I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEA IAAeE*IA NOIIAOIEIA?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE: 616.314-089.23.+616.716.8

EO?I?AeIAA A??A AeIEO??AIA

EIIIEAENIA IOe?IEA OAI?IAE «COAIUAEAIIA AIIIAE?ss»

OA I?IAIIC E?EOAAIIss I?OIAeIIOE*IEO IAOe??IO?A

14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iieoaaa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e iaaee/i?e noiiaoieia?/i?e aeaaeai??
(?aeoi? — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ?
oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie I.N.Ne?eii?eia).

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?y Iao??aia A?eai?’?aa;

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaea??e Iao?iae/ Iani?yaeueei,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. aeaaeai?ea I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

— caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaea??e ?na?ae/ Eooeaaeye, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith noiiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo ? aeeoy/i? uaeaiiieeoeaai?
o??o?a?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo IIC Oe?a?ie;

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iao?i Naiaiiae/ Oe?n, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith i?iiaaeaaoeee i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? oa i?oiaeiio??
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. aeaaeaieea I.I.Aiaiiieueoey
IIC Oe?a?ie;

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Ethaeieea Iao??aia Coaeiaa, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
caaaeueii? noiiaoieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaiiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo IIC
Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao
IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a noiiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.41.601.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaaee/i?e noiiaoieia?/i?e aeaaeai?? (314024, i.Iieoaaa, aoe.Oaa/aiea,
23).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith: i.Iieoaaa, aoe.
Oaa/aiea,23.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_____» _______________ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.A.Aieiaei.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oai?iaa «coaiuaeaiia aiiiae?y» (CUA) — ianiaa yaeua
a aoaeue-yeiio a?oe? ?icaeoeo ethaeeie i neeaaea? ca aeaieie aio/eciyieo
oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a aei 78-81% aiae /enea ianoaaeaieo
(I.A.Oaeiaeoeueea oa ii., 1985; O.A.Oa?iaa, 1996; Willershausen B.,
1998). sse i?aee?aneth? Ieooei A.?. (1971), c na?aaeeie OO noi??//y
iioe?ai?noue CUA c?inea c 5% aei 20% ? aeinyaa? o iao? aei? 76-81%,
oiaoi iaeaea eiaeia o?aoy aeeoeia ia? ii?ooaiiy o aoaeia?
coai-uaeaiii-eeoeaai? ae?eyiee, ui ?iaeoue i?oiaeiio?th i?iaeaiith
nioe?aeueii? cia/ouino?, oa aeiaaa? caa?iooe oaaao ia i?iaeaio ye?nii?
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oai?iae CUA oa i?iaiic e?eoaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/ieo
iaoe??io?a.

Aei iniaeeainoae aio/eciyii? i?oiaeiioi? neiae aiaeianoe iiaeyae ia CUA
c iiceoeie ca’yceo ci ciiiaie o oeieiio i?aaiicii (E.I.Aa?iiiaa, 1975;
I.A.Aieiaei, 1985; E.N.Ia?nii, 1995; O.ss.Oi?ioeeeiia, 1995; E.I.
A?eai?’?aa, 1995; E.I.Coaeiaa, 1998), oiio aecia/aiiy CUA ye oai?iae ?
iaaiei iaaooeii aio/eciyii? i?oiaeiioi? (I.A.Aooai, 1990). Iaee?aui
o?aaeeoei?, yei aoee caeeaaeaii caniiaieeaie iniiaieo oeie i?oiaeiioi?
oa ni?yiiaai? ia i?io?eaeoeeo, iei? iaeaea ao?a/ai? (I.?. Aaoaeueiai oa
ii., 1965; E.A. O?aeiaia 1975; O.ss.Oi?ioeeeiia, 1974; E.I.A?eai?’?aa,
1991).

Iaoeiaee aeoeaio na?oiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue a i?oiaeiioi? ca inoaiii 5-8
?ieia iaaoa oa?aeoa?o oaoiieiaicaoei? ia aaci iaciiiieo aeoaiaeo
i?oiaeiioe/ieo eiino?oeoeie, yei iioe?eee iiaeeeainoi i?aeoe/ii?
i?oiaeiioi? oa cia/ii nei?ioeee oa?iii i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy
(A.A.Iniaiiaa, 1997; I.N.Oein, N.I.Aei?ioaiei oa ii., 1998;
I.I.Iie?ianueeee oa ii., 1998, Alexander R.G., 1996), aea a oiii
caeeoa?oueny iniaenoinoue oai?iai (I.O.Iaeneiaiei, E.A. A?eai?’?aa,
1996). A aeinyaiaii? eiioeaaiai ?acoeueoaoo iaaee/ii? i?oiaeiioe/ii?
aeiiiiiae, icaei?iaeaii? oai?i? ethaeeie, a ia oieueee aiaeiiaeaii?
ii?oieiai? oa ooieoei? coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie, iniiaia iinoea caeiathoue
i?iaeaie ineoieiai? (Sergl H.G. oa ii., 1987,1989,1995).

Iaeaieiaiioi iniaeeainoi i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy — eiai
aeiaaio?eaaeinoue (O.ss.Oi?ioeeeiia, 1986, E.I.A?eai?’?aa, 1984) oa
iaiaoiaeiinoue ?aoaioeieiiai ia?iiaeo (E.N.Ia?n?i, 1995; A.A.Iniaiiaa,
oa ii., 1997) i?ecaiaeyoue aei iaaaaeaiiai yaeua — i?eieiaiiy
i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy (A.A.Oeeiaa, 1971, 1972; Bredy E. oa ii.,
1988; Caltabiano M. oa ii., 1989). Uiaei eiai i?e/eie oi/ea ci?o
aeineiaeieeia cia/ii ?icoiaeyoueny. A.A.Oeeiaa (1971,1972) i?e/eiith
i?eieiaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy aaaaeaea iaaeenoeeieiiiaaiinoue
aeioae oa iac?o/iinoue i aieue i?e ei?enooaaiii i?oiaeiioe/iei aia?aoii
ye aeiaeaoeiaei iiae?acithaa/ai iinoieii? aeiaaio?eaaei? aei?. O
ca?oaiaeiie eioa?aoo?i iioee iiaeyae ia oeth na?eicio i?iaeaio, aea
aieiaieie aeaeieaii ineoieiai/ii aniaeoe (Erbring C. oa ii., 1988;
Rozencweig S., 1991; Brattstrom V oa ?i., 1991; Patel V., 1992). O
aio/eciyiie i?oiaeiioi? oea ieoaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia aea/aeiny (I.A.Iaiaaeia
oa ?i., 1984).

O i?iaeaii oai?iae CUA aaiaoe/iee, aiieiai/iee oa ineoieiai/iee aniaeoe
iiaiinoth aai iaaeinoaoiuei iienaii o na?oia?e eioa?aoo?i, oiae? ye aiie
? aeiaaeueieie aeey aecia/aiiy i?iaiico i aeai?o i?aaeeueiiai iaoiaeo
eieoaaiiy.

O iao /an aeiaaaeaii, ui oiiaith ?inoo iaee//y i /a?aia ? ii?aeiaiiy
aaiiiieo i aiiaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi?ia (M.L.Moss, 1981). Aaiaoe/ii
iaoiiaeaiee ?ino einoie iaee//y iaei iiaeaea?oueny i?oiaeiioe/iiio
eieoaaiith (O.A.Eaeaiea?ia oa ?i., 1981), oiio i?oiaeiioe/ii caoiaee
iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aiiaaiaoe/ia ao?o/aiiy. O eioa?aoo?i
cono?i/athoueny noia?a/eeai aiaeiiinoi c oei?? i?iaeaie. Oae,
R.S.Corruccini i R.N.Potter (1980) ia aiaecia/athoue aaeeei? ?iei
niaaeeiaeo oaeoi?ia o ?icaeoeo aiiiaeie i?eeono o aeecitheia, a
N.I.THaeaieiaa (1989), iaaiaee, iaea?aeaea aeaii i?i aenieee nooiiiue
noiaeinoi CUA o ieo.

Ieoaiiy iniaeeainoae iioiaaiaco o iaoei?ioia ?c CUA o naioiaie
i?oiaeiioi? ia ?icaeyaeaeiny. O aeayeeo aaeocyo iaaeeoeeie i aiieiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?icieo aoaiia iioiaaiaco aecia/athoue ca aiieiai/iei
aieii (O.Ao?eue??, 1971; O.E.Aeoaeia, A.I.?acoiiae/, 1975; I.Oie, 1980;
A.?en, 1981; A.I.Aieoaiei, oa ii., 1984; O.E.Ethaeaea, 1984;
A.A.Oiea?ue, oa ?i., 1969; 1988), yeee aiaeaeaa? iniaeeainoi iioiaaiaco
aieueoa, iiae o?iiieiai/iee (A.A.O?ieueein, 1975,1984).

Iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii aniaeoe o ai?ioueai c aeeoy/eie
oeiaeeeaeie cae/eaie ye «iaa?ieiai/ieie cae/ieie aeiyie» (A.A?oea oa
?i., 1967; E.I.A?aeiaa, 1970), yei ? aoiieiai/iei oaeoi?ii o aeieeiaiii
CUA.

Iaaeineiaeaeaieie caeeoathoueny ieoaiiy noa’?eoeaieo ia?aaeeaaiue
iaoei?io?a, noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa, eieoaaiiy oa eiai
ia?niaeoea, iayaieo o ieo ii?ooaiue i?eeono ia ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee
ioeiiee aioo?ioiuei? ea?oeie oai?iae (AEO) CUA.

A inoaiii ?iee o noiiaoieiai? noaa aeyaeyoeny iioa?an aei i?iaiicoaaiiy:
i?iaiicoaaiiy aiaee?eoiai i?eeono (E.A.?acoiianueeee, 1988), i?iaiic
aeieeiaiiy i ?icaeoeo CUA (E.A.Eaii?nueea, 1993), i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiaaaeiiee aeioae iiae /an eieoaaiiy coaia (I.I. Nieia’eia, 1982, 1995).
Iiaeaeno i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy iaie o
naioiaie eioa?aoo?i ia ciaeaeaii.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii?
?iaioe noaee o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie OINA: «Iaoaiicie
iioeiaeaeaiiy coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie, ?acenoaioiinoue i?aaiicio i
iaa?oiooaaiiy caniaia i?ioieaeoeee, oa?aii? i ?aaaieioaoei? iniiaieo
noiiaoieiai/ieo caoai?thaaiue (aea?aeaaiee ?a?no?aoeaiee N0197U018550
a?ae 22.O??.1997 ?.).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaea eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee oai?iae
«coaiuaeaiia aiiiae?y» ? noai?aiiy aeni?an-iaoiaeeee i?iaiico ia?niaeoea
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. 1. Aeyaeoe noai caa?iaiiy ianaeaiiy ca
i?oiaeiioe/iith aeiiiiiaith oa i?eieiaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

2. Aecia/eoe iioe?ai?noue oai?iae CUA na?aae ae?oae 1,5 — 5 ?ie?a,
ca’cie ?c oe?aeeeaeie aeeoy/eie cae/eaie oa iniaeeaino? aeeniaina?ii?
?iaioe o oeueiio a?oe?.

3. Ioe?ieoe aieea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy ia noaaeaiiy oai?eo ?c CUA
aei e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa, o i?oiaeiioa, aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa
oa ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai ao?o/aiiy.

4. Ioe?ieoe n?iaeio niaaeeia?noue iniiaieo ii?ooaiue i?eeono o
i?iaaiae?a oa ?oi?o aaouee?a, aeyaeaoe cia/aiiy na?aaeiaeuieo ?
niaaeeiaeo oaeoi??a o aeieeiaii? CUA.

5. Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? iioiaaiaco o iaoe??io?a ?c oai?iaith CUA oa
aieea ia iueiai i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

6. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee ioe?iee aioo??oiuei? ea?oeie oai?iae CUA oa aeyaeoe
?? iicieia?/io niaoeeo?eo.

7. Aeae?eeoe caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy AEO o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA.

8. Aeyaeoe aieea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ?c CUA ia ni?eeiyooy
anoaoeee iaee//y.

9. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
aei eiai ii/aoeo oa eiie?aoi? oeyoe ineoiei?aeoe?? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe??
oai?eo ?c CUA.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe.

1. Ioe?iaii noai caa?iaiiy ianaeaiiy ca i?oiaeiioe/iith aeiiiiiaith oa
i?eieiaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

2. Aecia/aia iioe?ai?noue oai?iae CUA na?aae ae?oae 1,5-5 ?ie?a, ca’ycie
?c oe?aeeeaeie aeeoy/eie cae/eaie oa iniaeeaino? aeeniaina?ii? ?iaioe o
oeueiio a?oe?.

3. Oia?oa aecia/aia a?ieia?/ia noeeuei?noue aei oai?iae CUA ia ??ai?
ee?oeiiiai iioaioe?aeo oa aeyaeaii aeeciioiaaiaoe/iee oei ?icaeoeo
i?aai?cio i?e oeueiio caoai?thaaii?.

4. Ioe?iaii n?iaeio niaaeeia?noue iniiaieo ii?ooaiue i?eeono oa cia/aiiy
niaaeeiaeo ? na?aaeiaeuieo oaeoi??a o aeieeiaii? oai?iae CUA .

5. Oia?oa aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? AEO oa caaaeuei? e ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?,
iicieia?/i? ? a?eia? ineoieia?/i? ?? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy o oai?eo
?c CUA.

6. Aeiaaaeai? iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? oa i?aeiniaenoeo noinoie?a
o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA.

7. Onoaiiaeaii niaoeeo?eo aiioe?eiiai ?aaaoaaiiy iaoe??io?a ?c CUA ia
i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy oa eiai ia?niaeoeae, ei?enooaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iei
aia?aoii.

8. Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue nooiaiy iioeaaoe?? aei e?eoaaiiy a?ae a?eo
oai?eo ? iineeaiiy ?? ca aeiiiiiaith ineoiei?eaoth/eo caoiae?a.

9. Oia?oa noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ioe?iee ineoieia?/ii? aioiaiino?
iaoe??ioa aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aei eiai ii/aoeo /a?ac
aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno AIE.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

— ?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?e aeyaeaii? n?iaeii-aaiaoe/ii? niaaeeiaino? aiiiae?e
i?eeono eiiieaenia i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy o ?aiiueiio a?oe?.

— I?aaenoaaeaii eiie?aoi? iaoiaee caiia?aaiiy ia?a?eaaiith
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy /a?ac i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? iaoe??io?a.

— ?ic?iaeaii eiie?aoi? iieacaiiy ? caoiaee aeey o/ano? ineoieiaa a
?iaio? c iaoe??ioaie ??ciiai a?eo, iniaeeai aeey ai?ioueae c aeeoy/eie
oe?aeeeaeie cae/eaie.

— ?ice?eoi oa ?ic?iaeaii iia? aniaeoe oai?iae CUA, iaoiaee ioe?iee ??
AEO, eio?? aeicaieythoue aea?aoe eiie?aoiee oa?i?i ii/aoeo
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

— ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey oe?ieiai i?aeoe/iiai ao?eaiiy iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy
ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aei eiai ii/aoeo /a?ac ?iaeaen AIE.

— Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aeyaeaii
iaiao?aei?noue ni?eueii? ?iaioe e?ea?y-i?oiaeiioa ? iaaee/iiai ineoieiaa
ye c ae?oueie, oae ? c aaoueeaie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei
iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi. ?iaioa i?iaaaeaia ia aac? ee?i?ee eaoaae?e
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? c eo?nii i?oiaeiio?? oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a,
OeIAeE oa ineoiae?aaiinoe/ii? eaai?aoi??? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? (caa. – e.in.i. N?aeeo E.A.), eaoaae?e oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? eaai?aoi??? aaiaoeee oa oeeoieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoo (caa. – aeaae. Oaoaacia A.A.).

Naiino?eii i?iaaaeai?: 1) ioe?iea caa?iaiiy ianaeaiiy ca i?oiaeiioe/iith
aeiiiiiaith oa i?eieiaiiy e?eoaaiiy ia 1063 iaoe??ioao; 2) eiiieaenia
ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy 1737 iaoe??io?a ?c oai?iaith CUA; 3) eiiieaenia
e?eoaaiiy oe?aeeeaeo cae/ie o 171 aeeoeie; 4) ioe?iea a?ieia?/iiai a?eo
ia 740 iaoe??ioao; 5) n?iaeii-aaiaoe/iee aiae?c 570 iaoe??io?a; 6)
eiiieaen ineoieia?/ieo iaoiaeee ia 256 iaoe??ioao ?c CUA.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aoee
aeeeaaeaii ia VI c’?caei noiiaoieiaia Oe?a?inueei? ?N? (Iieoaaa, 1984
?.), ia VII c’?caei noiiaoieiaia Oe?a?inueei? ?N? (Eueaia, 1989 ?.), ia
16-iio Eiia?ani noiiaoieiaia (Aieaa?iy, 1992 ?.), ia ia?aaei-naiiia?i
aeeoy/eo ineoiao?ia Oe?a?ie (Oa?eia, 1994 ?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie
eiioa?aioei? aeeoy/eo noiiaoieiaia oa i?oiaeiioia Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1995
?.), ia ?anioaeieainueeie ia?aaei-naiiia?i aeeoy/eo ineoiao?ia Oe?a?ie
(Oa?eia, 1995 ?.), ?anioaeieainueeie eiioa?aioei? noiiaoieiaia (Iaeana,
1995 ?.), ia 1 oa 2 c’?caeao i?oiaeiioia ?ini? (Iineaa, 1994,1995), ia
1-e Ana?inienueeie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? (Iineaa, 1997 ?.), ia
eiioa?aioei? Anioeiaoei? i?oiaeiioia ?ini? (Iineaa, 1998 ?.), ia
?anioaeieainueeie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? (Iieoaaa, 1998 ?.), ia
ieaioii Anioeiaoei? noiiaoieiaia Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1998 ?.), ia 74-io
?a?iiaenueeiio eiia?ani i?oiaeiioia oa 71-io Eiia?ani i?oiaeiioia
Iiia//eie (Iaeioe, 1998 ?.) ?V c’?cae? i?oiaeiio?a (?in?y, 1999 ?.).

Ioaeieaoei? oa iioi oi?ie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aiaeia?aaeaii o 58 iaoeiaeo ioaeieaoeiyo. ?c ieo
23 naiino?ei?, iiiia?ao?y (255 n.), 18 noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 13
c ieo o aeo?iaeao, e?oeaiciaaieo AAE, 5 o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeo?iaeao
aea?aeaa NIAe, 3 o cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 28 oac. Iaea?aeaii 3
iaoaioe Oe?a?ie.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii o eeiii/io i?aeoeeo
eieoaaeueieo caeeaaeia i. Iieoaae i iaeanoi, AeEE 4 AEiaoiaaiai ?aeiio
i.Ee?aa, a?aeae?eaiiy noiiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo oa i?oiaeiio?? IIAe?
noiiaoieia??, ia eaoaae?ao oaeineiiaeaiiy eiea?ia
i?oiiaaeia-noiiaoieiaia oa i?oiaeiioia, i?iiaaeaaoeee i?oiiaaee/ii?
noiiaoieiai? oa i?oiaeiioi? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieiai/ii?
aeaaeaii? (i.Iieoaaa), eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieiai?
oa i?oiaeiioi? Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, eaoaae?e
oeeoieiai? oa aaiaoeee Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo, eaoaae?e
noiiaoieiai? aeeoy/iai aieo Eueaianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo ii.
Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai, eaoaae?e aeeoy/i? noiiaoieia?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. I.?.Ie?iaiaa, eaoaae?e oa?aiaaoe/ii? noiiaoieiai? c eo?nii aeeoy/i?
noiiaoieiai? EIAII, eaoaae?e i?oiaeiioi? oa aeeoy/iai i?ioacoaaiiy
Iineianueeiai iaaee/iiai noiiaoieiai/iiai iinoeoooo, eaoaae?e
noiiaoieiai? aeeoy/iai aieo Aca?aaeaeaeainueeiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo
ii. I. Ia?eiaiiaa, eaoaae?e noiiaoieiai? aeeoy/iai aieo Eeoeiianueeiai
aea?ae. iaaee/iiai i oa?iaoeaaoe/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, a
I?eaeiino?ianueeiio aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoi.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 299 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno
ia’?eo?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, ia? 81 oaaeeoeth, 20 ?enoie?a. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie
i?noeoue 489 aeaea?ae, ?c ieo 296 a?o/eciyieo oa 193 ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eo oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy
i?iaaaeaii ia 1737 iaoe??ioao ?c oai?iaith CUA. Aaaaoii?io?eueiee
aiae?c: ee?i?/iee, aaiaoe/iee, a?ieia?/iee, ineoieia?/iee i?iaaaeaiee ia
1566 iaoe??ioao ?c CUA a?eii a?ae 6 aei 30 ?ie?a oa 171 ae?oei? a?eii
a?ae 1,5 aei 5 ?ie?a ii 4 a?eiaeo a?oiao: 1 a?. — 125 ae?oae (6-8
?ie?a); 2 a?. — 705 ae?oae (9-13 ?ie?a); 3 a?. — 454 i?aee?oee (14-18
?ie?a); 4 a?. — 282 aei?ine? (noa?oa 18 ?ie?a). A?oio A neeaee ae?oe
a?ae 1,5 aei 5 ?ie?a — 171 aeeoeia.

Aecia/aeany caeaaei?noue a?ae noao?, aeaeo i?eeono, i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy,
ia ii/aoeo ? a aeeiai?oe? i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy oa a?ae aeaeo
i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa a?eiaeo
iniaeeainoae o?ce/iiai oa ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Aea/aee oei n?iaeiiai
aeoiaaiiy, ?iaeeiieo aca?iia?aeiinei.

I?oiaeiioe/iee ae?aaiic neeaaeaany c oa?aeoa?enoeee anoaoe/ieo,
ii?oieia?/ieo oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie (ca
eeaneo?eaoe??th Aiaey).

A?iiao?e/ia ae?aaiinoeea i?e aea/aii? EAeI i?iaiaeeeany ca iaoiaeaie
Pont, Linder-Harth, Gerlach, Korknaus, Niaa?i?e, Aeiaaiiieia?e.
I?iaaaeaii 3167 aei??thaaiue EAeI.

E?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny eiiieaenii ?c canoinoaaiiyi i?oiaeiioe/ieo
iaoiae?a o ii?aeiaii? c ineoiei?aeoe?eieie caoiaeaie ca iieacaiiyie.
Aeey ai?ioueae c oe?aeeeaeie aeeoy/eie cae/eaie e??i o?aaeeoe?eieo
canoiniaoany eiiieaen ineoieia?/ieo i?eeii?a. Ia ae?aaiinoe/iiio aoai?
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaeeeo «Iaethiie ?iaeeie» oa «Iieooaa/ aeey
aaouee?a».

Aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aiaoeaoi?iieo ea?oie 1063 iaoe??io?a
i?oiaeiioe/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy iaeanii? noiiaoieia?/ii? iie?ee?i?ee
i.Iieoaae. Iaoe??io?a, ui ia c’yaeeeny ia i?eeii aei e?ea?y i?ioyaii
1,5–2 ?ie?a i?ney aeai?aciaiai ienueiiaiai aeeeeeo aaaaeaee oeie, ui
i?eieieee i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy.

N?iaeii-aaiaoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ia 190 iaoe??ioao a?ae 6 aei
18 ?ie?a ? ia 380 ?iaee/ao i?iaaiaea (anueiai 570 /ieia?e) ca
iaoiaeeeith I.I. Ai/eiaa (1978, 1984), A.A. Ia?o?, A.A. *aeca (1979); I.
Oa?ia?a (1984).

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue a?ieia?/ii? /anoeie aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
i?iaaaeaia aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaaaoeaiiai a?iiioaioe?aeo ee?oeiiiai yae?a
(AIss%) ye oeeoia?io?ce/iiai iieacieea a?ieia?/iiai a?eo ethaeeie (AA)
ia 560 iaoe??ioao a?eii a?ae 6 aei 30 ?ie?a oa 180 caei?iaeo.
Aeni?an-aiae?c i?iaiaeeany ca aeiiiiiaith i?eeaaeo (aaoi?nuee?
na?aeioeoaa ?? 1169614, 1235493, 1837194 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo). I?iaaaeaii 1920 aei???a AIss% iieacieea. I?i AA
iaoe??io?a ?c CUA noaeeee, ii??aithth/e iieaciee AIss% ?c
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iith a?eiaith e?eaith.

Aoei i?iaaaeaii aaaaoinoi?iii?e aiae?c AEO o 256 iaoe??io?a a?ae 6 aei
30 ?ie?a caeaaeii a?ae a?eo, noao?, i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy, noaaeaiiy aei
e?eoaaiiy o i?oiaeiioa a ii??aiyii? c e?eoaaiiyi o noiiaoieiaa,
noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa a aeeiai?oe? i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy. Aea/aeanue ioe?iea iniaenoino? ?c CUA ? i?aeiniaia? noinoiee.

Aoei aeei?enoaii eiiieaen ineoiae?aaiinoe/ieo iaoiaeee: 1. «Naiiioe?iea»
(ca iiaeeo?eaoe??th Aeaiai-?oa?iooaei — 1970 ?.); 2. «Noiiaoieia?/ia
naiiioe?iea» (A.Ae.Eo?i?aeiaa, E.A.N?aeeo — 1995 ?., iao. 22004 A, 61 N
7/00, 1998); 3. Eieuei?iaee oano a?aeiioaiue — EOA (A.A.Aiaeae?a,
A.A.Noie?i — 1987); 4. Iieooaaeueiee «Noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy» (A.Ae.Eo?i?aeiaa, E.A.N?aeeo — 1995 ?.). Iaoiaeii
«Naiiioe?iea» aecia/aany nooi?iue aa?iii?caoe?? iniaenoino?, iaoiaeeeith
«Noiiaoieia?/ia naiiioe?iea» — noa’?eoeaia ioe?iea CUA, EOA — aiioe?eiee
??aaiue AEO ? i?aeiniaia? noinoiee iaoe??io?a, iieooaaeueieeii
«Noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy» — ?ioaeaeooaeueiee ??aaiue
AEO.

Ia?iaea ? aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeeeny ca o?aaeeoe?eieie
noaiaie, i?eeiyoeie o a?o/eciyi?e ineoieia??.

Oaanue oa?i?i i?oiaeiioe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy oiiaii iiae?eaiee ia 2
ia??iaee: 1 ia??iae — aei ei?enooaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iith eiino?oeoe??th ?
2 ia??iae — /a?ac 6-12 i?nyoe?a a?ae ii/aoeo aia?aoo?iiai e?eoaaiiy.

Niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy oneeaaeiaiue i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy. Iaie (o
ni?aaaoi?noa? c N?aeeo E.A.) ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a ioe?iee iioeaaoe?? aei
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA, yeee aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe oneeaaeiaiiy a e?eoaaii?, a naia eiai ia?a?eaaiiy (iaoaio
Oe?a?ie ?22005A 61 N 7/00) — ?iaeaen AIE.

?iaeaen aioiaiino? iaoe??ioa aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy

(?iaeaen AIE)

AIE = O·(I + N)·E·A·I, aea

I — caaaeueia naiiioe?iea

N — noiiaoieia?/ia naiiioe?iea

E — noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy

A — noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa

I — noaaeaiiy aei ia?niaeoeae i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy

O — a?eiaee eiao?oe??io

«I» + «N» E; A; I

eiai?oeaiee eiiiiiaio aiioe?eiee eiiiiiaio.

Aeinoia??i?noue ioe?iee, ui i?iaiico?oueny, i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
ee?i?/ieie aeiaaeeaie a 74,6%. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue o aeaiiio aniaeo? i?e
eiao?oe??io? ei?eaoaaiiy (0,75) ca’ycie ? nooo?aei (I.I.I?ioea? oa ?i.,
1991), aeei?enoaii iaoiae aeno?aiieyoe??. I?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaae?ei?noue ?
aae?aei?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo. Ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a
noaiaea?oeciaaia ? ia? oaeee aeai?eoi: 1) aiae?cothoueny ??ci? neeaaeia?
noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy; 2) eiia?oeaiee eiiiiiaio aecia/a? aeaaaeaiiy
oei?a caaaeueii? ? noiiaoieia?/ii? naiiioe?iie iaoe??ioa ?c CUA (ca
oeaeaie Aeaiai-?oa?iooaei ? iaie); 3) aiioe?eiee eiiiiiaio oanoo?oueny
EOA. Aaaa eiaeiiai oeio naiiioe?iee ae?aaea?oueny iaaiith e?euee?noth
aae?a (oaae. 1, 2, 3).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Oeaea caaaeueii? naiiioe?iee (ia?aiao? «I»)

Oeie caaaeueii? naiiioe?iee Ioe?iea ia?aiao?o a aaeao

Aaeaeaaoia 6

Caaeuaia 4

Caieaeaia 2

Iano?eea 0

Oaaeeoey 2.

Oeaea noiiaoieia?/ii? naiiioe?iee (Ia?aiao? «N»)

Oeie noiiaoieia?/ii? Ioe?iea ia?aiao?o
a aaeao

naiiioe?iee

Caieaeaia 6

Aaeaeaaoia 4

Iano?eea 2

Caaeuaia 0

Ia?aiao? «E» — iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy — I a;
iaaaoeaia — 0 a. Ia?aiao? «A» — iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai
aia?aoa — I a; iaaaoeaia — 0 a. Ia?aiao? «I» — iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy — I a; iaaaoeaia — 0 a.

Oaaeeoey 3.

A?eia? eiao?oe??ioe

«O» — a?eiaee eiao?oe??io A?e iaoe??ioa

2 6-8 ?ie?a

1,5 9-13 ?ie?a

1 14-18 ?ie?a

1 iiiaae 18 ?ie?a

Io?eiai? aaee i?aenoaaeythoueny o oi?ioeo ? oaeei /eiii ia/eneth?oueny
?iaeaen AIE. Oea aecia/a? i?iaiic e?eoaaiiy (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4.

Aa??aioe i?iaiico ia?niaeoeae i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy

(a aaeao)

?iaeaen aioiaiino? I?iaiic

a?ae 0 aei 1 iaaaoeaiee

a?ae 1 aei 6 iecueeee

a?ae 6 aei 8 na?aaei?e iiceoeaiee

a?ae 8 ? aeua aenieee

Iaeneiaeueia /enei ?iaeaeno aeey ae?oae aei??aith? 24 aaee, aeey
aei?ineeo — 12 aae?a. sseui iaeia c o?ueio neeaaeiaeo aiioe?eiiai
eiiiiiaioa aeyaeoueny iaaaoeaiith, oiaoi aei??aithaaoeia 0 — i?iaiic
aoaea iaaaoeaiei. Aeey iiceoeaiiai i?iaiico neeaaeia? aiioe?eiiai
eiiiiiaioa iiaeii? aooe iiceoeaieie. ??aaiue eiai (iecueeee, na?aaei?e,
aenieee) caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai?oeaiiai eiiiiiaioa noaaeaiiy aei
e?eoaaiiy. Ca ?iaeaenii AIE aeae?eaii 4 aa??aioe AEO.

I?e noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae O?oa?a, aeinoia??i?noue
??cieoe? iieaciee?a i?ae ie?aieie a?oiaie aecia/aee ca aeiiiiiaith t —
e?eoa??th No’thaeaioa. I?e ioe?ioe? aeinoia??iino? aaiaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaii ?iceeaaeaiiy caaaeueii? aeenia?n?? ia
aaiaoe/io ? na?aaeith neeaaeia?, aeei?enoaii ??aiyiiy aeey
eaac?aacia?a?aii? ? aeueoa?iaoeaii? iiaeae? niaaeeiaino?. Aeey aeyaeaiiy
ci?noiai? nii??aeiaiino? ie?aieo ineoieia?/ieo oano?a canoiniaoaaany
oaeoi?iee aiae?c. Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ia?aa??yeany t
-e?eoa???i A?ee Eieniia-Iaiia O?oi? c aeei?enoaiiyi iaeaoo i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy FoxPro. Ii??aiyiiy a?oi oaeoi??a, aeinoia??ii ei?eethth/eo
c iiaaae?ieith iaoe??ioa i?iaiaeeeiny aeaiia iaoiaeaie: I — ca
aeiiiiiaith ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co ye?nieo iieaciee?a (iie?oi?e/iee
iieaciee ca’yceo), II — ca aeiiiiiaith ia?aiao?e/iiai e?eoa??th
ii??aiyiiy (iaoiae, caniiaaiee ia ?iciiae?eaii? ??cieoe? a?aeiinieo
/anoio). Aeyaeaia o?nia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie
ia?aiao?aie, aecia/ai? eiao?oe??ioe iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an??.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Oeyoe ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ia?a?eaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy. Aei
i?oiaeiioa ?c CUA caa?oathoueny iae/ano?oa ae?oe 9-13 ?ie?a — 44,8±0,3%
oa i?aee?oee — 28,3±0,4%. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a — iniae
ae?ii/i? noao?, ye? a na?aaeiueiio a 1,65 ?aca caa?oathoueny a?eueoa, a
oaeiae i?nuee? iaoe??ioe — o 3,2, ui iiynith?oueny ia iecueeei ??aiai
iio?aae n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy a i?oiaeiioe/i?e aeiiiiic?, a
iaaeinoaoiueith ii?ioi?iiaaiinoth oa ?i. Iniaeeai iecueea iiioey?i?noue
iiaeeeainoae i?oiaeiio?? na?aae n?euenueeeo ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo
(19,5%) ? aei?ineeo (14,7%). Caeaaeii a?ae aeaeo i?eeono na?aae
i?oiaeiioe/ieo iaoe??io?a iae/ano?oa cono??/a?oueny iaoieia?y I ee. ca
Aiaeai — 55,3±0,3%, ui a 1,8 ?aca a?eueoa a ii??aiyii? c II ee. ? a 6,7
?aca — c III ee.

Iaoe??ioe, ui i?eieieee e?eoaaiiy a 1 a?., neeaee 23,9±0,3%, o 2 a?. —
37,8±0,4%, o 3 a?. — 44,9±0,3%, na?aae aei?ineeo — 36±0,2%. O
na?aaeiueiio iaoe??ioe ??ciiai a?eo i?eieiythoue ?icii/aoa e?eoaaiiy a
35,7% aeiaaee?a, a naia ae?oe (6-14 ?ie?a) — a 30,85±0,9% aeiaaee?a, ui
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae aeaieo A.A. Oeeiai? (1978) — 62%.

Ae?a/aoa a 1 a?. ia?a?eaaee i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy a 3,3 ?aca a?eueoa,
i?ae oeiioe?. O i?aioaa?oaoiiio a?oe? i?eieiythoue i?oiaeiioe/ia
e?eoaaiiy iaeiaeiai /anoi ? oeiioe? (42,2±0,3%), ? ae?a/aoa (57,8±0,4%),
i?aee?oee-ae?a/aoa a 1,9 ?aca a?eueoa, i?ae oeiioe?. Aei?ine?, ye?
na?aeiii ii/eiathoue i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy, ia?a?eaathoue eiai:
73,6±0,3% — ae?iee oa 26,4±0,5% /ieia?ee, oiaoi ae?iee o 2,8 ?aca
/ano?oa, oi/a a ??ai?e i??? aeey ano iaoe??io?a «i?oiaeiioe/iee aiia?ao
? aeiaeaoeiaei iiae?acieeii iino?eii? ? o?eaaei? ae??», (A.A. Oeeiaa,
1971) ? aeeeeea? na?eici? oneaaeiaiiy a ia??iae aaeaioaoe??, oo?oaeith?
ni?eeoaaiiy a eieaeoea?, iaa?oue cieaeo? oni?oi?noue o oeie?.

Aaaaea?ii, ui a iniia? ia?a?eaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy eaaeeoue
iaaeinoaoiy iioeaaoe?y iaoe??io?a, ui caa?oathoueny ca aeiiiiiaith aei
e?ea?y-i?oiaeiioa. Ae?? e?ea?y-i?oiaeiioa iiaeii? ni?yiiaoaaoeny ia
i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? iaoe??ioa ye aei ii/aoeo, oae i?ioyaii
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy.

N?iaeii-aaiaoe/ia niaaeeia?noue aiiiae?e i?eeono. Cia/aiiy
niaaeeiaoaaiino? aeyaeeeny aeineoue aenieeie aeey an?o aea/aieo
aiiiae?e, a naia: aeey iaoieia?? II ee. ca Aiaeai — 66,7%, cia/aiiy
na?aaeiaeuiiai oaeoi?a — 34%. I?e i?iaai?? aeyaeai? ua a?eueo aenie?
cia/aiiy oniaaeeiaoaaiino?, ye? aei??aiththoue 84,0%. Iieacieee
na?aaeiaeuiiai oaeoi?a cieaeai? aei 16%. Aeniea ?ieue aaiaoe/ieo
oaeoi??a o oi?ioaaii? a?aee?eoiai (51,2%) oa einiai i?eeon?a (95,4%).
Aiiiae?y I ee. ca Aiaeai ia i?aeeyaaea aaiaoe/iiio aiae?co, ine?eueee
n?iaeia /anoioa ca a?aenooiino? aaiaoe/ii? caeaaeiino? i?eaeecii
aei??aithaaea iiioeyoe?ei?e, oiaoi cia/aiiy na?aaeiaeuieo oaeoi??a
aeoaea aaeeea.

Aenie? cia/aiiy oniaaeeiaoaaiino? aeyaeai? i?e aaiaoe/iiio aiae?c?
caoaeaiiy uaeai ? neeaaeathoue 80,9%, na?aaeiaeuia eiiiiiaioa,
a?aeiia?aeii, 19,1%. Io?eiai? aeai? aeaui ia?aaeuothoue ?acoeueoaoe
yiiinueeeo aeine?aeiee?a Hu I.R. oa ?i., (1991) — 55-60% aeiaaee?a.

I?e i?iaiao?? /anoioa aeiaaee?a iaoieia?? o aaouee?a i?iaaiaea neeaaea?
25%, i?e i?iaai?? — 17,9%, i?e caoaeaii? uaeai — 14,4% ? i?e a?aee?eoiio
i?eeon? — 33,3% aeiaaee?a. Na?aae aaouee?a iaoe??io?a c II ee. ca Aiaeai
aiaeia?/ia iaoieia?y i?eeono cono??/a?oueny o 2 ?ace /ano?oa, i?ae o
iiioeyoe??. *anoioa aeiaaee?a iaoieia?? III ee. ca Aiaeai o aaouee?a
i?iaaiae?a a?eueoa i?ae o 4 ?ace ia?aaeuo? iiioeyoe?eia cia/aiiy,
caoaeaiiy uaeai o 6 ?ac?a aeua. A?aee?eoee i?eeon o aaouee?a i?iaaiae?a
cono??/a?oueny o 2 ?ace /ano?oa, a einee i?eeon — o 3 ?ace.

Iniaeeaino? iioiaaiaco o oai?eo ?c CUA. Aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui a 1 a?. o
iaoe??io?a ?c CUA AIss% neeaaea? 44,77±0,53%, oiae? ye o caei?iaeo
?iaaniee?a iieaciee aeaeo?iiaaaoeaiino? yaea? aei??aith? 25,3±0,78%.
Aeaeo?ie?iaoe/i? aeanoeaino? o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA 6-8 ?ie?a ca oiia
iaoieia?? i?eeono a 1,8 ?aca ia?aaeuothoue iieacieee a eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi? (?F0,05). O ca’yceo c oeei AA iaoe??io?a 6-8 ?ie?a ?c ii?ooaiiyie
i?eeono i?e??aith?oueny aei 11-12 ?ie?a.

Oaeei /eiii, aeyaeaii cia/ia aeia?aaeaeaiiy o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo o ae?oae
?c CUA, oiaoi i?enei?aiiai iioiaaiaco, ui ? aaaiiei i?e/eiiei oaeoi?ii o
ianiaiio aeieeiaii? ii?ooaiue coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie o ae?oae 6-8 ?ie?a.
I?enei?aiee iioiaaiac, oiaoi aenaea?aoe?y, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie
coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie. Ca iaoeie aeaieie (A.A.N??ee, A.Ae.Eo?i?aeiaa,
1990), iioe?ai?noue CUA a oeueiio a?oe? aeinyaa? 56,3%.

O 2 a?. iieaciee AIss% iaaeeaea?oueny aei eiio?ieueii? a?oie
(45,2±0,52%) oa neeaaea? 46,74±0,31%.

O 3 a?. iieaciee AIss%aei??aith? 51,64±0,4%, ui a 1,3 ?aca ieae/a
iieacieea o caei?iaeo i?aee?oe?a (68,0±0,85%), (?F0,05). ui aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe AA ye 12-13-e?oi?e, oa na?ae/eoue i?i cao?eieo o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo i?aai?cio a i?aee?oeiaiio a?oe?.

O 4 a?. aei?ineeo iaoe??io?a ?c CUA iieaciee AIss% aei??aith?
49,98±0,57%, ui, ye ? a 3 a?., ieae/a a?ae eiio?ieueieo iieaciee?a
(69,8±0,87%). AA oai?eo caeeoa?oueny, ye o 3 a?oi?, ia iiia?aaeiueiio
??ai? — 12-13 ?ie?a.

Aeia?aaeaeaiiy AA o iieiaeoi? a?oie iaoe??io?a ?c CUA oa a?aenoaaaiiy o
i?aee?oe?a oa aei?ineeo aeaco? ia ca’ycie ?icaeoeo coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie
?c caaaeueieie eiinoeoooe?eieie iniaeeainoyie ?icaeoeo i?aai?cio oa ?
na?ae/aiiyi aeeciioiaaiaco i?aai?cio ?c caoai?thaaiiyi CUA.
Iaaa?iii?eiee ?icaeoie i?aai?cio iaoe??io?a ?c CUA a aoaeue-yeiio a?oe?
? iane?aeeii iayaiino? iaoieia?? i?eeono (?en. 1).

Aeeciioiaaiac iaeiaeiai i?iyaey?oueny o i?aaenoaaiee?a /ieia?/i? oa
ae?ii/i? noao? c ??cieie aeaeaie CUA. Iaea?eueo? ci?ie iioaioe?aeo
ee?oeiiiai yae?a aeyaeai? a iaoe??io?a c III ee. ca Aiaeai (1 a?. —
47,64±1,51% ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, E = 25,3±0,78%, 4 a?. — 44,67±1,65%,
E = 69,8±0,87%).

O i?ioean? aia?aoo?iiai i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy iaeaieueoa aeeiaiiea
iieacieea AIss% niinoa?iaa?oueny a 1 a?.: 36,24±0,84%, 57,0±3,5%
aiaeiiaiaeii i?e eiio?ieueieo oeeo?ao 25,3±0,78%. O I, II ia?iiaeao
eieoaaiiy iieaciee, ui aea/a?oueny, caieueoeany a 1,57 ?aca (?icieoey
noaoenoe/ii ai?iaiaeia, (?F0,05).

Iiaeaeue i?enei?aiiai oaiioeiiiai ?icaeoeo (I ?2 ca I.Cieslik, 1979) o
iaoe??io?a 6-8 ?ie?a ?c CUA ia ci?ith?oueny i?ioyaii i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy. Aiieiai/ii cai?ia?aiiaaiee ia?aaia ?icaeoeo iiaeeaiaeooia ?c
caoai?thaaiiyi CUA o i?ioean? i?oiaeiioe/ii? ei?aeoe?? ia ciiith? nai??
noaie, o iiaeeioeia i aei?ineeo ?c CUA caeeoa?oueny a aei? iiaeaeue
?aa?aneaiiai ?icaeoeo i?aaiicio (I ?3 ca I.Cieslik, 1979) oa ia ciiith?
oaiioeiiiai ?icaeoeo.

Aaiaoe/ii caeeaaeaia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo i?aai?cio i?e oai?ia? CUA
iaeeaaea? a?aeaeoie, ? aeeciioiaaiac caa??aa?oueny. I?oiaeiioe/ia
ei?aeoe?y, cia/ii iie?auoth/e ciai?oi?e aeaeyae iaoe??ioa, ia iiaea
aieeiooe ia o?ae ?ioeiieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a aaiii?
ee?oeie. Onoiaiiy iaoieiai? i?eeono ia aieeaa? inoioii ia aia?aaoe/iee
iieaciee ia eeioeiiiio ?iaii — iioaioeiae eeioeiiiai yae?a oa a 2, 3 oa
4 a?. i?e eieoaaii? inoioieo ciii iieacieeia AIss% ia aiaeaoaa?oueny.

Noaaeaiiy iaoe??io?a ?c CUA aei noiiaoieia?/iiai oa i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy, eiai ia?niaeoea oa i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa. Iiceoeaii
noaaeyoueny aei e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa iaioa iieiaeie iieooaaieo, o
na?aaeiueiio 44,6±0,52%. Iaaaoeaii 55,6±0,72% oai?eo 1 a?.; 57,2±0,49%
— 2 a?.; 57,2±0,5 — 3 a?.; 52,6±0,3% — 4 a?., o na?aaeiueiio — 55,4%.
Iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei noiiaoieia?/iiai e?eoaaiiy a oe?eiio ia
caeaaeeoue a?ae a?eo iaoe??io?a, oiaoi «noiiaoioia?y» caa??aa?oueny ia
ana aeeooy ? i?iyaey?oueny o iaoe??io?a iaeiaeiai iacaeaaeii a?ae noao?
? a?eo, ca aeiyoeii 3 a?. Ae?a/aoa 14—18 ?ie?a oaea?/? /ano?oa
aeyaeythoue nai? iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa
(56,25±0,8%), i?ae thiaee (29,4±0,8%).

E?eoaaiiy o i?oiaeiioa iiceoeaii ioe?ith?oueny a?eueo?noth 74,1±0,3% — 1
a?., 80,6±0,42% — 2 a?., 83,7±0,6% — 3 a?, 57,9±0,6% — 4 a?., a
na?aaeiueiio 74,1±0,48% iaoe??io?a, e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa eeoa
44,6±0,52%.

Ianoaaeoaai? 4 a?. o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie eiia??ii /ano?oa aeyaeythoue
iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy o i?oiaeiioa (?F0,005). Oae, 42,1±0,6%
aei?ineeo, a oie /an ye iaoe??ioe ?ioeo iaio iaaaoea?noe/i? (25,9±0,5%,
19,4±0,38% ? 16,3±0,5%, a?aeiia?aeii). A?ey o?aoeie iaoe??io?a
noaaeyoueny aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy c iaaeia??ith.

O i?ioean? i?oiaeiioe/ii? ei?aeoe?? «noiiaoioia?y» ia i?aeaea?oueny
i?aaethaaiith. Noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy o i?oiaeiioa caeeoa?oueny
iiceoeaiei iacaeaaeii a?ae aeaeo ii?ooaiiy i?eeono.

Oaaaa e?ea?y-i?oiaeiioa iiaeiia ni?yiiaoaaoeny ia iaoe??io?a c
iaoieia??th i?eeono III ee. ca Aiaeai, iniaeeai o iieiaeoiio a?oe?,
ine?eueee aiie aaea?/? /ano?oa iaaaoeaii noaaeyoueny aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai
ao?o/aiiy.

Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a aeneiaeea nai? iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy a?ae 3 aei 18 ?ac?a /ano?oa, i?ae
iaaaoeaia (23,4±0,62% — iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy ? 76,6±0% — iiceoeaia),
aeinyaath/e 94,8±0,32% o aei?ineeo iacaeaaeii a?ae i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy.
AE?iee aeeaeyoueny a?eueo iioei?noe/ii ia ?acoeueoao i?oiaeiioe/ii?
ei?aeoe??, oi/a oeii/eee 6—8 ?ie?a a?eueoa niiae?aathoueny ia iiceoeaiee
i?iaiic, i?ae ae?a/aoa. O aeeiai?oe? i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
iie?ioo?oueny noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/ii? aeiiiiiae o an?o a?oiao (o
na?aaeiueiio ia 11,6%).

Noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa caeeoa?oueny o ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino? iiceoeaiei (1 a? – 74,1±0,5%, 2 a? – 58,0±0,7%, 3 a? –
75,5±0,5%, 4 a? – 57,9±0,49%) ? a na?aaeiueiio noaiiaeoue 66,4%
iacaeaaeii a?ae i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy. Aeyaeai? noaoaa? a?aei?iiino?:
oeiioe? a iieiaeoiio oe?eueiiio a?oe? a 1,3 ?aca a?eueoa caoe?eaaeai?
i?oiaeiioe/iei aia?aoii, oiae? ye aei?ine? ae?iee – a 3,4 ?aca a?eueoa
i?ae /ieia?ee. Iaci?ii? eiino?oeoe?? aeeeeeathoue a?eueoa neiiao?e o
i?aee?oe?a oa aei?ineeo. I?ioyaii e?eoaaiiy iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei
i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa ca?eueoo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 12%, ca
aeiyoeii ae?oae 9-13 ?ie?a.

I?e ii??aiyii? noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa ? ia?niaeoea
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny iiceoeaia neio?iiia
caeiiii??i?noue o 2, 3, 4 a?. Iaae?y ia oni?o o ieo aeia?aaeaea?
iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa (75,5±0,5% ? 58±0,53%;
87,8±0,48% ? 75,5±0,62%; 94,8±0,6% ? 57,9±0,49). ? eeoa ae?oe 6—8 ?ie?a
aiinyoue o e?eoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith aia?ao?a ?a?iaee iiiaio, oiaoi
70,35% iaoe??io?a iiceoeaii noaaeyoueny aei aia?aoa, ye aei i?eno?ith,
aea o?eueee 48,1% a??youe o eiai ia?niaeoeae.

Iaoe??ioe a?ae 9 aei 30 ?ie?a o ia?niaeoeae i?oiaeiioe/iiai ao?o/aiiy
a??youe a?eueoa, i?ae nai?e i?oiaeiioe/i?e eiino?oeoe??.

Aioo?ioiy ea?oeia oai?iae (AEO) o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA. AEO i?e CUA, ye i?e
aoaeue ye?e oai?ia?, — oea ?aaeoe?y iniaenoino? iaoe??ioa, yea
neeaaea?oueny ?c na?aeiiiai noaaeaiiy aei CUA i ianaiaeiii? ioeiiee
«ciaiioiueiai aeaoaeoo», ui aecia/a? iiceoeith aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai
eieoaaiiy.

AEO o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA ia? nooo?a? iniaeeaino?.

Aoea aeyaeaia /ioea caeiiiii?iinoue naiiioeiiee ciaiioiinoi aiae aieo
iaoei?ioa. Aiaeic «Noiiaoieiai/ii? naiiioeiiee» (NN) aeicaieea aecia/eoe
oaiaeaioeith aei ciaioaiiy eieueeinoi caaeuaieo naiiioeiiie ii anio
oeaeao ic caieueoaiiyi aieo iaoei?ioia.

Ae?oe 1 a?. oa 2 a?. noeeuei? aei caaeuaii? ioe?iee naiai ciai?oiueiai
aeaeyaeo. Aaeaeaaoiinoue ni?eeiyooy iaoieiai? i?eeono c aieii c?inoa?,
e?euee?noue caaeuaieo ioe?iie coa?a, oni?oee oa e?ane ciaioo?oueny.

O 14-18 ?ieia aeyaeaii iaiaeiicia/ia ni?eeiyooy anoaoeee iaee//y: i?e
iieiioaiii noaaeaiiy aei coaia noaaeaiiy aei oniioee i aei e?ane ia
ciiith?oueny, oiio ui iaaaoeaia oyaeaiiy i?i naith ciaiioiinoue oaea
noi?iiaaia. Ae?a/aoa-i?aee?oee oa ae?iee iaaaoeai?oa noaaeyoueny aei
nai?o coa?a oa oni?oee, i?ae oeiioe? oa /ieia?ee. N?euenuee? i?aee?oee
aiioe?eii cieaeothoue NN o 1,6 ?aca o ii??aiyii? c iaoe??ioaie, ui
iaoeathoue o i?no?. O n?euenueeeo ae?oae 2 oa 3 a?. ia?aaaaea? caieaeaia
eeoeaaa anoaoeea, iniaeeai coa?a.

Ia ?ioaeaeooaeueii na?aeiiiio ??ai? a?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a aecia/a?
iayai?noue CUA, caia?a/othoue — o na?aaeiueiio 19,55%, iaea?eueoa a 1
a?. (46,2%) oa 3 a?. (14,9%). A?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a (62,7%) a?aei?/a?
iaaaoeaiee aieea CUA ia naith i?eaaaeea?noue, iniaeeai i?aee?oee oa
aei?ine?.

Ona?aeiieaiiy iaoieia?? i?eeono c?inoa? c a?eii. I?ney 19 ?ie?a iaeaea
3/4 on?o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA aiioe?eii ?aaaothoue ia iayai?noue o naaa
iaoieia?? i?eeono. Na?aae ae?oae iieiaeoiai oe?eueiiai a?eo oae?
iaoe??ioe neeaaeathoue 43,4%, o 2 a?. e?euee?noue ?o c?inoa? aei 51,9% ?
a 3 a?. neeaaea? 59,7%. Aiioe?eii iiceoeaii ?aaaothoue o na?aaeiueiio
54,35% iaoe??io?a ia nai? coae, 58,58% ia oni?oeo ? 77,7% ia e?ano. Ia
aaaaeathoue naaa i?eaaaeeaeie 41,2% oai?eo, ui a 3,4 ?ace /anoioa
aiae/oaathoue aeiiee iiney 18 ?ieia. I?ioyaii ?ieo eieoaaiiy noaaeaiiy
aei nai?? i?eaaaeeainoi iineeth?oueny a 1,6 ?aca.

I?e ii?iaiyiii onaiaeiieaieo ioeiiie i iaonaiaeiieaieo ia?aaeeaaiue
oai?eo uiaei nai?? i?eaaaeeainoi aeaeii, ui aeooaeueiinoue ia?aaeeaaiue
ii?ooaiiy aeaiaioia anoaoeee iaee//y aeey iaoei?ioia onio a?oi inoioii
ieae/a, iiae ioeiiea oeeo ii?ooaiue.

Aoei aea/aii iniaeeainoi iioeaaoeieiiai ?iaiy a i?oiaeiioe/ieo
iaoei?ioia a?eii aiae 6 aei 30 ?ieia. O oe?eiio aeae i?eeono nooo?ai ia
aieeaa? ia ona?aeiieaiiy iayaiino? CUA (a na?aaeiueiio a 76,4%). Aea
aieea CUA ia i?eaaaeea?noue oni?oee /ano?oa aeciathoue iaoe??ioe c
naa?oaeueieie aiiiae?yie. Cieaeothoue aeanio i?eaaaeea?noue iaoe??ioe c
i?iaai??th. Aiie a 6-8 ?ie?a aeathoue caaeuaio ioe?ieo a iaio?e
e?eueeino? aeiaaee?a («E?ana» — 42,9±0,49%, «Oni?oea» — 28,6±0,83%,
«Coae» — 42,9±0,7%), (?F0,05), i?ae i?e iaoieia?? I ee. ? II ee. ca
Aiaeai. Aei?ine? ioe?iththoue i?iaai?th ia?aaaaeii caieaeaii.

I?aee?oee c i?iaiao??th iaaaoeaii noaaeyoueny aei nai?o coa?a o 3,8 ?aca
/ano?oa, i?ae iieiaeo? oeiey??, aei oni?oee — o 2,2 ?aca, aei e?ane a
oe?eiio — a 2,9 ?aca /ano?oa (pF0,05).

I?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy ia ona?aeiieaiiio ??ai? aea? iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe, iniaeeai o iaoe??io?a-i?aee?oe?a oa aei?ineeo. O ?? ia??iae
e?eoaaiiy a 11,8 ?ac?a ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue iaoe??io?a, ui ia
aa/ooue iaoieia?? i?eeono na?aae aei?ineeo, o i?aee?oe?a o 3,9 ?aca
ciaioeany aieea CUA ia oni?oeo. A oe?eiio noaaeaiiy aei nai??
ciai?oiino? o iaoe??io?a 6-18 ?ie?a o i?ioean? i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
iie?auo?oueny. O an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao ia? i?noea oaiaeaioe?y ciaioaiiy
aieeao CUA ia e?ano. O aei?ineeo iaaioue i?e oniioiiio eieoaaiii
iaoieiai? i?eeono caa?iaa?oueny eieeoi? iaaaoeaia ni?eeiyooy anoaoeee
iaee//y.

Aac aeinoaoiuei? caoeieaaeaiinoi o ciiii anoaoeee iaee//y iaoei?io ia
aeyaeoue aeinoaoiueiai oa?iiiiy i iaiieaaeeainoi a iiaeieaiii
o?oaeiiuia, iia’ycaie? c o?eaaeei ei?enooaaiiyi i?oiaeiioe/iei aia?aoii.
Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue NN o iaoe??io?a a?ae e?eoaaiiy ??cieie
i?oiaeiioe/ieie eiino?oeoe?yie. I?aee?oee oa aei?ine? a?aeaeathoue
ia?aaaao iaci?iiei aia?aoai, i?e ei?enooaaii? yeeie aiie ioe?iththoue
eeoeaao anoaoeeo a?eueo aaeaeaaoii.

Oaeei /eiii, iae/anoioa ia iaonaiaeiieaiiio ?iaii o aieueoinoi oai?eo
ca?aathoueny ioeiiea aeanieo coaia i noaaeaiiy aei ieo. Aaeaeaaoiinoue
ioeiiee CUA i onaiaeiieaiiy ii?e ?? aieeao ia aeanio ciaiioith
i?eaaaeeainoue c?inoa? a ii?o aei?ineioaiiy iaoei?ioia. Oea oi?io? o
naith /a?ao neeo iioeaaoei? i?e eieoaaiii i aaaaoi a /iio aieeaa? ia
eiai ?acoeueoaoe. Iioeaaoeiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy ianaiia?aae
caeaaeeoue aiae aieo oai?eo.

Iniaeeaino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? oa i?aeiniaenoeo noinoie?a o iaoe??io?a
?c CUA. A?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae a?eo, caia?a/othoue
aieea CUA ia ni?eeoaaiiy c ?ioeie ethaeueie ? aeanio i?eaaaeea?noue.
«Ia?ac ss» o a?eueoino? c ieo iiceoeaiee.

Aieea iinoey i?iaeeaaiiy iaoei?ioia ia ?oi? oyaeaiiy i?i naaa
aiaeaeaa?oueny o noeeueiinoi aei aieueo caieaeaii? ioeiiee nai?o
ineoieiai/ieo yeinoae aeeoaeyie naea a onio aieiaeo a?oiao i caaeuaieie
ioeiieaie aeeoaeyi i?noa.

O iaoe??io?a ?c CUA i?aee?oeiaiai a?eo nooo?ai? a?aei?iiino? o
oi?ioaaii? «Ia?aco ss» i?ae noaoyie iaia?. Ae?aaeai? a?aei?iiino? a CN,
aeaoa?i?iiaai? noaoaaith i?eiaeaaei?noth, a?aecia/athoueny o iaoe??io?a
i?ney 18 ?ie?a. *ieia?ee noeeuei? aei aaeaeaaoii? ? caieaeaii? ioe?iee
nai?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo yeinoae, a ae?iee — aei i?aeaeuaii?.

I?e anio iaoieiai/ieo aeaeao i?eeono o iaoei?ioia caa?iaathoueny aieiai
iniaeeainoi CN. Ciaeaeaii nooo?ai ciiie CN i?e i?iaaii?, yea ?icei
ciiith? i?ioieue i iiai?oo? anoaoeeo iaee//y oa i?eaaaeeainoue. Ciiiaia
ciaiioiinoue aiaeaeaa?oueny ia oi?ioaaiii ie?aieo ineoieiai/ieo
iniaeeainoae ethaeeie, a naia: o aei?ineeo o ii?iaiyiii c iaoieiai?th I
ee. ca Aiaeai o 3,8 ?aca caieaeaii ioeiiee uanoy, oa?aeoa?o — a 4 ?ace,
?icoio — a 3 ?ace. Iiaeeioee (3 a?.) neeaee iaeaieueo iaaaoeaia oyaeaiiy
i?i naie oa?aeoa? (60,0±0,9%), ui ca?aa?oueny c aeaieie iiiaoeueeeo
i?oiaeiioia Hofman N. oa ?i. (1992), yei oaeiae aeyaeee ?icieoeth a
ineoieiai/iie oa?aeoa?enoeoei oaeeo iaoei?ioia, aiaeii/athoue o ieo
cieaeaia nioeiaeueia ni?eeiyooy oa iaioo iiioey?iinoue o oeiei. I?e
i?iaaii? /anoioa cono?i/a?oueny caieaeaia ioeiiea caei?ia’y a 1 a?oi?, a
i?aioaa?oaoiiio aioei o 1,5-2 ?aca /anoioa, aiiae o iieiaeoeo oeiey?ia.
O i?aioaa?oaoiiio i iiaeeioeiaiio aioei, ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai, ca
iayaiinoi i?iaaii? iaoei?ioe aaaaeathoue naaa ia?aaaaeii iauanieie.
Aeaii, ui ie io?eiaee, iathoue aeayeo aiaeiaith a ?iaioao aiaeienueeeo
i?oiaeiioia. Oae, aeioe 14 ?ieia i?c CUA o Aiaei? /a?ac iaoieiaith
i?eeono, ye ieoooue Roberts E.E. oa ?i. (1989), aaaaeathoue naaa
iauanieie iaa?oue ?acii ?c aaoueeaie.

Ia caieoaiiy «*e caaaaea? ii?ooaiiy iieiaeaiiy coaia Aaoiio niieeoaaiith
c ethaeueie?» «ii» aiaeiiaiaea? aieueoinoue iaoei?ioia onio ianoaaeaieo
a?oi — aiae 68,4% aei 85,2%, aea iaaaoeaiee aieea aiaecia/a? a
na?aaeiueiio 23,2%, ui iineeth?oueny c aieii. Noaoenoe/ii aeinoiai?ieo
?icaiaeiinoae ia aeyaeaii.

sseee aieea ia? oai?iaa CUA o iaoe??io?a ia iaona?aeiiethaaia noaaeaiiy
aei naaa? O a?eueoino? iiceoeaia oyaa i?i naaa ca?aa?oueny c iiceoeaiei
naiinoaaeaiiyi (89,4% ? 88,8%). Iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei naaa
cono??/a?oueny o 12,2% iaoe??io?a o 1 a?., o 13,2% — o 2 a?., o 6,2% — a
3 a?., o 14,8% — o 4 a?.

Noaaeaiiy aei naaa ia ci?ith?oueny caeaaeii a?ae i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy, aea
ia? ?yae iniaeeainoae a?ae noao?. O 1 ? 2 a?. e?euee?noue iaaaoeaieo
a?aeiia?aeae cia/ii ia?aaaaea? o ae?a/aoie. Oae, ae?a/aoea 6-8 ?ie?a o
4,3 ?aca a??oa noaaeyoueny aei naaa, a 9-13 ?ie?a — o 2,2 ?aca a??oa,
ai?ae oeii/eee. ??cieoey noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ca?aathoueny c aeaieie Athanasion A.E. oa ?i., (1989). O 3 ? 4 a?.
??cieoey ia aeyaeaia, ui noia?a/eoue aeaiei Soh G., Lew K.K (1992).

O 1 ? 2 a?. aeae iaoieia?? i?eeono ia aieeaa? ia i?aena?aeiia noaaeaiiy
aei naaa, aea a 3 ? 4 a?. ia?aaaaeathoue iaaaoeai? a?aeiia?ae? o
iaoe??io?a c i?iaai??th. Oae, o 14-18 ?ie?a i?e III ee. iaoe??ioe a 3
?ace /ano?oa aeneiaeththoue iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei naaa, ai?ae i?e I
ee. (40±1,85% ? 13,3±1,8%). O aei?ineeo oea ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ua a?eueoa
c?inoa? — o 3,2 ?aca (??cieoey noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia). Io?eiai? iaie
aeai? noia?a/aoue a?aeiiinoyi a?ae i?iaoeueeeo o/aieo Hofman N. oa ?i.,
(1992), ye? iia?aeiieythoue i?i a?aenooi?noue ca’yceo i?ae ioe?ieith
i?io?eth oa naiinoaaeaiiyi aei naaa. Noaaeaiiy aei naaa o i?ioean?
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy o 1, 2 oa 3 a?. iie?ioo?oueny, aei?ine?
i?iaeaiiino?oaaee ca?eueoaiiy iiceoeaieo a?aeiia?aeae c 23,1±1,6% aei
94,1±1,1% (?F0,05). Ioaea, i?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy i?eiineoue iiceoeai?
aiioe?ei? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aeyaeaii, ui aeey aeioae 6-8 ?ieia eiioi?oiioi ciiiii i?oiaeiioe/ii
aia?aoe, a a noa?oeo aieiaeo a?oiao, iaaiaee, iaciiiii i?oiaeiioe/ii
eiino?oeoei?. Iiaeeioee oa aei?inei aaaaeathoue iaciiiii eiino?oeoei? a
ii?iaiyiii ci ciiiieie aieueo c?o/ieie i?e niieeoaaiii (a 1,9 ?aca) oa
iaio aieeaath/eie ia i?eaaaeeainoue (a 1,3 ?aca).

Aea/aeany niaoeeoiea i?i?ioaoei? o iiaeiniaiaeo noinoieao iaoei?ioia ?c
CUA i noa’?eoeaii oyaeaiiy i?i cia/eieo ethaeae, cie?aia, aaoueea i
iaoa?i. Iioa?an aei oeeo ieoaiue iiynith?oueny oei, ui ae?ioaeueiei
oaeoi?ii oi?ioaaiiy «Ia?aco ss» ethaeeie ? eiai noinoiee c aaoueeaie, a
ia caaaeueii oiiae nioeiaeueiiai inioaaiiy. *a?ac niiaeio neooaoeith
aiaeaeaa?oueny iaeaioeoieaoeiy aeeoeie c aaoueeaie. Aaeeea cia/aiiy
iathoue oei niiaeieo noinoieia i iaoiaee aeoiaaiiy o nii’?.

Iaioa eieueeinoue i?iaeai o iiaeiniaenoeo noinoieao cono?i/a?oueny o
iaoei?ioia aoaeue-yeiai aieo c I ee. aiiiaeie. Iaeaieueoo eieueeinoue
eiioeieoia ?c iaoi?’th aeyaeythoue iaoei?ioe c II i III ee. ca Aiaeai,
i?e i?iaai?? — ua e c aaoueeii, iniaeeai o aioei 6-8 ?ieia. Oea
iiaee?aneth? aiioeieio caeaaeiinoue aiae iaoa?i, ui caeeoeeany c
?aiiueiai aeeoeinoaa, aoiiiaoiaaiaoe/iee ca’ycie i?iaiaoi? i i?iaaii? ic
oeiaeeeaeie aeeoy/eie cae/eaie. Iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aeeoeie aei iaoa?i
iiaea oi?ioaaoe iaaaoeaia noaaeaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy.

Iniaeeai aaaeeeaeie o ?aaaieioaoei? ii/oooy iniaenoi? oeiiiinoi i
ooaa?aeaeaiiy nai?? iiaeeaiaeoaeueiinoi o iaoei?ioia ?c CUA, ao?a/aiiai
aianeiaeie aeaoi?iaoei? ciaiioiinoi, noa? ineoiei?aeoeiy ye naiiai
oai?iai, oae i /eaiia eiai nii’?.

Oe?aeeea? aeeoy/? cae/ee, eiiieaenia i?oiaeiioe/ia oa ineoieia?/ia
e?eoaaiiy o ?aiiueiio a?oe?. O a?oe? 1,5 — 5 ?ie?a a?eueoa iieiaeie
ae?oae (57%) iaee a?aeoeeaiiy o aoaeia? i?eeono aai oaeoi?e ?eceeo.
Iaaeyae oa ?iaioa c ae?oueie o?eaaee 2 ?iee. Ca aeniiaeaie iaae?ao??a
on? ae?oe aoee a?aeianai? aei 1 a?. caei?ia’y. Ca noaiii i?eeono
aeae?eaii o?e aeeniaina?i? a?oie.

I a?. (ae?oe c i?oiaiaoe/iei i?eeonii oei/aniaeo coa?a) neeaea 43 %. II
a?. — a?. ?eceeo (15,3%), c oaeoi?aie ?eceeo, ye? iaaeae? iiaee
i?ecaanoe aei ii?ooaiue o aoaeia? coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie — oe?aeeeaa
cae/ea niieoaoe nineo, iaeaoeue, aoao /e ?io? i?aaeiaoe (65,5%),
iaeiiaiea aeoaaiiy (7,7%), aiiiae?eia i?ee??ieaiiy aocaea/ie aoa oa
yceea (19,2%), iaaeeiiieaeoi? coae (3,8%), ?ioiaa aeeoaiiy (3,8%).
Aeyaeaiee nooo?aee ca’ycie i?ae oi?ioaaiiyi iaoieia?? i?eeono,
caaaeueiith iaa?ioecaoe??th ae?oae, iayai?noth oe?aeeeaeo cae/ie oa
neeaaei?noth n?iaeii? neooaoe??. III a?. — 41,7%. II ee. ca Aiaeai —
66,7%, i?e/iio o 46,8% aeiaaee?a a?i aoa iia’ycaiee ?c aeiaaio?eaaeei
ei?enooaaiiyi nineith, ?c oe?aeeeaith cae/eith niieoaoe aoao oa
iaeueoe?. III ee. ca Aiaeai — 1,4% niaaeeiaiai oa?aeoa?o, I ee. ca
Aiaeai, aeeaieee einee oa a?aee?eoee i?eeon — 31,9%.

I?oiaeiioe/ia e?eoaaiiy o oaeiio ?aiiueiio a?oe? o?aaeeoe?eii
caiaeeoueny aei iaaeyaeo ca oi?ioaaiiyi i?eeono. ?iciianthaeaeoaaee
ii/aoeia? ciaiiy c i?io?eaeoeee CUA, cie?aia c ai?ioueae ?c oe?aeeeaeie
cae/eaie na?aae iaaee/iiai oa iaaeaaia?/iiai ia?niiaeo a i?aai?ciaaieo
aeeoy/eo caeeaaeao. Ca iniiao e?eoaaiiy ae?oae c oe?aeeeaeie cae/eaie
ie acyee ineoioa?aiaaoe/i? aniaeoe ? oiio ?icaeyaeaee ?o ye iaa?ioe/i?
cae/i? ae??. Ie??i aia?aoo?ieo cania?a canoinoaaee iaoiae a?oiiai? oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ineoioa?ai?? c ae?oueie oa ?oi?ie aaoueeaie. ?iaioo c
aaoueeaie ie?aii i?iaiaeea iaaee/iee ineoieia.

Aiae?c ea?o ineoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiy ao?ieia?/ieo
oaeoi??a aeieeiaiiy oe?aeeeai? cae/ee aeicaieea iiae?eeoe an?o ae?oae ia
2 a?oie: A ? A. A?oio A neeaee ae?oe ?c cieaeaiiyi ??aiy ineoieia?/iiai
?icaeoeo. A?. A — oea ae?oe c aeinoaoi?i ??aiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai
?icaeoeo, iaeiae o ieo aoa aecia/aiei aieea o?ii?/ii? ineoio?aaioth/i?
neooaoe??. A iaio a?oiao i?iaiaeeee a?oiiao ineoieia?/io ei?aeoe?th o
aeaeyae? ineoiei?aeoe?eieo caiyoue oa ?ai? i?ioyaii 3-o i?nyoe?a 1 — 2
?ace ca oeaeaeaiue. Aeei?enoiaoaaee ai?aae c aooiaaiiiai o?aioaaiiy. O
an?o aeiaaeeao aoea iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea o ineoiaiioe?eiiio noai? ae?oae.
I?ioyaii 2-o ?ie?a aoee onoiai? oe?aeeea? aeeoy/? cae/ee, ui i?ecaaei
aei ii?iae?caoe?? i?eeono.

Iiaeaeuaiiy iioea?a aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy o iaoe??io?a ?c
oai?iaith CUA. Caaaeueiith caeiiiii?iinoth oi?ioaaiiy AEO o iaoei?ioia c
?icieie aeaeaie CUA ? aeyaeaia iaca?aaiiy ia’?eoeaii? i aioo?ioiuei?
ea?oeie oai?iae. Iioeaoaaiiy aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy iiaiinoth
caeaaeeoue aiae AEO iaoei?ioa, a no?oeoo?a AEO a naith /a?ao
aecia/a?oueny aieii oai?eo oa ?oi?ie iiaeeaiaeoaeueii-iniaenoeie
iniaeeainoyie.

Ia oiii aecia/aiiai aeeciioiaaiaco, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey iaoei?ioia ?c CUA,
c o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaiiai aenieiai nooiaiy niaaeeiaino? iaoieiai?
ineoieiai/ii aniaeoe iiaeaeuaiiy iioeaaoei? i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy
noathoue iniaeeai aaaeeeaeie aeey i?aeoeee i?oiaeiioi?.

Iaie aoee aeae?eai? ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeaeno AIE 4 aa??aioe AEO (oaae. 5)
i?e oai?ia? CUA (iaoaio Oe?a?ie 22005 A 61N 7/00 «Niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy).

1-e aa??aio — iioeiaeueiee. CN — aaeaeaaoia aai caaeuaia; NN —
caieaeaia, oiaoi iaoe??io aecia? iayai?noue aiiiae?? i?eeono ? ??
iaaaoeaiee aieea ia i?eaaaeea?noue naiai ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo. A
oeueiio aeiaaeeo AEO aaeaeaaoia ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? oai?iae (7,2%).

2-e aa??aio — iaaaeaeaaoii caieaeaia AEO. O iaoe??io?a caieaeaiee oa
iano?eeee oeie CN, caieaeaiee oei NN, aiie noeeuei? ia?aa?eueooaaoe
cia/aiiy CUA, oyaeaiiy i?i aiiiae?th aaeaeaaoia ee?i?/i?e ea?oei?
oai?iae, aea ia iaona?aeiieaiiio ??ai? AEO ia? ?iioiiae?e/iee oa?aeoa?,
ui oi?io?oueny a?ae caaaeueii? iaaaeaeaaoii? naiiioe?iee aeanii?
iniaenoino? (17%). Iaoe??ioai iieacaia ineoiei?eaoaaiiy, ine?eueee aac
niaoe?aeueieo ineoioa?aiaaoe/ieo caoiae?a oai?? ia aeio?eiothoueny
e?eoaaeueiiai ?aaeeio, ia?a?eaathoue e?eoaaiiy ?, iaa?oue i?e
aeinyaiaii? oni?o?a, caeeoathoueny iacaaeiaieaieie ?acoeueoaoaie
e?eoaaiiy ? iie?auaiiyi ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo.

3-e aa??aio — iaaaeaeaaoii-caaeuaia AEO, ii?aeiaiiy caaeuaiiai ?
iaaaeaeaaoiiai oei?a CN ? NN. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaoe??io ?aii?o?
iayai?noue o naaa CUA, ?? aieea ia anoaoeeo iaee//y ? caaaeueio
i?eaaaeea?noue. Aeooaeuei?noue ia?aaeeaaiiy c i?eaiaeo oai?iae CUA
cieaeaia aai acaaae? a?aenooiy (35,4%).

4-e aa??aio — aeaoi?iiaaia AEO. Oeueiio aa??aioo a?aeiia?aea? ii?aeiaiiy
iano?eeiai, caieaeaiiai ? caaeuaiiai oei?a CN ? NN. O oeeo aeiaaeeao
iaoe??io aai aecia? iayai?noue iaoieia?? i?eeono, aea caia?a/o? ?? aieea
ia naith ciai?oi?noue aai i?aei?iy? aeciaiiy aeaoaeoo iaee//y ia
iaona?aeiieaiiio ??ai? iaaeie?eaie nai?? iniaenoino? (40,4%).

Iioeaaoe?y aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy iiai?noth caeaaeeoue a?ae AEO
iaoe??ioa, yea aecia/a?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaeaeno AIE ? aea?
iiaeeeainoue i?iaiicoaaoe aoaeoeaiinoue iaeaooiueiai i?oiaeiioe/iiai
ao?o/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Iae/ano?oa ca i?oiaeiioe/iith aeiiiiiaith caa?oathoueny ae?oe 9-13
?ie?a (44,8%) oa i?aee?oee (28,3%), i?nuee? iaoeaioe? o 3,2 ?aca
/ano?oa, i?ae n?euenuee?, ae?iee o 1,65 ?aca a?eueoa, i?ae /ieia?ee. Ca
aeaeaie i?eeono iaoe??ioe c ? ee. ca Aiaeai neeaaeathoue o na?aaeiueiio
55,3%, c ?? ee. – 29,9%, c ??? ee. – 8,2%. Ia?a?eaathoue i?oiaeiioe/ia
e?eoaaiiy 35,7%, iae/ano?oa i?aee?oee (44,9%), iniaeeai ae?ii/i? noao?
(65,9%).

2. Iioe?ai?noue oai?iae CUA na?aae ae?oae 1,5 – 5 ?ie?a neeaaea? 41,7%,
iae/ano?oa cono??/a?oueny iaoieia?y ?? ee. ca Aiaeai (66,7%), ui ia
65,5% iia’ycaii c? oe?aeeeaith cae/eith niieoaiiy. Ii?aeiaiiy
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith oa a?oiiaith
ineoioa?ai??th c ae?oueie oa ?oi?ie aaoueeaie i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ii?iaeueiiai i?eeono.

3. Noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy o i?oiaeiioa o iaoe??io?a ??c CUA a
aoaeue-yeiio a?oe? iiceoeaia (74,1±0,48%) ia a?aei?io a?ae noaaeaiiy aei
e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa (44,6±0,52%). Ioe?iea i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa
(66,4±0,49%) oa ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy (76,6±0,5%)
iiceoeai? o an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao. O aeeiai?oe? i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
iiceoeaia ioe?iea i?oiaeiioe/iiai aia?aoa o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA
iie?auo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio ia 12,7%, ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy – ia 7,2%, noaaeaiiy aei e?eoaaiiy o noiiaoieiaa iie?auo?oueny
o 2 ?ace.

4. Cia/aiiy niaaeeiaino? aeineoue aenie? aeey an?o aea/aieo aiiiae?e, a
naia: aeey iaoieia?? ?? eeano ca Aiaeai niaaeeia?noue neeaaea? 66,8%,
aeey iaoieia?? ??? eeano ca Aiaeai – 84%, caoaeaiiy uaeai – 80,9%.
Aeyaeaia /anoioa aiiiae?e i?eeono o aaouee?a iaoe??io?a ?c CUA: i?e
i?iaiao?? – a 4 ?ace aeua, i?ae o iiioeyoe??.

5. I?aai?cio c oai?iaith CUA i?eoaiaiiee aeeciioiaaiaoe/iee oei
?icaeoeo. Ia a?aei?io a?ae caei?iaeo ianoaaeaieo, o yeeo iieaciee AIss%
ee?oeiieo yaea? c?inoa? c a?eii, o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA oaea
caeiiii??i?noue ii?ooaia. A?ieia?/ii cai?ia?aiiaaiee o?ae ?icaeoeo
?iaeea?aeooia ?c CUA ia ci?ith? nai?? noaie a i?ioean? i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy. Onoiaiiy iaoieia?? i?eeono ia aieeaa? ia aia?aaoe/iee
iieaciee ia ee?oeiiiio ??ai? – iioaioe?ae yae?a.

6. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea «noiiaoieia?/ia naiiioe?iea». Aeae?eaii aeaee
aioo??oiuei? ea?oeie oai?iae o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA: iioeiaeueiee,
iaaaeaeaaoii-caieaeaiee, iaaaeaeaaoii-caaeuaiee, aeaoi?iiaaiee. AEO
iaoe??io?a, ye? no?aaeaeathoue ia CUA, a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ia’?eoeaii?,
? nai???aei?noue oeiiaeo neiioiiieiiieaen?a AEO iaoiiaeaia iniaeno?nieie
iniaeeainoyie oai?eo, a ia aeania ii?ooaiiyi i?eeono.

7. Aeae?eai? iaea?eueo caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy AEO o
iaoe??io?a ?c CUA, ui noai?th? aeaoaeo ciai?oiino?. Oaeoi? a?eo
aecia/aeueii aieeaa? ia no?oeoo?o, oi?ioaaiiy oa ci?no aioo??oiuei?
ea?oeie oai?iae o iaoe??io?a ?c CUA. C? ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo iaoe??io?a
no?oeoo?a AEO noa? a?eueo neeaaeiith, iiaiith ? aaeaeaaoiith.

8. O aeeiai?oe? i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy ni?eeiyooy anoaoeee iaee//y o
ae?oae 6-13 ?ie?a noa? a?eueo aaeaeaaoiei, oi/a o aeiaaeeo iaaaoeaiiai
noaaeaiiy aei nai?o coa?a aei ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy caa??aa?oueny aiioe?eia
i?eai?/ai?noue ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy. O 14-18 ?ie?a aeyaeaii iaiaeiicia/ia
ni?eeiyooy anoaoeee iaee//y; i?e iie?ioaii? noaaeaiiy aei coa?a
noaaeaiiy aei oni?oee oa e?ane ia ci?ith?oueny, ine?eueee iaaaoeaia
oyaeaiiy i?i naith ciai?oi?noue ? noi?iiaaiei. O aei?ineeo iaa?oue i?e
oni?oiiio e?eoaaiiy iaoieia?? i?eeono caa??aa?oueny iiia?aaei? iaaaoeaia
ni?eeiyooy anoaoeee iaee//y.

9. Iiaoaeiaaii nenoaio i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy aei eiai ii/aoeo /a?ac ?iaeaen AIE, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
?ic?iaeoe iaa?oioiaai? iaaeeei-ineoieia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy ei?aeoe?eieo ? e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a oa
i?aeaeueoe iioeaaoe?th aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai ao?o/aiiy.

I?aeoe*i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. Ianiaa iioe?ai?noue oai?iae CUA oa aeniea cia/aiiy niaaeeiaino?
aiiiae?e i?eeono iio?aao? canoinoaaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a oa
eiiieaeniiai i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy ii?ooaiue i?eeono o ae?oae c
?aiiueiai a?eo.

2. Onoiaiiy a oei/aniaiio i?eeon? CUA, iia’ycaieo ?c oe?aeeeaeie
aeeoy/eie cae/eaie, neeaaea?oueny c i?io?eaeoe/ii-e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a
o ii?aeiaii? c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith oa a?oiiaith ineoioa?ai??th c ae?oueie
oa ?oi?ie aaoueeaie.

3. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? aei i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy i?e ia?oiio
a?aea?aeoaaii? i?oiaeiioa ae?oyi 6-8 ?ie?a iiaeiia i?iaiaeeoeny
ineoieia?/ia ei?aeoe?y o aeaeyae? ?a?iai? ineoioa?ai??. O 9-13 ?ie?a
ne?ae aeiaeaaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio ineoioa?ai?th. O i?aee?oe?a oa aei?ineeo
?aoe?iiaeueia ineoioa?ai?y ? iaia’yceiaith oiiaith i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy, oiio iaiao?aeia ni?eueia ?iaioa e?ea?y-i?oiaeiioa ?
iaaee/iiai ineoieiaa.

4. Aeey caiia?aaiiy ia?a?eaaiith i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy
?aeiiaiaeiaaiee iaoiae i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai
e?eoaaiiy aei eiai ii/aoeo /a?ac ?iaeaen AIE.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Iiiia?aoiy

1. Iiaua aniaeou aieacie «coai/aethnoiay aiiiaeey». — Iieoaaa. — 1997. —
255 n. — ISBN 5-7707-9855-N.

Noaooi a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao

2. Ioeaiea aioo?aiiae ea?oeiu aieacie o iaoeeaioia n coai/aethnoiuie
aiiiaeeyie // Iiaia a noiiaoieiaee. — Iineaa. — 1995. — ? 3. — N. 35-36,
(a niiaaao. N?aeeo E.A.)

3. Ineoieiae/aneay naiiioeaiea iaoieiaee i?eeona o aeaoae 9-13 eao //
Ainiee noiiaoieiai?. — Iaeana. — 1995. — ? 4. — N. 281-284 (a niiaaao.
N?aeeo E.A.).

4. Iooe oeo/oaiey i?oiaeiioe/aneie iiiiue // Ainiee noiiaoieiai?. —
Iaeana. -1995. — ? 5-6. — N. 360-362.

5. Ineoieiai/ia aeiaaiinoeea oa ei?aeoeiy iaa?ioe/ieo oeiaeeeaeo cae/ie
o aeioae ic coaiuaeaiieie aiiiaeiyie // AeaioA?o. Iioaaa. — 1995. — ? 1.
— N. 54-56/ (a niiaaao. N?aeeo E.A.).

6. Ioeaiea aeieiae/aneiai aic?anoa iaoeeaioia n coai/aethnoiuie
aiiiaeeyie — (a niiaaao. Eieoiaaaa O.A., Oaoaacia A.A.) // Iiainoe
noiiaoieiaee. Eueaia. — 1996. — ? 2-3.- N. 48-50.

7. Ninoiyiea i?eeona o aeaoae n a?iioeaeueiie anoiie a ia?eiae niaiu
coaia // Ainiee noiiaoieiai?. Iaeana. — 1996. — ? 4. — N. 308-310.

8. Iauaaeieiae/aneea aniaeou ioeaiee iaoieiae/aneiai i?eeona a i?ioeanna
i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey // Iiaia a noiiaoieiaee. — Iineaa. — 1997. — ?
1. — N. 99-104.

9. Ioiioaiea iaoeeaioia e noiiaoieiae/aneiio e i?oiaeiioe/aneiio
ea/aieth // AeaioA?o. Iieoaaa. — 1997. — ? 4. — N. 26-30.

10. Yeaeo?iieia?aoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey
aeaaaoaeueiuo iuooe o aeaoae n aeenoaeueiui i?eeonii ii aeaiiui
eiiiuethoa?iiai aiaeeca // Ainiee noiiaoieiai?. Iaeana. — 1997. — ? 2. —
N. 237-243 (a niiaaao. Nooiieeiiaa O.ss.).

11. Coaiuaeaiii aiiiaei? ye ianeiaeie ii?ooaiiy nioeiaeueii? ?iaiiaaae
i?aaiicio c iaaeieeoiii na?aaeiaeuai // Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e
iaaeeoeeiu. — Iieoaaa — Oa?eia. — 1997. — ? CI. -N. 33-40.

12. Iniaaiiinoe aini?eyoey nianoaaiiie aiaoiinoe iaoeeaioaie n
coai/aethnoiuie aiiiaeeyie // I?oiaeaio — eioi. — Iineaa. — 1998. — ?
1.-N. 30-34.

13. Niiaeii-aaiaoe/ia oniaaeeoaaiiy aiiiaeie i?eeono // Iiaeie
noiiaoieiai?. Euea?a. — 1998. -? 1.- N. 19-21.

14. Iniaaiiinoe ianeaaeoaiinoe coai/aethnoiuo aiiiaeee //
I?oiaeaio-eioi. — Iineaa. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 26-29 (a niiaaao.
Ao?aiaioiaa E.A.).

15. Iniaaiiinoe iioiaaiaca o aieueiuo n coai/aethnoiuie aiiiaeeyie //
Ainiee i?iaeai aiieiai? i iaaeeoeeie. Iieoaaa – Oa?e?a. — 1998. — ? 14.
— N. 43-51.

16. Aieea aeieiai? ia ii?oiooieoeiiiaeueiee noai coaiuaeaiii? nenoaie o
aeioae oa iiaeeioeia // I?iaeaie aeieiai? oa iaaeeoeeie. — 1998. — ?
3-4. — N. 11-12 (a niiaaao. Aeia?iaieuenueea I. 1., Oeei A .I.).

17.Aaiaoeei-aeaiia?aoe/aneay no?oeoo?a iieoaaneie iiioeyoeee // Ainiee
i?iaeai aiieiai? i iaaeeoeeie. Iieoaaa – Oa?e?a. — 1998. — ? 17. — N.
6-8. (a niiaaao. Ao?aiaioiaa E.A., Oeeeioeiaa I.A.).

18. Iniaaiiinoe ineoiyiioeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey o iaoeeaioia n
a?oeneciii // Ainiee noiiaoieiai?. Iaeana. — 1998. — ? 4. — N. 50-52 ( a
niiaaao. Aeia?iaieuenueea I.?., N?aeeo E.A.)

19. Iniaaiiinoe iioeaaoeee o iaoeeaioia n coai/aethnoiuie aiiiaeeyie //
I?oiaeaio-eioi. — Iineaa. — 1999. — ?2. — N.42-43.

Iaoaioe

20. Iao. 22005 A. Oe?a?ia A 61 N 7/00. Niinia i?iaiicoaaiiy
i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy / Athe. ? 2. — ? 96051229; cayae. 17.05.96;
Iioae. 30.04.98.

21. Iao. 22004 A. Oe?a?ia A 61 N 7/00. Niinia i?iaiicoaaiiy oneeaaeaiue
i?oiaeiioe/iiai eieoaaiiy / Athe. ? 2. — ? 96051928; Cayae. 17.05.96;
Iioae. 30.04.98.

22. Iao. 22086 A. Oe?a?ia A 61 N 19/04, A 61 N 7/00. I?eno?ie aeey
oioiiao?i? iaee//y./ Athe. ? 2 — ? 97041701; Cayae. 10.04.97; Iioae.
30.04.98.

Cai?iee

23. I?oiaeiioey // Nai?iee oanoiauo aii?inia e ioaaoia.
Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay aooanoaoeeiiiay nenoaia. Ieienoa?noai
cae?aaiio?aiaiey Oe?aeiu. Annioeeaoeey «Iaaeeioi?iaoeea». Oe?aeineay
iaaeeoeeineay noiiaoieiae/aneay aeaaeaiey. «AieE» — «Iieoaaa». -Eeaa. —
1995. — 103 n. (a niiaaao. Ni?ee A .A., Niaaethe E .A.).

Noaooi o cai?ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue

24. ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue a?oenecia n?aaee aeaoae ?aciiai aic?anoa e
iaeioi?ua aniaeou aai yoeieiaee // Oiciieiaiy oa iaoieiaiy iioiioaoo
aaiinoaco oa ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy eiiiaeia (cai?ea iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). —
Iieoaaa. — 1997. — N. 138-140 (a niiaaao. Aeia?iaieuenueea I.I.).

25. Iniaaiiinoe i?ee?aieaiey iyaeeo oeaiae iieinoe ?oa a oneiaeyo
iiauoaiiiai niaea?aeaiey ooi?a a ieoueaaie aiaea // Oiciieiaiy oa
iaoieiaiy iioiioaoo aaiinoaco oa ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiy eiiiaeia (cai?ea
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). — Iieoaaa. — 1997. — N. 138-140 (a niiaaao.
Ea?anthiie I.I.).

26. Niiaeii-aaiaoe/ii i?iaeaie oniaaeeoaaiiy aiiiaeie i?eeono //
Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie noiiaoieiai?. Iiai iaoiaeeee oa oaoiieiai?. —
Eueaia. — 1998. — N. 84.

27. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?oieiai? oa ooieoei? i?e aeenoaeueiiio i?eeoni o
aeioae a ia?iiae ciiie coaia // Eieoaaiiy i ?aaaieioaoeiy oai?eo c
noiiaoieiai/iith iaoieiai?th (cai?ea iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). — Oa?eia. —
1993. — N. 60-63 (a niiaaao. Aeoai?i O.TH.).

Iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei?

28. Iaoiaeeea ea/aiey i?iaiaoee n iiiiuueth
ooieoeeiiaeueii-aeaenoaothueo aiia?aoia // Iaoiae, ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. —
Iieoaaa. — 1982. — N. 9 (a niiaaao. Aeoai?i O.TH., Aeaa’yoeei A.I.).

29. I?ioeeaeoeea coai/aethnoiuo aiiiaeee o o/aueony ia/aeueiuo eeannia,
aeeaoueo a ?aeiiao n aunieei niaea?aeaieai ooi?a a ieoueaaie aiaea //
Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. — Eeaa. — 1984 (a niiaaao. A?eai?’?aa
E.I., Iaaeaiei E.A. oa iioi).

Oace

30. I?oiaeiioe/aneay e i?oiiaaee/aneay iiiiuue aeaoyi a ?aaeiiao n
iiauoaiiui niaea?aeaieai ooi?a a ieoueaaie aiaea (a niiaaao.). — Oacenu
aeieeaaea VII Ananithciiai nuacaea noiiaoieiaia. — Oaoeaio. — 1981. — N.
182-183.

31. Niaoeeoe/aneay e ianiaoeeoe/aneay i?ioeeaeoeea coai/aethnoiuo
aeaoi?iaoeee o aeaoae a ?aaeiia n aunieei niaea?aeaieai ooi?a a
ieoueaaie aiaea // A ei.: «I?aaiecaoeey noiiaoieiae/aneie iiiiue e
aii?inu i?oiiaaee/aneie noiiaoieiaee» / Oacenu VIII nuacaea
noiiaoieiaia. — Aieaia?aae. — 30.09. — 2.10.1987. — O. I, I.- 1987 (a
niiaaao. A?eai?’?aa E.I., Iaaeaiei I.A. oa iioi).

32. Auc?anoiae iniaaiinoe ia eeeieeaoa e ea/aieaoi ia i?iaiaoe/ia
caoaiea i?e aeaoeaoa (Aic?anoiua iniaaiiinoe eeeieee e ea/aiey
i?iaiaoe/aneiai i?eeona o aeaoae) — XV Iaoeeiiaeai eiia?an ii
noiiaoieiaey. ?acthiaoa. Nuacae ia ia/ieoa iaaeeoeeinee ae?oaeanoaa
iao/ii ae?oaeanoai ii noiiaoieiae. — 12-14 ieoiia?e. — 1990. — Ieiaaeea.
-N. 119 (a niiaaao. A?eai?’?aa E.I., Aeoai?i O.TH., Aieiaei I.A.).

33. New aspects of malooclusion // Abstracts 74-th Congress of the
European Orthodontic Sosiety (71-st Congress of the Germany Orthodontic
Sosiety). -EOS/DGKFO. — 2-7 June 1998. — N 159.

34. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea aeeaaiinoeee e ea/aiey i?iaiaoe/aneiai i?eeona o
aeaoae // Eiiieaeniia ea/aiea e i?ioeeaeoeea noiiaoieiae/aneeo
caaieaaaiee. — Iaoa?eaeu VII nuacaea noiiaoieiaia ONN?. — Eeaa. — 1989.
-N. 282-283 (a niiaaao. A?eai?’?aa E.I., Aeoai?i O.TH.).

35. ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue coai/aethnoiuo aiiiaeee o aeaoae ieaaeoaai
oeieueiiai aic?anoa // Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, caei?iauea
naeueneiai ianaeaiey, i?eeeaaeiua e ooiaeaiaioaeueiua i?iaeaiu
iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee. Iaoa?eaeu iaeanoiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
eiioa?aioeee. — Iieoaaa. — 1989. — N. 60-61.

36. Acaeiinaycue oa?aeoa?a i?eeona e iauaoece/aneiai ?acaeoey aeaoae //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, caei?iauea naeueneiai ianaeaiey,
i?eeeaaeiua e ooiaeaiaioaeueiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee.
Iaoa?eaeu iaeanoiie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee. — Iieoaaa. — 1989.
— N. 59-60.

37. Caaeneiinoue ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe iniiaiuo noiiaoieiae/aneeo
caaieaaaiee io aeioeie/aneeo oneiaee ianoiinoe // Oacenu I Ananithciie
eiioa?aioeee 20-21.09.1990 a. «Ninoiyiea i?oiaeiioe/aneie iiiiue a NNN?
e ia?niaeoeaa aa ?acaeoey». — Iieoaaa. — 1990. — N. 164-165 (a niiaaao.
Iiaeeueiee A. A.).

38. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ninoiyiey i?eeona o aeaoae 1,5-3 eao a. Iieoaau //
Ninoiyiea i?oiaeiioe/aneie iiiiue a NNN? e ia?niaeoeau ae ?acaeoey.
-Oacenu I Ananithciie eiioa?aioeee 20-21.09.1990 a. — Iieoaaa. — 1990. —
N. 45-46.

39. Iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey e?eoa?ey aeieiae/aneie c?aeinoe i?aaiecia
?aaaiea e naycue aai ni no?iaieai coai/aethnoiie nenoaiu // Iaoiaeeea
aeeaaiinoeee ea/aiey e i?ioeeaeoeee iniiaiuo noiiaoieiae/aneeo
caaieaaaiee. — Eeaa. — 1990, — N. 25.

40. Aeeiaieea aic?anoiuo ii?oieiae/aneeo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo eciaiaiee o
aeaoae n i?iaiaoe/aneei i?eeonii a ia?eiae niaiu coaia // Ninoiyiea
i?oiaeiioe/aneie iiiiue a NNN? e ia?niaeoeau ae ?acaeoey (Oacenu I
Ananithciie eiioa?aioeee 20-21 naioya?y). — Iieoaaa. — 1990. — N. 46-47
(a niiaaao. Aeoai?i O.TH.).

41. Cia/aiea ineoio?aaie?othuaai oaeoi?a a?aaeiuo aeaoneeo i?eau/ae aeey
i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu noiiaoieiaee. Iaoa?eaeu
aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee, iinayuaiiua 70-eaoeth einoeoooa. — Iieoaaa. —
1991. — O. 1. — N. 102-103 (a niiaaao. N?aeeo E.A.).

42. I?ioeeaeoeea aiiiaeee i?eeona o aeaoae ieaaeoaai aeioeieueiiai
aic?anoa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu noiiaoieiaee. Iaoa?eaeu aeieeaaeia
eiioa?aioeee, iinayuaiiie 70-eaoeth einoeoooa. — Iieoaaa. — 1991. — O.
1. — N. 103-104 (a niiaaao. Niaaethe E.A, Nooiieeiiaa O.ss.).

43. Aiaeec i?e/ei iieiiie i?oiaeiioe/aneeo aiia?aoia // Aeooaeueii
ieoaiey noiiao, aeeoy/iai aieo i i?oiaeiioi?. ?anioaeieainueea iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioeiy. Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae 24-25 eenoiiaaea. — Iieoaaa. — 1993.
— N. 110-111 (a niiaaao. Eeieoaiei A.A.).

44. Ioeaee coaiiai oaoieea a ?aaioa n i?oiaeiioe/aneie i?iaieieie //
Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy noiiao, aeeoy/iai aieo i i?oiaeiioi?.
?anioaeieainueea iaoeiaa eiioa?aioeiy. Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae 24-25
eenoiiaaea. — Iieoaaa. — 1993. — N. 109-116 (a niiaaao. Eeieoaiei
A.A.).

45. ?acoeueoaou ineoiei??aeoeee o aeaoae n iaa?ioe/aneeie i?eau/iuie
aeaenoaeyie // Aeo. aii?inu ineoeao?e/aneie i?aeoeee. — Aui. 7. —
Iieoaaa. — 1993. — N. 114-116 (a niiaaao. N?aeeo E.A.).

46. Iaeioi?ua ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeaoae n iaa?ioe/aneeie
i?eau/iuie aeaenoaeyie // Aeooaeueii ieoaiey aeeoy/i? ineoiao?i?.
Iaoa?iaee ia?aaee-naiiia?o aeeoy/eo ineoiao?ia. — Oa?eia. — 11-12
aeiaoiy 1994 ?. — N. 33-34 (a niiaaao. N?aeeo E.A.).

47. Aieiai ciiie aeaeo?ieiiaoe/iiai iioaioeiaeo eeioeiieo yaea? o aeioae
oeieueiiai aieo c i?oiaeiioe/ieie aiiiaeiyie // Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie
i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieiai?. Iaoa?iaee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?.
-Iaaii-O?aieianuee. — 1995.- N. 45 (a niiaaao. Eieoia?aa O.A., Oaoaacia
A.A.).

48. Ioeaiea i?eeona aeaoae 1,5-3 eao ii e?eoa?eth aeieiae/aneie c?aeinoe
i?aaiecia // Ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiue noaoon ieaeiieoathueo e ioeoe.
Ieienoa?noai naeueneiai oicyenoaa e i?iaeiaieuenoaey Oe?aeiu. E?uineee
naeueoic ei-o. E?uineee iaae. ei-o. — Neioa?iiieue. — 1995. — N. 178.

49. ?ieue aaiaoe/aneeo oaeoi?ia a oi?ie?iaaiee aiiiaeee i?eeona //
Aeooaeueii ieoaiey oai?aoe/ii? oa eeiii/ii? iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio
?iaii (Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?. — 20 o?aaiy 1996
?.). — Iieoaaa. — 1996.- N. 216.

50. Aea/aiiy iaee//y o aeioae c naaioaeueieie aiiiaeiyie i?eeono ca
aeiiiiiaith neiino?oeiaaiiai oioinoaoa // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii?
oa eeiii/ii? iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio ?iaii (Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?. — 20 o?aaiy 1996 ?.). — Iieoaaa. — 1996. — N.
217. (a niiaaao. Nooiieeiiaa O.ss.).

51. I?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey a?aaeiuo aeaoneeo i?eau/ae e iaoiaeu eo
ineoiei??aeoeee // Oace aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aii?
70-?i//th i?io. I. O. Iaeneiaiea. — 1992. — N. 93-94 (a niiaaao. N?aeeo
E.A.).

52. Eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy aeioae c naaioaeueieie aiiiaeiyie
aeioeieueiiai oa iieiaeoiai oeieueiiai aieo a i. Iieoaaa // Aeooaeueii
ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii? oa eeiii/ii? iaaeeoeeie ia no/aniiio ?iaii
(Iaoa?iaee aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?. — 20 o?aaiy 1996 ?.). —
Iieoaaa. — 1996. — N. 217-218, (a niiaaao. Nooiieeiiaa O .ss.).

53. Iooe ?aoaiey i?iaeaiu i?a?uaaiey i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey //
Nia?aiaiiay noiiaoieiaey e /aethnoii-eeoeaaay oe?o?aey. (Nai?iee oacenia
1 ?anioaeeeaineie eiioa?aioeee 15-16 yiaa?y). — Eeaa. — 1998. — N.
252-253 (a niiaaao. Aeue-Oaeii Aoiaae).

54. Ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey i?iaiaoe/aneiai aeenoaeueiiai i?eeona
o aeaoae ?acee/iuie ooieoeeiiaeueiuie i?oiaeiioe/aneeie aiia?aoaie (a
niiaaao. A?eai?ueaaa E.I.) // Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann e caei?iauea
/aeiaaea (Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaeanoiie eiioa?aioeee). — Iieoaaa. — 1987.
-N. 85-86.

55. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay eciai/eainoue yeaeo?iieia?aoe/aneeo iieacaoaeae
aeaaaoaeueiuo iuooe o aeaoae n aeenoaeueiui i?eeonii a ia?eiae niaiu
coaia // Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann, io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu,
ooiaeaiaioaeueiua i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee (Oacenu aeieeaaeia
iaeanoiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee). — Iieoaaa. — 1988. — N. 54.

56. Noiiaoieiae/aneea caaieaaaiey o aeaoae a ?aaeiia n aunieei
niaea?aeaieai ooi?a a ieoueaaie aiaea, eo ea/aiea e i?ioeeaeoeea //
Io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e caei?iauea (Oacenu aeieeaaeia iaeanoiie
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee). — Iieoaaa. — 1986. — N. 133-134 (a
niiaaao. A?eai?ueaaa E.I., Iaaeaiei E.A. oa ii.).

57.Iiaua aeaiiua ia aaeaioaoeee iuooe aeaaaoaeueiie a?oiiu a i?ioeanna
ea/aiey aeenoaeueiiai i?eeona ?aaoeyoi?ii ooieoeee ii aeaiiui YIA //
Nia?aiaiiua iaoiaeu aeeaaiinoeee e ea/aiey a iaaeeoeeia (Oacenu
aeieeaaeia iaeanoiie eiioa?aioeee). — Iieoaaa. — 1996. — N. 64.

58. ?ieue ineoieiae/aneiai oaeoi?a, aucuaathuaai a?aaeiua i?eau/ee o
aeaoae eae i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey iaoieiaee i?eeona // Aeooaeueiua
aii?inu ineoeao?e/aneie i?aeoeee. — Iieoaaa. — 1991. — N. 23-25.

Aiioaoe?y. Eo?i?aeiaa A.Ae. «Eiiieaenia ioe?iea oai?iae «coaiuaeaiia
aiaoii?y» oa i?iaiic e?eoaaiiy i?oiaeiioe/ieo iaoe??io?a» — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y. — Oe?a?inueea iaaee/ia
noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iieoaaa, 1999.

Caoeua?oueny iiiia?ao?y, 58 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, 3 aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa,
ye? ai?uothoue ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/ieo, aaiaoe/ieo, a?ieia?/ieo oa
ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue uiaei aecia/aiiy niaaeeiaino?,
aeeciioiaaiaoe/iiai oeio ?icaeoeo i?aai?cio oa aioo??oiuei? ea?oeie
oai?iae «coaiuaeaiia aiiiae?y», a oaeiae nenoaia i?iaiicoaaiiy
ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy aei eiai ii/aoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: coaiuaeaii? aiiiae??, niaaeeia?noue, a?ieia?/iee a?e,
aeeciioiaaiaoe/iee oei ?icaeoeo i?aai?cio, aioo??oiy ea?oeia oai?iae,
i?iaiicoaaiiy, ia?niaeoeae i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy, i?eieiaiiy
i?oiaeiioe/iiai e?eoaaiiy, oe?aeeea? aeeoy/? cae/ee.

Aiiioaoeey. Eo?iaaeiaa A.Ae. «Eiiieaeniay ioeaiea aieacie
«coai/aethnoiay aiiiaeey» e i?iaiic ea/aiey i?oiaeiioe/aneeo
iaoeeaioia». Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a
iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.22 — Noiiaoieiaey.
Oe?aeineay iaaeeoeeineay noiiaoieiae/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iieoaaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony iiiia?aoey, 58 iao/iuo ?aaio, 3 aaoi?neeo naeaeaoaeuenoaa,
eioi?ua niaea?aeao ?acoeueoaou eeeie/aneeo, aaiaoe/aneeo, aeieiae/aneeo
e ineoieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee ii ii?aaeaeaieth ianeaaenoaaiiinoe,
aeeciioiaaiaoe/aneiai oeia ?acaeoey i?aaiecia e aioo?aiiae ea?oeiu
aieacie «coai/aethnoiay aiiiaeey», a oaeaea nenoaia i?iaiice?iaaiey
ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey aei aai ia/aea.

I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniia ianeaaeiaaiea e ea/aiea 1737 iaoeeaioia n
aieaciueth «coai/aethnoiay aiiiaeey». Inouanoae?i iiiaii?ioeeueiue
aiaeec: eeeie/aneee, aaiaoe/aneee, aeieiae/aneee, ineoieiae/aneee ia
1566 iaoeeaioao a aic?anoa io 6 aei 30 eao ii 4 aic?anoiui a?oiiai.

Ii?aaeaeaia no?oeoo?a ia?auaaiinoe e i?oiaeiioo. Auyaeaia caaeneiinoue
io aic?anoa, iiea, ianoiaeeoaeuenoaa e aeaea i?eeona. *aua ia?auathony
aeaoe 9-13 eao e iiae?inoee, aeaiueiu e ai?iaeneea aeeoaee, iieiaeia ec
eioi?uo iaoeeaioia n iaoieiaeae ? ee. ii Yiaeth. I?a?uaatho
i?oiaeiioe/aneia ea/aiea 35,7% iaoeeaioia, /aua anaai iiae?inoee, iaeia
ec aeaaiuo i?e/ei eioi?iai iaaeinoaoi/iay iioeaaoeey iaoeeaioia.

Auyaeaiu aunieea cia/aiey ianeaaenoaaiiinoe aeey anao aeaeia aiiiaeee:
aeey iaoieiaee ?? ee. ii Yiaeth-66,7% aeey i?iaaiee – 84%, aiiiaeey ?
ee. ii Yiaeth ia iiaeeaaeaea aaiaoe/aneiio aiaeeco, o.e. naiaeiay
/anoioa i?e ionoonoaee aaiaoe/aneie caaeneiinoe niioaaonoaiaaea
iiioeyoeeiiiie e cia/aiey n?aaeiauo oaeoi?ia i/aiue aaeeee. *anoioa
neo/aaa iaoieiaee ?? ee. ii Yiaeth n?aaee ?iaeeoaeae i?iaaiaea
ninoaaeyao 25%, i?e ??? ee. – 17,9%.

Aia?aua iaoiaeii ii?aaeaeaiey yeaeo?iiaaaoeaiiai iioaioeeaea eeaoi/iiai
yae?a ii?aaeaeaii yaeaiea aeeciioiaaiaca o iaoeeaioia i?e aieacie
«coai/aethnoiay aiiiaeey». Onei?aiiue iioiaaiac – aaniiay i?e/eia a
aicieeiiaaiee ianniaiai ia?ooaiey i?eeona o aeaoae 6-8 eao. Auyaeaia
caaea?aeea oece/aneiai ?acaeoey o iiae?inoeia n C*A, /oi oeacuaaao ia
naycue ?acaeoey coai/aethnoiie nenoaiu n iaueie eiinoeoooeeiiaeueiuie
iniaaiiinoyie ?acaeoey i?aaiecia, iaaa?iiie/iia ?acaeoea eioi?iai a
ethaii aic?anoa yaeyaony i?e/eiie iaee/ey iaoieiaee i?eeona e ia iaiyao
noaio a i?ioeanna i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey. Aaiaoe/anee caeiaeaiiay
i?ia?aiia ?acaeoey i?aaiecia i?e aieacie C*A nio?aiyaony,
i?oiaeiioe/aneia ea/aiea iineo yieaaiaoe/aneee oa?aeoa?.

Iaeaeaia aunieay ?ani?ino?ai?iiinoue i?eeona o aeaoae 1,5-5 eao.
Auyaeaia naycue iaaeaeo oi?ie?iaaieai iaoieiae/aneiai i?eeona, iauae
iaa?ioecaoeeae aeaoae, iaee/eai a?aaeiuo aeaoneeo i?eau/ae e
neiaeiinoueth naiaeiie neooaoeee. Iaoiaeii ineoieiae/aneie ei??aeoeee n
aeaoueie e eo ?iaeeoaeyie ia i?ioyaeaiee 2-o eao auee ono?aiaiu a?aaeiua
i?eau/ee, /oi i?eaaei e ii?iaeecaoeee i?eeona. Auyaeaiiue aeeciioiaaiac
i?e aieacie C*A ia oiia aunieeo iieacaoaeae ianeaaenoaaiiinoe e
ianniaiai ?ani?ino?aiaiey iaoieiaee i?eeona o?aaoao ?aiieo
i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo e ea/aaiuo ia?ii?eyoee.

Ii?aaeaeaia «noiiaoioiaey», eioi?ay ia caaeneo io aic?anoa e iiea e
aeeeoaeueii nio?aiyaony. Ea/aiea o i?oiaeiioa, ioiioaiea e aai
ia?niaeoeaai e i?oiaeiioe/aneiio aiia?aoo ioeaieaaaony i?aeiouanoaaiii
iieiaeeoaeueii e oaaee/eaaaony a i?ioeanna ei??aeoeee. Ianueiiua
eiino?oeoeee aucuaatho aieueoa neiiaoee o iiae?inoeia e ac?ineuo.

Aia?aua ?ac?aaioaii iiiyoea aioo?aiiae ea?oeiu aieacie e iaoiaeeea
«noiiaoieiae/aneay naiiioeaiea» o iaoeeaioia n aieaciueth C*A, auyaeaia
caeiiiia?iinoue naiiioeaiee aiaoiinoe io aic?anoa. Auaeaeaiu aeaee AEO:
iioeiaeueiue, iaaaeaeaaoii-caauoaiiue, iaaaeaeaaoii-caieaeaiiue,
aeaoi?ie?iaaiiue, eioi?ua caaenyo io ee/iinoiuo iniaaiiinoae iaoeeaioia,
a ia io aeaea ia?ooaiey i?eeona. A aeeiaieea i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey
aini?eyoea eeoeaaie ynoaoeee i?aeiouanoaaiii oeo/oaaony. O ac?ineuo
aeaaea i?e oniaoiii ea/aiee nio?aiyaony aa iaaaoeaiia aini?eyoea, /oi
aeieacuaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?aiiaai aiaoaoaeuenoaa.

Iino?iaia nenoaia i?iaiice?iaaiey ia?niaeoea i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey,
?ac?aaioai eiaeaen AIE – aioiaiinoe e i?oiaeiioe/aneiio ea/aieth,
iicaieythuee ii?aaeaeeoue noaiaiue iioeaaoeee e ea/aieth, caaeneo io
aioo?aiiae ea?oeiu aieacie e iicaieyao i?iaiice?iaaoue yooaeoeaiinoue
i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey. ?ac?aaioaiu eiie?aoiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
i?iaaaeaieth i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo e ea/aaii-?aaaeeeaoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee
ii iiauoaieth iioeaaoeee e i?oiaeiioe/aneiio ea/aieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: coai/aethnoiua aiiiaeee, ianeaaenoaaiiinoue,
aeieiae/aneee aic?ano, aeeciioiaaiaoe/aneee oei ?acaeoey i?aaiecia,
aioo?aiiyy ea?oeia aieacie, i?iaiice?iaaiea, ia?niaeoeau
i?oiaeiioe/aneiai ea/aiey, a?aaeiua aeaoneea i?eau/ee.

Summary. Kuroyedowa V.D. «Complex evaluation of the disease
«malocclusion» and prognose of the treatment of orthodontic patients».

The thesis for the Scientific Degree of the Doctor of Medical Sciences
to the speciality 14.01.22 — Dentistry, the Ukrainian Medical Dental
Academy, Poltava, 1999.

A monograph, 58 scientific works, 3 patents are defended. They contain
the results of clinical genetic, biological and psychological
investigations asto definition of hereditory, disontogenetic type of
organism development and inner picture of disease «malocclusion», as
well as system of prognose of orthodontic treatment prospects befor its
beginning.

Key words: malooclusion, hereditability, biological age, dison-togenetic
type of organism, inner picture of disease, prognose, prospects of
orthodontic treatment, pernicious child’s habits, break off orthodontic
treatment.

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