Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Aaaeaieiaa A?eoi??y Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 808.3:800.866:61

Eaeneea o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie a oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao

?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 — oe?a?inueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe

Caii??aeaey — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae

Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iiiianueeee Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,

Aa?iai Einoyioei Oaaei?iae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? oa eoeueoo?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aeooiaoeaaa Eaoa?eia Aeieo??aia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — E??iaia?aaenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Aeiie/aiea, eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. E??iaia?aae

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 29 » /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiae.
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17.051.02. i?e
Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ( 330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe.
AEoeianueeiai 66, ei?i.2 ,o?eieia?/iee oaeoeueoao, aoae. 230).

?c aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai
66, ei?i.2).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 25 » o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee O.A. Oii’ye

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Inoaii?i /anii o a?o/eciyiiio
iiaiciaanoa? iiaeaaaeeinue aea/aiiy eaene/iiai ??aiy aiai??a ye
iaae/a?iiiai oaeoieia?/iiai aeaea?aea aeey anaa?/iiai oa aeeaieiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii? iiae. Ia iniaeeao oaaao
caneoaiao? niaoe?aeueia eaeneea, o ye?e aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeaeaathoueny
??ciiiai?oi? ci?ie a aeeaiio iiaeaii? iin??a ae?aeaeo?a. O ?aoa?iaai?e
?iaio? ?icaeyiooa eaeneea o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie
oe?a?inueeeo aia??ie ?iaoeuenueei — Aocueeiai iaaee??//y. Iacaaaeath/e
ia aeine?aeieoeuee? caoiaee, eaeneea ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie /EII/ ia
nueiaiaei? aea/aia iaaeinoaoiuei, oi/a aiia ? iaeiei ?c aeya?a
na?oiaeyaeo oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iaei??th c iaea?oa?/i?oeo ?
iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo o naiaioe/iiio, no?oeoo?iiio, aoeiieia?/iiio ieaiao.

Ie?ai? a?aeiiino? i?i ia?iaeiiiaaee/io oa?i?iieia??th ciaoiaeeii
ia?aaaaeii a i?aoeyo aoiia?ao?a oa iaaeee?a /A.*aie, I.?aauaiea,
A.Iao?iaa, I.Ia?eaae/a, N.Aa?o?aonueeiai, A.Ieei?aaeiae/a, C.Aieoa?iae/,
?.Oianoooe, I.Coaeoeueei? oa ?i./, ui iienoaaee ia?iaei? niiniae
e?eoaaiiy iaaeoa, iaeii/anii cana?ae/oth/e e ia?iaei? iacae oai?ia
/IIO/. Aeey aeine?aeiee?a eaeneee oae? ?iaioe ? eeoa iaoa??aeii, ia
iniia? yeiai c’yniaothoueny naiaioe/iee ci?no ie?aieo oa?i?i?a,
aaia?ao?y ?o iioe?aiiy, o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia
oe?a?inueeiio iiaiiio ??oio?. Na?aae i?aoeue, ui o?enothoue aoiia?ao?/i?
oa eaene/i? caiene c ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie I?aaeaiii? Oe?a?ie,
a?aecia/eii ioae?eaoe?? A.ssno?aaiaa, ?.Aanna?aae, ss.Iiaeoeueeiai,
?.Iaiaeo?e, A.Aaaaiea. O?aaiaioa?ii i?aaenoaaeythoue ie?ai? iiiyooy
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie a iaoeiaeo ?ica?aeeao c ?noi?e/ii? eaeneeieia??
A.A.I?i/oe, O.A.Ieauoe, A.E.Aaean, I.N.Eiaaeue/oe oa ?.N.ss?ai/oe,
caaaeueiiiiai? oa ?aa?iiaeuei? neiaieee, cie?aia “Neiaiee aia??ie
Aocueei-?iaoeuenueeiai a?aaeo”, oeeaaeaiee aeeeaaea/aie eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae Ieeiea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo
E.N.Niaiao?e, A.N.Noi?oi, I.I.Oei/aiei oa A.I.Oiea?ai.

?yae ??oioiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo ??ai?a
i?aaeaiii-no?aeieo ae?aeaeo?a cae?eniaii E.I.Aecaiaecae?anueeei,
ss.Ae.Iaa?iei, A.A.Iineaeaieii, ?.A.Iaoa?ynii, A.N.Aauaieii,
A.A.*aaaiaieii, A.I.Iiiianueeei oa ?i. Iaoa??aee oe?a?inueeeo aia??ie
?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y, a naia oa?eoi??? Ieeiea?aueie,
iineoaeeee iniiaith aeey aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?e E.N.Oa?aoei, A.O.Iaeeo
oa E.A.Iineaeaiei. EII o aecia/aiiio ?aa?ii? ua ia aoea ia’?eoii
niaoe?aeueiiai aiae?co. ?aoa?iaaia ?iaioa ? ni?iaith caiiaieoe iaeio c
eaiie oe?e?nii? iaoeiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aia??ie i?ciuei? oi?iaoe??, ui
coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?aenooi?noue nooe?eueiiai aea/aiiy
eaeneee ia?iaeieo aiai??a aaeueio? ?iaioo c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae,
aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ii?i,
aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeiiai i?ioeano ci?i aeeaiai iiaeaiiy a i?inoi?? e
/an?. Aei oiai ae o?aaa caa?aaoe aeey iaoee oe?ii? nea?ae ia?iaeii?
iaaeeoeeie, ye? iiaooothoue ia?aaaaeii na?aae iaoeaioe?a noa?oiai
iieie?iiy e /a?ac aeayeee /an iiaeooue aooe ao?a/ai? iacaaaeaee.

Iii?oiei aianeii a ?noi??th aea/aiiy EII ? ioae?eaoe?? oa aeena?oaoe?y
ss.TH.Aaeaethe “Eaeneea ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie oe?a?inueeeo aiai??a
I?eea?iaooy” /Oaeai?iae, 1974/. Aeine?aeieoey ?icaeyaea? IIO, iacae
o?c?ieia?/ieo yaeu oa neiioii?a caoai?thaaiue c iiaeyaeo naiaioeee,
iioiaeaeaiiy oa neiaioa??ii? aoaeiae, iaaiaeeoue /eneaii? ia?aeae? c
aiai??a oe?a?inueei? iiae oa ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo iia. Aiia caa?oa? oaaao
ia iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy oeueiai oa?o eaeneee, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo oa ia?iaeii?iciiaieo iaca o aiai?ao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
iaeano?. Inoaii?i /anii aeoea?coaaeanue ?iaioa c?
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai oa e?iaaiaaia?ao?/iiai aiae?co EII ia Iie?nn?,
ui iia’ycaii c? noai?aiiyi ?aa?iiaeueiiai Eaene/iiai aoeano iie?nueei?
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie oa e?eoaaeueii? iaa??, aeena?oaoe?eiei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi A.I.Iien??iea “Iii?iaoe?y a iie?nuee?e ia?iaei?e
iaaeeoeei? oa e?eoaaeuei?e iaa??” /Ee?a, 1994/.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?aoa?iaaia ?iaioa
aeeiiaia a ?one? Caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie
oe?ieiianooaaiiai aea/aiiy eaeneee ??cieo oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ia?iaeii?
oa?i?iieia??, noai?aiiy “Neiaieea oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo aiai??a“ oa
“Eaene/iiai aoeano oe?a?inueei? iiae”. Aiia aoiaeeoue ye i?aai?/ia
/anoeia a ieai iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Ieeiea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo iaae oeeaaeaiiyi
“Neiaieea ia?iaeii? iiae Ieeiea?aueie”. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ocaiaeaeaia c
ieaiii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ?ice?eaa? iaeei ?c aniaeo?a oaie “I?e?iaea ?
no?oeoo?a eaene/ieo oa a?aiaoe/ieo iaeeieoeue oe?a?inueei? iiae oa ?o
i?iaeoe?e ia noa?o iiaeaiiy”.

Iaoa ?iaioe: iiaeaoe eiiieaeniee /eaeneei-naiaioe/iee, neiaioai?/ee,
aoeiieia?/iee, e?iaaiaaia?ao?/iee/ aiae?c eaeneee o?aaeeoe?eii?
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie a oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai
iaaee??//y a c?noaaeaii? c a?aeiia?aeieie oaeoaie oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo iia oa ?o aiai??a.

O ?iaio? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1) c’ynoaaoe neeaae ? naiaioe/io no?oeoo?o aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaiaoe/ii?
a?oie eaeneee a iaaeao ie?aneaiiai a?aaeo Ieeiea?aueie; c?a?aoe ? aaanoe
a iaoeiaee ia?a eaeneeia?ao?/iiai ia ca?a?no?iaaiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae;

2) aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? aaia?ao?/iiai iioe?aiiy e aa??aoeaiino?
ianoaaeoaaii? eaeneee;

3) aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo e ooieoe?iioaaiiy EII oa ?? aiaeia??
a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie oa aia??eiaeo ianeaao ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo iia;

4) aea/eoe i?ioeane iii?iaoe?? o neeaae? aia??eiai? iaaee/ii?
oa?i?iieia??;

5) anoaiiaeoe aeaea?aea oi?ioaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeeieoeue;

6) aecia/eoe i?aeoaiaoe/i? no?oeoo?i? noiaeaeaiiy, ui ? iniiaith
?aaoey?ieo aoi?eiieo iii?iaoe?e ? iaeaaaeeea?oei caniaii aea/aiiy
i?ioeano naiaioe/ii? aea?eaaoe??;

7) aeyaeoe ii?iaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? EII aeine?aeaeoaaiiai a?aaeo a
oi?ioaaii? oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? oa?i?iieia??.

Iniiaia aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.
Aeena?oaoe?y ??oiooaaeany ia?aaaaeii ia iieueiaeo iaoa??aeao, caienaieo
aaoi?ii i?ae /an aeniaaeeoe?? oa c?a?aieo aieaoiei oeyoii ia iniia?
niaoe?aeueii neeaaeaii? i?ia?aie, ui ioiieth? aeecueei 450 ieoaiue.
Ianoaaeaii 125 ianaeaieo ioieo?a Ieeiea?anueei? iaeano? a 1990-1997 ??.
Aeey ii??aiyiiy oa c?noaaeaiiy a?aeiiinoae i?i i?iaeiaaeaiiy ?ciaein oa
a?aae?a iiaieo yaeu aeiaeaoeiai c?a?aii iaoa??ae ?c 16 ianaeaieo ioieo?a
– ? a non?aei?o iaeanoae — Oa?niinueei?, Iaeanueei?, E??iaia?aaenueei?.
I?ia?aia ia?aaeaa/a? o?enaoe?th ia?iaeieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oai?ia,
??ciiiai?oieo ?iciia?aeae ?c oe??? o?aaeeoe?eii? eaiee ia?iaeieo ciaiue,
caien caiiaeaiue, i?eiiaie, ia?ai?e, ui aeathoue oe?iiee iaoa??ae aeey
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eaene/iiai neeaaeo aiai??a, iiyniaiiy aoeiieia?? IIO /o
?iaio? oae? a?aeiiino? iiaeathoueny ye ?ethno?aoe??, /anoeia oeeo
iaoa??ae?a i?noeoueny a “Aeiaeaoeao”/. C o??th ae iaoith caeo/aeenue
aeey iieno i?eeeaaee c ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e, ia?aaaaeii oea oai?e
i?noeaaeo ienueiaiiee?a N.*a?eanaiea, ?.A?eao?ea oa ?i. Aeei?enoaii
oaeiae aeai? neiaiee?a ye oe?a?inueei? iiae, oae ? ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo
iia, aoiia?ao?/ia e?oa?aoo?a, ioae?eaoe?? ae?aeaeoieia?a oiui /aeea.
nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, aeiaeaiee aei aeena?oaoe??/. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae aea? iiaeeea?noue aena?oeeoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa
neeaae c?a?aii? eaeneee o an?e ?? aaaaoia?aiiino?.

Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaaii o oi?i? aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue, i?i/eoaieo ia ?yae? iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, ?
a?aeia?aaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo oac oa noaoae. O ni?aaaoi?noa? c
I.A.A?eeueiaith, yea iaaeaea oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, iaae?oeiaaii noaooth
“?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae iiaith ? noeeai e?eoaaeueieo caiiaeaiue
Ieeiea?aueie”.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe noaiiaeoue ae?aeaeoe/ia oai??y i?ciaiiy,
cie?aia iieiaeaiiy i?i ?aei?noue ie?aiiai ? caaaeueiiai, i?i i?ino?? ?
/an ye iaa?ae’?ii? ao?eaooe ?nioaaiiy iiae, ui ia?aaeaa/a? o?aooaaiiy
aaaaoiieaiiaeo nenoaiieo ca’yce?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeeieoeue.
Iniiaiiieiaeiith ? oaeiae aeoiea i?i ca’ycie ?noi??? iiae c ?noi???th
ia?iaeo, yeee ? oai?oeai ? iin??i oe??? iiae, a oaeiae i?i iiae ye
aeaiaio iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye neeaaeiao iaoe?iiaeueii? iai’yo?.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie ? iieniaee, ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee ? c?noaaiee.
Oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny e e?iaaiaaia?ao?/iee iaoiae, yeee aea?
i?inoi?iao oa?aeoa?enoeeo eaene/ieo yaeu.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa cae?eniaii
aaaaoiieaiiaa aea/aiiy iaei??? c iaea?oa?/i?oeo a?oi eaeneee a aia??eao
I?ai?/iiai I?e/i?iiii?’y, oaaaeaii a iaoeiaee ia?a iiaee oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae. Iiaei ? aecia/aiiy oiai, ye? c eaene/ieo yaeu ? ?acoeueoaoii
??ciiiiaieo ? i?aeae?aeaeoieo eiioaeooaaiue, a ye? – ?acoeueoaoii
aioo??oiueiai ?icaeoeo aia??ie ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
iiaeooue aeaoe iiao e?iaa?noe/io oa e?iaaiaaia?ao?/io ?ioi?iaoe?th aei
“Neiaieea oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo aiai??a” oa “Neiaieea aia??ie
Aocueei-?iaoeuenueeiai a?aaeo”, a oaeiae aeey noai?aiiy “Eaene/iiai
aoeano oe?a?inueei? iiae” oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai aoeano. Aiie ciaaeiaeyoueny
aeey aiaeia?/ieo ?ica?aeie a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao, aeey aea/aiiy i?aeiiaieo ?
i?aeae?aeaeoieo eiioaeo?a. Eaene/iee oa aoiia?ao?/iee iaoa??ae
aeena?oaoe?? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee o aoc?anuee?e i?aeoeoe? a eo?nao
?noi??? iiae, eaeneeieia??, ae?aeaeoieia??, aoiie?iaa?noeee,
ia?iaeiciaanoaa oiui. Caaaeyee iiaeai?e ?ioi?iaoe?? aeyaeai? oe?ii?
aeaea?aea aeey ?icoi?iiy ia?iaeii? ao?ieia??, iii?iaio?a e?eoaaeueii?
iaa??, ui a?aeaeaathoue aeooiaiee ? i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae ia iaeiiai
iieie?iiy.

Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?ciaai? aaoi?ii o eo?n? “Anooi aei
neia’yinueei? o?eieia??”, ui aeeeaaea?oueny o Ieeiea?anueeiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio ?inoeooo?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee aena?oeai? ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa ? i?iaeaie aeoiaaiiy
iieiae?» /Oa?nii, 1995/, Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo” /Caii??aeaey,
1996/, Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y
? no/ani?noue” /Ee?a, 1996/, Anaoe?a?inuee?e V?? iiiianoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? /Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997/, I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee ? a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??”
/Eooeuee, 1997/, Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oe?a?inueea iiaa
— aea?aeaaia iiaa Oe?a?ie” /Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998/, ??-?e
Ieeiea?anueeee iaeani?e e?a?ciaa/?e eiioa?aioe?? “?noi??y. Aoiia?ao?y.
Eoeueoo?a. Iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy” /Ieeiea?a, 1997/, i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “E?a?ciaa/a niaaeueia o a?ae?iaeaeaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee” /Ieeiea?a, 1997/ oa ?i. Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe oa
?icae?ee ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae Ieeiea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo oa ca?oieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a. Aeena?oaoe?y a oe?eiio
iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aniaeoe aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a?aeia?aaeai? a 21-e ioae?eaoe??.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?aoa?iaaia aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiae?a. Ianya ?iaioe – 173 noi??iee. Aei ?iaioe
aeiaea?oueny ia?ae?e oiiaieo iicia/aiue – 8 noi??iie, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae /238 iiceoe?e/, “C?acee ae?aeaeoiiai iiaeaiiy
?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y”, 8 ea?oinoai.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O Anooi? ia??oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, ?icaeyaea?oueny
noai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie, oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa oa caaaeaiiy
?iaioe, aecia/athoueny iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai aeaea?aea oa
iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a, ?ice?eaathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia e i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeeeaaea?oueny ca’ycie ?c iaoeiaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oeacothoueny oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? iaoa??aeo. Oaeiae ooo
?icaeyiooi aoiiaaiac iienoaaii? oa?eoi???, cie?aia a?aecia/aii, ui
iaea?/iith ?enith I?e/i?iiii?’y ? iie?aoi?/i?noue ? iia’ycaia c oeei
??ciiiiai?noue, yea coiiaeaia neeaaeieie oiiaaie oi?ioaaiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie. Oae, caieyie i?aaiaa?aaeaey I?aaeaiiiai Aoao a
?? iieiaei? O?V no. aieiae?ee Oo?a//eia, e?einuee? oaoa?e; oa?eoi??y
i?ae ??/eaie Eiaeeiith, I?aaeaiiei Aoaii oa Neithoith iaeaaeaee Eeoa?, a
caiaeii Iieueu?; i?ai?/ii-no?aeia E?aiaa?aaeaey o?nii iia’ycaia c
?noi???th caii?icueeiai eicaoeoaa. C inoaiiuei? /aa?o? OV??? no. caie?
no/anii? Ieeiea?anueei? iaeano? aoiaeeee aei neeaaeo Iiai?in?enueei?
aoaa?i??. ?ioaineaia canaeaiiy oa aeicanaeaiiy oa?eoi??? iia’ycaia c
i?aai?caoe??th ooo a?enueeiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa aaei??aeoaenueeeo
iinaeaiue, ?iicaiieo caieaaeanieoeueeeo eieii?e ?c na?anueeeo,
aieaa?nueeeo, a?aoeueeeo, iieaeaanueeeo, i?iaoeueeeo ia?anaeaioe?a. Oa
ia?aaaaeii i?aaenoaaieee ?ioeo ia?iae?a iinaeyeenue nooe?eueiei ianeaii
a iaeiiio-aeaio naeao ? caa?aaee naith iiao aei oeueiai /ano. Cia/ii
a?eueoa aoei ia?anaeaioe?a-oe?a?ioe?a. Eicaee oa naeyie-ao?ea/? c
I?aaiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie /iniaeeai Na?aaeiuei? Iaaeaei?i?yiueie,
Neiaiaeaiueie, Ee?anueei?, Iieoaanueei? aoaa?i??/, a oaeiae ?c
i?aaeaiieo aoaa?i?e ?in?? /Eo?nueei?, ?ycainueei?, Ai?iiacueei?,
I?eianueei?/ oa A?ei?on?? /A?oaanueei? oa Iiaee?anueei?/ caniiaoaaee a
I?e/i?iiii?’? nai? iinaeaiiy. Ua c e?ioey OV?? no. i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?
?aeiie Ieeiea?aueie /A?aae??anueeee, E?eaiica?nueeee, Ia?aiiaenueeee/
canaeyeeny aeo?aeoeyie c Iiae?eey.

Iiaa oaeey ia?anaeaioe?a o 50-60 ??. iaoiai noie?ooy c Aaee/eie,
Aoeiaeie, Caea?iaooy ioiieea cia/ii a?eueoo oa?eoi??th iaeano?. Oeae
i?ioean ci?ooaaiiy ianaeaiiy o?eaaa ? o?eaa? iino?eii. Oiio a?eueoa
/anoeia aia??ie ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y iaeaaeeoue aei
noaiiaiai aiai?o i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ae?aeaeoo oe?a?inueei? iiae, a
i?ai?/ii-cao?aei? – aei iiae?euenueeiai aiai?o i?aaeaiii-cao?aeii?
ae?aeaeoii? a?oie.

Iacaaie ?icae?e?a iniiaii? /anoeie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaee
i?aea?oie, aeae?eai? iaie na?aae EII. Ca iaiao?aei?noth
aeie?aieththoueny eaeneei-naiaioe/i? a?oie oa i?aea?oie a?aeiia?aeii aei
iaaee/ii? eeaneo?eaoe??, eia?ei-naiaioe/iiai /eaioaaiiy oa
aeeoa?aioe?eieo iciae iienoaaieo yaeu. Iiae?e ia i?e?inenoaie, o iaaeao
yeeo aiae?cothoueny ie?ai? eiiiiiaioe, ia iaoo aeoieo,
iae?aoe?iiaeuei?oee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii? a?oie eaeneee.

O aeena?oaoe?? a?aenooi? ?ic??ciaiiy eaeneee ia oa?i?iieia?th oa
iiiaieeaoo?o. Aa?o/e aei oaaae, ui ?iciiae?e ua ia noaa o?aaeeoe?eiei a
oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? (i?iaeaia ciaoiaeeoueny ia aeeneon?eiiio
??ai?) ? a iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo EII iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa
onoaeaiiio iicia/aiith “oa?i?iieia?y”, i?ae iaaee/iith oa?i?iieia??th
?icoi??ii a?aee?eoo nenoaio iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue, ??cieo ca
no?oeoo?ith oa iioiaeaeaiiyi, ye? niaoe?ae?ciaai? eaene/ii (noai?ai? oa
caiice/ai? oa?i?ie), naiaioe/ii (caaaeueiiaaeeaai? neiaa, ui io?eiaee
oa?i?iieia?/ia cia/aii?) ? o?acaieia?/ii (iiainoai?ai? neiainiieo/aiiy
iii?iaoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o) aeey ae?aaeaiiy iaaieo iiiyoue o aaeoc?
iaaeeoeeie. Ia?iaeia oa?i?iieia?y ia? oae? ae ooieoe??, aeao?i?oe?? oa
aecia/aia i?noea a oa?i?iinenoai?, ye ? iaoeiaa, aea a?ae??ciy?oueny
noa?ith iiaoooaaiiy (onia oa oieueeei?ia iiaeaiiy), ??aiai
noaiaea?oecaoe??, ia/?oe?noth iiiyoo?aeo iaae, ?icaaeoaeai?noth
neiii?i?/ieo ?yae?a, aeni?aneaiei caaa?aeaiiyi.

Aiae?c eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue ioi?ieaii o aeaeyae? ie?aieo neiaieeiaeo
noaoae, ui iathoue oaeo no?oeoo?o: iaaiaeyoueny an? iayai? aia??eia?
a?aeiia?aeieee aei i?aaenoaaeaii? iacae c o?aooaaiiyi ?o oiiaoe/ieo ?
ii?oieia?/ieo aa??aio?a, aeaco?oueny eieae?caoe?y yaeua, ?ice?eaa?oueny
naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a oa?i?ia oa eiai aaiacen, c’yniao?oueny aoeiieia?y
oa i?eioeei iii?iaoe??, iaaiaeyoueny i?aeae?aeaeoi? oa i?aeiiai?
a?aeiia?aeieee, iiaeathoueny ?ethno?aoe?? c iaoeiaeo ? ooaeiaei?o
aeaea?ae , ?c oieueeei?iiai iiaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iacae aea?iaoieia?/ieo oai?ia, ooeiaeaeaiue ?
ooai?aiue” anoaiiaeth?oueny eia?ei-naiaioe/ia i?aai?caoe?y oe???
oaiaoe/ii? i?aea?oie, a?aecia/a?oueny, ui aiia iae??ciiiai?oi?oa oa
iae?icaeiai?oa ca no?oeoo?ith, naiaioe/ieie a?aeo?ieaie, aeiai?ii
iioeaaoe?eieo iciae, ai aea?iaoieia?/i? o?aaeaiiy ? iaeiioe?ai?oeie a
iianyeaeaiiiio aeeoo? ethaeae. Eaene/i? iaeeieoe? ooai?ththoue
?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio, o iaaeao yei? iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae?
eaeneei-naiaioe/i? a?oie oa i?aea?oie:

?. Iaeiaioaaiiy eieaeueieo iioeiaeaeaiue ? ooai?aiue ia oe???.

1. Aiey/ee, ia?eae: /e?ye, no/a aei’y, iaia?eoe?e, y/i?iue.

2. O?ace, oiaoi ia?aaaaeii iaai?ei? ?aie, aaaee.

3. Ia?inoe, iioeeino? ia o?e?: ai?iaeaaea, aoey, iicieue, iioo.

4. ??ciiiai?oi? ieyie: aaniyiee, neiaoeue, ?iaeei? oa i?aiaioi? (o
aaa?oii?) ieyie.

??. Iacae aea?iaoieia?/ieo oai?ia: eoia, ei?inoa, aeneie oa o?e?.

O iacaaieo a?oiao oa i?aea?oiao eaenaie ia’?aeiothoueny a ?yae iiiceoe?e
oa i?e?iia?aaeeai ia iniia? aeeoa?aioe?eieo iciae, na?aae yeeo
aecia/aeueieie ? a?coaeuei? (?ici??, oi?ia, eie?? iicia/oaaiiai
o?aaeaiiy, i?noea ciaoiaeaeaiiy, nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy oeaiei o?ea) oa
nioe?aeuei? /eiieee (aaeeaaiiy ii?iaoeaii? eaeneee o ni?aa?aeiioaii? c
ae?aeaeoiith, caiice/aieo ne?a, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeoeaieo oa ianeaieo
oa??a eaeneee, ca’ycie c ia?iaeieie cae/ayie, iia??’yie oiui).

Aeey i?eeeaaeo iaaaaeaii o nei?i/aiiio aeaeyae? noaooth 1.3.2. Iaeei ?c
??ciiaeae?a aea?iaoeoo – ei?inoa a ianoaaeoaaieo aia??eao i?aaenoaaeaiee
iiiaiaie ei?onoa, ea?onoa, /anooea, /’?nooea, /anooea, /’ana/’ea,
/’anooea; /ooa/ea, /ooa/’ea; naa?aooa, na’i?aa, naa?ae’a/ea; ii?eeoaea,
ii?eeica; ca?aca. O aeena?oaoe?? aanue iaoa??ae iaeaaeii
ianii?oeco?oueny

Caaaeueiiaaeeaaiei a oe?. e?o. iia? oa ?? aia??eao, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
/eneaiieie aeaea?aeaie, ? ni?eueiineia’yinueeee oa?i?i ei?inoa ( ine. *
korsta). O oiiaoe/iiio aa??aio? ea?inoa cana?ae/aii oa?aeoa?ia aeey
aeeaiai iiaeaiiy cai?uaiiy iaiaaieioaiiai /i/ – /a/; ii?. iicoe’ –
iacoe’, ai?oaeacea – aa??aeacea, aa?aaeacea.. ?ieiee aiane?aeie
ia/?oeiai oyaeaiiy i?i ao?ieia?th oai?ia a?aeaoaa?oueny naiaioe/ia
niaoe?ae?caoe?y oa?i?i?a, ? ae?aeaeoiiin?? aeacothoue, ui ei?inoa aoaa?
o oaa?ei, a a ethaeae – aecaia.

Oe?ieia?aeiiei o aeaiiio ?aa?ii? ? iaeiaioaaiiy /anioea, ooai?aia a?ae
/anaoe ye noo?enaeueiee aea?eaao (/anioa + ue – /a/ ) oa eiai oiiaoe/i?
iiaeeo?eaoe /’?nooea, /’anooea, /anooea.. Noo?enaeueiei niiniaii
ooai?aii oaeiae eieae?ci /’ana/’ea. Ii?. o A.Aeaey /anooea, /an
“ei?inoa, nei”, /anioa “naa?a?ae”, /anioea “nei ?c neeueiei coaeii”.

Caaaeai? aeua iacae aaeeaathoueny a noaeeo niieoeao oeio “i?e/aieany aei
iaia, ye ei?inoa”, “/anioea iaiaea” i?ieeueiiao oeio“ei?inoa a oaaa
iiaeea!”.

A?ae ae??ne?aii? iniiae /ooa-/oe/ ooai?aii aea?eaao /ooa/ea oa aa??aio
/ooa/’ea. O “Neiaieeo aia??ie Aocueei-?iaoeuenueeiai a?aaeo” cao?eniaaia
/ooa/ea ye “ca?acia oai?iaa a ethaeeie, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny naa?a?iiyi
oe??e” oa “ei?inoa iaaoeue”. O aeaea?aeao a?aecia/ai? aooe. /ooaaea,
/ooa/ea, iie?n. /ooaiea, /ooaaea, aiei. /ooia.

Iioeaaoe?eii i?ici?eie ? aia??eia? oa?i?ie naa?ae’a/ea, naa?aooa,
na’i?aa a?ae naa?a?-/oe/, ui a?aeii? ia iicia/aiiy naie “eineioeeaa,
oai?iaeeaa iiae?aciaiiy oe??e, neeciai? iaieiiee, yea aeeeeea? iio?aao
/ooaoe iiae?aciaia i?noea”. C oeei cia/aiiyi aaeeaa?oueny naa?aey/ea a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo?i?e iia? [NOI, ?O, 63]. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo
aia??eao na’??aa a?aeiia ua ye ia?aiinia “ethaeeia, yea nai?ie ae?yie,
neiaaie i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?eee”. O iayaieo o iaoiio ?icii?yaeaeaii?
aeaea?aeao ciaoiaeeii oe?. ae?ae. naa?a?/ea, nae?a’y/ea, naa?ay/ea,
naa?aey/ea, naa?aioa, naa?a, nae?ae?/ea, ?. ae?ae. nai?ia, naa?a?ae,
naa?aioa, naa?a, i. swiezb, swedzenie, /.svrab.

Ii?eeiaea ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi??? a?aeiia oaeiae ?c cia/aiiyie
“iaia?eoe?e” oa “ea?aoieoe”. Iacaa ii?eeica o?eno?oueny a “Neiaieeo
ae?aeaeoeci?a oe?a?inueeeo aia??ie Iaeanueei? iaeano?” A..A.Iineaeaiea
ye aaeeaaia o Iiaoaeae?.

Iiiai ca?aca a?eueo a?aeiiee ia iicia/aiiy a?o?naie “?ioaeoe?eia
oai?iaa” ? ae?acii aeaco? ia iaeaeia noaaeaiiy aei iaaeoae.

O oa?i?iieia??, i?aaenoaaeai?e o oeueiio ?icae?e?, iiaeia aeie?aieoe
ieano caaaeueiiiaaee/ii? eaeneee. Oea a iniiaiiio oe?ieia?aeii?
o?aaeeoe?ei? iii?iaoe??: /e?’ae, nei’ae, ai’?iiee, ai?oaeacea, eoia oa
?i. Iniaeeao a?oio neeaaeathoue eieaeuei? ooai?aiiy: oeiae “iiciey”,
aoaecye’a “aoey”, eiiiiyoee “aaniyiee”.

Iaeiaioaaiiy ??ciiiai?oi? ca iioiaeaeaiiyi. Iniiao neeaaeathoue neiaa,
ui nyaathoue i?aneia’yinueeiai ia??iaeo: iicoe’a, aye’a, oioo.
Caiice/aiiy a oe?e i?aea?oi? i?aaenoaaeai? iacia/iith e?euee?noth:
oo?yieoe, iaia?eoe’?e oa ?i., ui a i?ioean? ooieoe?iioaaiiy caciathoue
iaaieo oiiaoe/ieo oa ii?oieia?/ieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e.

Ie?ai? eaenaie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aaaaoicia/i?noth, ca’yceaie c ?ioeie
oaiaoe/ieie a?oiaie, iai?.: aynea a?aeiia ye “iiciey; ai?iaeaaea”,
“aea?aa’yiee /a?iae, yeei ae/a?iothoue aiaeo c /iaia”, “e?eay”.

Oa?aeoa?iei ? aaeeaaiiy ne?a, ui iioeaothoueny a?coaeueieie iciaeaie,
ao?ieia??th yaeu.

Ii?yae ?c i?inoeie iiiyooyie aaeeaathoueny neiainiieo/aiiy, ye? i?noyoue
aeac?aee ia eiie?aoio aeaeiao iacao, ye-io: nooeii iicoe’ “??ciiaeae
iicie?”, nooa oey?a “eoia”; iaoaoi?e/i? oa iaoii?i?/i? ia?aianaiiy –
ea/i’ii’ “y/i?iue”, aeaaa “ai?iaeaaea”; o?acaieia?cie – ey?’a/’?
ai?oaeacee, ie?oaa e’inoea “aoey”.

A?eueo?noue eaenai oe?iei cana?ae/aii a caiiaeaiiyo oa no?eeeo cai?ioao:
“AEaae o ia/a?e, a ai?iaeaaee c o?ea”.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Iaeiaioaaiiy ?ioaeoe?eieo oai?ia” i?enay/aiee
eiiieaeniiio aiae?co aia??eiaeo a?aeiia?aeiee?a iaca ai?aeai?y:
ai’?aeei’?ea, ai’?ae’ei’?ea, iooan’o’, ioo’?n’o’, ca?aca, iaian’o’,
ii?, iiio?, oiee?a, oie’e?a; “aia?ia”: aia’iia, caaeacea, iiaeacea,
aeacea, aeaaeei, caayoieoe’a, caaaeee, oioo ao?ea, aie’ie ao?ei,
caiaeai:’a ao?ea, /a?aoia ao?ei, aeaiaee, ieaaeaee, ieiaeaeeie, iaeoaa;
“aaoeoa”: aaoeoa, aeoeoa, ae’o’?n’o’, aao, aae/aaoeoa, aao, ?oaea, ?oca,
?yaeeoe’?, e?aniyoa, /a?aiiyoa, ?oaeen’o’? ainiae’ei’?ea; “a?nia”:
a’inia, onia, aonia, aenia, aeneiea, eao?’aiea, a’?o?’aia a’inia,
a’?o?’aia onia, a’?o?iaa onia, a’?o?’aiea, a’?o?’aieoe’a, a’ao?’aiea,
oa’io?’aiea, aieea oai?oaa, aioiia a’?nia, /o?ia onia, /o?ia a’inia,
iaoo?ae’ia a’inia; “eieetho” eoee’oo, eiee’yo, eieeyo, eieoee/, eaoe’ye,
eaoeee oa ?i.

Oa?i?ie a iniiaiiio /?oei niaoe?ae?ciaai?, ia??aeei ni?a?niothoue neiaa
?ioiiiaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa neiaa no?aeiineia’yinuee? /e aeania
oe?a?inuee? o?aaeeoe?ei? iaeiaioaaiiy: aaiaoeo – aeicoyoa,
aeico’aieoe’a; aia’iia — caayoieoe’?. O ca’yceo c oe?ieei ioiieaiiyi
ianaeaiiy iaaee/iei iaeyaeii ia?iaei? iacae aeo?niythoueny iinooiiai
oa?i?iaie – ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?ciaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iio?aae o?enaoe??
oe?iiiai eaene/iiai iaoa??aeo. Aeey iii?iaoe?? ie?aieo iaaeoa oa?aeoa?ia
iaeiieiaii?noue caaeacea a?aeiia ye «aia?ia; ia?ioeo; e?ioaaeai?o”,
oiaoi ? ni?eueiith iacaith aeey oai?ia, ui iathoue iiae?ai? neiioiie:
o?aaeaiiy aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a oa iioo ai?ea.

Iioeaaoe?y a?eueoino? ooai?aiue oe?eeii i?ici?a: ca i?noeai o?aaeaiiy –
caayoieoe’a “aia?ia”, ca a?coaeueiei a?aaeaiiyi – aeico’a/ea, aeioo’aiea
“aeiaoooa”, ca noa’?eoeaieie a?ae/oooyie oai?iai – ?’?ca/’ea, ?’?cyoa
“aeecaioa??y”, nonoaae e?yoa “?aaiaoeci” oa ?i., oiio ui oe?
aeeoa?aioe?ei? iciaee /?oei ae?aaeai? aeey o??? /e ?ioi? oai?iae.

Na?aae iaca aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?aea?oie ii?yae ?c iacaaie ?iaeiaeo
iiiyoue cana?ae/ai? neiainiieo/aiiy, ye? aeacothoue ia aeaeiao iacao.
Aiie iiaoaeiaai? ca iiaeaeeth i?eeiaoiee – eiie?aoecaoi? + ?iaiiee:
/o?ia a’inia, aioiia a’inia; a?’ooioi oeo; e?eaaaei iiion
“aeecaioa??y”.Oaeiae cao?eniaai? iaeiaioaaiiy, ui iiaoaeiaai? ca
iiaeaeeth ?iaiiee + ?iaiiee ? i?noyoue aeac?aeo ia o?aaeaiee i?aai: ?ae
ae’aeyaeea “/a?aaiee oeo”, oioo ao?ea. A?aeiia?aeii aei i?ae?yaeieo
niieo/aiue, neeaaeieee yeeo ocaiaeaeothoueny, aenooiathoue oi?aa?aaoe:
ioe?ei eeoai – iie?eoe’a, /a?aciei oeo – /a?aci’ae; e?eaaaei iiion –
e?eaaaeoe’a, e?eaacea, e?ice’a/ea “aeecaioa??y”.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Eaeneea, iia’ycaia c? ciaoa?nueeith i?aeoeeith”
cacia/a?oueny, ui ei?ai? ciaoa?nueeeo ciaiue, ye oaa?aeyoue
aeine?aeieee, ciaoiaeeii ua a i?aeieaiaiiiio ?icoa?oaaii? noni?euenoaa,
eiee a eiaei?e noi?iii?e inia? ethaee noeeuei? aoee aaa/aoe naiai

ai?iaa, caeaoiiai ianeaoe oai?iao. Aeiaaee /an ai?iaeaeoe e oe?eeoae?
ia?ane?aeoaaeenue na?onueeith oa oea?eiaiith aeaaeith. Aea iacaaaeath/e
ia /eneaii? canoaeaeaiiy oa caai?iie, c aeeaeie a?e?a aeiianai? aei ian
iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaaee/i? ciaiiy, ?aoe?iiaeuei? oa iaa?/i? iaoiaee
e?eoaaiiy, a ?acii c oei oa?iieoe? ua yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue,
iaioe?iaii? iai’yoee aoiia?ao??, ia?iaeiiai na?oiaeyaeo e iiae.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? i?aeaeathoueny anaa?/iiio aiae?co neiaa c?
cia/aiiyie “ai?eain?y” ai’?eein’?ea, ai’?e’ein’?ea, /o?ia oai?oaa, /o?ia
aie’ec’i’, /o?ia aie’ec’, /’o?ia aie’ec’i’, /o?ia aie’a/ea, /o?ia
neaain’o’, iaaey/a, iaaey/’a aie’ec’i’, iaaey/ea, eaaeye, i?eiaaeie,
i?eiaaeoee; ?iaeei/ee, ieaaeei/ee, ieaaeei/an’ea, ieaae’ei/’?e,
ieaae’ei/anoai, ieaaeei/an’ea/?ano?’oiai:’a, ae’eoeea aieec’i’;
“ia?aeye”: ia?ae’ae, ie?ee’ae, , nia?oee’iei ia?ae’ae, ia?ae’a/eo/a,
ce’ae, e’ae, ia?ae’aeaii, ia?aiieoo, ia?aiieooa, ia?aiya, aeao, iaaea/ea
oa ?i.

Ia ia’?eo naiai ae?yiiy ciaoa?? iaiaaaeeny aieeaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith
iaa?/ieo ne?a caiiaeyiue. O aa?aaeueieo c?aceao ?ice?eaathoueny ia?iaeia
ao?ieia?y oa aoeiieia?y neiaa, caniae coe?eaiiy. A?ae oyaeaiiy i?i
oai?iao caeaaeeoue ia o?eueee ioi?ieaiiy oa?i?ia, a e ae?y oa oi?ia
neiaanii? oi?ioee, o yeo a?i aeeth/aiee. Iai?.: “Ia naia y ciiaeyea,
ae?aa Ia??y o iiii/? noiyea, i?eno??o ciiaeyea, iiaeooiaee, iiaaaeaiee,
ianeaiee, caneaiee, /ieia?/ee, ae?ii/ee, ia?oai/ee, ae?ai/ee, a?o?yiee,
aeiuaiee…”.

Ia/?oea ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiue o ia?iaei?e oya? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oiai, ui aaaeei aecia/eoe a?aeiia?aeiee aei iienoaaii? ia?iaeii? oai?iae
io?oe?eiee iaaee/iee oa?i?i. Oae, neiioiie ?iaeei/eea iiaeooue aooe
eeaneo?eiaai? ? ye aeya ai?eain??, ? ye niaciio?e?y oa ?i. Iaa?/i?
oai?iae – ??ciiaeaee inoaaiue – ooai?ththoue naiaioe/ia i?e?iiiea,
oiiaii a?oioth/enue iaaeiei aeii?iaioieo cia/aiue:

3.4.1. Iaaeoae, ianeai? iiaeyaeii: i?eno?’?o, caeac, naean, caean,
caeacoaai:’a, i?eco?e, ooin’ iiaeeaecn’a eeoei aeacii, aeo?iei aeacii,
iiaaiei aeacii.

3.4.2. Iacaeoaeaiiy, ianeai? neiaii, eeoith aeoieith: o?oe/e/, a?oe/e/,
iac?oee, iac?o/aii, co?o/aii, iaioceaii, iaaiao?aii, iaea?eaee.

3.4.3. Oai?iae, iia’ycai? c ai?iae?iiyi: io?/a, ii?iaec ooin’,
ii?oaeaii, ii?oae’aii, ianeaii.

Aaciniaia? oi?ie oeio ii?oae’aii, ianeaii i?aee?aneththoue ?ieue
aeiaaeeo, oaooio.

*?oei? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ia aeiaiaeeoueny niinoa??aaoe i? a ia?iaeieo
iiaeyaeao ia oai?iae, i? a i?eioeeiao iii?iaoe?? ie?aieo iaaeoa, iai?.,
oai?iao iaceaathoue /i?iith ca i?e/eiith o?aaeaiiy, ai “/i?oe io/aoue”
ethaeeio (ia/enoa neea caaaeaee o ia?iaei?e na?aeiiino? iia’ycoaaeanue
?c /i?iei eieuei?ii), ? ca caniaii i?ioeae?? (i?ae /an i?enooio
ai?eaioeea iae?eaathoue /eiinue /i?iei ? iaiaaathoueny ia oo?aoaaoe).
Oaeiae ia??aeei yaeua iii?iothoueny ca i?e/eiith o?aaeaiiy: ooin’
iiaeeaecn’a eeoei oeii, ia?ae’ae; ca neiioiiaie iaaeoae: iaaey/’a
aie’ec’i’, i?eiaaeie oa ?i. iciaeaie. I?e oeueiio a?aecia/a?ii cia/io
e?euee?noue aea?eaao?a a?ae iaei??? iniiae: e?eeeecoe’?, e?eeeeaeoe’?,
e?eeeeaino’?, e?eeoioe’i, e?eey/ea “ieaeneaeoe?”.

?yae eaenai ia? oe?iea naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy, ye-io: ieaaeei/ee a?aeiia
ye “ieaeneaeoe?”, “??ciiaeae ai?eain??”, “iaea aeeoeia”, “ethaeeia, yea
aiaaea? a aeeoeinoai; oai?iaeeaee noai”.

Cia/iee a?aenioie /60% a?aecia/aieo iaca/ o oe?e oaiaoe/i?e i?aea?oi?
noaiiaeyoue aeania oe?a?inuee? oa no?aeiineia’yinuee? neiaa.

?ai?acaioaioe oe??? i?e?inenoaie aeiaaathoue iniaeeai? oaaae /a?ac oa,
ui a?eueo?noue aia??eiaeo oa?i?i?a oa iia’ycaieo ?c ieie ia?yae?a
a?oa?co?oueny . Cae?aiiy a?aeiiinoae oa ciaiiy oeeo aoiieoeueoo?ieo
oaiiiai?a ni?eyoeiooue a?ae?iaeaeaiith e caa??aaiith iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae iniaeeainoyie eaeneee o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii?
iaaeeoeeie a oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. EII — i?iaeoeo aaaaoia?eiaiai ?icaeoeo ethaenueeiai noni?euenoaa oa
iiaeaiiy, ai oai?iae ia?ane?aeothoue ethaeeio i?ioyaii anueiai ??
aeeooy. Oey eaeneea a?aeia?aaea? aaaeeea? iiiaioe e?iaai-aoiia?ao?/iiai
eiioaeooaaiiy, i?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane ia aecia/ai?e oa?eoi??? ca o?eaaeee
/an.

Iii?iaioe ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie, cana?ae/ai? a oeueiio a?aae?,
noaiiaeyoue a iniiaiiio noi?iiaaio oa?i?iieia?/io a?oio, yea ?ai?acaioo?
a?aeiia?aeio nenoaie iiiyoue ? ia? neeaaeio aioo??oith no?oeoo?o. O
i?aaenoaaeai?e ?iaio? aeae?eaii o?e aca?iiiia’ycai? oaiaoe/i? i?aea?oie,
o yeeo ae/eaiiaothoueny e ie?ai? i?e?ia?oie, ia’?aeiai? ia iniia?
ni?eueii? naiaioeee oa i?ioenoaaeai? ca ?yaeii aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo iciae.
E?euee?noue i?iaiae?ciaaieo eaenai – aeecueei 520.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaeeaaieo ia?iaeieo oa e?oa?aoo?ieo iaca oai?ia ia
iaeiaeiaa. Iniiao noaiiaeyoue caaaeueiiiaaee/i? oa?i?ie, ye? iiaooothoue
? a ?ioeo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie: ei?onoa, caeac, aoein, ?oaea. O ?yae?
aeiaaee?a aeii?ioth/ith noaea e?oa?aoo?ia iacaa c iaaieie
iiaeeo?eaoe?yie: noicai’ae, noieaiae, ae’?c’?io’??’iea, ae’?caioe?’iea,
aeaceioa?’iea. Ii?yae c ieie aenooiathoue eieaeuei? aia??eia? oa?i?ie:
iaeoaa, “aia?ia”, ?ociiccai’ “eeoa?”, iaoa?a/ea “iiciey”.

2. Caaaeyee aeno?ae?iaa?noe/iei ? nooi iiaiei oaeoi?ai o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??eao iaeii/anii ooieoe?iiothoue ??ci? ca aaiacith,
no?oeoo?ith, niiniaaie oa i?eioeeiaie iioeaaoe?? ia?aeae? oa aeoaeaoi?
iacae. E?euee?noue eaenai ia iicia/aiiy oiai /e ?ioiai iiiyooy nooo?ai
a?ae??ciy?oueny. ?aia?ooa? na?aae 41 i?iaiae?ciaaieo nai eieeaa?oueny
a?ae 2 aei 44 a?aaeueieo iiiceo?a. A?aenooi?noue ae?aeaeoii? ii?ie
coiiaeth? cia/io aa??aoeai?noue aia??eiaeo oa?i?i?a c iiaeyaeo ?o
caoeiai? oa neiaioai?/i? no?oeoo?e, ui ni?ey? neiii?i?caoe?? iiaeaiiy,
oae?acith? eiai. Ooai?th?oueny ?yae iiaeeo?eaoe?e
e?oa?aoo?ii-ae?aeaeoiiai oeio: eynea – eonea “eoia” (aeoeaiooaoe?ei?
aa??aioe); aenei — aeneiea (ii?oieia?/i? aea?eaaoe) i?’aieoe’ – i?’aiea
“noiaaiye”, ea/i’ii’ – ea/’i’ii’ – ea/iei’ – ea/ieiee – ea/i’?iaoe’ –
ea/i’?ieoe’ (oiii-ii?oieia?/i? iiaeeo?eaoe).

3. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?aeaeoiiai oa?i?ia ?
?icoeooaaiiy /?oeeo naiaioe/ieo iaae o ia?iaeiiio aaeeoeo. ? aein?
niinoa??aa?oueny aeei?enoaiiy iaca, ye? iicia/athoue e?eueea oai?ia ?c
iiae?aiith neiioiiaoeeith, ye-io: ii?eeoaea “ei?inoa; iaia?eoe?e;
ea?aoieoe”; caaaeee, caaeacea, caayoieoe’a “aia?ia; e?ioiaeai?o;
ia?ioeo”. Oea noai?th? o?oaeiiu? aeey ?aeaioeo?eaoe?? eiaeiiai ie?aiiai
iaeiaioaaiiy, a oei naiei ? aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iieno iaaee/ii? eaeneee
iienoaaieo aia??ie.

?yae eaenai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oe?ieith aiie?ooaeith eieeaaiiy
naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e, ca’yceaie c ?ioeie OAE, iai?eeeaae: aioai?/iith
eaeneeith – ayaea, cieioyoa, aynea, aeoi’a, aaoa?eia?iith – ?oaea,
iaai’io, ai?oaeacea oiui. Iniaeeai oaeeie ca’yceaie ae??ciythoueny
iaeiaioaaiiy ia?oiai ?icae?eo, a iiiceoe ?? ? ??? ?icae?e?a a?eueo
niaoe?ae?ciaai?.

4. Aaee/acia aaaaonoai oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ? anaa?/ia aea/aiiy
naiaioe/ieo oa aaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a cao?eniaaieo iiiai?a ?ice?eaa? oe?ie?
iiaeeeaino? aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iioiaeaeaiiy aeayeeo ne?a. Oae, ?’aaooee
“aaniyiee” ooai?aii a?ae aae’?eoeaa ?yaee, co?eai “?iaeeia ieyia” a?ae
ci??oe “na?oeoe, aeaei?oeny, aeae?eyoeny” (ca a?coaeueiei a?aaeaiiyi)
?ociiccai’ “eeoae” a?ae ?iciiacaoeny, iaoa?a/ea “iiciey” a?ae iaoe?aoe
(ca i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy o?aaeaiiy) oiui. Ie?ai? iacae aeicaieythoue
iiynieoe eeoa ia?aeace e a??oaaiiy i?i i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iaaeoae e
caniae i?ioeae??, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ca’ycie ?c ai?i?noe/ieie iiaeyaeaie,
yce/ieoeueeeie a??oaaiiyie iaoeo i?aaee?a. ssne?aaei i?eeeaaeii iiaeooue
aooe aiaeyoeae /o?ia oai?oaa, ieaaeei/ee “ai?eain?y”, ie?oaa o’iei
“iioo, aoey”, o?oee.

5. Iniaeea?noth aia??eiai? neooaoe?? ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y ?
oa, ui ia aeeaa iiaeaiiy aeoeaii aieeaa? ?in?enueea iiaa. ?in?yi?cie
iae/ano?oa aaeeaathoueny ia?aeaeueii c oe?a?inueeeie a?aeiia?aeieeaie, a
a aeayeeo aia??eao caiice/aiiy c ?in?enueei? iiae aenooiathoue ye ?aeei?
iacae ?aae?e: oiooie’, a’aniyoee, ia?aiya, naeac. AEeaa iiaeaiiy
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeieo ?aa?ii?a Ieeiea?anueei? iaeano? iaeaaeeoue aei
iiae?euenueeiai aiai?o i?aaeaiii-cao?aeii? ae?aeaeoii? a?oie, ia ui
aeaco? aaeeaaiiy oaeeo a?aaeueieo iiiceo?a, ye ao?ee “i?aiaioi? ieyie o
aaa?oii?”, /e?ae.

6. Aaiaoe/ii ia?iaeia iaaee/ia oa?i?iieia?y iaiaeii??aeia, aiae?c
aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe oae? oa?e eaeneee:

a) neiaa i?aneia’yinueeiai iioiaeaeaiiy (37%): eeoa?, ae?aae,
aeico’aieoe’a, iaaey/a;

a) ?ai?acaioaioe, ui iathoue no?aeiineia’yinueeee oa?aeoa?
(21%): aoein, /o?ia

aie’ec’i’, ?oaeeiea;

a) caiice/aiiy c ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo oa ianeia’yinueeeo iia (10%):
ia?oe, iaai’io

(c iieuenueei?); aaoeoa, eioye’a (c ?iiainueeeo iia);
neo’?e’?n (c ?oae?enueei?);

oo?yieoe, aia’iia, ai’?aeei’?ea (c eao.); ai’?eein’?ea, ia?ioeo
(c a?aoeueei?);

a) oa?i?ie, ooai?ai? ia aeania oe?a?inueeiio
??oio? (17%): /ooa/ea,

iaioceaii, i?eno?’?o;

ae) aiaeai?/i? iacae (15%): eiiiiyoee “aaniyiee”, ceeyee “aenei ia
o?e?”, iii’?i’aee

i’?/’ ia aeai’ “ieaeneaeoe?”.

A?eueoo /anoeio IIO noaiiaeyoue i?aneia’yinuee? oa
ni?eueiino?aeiineia’yinuee? neiaa. O?aaeeoe?eiei aeaea?aeii iiiiaiaiiy
iaoeiai? oa?i?iieia?? ? eaoeinueea oa a?aoeueea iiae. Canai?iiy
?ioiiiaii? eaeneee caaacia/o?oueny ?? aaeaioaoe??th, aeeeeeaiith
niaoeeo?eith aia??ie. Oea, ianaiia?aae, cai?ia ie?aieo caoe?a, iaoaoaca,
ii?iuaiiy, aeaei?aeyoe?y, aiaioaca oa ?io? ci?ie a caiice/aieo
aiaeyoeaao: ?aciaoecia, ?iiaoeci, ?eiaoeci, ?aciao’ici, ?’?ciao’ici,
?eiaoec, ?aiiioeci a?aeiia?aeii aei a?aoeueeiai ?aciaoeci.

7. O i?aaenoaaeaieo iacaao aeei?enoiaothoueny iaeaea an? niiniae
iii?iaoe??: noo?enaeueia aea?eaaoe?y – e?eeeeaino?, e?eeoioe’i
“ieaeneaeoe?”; aeico’aieoe’a, aeico’a/ea, aeico’ie’ieoe’a “aeiaoooa”;
ioeueiaa noo?enaoe?y – o?ac /a?ae o?aceoe/; oi?aa?aaoe?y ye iaeia c?
c?o/ieo oi?i o aeeaiiiaiiio ei?enooaaii? – iaaey/ea /a?ae iaaeo/a
oai?iaa/. Ia/eneaiio a?oio neeaaeathoue eiiiiceoe – einoieoi “?aaiaoeci”
oa eiio?ene – i’?aeoe’i?iee “/e?ye”, neiaa, ooai?ai?
ii?oieiai-neioaene/iei niiniaii – iyooa “iioo”. Ia iniia? iaoaoi?e/ieo
oa iaoii?i?/ieo ia?aianaiue ooai?eeiny aaaaoi aia??eiaeo oa?i?i?a: aeaaa
/?iiyoa “ai?iaeaaea”, iioe’?eyiie “y/i?iue”.

8. Iniiaia yae?i EII oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?ici?ith aioo??oiueith
iioeaaoe??th. Oea, ianaiia?aae, oae? iioeaaoe?ei? iciaee: iniiaiee aeya
iaaeoae – i’iao’ieiae “iaia?eoe?e”; i?e/eie iiyae o?aaeaiue – iaooioeo
“iiciey”; noa’?eoeai? a?ae/oooy oai?iai – caaeyoieoe’? “aia?ia”;
a?coaeueia a?aaeaiiy – /a?aiiyoa “aaoeoa”, neeaa “aaeeea ?iaeeiea”;
i?noea eieae?caoe?? iaaeoae – caeice “naeiea”.

9. O aia??eia?e oa?i?iieia?? i?aaenoaaeai? oae? no?oeoo?i? oeie, ye
oa?i?ie-neiaa /eano’?cee “aaniyiee”/ oa oa?i?ie-neiainiieo/aiiy
/aeaae’a/a oei “iiciey”, ?ae ae’aeyaeea “/a?aaiee oeo”/.

10. Oaea noa?a aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e ye ia?iaeia iaaeeoeeia ia iiaea aooe
iicaaaeaia aaaeeeaiai /eiieea aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aia??ie, yeei ?
aaoai?caoe?y. Canooieaiiy iaei??? iacae ?ioith aaeeaa?oueny aeey
iaeiaaacia/i?oeo caoai?thaaiue /aoc/e? eeoa?/ aai iaaeoa, caaaeea i?i
ye? aaaaea?oueny iaaoe/iith /iiaaia oai?oaa “neo?e?n”/.

Ie?ai? ?ai?acaioaioe aecia/athoueny aenieith ooieoe?iiaeueiith
aeoeai?noth, i?noyoueny o neeaae? ia?ai?e oa eiiia?aoea?a, ui iathoue
ia?aaaaeii cieaeaiee eiei?eo – a?ae ??ii?/iiai a ia?ai?yo aei
ca?oa?ei-ciaaaaeeeaiai a eaeeao ? i?ieeueiiao, iai?.: i?e/aieany, ye
aiey/ea; ei?inoa a oaaa iiaeea! Iniaeea? neiaioi?ie aeei?enoiaothoueny a
caiiaeyiiyo, ye-io: ia?ae’ae /ia?ae’a/eo/a.

11. Aiae?c a?aaeueii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeine?aeaeoaaieo aia??ie oa
i?aeae?aeaeoii? aca?iiae?? ni?e/eiy? aeieeiaiiy cia/ii? e?eueeino?
iiiceo?a na?aae EII. Eaene/ii i?ioenoaai? neiaioi?ie aeoaea ??aeei
ooai?ththoue ae?aci? a?aaee, iae/ano?oa oea a?aaeueia iica?ea,
ae?aieaiiy. I?ine?aeeiaothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? iai?yiee eaene/ieo
?ciaein. Na?aae aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieo oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo
iniaeeainoae ne?ae iacaaoe oa?aeoa? canaeaiiy oa aeicanaeaiiy
caiaeue Ieeiea?aueie, a?aei?iiino? a iaoa??aeuei?e oa aeooiai?e noa??
?aa?ii?a, c yeeo a?aeaoaaeiny ia?anaeaiiy, o?eaae? eiioaeoe c
?iiiiaiei ioi/aiiyi, ?nioaaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa aaia?ao?/ieo
aa?’???a ia ??cieo aoaiao ?noi???, nooi?iue iioe?aiino? ??cieo oai?ia
na?aae ianaeaiiy e ?i. Aei aeania iiaieo /eiiee?a ca?aoiao?ii:
aa??aoeai?noue iioeaoth/eo iciae ia’?eoa, ??ciiiai?oi? niiniae oa caniae
iii?iaoe??, niaoeeo?ea oiiieia?/ii?, ii?oieia?/ii? nenoai ??cieo
aia??ie.

12. O ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeeo iaca ia ianoaaeoaai?e oa?eoi???
aeyaeaii oae? oaiaeaioe??:

a) caa?aaeaiiy aeaaiueiai eaene/iiai oiiaeo;

a) i???ioaoe?y ia no?aeiineia’yinueeo eaeneeo;

a) iecueea ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue iiiai?a, ui
noaiiaeyoue aeania ae?aeaeoi? ooai?aiiy, ? ia?ao?ae ?o aei
ianeaiiai caiano ne?a;

a) niaoe?ae?caoe?y cia/ii? e?eueeino? neiaioi?i;

ae) aiane?aeie ae?aeaeoii? iaonoaeaiino? aeieeiaiiy aeoaeao?a,
aa??aio?a iaei??? e o??? ae iacae iaa?oue o iiaeaii? iaeiiai
?ioi?iaoi?a;

a) ia?aaaaa iciae i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ia??//y , a naia
noaiiaeo aia??ie, ia a?eueo?e /anoei? ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai
iaaee??//y; o?enaoe?y iniaeeainoae iiae?euenueeeo aia??ie o
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeieo ?aeiiao, o Iiaoaeae?.

Ia?iaeii?iciiaia iiaa — iaae/a?iia, a?/iiae?th/a aeaea?aei iiiiaiaiiy e
iiiaeaiiy e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae. Ia?iaei? iaaee/i? iacae a ia?aaaaei?e
a?eueoino? i?ino?, aeinooii?, eaaei ni?eeiathoueny ? i?aeneeththoueny
iaoe?iiaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie. ? oiio aia??eiaee oa?i?i, ui iioe?aiee
ia cia/i?e oa?eoi??? ? a?aeiia?aea? ii?iai e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, ia?
i?aai, ca iio?aaith, noaoe iaoeiaei.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? o
oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aeaye? aniaeoe aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee o aoc?// Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oeyoe ? caniae
i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey oe?a?inueei? iiae ? e?oa?aoo?e ia
no/aniiio aoai?». – Oa?nii, 1992. — N. 36-38.

2. AEeaiiiai? o?aaeeoe?? a «?noi??? Oe?a?ie-?on?» I.A?eana //
Aeaea?aea aeooiaiino?: Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y aei 140-??//y
I.I.A?eana (Oace). – Ieeiea?a, 1993. — N. 51-54.

3. Aeaiaioe aa?aaeueii? e?eoaaeueii? iaa?? ca iaoa??aeaie caien?a,
cae?eniaieo ia oa?eoi??? Ieeiea?aueie //A?ae?ioa/ea oe?a?iiciaanoaa aeey
a/eoaey: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee a?niee. — Aei. ? 1. — Ieeiea?a, 1993. — N.
52-54.

4. Caa?oaiiy ye iaiao?aeiee ? iniiaiee eiiiiiaio neioaene/ii? no?oeoo?e
caiiaeyiue (ca iaoa??aeaie e?eoaaeueieo caiiaeyiue ia
Ieeiea?auei?)//Ieoaiiy neioaeneno oe?a?inueei? iiae. Oace aeiiia?aeae
? iia?aeiieaiue ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? aei 100-??//y
a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Na?a?y Nia?a/einueeiai 19-20 aa?aciy 1993 ?. —
Caii??aeaey, 1993.- N.79-80.

5. Iaeei ?c aniaeo?a ca’yceo ae?aeaeoieia?? c ia?iaeiciaanoaii// Oace
aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/aii? 80-??//th Ieeiea?anueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo: A
6-oe /anoeiao. — *.3. — Ieeiea?a, 1994. — N.7-8.

6. ?ieue ae?aeaeoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o oi?ioaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino? iieiae?// Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa ? i?iaeaie
aeoiaaiiy iieiae?. Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. —Aei.1.-Oa?nii, 1995.
— N.35-36.

7. ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe?? eica//eie ? Ieeiea?aueie//
?aa?iiaeueia ? caaaeueia a ?noi???. Oace I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/aii? 140-??//th a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy Ae.?.ssai?ieoeueeiai
oa 90-e?ooth O??? A?oaieia?/iiai c’?caeo (eenoiiaae 1995). —
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Ii?iae, 1995. — N.121-123.

8. Ia?iaeia iaaee/ia oa?i?iieia?y ye ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy//
Oe?a?inueea oa?i?iieia?y ? no/ani?noue. Oace aeiiia?aeae
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. — Ee?a, 1996.- N.5.

9. Aeani? iacae o caiiaeyiiyo// Iiiianoeea no?aeieo neia’yi. Oace
aeiiia?aeae iaoeiaiai nai?ia?o. – Ee?a, 1996.- N.7-8.

10. ?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae ia?iaeiith iaaee/iith eaeneeith
Ieeiea?aueie// No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo iai’yo? i?io. N.I.Nai?eeaiea: O
??-o /anoeiao. – Caii??aeaey, 1996. -*. 2. — N.66-69.

11. ?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae iiaith ? noeeai e?eoaaeueieo caiiaeaiue
Ieeiea?aueie// Iiaa oa noeeue oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — Ee?a, 1996. — N.11-17 (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c
I.A.A?eeueiaith).

12. ?c ia?iaeieo iaaee/ieo ciaiue oe?a?ioe?a Ieeiea?aueie//
Ia?ene eoeueoo?e oe?a?ioe?a I?aaeiy. A?ae?ioaea iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/iai
/aniieno «Caii??cueea noa?iaeia» . Na??y 2. – Caii??aeaey, 1997. — N.
16-19.

13. Aei ieoaiiy aea/aiiy e?eoaaeueieo caiiaeyiue Ieeiea?aueie
//Iaoa??aee ??-? Ieeiea?anueei? iaeanii? e?a?ciaa/i? eiioa?aioe??
«?noi??y. Aoiia?ao?y. Eoeueoo?a. Iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy». O.1.-
Ieeiea?a, 1997. — N. 62-64.

14. ?c nae?ao?a ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie Ieeiea?aueie// E?a?ciaa/a
niaaeueia o a?ae?iaeaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiee: Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iee
ca??iee ca iaoa??aeaie i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe??. — Ieeiea?a, 1997.- N. 31-38.

15. Aei i?iaeaie ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie ye ina?oiueiai ? aeoiaiiai
oaeoi?o// Ca??iee iaoa??ae?a aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? ?inoeoooo, i?enay/aii? 20-??//th
?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo (16 o?aaiy 1997 ?.) — Ieeiea?a,
1997.N.73-75.

16. Ii?ie a iaaee/i?e oa?i?iieia?? //Ieoaiiy no/anii? iiiianoeee.
Noaoo? oa oace V?? Anaoe?a?inueei? iiiianoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (1-2
aeiaoiy 1997 ?.) – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997. — N.14-15.

17. Iiaiciaa/? iioaoee c ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie Ieeiea?aueie//
Noni?euenoaiciaa/? iaoee oa a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe??. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. – Eooeuee, 1997.- Ei.???.- N.9-11.

18. ?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae iiaith ? noeeai e?eoaaeueieo caiiaeaiue
Ieeiea?aueie// Oieueeei? ? aiai?e Iaaeaei?i?yiueie: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: AeAeO, 1997. — N.99-106 (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c
I.A.A?eeueiaith).

19. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?iaeii-?iciiaii? oa e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae a
iaaee/iee oa?i?iieia?? aia??ie Ieeiea?aueie// Oe?a?inueea iiaa —
aea?aeaaia iiaa Oe?a?ie. Noaoo? oa oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? (24-25 ethoiai 1998 ?.) — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: AeAeO, 1998. —
N.96-99.

20. Aei aoi?/ii-e?iaaenoe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee Aocueei-?iaoeuenueeiai
a?aaeo // ?noi??y I?aaeiy Oe?a?ie a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a aei
no/aniino?: i?iaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai, iie?oe/iiai, nioe?aeueiiai,
aeiiii?/iiai, oaoi?/iiai, i?aaiaiai, ?ae?a?eiiai oa eoeueoo?iiai
?icaeoeo: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. — *.?. — Ieeiea?a-Iaeana, 1999. — N.
144-149.

21. Eaene/i? iniaeeaino? ciaoa?nueeeo ia?yae?a ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai
iaaee??//y //

Ai?enoai. — ? 4. — N.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aaaeaieiaa A.I. Eaeneea o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie a
oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai iaaee??//y. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01.- oe?a?inueea iiaa. Caii??cueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. Caii??aeaey, 1999.

?iaioa i?enay/aia eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaiith eaeneee o?aaeeoe?eii?
ia?iaeii? iaaeeoeeie a oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueeiai
iaaee??//y a c?noaaeaii? c e?oa?aoo?ieie a?aeiia?aeieeaie, oaeoaie
?ioeo oe?a?inueeeo aia??ie oa neia’yinueeeo iia. O aeena?oaoe??
i?iaiae?ciaaii neeaae ? no?oeoo?o ie?aieo i?aea?oi eaeneee ia?iaeii?
iaaeeoeeie, ?icaeyiooi ?o nenoaii? a?aeiioaiiy, c’yniaaii aaiacen,
iii?iaoeai? oa neiaioai?/? i?ioeane, iienaii naiaioeeo ne?a,
c?iaeaii aoiie?iaa?noe/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?iaei? iacae oai?ia, ?iaoeuenueei-Aocueea
iaaee??//y, iii?iaoe?y, naiaioeea neiaa, aaiacen, eaeneea ia?iaeii?
iaaeeoeeie, oe?a?inuee? aia??ee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aaaeaieiaa A.I. Eaeneea o?aaeeoeeiiiie ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu a oe?aeineeo
aiai?ao Eiaoeuenei-Aoaneiai iaaeaeo?a/uey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 — oe?aeineee ycue. Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. Caii?iaeuea, 1999.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy cia/eoaeueii aic?in eioa?an e ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeia,
oai ia iaiaa, eaeneea o?aaeeoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu ia iiaeaa?aeaia aua
iieiiio eeiaaenoe/aneiio aiaeeco, oioy iia yaeyaony iaeiei ec i?iyaeaiee
ie?iaicc?aiey oe?aeineiai ia?iaea, iaeiie ec naiuo a?oae/aneeo e
?aciiia?aciuo a?oii eaeneee naiaioe/aneii, no?oeoo?iii e yoeiieiae/aneii
aniaeoao. A iniiaiii ioaeaeueiua aaaeiiinoe i ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeineie
oa?ieiieiaee iaoiaeei eeoue a enneaaeiaaieyo yoiia?aoia e iaaeeeia, a
eaeneeia?aoe/aneeo e eaeneeieiae/aneeo ?aaioao.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio aiaeeco eaeneee o?aaeeoeeiiiie
ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu oe?aeineeo aiai?ia Eiaoeuenei-Aoaneiai
iaaeaeo?a/uey a niiinoaaeaiee n eeoa?aoo?iuie niioaaonoaeyie, oaeoaie
ae?oaeo oe?aeineeo aiai?ia e neaayineeo ycueia. A ?aaioa nia?ai e
aaaaeai a iao/iia ia?auaiea eaeneeia?aoe/anee ia ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiue
oaeoe/aneee iaoa?eae, ianeaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe aaia?aoe/aneiai
?ani?ino?aiaiey e aa?eaoeaiinoe iiiaiia, eco/aiu i?ioeannu iiieiaoeee
iaaeeoeeineia oa?ieiieiaee aiai?ia, auyaeaiu ii?iaoeaiua oaiaeaioeee
yoie eaeneee a oi?ie?iaaiee oe?aeineie iaaeeoeeineie oa?ieiieiaee,
onoaiiaeaiu aaiacen enneaaeoaiuo aaeeieoe e eo iaaeoaiaoe/aneea nayce,
naeaeaiu yoiieeiaaenoe/aneea iaaethaeaiey.

Iniiaiuie enoi/ieeaie enneaaeiaaiey auee iaoa?eaeu, caienaiiua aaoi?ia
ai a?aiy yeniaaeeoeee e nia?aiiua aieaoiui iooai ia iniiaa niaoeeaeueii
ninoaaeaiiie i?ia?aiiu, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo ieiei 450 aii?inia. E?iia
ycueiauo yaeaiee, oeene?iaaeenue a ianeaaeoaiii a?aaea ia?iaeiua
iaoiaeu ea/aiey aieaciae, caaiai?u, ia?aiee e ae?oaea yaeaiey
o?aaeeoeeiiiuo iaaeeoeeineeo ia?iaeiuo ciaiee, eioi?ua iiiiaatho
eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue eaene/aneee ninoaa aiai?ia, iauyniytho yoeiieiaeth
ia?iaeiuo iacaaiee aieaciae. Oae aea eniieueciaaiu aeaiiua neiaa?ae eae
oe?aeineiai, oae e ae?oaeo neaayineeo ycueia, ioaeeeaoeee aeeaeaeoieiaia
e ae?oaea enoi/ieee.

Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, o?ao ?acaeaeia e auaiaeia. Oae aea
a iae iiaeaiu 8 ea?oinoai, «Ia?acoeu aeeaeaeoiie ?a/e
Eiaoeuenei-Aoaneiai iaaeaeo?a/uey», nienie eniieueciaaiiuo enoi/ieeia.

A aaiaeiie /anoe iainiiauaaaony aeooaeueiinoue eca?aiiie oaie,
?anniao?eaathony ninoiyiea iao/iiai enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeaiu e yoiiaaiac
iienaiiie oa??eoi?ee, oi?ioee?othony oeaeue e caaea/e ?aaiou,
ii?aaeaeythony iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey, aai enoi/ieee, ?ane?uaathony
iao/iay iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia,
eceaaaaony naycue n iao/iuie ieaiaie, oeacuaathony oi?iu ai?iaaoeee
iaoa?eaeia aeenna?oaoeee.

A iniiaiie /anoe i?iaiaeece?iaaiu ninoaa e naiaioe/aneay no?oeoo?a
ioaeaeueiuo iiaea?oii eaeneee ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu. Aiaeec eaene/aneeo
aaeeieoe ioi?ieai a aeaea neiaa?iuo noaoae, eiathueo oaeoth no?oeoo?o:
iiaeaiu ana ecaanoiua aeeaeaeoiua niioaaonoaey e iienuaaaiiio iiiyoeth a
aeaiiii ?aaeiia, a oii /enea oiiaoe/aneea e ii?oieiae/aneea aa?eaiou, a
oaeaea niioaaonoaothuea neiaioi?iu ae?oaeo oe?aeineeo aiai?ia e
neaayineeo ycueia, oeacaiu naiaioe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?ieia e aai
aaiacen, auyniaiu yoeiieiaey e i?eioeei iiieiaoeee neiaa, iiaeaiu
eeethno?aoeee ec iao/iuo e ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia, ec oieueeei?a.
Ana eaenaiu ianii?oecothony.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea «Iacaaiea aea?iaoieiae/aneeo aieaciae, iia?aaeaeaiee e
ia?aciaaiee» iienaia naiay ?aciiia?aciay ii no?oeoo?a e naiaioe/aneei
iooaieai, iiaeai?ai iioeaaoeee iiaea?oiia eaeneee, a oae aea naiua
?ani?ino?aiaiiua a iianaaeiaaiie aeecie ethaeae iaaeeoeeineea iiieiaoeee
(/e?ae, y/iaiue, ai?iaeaaea, iiooieue, aaniooee, ia?oioue e ae?. — anaai
18 iacaaiee).

Aoi?ie ?acaeae «Iaeiaiiaaiea eioaeoeeiiiuo aieaciae» iinayuai aiaeeco
aeeaeaeoiuo niioaaonoaee iacaaiee yieaeaiee, aiaeiu, ?iaee, iniu,
eieethoa, aeaeoooe (anaai 15 aieaciae).

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea «Eaeneea, naycaiiay ni ciaoa?neie i?aeoeeie»
i?aaenoaaeaiu iacaaiey, eioi?ua yaeythony iaiyoieeaie ia oieueei aeeaiai
ycuea, ii e yoiia?aoee, ia?iaeiiai ie?iaicc?aiey, aua ycu/aneeo
aa?iaaiee (?anniio?aii anaai 7 iiiyoee, oaeea eae o?iee, ii?/a,
yieeainey, ia?aioa e o.i.).

A auaiaeao noi?ioee?iaaiu iauea ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey eaeneee
o?aaeeoeeiiiie ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu a oe?aeineeo aiai?ao
Eiaoeuenei-Aoaneiai iaaeaeo?a/uey. A /anoiinoe ioia/aii, /oi
iaeiia?aiaiii a ianeaaeoaiuo aiai?ao ooieoeeiie?otho ?acee/iua ii
i?ienoiaeaeaieth, niiniaai e i?eioeeiai iioeaaoeee aa?eaiou e aeoaeaoiua
iacaaiey. Iniiaiia yae?i yoie eaeneee ninoaaeytho neiaa, eioi?ua
aicieeee ia iauaneaayineie e ainoi/iineaayineie iniiaa. Ia?iaeiay
iaaeeoeeia nio?aiyao naia aeaaiaa eaene/aneia aiaaonoai, iinoiyiii
caeinoaoy ec ioeoeeaeueiie iao/iie iaaeeoeeiu ioaeaeueiua oa?ieiu.

?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iiaoo aeaoue iiaoth eeiaaenoe/aneoth e
eeiaaiaaia?aoe/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth aeey neiaa?ae e aoeania oe?aeineiai
ycuea e aai aiai?ia, aeey aiaeiae/iuo iao/iuo ecuneaiee, aeey eco/aiey
iaaeuycueiauo e iaaeaeeaeaeoiuo eiioaeoia. Eaene/aneee e yoiia?aoe/aneee
iaoa?eae aeenna?oaoeee iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai a aocianeie i?aeoeea
i?e /oaiee iaueo e niaoeeaeueiuo eo?nia ii enoi?ee ycuea, eaeneeieiaee,
aeeaeaeoieiaee, yoiieeiaaenoeee e ae?.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?iaeiua iacaaiey aieaciae,
Eiaoeuenei-Aoaneia iaaeaeo?a/uea, iiieiaoeey, naiaioeea neiaa, aaiacen,
eaeneea ia?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu, oe?aeineea aiai?u.

ANNOTATION

Badenkova V.N. Folk traditional medicine lexics of Ukrainian dialects
of Ingul-Bugsky valley between rivers. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s of Philology degree on speciality 10.02.01
— Ukrainian language. Zaporozhian State University, 1999.

This work is dedicated to the complex research
(investigation) of traditional medicine lexics of Ingul-Bugsky valley
between rivers in comparison to literary names, cases of Ukrainian
dialects and other Slavonic languages.

Thesis analyses the composition, and structure of separate lexic
groups of folk medicine, considers their system relation, determines
the origin, nominative and word-formative process, describes word
semantic, includes ethnolinguistic observations.

Key words: folk names of diseases, Ingul-Bugsky valley between
rivers, nomination, semantics of the word, genesis (origin), folk
medicine lexics, Ukrainian dialects.

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