2

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

A?EAIAE IEANss NOAIAI?AIA

OAeE 372.808.3

+092 Ia??iei ?.

E?IAAIAeEAeAEOE*I? ?AeA?

?AAIA IA??IEA

13.00.02.- oai??y oa iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy

/oe?a?inueei? iiae /

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien .

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Io?aaeoeueea Ia?aa?eoa Iao??aia,
?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae, IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

— aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?.AII Oe?a?ie Iaoeueei
Ethaia ?aai?aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e noee?noeee;

– eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, Oi?ioeianueea Ieueaa Iaca??aia,
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
eaai?aoi??? ii/aoeiaiai iaa/aiiy

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? A. Noaoaieea,
eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.
?aaii-O?aie?anuee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14-30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.053.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 252601, i.Ee?a,
aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 15 ” n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

?oaeieoeueea I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ia?iaeo, eoeueoo?e e ina?oe aeieea?
iio?aaa caa?iaiiy aei oai?/i? niaaeueie aeaeaoieo iaaeaaia?a oa
iaoiaeeno?a c iaoith aeei?enoaiiy ?o caeiaooe?a o no/ani?e oeie?.
Inieneaiiy i?ia?aneaieo ?aeae ieioeiai c iiaeyaeo nueiaiaeaiiy ?
iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith anaa?/iiai ?icoi?iiy a/aieie iiaeo i?iaeai,
ui iinoaee ia?aae iaaeaaia?/ieie iaoeaie ? i?aeoeeith iaa/aiiy o ca`yceo
c? noai?aiiyi iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe. Aiae?c iaaeaaia?/ii?
niaaeueie caaaa/o? a?o/eciyio iaoeo, aea? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiicoaaoe ??
iaeaooi?.

Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo neeaaeiaeo eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe ?
oi?ioaaiiy ? noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee. Iiaeeeaino?
aeey aeeaoiai inieneaiiy i?iaeaie ci?noo, iaoe, cania?a ? iaoiae?a
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? iaoee a oiiaao iaaeaiiy oe?a?inuee?e iia?
aea?aeaaiiai noaoono noai?ththoue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie
?aaia Ia??iea. Cie?aia inieneaiiy oai?aoe/ieo Ia??ieiaeo ?ica?aeie uiaei
i??i?eoaoiino? a iaoiaeeoe? aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? aoiiiaaeaaia?ee oa
aoiiineoieia??, aaeaea, ia aeoieo aaeeeiai ina?oyieia, oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa – ia o?eueee «i?inoee neiaie ?icoi?iiy», a iia? –
«nooi?noue iaoi? na?aeiiino?». Oea iniaeeai aaaeeeai a oiiaao noai?aiiy
i?aeoe/ii? oeiee iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

?aai Ia??iei aeyaea nai? ?icoi?iiy oeeo i?iaeai, yea ia ao?aoeei
i?eeeaaeii? cia/eiino? e o iao /an. Iaeiae, i?i ?.Ia??iea oa ?ioeo
ia?aaeiaeo ethaeae ii/aoeo OO-ai noie?ooy a?o/eciyi? iaaeaaiae ciooai?
aoee iia/aoe. ?io? iiaeeeaino? iaee a/ai? ca iaaeaie Oe?a?ie. O Aa?oaa?
a 1925 ?ioe? c iaaiaee 20-e?oiueiai tha?eath iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
?.Ia??iea aoei aeaeaii ca??iee ca ?aaeaeoe??th i?ioani?a A.Ca?e?ia
«I?ioani? ?.Ia??iei ye oea?eiaiee ? a?iiaaenueeee ae?y/ ? ye o/aiee», a
a 1937 ?ioe? – “Iaoeiaee ca??iee”, i?enay/aiee 30-?e ??/ieoe? eiai
iaoeiai? oa a?iiaaenueei? ae?yeueiino?. A 1958 ?ioe? Anaeaiaaenueeee
tha?eaeiee eii?oao aeaeaa «Eieao ia iioaio Aenieii?ainayuaii?oiai
Ieo?iiieeoa ?ea??iia o 75-e?ooy eiai aeeooy ? i?aoe?”. I?ney
i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie aaee/acia oai?/a niaaeueia ?.Ia??iea
noa? i?aaeiaoii oe?ieeo caoe?eaaeaiue a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaoe?a. Aei 110-?
??/ieoe? c aeiy eiai ia?iaeaeaiiy a 1992-iio ?ioe? a?aeaoeeny aea?
anaoe?a?inuee? eiioa?aioe??: a Eai’yioe?-Iiae?euenueeiio — «Aeooiaia ?
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia ae?yeuei?noue ?.?.Ia??iea a eiioaeno? oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy» oa o Eueaia? — «?.Ia??iei. Iacaaooi?
?iaia oe?a?inueei? iaoee». A Ee?a?, c ?i?oe?aoeae ?inoeoooo O?einio??
IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ioiaeyoue anaoe?a?inuee? Ia??ieia? /eoaiiy, ca
iaoa??aeaie yeeo o 1996-oio ?ioe? a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea aeaeaii ca??iee aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue «Aaeaoaiue iaoee». Aei 115-i? ??/ieoe? a?ae aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy ?.Ia??iea a Ee?anueeiio i?ae?aa?iiaeueiiio ?inoeooo?
i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a ?iai? A.A??i/aiea a 1997 ?ioe? aeeoia
ca??iee «?.Ia??iei /Ieo?iiieeo ?ea??ii/ ? aeoiaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii
na?aeiii? iniaenoino?.” Aei oe??? ae aeaoe o Eueaia? ?inoeoooii
ia?iaeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie aeaeaii aii?yaeeiaai? C.O?iaieeii «Ia??ieia?
aoi?ecie ? naioaioe??», ye? a?aeoai?ththoue iaiiaoi?i?noue, aeeaeio e
aeooaeuei?noue aeoiie Ieo?iiieeoa ?ea??iia /Ia??iea/.

Na?aae aeine?aeaeaiue iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie ?.Ia??iea ne?ae
iniaeeai a?aecia/eoe aeeaie? oa ci?noiai? i?aoe? I.Oeiioeea. Eiai
«Aieaioa ?aaia Ia??iea» noaea ia?oei a Oe?a?i? iiiia?ao?/iei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeeooy ? oai?/ino? «a/aiiai-aea?aeaaioai?oey». O i?aoe?
aaoi? aiae?co? ie?ai? aniaeoe e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? niaaeueie ?.Ia??iea,
ii?yae ?c a?o?aieie aeieoiaioaie aeei?enoiao? iaoa??aee
«niaoeoiiae?anueeeo» ? ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiue, ye? ua aeiiaaeaaia aoee
iaaeinooiieie aeey oe?a?inueeiai /eoa/a. Nueiaiaei? cia/ii? oaaae
caneoaiao? i?aoey A.Ia?ooeaae/ «Iaaoiiiee i?aoe?aiee oe?a?inueeiai
?aianaino ?.Ia??iei. Iaaeaaia?/iee aniaeo». Aeine?aeieoey i?iaiaeeoue
??oioiaiee iaoeiaee aiae?c i?ina?oieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a/aiiai,
aena?oeth? ie?ai? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? iiaeyaee ?.Ia??iea, eiai
eiioeaioe?th iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy. O i?aoe? C.Oiieieea «?aai
Ia??iei» iaaieioaii, ui “aeineiiaea iiaioaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/iei ? oaoiaei
iaoa??aeii ii?aeioaaeinue a ?.Ia??iea c aeeaieei ciaiiyi
aoiiineoieia??”. Ia noi??ieao ia??iaee/ii? i?ane i?i oai?/o niaaeueio
?.Ia??iea iaae?oeiaaii noaoo? Ae.Noaiiaeea, C.O?iaieea, I.Iiaianthea.
Iaaecae/aeii oe?eaaei ? aeooaeueiei ? aiae?c e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee
?.Ia??iea, i?iaaaeaiee I.Aieo?aoeai o noaoo? «?.Ia??iei: Iiaa ye
ae?aaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ineo?ee, aeoo? e na?aeiiino? ia?iaeo»
/»Aeeaineiai», 1994/. Aaaaoi iaoa??ae?a i?i aeeooy, iaaeaaia?/io
ae?yeuei?noue oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/io niaaeueio ?.Ia??iea iiaea?oueny a
aacao? «A?ae?iaeaeaiiy» i.A?oneeiaa. Aaoi?e coieiythoueny ia ie?aieo
oaeoao iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ?. Ia??iea, aiae?c? eiai i?aoeue –
iiiia?ao?e, iin?aiee?a, i?ae?o/iee?a, aea ia noaaeyoue ia?aae niaith
caaaeaiiy oe?e?nii aena?oeeoe e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/iee aniaeo niaaeueie
a/aiiai.

Oe?ieiio eieo ieoaiue aea/aiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo iniia
iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy o/i?a ia o?aaeeoe?yo oe?a?inueei?
aoiiiaaeaaia?ee i?enay/ai? i?aoe? I.Noaeueiaoiae/a, A.Eocy, TH.?oaeaiea,
O.Ii?ae/aiei, A.Caethe. I?iaeaie aoiiiaaeaaia?ee oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee
aeeaiei ?ic?iaeythoueny o i?aoeyo I.?aiaoaiea, ?.Nyaaaei, O.Iaoeaee?a,
A.Eiiiiaiea, A.Nooia?eea, A.Aeaenthea, A.Aiiaea?y, I.Ee?e/oea, I.E?/oe,
E.Iaoeueei, I.Ii?ica, I.Naa/aiei.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?aaia Ia??iea i?i aca?iica’ycaia aea/aiiy ??cieo
noi??i iiae (iniiaa no/aniiai ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo
aei aea/aiiy iiaieo yaeu) ni?acao/i? c no/anieie iiaeyaeaie iaoiaeeno?a
ia aea/aiiy ??aeii? iiae: oeiea aeaaeai?ea I.Aaooeaiea., E.Iaeaia?,
i?ae?o/ieee ca ?aaeaeoe??th I.Eiiiiaiea, iaoiaeeea ca`yciiai iiaeaiiy
E.Aa?caoeueei?. Aeo?eiaee aei?iaoaaiiy /anii ianoaiiae ?aaia Ia??iea
uiaei ii??aiyeueiiai i?aeoiaeo i?e aea/aii? aeecueeinii??aeiaieo iia ?
?icaeioeenue o iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiiyo I.Aiiaea?aiei, I.Iaoe?anueei?,
I.Oi?ioeianueei?, ?.Aoaecee, I.A?ey?aa.

C 1995 ?ieo ia iaoa??ae? niaaeueie ?.?.Ia??iea caoeuaii ?yae
aeena?oaoe?eieo ?ia?o. Ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe: A.Ia?ooeaae/ “I?ina?oieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue ?
iaaeaaia?/i? iiaeyaee ?aaia Ia??iea” (1995?.); A.Iiaianthe “Aeoiaaiiy
aoiaiii? iniaenoino? oeiey?a a iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei? ?aaia Ia??iea”
(1996?.); O.?iiye “I?iaeaia aeoiaaiiy o/i?anueei? iieiae? a niaaeuei?
?aaia Ia??iea ? oai?/a aeei?enoaiiy ?? a no/ani?e oeie? Oe?a?ie”
(1997?.). Ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
caoeuaii aeena?oaoe?th A.Iaoeueei “?aai Ia??iei – aeine?aeiee aeaaiuei?
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e” (1998?.). Ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe – C.O?iaieea “?noi??inio?y i?aaineaaii?
aaoieaoaeueiino? o oai?/?e niaaeuei? ?aaia Ia??iei (Ieo?iiieeoa
?ea??iia)” (1997?.). O 1997 ?ioe? I.Oeiioeeii caoeuaii ia?oo
aeena?oaoe?th ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
“Oe?a?iiciaa/? i?iaeaie a iaoeia?e, ioae?oeenoe/i?e, ?aaeaeoi?nuee?e ?
aeaeaaie/?e ae?yeueiino? ?aaia Ia??iea”.

I?ioa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? ?aea? a niaaeuei? ?. Ia??iea i?iaiae?ciaai?
iia?aeii. Ana oea niiioeaei aeena?oaioa aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii? oaie.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iia`ycaia c caaaeaiiyie, aecia/aieie
iaa/aeueiith i?ia?aiith “Iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a
ii/aoeiaeo eeanao”, c iaoeiaeie iai?yieaie IIO ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa
“Oai??y e oaoiieia?y iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy a nenoai? ia?iaeii? ina?oe”,
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe” ? c aeiiaaie Aea?aeaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie “Ina?oa” (Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy).

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia oa iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ia
niaaeueia ?aaia Ia??iea, a i?aaeiaoii – ?ic?iaeaia iei iaoiaee/ia
nenoaia iaa/aiiy ??aeii? iiae a oeie?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe??: aena?oeeoe oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iee aniaeo
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea, i?iaiae?coaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c
iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae c o?aooaaiiyi aeooaeueieo
i?iaeai iiaii? ina?oe ia no/aniiio aoai?.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeea ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue :

aena?oeeoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae iiaith oa ineo?/ieie iniaeeainoyie
oe?a?inueeiai aoiino a eiioeaioe?? ?aaia Ia??iea ia iniia? ?icoi?iiy
a/aiei iiae ye aeooiaiiai aaaaonoaa ia?iaeo;

?icaeyiooe eiioeaioe?th «??aeiiiiaieo iaia’yce?a” ?aaia Ia??iea ia oe?
oiai/anieo iiaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ni?yioaaoe ?? ia iaoiaeeeo
aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? (aea?aeaaii?) iiae a oiiaao iiaiai noni?eueiiai
aoooy;

ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nenoaio e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo i?eioeei?a o/aiiai,
iieacaoe ?o ?aae?caoe?th a i?ae?o/ieeao iaaeaaiaa, aeiaanoe
i??i?eoaoi?noue i?eioeeio ia?iaeiino? a e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?e niaaeuei?
?aaia Ia??iea;

iieacaoe cia/aiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea aeey ?icaeoeo
no/anii? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy iiae.

Eiioeaioe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aiae?coth/e oai?/? caeiaooee ?.Ia??iea a
aaeoc? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae o ca`yceo c iayai?noth
??cieo i?aeoiae?a aei i?iaeai e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee, ?icaeyaea?ii ?aea?
a/aiiai ye aeaea?aei caaaa/aiiy no/anii? oai??? oa i?aeoeee iaa/aiiy
oe?a?inueei? iiae, ui ni?ey? aoaeoeaiiio iiooeo oeyo?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy
ci?noo ina?oe ia iniia? iineeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiiiiiaioa.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee o?einionuee? ?aea? i?i
?aei?noue iiae ? ieneaiiy, oi?ie ? ci?noo, a/aiiy i?i iiao ye can?a
ni?eeoaaiiy, i?ciaiiy e a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino? a ethaenuee?e
na?aeiiino?; iieiaeaiiy i?i nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae ye iaoiaeieia?/iee can?a
iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ieo yaeu, yeee ia?aaeaa/a?
a?aooaaiiy noia?a/eeaeo iiaeyae?a ia aea/aiiy iiae, cie?aia a
aoiiineoieia?/ieo oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo i?aoeyo, ae?aeaeoe/ia
iieiaeaiiy i?i ?icaeoie ? oi?ioaaiiy oe?e?nii? iniaenoino?, i?i nooue
??aeiiiiaiiai aeoiaaiiy. Aii??e/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? noaee
oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee oa oaeoe/i? aeai? c iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Ieo?iiieeoa
?ea??iia /Ia??iea/, ui aoee iaienai? e iaae?oeiaai? a ??ci? ia??iaee
eiai aeeooy e ae?yeueiino? oa caeeoathoueny aeooaeueieie o iao /an.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ie
ei?enooaaeeny iaoiaeaie iieno ? c?noaaeaiiy, caa?oaeenue aei iaoiae?a
aiae?co ? neioaco, aiaeia??, nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaiiy,
iiaeaethaaiiy, aea/aiiy ?noi?e/ieo aeaea?ae.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue iiaoaiii:

?-ee aoai (1993-1994 ?iee) – oai?aoe/ia inieneaiiy i?iaeaie, aea/aiiy
oai?aoe/ieo aeaea?ae, iciaeiieaiiy c iaoeiaith oa iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iith
niaaeueiith ?aaia Ia??iea;

II-ee aoai (1994-1996 ?iee) – ii/aoie aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe;
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaa?noe/ieo, aoiiineoieia?/ieo, e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
i?iaeai o i?aoeyo ?aaia Ia??iea, aena?oeaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai
aniaeoo e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae o/aiiai; ai?iaaoe?y eiioeaioe??
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, o aeo?iaeueieo ioae?eaoe?yo;

???-?e aoai (1996-1998 ?iee) – ocaaaeueithth/a inieneaiiy i?iaeaie;
ai?iaaoe?y eiioeaioe?? a aeo?iaeueieo ioae?eaoe?yo; oi?ioethaaiiy
aeniiae?a, ioi?ieaiiy ?acoeueoao?a iaoeiaiai iiooeo, i?aeaioiaea ?yaeo
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeena?oaio, nie?ath/enue ia
niaoe?aeuei? oa caaaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaia Ia??iea c ieoaiue
aoiiineoieia??, ineoie?iaa?noeee, ii??aiyeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa,
oai?aoe/ii? oa i?eeeaaeii? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy iia, aia?oa eiie?aoecoaaa
Ia??ieiaa o?aeooaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ineoieia?? iiae, ?icoi?iiy iiae ye
aeooiaii? nea?aieoe? iaoe??, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
canoinoaaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ?aaia Ia??iea a no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e
oeie?; iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ae?noaa nenoaiiee aiae?c iaoiaee/ieo
i?aeoiae?a iaaeaaiaa aei aeeeaaeaiiy ??aeii? iiae a oeie?, a?aoiaioaoe?y
? oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? a?aooaaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
?aeae o/aiiai i?e ae??oaiiy i?iaeai no/anii? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a aiae?c? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea c oi/ee ci?o ao?eaiiy ?o a no/ani?e iaoiaeeoe?
iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae. A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii nooue
?ic?iaeaii? a/aiei iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a
oeie?. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aea? iiaeeea?noue aeeth/eoe a oai??th ?
i?aeoeeo eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? niaaeueie ?aaia
Ia??iea.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? i?e ae??oaii? i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
aeeeaaeaii? iaeaooi?i o/eoaeyi aoc?anueeeo eo?n?a c e?iaa?noeee,
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee, aoiieia??, eoeueoo?ieia??, i?e /eoaii? niaoeeo?n?a, o
i?ina?oieoeuee?e ?iaio?. Aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aeey iaienaiiy i?aoeue c aoiiineoieia??,
ineoie?iaa?noeee, ?noi??? oe?a?inueeiai iiaiciaanoaa oa iaoiaeeee
aeeeaaeaiiy iia.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ocaaaeueiaii? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
iiaeyae?a ?.Ia??iea a iaaio nenoaio (ia nooi?noue, iaoo, caaaeaiiy,
ci?no ina?oe, i?eioeeie, iaoiaee iaa/aiiy, oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?), o aecia/aii? e aiae?c?
i?ia?aeieo ?aeae e?iaaaeeaeaeoe/ii? niaaeueie a/aiiai.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiiia`ycaieo iaoiae?a,
aaeaeaaoieo iao?, i?aaeiaoo, caaaeaiiyi ?iaioe; iii?ith ia i?eioeeie
?noi?ecio, ia`?eoeaiino?, iaoeiaei aiae?cii oaeoia?ao?/iiai iaoa??aeo a
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiio, eia?/iiio oa i?iaeaiiiio aniaeoao.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny aecia/aiiy e ioe?iea aianeo ?.Ia??iea a oai??th oa
i?aeoeeo iaa/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a oeie?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe cae?enithaaeany oeyoii iia?aeiieaiiy ?? ?acoeueoao?a
ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «O?aaeeoe?? aeoiaaiiy o
na?oia?e ia?iaei?e iaaeaaia?oe?», (6-8 /a?aiy 1993?., i.??aia), oa ia
anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oe?a?inueea
ia?iaeiciaanoai ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, (10-12 aeiaoiy 1993?.,
i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee). ?acoeueoaoe cae?eniaiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaeiaae ?yaeo ?ie?a ai?iaaaeaeoaaeeny i?e aeeeaaeaii?
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee O Euea?anueeiio iaaeaaia?/iiio o/eeeu? ?1 (aeia?aeea
?90 a?ae 06.10.98?.) oa i?e iaa/aii? oe?a?inueei? iiae o oeieao ??
4,8,46,51,55,60,62 i?noa Eueaiaa (aeia?aeea ?1301/468 a?ae 05.11.98?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
a?aeia?aaeai? a 7 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a (an? iaeiiin?ai?): /ioe?ueio
noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, iaei?e noaoo? o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
aeaio ioae?eaoe?yo o ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeai? eia?eith aeine?aeieoeueei?
i?aoe?, a?aeiia?aeii aei ?? iaoe e iniiaieo caaaeaiue. Eiiiiceoe?eii
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aac nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
— 140n., iiaiee ianya ?iaioe (c? nieneii aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e) –
156n.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia`?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aena?oeaii eiioeaioe?th, iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao oa iaoiaee, iaoeiao
iiaecio, i?aeoe/ia e oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iniaenoee aianie
aeine?aeieea, a??ia?aei?noue ? oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? oa canoinoaaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iniiai? iiiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e 1. “E?iaa?noe/ia oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia i?iaeaiaoeea o i?aoeyo
?.Ia??iea” i?noeoue caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeiae, eiee i?aoethaaa ?.
Ia??iei, iiaea? aiae?c iiaiciaa/eo oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo i?aoeue
o/aiiai.

O a?eueo i?ae i?aoi?aoeny/iiio iaoe?? iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo noaoae,
i?iiia?aeae ? iiiia?ao?e ?.Ia??iea iaeaaaii?oa i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny
iaoeiaiio inieneaiith i?iaeai ??aeii? iiae, iaoiaeeoe? ?? aeeeaaeaiiy oa
iioe?aiiy. Ia?oeie iaoeiaeie ?ica?aeeaie a/aiiai c iiaiciaanoaa oa
?noi??? iiae ?: «?noi??y a?aiaoe/ii? e?oa?aoo?e» (1908), «Iaeyae
oe?a?inueeiai yceeiciaanoaa» (1908), «Aea?eia /enei a oe?a?inuee?e iia?»
(1910). ?noi?e/i? aniaeoe iiaieo yaeu aeeaiei aena?oeai? a «?noi?e/i?e
o?anoiiao?? oe?a?inueei? iiae» (1918). Na?aae aeanyoe?a aeine?aeaeaiue
o/aiiai, ienay/aieo oei /e ?ioei aniaeoai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ii?ioaaiiy /e
iioiaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae iniaeeaa i?noea iin?aea? «?noi??y
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae» (1949). Cia/iee i?ciaaaeueiee ? aeoiaiee
iioaioe?ae aeoioeththoue a nia? iaoeia? ?ica?aeee, iiiia?ao?? ?.Ia??iea
«Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a» (1918), «?noi??y oe?a?inueeiai ae?oea?noaa»
(1925), «Aeio?enoeyinuee? a??oaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo» (1965).
Nueiaiaei? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? iiaeooue noaoe iaiao?aeieie oae?
aeaeaiiy ye «Oe?a?inueeee noee?noe/iee neiaiee» (1924); «Oe?a?inueeee
i?aaiien ?c neiaie/eii» (1925), «Oe?a?inueeee i?aaiieniee neiaiee»
(1923), «Aoeiieia?/ii-naiaioe/iee neiaiee oe?a?inueei? iiae (1979-1994),
«A?aiaoe/ii-noee?noe/iee neiaiee Oaa/aieia? iiae» (1961) oa ?io?. Ia
noi??ieao aeo?iaeo «??aeia iiaa», ?aaeaeoi?ii yeiai i?ioyaii 1933-1939
??. aoa ?.Ia??iei, iiaa/eee na?o i?aoe? a/aiiai «Neeaae oe?a?inueei?
iiae», «Ii/aoeiaa a?aiaoeea oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae», «Aac
ni?eueii? iiae iaia iaoe??», «*oae? aieeae ia oe?a?inueeo iiao», «??aeia
ienaiiy». Ia iniaeeao oaaao caneoaiaothoue nueiaiaei?
?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i? oa e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? i?aoe?, i?ae?o/ieee
?.Ia??iea «Oe?a?inueea ienaiiy» (1917), «A/eiiny ??aeii? iiae. Ia?ene
i?i iiao ae?a?inueeo» (1917), «E?aoeee eo?n oe?aeineiai ycuea. Ec
enoi?ee oe?aeineiai ycuea» (1918), «??aeia iiaa a oe?a?inuee?e oeie?.
Cai?oee c iaoiaeeee ??aeii? iiae» (1918), «Oe?a?inueea iiaa.
A?ae?ia?ao?/iee iieaae/ee e?oa?aoo?e aei aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae»
(1918), iin?aieee ? oaaeeoe?, a oaeiae ia?aaeiiae aei ieo. A oiiaao
?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo ina?oe ia iniia? iineeaiiy eiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
eiiiiiaioa oe?iieie ? i?aoe? ?.Ia??iea, aeaeai? a/aiei o Eaiaae?: «Eieaa
iaoiai aoooy ia /oaeei?. Aa?aae?ii ana nai? ??aeia» (1956), «Iaa/aeii
ae?oae nai?o oe?a?inueei? iiae» (1961), «Aia ? na?o. *eoaiiy aeey
iieiae? iaae?eueieo oe?e ? oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeei» oa ?io?.

O ?icae?e? 2. «Iiaa ? ineo?/i? iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueeiai aoiino a
eiioeaioe?? ?.Ia??iea», yeee neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a, — ia
i?aenoaa? Ia??ieiaeo niinoa?aaeaiue nenoaiii aiae?co?oueny i?iaeaia
aca?iica’yceo oa aca?iiaieeao iiae oa ineo?ee ia?iaeo.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1. “O?aaeeoe?y aoiiineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a
Oe?a?i?” aeaco?oueny, ui ia?o? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaee iaoe?iiaeueii?
ineoieia?? c?iaeee i?iaoeueeee o?einio I.Eaoea?on oa iiaiciaaaoeue
A.Ooaeioaeue. Ia ii/aoeo OO-ai noie?ooy ?aea? aoiiineoieia?? oe?iei
?icaeioee A.Eaaii oa A.Aoiaeo. Ia?o? ni?iae c’ynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae
iaioae?oaoo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo aoei c?iaeaii I.Einoiia?iaei, a iio?i
– ?.Ia/oe-Eaaeoeueeei. Aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi, yea noiyei ia?aae
oe?a?inueeeie aoiiineoieiaaie ia oie /an, aoei ooaa?aeaeaiiy ?noi?e/ii?,
eoeueoo?ii?, ineoieia?/ii? nai???aeiino? Oe?a?ie, ?iciaaeoaaiiy c
?in??th oa Iieueuath, ooaa?aeaeaiiy iiaiioe?iiino? oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?, aeooiaiino?,
iiae. Cia/iee aianie o ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei? aoiiineoieia?? c?iaeee
iaoeia? ?ica?aeee ss.ss?aie, ?.I??/oea, I.Oaaeaiea, I.Eoeue/eoeueeiai,
A.ssiaaa, A.Aauaiea, A.*eaeaanueeiai, TH,Eeie, A.Eeieinueeiai,
Ae.Aeiioeiaa, Ae.A?eiinueei?, A.Oeeiaae?noiai, I.Oeaieaae/a oa ?ioeo.
Caneoaa oeeo o/aieo o oiio, ui aiie canoinoaaee nenoaiiee aiae?c
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiai oe?a?iiciaa/iai iaoa??aeo, yeee ??oioo?oueny ia
i?iaeoiaiiio aeiai?? iaoeiaeo oaeo?a oa inieneaii? ?o c iiaeyaeo
o?einio??, ?noi???, ineoieia??, e?iaa?noeee, eoeueoo?ieia??.
Aeine?aeieee oe?a?inueei? aoiiineoieia?? iia`ycoaaee caaaeaiiy oe???
aaaeeeai? iaoee c iaaeaaia?eith, c aeoiaaiiyi ? iaa/aiiyi
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy.

Aeiaaio?eaaea ia?aaoaaiiy Ieo?iiieeoa ?ea??iia a oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeao,
ioi/aieo /oaeiiiaiei na?aaeiaeuai, aeyaeeinue ni?eyoeeaei aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aaeaioaoe??, naiicaa?aaeaiiy, a cia/eoue — ?
iaea?eueo yne?aaiai ae?aaeaiiy iniaeeainoae oe?a?inueei? aaea/? oa
oe?a?inueeiai oa?aeoa?o. Naia oe? oiiae aeaee a/aiiio i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui oe?a?ioe? «i?ino? e aeiineea?, eaneaa? e ethaeyi?,
ue?ina?aei? e a?aee?eo?», aaea/a ?o «aanaea e iiaoe/ia», oe?a?ioeyi
i?eoaiaii? «iaoee aei iaoee, oa?iei?noue aei ai?ia?a, yne?aaa
oaeaiiaeo?noue, eia?/i?noue o aeoieao, aaeeea iiaiaei?noue, aeniea
ii?aeuei?noue, oiea?aioi?noue, ieeina?aey, aeaiie?aoeci”. Iaeaaeii
aeei?enoai? ?aaiii Ia??ieii iiaeeeaino? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
aoiino a oiiaao ae?anii?e aeicaieeee eiio ie?aneeoe e i?e?iaei? oeae
oe?a?ioe?a. sse i?aaenoaaiee iine?aeiaii? ?noi?e/ii-ii??aiyeueii?
iaoiaeieia?? a oe?a?inuee?e aoiiineoieia??, Ia??iei ?iaeoue aeniiaee,
iineeath/enue ia i?aoe? A.Aioiiiae/a, I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I.Iaeneiiae/a,
I.Iioaai?, I.Noioeiaa, A.Aiaothea, O.Eieanne, ?.O?aiea oa aaaaoueio
?ioeo. Aeaea?aeii aeey aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? ineo?ee oa oe?a?inueeiai
oa?aeoa?o a/aiee aaaaea? e ooaeiaeith e?oa?aoo?o. Ia aeoieo ?.Ia??iea,
aeooiai?noue ia?iaeo ia iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye cae?i/aiee i?ioean, ui
iaaoa oaea noaeeo ? iaci?iieo oi?i, oiio a/aiee i?iiiio? ca aeiiiiiaith
iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy iaiaaaoeny iineeeoe iiceoeai? ?ene e iineaaeoe
oeae o aaea/? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2. “E?iaa?noe/i? iiaeyaee ?aaia Ia??iea” ia i?aenoaa?
Ia??ieiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia??oioiao?oueny oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui aac ??aeii?
iiae iaia? anaia?iaeii? na?aeiiino?, a aac na?aeiii? iaoe?? iaia?
aea?aeaaiino? ye iaeaeui? a?iiaaenueei? i?aai?caoe??, a ye?e iaoe?y
io?eio? iaeiiai?oo ciiao naiai anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo e aeyaeaiiy. A iniia?
iiaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ?.Ia??iea eaaeeoue i?eioeei ?aeiino? iiae ?
ineo?ee, ?o aca?iiaieea ? aca?iicaeaaei?noue.

Ia aeoieo ?.Ia??iea, ??ci? iiae aeathoue ia i?inoi ??ci? iicia/aiiy
iaeiiai e oiai naiiai i?aaeiaoa, a e ??ci? eiai aa/aiiy, ai “iiaa –
iaeyni?oee aeya iaoi? ineo?ee, oea iaeia?oa noi?iia iaoiai ineo?/iiai
ss” (Ia??iei ?. Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a). Oiio aaaaonoai, aio/e?noue,
iaiaeiiiai?oi?noue ? ??ciiaa?ai?noue, aa?iii?ei?noue, i?inoioa ?
yni?noue o aeiia?, ia?aci?noue, iaeueiaie/?noue, iiaoe/i?noue
oe?a?inueei? iiae, aaaaoi? iaoaoi?aie, ia?nii?o?eaoe?yie,
i?eeiaoieeiaeie ? i?ene?aieeiaeie ai?oaoaie, ?iaiieeaie oa i?eeiaoieeaie
o ciaioaii-ianoeea?e oi?i?, aeeaeiaie o?acaieia??, coiiaeai?
niaoeeo?eith oe?a?inueeiai ieneaiiy, na?oia?ae/oooy ? na?oini?eeiaiiy.
Iniaeeaino? oe?a?inueei? iiae coiiaeee e oa?aeoa?io ?eno iiaiciaa/i?
oai?/ino? ?.Ia??iea — aeio?eiaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai i?eioeeio «i?inoioe oa
yniino?», yeee ??oioo?oueny ia ineoieia?/iiio ?ic??ciaii? niinia?a
ieneaiiy: “?ioae?aaionueeee niin?a aeoiaoe iaiaaeo? eiei oeo, ooi
caeaoiee ona?aeiieoe iaienaia, e oeei ia?aoeiaeaea? ?icaeoeia?
eoeueoo?e. Nai y iaeaaeo aei oeo, ooi ia o?eueee eioa?oueny a
iiioey?iiio aeeeaae?, aea e oaaaea? eiai ca ei?eni?oee a?ae aeeeaaeo
/enoi iaoeiaiai. Caaaeaiiy a/aiiai – ia o?eueee oai?eoe iaoeo, aea e
oi?oe iaa/aoe ??.”(Ia??iei ?. sse ienaoe aeey oe?ieeo ian).

I?ae?icae?e 2.3. “Aoiiineoieia?/i? oa e?iaa?noe/i? aniaeoe
?noi?eei-?ae?a?eii? eiioeaioe?? Ieo?iiieeoa ?ea??iia” aena?oeth?
iiaeyaee a/aiiai ia aei?noi?e/i? a??oaaiiy ye iniiao oi?ioaaiiy iiaoeee
oe?a?inueei? iiae, ooo i?iaiae?ciaaii Ia??ieiaa aa/aiiy iie?oa?noe/ieo
aeaiaio?a oe?a?inueeiai neiaioai?/iai i?ioeano,iieacaii ?ae?a?ei?noue
oe?a?inueei? aaea/?, iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeoiaey/e c iiceoe??, ui «o?eueee aaeeaeyth/enue o neaeio a?e?a, iiaeia
?icaeaae?oe aeaiue, a yeiio aeeaao», ?. Ia??iei aeia?a, ui e oe?a?inueea
aaea/a, e oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a, ? naia aeeaa oe?a?inueea iiaa
oi?ioaaeenue i?ae aieeaii aeio?enoeyinueeeo a??oaaiue, aeai?a??’y ?
o?enoeyinoaa, — ana oea caeeoeeiny aeioaia?. A ?ae?a?eiee noeeue a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?? — ?aaeueia yaeua. ?.Ia??iei ?icaeioa nenoaio
«e?iaa?noe/ii? iiaoeee», yeo noai?ea I.Iioaaiy. Ieo?iiieeo ?ea??ii
(Ia??iei) aena?oeea i?e?iaeo ooaeiaeiueiai neiaa, ieneaiiy ia?acaie,
i?aee?aneea cia/aiiy niieo/aiue ne?a o oai?aii? ia?aciino?. Aeia?aoe, ui
iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy iiaoeee oe?a?inueei? iiae ? aei?noi?e/i? a??oaaiiy
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, ye? a?aeia?aceeenue ? a nenoai? iiae, ? a
oieueeei?? oa e?oa?aoo??, ?.Ia??iei ia?aeiio?, ui iaa/aiiy iiae, oai??a
oieueeei?o oa ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ? caniaii ?ioa??i?ecaoe??
(i?enai?iiy) o/iyie iiaoeee ??aeii? iiae.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe aeio?enoeyinuee? i?oe, ia?yaee, e?oa?aoo?i? oai?e
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, ?.Ia??iei aeia?a, ui no/ania oe?a?inueea
iiaa i?noeoue o nia? aaaaoi iie?oa?noe/ieo aeaiaio?a. Iai?eeeaae,
noi?iiaaia a aeio?enoeyinueeee ia??iae ia?aeiiai?noue oe?a?ioe?a o oiio,
ui neiai caeaoia aeeeeeaoe oa, ui aiii icia/a?, coiiaeei noai?aiiy
iniaeeai? oi?ie aaci?aeiaoiaiai ?a/aiiy: ?oee eiio a?aeiyei, eoaeenue
eiai aoiieei; aaea eiai iiianei; i?eia?ei aei oaoe; aaea eiai caaeeei;
iaeeaeaei eiai. ?.Ia??iei aaaaea?, ui ?ae?a?y caaaeaee iin?aeaea cia/ia
i?noea a aeeoo? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. Aei ?ae?a?eiino? oe?a?ioe?a
ni?e/eieeiny aaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, ?? ?noi?e/ia aeiey, o?niee
ca`ycie oe?a?ioe?a ?c i?e?iaeith. A??a ae, ia aeoieo a/aiiai, iaeo?ni?oa
iia`ycaia c iiaith, ? aiie “?acii oai?youe aieiaio iciaeo ia?iaeiinoe.
??aeia iiaa – oea oie aieiaiee can?a, ui iei a??a iaeeaaoa ? iaeaeeaoa
aeioiaeeoue aei aeoo? ia?iaeo”. Oiio “?ae?a?ei?noue ? oea?eiai?noue” –
iniiai? iciaee noeeth-ci?noo on??? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Ia??ieiaa aa/aiiy iiae aeooaeueia. Iiaa ia?iaeaeo?oueny c naii? aeoo?
ia?iaeo. “Iiaa – oea iaoa iaoe?iiaeueia iciaea, a iia? iaoa eoeueoo?a,
nooi?noue iaoi? na?aeiiino?… Iiaa – oi?ia iaoiai aeeooy, aeeooy
eoeueoo?iiai ? iaoe?iiaeueiiai, oea oi?ia iaoe?iiaeueiiai i?aai?coaaiiy.
Iiaa – aeooa eiaeii? iaoe?iiaeueiino?, ?? iaeoe?ii?oee nea?a… Cae/aeii,
ia naia ii nia? iiaa, a iiaa, ye iaaiee i?aai eoeueoo?e, o?aaeeoe??. A
iia? iaoa noa?a e iiaa eoeueoo?a, iciaea iaoiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aeciaiiy. Iiaa — oea ia o?eueee i?inoee neiaie ?icoi?iiy, ai aiia
aeoai?th?oueny a iaai?e eoeueoo??, a iaai?e o?aaeeoe??”(Ia??iei ?.
Oe?a?inueea eoeueoo?a). Oiio iaiao?aeii aeaaoe i?i ?icaeoie ??aeii?
iiae, iiaiioe?ii?noue yei? iiaea aooe caaacia/aia o?eueee oiae?, eiee
aiia ianeoaiaoaaoeia an? noa?e aeeooy, caaeiaieueiyoeia iio?aae
aenieieoeueoo?ii? iaoe??.

?icae?e 3. «Ieoaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei?
?.Ia??iea» a?aeoai?th? ? nenoaiaoeco? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? iiaeyaee
a/aiiai. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c oanoe i?ae?icae?e?a.

A i?ae?icae?e? 3.1. “Iaaeaaia?/iee ci?no “Iaoee i?i ??aeiiiiai?
iaia’ycee” a/aiiai“ aiae?cothoueny Ia??ieia? iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee
uiaei aecia/aiiy i?eioeei?a, iaoiae?a, i?eeii?a, cania?a ? oi?i aieeao
ia iniaeno?noue i?e canai?ii? ciaiue c ??aeii? iiae, i?i ??aeio iiao oa
iaia’yce?a uiaei ?? caa?aaeaiiy. O i?aoe? ?.Ia??iea “Iaoea i?i
??aeiiiiai? iaia`ycee” cia/aiiy iiae a aeeoo? ia?iaeo aecia/a?oueny
oaeeie iniiaieie iieiaeaiiyie: 1.??aeia iiaa – iaeaaaeeea?oa iniiaa, ia
ye?e aeooiaii ? eoeueoo?ii c?inoa? eiaeiee ia?iae. 2.Niai?ia
e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa – iaei?oei?oee oeaiaio, ui ia`?aeio? aoiia?ao?/iee
ia?iae ? ia?aoai?th? eiai a na?aeiio iaoe?th. 3.?aei?noue ia?iaeo
caaacia/o? ?aeeia e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa, ?aeeia oa?i?iieia?y, ?aeeia aeiiaa,
?aeeiee i?aaiien. 4.Iaea?eueoith iio?aaith, iaia`yceii, /anoth ?
a?aei?noth na?aeiiiai a?iiaaeyieia ? aeineiiaea aieiae?iiy
e?oa?aoo?iith iiaith. 5.Iniiaiee iaia`ycie aea?aeaae – aeaaoe i?i
yeiaee?auee ?icaeoie ni?eueii? aeey anueiai ?? ia?iaeo e?oa?aoo?ii?
iiae.

Iniiaiei aeoiaiei caaaeaiiyi i?e aea/aii? ??aeii? iiae, ia aeoieo
a/aiiai, ? i?euaieaiiy ethaia? aei ia?, ?icoi?iiy ?? ?ie? oa cia/aiiy.
Oe?e iao? neoaeeoue aeei?enoaiiy ia o?ieao yne?aaeo ? aeo/ieo ia?iaeieo
i?ene?a`?a oa i?eeacie. I?aaeeueia, ae?acia /eoaiiy ooaeiaei?o oai??a,
oe?eaaa ?inoeai?caoe?y, aeaeeaiaoe?y – ana oea aeoiao? anoaoe/iee niae,
a?ae/oooy iiae, iiaaao aei ia?iaeo – oai?oey iiae, aei ienueiaiiee?a –
iaeno??a neiaa. Ia o?ieao ??aeii? iiae, ye cacia/a? ?.Ia??iei, iiaeiii
cao/aoe eeoa c?aceiaa iiaeaiiy, aaeaea i?aaiaiiy aei eoeueoo?e iiaeaiiy
– aaaeeeaee can?a aeoiaaiiy.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. “Ia?iaei?noue – i?ia?aeiee i?eioeei
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ?aaia Ia??iea“ iaaieioaii, ui a iniia? iaoiaeeee
aea/aiiy iiae ?.Ia??iea – i?eioeeie iaoeiaino?, ?noi?ecio, na?aeiiiai
noaaeaiiy aei iiaieo ieoaiue, iioeiaeueiiai nooiaiy neeaaeiino?,
aiioe?eiino?, ?icaeoeo iiaeaiiy e ieneaiiy o/i?a, ?iaeeiii-a?iiaaenueei?
iiaii? aa?iii??, noeioethaaiiy neiaaniiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy ae?oae,
ia?iaeiino?. Ia aeoieo a/aiiai, ia?iaei?noue o aeoiaaii? oa iaa/aii?
ae?oae iiaeiia noaoe iniiaith ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie ina?oe.
I?ae?o/ieee ?.Ia??iea iiaoaeiaai? ia?aaaaeii ia oieueeei?i?e iniia?.
Aeia?? oieueeei?iiai iaoa??aeo coiiaeaiee oei, ui a iueiio a/aiee aa/ea
aeeneo/? nea?ae ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee. A oni?e ia?iaei?e oai?/ino?
?aeaae ethaeeie iicia/aiee on?ia iaee?aueie ii?aeueieie /aniioaie:
i?aoeueiaeo?noth ? /ani?noth, oa?iei?noth aei aeoiee aeeaeiueiai oa
ni?a/oooyi aei no?aaeaeaiue ? aieth, oiaa?enuee?noth, ainoeii?noth,
iaiieaaeeaei i?aaiaiiyi aei ciaiue ? e?ane, ui iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
?icaeoie ieneaiiy oa iiaeaiiy o/i?a, ni?ey? i?aai?/iiio canai?iith ieie
e?iaa?noe/iiai iaoa??aeo, aeoiaaiith ae?oae o aeon? e?aueo o?aaeeoe?e
??aeiiai ia?iaeo.

Caaaeath/e ia aiioe?ei?noue, ye ia iaeio c aaaeeeaeo iciae aoiiineo?ee
oe?a?ioey, nooo?ao ?ieue i?e oi?ioaaii? e?iaa?noe/ieo iiiyoue ?.Ia??iei
a?aeaiaeeoue iaaeaaia?/ii-aiioe?eiei noeioeai, ui aeeeeeathoue iiceoeai?
iioeae ae?yeueiino?. Aaaeeea?noue aiioe?eiiai oaeoi?o ciaoiaeeoue
?icaeoie o a/aii? Nooiieeinueeiai i?i aiioe?eii-ia?acio ae?yeuei?noue ye
i?i ia?aaeoiiao iiaiioe?iiai ?icaeoeo aano?aeoiiai ieneaiiy. Aeey o/iia
ii/aoeiaeo eeania, ia aeoieo Iaaia Iai?iea, iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy o
oeueiio i?ioeani iaaoaathoue eacee. A no/ani?e iaoiaeeoe? ie ciaoiaeeii
anaa?/i? oi?ie, iaoiaee, i?eeiie, caniae ?aae?caoe?? oeeo i?eioeei?a: a)
o ci?no? iaa/aiiy (neiaa o i?yiiio ? ia?aiiniiio cia/aii?; aeecuee? oa
i?ioeeaaei? ca caa/aiiyi neiaa; neiaa, ??ci? ca ii?oaiiith aoaeiaith);
a) a no/ani?e i?aeoeoe? (?ioaa?iaai? o?iee iiae ? iiaeaiiy; ?ioaa?iaai?
eo?ne (Aa?caoeueea E.I., ?eue/aiei E.O.)).

Aacia?a/iith oe?ii?noth iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae
?.Ia??iea, neeaaeaii? c? ciaiiyi oa a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
oe?a?inueei? aoiiineoieia??, ?: i?inoioa ? yni?noue aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo;
aeei?enoaiiy onii? ia?iaeii? oai?/ino? oa e?aueo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
aeey iiyniaiiy e ia??oiooaaiiy eiioeaioe?? i?i o? /e ?io? iciaee
oe?a?inueei? iiae; ?noi?e/iee i?aeo?ae aei aena?oeaiiy an?o iiaieo yaeu;
i???ioaoe?y ia na?aeiia aieiae?iiy nea?aaie ??aeii? iiae; aeciaiiy
ae??oaeueii? ?ie? a/eoaey a i?ioean? aeiai?o iaoiae?a, cania?a ? oi?i
ae?yeueiino? i?e aea/aii? e?iaa?noe/iiai iaoa??aeo; aecia/aiiy
i??i?eoaoiino? aeoiaoth/iai iaa/aiiy ? ?ie? a iueiio ii?aeueiiai ci?noo
oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o e e?oa?aoo?e.

Anaa?/ii ? aeeaiei aeine?aeaeoth/e ia?iaeio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaio
ioae??noue, ?.Ia??iei ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui ??aeia iiaa, ?noi??y,
ia?iaei? ?a?e, ia?iaeia ienoaoeoai, ?io? iaoe?iiaeuei? o?aaeeoe?? oa
ia?yaee ye iniiai? caniae aoiiiaaeaaia?ee iathoue iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy a iaa/aii? e aeoiaaii? ae?oae.

I?ae?icae?e 3.3. aeena?oaoe?? i?noeoue e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/iee aiae?c
i?ae?o/iee?a iaaeaaiaa c oe?a?inueei? iiae. Ia aeoieo ?.Ia??iea, ci?no ?
no?oeoo?a i?ae?o/ieea a?aeia?aaeathoue ooieoe?? i?aaeiaoa a iaa/aii?,
aeoiaaii? oa ?icaeoeo o/i?a, a oaeiae i?ia?aii? aeiiae aei ?o ciaiue,
oi?iue ? iaae/ie. Caaaeueiee iaeyae i?ae?o/iee?a c oe?a?inueei? iiae
?.Ia??iea aea? i?aenoaae aeae?eeoe a ieo ianooii? eiiiiiaioe:
1.Nenoaiaoeciaaiee iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae, i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae?
a?aiaoe/ieo, oiiaoe/ieo, neiaioai?/eo a?aeiiinoae ? iiiyoue,
i?oia?ao?/ieo ? ioieooaoe?eieo i?aaee; 2.Aia?ao i?aai?caoe?? canai?iiy:
a) ieoaiiy ? caaaeaiiy, i?ecia/ai? aeey aeoea?caoe?? i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a o i?ioean? ?ice?eooy ci?noo oa no?oeoo?e i?aaee /e
iiiyoue, ocaaaeueiaiiy ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; a)
ai?aae, ??ciiiai?oi? ca nai?ie ooieoe?yie; 3.?ethno?aoeaiee iaoa??ae: a)
iaethiee i?aaeiao?a, nthaeaoi? ?ethno?aoe??; a) iiaiee ?ethno?aoeaiee
iaoa??ae (i?ene?a`y, i?eeacee, aeo/i? aeneiae, o?aaiaioe oe?a?inueeeo
ia?iaeieo i?naiue, ??ci? ?aa?iiaeuei? aa??aioe); 4.Nenoaia caaacia/aiiy
aeooiaii? ??aiiaaae o/i?a (ia aeoieo a/aiiai, aeooaaiee niie?e
aeinyaa?oueny “iieeoaith ia?aae iaa/aiiyi” oa “iieeoaith ii iaa/aii?”);
5.Aia?ao i???iooaaiiy a i?ae?o/ieeo.

Iniaeeai i?aee?aneeii ii??aiyeueiee oa?aeoa? iiaiiai iaoa??aeo a
i?ae?o/ieeao ?.Ia??iea. Aaeaea cai?iiiiiaaiee ?aaiii Ia??ieii
ii??aiyeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy iia ciaoiaeeoue ?icaeoie o no/aniiio
iieiaeaii? i?i ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae aea/aiiy aeecueeinii??aeiaii? iiae
(Aiiaea?aiei I., Iaoe?anueea I., Oi?ioeianueea I., Aoaecee ?., A?ey?a
I.) Ia aeoieo iaaeaaiaa, iaa/aiiy aeeeth/ii ca i?ae?o/ieeii aac oai?/i?
i?aoe? a/eoaey aaaeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo ia aeanoue: “… iaa/aoe ??aeii? iiae
ii iaei?e o?eueei a?aiaoeoe? — ??/ iaei ei?enia: ooo a?eueo ca ana
iio??aii aeeai? o/eoaeaai? i?aoe?, aeeaiai o/eoaeaaiai neiaa” (Ia??iei
?. Oe?a?inueea a?aiaoe/ia e?oa?aoo?a).

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.4. oa?aeoa?eco?oueny Ia??ieiaa nenoaia canai?iiy o/iyie
ii/aoeiaeo eean?a iniia oiiaoeee. ?.Ia??ieii c?iaeaii ni?iao aecia/eoe
ci?no ? ianya oiiaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, ii?yaeie iciaeiieaiiy o/i?a ?c
caoeaie oa aoeaaie, eeaneo?eaoe??th aieinieo oa i?eaieinieo, ?iaioith
iiaiiai aia?aoo i?e oai?aii? caoe?a. Iaaeaaia ?aeiiaiaeo? ia i?inoi
aena?oethaaoe aeeooy caoe?a, aacoth/enue ia oiio aeina?ae?, yeee ia?
eiaeia aeeoeia, a ?icaeaaoe a o/i?a i?e?iaeia /oooy caoeiai? e?ane
oe?a?inueei? iiae, aaeaea /a?ac ni?eeiyoeea?noue aeeoeiith caoeiaeo
a?aei?iiinoae oa ?ioiiaoe?eii-aiioe?eii? noi?iie ??aeii? iiae
i?ioiaeeoue aeoeaia canai?iiy na?oiaeyaeo e iaioaeueiino? ??aeiiai
ia?iaeo. I?ia?aeiei i?eeiiii i?e oeueiio a/aiee aaaaea? niinoa?aaeaiiy
ca i?aaeeueiith aeiiaith caoe?a oa aiae?c oiiaoe/ieo yaeu. Cia/iee
aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy o/i?a iaae yaeuaie ?
oaeoaie iiae c?iaea Nooiieeinueeee A. No/ani? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe ?iaeeei
E., Oii?oaiei I., Oaeethe A. ?icaeioee e oaeineiiaeeee iaoiae
niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae iiaith. A ?acoeueoao? niinoa?aaeaiiy oe?iei
aeei?enoiao?oueny a oe?euei?e i?aeoeoe?. ?.Ia??iei ia?aeiio?, ui
na?aeiiiio canai?iith o/iyie ii/aoeiaeo eean?a oiiaoe/ieo iiiyoue
ni?eythoue ai?aae ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iieiaeaiiyi iiaioai?/eo i?aai?a,
aecia/aiiy i?noey ? niiniao oai?aiiy eiaeiiai caoea, cia?aaeoaaeueia
ae?yeuei?noue, ?ic??ciaiiy caoe?a ca aeiiiiiaith ci?iaiai neiaiea (?enee
? e?aiee), eiaeiiaeaiia eiaiiaaee/ia ?iaioa.

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.5. “Oi?ioaaiiy a iieiaeoeo oeiey??a iiiyooy i?i
/anoeie iiae” aiae?co?oueny Ia??ieiaa iiceoe?y uiaei na?aeiiiai
aieiae?iiy nea?aaie ??aeii? iiae oa eiai aieea ia ?icaeoie ieneaiiy ?
iiaeaiiy o/i?a, oi?iiy noaaeeoe ca iiaiei i?ioeanii ? ea?oaaoe iei.
Ine?eueee /a?ac neiai aeeoeia aoiaeeoue o noa?o aeooiaiiai aeeooy
ia?iaeo, oi iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? oi?ioaaiiy a iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a oyaeaiiy i?i neiai oa ?ic?yaee ne?a, ia’?aeiai? ni?eueieie
a?aiaoe/ieie iciaeaie, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ni?euei?noue ?o naiaioeee.
I?ia?aeiei e?iaaiiaoiaee/iei iieiaeaiiyi Ia??ieiai? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy
/anoei iiae ? iieiaeaiiy i?i aeioe?euei?noue aca?iiiia`ycaiiai aea/aiiy
iiae?aieo iiaieo yaeu. O ii/aoeiaeo eeanao, aaaaea? a/aiee, iiaeiai aooe
oaeee ii?yaeie aea/aiiy /anoei iiae, i?e yeiio o/i? ia?aoiaeyoue a?ae
caaaeueiiai iciaeiieaiiy c? an?ia /anoeiaie iiae aei ie?aiiai aea/aiiy
eiaeii? eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ii? a?oie. Oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?.Ia??iea
i?i aea/aiiy ciai? noiaeeo iiaieo yaeu iii/anii ? o aca?iica`yceo
aeeaeoue iaoiae oe?oiiaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo iaeeieoeue, yeee aea?
iiaeeea?noue aeeoei?, iaieiae?aath/e ia?acii-ci?noii, iinooiiai
caaaa/oaaoeny neeaaeiaeie oeeo ciaiue.

Iaeiei ?c i?ia?aeieo caaaeaiue aea/aiiy /anoei iiae ? ?icaeoie oniiai ?
ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy o/i?a, caaaa/aiiy neiaieeiaiai caiano ae?oae iiaeie
?iaiieeaie, i?eeiaoieeaie, ae??neiaaie, ooi/iaiiy cia/aiiy ne?a, yeeie
ae?oe ei?enooaaeeny ?ai?oa, ?icaeoie oi?iiy oi/ii aaeeaaoe neiaa o
ca`yciiio iiaeaii?. Aeey oni?oiiai ?ica`ycaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue ?.Ia??iei
?aeiiaiaeo? a i?ioean? aea/aiiy /anoei iiae i?iaiaeeoe ?iaioo iaae
neiii?iaie, aioii?iaie, ai?oaoaie, iciaeiieoe o/i?a ?c aaaaoicia/i?noth
ne?a, aaeeaaiiyi neiaa o i?yiiio oa ia?aiiniiio cia/aii?. Oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy ?.Ia??iea i?i aea/aiiy iiae a ia?ic?eaiiio ca`yceo c oi?iiyi
aeneiaethaaoe aeoieo ciaoiaeyoue aena?oeaiiy o oaa?aeaeaiiyo
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy iiaieo yaeu
(oeiea aeaae. Aaooeaiei I., Iaeaia? E., i?ae?o/ieee ca ?aae. Eiiiiaiea
I., iaoiaeeea ca`yciiai iiaeaiiy Aa?caoeueei? E.)

O i?ae?icae?e? 3.6. aiae?co?oueny Ia??ieiaa nenoaia aeoiaaiiy ii/oooy
e?ane neiaa ia iaoa??ae? ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy. “Iiaoe/i? i?eeeaaeee”,
aaaaea? ?.Ia??iei, aeieeee ?acii ?c aeieeiaiiyi ethaenueei? aeoiee:
“Ethaeeia ii/aaoe aeoiaoe, ua c ia?aia?eo ii/aea aiia oai?eoe e ai?oaoe,
oeaaoi aeaaaoe a?aeiia?ae? ia ieoaiiy yeee? i?i o? i?aaeiaoe, ui ??
ioi/oaaee. Ia?iaeia aeoiea iaaieiii oai?eea ai?oaoe, ?o ia?aaeaaaee c
iieie?iiy a iieie?iiy, ? aaaaoi c ieo ae?eoee aae aei ian a ia?iaeieo
i?niyo, eaceao, iiaia??eao ? o.?i. Oe? ai?oaoe c a?aii /ano caeai`yi?ee
? ie caaii ?o noaeeie”. ?.Ia??iei ia?aeiio?, ui noae? ai?oaoe aeeaiei
aeyaeythoue na?oiaeyae ia?iaeo, aeacothoue ia nooi?iue ?icaeoeo eiai
aeoiee, ia aeeaeio eiai eoeueoo?e, ciaeueiaothoue ?noi??th ia?iaeiiai
aeoiaiiy. Iai?eeeaae, a ai?oaoao ?c eicaoeueeeo aeoi a?aeia?aceeiny
na?oia?ae/oooy oa na?oiaa/aiiy caii??cueeeo eicae?a.

O ?icoi?ii? iaaeaaiaa, ?icaeoie aea?o neiaa a?aeaoaa?oueny ia ?iaeoa, ye
caaaeyee ai?aaeyiith. A?i aecia/a? aeiiae aei ai?aaeyiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia
ai?iiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe a iiaeaii? ai?oaoe: ai?aaeyiiy iiaeii? aooe
ona?aeiieaieie, nenoaiaoe/ieie, nenoaiieie, eia?/ieie, ye onieie, oae ?
ienueiiaeie, iaeiae oni? iiaeii? ia?aaeoaaoe ienueiiaei. Aeey iiyniaiiy
e ia??oiooaaiiy aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioe?? iciaeiieaiiy oeiey??a c
ai?oaoaie a/aiee aeei?enoiao? oe?a?inueeee oieueeei? oa e?au?
e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea.

Iaoiaeeeith ?.Ia??iea ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aea/aiiy ai?oao?a o o?e aoaie. Ia
ia?oiio aoai? a/aiee ?aaeeoue i?iaanoe anooiio aan?aeo aei oaie,
aeooae?coaaoe iii?i? ciaiiy o/i?a, aeaoe iiiyooy ai?oaoa; aena?oeeoe
ei?ioeo ?noi??th eiai aeieeiaiiy; ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe noae? oa “icaeiai?”
ai?oaoe; i?iaiae?coaaoe oe? ai?oaoe o ia?iaeieo oai?ao ? oai?ao
oe?a?inueeeo iiao?a. Ae?oaee aoai, ia aeoieo Ia??iea, iiaeiai iaoe oae?
eiiiiiaioe: iiaoi?aiiy aea/aiiai; ona?aeiieaiiy iciae neeaaeaieo
ai?oao?a o oai?ao oe?a?inueeeo oa aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo iiao?a. Ia
o?aoueiio, i?aenoieiaiio, aoai? o/i? ai?aaeythoueny o aecia/aii?
ai?oao?a oa ?o i?eiaeaaeiino? aei iaaii? nenoaiii? a?oie;
a?aeiia?aeathoue ia caieoaiiy, ui aeiiiiaaathoue o/eoaeaa? ia?aa??eoe
??aaiue canai?iiy oeiey?aie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo.

O ?icae?e? ia??oioiao?oueny cia/ei?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai ?.Ia??ieii
aca?iiiia’ycaiiai aea/aiiy a oeie? an?o noi??i iiae /oiiaoe/ii?,
eaene/ii?, a?aiaoe/ii?, neiaioai?/i?/, ?aae?caoe?y yeiai noai?th?
iaoeiao iniiao aeey ona?aeiieaiiy oeiey?aie iiae ye neeaaeiiai yaeua, ui
?icaeaa?oueny ? ia? aaaii? noi?iie, ye? aca?iiae?thoue i?ae niaith. Oea
iieiaeaiiy i?iaeoo? i?eeiie ? iaoiaee ?icaeaaeueiiai iaa/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Ona?aeiieaiiy iniaeeainoae naiai ia?iaeo, oa?aeoa?ieo aeanoeainoae
eiai aaea/? oa ieneaiiy ia? ia?oi?yaeia cia/aiiy aeey eiaeiiai, ooi
?aeaioeo?eo? naaa c oeei ia?iaeii. A iniia? iiaiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue
?aaia Ia??iea i?eioeei ?aeiino? iiae ? ineo?ee ia?iaeo, ?o aca?iiaieea ?
aca?iicaeaaei?noue. Nenoaiiee aiae?c o/aiei oieueeei?ieo ? e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae aeeneo/a i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaoeia?noue oeueiai i?eioeeio ? ?
?noioiei aianeii aaoi?a a ?icaeoie ineoie?iaa?noeee.

2. A ???a?o?? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea /?eueia i?noea
iin?aea? ?aeay i?i oa, ui ii??aiyeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoi?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ineoio?c?ieia??, eoai?oeaieo i?ioean?a, iai’yo?, aiioe?e,
iiae, eoeueoo?ieia?/i? canaaee aea/aiiy neiaie?/iiai na?oo e oe?ii?nieo
i???ioaoe?e ia?iaeii? eoeueoo?e aeathoue ciiao aecia/eoe
iaeiioeiaeuei?o? oeyoe, iaoiaee e caniae aieeao ia iiaio iniaeno?noue —
i?aaenoaaieea iaaii? iaoe??.

3. ?noi?eci o iaa/aii? ??aeii? iiae – iaeia c i?ia?aeieo
e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo ?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea. O ca`yceo c oeei, o ci?no
iaa/aiiy aaiaeyoueny: oe?eaa? a?aeiiino? c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae,
?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? e?iaa?noeee, ?noi?e/ii? a?aiaoeee, ?noi???
Oe?a?ie, yne?aa? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i aeaeaoieo o/aieo-iiaiciaaoe?a.

4. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia eiioeaioe?y aea/aiiy ??aeii? iiae ye yaeua, yea
iino?eii ?icaeaa?oueny, i???ioo? ia noai?aiiy i?eeii?a ? iaoiae?a
?icaeaaeueiiai iaa/aiiy. O i?ioean? canai?iiy e?iaa?noe/iiai iaoa??aeo
a/aiee ?aeiiaiaeo? ia cao/oaaoe, a inieneaii noaaeoe o/iy a neooaoe?th
iiooeo (/iio?).

5. Eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ?aaia Ia??iea
i?iaeoothoue ?aea? iniaeno?nii i???ioiaaiiai iaa/aiiy, ine?eueee a ieo
a?aoiaothoueny ia o?eueee a?eia? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?, aea e
iaoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? o/iy.

6. A e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i?e nenoai? ?aaia Ia??iea ina?oi? caaaeaiiy, ui
noaaeoue iaaeaaia, o?nii ia?aie?oathoueny c aeoiaieie caaaeaiiyie ? a
eiiieaen? noai?ththoue iaeio iaiiae?eueio ?aei?noue. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia
nenoaia ?aaia Ia??iea ? i?aeoe/iith oeieith iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai
aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

7. Aeeaeaeoe/i? i?aoe? ?aaia Ia??iea aeathoue i?aenoaae aecia/eoe iaeei
?c aaaeeeaeo i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae no/anii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe —
i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy ia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?ee c ?acoeueoaoaie iia?oi?o
aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? e?iaa?noeee, e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee, aoiiineoieia??,
a?eiai? ineoieia??, ui oi?io? a noa’?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano
aaeaeaaoia a?aeia?aaeaiiy caaaeueiiethaenueeiai /a?ac i?ecio
iaoe?iiaeueiiai, nueiaiaeaiiy — /a?ac ieioea.

8. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ?aaia Ia??iea i?i acaciiiia’ycaia aea/aiiy a
oeie? an?o noi??i iiae /oiiaoe/ii?, eaene/ii?, a?aiaoe/ii?,
neiaioai?/i?/, ciaoiaeyoue aena?oeaiiy o oaa?aeaeaiiyo
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy iiaieo yaeu, yeee
ioiieth? an? eaiee iiaii? ina?oe (? ??aeii?, ? nii??aeiaii?) oa an?
a?eia? eaoaai???.

9. Ii??aiyeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy iiaieo yaeu, cai?iiiiiaaiee
?aaiii Ia??ieii, — e?auee niin?a canai?iiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a?e?iaaaie.
Aena?oeaiiy yaeu oe?a?inueei? iiae c iii?ith ia ciaiiy ?in?enueei? ?
aeooaeueiei aeey ?in?enueeiiiaieo a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie oa a?iiaaeyi
oe?a?inueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy no?aeii? ae?anii?e e o iao /an. Ie?aei?noue
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue Ia??iea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?ic?iaeith iieiaeaiiy
i?i ii??aiyeueiee iaoiae aea/aiiy aeecueeinii??aeiaii? iiae.

10. Ine?eueee aeey naiai ii?iaeueiiai ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo eiaeia aeeoeia
iio?aaoth ??aeiiiiaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o, aeae?eaia ?aaiii
Ia??ieii i?iaeaia iaiao?aeiino? ae?iaeaiiy noaa?eueii? aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee uiaei i?aeianaiiy ?ie? oa cia/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a aeeoo?
noni?euenoaa aeooaeueia e nueiaiaei?. Oiio aeo?aei? iieiaeaiiy «Iaoee
i?i ??aeiiiiai? iaia’ycee» ?aaia Ia??iea, ia?ainieneai? c iiceoe?e
nueiaiaeaiiy, ne?ae ni?yioaaoe ia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ii?iae?caoe??
oe?a?inueei? iiae ye aea?aeaaii? a oiiaao iiaiai noni?eueiiai aoooy.

11. Ae??oaeueia ?ieue o aeoiaaii? e iaa/aii? ae?oae iaeaaeeoue
o/eoaeaa?, yeee, e??i iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe, iiaeiai iaoe ni?aaaei?e
o/eoaeuenueeee oaeaio ? aaaeaiiy naiia?aeaeaii i?aoethaaoe a ?i’y
iaeaooiueiai nai?? A?o/ecie.

Oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee a/aiiai, ye ? eiai i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a
aaeocyo aoiiineoieia??, ineoie?iaa?noeee, e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ia ao?aoeee
nai?? cia/eiino? e o iao /an. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
?aeae ?aaia Ia??iea a?aee?eaathoue iiaeeeaino? aeey oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo
iiaeyae?a ia ci?no, iaoo, caniae ? iaoiaee no/anii? e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii?
iaoee.

Aaaaea?ii, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? niaaeueie a/aiiai ?
a?aooaaiiy iaeoe?ii?oeo, ni?acao/ieo iao?e ae?eniino? aeoiie ia? aaaiia
cia/aiiy aeey iaa?oioiaaii? eiioeaioe?? no/anii? oe?a?inueei? oeiee a
ia??iae ?icaoaeiae Oe?a?ie, aeooiaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?? ia?iaeo.

NIENIE IIOAEIEIAAIEO I?AOeUe:

1. Ia?iaeiinoue — i?iaiaeiee i?eioeei eiiaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii? niaaeueie
Iaaia Iai?iea //Iaoa?iaee Iiaeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?
”O?aaeeoei? aeoiaaiiy o naioiaie ia?iaeiie iaaeaaiaioei”.-*.1.-
Ee?a-?iaia.- 1995.-N.196-198.

2. Ca’ycie iiae i aeooiaiinoi a inoi?eei-?aeiaieiie eiioeaioei? Iaaia
Iai?iea //Iaoa?iaee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?
“Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeiciaanoai i i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy
o/iia”.-*.1.-Iaaii-O?aieianuee.-1995.-N.31-35.

3. sse aiie ia?aoai?thaaee ian o «?aaeyinueeee ia?iae»
//Aecaii.-1995.-?12.-N.98-100.

4. Iaai Iai?iei i?i aeio?enoeyinueei ai?oaaiiy oa ?o aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
aoiiineoieiai? oe?a?ioey //Ia?iaeiciaa/i cioeoe.-1995- ?4.-N. 209-212.

5. Iaaeaaiai/iee ciino «?iaeiiiiaieo iaia’yceia” Iaaia Iai?iea
//Ia?iaeiciaa/i cioeoe.- Euea?a,1997.- ?6.-N.397-400.

6. Eiiaaiaeeaeaeoe/ii oa aea?aeaaioai?/i canaaee Iaaia Iai?iea a
eiioeaioei? aeieeiaiiy i ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? eioa?aoo?ii? oa
aiai?eiai? iiae //Ia?iaeiciaa/i cioeoe.- Euea?a,1998.-?1.-N.

7. Aeoiaaiiy ii/oooy e?ane neiaa, ia iaoa??ae? ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy a
iaaeaaia?/i?e niaaeuei? ?aaia Ia??iea. //Iaoea ? no/ani?noue Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – E.,1998.-N.4-10.

AIIOAOe??

A?eaiae I.N. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/i? ?aea? ?aaia Ia??iea. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02- oai??y oa iaoiaeeea aeeeaaeaiiy
(oe?a?inueei? iiae).- Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?noi?eei-iaoiaee/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi e?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ieo
?aeae ?.Ia??iea (Ieo?iiieeoa ?ea??iia). A ?iaio? aena?oeaii ieoaiiy
ca`yceo iiae ? ineo?/ieo iniaeeainoae oe?a?inueeiai aoiino a eiioeaioe??
a/aiiai. Iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee ?.Ia??iea aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaaeaaia?/iiai i?ioeano a no/ani?e oeie?.
?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey ao?eaiiy ?aeae e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeee a/aiiai
a iaoiaeeoe? aeeeaaeaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae c o?aooaaiiyi aeooaeueieo
i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaiiai aeoiaaiiy. Ii?aoeueiaaia iecea iiaeo
i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue, ui iiaeooue iaoe aaaiia cia/aiiy aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiai? eiioeaioe?? no/anii? iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee a ia??iae
?icaoaeiae Oe?a?ie, aeooiaiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?? ia?iaeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeea, aoiiineoieia?y, i?eioeeie iaa/aiiy,
iiaia ina?oa, iaoe?iiaeueii-iiaia aeoiaaiiy.

Hryvnak I.S. The linguodidactic ideas of Ivan Ohiyenko. Manuscript.

Thesis for the scolarly degree of a Candidate of Pedagogy, the
speciality 13.00.02 – theory and methodlogy of teaching (the Ukrainian
language). – Mykhailo Drahomanov National Pedagogical University, Kyiv,
1999.

The dissertation presents a historical and methodological research into
the linguodidactic ideas of Ivan Ohiyenko /Metropolitan Ilarion/. It
elucidates the problem of interrelation between language as a system and
the ethnopsychology of the Ukrainians as viewed by scolar. Duly
substantiated is the implementing of I.Ohienko’s ideas in the teaching
process to enhance the latter’s effectiveness for school of today. Ways
of introducing the scholar’s linguodidactic ideas into the methods of
teaching Ukrainian have also been recommended by the researcher, with
due regard to the topicality of national-language upbringing. A number
of qualitatively new approaches essential to scientifically
conceptualize the idea of the Ukrainian national school coupled with the
spiritual revival of the Ukrainians in the period of nation-building
have been elaborated.

Key words: linguodidactics, ethnopsychology, methods of teaching,
lingual education, national-language upbringing.

A?uaiae I.N. Eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneea eaeae Eaaia Iaeaiei. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02- oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey
(oe?aeineiio ycueo). – Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony enoi?eei-iaoiaee/aneei enneaaeiaaieai
eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneeo eaeae Eaaia Iaeaiei /Ieo?iiieeoa Eeea?eiia/. A
?aaioa inaauai aii?in nayce ycuea e ineoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae oe?aeineiai
yoiina a eiioeaioeee o/aiiai. E.Iaeaiei n/eoaao, /oi ?aciua ycuee ia
oieueei ii-?aciiio iacuaatho iaeei e oio aea i?aaeiao, ii e ii-?aciiio
iieacuaatho aini?eyoea yoiai i?aaeiaoa, iineieueeo “ycue — naiia yniia
au?aaeaiea iaoae ineoeee. Yoi naiay ia?aay io?aia iaoaai ineoe/aneiai
ss” (Iaeaiei. Oe?aeineay eoeueoo?a). Ionthaea aiaaonoai, aeaeinoue,
iaiaeiiia?aciinoue, aa?iiie/iinoue, i?inoioa e yniinoue a i?ieciioaiee,
ia?aciinoue, iiyoe/iinoue oe?aeineiai ycuea, aiaaoiai iaoaoi?aie,
ia?niieoeeaoeeyie, yieoaoaie, eiaiaie nouanoaeoaeueiuie e eiaiaie
i?eeaaaoaeueiuie a oiaiueoaiiie oi?ia, aeoaeiaie o?acaieiaee iaoneiaeaiu
niaoeeoeeie oe?aeineiai iuoeaiey, ie?iaini?eyoey e ie?iiuouaiey. Iiyoiio
a ea?a?oee eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneeo eaeae Eaaia Iaeaiei aeaaiia ianoi
ioaiaeeony eaeaa i oii, /oi n?aaieoaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey yoie/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae ineoioeceieiaee, eiaieoeaiuo i?ioeannia, iaiyoe, yiioeee,
ycuea, eoeueoo?ieiae/aneea iniiau eco/aiey neiaiee/aneiai ie?a e
oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee ia?iaeiie eoeueoo?u aeatho aiciiaeiinoue
ii?aaeaeeoue iioeiaeueiua iaoiaeu e n?aaenoaa aeeyiey ia ycueiaoth
ee/iinoue – i?aaenoaaeoaey ii?aaeae?iiie iaoeee.

Enoi?eci a eco/aiee ?iaeiiai ycuea – iaeia ec aaaeoueo
eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneeo eaeae Eaaia Iaeaiei. A nayce n yoei, a
niaea?aeaiea eco/aiey aaiaeyony: eioa?aniua naaaeaiey ec enoi?ee
oe?aeineiai ycuea, ?acaeoey oe?aeineie eeiaaenoeee, enoi?e/aneie
a?aiiaoeee, enoi?ee Oe?aeiu, y?eea niiauaiey i auaeathueony
o/aiuo-ycueiaaaeao. Eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneay eiioeaioeey eco/aiey ?iaeiiai
ycuea eae yaeaiey, eioi?ia iinoiyiii ?acaeaaaony, i?eaioe?oao ia
nicaeaiea i?eaiia e iaoiaeia ?acaeaathuaai iao/aiey. A i?ioeanna
onaiaiey eeiaaenoe/aneiai iaoa?eaea o/aiue ?aeiiaiaeoao ia cao/eaaoue, a
niciaoaeueii noaaeoue o/aieea a neooaoeeth iienea (ii/aio ?).

Eiioeaiooaeueiua iieiaeaiey eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee Eaaia Iaeaiei i?iyeoe?otho
eaeae ee/iinoii-i?eaioe?iaaiiiai iao/aiey, iineieueeo caeanue
o/eouaathony ia oieueei aic?anoiua e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua, ii e
iaoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe o/aieea.

A eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneie nenoaia Eaaia Iaeaiei ia?aciaaoaeueiua
caaeaiey, eioi?ua noaaeo iaaeaaia, oanii ia?aieaoaiu n ainieoaoaeueiuie
caaeaieyie e a eiiieaena nicaeatho iaeii iaaeaeeiia.
Eeiaaiaeeaeaeoe/aneay nenoaia Eaaia Iaeaiei yaeyaony i?aeoe/aneie oeieie
iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai ainieoaiey o/aieeia.

Aeeaeaeoe/aneea o?oaeu Eaaia Iaeaiei aeatho iniiaaiey ii?aaeaeeoue iaeei
ec aaaeiuo i?eioeeiia iino?iaiey nia?aiaiiiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey – i?aaie/aneay naycue ia?iaeiie iaaeaaiaeee n ?acoeueoaoaie
iiauo enneaaeiaaiee a iaeanoe eeiaaenoeee, eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee,
yoiiineoieiaee, aic?anoiie ineoieiaee, eioi?ay oi?ie?oao a noaueaeoia
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna aaeaeaaoiia ioia?aaeaiea
iaua/aeiaa/aneiai neaicue i?ecio iaoeeiiaeueiiai, naaiaeiyoiaai- neaicue
i?ioeia.

Oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey Eaaia Iaeaiei i acaeiinaycaiiii eco/aiee a
oeiea anao noi?ii ycuea (oiiaoe/aneie, eaene/aneie, a?aiiaoe/aneie,
neiaioai?eoaeueiie) inaauathony a iieiaeaieyo
ooieoeeiiaeueii-eiioieeaoeaiiai iiaeoiaea e eco/aieth ycueiauo yaeaiee,
eioi?ue ioaaouaaao ana caaiuey ycueiaiai iao/aiey ( e ?iaeiiai, e
aeecei?iaenoaaiiiai) e ana aic?anoiua eaoaai?ee.

N?aaieoaeueiue iiaeoiae e eco/aieth ycueiauo yaeaiee, i?aaeeiaeaiiue
Eaaiii Iaeaiei – eo/oee niinia onaiaiey oe?aeineiai ycuea aeeeiaaaie.
Inaauaiea yaeaiee oe?aeineiai ycuea n iii?ie ia ciaiea ?onneiai
yaeyaony aeooaeueiui aeey ?onneiycu/iuo a?aaeaeai Oe?aeiu e a?aaeaeai
oe?aeineiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey ainoi/iie aeeanii?u a iaoa a?aiy.
?acoeueoaoeaiinoue oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee Iaeaiei iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony
?ac?aaioeie iieiaeaiey i n?aaieoaeueiii iaoiaea eco/aiey
aeecei?iaenoaaiiiai ycuea.

Iineieueeo aeey naiaai ii?iaeueiiai ineoieiae/aneiai ?acaeoey eaaeaeue
?aaaiie ioaeaeaaony a ?iaeiii ycueiaii eioi?iaoeeiiiii i?ino?ainoaa,
auaeaeaiiay Eaaiii Iaeaiei i?iaeaia iaiaoiaeeiinoe au?aaioee noaaeeueiie
ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee i iiauoaiee ?iee e cia/aiey oe?aeineiai ycuea
a aeecie iauanoaa aeooaeueia e naaiaeiy. Iiyoiio auoiaeiua iieiaeaiey
“Iaoee i?i ??aeiiiiai? iaia`ycee” Eaaia Iaeaiei, ia?ainiuneaiiua n
naaiaeiyoieo iiceoeee, neaaeoao iai?aaeoue ia oniaa?oainoaiaaiea
iaoaiecia ii?iaeecaoeee oe?aeineiai ycuea eae ainoaea?noaaiiiai a
oneiaeyo iiaiai iauanoaaiiiai auoey.

Ii?aaeaeythuay ?ieue a ainieoaiee e iao/aiee aeaoae i?eiaaeeaaeeo
o/eoaeth, eioi?ue, e?iia iaaeaaiae/aneiai ia?aciaaiey, aeieaeai eiaoue
ianoiyuee o/eoaeueneee oaeaio e aeaeaiea naiiioaa?aeaiii ?aaioaoue ai
eiy aoaeouaai naiae ?iaeeiu.

A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaaii eniieueciaaiea eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeee E.Iaeaiei
aeey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe iaaeaaiae/aneiai i?ioeanna a nia?aiaiiie
oeiea. ?ac?aaioaii ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey aiaae?aiey eaeae o/aiiai a
iaoiaeeea i?aiiaeaaaiey oe?aeineiai ycuea n o/aoii aeooaeueiuo i?iaeai
iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaiai ainieoaiey. Eco/ai ?yae iiauo i?eioeeieaeueiuo
iieiaeaiee, eioi?ua iiaoo eiaoue nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea aeey oi?ie?iaaiey
iao/iie eiioeaioeee nia?aiaiiie iaoeeiiaeueiie oeieu a ia?eiae
iino?iaiey Oe?aeiu, aeooiaiiai aic?iaeaeaiey aa ia?iaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eeiaaiaeeaeaeoeea, yoiiineoieiaey, i?eioeeiu iao/aiey,
ycueiaia ia?aciaaiea, iaoeeiiaeueii-ycueiaia ainieoaiea.

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