CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?i?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa aoaeiae
eiiieaenieo niieoe d-aeaiaio?a- eao?ii?a Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+,
Hg2+ c N-, O-, S-ai?nieie e?aaiaeaie i?ii?iiiaiai ?yaeo- iio?aeieie
i?e?iaeieo (- ? (-ai?iieeneio (oeenoa?ia ? (-aeai?ia a?ae-iia?aeii) ?
aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith no/anii? eii?aeeiaoe?eii? o?i??.

Iniiaieie iaeanoyie aeei?enoaiiy oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?e-iaioaeueieo
aeaieo ii aoaeia? ? aeanoeainoyi eiiieaenieo niieoe i?e?iaeaiaio?a
(Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) ? oiene/ieo iaoae?a (Cd(II) ? Hg(II)) c
ai?iieeneioaie oa ?o iio?aeieie ? a?ieia?y oa iaaeeoeeia. Oea ca(ycaii c
oei, ui iiaaae?iea aeaiaio?a a i?aai?ci?, ?o oee?eoey-oe?y, o/anoue a
iai?i?, aeaiiioaaii?, ia?o ca ana, iaoiiaeai? caeao-i?noth eao?iia
iaoaeo a?aoe o/anoue a i?ioeanao eiiieaeniooai-?aiiy c aaaaoueia
i?e?iaeieie e?aaiaeieie nenoaiaie, o oiio /en-e? ? c aeua caaaeaieie
ai?iieeneioaie- no?oeoo?ieie aeaiaioaie iieaeoe a?ee?a.

A inoaii? ?iee ??cei c?inea caoe?eaaeaii?noue aei iiaeeo?eo-aaiiy
iieaeoe i?e?iaeieo (- ? (-ai?iieeneio oeyoii cai?uaiiy iaeiiai aai aeaio
i?ioii?a ai?iia?oi ia a?aeiia?aei? ae?oaoe/i? oa aaoa?ioeeee?/i?
?aaeeeaee ooieoe?eii? ae??, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue io?e-iaoe a oeueiio
eean? ?a/iaei iia? a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? niieoee c i?aeoe/ii oe?iiei
eiiieaenii aeanoeainoae. Oae cai?uaiiy i?i-oiia NH2-a?oie a iieaeoe?
oeenoa?ia ia ?aaeeeae C6H5CO aaaea aei ooai?aiiy N-aaici?eoeenoa?ia-
iioaioe?eiiai i?ioe?aeiaiai i?aia-?aoo. Cai?uaiiy iaeiiai c i?ioii?a
ai?iia?oie (-aeai?ia ia aaoa-?ioeeee?/i? cai?nieee acieiaiai aai
o?aae?acieiaiai ?yaeo, a ae?oai-ai — ia i?ii?iiaoia oa?oiiaaiiy
aeicaiey? io?eiaoe na??? iiaeo iaeii- ? aeaiiniiaieo eeneio oa ?o
iio?aeieo, ye? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iiaeeo?eiaai? eiiieaeniie,
ia?niaeoeai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy a eii?aeeiaoe?ei?e o?i?? ye
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei? e?aaiaee. Aeiii?i? oeaio-?e oaeeo aia?aeaioaoieo
e?aaiae?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?o i?e?iaee, aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy oa
?ioeo oaeoi??a iiaeooue caaacia/eoe ??ci? iai?yiee eiiieaeniooai?aiiy,
ui aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe aenieiaoaeoeai? oeeieiai?ni?
i?e?iaeia?eaa, ?ia?a?oi?e ei?ic?? ia-oae?a, i?ioeiaeeii? aeiaaaee. I?ae
oei N-, O-, S-ai?ni? iio?aei? i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe- i?iaeoeoe ii?aeiaiiy
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo nii-eoe (iai?eeeaae, o??aciea, o?aae?aciea, o?aciea oa
?o iio?aeieo) ? ae?-oaoe/ieo (- ? (-ai?iieeneio, a neioac? eiiieaen?a
d-aeaiaio?a ?a-i?oa ia aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aiane?aeie a?aenooiino? a
e?oa?aoo?? i?inoeo iaoiae?a ?o neioaco. Ana aeuaneacaia iaoiiaeth?
aeooaeue-i?noue ?iaioe.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii Iaoeiai? ?aaee c iai?aai?/ii?
o?i?? ?CIO IAI Oe?a?ie ? I?eaei?i?ianueei? aea?aeaa-ii? aeaaeai??
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, Aea?aeeii?oaoo c iaoee oa oaoiieia?e
(aea?aeathaeaeaoi? oaie: ? 0194U021338 (1994-1995??.) oa ? 0196U018714
(1996 ?.)).

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeai-iy
caeiiii??iinoae ooai?aiiy eii?aeeiaoe?eieo niieoe d-aeaiai-o?a (a ?yaeo
Co(3d7)(Zn(3d10) oa i?aea?oi? Zn(3d10)(Hg(5d10)) c I?o?i-aai-, Ieneaai-
oa Noeueoo?iai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai? een-eioe a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oiia eiiieaeniooai?aiiy ? i?e?iaee oeaio-?aeueiiai aoiia; anoaiiaeaiiy
aca?iica(yceo i?ae aeaeo?iiiith ? aaiiao?e/iith aoaeiaith niieoe oa ?o
aeanoeainoyie; iiooe iaean-oae i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

-io?eiaoe iia? I?o?iaai-, Ieneaai- oa Noeueoo?iai?ni? ii-o?aei?
i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe ? eiiieaene Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II),
Hg(II) ia ?o iniia? oa anoaiiaeoe o?i?/iee neeaae niieoe;

-aea/eoe oa?i?/io iiaaae?ieo eiiieaenieo niieoe aeaiaio?a i?aea?oie
Oeeieo oa aeo?aeieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a;

-aecia/eoe eiinoaioe eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? aeayeeo c neioaci-aaieo
(-ai?iieeneio ? eiinoaioe no?eeino? eiiieaenieo niieoe oa iaea?aeaoe
a?aeiiino? i?i aieea aaoa?ioeeee?/iiai o?aaiaioo ia eiinoaioe
aeenioe?aoe??;.

-i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aioii? aca?iiae?? N-, O-, S-ai?n-ieo
iio?aeieo i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe c eao?iiaie Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ ?
Hg2+ ? anoaiiaeoe niin?a eii?aeeiaoe?? iaoae?a oa aea/e-oe aeaeo?iiio ?
aaiiao?e/io aoaeiao eiiieaenieo niieoe ? aeo?ae-ieo (- ? (-ai?iieeneio;

-aecia/eoe iiaeeea? iaeano? i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy io?eiaieo niieoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye iiaee iaoeiaee iai?yiie -o?i?y eiiieaenieo
niieoe d-aeaiaio?a c iiaei eeanii aia?aeaioaoieo e?aaiae?a ia iniia?
I?o?iaai-, Ieneaai- ? Noeueoo?iai?nieo iio?aeieo i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? aecia/a?oueny ianooiiei.

-?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee iaea?aeaiiy oa cae?eniaii oe?eani?yii-aaiee neioac
iiaiai eeano e?aaiae?a ? eiiieaenieo niieoe Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),
Zn(II), Cd(II) ? Hg(II) c ae?oaoe/ieie ? aaoa?i-oeeee?/ieie I?o?iaai-,
Ieneaai- ? Noeueoo?iai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe. Neioaciaaii
20 i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a oa 84 eiiieaeni? niieoee; anoaiiaeaii ?o
o?i?/iee neeaae, c yeeo 19 i?-aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a oa 72 eiiieaeni?
niieoee io?eiai? aia?oa.

-Aea/ai? oa?iia?aa?iao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? aeoeaaoe?eii- e?iaoe/i?
ia?aiao?e oa?iie?co eiiieaenieo niieoe Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), a oaeiae
aeo?aeieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a.

-Aeine?aeaeaii eiiieaeniooai?aiiy eao?ii?a Zn(II) ? Cd(II) c
aa-oa?ioeeee?/ieie iio?aeieie (-aeai?iiaiai ?yaeo o aiaeieo ?ic-/eiao.
Aecia/aii aaee/eie eiinoaio eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? aeo?ae-ieo
(-ai?iieeneio oa eiinoaio no?eeino? eiiieaen?a; aeyaeaii aieea
aaoa?ioeeee?/iiai o?aaiaioo.

-Anoaiiaeai? niiniae eii?aeeiaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo aoii?a (eao?i-i?a
d-aeaiaio?a c aeaeo?iiiith eiio?ao?aoe??th 3d7(nd10 (aea n=3, 4, 5)) a
eiiieaenieo niieoeao c aia?aeaioaoieie e?aaiaeaie ??ciiai neeaaeo.
Iaoiaeii ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiae?co (?NA) aea/ai? e?enoae?/i?
no?oeoo?e aeayeeo (-ai?iieeneio, a iai?aaii??e/iei eaaioiai-o?i?/iei
iaoiaeii ?I3 aeine?aeaeai? iieaeoey?i? no?oe-oo?e neioaciaaieo niieoe;
aeyaeaii aieea cai?niee?a a aaoa?i-oeeee?/iiio o?aaiaio? iieaeoe
e?aaiae?a ia ?o aoaeiao. A?aecia/aii aca?iica(ycie aoaeiae niieoe c ?o
aeanoeainoyie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

-?ic?iaeai? i?ino? i?aia?aoeai? iaoiaee neioaco eiiieaenieo niieoe
d-aeaiaio?a c aaoa?ioeeee?/ieie N-, O-, S-ai?nieie iio?ae-ieie
i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe.

-Aeine?aeaeai? ?ia?aoth/?, i?ioeiaeeii? oa ?inoi?aaoethth/? aean-oeaino?
i?aai?/ieo niieoe ? eiiieaen?a Zn(II) c oeeie niieoeaie. Iieacaia
ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy neioaciaaieo niieoe ye aoaeoeaieo
i?aia?ao?a ?ia?aoth/i? oa i?ioeiaeeiii? ae?? a oaiei-aia?aaoeoe?,
?ia?a?oi??a oa noeioeyoi??a ?inoo ?ineei, a oaeiae oeei-eiai?nieo
i?e?iaeia?ea o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e /eoaii? eo?n?a o?i?/ieo aeenoeeie?i nooaeaioai
aoae?aaeueii- oaoiieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo I?eaei?i-?ianueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia XII
Ananithci?e *oaa?anuee?e ia?aae? c o?i?? eiiieaenieo niieoe
(Iiai-nea??nuee, 1975), X Ananithci?e ia?aae? c o?i??, aiae?co oa
oaoiieia?? aeaai?iaeieo iaoae?a (Iiainea??nuee, 1976), IX Oe?a?inuee?e
?an-ioae?eainuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? c iai?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Euea?a,
1977), IX Oe?a?inuee?e ?anioae?eainuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c iai?aai?/ii?
o?i?? (Neioa?iiieue, 1981), iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
?inoeoooo eaaei? i?iieneiaino? AIAe? (Aeaee?, i. Aoia?aean, 1983-1986),
XVII Ananithci?e *oaa?anuee?e ia?aae? c o?i?? eiiieaenieo niieoe
(I?inuee, 1990), nan?? Iaoeiai? ?aaee c i?iaeaie «Iai?aa-i?/ia o?i?y»
?CIO IAI Oe?a?ie (Neioa?iiieue, 1994), XVII Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c
i?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Oa?e?a, 1995), IV I?ae-ia?iaeiiio eiia?an? c
a?ieiiaa?n?? i?aai?/ieo a?aeoiae?a oa ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua
(Ee?a, 1996), OIV Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa-?aioe?? c iai?aai?/ii? o?i?? (Ee?a,
1996), I?aeia?iaeiiio aeieia?/-iiio eiia?an? (Ai?ii?ae, 1996),
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Canooa e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?anoaiee»
(A?ea?aae, 1996) oa ?io?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue iaoeia? ?aea?, iinoaiiaea
caaaeaiiy oa aea?? ia(?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aia?aoea-ia /anoeia
?iaioe, ?ic?iaea iieiaeaiue, ye? caoeuathoueny, ?ioa?-i?aoaoe?y oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiai-oaeueieo aeaieo, a
oaeiae oi?ioethaaiiy iniiaieo aeniiae?a cae?eniaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiiai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?, io?e-iai? i?e
o/ano? aaoi?a ia an?o yoaiao.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 31 noaooy a aeo?iaeao
?in?enueei? oaaea?aoe?? «Eii?aeeiaoeeiiiay oeiey», «AEo?-iae
iai?aaie/aneie oeiee», Ecaanoey aocia «Oeiey e oeie/aneay oaoiieiaey»,
«I?eeeaaeiay oeiey» ? ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 9 aeaiiiiaaieo
?oeiien?a ? 8 oac oa iaoa??ae?a eiia?an?a, neiii-c?oi?a, eiioa?aioe?e oa
nai?ia??a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeiaeaoe?a. Aiia
aeeeaaeaia ia 330 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo oa i?noeoue 73 oaaeeoe?,
108 ?enoie?a oa a?ae?ia?ao?th c 413 iaeiaioaaiue ?ia?o a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe io?eiai? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioea-n?a
eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe?? N-, O- i S-ai?nieo iio?aeieo i?ii?i-iiai?
eeneioe aei eao?ii?a Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) oa Hg(II). A
?iaio? aeei?enoaia oe?iea eiei i?aai?/ieo niieoe, ye? iathoue ianooii?
iacae oa nei?i/aiiy:

HAI- 3-[(5-iaoee-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiaiiaa eeneioa,

R=

HAII- 3-(1,3-aaico?acie-2-?eai?ii)i?iiaiiaa eeneioa, R=

H2LI- 3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(1,3-o?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiaiiaa eenei-

oa, R=H;

H2LII- 3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(4-iaoee-1,3-o?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iia-

iiaa eeneioa, R=CH3;

H2LIII-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(4-oai?e-1,3-o?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iia-

iiaa eeneioa, R=C6H5;

H2LIV-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(6-iaoee-1,3-aaico?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?i-iaiiaa
eeneioa, R=CH3;

H2LV-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(6-i?o?i-1,3-aaico?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?i-iaiiaa
eeneioa, R=NO2;

H2QI-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiaiiaa

eeneioa, R=H;

H2QII-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(5-iaoee-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?i-

iaiiaa eeneioa, R=CH3;

H2QIII-3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)(5-?cii?ii?e-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?-

ii]i?iiaiiaa eeneioa, R=i-C3H7;

H2ZI-2-ai?ii-3-noeueoai?ei?iiaiiaa eeneioa (oeenoa?i), R=H.

H2ZII-2-(aaici?eai?ii)-3-noeueoai?ei?iiaiiaa eeneioa (N-aaici?e-

oeenoa?i), R=COC6H5;

MNI-3-[(5-iaoee-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiaii?o?ee,

R1= , R2=CN;

MNII-3-(1,3-aaico?acie-2-?eai?ii)i?iiaii?o?ee,

R1= ,
R2=CN;

DNI=3-[(2-oe?aiaoee)(6-ia-

oee-1,3-aaico?acie-2-?e)ai?-

ii]i?iiaii?o?ee

DNII=3-[(2-oe?aiaoee)(4-oa-

i?e-1,3-o?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?i-

iaii?o?ee

DNIII-3-[(2-oe?aiaoee)(1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiaii?o?ee,

R1=H, R2=CN;

DNIV-3-[(2-oe?aiaoee)(5-iaoee-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-?e)ai?ii]i?iiai-

i?o?ee, R1=CH3, R2=CN;

DAI-3-[(3-ai?ii-3-ienii?ii?e)-1,3,4-o?aae?acie-2-ai?ii]i?iiaiai?ae,

R1=H, R2=CONH2;

DAII-3-[(3-ai?ii-3-ienii?i-

i?e)(4I-1,2,4-o?eacie-4-?e)ai?-

ii]i?iiaiai?ae

I?aai?/i? ?aaaaioe, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny iaie, oa?aeoa?e-cothoueny
??ciiiai?oi?noth aaiiao?e/ii? aoaeiae oa iayai?noth a neeaae? iieaeoe
??cii? e?eueeino? ae?oaoe/ieo oa aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo aoii?a, caeaoieo
eii?aeeioaaoeny aei eao?ii?a d-aeaiaio?a.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaa-ii iaoo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iieacaii iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?i-aioe,
i?eaaaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e a?o-/eciyieo
oa caei?aeiiieo aeine?aeiee?a a iaeano? aea/aiiy i?ioean?a
eiiieaeniooai?aiiy d-aeaiaio?a c (- ai?iieeneioaie- oeenoa?iii oa eiai
no?oeoo?ieie aiaeiaaie, ae?oaoe/ieie (-ai?iieeneioa-ie i?ii?iiiaiai
?yaeo, I?o?iaai- ? Noeueoo?iai?nieie aaoa?i-oeeeeaie, a oaeiae ?icaeyaeo
i?eeeaae?a i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo niieoe d-aeaiaio?a c (-
? (-ai?iieeneioaie.

A?aecia/aii, ui ieoaiiy, ye? iia(ycai? c i?iaeaiith eiieo-?aioii?
aca?iiae?? eao?ii?a iaoae?a, o oiio /ene? ? d-aeaiaio?a ((Co(II),
Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) oa Hg(II)) c aia?aeaioaoieie e?aaiaeaie-
i?iaeoeoaie iiaaeiaiiy aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo o?aaiaio?a (?aaeeeae?a o??aciea,
o?aciea, o?aae?aciea) ? (-ai?iiiiii- oa (-?i?ii-aeei?ii?iiiaeo
oa?oiiaaiue oa ?o iio?aeieo- aei ii/aoeo aeeiiaiiy aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a e?oa?aoo?? ia iaaiai?thaaeenue.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iienai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo oa
i?aia?aoeaia /anoeia ?iaioe, yea ca(ycaia c ?ic?iaeith iaoi-aeee neioaco
niieoe (e?aaiae?a ? iaoaeieiiieaen?a).

Neioac N-, O-, S-ai?nieo iio?aeieo i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe. I?o?i-aai-,
Ieneaai- ? Noeueoo?iai?ni? iio?aei? i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe
(aa-oa?ioeeee?/i? (- ? (-ai?iieeneioe, aeeai?aee, i?o?eee) iaea?aeai?
ca?aeii ianooiieo ?aaeoe?e:

R-NH2+nCH2=CH-CN(R-NR1(CH2CH2CN)n, (1)

aea R- aaoa?ioeeee acieiaiai aai o?acieiaiai ?yaeo;

R1=I (n=1); R1=CH2CH2CN (i?e n=2).

R-NR1(CH2CH2CN)n(R-NR2(CH2CH2CINI2)n, (2)

aea R2=I (n=1); R2=CH2CH2CINI2 (n=2).

R-NR2(CH2CH2CINI2)n(R-NR3(CH2CH2CIII)n, (3)

aea R3=I (n=1); R3=CH2CH2CIII (n=2).

Aieiaiee i?eioeei io?eiaiiy i?o?ee?a MNI,II ? DNI-IV iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeo?aeiee ?aaaaio- ae?eeii?o?ee (CH2=CH-CN) a i?e-nooiino? eoaeieo
aaaio?a (aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a NaOH aai EOH 40%-ii? eiioeaio?aoe??) eaaei
eiiaeaino?oueny c ??cieie i?aai?/ieie niieo-eaie, ye? iathoue ?ooii?
aoiie A?ae?iaaio, iai?eeeaae, R-NH2 (aea R-?aaeeeaee o?eacieo,
o?aae?acieo, o?acieo oa ?o iio?aeieo) (1).

Neioac aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo iiii- (HAI,II) ? aeeea?aiiiaeo (H2LI-V,
H2QI-III) eeneio i?ii?iiiaiai ?yaeo aaco?oueny ia ?aaeoe?? eeneioii-ai
a?ae?ie?co a?aeiia?aeieo iiii-((-oe?aiaoeeiaeo) (R-NICH2CH2CN) oa
ae?-((-ae?oe?aiaoeeiaeo) iio?aeieo (R-N(CH2CH2CN)2), aea
R-aaoa?i-oeeee?/iee ?aaeeeae (3).

DAI,II aoee neioaciaai? c aeei?enoaiiyi eoaeiiai a?ae?ie?co
a?aeiia?aeieo ae?-((-ae?oe?aiaoeeiaeo) iio?aeieo ii ?aaeoe?? (2).

Neioac H2ZII cae?eniaii iaoiaeii aaici?ethaaiiy oeenoa?ia a eoaeiiio
na?aaeiaeu?:

NaSCH2CH(NH2)COONa+C6H5COCl(( ((NaSCH2CH(NHCOC6H5)COONa+HCl.
(4)

Neioac eiiieaenieo niieoe Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) oa
Hg(II) c N-, O-, S-ai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe. Ai-eiaiei
i?e neioac? eiiieaenieo niieoe d-aeaiaio?a c I?o?iaai-, Ieneaai- ?
Noeueoo?iai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe ? anoaiiaeaiiy
iioeiaeueieo oiia ooai?aiiy ?o a ?ic/ei? ? io?e-iaiiy o oaa?aeiio noai?:
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?aaaoth/eo ?a/iaei (e?aai-aea ? nie? iaoaea); ?I
?aaeoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua oa eiai oaiia?a-oo?e. Neioac eiiieaenieo niieoe
aaco?oueny ia ?aaeoe?? iaeo?ae?-caoe?? (-ai?iieeneio (H2LI-V, H2QI-III,
aai HAI,II) a?ae?ieneaeaie iaoae?a a iieueiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? iaoae:
e?aaiae=1:1 aai 1:2, iaeo?ae?caoe?? (-ai?iieeneio (H2ZI,II) eoaii c
iiaeaeueoei aei-aeaaaiiyi a?aeiia?aeii? nie? iaoaeo aai aaciina?aaeiuei?
aca?iiae?? aiaeieo ?ic/ei?a H2LI-V, H2QI-III aai DAI,II c iai?aai?/ieie
nieyie aeaiaio?a i?aea?oi Eoi?oio ? Oeeieo.

Neioaciaai? eiiieaeni? niieoee iathoue oaeee neeaae: MLI-V(nH2O (M=Co2+,
Ni2+, Cu2+ (n=4), Zn2+, Cd2+ (n=1)) ? MQI-III(nH2O (M=Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+
(n=4)), Zn2+, Cd2+ (n=1) aai (n=2) (ZnQI(2H2O)), [M(AI,II)2](4H2O
(M=Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+e Cd2+) ? [M(IZI,II)2] (Zn2+, Cd2+ ? Ig2+);
CuH2LI-VSO4(4H2O, CuH2QI-IIISO4(4H2O, HgOH2LI-V(H2O,
HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O, ZnDAISO4, ZnDAIISO4(7H2O, CdDAICl2, CdDAIICl2 H2O,
HgDAI(NO3)2, HgDAII(NO3)2(H2O.

I?e ?icaeyae? eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe?? N-,O-,S-ai?nieo i?i-i?iiiai?
eeneioe aei eao?ii?a d-aeaiaio?a aoee /anoeiai aeei?en-oai? aeai?, ui
io?eiai? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy ea-o?ii?a Ag+ ? Cu2+ c
ianooiieie iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieie e?aaiaeaie: ienaeai?aeii (OA),
4-[(4-iaoeeoai?e)noeueoii?e]-2-oai?e-1,3-iena-cieii (HOoz),
4-[(4-iaoeeoai?e)noeueoii?e]-2-oai?e-1,3-o?acieii (HTtz) ?
5-iao?e-1I-i??acieii (MPz) (OA ? MPz- ae?iaeythoueny i?i-ieneia?noth, a
HOoz ? HTtz — neioaciaai? aeioeaioii Oa?/aieii I.A.).

A oaa?aeiio noai? io?eiai? eiiieaeni? niieoee neeaaeo: AgOoz, AgTtz,
Cu(Ttz)2, Cu(OH)2(2MPz, Cu(OH)2(4MPz(2H2O ? CuOA(H2O.

O?i?/iee neeaae neioaciaaieo niieoe anoaiiaeaii ia i?aenoaa?
?acoeueoao?a aeaiaioiiai aiae?co, ca?aeii yeiai i?aai?/i? ?aaaaioe oa
eiiieaene [M(HZI)2], [Zn(HZII)2], AgOoz, AgTtz, Cu(Ttz)2, Cu(OH)2(2MPz
i?aaenoaaeythoue niaith aacaiaei? ?a/iaeie; a an? ?io? eiiieaene iaoae?a
i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae? a?ae 1 aei 7 iieaeoe ai-aee.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy oa?-i?/ii?
iiaaae?iee neioaciaaieo niieoe oa iaaiai?ththoueny
aeoeaa-oe?eii-e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e: ii?yaeie oa?iie?oe/ii? ?aaeoe?? (n),
aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? (E, eAeae/iieue), eiaa?eoi ia?aaeaeniiiaioe?eiiai
iiiaeieea (ligA)), ye? aecia/aeeny ii i?ia?ai? «Kinetics».

Aiae?c aea??aaoia?ai iieaco?, ui oa?i?/iee ?iceeaae i?aai?/-ieo
?aaaaio?a (iai?eeeaae, H2ZI, H2ZII, H2LI-V, H2QI-III) niinoa??-aa?oueny
i?e oaiia?aoo?ao aeua oaiia?aoo?e ?o ieaaeaiiy. Ii-/aoeiaith noaae??th
?iceeaaeo niieoe ? aeaea?aieneethaaiiy.

Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui i?ioeane oa?i?/iiai ?iceeaaeo eiiieaenieo
niieoe aeaiaio?a i?aea?oie Oeeieo c H2ZI, H2ZII, H2LI-V, H2QI-III i?e
iaa??aaii? ia iia?o?? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ?iceeaaeo a?aeiia?aeieo
aeo?aeieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a. Ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? ?iceeaaeo
eiiieaen?a i?e oaiia?aoo?? (100 iN niinoa??aa?oueny aiaeioa?i?/ia
a?aeuaieaiiy iieaeoe aiaee (aeey eiiieaen?a, ye? i?noyoue o na?io
neeaae? I2I) oa ?iceeaae i?aai?/ieo o?aaiaio?a eiiieaen?a. E?ioeaaei
i?iaeoeoii oa?i?/ii? aeano?oeoe?? eiiieaen?a Zn(II) ? Cd(II) ? ieneaee
iaoae?a, a o aeiaaeeo eiiieaen?a Hg(II) i?e oaiia?aoo?ao 350-400iN
niinoa??aa?ony ooai?aiiy iaoae?/ii? ?oo-o?: 2HgO=2Hg+O2.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ao-aeiae oa
?? aca?iica(yceo c aeanoeainoyie eiiieaenieo niieoe d- aeaiaio?a
(Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II)) c iiaeie
aia?-aeaioaoieie e?aaiaeaie- N-, O-, S-ai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai?
eeneioe. Oe? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
?aioaaii-no?oeoo?iiai (?NA) ? ?aioaaiioaciaiai (?OA) aiae?c?a, ?*- ?
II?- niaeo?ineii??, a oaeiae iai?aaii??e/iiai eaaioiai-o?i?/ii-ai
iaoiaeo ?I3.

Aaaeeeai a?aecia/eoe, ui neioaciaai? iaie iia? i?aai?/i? nii-eoee ?
c?o/ieie iiaeaeyie aeey anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae eiieo?aioii?
eii?aeeiaoe?? oeeo iie?aeaioaoieo e?aaiae?a aei eao?ii?a d-aeaiaio?a.
Aea aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a aca?iiae?? d-aeaiaio?a c oa-eeie e?aaiaeaie
iia(ycaia c iaaieie o?oaeiiuaie, iaoiiaeaie-ie iayai?noth a neeaae? (-
? (-ai?iieeneio oa ?o iio?aeieo aaeeeiai /enea aoii?a N, O, S.
Ii?aeiaiiy oaeeo ??cieo ca aeiii?iith aeoea-i?noth aoii?a o eiaeiiio
ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo iio?aao? ?ica(ycaiiy ieoaiiy i?i niin?a eii?aeeiaoe??
e?aaiaea ? i?i ca(ycie aoaeiae nii-eoe c ?o aeanoeainoyie. Neeaaei?noue
ae??oaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy ii-eyaa? a oiio, ui o/anoue aoii?a N, O, S o
ca(ycoaaii? ?iia-eiii-eaeniooai?thaa/a caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, iane?eueee
oni?oii aeiii?iee aoii eiieo?o? c non?aei?i oa iane?eueee oni?oii
eao?iie iaoae?a eiieo?othoue c i?ioiiaie, ui aa?ooue o/anoue a i?ioean?
i?ioiiiiai iai?io, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey (- ? (-ai?iieeneio.

Aeoiaey/e c eiioeaioe?? aei?noeeo oa i(yeeo eeneio oa iniia (AEIEI)
aoiiai N, O iaaeathoueny aei?noe?, a aoiiai S- i(ye? aean-oeaino?. A
?yaeo eao?ii?a
I+-Co2+(3d7)-Ni2+(3d8)-Cu2+(3d9)-Zn2+(3d10)-Cd2+(4d10)-Hg2+(5d10)-
i?ioii a?aeiinyoue aei aei?noeeo, a ?iie c aeaeo-?iiiith eio?ao?aoe??th
3d7(3d10 ? 4d10, 5d10 aei i?ii?aeieo oa i(yeeo eeneio I??niia
a?aeiia?aeii.

A?aeiii, ui ?aaeoe?? eiiieaeniooai?aiiy i?ioiaeyoue oaeei /e-iii, ui
aei?noe? eeneioe ca(ycothoueny c aei?noeeie iniiaaie, a i(ye? eeneioe- c
i(yeeie iniiaaie. Ia?oee oei aca?iiae?? iie-no?oueny ?iiiith, a ae?oaee-
eiaaeaioiith iiaeaeyie. Eiieo?aioia ?aaaoaaiiy eeneio ? iniia c
i?ii?aeieie aeanoeainoyie ? ci?oaia aai ?iiii- eiaaeaioia aca?iiae?y.
Naia oeae oei aca?iiae?? ioiieth? iaea?eueo oe?ieee eean
eii?aeeiaoe?eieo niieoe ? ? iaeiaio aea-/aiei oa iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy. Aei oeueai oeio eii-eo?aioiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ne?ae a?aeianoe
? aeine?aeaeoaai? iaie ia(?eoe.

Anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe??
iie?ooieoe?iiaeueieo e?aaiae?a, ye? iienai? a aeena?oaoe??, aei ?ii?a
d-aeaiaio?a i?iaaaeaia aeaiia iai?yieaie: aea/aii eiiieaeni-ooai?aiiy a
aiaeieo ?ic/eiao oa aea/aia aoaeiaa oaa?aeeo eiii-eaenieo niieoe.

Iaoiaeii ?NA anoaiiaeaii, ui e?enoae?/i? (-ai?iieeneioe o?aae?acieiai?
na??? H2QI (?en.1) ? H2QII (?en.2) iathoue iie?ia?io aoaeiao.
Ia?aeiieea? aeieace anioe?eiaaiiai noaio iaie aoee io?e-iai? ? aeey
niieoe HAI,II, H2LI-V i H2QIII — no?oeoo?ieo aiaeia?a H2QI ? H2QII. A ?o
?*-niaeo?ao ciaeaeai? nioae iiaeeiaiue aaeaioieo ei-eeaaiue a iaeano?
3000-2500 ni-1 ? 1730-1700 ni-1 (((N=I)), oeiiaeo aeey e?enoae?/ieo
ai?iieeneio iie?ia?ii? aoaeiae.

Iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui a no?oeoo?ao H2QI ? H2QII ?aae?cothoueny neeuei?
i?aeiieaeoey?i? I-ca(ycee. I?ioiie iaio ea?aieneeueieo a?oi aeeiiothoue
a ieo ?ieue aei?noeeo aeoeaioi??a (eeneio), a aoiie N aaoa?ioeeee?/iiai
o?aaiaioo- aei?noeeo ioeeaio?e?a (iniia). I?e oeueiio a niieooe? H2QI a
ooai?aii? i?aeiieaeoey?ieo I-ca(yce?a oeio N(((I-I aa?a o/anoue aoii N
o?aae?acieiaiai o?aaiaioo a iieiaeaii? 3 (ia ?en.1 oea N(1)), a H2QII-
aoii N o?aae?acieiaiai o?aaiaioo a iieiaeaii? 4 ( ia ?en.2 oea N(2)).

?en.1. O?aaiaio oiaeoaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue a e?enoae? H2QI
(I-ca(ycee iicia/ai? e?aieaie).

?en.2. O?aaiaio oiaeoaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iaeeieoeue a e?enoae? H2QII
(I-ca(ycee iicia/ai? e?aieaie).

sse na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe ?NA (?en.1) ? eaaioiai-o?i?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a
(oaae.1) a niieooe? H2QI c /ioe?ueio aoii?a N(3), N(4),
N(iicae?eueoeaaee) ? S a ooai?aii? I-ca(yce?a aa?a o/anoue o?eueee
N(3), yeee ia? a?ae(?iiee aeaeo?e/iee ca?yae (q=-0,114).

Oaaeeoey 1.Ca?yaee ia aoiiao N, O ? S a iieaeoe? H2QI (oaieioa ooai?aiiy
(H=-498,90 eAeae/iieue)

Aoii Ca?yae aoiia (q) Aoii Ca?yae aoiia (q)

S 0,248 O (II) -0,294

N(3) -0,114 O (N=I) -0,342

N(4) 0,012 O (II) -0,294

N(iicae?eueoeaaee) 0,067 O (N=I) -0,435

C?noaaeaiiy e?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo?, iaaaaeaieo ia ?en. 1 ? 2, iieaco?, ui
cai?uaiiy i?ioiio NI-a?oie aaoa?ioeeeea (iiei-aeaiiy 5) ia iaoeeueio
a?oio NI3 i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aeo ci?i ?o no?oeoo?e ? iaoiiaeth?
??ciiiai?oiee niin?a i?aai?caoe?? iie?-ia?ieo eaioethaee?a i?e ia?aoiae?
a?ae H2QI aei H2QII. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i aieea cai?niee?a a
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo o?aaiaioao (-ai?iieeneio ia ?o aoaeiao oa aeanoeaino?
(iai?eeeaae, eeneioii-iniiai? aeanoeain-o? oa no?ee?noue eiiieaen?a
ZnQI,II CdQI,II). Inoaii? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aaee/eiaie eiinoaio
eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? H2LI-IV, H2QI-III ? CuH2LIISO4(4H2O oa eiinoaio
no?eeino? ILI,II ? IQI-III.

Eiinoaioe eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? (-ai?iieeneio H2LI-IV, H2QI-III ?
eiiieaenii? niieoee CuH2LIISO4(4H2O (K1 i K2) aecia/aee aeaaa-?a?/iei
iaoiaeii ca aeaieie ?I-iao??? (0,15 M KNO3, t=25(0,1oC). ?ic?aooiee K1 i
K2 oa ?o noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo i?iaiaeeee ca aeiii-iiaith ia?niiaeueiiai
eiii(thoa?a IBM PC/486 ca niaoe?aeueii ?ic-?iaeaieie i?ia?aiaie.
Iaea?aeai? eiinoaioe aeenioe?aoe??: K1=(1,33(0,15)(10-4 ?
K2=(1,07(0,10)(10-5 (H2QI); K1=(1,25(0,18)(10-4 ? K2 (1,17(0,1)(10-5
(H2QII); K1=(1,04(0,15)(10-4 ? K2=(8,01(0,58)(10-6 (H2QIII);
K1=(2,47(0,24)(10-5 ? K2=(7,82(0,10)(10-7 (H2LI); K1=(2,47(0,28)(10-5 ?
K2=(4,69(0,25)(10-7 (H2LII); K1=(3,09(0,19)(10-4 (H2LIII);
K1=(4,93(0,76)(10-5 ? K2=(6,04(0,95)(10-7 (H2LIV); K1=(1,68(0,50)(10-4 ?
K2=(2,29(0,59)(10-6 CuH2LIISO4(4H2O (c iaae?e-i?noth (=0,95).

I?e aca?iiae?? (-ai?iieeneio H2LI-V, H2QI-III c iniiaaie (NaOH aai EOH)
?iie H+, ye? iathoue aeanoeaino? aei?noeeo aeoeaioi??a, ca-aacia/othoue
caeaaeii a?ae aaee/eie ?I i?ioean i?ioiioaaiiy (( aea-i?ioiioaaiiy
ea?aieneeueieo ? ai?iia?oi, ye? i?noyoue aei?noe? ioeeaio?euei? oeaio?e
I ? N. A oeeo niieoeao ia?aiao?aie neee aei?noeino? iniia (I ? N)
iiaeooue aooe aaee/eie eiinoaio een-eioii? aeenioe?aoe?? K1 ? K2. I?e
oeueiio K1 iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye e?eoa??e neee aei?noeino?
a?ae?ieneeueiiai aoiia I iaei??? ?c aeaio ea?aieneeueieo a?oi, a K2 — ye
oa?aeoa?enoeeo neee aei?noeino? ii-cae?eueoeaaiai aoiia N. Oea iia(ycaii
c oei, ui a aeeea?aiiiaeo ai?iieeneioao (iniaeeai a na?aaeiaeu?
iiey?iiai ?ic/eiieea, iai?eeeaae, a aiae?) i?ioii ea?aieneeueii? a?oie
iiaea cai?ioiuei ia?aoiaeeoe aei aoiia N. I?e oeueiio c? ciaioaiiyi
aaee/eie K2 iineeth?oueny ca(ycie aeoeaioi?a (I+) c aeiii?ii (N), a,
ioaea, ? neea aei?noeino? inoaiiueiai aoaea a?eueoa.

A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui cai?uaiiy i?ioiia NH-a?oie a iiea-eoe?
3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)ai?ii]i?iiaiiai? eeneioe (?AeI) ia aaoa-?ioeeee?/i?
?aaeeeaee o?acieo, o?aae?acieo oa ?o iio?aeieo iaoiiaeth? caeiiii??ia
i?aeaeuaiiy aaee/ei eiinoaio eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? H2LI,II,IV ?
H2QI-III, ui iiaeia iiynieoe ?iaeoeoe?eiei aieeaii aeaca-ieo
aaoa?ioeeee?a. Cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy aaee/eie K2 niinoa??aa?oueny a ?yaeo
eeneio: 3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)ai?ii]i?iiaiiaa eeneioa ( H2LI,II,IV (
H2QI-III, ui iia(ycaii ?c ciaioaiiyi iniiaiino? iicae?eueoeaaiai aoiia N
a?ae 3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)ai?-ii]i?iiaiiai? eeneioe aei H2L I,II,IV aai
H2QI-III.

Iieacaii, ui eeneioii-iniiai? aeanoeaino? eiiieaenieo niieoe a cia/i?e
i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae ?o o?i?/ii? aoaeiae. Oae, aaee-/eie K1 ? K2
i?aeaeuothoueny a?ae aeo?aeii? eeneioe H2LII aei eiii-eaenii? niieoee
CuH2LIISO4(4H2O, ui ca(ycaii c eii?aeeiaoe??th oeueiai e?aaiaeo aei
oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia ca aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai c aoii?a aaoa?ioeeeeo (S).
Aea oea i?aeaeuaiiy K1 ? K2 a eiiieaen? iacia/ia aiane?aeie
a?aeaeaeaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai aoiio a?ae COOH-a?oi, ui aeenioe?ththoue.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?I-iao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiieo?aioii? aca?iiae??
a nenoaiao H2LI,II-NaOH-ZnSO4 (aai CdSO4) -H2O, H2QI-III-NaOH- ZnSO4
(aai CdSO4)-H2O (0,15 M KNO3, t=25(0,1oC) aeia?a, ui a iaeano? ?I(6,0,
aea iniiaiith oi?iith e?aaiae?a ? ai?iie LI,II2- ? QI-III2-
ooai?ththoueny oaeaoe neeaaeo iaoae : e?aaiae=1:1. A oeeo eiiieaenao
aeoeaioi?e c i?ii?aeieie (Zn2+) ? i(yeeie (Cd2+) aean-oeainoyie ca(ycai?
c aei?noeeie ioeeaio?eaie- aoiiaie I aeaio aeai?ioiiiaaieo
ea?aieneeueieo a?oi ? aoiiii iicae?eueoeaaiai N. No?ee?noue oeeo
eiiieaen?a (oaae.2), ye ? ne?ae aoei i/?eoaaoe, cia/ii ieae/a no?eeino?
eiiieaen?a Oeeieo ? Eaaei?th c aeaioca?yaeiei ai?i-iii ?AeI, ui ca(ycaii
c aeanoaa?e?coth/ith ae??th aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo o?aaiaio?a.

A oe?eiio, no?ee?noue eiiieaen?a ciaioo?oueny a?ae Zn(II) aei Cd(II), a
a ?yaeo e?aaiae?a a?ae LI, II2- aei QI-III2-.

Oaaeeoey 2. Eiinoaioe no?eeino? eiiieaen?a MLI,II ? MQI-III (aea
M2+=Zn2+ ? Cd2+) (t = 25(0,1oC, ( = 0,15 M)

Ai?ii eeneioe Eiaa?eoi eiinoaioe no?eeino? (lg(1)

Zn2+ Cd2+

LI2- 2,74 2,80

LII2- 3,12 2,88

QI2- 2,30 2,24

QII2- 2,45 2,27

QIII2- 2,67 2,49

sse aeaeii c aeua i?eaaaeaieo aeaieo, cai?nieee a aaoa-?ioeeee?/ieo
o?aaiaioao I2LI,II ? I2QI-III i?iyaeythoue iaaiee aieea ia aaee/eie
eiinoaio eeneioii? aeenioe?aoe?? ? no?ee?noue eiiieaen?a Zn(II) ? Cd(II)
i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae I2LI aei I2LII oa a?ae I2QI aei I2QII,III.

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe??, io?eiaii? c aeaieo ?aioaa-iino?oeoo?iiai
oa eaaioiai-o?i?/iiai aiae?co iieacaa, ui ea?-aieneeuei? a?oie a I2QI ?
I2QII iathoue aneiao?e/io aoaeiao (aeiaaeeie ca(ye?a N=I ? N-I ?
aaee/eie ca?yae?a ??ci?). Aea o ae-iaaeeo oaeao?a neeaaeo
[M(AI,II)2](4H2O, MLI-V(nH2O oa MQI-III(nH2O, aea I=Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+,
Zn2+, Cd2+ no?oeoo?a aeai?ioiiiaaieo ea?-aieneeueieo a?oi, ui
i?eeiathoue o/anoue o eii?aeeiaoe?? oeaio?aeue-ieo aoii?a, noaiiaeoueny
a?eueo neiao?e/iith. Oea aoei i?aeoaa?ae-aeaii ?acoeueoaoaie c?noaaeaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo aeiaaeei ca(ye?a ? aaee-/ei ca?yae?a ia aoiiao I a
(-ai?iieeneioao ? eiiieaenao iaoae?a ? aiai?eoue i?i ia?aaaaeii ?iiiee
oa?aeoa? ca(yce?a oeio I-I.

A ?*-niaeo?ao oaeao?a [M(AI,II)2](4H2O, MLI-V(nH2O oa
MQI-III(nH2O ??cieoey i?ae aaee/eiaie /anoio aneiao?e/ieo ? neiao?e/ieo
aaeaioieo eieeaaiue (((=(as(C-O)-(s(C-O)) i?aeoe/ii aeey an?o niieoe
ciaoiaeeoueny i?e ((( 225 ni-1 (iai?eeeaae, aeey CuLII(4H2O-198,
NiLII(4H2O-192,( ZnQI,II nH2O-200, [Zn(AII)2](4H2O-170 ni-1), ui, ye
a?aeiii ?c e?oa?aoo?e, na?ae/eoue i?i ?iiiee oei ca(yceo I-I.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a oeeo eiiieaenieo niieoeao ii?yae c aoi-iaie I
NII—a?oi a ca(ycoaaii? oeaio?aeueieo aoii?a aa?ooue o/anoue aoiie
iicae?eueoeaaiai N ( a eiiieaenao /anoioe ((N- N) ci?uai? a iaeanoue
iecueeeo /anoio i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae ?*-niaeo??a ae-o?aeieo (-ai?iieeneio
aei eiiieaen?a, a oie /an, ye /anoioe ((e?eue-oey) caeeoathoueny
iaci?iieie aeey iaoaeieiiieaen?a ? i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a).

Ca?aeii aeaiei eaaioiai-o?i?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a, a eiiieaenieo niieoeao
ZnLI-III(H2O ? ZnQI(2H2O aeiaaeeia ca(yceo Zn-I ciaoi-aeeoueny a iaaeao
1,90-1,92 A, a eiaaeaioiee ca(ycie Zn-N (iicae?eue-oeaaee), yeee
ooai?aiee ii aeiii?ii — aeoeaioi?iiio iaoai?cio,- 3,17-3,19 A.

Ia ?en.3 iieacai? ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a
eiiieaenii? niieoee ZnLII(H2O, a ye?e aeanyoe/eaiiee oeeee I-Zn-I ?
iiae?eaiei ia aeaa aea?aaeaioi? oanoe/eaii? oeeeee I-Zn-N
(iicae?eueoeaaee aoii), a oie /an ye o aeiaaeeo [M(AI,II)2](4H2O oae?
oeeeee ?icoaoiaai? a?aeie?aieaii ii iaeaeaa aiee a?ae oeaio?aeueiiai
aoiia.

Oaeei /eiii, a oaeaoao iaeiica?yaei? (AI,II-) ? aeaica?yaei? (LI-V2- i
QI-III2-) ai?iie (-ai?iieeneio HAI,II, H2LI-V, H2QI-III ooieoe?iiothoue
ii a?aeiioaiith aei oeaio?aeueieo aoii?a ia?aaaaeii ye a?- oa
o?eaeaioaoi? e?aaiaee a?aeiia?aeii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a i?ioean?
eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe?? ioeeaio?euei? aoiie iicae?eueoeaaiai N ? I
aeai?ioiiiaaieo ea?aieneeueieo a?oi (aei?noe? iniiae) ca(ycothoueny ye c
i?ii?aeieie (Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+), oae ? c i(yeeie (Cd2+) eeneioaie
I??niia. C aoiaeaeaiiyi iieaeoee aiaee aei aioo??oiuei? noa?e eiiieaen?a
MLI-V(nH2O oa MQI-III(nH2O (a ?*-niaeo?ao inoaii?o niinoa??aa?oueny
nioaa iiaeeiaiiy ((H2O) i?e 3420-3413 ni-1) caaa?oo?oueny oi?ioaaiiy ?o
oao?aaae?e/ii? no?oe-oo?e (?en.3) c aeiaaeeiith ca(yceo Zn-II2 aeey
eiiieaenieo niieoe ZnLI-III(H2O ? ZnQI(2H2O a 3,31-2,32 A.

a
a

?en.3. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a eiiieaenii?
niieoee ZnLII(H2O c iioei?ciaaieie aaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

Aeine?aeaeaia niaoeeo?/ia eiieo?aioia aca?iiae?y H2LI-V ? H2QI-III c
CuSO4, Hg(NO3)2 i HgO. Iaoiaeaie ?*-, II?-niaeo?ineii??, ?I-iao???, a
oaeiae iai?aaii??e/iei eaaioiai-o?i?/iei iaoiaeii ?I3 ii i?ia?ai?
«II?AN» aea/ai? aoaeiaa ? aeanoeaino? eiiieaen?a Cu(II) ? Hg(II), ui
i?noyoue o nai?io neeaae? iiiiaeaioaoii eii?-aeeiiaai? aei
?ii?a-eiiieaeniooai?thaa/?a ca aeiiiiiaith aoiia S (-ai?iieeneioe, a
aeiiii?aeieie e?aaiaeaie aenooiathoue caeeoee eeneio (SO42-, NO3-) ?
iieaeoee aiaee:

CuH2LI-VSO4(4H2O, CuH2QI-III(4H2O, HgOH2LI-V(H2O

oa HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oiiaaie eiiieaeniooai?aiiy (eenea na-?aaeiaeua) a
oeeo eiiieaenao eiaeia ia?a aeaeo?io?eueieo aaaio?a (Cu2+ ? I+) aai
(Hg2+ (HgO) ? I+) caaacia/o? iaeii/ania ooieoe?i-ioaaiiy iaio o?aaiaio?a
aia?aeaioaoiiai e?aaiaeo (H2LI-V ? H2QI-III): ae?oaoe/iiai ?
aaoa?ioeeee?/iiai a ?aaeei? aei?noei- aei?noei? (NIII+N((NII-+IN+) ?
i(yei- i(yei? (S-Cu2+ aai S-Hg2+(HgO)) eiieo?aioii? aca?iiae??.

I?e iaaiai?aii? ieoaiue eiieo?aioii? aca?iiae?? ii ia?oiio oeio
iaiao?aeii ea?oaaoeny ianooiieie ocaaaeueiaiiyie:

-aeey e?enoae?/ieo (-ai?iieeneio IAI,II, H2LI-V ? H2QI-III (oiiae
neioaco- iaeo?aeueia na?aaeiaeua) ia oa?aeoa?ia a?iiey?ia aoaeiaa;

-a ?ic/eiao (-ai?iieeneio ? «eeneeo» eiiieaen?a Cu(II) ? Hg(II) a
i?aai?/ieo ?ic/eiieeao (iai?eeeaae, DMSO-D6) i?ioiie eiea-e?ciaai?
aeeeth/ii ia ea?aieneeao;

-a aaciaiio na?aaeiaeu? i?ioean ia?aiino i?ioiia a?ae ea?aieneeue-ii?
a?oie aei aoiia N a (-ai?iieeneioao ? oa?iiaeeiai?/ii ia aea?aeiei, ui
aoei iaie aeiaaaeaii ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a eaaioi-ai-o?i?/ieo
?ic?aooie?a /ioe?ueio eiioi?iaoe?eieo noai?a iiea-eoee H2QI: A- iaeaea?
ea?aieneeuei? a?oie i?ioiiiaai? (oaieioa ooai?aiiy (I=-498 eAeae/iieue);
A, A, A-iaeia c ea?aieneeueieo a?oi caeeoa?oueny i?ioiiiaaiith, a i?ioii
ae?oai? ia?aoiaeeoue aei iaeiiai c aoii?a N: iicae?eueoeaaiio ((I=-247
eAeae/iieue); N(3) ((I=-278 eAeae/iieue); N(4) ((I=-261 eAeae/iieue);

-a eeneeo aiaeieo na?aaeiaeuao a??ia?aei?noue ?nioaaiiy HAI,II, H2LI-V,
H2QI-III, a oaeiae eiiieaen?a CuH2LI-VSO4(4H2O, CuH2QI-III(4H2O,
HgOH2LI-V(H2O oa HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O- aeaiiniiaieo eeneio a a?-iiey?i?e
oi?i? cia/ii c?inoa?. Iaeia c iiaeeeaeo a?iiey?ieo no?oeoo? (ia
i?eeeaae? eiiieaenii? niieoee HgOH2LI(H2O) iiaeaia ia ?en.4.

A iieaeoey?i?e no?oeoo?? HgOH2LI(H2O (?en.4) aoiie S(1), I(18) ? I(19)
ciaoiaeyoueny a iaei?e ieiuei? (Z), ooai?thth/e o?eeooiee c ianooiieie
aaee/eiaie noi??i: S(1)I(18)-3,96, I(18)I(19)-4,63, I(19) S(1)-3,34 A, a
aaeaioi? eooe oa aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a iaaaaeai? a oaae. 3. A oeaio??
oeueiai o?eeooieea ?icoaoi-aaiee aoii Hg, yeee aeoiaeeoue c ieiueie Z ia
0,06 A.

C?noaaeaiiy ?*-niaeo??a CuH2LI-V(SO4(4H2O, CuH2QI-III(4H2O,
HgOH2LI-V(H2O oa HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O c ?*-niaeo?aie H2LI-V ?
H2QI-III o oaa?aeiio noai? iieacaei, ui aiie iathoue iiae?aiee oa?aeoa?
a iaeano? /anoio 3000-2500 ni-1 ? 1730-1700 ni-1. Oeae oaeo

a a

?en.4. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a eiiieaenii?
niieoee HgOH2LI(H2O c iioei?ciaaieie aaiiao?e/-ieie ia?aiao?aie.

Oaaeeoey 3. Aaee/eie aaeaioieo eoo?a ((, a?aae) oa aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a

(d, A) a iieaeoe? HgOH2LI(H2O

Eoo (, a?aae Ca(ycie d, A

C(2)-S(1)-Hg(17) 152,92 S(1)-Hg(17) 2,69

C(5)-S(1)-Hg(17) 117,27 Hg(17)-O(18) 2,03

O(18)-Hg(17)-O(19) 168,65 Hg(17)-O(19) 2,62

S(1)-Hg(17)-O(19) 77,91

S(1)-Hg(17)-O(18) 112,97

iaeiicia/ii na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue a e?enoae?/ieo no?oeoo?ao «eeneeo»
iaoaeieiiieaen?a I-ca(yce?a, ye? iaoiiaeththoue aeeia-?ecaoe?th aai
iie?ia?ecaoe?th iieaeoe, aea niin?a i?aai?caoe?? e?en-oae?/ieo no?oeoo?,
iaaooue, a?ae??ciy?oueny i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae aeo?aeii? (-ai?iieeneioe aei
a?aeiia?aeiiai «eeneiai» eiiieaeno. Oae, ia-i?eeeaae, a iieaeoey?i?e
no?oeoo?? HgOH2LI(H2O (?en.4) a?aenoaiue i?ae aoiiaie I(19) ? I(21)
noaiiaeoue 2,43 A, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeeeao o/anoue I(19) (HgO) a
ooai?aii? aioo??iieaeoey?iiai I-ca(yceo c aoiiii I(21) NI-a?oie a
iieiaeaii? 5 aaoa?ioeeeeo (H2LI). O a?aeiia?aeiino? c oiiaaie neioaco
«eeneeo» iaoaei-eiiieaen?a (eenea na?aaeiaeua) ia aa?oi aeeeth/aoe c
?icaeyaeo oaeiae ? iiaeeea?noue ooai?aiiy a?iiey?ieo ?ii?a.

A oe?eiio aeniiaee i?i aoaeiao eiieaen?a CuH2LI-VSO4(4H2O,
CuH2QI-III(4H2O, HgOH2LI-V(H2O oa HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O a e?enoa-e?/iiio
noai? noi?ioeueiaai? ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a c?noaaeaiiy ?*- ?
II?-niaeo??a eiiieaenieo niieoe ? i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a (e?aaiae?a).

Aeine?aeaeaii ?iciiae?e ca?yae?a a iieaeoeao oeenoa?io (H2ZI) ?
N-aaici?eoeenoa?io (H2ZII)- (-ai?iieeneio, o neeaae? yeeo on? aeiii?i?
aoiie (N, O, S) ae?oaoe/ii? i?e?iaee. A oeeo (-ai?iieeneioao (ye ? aeey
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo (-ai?iieeneio IAI,II, H2LI-V ? H2QI-III) iaea?eueo
aeaeo?iiiaeao?oeeoiee oa?aeoa? niinoa??aa?oueny aeey aoi-ia S.

?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a eiiieaenii? niieoee
[Zn(HZI)2] (a) i?eaaaeaia ia ?en.5, a aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a Zn-I ? Zn-S a
eiiieaenieo niieoeao [Zn(HZI,II)2]- a oaae. 4.

a a

?en.5. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia (a) ? iieaeoey?ia no?oeoo?a eiiieaenii?
niieoee [Zn(HZI)2] c iioei?ciaaieie aaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie.

Oaaeeoey 4. Aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a Zn-I ? Zn-S a oaeaoao neeaaeo
[Zn(HZI,II)2], (

Ca(ycie Aeiaaeeia ca(yceo, (

[Zn(HZI)2] [Zn(HZII)2]

Zn-I 2,11 1.96

Zn-I 2,11 1,98

Zn-S 2,36 2.43

Zn-S 2,33 2,41

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo eaaioiai-o?i?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a anoaiia-eaii, ui
oaeaoe [Zn(HZI,II)2] iathoue oao?aaae?e/io aoaeiao. A?aecia-/aii, ui i?e
ia?aoiae? a?ae [Zn(HZI)2] aei [Zn(HZII)2] a ?o iieaeoey?-i?e no?oeoo??
aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a Zn-I ciaioothoueny, a aeiaaeeie ca(yce?a Zn-S,
iaaiaee, ca?eueoothoueny (oaae.4). Oea iia(ycaii c ?iaeoeoe?eiei aieeaii
?aaeeeaeo N6I5NI.

Oaeei /eiii, iaeiica?yaei? ai?iie HZI,II- ooieoe?iiothoue ii
a?aeiioaiith aei Zn2+ (a oaeiae ? Cd2+ oa Hg2+) ye a?aeaioaoi? e?aaiaee
(I, S-aeiii?e) c ooai?aiiai a?eueo no?eeeo oanoe/eaiieo oeeee?a, a ia
i(yoe/eaiieo: S-I- N aai I-I-N ((-aeai?iiaee).

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a iaeo?aeueieo ? neaaeieoaeieo aiaeieo na?a-aeiaeuao i?e
ia?aoiae? a?ae (-ai?iieeneio oeio IAI,II, H2LI-V ? H2QI-III aei
aeeai?ae?a , iai?eeeaae, DAI i DAII oaiaeaioe?y o/ano? aoii?a I ? N
ae?oaoe/iiai o?aaiaioo o eiieo?aioi?e eii?aeeiaoe?? aei eao?ii?a
d-aeaiaio?a caa??aa?oueny.

Ca?aeii c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeiae eiiieaeno Cu(II) c iaeiei
c iaei?ino?oeo aeeai?ae?a- ienaeai?aeii -H2NC(O)-C(O)NH2 (AI), a
eii?aeeiaoe?? aa?ooue o/anoue iaeaeaa aoiie-aeiii?e (O ? N) O=C-NH2
-a?oi c ooai?aiiyi /ioe?ueio/eaiiiai oaeaoo oeio I- Cu- N
iie?ia?ii? aoaeiae.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c i?aeieiueii? a?aenoai? dhkl a?aeiia?aeieo
a?aeaeoe?a IA oa CuAI(I2I aeia?a, ui aaee/eia ( dhkl aeey an?o
a?aeaeoe?a noaiiaeoue -0,01 ( (aeeo?aeoia?aie IA ? CuAI(I2I iaie aoee
io?eiai? ca aeiiiiiaith aeeo?aeoiiao?a Ae?II-3). Oea aeaco? ia oa, ui a
oeueiio eiiieaen? caeeoa?oueny oa ae naia o?eeeeiia neiaii?y, yea
oa?aeoa?ia aeey ienaeai?aeo (ia?aiao?e aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee IA :
a=4,909, b=5,144, c=3,625 (, (=100o45(, (=106o52(, (=92o11().

Aacoiiaii, ?aaaaioe DAI i DAII iaaaaaoi neeaaei?o? ca iena-eai?ae, aea,
ye na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe ?*-niaeo??a ??ciie?aaiaeieo eiiieaen?a
ZnDAISO4, ZnDAIISO4(7I2I, CdDAICl2(I2I, CdDAIICl2(I2I, HgDAI(NO3)2,
HgDAII(NO3)2(I2I, a ieo oe? e?aaiaee eii?aeeiothoueny ia?aaaaeii ca
aeiiiiiaith aoii?a O ? N ae?oa-oe/ieo o?aaiaio?a.

Oaeei /eiii, ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a nenoaiaoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
caeiiii??iinoae eiieo?aioii? aca?iiae?? I?o?iaai-, Ieneaai-,
Noeueoo?iai?nieo iio?aeieo i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe ((- ? (-ai?iieeneio) c
d-aeaiaioaie (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) ? Hg(II)) iiaeia
a?aecia/eoe ianooiia:

-(- ? (-ai?iieeneioe oa ?o iio?aei? a eeneiio na?aaeiaeu? iiiiaeaioaoii
aca?iiae?thoue o?eueee c eao?iiaie Cu2+ ? Hg2+ ii oeio i(yea iniiaa (S)-
i(yea eeneioa (Cu2+ aai Hg2+) ii I??niio (a iiae?ai?e neooaoe??, ii?yae
c (-ca(ycoaaiiyi iiaea ?aae?ciaoaaoeny ? iaoai?ci (-ca(ycoaaiiy ca
?aooiie ia?aoiaeo aeaeo?ii?a c d-i?ae??aiy oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia (Cu2+
aai Hg2+) ia a?eueiee d-i?ae??aaiue aoiio S). Aeii?ioth/a ?ieue a o/ano?
aeaio ?ioeo oei?a aoii?a I ? N -aei?noeeo iniia o eiieo?aioiiio
?aaaoaaii? c aeaeo?io?eueieie aaaioaie (H+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+,
Cd2+, Hg2+) iaeaaeeoue ia?oiio /eaio o iaaaaeaiiio ?yaeeo (H+),
aeaea?aeii yeiai ? ea?aieneeuei? a?oie: NIII+ N((NII-+IN+;

-iaeiica?yaei? (AI,II-) ? aeaica?yaei? (LI-V2- i QI-III2-) ai?iie
aaoa?i-oeeee?/ieo (-ai?iieeneio aenooiathoue ii a?aeiioaiith aei
eao?ii?a Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ ye a?- oa o?eaeaioaoi? e?aaiaee
a?aeiia?aeii, c ooai?aiiyi oaeao?a c (-aeai?iiaeie oeeeeaie, ye? iathoue
oao?a-aae?e/io aoaeiao;

-iaeiica?yaei? ai?iie (-ai?iieeneio (IZI,II-), ye? i?noyoue o?eueee
ae?oaoe/i? aoiie N, O, S, aeeiiothoue ?ieue a?aeaioaoieo e?aaiae?a ii
a?aeiioaiith aei anueiai ?yaeo aeua caaaeaieo d-aeaiaio?a c ooai-?aiiyi
oanoe/eaiieo oaeao?a oeio S-I-I. A eiiieaenieo niieoeao [Zn(HZI,II)2]
ca(ycie I-S (ae?oaoe/iee aoii) i?eaeecii oaei? aeiaaeeie, ui ? ca(ycie
I-S (aaoa?ioeeee?/iee aoii) o aeiaaeeo CuH2LI-VSO4(4H2O,
CuH2QI-III(4H2O, HgOH2LI-V(H2O oa

HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O;

-aeeai?aee aeaiiniiaieo (-ai?iieeneio (DAI i DAII), ye ? ai?iie LI-V2- i
QI-III2-, ia?aaaaeii eii?aeeiothoueny aei eao?ii?a aeaiaio?a i?aea?oie
Oeeieo ca aeiiiiiaith aoii?a N ? I ae?oaoe/iiai o?aaiaioo ii-eaeoee
e?aaiaea;

-i?e?iaea oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia ? iie?aeaioaoiiai e?aaiaea a ii?ae-iaii?
c oiiaaie eiiieaeniooai?aiiy, ye? iineeththoue (eenea na?a-aeiaeua) aai
ciaioothoue (iaeo?aeueia aai neaaeieoaeia na?a-aeiaeua)
eiieo?aioiicaeaoi?noue i?ioiia ? eao?ii?a d-aeaiaio?a c aeaeo?iiiith
eiio?ao?aoe??th ciai?oiueiai aia?aaoe/iiai i?ae??aiy (3d7(n d10, aea
n=3, 4, 5), aecia/athoue aoaeiao ? aeanoeaino? eiiieaenieo niieoe;

-i?aenoiee ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? iaaaaeai? a
aeaiiio ?icae?e?, iieacaee, ui (- ? (-ai?iieeneioe i?ii?iiiaiai ?yaeo oa
?o iio?aei? ae?enii ? c?o/ieie iiaeaeyie aeey anoaiiaeaiiy
caeiiii??iinoae i?ioean?a eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe?? aei d-aea-iaio?a
(Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) ? Hg(II)), a oaeiae aea/aiiy
aoaeiae eiiieaenieo niieoe oa aca?iica(yceo aoaeiae niieoe c ?o
aeanoeainoyie (oai?aoe/ia iaoa). Ioaea, aiie iiaeooue aooe oni?oii
aeei?enoai? ? a ?ioeo iaeanoyo iaoee oa oaoi?ee (iai?eeeaae, a
oaieiaia?aaoeoe? ye ?ia?a?oi?e ei?ic?? iaoae?a ? i?ioeiaeeiieo
aeiaeaoe?a oa a aa?io?i?? ye ?inoi?aaoethth/? i?aia?aoe ? i?e?iaeia?eaa)
(i?aeoe/ia iaoa). Oai?aoe/iith ia?a-aeoiiaith aeey iiae?aieo aeniiae?a
?: iayai?noue a neeaae? eiiieaen?a Zn(II) c e?aaiaeaie H2LI-V oa
H2QI-III aaeeei? e?eueeino? ??cieo ca aeiii?iith aeoeai?noth aoii?a, ui
caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue ?o cae??ieaiiy (aaeni?aoe??) ia iiaa?oi? iaoaeo;
eiiieaeni? niieoee Co(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) c e?aaiaeaie oeueiai eeano
iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe aaaeeeao ?ieue a i?ioeanao o?ainii?oo a?iiaoae?a a
aeeaeo i?aai?ciao ? ?ineeiao, caaaeyee a?aeiinii iacia/i?e no?eeino?
aeua caaaeaieo eiiieaen?a, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o ye
i?e?i-aeia?eaa.

I(yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ?ia?aoth/i?, i?ioe-iaeeiii?,
?inoi?aaoethth/i? ae?? ie?aieo i?aaenoaaiee?a i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ?
eiiieaen?a ZnLI-III(I2I, a oaeiae iiaeeeaino? aeei-?enoaiiy
ZnQI-III(nI2I ye i?e?iaeia?ea.

Oae, i?aai?/ia niieoea H2LV i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,4 a/e aeia?a caoeua?
a?ae ei?ic?? iaoae (No.3), yeee ciaoiaeeoueny o aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? nieae
(25 ia/e NaCl + 75 ia/e Na2SO4). Aaee/eia caoenoo iaoaeo (Z, %)
noaiiaeoue 92,3 %.

Aenie? iieacieee i?ioeiaeeiii? ae?? (A, %) i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,4 a/e
iathoue H2LI, H2LV oa ZnLI-III(I2I (94,3, 94,7 ? 94,5 % a?aeii-a?aeii).

I?aai?/i? niieoee H2QII, H2QIII, DNI, DAI i DAII i?e eiioeaio?aoe??
0,001% ni?eythoue cia/iiio i?aeaeuaiith ne?i? iane ei??iiy i?i?inoe?a
ioaieoe? (127, 134, 129, 127 ? 134 % a?aeiia?aeii).

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue iieaco?, ui i?e-nooi?noue
eiiieaen?a ZnQI(2I2I ? ZnQII,III(I2I o neeaae? eiiiiceoe?e aeey
?ie?onoaoe?? ian?iiy a?a?eae?a eoeo?oaece i?iyaey? cia/iee aieea ia
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ?ineei. Oae, aeei?enoaiiy oeeo niieoe ye i?e?iaeia?ea
caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeath eoeo?oaece a?ae 1,7 aei 2,0 oe/aa, a oie
/an ye aiaeia?/iee iieaciee i?e aeei?enoaii? i?e?iaeia?eaa- ZnSO4
noaiiaeoue anueiai 0,4 oe/aa. Aeineoue aaaeeeaei ? ? oa, ui oe?
eiiieaeni? niieoee ia aeeeeeathoue iaaaoeaieo ci?i o a?io?i?/ieo
iieacieeao yeino? ca?ia, a ?iiae? iaa?oue niinoa??-aa?oueny ?o
i?aeaeuaiiy, iniaeeai o a?aeiioaii? c?inoaiiy ai?noo a?eea (a %) a ca?i?
eoeo?oaece.

Oaeei /eiii, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
i?iaeiaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiue ii aea/aiith iiaeeeainoae i?aeoe/ii-ai
canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo niieoe a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c aeaieo, ye? iaaaaeai? a oeueiio ?icae?e?, aeathoue
iiaeeea?noue c iiceoe?? eii?aeeiaoe?eii? o?i?? c?iaeoe ianooiiee
aen-iiaie:

-a eeneiio na?aaeiaeu? eiiieaeni? niieoee ZnLI-III(I2I ? (-ai?iieeneioe
I2LI-III iathoue i?eaeecii iaeeiaeiao ?ia?aoth/o aeoeai?noue, ui
ca(ycaii c aeii?ioth/ith ?ieeth i?ioiia- aei?noeiai aeoeaioi?a, yeee
aa?a o/anoue a i?ioii?caoe?? ea?aieneeueieo a?oi ? aoii?a N, aiane?aeie
/iai iiaea ci?ithaaoeny niin?a eii?aeeiaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo aoii?a a oeeo
niieoeao;

-o aiaeieo ?ic/eiao neeueieo aeaeo?ie?o?a aeineoue aenie? iieacieee
?ia?aoth/i? aeoeaiino? niinoa??aathoueny aeey niieoee H2LV, caaaeyee
i?enooiino? a ?? neeaae? ooieoe?eiiai cai?nieea (NI2) a iieiaeaii? 6
aaico?acieiaiai o?aaiaioo. Aeecuee?noue a?oie NI2 ? aoiia S iie?ioothoue
aaeni?aoe?th oeueiai ?ia?a?oi?a ia iiaa?oi? iaoaeo;

-eiiieaeni? niieoee ZnQI-III(nI2I, caaaeyee a?eueo iecuee?e no?e-eino?,
i?ae no?ee?noue oeueiai i?e?iaeaiaioo c i?e?iaeieie e?aaiae-ieie
nenoaiaie (iai?eeeaae, c oeenoa?iii, (-aeai?iii ? o.?i.), ? c?o/iith
oi?iith aeey o?ainii?oo Zn(II) ii ?ineeiai oa caeo-/aiiy eiai o
a?aeiia?aeieo a?io?i?/ieo i?ioeanao.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE OA AENIIAEE

1. ?acoeueoaoe oi?iothoue iaoeiaee iai?yiie- o?i?y eiiieaenieo niieoe
d-aeaiaio?a c iiaei eeanii aia?aeaioaoieo e?aaiae?a ia iniia? I?o?iaai-,
Ieneaai- oa Noeueoo?iai?nieo iio?aeieo i?ii?i-iiai? eeneioe.

Anoaiiaeaii caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? i?ioean?a eiieo?aioii?
eii?aeeiaoe?? e?aaiae?a oeueiai eeano aei ?ii?a-eiiieaeniooai?thaa/?a
(Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+).

2. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee neioaco i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a ? eiiieaenieo
niieoe d-aeaiaio?a. Anueiai neioaciaaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iiiaae 100
niieoe, na?aae yeeo 72 eiiieaeni? niieoee ? 19 i?aa-i?/ieo ?aaaaio?a
io?eiai? aia?oa. O?i?/iee neeaae oeeo niieoe i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeaieie
aeaiaioiiai aiae?co. Iia? a?aeiiino? i?i aoaeiao oa aeanoeaino?
neioaciaaieo niieoe iaea?aeai? ca aeiiiii-aith aeei?enoaiiy oe?ieiai
eiea no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai ?
?aioaaiioaciaiai aiae?c?a, ?I-iao???, ?*- ? II?-niaeo?ineii??,
oa?iia?aa?iao???, iai?aaii??e/iiai eaaioi-ai-o?i?/iiai iaoiaeo c
iiaeaeueoith noaoenoe/iith ia?iaeith io?e-iaieo yenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo.

3. Iieacaii, ui oeyoii aa??thaaiiy aaee/eie ?I ?aaeoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua
? ci?ie ?iio-eiiieaeniooai?thaa/a aeinyaa?oueny naeae-oeaia
eii?aeeiaoe?y (- ? (-o?iai?iieeneio oa ?o iio?aeieo aei eao?i-i?a
d-aeaiaio?a, ui aeicaieeei iaea?aeaoe oaeaoe Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),
Zn(II), Cd(II) ? Hg(II) c a?- aai o?eaeaioaoiith eii?aeeiaoe??th
e?aaiaeo oa ??ciie?aaiaeieo eiiieaenieo niieoe Cu(II) ? Hg(II) c
iiiiaeaioaoiei ca(ycoaaiiyi oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia i?aai?/iei e?-aaiaeii.
E??i oeueiai, neioaciaai? oaeiae «eene?» eiiieaeni? nii-eoee Zn(II),
Cd(II) ? Hg(II) c oeenoa?iii ? N-aaici?eoeenoa?iii (ia-oae:e?aaiae=1:2)
? ??ciie?aaiaei? eiiieaene oeeo iaoae?a c aeeai?-aeaie (-o?iai?iieeneio
(DAI,II).

4. Aea/aia oa?i?/ia no?ee?noue aioo??oiueieiiieaenieo niieoe Zn(II),
Cd(II) ? Hg(II) c Noeueoo?iai?nieie (- ? (-ai?iieeneioaie, a oaeiae
aeo?aeieo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeci-oa?i?/i? aoaeoe, ui
niinoa??aathoueny i?e oa?iie?c? eiiieaen?a Zn(II) ? Cd(II) c e?aaiaeaie
iia(ycai? c ieeniaiiyi noeueo?ae?a aei ieneae?a. O aeiaaeeo eiiieaenieo
niieoe Hg(II) c (- ? (-ai?iieenei-oaie e?ioeaaei i?iaeoeoii oa?iie?co ?
iaoae?/ia ?oooue.

Aecia/ai? e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e oa?iie?co niieoe: ii?yaeie oa?iie?oe/ii?
?aaeoe?? (n), oyaia aia?a?y aeoeaaoe?? (E) ? eiaa?eoi
ia?aae(aeniiiaioe?eiiai iiiaeieea (logA). A?aecia/aii, ui eiaeia
?iaeea?aeoaeueia niieoea (eiiieaen aai aeo?aeia ai?iieeneioa)
oa-?aeoa?eco?oueny iaaieie cia/aiiyie n, E ? logA.

5. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ?*- ? II?-niaeo?ineii?? i?iaaaeaia
?aeai-oeo?eaoe?y io?eiaieo niieoe. A?aecia/aii, ui a ?*-niaeo?ao HAI,II,
H2ZI,II, H2LI-V ? H2QI-III /anoioe ((C=O) COOH-a?oi ciaoiaeyoueny a
iaaeao 1730-1700 ni-1, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey e?enoae?/ieo (- ?
(-ai?-iieeneio, ye? iathoue iie?ia?io aoaeiao. Iie?ia?ia no?oeoo?a H2QI
? H2QII i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoiaeii ?NA. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a eiii-eaenieo
niieoeao iaeii- ? aeaica?yaei? ai?iie (-ai?iieeneio eii?-aeeiothoueny
aei oeaio?aeueieo aoii?a Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ ca aei-iiiiaith
aoii?a O aeai?ioiiiaaieo ea?aieneeueieo a?oi ? aoii?a N iicae?eueoeaaiai
I?o?iaaio.

Iai?aaii??e/iei eaaioiai-o?i?/iei iaoiaeii PM3 iieacaii, ui [M(ZI,II)2],
MLI-V(nH2O, MQI-III(nH2O ? HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O iathoue

oao?aaae?e/io aoaeiao, a eiiieaeni? niieoee oeio HgOH2LI-V(H2O-
ieiueiio.

Aeine?aeaeaia aoaeiaa ??ciie?aaiaeieo eiiieaen?a: ZnDAISO4,
ZnDAIISO4(7H2O, CdDAI,IICl2(H2O, HgDAI(NO3)2, HgDAII(NO3)2(H2O ?
CuIA(H2O. A?aecia/aii, ui aeeai?aee DAI,II eii?aeeiothoueny aei
?ii?a-eiiieaeniooai?thaa/?a ca aeiiiiiaith aoii?a N i O ae?oaoe/iiai
o?aaiaioo iieaeoee e?aaiaea. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ?NA oa
?aioaaii-oaciaiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui IA ? CuIA(H2O ooai?ththoue
e?enoaee o?eeeeiii? neiaii??. I?e oeueiio oeaio?aeueiee aoii a CuIA(H2O,
yeee ca(ycaiee c e?aaiaeii aoiiaie O ? N CONH2-a?oie, eeoa aeaoi?io?
e?enoae?/io no?oeoo?o ienaeai?aeo, ooai?thth/e ?ic/ei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

6. Aea/aii i?ioeane eeneioii-iniiaii? ??aiiaaae (-ai?-iieeneio
(H2LI,II,IV ? H2QI-III) oa «eenei?» eiiieaenii? niieoee CuH2LIISO4(4H2O
i?e t=25(0,1oC, (=0,15 M NaNO3 (aai KNO3). Aecia/aii eiinoaioe eeneioii?
aeenioe?aoe?? K1 ? K2 oeeo niieoe, a oaeiae eiinoaioe no?eeino? ((1)
eiiieaen?a MLI,II ? MQI-III (aea M=Zn2+, Cd2+). Iieacaii, ui aaee/eie K1
? K2 H2L I,II,IV ? H2QI-III iathoue a?eueo aenie? cia/aiiy, i?ae
aiaeia?/i? aaee/eie aeey 3-[(2-ea?aieneaoee)ai?ii]i?iiaiiai? eeneioe
(?AeI). A?aecia/aii, ui c iiieaeaiiyi iniiaiino? N i?iii?oe?eii
iiieaeo?oueny no?ee?noue oaeao?a Oeeieo ? Eaaei?th a ?yaeo e?aaiae?a:
?AeI( I2LI,II ( I2QI-III, ui ca(ycaii c aeanoaa?e?coth/ith ae??th
aaoa?ioeeee?/ieo ?aaeeeae?a.

7. Aea/aii ?ia?aoth/o ? i?ioeiaeeiio aeoeai?noue ZnLI-III(H2O,
H2LI-III,V, H2QII,III ? DAI,II. Iieacaii, ui o aiaeiiio 10%-iiio ?ic/ei?
HCl iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee ?ia?aoth/iai caoenoo iaoae?/iiai c?aceo
No.3 (Z,%) niinoa??aathoueny o aeiaaeeo aeeai?ae?a DAI,II (Z=68,5 ?
69,3% i?e N=0,4 a/e). O aiaeieo ?ic/eiao nieae (25 ia/e NaCl+75 ia/e
Na2SO4) iaea?eueo aenieith ?ia?aoth/ith ae??th oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
niieoee H2LV ? DAI (Z=92,3 (N=0,4 a/e ) ? 84,6 % (N=0,3 a/e)
a?aeiia?aeii).

Aeyaeaia aeniea i?ioeiaeeiia aeoeai?noue aeey H2LV, H2LI, ZnLI(H2O
(Ai?io=94,3-94,5 % (N=0,4 a/e)).

8. Aea/aia ?inoi?aaoethth/a aeoeai?noue HAI, H2LII,IV, H2QII,III,
MNI,II, DNI, DAI,II. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aia?ao HAI i?e eiioeaio?aoe??
0,01% ?ia?ao? ??no i?i?inoe?a ioaieoe?, a an? ?io? niieoee i?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? 0,001% noeioeththoue ??no ei??iiy oe???
n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueei? eoeueoo?e.

9. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenieo niieoe
ZnQI-III(nH2O ye Oeeieiai?nieo i?e?iaeia?ea i?e ?ie?onoaoe?? ia-n?iiy
a?a?eae?a eoeo?oaece. A?aecia/aii, ui aeei?enoaiiy ZnQI(2H2O ?
ZnQIII(H2O caaacia/o? i?e??no a?iaeath ca?ia eoeo?oaece a?ae 1,7 aei 2,0
oe/aa, a oie /an ye aiaeia?/iee iieaciee aeey o?aaeeoe?eiiai
i?e?iaeia?eaa- ZnSO4 noaiiaea anueiai 0,4 oe/aa.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey ?oooe(II) n ia-eioi?uie
aeeaieaeaie i?iieiiiaie eeneiou // AEo?i. iai?aai.
oeiee.-1993.-O.-38.-?9.- N.1528-1529.

2. Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniia?acothuea naienoaa iaeioi-?uo i?iecaiaeiuo
i?iieiiiaie eeneiou // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e oei.
oaoiieiaey».-1994.-O.37.-? 1.-N.6-11.

3. Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey eaaeiey n
aee-aieae-4-aieii-1,2,4-o?eacieaeei?iieiiiaie e
aeeaieae-2-aieii-1,3,4-oeaaeeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneioaie // AEo?i.
iai?aai. oe-iee.-1996.-O.-41.-?9.- N.1508-1510.

4. Iaeeianeee N.E Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey ?oooe(II) n
aaoa-?ioeeeee/aneeie i?iecaiaeiuie i?iieiiiaie eeneiou // Eca. ao-cia «
Oeiey e oei. oaoiieiaey».-1997.-O.40.-?4.-N.12-14.

5. Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey iaaee(II)
2-aie-ii-4-iaoeeoeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneioie // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e
oei. oaoiieiaey».-1997.-O.40.-?4.-N.15-18.

6. Iaeeianeee N.E. Enneaaeiaaiea ninoaaa, no?iaiey e naienoa iiauo
acio-, eenei?iae- e na?iniaea?aeaueo eeaaiaeia e eo eiiieaeniuo
niaaeeiaiee oeeiea e eaaeiey iiiaioeaeaaiai iac-ia/aiey: Na. iao/.
o?oaeia I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iia?oiane,
1997.-N.35-36.

7. Iaeeianeee N.E. Iaei?iaaay iiaeei?iea eoeo?ocu aeeae-eeie acioiuie
oaeia?aieyie EAN a niane n eiiieaeniiaoii oeei-ea // Eoeo?oca e
ni?ai.-1998.-?2.-N.9-11.

8. Caaaeaea A.Ae., Iaeeianeee N.E., Ooethia O.I. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey
eaaeiey n N-aaicieeoeenoaeiii // Na. «Aii?inu oeiee e oei.
oaoiieiaee».-Oa?ueeia,1976.-Aui.44.-N.28-32.

9. pH-iao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea eiiieaeniia?aciaaiey ?oo-oe(II) n
oeiaieiieeneioaie / Caaaeaea A.Ae., Iaeeianeee N.E., Aaa?oeia
I.E.,Ooethia O.I // AEo?i. iai?aai. oeiee.-1977.-O.XXII.-?
9.-N.2413-2419.

10. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey oeeiea, eaaeiey e ?oooe n
N-aai-cieeoeenoaeiii / A.Ae,Caaaeaea, N.E Iaeeianeee, O.I. Ooethia,
A.I.Aoey // Eii?aeeiaoe. oeiey.-1979.-O.5.-? 5.-N.632-636.

11. Eeiaoeea oa?iieeca ienaieaea e aai eiiieaena n iaaeueth(II) /
Iaeeianeee N.E., Ia?oiiaiei A.Ae., Noaaa A.E. e ae?. // Eca. aocia
«Oeiey e oei. oaoiieiaey»».-1990.-O.33.-? 10.-N.37-39.

12. Iaeeianeee N.E., E?anianeee A.A., Ooethia O.I. Eiii-eaeniua
niaaeeiaiey oeeiea(II) n iaeioi?uie aeeaieaeaie i?iiei-iiaie eeneiou //
AEo?i. iai?aai. oeiee.-1990.-O.35.-?9.-N.2275-2278.

13. Eiiieaeniia?aciaaiea iaaee(II) n ienaieaeii / Iaeeia-neee N.E.,
Noaaa A.E., Nie?iiaa A.N. e ae?. // Eii?aeei.
oeiey.-1991.-O.17.-?6.-N.833-835.

14. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ooethia O.I., E?anianeee A.A. Acaeii-aeaenoaea
2-aieiiaaicoeaciei?iieiiiaie eeneiou n oeeieii // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e
oei. oaoiieiaey».-1991.-O.34.-? 10.-N.30-32.

15. Iaeeianeee N.E., E?anianeee A.A., Ooethia O.I. Acaeii-aeaenoaea
oeeiea(II) e ieeaey(II) n 2-aieii-4-oaieeoeacie-aeei?i-ieiiiaie eeneioie
// Eii?ae. oeiee.-1991.-O.17.-?11.-N.1538-1540.

16. Acaeiiaeaenoaea na?aa?a(I) n
2-oaiee-4-n-oieeenoeueoiiee-5-ia?eaioioeacieii e
2-oaiee-4-n-oieeenoeueoiiee 5-ia?eaioi-ienacieii / N.E.Iaeeianeee,
O.I.Ooethia, A.A.Oa?/aiei, A.A.*a?aiiue // Eii?aeeiaoe.
oeiey.-1991.-O.17.-?11.-N.1529-1532.

17. Iaeeianeee N.E., E?anianeee A.A., Ooethia O.I. Eiii-eaeniua
niaaeeiaiey oeeiea(II) e ieeaey(II) n
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oe-iee.-1992.-O.37.-?4.-N.829-832.

18. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ooethia O.I., E?anianeee A.A. Eiiieaeniia
niaaeeiaiea oeeiea(II) n 2-aieii-1,3,4-oeaaeeacie-aeei?iieiiiaie
eeneioie // AEo?i. iai?aai. oeiee.-1992.-O.37.-?12.-N.2727-2730.

19. Niaaeeiaiea iaaee(II) n
2-oaiee-4-ia?a-oieeenoeueoiiee-5-ia?eaioioeacieii / N.E.Iaeeianeee,
O.I.Ooethia, A.A.Oa?/ai-ei, A.A.*a?aiiue // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e oei.
oaoiieiaey».-1992.-O.35.-?7.-N.23-25.

20. Eeiaoeea oa?ie/aneiai ?aceiaeaiey eiaeaeoi?ia ieo?e-oeeaoeee ia
iniiaa i?iecaiaeiuo 3(5)-iaoaeie?aciea / A.Ae. Ia?-oiiaiei A.Ae., A.E.
Noaaa, N.E. Iaeeianeee, A.A. Aiaeiiueyiia // AEo?i. i?eeeaaeiie
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21. Acaeiiaeaenoaea 3(5)-iaoeeie?aciea n aoeaoaoii iaaee(II) /
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oeiee.-1994.-O.39.-? 2.-N.259-261.

22. Eeneioii-iniiaiua naienoaa 2-aieii-6-iaoeeaaicoeacie-aeei?iieiiiaie
eeneiou / N.E. Iaeeianeee, E.E. Einaiei, A.A. Ai?aie/, I.A.
Ae?uoethe.-E.: Iei. ia?ac. Oe?aeiu, 1994.-N.173-177.

23. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A., E?anianeee A.A. Neioac, naienoaa e
no?iaiea 2-aieii-4-iaoeeoeacieaeei?iieiiiaie ee-neiou e onoie/eainoue a?
eiiieaena n oeeieii // AEo?i. iai?aai.
oeiee.-1995.-O.-40.-?3.-N.459-461.

24. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A. I?ioiie?iaaiiua eiii-eaenu ?oooe(II)
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25. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A. No?iaiea e naienoaa iiauo eeaaiaeia
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oaoiieiaey».-1997.-O.40.-?1.-N.93-96.

26. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A. ?I-iao?e/aneia enneaaei-aaiea
eiiieaeniia?aciaaiey 2-aieii-, 2-aieii-5-iaoee- e
2-aie-ii-5-ecii?iiee-1,3,4-oeaaeeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneio n oeeieii e
eaaeieai // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e oei.
oaoiieiaey».-1997.-O.40.-?2.-N.55-57.

27. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A. Neioac, naienoaa e no?iaiea
eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee oeeiea e eaaeiey n aaoa?i-oeeeee/aneeie
i?iecaiaeiuie i?iieiiiaie eeneiou // Eca. aocia «Oeiey e oei.
oaoiieiaey».-1997.-O.40.-?6.-N.86-89.

28. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A. Eco/aiea acaeiiaeaenoaey acio-,
eenei?iae- e na?iniaea?aeaueo i?iecaiaeiuo i?iieiiiaie eeneiou n
iaeioi?uie ia?aoiaeiuie iaoaeeaie // AEo?i. iai?aai.
oeiee.-1997.-O.-42.-?7.-N.1214-1216.

29. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ae?uoethe I.A., Ai?aie/ A.A. Neioac e enneaaeiaaiea
2-aieii-4-iaoeeoeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneiou e a? eiiieaenia n eaoeiiaie
iaaee e oeeiea / Na. aiiioaoeee IE? I?e-aeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u ca 1994 a.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1995.-N.16-17.

30. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A. Ae?uoethe Neioac e ennea-aeiaaiea
eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee eiaaeueoa(II), ieeaey(II), eaae-iey(II), e
?oooe(II) n 2-aieii-4-iaoeeoeacieaeei?iieiiiaie een-eioie: Na.
aiiioaoeee IE? I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u ca 1995
a.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-N.30.

30. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ae?uoethe I.A., Ai?aie/ A.A. Neioac e enneaaeiaaiea
2-aieii-4-iaoeeoeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneiou e a? eiiieaenia n eaoeiiaie
iaaee e oeeiea / Na. aiiioaoeee IE? I?e-aeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u ca 1994 a.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1995.-N.16-17.

31. Eii?aeeiaoeeiiiua niaaeeiaiey ?oooe(II) n aaoa?ioeeeee/a-neeie
i?iecaiaeiuie i?iieiiiaie eeneiou / Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A.;
I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao-?iane, 1996.-4 n.-
?on.- Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 12.06.96, ?1414-Oe 96.

32. Eeneioii-iniiaiua naienoaa aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo i?iec-aiaeiuo
i?iieiiiaie eeneiou e onoie/eainoue eo eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee n oeeieii
e eaaeieai / Iaeeianeee N.E. Aeyaueaaa A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae.
no?-aa e a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-7n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu
05.09.96, ?1749-Oe 96.

33. Eiaeae?othuea e i?ioeaiiaeeiiua naienoaa 2-aieii-5-iaoee- e
2-aieii-5-ecii?iiee-1,3,4-oeaaeeacieaeei?iieiiiaie eeneio / Iaeeianeee
N.E. Aeyaueaaa A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-7n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 05.09.96,
?1750-Oe 96.

34. Oa?iieec eiiieaeniiia e eiiieaeniiaoia / Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa
A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u.-Aeia-i?iiao?iane,1996.-7n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 05.09.96,
?1751-Oe 96.

35. Neioac, ninoaa e no?iaiea eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee oeeiea, eaaeiey e
?oooe(II) n eiiieaeniiaie i?iieiiaoiiai ?yaea / Iae-eianeee N.E.,
Aeyaueaaa A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-6 n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 05.09.96,
?1752-Oe 96.

36. Enneaaeiaaiea oa?ie/aneie onoie/eainoe eiiieaeniiia e eo
iaoaeeieiiieaenia / Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A.; I?e-aeiai?. ain.
aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-6 n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA
Oe-?aeiu 05.09.96, ?1743-Oe 96.

37. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey eaaeiey n iaeioi?uie i?iecaiae-iuie
i?iieiiiaie eeneiou / Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain.
aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-6 n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA
Oe?aeiu 06.05.96, ?1131-Oe 96.

38. Eiiieaeniiu e eiiieaeniiaou oeeiea iiiaioeaeaaiai iacia/aiey /
Iaeeianeee N.E., Ai?aie/ A.A.; I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e
a?o-?u.-Aeiai?iiao?iane,1996.-7 n.-?on.-Aeai. a AIOA Oe?aeiu 06.05.96,
?1132-Oe 96.

39. Eco/aiea no?iaiey acio-, eenei?iae- e na?iniaea?aeaueo ee-aaiaeia e
eo iaoaeeieiiieaenia eaaioiai-oeie/aneei iaoiaeii / Iaeeianeee N.E.,
Aeyaueaaa; A.A. I?eaeiai?. ain. aeaae. no?-aa e a?o-?u.-
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1996.-6 n.-Aeai. a IEE OYOEI a. *a?eannu 22.10.96,
?94-OI 96.

40. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A., E?aia?aa N.I. Iiaua eeaaiaeu e eo
iaoaeeieiiieaenu iieeooieoeeiiaeueiiai iacia/a-iey // Eioi?i.
eenoie.-?14-97.-Neioa?iiieue, E?OeIOeYE.-1997.

41. Caaaeaea A.Ae., Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey ?oooe(II) n
oeenoaeiii e N-aaicieeoeenoaeiii // IX Oe?. ?ani. iao/i. eiio. ii
iai?aai. oeiee: Oac. aeiee -Eueaia: AI ONN?.-1977.-N.14-15.

42. Iaeeianeee N.E., Caaaeaea A.Ae. Oa?iia?aaeiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea
i?ioeannia aeaaeae?aoaoeee e ?aceiaeaiey eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee oeeiea
e eaaeiey n oeiaieiieeneioaie // X Oe?. ?ani. eiio. ii iai?aai. oeiee:
Oac. aeiee.-Neioa?iiieue: AI ONN?.-1981.-N.206.

43. Iaeeianeee N.E., E?anianeee A.A., Ooethia O.I. Eiii-eaeniua
niaaeeiaiey oeeiea n iaeioi?uie aeeaieaeaie i?iieiii-aie eeneiou // XVII
Ananithci. *oaaaaneia nia. ii oeiee eiiie. niaaeeiaiee: Oac.
aeiee.-Ieine: AI ANN?.-1990.-N.575.

44. Iaeeianueeee N.I., E?anianueeee A.I., Iaeeianueea E.N. Neioac oa
aeineiaeaeaiiy ?inoi?aaoethth/eo aeanoeainoae aeayeeo ii-oiaeieo
i?iiiiiiaii eeneioe XVII Oe?. eiio. c i?aaii/ii? oiii?. *.2. Oace aeii.
-Oa?eia: OAeO — 1995.-N.536.

45. Neioac oa aeineiaeaeaiiy iiaiaoth/i? oa i?ioeiaeeiii? aeoea-iinoae
aeayeeo iioiaeieo i?iiiiiiai? eeneioe / N.I. Iaeeianueeee, A.O.Aieioei,
A.I E?anianueeee, Iaeeianueea E.N. // XVII Oe?. eiio. c i?aaii/ii?
oiii?. *.2. Oace aeii. -Oa?eia: OAeO.- 1995.-N.731.

46. Iaeeianeee N.E., Aeyaueaaa A.A. Neioac, naienoaa e no?iaiea acio-,
eenei?iae- e na?iniaea?aeaueo i?iecaiaeiuo i?i-ieiiiaie eeneiou e eo
eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee n oeeieii, eaaeieai e ?oooueth(II) // XIV Oe?
.eiioa?aioeey ii iai?aai. oeee. Oeiee: Oac. aeiee. -E.: IAI
Oe?aeiu.-10-12 naio. 1996.-N.99.

47. Iaeeianeee N.E., Ae?uoethe I.A., Eaoaoeineee A.N. Aaiiao?e/aneia e
yeaeo?iiiia no?iaiea eiiieaeniiia i?i-ieiiaoiiai ?yaea // XIV Oe?
.eiioa?aioeey ii iai?aai. oeiee: Oac. aeiee. -E.: IAI Oe?aeiu.-10-12
naio. 1996.-N.108.

48. Kramarev S.M., Cherenkov A.U., Neikovski S.I. Ecological moni-toring
of complexes usage of mineral fertilizer, herbicides and combination of
Zn whith N,O,S-derivatives of propionic acid in agrocenoses of maize,
sorgo and lucerne.- Kansas State University, Manhatten Kansas,
USA.-1996.-P.13-16. 42.

Iaeeianueeee N.?. Eiiieaeni? niieoee d-aeaiaio?a c I?o?i-aai-, Ieneaai-,
Noeueoi?iai?nieie iio?aeieie i?ii?iiiai? eenei-oe.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 02.00.01- iai?aai?/ia o?i?y.-Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee
o?i?ei-oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai?, yea iia(ycaia c anoa-iiaeaiiyi
caeiiii??iinoae eiieo?aioii? eii?aeeiaoe?? N-, O-, S-ai?nieo iio?aeieo
i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe aei eao?ii?a d-aeaiaio?a-Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),
Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II). A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaey-aeathoueny iaoiaee
io?eiaiiy eiiieaen?a oeeo iaoae?a c iiaeie e?aaiaeaie-N,O,S-aeiii?aie,
?o neeaae, aeanoeaino? (o?ceei-o?i?/i?, ?ia?aoth/?, i?ioeiaeeii?,
?inoi?aaoethth/?) oa aoaeiaa ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeaieo, io?eiaieo ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:
aeaiaioiiai ? oa?ii-a?aa?iao?e/iiai aiae?co, ?I-iao???, ?*- ?
II?-niaeo?ineii??, ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai ? ?aioaaiioaciaiai aiae?co,
eaaioiai-o?i?/iiai oa ?io?o iaoiae?a ?ic?aooie?a. Aiae?co?oueny
iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy aeayeeo i?aai?/ieo ?aaaaio?a oa eiiieaen?a
Zn(II) c e?aaiaeaie oeueiai eeano ye ?ia?aoth/?, i?ioeiaeeii?,
?inoi-?aaoethth/? i?aia?aoe, a oaeiae ye Oeeieiai?ni? i?e?iaeia?eaa o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: d-aeaiaioe, e?aaiaee, eiiieaene iaoae?a, oaeaoe,
eiiieaeniie, eiiieaeniiaoe, ?iie-eiiieaeniooai?thaa/?, eii?aeeiaoe?eia
/enei, aeaioaoi?noue.

Iaeeianeee N.E. Eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey d-yeaiaioia n acio-, eenei?iae-,
na?iniaea?aeaueie i?iecaiaeiuie i?iieiiiaie eeneiou.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie aeieoi?a oeie/a-neeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 02.00.01-iai?aaie/aneay oeiey.-Oe?aeineee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oeieei-oaoiieiae/aneee oieaa?-neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ecceaaeiaaieth caeiiiia?iinoae eiieo?aioiie
eii?aeeiaoeee iiauo acio-, eenei?iae- e na?ini-aea?aeaueo i?iecaiaeiuo
i?iieiiiaie eeneiou e eaoeiiai d-yea-iaioia (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),
Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II)). ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeeee iieo/aiey e inouanoae?i
oeaeaiai?aaeaiiue neioac aaoa?ioeeeee-/aneeo (-aieiieeneio e eiiieaeniuo
niaaeeiaiee. I?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eco/aiey oeie/aneiai ninoaaa,
no?iaiey e naienoa neioace?iaaiiuo niaaeeiaiee, iieo/aiiuo n iiiiuueth
nia?a-iaiiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey: yeaiaioiiai e
oa?iia?aae-iao?e/aneiai aiaeecia, ?I-iao?ee, EE- e II?-niaeo?ineiiee,
?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai (?NA) e ?aioaaiioaciaiai (?OA) aiaee-cia,
eaaioiai-oeie/aneiai e ae?oaeo eiiiuethoa?iuo iaoiaeia ?an-/?oa.

Iieacaii, /oi ioo?i aa?uee?iaaiey ?I ?aaeoeeiiiie n?aaeu e i?e?iaeu
eiia-eiiieaeniia?aciaaoaey aeinoeaaaony naeaeoeaiay eii?aeeiaoeey
eco/aaiuo eeaaiaeia e eaoeiiai d-yeaiaioia, /oi iicaieeei iieo/eoue aeaa
iniiaiuo oeia eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee: oaeaoia Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II),
Zn(II) e Cd(II) n ae- eee o?eaeaioaoiie eii?aeeiaoeeae eeaaiaea e
?aciieeaaiaeiuo eiiieaeniuo niaaee-iaiee Cu(II) e Hg(II) n
iiiiaeaioaoiui naycuaaieai oeaio?aeueiiai aoiia i?aaie/aneei eeaaiaeii.
E?iia oiai, neioace?iaaiu oaeaea «eeneua» eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey
Zn(II), Cd(II) e Hg(II) n oeenoaeiii e N-aaicieeoeenoaeeii
(iaoae:eeaaiae=1:2) e ?aciiee-aaiaeiua eiiieaenu yoeo iaoaeeia n
aeeaieaeaie (-oeiaieiieen-eio (DAI,II).

Eco/aia oa?ie/aneay onoie/eainoue eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee Zn(II), Cd(II)
e Hg(II) n na?iniaea?aeaueie (- e (-aieiieeneioaie. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
yecioa?ie/aneea yooaeou, iaaethaeaaiua i?e oa?iieeca eiiieaenia Zn(II) e
Cd(II) n eeaaiaeaie oeacaiiiai eeanna, naycaiu n ieeneaieai noeueoeaeia
a ieneaeu, a a neo/aa eiiieaeniuo niaaeeiaiee Hg(II)- eiia/iui
i?iaeoeoii oa?iieeca yaeyaony iaoaeee/aneay ?oooue. Ii?aaeaeaiu
eeiaoe/aneea ia?a-iao?u oa?iieeca niaaeeiaiee: ii?yaeie oa?iieeoe/aneie
?aaeoeee (n), eaaeouayny yia?aey aeoeaaoeee (E) e eiaa?eoi
i?aaeyeniiiai-oeeaeueiiai iiiaeeoaey (logA).

Eco/aiu i?ioeannu eeneioii-iniiaiiai ?aaiiaaney (-aieii-eeneio
(H2LI,II,IV e H2QI-III) e «eeneiai» eiiieaeniiai niaaeeiaiey
CuH2LIISO4(4H2O i?e t=25(0,1oC, (=0,15 M NaNO3 (eee KNO3). Ii?aaeaeaiu
nooiai/aoua eiinoaiou eeneioiie aeenioeeaoeee K1 e K2 yoeo niaaeeiaiee,
a oaeaea eiinoaiou onoie/eainoe ((1) MLI,II e MQI-III (aaea M=Zn2+,
Cd2+). Iieacaii, /oi aaee/eiu K1 e K2 H2LI,II,IV e H2QI-III eiatho aieaa
aunieea cia/aiey, /ai aiaeiae/iua aaee-/eiu aeey eieiiaeei?iieiiiaie
eeneioe. Ioia/aii, /oi n iiie-aeaieai iniiaiinoe aiaeieueoeaaiai aoiia N
i?iii?oeeiiaeueii ii-ieaeaaony onoie/eainoue oaeaoia oeeiea e eaaeiey io
eieiiaeei?i-ieiiaoia e MLI,II e MQI-III, /oi naycaii n
aeanoaaeeece?othuei aeaenoaeai aaoa?ioeeeee/aneeo ?aaeeeaeia.

Ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo EE- e II?-niaeo?ineiiee i?iaaaeaia eaeaioeoeeaoeey
iieo/aiiuo niaaeeiaiee. Ioia/aii, /oi a EE-niaeo?ao HAI,II, H2ZI,II,
H2LI-V e H2QI-III /anoioe ((C=O) COOH-a?oii iaoiaeyony a iaeanoe
1730-1700 ni-1, /oi oa?aeoa?ii aeey e?enoa-eee/aneeo (- e (-aieiieeneio,
eiathueo iieeia?iia no?iaiea. Iieeia?iay no?oeoo?a H2QI e H2QII
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia iaoiaeii ?NA. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a eiiieaeniuo
niaaeeiaieyo iaeii- e aeaoca?yae-iua aieiiu (-aieiieeneio
eii?aeeie?othony e oeaio?aeueiui aoi-iai Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+
/a?ac aoiiu O aeai?ioiie?iaaiiuo ea?aieneeueiuo a?oii e aoiiu
aiaeieueoeaaiai acioa.

Iieoyiie?e/aneei eaaioiai-oeie/aneei iaoiaeii PM3 ii-eacaii, /oi
MLI-V(nH2O, MQI-III(nH2O e HgH2QI-III(NO3)2(H2O eiatho oao?ayae?e/aneia,
a eiiieaeniua niaaeeiaiey oeia HgOH2LI-V(H2O-ieineia no?iaiea.

Enneaaeiaaii no?iaiea ?aciieeaaiaeiuo eiiieaeniuo niaaee-iaiee:
ZnDAISO4, ZnDAIISO4(7H2O, CdDAI,IICl2(H2O, HgDAI(NO3)2, HgDAII(NO3)2(H2O
e CuIA(H2O. Ioia/aii, /oi aeeaieaeu DAI,II eii?aeeie?othony e
eiiai-eiiieaeniia?aciaaoaeyi /a?ac aoiiu N e O aeeoaoe/aneiai o?aaiaioa
iieaeoeu eeaaiaea. Ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo ?NA e ?OA onoaiiaeaii, /oi
ienaeaieae IA e CuIA(H2O ia?acotho e?enoaeeu o?eeeeiiie neiaiiee. A
neo/aa CuIA(H2O oeaio?aeueiue aoii, naycaiiue n eeaaiaeii aoiiaie O e N
CONH2-a?oiiu, eeoue aeaoi?ie?oao e?enoaeee/aneoth no?oeoo?o
iena-eaieaea, ia?acoy ?anoai? aiaae?aiey.

Eco/aiu eiaeae?othuea, i?ioeaiiaeeiiua e ?inoi?aao-ee?othuea naienoaa
iieo/aiiuo niaaeeiaiee. Aeieacaia oeaea-niia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey
ZnQI-III(nH2O a ea/anoaa oeeiei-niaea?aeaueo iee?ioaeia?aiee i?e
eie?onoaoeee naiyi aea?eaeia eoeo?ocu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: d-yeaiaiou, eeaaiaeu, eiiieaenu iaoaeeia, oaeaou,
eiiieaeniiu, eiiieaeniiaou, eii-eiiieaeniia?aci-aaoaeue,
eii?aeeiaoeeiiiia /enei, aeaioaoiinoue.

Neikovsky S.I. Complex Compounds of d-elements with nitro-gen-, oxygen-,
sulphur-containing derivative propionic acid. Ma-nuscript.

Dissertation for a scientific degree of Doctor in Chemical Sciences in
the speciality 02.00.01- Inorganic Chemistry.-State Chemical Tech-nology
University of Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The dissertation relates to a problem, of laws connected with the
establishment of competitive co-ordination N-, O-, S-containing
deri-vative of a propionic acid to cations of d-elements- Co2+, Ni2+,
Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+. In the dissertation have been considered
synthesis methods of complexes compounds of the above indicated metals
with new ligands -N-, O-, by the S-donors, their properties
(phisical-chemical, inhibiting, anti-scum, grow regulating ) and
structure on the basis of theoretical and experimental data, obtained
using with modern methods of research (element and thermogravimeterical
ana-lyses, ?I-metry, IR- and PMR- spectroscopic, X-ray-structure and
X-ray- phased analyses, quantum-chemical and other computer design
methods. Has been discussed the possibility of the use of some organic
reactants and complexes compounds of the zinc with ligands of this said
class as inhibiting, anti-scum and grow regulating preparations, as well
as in the quality of zinc-containing microfertilizers in agriculture.

Key words: d-elements, ligands, complexes of metals, chelates, complex
agents, complexonate, ion- complexing agents, coordination number,
dentateness.

IAeAAoaA EEIO

I?aei. aei ae?oeo15. 09. 1999 ?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Iai?? ae?oea?.

Oiiaii- ae?oe. a?e. 2,17. O/.- aeae. a?e.1,61.Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Caiiae. ? 16. Aaceiooiaii.

320600, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 24-a,

I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

OE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE

O?I?EI-OAOIIEIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

IAEEIANUeEEE NOAIAI ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 541.49

EIIIEAENI? NIIEOEE d-AEAIAIO?A C I?O?IAAI-, IENEAAI- OA
NOEUeOO?IAI?NIEIE IIO?AeIEIE I?II?IIIAI? EENEIOE

02.00.01 — iai?aai?/ia o?i?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?i?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

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