1

EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

A?EOeAIEI Na?oeaia Iaae?aia

OAeE 801.3.71

EAENE*IEE AIEEA ssE *EIIEE AeEIAI?EE NO?OEOO?E

IIAE–?AOeEI??IOA

(ia iaoa??ae? eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoie

e?ioey XVI – XVII no.)

10.02.15 – caaaeueia iiaiciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa ? eeane/ii?
o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Nai/einueeee Noai?neaa Aieiaeeie?iae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai?
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I?e?o?ia O?ii?eea Ieaen??aia, Ee?anueeee ?inoeooo ia?aeeaaea/?a,
i?ioani?

– eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe, aeioeaio Naa?ai/oe Enai?y Oaaei??aia, Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?iai?
?.I.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae, i. Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.19 a Ee?anueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, 14)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e?ii. 10)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 20 “ aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
E.?.Oaoiaa

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe AEiaeia iiaa a na?o? ia ?icaeaa?oueny
?cieueiaaii a?ae ?ioeo iia. Iiae iino?eii ia?aaoaathoue o aca?iiae??,
caaaa/oth/e iaeia iaeio, ai iaiiaeeeai oyaeoe ni?aaeeooy ??cieo aoiin?a,
ye? i?aeo?eioaaee a ainiiaea?nuee? e eoeueoo?i? a?aeiineie, ? iiae yeeo
caeeoaeeny a i?e oeueiio cae?eoeie aeey aieea?a ?ioi? /e ?ioeo iia. Oiio
ieoaiiy i?i oeyoe, iai?yie, ?ioaineai?noue aieea?a iaei??? iiae ia ?ioo,
aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e iiae-?aoeei??ioa i?ae aieeaii ?ioeo iia
caeeoathoueny aeoo-aeueieie aeey no/aniiai iiaiciaanoaa. *eiaei ieoaiue,
iia’ycaieo c eaene/ieie aieeaaie iaei??? iiae ia ?ioo ua /aea? ia
aeieeaaeio oaaao aeine?aeiee?a; ia??aeei ?icaeyae eaene/ieo caiice/aiue
ae/a?io?oueny aocueei eaeneeieia?/iith i?iaeaia-oeeith (ia?aaeon?i,
ci?ia neeaaeo eaenai oa o?ainoi?iaoe?y ?o naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e) aac
iaeaaeii? oaaae aei i?iaeai oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ii? oa oiiaoe/ii?
aaeaioaoe?? caiice/aiue ? ci?ie ieoiieo aeaiaio?a iiae-?aoeei??ioa
aiane?aeie inai-?iiy ?ioiiiaii? eaeneee.

Oe?a?inueea iiaa – iiaa aoiino, yeee oi?iaeiaae noie?oue aoa
iaaecae/aeii aeeiai?/iei uiaei eiioaeo?a c ?ioeie aoiinaie, caa??aa?
ne?aee aieea?a ?ioeo iia ? eoeueoo? oi?iaeiaae onueiai cana?ae/aiiai
?noi???th /ano ?icaeoeo. Oiio aaaeeeai ii-aoaiii aea/eoe aeey eiaeiiai
o?iiieia?/iiai c??co ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? iiae aeaea?a-ea, oa?aeoa?,
iai?yie aieea?a ?ioeo iia ia ?? no?oeoo?o. sseui a?aooaaoe oie oaeo, ui
ia oe?a?inuee?e aoiiiiai?e oa?eoi??? ii?yae c oe?a?inueeith iiaith
oe?iei ooieoe?iioaaee ?io? iiae (ye caniae ni?eeoaaiiy a io?oe?eieo
noa?ao, ye iiae iaoee, neiaanii? oai?/ino?), oi aeooaeuei?noue aea/aiiy
oe?a?inueei-?ioiiiaieo aca-?iei ia ??cieo o?iiieia?/ieo c??cao ia
i?aeeyaa? noii?aai. ??ciiieaiia?noue aca-?iiae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae c
?ioeie iiaaie iaaea? oaeei aeine?aeaeaiiyi caaaeueii-oai?aoe/iiai
cia/aiiy, ine?eueee aiie iiaeooue ?ice?eaathoue iia? aniaeoe
aca?ii-ae?? iia ye oi?aa?naeueiiai e?iaaaeueiiai oaiiiaia.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eaoeinueei? iiae ia oe?a?inueeo a
XVI — XVII no. coiiaeaia:

a) iaaeinoaoi?noth aea/aiiy oaeiai oeio aca?iiae?? iia, eiee iaeia c
ieo o ii-iaio aieeao ia ?ioo ia ia? naiai aoiino ye iin?y iiae, ? o.ca.
“ia?oaith” iiaith;

a) iio?aaith iiaeeaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao eaoeinueei? iiae ia
no?oeoo-?o oe?a?inueei? iiae ia iaeiiio c ia?aeiiieo aoai?a ?icaeoeo
inoaiiuei?;

a) iaiao?aei?noth aeyao caeiiii??iinoae oa ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii?
coiiaeaiino? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae e. XVI – XVII no., noai?aiiy
oe?e?nii? ea?oeie noaiiaeai-iy ? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iiae ia ??cieo
o?iiieia?/ieo c??cao.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? aiae?c aieea?a eaoeinueei? iiae ia oe?a?inueeo
XVI – XVII no. ia oe? a?aeiia?aeieo i?ioean?a o iieuenuee?e, ?in?enuee?e
oa a?ei?onuee?e iiaao; aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yceo aioo??oiueiiiaieo oa
iicaiiaieo ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo i?ioea-n?a; aeya ?aia?ooa?o, no?oeoo?e
eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue o iia? oe?a?inueeeo iai’y-oie cacia/aiiai
ia??iaeo, oa ?o aieea ia no?oeoo?o oe?a?inueei? iiae.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1) c’ynoaaoe nioe?iiiaiee noaoon eaoeinueei? iiae o iiaii-eoeueoo?iiio
aeeo-o? Oe?a?ie e. XVI – XVII no.;

2) aeyaeoe neeaae, oi?iaeueio no?oeoo?o ? naiaioeeo eaoeinueeeo
caiice/aiue o iia? oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoie cacia/aiiai ia??iaeo;

3) aeine?aeeoe oeyoe ia?aeiaiiy eaoeinueeeo aeaiaio?a, oeie ? iai?yie
aaeaioaoe?? eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue a oe?a?inueeiiiaieo oaenoao;

4) ie?aneeoe caeaaei?noue oa?aeoa?o ia?aeiaiiy eaoeinueeeo aeaiaio?a
a?ae aeai?o iai’yoie;

5) iieacaoe iniiai? oeie ci?i oe?a?inueei? iiae i?ae aieeaii
eaoeinueei?.

Aeaea?aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee:

a) oai?e oe?a?inueeeo iiao?a XVI – XVII no. (Aiae??y Neioeuenueeiai,
sseiaa Naaeianueeiai, Aoaian?y Oeeeiiae/a, A?eai??y Aooiae/a, Eiaiee?y
Aaeyoianueeiai, Eaca?a Aa?aiiae/a, Aa?eaaia ssneinueeiai, Neiaiia
Noaaieoeueeiai, Aioii?y ?aaeeaeeianueeiai, ?aaia Aaee/eianueeiai,
Aeieo??y Ooioaea oa aiii?ii? a??o?);

a) iai’yoee ae?eiai? iiae, cie?aia, ca??ieee aeoiaeo aeieoiaio?a
(Ae?eiaa iiaa Aieei? ? Iaaeaei?i?yiueie XVII no.; Eieaa Ee?anueeiai
i?aeeiii?nueeiai noaeo (1584 – 1644); Aeoiaa eieaa AEeoiie?nueeiai
i?nueeiai o?yaeo e?ioey XVI no. (1582 – 1588); Eioaeoeueea ?aoooia eieaa
ae?oai? iieiaeie XVII no.; Aieeinuee? a?aiioe XVI no.; Oi?a?aey ia
Oe?a?i?. XVI – na?aaeeia XVII no. Aieeiue ? Iaaeaei?i?yiueia; Aeoe naea
Iae??oiae); ?oeiieni? a?aiioe: (I?ea?eae ei?ieaae Aiia i?uaiai i?n-oa/ea
Aeaeaa. 1553; A?aiioa aio?io?enueeiai iao??a?oa Eiaieea IV Aeio ia
canio-aaiiy a?aonoaa i?e oea?ea? na. O??eoe? a i?no? Eai’yioe?. 1586;
I?aaiaa a?aiioa Ee?anueeiai ai?aiaee eiycy Ino?icueeiai Einoyioeia… n.
Noa?a Naei. 1605);

a) eicaoeuee? e?oiiene (N.Aaee/ea, A.A?aa’yiee oa Naiiaeaeoey).

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii iiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iineoaeeea ea?oioaea Neiaieea
oe?a?inueei? iiae e?ioey XVI – ia?oi? iieiaeie XVII no. (caa??aa?oueny a
?inoeooo? oe?a?iiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I.E?ei’yeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a),
iioae?eiaai? ?noi?e/-i? neiaieee oe?a?inueei?, a?ei?onueei?,
?in?enueei?, iieuenueei? iia, eaeneeieia?/i? aei-ne?aeaeaiiy.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iieniaee oa aeaiaioe c?noaaii-oeiieia?/iiai
iaoiaeo, a oaeiae i?eeiie e?iaainoaoenoe/iiai aiae?co iiaieo yaeu.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o ni?ia? noai?aiiy oe?e?nii?
ea?oeie eaoeinueeiiiaieo oieea?a ia no?oeoo?o oe?a?inueei? ienaiii? iiae
ie?aneaiiai o?iiieia?/iiai c??co; a ie?aneaii? oei?a ci?i
iiae-?aoeei??ioa i?ae aieeaii ?ioi? iiae; o c`ynoaaii? caeaaeiino?
nooiaiy iane/aiiy eaoeinueeiiiaieie caiice/ai-iyie oaeno?a iai’yoie a?ae
?o aeai?iaeo iniaeeainoae; o aeya? aca?iica’yceo aioo-??oiueiiiaieo oa
iicaiiaieo (?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo) /eiiee?a aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e
iiae-?aoeei??ioa.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o iiaeeaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaea-ie i?aeiiaii? aca?iiae??, cie?aia, oaeiai ?? oeio, eiee oeae
i?ioean ? iaeiini?yiiaa-iei ? noa`?eoii aieeao ? o.ca. “ia?oaa” iiaa;
i?e aeine?aeaeaii? aieeao iaei??? iiae ia ?ioo aeooae?ciaaii i?iaeaio
aeai?iai? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oaeno?a iiae-?aoeei??ioa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o noai?aii? aii??e/ii? aace aeey
ae-a/aiiy aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e iiae o eiioaeno? i?aeiiaii? aca?iiae??, o
aeya? oaeoi??a ?icaeoeo no?oeoo?e iiae-?aoeei??ioa oa oeyo?a aieeao
iaei??? iiae ia ?ioo. Aiaeii-/an aeaoae?ciaaii iiaio neooaoe?th a
Oe?a?i? e. XVI – XVII no., oaeieeaaeiaii ooieoe?-iiaeueio
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th oe?a?inueei? iiae /a?ac i?ecio a?aeaeooy
eaoeinueeiiiaieo aeaiaio?a o iai`yoeao ??cieo aeai??a ? noee?a. ?iaioa
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia o e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeoe? aeui? oeiee, cie?aia, o
eo?nao ? niaoeeo?nao ?c caaaeueiiai iiai-ciaanoaa, ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
oa eaoeinueei? iia.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Ie?ai? ?icae?ee oa aeena?oaoe?y a oe?eiio iaaiai?ai?
ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa ? eeane/ii? o?eieia??
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, o aeiiia?ae? ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? iai`yo? ?.Oei-aiea (Euea?a, 1996), ia nai?ia?ao
I?aeia?iaeii? oeiee aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe (No?ae–Cao?ae) i?e Aa?oaanueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? (Aa?oaaa 1998; Euea?a, 1998), ia ui??/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
aeeeaaea/?a Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (1995–1997).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a (“Eaoeinueea iiaa o iiaii-eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie e. XVI –
XVII no. (ia iieue-nueei-a?ei?onueei-?in?enueeiio oe?)”; “Caaaeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea eaoeinueeeo caiice-/aiue a oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoeao e. XVI
– XVII no.”; “*an inai?iiy eaoeinueeeo caiice-/aiue ? oeyoe ?o
i?iieeiaiiy a oe?a?inueeo iiao”; “Oi?iaeuei? oa naiaioe/i? ci?ie
eaoeinueeiiiaieo aeaiaio?a a oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoeao e. XVI – XVII no.”),
aeniiae?a, nieneo nei?i/aiue, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui iae?/o?
210 iaeiaioaaiue, ?iaeaeno eaoei?ci?a, aeaio aeiaeaoe?a (“C?noaaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ae??ne?a o eaoeinuee?e oa
oe?a?inuee?e iiaao e. XVI – XVII no.”, “Naiaioe/ia no?oeoo?a cia/aii?ai
iao?ainoi?iiaaieo eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue”). Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – 290 n.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O “Anooi?” iiaeaii ?noi??ia?ao?/iee ia?en i?i noai ? i?eeiie
?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie i?aeiiaii? aca?iiae??, i?i ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei
eeaneo?eaoe?? oei?a aca?iiae?? iia (A.Ai?ioia, A.Na?aa?aiieeia,
TH.AEeoeoaiei, A.A?eaoeueeee, N.Nai/einueeee oa ?i.); ioe?iee i?e/ei
iiyae caiice/aiue o iia? (A.Ia?o?ia, N.Nai/einueeee, TH.Ni-?ie?i,
N.Oaoiyi, E.E?en?i, I.Io?iioeaaa) oa aoai?a caiice/aiiy ye i?ioeano; i?i
iaiaeiaeia?noue iiaeyae?a aeine?aeiee?a uiaei nenoaiaoecaoe??
caiice/aii? eaeneee (ss.A?io, ?.Ia??iei, Ae.Eiooa); i?i noai aea/aiiy
aieea?a eaoeinueei? iiae ia oe?a?inueeo.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Eaoeinueea iiaa o iiaii-eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie
e. XVI – XVII no. (ia iieuenueei-a?ei?onueei-?in?enueeiio oe?)”
i?aee?aneaii, ui na?aae iia, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee a Oe?a?i? a XVI – XVII
no. (oe?a?inueea, oea?eiaii-nei-a’yinueea, ?in?enueea, a?aoeueea,
aaa?aenueea, ?aeeo, a??iainueea, oo?aoeueea, eei/aoeueei-oaoa?nueea,
iieuenueea, i?iaoeueea, oai?nueea, ?oioinueea, ?oae?enueea,
o?aioeocueea) eaoeinueea iiaa a?ae?a?aaaea iniaeeao ?ieue: aiia aoea
iiaith iaoee, ina?oe, e?oa-?aoo?e, /anoeiai – th?eni?oaeaioe??.
Noaaeaiiy aei eaoeinueei? iiae ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? aeei?enoaiiy a
Oe?a?i? ci?ithaaeiny a?ae nia?oo ai?iaeiai aei caiaeii i?eoeeueiiai.
Aaaaoueii eoeueoo?iei ? ?ae?a?eiei ae?y/ai oiai /ano eaoeinueea iiaa
aeaeaaaeany iaaeineiiaeith, ii?. aeoiee C.Eiienoainueeiai (“Aacia/iheoay
anoue ?h/ e oae?aiiheoay oeeinio?th e oaieia?th neaaaineei yc?eii ienaoe
e c a?aoeeiai ia?aaiaeeoe, ieaeee eaoeineei, eioi?ue ineoaeiue anoue,
aea oae ?aeo — aei o?oaeiuo aunieuo ? aiaineianeeo ?h/ae iaaeiaieueiue e
iaaeinoaoi/iue”) oa ?.Aeoainueeiai (“Ia oiaee, ethaeiue a?aoa, aei
eaoeinei? oeo?ineiaii? eaee, ai ah?o caoaeo”, “eaoeinueea i?aioae??noue
— i?yia aei?iaa aei iaeea”). Ia?aeiiieie o aeciaii? eaoeinueei? iiae a
Oe?a?i? aoee 30-o? ?iee XVII no.: iao??a?o Oaioai o a?aiio? a?ae
26.05.1620 ?. iaceaa? Ee?anueeo oeieo “aeeeii-neaaaineaai e
eaoeii-iieueneaai ienueia”, a a eeno? aei ?in?enueeiai oea?y (1625 ?.)
nai? a?ao/eee iacaaee naith oeieo o/eeeuai “ycuea neiayii?inneaai e
aeeeiia?a/aneaai”. Oe?a?inueeei i?ia?aneaiei ae?y/ai, cie?aia I.Iiaee?,
aeiaaeiny a?aenoithaaoe i?aai ia iaa/ai-iy a oe?a?inueeeo caeeaaeao ca
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeie c?aceaie, ine?eueee iieuenueeee ei?ieue
Aeaaeeneaa IV nai?i i?ea?ea?i a?ae 14 aa?aciy 1633 ?. caoaa?aeea oeiee
ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo oaeeie, yeeie aiie aoee aei oiai /ano, oiaoi c
na?aaei?i ??aiai, a a 1634 ?. – noai?i caai?iiea iaoe a Ee?a? e ?ioeo
i?noao eaoeinuee? oeiee. Oi?aa?naeii a?ae 18 aa?aciy 1835 ?. Aeaaeeneaa
IV cae??iea i?aai aeeeaaea-oe eaoeinueeith iiaith eeoa ae?aeaeoeeo e
eia?eo; oeei i?aaii Ee?anueea eieaa?y aieiae?ea aei e?ioey iieuenueeiai
iaioaaiiy iaae Ee?aii, iaeiae ia oe? caai?iie I.Iiaeea ia caa?oaa oaaae
? i?iaeiaaeoaaa ?icii/aoo oe?eueio i?ia?aio.

O eoeueoo?ii-iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?on? a Oe?a?i? e. XVI – XVII no. aaeeea
cia/aiiy iaa ?icaeoie ae?oea?noaa e eieaiaeaeaiiy: a 1586 ?. Euea?anueea
a?aonoai i?aai?-coaaei naith ae?oea?ith, yea oaeaeei ?icaeioea
ae?yeuei?noue ? aeiaeeea i?ae ?i’yi oeii-a?ao?? Noaa?ii?a?aeueiiai
?inoeoooo aei iaoiai /ano; ai?iaeiaae 1604–1606 ??. O No?yoei?
(Aaee/eia) i?aoethaaea ae?oea?iy O.TH.Aaeaaaia, yeo caiaeii
?.Ieaoa-iaoeueeee ia?aa?c aei Ee?aa, a Eaa?o, ? c 1615 ?. ii/aa
ae?oeoaaiiy eiea o Ee?a?; aei na?aaeeie XVII no. a Oe?a?i? aoei 25
ae?oea?aiue.

Eaoeinueea iiaa o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae a Oe?a?i? aoea iiaith
th?eni?o-aeaioe??, i?nueeeo oa cainueeeo noae?a, ae?eiaiaenoaa, cie?aia,
eaioeaey??e (ia Oieiuei?, I?aeeyoo?, Iie?nn? o XVI no., a i?ney
Ethae?inueei? oi?? 1596 ?. — o oeo aieeinueeeo i?nueeeo eaioeaey??yo,
aea ?ai?oa aeei?enoiaoaaee oe?a?inueeo iiao; ia Iiae?ee? c oiai /ano
aeoiaith iiaith oaeiae aoea ? eaoeinueea).

Aieea aioe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia oe?a?inueeo a e. XVI – XVII no. aoa ye
aaciina-?aaei?i, oae iiina?aaeeiaaiei i?iaoeueeith oa /anueeith
eoeueoo?aie; iaeiii?oi?oo ?ieue o iioe?aii? ae?oe?a aioe/ii? neiaaniino?
a Oe?a?io a?ae?a?aaaea Iieueua, ui aoei coiiaeaii oiai/anieie
noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieie e aeiiii?/ieie oiiaaie ?icaeoeo ?a/? Iiniieeoi?,
aei neeaaeo yei? aoiaeeea /anoeia oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue. O oeae /an o
?a/? Iiniieeo?e eaoeinueea iiaa a?ae?a?aaaea i?ia?aeio ?ieue ye iiaa
ina?oe e iaoee. Aea/aiiy iiaii-eoeueoo?ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? e. XVI –
XVII no. iieacaei, ui eaoeinueea iiaa (eaoeinueeiiiaia e?oa?aoo?a,
oe?oa – aioe/ia eoeueoo?a) /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai iieuenueei? eoeueoo?e
i?iieea? ia no?aeiineia’yinuee? oa?aie, aea iin?aea? iii?oia i?noea o
iaoeiaiio, aeooiaiiio, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiio oa eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie, A?ei?on?, ?in??. Eaoeinueea iiaa ia ooieoe?iioaaea ?cieueiaaii,
a aieeaaea ia ?io? ienaii? no?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae; ?? iin?yie aoee
oe?a?ioe?, ui iaee aenieee ia oie /an iiaiee aeoe?e, aieiae?ee e
oe?a?inueeith ienaiiith iiaith. I?e oeueiio iii?oiei aoa ?iciiae?e noa?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ??cieo iia, ui ia iiaei ?o oaa?aaoe a?ae o?nii?
aca?iiae?? oa aeeiai?ee ?o aioo??oi?o no?oeoo?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue o
iai’yoeao e. XVI – XVII no.” cina?aaeaeaia oaaaa ia neeaae? eaoei?ci?a o
no?oeoo?? iiae-?aoeei??ioa, ia ?icoe?aii? aiane?aeie ia?aeiaiiy eaeneee
iiiyo?eii? no?oe-oo?e oe?a?inueei? iiae, ia ?ai?acaioaoe?? no?oeoo?ii?
??ciiiai?oiino? eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue, cao?eniaaieo ienaiieie
iai’yoeaie.

O i?ae?icae?e? “Oaiaoe/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y eaoei?ci?a” iiaeaii
eeaneo?eaoe?th caiice/aiue: aiia ia? o?e y?one: ia?oee – oi?aa?noi –
cana?ae/o? iaaeeoa?ai-oe?eiaai?noue onueiai iiiyo?eiiai iiey; ae?oaee –
iae?iaeeoa?aioe?aoe?y, iiae?e ia o?e iniiai? eiiieaene: anana?o (iica
ethaeeiith), ethaeeia (iica anana?oii), ethaeeia ? anana?o (ye iaaia
?aei?noue); o?ao?e – aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ia a?aeiia?aei? ?aeaia?ao?/i?
noa?e. Cie?aia, eiiieaen anana?o ioiieth? /ioe?e i?aeeiiieaene: iaaani?
o?ea, caiey, ?ineeiiee na?o, oaa?eiiee na?o; eiiieaen ethaeeia – /ioe?e:
ethaeeia ye ?noioa, aeooa ? ?icoi, ethaeeia ye /eai noni?euenoaa,
i?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe; eiiieaen ethaeeia ?
anana?o – o?noue: aoooy, ye?noue ? noai, /enei ? e?euee?noue, i??a, /an,
i?ino??, i?e/eia, ?oo, ci?ia. O iaaeao i?aeeiiieaen?a iiaeooue
ie?anethaaoeny ie?ai? ?aeaia?ao?/i? a?oie. Iane/aiiy oeeo a?oi
caiice/aiith eae-neeith ? ia??aiii??iei: ie?ai? a?oie ?icaaeoaeai?,
/enaeuei? (iai?.: ethaeeia ye ?noioa; aeooa ? ?icoi; ethaeeia ye /eai
noni?euenoaa; i?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe), ?io? –
i?aaenoaaeai? iiiaeeiieeie eaenaiaie (iai?.: iaaani? o?ea, caiey,
i?ino??, i?e/eia). Iai?.: i?aeeiiieaen i?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ?
nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe i?aaenoaaeaiee oaeeie ?aeaia?ao?/ieie a?oiaie:

– iacae aea?aeaaii-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aai?caoe?e (iai?.: eaioeaey?ey**
O i?eeeaaeao caa?aaeaii iniaeeaino? iaienaiiy oeeoiaaieo iai’yoie.
‘eaioeaey??y’ (< cancellaria), eiiaieaoeuy ‘naei aeey iae?aiiy eaiaeeaeaoo?e ia o?ii, yeee neeeeaany i?ney nia?o? ei?iey’ (< convocatio), eiina?aaou ‘noaeia? nan?? Ethae?inueeiai o?eaoiaeo – iaeaeui? aiaeyoe?eii? ?inoaioe?? aeey Iaeiiieueu? oa oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue o neeaae? ?a/? Iiniieeoi?’ (< n-eao. conservata), naiaoue ‘iaeaeua noaeiaa aeaaea’ (< senatus), iaanoaoue ‘o?ii, aeaaea’ (< majestas, -tatis), eiii?n?y ‘o?yaeiaa eii?n?y’ (< commissio), iaeno?aoue ‘aea?aeaaia i?aai?caoe?y, ui ea?o? i?noii, i?nueea oi?aaa’ (< magistratus); – iacae iiae?e aea?aeaaii? aaae (iai?.: aeceoaoeey ‘?iniaeooaaiiy, cae?eniaiiy o?yaeiaeo a?aea?aeei, ia?aaaaeii oea?eia ? iiianoe??a c iaoith ia?aa??ee noaio ni?aa’ (< visitatio), aeaeuoeey ‘aea?? ia yeo-iaaoaeue iinaaeo’ (< electio), ?aaiethoe?y ‘?oo, ia?aai?io’ (< revolutio), iiahehoiaaoue ‘i?aeiineoe aei oeyoaonueeiai noaio’ (< nobilitare), o?aeoaoue (> o?aeoiaaoe) ‘ia?aaiai?e’ (< tractatus), eiioaaea?aoe?y ‘oei/aniaee nithc ?c iie?oe/iith iaoith’ (< confederatio), eioa??aaioiu ‘ia??iae i?ae nia?oth iaeiiai ei?iey ? ia?aiiyi ?ioiai’ (< interregnum), eioa?oeaen?y ‘iie?oe/ia iina?aaeieoeoai’ (< intercessio); – iacae aea?aeaaii-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo aeieoiaio?a (iai?.: aaeieieno?aoeey ‘?icii?yaeaeaiiy’ (< administratio), aeo ‘i?aaiaee o?yaeiaee aeieoiaio’ (< actus), aeeniiceoeey ‘?icii?yaeaeaiiy, ieai’ (< dispositio), eiiaaioeey ‘aeiaia??, caeeaeaiiy, oaiaea’ (< conventio), eiinouoooeey ‘ca?ae caeii?a’ (< constitutio), ?aeyoe?y ‘?aii?o, aeiianaiiy’ (< relatio), eino?oeoe?y ‘iacaa ienueiiai? iinoaiiae’ (< instructio), iao-?eea ‘ca??iee aeaai?o o?yaeiaeo aeo?a; io?oe?eiee ia?ae?e, nienie, a?aeii?noue’ (< mat-ricula > matrix), iaeoue ‘oaiaea’ (< pactum); – iacae o?yaeiaeo in?a (iai?.: aaeieieno?aoi?u ‘i?aaeoaeue, iai?niee, canooiiee’ (< administrator), aioaoeani? ‘iina?aaeiee’ (< antecessor), aeeaieoa?u ‘naiiaiee’ (< dignitas, -tatis), einoueaaoi? ‘naiiaiee /e o?yaeiaa iniaa, a iaia’ycee yei? aoiaeeei noaaeeoe ca i?aainoaeaeyi, i?eoyaoaaoe ii?ooiee?a aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?’ (< instigator), aecaeooi? ‘aeeiiaaaoeue noaeiaiai ??oaiiy’ (< exe-cutor), aeaeou ‘iniaa, yeo ia?aee ia iaaio iinaaeo’ (< electio), eaiaeeaeaoue ‘i?aoaiaeaio ia iaaio iinaaeo’ (< candidatus), eaioee?? ‘naiiaiee, yeee i/iethaaa aea?aeaaio eaioeaey??th ? ioi?iiya ei?ie?anueeo ia/aoeo’ (< cancellare), eaooaeyi ‘naiiaiee ?c ooieoe?yie iaaeyaeo ca noaiii oe??ieaiue ? iinoa/aiiy iaea?eueoeo aea?aeaaieo caie?a; canooiiee ai?aiaee’ (< castellanus); – iacae, iia’ycai? ?c nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iei ooeneii (iai?.: aa?aaiaaoe ‘iia??ooaaoe, iaoyaeoaaoe, ooeneaoe, iaaieeoe’ (< aggravare), aa?aaaoe?y ‘ai?o, ooene’ (< aggravare), aeaaanoiaaoe ‘nionoiooaaoe, ?ici?thaaoe, cieuoaaoe’ (< devastare), aeaniaeoiaaoe ‘aaiueaeoe, aac/anoeoe, ciaaaaeaoe’ (< despectare), eiuoanoiaaoe ‘o?eaiaeeoe, io/eoe, ia?ane?aeoaaoe’ (< infestare), ea?oeey ‘a’ycieoey’ (< n-eao. corazina), ea?aaaiaiue ‘ooene, ianeeuenoai’ (< gravamen), aiinoaoa ‘cai?iaeaiaoeue, ?aiaaao’ (< apostatis), ei??oioe?y ‘aeaii?ae?caoe?y’ (< corruptio), ?aaaeehy ‘aoio’ (< re-bellio), ?aaaeuecaiou ‘aoio?aiee’ (< rebelans, -antis), oaeoe?y ‘ciiaa, aoio’ (< factio), ii?an?y ‘aiiaeaiiy’ (< oppressio), aeenoeeie?ia ‘i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy’ (< disciplina), i?ioaeoe?y ‘i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy, caa?oi?noue iaei??? aea?aeaae iaae ?ioith’ (< protectio), noaihnn?y ‘i?aeei?aiiy iaai?e aeaae?’ (< submissio); – i?aai; o oe?e ?aeaia?ao?/i?e noa?? ie?aneththoueny aea? i?aaeiaoii-oaiaoe/i? a?oie: a) iacae in?a, iia’ycaieo ?c noaei/einoaii, i?aaenoaaiee?a ne?ae/eo i?aai?a, cei/eioe?a (iai?.: aaaeeoi? ‘/eai noaeo’ (< auditor), aaeueaa?aiou ‘i?ea?/iee, i?eoeeueiee; i?eneoaeiee, ni?ao/aniee’ (< adhaereo), aeoi?u ‘iiceaa/, iiaiaeiaa, inea?aeaia aai iioa?i?ea noi?iia’ (< actor), a?aeoa?u ‘a?a?o?, iina?aaeiee, iiethaiaiee noaeaey’ (< arbiter), anani?u ‘noaeiaa iniaa, noaeiaee can?aeaoaeue’ (< as-sessor), aeieyoi?u ‘ii?ooiee’ (< violator), aeaeyoi? ‘iiceaa/’ (< delator), eieaeceoaoi? ‘ne?ae/ee’ (< inquisitor), eiiuei?iiena? ‘o?aoaenueeee noaeaey’ (< com-promissarius), ei??oioi?u ‘ii?ooiee’ (< corruptor); a) iacae ia iicia/aiiy caaaeueieo ? /anoeiaeo iiiyoue noaei/einoaa, i?? ? nii-nia?a iiea?aiiy, iacae c? noa?e aeeiiaa/i? ? ne?ae/i? ae?yeueiino? noaeiaeo i?aai?a, iacae th?eaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a, iacae noaeiaeo ?inoaioe?e: (iai?.: aeo ‘aeieoiaio, aia-naiee aei eieae aeey caieno noaeiaeo ni?aa, ui iaaoa i?ney oeueiai /eiiino?’ (< ac-tus), aeoeanni?uy ‘ae?ie’ (< accessorium), aeoeey ‘ni?aaa, noaeiaee i?ioean, iicia’ (< actio), aeaaaoeey ‘aeieac, iieeeeaiiy ia uinue’ (< allegatio), aeaaiaaoe ‘aeiaiaeeoe, aei?aaaeiaoaaoe’ (< allegare), aeoean?y ‘caeiaoooy i?aaa ia aeani?noue; oaiaea i?i i?eaooie’ (< accessio), aeuoi?ao ‘i?aai iaei??? ?c noi??i ia ia?oi/a?aiaa iaaaaeaiiy aeieac?a nai?? i?aaioe’ (< actor), aeoiaaiee ‘?icii/aoee o noae?, aeia-naiee ia ?icaeyae noaeo’ (< actus), aeoueiaaia ‘caien aeieoiaioa aei noaeiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo eiea’ (< n-eao. acticare), aeoa?eaoe?y ‘noia?a/ea noi??i o oi?i? ia?ao?aniiai aeiieoo’ (< altercatio), aiaeaaaoe ‘aiaethaaoe, caa?oaoeny ca i?aeo?eieith’ (< appellare), ai?iaaoe?y ‘noaaeaiiy, caoaa?aeaeaiiy’ (< approbatio), a?aoiaioiaaoe ‘a?aoiaiooaaoe, aeiaiaeeoe, i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaoe aeieacaie’ (< argu-mentari), a?anoue ‘oei/aniaa iicaaaeaiiy aie?; noaeiaa caai?iia ei?enooaaoeny /eiinue, aeeiioaaoe uinue; io?oe?eia i?eieiaiiy ?icaeyaeo noaeiai? ni?aae’ (< n-eao. arrestare); – a?enueeiaa ni?aaa (iai?.: aia?aiaiuou ‘eoe?, ii?io oa ?io? ?a/?, iio??ai? aeey aa?iaoe’ (< apparamentus), aia?aoue ‘noeoii?noue ?a/ae, i?ecia/aieo aeey no??eueae’ (< apparatus), aioaneaiaiu ‘ea??aiee, i?ia?aeiee; nieaeaoe ia?oeo oa-?aia, ye? ai?ieeny iiia?aaeo i?aii?a ? caoeuaee eiai; a?aea??ia /anoeia eaa?iio, yea i?aeo?eioaaea a aith e?iiioo’ (< antesignanus), aaeaa?na?u ‘ai?ia, i?ioeaiee’ (< adversarius), a?iaoa ‘aa?iaoa, ca?iy, oeio, a?iaaea, a?enueei’ (< n-eao. armata), aa?aeuou ‘aa?aeeo (??ciiaeae oieiaeii? ca?i?)’ (< barducium), aaooa ‘iai?iiia oe??ieaiiy – aaaea’ (< n-eao. bastia), aeueniaaeeoe?y ‘i?eaaaeaiiy a ii?yaeie, a?aei?aaea a?enueea ia cae?eniaiiy iia?aoe?? o a?aeaeaeai?e i?noeaaino?’ (< expeditio), ?eeaa?iaaoe ‘aecaieyoe’ (< liberare), a?ienoeoe?thiue ‘ia?aie?’y’ (< arma + sistere); – ?ae?a?y. O iaaeao oe??? ?aeaia?ao?/ii? noa?e aeae?eaii aea? oaiaoe/i? i?aea?oie: a) iacae i?aaenoaaiee?a oea?eiaiiai ea??aieoeoaa, oea?eiaieo i?eneoaeiee?a ? iiiao?a (iai?.: eiooeaoue ‘nayuaiee, yeee ia? i?aai aaeeaaiiy ieo?e’ (< infula-tus), a?oeeaieaiu ‘ia?ainayuaiee; noa?oee iaae eaoieeoeueeeie nayuaieeaie’ (< archicapellanus), a?oeeaeneoiu ‘eaoieeoeueeee a?o??ieneii’ (< archiepiscopus), aiieo?ao?u ‘iiiao, /a?iaoeue i?aeaio na. ssia Aiaeiai’ (< boni fratres), aeea?ee ‘a?ea??e (iii?/iee aai canooiiee a?o???ay, ?ieneiia /e ia?ao?yeueiiai nayuaieea)’ (< vicarius); a) iacae ?ae?a?eieo iiiyoue, oea?eiaieo iinaae, aoaeeie?a, ao?eaoo?a neoaeae, ?ae?a?eieo ia’?aeiaiue, iai?yie?a, oea?eiaieo eiea, i?eeaae?a, iaeyao, oa?i?ie /a?iae?e-noaa ? ai?iaeae (iai?.: aaniethoe?a ‘a?aeiouaiiy a??o?a, aaniethoe?y’ (< absolutio), aiiaou ‘??/iee aeio?ae c oea?eiaieo ia?oe?a, a?aeaeaaaiee o nea?a Aaoeeaio, a i?ci?-oa ia iai?iio ?a/? Iiniieeoi?’ (< n-eao. annata), a?iaoo?a ‘aeooiaia ca?iy’ (< armatura), aaiaoeoeey ‘oea?eiaiee ia?oie, i?eaooee a?ae iueiai; aeooiaia iinaaea c aecia/aieie i?eaooeaie’ (< benefitio), aeaa ‘a?eee aeooiaiee iaeya, yeee eaoieeoeuee? nayuaiieee iaeyaathoue i?ae ?eco’ (< alba), aia?aiaiuou ‘einoueieueiee iaeya’ (< apparamentus), aia?aoue ‘oea?eiaiee aai einoueieueiee ?aea?ceo, ?a/?’ (< apparatus), eiooea ‘ieo?a ?ieneiia’ (< infula), aoaenoa ‘aacaiaeiee, aaca??iee, aoa?no’ (< atheista), aano?y ‘i?ioeaiee aiaia?, aeeyaie’ (< bestia), aeea?ey ‘iinaaea ? aoaeeiie a?ea??y’ (< vicarius), aeaaeeeaoe?a ‘inay/aiiy’ (< dedicatio) ?eneiiioieeaoeey ‘a?aeeo/ai-iy a?ae oea?eae’ (< excommunicatio); – ina?oa, iaoea, ienoaoeoai ? a?o?oaeoo?a (iai?.: nooaeaio ‘nooaeaio’ (< stu-dens, -entis), eiiniaeo ‘eiiniaeo’ (< conspectus), eaaae?aou ‘eaaae?ao’ (< quad-ratum), eiiian ‘eiiian’ (< n-eao. compassus), aecaiaiu ‘iieooaaiiy, ia?aa??ea’ (< examen), eieaaeoiue ‘eieaa?oi, ?co?onueea oeiea’ (< collegium), eaio ‘ni?aaiiy, caoe, i?niy’ (< cantus), aanu ‘aan’ (< bassus), eiiiiceoo?a ‘eiiiiceoe?y’ (< compositura), iioa ‘iioa’ (< nota), aeiiue ‘a?ii’ (< hymnus), ioca ‘ioceea, ienoaoeoai, a/ai?noue’ (< musa), nainue ‘iiia?aeaiiy’ (< sens), ne?eioue ‘?oeiien’ (< scriptio, scriptum), i?aoe?y ‘o?i/enoa i?iiiaa’ (< oratio), o?aeoao ‘o?aeoao’ (tractatus), oi?ia ‘oi?ia’ (for-ma), oeeao?a ‘neiaie, o?ao?a’ (< figura), ooiaeaiaiou ‘iniiaa, ooiaeaiaio’ (< fun-damentum), noaooy ‘o?ao?a, neoeueioo?a’ (< statua), io? ‘io?, caai?iaea’ (< murus), aeaaano?ue ‘aeaaano?, a?in’ (< alabastrum), aaeynu ‘aaeynoe, e?oaeee noiai/ee, noiai/eee aeey aaethno?aaee’ (< balaustium). I?e an?e a?aeiiniino? eaaioeoaoeaieo ioe?iie eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue (i?i ?o aaniethoi? aaee/eie iiaeia aiai?eoe eeoa noiniaii aiae?co ie?aieo oaeno?a) e?euee?nia iani?ai??i?noue cao?eniaaieo eaoei?ci?a ??cieo oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ? i/aaeae-iith. Cie?aia, eiiieaen anana?o ? iaei/enaeueiei ? i?aaenoaaeaiee eeoa 30 caiice/aiiyie c eaoeinueei? iiae; a?i ioiieth? 4 ?aeaia?ao?/i? noa?e, ye? ia??aiii??ii a?aeaeaathoue eaoeinueeiiiaiee aieea a e. XVI – XVII no. (iaaani? o?ea – 7, caiey – 8, ?ineeiiee na?o – 12, oaa?eiiee na?o – 3). I?iieeiaiiy oeeo caiice/aiue a oe?a?inueeo iiao e. XVI – XVII no. aoei coiiaeaia iio?aaaie iii?iaoe?? iaoai?ieia?/ieo ? eini?/ieo yaeu, iiiyoue, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?aeue?o ? ei?eni? eiiaeeie, iaceaaiiy aecioe/ieo oaa?ei ? ?ineei, ye? ia oie /an a oe?a?i-nuee?e iia? ia iaee a?aeiia?aeiee?a, aai ae aeey yeeo ?nioaaee ieoii? iacae, iaeiae aiie ia caaeiaieueiyee aeiia iaaiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noeeth iai’yoee. Iiai?oa i?aaenoaaeaiee caiice/aiiyie c eaoeinueei? iiae ?aeaia?ao?/iee eiiieaen ethaeeia ? anana?o (75 eaenai), yeee ioiieth? 6 ?aeaia?ao?/ieo noa? (aoooy – 17, ye?noue ? noai – 19, /enei, e?euee?noue, i??a, /an – 16, i?ino?? – 2, i?e/eia – 8, ?oo, ci?ia - 13); eiiieaen ethaeeia ienaiieie iai’yoeaie e. XVI – XVII no. i?aaenoaaeaiee iaeiia-i?oa (686 eaoei?ci?a); eiio i?eoaiaiia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ia 4 ?aeaia?ao?/i? noa?e (a iaaeao yeeo aeae?eythoue ie?ai? a?oie eaeneee): ethaeeia ye ?noioa (57), aeooa ? ?icoi (106), ethaeeia ye /eai noni?euenoaa (102), i?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe (421). Caoaaaeeii, ui a iaaeao iaei??? ?aeaia?ao?/ii? noa?e i?inoa-aeo?oueny iani?ai??i?noue iane/aiiy eaoei?ciaie ie?aieo a?oi, ii?.: a ?aeaia?ao?/i?e noa?? i?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe aeae?eythoue a?oie caiice-/aieo eaenai: i?aai (184), a?enueeiaa ni?aaa (22), iacae aea?aeaaii-aaei?i?no?a-oeaieo i?aai?caoe?e (15). Caeaaeii a?ae aeai?iaeo oa noeeueiaeo iniaeeainoae ienaiieo iai’yoie nii-noa??aa?oueny eieeaaiiy uiaei a?aee?eoino? oaeno?a aeey ia?aeiaiiy eaoei?ci?a, iai?.: iaeiiai?oa eaoeinueeiiiaiee aieea a?aeaeaathoue iai’yoee ae?eiaiai noeeth iiaeaiiy. Cie?aia, o iai’yooe? “I?aeeiii?nueea ni?aaa ca aeae?aoii Ethae?inueeiai o?eaoiaeo c iaeyaeii oa iaianaiiyi ia ea?oo ni??ieo a?aieoeue i?ae ia?oeaie E?uei Eaueinueeeo oa Eioaeueiy Caiienueeeo o AEeoiie?nueeiio iia?o?” (1639 ?.) aeei?en-oaii 817 eaoei?ci?a, ui noaiiaeoue 7 % on?o neiaiaaeeaaiue iai’yoee (11666), a a “Iicaieaiu? aeeeyoeee aieoi? ni?aau aai i(e). iaio Naiyauneiio a ni?aaa eia-aeaoe, aai i(e). iia iiaeeiii?iai a?aneaaneiai” (1643 ?.) – 776 eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue, aai ae 10,7 % a?ae on?o neiaiaaeeaaiue (7283). Iaeiae nooi?iue iane/aiiy iai’yoee ae?eiaiai noeeth eaoei?ciaie caeaaeeoue ? a?ae niaoeeo?ee th?eaee/iiai aeieoiaioa, a?ae iniaeeainoae ni?aae, aeeeaaeaii? a iueiio (iai?.: o iai’yooe? “Ni?aaa iia ssia Eyaeiae/a c iiii sseoaii Eaeaaaieoeeeiu” aeei?enoaii 1 eaoei?ci (0,47 % a?ae on?o neiaiaaeeaaiue iai’yoee – 212), a a iai’yooe? “Ni?aaa iia sseoaa Eaeaaaieoeeiai n iiii Eyaeiae/ii” – 3 (0,76 % a?ae on?o neiaiaaeeaaiue – 396). Iiaoe/i? oai?e aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo iaio iane/ai? eaoei?ciaie, ui aoei co-iiaeaii niaoeeo?eith aeai?o, ?ici??ii oaenoo oa eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieie ia?aei-iaiiyie aaoi??a; e?euee?noue caiice/aiue o oai?? eieeaa?oueny a?ae iaeeieoeue (5 – E.Aie-eiae/ “?aciuoeai? i ioeoeh O?enoa, nianeoaey iaoaai…”; 3 – A.Neoeuenueeee “O?aaiae?a “O?enoin ianoii”, a Iyoie Aaeee?e, ii aeiaeaith ieauaieoeh a a?ia”; 6 – ss.Naaeianueeee “I?ainayuaiiiio e i?aaaeaaiheoaio aai ieeinoe ainiiaeeio io-oeo Aoaian?th Aaea??aio”) aei e?eueeio aeanyoe?a (20 eaoei?ci?a, ui noaiiaeoue 3,03 % a?ae on?o neiaiaaeeaaiue iai’yoee (659) – N.Ii/anueeee “…Aaey/iinoue ynia i?aaaeaa-iheoiio a O?enoh aai ieeinoe ainiiaeeio iooeo ee? Iao?o Iiaeeh”; 47 (1,56 % a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ne?a o iai’yooe? – 3007) – eiai ae “Aaeeeii…”). O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “No?oeoo?i? oeie eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue” ?icaeyiooi ??ci? o?aaeeoe?? a?ao?/ii? ia?aaea/? ?ioiiiaieo aeaiaio?a o oaenoao ienaiieo iai’yoie e. XVI – XVII no. O aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae iioe?aiith aoea o?aaeeoe?y ia?aaea/? eaoei?ci?a o iao?aine?oa?iaai?e oi?i? (oa?aeoa?ii aeey iiaoe/ieo oai??a, cie?aia, ?aaia Aaee/eianueeiai, Aa?eaaia ssneinueeiai, iai?.: eao. finis ye ia?aeaeue aei oe?a?inueeiai e?iaoeue; eao. capitelus 'eieiia' ? oe?. aeaaa oa ?i.); iioe?aiith aoea ? ia?aaea/a eaoei?ci?a oe?a?inueeith a?ao?eith i?e caa?aaeaii? oiiaoe/ieo oa a?aiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae i?ea?iaeo (oeiiai aeey aeoiaeo aeieoiaio?a, iai?.: aeao?eiaiooiue 'caeoie', oaiaeaiue 'ia?aoo?', aeieaioa? 'ia-neeueii', aaeaeaioa? 'i/aaeaeii'; ooe ei eaaenneii aeoeani?ei aenue ?aoeeiieaonue noi?aiiieiaoen 'ye i?e iaeinooo?aiio oi?iaeueiiio caeeae? ? aeoiaey/e c aeuaiaaaaeaieo aeieac?a', ei i?io?aeoeeiiaiue thnoeoeee ei aeao?eiaiooiue eaaueca yeoo?ai aoeaa aeaiioi ia?oen aeueoi?ea 'aeey caoyaoaaiiy i?aainoaeaey ia oeiaeo ni?aa?, ui ia? ?icii/aoeny, ? ia caeoee noi?ii? iiceaa/a'). Iai'yoee e. XVI – XVII no. a?aeaeaathoue caiice/aiiy ia eeoa ie?aieo eaenai, a e niieoe eaenai, ye? ia?aaeaaaeeny ia ienuei? caeaa?eueoiai ee?eeeoeath, aea a?a-iaoe/ii aoee ioi?ieai? ca i?aaeeaie eaoeinueei? iiae. Na?aae oeeo niieoe aeae?eaii oae? oeie: 1) i?eeiaiiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: ia? iiaeoi 'o niin?a', ei i?athaeeoeeoiue 'ia caeoie', ei aeoaeoiue 'i?ae noii?aii', ei ianno 'o i?ioean?', aea aaeeaeeoaoa 'i?i i?aaicaeaoi?noue', ei eiiueaeeeoaieia 'o caiai??'); 2) i?eeiaiiee + i?eeiaoiee (iai?.: aaue aeoeani?ei 'a?ae oi?iaeueiino?', aenue aioeeai 'caeaaia', eiue oioi 'a oe?eiio', ei iinoa?oi 'ia iaeaooi?'); 3) /anoea (aai niieo/iee) + i?ene?aiee (iai?.: iiiue eacoaeeoa? 'ia aeiaae-eiai', ooue noi?a 'ye aeua'); 4) i?eeiaoiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: nooueoeoeeaioai ieaieiioaioeeai 'aeinoaoi? oiiaiiaaaeaiiy', nieueeaiueiaiue i?ioanoaoeeiiai 'io?oe?eio i?ioan-oaoe?th', ia?nue aaeaa?na 'i?ioeeaaeia noi?iia', thn aa?aaeeoa?eoiue 'niaaeeiaa i?aai'); 5) i?eeiaiiee + i?eeiaoiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: ei iaoeeoeea iinanuiia 'o niie?eiiio aieiae?ii?', aenue eiio?iaa?nen na?een 'a?ae na?eicieo noia?a/ie', ei ooiueaei eiiueo?iaa?ni 'o ni??iiio ia?oeo', ei eyoeei?e oi?ia 'o a?aee?eoiio aeaeyae?'); 6) ?iaiiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: eieueeyoa?aeeoiue ia?oeeoiue 'noi??i noi?aeiee?a', iaiaiue ea?aaaieien 'oo?ao ca iaoyaeaiiy'); 7) i?eeiaiiee + ?iaiiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: ei ?a?oi iaoo?a 'o i?e?iae? ?a-/ae', ei eiei eiio?iaa?ni 'ia i?noe? noia?a/ee', ei oi?i oi?u 'aeeeee aei noaeo', eiiueo?a aa?aaeanue aiii?oiue 'i?ioe niaaeei?ioe?a ia?oeo'); 8) i?eeiaiiee + ?iaiiee + caeiaiiee (iai?.: ei i?acaioeey iino?a 'o iao?e i?enooiino?', aieue eiue ianno 'o oeueiio i?ioean?', ei ?ai noaiue 'ia naith ei?enoue'); 9) ?iaiiee + caeiaiiee: eiinie?aoeeiia noa 'ca nai?th ciiaith', noaiue eii-oeeaoeoaoaiue 'naith iaaeo', na iooeoeeoi 'ca nai?i iaia'yceii'); 10) neiainiieo/aiiy, ye? neeaaeathoueny c ae??neiaa oa ?iaiii? /anoeie, aei yei? iiaeooue aoiaeeoe a) ?iaiiee, a) i?eeiaiiee + ?iaiiee, a) i?eeiaoiee + ?iaiiee (iai?.: ii?aiue ei iaoeoo? 'i?aeeyaaoe cao?eioe?', i?eaaoa aaueoi?eoaoa o?ainueiiia?a 'ca i?eaaoiith ?i?oe?aoeaith ia?aianoe', i?iaaaeo aaueoaiueouoeen aeieoiaiueoen 'aeiaaaea aeinoia??ieie aeieoiaioaie', aaiaaiea oanon ano 'aeia?i-a?eueii aeciaa', eiio?iaa?neanue ooiueaeen eieaiinoea?a 'i?ciaoe caiaeuei? noia?a/-ee'). Cacia/eii, ui ia??aeei iao?aine?oa?iaaieie i?eeiaiieeiaeie niieoeaie cae?i/oaaee nai? oai?e iiaoe XVI – XVII no. (iai?.: in pectore 'ia ia?nao', in sensero pectore 'a?ae ue?iai na?oey', ad suos 'aeey nai?o' oa ?i.). Aaoi?e ia??aeei aaiaeeee o iai’yoee oe?e? ?a/aiiy /e a?eueo? o?aaiaioe oaenoo – e?eueea ?a/aiue eaoeinueeith iiaith (iai?.: Lupus est in silvis nutritus et vitam per-dit. Canis in silvis uenatur et vitam anseruat est ‘Aiae o e?nao aiaeo?oueny ? aeeooy ao?a-/a?. Ian o e?nao iieth? ? aeeooy caa??aa?’ – ?.Aaee/eianueeee “Ieioou”). No?oeoo?ia iaiaeii??aei?noue eaoeinueeiiiaieo caiice/aiue o iai'yoeao e. XVI – XVII no. – a?ae ie?aiiai neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy aei a?eueoiai ca ianyaii o?aaiaioa oaenoo – na?ae/eoue, ii-ia?oa, i?i cia/ia iioe?aiiy eaoeinueei? iiae a oe?a?inueeiiiaiiio na?aaeiaeu? aaoi??a aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeno?a, ii-ae?oaa, i?i a?aenooi?noue onoaeaieo eaiii?a, iaoii?iiaaia ia?aeiaiiy /oaeiiiaieo aeaiaio?a oe?a?inueeiiiaieie aaoi?aie; ia oea ae aeaco? ? ia?aaea/a caiice/aiue ia ienuei? ye ee?eeeoeath (no?oeoo?ii aaeaioiaai? oe?a?inueeith iiaith /e iaaaeaioiaai?, c? caa-?aaeaiiyi a?aiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae eaoeinueei? iiae), oae ? a iao?aine?oa?iaai?e oi?i? c? caa?aaeaiiyi niaoeeo?/ieo ?en eaoeinueei? oiiaoeee ? a?aiaoeee. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “*an inai?iiy eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue ? oeyoe ?o i?i-ieeiaiiy a oe?a?inueeo iiao” c?iaeaii ni?iao aecia/eoe /an i?iieeiaiiy caiice/aiue o iiao-?aoeei??io oa aeyaeoe iiaeeea? iiaeae? canai?iiy: aaciina?aaeiuei c eaoeinueeiiiaieo oaeno?a /e iiina?aaeeiaaii – /a?ac ?io? iiae, a oaeiae c’ynoaaoe /eiieee, ye? aieeaaee ia ?ioaineai?noue canai?iiy ?ioiiiaieo aeaiaio?a, coiiaethaaee ?o o?ainoi?iaoe?th /e caa?aaeaiiy aeo?aeieo oi?i ? cia/aiue. Aeaea?aea c ?noi?e/ii? eaeneeia?ao??, ye i?aaeei, ia iiaeathoue aeieeaaeii? ?i-oi?iaoe?? uiaei /ano canai?iiy ?ioiiiaiiai aeaiaioa; o e?auiio aeiaaeeo oii?yaeieee aeacothoue noie?ooy, iieeeeath/enue ia iai’yoee, c yeeo aenoea?iiaaii eaenaio. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui aaaaoi iai’yoie caa?aaeeny iaaeaoiaaieie, ? aeey ieo aaaeei oi/ii anoaiiaeoe /an ?? iaienaiiy. ? ana ae ?ieiee aaea?oueny anoaii-aeoe /an ia?oi? iiyae iaaii? eaenaie o iai’yoeao. Naia /an ia?oi? ?ai?acai-oaoe?? eaoei?cia a oe?a?inueeiiiaieo iai’yoeao ie oiiaii aaaaea?ii “/anii caiice/aiiy”, oi/a, c?icoi?ei, eaenaia iiaea ?nioaaoe a oe?a?inuee?e iia? caaeiaai aei iaienaiiy caa?aaeaii? iai’yoee, aai ae eaenaia ? “aaoi?nueeei” caiice/aiiyi, a oiio ia a?aeaeaa? iiaiiai ocono. Oiio /an iaienaiiy oai?o ia caaaeaee a?aeiia?-aea? /ano i?iieeiaiiy caiice/aiiy o iiao-?aoeai??io, a ? eeoa “oiiaiei” o?iiioiiii caiice/aiiy. Caoaaaeeii, ui i?iieeiaiiy eaoei?ci?a o iiae no?aeieo neia’yi ?icii/aany ua a ia??iae Ee?anueei? ?on?: o oie /an e?euee?noue eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue aoea iacia/iith, ? noinoaaeeny aiie iaeaea an?o ?aeaia?ao?/ieo noa?: aeeaa ? iaaeeaa i?e?iaea, iaoa??aeueia eoeueoo?a (?aea, iaeya, oaoi? e ainiiaea?nuee? ?a/? oa caiyooy), aeooiaia eoeueoo?a, noni?euei? a?aeiineie, iie?oe/ia no?oeoo?a (iai?.: oiei, ?ica, eioeaa, ei/ue, eiooey, aeaeueaa, eina?, eieyaea, oi?ooia, eaaeao, iaa?no?, eaae, eiii?a, ieaieoa, oaeaioi, oe?ainoai, ou?ainei oa ?i.). Caiice-/ai? neiaa ye i/aaeaei? na?aeee ?aii?o ca’yce?a iaoeo i?aaee?a c ?ioeie ia?iaeaie iathoue iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? iiae, iaoa??aeueii? ? aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e no?aeiineia’yinueeeo aoiin?a. C?noaaeaiiy ??cieo eaeneeia?ao?/ieo oa eaeneeieia?/ieo aa?n?e a ii?aoeth-aaiiy eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue aeyaeei ?ica?aeiino? o o?aeooaaii? ??cieie aeaea?a-eaie /ano ?o ia?aeiaiiy, iai?.: eaenaia aaeaiaio ca aeaieie ?NOI** ?NOI – Neiaiee oe?a?inueei? iiae XVI – ia?oi? iieiaeie XVII no. – Aei. 1-5. – Euea?a, 1994-1998; ?NOss – Oei/aiei ?. ?noi?e/iee neiaiee oe?a?inueeiai yceea. – Oa?e., 1930-1932; N?aci. – Iaoa??aeu aeey Neiaa?y ae?aaia-?onneaai ycuea ii ienueiaiiuiu iaiyoieeaiu. O?oaeu E.E.N?aciaaneaai. – NIa., 1893-1912; NNOI – Neiaiee Noa?ioe?a?inueei? iiae XIV – XV no. // Ca ?aae. E.Aoiaoeueei?. – E., o.1-2, 1977-1978. caiice/aia o XVII no. (1620-1621 ??.), ca ?NOss – 1621 ?., oi/a oeae eaoei?ci a?aeiiee a “Ecai?ieeo Nayoineaaa” 1073 ?.: “Iaaeaeo aea aeuahia cia?aaaeiia eaiueu aaeaiaiou”; ??cio ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei /ano i?iieeiaiiy eaoei?cia aeieoi? iiaea? ?NOI – 1518 ?., ?NOss – 1596 ?. oa NNOI - 2-aa iie. XV no., iaeiae, oea neiai aia?oa o?eno?oueny o “A?aiio? Aeaaeeneaaa, ei?iey Iieueneaai, ei. Nee?eaaeeo…” 1387: “Aeieoi?u Nayoineaau…” (N?aci., 1, 694); eaoei?ci eiaeeeo ca na?ae/aiiyie ?NOI aoa caiice/aiee oe?a?inueeith iiaith ia ii/aoeo XVI no. (1501), aaoi?e NNOI (1, 443) aeacothoue ia XIV no. – 1322 ?., oi/a a?i a?aeiiee ua c 1056–1057 ??. ? aia?oa cao?eniaaiee a “Ino?iie?iaiio yaaiaae??” 1056–1057. Ia iaio neeaaeiei aeey c’ynoaaiiy ? ieoaiiy i?i oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy eaoe-i?ci?a ia oe?a?inueeiiiaiee a?oio. Eiaeai eaoei?ci ia? ?iaeea?aeoaeueio ?noi??th ca-nai?iiy, ine?eueee eaenaie iiaee i?iieeaoe o iiao-?aoeai??io aai aaciina?aeiuei c eaoeinueei? iiae oeyoii oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy eaoeinueeiiiaieo oaeno?a ??cieo aeai??a ? noee?a, aai /a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai ?ioeo iia. Cie?aia, o ??ciee /an oe?a?inueeith iiaith aaciina?aaeiuei c eaoeie i?eeoee eaenaie aa?aa?aoi?u, aa?aiey, aniaeo, a?aoiaiou, annenoaiou, aaia?aoe?y, aeieoi?, aeioeney, ao-oaeou, eioaiou, eie?eaa, eiiaaioeey, eiiiainoaaoe, i?ioani?, a?aiaea, ?an-iaeou, ?aii?a, ?ao?oc?y oa ?i. Aiaeii/an, aaeeeo ?ieue o caaaa/aii? oe?a?inueei? iiae eaoei?ciaie a?ae?a?aee iiae-iina?aaeieee, ia?aaeon?i, iieuenueea iiaa. A ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ? iieuenueei? iia ?o aca?iiae?y a XVI – XVII no. aoea iniaeeai ?ioaineaiith e iaii?eueiith; aiia nooo?ai aieeioea ia ?icaeoie iaio iia. *a?ac iina?aaeieoeoai iieuenueei? iiae oe?a?inueeith aoee caiice/ai? eaoei?cie aaniethoe?a, aaaeeoi?, aaeaa?na?u, aaeieieno?aoeey, aeoean?y, aeaa, aia?oo?a, annenoiaaoe, anaeo?iaaoe, ao?na, aa?eyoeey, aaia?iaaoe, a?aoeoeeiaaoe, aeaoaeou, aecaie-iiaaoe, aecaeooe?y. Caoaaaeeii, ui o i?ioean? iioe?aiiy eaoei?ci?a ia no?aeii-neia’yinueeeo caieyo a?ae?a?aee iii?oio ?ieue e ?io? iiae-iina?aaeieoe?, cie?aia, /anueea (aa?ei, aaeaae?eai), i?iaoeueea (a?oee, aaiaeae, aa?oa, eean), aieeaiaenueea (aaoa?ian), aiae?enueea (aaeueaao), ?oioinueea (aeuea?y, aoea?i, aaeoea?ea, aoeaoa), ?oae?enueea (aa?iaoa, aiaa, aaeaa?a, aanoa), o?aioeocueea (aioeao, aoeaoii, aae, aaca, aaeth?, aooaeue), a?aoeueea (a?ia??y, ani?a, aeneeinoue, a?aoeeio). Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui eaoei?cie, ye? aoee caiice/ai? oe?a?inueeeie ienaiieie iai’yoeaie e. XVI – XVII no., ii-??ciiio ioe?iththoueny a eaeneeia?a-o?/ieo aeaea?aeao, cie?aia, uiaei /ano ? oeyo?a i?iieeiaiiy, aeooaeueiei aeaea?oueny noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueiiai neiaieea, yeee ae a?aeaeaaa /an ? oeyoe i?iieeiaiiy caiice/aieo eaenai a oe?a-?inueeo iiao. O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Oi?iaeuei? oa naiaioe/i? ci?ie eaoeinueeiiiaieo eaene/ieo aeaiaio?a a oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoeao e. XVI – XVII no.” ?icaeyiooi aaeaioaoe?th eaoeinueeiiiaieo caiice/aiue aei no?oeoo?e oe?a?inueei? iiae. I?enoi-noaaiiy eaoei?ci?a aei iniaeeainoae oe?a?inueei? iiae aeyaey?oueny ia an?o no?oeoo?ieo ??aiyo – a?ae oiiaoe/iiai aei naiaioe/iiai. Na?aae oeiiaeo ci?i, yeeo caciathoue eaoei?cie ia oiiaoe/iiio ??ai?, ?: 1) noanoeoooe?y eaoeinueeeo caoe?a caoeaie oe?a?inueei? iiae; 2) aeaaai?iaoe?y i?eaieinieo caoe?a; 3) onoiaiiy cyyiiy. A?eueo?noue aieinieo oa i?eaieinieo caoe?a eaoeinueei? iiae ia aeiaaaea nia-oe?aeueiiai i?enoinoaaiiy aei oiiaoe/ii? nenoaie oe?a?inueei? iiae, ine?eueee i?ae ieie ia aoei a?ae/ooieo a?aei?iiinoae, eeoa ia?aaea/a oiiai [g], [h], [l], [i] caniaaie oe?a?inueei? a?ao?ee iaea ??cia ?ica’ycaiiy e aeeeeeaea aeeneon?? iiai-ciaaoe?a (A.N?iiae/, I.Ai?eianueeee, N.Niaeue-Noioeueeee, N.Oiiao?anueeee), ye? o?e-aathoue aein?. *anoeia ne?a, caiice/aieo c eaoeinueei? iiae, aaeaiooth/enue aei aeoeaioii? nenoaie oe?a?inueei? iiae, ci?ieee noaeee iaaiein ia ?ooiiee; i?ioa ? a?oia eaoei?ci?a, ye? caa?aaee na?e aeaai?oee iaaiein. Iniiaieie ii?oieia?/ieie ci?iaie, yeeo caciaee eaoei?cie ia oe?a?i-nueeiiiaiiio a?oio?, aoee: ci?ia a?aeianaiino? aei ?iaeo, o?ainoi?iaoe?y eaoeinueeeo cae?i/aiue ? noo?en?a oa iaaoooy iiaeo ao?en?a o ca’yceo ?c aoiaeaeaiiyi ?o a ?ioo neiaici?iio ia?aaeeaio. Ia naiaioe/iiio ??ai? ci?ie iathoue aeaiieaiiaee oa?aeoa?: caiice/aiiy, i?enoiniaoth/enue aei ?ioi? eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? nenoaie, caciathoue aieeao oe??? nenoaie, aea ? naia naiaioe/ia nenoaia iiae-?aoeei??ioa ci?ith?oueny i?ae aieeaii oeueiai caiice/aiiy. Ia i?ioean naiaioe/ii? aaeaioaoe?? aaeeeee aieea iaee ci?ie naiaioeee caiice/aiiy o iiaao-iina?aaeieeao. Iniiai? i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny ia naiaioe/iiio ??ai?, caiaeyoueny aei: 1) caa?aaeaiiy naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e caiice/aiiy (iai?.: a?aoooaaoe < arrestare ‘a?aoooaaoe, cao?eiaoe; i?eaeanieoe; i?eieieoe, aaaaeaoe iaae?eniei’); 2) ci?ie naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e caiice/aiiy o iia?-?aoeei??io?, cie?aia, caoaeaiiy naiaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e (iai?.: i?ioean ‘?oo aia?aae, i?inoaaiiy’ < pro-cessus ‘o?i/enoee aeo?ae; ?oo aia?aae, i?inoaaiiy; aiao. ia?inoie, a?ae?inoie, ae-nooi; i?ioean, i?io?eaiiy, o?ae; oni?o, aaea/a, i?ioea?oaiiy; iaoene’); ?icoe?aiiy cia-/aiiy (iai?.: ?eni?aeeoe?a ‘aei?aaa, a?enueeiaa ae?yaeaeaiiy; o?yaeiaee eeno’ < expe-ditio ‘ai?iiee iio?ae, onoaiiaeaiiy, i?eaaaeaiiy a ii?yaeie’). Caoaaaeeii, ui a ienaiieo iai’yoeao aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo i?inoaaeo?oueny ocaiaeaeaiiy naiaioe/-ieo no?oeoo? eaoei?ci?a ? oe?a?inueeeo a?aeiia?aeiee?a, oi?ioaaiiy naiaioe/iiai ia?aeae?cio (aeaoaeo – iaaeie?e, i?iaaoeea – aeiaaaeaiiy, iinanni? – aeaniee, eiio?aeo – aeiaia??, i?ia?an – ?icaeoie). Ioaea, eaoeinuee? caiice/aiiy, i?enoiniaoth/enue aei nenoaie i?eeiath/i? iiae, i?ioiaeeee neeaaeiee ? o?eaaeee oeyo aaeaioaoe??; aeey aeayeeo c ieo oeae i?i-oean o?eaa? aein?. Aiaeii/an ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?iaeueii ia aaeaioiaaieo eaenai ni?e/eiy? ci?ie no?oeoo?e iiae-?aoeei??ioa. O “Aeniiaeao” a?aecia/aii, ui iie?aniaeoiee ?icaeyae i?iaeaie aea? ciiao ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? eaoeinueeiiiaiiai aieeao ia iiao oe?a?inueeo. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c iaoa??aeo iieacaa, ui oeae aieea a?aeaoaaany ia ??cieo o?iiieia?/ieo c??-cao, aea iniaeeai ?ioaineaiei a?i aoa o aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae, ui aoei coiiaea-ii nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie, aeiiii?/ieie, ?ae?a?eieie, eoeueoo?ieie /eiieeaie. I?aee?aneaii, ui aieea eaoeinueei? iiae ia oe?a?inueeo a e. XVI – XVII no. aoa no?oe-oo?ii ??ciiieaiiaei: caiice/oaaeeny ia eeoa ie?ai? eaenaie /e ?o /anoeie, a e niieoee eaenai (no?oeoo?a yeeo aoea ??ciiiai?oiith), o?aaiaioe ?a/aiue, oe?e? ?a-/aiiy, niieoee ?a/aiue. Caa?iooi oaaao ia oa, ui eaoeinueeiiiaiee aieea oaia-oe/ii ia aoa iaiaaeaiee iaei??th /e e?eueeiia ?aeaia?ao?/ieie noa?aie, a a?aeaeaaa on? noa?e aeeooy oiai/aniiai oe?a?ioey. Iane/aiiy iaaii? ?aeaia?ao?/ii? noa?e caiice/aiiyie aoea ??ciith, ye iaiaeiaeiaei ca e?euee?noth aoei i?aaenoaaeaiiy eaoei?ci?a o iai’yoeao ??cieo aeai??a (ae?eia? aeieoiaioe, iiaoe/i? oai?e, e?oiiene), oa ??cieo aaoi??a c ?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie ianoaiiaaie. A?aecia/aii, ui, i?enoini-aoth/enue aei nenoaie iiae-?aoeei??ioa, eaoei?cie caciaaaee aaeaioeaieo ci?i, ye? i?inoaaeothoueny ia an?o no?oeoo?ieo ??aiyo iiae: a?ae aeoeaiooaoe?eiiai e oiiaoe/-iiai aei naiaioe/iiai. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo: 1. Eaoeiiiiai? aeaiaioe a iia? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? na?aaeeie XVII no. // Ca??-iee i?aoeue nooaeaio?a oa ani??aio?a Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Aoiai?oa?i? iaoee. – E., 1995, aei. 2 – N. 122–129. 2. Aei i?iaeaie eaoeiiiiaieo caiice/aiue o iia? oe?a?inueeeo iai`yoie XVII no. // Oe?a?inueea ?noi?e/ia oa ae?aeaeoia eaeneea. Aei. 3. – Euea?a, 1996. – N. 166–173. 3. Caoeia? o?ainoi?iaoe?? eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue a oe?a?inuee?e iia? e?ioey XVI – XVII no. // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. E?oa?aoo-?iciaanoai. Iiaiciaanoai. Oieueeei?enoeea. Aei. 5. – Ee?a, 1997. – N. 35–37. 4. No?oeoo?i? oeie eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue o iia? oe?a?inueeeo iai`yoie e?ioey XVI – XVII no. // Oe?a?inueeee ae?aeaeoieia?/iee ca??iee. Eieaa 3. Iai`yo? Oaoyie Iaca?iai?. – Ee?a, 1997. – N. 240–248. 5. Eaoeinueea iiaa o iiaii-eoeueoo?iiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie XVI – XVII no. // Ia-oeiaee a?niee ?cia?euenueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. Aei. 5. – ?cia?e, 1998. – N. 14–30. 6. Oiiaoe/ia aaeaioaoe?y eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue // Ia?niaeoeae. – Iaeana, 1998, ? 3-4. – N. 5–11. A?eoeaiei N.I. Eaene/iee aieea ye /eiiee aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e iiae-?aoee-i??ioa (ia iaoa??ae? eaoeinueeeo caiice/aiue oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoie e. XVI – XVII no.). – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.15 – caaaeueia iiaiciaanoai. Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Ee?a, 1999. O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii aieea eaoeinueei? iiae ia iiao oe?a?inueeiiiaieo iai’yoie e. XVI – XVII no. Ia oe? caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? neooaoe?? Oe?a?ie cacia/aiiai ia??iaeo iieacaii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy eaoeinueei? iiae o oe?eueieoeoa?, ooaeiaei?e oai?/ino? oa o?yaeoaaii? Oe?a?ie. Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ea-oeinueei? iiae coiiaeei cia/ia caiice/aiiy eaoeiiiiaieo aeaiaio?a a oe?a?i-nueeiiiaieo oaenoao. A?aecia/aii, ui oaiaoe/ii eaoeinueeiiiai? aeaiaioe ioii-eththoue ??ci? ?aeaia?ao?/i? noa?e: iaeiiai?oa – oaiaoe/i? a?oie: “Ethaeeia ye ?noi-oa”, “Aeooa ? ?icoi”, “Ethaeeia ye /eai noni?euenoaa”, “I?aai?caoe?y noni?euenoaa ? nioe?aeuei? ?inoeoooe”, nii?aaee/ii – “Iaaani? o?ea”, ‘”Caiey”, “I?ino??”, “I?e/eia”. No?oeoo?ii caiice/aiiy ?iciiae?eythoue ia eaene/i?, neiainiieo/aiiy, ?a/aiiy, o?aaiaioe oaeno?a; a?ao?/ii – caa?aaeaiiy a?ao?ee i?ea?iaeo, aai ae na?aaeiuei-oe?a?inueea ee?eee/ia a?ao?ea. Oi?iaeueii oa naiaioe/ii cia/ia /anoeia eaoe-i?ci?a aaeaioiaaia oe?a?inueeith iiaith. Caiice/aiiy oe?a?inueeith iiaith eaoei?c-i?a cae?enithaaeiny ye aaciina?aaeiuei (?aoeaioe?y eaoeinueeiiiaieo oaeno?a), oae ? iiina?aaeeiaaii (/a?ac iieuenueeo, /anueeo, i?iaoeueeo, o?aioeocueeo, ?oioinueeo, ?oae?enueeo iiae). O ?iaio? ooi/iaii /an ia?aeiaiiy eaoeinueeeo aeaiaio?a oe?a?i-nueeith iiaith, ii??aiyii c oei, ye aei oeueiai aoei iio?aeoiaaii a iayai?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??. ?icoe?aiiy eaene/iiai oa ii?oaiiiai neeaaeo oe?a?inueei? iiae, iine-eaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ie?aieo oiiai oe?a?inueei? iiae e. XVI – XVII no. cana?ae/o? aaaeeea?noue eaoeinueeiiiaieo aieea?a ye oaeoi?a aeeiai?ee no?oeoo?e iiae-?aoeei??ioa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaoeinueea iiaa, oe?a?inueea iiaa, iiaa-?aoeei??io, iiaa-iina?aaeiee, caiice/aiiy, /an caiice/aiiy, i?aeiiaia aca?iiae?y, aaeaioaoe?y, oaiaoe/ia a?oia eaeneee, ?aeaia?ao?/ia noa?a. A?eoeaiei N.I. Eaene/aneia aeeyiea eae oaeoi? aeeiaieee no?oeoo?u ycuea-?aoeeieaioa (ia iaoa?eaea eaoeineeo caeinoaiaaiee a oe?aeineeo iaiyo-ieeao ienueiaiiinoe e. XVI – XVII aa.). – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.15 – iauaa ycueiciaiea. Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei. Eeaa, 1999. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea eaoeineiai ycuea ia ycue oe?aeineeo ia-iyoieeia ienueiaiiinoe e. XVI – XVII aa. (oaenou i?eaeiaeueiie iiycee e aeaeiaie ienueiaiiinoe, eaoiienae). ?anniio?aiea ycueiaiai iaoa?eaea i?aaeaa?yao iiaeaee?iaaiea ycueiaie neooaoeee ia Oe?aeia a e. XVI – XVII aa. Ioia/aaony, /oi n?aaee ?yaea ycueia, ooie-oeeiie?iaaaoeo a yoio ia?eiae ia Oe?aeia, iaeii ec aaaeiuo iano caieiae oe?a-eineee ycue, eioi?ue oe?iei eniieueciaaeny a ia?aciaaiee, a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii oai?/anoaa e aaeieieno?e?iaaiee. Iaycaoaeueiinoue eco/aiey eaoeineiai ycuea a o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo ?acee/iiai o?iaiy iaoneiaeea oi?ie?iaaiey aeiaieueii oe-?ieiai e?oaa eeoe, a ?aciie noaiaie inaieaoeo yoio ycue. Iineaaeiaa niinia-noaiaaei cia/eoaeueiiio i?iieeiiaaieth eaoeineiycu/iuo yeaiaioia a oe?aei-neiycu/iua oaenou ?acee/iuo aeai?ia. Nieioiia enneaaeiaaiea oaenoia iieacaei, /oi oaiaoe/anee eaoeinei-ycu/iua yeaiaiou ioiinyony e ?acee/iui eaeaia?aoe/aneei noa?ai; iaeaieaa iieii i?aaenoaaeaiu oaiaoe/aneea a?oiiu “*aeiaae eae aeeaia nouanoai”, “Aeooa e oi”, “*aeiaae eae aaeeieoea iauanoaa”, “I?aaiecaoeey iauanoaa e nioeeaeueiua einoeooou”, nii?aaee/anee – “Iaaaniua oaea”, “Caiey”, “I?inoi?”, “I?e/eia”. I?e yoii ia iaaethaeathony nouanoaaiiua ?acee/ey iaaeaeo ?aia?ooa?aie eaoeineeo caeinoaiaaiee a oaenoao ?aciuo aeai?ia. A ieaia no?oeoo?u eaoeineiycu/iua yeaiaiou aeaeyony ia eaenaiu, neiai-ni/aoaiey, i?aaeeiaeaiey, o?aaiaiou oaenoia, /oi iaiyao onoiyaoaany aeaeaiea caeinoaiaaiee eae oieueei (eee i?aeiouanoaaiii) eaene/aneeo aaeeieoe ycuea. Ia?auaao ia naay aieiaiea e a?aoeea eaoeineeo yeaiaioia: yoi iiaeao auoue eeai nio?aiaiea a?aoeee i?eaeiaea, eeai ia?aaea/a n?aaeiaoe?aeineie ee?eeee-/aneie a?aoeeie. Oi?iaeueii e naiaioe/anee cia/eoaeueiay /anoue eaoeieciia aaeaioe?iaaia oe?aeineei ycueii eee aea io?aaeaao ?acee/iua aoi?e/iua o?ainoi?iaoeee. Caeinoaiaaiea oe?aeineei ycueii eaoeieciia inouanoaeyeinue eae iaiin?aae-noaaiii (aneaaenoaea ?aoeaioeey eaoeineiycu/iuo oaenoia), oae e iiin?aaenoaiaaii (/a?ac iieuenueeee, /aoneee, iaiaoeeee, ?oiuineee, eoaeueyineee, o?aioeoceee e ae?. ycuee). A ?aaioa ia?auaii i?enoaeueiia aieiaiea ia a?aiy aoiaeaeaiey a oe?aei-neee ycue eaoeineeo yeaiaioia, iniaia cia/aiea aeey ainnicaeaiey yoaiia aeeia-ieee oe?aeineiai ycuea iiae aeeyieai caeinoaiaaiee eiaao ooi/iaiea aeey ?yaea eaoeieciia a?aiaie ia?auo oeenaoeee a iaiyoieeao ienueiaiiinoe. ?anoe?aiea eaene/aneie e ii?oaiiie no?oeoo?u, oneeaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiie iaa?ocee io-aeaeueiuo oiiai oe?aeineiai ycuea a e. XVI – XVII aa.naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i no-uanoaaiiinoe eaoeineiycu/iiai aeeyiey eae oaeoi?a aeeiaieee no?oeoo?u ycuea-?aoeeieaioa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaoeineee ycue, oe?aeineee ycue, ycue-?aoeeieaio, ycue-iin?aaeiee, caeinoaiaaiea, a?aiy caeinoaiaaiey, iaaeycueiaia acaeii-aeaenoaea, aaeaioaoeey, oaiaoe/aneay a?oiia eaeneee, eaeaia?aoe/aneay noa?a. Gritsenko S.P. The influence of lexical as a factor of dynamics of language-adopter structure (on the material of Latin adoption’s on the Ukrainian heritage at the close of the XVI – XVII-th centuries). Manuscript. The thesis for competition of academic degree of the candidate of philological science according to 10.02.15 – the general linguistic. The Kyiv’s University named after Taras Shevchenko. Kyiv, 1999. In the thesis was investigated the influence of Latin on the language of Ukrainian-speaking heritage at the close of the XVI – XVII-th centuries. Against a background of the general charakteristic of the social-cultural situation in Ukraine of the mentioned period was showed the particular importance of Latin in school, fiction and administration of Ukraine. Wide using of Latin predetermined a considerable adoption of Latin-speaking elements in Ukrainian-speaking texts. It should be noted that thematically Latin-speaking elements envelop different ideographic spheres; fully – thematic groups “A man as a being”, “Soul and mind”, “A man as a member of the sociaty”, “The organization of the sociaty and social institutes”; sporadically – “Heavenly bodies”, “Earth”, “Space”, “Cause”. Accordingly the structure the adoptions divide in lexical ones, wordcombinations, sentences, fragments of texts; graphically – keeping of the original drawing or old Ukrainian Cyrillic drawing. Formally and semantically considerable part of latinisms were adapted in Ukrainian. The adaption of latinisms by Ukrainian were realizing as directly (reception of Latin-speaking texts) as by means (of Polish, Czech, Rumanian, Italian, German, French languages). In the work was precised the time of the adoption of Latin elements by Ukrainian comparatively with that was interpretted in available scientific literature. Broadening of lexical and morphemic structure of Ukrainian, reinforcement of functions of individual Ukrainian phonemes at the close of the XVI – XVII-th centuries show the importance of Latin-speaking influences as a factor of dynamics of Ukrainian structure of the mentioned period. Key words: Latin, Ukrainian, language-adopter, language-intermediary, adoption, adoption time, interlinguistic interaction, adoption, thematic vocabulary group, ideographic sphere.

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