AEAAeAI?ss I?EEI?AeIIIEO A?ENUeE OE?A?IE

?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai

Oeeiaae?noee Oa?an Ieaaiae/

OAeE 351. 766

EIINOEOOOe?EII — I?AAIAEE NOAOON

AeA?AEAAIIAI EI?AeIIO OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 20.02.03

A?enueeiaa i?aai; a?enueeia? aniaeoe

i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy

iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? eiinoeoooe?eiiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa
Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio NOAOeTHE Iao?i
Aiaaeaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e eiinoeoooe?eiiai, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oa
o?iainiaiai i?aaa Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?aaia
O?aiea.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1. Ae?eniee /eai Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie, caneoaeaiee th?eno
Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EINOEOeUeEEE Ieoaeei
Aaneeueiae/, noaeaey Eiinoeoooe?eiiai Noaeo Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

2. Eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe AA?AI*OE A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e eiinoeoooe?eiiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueiiai oi?aae?iiy oa i?aaa, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y –

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 24 » a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.70.705.02 Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai (Oe?a?ia,
280003, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee-3, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai (280003, i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee-3, aoe.Oaa/aiea, 46).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee « »______________1998 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe A. A. Aae?iia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaei??th c i?e/ei, yea ia i?ioyc? an??? ?noi??? aea?aeaaiiai
?nioaaiiy ethaenoaa i?ecaiaeeea aei aeieeiaiiy i?aeaea?aeaaieo ai?i ?
eiioe?eo?a, aoea ? caeeoa?ouey i?iaeaia oa?eoi??? aea?aeaa ? ?o
ei?aeii?a.

Ei?aeiie — iaa?ae`?iia iciaea noaa?ai?oaoo aoaeue-yei? aea?aeaae,
iaa?ae`?iiee ? iaia`yceiaee /eiiee oi?ioaaiiy oe?e?niiai
aea?aeaaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai i?aai?cio. Aac /?oei aecia/aieo ei?aeii?a
aea?aeaaa ia iiaea ?aae?coaaoe aanue eiiieaen nai?o noaa?aiieo i?aa.
A?ae ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio caeaaeeoue ? ?icaeoie
i?aeaea?aeaaieo oa iicaaea?aeaaieo, cie?aia, aeiiii?/ieo, oi?aiaaeueieo,
aeaiia?ao?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo oa ?ioeo a?aeiinei. Ia?aoo?, ei?aeii
aea?aeaae ? oei eaeioniaei iai??oeai, yeee aeaco? ia ??aaiue ??
oeea?e?ciaaiino? ? a?aee?eoino? aeey i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa.

Ia?aieaoaiiy an?o oeeo /eiiee?a coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue ae?iaeaiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? aea??aii? ? iaa?oioiaaii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee c ieoaiue,
ui noinothoueny aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a.

Iaeiei c iniiaieo ieoaiue, ui iinoaee o ca‘yceo c ooai?aiiyi
iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, aoei ieoaiiy ?? ei?aeii?a, yea
?icaeyaeaeiny a aeaio aniaeoao:

aecia/aiiy i?inoi?iaeo iaae oa?eoi??? iiaiooai?aii? aea?aeaae;

anoaiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono oeeo ei?aeii?a.

Ia ae??oaia inoaoi/ii oey i?iaeaia ? nueiaiaei?, ui iiynith?oueny
neeaaei?noth ? noia?a/eea?noth i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, i?iaeaiaie ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee c i?eei?aeiiieo ieoaiue.

Oey neooaoe?y ua a?eueoa caaino?eeany i?ney i?eeiyooy a 1996 ?ioe?
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ine?eueee /eii? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia? aeoe, ui
?aaoeththoue ieoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, aoee i?eeiyo? a iniiaiiio a
1991 ?ioe?.

?aae?? nueiaiaeaiiy coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaeyaeo nooiino? oa
i?ecia/aiiy aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a. Iac??ea iaaaeueia iio?aaa o
?aoi?ioaaii? an??? nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie, ia?aaaaeaiiy ?? c nooi a?enueeiai? o iaa?enueeiao noa?o.

Aeua aeeeaaeai? i??eoaaiiy aoee aeo?aeieie i?e aeai?? oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?o ? eiea ieoaiue, ui a iueiio ?icaeyaeathoueny.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A th?eaee/i?e iaooe? ieoaiiy,
iia`ycai? c oa?eoi???th ? ei?aeiiaie aea?aeaae, aeineoue aeia?a
aena?oeai? a i?aeia?iaeiiio ioae?/iiio i?aa?. Ui ae aei eiinoeoooe?eiiai
i?aaa, oi aei inoaiiueiai /ano oey i?iaeaia iaeaea ia ?ic?iaeyeany. O
e?oa?aoo?? a/aieie i?eae?eyeanue oaaaa eeoa aeayeei aniaeoai
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio. Aiie ciaeoee
nai? aena?oeaiiy a ?iaioao N. I. Aaao??ia, TH. A. Aa?naaiaa, E. ?.
Aieiai?, N. N. Aei?no?yinueeiai, A. I. Eeeiaiea, A. A. Iinoenueeiai, A.
A. Ii?ea, TH. ?. Neo?aoiaa, I. A. Niieainueeiai, ?. I. O?aei?ia, E. E.
Oaeeaiaea, A. N. Ua?aaeiaa oa ?i. Eiiieaeniiai ae aeine?aeaeaiiy
oeueiai yaeua ia i?iaiaeeeinue.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie coiiaeaia ?? iaaeinoaoiueith oai?aoe/iith
?ic?iaeith, ui i?ecaaei aei neooaoe??, eiee /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai i?i
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie ua aeaeaea a?ae oiai noaio, a yeiio a aiii
aoei caeaoia noai?thaaoe iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaiiai
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, caaacia/aiiy iaae?eii?
eiai ioi?iie ? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? i?eei?aeiiii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie.
Iaae??oai?noue oe??? i?iaeaie a e?ioeaaiio ?aooieo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iineaaeaiiy aaoi?eoaoo Oe?a?ie a ?a?ii? ? na?o?.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? ieaiaie. ?ic?iaea aeaii? oaie
iia`ycaia c ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe Aeaaeai?? IAO, i?ia?aiaie
noaeiai-i?aaiai?, aaei?i?no?aoeaii? oa a?enueeiai? ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?.

Ia‘?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? a?aaoeueiaai? ii?iaie i?aaa noni?euei?
a?aeiineie a noa?? anoaiiaeaiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeiaa
?ic?iaea ? eiiieaeniee aiae?c i?iaeai eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe noaaeeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

aecia/aiiy iiiyooy ? aeae?a aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a;

aecia/aiiy iiiyooy ? ci?noo eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

a?aene?aeeoaaiiy i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
acaaae?, ? a Oe?a?i? cie?aia;

c‘ynoaaiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

caaaeueiee aiae?c ?aaeeiieo i?aaee, ui ae?thoue o i?eei?aeiiiiio
i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie;

c‘ynoaaiiy aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo iniia ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie;

aeyaeaiiy oa aiae?c i?aaiaeo ii?i, ui caaacia/othoue ?aae?caoe?th
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii ?, cie?aia, oeo, ui noinothoueny
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca eiai ii?ooaiiy;

aeoiaey/e c? noaio /eiii? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace i?i aea?aeaaiee
ei?aeii Oe?a?ie, ?ic?iaeaiiy oa aianaiiy i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ??
aaeineiiaeaiiy;

iiaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeena?oaoe??.
Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaiiee
iaoiae iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aaoi?ii canoiniao?oueny oaeiae
ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee no?oeoo?iee,
oi?iaeueii-i?aaiaee, eia?/iee, noaoenoe/iee iaoiaee, iaoiae
iiaeaethaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy.

Iniiaieie ia?oiaeaea?aeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaoaaee /eiia Eiinoeoooe?y
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae caeiiiaeaanoai, ui a?aaoeueiao? a?aeiineie a noa??
ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/iith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee i?aoe?, a yeeo
aena?oeth?oueny eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee aniaeo ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio. I?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeei?enoai? oaeiae ?iaioe c
ieoaiue caaaeueii? oai??? aea?aeaae oa i?aaa, caaaeueii? ?noi???
aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa Oe?a?ie, i?aeia?iaeiiai
ioae?/iiai, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa ca?oa?aeieo
e?a?i. Cie?aia, eaeaoueny i?i oaeeo i?ia?aeieo a/aieo-i?aaiaee?a ye, A.
A. Aaa?`yiia, N. N. Aeaen??a, A. I. Eaiii, I. ?. Eictha?a, I. E.
Eiieeaiei, I. A. Einoeoeueeee, I. I. I?c?o, A. O. Iiai??eei, TH. I.
Oiaeeea, I. O. O?eoeueeee, A. I. Oaiiaae, TH. N. Oaioo/aiei, E. I.
THcueeia oa ?i.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? o oiio, ui ca oa?aeoa?ii ? ci?noii ?icaeyiooeo i?iaeai – oea
ia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia?e iaooe? oai?aoe/ia eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie. O ?aieao ?iaioe
?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i?i iniiae eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? canaaee eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ioi?iie.

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy:

oai?aoe/ii iaa?oiooaaii ? aecia/aii iiiyooy eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

ocaaaeueiaii iieiaeaiiy, ui noinothoueny i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

aecia/aii eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? canaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy a Oe?a?i?
?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio;

c eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? oi/ee ci?o i?iaiae?ciaaii ?aaeeii? i?aaeea, ui
ae?thoue a i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie;

aecia/aii aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? iniiae ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeyaeai? i?iaaeeie ? iaaeie?ee a caeiiiaeaanoa? i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii
Oe?a?ie aeicaieeee aianoe oe?eo ieceo i?iiiceoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia eiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy.

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?aaeai? aei
th?eaee/ii? neoaeae Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo o ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie aeey ?o a?aooaaiiy a ?ic?iaoe? i?iaeoo iiai?
?aaeaeoe?? Caeiio «I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie», ?ioeo
caeiiii?iaeo?a c i?eei?aeiiieo ieoaiue. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o i?iaeo?
?ic?iaeaii? a?oiith oao?aoe?a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, na?aae yeeo
aoa ? aaoi?, Eioeaioe?? aea?aeaaii? i?eei?aeiiii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, yea
i?eeiyoa ca iniiao oa iiaeaia ia ?icaeyae o ?aaeo iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee
oa iai?iie i?e I?aceaeaioia? Oe?a?ie. Iecea iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??
aoea aeei?enoaia i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiai eiiaioa?th aei Caeiio
«I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie».

?acoeueoaoe aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
?aoi?ioaaii? nenoaie caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae o i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no eiinoeoooe?eiiai,
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, ?ioeo th?eaee/ieo, a oaeiae a?enueeiaeo
aeenoeeie?i o aeueo a?enueeiaeo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?eethaeiaii ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e, ia?aae? eiiaiaee??a oa canooiiee?a eiiaiaee??a /anoei oa
c‘?aeiaiue I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. E??i oeueiai, c ieoaiue
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi? aenooiaa c eaeoe?yie oa i?iaiaeea caiyooy a nenoai?
eiiaiaee?nueei? oa aoiai?oa?ii? i?aeaioiaee. Ie?ai? aeniiaee ?iaioe
aeei?enoai? a i?ioean? aeeeaaeaiiy eo?no eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa Oe?a?ie
a Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, ia th?eaee/iiio oaeoeueoao?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?. O?aiea.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o o?ueio
aaoi?nueeeo noaooyo o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, ye? i?noyoue a nia? o?noue i?ae?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo
aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoea. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 176 noi??iie, ianya aeiaeaoea — 46 noi??iie,
ianya nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (178 iaeiaioaaiue) — 16 noi??iie.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneth?oueny ia’?eo, oi?ioeth?oueny iaoa oa iniiai?
caaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny eiai iaoiaeieia?/i?
oa iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? iniiae, ?ice?eaathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia ?
i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe, iieiaeaiiy, io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeeo.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? — «Oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie» — neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a ? i?enay/aiee
c’ynoaaiith oai?aoe/ieo oa ?noi?e/ieo iniia noaiiaeaiiy
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? — «Iiiyooy, ci?no oa i?eioeeie
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie» — aaoi?
i?ia?a oai?aoe/iee aiae?c iiiyoue aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, aecia/ea eiai
aeaee, c’ynoaaa ci?no ? i?eioeeie eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai noaoono
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

Aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii aecia/aii ye anoaiiaeaio th?eaee/ii /e
oaeoe/ii ooo/io e?i?th (ia noo? ? aiae?) ? aa?oeeaeueio iiaa?oith, ui
i?ioiaeeoue ii oe?e e?i?? (a iaae?ao, aiaeao ? iia?o?yiiio i?inoi??),
ye? aecia/athoue i?inoi?ia? iaae? oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae ? noa?e
cae?eniaiiy iath naiai noaa?ai?oaoo (oa?eoi??aeueiiai aa?oiaainoaa).

Ei?aeiie aea?aeaa — ia i?inoi iaae? ?? oa?eoi???. Aiie
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny niaoeeo?/ieie e?eoa??yie, ye? iiae?eai?: ia
th?eaee/i? (niin?a anoaiiaeaiiy; aoai anoaiiaeaiiy; ii?yaeie
ia?aoeiaiiy), aaia?ao?/i? (caaaeueia i?ioyaei?noue; aaia?ao?/ia
iieiaeaiiy ia ea?o? na?oo; oe?e?ni?noue (caieioo?noue) e?i?? ei?aeiio;
i?noea i?ioiaeaeaiiy; iniaeeaino? eaiaeoaooo; ee?iaoe/i? oiiae;
oa?aeoa? i?ioiaeaeaiiy; oa?aeoa? ei?aeiio) oa ?io? (nooi?iue
caoeuaiino?; /an ?nioaaiiy).

O ?iaio?, aa?o/e ca iniiao ??ci? e?eoa???, iiaeaii ?icai?iooo
eeaneo?eaoe?th aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a.

I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio ? aaaaoiieaiiaei yaeuai.
Aeey eiai iicia/aiiy aaeeaathoueny oae? oa?i?ie (iiiyooy), ye
«caeiiiaeaanoai i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii», «i?aaiaee ?aaeei aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio», «i?eei?aeiiiee ?aaeei». Aacoiiaii, oae? eaoaai??? iathoue
i?aai ia ?nioaaiiy ? iiaeii? aeoeaii ?ic?iaeyoeny th?eaee/iith iaoeith.
?acii c oeei ?nio? iaaea ?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae. TH. ?.
Neo?aoia aeey iicia/aiiy an??? nenoaie i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio i?iiiio? canoiniaoaaoe eaoaai??th «i?aaiaa iniiaa
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio», ?icoi?th/e i?ae iath nenoaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo
aioo??aea?aeaaieo ? i?aeia?iaeieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, th?eaee/ieo ii?i,
?ioeo i?aaiaeo cania?a, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue ieoaiiy anoaiiaeaiiy,
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, aeeth/ath/e caoiaee
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ii?ooaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo i?aaee ? i?ioeaaeo?. Ca
nai?th no?oeoo?ith, i?iaeiaaeo? a?i, i?aaiaa iniiaa aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio neeaaeia ? iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye: a) noeoii?noue ii?iaoeaieo
aeo?a; a) nenoaia i?aaiaeo ?inoeooo?a, ye? ?aaoeththoue ??ci? noi?iie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, eiai ioi?iie; a) noeoii?noue
th?eaee/iiai ?inooiaioa??th, ui caaacia/o? ao?eaiiy a aeeooy i?eien?a
i?aaiaeo ii?i (aeoe ?aae?caoe?? i?aa ? iaia’yce?a, caoiaee th?eaee/ii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ? ?i.). Aeaia oi?ioethaaiiy ia? i?aai ia aeeooy,
ine?eueee aeicaiey? ioiieoe an? aieiai? aeaiaioe nenoaie th?eaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio. Aea, ye iai aeaea?oueny, a?eueo
aaeaeei aeey oeueiai ? oa?i?i «i?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio».

I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio o?aaa a?ae??ciyoe a?ae
eiai oaeoe/iiai noaoono, yeee aeeth/a? ?aaeueiee noai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?
ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, i?aaicanoinia/o i?aeoeeo. Aeaia eaoaai??y
aea? ciiao aiae?coaaoe ia eeoa caeiiiaeaanoai i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii,
aea e noai eiai ?aae?caoe??, ui a naith /a?ao aea? iiaeeea?noue
aaeineiiaethaaoe iaoai?ci ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.

I?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie — oea
eiiieaeniee i?aaiaee ?inoeooo, ii?ie yeiai ?aaeaiaioothoue ieoaiiy
anoaiiaeaiiy, ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.
Eiiieaeni?noue oeueiai ?inoeoooo iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i aeeth/a? ii?ie
i?aaa, ye aioo??oiueiai, oae ? i?aeia?iaeiiai. Naia oiio i?aaiaee noaoon
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie iiae?ey?oueny ia eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee
(aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaee) ? i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaee.

O aioo??oiueiio i?aa? Oe?a?ie i?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio aecia/a?oueny ii?iaie oaeeo aaeocae i?aaa (caeiiiaeaanoaa), ye
eiinoeoooe?eia, aaei?i?no?aoeaia, e?ei?iaeueia, oeea?eueia, o?oaeiaa,
i?aai nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy, aeieia?/ia, o?iainiaa, a?enueeiaa.

Ii?ie i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa ?aaoeththoue ii?yaeie aecia/aiiy ?
anoaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a, aecia/athoue th?eaee/iee ci?no
i?eioeei?a oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino? ? iaaeioi?eaiiino? aea?aeaa,
iaaeioi?eaiiino? ? iaii?ooiino? aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a, i?aenoaae ?
ii?yaeie ci?ie aea?aeaaii? i?eiaeaaeiino? ie?aieo oa?eoi??e ? ci?ie
i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a, i?aaiianooiieoeoaa aea?aeaaieo
ei?aeii?a, anoaiiaeththoue i?aaiaee ?aaeei aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio,
ii?yaeie ie?iiai ae??oaiiy i?eei?aeiiieo ?ioeeaeaio?a ? oa?eoi??aeueieo
?ica?aeiinoae (nii??a).

O ?aieao eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio, aa?o/e ca iniiao ??ci? e?eoa??? (iai?eeeaae, i?noea
i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio), iiaeia aeae?eyoe a?oie ii?i, ye? ?
eiai neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie. Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ii?ie i?aaa, ye?
noinothoueny aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, iaea?eueo aeioe?eueii iiae?eyoe ca
noa?ith ?o canoinoaaiiy. C oe??? iiceoe?? neeaaeiaeie /anoeiaie
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie ? a?oie
ii?i, ui ?aaoeththoue: 1) aecia/aiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio; 2) ?aaeei aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; 3) i?eei?aeiiiee ?aaeei; 4)
?aaeei o ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii; 5) iiaiiaaaeaiiy
i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee a noa?? ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; 6)
iiaiiaaaeaiiy I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue o
oe?e noa??; 7) o/anoue i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aei?e?inoa,
onoaiia, i?aai?caoe?e, ia’?aeiaiue a?iiaaeyi ? a?iiaaeyi a ioi?ii?
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; 8) a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii; 9) ii?yaeie ae??oaiiy
oa?eoi??aeueieo ?ica?aeiinoae (nii??a); 10) ii?yaeie ae??oaiiy
i?eei?aeiiieo ?ioeeaeaio?a; 11) i?aaiaee ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a oa ?ioeo in?a, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue a ioi?ii?
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; 12) ii?yaeie ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.

?aaeueia i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio iaiiaeeeaa
aac eiai aecia/aiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy. C oe??th iaoith i?aeia?iaeiith
i?aeoeeith ae?iaeaiee oe?eee eiiieaen i?eioeei?a (e?eoa???a), ia iniia?
yeeo (ca yeeie) cae?enith?oueny i?aeaea?aeaaia oa?eoi??aeueia
?iciaaeoaaiiy. Na?aae ieo iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae?: naiiaecia/aiiy;
aoiia?ao?/iee (iaoe?iiaeueiee); ?noi?e/iee; aaia?ao?/iee; aeiiii?/ii?
aeioe?eueiino?; aaei?i?no?aoeaiee (iiaeeeaino? oi?aae?iiy);
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iee. I?e oeueiio aiie ia iinyoue aaniethoiee
oa?aeoa? ? ia iiaeooue (ca aeiyoeii i?eioeeio naiiaecia/aiiy) neoaeeoe
aeinoaoiueith i?aenoaaith oa?eoi??aeueieo ci?i.

Aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith, a?ae oni?oiiai ae??oaiiy yei? caeaaeeoue
caa?aaeaiiy ie?o ? ii?iaeueia ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaa, ? i?iaeaia
noaa?eueiino? aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a, aeey caaacia/aiiy yei? ?niothoue
i?aaia? aa?aio?? (i?aeia?iaei? oa iaoe?iiaeuei?) oa iaoai?cie
(no?oeoo?i? oa iaoa??aeueii-i?aaia?). O ?iaio? aecia/aii ?
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?o ci?no.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — «Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie» — a?aene?aeeiao?oueny caaaeueia ?noi??y aea?aeaaieo
ei?aeii?a, aiae?co?oueny i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ? th?eaee/iiai cae??ieaiiy
no/anieo ei?aeii?a Oe?a?ie, iaa?oioiao?oueny aacia?niaeoeai?noue ?
iaaacia/i?noue ii?ooaiiy ieoaiiy i?i ?o ia?aaeyae. Caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia
oa, ui ei?aeiie aea?aeaaii? oa?eoi??? ia caaaeaee iaee aeaeyae /?oeeo
e?i?e, yeeie aiie ? nueiaiaei?, ia caaaeaee iieiaeaiiy oaeeo e?i?e aoei
oi/ii aecia/aia. Aea?aeaai? ei?aeiie aeyaeythoueny a?eueo /?oei, a
ei?aeiie-ciie iinooiathoueny i?noeai ei?iiai-e?i?yi c ooai?aiiyi
oaiaeaeueieo aea?aeaa. Aea iaa?oue o O?O no. e?i?? ei?aeiio ia
i?noeaaino? ia??aeei aoee a?aenooi?, a yeui ? aoee, oi ia caaaeaee
/?oei iicia/aeeny. No/ani? ei?aeiie a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a yaeythoue
niaith e?i??, ye? /?oei iicia/ai? ye ia ea?o? (aeae?i?oiaai?), oae ? ia
i?noeaaino? (aeaia?eiaai?).

?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a Oe?a?ie o?nii iia’ycaia, c
iaeiiai aieo, c aoi?/iei ?icnaeaiiyi oe?a?ioe?a, a c ?ioiai, — ?c
ca?iaeaeaiiyi ? noaiiaeaiiyi oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?. AEiaeiith
i??ith ia i?eiaiooth/e cia/aiiy ia?oiai oaeoi?o, o ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii
aiae?c eeoa ae?oaiai — oi?ioaaiiy ei?aeii?a aea?aeaa, ye? aoee ?noi?e/ii
oe?a?inueeeie: Ee?anueei? ?on?, Aaeeoeueei-Aieeinueei? aea?aeaae,
Caii??cueei? N?/?, Aaoueiaiueie, OI?, Oe?a?inueei? Aea?aeaae, COI?,
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. Aaoi? caa?oa? oaaao ia aaaeeeaa iie?oe/ia cia/aiiy
a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae Aeoo Ceoee 22 n?/iy 1919
?ieo — th?eaee/iiai ia`?aeiaiiy oa?eoi??e Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii?
?anioae?ee ? Cao?aeii-Oe?a?inueei? Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee a ?aeeio
aea?aeaao, yeiio, ia aeaeue, ia noaeeeinue ae?noaoe inoaoi/iiai
i?aeoe/iiai aeiaa?oaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy no/anieo ei?aeii?a Oe?a?ie
noaa ia??iae ?nioaaiiy Oe?a?inueei? ?N? o neeaae? N?N?, ine?eueee naia
oiae? a ?? oa?eoi??aeueieo iaaeao aoei ia’?aeiaii iaeaea an? aoi?/i?
oe?a?inuee? caie?. O 1991 ?ioe? c i?iaieioaiiyi iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie
«aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaae?» eieeoiuei? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?eioeeio i?aaiianooiieoeoaa noaee aea?aeaaiei ei?aeiiii Oe?a?ie.
Inoaii?e, iii?e iaiiaia eiai i?aaiaa ioi?ieaiiy, ? caaa?oaiei
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaei yaeuai, iinyaaiiy ia yea iai?eionoeia, ine?eueee
iana a nia? caa?ico ii?ooaiiy noaa?eueiino? ia eiioeiaio? ? a na?o?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — «Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia?
canaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie» — aaoi?
aiae?co? /eii? ?aaeeii? i?aaeea, ui ae?thoue o i?eei?aeiiiio i?inoi??,
aecia/a? aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? iniiae ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie, oeyoe oa iai?yiee oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio O?a?ie,
caaacia/aiiy eiai ioi?iie, oi?ioeth? c oe??th iaoith eiie?aoi?
i?iiiceoe??.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? oeueiai ?icae?eo — «?aaeeie a i?eei?aeiiiiio
i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie» — c`yniaaii, ui i?eei?aeiiiee i?ino?? Oe?a?ie yaey?
niaith aeae?eaiee c oa?eoi??? aea?aeaae aaia?ao?/iee ? nioe?aeueiee
i?ino??, yeee ioiieth? niaith aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii, i?eei?aeiiio nioao,
eiio?ieueiaai? i?eei?aeiii? ?aeiie, ioieoe i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee
ei?aeii, oa?eoi??aeueia ii?a, aioo??oi? aiaee ? ?o i?aeaiaeia
na?aaeiaeua, eiioeiaioaeueiee oaeueo ? aeeeth/io (ii?nueeo) aeiiii?/io
ciio, a oaeiae iia?o?yiee i?ino?? iaae oeeie oa?eoi??yie ? a yeiio
anoaiiaeththoueny a?aeiia?aei? ?aaeeie, a naia: ?aaeei aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, i?eei?aeiiiee ?aaeei, ?aaeei o ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie.

I?ae?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ia?aa?ao?a. O ia?oiio c ieo — “?aaeei
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie” — aaoi? aecia/a? ?aaeei aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie ye nenoaio i?aaee, ui anoaiiaeththoueny aioo??oi?i
caeiiiaeaanoaii ? i?aeia?iaeieie aeiaiai?aie Oe?a?ie c iaoith
caaacia/aiiy ii?yaeeo ia aea?aeaaiiio ei?aeii? oa i?aeo?eiaiiy
aeia?inon?aenueeeo a?aeiinei c noi?aeieie aea?aeaaaie ? ?aaeaiaioothoue
ii?yaeie ia?aoeiaiiy ? oo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, i?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
iueiio ??cieo ?ia?o (ae?yeueiino?), ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, iia`ycaieo c
ii?ooaiiyi oeeo i?aaee. Aioo??oi? caeiiiaeaanoai ?aaeaiaioo? ii?yaeie
ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, eiai ieoiee, nai?oa?iee oa ?ioee ?aaeei,
ii?yaeie ia?aoeiaiiy ei?aeiio, a’?caeo (caoiaeaeaiiy) ? ia?aaoaaiiy, a
oaeiae ainiiaea?nueei? oa ?ioi? ae?yeueiino? a i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi??.
I?aeia?iaei? oaiaee ?aaeaiaioothoue ieoaiiy, ui ca/?iathoue ?ioa?ane
non?aei?o aea?aeaa: i?ioiaeaeaiiy, iicia/aiiy ? oo?eiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio, ii?yaeie eiai ia?aoeiaiiy, i?eei?aeiiiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa oa
?io? ieoaiiy.

A?aeiia?aeii aei /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie a ?iaio?
aecia/aii aeaiaioe ?aaeeio aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie ? c?iaeaii ?o
eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee aiae?c.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a nenoai? caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie caeia? anoaiiaeaiiy ? i?aeo?eiaiiy i?eei?aeiiiiai
?aaeeio ? ?aaeeio a ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii.
C’ynoaaiith oeeo ieoaiue i?enay/ai? aeaa ?ioeo ia?aa?aoe i?ae?icae?eo.
I?eei?aeiiiee ?aaeei — oea nenoaia a?aeianaieo aei aioo??oiuei?
eiiiaoaioe?? Oe?a?ie ?aaeeiieo caoiae?a, ye? anoaiiaeththoueny a
i?eei?aeiii?e nioc? ? eiio?ieueiaaiiio i?eei?aeiiiiio ?aeii? ?
?aaeaiaioothoue a?aeiia?aeii aei caeiiiaeaanoaa i?aaeea: a`?caeo,
oei/aniaiai ia?aaoaaiiy in?a ? o?ainii?oieo cania?a a ieo; i?iaaaeaeaiiy
?ia?o ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo; iae?eo oa o?eiaiiy ia i?enoaiyo, i?e/aeao ? a
ioieoao aacoaaiiy naiio?aeieo oa ianaiio?aeieo noaeai, ieaacania?a ?
cania?a ia?anoaaiiy ii eueiaeo, ?o ieaaaiiy oa ia?aaoaaiiy o aioo??oi?o
aiaeao Oe?a?ie.

?aaeei o ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie
aecia/a? ii?yaeie ia?aaoaaiiy ? ia?anoaaiiy an?o in?a ? o?ainii?oieo
cania?a o iaaeao oa?eoi??? i?eei?aeiiieo cae?cie/ieo ? aaoiiia?eueieo
noaioe?e, ii?nueeeo ? ??/eiaeo ii?o?a, aa?iii?o?a ? aa?iae?ii?a,
a?aee?eoeo aeey i?aeia?iaeiiai niieo/aiiy, a oaeiae cae?eniaiiy ?ioi?
ae?yeueiino?, iia`ycaii? c i?iioneii /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie
in?a, o?ainii?oieo cania?a, aaioaae?a oa ?ioiai iaeia.

Iniiaia i?ecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a, ui ae?thoue o i?eei?aeiiiiio
i?inoi??, iieyaa? o caaacia/aii? ii?yaeeo ia aea?aeaaiiio ei?aeii?,
noai?aii? oiia aeey cae?eniaiiy eiai ioi?iie, i?aeaeuaii? iiaeeeaino?
aeyaeaiiy ? i?eieiaiiy aeiaaee?a iacaeiiiiai ia?aoeiaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio iniaaie ? o?ainii?oieie caniaaie, iacaeiiiiai ia?ai?uaiiy /a?ac
ei?aeii oiaa??a (aaioaae?a) oa ?ioiai iaeia. O nai?e noeoiiino? ?aaeeii?
i?aaeea iiaeii? aa?aiooaaoe aeio?eiaiiy caeiiiino? ? i?aaiii?yaeeo ia
aea?aeaaiiio ei?aeii?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? — «Aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? iniiae ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie» — aecia/aii, ui ioi?iia aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie ? iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii?
nenoaie caaacia/aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie, aeeth/a? a naaa
cae?eniaiiy iie?oe/ieo, i?aaiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeiiii?/ieo,
a?enueeiaeo, iia?aoeaieo, oaoi?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo, nai?oa?ii-ea?aioeiieo
oa ?ioeo caoiae?a ? ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii cae?eniaiiy aea?aeaaii?
i?eei?aeiiii? iie?oeee. Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie i?eei?aeiiii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie ?: noai?aiiy oiia aeey caaacia/aiiy noaa?ai?oaoo,
oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino? ? iaaeioi?eaiiino? Oe?a?ie, ?? i?eei?aeiiii?
aaciaee; iaaeiiouaiiy i?ioei?aaii? ci?ie i?ioiaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio, caoiieaiiy ? iacaeiiiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?eei?aeiiieo ae?eyiie
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie; i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaa ioi?ieaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio; i?aeia?iaeia ni?a?ia?oieoeoai uiaei caiia?aaiiy ai?ii?e
iaaaciaoe?, e?ecai ? eiioe?eoai o i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie;
i?ioeae?y aeiiii?/i?e aeniain?? ia oa?eoi??th Oe?a?ie c aieo ?ioeo
aea?aeaa, iaeaaaeuei?e i?a?aoe??, o?ainei?aeiii?e cei/eiiino? oa ?ioei
caa?icai iaoe?iiaeuei?e aaciaoe? Oe?a?ie o ?? i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi??.

I?eioeeiaie i?eei?aeiiii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ?: aca?iia iiaaaa
noaa?ai?oaoo, oa?eoi??aeueii? oe?e?niino? ? iaaeioi?eaiiino? aea?aeaa,
iaii?ooiino? ei?aeii?a; caeiii?noue; i??i?eoao iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a
Oe?a?ie a ?? i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi??, eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei ?o
?aae?caoe?? ? caoenoo; aeio?eiaiiy i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie ?
a?iiaaeyieia; ie?ia ae??oaiiy i?eei?aeiiieo ieoaiue; ?iciaaeoaaiiy
iiaiiaaaeaiue ? eii?aeeiaoe?y ae?e on?o aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a ?
i?eei?aeiiieo eiio?ieueieo neoaea; caeo/aiiy aei ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio a?iiaaeyi oa ?o ia’?aeiaiue, i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aea?aeaaii?
aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee e i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy; aeani?noue ?
iiaeeea?noue eiio?ieth ca noa?ith ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.

Noa’?eoaie ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie aecia/aii:

1. Oe?a?inueeee ia?iae;

2. Aa?oiaio ?aaeo Oe?a?ie;

3. I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie;

4. Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie;

5. Niaoe?aeueiee oeaio?aeueiee i?aai aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie —
Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao o ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

6. ?io? oeaio?aeuei? i?aaie aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee Oe?a?ie: I?i?noa?noai
caei?aeiiieo ni?aa Oe?a?ie; I?i?noa?noai iai?iie Oe?a?ie; i?i?noa?noaa
? a?aeiinoaa, ye? cae?eniththoue ia aea?aeaaiiio ei?aeii? ??ci? aeaee
eiio?ieth; Neoaeaa aaciaee Oe?a?ie; Iiiinoa?noai aioo?ioiio ni?aa
Oe?a?ie; iinoeaai i?aaie aea?aeaaii? aeaaee;

7. I?aaie iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iiaei?e?inoaa, onoaiiae,
i?aaiicaoei?, ia`?aeiaiiy a?iiaaeyi i a?iiaaeyie;

8. Aienueeiai oi?ioaaiiy: I?eei?aeiiii aienueea, Aienueea iiaio?yii?
iai?iie, Aienueeiai-ii?nueei neee Oe?a?ie;

9. I?eei?aeiiii i?aaenoaaieee Oe?a?ie.

Cia/ia oaaaa aeena?oaioii i?eae?eaia ?ice?eooth iiaiiaaaeaiue caaaeaieo
noa`?eo?a, ye?, ia aeaeue, ia cae??ieai? a ?aeeiiio ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiio
aeo?, yeei ae iaa aooe Caeii “I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie”.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? — «A?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie» — ii?ooaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie iiae?eaii ia oae? aeaee:
ii?ooaiiy ?aaeeio aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; ii?ooaiiy i?eei?aeiiiiai
?aaeeio; ii?ooaiiy ?aaeeio a ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii
Oe?a?ie; ?io? ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie.
Ui ae aei oaeiai aaeeaaiiai a caeiiiaeaanoa? oa iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??
iiiyooy, ye ii?ooaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, oi aaoi? ?icaeyaea? eiai ye
??ciiaeae ii?ooaiue ?aaeeio aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie. Iniae, aeii?
o ii?ooaii? caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii, i?aeeyaathoue
e?ei?iaeuei?e, aaei?i?no?aoeai?e, aeenoeeie?ia?i?e oa iaoa??aeuei?e
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?. O ?iaio? c?iaeaii ?o aiae?c, caa?iaii oaaao ia
i?iaeaie eiieo?aioe?? i?ae ieie.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — «I?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie» — aaoi?, eiiieaenii
i?iaiae?coaaaoe /eiio ii?iaoeaio aaco Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue, ui noinothoueny
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, i?aeoeeo ?? canoinoaaiiy, a oaeiae aeina?ae ?ioeo
e?a?i o oe?e aaeoc?, ae?eoia aeniiaeo, ui i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio iaiiaeeeaa aac
onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a ? i?iaaeei o caeiiiaeaanoa?. C oe??th iaoith ca
?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?aoeueiaaii oe?eo ieceo i?iiiceoe?e,
i?eeiyooy ? ?aae?caoe?y yeeo noai?eoue iaiao?aei? oiiae aeey a?eueo
oni?oiiai aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie.

O ?iaio? caa?iaii oaaao ia ie?ai? iaoi/iino? o oi?ioethaaii?
eiinoeoooe?eieo iieiaeaiue, ui noinothoueny aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie. Cia/ia /anoeia caoaaaeaiue ? i?iiiceoe?e noino?oueny
aaeineiiaeaiiy Caeiio «I?i aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie», iiaiee i?iaeo
iiai? ?aaeaeoe?? yeiai iiaeaiee aaoi?ii a aeiaeaoeo aei aeena?oaoe??.
Iniiai? noi?ioeueiaai? aeena?oaioii i?iiiceoe?? caiaeyoueny aei oiai, ui
iaiao?aeii caeiiiaeaa/i aecia/eoe i?eioeeie aca?iia?aeiinei Oe?a?ie c
?ioeie aea?aeaaaie c i?eei?aeiiieo ieoaiue, caaaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio, eiei noa’?eo?a, ui ?? cae?eniththoue, ? ?o
iiaiiaaaeaiiy a oe?e noa??; ii-iiaiio aecia/eoe aeaiaioe ?aaeeio
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio; onoiooe eie?c?? i?ae ie?aieie i?aaiaeie ii?iaie,
ui ?aaeaiaioothoue i?aaeea i?eei?aeiiiiai ?aaeeio; aeae?eeoe a ie?aiee
i??icae?e ii?ie i?i ?aaeei o ioieoao i?iioneo /a?ac aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii
Oe?a?ie; anoaiiaeoe ii?yaeie ?ano?niiai caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio.

Ia iniia? aiae?co anueiai eiiieaeno aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o
/eiiee?a c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i iaiao?aei?noue iioei?caoe?? nenoaie
caaacia/aiiy ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, ui ia? a?aeaooeny
oeyoii ci?ie ?? a?enueeiaiai aniaeoo ia i?aaiioi?iiiee ? noai?aiiy a
ca’yceo c oeei aaaaoii?io?eueiiai aea?aeaaiiai i?aaiioi?iiiiai i?aaio
niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy — Aea?aeaaii? i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae Oe?a?ie.
O ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? eiie?aoi? iieiaeaiiy uiaei aecia/aiiy canaae
i?aai?caoe?? ? ae?yeueiino? iiai? no?oeoo?e, ?? ooieoe?e oa
iiaiiaaaeaiue. Aeneiaeai? oaeiae i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?i
i?i a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aea?aeaaiee
ei?aeii Oe?a?ie, ?io? i?iiiceoe??.

O caaaeueieo aeniiaeao c?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy oa i?aeaeoi
i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, oeacaii ia iniiai? oeyoe
ae??oaiiy ii?ooaieo i?iaeai.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii oae? iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy:

oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy iiiyooy eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaiai
noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

ocaaaeueiaiiy iieiaeaiue, ui noinothoueny i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie;

aecia/aiiy eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaeo canaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy a Oe?a?i?
?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio;

eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaa o?aeooaaiiy ?aaeeiieo i?aaee, ui ae?thoue o
i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi??;

aecia/aiiy aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaeo iniia ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie;

th?eaee/iee aiae?c a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii Oe?a?ie;

iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueiiai i?aaiioi?iiiiai
i?aaio aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee — Aea?aeaaii? i?eei?aeiiii? neoaeae
Oe?a?ie, aecia/aiiy canaae eiai ae?yeueiino?;

aeniiaie i?i ?nioaaiiy iaaeie?e?a ? i?iaaeei o caeiiiaeaanoa? i?i
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii ?, ye aeo?ae ?c neooaoe??, ui neeaeany,
iaiao?aei?noue i?eeiyooy iiai? ?aaeaeoe?? Caeiio “I?i aea?aeaaiee
ei?aeii Oe?a?ie” (iiaiee oaeno i?iaeoo iiaeaii a aeiaeaoeo aei
aeena?oaoe??).

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aei ieoaiiy i?aaiianooiieoeoaa aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue N 5. *. ???. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO,
1997.

2. Aei ieoaiiy noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie //
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue N 6. *. ??. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO,
1998.

3. Iiiyooy ? aeaee aea?aeaaieo ei?aeii?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ?
7. /. ??. — Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998.

AIIOAOe??

Oeeiaae?noee O. I. Eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiaee noaoon aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy
eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 20.02.03 — a?enueeiaa
i?aai; a?enueeia? aniaeoe i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa. — Aeaaeai?y
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai, Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iaeiii?aoeueiaaiei o iaooe?
eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa ieoaiiyi i?aaiaiai noaoono aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie,
?noi?e/i? iniiae eiai noaiiaeaiiy, c eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaiai? oi/ee ci?o
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?aaeeii? i?aaeea, ui ae?thoue o i?eei?aeiiiiio i?inoi??
Oe?a?ie, aecia/aii aea?aeaaii-i?aaia? iniiae ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii. Noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??, ye? iiaeii?
ni?eyoe ye iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaiith aeaieo i?iaeai, oae ?
aaeineiiaeaiith iaoai?cio i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio,
a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? eiai ioi?iie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aea?aeaaiee ei?aeii, i?eei?aeiiia iie?oeea,
i?eei?aeiiiee i?ino??, oa?eoi??y.

Oeeiaaeenoue O. I. Eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaie noaoon
ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoeu Oe?aeiu. — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia
nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.03 — aiaiiia i?aai, aiaiiua aniaeou
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa. — Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu
ei. A. Oiaeueieoeeiai, Oiaeueieoeeee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iaeieco/aiiui a iaoea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
i?aaa aii?inai i?aaiaiai noaoona ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoeu Oe?aeiu.
?anniio?aiu oai?aoe/aneea aii?inu ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoeu Oe?aeiu,
enoi?e/aneea iniiau aa noaiiaeaiey, n eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaie oi/ee
c?aiey i?iaiaeece?iaaiu ?aaeeiiua i?aaeea, aeaenoaothuea a iia?aie/iii
i?ino?ainoaa Oe?aeiu, ii?aaeaeaiu ainoaea?noaaiii-i?aaiaua iniiau io?aiu
ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoeu Oe?aeiu, ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ia?ooaiea
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoea. Noi?ioee?iaaiu auaiaeu
e i?aaeeiaeaiey, eioi?ua aeieaeiu niaeaenoaiaaoue eae aeaeueiaeoaio
enneaaeiaaieth aeaiiuo i?iaeai, oae e oniaa?oainoaiaaieth iaoaiecia
i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie a?aieoeu, a oaeaea iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe aa io?aiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ainoaea?noaaiiay a?aieoea, iia?aie/iay iieeoeea,
iia?aie/iia i?ino?ainoai, oa??eoi?ey.

Tsymbalistyy T.O. Constitutional-legislative Status of the state border
of Ukraine, Manuscript. Candidate of jurisprudence dissertation on
speciality 20.02.03.- military law; military aspects of international
law. — Bogdan Khmel’nitsky Border Guard Troops Academy,
Khmel’nitsky,1998.

The dissertation deals with unstudied problems of the legislative status
of the state borger of Ukraine in the science of constitutional law. The
theoretical problems of the state borger of Ukraine, historical grounds
of its formation are examined. The regime rules, acting in the border
area of Ukraine has been analyzed from the constitutional-legislative
point of view; state — legislative grounds of guarding of the state
boder of Ukraine have been worked out and suggsted; the responsibility
for law violation of the state border has been put in. Concusions and
proposals had been formulated, which should improve as the further
investigation of the given problems as the perfection of the mechanism
of law regulation of the state border, so the efficiensy increase of its
guarding.

Key words: state border, border policy, border area, territory.

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