IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO NOIAeICIAANOAA ?i.A. E?EINUeEIAI

OANNOIAO Iioaiiaae Iioaiiaae Iona Aaaeaeue — Oaooao

OAeE 801.8: 809.272 09

E?iaa?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y a?aai-ionoeueiainueeiai o?eieiaa 10 noie?ooy
Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ia iaoa??ae? eiai o?aeoaoo «O?ea ae-eoaa aa noiai
ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa »

Niaoe?aeuei?noue — 10.02.13

Iiae ca?oa?aeieo ia?iae?a Ac?? ? Ao?eee, aai?eaai?a Aia?eee oa
Aano?ae??

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?aeae?e? Aeecueeiai oa Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo ?inoeoooo
noiaeiciaanoaa ?i. A.E?einueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — Aiaiiieia Ieaenaiae? A?eoi?iae/, eaiaeeaeao
o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo Aeecueeiai oa
Na?aaeiueiai Noiaeo ?inoeoooo noiaeiciaanoaa ?i. Aaaoaiaaea E?einueeiai
IAI Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

I?oeo?ia Aaeoa?ae Ieeieaeiae/ — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e Aeecueeino?aeieo iia A?enueeiaiai Oi?aa?neoaoo IAN ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe??.

Iao?iaa E?ae?y A???aia — eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee aeeeaaea/
eaoaae?e iia oa oeea?e?caoe?e Aeecueeiai Noiaeo ?inoeoooo No?ae — Cao?ae
Ee?anueeiai Aea?aeaaiiai E?iaa?noe/iiai Oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee Iaaeaaia?/iee Oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «__10__» _aa?aciy______ 1999 ?ieo i __10___
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.174.01. ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e o ?inoeooo? noiaeiciaanoaa ?i. A.E?einueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a — 1, aoe. I. A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
noiaeiciaanoaa ?i.A.E?einueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aae?ana: 252001, Ee?a — 1, aoe. I.A?ooaanueeiai, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «__2__» _ethoiai_________ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

E.A. Iaoa??aa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

A oiiaao ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy ?iicaiieo ?, cie?aia,
no?aeieo iia a Oe?a?i? iaaaeueiith ? iio?aaa ye?nii? i?aeaioiaee
eaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a, cie?aia, c a?aanueei? iiae. Iinoa? ieoaiiy
uiaei ?icoi?iiy aeaea?ae ? caaaeueiie?iaa?noe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae
iiaoaeiae no?oeoo?e iiaoaeiae a?aanueei? iiae, iaioe?iaiiee aianie o
oi?ioaaiiy yei? aiineoue oaenoieia?/iee aiae?c o?aeoaoo Aoiaaea ?ai
Oa?ena, aeaeaoiiai o?eieiaa ? i?aaiciaaoey 10 noie?ooy, ui iaeei c
ia?oeo c’ynoaaa ? aeeeaa iniiae a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa a oe?eiio ? iaa
aecia/aeueia cia/aiiy aeey i?ioeano ?o iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo aei iiiaioo
oi?ioaaiiy iiiyoo?aiai aia?aoo no/anii? a?aanueei? eoeueoo?e.

Ciaeiinoai c ??cieie ? a?aei?iieie a?ae ?a?iiaenueeiai i?aeoiaeaie aei
iaoeiaiai ciaiiy ia eeoa ia? caaaaoeoe a?o/eciyio iaoeo, aea ? a
eiioaeno? i?ioean?a ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aeiaae?caoe?? a?ae?a?a? ?ieue
aeiaeaoeiaiai oaeoi?o ia?aeiaeoaaiiy e neie?aoecaoe??
caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eieo oe?iiinoae a ii?aeueii-aoe/iiio ieai?.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii e?iaa?noe/io
eiioeaioe?th aeaeaoiiai na?aaeiueia?/iiai a?aai-ionoeueiainueeiai
o?eieiaa, a?aiaoenoa, th?enoa, oae?oa, iiaoa ? e?oa?aoi?a Aao-e-Oonaeia
Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena (918-1005). Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — iaoa??ae oaenoo
eiai iniiaiiai o?aeoaoo c iiaiciaanoaa «O?ea ae-eoaa aa noiai ae-a?aa o?
eaeai?aa» («Caeiie oa cae/a? a?aa?a o ?o iiaeaii?»).

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a? iaaaeueia iio?aaa aaaaeaiiy
o iaoeiaee ia?a cia/iiai ca e?euee?noth iaoa??aeo, ui eiai aoei
iaeiie/aii ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio noie?oue o i?aoeyo a?aanueeeo
e?iaa?no?a, aaaeeeaiai ia eeoa ye oaeo ?noi??? na?oiai? e?iaa?noeee, aea
? aeooaeueiiai c oi/ee ci?o no/aniiai a?aanueeiai ? caaaeueiiai
iiaiciaanoaa, ?noi??? oa oai??? eoeueoo?e.

Iaiao?aeii caoaaaeeoe, ui eiioeaioe?? aaoi?a o?aeoaoo, iiac oa, ui aiia
eeoaeanue ni?acao/iith nai?e aiin? ? aeia?aaeaeaea ?? a aeayeeo
iiiaioao, aoa aeanoeaee neie?aoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei caaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo,
ui oiiaeeeaeei ni?anoaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai o?aeoaoo c oaiaeaioe?yie
?ioaa?aoeaieo ?ica’ycaiue i?iaeai o no/ani?e cao?aei?e e?iaa?noeoe?,
?icoe?aiiy ?ioa?iiaiiai eiioaenoo ? ?icaeyae aocueeiniaoe?aeueieo
ieoaiue o yeiiiaa oe?oiio eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio e o?einionueeiio eeth/?.
A?aeoae, o eiioaeno? no/anii? aeooae?caoe?? ca’yce?a Noiaeo ? Caoiaeo,
?icaeoeo noiaeiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i? aea/aiiy oai?/ino? Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena
iaaoaa? iaaaeyeiai cia/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?iiiiiaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa cae?enith? aeaoaeueiee oaenoieia?/iee
aiae?c o?aeoaoo ?ai Oa?ena ia i?aenoaa? ni?anoaaeaiiy ?neainueeiai o?eao
? o?ea ae-eoaa (iiaiciaa/a aeieo?eia o?eao) ? aenoaa? oaco i?i
oeiieia?/io nii??aeiai?noue ? ?aei?noue oeeo aeaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo
nenoai.

Aeenna?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaoaeiaaia ia aeaoaeueiiio aiae?c?
ci?noo iniiaii? i?aoe? Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy ?
iiyniaiiy iiaeyae?a a/aiiai ia ianooii? i?iaeaie:

· iiaa-ii?ia, a?aiaoeea, iioiaeaeaiiy iiaeaiiy ethaeeie, i?noea
a?aanueei? iiae a eoeueoo?? a?aa?a, ie?ai? ieoaiiy a?aiaoe/iiai iieno;

· iaoeiaee iaoiae ? aca?iia?aeiineie iaoee i?i iiao c ?ioeie iaoeaie ?
eoeueoo?ith a oe?eiio;

· iiai? aniaeoe ?ica’ycaiiy ieoaiue ?ae?a?eii? aeieo?eie.

A?aeoae, iiaeia aeae?eeoe ianooii? iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· iiaa i?i/eoaiiy eeane/iiai aeey a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa o?aeoaoo
«O?ea ae-eoaa aa noiai ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa» a eiioaeno? no/anii? iaoee
i?i iiao;

· ni?anoaaeaiiy iiaeyae?a ?ai Oa?ena ia i?iiiiiaai? ieoaiiy c no/anieie
eiio oai??yie;

· aeyaeaiiy ia’?io naiino?eiiai aianeo ?ai Oa?ena a a?aanueea
iiaiciaanoai ?, cie?aia, a iaoiaeeeo iaoee;

· aeyaeaiiy ? ni?anoaaeaiiy iniia ? iaoiae?a, ui ?o canoiniaothoue o
?iaioao c ?neainueeiai o?eao ? a iaooe? o?ea ae-eoaa.

Iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy

Aeena?oaio ?icaeyaea? iaoa??ae aeaea?aea ca?aeii eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeo
oaenoieia?/iiai ni?anoaaeaiiy, aeanoeaiai aeey eeane/ii? a?aanueei?
o?aaeeoe??, ? aiaeii/an aeei?enoiao? iaoiae ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? no?oeoo?e
oaenoo, aeanoeaee aeey no/anii? e?iaa?noeee, ui aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
oe?ii?noue ?aeae Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena a eiioaeno? na?oiai? iaoee ?
eoeueoo?e.

I?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae coiiaeth? ? ianooiio no?oeoo?o ?iaioe. A yeino?
oai?aoe/ii? iniiae canoiniao?oueny oaenoieia?/ia ni?anoaaeaiiy ?
cae?enith?oueny aiae?c, ui a?oioo?oueny ia oa?i?iieia?/iiio ?
iaoiaeieia?/iiio aia?ao?, ui eiai aoei ?ic?iaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiyie ?ai
Aeaeeii? «ae-Oana?n», a 3 /., ?ai ai-Iaaeeia «O?a?eno», ao-Oaoeai?
«??oaae ae-ooooe», an-Naae?a? «O?ea ae-eoaa aa n??? ae-a?aa?ea»,
ae-Eaooaia «Iaaaoen o? oeoi ae-Eo?’ai», N?aaaaeaa «ae-E?oaa», a 2 /.,
?ai ae-Aiaa?? «Iocaao ae-aeaa», an-Noeoo? «ae-Iocae?», a 2 /., «Aoaeao
ae-aoao» a 2 /., «ae-?oeai», a 2 /. oa ?i.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Ia aeeaey/enue ia iniaeeaa i?noea, ui eiai iin?aeathoue i?aoe? ?ai
Oa?ena a a?aanuee?e iaooe?, ? aacoiiaio i?ea?iaeuei?noue /eneaiieo
aeneiaethaaieo iei ?aeae ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a, ianueiaiaei? a
cao?aei?e a?aa?noeoe? ia ?nio? niaoe?aeueieo iiiia?ao?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo eiai iniiaiiio o?aeoaoo «O?ea ae-eoaa aa
noiai ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa». Iaia? ?o ? a iaoe?iiaeueiiio a?aanueeiio
iiaiciaanoa?, yea, oei ia iaioa, oniaaeeoaaei aaniethoio a?eueo?noue
iiaeyae?a ?ai Oa?ena ia iaoiaee e?iaa?noe/iiai iieno. C oe??? oi/ee ci?o
aea/aiiy aeoie?a a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa ni?ey? i?ioeano aoiaeaeaiiy
a?aanueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? e?iaa?noe/ii? oeiee a na?oiao iaoeo i?i iiao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe

I?iiiiiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?y aoaea ei?eniith aeey iieiaeiai iaoeiaiai
eiioeiooio noiaeiciaaoe?a Oe?a?ie, ine?eueee aiia a?aee?eaa? cia/iee
ianea iaciaeiii? oe?a?inueeiio aeine?aeieeo eeane/ii? a?aaiiiaii?
o?eieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aia?oa a Oe?a?i? ?icaeyaea? aeecueeino?aeio
a?aaiiiaio ienueiiao o?aaeeoe?th o ni?aa?aeianaii? c iniiaaie
?neainueeiai i?aaiciaanoaa.

Aia?oa cae?eniaiee ia?aeeaae /eneaiieo a?aaiiiaieo oa?i?i?a, ui ia
iathoue aea?aaeaio?a o neia’yinueeiio iiaiciaanoa?, ni?eyoeia
iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? ?ic?iaee oa?i?iieia?/iiai aia?aoo
a?aanueei? e?iaa?noeee ? i?aaiciaanoaa.

Iaoa?eaee aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiaeaeooue i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy o
nooaeaio?a-noiaeiciaaoe?a, niaoe?ae?no?a c ao?ac?enueeiai ? caaaeueiiai
iiaiciaanoaa, ia?aeeaaea/?a ? an?o caoe?eaaeaieo ieoaiiyie a?aanueei?
eoeueoo?e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

sse aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy, oae ? iioae?eiaai? ca oaiith
aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoo? caeiaoaa/a i?iiiiothoue ? aeiaiaeyoue
i?aaii??i?noue aaoi?nueei? a?iioace i?i ni?aa?aeianai?noue ?neainueei?
i?aaiciaa/i? aeieo?eie ? a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa, yeo iioeiaeueii
oiai/iaii a oaeno? o?aeoaoo Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena. Naiino?ei?noue caaeoio ?
eiai ?aae?caoe?? caeiaoaa/ai i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue iiae?aiiai
?iaeo nooae?e ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? ia ?ioa?iaoeiaiio i?inoi?iaiio oa?ai?.
Eiioeaioe?th, ui ?? ie?aneaii oaiith aeena?oaoe??, ?aae?cothoue
iioae?eiaai? ca oaiith noaoo?, iaeio c yeeo i?aeaioiaaii aaoi?ii oe?eeii
naiino?eii, a aea? noai?aii ca ?aaeaeoe?eiith i?aeo?eieith iaoeiaiai
ea??aieea ? ae?oaeeie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

Iaoeia? a?iioace ? aeniiaee, iaaiai?thaai? o i?iiiiiaai?e
aeena?oaoe??, i?ieoee ai?iaaoe?th ia Ia?oeo I?aeia?iaeieo Iaoeiaeo
*eoaiiyo Aa. E?einueeiai, ui ?o aoei i?aai?ciaaii ?inoeoooii
noiaeiciaanoaa ?i. A.E?einueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie a i.Caaieai?iaeea
*a?eanueei? iaeano? 27-31.05.1997?., ? ia Ae?oaeo I?aeia?iaeieo
Iaoeiaeo *eoaiiyo A.E?einueeiai 8-12.06.1998?. a ii. Ee?a? ?
Caaieai?iaeoe?. I?iaeaio iaiaeii?aciai aoei iaaiai?thaaii ia iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao ?inoeoooo noiaeiciaanoaa ?i. A.E?einueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee oaeiae a?aeia?aaeaiiy o o?ueio
ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

?iaioa caaaeueiei ianyaii 190 noi??iie (?in?enueeith iiaith)
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeniiae?a ? o?ueio iniiaieo /anoei: 1.Iniiae ?
iaoiaeeea ionoeueiaineiai i?aaa (o?ea ae-?neai?). 2.Iniiae ? iaoiaeeea
o?ea ae-eoaa (iniia a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa). 3.E?iaa?noe/ia
eiioeaioe?y Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena.

Ia?oa /anoeia neeaaea?oueny c ianooiieo ?icae?e?a:
1.1.Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?neainueeiai o?eaa, eiai oai??? ? iaoiaeeee
(onoe ae-o?ea). 1.2.Iniiai? neeaaeieee onoe ae-o?ea. 1.3.Aeaea?aea
?neainueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. 1.4.Ae?yeuei?noue ioaeaeoaoeaea ? nenoaia
i?eioeei?a ?aeaeoeoaaeo. Ae?oaa /anoeia ?icaeyaea? oae? i?iaeaie:
2.1.Oaieia?/ia ? e?iaa?noe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ?ai Oa?ena a eiioaeno?
o?aaeeoe?? o?ea ae-eoaa. 2.2.Oa?i?iieia?y ?iaioe: iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiiyooy
o?ea a a?aanueeiio iiaiciaanoa? ? ?aae?caoe?y iiiyooy noiia.
2.3.Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie o?ea ae-eoaa. 2.4.Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
caeiiiaeaa/? aeaea?aea oa??aoo a o?ea ae-eoaa. 2.5.Eeaneo?eaoe?y
aeaea?ae iaoiaeo an-naia a a?aanuee?e a?aiaoeoe?. O?aoth /anoeio
i?enay/aii ianooiiei ieoaiiyi: 3.1.Aeaea?aea a?aanueei? e?iaa?noe/ii?
o?aaeeoe??. 3.2.Iniiai? oeiee a?aanueei? a?aiaoeee a eiioaeno? iaoeiai?
eiioeaioe?? ?ai Oa?ena. 3.3.Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoeiaiai iaoiaeo Aoiaaea ?ai
Oa?ena ia iniia? aiae?co eiai o?aeoaoo «an-Nao?a? o? o?eo ae-eoaa».
Aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiiaiaii ie?aii iiaeaiei ?a?no?ii c?a?aieo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue aaoi?a, aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeena?oaoe??th, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c 59 aeaea?ae. Aei ?iaioe oaeiae aeiaea?oueny nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e, ui iae?/o? aeecueei 280 iaca
a?aanueeith, ?in?enueeith, aiae?enueeith, o?aioeocueeith, i?iaoeueeith
iiaaie, iieaae/ee aeei?enoiaoaaieo oa?i?i?a ? oiiai? nei?i/aiiy.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii caaea/?
aeena?oaoe??, iiaeaii iaeyae iniiaii? e?oa?aoo?e uiaei i?aaeiaoo
aeena?oaoe??, iaaaaeaii aeaea?aea. Ia?oeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?aanueei?
e?iaa?noe/ii? aeoiee noaee eiiaioa?? aei nayuaiieo oaeno?a o Neaaaaeoe
«ae-K?oaa», ac-Caiaooa?? «ae-Mooannae», a 14 noie?oo? c’yaeeenue
eiiaioa?? ?ai Ae?ey aei a?aeiii? a??oiai? a?aiaoeee ?ai Iaeeea
«Aeo?eea»; ?yae iiiia?ao?e i?enay/aii aeeneon?yi aan??enueeeo ?
eoo?enueeeo a?aiaoee?a, ? na?aae ieo — i?aoey aaaaeaaenueeiai a/aiiai
Aao-e-Aa?aeaoa ?ai ae-Aiaa?? «ae-?inao»; ?iaioe a?ia?ao?/iiai oa?aeoa?o,
ui /anoi i?noeee ? ei?ioea ia?aiia?aeaiiy naieo aaoi??a: i?aoey
an-N??ao? «Aoaa? ai-iaaaaaeei ae-aan?aeei», ?ai ae-Aiaa?? «Iocoao
ae-aeaa», ?ai Oaee?eaia «Aaoaeao ae-aeai», Aeaeaeaeaaeae?ia an-Noeoo?
«Aoaeao ae-aoao» ? «ae-Iocae?» — eiii?eyoeaia i?aoey, ui i?noeoue
iiaeyaee a?aanueeeo a/aieo ia eaeneeieia?th ? eaeneeia?ao?th. Cia/ii
i?ci?o? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi ?a?iiaenuee? o?eieia?/i? o?aeoaoe A?eueaaeueia
Iinoaey (1501-1581) aeei?enoiaoaaee aeinyaiaiiy a?aanueeeo iiaiciaaoe?a
o ?iciiae?e? /anoei iiae ia ?i’y, ae??neiai ? /anoee, i?eaieinieo ia
ei?aiaa? oa ao?enaeuei?, ei?ai?a ia o?ueioeiiniiaioi? ?
/ioe?ueioeiiniiaioi?. 1608-1611 ??. Iaoa? E??noai aeaeaa o?ueiooiiio
a?aanueeo a?aiaoeeo, a aeine?aeaeaiiy O.??iai?ona, A.A??ai?ona,
ss.Aie?ona oa N.aea Nan? iciaeiieee ?a?iio c a?aanueeith eaeneeia?ao??th
? oiiaeeeaeee eiioai?iaoe?th a?aai-ionoeueiainueei? ? ?a?iiaenueei?
iaoee i?i iiao. Iica noii?aii, iiiyooy ei?aiy ? oeaen?? a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ui aaciina?aaeiuei ia?aaeoaaee noai?aiith i?eioeei?a
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iiai iiaiciaanoaa, iaee a?aanueea iioiaeaeaiiy. C
19no. aea/aiiy a?aanueei? o?eieia?? a ?a?ii? iaaoaa? nenoaiaoe/iino?:
oea ia?aaeaeaiiy oai?o Neaaaaeo? «ae-E?oaa»1. Neaaaaeo? I. Ae-E?oaa. —
Aae?oo, 3-aeae. 1410 ?.O. (1990).

, o?aeoao?a ac-Caiaooa??, ?ai Ea?oa, ?ai Oa?ena ?ai Oa?en Aoiaae. O?ea
ae-eoaa, aai an-Nao?a? o? o?ea ae-eoaa aa noiai ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa.-
Aae?oo -Ia?eae, 1963., ?ai Aeaeeii?, ae-Aiaa??, an-Noeoo? ? iaea?eueoeo
na?aaeiueia?/ieo neiaiee?a; i?aoe? c oiiaoeee — iiiia?ao??
A.Aaeeueieia, E.Oiea?na, A.Oaaaea, I.A?aaiaia, AE.Eaioeii, A.Oeaeoa,
O.Naiaaia, — ii?oieia?? e neioaeneno: aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Oeaeoa3.Fleisch
H. Introduction a l’etude des langues semitiques.- Paris, 1947., i?aoe?
A.I.Aaao/aia, I.Ea?oue??a. Cia/ia e?euee?noue iiiia?ao?e c
na?aaeiueia?/iiai a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa iioae?eiaaia a 20no.: oea
i?aoe? A?aaa, Ia?aie?ona, I?eeieniia (Aiae?y), TH.E?a/eianueeiai,
A.E?einueeiai E?uineee A. Eeanne/aneee a?aaneee ycue.-Nia.,1905.,
A.A.Oae?aeiaa Oaeeaeia A.A. A?aaneea ?oeiiene.-I.,1985., N.N.Iaecaey,
A.ss.Oeaeoa?a (N?N?), Aeaoa?a Blashere R. Reflexions sur le
developpement de la lexicographie arabe// ROMM.-1973.-3.-
13-14.-P.125-129., Ia?na, Ianeiueiia, Ia??a (O?aioe?y), Iaee?ii, Ean?
Aeaea A?aea, Aaa??ae? (?oae?y), ??ooa?a, Oaaaea (I?ia//eia). Ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe «?noi??th a?aanueei? e?oa?aoo?e» A?ieaeueiaia7. Brokelman K.
Geschichte des Arabische Literatur. (GAL). — Berlin, 1898-1902.

, cia/iee aianie a?aanueeeo aeine?aeiee?a Oaoee Aeaeoa, Oanaia Aaaana,
Ae? Aaaeaey Aao?aea Aao?; ia?ene c ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo a?aanueei? iiae
A.Oethaaey, iiiia?ao?? A.A??aana «Ia?en a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie a?aa?a», A.
Caaa?ioeaaa «?noi??y a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa», ?.I.O?eueooeinueeiai
«Neiaania ienoaoeoai a?aa?a a aeaaieio ? ?aii? na?aaeiueia?//y»,
N.Iaecaey «Oeyoe ?icaeoeo ei?aiaaiai oiiaeo nai?onueeeo iia», A.A.Oaaaey
«Iiaiee aniaeo iaoe?iiaeueieo i?ioean?a o a?aanueeeo e?a?iao».

Anoaiiaeaii, ui cae?enithaaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? aiae?c iaoeiai?
eiioeaioe?? a?aanueeiai aeine?aeieea oaieiaa, o?einioa,
iiaiciaaoey-a?aiaoenoa, th?enoa, oae?aa, iiaoa ? e?oa?aoi?a ae-Eaca?i?
a?-?ac? Aao ae-Oonaeia Aoiaaea a. Oa?ena a. Caea??y a. Iooaiiaaea a.
Oaa?aa, a?aeiiiai ye ?ai Oa?en, a eiioaeno? aaaaoia?eiai? a?aanueei?
a?aiaoe/ii? o?aaeeoe?? (AAO), ui ni?aaeea ae??oaeueiee aieea ia i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy no/anii? a?aanueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae (AEI, ?in. AEss) ?
noai?eea iniiao aeey onoaeaieo ia aeaiee iiiaio a a?aanueeiio na?o?
ii?i e iaoiae?a ?? iieno ? aeeeaaeaiiy, iaeiae, ia?aaeienaeueii, eeoa
inoaii?i /anii noaea i?aaeiaoii oaaaeiiai aiae?co o na?oiaiio
iiaiciaanoa?. AAO noaiiaeoue i?e?iaeiuei iaoiiaeaio caoe?eaaeai?noue
aeey a?aa?no?a, ine?eueee aeiaeia c a?aiaoee a?aanueei? iiae, noai?aieo
cao?aeieie a/aieie, ia iiaea aeiiiee aooe ii??aiyiith c a?aanueeeie
na?aaeiueia?/ieie ? no/anieie, ui iathoue nai?i aeoieii AAO, aiaeiaaie
ca oe?ioith ioiieaiiy iiaiiai iaoa??aeo. Ia iaio oe?eaaei caea?oueny
aea/aiiy AAO ? aeey ?noi??? ? iaoiaeeee na?oiai? iaoee a oe?eiio.
Oni?oia aea/aiiy AAO ia?aaeaa/a? ia?a?ioa?i?aooaaiiy aai iiyniaiiy ??
ci?noo ? eiioeaiooaeueiiai aia?aoo a c?icoi?eeo aeey a?o/eciyiiai
aeine?aeieea oa?i?iao cao?aeii? iaoee. Iniiai? i?iaeaie aaeaeaaoii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ci?noo AAO ye a oe?eiio, oae ? a ?? ie?aieo aeaoaeyo
(iai?eeeaae, i?iaeaie neioaeneno /e ii?oieia?? a?aanueei? iiae)
iia’ycai? eiia??ii c oei, ui AAO aeieeea ? noi?ioaaeanue a oiiaao
ie?aii?, ?ioi?, a?aei?iii? a?ae ?a?iiaenueei?, eoeueoo?ii? o?aaeeoe??, a
ye?e iaoeiaa ciaiiy a oe?eiio caeiaei ?ioa i?noea ? aeeiioaaei oe?eeii
?ioo ooieoe?th. Oiio aeey aaeaeaaoiiai i?i/eoaiiy a?aanueeiai
e?iaa?noe/iiai oaenoo a?eueo?noth iaaeinoaoiuei caeeoaoenue a iaaeao
iaeiiai eeoa iiaiciaanoaa, iaiao?aeii caa?iooenue aei oe?ieiai eiioaenoo
an??? ionoeueiainueei? eoeueoo?e.

Aeaaa 1.Iniiae ? iaoiaeeea ionoeueiainueeiai i?aaa (o?ea ae-?neai?).

1.1. Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie ?neainueeiai o?eaa, eiai oai??? ?
iaoiaeieia?? (onoe ae-o?ea).

Ia?oa aeaaa aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?, ui c iiyaith iaeia?oeo
i?eeeaae?a ?neainueei? ienueiiai? o?aaeeoe??, yeei noaea ia?aaeon?i
iaeia?oa a?aaiiiaia eieaa ? Ienaiiy ionoeueiai — Ei?ai, «iao?? eiea»
(oii ae-e?oaa), ia?oiii/aoeiaee ?neainueeee eiiieaen aeieo?ei,
ii?aeueieo ? i?aeoe/ieo iinoaiia, aeoioeueiaaieo a noii?, ? oi?ioaaiiyi
ia oeueiio ii/aoeiaiio aoai? iaaieo ianoaiia, ui caiaeii ia?aoai?eee
Ei?ai a iino?eii iiioey?io ? iae/ano?oa /eoaio eieao, a/ai? iia’ycothoue
? iiyao nenoaiieo i?eioeei?a a/aiiy i?i caeii (oa??ao), iaa?aeae?eueiee
a?ae noiie (cae/ay, i?aeoeee), I?i?iea ? noni?euenoaa, ui caiaeii
io?eiaa iacao o?ea (aoeaaeueii: «ciaiiy caeiio»).

Eeth/iaeie oa?i?iaie ?iaioe ? oa?i?ie o?ea (o?ea ae-?neai?), onoe
ae-o?ea ? o?ea ae-eoaa. O?ea ye «?neainueea aeieo?eia i?i i?aaeea
iiaaae?iee ionoeueiai», aai oe?eee eiiieaen nioe?aeueieo ii?i, ioiieth?
e??i i?aaa a o?aaeeoe?eiiio ?a?iiaenueeiio ?icoi?ii? oaeiae a?aeiineie
a??oth/iai c Aiaii, oiaoi i?aaeea eoeueoo ? aeeiiaiiy ?ae?a?eieo
iaia’yce?a, a oaeiae ? ii?ie ii?ae?.

1.2. Iniiai? neeaaeieee onoe ae-o?ea.

Ine?eueee o?ea yaey? niaith oe?eo aeieo?eio, ui ?aaoeth? i?aeoe/ii
an? ae?yeuei?ni? aniaeoe, iia’ycai? c ?neaiii, eiai iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi
a?ae /ano aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo aoei anoaiiaeaiiy eiie?aoii-neooaoeaieo
iiaaae?ieiaeo ii?iaoea?a ? oiia ?o ?aae?caoe?? ye i?aaiai? aeieo?eie.

Iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia oa, ui a a?aanuee?e iaoeia?e ia?aaeeai?
iiiyooy ciaiiy /anoi aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycothoue c ae?yeuei?nieie
aniaeoaie (i?i cia/aiiy ia?e o?ea ? aiae (ciaiiy e ae?y) a ?neai? aeea.
?iocaioae ?iocaioae O. Oi?aeanoai ciaiey.- I., 1978.). Ciaiiy
caeiaoaathoue ia i?inoi ca?aaee ciaiiy, aea aeey ianooiieo iaoiiaeaieo
ae?e ca ianooiiith noaiith: ciaiiy — ?noeia — i?aaeeueiee a/eiie. Naia
iiiyooy a??e (?iai) a ?neai? a on?o aa??aioao eiai aecia/aiiy i?noeoue
iaia’yceiaee eiiiiiaio ae??.

I?aoe? ?neainueeeo i?aaiciaaoe?a aoee ia?aaaaeii ni?yiiaai? ia oa,
uia ioiieoe aanue iioaioe?eiee nienie cia/aiue ia?ai?iii? o?ea ae-?neai?
? aeaoe eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?o canoinoaaiith ii/eiath/e a?ae
??aiy iiaooiaeo a?aeiinei aei iie?oeee ? i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa.

1.3. Aeaea?aea ?neainueeiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

O?ea iiaoaeiaaii ia iinooeao?, ui Ei?ai e noiia i?yii /e
?iie?oeeoii i?noyoue o nia? a?aeiia?ae? ia aoaeue — ye? ieoaiiy, ui ?o
oaeeo (/e i?aaiciaaaoeue) ia? c ieo anoaiiaethaaoe ? aeoeoia/oaaoe.
O?ea, ui aeiee ia iniia? cae?aiiy oaaeen?a (iiia?aeae i?i aeneiaethaaiiy
e ae?yiiy I?i?iea), yaey? niaith aeieo?eio, ui aoea aeaoaeiaaia ia
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaeno?a. Oa, ui a/aieie-oae?oaie aoei aecia/aii o?e
iaeaieiai?oeo aeaea?aea o?eao: iaoea eaeai, a?aanueea iiaa, ui iana a
nia? aioo??oith no?oeoo?o iaee?iaaiue ?neaio, ? iinoaiiae,
?aaeaiaioiaai? nenoaiith oa??aoo, aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe o aeine?aeaeaii?
nenoaio eia?/ieo iine?aeiaiinoae iiaoaeiae oiiaeaaaeaiue onoe ae-o?ea
(oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?eaa): ii/aoeiao iinoaiiao ae-aaeai, ?? aeiaaaeaiiy
ae-aae?eea, oeyoe aeaiaeo oiiaeaaaeaiiy oo?oe ae-?no?iaao, iniaa, ui
ae?noa? oea oiiaeaaaeaiiy ae-ionoaia?o; aeyaeaii iaeaaaeeea?o? aeieacia?
aeaea?aea, ui aeicaieythoue aeaiaeeoe i?aaiii/i? th?eaee/i? ??oaiiy,
aecia/aii nooi?iue ?o aeieaciai? neee.

1.4. Ae?yeuei?noue ioaeaeoaoeaea ? nenoaia i?eioeei?a ?aeaeoeoaaeo.

*anoeia c’yniao? ?aaeaiaio aeaaaeaiiy ??oaiue noa’?eoii i?aaiai?
ae?yeueiino? ioaeaeoaoeaeii o aea/aii? ? ?ica’ycaii? ieoaiue
aiaineianueei-i?aaiaiai eiiieaeno ae-?aeaeo?oaae-“aeieeaaeaii? aaeeeeo
coneeue, iaiaaaiue”, ui iieyaa? o ia?aii?, ioe?ioe? ? aecia/aii?
ni?aa?aeianaiino? i?aaiaeo aeaea?ae, ia?aii? ? eeaneo?eaoe?? a?aoiaio?a
? iaoiae?a, eaco?noe/iiio ?icaeyae? ieoaiue ? ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo oei?a
oi?ioe ?o ?ica’ycaiiy, a o aeiaaeeo iani?aiaae?iiy oeeo ??oaiue c
?aaeuei?noth — iiooeo eiii?ii?n?a.

Ia /an iiyae aeine?aeaeaiue Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ?neainueea i?aaiciaanoai
aaea aeinyaei aenieiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo,a iiiyooy o?ea aaea i?oeii ca iei
onoaeeeinue; oiio canoinoaaiiy oa?i?io o?ea uiaei iiaiciaanoaa aecia/a?
iayai?noue eiioeaiooaeueii-iaoiaeieia?/iiai ia?aeae?cio i?ae aeania
o?eaii ? o?ea ae-eoaa a ?icoi?ii? ?ai Oa?ena, c’ynoaaiiy yeiai ?
neeaaea? i?aaeiao i?iiiiiaaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

*anoeia 2. Iniiae ? iaoiaeeea o?ea ae-eoaa (iniia a?aanueeiai
iiaiciaanoaa).

2.1. Oaieia?/ia ? e?iaa?noe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ?ai Oa?ena a eiioaeno?
o?aaeeoe?? o?ea ae-eoaa.

Ae?oaa /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeca/a?, ui, aac noii?ao, ?noioia
caoe?eaaeaiiy a ?aieao aeine?aeaeaiiy AAO noaiiaeoue aiae?c ia?aeiieo
iiiyoue, ui aecia/athoue naio iaoeo i?i iiao a a?aanuee?e o?aaeeoe??.
Iiae?ai? iiiyooy iia’ycai? c oeie ia?oiii/aoeiaeie ianoaiiaaie, ia yeeo
aoei aeaoaeiaaii aanue iiaeaeueoee i?ioean ?icaeoeo iaoee ia i?ioyc?
/eneaiieo noie?oue aei no/aniino?. Ia?aaeyae eiioaeno?a aaeeaaiiy oeeo
oa?i?i?a aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ia’?i ci?noo, ui eiai aeeaaeaii a
iiiyooy iaoee i?i iiao a aeine?aeaeoaai?e eoeueoo?? ca ie?aieo
?noi?e/ieo ia??iae?a, c’ynoaaoe oe?eueia? ianoaiiae aeine?aeiee?a, ?o
oe?ii?ni? e iaoiaee/i? i???ioe?e, a?ae yeeo a ?acoeueoao? iaei caeaaeaoe
i?eeiyooy iaaiiai ??oaiiy noiniaii iaa?oue a?eueo iiiaeeiieeo i?iaeai
iiaeaiaaiai iieno.

Aeo?aeia ieoaiiy i?iiiiiaaii? aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii?
i?noey a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa a eeth/iaiio aeey ?neaia
eiioeaiooaeueiiio ?yae?, ui eiai ae?aaeaii a naiiio aecia/aii? iiiyooy
a??e ye i?aaeeueiiai ?icoi?iiy aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?ia?iiy ia i?aenoaa?
ciaiiy i?aaeeueii? / ynii? / /enoi? iiae, yea, aeania, ? neeaaea?
i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeoaaiiai aeena?oaoe??th iiiyooy o?ea ae-eoaa a
naiaioe/iiio ia’?i? «iaaoooy ciaiiy» — «i?aaeeueia iiaaae?iea».

2.2. Oa?i?iieia?y ?iaioe. Iiaeeo?eaoe?? iiiyooy o?ea ? ?aae?caoe??
iiiyooy noiia.

A AAO ?niothoue aeaa iaecaaaeuei?oeo iiiyooy — ?ei ae-eoaa ? o?ea
ae-eoaa, i?e/iio caneoaa aaaaeaiiy a ia?a aia?oa inoaiiueiai iiiyooy
iaeaaeeoue ?ai Oa?enia? o iaca? eiai o?eieia?/iiai o?aeoaoo.

Ia aeaiee iiiaio ?icaeoeo iaoee caa?aaeaii aaciaa i?ioenoaaeaiiy
aeuacaaaeaieo iiiyoue: o?ea ae-eoaa ooieoe?iio? ye ia?eiaaiee /eai, yeee
iicia/a?, ui a ??ciiiai?oieo eiioaenoao eiai iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
ia?oiii/aoeiaee ca iaoiaeii ? i?aaeiaoii uiaei iiaiciaanoaa, ?ei ae-eoaa
a oaeiio ?ac? — ye iaia?eiaaiee /eai, yeee iicia/a? iiiyooy aoaeue-yeiai
iiaiciaanoaa iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai iaoiaea ? caaaeaiue; o ca’yceo c
iaaiith ci?aaeueiaai?noth aeao?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iiiyoue o no/ani?e
a?aanuee?e e?iaa?noe/i?e o?aaeeoe?? aeena?oaoe?y i?iiiio? ?ei ae-eoaa
aeei?enoiaoaaoe o ca’yceo c aioo??oiueith iiaiith eiioai?iaoe??th
(a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai???, ii?oieia?/i? iieacieee), a o?ea ae-eoaa — aeey
a?eueo caaaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue eiiia?aoea?noe/iiai oa?aeoa?o.

Niaeo? iiiyooy noiia a a?aanueeiio neiaiaaeeaaii? i?e an?e oe?io?
naiaioeee o iiaiciaanoa? ? oaaeeniciaanoa? aaeeaa?oueny o cia/aii?
aaaeaeea “iaia’ycie, iaiao?aeia aeey aeeiiaiiy”. Caiae?ciaai?
?aaeaiaioa?i? ithaine naiaioeee iiiyooy ? aeao?ioaaiiy eiai iniiaiei
ci?noii iiiyooy noiiai ae-a?aa — o?aaeeoe?eii caa?aaeai? iniaeeaino?
a?aanueeiai iiaeaiiy.

2.3. Aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoie o?ea ae-eoaa.

Oa?i?i o?ea ae-eoaa ca nai?i ci?noii yaey? niaith eaoaai??th, yea
?icaeyaea? iiao ia?aaeon?i ye can?a caa?aaeaiiy ? ia?aaea/?
aiaeanoaaiiai nieneo, aeoioeueiaaiiai a ienueiiaeo aeaea?aeao, ye?
ianooue a nenoai? oa??aoo caeiiiaeaa/ee oa?aeoa?. I?iiiiiaaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ica’yco? caaea/o ?aeiino?oeoe?? e?eoa???a i?ioeano
i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co ? ii?iaeaeaiiy ??oaiue a o?ea ae-eoaa, ui ?o
iaeiaeiai iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe o iaio aaeocyo ciaiiy — i?aaiciaanoa? e
iiaiciaanoa?. O?ea ae-eoaa aeieea? ia?aaeon?i ye aeieo?eia —
i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?ic?iaie o?ea ae-?neai? a eiioaeno? iiaiciaanoaa — ?
caiaeii oi?io? aeanio ia?aaeeaio oa?i?i?a ? iiiyoue.

2.4. Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiiiaeaa/? aeaea?aea oa??aoo a o?ea
ae-eoaa.

Aeecuee?noue o?eao — i?aaiciaanoaa ? o?ea ae-eoaa ia iaiaaeo?oueny
ni?euei?noth oe?eae ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioe??a, aiia oi?ea?oueny ?
iiiaeeiieeo aniaeo?a iaoiaeeee e eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo aeaio
aeenoeeie?i.

Anoaiiaeaii o?noue iniiaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a a?aanueeiio
iiaiciaanoa?, /ioe?e c yeeo (an-naia’, ae-?aeaeia’, ae-eeean e ?no?noaa
ae-oae) ? aacoiiaieie, ? ?o i?eeiyoi iaeiinoaeii an?ia iiaiciaaoeyie,
uiaei ae aeaio (ae-?no?onai ? eaoe an-naoaa?) ?ua o?eaathoue noia?a/ee.

2.5. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aeaea?ae iaoiaeo an-naia a a?aanuee?e a?aiaoeoe?.

Iaoiae an-naia’ ye iaea?eueo aaoi?eoaoiee a ia?aaea/? iia?aeiieaiue i?i
iiao iiaoaeiaaii ca a?aeiia?aeiith noaiith a oaoi?oe? ia?aaea/? oaaeen?a
? oae naii i?aeeyaa? /?oe?e aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ia ?icae?ee ? a?oie.

Oiio o?ea ae-eoaa, nie?ath/enue ia iiao aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?ia?iiy, yaey?
niaith iaoeo i?i i?aaeeueia ?icoi?iiy iiae ? ?acii c oei iaoeo i?i
«i?aaeeueio» iiao, caaaeyee /iio a?aanueea iiaiciaanoai oe?eeii
caeiiii??ii iaaoaa? i?ia?anoth/iai oa?aeoa?o i?ane?eioeaiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, ca a?aecia/aiei aeena?oaoe?eiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi
?ciii?o?ciii eiioeaiooaeueiiai aia?aoo ? iaoiaeeee ionoeueiainueeiai
i?aaiciaanoaa e o?ea ae-eoaa iinoa? ia i?inoi eii?thaaiiy /e i?e?iaeiee
aca?iiaieea, coiiaeaiee ni?euei?noth iaioae?oaoa ionoeueiainueeeo
i?aaiciaaoe?a ? o?eieia?a. Nooue oeueiai ?ciii?o?cia iieyaa? a eiai
ooieoe?iiaeuei?e iaoiiaeaiino? — ? e?iaa?noe/iee, ? i?aaiaee aiae?c
oaenoo yaeythoue niaith a ionoeueiainuee?e iaoeia?e ia?aaeeai? aeaa
noi?aeieo eiiiiiaioe ?aeeiiai i?ioeano ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ethaeeiith
aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?ia?iiy.

*anoeia 3. E?iaa?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena.

3.1. Aeaea?aea a?aanueei? e?iaa?noe/ii? o?aaeeoe??.

Aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiiy oaenoo o?aeoaoo Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena noa?
c?icoi?eei iaoiae ia?iaee aaoi?ii c?a?aiiai iiaiiai iaoa??aeo:
aeiae?ath/e ? ioe?ithth/e eiai ye?noue, ?ai Oa?en ae?? oae naii, ye iaa
ae ae?yoe aoaeue-yeee ?ioee i?aaiciaaaoeue aai cae?a/ oaaeen?a.
I?aaeeuei?noue oeeoiaaiiai aeneiaethaaiiy (oiaoi eiai caeaoi?noue
neoaoaaoe c?aceii aeinoieiiai aea/aiiy e iane?aeoaaiiy a?aanueei? iiae)
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aai oei, ui aiii caiice/aia c Ei?aio, aai
eaioethaeeii ia?aaeao/ee?a (?niaae), yeee noaa?aeaeo? oaeo ae?enii?
a?aeianaiino? aeaiiai aeneiaethaaiiy ? eiai iaeaaeiino? I?i?ieia?. I?e
oeueiio ?noioia a?aei?ia a?ae i?aaiciaanoaa o aeei?enoaii? iaoiaeo
?niaaea iieyaa? a oiio, ui a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo a?i aaea ooieoe?iio? ia
no?eueee ye iaoiae i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?ae?a?eii — i?aaiai? ?noeie, a
oaeaeoa ye nai???aeiee e?eoa??e oi?ioaaiiy iiaii? ii?ie.

I?ney Ei?aio ? noiie I?i?iea ia oeae? oe?iiino? (a??iino?,
aeinoaiaiiino?) iiaiiai iaoa??aeo ?ai Oa?en ?ici?uo? aeeaee ocon —
iiaeaiiy a?aa?a. Oeae iaoa??ae, ui iin?aea? ae?oaa i?ney nayuaiieo
oaeno?a i?noea, ?ai Oa?en — ca iiaiith aiaeia??th c o?eaii — iaceaa?
noiiith (i?ioa ia a?aei?io a?ae noiie I?i?iea a?i aeei?enoiao? ?ioo
oi?io oeueiai ae neiaa — noiai ae-a?aa ).

Niinoa??aa?oueny, o oaeee niin?a, iaaiee ?ciii?o?ci i?ae iiaith iieno
(iaoiaeii aiae?ca oaenoo) a i?aaiciaanoa? e iiaiciaanoa?. A?eueo
aeaoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia oeth oaio iiaei a i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe ua
o?ni?oee aca?iica’ycie. Iaeaea? iaoee ?icaeioeenue a iaaeao ?aeeii?
ia?aaeeaie, aea iaoiaee/i? ianoaiiae, ui oi?ioaaeenue a iaei?e c
aeenoeeie?i, ia iiaee ia i?iaeooaaoenue ia ?io? — a oiio /ene? ?
i?eeeaaei?.

Iiao a eiioeaioe?? ?ai Oa?ena ?icaeyiooi ia?aaeon?i ye can?a, ui ca’yco?
eaioethaeie: ?noeia (nayuaiee oaeno) ciaiiy iaoea ethaeeia ?? aeeooy
ai?aeeii. Oiio iaia? e?auiai oa?i?io aeey iiaiciaanoaa, ui iaa ae
ii/aoeii iiae?ai? oe?eueia? ianoaiiae, ca o?ea ae-eoaa. Canoiniaoth/e
aia?oa oeae oa?i?i, ?ai Oa?en iaa iaoith ia i?inoi i?aee?aneeoe
ciai?oi?e aca?iica’ycie iaoiae?a o?eao ye ionoeueiaineiai i?aaa c
a?aanueeei iiaiciaanoaii, a oaeaeoa a?aecia/aa iaaio cia/ii a?eueoa
aeeaeiio ni?eue?noue i?ae ieie, ui aoaeo?oueny ia o?e ?ie?, ui ?? aiie
a?ae?a?athoue o ?icoi?ii? ?noeie aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?iaaiiy. Iaeaeaa
o?eae iathoue o oae?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?ae ?aeeiee i?aaeiao — oaeno
aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?ia?iiy — ? aeine?aeaeothoue aea? ie?ai? noi?iie
oeueiai i?aaeiaoo — o?ea-i?aaiciaanoai oe?eaaeoueny naia ci?noii
aiaeanoaaiiai ?iia?aoeaa, caa?iaiiai aei ethaeeie, o?ea ae-eoaa — iiaith
oeueiai ?iia?aoeao, ui ?icoi??oueny eiie?aoi?oa ye a?aanueea iiaa, yea
aaea naia ii nia? ? aiaiiaee?iaaiiith, ia?aaeanoaiiaeaiith, onoaeaiith,
ui ? i?aee?aneth? ?ai Oa?en ia naiiio ii/aoeo naiai o?aeoaoo (ia?oee
i?ney ia?aaeiiae ?icae?e), ?icaeyaeath/e a?aanueeo iiao ye Aeeaoiaa
aeaiiy.

3.2. Iniiai? oeiee a?aanueei? a?aiaoeee a eiioaeno? iaoeiai?
eiioeaioe?? ?ai Oa?ena.

Caaaeueia ?onei a?aanueei? o?eieia?/ii? aeoiee noi?ioaaeinue i?ae
aieeaii oe?eiai iieie?iiy oaeaiiaeoeo o?eieia?a — cae?a/?a ?
aeine?aeiee?a a?aanueei? iiae, ui ooai?eee o?e eiieo?oth/? oeiee
a?aanueei? a?aiaoeee — Aan??enueeo, Eoo?enueeo, Aaaaeaaenueeo, — ?
iniiaiei ?acoeueoaoii ae?yeueiino? yeeo noaei noai?aiiy ii?iaoeaii?
a?aanueei? a?aiaoeee. Iao aaoi? ia ia??iae ?icea?oo aeanii? oai?/ino?
oe?eeii iio?aiey? aei oeueiai aeaaeai?/iiai o?eieia?/iiai eiioeiioio ?,
?acii c oei, ni?anoaaeyth/e eiioeaioe?? oe?e ? a?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia
eiaei?e c ieo, caa??aa? iacaeaaei?noue aaoi?nueeeo iiaeyae?a.

3.3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoeiaiai iaoiaeo Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ia i?aenoaa?
aiae?co eiai o?aeoaoo “An-Nao?a?”.

Iaoeiaiio noeeaa? Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ia i?aenoaa? oaenoieia?/iiai
aiae?co o?aeoaoo «an-Nao?a? o? o?ea ae-eoaa» aeanoea? ianooii? ?ene:

1) ni?anoaaeyth/e eiioeaioe?? eoo?enueei? ? aan??enueei? oe?e, ?ai
Oa?en iaaeaaaa ia?aaaao iaoiaeeoe? ia?oi? c ieo;

2) a?i ia iane?aeoaaa oaiaoe/ii aeiaeiiai iacoaao ye o o?eao, oae ? a
e?iaa?noeoe? ;

3) iaoeiaee noeeue ?ai Oa?ena a?ae??ciy?oueny noene?noth, oi/i?noth ?
aeinooii?noth aeey ?icoi?iiy i?e aeoeoia/aii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ieoaiue;

4) aaoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oeeaaea/ai iiaeo oa?i?i?a o aaeoc? o?ea
ae-eoaa;

5) aeey eiai iaoeiaiai iaoiaeo oa?aeoa?ia oe?iea canoinoaaiiy neiii?i?a;

6) aaoi?ia? aeanoeaee aiae?oe/iee i?aeo?ae o ?icaeyae? iaoeiaeo i?iaeai:
noi?ioeueiaaii i?iaeaio, cai?iiiiiaaii ?? aiae?c ?c a?aooaaiiyi
aeueoa?iaoeaieo, /anoi ae?aiao?aeueii i?ioeeaaeieo, aeoiie, i?ney
iinoaiiae ieoaiue aaoi? a?aeiaoiaeeoue a?aeiia?ae?, noi?iaiaeaeoaai?
aeieacaie ? aeneiaeth? aeaniee iiaeyae ia ?ica’caiiy iinoaaeaiiai
ieoaiiy;

7) ?ai Oa?en ia iaeaaeeoue aei i?eoeeueiee?a ? ni?a/oaath/eo oa/??
oooa?ea, a?i aanue /an i?aee?aneth? aenieo cia/ou?noue a?aanueei? iiae,
oi?eaeuei?noue a?aanueei? oeea?e?caoe??, caia?a/oth/e i?e oeueiio aieea
ia ia? na?onueei? o?einionueei? aeieo?eie;

8) a?aenoithth/e “/enoioo” a?aanueei? iiae, aaoi? aenooia? ? i?ioe
?ioiiiaieo eaene/ieo caiice/aiue, i?ioe niioai?aiiy iiae Ei?aio;

9) naia ?ai Oa?enia? aeanoeaa aeei?enoaiiy oaaeen?a ai-Iaaaa? a noa??
iiaiciaanoaa;

10) ?ai Oa?ena oa?aeoa?eco? iaeiicia/i?noue ? oi/i?noue o canoinoaaii? ?
aeei?enoaii? iiiyoue ? oa?i?i?a;

11) eiai caneoaith ? iiaaoi?nueeee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeai a?aiaoeee,
eaeneeia?ao??, e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa.

A?aeoae, anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoith iaienaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai o?aeoaoo,
oae naii ye ? i?iiiiiaaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaa
?icaeoie iiaiciaa/i? eiioeaioe?? ia i?aenoaa? aca?iiiia’ycaiino? iiiyoue
o?ea ae-eoaa ? o?ea ae-?neai?, ye? ia?aaoaathoue i?ae niaith o
a?aeiineiao ei?aeyoeaii? iiiceoe??.

Aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?ththoue i?aenoaae
aeey ia?aeiiaiiy, ui aeine?aeaeoaaia i?iaeaiaoeea yaey? niaith o?aaiaio
?icaaeoaeaiiai naiaioe/iiai iiey, ui ioiieth? oe?eee ?yae
eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo eiioeaio?a. Ine?eueee iniiao o?eieia??, ye aeania
? o?ea ae-eoaa, neeaaea? aiae?oe/ia aea/aiiy oaenoo ye iai’yoieea
e?oa?aoo?e, iiae ? eoeueoo?e iaaiiai ia?iaeo, o?eieia?y oaeei /eiii
/a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai iiae ? iaa?iaiith aei eoeueoo?e iaaiiai ia?iaeo,
noaaey/e i?iaeaie iioiaeaeaiiy iiae — ye aeieeea iiaa ? o yeee niin?a,
yeei /eiii ae?eoea aei ian, — ? oaeiae cia/aiiy ne?a ? ae?ac?a, ?ae?ii,
aea/a? iiao o i?ica?/ieo ? iiaoe/ieo oaenoao c oi/ee ci?o a?aiaoeee,
caniae iiaeaiaai? ae?aciino? ? noee?noe/i? i?eeiie a iaaeao ?eoi?eee e
iiaoeee. Iaeiae o a?aanuee?e o?aaeeoe?? o?eieia?/i?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? e
eiiaiooaaiith oaenoo a?aeiia?aeathoue e ?io? iaeano? ciaiiy, ui ?o
i?eiee aaciina?aaeiuei ia ?icaeyaeaee ye iaoee i?i iiao,- ?ei ao-oaon??,
?ei ae-e??a’ao, ?ei ae-oaaeen,- iaoee i?i aeoeoia/aiiy, /eoaiiy Ei?aio ?
oaaeeniciaanoai — aea/aiiy noiie ye ei?iono oaeno?a aeneiaethaaiue
I?i?iea c ieoaiue ?ae?a?eiiai eoeueoo, th?eaee/ii? i?aeoeee ?
iianyeaeaiiiai aeeooy ionoeueiainueei? ni?eueiioe, ye? ae?eoee
ia?aaeaieie c iaeaeeae/iai ioi/aiiy I?i?iea. Ine?eueee oe? aeenoeeie?ie
? neeaee iniiao ?neainueei? eoeueoo?e, ?niothoue i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ?neainueea iaoea ? c naiiai ii/aoeo o?eieia?/iith.

Aeniiaee

1.O?eieia?/i? iiaeyaee a?aai-ionoeueiainueeiai aeine?aeieea oaieiaa,
o?einioa, iiaiciaaoey — a?aiaoenoa, th?enoa, oae?oa, iiaoa e e?oa?aoi?a
ae-Eaca?i? a?-?ac? Aao ae-Oonaeia Aoiaaea a. Oa?ena a. Caea??y a.
Iooaiiaaea a. Oaa?aa, a?aeiiiai ye ?ai Oa?en, ?icaeyaeathoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiyi a eiioaeno? aaaaoia?/ii? a?aanueei? a?aiaoe/ii?
o?aaeeoe??, ui a?ae?a?aea ae??oaeueio ?ieue o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
no/anii? a?aanueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae ? yeo aoei iieeaaeaii a iniiao
i?eeiyoeo ia aeaiee iiiaio a a?aanueeiio na?o? ii?i ? iaoiae?a ?? iieno
? aeeeaaeaiiy.

2. O?ea ae-eoaa, nie?ath/enue ia iiao aiaeanoaaiiai iaee?ia?iiy, yaey?
niaith iaoeo i?i i?aaeeueia ?icoi?iiy iiae ? ?acii c oei iaoeo i?i
«i?aaeeueio» iiao, caaaeyee /iio a?aanueea iiaiciaanoai oe?eeii
caeiiii??ii iaaoaa? uia?eueoa i?ane?eioeaiiai oa?aeoa?o.

3. Aeaoaeueiee oaenoieia?/iee aiae?c o?aeoaoo ?ai Oa?ena ia iniia?
ni?anoaaeaiiy ?neainueeiai o?eao e o?ea ae-eoaa aeicaiey? aenoiooe oaco
i?i oeiieiae/?/io nii??aeiai?noue ? ?aei?noue oeeo aeaio
aca?iiiia’ycaieo nenoai; niinoa?aeaii iaaiee ?ciii?o?ci i?ae iiaith
iieno o i?aaiciaanoa? ? iiaiciaanoa?.

4.Niin?a oi?ioethaaiiy aaoi?ii aeanii? eiioeaioe?? i?aeaioiaeaiee
?icaaeoaeaiith e?iaa?noe/iith o?aaeeoe??th o?ueio iniiaieo oe?e
a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa — eoo?enueei?, aan??enueei? oa aaaaeaaenueei? —
ye?, a naith /a?ao, iathoue aeoieii e?eueeanio??/io ?noi??th ?icaeoeo
a?aanueei? aoiai?noe/ii? aeoiee.

5. Aeine?aeaeoaaia i?iaeaiaoeea yaey? niaith o?aaiaio ?icaaeoaeaiiai
naiaioe/iiai iiey, ui ioiieth? oe?eee ?yae eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo
eiioeaio?a. Ine?eueee a a?aanuee?e o?aaeeoe?? o?eieia?/i?e
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? e eiiaioa??th oaenoo a?aeiia?aeathoue ia eeoa icia/ai?,
aea e ?io? iaeano? ciaiiy, ui ?o i?eiee ia ?icaeyaeaee ye iaoee i?i
iiao, a i?ioa aiie oei ia iaioa neeaaeathoue iniiao ?neainueei?
eoeueoo?e, a?aeoae, iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i ia?aeiio o?eieia?/i?noue
?neainueei? iaoee.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o ianooiieo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Oannoiao I. Ionoeueiainueeee o?ea oa eiai aieea ia aeeooy ionoeueiai //
Noiaeiciaanoai.-1998.- ?2.- No?. 39-48.

Oannoiao I., Aeiaea?aa A. Aeeyiea a?aaneeo a?aiiaoe/aneeo oeie ia
iaoiaeeeo Aoiaaea Eai Oa?ena //Noiaeiciaanoai.-1998.-?3-4.-N.85-97.

Oannoiao I., Aiaiiieia I. Ia enoieao oi?ie?iaaiey eaoaai?eaeueiiai
aiia?aoa a?aaneie a?aiiaoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee (eiioaenooaeueiue aiaeec
iiiyoey fiqh al-lughah) //Noiaeiciaanoai.-1998.-?3-4.-N.71-84.

Oannoiao I. I. Eeiaaenoe/aneay eiioeaioeey a?aai-ionoeueiaineiai
oeeieiaa 10 aaea Aoiaaea Eai Oa?ena ia iaoa?eaea aai o?aeoaoa «Oeeo
ae-eoaa aa noiai ae-a?aa oe eaeaieoa».- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.13 — sscuee ca?oaaaeiuo ia?iaeia Acee,
Ao?eee, aai?eaaiia Aia?eee e Aano?aeee. — Einoeooo ainoieiaaaeaiey ei.
A. E?uineiai IAI Oe?aeiu.- Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth o?aeoaoa «Oeeo
ae-eoaa aa noiai ae-a?aa oe eaeaieoa» a?aai-ionoeueiaineiai oeeieiaa 10
noieaoey Aoiaaea Eai Oa?ena e niiinoaaeaieth eaoaai?eaeueiiai aiia?aoa
eneaineiai i?aaiaaaeaiey e a?aaneiai ycueiciaiey ia iniiaa eiioeaioeee
a?aaneie a?aiiaoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee. Aiaeec i?iecaaaeaiey
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oeiieiae/aneii eciii?oecia ycuea iienaiey a
eneaineii e ycueiaaae/aneii oeeoao. Niinia oi?ioee?iaaiey aaoi?ii
nianoaaiiie eiioeaioeee iniiauaaaony ia aeinoeaeaieyo iiiaiaaeiaie
enoi?ee a?aaneiai ycueiciaiey, i?aaenoaaeaiiiai aai iniiaiuie oeieaie —
eooeeneie, aan?eeneie e aaaaeaaeneie — e iiieiaiee iniia
a?aai-ionoeueiaineie eoeueoo?u eae oeaeinoiiai eiiieaena. Oeea ae-eoaa,
niaeanii yoei eiioeaioeeyi, iie?aynue ia ycue aiaeanoaaiiiai ioe?iaaiey,
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaoeo i i?aaeeueiii iiieiaiee ycuea e aianoa n oai
iaoeo i “i?aaeeueiii ycuea”, aneaaenoaea /aai a?aaneia ycueiciaiea
aiieia caeiiiia?ii i?eia?aoaao ana aieaa i?ane?eioeaiue oa?aeoa?.
Enneaaeoaiay i?iaeaiaoeea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie o?aaiaio ?acaaoaeaiiiai
naiaioe/aneiai iiey, eioi?ue ioaaouaaao oeaeue ?yae
eoeueoo?ii-?aeeaeiciuo eiioeaioia. Iineieueeo a a?aaneie o?aaeeoeee
oeeieiae/aneie eioa?i?aoaoeee e eiiiaioe?iaaiey oaenoa niioaaonoaotho ia
oieueei aeaiiua, ii e eiua iaeanoe ciaiey, eioi?ua ieeiaaea ia
noaiiaeeenue i?aaeiaoii enneaaeiaaiey iaoee i ycuea, e oai ia iaiaa iie
ninoaaeytho iniiao eneaineie eoeueoo?u, iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi
eneaineay iaoea ecia/aeueii oeeieiae/ia. Iiyoiio aeenna?oaoeey iiaeao
?anniao?eaaoueny a ea/anoaa naiaai ?iaea e?inn-eoeueoo?iiai aaaaeaiey a
e?oa eaeae e iaoiaeia o?aaeeoeeiiiiai a?aaneiai ycueiciaiey (a?aaneie
a?aiiaoe/aneie o?aaeeoeee) ia iniiaa iia?oaeaiey a aeoaeiiua eneaineea
ei?ie yoie io?anee ciaiey. Ooaa?aeaeaiey i acaeiinayce a?aaneiai
ycueiciaiey e eneaia cao/ao aeaaii, iaeiaei aei neo ii? yoa i?iaeaia aua
ia auea iiaeaa?aiooa en/a?iuaathuaio iao/iiio aiaeeco. Iaaeaeo oai, a
io?uaa io iiaeiaiie aeoaeiiie eoeueoo?ieiae/aneie ia?niaeoeau
iaaiciiaeii ii-ianoiyuaio ?acia?aoueny a i?iaeaiaoeea e iaoiaeao
n?aaeiaaaeiaiai e ianeaaeothuaai aai nia?aiaiiiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai
a?aaneiai ycueiciaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: a?aaneay a?aiiaoe/aneay o?aaeeoeey, oeeo (oeeo
ae-eneaie, ionoeueiaineee oeeo), onoe ae-oeeo (iniiau e iaoiaeeea
oeeoa), oeeo ae-eoaa (ycueiciaiea), eei ae-eoaa (eeiaaenoeea), noiai
ae-a?aa (iau/ae a?aaia), an-naia’ (aini?eyoea ia neoo),
eaeaeia'(aaeeiiaeooiia iiaiea), eeean(noaeaeaiea ii aiaeiaee).

Oannoiao I.I. E?iaa?noe/ia eiioeaioe?y a?aai-ionoeueiainueeiai o?eieiaa
10 noie?ooy Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ia iaoa??ae? eiai o?aeoaoo «O?ea ae-eoaa
aa noiai ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa».- ?oeiien (?in?enueeith iiaith).

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.13 — Iiae ca?oa?aeieo ia?iae?a Ac?? ?
Ao?eee, aai?eaai?a Aia?eee oa Aano?ae??. — ?inoeooo noiaeiciaanoaa ?i.
A. E?einueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.- Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith o?aeoaoo «O?ea ae-eoaa
aa noiai ae-a?aa o? eaeai?aa» a?aai-ionoeueiainueeiai o?eieiaa 10
noie?ooy Aoiaaea ?ai Oa?ena ? ni?anoaaeaiith eaoaai??aeueiiai aia?aoo
?neainueeiai i?aaiciaanoaa ? a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa ia i?aenoaa?
eiioeaioe?? a?aanueei? a?aiaoe/ii? o?aaeeoe??. Aiae?c oai?o na?ae/eoue
i?i oeiieiae/?/iee ?ciii?o?ci iiae iieno a ?neainueeiio ? iiaiciaa/iio
o?eoao. Niin?a oi?ioethaaiiy aaoi?ii aeanii? eiioeaioe?? i?aeaioiaeaiee
aeinyaiaiiyie a?eiai? ?noi??? a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa, i?aaenoaaeaiiai
eiai iniiaieie oeieaie, ? ?icoi?ii? iniia a?aai-ionoeueiainueei?
eoeueoo?e ye oe?e?niiai eiiieaeno.

Aeena?oaoe?th iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooi ye naiai ?iaeo e?in-eoeueoo?iee
anooi aei iaaiiai eiea ?aeae ? iaoiae?a o?aaeeoe?eiiai a?aanueeiai
iiaiciaanoaa (a?aanueei? a?aiaoe/ii? o?aaeeoe??) caaaeyee caa?iaiith aei
aeeaeiieo ?neainueeeo ei?ai?a oe??? aaeoc? ciaiiy. A?aeaeaaia
iiaooothoue oaa?aeaeaiiy uiaei aca?iica’yceo a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa e
?neaio, i?ioa ianueiaiaei? caiae?ciaaia a aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaia
ae/a?iiiai iaoeiaiai aiae?co ?ua ia ae?noaea. ?acii c oei, ni?aaaei?
?icoi?iiy i?iaeaiaoeee ? iaoiae?a na?aaeiueia?/iiai ? no/aniiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?aanueeiai iiaiciaanoaa, ui iane?aeo? eeane/io
o?aaeeoe?th, o a?ae?ea? a?ae iiae?aii? aeeaeiii? eoeueoo?ieia?/ii?
ia?niaeoeae ia ? iiaeeeaei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?aanueea a?aiaoe/ia o?aaeeoe?y, o?ea (o?ea ae-?neai?,
ionoeueiainueeee o?ea), onoe ae-o?ea (iniiae ? iaoiaeeea o?eao), o?ea
ae-eoaa (iiaiciaanoai), ?ei ae-eoaa (e?iaa?noeea),noiai ae-a?aa (cae/a?
a?aa?a), an-naia’ (ni?eeiyooy ia neoo), ?aeaeia'(iaeiinoaeia aeoiea),
eeean(noaeaeaiiy ca aiaeia??th).

Hassuneh I. I. The linguistic concept of 10th century Arab
Moslem philologist Ahmad Ibn Faris based on the material of his treatise
«Fiqh al-lughah wa sunan al-arab fi kalamiha».- Manuscript (in
Russian).

A thesis presented for Candidate of Philology degree under the
Specialization 10.02.13 — “Languages of foreign countries of Asia,
Africa, aborigines of America and Australia”. — A. Kryms’ky Institute of
Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.- Kiev,
1998.

The Candidate thesis comprises a study of a treatise by the 10th
century Arab Moslem philologist Ahmad Ibn Faris known under the title
«Fiqh al-lughah wa sunan al-arab fi kalamiha» based on a collation of
categorial apparatus of the Moslem law (fiqh) and classical Arabic
gramarian tradition. The analysis of the treatise proves a typological
isomorphism in the language of description as applied in Islamic law and
traditional Arabic grammar (i.e. in two fiqh’s — al-fiqh al-islami and
fiqh al-lughah). The research method applied by the author is rooted
deep in the long history of Arab linguistic tradition as represented by
its main schools as well as on the foundations of Arab and Islamic
culture.

The thesis is meant as a cross-cultural introduction to the key ideas
and methods of traditional Arabic grammar through going down deeper to
the Islamic roots of this branch of knowledge. The idea is not really
new for the European scholars, however, it has hardly been yet
sufficiently demonstrated. The author has managed to prove that a large
portion, if not all the ideas, methods and terms used by traditional
Arab grammarians have an Islamic prospective. Without such cultural
prospective one will hardly be able to really understand a large number
of issues let alone the methods of language discription, as applied by
the ancient Arab grammarians, that continue to be extensively used by
modern Arab scholars.

Keywords: Arabic grammarian tradition, fiqh (al-fiqh al-islami, Islamic
fiqh), usul al-fiqh (foundations or methodology of fiqh ), fiqh
al-lughah (linguistics), ilm al-lughah (linguistics), sunan al-arab
(customs of Arabs), as-sama’ (oral tradition), ijma’ (unanimous
opinion), qiyas (judgment by analogy) .

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