IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO OE?A?INUeEI? IIAE

?aaec??anueea Oaoyia Aaaeei?aia

OAeE 800.852:2-3

Eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i?

aniaeoe oaenoioai?aiiy

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.15 — caaaeueia iiaiciaanoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? nioe?ie?iaa?noeee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei?
iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?eoeei
A?eoi? Ieoaeeiae/, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa
?i.I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ai?iaeiaa Ieueaa
Iao??aia, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e eaeneeieia?? oa noee?noeee aiae?enueei?
iiae Ee?anueeiai e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo;

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?e?o?ia O?ii?eea Ieaen??aia,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iiaiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai ?inoeoooo ia?aeeaaea/?a;

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iauae Ia??y Ieoaee?aia, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo e?iaa?noeee Oe?a?inueeiai iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oiiaeo IAI
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao
?i. ?.O?aiea, eaoaae?a caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa; II Oe?a?ie, i.Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aciy 2000 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.173.01 i?e ?inoeooo? oe?a?inueei?
iiae IAI Oe?a?ie (Ee?a-1, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo (Ee?a-1,
aoe.A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 22 ethoiai 2000 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee e.o?eie.i. A.?.Eena

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe? oeaio?aeueia i?noea
iin?aea? i?iaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaii? ae?yeueiino?, aea/aiiy iiae o
aeeiai?oe? ?? ?aaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oea ni?e/eiy? ?ioa?an aei
eiie?aoieo aeya?a iiaii? ae?yeueiino?, yea cae?enith?oueny o aeaeyae?
??ciiai ?iaeo oaeno?a. O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaa?
i?iaeaia aea/aiiy oaenoo ye eiioi?eaoeaiiai iaoai?cio, ui ? aieiaii?
i?iaeaiith eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee oa e?iaa?noeee oaenoo ia
iei?oiueiio aoai? ?icaeoeo oeeo aeenoeeie?i.

No/aniei aeine?aeaeaiiyi oaenoo aeanoeaee i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee i?aeo?ae,
a yeiio a?aoiaothoueny aeinyaiaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? noee?noeee,
i?aaiaoeee, nai?ioeee, oai??? eiioi?eaoe??, ?eoi?eee, nioe?ie?iaa?noeee.
sseui o 60-70-o? ??. o e?iaa?noeoe? oaenoo ia?aaaaeaee no?oeoo?aeuei?
iaoiaee ? a oeaio?? oaaae aeine?aeiee?a aoee eaoaai??? ca’yciino? oa
oe?e?niino?, a nai oaeno ?icaeyaeaany ye e?i?eia no?oeoo?a, ooai?aia
iine?aeiai?noth iiaieo ciae?a, oi iinooiiai i?ae aieeaii ?aeae iiaii?
i?aaiaoeee oa oai??? aeeneo?no cae?enieeany ia?ai???ioaoe?y ia aiae?c
eiioi?eaoeaieo iciae oaenoo, iia’ycaieo c eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiyi o
noni?euei?e eiioi?eaoe??. Oaeno ii/aa aiae?coaaoeny a eiioaeno?
?ioaioe?iiaeueiino?, oiaoi c iiceoe?e iin?y iiae c eiai eiioi?eaoeaieie,
iaioaeueieie, aeni?aneaieie iio?aaaie o ca’yceo c? no?oeoo?ith
eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo, ui eiai a?aeaeaa? oaeno. Oaeei /eiii,
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaenoo aoei aaaaeaii aei aio?iiioeaio?e/ii? ia?aaeeaie
iieno iiaieo yaeu. A?aeiia?aeii, iinooiiai ci?ieeeny oyaeaiiy uiaei
oaenoo ye ia’?eoa aiae?co: oaeno ii/aee ?icaeyaeaoe ?acii c iciaeaie
eiioaenoo, ui aecia/athoue eiai eiioi?eaoeai?, no?oeoo?i?, ci?noia?,
?eoi?e/i? iniaeeaino?. Caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii oaeiai ?icaeoeo
eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee noaei ?? ia’?aeiaiiy c oai???th aeeneo?no —
aeenoeeie?iith, ui aea/a? nioe?aeueii iaoiiaeai? neooaoe?? aai noa?e
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae.

Eiioeaiooaeueia iiaeeo?eaoe?y eeth/iaeo iiiyoue noi?iaiaeaeoaaeanue o
e?iaa?noeoe? oaenoo iinooiiaei ?icoe?aiiyi aii??e/ii? aace
aeine?aeaeaiue oeyoii caeo/aiiy aei aiae?co aeaaeae? a?eueoi? e?eueeino?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo eaoaai??e oaeno?a, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny aeieeiaiiyi
iiiyoue eeano, oeio, aeaeo oaenoo. Oaeei /eiii, iei? aeieeee i?aenoaae
aeey ia?aoiaeo ia iiaee, aeuee ??aaiue aiae?co, a yeiio oaenoe ??cieo
eaoaai??e, ui ooai?ththoue iaaiee o?aaiaio oaenoiaiai oi?aa?noio,
iinoathoue ye ia’?eo nenoaiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy iiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Oea
aeicaiey? iinoaaeoe i?iaeaio eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy eiioi?eaoeaii?
i?e?iaee oaenoo a ca’yceo c i?ioeanii oaenoioai?aiiy, iiaeaethaaiiy
iiaii? ae?yeueiino? o ??cieo oeiao aeeneo?n?a ia iniia? aaciai? iiaeae?
eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoa e caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? eiiieaeniee iien
? iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy ye aeaeo iiaii? ae?yeueiino?,
iai?oanoiaaii? o oaenoiaeo iaeeieoeyo ??cieo nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaieo noa?.
A?aoiaoth/e iaiao?aei?noue aiae?co oaenoioai?aiiy ye ia ??ai? oaenoiaiai
oeio, oae ? ia ??ai? eiie?aoiiai oaenoiaiai ei?iono, ie aeoiaeeii c
oiai, ui i?ioean iiaoaeiae oaenoiaiai oeio aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie,
caeeaaeaieie a no?oeoo?? iiaeaeueii? neooaoe?? oaenoioai?aiiy, ye? aeey
iin?y iiae iathoue iae?aaoi?iee oa?aeoa?, o oie /an ye ia i?ioean
oaenoioai?aiiy ia ??ai? eiie?aoiiai oaenoiaiai ei?iono aieeaathoue
oaeiae /eneaii? oaeoi?e, coiiaeai? eiie?aoieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie noa’?eoa
oaenoioai?aiiy (iiaii? iniaenoino?), cie?aia, eiai eiioi?eaoeaiith
eiiiaoaioe??th, oa iciaeaie eiie?aoii? iiaii? neooaoe??. Oaeei /eiii,
aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a oaenoioai?aiiy o ??cieo oeiao aeeneo?n?a aeeeoo?
iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

— anoaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o ca’yceo i?ae no?oeoo?ith
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? oaenoioai?aiiy, c iaeiiai aieo, oa
iniiaieie iai?yieaie iiaoaeiae oaenoo ?acii c eiai eiie?aoieie
i?aaiaoe/ieie, naiaioeei-neioaene/ieie, iii?iaoeaieie iniaeeainoyie, c
ae?oaiai;

— aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo no?aoaa?e ye oei?a iiaii-ieneaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?,
aeanoeaeo oaenoioai?aiith;

— ?ice?eooy ?ie? noa’?eoa a i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy oaenoioeio oa ia?aa??ea
a?iioace i?i i?aaiaoe/ia ?icoa?oaaiiy noa’?eoa iiaii? ae??;

— aiae?c ?ie? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? noa’?eoa oaenoioai?aiiy oa ??
aieeao ia ??ci? ??ai? oi?ioaaiiy oaenoo;

— aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae naiaioe/iith ? i?aaiaoe/iith
i?aenenoaiaie oaenoo;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo aeanoeainoae iaaieo oaenoiaeo oei?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea
aeena?oaoe?? iia’ycaia c ?icii/aoeie a ?inoeooo? oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie nioe?ie?iaa?noe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie. Ie?ai? ?icae?ee
aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiai? a ?aieao oai
“Nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe iiaii? eiioi?eaoe?? (1991-1993), “Oai?aoe/i?
i?iaeaie nioe?ie?iaa?noeee” (1994-1996) a?aeiia?aeii aei ieai?a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa
cae?eciaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a oaenoioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? ia iaoa??ae? oaeno?a ??cieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo eean?a. C
iiaeyaeo aea/aiiy iiaii? ae?yeueiino? anoaiiaeaii iniiai? oeie
eiioi?eaoeaieo no?aoaa?e, aeanoeaeo noa?? iiaoaeiae oaenoo. A eiioaeno?
iaei??? c eeth/iaeo caaaeueiie?iaa?noe/ieo i?iaeai uiaei iaae? i?ae
naiaioeeith ? i?aaiaoeeith aecia/athoueny aiae?oe/iee oa neioaoe/iee
oeie i?aaianaiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? oaenoo c a?aei?iiei oa?aeoa?ii
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae a?aeiia?aeieie neeaaeiaeie oaenoo. C iiceoe?e
oaenoioai?aiiy ooi/ith?oueny iiiyooy oaenoiaiai oeio, yea
i?ioenoaaey?oueny a aeine?aeaeaii? iiiyooth eiie?aoiiai oaenoiaiai
ei?iono. Aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? c iiaeyaeo eiioi?eaoeaii?
e?iaa?noeee i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oaeeo aeae?a oaeno?a, ye iaioa?e,
aoi?ecie, uiaeaiieee, aioeeeeiiaae??, aeia?aeieee.

Oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeeiiaii? ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue aianie o ?icaeoie oai???
iiaii? ae?yeueiino? a aniaeo? i?iaeaie oaenoiai? eiioi?eaoe?? o i?inoi??
aaaaoiaei??ieo nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ca’yce?a. C oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iiai
iiaeyaeo aaaeeeaei ? i?iiiiiaaiee aeaianiaeoiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy
oaenoo ia ??cieo ??aiyo ocaaaeueiaiiy — ia ??ai? oaenoiaiai oeio ? ia
??ai? eiie?aoiiai ei?iono oaeno?a. Aeey no/anii? naiaioe/ii? oai???
nooo?aei ? aecia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae naiaioe/iith oa i?aaiaoe/iith
i?aenenoaiaie a iiaoaeia? oaenoo. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e noai?aii? aoc?anueeeo i?ae?o/iee?a oa iin?aiee?a c
oai?aoe/iiai iiaiciaanoaa, oai??? iiaii? eiioi?eaoe??,
nioe?ie?iaa?noeee, e?iaa?noeee oaenoo oa aeeeaaeaii? a?aeiia?aeieo
eo?n?a ? niaoeeo?n?a. Aiie iiaeooue aooe a?aoiaai? o aeaea?eeiciaa/eo
nooae?yo, ye? aeei?enoiaothoue oaeno ye aeaea?aei ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii?
?ioi?iaoe??, a oaeiae o i?aeoeoe? aaeineiiaeaiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a
oaenoiai? eiioi?eaoe?? oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?? aoaeoeaiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iane?aeeii
naiino?eii? i?aoe? aeena?oaioa. Iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, iaienaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaia?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee ?inoeoooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, can?aeaiiyo oa iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
a?aeae?eo nioe?ie?iaa?noeee ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, ia
O?? I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai naiaioe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
“Oaeno ? iaoiaeeea eiai aiae?co” (Oa?e?a, 1994), i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaa oioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa” (Ee?a,1995), O??
I?aeia?iaeiiio c’?cae? neaa?no?a (E?ae?a, 1998), Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Naiaioeea, neioaeoeea, i?aaiaoeea iiaeaii?ai?
ae?yeueiino?” (Euea?a, 1999), ia i?aeia?iaeieo, ananithcieo,
?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo (Oaee?i, 1983, Iineaa, 1985; Iineaa,
1986; Iineaa, 1987; Iineaa, 1988; ??aaai, 1988; Iineaa, 1989; Iineaa,
1990; Iineaa, 1991; Ee?a 1991; I’yoeai?nuee, 1992; Ee?a, 1996; Euea?a,
1996; Nio?y, 1996; Oa?e?a, 1997; Ee?a, 1997; Ee?a, 1998; Euea?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?e iiiia?ao?? “Oaeno ye can?a eiioi?eaoe??” (11,5 ae?oe.
a?e.), 21-?e iaoeia?e noaoo?, ye? aeaeaii o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 17-oe noaooyo ? oacao, iioae?eiaaieo o
iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

A?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeaiiy eiiieaeniiai iieno e iiaeaethaaiiy iaoai?ci?a
oaenoioai?aiiy iaoa??aeii aeey aiae?co noaee o? oeie oaeno?a, ye?,
ii-ia?oa, ? iaaeinoaoiuei aai cian?i ia aea/ai? a iaaeao iiaiciaa/eo
aeenoeeie?i, ii-ae?oaa, ? ?acoeueoaoii neeaaeii? aa?aaeueii-eiai?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa, ?, ii-o?ao?, iaeaaeaoue aei ??cieo
nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaieo noa?. Oea ia?aaaaeii oe?a?inuee? oa ?in?enuee?
iaoeia?, iaoeiai-iiioey?i?, iaoeiai-?aoa?aoeai? oaenoe, ?aoeaic??,
?iciia?aei? oa aoi?enoe/i? oaenoe, iaioa?e, eenoe, uiaeaiieee,
aioeeeeiiaae?? oa aeia?aeieee. Aiae?c oaenoiaiai iaoa??aeo a ia?oiio
?icae?e?, i?enay/aiiio iaoeia?e eiioi?eaoe??, cae?enithaaany ia iniia?
160-oe iaoeiaeo noaoae c o?einio??, a?ieia??, o?i??, iaoaiaoeee, 120-oe
?aoa?ao?a c i?iaeai e?aa?iaoeee oa ?ioi?iaoeee (cie?aia aeo?iaeo
“Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y”), iaoeiai-iiioey?ieo eiea oa noaoae ca
ia??iae 70-80-o ??. Aeey aiae?co aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeno?a aoei
ii?aoeueiaaii aeia?aeieee e aioeeeeiiaae?? c ??cieo i?aaeiaoieo aaeocae
60-80-o ??. I?e aea/aii? eiioi?eaoeaieo iniaeeainoae oa i?ioeano
oaenoioai?aiiy aoi?enoe/ieo oa ia?aoeaieo oaeno?a, a oaeiae oaeno?a, ui
a?aeaeaathoue ??ci? aniaeoe i?eaaoii? eiioi?eaoe??, niaoe?aeueii
?icaeyaeaeenue oaenoe O.Ea?ioooei, A.E?ioeiai, A?.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea,
eenooaaiiy I.A?oaaey, N.?aoiai?iiaa, I.E.Oienoiai, niiaaaee I.Aaioa,
I.Eioeoey, uiaeaiieee O.Oaa/aiea, N.?o?aiiaa, N. Oai??aa oa ?i.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao ?iaioe noaiiaeyoue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
no/anii? iiaii? i?aaiaoeee (Aeae.Na?e, A.A?aen, Aeae. E?/), nai?ioeee
(TH.I.Eioiai, O.Aei), e?iaa?noeee oaenoo (O. aai Aeaee, A.Aeooae,
?.?.Aaeueia??i, I.I.Iauae, I.I.Ai?iaeiaa, TH.N.Eacaaiee), oai???
iii?iaoe?? oa caaaeueii? naiaioeee (I.Ae.A?oothiiaa, I.A.Iaaeo/aaa,
TH.N.Noaiaiia). Iniiaiei iaoiaeii aeine?aeaeaiiy oaenoioai?aiiy ia ??ai?
oaenoiaiai oeio ? iiaeaethaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??
noai?aiiy oaeno?a iaaiiai eeano oa eiioi?eaoeaieo no?aoaa?e noa’?eoa. Ia
??cieo aoaiao ?iaioe canoiniaothoueny oaeiae iieniaee oa ii??aiyeueiee
iaoiaee.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa nieneo oeeoiaaieo
aeaeaiue, yeee ? aeiaeaoeii aei iniiaiiai oaenoo aeena?oaoe??. Iiaiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 359 n., aeiaeaoie — n.385 — 390.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Oaeno ye ia’?eo eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee” i?enay/aii
aiae?cia? iniiaieo aoai?a ?icaeoeo no/anii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo,
aaiethoe?? iiaeyaeo ia oaeno ? aeeeaaeaiith oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
iieiaeaiue, ia yeeo ??oioo?oueny aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ?icaeoeo
no/anii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo, ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy yei? ye ie?aii?
iiaiciaa/i? aeenoeeie?ie i?eeiyoi iicia/aoe e?ioeai 50-o – ii/aoeii 60-o
??., iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeaa ia??iaee. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (60-o? — ii/.70-o
??.) i?ia?aeiei a aiae?c? oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaenoo aoa i?aeo?ae,
noi?iiaaiee no?oeoo?aeueiith ia?aaeeaiith, a iaaeao yei? oaeno
?icaeyaeaany ye i?aaeiaoiee noaoe/iee ia’?eo, ui ?iceeaaea?oueny ia
/anoeie, eiaa?aioia iiiaeeia ?a/aiue. Oeae i?aeo?ae ia?aaeaa/aa aea/aiiy
oaenoo oeyoii aiae?co eiai eiiiiiaio?a — aacaoe?a, i?aeo?aciaeo
ca’yce?a, oaii-?aiaoe/ieo iine?aeiaiinoae, aiaoi?e/ieo no?oeoo?,
iaoai?ci?a naiaioe/iiai iiaoi?o (I.A.Iaaeo/aaa, N.E.A?iae?i,
A.Ae?annea?, A.Iaeae, C.Oi?aeo), i?ae aieeaii ?aeae aaia?aoeaii?
a?aiaoeee noai?thaaeeny a?aiaoeee oaenoo (ss.Iaoao?, ?.Oa?aaa), a oaeiae
naiaioeei-?ioi?iaoe?ei? iiaeae? oaenoo, iaiao?aei? aeey ?ica’ycaiiy
i?eeeaaeieo caaaeaiue (A.O.Nei?ioiaeueei, ?.I.Naaai, A.?.Aa?cii,
TH.N.Ia?oaiueyiia).

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?icaeoeo e?iaa?noeee oaenoo, ii/aoie yeiai i?eiaaea?
ia na?aaeeio 70-o ??., i?ae aieeaii ?aeae iiaii? i?aaiaoeee,
nioe?ie?iaa?noeee, eiai?oeaii? ineoieia?? iinooiiai cae?enieeany
ia?ai???ioaoe?y ia aea/aiiy oaenoo c iiceoe?e iiaii? ae?yeueiino?. Oaeno
ii/aa aiae?coaaoenue ye eiioi?eaoeaiee oa??, neeaaeia e?iaainai?ioe/ia
ooai?aiiy, ui ?ioaa?o? a nia? ia?ac iicaoaenoiai? ae?eniino?,
eiioi?eaoeaio ae?th, niaoeeo?/io oi?iaeueio no?oeoo?o; aei
eiioeaiooaeueiiai aia?aoo e?iaa?noeee oaenoo oa?eoee iiiyooy ?eieooe?y
(?ioaioe?y) oaenoo, oaenooaeuei?noue, ?ioa?oaenooaeuei?noue,
aae?aniaai?noue (oaeoi? aae?anaoa) oa ?i.

Na?aae aieiaieo iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo e?iaa?noeee oaenoo 70-90-o ??. ne?ae
iacaaoe: 1)iai?yi, noi?iiaaiee aeine?aeaeaiiyie eiie?aoieo oaenoiaeo
eean?a (iaoeia?, aacaoi?, ?aeeaii?, ae?eia?, ooaeiaei? oaenoe,
iaieioaiiy, ano?ieia?/i? oa aeiiii?/i? i?iaiice, eicoiae, ooaeiaeiy
e?eoeea oiui), caaaeyee /iio cia/iith i??ith aoea ?icoe?aia aii??e/ia
aaca e?iaa?noeee oaenoo e iiaeeaeaii oyaeaiiy uiaei
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ??cieo oaeno?a (TH.E.Eaa?i,
A.A.Eyioiiaa, A.?.Iaiaeeaa, I.I.Iauae, A.A.??coi, A.Aoae?, A.A?inna,
I.Ia?oai, ?.?aoiaea?, I.Aieoae), a oaeiae ni?iaaie noai?eoe
eeaneo?eaoe?? oa oeiieia?? oaeno?a ca eiioi?eaoeaii-eiai?oeaieie
iciaeaie (A.Caiae?a, A.Aa?e?o); 2)iai?yi, o yeiio oaeno aea/a?oueny a
?ioaioe?iiaeueiiio oa ?aoeaioeaiiio aniaeoao, ui aeicaiey? iieacaoe
caeaaei?noue a?ae ieo aeai?o no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo iniaeeainoae oa
iiaiinoee?noe/ieo cania?a a?aeiia?aeiiai oaenoo (I.I.Aeaenaiae?iaa,
E.I.Aaneeue?a, N.?.Iaeneiia, E.Neaaai?iaenueea, A. Oaeae??aa,
E.I?na?eiaa); 3)iai?yi, iia’ycaiee c iiooeii oa aecia/aiiyi aieiaieo
oaenoiaeo eaoaai??e – caaaeueiioaenoiaeo, /anoeiaeo, iaia’yceiaeo oa
oaeoeueoaoeaieo, iioieia?y yeeo coiiaeaia eaoaai??aeueieie iciaeaie
iaeaaeieo oaenoia? iaeeieoeue – iiaeaeuei?noth, ?aoa?aioe?ei?noth,
i?aaeeeaoeai?noth, aecia/ai?noth-iaaecia/ai?noth (I.I.Ai?iaeiaa,
?.?.Aaeueia??i, O.A.Iaoa??aa, I.Noaiaiia); 4)iai?yi, o iaaeao yeiai
oaeno ?icaeyaea?oueny ye can?a i?aeeoeueoo?ii? eiioi?eaoe??, aea
iniaeeai? aaae iaaoaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy oeo eaoaai??e oaeno?a, ui
ooieoe?iiothoue o ??cieo aoiie?iaaieoeueoo?ieo ni?eueiioao, i?ioa
?ai?acaioothoue iaeei oei aeeneo?no (iaaee/iee aeeneo?n, aeaaeai?/iee
aeeneo?n); ooo iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaia ia aeine?aeaeaii?
aoiie?iaa?noe/ieo noee?a ni?eeoaaiiy, aoi?/ieo iiaeaii?aeo noa?aioei?a
i?e iaienaii? oaenoo, ?ie? eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae i?e oi?ioaaii?
eiioi?eaoeaieo no?aoaa?e (I.E.?yaoeaaa, I.Ae.Oaaeoea?, AE.-E.Aaaeei,
I.Eeaei, A. Aeooae, I.?aaeai, E.Eiia); 5)iai?yi, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy
oaenoo a iaaeao eiioi?eaoe?? iaaiiai oeio a ca’yceo c iaaiei aeeneo?nii
ye nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaiith noa?ith, yea aeaoa?i?io? iciaee oaenoo, ui
ooieoe?iio? a i?e (?.?.Eiaooiiaa, N.?.I?e?o?ia, ?.I.Eieaaa?aa).

O oe?eiio no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeaiue oaenoo a aniaeo? eiai
eiioi?eaoeaieo aeanoeainoae ne?ae noa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ye i?iaeiaaeaiiy
aoaio noaiiaeaiiy: iii?e cia/iee aianie o ?icaoaeiao e?iaa?noeee oaenoo
?ica?aeie, i?enay/aieo eiie?aoiei oaenoiaei eeanai ?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei i?iaeaiai, caeeoathoueny iaiienaieie /eneaii?
oaenoia? eeane, ye? caeiathoue aaaiia i?noea a nioe?aeuei?e eiioi?eaoe??
(?aeeaii? oaenoe, ae?eia? aeieoiaioe, niiaaaee), oe?iea aa??thaaiiy
niinoa??aa?oueny e o aeei?enoaii? anueiai oa?i?iieia?/iiai aia?aoo, ui
a?aeaeaa? iaaeinoaoith eiioeaiooaeueio noi?iiaai?noue oe???
aeenoeeie?ia?ii? noa?e. Na?aae i?iaeai, ye? aein? ia i?eaa?ioee
iaeaaeii? oaaae, ne?ae oaeiae iacaaoe i?iaeaio oaenoioai?aiiy, ine?eueee
a aeeoioii?? “i?iaeoeoe?y – ?aoeaioe?y oaenoo” ia?aaaaa a?aeaea?oueny
naia i?iaeai? ni?eeiyooy oaenoo (E.Aaocaiaean, A.A. ??coi, TH.I.Ni?ie?i,
I.Ae.Oaeea?, I.??ooaoa?).

O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? aena?oeaii iniiai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oae, iaiao?aeiith iaoiaeieia?/iith ia?aaeoiiaith
aiae?co oaenoiaeo noa?, oaenoioai?aiiy, iaoai?ci?a ?aoeaioe?? oaenoo oa
?ioeo i?iaeai o iaaeao eiiieaenii? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy eiioi?eaoeaii?
i?e?iaee oaenoo ia? aooe ?ic??ciaiiy aeaio i?eioeeiiai a?aei?iieo ??ai?a
aiae?co oaenoo, ye? i?iiiio?ii iaceaaoe eoeueoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iei oa
nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iei. Ia eoeueoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iiio ??ai? oaeno
aiae?co?oueny ye aeaiaio eoeueoo?ii-nai?ioe/iiai i?inoi?o, ui
ni?aa?aeiineoueny ?c neiaie?/ieie oe?iiinoyie, eia?/ieie ca’yceaie.
Oaeno ?icaeyaea?oueny ye iin?e caaaeueiinenoaiieo aeanoeainoae ?
iaeaaeeoue aei nenoaie oaenoiaeo oei?a, eiie?aoi? iai?oanoaioe yei?,
aoaeo/e caniaaie eiioi?eaoe??, ooai?ththoue eoeueoo?iee i?ino?? ?
a?aeaeaathoue eoeueoo?io iai’youe iiaii? ni?eueiioe. Oiio iniiaiei
ia’?eoii aiae?co ia oeueiio ??ai? noa? oaenoiaee oei — ?iaa??aioia
oaenoiaa iaeeieoey, ye?e a?aeiia?aea? iaaiee eiiieaen
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ieo oiia oaenoioai?aiiy, ui aecia/athoue i?ia?aio
ii?iaeaeaiiy oaenoo oa eiai ?aeaaaioi? iciaee.

Ia nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiio ??ai? aiae?co oaeno iinoa? ye aeaiaio
eiie?aoiiai nioe?aeueiiai i?inoi?o, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aecia/aieie
i?inoi?iai-/aniaeie iaaeaie, eiie?aoiei nioe?aeueiei eiioaenoii, iaaieie
oe?ii?nieie onoaiiaeaie oa iiaiith e eiioi?eaoeaiith eiiiaoaioe??th
iin??a iiae — /eai?a a?aeiia?aeii? nioe?aeueii? ni?eueiioe. sseui
aea/aiiy oaenoo ia eoeueoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iiio ??ai? a ?aeaae? ia?aaeaa/a?
ao?ii?/iee i?aeo?ae, iaaia aano?aaoaaiiy a?ae eiie?aoieo iicaiiaieo,
?noi?e/ieo, nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaieo ?aae?e, oi iien oaenoo aai eiie?aoiiai
ei?iono oaeno?a ia nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiio ??ai? icia/a? a?aooaaiiy oeo /e
?ioeo ia?aiao??a nioe?aeueiiai eiioaenoo c /aniaeie eii?aeeiaoaie.
No/ani? ?ica?aeee c e?iaa?noeee oaenoo oe? aeaa i?aeoiaee ia?aaaaeii ia
?ic??ciythoue, ui iiynith?oueny ?ioaa?aeueiith i?e?iaeith oaenoo. Iaeiae
i?ioenoaaeaiiy aeaio ??ai?a aiae?co, ye aeaea?oueny, ia?
ooiaeaiaioaeueia cia/aiiy, ine?eueee aeicaiey? aeyaeyoe onoaeaia,
iaeaaeia aei eoeueoo?ii? iai’yo? iiaii? ni?eueiioe ? i?eaianaia
ciai?oi?i nioe?aeueiei eiioaenoii, eiie?aoieie ianoaaeiaie aoooy
nioe?oio.

I?ioean oaenoioai?aiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny iaie a iaaeao nenoaie oaenoiai?
eiioi?eaoe?? – ye iaeia c ?? oac, ii?yae ?c oacith ?aoeaioe?? oaenoo, a
oa?i?i “oaenoiaa eiioi?eaoe?y” aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iicia/aiiy
eiioi?eaoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui cae?eniththoueny ca aeiiiiiaith o?eueee
ienaiieo oaeno?a, oiaoi i?e iiina?aaeeiaaiino? eiioi?eaoeaiiai eiioaeoo.
A oaeiio oeoia/aii? oaenoiaa eiioi?eaoe?y i?ioenoaaeaia aaciina?aaei?i
eiioi?eaoeaiei i?ioeanai, ? a oeueiio ?? a?aei?ii?noue a?ae iiiyooy
oe?oiai ianyao – aeeneo?no.

I?e aea/aii? oaenoioai?aiiy ? oaenoo a eiioi?eaoeaiiio aniaeo? aeo?aeiei
? oaeiae iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui oaeno caa??aa? o nia? ?ioi?iaoe?th ia
o?eueee i?i o?aaiaio ea?oeie na?oo, a e i?i eiioi?eaoeaio neooaoe?th,
yea eiio a?aeiia?aea? ye caniaia? eiioi?eaoe?? (TH.I.Eioiai,
A.A.Noaiaiia). Oiio i?e iien? e iiaeaethaaii? iiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?e
oaenoioai?aii? ie aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui oaeno “i?noeoue o nia? cai?iooo
nenoaio an?o eaiie eiioi?eaoeaiiai eaioethaa” (TH.I.Eioiai), oiaoi
iaoa-?ioi?iaoe?th noiniaii nai?o i?aaiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a. Oey ?ioi?iaoe?y
a i?aoe? i?aaenoaaeaia oeyoii iieno iiaeaeueii? neooaoe??
oaenoioai?aiiy, ui neeaaea?oueny c eiioi?eaoeaiiai noa’?eoa, aae?anaoa,
ia’?eoa, eiioi?eaoeaii? iaoe oa ?i., ye? a i?ioean? oaenoioai?aiiy
iaaoaathoue noaoono iae?aaoi?ieo /eiiee?a iiaoaeiae oaenoo. Ii?yae c
ieie i?ioean oaenoioai?aiiy aeaoa?i?iiaaiee ? ae??th oaeoeueoaoeaieo
(noa’?eoeaieo) /eiiee?a – eiioi?eaoeaiith (noee?noe/iith, oaenoiaith)
eiiiaoaioe??th noa’?eoa, oeaico?ith, aeaeaaie/eie aeiiaaie,
iaoa??aeueiith iai?oanoaoe??th oaenoo. Ae?y iae?aaoi?ieo /eiiee?a oi?io?
a?aeiia?aeiee oaenoiaee oei – eiino?oeo, ui ni?aa?aeiineoueny c oaeeie
iiiyooyie iieno iiaii? nenoaie, ye oiiaia, ii?oaia ia i?ioeaaao ?o
eiie?aoiei ?aae?caoe?yi o iiaeaii?. Oiio i?e iien? ?ie? iae?aaoi?ieo
/eiiee?a oaenoioai?aiiy (2-e –5-e ?icae?ee) i?aaenoaaeaii i?aeo?ae aei
oaenoo ia eoeueoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iiio ??ai?, aea a oeaio?? oaaae ia?aaoaa?
iiaeaeueiee i?ioean oaenoioai?aiiy ? iaaiee oaenoiaee oei. Iien ?ie?
oaeoeueoaoeaieo (noa’?eoeaieo) /eiiee?a, cie?aia ?ie? eiioi?eaoeaii?
eiiiaoaioe??, ia?aaeaa/a? ?icaeyae ei?iono oaeno?a c eiie?aoiith
?noi?e/iith ao?eaooe??th a ca’yceo c ?aae?yie iiaii? neooaoe?? (6-e
?icae.).

?ioei aeooaeueiei aeey aiae?co iaoai?ci?a oaenoioai?aiiy iieiaeaiiyi ?
aeneiaeaia TH.N.Noaiaiiaei aeoiea i?i ?icoa?oaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaiiai
noa’?eoa a i?ioean? iiaii? ae?yeueiino? (TH.N.Noaiaiia. A iieneao
i?aaiaoeee: i?iaeaia noauaeoa // Ecaanoey AI NNN?. Na?. eeo. e yc. 1981.
– O.40. -?4. –N.325 – 332.). O aaaaoianiaeoi?e oaenoioai?/?e
ae?yeueiino?, yea iia’ycaia c ?aae?caoe??th aaaaoueio ooieoe?e,
i?aaiaoe/ia ?icoa?oaaiiy noa’?eoa eiioi?eaoe?? aeyaey?oueny ia o?eueee a
oiio, ui noa’?eo ia? ??ci? i?aaiaoe/i? noaoone i?e iaienaii? oaeno?a
??cieo eaoaai??e (iaoeiaa noaooy, i?eaaoiee eeno, niiaaaee, aei?o/aiiy),
a e oiio, ui aeeiioth/e o eiiieaeniiio oaenoioai?/iio i?ioean? ??ci?
oeie iia?aoe?e, noa’?eo aenooia? o a?aeiia?aeieo i?aaiaoe/ieo ?ieyo, ye?
“i?iiiio?” eiio neooaoe?y iiaoaeiae oaenoo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oaenoia? caniae iaoeiai? eiioi?eaoe?? a aniaeo?
oaenoioai?aiiy” ?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeo?ea i?aai?caoe?? oa iaoai?cie
oaenoioai?aiiy o iaoeiaiio aeeneo?n?. Iaoeiaee aeeneo?n iai?oanoo?oueny
e o oi?iao aaciina?aaeiuei? eiioi?eaoe??, ? ca aeiiiiiaith oaenoiaeo
ienaiieo oai??a, ye? ne?ae aeciaoe aeii?ioth/ith oi?iith ?aae?caoe??
iaoeiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy (ii?. i?eaaoia ni?eeoaaiiy). Aei niaoeeo?/ieo
iciae eiai i?aai?caoe??, ui aieeaathoue ia iiaoaeiao oaeno?a, ye?
ooieoe?iiothoue o iaoeia?e eiioi?eaoe??, iaeaaeaoue: onoaiiaea ia
aeeiai?/ia iaeiie/aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, aiane?aeie yei? oaenoiaee oa??, ui
ianeoaiao? iaoeiao eiioi?eaoe?th, aoaeo?oueny ca iiaeaeeth aeoo
iia?aeiieaiiy; iiaecia oa iao?ea?aeuei?noue ?ioi?iaoe??, ui
ia?aaea?oueny; cia/ia ieoiia aaaa iaoaeiioi?eaoe??, yeo ooai?ththoue
i?ioeaaeo?e ioe?iee oa naeaeoe?? oaeno?a; iiina?aaeeiaaiee eiioaeo
eiioi?eaio?a oa ?i.

Iaoai?cie oaenoioai?aiiy ?icaeyioo? ia iaoa??ae? oaenoiaeo oei?a
iaoeiai? noaoo?, ?aoa?aoo, iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo. O iaoeiaiio
aeeneo?n? i?aaenoaaeaii aea? eaoaai??? oaeno?a iaoeiai? noaoo?, ui
?ic??ciythoueny ca ia’?eoii oa eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/iith neooaoe??th
?o iiaoaeiae: (1) oaenoe, a yeeo eiioi?eaoeaiei ia’?eoii aenooiathoue
i?iiiceoe?? iaioaeueieo aeo?a, ui ni?aa?aeiinyoueny, cie?aia, c
iiaeonaie aaaaeaiiy (aiae. belief), oa (2)oaenoe, ia’?eoii yeeo ? iaaia
iicaiiaia neooaoe?y – aenia?eiaio, aea iniiaiee iiaeaeueiee iia?aoi? –
iiaeon ciaiiy. A?aei?ii?noue ca oeiaie ia’?eo?a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
??ciei ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi oaenoo oa aeine?aeieoeueei? oace, ui ia?aaeo?
eiai noai?aiith, a oea aieeaa? ia ?iciiae?e i?aaiaoe/ieo ?ieae o oeeo
oaenoao – “aaoi?a-e?aaoi?a”, yea aeii?io? i?e iiaoaeia? oaenoo (1), oa
“a?aei?aaieea ?ioi?iaoe??”, ui ? i?ia?aeiith aeey oaeno?a (2), a oaeiae
aecia/a? ??cia a?aeiioaiiy aaoi?noaa o oeeo oaenoao. sseui oaenoai oeio
(1) aeanoeaa onoaiiaea ia?aeiioaaiiy, aeiaaaeaiiy, ? aiie a i?ioean?
oaenoioai?aiiy ?icaeaathoue iiai? caniae, ui ianeoaiaothoue oea
eiioi?eaoeaia caaaeaiiy (oe?eeii ynii, ui…, ia aeeeeea? noii?ao, ca?aene
aeieeaa?, ui…), oi a oaenoao oeio (2) aeii?io? onoaiiaea iia?aeiieaiiy,
yea ia ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy iiaieo cania?a aieeao ia aae?anaoa,
iaoii?noue iio?aao? /?oei? no?oeoo?aoe?? oaenoo caaaeyee oi?ioaaiith
noaoaeno?a, /anoi c ie?aieie caaieiaeaie, aeei?enoaiith iaoaoaenoiaeo
aeaiaio?a (Oaia?ue ia?aeaeai e oi?ioee?iaea caaea/e i e?aoiie iieiioa).
Iaei??th c iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiaiai oaenoo ? iaaia
iaeo?ae?caoe?y oaeoi?a aae?anaoa ye oaenoioai?/iai /eiieea oa c?inoaiiy
?ie? ocono, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? oo iaoeiao ni?eueiioo, aea ooieoe?iio?
oaeno. Naia eiie?aoiee ocon aaeeeith i??ith aecia/a? oa?aeoa? aeeeaaeo,
noeeueia? ii?ie, iiai? caniae iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, i?eeiie oeeooaaiiy,
ioi?ieaiiy iineeaiue, i?eeiyo? o iaaiiio iaoeiaiio e?iaaieieaeoea?.

I?e noai?aii? ?aoa?aoo – oaenoo aoi?eiiiai iio?aeiiai oeio, ye iieaco?
aiae?c eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??, noa’?eo ii?aeio? aea? ?ie?:
?ieue “aiii?ia”, yeee aoaeo? a?aeiia?aeue ia ai?no ia?aeiiiai
(iaoeiaiai) oaenoo, ? ?ieue “?aaeoeoi?a”, ae?yeuei?noue yeiai iia’ycaia
c ?aaeoeoe??th ia?a?iaethaaiiai oaenoo. A ?acoeueoao? oaenoioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? eiioi?eaoeaiiai noa’?eoa o oeeo ?ieyo aei ?aoa?aoo
caiineoeiooueny a?aeiiino?, ye? a?aeaeaathoue iniiaiee ai?no aeo?aeiiai
oaenoo, e a?aeiiino?, ui ?o ?aoa?aio aeae?ey? ye aaaeeea? c eiai
iiaeyaeo. Aei ?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee neooaoe?? oaenoioai?aiiy iaeaaeaoue
eiioi?eaoeaia iaoa noeneiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai (aacioe?iiiai) ae?aaeaiiy
ci?noo ia?aeiiiai oaenoo, a oaeiae iaaia iaeo?ae?caoe?y oaeoi?a
aae?anaoa. O ?acoeueoao? oaenoioai?aiiy, ui cae?enith?oueny ca oaeeo
oiia, ?aoa?aoeaiee oaenoiaee oei oi?io?oueny c aaoieiioi?eaoeaieo (ca
A.Aania?iaei) ?a/aiue, oiaoi eiioi?eaoeaii caaa?oaieo iaeeieoeue. Oea
iaaea? ?aoa?aoia? aeaeyaeo oi?iaeueii ia ca’yciiai oaenoo, iai?.:
I?iaiaeeony n?aaiaiea nouanoaothueo ycueia ?aeyoeeiiiuo aac aeaiiuo.
Auaiae aeaeaaony a iieueco ycuea SEQUEL. I?eaiaeyony e?eoa?ee
i?eiaieiinoe ycuea aeey iienaiey aeaiiuo ia eiioeaiooaeueiii o?iaia.
Iienuaathony niiniau o/aoa ia?aie/aiee ia iaieioee?iaaiea aeaiiuie.

Aei ?ioeo iciae ?aoa?aoeaiiai oaenoiaiai oeio, coiiaeaieo i?aaiaoe/iith
neooaoe??th oaenoioai?aiiy, iaeaaeaoue ia?ea?e ?aoa?aoeaiino?
(?icaeyiooi, i?iaiae?ciaaii, iiaoaeiaaii, iienaii), oaiaeaioe?y aei
ou?eueiaiiy o?ace, eiai nieneiaee (ia?ae?eiaee) oa iii?iaoeaiee
oa?aeoa?, iia’ycaiee c ooieoe?iiaeueiith iiiceoeai?noth ?aoa?ao?a
iaoeiaei oaenoai.

Aiae?c eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? iiaoaeiae
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo aeyaea, ui oa?aeoa?enoeee ?? neeaaeiee?a
a?aecia/athoueny iaaiith iaocaiaeaeai?noth, yea coiiaeth? aa?enoe/iee
oa?aeoa? oaenoioai?aiiy ? iio?aao? aaaaeaiiy aei oaenoo aeiaeaoeiaeo
iiaieo cania?a aeey caaacia/aiiy eiioaeoo c aae?anaoiith aoaeeoi???th.
Iiioey?ecaoi? o i?ioean? iiaoaeiae oaenoo aeeiio? ?ieue “?ioi?iaoi?a”,
yeee iaaea? aae?anaoia? a?aeiiino? uiaei ?nioth/eo aeenoeeie?ia?ieo
ciaiue, “aenie?eaoi?a”, eio?ee iiynith? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, oa?i?ie,
iiiyooy, ? ?ieue “eiioaeo-o?aaa?a”, yeee o i?ioean? oaenoioai?aiiy
caaacia/o? a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue eiioi?eaoeaiiai eiioaeoo c aae?anaoiith
aoaeeoi???th. Naia c inoaiiueith ?ieeth iia’ycaii aaaaeaiiy aei
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo iiooaeiiai iaoai?cio eiioaeoo, yeee
noai?th?oueny oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy,
aiioe?eii caaa?aeaieo iiaieo cania?a (Aaaeue yoi, ii nooe aeaea, oa aea
naiua aeieoiaiou, aaaeue eiiee-oi auiieiaiu ia aoiaaa), aacaoieo ee?oa
(aeoaieee niune, iaeno?aaeiay iio?aaiinoue, iaoaea?aeeiue ?ino),
ae?aeia?caoe??th aeeeaaeo oa i?eeiiaie ?io?eaoaaiiy /eoa/a: 1)O /eoa/a,
iaaooue, aaea aeieeei ieoaiiy: ye aea oea oae, ia iiia?aaei?o noi??ieao
… 2)Oi/, caea?oueny, /iio ooo aeeaoaaoenue? Ia aeeeeea? ae o ian
iiaeeao, ui… 3)sseee a?i — oeae iaeneiaeueiee ia??iae? Ne?eueee ?ie?a
iiaea aeeoe ethaeeia? Inoaoi/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia oea ieoaiiy iiee ui
iaia?.

Oaenoioai?aiiy, oaeei /eiii, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ooo e?eueeiia neeaaeiaeie
— ?ioi?ioaaiiyi, iiyniaiiyi, i?aeo?eieith eiioaeoo, ye? iai?oanoothoueny
o a?aeiia?aeieo aeeneo?neaieo oi?iao. Iai?eeeaae, ?ioi?ioaaiiy
ao?eth?oueny ? o o?aaiaioao, ui ia?aaeathoue aeenoeeie?ia?ia ciaiiy, ? o
o?aaiaioao i?i ?noi??th a?aee?eooy, noinoiee a/aieo, aeieth aeiaoiaeo,
ye? caeaa?eueoiai iai?oanoothoueny o aeeneo?neai?e oi?i? ?iciia?ae? c
?a/aiiyie ?io?iaeoeoeaiiai oeio: Aeiey oeueiai aenia?eiaioaoi?a ia aoea
eaaeith. Aiane?aeie ii?aeiaiiy a oeueiio i?ioean? ??cieo oaenoioai?/eo
neeaaeiaeo iaoeiai-iiioey?iee oaenoiaee oei ii?iaeaeo?oueny ye
aeeneo?neaii iaaiiiaaiiee ca aeei?enoaiiyi iiaieo (eaene/ieo,
neioaene/ieo) cania?a, aeanoeaeo iaoeiaei oaenoai (iai?., oa?i?ie,
neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe??) ?iciiaiiio oa aacaoii-ioae?oeenoe/iiio
iiaeaiith. Oaea iiaoaeiaa iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa?
eiai ?aoeaioe?? ? oaeoe/ii i?ia?aio? iaiaaeai?noue eiai aoaeoeaiino? ye
caniao eiioi?eaoe??: /eoa/ ye iin?e eiie?aoiiai eiioi?eaoeaiiai
aeina?aeo ia aoaea ni?eeiaoe a oaeno? oo eiai /anoeio, yea ia
a?aeiia?aea? eiai ciaiiyi, oyaeaiiyi, niaeo. A oeueiio iieyaa? iaeia c?
niaoeeo?/ieo eiioi?eaoeaieo iniaeeainoae iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoiaiai
oeio.

A oe?eiio aiae?c iaoai?ci?a oaenoioai?aiiy o iaoeiaiio aeeneo?n? aea?
ciiao eiinoaooaaoe, ui ?icaeyioo? oaenoia? oeie ca nai?ie
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ieie aeanoeainoyie a?aeiia?aeathoue, c iaeiiai
aieo, canaaeai oa i?aai?caoe?? iaoeiai? eiioi?eaoe?? ye iaei??? c
nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaieo noa?, a c ae?oaiai, — /eiieeai oaenoioai?aiiy,
caeeaaeaiei o ?o iiaeaeueieo eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ieo neooaoe?yo, ye?
aecia/athoue iniiai? iai?yie iiaoaeiae oaenoo, a?aea?? iii?iaoeaieo
cania?a oa cania?a caaacia/aiiy eiioaeoo.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “Oaenoia? iiaeeeaino? iiaeaii?aeo aeai??a” i?enay/aii
aiae?co eiioi?eaoeaieo aeanoeainoae ?iciia?aeieo oa aoi?enoe/ieo
oaeno?a, ye? aaiaoe/ii iia’ycai? c iaaieie iiaeaii?aeie aeai?aie (
I.Aaoo?i, E. E?en?i, A. Aaaeaeoeueea). A.Aaaeaeoeueeith cai?iiiiiaaii
iien iiaeaii?aeo aeai??a c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiith iath naiaioe/iith
iiaith (Wierzbicka A. Genry mowy//Tekst i zdanie. – Wroclaw; Warszawa. –
1983. — S.125-137.), iaie ae ?iciia?aeiee oa aoi?enoe/iee oaenoe
i?iaiae?ciaaii /a?ac ?o eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i? neooaoe??.

?icaeyae eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? ?iciia?ae? (aiae.
story-telling) c aeaiia o/anieeaie aeicaieea aecia/eoe ?? iniiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee: iaio?oe?eiee (neiao?e/iee) oa?aeoa? a?aeiinei
eiioi?eaio?a; aeieeaaei?noue ye iciaea eiioi?eaoeaii? ae??; i?acoiioe?y
i?i iiia?aaei? ciaiiy ?noi??? — ia’?eoa eiioi?eaoeaii? ae??;
ianiiioaii?noue iiaeaiiy. Iie?eiioi?eaioia neooaoe?y ?iciia?ae?, eiee
?iciia?aeue i???ioiaaii ia a?oio in?a, a?aecia/a?oueny ?ioeie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, c-iii?ae yeeo ne?ae iacaaoe: naiioe?ii?noue
iiaeaii?ai? ae??; iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiaiai a?aeiioaiiy “iiia?aea/ —
ioae?ea”; noaoone o/aniee?a eiioi?eaoe?? ye iin??a iaaii? o?aaeeoe??
?iciia?ae?. Oaenoiaa ao?eaiiy ia?aoeaii? iiaii? ae?yeueiino? ?icaeyiooi
ia i?eeeaae? iiia?aeaiue A.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea; iaie iieacaii, ui a ieo
a?aeaeoi iie?eiioi?eaioio neooaoe?th ?iciia?ae?, yea ?ai?acaioo? iaaio
eiioi?eaoeaio o?aaeeoe?th c i?eoaiaiieie ?e aeeneo?neaieie oi?iaie.

Eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino? aoi?enoe/ieo oaeno?a i?iaiae?ciaai? a aniaeo?
niaoeeo?ee ?o i?aaianaiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? oa eiioi?eaoeaii? ae??, ui
?? a?aeaeaa? oaeno. Aoi?enoe/iee oaenoioei, ui iioiaeeoue a?ae
iiaeaii?aiai aeai?o “aeneiaeaiiy naioaioe??” c ia?eiaaiith caaaeyee
iciaoe? “aaoi?eoaoi?noue” iiceoe??th noa’?eoa, eiee aaoi?eoaoia /oaea
neiai a?ae/oaa?oueny ye aaaii?oa, i?ae “nai?” (I.A.Ia/eianueea),
?icaeyaea?oueny ia i?eeeaae? iaenei Ea?ioooei oa aoi?eci?a A.E?ioeiai.
Ooo iieacaii, ui eiioi?eaoeai? neooaoe??, ye? iiaeaeththoueny oeeie
oaenoaie, o aaaaoueio aniaeoao i?ioeeaaei?. Oae, iaeneie Ea?ioooei
cae?eniththoue iaeiini?yiiaaio eiioi?eaoe?th, iaoe?eaio ia canai?iiy
aae?anaoii iaaii? ?noeie, yea oi?ioeth?oueny o aeaeyae? oi?aa?naeueiiai
(aaia?ae?ciaaiiai) aeneiaeaiiy, ui ia? i?aaiaoe/io iciaeo
“eaoaai?e/i?noue”: Notre humeur met le prix a tout ce qui nous vient de
la fortune. On ne donne rien si liberalement que ses conseils.
Aae?anaoia noi?iia ooo nooi ?aoeaioeaia, ianeaia. Noa’?eoii-aae?anaoi?
a?aeiineie iiaeaeththoueny ye aeenoaioi?, iicaaaeai? oai?euey?iino?.
Aoi?ecie A.E?ioeiai (Iia aiai?eea aac oiieeo, ae ia i /ai auei
iie/aoue./ *aeiaae n o?aiy ?oeaie: aeaa naieo e iaeia a o?anoa./
Ii/eii/iay ianoa?neay /eieea oieueei i?aiyonoaey caeac/eeai)
iiaeaeththoue ?ioa?aeoe?th ye ae?aeia i?ae aeaiia ??aiii?aaieie
ia?oia?aie, yeeo ca’ycothoue iaaeenoaioi? a?aeiineie, iaeaaei?noue aei
iaeiiai i?e?ina?oo oa ciaiiy aeeoo?ai? aii??eee. sseui iaeneie Ea?ioooei
cae?eniththoue eiioi?eaoeaio ae?th, ni?yiiaaio ia ?acoeueoao, oiaoi
ci?io oyaeaiue aae?anaoa, — iin?y iiae, uiaei naiaioeee eiioeaio?a
ii?ae?, oi aoi?ecie A.E?ioeiai iiaeaeththoue eiioi?eaoeaio ae?th,
ni?yiiaaio ia i?ioean, yea ??oioo?oueny ia ai?ciaaaii? ciaeiiiai,
aeeth/aii? aae?anaoa o ae?aeia, iiaio a?o. Iaeiae, iii?e ??cieoeth
eiioi?eaoeaieo iaoai?ci?a, oe? oaenoe oi?iothoueny caaaeyee
iaeneiaeuei?e ?iei?ii?aoe?? i?aaiaoe/ii? i?aenenoaie oaenoo o
naiaioe/io, ine?eueee iii?iaoeai? iaeeieoe? ? eiino?oeoe??,
i?aaenoaaeai? o oeeo oaenoao, noathoue iin?yie i?aaiaoe/ieo cia/aiue,
iia’ycaieo c eaoaai?e/i?noth, anoaoecaoe??th aai oai?euey?ecaoe??th
neiaa oiui.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “I?eaaoia eiioi?eaoe?y o oaenoao” i?iaiae?ciaaii
iniaeeaino? iiaoaeiae oaeno?a, iia’ycaieo c? noa?ith i?eaaoii?
eiioi?eaoe??, — iaioa??a, eeno?a ? uiaeaiiee?a. Iaioa?iee oaenoiaee oei
?icaeyaea?oueny ye ?acoeueoao iiaoaeiae oaenoo c onoaiiaeith ia
a?aeia?aaeaiiy i?ioeano niiaaae?a, oiaoi eiee aei neeaaeo
eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? oaenoioai?aiiy aeiaea?oueny
eiiiiiaio “iai’youe”, yeee noa? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii oaenoioai?aiiy ?
aecia/a? ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae aeey iiaoaeiae oaenoo, oae ? ??
ia?aa?a. Ae?yeuei?noue iai’yo? aenooia? ooo noeioeyoi?ii oa
eaoae?caoi?ii aa?aaeueii-eiai?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa
oaenoioai?aiiy, yeee io?eio? aea? iae?aaoi?i? i?aaiaoe/i? ?ie? —
“iiia?aea/a” oa “caaaeoaa/a”. Oae, “iiia?aea/” ?aae?co? ooieoe??
i?aai?caoe??, aii?yaeeoaaiiy iiia?ae? oa ca’ycie c /eoa/ai. A?i iioeao?
aeeth/aiiy aei oaenoo oeo /e ?ioeo a?aeiiinoae, caa?oa?oueny aei
aae?anaoa, iiynith? a?aeoiaee a?ae iniiaii? e?i?? iiia?ae?, iai?.: E
Iaoa?ao?ao y aoaeo aica?auaoueny a naieo ainiiieiaieyo ii anyeiio
iiaiaeo — eae aethaeaiiue e i?aaeiaoo naiaai iaiaeaiey (I.Aaioa), E
iioiio y i?yii ia?aeaeo e oiio, /oi iia aua inoaeinue aeineacaoue
(A.Ianoa?iae), Ii y ioaeaeeanue io iaoaai i?acaeieea (O.Eocueieinueea).

?ieue “caaaeoaa/a” — ia?aeiia uiaei eia?ee neooaoe?? niiaaae?a —
a?aeia?aaea?oueny o oaenoioai?aii? a iia?aeiieaiiyo i?i naio ?iaioo
iai’yo?, ?? aeanoeaino?, noeioethth/o ?ieue o oeueiio i?ioean? aai iaai?
eaeoie: iai’youe i?aeeaco? iai?, ui…, iane?eueee y iai’yoath…,
caaaeo?oueny o oeueiio ca’yceo, ooo ia iai’youe i?eoiaeeoue iaeei
ai?ciae, oey caaaeea i?aeeaco?. Iai?eeeaae: 1)sseui y caaiai?ea i?i
neae?iiy “ia nieieoe?”, oi o?aaa caaaeaoe ? i?i ?io? ea?e, ye? ia ian
iaeeaei ia/aeuenoai, 2)Ae?oao iieiaeio 1892-ai ? ia?oo 1893 ?ieo, eiee y
aoa o o?aoueiio eean?, y aeia?a ia iai’yoath (I.Eioeoeue). sseui
“iiia?aea/” aiineoue o oaeno ?aoe?iiaeueia ia/aei, oi “caaaeoaa/”,
iaaiaee, — noeo?ei?noue. Oaenoioai?aiiy i?e oeueiio noa? i?ioeanii, yeee
cae?enith?oueny caaaeyee iiia?ai?iiei aeoe?yi “iiia?aea/a” oa
“caaaeoaa/a”, a eia?ea iiaii? ae?yeueiino? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ?icaeoie
oaenoo ??oioo?oueny ia iaii??aeueiiio c/aieaii?, aiane?aeie /iai oaeno
iaaoaa? aaeeoeaii? no?oeoo?e.

Aea?? aeeneo?neaieo oi?i o iaioa?ao, i???ioiaaieo ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy
?iaioe iai’yo?, aecia/a?oueny cia/iith i??ith iaiaaaiiyi ciaeoe
aa?aaeuei? caniae aeey ?ai?acaioaoe?? oeo ea?oei, ui caa??aathoueny a
iai’yo? iaioa?enoa ? aeooae?cothoueny o i?ioean? caaaeoaaiiy (a?coaeueia
?ioi?iaoe?y), yeee ni?aa?aeiineoueny c iiaeaii?aei aeai?ii “niiaaaee
aaiein”, iienaiei A.Aaaeaeoeueeith. Oea iiai? ?ano?ne, ui caaacia/othoue
eiie?aoi?noue o ?ai?acaioaoe?? iiae?e, yaeu, ethaeae, i?aaeiao?a e
aeoea?cothoue o iaioa?i?e iiia?ae? cia?aaeaeuei?noue (ii?. iiiyooy
iieniaino? ye aeeneo?neaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaenoo, ca I.Aiiiii, oa
cia?aaeaeueiiai iiaiiai ?aa?no?o, ca A.I.Cieioiaith). Oiio iii?iaoeaiee
aea?? ooo i?eiaaea? ia ae??neiaa, o naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? yeeo caaeaiei
? niin?a ae??, aai neiainiieo/aiiy c i?ene?aieeii-eiie?aoecaoi?ii i?e
iien? o?ce/ii? ae?? (Iia aani?anoaiii oioioaea, i?e/ai neaeeea naie
aieueoea eioaaeeiua coau, iaiaaeay aeanio e ano?yoeaay ei?ioeeie
aieinaie), iii?iaoe?? noiooi?o ianoaaei aeey a?aeia?aaeaiiy nooiaiy
o?ce/iiai aai aeooaaiiai noaio (A na?aeoea oae noo/eo, /oi a a?oaee
aieueii), aeneiaeaiiy, ui ia?aaeathoue ie?ai? aeaoae? i?aaeiaoa aai
iniae, ye? aeicaieythoue aae?anaoia? “?aeiino?othaaoe” aeo?aeio iaioa?io
?ioi?iaoe?th oa aaeaeaaoii ?? ni?eeiyoe. Oaeei /eiii, aei iniiaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?e noai?aii? iaioa?iiai oaenoiaiai
oeio iaeaaeeoue aeeiiaiiy noa’?eoii oaenoioai?aiiy aeaio i?aaiaoe/ieo
?ieae (“iiia?aea/a” oa “caaaeoaa/a”) oa ?icaeoie cia?aaeaeueieo cania?a,
ui ? caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii iaiao?aeiino? ?ai?acaioaoe?? “iaii??aeueii?
?ioi?iaoe??” o ia?aoeaiiio oaeno?. Iaoa??aeii aeey aiae?co niaoeeo?ee
iiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?e iiaoaeia? iaioa??a, noai?thaaieo c onoaiiaeith
ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?iaioe iai’yo?, noaee niiaaaee I.Eioeoey, I.Aaioa,
O.Eocueieinueei?, I.Oienoi?, ?.No?aa?inueeiai, N.Eiaaeaanueei? oa ?i.

O oeueiio ae i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny ??ci? aeaee oaenoioai?/eo
a?aeoeeaiue a?ae iniiaiiai iaioa?iiai oeio. Oea, iai?eeeaae, niiaaaee,
ui noai?ththoueny ca iiaeaeeth iieai?/iiai oaenoo, ye? neeaaeathoueny c
iecee oaenoiaeo aeie?a, iiaoaeiaaieo ca i?eioeeiii “aeo caia?a/aiiy
aeneiaeaiiai ?ioei aaoi?ii — aeo aeiaaaeaiiy aaoi?nueeiai oaa?aeaeaiiy”
(iai?., niiaaaee aeaeaa?enoa Ae.Caaaeeoeia i?i I.A?eai?aeiaa). Oea
aeiaaeie oaenoioai?aiiy, a yeiio ooieoe?y iai’yo? caaaeaia eeoa aei
oiai, aae aooe caniaii a?aoiaioaoe?? iieiaeaiue, aiia ia ? i?ia?aeiei
/eiieeii oi?ioaaiiy oaenoo.?ioee oei oaenoioai?aiiy a iaioa?enoeoe?
noaiiaeyoue a?a?eaei? oaenoe, ye? ii?aeiothoue iciaee iaioa?iiai oa
iaoeiaiai oaeno?a (iai?., niiaaaee ?noi?eea-ioceeiciaaoey I.Ae?one?ia
i?i A.Anao’?aa “O/eoaeue”). Oaenoioai?aiiy o oeueiio aeiaaeeo
a?aeia?aaea? aiae?oe/i? i?ioeaaeo?e, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue eiioi?eaoeai?e
iao? oaenoo, noi?ioeueiaai?e naiei iaioa?enoii ( Ii aeaaiia aeey iaiy —
ia iienaiea yoeo ano?a/, a oa?aeoa?enoeea aeayoaeueiinoe Ai?ena
Aeaaeeie?iae/a e aai ?iee a oi?ie?iaaiee iocueaioia iiaai iieieaiey), ?
ye? ?aae?ciaaii, cie?aia, caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith o?aaeeoe?eieo aeey
iaoeiaeo oaeno?a iiaieo cania?a — ca’ycie, iiaeaeueieo ae?ac?a,
iio?aeieo eiino?oeoe?e c iii?iae?caoe?yie oa iai?aaeiaoieie aeoaioaie
(eae oeacuaaeinue; eoae; ec neacaiiiai, aeoiath, ynii, /oi;
i?aaenoaaeyaony; aannii?ii; ioia/aiiua /a?ou). A iaio oeeo aeiaaeeao
i?aaiaoe/i? ?ie? “caaaeoaa/a” ? ii/anoe “iiia?aea/a” iathoue
?aaeoeiaaiee oa?aeoa?, a iiaia ae?yeuei?noue, ui ?? a?aeaeaathoue
oaenoe, iaaoaa? iciae aeanoeaeo ?ioei oaenoiaei oeiai.

Aiae?c iaioa?ieo oaeno?a a aniaeo? oaenoioai?aiiy aeicaiey? oaa?aeeoe,
ui ca oiiaaie naiai oi?ioaaiiy (a?aenooi?noue i?aaiaoe/ii? iaoe aieeao
ia aae?anaoa, iiia?aaeiueiai aeina?aeo noai?aiiy iaioa?iiai oaenoo,
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo, yeee ?aaoethaaa ae oaenoioai?/o ae?yeuei?noue
oa ?i.) oeae oaenoiaee eean “i?ia?aio?” oe?iea aa??thaaiiy ia ??ai?
eiie?aoieo oaeno?a, ui ? eiai niaoeeo?/iith iciaeith.

I?eaaoi? eenoe ?icaeyioo? a oeueiio ?icae?e? o ii??aiyii? c ae?eiaeie
eenoaie, ye oaenoiaa ?aae?caoe?y ?aaoey?ii? eiioi?eaoe??, ia iaoa??ae?
eenooaaiiy I.A?oaaey, A.E?einueeiai, I.E.Oienoiai, I.Aiaiey,
I.A?ooaanueeiai oa ?i. Oaenoioai?aiiy ooo aecia/a?oueny, c iaeiiai aieo,
oaeoi?ii ienaiiino?, oiaoi ia?aianaiiyi canaae oniiai ni?eeoaaiiy o
ienaiiee (iiina?aaeeiaaiee) ?aa?no?, a c ae?oaiai, — iaiao?aei?noth
caa??aaoe eiai ocon oa ?eoi. Oiio aei iniaeeainoae oaenoioai?aiiy o
noa?? i?eaaoiiai eenooaaiiy iaeaaeaoue: 1)oi?ioaaiiy ai?noiey?iiai
oaenoo ia iniia? oaiaoe/ieo ? aeeneo?neaieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaiiai ocono,
aeanoeaiai aaciina?aaeiueiio ni?eeoaaiith aeaio eiioi?eaio?a;
2)iiaeeea?noue aeeth/aiiy aei oaenoo aeie?a, iia’ycaieo c ei?aaoaaiiyi
?eoio, iai?.: Ae i?eiee ia na?aeueoanue ia iaia, yeui y, /anii,
caaa?thny c a?aeiia?aeaeth (E?einueeee aei A??i/aiea); 3)iayai?noue
iieniai-?ioi?ioth/iai aeeneo?neaiiai aeieo ye iae?aaoi?iiai eiiiiiaioa
oaenoo; 4)iiaeeea?noue i?eieiaiiy oaenoioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? aiane?aeie
iicaiiaieo ianoaaei, iai?.: Ecaeie, /oi oae iaei e aanoieeiai ieoo, iao
a?aiaie: iiiai caaeaii ia caao?a ec aaiiao?ee (A?oaaeue aei nano?e);
5)cia/ia eiia??i?noue iiyae oaenoiaiai aeieo, oaiaoe/ii iia’ycaiiai c
aeno?ae?iaa?noe/iith ianoaaeiith, ui coiiaeea ai?noiey?io eiioi?eaoe?th,
iai?.: Caei?iauea iia auei iii?aaeeinue cia/eoaeueii, oaia?ue
?aneeaeaaaony aiiaue (Aiaieue aei ssceeiaa). Oaeei /eiii, oaenoioei
eenoa o i?eaaoi?e eiioi?eaoe?? a aniaeo? oaenoioai?aiiy aecia/a?oueny
nenoaiiei ca’yceii ai?noiey?ii? aeeneo?neaii? noa?e c oconii
aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeoaaiiy oa iaaecaaaeaiiyi iiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?e
eenooaaii? — i?iaeiaaeaiiyi iai?io ?ioi?iaoe??th oa i?aeo?eieith
eiioaeoo o ienaiiiio ?aa?no??.

Aeaa?aoeai? oaiaeaioe?? oaenoioai?aiiy a ai?noiey???, caeeaaeai? a
iioieia?? ai?noiey?ii? eiioi?eaoe??, iia’ycai? c aeaiia aieiaieie ?ieyie
noa’?eoa – “aae?anaioa” e “oiai, ooi ieoa”. ?aaeoeoe?y oeeo ?ieae iiaea
i?ecaiaeeoe ye aei iaoaeaeeo?o/ iaienaiiai, iaiine?aeiaiiai eenoa, oae ?
aei ia?aoai?aiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe?? ia ineoieia?/io, eiee
iiaoaeiaa eenoa coiiaeaia ?aae?caoe??th aioo??oi?o ineoieia?/ieo iio?aa
aaoi?a ? a?aeaeaa? aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee aeo. O oaeeo aeiaaeeao eeno,
caa??aath/e oi?iaeuei? (no?oeoo?ii-eiiiiceoe?ei?) iciaee ai?noiey?iiai
oaenoo, ye can?a eiioi?eaoe?? i?ae aeaiia ei?aniiiaeaioaie ao?a/a? naith
aoaeoeai?noue.

Uiaeaiieeia? caiene ?icaeyioo? ye i?eeeaae oaenoioai?aiiy, ui iaea?eueoa
c on?o i?iaiae?ciaaieo o aeena?oaoe?? eiai ??ciiaeae?a caeaaeeoue a?ae
ae?? noa’?eoeaieo oa iicaiiaieo /eiiee?a. I?ioa ? oeae aeae
oaenoioai?/i? ae?yeueiino?, yeee aea/a?oueny ia iaoa??ae? uiaeaiiee?a
A.Ethoaeueaaea?a, O.Oaa/aiea, I.Aa?oeaia, N.?o?aiiaa, N.Oai??aa,
I.Aeiea, I.Aeiaaeaiea oa ?i., ia? nai? caeiiii??iino?, coiiaeai?
iae?aaoi?ieie /eiieeaie eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??. Ine?eueee
a neooaoe?? aaaeaiiy uiaeaiieeiaeo caien?a ciai?oi?e aae?anao
a?aenooi?e, ye a?aenooiy ? /?oei aecia/aia i?aaiaoe/ia iaoa
ae?yeueiino?, oeth neooaoe?th ne?ae eaae?o?eoaaoe ye iaaeiaecia/aio.
Oiio iaeia c? niaoeeo?/ieo caaaeaiue noa’?eoa oaenoioai?aiiy — oea
aaaaeaiiy iaaieo aeiaeaoeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a aei i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??.

Oae, i?e aaaeaii? uiaeaiieea c onoaiiaeith ia ?aaoey?i?noue ia ia?oiio
aoai? cae?enith?oueny noaiiaeaiiy oe??? ae?yeueiino? caaaeyee
ae?iaeaiith noa?aioeio caieno oa oi?ioaaiith ocono — oaiaoe/iiai oa
aeeneo?neaiiai ?aia?ooa?o. Ia ianooiiiio aoai? oaeee c?acie noa?
eiiiiiaioii i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? aai, yeui eiai ia ae?iaeaii,
ae?yeuei?noue, iaea??ia?aei?oa, i?eieiy?oueny.

I?i noi?iiaai?noue ocono neaiae?co? iiaoi?aiiy caien?a i?i iaeiioeii?
iiae?? ye ciai?oiueiai, oae ? aioo??oiueiai aeeooy. Iai?eeeaae, aeey
uiaeaiieeiaeo caien?a N.?o?aiiaa oa?aeoa?iith ? o?enaoe?y ia o?eueee
iiae?e, iia’ycaieo c eiai ?iaioith, a e iiae?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy, ye?
ni?aaeee ia iueiai aeeaiea a?aaeaiiy: Ii/oa ca?noeo, yea iaia aei ?aooe
i?eaeea. ?.O.*eeaeaiei iaienaa aei ?aaoea, ui Caeoeaaa a?aooiaaii … ca
neoaeao a a?eueoiaeoeueeiio EIO (27.3.1924). Eiioi?eaoeaiee ocon,
i?aaenoaaeaiee uiaeaiieeii A.Ethoaeueaaea?a, a?aecia/a?oueny
ia?aaaaeaiiyi iia?aeiieaiue i?i iaioaeuei? iiae?? — aeoiee, a?aaeaiiy
a?ae iiaa/aiiai /e i?i/eoaiiai oiui: I?i/ae 30 ia?auo aeaa i?i?iea
Enaee. Iao niiiaiey, /oi ie iaeei ec i?i/eo i?i?ieia ia iiaeao n iei
n?aaieoueny neeith, auni?aiiinoeth e ieaiaiai (3.1.1832). N.Oai??a, yeee
i?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a aeeeaaeaa o eiina?aaoi???, iino?eii ?iaeoue
iicia/ee o caienao: Eiina?aaoi?ey (11.5.1989), 2-aeaeu a eiina?aaoi?ee
(13.5.1869) oiui. Aiaeiaiaee i?eioeei oi?ioaaiiy caieno a oeueiio
aeiaaeeo oaenoioai?aiiy aeiaiaeeoue ? oaiiiai na??? caien?a, ui
a?aeaeaathoue iaaio ?noi??th (nthaeaoiee eaioethaeie). Oae, o caienao
N.?o?aiiaa ciaoiaeeii: Ii i?noo aaaaoi aaea/ie c i?eaiaeo a/i?aoiuei?
iiae?? a iaei?e c i?ioan?eieo ni?eie, aoae?aaeuei?e (7.5.1924). Iaeei c
aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?oiee?a ?iceacoaaa iai? oe?eaa? iiae?iaeoe? c i?eaiaeo
caaaeaii? a/i?a nooe/ee (9.5.1924).

Caaaeii caaaeyee onoaiiaoe? ia ?aaoey?i?noue oaenoioai?aiiy iaaoaa?
oaeeo iciae: i?ioenoaaeai?noue eiioi?eaoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ciai?oi?i
iiae?yi ca iciaeith “eiioi?eaoeai?noue-iaeiioi?eaoeai?noue”;
aenoain?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa? ie?aii? eiioi?eaoeaii? aeoe??; eieae?caoe?y
ia?eieooeaiiai aoaeoo a noa?? ineo?ee noa’?eoa; oi?ioaaiiy ocono —
oaiaoe/iiai oa aeeneo?neaiiai ?aia?ooa?o ae?yeueiino?.

Aaaeaiiy uiaeaiieea ca a?aenooiino? onoaiiaee ia ?aaoey?i?noue (iai?.,
uiaeaiiee I.Aa?oeaia) ia? oae? iniaeeaino?: ?ioain?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa?
ie?aiiai eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo oa eieae?caoe?y ia?eieooeaiiai aoaeoo a
ineo?/i?e noa?? eiioi?eaioa; iai?ioenoaaeai?noue i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??
caieno aeeoo?aei iiae?yi, o ca’yceo c oeei ?? ia?eoi?/iee oa?aeoa?;
iani?iiiaei?noue oi?ioaaoe i?ea?iaeuei?e ocon; nie?aiiy ia iiia?aaei?e
eiioi?eaoeaiee aeina?ae oa ?i.

Aei iniiaieo i?aaiaoe/ieo ?ieae, ye? aeeiio? noa’?eo oaenoioai?aiiy i?e
aaaeaii? uiaeaiieeiaeo caien?a, iaeaaeaoue ?ie? “ae?y/a”, “iin?y
ineoieia?/iiai noaio”, “o?ii?ea?a”, “oiai, ooi ieoa”. I?aaiaoe/ia ?ieue
“ae?y/a” aeyaey?oueny a iia?aoe?yo, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aai?caoe?th
ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae o aeeaae? a ie?aiee eiioi?eaoeaiee aeo — caien.
Ae?yeuei?noue “iin?y ineoieia?/iiai noaio” ia? iane?aeeii oi?ioaaiiy
oaenoiaeo aeie?a, aea o?eniaaii aeoiee, ia?aaeeaaiiy, naiiioe?iee, i???,
caeiaaaee, ?iciiae c aeaniei noie?iiyi, eio?? oeoia/aoueny ye oeiia?
aeeneo?neai? oi?ie aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy (I.Ae.A?oothiiaa), iai?.:
Aieyoue ?oee, aieiaa aieeoue, ? aieeoue na?oea. A a iaia oaea ii/oooy,
i?ae y noith ia?aae eaoano?ioith (I.Aeiaaeaiei, 27.4.1949). ?ieue
“o?ii?ea?a” iia’ycaia c o?enaoe??th iiae?e ieioeiai ia??iaeo, a eiai
ae?yeuei?noue iai?oanoo?oueny a aeoao eiinoaoaoe?? iiae?e, ?o iien?,
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ie?aieo aeao: Ea?ae. Niio?ae caaea/e i?eoaaeoaai thiea?a
Noo/eia. Iioae ia aunoaaeo ecia?aaeaiee O?enoa. Aa?ioaoenue, canoae
?aoiaieiiaa e aai o/aieea O?ouaaa (Oai??a, 31.3.1891), Nueiaiaei?
AEiaoiaaa nayoi. A?eieyoue naethoe. Aa/??. Ia aoeeoe? ni?a (Aeiaaeaiei,
7.11.1945). Aeyaii ?ie? “oiai, ooi ieoa” ? caiene, ui iathoue
iaii??aeueio ooieoe?th, — e?oa?aoo?i? ieaie, /a?iaoee eeno?a, ??ci?
aeaee ei?enieo a?aeiiinoae, aiaeaeioe, oaeoe, ?noi???, ye? caienothoueny
eiioi?eaioii aeey aeei?enoaiiy a iaeaooiueiio. Oeae aniaeo oaenoioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? ae?acii i?aaenoaaeaiee o uiaeaiieeao I.Aeiaaeaiea,
N.?o?aiiaa, A.Ethoaeueaaea?a.

?icaeyae ei?iono uiaeaiieeiaeo caien?a aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
i?ia?aeieie /eiieeaie, ye? aecia/athoue naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
iniaeeaino? oaeno?a, aenooiathoue oaeoi? a?aenooiino? aae?anaoa ? oaeoi?
ienaiiino?, eio?? iathoue ??ciini?yiiaaio ae?th. Ae?y oaeoi?a
a?aenooiino? aae?anaoa aeyaey?oueny o cai?oaii? aeneiaeaiiy aei ie?aii?
iii?iaoe?? (eaenaia aai neiainiieo/aiiy), yea iiaea aeeiioaaoe
eiioi?eaoeaio ooieoe?th eeoa eiee aae?anao ca?aa?oueny c noa’?eoii
eiioi?eaoe?? : Eiina?aaoi?ey. Aieiaey Iaooeeue e Eiey. Eieoaoeey ia
oi?ae. Ea?ae Aa?ueyoeee Eiee. Eaa ?aii (Oai??a, 12.3.1898). Oaeee
naiaioeei-neioaene/iee can?a iiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iiae?? aeicaiey?
aiai?eoe i?i ?aoa?aoeai?noue oaenoo — iciaeo, nooue yei? iieyaa? a oiio,
ui, iaceaath/e iiae?th, noa’?eo ia ?ice?eaa? oa?aeoa?o ?? ?aae?caoe??, ?
oei naiei cia/oua aeey “?ioiai” aae?anaoa ?ioi?iaoe?y caeeoa?oueny iica
oaenoii (ii?. oii?eaeueiee oei iiaeaiiy, ca I.N.Eoa?yeiaith). Oaeoi?
ienaiiino?, iaaiaee, i?iaieo? ?icai?ioo?noue ienaiiiai iiaeaiiy,
aeiaea?aeaiiy caeii?a eia?ei-naiaioe/iiai ?icai?oaiiy oaenoo, naiaioe/io
iiaiioo. Aeii?ioaaiiy oeueiai oaeoi?a icia/a?, ui naia ienaiiee niin?a
ae?? ? i?eaaaeeaei aeey noa’?eoa, yeee ia? iaae/ee aeey oe???
ae?yeueiino? (aeea., iai?eeeaae, uiaeaiieeia? caiene N.?o?aiiaa).

Oaeei /eiii, oaenoioai?aiiy i?e aaaeaii? uiaeaiieea — oea ae?yeuei?noue,
yea naia naaa i?aai?co?, o?eia?oueny ia o?e o?aaeeoe??, ui ?? noai?th?
noa’?eo. I?iaeoeoe oe??? ae?yeueiino? — oaenoia? caiene iiaeooue
a?aeoai?thaaoe aeeneo?neai? oi?ie ?ioeo oaenoiaeo oei?a, i?ioa ?o iiyaa,
ye iieacaii, coiiaeaia iaoai?ciii aaaeaiiy uiaeaiieea ? ia iiaea
?icaeyaeaoenue ye ?acoeueoao caiice/aiiy.

O oe?eiio aiae?c i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy ia iaoa??ae? oaeno?a i?eaaoii?
eiioi?eaoe?? na?ae/eoue, ui o oe?e noa?? iniaeeai? aaae iaaoaa? oaeoi?
noa’?eoa: oi?ioaaiiy oaenoo ?icaeaa?oueny ye naii?aae?caoe?y noa’?eoa a
iae?aaoi?ieo i?aaiaoe/ieo ?ieyo, ye? “i?iiiio?” eiio a?aeiia?aeia
iiaeaeueia eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ia neooaoe?y.

I’yoee ?icae?e “Aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oaeno ye ia’?eo iiaii?
i?aaiaoeee” i?enay/aiee aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaenoiaiio oeiia?,
yeee ?ai?acaioothoue aioeeeeiiaae??, aeia?aeieee, aeia?aeeia? iin?aieee
oiui. Aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiee aeeneo?n a eiai no/aniiio ?icoi?ii?
ii/aa oi?ioaaoeny c iiyaith o 18no. aioeeeeiiaae?e (iai?eeeaae,
*aiaa?na, Ae?ae?i ? Aeaeaiaa?a oa ?i.), ine?eueee o aeiao ?aoe?iiae?cio
ciaiiy oa?eoei aei nenoaie iaeaaaeeea?oeo eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae. sseui
18no. iaaeaei oe?e noa?? oaenoiaiai noaiaea?oo, noai?eaoe ieceo
aecia/ieo oai??a, oi a 20no. o ca’yceo c ?ioaineo?eaoe??th
?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a a?aeaoeiny c?inoaiiy o eoeueoo?? ieoiii? aaae
oiai oeio eiioi?eaoe??, yea cae?enith?oueny ca iiaeaeeth
aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo, oa ?? i?iieeiaiiy a ?io?
eiioi?eaoeai? noa?e.

O?enaoe?y ciaiue o no/anieo aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaenoao
(aioeeeeiiaaee/ieo neiaieeao, aeia?aeieeao ??ciiai oeio) iiaeeeaa
caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith aeaio iniiaieo aeeneo?neaieo oi?i, ye? i?iiiio?ii
iacaaoe neiiioe/iith (aeei?enoiaoth/e oa?aeoa?enoeeo I.Oaee?aea?i
iiaiinai?ioe/ieo c?ooaiue, aeeeeeaieo iiyaith ienueia) oa aeia?aeeiaith.
Neiiioe/iith ? aeeneo?neaia oi?ia, yea a?aeiia?aea? caaaeaiith aeaoe
aaaaoianiaeoiee iien ia’?eoa ca eiiieaenii ia?aiao??a ? aeeth/a?
noaoe/i? i?aaeeeaoe, ui a?aeaeaathoue eeaneo?eaoe?ei? oa ?io?
a?aeiioaiiy ? a oe?eiio i?aaenoaaey? aioeeeeiiaaee/iee oei ciaiiy,
iai?.: Aeai??/ia o?aa’yienoa n??i-caeaia c iiei/iei nieii ?ineeia
?iaeeie aeno?iaeo (neeaaeiioea?oieo). Noaaei i?yia, ai?icai/anoa,
a?eoaaoi-aeiaooaaoa… (no. “eaooe”, E?ea?nuee? ?ineeie. E.,1990).
Aeia?aeeiao aeeneo?neaio oi?io ooai?ththoue a?aeiiino? uiaei ae?e, a
oaeiae ?o iane?aee?a, aiia o?eno? i?ioeaaeo?ia ciaiiy, ui ia?aaea?oueny
i?aaeeeaoaie aeeiai?/iiai oeio (iai?., i?ecia/athoue, canoiniaothoue,
i?eeiathoue, ae?iaeythoue, i?eeeaaeathoue, aeathoue ae?oyi), a yeeo
cia/aiiy ocoaeueiino? cai?uo?oueny cia/aiiyi aeaiioe/ii? iiaeaeueiino?
(i?eeiathoue = ne?ae i?eeiaoe), ui ae?aaea? i?eoiaaio i?ane?eioe?th.

Eiioi?eaoeaia iaoa o?enaoe?? oa caa?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aenooia? ooo
aieiaiei /eiieeii oaenoioai?aiiy, coiiaethth/e eiiieaen
naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo ? i?aaianoee?noe/ieo iciae oaenoo. Aei ieo
iaeaaeaoue: a?aenooi?noue (aai ye oaiaeaioe?y — caaaeaiiy aei i?i?ioio)
iiaeaeueieo aeaiaio?a oa ?ioeo cania?a i?acaioaoe?? eiioi?eaoeaiiai
noa’?eoa, iai?eeeaae, aeeneo?neaieo ne?a oeio i?eiaeii?, iaaiaee, aei
?a/?; a?aenooi?noue (aai i?i?i?caoe?y) iieaciee?a ca’yciino?: oiio,
oaeei /eiii, iaeiae, ine?eueee oiui; iayai?noue aaia?ae?ciaaieo
aeneiaeaiue; aaeeoeai?noue, eeaneo?eaoe?ei?noue, ianthaeaoi?noue ye
iniiai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae oaenoo, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?aae?aeueiiio oeio
ca’yciino?. Caeiiii??iei iane?aeeii oaeiai i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy ?
?ioaa?aoe?y i?aaiaoe/ii? ? naiaioe/ii? i?aenenoai oaenoo, ine?eueee
iin??i i?aaiaoe/ieo cia/aiue o oaeiio oaenoiaiio ooai?aii? aeyaeythoueny
o? iii?iaoeai? iaeeieoe?, ye? a?aeaeaathoue i?aaeiaoio aaeocue.
Naiaioe/iee oeaio? aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo oyae?? aei
?i?oe?aeueii? iiceoe??, a o?iaeueiee aeie iiaea ?icoe?ithaaoeny ye eiai
ia?eoa??y. O oeueiio iieyaa? eiai iiae?ai?noue aei oaenoo aacaoieo
iiaei, ye? no?oeoo?othoueny ca?aeii c i?eioeeiii ?aeaaaioiino? (ca O.
aai Aeaeeii).

Iniaeea?noue oaenoioai?aiiy aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo iieyaa? a
oiio, ui a?i ae?i?io? iaeeieoe?, i?enoiniaai? aeey ?aae?caoe??
eiioaeoii? ooieoe?? (iai?eeeaae, /anoee) ? iinoa? ye oaenoiaa
eiioi?eaoeaia ooai?aiiy c? “cieaeaiith” oaenooaeuei?noth, aiane?aeie
/iai aieiaiith iiaeaeeth eiai ni?eeiyooy ? aeei?enoaiiy, a ia /eoaiiy
(ii?. ei?enooaaoeny aioeeeeiiaae??th, aeia?aeieeii, neiaieeii). Oiio
iaei??th c aeaa?aoe?e a?ae aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoiaiai oeio ?
?icaeoie o aeia?aeieeo aai aioeeeeiiaae?? iaoai?cio, yeee i?iaieo? ?ioo
iiaeaeue ?aoeaioe?? — /eoaiiy. ?iei?ii?aoe?th aei oaenoo oeueiai
iaoai?cio, yeee neeaaea?oueny c i?eeiio oaiaoe/iiai ia?aeeth/aiiy,
ia?aoeaieo no?oeoo?, iineeaiiy ca’yciino? oa noa’?eoea?caoe?? aeeeaaeo,
iieacaii ia i?eeeaae? aioeeeeiiaaee/iiai aeia?aeieea “Ee?a”.

Iiiceoe?y “ei?enooaaoeny — /eoaoe” ie?aneth? aea? iaeaaaeeea?o? iciaee
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo ye caniao
eiioi?eaoe??. Ii?aeiaiiy o iueiio a ?acoeueoao? oaenoioai?aiiy
eiioi?eaoeaieo iaoai?ci?a, ye? i?ia?aiothoue aea? ?aoeaioeai? iiaeae? —
ei?enooaaiiy e /eoaiiy, iiaeia aaaaeaoe eiai eiinoeoooeaiith iciaeith.
Aiie a?aeaeaathoue nai???aeio eiioi?eaoeaio ae?aeaeoeeo aeaio ia/ae,
i?enooi?o o oeueiio oaenoiaiio oei?. Iaoai?ci, yeee coiiaeth? iiaeaeue
?aoeaioe?? ye ei?enooaaiiy, ia? aeioeaio?iaee oa?aeoa?: caaaeyee eiio
aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oaeno iaaoaa? naiaioeei-neioaene/ieo iciae,
ui a?ae??ciythoue eiai a?ae ?ioeo oaeno?a. Iaoai?ci, ui i?ia?aio?
?aoeaioeaio iiaeaeue /eoaiiy, ia? a?aeoeaio?iaee iioaioe?ae, yeee
noaiiaeoue ia?aaeoiiao aeey ia?aoai?aiiy aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaenoo ia oaeno aeey /eoaiiy.

Ie?aia ieoaiiy, ?icaeyiooa a oeueiio ?icae?e?, noaiiaeoue aae?anaoia
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y o noa?? aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eii? e?oa?aoo?e,
aeine?aeaeaia ia i?eeeaae? aeaio eaoaai??e oaeno?a, i???ioiaaieo ia
aae?anaoa-ianiaoe?ae?noa (aiaoi?a, ii/aoe?aoey) oa ia oeiey??a. Oae,
i?ioean oaenoioai?aiiy aioeeeeiiaae?e aeey oeiey??a (Yioeeeeiiaaee/aneee
neiaa?ue thiiai aeieiaa. I.,1986 oa ?i.) a?aeaeaa? neooaoe?th noai?aiiy
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo, ui iiynith?oueny iiae?ai?noth
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ianyaaie ciaiue ? eiioi?eaoeaiei aeina?aeii
noa’?eoa e aae?anaoa o aeaio aeiaaeeao oaenoioai?aiiy. Oea yaeua ne?ae
oeoia/eoe ye aeya ae?? aiaeia?eieo i?ioean?a (O.I.I?e?o?ia) o noa??
oaenoioai?aiiy.

?icaeyae aeiaaee?a aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaenoo aeey noai?aiiy ?ioeo oei?a oaeno?a, cie?aia ano?ieia?/ieo
(ai?ineii?a), oaeno?a iaoeiai-iiioey?ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, a oaeiae
a?a?eaeieo (Iocueaeueiue neiaa?ue a ?anneacao. I., 1988, Iiioey?iay
aeaeeioaea oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia. I.,1977, A?oai?ie ia a?yaeoe?. E.,1989)
aeicaiey? oaa?aeeoe i?i aeoea?caoe?th iiaeae?
aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo a no/ani?e eiioi?eaoe??: oaeo ??
aeei?enoaiiy o ianoaiaea?oi?e neooaoe?? iiaoaeiae oaenoo ? iciaeith
oiai, ui iin?e iiae ?icoe?ith? ?? ye eiioi?eaoeaii aoaeoeaio.

Aiae?c i?ioeano oi?ioaaiiy aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo a aniaeo?
aeyaeaiiy ei?aeyoe?e i?ae eiioi?eaoeaiith ?ioaioe??th oaenoo oa eiai
i?aaianoee?noe/ieie e naiaioeei-neioaene/ieie iciaeaie na?ae/eoue, ui
iaeia c oeaio?aeueieo iiiyoue e?iaa?noeee oaenoo — iiiyooy
oaenooaeueiino? o na?aeiiino? iin?y iiae ni?aa?aeiineoueny c
iiia?aei?noth, ia?aoeaieie no?oeoo?aie, ca’yci?noth, iine?aeiai?noth
aeeeaaeo. Caaaeaiiy noai?aiiy oaenoo c aeii?ioth/ith ?ioi?iaoe?eiith
ooieoe??th ?ica’yco?oueny eiioi?eaoeaiei noa’?eoii ye ae?i?iaoe?y
iiia?aeiino?, ca’yciino?, ye iiaoaeiaa oaenoo ca iiaeaeeth nieneo
(?a?no?o).

Oinoee ?icae?e “Eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y aaoi?a ye noa’?eoeaiee /eiiee
oaenoioai?aiiy” i?enay/aiee aea/aiith ?ie? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??
aaoi?a o i?ioeanao iiaoaeiae oaenoo. Iiiyooy eiioi?eaoeaii?
eiiiaoaioe??, iaeia c aieiaieo o nioe?ie?iaa?noeoe?, ?ic?iaeaia a
i?aoeyo Ae.Oaeina, TH.Oaaa?iana oa ?i. (Hymes D. On communicative
competence // J.Pride, J.Holmes (eds). Sociolinguistics. –Hammondworth:
Penguin, 1972. –P.269-285. Habermas J. Vorbereitende Bemerkungen zu
einer Theorie der Kommunikativen Kompetenz // Habermas J., Luhmann N.
Theorie der Gesellschaft oder social Technologie. – Frankfurt, 1971. –
S.101 –141.) aecia/a?oueny ye ciaiiy iin?y iiae uiaei aeei?enoaiiy a
iaaieo nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaieo neooaoe?yo a?aeiia?aeieo aeeneo?neaieo oi?i,
ui ia?aaeaa/a? caeaoi?noue/oi?iiy i?aaeeueii ioe?ithaaoe neooaoe?th
ni?eeoaaiiy oa ii?iaeaeoaaoe aei?a/i? aeneiaeaiiy. Nii??aeiaieie
iiiyooyie a no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe? ? aaaaeai? ca inoaii? ?iee iiiyooy
noee?noe/ii?, oaenoiai?, i?aaiaoe/ii?, ?ioa?aeoeaii?, oaeno-oeiiai?
eiiiaoaioe?? (i?aoe? TH.I.Ne?aai?aa, A.A.Aiaaeaiiaa, ?.aea Aia?aiaea,
?.Eoena), ye?, ia a?aei?io a?ae iiiyooy iiaii? eiiiaoaioe??, i???ioiaai?
ia aea/aiiy iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino? o oe?ieiio nioe?aeueiiio eiioaeno?.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?ie? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? aaoi?a a i?ioean?
noai?aiiy oaenoo ?icaeyaea?oueny ei?ion oe?a?inueeeo iaioa??a, iaienaieo
ye o aei?aaiethoe?eiee, oae ? a i?ney?aaiethoe?eiee ia??iaee
(I.A.Eenaiei o niiaaaeao no/aniee?a, E., 1968, N.Oia?eaae/. Ii? noaaeee
? cono??/?. E.,1957, E.E?eaeoeueea. Iia?noue i?i ii? aeeooy (niiaaaee
a?oenoee). E., 1965, I.E.Naaeianueeee. Ii? oaao?aeuei? caaaeee
1881-1917. E.,1956 oa ?i.). ?o aiae?c c iaeyaeo ia aeei?enoai? iiai?
caniae (oeie iii?iaoe?e, neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe??, aeeneo?neai? oi?ie)
cana?ae/ea, ui a oeueiio ei?ion? iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e a?oie oaeno?a.

Ia?oo a?oio noaiiaeyoue niiaaaee, iaienai? o aei?aaiethoe?eiee ia??iae
aai ca ei?aeiiii (N.Oia?eaae/, I.Eioeoeue, O.Noa?iy), ye? oe?eeii
a?aeiia?aeathoue iniiaiiio oaenoiaiio oeiia?, a?aeia?aaeathoue i?ioean
niiaaae?a, ui iai?oanoo?oueny o ia?aeiieo iiaeaii?aeo aeai?ao, ye?
ioi?ieythoueny no?oeoo?aie ia?aeiiiai neioaeneno oa iiaeonaie
aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeiyooy: y iiaa/ea, a?ae/oa, c?icoi?a, ui…, y aoa
na?aeeii oiai, ye . Ii?. Aia?oa oaao?aeueio aenoaao y iiaa/ea ia 18-io
?ioe? naiai aeeooy. Oea aoea iaeaiueea iaiae??aia oe?a?inueea o?oia.
Iaeneeuei?oa a?aaeaiiy ia iaia ni?aaeee oaioe?. ss nai oaioethaaa
oaaoeueei (I.Aei?ioaae/). ?ac yeinue neaeeii ie c Ia?eii Eoee/ai o eiai
iiia?? ? aaeaea?ii i?i anyeo any/eio…. Eiee oea iaeiiai aeiy a ia?aeith
aeiao aa?aa?… (I.Naaeianueeee).

Aei ae?oai? a?oie iaeaaeaoue oaenoe, a yeeo a?aeaeeanue i?ioan?eia
eiiiaoaioe?y aaoi?a — ai?iiy e iaae/ee noai?thaaoe o? oeie oaeno?a, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue eiai i?ioan?? oa noaiiaeyoue ?? neeaaeiao /anoeio. Oae,
o niiaaaeao eiiiiceoi?a ? ioceeiciaaoey O.Eieanne i?i I.Eenaiea
a?aeoai?ththoueny oi?ie iaoeiai-aiae?oe/iiai oaenoo, ui cana?ae/o?
i?ioan?eio eiiiaoaioe?th a noai?aii? ioceeiciaa/eo (iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo)
oaeno?a: oi?ioethaaiiy iaoe, /eneaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oai?/ino? e ie?aieo
oai??a Eenaiea, ioe?iee oai?/ino? (iai?.: Ioe? tha?eaei? nayoa aeathoue
i?aenoaao aiai?eoe aaea i?i eoeueo Eenaiea a Aaee/ei? e Aoeiaei?),
iineeaiiy ia oaenoia? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe?? (ia?aaaaeii eenoe Eenaiea).
Ia?aoo?, aaaeeeaa iciaea oaenoioai?aiiy o niiaaaeao O.Eieanne, ui
a?aeaeaey? ?o a?ae iaioa?iiai oaenoiaiai oeio, — oea o?iiieia?/ia
aena?oeaiiy iiae?e, yea a?aeiia?aea? caaaeaiith iaoeiaiai iieno. A?i
iicaaaeaiee anioe?aoeaieo ia?aoiae?a — iaei??? c aieiaieo iciae
iaioa?ii? iiia?ae?, ui, cie?aia, iai?oanoo?oueny o ee?oa iai’yoath ua,
ye…, ia iiaeia caaooe, ye…

O?aoth a?oio noaiiaeyoue oaenoe, iaienai? aaoi?aie, i?ioan?eia
ae?yeuei?noue yeeo ia iia’ycaia c? noai?aiiyi oaeno?a (aeoi?e, ni?aaee,
neoaeaiaoe?, ooaeiaeieee). Oea iaaiiiaaii? o noee?noe/iiio a?aeiioaii?
oaenoia? ooai?aiiy, ye? ii?aeiothoue iciaee ooaeiaei?o, a?ia?ao?/ieo,
e?eoe/ieo, aea iaea?eueoa — noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo oaeno?a, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i aeooae?caoe?th ianeaii? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? aaoi??a,
noi?iiaaii? caaaeyee ?aoeaioeai?e ae?yeueiino?. Aei aeya?a
eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??, yea aoea noi?iiaaia noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieie
oaenoaie ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo, iaeaaeaoue caiice/aiiy ??ciiai ??aiy.
Oea ia eeoa ie?ai? eaeneei-neioaene/i? caniae, aeanoea? ?aeaieia?/iei
oaenoai — ee?oa, neiainiieo/aiiy, /anoioi? eiino?oeoe?? (iacaaooi?
ooaeiaei? ioi?ieaiiy, iaiiaoi?ia oai?/a ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, na?oe? ?
?aae?ni? noi??iee ii?? oai?/i? a?ia?ao??; Iaaoe?y neooa/?a, oe?ieee
?icaiein ii an?e Oe?a?i? i?i iiao aenoaao na?ae/ea i?i oa, ui iaoa
ienoaoeoai aoei ae?eiaei), a e caiice/aiiy “ia?oi?iaoeaiiai ?aia?ooa?o”,
cie?aia aeo?a iiaeyee. Oaenoioai?aiiy ooo aecia/a?oueny ?icaeoeii iecee
?aeaieia?/ieo oai (“ethaia aei ia?iaeo/Aaouee?aueie”, “ai?ioueaa c
iiiaaiethaa/aie”, “aiiaeaiiy ia?iaeo”, “noni?eueia ae?yeuei?noue”),
a?aeaeoeo ye o oe?eiio aeneiaeaii? aai oaenoiaiio aeioe?, oae ? a
ie?aieo eiiiiiaioao ?a/aiiy – ae??i?eeiaoieeiaeo cai?ioao, ao?eaooeaieo
eiino?oeoe?yo, i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo oiui. Ii?. Ni?o, aino?a naoe?a, ui
eeioee c? noeaie, eoee a ia?iae ? ni?eyee ni?aa? aee?eooy aioeia?iaeii?
noo? an??? nenoaie (I.Iaoeyo-Aa??eioo?). Aiii aoei i?oeii iia’ycaia c
oe?a?inueeith eoeueoo?ith, yea a o? /ane caciaaaea oyaeeiai aiiaeaiiy
(I.Iaaeianueeee). Aei iniaeeainoae oaenoioai?aiiy ooo iaeaaeeoue ?
aeei?enoaiiy i?eeiio aeaiaaia?/ii? aaia?ae?caoe?? (O.I.I?eiea?aa), yeee
?aae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith naiaioeei-neioaene/iiai oeio
aaia?ae?ciaaiiai aeneiaeaiiy ?c neiaaie an?, eiaeiee, i?eiee, caaaeaee
oa ?i., ui ae?aaeathoue naiaioeeo ocaaaeueiaiino?: Iao?eoeueeee caaaeaee
aoa aeoaea aeoeaiith ethaeeiith ? eiaeio ni?aao aeeiioaaa ?c caacyooyi ?
noa?aiiyi (N.??aeeeianueeee). An? ia?ace, noai?thaai? oeeie aaeeeeie
aeoi?aie, iaee aeeaiea nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy (A.?oa/ae).

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e a oe?eiio o?e a?oie niiaaae?a, ne?ae eiinoaooaaoe, ui
o?eueee ia?oa c ieo a?aeiia?aea? iaioa?iiio oaenoiaiio oeiia?, a ae?y
/eiieea eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? aeyaey?oueny a eiai iaaeao o
i??i?eoaoiiio aeei?enoaii? iaaieo ia?aeiieo aeai??a, eaeneei-a?aiaoe/ieo
cania?a eiie?aoieie aaoi?aie. Ae?oaa a?oia a?aeoiaeeoue a?ae iaioa?iiai
oaenoiaiai oeio: ine?eueee aaoi?e nie?athoueny ia naith eiioi?eaoeaio,
iniaeeai oaenoiao, eiiiaoaioe?th, iia’ycaio c i?ioan??th, noai?th?oueny
oaeno a?a?eaeiiai oeio, a aeooae?caoe?y /eiieea eiioi?eaoeaii?
eiiiaoaioe?? coiiaeaia eiie?aoieie oiiaaie i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy,
ia?aaeon?i iaaeinoaoiueith e?euee?noth iaioa?ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. O
niiaaaeao, iaeaaeieo aei o?aouei? a?oie, aeei?enoiaothoueny
naiaioeei-neioaene/i? oa aeeneo?neai? oi?ie ooaeiaei?o, ?aeaieia?/ieo
oaeno?a, ui ?ai?acaioothoue cia/ii neeaaei?o? oi?ie iiaeaiiy, ii??aiyii
c oeie, yeeo aeiaaa? iaioa?ia iiia?aeue. I?e oeueiio aeooae?caoe?th
/eiieea eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??, iniaeeai ?? ?aeaieia?/iiai
neeaaeieea, ne?ae iiynithaaoe eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ieie oiiaaie noai?aiiy
oeeo oaeno?a — ?aeaieia?/iei eiioaenoii ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo.

I?iaeiaaeaiiyi aea/aiiy ?ie? eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? o i?ioean?
oaenoioai?aiiy a oiiaao nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaii? nenoaie ?aaeyinueeiai
ia??iaeo ? aiae?c ei?iono iaoeiaeo ?aoeaic?e c aeo?iaeo “?onneee ycue a
oeiea” ca 1948?. (12 oaeno?a). Aiae?c oeueiai ei?iono oaeno?a
cana?ae/ea, ui aieea eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??, noi?iiaaii? caaaeyee
ciaeiinoao c ?aeaieia?/ieie oaenoaie, ia? ??ci? aeyae. Oea, ii-ia?oa,
ia?ai? aaoi?ii ?aoeaic?? iii?iaoeai? caniae e oeie aeneia?a, caiice/ai?
c ?aia?ooa?o ?aeaieia?/ieo oaeno?a, ye? /anoi noia?a/aoue caaaeaiiyi
iaoeiaiai oaenoo, iai?eeeaae, “i?iaeaii?” oa ?eoi?e/i? caieoaiiy
(Aeaeueoa aiai?eony, /oi a ieo iaoiaeeo naia au?aaeaiea noa?a ioeaiie.
Ii eaeeo? — Eioaeeaeooaeueiuo? Yiioeeiiaeueiuo? Yeni?anneaiuo? / *oi
iiaeao aeaoue oeieueieeo oaeia oi?iaeenoe/aneia oi?aaeiaiea? / Enoaoe,
oaea/iu ee yoe oa?ieiu?), ioe?ii? i?eeiaoieee caei?iaue, i?aaeeueiue,
oeaiiue, i?eioeeieaeueiue (Yoi i?aaenoaaeyaony caei?iaui oiiieiae/aneei
i?eioeeiii). Ii-ae?oaa, oea oi?ioaaiiy o oaeno? ?aoeaic?? aeie?a, ye? ia
ia?aaeaa/athoueny oeiii oaenoo ? a?aeia?aaeathoue aenia?oeco
a?aeiia?aeiino? ci?noo ?aoeaiciaaii? eieae ci?noia? ?aeaieia?/ieo
oaeno?a, iai?.: Ecaanoiia ii?aaeaeaiea ycuea e nayce ycuea e niciaiey,
aeaiiia E.Ia?enii e O.Yiaaeuenii a “Iaiaoeeie eaeaieiaee”, a eieaa aeaii
a i/aiue nie?auaiiii aeaea e niaa?oaiii ia eiiiaioe?iaaii.

Aaaeeeai cacia/eoe, ui a ?icaeyiooiio ei?ion? oaeno?a iiaeia aeae?eeoe
aea? i?aea?oie, ye? a?aeaeaathoue ??ciee nooi?iue aieeao ?aeaieia?/iiai
iiaeaiiy ia oaenoioai?aiiy /a?ac eiioi?eaoeaio eiiiaoaioe?th iin?y iiae.
C iaeiiai aieo, aei oeueiai ei?iono iaeaaeaoue ?aoeaic??, a yeeo
?aeaieia?/i? caiice/aiiy iiiaeeiie?, iathoue oaeaeoa i?iaiaioaeueiee aai
?eooaeueiee oa?aeoa?; c ae?oaiai aieo, ooo i?aaenoaaeaii oaenoe, aea
aeyae aieeao ?aeaieia?/iiai iiaeaiiy iiaeia niinoa??aaoe a iii?iaoeai?e
ae?yeueiino? aaoi?a, o ieai? eia?ei-naiaioe/iiai ?icai?oaiiy oaenoo oa
eiai i?aaiaoeoe?.

Oe? i?aea?oie oaeno?a a?aeaeaathoue aiaeii/an ? nooi?iue aeaoi?iaoe??
iaoeiaiai oaenoo a ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae, ? iaoai?ci oeueiai i?ioeano, ui
neeaaea?oueny c e?eueeio aoai?a: iaaeaiiy ?aa?no?o ?aeaieia?/iiai
iiaeaiiy aa?oeiiiai noaoono a ???a?o?? iiaieo ?aa?no??a —> i?iieeiaiiy
ie?aieo “?aeaieia?/ieo” caiice/aiue a iaoeiaee oaeno —> cai?ia
aeeneo?neaieo oi?i iaoeiaiai oaenoo ia aeeneo?neai? oi?ie ?aeaieia?/iiai
oaenoo.

Eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y aaoi?a, ye ia?aeiio? iaoa??ae, iiaea aieeaaoe
ia oi?ioaaiiy aoaeue-yeeo aniaeo?a oaenoo: eiai eaeneee, neioaeneno,
eiiiiceoe?eii? aoaeiae oiui, aiia iiaea i?eaiineoe aei iueiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueia, iia’ycaia c iniaeno?noth aaoi?a, iaaeaaaoe oaenoia?
iciae, coiiaeaieo eiie?aoiei nioe?aeueiei eiioaenoii. Oeae /eiiee
ni?e/eiy? aa??aoeai?noue oaenoiaeo iaeeieoeue o iaaeao iaeiiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai eeano.

Aeniiaee. Eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo iniaeeainoae oaeno?a,
iaeaaeieo ??ciei nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaiei noa?ai, a aniaeo? ?o
oaenoioai?aiiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee ? uiaei niaoeeo?ee oeueiai
??ciiaeaeo iiaii-ieneaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?, ? uiaei ?? ?acoeueoao?a —
oaenoiaeo oai??a.

1.Oaenoiaee oei, ye iane?aeie iiaeaeueiiai i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy
oi?io?oueny ae??th oaenoioai?/eo /eiiee?a, caeeaaeaieo o no?oeoo??
iiaeaeueii? eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??, oa caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aai?caoe?? o??? nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaii? noa?e (aeeneo?no), yeo a?i
i?aaenoaaey?, a ciaiiy i?i iueiai ? eiai “a?aooaaiiy” a iiceoeaiiio aai
iaaaoeaiiio ieai? iaeaaeaoue aei iaiao?aeieo oiia iiaoaeiae oaenoo.
?icaeyiooee iaoa??ae iieaco?, ui cia/ei?noue iae?aaoi?ieo /eiiee?a o
??cieo i?ioeanao oaenoioai?aiiy iaiaeiaeiaa: oae, i?e noai?aii?
iaioa??a, uiaeaiiee?a i?ia?aeiei aenooia? oaeoi? noa’?eoa, i?e iiaoaeia?
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai aai aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo —
eiioi?eaoeaia iaoa. Eiie?aoiee oaenoiaee oa?? aai eiie?aoiee ei?ion
oaeno?a “icia/aiee” oaeiae ae??th noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a oa iicaiiaieo
ianoaaei. Aac ?o o?aooaaiiy iaiiaeeeaa aea/aiiy eiie?aoiiai oaenoiaiai
ei?iono a nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? iiaii? neooaoe??.

Oaeoi?iee aiae?c oaenoioai?aiiy aeicaieea aeyaeoe aioeiii??, ui
aeieeathoue o oeueiio ??ciiaeae? iiaii? ae?yeueiino?, a oaeiae
iiynithaaoe iane?aeee ?o iaae??oaiiy. Oae, o i?ioean? noai?aiiy
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai oaenoo aeieea? aioeiii?y, iia’ycaia c noia?a/eeaei
oa?aeoa?ii a?aeiioaiiy i?ae eiioi?eaoeaiith iaoith oa ?ioeie
eiiiiiaioaie no?oeoo?e i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe??. Ia?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai
i?ioe??//y i?ecaiaeeoue, ye i?aaeei, aei aeieeiaiiy oaenoiaiai oai?o,
aae?aniaaiiai niaoe?ae?noai, c on?ia iciaeaie iaoeiaiai aeeeaaeo
(aeii?ioaaiiy eia?/ieo ca’yce?a, iio?aei? naiaioeei-neioaene/i?
eiino?oeoe??, iii?iae?caoe??) ? oiio ia i?eaeaoiiai aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?th
iiioey?ecaoe??, iicaaaeaiiai eiioi?eaoeaii? aoaeoeaiino?.

2.Iaei??th c iniaeeainoae iiaii? ae?yeueiino? i?e iiaoaeia? oaenoo ?
i?aaiaoe/ia ?icoa?oaaiiy noa’?eoa oaenoioai?aiiy, yeee a i?ioean?
iiaoaeiae oaenoo aeeiio? iaaiee iaa?? ?ieae. I?aaiaoe/ia ?icoa?oaaiiy
aeanoeaa an?i ?icaeyiooei o ?iaio? oaenoiaei eeanai. Oae, noa’?eo
iaioa?iiai oaenoo ia? aea? i?aaiaoe/i? ?ie? (“caaaeoaa/” oa
“iiia?aea/”), aaaeaiiy uiaeaiieea a?aeaeaa? /ioe?e ?ie?. Aeeiiaiiy oeeo
?ieae ? iaia’yceiaith oiiaith aeey iiaoaeiae oaeno?a iaaieo aeai??a,
oi/a ?o ?aae?caoe?? aeanoeaa iaiaeiaeiaa ?ioaineai?noue oa
ni?aa?aeianai?noue c ?ioeie. I?aaenoaaeai?noue oeeo ?ieae o oaenoiaiio
oai?? ia caaaeaee ??aiicia/ia, aeaye? c ieo iiaeooue aooe ?ai?acaioiaai?
ae?aci?oa, ?io? — iaio a?ae/ooii. I?ioa iaaeeiiaiiy oi/a a iaei??? c ieo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei noai?aiiy iaiiaiioe?iiiai o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio
a?aeiioaii? oaenoo /e oaenoo ?ioiai (a?a?eaeiiai) oeio. Oae,
iai?aaenoaaeai?noue ?ie? “caaaeoaa/a” o iaioa?ao ia?aoai?th? niiaaaee ia
oaeno oae caaii? aaoia?ia?ao?/ii? i?ice; iaaeeiiaiiy ?aoa?aioii ?ie?
“?aaeoeoi?a” noai?th? ?aoa?ao, yeee iaiiaii a?aeia?aaea? ci?no
ia?aeiiiai aeieoiaioa, caeeoa? nooo?ao aeey ?aoeei??ioa ?ioi?iaoe?th
iica oaenoii; iai?aaenoaaeai?noue o uiaeaiieeiaeo caienao ?ie? “iin?y
ineoieia?/iiai noaio” ?c aeanoeaeie oe?e ?ie? caniaaie ae?aaeaiiy aaaea
aei a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae oaenoioeio uiaeaiieea, aiane?aeie /iai aeieeathoue
aai e?oa?aoo?iee uiaeaiiee, aai oaeno oeio caienii? eieaeee, noaeiiaiai
aeo?iaeo.

3.I?iaiae?ciaai? eeane oaeno?a aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe oeiia?
eiioi?eaoeai? no?aoaa?? ye aeaee iiaii-ieneaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?,
i?eoaiaii? naia noa?? iiaoaeiae oaenoo. Aei iaeiioe?ai?oeo o oaenoia?e
eiioi?eaoe?? no?aoaa?e iaeaaeaoue eiino?oeoeaii-aaia?aoeaia no?aoaa?y,
ca yeith iiaoaeiao oaenoo aecia/a? eiioi?eaoeaia iaoa, caaaeyee /iio
ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eoa ni?yiiaaia ia noai?aiiy oaenoiai? eiino?oeoe??,
yea a noaea iaeaoaeoeai?oei caniaii aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy
(iaoeiai-iiioey?i? oaenoe); o?ainiiceoeaia, ui ??oioo?oueny ia oaiiiai?
“ia?aaaaeaiiy” oi?i aaciina?aaeiueiai ni?eeoaaiiy o ienaiiee ?aa?no?
(ai?noiey?i?, ?iciia?aei? oaenoe); aiaeia?eia, ui ia?aaeaa/a? iiaoaeiao
oaenoo ca iaaiei ac??oeai (aoi?enoe/i? oaenoe, uiaeaiieeia? caiene);
o?ainoi?ioth/a, yea ao?eth?oueny o ia?a?iaeaii? oaenoo iaaiiai oeio aeey
noai?aiiy oaenoo ?ioiai oeio (?aoa?ao, aeia?aeeiaa aai aioeeeeiiaaee/ia
noaooy); aaoieiioi?eaoeaia, ca yeith cae?enith?oueny a?aeia?aaeaiiy
iaaieo aioo??oi?o, aiioe?eieo oa ?ioaeaeooaeueieo, noai?a eiioi?eaioa
(uiaeaiieeia? caiene).

4.Ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi i?ae naiaioe/iith (?aoa?aioe?eiith) oa
i?aaiaoe/iith i?aenenoaiaie a i?ioean? oaenoioai?aiiy a oaenoia?e
eiioi?eaoe?? aeyaeythoueny oaenoe aeaio i?aaianaiaioe/ieo (aai
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo) oei?a i?aai?caoe?? — aiae?oe/ii? oa
neioaoe/ii?. Aiae?oe/io i?aaianaiaioe/io i?aai?caoe?th ia? oaeno, yeee
oyae?? aei aaoiiii?caoe?? naiaioe/ii? ? i?aaiaoe/ii? i?aenenoai, ui
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ??cieie iaeeieoeyie ieaio ae?aaeaiiy. Oaeee oaeno
?icaeaa? o nia? iiooaeiee i?aaiaoe/iee iaoai?ci eiioaeoo c aae?anaoii,
ui ia? ie?aio iiaio ?ai?acaioaoe?th ia iiaa?oiaaiio ??ai?. Aiae?oe/io
i?aaianaiaioe/io i?aai?caoe?th iathoue iaoeiai-iiioey?i? oaenoe,
iaioa?e, uiaeaiieeia? caiene. Oaenoai ?c neioaoe/iii oeiii
i?aaianaiaioe/ii? i?aai?caoe?? aeanoeaa ?iei?ii?aoe?y i?aaiaoe/ii?
i?aenenoaie o naiaioe/io, iai?oanoiaai?noue oeeo nenoai a iaeieo
aeeneo?neaieo oi?iao. Oeae oei i?aai?caoe?? i?aaenoaaeythoue aoi?ecie,
aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa ?aoa?aoeai? oaenoe. sseui oaeno aiae?oe/ii?
i?aai?caoe?? iaiaaa?oueny, ye i?aaeei, a?aeaeoe iaai? aniaeoe
oaenoioai?/iai i?ioeano, oi oaeno neioaoe/ii? i?aai?caoe??, iaaiaee,
iicaaaey?oueny ne?ae?a i?aaiaoe/ii? neooaoe?? ? i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy,
ui aecia/eee eiai inoaoi/iee aeaeyae.

5.Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie iaoiae iieno e iiaeaethaaiiy oaenoioai?/iai
i?ioeano aeicaieea ooi/ieoe oyaeaiiy uiaei iaeiiai c aieiaieo iiiyoue
e?iaa?noeee oaenoo — oaenooaeueiino?. Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa
oaenoioai?aiiy i?e iiaoaeia? ?aoa?aoo oa aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaenoo, a oaeiae aeayeith i??ith aiae?c iaioa?iiai oaenoo a aniaeo? eiai
eiioi?eaoeaieo aeanoeainoae cana?ae/o?, ui eiioi?eaoeaia caaaeaiiy
iiaoaeiae oaenoiaiai oai?o, a yeiio c?inoa? ?ioi?iaoe?eia ooieoe?y ca
“?aaeoeoe??” eiioi?eaoeaii? ooieoe??, ae??oo?oueny /a?ac ae?i?iaoe?th
iiia?aeiino?, ca’yciino?, ?icai?iooino?, aeieeaaeiino? aeeeaaeo. Oiio
oaeno ye eiioeaio iiaii? ae?yeueiino? ? oaenooaeuei?noue o na?aeiiino?
iin?y iiae ei?aeth? c iiia?aeieie no?oeoo?aie, iine?aeiai?noth oa
aeieeaaei?noth aeeeaaeo — i?ioeanoaeueii-aeeiai?/ieie iciaeaie
oaenoioai?aiiy.

6.Eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y aaoi?a ye noa’?eoeaiee /eiiee oaenoioai?/i?
ae?yeueiino? iiaea aeyaeyoe a?aeoeaio?iaee uiaei oaenoioeio iioaioe?ae.
Oeae /eiiee iaeae?aci?oa aeyaey?oueny i?e noai?aii? iaioa??a, i?eaaoieo
eeno?a, uiaeaiieeiaeo caien?a — o neooaoe?yo, aea caeeaaeaii ia?aaeoiiae
aeey aeei?enoaiiy aaoi?ii ??cieo oa??a eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe??.
Aa??aoeai?noue oeeo oaeno?a o iaaeao iaeiiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai eeano
iiynith?oueny aeoea?caoe??th eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? noa’?eoa
oaenoioai?aiiy. Aiae?c oaenoioai?/iai i?ioeano ia iaoa??ae? eiie?aoieo
ei?ion?a iaioa??a ? ?aoeaic?e ?ice?eaa? iaiaaeai?noue oeoia/aiiy
eiioi?eaoeaii? eiiiaoaioe?? ye caeaoiino? ii?iaeaeoaaoe aei?a/i?
aeneiaeaiiy, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue oiiaai nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe??.
Iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y a?ae?a?a? ?ieue
iaoai?cio aaeaioaoe?? o neeaaei?e aeey aaoi?a neooaoe?? oaenoioai?aiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oaeno ye can?a eiioi?eaoe??. E.: ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae, 1993.
–194n. 2-a aeae. noa?. – 1998 (?aoeaic?y: TH.N.Eacaaiee. ?aaec??anueea
O.A.Oaeno ye can?a eiioi?eaoe??. – Iiaiciaanoai. — 1995, ?1. — N.78-79).

2.Eeiaaenoe/aneea i?anoiiiceoeee ?anneacuaaiey. // Ecaanoey AI NNN?.
–Na?. eeo. e yc. –O.42. –1983. -?5. –N.475 – 480.

3.Iao/iue oaeno eae i?aaenoaaeoaeue iniaiai oeia eiiioieeaoeee //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eioi?iaoeey. – Na?.2. –1984. -?4. –N.1-6.

4.Naiaioeea ? i?aaiaoeea ?a/aiue ?c ca’yceiaeie i?aaeeeaoaie oeio
“icia/aao” // Iiaiciaanoai. –1986. -?1. –N.31-36.

5.?aoa?aoeaiue oaeno a eeiaaii?aaiaoe/aneii aniaeoa //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneay eioi?iaoeey. –Na?.2. –1986. -?8. –N.1-5.

6.I?aaiaoe/aneee aniaeo aoi?enoe/aneeo oaenoia // Ecaanoey AI NNN?.
–Na?. eeo. e yc. – O.47. –1988. -?1. –N.89-99.

7.Aaaeaiea aeiaaieea eae aeae eiiioieeaoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe //
?aoa?aioeey e i?iaeaiu oaenoiia?aciaaiey. –I.: Einoeooo ycueiciaiey AI
NNN?, 1988. –N.95-115.

8.I?aaiaoe/aneea i?ioeai?a/ey i?e oaenoiia?aciaaiee // Eiae/aneee aiaeec
ycuea: I?ioeai?a/eainoue e aiiiaeueiinoue oaenoa. –I.: Iaoea, 1990.
–N.148 –163.

9.I?i iaeei c iai?yi?a no/anii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo // Iiaiciaanoai.
–1991. -?3. –N.53-58.

10.Neiai “noaeueaa” a nia?aiaiiuo eiioaenoao // Eiae/aneee aiaeec ycuea:
Eoeueoo?iua eiioeaiou. -I.: Iaoea, 1991. –N.64 – 72.

11.Oaenoiaay eiiioieeaoeey. Oaenoiia?aciaaiea // *aeiaa/aneee oaeoi? a
ycuea: Eiiioieeaoeey, iiaeaeueiinoue, aeaeenen. -I.: Iaoea, 1992.
-N.79-108.

12.Aeaye? i?iaeaie oaenoiai? eiioi?eaoe??: aei iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy
//Iiaiciaanoai. – 1992. -?2. –N.14-20.

13.Naiaioeea neiaa oeaeue //Eiae/aneee aiaeec ycuea: Iiaeaee aeaenoaey.
–I.: Iaoea, 1992. –N.30-35.

14.I?aaiaoe/aneea naienoaa auneacuaaiey-iauyniaiey // Eaocaeueiinoue e
no?oeoo?u ?annoaeaeaiee a ?onneii ycuea. – I.: ?AAO, 1993. –N.167-171.

15.No/ani? ano?ieia?/i? oaenoe: nioe?ieiioi?eaoeaiee iaoai?ci aieeao //
Iiaiciaanoai. – 1994. -?4-5. –N.31-36.

16.Iaioa?eno e iaioa?enoeea a oneiaeyo nioeeieiiioieeaoeaiie
oioaeeoa?iie nenoaiu // Iiaa oioae?oa?iiai noni?euenoaa. –E.: ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai?, ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,
1995. –N.115-126.

17.Oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? o naiaioeoe? iiaieo iaeeieoeue // Iiaiciaanoai.
– 1996. -?1. –N.14-19.

18.Nioe?ie?iaa?noeea a Aieaa???. ?aoeaic?y. // Iiaiciaanoai. –1996.
-?2-3. –N.75-77.

19.I iaeioi?uo iniaaiiinoyo oaenoiia?aciaaiey a niaaoneee ia?eiae //
Aceeuo ia oioaeeoa?iioi e iinooioaeeoa?iioi iauanoai. – Nioey:Ecae-ai
“I?ioacea e Ea/a?iacia” , 1996. –N.48-55.

20.Eiioeaiooae?caoe?y iaioaeueiiai i?inoi?o a oe?a?inuee?e iia? //
Iiaiciaanoai. – 1998. -?2-3. –N.107-117.

21.Noie?iiy e nia?noue e??cue i?ecio oe?a?inueei? iiae // Iiaiciaanoai.
— 1999. -?1. -N.31-39.

22.Iiaeae? ?aoeaioe?? aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaenoo // E?iaa?noe/i?
nooae??. –*a?eane, 1999. -?3. –N.67-75.

23.On some modes of expression of axiomatic knowledge in Russian //
Symposium on Grammar of Analysis and Synthesis and their Representation
in computational structures. –Tallinn, 1983. –P.77-78.

24.Oei eiiioieeaoeee, io?aaeaaiie oaenoii, eae aii?in i?aaiaoeee oaenoa
// Oac. eiio. anie?aioia e iieiaeuo iao/iuo nio?oaeieeia. –I.:Einoeooo
ainoieiaaaeaiey AI NNN?. –O.1, *.2, 1985. –235-237.

25.E aii?ino i eiiioieeaoeaiuo iniiaaieyo i?aaiecaoeee oaenoa //
*aoaa?oay oeiea iieiaeuo ainoieiaaaeia. Oacenu. O.3. –I.: Einoeooo
ainoieiaaaeaiey, 1986. –N.155-157.

26.Ia iaeiii ec aeaeia eiiioieeaoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe //Oac. eiio.
anie?aioia e iieiaeuo iao/iuo nio?oaeieeia. –O.2. –I.: Einoeooo
ainoieiaaaeaiey, 1987. –N.118-121.

27.Iaoaeiiioieeaoeaiua auneacuaaiey a oaenoao ?aciuo eeannia // Oac.
eiio. anie?aioia e iieiaeuo nio?oaeieeia. sscueiciaiea. –I.: Einoeooo
ainoieiaaaeaiey, 1988. –N.113-115.

28.Oeiieiaey iaioa?iuo oaenoia: i?aaiaoe/aneee aniaeo //Iaoa?eaeu O1
?anioaeeeaineie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo eeiaaenoia. –A?aaai:
Ecaeaoaeuenoai AI A?i. NN?, 1988. –N.289.

29.Oaenoiia?aciaaiea e eiiioieeaoeaiay eiiiaoaioeey // O Ananithciay
oeiea iieiaeuo ainoieiaaaeia. Oac. O.2.sscueiciaiea. –I.:Einoeooo
ainoieiaaaeaiey, 1989. –N.155-158.

30.Eiiioieeaoeaiue aniaeo eioi?iaoeeiiii-ni?aai/iuo oaenoia // I?iaeaie
noai?aiiy iaoeiieo oiiae?a iia. Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??. –E., 1991.
–N.58-60.

31.Ai?ineiiu eae eeann iaa?aoiaioaoeaiuo oaenoia // Aeeneo?n e
a?aoiaioaoeey. Oacenu. – Iyoeai?ne: Iyoeai?neee ainoaea?noaaiiue
iaaeaaiae/aneee einoeooo eiino?aiiuo ycueia, 1992. –N.95-96.

32.Eino?oeoeaiue iioaioeeae eiiiaioa?ey (ooaeiaeanoaaiiua e iaioa?iua
oaenou) // I?eioeeiu eco/aiey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai oaenoa. Iaoa?eaeu
eiioa?aioeee. –Na?aoia: Na?aoianeee ainoieaa?neoao, 1992. –N.48-49.

33.ssaeaiey aiaeiaee a oaenoiia?aciaaiee // Oaeno e iaoiaeeea aai
aiaeeca. Iaoa?eaeu O11 iaaeaeoia?iaeii iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ii i?iaeaiai
naiaioe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. *.1. –Oa?ueeia: OAO, 1994. –N.69-73.

34.Eioi?iaoeeiiii-ni?aai/iue oaeno eae enoi/iee aeeneo?neaiuo eiiiaaoeee
// sscue e eoeueoo?a. Iaoa?eaeu eiioa?aioeee. — *.2. – E.:
Ecaeaoaeuenoai “Collegium”, 1996. –N.135 –137.

35.E?iaa?noeea oaenoo ? i?aaiaoeea: ?acoeueoaoe aca?iiae?? // I?ia?aei?
e?iaa?noe/i? eiioeaioe?? e?ioey OO noie?ooy. Oace. – Euea?a, 1996.
–N.203.

36. Aei i?iaeaie i?aaianoee?noe/ii? ?ioa?oa?aioe?? // I?iaeaie cinoaaii?
naiaioeee. Aeiiia?ae? ? iia?aeiieaiiy eiioa?aioe??. –E.: Ee?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao, 1997. –N.334-335.

37.Oaeoi? aae?anaoa ? i?iaeaia iii?iaoeaiiai aeai?o // Oe?a?inueea iiaa:
c ieioeiai a iaeaooi?. Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe??. – E., 1998. – N.163-164.

38.Iiaeaeuei? iia?aoi?e ia iicia/aiiy iaioaeueiiai noaio a oe?a?inuee?e
iia? // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? iai’yo? i?io.
E.O?ioeiiae/a. – Euea?a: E?oiien, 1998. –N.313-315.

39.Aeia?aeeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiee aeeneo?n: iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
oaenoioai?/i? no?aoaa?? // Naiaioeea, neioaeoeea, i?aaiaoeea iiaeaii?ai?
ae?yeueiino?. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. – Euea?a: Euea?anueeee
aea?aeoi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.O?aiea, 1999. – N.5-9.

Aiioaoe?y

?aaec??anueea O.A. Eiioi?eaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i? aniaeoe oaenoioai?aiiy.
–?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.15 — caaaeueia iiaiciaanoai. — ?inoeooo
oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aiae?co oaenoioai?aiiy ye aeaeo iiaii?
ae?yeueiino?, iieno eiioi?eaoeaieo no?aoaa?e, ui aecia/athoue ??ci?
aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy oaenoo. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei iieno e
iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano oaenoioai?aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi
eoeueoo?ii-e?iaa?noe/iiai ? nioe?ie?iaa?noe/iiai ??ai?a aiae?co oaenoo.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi naiaioe/ii? oa i?aaiaoe/ii?
i?aenenoai oaenoo a nioe?aeuei?e eiioi?eaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaii oaenoia?
oeie aiae?oe/ii? oa neioaoe/ii? i?aai?caoe??. A aniaeo? ae?yeueiino?
noa’?eoa oaenoioai?aiiy aenie?oeeoii iieno?oueny oa?aeoa? ei?aeyoe?e
i?ae oaeoi?aie oaenoioai?aiiy oa i?aaiaoe/ieie, naiaioeei-neioaene/ieie,
iii?iaoeaieie iniaeeainoyie oaeno?a, ui ?ai?acaioothoue ??cii
nioe?ieiioi?eaoeai? noa?e (iaoeiaee oaeno, aioeeeeiiaae?y, aeia?aeiee,
niiaaaee, uiaeaiiee, aoi?eci). Iieacaii, ui eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y
aaoi?a a i?ioean? oaenoioai?aiiy aeeiio? ooieoe?th aaeaioaoe?eiiai
iaoai?cio oa coiiaeth? aa??thaaiiy oaenoiaiai oeio.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaeno, i?ioean oaenoioai?aiiy, i?aaiaoeea oaenoo,
naiaioeea oaenoo, eiioi?eaoeaia eiiiaoaioe?y, oaenoiaee oei, oaeoi?
aae?anaoa, oaeoi? noa’?eoa.

?aaeceaaneay O.A. Eiiioieeaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/aneea aniaeou
oaenoiia?aciaaiey. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.15 — iauaa ycueiciaiea. — Einoeooo oe?aeineiai
ycuea IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio eco/aieth eiioieeaoeaiie i?e?iaeu
oaenoa a nayce n i?ioeannii oaenoiia?aciaaiey, iiaeaee?iaaieth
aa?aaeueii-eiaieoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe a ?acee/iuo oeiao aeeneo?nia ia
iniiaa aaciaie iiaeaee eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa. Oaenoiia?aciaaiea
?anniao?eaaaony a ?aaioa eae aeae ?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe, iniaaiiinoe
eioi?ie ii?aaeaeytho, n iaeiie noi?iiu, iauee oa?aeoa? eiiioieeaoeaiie
i?aaiecaoeee aeeneo?na, a n ae?oaie, — oneiaey
eiiioieeaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/aneie neooaoeee nicaeaiey oaenoa ii?aaeaeaiiiai
ooieoeeiiaeueiiai eeanna. E iineaaeiei ioiinyony oaeea eiiiiiaiou eae
noauaeo, aae?anao, oeaeue eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeaenoaey e ae?., eioi?ua
aunooiatho a ?aieao oaenoiia?acothuae aeayoaeueiinoe eae aa oaeoi?u.
Oaeei ia?acii, oaeno ?anniao?eaaaony eae aaeeieoea, io?aaeathuay
naa?ioooth iiaeaeue eiiioieeaoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoa
oaenoiia?aciaaiey, eioi?ay auiieiyao eiiieaen iaeeaaoi?iuo
i?aaiaoe/aneeo ?ieae a caaeneiinoe io oeia oaenoa. A nayce n yoei a
?aaioa ?aca?aie/eaaaony aeaa o?iaiy aiaeeca oaenoa —
eoeueoo?ii-eeiaaenoe/aneee e nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneee, iniiaiuie
aaeeieoeaie eioi?uo yaeythony, niioaaonoaaiii, oaenoiaie oei e
eiie?aoiue ei?ion oaenoia. Enneaaeiaaiea oaenoa ia o?iaia oaenoioeia,
eioi?ue ?anniao?eaaaony a ?aaioa eae oaenoiaay eiaa?eaioiay aaeeieoea,
ioaa/athuay ii?aaeaeaiiiio eiiieaeno eiiioieeaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/aneeo
oneiaee oaenoiia?aciaaiey, i?aaeiieaaaao ?anniio?aiea oaenoa a nayce n
nenoaiie oaenoiauo oeiia, oa?aeoa?ecothueo eoeueoo?ii-naieioe/aneia
i?ino?ainoai, eoeueoo?ioth iaiyoue ycueiaie iauiinoe. A ea/anoaa iauaeoa
aiaeeca ia nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneii o?iaia aunooiaao eiie?aoiue (eiia/iue)
oaenoiaie ei?ion, eioi?ue niioiineony n ii?aaeaeaiiui nioeeaeueiui
eiioaenoii, oeaiiinoiuie i?eaioaoeeyie, ycueiaie e eiiioieeaoeaiie
eiiiaoaioeeae iineoaeae ycuea. Aiaeec oaenoiia?aciaaiey ia
eoeueoo?ii-eeiaaenoe/aneii o?iaia n iii?ie ia iiaeaeueiue i?ioeann
oaenoiia?aciaaiey e ii?aaeaeaiiue oaenoioei i?aaenoaaeai a ?aaioa ia
iaoa?eaea iao/iuo oaenoia, yioeeeeiiaaeee, ni?aai/ieeia, ia??aoeaiuo e
aoi?enoe/aneeo oaenoia, iaioa?ia, aeiaaieeia e ae?. Niaoeeoeea
i?aaiecaoeee iao/iiai aeeneo?na n i?enoueie aio iniaaiiinoyie (onoaiiaea
ia aeeiaie/iia iaeiieaiea eioi?iaoeee, cia/eoaeueiue oaeaeueiue aan
iaoaeiiioieeaoeee e o.i.) aeeytho ia oi?ie?iaaiea i?aaiaoe/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae oaenoioeiia iao/iie noaouee e ?aoa?aoa, a oaeaea
iao/ii-iiioey?iiai oaenoa, ii?aaeaeyy i?eaiu oaaaeaeaiey/niiauaiey,
oa?aeoa? oeeoaoeee, iaoaoaenoa e o.i. a iao/iii oaenoa, eniieueciaaiea
?acaiai?iuo, aeeaeiae/aneeo, yeni?anneaiuo n?aaenoa, a oaeaea ?acee/iuo
i?eaiia eio?eaiaaiey aae?anaoa a iao/ii-iiioey?iii. Ia iniiaa aiaeeca
?a/aauo aeai?ia ?anneacuaaiey e “auneacuaaiey naioaioeee” iienaia
eiiioieeaoeaiay niaoeeoeea ?anneaca eae oaenoa, eiathuaai oaoe/aneoth
ooieoeeth e i?aaenoaaeythuaai ii?aaeaeaiioth aioo?eeoeueoo?ioth ?a/aaoth
o?aaeeoeeth, a oaeaea ?anniio?aiu a niiinoaaeoaeueiii aniaeoa aeaa
eiiioieeaoeaiua iiaeaee aoi?enoe/aneiai oaenoa. Iieacaii, /oi iaeiie ec
iniaaiiinoae oaenoiaiai oeia aoi?ecia yaeyaony eioaa?aoeey
i?aaiaoe/aneie iiaenenoaiu oaenoa a naiaioe/aneoth (neioaoe/aneee oei
i?aaianaiaioe/aeie i?aaiecaoeee), /oi iicaieyao i?ioeaiiinoaaeoue yoio
oei oaenoai aiaeeoe/aneie i?aaianaiaioe/aneie i?aaiecaoeee
(iao/ii-iiioey?iue oaeno). Aa?aaeueii-eiaieoeaiay aeayoaeueiinoue a
noa?a /anoiie eiiioieeaoeee, aaea aic?anoaao cia/aiea oaeoi?a noauaeoa,
aiieiuaaony a aeaea naii?aaeecaoeee noauaeoa a iaeeaaoi?ieo
i?aaiaoe/aneeo ?ieyo. O noauaeoa iaioa?iiai oaenoiaiai oeia auaeaeythony
aeaa oaeea ?iee, ii?aaeaeythuea aeeiaieeo eiiioieeaoeaiiai i?ioeanna a
aeaea /a?aaeiaaiey eiiioieeaoeaiuo aeaenoaee, niioaaonoaothueo
i?aaiaoe/aneei ?ieyi. Iaauiieiaiea eee ?aaeoeoeey oaeeo ?ieae, eo caiaia
ae?oaeie aea/ao ?acee/iua aeaaeaoeee (nicaeaiea oaenoa aea?eaeiiai oeia,
“ieieiecaoeey” eiiioieeaoeaiie yooaeoeaiinoe). Oaenoiaay
aeayoaeueiinoue, naycaiiay ni noa?ie /anoiie eiiioieeaoeee,
oa?aeoa?ecoaony oe?ieie aa?eaoeaiinoueth, iiaeaa?aeaiiinoueth aeeyieth
aiaycueiauo oaeoi?ia. I?ioeann oaenoiia?aciaaiey ii?aaeaeyao ia oieueei
naiaioeei-neioaene/aneea, iiieiaoeaiua, i?aaianoeeenoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe
oaenoia, ii e oei ?aoeaioeee oaenoa eae iaeio ec aai i?aaiaoe/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee. Oae, yeeieiaoeey i?e oi?ie?iaaiee oaenoa
ni?aai/ii-eioi?iaoeeiiiiai oeia (ni?aai/ieee, yioeeeeiiaaeee) n?aaenoa
?ai?acaioaoeee noauaeoa caaeaao iiaeaeue ?aoeaioeee oaenoa a aeaea
iieueciaaiey, a ia /oaiey. Enneaaeiaaiea oaenoiia?aciaaiey ia
nioeeieeiaaenoe/aneii o?iaia a aniaeoa aeeyiey nioeeaeueiiai eiioaenoa
iieacaei, /oi eiiioieeaoeaiay eiiiaoaioeey aaoi?a eae noauaeoeaiue
oaeoi? oaenoiaie aeayoaeueiinoe auiieiyao ooieoeeth aaeaioaoeeiiiiai
iaoaiecia e iaoneiaeeaaao aa?uee?iaaiea oaenoiaiai oeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaeno, i?ioeann oaenoiia?aciaaiey, i?aaiaoeea oaenoa,
naiaioeea oaenoa, eiiioieeaoeaiay eiiiaoaioeey, oaenoiaie oei, oaeoi?
aae?anaoa, oaeoi? noauaeoa.

T.V.Radzioevska. Communicative and Pragmatic Aspects of Text ?roduction.
— Manuscript.

Dissertation submitted for Doctor of Sciences (Philology) degree in
speciality 10.02.15 — general linguistics. Ukrainian National Academy of
Sciences Institute of the Ukrainian Language, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation deals with the analysis of text production as a variety
of language functioning and description of communicative strategies
reflecting some aspects of text production. A systemic approach to the
description and modeling of the process of text production taking into
account semiolinguistic and sociolinguistic levels of text analysis is
elaborated. There is established that analytic and synthetic types of
text organization based on relation of semantic and pragmatic subsystems
are represented in social communication. In view of text activity the
correlation of text production factors and pragmatic, semantic,
syntactic, nominative peculiarities of texts in different types of
discours (academic text, reference book, encyclopaedia, memoirs, diary,
aphorism etc) is described and explicated. It is shown that author’s
communicative competence in the process of text production has a
function of an adaptation device and makes for variation of text type.

Key words: text, process of text production, text pragmatics,
communicative competence, text type, factor of addressee, factor of
subject.

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