IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

AeIIAOeUeEEE O?CEEI-OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO

?i. I.I. AAEE?IA

NOAOAIIAE* Eaii?ae ?ee?/

OAeE 536.425:539.213

621.763.53:669.15

EI?AEssOe?EIEE AIAE?C AeEIAI?EE ?ICIAAeO OA AII?ssAeEOAAIIss
OAA?AeIO?EUeIEO NENOAI, UI ? AeAEAEEIE A?Ae OA?IIAeEIAI?*II? ??AIIAAAE

01.04.07 — o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee — 2000

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaoeueeiio o?ceei-oaoi?/iiio ?inoeooo?

?i. I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oaeueaeiai Aaeoa?ae
Iao?iae/ — caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

Aeiiaoeueeiai
o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo

?i. I.I. Aaee?ia IAI
Oe?a?ie (i.Aeiiaoeuee)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

?aaiia Ieoaeei Ieaen?eiae/ — caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?inoeoooo

iaoaeio?ceee ?i. A.A. Eo?aethiiaa IAI Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a)

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

O?e?iia Ieaenaiae? Aeuea?iiae/ — i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Aeiiaoeueeiai o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie
(i.Aeiiaoeuee)

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oeeianueeee Aaea??e Ieaenaiae?iae/ — i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee.
IIOe “Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” (i.Oa?e?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: O?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo iecueeeo
oaiia?aoo? ?i. A.?. A??e?ia IAI

Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a, a?aeae?e eaaioiai? oa iae?i?eii? aeeiai?ee iae?i-

neii?/ieo nenoai

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 “ o?aaiy 2000?. i _1400_
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 11.184.01 i?e
AeiiOO? ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie (83114, Aeiiaoeuee 114, aoe.
?.Ethenaiao?a, 72)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? AeiiOO? ?i.

I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie (83114, Aeiiaoee 114, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a, 72)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “20“ ea?oiy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii?

?aaee Ae 11.184.01, aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe
A.I. E?eai?o/ei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iiio aiae?co caeiiii??iin-oae
?aeaenaoe?eieo yaeu o oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoaiao, ui ?
aeaeaeeie a?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. I?iaeaia aea/aiiy iaaii?yaeeiaaieo oaa?aeeo
?ic/ei?a, a naia, ?o ?aeaenaoe?eii? iiaaae?iee i?ae /an ia?aoiaeo aei
iiaii? oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae, iin?aea? aaaeeeaa i?noea na?aae
oe?ieiai eiea ieoaiue, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny o no/ani?e o?ceoe?
oaa?aeiai o?ea. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeinyaiaiiy a oe?e aaeoc? o?ceee, o?oaeiiu? uiaei aaeaeaaoiiai iieno
?aaeueieo ia??aiiaaaeieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a, ui io?eiai? caaaeyee
iaaeoaeaeeiio ioieiaeaeaiith c ?icieaa?a, ua inoaoi/ii ia iiaeieai?. Oea
iaoiiaeaii, ia?o ca ana, iaaecae/aeiith neeaaei?noth ia’?eoo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O oie aea /an noai?aiiy iiaeo eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a c iaia?aae
caaeaieie aeanoeainoyie oa oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ui iio??ai? aeey ?iaioe a
aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao, /anoi aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? naia
ia??aiiaaaeieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a ? oea aeiaea? aea/aiith inoaii?o
iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue.

I?aeaeuai? aeiiae, ui i?aae’yaeythoueny aei aeanoeainoae iiaeo
iaoa??ae?a, a ye iane?aeie aei ia??aiiaaaeieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a,
iia’ycai?, cie?aia, ?c niaoeeo?eith ?o aeceneo. O ca’yceo c oeei
iniaeeai? aaaeeeaino? iaaoaathoue aeaa aniaeoe o aea/aii? iiae?aieo
eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai: oea no?ee?noue ?o aei ??ciiiai?oieo ciai?oi?o
aieea?a ? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c i?ioeanaie ?o noa??iiy ia i?ioyc? iaaiiai
/ano, oiaoi ?aeaenaoe?eiith iiaaae?ieith o caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia
i?eaiooaaiiy.

A inoaii? ?iee ana a?eueoo caoe?eaaeai?noue aeeeeeathoue i?iaeaie, ui
iia’ycai? c ae??th ciai?oi?o aieea?a ia e?iaoeeo anoaiiaeaiiy aeaeaeiai
ii?yaeeo a nieaaao, ui aii?yaeeiaothoueny, ine?eueee oea ?icai?oa?
ia?niaeoeae uiaei ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ea?oaaiiy
no?oeoo?ith oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai. I/aaeaeii, ui
aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iaoiae?a aieeao ia ia??aiiaaaeio nenoaio ua a
i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ?? aeiiaiii? aai iie?e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e
ia?aaeaa/a? c’ynoaaiiy iniiaieo o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia
?icaeyioo? aeua i?ioeane. C oe??? oi/ee ci?o aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a yaeu,
ui a?aeaoaathoueny, oaeiae ? aaaeeeaei ? aeooaeueiei.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aoei ?icii/aoi o
1982 ?ioe? o a?aeae?e? oai?aoe/ii? iioeee, a iio?i i?iaeiaaeaii o
a?aeae?e? aeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae iaoae?a Aeiiaoeueeiai
o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??
iaoe Oe?a?ie ye neeaaeiao /anoeio aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ooai?aiiy aii?oieo iaoaeaaeo nieaa?a oa
aeyaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?o o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?” ia
1985-1988 ??. (?01840083436). Iaaeae? ?iaioo aoei i?iaeiaaeaii o ?aieao
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae,
oi?ioaaiiy oa aaiethoe?? aoiiiii?e?ineii?/ii? oa e?oiiiianooaaii?
no?oeoo?e aii?oieo ? i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a ia iaoaeaai? iniia?”
ia 1989 – 1992 ??. (? 019000118113). *anoeio ?iaioe aoei aeeiiaii o
neeaae? ?icooeiai? aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “O?ce/i? canaaee oaoiieia??
io?eiaiiy neeueiiia??aiiaaaeieo iaoaeaaeo iaoa??ae?a, ?o ?aeaenaoe?ei?
oa iiaeeiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee”, ui aeeiioaaeany c 1.01.93 ?. aei
30.06.94 ?. (?0193V039768). O ia??iae c 1994 aei 1997 ?ieo ?iaioo iaae
aeena?oaoe??th aoei i?iaeiaaeaii a ?aieao aeaio aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai:
ia?oa — “?aeaenaoe?ei? oa ?iciaaei? yaeua a iaoaeiieneaeao, iaoaeaaeo,
aii?oieo oa i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??aeao” (?0194V021975), a ae?oaa —
“Naiii?aai?caoe?y aeaoaeoii? no?oeoo?e o oaa?aeeo o?eao i?ae /an
aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?ae oeneii” (?0194V021918). E??i oiai, /anoeio
aeine?aeaeaiue aoei i?iaaaeaii o ?aieao aeeiiaiiy eiieo?nieo i?iaeo?a
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue iaoee ? oaoiieia?e (?2.3/85)
“Ei?aeyoe?eia oai??y yaeu ?iciaaeo a iaoaeaaeo noaeeao oa oaa?aeeo
?ic/eiao” (1994-1996 ??.) oa Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee ? oaoiieia?e
(?2.4.220) “E?iaoeea oa iaoai?cie ?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o iaoaeaaiio
nee? iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e neeiiiae?aiiai ia?aoiaeo” (1997-1998 ??.). ?,
ia?aoo?, caaa?oaiiy ?iaioe cae?enith?oueny o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “?aeaenaoe?y, no?oeoo?i? oa oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy
o neeueiiia??aiiaaaeieo oaa?aeio?eueieo aa?aaaoao” (? 0197V008904), ui
?icii/aoi o 1997 ?ioe? oa yea aeeiio?oueny ii oaia??oi?e /an.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith cai?iiiiiaaii? aeena?oaoe?? ?
iine?aeiaiee oa aaeaeaaoiee iien aeeiai?ee yaeu ?iciaaeo oa
aii?yaeeoaaiiy o neeueiiia??aiiaaaeieo oaa?aeio?eueieo nenoaiao, ui
aaco?oueny ia noaoenoe/iiio i?aeoiae?, a oaeiae ciaoiaeaeaiiy oaeeo
o?ce/ii aaaeeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, ?aeaenaoe?th yeeo iiaeii aoei a
ii??aiyoe c ?nioth/eie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith o ?iaio? iaoith ae??ooaaeenue oae?
iniiai? caaea/?.

?ic?iaea noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee ae aeicaieya iienoaaoe ye
e?iaoeeo eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy, oae ? e?iaoeeo aii?yaeeoaaiiy
neeueii-ia??aiiaaaeieo iaaii?yaeeiaaieo eiiaeainiaaieo oaa?aeio?eueieo
nenoai.

Canoinoaaiiy aeuacaaaeaiiai noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia iniia? a?ia?ii? iiaeae? aeeooc?eii? noaae?? aaiethoe??
e?oiiiianooaaii? eiioeaio?aoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio aai neea.

Aiae?c aieeao ii/aoeiaeo “caii?iaeaieo” oeoeooaoe?e neeaaeo ia oa?aeoa?
ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo noaeie (aai oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a) ye o aeiaaeeo,
eiee na?aaei?e neeaae, n0, ? aeecueeei aei iaei??? ?c ni?iiaeaeueieo
eiioeaio?aoe?e, oae ? aeey aeia?eueiiai na?aaeiueiai neeaaeo.

?ic?iaea iaoiaeo, eio?ee ae aeicaieya aiae?oe/ii iienoaaoe an? noaae??
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy oaa?aeio?eueieo ia??aiiaaaeieo nenoai.

Aea/aiiy aieeao caaa?oiaaiiai iaii?yaeeo ia e?iaoeeo oi?ioaaiiy oa
c?inoaiiy aioeoacieo aeiiai?a i?ae /an oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a ae?oaiai ?iaeo
oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aieeao ii/aoeiaeo oiia ia e?iaoeeo
aii?yaeeoaaiiy, aeiiai?caoe?? oa ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy i?ae /an oaciaeo
ia?aoiae?a ia?oiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie.

Aea/aiiy aieeao ciai?oiueiai iiey ia e?iaoeeo oi?ioaaiiy oa c?inoaiiy
180-a?aaeonieo aeiiai?a o naaiaoiaeaeo?eeao.

Aiae?c aieeao a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo ia e?iaoeeo oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a
ae?oaiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie o nieaaao, ui
aii?yaeeiaothoueny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Iaoeiaa iiaecia i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o
iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo oai?aoe/ieo iaoiae?a o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea, ye?
aeicaieythoue iienoaaoe ye e?iaoeeo eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy, oae
? e?iaoeeo aii?yaeeoaaiiy oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai, ui ?
aeaeaeeie a?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee
oaiiiaiieia?/iee i?aeo?ae, ui aaco?oueny ia ?aea? i?i o?ainoi?iaoe?th
ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo ia ??cieo aoaiao eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy,
eio?ee aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa?i? /ane ia a?iiaeaeuei?e noaae??
?iciaaeo, a oaeiae iienaoe aaiethoe?th no?oeoo?e ia an?o noaae?yo
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy. Aeieeaaeii i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea
ii/aoeiaiai caaa?oiaaiiai iaii?yaeeo, ciai?oiueiai iiey oa anaa?/iiai
oeneo ia e?iaoeeo aii?yaeeoaaiiy, aeiiai?caoe?? oa ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy i?e
oaciaeo ia?aoiaeao ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie.

Na?aae iiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeia aecia/eoe
oae?:

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii noaoenoe/iee i?aeo?ae, ui
aeicaiey?, i?e iaai?e eiai iiaeeo?eaoe??, iienoaaoe e?iaoeeo ye
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy (?iciaaeo), oae ? aii?yaeeoaaiiy
ia??aiiaaaeieo, iaaii?yaeeiaaieo oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai.

O aeiaaeeo ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo noaeie (aai oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a)
aia?oa oai?aoe/ii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy i?ii?aeii? no?oeoo?e
?iciaaeo c ianooaaii, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiiiai c e?i?eii?
oai??? Aeae.Eaia.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ia??aiiaaaeia nenoaia iiaea caciaaaoe
ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo iaa?oue o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee ?? na?aaei?e
neeaae ?icoaoiaaii a iaeano?, aea ? no?eeei iaeii??aeiee noai.
Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith uiaei ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano ? iayai?noue ae?eyiie c
eieaeueiith eiioeaio?aoe??th ana?aaeei? ni?iiaeae?, ye? “caoyaothoue”
nenoaio i?ae ni?iiaeaeue.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo ?
aeieeiaiiy aneiao??? eieaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae na?aaeiueiai neeaaeo.
Iayai?noue iiae?aii? aneiao??? o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano eeoa iineeth?
oaiaeaioe?th aei ?iciaaeo.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui a nieaaao, ye? aii?yaeeiaothoueny, ia?ao?ae aei
iaeiiaeiiaiiiai noaio a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaaaeii /a?ac oi?ioaaiiy
aeiaaiaeeao/iai iie?aeiiaiiiai noaio.

Oeyoii /enaeueiiai aiae?co aia?oa i?iaeaiiino?iaaii, ui ca iaaieo
niaoe?aeueieo ii/aoeiaeo oiia i?ioean oii?yaeeoaaiiy iiaea
noi?iaiaeaeo-aaoeny aeieeiaiiyi i?ii?aeieo (a??ooaeueieo) iie?aeiiaiieo
no?oeoo?.

Noeoii?noue ia?a?aoiaaieo aeua ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a neeaaeathoue
iniiao iiaiai ??oaiiy aaaeeeai? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie – ei?aeyoe?eii? oai???
yaeu ?iciaaeo oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy o oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo
nenoa-iao, ui ? aeaeaeeie a?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
cae?eniaii o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, io?eiaii ?yae ?acoeueoao?a, ui
iathoue aaciina?aaei? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. ?o iiaeia aeei?enoaoe,
iai?eeeaae, aeey ea?oaaiiy aaoa?ioaciith no?oeoo?ith ye e?enoae?/ieo
iaoa??ae?a (iaiie?enoae?/i? no?oeoo?e, nieaae, ui aii?yaeeiaothoueny aai
caciathoue aeenia?n?eia oaa?aeiaiiy), oae ? iae?enoae?/ieo oaa?aeeo o?e
(iaoaeaa? noaeea, ieneaei? noaeea oiui).

?yae ?acoeueoao?a, ui io?eiai? a ?iaio? i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy eiieo?nieo
i?iaeo?a oa ainiaeiaiai?ieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo oai
aeei?enoiao?oueny o a?aeae?e? o?ce/iiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa oa o a?aeae?e?
oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a a?ae?ii?anoaaiiy AeiiOO? ?i.
I.I.Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie. *anoeio ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iiaeia canoinoaaoe aeey ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a oe?eani?yiiaaiiai io?eiaiiy
aii?oieo oa i?e?ie?enoae?/ieo iaoa??ae?a o ?yae?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeeo onoaiia Oe?a?ie, oaeeo, iai?eeeaae, ye
?inoeooo iaoaeio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa
IAI Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeoi?aa?n?oao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ocaaaeueiaii
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aoee aeeiiai? ye aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii,
oae ? ni?eueii ?c ni?a?ia?oieeaie a?aeae?eo aeaeo?iiieo aeanoeainoae
iaoae?a Aeiiaoeueeiai o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo IAI Oe?a?ie:
A.I.Oaeueaeiaiii, A.?.Oea/ii, A.?.E?iaiianueeei, N.A.?anieiaei, a oaeiae
?c ni?a?ia?oieeaie a?aeae?eo o?ce/iiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa
O.?.Eiinoaio?iiaith oa A.A.I??i?nea?ii, a?aeae?eo oai?aoe/ii? iioeee —
E.I.Iaaiaea?ii oa TH.Ae.Caai?ioi?aei.

O i?aoeyo, ui iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? oa aeeiiai? ni?eueii c eieaaaie
oai?aoeeaie, o/anoue caeiaoaa/a o oi?ioethaaii? iaoe oa caaea/
aeine?aeaeaiue, ieaioaaii? oa o iinoaiiaoe? ?iaioe aoea aecia/aeueiith.
Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a cae?eniaii caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi.

Nai?ie oai?aoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie caeiaoaa/ caoe?eaaea ?yae
aenia?eiaioaoi??a, ye iane?aeie c’yaeeeny ?iaioe [9,10,13,22], ui
aeeiiai? ni?eueii. A oeacaieo i?aoeyo caeiaoaa/aa? iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea
oai?aoe/ieo iiaeaeae; aiae?c oa oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a i?iaiaeeeeny
ni?eueii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia:

X — XI Ananithcieo eiioa?aioe?yo c “Eiaa?aioii? oa iae?i?eii? iioeee”
(Ee?a, 1980 ?.; ??aaai, 1982 ?.);

Ananithci?e ia?aae? c iieaeoey?ii? ethi?ianoeaioe?? oa ?? aeei?enoaiiyi
(Oa?e?a, 1982 ?.);

VIII I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c e?i?eii? oa iae?i?eii? niaeo?ineii??
eiia?iaoe?eiiai ?icn?yiiy na?oea (Ai?aei, O?aioe?y, 1982 ?.);

XII ?a?iiaenueeiio e?enoaeia?ao?/iiio eiia?an? (Iineaa, 1989 ?.);

VI I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c eieuei?iai? iaoaeo?a?? (Aaeaoiiae?aa,
Oai?ueia, 1989 ?.);

VII I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c oaeaeeicaaa?oiaaieo iaoa??ae?a RQ-7
(Noieaieuei, Oaaoe?y, 1990 ?.);

V Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aii?oi? oa i?aoeec?ei? nieaae. Oaoiieia?y,
aeanoeaino?, aeei?enoaiiy” (?inoia Aaeeeee, ?in?y, 1991 ?.);

III-V I?aeaea?aeaaieo nai?ia?ao “No?oeoo?ii-ii?oieia?/i? iniiae
iiaeeo?eaoe?? iaoa??ae?a iaoiaeaie iao?aaeeoe?eieo oaoiieia?e” (Iai?ine,
?in?y, 1995 ?., 1997 ?., 1999 ?.);

I-II I?aeia?iaeieo nai?ia?ao c ia??aiiaaaeieo yaeu o ia?aioieiaeaeaieo
??aeeiao, noaeeao oa aii?oieo iaoa??aeao (I?ca, ?oae?y, 1996 ?., 1998
?.);

I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?ce/i? yaeua o oaa?aeeo o?eao” (iai’yo?
aeaae. ?.I. E?ooeoey) (Oa?e?a, 1997 ?.);

III I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c ?aeaenaoe?? o neeaaeieo nenoaiao (A?ai,
?niai?y, 1997 ?.);

Iaii??aeueiiio neiiic?oi? aeaae. A.I. A??aei?aa “Iaoaee oa nieaae:
oacia? ia?aoai?aiiy, no?oeoo?a, aeanoeaino?” (Ee?a, 1998 ?.);

OO I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “?aeaenaoe?ei? yaeua o oaa?aeeo o?eao”.
(Ai?iiaae, ?in?y: 1999 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeiiai? o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, a?aeia?aaeai? o 40 i?aoeyo, o oiio /ene? a 20
noaooyo o i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao Oe?a?ie, eieeoiueiai N?N? oa
caei?aeiiieo, iaeiiio aaoi?nueeiio na?aeioeoa? ia aeiao?ae, aeaio
ca??eao i?aoeue i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, 15 ca??eao oac eiioa?aioe?e
oa aeaio i?ai??ioao.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
o?noueio iniiaieo ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 316 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo ?
i?noeoue o nia? 33 iaethiee. Ia?ae?e e?oa?aoo?e, ui oeeoo?oueny,
neeaaea?oueny c 439 iaeiaioaaiue a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.
Ianya iniiaiiai oaenoo (ca aeiyoeii e?oa?aoo?e) neeaaea? 273 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aei aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii noeneo oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe.
Cie?aia, iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aea?aiiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
ei?ioei ?icaeyiooi noai i?iaeai, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, aecia/aii iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a, iiaeaii ia?ae?e
eiioa?aioe?e, ia yeeo aeiiia?aeaeeny ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? a ?aieao a?ia?ii? iiaeae? aeine?aeaeaii aeeooc?eio
noaae?th aaiethoe?? e?oiiiianooaaii? no?oeoo?e neea (ni?iiaeaeueiee
?iciaae). C oe??th iaoith cai?iiiiiaaii oa ?aae?ciaaii ?aeath
noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei iieno e?iaoeee eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai
?icoa?oaaiiy (?iciaaeo). Nooue oe??? ?aea? iieyaa? o ciaoiaeaeaii?
iniiaieo o?ce/ii aaaeeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano oaeeo, iai?eeeaae, ye
ei?aeyoe?ei? ooieoe?? ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai ii?yaee?a aeey
eiioeaio?aoe?? o aeaio ??cieo oi/eao. O?ce/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oaeiai
noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? o oiio, ui i?ae /an oaeaeeiai
caaa?ooaaiiy ?icieaao c ??aeeiai noaio a iueiio iaiaei?iii oi?io?oueny
aeiaaeeiaee i?inoi?iai-iaiaeii??aeiee ?iciiae?e eiioeaio?aoe?? (aai
aonoeie). I?e oeueiio i?inoi?iaee ianooaa a?aeiia?aeieo
iaiaeii??aeiinoae ? aaeeeei o ii??aiyii? c oa?aeoa?ieie aoiiieie
ianooaaaie.

Ie c’ynoaaee, ye aoaea ?icaeaaoeny aaiethoe?y oeeo iaiaeii??aeiinoae o
caeaaeiino? a?ae ii/aoeiaiai noaio nenoaie (na?aaeiueiai neeaaeo,
aiie?ooaee iaiaeii??aeiinoae neeaaeo oiui). Nii/aoeo aoei aeieeaaeii
i?iaiae?ciaaii neooaoe?th, eiee na?aaei?e neeaae neea ? aeecueeei aei
iaei??? ?c ni?iiaeaeueieo eiioeaio?aoe?e. Ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiai
iae?i?eiiai ??aiyiiy aeeooc?? Eaia-O?ee?a?aea c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaaeii?
i?ioeaaeo?e ona?aaeiaiiy aoei iiaoaeiaaii nenoaio ??aiyiue aeey
ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai ii?yaee?a. I?ney /iai
cae?eniaii ?? aneiioioe/iee aiae?c c aeei?enoaiiyi iiiyooy oaciaiai
ii?o?aoa. Aeiaeaoeiai io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino?, ui iienothoue
ci?io ca /anii ei?aeyoe?eiiai ?aae?ona, aiie?ooaee oeoeooaoe?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? oa aneiao??? ?iciiae?eo eiioeaio?aoe?e ia ?aii?o noaae?yo
ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo. Iieacaii, ui iayai?noue o nee? a ii/aoeiaee
iiiaio /ano aeiaaeeiaeo aa??aoe?e neeaaeo ni?e/eiy? aoaeoeaia “?icieooy”
ni?iiaeae? oa i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?aoai?aiiy ?? a iaeanoue e?ioeaai?
oe?eie. Iaaaaeaia ioe?iea oe?eie aeuacaaaeaii? iaeano?.

Ni?iiaeaeueiue ?iciaae yaey? niaith ?icaeoie c /anii iaia?a?aii?
iaiaeii??aeii? no?oeoo?e /a?ac oa?iiaeeiai?/io iano?ee?noue
ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie. E?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiae?aii? no?oeoo?e oa
iaa?oue iai?yiie ?? ?icaeoeo cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoueny ii/aoeiaeie
“caii?iaeaieie” oeoeooaoe?yie neeaaeo (aai aonoeie). I?ioa ?o ?ieue o
iiaiiio ianyc? aeyaey?oueny eeoa c o?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeaino? aaeeeeo
a?aeoeeaiue na?aaeiuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? a?ae ni?iiaeaeueii?.
A?aeiia?aeiee oai?aoe/iee iien, c o?aooaaiiyi ae?oai? ni?iiaeaeueii?
eiioeaio?aoe??, aoei oaeiae cae?eniaii o aeaiiio ?icae?e?.

Ei?enooth/enue ??aiyiiyi Eaia-O?ee?a?aea, oeyoii aeiiiiaeaiiy iaio eiai
/anoei ia ??ci? nooiai? eiioeaio?aoe??, oa iiaeaeueoiai ona?aaeiaiiy
io?eiaieo ??aiyiue ca ainaiaeai ?aae?caoe?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aoei
ciaeaeaii nenoaio aaiethoe?eieo ??aiyiue aeey ei?aeyoe?eieo ooieoe?e
??cieo ii?yaee?a. Noaiaea?oia i?ioeaaeo?a ?ic/aieaiiy eaioethaeea oeeo
??aiyiue aaaea, o i?aenoieo, aei nenoaie aaiethoe?eieo ??aiyiue aeey
ei?aeyoi??a ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai ii?yaee?a.

. A aac?ici??ieo ci?iieo aeuacaaaeaia nenoaia ??aiyiue ia? aeaeyae:

(1)

c ii/aoeiaeie oiiaaie

(2)

Ia?ao?ae aei aac?ici??ieo ci?iieo a (1) cae?enithaaany ca aeiiiiiaith
oi?ioe

, (3)

— aeenia?n?y aeiaaeeiaeo aa??aoe?e neeaaeo a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano.
Ooo aoei cai?iaaaeaeaii oaeiae ii?iiaaio ooeaio ooieoe?th

(4)

oa ia?aiao?e

, (5)

.

ui aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe eiioeaio?aoe?th o ia?aaeaeae?eaiiyo iiai? oace
oa ia’?i oeeo ia?aaeaeae?eaiue.

aea iaeii??aeiee noai ? iaoanoaa?eueiei aai noaa?eueiei.

C aeei?enoaiiyi aeia?a a?aeiiiai iiiyooy oaciaiai ii?o?aoa, aoei
cae?eniaii aneiioioe/iee iai?ae?euee?niee aiae?c cacia/aii? nenoaie
iae?i?eieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue (1). I?e oeueiio aoee aecia/ai?,
ia?o ca ana, eaac?noaoe?iia?i? noaie (iniaeea? oi/ee) ia??aiiaaaeii?
nenoaie. Oaeeo noai?a aeyaeeiny aeaa. Eii?aeeiaoe oeeo noai?a
aei??aiththoue

(6)

oa

(7)

Oe? iniaeea? oi/ee cacia/ai? ia oaciaeo ii?o?aoao ?einueeeie oeeo?aie I
? II (iae.1). Iiaeaeueoa noaiaea?oia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui ia?oa
c iniaeeaeo oi/ie ? n?aeeiaith, a ae?oaa aeyaey?oueny oeio no?eeiai
aocea.

Iae.1. Oaciaee ii?o?ao nenoaie, ui cacia? ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo;
?einueeeie oeeo?aie I oa II cacia/ai? iniaeea? oi/ee, ioieoe?ieie
e?eaeie — naia?ao?ene, nooe?eueieie e?eaeie — oacia? o?a?eoi???
ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie.

, oiaoi aaaaeaee, ui ii/aoeiaee ?iciiae?e oeoeooaoe?e eiioeaio?aoe?? ?
neiao?e/iei.

. O ?ici??ieo ci?iieo aeaia i?ii?aeia no?oeoo?a ?iciaaeo
oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeeaoueny i?inoi?iaei ianooaaii

(8)

oa aiie?ooaeith oeoeooaoe?e eiioeaio?aoe??

, (9)

— e?eoe/ia oaiia?aoo?a ci?oaiiy a?ia?iiai oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio aai neea.

oa a?aenoaiith i?ae ni?iiaeaeueieie eiioeaio?aoe?yie

, (10)

Inoaiiy ae aecia/a?oueny i??ith aeecueeino? oaiia?aoo?e aei e?eoe/ii?
oi/ee.

.

c iaeii/aniei c?inoaiiyi ei?aeyoe?eiiai ?aae?ona. I?ioa inoaii?e
aeiaaeie iaa?yae uia ?aae?coaaany, ine?eueee i?e oaeeo aaeeeeo
ii/aoeiaeo oeoeooaoe?yo iae?iia??i?oa a?aeaoaaoeiaoueny a?iiaeaeueiee
?iciaae, oiaoi ooai?aiiy ca?iaee?a iiai? oace oa ?o c?inoaiiy, ui ca
oeei ne?aeo?.

ni?iiaeaeueiee ?iciaae ye oaeee aaea cae?i/o?oueny. No?oeoo?a, yea i?e
oeueiio noi?ioaaeany, aoaea caeeoaoeny noaa?eueiith ia i?ioyc? iaaiiai
i?ii?aeeo /ano, a iio?i cae?enithaaoeiaoueny a?iiaeaeueiee ?iciaae, ui
caaa?oo?oueny ?icoa?oaaiiyi nenoaie ia oa?iiaeeiai?/ii no?ee? oace.
Iiaeia neacaoe, ui i?ii?aeia no?oeoo?a ?iciaaeo ? aaciaith no?oeoo?ith
i?ioeano oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy ca iaoai?ciii ca?iaeaeaiiy oa ?inoo.
Oa?aeoa?iee /an iaaeeaeaiiy aei i?ii?aeii? ??aiiaaae aei??aith?

. (11)

, ui aeieeaa? c e?i?eii? oai??? Eaia.

.

, aiie?ooaea ae oeoeooaoe?e neeaaeo noaa?e?co?oueny ia ??ai?

(12)

ui caeaaeeoue a?ae ii/aoeiaiai noaio neea.

, oi a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae aei aeiaaeeo (a).

.

. Ioaea, ia an?o noaae?yo ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo aaea?oueny
i?inoaaeeoe aaiethoe?th ca /anii aneiao??? ?iciiae?eo, yea ?
e?euee?niith i??ith, ui ocaaaeueiaii iieno? i?ioean aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie ia ia?aaeaeaeaeaiiy oa iao?eoeth. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
cacia/aia aneiao??y o oiae? ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo iaiaei?iii c?inoa?,
o aeiaaeeo ae ?? a?aenooiino? o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano aiia iaia’yceiai
c’yaey?oueny ye iane?aeie eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy oaa?aeiai
?ic/eio aai neea.

, a?aeaoaa?oueny ceeooy aeaio iniaeeaeo oi/ie ia oaciaiio ii?o?ao?. A
iiaeae?, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny, oea a?aeaoaa?oueny o oiio aeiaaeeo, eiee
aeeiio?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy

(13)

oi iniaeea? oi/ee ia oaciaiio ii?o?ao? a?aenooi?. A oea icia/a?, ui
ni?iiaeaeueiee ?iciaae o nenoai? ia a?aeaoaa?oueny, oiaoi aaiethoe?y
nenoaie a oeueiio aeiaaeeo iieyaa? o ia?aoiae? aei iaeii??aeiiai noaio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee aeueoa?iaoeaiee i?aeo?ae uiaei
iieno ia?ao?aeii? noaae?? aaiethoe?? ia??aiiaaaeieo eiiaeainiaaieo
nenoai a?ae ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?aaeeio aei aaoa?ioaciiai (ioeeaaoe?eiiai).
Nooue eiai iieyaa? o o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e,
ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ?aeaenaoe?y ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie a?aeaoaa?oueny ca
?aooiie ae??aithaaiiy a?aae??io?a o?i?/iiai iioaioe?aeo oa iieno?oueny
/a?ac aaiethoe?th ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo, ui caa??aa?oueny (a naia,
eiioeaio?aoe??). Iane?aeeii oeueiai aoaea aeinyaiaiiy iaeii??aeiiai,
aea, acaaae? eaaeo/e, ia??aiiaaaeiiai cia/aiiy o?i?/iiai iioaioe?aeo
acaeiaae onueiai ia’?io c?acea. I?ii?aei? no?oeoo?e ?iciaaeo, ui
c’yaeythoueny ia aoai? e?iaoe/ii? noaa?e?caoe?? ni?iiaeaeueiiai
?iciaaeo, ? eaac?noaoe?iia?ieie, aea aiie ua ? aeaeaeeie a?ae iiaii?
oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae.

Iienaiiy ianooiii? aaiethoe?? nenoaie, oiaoi ia?aoiaeo a?ae
ni?iiaeaeueiiai aoaio aei noaae?? eiaeanoeaioe??, aeeeeea? o?oaeiiu?
i?eioeeiiaiai oa?aeoa?o. Uia ?o oieeiooe aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ia?ao?ae aei
“iia?oaeaiiai” iieno ?aeaenaoe?? ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie. Ooo iaiao?aeii
i?eeiyoe aei oaaae, ui a ?aieao oaiiiaiieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo i?ii?aei?
eaac?noaoe?iia?i? no?oeoo?e iiaeia ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aeayeeie
ia??aiiaaaeieie ia?aiao?aie, a naia oaeeie, iai?eeeaae, ye o?i?/iee
iioaioe?ae, oene aai aioo??oiy aia?a?y. Oe? ia??aiiaaaei? ia?aiao?e
ii?yaeeo oa?aeoa?ecothoue nenoaio a oe?eiio, a ia ie?ai? ?? /anoee, oiio
?o ?aeaenaoe?y aei oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae iiaea aooe aea/aia ia
iniia? ?icaeyaeo i?inoeo e?iaoe/ieo ??aiyiue.

O ca’yceo c aeneiaeaieie aeua i??eoaaiiyie caea?oueny oe?eeii aei?a/iei
iienaiiy ?aeaenaoe?? i?ii?aeii? no?oeoo?e ?iciaaeo ia aac?
oaiiiaiieia?/iiai ??aiyiiy Eaiaeao-Oaeaoi?eiaa

(14)

.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e aeuacaaaeaiee i?aeo?ae, o ?aieao iaeiiaei??ii? a?ia?ii?
iiaeae? oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio (aai neea) aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii ??ci? e?aei?
neooaoe??, a naia: aaiethoe?y oa?aeoa?iiai i?inoi?iaiai ianooaao
eiioeaio?aoe?eieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia ?aii?o aoaiao a?iiaeaeueii?
noaae?? ?iciaaeo, a oaeiae eiai aaiethoe?y iai?ee?ioe? a?iiaeaeueii?
noaae??.

, o eaa?euei?e iaeano?. I?e/iio ia ?aii?o noaae?yo a?iiaeaeueiiai
?iciaaeo oa?aeoa?iee i?inoi?iaee ?ici?? iaiaeii??aeiinoae c?inoa? c
/anii ca caeiiii

, (15)

.

Ia i?ee?ioeaa?e noaae?? a?iiaeaeueiiai aoaio oea c?inoaiiy aeyaey?oueny
aeineoue iia?eueiei, oiaoi a?aeaoaa?oueny ca eiaa?eoi?/iei caeiiii

(16)

aea

.

ia’?ii? /anoee oac, ui aeae?eyoeiooueny, aoaeooue caaeiaieueiyoe
aeia?a a?aeiiiio i?aaeeo aaaeaey

. (17)

Iieacaii, ui /an a?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny
oei ianooaaii i?ii?aeii? no?oeoo?e ?iciaaeo, yea ooai?eeanue ua ia
ni?iiaeaeuei?e noaae??. sseui oeae ianooaa ia? ii?yaeie (C, oi /an
?iciaaeo ioe?ith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ae?aco

, (18)

.

, oi /an ?iciaaeo ? aeniiiai-oe?aeueii iaeei

. (19)

iiynith?oueny oei, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo e?oiiiianooaai? oeoeooaoe??
neeaaeo aai ooai?eeeny aaea ia noaae?? caaa?ooaaiiy, aai aiie
noi?ioaaeeny ia ni?iiaeaeuei?e noaae?? ?iciaaeo.

i?ae iaeaea ??aiiaaaeieie oacaie ? ia? eai?anueeee ianooaa, (C.
I?e/iio oe?eia ia?ao?aeii? iaeano? caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii iaci?iiith ia
i?ioyc? anueiai /ano a?iiaeaeueii? ?aeaenaoe??.

, a eiaeiee aeia?eueiee iiiaio /ano, aea a?i aea? ciiao io?eiaoe
aiae?oe/i? ae?ace aeey aaiethoe?? ca /anii iaeaea on?o o?ce/ii aaaeeeaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee nenoaie, oaeeo, iai?eeeaae, ye oa?aeoa?iee ianooaa
eiioeaio?aoe?eieo iaiaeii??ae-iinoae, a?aeoeeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? o oeeo
iaiaeii??aeiinoyo a?ae na?aaeiueiai neeaaeo c?acea, a?aeiinio /anoeo
ia?aaeaeae?eaiue (“ca?iaee?a” iiai? oace) oa iao?eoe?. Aaea?oueny ye?nii
ioe?ieoe oa?aeoa?i? /ane a?iiaeaeueiiai aoaio ?icoa?oaaiiy
ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie, a oaeiae oe?eio ia?ao?aeii? ciie i?ae iaeanoyie
c ??ciith eiioeaio?aoe??th oa i?inoaaeeoe ca i?ioeanii ?? o?ainoi?iaoe??
c /anii o i?aeoacio iaaeo ?icae?eo.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iiio
aeine?aeaeaiith e?iaoeee oi?ioaaiiy oa ?inoo aioeoacieo aeiiai?a i?e
oaciaeo ia?aoiaeao ae?oaiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? ie noaaeee ca iaoo canoinoaaiiy noaoenoe/iiai
i?aeoiaeo aei anoaiiaeaiiy oeyo?a ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaii?yaeeo aei ii?yaeeo
a nenoaiao, ye? caciathoue oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo ae?oaiai ?iaeo.

-eaooiue, ui aii?yaeeiao?oueny oa e?enoae?co?oueny a IOeE a?aoeo.

Oaanue i?ioean oii?yaeeoaaiiy iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia aeaa aoaie, ia ia?oiio
c yeeo ca i?e?ineii?/i? /ane (ii?yaeeo /ano iai?io i?noeyie aeaio
noi?aeieo aoii?a) a?aeaoaa?oueny a iniiaiiio anoaiiaeaiiy aeecueeiai
ii?yaeeo acaeiaae onueiai ia’?io c?acea. E?iaoeeo oeueiai yoaio iienaoe
iaaecae/aeii neeaaeii, ine?eueee c iae?ineii?/ii? oi/ee ci?o oeae
i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeoe/ii ieoo?ai ? oiio ia iiaea aooe
aecia/aeueiei o iaoai?ci? ooai?aiiy aii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?e.

Ii/aoeiaei noaiii i?e oaeiio iae?ineii?/iiio iieno ? noai, eio?ee
yaey? niaith iacineii?/i? iaeano? c ??ciei oeiii oa i??ith
aii?yaeeoaaiiy, ui ?iciiae?eai? o c?aceo aeiaaeeiai. I?inoi?iaee ianooaa
oeeo iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo ie aaaaea?ii iaaaaaoi a?eueoei
ca ia?aiao? e?enoae?/iie a?aoee.

, ia??aiiaaaeia nenoaia ciaoiaeeoueny iica iaaeaie oeoeooaoe?eii?
iaeano?, ioaea aii?yaeeoaaiiy iiaeia iienoaaoe a ?aieao oai??? Eaiaeao,
a o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia??aiiaaaeiee aeiaeaoie aei oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai
iioaioeeaeo ia? aeaeyae ooieoe?iiaeo A?icao?aa-Eaiaeao

(20)

, aea U — aia?a?y ci?oaiiy oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio; r0 — ?aae?on aca?iiae??
aoii?a oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio.

eiai iiaeia iienaoe, ei?enooth/enue oaiiiaiieia?/iith iiaeaeeth oeio:

, (21)

aea

(22)

iiaeia aeine?aeeoe a?oiooth/enue ia ??aiyii? Eaiaeao-Oaeaoi?eiaa aeey
ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo, ui iacaa??aa?oueny

, (23)

aea ( — e?iaoe/iee eiao?oe??io, yeee ? i?iii?oe?eiei ?iia??iino? iai?io
i?noeyie aeaio noi?aeieo aoii?a nieaao.

??aiyiiy (23) c o?aooaaiiyi (20), (21) o aac?ici??ieo ci?iieo ia? oaeee
aeaeyae

. (24)

ia?aiao? ii?yaeeo aoaea aeiaaeeiaith ooieoe??th eii?aeeiao.

oa eiai ei?aeyoe?eia ooieoe?y

, (25)

, oiaoi ie nei?enoaeeny i?eiouaiiyi i?i noaoenoe/io iaeii??aei?noue
iiey ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo.

:

(26)

, aea

(27)

aea d ? oa?aeoa?iei ?ici??ii e?enoae?oo. Oiae? aneiioioe/ii, oiaoi
aeey /an?a t ((1/(, nenoaia ??aiyiue (26) ia?aoai?th?oueny o nenoaio
??aiyiue c iino?eieie eiao?oe??ioaie. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c io?eiaii?
nenoaie aaiethoe?eieo ??aiyiue aeey na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a
aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo oa eiai ei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??, yeee aoei cae?eniaii
o aeaiiio ?icae?e? c aeei?enoaiiyi iiiyooy oaciaiai ii?o?aoa, iieacaa,
ui aaiethoe?y iiae?aieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae o caeaaeiino? a?ae ii/aoeiaeo
oiia aoaea a?aeaoaaoeny ca iaeiei c aeaio iniiaieo oeyo?a: aai oeyoii
oi?ioaaiiy iaeiiaeiiaiiiai noaio, aai oeyoii ooai?aiiy iie?aeiiaiii?
no?oeoo?e c ?? iiaeaeueoith eiaeanoeaioe??th.

, i?e/iio aeiiaie ??cieo ciae?a, o oe?eiio ii c?aceo, iaoeiooue
??aiiaaeee? ia’?ii? /anoee. Iaaeae? ?ici??e aeiiai?a c?inoaoeiooue ca
aeeooc?eiei caeiiii

, (28)

.

oa i?e iaeeo ii/aoeiaeo ?ici??ao iaiaeii??aeiinoae iiaeeeaee
iaiiiioiiiee o?ae i?ioeano aii?yaeeoaaiiy, iniaeeai ae ia eiai
ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo (iae.3).

(iae.4), ui io?eiai? oeyoii /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy iiaii? nenoaie
aaiethoe?eieo ??aiyiue (26). *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aea/aiith
e?iaoe/ieo yaeu, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoue oacia? ia?aoiaee ia?oiai ?iaeo.
Iiaa eaea i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeaenaoe?eieo yaeu o nenoaiao c aeaiia
noaiaie ??aiiaaae, ye? ia ? aea?aaeaioieie. Aei ieo iiaeia a?aeianoe,
iai?eeeaae, a?ia?i? nieaae, ye? iathoue neeaae, aeecueeee aei
noao?iiao?e/iiai, ui a?aeiia?aea? oi?ioe? AA3.

= 0.02; D0 ={0.012, 0.02, 0.028}.

= 0.03; D0 ={0.0007, 0.001, 0.0018234, 0.0018235, 0.0025, 0.0035}.

Eiie?aoiei i?eeeaaeii iiae?aii? nenoaie ? nieaa Cu3Au, ui
e?enoae?co?oueny o AOeE a?aoeo. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?iaoeee aii?yaeeoaaiiy nieaao Cu3Au cae?enithaaeeny ye ca aeiiiiiaith
aea/aiiy /aniaeo caeaaeiinoae ??cieo aeanoeainoae nieaao, oae ? i?yieie
iaoiaeaie: ?aioaaiia?ao?/iei aai ca aeiiiiiaith aeeo?aeoe?? aeaeo?ii?a.
Ui ae noino?oueny oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?iaoeee aii?yaeeoaaiiy o
oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoaiao, a iniaeeaino?, i?ae /an oaciaeo
ia?aoiae?a ia?oiai ?iaeo, oi aiie, ia iao iiaeyae, yaii iaaeinoaoi?.
Cie?aia, iane?eueee a?aeiii, ieoaiiy i?i aieea ii/aoeiaiai noaio
ia??aiiaaaeii? nenoaie ia oa?aeoa? ianooiii? ?? aaiethoe??, ua iio?aao?
aeaoaeueiiai c’ynoaaiiy.

ci?ith?oueny a?ae ioey (o iaaii?yaeeiaaiiio noai?) aei iaaiiai
??aiiaaaeiiai cia/aiiy (o aeiaaeeo iiaiiai aii?yaeeoaaiiy). I?e oaeiio
iae?ineii?/iiio iieno ii/aoeiaee noai yaey? niaith noeoii?noue iaeanoae
c ??ciei oeiii oa i??ith ii?yaeeo, ui ?iciiae?eai? o c?aceo aeiaaeeiai.
Iaaia ??/, i?inoi?iaee ianooaa oeeo iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo
ie i?eionea?ii iaaaaaoi a?eueoei i?ae ia?aiao? e?enoaeaai? a?aoee.

Iaoa iaoa — c’ynoaaoe ca yeeie oeyoaie aoaea ?icaeaaoeny a ?cioa?i?/ieo
oiiaao i?ioean oii?yaeeoaaiiy ii/aoeiai iaaii?yaeeiaaii? nenoaie. *e
iaoeia i?noea iaeii??aeia aii?yaeeoaaiiy, /e nenoaia ?iciaaeaoeiaoueny
ia aeiiaie c ??ciei oeiii aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo, ui ?ic’?aeiai? oae caaieie
aioeoacieie aeiiaiieie iaaeaie, /e i?e aeayeeo oiiaao aiia caeeoeoueny
iaaii?yaeeiaaiith?

Aeey oai?aoe/iiai iieno aii?yaeeoaaiiy ie ciiao nei?enoa?iinue
ia??aiiaaaeiei aeiaeaieii aei oa?iiaeeiai?/iiai iioaioeeaeo, yeee ia?
aeaeyae ooieoe?iiaeo A?icao?aa-Eaiaeao (20).

a?i iiaea aooe iienaiei o ?aieao a?aeiii? oaiiiaiieia?/ii? iiaeae?:

(30)

aea ia?aiao? ( ? ooieoe??th oaiia?aoo?e O ? aecia/a?oueny ae?acii (22).

Aeeiai?eo nenoaie, ye ? o aeiaaeeo oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a ae?oaiai ?iaeo,
iienoaaoeiaii, ei?enooth/enue ??aiyiiyi Eaiaeao-Oaeaoi?eiaa (23) aeey
ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo, ui iacaa??aa?oueny. Oiae? c o?aooaaiiyi (30)
aac?ici??ia ?aeaenaoe?eia ??aiyiiy iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo:

(31)

oa ei?aeyoe?eio ooieoe?th (25).

:

(32)

, ye ? ?ai?oa, aecia/a?oueny ae?acii (27).

, aea e a?ae ii/aoeiai? aeenia?n?? ia?aiao?a aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo. Aea
iniiaia iniaeea?noue e?iaoeee nenoai, ye? caciathoue oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo
ia?oiai ?iaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui nenoaia iae?a? oie /e ?ioee noai
??aiiaaae, eio?ee a?aeiia?aea? i?i?ioio a?eueii? aia?a??, ia c i?eioeeio
iaea?eueoi? aeeaeie i?i?ioio, ye oea aoei i?eeiyoi aaaaeaoe a
oa?iiaeeiai?oe? oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a; oeae aea?? iae?iia??i?oa
aecia/a?oueny aeecuee?noth ii/aoeiaiai noaio (ui caeaaeeoue a?ae
ia?aae?noi??? c?acea) aei iaeiiai c ??aiiaaaeieo noai?a.

.

o oa?iiaeeiai?/iee iioaioe?ae (20). Ianooiia ?aeaenaoe?y ia?aiao?a
ii?yaeeo iienoaaeanue ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy Eaiaeao-Oaeaoi?eiaa (23) c
canoinoaaiiyi noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, yeee aoa ?icaeiooee o o?aoueiio
?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??.

ia? oa?aeoa? ia?aieeaeueiiai a?noa?aceno.

I?ae /an ?icaeyaeo e?iaoeee iaeii??aeiiai oa iaiaeii??aeiiai
aii?yaeeoaaiiy ie aei oeueiai /ano aaaaeaee, ui aia?a?? aca?iiae??
aoii?a o?eniaai?. Iaeiae oea i?eiouaiiy, oi/ii eaaeo/e, ? aei?aaaeaiei
eeoa o ?ac? a?aenooiino? aoaeue-yeeo ciai?oi?o aieea?a ia nieaa, ui
aii?yaeeiao?oueny. O i. 5.3 aeaiiai ?icae?eo ie a?aeiiaeeenue a?ae
aeuacaaaeaieo i?eiouaiue oa ni?iaoaaee c’ynoaaoe, yeeo ci?i iaaoaa?
i?ioean oii?yaeeoaaiiy, yeui caaa?ooaaiiy nieaao oa eiai ianooiia
?cioa?i?/ia ?aeaenaoe?y a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao anaa?/iiai
(a?ae?inoaoe/iiai) oeneo. I?e oeueiio ie ciia iaiaaeeeenue nieaaaie c
IOeE a?aoeith oeio (-eaooi?, aeey eio?eo ia’?i oa noeneea?noue
neaai caeaaeaoue a?ae i??e aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo ? oiio oe??th caeaaei?noth
iiaeia ciaoooaaoe.

Aneiioioe/iee oa /enaeueiee aiae?c nenoaie ??aiyiue, ui io?eiaia oeyoii
aeei?enoaiiy noaoenoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, aea? iiaeeea?noue i?inoaaeeoe
e?iaoeeo aii?yaeeoaaiiy nieaao a oiiaao a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo ia an?o
?? aoaiao. Oea aeicaieeei, cie?aia, acoaiiaeoe, ui oene ia?aoeiaeaea?
oaeaeeiio ?icaeoeo iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia?aiao?a ii?yaeeo, yeui nenoaia
cacia? ia?ao?ae a iaeiiaeiiaiiee noai oii?yaeeoaaiiy. A oie aea /an a
oiiaao oeneo o?eaae?noue i?ioeano anoaiiaeaiiy aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo a
nieaa?, ui aii?yaeeiao?oueny, nooo?ai c?inoa?.

O oinoiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi aeaye? i?eeeaaei? ieoaiiy, ui
iia’ycai? c ia?a?iciiae?eii no?oeoo?ieo neeaaeiaeo ia ianooaaieo ??aiyo,
ui i?inoyaathoueny a?ae i?e?ineii?/iiai aei iae?ineii?/iiai, oa o iaaii?
i??? aiaeia?/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?eiiio ?icoa?oaaiith o oaa?aeeo ?ic/eiao oa
noaeeao. Iiaa eaea ooo i?i e?iaoeeo naa?aaaoe?? a?eueiiai ia’?io i?ae
/an aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai ?cioa?i?/iiai a?aeiaeo aii?oieo iaoaeaaeo
nieaa?a, i?i no?oeoo?io naiii?aai?caoe?th aeeneieaoe?eii? i?aenenoaie o
ia?oaineoii-noa??th/eo nieaaao, i?i aieea iiia?aaeiueiai ieanoe/iiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ia noa??iiy nieaa?a Fe-Ni, i?i ia?a?iciiae?e /anoeiie
iaoaeaaiai ii?ioeo oa iaiaoaeaaeo aeeth/aiue o i?ioean?
aeaeo?i?ic?yaeiiai ni?eaiiy ii?ioeiaeo ia’?eo?a. Aoei oaeiae ?icaeyiooi
?yae i?eeeaaeieo aniaeo?a aeuacaaaeaieo yaeu.

O i. 6.2 ?icae?eo ?icaeiooi oai?aoe/io iiaeaeue, yea aeicaiey? iienaoe
ooai?aiiy oeoeooaoe?e a?eueiiai ia’?io i?e iaeii/aniiio ciaioaii? eiai
na?aaeiuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? o i?ioean? a?aeiaeo iaoaeaaiai neea, ui ?
na?aeii?eai-oiaaiei, oa cae?eniaii ii??aiyiiy ?? c aenia?eiaioaeueieie
?acoeueoaoaie.

ae?aa?ai?, ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo a?aeiaeo neea ii/eia? ca?eueooaaoeny
i?inoi?iaa iaiaeii??aei?noue ?iciiae?eo a?eueiiai ia’?io ca c?aceii.

, ?icoa?oaaiiy a?eueiiai ia’?io ci?ith?oueny ia eiai aiiiaai?caoe?th.

, ye? aenia?eiaioaeueii niinoa??aathoueny o i?ioean?
aeniei-oaiia?aoo?ieo (612 — 640 E) a?aeiae?a c?ace?a iaoaeaaiai neea
Fe40Ni40P14B6, ye?nii ei?aeth? c ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co.

Oaeei /eiii, iaiaeii??aeia ?aeaenaoe?y a?eueiiai ia’?io iiaea iiynieoe,
i?eiaeii? ye?nii, iaiiiioiiio iiaaae?ieo c ia?aa?aii /ano a?aeiiniiai
aeaeo?iiii?o iaoaeaaiai neea i?ae /an eiai aenieioaiia?aoo?ieo a?aeiae?a
iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e neeoaaiiy, ui niinoa??aaeanue a aenia?eiaioao.

O i. 6.3 a ?aieao aaiethoe?eieo ??aiyiue aeine?aeaeaii nenoaio c
aenieith aonoeiith ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaieo aaeioiaeo aeeneieaoe?e
??cieo ciae?a. Iieacaii, ui i?ae /an ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iiae?aia
nenoaia aeyaey?oueny iano?eeith ye a?aeiinii iiaii? aonoeie
aeeneieaoe?e, oae ? a?aeiinii ca?yaeiai? aonoeie oa ia? oaiaeaioe?th aei
ooai?aiiy iaiaeii??aeiinoae oeio aeeneieaoe?eiee ca?yae. Oiiaith iiyae
aeeneieaoe?eieo ca?yae?a ? iayai?noue o aeaoi?iiaai?e nenoai?
aeeneieaoe?e aeaio oei?a: iia?eueieo oa oaeaeeeo, i?e/iio oaeaee?noue
ia?aoai?aiiy iia?eueieo aeeneieaoe?e o oaeaee? iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe
oaeaee?noue noieo iia?eueieo ia aeaoaeoe ne?i/aiiai ?ici??o. Io?eiaia
ioe?iea oa?aeoa?iiai ianooaao aeeneieaoe?eieo ooai?aiue aeuacaaaeaiiai
oeio.

O i. 6.4 c oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? oi/ee ci?o i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea
iiia-?aaeiuei? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ia noa??iiy nieaa?a Fe-Ni c
o?aooaaiiyi aiiiaaiiino? ca?iaeaeaiiy ?ioa?iaoae?aeii? oace Ni3Me.
Iieacaii, ui cao?eiea ii/aoeo ?iciaaeo ca oaiia?aoo?ith iiaea aooe
iia’ycaia c ?aeaenaoe??th i?oae-ieo iie?a aeeneieaoe?e, yeui i?eeiyoe
aei oaaae, ui aeey O — n ae?aa?aie oaeeo nieaa?a oa?aeoa?ia iayai?noue
ieaeiuei? e?eoe/ii? oi/ee ia ni?iiaeaeuei?e e?ea?e.

O i. 6.5 iaaiai?aii iiaeeea?noue cao?eiee ca oaiia?aoo?ith aeae?eaiiy
?ioa?iaoae?ae?a i?ae /an aeenia?n?eiiai oaa?aeiaiiy ia?oaineoieo nieaa?a
Fe-Ni c oi/ee ci?o aieeao i?oaeieo iie?a ?iciiae?eaieo aeeneieaoe?e, oa
iaaei??ii? e?eueeino? aeeneieaoe?e iaeiiai ciaeo a aeeneieaoe?eieo
ca?yaeao ia aeno?aeio aeeooc?th o a?ia?iiio oaa?aeiio ?ic/ei?. Iieacaii,
ui ?aeaenaoe?y aeaeaeiae?th/eo i?oaeieo iie?a aeeneieaoe?e i?e aenieeo
oaiia?aoo?ao onoaa? iaoiiaeai? ieie no?eeoe?ei? aoaeoe, eio??
ia?aoeiaeaeaee aiiiaaiiiio ?iciaaeo oaa?aeiai ?ic/eio.

?, c?aooith, o i. 6.6 aeaiiai ?icae?eo ?icaeyiooi ia?a?iciiae?e /anoeiie
iaoaeaaiai ii?ioeo oa iaiaoaeaaeo aeeth/aiue o i?ioean?
aeaeo?i?ic?yaeiiai ni?eaiiy (Y?N) ii?ioeiaeo ia’?eo?a. Iieacaii, ui
ii?o/ c iaeiiiniei ciai?oi?i oeneii, ui i?eeeaaeaii aei ii?ioeiaiai
c?acea, oa eai?ey?ieie neeaie, ui aeieeathoue ye iane?aeie /anoeiaiai
iieaaeaiiy iaoaeaaeo a?aioe o i?ioean? Y?N, ia iaoaeaa? /anoeiee ii?ioea
ae?? oaeiae ?aae?aeueiee oene caaaeyee iayaiino? ei?aioeaaeo nee.
I?iaaaeaii c?noaaeaiiy aaee/ei on?o aeuacaaaeieo nee. I?iaiae?ciaaii ?o
?ieue o i?ioeanao ia?a?iciiae?eo iaiaoaeaaeo aeeth/aiue i?ae /an
i?ioiaeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio e??cue ii?ioeiaee c?acie. Iaaeai?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iioei?caoe?? ?aaeeio aeaeo?i?ic?yaeiiai
ni?eaiiy ii?ioeiaeo ia’?eo?a, ye? caiaeyoueny aei aeiiae i?iaiaeeoe
i?ioean Y?N i?e iaea?eueo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?ao.

AENIIAEE

?nioth/? oai??? eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy oa aii?yaeeoaaiiy
ia??aii-aaaeieo oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai iienothoue, ye
i?aaeei, o?eueee ii/aoeia? oa e?ioeaa? noaae?? aeuacaaaeaieo i?ioean?a.
Iaeiae oeeo oyaeaiue iaaeinoaoiuei, uia oe?eeii ? iiai?noth a?aeia?aceoe
?aaeueio ea?oeio aaiethoe?? no?oeoo?e ia??aiiaaaeieo iaoa??ae?a,
cie?aia, aei oeueiai /ano caeeoa?oueny iac’yniaaiith ?ieue caaa?oiaaiiai
iaii?yaeeo ye o i?ioeanao ?iciaaeo, oae ? a i?ioeanao oii?yaeeoaaiiy.

C oe??th iaoith a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii noaoenoe/iee
i?aeo?ae, ui aeicaiey?, i?e iaai?e eiai iiaeeo?eaoe??, iienoaaoe
e?iaoeeo ye eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy (?iciaaeo), oae ?
aii?yaeeoaaiiy ia??aiiaaaeieo, iaaii?yaeeiaaieo oaa?aeio?eueieo
eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai.

O ?aieao a?ia?ii? iiaeae? aiae?oe/ieie caniaaie aeine?aeaeaii aeeooc?eio
noaae?th aaiethoe?? e?oiiiianooaaii? no?oeoo?e neea (ni?iiaeaeueiee
?iciaae). Iieacaii, ui iayai?noue o nee? a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano
caaa?oiaaieo aeiaaeeiaeo i?inoi?iaeo aa??aoe?e neeaaeo aaaea aei
aoaeoeaiiai ?icoe?aiiy iaeano? iano?eeino? aiiiaaiieo noai?a.

Aeieacaii ?nioaaiiy i?e ni?iiaeaeueiiio ?iciaae? i?ii?aeii? no?oeoo?e
?iciaaeo c oa?aeoa?iei i?inoi?iaei ianooaaii, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
io?eiaiiai c e?i?eii? oai??? Aeae. Eaia.

Iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo ?
aeieeiaiiy aneiao??? eieaeueieo a?aeoeeaiue a?ae na?aaeiueiai neeaaeo.
Iayai?noue aea cacia/aiii? aneiao??? o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano o?eueee
i?aeneeth? oaiaeaioe?th aei ?iciaaeo.

Aeey iieno a ?aieao ?aeeii? eiioeaioe?? an?o noaae?e e?iaoeee
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy noaeie (o oiio /ene? iaoaeaaeo)
cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeath, ui iieyaa? o ci?i? ia?aiao??a ii?yaeeo ia ??cieo
aoaiao eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy. ?aae?caoe?y oe??? ?aea?
aeicaieeea iienaoe a aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae? an? aoaie eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai
?icoa?oaaiiy a?ae ni?iiaeaeueii? noaae?? aei noaae?? eiaeanoeaioe??.

O ?aieao iiaeae? A?icao?aa-Eaiaeao oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeaii e?iaoeeo
oi?ioaaiiy oa ?inoo aioeoacieo aeiiai?a i?e oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiiyo
ae?oaiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie. Iieacaii, ui o ia?aaaaei?e
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia?ao?ae aei iaeiiaeiiaiiiai noaio aii?yaeeoaaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny /a?ac oi?ioaaiiy aeiaaiaeeao/iai iie?aeiiaiiiai noaio.

Oeyoii /enaeueiiai aiae?co i?iaeaiiino?iaaii: iaiiiioiiiee oa?aeoa?
i?ioeano aii?yaeeoaaiiy ia eiai ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo (yeui ii/aoeia?
ianooaae iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia?aiao?a aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo ? iaeeie); a
oaeiae iiaeeea?noue iiyae i?ii?aeieo (a??ooaeueieo) iie?aeiiaiiuo
no?oeoo? niaoe?aeueiiai oeio (ca iaaieo ii/aoeiaeo oiia).

sse aiae?oe/ieie caniaaie, oae ? ca aeiiiiiaith /enaeueiiai aiae?co
aeyaeaii ?yae iniaeeainoae e?iaoeee aii?yaeeoaaiiy i?e oaciaeo
ia?aoiaeao ia?oiai ?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie — iaii?yaeie, a naia: o
a?iiaeaeuei?e iaeano? oa?aeoa? aaiethoe?? nenoaie, ui aii?yaeeiao?oueny
(a iniaeeaino? ia ii/aoeiaeo noaae?yo) aecia/a?oueny ia o?eueee
aeecuee?noth oaiia?aoo?e nenoaie aei oaiia?aoo?e aii?yaeeoaaiiy, aea
nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ii/aoeiaiai noaio nenoaie; i?e oaciaeo
ia?aoiaeao ia?oiai ?iaeo ia??aiiaaaeia nenoaia iae?a? oie /e ?ioee oei
oii?yaeeoaaiiy ia ?c i?eioeeio iaea?eueoi? aeeaeie i?i?ioio a?eueii?
aia?a??, oeae aea?? aecia/a?oueny aeecuee?noth ii/aoeaiai noaio (ui
caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aae?noi??? caaa?ooaaiiy) aei iaeiiai c ??aiiaaaeieo
(aai eaac???aiiaaaeieo) noai?a.

I?e aea/aii? aieeao ciai?oiueiai iiey ia e?iaoeeo oi?ioaaiiy oa ?inoo
180-a?aaeonieo aeiiai?a o aeanieo naaiaoiaeaeo?eeao anoaiiaeaii, ui
iacaaaeath/e ia iiey?ecoth/o ?ieue ciai?oiueiai iiey, ia?ao?ae aei
iiiiaeiiaiiiai noaio aii?yaeeoaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaaaeii /a?ac
oi?ioaaiiy iie?aeiiaiii? no?oeoo?e, yeui aaee/eia ciai?oiueiai iiey ia
ia?aaeuo? iaaiiai e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy.

Ia i?eeeaae? nieaa?a oeio (-eaooi? i?iaiae?ciaaii aieea a?ae?inoaoe/iiai
oeneo ia e?iaoeeo aii?yaeeoaaiiy i?ae /an oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a ae?oaiai
?iaeo oeio ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie. Iieacaii, ui o iiae?aieo nieaaao
a?ae?inoaoe/iee oene oiia?eueith? i?ioean oii?yaeeoaaiiy, a oaeiae
no?eio?

?icaeoie iaiaeii??aeiinoae ia?aiao?a aeaeaeiai ii?yaeeo.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, UI IIOAE?EIAAI?

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeeyiea
aica-yeiooaeiianeiai eiiaeainaoa yeneoiiia ia niaeo?u iaeeiaeiiai
?annayiey naaoa // Oe?. oec. aeo?i. — 1983. — O.28. — ?2. — N.200-205.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Eiiaeiaoeeiiiia ?annayiea naaoa a
e?enoaeeao n o/anoeai aica-yeiooaeiianeiai eiiaeainaoa yeneoiiia // Oe?.
oec. aeo?i. — 1983. — O.28. — ?3. — N.348-353.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeia?eiiaeiaoeeiiiia
?annayiea naaoa eae iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey naycaiiuo ninoiyiee
aacaeeiieueiuo yeneoiiia e oiiiiia // Iio. e niaeo?. — 1984. — O.56. —
?3. — N.345-439.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeeyiea aeoiiiiiuo
ninoiyiee ia eiiaeiaoeeiiiia ?annayiea naaoa a iieaeoey?iuo e?enoaeeao
// Iio. e niaeo?. — 1984. — O.57. — ?5. — N.831-836.

A.n. ?1259926 NNN?. Niinia aaia?aoeee iiiio?iiaoe/aneiai eceo/aiey /
TH.Ae. Caai?ioiaa, E.I. Iaaiaea?, E.E. Noaoaiiae/ (NNN?). — ?3605833;
Cayaeaii 7.04.83; Iioae. 22.05.86.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Yaiethoeey “caii?iaeaiiuo” oeoeooaoeee
eiioeaio?aoeee i?e ?aniaaea noaeie n ninoaaii, aeeceei e nieiiaeaeueiiio
// AEYOO. — 1989. — O.96. — ? 4. — N.1513-1521.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Eeiaoeea nieiiaeaeueiiai ?aniaaea
noaeie // AEYOO. — 1990. — O.98. — ? 5. — N.1695-1704.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oaeueaeiai Y.I. ?aeaenaoeey i?iiaaeooi/iie ?aniaaeiie
no?oeoo?u noaeie e oaa?aeuo ?anoai?ia e ninoiyieth iieiiai
oa?iiaeeia-ie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney // AEYOO. — 1993. — O.104. — ?2. —
N.2774-2784.

I?eienea? A.A., Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Eiinoaioeiiaa O.A. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou
?aniaaea oaa?aeiai ?anoai?a ia?oaineoiinoa?athueo nieaaia Fe-Ni //
Iaoaeeioec. iiaaeoea oaoiie. — 1995. — O.17. — ?3. — N.19-23.

Noaoaiiae/ E.I., Eiinoaio?iiaa O.?., I??iinea? A.A. No?oeoo?ia
naiii?aaiicaoeiy a nenoaii, ui aeaoi?io?oueny, c aaeeeith aonoeiith
?iaiiii?ii ?iciiaeieaieo aeeneieaoeie // Oe?. oic. aeo?i. — 1995. —
O.40. — ?6. — N.562-567.

Feldman E.P., Stefanovich L.I. Transition from Spinodal Decomposition to
the Stage of Coalescence in Undercooled Glasses and Solid Solutions //
Phys. Stat. Sol. (b). — 1996. — V.195. — No.1. — P.137-148.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Eeiaoeea iaeii?iaeiiai e
iaiaeii?iaeiiai oii?yaei/aiey i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao aoi?iai ?iaea //
Ienueia a AEYOO. — 1996. — O.63. — ?12. — N.933-938.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oea/ A.E. Eeiaoeea naa?aaaoeee naiaiaeiiai iauaia a
iaoaeee/aneeo noaeeao // Iaoaeeioec. iiaaeoea oaoiie. — 1997. — O.19. —
?2. — N.3-11.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oaeueaeiai Y.I. Eeiaoeea oii?yaei/aiey, aeiiaiecaoeee e
?acoii?yaei/aiey i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao ia?aiai ?iaea // Iaoaeeioec.
iiaaeoea oaoiie. — 1997. — O.19. — ?9. — N.3-13.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oaeueaeiai Y.I. Eeiaoeea oi?ie?iaaiey e ?inoa
aioeoaciuo aeiiaiia i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao aoi?iai ?iaea // AEYOO. —
1998. — O.113. — ?1. — N.228-239.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E. I aiciiaeiuo iaoaieciao eiaaoeyoeee e naia?aoeee
iaiaoaeee/aneeo (aeiaciuo) aeeth/aiee i?e yeaeo?i?ac?yaeiii niaeaiee
iaoaeee/aneeo ii?ioeia // Oeceea e oaoieea aunieeo aeaaeaiee. — 1998. —
O.8. — ?1. — N.97-100.

Stefanovich L.I. Formation and Growth Dynamics of Domains under Phase
Transitions in an External Field // OIO. — 1998. — O.24. — ?9. —
N.856-860.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E. E aii?ino aeeyiey i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ieanoe/aneie
aeaoi?iaoeee ia noa?aiea nieaaia Fe-Ni // Oeceea e oaoieea aunieeo
aeaaeaiee. — 1998. — O.8. — ?3. — N.131-136.

Stefanovich L.I. Hysteretic Phenomena and Switching Effects under Phase
Transitions in External Field // OIO. — 1999. — O.25. — ?1. — N.33-37.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oaeueaeiai Y.I. Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec eeiaoeee
oii?yaei/aiey e ?aniaaea auno?iioeaaeaeaiiuo nieaaia // Oeceea e oaoieea
aunieeo aeaaeaiee. — 1999. — O.9. — ?1. — N.96-98.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeeyiea aeaaeaiey ia eeiaoeeo oii?yaei/aiey nieaaia //
Iaoaeeioec. iiaaeoea oaoiie. — 1999. — O.21. — ?10. — N.33-39.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oea/ A.E. Eeiaoeea ?aeaenaoeee naiaiaeiiai iauaia a
iaoaeee/aneeo noaeeao aaeece oaiia?aoo?u noaeeiaaiey // Oac. aeiee. OO
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “?aeaenaoeeiiiua yaeaiey a oaa?aeuo
oaeao”. – Ai?iiaae. — 1999. – N.325-326.

IIOAE?EIAAI? I?AOe?,

ssE? AeIAeAOEIAI A?AeIA?AAEATHOUe

IAOEIA? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeENA?OAOe??

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeeyiea naycaiiuo
ninoiyiee yeneoiiia ia eiiaeiaoeeiiiia ?annayiea naaoa a iieaeoey?iuo
e?enoaeeao // Oac. aeiee. O Ananithci. eiio. ii eiaa?aioiie e iaeeiaeiie
iioeea. — Iineaa. — 1980. — *. ??. — N.83-84.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Ia?aiao?e/aneay
ethieianoeaioeey i?e iaee/ee aica-yeiooaeiianeiai eiiaeainaoa yeneoiiia
// Oac. aeiee. Ananithci. niaau. ii iieaeoey?iie ethieianoeaioeee e aa
i?eiaiaieyi. Oa?ueeia. — 1982. — N.90.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Aeeyiea
aica-yeiooaeiianeiai eiiaeainaoa yeneoiiia ia niaeo?u iaeeiaeiiai
?annayiey naaoa // Oac. aeiee. O? Ananithci. eiio. ii eiaa?aioiie e
iaeeiaeiie iioeea. — A?aaai. — 1982. — *. ?. — N.314-315.

Caai?ioiaa TH.Ae., Iaaiaea? E.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Iaeeiaeiia ?annayiea
naaoa n o/anoeai aica-eiiaeainaoa yeneoiiia. — Aeiiaoee, 1983. -44 n.
-(I?ai?./AI Oe?aeiu. AeiiOOE; 83-14).

Ovander L.N., Stefanovich L.I., Zavorotnev Yu.D. Influence of the
Bose-Einshtein Condensation on Spectra of the Nonlinear Light Scattering
// In: Raman Spectroscopy Linear and Nonlinear. Proc. 8 Int. Conf.
Bordeux: Chichester e.a. — 1982. P.183-184.Feldman E.P., Stefanovich
L.I. A Statistical Theory of the Spinodal Decomposition of Glasses //
XII European Crystallographic Meeting. — Moscow. — 1989. — Col.
Abstracts, V.3. — P.282.

Feldman E.P., Stefanovich L.I. A Statistical Theory of the Spinodal
Decomposition of Glasses // XII European Crystallographic Meeting. —
Moscow. — 1989. — Col. Abstracts, V.3. — P.282.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Noaoenoe/aneay oai?ey ?aniaaea noaeie n
ninoaaii, aeeceei e nieiiaeaeueiiio // O?. Iaaeaeoia?. eiioa?. “6-th
Nonferrous Metallurgical Symposium. Sec.B. Rapidly Solidified
Materials”. (Balatonaliga, Hungary, 11-13 Oct. 1989). P.102-111.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Eeiaoeea ?anneiaiey eiiaeaine?iaaiiuo
nenoai a iaeanoe iaonoie/eainoe. — Aeiiaoee, 1990. — 26 n. -(I?ai?./AI
Oe?aeiu. AeiiOOE; 90-12).

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. I?iiaaeooi/iua ?aniaaeiua no?oeoo?u e
i?aaee?enoaeeecaoeeiiiua yaeaiey a iaoaeee/aneeo noaeeao // Oac. aeiee.
V Ananithci. eiio. “Aii?oiua i?aoeeceiiiua nieaau: oaoiieiaey, naienoaa,
i?eiaiaiea”. — ?inoia Aaeeeee. — 1991. — N.153.

Feldman E.P., Stefanovich L.I. Spinodal and Binodal Stages of Glass
Decomposition // In: Books of Abstracts “Workshop on Non-Equilibrium
Phenomena in Supercooled Fluids, Glasses and Amorphous Materials”. —
Pisa, Italy. — 1995. P. D12.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Ia?aoiae io nieiiaeaeueiie e
aeiiaeaeueiie noaaeee eiioeaio?aoeeiiiiai ?anneiaiey noaeie // Oac.
aeiee. III Iaaeainoae. naieia?a “No?oeoo?ii-ii?oieiae/aneea iniiau
iiaeeoeeaoeee iaoa-?eaeia iaoiaeaie iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee”. —
Iaieine. — 1995. — N.8-9.

Feldman E.P., Stefanovich L.I. Spinodal and Binodal Stages of Glass
Decomposition // Proc. Intern. Workshop on Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in
Supercooled Fluids, Glasses and Amorphous Materials. World Scientific
Pu. Pte. Pisa, 1996. P.322-323.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. ?aeaenaoeey au?iaeaeaiiuo nenoai i?e
oaciauo ia?aoiaeao aoi?iai ?iaea oeia ii?yaeie-aanii?yaeie // Oac.
aeiee. III Iaaeae. eiio. (e 80-eaoeth aeaaeaieea E.I. Eeooeoea)
“Oece/aneea yaeaiey a oaa?aeuo oaeao”. — Oa?ueeia. — 1997. — N.16.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E., Oaeueaeiai Y.I. ?aeaenaoeey iaau?iaeaeaiiuo nenoai i?e
oaciauo ia?aoiaeao ia?aiai ?iaea oeia ii?yaeie-aanii?yaeie // Oac.
aeiee. IV Iaaeainoae. naieia?a “No?oeoo?ii-ii?oieiae/aneea iniiau
iiaeeoeeaoeee iaoa?eaeia iaoiaeaie iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee”. —
Iaieine. — 1997. — N.82-83.

Feldman E.P., Stefanovich L.I. Relaxation Processes in Ordering the
Solid Systems // In: Books of Abstracts «3rd Intern. Discussion Meeting
on Relaxations in Complex Systems». Vigo, Spain. — 1997. P.98.

Stefanovich L.I., Tkatch V.I., Limanovskii A.I., Rassolov S.G.
Non-homogeneous Relaxation of the Exess Free Volume in Metallic Glasses
near the Glass Transition Temperature // In: Books of Abstracts “II
Workshop on non-equilibrium phenomena in supercooled fluids, glasses and
amorphous materials”. Pisa, Italy. — 1998. P. B4.

Oaeueaeiai Y.I., Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Eeiaoeea oii?yaei/aiey a nieaaao n
au?iaeaeaiiuie e iaau?iaeaeaiiuie ninoiyieyie ?aaiiaaney // Oac. aeiee.
Iaii?eaeueiiai neii. aeaae. A.I. A?eaeiaaa “Iaoaeeu e nieaau: oaciaua
i?aa?auaiey, no?oeoo?a, naienoaa”. — Eeaa. – 1998. — N.62.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Iniaaiiinoe eeiaoeee oaciauo ia?aoiaeia a nieaaao a
oneiaeyo aeae?inoaoe/aneiai aeaaeaiey // Oac. aeiee. V Iaaeainoae.
caieia?a “No?oeoo?ii-ii?oieiae/aneea iniiau iiaeeoeeaoeee iaoa?eaeia
iaoiaeaie iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee”. — Iaieine. — 1999. — N.117-118.

Aiioaoe??

Noaoaiiae/ E.?. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeeiai?ee ?iciaaeo oa
aii?yaeeoaaiiy oaa?aeio?eueieo nenoai, ui ? aeaeaeeie a?ae
oa?ii-aeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07 — o?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea. —
Aeiiaoeueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. A.A. Aaee?ia IAI Oe?a?ie,
Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iiio aiae?co caeiiii??iinoae
?aeaenaoe?eieo yaeu o oaa?aeio?eueieo eiiaeainiaaieo nenoaiao, ui ?
aeaeaeeie a?ae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae. C oe??th iaoith ?icaeiooi
noaoenoe/iee i?aeo?ae, ui aeicaiey? iienoaaoe ye e?iaoeeo
eiioeaio?aoe?eiiai ?icoa?oaaiiy, oae ? i?ioeane aii?yaeeoaaiiy
eiiaeainiaaieo nenoai, ye? ia?aaoaathoue o ia??aiiaaaeiiio noai?. O
?aieao a?ia?ii? iiaeae? aeine?aeaeaii aaiethoe?th e?oiiiianooaaii?
no?oeoo?e neea (ni?iiaeaeueiee ?iciaae). Iieacaii, ui iayai?noue o nee?
a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano aeiaaeeiaeo i?inoi?iaeo aa??aoe?e neeaaeo
ni?e/eiy? aoaeoeaia ?icoe?aiiy iaeano? iano?eeino? aiiiaaiieo noai?a.
E??i oeueiai, io?eiaii i?eioeeiiai iiaee ?acoeueoao, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
?nioaaiiy i?ae /an ni?iiaeaeueiiai ?iciaaeo e?iaoe/ii caaaeueiiaaieo
i?ii?aeieo eiioeaio?aoe?eieo no?oeoo?. Ia i?eeeaae? nieaa?a, ui
aii?yaeeiaothoueny, oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeaii e?iaoeeo oi?ioaaiiy oa
?inoo aioeoacieo aeiiai?a i?ae /an oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue oeio
ii?yaeie-iaii?yaeie. Anoaiiaeaii oiiae uiaei ?aae?caoe?? iiiiaeiiaiiiai
aai iie?aeiiaiiiai noai?a oii?yaeeoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaoenoe/iee i?aeo?ae, e?iaoeea, eiioeaio?aoe?eia
?icoa?oaaiiy, ia??aiiaaaeiee noai, ni?iiaeaeueiee ?iciaae, i?ii?aeia
no?oeoo?a ?iciaaeo, aioeoaci? aeiiaie, iiiiaeiiaiiee noai, iie?aeiiaiiee
noai, oii?yaeeoaaiiy.

Stefanovich L.I. Correlation analysis of decomposition and ordering
dynamics for nonequilibrium solid systems. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 01.04.07 — Physics of Solids.
— A.A.Galkin Physics & Engineering Institute of National Academy of
Sciences of Ukraine, Donetsk, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to theoretical analysis of regularities for
relaxation phenomena in nonequilibrium condensed solid systems. For this
purpose a statistical approach which permit us to describe both the
kinetics of concentration separation and ordering processes in
nonequilibrium condensed systems is developed. Within the framework of
binary model the evolution of large scale structure in glass (spinodal
decomposition) is investigated. It is shown that the spatial variations
of a composition in glass at the initial moment leads to an effective
widening the nonstability range of the homogeneous state. Besides, a
crucially new result which is testified of existing the kinetically
slowing down intermediate concentration structures in spinodal
decomposition is obtained. The formation and growth kinetics of
antiphase domains under a phase transition of an order-disorder type is
studied by the example of order-disorder alloys. The conditions in which
monodomain and polydomain states to be realized are established.

Key words: statistical approach, kinetics, concentration separation,
nonequilibrium state, spinodal decomposition, intermediate decomposed
structure, antiphase domaines, monodomain state, polydomain state,
ordering.

Noaoaiiae/ E.E. Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec aeeiaieee ?aniaaea e
oii?yaei/aiey oaa?aeioaeueiuo nenoai, aeaeaeeo io oa?iiaeeiaie/aneiai
?aaiiaaney. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 — oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea. — Aeiiaoeeee
oeceei-oaoie/aneee einoeooo ei. A.A. Aaeeeia IAI Oe?aeiu, Aeiiaoee,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneiio aiaeeco caeiiiia?iinoae
?aeaenaoeeiiiuo yaeaiee a oaa?aeioaeueiuo eiiaeaine?iaaiiuo nenoaiao,
aeaeaeeo io oa?iiaeeiaie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney. N yoie oeaeueth ?acaeo
noaoenoe/aneee iiaeoiae, eioi?ue iicaieyao iienuaaoue eae eeiaoeeo
eiioeaio?aoeeiiiiai ?anneiaiey, oae e eeiaoeeo oii?yaei/aiey
ia?aaiiaaniuo eiiaeaine?iaaiiuo nenoai. Ia aai iniiaa a ?aieao aeia?iie
iiaeaee enneaaeiaaia aeeoooceiiiay noaaeey yaiethoeee e?oiiiianooaaiie
no?oeoo?u noaeea (nieiiaeaeueiiai ?aniaae). Aia/aea iiae?iaii
i?iaiaeece?iaaia neooaoeey, eiaaea n?aaeiee ninoaa noaeea, n0, aeecie e
iaeiie ec nieiiaeaeueiuo eiioeaio?aoeee. Iieo/aiu aiaeeoe/aneea
caaeneiinoe, iienuaathuea eciaiaiea ai a?aiaie oa?aeoa?iiai ianooaaa
iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ninoaaa, n?aaeiaeaaae?aoe/iie aaee/eiu aai
oeoeooaoeee, a oaeaea ooieoeee, iienuaathuae aneiiao?eth ?ani?aaeaeaiey
eiioeaio?aoeee ia ?aiieo e iicaeieo noaaeeyo nieiiaeaeueiiai ?aniaaea.
Iieacaii, /oi iaee/ea a nenoaia a ia/aeueiue iiiaio a?aiaie neo/aeiuo
aa?eaoeee ninoaaa ?aoathuei ia?acii neacuaaaony ia eeiaoeea oaciaiai
?anneiaiey a ie?anoiinoe nieiiaeaee. A /anoiinoe, ia/aeueiua
“caii?iaeaiiua” oeoeooaoeee eiioeaio?aoeee “?aciuaatho” nieiiaeaeue,
i?aa?auay aa a iaeanoue eiia/iie oe?eiu.

Aoi?ay iniaaiiinoue nieiiaeaeueiie eeiaoeee ( yoi iiyaeaiea ioee/iie io
ioey aneiiao?ee ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiioeaio?aoeee a i?ioeanna ?aniaaea. Anee
aea oeacaiiay aneiiao?ey ?ani?aaeaeaiey eiioeaio?aoeee oaea eiaaony a
ia/aeueiue iiiaio a?aiaie, oi iia oieueei oneeeaaao oaiaeaioeeth e
nieiiaeaeueiiio ?aniaaeo.

ii?aaeaeyaony iaeeiaeiuie (ii eiioeaio?aoeee) neaaaaiuie a
yaiethoeeiiiii o?aaiaiee, a aaee/eia oeoeooaoeee eiioeaio?aoeee a yoie
neooaoeee ia?aie/aia ?aciinoueth nieiiaeaeueiuo eiioeaio?aoeee. Aaeaee
aea io e?eoe/aneie oaiia?aoo?u i?iiaaeooi/iay no?oeoo?a eiaao
oa?aeoa?iue i?ino?ainoaaiiue ianooaa ii?yaeea eaiianeiai, a aaee/eia
oeoeooaoeee eiioeaio?aoeee noaaeeece?oaony ia o?iaia, caaenyuai io
ia/aeueiiai ninoiyiey noaeea.

I?aaeeiaeai iiaue oaiiiaiieiae/aneee iiaeoiae, iniiaaiiue ia eaeaa i
o?ainoi?iaoeee ia?aiao?a ii?yaeea ia ?aciuo noaaeeyo eiioeaio?aoeeiiiiai
?anneiaiey. ?aaeecaoeey yoiai iiaeoiaea iicaieeea ioeaieoue oa?aeoa?iua
a?aiaia ia aeiiaeaeueiie noaaeee ?aniaaea, a oaeaea iienaoue yaiethoeeth
eiioeaio?aoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u ia anao yoaiao eiioeaio?aoeeiiiiai
?anneiaiey.

A ?aieao oai?ee Eaiaeao ia iniiaa noaoenoe/aneiai iiaeoiaea
i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea ia/aeueiiai caeaeaiiiai aanii?yaeea ia eeiaoeeo
i?ioeanna oii?yaei/aiey i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao aoi?iai ?iaea oeia
ii?yaeie — aanii?yaeie. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi i?e iaeuo ia/aeueiuo ?acia?ao
iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ia?aiao?a aeaeueiaai ii?yaeea aiciiaeai iaiiiioiiiue
oiae i?ioeanna oii?yaei/aiey ia aai ia/aeueiuo noaaeeyo. N iiiiuueth
/eneaiiiai aiaeeca i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaii, /oi i?e iaeioi?uo iniauo
ia/aeueiuo oneiaeyo ia i?iiaaeooi/iuo noaaeeyo oii?yaei/aiey aicieeatho
i?iiaaeooi/iua (ae?ooaeueiua) iieeaeiiaiiua no?oeoo?u niaoeeaeueiiai
aeaea.

Iiae?iaii i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea ia/aeueiuo oneiaee ia eeiaoeeo
oii?yaei/aiey, aeiiaiecaoeee e ?acoii?yaei/aiey i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao
ia?aiai ?iaea oeia ii?yaeie — aanii?yaeie. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi a
aeiiaeaeueiie iaeanoe oaiia?aoo? oa?aeoa? yaiethoeee oii?yaei/eaathuaeny
nenoaiu ii?aaeaeyaony ia oieueei aeecinoueth oaiia?aoo?u nenoaiu e
oaiia?aoo?a oii?yaei/aiey, ii nouanoaaiii caaeneo oaeaea io noaiaie
?acaeoinoe aeaeueiaai ii?yaeea iaiin?aaenoaaiii iinea caeaeee.

I?e eco/aiee aeeyiey aiaoiaai iiey ia eeiaoeeo oi?ie?iaaiey e ?inoa
180-a?aaeoniuo aeiiaiia a nianoaaiiuo naaiaoiyeaeo?eeao onoaiiaeaii, /oi
ianiio?y ia iiey?ecothuoth ?ieue aiaoiaai iiey, oi?ie?iaaiea
iieeaeiiaiiie no?oeoo?u yaeyaony i?aaeii/oeoaeueiaa iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
ia?aoiaea e iiiiaeiiaiiiio ninoiyieth oii?yaei/aiey. Iaeiaei aaee/eia
aiaoiaai iiey ia aeieaeia i?aauoaoue iaeioi?iai e?eoe/aneiai cia/aiey.

Ia i?eia?a nieaaia oeia (-eaooie i?iaiaeece?iaaii aeeyiea
aeae?inoaoe/aneiai aeaaeaiey ia eeiaoeeo oii?yaei/aiey i?e oaciauo
ia?aoiaeao aoi?iai ?iaea oeia ii?yaeie-aanii?yaeie. Iieacaii, /oi a
nieaaao iiaeiaiiai oeia aeae?inoaoe/aneia aeaaeaiea caiaaeeyao i?ioeann
oii?yaei/aiey, a oaeaea iiaeaaeyao ?acaeoea iaiaeii?iaeiinoae ia?aiao?a
aeaeueiaai ii?yaeea.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee eeiaoeee ?aniaaea iaoaeee/aneeo noaeie e
oii?yaei/aiey nieaaia iicaieytho au?aaioaoue i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee
aeey iioeiecaoeee i?ioeannia iieo/aiey aii?oiuo e iaiie?enoaeee/aneeo
iaoa?eaeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaoenoe/aneee iiaeoiae, eeiaoeea, eiioeaio?aoeeiiiia
?anneiaiea, ia?aaiiaaniia ninoiyiea, nieiiaeaeueiue ?aniaae,
i?iiaaeooi/iay no?oeoo?a ?aniaaea, aioeoaciua aeiiaiu, iiiiaeiiaiiia
ninoiyiea, iieeaeiiaiiia ninoiyiea, oii?yaei/aiea.

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