1

AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? EAN? OE?A?IEE

Ea?aaaiia Aiaoie?e A?eai?iae/

OAeE 371.037/76

EI?AEOe?ss O?CE*IEO IAAeIE?E?A AEOOEO OEIEss??A O I?IOeAN? O?CE*IIAI
AEOIAAIIss

24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy

??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Eooeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo ? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Na?i??a Ai?en Aaneeueiae/,

I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee

iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeaoaeoieia?? oa o?ce/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iioaoithe ?a?na Caoa??aia,

Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e aiaoii?? oa o?c?ieia??;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

O?aoyeia Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,

?inoeooo ci?noo ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
aeioeaio a?aeae?eo ci?noo i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.Eioethaeinueeiai, eaoaae?a oai??? ? iaoiaeeee
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.A?iieoey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32.051.02 o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263021, aoe.Aeiie/aiea, 30).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263021, aoe. Aeiie/aiea,
30).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 27 ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oeueinue A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a
iiaeiii ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy ?o i?aeaioiaee aei o?oaeiai?
ae?yeueiino?, oi?ioaaiith iaaee?a i?aaeeueiiai aeeiiaiiy iniiaieo ?oo?a,
iie?ioaiith o?ce/iiai noaio ? caei?ia’y.

Iaaeie?ee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeie, ye aaaaeathoue A.A.Aei?o???a
(1991), I.A.Aaee?ia (1992), A.A.Na?i??a (1992), TH.A.A?neiaaoia (1998)
iaoiiaeai? ii?ooaiiyie ooieoe?e neooiaiai aia?aoo. Aeiaaaeaii, ui i?e
/anoeia?e aai iiai?e ao?ao? neooo o oeiey??a, ia?o ca ana,
niia?eueith?oueny i?ioean iaieiae?iiy ?ooiaeie ai?iiyie ? iaaeeaie,
ii?ooothoueny ooieoe?? ??aiiaaae, oaeaeeino? e oi/iino? (I.N.Aanna?aaia,
1979; A.A.?iiaiaiei, 1997).

Aeey ae??oaiiy ei?aeoe?eii-aeoiaieo ? icaei?ia/eo caaaeaiue, o ia?oo
/a?ao, iaiao?aeii ca?eueoeoe ?ooiao aeoeai?noue aeooeo oeiey??a,
?icoe?thth/e ci?no ? oi?ie an??? nenoaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ae?oae o
oeie?: o?iee o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee a
?aaeei? aeiy, naiino?ei? iicaeeani? e iicaoe?euei? caiyooy c o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, nii?oo e oo?ecio. A oe?e ?iaio? aeoeaio o/anoue iiaeii?
a?aoe aee?aeoe?y ? aanue iaaeaaia?/iee eieaeoea oeiee, o/i? e aaoueee.

?ooiaa aeoeai?noue, ui a?aeiia?aea? iiaeeeainoyi i?aai?cio ae?oae,
oaeineiiaeth? ?o o?ce/iee noaoon, ni?ey? aa?iii?eiiio ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo
yeinoae, i?aeaeuo? aiioe?eiee noai, noai?th? iaiao?aei? ia?aaeoiiae aeey
aeeiiaiiy o?oaeiaeo caaaeaiue. Oe?eani?yiiaai? caiyooy o?ce/ieie
ai?aaaie caaacia/othoue ei?aeoe?th ?ooiaeo c?ooaiue, i?aeaeuothoue
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue i?aai?cio ethaeeie.

sse iieaco? aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, iciaeiieaiiy c
i?aeoeeith ?iaioe niaoe?aeueieo oe?e, ci?no ei?aeoe?eieo i?ia?ai c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a o no/anieo oiiaao iaaeinoaoiuei
?ic?iaeaiee.

Iio?aao? oaeiae iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeeea ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo
yeinoae aeooeo oeiey??a, ?ic?iaea iioeiaeueiiai aeicoaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue, o?eaaeino? ? oa?aeoa?o a?aeii/eieo.

Iaoeiaa ia??oiooaaiiy ei?aeoe?? o?ce/ieo iaaeie?e?a aeooeo oeiey??a
caniaaie ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?, noai?aiiy oeea?e?ciaaieo oiia aeey
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?iaae?ae?a ? in?a c
a?iaeaeaieie aaaeaie o?ce/iiai ? ?icoiiaiai ?icaeoeo, i?i ui aiai?eoueny
a Oeac? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i caoaa?aeaeaiiy oe?eueiai? eiiieaenii?
i?ia?aie “O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy – caei?ia’y iaoe??”, ia? aaeeea nioe?aeueia
cia/aiiy ? noaei iniiaith iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii caaaeaiiai ieaio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai ca oaiith “O?ce/ia ?
ineoieia?/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ?iaae?ae?a c aeeoeinoaa” (iiia? aea?aeaaii?
?a?no?aoe?? 0197 U 008543).

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – i?ioean o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo ae?oae 11-15
?ie?a.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – ci?no ? iaoiaeeea ei?aeoe?? o?ce/iiai noaio
aeooeo ae?oae o oeie?.

A?iioaca: ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia o?ieao o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e niaoe?aeueii
?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie aeey aeooeo oeiey??a, c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
o?ce/iiai noaio aoaea ni?eyoe ei?aeoe?? o?ce/ieo iaaeie?e?a i?aee?oe?a
oa i?aeaioiaoe? ?o aei iiaiioe?iiiai aeeooy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeyaeoe o?ce/iee noai aeooeo oeiey??a ? ?ic?iaeoe
i?ia?aio eiai ei?aeoe?? o i?ioean? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ??aaiue o?ce/iiai noaio aeooeo ae?oae na?aaeiueiai oe?eueiiai
a?eo.

2. Aecia/eoe aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a.

3. ?ic?iaeoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe i?ia?aio c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a 5-9 eean?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa aeey aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15
?ie?a. Iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue iiaoi?aiiy ai?aa ia aio/e?noue o?aaoa
noaiiaeoue 25-35 ?ac?a, eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa – 20-30 ?ac?a, iea/iaiai
noaeiaa – 15-25 ?ac?a, ai?aa ia oaeaee?noue – 4-5 ?ac?a, neeo – 2-3 ?ace
? oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoae – 6-8 ?ac?a.

Iaea?aeaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iieiaeaiiy i?i iiceoeaiee ei?aeoe?eiee
aieea caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie ia o?ce/iee noai aeooeo o/i?a.

Aeiiiaiaii aeai? i?i ??aaiue ? a?eiao aeeiai?eo o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo,
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aeooeo
oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe?
i?ia?aie c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey aeooeo oeiey??a, yea i?noeoue
o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/ee ?aaeei oeiee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy
icaei?ia/eo, ei?aeoe?eieo, ina?oi?o ? aeoiaieo caaaeaiue. ?icae?ee
iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie aeeth/athoue a?iianoeeo, eaaeo aoeaoeeo, eeaeio
i?aeaioiaeo, ieaaaiiy, ?ooeea? ?a?e, aaneaoaie, eiacaie, e?iniao
i?aeaioiaeo ? ia?o-eeaeie. Eiaeai ?icae?e ia? oai?aoe/i? a?aeiiino?,
i?aeoe/iee iaoa??ae, neiaiee, o?acaieia?th ? ii?iaoeai? aeiiae.

?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia canoiniaoaaeany a i?aeoeoe? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinueei? oeiee-?ioa?iaoo (Aieeinueea iaeanoue), oeiee ?93
i. Iaeane. Iaeaea? oeiee niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia ?iaio? c aeooeie
oeiey?aie.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o i?ioean?
i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e e nii?oo i?e aeeeaaeaii?
iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i “Oai??y ? iaoiaeeea o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy”,
“O?ce/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y”, “Oai??y ? iaoiaeeea icaei?ia/i? ?iaioe”,
“?iaae?aeiee nii?o”.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? i?ia?aie c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeey aeooeo oeiey??a oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
oe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o ? caei?ia’y iaoe??” (A?iieoey, 1998),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeaioe?y i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?” (Eooeuee, 1994, 1996),
ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (1996-1998), iaeanieo nai?ia?ao ?
eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? a/eoae?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaai? a i?ia?ai?, i’yoe noaooyo i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiue oa o aeaio iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
159 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 22 oaaeeoe? ? 9 ?enoie?a.
O i?aoe? aeei?enoaii 186 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, c yeeo 6 ?iicaiieo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo,
i?aaeiao, iaoo, a?iioaco oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao
iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe, iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a,
aeaco?oueny noa?a ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
ae?oae c ii?ooaiiyi neooo” iiaea?oueny oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeia? ?iaioe
A.A.Na?i??aa (1975, 1980, 1990, 1992); A.I.Aiciai? (1961, 1977);
I.A.Aaee?ii? (1986, 1991, 1992) iieacothoue, ui ii?ooaiiy neooo a
aeeoy/iio a?oe? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ??ciiiai?oieo caoai?thaaiue i?aai?cio,
cieaeaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa o?ce/iiai noaio oeiey??a.

O no/anieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?.A.A?eaianueei? (1998);
I.N.Ea?aaaiiai? (1993); ?.ss.Eioeaia (1995); E.I.*aoaithe (1993)
aeiaaaeaii aieea aeaoaeoo neooo ia ineoi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai oa
aiae?caoi?e ethaeeie, iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo ?oo?a o aeooeo oeiey??a,
iiceoeaia ei?aeoe?eia cia/aiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa. ?acii c oei, caeeoa?oueny
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia i?iaeaia aeicoaaiiy ??cieo ca iai?yieii o?ce/ieo
ai?aa, ia ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey aeooeo
oeiey??a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee ? i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy”
ia??oioiao?oueny nenoaia aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ye? aaeaeaaoi? ia’?eoo, i?aaeiaoo, iao? ? caaea/ai iaoeo iiooe?a. Aeey
ae??oaiiy noi?iiaaieo caaaeaiue canoiniaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiue: oai?aoe/iee aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, iaaeaaia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy, aio?iiiiao?e/i? aei??thaaiiy,
iaaeaaia?/i? oanooaaiiy, o?c?ieia?/i? iaoiaee, iaaeaaia?/iee
aenia?eiaio, iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o 4 aoaie a oeieao ?93 i.Iaeane, o
Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinuee?e oeie?-?ioa?iao? oa NO ?9 i. Eooeueea.

Ia?oee aoai (1991-1992 ??.) oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oai?aoe/iei inieneaiiyi
i?iaeaie. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ca i?iaeaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieea ia??oiooaaoe iaoo, a?iioaco ? iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/iee aia?ao ? noaio aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ae?oaee aoai (1993-1994 ??.) – i?iaaaeaiiy eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo.
Eiai iaoa iieyaaea o cai?? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i o?ce/iee ?icaeoie oa o?ce/io
i?aeaioiaeai?noue aeooeo oeiey??a o niaoeoeieao i.Iaeane oa
Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinueea. Anueiai o aeine?aeaeaii? acyee o/anoue 256 aeooeo
oa 324 caei?iaeo oeiey??a 5-9 eean?a.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iaoaiaoe/ii ia?aoiaai? oa
i?iaiae?ciaai?.

Iaoa o?aoueiai aoaio (1995-1997 ??.) iieyaaea o aecia/aii? aeicoaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue aeey ?icaeoeo o aeooeo oeiey??a neee, oaeaeeino?,
aeo?eaaeino?, aio/eino?, ni?eoiino? oa oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoae. Ia
i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a, ?aae?caoe?y yei? ni?eyea ei?aeoe??
niaoeeo?/ieo ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue, oaeineiiaeaiith iniiaieo ?oo?a.

*aoaa?oee aoai (1997-1998 ??.) ia?aaeaa/aa aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo
aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie iaa/aiiy. Aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany c
oeiey?aie 5-9 eean?a oeiee ?93 i.Iaeane oa o oeie?-?ioa?iao?
Aieiaeeie?-Aieeinueea. Onueiai aoei ioiieaii 177 oeiey??a , c yeeo – 85
neeaee aenia?eiaioaeueio, 92 – eiio?ieueio a?oie. A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e
a?oi? o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaie
i?ia?aie iaa/aiiy. Caiyooy a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? i?iaiaeeeenue ca
cae/aeiith i?ia?aiith. Aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a aecia/aeanue oeyoii ii??aiyiiy o?ce/iiai noaio
ae?oae eiio?ieueii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oi o e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “??aaiue o?ce/iiai noaio aeooeo oeiey??a”
?icaeyaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo. A?aoiaoth/e
iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo (N.I.Aeooai?i, 1986; E.ss.?aauaiei,
1988; ?.A.Aoee/, ?.A.Io?aaia, 1997) oa ca?oa?aeieo (A.Joke, 1980;
W.Ir.Perry, 1970) aaoi??a, o iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? aecia/aany o?ce/iee
?icaeoie, o?ce/ia i?aeaioiaeai?noue oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino?
oeiey??a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui o?ce/iee ?icaeoie caei?iaeo
ae?oae a??ia?aeii ia?aaeuo? aeooeo (? 0,01) (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

O?ce/iee ?icaeoie aeooeo oa caei?iaeo i?aee?oe?a (XSx)

Iieacie-ee o?ce/-iiai ?icaeoeoNoaoueEii-oeiaaio ae?oaeA?e,
?ie?a1112131415Aeiaaeeia o?ea,
niAe?a/aoaAeoo?139,20,34142,71,52154,20,621580,76158,10,75Caei?ia?144,11
,2150,91,4159,70,91621,2162,20,9??cieoey,%3,655,73,72,52,7Oeiioe?Aeoo?13
6,91,01141,81,21450,801520,891570,82Caei?ia?144,50,98150,61,4157,20,6167
1,4171,10,82??cieoey,%5,556,28,49,99,6Iana o?ea,
eaAe?a/aoaAeoo?32,61,2336,51,3447,61,9250,551,61,16Caei?ia?38,31,142,31,
553,21,854,61,456,21,9??cieoey,%17,416,911,88,18,9Oeiioe?Aeoo?32,40,5236
,20,6241,81,38491,1252,41,19Caei?ia?36,91,140,71,946,21,854,91,7557,92,2
??cieoey,%13,812,412,91210,5Ianya a?oaeii? ee?oee ia aaeeoo,
niAe?a/aoaAeoo?
681,5573,41,2379,21,2382,40,9382,30,84Caei?ia?76,31,280,81,186,41,389,01
,287,42,1??cieoey,%12,29,29,07,86Oeiioe?Aeoo?71,40,6573,20,6575,91,32801
,0483,41,3Caei?ia?75,20,980,31,783,31,388,71,192,31,1??cieoey,%5,39,79,7
10,910,7Iaea?eueo? a?aei?iiino? niinoa??aathoueny ca iieacieeaie iane
o?ea ? ianyao a?oaeii? ee?oee. Oea na?ae/eoue, ui iieacieee, ye? eaaei
i?aeaeathoueny o?aioaaiith, iathoue a?eueoo ??cieoeth i?ae caei?iaeie ?
aeooeie, i?ae iieacieee, ye? iaei caeaaeaoue a?ae o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino?. C
a?eii o ae?oae a?aei?/a?oueny ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie aeiaaeeie o?ea. Oae c
11 aei 15 ?ie?a c??no iieaciee?a aeiaaeeie o?ea noaiiaeoue o oeii/ee?a
14,6% (aeoo?) oa 18,4% (caei?ia?), o ae?a/ao 13,5% (aeoo?) oa 12,6%
(caei?ia?) .

?acoeueoaoe, iiaeai? o oaae.2 iieacothoue, ui ??aaiue ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo
yeinoae caei?iaeo ae?oae ia?aaeuo? aeooeo.

Oaaeeoey 2

O?ce/ia i?aeaioiaeai?noue aeooeo oa caei?iaeo ae?oae (XSx)

Iieacieee o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeoNoaoueEii-oeiaaio ae?oaeA?e,
?ie?a1112131415Eenoueiaa aeeiaii-iao??y,
eaAe?a/aoaAeoo?16,30,2518,20,2722,30,2726,20,4127,40,43Caei?ia?16,50,171
8,40,1824,60,2528,30,3928,20,37??cieoey,%1,21,010,39,52,9
Oeiioe?Aeoo?22,10,2424,10,4425,80,6132,30,7537,50,77Caei?ia?22,30,1924,4
0,3732,20,5730,10,6740,10,64??cieoey,%0,91,224,86,86,9No?eaie o
aeiaaeeio c i?noey, niAe?a/aoaAeoo?
110,20,9120,41,1130,51,4140,41,2160,22,1Caei?ia?120,31,2135,51,3160,21,2
175,61,8180,51,9??cieoey,%9,112,522,72512,6Oeiioe?Aeoo?130,40,8140,61,41
50,31,8170,42,01802,4Caei?ia?145,61,2150,81,5162,21,7187,32,2192,62,3??c
ieoey,%11,67,2 7,99,96,9A?a

30 i,
nAe?a/aoaAeoo?7,90,017,60,017,70,027,60,037,40,02Caei?ia?6,80,026,70,036
,60,016,20,016,00,02??cieoey,%16,113,416,622,523,3Oeiioe?Aeoo?7,00,026,8
0,016,70,026,10,036,10,02Caei?ia?6,00,015,40,035,30,015,70,015,40,03??ci
eoey,%16,625,526,4712,9*iaie-eiaee a?a 3o10i,
nAe?a/aoaAeoo?11,10,0310,10,0510,70,0410,60,0310,50,04Caei?ia?10,50,0410
,40,0310,30,0210,20,0210,20,01??cieoey,%5,72,83,93,92,9Oeiioe?Aeoo?10,70
,0,210,60,0110,50,0310,30,0410,30,02Caei?ia?10,30,0310,20,0210,20,0510,1
0,0210,10,03??cieoey,%3,83,72,822A?a 1500i, oa,
nAe?a/aoaAeoo?11,070,0410,560,0310,470,039,580,029,410,02Caei?ia?9,390,0
49,280,029,170,018,480,018,280,01Oeiioe???cieoey,%17,813,814,212,913,6Ae
oo?9,470,039,260,029,110,038,420,028,210,03Caei?ia?8,290,037,550,037,400
,017,200,017,530,01??cieoey,%14,322,623,116,99,0Iaoee aia?aae,
niAe?a/aoaAeoo?5,82,37,32,46,82,37,42,47,82,6Caei?ia?6,22,17,42,57,52,48
,52,38,72,7??cieoey,%6,81,410,314,911,5Oeiioe?Aeoo?4,72,15,12,34,21,96,8
2,07,12,9Caei?ia?5,42,46,82,16,52,27,12,77,32,7??cieoey,%14,933,354,84,4
2,8Iaea?eueo a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino? niinoa??aathoueny o ni?eoiino?,
aeo?eaaeino?, aio/eino? oa oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoyo. Ca iieacieeaie
oaeaeeino? oa aaniethoii? neee aeoo? oa caei?ia? oeiey?? ia iathoue
nooo?ai? ??cieoe?. Aeeiai?ea ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
iino?eiei, aea ia??aiii??iei c?inoaiiyi. Iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiee c??no
?acoeueoao?a oa?aeoa?iee aeey neee, oaeaeeino?, aio/eino? oa ??aiiaaae.

A?oa??aeueiee oene oa /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue aeooeo oa caei?iaeo
i?aee?oe?a i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeooeo ? caei?iaeo i?aee?oe?a (XSx)

Iieacie-ee o?ce/-iiai ?icaeoeoNoaoueEii-oeiaaio ae?oaeA?e,
?ie?a1112131415A?oa??-aeueiee oene (nenoi-ee/iee), ii ?o.
no.Ae?a/aoaAeoo?94,20,8595,60,87102,41,14106,41,07106,21,15Caei?ia?94,30
,9196,20,92103,71,11105,21.09105,71,14??cieoey,%0,10,20,71,10,5Oeiioe?Ae
oo?94,60,9196,20,8797,30,94102,41,08110,61,09Caei?ia?94,20,8295,80,9298,
40,93103,31,03111,71,03??cieoey,%0,40,41,10,90,9Ae?anoi-ee/iee oene, ii
?o.no.Ae?a/aoaAeoo?45,40,4152,60,4354,40,3957,20,4958,30,52Caei?ia?46,20
,3954,50,4155,40,4157,50,5759,60,57??cieoey,%1,73,61,80,52,2Oeiioe?Aeoo?
46,10,3948,80,3849,20,4354,40,4957,80,51Caei?ia?48,20,3849,70,4149,90,44
55,30,5758,20,61??cieoey,%4,51,81,41,60,6*anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i-/aiue,
?ac?a ca

1 oa.Ae?a/aoaAeoo?
93,31,190,20,9389,7,40,8789,40,8288,20,85Caei?ia?94,11,190,10,9388,40,91
87,30,8386,20,87??cieoey,%0,30,11,42,42,3Oeiioe?Aeoo?
90,11,292,61,291,30,9390,40,8986,30,87Caei?ia?89,21,191,41,186,20,9684,7
0,8984,50,86??cieoey,%1,01,35,96,72,1*anoioa aeeoaiiy, ?ac?a ca

1 oa.Ae?a/aoaAeoo?
27,20,2228,40,2325,60,3423,30,3121,40,34Caei?ia?21,60,2121,40,2919,80,31
18,60,2918,30,33??cieoey,%2432,729,225,216,9Oeiioe?Aeoo?
28,20,2527,10,2925,30,2624,20,2923,60,25Caei?ia?21,30,2320,50,2719,40,29
18,60,3119,80,27??cieoey,%32,332,230,430,119,2

I?ae iieacieeaie /anoioe aeeoaiiy oa aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue o aeooeo
oa caei?iaeo oeiey??a niinoa??aathoueny a??ia?aei? a?aei?iiino?. *anoioa
aeeoaiiy o aeooeo oeiey??a ia 5-7 ?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae o caei?iaeo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaeeea ei?aeoe?eii? ?iaioe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a” aena?oeththoueny ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioth/iai
aenia?eiaioo.

O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy o?ce/ieo
ai?aa, ye? c iaeiiai aieo, ?icaeaathoue o?ce/i? yeino? (oaeaee?noue,
neeo, ni?eoi?noue, aeo?eaae?noue), a c ?ioiai – oi?iothoue iniiai? ?ooe
(oiaeueaa, a?a, no?eaee, eac?iiy). Aoaeoeai?noue oeueiai i?ioeano a
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny e?euee?noth oa ye?noth aeeiioth/eo ai?aa,
oiaoi i??ith o?ce/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy ieaei?o oa aa?oi?o iaae aeiionoeieo o?ce/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue o ai?aaao ??ciiiai?oiiai oa?aeoa?o aeey aeooeo oeiey??a
iaie aoee i?aai?ciaai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? caaaeaiiy, nooue yeeo iieyaaea
o iiaoi?ieo aeeiiaiiyo ai?aa aei iiiaioo cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy ai?aa cae?enithaaany eiio?ieue ca aeaieie /anoioe
na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue oa aeeiai?ee i’yciai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Iiaeaeeth o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue aoee ai?aae ia neeo (aaaaoi?aciaa
i’yciaa coneeey ia aeeiaiiiao??, caeiaiiy ? ?icaeiaiiy ?oe a oii??
eaaea/e), oaeaee?noue (/anoioa ?oo?a ?oe), aio/e?noue (aaaaoi?acia?
iaoeee ooeoaa aia?aae, ?eaee ?oeaie oa iaoe iiaaie c iaeneiaeueiith
aiie?ooaeith), oaeaee?nii-neeia? yeino? (aaaaoi?acia? no?eaee c i?noey),
aeo?eaae?noue (a?a ?c caaeaiith ?ioaineai?noth).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue aeey aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a ??ciiiai?oia, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?yiiaaiino? ai?aa. Iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue iiaoi?aiue
ai?aa ia aio/e?noue o?aaoa neeaaea? 25-35 ?ac?a, eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa –
20-30 ?ac?a, iea/iaiai noaeiaa – 15-25 ?ac, ai?aa ia oaeaee?noue 4-5
?ac, neeo – 2-3 ?ace oa oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo – 6-8 ?ac.

Ocaaaeueithth/e ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o oeie? aeey aeooeo ae?oae (5-9 eeane).

Iaoa o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a iieyaa? o anaa?/iiio ?
aa?iii?eiiio ?icaeoeo, i?aeaioiaoe? ?o aei aenieii?iaeoeoeaii? i?aoe? oa
aeoeaii? o/ano? a noni?eueiiio aeeoo?.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a o 5-9 eeanao:

1. Ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia’y ? caaa?ooaaiiy, ni?eyiiy i?aaeeueiiio o?ce/iiio
?icaeoeia? ? i?aeaeuaiith i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aai?cio, aeoiaaiith cae/ee
aei nenoaiaoe/ieo caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii.

2. ?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ooiaeo iaae/ie ? ai?iue, iaa/aiiy iiaeo
aeae?a ?oo?a, ?icaeoie oaeaeeino? ?oo?a, oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoae,
aio/eino?, ??aiiaaae, ni?eoiino?, aeo?eaaeino?, ?ooiai? iai’yo?, ai?iiy
i???iooaaoenue o i?inoi??.

3. Aeoiaaiiy aie?, ni?eeaino?, iaiieaaeeaino?, aeenoeeie?iiaaiino?,
eieaeoea?cio, ii/oooy ae?oaeae ? oiaa?enueeino?, iaae/ie eoeueoo?e
iiaaae?iee.

I?ia?aia neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo ?icae?e?a: a?iianoeea, eaaea aoeaoeea,
eeaeia i?aeaioiaea, ieaaaiiy, ?ooeea? ?a?e, aaneaoaie. Aeey ?aeii?a c
iaeini?aeiith ceiith i?ia?aia ia?aaeaa/a? aeiaeaoeia? ?icae?ee aeey
cai?ie: e?iniao i?aeaioiaeo ? ia?o-eeaeie.

O 5-9 eeanao ca aeiiiiiaith ei?ioei/anieo aan?ae iiaeathoueny a?aeiiino?
c a?a??ie o?ce/ieo ai?aa, ?icaeoeo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, i?aaeea
caaa?ooaaiiy, i?eeii aiaeieo i?ioeaaeo?, iia?o?yieo ? niiy/ieo aaii,
?ooiaiai ?aaeeio. Oai?aoe/i? a?aeiiino? c on?o ?icae?e?a i?ia?aie
iiaeathoueny o/iyi o i?ioean? aea/aiiy i?aeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo ia o?ioe?,
ine?eueee oe? a?aeiiino? ni?eythoue canai?iith iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo.

Aei ?icae?eo “A?iianoeea” aeeth/ai?: no?ieia? oa ii?yaeeia? ai?aae;
iniiai? ?ooe ?oeaie, iiaaie, ooeoaii; ai?aae c iaeeoeath, c iaaeaiei
i’y/ai, ia a?iianoe/i?e eaa? ? no?ioe?; ai?aae aeey oi?ioaaiiy iinoaae;
oaioethaaeuei? oa ae?iaaoe/i? ai?aae; iii?i? no?eaee; eac?iiy ii eaiaoo;
ai?aae o ??aiiaac?; iiaeieaiiy nioa ia?aoeiae; ai?aae o aenao e oii?ao.

O 5-9 eeanao ?c eaaei? aoeaoeee aei i?ia?aie aeeth/ai?: a?a ia ei?ioe? ?
na?aaei? aeenoaioe??, e?in, no?eaee o aenioo ? aeiaaeeio c ?ica?ao,
iaoaiiy oai?niiai i’y/a.

Aei ?icae?eo eeaeii? i?aeaioiaee aoiaeyoue niiniae ia?anoaaiiy ia
eeaeao, i?aeeiie ? nionee ?c noee?a, iiai?ioe ? aaeueioaaiiy,
ia?anoaaiiy ia i?noeaaino? c ??ciiiai?oiei ?aeue?oii.

?ooeea? ?a?e i?ae?a?ai? oae, uia ?o iiaeia aoei i?iaiaeeoe ye a oiiaao
nii?oeaiiai caeo, oae ? ia a?aee?eoiio iia?o??. O i?ia?ai? iiaeai? ?a?e,
ye? aeeth/athoue: a?a, no?eaee, iaoaiiy, a?a ia eeaeao, ieaaaiiy; ?a?e,
ye? iio?aaothoue aeyaeaiiy neee, ni?eoiino?, oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe??,
i???ioaoe?? a i?inoi??, ?ooiai? iai’yo?, ai?iiy caa??aaoe ??aiiaaao;
ei?oeeaino?, aeoiaothoue ii/oooy eieaeoea?cio ? oiaa?enueeino?. Ie?aiei
?icae?eii i?aaenoaaeaii aaneaoaie.

Aei ?icae?eo “ieaaaiiy” aeeth/aii iaoa??ae aeey iaa/aiiy o?eiaoenue ia
aiae?, oaoi?ee nii?oeaiiai ieaaaiiy (e?ieue ia a?oaeyo ? niei?, a?an),
i?eeeaaeiiai ieaaaiiy, noa?oiaiai no?eaea oa iiai?io?a. Iaiao?aei?noue
aeeth/aiiy ieaaaiiy aei iniiaiiai ?icae?eo i?ia?aie iiynith?oueny oei,
ui aiii ?icaeaa? ?yae iiceoeaieo yeinoae, ye? aeey aeooeo oeiey??a
iathoue ae?ae aaaeeeaa aeeoo?aa cia/aiiy: oaeineiiaeththoueny ooieoe??
nenoaie aeeoaiiy, ?icaeaa?oueny eii?aeeiaoe?y ?oo?a e oi?iiy
i???iooaaoeny a iacae/iiio na?aaeiaeu?.

Iiaiee iaoa??ae iiaea?oueny o i?ioean? aea/aiiy oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aeoe/iiai iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo e i?noeoue neiaiee ? o?acaieia?th.
Neiaiee ?c ?icae?e?a i?ia?aie canoiniao?oueny aieiaiei /eiii i?e
iiyniaii? ? ?ico/oaaii? iiaeo ?ooiaeo ae?e. Canai?iiy o?acaieia??
iaiao?aeii i?aeoeeoaaoe ia eiaeiiio o?ioe?.

O eiaeiiio ?icae?e? i?ia?aie ia?aaeaa/aii iaoa??ae aeey ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo
yeinoae, a yeiio iiaeai? i???ioiai? aa??aioe ai?aa. Iaoa??ae aeey
?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae iiaea ieaioaaoeny c aeia?aaeaeaiiyi:
iai?eeeaae, o ci?no aeeth/aieo o?ie?a eaaei? aoeaoeee aaiaeyoueny ai?aae
aeey ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae ?c ?icae?eo a?iianoeee, a aei inoaii?o
o?ie?a a?iianoeee – ai?aae, ye? aioothoue o/i?a aei o?ie?a eeaeii?
i?aeaioiaee.

O/eoaeue o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e cae?enith? iaaeaaia?/iee eiio?ieue ca ??aiai
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a, a?aoiao? aeai? iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a ?
?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue. O i??o i?ioiaeaeaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeyoue ia?aa??i/i? aei?iaoaaiiy ca aeaeaie
?ooiaeo ae?e. Ioe?ieo oni?oiino? c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e aecia/athoue
nooiaiai canai?iiy oaeoe/ii iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ia iniia? aeiia aei
o/i?a, aeacaieo o e?ioe? eiaeiiai ?icae?eo i?ia?aie.

Iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio iieacaa aenieo aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii?
i?ia?aie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeooeo i?aee?oe?a (oaae.4)

Oaaeeoey 4

O?ce/iee noai oeiey??a aenia?eiaioaeueii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi (XSx)

Iieacieee*an oanooaaiiy Aenia?e-iaioaeueia a?oiaEiio?i-eueia
a?oia??c-ieoeyC??no, niAei aenia?eiaioo138,21,2138,11,40,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo144,31,3143,11,20,5Aaaa, eaAei
aenia?eiaioo33,21,432,71,10,5I?ney aenia?eiaioo37,61,236,41,405Ianya
a?oaeii? ee?oee ia aaeeoo, niAei aenia?eiaioo65,41,464,31,40,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo68,71,267,41,50,5A?a 30 i, nAei
aenia?eiaioo7,00,097,10,050,5I?ney aenia?eiaioo5,80,057,00,040,001A?a
1500i, oa,nAei aenia?eiaioo115,21,9114,91,70,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo1091,6114,21,80,05No?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, niAei
aenia?eiaioo125,32,1126,22,20,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo133,41,9127,52,10,001*iaieeiaee a?a 3 o 10 i, nAei
aenia?eiaioo10,00,0710,10,040,5I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaae.4

I?ney aenia?eiaioo9,10,099,80,060,05Neea eeno?, eaAei
aenia?eiaioo22,40,722,50,80,5I?ney aenia?eiaioo260,6240,70,05Iaoee
aia?aae, niAei aenia?eiaioo3,00,62,60,50,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo7,00,52,80,40,001*anoioa ?oo?a ?oe ca 10 n, e-noue
?ac?aAei aenia?eiaioo52,31,553,61,40,5I?ney
aenia?eiaioo59,10,954,31,10,001Ooieoe?y ??aiiaaae, nAei
aenia?eiaioo5,40,44,10,60,5I?ney aenia?eiaioo29,41,28,30,90,001

Oeiey?? aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie iaee aeuee ??aaiue o?ce/iiai noaio,
i?ae eiio?ieueii?. Iaea?eueo? c?ooaiiy niinoa??aathoueny ca iieacieeaie
a?ao ia 30 i, no?eae?a o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, iaoeeo aia?aae ?c
iieiaeaiiy neaey/e, /anoioe ?oo?a ?oe ca 10 n oa ooieoe?? ??aiiaaae (?
0,001). Cia/ii c?inee oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe a?ao ia 1500 i, neee eeno? (?
0,05).?iaeea?aeoaeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a c o?ce/iiai noaio i?aee?oe?a
i?ney aenia?eiaioo iieaco? oaiaeaioe?th ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie o?ea,
ianyao a?oaeii? ee?oee o i?aaenoaaiee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy”
io?eiai? o?e a?oie aeaieo: i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/? (1 a?oia), aeai?, ui
aeiiiaiththoue ?nioth/? ?ic?iaee (2 a?oia), oa aaniethoii iia? c aeaii?
i?iaeaie (3 a?oia).

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeai? (N.A.O?ouaaa (1977), I.I.C?ie?ia
(1963), ui ?aaoey?i? caiyooy o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie aeoea?cothoue i?aaie oa
nenoaie ? iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia caaaeueiee o?ce/iee noai oeiey??a.
I?aeoaa?aeaeai? oaeiae aeai? i?i ??aaiue ? a?eiao aeeiai?eo o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeooeo oeiey??a (I.N.Ea?aaaiiaa, 1993;
E.I.*aoaithe,1993; ?.ss.Eioeai, 1995; ?.A.A?eaianueea, 1998).

Aei ae?oai? a?oie iaeaaeaoue aeai? i?i ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo ?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aeooeo oeiey??a. O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??
(I.A.Aaee?ia, 1991; TH.A.A?neiaaoia, 1993; A.A.Na?i??a, 1990, 1992)
aeaco?oueny ia nooo?aa a?aenoaaaiiy o o?ce/iiio oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiio
noai? aeooeo o/i?a o ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie caei?iaeo. Iaie
anoaiiaeaii, ui oe? ?ica?aeiino? iathoue ia iaeiaeiaee oa?aeoa?. Oae
iaea?eueo? a?aenoaaaiiy niinoa??aathoueny o aac?, ianyao ie?oaeiino?
a?oaeii? ee?oee, ui aea? iiaeeeaino? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iieacieee, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue o?aioaaiith, iathoue a?eueo? ?ica?aeiino? i?ae caei?iaeie
oa aeooeie ae?oueie, i?ae iieacieee, ui iaeaea ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? oeiey??a.

Ca iieacieeaie /anoioe aeeoaiiy oa aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue aeoo? o/i?
iinooiathoueny caei?iaei. Iaeiae a?oa??aeueiee oene oa /anoioa na?oeaaeo
nei?i/aiue nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciythoueny.

Aaniethoii iiaeie ? aeai? i?i aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeey
aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?yiiaaiino? o?ce/ieo
ai?aa, a oaeiae i?ia?aia c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey oeueiai eiioeiaaioo.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui ?icoe?aiiy ?ooiai?
aeoeaiino? o/i?a ca ?aooiie oe?eani?yiiaaiiai no?oeoo?iiai ioi?ieaiiy oa
noai?iai aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa, ui aeeth/athoue o eiiieaen ?c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey niaoe?aeueieo oe?e ii noo? on? oi?ie
i?aai?caoe?? caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith oa nii?oii, aea? aoaeo o
aei?aaeaii? aeaoaeo?a oa ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue. I?e oeueiio, ca aaaaoueia
iieacieeaie ?ooiai? noa?e aeoo? iaaeeaeathoueny aei iaeiie?oe?a ?c
ianiaeo oe?e, ui nooo?ai ca?eueoo? ?o iiaeeeaino? iiaeaeueoiai iaa/aiiy
oa nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe??.

AENIIAEE

1. O no/anieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo aea/aii aieea aeaoaeoo neooo ia
ineoi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai oa aiae?caoi?e ethaeeie, iniaeeaino?
?icaeoeo ?oo?a o aeooeo i?aee?oe?a, ei?aeoe?eia cia/aiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa.
?acii c oei, caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aia aeicoaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue
o ai?aaao ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o, ia ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a.

2. O?ce/iee ?icaeoie caei?iaeo ae?oae, ui /othoue, cia/ii ia?aaeuo?
aeooeo (? 0,001). Iaea?eueo? ?ica?aeiino? niinoa??aathoueny ca
iieacieeaie aaae ? ianyao a?oaeii? ee?oee. C a?eii o ae?oae
a?aecia/a?oueny ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie aeiaaeeie o?ea. Oae c 11 aei 15
?ie?a c??no iieaciee?a aeiaaeeie o?ea noaiiaeoue o oeii/ee?a 14,6%
(aeoo?) ? 18,4 (caei?ia?), o ae?a/aoie a?aeiia?aeii – 13,5% ? 12,6%.
A?aei?iiino? i?ae aeooeie ? caei?iaeie ae?oueie uiaei iane o?ea c a?eii
iinooiiai cieaeothoueny.

3. ??aaiue ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae caei?iaeo ae?oae aeuee, i?ae o
aeooeo. Iaea?eueoa a??ia?aeia ??cieoey niinoa??aa?oueny o ni?eoiino?,
aeo?eaaeino?, aio/eino? e oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoyo. Ca iieacieeaie
oaeaeeino? ? aaniethoii? neee aeoo? ? caei?ia? oeiey?? ia iathoue
a??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae. Aeeiai?ea ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iino?eiei, aea ia??aiii??iei ca?eueoaiiyi. Iaea?eueo
?ioaineaiee c??no ?acoeueoao?a oa?aeoa?iee aeey neee, oaeaeeino?,
aio/eino? oa ??aiiaaae.

4. A?oa??aeueiee oene ? /anoioa na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue aeooeo ? caei?iaeo
o/i?a i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciythoueny. I?ae iieacieeaie /anoioe aeeoaiiy ?
aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue o aeooeo ? caei?iaeo i?aee?oe?a
niinoa??aa?oueny a??ia?aeia ??cieoey. *anoioa aeeoaiiy o aeooeo oeiey??a
ia 5-7 ?ac?a a?eueoa (29,2%-32,7%), i?ae o caei?iaeo. AEeoo?aa ?ii?noue
eaaaiue o caei?iaeo i?aee?oe?a ia 20% (24,4%-44,6%) aeua, i?ae o aeooeo.

5. Aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue aeey aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a
??cia, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o ni?yiiaaiino?. Iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue
iiaoi?aiue ia aio/e?noue o?aaoa neeaaea? 25-35 ?ac?a, eoeueoiaiai
noaeiaa – 20-30 ?ac?a, iea/iaiai noaeiaa – 15-25 ?ac?a, ia oaeaee?noue –
4-5 ?ac?a, neeo – 2-3 ?ace ? oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo yeinoae – 6-8 ?ac?a.

6. ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey aeooeo oeiey??a
ia?aaeaa/a? o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/ee ?aaeei oeiee, ui ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ?
aaeineiiaeaiith icaei?ia/eo, ei?aeoe?eieo, ina?oi?o ? aeoiaieo
caaaeaiue. ?icae?ee iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie aeeth/athoue a?iianoeeo, eaaeo
aoeaoeeo, eeaeio i?aeaioiaeo, ieaaaiiy, ?ooeea? ?a?e, aaneaoaie, e?iniao
i?aeaioiaeo ? ia?o-eeaeie. Eiaeai ?icae?e i?noeoue oai?aoe/i?
a?aeiiino?, i?aeoe/iee iaoa??ae, neiaiee, o?acaieia?th ? ii?iaoeai?
aeiiae.

7. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a cia/ii i?aeaeueei ?o o?ce/io
i?aeaioiaeai?noue. Ca iieacieeaie a?ao ia 30 i, no?eae?a o aeiaaeeio c
i?noey, iaoee?a aia?aae ? ooieoe?? ??aiiaaae oeiey?? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
a?oie ia?aaeuothoue eiio?ieueio c a??ia?aei?noth ??cieoe? ? 0,001.
I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iiai?noth ae??oo? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo ae?oae. O iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaiao?aeii
aea/eoe ieoaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? ? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo oeiey??a, neeaaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo
o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo i?ia?ai, aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ia?aiii-ii?iaoeaieo
aeiia.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Na?i??a A.A., Eioeai ?.ss., Ea?aaaiia A.A. I?ia?aie c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o oeie? aeey aeooeo ae?oae (5-11 eeane). – E.: ?CII, 1997. –
56 n.

2. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ei?aeoe?y ?ooiaeo yeinoae aeooeo oeiey??a na?aaeiueiai
a?eo caniaaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee. – 1997. – ? 6. – N.75-79.

3. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeooeo i?aee?oe?a //
Oece/aneia ainieoaiea nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae: Nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1998. – ? 2. – N.37-39.

4. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Aecia/aiiy aeicoaaiue iaaaioaaeaiiy o ai?aaao
??ciiiai?oiiai oa?aeoa?o aeey aeooeo oeiey??a // Oece/aneia ainieoaiea
nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. –
Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1998. – ? 2. – N.39-42.

5. Ea?aaaiia A.A. O?iaaiue ?acaeoey neeu e nei?inoii-neeiauo ea/anoa o
aeooeo oeieueieeia // Oece/aneia ainieoaiea nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo
niaoeeaeueiinoae: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1999. – ?
1. – N.11-13.

6. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ei?aeoe?y ?ooiaeo yeinoae aeooeo oeiey??a na?aaeiueiai
a?eo caniaaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee. – 1997. – ? 6. – N.75-79.

7. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aeooeo i?aee?oe?a //
Oece/aneia ainieoaiea nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae: Nai?iee
iao/iuo o?oaeia. – Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1998. – ? 2. – N.37-39.

8. Ea?aaaiia A.A. Aecia/aiiy aeicoaaiue iaaaioaaeaiiy o ai?aaao
??ciiiai?oiiai oa?aeoa?o aeey aeooeo oeiey??a // Oece/aneia ainieoaiea
nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae: Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia. –
Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1998. – ? 2. – N.39-42.

9. Ea?aaaiiaa I.N., *aoaithe E.I., Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ioce/ii-?eoi?/ia
aeoiaaiiy aeooeo ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo // Oace aeiiia?aeae
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oeaia
i?aeaioiaea iieiae?”. – Eooeuee, 1991. – N.30-32.

10. Ea?aaaiiaa I.N., Ea?aaaiia A.A. ?ieue ??cieo aiae?caoi??a o
oi?ioaaii? /oooy ?eoio a aeooeo aeioe?eueiee?a o niaoenaaeeao //
Iaoa??aee ia?oi? ?anioae?eainueei? eiioa?aioe?? “Eiioeaioe?y i?aeaioiaee
niaoe?ae?no?a o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?”. – Eooeuee: Iaaenoe?’y,
1994. – N.480-482.

AIIOAOe??

Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ei?aeoe?y o?ce/ieo iaaeie?e?a aeooeo oeiey??a o i?ioean?
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a,
o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy. – Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, Eooeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi ei?aeoe?? o?ce/ieo iaaeie?e?a aeooeo
oeiey??a o i?ioean? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii aeicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo
ai?aa aeey aeooeo oeiey??a 11-15 ?ie?a. Iioeiaeueia e?euee?noue
iiaoi?aiue ai?aa ia aio/e?noue o?aaoa noaiiaeoue 25-35 ?ac?a,
eoeueoiaiai noaeiaa – 20-30 ?ac?a, iea/iaiai noaeiaa – 15-25 ?ac?a,
ai?aa ia oaeaee?noue – 4-5 ?ac?a, neeo – 2-3 ?ace ? oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo
yeinoae – 6-8 ?ac?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?ia?aio c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey
aeooeo oeiey??a 5-9 eean?a, yea i?noeoue a?a??i?/ii iaa?oioiaaiee
o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/ee ?aaeei oeiee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy
icaei?ia/eo, ei?aeoe?eieo, ina?oi?o ? aeoiaieo caaaeaiue. ?icae?ee
iaa/aeueii? i?ia?aie aeeth/athoue a?iianoeeo, eaaeo aoeaoeeo, eeaeio
i?aeaioiaeo, ieaaaiiy, ?ooeea? ?a?e, aaneaoaie, eiacaie, e?iniao
i?aeaioiaeo ? ia?o-eeaeie. Eiaeai ?icae?e ia? oai?aoe/i? a?aeiiino?,
i?aeoe/iee iaoa??ae, neiaiee, o?acaieia?th ? ii?iaoeai? aeiiae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeoo? ae?oe, ei?aeoe?y, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy, aeicoaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiue, o?ce/iee noai, i?ia?aia.

Karabanov A. The Correction of corporal defects of the deaf pupils in
the process of physical education. – Manuscript.

These is for sucking of scientific degree of Candidate of Physical
and Sport Science on specialty 24.00.02 – Physical culture, physical
education of different population group. – The Volynsky State University
by Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk, 1999.

Our investigation dedicate to the questions of the correction the
corporal defects of the deaf pupils in the process of physical
education, We are work out the doses of physical exercise for deaf
pupils of 11-15 years old. The optimal number of repeating exercise for
the flexibility in the backbone 25-30 tunes, for the hip – bone joints
20-30 times, for the humorous joint – 15-25 times, for the power 2-3
tines, and exercise for the speed power quality 6-8 times.

We suggested the program of the physical education for the deaf pupils
in the 5-9 daises in our scientific research. These program have the
special physical school regime, which helps to provide the solution of
such questions as. Correctional, educational and the health problems.
The sections in our program deals with the gymnastics, with the track
and field athletics, with the basketball, with the ski with the skating,
with the swimming, with the cross – country race and so on Each section
have the theoretical information, practical material, the dictionary,
the phazedogy and the normative demands.

Key-words: deaf pupils, the correction, physical education, the dosed
of physical exercise, the physical condition, the program.

Ea?aaaiia A.A. Ei??aeoeey oece/aneeo iaaeinoaoeia aeooeo oeieueieeia a
i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02 –
Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?aciuo a?oii ianaeaiey.
–Aieuineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eane Oe?aeiee, Eooee,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ei??aeoeee oece/aneeo iaaeinoaoeia
aeooeo oeieueieeia a i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey. A ?aaioa
ii?aaeaeaiu o?iaaiue e aic?anoiay aeeiaieea oece/aneiai ninoiyiey aeooeo
oeieueieeia 11-15 eao. Oece/aneia ?acaeoea neuoaueo aeaoae cia/eoaeueii
i?aainoiaeeo aeooeo (? 0,001). Iaeaieueoea ?acee/ey iaaethaeathony ii
iieacaoaeyi aana e ie?oaeiinoe a?oaeiie eeaoee. N aic?anoii o aeaoae
ioia/aaony eioaineaiia ?acaeoea aeeeiu oaea. Oae, n 11 aei 15 eao
i?e?ino iieacaoaeae aeeeiu oaea ninoaaeyao o iaeue/eeia 14,6 % (aeooea)
e 18,4 % (neuoauea), o aeaai/ae 13,5 % (aeooea) e 12,6 % (neuoauea).
?acee/ey iaaeaeo aeooeie e neuoaueie aeaoueie ii ianna oaea n aic?anoii
iinoaiaiii nieaeathony. O?iaaiue ?acaeoey oece/aneeo ea/anoa neuoaueo
aeaoae i?aainoiaeeo aeooeo. Iaeaieaa aeinoiaa?iua ioee/ey a eiaeinoe,
auiineeainoe, aeaeinoe e nei?inoii-neeiauo ea/anoaao. Ii iieacaoaeyi
auno?iou e aaniethoiie neeu aeooea e neuoauea oeieueieee ia eiatho
aeinoiaa?iuo ?acee/ee. Aeeiaieea ?acaeoey oece/aneeo ea/anoa
oa?aeoa?ecoaony iinoiyiiui, ii ia?aaiiia?iui oaaee/aieai. Iaeaieaa
eioaineaiue i?e?ino ?acoeueoaoia oa?aeoa?ai aeey neeu, auno?iou,
aeaeinoe e ?aaiiaaney. A?oa?eaeueiia aeaaeaiea e /anoioa na?aea/iuo
nie?auaiee aeooeo e neuoaueo oeieueieeia i?aeoe/anee ia ioee/athony.
Iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie /anoiou aeuoaiey e aeeciaiiie aieinoe eaaeeo o
aeooeo e neuoaueo iiae?inoeia iaaethaeathony aeinoiaa?iua ?acee/ey.
*anoioa aeuoaiey o aeooeo oeieueieeia ia 5-7 ?ac aieueoa, iaaeaee o
neuoaueo. AEeciaiiay aieinoue eaaeeo o neuoaueo iiae?inoeia ia 20 % auoa
/ai o aeooeo.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioaia aeice?iaea oece/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee ?acee/iie
iai?aaeaiiinoe aeey aeooeo iiae?inoeia. Iioeiaeueiia eiee/anoai
iiaoi?aiee oi?aaeiaiee ia aeaeinoue iicaiii/iiai noieaa ninoaaeyao 25-35
?ac, oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa — 20-30 ?ac, iea/aaiai nonoaaa – 15-25 ?ac,
oi?aaeiaiey ia auno?ioo – 4-5 ?ac, neeo – 2-3 ?aca e nei?inoii-neeiauo
ea/anoa – 6-8 ?ac.

Iaiauay ?acoeueoaou iaoeo enneaaeiaaiee, auea ?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiia ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth aeey aeooeo oeieueieeia 5-9 eeannia, eioi?ay
i?aaeoniao?eaaao oeceoeueoo?ii-icaei?iaeoaeueiue ?aaeei oeieu,
niinianoaothuee ?aoaieth icaei?iaeoaeueiuo, ia?aciaaoaeueiuo e
ainieoaoaeueiuo caaea/. ?acaeaeu i?ia?aiiu aeeth/atho aeiianoeeo,
eaaeoth aoeaoeeo, euaeioth iiaeaioiaeo, ieaaaiea, iiaeaeaeiua ea?u,
aaneaoaie, eiiueee, e?inniaoth iiaeaioiaeo e ia?o-a?inie. Eaaeaeue
?acaeae niaea?aeeo oai?aoe/aneea naaaeaiey, i?aeoe/aneee iaoa?eae,
neiaa?ue, o?acaieiaeth e ii?iaoeaiua o?aaiaaiey.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou iaoee i?eiaiaiea a
i?aeoeea oece/aneiai ainieoaiey niaoeeaeueiuo oeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeooea oeieueieee, ei??aeoeey, oece/aneia ainieoaiea,
aeice?iaea iaa?ocie, oece/aneia ninoiyiea, i?ia?aiia.

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