IAeANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

ii. I.I.Ia/ieeiaa

OAeE 9(497.1) “1991/95”

EAIOEI Ieaen?e ?aaaiiae/

EIIOE?EO O EIEEOI?E THAINEAA?? 1991-95 ?.?.

A CAAAEUeII?A?IIAENUeE?E IIE?OEOe? NOA

07.00.02 — anana?oiy ?noi??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Iaeana-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

EIAAEUe ?ai? Ieeieaeiae/

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa,

aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueieo iaoe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe

IA?AIAEEOess A?eai??e Ieeieaeiae/,

ea??aiee a?enueeiaiai a?aeae?eo

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?inoeoooo no?aoaa?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

AeUeII?I Ieaa Ai?eniae/,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iiai? oa iia?oiuei? ?noi???

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “20” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.41.051.08 a Iaeanueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. 1.1. Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: 270057, Iaeana, aoe.
Uaie?ia, 12.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: Iaeana, aoe.
I?aia?aaeainueea, 204

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “20” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe A.E. Eicianueeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Iiaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy “Eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.) o
caaaeueii?a?iiaenuee?e iie?oeoe? NOA” ?icaeyaea? aaeeainueeo e?eco a
eiioaeno? iiai? aaiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe??, ui neeaeany i?ney ?iciaaeo
eiioi?noe/ii? nenoaie a No?aei?e ?a?ii?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny, iaoiiaeaia oe?eei ?yaeii
niaoeeo?/ieo /eiiee?a, ui ia?aoai?ththoue eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa??
ia iaeio c iaeaino??oeo i?iaeai no/anieo i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei.

1. Aeoeaia o/anoue o aaeeainueeeo iiae?yo NOA, ?N, a oaeiae on?o
eeth/iaeo no?oeoo? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee a ?a?ii?, noaea a?aeaeoeii
iaeaaaeeea?oeo eiioeiaioaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ? noia?a/iinoae o
iinoeiioi?noe/iee ia??iae. Ioaea, aiae?c thaineaanueei? i?iaeaie
aeicaiey? aeyaeoe iniiai? iniaeeaino? ? oaiaeaioe??, ui aecia/athoue
?icaeoie na?oiai? iie?oeee iai?ee?ioe? OO noie?ooy.

2. Iniaeeaa noaiiaeua NOA ye ?aeeii? iaaeaea?aeaae, ui caeeoeeany ia
ieaiao?, iio?aao? anaa?/iiai ? e?eoe/iiai inieneaiiy aia?eeainueei?
ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee, ui ni?aaey? nueiaiaei? aeii?ioth/ee aieea ia
caaaeueio ea?oeio i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei. Ine?eueee o/anoue o
aini?enuee?e e?ec? noaea iaei??th c aieiaieo aeeieiiaoe/ieo ?
a?enueeiaeo ?i?oe?aoea aaei?i?no?aoe?? Ee?ioiia, aea/aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai
aniaeoo eiioe?eoo a aen-THaineaa?? ? iaiao?aeiei aeey ?icoi?iiy caaea/
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueei? iie?oeee NOA a 90-? ?iee.

3. I?ney cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie” ?aa?iiaeuei? eiioe?eoe aoee
aeciai? aieiaiith caa?icith i?aeia?iaeii? aaciaee. O oeueiio ?icoi?ii?
e?eco a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe a?ae?aco c aeaio aie?a.
Ii-ia?oa, ye ac??aoeue i?aeaoi?/ii? a?eie, yea ? nueiaiaei? iaea?eueo
oa?aeoa?iith oi?iith ?aa?iiaeueiiai eiioe?eoo; ii-ae?oaa, c iiaeyaeo
aoaeoeaiino? i?aeia?iaeieo no?oeoo? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee i?ney i?eeiyooy
ieie iiaeo no?aoaa?/ieo i??i?eoao?a .

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia i?aeienai? a 1995 ?. Ia?ecuee? ie?i? oaiaee,
a?eueo?noue thaineaanueeeo oa?eoi??e caeeoathoueny nueiaiaei? iaea?eueo
aeaooiiaaacia/iei ?aa?iiii ?a?iie. Ia?icoi?iiy aai ?aii?oaaiiy
ni?aaaeiuei? noo? aoi?/iiai i?ioenoiyiiy ia Aaeeaiao, noaee i?e/eiaie
iiai? o?aaaae?? a Einiai, yea ca nai?ie ianooaaaie aieeao ia ?a?iio
ia?aaa?oeea iaa?oue aini?enueeee eiioe?eo. No/ania i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae
na?aaie e aeaaioeyie ae?aiaoe/iei /eiii i?aeaeuo? aeooaeuei?noue
ia’?eoeaiiai aiae?co aoi?/ieo i?iaeai eieeoiuei? THaineaa??.

5. Niaoe?aeueii? oaaae caneoaiao? aiae?c aaiiie?oe/iiai aeina?aeo
THaineaa?? noiniaii ?aae?e oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. A?aoiaoth/e iaai?
aiaeia?? a ?o ?noi?e/iiio ? eoeueoo?iiio ?icaeoeo, oaea aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeoaea ei?enii ye aeey ?icoi?iiy ?ie? Oe?a?ie a no/anieo i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiineiao, oae ? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aioo??oi?o aoi?/ieo i?iaeai
?anioae?ee, ui iaea?aeaea iauiaeaaii iacaeaaei?noue.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — iie?oeea NOA a thaineaanueeiio eiioe?eo?
(1991-95 ?.?.) o ?aieao caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeeo no?aoaa?/ieo caaaeaiue
Aaoeiaoiia a aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae. I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea?
eiai ia’?eoo — aea/aiiy aia?eeaii-?a?iiaenueeeo a?aeiinei o eiioaeno?
e?ece a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.)

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy —
aecia/eoe cia/aiiy iie?oeee NOA a thaineaanueeiio eiioe?eo? (1992-95)
aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aaino?aoaa?/ieo i?iaeai Aaoeiaoiia a ?a?ii? i?ney
cae?i/aiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”. Aeoiaey/e c oe??? iniiaii? iaoe, o ?iaio?
iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

? I?iaanoe aiae?c iiai? aaiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe??, ui neeaeany a
?acoeueoao? ?iciaaeo eiioi?noe/iiai aeiea iaaeiei N?N? ? i?eieiaiiy
a?iiey?iiai i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae NOA ? ?aaeyinueeei Nithcii.

? Aeyaeoe iniiai? i?iaeaie ? i?ioe??//y, ui aeieeee ana?aaeei? ?N ?
o?ainaoeaioe/iiai aeueyino a ca’yceo c ?aaeeeaeueiei ia?aa?oioaaiiyi nee
o No?aei?e ?a?ii? e ?a?aac?? a oe?eiio.

? Aeaoe iaiao?aeio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ia?aae?noi??? a?iiaaeyinueei? a?eie a
eieeoi?e THaineaa??; aeae?eeoe ?? iniiai? i?e/eie, a?aeia?aceaoe ?oi?e
i?yiee ca’ycie c ?noi???th i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ? ?a?iiaenueeith
aaiiie?oeeith OO noie?ooy.

? Aea/eoe aini?enueeo e?eco ye aieiaiee ina?aaeie a?eie a eieeoi?e
THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.) c oi/ee ci?o no?aoaa?/ieo ?ioa?an?a NOA a
?a?ii?.

? ?icaeyiooe ?ieue aini?enueeeo iia?aoe?e IAOI e III o a?aaoethaaii?
eiioe?eoo.

? I?iaiae?coaaoe ?acoeueoaoe e?ece a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95) o
ia?niaeoea? eiioeiaioaeueieo ?ioa?an?a NOA ? ?N.

? C’ynoaaoe, ye? o?iee iiaea aeianoe Oe?a?ia c aaeeainueeiai eiioe?eoo
(1991-95 ?.) ? ?noi??? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei THaineaa?? a oe?eiio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o aea/aii? ?aa?iiaeueiiai eiioe?eoo
a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? a eiioaeno? na?oiaeo iie?oe/ieo i?iaeai 90-o
?ie?a, aeeeeeaieo iiaei ia?aa?oioaaiiyi aaiiie?oe/ieo nee a ?a?ac??.
Aaoi? i?iiiio? eiioeaioe?th ?icaeyaeo thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo (1991-95
?.) ye /anoeie caaaeueii? e?ece i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, ui aenooia?
nueiaiaei? ?aeeiei ? aca?iicaeaaeiei i?aai?ciii. Ia iniia? aaeeeiai
aeieoiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo a ?iaio? ?ice?eaa?oueny oeaio?aeueia
cia/aiiy thaineaanueeiai ieoaiiy aeey caaaeueii?a?iiaenueei? no?aoaa??
NOA a ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a.

Ia caoeno aeena?oaoe?? auiinyony oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy :

? A?iiaaeyinueea a?eia a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? — ne?aenoai ia o?eueee
aioo??oiueiaaeeainueeeo i?iaeai, aea e i?yiee ?acoeueoao ci?i o
i?aeia?iaei?e iie?oeoe? i?ioyaii OO noie?ooy..

? Aeeieiiaoe/ia ? a?enueeiaa ao?o/aiiy NOA a aaeeainueeee eiioe?eo aoei
iaiao?aeia aeey ?ica’ycaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo i?iaeai Aaoeiaoiia i?ney
i?eieiaiiy “oieiaeii? a?eie”. Aieiaiith caaea/ath A?eiai Aeiio aoei
caa??aaiiy ? ci?oeiaiiy o?ainaoeaioe/ieo ca’yce?a ?c ?oi?i iiaeaeueoei
i?inoaaiiyi a ?a?ac?th.

? Iniiaia i?e/eia ?ica?aeiino? NOA ? ?N o oiae? eiioe?eoo iieyaa? a
i?aaiaii? cao?aeii?a?iiaeoe?a ?icoe?eoe iiaeeeaino? aeanieo no?oeoo?
eieaeoeaii? aaciaee ? i?iaiaeeoe ia eiioeiaio? a?eueo iacaeaaeio a?ae
Aaoeiaoiia iie?oeeo.

? Aeei?enoaaoe i?ioe??//y ana?aaeei? ?N ? III, NOA aaeaeiny aeiiiaoeny
i??i?eoaoii? ?ie? IAOI a ?ica’ycaii? aini?enueei? e?ece ? oei naiei
caa?aaoe nai? e?aee?oth/a noaiiaeua a nenoai? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
iiaeooue iaoe i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy i?e ?ic?iaoe? ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai
eo?no Oe?a?ie o a?aeiioaii? ?anioae?e eieeoiuei? THaineaa??, aea?aeaa
?N, IAOI ? NOA. E??i oiai aeena?oaoe?y iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e
iaienaii? iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e, i?enay/aieo aaeeainuee?e e?ec? ?
ciai?oi?e iie?oeoe? NOA a ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. E.E.Ia/ieeiaa, iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo IAeO ? i?nueeiio i?aeaoc?anueeiio
nai?ia?? “Oai??? e ?noi??ia?ao?? i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei”. Iniiai?
iai?yiee aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee a?aeaeo? aaoi?ii o na??? a?ioo? ?
ioae?eaoe?? a “Caieneao ?noi?e/iiai oaeoeueoaoo” IAeO.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? oai?aoe/ia aaca iie?oe/ieo
? nioe?aeueieo iaoe. Ia oi?ioaaiiy iaoiai aiinaieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
aeine?aeaeaiiy a ia?oo /a?ao aieeioee ?iaioe E.Oi?ooa, A. Ia?aoi, A.
Iinea, A. Ii?aaioao. Niaoe?aeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co aaiiie?oe/ieo
i?iaeai NOA ? ?a?iie aaco?oueny ia ?aeayo O. Iaeeiaea?a. E. Oaonoioa?a,
I. Niaeeiaia. O ?iaio? nooo?aa cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny oaeiae iaoiaeo
nenoaiiiai aiae?co, yeee iaoiiaeth? oe?e?nia ni?eeiyooy ia`?eoa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? anaa?/iee aiae?c ca`yceo i?ae eiai ie?aieie aeaiaioaie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? e?oa?aoo?e.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 150 noi?.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ia?aii?
oaie, noaaeyoueny iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aee?aneth?oueny
iaoeiaa iiaecia iieiaeaiue, ui auiinyoueny ia caoeno, aecia/a?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??, ?? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Aiae?c ?noi??ia?ao?/ii? oa aeaea?aeueii? aace
aeine?aeaeaiiy” i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo aeei?enoaii? a aeena?oaoe??
e?oa?aoo?e ? aeaea?ae. O oe?e /anoei? ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny nooi?iue
iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie, cae?enith?oueny ?noi??ia?ao?/iee aiae?c,
i?iaiaeeoueny nenoaiaoecaoe?y aeaea?ae aeena?oaoe??.

Ine?eueee iniiaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — c’ynoaaoe cia/aiiy iie?oeee NOA
a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aaino?aoaa?/ieo i?iaeai
Aaoeiaoiia a ?a?ii?, iniiaiee iaoene ?iaeoueny ia ?noi??ia?ao?/iee
aiae?c ?ia?o aia?eeainueeeo aaoi??a. Na?aae ieo iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeie
aeey ian aoee aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai? i?aeia?iaeiiio aniaeoo
thaineaanueei? e?ece (N. Na?oao?, O. Naoa?a, I. Oaa?a, Aeae. Io?aa/eea,
I. A?eueyina oa ?i.) .

Ii??aiyii iaaaeeeee oa?i?i, ui i?ieoia i?ney iaea?eueo aeoeaii? oace
aaeeainueeeo iiae?e (1991-95 ?.) iiee ia aeicaiey? aeaoe iaeiicia/io
eeaneo?eaoe?th iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a o aea/aii? aeaii? i?iaeaie.

Ia iao iiaeyae o ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? ioae?eaoe?e, ye? aeeoee a NOA ca
ia??iae 1991-95 ?. aiae?c eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? caoaeiaaiee
aeiyoeiai a ?ioa?anao caaacia/aiiy ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai eo?no
Aaoeiaoiia. Aea/aiiy ae ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo e?ece
ua i?aeoe/ii ia i?iaiaeeeiny. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui ae?ac “caaacia/aiiy
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai eo?no” ia aa?oi ?icoi?oe ye aaccanoa?aaeia
noaaeaiiy aaeeainueei? iie?oeee aaei?i?no?aoe?? Ee?ioiia. Aacoiiaii,
e?eoeee ia ?? aae?ano aoei aeinoaoiuei, i?ioa caiaeeeany aiia aei
aei??eaiue uiaei iaaeinoaoiuei? ??oo/ino? aai, iaaiaee, iini?oiino?, o
oie /an, ye i?aeoe/ii i?eiee ia i?aeaeaaaeeny noii?ao i?aaii??i?noue
naiiai aecia/aiiy i?e/ei, aeioaaooe?a ? aea?oa eiioe?eoo. Ii/eiath/e c
1992 ?. a NOA i?oeii ooaa?aeeeeny aioena?anuee? iiceoe??, ui aaniethoii
aeii?ioaaee ? ia aeo?iae?nonueeiio, ? ia iie?oieia?/iiio ??ai?. E?eca a
eieeoi?e THaineaa?? o?aeooaaeany aai ye ?acoeueoao nooe/ee “na?anueeiai
oioae?oa?ecio” ?c iaoe?iiaeueieie ?ooaie a ?anioae?eao (O. Iaeaai, N.
?aiao, I. Naeea) , aai ye aoi?/iee eiioe?eo, ?ica’ycaiee
iaoe?iiae?noe/ieie ae?oaie, c ia?aaaaeaiiyi na?anueei? /anoee
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? (A. Iaeeai, A. O?aaa?oii, Ae.Eiooa) . O ?acoeueoao?
aaiiie?oe/ia ? i?aeia?iaeia i?aea?oioy eiioe?eoo iaeaea cian?i
caoooiaoaaeiny, a iiae?? ia Aaeeaiao o a?iiaaenuee?e aeoioe? iaee
aeaeyae ?aa?iiaeueii? e?ece, ui iio?aao? o ao?o/aiiy no?oeoo?
eieaeoeaii? aaciaee.Oaea iaeiia?/i?noue o aeai?? i?aeoiae?a aei
eiioe?eoo ? e?eoa???a eiai ioe?iee iiynith?oueny aeiiaith no/aniiai
iiiaioo, ae?ae aaaeeeaiai aeey oni?oo aia?eeainueei? no?aoaa?? ia
o?eueee a eieeoi?e THaineaa??, aea e o an?e ?a?ii?. I?ioa, oeoia/aiiy
a?eie ia Aaeeaiao ye ne?aenoaa aeiyoeiai aioo??oi?o i?iaeai aac
iiyniaiiy ?oiueiai ca’yceo c i?aeia?iaeiith iie?oeeith, ia iao iiaeyae,
ia? aeaeyae caiaaeoi ni?iuaiee. Oea oeoia/aiiy iiae?e aeia?a ye
iaa?oiooaaiiy ao?o/aiiy NOA a e?eco o ?ie? ie?ioai?oey, aea aeinoaoiuei
aiaaaeiaaia, uia noaaeoeny aei iueiai e?eoe/ii. Oaeei /eiii, ?iaioe
aeine?aeiee?a ?c NOA ? iacai?iiei aeiiiaiaiiyi aei aeaea?aeueii? aace
aea/aiiy aaeeainueei? iie?oeee A?eiai Aeiio, aea c ia’?eoeaieo i?e/ei ia
iiaeooue aooe ia?ai? oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeey iaoia?aaeaeaiiai aiae?co
eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa??.

Cia/iee ianya ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey aea/aiiy aaeeainueeiai ieoaiiy
neiioeaio?iaaiee o ?iaioao ?in?enueeeo aaoi??a: A. Aieeiaa, N.Naioeeiaa,
TH.A?aa?ia, A. A?innoea, A. I?o??aa, O. Oaeea?ia ? o.ae .
Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e iiaeyaee ?in?enueeeo aiae?oee?a, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui
?oi? iiceoe?? a ia??iae ?c 1991 ii 1995 ?.?. aaiethoe?iioaaee a?ae
noaaeaiiy iie?oeee Caoiaeo aei e?eoe/ieo ioe?iie eiai aeeieiiaoe/ieo ?
a?enueeiaeo ?i?oe?aoea. O oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?in?enueeeo
niaoe?ae?no?a yaeythoue cia/iee ?ioa?an ye eiioeaiooaeueia aeueoa?iaoeaa
i?aeoiaeai, ae?iaeaiei ia Caoiae?, e iniaeeai a NOA.

Iaea?eueo iioeiaeueiith oi?iith eeaneo?eaoe?? aaoi??a ?c eieeoiuei?
THaineaa?? iai oyaey?oueny ?oi?e iiae?e ia o?e eaoaai???: i???ioiaai? ia
aoeaioe/io eiioeaioe?th ?a?iie e?aa?aee; iaoe?iiae?noe, ye?
a?aenoiththoue o caeaaeiino? a?ae aoi?/ii? i?eiaeaaeiino?,
aocueeiiaoe?iiaeuei? ?ioa?ane nai?o ?anioae?e, ?a?ac?eoe?, na?aae yeeo
aeae?eythoueny i?eoeeueieee i?iaeoo “na?aaeiuei? ?a?iie”, oiaoi
aaiiie?oe/ii? ?aeiino? ?aa?iio c oeaio?ii o I?ia//ei?, oa ?a?ac?eoe?,
i???ioiaai? ia No?ae, oiaoi ia caeeaeaiiy c ?in??th. Na?aae aea/aieo
iaie ?ia?o aeae?eythoueny ioae?eaoe?? na?a?a Ae. Eaea?/a, I. Neie/a, E.
Aeaeiaa, oi?aao?a O. Noie/a, Aoeaaeeiiae/a, neiaaioey A. AEaaea?a oa ?i
.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo aaoi??a, ui caeiaeeny aea/aiiyi eiioe?eoo a
eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.), o a?eueoino? neiioeaio?iaai? ia
aioo??oiueio aniaeo? e?ece, oi?eath/enue eiai i?aeia?iaeii? i?iaeaiaoeee
o?eueee a eiioaeno? ?i?oe?aoea, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeeieiiaoe/ia aai neeiaa
a?aaoethaaiiy (I.Iaeeiianueea, A. Ai?ii?i, I. Eaiaiaoeueeee, N.
Oaaeoiye, I. ?e?na?a) . sseui aiai?eoe i?i a?aei?aaio oi/eo oeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue, oi ia iao iiaeyae, ?e iineoaeeee eiioeaioe?? e?ece,
oa?aeoa?i? aeey aiae?oee?a aoeaioe/ii? i???ioaoe??. Oiio i?e aeai??
nai?o i??i?eoao?a oe?a?inuee? aaoi?e ana ae noeeythoueny aei iiceoe??,
yea aei?aaaeiao? ae?? NOA ? IAOI a eieeoi?e THaineaa??.

Na?aae aeei?enoaieo o aeena?oaoe?? aeaea?ae aeae?eythoueny oae? a?oie :
a) iinoaiiae ?aaee I?ai?/iiaoeaioe/iiai aeueyino;

a) ?aciethoe?? ?AIII;

a) aeaeea?aoe?? ?N, IA?? ? i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, ui a?aeiinyoueny
aei eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa??;

a) i?aceaeaionuee? iineaiiy ? iaoa??aee neooaiue eiia?ano NOA,
iioae?eiaai? a aeueiaian? “Congressional quaterly”;

ae) oiiae Aeaeoii?anueeeo oaiae 1995 ?.

Aei niaoe?aeueii? a?oie caae?yieo aeaea?ae aa?oi a?aeianoe ?ioa?a’th,
aenooie ? ca?oe ia?aae a?iiaaenuee?noth aaciina?aaei?o o/aniee?a iiae?e
o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (Ioaia, Oiea?oea, Oeeiia?iaia, Ieeioaae/a, A?eaea,
aaei??aea Ni?oa, aaia?aea Aaea?aia ? o.ae.)

Iniiaiei e?eoa???i aeiai?o aeaea?ae noaea ?o oaiaoe/ia ? o?iiieia?/ia
a?aeiia?aei?noue i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeoiaey/e c ia??iaeecaoe??
eiioe?eoo, aiae?c aeieoiaio?a cae?enithaaany a oi/iiio o?iiieia?/iiio
ii?yaeeo. O ?acoeueoao? ie iaea?aeaee iiaeeea?noue iino?eii c?noaaeyoe
?aaeueio neooaoe?th a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? c ?aaeoe??th ia ia?
i?aeia?iaeii? a?iiaaenueeino?, e o ia?oo /a?ao NOA. C’ynoaaoe,
iane?eueee oey ?aaeoe?y aoea aaeaeaaoiith e ia’?eoeaiith, aoei iaei??th
c iaoeo aieiaieo caaea/ i?e ?iaio? c aeieoiaioaie. ?ioith
iaeaaaeeea?oith caaea/ath aoei i?inoaaeeoe yeei /eiii NOA aaeaeiny
aieeiooe ia nai?o ?a?iiaenueeeo nithciee?a ? aeei?enoaoe ?oi? coneeey a
iaiao?aeiiio Aaoeiaoiiia? iai?yieo.

I?e caa?oaii? aei aeaea?ae iaoith aieiaiith iaoith aoei i?ecaanoe ?oi?
?icia?ooy aei caaaeueiiai ciaiaiieea, oiaoi nenoaiaoecoaaoe
aeieoiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae a?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaieo ia?aae
aeine?aeaeaiiyi caaea/.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “?iciaae THaineaa??: aioo??oi?e ? i?aeia?iaeiee aniaeoe”
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ia?aa?ao?a.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? aea?oueny noeneee aeneo?n a ?noi??th thaineaanueei?
aea?aeaae, aiae?cothoueny aioo??oi? ? ciai?oi? ia?aaeoiiae aaeeainueeiai
eiioe?eoo.

C iaeyaeo ia e?aeith neeaaei?noue i?aeaoi?/ieo a?aeiinei o THaineaa??,
iaiiaeeeai iieeanoe a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca aeieeiaiiy e?ece ia iaaiee
ia?iae aai, oi/i?oa, eiai iie?oe/io aa?o?aeo. I?aaiaiiy oi?aao?a ?
neiaaioe?a aei naiiaecia/aiiy aoei oe?eeii aei?aaaeaiei ?c iiaeyaeo
?oi?o aaiiie?oe/ieo ?ioa?an?a ? icia/aei iiaa?iaiiy aei noa?e aieeao
I?ia//eie, ia eio?o oe? ia?iaee aoee caaaeaee i???ioiaai?. O oeueiio
?icoi?ii? iiceoe?y Caa?aaa ? Ethaeyie ia’?eoeaii ca?aaeany c ?ioa?anaie
Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie ye eoeueoo?ii oe?e?niiai ?aa?iio i?iaa?iainueei?
ni?yiiaaiino?. I?ioa, aioo??oiy iaoe?iiaeueia iie?oeea oi?aaonueeiai
ea??aieoeoaa, ui i?aaioei ia?aoai?eoe ?anioae?eo ia aoi?/ii iaeii??aeio
oa?eoi??th, i?ae?eaaea aaiiie?oe/io ?aei?noue, yea iai?oeeany o
oeaio?aeueii-?a?iiaenueeiio i?inoi??, iia?iaeoth/e ?icaeoe eiai ia
aoi?/i? i?e?iaea?aeaae. ?aeeiei aeoiaeii ?c i?ioe??/, ye? aeieeee, aoei
ie?ia ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie na?anueei? iaioino? a Oi?aao??, ia ui o?yae
O. Ooaeaeiaia oae ? ia iiaaaeaa i?oe.

Ui noino?oueny iiceoe?? naieo na?a?a, oi ia iao iiaeyae, aiia aoea
iaoiiaeaia oith iai?e?iaeiith aeey naaa ?ieeth, yeo a?aa oeae ia?iae,
ia?aaoaath/e ia /ie? /oaei??aeiiai aaiiie?oe/iiai ooai?aiiy. O aeiaaeeo
aeiai?iii? THaineaa?? na?ae noaee ia’?eoii iai?ioeyoe?e aioei?iaoeueei?
iie?oeee Ia?eaea, ye? ia?aoai?eee thaineaanueeo aea?aeaao ia ni?aaaei?e
aa?’?? ia oeyoo iioe?aiiy i?iaoeueeiai aieeao ia No?ae. A ?iee
eiioi?noe/iiai i?aae?iiy na?ae aeyaeeeny ca?o/ieeaie iaoe?iiaeueii?
iie?oeee Oeoi, aieiaiei aaneii yei? aoei aanei “Neaaea Na?a?y a neeuei?e
THaineaa??”. O ?acoeueoao?, oi?iaeueii ciaoiaey/enue ia /ie? nithco
thaineaanueeeo ia?iae?a, i?yeeo ?aaeueieo aeaiae a?ae naiai noaiiaeaiiy
na?ae oae ? ia iaea?aeaee, i?ioa anoeaee iaaeeoe nia? /eiaei ai?ia?a.
Oiio, eiee i?ney nia?o? Oeoi oeaio?aeueia aeaaea cia/ii ineaaea,
oi?aaonuee? ? neiaainuee? iie?oeee ii/eiathoue aeoeaio aioea?ea?aaenueeo
i?iiaaaiaeo, iae?ath/e aieiaiith i?oaiith “aaeeeina?aneee oia?i?ci”,
yeee a ae?eniino? i?eiee ia iaa iie?oe/ii? neee.

Naiee i?ioean ?iciaaeo THaineaa?? i?iaeaiiino?oaaa th?eaee/io
iaaeineiiae?noue iiiyooy i?i i?aai iaoe?? ia naiiaecia/aiiy. Iayni?noue
oiai, ui ia?aaeaa/a? oea oi?ioethaaiiy — naiiaecia/aiiy aea?aeaae aai
ia?iaeo — iineoaeeea i?eaiaeii aeey iace?/aiieo iie?oe/ieo niaeoeyoe?e ?
aca?iieo oa?eoi??aeueieo i?aoaic?e. sseui i?aai ia naiiaecia/aiiy
?icoi?oe aoeaaeueii, oi iaiao?aeii aaccanoa?aaeii aeciaoe, ui a aiioo
iaioaaiiy “aoiie?ao?e” noa?? aaei?i?no?aoeai? iaae? iio?aaothoue
ia?aaeyaeo. A ?ioiio aeiaaeeo aiie iaieio/a ia?aoai?ththoueny ia
aeaooiiaaacia/io eiioe?eoio ciio, ye oea ? noaeiny ia oa?eoi???
THaineaa??. Iineeaiiy ia i?eioeei iaii?ooiino? iaae ye iaee?auee can?a
caa??aaiiy ie?o a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iaaei?aaaeaia, ine?eueee
a?iiaaeyinueea a?eia ia Aaeeaiao noaea iiaeeeaith naia a ?acoeueoao?
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? iiaeo aea?aeaaieo iaae aei ?aaeueieo oa?eoi??e
iaoeaiiy aoiin?a.

A ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie i?aai?caoe??
i?aeia?iaeii? nenoaie eieaeoeaii? aaciaee i?ney caaa?oaiiy “oieiaeii?
a?eie”. I?ney ?iciaaeo N?N?, NOA, ye ?aeei?e iaaeaea?aeaa?, ui
caeeoeeany ia ieaiao?, iaiao?aeii aoei ia?aaeyiooe naith noa?o ?ieue o
na?oiaeo iie?oe/ieo i?ioeanao. Aieiaiith aia?eeainueeith caaea/ath ia
oeueiio aoai? noa? caa??aaiiy eiio?ieth iaae ?a?iiith, ine?eueee a
i?ioeaiiio ?ac? ?cieueiaaiee Aaoeiaoii iicaaaeyany eeth/iaeo iiceoe?e o
nenoai? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee, ?, ioaea, ao?a/aa nai? e?aea?noai a
?icaoaeia? iiaiai na?oiaiai ii?yaeeo. Ine?eueee naiei iaeaaiaeaeaiei
a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iei nithcii i?ae NOA ? ?a?iiith aoei IAOI, oi naia
/a?ac o?ainaoeaioe/iee aeueyin A?eee Ae?i cae?aany ci?oeieoe ? ?icoe?eoe
na?e aieea ia eiioeiaio?.

I?ioa, ii/aoie eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? noaa aaeaeei i?eaiaeii
aeey ?N i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe naith ni?iiiaei?noue naiino?eii eiio?iethaaoe
neooaoe?th a ?a?ii?. C oeueiai iiaeyaeo eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa??
c iiaiei i?aaii iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye aei?iaoaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nooi
?a?iiaenueeeo ? o?ainaoeaioe/ieo ?inoeooo?a aaciaee. A?ae
?acoeueoaoeaiino? ?oi?o ae?e aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaei iaeaooi?
eiieo?oth/eo IAOI ? ?N/C?N. Ioaea, eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? ia?
aiae?coaaoeny ia ye aocueei?aa?iiaeueia aoi?/ia e?eca, a ye iiaa
c?oeiaiiy ia Aaeeaiao ?ioa?an?a aieiaieo aaiiie?oe/ieo nee no/aniiai
na?oo.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Iie?oeea NOA a aini?enuee?e e?ec? 1992-94 ?.?”
i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo i?aeia?iaeieo ? aioo??oi?o aniaeo?a e?ece a
Aini??, ui ia?aoai?eeany ia aieiaiee ina?aaeie thaineaanueeiai eiioe?eoo
i?ney ?anioae?eainueeiai ?aoa?aiaeoio 1992 ?. Aiae?c oeueiai ia??iaeo
caaa?oo?oueny oeeaaeaiiyi oei/aniaiai ia?aie?’y, aeinyaiooiai ca
iina?aaeieoeoaii Aeae. Ea?oa?a a a?oaei? 1994 ?.

AEi?noea iiceoe?y, caeiyoa NOA a aaeeainueeiio eiioe?eo?, iiynith?oueny
iaiao?aei?noth aeiaanoe aoaeoeai?noue aoeaioe/iiai ia?oia?noaa a
ii??aiyii? c ia??oo/eie ? /anoi iaocaiaeaeaieie ae?yie ?ioeo
i?aeia?iaeieo i?aai?caoe?e (III, IAN?). Ia oii? iaaaea/
cao?aeii?a?iiaeoe?a o a?aaoethaaii? aini?enueei? e?ece, ??oo/? ae?? IAOI
iiaeii? aoee i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ?nioaaiiy aeueyino iaa?oue
o a?aenooiino? a?iiey?iiai i?ioenoiyiiy c eiioi?noe/iith nenoaiith.
Oaaaeiee aiae?c iiae?e ? aeieoiaio?a 1993-1994 ?.? aeicaiey? aeiaeoe
oaiaeaioe?th aei aeei?enoaiiy IAOI ia o?eueee ye ?ino?oiaioa
aia?eeaii-?a?iiaenueeiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a e ye naiino?eio iie?oe/io
neeo, ui aeoiaeeoue c-i?ae eiio?ieth III. THaineaanueea e?eca aia?oa
iinoaaeea i?ae noii?a ae??caeaoi?noue III ye i?aai?caoe??, ui aa?aioo?
ie? ? aaciaeo, c?iaeaoe aeooaeueiei aenoaaiiy ia ia?oee ieai IAOI, a
ioaea ? NOA, ia?aae yeeie a?aee?eaaeany ?aaeueia ia?niaeoeaa
iaeiiiniaiaiai eiio?ieth iaae i?aeia?iaeieie no?oeoo?aie. I?ioa, a
?aae?caoe?? naiai iie?oe/iiai eo?no ia Aaeeaiao aaei?i?no?aoe?y Ee?ioiia
c?oeioeany ?c na?eicieie o?oaeiiuaie. Ii-ia?oa, i?aaiaiiyi
cao?aeii?a?iiaeoe?a ca?eueieoueny a?ae ii?ee NOA i?ney caaa?oaiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie”. Ii-ae?oaa, ?ica?aeiinoyie i?ae i?aceaeaionueeith
aaei?i?no?aoe??th ? eiia?anii ?c i?eaiaeo iie?oe/ii? oaeoeee NOA a
aini?enueeiio eiioe?eo?. Oe?eaai a?aecia/eoe, ui ia ia?oiio aoai? a?eie
iniiaiei noi?ioeaieeii aoeaioe/ii? i???ioaoe?? eieeoiuei? THaineaa??
?icaeyaeaeeny aae i?ye ia na?ae, a oi?aaoe. Iiynith?oueny oea
iaeiicia/iith i???ioaoe??th Caa?aaa ia I?ia//eio, ui aenooia? aieiaiei
aeiiii?/iei, a iioaioe?eii ? iie?oe/iei noia?ieeii NOA a ?a?ii?. Noaaea
aia?eeaioe?a ia ionoeueiai ye i?ioeaaae i?iiineianueeei na?aai ?
i?ii?iaoeueeei oi?aaoai aoea aeeeeeaia naia oeeie i??eoaaiiyie. Aea a
oiae? ?icaeoeo e?ece noaei i/aaeaeiei, ui, iacaaaeath/e ia
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aaiiie?oe/ieo aia?oe?e, I?ia//eia, ye ? eieenue,
caeeoa?oueny i?ae iaae?eiei eiio?ieai NOA ? IAOI, a oi?aaonueea noi?iia
aeey aeinyaiaiiy ia?aiiae aioiaa eoe ia /eneaii? iinooiee. O oie aea /an
aini?enuee? na?ae, /e? ?ioa?ane aoee i?i?aii?iaai? ? NOA ? ?N, ?c
cae/aeieo aocueeiaoi?/ieo iaoe?iiae?no?a ia?aoai?eeeny ia ae?enieo
ai?ia?a aia?eeainueei? iie?oeee a ?a?ii?.

I?icao?aeia i???ioaoe?y O. Ooaeaeiaia e ineaaeaiiy i?iaoeueei?
aeoeaiino? ia Aaeeaiao c?iaeee aeey Aaoeiaoiia iiaeeeaith noaaeo ia
ionoeueiaii-oi?aaonueeee aeueyin o i?ioeaaao na?aai, ui caeeoeeeny a
?cieyoe??.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e “Iie?oeea NOA a aini?enuee?e e?ec? a 1995 ?.”
aeine?aeaeo? iiae?? 1995 ?. aae aei i?aeienaiiy Aeaeoii?anueeeo ie?ieo
oaiae ? aaaaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??th Aini?? a?enuee IFOR.

Aioo??oi? ?ica?aeiino? i?aceaeaionueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? ? eiia?ano
iii?oii iicia/aeeny ? ia i?aeia?iaeiiio ??ai?. A. Ee?ioii, i?aaio/e
caa?aaoe e?aea?noai NOA o a?aaoethaaii? aini?enueei? e?ece, aoa ciooaiee
eaa??oaaoe i?ae ?aaeeeaeueii iaeaooiaaiei eiia?anii ? ia noeeueieie aei
aei?noeeo neeiaeo caoiae?a cao?aeii?a?iiaeoeyie. I?ioa, a aiae?ciaaiee
ia??iae neooaoe?y ?noioii ci?ieeany. Iniiai? ia?oia?e NOA Aaeeeia?eoai?y
? O?aioe?y cia/ii iineeeee nai? iiceoe?? o aini?enueeiio ieoaii?, ui
iinoaaeei A?eee Ae?i o aeinoaoiuei ne?ooio neooaoe?th. sseui ?ai?o
iie?oeea Aaoeiaoiia, ye ? o an?o ?noi?e/ieo ?a?iiaenueeeo a?eiao, aoea
ni?yiiaaia ia oa, uia, aeei?enoiaoth/e o?iainia? ? aeeieiiaoe/i?
aaaeae?, aeoyaoe iaeneiaeueio aeaiaeo c eiioeiaioaeueieo i?iaeai, ii
iiaeeeaino? oieeath/e i?yiiai ao?o/aiiy, oi oaia? iiaeaeueoa aeio?eiaiiy
oe??? oaeoeee ii/eiaei na?eicii caa?iaeoaaoe iiceoe?yi NOA a ?a?ii?.
?aeeiei aeoiaeii ?c aacaeo?aeiiai noaiiaeua, o yeiio, a neeo aioo??oi?o
? ciai?oi?o i?e/ei, iieieeany aaei?i?no?aoe?y Ee?ioiia, aoa aeiei??iiee
ia?aeii o oiae? aini?enueeiai eiioe?eoo, ?aaeueiee o?eueee o aeiaaeeo
i?yii? a?enueeiai? ?ioa?aaioe??. O ?acoeueoao? eiioe?eo, ui o?eaaa
/ioe?e ?iee, aaeaeiny i?eieieoe ca aeiiiiiaith ca?ieiiai ao?o/aiiy IAOI.
Aaei?i?no?aoe?y Ee?ioiia ciiaea ia?aa?aoe nai?o aioo??oi?o ?
i?aeia?iaeieo iiiiaio?a, iaa’ycaoe nai? ?icoi?iiy aini?enueei? e?ece ?,
aieiaia, aeiiiaoeny ie?o, ui a?aeiia?aeaa ?ioa?anai NOA. sse iane?aeie,
oey ia?aiiaa aoea iiaeaia ye aeieac ia?aaaae o?ainaoeaioe/ii? nenoaie
aaciaee, a cia/eoue ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeiino? aia?eeainueei?
i?enooiino? a ?a?ii? a iinoeiioi?noe/iee ia??iae.

O oie aea /an Aeaeoii?anuee? oaiaee, caeeoeaoe iaae??oaieie oe?eee ?yae
ni??ieo ieoaiue, ia iiaee caaacia/eoe a Aini?? ?aaeueiiai ie?o.
Ine?eueee i?n?y III o ?iee a?eie aeyaeeany iaaaeaeith, iniiaiee
eiio?ieue ca aeio?eiaiiyi ie?ieo aeiiiaeaiinoae aoa ocyoee ia naaa
neeaie IAOI. Oaeee iie?oe/iee ?iceeaae oe?eeii oeaooiaoaaa Aaoeiaoii,
i?ioa ia caaeiaieueiya aia?oe?? aeayeeo cao?aeieo aea?aeaa, ui ia coi?ee
ia?aai?ioe caeaaei?noue a?ae NOA a ??oaii? ?a?iiaenueeeo i?iaeai. Ua
a?eueo iani?eyoeeaeie aeyaeeeny oiiae Aeaeoii?anueeeo oaiae aeey ?in??.
Ia ia?aaoaath/e /eaiii IAOI, Iineaa ao?a/aea aoaeue-ye? na?eici? aaaeae?
aieeao ia Aaeeaiao. Oaeee ?acoeueoao iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ye oni?oia
aeey Aaoeiaoiia i?iaeiaaeaiiy e?i??, ni?yiiaaii? ia aeoeniaiiy iniiaiiai
aaiiie?oe/iiai eiieo?aioa NOA c ?a?ac??.

Naia ae Aini?y-Aa?oeaaiaeia, oi?iaeueii caeeoath/enue ?aeeiith
aea?aeaaith, ia i?aeoeoe? aeyaeeany ?icae?eaii? ia aea? iaeaea
iacaeaaei? /anoeie — ?anioae?eo Na?anueeo ? Aini?enueei-oi?aaonueeo
oaaea?aoe?th. Oaeei /eiii, aoea iaeo?ae?ciaaia iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy
Aaeeei? Na?a?? ? ia?niaeoeaa ooai?aiiy a ?a?ii? /enoi ionoeueiainueei?
aea?aeaae. ?ioeie neiaaie, aoee aeeeth/ai? an? aa??aioe, ui caaaaeathoue
aia?eeainueeiio i?inoaaiith ia eiioeiaio. ?ica’ycaiiy oeeo aeaio
i?iaeai ca noeaia???i Aaoeiaoiia icia/aei iiaeaeueoa ?icae??aiaiiy
Aaeeai ia aai?noe/i? i?e?iaea?aeaae, ui eeoaee oa?eoi??th eieeoiuei?
THaineaa?? aeaooiiaaacia/iei ?aa?iiii, ia ni?iiiaeiei o aeinooiiiio aeey
iaeyaeo iaeaooiueiio iiaiioe?iii ?ioaa?oaaoeny aei ?a?iie.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeaathoueny ocaaaeueithth/? i?aenoiee ?iaioe,
aeeeaaeathoueny iaea?eueo aaaii? ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai iiooeo, a oaeiae
iiaeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaii? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iiaeooue aooe aeeeaaeai? o aeaeyae? oaeeo oac:

? Eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.a) ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye
aeiyoeiai aioo??oiueiaaeeainueea i?iaeaia aac o?aooaaiiy
caaaeueiina?oiai? aaiiie?oe/ii? neooaoe??. Ia iao iiaeyae, ?nioaaiiy
thaineaanueei? aea?aeaae aeei?enoiaoaaeiny Caoiaeii ye /eiiee, ui
no?eio? iioe?aiiy i?iaoeueeiai, a i?ci?oa ua a a?eueo?e i???,
?aaeyinueeiai aieeao a I?aaeaiii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?. sseui a ia??iae
i?ioenoiyiiy c I?ia//eiith ? N?N? cao?aei? aea?aeaae aoee caoe?eaaeai? a
caa??aaii? THaineaa?? ia aoaeue-yeeo oiiaao, oi i?ney i?eieiaiiy
i?iaoeueei?, a iio?i ? ?aaeyinueei? aeniain?? oaea iaiao?aei?noue
cieeea. O ?acoeueoao? THaineaa?y, ao?aoeaoe nai? eieeoi? cia/aiiy o
aaiiie?oe/ieo eiia?iaoe?yo, aeyaeeany nai-ia-nai ?c iaena?eici?oeie
aoi?/ieie i?iaeaiaie, ui iaeiie/eeeny ca ?iee ?? ooo/ii i?aeo?eioaaiiai
?nioaaiiy.

? E?ao nithco iaaeiei A?ea?aaea aoa aeeeeeaiee aeaai?ie e ia’?eoeaieie
i?e/eiaie, i?ioa iaieioai? aieiaieie aeioaaooeyie eiioe?eoo na?ae aoee
ia iaioeie aea?oaaie iiai?iieo iie?oe/ieo eiia?iaoe?e o ?a?ii?, i?ae
oi?aaoe aai neiaaioe?, ui iaee a oiae? e?ece i?aeo?eieo ia Caoiae?.

? ?iciaae THaineaa?? i?eca?a aei iiaiai ia?aa?oioaaiiy nee o
I?aaeaiii-No?aei?e ?a?ii?, ui aaoiiaoe/ii aeeeeeaei noia?a/ee na?aae
e?a?i-o/anieoeue ?N ? iinoaaeei a ne?ooia noaiiaeua NOA, ye? i?aaioee
caa?aaoe nai? e?aea?noai ia eiioeiaio?. Oaeei /eiii, eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e
THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.) ia? ?icaeyaeaoeny ia ye aocueei?aa?iiaeueia
aoi?/ia e?eca, a ye iiaa c?oeiaiiy ia Aaeeaiao ?ioa?an?a aieiaieo
aaiiie?oe/ieo nee no/aniiai na?oo.

? Aeei?enoiaoth/e i?ioe??//y ana?aaeei? ?N, ui i?ecaaee aei iaaaea/?
ie?ioai?/i? i?n?? III o eieeoi?e THaineaa??, Aaoeiaoiiia? aaeaeiny
caaacia/eoe i??i?eoao neeai IAOI a ?ica’ycaii? aaeeainueeiai ieoaiiy.
Oey ia?aiiaa icia/aea caa??aaiiy e?aea?noaa NOA a nenoai? eieaeoeaii?
aaciaee, a ioaea, ? iiaeaeueoo caeaaei?noue ?a?iie a?ae o?ainaoeaioe/ieo
ca’yce?a. O oie aea /an Aeaeoii?anuee? ie?i? oaiaee oaeoe/ii ?ciethaaee
a?ae Aaeeai iniiaiiai aia?eeainueeiai aaiiie?oe/iiai eiieo?aioa —
?in?th, ia?aeaeueii ?icoe?eaoe iaae? i?enooiino? IAOI ia Noiae?.

? I?aeienai? a a?oaei? 1995 ?. Ia?ecuee? ie?i? oaiaee cao?enoaaee
oaeoe/iee iiae?e Aini??, ui icia/aa onoaiiaeaiiy no?aoaa?/iiai eiio?ieth
NOA iaae iaiia /anoeiaie oi?iaeueii ?aeeii? aea?aeaae. Io?oe?eia
?aei?noue ?anioae?ee aeicaiey? Aaoeiaoiiia? eiio?iethaaoe an? o?e
aini?enuee? aoiine, ia aeiioneath/e iineeaiiy aeiaeiiai c ieo, a
cia/eoue ? ci?oeiaiiy ia Aaeeaiao iiceoe?e aea?aeaa, ui noiyoue ca ieie.
Oae, aaeeea Oi?aao?y icia/aea a e?aea?noai a ?aa?ii? I?ia//eie, aaeeea
Na?a?y — a?ae?iaeaeaiiy ?in?enueeiai aieeao, nooi ionoeueiainueea Aini?y
— iiaeeeaa i?iieeiaiiy ?neainueeiai ooiaeaiaioaeecio a ?a?iio.
I?enooi?noue IAOI a cii? iioaioe?eiiai eiioe?eoo aeeeth/eei an? oe?
ia?niaeoeae ia ei?enoue aia?eeaioe?a. O?ii?/ia aoi?/ia iai?oaeai?noue o
Aini?? aeicaiey? NOA /a?ac o?ainaoeaioe/iee aeueyin ia iaaecia/aiee /an
i?iaeiaaeoaaoe naith a?enueeiao i?enooi?noue o ?aa?ii?.

? Aeey aea?aeaa ?N ?acoeueoaoe e?ece a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95
?.?.) o aoaeue-yeiio aeiaaeeo ? iaaaea/ath. sseui ioe?ithaaoe
Aeaeoii?anuee? oaiaee ye iiae?e Aini??, oi ia?aae iaie iaao?oia ea?oeia
?icae??aiaiiy ?aa?iio ia aocueeiaoi?/i? i?e?iaea?aeaae cai?noue ?aeeii?
?ioaa?aoe?? a caaaeueii?a?iiaenuee? i?ioeane. I?e ?icoi?ii? Aini?? ye
?aeeiiai i?inoi?o ioneii aeciaoe, ui aeiaeia c? cia/ieo ?a?iiaenueeeo
aea?aeaa ia iiaea ni?ai?aoethaaoe c ?anioae?eith ?iaeoa, i?ae /a?ac
IAOI.

? Iaeiiiniaiaa e?aea?noai NOA a nenoai? eieaeoeaii? aaciaee,
aacaeueoa?iaoeai?noue iaaeaea?aeaae aeicaieythoue Aaoeiaoiiia?
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aoeaioe/ia ia?oia?noai aeey ?ica’ycaiiy aeanieo caaea/,
iaa?oue a iao?ae ?ioa?an?a nithciee?a. Iacaaeiaieai?noue ?a?iiaenueeeo
aea?aeaa ?acoeueoaoii eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.) ?
?oiy /anii aeoaea aei?noiea e?eoeea aia?eeainueei? iie?oeee ia Aaeeaiao
— i/aaeaeia oiio i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy. O oie aea /an eia??oaaiiy aoeaioe/ieo
ca’yce?a ?acii ?c iao?aaoeueiaaieie aioo??oiueieiioeiaioaeueieie
i?ioe??//yie iiee ia aeicaieythoue ?N cai?iiiioaaoe a?aeio aeueoa?iaoeao
IAOI.

? Eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.) noaa i?eaiaeii aeey
noai?aiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaiaiai i?aoeaaeaioo, ye-io: oaeoe/iiai
ia?aeeaaeaiiy ooieoe?e III ia a?enueeiai-iie?oe/iee aeie. Iaaia oe?
ia?aa?oioaaiiy nee iaaoaeooue ?icaeoeo ? iaaeae?, ine?eueee oaiaeaioe?y,
ui iai?oeeany, aei cieaeaiiy ?ie? III o na?oia?e iie?oeoe? i/aaeaeia.

? O ?acoeueoao? Aeaeoii?anueeeo oaiae Aini?y aeyaeeany ua a?eueo ooo/iei
? eiioe?eoiei ooai?aiiyi, i?ae aoea eieenue THaineaa?y. Ea?oaaoe oaeith
aea?aeaaith aac i?yiiai i?aeia?iaeiiai eiio?ieth iii?inoo iaiiaeeeai.
Oiio ? aeciaiiy ca iath noaa?ai?oaoo o na?oia?e iie?oeoe? iiaea iineoe
iiee o?eueee iii?iaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Oaeei /eiii, i?aeoeeo noai?aiiy
aea?aeaa, i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo aaiiie?oe/iei ?ioa?anai a?eueo cia/ieo
aea?aeaa, ua aeaeaei ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe caeeoith.

? Aeei?enoaiiy ?a?iiaenueeeo i?iaeai ? ?aaeeeaeuei? ae?? a e?eciaeo
neooaoe?yo aeicaieeee NOA caa?aaoe e?aea?noai a nenoai? eieaeoeaii?
aaciaee, ui icia/athoue iiaeaeueoa ?icoe?aiiy aia?eeainueeiai aieeao a
?a?ac??.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? AEEEAAeAI?

A OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO

1. Eiioe?eo a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-1995) a nenoai? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei.- Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio, 1999.-24n.

2. ?iciaae THaineaa??: aioo??oi?e oa i?aeia?iaeiee aniaeoe aaeeainueei?
i?iaeaie.-Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio, 1999.-36 n.

3. Iie?oe/i? i?aenoiee eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa??
(1991-95).-Iaeana: Ano?ii?eio, 1999.-32 n.

4. ?iciaae THaineaa??: i?aeia?iaeiee aniaeo // Caienee ?noi?e/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo.-Aei. 8.- Iaeana 1999.-n.319-324

5. THaineaa?y a i?aeia?iaei?e iie?oeoe? // Iaoa??aee 53 iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa iaoeiaeo
?ia?oiee?a IAeO ?i. ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa.-Iaeana: Iaaioeeaio, 1999.- n.89-94.

A I I O A Oe ? ?

Eaioei I.?. Eiioe?eo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95?.?.) o
caaaeueii?a?iiaenuee?e iie?oeoe? NOA. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai
nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 07.00.02 —
anana?oiy ?noi??y — Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?.
Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aiae?co aia?eeainueei? ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee
uiaei eiioe?eoo o eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95?.?.) c oi/ee ci?o
aaiiie?oe/ieo oa no?aoaa?/ieo ?ioa?an?a NOA o ?a?ii? i?ney caaa?oaiiy
“oieiaeii? a?eie”. Aeae?eythoueny iniiai? caaea/? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueei?
iie?oeee NOA a aiae?ciaaiee ia??iae, ?icaeyaeathoueny i?e/eie i?ioa??/,
ui aeieeee ana?aaeei? aoeaioe/iiai nithco, aiae?cothoueny aioo??oi? oa
ciai?oi? aniaeoe eiioe?eoo a eieeoi?e THaineaa?? (1991-95 ?.?.),
aeei?enoaiiai NOA aeey caa?aaeaiiy oa ooaa?aeaeaiiy e?aea?noaa a
o?ainaoeaioe/i?e nenoai? aaciaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiioe?eo, aaiiie?oeea, eieaeoeaia aaciaea, aoiin.

Eaioei A.A. Eiioeeeo a auaoae THaineaaee (1991-95a.a.) a iauaaa?iiaeneie
iieeoeea NOA. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
enoi?e/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.02 — anaie?iay eioi?ey,
Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. E.E. Ia/ieeiaa, Iaeanna, 1999
a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aiaeeco aia?eeaineie iieeoeee a thaineaaneii
eiioeeeoa (1991-95 a.a.) n oi/ee c?aiey aaiiieeoe/aneeo e no?aoaae/aneeo
eioa?ania NOA a Aa?iia iinea caaa?oaiey “oieiaeiie aieiu”. Auaeaeythony
iniiaiua caaea/e iauaaa?iiaeneie iieeoeee NOA a ?anniao?eaaaiue ia?eiae,
?acae?athony i?e/eiu i?ioeai?a/ee, aicieeoeo aioo?e aoeaioe/aneiai
niiauanoaa, aiaeece?othony aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea aniaeou eiioeeeoa a
auaoae Aaineaaee (1991-95a.a.), eniieueciaaiiiai NOA aeey nic?aiaiey e
cae?aieaiey naiae aaaeouae ?iee a o?ainaoeaioe/aneie nenoaia
aaciianiinoe.

Aaoi? i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo i ?aoathuai cia/aiee ainieeneiai e?ecena aeey
aia?eeaineie no?aoaaee a Aa?iia a ia?aie iieiaeia 90o a.a. Aeoeaiia
aiaoaoaeuenoai a thaineaaneee eiioeeeo iicaieeei NOA i?iaeieaeeoue
i?ioeann ?anoe?aiey IAOI e ii?aaaeaoue naia aeaeueiaeoaa aeiaaeueiia
i?enoonoaea a Aa?iia. A aeenna?oaoeee eniieueciaaiu aeieoiaiou
o?ainaoeaioe/aneiai aeueyina, NA III, i?aceaeaioneea iineaiey e
iaoa?eaeu neooaiee eiia?anna NOA, oaeno Aeaeoiiianeeo niaeaoaiee, a
oaeaea aeaeea?aoeee AN e IANA, ioiinyueany e niauoeyi a yen-THaineaaee
(1991-95 a.a.).

Aaoi? aeineiiaeueii eco/aao iaoaieciu i?eiyoey ?aoaiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie
i?aaiecaoeeyie ioiineoaeueii aaeeaineiai e?ecena e aeaoaeueii
aiaeece?oao aeeyiea NOA ia eo oa?aeoa?.

Iao/iay iiaecia aeenna?oaoeee caeeth/aaony a i?eaeiaeueiie eiioeaioeee
thaineaaneiai eiioeeeoa (1991-1995 aa.) eae /anoe iauaai e?ecena
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee.

I?e ?anniio?aiee thaineaaneiai eiioeeeoa iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony
aiaeeco aiaoieo oaeoi?ia, iiaeeyaoeo ia aai yneaeaoeeth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiioeeeo, aaiiieeoeea, eieeaeoeaiay aaciianiinoue,
yoiin.

Lapshin A. E. Conflict in the Former Yugoslavia (1991-95) in general
European US policy. The dissertation is submitted for a scientific
degree of the candidat of historical sciences on speciality 07.00.02. —
world history. Odessa State University, 1999.

US policy in the Yugoslav conflict (1991-95) is analysed from the point
of view of geopolitical and strategic US interests in the post-Cold War
Europe.

The main tasks of the general US European policy are determined and the
reasons of Atlantic Community contradictions are explained.

Interior and foreign aspects of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia
are also analysed.

How the USA used this conflict for maintaining and strenthening of it`s
leading role in the transatlantic security system is discussed.

Key words: conflict, geopolicy, collective security, ethnic.

Caeaii aei neeaaeaiiy . I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo
.

O?c.ae?oe.a?e. 1. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1.07 Oi?iao 60O84/16

Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Iai?? ionaoiee.

Cai ?

Aeaioiaeaii Aeaeaaieoeoaii “Ano?ii??io”

i. Iaeana aoe. I?aia?aaeainueea, 24

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