IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AENIA?EIAIOAEUeII? IAOIEIA??, IIEIEIA??

? ?AAe?IA?IEIA?? ?iai? ?.?.EAAAOeUeEIAI

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAe? IIEIEIA?? ? ?AAe?IEIA??

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

IE?EIEE Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 616.36+615.849.5+615.31+615.322

EI?AEOe?ss ?AAe?AOe?EIEO OA ?AAe?AOe?EII-O?I?*IEO O?AAEAIUe IA*?IEE
I?AIA?AOAIE, UI II?AeIOTHOUe NI?AOe?EI? OA
AIOEIENEAeAIOI? AEANOEAINO?

03.00.01 — ?aae?ia?ieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o A?iieoeueeiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe

sseoaianueeee Ieoaeei
Ieoaeeiae/,

A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa,

anenoaio eaoaae?e
iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ae?oaeeia Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoieia??,

iieieia?? oa ?aae?ia?ieia?? ?i. ?.?.Ea-

aaoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo

a?io?ceee eaioea?iaaiaco

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

*ayei Iao?i Iao?iae/,

Iaoeiaee oeaio? ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII

Oe?a?ie,

caa. eaai?aoi???th ?aae?aoe?eii? a?io?i??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.

I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee

oa i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_25__” eenoiiaaea 1998?. i _1330____
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.155.01 a
?inoeooo? aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoieia??, iieieia?? oa
?aae?ia?ieia?? ?i. ?.?.Eaaaoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie (252022, Ee?a,
aoe.Aaneeuee?anueea, 45).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?AII? ?i.
?.?.Eaaaoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_23__” aeiaoiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe ?.A.Aa?aiaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A inoaii? aeanyoe??//y cia/ia oaaaa
aeineiaeieeia-?aaeiiaiieiaia i?eae?ey?oueny aeaoaeueiiio aea/aiith
iiaeeeaeo oeyoia ei?aeoei? ?aii?o oa aiaeaeaeaieo ianeiaeeia
ii?iiiiaiiy. A no/anieo oiiaao iiaeeeaa ii?aeiaiiy ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai
/eiieea c oiene/iith ae??th enaiia?ioee?a, iaea?eueo iaaacia/ieie c
yeeo ? i?o?iciniieoee c ae?aciith aaiaoioiene/iith oa eaioea?iaaiith
ae??th. Ia nueiaiaeiioiie aeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioeane aeoeaaoe??
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) oa aeniaaeaiiy
aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai aiaeia?athoue iniiaio ?ieue ye a ?icaeoeo
i?iiaiaaeo iioeiaeaeaiue [?.I.Neaei?ee oa ni?aaao., 1996], oae ? a
iaoiaaiac? iioeiaeaeaiue, ui aeeeeeai? iiia?aaeieeaie i?o?iciniieoe
[I.I.Aaeaiei, 1994].

I?ioa, ia aeineoue /?oei aecia/aiee aca?iic’ycie IIE c ?icaeoeii
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueieo ci?i ia/?iee i?e eiia?iiaaiiio aieea?
?aae?aoei? oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a, a niiniae oa?iaeieia?/ii?
ei?aeoe?? iane?aee?a ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai
oaeoi?o ia a iiaiiio ianyci ioiieththoue ani ?a/iaeie, yeei oa?aeoa?ia
iioaioeieia i?ioaeoi?ia aeoeaiinoue. Oiio ia?niaeoeaiei ? ?ic?iaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiene/ieo, i?eaeaoieo aei o?eaaeiai canoinoaaiiy
i?aia?ao?a, ui i?ioeaeithoue aieueii?aaeeeaeueiei i?ioeanai,
aeoeaothoue caoeni? neee i?aai?cio, caeaoii aei aeaaaeaiiy oiene/ieo
niieoe a oiiaao ae?? ii?ii?iaiiy oa i?e eiia?iiaaiiio
?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiio aieea?. Aei neeaaeo oaeeo i?aia?ao?a aeioe?eueii
aaiaeeoe niieoee c a?aeiieie aioe?aaeeeaeueieie oa aioeoiene/ieie
aeanoeainoyie: a?oai?ie (oieioa?ie, ?aoeiie ? ea?ioeii?aee),
i?e?iaeaiaioe (naeai, oeeie) [A.A.Aa?aaie oa ni?aaao., 1994],
aeoii?ioaeoi?e oa aioea?iienaioe (aai?oee, oiia?cie) [N.A.Na?aaeeiei,
A.Ae.Aeo?iaa, 1992], ni?aaioe [E.A.Iei/oe, e niaao. 1990;
E.E.Aeaaeaiei e niaao., 1996].

A inoaiii ?iee aeineiaeaeo?oueny iiaeeeainoue aeei?enoaiiy
ni?aaioia ye iin??a aeoeaieo e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei. Aeiaaaeaia
iiaeeeainoue iiaeaeuaiiy ni?aaioaie aniieooaaiiy eiea?nueeeo
i?aia?ao?a aeayeeo oiii/ieo a?oi o oeoieiai-eeoeiaiio o?aeoi
[A.A.Iaiothe e niaao., 1993]. Oiio ia?niaeoeaiei ? aea/aiiy
i?ioaeoi?ieo aeanoeainoae eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?aoia, noai?aieo ia
iniiai aenieiaeenia?niiai e?aiiacaio neeea?aeo oa i?aia?ao?a c
aioeieneaeaioieie aeanoeainoyie. Aeioeieueiei aeaeyaea? aeineiaeaeaiiy
aieeao oeeo i?aia?ao?a ia i?ioeane IIE i ii?oieia?/ii-ooieoe?iiaeueii
ci?ie ia/?iee a oiiaao ae?? iiiicoth/i? ?aaeiaoei?, a oaeiae
eiia?iiaaiiai aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciniieoe.

Maoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a, ui
ii?aeiothoue aioeieneaeaioi? oa ni?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? aeey ei?aeoe??
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i ia/?iee i?e ?aae?aoe?eiiio oa
?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiio o?aaeaii?.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo i?ioei?iiaiaai? aoaeoeaiino?
eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a oa ?o neeaaeiaeo a oiiaao iaeii?aciaiai
oioaeueiiai ii?ii?iaiiy uo??a.

2. Aea/eoe aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? eiia?iiaaieie i?aia?aoaie
ii?oieia?/iiai noaio oa a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ia/?iee uo??a a
oiiaao o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy.

3. Aea/eoe aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? eiia?iiaaieie i?aia?aoaie
ii?oieia?/iiai noaio oa a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ia/?iee uo??a a
oiiaao ii?aeiaii? ae?? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiia?aaeiee?a
i?o?iciai?i?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

1. Iieacaii, ui eiiaiiiaaia aeiy o?aeoeiiiiaaiiai ii?iiiiaiiy oa
iiia?aaeieeia i?o?iciaiiiia cia/ii iineeth?
no?oeoo?iiooieoeiiiaeueii ciiie a ia/iioei o ii??aiyii? c ?cieueiaaiei
aieeaii ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa o?i?/iiai /eiiee?a: aieueoeo ianooaaia
aeinyaathoue aeueoa?aoeaii yaeua, aeoeao?oueny ?icaeoie ina?aaee?a
i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aiaieu aeenieanoe/ieo aaiaoioeeo?a,
ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny c?inoaiiyi aiinoo oinoie?i?ae?a (OE),
aeoeaaoe??th aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace (AO) i aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace
(AAO).

2. Iniaeeainoth ?aaeoei? ia/iiee i?e aei? iiia?aaeieeia i?o?iciai?i?a ?
i?eai?/aiiy i?ioeania ?aaaia?aoe??, i?i ui naiae/eoue
aiaenooiinoue c?inoaiiy eieueeinoi aeaiyaea?ieo oa iie?iei?aeieo
aaiaoioeeoia.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaia aoaeoeaiinoue aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo
eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?aoia “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” a oiiaao
e?noeiai-iiceiai? oi?ie aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae, aieeao
o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ? eiia?iiaaiiai aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy oa
iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a.

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aeiaaaeaia iiae?ai?noue iaoaiiciia ?icaeoeo i?iiaiaaeo i
iio?iciaiiiiaeo o?aaeaiue ia/iiee (a naia: aeoeaaoeiy ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, iiaeaeuaiiy aeoeaiinoi oa?iaioia, yei aa?ooue
o/anoue a iaoaaiei/iie aeaa?aaeaoei? enaiiaiioeeia oa ciaoeiaeaeaii?
“?aae?aoe?eieo oienei?a”).

Eiia?iiaaiee aieea o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa
iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo neia?a?/ieo
aoaeo?a iaoieiai? ia/?iee o aeaeyae? i?aeaeuaii? aeoeaaoe??
i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa cii aeenieanoe/ieo aaiaoioeeo?a,
aeoeaaoe?? aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace.

3. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a, ui ii?aeiothoue
ni?aoe?ei? oa aioeieneaeaioi? aeanoeaino? ni?ey? ciaioaiith
eaoaeueiino? uo??a a oiiaao aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae, aoaeoeaii
i?ioeaei? ?icaeoeo ye i?iiaiaaeo, oae i ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/ieo
iioeiaeaeaiue ia/iiee.

4. Aeei?enoai? eiia?iiaai? i?aia?aoe, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue
aenieiaeenia?niee e?aiiacaiiee ni?aaio neeea?ae oa aa??aioe
aioeieneaeaio?a aieiae?thoue a?eueoith i?ioaeoi?iith aoaeoeai?noth, i?ae
neeaaeia?, ui iiaea aooe iniiaith aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ee?ii/io i?aeoeeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ye
aaiaoii?ioaeoi??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? aoee iioae?eiaai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi o oacao oa o
ni?aaaoi?noa? o noaooyo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue. An? aoaie iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Ieaioaaiiy aoai?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii. Aiae?c ia?aeiiiai
iaoa??aeo, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiaee ?iaioe c?iaeai?
naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a a i?aeoeeo

Eiia?iiaai? i?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” i?ieoee noaae?th
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aaaaeai? a iaa/aeueiee eo?n eaoaae? i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiinoeee oa
i?iiaiaai? oa?ai??, a oaeiae iaoieia?/ii? aiaoii?? A?iieoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e
i?iaaaeaii? caiyoue c ee?ie/ieie i?aeeiaoi?aie oa e?ea?yie-?ioa?iaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny
ia ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoeiai?ii? oaoiieia?? iiaea?eiiai
cia/aiiy” (Ee?a, 1994), 9-io eiia?an? ?aae?ieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1995),
2-io c’?cae? ?aae?ia?ieia?a Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1995),
can?aeaiiyo iaeanieo oiaa?enoa oa?iaeieia?a, ?aae?ieia?a-?aioaaiieia?a,
iaoieiaiaiaoii?a (A?iieoey, 1996, 1997, 1998), iaeani?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue oa caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy
iaeano?” (A?iieoey, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o. C ieo: 5 — a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 — a oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, 3-o
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, ui i?noeoue 339 aeaea?ae. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 188
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 24 oaaeeoe? oa 33 ?enoiea.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia 1782 a?eeo uo?ao-naioeyo ianith 180-200 a.
Ii?ii?iaiiy i?iaiaeeee aia?aoii ?OI-17. Oiiae iaeii?aciaiai ii?ii?iaiiy:
iai?oaa 200 eV, neea no?oio 10 iA, oe??yiioieonia a?aenoaiue — 60 ni,
o?eueo?e — 0.5ii Ne + 1ii Al, iiooaei?noue aeniiceoe?eii? aeice —
77.1o10-EeoOa./ea, noia?i? iiaeeioo? aeice — 3 A?, 5 A?, 7 A?, 9 A?.
Oiiae o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy: iai?oaa 200 eV, neea no?oio — 10
iA, oe??yiioieonia a?aenoaiue — 80 ni, o?eueo?e — 0.5 ii Ne + 1 ii Al,
iiooaei?noue aeniiceoe?eii? aeice — 40.5o10- EeoOa./ea, noia?ia
iiaeeiaia aeica — 5 A? (?aciaa iiaeeiooa aeica — 0.2 A?/aeiao, i?ioyaii
25 ae?a) oa 1 A? (0,1 A? /a?ac aeiao i?ioyaii 20 ae?a).

Aeey aea/aiiy iane?aee?a eiia?iiaaii? ae?? ?aae?aoe?? oa
iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a iaeii/anii i?iaiaeeee o?aeoe?iiiaaia
?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 5 A? oa
aioo?ioiueioeoieiaa aaaaeaiiy iiia?aaeieeia i?o?iciai?i?a — (noi?o?
ai?aeii??eio oa i?o?eoo iao??th o aeicao 50 ia/ea oa 25 ia/ea
a?aeiia?aeii) /a?ac aeiao i?ioyaii ia??iaeo ii?ii?iaiiy. Noi?o
iiia?aaeiee?a caa/anii i?o?icoaaee, a o oeoiie uo??a aaiaeeee i?iaeoeoe
oe??? ?aaeoe??. Oae? oiiae noai?ththoue iaeneiaeueiee aeo?ae
N-i?o?iciae?iao?eai?ia, ui iaaeeaea?oueny aei 100%, uiaei ai?aeii??eio
[Takeda Y., Kanaya H., 1982].

Ei?aeoe?th ?aae?aoe?eieo oa eiia?iiaaieo ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/ieo
o?aaeaiue i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith i?aia?ao?a oaeiai neeaaeo:

a) e?aiiacaiiee ni?aaio neeea?ae (ae?iaieoeoai ?inoeoooo o?i??
iiaa?oi? IAIO) o aeic? 100 ia/ea;

a) a?oai?iii-i?e?iaeaiaioiee eiiieaen, aei neeaaeo yeiai oa?eoee:
aaoa-ea?ioei (ae?iaieoeoai Aa?oiueiaei?i?ianueeiai e?ioiaeuei-iaoi/iiai
eiia?iaoo) — 2 ia/ea, aeueoa-oieioa?iea aoeaoao (oa?iaeiiaeiee
i?aia?ao) — 30 ia/ea oa naeai?o iao??th — 0.2 ia/ea;

a) i?aia?ao “A” aai “a?oanae”. Aei neeaaeo i?aia?aoa oa?eoee:
neeea?ae — 25 a, aeueoa-oieioa?iea aoeaoao — 5 a, aaoa-ea?ioei — 0,5 a,
a?ae?inaeai?o iao??y — 0,05 a. Uo?ai i?aia?ao “A” aaiaeeee c
?ic?aooieo : neeea?ae o aeic? 100 ia/ea, aaoa-ea?ioei — 2 ia/ea,
aeueoa-oieioa?ie — 30 ia/ea oa naeai?o iao??th — 0,2 ia/ea).

a) aai?oee, o aeic? 20 ia/ea;

ae) i?aia?ao “I” aai “iaoieai”. Aei neeaaeo i?aia?aoa oa?eoee
neeea?ae oa aai?oee o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 5:1. Uo?ai i?aia?ao “I” aaiaeeee
c ?ic?aooieo: neeea?ae o aeic? 100 ia/ea, aaiioee o aeic? 20 ia/ea).

E?ea?nuee? i?aia?aoe “A” oa “I” aeaioiaeai?, a ?o oa?iaeieia?/i?
aeanoeaino? aea/ai? a noi?ni?e iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i?e eaai?aoi??? ?OI IAI
Oe?a?ie ? A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Ca aeaieie
e?oa?aoo?e, aaaaeaiiy aenieiaeenia?niiai e?aiiacaio cia/ii ca?eueoo?
aniieooaaiiy c oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo e?ea?nueeeo ?a/iaei, o oiio
/ene? iiaaii?ic/eiieo, i?e iaeii/aniiio ?o aaaaeaii? [A.A.Iaiothe e
niaao., 1993]. Oaeee niin?a ia? nooo?a? ia?aaaae: aeicaiey? ciaioeoe
aeico i?aia?aoa, oa ye iane?aeie — aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy; cieaeaiiy aeice
aeicaieeoue ciaioeoe e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue oa iia?/ieo aoaeo?a, ui
iia’ycai? c aaaaeaiiyi i?aia?aoa; aeey ?yaeo i?aia?ao?a iiaeeeaa cai?ia
?iooc?eieo iaoiae?a aaaaeaiiy ia ia?i?aeuei?. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo
iaie aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii, ui aaaaeaiiy neeea?aea aei neeaaeo
i?aia?aoo “A” ca?eueoo? aniieooaaiiy aaoa-ea?ioeio oa aeueoa-oieioa?ieo
c o?aaiiai o?aeoo uo??a.

A oiiaao aino?iai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aea/aeany
i?ioei?iiaiaaa aeoeai?noue an?o i?aia?ao?a, o aeine?aeao c
o?aeoe?iiiaaiei ?aioaai?anueeei ii?ii?iaiiyi oa a oiiaao
?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai aieeao ioe?ithaaeany ae?y eiia?iiaaieo
i?aia?ao?a “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai”. Iaoiaeeea aaaaeaiiy
i?ioei?iiaiaaeo i?aia?ao?a iieyaaea o oiio, ui c ii?ioeiiiae?aieo
e?ea?nueeeo oi?i aiooaaee 3-5% aiaei? noi?o? oa c?aco ae aaiaeeee ?o
oaa?eiai aioo??oiueioeoieiai ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaeaaiai ciiaea. O
aino?iio aeine?ae? i?aia?aoe aaiaeeee ca 10 ae?a aei ii?ii?iaiiy oa
i?ioyaii 10 ae?a i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy. I?e o?aeoe?iiiaaiiio ii?ii?iaii?
oa i?e eiia?iiaaiiio ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiio o?aaeaii? i?aia?aoe
aaiaeeee o oeo aea aeicao, i?ioyaii onueiai ia??iaeo ii?ii?iaiiy /a?ac
aeiao.

I?ney iaeii?aciaiai ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei niinoa??aaee i?ioyaii 1
i?nyoey. I?e iiaeeiaieo aeicao 5 A?, 7 A?, 9 A? aea/aee 30-aeiaiao
eaoaeuei?noue, ae?aoiaoaaee aeice ii?ii?iaiiy, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei
caaeaae? 50 a?aenioe?a oaa?ei ca 30 ae?a (EAe-50/30), oaeoi? ci?ie aeice
(OCAe), ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee caoenoo (?IC) i?aia?ao?a; i?e
iiaeeiaieo aeicao 3 A?, 5 A?, 7 A? i?iaiaeeee a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy;
i?e iiaeeiai?e aeic? 5 A? — ii?oieia?/i?. I?ney o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai
ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 5 A? oa eiia?iiaaii? ae?? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai
ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 5 A? oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee i?ioyaii 9 i?nyoe?a; i?ney o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai
ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 1 A? — i?ioyaii 6 i?nyoe?a.

Aeaeai?oaoe?th uo??a i?iaiaeeee i?ae ao??iei ia?eicii. Iaeyaeiaa
i?e?ineii?y i?aia?aoia ia/iiee i?iaiaeeeanue i?e oa?aoaaii?
aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii, aea??eiai i?aia?aoe oa?aoaaee noaeaiii-???.
I?iaiaeeee ii?oiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia/?iee (o900)
[A.A.Aaoaiaeeeia, 1990]. Iaoa??ae aeey aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?enoaaee o 1% ?ic/ei? oao?aieneaeo ini?th c
i?ao?enaoe??th 2,5% ?ic/eiii aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo, aeaioiaeaiiai
ia 0,1 I oinoaoiiio aooa?? (?I 7,4) i?ioyaii 2 aiaeei. I?ney
a?aeieaaiiy o oinoaoiiio aooa?? oiaoi/ee oeaieie ciaaiaeithaaee o
nie?oao c eiioeaio?aoe??th, ui c?inoa?, oa aoeaoii?, a iio?i caeeaaee
o a?aeae?o. Oeueo?aoiie? c??ce aeaioiaeyee ia oeueo?ai?e?ioii?
LKB-4800 (Oaaoe?y), eiio?anooaaee o?ai?eaoeaoaoii oa oeeo?aoii
naeioeth. Iaeyae oa oioia?aooaaiiy c??c?a i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?iiiiai i?e?inei?o IAI-100.

Noaee?oeii? o?aeoe?? ia/?iee io?eioaaee ca a?aeiieie iaoiaeaie
[E.E.Ea?oceia, A.E.A?/aeia, 1977]. Aiino iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo
(IAeA) aea/aee i?ney ?ieoaaoe?? i?e?iniiii? o?aeoe?? c anei?a?iiaith
eeneioith [TH.A.Aeaaeeie?ia, A.E.A?/aeia, 1972]. Ai?no a?eea aecia/aee
i?e?ia?o?aoiaei iaoiaeii [A.A.Ei/aoia, 1980]. Eiioeaio?aoe?th OE
ioe?ithaaee ca ?o caeaoi?noth ooai?thaaoe a?ae?ioiai? eiiieaene c
oa??io?ioeeaiaoii aiii?th [A.A.Iaiothe ? niaao., 1987]. Aeoeai?noue
a??eanoa?ace (EO 3.1.1.2) aei??thaaee ca ciaioaiiyi noano?aoo, ui
aecia/aany o ?aaeoe?? Oano?eia [A.A.Iie?ianeee, A.E.A?/aeia,
1968]. ?ieoaaoe?eia na?aaeiaeua iaei o nai?io neeaae? oai?eaoeaoao oa
?ia?a?oi? oie?ianoa?ace oa ae?eanoa?ace ia?aienii. Aeoeai?noue AO (EO
2.5.1.18.) ioe?ithaaee ca ooai?thaaiiyi eii’thaao?a c
1-oei?-2,4-ae?i?o?iaaicieii [Habig, Jacobi, 1981], AAO (EO 2.3.2.) — ca
aea?eueiaiiyi ia?a-i?o?iai?e?io c aaia-aeooai?e-ia?a-i?o?iai?e?aea
[Ceriotti, De Nadai-Frank, 1972]. Caaaeueio o?aeoe?th na?aaei?o iieaeoe
a ne?iaaooe? aecia/aee ne?ei?iaiaei iaoiaeii i?e inaaeaeoaaii? a?ee?a
10% OOO c iiaeaeueoith aeaoaeoe??th ?icaaaeaii? o 10 ?ac?a
iaaeinaaeaeoaaeueii? ?a/iaeie i?e aeiaaeei? oaee? 254 ii
[I.E.Aaa?eyeyi, 1983]. Eiioeaio?aoeith oieioa?ieo aecia/aee ii ?aaeoe??
Aiia??-Aiaaey. Ai?no naeaio eiio?iethaaee e?iaoe/iei iaoiaeii o
i?ia?ae?ciaai?e iaaaaeoe? [I.A.Ao?aiaiei e niaao., 1985]. I?ae /an
?iaioe aeei?enoai? a?aeiiaeaiee oa ieeneaiee aeooao?ii,
aaia-aeooai?e-ia?a-i?o?iai?e?ae o??ie “Chemapol” (*ao?y). ?io? ?aaeoeae
aoee a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa eaae?o?eaoe?? “/aea”, “o/”, aai “/”.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a i?aeeyaaee noaoenoe/?e
ia?iaoe?. A??ia?aei? a?aei?ie i?ae aa??aoe?eieie aea??eaie aecia/aeeny
ca e?eoa???i No’thaeaioa, /?oea
ae?aooaaiiy cia/aiiy ??cieo /anoie i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii O?oa?a i?e
?<0,05 [A.A.Aoaea?, 1978]. ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee caoenoo ae?aoiaoany ca iaoiaeii N?iiniia [A.I.Aieei e niaao., 1997]. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy Aieea i?ioei?iiaiaaeo i?aia?ao?a a oiiaao iaeii?aciaiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy O aeei?enoai?e iaie iiaeae? aino?iai ?aae?aoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?aioaai?anueeei aei?ii?iaiiyi iiaeeiai? aeice aeeeeeathoue ?icaeoie e?noeiai-iiceiai? oi?ie aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae (AIO). Aecia/aii, ui 30-aeiaiaa eaoaeuei?noue i?e iaeii?aciaiio ?aiaai?anueeiio ii?ii?iaii? ia? aeicicaeaaeiee oa?aeoa? (oaae.1), EAe-50/30 aei??aith? iiaeeioo?e aeic? 5.4 A?. I?e AIO aeicicaeaaeii aeoeaothoueny i?ioeane IIE, ciaioo?oueny ai?no OE, a oaeiae i?eai?/o?oueny aeoeai?noue a??eanoa?ace o ia/?ioe? uo??a, i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue iieaeoe na?aaeiuei? iane o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?icaeoie aiaeioieneeico. Aeoeaaoe?y IIE ? aaaeeeaith oa caaaeueiith iciaeith ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy ia/?iee [Nakajima T, Yukawa O., 1996]. A oiiaao AIO o ia/?ioe? aeieeathoue ii?oieia?/i? ci?ie o aeaeyae?: noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue; aoeeaeio?eueii? aeaaaia?aoe?? oa a?ae?ii?/ii? aeeno?io?? aaiaoioeeo?a; iiyae oieaeueieo, iiiioeaeethey?ieo oa a?oiiaeo iae?ic?a c iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii aaiaoeoo; ciii ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia aaiaoioeeo?a - ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a ee?oei oa ciaioaiiy Oaaeeoey 1. Aieea i?aia?ao?a ia eaoaeuei?noue uo??a (%), EAe 50/30 (A?), oaeoi? ci?ie aeice, ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee caoenoo i?aia?ao?a a oiiaao AIO Ii?ii?- Neeea?ae A?oai?iiee Aai?oee I?aia?ao I?aia?ao iaiiy eiiieaen “a?oanae” “iaoieai” % oaa- 5 A? 36,7 30,0 26,7 26,7 13,3 10,0* ?ei, ui 7 A? 80,0 70,0 63,3 60,0 43,3* 40,0* caaeioee 9 A? 90,0 90,0 70,0 66,7 70,0 66,7 EAe-50/30 5,4 5,8 6,2 6,3 7,1 7,4 OCAe --- 1,07 1,15 1,17 1,32* 1,37* ?IC --- 0,08 0,16 0,19 0,32* 0,35* I?ei?oea: ciaeii (*) icia/ai? a??ia?aei? ?ica?aeiino? aaee/ei o ii??aiyii? eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a c a?aeiia?aeieie neeaaeiaeie (?<0,05). ?ici???a ?o yaea? ? yaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/iiai a?aeiioaiiy. I?e aeaeo?iii?e i?e?ineii?? anoaiiaeaii, ui a ia?o? no?iee i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy o yae?ao aaiaoioeeo?a aecia/a?oueny i?ina?oeaiiy ea??iieacie, a?oaeeoaaiiy o?iiaoeio, iaa?ye oa ?oeioaaiiy yaea?ieo iaia?ai, ?icoe?aiiy yaea?ieo ii?, niinoa??aa?oueny iaa?ye oeeoiieacie, ?oeioaaiiy iaia?ai i?oioiiae??e oa oeenoa?i a?aioey?iiai aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio (AI?). Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a i?aai?ci uo??a neeea?aeo, a?oai?iii-i?e?iaeaiaioiiai eiiieaeno, aai?oeeo, a oaeiae eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ca?eueooaaei aeaeeaaiiy uo??a. Ii?aeiaiiy a iaeio e?ea?nueeo oi?io i?aia?ao?a c ni?aoe?eiei oa aioeieneaeaioiei ni?yioaaiiyi i?aeneeth? i?ioei?iiaiaa? aeanoeaino? noai?aieo eiia?iaoe?e ca iieacieeaie EAe-50/30, OCAe oa ?IC (oaae.1). I?e aea/aii? a aeeiai?oe? a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a anoaiiaeaii, ui aaaaeaiiy uo?ai eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a a??ia?aeii ciaiooaaei ??aaiue aiaeioieneeico a e?ia?, aaeueioaaei aeoeaaoe?th IIE o ia/?ioe? ia ii/aoeia? no?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy (?en.1), i?ioeae?yei ciaioaiith ai?noo OE o i?e?iniiao, eieeaaiiyi aeoeaiino? AO, i?eai?/aiith aeoeaiino? a??eanoa?ace ia/?iee o ii?ii?iaieo oaa?ei. Aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a a oiiaao AIO ciaiooaaei ii?oieia?/i? iane?aeee ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao. Iaea?eueo nooo?aa ei?aeoe?y ii?oieia?/iiai noaio ia/?iee uo??a ca aeaieie iaeyaeiai?, aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii?? oa ii?oiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeciaia o eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai”. I?aia?ao “a?oanae” e?aua ca “iaoieai” i?ioeae?ya ?icaeoeo noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue, aea inoaii?e ?noioi?oa caiia?aaa ?oeioaaiith yaea?ieo, i?oioiiae??aeueieo iaia?ai oa AI? o ee?oeiao ia/?iee. Aieea eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ia noai ia/?iee a oiiaao o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy O?aeoe?iiiaaia ii?ii?iaiiy (noia?ia aeica 5 A?) i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo ii?oiooeoe?iiaeueieo ci?i ia/?iee o aeaeyae? o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo c iciaeaie a?ae?ii?/ii? oa aee?iai? aeeno?io??, iioeiaeaeaiue i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, ?icaeoeo iae?ioe/ieo i?ioean?a. Ii?oiiao?e/i? ci?ie aaiaoioeeo?a iieyaathoue o ca?eueoaii? ?ici???a yaea?, ?ici???a ee?oei oa ciaioaii? yaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/iiai a?aeiioaiiy. O a?aeaeaeai? no?iee o ia/?ioe? i?ioiaeeoue ?icaeoie o?a?ico, ooai?aiiy ina?aaee?a i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aoeiiaeo aaiaoioeeo?a. Cia/aiiy i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a iieyaa? o iiaeeea?e ?? iiaeaeueo?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? o aaeaiiie ia/?iee [Iineaeaa TH.E., ?EN.1. AIEEA I?AIA?AO?A IA AI?NO IAEIIIAIAI Ae?AEUeAeAA?AeO O IA*?IOe? (A) OA AI?NO IIEAEOE NA?AAeIUeI? IANE (A) O NE?IAAOOe? E?IA? UO??A IA 3-O AeIAO I?NEss AINO?IAI II?II?IAIIss O AeICAO 3 A?, 5 A?, 7 A?. I?EI?OEA: CIAEII * IICIA*AIA ??CIEOess I?AE UO?AIE, ssEEO E?EOAAEE EIIA?IIAAIEIE I?AIA?AOAIE OA UO?AIE, ssEEI AAIAeEEE NEEAAeIA? EIIA?IIAAIEO I?AIA?AO?A 1991]. O?aeoe?iiiaaia ii?ii?iaiiy (noia?ia iiaeeiooa aeica 5 A?) aeoeao? i?ioeane IIE - ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no IAeA, aeieeathoue eieeaaiiy ai?noo OE, niinoa?iaa?oueny i?eai?/aiiy aeoeaiino? a??eanoa?ace, aeoea?caoe?y AO oa AAO o ee?oeiao ia/?iee. I?e o?aeoe?iiiaaiiio ii?ii?iaii? o noia?i?e aeic? 1 A? niinoa??aaeeny yaeua ii?ooaiiy i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? eeoa a iiiaeeiieeo ia/?ieiaeo aeieueeao, c caa?aaeaiiyi a?noia?o?oaeoii?ee inoaiiio. Iae?ioe/i? ciiie i?aaenoaaeai? iiiioeaeethey?ieie iae?icaie, oa o?eueee aeaye? ia/?ieia? aeieueee ?io?eueo?iaai? iae?ioaaaie. Ia aeeaey/enue ia ciaioaiiy o?aeoe?iiiaaii? aeice c 5 A? aei 1 A?, o ee?oeiao ia/?iee caa??aa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y IIE, ci?ie aeoeaiino? a??eanoa?ace, AO, AAO. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeai? i?i oa, ui aeooao?iicaeaaeia nenoaia aeaoieneeaoe?? ee?oei ? /ooeeaith o eaioethao iaoaaie?cio a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy [?aaa A.Ae. e niaao., 1995]. Iia? eiia?iiaai? i?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” a oiiaao o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy (noia?ia aeica 5 A?) i?ioeae?yee ?icaeoeo o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo, o?a?icieo ci?i, ii?ooaiue i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, ciaioeee e?euee?noue oaa?ei c ina?aaeeaie aeenieac?? aaiaoioeeo?a. I?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” ni?eyee aeoeaaoei? i?ioeania ?aaaia?aoe?? (oaae.2), i?i ui aiai?eoue cia/ia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? aeaiyaea?ieo aaiaoioeeo?a oa aaiaoioeeo?a c aaeeeeie yae?aie o ii??aiyii? ye c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, oae ? c a?oiith ii?ii?iaiiy. I?aia?ao “iaoieai” aeyaeany aieueo aoaeoeaiei ii aiaeiioaiith aei ii?iaeicaoei? ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieacieeia oa a??ia?aeii ca?eueooaaa ieiuo yaea? aaiaoioeeo?a (oaae.2). I?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” ciaiooaaee aeoeaaoe?th IIE, i?ioeae?yee eieeaaiiyi ai?noo OE, aeoeaaoe?? AO oa AAO o ee?oeiao ia/?iee, oaeei /eiii, aeyaeyee aaiaoii?ioaeoi?i? aeanoeaino?. I?aia?aoe “A” oa “I” a oiiaao o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 1 A? cia/ii ciaiooaaee aeueoa?aoeai? ci?ie aaiaoioeeo?a, iciaee iioeiaeaeaiiy i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, i?ioeae?yee ?icaeoeo iae?ioe/ieo ci?i oa iae?ioaaaeuei?e ?io?eueo?aoe??. I?aia?ao “I” e?aua ei?aaoaaa ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee aaiaoioeeo?a. Aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a ciaiooaaei aeoeaaoe?th i?ioean?a IIE, ii?iae?coaaei aeoeai?noue a??eanoa?ace, AO, AAO o ee?oeiao ia/?iee uo??a. Aieea eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ia noai ia/?iee uo??a i?e ii?aeiai?e ae?? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a I?e eiia?iiaaiiio aieea? ii?ii?iaiiy oa i?o?iciniieoe iiaeeeaee ?icaeoie ye neia?a?/ieo, oae ? aioaaii?noe/ieo aoaeo?a, a ca- Oaaeeoey 2. Aieea i?aia?ao?a ia ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee ia/?iee uo??a, ui caciaee ae?? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy o noia?i?e aeic? 5.0 A? I?nyoeue Eiio?ieue Ii?ii?iaiiy Ii?ii?iaiiy + Ii?ii?iaiiy + ? i?aia?ao “A” i?aia?ao “I” Ieiua aaiaoioeeo?a (ea. iei.) 1 251.88+17.78 416.18+10.86* 286.21+22.14 274.42+12.05 3 250.11+16.02 426.01+13.80* 280.14+20.23 282.46+14.23 6 248.86+17.90 447.40+25.52* 276.04+22.05 288.05+14.12 Ieiua yaea? aaiaoioeeo?a (ea. iei.) 1 38.22+1.22 42.88+1.19* 40.14+2.28 45.15+2.06* 3 38.25+1.21 44.23+2.82 41.17+2.20 44.22+1.45* 6 38.59+1.25 46.94+4.56 44.57+1.95 44.05+1.46* ssaea?ii-oeeoiieaciaoe/ia a?aeiioaiiy aaiaoioeeo?a 1 0.179+0.01 0.115+0.01* 0.163+0.015 0.195+0.02 3 0.181+0.02 0.116+0.015* 0.172+0.02 0.186+0.01 6 0.183+0.01 0.117+0.01* 0.193+0.015 0.180+0.01 Ai?no aaiaoioeeo?a c aaeeeeie yae?aie (%) 1 2.80+0.40 3.91+0.27* 7.43+0.48* 8.05+0.53* 3 2.81+0.49 4.62+0.31* 7.86+0.34* 8.61+0.72* 6 2.86+0.46 5.81+0.54* 8.93+0.42* 8.98+0.95* Ai?no aeaiyaea?ieo aaiaoioeeo?a (%) 1 6.42+0.84 7.25+0.64 13.11+0.45* 10.88+0.56* 3 6.52+0.81 8.12+0.58 13.65+0.60* 13.05+0.59* 6 6.75+0.82 9.75+0.64* 14.12+0.48* 14.42+0.67* I?ei?oea: ciaeii * icia/ai? noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? ?ica?aeiino? na?aaei?o aaee/ei o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai (?<0,05). eaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee ii?ii?iaiiy oa o?i?/iiai aaaioo, a oaeiae iniaeeainoae ?o aieeao [Aaeaiei I.I., 1994]. O iaoeo aeine?aeao eiia?iiaaia ae?y ii?ii?iaiiy ? iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoeaaoe?? i?ioean?a IIE, i?eai?/aiiy aeoeaiino? a??eanoa?ace o ee?oeiao ia/?iee ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao niinoa?aaeaiiy, c iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo, o?a?ico i?aaio, i?eaii/aiiyi i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe??. Aiane?aeie aaaaeaiiy i?o?iciai?i?a, o ia/?ioe? i?ioiaeeoue ?icaeoie i?ie?oa?aoeaieo yaeu o i?ioieao, aeenieac?? aaiaoioeeo?a, o?a?ico i?aaio [Burr AW et al., 1996; Kamano T et al., 1996]. O iaoeo aeine?aeao ii?aeiaia ae?y o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa o?i?/iiai /eiieea i?ecaaea aei aeieeiaiiy neia?a?cio o iiya? ina?aaee?a i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aoeiiaeo aaiaoioeeo?a o ia/?ioe? oaa?ei ia 6-e i?nyoeue niinoa?aaeaiiy. Oae, aiane?aeie ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai aieeao, ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue oaa?ei c i?ie?oa?oth/eie aeia/ieie i?ioieaie oa iciaeaie aeenieanoe/ieo ci?i aaiaoioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii o aeaa ?ace oa o aeaa c iieiaeiith ?ace i?e ii??aiyii? c a?oiith ii?ii?iaiiy, a i?e ii??aiyii? c a?oiith iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciniieoe - a?aeiia?aeii oo?e/? oa o i?aoi?a ?ace. A?io?i?/i? ci?ie o a?aeaeaeai? no?iee iieyaaee o ca?eueoaii? ai?noo oinoie?i?ae?a, aeoeaaoe?? aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace oa aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace o ee?oeiao ia/?iee. Ci?ie ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a aaiaoioeeo?a i?iyaeyeeny o ca?eueoaii? ?o ieiu? oa ciaioaii? yaea?ii-ee?oeiiiai aiaeiioaiiy. Aoaeoeai?noue iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” i?e noi?ni?e ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa o?i?/iiai /eiieea i?iyaey?oueny o cia/iiio ciaioaii? iciae o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo, o?a?ico ia/?iee uo??a. Eiea?nueei oi?ie i?ioeae?yee ii?ooaiiyi i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, aeueoa?aoeaiei ciiiai o ia/?ioe?. O a?oi? oaa?ei, yeei aaiaeeee i?aia?ao “a?oanae”, ciaioeeany e?euee?noue oaa?ei c iciaeaie i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aeenieanoe/ieie ci?iaie aaiaoioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii ia 30% oa 60%; i?e aaaaeaii? i?aia?aoo “iaoieai” ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? oaa?ei c a?aeiia?aeieie ci?iaie noaiiaeei 50% oa 60%. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?ao?a “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” aeoea?ciaoaaei ?aaaia?aoeai? i?ioeane a ia/?ioe?, ii?iae?ciaoaaei ii?oiiao?e/i? iieacieee aaiaoioeeo?a, ciaiooaaei aeoeaaoe?th i?ioean?a IIE, i?ioeae?yei eieeaaiith ai?noo OE, i?eai?/aiith aeoeaiino? a??eanoa?ace, aeoeaaoe?? AO oa AAO o ee?oeiao ia/?iee oaa?ei i?ney ii?aeiaii? ae?? o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciai?i?a. ?acthia. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui a oiiaao aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae ?icaeoeo i?iiaiaai? iaoieia?? ia/?iee iaea?eueo aeoeaii i?ioeae?thoue iia? eiia?iiaai? i?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai”. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a ii ei?aeoe?? eiia?iiaaieie i?aia?aoaie ii?oiooieoe?eiiai noaio ia/?iee a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai o?aaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy i?ioei?iiaiaaeo aeanoeainoae i?aia?ao?a aioeieneaeaioiiai oa ni?aoeeeiiai ni?yioaaiiy i?e aeei?enoaii? ?o o iaei?e e?ea?nuee?e oi?i?. Iaea?eueoee aoaeo ia ii?iae?caoe?th ii?oiooieoe?eiiai noaio ia/?iee a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai oa ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai aieeao aecia/aii o i?aia?aoa “iaoieai”. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a aeiaiaeyoue, ui iaoai?cie ae?? eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ia ia/?ieo ?aae?cothoueny ia a?io?i?/iiio ? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?eiiio ??aiyo. Aiie iieyaathoue o aaeueioaaii? a?eueii?aaeeeaeueieo i?ioean?a, ii?iae?caoe?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai, noaa?e?caoe?? no?oeoo?e a?iiaia?ai, ciaioaii? aeeno?io?/ieo ci?i oa aeoeaaoe?? i?ioean?a ?aaaia?aoe?? o ia/?ioe?. AENIIAEE 1. Noi?nia aeiy o?aeoeiiiiaaiiai ?aioaaiianueeiai ii?iiiiaiiy a noia?i?e aeic? 5 A? oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciniieoe i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo neia?ai/ieo aoaeo?a aiaeiinii iiyae ina?aaee?a i?ieioa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aoeiiaeo aaiaoioeeo?a, ye? i?ioiaeyoue ia oii? o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo, i?eaii/aiiy i?ioeania ?aaaia?aoe??, o?a?ico ia/?iee. 2. Ii?aeiaiiy ae?? o?aeoeiiiiaaiiai ?aioaaiianueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy a noia?i?e aeic? 5 A? oa iiia?aaeiee?a i?o?iciniieoe i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/ii a?eueoeo ii?ooaiue a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o ia/?ioe? i?e ii??aiyii? c aoaeoaie ie?aii? ae?? oeeo /eiiee?a, a naia: aeoeaaoe?? aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace oa ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo oinoie?i?ae?a o ee?oeiao ia/?iee. 3. Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?aoia “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” a oiiaao einoeiaiiiceiai? oi?ie aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith aeaeeaa?iino? oaa?ei; aaeueio? i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ii?iae?co? aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace oa a??eanoa?ace ia/?iee. Ii?aeiaiiy a iaei?e e?ea?nuee?e oi?i? i?aia?ao?a aioeieneaeaioiiai oa ni?aoe?eiiai ni?yioaaiiy ca?eueoo? ?o i?ioei?iiaiaaee iioaioe?ae a oiiaao aino?i? i?iiaiaai? oai?iae ca e??oa???i EAe-50/30, ii?oieiai/ieie oa a?io?i?/ieie iieacieeaie a ii??aiyii? c aoaeoii ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a. 4. Canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaieo i?ioei?iiaiaaeo i?aia?aoia “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” ciaioo? iane?aeee o?aeoeiiiiaaiiai ii?iiiiaiiy o ia/?ioe?: ii?iaeico? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee, ni?ey? aeoeaaoei? i?ioeania ?aaaia?aoe??, iiaiao? i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, i?ioeae?? eieeaaiiyi ai?noo oinoie?i?ae?a oa aeoeaaoe?? aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace i aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace a ee?oeiao ia/?iee. 5. Aeei?enoaiiy “a?oanaeo” oa “iaoieaio” a oiiaao eiiaiiiaaiiai ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai iioeiaeaeaiiy i?ioeae?? ?icaeoeo o?ii?/iiai aaiaoeoo oa o?a?ico, aeoeao? i?ioeane ?aaaia?aoe??, aaeueio? ?icaeoie i?ie?oa?aoe?? aeia/ieo i?ioie?a oa aeenieanoe/ieo ci?i aaiaoioeeo?a. 6. Canoinoaaiiy iiaeo eiiaiiiaaieo i?aia?ao?a “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” a oiiaao iaeii/anii aieeao ii?iiiiaiiy i iiia?aaeieeia iio?iciniieoe ii?iae?co? ai?no oinoie?i?ae?a, aeoeai?noue a??eanoa?ace oa aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace, ?ia?ao? aeoeai?noue i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy, aaeueio? aeoeaaoe?th aaia-aeooai?eo?ainoa?ace. 7. Iiaei eiia?iiaaiei i?aia?aoai “a?oanaeo” oa “iaoieaio” i?eoaiaii? aaiaoii?ioaeoi?ii aeanoeainoi - ?o canoinoaaiiy i?ioeaei? ?icaeoeo aeueoa?aoeaieo i?ioean?a oa ii?ooaiue e?iaiiaiao a ia/?ioe?. I?aia?aoe “a?oanae” oa “iaoieai” ? aoaeoeaieie i?e aino??e i?iiaiaa?e oai?ia?, o?ii?/iiio i?iiaiaaiio o?aaeaii? oa i?e ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiio aieea?. IA?AE?E ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Aieea eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a ia iniia? aenieiaeenia?niiai e?aiiacaio ia i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ia/?iee oa ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai oiiei? eeoee ii?ii?iaieo uo??a / sseoaianueeee I.I., Iaiothe I.I., Ie?eiee A.I., Iaieainueeee I.I., Eiaaeuenueeee I.A., Ooaoueei I.?., Oa?oeoia I.A. // Oe?. ?aae?ie. aeo?iae. - 1997. - O.5, N1. - C. 59-62. 2. No?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiua eciaiaiey ia/aie i?e eciee?iaaiiii e eiiaeie?iaaiiii aicaeaenoaee ?aaeeaoeeee e i?aaeoanoaaiieeia ieo?iciaieiia / sseoaianeee I.I., Ieaeiee A.I., Iaiothe A.A., Aieoaue E.I., ssnueei A.A. // A?niee ii?oieia??. - 1997. - N2. - C. 92-94. 3. Ii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie uo??a-naioe?a i?ney o?aeoe?iiiaaiiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa aaaaeaiiy i?ioei?iiaiaaeo i?aia?ao?a / sseoaianueeee I.I., Iaiothe I.I., Ie?eiee A.I., Aieoa E.I., ssnueei A.A. // A?niee ii?oieia??. - 1997. - N2. - C. 75-76. 4. Aeoeaiinoue i?ioeannia ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia a neecenoie iaiei/ea oiieie eeoee e?un e an ii?oiooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea a oneiaeyo ino?iai iaeo/aiey e aaaaeaiey eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?aia?aoia, nicaeaiiuo ia iniiaa aunieiaeenia?niiai e?aiiacnia / sseoaianeee I.I., Iaiothe A.A., Oiaeueieoeeee I.E., Ieaeiee A.I. // ?aaeeaoe. aeie. e ?aaeeiyeieiaey. - 1997. - O.37, Aui.3. - N. 366-371. 5. sseoaianueeee I.I., Ie?eiee A.I., ssnueei A.A. Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo i?aia?ao?a ii?aeioth/eo aioeieneaeaioi? oa ni?aoe?ei? aeanoeaino? aeey ei?aeoe?? eiia?iiaaieo ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue // A?niee A?iieoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. - 1998. - N1. - N. 288-289. 6. Ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ??cieo ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a / Eooethe I.A., Iaiothe I.I., sseiaeaaa I.I., Ie?eiee A.I. // ?anioae. eiio. “Iaoeiai?ie? oaoiieia?? iiaea?eiiai cia/aiiy”. Oace aeiiia. 1994. - N. 27. 7. Aeaenoaea ?acee/iuo ?aaeeii?ioaeoi?ia ia ?aaeeieiaeooee?oaiua eciaiaiey eiioiiie nenoaiu / Iaiothe A.A., Eooethe I.A., sseoaianeee I.I., Ieaeiee A.I., Eiaaeueneee A.A., ssnueei A.A. // 9-e eiia?. ?aae?ie. Oe?a?ie: Oace aeiiia. - Ee?a, 1995. - N. 191-192. 8. Ie?eiee A.I. A?io?i?/ia ioe?iea ae?? aeayeeo eiia?iiaaieo ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a ia ia/?ieo uo??a a oiiaao o?aeoe?eiiai ii?ii?iaiiy oaa?ei // Oace iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue a?eue Oe?a?ie”. - A?iieoey, 1996. - N. 77. AIIOAOe?ss Ie?eiee A.I. Ei?aeoe?y ?aae?aoe?eieo oa ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/ieo o?aaeaiue ia/?iee i?aia?aoaie, ui ii?aeiothoue ni?aoe?ei? oa aioeieneaeaioi? aeanoeaino?. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00.01 - ?aae?ia?ieia?y. - ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoieia??, iieieia?? ? ?aae?ia?ieia?? ?i.?.?.Eaaaoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie oa Oe?a?inueeee IAe? iieieia?? ? ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/ai? aecia/aiith aieeao eiia?iiaaieo i?ioei?iiaiaaeo i?aia?ao?a ia iaoieia?/i? i?ioeane a ia/?ioe?, ui aeieeathoue aiane?aeie ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao (?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?iaiiy) oa ae?? ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iiai oaeoi?o (ii?ii?iaiiy oa iiia?aaeieee i?o?iciai?i?a). Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo eiia?iiaaieo i?aia?ao?a, ui i?noyoue neeea?ae oa ea?ioei, oieioa?ie, naeai?o iao??th, a oaeiae neeea?ae oa aai?oee cieaeo? aeoeai?noue i?ioean?a o ia/?ioe? uo??a, ui ?iaeoeiaai? ii?ii?iaiiyi oa ?aae?aoe?eii-o?i?/iei /eiieeii. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?ii?iaiiy, ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?e, iiia?aaeieee i?o?iciai?i?a, ni?aaioe, aioeieneaeaioe, ia/?iea. AIIIOAOeEss Ieaeiee A.I. Ei??aeoeey ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-oeie/aneeo ii?aaeaiee ia/aie i?aia?aoaie n iauaaeaiaiiuie ni?aoeeiiiuie e aioeieneaeaioiuie naienoaaie.-?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.01 - ?aaeeiaeieiaey. - Einoeooo yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaoieiaee, iieieiaee e ?aaeeiaeieiaee ei.?.A.Eaaaoeeiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Oe?aeineee IEE iieieiaee e ?aaeeiaeieiaee IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. A yenia?eiaioa eco/aeinue aeeyiea eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?ioeaieo/aauo i?aia?aoia ia iaoieiae/aneea i?ioeannu a ia/aie, aicieeathuea aneaaenoaea ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai (?aioaaiianeia eceo/aiea) e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-oeie/aneiai aicaeaenoaey (iaeo/aiea e i?aaeoanoaaiieee ieo?iciaieiia). Eniieueciaaiea iiauo eiiaeie?iaaiiuo i?aia?aoia, niaea?aeaueo neeea?ae e ea?ioei, oieioa?ie, naeaieo iao?ey, a oaeaea neeea?ae e aaieoee nieaeaao aeoeaiinoue i?ioeannia a ia/aie e?un, eioi?ua eiaeooee?iaaeenue iaeo/aieai e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-oeie/aneei aicaeaenoaeai. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaeo/aiea, ?aaeeii?ioaeoi?u, i?aaeoanoaaiieee ieo?iciaieiia, ni?aaiou, aioeieneaeaiou, ia/aiue. ANNOTATION Oleynik V.N. Radiation and radiation-chemistry injuries of liver and their treatment with compound preparations with sorbing and antioxidative properties. - Manuscript. The thesis for the Degree of Candidate of Medical Science. R.E.Kavetsky Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology Ministry of Health Care of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998. The effect of the compound preparations on the pathological processes in rat’s liver, that induced by X-ray irradiation or combination radiation-chemistry (X-ray and precursors nitrosamines) factors was investigated. Application of new combined preparations, those containing silica and carotin, tocoferol, natrium selenite or silica and synthetic imidazole derivative, reduced the activity of radiation and radiation-chemistry-induces processes in rat’s liver. Key words: irradiation, radioprotectors, precursors nitrosamines, sorbents, antioxidants, liver.

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