IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

OeAIO?AEUeIEE AIOAI?*IEE NAAe ?i.I.I.A?EOEA

EIOeOI Ea?ena Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 634.0.17:712.4(477.82)

EOEUeOEAIAAIA AeAIAe?IOEI?A AIEEI? OA IA?NIAEOEAE ?? AEEI?ENOAIIss

03.00.05-aioai?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aioai?ee oa i?e?ia?ieia?? Aieeinueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eoci?oeia Na?a?e ?aaiiae/

Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i.I.I.A?eoea,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eae?i?/aiei Ieaenaiae? Aianoan?eiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Niaei Aieiaeeie? Aaa?eeiae/

Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae ?i. I. I. A?eoea, aieiaiee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao
?i.TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a aioai?ee I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. *a?i?aoe?

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 29″ aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E26.215.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
i?e Oeaio?aeueiiio aioai?/iiio naae? ?i. I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith:

252014, Ee?a, aoe.O?i??yc?anueea, ?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oeaio?aeueiiai
aioai?/iiai naaeo ?i.I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie (252014, Ee?a, aoe.
O?i??yc?anueea, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 25 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
Ioce/oe A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aei?iaoaaiiy ? aaaaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o iiaeo
ia?niaeoeaieo aeae?a aea?aaieo ?ineei, ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaiiai aeina?aeo
?io?iaeoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao aio?iiiaaiieo
eaiaeoaoo?a ia? aeiyoeiai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o ae??oaii? aeooaeueieo
i?iaeai nueiaiaeaiiy -iioei?caoe?? aeeoo?aiai na?aaeiaeua ianaeaiiy,
caaaa/aiiy aeaeiai? ??ciiiai?oiino? oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
aeaiae?ioei?e ?aa?iio ? ?acii c oeei — ?? ioi?iie.

Ie?ai? aniaeoe ae??oaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie a oiiaao cao?aeieo iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie aena?oeai? a ?iaioao A.E.Aaeaaooee oa ?i. (1980), ?.A.Ea?iac?ia
(?970), I.A.Eioia (?983), I.A.Eioia, I.I. Eo?aethea (?994), A.A.Eoae?ee
(?992), N.?.Eociaoeiaa, A.A.Iooea?y (?988), I.I.Eo?aethea (?986),
A.A.Eo/a?yaiai (?99?), A.A.Eia?iiaa (?988), A.?.Iaeueieea (?993,?996).
I?ioa oe?e?nia aeine?aeaeaiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aei
iaoiai /ano ia i?iaiaeeeinue.

Ca’ycie c aea?aeaaieie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia
eaoaae?? aioai?ee oa i?e?ia?ieia?? Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee o 1995-1999 ??. ca?aeii c ieaiii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e ?c oaie ”I?e?iaei? ?ano?ne Oe?a?ie “
(iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 2.33.1).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a aiae?c? i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oa no/aniiai
noaio iniiaieo ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?,
anoaiiaeaii? ?? oaeniiii?/iiai neeaaeo, a?ieia?/ieo oa aeaei?aoeaieo
iniaeeainoae ?io?iaeooeaio?a aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ani?oeiaioo,
iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?niaeoea ?o aeei?enoaiiy, caa?aaeaiiy oa
caaaa/aiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

-i?ae?a?aoe ia’?eoe, ?ic?iaeoe i?ia?aio oa iaoiaeeeo ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— i?iaanoe aiae?c oaeniiii?/iiai neeaaeo eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e
Aieei? a ?noi?e/iiio, nenoaiaoe/iiio oa oei?enoe/iiio aniaeoao;

— cae?enieoe aiae?c ia?niaeoeaiino? ?io?iaeoeoe?? aea?aa oa eou?a;

— aeyaeoe a?iaeieia?/i? iniaeeaino? oa i?iaanoe ioe?ieo aeaei?aoeaieo
aeanoeainoae iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a a oiiaao eoeueoo?e ia
Aieei?;

— cae?enieoe anaa?/iee aiae?c aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i, aeyaeaieo ia
oa?eoi??? ?aa?iio;

— aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ieiaeiiioaiiy oa iin?ai? yeino? ian?iiy
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a;

— i?ae?a?aoe iniiaiee oa aeiaeaoeiaee ani?oeiaio aea?aaieo ?ineei aeey
iioe?aiiy a eoeueoo?? ?aa?iio;

— iaa?oiooaaoe ia?niaeoeae aeei?enoaiiy, caa?aaeaiiy oa caaaa/aiiy
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa aea/aii oaeniiii?/iee neeaae
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? oa cae?eniaii ?? nenoaiaoe/iee ?
oei?enoe/iee aiae?c, aea/aii a?iaeiena?/i? oa aeaei?aoeai? iniaeeaino?
iaea?eueo oe?iieo ?io?iaeooeaio?a, oi?iiao ??ciiiai?oi?noue aea?aa oa
eou?a. Aeine?aeaeaii ?noi??th oi?ioaaiiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo ina?aaee?a
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?, ?ice?eoi ?o aioai?/io oa eoeueoo?io
oe?ii?noue. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaiiai ani?oeiaioo aeey caeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa. ?ice?eoi
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?io?iaeoeoe?eii? ?iaioe a ?aa?ii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii ani?oeiaio aea?aa oa eou?a ?c
a?aooaaiiyi i?noeaaeo a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia oa iio?aa caeaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa ?aa?iio. Ii?aoeueiaaii aa??aioe eiiiiceoe?eieo ii?aeiaiue
iaea?eueo oe?iieo aeae?a oa oi?i. Noi?ioeueiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
caa?aaeaiith oa a?aeiiaeaiith ia?e?a. ?ice?eoi iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
ie?aieo ianaaeaeaiue iaeoe?ii?oeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a a yeino? iaoi/iee?a.
Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?iaeo?a ?aeiino?oeoe?? ?nioth/eo oa noai?aii? iiaeo ia?e?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iniia? ?iaioe eaaeaoue ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, io?eiai? aaoi?ii i?ioyaii 1995-1999 ?. An? iaoa??aee
aeine?aeaeaiue c?a?ai? e ii?aoeueiaai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. I?aaa
ni?aaaoi??a ia ii?ooai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia OLII
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Eooeuee, ?995), 2-o
i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Noa?iaeii? ia?ee ? i?iaeaie ?o caa?aaeaiiy»
(Oiaiue, ?996), O c’?cae? Oe?a?inueeiai aioai?/iiai oiaa?enoaa (Iieoaaa,
?997), 1-o i?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e,
o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo i?noeue” (Euea?a, ?977),
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo aeaiae?ieia?? oa ia?eiciaanoaa OeAN IAI Oe?a?ie
(1996-1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o 7 noaooyo, c
yeeo 4- o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, oa o 5-o oacao ? iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 302 noi??ieao ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (275 iaeiaioaaiue) oa aeiaeaoe?a (128 noi??iie). ?iaioa
i?noeoue 25 oaaeeoeue 23 ?enoiee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?icae?e ?. A?OIOIAI-EE?IAOE*I? OIIAE ?AA?IIO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?icaeoie eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e ?aa?iio a cia/i?e i???
aecia/a?oueny a?oioiai-ee?iaoe/aeie oiiaaie. Ee?iao Aieei? iii??iee,
aieiaee, c i’yeith ceiith, iano?eeeie ii?icaie, /anoeie a?aeeeaaie,
iaaea?eei e?oii, caoyaeiith aaniith oa in?iith. Na?aaeiy oaiia?aoo?a
ceie- -5, e?oa- +18,5N. Ia??iae aeoeaii? aaaaoaoe?? ?ineei o?eaa?
150-160 aei?a. ?c iani?eyoeeaeo ee?iaoe/ieo oaeoi??a ia??iaee/ii
niinoa??aa?oueny neeueiee a?oa?, ?aii? in?ii? oa i?ci? aaniyi?
caii?icee, c??aeea — canooe. Ca?aeii c aa?ia?oioiaei ?aeiioaaiiyi
Oe?a?ie, i?ai?/ia /anoeia Aieei? iaeaaeeoue aei cao?aeii? i?ia?ioe??
ciie i?oaieo e?n?a aea?iiai-i?aecieenoeo oa iaea?ieo
a?oio?aOe?a?inueeiai Iie?nny, a i?aaeaiia — aei cao?aeii? i?ia?ioe??
e?ninoaiiai? ciie /i?iicai?a oeiiaeo oa n??eo ii?aecieaieo a?oio?a
(Aiae?ouaiei, 1970).

A?aeiia?aeii aei aaiaioai?/iiai ?aeiioaaiiy Oe?a?ie (Aiae???iei oa ?i.,
?977), ?aa?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeaaeeoue aei No?aeii-?a?iiaenueei?
i?ia?ioe?? ?a?iiaenueei? oe?ieieenoyiie?niai? iaeano? Iie?nueei?
i?aei?ia?ioe??.

?icae?e 2. I?IA?AIA, IA’?EOE, ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue i?ioyaii 1995-1999 ??.; eiai ia’?eoii aoea
eoeueoeaiaaia aeaiae?ioei?a Aieei?. A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia
?iaaioa?ecaoe?y caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue 8 noa?iaeiieo oa 7 no/anieo ia?e?a,
aioai?/iiai naaeo Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aeaiae?a???a
e?nieoeoa -Ai?io?anueeiai, Aoaeinueeiai, Ca???anueeiai, Eooeueeiai,
Oeoiainueeiai, Oaoeueeiai e?niaiai oaoi?eoio oa i?e?iaeie/iai e?oeath
i.Eooeueea; i?i?-aeaiae?a???a Caoo?oe?anueei? oa Iaaeiae/?anueei? oe?e,
NO ?15 i.Eooeueea, eieaeoe?? naeaeoe?eii-ian?ii?aiai oeaio?o anioe?aoe??
«Aieeiuee?n»; aecio?a o e?niaeo eoeueoo?ao ? ia i?enaaeeaieo ae?eyieao
naaeiaiae?a-ethaeoae?a. Aea/aany oaeniiii?/iee neeaae ianaaeaeaiue i?no,
10 n?euenueeeo ianaeaieo ioieo?a (anueiai 69 ia’?eo?a).

?noi?e/i? aeai? i?i noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie naaeiai-ia?eiaiai ienoaoeoaa
ia Aieei? iaea?aeai? c a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a oa e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.
Ie?ai? ieoaiiy ooi/ithaaeenue o e?a?ciaaoe?a ? noa?iaeee?a.
Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoa??aee e?nieoeoa oa ?iniaeoe?? c ioi?iie
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

?iaaioa?ecaoe?y ianaaeaeaiue cae?enithaaeanue i?ae /an ia?o?ooieo
ianoaaeaiue. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeenue: aeae, oi?ia, a?a?eae; e?euee?noue
aecaiiey??a oa ?o i?noeac?inoaiiy; a?e, ae?aiao? noiaao?a, aenioa;
a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?: ??no, oea?o?iiy, ieiaeiiioaiiy; iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy a yeino? iaoi/ieea; aeieia?/ia oa aeaei?aoeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Oaeniiii?/iee neeaae aecia/aany a iieueiaeo oiiaao. I?aaeeuei?noue
aecia/aiiy ooi/ithaaeanue ca ianooiieie aeaeaiiyie: ”Aea?aauey e
eonoa?ieee, eoeueoeae?oaiua a Oe?aeineie NN?”(1,2o.,1985,1986).
“Ii?aaeaeeoaeue aunoeo ?anoaiee Oe?aeiu” (?987). O ?iaio? i?eeiyoi
iiiaieeaoo?o oaenii?a oa ?o nenoaiaoe/ia iieiaeaiiy ca?aeii
N.E.*a?aiaiiaa (?995). Oei?enoe/iee aiae?c cae?eniaii a?aeiia?aeii c
aioai?ei-aaia?ao?/iei iiae?eii na?oo A.E.Oaooaaeaeyia (1978).

A?e ?ineei anoaiiaethaaany ca e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie, a ?ac? ?o
a?aenooiino? — ieii??ii. Aenioa iaaaeeeeo ?ineei aei??thaaeanue ?aeeith,
a aenieeo — aenioii??ii. Ioe?ieo oni?oiino? ?io?iaeoeoe?? aea?aaieo
?ineei a oiiaao eoeueoo?e i?iaaaeaii ca?aeii «Iaoiaea eioaa?aeueiie
/eneiaie ioeaiee aeecianiiniaiinoe e ia?niaeoeaiinoe eio?iaeoeoeee
aea?aaueaa e eonoa?ieeia ia iniiaa aecoaeueiuo iaaethaeaiee” (Eaiei,
Neaeiaaa,1973). Oaiieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca ”Iaoiaeeeie
oaiieiae/aneeo iaaethaeaiee a aioaie/aneeo naaeao NNN?” (?975).

Iniiaith aeaei?aoeaiiai aiae?co ?io?iaeooeaio?a aoee i?eeiyo? caaaeuei?
i?aeoiaee oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e?iaeieo aeaei?aoeaieo aeanoeainoae aea?aaieo
?ineei, ?ic?iaeai? 0.?.Eieanieeiaei (?974). I?e oi?ioaaii?
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai ani?oeiaioo aea?aaieo ?ineei aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?aoe?
I.A.Eioia, I.I .Eo?aethea (?994), N.?.Eoci?oeiaa , TH.0.Eeeiaiei,
A.I.Ie?iiiai? oa ?i. (?994), aeia?aeiee “Ii?aeiiiee ani?oeiaio aea?aa oa
eou?a Oe?a?ie (?998).

?icae?e 3. OA?AEOA?ENOEEA OAENIIII?*IIAI NEEAAeO EOEUeOEAIAAII?
AeAIAe?IOEI?E AIEEI?

3.1. ?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?.

Oi?ioaaiiy ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e ia oa?eoi??? Aieei?
ia? o?eaaeo ?noi??th, ui iiynith?oueny aaia?ao?/iith aeecuee?noth aei
e?a?i Cao?aeii? ?a?iie, iieiaeaiiyi ia ia?ao?ano? o?ainii?oieo oeyo?a ?
eoeueoo?ieo ca’yce?a neia’yinueei? oa cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?,
neeaaeiith ?noi?e/iith aeieath oeueiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie.

A i?e iiaeia aeae?eeoe /ioe?e ia??iaee:

? ia??iae: na?aaeeia OVIII no. – 1939 ?. Ina?aaeee eoeueoeaiaaii?
aeaiae?ioei?e oi?iothoueny iaaeiei iainueeeo ia?oe?a, iaeaoe?a oa caie?a
aaeueiiae. Aeey noai?aiiy ia?e?a cai?iooaaeenue a?aeii? ?a?iiaenuee?
oao?aoe?, cie?aia — Ae?ii?n?e I?eea?. Ia?ee oeueiai ia??iaeo aoaeoaaee
ia?aaaaeii o iaecaaeiiio noee? ia iniia? aai?eaaiii? oei?e. sse
i?aaeei, aiie ii?aeioaaeenue ?c i?e?iaeieie aai ooo/ieie aiaeieiaie,
aaeeeeie naaeaie, a i?e aeayeeo -aoee i?aiaea?a? ? ciieooi/ee.

II ia??iae: 1939-1950??. A?aeaoaa?oueny aeaa?aaeaoe?y ia?e?a, aeeeeeaia
a?enueeiaeie ae?yie, ?oeioaaiiyie, ao?aoith ainiiaea??a, a?aenooi?noth
aeiaeyaeo, iiai?iieie o?oaeiiuaie, noaaeaiiyi aei ia?e?a ye aei
aeaiaio?a ao?aeoaciiai ieioeiai. Ci?ith?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueia
i?ecia/aiiy aoe?e?eeo ia?oe?a: a ieo ?ici?uothoueny e?ea?i?,
n?eue?aaee. Ca oeae iao?eaaeee ia??iae noeo?eii cieuaii aaaaoi aea?aa
oa eou?a, iiai?noth ao?a/aii ani?oeiaio ea?o?a.

III ia??iae: 1950-1990 ??. Niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeianaiiy o noai?aii?
ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e: cae?enith?oueny icaeaiaiiy
ianaeaieo ioieo?a, oe?iei ai?iaaaeaeothoueny ?io?iaeooeaioe o e?niaa oa
caeaia ainiiaea?noai, c?inoathoue ianooaae noeo?eii? ?io?iaeoeoe??. O
i?noao ? aaaaoueio naeeuao noai?ththoueny ia?ee eoeueoo?e oa a?aeii/eieo
ianaeaiiy, aeaiae?a???. Caeeaaeaii (1977 ?.) aioai?/iee naae Eooeueeiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo ( iei? Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo).
Iiceoeaiith ?enith ? ci?ia noaaeaiiy aei aoe?e?eeo noa?iaeiieo ia?e?a:
anoaiiaeth?oueny iaaiee aeiaeyae, ?icii/eia?oueny ?aeiino?oeoe?y, a
ie?ai? iaaoaathoue noaoono iai’yoie naaeiai-ia?eiaiai ienoaoeoaa.

?O ia??iae: 1991-1999 ??. E?ecia? yaeua i?ecaaee aei ciaioaiiy oaaae
aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oa ainiiaea?nueeeo i?aai?a aei caa?aaeaiiy ?nioth/eo
ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e, ??cei nei?ioeeinue caeaia
aoae?aieoeoai, i?eieieeinue noai?aiiy iiaeo ia?e?a oa aeaiae?a???a. O
oie aea /an cia/ii ca?eueoeany iiieo ia ieiaeia? oa aeaei?aoeai?
?ineeie c aieo ianaeaiiy, c?inee ianooaae noeo?eii? ?io?iaeoeoe??, ui
iia’ycaii c icaeaiaiiyi aeanieo i?enaaeeaieo ae?eyiie.

3.2. Oaeniiii?/iee neeaae

A neeaae? eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aeyaeaii 299 aeae?a, 16
a?a?eae?a, 1 ??ciiaeae oa 90 aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i — anueiai 406 oaenii?a.

Iiae?e ?o ca aeeoo?aeie oi?iaie i?aaenoaaeaii a oaaeeoe? 3.1.
?iciiae?e ca eeanaie aenioe ianooiiee: eean aea?aa 1-? aaee/eie aeeth/a?
46, 2-?-40, 3-? — 69 oaenii?a; aei eeano aenieeo eou?a iaeaaeeoue 37,
na?aaei?o -68, iecueeeo-27 aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a. 9 oaenii?a — iieiae?
?ineeie.

Oaaeeoey 3.1.

?iciiae?e eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? ca aeeoo?aeie oi?iaie

AEeoo?a? oi?ieE?euee?noue aeae?a

oa a?a?eae?a% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeae?a oa a?a?eae?aA?/iicaeai?
aea?aaa247,6Eenoiiaaei? aea?aaa13944,2A?/iicaeai?
eou?185,7Iai?aa?/iicaeai? eou?41,3Eenoiiaaei? eou?11135,2A?/iicaeai?
e?aie10,3Eenoiiaaei? e?aie134,1Iai?aeou?51,6 Anueiai:

315100

Aiae?c a?eiai? no?oeoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui aaniethoio a?eueo?noue (80%)
noaiiaeyoue 20-45-??/i? ianaaeaeaiiy, caeeaaeai? a ia??iae ianiaiai
icaeaiaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?io?iaeooeaio?a a eoeueoo?o. Ae?oaa a?oia
(14%) i?aaenoaaeaia iieiaeeie (aei 20 ?ie?a) ?ineeiaie, ia?aaaaeii
aeaiae?a???a, ian?ii?ai-naeaeoe?eiiai oeaio?o, i?enaaeeaieo ae?eyiie.
A?oia a?eiaeo aea?aa caa?aaeanue o noa?iaeiieo ia?eao ? noaiiaeoue
cia/io iaoeiao oa anoaoe/io oe?ii?noue.

Aeey ioe?iee iioe?aiino? ie?aieo i?aaenoaaiee?a o eoeueoo??
aiae?coaaeanue /anoioa ?o cono??/iino?. E?eoa???i aecia/aiiy aoei
ia?aii e?euee?noue i?noeue c?inoaiiy oaeniio. *?oei niinoa??aa?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y: /ei aeua a?aaeaoe?y /anoioe cono??/iino?, oei iaioa
e?euee?noue oaenii?a aei ia? a?aeiineoueny. A?eueoa iieiaeie oaenii?a
(?58) iathoue iaeeie/ia i?noea c?inoaiiy, a caaaeueia /anoea ?ineei ?c
iecueeeie iieacieeaie /anoioe i?noeue c?inoaiiy nyaa? 74,3%.
I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie: niaeo?
eaiaeoaooiooai?thth/eo ?ineei a eoeueoo?? ia Aieei? caeeoa?oueny
aeineoue aocueeei; iioei?caoe?y caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue iia’ycaia c oe?ieei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi /eneaiieo aenieiaeaei?aoeaieo ?ineei, ye? aeiaaee naith
ia?niaeoeai?noue a ie?aieo i?noeyo c?inoaiiy.

3.3. Nenoaiaoe/iee aiae?c

315 aeae?a ? a?a?eae?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? a?aeiineoueny
aei 139 ?iae?a oa 56 ?iaeei. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae Aieiian?iieie ?
Iie?eoiian?iieie ianooiia: a?aeae?e Aieiian?ii? — 6 ?iaeei (10,7%) ,16
?iae?a (11,5%), 40 aeae?a (12,7%); a?aeae?e Iie?eoiian?ii? -50 ?iaeei
(89,3%),123 ?iaee (88,5%), 275 aeae?a (87,3%).Iaeyae /enaeueiino? ?iae?a
? aeae?a ca ?iaeeiaie na?ae/eoue, ui iaeaaaaooeie ? 11 ?iaeei, ye?
aeeth/athoue 203 oaeniie aai 64,4% caaaeueii? ?oiuei? e?eueeino?.
I??i?eoaoia cia/aiiy iaeaaeeoue ?iaeei? ?iciaeo: 80 aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a
(25,4%), ui a?aeiinyoueny aei 30 ?iae?a. Aeaoaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea
i?ia?aeieo ?iaeei i?aaenoaaeaia a oaa. 3.2.

3.4.Oei?enoe/iee aiae?c

Ca?aeii oei?enoe/iiai iiae?eo na?oo A.E.Oaooaaeaeyia (1978),
i?aaenoaaieee eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? i?e?iaeii c?inoathoue
ia oa?eoi??? o?ueio i?aeoea?noa Aiea?eoe/iiai oea?noaa: Ai?aaeueiiai,
Ae?aaiuei-na?aaecaiiiii?nueeiai, Iaae?aainueeiai; ?iaei-Iaeac?enueeiai
i?aeoea?noaa Iaeaio?ii?/iiai oea?noaa, a oaeiae 10 oei?enoe/ieo iaeanoae
oa 43 i?ia?ioe?e. Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie ? i?aaenoaaieee 3 oei?enoe/ieo
iaeanoae: No?aeii-Ac?aonueei? (71 aeae aai 23,8%) , Oee?eoiai?aaeueii?
(48 aeae?a aai 16,1%) oa Aoeaioeei-???ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei? (37 aeae?a
aai 12,4%), ye? ?acii neeaaeathoue a?eueoo /anoeio caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
aeae?a. ?c ?ineei, i?e?iaei? a?aaee yeeo ioiieththoue aeae?eueea
oei?enoe/ieo iaeanoae, ia Aieei? iaea?eueoa (27 aeae?a aai 9%)
aeo?aeoe?a ?c I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee, aea aiie c?inoathoue ia oa?eoi???
Neaeynoeo a??, Aoeaioeei-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei? ? Iaae?aainueei?
iaeanoae oa Eaiaaenueei? i?ia?ioe?? Oee?eoiai?aaeueii? oei?enoe/ii?
iaeano? (oaae. 3.3.)

O no?oeoo?? eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aeyaeaii 64 aai?eaaiieo
oa 230 ?io?iaeoeiaaieo aeae?a aea?aa oa eou?a, aai a?aeiia?aeii 21,4% oa
76,9% ?? aeaeiaiai neeaaeo.

Oaaeeoey 3.2.

I?ia?aei? ?iaeeie oa ?iaee eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?

I?ia?aei? ?iaeeieE-oue aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a% a?ae caaaeue-ii? e-o?E-oue
?iae?aI?ia?aei? ?iaee E-oue aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a% a?ae caaaeue-ii?
e-o?Rosaceae Juss.

Pinaceae Lindl.

Aceraceae Juss.

Oleaceae Hoffmgg. & Link

Salicaceae Mirb.

Cupressaceae Rich. ex Bartl.

Fabaceae Lindl.

Caprifoliaceae Juss.

Fagaceae Dumort.

Hydrangeaceae Dumort.

Juglandaceae A.Rich. ex Kunth

Anueiai: 1180

22

15

15

14

13

12

10

8

7

7

20325,4

7,0

4,8

4,8

4,4

4,1

3,8

3,2

2,5

2,2

2,2

64,430

5

1

5

2

6

9

4

3

3

2

70Cotoneaster Medik.

Crataegus L.

Spiraea L.

Malus Hill

Pinus L.

Acer L.

Syringa L.

Populus L.

Salix L.

Juniperus L.

Lonicera L.

Quercus L.

Juglans L.

1310

9

7

6

11

15

6

7

7

7

6

6

6

1033,2

2,9

2,2

1,9

3,5

4,8

1,9

2,2

2,2

2,2

1,9

1,9

1,9

32,7

Oaaeeoey 3.3

Oei?enoe/iee ?iciiae?e eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?

?Oei?enoe/ia iaeanoueE?euee?noue

aeae?a% a?ae caaaeueii?

e-o?
aeae?a1.Oee?eoiai?aaeueia4816,12.No?aeii-Ac?aonueea7123,83.Aoeaioeei-I?a
i?/ii-Aia?eeainueea3712,44.Neaeynoeo
a??41,35.??aii-Oo?ainueea103,36.Iaae?aainueea10,37.A?aaee ioiieththoue
e?eueea

oei?enoe/ieo iaeanoae12341,1?acii:29498,38.Iioiaeaeaiiy
iaa?aeiia51,7Anueiai:299100

?icae?e 4. A?IAEIEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? EOEUeOEAIAAII?

AeAIAe?IOEI?E AIEEI?

4.1 Ioe?iea ia?niaeoeaiino? ?io?iaeoeoe?? aea?aaieo ?ineei

O neeaae? eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aeae?eaii 5 a?oi
?io?iaeooeaio?a ca nooiaiai ?o ia?niaeoeaiino? aeey ?io?iaeoeoe?? a
aeaieo oiiaao c?inoaiiy.

? a?oia — oe?eeii ia?niaeoeai? ?ineeie. Ia?aoiao? 194 aeaee oa a?a?eaee,
aai 78,9% caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?io?iaeooeaio?a. C ieo 104- aea?aaa, 80-
eou?, 10-e?aie. A eoeueoo?? aiie caa??aathoue aeanoeao ?i oi?io ?inoo,
aieiae?thoue aenieith iaaiiiooai?thth/ith caeaoi?noth, aeathoue
iiaiioe?iia ian?iiy, ui aeicaiey? io?eiaoe iinaaeeiaee iaoa??ae
i?noeaai? ?ai?iaeoeoe??. Aaniethoii ceiino?eeeie ? 187 aeae?a oa
a?a?eae?a, a o 7-e a aeno?aiaeueii oieiaei? ceie iaia?cathoue e?ioe?
iaeii??/ieo iaaii?a. Oea -Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Cerasus
tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall., Cotoneaster horizontalis Decne,Cydonia
oblonga Hill., Louiseania triloba (Lindl.) Pachom., Rhus aromatica
Ait.,Weigela praecox (Lemoine)Bailey. Ia?niaeoeai?noue ?ineei ia?oi?
a?oie i/aaeaeia, ? aiie ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
eoeueoo?o.

II a?oia — aeinoaoiuei ia?niaeoeai? ?ineeie. Aeeth/a? 40 ?ineei, aai
16,3% an?o ?io?iaeooeaio?a. C ieo: aea?aa- 13, eou?a- 27 aeae?a oa
a?a?eae?a. A oe?e a?oi? aaaaoi aeo?aeoe?a ?c i?aaeaiieo oe?io, oiio
iieacieee ?o ceiino?eeino? oae?: aaniethoii ceiino?eeeo ?ineei- 7,
iioeiaeaeothoueny ii?icaie- 33. An? i?aaenoaaieee a?oie caa??aathoue
oa?aeoa?io oi?io ?inoo, aieiae?thoue aenieith iaaiiiooai?thth/ith
caeaoi?noth, aeathoue ui??/iee i?e??no. 25 aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a
ieiaeiiinyoue, ui aeicaiey? io?eiaoe a ia?niaeoea? iniaeie, a?eueo
i?enoiniaai? aei i?noeaaeo oiia. 7 aaniethoii ceiino?eeeo ?ineei ia
ieiaeiiinyoue aiane?aeie a?a?eaeiino? /e aeaiaeiiiino?. Iacaaaeath/e ia
ieae/? iieacieee aeeooacaeaoiino?, i?aaenoaaieee oe??? a?oie ca
a?aeiia?aeieo oiia eoeueoeaoaaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
icaeaiaii?.

III a?oia — iaio ia?niaeoeai? ?ineeie. Aeeth/a? 10 aeae?a, aai 3,2%
an?o ?io?iaeooeaio?a. C ieo – 3 — aea?aaa, 6 — eou?, 1 — e?aia.
Ceiino?eea eeoa Yucca filamentosa L. , ?aooa — iino?eii
iioeiaeaeothoueny ii?icaie. Oea?oooue 9 ?ineei, a ieiaeiiinyoue eeoa 3.
I?aaenoaaieee oe??? a?oie iathoue iecuee? iieacieee aeeooacaeaoiino? a
iaoeo oiiaao c?inoaiiy ? iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy.

?O a?oia — iaei ia?niaeoeai? ?ineeie. Aeeth/a? Acer carpinifolium
Sieb.et Zucc., yeee oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaiiaiei caea?aa’yi?iiyi iaaii?a,
nenoaiaoe/ii i?aeia?ca?, ia oea?oa. Iacaaaeath/e ia aenie? aeaei?aoeai?
yeino?, aeae ia iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee aeey icaeaiaiiy.

O a?oia — iaia?niaeoeai? ?ineeie. Aeeth/a? Hydrangea macrophylla
(Thunb.) DC. Aac oe?eooy aeia?ca? iacaiia /anoeia. Caaaeyee aenie?e
iaaiiiooai?thth/?e caeaoiino? a?aeiiaeth? oa?aeoa?iee i?e?iaeiee aaa?oon
e?iie. Ia ieiaeiiineoue.

4.2.A?iaeieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?io?iaeooeaio?a

Ai?iaeiaae o?eaaei? ?io?iaeoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia Aieei? aaaaeaii a
eoeueoo?o 230 aeae?a aecio?a. Iaie ocaaaeueiaii aeina?ae eoeueoeaoaaiiy
50 iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a; na?aae ieo oaieieo — 19, eenoyieo -3?
aeae. Noiniaii eiaeiiai c ieo c?a?aii aeai? i?i iioe?aiiy, iieacieee
?inoo, ?icaeoeo oa no?eeino? a i?noeaaeo oiiaao.

4.3.Iniaeeaino? ieiaeiiioaiiy ? ye?noue ian?iiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo
?io?iaeooeaio?a

Aea/aiiy 246 aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a iieacaei, ui a oiiaao Aieei?
ieiaeiiineoue 208, oea?oooue 20, ia oea?oooue 18 oaenii?a.
A?aenooi?noue ieiaeiiioaiiy aeeeeeaia e?eueeiia i?e/eiaie. Oea?oooue,
aea ia ieiaeiiinyoue aiane?aeie naiinoa?eeueiino? a?a?eaei? ?ineeie
Weigela hybrida Jaeg, Forsythia intermedia Zab., Syringa chiiensis
Willd., Spiraea arguta Zab. Ia ooai?ththoue ian?iiy aeaiaeiii? ?ineeie,
ui i?aaenoaaeai? a eoeueoo?? iniaeiaie iaei??? noao?: Ginkgo biloba L.,
Juniperus sargentii (A.Ianry) Takeda ex Koidz.

Iieacaii ca’ycie ieiaeiiioaiiy oa ceiino?eeino? e aaia?ao?/iiai
iioiaeaeaiiy ?ineei. A oiiaao Aieei? iaee?aua i?aeaeathoueny
?io?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeie c ?aeii?a-aiaeia?a. Ia ieiaeiiinyoue, aai ia
oea?oooue a?eueo oa?iio?euei? ?ineeie. Iaeieae/? ?ai?iaeoeoeai?
iiaeeeaino? o aeo?aeoe?a c Oeaio?aeueiiai oa I?aaeaiiiai Eeoath.
Aeyaeaii ia??iaee/i?noue ieiaeiiioaiiy ?yaeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a, yea ?
iio?aeiith ?aaeoe??th ia eieeaaiiy ee?iaoe/ieo oiia, i?eoaiaiieo oeueiio
?aa?iio. Noiniaii aeeoo?aeo oi?i, ia?aaoey?ia ieiaeiiioaiiy aeanoeaa
ia?aaaaeii aea?aaai. Iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ieiaeiiioaiiy oa ye?noue
ian?iiy e?euee?nia iaiaaeaiiy ?io?iaeooeaio?a iaeiiai aeaeo a eoeueoo??.

Iaie aea/aii iin?ai? yeino? ian?iiy 15 iaea?eueo oe?iieo
?io?iaeooeaio?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iane 1000 ian?iei cana?ae/eei ??
noaa?euei?noue aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo. Iaea?aeaii aeineoue aenie? (53-97%)
iieacieee eaai?aoi?ii? noiaeino? oa aeia?iye?niino? ian?iiy, ye? o
a?eueoino? oaenii?a ia?aaeuothoue 80%. ?aaeueio iiaaae?ieo ian?iiy a
i?e?iaeieo oiiaao a?aeia?aaea? eiai ??oioiaa noiae?noue, iieacieee yei?
a na?aaeiueiio ia 20% ieae/?, aea ana ae aeineoue aenie?: o 10 aeae?a
aiie ia?aaeuothoue 50%. Oea ia?aeiieeai na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i?
iiaeeeaino? i?noeaai? ian?ii?ai? aace oeeo ?ineei.

4.4 Oi?iiaa ??ciiiai?oi?noue eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?

Aeaei?aoeai? oi?ie cia/ii ?icoe?ththoue eiiiiceoe?ei? iiaeeeaino?
icaeaiaiiy. A naaeiaiia?eia?e eoeueoo?? ia Aieei? c?inoa? 90
aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i, aai 22,1% caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aea?aa oa eou?a.
Aiie aeyaeai? o 44 aeae?a. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue oi?i a?aei?/aia o oo?
cao?aeii? (15), eeaia aino?ieenoiai (4), ynaia cae/aeiiai (4),
eeia?eniaeea ai?ioiieiaeiiai, yeeie eieth/i? oa cae/aeii?, ye?aoeth
eicaoeueeiai (ii 3).Aiae?c iioe?aiino? aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i aeyaea, ui /ei
aeuee iieaciee ?o cono??/iino?, oei iaioa e?euee?noue oi?i aei iueiai
iaeaaeeoue. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i cia/i? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae. Iaea?eueo
iioe?aieie ? Thuja occidentalis ’Columna ’, Acer pseudoplatanus
’Purpureum’,Fraxinus excelsior ’ Pendula’, Sorbus aucuparia ’Pendula’.

Cia/ia /anoeia aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i ia? cieaeaio aeeoo?caeaoi?noue: ?c
90 oi?i iecueea ceiino?ee?noue a?aei?/aia o 15, a a?aeoeeaiiy
aaia?aoeaiiai ?icaeoeo (ia oea?oooue, ia ieiaeiiinyoue) — o 45. A
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy a eoeueoo?? ?aa?iio aeyaeai? oae? oe?ii?
aeaei?aoeai? oi?ie: Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Allumi’, Taxus baccata
‘Fastigiata’, Pseudotsuga menziesii ’Fastigiata’,Crataegus monogyna
‘Roseo-plena’, Louiseania triloba ‘Plena’,Malus baccata ‘Pendula’,
Quercus petraea ’Mespilifolia’, Q.robur ’Horizontalis’,Q.robur
’Pendula’,Tilia platyphyllos ‘Laciniata’ oa ?io?.

?icae?e 5. IA?EE ssE Oe?II? INA?AAeEE EOEUeOEAIAAII?

AeAIAe?IOEI?E

Ia oa?eoi??? Aieei? ? ??ci? aeaee ia?eiaeo ianaaeaeaiue: noa?iaeii?
naaeeai? ia?ee, ia?ee eoeueoo?e oa a?aeii/eieo ianaeaiiy, aeaiae?iia?ee,
e?niia?ee. Cia/io iaoeiao oa eoeueoo?io oe?ii?noue noaiiaeyoue aeyaeai?
a?eia? aea?aaa, cie?aia: Larix decidua Mill., Pinus sibirica Du Tour,
Aesculus hippocastanum L., Fagus sylvatica L., Platanus acerifolia
Willd., Tilia americana L. oa ?ioi. O ?icae?e? aeaoaeueii aena?oeaii
?noi??th noai?aiiy oa eiiiiceoe?eio iiaoaeiao, cae?eniaii aiae?c
oaeniiii?/iiai neeaaeo ianaaeaeaiue iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia?e?a Aieei? oa
iae?aneaii ia?oi/a?aia? caoiaee ?oiuei? ioi?iie.

?icae?e 6. AEEI?ENOAIIss, CAA?AAEAIIss OA CAAAA*AIIss EOEUeOEAIAAII?
AeAIAe?IOEI?E AIEEI?

6.1. Aeaei?aoeai? yeino? ?io?iaeooeaio?a

A?aooaaiiy aeaei?aoeaieo yeinoae ?io?iaeooeaio?a aeicaiey? nooo?ai
caaaaoeoe anoaoe/iee aeaeyae caeaieo ianaaeaeaiue. I?e ?oiueiio aiae?c?
o 176 aecio?a Aieei? caa?oaeanue oaaaa ia aeaei?aoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
e?iie, ei?e noiaao?a, oea?o?iiy oa ieiaeiiioaiiy. Noiniaii e?iie,
iae/ano?oa cono??/athoueny ?iceiaa, i??ai?aeaeueia, iaaeueia oa
yeoeaaeaeia, cia/ii ??aeoa neaiea, eoeynoa ? iniaeeai ??aeei — ieaeo/a.

Aiae?c oea?o?iiy iieacaa, ui eeoa o 68 oaenii?a oey iciaea ia
noaiiaeoue aeaei?aoeaii? oe?iiino?. O eaeaiaea?? oea?o?iiy iaeneioi
i?eiaaea? ia ia?o? aea? aeaeaaee o?aaiy; cia/ii iaioa aaniyii-e?oi?o oa
e?oiuei-ea?oo/eo aeae?a. A?aeii i?aaenoaaeai? ?aiiueiea?oo/? oa
i?ciueiea?oo/? ?ineeie. O eieuei?iaiio niaeo?? ai?iaeiaae onueiai
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo aeii?io? a?eee. ?io? eieuei?e ca ciaioaiiyi
e?eueeino? aeae?a, yeei aiie aeanoea?, ?icoaoiaai? a oae?e
iine?aeiaiino?: aeiaoee-?iaeaaee-/a?aiiee-o?ieaoiaee-aoceiaee.

O 49 ?io?iaeooeaio?a anoaoe/io oe?ii?noue noaiiaeyoue ieiaee, ye?
iineeththoue ?o aeaei?aoeai?noue o e?oiuei-in?ii?e ia??iae. Eieuei?iaee
niaeo? ieiae?a a?aei?iiee a?ae ea?o?a ? eieuei?e a iueiio ?ici?uai? a
?io?e iine?aeiaiino?: /a?aiiee-/i?iee-nei?e-a?eee-?iaeaaee. Ca
a?aenooiino? eenoy i?iyaeythoueny aeaei?aoeai? yeino? ei?e, ye? iaee?aua
ae?aaeai? o 23 ?ineei. Ia?aaaaeathoue na?oei-n??? ? caeaioaaoi-n???,
cia/ii ??aeoa — /a?aii? a?aeo?iee. Ieyienoa oa n??aeynoi-n??a ei?a
aeanoeaa a?aeiia?aeii 2 ? 1 oaeniio. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaei?aoeaieo
yeinoae aecio?a aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oeyoe iiaeaeueoi? ?io?iaeoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? noiniaii iio?aa caeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, ni?yiiaaii? ia
aeyaeaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ineei ?c caaeaieie aeaei?aoeaieie yeinoyie.

6.2. Aeei?enoaiiy eoeueoeaiaaieo aea?aaieo ?ineei o caeaiiio
aoae?aieoeoa?

Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aeicaieeei
noi?ioaaoe ani?oeiaio ?ineei, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aeey icaeaiaiiy. A?i
iae?/o? 158 oaenii?a a iniiaiiio ? 50 — a aeiaeaoeiaiio neeaae?. I?e
eiai oi?ioaaii? a?aoiaoaaeenue ianooii? e?eoa???: no?ee?noue aei
i?noeaaeo i?e?iaeieo oiia oa aei aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao;
aeiaaia?/i?noue; i?iya o eoeueoo?? aeaei?aoeaieo yeinoae;
a?aeiia?aei?noue nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iei aeiiaai; iayai?noue iaoi/ieea.
Noi?iiaaiee ia ?oi?e iniia? ani?oeiaio iaeneiaeueii aaeaioiaaiee aei
oiia ?aa?iio ? a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio noaio ?io?iaeoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? ia Aieei?.

Aiane?aeie aiae?co no/aniiai noaio caeaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa Aieei?
aecia/aii ia?niaeoeae eiai iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy; cai?iiiiiaaii
aa??aioe i?aeai?o ?ineei, ui caaacia/othoue iioeiaeuei? oiiae ?oiueiai
c?inoaiiy ? iaeneiaeueio aeaiiino?aoe?th aeaei?aoeaieo yeinoae ye
ie?aieo ?ineei, oae ? ?oi?o aa?iii?eieo ii?aeiaiue.

6.C. Ia?niaeoeae caaaa/aiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e
Aieei?

Ananoi?iii? aea/aiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? aeicaieeei
aeyaeoe ia?niaeoeae ?? caaaa/aiiy. Aeoiaey/e ?c i?e?iaeieo oiia ?aa?iio
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiooe iiaeo aeae?a ?io?iaeooeaio?a aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
eoeueoo?o iaiao?aeii cina?aaeeoe ia ?aeiiao-aiaeiaao, ia?o ca ana oaeeo
ye Aoeaioe/iee ?aa?ii I?ai?/ii? Aia?eee, I?ai?/ia ssiii?y oa Ei?ay,
I?ai?/ii-No?aeiee Eeoae. Iiaeaeueoa ?io?iaeoeoe?eia ae?yeuei?noue ia?
aooe oe?eani?yiiaaiith, caaacia/oth/e iiiiaiaiiy oeo eaiie iayaiiai
oiiaeo eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e, ye? a aeaiee /an i?aaenoaaeai?
iaea?aei?oa.

Ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii caaaa/aiiy aeaeiai? ??ciiiai?oiino?
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? ? oaeiae a?eueo iiaia aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeeeainoae aai?eaaiii? oei?e. O ?? neeaae? ? cia/ia e?euee?noue
oe?iieo aea?aa oa /aaa?iee?a, eio?? ua ia io?eiaee iaeaaeii? ioe?iee oa
aeei?enoaiiy o eoeueoo?ieo ianaaeaeaiiyo. A oiiaao Aieei? oea Euonymus
nana Bieb., Hedera helix L., Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull, Sarothamnus
scoparius (L.) Koch, Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz, Rhododendron luteum
Sweet, Daphne cneorum L., Vinca minor L.

Ii?yae c iiooeii iiaeo aeae?a oa oi?i ia iaioa cia/aiiy ia? oe?iea
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o oeo aeae?a, ye? aaea aeiaaee naith no?ee?noue
? aeyaeee aeaei?aoeai? iciaee aai ainiiaea?nueei oe?ii? aeanoeaino? a
oiiaao Aieei? i?e iaiaaeaiiio /e iaa?oue iiiaeeiieiio, aea ii??aiyii
o?eaaeiio c?inoaii?. Oeth ?iaioo ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe c i???ioaoe??th ia
iio?aae icaeaiaiiy oa e?niaiai ainiiaea?noaa. ?aca?ae oeueiai iai?yieo
caaaa/aiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e ?aa?iio aaee/aci?, ine?eueee ?c
caaaeii aaeeei? /anoee ?io?iaeooeaio?a o oaeniiii?/iiio neeaae? eiai
aeaiae?ioei?e cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a ianaaeaeaiiyo iaaoee o?eueee 15
aeae?a.

Caaaa/aiiy aeaiae?ioei?e ?aa?iio ia?ic?eaii iia’ycaia c ?? ioi?iiith,
cae?enithaaiith o ianeai?e oa aeoeai?e oi?iao. Ianeaia iieyaa? a ioi?ii?
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e oa ie?aieo
oe?iieo ia’?eo?a o nenoai? Aea?aeaaiiai i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo.
?? caaaeaiiy — ia aeiionoeoe cieuaiiy oeeo ia’?eo?a, uia ia ao?aoeoe
iiaeeea?noue ?oiueiai iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oa oe?ieiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
a eoeueoo?o. Aeoeaia ioi?iia oei?e caniaaie ?io?iaeoeoe?? iieyaa? o
oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaii? a icaeaiaiiy ??aee?nieo aeae?a ?ineei. Oea
aeicaiey? nooo?ai iiiiaieoe oiiae aenieiaeaei?aoeaiiai iaoa??aeo aeey
ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e oa caiia?aoe cieeiaiith
aaaaoueio aeae?a /a?aiiieieaeieo ?ineei. A oiiaao Aieei? ieie iiaeooue
aooe Larix polonica Racib., Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco,Taxus
baccata L., Betula obscura A.Kotula, B.humilis Schrank, Daphne cneorum
L., Juglans ailantifolia Carr.

AENIIAEE

1.A ?acoeueoao? ?iaaioa?ecaoe?? ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?oa
anoaiiaeaii oaeniiii?/iee, nenoaiaoe/iee oa oei?enoe/iee neeaae
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?. Aiia i?aaenoaaeaia 406 oaeniiaie, a
o./. 315 aeaeaie oa a?a?eaeaie, 1 ??ciiaeaeii, 90 aeaei?aoeaieie
oi?iaie. Aiie a?aeiinyoueny aei 139 ?iae?a oa 56 ?iaeei. Iaea?eueo iiaii
i?aaenoaaeai? ?iaeeie ?icia?, niniia?, eeaiia?, ianeeiia?; ?iaee — eeai,
ninia, eeceeueiee, ae?ae.

2. I?aaenoaaieee eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? i?e?iaeii
c?inoathoue ia oa?eoi??? 10 iaeanoae oa 43 oei?enoe/ieo i?ia?ioe??.
Iaea?eueoa a eoeueoo?? ?aa?iio aeo?aeoe?a ?c No?aeii-Ac?aonueei?,
Oee?eoiai?aaeueii? oa Aoeaioeei-I?ai?/ii-Aia?eeainueei? oei?enoe/ieo
iaeanoae. Aiie neeaaeathoue a?aeiia?aeii 23,8%, 16,1%, 12,4% a?ae
caaaeueii? e?eueeino? aeae?a. *anoea ?io?iaeooeaio?a noaiiaeoue 76,9%
an?o aeae?a.

3.Ioe?iea ia?niaeoeaiino? aea?aaieo ?ineei i?e ?io?iaeoeoe?? aeicaieeea
aeae?eeoe 5 a?oi ia?niaeoeaiino?. Aei oe?eeii ia?niaeoeaieo
a?aeiinyoueny 78,9% caaaeueii? e?eueeino? ?io?iaeooeaio?a; aei a?oie
aeinoaoiuei ia?niaeoeaieo — 16,3%; aei a?oie iaio ia?niaeoeaieo ?ineei
— 3,2%; a?oie iaeiia?niaeoeaieo ? iaia?niaeoeaieo ?ineei aeeth/athoue ii
iaeiiio aeaeo.

4. O 44 aeae?a aeyaeaii 90 aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i, ui noaiiaeoue 22,1%
caaaeueiiai neeaaeo eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?. Iaea?eueoith
oi?iiaith ??ciiiai?oi?noth a?aecia/athoueny ooy cao?aeia, eeai
aino?ieenoee, ynai cae/aeiee, eeia?eniaee ai?ioiieiaeiee, yeiaaoeue
eicaoeueeee, yeeie eieth/a ? cae/aeia. Aeayeei oi?iai i?eoaiaiia
cieaeaia aeeoo?caeaoi?noue, yea aeyaey?oueny o iaio?e ceiino?eeino? ?
a?aeoeeaiiyo aaia?aoeaiiai ?icaeoeo. O iioe?aii? aeaei?aoeaieo oi?i ?
cia/i? iaaeei?enoai? ?aca?ae.

5. A oiiaao Aieei? c 246 aeae?a oa a?a?eae?a ieiaeiiinyoue 208,
oea?oooue 20, ia oea?oooue 18 ?ineei ?ii?aeiiiiai oa a?a?eaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy. ?aa?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? cia/i? iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino? aeanii? ian?ii?ai? aace ?io?iaeooeaio?a. E?euee?nia
iaiaaeaiiy ?io?iaeooeaio?a iaeiiai aeaeo a ianaaeaeaiiyo iaaaoeaii
aieeaa? ia ieiaeiiioaiiy oa ye?noue ?oiueiai ian?iiy .

6. O eoeueoo?? ?aa?iio aeyaeaii i?noeac?inoaiiy aaaaoueio oe?iieo
aea?aaieo ?io?iaeooeaio?a, a oiio /ene?: Larix polonica Racib.,
Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco, Fagus sylvatica L., Platanus
acerifolia Willd., Sophora japonica L., Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu
et Cheng., Castanea sativa Mill. oa ?i. Aiie caneoaiaothoue
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ioi?iie ye aeo?aeiee aaiioiiae aeey iiaeaeueoi?
?io?iaeoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino?.

7. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iaeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ? aeaei?aoeaieo
yeinoae i?aaenoaaiee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei? oa aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae cai?iiiiiaaii ani?oeiaio ?ineei, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiee
aeey icaeaiaiiy. A?i iae?/o? 158 oaenii?a a iniiaiiio ? 50 a
aeiaeaoeiaiio neeaae?.

8. ??ci? aeaee ia?eiaeo ianaaeaeaiue Aieei? noaiiaeyoue cia/io
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?io ? iaoeiao oe?ii?noue. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue
?io?iaeooeaio?a cina?aaeaeaia a aeaiae?iia?eao, aeaiae?a??yo,
e?niia?eao, aioai?/iiio naaeo, ca?aeee ii/aeinue ?oi? oe?iea
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a eoeueoo?o. Noa?iaeii? naaeeai? ia?ee aeicaieythoue
ioe?ieoe ?acoeueoaoe o?eaaei? ?io?iaeoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a ?aa?ii?, a
ieo cina?aaeaeaia ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ?ineei i?noeaaiai oa
?ii?aeiiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy.

9. Ia?niaeoeae caaaa/aiiy ? ioi?iie eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?
iieyaathoue o:

— oe?eani?yiiaaiiio iiooeo iiaeo aeae?a ?io?iaeooeaio?a o
?aeiiao-aiaeiaao aeey iiiiaiaiiy oeo aeaei?aoeaieo i?o a iayaiiio oiiae?
eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? iaea?aei?oa;

— iioe?aii? a eoeueoo?? oe?iieo aeae?a oa oi?i aai?eaaiii?
aeaiae?ioei?e: Juniperus communis L. ’ Suecica’, Euonymus nana Bieb.,
Hedera helix L., Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull, Crataegus monogyna Jacq. ’
Roseo-plena’, Quercus robur L. ’Pendula’, Rhododendroi luteum Sweet,
Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Koch, Sorbus torminalis (L.) Crantz, Vinca
minor L.;

— oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaii? a ianaaeaeaiiy aeae?a ? oi?i, ye? aeiaaee
naith no?ee?noue, aeyaeee aeaei?aoeai? iciaee /e ainiiaea?nueeioe?ii?
yeino? a oiiaao Aieei? i?e iaiaaeaiiio /e iaa?oue iiiaeeiieiio, aea
aeinoaoiuei o?eaaeiio c?inoaii?;

— iiiiaiaii? Aea?aeaaiiai i?e?iaeii-caiia?aeiiai oiiaeo iaeano? oeyoii
iaaeaiiy Ieeoeueeiio ia?eo noaoono iai’yoee naaeiai-ia?eiaiai
ienoaoeoaa, a aeaiae?a??th Ai?io?anueeiai e?nieoeoaa — iai’yoee i?e?iaee
i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy;

— oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaii? a eoeueoo?o ??aee?nieo aeae?a ?ineei: Larix
polonica Racib., Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco, Taxus baccata L.,
Betula obscura A.Kotula, B.humilis Schrank, Daphne cneorum L., Juglans
ailantifolia Carr.

?c oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o:

?.Eioeoi E.0. Eiiiiceoe?eia iiaoaeiaa oa aeaeiaee neeaae ia?eiaeo
ianaaeaeaiue Aieei? // Iaoe.a?niee AAeO.-1997.-??.-N .35-37.

2.Eioeoi E.I. Oaiei? ?ineeie a ianaaeaeaiiyo Eooeueea // Iaoe.a?niee
AAeO.-1998.-?4.-N.77-79.

3.Eioeoi E.I. Ioe?iea ieiaeiiioaiiy ?io?iaeooeaio?a ia Aieei? // Iaoe.
a?niee *a?i?aaoeueeiai oi-oo.-1999.-Aei.39.-N.54-59.

4.Eioeoi E.I., Ieeei/oe A.O. Ia?niaeoeai?noue ?io?iaeoeoe?? aea?aaieo
?ineei ia Aieei? // Iaoe.cai. Oa?iii?euenueeiai oi-oo.-1999.-Na?.:
A?ieia?y.-? 2(5).-N.12-15.

5.Eioeoi E.A. I noa?eiiuo ia?eao Aieuie // Noa?iaeii? ia?ee ? i?iaeaie
?o caa?aaeaiiy: Oac.aeii. 2-ai i?aei. neiiic?oio.-Oiaiue, 1996.-N.90.

6.Eioeoi A.A., Eioeoi E.I. A?/iicaeai? ianaaeaeaiiy i.Eooeueea ye ia’?eo
i?e?iaeiciaa/eo aeneo?n?e // Iaaeaaia?/iee
iiooe.-1997.-Aei.2(14).-N.66-70.

7.Eioeoi E.I. Iieiae?? ia?e ae?aaiueiai Eooeueea // I?nueea
ainiiaea?noai Oe?a?ie.-1997.-?1.-N.34-36.

8.Eioeoi E.I. Aeaeiaee neeaae ? eiiiiceoe?eia iiaoaeiaa aeaiae?iia?eo
“Aae?ae” //Iieiae?aeiee iaoe. a?niee AAeO.-1997.-Na?.: A?ieia?/i?
iaoee.-?2.-N. 20-25.

9.Eoae?ee A.A., Eioeoi E.I. Aeaeiaee neeaae oa no?oeoo?a caeaieo
ianaaeaeaiue i.Eooeueea // I?iaeaie aioai?ee ? i?eieia?? ia ii?ic?
o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy: Iaoa?. O c’?caeo Oe?.aio.
oiaa?enoaa.-1997.-N.35-36.

10.Eioeoi E.I. Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?aeiino?oeoe?? “Naaeeae Eeieinueeiai”
// I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e, o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy
ianaeaieo i?noeue: Iaoa?. Ia?o. i?aei.nai?ia?o.- Euea?a,1997.-N.36-39.

11.Eioeoi E.I. Aeaei?aoeai? oi?ie oaieieo a ianaaeaeaiiyo Aieei? //
I?iaeaie eaiaeoaooii? a?o?oaeoo?e, o?aiaeieia?? oa icaeaiaiiy ianaeaieo
i?noeue: Iaoa?. Ia?o. i?aei. nai?ia?o.- Euea?a, 1998.-N.98-100.

12.Eioeoi E.I. Oaeniiii?/iee neeaae eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?
// ?io?iaeoeoe?y ? aee?iaoecaoe?y ?ineei ia Aieeii-Iiae?ee?: Iaoa?.
anaoe?. iaoe. eiioa?aioe??. — Oa?iii?eue, 1999. — N.71-73

Eioeoi E.I. Eoeueoeaiaaia aeaiae?ioei?a Aieei? oa ia?niaeoeae ??
aeei?enoaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.05 — aioai?ea. Oeaio?aeueiee aioai?/iee naae
?i. I.I.A?eoea IAI Oe?a?ie. -Ee?a, 1999.

A ?iaio? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy oa
no/aniiai noaio iniiaieo ina?aaee?a eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e Aieei?.
Aia?oa aeyaeaii oaeniiii?/iee neeaae eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e
?aa?iio, cae?eniaii ?? nenoaiaoe/iee ? oei?enoe/iee aiae?c, iieacaii
oi?iiao ??ciiiai?oi?noue aea?aa ? eou?a, aea/aii a?iaeieia?/i? oa
aeaei?aoeai? iniaeeaino? iaea?eueo oe?iieo ?io?iaeooeaio?a.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ani?oeiaio aea?aaieo ?ineei oa iaa?oioiaaii eiai
aeei?enoaiiy o caeaiiio aoae?aieoeoa?. Aea/aiiy iin?aieo yeinoae ian?iiy
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?io?iaeooeaio?a ia?aeiieeai cana?ae/eei i?i cia/i?
iiaeeeaino? i?noeaai? ian?ii?ai? aace oeeo ?ineei.

A ?iaio? iieacaii cia/aiiy ??cieo aeae?a ia?eiaeo ianaaeaeaiue ye
iai»yoie naaeiai-ia?eiaiai ienoaoeoaa oa ina?aaee?a ?io?iaeoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?. Ananoi?iii? aea/aiiy eoeueoeaiaaii? aeaiae?ioei?e ?aa?iio
aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee ?? aeei?enoaiiy, caaaa/aiiy oa
ioi?iie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eoeueoeaiaaia aeaiae?ioei?a, ?io?iaeooeaio,
oaeniiii?/iee neeaae, ?iciiiaeaiiy, aeaei?aoeaia oi?ia, ia?e,
ani?oeiaio.

Eioeoi E.A. Eoeueoeae?iaaiiay aeaiae?ioei?a Aieuie e ia?niaeoeau a?
eniieueciaaiey.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.05. — aioaieea. Oeaio?aeueiee aioaie/aneee naae
ei. I.I.A?eoei IAI Oe?aeiu. — Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou aiaeeca i?ioeanna oi?ie?iaaiey e
nia?aiaiiiai ninoiyiey iniiaiuo i/aaia eoeueoeae?iaaiiie aeaiae?ioei?u
Aieuie. Aia?aua auyaeai oaeniiiie/aneee ninoaa eoeueoeae?iaaiiie
aeaiae?ioei?u ?aaeiia, inouanoaeai a? nenoaiaoe/aneee e oei?enoe/aneee
aiaeec, iieacaii oi?iiaia ?aciiia?acea aea?aaueaa e eonoa?ieeia. Eco/aiu
aeiyeieiae/aneea e aeaei?aoeaiua iniaaiiinoe iaeaieaa oeaiiuo
eio?iaeooeaioia. Auyaeaiu aaeiaua aea?aauey, ioia/aia eo iao/iay e
eoeueoo?iay oeaiiinoue.

Aiaeec ii/aaiii-eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee ?aaeiia enneaaeiaaiey auyaee eo
oa?aeoa?iua iniaaiiinoe. Ioia/aiu oaeoi?u, ieacuaathuea io?eoeaoaeueiia
aeeyiea ia ?acaeoea ?anoaiee.

Eoeueoeae?iaaiiay aeaiae?ioei?a ?aaeiia i?aaenoaaeaia 406 oaeniiaie, a
o. / 315 aeaeaie e aea?eaeaie, iaeiie ?aciiaeaeiinoueth, 90
aeaei?aoeaiuie oi?iaie. Iie ioiinyony e 139 ?iaeai e 56 naiaenoaai.

I?aaenoaaeoaee eoeueoeae?oaiie aeaiae?ioei?u Aieuie anoanoaaiii
i?iec?anoatho ia oa??eoi?ee 10 iaeanoae e 43 oei?enoe/aneeo i?iaeioeee.
I?aiaeaaeatho i?aaenoaaeoaee Ainoi/ii-Aceaoneie, Oee?eoiai?aaeueiie e
Aoeaioeei-Naaa?i-Aia?eeaineie oei?enoe/aneeo iaeanoae. Eio?iaeooeaiou
ninoaaeytho 76,9% anao aeaeia. Cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai oei?enoe/aneeo
iaeanoae e oe?ieay eo aaia?aoey naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i n?aaieoaeueii
aunieeo eio?iaeoeoeeiiiuo aiciiaeiinoyo ?aaeiia enneaaeiaaiey.

Eco/aiea aeiyeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae eoeueoeae?oaiie aeaiae?ioei?u
Aieuie iicaieeei auaeaeeoue 5 a?oii ia?niaeoeaiinoe ae?aaaniuo ?anoaiee
i?e eio?iaeoeoeee a aeaiiii ?aaeiia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ii iaeaaeaao
cia/eoaeueiuie iioaioeeaeueiuie aiciiaeiinoyie nianoaaiiie naiaiiie
aacu. Aeey eoeueoeae?iaaiiie aeaiae?ioei?u Aieuie oa?aeoa?ii
cia/eoaeueiia oi?iiaia ?aciiia?acea ?anoaiee. A oi aea a?aiy niaeo?
aeaei?aoeaiuo oi?i, oa?aeoa?ecothueony oe?ieei ?ani?ino?aiaieai,
inoa?ony aeiaieueii oceei (18 oi?i). Ia iniiaaiee enneaaeiaaiey
aeiyeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae aeaei?aoeaiuo naienoa i?aaenoaaeoaeae
eoeueoeae?oaiie aeaiae?ioei?u Aieuie e aiaeeca eeoa?aoo?iuo enoi/ieeia
i?aaeeiaeai iioeiaeueiue anni?oeiaio ?anoaiee aeey icaeaiaiey ?aaeiia.
Iieacaiu niiniau eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo a?oii ?anoaiee ec
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiiai anni?oeiaioa a cae?iii no?ieoaeuenoaa, i?eaaaeaiu
i?eia?u iiaeai?a aea?aaueaa e eonoa?ieeia aeey nicaeaiey eaiaeoaooiuo
eiiiiceoeee.

A ?aaioa ?ane?uoi cia/aiea ?acee/iuo aeaeia ia?eiauo ianaaeaeaiee eae
iaiyoieeia naaeiai-ia?eiaiai eneonnoaa e i/aaia eio?iaeoeoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Ananoi?iiiaa eco/aiea eoeueoeae?oaiie aeai?ioei?u
?aaeiia iicaieeei ii?aaeaeeoue iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey a? eniieueciaaiey,
iaiaauaiey e io?aiu.

I?eeiaeaiea aeenna?oaoeee aeeth/aao oaeniiiie/aneee ninoaa
eoeueoeae?iaaiiie aeaiae?ioei?u Aieuie, ?ani?aaeaeaiea a? ii
i?ienoiaeaeaieth e aeeciaiiui oi?iai, ?acoeueoaou ioeaiee
ia?niaeoeaiinoe eio?iaeoeoeee ae?aaaniuo ?anoaiee a ?aaeiia,
oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeaei?aoeaiuo naienoa eio?iaeooeaioia,?aeiiaiaeiaaiue
anni?oeiaio ?anoaiee aeey cae?iiai no?ieoaeuenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoeueoeae?iaaiiay aeaiae?ioei?a, eio?iaeooeaio,
oaeniiiie/aneee ninoaa, ?aciiiaeaiea, aeaei?aoeaiay oi?ia, ia?e,
anni?oeiaio.

Kotsun L.O. Cultivated dendroflora of Volyn and perspectives of its
usage. – Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted for candidate degree in biological sciences.
Speciality 03.00.05 – botany. Central botanical garden after M.M.
Grishco, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 1999.

The results of the analysis of the formation process and present state
of the main centres of cultivated dendroflora of Volyn are presented in
this paper. For the first time the taxonomical composition of the
cultivated dendroflora of the region is revealed, the systematic and
flora analysis is realized, the form variety of trees and bushes is
displayed, bioecological and decorative peculiarities of the most
precious introducers are disposed.The assortment of thee plants and the
usage of it in green construction is grounded are suggested. The
research of sowing properties of seeds of the most important introducers
convincingly proves the considerable possibilities of the local
seeding bases of these plants.

The significance of various kinds of park vegetation as monuments of
garden-park arts and the centres of introduction activities is shown.
Detailed learning of cultivated dendroflora of the region gave
possibility to determine the main ways of their usage, enrichment and
protection.

Key words: cultivated dendroflora, introducer, taxonomical consistency,
reproduction, decorative form, park, assortment.

Похожие записи