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Кон’юнктивіти у собак (поширення, патогенетичні механізми, тканинні зміни, раціональні методи лікування): Автореф. дис… канд. вет. наук / О.С. Бродо

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A?EIOeA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

A?IAeIANUeEEE Ieaenaiae? Noai?neaaiae/

OAeE 636.7:617.711-002

EII’THIEOEA?OE O NIAAE

(Iioe?aiiy, iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie,

oeaieii? ci?ie, ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy)

16.00.05. – aaoa?eia?ia o??o?a?y

AAOI?AOA?AO aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

A?ea Oea?eaa – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?enaae/ Aieiaeeie?
Ai?eniae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
o??o?a??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii?
ina?oe, Iaiueei ?aai Naiaiiae/, A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a o??o?a??

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio TH?/aiei Eaii?ae ?aaiiae/,
Oa?e?anueeee ciiaaoa?eia?iee ?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o??o?a??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa 

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee ?inoeooo, eaoaae?a
o??o?a??, i. Iieoaaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 18 ” aa?aciy 1999?. i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.821.02 i?e
A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
256400, i. A?ea Oea?eaa, aoe. Noaaeuainueea, 126; iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ?
5, aoae. ? 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?eioea?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i. A?ea Oea?eaa, Niai?ia ie., 8/1.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 11 ” ethoiai 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe
I.I. Noaaeiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Eii’thieoea?oe o oaa?ei cono??/athoueny ii??aiyii
/anoi ? ia??aeei noi?iaiaeaeothoueny oneeaaeiaiiyie, ye? iiaeooue
i?eaiaeeoe aei ao?aoe ci?o. Na?aae aeiiaoi?o oaa?ei eii’thieoea?oe
iaea?eueo /anoi cono??/athoueny o niaae, ui ? iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue
aea?aii? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

I?iaeaiith eii’thieoea?o?a aaoa?eia?ii-iaaee/i? iaoeia? i?aoe?aieee
caeiathoueny aeaaii. A iniiaiiio ?o coneeey aoee ni?yiiaai? ia
anoaiiaeaiiy ao?ieia??, ee?i?/ieo iniaeeainoae oa e?eoaaiiy caiaeueieo
i?ioean?a niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea, ia?aaaaeii o ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ? eiiae.
I?e oeueiio iica oaaaith aeine?aeiee?a caeeoeeiny aaaaoi aaaeeeaeo
ieoaiue, o oiio /ene? aeyaeeeny iaaeinoaoiuei c’yniaaieie iaoiaaiaoe/i?
iaoai?cie eii’thieoea?o?a oa oa?aeoa? oeaieiieo ci?i niieo/ii? iaieiiee
iea i?e caiaeueieo i?ioeanao, a oaeiae aeaye? iaoiaee ?o e?eoaaiiy o
niaae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Caaaeath/e ia aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeaie, oey ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii caaaeaiiy AeIOI 7 “Caoeno
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei a?ae caoai?thaaiue oa iia?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? i?aia?aoe aeey aaoa?eia???” oa /anoeiith
?i?oe?aoeaii? oaie eaoaae?e o??o?a?? IAO “Eii’thieoea?oe o oaa?ei”.

Iaoa ?iaioe – aea/eoe ee?i?ei-ii?oieia?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo
eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae, aena?oeeoe iniiai? iniaeeaino? ?o ia?aa?ao oa
?ic?iaeoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee oa?ai??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

– c’ynoaaoe aeaee eii’thieoea?o?a, iaea?eueo iioe?ai? o niaae;

– aea/eoe iaoiaaiac iaea?eueo iioe?aieo oi?i eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae;

– aea/eoe oa?aeoa? oeaieiieo ci?i niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea oa noiooi?o
i?enoinoaaeueii-caoenieo aiaoii?/ieo ooai?aiue (caeic, nini/e?a,
oie?eoe?a oiui);

– aena?oeeoe iniaeeaino? e?eoaaiiy niaae i?e iniiaieo ee?i?/ieo oi?iao
eii’thieoea?o?a;

– ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe i?iiiceoe?? aeey aaoa?eia?ii-iaaee/ieo
iooaeueiieia?a uiaei ae?aaiinoeee oa ?aoe?iiaeueieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa o
aaoa?eia?i?e iooaeueiieia?? oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaai?
iaoai?cie caiaeaiiy niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea, ye? ae?aaeathoueny
noaeeiieie ?aaeoe?yie caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, aeeno?io?/ieie ?
i?ie?oa?aoeaieie ci?iaie ai?oae?th eii’thieoeae, iia?e?caoe??th
oeaieiieo iae?ioaa?a, a?ia?ieac??th nini/e?a, oie?eoe?a oa caeicenoeo
ooai?aiue, o?aaeaiiyi iniiaii? neueicii? caeice, ui aeaei ciiao
?ic?iaeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th ? aeeoa?aioe?aeueio ae?aaiinoeeo iaea?eueo
iioe?aieo eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae (eaoa?aeueiee, i?e o?eaaeiio ia?aa?ao
yeiai iiaeeeaa aeieeiaiiy caai?ioo iia?e; ai?eiee oa oeaaiiiiciee
eii’thieoea?o; aoi?eiii-aeeneieaoe?eiee, nini/eiai-oie?eoey?iee;
aeaiaeoey?iee, “nooee”, aea?ii?aeiee eii’thieoea?o oa eii’thieoea?o i?e
noi?iiiueiio o?e?), ?ic?iaeoe, ai?iaoaaoe ? ai?iaaaeeoe ?aoe?iiaeuei?
iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

?ic?iaeaia aeaoaeueia eeaneo?eaoe?y eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae; aea/ai?
ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo eii’thieoea?o?a; ?ic?iaeaii
aeeoa?aioe?aeueio ae?aaiinoeeo oa ?aoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeeeaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
ocaaaeueiai? o iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo, iioae?eiaai? o
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo aeaeaiiyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiaii aanue ianya aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeany ia ia?o?e
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoieia?a
(i. Ee?a, 13-15 eeno. 1996 ?.), ae?oa?e i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie aao. ianeoaia. ae??aieo aeiiaoi?o oaa?ei” (i.
Ee?a, 2-3 aeiao. 1997 ?.) oa ia iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. i?io.-aeee. neeaaeo
oa ani??aio?a OAI IAO (1993-1997 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? o o?ueio noaooyo,
ui aeeoee o aeo?iaeao “Aaoa?eia?ey” (1), “Aaoa?eia?ia iaaeeoeeia
Oe?a?ie” (2) oa iaoa??aeao o?ueio eiioa?aioe?e (3 ioae?eaoe??).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e oa i?iaaaeaii?
eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue ia eaoaae?ao o??o?a?? oaeoeueoao?a
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo, a oaeiae i?e
e?eoaaii? oaa?ei o aaoa?eia?ieo ee?i?eao i?noa Ee?aa oa iaeano?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 39 ?enoieaie oa 5 oaaeeoeyie. Aiia
aeeth/a?: anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c oaie aeena?oaoe??, aeani?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa
i?aeoe/i? i?iiiceoe??. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 119 i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo aaoi??a ? 55 ca?oa?aeieo.

AEA?? IAI?ssIE?A AeINE?AeAEAIUe, IAOA??AEE ? IAOIAeE AEEIIAIIss ?IAIOE

Anueiai aeine?aeaeaii 1126 niaae, a oiio /ene? ee?i?/ii – 1107, o 76
niaae i?iaaaeaii a?iin?th eii’thieoeae, o 49 aeeiiaii o??o?a?/ia
ao?o/aiiy ia iia?eao, o 48 oaa?ei eii’thieoeao oa ne?ci? caeice
aeine?aeaeoaaee i?ney ?o nia?o?.

?ioaineai?noue neueicii? nae?aoe?? aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith i?iae
Oe?ia?a.

A?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi oa?aoaaiiy
aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii oa i?e?iooeneiii ca Aai A?ciiii. A?noio?i?/ii
aeine?aeaeoaaee oa?iaioe (eoaeio oa eeneo oinoaoace) ca iaoiaeii Aiii??.
Ioeea?iia? eeneioe aeyaeyee oieo?aeeiiaei nei?i ca iaoiaeii Aeia?niia.
I?ioaiae?eaie aeine?aeaeoaaee ?aaeoe??th c aeueoe?aiiaei nei?i i?e
??cieo cia/aiiyo ?I ?ic/ei?a. N?aeia? eeneioe a c??cao aeyaeyee ca
iaoiaeii A.I.Iiaeeueii? oa A.Ea?ioa?aee?, c iaoith eiio?ieth i?iaiaeeee
?aaeoe?th “i?eoiaaii?” iaoao?iiac??. Ae?eii?ioa?iia? niieoee ? ae?eiaai
aeyaeyee ?aaeoe??th IAN .

A?noieia?/i?, a?noio?i?/i? oa oeeoieia?/i? iieacieee eii’thieoeae oa
neueicieo caeic aea/aee i?ae na?oeiaei i?e?ineiiii, oioia?aooaaee,
iaea?aeai? oeeo?ia? aeai? ia?iaeyee iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee ca
iaoiaeii ?.A.No?aeeiaa.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AEAIUe OA ?O AIAE?C

A?noieia?/ia oa a?noio?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea eiithieoeae ? ne?cieo caeic
o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo niaae

Eii’thieoeaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaiith ai?eciioaeueiith oa
aa?oeeaeueiith ai?ciii?oi?noth oa i?aaiiith niaoe?ae?caoe??th. Iaea?eueo
neeaaeio aoaeiao ia? eii’thieoeaa iia?e oa neeai?iiy. A ai?oae?aeueiiio
oa?? ooo aeyaeythoueny iie?eai? oa nae?aoi?i? (aieaeiaeaei?) ee?oeie.

Eii’thieoeaa i/iiai yaeoea ae?eoa aaaaoioa?iaei ai?oae??i, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c iie?eaieo ee?oei. Ai?oae?e eii’thieoeae ?ia?aee i?noeoue
ae?eiaai.

A iooeei? aieaeiaeaeieo ee?oei eii’thieoeae niaae aeyaeai? i?ioaiae?eaie
oa ae?eii?ioa?iia? niieoee. Iooeei oi?io? ia iiaa?oi? eii’thieoeae
caoeniee aa??? i?ioe iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

I?aeai?oae?aeueia niieo/ia oeaieia a ae?eyioe? iia?e oa neeai?iiy
i?noeoue cia/io e?euee?noue iiiiioeeaa?ieo oaaioeeo?a (a?no?ioeeo?a), a
oaeiae iiiioeeoe, iae?ioaae oa e?ioioeeoe. Iaeiae iniiaieie ee?oeiieie
aeaiaioaie ooo ? o?a?iaeanoe oa o?a?ioeeoe. Ia aioo??oi?e iiaa?oi?
ieaaeueii? ia?aoeiee aeyaeythoueny nini/ee – aeieiaiiy iooeiai
niieo/iioeaieiiiai oa?o iniiae eii’thieoeae. O iie?ioee?eoeyoi?iiio
e?iaiiiniiio ?one? nini/eia ia?aaaaeathoue aaioee, iaaeiei yeeo
neoi/othoueny iiiiioeeaa?e oa eiioioeeoe. Ia??aeei a nini/eao
aeyaeythoueny eiioaoe/ii aoceeee oeio eiioaoe/ieo inaaaeioieieoeia (aac
naioeeo aa?iiiaoeaieo oeaio?ia) – oieieoee iaeiie/aiiy eiioioeeo?a.
Inoaii? aaaao? ia eeneo oinoaoaco. ?o ooai?aiiy iia’ycaia c ae?aaeaiei
aioeaaiiei iiae?aciaiiyi.

Neueicia oa iiaa?oiaaa neueicia caeice o?aouei? iia?ee iathoue
o?oa/aoi-aeueaaiey?io aoaeiao c /ioeei ?iciaaeoaaiiyi ia ie?aii
aeieueee. A eeioeiieo aeaiaioao ?o aoeiionia aeyaeythoueny iniiaii
noaaei? nae?aoi?iiai oeeeeo – oace neioaco, iaeiie/aiiy, iaiaeiaiiy oa
aeaaaeaiiy nae?aoo (ia?ie?eiiaee oei nae?aoe??). Neueici? caeice o niaae
i?iaeoeothoue ci?oaiee nae?ao, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeyoue eenei
ioeiiieinaoa?eaee (ia?aaaaeii oiiae?i?oeinoeueoaoe), iaeo?aeuei?
iie?naoa?eaee, eao?iii? a?eee oa aeueoa- ? aaoa- niaeiai (iae?aiiiiai)
eeneioe.

Ca?aeii ?nioth/eo oyaeaiue ioeinoanoaioe?? aieaeiaeaeieo ee?oei
eii’thieoeae oa aeaiaeoeioeeo?a neueicieo caeic ooai?ththoue ia iiaa?oi?
niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea ianiaoeeo?/io aioeaaeoa??aeueio oa i?ioea??onio
nenoaie i?ioaeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o o aeaeyae? ie?a/anoiai o?ceei-o?i?/iiai
aa???o ia i?e?iaeieo oeyoao i?iieeiaiiy aaeoa??e oa a??on?a a i?aai?ci
oaa?eie. Aaaeeeao caoenio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue oaeiae ? oa?iaioe
neueiciec caeic, cie?aia a?ae?ie?oe/i?, i?i ui na?ae/eoue aeniea
aeoeai?noue eenei? oinoaoace a oeeoiieaci? eae?eiaeueieo
aeaiaeoeioeeo?a.

Iaoiaaiac ? oeaieii? ci?ie i?e eii’thieoea?oao

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaoaeueiiai ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy 825 niaae aeyaeaii
aeaa’youe oi?i caiaeaiiy niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea o niaae (oaae.1).

Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie ? eaoa?aeueiee (27,76%) oa nini/eiai-oie?eoey?iee
(16,48%) eii’thieoea?oe.

Aino?ee eaoa?aeueiee eii’thieoea?o oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeieeiaiiyi
caiaeueii? a?ia?ai?? a iiaa?oiaaeo oa?ao noaai?oae?aeueii? niieo/ii?
oeaieie, na?iciith aenoaeaoe??th, aeaiie?ia?ecaoe??th iniiaii? ?a/iaeie,
aeaa?aioeyoe?ath ianoioeeo?a (oo/ieo ee?oei). Iae?ioaae iineeaii
oaaioeeoothoue, i?ney /iai a?aei?/a?oueny caoooaiiy caiaeueii?
a?ia?ai??. Ia? i?noea iineeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? aeoeaiino? ai?oae?th
eii’thieoeae ca ?aooiie a?ia?o?io?? oa a?ia?ieac?? aieaeiaeaeieo ee?oei,
a oaeiae cia/ia aeoeaaoe?y neueicii? nae?aoe??.

I?e aino?iio eaoa?aeueiiio eii’thieoea?o? caiaeaiiy iineoue ii?ia?a?/iee
oa?aeoa?. Oeaieii? ci?ie neaai ae?aaeai?, aiane?aeie /iai ia? i?noea
ii??aiyii oaeaeea ii?iae?caoe?y ii?ooaii? o?io?/ii? ooieoe??
eii’thieoeae, o a?aeiiaeaii? yei? cia/io ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue aeoeaiaai?
a?no?ioeeoe (oeaieii? iae?ioaae).

Oaaeeoey 1

Aeaee eii’thieoeaioia oa ?o /anoioa o niaae

Oa?aeoa? iaoieiai/iiai i?ioeano Oi?ia ia?aaiao EieueeinoueA i?ioeaioao
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?Eaoa?aeueiee Aino?ee 229 27,76
I?aeaino?eeO?iii/iee Aiieiee (iiaa?oiaaee) – “ – 86 10,42Ia?aioiiaoiciee
(oeaaiiiiciee) – “ -54 6,54 Aoi?eiii-aeeneieaoeieiee – “ – 107 12,97
Nini/eiai-oieieoey?iee – “ – 136 16,48 Aeaiaeoey?iee (aaeaiiiaoiciee) –
“ – 94 11,39 “Nooee” – “ -77 9,33 Aea?ii?aeiee Aino?ee 19 2,3
Iiaeaino?eeEii’thieoeaio i?e noi?iiiueiio oiei – “ – 23 2,79

O?ii?/iee eaoa?aeueiee eii’thieoea?o a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aino?iai
/anoeiaith aeaneaaiaoe??th iie?eaieo ai?oae?aeueieo ee?oei, iaaiei
ii?ooaiiyi caoenii? aa?oeeaeueii? ai?ciii?iino? ai?oae?th. Oeeoiieacia
aieaeiaeaeieo ee?oei i?noeoue a iniiaiiio IAN-iiceoeai? ae?ei- oa
ioeii?ioa?ie, a eene? ioeiiie?naoa?eaee iaeaea ia aeyaeythoueny. A
oiiaao o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy a ai?oae?aeueieo aeaiaeoeioeeoao
a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie oa?aeoa?o nae?aoe??, aiane?aeie /iai cieaeo?oueny
caoenia caeaoi?noue eii’thieoeaaeueiiai iooeeio.

A i?aeai?oae?aeuei?e niieo/iioeaieii?e iniia? eii’thieoeae
ia?aaaaeathoue cano?eia a?ia?ai?y, na?icia aenoaeaoe?y, iineeaia
a?aeeeaaeaiiy eeneeo ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a, cia/ia aeoeaaoe?y i?noeaaiai
a?no?ioeeoa?iiai ?aca?ao, a oaeiae ai?a?aoe?y c e?iaiiiniiai ?onea
iiiioeeo?a. Iniaeeai ianiaaii? ?io?eueo?aoe?? iiiiioeeaa?aie caciathoue
aiaieua iaeiie/aiiy e?ioioeeo?a o aeaeyae? oae caaieo iani?aaaei?o
oie?eoe?a. O ciiao, aea neoi/aiiy e?ioioeeoa?ieo ee?oei a?aenooi?,
iiiiioeeaa?e ae?acii ?io?eueo?othoue i?aeai?oae?aeueiee oa? o aeaeyae?
aeeoocieo ooai?aiue aaciina?aaeiuei i?ae aacaeueiith iaia?aiith.
?ooeea?, aeaeiaaeaii? oi?ie iiiiioeeaa?e ia??aeei noai?ththoue aonoo
aacio?eueio iano; aeiionea?ii, ui a oeeo aeiaaeeao iiaa eaea i?i
a?ia?a?a?/io oaco o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy.

Aiaieuaaa i?ie?oa?aoe?y oo/ieo ee?oei noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaeiie/aiiyi a
inoaii?o ia o?eueee aenieinoeueoaoiaaieo eeneeo ioeiiie?naoa?eae?a oeio
aaia?eio, aea e oae caaiiai iaeinoeueoaoiaaiiai aaia?ei-iiiinoeueoaoo,
yeee, ye a?aeiii, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ii??aiyii iecueeith
aeaoieneeaoe?eiith caeaoi?noth.

Aeey aeaii? oi?ie eiithieoea?oo oa?aeoa?iei ? ia??aiii??iee oa?aeoa?
caiaeueii? oa aeeno?io?/ii-aeaaaia?aoeaii? ?aaeoe?? a i?aeai?oae?aeuei?e
niieo/i?e oeaiei?. I?ae ai?oae??i, ui cacia? iae?ia?ico, aeyaeythoueny
aiaieua i?ie?oa?aoeaii? ?aaeoe??, yea iaaaaeo? niaith ooai?aiiy
a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie. A neeaae? inoaiiuei? iiaeooue aeyaeyoeny
neoi/aiiy aonoi? iniiaii? ?a/iaeie, neea?ioe/i? yaeua, ui iiaea
i?ecaiaeeoe aei eiio?aeoo?e oa aeao?ao?aoe?? iia?e (iae/ano?oa
ieaeiuei?) c aeieeiaiiyi iaeueiaa?aeueiiai caai?ioo .

Ai?eiee eii’thieoea?o noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeyaeaiiyi ia iiaa?oi?
niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea ia?aaaaeii eieiaeo oi?i i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. A
ai?oae?aeueiiio oa?? aeyaeythoueny /eneaii? i?e?iaeaoaeoe oeio
i?e?ia?ic?e, iaoiiaeai? aeeno?io?/ieie, iae?ia?ioe/ieie oa iae?ioe/ieie
i?ioeanaie a ee?oeiao ai?oae?th. Iniaeeai ae?acii iioeiaeaeothoueny
noaeeie eiithieoeae. Aiie ?icoe?ai?, aonoi iaoa?oe?iaai? ee?oeiieie
aeaiaioaie a?ei? e?ia?, ia?aaaaeii iie?ii?oiiyaea?ieie eaeeioeeoaie.
?ioaineaia i?a?aoe?y inoaii?o noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ae?aaeaiei oaenenii a
a?e ai?oae?aeueii? iiaa?oi?.

Ooieoe?iiaeueii-aaoenia aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a i?e
ai?eiiio eii’thieoea?o? a iniiaiiio ?aae?co?oueny ia iiaa?oi? oa a oiau?
ai?oae?aeueiiai oa?o niieo/ii? iaieiiee iea.

Iinooiiai ai?eia ?io?eueo?aoe?y ci?ith?oueny iae?ioaaaeueiith, ui
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i/euaiiyi eii’thieoeae a?ae caeeoe?a c?oeiiaaieo
ee?oeiieo oa aieieienoeo aeaiaio?a. Niieo/iioeaieiia iniiaa eii’thieoeae
ou?eueith?oueny, niinoa??aa?oueny o?a?iaeanoe/ia oa ai?oae?aeueia
?aaaia?aoe?y. Inoaii?ie ?aaaia?othoue aieaeiaeaei? ee?oeie, aea ?o
e?euee?noue oa nae?aoi?ia aeoeai?noue ua iii?oii a?aenoathoue a?ae
ii?ie.

Oeaaiiiiciee eii’thieoea?o /ano?oa ? iane?aeeii i?ia?anoaaiiy
iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano c ia?aoiaeii ai?eii? ?io?eueo?aoe?? ia a?eueo
aeeaie? oa?e niieo/iioeaieiii? iniiae eii’thieoeae. ?ioaineai?noue
iaeo?io?eueii? ?io?eueo?aoe?? eiithieoeae a oeueiio aeiaaeeo cia/ii
aeua, i?ae o iiia?aaeiueiio. Oa?aeoa?iei ? ae?aaeaia iioe?aiiy
o?iiaiaaneoe?o?a oa ioei?aeia iaaooaiiy o oiau? eiithieoeae.
Aiiiaai?ciaai? eieaaaiia? aieieia ? io/ee caciathoue o?a?eii?aeieo
ia?aoai?aiue. O?a?eii?aei? ci?ie, ye a?aeiii, yaeythoueny oa?aeoa?ieie
aeey ?aaeoe?e aea?a?/iiai aaiaco oa aaaaoueio ?ioaeoe?eieo o?aaeaiue.

sseui o aeiaaeeao ai?eiiai eiiieoea?oo ?oeioaaiiy iaeo?io?eueieo
eaeeioeeo?a a?aeaoaa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii ia iiaa?oi? aai a oiau?
ai?oae?aeueiiai oa?o, oi i?e oeaaiiiiciiio eii’thieoea?o? cia/ia
?oeiaoe?y iie?ii?oiiyaea?ieo eaeeioeeo?a ia? i?noea oaeiae ? a aeeaei?
i?aeai?oae?aeueiiai niieo/iioeaieiiiai i?ioa?eo. A ca’yceo c oeei
aeiionea?ii o/anoue ?o oa?iaio?a o aaiac? iaoieia?/ieo ci?i
niieo/iioeaieiii? iniiae eii’thieoeae, ui ? oa?aeoa?iith ?enith
ia?aio?iaoiciiai (oeaaiiiiciiai) eii’thieoea?oo.

Ia oii? ioei?aeiiai oa o?a?eii?aeiiai iaaooaiiy eii’thieoeae
a?aei?/a?oueny cyyiiy ia?aiiaiaieo e?ioith aaaaoueio e?ioaoe/ieo noaeei,
ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy a?aeo?eaiiy e?ioe a?ae niieo/ii? iaieiiee
iea, a oea ? oa?aeoa?iith ?enith iaoiaaiaco oeaaiiiiciiai
eii’thieoea?oo.

C /anii iae?ioaae ?aci?aothoue oa ooee?cothoue ?aooee c?oeiiaaieo ee?oei
oa aieieienoeo ooai?aiue. A?aeaoaa?oueny i/euaiiy niieo/iioeaieiii?
iniiae eii’thieoeae c ianooiiith o?a?iaeanoe/iith ?aaaia?aoe??th, ia
oii? yei? a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiaa a?aeiiaeaiiy ai?oae?aeueiiai oa?o.

Aoi?eiii-aeeneieaoeieiee eii’thieoeaio aeieea? aianeiaeie aiaeaenaiiy
(aeai??o) ieaeiuei? iiaiee, ui ii?ooo? ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a
i?enoinoaaeueii-caoenieo ?aaeoe?e o oe?e ae?eyioe? eii’thieoeae.
?icaeaa?oueny o?ii?/iee eaoa?aeueiee eiithieoea?o c ioei?aeiei
iaaooaiiyi niieo/iioeaieiii? iniiae eii’thieoeae oa ianooiieie
neea?ioe/ieie ci?iaie. I?ia?anoaaiiy inoaii?o noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ae?aaeaiith aeaoi?iaoe??th iia?ee, ui aaaea aei ii?ooaiiy ooieoe??
anueiai eii’thieoeaaeueiiai i?oea. Ia oaeiio oii? ia??aeei aeieea?
ea?aoeo.

Nini/eiai-oie?eoey?iee eii’thieoea?o noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a?ia?ieac??th
nini/e?a ia aoeueaa?i?e iiaa?oi? o?aouei? iia?ee ? ia?aa?aa?, a iaeiiio
aeiaaeeo, ye nini/eiaee, a a ?ioiio – ye oie?eoey?iee eii’thieoea?o.
I?ae /enoi nini/eiaei oa ae?aaeaii oie?eoey?iei eii’thieoea?oii
aeyaeythoueny ia?ao?aei? oi?ie caiaeueii-a?ia?ieanoe/ii? ?aaeoe?? o
aeaeyae? nini/eiai-e?ioioeeoa?iiai o?ii?/iiai caiaeaiiy.

Iniiao oie?eoey?iiai eii’thieoea?oo neeaaea? ae?aaeaia e?ioioeeoa?ia
?io?eueo?aoeaii-i?ie?oa?aoeaia ?aaeoe?y, yea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy
/?oei ioi?ieaieo e?ioaoe/ieo oie?eoe?a ie?oaei? oi?ie ana?aaeei?
a?ia?o?ioiaaieo nini/e?a. Oe? e?ioioeeoa?i? ooai?aiiy neeaaeathoueny a
iniiaiiio c iaeeo oa na?aaei?o e?ioioeeo?a ? ia i?noyoue na?oeeo
aa?i?iaoeaieo oeaio??a, o ca’yceo c /ei ?o aaaaeathoue iani?aaaei?ie
oie?eoeaie .

Ia aeoieo A.A.Ai?enaae/a (1994), ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy oaeeo
ooai?aiue iieyaa? a cae?eniaii? ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo, cie?aia, e?ea?ii?
(oeeoioiene/ii?) ae??, ni?yiiaaii? i?ioe i?e?ii?aai?ci?a. Iaaei??ia
oeeoioiene/ia aeoeai?noue o ca’yceo c e?ioioeeoa?iith a?ia?ieac??th, ye
??ciiaeaei?noue ia?aaaaeii a?ia?a?a?/ii? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe??,
i?eaiaeeoue aei o?aaeaiiy aeanieo ee?oeiieo aeaiaio?a oa noaeeiieo
no?iie (aooiaa?an?y) eii’thieoeae, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny o?ii?caoe??th
caiaeaiiy.

Aeaiaeoey?iee eii’thieoeaio – nai??iaeia oi?ia eii’thieoeaioo, ui
iieyaa? a i?ieioa?aoei? caeicenoi? oeaieie, aieiaiei /eiii iiaa?oiaai?
neueicii? caeice o?aouei? iiaiee. I?e oeueiio aeyaey?oueny caieueoaiiy a
?icii?i aa?oiaeiai? /anoeie ieaaeueii? ia?aoeiee.

?ic?iuaiiy caeicenoi? oeaieie a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii a?oiueeoaaiiy
aoe?ion?a. Iiainoi?iiaai? ae?eyiee caeicenoi? oeaieie ? oe?eeii
oeiiaeie, aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieie ? iineeaii i?iaeoeothoue nae?ao. Cia/ia
/anoeia e?ioeaaeo a?aeae?e?a ? i?ioie?a ?icoyaiooa nae?aoii ? /anoi
e?noicii ?icoe?aia. Iaeii/anii niinoa??aa?oueny o?aaeaiiy o?yua o?aouei?
iia?ee. Aeyaeythoueny yaeua aiaieuaaiai aai oioaeueiiai oiiae?ie?co,
iaoiiaeaiiai a?ae?ii?/iith aeeno?io??th oiiae?ioeeo?a. Oea ni?ey?
aeaoi?iaoe?? ieaaeueii? ia?aoeiee.

I?e/eiith caoai?thaaiiy ia aeaiaeoey?iee eii’thieoea?o iiaea aooe
?io?eoaaiiy aaeaiia??onaie. A.A.Ai?enaae/ (1996) ?icaeyaea?
aeaiaeoey?iee eii’thieoea?o ye nai???aeio eii’thieoeaaeueio
aaeaiia??onio ?ioaeoe?th. Ia iaoo aeoieo, a iaoiaaiac? caeicenoiai
eii’thieoea?oo ae??oaeueio ?ieue a?ae?a?a? ia no?eueee ca?eueoaiiy a
?ici??? aa?o?aeiai? /anoeie o?aouei? iia?ee ? aeieiaiiy ?? ca iaae?
eii’thieoeaaeueiiai i?oea, ce?eueee e?i?iiaa aeoeai?noue (aeanoeaa
caeicenoei ooai?aiiyi) a?ia?ieaciaaii? oeaieie caeice, cao?eiea nae?aoo
a e?noao c ianooiiei aniieooaaiiyi eae?e?a?io (a?aae?e?i?io) a e?ia oa
e?ioaoe/io nenoaio, a oaeiae aeeooc?y caaaeaieo iaae?aoi??a caiaeaiiy a
iaaeieeoi? oeaieie, ui i?iaieo?, i?ieiiao? oa iineeth? eii’thieoea?o.

“Nooee” eii’thieoeaio aeieea? aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy aai i?eieiaiiy
i?iaeoeoaaiiy neueicii? ??aeeie iniiaieie neueicieie caeicaie.

O neueiciie caeici aeyaeythoueny ae?aaeaii ciiie aoeiionia – /anoeia c
ieo aeia aianeiaeie iineeaiiai i?iaeoeoaaiiy aiae?ieioe/ieo aiceiia,
ia?ea?ii aeoeaiino? yeeo ? ?aaeoe?y ia eeneo oinoaoaco. *anoeia inoaii?o
o oiae? iaaei??iiai iineeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? aeoeaiino? iiai?noth
a?ae?ie?co?oueny ? ia a?noieia?/ieo i?aia?aoao aeyaey?oueny o aeaeyae?
aoeeia?ieo ionoio, ia?aieaieo aacaeueiith iaia?aiith aai no?ieaie
non?aei?o iaeiooeiaeaeaieo aoe?ion?a. sse na?ae/eoue i?aeoeea, oaeee
i?ioean iaiai?ioiee. A?aoo? ianoa? ena?ic ?ia?aee, iaiai?ioia ??
iiiooi?iiy, ?ieiee i?aiaioaoe?y iaeaiioeeoaie. Ae?aaiic noaaeoueny c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?iae Oe?ia?a.

Aea?ii?aeiee eii’thieoea?o iaoiiaeaiee iiae?acithth/ith ae??th
aea?ii?aea. Iaoiaaiia ae?y inoaiiueiai iaoiiaeaia ?inoii aieinny a
eii’thieoeaaeueiiio i?oeo. A?noieia?/ii aecia/a?oueny caiaeueia
a?ia?ai?y, na?icia aenoaeaoe?y, ae?aaeaia iia?e?caoe?y oa aeoeaaoe?y
eii’thieoeaaeueieo a?no?ioeeo?a (iineeaiiy ?ooeeaino? ? oaenen a a?e
ai?oae?th). O?ii?caoe?y caiaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeaci?aai?caoe??th
eieaaaiiaeo aieieii ? iniiaii? i?ii?aeii? ?a/iaeie i?ae ai?oae??i
eii’thieoeae. ?icaeaa?oueny ioei?aeia iaaooaiiy niieo/iioeaieiii? iniiae
eii’thieoeae ia aanue /an ?nioaaiiy aea?ii?aea, ui caeaoia i?ecaanoe aei
neea?ioe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iia?e aai aei iaaii?iiy a ii?iaeiei?
eii’thieoeaaeueiiai i?oea.

Eii’thieoea?o o ca’yceo c? noi?iii?i o?eii. Iiiaaeaiiy a
eiithieoeaaeueiee i?oie noi?iiueiai o?ea ni?e/eiy? caiaeaiiy niieo/ii?
iaieiiee iea, a naia noi?iii? o?ei, ye i?aaeei, ia?ai?uo?oueny i?ae
ieaaeueio ia?aoeieo, aea eiai aeyaeythoue i?e noa?aiiiio iaeyae?.

I?e oeueiio nii/aoeo aeyaey?oueny eaoa?aeueia caiaeaiiy, yea c /anii
ia?aoiaeeoue a ai?eia c on?ia iane?aeeaie. Aaciina?aaeiuei ii?o/ ?c
noi?iii?i o?eii ?icaeaa?oueny ieineiee?oeiia iaoaieac?y ai?oae?th
eii’thieoeae c iciaeaie i?iaeoeoaaiiy ai?oae?ioeeoaie ea?aoeio.
Ea?aoei?caoe?y noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny yaeuaie neea?icoaaiiy
niieo/iioeaieiii? iniiae eii’thieoeae, ui caeaoia ni?e/eieoe
aeaoi?iaoe?th iia?e.

An? caaaeai? aeua oi?ie eii’thieoea?oo ia??aeei noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
nianoe/iei caai?ioii ieaeiuei? aai (oa) aa?oiuei? iia?e. Nianoe/iee
caai??o iia?e cieea? i?e onoiaii? i?e/eie, yea eiai aeeeeeaea.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/eoue, ui o niaae cono??/a?oueny aaaaoi
oi?i eii’thieoea?o?a, eiaeia c yeeo a?ae??ciy?oueny ca nai?ie
iaoiaaiaoe/ieie iaoai?ciaie oa oa?aeoa?ii oeaieiieo ci?i, ui iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy. Aaaaoioi?ii?noue
eiithieoea?o?a o niaae ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?o iioiaaiaoe/iiai
?icaeoeo o ca’yceo c oae caaiith o?c?ieia?/iith iac??e?noth a iiiaio
ia?iaeaeaiiy (ne?iiia?iaeaeoaai? oaa?eie) ? i?ic??aaiiyi o ?aii?e
ia??iae iinoiaoaeueiiai iioiaaiaco (A.A.Ai?enaae/, 1978, 1982, 1991).

E?eoaaiiy eiithieoea?o?a o niaae

E?eoaaiiy eii’thieoea?o?a o niaae i?iaiaeeee c o?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?o
oeaieiieo ci?i oa iniaeeainoae iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a (oaae. 2).

E?eoaaiiy aino?iai eaoa?aeueiiai eii’thieoea?oo aeeiioaaee oeyoii
?inoeeyoe?? a eii’thieoeaaeueiee i?oie e?aiaeue 5%-ai ?ic/eio
aeeiaeneaeo ia 0,5%-iiio ?ic/ei? iiaiea?io (AeI) 6-10 ?ac?a ia aeaiue.
A eiio?ie? canoiniaoaaee e?aie? 3%-ai ?ic/eio oeeieo noeueoaoo oa 10%-ai
?ic/eio iao??th noeueoaoeeeo.

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe eieoaaiiy eii’thieoeaioia o niaae

Eiio?ieue Aeineiae Aeae Eieue-einoueAeii
Aeei-eoaa- Eieue-einoueAeii Aeeieo- ? caoai?thaaiiyoaa?ei
eieoaaiiyeinue, % oaa?eieieoaaiiyaaeinue, %Aino?ee eaoa?aeueiee
eii’thieoeaio 108,7±0,32100 105,5±0,32100 0,05 Aeaiaeoey?iee eii’thieoeaio 1210,25±0,37100
129,92±0,28100 >0,05 “Nooee” eii’thieoeaio 537 ±2,57 – 612,33±1,06100

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