Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Oaaei?aiei Aeaaeeneaa Eaii?aeiae/

OAeE 342.8

Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae anaoe?a?inueeiai

?aoa?aiaeoio: i?iaeaie oai??? oa i?aeoeee

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.02 — eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie oa ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiii?aaiaeo aeenoeeie?i Aeaaeai?? Neoaeae
aaciaee Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Iiai??eei A?eoi? Oaaei?iae/ —

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa

i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy

?inoeoooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

O?eoeueeee Ieaa Oaaei?iae/ —

i?ioani?
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??

aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a).

eaiaeeaeao
th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?i??iei
Ieeiea ?aaiiae/ —

noaeaey
Eiinoeoooe?eiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia
aeaaeai?y ?iai?

ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai (i.Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_7_» o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i _10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.001.04. ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a th?eaee/ieo iaoe
i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a,
aoe. Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
oi?aa?neoaoo (i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 64).

Aaoi?aoa?a?ao ?ic?neaiee «_17__» aa?aciy___________ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe
N.A.Aia?iaiee

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ? nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino? oaie. Noaiiaeaiiy
a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa a Oe?a?i? oa ?icaoaeiaa i?aaiai? aea?aeaae
ia?aaeaa/athoue ia?aoai?aiiy Oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo c ia’?eoa
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ia aieiaiiai noa’?eoa aeaaee, ui iaoiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy an?o oi?i ia?iaeiaeaaeaey ?,
ianaiia?aae, oeo oi?i, ye? ia?aaeaa/ai? iiaith Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie.
I?e oeueiio i??i?eoaoieie aeaeathoueny o? ?inoeoooe aeaiie?ao??, ui
aeicaieythoue Oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeo aaciina?aaeiuei ae??ooaaoe
iaeaaaeeea?o? i?iaeaie noni?eueiiai oa aea?aeaaiiai aeeooy. Iaei??th c
oaeeo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe?? ia?iaeiiai noaa?ai?oaoo ?
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ? ii??aiyii iiaei ?inoeoooii
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??. Aei 1991?. ?aoa?aiaeoie ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie
ia i?aeoeeoaaeeny, oi/a iiaeeea?noue ?o i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aeany
Eiinoeoooe?yie O?N? 1937 ? 1978??.

O a?eueoino? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i ?noi??y ?aoa?aiaeoio ia?aoiao? noie?ooy.
C’yaeaoenue a 1449?. o oaaeoea?nueeiio eaioii? Aa?i, ?aoa?aiaeoie
nii/aoeo ia i?noeaaiio, a iaaeae? ? ia caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?
ii/aee cai?iaaaeaeoaaoeny ? a ?ioeo e?a?iao. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai
?inoeoooo aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? aaeaeiny ae??oeoe aaaaoi i?iaeai
noni?eueiiai oa aea?aeaaiiai aeeooy, oi/a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a ?aoa?aiaeoie
noaaaee aeaiie?aoe/iei ?ino?oiaioii aeey eaaae?caoe?? aioeia?iaeieo
??oaiue, ye oea aoei o iaoeenonuee?e I?ia//ei? a 1933,1934 oa 1938 ??.

Iii?e aeaaith ?noi??th ?aoa?aiaeoi?a, ia?o? nenoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo iniia oeueiai i?aaiaiai yaeua c’yaeythoueny eeoa o ieioeiio
noie?oo?. I?ci?oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaai? ?aoa?aiaeoie noathoue i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo. Aeciath/e caeiaooee
?aaeyinueeeo a/aieo, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaee ?aoa?aiaeoie, ne?ae cacia/eoe,
ui ?o i?aoe? caeaa?eueoiai iaiaaeoaaeeny ni?iaaie oeoia/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo ii?i ?aaeyinueeeo eiinoeoooe?e /e aiae?cii aeina?aeo
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoa?aiaeoi?a o ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao. Aeaui noieanoe/iee
oa?aeoa? cacia/aieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoa iaoiiaeaiee a?aenooi?noth
aeina?aeo i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoa?aiaeoi?a a eieeoiueiio N?N?.

Ia?oee anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, yeee a?aeaoany 1-ai a?oaeiy 1991?.,
i?aeoaa?aeea /eii?noue ? iaaeaa aeui? th?eaee/ii? neee o?i/enoi
i?eeiyoiio Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?inueei? ?N? Aeoo i?iaieioaiiy
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie, aeia?a ?aaeueio ni?iiiaei?noue Oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo naiino?eii ae??ooaaoe iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ieoaiiy noni?eueiiai ?
aea?aeaaiiai aeeooy ?, ii noo?, noaa oi?iith iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy Oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. ??oaiiy ia?oiai
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ni?eyei aeciaiith Oe?a?ie ia na?oia?e
a?ai? ye noaa?aiii? ? iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia iiceoeaiee aeina?ae anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio 1-ai
a?oaeiy 1991?., oeae ?inoeooo aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? noaa ?aciaith
?noi?e/iith iiae??th. Ni?iae ?i?oe?thaaoe anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi o
1992, 1993, 1996 oa 1998??. aeyaeeeny ia?ieie.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei, ui iaoiiaeee oaeo neooaoe?th, ? a?aenooi?noue
oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye iaei??? c
i??i?eoaoieo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??. ?ioa i?e/eia —
iaaeineiiae?noue caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi. Caeii
Oe?a?ie ,,I?i anaoe?a?inueeee oa i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” 1991?., yeee
naiai /ano a?ae?a?aa aaaeeeao ?ieue o noaiiaeaii? ?aoa?aiaeoi?a a
Oe?a?i?, iei? canoa??a ? ia a?aeiia?aea? iieiaeaiiyi /eiii?
Eiinoeoooe??. Aei oiai ae, aeina?ae i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio 1-ai a?oaeiy 1991?. oa ?i?oe?thaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeeo
?aoa?aiaeoi?a o 1992, 1993, 1996 oa 1998??. ia aoa ocaaaeueiaiei oa ia
caciaa iaeaaeiiai iaoeiaiai aiae?co. Noeoii?noue cacia/aieo /eiiee?a e
coiiaeea aea?? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ioaea, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio iia’ycaia, ii-ia?oa, c iaiao?aei?noth
noai?aiiy oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye iaei???
c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? a Oe?a?i?;
ii-ae?oaa, c iio?aaith aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi c iaoith i?eaaaeaiiy eiai o a?aeiia?aei?noue
aei iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie 1996 ?.; ii-o?ao?, c aaaeeea?noth
ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo i?eaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio c oei,
uia aeyaeoe ye iiceoeai?, oae ? iaaaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oeueiai
?inoeoooo a Oe?a?i?.

I?iaeaie oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? ca ?aaeyinueei? aeiae
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a ?iaioao A.A.Aa?aaaoiaa, A.I.Aacoaeiaa, I.A.A?o?oea,
E.Ae.Ai?aiae?ia, A.A.Aei?ia?ia, Ae.E.Ceaoiiieuenueeiai, A.O.Eaaeoaaa,
A.?.E?ia, A.O.Eioiea, N.N.E?aa/oea, A.N.Eoae?iiaa, E.Ae.E?a?ia,
I.I.Eo/?ia, A.A.Iaeeaeiaa, I.I.Ia?/aiea, A.I.I?oeia, ?.A.Naoa?iaa,
TH.?.Neo?aoiaa, A.I.Noai?iaa, TH.A.Noaei?oeeia, ?.I.O?aei?ia,
N.A.O?i?oeueeiai, ?.?.Oa?aa?a, I.A.Oao??a oa ?yaeo ?ioeo a/aieo.

A Oe?a?i? nenoaia oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, a oiio /ene? e
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, aeine?aeaeoaaeeny ?.I.Aooeii, O.A.Ao?/aeii,
A.I.Aieyinueeith, I.?.Eictha?ith, A.A.Eii?e/eeiaei, I.?.Ei?i??ieii,
E.O.E?eaaiei, I.O.Ia?oeiaieii, A.O.Iaeauaieii, I.I.Ie?iiaieii,
A.I.Io?aoeiei, I.A.Io?aoeiei, A.O.Iiai??eeii, I.I.?aa?iiae/ai,
N.A.?yaiaei, A.I.Nae?aaiiaei, A.I.Oa?aiiaei, A.ss.Oaoe??i,
A.I.Oiaeeeith, ?.A.Oeoiiiaith, I.A.Oea?eii, A.I.Oaiiaaeii,
TH.N.Oaioo/aieii, E.I.THcueeiaei oa ?ioeie a/aieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia oaiaoeee aeine?aeaeaiue
a?aeae?eo eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie oa eaoaae?e
caaaeueiii?aaiaeo aeenoeeie?i Aeaaeai?? Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie c oai
,,Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? a
Oe?a?i?” oa ,,Oai?aoe/i? i?iaeaie ?aae?caoe?? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? o aeine?aeaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo iniia ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa
o ?ic?iaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Aecia/aia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeea iinoaiiaeo ? ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo
caaea/: 1)aeyaeoe ia?aaeoiiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio a iaoe?iiaeueio i?aeoeeo oa aecia/eoe ?ieue ? i?noea
?inoeoooo ?aoa?aiaeoio a nenoai? oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??;
2)?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy ,,anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi” oa aecia/eoe
e?eoa??? ?iciaaeoaaiiy aeae?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio;
3)i?iaiae?coaaoe caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi
oa aianoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei eiai aaeineiiaeaiiy; 4)i?iaiae?coaaoe
no?oeoo?o anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye naiino?eiiai aeaeo
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei oa aeaoe th?eaee/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo ??
iniiaieo aeaiaio?a; 5)?ice?eoe ci?no iniiaieo noaae?e i?ioeaaeo?e
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? eiaeii? c oeeo
noaae?e; 6)?ic?iaeoe eiioeaioe?th aa?aio?e anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aaia? a?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean?
aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe?? ia?iaeiiai noaa?ai?oaoo.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeia c oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? –
?aoa?aiaeoie, cie?aia, anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Iaoiaee/i? oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeena?oaoe??. A iniiao
iaoiaeieia?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeaii caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? i?eioeeie oa
i?aeoiaee uiaei aecia/aiiy ci?noo aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe??
ia?iaeiiai noaa?ai?oaoo oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio. C oe??th iaoith aeena?oaioii aeei?enoiao?oueny ?yae
caaaeueiio?einionueeeo (ae?aeaeoeea, ia’?eoeai?noue, ?noi?eci),
caaaeueiiiaoeiaeo (nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee,
ii??aiyeueii-?ao?iniaeoeaiee, oi?iaeueii-aeiaiaoe/iee iaoiaee, a oaeiae
iaoiae aaaaoioaeoi?iino?, iiaeaethaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy) oa
niaoe?aeueieo (ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, iie?oieia?/iiai aiae?co,
noaoenoe/iee oiui) iaoiae?a.

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iith aacith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee
iaoeia? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo uiaei i?aaiai? i?e?iaee
?aoa?aiaeoi?a. I?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeena?oaoe?? oaeiae a?aoiaaii
caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?aoeue c eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa, oai???
aea?aeaae oa i?aaa, ?noi??? aea?aeaae oa i?aaa, ?noi??? i?aaiaeo a/aiue,
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa, oeea?eueiiai i?aaa oa
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa.

Aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie 1996
?ieo, Caeii Oe?a?ie ,,I?i anaoe?a?inueeee oa i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” 1991
?ieo c a?aeiia?aeieie aeiiiaiaiiyie, ?io? caeiie Oe?a?ie,
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? aeiaiai?e, caiaea oa iaia’yceia?noue yeeo iaaeaia
Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie, ?yae i?aecaeiiieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a,
a oaeiae caeiiiaeaanoaa ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i i?i ?aoa?aiaeoie.

A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaii iaoa??aee a?o?aiiai oiiaeo
Oeaio?aeueii? eii?n?? c anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio (A?o?a Aa?oiaii?
?aaee Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? ia?oei a
Oe?a?i? iiiia?ao?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, yea i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iei oa
i?aeoe/iei i?iaeaiai eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo iniia anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio.

Aeena?oaioii noi?ioeueiaaia eiioeaioe?y anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye
iaei??? c i??i?eoaoieo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??; aianaii
i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi oa cai?iiiiiaaii ?yae
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iioei?caoe?? i?ioeaaeo?e
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? ao?eaiiy a ianooiieo aeniiaeao
oa iieiaeaiiyo:

— aeniiaie i?i aaaaoioaeoi?iee oa?aeoa? ia?aaeoiia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a iaoe?iiaeueia i?aai;

— aaoi?nueea aecia/aiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye ?inoeoooo
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, ci?no yeiai iieyaa? a i?eeiyoo?
a?iiaaeyiaie Oe?a?ie iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, caeii?a Oe?a?ie oa
?ioeo iaeaaaeeea?oeo ??oaiue caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy oeyoii
aieinoaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iathoue ?iia?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, oa
aeniiaie i?i ??ciiiai?oi?noue aeae?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio;

— aeniiaie i?i eiiieaeniee ? nenoaiiee oa?aeoa? caeiiiaeaa/iai
?aaoethaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa iieiaeaiiy ? i?iiiceoe??
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi oeyoii i?aeaioiaee i?iaeoo iiaiai naiino?eiiai caeiio i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, a a ia?niaeoea? — ? Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie i?i
aeai?e oa ?aoa?aiaeoie a Oe?a?i?, yeee ae nenoaiii a?aaoethaaa
i?ioeaaeo?o anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio;

— aeniiaie uiaei eiea noa’?eo?a ia eiaei?e noaae?? anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio (noa’?eoe ?i?oe?thaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio,
noa’?eoe i?ecia/aiiy (i?iaieioaiiy) anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio,
noa’?eoe i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio,
noa’?eoe aieinoaaiiy ia anaoe?a?inueeiio ?aoa?aiaeoi?);

— eeaneo?eaoe?y i?aaeiao?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa ?o aiae?c, a
oaeiae i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?icoe?aiiy eiea i?aaeiao?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio;

— iieiaeaiiy i?i iiae?e noaae?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ia
i?aeaioia/o, iniiaio oa caaa?oaeueio, ?o oa?aeoa?enoeea oa i?iiiceoe??
uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio;

— aaoi?nueea eiioeaioe?y aa?aio?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa
iieiaeaiiy ? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy oeeo aa?aio?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie a i?ioean? iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai ?aae?caoe?? Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie.

?yae iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue oaeiae aooe aeei?enoaieie i?e
?ic?iaeaii? i?iaeoo iiaiai caeiio i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi oa, a
ia?niaeoea?, Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie i?i aeai?e oa ?aoa?aiaeoie a Oe?a?i? c
iaoith aeaoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaa/iai a?aeoai?aiiy ii?iaoeaieo iieiaeaiue
Iniiaiiai Caeiio.

Aiae?c caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo iniia i?ioeaaeo?e anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ? iaoeiaa ioe?iea a?o?aieo iaoa??ae?a
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, ao?eai? a i?iiiceoe?yo oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo
aeena?oaioa, iathoue ni?eyoe aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo
iniia anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa caiia?aaiith i?aaiii?ooaiue
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe oaeiae aeei?enoaieie a ina?oi?e,
aeoiai?e oa i?aaicanoinia/?e ae?yeueiino?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee ?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? i?noyoueny o aeena?oaoe??, iaiaeii?aciai ?icaeyaeaeeny
ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie oa ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiii?aaiaeo aeenoeeie?i Aeaaeai?? Neoaeae
aaciaee Oe?a?ie. Aeniiaee, yeeo ae?eoia aeena?oaio, ao?eai? a 5 noaooyo,
ye? iioae?eiaai? a th?eaee/ieo /aniienao.

Ie??i oeueiai, ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? a
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/i?e ?iaio? aeena?oaioa a Aeaaeai?? Neoaeae aaciaee
Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? a naaa anooi, o?e ?icae?ee, nienie aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoie. Ia?oee ?icae?e iiae?eaii ia /ioe?e, ae?oaee — ia
aeaa ? o?ao?e — ia aeaa i?ae?icae?ee a?aeiia?aeii.

Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 195 noi??iie, e?euee?noue aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae — 314.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? i?noeoueny iaa?oiooaaiiy aeooaeueiino? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/a?oueny noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaeaiino? oaie, ca’ycie ?iaioe c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiiaeie oaiaie, iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ia’?eo oa i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoeiai–oai?aoe/i?
iniiae aeena?oaoe??. Aecia/a?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy, aei yeeo
ae?eoia aeena?oaio a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaa?oioiao?oueny i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa aeeeaaeathoueny aeai? uiaei
ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e — «Anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi o nenoai? aaciina?aaeiuei?
aeaiie?ao??» — i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ia?aaeoiia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a iaoe?iiaeueio nenoaio i?aaa, i?iaeai?
aecia/aiiy oa?i?io ,,anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi”, i?iaeai? ?ie? ?
i?noey anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a iaoe?iiaeuei?e nenoai? oi?i
aaciina?aaeiueiai ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, a oaeiae aiae?co caeiiiaeaa/iai
?aaoethaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ? ae?iaeaiith eiie?aoieo
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

A ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? eaeaoueny i?i ia?aaeoiiae, ye? ni?eyee ?aoeaioe??
?aoa?aiaeoi?a o iaoe?iiaeueia i?aai.

Aei 1991?. ?aoa?aiaeoie a Oe?a?i? ia i?iaiaeeeeny i? ia
?anioae?eainueeiio, i? ia i?noeaaiio ??aiyo, oi/a oey oi?ia
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? oi?iaeueii cae??iethaaeany a eiinoeoooe?yo
O?N? 1937 ? 1978??. Oaea neooaoe?y iaoiiaethaaeany eiiieaenii
ia’?eoeaieo /eiiee?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.

Aeena?oaio iaaieioo?, ui ia?oei ? ia nueiaiaei? ?aeeiei anaoe?a?inueeei
?aoa?aiaeoiii noaa anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi 1-ai a?oaeiy 1991?., yeee
i?aeoaa?aeea /eii?noue ? iaaeaa aeui? th?eaee/ii? neee o?i/enoi
i?eeiyoiio Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?inueei? ?N? Aeoo i?iaieioaiiy
iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie. Anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi 1-ai a?oaeiy 1991?.
ii noo? noaa oi?iith iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy Oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo.

Aiae?coth/e ia?aaeoiiae, ye? ni?eyee ?aoeaioe?? ?inoeoooo
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a iaoe?iiaeueio i?aeoeeo, aaoi?
ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui na?aae eiiieaeno /eiiee?a iie?oe/iiai,
aeiiii?/iiai, noni?eueiiai oa aeooiaiiai oa?aeoa?o iaea?eueoee aieea ia
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio iaee a?o/eciyi?
oa ca?oa?aei? iie?oeei-i?aaia? aeieo?eie ia?iaeiiai noaa?ai?oaoo,
aeeaie? ?noi?e/i? o?aaeeoe?? ia?iaeiaeaaeaey ia oa?ai? Oe?a?ie oa
iiceoeaiee aeina?ae i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoa?aiaeoi?a ?, ianaiia?aae, uiaei
caoaa?aeaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai noaa?ai?oaoo.

Aeciath/e i?ia?aneaia cia/aiiy ?aoa?aiaeoi?a, aeena?oaio canoa??aa? a?ae
?aeaae?caoe?? ?inoeoooo ?aoa?aiaeoio, ine?eueee a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao
?aoa?aiaeoie noathoue aeaiie?aoe/iei cia?yaeaeyi eaaae?caoe??
aioeia?iaeieo ??oaiue (?aoa?aiaeoie 1933, 1934 ? 1938 ??. o
iaoeenonuee?e I?ia//ei?).

A ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? iiaa eaea i?i iiiyooy e iniiai? ?ene
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa eiai aeae?a.

Aiae?c Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie 1996?. oa Caeiio Oe?a?ie ,,I?i
anaoe?a?inueeee oa i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” 1991?. aea? i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i a?aenooi?noue caeiiiaeaa/iai aecia/aiiy oa?i?io
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi. I?e aecia/aii? oeueiai oa?i?io aaoi?
i?iiiio? a?aooaaoe ianooii? iniaeea? ?ene, ui ?ice?eaathoue ye ci?no
oe??? oi?ie aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, oae ? ?? eaae?o?eoth/?
oi?iaeueii-th?eaee/i? iciaee: ii-ia?oa, anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ?
iaei??th c i??i?eoaoieo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??; ii-ae?oaa,
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ? naiino?eiei ?inoeoooii eiinoeoooe?eiiai
i?aaa Oe?a?ie; ii-o?ao? ci?no anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
aecia/a?oueny i?eeiyooyi iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, caeii?a
Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo ??oaiue caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
cia/aiiy; ii-/aoaa?oa, o/anieeaie anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ?
a?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie, iaae?eai? i?aaii aieino; ii-i’yoa, anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi i?iaiaeeoueny o oi?i? aieinoaaiiy (oiae ioioiaeiaiiy eiai c
iieooaaiiyi ? iaaeioe?eueiei); ii-oinoa, ??oaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio iathoue ?iia?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?.

Aeoiaey/e c iaaaaeaieo iieiaeaiue, aeena?oaio aecia/a? anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi ye iaeio c i??i?eoaoieo oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??,
ci?no yei? aecia/a?oueny i?eeiyooyi a?iiaaeyiaie Oe?a?ie iieiaeaiue
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, caeii?a Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo iaeaaaeeea?oeo ??oaiue
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy oeyoii aieinoaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai
iathoue ?iia?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Aea aecia/aiiy oa?i?io ,,anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi” aoei a iaiiaiei aac aeine?aeaeaiiy aeae?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio.

Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c oacith i?i ??ciiiai?oi?noue aeae?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, yea aeneiaethaaeany ?yaeii a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo (I.A?nea?aoo? ae? ?ooo?a, TH.A.Aeieo???a, ?.Cae?inuee?,
A.A.Eiia?iaa, I.Iaooaeae oa ?io?), aaoi? aiae?co? caeiiiaeaanoai i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui, a?aeiia?aeii aei
e?eoa???a th?eaee/ii? neee ??oaiue, iaia’yceiaino? i?iaaaeaiiy,
i?aaeiaoo, /ano i?iaaaeaiiy oa noa’?eo?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy, anaoe?a?inuee?
?aoa?aiaeoie iiae?eythoueny ia eiinoeueoaoeai? oa ?iia?aoeai?
anaoe?a?inuee? ?aoa?aiaeoie; iaia’yceia? oa oaeoeueoaoeai?
anaoe?a?inuee? ?aoa?aiaeoie; eiinoeoooe?ei?, caeiiiaeaa/?, c ieoaiue
ci?ie oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaia? oa c ieoaiue aeia??’y
(iaaeia??’y) aei Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie
(?inoeoooe?ei?) anaoe?a?inuee? ?aoa?aiaeoie.

Eiaeiiio c aecia/aieo aeae?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio aeanoea?
iniaeeaee ci?no, oi?iaeueii-th?eaee/i? iciaee oa i?ioeanoaeueia
i?iaaaeaeaiiy.

A o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/a?oueny ?ieue ? i?noea anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio a nenoai? oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??.

No.69 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie aecia/a? aeai?e e ?aoa?aiaeoie aieiaieie
oi?iaie aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, aea ia aea? ae/a?iiiai ia?ae?eo
?ioeo oi?i i?yiiai ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, ao?i ? ia aeeeth/a? iiaeeeaino? ?o
?inoeooae?caoe??.

Aeena?oaio caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, ui nenoaia oi?i aaciina?aaeiuei?
aeaiie?ao?? iiaea aooe noi?iiaaiith ye ca ?aooiie iiaea?i?ciaaieo oi?i
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, ui i?aeoeeoaaeeny a Oe?a?i? ca
?aaeyinueei? aeiae, oae ? oeyoii caiice/aiiy oeo ?inoeooo?a
ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, ye? aeciai? a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao, aea i?eiee ia
i?aeoeeoaaeeny a Oe?a?i?.

I?e oeueiio aaoi? iaaieioo?, ui oi?iaie aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??
iiaeooue aeciaaaoeny ia an? i?iyae ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, a eeoa o? c ieo, ui
ia?aaeaa/athoue: i?yia aieaaeyaeaiiy a?iiaaeyi, yea ia
iiina?aaeeiao?oueny aoaeue-yeei aea?aeaaiei i?aaiii; ?aei?noue aie? ?
noa’?eoo ?? ae?aaeaiiy; iniaeeaa eiei noa’?eo?a i?aaia?aeiinei; o/anoue
a?iiaaeyi o i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy a?ae naiai ?iai?; ?iia?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?
??oaiiy, yea oi?io?oueny a i?ioean? ia?iaeiiai aieaaeyaeaiiy.

A iaoe?iiaeueiiio i?aa? ii?yae c aeai?aie oa ?aoa?aiaeoiaie
cae??ieththoueny ?inoeoooe ia?iaeieo iaaiai?aiue, iaoeoe?e (caa?iaiue
a?iiaaeyi), cai?e, i?oeiae, iioiaee, aeaiiino?aoe?? oa iaae?th/ee ia
nueiaiaei? ?inoeooo a?aeeeeeaiiy. Na?aae oi?i i?yii? aeaiie?ao??, ye?
aaeaei i?aeoeeothoueny ca ei?aeiiii, caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao
ieaa?noeeoe, ia?iaei? caeiiiaeaa/? ?i?oe?aoeae, ia?iaei? ?icionee
i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio oiui.

Aiae?c ni?aa?aeiioaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio c cacia/aieie
?inoeoooaie aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
iii?e noiae? oi?iaeueii-th?eaee/i? iciaee, aeanoea? an?i oi?iai i?yiiai
ia?iaeiaeaaeaey, anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae cacia/aieo ?inoeooo?a ca ci?noii, i?aaeiaoii oa oa?aeoa?ii ??oaiue.

Aeoiaey/e c? ci?noo o?aoueiai i?ae?icae?eo, aaoi? ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ? iaei??th c i??i?eoaoieo oi?i
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, ine?eueee aeicaiey? Oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeo
aaciina?aaeiuei o?ainoi?ioaaoe ia?iaeio aieth a iaea?eueo aaaeeea?
aea?aeaai? ??oaiiy ?iia?aoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o.

A /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?iaeaia caeiiiaeaa/iai
?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, aiae?co?oueny
caeiiiaeaanoai i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi oa iaaiaeyoueny
iieiaeaiiy ? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/iai
?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Aeoiaey/e c aiae?co caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi,
aeena?oaio iaaieioo?, ui caeiiiaeaa/a ?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio cae?enith?oueny ia iniia? ii?i
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie 1996?., i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeiaiai??a, caiaea ia
iaia’yceia?noue yeeo iaaeaia Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie, Caeiio Oe?a?ie
,,I?i anaoe?a?inueeee oa i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” 1991?. oa ?ioeo caeii?a
Oe?a?ie.

Iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie 1996?. cae??ieththoue i?aai
Oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia aaciina?aaeith ?aae?caoe?th ia?iaeiiai
noaa?ai?oaoo oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, i?aai
a?iiaaeyieia ia o/anoue o anaoe?a?inueeiio ?aoa?aiaeoi?, a oaeiae
eiinoeooththoue i?aaeiaoe iaia’yceiaeo anaoe?a?inueeeo ?aoa?aiaeoi?a,
aecia/athoue noa’?eo?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy oa i?ecia/aiiy (i?iaieioaiiy)
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ? i?ioeaaeo?o ?i?oe?thaaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a?iiaaeyiaie Oe?a?ie.

Ii?ie i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeiaiai??a, caiaea ia iaia’yceia?noue yeeo
iaaeaia Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie, aeaeea?othoue iniiai? i?eioeeie
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? ? cae??ieththoue i?aai iaoe?? ia
naiiaecia/aiiy oa i?aai a?iiaaeyi ia o/anoue o aaciina?aaeiueiio
oi?aae?ii? aea?aeaaith, a oiio /ene? e oeyoii o/ano? o ?aoa?aiaeoi?.

Eiinoeoooe?ei? ii?ie aeaoae?cothoueny a iieiaeaiiyo caeiio i?i
?aoa?aiaeoie. Aeena?oaio iaaieioo?, ui nueiaiaei? Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i
anaoe?a?inueeee oa i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” 1991?. canoa??a ? ia
a?aeiia?aea? iniiaiei iieiaeaiiyi Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, cie?aia, uiaei
i?aaeiao?a ? noa’?eo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa eiai
i?ioeaaeo?e. A neeo i?eioeeiiaeo ?icoiaeaeaiue ii?i caeiio i?i
?aoa?aiaeoie ? ii?i Eiinoeoooe?? aeioe?eueii ?ic?iaeoe e i?eeiyoe iiaee
naiino?eiee caeii i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, yeee ae aeaoae?coaaa
eiinoeoooe?ei? iieiaeaiiy uiaei cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio .

Iieiaeaiiy uiaei eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono ie?aieo o/aniee?a
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio cae??ieth?oueny a ii?iao ?ioeo caeii?a
Oe?a?ie.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — “Anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ye aeae
eiioeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei” — i?noeoue aiae?c anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio ye naiino?eiiai aeaeo eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a oeueiai aeaeo i?aaia?aeiinei.
A?aeiia?aeii aei a/aiiy i?i i?aaia?aeiineie ?o no?oeoo?a aecia/a?oueny
oaeeie iniiaieie aeaiaioaie, ye noa’?eoe i?aaia?aeiinei, ?o noa’?eoeai?
i?aaa oa th?eaee/i? iaia’ycee ? ia’?eo (ia’?eoe) i?aaia?aeiinei.
Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c iiaeyaeaie a/aieo (N.N.Aeaen??a, ?.I.Oaeo?ia oa ?io?)
ia iiiyooy e no?oeoo?o i?aaia?aeiinei, aeena?oaio aecia/a?
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ye naiino?eiee aeae eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo
a?aeiinei, ui aeieeathoue a i?ioean? aaciina?aaeiuei? ?aae?caoe??
ia?iaeiiai noaa?ai?oaoo.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aiae?co?oueny eiei o/aniee?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, ?o noa’?eoeai? i?aaa oa th?eaee/i? iaa’ycee, ye?
aeieeathoue ia i?aenoaa? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ii?i.

Aeoiaey/e c caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo a/aiue i?i i?aaia?aeiineie, ia iniia?
aiae?co caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi aeena?oaio
aecia/a? iiiyooy “noa’?eoe anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio” ye iniaeeaa
eiei o/aniee?a eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, ye? aeieeathoue
aiane?aeie ?aae?caoe?? ieie nai?o noa’?eoeaieo i?aa oa th?eaee/ieo
iaia’yce?a ia i?aenoaa? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo ii?i caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c oi/eith ci?o, ui iniiaieie noa’?eoaie
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ? a?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie, Oe?a?inueeee ia?iae,
aea?aeaaa, oiiaiiaaaeai? aea?aeaai? i?aaie, iie?oe/i? ia?o?? oa
a?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe??, aeena?oaio noaa?aeaeo?, ui a neeo iiaoaiiiai
i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio eiei eiai noa’?eo?a oa ?o
noa’?eoeai? i?aaa ? th?eaee/i? iaia’ycee ??ciyoueny ia eiaei?e noaae??
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

A?aeiia?aeii aei cai?iiiiiaaiiai iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaio ?ic??ciy?
noa’?eo?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, noa’?eo?a
i?ecia/aiiy (i?iaieioaiiy) anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, noa’?eo?a
i?aeaioiaee (i?aai?caoe??) ? i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
oa noa’?eo?a o/ano? o aieinoaaii? ia anaoe?a?inueeiio ?aoa?aiaeoi?.

Aei noa’?eo?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio iaeaaeeoue,
ianaiia?aae, oaeee noa’?eo, ye “ia iaioa i?ae 3 i?eueeiie a?iiaaeyi
Oe?a?ie” (ia?iaeia ?i?oe?thaaiiy), aecia/aia caeiiii i?i ?aoa?aiaeoie
e?euee?noue ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a Oe?a?ie oa I?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie. I?e
oeueiio Eiinoeoooe?y iaiaaeo? eiei ieoaiue, noiniaii yeeo
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi iiaea ?i?oe?thaaoeny Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith
Oe?a?ie aai I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie, ieoaiiyie iaia’yceiaeo anaoe?a?inueeeo
?aoa?aiaeoi?a (no.no.73, 156).

Noa’?eoaie i?ecia/aiiy (i?iaieioaiiy) anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ?
Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie oa I?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie. Eiinoeoooe?y ?iciaaeiao?
eiiiaoaioe?th oeeo noa’?eo?a a?aeiia?aeii aei ia’?eoo anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio. Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie i?ecia/a? anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi c ieoaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo ci?i, a I?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie – c
ieoaiue i?i aianaiiy ci?i aei I, III, XIII ?icae?e?a Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie. I?aceaeaio Oe?a?ie oaeiae i?iaieioo? anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi ca ia?iaeiith ?i?oe?aoeaith.

Aei noa’?eo?a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
iiaeia a?aeianoe nenoaio eii?n?e c anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio (
Oeaio?aeueia aeai?/a eii?n?y, oa?eoi??aeuei? eii?n??, noa’?eoe, ia yeeo
iieeaaea?oueny th?eaee/iee iaia’ycie ni?eyoe oeei eii?n?yi c
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, a a ?ac? ia?iaeiiai ?i?oe?thaaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio eiai noa’?eoaie oaeiae aoaeooue cai?e
a?iiaaeyi ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy oa ?i?oe?aoeai? a?oie anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, ia?ai? ia oeeo cai?ao.

Noa’?eoaie aieinoaaiiy ia anaoe?a?inueeiio ?aoa?aiaeoi? ? a?iiaaeyie
Oe?a?ie, ye? ia aeaiue aieinoaaiiy aeinyaee 18 ?ie?a, ie??i oeo
a?iiaaeyi, ye? aeciai? iaae??caeaoieie a noaeiaiio ii?yaeeo. ?ioeo
iaiaaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie ia anoaiiaeth?. Ia noaae?? aieinoaaiiy
aei o/aniee?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio iaeaaeaoue oaeiae
Oeaio?aeueia aeai?/a eii?n?y oa oa?eoi??aeuei? eii?n?? c
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ? noa’?eoe, oiiaiiaaaeai? cae?enithaaoe
noaeiaee oa iicanoaeiaee eiio?ieue ca aeio?eiaiiyi caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
anaoe?a?inuee?e ?aoa?aiaeoi i?e aieinoaaii?.

Aeena?oaio ?iaeoue aeniiaie, ui aei o/aniee?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio ne?ae a?aeiineoe oaeiae eiei noa’?eo?a, oiiaiiaaaeaieo
?aae?ciaoaaoe ??oaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa cae?enithaaoe
eiio?ieue ca aeeiiaiiyi oeeo ??oaiue.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ia’?eo?a
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, ye? aecia/athoue ci?no anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio ye naiino?eiiai aeaeo eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, ia’?eoii anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ?
iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, caeiiii?iaeoe (caeiie) oa ?io? aaaeeea?
??oaiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy. I?e oeueiio ia’?eo
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a oe?eiio ni?aiaaea? c eiai i?aaeiaoii ca
aeiyoeii aeiaaee?a, eiee iiaa eaeaoueny i?i aianaiiy ci?i aei iieiaeaiue
Iniiaiiai Caeiio /e i?i ?aoeo?eaoe?ei? anaoe?a?inuee? ?aoa?aiaeoie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/eo o na?oia?e i?aeoeoe? i?aaeiao?a ?aoa?aiaeoi?a
oa aiae?c caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui noiniaii i?aaeiaoo anaoe?a?inuee? ?aoa?aiaeoie
iiaeooue aooe eiinoeoooe?eieie, caeiiiaeaa/eie, i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeie,
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeie oa ?inoeoooe?eieie. Ie??i aecia/aieo
Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie oa Caeiiii i?i ?aoa?aiaeoie i?aaeiao?a, ia
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi iiaeooue aeiineoeny ieoaiiy, noiniaii yeeo
caeiiiaeaanoai ia i?noeoue iaiaaeaiue.

Aiae?coth/e ieoaiiy, ye? ia iiaeooue aeiineoeny ia anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi (no.74 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie), c iaeyaeo ia iaaaoeaiee
aeina?ae eaa?oei?caoe?? oeyoii ?aoa?aiaeoio iaaeaiie?aoe/ieo ??oaiue a
aeayeeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao, aeena?oaio i?iiiio? cae??ieoe a iiaiio
caeii? i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi ii?io, yea caai?iiy? i?iaaaeaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio o aeiaaeeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ai?iiiai /e
iaaecae/aeiiai noai?a, cae?eniaiiy aeoe?e a?iiaaenueei? iaiiei?e,
noeo?eiiai eeoa, a?aee?eoiai i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae oeaio?ii ? ?aa?iiaie
oiui.

O?ao?e ?icae?e – “I?ioeanoaeuei? i?iaeaie anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio”
– i?enay/o?oueny aeine?aeaeaiith i?ioeaaeo?e anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio oa oi?ioethaaiith eiioeaioe?? aa?aio?e anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio.

A ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?ioeaaeo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio oa aiae?cothoueny iniaeeaino? eiaeii? noaae?? i?ioeaaeo?e
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, i?ioeaaeo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
neeaaea?oueny c iine?aeiaieo ? aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo noaae?e, ye?
aecia/athoue ii?yaeie i?aeaioiaee, i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa ii?yaeie ?aae?caoe?? eiai ??oaiue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei cia/aiiy eiaeii? ?c noaae?e anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio aeey i?ioeaaeo?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio a oe?eiio
aaoi? aeae?ey? i?aeaioia/o, iniiaio oa caeeth/io noaae??
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

I?aeaioia/a noaae?y anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ia?aaeo? eiai
i?ecia/aiith (i?iaieioaiith) ? ia?aaeaa/a? ?i?oe?thaaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oiiaiiaaaeaieie noa’?eoaie, ?ioi?ioaaiiy
a?iiaaeyi i?i ?i?oe?thaaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, aa?oaoe?th ca
/e i?ioe aeianaiiy ieoaiiy ia anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, a a ie?aieo
aeiaaeeao – ia?eaiaionuee? iaaiai?aiiy aai anaia?iaei? iaaiai?aiiy
ieoaiue, ye? iathoue aooe aeianaieie ia anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

A ?ac? aeio?eiaiiy i?ioeanoaeueieo aeiia ia i?aeaioia/?e noaae??
oiiaiiaaaeaiee i?aai i?ecia/a? (i?iaieioo?) anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.
I?ney oeueiai a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aai?caoe?y anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
oa aieinoaaiiy c ieoaiue anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio. sseui
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi aaaaea?oueny oaeei, ui a?aeaoany,
aecia/a?oueny ??oaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Caeeth/ia noaae?y anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ia ?aaoeth?oueny
caeiiiaeaanoaii i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, aea ?? ?nioaaiiy ?
eia?/iei c iaeyaeo ia i?aaiao i?e?iaeo i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?iaaaeaeaiiy
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio. Aeena?oaio aeiaiaeeoue, ui ci?no oe???
noaae?? aecia/a?oueny ?aae?caoe??th ??oaiue anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio oa i?aaiaith a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noth a ?ac? iaaeeiiaiiy oaeeo
??oaiue.

Aeena?oaio aaa/a?, ui i?ioeaaeo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, ie??i
iiaiai caeiio i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, iiaea a aooe
aeaoae?ciaaiith a Eiaeaen? Oe?a?ie i?i aeai?e oa ?aoa?aiaeoie a Oe?a?i?
(i?iaeo no?oeoo?e cacia/aiiai eiaeaeno aeiaea?oueny a aeena?oaoe??).

A ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? oi?ioeth?oueny eiioeaioe?y aa?aio?e
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Aeoiaey/e c iniiaieo caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue i?i i?aaia?
aa?aio?? (A.O.Iiai??eei oa ?io.), aeena?oaio ?icoi?? i?ae aa?aio?yie
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio eiiieaen oiia oa cania?a, ye?
caaacia/othoue a?iiaaeyiai Oe?a?ie, ui iathoue i?aai aieino, ?aaeueii
ona?aeiieaio naiaiaeo ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa ia o/anoue o anaoe?a?inueeiio
?aoa?aiaeoi?.

Caaaeuei? aa?aio?? anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio aecia/athoueny
eiiieaenii cania?a oa oiia iie?oe/iiai, aeiiii?/iiai, nioe?aeueiiai oa
aeooiaiiai (eoeueoo?iiai) oa?aeoa?o, ye? aeicaieythoue Oe?a?inueeiio
ia?iaeo aaciina?aaeiuei, oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, ae??ooaaoe iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ieoaiiy noni?eueiiai oa
aea?aeaaiiai aeeooy ? caaacia/othoue aioiai?noue aea?aeaae aa?aiooaaoe
a?iiaaeyiai Oe?a?ie i?aai o/ano? o anaoe?a?inueeiio ?aoa?aiaeoi?.

Niaoe?aeuei? (th?eaee/i?) aa?aio?? anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
caaacia/othoueny eiiieaenii ii?iaoeaii–i?aaiaeo oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e.

Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aa?aio?? anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio ? noeoii?noth iaoa??aeueieo oa i?ioeanoaeueieo ii?i, ye?
cae?eniththoue i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, a naia: ii?i-i?eioeei?a, i?ioeanoaeueieo ii?i, ii?i, ye?
anoaiiaeththoue th?eaee/i? iaia’ycee noa’?eo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, oa ii?i, ye? anoaiiaeththoue th?eaee/io
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee
?aoa?aiaeoi.

Nenoaio i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio
neeaaeathoue noa’?eoe anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, oiiaiiaaaeai?
?i?oe?thaaoe, i?ecia/aoe (i?iaieiooaaoe), i?aai?ciaoaaoe ? i?iaiaeeoe
anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, a?aoe o/anoue o aieinoaaii? oa
?aae?ciaoaaoe ??oaiiy anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, a oae naii
cae?enithaaoe noaeiaee oa iicanoaeiaee eiio?ieue ca aeio?eiaiiyi
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

O aeniiaeao aaoi? oi?ioeth? iniiai? aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ocaaaeueith? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi.

Cai?iiiiiaai? aeniiaee ? iieiaeaiiy neeaaeathoue oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye iaei??? c i??i?eoaoieo oi?i
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao??, ui aeicaiey? a?iiaaeyiai Oe?a?ie
aaciina?aaeiuei i?eeiaoe ii?iaoeai? iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie,
caeiie Oe?a?ie oa ?io? iaea?eueo aaaeeea? ??oaiiy caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai
cia/aiiy oeyoii aieinoaaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe yeiai iathoue ?iia?aoeaiee
oa?aeoa?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y iineoue i?iaiinoe/iee oa?aeoa? ? aecia/a?
iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeai? oeyoe ?icaeoeo ?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio oa oia?aaeaeo? iiaeeea? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee iaiii??eiaaii?
ai?iaaoe?? oe??? oi?ie aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? a Oe?a?i?.

O aeniiaeao aaoi? a?aoiaioo? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaeaiiy oa aaaaeaiiy a
ae?th iiaiai naiino?eiiai caeiio i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, yeee
ae aeaoae?coaaa eiinoeoooe?ei? iieiaeaiiy uiaei noa’?eo?a oa i?aaeiao?a
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio oa eiai i?ioeaaeo?e. Aeena?oaioii oaeiae
iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy a ia?niaeoea? Eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie
i?i aeai?e oa ?aoa?aiaeoie a Oe?a?i?.

Ii?yae c caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieie aeniiaeaie oa i?iiiceoe?yie uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi aeniiaee
i?noyoue i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, iaoe?eai?
ia aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo?e anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Oniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1.?aoa?aiaeoi /e iieooaaiiy? Iiaa?i?iiny o 1991 ??e // A?/a. — 1998. — ?
7. — N.133-142.

2.?aoa?aiaeoi: oa, ui ia? aooe iia?aeiieaia // A?/a. — 1998. — ? 11. —
N.54-60.

3.Anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi: i?iaeaia oai??? ? i?aeoeee // I?aai
Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 11. — N.136-141.

4.I?aaeiaoe anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio: ?aae?? oa ia?niaeoeae //
Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iie?oeee: Ca. iaoe. i?. / A?aei. ?aae. E.?.Ei?ie/. —
Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio, 1998. — Aei. 3-4. — N.300-305.

5. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?aoa?aiaeoi?a c ?ioeie oi?iaie aaciina?aaeiuei?
aeaiie?ao?? // Aea?aeaaa ? i?aai. Ui??/iee iaoe. i?aoeue iieiaeeo a/aieo
/ ?aaeeie.: A.I.Aeaienia (aieiaa ?aae.) oa ?i. — E.: ?i TH?a, 1999. —
Aeione 2. — N.84-90.

Oaaei?aiei A.E. Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio: i?iaeaie oai??? oa i?aeoeee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.02. — Eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai. — Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Ee?a. 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? i?iaeaie
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio ye iaei??? c iniiaieo oi?i
aaciina?aaeiuei? aeaiie?ao?? oa naiino?eiiai aeaeo
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei. Aeoiaey/e c ae?th/eo eiinoeoooe?eieo
ii?i, ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?inoeoooo anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: anaoe?a?inueeee ?aoa?aiaeoi, aaciina?aaeiy aeaiie?ao?y,
noa’?eoe anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, i?aaeiaoe anaoe?a?inueeiai
?aoa?aiaeoio, i?ioeaaeo?a anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio, aa?aio??
anaoe?a?inueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio.

Oaaei?aiei A.E. Eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaua iniiau anaoe?aeineiai
?aoa?aiaeoia: i?iaeaiu oai?ee e i?aeoeee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.02. — Eiinoeoooeeiiiia i?aai. — Eeaaneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei. Eeaa. 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea i?iaeaiu
anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia eae iaeiie ec iniiaiuo oi?i
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeaiie?aoee e naiinoiyoaeueiiai aeaea
eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiia enneaaeiaaiea iinayuaii aiaeeco i?aaeiinueie
aicieeiiaaiey anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia a iaoeeiiaeueiii i?aaa,
i?iaeaiai ii?aaeaeaiey iiiyoey «anaoe?aeineee ?aoa?aiaeoi», a oaeaea
i?iaeaiai ii?aaeaeaiey ?iee e ianoa anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia a
nenoaia eiuo oi?i iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeaiie?aoee. Enoiaey ec
aeaenoaothueo eiinoeoooeeiiiuo ii?i, ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu
niaa?oainoaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey einoeoooa
anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia.

Ai aoi?ii ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeee niaea?aeeony aiaeec anaoe?aeineiai
?aoa?aiaeoia eae naiinoiyoaeueiiai aeaea eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiauo
ioiioaiee. Niaeaoaynue ni acaeyaeaie o/aiuo (N.N.Aeaenaaaa, ?.I.Oaeoeiie
e ae?.) ia iiiyoea e no?oeoo?o i?aaiioiioaiee, aeenna?oaio ii?aaeaeyao
anaoe?aeineee ?aoa?aiaeoi eae naiinoiyoaeueiue aeae
eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee, eioi?ua aicieeatho a i?ioeanna
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie ?aaeecaoeee ia?iaeiiai noaa?aieoaoa. Niune yoeo
i?aaiioiioaiee ii?aaeaeyaony i?aaiaie i?e?iaeie no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioia
anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia eae aeaea i?aaiioiioaiee, a eiaiii: i?aaiaie
i?e?iaeie noauaeoia anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia, eo noauaeoeaiuie
i?aaaie e th?eaee/aneeie iaycaiiinoyie, a oaeaea i?aaiaie i?e?iaeie
iauaeoia anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia.

A o?aoueai ?acaeaea aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony i?ioeaaeo?a
anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia, aiaeece?othony aa iniiaiua noaaeee, a
oaeaea oi?ioee?oaony oeaeinoiay eiioeaioeey aa?aioee anaoe?aeineiai
?aoa?aiaeoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: anaoe?aeineee ?aoa?aiaeoi, iaiin?aaenoaaiiay
aeaiie?aoey, noauaeou anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia, i?aaeiaou
anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia, i?ioeaaeo?a anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia,
aa?aioee anaoe?aeineiai ?aoa?aiaeoia.

Fedorenko V.L. Constitutional Lawful basis of all-Ukrainain referendum:
problems of theory and practice. — Manuskript.

Thesis for a degree of the candidate of science in law, specialty
12.00.02. — Constitutional Law. — Kyiv University named by Taras
Shevchenko. Kyiv 1999.

Theoretical and practical problems of all-Ukrainain referendum as an
important form of Constitutional Law relations have been researched in
the thesis. Proceeding from acting constitutional norms, there is a
consederation of the question of improvement of law regulation of the
institute of all-Ukrainain referendum.

Key words: all-Ukrainain referendum, direct democracy, subject of
all-Ukrainain referendum, object of all-Ukrainain referendum, procedure
of all-Ukrainain referendum, guarantees of all-Ukrainain referendum.

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