I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEA IAAeE*IA NOIIAOIEIA?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

I?ua?yeiaa Ieaia Aai?a??aia

OAeE616-08:616-036.12:616-001+616-006.34.03:616.716.4:534.833:550.38

Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai o?aaiaoe/iiai oa iaeiioiaaiiiai
inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie ?c canoinoaaiiyi iineaaeaiiai
aaiiaai?oiiai iiey

14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iieoaaa – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie ia eaoaae?? o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aac?oeia Na?a?e
A?eai?iae/. E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ieo/aiie A?eoi?
?aaiiae/. OINA, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee o??o?a?/ii?
noiiaoieia??

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?oc?i Aaiaae?e Iao?iae/.
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
IIC Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ _27__“ _ea?oiy 1999?. i __13:30__ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 44.601.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaaee/i?e noiiaoieia?/i?e aeaaeai?? (314024, i.Iieoaaa, aoe.
Oaa/aiea, 23)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ __24__ “ __aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeioeaio ___________ Aieiaei I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai o?aaiaoe/iiai oa
iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaii??e?oo uaeai caeeoa?oueny iaei??th c iaea?eueo
neeaaeieo (A.A.Oa?ai?iaenueeee,1984, 1995; I.ss.Iie?ee,1997). Ca inoaii?
aeanyoe??//y niinoa??aa?oueny no?eea c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? ai?eieo
caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue, ui aeieeathoue o uaeaiii-eeoeaa?e ae?eyioe?
(I.A.Aeieo???aa, A.A.Oacaiiaa, 1987; A.A.Oa?ai?iaenueeee,
N.I.Eaeocueea,1994; Andra et all.,1979). *anoioa ?icaeoeo o?aaiaoe/iiai
oa iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaii??e?oo oaeiae ia ia? oaiaeaioe?? aei cieaeaiiy
(I.I.Ai?ae?the,1988; A.A.Oeiio??a ?c ni?aaao.,1998).

Ia caaaeath/e ia canoinoaaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy,
a??ia?aei?noue aeieeiaiiy inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie caeeoa?oueny
aenieith, i?e/iio o?ii?/ia oi?ia oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy cono??/a?oueny o
13-25% oai?eo (Ae.?.Ua?aaothe,1987).

I?e/eie c?inoaiiy /enea iaoe??io?a oe??? eaoaai??? iiaeooue
?icaeyaeaoeny o?eueee o eiioaeno? c aiae?cii oe?ieiai eiiieaeno
aca?iicaeaaeieo, ia?aaaaeii i?ia?anoth/eo oaeoi??a. Nthaee aoiaeyoue
ci?ie aeaeiaiai neeaaeo i?e?ioei?e (A.I.Aoa?i ?c ni?aaao.,1998),
aeieeiaiiy aioea?ioeei-?acenoaioieo ooai?a aaeoa??e (E.N.Ciooei,
I.?.I?eiea?a, I.I.Niaauoe,1988; I.ss.Iie?ee,1997; E.O.Iiciye,1997;
O.Ao?aoaeaee?aa, 1986), cieaeaiiy caaaeueii? oa i?noeaai? ?aaeoeaiino?
(A.?.Eoe’yiaiei, 1986), ianai?/ania caa?oaiiy ca iaaee/iith aeiiiiiaith
(TH.?.Aa?iaaenueeee, 1998), iaaeinoaoi?e e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo i?e
aeei?enoaii? o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy (A.A.Aoee?i,1987;
A.A.Eaaaiaoeue, A.A.Iieyeia, 1989). Ana oea iaoiiaeth? iayai?noue
o?oaeiiu?a, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoue i?ioean e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia inoaii??e?o
ieaeiuei? uaeaie, iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeniiai
oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa iiooe iiaeo, a?eueo aoaeoeaieo niinia?a oa
oaoiieia?e e?eoaaiiy iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie (TH.?.Aa?iaaenueeee,
TH.A.THnoaia,1988; A.A.Iaeai/oe, ?.TH.Aa?eyoneaeoa,1993).

A iniia? ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiiy eaaeeoue
?aoe?iiaeueiee eiiieaen, yeee aeeth/a? aaeaeaaoia o??o?a?/ia ao?o/aiiy
oa eiina?aaoeaio oa?ai?th (A.A.Oeiio??a ?c ni?aaao.,1991; I.?.Iaeaae/,
A.A.Naaoeianueeee, 1995). Na?aae eiina?aaoeaieo iaoiae?a iii?oia i?noea
a?aeaiaeeoueny o?c?ioa?ai?? oa, ie?aii, iaai?oioa?ai?? (E.N.Oa?iiaee ?c
ni?aaao.,1985). A oeueiio iai?yieo ia?niaeoeaiei caea?oueny aeei?enoaiiy
iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey (IAII) a yeino? e?eoaaeueiiai oaeoi?o
(A.I.E?oa?iia,1992).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi canoinoaaiiy iineaaeaiiai
aaiiaai?oiiai iiey a e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa
iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ieaiaie iaei??? c
iaoeiaiaeine?aeieo ?ia?o E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.N.?.Aai?a??aneiai “Iioei?caoe?y i?ioean?a caaithaaiiy
?ai uaeaiii-eeoeaai? ae?eyiee”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
01.95.V009969.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoith iaoi? ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia
o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Aeey cae?eniaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe aieea iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey ia ina?aaeie o?aaeaiiy
? i?aai?ci oai?iai ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee
inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

2. ?ic?iaeoe i?eno??e, ae?aioth/ee AII a iaeano? ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

3. Ae?iaeoe iieacaiiy ? ooi/ieoe i?ioeiieacaiiy aei aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo
ae?aioaaiiy AII.

4. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy ? ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ee?ii/ieo,
aaiaoieia?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa oeeoieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeaoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo eieaeueiiai
ae?aioaaiiy AII o e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa
iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aia?oa o noiiaoieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iineaaeaia aaiiaai?oia iiea
aeei?enoaii ye e?eoaaeueiee oaeoi?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ee?i?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo, aaiaoieia?/ieo,
a?io?i?/ieo oa oeeoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aeioe?euei?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eieaeueiiai ae?aioaaiiy
AII o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa
iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie.

?ic?iaeaii oaeoeeo canoinoaaiiy IAII o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo
cacia/aii? a?oie c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee caiaeueieo oa
a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a, ui i?io?eathoue o i‘yeeo oeaieiao ?ai oa
ii?eoeue i?ae /an aeei?enoaiiy i?eeaaeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai iaie i?eeaaeo aeey aieeao iineaaeaiei
aaiiaai?oiei iieai ia ina?aaeie o?aaeaiiy o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie aea?
iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeueoe aoaeo eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy.

Iaoiaeeea e?eoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith IAII i?inoa ? c?o/ia: aeey ??
cae?eniaiiy ia iio??aia aeaeo?iaia?a?y, ui aeicaiey? e?eoaaoe oai?eo
aaoiiiiii, iaia? iaiao?aeiino? o i?eaeaaii? aia?aoo?e, ui aei?iai
eiooo?, ? aeae?eaii? ie?aieo i?ei?uaiue, ia iio??ai? niaoe?aeueia
i?aeaioiaea iaaee/iiai ia?niiaeo oa ?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy.
I?eeaae a?ae??ciy?oueny i?inoioith oa c?o/i?noth o ?iaio?.

I?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe iaea?aeaii iina?ae/aiiy ia
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeo i?iiiceoe?th ?732 a?ae 28 ethoiai 1994?., aeaeaia
?anioae?eainueeith ee?i?/iith e?ea?iath ?i.I.I.Naiaoea.

?ic?iaeai? i?eeaae ? iaoiaeeea e?eoaaiiy oai?eo iiaeooue ciaeoe oe?iea
canoinoaaiiy o i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? o??o?a?a-noiiaoieia?a
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a aoaeue-yei? eaoaai???.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a

Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii i?eno??e aeey cae?eniaiiy iaoiaeeee eieaeueiiai
/anoeiaiai ae?aioaaiiy AII. I?eeiyoi o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? iaoe oa
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeeiiaii ?iaioo ca aeia??eith oa
iaa?oiooaaiiyi iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaaiieo ia ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe. Iaa?aii i?e?ia?ieia?/iee oa oeeoieia?/iee iaoa??ae,
cae?eniaii e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee
inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie ?c canoinoaaiiy IAII ye e?eoaaeueiiai
oaeoi?o. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,
ioi?ieaii oaaeeoe?, iaienaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, 3 aeaae aeena?oaoe??,
caeeth/aiiy, aeniiaee, i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy

?ic?iaeai? i?eno??e ? iaoiaeeeo e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie ai?iaaaeaeaii
(ca oeiiaith i?aea?aeii/ith oi?i? ??-2, caoaa?aeaeaiith iaeacii OeNO
?681 a?ae 18 na?iiy 1976 ?.) a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe a?aeae?eaiiy
uaeaiii-eeoeaai? o??o?a?? ?anioae?eainueei? ee?ie/ii? e?ea?i?
?i.I.I.Naiaoea (i.N?ioa?iiieue), i?nueeeo noiiaoieia?/ieo iie?ee?i?e i.
sseoe ? i. ?aiaoi???, 3-? i?nueei? noiiaoieia?/ii? iie?ee?i?ee
i.Naaanoiiiey, oa?eoi??aeueiiai iaaee/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy “Noiiaoieia?y”
(i.Ea?/).

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny a eo?n? eaeoe?e oa i?aeoe/ieo
caiyoue ia eaoaae?? o??o?a?/ii? noiiaoieia?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee ?iaioe iia?aeiieaii ia can?aeaiiyo E?einueei?
?anioae?eainueei? ni?eee o?c?ioa?aiaao?a, i.N?ioa?iiieue (1994-1995??.),
ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie, aeinyaiaiiy oa ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo iaaeeeia?ieia?/ieo iaoe ? i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y”,
i.N?ioa?iiieue (1995?.), ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 150-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa, i.Oa?e?a
(1995?.), ia eiioa?aioe?? o??o?a?a-noiiaoieia?a E?eio, i.N?ioa?iiieue
(1996?.).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 10 i?aoeue: o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao — 4, ?anioae?eainueeeo ca??ieeao — 5, o iaoa??aeao
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e — 1.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 188 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. Aiia
neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio aeaa, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee i?noeoue 222
aeaea?aea a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo aaoi??a oa aeiaeaoea. ?iaioa i?noeoue
28 oaaeeoeue oa ?ethno?iaaia 9 ?enoieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ee?i?/iee ?icae?e ?iaioe aeeiiaii a
ee?i?oe? uaeaiii-eeoeaai? o??o?a?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai ia aac? ?anioae?eainueei? ee?ie/ii?
e?ea?i? ?i.I.I.Naiaoea.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia eaoaae?? i?e?ia?ieia??
E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai
? ee?i?/ii? eaai?aoi??? ?anioae?eainueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i
I.I.Naiaoea.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o iiaeyeo aeieoi?o iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o
N.A.Aac?oeiao, aeieoi?o iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o A.I.E?oa?iiao ca
aeiiiiiao o aeeiiaii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa??aeii ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 119 oai?eie ia
o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie. 85
iaoe??io?a neeaee iniiaio a?oio, 34 — eiio?ieueio. Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy
ca iieacaiiyie neeaaeaeiny c o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy (?ice?eooy aanoeano,
oeaaiiie, naeaano?aeoii?y), iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa o?c?ioa?ai??, EOE oa
ae??oe a?aeiia?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yi. ?aeeiith a?aei?oiith iniaeea?noth
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie ? canoinoaaiiy eieaeueiiai ae?aioaaiiy
cai?noue o?c?ii?ioeaaeo?.

Ee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye ? i?e?ia?ieia?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa
oeeoieia?/i?, i?iaiaeeeenue ca i?eioeeiii “ne?iiai aenia?eiaioo” c
ianooiiith ?icoeo?iaeith iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A iniia? oaeiai
i?eioeeio ?iaioe, iia`ycaiiai c aeyaeaiiyi aoaeo?a, iaea?aeaieo i?ae
aieeaii iaai?oieo iie?a ? iaiao?aei?noth aeinyaiaiiy ??aiy
aeinoia??iino?, iieyaathoue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? I.A.Neiiiiaa (1985).
?i?oaoe?y IAII o eiio?iieuei?e a?oi? oai?eo ia cae?enithaaeany oiio,
ui ieaoeaai aei ianooiiiai /ano oeae iaoiae e?eoaaiiy ia ia?
(A.I.E?oa?iia, 1993).

O eiiieaeniiio ianoaaeaii? canoiniaoaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iaoiaee
(iieooaaiiy, iaeyae, iaeueiaoe?y). Eiiieaen ianoaaeaiiy i?noea o nia?
caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia?, na/?, oeoei? e?ia?, AEA, ?aioaaiia?ao?th
a?oaeii? ee?oee. C /anoeiaeo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy canoiniaoaaeeny
?aioaaiia?ao?y ieaeiuei? uaeaie oa ae?aaiinoe/ia ciiaeoaaiiy ii??oeaaiai
oiaeo. ?c niaoe?aeueieo iaoiae?a – can?a ia i?e?ioei?o oa oeeoieia?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo ?aie (ii?eoe?), a oaeiae a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
e?ia?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o aieeao iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey
?iaeoeoe?? 0,125o10-4Oe ia ye?niee oa e?euee?niee neeaae iaoiaaiii?
i?e?ioei?e ?io?eiaaieo ?ai oa ii?eoeue oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee
oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie aoei ianoaaeaii a
aeeiai?oe? 17 oai?eo, yeei i?iaiaeeee a?iiaaiiaai?oioa?ai?th ? 17
iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

?aiueiaa aeae?eaiiy a?aee c aeeaieeo i?noeue ?aie aai ii?eoe? iaeiei
noa?eeueiei aaoiei oaiiiiii. Ca iaoiaeeeith A.A.Iaiueoeeiaa (1982)
aaeoa??ieia?/iee aeine?aeieoeueeee iaoa??ae ?icaiaeeee o 0,85% ?ic/ei?
iao??th oei?eaeo a?ae 10-1 aei 10-4. C iaea?aeaieo ?icoei?a, a oaeiae
oe?eueii? i?iae ?iaeeeee can?a ii 0,1ie ia iiaeeaiee aaa?, e?ia’yiee
aaa? aeey aeae?eaiiy eieiai? a?oie i?e?ia?a. Iaoa??ae ?iciiae?eyee ii
iiaa?oi? noa?eeueiei oiaoaeai. Ca iaoiaeeeith R.O.Becker (1963) iaoa??ae
?ieoa?thaaee i?e t=37oN i?ioyaii 18-24 aiaeei.

Aea/aee eoeueoo?aeuei?, ii?oieia?/i? oa oeieoi??aeuei? aeanoeaino?
aeae?eaieo aaeoa??e e aecia/aee e?euee?noue eieii??noai?thaaeueieo
iaeeieoeue (ENI) ia 1,0 iaoa??aeo, ui aeine?aeaeoaaany. I?ia?aeia ?ieue
a?aeaiaeeeany oei aeaeai, ui ia?aaaaeaee e?euee?nii (ENI>105 ie) e
aen?aaeeny i?e iiaoi?aii? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O noao?eieie?a aecia/aee oa?iaioe iaoiaaiiino?: i?iaeoeoe?th
aaiie?cei?a, ieaciieiaaoeace, eaoeeoeiace e /ooeea?noue ?o aei 11
aioea?ioee?a (N.I.Iaaaoei, ?.I.Oii?ia, 1968).

Iaoa??aeii aeey a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea e?ia, ocyoa iaoua c aaie
42 oai?eo iaio e?eoaaeueieo a?oi (21+21). E?ia aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aee
aei ? a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy ia 5-?e, 7-?e oa 14-?e aeia?. A?io?i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? oai?eo i?noeee aecia/aiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eeo,
aeueaoi?i?a, aeiaoe?i?a a1, a2, b, g, na/iaeie, aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace
(AEO), ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (ANO).

Aeei?enoiaoth/e oi?o?eiaai? iaoiaee — a?o?aoiaee oa aeaeo?ioi?ac ia
o?iiaoia?ao?/iiio iaia?? — aecia/aee caaaeueiee a?eie ? a?eeia? o?aeoe??
a?aeiia?aeii (A.A.E?eeia ?c ni?aaao.,1981). O?ainai?iace (AEO, ANO)
aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo ?aeoiaia-O?aieaey, i?iaaaeaiiy
eieuei?iai? ?aaeoe?? c ae?aoeaoeeiiiieneiii cae?enithaaee aeey aea/aiiy
iieaciee?a na/iaeie (A.A.Iaiueoeeia,1987).

Aeey eiio?ieth ca caaithaaiiyi ?io?eiaaieo ?ai o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee
o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie aoei
i?iaaaeaii oeeoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeeiai?oe? e?eoaaiiy. ?noeiia
oyaeaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ?aiueiaiai i?ioeano iiaeeeaa o?eueee i?e
iine?aeiaiiio c?noaaeaii? oeeoieia?/ieo aeaieo (I.N.Na?aaeue,
C.I.Aii/a?iaa,1990). Aeina?ae oeeoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiai?ee
caaithaaiiy ?ai a uaeaiii-eeoeaa?e ae?eyioe? iieaco?, ui a on?o oai?eo
?aiueiaee i?ioean ia? /?oei ae?aaeaiee oaciaee oa?aeoa?
(A.A.Oeiio??a,1997). O ca’yceo c aeuacacia/aiei, iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny c a?aooaaiiyi oace caiaeaiiy ? oace ?aaaia?aoe??. Aeey
oa?aeoa?enoeee oeeoia?ai ee?oeiiee neeaae a?aeia?aaeaee a %.

Caiaeueiee oei oeeoia?ai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?enooi?noth aaeeei?
e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a (85-90%). Inoaii? 10-15% i?eiaaeathoue ia
e?ioioeeoe, iiiioeeoe, iae?ioaae. O oac? ?aaaia?aoe?? ai?no iaeo?io?e?a
noaiiaeoe 40-50%, a o?a?iaeanoe, iae?ioaae, oo/i? ee?oeie e aiaeioae?e
ii/eiathoue ??cei ia?aaaaeaoe, iin?aeath/e cia/ia i?noea a ee?oeiiiio
neeaae?. I?enooi?noue aiceiio?e?a aeaco? ia aea?a?/io ni?yiiaai?noue
i?ioeano, a i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy e?ioioeeo?a ? ieaciaoe/ieo ee?oei
oa?aeoa?ii aeey ?icaeoeo aooi?ioiiai eiiiiiaioo (I.N.Na?aaeue,
C.I.Aii/a?iaa,1990; A.A.Oeiio??a,1997).

Acyooy iaoa??aeo cae?enithaaee 12 iaoe??ioai iniiaii? oa 12 —
eiio?ieueii? a?oi. Aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaeeeo “iiaa?oiaai? a?iin?? ?aie”
(I.O.Eaia?a, 1970) — ca aeiiiiiaith eaaeiai c?neiao iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o
?o/eith o??o?a?/iiai neaeueiaey. Iaea?aeaiee iaoa??ae iaiineee ia /eno?
ciaaee?ai? i?aaeiaoi? noaeea, ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eyth/e oiieei oa?ii.
Na?ae? iacee o?enoaaee a iaoaiie? ? i?ioa?aiaoaaee ca niiniaii
?iiaiianueeiai (A.A.Iaiueoeeia,1982).

Oai?ei, ye? iaee iniiaio iaoieia?th, i?iaiaeeee eiinoeueoaoe?? ni?aeieo
oao?aoe?a, aeiaeaoeiaa ianoaaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy.

Iaea?aeai? a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy oeeo?ia? aeai? ia?iaeyee iaoiaeii
iaia?aiao?e/ii? noaoenoeee ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia?iiai e?eoa??th A?eeieniia
(?.A.Aoaea?, A.A.Aaie?i,1973).

Aeey cae?eniaiiy eieaeueiiai ae?aioaaiiy AII iaie cai?iiiiiaaii oa
ai?iaiaaii iiaeeo?eaoe?th i?eeaaeo aeey e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
o?aaiaoe/iiai oa iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie. I?eeaae
“Eii??-ae?ai-I”, yeee c?iaeaii ?c iaoa??aeo c aenieith iaai?oiith
i?iieei?noth (ia?iaeith), anoaiiaeth?oueny o aeaeyae? e?eueoey a iaeano?
ieaeiuei? uaeaie, c?ieiaiiai ii ia?eiao?o, ui ia? nia?aaeo aenooi aeey
oie?aiiy a a?oaeeio.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O AIAE?C

?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca ia??iae c 1992 aei 1996 ?ieo a
ee?i?oe? uaeaiii-eeoeaai? o??o?a?? E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai ia aac? ?anioae?eainueei? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i? ?i.I.I.Naiaoea i?ae iaoei niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeiny 119
oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei?
uaeaie. Iniiaio a?oio neeaee 85 iaoe??io?a, o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii?
yeeo aeei?enoiaoaaeiny IAII. 34 iaoe??ioai eiio?ieueii? a?oie e?eoaaiiy
cae?enithaaee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith (A.?.Eoe’yiaiei,1986).
I?e ?iciiae?e? iaoe??io?a iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi a?aoiaoaaeenue
iniaeeaino? a?eo, noao?, ??ciiiai?oiino? ee?i?/ieo oi?i o?ii?/iiai
inoaii??e?oo, aeaaiino? oa eieae?caoe?? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano.
O?eaae?noue eo?n?a e?eoaaiiy IAII ia caeaaeaea a?ae aeuaia?ae?/aieo
oaeoi??a, a oaeiae aeaeo oa oa?i?i?a o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy. Na?aaeiy
o?eaae?noue eo?no noaiiaeea 5 e?eoaaeueieo naain?a. ?acii c oei ne?ae
aeciaoe, ui ia aecia/aiiy e?eueeino? naain?a IAII i?e i?iaaaeaii?
a?iiaaiiaai?oioa?ai?? nooo?ai aieeaaea eeoa i?noeaaa ee?i?/ia ea?oeia
caoai?thaaiiy ?, oaeei /eiii, o?eaae?noue IAII aecia/aeany
?iaeea?aeoaeueii.

I?ae /an e?eoaaiiy aoei aea/aii aeeiai?eo caaaeueieo oa i?noeaaeo
ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a. I?e oeueiio oneeaaeiaiue, aeeeeeaieo canoinoaaiiyi
IAII, o oai?eo ia inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie aecia/aii ia aoei.

E??i oiai aoei i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaiaoieia?/-
ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, yea na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoia??io iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo
e?euee?nieo ci?i iieaciee?a e?ia? o oai?eo, ui iaea?aeoaaee IAII:
a?aecia/aii ca?eueoaiiy a?eo?ioeeo?a (?0-I<0,05, p0-III=0,01, pII-III<0,01), aaiiaeia?io (p0-I<0,01, p0-III=0,05, pII-III<0,05). E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a oa naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a ciaiooaaeany, a aiceiio?e?a oa iiiioeeo?a ca?eueooaaeany (p0-I<0,05 a?aeiia?aeii). I?ioa, a ?io? ia??iaee niinoa?aaeaiue e?euee?noue iiiioeeo?a cia/ii ciaiooaaeany (pII-III=0,05). E?euee?noue iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a ci?ithaaeany ianooo?ai (p>0,05). A?aecia/aii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a (p0-I=0,05, p0-II<0,05). OCA ciaiooaaeany (pI-II<0,05, p0-III=0,05 ? pII-III<0,05). O oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie eeoa e?euee?noue iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a, e?ioioeeo?a oa iiiioeeo?a ci?ithaaeany nooo?ai (p0-II=0,05, p0-I<0,05, p0-II=0,01 a?aeiia?aeii). Aiae?c a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?ia? aeyaea aeinoia??io ??cieoeth a iieacieeao caaaeueiiai a?eeo i?ae /an canoinoaaiiy IAII (p0-II<0,05, pI-II<0,05), ii?iae?caoe?th eiioeaio?aoe?? aeiaoe?iiaeo o?aeoe?e a1, a2 o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? (p0-I=0,05 ? p0-I=0,05 a?aeiia?aeii), g-aeiaoe?io (pI-II<0,05, p0-II<0,05). A?aecia/aii aeinoia??io ci?io iieaciee?a na/iaeie (p0-II<0,05, pI-II<0,05). Iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea iieacieea na/iaeie na?ae/eoue i?i ia?ao?ae iai?iieo i?ioean?a a?eeiaeo ?a/iaei ia aiaaie?/iee oeyo (E.I.Oai/ei,1979; A.Eai?iaeaea?, 1985). Anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??io ci?io iieacieea AEO (p0-I<0,05, p0-II=0,05, p0-III=0,01, pI-II=0,01, pII-III=0,01). Cieaeaiiy ??aiy AEO oa ii?iae?caoe?y eiai iieaciee?a aeacothoue ia aeoeaaoe?th i?ioean?a ieanoe/iiai a?aeiiaeaiiy oeaiei o ?ai?. Aeeiai?ea ci?ie e?eueeino? aeueaoi?i?a, aeiaoe?io b oa ANO aoea ianooo?aith. O eiio?ie? aeyaeaii noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??io ci?io eeoa iieacieea na/iaeie (p0-I<0,05). I?e?ia?ieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?aecia/aii aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy ?inoo eieii?e iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e, ui aeae?eaia c ai?noo ii?eoeaaeo oiae?a ai?eieo ?ai oai?eo, ye? iaea?aeoaaee IAII: ia 5, 7, 14 aeiao e?eoaaiiy a ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeieie aeaieie (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01 a?aeiia?aeii) ? i?ae 5-th oa 7-th aeiaith (pI-II<0,01). O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aeinoia??iiai ciaioaiiy ?inoo eieii?e i?e?ii?aai?ci?a o aecia/ai? /ane ia a?aecia/aii. A i?ioean? i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aea/aii neeaae iaoiaaiii? i?e?ioei?e, iaea?aeaii? ?c ai?noo ii?eoeaaeo oiae?a oa ?io?eiaaieo ?ai i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi. 96,4% eoeueoo? aoei a?aeianaii aei ?iaeo noao?eieie?a, inoaii? 1,8% neeaee anioe?aoe?? noao?eieie?a ? no?aioieie?a ? 1,8% - aaeoa??? ?iaeo Pseudomonas ? Proteus. 92% on?o aeae?eaieo noao?eieie?a ia ae?iaeyee ieaciieiaaoeace. 8% ee?i?/ieo ?cieyo?a (noao?eieie?a) ?aeaioeo?eoaaee ye S.aureus. I?e aea/aii? oa?iaio?a iaoiaaiiino? (ieaciieiaaoeace, eaoeeoeiace ? aaiie?ceio) aeyaeeiny, ui 25% i?e?ia?a ia ae?iaeyee aaiie?cei, 2,78% i?noeee a nia? anioe?aoe?th aaiie?oe/ieo ? iaaaiie?oe/ieo i?e?ia?a 21,74% iaeii/anii ae?iaeyee aaiie?cei, eaoeeoeiaco ? ieaciieiaaoeaco, 40,48% ae?iaeyee aaiie?cei ? ia neioacoaaee eaoeeoeiace ? ieaciieiaaoeace. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e o?ii?/iiio o?aaiaoe/iiio oa iaeiioiaaiiiio inoaii??e?o? ia?aaaaeathoue eiaaoeaciiaaaoeai? ? ia?aaaaeii no?ee? aei aioea?ioee?a noao?eieiee. Aecia/aiiy iaie aioea?ioeei?acenoaioieo ooai?a i?e?ia?a aei 11 i?aia?ao?a iieacaei, ui iaea?eueoa no?ee?noue noao?eieie?a aoea aei aaiceeiai?oeee?io (56,52%), ea?aai?oeee?io (39,13%). No?ee?noue aei 1 - 9 i?aia?ao?a niinoa??aaeanue o 82,61% eoeueoo?. Oeeoieia?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii ?aeaioe/i?noue ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo ?ai iaoe??io?a iaio ee?ii/ieo a?oi. I?ae /an aeei?enoaiiy IAII o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie a?aecia/aii, ui e?euee?noue iaeo?io?e?a aeinoia??ii ciaiooaaeany o ii??aiyii? c aeo?aeieie aeaieie (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III<0,01 ? p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01 a?aeiia?aeii), ui na?ae/eei i?i caanaiiy caiaeueii? ?aaeoe??. *enei iae?ioaa?a ca?eueooaaeiny (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01 ? p0-III=0,01, pI-II<0,01, pII-III=0,01). Iayai?noue ?o o ?ai? aoea aeia?ith iciaeith ? aeacoaaea ia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iaaaeaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy (A.I.Nieioeaa, A.A.Oeiio??a, 1989). C?inea e?euee?noue iiiioeeo?a oa oo/ieo ee?oei o ?ai? (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pI-II<0,05, pII-III=0,05 ? p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pI-II<0,01, pII-III =0,01 a?aeiia?aeii), ui aeaco? ia aeoeaaoe?th ?aoeeoei-aiaeioae?aeueii? nenoaie i?aai?cio (Ae.N.Na?e?nia ?c ni?aaao.,1990; A.A.Oeiio??a,1997). Aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pI-II<0,01). C?inoaei /enei ee?oei aiaeioae?th oa o?a?iaeano?a o ?ai? a ii??aiyii? c ?o aeo?aeiei ??aiai (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01 ? p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01 a?aeiia?aeii) ? i?aaaethaaiiy ee?oei o?a?iaeano?a o III ia??iae? o ii??aiyii? c II-i (pII-III=0,05). Iiyaa ? i?aaaethaaiiy o oeeoia?aiao oeeo ee?oei aeaco? ia ?aaaia?aoeaiee ia??iae o ?ai?. Aeey ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae i?enooi?noue ieaciaoe/ieo oa a?aaionueeeo aaaaoiyaea?ieo ee?oei. E?euee?niee ai?no ?o o ?ai? oa?aeoa?ecoaaany oaiaeaioe??th aei ca?eueoaiiy i?ae /an on?o ia??iae?a niinoa?aaeaiue (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pII-III=0,01 ? p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pII-III=0,05 a?aeiia?aeii). Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe ca?eueoaiiy /enea aaaaoiyaea?ieo ee?oei o II ia??iae? o ii??aiyii? c I-i (pI-II<0,01). Ia?aeaeueii c aec??aaiiyi a?aioeyoe?eii? oeaieie a?aeaoaaeany ai?oae?caoe?y iiaa?oi? ?aie. Iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? aeathoue i?aenoaao eiinoaooaaoe, ui o oai?eo, ye? iaea?aeoaaee o eiiieaen? e?eoaaiiy ae?aioaaiiy aaiiaai?oiiai iiey, a?aecia/aia iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea ai?oae?caoe?? ?aie i?ae /an on?o ia??iae?a niinoa?aaeaiue (p0-I<0,01, p0-II<0,01, p0-III=0,01, pI-II<0,01, pII-III=0,01). Oeeoieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ai o oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeyaeei aeinoia??io ??cieoeth a?aenioeiaeo ni?aa?aeiioaiue ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo o II oa, ia?aaaaeii, III ia??iaeao niinoa?aaeaiue. Oea a?aeiineoueny aei iaeo?io?e?a (p0-III=0,01, pII-III=0,01), aiceiio?e?a (p0-III=0,05, pI-II=0,05, pII-III=0,05), e?ioioeeo?a (pII-III=0,01), oo/ieo ee?oei (p0-III=0,01, pI-II =0,05, pII-III=0,05), iae?ioaa?a (p0-III=0,01, pII-III <0,05), o?a?iaeano?a (p0-III=0,01, pII-III=0,01), aaaaoiyaea?ieo ee?oei (p0-III=0,05, pI-II<0,05), ieaciaoe/ieo ee?oei (p0-II<0,05, p0-III<0,05, pI-II<0,05), aiaeioae?th (pII-III=0,01), aieoae?th (p0-III=0,01, pI-II=0,01, pII-III=0,01). ?iciiae?e a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi a caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?i?a niinoa?aaeaiue Oa?i?i niinoa?aaeaiue?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiyA?aei?ii?Aeia??caaeia?euei?iacaaeia?euei?OnueiaiA?eueoa 1/2 ?ieo---3(8)___3(8)__ 3,9(26,7)1 ??e156(1)2(1)1(1)___24(3)_ 31,2(10)2 ?iee139(4)7(5)1(2)__30(11)__ 38,9 (16,7)3 ?iee 3(1)4(1)(5)-__7(7)___ 9,1 (23,3)4 ?iee44--___8 ___ 10,45 ?ie?a41(1)-_5(1)___ 6,5 (3,3)Anueiai__39(1)_ 50,6 (3,3)_24(6)_ 31,2(20)9(12)_ 11,7 (40)5(11)_ 6,5 (36,7)__77 (30)__ 100(100) I?ei?oea: 1. A /enaeueieeo - e?euee?noue oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie (aac aeoaeie) ? eiio?ieueii? (a aeoaeeao), a ciaiaiieeo - e?euee?noue oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie o a?aenioeao (aac aeoaeie) ? eiio?ieueii? a?oie (a aeoaeeao). Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i i?eioeeiiai noiaeo caaaeueio aeeiai?eo i?ioeano a ?ai?. I?ioa, o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie, ye iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy, caai?iiy ?ai a?aeaoaaeiny o a?eueo ni?eyoeeaeo oiiaao, i?ae o iaoe??io?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aoei aea/aii iaeaeeae/? oa a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy a iaio e?eoaaeueieo a?oiao. Iaeaeeae/? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeeyaaee aiae?co iae?aco i?ney cae?i/aiiy eo?no canoinoaaiiy IAII a iniiai?e a?oi? aai caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai e?eoaaiiy o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?, a aeae? uii?ny/ii i?ioyaii inoaii?o 6 i?nyoe?a. C 85 oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie a?aei?ii? iaeaeeae/? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy iaea?aeaii o 41(48,2%), aeia?? - o 25(29,4%), caaeia?euei? - o 18(21,2%), iacaaeia?eueiee – o 1(1,2%) iaoe??io?a. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? c 34 oai?eo a?aei?ii? iaeaeeae/? ?acoeueoaoe a?aecia/aii o 3(8,8%), aeia?? - o 6(17,6%), caaeia?euei? - o 15(44,1%), iacaaeia?euei? - o 10(29,5%). A oe?eiio, iaeaeeae/? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe neeaee 98,8% a iniiai?e ? 70,5% - o eiio?ieuei?e. A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy aea/aii o 77(90,6%) iaoe??io?a iniiaii? oa o 30(88,2%) oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oi oa?i?iii a?ae 6 i?nyoe?a aei 5 ?ie?a iaoiaeii iieooaaiiy oa iaeyaeo iaoe??io?a aai i?iaaaeaiiyi aieaooaaiiy. A?aei?ii? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie aoei iaea?aeaii o 39(50,6%), aeia?? - 24(31,2%), caaeia?euei? - o 9(11,7%), iacaaeia?euei? - o 5(6,5%). O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?aei?iiei ?acoeueoaoe a?aecia/aii o 1(3,3%), aeia?? – o 6(20%), caaeia?euei? - o 12(40%), iacaaeia?euei? - o 11(36,7%) iaoe??io?a. A oe?eiio, a?aeaeaeai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe a iniiai?e a?oi? neeaee 93,5%, o eiio?ieuei?e - 63,3%. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieythoue iai c?iaeoe ?yae aeniiae?a. AENIIAEE 1. Aaiiaai?oia iiea ye i?e?iaeiee o?ce/iee oaeoi?, iai?oaeai?noue eio?iai ciaioaia ~ a 4 ?ace, yeee canoiniao?oueny a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie, cae?enith? i?eai?/oth/ee (aaeoa??inoaoe/iee) aoaeo ia iaoiaaiio i?e?ioei?o ?ai oa ii?eoeue, noeioeyoe?th iai?iieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? iaoe??io?a. 2. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie i?eno??e caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy aaiiaai?oiiai iiey a cii? o?aaeaiiy ieaeiuei? uaeaie c iaea?aeaiiyi ?iaeoeoe?? AII~0,125o10-4Oe ueyoii eieaeueiiai ae?aioaaiiy aaiiaai?oiiai iiey. 3. Iineaaeaia aaiiaai?oia iiea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiei c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie o noaae?? caaino?aiiy aai ?ai?n?? i?e a?aenooiino? oaeeo i?ioeiieacaiue: iieieia?/i? caoai?thaaiiy, e?iaioa/a aai caa?ica ?? aeieeiaiiy, aeaeiiiainiaaiee noai aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oa nenoai, aino?? ii?ooaiiy ineoi-iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoooo, aaa?oi?noue. 4. Ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ee?i?/ieo, aaiaoieia?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo, i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo oa oeeoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo o oai?eo iniiaii? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi, na?ae/aoue i?i aaeoa??inoaoe/io ae?th iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey ia iaoiaaiio i?e?ioei?o ?io?eiaaieo ?ai oa ii?eoeue, ui ia? aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy i?e aenie?e aioea?ioeei?acenoaioiino? inoaiiuei?, a oaeiae i?i ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio, iia?e?caoe?th aia?aaoe/ieo ? ieanoe/ieo ?ano?n?a ia 5-?e, 7-?e, 14-?e aeia? i?ney ii/aoeo eieaeueii? ae?? IAII o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee o?aaiaoe/iee oa iaeiioiaaiiee inoaii??e?o ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo eieaeueiiai ae?aioaaiiy AII aecia/aii iaea?aeaiiyi iaeaeeae/eo iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o 98,8% oai?eo, a?aeaeaeaieo - o 93,5% iaoe??io?a. 5. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaie iaoiaeeea canoinoaaiiy /anoeiaiai ae?aioaaiiy aaiiaai?oiiai iiey c e?eoaaeueiith iaoith i?inoa e c?o/ia aeey aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoeoe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y. Ia?ae?e iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Aac?oeia N.A., Eeoaeiia A.A., Ouoeaae/ E.A., Iuoae A.E., Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Aicaeaenoaea ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey ia iaoiaaiiua iee?ii?aaieciu in vitro aieueiuo n o?iie/aneei o?aaiaoe/aneei inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe e eiia/iinoae// O?oaeu E?uineiai iaaeeoeeineiai einoeoooa “I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey”.-Neioa?iiieue,1995.-Oii 131.- N.306-308. 2. Aac?oeia N.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A., Ouoeaae/ E.A., Eeoaeiiaa A.A. Aeeyiea ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey ia ninoaa iaoiaaiiie iee?ioei?u eioeoee?iaaiiuo ?ai o aieueiuo n o?iie/aneei o?aaiaoe/aneei e iaeiioiaaiiui inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe// A?niee noiiaoieia??,1995.- ?4.-N.262-264. 3. Iaua?yeiaa A.A., Aac?oeia N.A., Eeoaeiia A.A., Ouoeaae/ E.A. Iniiaiua iieacaiey e yooaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee o?iie/aneiai iaeiioiaaiiiai e o?aaiaoe/aneiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe// Aanoiee oeceioa?aiee e eo?i?oieiaee,1996.-?2.-N.39-41. 4. Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Ineaaeaiiia aaiiaaieoiia iiea a eiiieaena ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai o?aaiaoe/aneiai e iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe// O?oaeu E?uineiai iaaeeoeeineiai einoeoooa “I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey”.-Neioa?iiieue,1996.-Oii 132.-/anoue 1.-N.155-160. 5. Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Ea/aiea o?iie/aneiai o?aaiaoe/aneiai e iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaiieaeeoia ieaeiae /aethnoe aeiiaaiiaaieoiui iieai//A?niee noiiaoieia??,1997.-?4.-N.578-580. 6. Eeoaeiia A.A., Aac?oeia N.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Iiuo i?eiaiaiey ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey a ea/aiee ino?ie e o?iie/aneie oe?o?ae/aneie eioaeoeee//Aanoiee oe?o?aee ei.E.E.A?aeiaa,1996.-?1.-N.77-78. 7. Aac?oeia N.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Ineaaeaiiia iaaieoiia iiea a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee oe?o?ae/aneie eioaeoeee o noiiaoieiae/aneeo aieueiuo// Acta Evpatorica.-Aaiaoi?ey,1994.-VII.-N. 70-71. 8. Aac?oeia N.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A., Aaeieo?aiei A.I., *eie?e/eeia I.E. Aeeaeaeoea ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey aieueiuo n oe?o?ae/aneie eioaeoeeae a /aethnoii-eeoeaaie iaeanoe n eniieueciaaieai ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey// Acta Evpatorica.- Aaiaoi?ey,1995.-VIII.-N.73-74. 9. Aac?oeia N.A., Eeoaeiia A.A., Iaua?yeia A.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A. E aii?ino eniieueciaaiey ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey a ea/aiee aieueiuo n oe?o?ae/aneie eioaeoeeae// Aii?inu eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu. Iaoa?eaeu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee oe?o?aia, iinayuaiiie 100-eaoiaio thaeeath i?ioanni?a A.E.Caoa?iaa.-Neioa?iiieue,1997.-N.-28-29. 10. Ouoeaae/ E.A., Na?a/ai O.A., Iaua?yeiaa A.A., Eeoaeiia A.A. ?ieue eiaaoeaciio?eoeaoaeueiuo noaoeeieieeia a ?acaeoee o?iie/aneeo o?aaiaoe/aneeo inoaiieaeeoia /aethnoii-eeoeaaie iaeanoe// Eaeae E.E.Ia/ieeiaa e ?acaeoea nia?aiaiiiai anoanoaiciaiey. Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee.- Oa?ueeia,1995.-N.314-315. AIIOAOe?ss I?ua?yeiaa I.A. Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai o?aaiaoe/iiai oa iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie c aeei?enoaiiyi iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.22 - noiiaoieia?y.- Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iieoaaa, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiith eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai o?aaiaoe/iiai oa iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaii??e?oo c aeei?enoaiiyi iineaaeaiiai aaiiaai?oiiai iiey (IAII). Aia?oa o noiiaoieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? canoiniaaii IAII ?iaeoeoe?? 0,125o10-4Oe ye e?eoaaeueiee cao?ae. ?ic?iaeaii i?eeaae, yeee caaacia/o? /anoeiaa ae?aioaaiiy aaiiaai?oiiai iiey a iaeano? ina?aaeea inoaii??e?oo ieaeiuei? uaeaie. Canoinoaaiiy IAII ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith e?eoaaeueiiai aoaeoo a noaae?? caaino?aiiy oa ?ai?n??. ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy (iaeaeeae/? - 98,8%, a?aeaeaeai? - 93,5%) e aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iiceoeaiee aieea IAII ia aeeiai?eo caiaeueiiai i?ioeano a ?ai? ? ia aanue i?aai?ci iaoe??ioa a oe?eiio, ? iiaeooue neoaeeoe i?aenoaaith aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaie a e?eoaaeueieo caeeaaeao. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?ii?/iee inoaii??e?o, ieaeiy uaeaia, eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy, iineaaeaia aaiiaai?oia iiea, e?eoaaeueiee oaeoi?. AIIIOAOeEss Iaua?yeiaa A.A. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea o?iie/aneiai o?aaiaoe/aneiai e iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe n eniieueciaaieai ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.22 - noiiaoieiaey.- Oe?aeineay iaaeeoeeineay noiiaoieiae/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iieoaaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino eiiieaeniiai ea/aiey o?iie/aneiai o?aaiaoe/aneiai e iaeiioiaaiiiai inoaiieaeeoa ieaeiae /aethnoe n eniieueciaaieai ineaaeaiiiai aaiiaaieoiiai iiey (IAII). Aia?aua a noiiaoieiae/aneie i?aeoeea i?eiaiaii IAII eiaeoeoeee 0,125o10-4Oe a ea/anoaa ea/aaiiai oaeoi?a. ?ac?aaioaii ono?ienoai, iaania/eaathuaa /anoe/iia ye?aie?iaaiea aaiiaaieoiiai iiey a ciia inoaiieaeeoe/aneiai i/aaa ieaeiae /aethnoe. Ono?ienoai, auiieiaiiia ec iaoa?eaea n aunieie iaaieoiie i?iieoeaaiinoueth, iicaieyao aeinoe/ue nieaeaiey aaiiaaieoiiai iiey aioo?e iaai ~ a 4 ?aca. I?aaeeiaeaia oaeoeea eniieueciaaiey IAII a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aieueiuo auoaoeacaiiie iaoieiaee a noaaeee iaino?aiey e ?aiennee. IAII iiaeao auoue i?eiaiaii a i?aaeiia?aoeeiiiii, iineaiia?aoeeiiiii, a oaeaea a i?aae- e iineaiia?aoeeiiiii ia?eiaeao caaieaaaiey. I?ioeaiiieacaieyie e i?iaaaeaieth aeiiaaiiaaieoioa?aiee yaeythony iieieiae/aneea caaieaaaiey, e?iaioa/aiea eee oa?ica aai aicieeiiaaiey, aeaeiiiaine?iaaiiua ninoiyiey aioo?aiieo i?aaiia e nenoai, ino?ua ia?ooaiey ineoi-iaa?ieiae/aneiai noaoona, aa?aiaiiinoue. I?iaaaeaiu eeeie/aneea, aaiaoieiae/aneea, aeioeie/aneea, iee?iaeieiae/aneea e oeeoieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. Iiae iaaethaeaieai iaoiaeeeinue 119 aieueiuo. 85 iaoeeaioia, iieo/aaoeo IAII, ninoaaeee iniiaioth a?oiio, 34 - eiio?ieueioth. Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea ninoiyei ec oe?o?ae/aneiai ea/aiey (ane?uoea aanoeanna eee oeaaiiiu, naeaano?yeoiiey), iaaeeeaiaioiciie e oeceioa?aiee, EOE. Aaeeinoaaiiie ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth ea/aiey aieueiuo iniiaiie a?oiiu auei eniieueciaaiea eieaeueiiai ye?aie?iaaiey AII aianoi oeceii?ioeaaeo?. O aieueiuo iniiaiie a?oiiu a oiaea i?iaiaeeiie aeiiaaiiaaieoioa?aiee ?acaeaathony nouanoaaiiua aeeiaie/aneea eciaiaiey a oi?ioea e?iae, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea ia oiaiueoaiee iauae ainiaeeoaeueiie ?aaeoeee, ioia/aia iieiaeeoaeueiay aeeiaieea aeioeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae o yoeo aieueiuo, /oi oaeaea naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaei i iiaeeecaoeee a i?aaiecia yia?aaoe/aneeo e ieanoe/aneeo ?ano?nia. Iee?iaeieiae/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie auyaeaii, /oi iee?ioei?a niaea?aeeiiai ?ai e naeuae iaoeeaioia n o?iie/aneei o?aaiaoe/aneei e iaeiioiaaiiui inoaiieaeeoii ieaeiae /aethnoe a iaaeo eeeie/aneeo a?oiiao i?aaenoaaeaia eaeaioe/iui eiee/anoaaiiui e ea/anoaaiiui ninoaaii. Onoaiiaeai aaeoa?einoaoe/aneee yooaeo aeeyiey IAII ia iaoiaaiioth iee?ioei?o ?ai o aieueiuo iniiaiie a?oiiu. O iaoeeaioia, iieo/aaoeo a eiiieaena ea/aiey IAII, caaeeaeaiea ?ai i?ienoiaeeei a aieaa aeaaii?eyoiuo oneiaeyo, iaaeaee o aieueiuo eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu. Eniieueciaaiea IAII niinianoaoao iiauoaieth ea/aaiiai yooaeoa a noaaeee iaino?aiey caaieaaaiey e ?aiennee. ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey (a iniiaiie a?oiia aieueiuo aeeaeaeoea - 98,8%, ioaeaeaiiua - 93,5%, a eiio?iea - 70,5%, 63,3% niioaaonoaaiii ) e enneaaeiaaiee iiaeoaa?aeaeatho iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea IAII ia oa/aiea ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a ?aia e ia aanue i?aaieci iaoeeaioa a oeaeii, e iiaoo neoaeeoue iniiaaieai aeey i?aeoe/aneiai i?eiaiaiey ?ac?aaioie a ea/aaiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iie/aneee inoaiieaeeo, ieaeiyy /aethnoue, eiiieaeniia ea/aiea, ineaaeaiiia aaiiaaieoiia iiea, ea/aaiue oaeoi?. SUMMARY Meshcheryakova E.G. Complex Treatment of Chronic Traumatologic and Odontogenous Osteomyelitis of Mandible Using Weakened Geomagnetic Field.-Manuscript. Dissertation for competition of scientific degree of candidate of Medical sciences on speciality 14.01.22 - stomatology. Ukraine Medical Stomatology Academy, Poltava 1999. Thesis is devoted to complex treatment of chronic traumatologic and odontogenous osteomyelitis with the usage of weakened geomagnetic field (WGIF). For the first time in stomatological practice WGMF of 0,125x10-4Tl induction is used as medical factor. The device providing partial shielding of geomagnetic field in the zone of osteomyelitic focus of madible was worked out. The usage of WGMF promotes increase of medical effect at the stage of exacerbation of disease and remission. The results of treatment (immediate - 98,8%, distant - 93,5%) and investigations prove the positive influence of WGMF on the course of organism in all and may serve as a base fore practical use of this method in medical institutions. Key words: chronic osteomyelitis, mandible, complex treatment, weakend geomagnetic field, medical factor.

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