?INOEOOO AeAOAEOIEIA?? AII OE?A?IE

EOIAIEI Ethaeieea Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 371.911

EI?AEOe?EIA NI?ssIIAAI?NOUe IOCE*II-ANOAOE*II?

Ae?ssEUeIINO? NE?IEO IIEIAeOEO OEIEss??A

O IICAO?I*IEE *AN

13.00.03 — ei?aeoe?eia iaaeaaia?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee ( eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee AAA?IA Ethaeieea Na?a??aia, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???
oeoeiiaaeaaia?ee ?inoeoooo aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe ( aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ae?eniee
/eai AII Oe?a?ie NEIUeIA A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e
nioe?aeueii? iaaeaaia?ee Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

( eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EAI*AIEI Aieiaeeie? Iao?iae/, eaoaae?a aaiaeo?e oa eiaca?nueeiai
ienoaoeoaa Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo eoeueoo?e ?
ienoaoeoa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ( ?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie,
eaai?aoi??y anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.450.01 a ?inoeooo?
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (254060, Ee?a, aoe. I.Aa?eeinueeiai, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254060, Ee?a, aoe.I.
Aa?eeinueeiai, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “29” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEOE O.A. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA
?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe ?
eoeueoo?e, yea a?aeaoeiny caaaeyee nioe?aeueii-?noi?e/iei ia?aoai?aiiyi
a iao?e aea?aeaa?, aeeeeeaei aeoea?caoe?th ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? a aniaeo? ?o nioe?aeueii-ooaeiaeiuei? oa aeoiaii? ?ie? a
nenoai? anoaoe/ieo cania?a aa?iii?eiiai ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?
(TH.I.Aoaianue?a, A.I.?aaiia, ?.A.Cycthi, I.?.Eeyuaiei, A.O.Eeoa/ia,
O.?.Oeaaeeo, A.I.Oaoeueea).

I?ia?aeiei caniaii anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ye a iania?e, oae ? a
niaoe?aeuei?e oeie? aenooia? ienoaoeoai, yea aeoioeth? a nia?
aaaaoia?eiaee aeina?ae anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e oa ?noi??? ??cieo aea?aeaa ?
ia?iae?a, caaaeyee /iio ia? cia/iee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo ? aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae oai?/i? iniaenoino? oa
oii?yaeeoaaiiy ?? aeeoo?aiai aeina?aeo, ui a noeoiiino? c ?ioeie aeaeaie
aeoiaieo aieea?a ni?ey? aoiai?caoe?? ? nioe?ae?caoe?? ?icaeoeo aeeoeie
(?.Ae.Aao, TH.A.Ai?aa, E.I.Ao?aa, A. I. ?aaiia, O. I. Caaaaenueea, ?. A.
Cycthi, A. ?. Iai/aiei, I.I.?oaeieoeueea).

Iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeaei ia??iaeii aeey ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue ianiaiai
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy aaaaea?oueny iieiaeoee oe?eueiee a?e /c
iaeyaeo ia ineoio?ce/i? iiaeeeaino? ? caeiie ?icaeoeo aeeoeie, a yeiio
iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaii canaith?oueny aanue eiiieaen iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo
cania?a ? ooaeiaeiuei-eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae ienoaoeoaa (A.A.Aaaeoe?i,
I.I.Ai?aen?ia, A.E.A?eiai?iaeiaa, O.I.Caaaaenueea, Ae.A.Eaaaeaanueeee,
E.A.Eiaaeue, A.O.Eeoa/ia, I.I.?oaeieoeueea, A.I.Nooiieeinueeee,
A.I.Oaoeueea).

Aecia/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa ye iaea?eueo aeinooiiiai,
ci?noiaiiooai?thth/iai oaeoi?a anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, caaacia/o?
oi?ioaaiiy iniia caaaeueii? ? ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e iniaenoino?
(A.O.Aaae??anueeee, A.A.Aieaa?nueeee, ?.I.Aaaeaeiaa, C.C.AEia/ae,
O.I.Caaaaenueea, A.I.Eai/aiei, E.I.Ianie, E.I.Oe?aieeiaa).

Iaeiei c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a no/anii? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe ?
caaacia/aiiy aeniei? ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/ii? ina?/aiino? oa aeoiaaiino?
a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, aea ioceea aenooia? no?eaeiaaei aeaeii ienoaoeoaa.

O neioac? c ?ioeie aeaeaie ienoaoeoaa aiia cae?enith? oe?eani?yiiaaiee
i?ioean aeoiaaiiy anoaoe/ii na?aeiieo, nioe?aeueii ae?yeuei?nieo
a?iiaaeyi iaoiai noni?euenoaa. sse aeaco?oueny o Aea?aeaai?e
iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? “Ina?oa” — Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy”, iiooe ?
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo aeoiaieo nenoai, oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeoiaaiiy, ye? a
ni?eyee ?ice?eooth ? ?icaeoeo ineoio?ce/ieo cae?aiinoae, ??cieo oaeaio?a
ae?oae, ? aieiaiei caniaii ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue ?icaeoeo oai?/i?
iniaenoino?.

Eoeuei?iaoe?eiiai aeeiai?cio oey i?iaeaia iaaoaa? o aeoiaaii? oa ina?o?
ae?oae c ineoio?ce/ieie ii?ooaiiyie. Iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue ?aae?caoe?y
oeeo caaaeaiue ia? a nenoai? nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ii?,
i?ioan?eii-o?oaeiai? aaeaioaoe?? ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae c aaaeeeie
ii?ooaiiyie ci?o, ui iaoiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo oeyo?a
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo aieea?a niaoe?aeueiiai
iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

I?iaeaia ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae ?c ci?iaeie ii?ooaiiyie
cia/ii oneeaaeith?oueny ia eeoa /a?ac ieceo i?iaeai, iia(ycaieo ?c naiei
aeaoaeoii, a oaeiae /a?ac ?? iaaeinoaoith ?ic?iaeai?noue a
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? oa oe?eei ?yaeii ?ioeo i?e/ei,
iaei??th c yeeo ? iaaeineiiaea i?aai?caoe?y a i?aeoeoe?
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a, iaaia iaaeiioe?iea ??
ei?aeoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae.

Na?aae ??ciiiai?oieo oaeoi??a, ye? aeoeaii aieeaathoue ia aa?iii?eiee
?icaeoie iniaenoino? ne?ieo, iniaeeaa i?noea iaeaaeeoue
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iei, ye iaea?eueo aeinooiiei aeaeai ae?yeueiino?. Aeey
aeeoeie c aaaeaie ci?o ioceea ? oei ?ioi?iaoe?eiei eaiaeii o
??ciiaa?aiee na?o anoaoe/ieo caoe?a, yeee aeiiiiaaa? iaaiith i??ith
eiiiainoaaoe ?? iaiiaiioe?ii?noue, a iiaeaeoaee e aeaoi?iiaai? oyaeaiiy
i?i iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua /a?ac ci?no ioce/ieo oai??a oa caniae
ioce/ii? ae?aciino?.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ii? iniaenoino?
iaoiiaeaia ua e oei, ui /anoeia ae?oae c aaaeaie ci?o a aeioe?eueiee
ia??iae

ia io?eio? iiaiee eiiieaen ei?aeoe?eieo oa ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aieea?a,
/a?ac ui ia? i?noea iaoai?/ia ia?aianaiiy o iieiaeoee oe?eueiee a?e
oi?i, ci?noo, cania?a oa iaoiae?a aeioe?eueiiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo ae?oae
aac a?aooaaiiy a?eiaeo ? ineoio?ce/ieo iniaeeainoae ?o ?icaeoeo. Oea ia
ni?ey? ?aae?caoe?? oeo caaaeaiue uiaei ?icaeoeo aa?iii?eii? iniaenoino?,
ye? ae??oo? niaoe?aeueia oeiea.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny
iio?aaaie i?aeoeee a oaeineiiaeaii? ci?noo oa oi?i niaoe?aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia aa?iii?caoe?th ?o ?icaeoeo oeyoii caeo/aiiy aei aeoeaii?
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

A?aeiii, ui ne?iioa iaeeaaea? niaoeeo?/ia a?aeaeooy ia ia?aa?a on?o
ineo?/ieo i?ioean?a, o oiio /ene? e ia anoaoeeo ni?eeiaiiy
iaaeieeoiueiai na?oo. *anoeiaa aai iiaia ao?aoa ci?o cia/ii iaiaaeo?
iiaiioe?iia ni?eeiaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno cania?a anoaoe/iiai aieeao ia
iniaeno?noue. Aiane?aeie oeueiai io?eiaia ieie anoaoe/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?aei?noth /ooo?ai? iae?o?e, aocuee?noth ?
o?aaiaioa?i?noth, a ?ieiee e iaaaeaeaaoi?noth ia?acieo oyaeaiue i?i
aeiae?eey. Ii?ooaiiy ci?o aieeaathoue oaeiae ia cieaeaiiy i?ciaaaeueii?
iio?aae, noeeueiino? aei o?ono?aoe??, aiioe?eii? i?eai?/aiino?,
caoaeaiiy anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo oa anioe?aoeaiiai oiiaeo ciaiue,
aaeueio? ?icaeoie ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo cae?aiinoae (I.?.Caioeiaa,
I.A.Eeoaae, ?.N.Ii?aoe?n, ?.I.Neiueiaa, E.?.Nieioeaaa, A.A.THo??ia oa
?i.).

Ia cieaeaiiy ei?aeoe?eiiai aieeao ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo
o/i?a a oiiaao oe?e-?ioa?iao?a oaeiae aieeaathoue iaaeie?ee i?aai?caoe??
?o ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iicao?i/iee /an.

Oaeei /eiii, nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy anoaoe/ii? eoeueoo?e ne?ieo
ae?oae c iaoith ii?iae?caoe?? ?o aca?iia?aeiinei c ioi/oth/ei na?oii
iaea?eueo iiaii iiaea cae?enithaaoeny oeyoii iineeaiiy ei?aeoe?eii?
ni?yiiaaiino? i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iicao?i/i?e
?iaio?, ui noai?thaaoeia iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey aeyaeaiiy oai?/eo
cae?aiinoae ae?oae c aaaeaie ci?o, ni?eyoeia a?eueo aoaeoeaiiio
oi?ioaaiith o ieo anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy, eiie?aoecaoe?? aca?iiae?? c
aeiae?eeyi.

Aeoiaey/e c? cia/ouino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeey ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? ne?iiai, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei? oai?aoe/ii? ? iaoiaee/ii?
?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie a oeoeiiaaeaaia?oe?, iaoiiaeth?oueny
aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a eiiieaenii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaai?aoi??? oeoeiiaaeaaia?ee ?inoeoooo
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie: “Eiiiainaoi?ii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eia i?aai?caoe?y
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oeie? aeey ae?oae c aaaeeeie ii?ooaiiyie
ci?o”.

Ia(?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioean ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo
o/i?a iieiaeoeo eean?a a iicao?i/iee /an.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy ( caniae ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai aieeao
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia oi?ioaaiiy o ne?ieo oeiey??a
iieiaeoiai a?eo aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
ia?ac?a aeiae?eey.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ( ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio eiiiainaoi?ii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo
eiiieaen?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iineeaiiy ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo aieea?a
niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iicao?i/ii? aeoiaii? ?iaioe.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue i?ioyaii 1991-1998 ??. A iueiio a?aee
o/anoue 80 o/i?a niaoe?aeueieo oe?e-?ioa?iao?a aeey ne?ieo ae?oae ? 5
i. Ee?aa, ? 100 i. Eueaiaa, 80 o/i?a ianiai? oeiee ? 253 i. Ee?aa.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy ci?o, iaiaaeoth/e
i?ciaaaeuei? iiaeeeaino?, iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia i?ioean
aiioe?eii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?aeiaiiy
aiioe?eii? noa?e aiane?aeie ia?aaaaeaiiy iaaaoeaieo aiioe?e,
iaaeineiiaeino? /ooo?aiai aeina?aeo oiui. Ana oea oneeaaeith?, aeaoi?io?
aai oiaiiaeeeaeth? acaaae? ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy anoaoe/ieo oe?iiinoae.

Niaoe?aeueia i?aai?caoe?y ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a iicao?i/iee /an, ni?yiiaaia ia ei?aeoe?th ?
?icaeoie aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiy ci?noo
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, noai?th? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey
ii?iae?caoe?? aaeaino aca?iiae?? c ioi/oth/ei na?oii.

Ie ia?aaeaa/a?ii, ui aeinyaoe oeueiai iiaeeeai ca oiia:

( iiaiioe?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy caa?aaeaieo aiae?caoi??a;

( niaoe?aeueii? anoaoecaoe?? ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua;

( cai?iaaaeaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo eiiieaen?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue.

?aae?caoe?y iaoe ? ia?aa??ea a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/oaaeanue
ae??oaiiyi oaeeo caaaeaiue:

?.Aea/eoe noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a oai??? oeoeiiaaeaaia?ee oa
i?aeoeoe? c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae ne?ieo ae?oae a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?.

2. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio eiiieaen?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue oa oiiae ??
?aae?caoe?? o iicaeeani?e ?iaio?.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai
aieeao ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie caiyoue ia oi?ioaaiiy o ne?ieo ae?oae
aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
aeyaeoe iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? o?einionuee? iieiaeaiiy

E.I.Ao?ai?, A.I.?aaiiaa, Ae.TH.Eo/a?thea, E.O.Eaa/oea i?i iaoeiao
oai??th /ooo?ai-?aoe?iiaeueiiai i?ciaiiy; caaaeueiianoaoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
i?aoeue TH.A.Ai?aaa, Ae.TH.Eo/a?thea, A.O.Eeoa/iaa, A.?.Iai/aiea,
I.I.?oaeieoeueei? c i?iaeai anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy; iniiai? oai?aoe/i?
canaaee ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy, aeeeaaeai? a i?aoeyo
A.E.A?eiai?iaeiai?, I.A.Einothea, A.I.Iaaeooaanueeiai,
A.A.Iacaee?inueeiai, A.I.Ianoeaiei; caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy no/anii?
a?o/eciyii? aeaoaeoieia?? (?.Ae.Aao, A.?.Aiiaea?, E.N.Aaa?ia,
?.A.??aiaiei, A.I.Neiueia, I.Ae.ss?ia/aiei oa ?i.), i?aoe?
oeoeiineoieia?a ? oeoeiiaaeaaia?a I. ?. Caioeiai?, A.A.Eiaeeue/aiea, I.
A.Eeoaaea, ?. N.Ii?aoe?na, N.I.Iieooi?ai?, E. ?. Nieioeaai?,
?.I.Neiueiai?, A.A.THo??ii? c ieoaiue aieeao ne?iioe ia ineo?/iee
?icaeoie, caeiiii??iinoae eiiiainaoe?? a?aeoeeaiue, ae?aeaeoeee
aca?iia?aeiioaiue aeaio iniiaieo oaeoi??a eiiiainaoe?? ( a?ieia?/iiai oa
nioe?aeueiiai, ?aae?caoe?? iniaeno?niiai i?aeoiaeo oa niaoe?aeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo
ae?oae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa.
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? nenoaie niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a iicao?i/iee
/an a oiiaao oeiee-?ioa?iaoo, yea aeine?aeaeoaaeany iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai
aia?oa a oeoeiiaaeaaia?oe?. Cie?aia:

( ?ic?iaeaia eiiieaenia iaoiaeeea ae?aaiinooaaiiy ??aiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ii? aeeoeie iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo,
yea aeiiiiiaea i?aeoeeai nai?/anii aeyaeyoe ? e?ea?aeiaoaaoe, a oaeiae
iiia?aaeaeaoe i?iaaeeie a iaeiie/aii? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo
o/i?a;

( niaoe?aeueia i?aai?caoe?y an?o aeinooiieo ne?iei iieiaeoei oeiey?ai
aeae?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ia iie?naini?i?e iniia?, cie?aia
nenoaie oaiaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo caiyoue, aio/ea
aa??aoeai?noue ci?noo ? no?oeoo?e yeeo aeicaiey? ?aaoethaaoe
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iee ?icaeoie ne?ii? aeeoeie ? aieeaaoe ia ei?aeoe?th ??
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaae, aeei?enoiaoth/e iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? aeey
eiaeiiai aeiaaeeo eiia?iaoe?? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aieea?a, nai?/anii
?aaaoaaoe ia ineoio?ce/i? i?ioeane, ui c oeo /e ?ioeo i?e/ei
aaeueiothoueny;

( noi?iiaaii iiiyo?eiee ? oa?i?iieia?/iee aia?ao ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai
?icaeoeo ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, canai?iiy yeiai caaacia/eoue eiai
iaeiie/aiiy ? eiiiainaoe?th i?iaaeei aa?aaeueii-naini?iiai aeina?aeo,
yeee niiioeaoeia aeeth/aiiy oeo iaoai?ci?a iiaeaiiy, ye? cae?eniththoue
iiooe iio??aieo ne?a, ?a/aiue, i?ia?aiothoue aaeaeaaoi? aeneiaethaaiiy,
caaacia/oth/e oei naiei aeinoia??i?noue oyaeaiue ? ciaiue, ae?aaeaieo o
neia?, ae?eia?noue aiioe?eii? iane/aiino? //a?ac ?ioiiaoe?th,
aeoeaiooaoe?th/ iaaieo ne?a ? aeneia?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe?
iieaciee?a oa e?eoa???a aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ne?ieie
ae?oueie ci?noo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, a iaa?oiooaaii?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo iniia nenoaie iicao?i/ii? ?iaioe a
niaoe?aeuei?e oeie?-?ioa?iao? caniaaie niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a, o aecia/aii?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?
aa?aaeueii-naini?iiai aeina?aeo ne?ieo ae?oae ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
caa?aaeaieo aiae?caoi??a.

I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe noaiiaeyoue ?ic?iaeai? a aeine?aeaeaii?
eiiieaene ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue ? caoiae?a aeey iieiaeoeo ne?ieo
oeiey??a oa iaoiaee/ia nenoaia iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa ?o
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iith ae?yeuei?noth o iicao?i/iee /an, ui noai?th? aaco
aeey oi?ioaaiiy o ne?ieo ae?oae ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy,
aa?aaeueii-naini?iiai aeina?aeo, eiie?aoecaoe?? ?o oyaeaiue i?i
ioi/oth/ee na?o, a?aeiiaeth? aca?iiae?th c iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?ea?iaeueii?
iaa/aeueii-?icaeaaeueii? nenoaie oaiaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue aeey ne?ieo o/i?a, iaoiaeeee ?o i?iaaaeaiiy a
niaoe?aeuei?e oeie? a iicao?i/iee /an, iaa?oiooaaii? iniiaieo
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia eiiiainaoi?ii-ei?aeoe?eii? i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo ae?oae.

Ai?iaaoe?y oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a
i?ioean? eiiaaothaeii? aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe aaoi?a a
oeie?-?ioa?iao? ? 5 aeey ne?ieo ae?oae i. Ee?aa; aeeeaaeaiiy eaeoe?eiiai
eo?no “Iaoiaeeea ioce/ii-ooaeiaeiueiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo oeiey??a” ?
i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c? nooaeaioaie oeoeia?aeae?eaiiy aeaoaeoieia?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo IIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa; aenooi?a c aeiiia?aeyie ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo /Ee?a, ?994-?999 ??./, i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o Iieueu? /Aa?oaaa, 1996 ?./, ?inoeoooo
ineoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie oa Oe?a?inueeiai oeaio?o oai?/ino? ae?oae oa
thiaoeoaa /Ee?a, 1998 ?./, iaoeia?e tha?eaei?e nan?? ?inoeoooo
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie /Ee?a, 1999 ?./, ia iaae?aaeao a niaoe?aeueieo
oeieao-?ioa?iaoao aeey ne?ieo ? neaaici?eo ae?oae /?990-?999 ??./.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. I?ea?iaeueia iaa/aeueii-?icaeaaeueia iaoiaeeea oa nenoaia eiiieaen?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iicao?i/ieo caiyoue c iieiaeoeie ne?ieie oeiey?aie,
yea caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy o ieo aaeaeaaoiiai ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai
ni?eeiaiiy ? iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo iia(ycaiiai c iei aa?aaeueii-naini?iiai
?icaeoeo.

2. Ioce/ii-anoaoe/iee ?icaeoie ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aoaeoeai?oa
caaacia/o?oueny caaaeyee caeo/aiith ?o aei aeoeaii? o/ano? a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino? ia iniia? iie?naini?ii?
aca?iiae?? c i?ae?aniei, caniaaie ei?aeoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?iiai
i?enoinoaaiiy caa?aaeaieo aiae?caoi?ieo nenoai oa niaoe?aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ienoaoeueeeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? a iicao?i/iee /an.

3. Niaoe?aeueia i?aai?caoe?y ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?
ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a aeeth/a?: ci?no, oi?ie, aeaee, iaoiaee, aoaie
oe?eani?yiiaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa a iicao?i/iee /an oa
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae, ui ni?eythoue caaacia/aiith
ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai aieeao ia ioce/ii-anoaoe/iee ?icaeoie,
aa?iii?caoe?th ? nioe?ae?caoe?th iniaenoino? ne?iiai.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 12 ?ia?o, a
oiio /ene?: 10 iaoeiaeo noaoae, iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, oace
aeiiia?ae?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??: anooi, o?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae / 184 iacae/, aeiaeaoee ianyaii 48 noi??iie/. O
oaeno? ai?uaii 14 oaaeeoeue, 9 ?enoie?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
234 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oa aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aeae?eaii eiai ia(?eo oa i?aaeiao, aecia/aii iaoo, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy,
?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, aeeeaaeai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i
ai?iaaoe?th.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ( “Ioce/ii-anoaoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ne?ieo iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a ye ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia i?iaeaia” ( iiaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co o?einionueei?, ineoieia?/ii?, iaaeaaia?/ii?,
anoaoe/ii?, ioceeiciaa/i?, oeoeieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/aii cia/aiiy ? i?noea ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? a anoaoe/iiio aeoiaaii? acaaae? oa oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?
ne?iiai cie?aia, noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy.
Aiae?cothoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a.
Iieacaii oaeiae ?ieue anoaoeei-ineoieia?/ii? onoaiiaee o
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiio ni?eeiaii? oa a i?ioean? ona?aeiieaiiy ? canai?iiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ye ineo?/iiai iaoai?cio
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo.

O ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiy ?.Ae.Aaoa, A.I.?aaiiaa,
I.I.Eaiioue?aa, N.E.?oa?iooaeia oa ?ioeo a/aieo aeiaaaeaii, ui a
i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy aeoeaiino? iniaenoino? a iiaioaaii? aeiae?eeyi /a?ac
o/anoue o ??cieo ae?yeueiinoyo ?ice?eaathoueny iiaeeeaino? iiaiioe?iii?
ethaeeie ye noni?eueiiai noa(?eoa a i?ciaaaeueieo oi?iao ae?yeueiino?.
Oea iieiaeaiiy ie a?aooaaee o nai?io aeine?aeaeaii?, ine?eueee aiii
iaoe?eth? ia iaieiae?iiy aeooiaiith eoeueoo?ith /a?ac caeo/aiiy aeeoeie
aei ienoaoeueeeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, oeyoii ona?aeiieaiiy
iioeaaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo, iiaioaaiiy ci?noiaiei ? i?aaeiaoiei
eiiiiiaioii ae?yeueiino?.

Oaiiiai ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy iieyaa? a aaeaeaaoiiio ni?eeiaii?
ienoaoeoaa ye niaoeeo?/ii? oi?ie noni?eueii? na?aeiiino? oa caniao
anoaoe/iiai aieeao ia iniaeno?noue, iniaeeai oo, yea ia? iaai?
a?aeoeeaiiy o ?icaeoeo, aeiiiiaaa? ?e ?icaeiooe nai? iioaioe?ei?
iiaeeeaino?, noaoe eoeueoo?iith, ??aiii?aaiith ethaeeiith no/aniiai
noni?euenoaa (TH.A.Ai?aa).

Ia iniia? ?ice?eoeo TH.A.Ai?aaei neioeueoaiieo ooieoe?e anoaoe/iiai

aeoiaaiiy iaie aecia/aii ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeuei? iai?yiee
iaa/aeueii-ae-oiaii? ?iaioe oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy cia/ii? e?eueeino?
iia(ycaieo c oeei ieoaiue.

Cie?aia:

( aaaeii?noe/i? ooieoe?? caaacia/othoue ni?eeiaiiy ? i?e?iaeio
aca?iiae?th c ienoaoeoaii /a?ac caaeiaieaiiy ? anoaoe/i? ia?aaeeaaiiy,
ui aeicaiey? a?aeaie?eaoe aeeoeio a?ae oyaa?y aeaoaeoo ? i?ee?eo
ia?aaeeaaiue, aiooaaoe ?? aei o/ano? a naiino?eiiio aeeoo? /a?ac
?icoi?iiy ci?noo ioce/ieo oai??a, ona?aeiieaiiy a/eie?a aa?i?a, ?o
oa?aeoa??a;

( e?aaoeai? ooieoe?? aeiiiiaaathoue oi?ioaaiith cae?aiino? oai?/i
ni?eeiaoe i?ae?ania, i?aaiaiith aei naii?aae?caoe?? a anoaoe/ieo aeaeao
ae?yeueiino?;

( aa??noe/i? ooieoe?? ni?yiiaai? ia ?icaeoie ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?
aeeoeie. Aiie noathoue aiioe?eiei iiooiaoii aei ?icaeoeo
?ioaeaeooaeueii? ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?ii? noa?, aeiiiiaaathoue
a?aeooeiaoaaoe iia? iaoiaee i?ciaiiy ? aeeeeeaoe anioe?aoe?? c
iaaeieeoi?i aeeooyi, caaacia/othoue iaeiie/aiiy anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo;

( icaei?ia/i-ei?aeoe?ei? ( aieeaathoue ia ?aeaenaoe?th ? noaa?e?caoe?th
iaoai?ci?a ia?aiai? nenoaie, aaeaea ioce/iee caoe ia? aaeeeee ae?aiacii
oa?aiaaoe/ieo ae?e caniaaie ioceeioa?ai??, e?eoaaeueii? aa?ia?ee,
e?eoaaeueii? o?ceoeueoo?e, a?iianoeee oiui.

Noeoii?noue cacia/aieo ooieoe?e anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa ??cieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino?, a yeeo aiii ?aae?co?oueny, caaacia/othoue ?ioaa?aoeai?noue
? eiiieaeni?noue ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo aieea?a ia o/i?a, caaaeyee
/iio iineeth?oueny ?acoeueoaoeai?noue canai?iiy ianyao ciaiue, ?o ci?noo
oa aiioe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?ac?a ioce/ieo oai??a.

Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?, ca oiiae neioaco
an?o iiaeeeaeo ae?yeueiinoae, ni?ey? iine?aeiaiiio anaa?/iiio ?icaeoeo
aiiiaeueii? iniaenoino? ? aeoiaaiith aioiaiino? aei aeoeaii?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? (I.Ae.ss?ia/aiei).

O aaeoc? anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
iniiaiooai?thth/ee i?eioeei aeei?enoaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino?, yeee caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo,
aeoea?co? oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue a ??cieo ?? aeaeao oa aiioe?eii-oe?ii?nia
noaaeaiiy aei ienoaoeoaa ? aeiae?eey (A.O.Aaae??anueeee, A.?.Eaaaae?a,
Ae.A.Eaaaeaanueeee, A.O.Eeoa/ia, E.I.Oe?aieeiaa).

sse?nia canai?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ciaiue /a?ac o/anoue o ??cieo
aeaeao ae?yeueiino? iaiiaeeeaa aac caeaoiino? o/iy aei aaeaeaaoiiai
ni?eeiaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa anoaoeei-ineoieia?/ii?
onoaiiaee ia ni?eeiaiiy oai??a ienoaoeoaa (A.A.Anao(?a, I.A.Einothe,
A.A.Iaaeooaanueeee, A.A.Iacaee?inueeee, Ae.I.Ociaaeca).

Oiio ioce/ii-anoaoe/ia ni?eeiaiiy ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye aaia?ae?coth/ee
aeae ae?yeueiino?, iniiaiee iaoai?ci oa neeaaeiee, aaaaoi??aiaaee
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean canai?iiy ne?ieie iieiaeoeie oeiey?aie
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ciaiue.

Niaoe?aeueia i?aai?caoe?y ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a iicao?i/iee /an a oeoeiiaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
iaeaea ia aena?oethaaeanue. Iioae?eiaaii aeae?eueea noaoae
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o, a yeeo iieno?oueny ?nioth/a no?oeoo?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy a o?e /e ?io?e oeie?-?ioa?iao? aeey ne?ieo
ae?oae, i?iaaaeaiiy ao?oeiaeo caiyoue oa iicao?i/ieo caoiae?a
(TH.I.Aiooaeueae, I.O.A?aaiueia, I.I.Aea?ea/, A.?.Eociaoeiaa,
A.A.Ia/a?nueea , A.N.Niaie?a, ?.A.Oiea?aaa oa ?i.).

?ic?iaea oeo /e ?ioeo ieoaiue iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano ne?ieo
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a iaiaei?iii oi?ea?oueny i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?
a oiiaao ci?iaiai aeaoaeoo oa aieeao ??cieo oaeoi??a ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy
(E.N.Aeaionueeee, A.A.E?ia?on, I.A.Eeoaae, ?.N.Ii?aoe?n, E.?.Nieioeaaa
oa ?i.). Cia/aiiy anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?
i?aee?aneththoue o nai?o i?aoeyo I.O.A?aaiueia, ?.N.Ii?aoe?n,
?.I.Neiueiaa, E.?.Nieioeaaa, A.A.THo??ia.

Aeoiaey/e ?c cia/ouino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? aeey ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? ne?iiai, a oaeiae iaaeinoaoiuei? oai?aoe/ii? ? iaoiaee/ii?
?ic?iaeaiino? oe??? i?iaeaie a oeoeiiaaeaaia?oe?, aoei aecia/aii iniiai?
caaaeaiiy eiinoaooth/i? oa oi?ioth/i? /anoei iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ( “Aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a ii?i? oa c aaaeaie ci?o” ( aeeeaaeaii
iaoiaeeeo oa ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aoaio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a/aieo ? a/eoae?a-i?aeoee?a noiniaii ??cieo
aniaeo?a anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo oa. neaaici?eo oeiey??a
(TH.I.Aiooaeueae, ?.A.Aioaa?a, I.O.A?aaiueia, I.I.Aea?ea/, E.N.Niaie?a
oa ?i.) iieacaee, ui aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ethaeae c aeeaieei ii?ooaiiyi
ci?o a?aeaoaa?oueny a oiiaao iaiaaeaiino? iniiaiiai aeaea?aea
?ioi?ioaaiiy — a?coaeueiiai, oiio ?o oyaeaiiy a?ae??ciythoueny
o?aaiaioa?i?noth, ?ic??aai?noth iciae ? aeanoeainoae i?aaeiao?a, cia/ii
oneeaaeiththoue oe?e?nia a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy ia?ac?a ? yaeu aeiae?eey.

Caaaeueiee aiae?c iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe c ae?oueie, ui iathoue
??ci? oi?ie ci?iaeo ii?ooaiue, oa i?e/ei, ui aaeueiothoue i?ioean ?o
ii?iaeueiiai anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, aoaeoeai?noue ?nioth/eo oi?i
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, cana?ae/ea, ui ??
ei?aeoe?eiee iioaioe?ae a iiai?e i??? ia aeei?enoiao?oueny. O ca(yceo c
oeei iaie aoea ?ic?iaeaia niaoe?aeueia iaoiaeeea aea/aiiy noaio
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? iieiaeoeo oeiey??a c
aaaeaie ci?o a iicao?i/iee /an.

Ia?oei caaaeaiiyi, yea ie aeine?aeaeoaaee, aoei aea/aiiy noaio i?aeoeee,
?iaioe a/eoae?a oa ea??aiee?a ao?oe?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo oeeee?a aeey
iieiaeoeo ne?ieo oeiey??a. Cie?aia, ian oe?eaaeee oae? ieoaiiy: a/
nooi?iue aeei?enoaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? a
iicao?i/ieo caiyooyo; a/ ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue
cania?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ia iicao?i/ieo caiyooyo; a/ nooi?iue
?aae?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo a/eoae?a, ne?ieo o/i?a ia
iicao?i/ieo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyooyo; a/ aoaeoeai?noue ?nioth/i?
i?aeoeee i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a a ii?iae?caoe?? ?o ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Aeey ae??oaiiy ae?oaiai caaaeaiiy ( c(ynoaaoe oi?ie i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iicao?i/iee /an oa nooi?iue
aeei?enoaiiy ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ( aoee aeae?eai? oae? eiie?aoi? ieoaiiy: aeyaeoe
?nioth/? oi?ie ao?oeiai? ? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? /eieaeoeai?,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?/, ?o e?euee?niee neeaae, a?aeiia?aei?noue ci?noo ?o
i?io?eth, ei?aeoe?eio ni?yiiaai?noue; aea/eoe iaaeie?ee i?aai?caoe??
iicao?i/ieo caoiae?a; c(ynoaaoe oa?aeoa? o/ano? oa aeiiiiiae aaouee?a a
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo ae?oae o iicao?i/iee
/an.

O iaoiaeeoe? eiinoaooth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aeei?enoaee eiiieaen
caaaeueieo /iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a(thaaiiy,
aeaiiino?oaaiiy oa ?i./ oa niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a /aeioeeiai-neooiaa
ai?ciaaaiiy, ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c oa ?i. /.

?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy cana?ae/eee, ui ei?ai?
iaaeinoaoiueiai aeei?enoaiiy ei?aeoe?eii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy e?ethoueny a iaaeineiiaeino? eiai i?aai?caoe?? a
niaoe?aeuei?e oeie?, yea i?iyaey?oueny ia o?eueee a ?ic(?aeiaii?
ei?aeoe?eii-ni?yiiaaieo coneeue iaaeaaia?/iiai eieaeoeao, a?aenooiino?
aca?iica(yceo i?ae ie?aieie oi?iaie ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?, a e
o a?aenooiino? oe?eani?yiiaaii?, i?aai?caoe?? i?ioeano
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy, yea a ia?aaeaa/aea ei?aeoe?th ? ?icaeoie
iiaiioe?iiiai ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiy oai??a
ienoaoeoaa.

Aoei aeyaeaii, ui a oeieao aeaiiai oeio ?nio? aeao?oeeo eaae?o?eiaaieo
o/eoae?a i?aaeiao?a anoaoe/iiai oeeeeo, i?aeaioiaea yeeo caaeiaieueiyea
a no/ani? aeiiae ia eeoa aei a/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea c oeoeieia?/iith
ina?oith, a e c aieo anoaoeei-ooaeiaeiuei? eoeueoo?e.

A?aenooi?noue ei?aeoe?eii oe?eani?yiiaaii? nenoaie ieaioaaiiy o?ie?a
anoaoe/iiai oeeeeo a ?aeiino? c iicao?i/iith ?iaioith i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaocaiaeaeaiino? ci?noo iaa/aiiy ?c aecia/aieie iaa/aeueiith i?ia?aiith
caaaeaiiyie. ??aeei aeei?enoiaothoueny i?aei?aaeiaoi? ca(ycee. Ia
i?iaiaeyoueny ia?iaeiciaa/? oa oieueeei?ii-aoiia?ao?/i? caoiaee ?c
caeo/aiiyi i?ia?aeieo aeeoy/eo eieaeoea?a i?noa, cono??/? c o/anieeaie
ooaeiaeiuei? naiiae?yeueiino? ianiaeo oe?e. Ana oea iaiaaeo? i?ino??
aeey ni?eeoaaiiy, aca?iiiai?io anoaoe/iei aeina?aeii, i?aaeth?
?aae?caoe?th niaoeeo?/ieo i?eioeei?a iaa/aiiy aiiiaeueieo ae?oae.

Ianooiiei caaaeaiiyi eiinoaooth/iai aoaio aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aecia/aiiy
o ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a ??aiy ?icaeiaiino? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai
ni?eeiaiiy ye iieacieea ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Aeey oeueiai iaie aoee aaeaioiaai? oa aeiiiaiai? iaoiaeeee
A.E.A?eiai?iaeiai? ? A.O.Eeoa/iaa, ?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? ae?aaiinooaaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, aeiee ? na???
caaaeaiue: aeie ? ( aiioe?eiee a?aeaoe ia ioceeo oa ?ioa?an aei
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?, ae?yeueiino?; aeie (( ( ??aaiue ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
a?oaeeoe??.; aeie ((( ( ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai neooo; aeie ?V (
??aaiue aiioe?eii-ia?aciiai ni?eeiaiiy, ooai?aiiy anioe?aoeaieo
ca(yce?a; aeie V ( ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oeeo iieaciee?a ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie nenoaiith
e?eoa???a aoei aecia/aii ?V iniiai? ??ai?, ye? aa??thaaeenue noiniaii
i?io?e?a ? niaoeeo?/iino? iaaiiai aeieo.

Iaci?iiith caeeoeeanue oaea no?oeoo?a ? e?eoa??? aei??o ??ai?a:

( aenieee oai?/i-aeoeaiee ??aaiue ia?aaeaa/aa iayai?noue aaeaeaaoieo
ciaiue, iaae/ie, oi?iue ca an?ia e?eoa??yie ?icaeoeo /ye?niei ?
e?euee?niei/; aiioe?eio aeoeai?noue o an?o aeaeao ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?; ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae; iiaiioe?ii?noue ni?eeiaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?aeiia?aeii aei a?eiaeo ? ineoio?ce/ieo
iniaeeainoae.

Cao?eniaaii ne?ieo 55 %, c?y/eo 26,5 %, ??cieoey 36,3 % (aeea. oaae. 1);

( na?aaei?e ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-ae?yeuei?noiee ??aaiue ( cieaeaiiy ye?nieo ?
e?euee?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee ciaiue, /anoeiaa canai?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??; cieaeaia aeoeai?noue a ie?aieo aeaeao ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, iaaeinoaoi?e i?iya oai?/eo cae?aiinoae i?e iayaiino?
aaaeaiiy caaaaoeoe na?e ioce/ii-anoaoe/iee aeina?ae. Caoieniaaii ne?ieo
31,2 %; c?y/eo 38,8%, ??cieoey 5,1 %;

( iecueeee /anoeiai-ia?oeaioeaiee ??aaiue ( iaiiai?, iai?oei? ciaiiy,
iaae/ee, ai?iiy; iaiiaiioe?ii?noue aiioe?eii-ia?aciiai ni?eeiaiiy
cania?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?aciino? ? iia(ycaieo c iei ooaeiaei?o
ia?ac?a; neaae? aiioe?ei? ?aaeoe??, iaaecia/ai?noue aaaeaiue i?eeiaoe
o/anoue o ??cieo aeaeao ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?. Cao?eniaaii
ne?ieo 13,8 %, c?y/eo 4,3 %, ??cieoey 14,4 %;

( aeoaea iecueeee ?ethc?eii-ia?oeaioeaiee ??aaiue ( ?ia?oi?noue aei
ciai?oi?o ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iiae?aciaiue, a ?ieiee e a?aeiiaa a?ae
ni?eeoaaiiy c ienoaoeoaii; iani?iiiaei?noue ni?eeiaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??; a?aenooi?noue ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai
aeina?aeo. Cao?eniaaii ne?ieo 0 %, c?y/eo 16,3 %, ??cieoey 14,4 %.

Aeineoue iiceoeaiei oaeoi?ii on?o ??ai?a ? iayai?noue o ae?oae c aaaeaie
ci?o ?ioa?ano aei ioceee, aei ioce/ii? ae?yeueiino?, i?i ui na?ae/aoue
aeai?, i?aaenoaaeai? ia ?en. 1.

Ne?i? ae?oe C ii?iaeueiei ci?ii

?en. 1

Oa?aeoa? ?ioa?an?a ne?ieo oeiey??a ? c ii?iaeueiei ci?ii (o%)

sse aa/eii, ?ioa?an aei ioceee o ne?ieo caeia? i?ia?aeia i?noea /33,8%/.
sseui ia(?aeiaoe ?acii ioce/i? e anoaoe/i? ?ioa?ane, oi aiie o ne?ieo
o/i?a /61,3%/ ia?aaaaeathoue a?eueoa i?ae aaea?/? an? ?io?. Ii?yae c
oeei o 12,5 % ne?ieo o/i?a aeyaeaii a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yeeo ?ioa?an?a
aei oeeo aeae?a ae?yeueiino?.

A oe?eiio aeineoue iecueeee ??aaiue ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy ?
iia(ycaiiai c iei ?icaeoeo ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a, a oaeiae aeyaeai?
i?ioe??//y, aieiaiei c yeeo ? aaaeaiiy aeoeaii aca?iiae?yoe c
ienoaoeoaii ? a?aenooi?noue iiaeeeaino? eiai ?icoi?iiy, na?ae/aoue i?i
iaaeinoaoi?noue ?icaeiaiino? caeaoiino? aei ni?eeiaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aiane?aeie aaaaoueio i?e/ei, iniiaiith c
yeeo ? iecueea i?ciaaaeueia aioiai?noue aei iiaioaaiiy ciaiiyie,
a?aenooi?noue anoaoeei-ineoieia?/ii? onoaiiaee ia ni?eeiaiiy ?
ona?aeiieaiiy ciaiue.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo ??ai?a ? iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae ne?ieo o/i?a
aoei ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio eiiieaen?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue oa
aecia/aii iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei iaoiaeeee ?o ?aae?caoe?? o iicaeeani?e
?iaio? ia iie?naini?i?e iniia? iiaiioe?iiiai aeei?enoaiiy caa?aaeaieo
aiae?caoi??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ( “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a” (
?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no ? iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe c ne?ieie
o/iyie a iicao?i/iee /an, yea iaea iiaoaiiee oa?aeoa?.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? ( iioeaaoe?eii-iiiyo?eiiio /aa?aaeueiiio/, ia?o ca ana,
aoei cae?eniaii oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?eiiai eiiiiiaioo oa iiiyo?eiiai
aia?aoo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a
//a?ac ?ic(yniaiiy cia/aiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a aeeoo?
?iaae?ae?a, anoaoecaoe?th ci?noo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
na?aaeiaeua, i?ioi???ioaoe?th/. Iiyaa iioeao noeioethaaea i?ciaaaeueio
aeoeai?noue ne?ii? aeeoeie a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino?
/a?ac aeieeiaiiy i?eoeeueiiai noaaeaiiy aei ienoaoeoaa acaaae?,
caoe?eaaeaiiy iaaiith ae?yeuei?noth, cie?aia.

Ia ae?oaiio /niiioeaeueii-iiooeiaiio/ aoai? ae??ooaaeenue aeaa iniiaieo
caaaeaiiy: 1/ iciaeiieaiiy o/i?a c ia?iaeiciaa/ei iaoa??aeii /ia?iaeiee
eaeaiaea?, ia?iaei? i?eeiaoe, i?ene?a(y, caaaaeee, aeeoy/? ?a?e,
eaeaiaea?ii-ia?yaeia? iiiyooy oa ae??/; 2/ ei?aeoe?y ? ?icaeoie o ieo
a?ae/oooy ?eoio ye iiaeae? oi?aa?naeueii? “eini?/ii? eaoaai???”
(A.I.Oaieia), ye iaeiiai c iieaciee?a ioceeaeueiino? aeeoeie, naini?ii?
iniiae aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, aeaea?aea aeeoo?aiai oiiono, caii?oee
?icaeoeo iioi?eee, i???ioaoe?? o /aniaiio i?inoi??.

Ia o?aoueiio /ia?oeaioeaii-?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio/ aoai?, ia iniia?
ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ??cieie caniaaie ni?eeiaiiy ciaiue oa noai?aiiy
no?eei? onoaiiaee ia eiiieaenia ni?eeiaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, o ne?ieo o/i?a oi?ioaaeeny a?eueo oe?e?ni? oyaeaiiy i?i
iaaeieeoi?e na?o, a?aeia?aaeaiee o e?oa?aoo?ii-ioce/ieo oai?ao.

*aoaa?oee /e?aaoeaii-neioaceaiee/ aoai aoa ni?yiiaaiee ia aeoea?caoe?th
oai?/eo iiaeeeainoae a ??cieo aeinooiieo ne?iei iieiaeoei oeiey?ai
ienoaoeueeeo ae?yeueiinoyo, ae??aithaaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo
iniaenoino? a oiiaao eieaeoeaiiai iaa/aiiy (A.I.Eai/aiei).

I?ia?aeiith oi?iith iicao?i/ii? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a
iieiaeoeo eean?a niaoe?aeueii? oeiee, ii?yae c i?aeoeeoth/eie, ia?aii
nenoaio eiiieaen?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue.

Aeia?? eiiieaen?a cae?enithaaany ca eaeaiaea?ii-oaiaoe/iei i?eioeeiii. O
e?oa?aoo?ieo oaenoao, ioce/ieo oai?ao ?ice?eaaeeny ia?yaeia? ae?enoaa,
i?e?iaei? yaeua, ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie oiui, iia(ycai? c oaiith
/iai?eeeaae, “sse oaaa ia ethaeoe, Ee?aa i?e!”/.

Iaoith caiyoue aoei noai?aiiy iaeni?eyoeea?oeo oiia aeey ni?eeiaiiy oa
canai?iiy ne?ieie o/iyie ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ia?ac?a, cania?a ?
oa?i?iieia?? ae?aciino?; ona?aeiieaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?y ciaiue, ye?
noaiiaeyoue aeooaeueiee ??aaiue anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo; eiiieaeniee aieea
on?o aeinooiieo aeae?a anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? /ianeaieo, aeoeaieo,
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo/ ia noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino?.

No?oeoo?a eiiieaen?a ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo caiyoue aa??thaaeany caeaaeii
a?ae oaie oa ci?noo, aea iaia(yceiai i?noeea:

iiia?aaeith aan?aeo, a i?ioean? yei? o/i?a iciaeiiethaaee c oaiith
caiyooy;

ioceeo + neiai + ?oo /?ooeea? ?a?e, oi?iaiaee, ae?aiaoecaoe?th,
?i?oaoe?th ?oo?a oaa?ei, ?ineei oiui/;

i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue /aie?eaoe?th, e?ieaiiy, iaethaaiiy,
iiaeaethaaiiy/;

anoaiiaeaiiy anioe?aoeaieo ca(yce?a /aeooae?caoe?th noiaeeo neooaoe?e,
ui a?aeaoaaeenue a aeeoo? o/i?a/;

??ciiiai?oio oai?/o ae?yeuei?noue /a?o ia ioce/ieo ?ino?oiaioao,
?ii?ia?caoe?th, i?eaeoioaaiiy e?ioe?aie aei a??o?a, noai?aiiy aeanieo
?eoi?a oa iaeiae?e oiui/.

O eiiieaenao caiyoue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? caniae:

oaoi?/i? /i?ia?aaa/, ieao?aee, iaai?oioiii? caiene oiui/;

aeeoy/? ioce/i? oa ooiia? ?ino?oiaioe;

ioce/iee ? e?oa?aoo?ii-ooaeiaei?e iaoa??ae;

aeiiii?aeiee iaoa??ae ( einothie, aeaei?aoe??, ?a?aoee, ioeyae?,
i?aaeiaoe-i???ioe?e, ??ciiiai?oia ao?eaooeea;

aa?aa??? /eenoy ??cii? oi?ie/, ian?iiy aa?aoca, eaaoia, aeei?,
niiyoieea, aeieoae?, oeoee oiui;

cia?yaeaey i?aoe? oa ia?acioai?/iai ienoaoeoaa.

Neioac ioceee ? ?oo?a, ioceee ? iaethaaiiy, aie?eaoe??, e?ieaiiy,
ni?eeiaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiy ioce/ieo ia?ac?a /a?ac ?oo,
i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue aeiiiiaaa? ne?i?e aeeoei? iicaooeny
neooino?, a?aee?eaa? iiaeeeaino? aeey ?ice??ia/aiiy oai?/eo
iiaeeeainoae. Oea caaacia/o? iie?naini?i?noue aca?iiae?? c i?ae?aniei,
iiaiioe?iia oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/iiai oa caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai aeina?aeo
/a?ac o/anoue o ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino?.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ??aiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ieo ?
c?y/eo ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo aei ? i?ney aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaa/aiiy /aeea. oaae. 1/ cana?ae/o? iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo eiiieaeniiai
ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy o ne?ieo o/i?a
aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo ia?ac?a
aeiae?eey.

Oaaeeoey 1

??ai? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ieo o/i?a iieiaeoeo eean?a

aei ? i?ney aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ii??aiyii c o/iyie c
ii?iaeueiei ci?ii /o %/

? ? A I ?

( — oai?/i-aeoeaiee (( — ?ai?iaeoeoeaii-ae?yeue-i?noiee ((( —
/anoeiai-ia?oeaioea-iee (( — ?ethc?eii-ia?oeaioea-iee

Aeiee caa- ne?i? c?y/? ??c-ieoey ne?i? c?y/? ??c-ieoey ne?i? c?y/?
??c-ieoey ne?i? c?y/? ??c-ieoey

aeaiue aei i?ney

aei i?ney

aei i?ney

aei i?ney

( 55 62,5 26,2 >7.5 31,2 33,7 38,8 <2.5 13,8 3.6 18,7 <10 - - 16,3 <16,3 (( 18,5 30.5 36,4 <12 31.6 43 41,4 <11.4 29 19.4 17,3 >9.6 20.9 7.1 4.9
>3.8

((( 20 28 33,5 <8 31,8 35.3 39 <3.5 32 29,7 18,3 >2.3 16,2 7 9,2 >9.2

(( 20 27.5 65 <7.5 43.8 52.5 35 <8.7 27,5 18.7 - >8.8 8,7 1.3 — >7.4

( 12,1 17.5 35.4 <5.4 17,5 27 39.6 <9.5 44.6 40.5 18,4 >4.1 25.8 15 6,6
>10.8

Na?aae-i? iieacieee 25.1 33.2 39.3 <8.1 31,9 38.3 38.8 <7.1 29,4 22.4 14,5 >7 14,3 6.1 7,4 >8.2

Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a o iicaeeani?e ae?yeueiino?
ni?eyei aaeineiiaeaiith oa cae??ieaiith o ne?ieo o/i?a ia?acieo oyaeaiue
/a?ac aiioe?eii-?ooiaa ae?aaeaiiy, aeoea?coaaei ineoiiioi?eeo,
iii(yeooaaei iaaaoeaiee aieea ci?iai? iaaeinoaoiino? ia
aiioe?eii-ooaeiaei? ni?eeiaiiy.

A?aee?eo? caiyooy, ye? iaiaeii?aciai i?iaiaeeeeny ai?iaeiaae
aenia?eiaioo a Ee?anuee?e niaoe?aeuei?e oeie?-?ioa?iao? ? 5 aeey ne?ieo
ae?oae ?i. ss.Aaothea, na?ae/eee i?i iiyao iaeaea o an?o o/i?a aaaeaiiy
i?eeiaoe o/anoue o oe?eueieo iicao?i/ieo caoiaeao, nayoao, uia
i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe nai? caeiaooee ? oai?/? cae?aiino?. Oeueiio,
aacia?a/ii, ni?eyei niaoe?aeueia iaa/aiiy ?o a oiiaao ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo
oaiaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a, ye? aeyaeeeny iaea?eueo aeinooiiith, oe?eaaith ?
aoaeoeaiith oi?iith i?aai?caoe?? iicao?i/ii? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?. Cia/ii c??n iniaeno?noiee noaoon ne?ii? aeeoeie a nai?o
i/ao ? i/ao ioi/oth/eo o/i?a ? aei?ineeo, a?aeaoeiny ni?aaaei?
a?aeaie?eaiiy, a c?aooith e i?aaethaaiiy oyaa?y aeaoaeoo.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae?
aeniiaee:

1. Aiae?c caaaeueiianoaoe/ii?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oa niaoe?aeueii?
e?oa?aoo?e, i?aeoeee iaa/aiiy o/i?a c ii?ooaiiyi ci?o i?aeoaa?aeea
iaaeinoaoith ?ic?iaeai?noue i?iaeaie oa iaaeineiiae?noue niaoe?aeueii?
i?aai?caoe?? ?o iicaeeanii? ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao ci?iai? ?cieyoe??. A
i?aeoeoe? niinoa??aa?oueny iaoai?/iee ia?aiin caaaeueiiina?oi?o
i?aeoiae?a aei ci?noo, cania?a, iaoiae?a anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo
o/i?a aac o?aooaaiiy ee?i?/ii? iaiaeii??aeiino? eiioeiaaioo,
ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae, ??aiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo cae?aiinoae
eiaeii? aeeoeie oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a.

2. ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aeiieeai aeiaaee, ui
iecueeee ??aaiue ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icoi?iiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
ne?ieie o/iyie iieiaeoeo eean?a, iaiaaeai?noue ?o o/ano? a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo aeaeao ae?yeueiino? iaoiiaeaii, a ia?oo /a?ao,
iaaei?icaeoeii ia?oeaioeaieo ? aiia?oeaioeaieo i?ioean?a
oiiaii-?aoeaeoi?ii? ae?yeueiino? aioo??oi?o oa i?aeaiae?caoi?ieo
ca(yce?a ?o ia?aiai? nenoaie. Aei eiai iniiaieo i?iya?a iiaeia a?aeianoe
ca?aeiaiee naini?iee aeina?ae ne?ieo ae?oae, yeee coiiaeth?
iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeuei? oo?oaeiaiiy, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue
iioeaaoe?eieo oa noeioeyoe?eieo eiiiiiaio?a i?ioeano ?o iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy, onoaiiaee ia ni?eeiaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai iaoa??aeo.
Aeyaeaii caeaaei?noue ??aiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ieo o/i?a
a?ae ci?noo iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo, na?aaeiaeua, a yeiio aiie
aeoiaoaaeeny, ineoieia?/ii? aioiaiino? aei iiaiioe?iiiai ni?eeiaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo. ?ice?eoi i?e/eie ?o iaiiaiioe?iiiai
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo, ui e?ethoueny a iaaeinoaoi?e
ei?aeoe?ei?e ni?yiiaaiino? ci?noo oa iaoiaeeee i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ae?oae a iicao?i/iee /an.

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?ea?iaeueio nenoaio oaiaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iicao?i/ieo caiyoue oa iaoiaeeeo ?o ?aae?caoe??, yea
ia?aaeaa/aea: ?ioaa?iaaia ii?aeiaiiy anoaoe/ii aaaiieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? a ?aeeiee ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiee eiiieaen; iiaiioe?iia
aeei?enoaiiy aeeaeo ? iaaeeaeo ia(?eo?a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua aeey
noeioeyoe?? ineoio?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ? oi?ioaaiiy ia?acii-aiioe?eii?
noa?e ne?ii? aeeoeie; a?aooaaiiy iayaiino? aeaio /eiiee?a: ia(?eoeaieo
/noeo?eia neooaiiy-ni?eeiaiiy ioce/ieo ia?aaea/, oai?/? o?aaeeoe??
n?i(?, naiino?eia ioceeoaaiiy oiui/ ? noa(?eoeaieo /?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
ineoio?ce/i? iniaeeaino? oa ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? cae?aiino? o/i?a, ??aaiue
?o caaaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, i?iaaeeie ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy oiui/;
caaacia/aiiy iineeaiiai anoaoeei-iaaeaaia?/iiai ea??aieoeoaa;
cae?eniaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca(yce?a ? ianooiiino? i?ae o?i/ieie ?
iicao?i/ieie oi?iaie ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo o/i?a
iieiaeoeo eean?a.

Aeei?enoaiiy ioceee ye iaae/a?iiiai aeaea?aea ?icaeoeo, iaeiie/aiiy
aiioe?e oa ei?aeoe?? ineoio?ce/ieo iaaeie?e?a, a oaeiae ia(?aeioth/iai
eiiiiiaioa an?o aeae?a anoaoe/ieo ae?yeueiinoae, caaacia/o?
iie?naini?i?noue aca?iiae?? c i?ae?aniei, oi?ioaaiiy o ne?ieo o/i?a
anoaoe/iiai ? caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai aeina?aeo, anoaoe/iiai noaaeaiiy aei
ienoaoeoaa acaaae? oa ?icoi?iiy aaaeeeaino? anoaoe/iiai eiiiiiaioo a
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?.

5. Ni?anoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ??aiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo ne?ieo
i?ney aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ? c?y/eo ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai
a?eo cana?ae/eei aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaeniiai ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueiiai
aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy o iac?y/eo aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?? ona?aeiieaiiy, iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo
?o anoaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo, ui aeyaeeiny o iiya? no?eeiai ?ioa?ano aei
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iicao?i/iee /an, cia/iiio i?aeaeuaii?
??aiy iiaiioe?iiiai neooaiiy-ni?eeiaiiy ienoaoeueeeo oai??a, ?icoi?iiy
oa?aeoa?o ?o ia?ac?a ia iniia? ii?aeiaiiy ioceee ? i?aaeiaoii-i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, e?euee?niiio e ye?niiio c?inoaii? ?o aa?aaeueii-naini?iiai
aeina?aeo. Caaacia/o?oueny oeae oni?o aeio?eiaiiyi ?yaeo
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, aeaoaeueii aeeeaaeaieo a oaeno?
aeena?oaoe??.

6. I?aaenoaaeaia a aeai?e ?iaio? nenoaia niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iicao?i/iee /an ia ?ica(yco? on?o
i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c ei?aeoe??th ineoio?ce/ieo aaae a oiiaao ci?iai?
aeai?eaaoe??, a aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe cia/i? ?aca?ae ? ia?niaeoeai?
iai?yiee iineeaiiy ei?aeoe?eii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? ni?yiiaaiino?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a niaoe?aeuei?e oeie?, ui e?ethoueny a
eiiieaeniiio aeei?enoaii? ??cieo aeae?a ienoaoeueeeo ae?yeueiinoae ?
iiaeooue aooe ?ic?iaeai? a iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Aeei?enoaiiy ia?iaeiciaa/iai iaoa??aeo a iicao?i/i?e
ioce/ii-anoaoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo o/i?a //Aeaoaeoieia?y. ( ? 2.
(1996. ( N. 10-11.

2. Ioce/ii-anoaoe/i? eiiieaeni? caiyooy a iicao?i/i?e ae?yeueiino?
ne?ieo ae?oae // Aeaoaeoieia?y. ( ? 2. (1997. ( N. 34-36.

3. Ioce/ii-anoaoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue ne?ieo i?ae /an iicao?i/ieo caoiae?a
ia oaio “Ceia” // Aeaoaeoieia?y. ( ? 4. (1997. ( N. 32-40.

4. “??e Iiaee, ??e Iiaee, iiaai uanoy oa iaae?e!”, “C? Nayoei ??caeaii,
aoaeueoa caei?ia?!” //Aeaoaeoieia?y. ( ? 4. (1998. ( N. 35-38, 38-41.

5. Aeoiaaiiy ii/oooy ?eoio ye iniiaa i?aai?caoe?? ??cieo aeae?a
ae?yeueiino? //Ienoaoeoai a oeie?. (E.: OAeIO ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.
(Aei. 2. ( 1997. ( N. 24-28.

6. Oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/iiai aeina?aeo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a c aaaeaie ci?o a
iicao?i/iee /an // Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. ( E.: ?CII, 1997. ( 72 n.

7. Ei?aeoe?eia ni?yiiaai?noue ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai aeoiaaiiy ne?ieo
iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // ?ioaa?aoe?y aiiiaeueii? aeeoeie a no/ani?e nenoai?
nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei /Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?ae. eiio. / 2-3
eenoiiaaea 1994 ?./. ( E., 1994. ( N.135-136.

8. Aeei?enoaiiy ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a ye caniao ei?aeoe??
ni?eeiaiiy ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a // Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
i?aeaeuaiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? o/?iiy oeiey??a c ineo?/ieie aaaeaie:

Iaoa??aee iaoe.-ca?oi. eiio. /26-27 ea?oiy 1995 ?./ (E. ( ?inoeooo
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, 1995. ( N. 83-85.

9. Eiiieaenia aeei?enoaiiy ienoaoeoaa c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy oai?/iai
ni?eeiaiiy ioceee o ne?ieo ae?oae // Oai?/ee iioaioe?ae in?a c
iniaeeaeie iio?aaaie: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?. eiioa?. AOIN. (Aa?oaaa, (1996.
( N. 22. /o ni?aaaoi?noa? c A.A.THo??iith/.

10. Ei?aeoe?y anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy ae?oae c aeeaieeie ii?ooaiiyie ci?o
ye iaeei c oaeoi??a oi?ioaaiiy ?o iniaenoino? // I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo ineoieia?? a Oe?a?i?: Iaoa??aee (( c(?caeo Oiaa?enoaa
ineoieia?a Oe?a?ie /Ee?a, 23-27 aa?aniy 1996 ?./: O 16o., 18 ei. ( E.,
1996. (O. 10. Neiiic?oi “Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeaie no/anii?
aeaoaeoieia??(. ( N. 31-32.

11. I?aai?caoe?y ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ieo iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a. // Ae?oe c iaiaaeaieie o?ce/ieie oa ?icoiiaeie iiaeeeainoyie a
nenoai? ei?aeoe?eiiai iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy: Iaoa??aee i?aeia?.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. 27-28 o?aaiy 1997 ?./ ?aae. eie.: A.?.Aiiaea? oa ?i.
(E., 1997. ( N. 94-95.

12. Ei?aeoe?eia ni?yiiaai?noue ?icaeoeo ioce/ieo cae?aiinoae iieiaeoeo
oeiey??a o niaoe?ioa?iaoao // Iaaea?iaaia iniaeno?noue: iiooe, ?icaeoie,
aeiiiiiaa: Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue ia I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? 27-29 ea?oiy 1998 ?. (E.: Aiicen, 1998.
( N. 368-372.

Eoiaiei E.I. Ei?aeoe?eia ni?yiiaai?noue ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
ne?ieo iieiaeoeo oeiey??a a iicao?i/iee /an. ( ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.03 ( ei?aeoe?eia iaaeaaia?ea. ( ?inoeooo
aeaoaeoieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny aeooaeueia i?iaeaia iineeaiiy
ei?aeoe?eii-?icaeaaeueieo aieea?a niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iicaeeanii?
?iaioe a oeie?-?ioa?iao? aeey ne?ieo ae?oae ia ?o ioce/ii-anoaoe/iee
?icaeoie oeyoii aeeth/aiiy a nenoaio ienoaoeueeeo ae?yeueiinoae
eiiieaenieo oaiaoe/ieo caiyoue.

?ic?iaeai? iieacieee e e?eoa??? ioce/ii-anoaoe/iiai ni?eeiaiiy
aeicaieeee aecia/eoe niaoeeo?/i?noue eiai oi?ioaaiiy a oiiaao ci?iai?
?cieyoe??, yea ia?aaeaa/a? cai?uaiiy ? ia?aaoaeiao i?aeaiae?caoi?ieo
ca(yce?a, eiee iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo aiae?caoi??a noa? neooiaee. C
a?aooaaiiyi oeueiai ai?iaaaeaeaia nenoaia oaiaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iicao?i/ieo caiyoue, oni?oio ?aae?caoe?th yeeo
cae?eniaii oeyoii niaoe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a c aaaeaie ci?o, ni?yiiaaii? ia ?icaeoie ? ei?aeoe?th
aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiaiiy ? ona?aeiieaiiy ci?noo ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, ii?iae?caoe?th aca?iiae?? c ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai ia
iie?naini?i?e iniia?.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? iniiae nenoaie
iicao?i/ii? ?iaioe a oeie?-?ioa?iao? aeey ne?ieo ae?oae caniaaie
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ne?i? iieiaeo? oeiey??, ei?aeoe?eia ni?yiiaai?noue,
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue, ioce/ii-anoaoe/ia ni?eeiaiiy,
eiiiainaoe?y, iie?naini?ia iniiaa, i?aeaiae?caoi?i? ca(ycee, eiiieaene
ioce/ii-anoaoe/ieo iicaeeanieo caiyoue.

Eoiaiei E.A. Ei??aeoeeiiiay iai?aaeaiiinoue iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe neaiuo ieaaeoeo oeieueieeia ai aiao?i/iia a?aiy. (
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.03 ( ei??aeoeeiiiay iaaeaaiaeea. (
Einoeooo aeaoaeoieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaaouaaaony aeooaeueiay i?iaeaia oneeaiey
ei??aeoeeiiii-?acaeaathuaai aicaeaenoaey niaoeeaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee
aiaeeanniuo iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo caiyoee a oeiea-eioa?iaoa ia
oi?ie?iaaiea o neaiuo o/aieeia iocueaeueiiai aini?eyoey, iiieiaiey
aini?eiyoie eioi?iaoeee, iiauoaiey o?iaiy eo ynoaoe/aneie y?oaeeoeee e
iauae eoeueoo?u.

A ?acoeueoaoa eiinoaoe?othuaai enneaaeiaaiey auyaeaii ianiaa?oainoai
niaea?aeaiey, iaoiaeeee e i?aaiecaoeee iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneiai
iao/aiey e ainieoaiey a oeieao-eioa?iaoao aeey neaiuo aeaoae.
Aneaaenoaea yoiai noaiiayony iaeiyooaeoeaiuie oneeey i?aeoeeia a
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneii ?acaeoee oaeeo aeaoae, eioi?ia ea?aao
nouanoaaiioth ?ieue a noaiiaeaiee eo ee/iinoe.

Auaeaeaiiua iaie iieacaoaee e e?eoa?ee iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneiai
aini?eyoey ii?aaeaeeee aai niaoeeoe/iinoue a oneiaeyo c?eoaeueiie
ecieyoeee, eioi?ay i?aaeoniao?eaaao caiauaiea e ia?ano?ieeo
iaaeaiaeecaoi?iuo naycae, eiaaea iaeiei ec aaaeoueo noaiiaeony neooiaie
aiaeecaoi?.

Ia yoie iniiaa auea ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia oaiaoe/aneeo eiiieaenia
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo aiao?i/iuo caiyoee, oneeaiiay ?aaeecaoeey
eioi?uo inouanoaeaia iaie ioo?i niaoeeaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe o/aueony n aeaoaeoii c?aiey,
iai?aaeaiiie ia ?acaeoea e ei??aeoeeth aaeaeaaoiiai aini?eyoey e
iniciaiey niaea?aeaiey iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee,
ii?iaeecaoeeth acaeiiaeaenoaey n ie?oaeathuei ie?ii ia iieenaini?iie
iniiaa. Aeinoeaeaiea yoiai aiciiaeii i?e niaethaeaiee oaeeo oneiaee:
ananoi?iiiai eniieueciaaiee nio?aiiuo aiaeecaoi?ia; niaoeeaeueiie
ynoaoecaoeee ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu; ?ac?aaioee e aiaae?aiey niaoeeaeueiuo
ei??aeoeeiiii-?acaeaathueo eiiieaenia iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo caiyoee.

?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a i?aeoeea
aiao?i/iie ei??aeoeeiiii-ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a ia/aeueiuo eeannao
niaoeeaeueiuo oeie-eioa?iaoia aeey neaiuo aeaoae e ianniauo oeieao, a
nenoaia iiaeaioiaee nooaeaioia oeoeiioaeaeaiee aeaoaeoieiae/aneeo
oaeoeueoaoia aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee e iiauoaiey eaaeeoeeaoeee
?aaioieeia oeieueiuo e aiaoeieueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: neaiua ieaaeoea oeieueieee, ei??aeoeeiiiay
iai?aaeaiiinoue, iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue,
iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneia aini?eyoea, eiiiainaoeey, iieenaini?iay iniiaa,
iaaeaiaeecaoi?iua nayce, eiiieaenu iocueaeueii-ynoaoe/aneeo aiaeeanniuo
caiyoee.

Kunenko L.A. Correctional directivity is musical-aesthetic blind
activity of younger schoolboys in extra-fixed time. – Manuscript.

Thesis on cosearching for a teaching degrees of Candidate of Pedagogical
Sciences, speciality 13.00.03 – correctional pedagogics. – Institute of
Defectology of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv,
1999.

In thesises is developped actual problem of reinforcement
corrective-developping influence to special organizations
extracurricular is musical-aesthetic occupations in the boarding-school
on shaping beside blinds of pupils of musical perception, understanding
perceived information, raising a level their aesthetic eruditions and
general culture.

Keywords: blind younger schoolchildren, correctional directivity, is
musical-aesthetic activity, is musical-aesthetic perception,
compensation, polytouch base, complexes is musical-aesthetic
extracurricular occupations.

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