AEAAeAI?ss IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO EA?Ae?IEIA??

?i. aeaae. I.Ae. NO?AAEANEA

AEA?AAEII Aaaeei Aaneeueiae/

OAeE: 616.72-002-085.814.1.+615.814.1

Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiue

(?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo, inoaia?o?ico oa

o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo)

?c canoinoaaiiyi aieei?aoeaenioa?ai??.

14.01.12 – ?aaiaoieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aciyeia ?ai? Aaiiaae?eiae/,
Oa?e?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oa?ai?? (i. Oa?e?a).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ooaa Iaii?ea Ieoaee?aia, Ee?anueea
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oa?ai?? oa ?aaiaoieia?? (i. Ee?a);

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aoeaea Iao?i Iaaeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aioo??oi?o oai?ia, e?eoaaeueii? o?ceoeueoo?e oa nii?oeaii? iaaeeoeeie
(i. Oa?e?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a
i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia ? 1, IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.616.01 i?e ?inoeooo?
ea?ae?ieia?? ?i. aeaae. I.Ae. No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith
252151, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ia?iaeiiai iiie/aiiy, 5.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
ea?ae?ieia?? ?i. aeaae. I.Ae. No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith
252151, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ia?iaeiiai iiie/aiiy, 5.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “30” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Aeaye N.?.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 27.10.1999 ?. Oi?iao 60×90/16. Aao. a?e. 1.

Iae. aeae. a?e. 1, 25. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,5.

Cai. ? 46. Iaeeaae 140.

III “Document center”

310024 i. Oa?e?a, i?. Iineianueeee 8.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?aaiaoe/i? oai?iae a Oe?a?i? iathoue na?eici?
iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? iane?aeee. ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo (?A), inoaia?o?ic
(IA) oa iiaeaa?a a?aeiinyoueny aei iaea?eueo aaaeeeo oa
?iciianthaeaeaieo c ieo [Eiaaeaiei A.I., 1997]. O?eaaeee i?ia?anoth/ee
ia?aa?a oeeo caoai?thaaiue, iaaeinoaoiy aoaeoeai?noue oa oneeaaeiaiiy
oa?iaeioa?ai?? iio?aaothoue ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiae?a oa i?aeoiae?a aei ?o
e?eoaaiiy [Eiaaeaiei A.I. oa ?i., 1997]. Iniaeeao aino?ioo ia? i?iaeaia
e?eoaaiiy aaaeeeo oi?i ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo a
ia??iae ?iaeoeoe?? aoaeoo aacenieo cania?a [Ianiiiaa A.I., 1997; Gaston
J.S. H., 1997]. O ae??oaii? oe??? i?iaeaie aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
eieaeueia oa?ai?y, iaeiae, aiia ua iaaeinoaoiuei ai?iaaaeaeaia ye ia
aini?oaeueiiio, oae ? ia aiaoeaoi?iiio aoaiao e?eoaaiiy [Eiaaeaiei A.I.
oa ?i., 1997; Aoi/oe I.A., 1997]. Canoinoaaiiy a yeino? eieaeueiiai
iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai aieeao ?aoeaenioa?ai?? (?O) i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue
e?eoaaiiy aieth oa caiaeaiiy a noaeiaao aac ca?eueoaiiy ?eceeo iia?/ieo
ae?e [Aia?ae?e A.A. oa ?i., 1985; Liu X. et al, 1993].

Ianoa?i?aei? i?ioecaiaeuei? i?aia?aoe (IICI) oa aioo??oiueinoaeiaia?
aaaaeaiiy aetheiei?oeeinoa?i?ae?a (AEN) aeicaieythoue oaeaeei oa cia/ii
ciaiooaaoe caiaeaiiy oa a?eue a noaeiaao, aea i?e aeoeaiino? ?A oa
o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai nooiaith oa
cia/ieo (2-a, 3-a oa 4-a noaae??) ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?iao a ia??iae,
eiee ae?y aacenieo cania?a ua ia i?iyaeeanue, aeinyaoe iiaiiai onoiaiiy
cacia/aieo neiioii?a ia aaea?oueny [Ianiiiaa A.I., Aoi/oe I.A., 1997;
Ea??ae O.E.O., 1990]. Aeiaeaoeiaa iaiaaeeeaiaioicia e?eoaaiiy — ?O,
oaeiae caeaoia aieeaaoe ia caiaeaiiy oa a?eue a noaeiaao, ia aeeeeeath/e
i?e oeueiio i?eoaiaiieo e?ea?nueeei i?aia?aoai iia?/ieo ae?e.
A?eueo?noue aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo niinia?a ?O i?e ?A
i?iaaaeaii ia iaoe??ioao c iecueeith (1-e nooi?iue) aeoeai?noth
caoai?thaaiiy ia oe? 1-i? aai 2-i? noaae?? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a
noaeiaao ia aoaiao aiaoeaoi?iiai aai naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiiai e?eoaaiiy.
Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy ?O a oeeo ?iaioao aeeth/aea a naaa aieea ia
eieaeuei? (iiaeeco o?aaeaieo noaeia?a), naaiaioa?i?, “aeenoaeuei?”,
neiioiiaoe/i? oa “niaoeeo?/i?” oi/ee aeoioieoo?e (OA). I?e aaeeeiio
/ene? caiaeaieo noaeia?a (*CN) i?e 2-io oa 3-io nooiaiyo aeoeaiino?
caoai?thaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy oe??? iaoiaeeee oaoi?/ii neeaaeii aai cian?i
iaiiaeeeaa, ine?eueee iio?aao? aeei?enoaiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? OA a
iaeei naain. Iaiao?aei?noue aeiaea?aeaiiy iaaii? o?eaaeino? i?ioeaaeo?e
i?e iaeii/aniiio aieea? ia aaeeeo e?euee?noue OA niiioea? iaoe??io?a
caa??aaoe i?ioyaii aeayeiai /ano aeiooaio iico, ui aeey ieo, aiane?aeie
iie?a?oeeoey?iiai oa?aeoa?o o?aaeaiiy, iaiiaeeeai. I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?A oa o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo
c aaeeeei *CN ia noaoe?iia?iiio aoai? oeyoii aeiaeaoeiaiai aeei?enoaiiy
?O iiaeeeaa i?e aeiaea?aeaii? aeaio aca?iiiia’ycaieo oiia:

aeei?enoaiiy iaiaaeaii? e?eueeino? OA a iaeei naain;

iaeii/aniee aieea ia aeae?eueea o?aaeaieo noaeia?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th
aeeiiaii a ocaiaeaeaii? c oaiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
oa?ai?? Oa?e?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0198U002286.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiue c o?ii?/iei ia?aa?aii ia
aini?oaeueiiio aoai? a ia??iae ?iaeoeoe?? aoaeoo aacenieo cania?a oeyoii
canoinoaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai aieeao — ?O.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?O i?e noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiiyo c aaeeeei *CN, c
iaiaaeaiei /eneii OA a iaeei naain.

2. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee
?O oai?eo ia ?A oa o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo.

3. Ioe?iea aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi ?O
ee?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai?eo (a?e, o?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy, noaae?y
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a noaeiaao, aeoeai?noue iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano,
??aaiue na/iai? eeneioe a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (i?e iiaeaa??)).

4. Ooi/iaiiy oa?aeoa?o e?eoaaeueii? ae?? ?O i?e ?aaiaoe/ieo
caoai?thaaiiyo oeyoii ii??aiyiiy aeeiai?ee ie?aieo iieaciee?a
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae, ni?anoaaeaiiy oe??? aeeiai?ee i?e
??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo.

5. ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei canoinoaaiiy ?O a e?eoaaii? ?A, IA ?
iiaeaa?e ia aini?oaeueiiio aoai?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?O o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo. Ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee ?O
i?aeaeuo?oueny aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy a oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe??.

Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy ?O i?e ?A, yea aeicaiey? aieeaii ia
iaiaaeaio e?euee?noue OA a iaeei naain e?eoaaoe iaeii/anii aeae?eueea
o?aaeaieo noaeia?a, ui i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy a oa?i?i
aini?oae?caoe??.

Io?eiaei iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy ?A oa o?ii?/iiai
iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo ca ?aooiie aeeth/aiiy a iueiai ?O ia
aini?oaeueiiio aoai?. Ooi/iaii oa?aeoa? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? ?O i?e
caoai?thaaiiyo noaeia?a. Iieacaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue ?O i?e ?A, IA oa
o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? ia ciaioo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii?
a?eo oai?eo oa o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaiaai?
i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy ?O i?e
?A oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? aeicaieeee i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy oeeo caoai?thaaiue o aeiaaeeao c
ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noth oa cia/ieie ci?iaie a noaeiaao.

Ooi/iaii oa?aeoa? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? ?O i?e ??cieo ?aaiaoe/ieo oai?iaao
oa aieea oa?aeoa?enoee oai?eo ia aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy. Aecia/aii, ui
oiiaith oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? ?O a oa?i?i
noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ia ?A oa o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee
iie?a?o?eo c ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noth oa cia/ieie ?aioaaiieia?/ieie
ci?iaie ? aieea ia noaiaea?oi? OA ia?eae?ai?a (NOI) oa o?eaa?i? ioieoe
aieth (OIA) ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeee.

Iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy ?O o oai?eo ia ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo aeioe?eueia iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo, o?eaaeino?
caoai?thaaiiy oa noaae?? ci?i a noaeiaao.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an aeeeaaeaiiy ia eaoaae??
oa?ai?? oa eaoaae?? ?aoeaenioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, a oaeiae a i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? 4 e?eoaaeueieo
caeeaae?a i. Oa?eiaa, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a ? iniiaiei ?
aeeth/a? a?aea??, ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo. Naiino?eii aeeiiai? an? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy
oai?eo ia ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo a i?ioean?
e?eoaaiiy. Noi?nii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii ?ic?iaeai? oa naiino?eii
ai?iaiaai? iaoiaeeee ?O i?e ?A oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?,
i?iaaaeaii noaoenoe/iee aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?? ia
aoee aeei?enoai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a
ioae?eaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee iaaiai?ai? ia i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio can?aeaii? oa?aiaaoe/ieo
eaoaae? oa eaoaae?e ?aoeaenioa?ai?? Oa?e?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, i?aaenoaaeai? a iaoa??aeao Ae?oaiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai eiia?ano ?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1997), ia Ae?oai?
eiioa?aioe?? anioe?aoe?? aeoioieoo?e oa eaca?ioa?ai?? Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1997), a iaoa??aeao 14-ai c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ?aaiaoieiaee”
(Oa?ueeia, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a
oiio /ene? a aeo?iaeao “E?ea?nueea ni?aaa” (2), “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue
iaaeeoeeineee aeo?iae” (1), a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (6), a
iaoa??aeao ? oacao aeieeaae?a iaoeiaeo oi?oi?a. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe??
c?iaeaii 3 aeiaoiaee (caiaoaioiaaii 3 niiniae e?eoaaiiy).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 128 noi??ieao
iniiaiiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a (a oiio /ene?
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaa?oiooaaiiy oa caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a, 2 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy), aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 204 iaeiaioaaiiy. ?iaioa
?ethno?iaaia 18 oaaeeoeyie, 8 ?enoieaie, 3 ee?i?/ieie i?eeeaaeaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ee?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caaaeueia e?euee?noue a?ae?a?aieo aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?eo noaiiaeea
136. I?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeenue: 58 oai?eo ia ?A a?eii a?ae 22
aei 76 ?ie?a c aeoeai?noth caoai?thaaiiy 2-ai oa 3-ai nooiaiy, c 2-ith
oa 3-ith noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i o noaeiaao, c na?iiiceoeaiith
oi?iith oai?iae; 38 oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo a?eii
a?ae 37 aei 75 ?ie?a c 2-th oa 3-th noaae?yie ci?i a noaeiaao, a oaeiae
40 oai?eo ia IA a?eii a?ae 41 aei 69 ?ie?a c o?aaeaiiyie eie?iieo ?
oacinoaaiiaeo noaeia?a, 2-th oa 3-th noaae?yie ci?i a ieo. Oiiaith
aeeth/aiiy a aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoe??io?a on?o iicieia?/ieo a?oi aoea
a?aenooi?noue aaaeei? noiooiuei? iaoieia?? (iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao,
ie?eiai?, ia/?ieiai? iaaeinoaoiino? a noaae?? aeaeiiiainaoe??, aaaeeeo
i?iya?a ?oai?/ii? oai?iae na?oey, iieiiaoieia??, oiui), aeey oai?eo ia
?A oaeiae a?aenooi?noue ??aeeeo oa/ aai aaaeeeo iicanoaeiaiaeo i?iya?a
caoai?thaaiiy, a aeey oai?eo ia iiaeaa?o a?aenooi?noue ie?eiai?
a?ia?oaic??.

Iaoe??ioe on?o iicieia?/ieo a?oi aeiaaeeiaei /eiii aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia
aea? a?oie ii??aiyiiy eiaeia. *eneaii?noue iniiaii? a?oie ?A noaiiaeea
35 /ieia?e: 25 ae?iie (71,4 %) oa 10 /ieia?e?a (28,6 %), eiio?ieueii? —
23 /ieia?ea: 19 ae?iie (82,6 %) oa 4 /ieia?ea (17,4 %).

Aei iniiaii? a?oie oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo oa?eoei
23 iaoe??ioa: 7 (30,4 %) ae?iie oa 16 (69,6 %) /ieia?e?a, aei
eiio?ieueii? — 15 iaoe??io?a: 4 (27 %) ae?iie oa 11 (73 %) /ieia?e?a.

Iniiaia a?oia oai?eo ia IA (20 /ieia?e) neeaaeaeanue c 14 ae?iie (70 %)
oa 6 /ieia?e?a (30 %). Eiio?ieueia a?oia (20 /ieia?e) neeaaeaeanue c 13
ae?iie (65 %) oa 7 /ieia?e?a (35 %). Na?aae iaoe??io?a iniiaii? a?oie
?aioaaiieia?/i? ci?ie 2-? oa 3-? noaae?e a?aei?/ai? o 7 /ieia?e a
oacinoaaiiaeo noaeiaao oa o 15 a eie?iieo noaeiaao. Oaeei /eiii, o 35 %
aoa i?enooi?e eiena?o?ic 2-? oa/ aai 3-? noaae?e, o 65 % — aiia?o?ic 2-?
oa/ aai 3-? noaae??, a oiio /ene? o 10 % niinoa??aaeinue ii?aeiaiiy
eiena?o?ico oa aiia?o?ico.

Na?aae iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie ?aioaaiieia?/i? ci?ie 2-? oa 3-?
noaae?e a?aei?/ai? o 9 /ieia?e (45 %) a oacinoaaiiaeo noaeiaao oa o 11
(55 %) a eie?iieo noaeiaao.

A?oie ii??aiyiiy a eiaei?e iicieia?? aoee ye?nii iaeii??aei? ca noaooth,
a?eii, o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy, aeoeai?noth i?ioeano oa noaae??th ci?i
a noaeiaao, a a a?oiao ii??aiyiiy oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee
iie?a?o?eo ? ca ai?noii na/iai? eeneioe a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?.

Ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo aeeth/aei a naaa: ca?? nea?a oa aiaiiaco, ia’?eoeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ee?i?/i? aiae?ce e?ia? oa na/?, o oai?eo ia ?A oaeiae
eaoaen-oano ia aeyaeaiiy ?aaiaoi?aeiiai oaeoi?o, o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo — aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aith na/iai? eeneioe a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oa oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy (OCAe) ie?ie.

An?i oai?ei ia ?A i?ecia/aeenue iaoio?aenao a aeic? 7,5 — 15 ia ia
oeaeaeaiue, aioo??oiueinoaeiaia? aaaaeaiiy aeaenaiaoaciio, i?e aenie?e
aeoeaiino? (3 nooi?iue) c ae?aaeaieie nenoaiieie i?iyaaie i?ecia/aany
i?aaei?cieii ia?i?aeueii 40 — 60 ia ia aeiao i?ioyaii aeaio — o?ueio
oeaei?a. Oai?? i?iaeiaaeoaaee i?eeii IICI, ?icii/aoee aei
aini?oae?caoe?? (a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a: ?iaeiiaoaoeei 75 — 125 ia ia
aeiao, ae?eeioaiae-iao??e 100 — 150 ia ia aeiao, i??ien?eai 20 — 40 ia
ia aeiao).

Oai?? ia IA io?eioaaee oaea e?eoaaiiy: IICI (i??ien?eai 10 — 20 ia ia
aeiao aai ae?eeioaiae-iao??e 100 — 150 ia ia aeiao), i?e aiia?o?ic? c
?aaeoeaiei neiia?oii i?iaiaeeeanue ioieoe?y eie?iiiai noaeiaa c
aaaeoaoe??th neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie oa aaaaeaiiyi a ii?iaeieio noaeiao
aeaenaiaoaciio; /a?ac 3 — 4 aei? i?ney oeueiai ?icii/eiaeinue
aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaa aaaaeaiiy a?oaia?iio ii 50 ia (1 ie) aea?/? ia
oeaeaeaiue, onueiai 10 — 15 ?i’?eoe?e ia eo?n e?eoaaiiy.

E?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo i?iaiaeeeinue
aeiio??iieii, IICI oa aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaeie aaaaeaiiyie aeaenaiaoaciio
ca oaeeie ae i?eioeeiaie, ye i?e ?A. Ii/aoeiaa aeiaiaa aeica aeiio??iieo
neeaaeaea 100 ia (1 oaaeaoea) c 7 — 10 aeiy ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia??. C
11 — 14 aeiy aeica aeiio??iieo ca?eueooaaeanue aei 200 — 300 ia ia aeiao
a aeaa — o?e i?eeiie (o iiaeaeueoiio aiaoeaoi?iee i?eeii 400 — 600 ia ia
aeiao).

Iaoe??ioai iniiaieo a?oi ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo,
ie??i iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?y
(A?O). Eo?n ?aoeaenioa?aiaaoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy neeaaeaany c 12 — 15
naain?a. I?e ?A oa iiaeaa?? ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee
oeiethaaeenue NOI ia?eae?ai?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue iiaeeco a?ae o?aaeaieo
noaeia?a, a oaeiae, OIA a?ey o?aaeaieo noaeia?a. I?e IA
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eieaeuei?, aeenoaeuei?, naaiaioa?i? oa “niaoeeo?/i?”
OA.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ?A aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ianooii?
ee?i?/i? iciaee: *CN, noaeiaiaee (caiaeueiee) ?iaeaen (N?), ui
aecia/aany ye noia aae?a aieth/ino? i?e iaeueiaoe?? on?o caiaeaieo
noaeia?a, ?ioaineai?noue ?aieiai? neooino? (?N) (a aaeao a?ae 1 aei
3-o); a?coaeueia oeaea aieth (AOA) (a aaeao a?ae 1 aei 10); OIA.
Aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo
ioe?ithaaeanue ca oeie ae iieacieeaie, ui ? ?A, ie??i ?N. Aeey ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy IA aeei?enoaii noa’?eoeaiee iieaciee (AOA) oa
iai?aia’?eoeaiee — aieth/?noue noaeiaa i?e iaeueiaoe?? (a aaeao a?ae 1
aei 4-o) (A).

Ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia i?aenoaa?
aecia/aiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei aeuaaeacaieo iieaciee?a oa ?o na?aaei?o
ci?i (na?aaei? ??cieoe? i?ae cia/aiiyie iieacieea ia ii/aoeo oa ia i?e
e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy). I?iaaaeaii ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ae ci?iaie
iieaciee?a oa ee?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oai?eo (a?eii, o?eaae?noth
caoai?thaaiiy, aeoeai?noth iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, noaae??th
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i, a oaeiae ??aiai na/iai? eeneioe a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? i?e iiaeaa??), e??i oiai, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo i?ae
ci?iaie iieaciee?a a a?oiao ii??aiyiiy.

Aeai? ia?iaeyeeny iaoiaeaie iieniai? noaoenoeee, iaeiioaeoi?iiai
aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co oa ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co c aeei?enoaiiyi
eiao?oe??ioa No’thaeaioa (t) ca aeiiiiiaith IBM PC/AT i?ia?aiith MS
Excel 97.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?ioyaii onueiai eo?no noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ia ?A, IA oa
o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo ia a?aecia/aii neiioii?a iia?/ii? ae??
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a. O iaoe??io?a iniiaieo a?oi ia cono??/aeeny
oneeaaeiaiiy A?O.

Na?aaei? a?oiia? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a oai?eo ia ?A i?aaenoaaeai? a
oaaeeoe? 1. Ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy na?aaei? aaee/eie an?o iieaciee?a ia
a?ae??ciyeenue i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy. Ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy an?
iieacieee iaio a?oi aoee ?noioii (p ( 0,0001) iaioa ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue.

C oaaeeoe? 1 aeaeii, ui a e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy c’yaeeenue aeinoia??i?
?icoiaeaeaiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei N?, AOA oa OIA i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy:
cia/aiiy caaaeaieo iieaciee?a noaee iaioeie a iniiai?e a?oi?. Iiaeia
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui canoinoaaiiy A?O nooo?ai aieeioei ia aeeiai?eo
noa’?eoeaiiai, iai?aia’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai iieaciee?a noaio oai?eo
iniiaii? a?oie. Ca?aene aeo?ea?, ui A?O i?e ?A, i?iaaaeaia a?aeiia?aeii
aei cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee, a oa?i?i noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy ciaioo?
caiaeaiiy oa a?eue a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao.

*CN oa ?N a?aeiinyoueny aei iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaaeeino?
caoai?thaaiiy. A?aenooi?noue ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae
ieie a?aeia?aaea? oa, ui ?O i?e ?A a?aeiineoueny aei aeiaeaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ci?ie na?aaei?o aaee/ei *CN, N?, ?N, AOA oa OIA

a a?oiao ii??aiyiiy o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo

Iieac A?oie ii??aiyiiy

ieee Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy

Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia

*CN 12,78 ( 0,46 12,69 ( 0,38 5,57 ( 0,27 5,43 ( 0,25

N? 37,39 ( 1,90 36,29 ( 1,54 8,87 ( 0,44 6,06 ( 0,26**

?N 2,39 ( 0,10 2,40 ( 0,08 0,57 ( 0,11 0,37 ( 0,08

AOA 6,91 ( 0,16 6,94 ( 0,14 3,91 ( 0,18 1,46 ( 0,09***

OIA 44,17 ( 2,11 44,69 ( 1,66 24,83 ( 0,51 21,09 ( 0,54*

I?ei?oea: * — p ( 0,01; ** — p ( 0,001; *** — p ( 0,0001 (a ii??aiyii?
?c cia/aiiyi a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?)

Ia i?aenoaa? iaaaaeaieo a oaaeeoe? 1 aeaieo iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooiiee
aeniiaie:

?O i?e ?A i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a ?O i?e ?A aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noth caoai?thaaiiy oa cia/ieie
ci?iaie a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao i?ae /an aini?oae?caoe??.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia *CN neeaea 7,26 ( 0,19 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 7,22 ( 0,21
a eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie iaia?,
ui aeiaeaoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue aieeao A?O ia aeeiai?eo
oeueiai iieacieea. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie *CN oa
a?eii oai?eo, o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy, noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i
oa aeoeai?noth i?ioeano aeyaea ?ioaineaiee (p ( 0, 01) iiceoeaiee
ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie *CN oa aeoeai?noth ye a iniiai?e (r = 0,46), oae ?
a eiio?ieuei?e (r = 0,68) a?oiao.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia N? neeaea 30,23 ( 1,33 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 28,52 ( 1,54 a
eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie iaia?,
ui ia a?aeiia?aea? c?iaeaiiio aeniiaeo i?i aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo
oeueiai iieacieea. Uia i?iaiae?coaaoe oeth ?ica?aei?noue, iaeaea? a?oie
aoee ?icae?eai? ia aea? i?aea?oie: aei ia?oi? oa?eoee iaoe??ioe c
iaeiaioeie ii/aoeiaeie aaniethoieie cia/aiiyie N? (a?ae 25 aei 29), aei
ae?oai? — c iaea?eueoeie (a?ae 30 aei 59 aeeth/ii). A ?acoeueoao?
i?iaaaeaiiai iaeiioaeoi?iiai aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co aeyaeeinue, ui a
ia?o?e i?aea?oi? iniiaii? a?oie na?aaeiy ci?ia N? cia/ii a?eueoa (p (
0,03), i?ae a ia?o?e i?aea?oi? eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Na?aaei? ci?ie N? a
ae?oaeo i?aea?oiao ?noioii ia a?ae??ciyeenue i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy.

C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui A?O aieeaa? ia aeeiai?eo N? i?e a?aeiinii
iaaaeeeeo eiai cia/aiiyo ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy. I?e aaeeeeo cia/aiiyo N?,
aieiaiei /eiii, i?e o?aoueiio nooiai? aeoeaiino? ?A, ?? canoinoaaiiy ia
aieeaa? ia aeeiai?eo iieacieea. Oaeei /eiii, A?O ciaioo? N? o oai?eo ia
?A i?e aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy ia aeua ae?oaiai nooiaiy. Ei?aeyoe?eiee
aiae?c ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie N? oa a?eii oai?eo, o?eaae?noth
caoai?thaaiiy, noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i oa aeoeai?noth i?ioeano
aeyaea ?ioaineaiee (p ( 0, 01) iiceoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie N? oa
aeoeai?noth ye a iniiai?e (r = 0,68), oae ? a eiio?ieuei?e (r = 0,72)
a?oiao.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia ?N noaiiaeea 2,03 ( 0,05 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 1,83 ( 0,10
a eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie iaia?,
ui aeiaeaoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue aieeao A?O ia aeeiai?eo
oeueiai iieacieea. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ia aeyaea aoaeue-yeiai ca’yceo
i?ae ci?iaie ?N oa a?eii oai?eo, o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy, noaae??th
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i oa aeoeai?noth i?ioeano ye a iniiai?e, oae ? a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia AOA noaiiaeea 5,49 ( 0,10 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 3,00 (
0,13 a eiio?ieuei?e. Cia/ei?noue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie (p
( 0, 01) i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?noioiee aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo AOA.
Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie AOA oa a?eii oai?eo,
o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy, noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i oa
aeoeai?noth i?ioeano aeyaea ?ioaineaiee (p ( 0, 01) iiceoeaiee ca’ycie
i?ae ci?iaie AOA oa aeoeai?noth a iniiai?e (r = 0,56) a?oi?, oa
a?aenooi?noue oeueiai ca’yceo a eiio?ieuei?e.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia OIA noaiiaeea 24,11 ( 1,12 ii/a a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 19,78
( 1,72 ii/a a eiio?ieuei?e. Iayai?noue ?noioieo (p ( 0, 05)
?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae a?oiiaeie cia/aiiyie i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui canoinoaaiiy
A?O ciaioo? OIA. Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie OIA oa a?eii
oai?eo, o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy, noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i oa
aeoeai?noth i?ioeano aeyaea ?ioaineaiee (p ( 0, 01) iiceoeaiee ca’ycie
i?ae ci?iaie OIA oa aeoeai?noth ye a iniiai?e (r = 0,56), oae ? a
eiio?ieuei?e (r = 0,69) a?oiao.

Ii??aithth/e ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?A iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii?
a?oi, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aeiaeaaaiiy A?O aei eiiieaenii?
oa?ai?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeinoia??iiai ciaioaiiy ia’?eoeaiiai (OIA),
iai?aia’?eoeaiiai (N?) oa noa’?eoeaiiai (AOA) iieaciee?a noaeiaiaiai
neiae?iio. A?aenooi?noue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae a?oiiaeie cia/aiiyie *CN oa
?N ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy, a oaeiae i?ae ?o na?aaei?ie ci?iaie,
a?aeia?aaea? oo ianoaaeio, ui A?O i?e ?A a?aeiineoueny aei aeiaeaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy. Iayai?noue a iniiai?e a?oi? ?ioaineaiiai iiceoeaiiai
ca’yceo ia o?eueee i?ae aeoeai?noth caoai?thaaiiy oa ci?iaie *CN, N?,
OIA, aea ? ci?iaie AOA, iaaea? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiane?aeie
aeiaeaoeiaiai canoinoaaiiy A?O aeeiai?ea aieueiaiai neiae?iio
a?aeiia?aea? ae?aaeaiino? ci?i ia’?eoeaiiai oa iai?aia’?eoeaiiai
iieaciee?a. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, canoinoaaiiy A?O iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
ioe?ieo aaaeeino? aieueiaiai neiae?iio naieie oai?eie. A?aenooi?noue
ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie ?N a?eii oai?eo, o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy,
noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i oa aeoeai?noth i?ioeano o a?oiao
ii??aiyiiy iiaea aooe iiyniaia iniaenoeie aeanoeainoyie oai?eo.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c i?ae ci?iaie iieaciee?a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
aeyaea iayai?noue o?niiai iiceoeaiiai ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie
iai?aia’?eoeaieo iieaciee?a (*CN oa N?) (r = 0,89) oa ia’?eoeaiiai
iieacieea (OIA) (r = 0,86). Ci?ie noa’?eoeaieo iieaciee?a (AOA oa ?N)
ia ei?aeththoue i? i?ae niaith, i? ?c ci?iaie ?ioeo iieaciee?a. Oaeei
/eiii, i?e o?eueee iaaeeeaiaioiciiio e?eoaaii? nooi?iue ciaioaiiy N? oa
OIA a?aeiia?aea? nooiaith ciaioaiiy *CN. Iaaiaee, ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a,
ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ioe?ieo aaaeeino? aieueiaiai neiae?iio naieie
oai?eie (?N oa AOA), ia iia’ycaia c aeeiai?eith *CN. ?ioee oa?aeoa?
ni?aa?aeiioaiue ia? i?noea a iniiai?e a?oi?. Ooo aeyaey?oueny o?niee
iiceoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie *CN oa N? (r = 0,78), *CN oa AOA (r =
0,37), *CN oa OIA (r = 0,58), N? oa AOA (r = 0,47), N? oa OIA (r =
0,84), AOA oa OIA (r = 0,46), a oaeiae AOA oa ?N (r = 0,41). Aeua
iaaieiooaaeinue, ui aeei?enoaiiy A?O i?e ?A aieeaa? ia aeeiai?eo N?
o?eueee i?e a?aeiinii iaaaeeeeo eiai cia/aiiyo. Iaeiae, iaa?oue i?e
aenieiio nooiai? aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy oa ?ioaineaiiio aieueiaiio
neiae?ii?, A?O aeicaiey? ?iaeoe aaaiiee aianie o ciaioaiiy aieth a
noaeiaao.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iiaeia caeeth/eoe, ui A?O ia?
i?ioecaiaeueio ae?th i?e ?A 2-ai nooiaiy aeoeaiino?. I?e 2-io oa i?e
3-io nooiaiyo aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy aiia i?iyaey? eeoa i?ioeaieueiao
ae?th. Oaeei /eiii, a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaiiy ?A c ae?aaeaiith
aeoeai?noth oa cia/ieie ci?iaie a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao iniiaia ae?y A?O —
i?ioeaieueiaa.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a *CN, N?, AOA oa OIA o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2.

Ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy na?aaei? aaee/eie on?o iieaciee?a ia
a?ae??ciyeenue i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy. Ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy an?
iieacieee iaio a?oi aoee ?noioii (p ( 0,0001) iaioa ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue.

C oaaeeoe? 2 aeaeii, ui ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy c’yaeeeny aeinoia??i?
?icoiaeaeaiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei N? oa AOA i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy:
cia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a noaee iaioeie a iniiai?e a?oi?.

Oaeei /eiii, canoinoaaiiy A?O a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia
o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo iaaeaei ?noioiiai aieeao ia aeeiai?eo
noa’?eoeaiiai oa iai?aia’?eoeaiiai iieaciee?a noaio iaoe??io?a iniiaii?
a?oie. Iayai?noue oeeo ?icoiaeaeaiue na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui canoinoaaiiy
A?O i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii?
iaoiaeeee aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy aieth oa caiaeaiiy a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao a
oa?i?i noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ci?ie na?aaei?o aaee/ei *CN, N?, AOA oa OIA

o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo

Iieac A?oie ii??aiyiiy

ieee Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy

Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia

*CN 5,73 ( 0,37 5,65 ( 0,29 2,60 ( 0,29 2,35 ( 0,22

N? 12,67 ( 0,83 12,44 ( 0,70 3,60 ( 0,29 2,44 ( 0,22*

AOA 6,00 ( 0,22 5,87 ( 0,18 2,20 ( 0,15 1,13 ( 0,15**

OIA 29,60 ( 1,20 30,52 ( 1,18 18,73 ( 0,55 17,87 ( 0,42

I?ei?oea: * — p ( 0,01; ** — p ( 0,001; (a ii??aiyii? ?c cia/aiiyi a
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? i?ney e?eoaaiiy)

A?aenooi?noue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae a?oiiaeie cia/aiiyie *CN ia i?e e?ioe?
e?eoaaiiy, a?aeia?aaea? oo ianoaaeio, ui A?O i?e o?ii?/iiio
iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? a?aeiineoueny aei aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy. A?aenooi?noue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae a?oiiaeie cia/aiiyie OIA ia
i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy, iiynith?oueny oei, ui iaaeeeaiaioicia
i?ioecaiaeueia oa?ai?y aeinoaoiueith i??ith ii?iae?co? oeae iieaciee.

Ia i?aenoaa? iaaaaeaieo o oaaeeoe? 2 cia/aiue iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooiiee
aeniiaie: cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a A?O i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio
iie?a?o?eo? aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy
oai?eo c ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noth caoai?thaaiiy oa cia/ieie ci?iaie a
o?aaeaieo noaeiaao a oa?i?i ?o ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia??.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia *CN neeaea 3,30 ( 0,16 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 3,13 ( 0,17 a
eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie iaia?,
ui aeiaeaoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue aieeao A?O ia aeeiai?eo
oeueiai iieacieea.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia N? neeaea a 10,04 ( 0,52 iniiai?e a?oi? oa 9,06 ( 0,57
eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie iaia?,
ui ia a?aeiia?aea? c?iaeaiiio aeniiaeo i?i aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo
oeueiai iieacieea. Uia i?iaiae?coaaoe oeth ?ica?aei?noue, iaeaea? a?oie
aoee ?icae?eai? ia o?e i?aea?oie: aei ia?oi? oa?eoee iaoe??ioe c
iaeiaioeie ii/aoeiaeie aaniethoieie cia/aiiyie N? (a?ae 7 aei 10), aei
ae?oai? — ?c na?aaei?ie (a?ae 11 aei 15 aeeth/ii), aei o?aouei? — c
iaea?eueoeie (a?ae 16 aei 18). A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai
iaeiioaeoi?iiai aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co aeyaeeinue, ui a o?ao?e i?aea?oi?
iniiaii? a?oie na?aaeiy ci?ia N? ?noioii (p ( 0,04) a?eueoa, i?ae a
o?ao?e i?aea?oi? eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Na?aaei? ci?ie N? a ia?oeo oa
ae?oaeo i?aea?oiao ?noioii ia a?ae??ciyeenue i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy.
C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo N? noa? iii?oiei i?e
aeinoaoiuei aaeeeeo eiai cia/aiiyo ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy. I?e a?aeiinii
iaaaeeeeo cia/aiiyo N? ?? canoinoaaiiy ia aieeaa? ia aeeiai?eo
iieacieea. Oaeei /eiii, i?ioecaiaeueia ae?y A?O o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo noa? ee?i?/ii cia/eiith i?e cia/i?e ae?aaeaiino?
caiaeaiiy a noaeiaao.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia AOA noaiiaeea 4,74 ( 0,13 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 3,80 ( 0,18
a eiio?ieuei?e. Cia/ei?noue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie (p ( 0,
01) i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?noioiee aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo AOA.

Na?aaeiy ci?ia OIA noaiiaeea 12,39 ( 0,61 ii/a a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 10,87
( 0,69 ii/a a eiio?ieuei?e. Noaoenoe/ieo ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie
cia/aiiyie iaia?, ui aeiaeaoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo? a?aenooi?noue aieeao A?O
ia aeeiai?eo oeueiai iieacieea.

I?e ei?aeyoe?eiiio aiae?c? ni?aa?aeiioaiue a?eo oai?eo, o?eaaeino?
caoai?thaaiiy, noaae?? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a noaeiaao, ??aiy na/iai?
eeneioe a ne?iaaooe? e?iae oa ci?i *CN, N?, AOA oa OIA ia anoaiiaeaii
aoaeue-yeiai ca’yceo i?ae ia?ae?/aieie ee?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oa
ci?iaie iieaciee?a, ui aea/aeenue.

Ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c aeyaea ?ioaineaiee iiceoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie
ie?aieo iieaciee?a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?: *CN oa N? (r = 0,70), N? oa OIA
(r = 0,82), OIA oa AOA (r = 0,50). A oie aea /an, ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie
*CN oa OIA, *CN oa AOA, N? oa AOA aoa a?aenooi?e. A ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, a iniiai?e a?oi? aeiaeaoeiai c’yaeany ?ioaineaiee
iiceoeaiee ca’ycie i?ae ci?iaie *CN oa OIA (r = 0,63), a oaeiae N? oa
AOA (r = 0,43).

Iaaiaee, ca’ycie i?ae AOA oa OIA a iniiai?e a?oi? a?aenooi?e.
Ii??aithth/e ei?aeyoe?ei? a?aeiioaiiy iieaciee?a iaio a?oi iiaeia
a?aei?oeoe, ui a iaio aeiaaeeao i?ine?aeaeothoueny iaea?eueo o?ni? oa
iino?ei? ca’ycee i?ae *CN oa N? ? N? oa OIA. A?aoiaoth/e, ui OIA
ii?iae?coaaeanue a iaio a?oiao, ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ci?i oeueiai iieacieea
cia/ii iaioa, i?ae i?e ?A.

Oaeei /eiii, aeei?enoaiiy A?O a iniiai?e a?oi? ?noioii ia ci?ieei
oa?aeoa? ei?aeyoe?eieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae iniiaieie iieacieeaie. Oea
aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?,
oaeiae ye ? i?e ?A, iniiaiith ae??th A?O ? i?ioeaieueiaa.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia
o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaii?
iaoiaeeee A?O, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui A?O iie?auo? aeeiai?eo
iai?aia’?eoeaiiai iieacieea (N?), aea caeaa?eueoa aeeiai?eo
noa’?eoeaiiai iieacieea aieueiaiai neiae?iio (AOA). Aeei?enoaiiy A?O a
eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo ia?
iaea?eueo cia/iee aoaeo i?e ae?aaeai?e aeoeaiino? caiaeaiiy o noaeiaao.
A?O iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?
iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo oai?eo, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa noaae??
?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a noaeiaao.

Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a AOA oa A o oai?eo ia IA iaaaaeai? a
oaaeeoe? 3. Ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy na?aaei? aaee/eie on?o iieaciee?a ia
a?ae??ciyeenue i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy. Ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy an?
iieacieee iaio a?oi aoee ?noioii (p ( 0,0001) iaioa ii/aoeiaeo cia/aiue.

Oaaeeoey 3

Na?aaei? aaee/eie AOA oa A a a?oiao ii??aiyiiy oai?eo ia IA

Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy

Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia Eiio?ieueia Iniiaia

AOA (aaee) 5,15 ( 0,18 5,25 ( 0,19 3,7 ( 0,11 2,95 ( 0,14**

A (aaee) 1,85(0,08 1,90(0,07 1,35(0,11 1,05(0,09*

I?ei?oea: * — p < 0,04; ** - p < 0,001 (o ii??aiyii? ?c cia/aiiyi a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? i?ney e?eoaaiiy) C oaaeeoe? 3 aeaeii, ui ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy c’yaeeeny aeinoia??i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy na?aaei?o aaee/ei AOA oa A i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy: cia/aiiy oeeo iieaciee?a noaee iaioeie a iniiai?e a?oi?. Oaeei /eiii, canoinoaaiiy A?O iaei nooo?aee aieea ia aeeiai?eo noa’?eoeaiiai oa iai?aia’?eoeaiiai iieaciee?a noaio iaoe??io?a. Ca?aene aeo?ea?, ui A?O i?e IA a oa?i?i ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy aieth a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao. Na?aaeiy ci?ia AOA noaiiaeea 2,30 ( 0,13 a iniiai?e a?oi? oa 1,45 ( 0,14 a eiio?ieuei?e. Nooi?iue ?icoiaeaeaiue i?ae oeeie cia/aiiyie (p ( 0, 01) i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?noioiee aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo AOA. Na?aaeiy ci?ia A noaiiaeea a 0,85 ( 0,08 iniiai?e a?oi? oa 0,50 ( 0,14 a eiio?ieuei?e. ?icoiaeaeaiiy oeeo cia/aiue (p ( 0, 01) i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?noioiee aieea A?O ia aeeiai?eo A. I?e ei?aeyoe?eiiio aiae?c? ia anoaiiaeaii aoaeue-yeiai ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie AOA oa A oa ee?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oai?eo (a?e, noaae?y ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a noaeiaao). Oaeei /eiii, canoinoaaiiy A?O ? aeioe?eueiei iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo oai?eo oa noaae?? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i. A ?acoeueoao? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co ia anoaiiaeaii aoaeue-yeiai ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie AOA oa A a iaio a?oiao ii??aiyiiy. Oea iiaeia iiynieoe ?iaeoei oa?aeoa?ii noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio i?e IA, i?ae i?e ?A oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?, a naia, “iaoai?/iei” oa?aeoa?ii aieth a noaeiaao oa aoi?eii?noth caiaeueieo i?iya?a a noaeiaao. Ii??aithth/e ?acoeueoaoe canoinoaaiiy A?O i?e ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?, iiaeia a?aei?oeoe, ui i?e ?A A?O ia? i?ioecaiaeueio ae?th a iaaeao 2-ai nooiaith aeoeaiino? oa i?ioeaieueiao i?e etha?e aeoeaiino?, i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? - i?ioecaiaeueio (i?e ae?aaeai?e aeoeaiino?) oa i?ioeaieueiao, i?e IA - i?ioeaieueiao. ?en. 1. Ca 100 % acyo? aaee/eie AOA a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy. I?e ii??aiyii? nooiaiy ciaioaiiy aieueiaiai neiae?iio (AOA) aiane?aeie canoinoaaiiy A?O i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo noaeia?a (?enoiie 1) anoaiiaeaii, ui ia i?e e?ioe? a iniiai?e a?oi? ?A na?aaei? cia/aiiy AOA noaiiaeei 37 % a?ae na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy o eiio?ieuei?e (t = 13,83), a iniiai?e a?oi? o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo - 51 % a?ae na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy o eiio?ieuei?e (t = 4,99), a iniiai?e a?oi? IA - 80 % a?ae na?aaeiueiai cia/aiiy o eiio?ieuei?e (t = 4,74). Oaeei /eiii, iaea?eueoa aoaeoeai?noue A?O i?e e?eoaaii? noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiue aeyaey?oueny i?e ?A. Nooo?a? ?icoiaeaeaiiy i?ae iniiaieie a?oiaie ?A oa IA a nooiai? ciaioaiiy aieueiaiai neiae?iio iathoue ianooiia iiyniaiiy. I?e ?A A?O ia? ye i?ioecaiaeueio, oae ? i?ioeaieueiao ae?th. A?aeiia?aeii, ciaioo?oueny ye “caiaeueiee” oae ? “iaoai?/iee” a?eue a noaeiaao. I?e IA aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaei aaaaeaiiyi AEN caiaeaiiy, ye i?aaeei, i?eai?/o?oueny. A ?acoeueoao?, a?eue o noaeia?, ui caa??aa?oueny i?ney oeueiai aaaaeaiiy, ia? ia?aaaaeii “iaoai?/iee” oa?aeoa?. Oiio i?ioecaiaeueia ae?y A?O ao?a/a? oi/eo i?eeeaaeaiiy. I?e ?A A?O ia? ciiao i?iyaeyoe iaeaeaa aoaeoe, ciaiooaaoe ia o?eueee “iaoai?/iee”, aea ? “caiaeueiee” a?eue o noaeiaao. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy N? i?ae a?oiaie ii??aiyiiy ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy iaeiaeiaa i?e ?A (68 %) oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? (68 %), oa o?ioe aeua i?e IA (78 %) (?enoiie 2). Oea oaeiae na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue oiai, ui i?e IA A?O ia? iaioa oi/ie i?eeeaaeaiiy aeey nai?? ae??. ?en. 2. Ca 100 % acyo? aaee/eie N? (aieth/ino?) a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia i?e e?ioe? e?eoaaiiy. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ee?i?/ia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee A?O i?e ?A oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy A?O i?e aaaeeiio ia?aa?ao oeeo caoai?thaaiue (2-e oa 3-e nooi?iue aeoeaiino?, 2-a oa 3-y noaae?y ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i a noaeiaao), a oaeiae i?e IA aaeeeeo noaeia?a c 2-th oa 3-th noaae??th ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i. Ooi/iaii oa?aeoa? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? A?O i?e ??cieo caoai?thaaiiyo noaeia?a, i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? A?O i?e oeeo caoai?thaaiiyo. Iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy A?O a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ?A, IA oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo ? aeioe?eueiei iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo oai?eo, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa noaae?? ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i. AENIIAEE 1. Aeei?enoaiiy aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? a yeino? aeiaeaoeiaiai iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai aieeao aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiue (?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo, inoaia?o?ico oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo) aac ca?eueoaiiy ?eceeo iia?/ieo aoaeo?a. 2. I?e noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiiyo aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?y aeyaey? i?ioecaiaeueio oa i?ioeaieueiao ae??, inoaiiy c yeeo ? iniiaiith. 3. I?iaaaeaiiy aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? ? o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe ?? e?eoaaeueio ae?th i?e ae?aaeai?e aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy ? cia/ieo ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?iao a o?aaeaieo noaeiaao a oa?i?ie noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy. 4. I?ioecaiaeueia ae?y aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? iaea?eueoa ae?aaeaia i?e 2-io nooiai? aeoeaiino? caoai?thaaiiy, a i?e o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio a?o?eo? - i?e cia/iiio caiaeaii? a noaeiaao. 5. Iaea?eueoee ee?i?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ?aoeaenioa?ai?? a?aecia/a?oueny i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?. 6. Aoaeoeai?noue aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?, inoaia?o?ic? ? o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae a?eo oai?iai, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy, ?aioaaiieia?/ii? noaae?? ci?i a noaeiaao. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. Aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?th ne?ae i?ecia/aoe a yeino? aeiaeaoeiaiai iaiaaeeeaiaioiciiai aieeao i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?, inoaia?o?ic? ? o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo oai?eo, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy, noaae?? ci?i a noaeiaao ? aeoeaiino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. 2. Aeey oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? a oa?i?ie noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo ? o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo c ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noth ? cia/ieie ?aioaaiieia?/ieie ci?iaie iaiao?aeii aieeaaoe ia noaiaea?oi? oi/ee ia?eae?ai?a ? o?eaa?i? ioieoe aieth ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeee. 3. Canoinoaaiiy aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo?, o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo? oa inoaia?o?ic? iieacaii c ia?oeo aei?a noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? AEa?aaeei A.A. Nia?aiaiiua iiaeoiaeu e ea/aieth ?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa. // Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue iaaeeoeeineee aeo?iae. - 1998.- O. 4. - ? 2. N. 48 - 51. AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea aieueiuo ?aaiaoieaeiui a?o?eoii ia ainieoaeueiii yoaia n i?eiaiaieai eaei?aoeaenioa?aiee. // A?a/aaiia aeaei. - 1997. - ? 6. - N. 58 - 61. AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea aieueiuo o?iie/aneei iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii ia ainieoaeueiii yoaia n i?eiaiaieai eaei?aoeaenioa?aiee. // A?a/aaiia aeaei. - 1998. - ? 2. - N. 141 - 143. AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea ?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa n i?eiaiaieai ?aoeaenioa?aiee. // Oace aeiiia?aeae “Iaoa??aee 14 c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie.” - E. - 1998. - N. 296 - 298. 5. AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea iiaeaa?e/aneiai iieea?o?eoa n i?eiaiaieai ?aoeaenioa?aiee. // Oace aeiiia?aeae “Iaoa??aee 14 c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie.” - E. - 1998. - N. 298 - 300. 6. AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea nonoaaiuo caaieaaaiee (inoaia?o?ica, ?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa e iiaeaa?u) n i?eiaiaieai ?aoeaenioa?aiee. // Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu oa?aiee a ?aaiaoieiaee” Iiae ?aae. Aa?aciyeiaa E.A. - O.: Eiinoaioa, 1997. – N. 36 - 45. 7. AEa?aae?i A.A. Canoinoaaiiy aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? a e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo. // Oace aeiiia?aeae “Iaoa??aee Ae?oaiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Eiia?ano ?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie.” - E. - 1997. - N. 153. 8. AEa?aaeei A.A. I?eiaiaiea eaei?aoeaenioa?aiee a ea/aiee aieueiuo iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii. // Nai?iee ?aaio iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia “Iaaeeoeeia naaiaeiy e caao?a” - Oa?ueeia, 1997. - auione 2. - N. 43 - 45. 9. AEa?aaeei A.A. I?eiaiaiea aeoioieoo?iie ?aoeaenioa?aiee a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aieueiuo o?iie/aneei iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii ia ainieoaeueiii yoaia. // Oace aeiiia?aeae “Iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy” (Iaoa??ee ae?oai? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??). - E. - 1997. - N. 47 - 49. 10. Iao. 21567 A Oe?a?ia, IEA A 61 I 39/00. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy ?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo / AEa?aae?i A.A., Aa?aciyeia ?.A. (Oe?a?ia) - ? 97041692; Cayae. 09.04.97; Iioae. 06.01.98. – 4 n. 11. Iao. 20645 A Oe?a?ia, IEA A 61 I 39/00. Niin?a ?aoeaenioa?aiaaoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aieth o noaeiaao i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? / AEa?aae?i A.A., Aa?aciyeia ?.A. (Oe?a?ia) - ? 97041691; Cayae. 09.04.97; Iioae. 05.08.97. – 4 n. 12. Iao. 23572 A Oe?a?ia, IEA A 61 I 39/00. Niin?a ?aoeaenioa?aiaaoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo / AEa?aae?i A.A., Aa?aciyeia ?.A. (Oe?a?ia) - ? 97063134; Cayae 26.06.97; Iioae. 02.06.98. – 4 n. AIIOAOe?ss AEa?aae?i A.A. Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiue (?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo, inoaia?o?ico oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo) ?c canoinoaaiiyi aieei?aoeaenioa?ai??. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.12. - ?aaiaoieia?y. - ?inoeooo ea?ae?ieia?? ?i. aeaae. I.Ae.No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ai?iaaoe?? iiaeo niinia?a e?eoaaiiy ?aaiaoi?aeiiai a?o?eoo, inoaia?o?ico oa o?ii?/iiai iiaeaa?e/iiai iie?a?o?eoo c aeei?enoaiiyi aieei?aoeaenioa?ai??. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiaeee aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e ?aaiaoi?aeiiio a?o?eo? oa o?ii?/iiio iiaeaa?e/iiio iie?a?o?eo?, ye? aeeth/athoue aieea ia noaiaea?oi? oi/ee ia?eae?ai?a, aeiaaaeaii aeioe?euei?noue canoinoaaiiy aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? i?e oeeo caoai?thaaiiyo c ae?aaeaiith oa aenieith aeoeai?noth (2 oa 3 nooiai?) oa cia/ieie (2 oa 3 noaae??) ?aioaaiieia?/ieie ci?iaie a noaeiaao, a oaeiae i?e inoaia?o?ic? aaeeeeo noaeia?a 2 oa 3 noaae??. Iieacaii, ui aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?y, i?iaaaeaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee, i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue iaaeeeaiaioiciiai e?eoaaiiy aaaeeeo oi?i oeeo caoai?thaaiue a oa?i?i aini?oae?caoe?? aac ca?eueoaiiy iia?/ieo ae?e. Ooi/iaii oa?aeoa? e?eoaaeueii? ae?? aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?? oa i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ?? aoaeoeaiino? i?e noaeiaiaeo caoai?thaaiiyo. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo, inoaia?o?ic, o?ii?/iee iiaeaa?e/iee iie?a?o?eo, eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy, aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?y. ANNOTATION Zherebkin V.V. Complex treatment of the diseases of the joints (rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis and gouty) with application of acupuncture. - Manuscript. Thesis for the candidate’s degree of medical sciences in speciality 14.01.12 - rheumatology. – The Strazhesko Institute of Cardiology of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to approbation of new ways of treatment with use of an acupuncture at the patients by rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA) and gouty. As a result of research of clinical efficiency of the offered techniques acupuncture at RA and gouty including influence on standard points of acupunctural meridians, the expediency of application acupuncture is proved at these diseases with the expressed and high activity (2nd and 3rd of a degree) and significant (2nd and 3rd of a stage) rontgenological changes in joints, and also, at OA of large joints of the 2nd and 3rd stage. Is shown, that acupuncture, carried out according to the developed technique, raises efficiency drug treatments of the severe forms of these diseases in terms of hospitalization without increase of risk of adverse reactions. The character of therapeutic action acupuncture was specified and the comparative estimation of efficiency acupuncture at the diseases of the joints was completed. Key words: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gouty, complex treatment, acupuncture. AIIIOAOeEss AEa?aaeei A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea nonoaaiuo caaieaaaiee (?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa, inoaia?o?ica e o?iie/aneiai iiaeaa?e/aneiai iieea?o?eoa) n i?eiaiaieai eaei?aoeaenioa?aiee. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.12. - ?aaiaoieiaey. - Einoeooo ea?aeeieiaee ei. aeaae. I.Ae. No?aaeanei AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ai?iaaoeee iiauo niiniaia ea/aiey n eniieueciaaieai ?aoeaenioa?aiee (?O) caaieaaaiee nonoaaia: ?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa (?A), inoaia?o?ica (IA) e o?iie/aneiai iiaeaa?e/aneiai iieea?o?eoa. I?eiaiaieth ?O i?e oyae?euo oi?iao ?A e o?iie/aneiai iiaeaa?e/aneiai iieea?o?eoa ia ainieoaeueiii yoaia i?aiyonoaoao iaee/ea aieueoiai /enea ainiae?iiuo nonoaaia, eioi?ia o?aaoao aicaeaenoaey ia i/aiue aieueoia (ianeieueei aeanyoeia) eiee/anoai oi/ae aeoioieoo?u a iaeei naain eee iii/a??aeiia ea/aiea eaaeaeiai nonoaaa a ioaeaeueiinoe, /oi o?aaoao aeeeoaeueiiai (ianeieueei iaaeaeue) eo?na ea/aiey. Aeey ea/aiey aieueiuo ?A e o?iie/aneei iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua niiniau, caeeth/athueany a oii, /oi iaeiia?aiaiii n iacia/aieai aaceniuo n?aaenoa, ianoa?ieaeiuo i?ioeaiainiaeeoaeueiuo i?aia?aoia (IIAI) e aioo?enonoaaiuie aaaaeaieyie aetheiei?oeeinoa?ieaeia (AEN) i?iaiaeeeanue ?O. Niaeanii i?aaeeiaeaiiiio niiniao, aicaeaenoaea i?iecaiaeeeinue ia noaiaea?oiua oi/ee ia?eaeeaiia e o?eaaa?iua ioieou aiee, /oi iicaieyao ea/eoue iaeiia?aiaiii ianeieueei nonoaaia. I?e yoii ia?aie/eaaaony eiee/anoai oi/ae aeoioieoo?u, eniieuecoaiuo a iaeei naain aei 2 - 3. Eaei?aoeaenioa?aiey (E?O) auea aua?aia eae iaeaieaa eco/aiiia, yeiiiie/iia, aeinooiiia e ia onooiathuaa ii yooaeoeaiinoe ae?oaei niiniaai ?O aicaeaenoaea. Ioia?aii 136 aieueiuo ?A, IA e o?iie/aneei iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii n au?aaeaiiie aeoeaiinoueth (2 e 3 noaiaiue) e cia/eoaeueiuie (2 e 3 noaaeey) ?aioaaiieiae/aneeie eciaiaieyie a ii?aae?iiuo nonoaaao. Anai aieueiui iacia/aee IIAI e aioo?enonoaaiua aaaaeaiey aeaenaiaoaciia (i?e IA iaeiie?aoii). A ea/anoaa aaceniuo n?aaenoa i?e ?A iacia/aee iaoio?aenao, i?e o?iie/aneii iiaeaa?e/aneii iieea?o?eoa - aeeiio?eiie, i?e IA - a?oaia?ii aioo?enonoaaii. Iaoeeaioai iniiaiuo a?oii aeiiieieoaeueii i?iaiaeeeanue E?O. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai ea/aiey n?aaeiea aaee/eiu anao iieacaoaeae nonoaaiiai neiae?iia ai anao a?oiiao nouanoaaiii oiaiueoeeenue ii n?aaiaieth n enoiaeiuie cia/aieyie. A eiioea noaoeeiia?iiai ea/aiey o aieueiuo ?A a iniiaiie a?oiia ioia/aiu aeinoiaa?ii iaiueoea ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieai n?aaeiea aaee/eiu nonoaaiiai eiaeaena, aecoaeueiie oeaeu aiee e nei?inoe inaaeaiey y?eo?ioeeoia (NIY). Onoaiiaeaii, /oi nonoaaiie eiaeaen o aieueiuo ni 2 noaiaiueth aeoeaiinoe a ia/aea ea/aiey a iniiaiie a?oiia nieceeny a aieueoae ia?a, /ai a eiio?ieueiie. I?e 3 noaiaie aeoeaiinoe aeeiaieea aeaiiiai iieacaoaey iaaeaeo a?oiiaie n?aaiaiey ia ?acee/aeanue. Ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec ioiioaiee iaaeaeo eciaiaieyie iieacaoaeae a a?oiiao n?aaiaiey iieacae, /oi aneaaenoaea i?eiaiaiey E?O aeeiaieea noauaeoeaiiai iieacaoaey (aecoaeueiie oeaeu aiee) naycaia n aeeiaieeie inoaeueiuo iieacaoaeae. Naeaeaii caeeth/aiea, /oi E?O, i?iaiaeeiay ii i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeea, iiauoaao yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey ?A, i?iyaeyy i?ioeaiainiaeeoaeueiia aeaenoaea i?e 2 noaiaie aeoeaiinoe, a i?ioeaiaieaaia - i?e ethaie aeoeaiinoe caaieaaaiey. O aieueiuo o?iie/aneei iiaeaa?e/aneei iieea?o?eoii iniiaiie a?oiiu e eiioeo ea/aiey n?aaeiea aaee/eiu nonoaaiiai eiaeaena e aecoaeueiie oeaeu aiee noaee aeinoiaa?ii iaiueoeie, /ai a eiio?ieueiie a?oiia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?acee/ey iaaeaeo a?oiiaie n?aaiaiey a aeeiaieea nonoaaiiai eiaeaena i?iyaeythony i?e iaeaieueoeo aai enoiaeiuo cia/aieyo. Eae e i?e ?A, iniiaiia aeaenoaea E?O i?e o?iie/aneii iiaeaa?e/aneii iieea?o?eoa - i?ioeaiaieaaia. O aieueiuo IA a eiioea ea/aiey n?aaeiea aaee/eiu aecoaeueiie oeaeu aiee e aieaciaiiinoe noaee a iniiaiie a?oiia nouanoaaiii iaiueoa, /ai a eiio?ieueiie, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao yooaeoeaiinoue E?O. A ?acoeueoaoa ei??aeyoeeiiiiai aiaeeca iaaeaeo aic?anoii aieueiuo, aeeeoaeueiinoueth caaieaaaiey, noaaeeae ?aioaaiieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee a nonoaaao, o?iaiai ii/aaie eeneiou a nuai?ioea e?iae (i?e iiaeaa?a) e eciaiaieyie iieacaoaeae a i?ioeanna ea/aiey, onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia?a/eneaiiua eeeie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aieueiuo ia aeeytho ia yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey, a oii /enea e ia yooaeoeaiinoue E?O. Enneaaeiaaiea aeieacaei eeeie/aneoth yooaeoeaiinoue e aaciianiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeee E?O i?e ?A e o?iie/aneii iiaeaa?e/aneii iieea?o?eoa n au?aaeaiiie aeoeaiinoueth e cia/eoaeueiuie ?aioaaiieiae/aneeie eciaiaieyie a nonoaaao. Iieacaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?eiaiaiey E?O o iiaeeeuo, aeeeoaeueii aieathueo iaoeeaioia n au?aaeaiiuie nonoaaiuie eciaiaieyie. Ooi/i?i oa?aeoa? ea/aaiiai aeaenoaey E?O e i?iaaaeaia n?aaieoaeueiay ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe E?O i?e nonoaaiuo caaieaaaieyo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaiaoieaeiue a?o?eo, o?iie/aneee iiaeaa?e/aneee iieea?o?eo, inoaia?o?ic, eiiieaeniia ea/aiea, eaei?aoeaenioa?aiey. Ia?ae?e oiiaieo nei?i/aiue A aieth/?noue noaeiaa AOA a?coaeueia oeaea aieth AEN aetheiei?oeeinoa?i?aee A?O aieei?aoeaenioa?ai?y IICI ianoa?i?aei? i?ioecaiaeuei? i?aia?aoe IA inoaia?o?ic ?A ?aaiaoi?aeiee a?o?eo ?N ?aieiaa neoo?noue ?O ?aoeaenioa?ai?y N? noaeiaiaee ?iaeaen NOI noaiaea?oi? oi/ee ia?eae?aio OA oi/ee aeoioieoo?e OIA o?eaa?i? ioieoe aieth *CN /enei caiaeaieo noaeia?a OIA oaeaee?noue in?aeaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a PAGE 2

Похожие записи