2

OA?E?ANUeEEE CIIAAOA?EIA?IEE ?INOEOOO

I?Ae?I TH??e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 619:618.4/.5-084]:632.2

EI?AEOe?ss IA?AA?AO ?IAe?A ? I?NEss?IAeIAIAI IA??IAeO O CA’ssCEO C
EE?I?EI-O?C?IEIA?*IEI NOAIII EI??A I?Ae *AN NOOINOITH

16.00.07 — aaoa?eia?ia aeooa?noai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ooa A?eai??e
A?eai?iae/, A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaeeiianueeee A?eai??e Ieeieaeiae/,
AEeoiie?nueea aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ?
oa?ai??

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe,

Aa/oiiia Aaea??e sseiae/, ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ee?i?/ii?
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai
in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei, I?i?noa?noai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «2»eeiiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 064.070.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo? ca aae?anith: 312050, Oa?e?anueea iaeanoue,
Aea?aa/?anueeee ?aeii, i/a Iaea Aeaiee?aea, OCA?

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

__________________ Naaaiei I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaei??th c iaeaeooaeuei?oeo i?iaeai o aaoa?eia?iiio
aeooa?noa? ? i?io?eaeoeea cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa
aiaeiiao?eoo a ei??a. Iaae ae??oaiiyi ieoaiue i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueeeo
oai?ia i?aoethaaee ? i?aoeththoue aaaaoi a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a. Na?aae ieo Ae.Ae. Eiaaeiia, A.I. Eaeeiianueeee, A.A.
Ca???aa, N.I. Oiiei, A.A. Iaaeaeaiia, ?.A. Ii?ic, Ae.N. A?eoei, A.E.
E?a?anueeee, I.A. Aaeuea?aaoeue, G.H. Arthur, ?.*. Iioeeaethian, P.C.
Bertlett oa ?i. Ca aeaieie oeeo aaoi??a, cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo
?a?no?o?oueny o 30–60 %, noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee – o 20–80 %, aiaeiiao?eo –
o 20–70 % ei??a. Oey i?iaeaia aeooaeueia ia eeoa aeey neioa?noaa
Oe?a?ie, a e ia? na?oiaa cia/aiiy.

I?e/eie ianiaiai i?iyao ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue o ei??a
iiei/iiai iai?yio iia’ycothoueny c ii?ooaiiyi iai?io ?a/iaei, i?e
a?aenooiino? eiiiainaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a, ui aeae?eythoueny c iieieii /a?ac
iaiiaiioe?iio aiae?aeth ? ii?ooaiiy oiia oo?eiaiiy.

O ca’yceo ?c cacia/aiei aeua i?io?eaeoe/ia ?iaioa uiaei caiia?aaiiy
?icaeoeo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia iaaecae/aeii neeaaeia ? iio?aao? o?aooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae noaio i?aai?cio ei??a.

Iaoa ?iaioe – iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy
iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee, aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo oa
iaie?aeiino? o ei??a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

· aea/eoe iioe?aiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo
a ei??a;

· aea/eoe i?e/eie ? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo iaoieia?? ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo;

· iaa?oiooaaoe oa aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue iaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a
i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe??, aiaeiiao?eoo oa
iaie?aeiino?;

· ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue oa iaie?aeiino?
ei??a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ? /anoeiith
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie 082/1-8, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0193042476.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeiiii??iee aieea ii?ooaiiy aeeiai?ee
ai?noo a?io?i?/ieo, aiaeie?eiieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia?
nooino?eieo oa eaeooth/eo ei??a ia ?icaeoie aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia ?
iaie?aei?noue; iaa?oioiaaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia
aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeo iaaeeeaiaioicii?
i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo i?e
noii?aiiio oa iani?eyoeeaiio i?iaiicao ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ?
cai?iiiiiaaii aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai iaa?oioiaaia
canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iaaeeeaiaioiciiai iaoiaeo i?io?eaeoeee
cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo ? iaie?aeiino? ei??a
i?e inoaiaeeno?io?? ? ianoeo? a ia?o? 15 aei?a nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo (ca
60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a). Aeiaaaeaii, ui o?e?aciaa aaaaeaiiy oao?aa?oo,
aeai?aciaa – EAO? ? iaeii?aciaa – iao??th naeai?oo ? iaeaoaeoeai?oei
iaaeeeaiaioiciei iaoiaeii i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oai?ia.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiaii aanue ianya
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeai?: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii a?aeoai?aiith
noaaea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iiei/iiai iai?yio (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1995);
Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie «Ianoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei» (Ee?a, 1997); Ooo/ia in?iai?iiy ei??a
? oaeeoeue: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999). ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a ENI ?i. Oaa/aiea Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio ? o AeA
«Oaa/aie?anueea» Oao??anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aea/aii? eo?no
«Aeooa?noai, a?iaeieia?y ? a?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy n.-a. oaa?ei» ia
oaeoeueoao? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia?iiio oaeoeueoao? oa a
?inoeooo? i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ea??aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie i?e A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai?, iaaiai?ai? ? noaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo c ieoaiue aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? ? a?ioaoiieia??
?iciiiaeaiiy (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1993; Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994; Ee?a,
1994, 1996; A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994, 1995, 1998; Oa?e?a, 1994, 1997), a
oaeiae – ia can?aeaii? iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ?i. ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aena?oeai? o 22 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, c yeeo o?noue – iioae?eiaai? o
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo ? o?e – oa?eoee aei neeaaeo aeaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 153 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 18 oaaeeoeyie ? 15 ?enoieaie. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie
? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 428 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? – 89
ca?oa?aeieo.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/aia iioe?ai?noue, iniaeeaino?
iaoiaaiaco cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo ?
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee, aecia/aia ?o aoaeoeai?noue oa aeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Aea?? iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee a oiiaao iiei/iioiaa?ii? oa?ie iaeiaiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oiaa?enoaa (INAO) «Onoei?anueea»
Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? o 1991–1994 ?ieao.

Iaoa??aeii aeey iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ei?iae /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee
a?eii 4–8 ?ie?a, na?aaeiuei? aaiaeiaaiino?, ianith o?ea 450–500 ea, ?c
na?aaeiuei??/iith iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth 3–3,5 oen. ea.
Caaacia/ai?noue ?aoe?ii?a o ??ci? ii?e ?ieo ca caaaeueiith iiaeeai?noth
noaiiaeea 62–100 %.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca 60–45 aei?a aei i/?eoaaieo ?iae?a
aea/aee ee?i?/iee noaoon 50-oe nooino?eieo ei??a. I?ney caaaeueiiai
ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aee iayai?noue ee?i?/ii? noaae??
inoaiaeeno?io?? oa caiaeaiiy iiei/ii? caeice. Ai?iiiaeuei?, ii?oieia?/i?
oa a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee o ia?o? 15 aei?a
nooinoith, i?ae /an ?iae?a oa ia 18–22-e aeaiue i?ney ?iae?a.
?a?no?oaaee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?th ? iao?eo oa
caie?aeiai?noue ei??a i?ioyaii 90 aei?a i?ney ?iae?a.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?iaioe ei?iaai canoiniaoaaee iaaeeeaiaioici? iaoiaee
i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue. C ei??a ?c noii?aiei
? iani?eyoeeaei i?iaiicii uiaei ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo ca 60–45 aei?a aei i/?eoaaieo ?iae?a noi?ioaaee i’youe
aeine?aeieo a?oi. Ia?oa aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?iaiaeeee a?ae?aco i?ney
oi?ioaaiiy a?oie, ae?oaa ? o?ao? – c ?ioa?aaeii o 7–10 aei?a. Noaia
aeine?aeo iaaaaeaia o oaae. 1.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy iciae inoaiaeeno?io?? o ei??a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a
iaeueiaoi?ii aeine?aeaeoaaee inoaiith ia?o ?aaa?. Caa?oaee oaaao ia
iayai?noue ai?aeoaaoino? ia ?oi?e iiaa?oi? aai ia ?o ?icniieooaaiiy.
Nooi?iue e?i?eii? aeaoi?iaoe?? inoaii?o oainoiaeo o?aaoe?a aecia/aee ca
aeiiiiiaith neiino?oeiaaiiai iaie i?eeaaeo (cayaea ia aeiao?ae ?
99031628 a?ae 23.03.1999).

Ee?i?/i? oi?ie ianoeoo a nooino?eieo ei??a aecia/aee iaeyaeii,
iaeueiaoe??th iiei/ii? caeice ? a?coaeueiith ioe?ieith nae?aoo.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?ioa?i?aooaaee ca eeaneo?eaoe??th A.I.
Nooaeaioeiaa.

?iaiethoe?th noaoaaeo i?aai?a aecia/aee iaoiaeaie iaeyaeo, iaeueiaoe?? ?
?aeoaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a

A?oia oaa?eiAaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?aia?oaae?oaao?ao?Aeine?aei?
1Oao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie2Oao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO?
– 4 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO? – 4 ie3Oao?aa?o – 15 ie,

0,2 %-iee ?ic/ei Na2Se – 25 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie4Oao?aa?o
– 15 ie, 0,2 %-iee ?ic/ei Na2Se – 25 ie,

EAO? – 4 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO? – 4
ieEiio?ieueiaI?aia?aoe ia aaiaeeee

Eieae?caoe?th caiaeaiiy o noaoaaiio aia?ao? ei??a aecia/aee ?c
o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo aaa?iaeueiiai ? ?aeoaeueiiai iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa aeiaeaoeiai aeine?aeaeoaaee aenoaeao, acyoee ?c iaoee ca aeiiiiiaith
eaoaoa?a aeey ?aeoioea?a?eaeueiiai niiniao aaaaeaiiy nia?ie, c’?aeiaiiai
aoiiaith o?oaeith c oi?eoeii AEaia.

I?iya noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? o ei??a ?a?no?oaaee ca aeaieie aeo?iaeo
in?iai?iue i?ioyaii 90 aei?a i?ney ?iae?a. O?euei?noue anoaiiaethaaee
o?ain?aeoaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi /a?ac 75–105 aei?a i?ney inoaiiueiai
in?iai?iiy.

E?ia aeey aeine?aeaeaiue o ei??a a?aee ia?aae ?aieiaith aiae?aeath ?c
y?aiii? aaie /ioe?e ?ace o ianooii?e iine?aeiaiino?: ca 60–45 aei?a aei
ia?aaeaa/oaaieo ?iae?a, ia?aae aaaaeaiiyi i?aia?ao?a, /a?ac 7–10 aei?a
i?ney inoaiiueiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a, i?ae /an noaae?? a?aeie?aieaiiy
iine?aeo ? ia 18–22-e aeaiue i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo.

Aea?? oeeo oa?i?i?a aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? coiiaeaiee iaea?eueo
oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie, ui aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a ?iae?a,
i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo ? a?aeiiaeaiiy a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ei??a
(Iaaeaeaiia A.A., 1985; Iaoiaiei E.E., 1989; Eiaiaeei A.N., Ieeaeiaa
O.A., 1994).

Aecia/aiiy ai?noo i?iaanoa?iio, ano?aae?ieo, aiae?inoa?iio,
oanoinoa?iio, ei?oeciio, oe?ieneio oa ?inoe?io o ieaci? e?ia? i?iaiaeeee
i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai caii?iaeoaaiiy o iie?noe?ieiaeo i?ia??eao o
??aeeiio acio?. Ieacio e?ia? ei??a aeine?aeaeoaaee o ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i?e
eaai?aoi???. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ?c canoinoaaiiyi
?aae?iae?aaiinoe/ieo iaai??a ?aaaaio?a ae?iaieoeoaa OII?AIO AI A?N?,
aeaoaeoiaaieo J125 ia -e?/eeueieeao ?EA–300 o??ie LKB. ?ic?aooiee
aeeiioaaee ca noaiaea?oiith e?eaith, a oaeiae ia eiii’thoa??
«Aeaeo?ii?ea–15» ANI5.

Ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ?ao?aeoiiao?a,
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a – ca ?aaeoe??th c iao??th noeueoaoii, caaaeueiiai
eaeueoe?th – o?eeiiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii c io?aeneaeii, iai?aai?/iiai
oinoi?o – ca Aeona, ea?ioeio – aeno?aaoaaiiyi iao?ieaeiei ao??ii ?
oioiiao?oaaiiyi, a?oai?io A – ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? ca iaoiaeeeith Aannay
a iiaeeo?eaoe?? Ai?niai?.

O e?ia? aecia/aee ai?no aaiiaeia?io – aaiiaeia?ioe?ai?aeiei iaoiaeii,
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? eaeeioeeo?a – i?e?ineii??th a e?/eeuei?e
eaia?? ?c n?oeith Ai?y?aa (Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Eoae?yaoeaaa E.A., 1973), a
eaeeia?aio – i?ae?aooieii e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a, e?ioioeeo?a,
iiiioeeo?a, aacio?e?a oa aiceiio?e?a o o?eniaaieo iaceao.

Aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a o e?ia? ei??a
i?iaiaeeee a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e i?aeeaoaae?aeuei?e eaai?aoi??? oa a
eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo niinia?a i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy
iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo a ei??a aecia/aee ca iaoiaeaie
O.O. A?eioniaa c ni?aaao. (1982) oa INA N?N? (Aaoa?eia?ey.– 1984.– ? 1.–
N. 73–79), a noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia
eiii’thoa?? Pentium–166 ca iaoiaeeeith E.A. Ieaeia (1960).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aiae?c

*anoioa aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ei??a, ?o i?e/eie ? iaoiaaiac

Aiae?c aeaieo aaoa?eia?iiai iae?eo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o INAO
«Onoei?anueea», ui niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?iaieoeoa? iieiea, iieacaa, ui
iioe?ai?noue cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo na?aae oaa?ei, ye? ioaeeeeny o
1991–1994 ?ieao, aoea a iaaeao 29–35 %; noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee
?a?no?oaaeany o 30–36 %, a aiaeiiao?eo – o 24–30 % ei??a. Ca
/ioe?e??/iee oa?i?i o na?aaeiueiio cao?eieith iine?aeo ?a?no?oaaeiny o
32 %, noa?iaiethoe?y – o 34 %, caoai?thaaiiy ia aiaeiiao?eo – o 27 %
oaa?ei.

Aeeiai?ea aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? o ei??a a oiiaao INAO «Onoei?anueea»
iaea naciii? iniaeeaino? ? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ??ceei ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe
aeieeiaiiy oai?ia c ethoiai ii o?aaaiue aeeth/ii (?en. 1).

?en. 1 — Iioe?ai?noue aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ??ci? ii?e ?ieo

Aea/aiiy i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee,
aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo oa iaie?aeiino? o ei??a i?iaiaeeee
ca aeaieie aiae?co ?aoe?ii?a aiae?ae?, oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy, ee?i?/iiai
noaio oaa?ei ca 60–45 aei?a aei ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ioaeaiiy oa ca
iieacieeaie iai?io ?a/iaei.

Aiae?c ?aoe?ii?a aeey eaeooth/eo ? nooino?eieo ei??a i?iaiaeeee o
ceiiai-no?eeiaee ia??iae. ?aoe?ii eaeooth/eo ei??a aoa ia 120 %
caaeainiaaiee ca ei?iiaeie iaeeieoeyie. A?aei?/aany iaaeeeoie cae?ca,
ea?ioeio ? a?oai?io A. Caaacia/ai?noue ei??a ne?ei ? ia?ao?aaiei
i?ioa?iii noaiiaeea eeoa 55 % oa 57 % a?aeiia?aeii, eaeueoe??i – 26,6 %,
a a?oai?iii D – 2,6 %.

No?oeoo?a ?aoe?iio ei??a oeaoo io?eiaiiy iieiea aoea oaeith: a?oa? ei?ie
– 15 %, nieiaeo? – 80,1 %, eiioeaio?iaai? – 4,4 %.

O ?aoe?ii? aeey ei??a oeaoo nooinoith a?aei?/aany aeao?oeeo ia?ao?aaiiai
i?ioa?io ia 11 %, oeoe?o – ia 42 %, oinoi?o – ia 48 %, ea?ioeio – ia 64
% ? a?oai?io D – ia 66 %. ?aoe?ii nooino?eieo ei??a aeeth/aa 46,9 %
a?oaeo, 46,8 % nieiaeoeo ? 6,3 % eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a.

Eaeooth/? ? nooino?ei? ei?iae ainiiaea?noaa a ceiiai-aaniyio ii?o ?ieo
iino?eii i?ioyaii aeiae ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?ea’yc?, ui aeeeth/aei iioe?ii,
aa?aoe?th eaaaiue oa ?inieyoe?th, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny ao?aoith eiio?ieth
ca nai?oa?iei noaiii nooino?eiiai ? ?iaeeeueiiai a?aeae?eaiue ?
i?aeaeuoaaei eiia??i?noue ianaaeoaaiiy i?e?ioei?e; a?aei?/aeany
oaoiiaaiia ? a?ieia?/ia caaaciaai?noue i?ei?uaiue.

Ioaea, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aiae?aey ei??a aoea iaiiaiioe?iiith, a a
oo?eiaii? a?aecia/aeeny ii?ooaiiy, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaaee ia noai
i?aai?cio ei??a.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ae?? iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a aeiae?eey o e?ia?
12 % nooino?eieo ei??a ii?oooaaany ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, o 14 % –
caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, o 54 % – caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th, o 62 % –
iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o, o 80 % – eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy,
o 24 % – ea?ioeio, o 12 % – aaiiaeia?io; o 12 % oaa?ei ciaiooaaeany
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? o 24 % – eaeeioeeo?a. Iiae?ai? ?iceaaee
niinoa??aaeeny ? i?ae /an ?iae?a oa i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo.
Oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie aoei cieaeaiiy ai?noo cacia/aieo iieaciee?a. I?e
cao?eiaii? iine?aeo ei??a a??ia?aeii cieaeoaaany ai?no caaaeueiiai
a?eea, caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, ea?ioeio (?<0,05), e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a (?<0,01) ? eaeeioeeo?a (?<0,001) oa ca?eueooaaeany e?euee?noue aiceiio?e?a (?<0,001) ii??aiyii c? caei?iaeie oaa?eiaie. Ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei o nooino?eieo ei??a oa cieaeaiiy ?acenoaioiino? ni?eyee ?icaeoeo o 66 % oaa?ei inoaiaeeno?io?? oa o 14 % – caiaeaiiy iiei/ii? caeice. O ei??a c iciaeaie inoaiaeeno?io?? a?aei?/aee ciaioaiiy eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ai?noo caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th ? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o (oaae. 2). Oaaeeoey 2 Ai?no caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th oa iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? nooino?eieo ei??a IieacieeeOaa?ei o aeine?ae?Caaaeueiee eaeueoe?e, ia/100 ieIai?aai?/iee oinoi?, ia/100 ieNa : ?Ei?iae c iciaeaie inoaiaeeno?io??338,4 ± 0,44,6 ± 0,31,8 : 1C o?c?ieia?/iith ii?iith1711,8 ± 0,35,4 ± 0,22,2 : 1P <0,0010,05 Oae, o ei??a c e?i?eiith aeaoi?iaoe??th inoaii?o oainoiaeo o?aaoe?a ia iii??ia noeneoaaiiy a?ae 5 aei 10 ii oa a?eueoa 10 ii cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo ?a?no?oaaeiny o 47 % ? 56 %, noa?iaiethoe?y – o 47 % ? 88 %, aiaeiiao?eo – o 35 % oa 69 %, a o caei?iaeo oaa?ei (e?i?eia aeaoi?iaoe?y ia ia?aaeuoaaea 5 ii) aeooa?nuee? oai?iae ia aeieeaee. Iiae?aia caeiiii??i?noue niinoa??aaeany oaeiae i?e ??ciiio noai? inoaii?o ?aaa?. O ei??a c ai?aeoaao?noth oa ?icniieooaaiiyi inoaii?o ?aaa? iioe?ai?noue iaoieia?e ?iae?a noaiiaeea 42 % ? 78 %, noa?iaiethoe?? – 50 % ? 89 %, aiaeiiao?eoo – 33 % oa 78 %. ??cieoey caoai?thaaiino? oaa?ei o an?o aeiaaeeao aoea a??ia?aeiith (?<0,05–0,01). *anoioa aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo i?e caiaeaii? iiei/ii? caeice ei??a i?ae /an nooinoith oaeiae cia/ii c?inoaea: ia 35 %, 10 ? 15 % (?< 0,05). Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo iaie aeaieo uiaei iaoai?ci?a aeieeiaiiy ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oai?ia o ei??a i?e iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ie c?iaeee aeniiaie i?i ianooiio iine?aeiai?noue /eiiee?a: iani?eyoeea? oiiae ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?ecaiaeeee aei ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei oa aeieeiaiiy inoaiaeeno?io?? ? ianoeoo, ye? iaoiaaiaoe/ii aoee iia’ycai? c aeooa?nueeeie oai?iaaie. Aeey c’ynoaaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia, iia’ycaieo c ?iceaaeaie ooieoe?? y?/iee?a ? ieaoeaioe, aea/aee iieacieee noa?i?aeiaaiaco. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaia aeeiai?ea ai?noo i?iaanoa?iio, ano?aae?ieo ? aiae?inoa?iio a e?ia? caei?iaeo ? oai?eo ei??a i?ioyaii nooinoith, ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo (?en. 2, 3). ?en. 2 - E?iaoeea iieaciee?a i?iaanoa?iio o e?ia? ei??a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a (1), i?ae /an ?iae?a (2) oa /a?ac 18–22 aei? i?ney ?iae?a (3) Onoaiiaeee, ui ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a o ieaci? e?ia? ei??a, ye? o iiaeaeueoiio oai??ee i?ae /an ?iae?a ? o i?ney?iaeiaiio ia??iae?, ai?no i?iaanoa?iio aoa ieae/ei ia 28 % (?<0,01), a ano?aae?ieo – ia 24 % (?<0,01), i?ae o caei?iaeo oaa?ei. I?ae /an ?iae?a o oaa?ei ?c cao?eiaiiyi iine?aeo ai?no i?iaanoa?iio aoa i?aeaeuaiee ia 13 %, a ano?aae?ieo – ia 10 %. Iane?aeeii oaeeo aiaeie?eiieo ci?i aoei cieaeaiiy i?ae /an nooinoith i?iaanoa?iii-ano?aae?ieiaiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?i? 2,5:1) ? i?aeaeuaiiy oeueiai iieacieea i?ae /an ?iae?a aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?i? 1,8:1). Iiae?ai? ci?ie noa?i?aeiaaiaco o oai?eo ei??a ? ia’?eoeaiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?iceaae?a y?/iee?a, ui ni?e/eiy? ii?ooaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o nooino?eieo ei??a, nei?ioeeai? ooieoe?? iaoee i?ae /an ?iae?a ? o i?ney?iaeiaiio ia??iae?. ?en. 3 - Ai?no ano?aae?ieo a e?ia? ei??a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a (1), i?ae /an ?iae?a (2) oa /a?ac 18–22 aei? i?ney ?iae?a (3) Ia 18–22-e aeaiue i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo o oai?eo ei??a i?inoaaeo?oueny yaeua a?iiooieoe?? y?/iee?a c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo aiae?inoa?iio. Cacia/ai? ci?ie aeieeathoue i?e iia??oaii? a?iiaoecaoe??, ui iia’yco?oueny c ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe?? a?iio?ca. Aecia/aiiy ai?noo oe?ieneio ? ei?oeciio a e?ia? oai?eo ? caei?iaeo ei??a o aeeiai?oe? nooino?e–?iaee–i?ney?iaeiaee ia??iae ia aeaei i?aenoaa aeey oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i ca’ycee ooieoe?? ueoiaeaeii? ? iaaeie?eiaeo caeic c ?icaeoeii aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia (??cieoey aoea iaa??ia?aeiith). Aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei o ee?oeiao oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno c?inoa? eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy ieneaeaioiiai noaio, cieaeaiiy ?acenoaioiino? oa ooieoe?? ieaoeaioe ? ii?ooaiiy aca?iica’yce?a i?ae i?aai?ciii iaoa?? ? ieiaea. Iiae?aiee noai iaoee ? ieaoeaioa?ieo oeaiei iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei aaaaoueio iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a: ii?ooaiiy noa?i?aeiaaiaco oa ooai?aiiy ?ioeo ieaoeaioa?ieo ai?iii?a; aeieeiaiiy aeenooieoe?? y?/iee?a ? i’yc?a iaoee c ianooiiith ia?aeiiith neaae?noth ia?aei ? iiooa; ca?eueoo?oueny eiia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy ieaoeaioeo?a c ianooiiei c?iuaiiyi aeeoy/i? ? iaoa?einueei? /anoei ieaoeaioe; ii?ooo?oueny o?io?ea ? aaciiai?i i?ae i?aai?ciii iaoa?? oa ieiaea, ui ni?e/eith? cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo c ianooiiei ?icaeoeii noa?iaiethoe?? ? caiaeaiiy iaoee (?en. 4). ?en. 4 - Iaoai?ci ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia O oaa?ei c aeooa?nueeith iaoieia??th c /anii /anoi aeieeathoue a?iaeieia?/i? oai?iae, ii?ooo?oueny noaoaaa oeeee?/i?noue ? cieaeo?oueny caie?aeiai?noue. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ai?iaaoe?y iaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue I?aai?caoe?eii-ainiiaea?nuee?, aa?iciioaoi?/i? caoiaee i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia ? iaie?aeiino? ei??a a?aeii? ? iathoue caaacia/oaaoe iiaiioe?iio aiae?aeth, iaeaaei? oiiae oo?eiaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe??. A?aoiaoth/e, ui ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei, inoaiaeeno?io?y ? ianoeo o ei??a ainiiaea?noa Ee?anueeiai ?aa?iio iaaoee ianiaiai oa?aeoa?o, a /anoioa aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o?nii iia’ycaia c ieneaeaioiei noaiii, iaie ai?iaiaaia iaaeeeaiaioicia i?io?eaeoeea ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue o oaa?ei, oai?eo ia inoaiaeeno?io?th ? ianoeo. C iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a ie canoiniaoaaoe oao?aa?o, Na2Se ? EAO? ca noaiith, iiaeaiith o oaaeeoe? 1. Oao?aa?o canoiniaoaaee oiio, ui aei eiai neeaaeo aoiaeyoue aioeieneaeaioe – a?oai?i A ? A, a oaeiae a?oai?ie D i F. A?oai?i A i?aeaeuo? caoenio ooieoe?th ai?oae?th noaoaaeo i?aai?a ? oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo oa noeioeth? eiai ?aaaia?aoe?th, aa?a o/anoue a ieenii-a?aeiiaieo ?aaeoe?yo ? iie?ioo? ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio. A?oai?i A aa?a o/anoue a iai?i? a?ee?a, aee??a ? aoaeaaiae?a, caiia?aa? ooai?aiith ia?aeen?a, i?aeaeuo? nei?i/oaaeueio ooieoe?th eai?ey??a, caie?aeiai?noue ? iie?auo? aia??iaaiac. A?oai?i D iie?ioo? iaoaaie?ci ? oinoi?ii-eaeueoe??aee iai?i. A?oai?i F aa?a o/anoue o aee?iaiio iai?i?, ii?iae?co? i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE), ni?ey? ia?aoiaeo oieanoa?eio o ?ic/eii? oi?ie, ye? iio?i eaaei aeaiaeyoueny c i?aai?cio. Iao??th naeai?o (Na2Se) aieeaa? ia i?aai?ci ye oieioa?ie, aa?a o/anoue a ieenii-a?aeiiaieo ?aaeoe?yo, ci?oeith? no?oeoo?o ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, ? i?e?iaeiei aioeieneaeaioii. I?aia?ao EAO? aeei?enoiaoaaee oiio, ui a?i aieeaa? ia i?ioeane i?ie?oa?aoe??, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa niaoe?ae?caoe?? O-nenoaie, ii?iae?co? ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ee?oeiiiai ? aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo. ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?aia?ao?a ei?iaai c iciaeaie noii?aiiai ? iani?eyoeeaiai i?iaiico (e?i?eia aeaoi?iaoe?y inoaii?o oainoiaeo o?aaoe?a 5 ii ? a?eueoa; ai?aeoaao?noue iiaa?oi?, /anoeiaa aai iiaia ?icniieooaaiiy inoaii?o ?aaa?; ianoeo) ca 60–45 aei?a aei ia?aaeaa/oaaieo ?iae?a iiaeaii a oaaeeoe? 3. Oaaeeoey 3 Aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee iioe?aieo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ei??a A?oie oaa?eiOaa?ei o aeine?ae?Ca?a?no?iaai? oai?iae, %cao?eiaiiy iine?aeonoa?iaiethoe?y iaoeeaiaeiiao?eo Aeine?aei?:ia?oa2339,1*56,547,8ae?oaa1241,7*58,341,7*o?aoy1540,0*46,726, 7*/aoaa?oa1735,3*41,2*23,5**Eiio?ieueia2259,159,159,1I?ei?oea: * – ?< 0,05; ** – ?< 0,01 ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiy i?io?eaeoeee iioe?aieo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ei??a ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo i?aia?ao?a na?ae/aoue, ui canoinoaaiiy o ??cieo eiia?iaoe?yo oao?aa?oo, ?ic/eio iao??th naeai?oo ? EAO? aeathoue aenieo i?io?eaeoe/io oa aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue. Ei?aeoe?y iai?io ?a/iaei iaaeeeaiaioicieie i?aia?aoaie o aeine?aeieo ei??a aeeeeeaea a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo a e?ia? ea?ioeio, caaaeueiiai a?eea, iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o, a?eo?ioeeo?a, eaeeioeeo?a, e?ioioeeo?a oa ii?iae?coaaea Na:? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy. Iaeaeuith aoaeoeai?noue i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo aoea o /aoaa?o?e aeine?aei?e a?oi? i?e canoinoaaii? nooino?eiei ei?iaai o?e?aciaiai aioo??oiueii’yciaiai aaaaeaiiy oao?aa?oo a aeic? 15 ie, i?aeoe??ii – 0,2 %-iiai ?ic/eio iao??th naeai?oo o aeic? 25 ie iaeii?aciai i?e ia?oiio aaaaeaii? oao?aa?oo oa EAO? a aeic? 4 ie aeai?aciai i?e ia?oiio ? inoaiiueiio aaaaeaii? oao?aa?oo. O oe?e a?oi? oaa?ei /anoioa aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia aoea iaeiaioith. A?aeiii, ui iaoieia?y ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeia? caoai?thaaiiy ei??a aieeaathoue ia i?iya a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ? aeieeiaiiy iaie?aeiino?, iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? i?aeoaa?aeeee oeth caeiiii??i?noue (oaae. 4). Oaaeeoey 4 Iieacieee a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ei??a aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi A?oie oaa?eiOaa?ei o aeine?ae?Caie?aeieeenue ca 90 aei?a?ioa?aae a?ae ioaeaiiy aei caie?aeiaiiyAei?a iaie?aeiino? M±m?iaeaen in?iai?iiyn%Aeine?aei?:ia?oa23626,071,0±10,155,0±4,42,0ae?oaa11436,454,0 ±9,847,0±6,41,5o?aoy14857,1*50,0±6,3*37,0±7,7*1,4/aoaa?oa171164,7*47,0±7 ,5*35,0±5,8*1,3Eiio?ieueia22627,378,0±9,157,0±6,22,2I?ei?oea: * – ?< 0,05 Iaee?aua ?aae?caoe?y a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? aoea o /aoaa?o?e aeine?aei?e a?oi? ei??a: ca 90–aeaiiee oa?i?i niinoa?aaeaiiy i?ney ?iae?a caie?aeieeiny 65 % (?< 0,05 %) oaa?ei, i?e 35 (?< 0,05) aeiyo iaie?aeiino?; ?ioa?aae a?ae ioaeaiiy aei caie?aeiaiiy aoa iaioei ia 40 % (?< 0,05) ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith oaa?ei. O ia?o?e ? ae?oa?e aeine?aei?e a?oiao oaa?ei aoaeoeai?noue in?iai?iue a??ia?aeii ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae eiio?ieueieo, a o o?ao?e – iaaeeaeaeany aei ?acoeueoao?a /aoaa?oi? aeine?aeii? a?oie. Ioaea, aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oai?ia oa iaie?aeiino? ei??a i?aeoaa?aeeea aeioe?euei?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy. O oaa?ei, yeei i?ae /an nooinoith canoiniaoaaee oao?aa?o, Na2Se ? EAO?, iie?iooaaany iai?i ?a/iaei, i?aeaeuoaaeeny iieacieee ?acenoaioiino?, ciaiooaaeany /anoioa cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe??, aiaeiiao?eoo oa ?ici??e iaie?aeiino?. I?iaaaeai? iaie aeine?aee aeathoue i?aenoaao oaa?aeeoe, ui i?e iaiiaiioe?ii?e aiae?ae?, iaaeie?eao oo?eiaiiy, a?aenooiino? ?inieyoe??, ii?ooaii? ia?aiao??a i?e?iee?iaoo, ao?ao? eiio?ieth ca nai?oa?iei noaiii o nooino?eiiio ? ?iaeeeueiiio a?aeae?eaiiyo oa i?aeaeuaii? eiia??iino? ianaaeoaaiiy i?e?ioei?e o ei??a iiei/iiai iai?yio ?icaeaa?oueny ianiaa ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei ? noa?i?aeiaaiaco, /anoi aeieea? inoaiaeeno?io?y oa ianoeo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ieneaeaioiiai noaio. Ai?iaiaai? iaie iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo oeyoii aaaaeaiiy iaaieo i?aia?ao?a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a ei?iaai, o yeeo ?a?no?oaaeeny inoaiaeeno?io?y ? ianoeo ia ii/aoeo nooinoith, ciaioothoue /anoioo i?iyao aeooa?nueei? iaoieia??, aea ia caaacia/othoue 100 %-iee i?io?eaeoe/iee aoaeo, ui iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee. Aeniiaee 1. A oiiaao iiei/ieo eiiieaen?a cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo aeieea? o 32 %, noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee – o 34 %, a aino?ee i?ney?iaeiaee aiaeiiao?eo – o 27 % ei??a; iaaani? o oaa?ei c inoaiaeeno?io??th oa caiaeaiiyi iiei/ii? caeice i?ae /an nooinoith e?euee?noue iaoieia?e ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaeo caoai?thaaiue c?inoa? aei 28–89 % (?<0,001). 2. Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee oa aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo o ei??a ?: iaiiaiioe?iia aiae?aey, a?aenooi?noue aeoeaiiai iioe?iio (a?iiaeeiai?y) oa iia??oaiiy nai?oa?iiai noaio i?ei?uaiue oeaoo nooinoith ? ?iaeeeueiiai a?aeae?eaiiy i?e ianiaeo ioaeaiiyo o ceiiai-aaniyio ii?o ?ieo. 3. Iani?eyoeea? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei o 80 % ei??a oa ?icaeoeo o 66 % nooino?eieo oaa?ei inoaiaeeno?io?? ? o 14 % – ianoeoo. ?iceaaee iai?io ?a/iaei ? oai?iae nooino?eieo ei??a iathoue a??ia?aeiee (?<0,05) ca’ycie c aeieeiaiiyi cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? ? i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo. 4. Iaoiaaiac cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? ? i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo iia’ycaiee c ?iceaaeaie noa?i?aeiaaiaco o ei??a. Oa?aeoa?iei iaoiaaiaoe/iei /eiieeii ? aeenooieoe?y y?/iee?a ? ieaoeaioe o nooino?eieo ei??a c? cieaeaiiyi I:A ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aei 2,3:1, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ai?noo i?iaanoa?iio ? i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ano?aae?ieo a ieaci? e?ia?. Ia /an ?iae?a o ei??a ?c cao?eiaiiyi iine?aeo I:A ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny aei 2,3:1, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aaeueioaaiiy nei?ioeeai? ooieoe?? i’yc?a iaoee, ?? aoii?? oa ni?ey? cao?eiaii? iine?aeo. 5. Aeooa?nuee? oai?iae ni?e/eiythoue aiao?iaeec?th o 100 % ei??a, a caie?aeiai?noue oaa?ei, ui ia?aoai??ee, i?ioyaii 90 aei?a cieaeo?oueny ia 17 %. Cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ei??a iia’ycaia c ii?ooaiiyi iai?io ?a/iaei oa aiaeie?eiii? ooieoe?? y?/iee?a. 6. O?e?aciaa aaaaeaiiy nooino?eiei ei?iaai oao?aa?oo a aeic? 15 ie c ?ioa?aaeii 7–10 aei?a ni?ey? iie?ioaiith A-a?oai?iiiai iai?io, ca?eueoaiith ai?noo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th, ciaioaiith aeiaaee?a cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo. *anoioa ?icaeoeo aiao?iaeec?? ciaioo?oueny ia 29 %, ?ici??e iaie?aeiino? – ia 2 aei? oa ia 0,2 – ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy. 7. O?e?aciaa aaaaeaiiy nooino?eiei ei?iaai oao?aa?oo a aeic? 15 ie ? aeai?aciaa – EAO? a aeic? 4 ie iie?ioo? A-a?oai?iiee iai?i, i?aeaeuo? ai?no o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, aaiiaeia?io, ii?iae?co? eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ciaioo? /anoioo aeiaaee?a cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo. *anoioa i?iyao aiao?iaeec?? cieaeo?oueny ia 23 %, ?ici??e iaie?aeiino? – ia 10 aei?a oa ia 0,7 – ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy. 8. ?aiiy i?io?eaeoeea iaoieia?? ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaeo caoai?thaaiue oa iaie?aeiino? ei??a oeyoii o?e?aciaiai canoinoaaiiy nooino?eiei oaa?eiai oao?aa?oo a aeic? 15 ie ? iaeii?aciaiai aaaaeaiiy 0,2 %-iiai ?ic/eio iao??th naeai?oo a aeic? 25 ie ni?ey? iie?ioaiith A-a?oai?iiiai iai?io, i?aeaeuaiith ai?noo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, aaiiaeia?io, ii?iae?co? eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ciaioo? /anoioo aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo. *anoioa i?iyao aiao?iaeec?? ciaioo?oueny ia 31 %, ?ici??e iaie?aeiino? – ia 20 aei?a oa ia 0,8 – ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy. 9. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ?c ai?iaiaaieo iaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia ? aaaaeaiiy nooino?eiei ei?iaai eiiieaeno i?aia?ao?a (oao?aa?o, iao??th naeai?o ? EAO?). I?ney eo?no e?eoaaiiy o oaa?ei iie?ioo?oueny A-a?oai?iiee iai?i, i?aeaeuo?oueny ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, aaiiaeia?io, ii?iae?co?oueny eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy; o ei??a ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo ia 24 %, noa?iaiethoe?? – ia 18 % oa aiaeiiao?eoo – ia 36 %. *anoioa i?iyao aiao?iaeec?? cieaeo?oueny ia 36 %, ?ici??e iaie?aeiino? – ia 22 aei? oa ia 0,9 – ?iaeaen in?iai?iiy. I?iiiceoe?? ae?iaieoeoao 1. I?e aeyaeaii? o nooino?eieo ei??a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a iciae inoaiaeeno?io?? ? caiaeaiiy iiei/ii? caeice canoiniaoaaoe o?e?aciaa aioo??oiueii’yciaa aaaaeaiiy oao?aa?oo a aeic? 15 ie c ?ioa?aaeii 7–10 ae?a. I?e ia?oiio aaaaeaii? oao?aa?oo ei?iaai ne?ae i?aeoe??ii aaiaeeoe 25 ie 0,2 %-iiai ?ic/eio iao??th naeai?oo. Aeey iineeaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii? ae?? oao?aa?oo ? iao??th naeai?oo aeioe?eueii aea?/?, i?e ia?oiio ? o?aoueiio aaaaeaii? nooino?eiei ei?iaai a?oai?i?a, aioo??oiueii’yciai aaiaeeoe ii 4 ie i?aia?aoo EAO?. 2. Aeey i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee ? aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo o ei??a iaiao?aeii caaacia/oaaoe oaa?ei iiaiioe?iiith aiae?aeath, iaeaaeieie oiiaaie oo?eiaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe?? ca?aeii c iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie [Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii a?aeoai?aiith noaaea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iiei/iiai iai?yio (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1995); Ianoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei (Ee?a, 1997); Ooo/ia in?iai?iiy ei??a ? oaeeoeue (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999)]. Nienie ioae?eaoe?e ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? 1. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?iaiicoaaiiy a?aeoai?ii? caeaoiino? o ei??a ? ?acoeueoaoe ?o ai?iaaoe?? / A.A. Oa?ooa, TH.O. Caaea??iee, TH.I. I?ae?i, N.N. Aieeia, A.I. ?aanaiei // Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia: I?aea?ae. oaiao. iaoe. ca.– E.: O?iaeae, 1993.– ? 68.– N. 21–25. 2. Noeioeyoe?y noaoaai? ooieoe?? ei??a / A.Oa?ooa, N. Aieeia, A, ?aanaiei, TH.I?ae?i, I. Aaeuea?aaoeue // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie.– 1995.– ? 3.– N. 14–15. 3. Oa?ooa A.A., ?aanaiei A.I., I?ae?i TH.I. A?iio?io?y iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo // Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.– 1997.– ? 6.– N. 28–29. 4. Oa?ooa A.A., I?ae?i TH.I., ?aanaiei A.I. Iaoiaaiac cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe??, aiaeiiao?eoo o ei??a oa ?o i?io?eaeoeea // Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia Oe?a?ie.– 1997.– ? 10.– N. 20–21. 5. ?acoeueoaoe aeooa?nueei? ? a?iaeieia?/ii? aeeniaina?ecaoe?? ei??a c ??ciei ??aiai i?iaeoeoeaiino? / A.A. Oa?ooa, A.E. E?a?anueeee, Ae.A. Iiaeaaethe, I.A. Aaeuea?aaoeue, N.A. Aeanaiei, TH.I. I?ae?i, A.I. ?aanaiei, N.N. Aieeia // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo: Aei. 5.– *. 2.– A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.– N. 102–105. 6. I?ae?i TH.I. I?e/eie ? ?icaeoie iaoieia?e ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo a ei??a // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo: Aei. 5.– *. 2.– A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998.– N. 66–70. I?ae?i TH.I. Ei?aeoe?y ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo o ca’yceo c ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/iei noaiii ei??a i?ae /an nooinoith.– ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.07 – aaoa?eia?ia aeooa?noai, Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo.– Oa?e?a, 1999. Onoaiiaeaii, ui i?e/eiaie aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo iiaeooue aooe: iaiiaiioe?iia aiae?aey nooino?eieo ei??a, ii?ooaiiy oo?eiaiiy, a?aenooi?noue ?inieyoe??, ao?aoa eiio?ieth ca nai?oa?iei noaiii o nooino?eiiio ? ?iaeeeueiiio a?aeae?eaiiyo i?ae /an ianiaeo ioaeaiue, eiia??i?noue ianaaeoaaiiy i?e?ioei?e oa caaaciaai?noue i?ei?uaiue. Iani?eyoeea? oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy iai?io ?a/iaei o 80 % ei??a oa ?icaeoeo o 66 % nooino?eieo oaa?ei inoaiaeeno?io?? ? o 14 % – ianoeoo. ?iceaaee iai?io ?a/iaei ? oai?iae nooino?eieo ei??a iathoue a??ia?aeiee (?<0,05) ca’ycie c aeieeiaiiyi cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee ? i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo. Iaoiaaiac iaoieia?? ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaeo caoai?thaaiue oa iaie?aeiino? ei??a iia’ycaiee c ?iceaaeaie noa?i?aeiaaiaco, oa?aeoa?iei iaoiaaiaoe/iei /eiieeii ? aeenooieoe?y y?/iee?a ? ieaoeaioe o nooino?eieo ei??a c? cieaeaiiyi I:A ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?i? 2,5:1) ? i?aeaeuaiiy oeueiai iieacieea i?ae /an ?iae?a aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?i? 1,8:1). Iiae?ai? ci?ie noa?i?aeiaaiaco o oai?eo ei??a ? ia’?eoeaiei a?aeia?aaeaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?iceaae?a y?/iee?a, ui ni?e/eiy? ii?ooaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno a nooino?eieo ei??a, i?ecaiaeeoue aei aaeueioaaiiy nei?ioeeai? ooieoe?? i’yc?a iaoee, ?? aoii?? oa ni?ey? cao?eiaiith iine?aeo. Iaa?oioiaaia ?ieue oa?iaeii?io?eaeoeee iaoieia?e ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo ia iniia? i?iaiico (iayai?noue iciae inoaiaeeno?io?? ? ianoeoo ca 60–45 aei?a aei ia?aaeaa/oaaieo ?iae?a). Ai?iaiaaia ? aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aaaaeaiiy nooino?eiei ei?iaai oao?aa?oo, iao??th naeai?oo ? EAO? i?e inoaiaeeno?io?? ? caiaeaii? iiei/ii? caeice. Eeth/ia? neiaa: inoaiaeeno?io?y, ianoeo, ieneaeaoe?y, aioeieneaeaoe?y, cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?y, aiaeiiao?eo, iaie?aei?noue. I?aeei TH.I. Ei??aeoeey oa/aiey ?iaeia e iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea a nayce n eeeieei-oeceieiae/aneei ninoiyieai ei?ia ai a?aiy nooinoiy.– ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?iuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 16.00.07 – aaoa?eia?iia aeooa?noai, Oa?ueeianeee ciiaaoa?eia?iue einoeooo. – Oa?ueeia, 1999. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e/eiaie aicieeiiaaiey caaea?aeaiey iineaaea, noaeiaiethoeee e yiaeiiao?eoa iiaoo auoue: iaiieiioeaiiia ei?ieaiea nooinoieiuo ei?ia, ia?ooaiey niaea?aeaiey, ionoonoaea einieyoeee, iioa?y eiio?iey ca naieoa?iui ninoiyieai a nooinoieiii e ?iaeeeueiii ioaeaeaieyo ai a?aiy ianniauo ioaeia, aa?iyoiinoue iannaaea iee?ioei?u e caaaciaaiiinoue iiiauaiee. Iaaeaaii?eyoiua oaeoi?u aiaoiae n?aaeu i?eaiaeyo e ia?ooaieth iaiaia aauanoa o 80 % ei?ia. I?e yoii o ei?ia n iaoieiaeyie ?iaeia e iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea ai a?aiy nooinoiy ia 12 % nieaeaeanue eiioeaio?aoeey iauaai aaeea, o 14 % – iaueo eiioiiaeiaoeeiia, o 54 % – iauaai eaeueoeey, o 62 % – iai?aaie/aneiai oinoi?a, o 80 % – eaeueoeeaai-oinoi?iiai niioiioaiey, o 24 % – ea?ioeia, o 12 % – aaiiaeiaeia, o 12 % aeeaioiuo oiaiueoaeinue eiee/anoai y?eo?ioeeoia e o 24 % – eaeeioeeoia. A ?acoeueoaoa yoiai o 66 % nooinoieiuo aeeaioiuo ?acaeaaeanue inoaiaeeno?ioey e o 14 % – ianoeo. Ia?ooaiea iaiaia aauanoa e aieacie nooinoieiuo ei?ia eiatho aeinoiaa?ioth (?<0,05) naycue n aicieeiiaaieai caaea?aeaiey iineaaea, noaeiaiethoeee iaoee e iinea?iaeiaiai yiaeiiao?eoa. Iaoiaaiac ?iaeiauo e iinea?iaeiauo caaieaaaiee e aanieiaeey o ei?ia naycai n ?anno?ienoaaie i?ioeannia noa?ieaeiaaiaca, oa?aeoa?iui iaoiaaiaoe/aneei oaeoi?ii yaeyaony aeenooieoeey ye/ieeia e ieaoeaiou o nooinoieiuo ei?ia ni nieaeaieai I:Y niioiioaiey aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?ia 2,5:1) e iiauoaieai yoiai iieacaoaey ai a?aiy ?iaeia aei 2,3:1 (i?e ii?ia 1,8:1). Iiaeiaiua eciaiaiey noa?ieaeiaaiaca o ei?ia yaeythony iauaeoeaiui ioia?aaeaieai ooieoeeiiaeueiuo ?anno?ienoa ye/ieeia, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao ia?ooaiea oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena o nooinoieiuo ei?ia, i?eaiaeeo e oi?iiaeaieth nie?aoeoaeueiie ooieoeee iuooe iaoee, aa aoiiee e niinianoaoao caaea?aeaieth iineaaea. Aneaaenoaea caaea?aeaiey iineaaea o ei?ia ?acaeaaeanue noaeiaiethoeey e iinea?iaeiaue yiaeiiao?eo. Iainiiaaia ?ieue oa?iaeii?ioeeaeoeee iaoieiaee ?iaeia e iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea ia iniiaa i?iaiica (iaee/ea i?eciaeia inoaiaeeno?ioee e ianoeoa ca 60–45 aeiae aei i?aaeiieaaaaiuo ?iaeia). Ai?iae?iaaia e aeieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue aaaaeaiey nooinoieiui ei?iaai oao?aaeoa, iao?ey naeaieoa e EAOE i?e inoaiaeeno?ioee e ainiaeaiee iiei/iie aeaeacu. I?iaaaeaiiua iaie iiuou aeatho iniiaaiea ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi i?e iaiieiioeaiiii ei?ieaiee, ia?ooaieyo niaea?aeaiey, ionoonoaee einieyoeee, ia?ooaiee ia?aiao?ia iee?ieeeiaoa, iioa?a eiio?iey ca naieoa?iui ninoiyieai a nooinoieiii e ?iaeeeueiii ioaeaeaieyo e iiauoaiee aa?iyoiinoe iannaaea iee?ioei?u o ei?ia iiei/iiai iai?aaeaiey ?acaeaathony ianniaua ia?ooaiey iaiaia aauanoa e noa?ieaeiaaiaca, /anoi aicieeaao inoaiaeeno?ioey e ianoeo, eioi?ue i?eaiaeeo e ieneaeaioiiio ninoiyieth. Ai?iae?iaaiiua iaie iaoiaeu i?ioeeaeoeee caaea?aeaiey iineaaea, noaeiaiethoeee e yiaeiiao?eoa iooai aaaaeaiey ei?iaai n inoaiaeeno?ioeae e ianoeoii ca 60–45 aeiae aei ?iaeia iieeaeoaieiia, aioeieneaeaioia e eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?ia oiaiueoatho /anoioo i?iyaeaiey aeooa?neeo iaoieiaee, ii ia iaania/eaatho 100 %-iue i?ioeeaeoe/aneee yooaeo, /oi iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue i?e ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia i?ioeeaeoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: inoaiaeeno?ioey, ianoeo, ieneaeaoeey, aioeieneaeaoeey, caaea?aeaiea iineaaea, noaeiaiethoeey, yiaeiiao?eo, aanieiaeea. Ordin Y.I. Correction of current of sorts and of the afterbirth period in connection with a clinics-physiological condition of the cows in the dry time. – Manuscript. Thesis on deriving of a scientific degree of the candidate of veterinary sciences for a specialty 16.00.07 – veterinary obstetrics, Kharkov zooveterinary institute. – Kharkov, 1999. It was established that the course of the afterbirth retention, subinvolution and endometritis could be: poor feeding of dry cows and keeping system, absence of insolation, poor control of sanitary condition in dry and parturient buildings, probabilities for increasing of microbes activity. Non-favorable factors of external environment cause the infringement of matter exchange in 80 % of cows and development of osteodisthrophia in 66 % of dry cows. Mastitis develops in 14 % of cows. All of these courses lead to the occurring of afterbirth retention, uteri subinvolution and endometritis. Pathogenesis of parturient and afterbirth diseases and unfertility in cow are connected with the infringement of steroidogenesis. Dysfunction of ovaries and placenta is characteristic to this condition (the P:E correlation may be 2,3:1 (norm 1,8:1). Such changes of steroidogenesis in sick cows lead to breaking the ovariogenesis and the development of the placenta. It facilitates the afterbirth retention development. It is established, that the combined application to the dry cows for 60–45 days prior to parturition with the doubtful and unfavorable forecast concerning a course of parturition and afterbirth period. Tetravitum, sodium of selenite and complex of the actuating factors of immunity renders positive changes of biochemical and morphological indexes of a blood, maximum diminishes frequency of the obstetrical illnesses, anafrodisia and infertility. Key words: osteodythtrophia, mastitis, oxidation, antioxidation, retention of placenta, subinvolution, endometritis, infertility.

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