I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??

A?aaaithe TH?ie Oeaenaiae?iae/

OAeE 616.728.3:616.72-018.38-001-[085+089]

E?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ii? ia?aaeiueiiaaeeaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai
noaeiaa

14.01.21 – “O?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y”

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo?
o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae?? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai.

Iaoeiaee ea??aieeaeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaaioa Aaeaioei
Ieaenaiae?iae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.Ai?ueeiai. caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?aaiaoieia??,i?oiiaae?? ?
AIOIo?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aa?oeai Aai??o ?aaiiae/,
Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae?? ? 1aeieoi?
iaaee/ieo iaoe Aa?aneiaiei Na?a?e ?aaiiae/, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ii
ee?i?oe? Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?aaiaoieia?? oa
i?oiiaae??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” n?/iy 2000 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.606.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae?? ca aae?anith:
01054, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ai?ianueeiai, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae?? ca aae?anith:
01054, i.Ee?a, aoe. Ai?ianueeiai, 27.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
Oeauaiei A.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iino?aaeaeae? c o?ii?/iith iinoo?aaiaoe/iith
ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth(OIII) eie?iiiai noaeiaa
iiaeathoue iaeei ?c iaea?eueoa neeaaeieo eiioeiaaio?a oai?eo ye o
a?aeiioaii? ianoaaeaiiy ? iinoaiiaee ae?aaiico, oae ? a e?eoaaii?.
Eie?iiee noaeia caeia? ia?oa i?noea ii /anoio? ooeiaeaeaiue cayceiaiai
aia?aoa (A.I.Eaaaiaoeue, I.I.Iineioii,1998;A.A. Eocueiaiei, A.Ae.
Eacioaeei, 1997), yei ceeaaeathoue aei 33% onio o?aai eie?iiiai noaeiaa.

E?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?c ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth
eie?iiiai noaeiaa caeeoa?oueny i?iaeaiith i?oiiaae??. A Oe?a?i?
i?aaenoaaieee Oa?e?anueei? i?oiiaaee/ii? oeiee I.I.Ei?ae ? A.I.Neiaia/
cai?iiiioaaee ?icaeyaeaoe iioeiaeaeaiiy eainoey?ii-cayceiaiai aia?aoo
eie?iiiai noaeiaa c iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo. I?aaenoaaiee
Ee?anueei? i?oiiaaee/ii? oeiee A.I.Eaaaiaoeue aeoeaii ai?iaaaeaeo? a
ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo ? i?iiaao? a iaoeia?e oa inaioi?e ae?yeueiino? ciiio
eiioeaioe?th aoaeiae noaa?e?coth/iai aia?aoo eie?iiiai noaeiaa oa
eiia?iaoe?eiee i?eioeei iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iinoo?aaiaoe/ii?
ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa oeyoii canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaieo
?aeiino?oeoeaii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo iia?aoe?e ia eiai
eainoey?ii-cayceiaiio aia?ao?. I?neyiia?aoe?ei? ?aoeeaeeae
ianoaa?eueiino? neeaaeathoue 4% — 11% (Ae.Oieeaa, 1996). Ca iaoeie
niinoa?aaeaiiyie, iiaai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy neeaaeathoue, o
caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee, a?ae 11,76% aei 47,62% aeiaaee?a.

O ia?oo /a?ao, oea iia’ycaii c iaae??oai?noth ieoaiiy i?i
ia?aaaao oaeoeee e?eoaaiiy(A.I.Eaaaiaoeue, 1995), aeai?? oiai aai ?ioiai
aeaeo o?ainieaioao?a (Benoit J.,1972). ??ciiiai?oi? oaeoe/i? onoaiiaee
i?e niieo/aii? ooeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ?
aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie (A.I.Eaaaiaoeue, ss.A.Eeiueei,1989; W. Nottage,
P. Matsuura, 1994).

?nioaaiiy a?eueo 250 niinia?a o??o?a?/ii? ei?aeoe?? ooeiaeaeaiue
caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaae??oai?noue oe??? i?iaeaie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy . Iaoith ae?enii? ?iaioe ? iie?ioaiiy
aeoiae?a e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo ?c o?ii?/iith iinoo?aaiaoe/iith
ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth eie?iiiai noaeiaa oeyoii
canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? a aenia?eiaio? iaoiaeeee ieanoeee caycie eiai
nooiaeeeeyi iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i’yca ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaea/?:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ieeio ? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo ooeiaeaeaiue eainoeueii-cayceiaeo no?oeoo? o
iino?aaeaeaeeo ?c yaeuaie o?ii?/ii? ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii?
ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa, aeaoe ?i oa?aeoa?enoeeo;

2. Oaeineiiaeeoe noaio (aeai?eoi) ae?aaiinoeee iinoo?aaiaoe/ii?
ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ee?i?/i?, aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ii ? a?iiaoai?/i? e?eoa???;

3. O aenia?eiaio? aea/eoe iioei?noue ia ?ic??aaiiy nooiaeeeey
iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i’yca, ?? aeinoaoi?noue aeey cai?uaiiy ooeiaeaeaieo
ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa;

4. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee can?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy niieo/aiiiai
ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie o
iino?aaeaeaeeo ?c ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth eie?iiiai
noaeiaa;

5. Oaeineiiaeeoe oaoiieia?th nooiaeeeueii? aooiieanoeee ia?aaeiuei?
o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee;

6. Aea/eoe aeoiaee o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii?
ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa a iaeaeeae/iio ? a?aeaeaeaiiio
ia??iaeao, aeei?enoiaoth/e oaeineiiaeaio noaio ae?aaiinoeee.

Iaoa??ae ? ianya aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa caniiaaia ia aiae?c? e?eoaaiiy
164 iino?aaeaeaeeo ?c ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth
eie?iiiai noaeiaa, ui ciaoiaeeeeny ia e?eoaaii? a Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeani?e
o?aaiaoieia?/i?e e?ea?i? o a?aeae?eaii? o?aaiaoieia?? e i?oiiaae?? aeey
aei?ineeo ?c 1985 ?. ii 1999 ?. O ?iaio? aeei?enoai?
ee?i?ei-?aioaaiieia?/iee, eaai?aoi?iee, aeaeo?ioiciieiai/iee ?
noaoenoe/iee iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. I?aeo?eioth/e eiioeaioe?th Ei?aea I.I., Neiaia/a A.I.,
Eaaaioey A.I. a?aenoith?oueny iiceoe?y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee
noaa?e?caoe?? eie?iiiai noaeiaa. I?e oeueiio ie aaaaea?ii, ui ?icaeoie
OIII i?e ooeiaeaeaii? iaei??? yeee aai no?oeoo?e eie?iiiai noaeiaa
iiaeeeai eeoa a ??aee?nieo aeiaaeeao, /ano?oa i?e o?eaaeeo oa?i?iao
?nioaaiiy ooeiaeaeaiiy.

Oaeineiiaeaii noaio ae?aaiinoeee ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii?
ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa oeyoii aianaiiy a ??
aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ieo ? a?iiaoai?/ieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee, ui aeicaieeei
i?aeaeueoe ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ae?aaiinoeee.

O aenia?eiaio? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy nooiaeeeey
iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i’yca ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee aeey ieanoeee
ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie, oaeineiiaeai?
iaoiaeeee i?aeaeuaiiy eiai o?eaeino? ? aeeoo?no?eeino?.

Oaeineiiaeaii oaoiieia?th aooiieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii?
caycee eie?iiiai noaeiaa ca aeiiiiiaith nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai
i’yca.

?ic?iaeaii iiaee niin?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy niieo/aiiiai
ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie
eie?iiiai noaeiaa ( iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 25124A a?ae 25.12.98.).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aenoaathoueny ia caoeno:

n cia/aiiy oaeineiiaeaii? noaie ae?aaiinoeee o?ii?/ii?
ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa;

n aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai niiniao o??o?a?/iiai
e?eoaaiiy niieo/aiiai ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ?
aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa;

n cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aenia?eiaioo, ui aeieaco?
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i’yca
ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee a yeino? ieanoe/iiai iaoa??aeo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Cai?iiiiiaai? ee?i?/i?, aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ii
? a?iiaoai?/i? e?eoa??? aeicaieythoue i?aaeeueii ioe?ieoe nooi?iue
ii?ooaiiy noaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa ? nooi?iue a?aeiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?? noaeiaa a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaiee ?
oaeineiiaeaiee niiniae o??o?a?/iiai oo?o/aiiy a?ae??ciythoueny
i?inoioith aeeiiaiiy, iaeio?aaiaoe/ie, aeathoue aenieee a?aenioie
aa?ieo aeoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeai? a o?aaiaoieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo i?nueeeo e?ea?aiue ??
9, 14 ?. Aeiiaoeueea; Iaeani?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i? i. Caii??aeaey;
Eoeaeoaanueeie oeaio?aeuei?e ?aeiii?e e?ea?i? Caii??cueei? iaeano?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee ?iaioe iia?aeiieai? e iaaiai?ai? ia :
?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??
o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a “E?einuee? aa/i?a”

( E?ei, 1997); can?aeaii? Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa
i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997); ae?ciiio ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? oiaa?enoaa i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Caii??cueei? iaeano? (
Eoeaeoaai, 1997); Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??(Caii??aeaey,
1999). A?aeaoeany aioo??oiy ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe a Aeiiaoeueeii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? o?aaiaoieia?? e i?oiiaae?? (Aeiiaoeuee,
1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe caoeuai? 1 Iaoaioii Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiae ? 3
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeie i?iiiceoe?yie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 144 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, iaienaia ?in?enueeith iiaith, neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, 6 ?icaeieia, iiaenoieo, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e oa
aeiaeaoea. Nienie eioa?aoo?e iinoeoue 243 aeaea?aea iioi?iaoei?, cie?aia
95 — aio/eciyieo i aaoi?ia aea?aeaa NIAe oa 148 — iiicaiieo aaoi?ia.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 31 iaethiie ? 30 oaaeeoeue.

Ciino ?iaioe

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy Aeine?aeaeaiiy caniiaaia ia aea/aii?
iaoa??ae?a 164 iino?aaeaeaeeo c ooeiaeaeaiiyie noieiai-cayceiaeo
no?oeoo? eie?iiiai noaeiaa, ui ciaoiaeeeeny ia e?eoaaii? a Aeiiaoeuee?e
iaeani?e o?aaiaoieia?/i?e e?ea?i? c 1985 ii 1999 ?iee.

ssaeua ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa
iaee i?noea a 121 ( 73,78% ) /ieia?e?a ? 43 ( 26,22%) ae?iie o a?oe?
a?ae 16 aei 66 ?ie?a, a?eueo?noue ( 75,61% ) o a?oe? a?ae 21 aei 50
?ie?a.

Oai?? o?aaio iaea?aeoaaee ia ae?iaieoeoa? ( 20,12% ), i?e
aei?iaeiuei-o?ainii?oieo iiae?yo ( 20,12% ), i?ae /an caiyoue nii?oii (
23,78% ) ? a iiaoo? ( 35,98% ).

Iaoa??aeuei? i?e/eie ooeiaeaeaiue noieiai-cayceiaiai aia?aoa
eie?iiiai noaeiaa, ui i?ecaaee aei ?icaeoeo III, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
( 68,91% ) iaee iai?yiee oa?aeoa? ae?? neee, ui o?aaio?. O ?acoeueoao?
ianooieee ??ciiiai?oi? ooeiaeaeaiiy no?oeoo? eie?iiiai noaeiaa, a?ae
e?eueeino? ? oa?aeoa?o yeeo, a?eo iino?aaeaeaeeo caeaaeaea nooi?iue
ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino?, ui ?icaeeany.

Ie aeae?eeee 4 nooiaiy ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino?
eie?iiiai noaeiaa: I nooi?iue ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa ( 8,48%
) iaea i?noea o on?o a?eiaeo a?oiao, II nooi?iue ( 67,88% ) ? IV
nooi?iue ( 9,70% ) /ano?oa cono??/aeeny a in?a aei 29 ?ie?a, III
nooi?iue ( 13,94% ) — /ano?oa i?ney 29 ?ie?a. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeeei aeniiaee A.I.Eaaaioey ? ss.A.Eeiueei(1989).

?cieueiaaia ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee(IOC)
a?aecia/aii a 40 niinoa?aaeaiiyo, niieo/aia ooeiaeaeaiiy IOC ?
iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea — o 70, “iauaneeaa” o??aaea Oo?ia?a — o 16,
niieo/aia ooeiaeaeaiiy IOC ? iaio iai?ne?a — o 8, ?cieueiaaia
ooeiaeaeaiiy aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycee(AAC) — o 9, ooeiaeaeaiiy AAC o
niieo/aii? c ooeiaeaeaiiyi iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea — o 4, niieo/aia
ooeiaeaeaiiy IOC ? AAC — o 14, niieo/aia ooeiaeaeaiiy IOC , AAC ? iaio
iai?ne?a — o 1, a?ae?ea iiaeae?inoeiaiai ocaeooy aaeeeiaiiieeiai? e?noee
— o 2, ooeiaeaeaiiy IOC o niieo/aii? c oai?iaith Eaiiaa — 1.

Ae?aaiinoeea ooeiaeaeaiue noieiai-cayceiaiai aia?aoa eie?iiiai
noaeiaa a aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie ( aei 4 oeaei?a ) aoea ae?ae
oo?oaeiaia caoooiaoaaiiyi iaeieo ee?i?/ieo iciae ?ioeie. O?oaeiino?
ae?aaiinoeee aoee iia’ycai? c :

n iayai?noth ae?aaeaiiai aieth/iai neiae?iio; iayai?noth aaia?o?ica (
niiiaioa );

n ii?i/iith onoaiiaeith eie?iiiai noaeiaa e iaiaaeaiiyi ianyao aeoeaieo
? ianeaieo ?ooia o iueiio.

Iaioaeueia oanooaaiiy noaia cayceiaiai aia?aoa eie?iiiai noaeiaa
a aino?eo aeiaaeeao aoei iiaeeeai aei aeoiaeo ia?oiai oeaeiy, i?ney
noeoaiiy yaeu caiaeaiiy ? aaia?o?ica.

Aeey ioe?iee noaia eie?iiiai noaeiaa ie ei?enooaaeeny noaiith,
oaeineiiaeaii? iaie ia iniia? aiae?co e ocaaaeueiaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? III
ii aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio i?eioeei?, iieiaeaiue I?aeia?iaeiiai
Eii?oaoo Aeieoiaioaoe?? ii eie?iiiio noaeia? ? anoaiiaeaieo iaie
aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ieo ? a?iiaoai?/ieo e?eoa???a. Oey noaia aeeth/a?
noa’?eoeai?, ui a?aeaeaathoue a?ae/oooy oai?iai, ? ia’?eoeai? iciaee.
Eiaeiee ?c ee?i?/ieo iciae, aeeth/aieo o noaio, aecia/aa nooi?iue, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? noai eie?iiiai noaeiaa. Iaeiaioee nooi?iue aoaeue yeiai c
iciae aecia/aea o?iaeueio ioe?ieo noaia eie?iiiai noaeiaa(oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Noaia ae?aaiinoeee ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai
noaeiaa.

E eeii/ii iciaee
Nooi?iue

I(ii?ia)
II(iaeaea III (iiaaii) IV (aeoaea

ii?ia) iiaaii)

Noa’?eoeaia ioe?iea(o aaeao) 0 1
2 3

O?ce/ia aeoeai?noue

aac neiioiiaoeee aeua na?aaeiy
o?ceoeueoo?ia iiaooiaa

Aeao?oeeo ?icaeiaiiy <3 3-5 6-10 >10

Aeao?oeeo naeiaiiy 0 — 5 6 —
15 16 — 25 >25

N-ie “ia?aaeiueiai aenoaiiai

yueea” ? Lachman aei 3 ii 4-6 ii
7-10 ii >10 ii

Aaaeoeoeiiiiee oano aei 3 4- 6
7-10 >10

A?o?ic , ui aeaoi?io? — I
no. II no. III no.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee oano >90% 89%-76%
75%-50% <50% Ia?a?icaeiaiiy ? iaia? Eiao?oe??io aneiao??? aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ieo iieaciee?a <15% 16%-30% 31%-50% >50%

Aaaiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy >40% 36%-40%
31%-35% <31% I?e aioo?enoaeiaiaeo ooeiaeaeaiiyo eie?iiiai noaeiaa a ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?icaeaa?oueny ianoaa?euei?noue o iueiio. Inoaii? i?ecaiaeeoue ia o?eueee aei iayaiino? aieth/iai neiae?iio, cieaeaiith ooieoe?? e iii?icaeaoiinoi eiioeiaee, aea ? aeyaey?oueny ci?iaie noaeeiiiai ? iae?iiyciaiai oa?aeoa?o. Iaea?aeaoe oyaeaiiy i?i nooi?iue ? ae?aci?noue oeeo ii?ooaiue iai oaeaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy (?aiaacia?aoiy, o?iiaeniiao?iy, aeaeo?iiiia?aoiy), a oaeiae iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aaaiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy eiioeiaee ii Ieeiea?ao. E?euee?nia ? ye?nia ioe?iee ?aiaacia?aoi/ieo e?eaeo ieaei?o eiioeiaie aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i cieaeaiiy ioeueniaiai e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy an?o naaiaio?a ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee a ?acoeueoao? i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono a?oa?iie ? aaioe o aaiiciiio eie?i? i?aeaiiey?iiai ??/eua c ianooiiei ?icaeoeii o?ii?/ii? aaiicii? iaaeinoaoiino?. E??i cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee ?AA- oaeeue, i?i oea aiai?eoue ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee iioeeco?e ? aeie?ioe/anei? oaee? ?o. Inoaii? ci?uaeeny aei aa?oeie oaee?. Aa?oeia i?e oeueiio noaaaea ?icoyaiooi? ? ia??aeei o?enoaaeany o aeae? “ieaoi”. Eiao?oe??io aneiao??? iieaciee?a ?AA ciaiooaaany a?ae oeaio?o aei ia?eoa???. ??cei cieaeoaaany aiiiioaioeeae i'yc?a ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee inoeeeeyoeee ? /anoioe ?o, eiao?oe??io aneiao??? oeeo iieaciee?a eieeaaany a?ae 50 % aei 70 % ia noaai? ? a?ae 34% aei 46 % ia aii?eoe?. A?aecia/aeiny aeinoia??ia iacia/ia cieaeaiiy caoaeaeoaaiino? iaei- ? aaeeeiaiiieeiaiai ia?a?a ia ooeiaeaeai?e eiioeiaoe?. Eiao?oe??io aneiao??? iieaciee?a caoaeaeoaaiino? ?o aoa aei??aith? 29 +- 7,8 % aeey iaeiaiiieeiaiai ia?aa ? 16,6+-3,4 % aeey aaeeeiaiiieeiaiai ia?aa. Aaaiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ooeiaeaeaio eiioeiaeo o on?o oai?eo aeyaeeany ??cei cieaeaii? i?e noiyii? ? ??aiyeeny 31 % a?ae caaaeueii? aaae o?ea, ia?aaeuoth/e iaaaaaoi i?eionoeio o?c?ieia?/io ii?io. A?aeiiaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa aei 1990 ?. cae?enithaaee ??ciiiai?oieie caniaaie, aeei?enoiaoth/e aeey ieanoeee ooeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? ??ciiiai?oi? o?ainieaioaoe ( aooioeaieie, neioaoe/i? iaoa??aee - aeae?ii, oaoeii, eai?ii ? ?i. ). Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy iieacaa, ui i?e ieanoeoei ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee ii cania? Eaiaea niinoa??aaeeny ?ic??aaiiy o?ainieaioaoo, iineaaeyeany aeania caycea iaaeeie?iea. Iia?aoe?y oaoi?/ii aeineoue o?aaiaoe/ia ? o?eaaea o aeeiiaii?, iiaai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy iaee i?noea a 11,76% aeiaaee?a. Canoinoaaiiy neioaoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny o?eaaeeie aieyie, neiiaioaie, ianoaa?euei?noth o?ainieaioaoo a e?noeiaeo eaiaeao o ?acoeueoao? ?oeiaoe?? inoaii?o ?c ianooiiei ?aoeeaeeaii ianoaa?eueiino?. Iiaai? ?acoeueoaoe o a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? niinoa??aaeeny a 35,71% aeiaaee?a, a aeoaea iiaai? - o 3,57%. Ca ia??iae ?c 1990 ?. ii 1999 ?. ie iia?oaaee 51 iaoe??ioa(52 eie?iieo noaeiaa) ?c yaeuaie ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa, ?c ieo - 39(76,47 %) /ieia?e?a ? 12 (23,53 %) ae?iie, o a?oe? a?ae 16 aei 56 ?ie?a. Aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ooeiaeaeaieo iecie eie?iiiai noaeiaa ie acyee nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i'yca oai?iai. Aeiaaeeio ? o?eae?noue nooiaeeeey ie aecia/eee a aenia?eiaio?. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaia ia 20 eie?iieo noaeiaao o?oi?a aei?ineeo ethaeae iieacaei, ui aeiaaeeia nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i'yca a?ae i?noey ia?aoiaeo eiai a i'yciaa /a?aaoea aei i?noey i?ee??ieaiiy aei aoa?enoinoi aaeeeiaiiieeiai? e?noee neeaaea? I m = 23,32 0,92 ni o /ieia?e?a ? I m = 23,09 0,74 ni o ae?iie ? aeinoaoiy aeey ieanoeee iaeii/anii ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie. O?eae?noue a?iiaaiiai eaanaiiaie ieooth nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i'yca neeaaea? I m = 44,10 0,52 ea o /ieia?e?a ? I m = 36,00 0,60 ea o ae?iie. Aiia ia?aaeuo? o?eae?noue ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? iecee, ui neeaaea? a /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie a?aeiia?aeii I m = 40,20 1,50 ea ? I m = 30,45 1,25 ea. I?e i?iaaaeaii? iia?aoe?? ie no?iai i?eo?eioaaeeny oaeeo aeiia: n ieanoeeo ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee ie cae?enithaaee nooiaeeeeyi iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i'yca ii cania? Muller W. , ui ie oaeineiiaeeee i?ney i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue; n aeey i?aeaeuaiiy o?eaeino? o?ainieaioaoo ie a?ie?iaaee eiai eaanaiiaie ieooth ii Ethiai ia anueiio i?ioyc?; n aeey caoenoo o?ainieaioaoo, i?aeaeuaiiy eiai o?eaeino?, iie?ioaiiy aaneoey?ecaoei? ie iaai?oaee aioo?enoaeiaiao /anoeio o?ainieaioaoo eoen ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? iecee; n ia iniia? aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ie ?ic?iaeee iiaee niin?a iaeiiiiiaioii? ieanoeee ooeiaeaeaiue IOC ? AAC iaeiei nooiaeeeeyi iaiianooiaeeeueiiai i'yca( iaoaio ? 25124 A a?ae 25.12.1998 ?.)(?en.1). ?en.1. Niinia iaeii/aniiai aiaeiiaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiaeiaii? i aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie eieiiiiai noaeiao nooiaeeeeyi iaiianooiaeeeueiiai iyca iioeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee. A on?o 52 niinoa?aaeaiiyo ie aeyaeee ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee. O 37 (71,15 %) aeiaaeeao a?ae?ea caycee a?aeaoany a i?noe? ?? i?ee??ieaiiy aei ciai?oiueiai ae?inoeo noaaia, o 11 (21,15 %) - a?ae iiaeae?inoeiaiai ocaeooy aaeeeiaiiieeiai? e?noee, o 4 (7,69 %) - niinoa??aaeiny iioa?iaaeia?ia ?ic??aaiiy caycee. O iaeiiai oai?iai ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee niieo/eeiny c ?ic??aaiiyi ? a?aeoa?oaaiiyi noaeiaiiai o?yua aioo??oiueiai ae?inoea noaaia. Ae?eyiea o?yua, ui aiaeoa?oaaeny, aoa a?aeaeaeaiee, e?a? aeaoaeoo caeaaeaeai?, c?iaeaia noaoiiae?aeueia oiiaeicaoeiy iaoaaiioica noaaiiai? e?noee c iaoith iie?ioaiiy e?iaiiinoa/aiiy noaoiiae?aeueii? ciie. O 27 (51,92 %) niinoa?aaeaiiyo ?ic?eaoe ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee niieo/eany c ooeiaeaeaiiyi iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea: n ia?aeainoey?iee a?ae?ea ii oei? “?o/ee eaeee” - 17 (32,69 %), n o?ainoiiae?aeueiee ?ic??aaiiy ia?aaeiueiai ?iao - 5 (9,62 %), n ia?aeainoey?iee a?ae?ea caaeiueiai ?iao - 3 (5,77%), n ia?aeainoey?iee a?ae?ea ia?aaeiueiai ?iao - 2 (3,85%). O caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o ooeiaeaeaiiy iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea, aoei c?iaeaii eiai oioaeueia aeaeaeaiiy ( 19 aeiaaee?a), ia?oeiaeueia ?acaeoe?y ia?aaeiueiai (5) aai caaeiueiai (1) ?iao, i?aeoeaaiiy ooeiaeaeaii? ae?eyiee ia?aaeiueiai ?iao aei eainoee iaaeiaeueii? ciie I-iiaeiaieie eaanaiiaeie oaaie(2). O 4 aeiaaeeao aeyaeaia noaoioaeueia ?ic??aaiiy iaio iai?ne?a ?c aeaeoiaaiiyi ?o o iiaeae?inoeiao ciio. Iaeaeaa iai?nee aoee aeaeaeai?, aeey /iai ia?aiaoaey?iee ?icoei aoa i?iaeiaaeaiee e?aiiaeueii, ui aeicaieeei aeaeoiooe iaaeeie?iie eaoa?aeueii ? a?eueo oe?iei a?ae/eieoe noaeia. I?ney caaa?oaiiy ieanoeee caycie noaeia i?iieaaee oiciieiai/iei ?ic/eiii, aeoeaii ae?aioaaee /a?ac eiio?aia?oo?o a iaeano? aa?oiueiai caai?ioo. Iaeeaaeaee iioa?ia? oae. E?ioeiaeo o?enoaaee a?iniaith oeiith i?ae eooii naeiaiiy aii?eee 150-160 a?aaeon?a ia 4 oeaei?. Aaeaeaaoia aeoeaia ae?aioaaiiy ii?iaeieie eie?iiiai noaeiaa a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? caiia?aei ?icaeoeo aaia?o?icia. AEiaeiiai ?aco ia aeieeioei iaiao?aeiino? ioieooaaiiy noaeiaa. Ae?aiaae? a?aeaeaeyeeny ia 2 - 3 aeiao i?ney iia?aoe??. E??i i?iieaaiiy noaeiaa, ae?aioaaiiy, i?iaiaeeeany aioeaiioeeioa?aiiy. ?? ii/eiaee c oaaaeaiiy aioo?eaaiii aai aioo?eiyciai aeiaiai? aeice i?aia?aoo ca 1-2 aiaeeie aei ii/aoeo iia?aoe??, iio?i oaiaeeee i?aia?ao ca noaiith. Iaea?eueoa /anoi canoiniaoaaieie aioea?ioeeaie aoee aaioaiioeei ii 80 ia aeai/i ia aeiao i?ioyaii 7-10 aeia i?ney iia?aoe?? (32 iaoe??ioa), oeaoacieii ii 1 a aeai/i ia aeiao i?ioyaii 7-10 aeia i?ney iia?aoe?? (19 iaoe??io?a). Iaeeiaaeoeyoue iaoe??io?a ia?aeaeueii c aioea?ioeeii iaea?aeoaaee iao?iaie ii 100 ie o?e/i ia aeiao i?ioyaii 2-3 aeia. I?ioyaii ia?oeo 2-3 aei?a i?ney iia?aoe?? iaoe??ioai ?c iaoith ciaaiethaaiiy ? ii?iae?caoe?? niio i?ecia/aee iaia?eioe/i (aa?aeaii, eaoi?ie ? ?i.) ? a ??aee?nieo aeiaaeeao - ia?eioe/i? aiaeaaoeee. Oae ciiiaee ia 10-12 aeiao. O aeiaaeeao i?noeaaeo caiaeueieo i?ioean?a i?iaiaeeee a?aeiia?aeio oa?ai?th: eiii?ane c ?ic/eiii aeeiaeniaea, nie?o-oo?aoeeeiiiai eiii?ane, OOI. I?aaeeueia aaaeaiiy i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo ? iiaiioe?iii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo. Ie i?eoeeueieee ?aiiuei? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. Aaaaea?ii, ui oa?i?i ?iiia?e?caoe?? 4 oeaei? oe?eeii aeinoaoi?e i?e canoinoaaii? aeaii? iaoiaeeee. A?ae?aco ae i?ney cae?i/aiiy ia??iaeo ?iiia?e?caoe?? i?enooiaee aei aeoeaii-ianeaii? ?ic?iaee ?ooia o eie?iiiio noaeia?, iaiaaath/enue yeiaeoaeaeoa aeinyaoe iiaiiai ?icaeiaiiy a iueiio. Aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ci?ii? i?oace c a?/ieie oa?i??ieie iaoai?ciaie, a oae naii oeie, ui aeicaieythoue caaeaaaoe iaiao?aei? eooe naeiaiiy ? ?icaeiaiiy noaeiaa. Caiyooy e?eoaaeueiith a?iianoeeith i?iaiaeeeeny i?ae eiio?ieai e?ea?y aai ?ino?oeoi?a ? aoee ni?yiiaai? ia a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiono ? neee i'yc?a eiia/iino? e aiie?ooaee ?ooia o noaeia?. Ie ia e?i?ooaaee eooe naeiaiiy a eie?iiiio noaeia? ?, ye i?aaeei, eoo naeiaiiy 90 a?aaeon?a aeinyaaany aei e?ioey 4 oeaei? i?ney ciyooy a?iniai? iia'ycee. Oiaeueaa ca aeiiiiiaith ieeeoeue aac iaaaioaaeaiiy ia iia?iaaio eiioeiaeo aeicaieyeany c ae?oaiai aeiy. Aeey caiia?aaiiy ?icaeoeo a?o?ioia?ica, oai?? oaeiae aeeiioaaee aenoaiciiiii ?ciiao?e/i? ai?aae o?e/i a aeaiue ii 15-20 oaeeei. Aeiciaaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia e?ioeiaeo aeicaieyee a a?iniaiio oooi?i /a?ac 3 oeaei?, a iiaio - /a?ac 5-6 oeaei?a iiney iia?aoe??. An? oai?? iaea?aeoaaee ianaae i'yc?a noaaia ? aii?eee ? 10, e?eoaaeueio o?ceoeueoo?o aeey eie?iiiai noaeiaa ?10 eo?naie, oaie? ia?ao?iia? aie?eaoe?? ?10. Aeey oaeaeeiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oiiono i'yc?a, ui ? aeeiai?/ieie noaa?e?caoi?aie eie?iiiai noaeiaa, i?iaiaeeee eo?n aeaeo?iiiinoeioeyoei? /ioe?ueioaieiaiai i'yca ? i'yc?a naeiaeueii? a?oie. C iaoith i?io?eaeoeee aeaoi?ioth/iai a?o?ica i?ecia/aee eo?n iaaiioioa?aii? ia eie?iiee noaeia ? 10, oeueo?acaoea c aeae?iei?oiciiii ? 10, a?oaia?ii ii 1 ie aioo?enoaeiaiai ca noaiith (17 /ieia?e), aeoeooii ii 2 ie aioo?enoaeiaiai ca noaiith, aiaaicii ii 5 oaaeaoie o?e/i a aeiao eo?naie. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a?aeiiaeaiiy ooeiaeaeaieo ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie, oia iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea, ia?oeiaeueia aai oioaeueia eiai aeaeaeaiiy, cae?eniai? a aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie, ni?eyee a?eueo oaeaeeiio a?aeiiaeaiith i?aoeacaeaoiino? ? iiia?aaeaeaiith oneeaaeiaiue o aeae? inoaia?o?ica a ianooiiiio. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy a iaei?i aeiaaeeo niinoa??aaeiny oneeaaeiaiiy - ai?eiee aeaia, ui ?icaeany ia oii? aeano?oeoe?? ? caiaeaiiy a noaeia? i?ney aioo?enoaeiaiai? ai?iiiioa?aii?. ?aoeeaeea ianoaa?eueiino? iaa i?noea o iaeiiai oai?iai ? caeaaeaa a?ae oaoi?/ii? iiieeee a oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy, ui aoei anoaiiaeaii i?ae /an iiaoi?ii? a?o?ioiii?. A?aeaoaeiaia e?eoaaiiy i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny 2 i?nyoey, i?ney /iai oai?? i?enooiaee aei ?iaioe: 35 /ieia?e i?enooieee aei ?iaioe /a?ac 3 i?nyoey i?ney iia?aoe??, 9 - /a?ac 4 i?nyoey. Naia?i oai?eo ia?ai?ieee ?iaioo ia a?eueo eaaeo, ia iia'ycaio c o?eaaeith oiaeueaith, noiyiiyi. Aiie nea?aeeeeny ia iii??iee a?eue o noaeia?, ui ia?inoaea i?ney o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Cae/aeii o an?o oeeo oai?eo aoee ci?ie a iiynie/iiio a?aeae?e? o?aaoa. Oeei, i/aaeaeii, iiaeia iiynieoe nea?ae oai?eo. A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy (a?ae 6 i?nyoe?a aei 9 ?ie?a) i?inoaaeai? a 44 (86,27%) iaoe??io?a. O?iaeueia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ii ?ic?iaeai?e iaie noai? oaea: n I (ii?ia) - 20 /ieia?e (45,45 %) n II (iaeaea ii?ia) - 22 /ieia?e (50%) n III (iiaaii) - 1 /ieia?e (2,27 %) n IV (aeoaea iiaaii) - 1 /ieia?e (2,27%) Aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ii aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo a?aeiiaeaiiy iieaciee?a. Ii?iae?caoe?y ooieoe?? i'yc?a, noaeeiiiai ??/eua ? ia?aiaeo noiaao??a a?aeaoaaeany aaea aei 4 i?nyoeyi i?ney a?aeiiaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa ii iao?e iaoiaeeoe?. Ii?iae?co?oueny /an i?aeeiio ? nionea ?aiaacia?aoi/ieo oaeeue, ci?ith?oueny ?aiaacia?aoi/ia e?eaa ? ye?nii. A?coaeueii a?aecia/athoueny oaee? c aeinoaoiuei aenieith aiie?ooaeith nenoiee/ii? oaee?, aa?oeia ?? a?eueo caaino?aia. A?aeiiaeaiiy e?iaiia??oo a iaeano? aii?eee ? noiie aeae?eueea aeia?aaeaea? oaea a iaeano? noaaia. I?i iiceoeaio aeeiai?ea na?ae/eoue cieaeaiiy eiao?oe??io?a aneiao??? iieaciee?a ?aiaacia?ai aei 7-29%. I?ney iia?aoe?? ca?eueoeany aiiiioaioeiae i'yc?a ooeiaeaeaii? eiioeiaee, eiao?oe??io aneiao??? cieceany ? eieeaaany a?ae 14 aei 25%. Caoaeaeoaai?noue iaeiaiiieeiaiai ? aaeeeiaiiieeiaiai ia?a?a c?inea ? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieaciee?a caei?iai? iiae a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,5+-1,23% ? 10,5+-1,16%. Aaaiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ooeiaeaeaio iiao neeaee 38+-2,51% a?ae caaaeueii? aaae o?ea aaea a oa?i?ie 3-4 i?nyoey i?ney iia?aoe??, ui aiai?eoue i?i ii?iae?caoe?th ooieoe?? iii?e. Aea/eaoe aiaeaeaeaii ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ii? iinoo?aaiaoe/ii? ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa ii ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiaeeeao ie anoaiiaeee ia?aaaao nooiaeeeueii? aooiieanoeee ca aeiiiiiaith nooiaeeeey iaiianooiaeeeueiiai iyca. Iaoiaeeea eaaea o aeeiiaiii i iaeio?aaiaoe/ia. O aeiaaeeo a?aeiiaeaiiy o?eueee ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee o?ainieaioao caa??aa? ieoath/o i?aeeo ? eiai ?aaaneoey?ecaoeiy ? ia?aaoaeiaa eaeooue cia/ii oaeaeoa. A?aenooiy iioiia aa?an?y o a?aeiioaii? o?ainieaioaoo, a ioaea, ? ?ecee eiai aooieico ? ?aoeeaeeaa ianoaa?eueiino?. I?iaaaeaia e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo ?c o?ii?/iith iinoo?aaiaoe/iith ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth eie?iiiai noaeiaa ii cai?iiiiiaai?e iaie iaoiaeeoe? aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe a?aei?iiee ? aa?iee ?acoeueoao o 95,45 % oai?eo. Aeniiaee 1. ?cieueiaai? ?, iniaeeai, niieo/aii ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii?, aaeeeiaiiieeiai?, iaaeiaeueiiai iai?nea eie?iiiai noaeiaa aaaeooue aei ?icaeoeo ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiie ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa. Nooi?iue ianoaa?eueiino? caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o aioo?enoaeiaiaeo ooeiaeaeaiue, oa?i?i?a ?c iiiaioo o?aaie, a?eo iino?aaeaeaeiai. 2. Ae?aaiinoeea ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiie ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa oo?oaeiy?oueny a aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie ia?aaaaeaiiyi ianiaoeeoi/ieo neiioii?a o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae iaae iaoiaiiiiii/ieie i?iyaaie ianoaa?eueiino?. Oaeineiiaeaia noaia ae?aaiinoeee aeicaiey? c a?eueoi? aeieae iiaeeeaino? anoaiiaeoe nooi?iue ianoaa?eueiino? ? iiaeeea? ooeiaeaeaiiy no?oeoo? eie?iiiai noaeiaa. 3. Io?eiai? a aenia?eiaio? (ia o?oiiiio iaoa??ae?) aeai? i?i aeiaaeeio ? o?eae?noue nooiaeeeey iaiinooiaeeeueiiai i'yca na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiai a yeino? aooiieanoe/iiai iaoa??aeo i?e a?aeiiaeaii? ooeiaeaeaieo caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa. 4. Oaeineiiaeaiiy, aianai? a oaoiieia?th ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee (a?ioaaiiy nooiaeeeey e iaai?oaiiy aioo?enoaeiaiaie /anoeie o?ainieaioaoo eoen ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee), aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe onoaeai?noue noaeiaa, oieeiooe oneeaaeiaiue iia?aoe??. 5. Oneeaaeiaiiy ? iacaaeia?euei? aeoiaee e?eoaaiiy caeaaeaee a?ae ii?ooaiiy oaoiieia?? iia?aoe??, i?iaaaeaiiy ?? ia oii? caiaeueieo ? aeaaaia?aoeaii-aeeno?io?/ieo i?ioean?a o noaeia?. 6. ?ic?iaeai? iaie ee?i?/i?, aeaeo?ioiciieiai/ii ? a?iiaoai?/i? e?eoa??? aeicaieythoue ia'?eoeaii ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue o??o?a?/iiai ? a?aeaoaeiaiiai e?eoaaiiy. 7. Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai eiiieaeno ae?aaiinoe/ieo ? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe aa?i? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/ii? iinoo?aaiaoe/ii? ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? eie?iiiai noaeiaa a 95,45 % oai?eo. ?ic?iaeaiee iaie can?a o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy niieo/aieo ooeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa i?inoee o aeeiiaii?, iaeio?aaiaoe/iee, caaacia/o? aa?i? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy a iaeaeeae/iio ? a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao ? iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee aei canoinoaaiiy a oe?ie?e ee?i?/ii? i?aeoeoei. Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? 1. Aaaioa A.A., A?aaaithe TH.A. Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoe eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - I?oiiaaeey, o?aaiaoieiaey e i?ioace?iaaiea - 1999 - ? 2 -n.98-100. 2. A?aaaithe TH.A. Iniaaiiinoe ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee eieaiiiai nonoaaa aooinooiaeeeeai. - I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey. - O?oaeu E?uineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeeoeeineiai oieaa?neoaoa ei.N.E. Aai?aeaaneiai - Neioa?iiieue, 1999 - oii 135, /anoue 2 - n.66-68. 3. A?aaaithe TH.A. Oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoe eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - I?iaeaiu cae?aaiio?aiaiey e iooe aai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey - Nai?iee noaoae - III “Eaaaaeue” - Aeiiaoee ,1997 - n.97-98. 4. Aaaioa A.A., A?aaaithe TH.A. Niinia ea/aiey iia?aaeaeaiee ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie e aioo?aiiae aieiaie naycie eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - Iaoaio ia ecia?aoaiea ? 25124A; Cayaeaii 06.06.97; Iioae.athe.?6 25.12.98. Oe?aeia - 1998. 5. Aaaioa A.A., A?aaaithe TH.A. E aii?ino ea/aiey iia?aaeaeaiee ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie e aioo?aiiae aieiaie naycie eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - Aeooaeueiua aii?inu o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee - Iaoa?eaeu iao/iie eiioa?aioeee - *a?iiaoeu, 1998 - n.5-6. 6. Aaaioa A.A., A?aaaithe TH.A., Eeeiiaeoeeee A.A. E aii?ino ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - Iiaia a i?oiiaaeee, o?aaiaoieiaee e eiiaonoeieiaee - Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee - sseoa, 1997 - n.35-36. 7. A?aaaithe TH.A. Niinia ea/aiey iia?aaeaeaiee ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie e aioo?aiiae aieiaie nayie eieaiiiai nonoaaa.- Oaeinoiaa?aiea ia ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neia i?aaeeiaeaiea ? 5751.-Aeiiaoee-06.05.96. 8. A?aaaithe TH.A. Niinia a?ie?iaaiey nooiaeeeueiiai aooio?ainieaioaoa i?e ieanoeea ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee eieaiiiai nonoaaa.- Oaeinoiaa?aiea ia ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neia i?aaeeiaeaiea ?5863.- Aeiiaoee-27.05.99. 9. A?aaaithe TH.A. Niinia “oeoouaaiey” nooiaeeeueiiai aooio?ainieaioaoa eoeueoae ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee eieaiiiai nonoaaa.- Oaeinoiaa?aiea ia ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neia i?aaeeiaeaiea ? 5864-Aeiiaoee-27.05.99. A?aaaithe TH??e Ieaenaiae?iae/.. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca oaoii 14.01.21 - o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y. - Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai, Aeiiaoeueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??. - Aeiiaoeuee, 1999. Caoeua?oueny 5 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iaeei Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 3 ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe??, o yeeo a?aeia?aaeai? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ?c o?ii?/iith ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueiith ianoaa?euei?noth eie?iiiai noaeiaa. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aenia?eiaio? ia 20 i?aia?aoao eie?iiiai noaeiaa o?oi?a aei?ineeo ethaeae aea/ai? aeiaaeeia ? o?eae?noue ia ?ic?ea nooiaeeeey iaiinooiaeeeueiiai i'yca, o?eae?noue ia ?ic?ea ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee . Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oaeineiiaeaia oaoiieia?y ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? caycee ii Muller W. (1983), ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a ieanoeee ia?aaeiuei? o?anoiiiae?aii? ? aaeeeiaiiieeiai? caycie eie?iiiai noaeiaa (iaoaio ? 25124A a?ae 25.12.98.). Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/eee 164 ?noi??? oai?iae, i?ioieiee aeaeo?ioiciieiae/ieo ? a?iiaoai?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oai?eo, ui aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia a?oie a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy. Oaeineiiaeaia noaia ae?aaiinoeee, ui ocaaaeueieea iieiaeaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueii? ianoaa?eueiino? ii aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiio i?eioeei?, iieiaeaiiy I?aeia?iaeiiai eii?oaoo aeieoiaioaoe?? ii eie?iiiio noaeia? (IKDC-oi?ia) ? ae?iaeai? aeaeo?ioiciieiae/ii ? a?iiaoai?/i? e?eoa???, aeicaieeea iaaeoeaicoaaoe nooi?iue ianoaa?eueiino? aei iia?aoe?? ? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy. Iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy io?eiai? a 95,45% iino?aaeaeaeeo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: eie?iiee noaeia, o?ii?/ia ia?aaeiueiiaaeiaeueia ianoaa?euei?noue, nooiaeeeueia aooiieanoeea A?aaaithe TH?ee Aeaenaiae?iae/. Ea/aiea o?iie/aneie ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoe eieaiiiai nonoaaa. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.21 - o?aaiaoieiaey e i?oiiaaeey. - Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. I.Ai?ueeiai, Aeiiaoeeee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee. - Aeiiaoee, 1999. Caueuaaony 5 iao/iuo ?aaio, iaeei Iaoaio Oe?aeiu e 3 ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiey, a eioi?uo ioia?aaeaiu iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee e aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ea/aiey aieueiuo n o?iie/aneie ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoueth eieaiiiai nonoaaa. Aeenna?oaoeey aeeth/aao yenia?eiaioaeueiua e eeeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. A yenia?eiaioa ia 20 i?aia?aoao eieaiiiai nonoaaa o?oiia ac?ineuo ethaeae eco/aiu aeeeia e i?i/iinoue ia ?ac?ua nooiaeeeey iieonooiaeeeueiie iuooeu, i?i/iinoue ia ?ac?ua ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee. I?e yoii onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeeeia e i?i/iinoue nooiaeeeey iieonooiaeeeueiie iuooeu iia?aaeaeaiiie eiia/iinoe aeinoaoi/iu aeey iaeiia?aiaiiiai ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie e aieueoaaa?oeiaie eieeaoa?aeueiie naycie eieaiiiai nonoaaa. Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia oniaa?oainoaiaaia oaoiieiaey ieanoeee ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie naycee ii Muller W. (1983), ?ac?aaioai iiaue niinia ieanoeee ia?aaeiae e?anoiia?aciie e aieueoaaa?oeiaie eieeaoa?aeueiie naycie eieaiiiai nonoaaa (iaoaio ? 25124A io 25.12.98.). Iaoiaeeea i?inoa a eniieiaiee e iaeio?aaiaoe/ia, ionoonoaoao eiioiiay aa?anney i?aaiecia a ioiioaiea o?ainieaioaoa, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, nieaeaaony ?ene aai aooieeca e ?aoeeaeeae?iaaiey ianoaaeeueiinoe. Eeeie/aneea enneaaeiaaiey aeeth/eee 164 enoi?ee aieacie, i?ioieieu yeaeo?ioeceieiae/aneeo e aeiiaoaie/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee aieueiuo, eioi?ua auee ?ani?aaeaeaiu ia a?oiiu a caaeneiinoe io iaoiaea ea/aiey. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiiay noaia aeeaaiinoeee, iaiaueaoay iieiaeaiey eeanneoeeaoeee ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoe ii aiaoiii-ooieoeeiiaeueiiio i?eioeeio, iieiaeaiey Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai eiieoaoa aeieoiaioaoeee ii eieaiiiio nonoaao(IKDC-oi?ia) e au?aaioaiiua yeaeo?ioeceieiae/aneea e aeiiaoaie/aneea e?eoa?ee, iicaieeea iauaeoeaece?iaaoue noaiaiue ianoaaeeueiinoe aei iia?aoeee e ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey. Eeeie/aneea iaaethaeaiey i?iaiaeeeenue ia i?ioyaeaiee 15 eao. Iie iiaeoaa?aeeee oeaeaniia?aciinoue nooiaeeeueiie aooiieanoeee nayci/iiai aiia?aoa eieaiiiai nonoaaa i?e ea/aiee o?iie/aneie ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiie ianoaaeeueiinoe. Oniaa?oainoaiaaiiay e i?aaeeiaeaiiay iaoiaeeee iicaieytho ia 2 iaaeaee nie?aoeoue n?iee eiiiaeeecaoeee, ainnoaiiaeoaeueiiai ea/aiey, iao?oaeiniiniaiinoe. Iieiaeeoaeueiua ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey iieo/aiu o 95,45% iino?aaeaaoeo. Eeth/aaea neiaa: eieaiiue nonoaa, o?iie/aneay ia?aaeiaiaaeeaeueiay ianoaaeeueiinoue, nooiaeeeueiay aooiieanoeea. Grebenuk Yuri Alexandrovich. The cure of chronic anterior medial unsteadyness of knee joint. Manuscript. The thesis for obtaining a degree of candidate by the speciality 14.01.21 of traumatology and orthopaedy. Donetsk State medical university of M.Gorky, Donetsk researching institute of traumatology and orthopaedy. Donetsk, 1999. Defended are 5 scientific themes, one Patent of Ukraine and 3 rationalization proposals in which the obtained results of experimental researches are shown together with the analysis of results of treatment of the diseased with chronic anterior medial unsteadyness of knee joint. The thesis includes experimental and clinical researches. In the experiments upon 20 preparations of knee joint of adult persons corpses were learned the lenght and the firmness of tendon of semitendon muscle, the firmness of anterior cruciform ligament. On the base of the results obtained was improved the technology of reconstruction of anterior cruciform ligament by Muller W. (1983) and elaborated a new method of reconstruction of anterior cruciform and tibia collateral ligaments of knee joint ( patent ? 25124A of 25.12.98.). Clinical researches include 164 histories of illness, minutes of electrophisical and biomechanical researches of the diseased that were splited to groups in accordance with the method of the treatment. Improved scheme of diagnostics summed up, the points of classification of anterior medial unsteadyness according to anatomic functional principle, regulations of International commetee of documentation for knee joint ( IKDC-form) and created electrophisical and biomechanical criterions permitted to extract a degree of unsteadyness before operation and the results of treatment. The positive results were obtained from 95,45% of the injured. knee joint, chronical anterior medial unsteadyness, reconstruction with the aid of proper tendon

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