AeIIAANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

AEeaiaea?ia Ieeiea Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 624.151.5 : 69.059.22

EIINO?OEOe?? C OA?IIIEANOE*IEIE

AEAIAIOAIE AeEss AE??AITHAAIIss AOAe?AAEUe

? NII?OAe

05.23.01 – Aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? ? nii?oaee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae??aea – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaoeueeiio I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeo? Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaii? aoae?aaeueii? ei?ii?aoe?? “Oe?aoae”.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani?

Iao?aeia Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeo,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aaaaoiiiaa?oiaeo

i?iieneiaeo aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe i?ioani?

Oaa?i Ieaenaiae? Eueaiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e cae?ciaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e;

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe aeioeaio

Ei?noi Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y

aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: AAO “Ee?aCIAe?AI” Aea?aeaaiiai

eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao aoae?aieoeoaa, a?o?oaeoo?e oa aeeoeiai?
iie?oeee (i. Ee?a).

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 _”_ /a?aiy _1999 ?. i 10-e
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 12.085.01 o
Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: Oe?a?ia, 339023, Aeiiaoeueea iae., i. Iae??aea, aoe.
Aea?aeaa?ia, 2, 1-ee o/aiaee ei?ion, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 28 _”__ o?aaiy ___1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?a-

e?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e. o. i. aeioeaio THaia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oa?eoi??y Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neeaaeieie
?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieie ? a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie oiiaaie aoae?aieoeoaa.

Ii?yae ?c o?aaeeoe?eieie caniaaie caoenoo aoae?aaeue, oaeeie ye ?icoei
aoae?aaeue ia a?aen?ee, oeaoooaaiiy iiaa?oiaeo cae?ciaaoiiieo iiyn?a,
oeaoooaaiiy oa?a eiacaiiy o ooiaeaiaioii-i?aeaaeuei?e /anoei? ? oiio
iiae?aia, inoaii?i /anii cyaeeenue iia? iaoiaee caoenoo aoae?aaeue, ui
aeicaieythoue ?aaoethaaoe iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiee noai eiino?oeoe?e, a
oiio /ene? aei?aaeyoe e?aie aoae?aaeue o i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??.

Nooue iiaeo iaoiae?a caoenoo iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? niaoe?aeueieo
i?eno?i?a. sse oae? niaoe?aeuei? i?eno?i? canoiniaothoueny iaoai?cie,
iai?eeeaae, aeiie?aoe /e niaoe?aeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aeaoi?iaoeai?noue
yeeo ?noioii caeaaeeoue a?ae ?aaoeueiaaieo ia?aiao??a (oeneo,
oaiia?aoo?e ? o. i.).

O oe?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeothoueny niaoe?aeuei? eiino?oeoe?? c
anoaeueoiaaoiio, ui iathoue nooo?ao oa?iiieanoe/i?noue i?e oaiia?aoo?ao,
aeecueeeo aei oaiia?aoo?e ieaae?iiy a?ooio. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aoe?
oa?iiieanoe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e c anoaeueoiaaoiio, ui i?noeoueny o
a?eueiiio ia’?i?, i?e ?aaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiiyo o aoae?aeyo c iaoith
canoinoaaiiy ?o ye cao?ae caoenoo a?ae ia??aiii??ieo in?aeaiue i?aeaaeei
ia i?iaiaeeeinue, oae ye aaaaeaeinue, ui oe? eiino?oeoe?? /e oi iathoue
ioeueiao o?eaaeo i?oei?noue, /e oi ia iathoue oa?iiieanoe/iino?.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeo? a iaaeao oaiaoe/ieo
ieai?a Aea?aeaoaeo N?N? ca caaaeaiiyie 11.02.07 N11ao, 06.02.04 N11a2,
06.01.03 N8a4, 06.02.08 NAe5a1, a oaeiae ca caaaeaiiyie Aea?aeaoaeo
Oe?a?ie oa Aeiiaoeueeiai i?nueeaeeiieiio

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe?e c oa?iiieanoe/ieie
aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio, aeicaieyth/eo cae?enithaaoe ae??aithaaiiy
aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue ia i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo c onooiiiiae?aieie
in?aeaiiyie caiii? iiaa?oi?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??oaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ?ic?iaeaii, caoeuaii aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee,
eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue c oa?iiieanoe/ieie
aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio, ui aeicaieythoue ae??aithaaoe aoae?ae?;

— aecia/aii ia?aiao?e i?oeiino? oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c
anoaeueoiaaoiio a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?oiueiai neeaaeo, oaiia?aoo?e oa
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co;

aecia/aii aeaoi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a i?e
ieoiieo oeneao aei 1,2 IIa;

— anoaiiaeaii oaeaeeino? aeaoi?ioaaiiy oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a i?e
ae??aithaaii? aoae?aaeue;

— ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai
iiyna a caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeo anoaeueoiaaoiio oa aaiiao?e/ieo
?ici???a eiino?oeoe??;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?eno?i? oa i?eeaaee c aei?iaoaaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy oa
oeaoooaaiiy oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c anoaeueoiaaoiio;

— ia?aa??aii i?aoeacaeaoi?noue eiino?oeoe?? c oa?iiieanoe/ieie
aeaiaioaie a iaoo?ieo oiiaao;

— ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy no??/eiaeo ooiaeaiaio?a
?c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio aeey ae??aithaaiiy
aoae?aaeue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a: O aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii oae?
iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe:

— eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue c oa?iiieanoe/ieie
aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio, ui aeicaieythoue ae??aithaaoe ?oi? e?aie
i?e ia??aiii??ieo aeaoi?iaoe?yo i?aeaaeei;

— aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i i?oeiini? ? aeaoi?iaoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c anoaeueoiaaoiio i?e oeneao aei 1,2 IIa;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaii oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?ic?aooieo
i?oeiino? oa aeaoi?iaoeaiino? oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a o caeaaeiino?
a?ae neeaaeo anoaeueoiaaoiio oa aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a eiino?oeoe?? a
?aaeei? ii?iaeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? ? a ?aaeei? aei?aaeaiiy e?ai?a;

— i?eeaaee ? i?eno?i? c aeaioiaeaiiy, oeaoooaaiiy ? aei?iaoaaiiy
oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c anoaeueoiaaoiio.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue
oa?eoee aei aeaeaieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeiei ?inoeoooii aoae?aaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e Aea?aeaoaeo Oe?a?ie (IAe?AE, i. Ee?a) “Iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae”, a oaeiae
aeei?enoiaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? “?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy
no??/eiaeo ooiaeaiaio?a c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio
aeey ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? ?
aoae?aieoeoa? 23 naeoe?e aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a o i?noao Aeiiaoeueeo ?
Ai?e?aoe?. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeoue 450 oen. a?i.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: Iaaaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e i?aoe?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeai? caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii. Iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? o:

noai?aii? oa ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue c
oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio;

— i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?c i?aeai?o neeaaeo
anoaeueoiaaoiio, aecia/aii? i?oeiinieo ? aeaoi?iaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae neeaaeo anoaeueoiaaoiio oa
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a; o/ano? o i?iaaaeaii? iaoo?ieo aei?iaoaaiue
aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie;

— ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeee ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna ?
oaeaeeino? eiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e aeieaaeaii?;

— iaoeiaiio noi?iaiaeaeaii? aoae?aieoeoaa aoae?aaeue c oa?iiieanoe/ieie
aeaiaioaie ia i?ae?iaethaaieo iaeaeai/eeao ?c oaeoii?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie;

— caeeaaeaii? niinoa?aaeieo noaioe?e oa cai?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo;

— aiae?c? oa ocaaaeueiaii? aeaieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue
ci?iaiiy i?oeiino? ? aeaoi?iaoeaiino? oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a i?e
o?eaae?e aenieoaoaoe??;

— ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?iaeooaaiiy aoae?aaeue c
oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio aeey ?o ae??aithaaiiy.

O ioaeeeaoe?yo ?c ni?aaaoi?aie caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiaii: aenia??iaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a [1, 9-13, 15, 18, 19, 21];
?ic?iaea oa ?ic?aooiie eiino?oeoe?e [5-7, 16]; iaoeiaa noi?iaiaeaeaiiy
aoae?aieoeoaa [14].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iia?aeiieai?:
ia IO? Aeiiaoeueeiai I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeoo (1977-87 ?.?.); ia ?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iieiae? a/ai? — iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio
i?ia?ano a aoae?aieoeoa?” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1978 ?.); ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio
nai?ia?? a/aieo “Ieoaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae ia
i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1979 ?.); ia eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoeia? aeinyaiaiiy Aeiiaoeueeiai I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeoo — aoaeiaai
i’yoe??/ee” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1981 ?.); ia VIII, ?X, X iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Iae??anueeiai
?iaeaia?ii-aoae?aaeueiiai ?inoeoooo (Iae??aea, 1980, 1982, 1984 ??.); ia
?X, X?, XVI, XVII iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/i?
aeooeoaaiiy oa i?iaeooaaiiy ooiaeaiaio?a o Aeiiaan?” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1981,
1983, 1988, 1989 ??.); ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a
“Iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo oa eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy i?iieneiaeo nii?oae, ui
aoaeothoueny oa aenieoaoothoueny ia i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo”
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1985 ?.); ia iaeani?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
iieiaeeo a/aieo ? niaoe?ae?no?a “Aiooc?aci ? oai?/?noue iieiaeeo —
aoaeiaai X?? i’yoe??/ee” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1987 ?. ); ia Ananithciiio
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio nai?ia?? “I?iaeaie aoae?aieoeoaa ia’?eo?a aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? ia i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1989 ?.); ia
?? ? ?V iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aoc?a Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1994
?., Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996 ?.); ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “50
?ie?a Aeiiaoeueeiio I?iiaoaeIAe?i?iaeoo oa ?icaeoie aoae?aaeueii? iaoee
a Aeiiaan?” (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
iioae?eiaai? a 23 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’youeio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiaeo, nieneo aeei?enoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e (180
iaeiaioaaiue) ? oenoueio aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 275 noi??ieao,
o oiio /ene? 138 noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, 24 noi??iee nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, 48 iiaieo noi??iie c ?enoieaie ? oaaeeoeyie, 67 noi??iie
aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeaii iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
iaea?aeai? aaoi?ii, iieacaii ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy oa ?aae?caoe?y.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? aca?iiae?e aoae?aaeue c
i?ae?iaethaaieie i?aeaaeeiaie (i?aoe? I.I. Iao?aeiaa, E.O. Iaeaiooa,
Ae.A. I?etheiaa, A.?. *a?iiai, ss.?. Aaee?iiaa, N.A. Ao?iaa) ? aeaii
ei?ioeee aiae?c ?nioth/eo caoiae?a caoenoo aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae a?ae
ia??aiii??ieo in?aeaiue i?aeaaeei.

I?ae /an i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee ei?enieo eiiaeei ia aaeeeeo ieiuao iai?io/i
aeieeathoue neeaaeia? c?ooaiiy caiii? iiaa?oi?: in?aeaiiy ?
ai?eciioaeueiee cnoa. Aiane?aeie i?ae?iaee aoae?aey ia eeoa ci?ith? nai?
iieiaeaiiy a i?inoi??, aea ia ia? aieeaathoue iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye?
aeeeeeathoue caei, cnoa, ?icoya aai noene ?? aeaiaio?a.

Aeey caiia?aaiiy iiaeeeaei iioeiaeaeaiiyi ? ?oeioaaiiyi aoae?aaeue
canoiniaothoue eiino?oeoeai? caoiaee. O oeeo aeiaaeeao, eiee
ia?ai?uaiiy nii?oaee aai ?? /anoei noa?oueny iaaeiionoeiei ca
aoae?aaeueieie ii?iaie, canoiniaothoue caoiaee (iaoiaee) c aei?aaeaiiy
(ae??aithaaiiy) nii?oaee a oe?eiio /e ?? ie?aieo /anoei.

Ae??aithth/e i?eno?i? iiaeia eeaneo?eoaaoe ca i?eioeeiii ae?? oa ca
eiino?oeoeaiei ??oaiiyi. Ca i?eioeeiii ae?? ia: ea?oaaiiy in?aeaiiyie
oeyoii i?aei?iaiiy /anoei aoae?aaeue; ea?oaaiiy in?aeaiiyie oeyoii
iioneaiiy /anoei aoae?aaeue.

Ca eiino?oeoeaiei ??oaiiyi aiie i?ae?icae?eythoueny ia i?eno?i?: aeey
ie?aieo iii?; aeey no??/eiaeo ooiaeaiaio?a; aeey ieeoieo ooiaeaiaio?a.

Aei i?aeeiiieo i?eno?i?a iaeaaeaoue: aaeioia? ? a?ae?aae?/i? aeiie?aoe;
eeeiia? i?eno?i?; iiaaii-, a?ae?i- ? ioeueiiaaeiie (?aceiia?, noaeuei? ?
o.i.) (?iaioe Ae. Aeeeniia, I. Ethoeaina, A.I. Aaiaeaey, I.I. Iao?aeiaa,
A.I. Ieeeoeia, A.I. Ieooiiaa, A.I. Aaa?eethea, A.A. Aoaianueaaa, ?.I.
Iacaioeaaa, ?.A. Ioeea?a, E.O. Iaeaiooa, A.I. Ooiianeiai, ?.A. ?ioe?ia,
?.I. Eoeaoaiei, A.I. Aecaia, TH.A. Oeeaaieiaa). I?aeeiii? i?eno?i?, ca
aeiyoeii ioeueiiaaeii?a, o yeeo ?iai/a ioeueia (iai?eeeaae, oeaiaioiee
?ic/ei), ye i?aaeei, oaa?ae??, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny oaeiae ye
iioneath/?.

Aei iioneath/eo i?eno?i?a iaeaaeaoue: i?neia? ? a?oioia? iiaeooee, ui
aeieaathoueny aiaeith /e ii?aoeueiaothoueny iaoai?ciaie; eiino?oeoeai?
aeeth/aiiy iaiaaeaii? iano/i? cae?aiino?, a oiio /ene? eeeiia? i?eno?i?
ia oa?o? (?iaioe N.I. Eeaieeiaa, I.I. Iao?aeiaa, A.A. Iaoe?ia, O.?.
Iaa?iae?, A.?. Iae??iei, A.A. Aca?a?aa, I.I. ?oo?oeueeiai, A.A. Iioeiaa,
I.I. Aeiaai?, ?.?. Ii?ioeia, A.I. Oeiey?aiei, A.N. O?aaoaa, I.?.
Ai?aiyeiaa, TH.A. *a?ieoaaa, ?.Ae. Aiaaeaiiaa, I.I. ?eaeiaa, I.I.
ss?iieaiei, A.N. Aieae, A.?. ?aoaoiaa, I.O. Oieno?iaaa, I.I. Iaea?a,
?.O. Iiiiaa, A.A. Na?iei, I. Daniel), a oaeiae eiino?oeoe?? c
oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeeth/aiiyie, ui aeeiathoueny oeyoii ?icia??ao (?iaioe
A.?. Oi?oiae?y, N.I. Eeaieeiaa, I.I. Iao?aeiaa, A.?. Iae?aiei, O.?.
Iaa?iae?, Ae.A. I?etheiaa, ?.?. Ii?ioeia, A.N. Iaeueioiaa, A.A.
Aca?a?aa, ?.N. Aeoayinueeiai, I.A. Oeey?a, A.I. Aooiaa, A.I. Iaea?aae/a,
TH.E. Aieioiaa, N. Dramski).

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy noaio ieoaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iai?yiee
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co eiino?oeoeaieo nenoai, ye?
aeeth/athoue oa?iiieanoe/i? aeaiaioe aeey ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue ?
nii?oae, oaeineiiaeaii a?aeii? oa ?ic?iaeaii iia? eiino?oeoe??, a oaeiae
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? i?eioeeie ?ic?aooieo eiino?oeoe?e, ui
caaacia/othoue ?oith o?eaaeo i?oei?noue a noaae?? ii?iaeueii?
aenieoaoaoe?? nii?oaee ? i?io?eaiiy ?c caaeaiith oaeaee?noth
oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy a noaae?? ae??aithaaiiy nii?oaee.

O i?aeoeoe? i?iaeooaaiiy oa aoae?aieoeoaa ?aae?ciaaii iaoiae aei?aaeaiiy
e?aio aaooiai? nii?oaee oeyoii aeieaae?iiy naeoe?eii? anoaeueoiaaoiiii?
ieeoe a ?? i?aeaaeeiao (A.?. Oi?oiaeee). I?oei?noue anoaeueoiaaoiiii?
ieeoe o cacia/ai?e eiino?oeoe?? caaacia/o?oueny ?ici?uaiiyi
oa?iiieanoe/iiai iaoa??aeo a caieiooiio ia’?i?.

C iaoith ?noioiueiai ciaioaiiy ianyao oa?iiieanoe/iiai iaoa??aeo
i?iiiiiaaia eiino?oeoe?y no??/eiaiai ooiaeaiaioo, a ye?e anoaeueoiaaoii
i?aoeth? a oiiaao ieinei? aeaoi?iaoe?? (?en.7). I?e oeueiio aeinyaiaiiy
iaiao?aeii? o?eaaei? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?? caaacia/o?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi ?ici???a (aenioe ? oe?eie) iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna. Aecia/ath/a a aeai?e eiino?oeoe?? caeaaei?noue
i?oeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ici???a iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co
aeine?aeaeaia oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii.

Ia iniia? aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aaeeeeo aeine?aeaeaiue i?oeiino?
anoaeueoiaaoiiieo iie?eoue (?iaioe I.I. ?iicaioeaaa, ?.A. ?ea’?aa, E.A.
Aacaioeaay, I.A. Noa?eoeueeiai, A.Ae. Aeaaiaa, A.I. Cieioa?aaa)
anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ic?aooiee ia i?oei?noue aaaeooueny a i?eiouaii?
canoiniaiino? aei oeeo iie?eoue oai??? i?oaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi
oa?oaaoino? eiino?oeoe?e oa oeyoii aaaaeaiiy iii?aai/ieo eiao?oe??io?a.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo oyaeaiue a aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
anoaeueoiaaoii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iaoa??ae ?c aioo??oi?i oa?oyi,
i?oei?noue yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy na?aaei?o iai?oaeaiue. I?e
oeueiio ia eiioaeo? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna c aaoiiieie no?iaie
a?aenooi? i?ineiacaiiy.

sse ?ic?aooieiaa iiaeaeue oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna i?eeiyoi ca’ycii-neiea
na?aaeiaeua, ui ia? aioo??oi? oa?oy, ae??ooaaeuei? ??aiaiiy aeey yeiai
iaea?aeai? A.A. Nieieianueeei. Aeeoa?aioe?ei? ??aiaiiy ??aiiaaae

o/o+oo/o=0, oo/o+o/o=0 (1)

oa oiiaa a?aie/iiai noaio Eoeiia-Ii?a (?en.1a)

1/4(oo)2+oo2= (o+o+2I)2 (sin2)/4 (2)

i?noyoue o?e eiiiiiaioe oaici?a iai?oaeaiue, o ca’yceo c /ei caaea/a
a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna ? oaeith, ui aecia/a?oueny
noaoenoe/ii.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue (1), (2) c iaoith ni?iuaiiy ?? ?icaycaiiy
ia?aoai?th?oueny aeey e?eaie?i?eii? nenoaie eii?aeeiao , inyie yei? ?
e?i?? eiacaiiy (?en. 1a), ui noai?ththoue c ii?iaeeth aei ieiu? aaeeeiai
aieiaiiai iai?oaeaiiy eooe .:

/o+tg(y=0; o+tg(y=0., (3)

aea — eoo iaoeeo aei in? O ii?iae? aei ieiuaaeee aaeeeiai aieiaiiai
iai?oaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie nenoaie ??aiyiue (3) c eiiiiiaioaie oaici?a iai?oaeaiue
aecia/a?oueny oi?ioeaie:

=+, = ;

=(ctg lnk)/2; =4 /2;

o, o =(1 sincos2)H; oo= sin sin2 , (4)

aea k, — c/aieaiiy oa eoo aioo??oiueiai oa?oy (?en. 1a).

?ica’ycaiiy caaea/? o ca’yceo c ?? neeaaei?noth iiaeaii o oi?i?
e?ioeaai-??cieoeueeiai aeai?eoio oa ia/enethaaeueii? i?ia?aie.
?ic?aooiie o?eaaei? i?oeiino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna oaeineiiaeaii a
iai?yieo aeei?enoaiiy iae?i?eieo ae?aa?ai. I?e oeueiio ca iniiao acyoa
ae?aa?aia i?oeiino? Eoeiia-Ii?a, a ye?e anoaiiaeaia a?aieoey ca?eueoaiiy
i?oeiino? iaoa??aeo i?e c?inoaii? a?ae?inoaoe/iiai oeneo (?en.2).
?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iieacaee, ui ciaioaiiy aenio? ia?a??co i?e
iaci?iii? eiai oe?ei? i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy iano/i? cae?aiino? ca
caeiiii, aeecueeei aei e?i?eiiai (?en.6).

Iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy in?aeaiue oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna
a ?aaeei? ae??aithaaiiy aoae?ae?. sse ?ic?aooieiaa iiaeaeue
oa?iiieanoe/iiai anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna i?e eiai aeieaae?ii? acyoi
a’ycea o?ei Iuethoiia.

I?e oeueiio i?eionea?oueny, ui eiao?oe??io a?/iiai oeneo aeey
anoaeueoiaaoiio a noaae?? eiai aeieaae?iiy aei??aith? iaeeieoe? (?en. 3)

z=o=o=?, (5)

aea ? – na?aaei?e oene ia anoaeueoiaaoiiiee iiyn a?ae aeuaeaaea/eo
eiino?oeoe?e.

?c ?icaeyaeaiiy ??aiiaaae aeaiaioa?ii? i?ecie aenioith dz i?eoiaeeii aei
??aiyiiy

=pz/l. (6)

A?aeiia?aeii aei caeiio Iuethoiia aeey a’yceiai o?ea

dVo/dz, (7)

aea — eiao?oe??io a’yceino? anoaeueoiaaoiio, IIa·n;

Vo — oaeaee?noue oa/?? iaoa??aeo ca iai?yiii in? o.

Aeey ?iciiae?eo ii aenio? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioa
a’yceino? i?e iaeiia?/iiio iaa??aaii? iiyna aenia?eiaioaeueii
iaa?oioiaaia oaea caeaaei?noue:

=(iei- iaen)z/2h+(iei+iaen)/2, (8)

aea iei , iaen – iaaeaa? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa a’yceino?.

C oiiae ianoeneoaaiino? aeieaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo iaea?aeaia oi?ioea
oaeaeeino? aa?oeeaeueiiai in?aeaiiy oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna:

Vz=4ph2iaeniei+ieiln(iei/iaen)/l2(ieiiaen)2. (9)

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii iaoiaeeee ? ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo ?
noaiaeiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c
anoaeueoiaaoiio. Anoaeueoiaaoiie iaee neeaae a?ooi-a?ai?oiee a?aen?a c
a?aenioeiaei ai?noii neeaaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a ca aaaith A/I=14%/100%;
16%/100%; 18%/100%; 20%/100%. A?ooi canoiniaoaaany aoae?aaeueiee ia?ee
AI 90/10 Oa?niinueeiai iaooiia?a?iaiiai caaiaeo c oaiia?aoo?ith
?ici’ya/aiiy 92iN oa iaiao?aoe??th 8-10iI. A?ai?oiee a?aen?a ia? ia’?iio
aaao 1,48 o/i3 ? iiaeoeue aaeeeino? 2,64.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ia c?aceao ae?aiao?ii 50,5 ii,
aeiaaeeiith 50 ii (F=20 ni2) ? o?aaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e aeiaaeeiith 80
ii, oe?eiith A=40 ii (F=32 ni2), aeaioiaeaieo iaoiaeii i?anoaaiiy
iaa??oi? noi?o? a i?anoi?iao i?ae oeneii a?aeiia?aeii 40 IIa ? 40 IIa
i?ioyaii 3 oaeeei.

Iaaea i?oeiino? i?e noeneoaaii? anoaeueoiaaoiio aecia/aeanue ii AINO
12801-84.

Aei?iaoaaiiy c aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? f i?iaiaeeeenue ia cnoaath/eo
onoaiiaeao i?e oaiia?aoo?? c?ace?a 20iN. Ia ?enoieao 5 ? 6 iaaaaeaii
a?ao?ee, ui ?ethno?othoue iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaaei? i?oeiino? anoaeueoiaaoiieo aeaiaio?a
i?iaiaeeeinue ca aeaiia noaiaie: ca iiaeoeai ?aeaenaoe?? iai?oaeaiue ?
ca iaoiaeii nooi?i/anoiai iaaaioaaeaiiy c i?aeaeuaiieie e?eoa??yie
noaa?e?caoe?? ia?ai?uaiue. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ca iaoiaeii
?aeaenaoe?? iai?oaeaiue iaaeai? ia a?ao?eao (?en. 4).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eaaea i?oei?noue o?aaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e a 3,0-3,5
?ace iaiueoa a?aeiia?aeii? ei?ioeino?ieiai? i?oeiino?.

?acoeueoaoe o?eaaeeo aeine?ae?a c? noeneoaaiiy o?aaiaio?a iieacaee
oaeiae, ui ?oiy iano/a cae?ai?noue nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aie?a iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co. I?e oeueiio ye?nii cacia/ai?
caeaaeiino? a?aeiia?aeathoue a?ao?eai ia ?en.6.

Ieanoe/ia aeaoi?ioaaiiy anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?e oaiia?aoo?? ia
eiioaeo? c iaa??aa/ai 200-240iN i?io?ea? c? oaeaee?noth in?aeaiiy 15-20
ii/aiae. ?ia?oe?ei?noue oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? nenoaie aeey iaoo?iiai c?acea
noaiiaeoue 1,5-2 aiaeeie. Niiaeeaaia iiooaei?noue i?e noaoe?iia?iiio
?aaeei? oa?iiieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaeoue 4 eAo.
ia 1 i2 iii?ii? ieiu? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa. ?iciiae?e
oaiia?aoo?e, ii aenio? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa, aeecueeee aei
e?i?eii? caeaaeiino? c iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi ia eiioaeo? c
aeaeo?iiaa??aa/ai. Ia?aiao?e oa?iiieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy i?e eiai
aeoea?caoe?? nooiaiyie iiae?ai?. ?ica?aei?noue oaeoe/ieo oaeaeeinoae
aeaoi?ioaaiiy c oai?aoe/ieie aeaieie ca oi?ioeith (9) noaiiaeoue aei
30%.

Aeey aei?iaoaaieo noi?oae anoaeueoiaaoiio ia a?ai?oiiio a?aen?a?
iioeiaeueiei ?c oi/ee iiaeyaeo ae??oaiiy noia?a/iino? i?ae i?oei?noth ?
ieaaei?noth ? ai?no a?ooio AI 90/10 o iaaeao 16-18%. Aoaeoeai?noue
oa?iiieanoe/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy nooo?ai i?aeaeuo?oueny i?e caaacia/aii?
o?eaaei? i?oeiino? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna anoaiiaeaiiyi a eiai o?ei
aaoiiieo aeie?a, ui aeoyaothoueny. Iaea?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueiith
eiino?oeoe??th oaeeo aeie?a ? iaeaoe cae?ciaaoiiieo ieeo, ?icae?eaieo
iie?aoeeaiiaeie eenoaie.

?en. 5 – A?ao?ee caeaaeiino? eanaoaeueieo iai?oaeaiue a?ae ae?th/eo ii
ieiuaaeoe? c??co ii?iaeueieo iai?oaeaiue i?e ei?ioei/aniiio
iaaaioaaeaii?

1-noi?o ?4; 2-noi?o ?3; 3-noi?o ?2

4-noi?o ?1; 5-noi?o ?5; 6-noi?o ?6

?en. 6 – Caeaaeiino? i?oeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co
i?e eioi?ei/anieo aeine?aeao c? noeneo o?aaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e
oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a c anoaeueoiaaoiio

1 – noi?o ? 1; 2 – noi?o ? 2; 3 – noi?o ? 3;

4 – noi?o ? 4; 5 – noi?o ? 5; 6 – noi?o ? 6

Aeine?aeaeaii ?oith aeaoi?iaoeai?noue, yea ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao,
ui caaacia/othoue ni?eueio i?aoeth ia noeneath/? iaaaioaaeaiiy c
anoaeueoiaaoiiiei iiynii. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue i?iiiiiaaii? eiino?oeoe?? i?e aeoyaoaaii? c ia?
ie?aieo ieeo c iaoith aeoea?caoe?? oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe iaoo?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
eiino?oeoe?e c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie i?e ooo/iiio aeaoi?ioaaii? oa
ae??aithaaii? aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue.

Ia ?enoieao 7 ? 8 iaaaaeaii eiino?oeoe?? c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie
aeey ae??aithaaiiy aeaa’yoeiiaa?oiaiai aeeoeiaiai aoaeeieo.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aoaeoeai?noue iaeaoa cae?ciaaoiiieo
ieeo o o?e? oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna oa i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ?ic?iaeaieo
iaoai?ci?a c ?o aeoyaiaiiy.

Oaeaee?noue oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy, aeinyaiooa a iaoo?ieo oiiaao i?e
ae??aithaaii? a?aen?eo aeaa’yoeiiaa?oiaiai aoaeeieo ia 130 ii, noaiiaeea
13 ii/aiae. Oey aaee/eia ei?aniiiaeo?oueny c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?ioeano a
noaiaeiaeo oiiaao (15 ii/aiae). Aeyaeaii aacia?a?aiee eiioaeo
ooiaeaiaio?a c i?aeaaeeiaie ? ae??aithaaiiy oene?a ia i?aeaaeeie ca
?aooiie i?enei?aiiy oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy ia ae?eyieao c
i?aeaeuaieie iai?oaeaiiyie. I?i oea na?ae/eoue oie oaeo, ui a i?ioean?
ae??aithaaiiy aoae?ae? cae?eeenue o??ueie, iaoiiaeai? aieeaii onooio a
i?aeaaeeiao, i?e oeueiio iia? o??ueie ia c’yaeeenue.

?en. 7 — ?ic??ce ooiaeaiaioo ?c cae?ciaaoiiiei oa?iiieanoe/iei iiynii

a – e?aei? no?ie; a – na?aaeiy no?ia; anoaeueoiaaoiiiee oa?iiieanoe/iee
iiyn ?c iaa??aaoaeueieie aeaiaioaie; 2 – ca??i? cae?ciaaoiii? aeiee
i’?aeanoaeo; 3 – iiiie?oiee ooiaeaiaioiee cae?ciaaoiiiee iiyn; 4 – ei?ia
cae?ciaaoiiiee; 5 – oeaaeyiee noiaiee; 6 – ooiaeaiaioia ieeoa; 7 –
oeieieueia iaiaeue; 8 – iicia/ea i?aeeiae i?aeaaeo; 9 – ca??i? aaoiii?
aeiee aeey noai?aiiy i?o; 10 – ?aia?e aeey cai??o aeaoi?iaoe??
oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna

?en. 8 – ?icai?oea ooiaeaiaio?a c oa?iiieanoe/iei iiynii

1 – anoaeueoiaaoiii? aeaiaioe; 2 – aaoiii? iii?i? aeiee; L – a?aenoaiue
i?ae aaoiiieie aeieaie

Noia?i? aia?aiaeo?aoe ii ae??aithaaiith a?aen?eo aeaa’yoeiiaa?oiaiai
aoaeeieo iiouaiiyi 2/3 eiai /anoeie ia 130 ii noaiiaeee 2000 eAo·aiae.
Aecia/aii, ui iiooaei?noue ?iciiae?eueieo i?eno?i?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo a
oeiiaiio aeaa’yoeiiaa?oiaiio aoaeeieo, ? aeinoaoiuei? aeey cae?eniaiiy
eiai ae??aithaaiiy ca ?aooiie oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii c?noaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue c
oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?aooieaie oa ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
i?iaeooaaiiy aoae?aaeue c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio.

Aeey ?ica’ycaiiy eiioaeoii? caaea/? i?eeiyoi oae? ?ic?aooieia? noaie
i?aeaaeei ? aoae?ae?.

Aeey i?aeaaeei i?eeiyoa iiaeaeue ci?iiiai eiaoeoe??ioa aei?noeino?.
I?aeaaeeie ieinei-i?inoi?iai? nenoaie i?eeiyo? o aeaeyae?
iae?i?eii-iai?oaeieo noa?aeiae, iiaeaethth/eo i?aoeth a?oioo i?e
ci?iiiio iaaaioaaeaii? a?aeiia?aeii aei i?iiiceoe?e N.I. Eeai?eiaa.

?en. 9 – Aith?a ?aaeoeaieo oene?a i?aeaaeei ii in? “A” i?e onooi? 130 ii
ia eiinie? 4,75 i a?ae in? “1” (O aoai)

4 – aith?a ?aaeoeaieo oene?a i?aeaaeei, ia/eneaieo ?c oaeoe/ieo
in?aeaiue; 5 – aith?a ?ic?aooieiaeo oene?a i?aeaaeei

A?aen?e ?icaeyiooi ye nenoaia ia?ao?anieo aaeie ?c ocaaaeueiaiith
aei?noe?noth, i?eaaaeaiith aei aei?noeino? ooiaeaiaioo. Ooiaeaiaioe
a?aen?eo aaeeeiiaiaeueii? aoae?ae? iaaeathoueny o aeaeyae?
i?oiaiiaeueii? ieinei-i?inoi?iai? nenoaie ieanoei, i?aoethth/eo a oiiaao
ieineiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia ieanoei i?eeia?oueny o
aeaeyae? ainaiaeth ieineeo o?eeooieeiaeo e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a. ??aiyiiy
ieanoe/iiai noaio e?ioeaaeo aeaiaio?a caniiaai? ia aeaoi?iaoe?eii?
oai??? ieanoe/iino?.

?acoeueoaoe c?noaaeaiiy aith? a?aeii?o a?oioo i?ae ooiaeaiaioaie
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aoaeeieo i?e ooai?aii? a eiai i?aeaaeeiao onooio
iaaeai? ia ?en.9.

Oai?aoe/iee i?iaiic ia?a?iciiae?eo oene?a ia i?aeaaeeie ca ?aooiie
ooai?aiiy onooio caaeia?eueii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie iaoo?ieo
aei??thaaiue. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y
oene?a ia i?aeaaeeiao ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?oeioaaiiy aeaiaio?a
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna. Ia i?aenoaa? oeeo aeaieo iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i aeinoaoi?noue iano/i? cae?aiino? aei?iaoaaii? eiino?oeoe??
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai iiyna i?e iniaeeaiio niieo/aii? iaaaioaaeaiue ia
ooiaeaiaioe.

?ic?aooieiaee ii?? noeniooiai oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ia?ee anoaeueoiaaoiio ? a?aeiioaiiy aenioe aei oe?eie iiia?a/iiai
?ic??co ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny i?eeiaoe a?aeiia?aeii aei oaae. 1. Aeai?
oaaeeoe? iaea?aeai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee i?e
caaania/aiiino? aeey ia?oi? a?oie iaaeiaeo noai?a 0,95.

Ia?ea anoaeueoiaaoiio aecia/a?oueny ye i?oei?noue noaiaea?oiiai
oeee?iae?a i?e oaiia?aoo?? 20iN a ea/ni2.

Oaaeeoey 1 – ?ic?aooieiaee ii?? oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna a caeaaeiino?
a?ae eiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co

=I/A?ic?aooieiaee ii?? R i?e ia?oe? anoaeueoiaaoiio, eIa4060801,0

0,75

0,60

0,50

0,30

700

1000

1500

2200

38001000

1500

2200

3500

55001400

2000

2800

4200

7500

Iiooaei?noue oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna ia?aa??y?oueny ca oi?ioeith

=q/AR,
(10)

aea — iai?oaeaiiy a iiyn?, eIa; q – ?ic?aooieiaa iiaiiia iaaaioaaeaiiy
ia oa?iiieanoe/iee iiyn ?c iniiaiiai niieo/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiue, eI/i; A –
oe?eia iiyna,i; R – ?ic?aooieiaee ii?? iiyna ca oaaeeoe?th 1, eIa.

Aenioa oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna aecia/a?oueny c oiiae eiiiainaoe??
i/eeoaaieo aeaoi?iaoe?e i?aeaaeei ? ia?aa??y?oueny ca oi?ioeith

I ho+A/ 7,
(11)

aea I – aenioa oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna;

ho — ?ic?aooieiaa aenioa onooio (cina?aaeaeaii? aeaoi?iaoe??).

I?ecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oa?iiieanoe/iiai iiyna ?iaeoueny c o?aooaaiiyi
eiino?oeoeaieo aeiia oeyoii i?aeai?o aaee/ei, caaeia?eueiyth/eo oiiaai
(10) ? (11).

INIIAI? AENIIAEE

1. Iaa?oioiaaii aoaeoeai?noue eiino?oeoe?e aeey ae??aithaaiiy
aoae?aaeue, iniiaaieo ia canoinoaaii? oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a, aenioa
yeeo iiaea ci?ithaaoeny a caaeaieo iaaeao ca ?aooiie i?io?eaiiy
oa?iiieanoe/iiai ic?aeaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ia aeiaoiaee eiino?oeoe?? c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c
anoaeueoiaaoiio aeey ae??aithaaiiy aeeoeiaeo aoae?aaeue aenioith aei
aeaa’yoe iiaa?o?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? i?eioeeie i?iaeooaaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie, ui caaacia/othoue ?oith
o?eaaeo i?oei?noue o noaae?? ii?iaeueii? aenieoaoaoe?? nii?oaee ?
i?io?eaiiy ?c caaeaiith oaeaee?noth oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy a noaae??
ae??aithaaiiy /anoei nii?oaee.

2. ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo o?eaaei? i?oeiino?
eiino?oeoe?e c anoaeueoiaaoiiieie aeaiaioaie, caniiaai? ia /enaeueiiio
?ioaa?oaaii? ??aiyiue a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae ca’ycii-neieiai na?aaeiaeua,
i?iiiiiaaieo A.A. Nieieianueeei ? ocaaaeueiaieo o iai?yieo iae?eo
iae?i?eii? ae?aa?aie i?oeiino? ca’ycaii-neieiai iaoa??aeo. Aeeiiaii
/enaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa anoaiiaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueia caeaaei?noue
iano/i? cae?aiino? eiino?oeoe?? c anoaeueoiaaoiiiei aeaiaioii a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aie?a eiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co. Ia iniia? oai???
a’ycei? oa/?? Iuethoiia ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo aeey ?ic?aooieo
oaeaeeino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa i?ae
/an eiai iaa??aaiiy aei oaiia?aoo?e ieaae?iiy a?ooio. A??ia?aei?noue
i?eeiyoeo ?ic?aooieiaeo ia?aaeoiia iaa?oioiaaia aenia?eiaioaeueii.

3. Aeeiiaii eiiieaen aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ei?ioeino?ieiai?
? aeiaaino?ieiai? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?e c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c
anoaeueoiaaoiio. Aeyaeaii o?e iniiai? oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia
i?oei?noue eiino?oeoe??, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue: a’yce?noue a?ooio;
a?aenioeiaee ai?no a?ooio a anoaeueaaoii?; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aie?a
iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa. Caeiiii??iino?
caeaaeiino? ei?ioeino?ieiai? ? aeiaaino?ieiai? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe??
a?ae cacia/aieo oaeoi??a iiae?ai?. I?e oeueiio o?eaaea i?oei?noue
caeeoa?oueny iaioa i?ae ei?ioeino?ieiaa a 3-5 ?ac?a. Inoaii? yaeua
na?ae/eoue i?i yne?aai ae?aaeai? ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino?
anoaeueoiaaoii?a.

4. Aeine?aeaeaii caeiiii??iino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e
c anoaeueoiaaoiiieie aeaiaioaie i?ae /an iaeiia?/iiai iaa??ao
anoaeueoiaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaa??aa/?a.
Onoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a ii aenio? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa
?iciiae?ey?oueny ca caeiiii, aeecueeei aei e?i?eiiai. Iniiaiith oiiaith
i?io?eaiiy oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy c iino?eiith oaeaee?noth ?
i?aeo?eiaiiy ia eiioaeo? aeaeo?iiaa??aa/a c anoaeueoiaaoiiiei aeaiaioii
oaiia?aoo?e ieaae?iiy a?ooio. I?e iaioeo oaiia?aoo?ao oa?iiieanoe/ia
in?aeaiiy aeyaey?oueny no?eaeiiiae?aii, ye iine?aeiai?noue oi?i
?oeioaaiiy anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa ? ia?aoiaeo eiai a iiaee
??aiiaaaeiee noai.

I?ae /an i?aeo?eiaiiy ia eiioaeo? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa c
aeaeo?iiaa??aa/ai oaiia?aoo?e ieaae?iiy a?ooio oa?iiieanoe/ia in?aeaiiy
i?io?ea? a aeine?aeaeaieo eiino?oeoe?yo c ii/aoeiaith oaeaee?noth
15-20ii/aiae. Aia?aiaeo?aoe cae?eniaiiy i?ioeano oa?iiieanoe/iiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy eiino?oeoe?? noaiiaeyoue a eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao 3-4eAoaiae.
ia 1i2 ieiu? anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa. Aeai? i?iaaaeaieo
aenia?eiaio?a iiaiaeaeothoueny c oai?aoe/ieie ioe?ieaie ca i?iiiiiaaieie
iaoiaeeeaie.

5. Aeeiiaii ia?aa??eo i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?iiiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e c
anoaeueoiaaoiiieie aeaiaioaie a oiiaao iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a. Aoei
onoiaii e?ai a?aen?eo aeaa’yoeiiaa?oiaiai aeeoeiaiai aoaeeieo c
iiouaiiyi eiai /anoeie, eio?a i?in?ea iaioa, ia aaee/eio 130 ii. I?ioean
ae??aithaaiiy aoae?ae? cae?enithaaany i?ioyaii 10 aiaeei ?c na?aaeiueith
oaeaee?noth oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy 13 ii/aiaeeio. I?e oeueiio a
iniiaiiio cae?eeenue ?ai?oa ooai?ai? o??ueie ? ia c’yaeeenue iia?, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i ieaai?noue i?ioeano oa ni?eyoeeaee ia?a?iciiae?e oene?a
ia i?aeaaeeie o ca’yceo c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai
in?aeaiiy a ciiao i?aeaeuaieo oene?a. Aenia?eiaioaeueiee aoaeeiie i?ney
cae?i/aiiy aenia?eiaioo aoa i?eeiyoee aei aenieoaoaoe??.

6. Aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee oaeineiiaeeoe
oaoiieia?/i? ? eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eiino?oeoe?e c anoaeueoiaaoiiieie
aeaiaioaie aeey ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue. Cie?aia aeey aeaioiaeaiiy
anoaeueoiaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a aoea i?iiiiiaaia oa ?aae?ciaaia noaiaeiaa
oaoiieia?y a?a?iou?eueiaiiy a aei?noeeo oi?iao, ui caaacia/o? a?aeiinio
u?euei?noue iaoa??aeo 0,96-0,98. Oaeineiiaeaia eiino?oeoe?y
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa aeaioiaey?oueny ni?eueii c
aeaeo?iiaa??aa/ai, ui iaaea? ?e ia iiioaaeo ye?noue o?aaeeoe?eieo
aaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e.

?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? aoee aeei?enoiaai? i?ae /an aoae?aieoeoaa 23
naeoe?e aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a ia i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo ?c
oaeoii?/ieie ii?ooaiiyie a i. Aeiiaoeueeo. O?eaae? iaoo?i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca cacia/aieie aoae?aeyie i?aeoaa?aeeee ?ic?aooieia?
ia?aiao?e canoiniaaieo eiino?oeoe?e.

7. Ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeina?aeo
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa ?ic?iaeaii oaoi?/i? oiiae ia
oa?iiieanoe/i? aeaiaioe c anoaeueoiaaoiio aeey aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue,
oaoi?/i? oiiae ia aeaeo?iiaa??aa/e no??/eia? ceacaaiiiae?ai? aeey
?ic?a??ao oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a ?c anoaeueoiaaoiio, iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue ca aeiiiiiaith
oa?iiieanoe/ieo aeaiaio?a ia i?ae?iaethaaieo oa?eoi??yo. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe i?ae /an aoae?aieoeoaa aoae?aaeue ia i?ae?iaethaaieo
oa?eoi??yo aeicaieeei io?eiaoe aeiiii?/iee aoaeo o ?ici??? 450 oen.
a?eaaiue.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

1. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii au?aaieaaieth caeaiee e
nii?oaeaiee / N.I. Eeaieeia, A.I. A?eai?ueaa, A.I. Ooiianeee, TH.E.
Aieioia, A.O. Oeoei, E.A.. Noaio?a, A.A. Iaoeei, I.A. Aiae?thuaiei, A.A.
Einie, A.A. Iaaeia, A.I. Ioeaoia, A.E. Oi?oiaeee, A.A. Oeeia, Ae.A.
Aaaee, ?.A. Ioeea?, E.O. Iaeaioo, A.I. Caienaa, TH.O. E?aieaea, A.E.
Eina?aiei, I.A. Eacia/aaneee, A.Ae. ss?ioeeee, A.A. Iao?aeia, I.A.
AEeaiaea?ia, A.A. Iaeeaiei, TH.E. Ao/eineee, I.A. Eiaaeaiei, A.?. Oiaa?,
I.I. Aanei, A.A. Aca?aaa, O.E. Iaa?iaee, I.I. Iaea?, A.A. Aeouaiei, A.E.
Iaethoa, A.E. Eioey?ia, A.A. Naaiei, A.A. Oieiaa. — Eeaa: IEENE, 1987. —
88 n.

2. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Eiino?oeoeaiua ia?u caueou iauaeoia i?e iiae?aaioea
// Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu no?ieoaeuenoaa. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaoeeee
I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo, III “Eaaaaeue”. — 1997. — N. 63-65.

3. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Eniuoaiea e au?aaieaaiea aeeeiai aeiia ia nooiai/aoi
inaaeathueo iiae?aaaouaaaiuo oa??eoi?eyo // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu
no?ieoaeuenoaa. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo, III
“Eaaaaeue”. — 1997. — N. 57-58.

4. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Caeaiey n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ia
iiae?aaaouaaaiuo oa??eoi?eyo // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu no?ieoaeuenoaa. —
Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo, III “Eaaaaeue”. — 1997. — N.
52-53.

5. A.n. 885453 NNN?, IEE3 A 02 D 35/00. Ono?ienoai aeey au?aaieaaiey
iieiaeaiey caeaiey / A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A. Iaeeaiei, I.A. AEeaiaea?ia
(NNN?); Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo (NNN?). — ? 2767583/29-33;
Cayaeaii 15.05.79; Iioae. 30.11.81, Athe. ? 44. — 2 n.: ee.

6. A.n. 1201419 NNN?, IEE4 A 02 D 35/00. Niinia au?aaieaaiey caeaiey,
nii?oaeaiey / I.A. AEeaiaea?ia, A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A. Aca?aaa, A.A.
Iaeeaiei (NNN?); Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo (NNN?). — ?
3641389/29-33; Cayaeaii 12.09.83; Iioae. 30.12.85, Athe. ? 48. — 4 n.:
ee.

7. A.n. 1454911 NNN?, IEE4 A 02 D 35/00. Ono?ienoai aeey au?aaieaaiey
nii?oaeaiey/ I.A. AEeaiaea?ia, I.A. Aaoaeea?iaa, E.A. I?yaeei (NNN?);
Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo (NNN?). — ? 4084737/29-33; Cayaeaii
07.07.86; Iioae. 30.01.89, Athe. ? 4. — 3 n.: ee.

8. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Eiino?oeoeee n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie aeey
au?aaieaaiey caeaiee // A?niee AeAeAAA, 1999. — ? 99-2(16). – N.
169-173.

9. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?iaeoe?iaaieth eaioi/iuo ooiaeaiaioia n
oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia aeey au?aaieaaiey caeaiee
/ A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A. Iaeeaiei, I.A. AEeaiaea?ia, O.E. Iaa?iaee. —
Aeiiaoee: 1985. — 23 n. (I?ai?. / Aeiiaoeeiai I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeoa;
85-85).

10. Iao?aeia A.A., Iaeeaiei A.A., AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Ooiaeaiaiou n
oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie aeey caeaiee ia ia?aaiiia?ii inaaeathueo
iniiaaieyo / Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1978. — 15 n. —
?on. — Aeai. a OeEIEN Ainno?iy NNN? 27.12.79, ? 1207 — // ?aoa?ao a IOE,
?acaeae “A”, aui. 1, 1979 e ?E-V???-2-96.

11. Oa?iiieanoe/iua yeaiaiou ec anoaeueoiaaoiia aeey ooiaeaiaioia
caeaiee, nii?oaeaiee, aicaiaeeiuo a neiaeiuo ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo
oneiaeyo / A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A. Iaeeaiei, I.A. AEeaiaea?ia, O.E.
Iaa?iaee; Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1979. — 28 n. —
?on.- Aeai. a AIEEEN Ainno?iy

NNN? 06.06.80, ? 1760 // ?aoa?ao a Aeaeeia?ao. oeacaoaea aeai.
?oeiienae, aui. 3, 1980.

12. Oaoiieiaey ecaioiaeaiey oa?iiieanoe/iuo aeieia ec anoaeueoiaaoiia
aeey ooiaeaiaioia caeaiee, no?iyueony a neiaeiuo ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo
oneiaeyo / A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A. Iaeeaiei, I.A, AEeaiaea?ia, O.E.
Iaa?iaee; Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1979. — 21 n. —
?on.- Aeai. a AIEEEN Ainno?iy NNN?. 06.06.80, ? 1769 // ?aoa?ao a
Aeaeeia?ao. oeacaoaea aeai. ?oeiienae, aui. 3, 1980.

13. AEeaiaea?ia I.A., Iaeeaiei A.A., Iao?aeia A.A. Yeaeo?i?acia?aa
aeieia ec anoaeueoa, eniieuecoaiuo aeey au?aaieaaiey caeaiee /
Iaeaaaneee eiae.-no?ieo. ei-o. — Iaeaaaea, 1980. — 32 n. — ?on.- Aeai. a
AIEEEN Ainno?iy NNN? 03.10.80, ? 1997 // ?aoa?ao a Aeaeeia?ao. oeacaoaea
aeai. ?oeiienae, aui. 5, 1980.

14. Iaa?iaee O.E., AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Iiuo no?ieoaeuenoaa aeeeuo aeiiia ia
eaioi/iuo ooiaeaiaioao n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia
/ Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1981. — 12 n. — ?on. -Aeai.
a AIEEEN Ainno?iy NNN? 1982, ? 3151 // ?aoa?ao a ?aoa?ao. ae., na?ey 5,
aui. 7, 1982.

15. AEeaiaea?ia I.A., Iaeeaiei A.A. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
e?aoeia?aiaiiie e aeeeoaeueiie i?i/iinoe ooiaeaiaioiuo eiino?oeoeee n
oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia / Aeiiaoeeee
I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1981. — 35 n. — ?on. — Aeai. a AIEEEN
Ainno?iy NNN? 1983, ? 3152 // ?aoa?ao a ?aoa?ao. ae., na?ey 8, aui. 7,
1982.

16. AEeaiaea?ia I.A., Ianee I.A. Iiaua ?aoaiey caeaiee a neiaeiuo
ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo iiae?aaaouaaaiuo oa??eoi?ee / Iaeaaaneee
eiae.-no?ieo. ei-o. — Iaeaaaea, 1982. — 13 n. — ?on. — Aeai. a AIEEEN
Ainno?iy NNN? 1983, ? 4024 // ?aoa?ao a ?aoa?ao. ae., na?ey 29.53 29.
61, aui. 8, 1983.

17. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. ?aaioa ooiaeaiaioiuo eiino?oeoeee aanea?eaniuo
caeaiee n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie, aicaiaeeiuo a neiaeiuo
ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo // Iaoiaeu ?an/aoa e eiino?oeoeaiua ?aoaiey
i?ii. nii?oaeaiee, no?iyueony e yenieoaoe?oaiuo ia iiae?aaaouaaaiuo
oa??eoi?eyo / Aeiiaoeeee I?iino?ieIEEi?iaeo. — Aeiiaoee, 1985. — N.
128-158. -?on. — Aeai. a AIEEEN Ainno?iy NNN? 03.09.85, ? 6127 //
?aoa?ao a Aeaeeia?ao. oeacaoaea aeai. ?oeiienae, aui. 1, 1986.

18. Eaioi/iua ooiaeaiaiou n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie aeey caueou
caeaiee a neiaeiuo ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo oneiaeyo / A.A. Iao?aeia, A.A.
Iaeeaiei, O.E. Iaa?iaee, I.A. AEeaiaea?ia // Oac. aeiee. eiio.
eiae.-oaoi. ecuneaiey e i?iaeo. ooiaeaiaioia a Aeiiaanna, 15 ieo. 1981
a. — Aeiiaoee, 1981. — N. 112-115.

19. Iao?aeia A.A., Iaeeaiei A.A., AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Enneaaeiaaiea ?aaiou
eaioi/iuo ooiaeaiaioia n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia,
i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey au?aaieaaiey caeaiee // Yiooceaci e oai?/anoai
iieiaeuo — no?ieeai X?? iyoeeaoee: Oac. aeiee. iae. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.
iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia, 22-23 ai?. 1987 a. — Aeiiaoee, 1987. —
N. 28-32.

20. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Iaoiaeu au?aaieaaiey iieiaeaiey caeaiee,
nii?oaeaiee // Oac. aeiee. XV? iae. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. eiae.-oaoi.
ecuneaiey e i?iaeo. ooiaeaiaioia a Aeiiaanna, 15 aeae. 1988 a. —
Aeiiaoee, 1988. — N. 43-45.

21. AEeaiaea?ia I.A., Iaethoa A.E. Enneaaeiaaiey iaa?aaaoaeae,
eniieuecoaiuo aeey au?aaieaaiey iieiaeaiey caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee i?e
ia?aaiiia?iuo inaaeaieyo iniiaaiey // Oac. aeiee. ia XV?? iae.
iao/.-oaoi. eiio. eiae.-oaoi. ecuneaiey e i?iaeoe?iaaiea ooiaeaiaioia a
Aeiiaanna, 15 aeae. 1989 a. — Aeiiaoee, 1989. — N. 86-88.

22. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. ?aaioa ooiaeaiaioia aanea?eaniuo caeaiee n
caueoiuie oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie // Oac. aeiee. ?? iao/.-oaoi.
eiio. aocia Oe?aeiu, 1 ethiy 1994 a. — Aeiiaoee, 1994. — N. 49-50.

23. AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Niiniau eni?aaeaiey iieiaeaiey caeaiee, nii?oaeaiee
// Oac. aeiee. ia ?V iao/.-oaoi. eiio. aocia Oe?aeiu 14-15 iay 1996 a. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996. — N. 61.

AIIOAOe?ss

AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Eiino?oeoe?? c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie aeey
ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.01 — aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? ?
nii?oaee. — Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, Iae??aea, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ae??aithaaiiy aacea?eanieo aoae?aaeue
o neeaaeieo a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiiaao. O ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe??
c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c anoaeueoiaaoiio aeey ae??aithaaiiy
aeeoeiaeo aoae?aaeue aenioith aei aeaa’yoe iiaa?o?a. Ii?aoeueiaaii
?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo o?eaaei? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?? c
anoaeueoiaaoiiieie aeaiaioaie, ui aacothoueny ia /enaeueiiio
?ioaa?oaaii? ??aiyiue a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae ca’ycii-neieiai na?aaeiaeua.
Aeeiiaii eiiieaen aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ei?ioei/anii? ?
o?eaaei? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?e ?c oa?iiieanoe/ieie aeaiaioaie c
anoaeueoo. Aeine?aeaeaii caeiiii??iino? oa?iiieanoe/iiai in?aeaiiy
eiino?oeoe?e c anoaeueoiaaoiiieie aeaiaioaie i?ae /an iaeiia?/iiai
iaa??ao ?o ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaa??aa/?a. Aeeiiaii ia?aa??eo
i?aoeacaeaoiino? i?iiiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?e c anoaeueoiaaoiiieie
aeaiaioaie a oiiaao iaoo?ieo aenia?eiaio?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiino?oeoe?? aeey ae??aithaaiiy aoae?aaeue,
anoaeueoiaaoiii? aeaiaioe, aeaeo?iiaa??aa/?, i?ae?iaethaai? oa?eoi???.

AIIIOAOeEss

AEeaiaea?ia I.A. Eiino?oeoeee n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie aeey
au?aaieaaiey caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.01 — no?ieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee, caeaiey e
nii?oaeaiey. — Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey no?ieoaeuenoaa e
a?oeoaeoo?u, Iaeaaaea, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee eiino?oeoeee n
oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia, iicaieythueo
inouanoaeyoue au?aaieaaiea aanea?eaniuo caeaiee ia iiae?aaaouaaaiuo
oa??eoi?eyo n onooiiia?aciuie inaaeaieyie caiiie iiaa?oiinoe.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec e nenoaiaoece?iaaiu eiino?oeoeee aeey au?aaieaaiey
caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee. ?ac?aaioaiu eiino?oeoeee n oa?iiieanoe/iuie
yeaiaioaie ec anoaeueoiaaoiia aeey au?aaieaaiey aeeeuo caeaiee aunioie
aei aeaayoe yoaaeae. Noi?ioee?iaaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu i?iaeoe?iaaiey
eiino?oeoeee n oa?iiieanoe/iuie yeaiaioaie, iaania/eaathuea eo
aeeeoaeueioth i?i/iinoue a noaaeee ii?iaeueiie yenieoaoaoeee iauaeoia e
i?ioaeaiea n caaeaiiie nei?inoueth oa?iiieanoe/iie inaaeee a noaaeee
au?aaieaaiey.

?ac?aaioaiu eiaeaia?iua iaoiaeu ?an/aoa aeeeoaeueiie i?i/iinoe
eiino?oeoeee n anoaeueoiaaoiiiuie yeaiaioaie, iniiaaiiua ia /eneaiiii
eioaa?e?iaaiee o?aaiaiee i?aaeaeueiiai ?aaiiaaney naycii-nuio/ae n?aaeu,
i?aaeeiaeaiiuo A.A. Nieieianeei e oniaa?oainoaiaaiiuo a iai?aaeaiee
o/aoa iaeeiaeiie aeeaa?aiiu i?i/iinoe naycii-nuio/aai iaoa?eaea.
Auiieiaiu /eneaiiua enneaaeiaaiey e onoaiiaeaia ooieoeeiiaeueiay
caaeneiinoue ianouae niiniaiinoe eiino?oeoeee n anoaeueoiaaoiiiui
yeaiaioii io niioiioaiey noi?ii aai iiia?a/iiai na/aiey. Ia iniiaa
oai?ee ayceiai oa/aiey Iuethoiia ?ac?aaioaia eiaeaia?iay iaoiaeeea aeey
?an/aoa nei?inoe oa?iiieanoe/iie inaaeee anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai yeaiaioa i?e
aai iaa?aaa aei oaiia?aoo?u ieaaeaiey aeooia.

I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee
e?aoeia?aiaiiie e aeeeoaeueiie i?i/iinoe eiino?oeoeee n oa?iiyeaiaioaie.
Auyaeaiu o?e iniiaiuo oaeoi?a, aeeythueo ia i?i/iinoue eiino?oeoeee, e
eioi?ui ioiinyony: ayceinoue aeooia; i?ioeaioiia niaea?aeaiea aeooia a
anoaeueoiaaoiia; niioiioaiea noi?ii iiia?a/iiai na/aiey
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai yeaiaioa. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaiia?aoo?a ii aunioa
anoaeueoiaaoiiiiai yeaiaioa ?ani?aaeaeyaony ii caeiio, aeeceiio e
eeiaeiiio. Iniiaiui oneiaeai i?ioaeaiey oa?iiieanoe/aneie inaaeee n
iinoiyiiie nei?inoueth yaeyaony iiaeaea?aeaiea ia eiioaeoa
yeaeo?iiaa?aaaoaey n anoaeueoiaaoiiiui yeaiaioii oaiia?aoo?u ieaaeaiey
aeooia.

Aeey ecaioiaeaiey anoaeueoiaaoiiiuo yeaiaioia i?aaeeiaeaia e ?aaeeciaaia
noaiaeiaay oaoiieiaey aea?ioieioiaiey a aeanoeeo oi?iao, /oi iaania/eei
ioiineoaeueioth ieioiinoue anoaeueoiaaoiia 0,96-0,98.

Auiieiaia i?iaa?ea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe i?aaeeiaeaiiuo eiino?oeoeee n
anoaeueoiaaoiiiuie yeaiaioaie a oneiaeyo iaoo?iuo yenia?eiaioia. Aue
ono?aiai e?ai ionaea aeeeiai aeaayoeyoaaeiiai aeiia n iioneaieai aai
iaiaa i?inaaoae /anoe ia aaee/eio 130 ii. I?ioeann au?aaieaaiey caeaiey
inouanoaeyeny a oa/aiea 10 /ania ni n?aaeiae nei?inoueth
oa?iiieanoe/aneie inaaeee 13 ii//an.

?ac?aaioaiiua eiino?oeoeee auee eniieueciaaiu i?e no?ieoaeuenoaa 23
naeoeee aeeeuo aeiiia ia iiae?aaaouaaaiuo oa??eoi?eyo n oaeoiie/aneeie
ia?ooaieyie a a. Aeiiaoeea. Aeeeoaeueiua iaoo?iua iaaethaeaiey ca
oeacaiiuie caeaieyie iiaeoaa?aeeee ?an/aoiua ia?aiao?u i?eiaiaiiuo
eiino?oeoeee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiino?oeoeee aeey au?aaieaaiey caeaiee,
anoaeueoiaaoiiiua yeaiaiou, yeaeo?iiaa?aaaoaee, iiae?aaaouaaaiua
oa??eoi?ee.

ABSTRACT

Zh?vodyorov N.A. Constructions with thermoplastic elements for leveling
bu?ld?ngs and structures. — Manuscript.

Thesis for C. Sc. (Tech.) degree by spec?al?ty 05.23.01 — bu?ld?ngs and
structures. — Donbas State Academy of Construction and Architecture,
Makeevka, 1999.

The thesis ?s devoted to matters concerned leveling frame-free bu?ld?ngs
?n complex m?n?ng and geological cond?t?ons. Constructions with
thermoplastic elements of asphalt concrete have been developed for
leveling tall res?dent?al bu?ld?ngs up to nine stories ?n height.
Eng?neer?ng procedures were developed to calculate long-term strength of
constructions with asphalt concrete elements. These procedures are based
on numerical ?ntegrat?on of maximum loose-binder medium equ?l?br?um
equat?ons. A number of experimental studies of short-term and long-term
strength of construction with asphalt thermoplastic elements has been
carried out. Behavior of thermoplastic subsidence of constructions with
asphalt concrete elements when being heated unilaterally with electric
heaters has been ?nvest?gated. Serv?ce-ab?l?ty of proposed constructions
with asphalt concrete elements was tested ?n on-site experimental
cond?t?ons.

Key words: constructions for leveling bu?ld?ngs, asphalt concrete
elements, electric heaters, areas being undermined.

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