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Корекція перебігу родів і післяродового періоду у зв’язку з клініко-фізіологічним станом корів під час сухостою: Автореф. дис… канд. вет. наук / Ю.М

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OA?E?ANUeEEE CIIAAOA?EIA?IEE ?INOEOOO

I?Ae?I TH??e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 619:618.4/.5-084]:632.2

EI?AEOe?ss IA?AA?AO ?IAe?A ? I?NEss?IAeIAIAI IA??IAeO O CA’ssCEO C
EE?I?EI-O?C?IEIA?*IEI NOAIII EI??A I?Ae *AN NOOINOITH

16.00.07 – aaoa?eia?ia aeooa?noai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo
iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ooa A?eai??e
A?eai?iae/, A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eaeeiianueeee A?eai??e Ieeieaeiae/,
AEeoiie?nueea aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ?
oa?ai??

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe,

Aa/oiiia Aaea??e sseiae/, ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? ee?i?/ii?
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie OAAI, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai
in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei, I?i?noa?noai aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “2”eeiiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 064.070.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
ciiaaoa?eia?iiio ?inoeooo? ca aae?anith: 312050, Oa?e?anueea iaeanoue,
Aea?aa/?anueeee ?aeii, i/a Iaea Aeaiee?aea, OCA?

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

__________________ Naaaiei I.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaei??th c iaeaeooaeuei?oeo i?iaeai o aaoa?eia?iiio
aeooa?noa? ? i?io?eaeoeea cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa
aiaeiiao?eoo a ei??a. Iaae ae??oaiiyi ieoaiue i?io?eaeoeee aeooa?nueeeo
oai?ia i?aoethaaee ? i?aoeththoue aaaaoi a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
aeine?aeiee?a. Na?aae ieo Ae.Ae. Eiaaeiia, A.I. Eaeeiianueeee, A.A.
Ca???aa, N.I. Oiiei, A.A. Iaaeaeaiia, ?.A. Ii?ic, Ae.N. A?eoei, A.E.
E?a?anueeee, I.A. Aaeuea?aaoeue, G.H. Arthur, ?.*. Iioeeaethian, P.C.
Bertlett oa ?i. Ca aeaieie oeeo aaoi??a, cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo
?a?no?o?oueny o 30–60 %, noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee – o 20–80 %, aiaeiiao?eo –
o 20–70 % ei??a. Oey i?iaeaia aeooaeueia ia eeoa aeey neioa?noaa
Oe?a?ie, a e ia? na?oiaa cia/aiiy.

I?e/eie ianiaiai i?iyao ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue o ei??a
iiei/iiai iai?yio iia’ycothoueny c ii?ooaiiyi iai?io ?a/iaei, i?e
a?aenooiino? eiiiainaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a, ui aeae?eythoueny c iieieii /a?ac
iaiiaiioe?iio aiae?aeth ? ii?ooaiiy oiia oo?eiaiiy.

O ca’yceo ?c cacia/aiei aeua i?io?eaeoe/ia ?iaioa uiaei caiia?aaiiy
?icaeoeo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia iaaecae/aeii neeaaeia ? iio?aao? o?aooaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae noaio i?aai?cio ei??a.

Iaoa ?iaioe – iaa?oiooaaoe ? ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy
iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee, aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo oa
iaie?aeiino? o ei??a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

· aea/eoe iioe?aiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo
a ei??a;

· aea/eoe i?e/eie ? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo iaoieia?? ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo;

· iaa?oiooaaoe oa aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue iaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a
i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe??, aiaeiiao?eoo oa
iaie?aeiino?;

· ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue oa iaie?aeiino?
ei??a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?? ? /anoeiith
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie 082/1-8, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0193042476.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aeyaeaii caeiiii??iee aieea ii?ooaiiy aeeiai?ee
ai?noo a?io?i?/ieo, aiaeie?eiieo ? ii?oieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia?
nooino?eieo oa eaeooth/eo ei??a ia ?icaeoie aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia ?
iaie?aei?noue; iaa?oioiaaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia
aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeo iaaeeeaiaioicii?
i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo i?e
noii?aiiio oa iani?eyoeeaiio i?iaiicao ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ?
cai?iiiiiaaii aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai iaa?oioiaaia
canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeniiai iaaeeeaiaioiciiai iaoiaeo i?io?eaeoeee
cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo ? iaie?aeiino? ei??a
i?e inoaiaeeno?io?? ? ianoeo? a ia?o? 15 aei?a nooino?eiiai ia??iaeo (ca
60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a). Aeiaaaeaii, ui o?e?aciaa aaaaeaiiy oao?aa?oo,
aeai?aciaa – EAO? ? iaeii?aciaa – iao??th naeai?oo ? iaeaoaeoeai?oei
iaaeeeaiaioiciei iaoiaeii i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oai?ia.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiaii aanue ianya
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeai?: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii a?aeoai?aiith
noaaea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iiei/iiai iai?yio (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1995);
Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie “Ianoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei” (Ee?a, 1997); Ooo/ia in?iai?iiy ei??a
? oaeeoeue: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? (A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999). ?acoeueoaoe
?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a ENI ?i. Oaa/aiea Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio ? o AeA
“Oaa/aie?anueea” Oao??anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aea/aii? eo?no
“Aeooa?noai, a?iaeieia?y ? a?ioaoiieia?y ?iciiiaeaiiy n.-a. oaa?ei” ia
oaeoeueoao? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia?iiio oaeoeueoao? oa a
?inoeooo? i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ea??aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie i?e A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai?, iaaiai?ai? ? noaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo c ieoaiue aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? ? a?ioaoiieia??
?iciiiaeaiiy (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1993; Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994; Ee?a,
1994, 1996; A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994, 1995, 1998; Oa?e?a, 1994, 1997), a
oaeiae – ia can?aeaii? iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa ?i. ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aena?oeai? o 22 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, c yeeo o?noue – iioae?eiaai? o
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo ? o?e – oa?eoee aei neeaaeo aeaeaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 153 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 18 oaaeeoeyie ? 15 ?enoieaie. ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aenia?eiaioaeueii? /anoeie
? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 428 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? – 89
ca?oa?aeieo.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aeeiiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea/aia iioe?ai?noue, iniaeeaino?
iaoiaaiaco cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo ?
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee i?io?eaeoeee, aecia/aia ?o aoaeoeai?noue oa aeai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o canoinoaaiiy.

Aea?? iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee a oiiaao iiei/iioiaa?ii? oa?ie iaeiaiai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oiaa?enoaa (INAO) “Onoei?anueea”
Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano? o 1991–1994 ?ieao.

Iaoa??aeii aeey iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ei?iae /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee
a?eii 4–8 ?ie?a, na?aaeiuei? aaiaeiaaiino?, ianith o?ea 450–500 ea, ?c
na?aaeiuei??/iith iiei/iith i?iaeoeoeai?noth 3–3,5 oen. ea.
Caaacia/ai?noue ?aoe?ii?a o ??ci? ii?e ?ieo ca caaaeueiith iiaeeai?noth
noaiiaeea 62–100 %.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ca 60–45 aei?a aei i/?eoaaieo ?iae?a
aea/aee ee?i?/iee noaoon 50-oe nooino?eieo ei??a. I?ney caaaeueiiai
ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aee iayai?noue ee?i?/ii? noaae??
inoaiaeeno?io?? oa caiaeaiiy iiei/ii? caeice. Ai?iiiaeuei?, ii?oieia?/i?
oa a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee o ia?o? 15 aei?a
nooinoith, i?ae /an ?iae?a oa ia 18–22-e aeaiue i?ney ?iae?a.
?a?no?oaaee cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?th ? iao?eo oa
caie?aeiai?noue ei??a i?ioyaii 90 aei?a i?ney ?iae?a.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?iaioe ei?iaai canoiniaoaaee iaaeeeaiaioici? iaoiaee
i?io?eaeoeee ?iaeiaeo ? i?ney?iaeiaeo oneeaaeiaiue. C ei??a ?c noii?aiei
? iani?eyoeeaei i?iaiicii uiaei ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ? i?ney?iaeiaiai
ia??iaeo ca 60–45 aei?a aei i/?eoaaieo ?iae?a noi?ioaaee i’youe
aeine?aeieo a?oi. Ia?oa aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?iaiaeeee a?ae?aco i?ney
oi?ioaaiiy a?oie, ae?oaa ? o?ao? – c ?ioa?aaeii o 7–10 aei?a. Noaia
aeine?aeo iaaaaeaia o oaae. 1.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy iciae inoaiaeeno?io?? o ei??a ca 60–45 aei?a aei ?iae?a
iaeueiaoi?ii aeine?aeaeoaaee inoaiith ia?o ?aaa?. Caa?oaee oaaao ia
iayai?noue ai?aeoaaoino? ia ?oi?e iiaa?oi? aai ia ?o ?icniieooaaiiy.
Nooi?iue e?i?eii? aeaoi?iaoe?? inoaii?o oainoiaeo o?aaoe?a aecia/aee ca
aeiiiiiaith neiino?oeiaaiiai iaie i?eeaaeo (cayaea ia aeiao?ae ?
99031628 a?ae 23.03.1999).

Ee?i?/i? oi?ie ianoeoo a nooino?eieo ei??a aecia/aee iaeyaeii,
iaeueiaoe??th iiei/ii? caeice ? a?coaeueiith ioe?ieith nae?aoo.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?ioa?i?aooaaee ca eeaneo?eaoe??th A.I.
Nooaeaioeiaa.

?iaiethoe?th noaoaaeo i?aai?a aecia/aee iaoiaeaie iaeyaeo, iaeueiaoe?? ?
?aeoaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi.

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?ae?a

A?oia oaa?eiAaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?aia?oaae?oaao?ao?Aeine?aei?
1Oao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie2Oao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO?
– 4 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO? – 4 ie3Oao?aa?o – 15 ie,

0,2 %-iee ?ic/ei Na2Se – 25 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie4Oao?aa?o
– 15 ie, 0,2 %-iee ?ic/ei Na2Se – 25 ie,

EAO? – 4 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ieOao?aa?o – 15 ie, EAO? – 4
ieEiio?ieueiaI?aia?aoe ia aaiaeeee

Eieae?caoe?th caiaeaiiy o noaoaaiio aia?ao? ei??a aecia/aee ?c
o?aooaaiiyi aeaieo aaa?iaeueiiai ? ?aeoaeueiiai iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa aeiaeaoeiai aeine?aeaeoaaee aenoaeao, acyoee ?c iaoee ca aeiiiiiaith
eaoaoa?a aeey ?aeoioea?a?eaeueiiai niiniao aaaaeaiiy nia?ie, c’?aeiaiiai
aoiiaith o?oaeith c oi?eoeii AEaia.

I?iya noaoaai? oeeee?/iino? o ei??a ?a?no?oaaee ca aeaieie aeo?iaeo
in?iai?iue i?ioyaii 90 aei?a i?ney ?iae?a. O?euei?noue anoaiiaethaaee
o?ain?aeoaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi /a?ac 75–105 aei?a i?ney inoaiiueiai
in?iai?iiy.

E?ia aeey aeine?aeaeaiue o ei??a a?aee ia?aae ?aieiaith aiae?aeath ?c
y?aiii? aaie /ioe?e ?ace o ianooii?e iine?aeiaiino?: ca 60–45 aei?a aei
ia?aaeaa/oaaieo ?iae?a, ia?aae aaaaeaiiyi i?aia?ao?a, /a?ac 7–10 aei?a
i?ney inoaiiueiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a, i?ae /an noaae?? a?aeie?aieaiiy
iine?aeo ? ia 18–22-e aeaiue i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo.

Aea?? oeeo oa?i?i?a aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? coiiaeaiee iaea?eueo
oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie, ui aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a ?iae?a,
i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo ? a?aeiiaeaiiy a?aeoai?ii? ooieoe?? ei??a
(Iaaeaeaiia A.A., 1985; Iaoiaiei E.E., 1989; Eiaiaeei A.N., Ieeaeiaa
O.A., 1994).

Aecia/aiiy ai?noo i?iaanoa?iio, ano?aae?ieo, aiae?inoa?iio,
oanoinoa?iio, ei?oeciio, oe?ieneio oa ?inoe?io o ieaci? e?ia? i?iaiaeeee
i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai caii?iaeoaaiiy o iie?noe?ieiaeo i?ia??eao o
??aeeiio acio?. Ieacio e?ia? ei??a aeine?aeaeoaaee o ?aae?i?ioiieia?/i?e
eaai?aoi???. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ?c canoinoaaiiyi
?aae?iae?aaiinoe/ieo iaai??a ?aaaaio?a ae?iaieoeoaa OII?AIO AI A?N?,
aeaoaeoiaaieo J125 ia -e?/eeueieeao ?EA–300 o??ie LKB. ?ic?aooiee
aeeiioaaee ca noaiaea?oiith e?eaith, a oaeiae ia eiii’thoa??
“Aeaeo?ii?ea–15” ANI5.

Ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ?ao?aeoiiao?a,
?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a – ca ?aaeoe??th c iao??th noeueoaoii, caaaeueiiai
eaeueoe?th – o?eeiiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii c io?aeneaeii, iai?aai?/iiai
oinoi?o – ca Aeona, ea?ioeio – aeno?aaoaaiiyi iao?ieaeiei ao??ii ?
oioiiao?oaaiiyi, a?oai?io A – ia niaeo?ioioiiao?? ca iaoiaeeeith Aannay
a iiaeeo?eaoe?? Ai?niai?.

O e?ia? aecia/aee ai?no aaiiaeia?io – aaiiaeia?ioe?ai?aeiei iaoiaeii,
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? eaeeioeeo?a – i?e?ineii??th a e?/eeuei?e
eaia?? ?c n?oeith Ai?y?aa (Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Eoae?yaoeaaa E.A., 1973), a
eaeeia?aio – i?ae?aooieii e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a, e?ioioeeo?a,
iiiioeeo?a, aacio?e?a oa aiceiio?e?a o o?eniaaieo iaceao.

Aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo eiiiiiaio?a o e?ia? ei??a
i?iaiaeeee a iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e i?aeeaoaae?aeuei?e eaai?aoi??? oa a
eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? ooo/iiai in?iai?iiy n.-a. oaa?ei
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo niinia?a i?io?eaeoeee cao?eiaiiy
iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? oa aiaeiiao?eoo a ei??a aecia/aee ca iaoiaeaie
O.O. A?eioniaa c ni?aaao. (1982) oa INA N?N? (Aaoa?eia?ey.– 1984.– ? 1.–
N. 73–79), a noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia
eiii’thoa?? Pentium–166 ca iaoiaeeeith E.A. Ieaeia (1960).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aiae?c

*anoioa aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ei??a, ?o i?e/eie ? iaoiaaiac

Aiae?c aeaieo aaoa?eia?iiai iae?eo aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o INAO
“Onoei?anueea”, ui niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia ae?iaieoeoa? iieiea, iieacaa, ui
iioe?ai?noue cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo na?aae oaa?ei, ye? ioaeeeeny o
1991–1994 ?ieao, aoea a iaaeao 29–35 %; noa?iaiethoe?y iaoee
?a?no?oaaeany o 30–36 %, a aiaeiiao?eo – o 24–30 % ei??a. Ca
/ioe?e??/iee oa?i?i o na?aaeiueiio cao?eieith iine?aeo ?a?no?oaaeiny o
32 %, noa?iaiethoe?y – o 34 %, caoai?thaaiiy ia aiaeiiao?eo – o 27 %
oaa?ei.

Aeeiai?ea aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? o ei??a a oiiaao INAO “Onoei?anueea”
iaea naciii? iniaeeaino? ? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ??ceei ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe
aeieeiaiiy oai?ia c ethoiai ii o?aaaiue aeeth/ii (?en. 1).

?en. 1 – Iioe?ai?noue aeooa?nueeeo oai?ia o ??ci? ii?e ?ieo

Aea/aiiy i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy cao?eiaiiy iine?aeo, noa?iaiethoe?? iaoee,
aino?iai i?ney?iaeiaiai aiaeiiao?eoo oa iaie?aeiino? o ei??a i?iaiaeeee
ca aeaieie aiae?co ?aoe?ii?a aiae?ae?, oaoiieia?? oo?eiaiiy, ee?i?/iiai
noaio oaa?ei ca 60–45 aei?a aei ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ioaeaiiy oa ca
iieacieeaie iai?io ?a/iaei.

Aiae?c ?aoe?ii?a aeey eaeooth/eo ? nooino?eieo ei??a i?iaiaeeee o
ceiiai-no?eeiaee ia??iae. ?aoe?ii eaeooth/eo ei??a aoa ia 120 %
caaeainiaaiee ca ei?iiaeie iaeeieoeyie. A?aei?/aany iaaeeeoie cae?ca,
ea?ioeio ? a?oai?io A. Caaacia/ai?noue ei??a ne?ei ? ia?ao?aaiei
i?ioa?iii noaiiaeea eeoa 55 % oa 57 % a?aeiia?aeii, eaeueoe??i – 26,6 %,
a a?oai?iii D – 2,6 %.

No?oeoo?a ?aoe?iio ei??a oeaoo io?eiaiiy iieiea aoea oaeith: a?oa? ei?ie
– 15 %, nieiaeo? – 80,1 %, eiioeaio?iaai? – 4,4 %.

O ?aoe?ii? aeey ei??a oeaoo nooinoith a?aei?/aany aeao?oeeo ia?ao?aaiiai
i?ioa?io ia 11 %, oeoe?o – ia 42 %, oinoi?o – ia 48 %, ea?ioeio – ia 64
% ? a?oai?io D – ia 66 %. ?aoe?ii nooino?eieo ei??a aeeth/aa 46,9 %
a?oaeo, 46,8 % nieiaeoeo ? 6,3 % eiioeaio?iaaieo ei?i?a.

Eaeooth/? ? nooino?ei? ei?iae ainiiaea?noaa a ceiiai-aaniyio ii?o ?ieo
iino?eii i?ioyaii aeiae ciaoiaeeeeny ia i?ea’yc?, ui aeeeth/aei iioe?ii,
aa?aoe?th eaaaiue oa ?inieyoe?th, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny ao?aoith eiio?ieth
ca nai?oa?iei noaiii nooino?eiiai ? ?iaeeeueiiai a?aeae?eaiue ?
i?aeaeuoaaei eiia??i?noue ianaaeoaaiiy i?e?ioei?e; a?aei?/aeany
oaoiiaaiia ? a?ieia?/ia caaaciaai?noue i?ei?uaiue.

Ioaea, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui aiae?aey ei??a aoea iaiiaiioe?iiith, a a
oo?eiaii? a?aecia/aeeny ii?ooaiiy, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaaee ia noai
i?aai?cio ei??a.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ae?? iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a aeiae?eey o e?ia?
12 % nooino?eieo ei??a ii?oooaaany ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, o 14 % –
caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, o 54 % – caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th, o 62 % –
iai?aai?/iiai oinoi?o, o 80 % – eaeueoe??ai-oinoi?iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy,
o 24 % – ea?ioeio, o 12 % – aaiiaeia?io; o 12 % oaa?ei ciaiooaaeany
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? o 24 % – eaeeioeeo?a. Iiae?ai? ?iceaaee
niinoa??aaeeny ? i?ae /an ?iae?a oa i?ney?iaeiaiai ia??iaeo.
Oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie aoei cieaeaiiy ai?noo cacia/aieo iieaciee?a. I?e
cao?eiaii? iine?aeo ei??a a??ia?aeii cieaeoaaany ai?no caaaeueiiai
a?eea, caaaeueieo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a, ea?ioeio (?

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