IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

O?CEEI-O?I?*IEE ?INOEOOO ?I. I.A. AIAAONUeEIAI

OAO?AI EE?EEI EAII?AeIAE*

OAeE 541.183.1:543.3

EIIIEAENIOOAI?THTH*? NI?AAIOE IA INIIA? AII?OIEO E?AIIACAI?A ?
i-Ae?IENEO?IIAIIE?A OA ?O AIAE?OE*IA

CANOINOAAIIss

02.00.02 — aiae?oe/ia o?i?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?i?/ieo iaoe

Iaeana-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

*aaioa?ueia Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/,

caa. eaoaae?ith aiae?oe/ii? o?i??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?i?/ieo iaoe,

O?ioei/oe Aiaoie?e Einoyioeiiae/,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe,

AEaeoaae ?aai ?aaiiae/,

O?ceei-o?i?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI
Oe?a?ie, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?i?? iiaa?oi? IAI Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “19” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. ia 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 41.219.01 o O?ceei-o?i?/iiio
?inoeooo?

?i. I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith 270080, i. Iaeana,
Ethnoaei?onueea

aei?iaa, 86

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? O?ceei-o?i?/iiai
?inoeoooo

?i. I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_____” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao o?i?/ieo iaoe Iaca?aiei I.I. CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?iiia?e?caoe?y i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ia iiaa?oi?
oaa?-aeeo iin??a a?aee?eea iia? iiaeeeaino? aeey noai?aiiy
eiei?eiao?e/ieo oano-iaoi-ae?a aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, /ooeeaeo
aeaiaio?a iioe/ieo naini??a, ?yaeo ?i-oeo ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a
aiae?oe/ii? o?i??. Ni?aaioe, ui i?noyoue cae??iea-i? aiae?oe/i?
?aaaaioe, ana oe?oa aeei?enoiaothoueny a iia?e a?oi?
niaeo?ioioi-iao?e/ieo iaoiae?a aiae?co — oaa?aeioaci?e
niaeo?ioioiiao???, o oiio /ene?, a aeaeo?iii?e niaeo?ineii??
aeeooc?eiiai a?aeaeooy. Aeaia a?oia aiae?oe/ieo ia-oiae?a, caa??aath/e
a?aeii? iiceoeai? yeino? o?aaeeoe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao???,
a?ae-??ciy?oueny a?eueo aenieith /ooeea?noth ? naeaeoeai?noth ca ?aooiie
ni?aoe?eiiai eiioeaio?oaaiiy ? i?yiiai aecia/aiiy ?a/iaeie a oac?
ni?aaioo.

Iaeiei ?c iaoiae?a iaea?aeaiiy ni?aaio?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny a
oaa?aeioaci?e niaeo?ioioiiao???, ? niaoeeo?/ia aaeni?aoe?y i?aai?/ieo
?aaaaio?a ia iiaa?oi? ca ?aooiie ?iiii-anioe?aoeaii? aca?iiae?? c
ooieoe?iiaeueieie a?oiaie iiniy. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/i? oni?oe a aaeoc?
noai?aiiy oaeiai ?iaeo ni?aaio?a, ?yae ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo ?c aieeaii
iaoeaii? iao?eoe?, oiia ? iaoai?ci?a ?iiia?e?caoe?? i?aai?/iiai ?aaaaioo
ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi?, a oaeiae aeayeeo ?ioeo oaeoi??a ia
o?i?-ei-aiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaea?aeaieo ni?aaio?a, i?aeoe/ii ia
?ic?iaeai?. E??i oiai, a e?oa?aoo?? iaaaaeaii ae?ae ??aee? i?eeeaaee
aeei?enoaiiy oaa?aei-oacii? niaeo?ioioiiao??? aeey aecia/aiiy
i?e?ie?eueeinoae oaeeo aeaiaio?a, ye iie?aaeai, oeoai, aae?e, ieiai oa
?io?, ui eaaei a?ae?ie?cothoueny. I?aai?/i? ?aaaaioe eeano
i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a, yei ? ia?niaeoeaieie aeey niaeo?ioioi-iao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy ?yaeo aaaaoica?yaeieo ?ii?a, a yeinoi iiaeeo?eaoi?ia oaa?aei?
iiaa?oi?, aeioaia? ia canoiniaoaaeeny.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa aeeiiaia o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c eii?aeeiaoeieiei
ieaiii IAe? eaoaae?e aiaeioe/ii? o?i?? o?i?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/ieeiaa ? 0194U044430.

Iaoa ?iaioe: onoaiiaeoe o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino?
eiiieaeniooai-?thth/eo ni?aaio?a ia iniia? aii?oieo e?aiiacai?a ?
i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a, a oa-eiae caeiiii??iino? ?o aaeni?aoe?eii?
aca?iiae?? c aaaaoica?yaeieie ?iiaie iaoae?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaea/?:

— aeine?aeeoe caeiiii??iino? aaeni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae??
i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a c ii-aa?oiath ??cieo ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei neeaaeii
aii?oieo e?aiiacai?a ? iioei?co-aaoe oiiae iaea?aeaiiy
eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo ni?aaio?a;

— i?iaanoe ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo
o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo ni?aaio?a ia
iniia? e?aiiacai?a ? i-ae?-ieneo?iiaiie?a, io?eiaieo iaoiaeaie
aaeni?aoe?eiiai ? o?i?/iiai iiaeeo?eoaaiiy;

— aea/eoe e iioei?coaaoe oiiae ni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae?? ?yaeo
aaaaoica?yaeieo ?ii?a iaoae?a c eiiieaeniooai?thth/ei ni?aaioii ia
iniia? 3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?i-neeo (3-AIA) ? ea?aieneeae?ieneo?iiaiieo
(EAeO);

— ?ic?iaeoe ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
i?e?ie?eue-einoae Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ? Ga (III) o i?e?iaeieo ia’?eoao c
aeei?enoaiiyi eii-ieaeniooai?thth/iai ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii e?iaoeeo, ni?yiiaai?noue,
iaoai?c-ie ? nooo?ai oaeoi?e aaeni?aoe?? i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a aii?oieie
e?aiiacaiaie c ??ciei ooieoe?iiaeueiei neeaaeii iiaa?oiaaiai iie?eao.
Aeieacaii ?iiii-anioe?a-oeaiee oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a,
ui i?noyoue ooieoe?iiaeuei? a?oie ??cii? eeneioiino?, c iiaa?oiath
3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?ineeo.

C aeei?enoaiiyi ea?aiae??i?aeiiai iaoiaeo cae?eniaii eiaaeaioia
ca’ycoaai-iy ea?aieneeae?ieneo?iiaiieo c iiaa?oiath
3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?ineeo. Iieacaii, ui ii noeoiiino? iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo
o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, c o?a-ooaaiiyi i?inoioe ? c?o/iino?
iaea?aeaiiy, ni?aaio, iiaeeo?eiaaiee aaeni?aoe??th i?aai?/iiai ?aaaaioo,
ia?aaa?oo? aiaeia, neioaciaaiee o?i?/iith ?iiia?e?-caoe??th.

Ia i?eeeaae? ni?aoe?? iieiaaeaio (VI) ? oeoaio (IV) i?iaaaeaii
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c eiiaoeee, iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo oaeoi?ia ? iaoai?ci?a
aca?iiae?? aaaaoica-?yaeieo ?ii?a ?c iiaa?oiath 3-AIA-EAeO ? aa?ineeo
A-380. Ciaeaeaii iioeiaeuei? oiiae ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy cacia/aieo iaoae?a ic aeei?enoaiiyi ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?
?ic-?aooieia? aeai? aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeai?
nenoaie «iin?e-iiaeeo?eaoi?» i?e noai?aii? ia?niaeoeaieo
eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo ni?aaio?a iaoiaeii aaeni?aoe?eiiai iiaeeo?eoaaiiy
c iaoith naeaeoeaiiai eiioeaio?oaaiiy ?
oaa?aeioacii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy i?e?ie?eueeinoae iaoae?a.

?ic?iaeaii /ooeea? ? naeaeoeai? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ?
Ga (III). Ieaeiy iaaea aecia/aiiy neeaaea?: 1,5*10-7 % ian.(Mo),
2,5*10-7 % ian. (Ti), 2*10-7 % ian. (Ga). Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee
ai?iaiaaii i?e aiae?c? ian?iiy aiaiaeo ?ineei ia ai?no Ii (VI) ?
e?eoaaeueieo ioeiaeo a?aeeeaaeaiue (iaei?ae?a) ia ai?no Ti (IV) ? Ga.
A?aeiinia iioeaea aecia/aiiy iaoae?a ia ia?aaeuo? 3-5 %.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iinoaiiaea caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeany
ca o/anoth aeena?oaioa. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?ae-aeaiiy i?iaaaeai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?o iiyniaiiy cae?enithaaeiny ca aeoeaiith o/anoth
aeena?oaioa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?-aeaeeny e iaaiai?thaaeeny ia: I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an? c
aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? (Iineaa, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Silica:
From Synthesis to Application” (Mulhouse, France, 1998); Anaoe?a?inueeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo c aiae?oe/ii? o?i??, i?enay/aieo 90-??//th c aeiy
ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea A.E. Aaaea (Ee?a, 1995) ? /eaia-ei?aniiiaeaioa
A.A. Iaca?aiea (Oaeai?iae, 1998); XIV Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa-?aioe?? c
iai?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Ee?a, 1996); Iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? c
nai?oa?ii? o?i?? ? oieneeieia?? (?ee?/?anuee, 1994); iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? i?ioa-ni?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? iaoeiaeo
i?aoe?aiee?a Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ia/ieeiaa
(1995).

Ioae?eaoe??: ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 4 noaoo? ? 5 oac
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ?ici?? aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 120
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 17 oaaeeoeue, 28 ?enoie?a,
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, oanoe ?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy oa caaaeueieo
aeniiae?a. Nienie oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 190 aeaea?ae.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie i aecia/aia iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe, iaaaaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi iniiai? iaoiaee iiaa?oiaaiai
iiaeeo?eo-aaiiy aii?oieo e?aiiacai?a ii oeio aca?iiae?? iiaeeo?eaoi?a ?
iao?eoei. Iieaca-ii, ui ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii aiae?oe/ii? o?i?? ?
canoinoaaiiy iiaeeo?eiaa-ieo oaa?aeeo iin??a o “a?a?eaeieo” iaoiaeao
aiae?co, a oiio /ene?, ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui iacaaaeath/e ia oni?oe, aeinyaioo? a ?ic?iaoe? ?
canoinoaaii? ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a, caeeoathoueny
iaae??oaieie i?iaeaie oe?eani?yiiaaiiai aeai?o niiniao cae??ieaiiy
i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi?, i?iaiicoaaiiy aieeao oeio
?iiia?e?-caoe?? ia ni?aoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa ?io? o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i?
aeanoeaino? iiaeeo?eiaaieo ni?aaio?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny oa?aeoa?enoeea iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a,
ye? aeei?enoai? a aeai?e ?iaio?. A yeino? iiaeeo?eaoi??a aeey
iaea?aeaiiy eiiieaeni-ooai?thth/eo ni?aaio?a canoiniaoaaee ?yae
i?aaenoaaiee?a i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a eeano i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a (AeIO)
6,7-ae?iene-2-oai?e-4-ea?aieneaaicii??ee?e oei?eae (EAeO),
a,7-ae?iene-2-oai?e-4-iaoeeaaicii??ee?e oei?eae (IOAeO) ?

6,7-ae?iene-2-(3′-noeueoioai?e)-4-iaoeeaaicii??ee?e oei?eae (NAeO).

EAeO NAeO IOAeO

sse iin?? aeey cae??ieaiiy AeIO aeei?enoiaoaaee aenieiaeenia?ni?
aii?oi? e?aiiacaie — ay?ineee A-380 ? 3-AIA, ui a?ae??ciythoueny
eeneioii-iniiaieie aeanoeainoyie iiaa?oiaaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi.
Cacia/ai? oaa?ae? iin??, caaaey-ee aenieiio nooiaith iiiiaeenia?niino?,
a?aenooiino? ii?, ? c?o/ieie iiaeaeyie aeey aea/aiiy i?ioean?a
?iiia?e?caoe?? i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a, a oaeiae ia?niaeoeaii aeey
aeei?enoaiiy o oaa?aeioaci?e niaeo?ioioiiao??? aiane?aeie a?aenooiino?
aeaniiai na?oeiiiaeeiaiiy ? iaeiai ?ici??o /anoeiie.

O?i?/ia i?euaieaiiy EAeO aei iiaa?oi? 3-AIA c ooai?aiiyi ai?aeiiai
ca’y-ceo cae?enithaaee ea?aiae??iiaeiei iaoiaeii. Aeey aeieaco
?aae?caoe?? o?enoth/iai ca’yceo aeei?enoiaoaaee ?*-niaeo?ineii?/iee
aiae?c neioaciaaiiai ni?aaioo. A ?*-niaeo?ao c?ace?a 3-AIA, o?i?/ii
iiaeeo?eiaaieo EAeO, e??i iayaiino? nioa, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
aaiciii?aiieueiiai oeeeeo cae??ieaiiai ?aaaaioo (1052, 1021 i 900 ni-1)
niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? nioa a?eueieo ai?iia?oi
3-AIA (((NH2) ? ((NH2) i?e 3380, 3308 ni-1 ? 1600 ni-1 a?aeiia?aeii), a
oaeiae a?aenooi? eieeaaiiy ea?aieneeueieo a?oi EAeO aianiaeie ooai?aiiy
aiiaeiiai ca’yceo.

Eiioeaio?aoe?th iiaa?oiaaeo a?oi iiaeeo?eiaaieo ni?aaio?a
anoaiiaethaaee iaoiaeii aaoa?iaaiiiai iioaioe?iiao?e/iiai oeo?oaaiiy
ie?aieo iaaaaeie.

O?iiioi?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee cae??ieaieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ? ?o
eiiieaen?a c iaoaeaie aeine?aeaeoaaee iaoiaeii aeaeo?iiii? niaeo?ineii??
aeeooc?eiiai a?aeaeooy (ANAeA).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ui
aieeaathoue ia aaeni?aoe?th AeIO ia?aieie e?aiiacaiieie iin?yie —
eeneioiino? ? ?iiii? neee na?aaeiaeua, i?e?iaee ? neeaaeo ?ic/eiiee?a.
Aeii?ioth/a ae?y eeneio-iino? na?aaeiaeua iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia a
?ioa?aae? pI 3-5 aeey nenoai “eeneioiee AeIO — 3-AIA” ? iiaea aooe
iiyniaia ia?aaaaeii ?iiii-anioe?aoeaiei oa?aeoa?ii aca?iiae?? aaeni?aaoo
? aaeni?aaioo. I?e aaeni?aoe?? AeIO o aiaeii-aoaiieueieo na?aaeiaeuao
aeiy eiioeaio?aoe?? aoaiieo aeyaey?oueny a iaeano? eiai iaeiai ai?noo ?
iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia a aaoa?iaaiieo nenoaiao “AeIO — ay?inee A-380” ?
“IOAeO — 3-AIA”. Aieea aeaiiai oaeoi?o ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny c iiceoe?e
eiieo?aioe?? iieaeoe aoaiieo ca aeoeai? oeaio?e o?ce/ii? aaeni?aoe??
(neeaiieuei? oa ai?iia?oie iin??a). Cai?ia aiaeii-aoaiieueiiai
na?aaeiaeua ia AeIOA ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?noioii? ci?ie iaoai?ci?a
aaeni?aoe??, iaeiae eiieo?aioe?y c aieo oeueiai ?ic/eiieea ca aeoeai?
oeaio?e iiaa?oi? ae?aaeaia cia/ii neaae?oa. I?aeaeuaiiy ?iiii? neee
?ic/eio iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaa?oueny ia eieueeinieo ia?aiao?ao
aenieiniaoeeo?/ii? aaeni?aoe?? ?iiii-anioe?aoeaiiai oeio (nenoaie
“NAeO-3-AIA” ? “EAeO-3-AIA”). Aeiy aeaiiai oaeoi?o iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia
i?e iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo nieueiaiai oiio (( ( 0,1). C iiaeaeueoei
c?inoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? nieae iao??th aei 1 iieue/e, aieea ?iiii? neee
caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii iaci?iiei.

?en. 1. ?cioa?ie aaeni?aoe?? AeIO ia aii?oieo e?aiiacaiao i?e ?I 1 (A),
3 (A),

5 (A). t=20±1°N; mni?aaioo=0,1 a; V=25 ie; (=0,1; Naoaiieo=2 %;
(ni?aoe?? =30 oa.

E?iaoeea ? iaoai?ci aaeni?aoe?? AeIO ia?aieie e?aiiacaiieie iin?yie a
?ioa?aae? pI 0-7, aieiaiei /eiii, caeaaeaoue a?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
neeaaeo eiiii-iaio?a aaoa?iaaiii? nenoaie. Aca?iiae?y eeneioieo AeIO c
3-AIA oa?aeoa?eco-?oueny aenieith oaeaee?noth anoaiiaeaiiy
aaeni?aoe?eii? ??aiiaaae (5-10 oa) a ?i-oa?aae? pI 3-5. A ?aoo?
aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai /an anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiiaaae ?noioii aeua (aei 25-30
oa).

?cioa?ie aaeni?aoe?? EAeO ? NAeO ia 3-AIA a ?ioa?aae? pI 1-5 (?en. 1)
a?aeiinyoueny aei ae?aaeaiiai I-oeio (iaioeueiaee ii/aoie ?cioa?ie,
aaeeeee eoo iaoeeo a iaeano? Aai??, i?ioyaiooa ? i?aeoe/ii
ai?eciioaeueia ieaoi iiiiiiea-eoey?ii? aaeni?aoe??), ui na?ae/eoue i?i
ia?aaaaeii oaiini?aoe?eiee oa?aeoa? aca?-iiae?? ca ?aooiie ooai?aiiy
iiiii-anioeiaoeaiiai ca’yceo c aiiiia?oiaie ni?aaioo. I?ioyaooee
a?ae??cie iiiiiieaeoey?iiai caiiaiaiiy iiaa?oi? aaeni?aaoii aeicaiey?
ia?aoe oiiae iiiioa?iaiai iiaeeo?eoaaiiy 3-AIA eeneioieie AeIO. A ?ioeo
aeiaaeeao (aaeni?aoe?y AeIO ia aa?ineei A-380 ? IOAeO — ia 3-AIA)
iaea?aeaii L- ? S-oi?ie ?cioa?i. L-oei icioa?i niinoa?iaa?oueny a
iioa?aaei ?I iica iciaeaeo?e/ii? oi/ee iaiiaeeoieiaaiiai e?aiiacaio
(iai?e-eeaae ?I 1 ? 5) i naiae/eoue i?i neaaeo aca?iiaeith aaeni?aaoo c
iini?i aiane?aeie ooaiaiiy aiaeiaaiai ca’yceo, a oaeiae ieaia?ia
?iciiuaiiy iieaeoe AeIO aiaeiinii iiaa?oii. Iaeiae, i?e ?I 1 aeey
L-oi?ie ?cioa?i aaeni?aoe?? EAeO ? NAeO i?inoei aa?ineeii oa?aeoa?i?
aeayei ?ene I-oeio, ui aeaco? ia ai?iaiaeiee aeeaae oaiini?aoe?eii?
aca?iiae?? cacia/aieo aa?aiee?a ii i?ioiiiaaieo neeaiieueieo a?oiao
iin?y. I?e ?I 3 i aeua, ii?ooaiiy eeane/ii? eaiaith??anueei? oi?ie
?cioa?i i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae iaeano? Aai?? aei ieaoi, yea a?aeiia?aea?
caiiaiaiith iiiiiieaeoey?iiai oa?o, iiaea aooe iia’ycaii c
iaiaeii??aei?noth iiaa?oiaaiai iie?eao e?aiiacaiii? iao?eoe?, a oaeiae c
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noth naieo AeIO. S-oei ?cioa?i a oi/oe?
aeaeo?iiaeo?aeueiino? (?I 2-3) na?ae/eoue i?i neeueio eiieo?aioe?th c
aieo ?ic/eiieea ca aeoeai? oeaio?e aaeni?aoe??. I?e oeueiio iieaeoee
aeine?aeaeo?ieo aa?aiee?a aaeni?aothoueny aa?oeeaeueii, o aeaeyae? oae
caaieo «J-aa?aaao?a» u?eueiiai oiaeoaaiiy.

C ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aaeni?aoe?eieo aenia?eiaio?a aeia?a
ei?aeththoue aeai? ANAeA, a oaeiae ?ic?aoiaai? eiinoaioe Aai?? ?
cia/aiiy noaoe/ii? ni?aoe?e-ii? ?iiino? aea/aieo e?aiiacai?a a?aeiinii
ia?aieo AeIO. Ii?ooaiiy ei?aey-oe?? ?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
ia?aiao??a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e pI ( 5, ui iiaea iiynithaaoeny ci?iith
?ic/eiiino? AeIO ic c?inoaiiyi pI.

I?iaaaeai? aaeni?aoe?ei? ? niaeo?ineii?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
iioei?co-aaoe oiiae aaeni?aoe?eii? ?iiia?e?caoe?? cacia/aieo ?aaaaio?a.
E?auith nenoaiith aeey oaeiai iiaeeo?eoaaiiy ? niieo/aiiy eeneioiiai
o?iiaiieo c ai?iie?aiia-caiiith iao?eoeath.

I II

Ii?yae c aaeni?aoe?eiei

iiaeeo?eoaaiiyi, aoei cae?eniaii eiaaeaioia ca’ycoaaiiy EAeO c

3-AIA ca ?aooiie ooai?aiiy ai?aeiiai ca’yceo. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeeea?
no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiaaeo niieoe, iaea?aeaieo aaeni?aoe?eiei iaoiaeii (I) ?
o?i?/iith ?iiia?e?-caoe??th (II). Aeey io?eiaieo iiaee-o?eiaaieo
ni?aaio?a oa?aeoa?i? aenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? i?euaieaii-ai ?aaaaioo (1,7 —
2*10-4 iieue/a i 1,1 — 1,4*10-4 iieue/a aeey aaeni?a-oe?eiiai ?
eiaaeaioiiai ca’ycoaai-iy a?aeiia?aeii).

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay-/aii aeine?aeaeaiith iaea?eueo aaae-eeaeo a
aiae?oe/iiio ieai? o?ce-ei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae ni?aai-o?a ia iniia?
EAeO ? aii?oieo e?aiiacai?a — a?ae?ie?oe/ii? no?e-eino? ?
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo oa-?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiaaiai ooie-oe?iiaeueiiai
iie?eao.

Ae?aiacii pI a?ae?ie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO (?en. 2),
io?eiaiiai aaeni?a-oe??th (pI 1 — 8), ia aeoaea cia/ii iinooia?oueny
oae?e aeey aiaeiao, neioaciaaiiai eiaaeaioiei ca’y-coaaiiyi (pI 0-9).
I?e oeueiio i?aeaeuaia no?ee?noue oa?o aaeni?-aiaaiiai ?aaaaioo a eene?e
iaea-no? aeinyaa?oueny i?e cieaeaii? eii-oeaio?aoe?? aoaiieo a
aeenia?n?eii-io na?aaeiaeu? (e?ea? 2-4). A eoae-i?e iaeano? (?I 12)
niinoa??aa?oue-ny cai?ioi?e aoaeo — iaioa eii-oeaio?aoe?y aoaiieo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy no?eeino? cae??ieaiiai oa?o.

?en. 3. Ae?aa?aia ?iciiae?eo eeneioii-iniia-ieo oi?i EAeO a ??cieo
nenoaiao. 1 — EAeO a ?ic/ei?; 2 — EAeO-EIA? (OeOIA); 3 — EAeO-

A-380; 4 — 3-AIA-EAeO (eiaaeaioia ca’ycoaai-iy); 5 — 3-AIA-EAeO
(aaeni?aoe?y, aieia? c?acee).

?en. 2. A?ae?ie?oe/ia no?eeinoue ni?aaio?a ia iniia? 3-AIA ? EAeO,
io?eiaieo ??cieie iaoiaeaie: 1 — 3-AIA-EAeO (eiaaeaioia ca’yco-aaiiy);
2-4 — 3-AIA-EAeO (aaeni?aoe?eia iiaee-o?eoaaiiy). Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
I2I:C2H5OH (%):

2 — 98:2; 1, 3 — 50:50; 4 — 4:96.*an eiioaeoo oac — 1 aeiaa;
mni?aaioo=0,1 a;V=25 ie.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c o?iii-oi?ieo aeanoeainoae EAeO a ??c-ieo
aiiiaaiieo ? aaoa?iaaiieo nenoaiao a oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? ?I (?en. 3;
ioieoe?ieie e?i?yie iicia/aii iaae? ?ioa?aae?a pI ?n-ioaaiiy
eeneioii-iniiaieo oi?i EAeO) aeicaieea aeyaeoe aeecueeee oa?aeoa?
?iciiae?eo ?iiii-iieaeo-ey?ieo oi?i EAeO a /enoiio ?ic-/ei? ? ia
iiaa?oii aa?ineeo A-380 (e?ea? 1, 3), ui aeaco? ia neaaeee aieea
iao?eoe? iaiiaeeo?eiaaiiai e?aiiacaio ia niaeo?aeuei? aeanoeaino?
aaoa?iaaiici-aaiiai ?aaaaioo. I?inoaaeo?oueny oaeiae aiaeia?y a
nenoaiao EAeO — 3-AIA ?

EAeO — EIA? (e?ea? 2, 5). Aeey iaio nenoai oa?aeoa?ia a?aenooi?noue
ia?aoiaeo aei inaaaeiiieaeoey?ii? oi?ie EAeO (a), ui na?ae/eoue i?i
o?enaoe?th ?aaaaioo a aeaeyae? ea?aieneeao-ai?iio. O?iiioi?i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee EAeO, o?i?/ii ?iiia?e?ciaaiiai ia 3-AIA, ?noioii
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae on?o ?ioeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo nenoai (e?eaa 4). Aeey
aeaii? nenoaie oa?aeoa?ia iayai?noue o?ueio ?iiii-iieaeo-ey?ieo noai?a,
ui, ai?ia?aeii, a?aeiia?aeathoue eao?iii?e (a) ? aeaii ai?iiiei (a, a)
oi?iai. Iaeiae oe? oi?ie ?niothoue a ?ioeo ?ioa?aaeao pI c a?ii- ?
a?inio?iiii cnoiooeie iaeneioiaie a niaeo?ao a ii??aiyii? c 3-AIA-EAeO,
io?eiaiei aaeni?aoe?eiei iaoiaeii.

Ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae

3-AIA-EAeO, iaea?aeaiiai ??cieie iaoiaeaie, iieacaii, ui iiaeeoieiaaiee
ni?aaio, io?eiaiee aaeni?aoe??th, ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith no?eeinoth
i?aeoe/ii ia iinooia-?oueny, a ca o?iiioi?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie cia/ii
ia?aaa?oo? aiaeia, neioa-ciaaiee eiaaeaioiei ca’ycoaaiiyi.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ciaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeineiaeaeaiieo aaoa?iaaiieo nenoai
ca o/anoth EAeO

Nenoaia (max, ii ((max, ii

aiaeiinii EAeO

a ?ic/eii ((max, ii

aiaeiinii nenoaie

A-380-EAeO

Iiaio?yii-nooi c?acee (ANAeA)

A-380-EAeO 501 (1,21)* 61 —

3-AIA-EAeO (aaeni?aoeiy) 530 (2,48) 90 29

3-AIA-EAeO (oii. ca’ycoaaiiy) 509 (1,84) 69 7

Aieiai c?acee, ?I 3 (ANAeA)

A-380-EAeO 465 (1,71) 25 —

3-AIA-EAeO (aaeni?aoeiy) 495 (2,74) 55 30

3-AIA-EAeO (oii. ca’ycoaaiiy) 484 (1,91) 44 19

Noniaici? a ae?oea?eii (niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy)

A-380-EAeO 465 (0,62) 25 —

3-AIA-EAeO (aaeni?aoeiy) 495 (0,98) 55 30

3-AIA-EAeO (oii. ca’ycoaaiiy) 482 (0,79) 42 17

EAeO a ?ic/eii, ?I 3 (niaeo?e iiaeeiaiiy)

EAeO 440 (0,74) — —

EAeO-OeOIA 455 (0,81) 15 —

* — a aeoaeeao iaaaaeaii cia/aiiy iioe/ii? aonoieie oa ooieoei?
Eoaaeee-Ioiea

I?ioyaii niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaia oaeiae
caeaaeiinoue niaeo?aeueieo aeanoeainoae io?eiaieo iiaeeoieiaaieo
ni?aaioia aiae ?o aieiai-noi. sse aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo a oaae. 1 aeaieo,
iacaeaaeii a?ae iaoai?cio aca?iiae?? EAeO c aeine?aeaeo?ieie iao?eoeyie,
i?e ci?i? aieiaino? c?aceo a aeaeo?iiieo niaeo?ao niinoa??aa?oueny
a?ae?aco aeaa aoaeoe: ciaioaiiy aaoio?iiiiai cnoao a?aeiinii EAeO a
?ic/ei? oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioaineaiino? a iaeneioiao niaeo?aeueieo nioa.
Iayai?noue aeacaieo aoaeo?a iaoiiaeaia cia/iei aieeaii a?ae?aoiaaiino?
ni?aaioo ia o?iiioi?i? oa?aoa?enoeee ?iiia?e?ciaaiiai EAeO. Iaaaaeai?
caeiiii??iino? i?inoaaeothoueny ye a ANAeA iaea?aeaieo c?ace?a
ni?aaioia, oae i a ?o aeaeo?iieo niaeo?ao o aeaeyae? noniaic?e a
aeioea?ei?. Iaeiae, aieia?noue c?ace?a oa niinia aei??thaaiiy niaeo??a
ia aieeaathoue ia aaoio?iiiee cnoa niaeo?aeueieo iaeneioiia aeey
ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO (aaeni?aoe?y), a?aeiinii nenoaie A-380 — EAeO,
iaea?aeaii? a ?aeaioe/ieo oiiaao (((max ( 30 ii). Oeae cnoa oeieeii
iia’yca-iee ?c aieeaii ?iiii-annioe?aoeaiiai iaoai?cio aca?iiae??
aa?aieea c ai?iie?ai-iacaiiith iiaa?oiath.

?en. 4. Caeaaei?noue nooiaiy aeeo/aiiy Ii (VI) ? Ti (IV) ?c aiaeieo
?ic/ei?a a?ae pI na?a-aeiaeua. NMe=4*10-5 iieue/e; (ni?aoe?? = 30 oa;

t = 20±1°N; mni?aaioo = 0,1 a. Ni?aoe?y Ii (VI): 1 — ia aa?inee? A-380;
2 — ia 3-AIA-EAeO; Ni?aoe?y Ti (IV): 3 — ia aa?inee? A-380;

4 — ia 3-AIA-EAeO.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae??
?ii?a Ii (VI) ? Ti (IV) c iiaa?oiath 3-AIA-EAeO ? aa?ineeo A-380.
Ni?aoe?y ca-cia/aieo iaoae?a ia 3-AIA-EAeO oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/ii
a?eueoith oaeaee?noth anoaiiaeaiiy aaoa?iaaiii? ??aiiaaae, i?ae o
aeiaaeeo aa?ineeo A-380. Iaea?eueoa oaeaee?noue aca?iiae?? c
iiaeeo?ei-aaiei ni?aaioii aeinyaa?oueny i?e pI 1 ? 2 aeey ?ii?a Ii (VI)
? Ti (IV) a?aeiia?aeii. I?e oaeiio ?I na-?aaeiaeua /an aeinyaiaiiy
aaoa-?iaaiii? ??aiiaaae a nenoai?

«3-AIA-EAeO — iaoae» noaiiaeoue 5 — 10 oa, ia a?aei?io a?ae aa?ineeo
A-380, aeey yeiai oeae ia?aiao? cia/ii aeua (45-60 oa).

C iaoith aea/aiiy iniaee-ainoae aieeao ?I ?ic/eio ia ni?aoe?th Ii (VI) ?
Ti (IV) e?aiia-caiieie ni?aaioaie, aoee aei-ne?aeaeai? a?aeiia?aei?
caeaaeiino? S=f(pH). Iaaaaeai? ia ?en. 4 e?eai na?ae/aoue i?i ??ciee
oa?aeoa? ae?? eeneioiino? na?aaeiaeua ia aca?-iiae?th ?ii?a Ii (VI) c
iiaa?oiath 3-AIA-EAeO ? ay?ineeo A-380. E?euee?nia aeeo/aiy Ii (VI) ia
ni?aaio? 3-AIA-EAeO (S=98 %) aeinyaa?oueny i?e ?I 1, oiae? ye aeey
aa?ineeo A-380 — i?e ?I 3. Aeey ?ii?a Ti (IV) caeaaeiino? S=f(pH)
iathoue ?ioo oi?io (e?ea? 2, 4), ine?eueee aeey iaio aeine?aeaeaieo
iini?a ni?aoe?eiee i?ioean oneeaaeiaiee oae caaiith “a?ae?ie?oe/iith”
ni?aoe??th oeoaio a aeaeyaei Ti(OH)4. Iaeiae ia io?eiaieo e?eaeo iiaeia
aeae?eeoe a?ae??cie a ?ioa?aae? ?I 1,5-2,5, aea aeeo/aiiy aeaiiai iaoaeo
ia 3-AIA-EAeO ia 40-60% a?eueoa, i?ae ia aa?inee? A-380, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i ia?aaaaeii oaiini?aoe?eiee oa?aeoa? eiai aca?iiae?? c iiaa?oiath
iiaeeoieiaaiiai e?aiiacaio. Aaaeeeai, ui cia/aiiy pI e?euee?niiai
aeeo/aiiy ?ii?a Ii (VI) ? Ti (IV) ia ni?aaioi 3-AIA-EAeO ca?aathoueny c
iioeioiii eiiieaeniooai?aiiy oeeo iaoae?a c EAeO a ?ic/ei?.

Aeieacii oaiini?aoe?eiiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? aeine?aeaeo?ieo iaoae?a
c

3-AIA-EAeO ca ?aooiie ooai?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo oaeao?a ? ?cioa?ie ni?aoe??
a eeneiio na?aaeiaeu? (?en. 5). Oae, ?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? Ii (VI) ? Ti (IV)
aeey iiaeeo?eiaaiiai ni?aaioo, ia a?aei?io a?ae aa?ineeo A-380, iathoue
I-oi?io (e?ea? 3, 4, 7, 8). O aeiaaeeo i?inoiai aa?ineeo oi?ia
iaaaaeaieo ?cioa?i aeey Ii (VI) (e?ea? 1, 2) iaeaaeeoue aei L-oeio.
Iaeiae, i?e ?I 3 oi?ia e?eai? icioa?ie ciiith?-oueny, ui iiynith?oueny
?noioiei aianeii oaiini?aoe?? ca ?aooiie eiiieaeniooai-?aiiy Ii (VI) ic
neeaiieueieie a?oiaie iiaa?oi? aa?ineeo A-380. Aeaiee oaeo
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aaeeeei eooii iaoeeo ii/aoeiaiai aiae??ceo
a?aeiia?aeii? e?eai?

?en. 5. ?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? iieiaaeaio (VI) (?en. A) ? oeoaio (IV) (?en.
A) ia aa?inee? A-380 ? 3-AIA-EAeO i?e ??cieo pI na?aaeiaeua. 1 —
Ii-A-380 (?I=3), 2 — Ii-A-380 (?I=1), 3 — Ii-3-AIA-EAeO (?I=1), 4 — Ii —
3-AIA-EAeO (?I=3); 5 — Ti — A-380 (?I=1), 6 — Ti — A-380 (?I=3), 7 — Ti
— 3-AIA-EAeO (?I=1), 8 — Ti — 3-AIA-EAeO (?I=2).

i?e ?I 3 ? cia/iith ni?aoe?eiith ?ii?noth aa?ineeo ii iie?aaeaio.
?cioa?ie ni?aoe?? ?ii?a Ti (IV) aa?ineeii A-380 o neeueiieeneioiiio
na?aaeiaeu? oaeiae iathoue L-oi?io, iaeiae i?e pI ( 3 niinoa??aa?oueny
ia?ao?ae aei N-oeio ?cioa?i (e?eaa 6), ui aeaco? ia ia?aaaaeii
“a?ae?ie?oe/io” ni?aoeith oeoaio.

Aeai? ANAeA i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? ni?aoei?
aeine?ae-aeoaaieo iiiia iaoae?a c 3-AIA-EAeO, ui i?iyaey?oueny a
cia/iiio aaoio?ii-iiio cnoa? iaeneioi?a niaeo??a cae??ieaieo eiiieaen?a
(((max = 70 — 80 ii) a?aeiinii aeo?aeiiai ni?aaioo. E??i oiai,
iayai?noue e?i?eii? ei?aeyoe?? cia/aiue ooieoe?? Eoaaeee-Ioiea (F(R)) c
eiioeaio?aoe??th cae??ieaiiai eiiieaeno aiaee?eaa? iiaeeeainoue
canoinoaaiiy ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO o i?yiiio
oaa?aei-oacii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiio aecia/aii? iieiaaeaio ? oeoaio.

Aeoiaey/e ?c ni?aoe?eieo ? niaeo?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, anoaiiaeaii
neeaae iiaa?oiaaeo eiiieaen?a ia?aieo iaoaeia, yeee aei??aith? EAeO:Ia =
2:1. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oaeiai neeaaeo ? eiai caia c ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
eiioeaio?aoei? EAeO ia iiaa?oii 3-AIA (1,8*10-4 iieue/a) oa na?aaeiuei?
ni?aoe?eii? ?iiino? 3-AIA-EAeO a?aeiinii Ii (VI) i Ti (IV) a
iioeiiciaaieo oiiaao (0,9*10-4 iieue/a).

O oinoiio ?icae?e? iiaeai? iaoiaeeee ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy i?e?ie?eueeinoae Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ? Ga a i?e?iaei?o ia’?eoao
c aeei?enoaiiyi ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO. Oiiae aecia/aiiy iioei?ciaai? ia
iiaeaeueieo nenoaiao, ui i?noyoue ?iie Nr (III), Nr (VI), Cu (II), Ni
(II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Mn (II), Pb (II), Cd (II), Fe (III), V (V), Sn
(IV). Aea?? iiaeaeueieo nenoai cae?enithaaee c o?aooaaiiyi neeaaeo
?aaeueieo c?ace?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiee ni?aaio 3-AIA-EAeO, caaaeyee caa??aaiith
eiiieaeniooai-?thth/i? ni?iiiaeiino? cae??ieaiiai ?aaaaioo aei ?yaeo
aaaaoica?yaeieo ?ii?a iaoae?a, iiaea c oni?oii canoiniaoaaoenue aeey ?o
ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioi-iao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy. I?e oeueiio ni?aoe?eia
aeeo/aiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aenieeie eiao?oe??ioaie eiioeaio?oaaiiy (aei
1*103). Aca?iiee caaaaeath/ee aieea ?ii?a, ui aca?iiae?thoue c EAeO ia
iiaa?oi? iiaeeo?eiaaiiai ni?aaioo, onoaaee ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueii
i?ae?a?aieo nenoai ianeoth/eo aaaio?a, ui i?noyoue ooi?eae-?iie,
anei?a?iiao ? o?iae?eieaao eeneioe.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai
aecia/aiiy Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ? Ga aoei ia?aa??aii iaoiaeii
«aaaaeaii-ciaeaeaii» a iiaeaeueieo ?ic/eiao a i?enooiino? ?yaeo noiooi?o
(Nr (III), Nr (VI), Cu (II), Ni (II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Mn (II), Pb
(II), Cd (II)) oa caaaaeath/eo (Fe (III), V (V), Sn (IV)) ?ii?a iaoae?a
(oaae. 2). Aecia/aiiy cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith a?aaeoeiaaiiai
a?aoieo a oaeeo oiiaao: ?I 1 (Ii), ?I 2 (Ti, Ga); aeiaaeeia oaeei i?e
aeii?thaaii? cia/aiiy F(R) — (=610 ii (Ii) oa (=600 ii (Ti, Ga).

Oaaeeoey 2

?acoeueoaoe aecia/aiiy iie?aaeaio, oeoaio ? aae?th (Ia) a iiaeaeueieo
?ic-/eiao a i?enooiinoi iaaeeeoe?a noie noiooiio oa caaaaeath/eo ?ii?a
iaoaeia ((Ia), (?=0,95; n=5; Naeo?ae.(Ii, Ti, Ga) = 5*10-6 iieue/e;
mc=0,2 a; (n=15 oa.; V=200 ie)

Oe?eueiaee

?ii Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Ia:(Ia* Ciaeaeaii

N ( (p, iieue/e

*105 Sr

Ii (VI) 1:1 1.00 ( 0.02 0.025

Ti (IV) — « — 0.99 ( 0.02 0.023

Ga — « — 1.01 ( 0.03 0.034

Ii (VI) 1:50 1.01 ( 0.02 0.024

Ti (IV) — « — 0.99 ( 0.03 0.028

Ga — « — 0.98 ( 0.03 0.028

Ii (VI) 1:100 1.02 ( 0.04 0.038

Ti (IV) — « — 0.99 ( 0.05 0.048

Ga — « — 1.02 ( 0.04 0.045

* — cacia/aii niiaaiaeiioaiiy noinothoueny eiaeiiai c i?enooiio ?ii?a
iaoaeia

sse aeaeii c oaae. 2, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iathoue aeia?o
a?aeoai?thaaii?noue

(Sr ia ia?aaeuo? 0,048), a cai?iiiiiaaii ianeoth/? nenoaie aeicaieythoue
cia/ii i?aeaeueoe naeaeoeai?noue aecia/aiiy Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ? Ga
?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeii ? aoaeoeai? aei 100-e?aoieo iaaeeeoe?a noiooiio oa
caaaaeath/eo ?ii?a iaoaeia.

Iaoiaeeee ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy Ii (VI), Ti (IV) ?
Ga aoee ai?iaiaai? ia c?aceao i?e?iaeiueiai iioiaeaeaiiy: ian?iii
aiaiaeo ?in-eei (Ii (VI)) ? iaei?aeao (Ti (IV), Ga). ?acoeueoaoe
aecia/aiiy a iioeiiciaaieo oiiaao iaaaaeai? a oaae. 3, 4.

Aeaii oaae. 3, 4 naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae iae?iiniiae
i?e-?iaeiueiai c?acea, eiai i?e?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo ? eiioeaio?aoe??
oe?eueiaiai eii-iiiaioo, ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co cai?iiiiiaaiei iaoiaeii
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeineoue aenieith a?aeoai?thaaii?noth (0,022 ( Sr (
0,062). E?ii oiai, e?aui iao?ieiai/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee niinoa?iaathoueny
i?e canoinoaaiii iaoiaeo noaiaea?ieo aeiaeaoeia. I?aaeeuei?noue
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a eiio?iethaaee ?ioeie niaeo?ineii?/ieie

Oaaeeoey 3

?acoeueoaoe ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy Mo (VI) a
ia-n?ii? aiaiaeo ?ineei ?c canoinoaaiiyi 3-AIA-EAeO. (n=5; ?=0,95)

IAN?IIss NI?

Iaoiae a?aaeoeiaaiiai a?ao?ea Iaoiae noaiaea?oieo aeiaeaoe?a AAN***

? N(Ii) ± (P, ia/ea Sr N(Ii) ± (P, ia/ea Sr N(Ii) ± (P, ia/ea
Sr

I* 2.74 ± 0.14 0.057 2.77 ± 0.07 0.030 2.79 ± 0.18 0.074

2 4.72 ± 0.19 0.046 4.79 ± 0.14 0.025 4.69 ± 0.27 0.066

3 3.20 ± 0.14 0.051 3.22 ± 0.1 0.036 3.33 ± 0.18 0.062

4 3.16 +0.15 0.054 3.11 ±0. 08 0.027 3.05 ± 0.16 0.060

5 2.22 ± 0.10 0.044 2.20 ± 0.06 0.029 2.22 ± 0.12 0.056

IAN?IIss IOOA

1** 1.35 ± 0.07 0.055 1.37 ± 0.05 0.042 1,34 ± 0.08 0.071

2 0.88 ± 0.05 0.062 0.87 ± 0.04 0.047 0.87 ± 0.05 0.068

3 0.98 ± 0.05 0.057 1.02 ± 0.04 0.041 1.01 ± 0.06 0.066

*- iiia?aie iicia/ai? oae? ni?oe ni?: 1 — “THa-30”; 2 — “A?eaaeey
Iaeanneay”; 3 — “Iaeanneay-124”; 4 — “Iaeueie?a”; 5 — “Aeoycue-50”.

** — iicia/aiiy ni?o?a iooo: 1 — «Aieaia?aaeneee»; 2 —
“E?aniieooneee-123”; 3 — «Nia-oiciue-14»

*** — AAN — aoiiii-aani?aoe?eia niaeo?ineii?y c aoiiecaoe??th a iieoi’?
(aeai? iaaeai? Iaeanueeei aiioaoiieia?/iei ?inoeoooii)

iaoiaeaie — aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiei ? aoiiii-ai?n?eiei. Ieaeiy iaaea
aecia/aiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae?a cai?iiiiiaaiei iaoiaeii neeaaea?
(C(-e?eoa??e): 1,5*10-7 % ian. (Ii), 2,5*10-7 % ian. (Ti), 2*10-7 % ian.
(Ga). Ii?yae c aenieith /ooee-a?noth, cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee
ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy i?e?ie?eueeinoae Ii (VI), Ti
(IV) ? Ga a i?e?iaei?o ia’?eoao c aeei?enoaiiyi ii-aiai
eiiieaeniooai?thth/iai ni?aaioo ia iniia? 3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?ineeo ?
ea?-aieneeae?ieneo?iiaiieo a?aecia/athoueny i?inoioith aeeiiaiiy ?
aeni?ani?noth.

Oaaeeoey 4

?acoeueoaoe ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy Ti (IV) ? Ga a
iaei?aeao c canoinoaaiiyi ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO. (n=5, ?=0,95)

Oeoai (IV)

Iaoiae a?aaeoeiaaiiai a?ao?ea Iaoiae noaiaea?oieo aeiaeaoe?a AAN**

? C(Ti) ± (p, a/ea Sr C(Ti) ± (p, a/ea Sr C(Ti) ± (p, a/ea Sr

I* 3.84 ± 0,14 0.038 3.80±0.07 0.022 3.79 ± 0.25 0.075

2 3.72 ± 0,15 0.049 3.73 ± 0.08 0.025 3.69 ± 0.27 0.084

3 3.1 ± 0,10 0.042 3.15 ± 0.07 0.025 3.03 ± 0.18 0.068

4 3.36 ± 0,11 0.041 3.39 ±0.09 0.029 3.37 ± 0.28 0.094

5 3.76 ± 0,12 0.038 3.75 ± 0.09 0.028 3.70 ± 0.24 0.073

Aae?e

? C(Ga) ± (p, ia/ea Sr C(Ga) ± (p, ia/ea Sr C(Ga) ± (p, ia/ea Sr

1 1.97 ± 0.070 0.041 1.94 ± 0.06 0.034 2.03 ± 0.14 0.079

2 2.02 ± 0.09 0.053 1.98 ± 0.07 0.039 2.05 ± 0.15 0.082

3 2.89 ± 0.14 0.055 0.85 ± 0.10 0.039 2.87 ± 0.23 0.093

4 2.05 ± 0.08 0.042 2.08 ± 0.07 0.038 1.99 ± 0.21 0.120

5 1.59 ± 0.07 0.053 1.08 ± 0.06 0.041 1.60 ± 0.14 0.098

* — iiia?aie iicia/ai? aeoyaeee, io?eiai? c iaei?aeia, a?ae?a?aieo a
??cieo oi/eao Eoyeueieoeueeiai eeiaio (Iaeanueea iaeanoue);

** — AAN — aoiiii-ai?n?eia niaeo?ineii?y (aeai? iaaeai? Oe?IAe?
eo?i?oieia?? ? iaaee/-ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, i. Iaeana).

A caeeth/aiii, ia iiaenoaai ii?iaiyeueiiai aiaeico aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa
eioa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieacaii aeaoa?iiioth/o ?ieue eeneioiinoi
na?aaeiaeua o aea-/aieo aaoa?iaaieo nenoaiao. Ae?y aeaiiai oaeoi?o
iieyaa? o aieea? ia noai ii-aa?oiaaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo a?oi ni?aaioo oa
?iiii-iieaeoey?i? oi?ie aaeni?-aaoo. Aecia/ath/e a priori noai iiaa?oii
oa oi?ie aaeni?aaoo a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?I na?aaeiaeua, iiaeia
i?iaiicoaaoe iaoai?ci, ni?yiiaai?noue aaoa?iaaiii? aca?ii-aei? oa
o?i?ei-aiae?oe/i? aeanoeaino? ni?aaio?a, iaea?aeo?ieo ic canoinoaaiiyi
aaeni?aoeieiiai iaoiaeo iiaeeoieoaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeine?aeaeaii e?iaoeeo, iaoai?cie ? nooo?ai oaeoi?e aaeni?aoe??
iio?aeieo

i-ae?ieneo?iiaiie?a c ??ciei ooieoe?iiaeueiei neeaaeii ia iiaa?oi?
aa?ineeo

A-380 ? 3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?ineeo. Iieacaii ?noioiee aieea eeneioiinoi
na?aaei-aeua (?I 0-7), a oaeiae aeith i?e?iaee, neeaaeo ?ic/eiieea oa
iiiii? neee ia aea/aii aaeni?aoeieii i?ioeane. Ia iiaenoaai ?ic?aoiaaieo
eiinoaio Aai?? anoaiiaeaii iiiioiee aianie ?ic/eiiinoi aaeni?aaoia o
aaee/eio ?o aaeni?aoei?, ii/eiath/e c ?I 5 i aeua. C aiaeico oi?i
icioa?i aeieacaii iiiii-anioeiaoeaiee iaoaiici aca?iiaei? eeneioieo
i-ae?ieneo?iiaiieia c iiaa?oiath 3-aiiiii?ii?eaa?ineeo.

2. Aia?oa, c aeei?enoaiiyi ?iiii-anioe?aoeaiiai iaoai?cio ?iiia?e?caoe??
i?aai?/iiai ?aaaaioo ia oaa?ae?e iiaa?oi? oa eiaaeaioiiai ca’ycoaaiiy
ea?aiae??i?aeiei iaoiaeii io?eiaii iiaee eiiieaeniooai?thth/ee ni?aaio
ia iniia? 3-ai?iii?ii?eaa?ineeo ? ea?aieneeae?ieneo?iiaiieo
(3-AIA-EAeO).

3. Aea/aii o?i?ei-aiae?oe/ii aeanoeainoi ni?aaioo 3-AIA-EAeO,
iaea?aeaiiai ??cieie iaoiaeaie. Onoaiiaeaii, ui aaeni?aoeieii
iiaeeoieiaaiee ni?aaio ca a?ae?ie?oe/iith no?eeinoth i?aeoe/ii ia
iinooia?oueny, a ca o?iiioi?ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ia?aaa?oo? aiaeia,
neioaciaaiee eiaaeaioiei ca’ycoaaiiyi. Aeineiaeaeaii aieea
aiae?aoiaaiinoi e?aiiacaiii? iao?eoei i niiniao iiiiaieicaoei? ia
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii aeanoeainoi cae?iieaiiai ea?aieneeaeeieneo?iiaiieo.

4. Onoaiiaeaii caeiiii??iino? ni?aoe?eii? aca?iiae?? ?ii?a iie?aaeaio
(VI) ? oeoaio (IV) c 3-AIA-EAeO. Iieacaii, ui aeniea oaeaee?noue
aeinyaiaiiy aaoa?iaaiii? ??aiiaaae, ca?a iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy pI
ni?aoe?? c oiiaaie eiiieaeniooai?aiiy c EAeO a ?ic/ei?, ae?aaeaiee I-oei
?cioa?i, cia/iee ?ici?? aaoio?iiieo cnoa?a a niaeo?ao aeeooc?eiiai
a?aeaeooy (((max = 70-80 ii) iaeiicia/ii na?ae/aoue i?i oaiini?aoe?th
cacia/aieo iaoae?a ii cae??ieaiiio i?aai?/iiio ?aaaaioo Iioei?ciaai?
oiiae ni?aoe?eiiai aeeo/aiiy ?ii?a iieiaaeaio (VI) ? oeoaio (IV)
eiiieaeniooai?thth/ei ni?aaioii 3-AIA-EAeO.

5. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeee naeaeoeaiiai ? /ooeeaiai
ni?aoe?eii-niaeo?ioioi-iao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy iieiaaeaio, oeoaio ? aae?th
c aeei?enoaiiyi ni?aaioo

3-AIA-EAeO a ia’?eoao i?e?iaeiueiai iioiaeaeaiiy — ian?iii aiaiaeo
?ineei ? e?eoaaeueieo ioeiaeo a?aeeeaaeaiiyo. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeeee
a?ae??ciythoueny iecueeith iaaeath aecia/aiiy 1,5*10-7 % ian. (Ii),
2,5*10-7 % ian. (Ti), 2*10-7 % ian. (Ga), aeia?ith a?aeoai?thaaii?noth
?acoeueoao?a aiae?co (0,022 ( Sr ( 0,062), i?inoioith aeeiiaiiy oa
aeni?ani?noth.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

*aaioa?aa A.I., Oao?ai E. E., Ai?enthe I. A., Oaioeth?a A. O.
Aaeni?aoeeiiiia acaeiiaeaenoaea ea?aieneeaeeieneo?iiaiiea n
iiaa?oiinoueth e?aiiacaiiuo ni?aaioia // Oe?. oei. aeo?i., 1995.- o.61,
? 12.-N.102-107.

*aaioa?aa A. I., Oao?ai E. E., Ai?enthe I. A. Oeceei-oeie/aneea
oa?aeoa?enoeee eiiieaeniia?acothuaai ni?aaioa ia iniiaa
3-aieiii?iieeay?ineea e ea?aieneeaeeieneo?iiaiiea // Oe?. oei.
aeo?i.,1996.- o. 62, ? 1.- N. 12 — 18.

*aaioa?aa A. I., Oao?ai E. E., Caeaiay A. A. Ni?aoeey iieeaaeaia (VI) e
oeoaia (IV) ia 3-aieiii?iieeay?ineea, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiii
ea?aieneeaeeieneo?iiaiieii. // Oe?. oei. aeo?i., 1997, ? 10.-C. 132-137.

Shafran K. L., Chebotaryov A. N. Specificity of receiving,
physico-chemical and analytical properties of dispersed pyrogenic
silicas modified with o-dihydroxy-chromenols.//Proceedings of the
International Conference “Silica: from Sythesis to Application”, 1998,
Mulhouse, France.-P. 577-579.

Chebotaryov A.N., Shafran K.L. Physico-chemical properties and
analytical abilities of silica immobilized analytical organic reagents
of a o-dioxychromenols class.// International Congress on Analytical
Chemistry, Moscow, June 15-21, 1997.- V.1, P. D-25.

Oao?ai E. E. Eiiieaeniooai?thth/i ni?aaioe ia iniiai aii?oieo
e?aiiacaiia i i-ae?ieneo?iiaiieia oa ?o aiaeioe/ia canoinoaaiiy. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oiii/ieo iaoe
ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 02.00.02 — aiaeioe/ia oiiiy. — Oiceei-oiii/iee
iinoeooo ii.

I.A. Aiaaonueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1998.

Aeena?oaoeith i?enay/aii aeineiaeaeaiith eiiieaeniooai?thth/eo
ni?aaioia ia iniiai aii?oieo e?aiiacaiia i i-ae?ieneo?iiaiieia.
Onoaiiaeaii oiiiei-aiaeioe/ii oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?aaioia, iiaeeoieiaaieo
aaeni?aoeieiith i oiii/iith iiiiaieicaoei?th i-ae?ieneo?iiaiieia.
Aea/aii caeiiiii?iinoi ni?aoei? i iioeiiciaaii oiiae ni?aoeieiiai
aeeo/aiiy aaaaoica?yaeieo iiiia iaoaeia 3-aiiii-i?ii?eaa?ineeii,
iiaeeoieiaaiei ea?aieneeae?ieneo?iiaiieii. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeee
ni?aoeieii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iiai aecia/aiiy iie?ieieueeinoae Ii (VI), Ti
(IV) oa Ga a i?e?iaeiio ia’?eoao aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai neeaaeo.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aiaeic; iiie iaoaeia; ni?aoeiy; iiaeeoieiaaii
e?aiiacaie; oaa?aeioacia niaeo?ioioiiao?iy.

Oao?ai E.E. Eiiieaeniia?acothuea ni?aaiou ia iniiaa aii?oiuo e?aiiacaiia
e i-aeeieneo?iiaiieia, eo aiaeeoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.02 — aiaeeoe/aneay oeiey. — Oeceei-oeie/aneee
einoeooo ei. A.A. Aiaaoneiai IAI Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth eiiieaeniia?acothueo ni?aaioia ia
iniiaa aii?oiuo e?aiiacaiia e i-aeeieneo?iiaiieia. Onoaiiaeaiu
oeieei-aiaeeoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee ni?aaioia, iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo
aaeni?aoeeiiiie e oeie/aneie eiiiaeeecaoeeae i-aeeieneo?iiaiieia.
Eco/aiu caeiiiia?iinoe ni?aoeee e iioeiece?iaaiu oneiaey ni?aoeeiiiiai
ecaea/aiey iiiaica?yaeiuo eiiia iaoaeeia 3-aieiii?iieeay?ineeii,
iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiiai ea?aieneeaeeieneo?iiaiieii I?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeeee
ni?aoeeiiii-niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneiai ii?aaeaeaiey iee?ieiee/anoa Ii (VI),
Ti (IV) e Ga a i?e?iaeiuo iauaeoao neiaeiiai ninoaaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aiaeec; eiiu iaoaeeia; ni?aoeey; iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiua
e?aiiacaiu; oaa?aeioaciay niaeo?ioioiiao?ey.

Shafran K.L. Chelating sorbents based on amorphous silicas and
o-dihydroxy-chromenols. — The manuscript.

The dissertation is for a scientific degree of the candidate of
chemical sciences in a specialty 02.00.02 — analytical chemistry. — A.V.
Bogatsky Physico-Chemical Institute, National Academy of Sciences of
Ukraine, Odessa, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to the investigation of chelating sorbents
based on amorphous silicas and o-dihydroxychromenols. Physico-chemical
conditions of the receiving of sorbents, which are modified with
adsrotpion and chemical immobilization of o-dihydroxychromenols, have
been found. Conditions of the easily hydrolising

metals adsorption on 3-aminopropylaerosil modified with
o-dihydroxychromenol were determined. New methods of the
sorption-spectrophotometric determination of the Mo (VI), Ti (IV) and Ga
microamounts in environmental samples of a complex composition have been
suggested.

Key words: analysis; metal ions; adsorption; modified silicas; solid
phase spectrophotometry.

PAGE

PAGE 18

a*105,

iieue/a

a*105,

iieue/a

a*105,

iieue/a

A)

A)

A)

N?*105

iieue/e

N?*105

iieue/e

N?*105

iieue/e

a

a

a

a

S, %

a*105,

iieue/a

N?.105,iieue/e

N?.105,iieue/e

1

5

7

8

2

4

3

A)

A)

6

a*105,

iieue/a

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

16,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

16,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

?I

4

2

1

0

1

2

3

4

3

0,0

20,0

40,0

60,0

80,0

100,0

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

Naeani?a*105,

1

2

3

4

5

6

1

3

4

2

?I

iieue/e

420

460

500

540

580

4

2

3

5

0

2

4

6

8

10

l

, ii

?I

1

3

H

O

N

O

+

O

C

O

H

O

H

O

N

S i O 2

S i O 2

H

+

H

H

N

O

O

O

+

A-380-EAeO

A-380-IOAeO

A-380-NAeO

3-AIA-EAeO

3-AIA-IOAeO

3-AIA-NAeO

0,0

3,0

6,0

9,0

12,0

15,0

0,0

3,0

6,0

9,0

12,0

15,0

0,0

3,0

6,0

9,0

12,0

15,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

16,0

20,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

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20,0

0,0

4,0

8,0

12,0

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