?INOEOOO IIAICIAANOAA ?I. I.I.IIOAAI? IAI OE?A?IE

Aace?iaia ??eia Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 801.6; 82.085

Eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a

iiaoe/iiai oaenoo

(naiaioe/iee oa i?aaiaoe/iee aniaeoe)

10.02.02 – ?in?enueea iiaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? ?in?enueei? iiae ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i.
I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ia?aeiee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?in?enueei?

iiae ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie

EACAAIEE TH??e Noai?neaaiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai oa oe?a?inueeiai

iiaiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

e?iaa?noe/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

OOIA?IAA Iaoae?y Iao??aia

— eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

eaoaae?e ?in?enueei? iiae I?aeeinueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.

I.A.Aiaiey

AAOIAI Ethaeieea ?aai?aia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N.Neiai?iaee, eaoaae?a iiaiciaanoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «18» o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.172.01 i?e ?inoeooo? iiaiciaanoaa
?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a, aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «14» ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
I.A.Ica?iaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O?ainoi?iaoe?y e?iaa?noeee caaaeaee
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeany i?aaiaiiyi a?aeiaaeoaaoe ?? a?ae noi?aeieo noa?
ciaiiy oa /?oei aecia/eoe, ie?aneeoe aeania e?iaa?noe/i? ia’?eoe ?
iaoiaee. I?e oeueiio oa, ui aaaaeaeiny «iae?iaa?noeeith» ia iaeiiio
aoai?, aeeth/aeiny aei iiaiciaa/i? i?iaeaiaoeee ia ianooiiiio.

Iiae?aia caeiiii??i?noue niinoa??aa?oueny ? uiaei o?ainoi?iaoe?? oe?eae,
ia’?eo?a oa iiiyoo?ai-oa?i?iieia?/iiai aia?aoo e?iaa?noeee oaenoo. Aiia
?icii/eiaeanue c aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iaeueii? no?oeoo?e oaenoo, niinia?a
a?aiaoe/iiai ioi?ieaiiy oaenoiaiai ci?noo. Ia ianooiiiio aoai?
iaioaaea ?aeay oaenoo ye nieneiai? iine?aeiaiino? iiaeaii?aeo ciae?a,
iicia/aii? aeanoeainoyie ca’yciino? oa oe?e?niino?. Aeii?iaioith oeueiai
iai?yieo noaei oneeaaeiaiiy ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, a naia —
ni?yiiaai?noue ia aiae?c ci?noiai? no?oeoo?e oaenoo c ?? ??ciiiai?oieie
anioe?aoeaieie ca’yceaie oa oaiaeaioe??th aei ?iie?eaoe??. Ia?aoo?, o
80-90-? ??. iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei aeey e?iaa?noeee oaenoo aeyaeany
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iee oeyo ?icaeoeo. Iaeiei c eiai aeinyaiaiue noaei
noai?aiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? oai??? oaenoo, ui aeieeea ye ?acoeueoao
niieo/aiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo c ooieoe?iiaeueiith
noee?noeeith, ineoie?iaa?noeeith, i?aaiaoeeith, oai???th ?ioi?iaoe??,
oai???th iiaeaii?aeo aeo?a, ?eoi?eeith. Aeey i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiai
iai?yieo aeanoeaei ? iiaeaeueoa ?icoe?aiiy a?aieoeue oaenoo oeyoii
aeeth/aiiy a iueiai aeaiaio?a iicaoaenoiaiai eiioaenoo. Noiniaii
eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo oea icia/aei ona?aeiieaiiy
iaoiiaeaiino? no?oeoo?ii-cia/aii?aeo iciae oaenoo neooaoe??th eiai
ii?iaeaeaiiy (ae?yeuei?noth aaoi?a, oeiii aae?anaoa, iaoith
eiioi?eaoe??). Oiio i?ae oaenoii ooo ?icoi??oueny aeania iiaia no?oeoo?a
a oe?ieiio neooaoeaii-eiioi?eaoeaiiio ioi/aii?. A?aeiia?aeii
i?iaeaiaoeea eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo aeeth/a? a naaa, cie?aia,
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeeoe oaeno ye iiaeaeue eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo.

Oaeei /eiii, noaiiaeaiiy iiiyooy «oaeno» a e?iaa?noeoe? a?aeaoaaeiny
oeyoii ?ooo a?ae neeaaeiiai neioaene/iiai oe?eiai (ye
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii?, nieneiai? ?aeiino?) aei aeeneo?no – oaenoo a
noeoiiino? c eiai aeno?ae?iaa?noe/ieie oaeoi?aie, aei oaenoo ye
iiaeaii?ai? ae??.

A?aeoae aeooaeueiith iinoa? i?iaeaia e?iaaiiiaoe/iiai aiae?co
eiiieaenii? eaoaai??? «eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a (EN) oaenoo». Aea/aiiy
oe??? eaoaai??? aeicaieeei aeyaeoe ?aeaaaioi? eiioi?eaoeai? ia?aiao?e
iiaoe/iiai oaenoo (IO) ye iiaeae? niaoeeo?/ii? iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?,
a oaeiae ocaaaeueieoe iniiai? aeaiaioe iiiyoo?ai-oa?i?iieia?/iiai
aia?aoo eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo a ?aeeiiio aeine?aeieoeueeiio
eiioaeno?.

Oaeei /eiii, i?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? oaeno ye aeua
aeeiai?/ia iaeeieoey iiae, ye ?aei?noue ci?noiaiai, naiaioe/iiai ?
i?aaiaoe/iiai neeaaeiaeo.

Aaciina?aaei?i ia’?eoii iaoeiai? ?aeiino?oeoe?? ? EN IO ye o?e??aiaaa
ooai?aiiy – noa?a aca?iiae?? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a iiaoe/iiai
eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo (aae?anaioa, aae?anaoa ? niiniao iiaeaii?ai? ae??).

Iaoa ?iaioe – e?iaa?noe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy eiioi?eaoeaieo ia?aiao??a IO,
aeyaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-iiaieo caeiiii??iinoae oaenoiai? ae?yeueiino?
a iiac?? ye eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?ioeano.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe a?aeaeaa? o?e??aiaao aoaeiao EN IO, yea i?noeoue
??ciiiai?oi? niiniae ni?aa?aeianaiiy aae?anaioa ? aae?anaoa ca
aeiiiiiaith iaaieo iiaeaii?aeo ae?e. Aeena?oaoe?y, oaeei /eiii,
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ?icae?e?a (?icae?e ? «Oaeoi? aae?anaioa a
iiaoe/i?e eiioi?eaoe??», ?icae?e ?? «Aae?anao a no?oeoo?? iiaoe/iiai
aeneiaethaaiiy», ?icae?e ??? «Iiaoe/ia eiioi?eaoe?y ye noeoii?noue
iiaeaii?aeo ae?e»), ye? ?ai?acaioothoue ??ci? aoaie aeinyaiaiiy iaoe
?iaioe.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith aaioeaio?e/ieo iniaeeainoae
iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy ye eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?ioeano.

Caaaeaiiy ?icae?eo: — iienaoe IO ye eiioi?eaoeaio i?aaiinaiaioe/io
nenoaio; — aeyaeoe iai?yiee aieeao oaeoi?a aae?anaioa ia ?io?
eiioi?eaoeai? ia?aiao?e; — ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? oa niiniae iiaoaeiae
eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaoe/ieo aae?anaio?a.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iiaoe/ia eiioi?eaoe?y ?icaeyaea?oueny c oi/ee ci?o
oaeoi?a aae?anaoa. Caaaeaiiy ?icae?eo: — aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaoe/iiai aae?anaoa; — aeyaeoe oeie aae?anao?a IO ye
iiaeae? eiioi?eaoe?? oa no?oeoo?oaaoe ?o o aeaeyae? ?aeeii?
aaaaoi??aiaai? eeaneo?eaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaoe/iee aae?anaio ? aae?anao aeine?aeaeothoueny a
eiioaeno? oe?e?nii? iiaeaii?ai? ae??, c oi/ee ci?o eiioi?eaoeaiiai
ia?aiao?a «eiioaeo». Caaaeaiiy ?icae?eo: — ?icaeyiooe niaoeeo?eo
iiaoe/iiai aeneiaethaaiiy, a oaeiae oaeoi?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? ia?aeiieo
iiaeaii?aeo ae?e a iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii?; — i?iaiae?coaaoe ??ciiaeaee
iiaoe/ieo iiaeaii?aeo ae?e c iaeyaeo ia ?icia?ooy oei?a aae?anaioa ?
aae?anaoa.

Aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a IO aeine?aeaeo?oueny
ia iaoa??ae? a??oiai? niaaeueie I. Iaiaeaeueooaia, A.Ianoa?iaea,
I.Oea?oa?ai? – iiao?a, oai?e yeeo ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ??ciiiai?oieie,
/anoi i?ioeeaaeieie iiaeaeyie eiioi?eaoe??. ?oi? ?ae?inoee? ? aeineoue
eiio?anoieie, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe oi?aa?naeueia oa niaoeeo?/ia
a iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii? ye iiaeae? eiioi?eaoe??.

Iaoiaeieia?/iee ooiaeaiaio aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue e?iaa?noe/i?
aeenoeeie?ie, ui aoiaeyoue aei i?aaiaoe/ii? ia?aaeeaie. A eiioaeno?
oe??? ia?aaeeaie oaeno ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeeiai?/iee oaiiiai, ui
a?aeaeaa? aa?aaeueii-eiai?oeaio ae?yeuei?noue eiioi?eaio?a a i?ioean?
eiai ii?iaeaeaiiy/ni?eeiyooy. Ia ??cieo aoaiao ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny
oaeniiii?/iee, eiio?anoeaiee, aeeno?eaooeaiee, o?ainoi?iaoe?eiee iaoiaee
oa iaoiae eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o ni?ia? nenoaiiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-iiaieo i?ioean?a, ui neeaaeathoue niaoeeo?eo iiaoe/ii?
eiioi?eaoe??. Cie?aia, iiaecia ?iaioe aeyaey?oueny o ?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo
aeaiaio?a i?ea?iaeueii? iaoiaeeee eiioi?eaoeaiiai aiae?co IO; a
eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaii? EN IO ia iaoa??ae? ??cieo ?ae?inoeeae; o
no?oeoo?oaaii? a aaaaoi??aiaa? eeaneo?eaoe?? niinia?a ae?aaeaiiy
aae?anaioa oa aae?anaoa a iiac??.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Aeena?oaioii noai?ai? eeaneo?eaoe?? oei?a
aae?anaioa, aae?anaoa oa iiaeaii?aeo ae?e a iiac??.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaenoo c oi/ee
ci?o eiai EN noaiiaeoue iiaee ?aeo?n o aea/aii? iiaoe/ii? naiaioeee.
Iiaeaethaaiiy EN IO aea? iiaeeea?noue i?aaenoaaeoe iniiai? aeaiaioe
oaenoiai? naiaioeee ye aeeiai?/io neeaaeiino?oeoo?iaaio nenoaio.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aeinyaiaiue ??cieo e?iaa?noe/ieo aeenoeeie?i,
ui neeaaeathoue i?aaiaoe/io ia?aaeeaio iiaiciaanoaa, ?iaeoueny ni?iaa
noi?ioaaoe iiiyoo?ai-oa?i?iieia?/iee aia?ao aeey aiae?co eiioi?eaoeaieo
ia?aiao??a IO. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ni?eyoeiooue iiaeaeueoiio
?icaeoeia? ??cieo oai??e oaenoo, eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee, naiaioeee,
noee?noeee oa ?eoi?eee. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? o aoc?anueeeo eo?nao c aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo,
?eoi?eee oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? noee?noeee.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iia(ycaia c iniiaieie iai?yieaie iaoeiai? ae?yeueiino?
a?aeae?eo ?in?enueei? iiae ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
VIII I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c aeooaeueieo i?iaeai
naiaioe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue «Ooieoe?iiaeueiee aniaeo naiaioeee iiaieo
iaeeieoeue» (Oa?e?a, 1997), I?aeaoc?anuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
caaaeueiiai oa c?noaaii-?noi?e/iiai iiaiciaanoaa (?inoia-ia-Aeiio,
1997), I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo «Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iiae oa iiaeaiiy» (I?inuee, 1998), VI
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Naiaioeea iiaieo iaeeieoeue» (Iineaa, 1998),
ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo ?in?enueei? iiae ?inoeoooo iiaiciaanoaa ?i.
I.I.Iioaai? IAIO.

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 i?aoeue.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Ianya aeena?oaoe?? — 188 n. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai
nieneo (153 iaeiaioaaiiy).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny
iaoa, caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee i?aoe?, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??.

?icae?e ia?oee «Oaeoi? aae?anaioa a iiaoe/i?e eiioi?eaoe??» i?enay/aii
aeine?aeaeaiith ooieoe?e oa niinia?a ae?aaeaiiy iiaoe/iiai aae?anaioa. O
ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icae?eo cacia/a?oueny, ui iniiaiith ?aea?th
eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee oaenoo aenooia? i?eioeei eiioi?eaoeaiiai
aeaoa?i?i?cio. E??cue i?ecio oeueiai i?eioeeio oaeno aecia/a?oueny ye
iiaeaeue iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino?, ye cai?iooa nenoaia eiioi?eaoeaiiai
aeoo (EA), c yei? iiaeeeai aeeo/eoe iiceoe?? aaoi?a oa aae?anaoa.
I?aeoiaee aei aiae?co oaenoo, oa?aeoa?i? aeey eiioi?eaoeaii? e?iaa?noeee
oaenoo, oe?eeii a?aeaeaathoue iioieia?/i? iniaeeaino? iiaoe/iiai
(e??e/iiai) oaenoo: oi?iaeueii-cia/aii?aa no?oeoo?a EA aenooia?
iaea?eueo aaeaeaaoiith oi?iith ao?eaiiy iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeanoeainoae
iiaoe/iiai ieneaiiy oa na?oiaa/aiiy. A?aeiia?aeii IO /anoi aoaeo?oueny
ye iiaeaeue EA.

Ca?aeii c i?eioeeiii eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeaoa?i?i?cio ?aeaaaioi?
eiioi?eaoeai? ia?aiao?e IO iaia(yceiai aenie?eothoueny o iiai?e
no?oeoo??, ui o i?aenoieo coiiaeth? aeanoeaino? oaenoo a oe?eiio. Iaeiei
c oaeeo ia?aiao??a aenooia? oaeoi? aae?anaioa. Eiai cia/ou?noue
coiiaeaia oei, ui ca nai?ie ooieoe?iiaeueii-iiaieie ia?aiao?aie iiaoe/ia
eiioi?eaoe?y aeyaey?oueny iiae?aiith aei aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy,
aaoieiioi?eaoe??. Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aco aae?anaioa
aeoiaeeoue c iiae?aiino? oiia eiioi?eaoe?? a iiaoe/iiio oa aioo??oiueiio
iiaeaii?, oioiaeiino? eiioi?eaoeaieo iiceoe?e noa’?eo?a oeeo iiaeaii?aeo
ae?e. Oey iiae?ai?noue aeyaey?oueny a ianooiieo ni?eueieo iciaeao: —
i??i?eoao oi/ee ci?o iiaoey, oiaoi aaioeaio?eci; — ia?aaaaeii
neai?o?eaoeaia, ?aiaoe/ia no?oeoo?a aeneiaethaaiiy; — ceeooy noa’?eoa ?
aae?anaoa iiaeaiiy, oiaoi aaoieiioi?eaoe?y.

Iniiaiee ci?no ia?oiai ?icae?eo neeaaea? eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaoe/ieo
aae?anaio?a (oaenoiaeo ia?ac?a noa’?eoa iiaoe/iiai iia?aeiieaiiy).
Eeaneo?eaoe?y a?oioo?oueny ia ?icoi?ii? aaioeaio?ecio ye oi?aa?naeueii?
aeanoeaino? iiceoe?? aae?anaioa IO. Oiaoi a no?oeoo?? IO ye iiaeae? EA
aeii?io? oaeoi? aae?anaioa. Oea ia? oae? iane?aeee: — oaeoi? aae?anaioa
aieeaa? ia ?io? eiioi?eaoeai? ia?aiao?e oaenoo, caoiiethth/e iiceoe??
aae?anaoa ? ia(?eoa iiaeaiiy; — a noa?? iiaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe??
i?aaenoaaeaia oe?ea nenoaia ??cieo – i?yieo, iai?yieo, iaoii?i?/ieo –
niinia?a ae?aaeaiiy noa’?eoa oaenoo, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue iniaeeaino?
aaioeaio?e/ii? iiaeaii?ai? ae?yeueiino? a iiac??.

Aaaaoi??aiaao eeaneo?eaoe?th iiaoe/ieo aae?anaio?a i?noeoue ae?oaee
i?ae?icae?e. Oeie aae?anaio?a aeae?eythoueny ia iniia?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-nieneiaiai, eiioaenooaeueiiai aiae?co caeiaiiee?a y,
oe, ie, a?i o IO.

ssae?ii eeaneo?eaoe?? ? noa’?eoia iiaeaeue «ss–ss», ui ao?eth?
?aeaaaioi? iniaeeaino? iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy ye aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiai
i?ioeano. Inoaii?e ? coiiaeth? ?icoa?oaaiiy aaoi?nueeiai «ss» ia aeaio
oaenoiaeo eiioi?eaio?a, caeo/aieo a ae?aeia?/io ae?yeuei?noue. I?e/iio
iaeia noi?iia aaoi?nueeiai «ss» noa? oaenoiaei noa’?eoii ciai?oi?o ae?e,
aae?aniaaiiai iiaeaiiy («ss1»), a ?ioa – ia?eia? iiceoe?th noa’?eoa
aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy, ?aoeaeneaieo ae?e («ss2»).

Oey iiaeaeue ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ??cieie neooaoe?yie aeaioaaaioiiai
ae?aeiao. Cie?aia, iiaeaeue «ss–ss» noa? iniiaith noai?aiiy
aeneiaethaaiue, i???ioiaaieo ia iaeaooith (ia?aaeaa/oaaio) ?aie?eo
aae?anaoa. Ooo iia?aeiieaiiy «ss2» neeaaea?oueny c aeaio iiaeaii?aeo
aeo?a: iaeei c ieo aaciina?aaeiuei ni?aa?aeiineoueny c noa(?eoii
iiaeaiiy, a ?ioee ? iai?yiith iiaeaii?aith ae??th, ui i?noeoue iiaeeeao
a?aeiia?aeue aae?anaoa («ss1»). Ii?.: Eoaea iia ?aaeinoue aeaoue iith? A
noeoe, a a?aoe?ioth inueieio? (Ianoa?iae); Eoaea iia aeaoueny a yoii
yiaa?a? Ioe?uoue ai?iae noiana?iaeii oeaiie… Io caieioouo y, /oi ee,
iueyi aeaa?ae? (Iaiaeaeueooai).

Iiae?aio ooieoe?th aeeiiothoue ? eiino?oeoe?? aee?aeoeaii? naiaioeee, ui
aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeoai?ththoue oi/eo ci?o aae?anaoa a?ae eiai ae ?iai?
(oiaoi cai?noue oe aaeeaa?oueny y): ss oieueei aeaai/ea. Iie aeiea Aei
a?a/iiai aaioea Ia caauaaoue, /oi anthaeo — aiee E iiiieoue: y — iaoea
(Oea?oa?aa).

Oaeiae iiaeaeue «ss-ss» iiaea aenooiaoe oaeoi?ii noai?aiiy
aeneiaethaaiue, i???ioiaaieo ia iiia?aaeith ?aie?eo aae?anaoa. Oae
ii?iaeaeothoueny oaenoe, ui ??ciei /eiii a?aeoai?ththoue ?i?oe?aeueio
?aie?eo oa aiaeii/an i?noyoue ?aaeoe?th ia ia?. Ii?.: Ia nii?eoue, a
niaoue. Ia inia?eaaoue, A niaoue. Ia ?aniaoeaaoue ianiao Ieia
(Ianoa?iae).

Oeae oei aae?anaioa noa? iniiaith aeey ii?iaeaeaiiy ?ioeo iiaeaeae
iiaoe/iiai noa’?eoa. Oae, ia ae?oaiio ??ai? eeaneo?eaoe?? ia?aaoaathoue
oeie aae?anaio?a, ooai?ai? oeyoii ?aaeoeoe?? iaeiiai c eiiiiiaio?a
aeo?aeii? iiaeae?. Oe? iiaoe/i? aae?anaioe ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c ??cieie
aa??aioaie iiiieia?/ieo aeneiaethaaiue (aaoi?aoa?aioi? aeneiaethaaiiy,
ni?yiiaai? ia iaaecia/aiiai aae?anaoa: Ia eaaeaony-iaaeo?aniooii eaiaoa
ss – iaeaiueeee ieynoi. ss — oaiue io /ueae-oi oaie. ss – eoiaoee Aeaoo
oaiiuo eoi (Oea?oa?aa); aacaae?anaoi? aioo??oi? iiaeaii?a? ae??:
Oaa?aeue. Aeinoaoue /a?iee e ieaeaoue! Ienaoue i oaa?aea iaac?uae
(Ianoa?iae)), a oaeiae c «ie-iia?aeiieaiiyie», a yeeo niieo/athoueny
iiceoe?? iaio aaoi?nueeeo «ss»: En/aaeuey ianoa?neeo, iu o?acainoe ia
oa?iei (Ianoa?iae).

A oe?eiio ia ae?oaiio ??ai? eeaneo?eaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? niiniae
ii?aeiaiiy «ss1» ? «ss2» a caaaeueiiio eiioi?eaoeaiiio eiioaeno?.
Noa’?eoi? ae iiaeae? o?aoueiai ??aiy eeaneo?eaoe?? ?ai?acaioothoue
??ci? nooiai? aca?iia?aeaeaeaiiy ia?ac?a aaoi?a. A?aeiia?aeii a
iiae?aieo iiaoe/ieo iia?aeiieaiiyo ?i?oothoueny iai?aaeai? eiioi?eaoeai?
ae??. Oea aeeeeea? o?ainoi?iaoe?th iaei??? c neeaaeiaeo aeo?aeiiai
ia?aco aae?anaioa: «ss» ia?aoai?th?oueny ia «Oe», yea a?aeiia?aea?
iiceoe?? aioo??oiueiai aae?anaoa. Iiae?aia eiioi?eaoeaia aeai?no?oue
iiaoe/ieo iia?aeiieaiue, ni?aa?aeianaieo c oe??th noa(?eoiith iiaeaeeth,
ao?eth?oueny o aeaio ??ciiaeaeao «y-oe-aeneiaethaaiue». Ia?oee c ieo
oyae?? aei ?aae?caoe?? ia?aeiii? aaoieiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe??:
eiioi?eaoeaia ?aiea «ss-Oe» aenooia? ye aa??aio iiaeae? «ss-ss», a ye?e
aeooae?ciaaii ae?aeia?/io naiaioeeo oeyoii o?ainiiceoe?? «y(oe».
Iaea?eueo ae?acii oiiai?noue iii?iaoe?? oe aeyaey?oueny a oaenoao, ui
iiaeaeththoue neooaoe?th iiaoe/ii? ?aoeaen??. O oaeee niin?a
noai?th?oueny noa’?eoia iiaeaeue «ss-Oe», a ye?e iaeaeaa eiiiiiaioe
ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c iaei??th ? o??th ae iniaith: Eiaaea aei oii/aeoae
iaei/e Aanue aeaiue i?aae oiaie ia aano, Eeoue ciieiia uaeeaiuea
aaei/uea Ia iieeiao a niieenoii eano (Ianoa?iae).

Ae?oaee ??ciiaeae «y-oe-aeneiaethaaiue» a?aeoai?th? aae?aniaaio
eiioi?eaoe?th. Iiceoe?th «ss» a oaeiio aeneiaethaaii? ia?eia? noa(?eo
ciai?oiueiai iiaeaiiy, yeee caa?oa?oueny aei naiai «aioo??oiueiai
aieino». sseui i?e caa?iaii? noa(?eoa aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy aei
ciai?oiueiai noa(?eoa aeey iicia/aiiy aae?anaoa aeineoue aoei
aeei?enoaoe oe (c iaeyaeo ia aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee oa?aeoa? iia?aeiieaiiy),
oi a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo ciai?oi?e noa(?eo no?oeoo?o? nai? iia?aeiieaiiy
a?aeiia?aeii aei ii?i ciai?oiueiai iiaeaiiy. Oea coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue ia eeoa caa?iooeny aei aae?anaoa, a e ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe
eiai — uia ia?aaeaoe na?e aioo??oi?e noai: Eaaeiiuneea! — Ieeue a?ao,
Ieeue niooiee e a?aa iie ieeue! (Oea?oa?aa); Oiienue, iocueaio
ano?aaiaeaiiue, Ethae, aniiieiae e iea/ue (Iaiaeaeueooai).

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaio ianooiieo oei?a aae?anaio?a aaaeeeaei ?
?icoi?iiy iiaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe?? ye noa?e aaniethoiiai aeii?ioaaiiy
oi/ee ci?o a?aei?aaieea. Oiaoi iiaoe/ia iia?aeiieaiiy ia iaia’yceiai
ia?aaeaa/a? eeoa i?yia iiaeaiiy a?ae ?iai? e??e/iiai «ss»: aaoi?nueea
na?aeii?noue a iiac?? iiaea aooe ae?aaeaia a iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo oi?iao,
cie?aia ciaoiaeeoe nai? ao?eaiiy a iaoii?i?/i?e aeii?iaio? oa a
aeniain?? a noa’?eoio iiaeaeue 3-? iniae. Oaeei /eiii, /aoaa?oee ??aaiue
eeaneo?eaoe?? neeaaeathoue iai?yi?, iaoii?i?/i? ia?ace iiaoe/ieo
aae?anaio?a. Ooo i?aaenoaaeaii iia?aeiieaiiy, a yeeo a) noa’?eo iiaeaiiy
iieiy?oueny ia iiceoe?? ia’?eoa (ia?niiaaea) iiaeaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeii
iicia/a?oueny ye «A?i». Oaenoiaee ia?ac «ss-A?i» iiaeaeth? neooaoe?th, a
ye?e iaeei c eiioi?eaio?a noa? ia(?eoii ?aoeaeneaii? ae?yeueiino? ?ioiai
eiioi?eaioa. Cie?aia, oey iiaeaeue a?aeoai?th? neooaoe?th naiiioe?iee:
Ethaeiay, — aeooue! Eiaaea ethaeo iiyo, Aethaeyaony aia iai?eeayiiue
(Ianoa?iae); Oaeiau ecaanoueeoea E Aai — n ?one nieiiaiiie! Oi?ioa
neiaanieoea: Aeaa ?oee caeiieaiu! (Oea?oa?aa); a) a?aenooi?noue
aae?anaioa eiiiaino?oueny cia?aaeaiiyi eiai noa’?eoeaii? oi/ee ci?o, yea
i?noeoue ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i eiai iieiaeaiiy a i?inoi?? oa niin?a
ni?eeiyooy iei na?oo. Ooieoe?th «ciae?a i?enooiino?» aae?anaioa iiaeooue
aeeiioaaoe iaoaoi?e (E Aiao eaeoo iaeaea; Eaioie oieiu iaeaay, Oeoay e
aieoaay Ieauao Iea (Oea?oa?aa); Ethaeth ?acuacaeu neai?/aueo o?aiaaaa, E
ano?aoaineoth ee?o anoaeueoa, Iae?uooth nieiiaiiie ?iaiaeae
(Iaiaeaeueooai)) aai neiaeaeioe (Oiaeyo aiou, oiaeyo na?ua O Ainoeiiai
aeai?a (Iaiaeaeueooai); Ii oeoue. E eenoie ia oaeioi?ony. Ie i?eciaea
cae, e?iia aeooeeo Aeioeia e ieaneaiuey a oeaiaioeao E acaeioia e ne?c a
i?iiaaeooea (Ianoa?iae)).

Oaeei /eiii, c oi/ee ci?o noa’?eoa iiaoe/ia eiioi?eaoe?y aeeth/a? a naaa
??ci? iiaeae? aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy, aae?aniaai? aeneiaethaaiiy oa
iia?aeiieaiiy c i?eoiaaiei aae?anaioii.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? («Aae?anao a no?oeoo?? iiaoe/iiai aeneiaethaaiiy»)
?icaeyaea?oueny, ye aaoieiioi?eaoeai?noue – ui ? ?aeaaaioiith
aeanoea?noth iiaoe/iiai aeeneo?no – aeyaey?oueny a ??cieo niiniaao
ae?aaeaiiy ia?aiao?a «aae?anao».

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? i?noeoueny caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaoe/iiai
aae?anaoa. Iiaoe/ia aae?aniaai?noue iicia/aia oaeeie ?enaie:

— aenie?oeeoi?noue/?iie?oeeoi?noue iiaoe/iiai aae?anaoa. Eiioi?eaoeaia
iiceoe?y noa’?eoa IO ? aeai?noith. C iaeiiai aieo, oea iiceoe?y iin?y
aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy, ni?yiiaaiiai ia aaoieiioi?eaoeaieo aae?anao?a; c
?ioiai aieo, oea onoaiiaea ia noai?aiiy neeaaeiii?aai?ciaaiiai ienaiiiai
oaenoo, i???ioiaaiiai ia iiaeeeaiai (iiaeaeueiiai) aae?anaoa. Oaea
aca?iiae?y «iiaeaiiy aeey naaa» oa «iiaeaiiy aeey ?ioeo» ? ii?iaeaeo?
iie?aae?aniaai?noue iiaoe/iiai aeneiaethaaiiy, eiai ni?yiiaai?noue ? ia
iacaaiiai ni?a?iciiaieea, ? ia oyaiiai;

— iaiaeiicia/i?noue aioo??oiueiai aae?anaoa (oaenoiaiai
aae?anaoa-ia?niiaaea), ooieoe?th yeiai iiaea aeeiioaaoe nai aae?anaio,
aoaeue-yea ?ioa iniaa, ia-iniaa;

— eieeaaiiy i?ae aeaiia eiioi?eaoeaieie noaoonaie «oe». Ii-ia?oa, «oe»
iicia/a? aae?anaoa aioo??oiueiai ae?aeiao c eiie?aoiith iniaith (aai
ia-iniaith) ?, oaeei /eiii, aeaco? ia aae?aniaaiee oa?aeoa? iiaeaiiy;
ii-ae?oaa, «oe» aenooia? ye ia’?eo aeneiaethaaiiy, ye aeaiaio
i?aaeeeaoeaiiai eiioaenoo. Oeei coiiaeaiee aeeiai?/iee, noia?a/eeaee
noaoon «oe-caa?iaiue» – ii?aeiaiiy a ieo ooieoe?e aae?anaoe??, aiaeyoe??
(ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy aaoieiioi?eaoeaiino? iiac??) oa oa?aeoa?ecaoe?? (ye
aeanoeaino? aae?aniaaiiai iiaeaiiy). A?aeoae iiaoe/ia «oe» eieeaa?oueny
i?ae iiceoe?yie aae?anaoa oa ia’?eoa iiaeaiiy.

Ioaea, iiceoe?th aae?anaoa o iiaoe/iiio iia?aeiieaii? iiaea ia?eiaoe
«ss», «Oe» aai «A?i».

Eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaoe/ieo aae?anao?a (yea iiaea?oueny o ae?oaiio
i?ae?icae?e? ?icae?eo) neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio ??ai?a. Ia ia?oiio ??ai?
?icaeyaea?oueny aioo??oiy aae?anaoe?y (aaoiaae?anaoe?y) a iiac??,
i?aaenoaaeaii oeie aae?anao?a a aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiio eiioaeno?. Ae?oaee
??aaiue i?noeoue aeneiaethaaiiy, a yeeo aaoiaae?anaoe?y ii?aeio?oueny ?c
«ciai?oiueith» aae?anaoe??th. Ia?aoo?, o?ao?e ??aaiue ?ai?acaioo? oeie
«ciai?oi?o» aae?anao?a a iiac??.

Na?aae oei?a aae?anao?a a aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiio aeneiaethaaii?
ae??ciythoueny: aae?anao, oioiaeiee aae?anaioia?; aaciina?aaei?e
aae?anao; iaoii?i?/iee aae?anao; ciai?oi?e aae?anao ia iiceoe??
aioo??oiueiai; aae?anao–ia’?eo iiaeaiiy.

Aae?anao, oioiaeiee aae?anaioia?. Aeeth/aiiy aaoi?a a no?oeoo?o oaenoo
ia eeoa ye aae?anaioa, aea ye ? aioo??oiueiai aae?anaoa noaiiaeoue
oeiiaee aeiaaeie i?e?iaeii? aaoieiioi?eaoe??, ui iino?eii
a?aeoai?th?oueny a iiac??. Aaoiaae?aniaaiee ae?aeia iicia/aii
?aoeaeneaiith ?icaeai?i?noth noa’?eoa iiaeaiiy ia «ss1» oa «ss2». I?e
oeueiio eiioi?eaoeaiee niene iaeiiai c «ss» ca?aa?oueny c ooieoe??th
aae?anaoa.

Iaea?eueo ae?acii aae?anaoia ooieoe?y «ss» ?aae?co?oueny o ?icai?iooeo
ieoaeueii-a?aeiia?aeieo eiino?oeoe?yo, ine?eueee aeneiaethaaiiy (ye
iaai? iiaeaii?a? ae??), ui ?o neeaaeathoue, ia iiaeooue aeoiaeeoe c
iaei??? eiioi?eaoeaii? iiceoe??. Ii?.: Eoi nieo ii ii/ai? ieeoi ia nieo!
?aa?iie a etheueea naiae e?e/eo, Noa?ee iaae nia?oueth naiae neaeeo
(Oea?oa?aa); Oaeaeo iui/a ee iiyoue a?? Aei iiacaea aaaeue /an.
Eiia/ii! (Ianoa?iae).

Aaciina?aaei?e aae?anao. I?yiiio ae?aaeaiith aae?anaoa a?aeiia?aea?
aeei?enoaiiy oi?i oniiai ae?aeia?/iiai iiaeaiiy, ia?o ca ana – ae?oai?
iniae ia iicia/aiiy aae?anaoa aioo??oiueiai ae?aeiao. Ia?aianaiiy
ae?aeia?/ieo no?oeoo? o oaeee eiioi?eaoeaii aeai?noee eiioaeno, ye
iiaoe/ia iiaeaiiy, aeeeeea? ?o ??ciiiai?oi? o?ainoi?iaoe??. O ca’yceo c
oeei ae??ciy?oueny o?e ??ciiaeaee iiaoe/ieo «oe-aeneiaethaaiue»:

— iiaeaeue «ss-Oe» ye ?acoeueoao ae?aeia?caoe?? aaoieiioi?eaoeaii?
iiaeae? «ss1-ss2». Aaciina?aaei?e aae?anao o oeueiio ??ciiaeae?
oioiaeiee iaeiiio c aaoi?nueeeo «ss». Oeueiio a?aeiia?aea? oiiai?noue
iii?iaoe?? oe: ?? eiioi?eaoeaiei i?aeoaenoii ? ooieoe?y noa’?eoa
iiaeaiiy: *oi a iaa, eiaaea iiacaeia ?anienaiuea Eaiuoeineie aaoeie
/eoaaoue a eoia, Iii a?aiaeeiciae nayoiai ienaiuey E /??iuo io iuee e
ao?ue eaiaia (Ianoa?iae); Eaaia?oaeue a?ii Eaii iiaeneooai aue. Oae – i
eaiaiue eaii – Eoi oaay ethaee? (Oea?oa?aa);

— iiaeaeue «ss-Oe» ye ?acoeueoao aae?anaioiiai ?icieeaiiy
aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiai eiioaenoo. A oeueiio ??ciiaeae? «oe-aeneiaethaaiue»
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy a?aenoai? i?ae eiioi?eaioaie, ine?eueee
a?aeiinii «Oe» noa’?eo iiaeaiiy ia?aaoaa? a aia?aaeaioiiio iieiaeaii?,
ia?eiath/e iiceoe?? iin?y ? aioo??oiueiai, ? ciai?oiueiai iiaeaiiy
iaeii/anii: ss aa?ioeny a iie ai?iae, ciaeiiue aei ne?c, Aei i?iaeeeie,
aei aeaoneeo i?eiooeuo aeae?c. Ou aa?ioeny nthaea, oae aeioae aea nei?ae
?uaee aee? eaieia?aaeneeo ?a/iuo oiia?ae (Iaiaeaeueooai); Eiaaea y oiae
i?aae oiaie, ioaaoea Ooiai yoio, e?ae yoio, yoo iiaa?oiinoue (Eae ou
oi?ioa!) – yoio aeo?ue aeooiou – I /?i ou? Iiiiienue! I?iiaei. Ioaa?aioo
(Ianoa?iae);

— iiaeaeue «ss-Oe» ye ?acoeueoao aae?anaoiiai ?icieeaiiy
aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiai eiioaenoo. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo aaea «Oe»
eieae?ciaaiee ye ona?aaeei? aaoieiioi?eaoe??, oae ? iica iath. ?aeeiei
iin??i aioo??oiuei? iiae ? aae?anaio («ss2»), a ca aae?anaoa aenooia? ye
eiai (aae?anaioa) aioo??oi?e ae?aeia?/iee aea?eiee («ss1»), oae ?
aeiaaeeiaee, iaaecia/aiee ciai?oi?e ?aoeei??io.: Iiyo eee i?inoi
aeaoaoae, Aa?ieueae eee i?inoi iiyo, A a?oaee oaiae – oiiio eioaaeiue E
naeaoinoue iaiae e ii/iuo ynoaoao (Ianoa?iae).

Iaoii?i?/iee aae?anao iiaeaeth?oueny oeyoii ?iaeiiiaiiai iicia/aiiy
iaaii? iciaee eiioi?eaioa. Ca nai?ie ooieoe?iiaeueieie iciaeaie
iaoii?i?/iee aae?anao ni?aa?aeianaiee c «ss», «Oe» (oiio ui ? aeaiaioii
caa?iaiiy), a oaeiae c «A?i» (/a?ac iayai?noue o iie? aae?anaoa
i?aaeeeaoeaieo iaeeieoeue, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia’?eo iiaeaiiy).
E?eoa???i aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? aeneiaethaaiue c iiae?aiei aae?anaoii
aenooia? i??a eiai a?aeaeaeaiino? a?ae aae?anaioa, a oaeiae i?noea ia
oeae? «y – oe – a?i».

Iaeiaioa a?aenoaiue i?ae eiioi?eaioaie niinoa??aa?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii?
neiaeaeioe – i?eeiio, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? iaoii?i??. Ooieoe?y
neiaeaeioe iieyaa? o iii?iaoe?? noa(?eoa ca eiai iaaiith iciaeith. O
oaeee niin?a iiaeaeth?oueny aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee eiioaeno, a yeiio
aae?anaioa ? aae?anaoa ii?aeiaii ca i?eioeeiii «oe?ea//anoeia». Ii?.:
Ne?cu, ne?cu – aeeaay aiaea! Ne?cu, ne?ca – aeaaay aaaea! Caeeiaeoa ec
aea?eeo iaae?, I?ieeaaeoanue ec aea?eeo aae (Oea?oa?aa).

sse caniae noai?aiiy iaoii?i?/iiai ia?aco aae?anaoa iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny e naiaioe/ii iaaecia/ai? eaenaie, ui iicia/athoue ?
??ci? noi?iie aioo??oiueiai na?oo ethaeeie, ? aano?aeoi? nooiino?: I
nouae, ou a oyainoue iia! I niaanoue, a yoii ?aiiai ?ac?uaa noieueei
a?ac, ianoie/eauo aua! (Ianoa?iae)

Ciai?oi?e aae?anao ia iiceoe?? aioo??oiueiai. Ia?aianaiiy ooieoe??
aae?anaoa aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy ia a?aenooith iniao oaeiae ? iaeiei c
aeya?a aaoieiioi?eaoeaii? i?e?iaee iiac?? – ?? oyae?iiy aei
iiaeaethaaiiy oyaiiai ae?aeiao c aoaeue-yeei ia’?eoii aeoiee.

Ii-ia?oa, ciai?oi? «Oe» iiaea aenooiaoe ye ooieoe?iiaeueiee neiii?i
«ss1». O a?aeiia?aei? aeneiaethaaiiy aaoaeiaaii eiioi?eaoeaio ?aieo
«ss-Oe», i?ioa iiaeaii?a? ia?o?? eiioi?eaio?a ni?aa?aeiinyoueny c iaeiei
? oei naiei «ss»: noa’?eo i?aai?co? oyaia ni?eeoaaiiy, ?i?ooth/e i?e
oeueiio iiaeaii?a? ae?? a?aenooiueiai «Oe». Inoaii?, oaeei /eiii,
iieiy?oueny ia iiceoe?? «ss1» ye aaciina?aaeiueiai aae?anaoa
aaoieiioi?eaoe??. Ii?.: Iaoa?eineia – neaicue nii – ooi. O iaiy e oaaa
iaeeii neooa, Aeooa – e no?aaeaeouaio: aeae?o? aea? O iaiy e oaaa iaeeii
eaa… (Oea?oa?aa).

Ii-ae?oaa, ciai?oi? «Oe» iiaea aooe aae?anaoii aeni?aneaiiai
aeneiaethaaiiy. A iiae?aieo iia?aeiieaiiyo «Oe» ia? ae?aciee noaoon
ciai?oiueiai aae?anaoa, i?ioa noa’?eo caa?oa?oueny aei iueiai ye aei
naiiai naaa. Oea i?ioe??//y aeiea?oueny /a?ac iaaoooy aae?anaoii
ooieoe?? neooa/a. Naia oaea ooieoe?y, ii?aeioaaia c a?aenooi?noth o
iaea?aeoaa/a aeoeaieo iiaeaii?aee ?aaeoe?e, ? iciaeith aae?anaoa
aeni?aneaieo iia?aeiieaiue. Aiie i?noyoue o nia? i?yio
aaoioa?aeoa?enoeeo noa’?eoa oa iiaoaeiaai? a?aeiia?aeii aei
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo i?eioeei?a aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy, ine?eueee ?o
ni?aaaei?i aae?anaoii aenooia? nai aae?anaio. Ii?.: Ia naiicaaiea – y
i?eoea aeiiie, E ia neoaeaiea – iia ia iaaei oeaaa. ss – no?anoue oaiy,
aine?aniue ioaeuo oaie, Oaie aeaiue naaeueiie, oai? naaeueiia iaai
(Oea?oa?aa).

Ii-o?ao?, ciai?oi? «Oe» iiaea aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?th ia’?eoa aioo??oiueiai
iiaeaiiy. Neooaoe?y, ui a?aeiia?aea? oeueiio oeio aae?anaoa, iicia/aia
iicaeiioi?eaoeai?noth. Ooo a?aenooiy iaa?oue aaoiaae?aniaai?noue,
ine?eueee «Oe» caeia? iiceoe?th ia’?eoa iiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iiaeueii
aei??aith? o?ao?e inia?: E ou iuoaaoueny aeaeoie Acaeaaoue
?anna?aeaiiith eiaeeie, Ii iiaaeae, ii eciaiia, E an?-oaee au? iaiiiaeei
(Iaiaeaeueooai).

Ciai?oi?e ia’?eo ia iiceoe?? aioo??oiueiai aae?anaoa. Iii?e iiaeaiiy o
ae?oa?e inia?, iiae?ai? aeneiaethaaiiy ni?yiiaai? ia iii?iaoe?th ia’?eoa
oa ia i?eienoaaiiy eiio ??cieo iciae. Oea ni?e/eiy? iaeo?ae?caoe?th
iaae? i?ae ae?oaith oa o?aoueith iniaith, iaea?aeoaa/ai oa ia’?eoii
iiaeaiiy: Aeoa aiaiai?/aneee! A aie Anai ei?iai oanoaothuee!
Eau-i?iaeaeeoeu iie! Aa??cu-aeaanoaaiieoeu! (Oea?oa?aa); Ionoe iaiy,
ioaeae iaiy, Ai?iiaae: O?iieoue ou iaiy eeue i?iai?iieoue, Ou au?iieoue
iaiy eee aa?i?oue, — Ai?iiaae – aeaaeue, Ai?iiaae – ai?ii, iiae…
(Iaiaeaeueooai).

Ia ae?oaiio ??ai? i?noyoueny aeneiaethaaiiy, ui ?ai?acaioothoue
?icai?ioo? aa??aioe iiaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe??. A ieo ??ci? oeie
aaioeaio?e/ieo iiaeaii?aeo ae?e oneeaaeiththoueny i???ioaoe??th ia
iaaecia/aiiai, aeiaaeeiaiai ciai?oiueiai aae?anaoa, ui ao?eth?oueny o
ae?aci?e oaia-?aiaoe/i?e no?oeoo??: Iia A?aina nua?atho, — y naeainy, y
aniiiith Oi?yioth ca?ineue, e e?iaeth, e aoiae, Aaeeii iieoo?iiue e
eiiiao ieoiiiee, Oeuaeo, e iaeee, e a?iae, e ?io (Ianoa?iae); Oieueei
aeaoneea eieae /eoaoue, Oieueei aeaoneea aeoiu eaeayoue, An? aieueoia
aeae?ei ?acaayoue, Ec aeoaieie ia/aee ainnoaoue (Iaiaeaeueooai).

Eeaneo?eaoe?th caaa?oo? aiae?c aieeao ia IO oaeoi?a ciai?oiueiai
aae?anaoa. Inoaii?e noaiiaeoue iaaio aae?anaoio iiaeaeue, c a?aooaaiiyi
yei? aoaeo?oueny iiaoe/ia iia?aeiieaiiy. Aeey iiac?? aeanoeaa
aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo iiaeaeae ciai?oi?o aae?anao?a – eiie?aoiiai,
ocaaaeueiaiiai oa aeiaaeeiaiai, — eiaeia c yeeo iicia/aia iaaieie
eiai?oeaii-iiaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa ??ciei nooiaiai aeecueeino? aei
aae?anaioa. Iiaeaethaaiiy ni?eeoaaiiy c eiie?aoiei aae?anaoii
aeyaey?oueny iiae?aiei aei aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiai i?ioeano: ss neaaeo oaaa
n iineaaeiae I?yiioie: An? eeoue a?aaeie – oa??e-a?aiaee, — Aiaae iie
(Iaiaeaeueooai). Ocaaaeueiaiee aae?anao aieno?oueny aei oaenoo ca
aeiiiiiaith i?eeii?a caa?iaiiy oa ia?eo?ace: Caaeoaeeeny y a iaaa – /oi
aeaeaoue? Oio, eiio iii aeecei, — ioaaoue! (Iaiaeaeueooai).
Aeneiaethaaiiy c aeiaaeeiaei aae?anaoii ? ?acoeueoaoii ?aaeoeoe??
aoaeue-yeeo aa?aaeueieo neaiae?a io?eioaa/a oa oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
iine?aeiaiei aeeeaaeii ?ioi?iaoe??: Ia?aaei iiith aieiu ii?y. Eo iiiai.
Ei iaiuneei n/?o. Eo oueia. Iie ooiyo a ieii?a. I?eaie, eae aaoee, eo
ia/?o (Ianoa?iae).

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? («Iiaoe/ia eiioi?eaoe?y ye noeoii?noue iiaeaii?aeo
ae?e») iiaoe/ia eiioi?eaoe?y aeine?aeaeo?oueny c oi/ee ci?o ia?aiao?a
«eiioaeo». Oiaoi o?ao?e ??aaiue EN (ye cacia/a?oueny o ia?oiio
i?ae?icae?e? ?icae?eo) neeaaeathoue ??ciiiai?oi? iiaeaii?a? ae?? (IAe),
ui ao?eththoue oeae eiioi?eaoeaiee ia?aiao?. A?aeiia?aeii IO
aecia/a?oueny ye oe?e?nia iiaeaeue iaaii? iiaeaii?ai? ae??, a ye?e
?ioaa?othoueny iaenooo?a?o? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaoe/ieo aae?anaio?a ?
aae?anao?a, caeo/aieo a ?aeeio eiioi?eaoeaio neooaoe?th ye noa?o
cae?eniaiiy IAe.

A iiaoe/iiio eiioaeno? ia ia?aeii? IAe (caieoaiiy, caa?iaiiy,
aee?aeoeaiee ae?ac oiui) ae?thoue o? nai? oaeoi?e, ui e o noa??
aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy: aaioeaio?e/ia aeii?ioaaiiy aae?anaioa, ui
iaoiiaeth? o?ainoi?iaoe?th eiioi?eaoeaieo iiceoe?e aae?anaoa ? ia’?eoa
iiaeaiiy; aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee oa?aeoa? iia?aeiieaiiy; aeeooci?noue iaae
i?ae neeaaeiaeie EA. A oeeo oiiaao ci?iththoueny
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? aeanoeaino? IAe.

??ci? oeie iiaoe/ieo iiaeaii?aeo ae?e aiae?cothoueny a ianooiieo
i?ae?icae?eao ?icae?eo.

O?ainoi?iaoe?y aee?aeoeaa a iiac?? coiiaeaia ?? niaoeeo?/iith
eiioi?eaoeaiith i?e?iaeith, a naia – a?aenooi?noth ?aaeueiiai aae?anaoa
a neooaoe?? iiaae?iiy, ui aeeeeea? ci?io iiaeaeueiino? aee?aeoeaa: Au? e
au? – ianie Neaaaeoa i ii?i e?anoa! Aua e au? – ia?noie Oeaeoeoa ia iiae
?oea!; ?anneaaee, nai?athuee iaaineeii, I?i aeaca, /oi /a?iu io aiee
(Oea?oa?aa).

Aee?aeoea caa??aa? niiioeaeueia cia/aiiy eeoa o aeiaaeeo
aaoieiioi?eaoe??, oiaoi i?e i?yiiio ae?aaeaii? aioo??oiueiai aae?anaoa:
N i?eoai?iie iaaeiinoueth o ecaieiauey noie E nai naay anth aeeciue
aatheae (Iaiaeaeueooai); Eue naaa aeiaa?/eauo iiae?oa, Ia aui?aaeaoeo
/oaea ia /enei (Oea?oa?aa).

A iiaoe/i?e eiioi?eaoe?? ae??ciy?oueny aeae?eueea oei?a ieoaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

Caieoaiiy, yea iio?aao? a?aeiia?ae?, iiaea aooe eieae?ciaaia ye a
aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiio eiioaeno?, oae ? a no?oeoo?? aae?aniaaiiai iiaeaiiy.
O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo iayaia aeooae?caoe?y niiioeaeueii? naiaioeee,
ine?eueee oa?aeoa? eiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? i?enooi?noue
aae?anaoa, a ci?no ieoaiiy iio?aao? a?aeiia?ae?. I?ioa iacaeaoi?noue
aae?anaoa aeaoe a?aeiia?aeue iaaea? caieoaiith noaoon o?aaiaioa
iaaae?aniaaiiai aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy: Iia oi/aony aaaeaoue io iiaai
ii?iaa. Eoaea? Ia oeeoea oaiii (Iaiaeaeueooai). O ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo
a?aenooi?noue a?aeiia?ae? coiiaeaia ni?yiiaai?noth caieoaiiy ia
ciai?oiueiai aae?anaoa. Ieoaeueia cia/aiiy i?aeo?eio?oueny eeoa
i?aaiaoeeith caieoaiiy. Iacaeaoi?noue aae?anaioa a?aeiia?noe ia oe?
a?aenooiino? aae?anaoa iiiieia?co? iiae?ai? aeneiaethaaiiy: caieoaiiy
ia?aoai?ththoueny ia aeni?aneaio aeaeea?aoe?th aeanii? iaia?ciaiino?:
Eaeei iaeoeai, Eaeeie enoeiaie, I /ai ooieoa au, ?aceeau eenoaaiiua?;
Ao, cai?ieeiooa oaiy aieiaa, Iieocae?uou aeaca – /oi? – i?y/a
(Oea?oa?aa).

Iiaoe/ia caieoaiiy, ui ia iio?aao? a?aeiia?ae?, ia? ?ioa ?ioi?iaoe?eia
i?ecia/aiiy oa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny neeaaeiith nieneiaith no?oeoo?ith.
Iiae?aiee oei IAe a?aeoai?th? ??ciiiai?oi? ?icoiia? i?ioeane: ss ia
neuoae ?anneacia Inneaia, Ia i?iaiaae noa?eiiiai aeia; Ca/ai aea iia
ia?aueony iieyia, Oioeaiaeee e?iaaaay eoia? (Iaiaeaeueooai); aai
aeei?enoiao?oueny ye aeni?aneaiee can?a oaa?aeaeaiiy: Noieo ia i??oaie
oi/ea /an Ia iooiai eue, /oi ii iaia/ai, *oi aeae/ue iiy ia ?aceeeanue,
*oi o iaiy ia ianoa ia/aiue? (Ianoa?iae).

A oiiaao iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy aeni?anea iiaea aenooiaoe aai o aeaeyae?
iieniaiai iia?aeiieaiiy, aai ye aae?aniaaia IAe. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
aeni?anea ? iaaiei iia?aeiieaiiyi, a yea aaaaeaii iiceoe?th aae?anaioa,
a i???ioaoe?y ia iiaeeeaiai aae?anaoa a?aenooiy: A iaae Iaaie –
iinieuenoaa iieoie?a, Aaeie?aeoaenoai, nieioea, oeoeia! (Iaiaeaeueooai).
O ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo iia?aeiieaiiy ni?yiiao?oueny aeiaaeeiaiio aae?anaoo.
I?e oeueiio aeni?anea ia? aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee noa?
noa?ith aeooae?caoe?? niaoeeo?/ieo no?oeoo? aioo??oiueiai iiaeaiiy: I,
ciae au y, /oi oae auaaao, Eiaaea ioneaeny ia aeaatho, *oi no?i/ee n
e?iaueth – oaeaatho, Iaoeuioo ai?eii e oauetho! (Ianoa?iae).

Iiaoe/ia caa?iaiiy – oea neeaaeia IAe, iniiaieie naiaioe/ieie
eiiiiiaioaie yeiai aenooiathoue eiinoaoaoe?y, aeni?an?y oa niiioeaiiy.
Oaea ooieoe?iiaeueia oneeaaeiai?noue caa?iaiiy iia’ycaia c aeanoeaeie
iiaoe/i?e eiioi?eaoe?? eieeaaiiyie i?ae 2-th oa 3-th iniaaie,
aae?anaoii oa ia’?eoii iiaeaiiy, aiaeyoe??th oa i?aaeeeaoe??th. A?aeoae
a iiaoe/iiio caa?iaii? ni?a?niothoue aae?aniaaia oa iaaae?aniaaia IAe,
aaciina?aaeiy aeni?an?y oa iiiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?ecaoe?y.

Iaea?eueo aeecueeei ia?aeii?e ooieoe?? oe??? IAe ? caa?iaiiy aei
aaoieiioi?eaoeaiiai aae?anaoa. Oae, a ?aieao iiaeae? «ss-Oe» iayaia
iaeaea aaeaeaaoia a?aeoai?aiiy i?e?iaeieo eiioi?eaoeaieo oiia
?aae?caoe?? caa?iaiiy: «ss» aenooia? ye noaeaey, e?eoee, eiiaioaoi?
noiniaii «Oe»: Ou iiiye aeaaeainoai caiyoee, Oaea/e caeii e nae?ao. Ou
iiiye, /oi i?acaeiinoue – i?ieeyouea E n/anouey aac iiaeaeaa iao
(Ianoa?iae). Caa?iaiiy ae aei eiie?aoii? iniae aai aei ia’?eoa
ia?aoai?th?oueny ia iiiieia?/io aen?ieia?/io ae?th: Iaaeio?iaa, oeoiiy a
auoo, Ou nae/an any iaiiue, any ai?aiuea. Aeae cai?o y oaith e?anioo A
o?iiii oa?aia noeoioai?aiuey; Aiecae, ianai?aaiue yuee ?aceoe iieo,
ano?a/ e ?aceoe (Ianoa?iae).

A iiaoe/i?e IAe «ia?oeyiiy» ia?aeiia eiioi?eaoeaia ooieoe?y
iia?aeiieaiiy ao?a/a?oueny: aiii ia?aoai?th?oueny ia ?icoiiaa
ieaioaaiiy noa’?eoii nai?o ae?e: Iia A?aina nua?atho, — y acae?iaio, y
naeainy, ss aniiiith iieoieo i?eiania e e?oi, Nooiaiueee oa??anu e
eiiiao oa?ainoai, E a?aoa, e nuia, e eeoiao, e aeoa (Ianoa?iae).
Aeae?eythoueny oaeiae ia?oeyiiy–aeni?aneae, ye? iiaeaeththoue
noai?aeeiaoeai? noinoiee i?ae eiioi?eaioaie: oeyoii aacaiaeyoe?eiiai
oaa?aeaeaiiy «ss» iia?aeiiey? aae?anaoo i?i nai? iaeaooi? ae??. Ii?.:
Aua iaeii iaiiaaiuea, E y neaaeo oaaa: Ia ?aaeinoue, a io/aiuea ss
iaoiaeo a oaaa (Iaiaeaeueooai).

Ooieoe??th iiaoe/ii? aeaeea?aoe?? (yea naia ii nia? ? i?eanaethaeiith
IAe) ? aaoieiioi?eaoeaia iia?aeiieaiiy aae?anaioa naiiio nia? i?i aeania
??oaiiy: A aeaiue Aeaaiaauaiuey Iiaeoaa?aeaeath oi?aeanoaaiii: Ia iaaei
iia ?o/iuo aieoaae, eaaaaeae, i?eyo!; Aeaaineiaeyth aaeaaeiaaiue o?oae,
Aeaaineiaeyth aaeaiiuiue nii (Oea?oa?aa).

AENIIAEE

Eiioi?eaoeaiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co IO noaiiaeoue ni?iao oe?e?niiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaoe/ii? naiaioeee. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeae? EA ye
aeine?aeieoeueeiai i?eioeeio aeicaieeei iienaoe aeaye? niiniae iiaoaeiae
IO oa iiynieoe iaai? caeiiii??iino? aeei?enoaiiy iiae a iiac??.
I?aenoieii eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy IO noaea ?aeiino?oeoe?y
eiioi?eaoeaii? no?oeoo?e oaenoo, a ye?e cao?eniaaii ye iniiai? neeaaeia?
iiaoe/iiai EA, oae ? any noeoii?noue aeeiai?/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae ieie.

Aiae?c ?ae?inoeeae A.Ianoa?iaea, I.Iaiaeaeueooaia, I.Oea?oa?ai? aeyaea
ianooiia: i?iaiae?ciaai? eiioi?eaoeai? oaeoi?e no?oeoo?oaaiiy IO
aeanoea? oai?ai on?o o?ueio iiao?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?o (oaeoi??a)
caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. I?e oeueiio, ia oe? oi?aa?naeueieo caeiiii??iinoae
iiaoe/ii? eiioi?eaoe??, ae??ciythoueny ?ae?inoeeueia? oiiaeiaaiiy
iiao?a o iiaoaeia? IO ye iiaeae? EA. Oae, iiac?? Ianoa?iaea ia?o ca ana
aeanoeaa ?icaeai?iiy aaoi?nueei? na?aeiiino? ia aeaa oaenoiaeo noa’?eoa
i?e aeii?ioaaii? «ss» aioo??oiueiai. Iiac?? Oea?oa?ai? oa Ianoa?iaea
iniaeeai aeanoeaee aaoieiioi?eaoeaiee aae?anao, oioiaeiee aae?anaioia?.
E??i oiai, a oaenoao Ianoa?iaea – /a?ac aaoieiioi?eaoeaio caieiai?noue
eiai iiac?? – a?aenooiy iiceoe?y ocaaaeueiaiiai aae?anaoa. Aaeeea
eiioeaio?aoe?y iciaeiai? naiaioeee a oaenoao Iaiaeaeueooaia
ae?aaea?oueny, cie?aia, a /anoiio aeei?enoaii? caieoaiue, ui ia
iio?aaothoue a?aeiia?ae?. A iiac?? Oea?oa?ai? ??ci? oeie IAe iae/ano?oa
ni?yiiaothoueny ia ciai?oiueiai aae?anaoa. A a iiac?? Ianoa?iaea
iiaeaii?a? ae?? cae?eniththoueny a oiiaao aeecueeino? aae?anaioa ?
aae?anaoa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo

aaoi?a:

Aace?iaia ?.I. Iiaoe/iee oaeno ye eiioi?eaoeaiee aeo: oeie aae?anao?a //
Iiaiciaanoai. – 1998. – ? 4–5. – N.67–72.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Iiyoe/aneee oaeno eae iiaeaeue aaoieiiioieeaoeee: oeiu
aae?anaioia // Oeeieiae/aneea iaoee. – 1998. – ? 5. – N.87–96.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Oaeoi? aae?anaoa a iiyoe/aneii auneacuaaiee // ?onneay
oeeieiaey. Oe?aeineee aanoiee. – 1998. – ? 1–2. – N.12–17.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Iiycey eae iiaeaeue yaioeaio?e/aneie ?a/e // ?onneee
ycue e eeoa?aoo?a a o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo. – 1998. – ? 5–6. – N.50–54.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Iiyoe/aneee oaeno a eiiioieeaoeaiii aniaeoa //
Ooieoeeiiaeueiue aniaeo naiaioeee ycueiauo aaeeieoe: Iaoa?eaeu VIII
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ii aeooaeueiui i?iaeaiai
naiaioe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee. – Oa?ueeia, 1997. – *.2. – N.94.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Iiyoe/aneee oaeno eae eiiioieeaoeaiue aeo // I?iaeaiu
iauaai e n?aaieoaeueii-enoi?e/aneiai ycueiciaiey: Oacenu iaaeaocianeie
eiioa?aioeee. – ?inoia-ia-Aeiio, 1997. – N.18–20.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Iiyoe/aneee oaeno n iiceoeee aae?anaoa // Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ycuea e ?a/e: Iaoa?eaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/?iuo. – Ieine, 1998. – *. 2. – N.104–109.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Eiiioieeaoeaiua iniaaiiinoe iiyoe/aneie naiaioeee //
Naiaioeea ycueiauo aaeeieoe: Aeieeaaeu VI Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee.
– Iineaa, 1998. – O.2. – N.215–216.

AIIOAOe??

Aace?iaia ?.I. Eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a iiaoe/iiai oaenoo
(naiaioe/iee oa i?aaiaoe/iee aniaeoe). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.02 — ?in?enueea iiaa. — ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I.Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii e?iaa?noe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith eiioi?eaoeaieo
ia?aiao??a iiaoe/iiai oaenoo, aeyaeaiith ooieoe?iiaeueii-iiaieo
caeiiii??iinoae oaenoiai? ae?yeueiino? a iiac?? ye eiioi?eaoeaiiai
i?ioeano. Ia(?eoii iaoeiai? ?aeiino?oeoe?? noaea eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a
iiaoe/iiai oaenoo ye noa?a aca?iiae?? iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a
eiioi?eaoeaiiai aeoo (aae?anaioa, aae?anaoa oa iiaeaii?ai? ae??). A
?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii aaioeaio?e/i? iniaeeaino? iiaoe/iiai iiaeaiiy,
aecia/aii ia?aiao?e oaenoiaiai aae?anaoa a iiac??, i?iaiae?ciaaii
niaoeeo?eo iiaoe/iiai aeneiaethaaiiy. Iiaoaeiaaii aaaaoi??aiaa?
eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaoe/ieo aae?anaio?a, aae?anao?a oa niinia?a iiaeaii?aeo
ae?e a iiac??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioi?eaoeaii? no?oeoo?e ia iaoa??ae?
?ae?inoee?a I.Iaiaeaeueooaia, A.Ianoa?iaea, I.Oea?oa?ai? aeaei
iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe oi?aa?naeueia oa niaoeeo?/ia a iiaoe/iiio iiaeaii?
ye iiaeae? eiioi?eaoe??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiioi?eaoeaia no?oeoo?a, aae?anaio, aae?anao,
iiaeaii?aa ae?y, eiioi?eaoeaiee aeo, iiaoe/iee oaeno.

Aane?iaiay E.A. Eiiioieeaoeaiay no?oeoo?a iiyoe/aneiai oaenoa
(naiaioe/aneee e i?aaiaoe/aneee aniaeou). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.02 — ?onneee ycue.- Einoeooo ycueiaaaeaiey
ei. A.A.Iioaaie IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eeiaaenoe/aneiio iiaeaee?iaaieth
eiiioieeaoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia iiyoe/aneiai oaenoa, auyaeaieth
ooieoeeiiaeueii-ycueiauo caeiiiia?iinoae oaenoiaie aeayoaeueiinoe a
iiycee eae eiiioieeaoeaiiai i?ioeanna. A ?aaioa iiyoe/aneee oaeno (IO)
aiaeece?oaony n eiiioieeaoeaiuo iiceoeee: IO ii?aaeaeyaony eae iiaeaeue
?a/aaie aeayoaeueiinoe, eae na??iooay nenoaia eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa, ec
eioi?ie aiciiaeii ecaea/ue iiceoeee aae?anaioa e aae?anaoa. O.a.
oi?iaeueii-niaea?aeaoaeueiay no?oeoo?a eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa (EA)
aunooiaao iaeaieaa aaeaeaaoiie oi?iie aiieiuaiey nouanoaaiiuo
iniaaiiinoae iiyoe/aneiai iuoeaiey e ie?iaeaeaiey, a nai IO /anoi
no?ieony ii ia?aco e iiaeiaeth ?a/aaiai aeaenoaey. Eoiaii
eiiioieeaoeaiiai enneaaeiaaiey IO noaea ?aeiino?oeoeey eiiioieeaoeaiie
no?oeoo?u (EN) oaenoa. EN IO yaeyaony o??oo?iaiaaui ia?aciaaieai, a
eioi?ii auaeaeythony o?iaaiue aae?anaioa iiyoe/aneiai niiauaiey;
o?iaaiue aae?anaoa; o?iaaiue ?a/aaiai aeaenoaey (eiiioieeaoeaiie
neooaoeee). Niioaaonoaaiii a aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu
yaioeaio?e/aneea iniaaiiinoe iiyoe/aneie ?a/e, ii?aaeaeaiu ia?aiao?u
oaenoiaiai aae?anaoa a iiycee, i?iaiaeece?iaaia niaoeeoeea iiyoe/aneiai
auneacuaaiey. Aeey enneaaeiaaiey iiyoe/aneiai aae?anaioa cia/eiui
yaeyaony noiaenoai oneiaee eiiioieeaoeee a iiyoe/aneie e aioo?aiiae
?a/e, oiaeaeanoai eiiioieeaoeaiuo iiceoeee noauaeoia yoeo
aeayoaeueiinoae. Iineaaeiaa auyaeyaony a yaioeaio?ecia iiyoe/aneiai
ie?iaeaeaiey, i?aeiouanoaaiii ?aiaoe/aneie (i?aaeeeaoeaiie)
eioi?iaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?a IO e aaoieiiioieeaoeaiinoe (neeyiee aae?anaioa
e aae?anaoa). I?aaenoaaeaia eeanneoeeaoeey iiyoe/aneeo aae?anaioia. Oeiu
aae?anaioia auaeaeythony ia iniiaa ooieoeeiiaeueii-niuneiaiai,
eiioaenooaeueiiai aiaeeca ianoieiaiee y, ou, ii, iu a iiyoe/aneii oaenoa
eae iiaeaee eiiioieeaoeaiiai aeoa. N?aaeioi/eai eeanneoeeaoeee yaeyaony
noauaeoiay iiaeaeue «ss-ss», ?ai?acaioe?othuay iniiaioth niaoeeoeeo
aioo?aiiae ?a/e – aaoieiiioieeaoeaiinoue (?anneiaiea aaoi?neiai «ss» ia
aeaa oaenoiauo ia?aca). Aeaiiue oei aae?anaioa noaiiaeony iniiaie aeey
ia?aciaaiey ae?oaeo iiaeaeae iiyoe/aneiai noauaeoa. Oae, ?aaeoeoeey
iaeiiai ec eiiiiiaioia aaciaie iiaeaee niioaaonoaoao oaeei
yaioeaio?e/aneei ?a/aaui aeaenoaeyi, eae aaoiioeaii/iia auneacuaaiea,
iai?aaeaiiia e iaii?aaeae?iiiio aae?anaoo; aacaae?anaoiia aioo?aiiaa
?a/aaia aeaenoaea; «iu-niiauaiey», a eioi?uo niaiauathony iiceoeee iaieo
aaoi?neeo «ss». O?ainiiceoeey iaeiiai ec «ss» (a «Ou» eee «Ii»)
iiaeaee?oao oaeoth iniaaiiinoue aioo?aiiae ?a/e, eae acaeiiioaeaeaiea
noauaeoia aaoieiiioieeaoeee – ia?aianaiea iaeiiai ec eiiioieeaioia ia
iiceoeeth eeai aae?anaoa, eeai iauaeoa ?a/e. Ai aoi?ie aeaaa
?anniao?eaaaony, eae aaoieiiioieeaoeaiinoue iiyoe/aneiai aeeneo?na
auyaeyaony a ?acee/iuo niiniaao au?aaeaiey ia?aiao?a «aae?anao». Aeey
iiyoe/aneiai aae?anaoa oa?aeoa?iu eieaaaiey iaaeaeo iiceoeeyie noauaeoa
e iauaeoa ?a/e, a oaeaea iaaeaeo iiceoeeyie aioo?aiiaai e aiaoiaai
eiiioieeaioia. Iiyoiio eeanneoeeaoeey aae?anaoa eiaao o??oo?iaiaaoth
no?oeoo?o. Ia ia?aii o?iaia i?aaenoaaeaiu ?aciiaeaeiinoe
aaoieiiioieeaoeaiuo aae?anaoia: aae?anao, oiaeaeanoaaiiue aae?anaioo,
iaiin?aaenoaaiiue aae?anao, iaoiieie/aneee aae?anao, aiaoiee aae?anao ia
iiceoeee aioo?aiiaai, aae?anao-iauaeo ?a/e. Ia aoi?ii o?iaia
?aniieaaathony auneacuaaiey, ?ai?acaioe?othuea ?aca??iooua (iieiua)
aa?eaiou iiyoe/aneie eiiioieeaoeee. A ieo ?acee/iua oeiu
yaioeaio?e/aneeo ?a/aauo aeaenoaee ineiaeiythony i?eaioaoeeae ia
iaii?aaeae?iii-iaiau?iiiai, neo/aeiiai aiaoiaai aae?anaoa. Ia o?aoueai
o?iaia ?anniao?eaathony iiaeaee aiaoiaai aae?anaoa – eiie?aoiiai,
iaiau?iiiai e neo/aeiiai, – eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo ioia/aia iniauie
eiaieoeaii-ycueiauie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie e ?acee/iie noaiaiueth aeecinoe e
aae?anaioo. A o?aoueae aeaaa iiyoe/aneay eiiioieeaoeey enneaaeoaony n
oi/ee c?aiey ia?aiao?a «eiioaeo». A aeaiiii aniaeoa IO i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie oeaeinoioth iiaeaeue ii?aaeae?iiiai ?a/aaiai aeaenoaey, a eioi?ie
eioaa?e?othony nouiinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee iiyoe/aneeo aae?anaioia e
aae?anaoia, aiaea/?iiuo a aaeeioth eiiioieeaoeaioth neooaoeeth eae noa?o
inouanoaeaiey ?a/aaiai aeaenoaey. A iiyoe/aneii eiioaenoa ia ia?ae/iua
(anoanoaaiii-?a/aaua) iiaeaee ?a/aauo aeaenoaee aicaeaenoaotho oa aea
oaeoi?u, /oi e a noa?a aioo?aiiae ?a/e: yaioeaio?e/aneia aeiieie?iaaiea
aae?anaioa, /oi iaoneiaeeaaao o?ainoi?iaoeeth eiiioieeaoeaiuo iiceoeee
aae?anaoa e iauaeoa ?a/e; aaoieiiioieeaoeaiue oa?aeoa? niiauaiey;
i?iieoeaaiinoue a?aieoe iaaeaeo ninoaaeythueie EA. A aeaaa
aeaiiino?e?oaony, eae a yoeo oneiaeyo eciaiythony
ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneea naienoaa ?a/aauo aeaenoaee (aee?aeoeaa,
aii?ina, yeni?anneaa, ia?auaiey, iaauaiey e aeaeea?aoeee). Oaeei
ia?acii, eiiioieeaoeaiue iiaeoiae e aiaeeco IO i?aaenoaaeyao niaie au?
iaeio iiiuoeo iino?iaiey oeaeinoiie iiaeaee iiyoe/aneie naiaioeee.
Auaeaeaeaiea a ea/anoaa enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai i?eioeeia iiaeaee EA
iicaieeei iienaoue iaeioi?ua oieaa?naeueiua niiniau iino?iaiey IO e
iauynieoue aaaeiaeoea caeiiiia?iinoe eniieueciaaiey ycuea a iiycee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiioieeaoeaiay no?oeoo?a, aae?anaio, aae?anao,
?a/aaia aeaenoaea, eiiioieeaoeaiue aeo, iiyoe/aneee oaeno.

Beskrovnaya I.A. The Communicative Structure of poetic text (semantic
and pragmatic aspects).- Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate(s degree of Philology by speciality 10.02.02 —
Russian Language. — O.O. Potebnya Institute of Linguistics, National
Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to linguistic modelling of the communicative
parameters of poetic text as well as revealing of linguistic functional
laws of the text activity in poetry as a communicative process. The
object of scientific reconstruction would seem to be the communicative
structure of the poetic text as a sphere of interaction between the
main components of the communicative act (sender, addressee, speech
action). The thesis studies egocentric peculiarities of poetic speech.
It also determines parameters of the text addressee in poetry. It
presents analyses of the distinguishing features of poetic expression.
It classifies poetic senders, addressees and modes of speech action in
poetry. The research of communicative structure on the material of
idiosyncrasy of Mandelshtam I., Pasternak B. , Tsvetayeva M. gave the
opportunity to reveal universal and specific features in the poetic
speech as a model of communication.

Key words: communicative structure, sender, addressee, speech action,
communicative act, poetic text.

PAGE 16

Похожие записи