IAOeIIIAEUeIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAIIss OE?A?IE

Iiaii ss?INEAAA IOAe?IAI

ETHA*AIEI Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 342.55

EIIIAOAIOeIss IINOeAAIAI NAIIA?ssAeOAAIIss:

I?AAIICAOeIEII-I?AAIAI IEOAIIss ?AAEICAOeI?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.02. – eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ssai?nueeee
Aieiaeeie? Aeieo?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai?
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, aeioeaio eaoaae?e aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? O?eoeueeee Ieaa
Oaaei?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eie?niee A?eoi? Iaaeiae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
aeioeaio eaoaae?e eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a eiinoeoooe?eiiai ? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “_____” ____________ 1998 ?. i _____ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.086.03 a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
th?eaee/i?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “___” ____________ 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee AEeaaee?i I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ye aeaiie?aoe/ii?,
nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai iaoai?cio ? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, /a?ac ye?, ca?aeii no. 5 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ia?iae
cae?enith? aeaaeo. No/ani? iie?oe/i? e aeiiii?/i? ia?aoai?aiiy a Oe?a?ii
ni?yiiaai? ia a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ieo naiaiae, aa?oiaainoaa i?aaa ?
caeiio. Oeaio?aeueiei aniaeoii oeueiai i?ioeano ? no?oeoo?ia
?ai?aai?caoe?y ooieoe?e oeaio?o e oei??iaiiy ia i?noeaaiio ??ai?
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Iniiaith /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie noa?
o?einio?y i??i?eoaoo i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie ? a?iiaaeyieia, ioae?/i?
?inoeoooe ?aoi?iothoueny c i???ioaoe??th ia ?o caaacia/aiiy.
?aeaieia?/i? oa aeiiii?/i? /eiieee nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy
aeaaeieo no?oeoo? ia i?noeyo, noaiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aoaeoeai?noue yeiai coiiaeth?oueny iioeiaeuei?noth
i?aaiicaoei?, ii?aeiaiiyi ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae oa oa?eoi??aeueieo
a?iiaae, aea?aeaaii? aa?oeeae? oa ?i?oe?aoeae iec?a. Iioeiaeueia i?aaiaa
?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia? nooo?aa
cia/aiiy aeey ?o aieeao ia noni?euei? a?aeiineie, ianaiia?aae ia
c?inoaiiy aeia?iaooo ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? ia a?aeiia?aei?e
oa?eoi???, ui ? aieiaiith iaoith ? caaaeaiiyi ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?a.

A aniaeo? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?
oipioaaiiy aea?aeaaiino? a Oepa?ii iaeieie c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue ?:
a) noai?aiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?, aoaeoeaii ae?th/i? nenoaie i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy; a) iaaeaiiy eiio iaiao?aeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue aeey
?acoeueoaoeaiiai aeeiiaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieie a?iiaaeaie nai?o caaea/ ?
ooieoe?e; a) caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth i?aaiia
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy; a) noai?aiiy iaeaaeieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo iaoai?ci?a caaacia/aiiy naiino?eiino? ? caoenoo
i?aa i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Ianoae?noue oa noia?a/i?noue /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?aaoethth/iai i?aaiaee noaoon iinoeaaiai
naiiapyaeoaaiiy, a?aenooi?noue caeiio, ui aecia/a? i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e, i?ecaiaeyoue aei eiioe?eo?a i?ae ieie.
Iniiaiiieiaeieie ieoaiiyie ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aai?a iinoeaaiai
naiiapyaeoaaiiy ? /?oea ?iciaaeoaaiiy ?o ooieoe?e ? eiiiaoaioe??,
cae??ieaiiy ia caeiiiaeaa/iio ??ai? iaoai?ci?a ?ica’ycaiiy aeieeath/eo
eiioe?eo?a, caaacia/aiiy aca?iiae?? oeeo i?aai?a c aea?aeaaieie
i?aaiaie. Nooo?aa cia/aiiy aeey oai??? oa i?aeoeee ia? anoaiiaeaiiy
iaae? aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? aeapaeaaii? aeaaee, aecia/aiiy oi?i
aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth ca ae?yeuei?noth i?aai?a iinoeaaiai
naiiapyaeoaaiiy, iaiao?aeii /?oei a?aaoethaaoe i?ioeaaeo?o, aecia/eoe
ooieoe?? ? iiaiiaaaeaiiy eiio?iethth/eo i?aaiia. I?iaeaie eiiiaoaioe??
i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy aoee i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
oao?aoe?a eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa oa aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, cie?aia,
aeine?aeaeoaaany iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? eiiiaoaioe?? a nenoai? i?noeaaeo
?aae ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a (Uaei/eoei I.A.), iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe??
iiaiiaaaeaiue ?aaeaie ia?iaeieo aeaiooao?a (Iaeauaiei A.O.), i?aaia? oa
i?aai?caoe?ei? i?iaeaie ?aae?caoe?? iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy (A?eoeye ?.A.).

Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie 1996 ?. eiioeaiooaeueii, ii-iiaiio aecia/eea
i?aaiaee noaoon i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ui noaei iniiaith aaaaeaiiy
eaoaai??? “eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy”, yea ia a?aeeeaea?,
oa?i?i “eiiiaoaioe?y i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, yeee ? aeaui
aoae/ei ? a?aeiineoueny ia aei iiaiiaaaeaiue an??? oa?eoi??aeueii?
a?iiaaee, a o?eueee aei ?? i?aai?a. Oea eyaei a iniiao Caeiio “I?i
i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?” a?ae 21.05.97?. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai,
aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue aiae?co eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
a ia ie?aieo eiai i?aai?a, ye oea aoei ?ai?oa. Ne?ae i?aee?aneeoe, ui a
/eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie aeiionea?oueny aeia?eueia canoinoaaiiy
oaeeo oa?i?i?a ye “ooieoei?”, “eiiiaoaioe?y”, “iiaiiaaaeaiiy”,
“i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy”, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia i?aeoeeo
i?aaicanoinoaaiiy. A th?eaee/i?e iaooe? a?aenooi? /?oea aecia/aiiy
iiiyooy eiiiaoaioei? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c
ooieoe?yie, iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia i?aaiaa i?e?iaea aeaeaaiaaieo
iiaiiaaaeaiue. Oiio ?nio? iaaaeueia iio?aaa aeaoaeueiiai ? aeeaieiai
ii?aoethaaiiy an?o aniaeo?a eiiiaoaioe?? iinoeaaiai naiiapyaeoaaiiy.
A?aenooi?noue aeinoaoiueiai a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy aeiaaa? i?e aea/aii? oeueiai ieoaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaoe
ca?oa?aeia caeiiiaeaanoai oa ipaeoeeo ?iaioe i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee oa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi a?o/eciyii? niaoeeo?ee.

Aeniea aeeiai?/i?noue i ?ioaineai?noue iie?oe/ieo i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a o noni?euenoa? e aea?aeaa?
iio?aaothoue ia?ainieneaiiy aaaaoueio oai?aoe/ieo i i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?iaie
i?aaiai? iaoee, o oiio /ene?, a?aeiinii i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.
Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i iai?yio eiai ?icaeoeo,
iioeiaeueiiai niiaaiaeiioaiiy eiai eiiiaoaioe?? c i?aaiaie aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ia i?noeyo iio?aao? a?eueo /?oei?, ai?ae nueiaiaei?,
?aaeaiaioaoe?? iiaiiaaaeaiue oeeo i?aaiia. Oea iiaeiii aooe ni?yiiaaii
ia caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
ye aeaiie?aoe/ii? ?inoeoooe?? a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa, yea
ciaoiaeeoueny a Oe?a?i? a noaae?? noaiiaeaiiy.

Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui iacaai? i?iaeaie ciaoiaeyoueny a ii/aoeia?e noaaei?
nai?? ?ic?iaee, ??aaiue iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy ieoaiue ?aae?caoe??
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? iaaeinoaoi?i i iio?aao?
a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ii naiiio oe?ieiio eieo ieoaiue.

Aeeeaaeaia aieeioei ia aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?? ? i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeooaeueieo ieoaiue.

Iaoa e iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy

Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ?iaioe ? eiiieaeniee aiae?c ii?iaoeaii? aace
a?o/eciyiiai oa ca?oa?aeiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, iaoeiaeo aeinyaiaiue i
i?aeoeee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaaee ia i?noeyo aeey aecia/aiiy iiiyooy oa
ci?noo eiiiaoaioe?? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a eiioaeno? oi?ioaaiiy a
Oe?a?ii aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, aecia/aiiy
oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, a ia?oo
/a?ao, /a?ac oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai noaoono.

Cacia/aia iaoa aecia/eee ianooii? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe iiiyooy “eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy”,
aecia/eoe ?? aeaiaioiee neeaae, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? ? ooieoe?e
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

— aecia/eoe caaaeuei? oa niaoeeo?/i? ?ene iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
aeine?aeeoe aaiethoe?th eiai ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i?;

— aecia/eoe ?ieue i i?noea cae??ieaiiy eiiiaoaioei? i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a caaaeueiiio ?aaoethaaii? eiai i?aaiaiai noaoono;

— ia iniia? aiae?co /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ?ice?eoe nooi?noue ? ci?no
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?;

— aecia/eoe ?ieue i?aaiia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa ?o iinaaeiaeo
in?a o ?aae?caoe?? eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

— cai?iiiioaaoe eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa eiai i?aai?a c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeiyeueiinoi.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen noni?eueieo a?aeiinei o nenoai?
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ye? neeaaeathoueny o i?ioean? ?aaeicaoei?
eiiiaoaioe?? noa’?eoaie oe??? nenoaie.

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy — i?aaiicaoeieii-i?aaiai i?iaeaie ?aaeicaoei?
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? eiai i?aai?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue
no/ani? iaoiaee i?ciaiiy, aeeth/ath/e ye caaaeueiiiaoeia?
(ae?aeaeoeei-iaoa??ae?noe/iee, nenoaiiee, nioe?ieia?/iee), oae ?
niaoe?aeuei? (ii?iaiyeueii-i?aaiaee, ii?iaoeaii-th?eaee/iee,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, noaoenoe/iee, iaoiae iiaeaethaaiiy ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ii.). Canoinoaaiiy oeeo iaoiae?a aeaei iiaeeea?noue
?icaeyiooe eiiiaoaioe?th i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ye oe?e?nio
ioae?/ii-i?aaiao eaoaai??th ? yaeua.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo a aaeocyo: oai??? aea?aeaae i i?aaa, eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa ?
aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, o?iainiaiai,
oeea?eueiiai, aeieia?/iiai i?aaa, a oaeiae i?aoei c o?einio??,
nioe?aeueii? ineoieia??, ?noi???, a yeeo aeine?aeaeothoueny
i?aaiicaoeieii-i?aaiai i?iaeaie ?aae?caoe?? eiiiaoaioe??, cie?aia,
aeine?aeaeaiiy N.Ae?en??aa, A.Aoaiai/oea, TH.Aeoyea, A.Aa?aaaoaaa,
?.Aa/eei, A.Ai?aeaithea, ?.Aooei, E.Aaeioiaa, A.Aieeiaa, I.Ai?iiiaa,
I.A?eoeyea, ?.Aeaaeaeiaa, ?.Ae?aai, A.Eie?nieea, I.Ei?ii?iea,
I.E?aniiaa, E.E?eaaiei, I.Eooaoiia, A.Eaca??aa, A.Iaiioiia, I.I?cioa,
?.Iaaeianueeiai, A.Iiai??eea, A.No?aooia, TH.Oiaeeee, TH.Oeoiie?iaa,
A.Oaae??aa, I.O?eoeueeiai, I.Oea?ea, TH.Oai/ooaiea, E.Oa?aiaoa,
A.ssai?nueeiai, A.sseiiiaa, ?ioeo a/aieo.

Aeena?oaioii aeei?enoai? oaeiae ?iaioe aei?aaiethoe?eieo aaoi??a, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaee i?iaeaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy: A.Aacia?aciaa,
I.A?ooaanueeiai, A.ssuaiea, — a oaeiae i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo aaoi?ia.

Ii?iaoeaio aaco iaoeiai? ?iaioe neeaaeathoue /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai
Oe?a?ie oa i?aaia? aeoe i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ii?iaoeaii aeoe, ui noinothoueny oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?
ye? ae?yee ?ai?oa.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa ia oai?aoe/iiio
??ai? aea?oueny iiiyooy, ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no ? nooi?noue eiiiaoaioe??
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aaiicaoeieii-i?aaiai i?iaeaie ??
?aae?caoe??. Aeena?oaio ia ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio ??ai? aeine?aeea neeaaeia?
aeaiaioe eiiiaoaioe??, i?iaiae?coaaa eaoaai??th “ieoaiiy i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy”, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue ia?ainieneeoe aeaye? oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy iaoee eiinoeoooe?eiiai i?aaa, aeeeanoe ?o a aaoi?nueeiio
?icoi?ii? ??oaiiy eiiieaeno i?iaeai i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioei?
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii eiiieaen
iieiaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiue, aeniiae?a oa i?iiiceoe?e, c yeeo ia caoeno
aeiinyoueny ne?aeoth/?:

— eiiiaoaioeiy i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy — oea i?aaiaa eaoaai??y, ui
aeeth/a? a naaa i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy ? aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, aecia/aia
Eiinoeoooe??th ? caeiiaie Oe?a?ie, ia? aioo??oith ?aei?noue e
ocaiaeaeai?noue ? aeeth/a? a naaa eiiiaoaioe?th oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee
oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

— ?aae?caoe?y eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy cae?enith?oueny
caaaeyee ioae?/iiio oa?aeoa?o iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;

— aei aiaeaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieo a?iiaae iiaeiii a?aeiineoenue ae??oaiiy
on?o ieoaiue iinoeaaiai cia/aiiy, e??i oeo, ui aoiaeyoue aei
eiiiaoaioei? i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee;

— aecia/aiiy ia eiinoeoooe?eiiio ??ai? eaoaai??? “ieoaiiy iinoeaaiai
cia/aiiy” ni?eyei a oa?eoi??aeueiei a?iiaaeai, ?o i?aaiai a aeoeaiiio
a?aenoithaaii? nai?o i?aa;

— aeey aoaeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? eiiiaoaioe?? i?aaiia oa iinaaeiaeo in?a
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iaiao?aeia a?eueo /?oea iaoa??aeueia i
i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaiaa ii?iaoeaia caaacia/aiiy a /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?;

— ?iciaaeoaaiiy aeaaeieo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ae noa’?eoaie iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo oiia ?o aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe;

— i?ioean ?aaeicaoei? eiiiaoaioe?? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy aeiaaa?
oe?eiai eiiieaeno ia?aaeoiia — i?aaiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eieo,
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo;

— ianoae?noue ii?i, ?aaoethth/eo eiiiaoaioeith i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, cao?eio? ?icaeoie iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ye
aaaeeeaiai ?inoeoooo aeaiie?ao??;

— /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie iio?aao? ea?aeeiaeueieo ci?i aeey
noai?aiiy ca?ioa?aniaaiino? /eai?a oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee a
?aaeicaoei? eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oeyoii
aaciina?aaeiuei? e iiina?aaeeiaaii? o/ano?, eiio?ieth.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiio,
ui aeniiaee i noi?ioeueiaai? ia ?o iniia? i?aeoe/ii i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee oa
?aae?caoe?? oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioei?
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? iaaiee ianya
nenoaiaoeciaaieo ciaiue i?i eiiiaoaioeith iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i
i?ioean ?? ?aaeicaoei?. ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c Eiiieaeniith
oe?eueiaith i?ia?aiith “I?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? ?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a caeiiiaeaa/i? oa aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee ?
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?” ? 0186.0.070865.

Oai?aoe/ii ocaaaeueiaiiy c ieoaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioei?
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie, ?aaoethth/iai oeth noa?o a?aeiinei, ci?oeiaiiy
iniia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
eiai i?aai?a, ?icaeoeo aeoeaiino? e ?i?oe?aoeae ianaeaiiy.

Iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeooue aooe oaeiae
ei?enieie o iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a aaeoc? eiinoeoooe?eiiai,
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa, o aea/aii? i?iaeai iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
a o/aiaiio i?ioean? a?aeiia?aeieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy i i?aeoe/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?noyoueny a
iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii ?iaioao, iaaiai?thaaeeny ia eaoaae?? aea?aeaaiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai?
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo i?aeia?iaeieo,
?anioae?eainueeeo oa ?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao. Iaoa??aee ?
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aaoi?ii i?e
aecia/aii? eiiiaoaioe?? ?aeiiieo a i?no? Oa?eia? ?aae ? ?o aeeiiaa/eo
i?aai?a, a ?iaio? iaae noaoooii oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee. Aeaye?
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aoee aeei?enoai? i?ae /an /eoaiiy eaeoe?e,
i?iaaaeaiiy i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o o?ueio
iaoeiaeo noaooyo oa oacao.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei iaoe, caaaeaiue i
i?aaeiaoo aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, ye? aeeth/athoue aeanyoue i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo oa nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. O aeiaeaoeao aei aeena?oaoe?? i?noyoueny noaie:
1) aca?iiae?? oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee, i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aai?a ?o
aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a, n?euenueeiai, naeeuiiai, i?nueeiai aieiae; 2)
eiiiaoaioe?? oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 165 noi??iie, ianya
aeiaeaoe?a — 2 noi??iee, a aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae — 14
noi??iie (170 iaeiaioaaiue).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiai a ?iaio?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/athoueny iaoa, i?aaeiao aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai ia’?eo oa caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/ia ? oai?aoe/ia
iniiae oa iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy oa eiai no?oeoo?a, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e 1 “Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe??
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aea?oueny iiiyooy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c ?ioeie i?aaiaeie eaoaai??yie.

Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie, aeciath/e i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy ye
ooiaeaiaioaeueio iniiao ono?ith aea?aeaae i noniieuenoaa ?
oa?aeoa?ecoth/e eiai noaoon, aeei?enoiao? oa?i?ie: “iiaiiaaaeaiiy”,
“i?aaa”, “eiiiaoaioeiy”. Iiiyooy eiiiaoaioe?? a caeiiiaeaanoa? ia
aecia/aii, a?eueo oiai, /anoi oeae oa?i?i ia canoiniao?oueny iaa?oue
oiae?, eiee, ii noo?, iiaa eaea i?i eiiiaoaioe?th Iaea?eueo iioe?aiith ?
iiceoe?y, ui aeaiaioaie eiiiaoaioei? ? i?aaa oa iaia’ycee, a a /ene?
?ioeo neeaaeiaeo aeacothoue: i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy, ooieoe??, caaaeaiiy, ui
noiyoue ia?aae i?aaiii, oa?eoi??y eiai aeiyeueiinoi,
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue. Oa?eoi??aeueia a?iiaaea, i?aaie i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy aeyaeythoue naaa a yeino? noa’?eo?a, ui ?aae?cothoue
iaai? ooieoei? o aecia/ai?e nenoai? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, oiaoi iaae?
?o ae?yeueiino?, th?eaee/ii cae??ieai? a caeiiiaeaanoa?, ? i?aaeiaoii
aiaeaiiy i?aaia. Ae?oaei aeaiaioii eiiiaoaioe?? ? iiaiiaaaeaiiy.
?aae?coth/e ?o, oa?eoi??aeueia a?iiaaea aaciina?aaeiuei ? /a?ac
a?aeiia?aei? i?aaie ?aaoeth? ??ciiiai?oi? noni?euei? a?aeiineie oeyoii
iaaeaiiy i?aa o/anieeai i?aaia?aeiinei: i?aaiai, i?aei?e?inoaai,
onoaiiaai, i?aai?caoe?yi, iinaaeiaei iniaai ? a?iiaaeyiai, a oaeiae
onoaiiaeaiiyi ?oi?o iaia’yce?a.

Iiaiiaaaeaiiy, ye aeaiaio eiiiaoaioe??, oea noeoii?noue i?aa ?
iaia’yce?a aeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o, ye? aecia/athoue aeae ? i??o aieeao
oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee, i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia
noni?euei? a?aeiineie ia a?aeiia?aeiiio oa?eoi??aeueiiio ??ai? c iaoith
caaeiaieaiiy caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a ianaeaiiy.

Aei aeaiaio?a eiiiaoaioe?? a th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ia??aeei
a?aeiinyoue ooieoe??. Oe? aea? eaoaai??? aeineoue aeecuee?. Iaea?eueo
iioe?aia iiiyooy ooieoe?? — oea aieiai? (iniiai?) iai?yiee ae?yeueiino?
i?aaia, iinaaeiai? iniae. A aeena?oaoe?? aea?oueny a?eueo oe?iea
aecia/aiiy ooieoe??, yea canoiniao?oueny o?einio??th: ooieoe?y — oea
ciai?oi?e i?iya aeanoeainoae ia’?eoa, eiai nioe?aeueia i?ecia/aiiy o
aecia/ai?e nenoai? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei. I?e aiae?c? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
ooieoe?e ? eiiiaoaioe?? ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, eiiiaoaioe?y — oea i?aaiaa
oi?ia ae?aco ooieoe?e ? th?eaee/iee can?a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy — oea i?aaiaa eaoaai??y, ui
aeeth/a? a naaa i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy ? aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, aecia/aia
Eiinoeoooe??th ? caeiiaie Oe?a?ie, ia? aioo??oith ?aei?noue e
ocaiaeaeai?noue ? aeeth/a? a naaa eiiiaoaioe?th oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee
oa i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aiae?co?oueny ?icaeoie eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. I?inoaaeo?oueny ?noi??y ? a?aecia/athoueny
caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
?icaeyaea?oueny aeeneon?y i?i aeaea?aei ? i?e?iaeo aeaaee, ui
cae?enith?oueny oa?eoi??aeueieie a?iiaaeaie ? ?o i?aaiaie. A ?iaio?
iaaaaeai? a?aoiaioe i?eoeeueiee?a a?iiaaenueei?, aea?aeaaieoeueei? oa
a?iiaaenueei-aea?aeaaieoeueei? oai??e i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Ia
iniia? aiae?co eaoaai??e “ioae?/ia aeaaea” ? “i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy”,
c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ye i?aai oa?eoi??aeueieo
a?iiaae naiino?eii ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy, ii?yae c
aea?aeaaiith aeaaeith, ? i?aenenoaiith ioae?/ii? aeaaee. Oea iaeia ?c
oi?i ?aae?caoe?? ia?iaeiaeaaeaey. Aeei?enoaiiy ?noi?eei-i?aaiaiai
iaoiaeo aeaei iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioi? i?aenenoaie
ioae?/ii? aeaaee — aea?aeaae.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaathoueny iniaeeaino?
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia
no/aniiio aoai?. Aia?oa a Oe?a?i? ia eiinoeoooe?eiiio ??ai? aea?aeaaa
aecia? ? aa?aioo? i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy (no. 7) ? cae??ieth? eiai ye
i?aai oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee naiino?eii ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy (no. 140), aecia/aii nenoaio iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, eiai
ooieoe?? i eiiiaoaioe?th (no. 143). ?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui /anoeiith
iaoeiiiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa noaea ?a?iiaenueea Oa?oiy i?i iinoeaaa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?aoeoieiaaia Caeiiii Oe?a?ie a 1997?ioe?. I?iaeaia
i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iieyaa? o
aecia/aii? nooiaiy aeaoae?caoe?? i?aaeiao?a aiaeaiiy ? iiaiiaaaeaiue
oa?eoi??aeueieo a?iiaae. Naiino?ei?noue ae??oaiiy ieoaiue i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy ii nai?e i?e?iae? ia i?eionea? caeai? caeiiiaeaa/i? aai ?ioi?
ii?iaoeaii? ?aaeaiaioaoe??. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy iiaea cae?enithaaoenue ia iniia? aeaio i?yii
i?ioeeaaeieo i?eioeei?a: a) aeicaieaii eeo oa, ui cae??ieaii a caeii?;
a) aeicaieaii ana, ui ia caai?iiaii caeiiii. Aeiaea?aeoth/enue ia?oiai
i?eioeeio, iiaeiia aooe a?aaoeueiaaia eiiiaoaioe?y i?aai?a i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aecia/aia caeiiii i noaoooii oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee
ii iiaeeeaino? iiaii ? ae/a?iii, ui a?aeiia?aea? iieiaeaiiyi,
cae??ieaiei a Eiinoeoooei? Oe?a?ie — i?aaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
?oi? iinaaeia? iniae ciaia’ycai? ae?yoe o?eueee ia i?aenoaa?, o iaaeao
iiaiiaaaeaiue ? niiniaii, ui ia?aaeaa/ai? Eiinoeoooe??th ? caeiiaie
Oe?a?ie. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ae?oaei i?eioeeiii, ia? aooe anoaiiaeaia
eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, cae?enithaaia aaciina?aaeiuei
oa?eoi??aeueiith a?iiaaeith /a?ac ?aoa?aiaeoi, caaaeueii cai?e, aei
aiaeaiiy eio?eo iaiao?aeii a?aeianoe ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, cae??ieaieo ca
ieie Eiinoeoooe??th ? caeiiaie Oe?a?ie, ? ieoaiue i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy,
ui i?yii ia a?aeianai? aei aiaeaiiy i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aeaaee. Caaaeii,
a?eueoa i?ae noi caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a ?aaoeththoue eiiiaoaioe?th
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aiae?c yeeo iiaea aooe i?aaeiaoii
naiino?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 2 Ci?no eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy neeaaea?oueny c
/ioe?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea caaaeueii? eiiiaoaioe??
i?aai?a naiia?yaeoaaiiy. C?iaeaii ni?iao aecia/eoe eaoaai??th “ieoaiiy
i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy”, yea iio?aao? aeaoaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ine?eueee
naia a oeie ieiueii eaaeeoue iaeia ic aieiaieo i?iaeai i?aaiicaoei? oa
ooieoeithaaiiy naiia?yaeoaaiiy — i?iaeaia ?iciaaeoaaiiy ooieoeie i
eiiiaoaioei? iiae iinoeaaeie i?aaiaie aea?aeaaii? aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee i
i?aaiaie iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. I?e aecia/aii? eiiiaoaioe??
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ianooii? i??eoaaiiy:
a) i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy i eiai i?aaie ciaoiaeyoueny iaeaeeae/a aei
a?iiaaeyi, ye? iaoeathoue ia a?aeiia?aei?e oa?eoi???, oiio iiaeooue
oaeaeei, eiie?aoii, i?aeoe/ii i?inoi c i?aai?caoe?eii? iiceoe?? i c
iaeiaioeie aeo?aoaie ae??oeoe aaeeeo /anoeio ieoaiue, ui aeieeathoue; a)
?iciaaeiaoth/e i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy, iaiaoiaeii ea?oaaoenue i?eioeeiii
«noaneaeia?iinoi», nooue yeiai o oiio, ui nenoaia «ieoaiue i?noeaaiai
cia/aiiy» iiaeiia aoaeoaaoenue cieco. ?ioeie neiaaie, ia?aae on?i
iaiaoiaeii noaaeoe ieoaiiy, /e ciiaeooue i?aaie iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy oni?oii ae?ioeoe iaaio caaea/o, aeei?enoiaoth/e
aaei?i?no?aoeai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, i?aai?caoe?ei? iiaeeeaino?, eiiiaoaioii
eaae?e, i oieueee i?e io?eiaii? iaaaoeaii? a?aeiia?ae? oei ieoaiiy
aeioe?eueii ia?aaeaaaoe aeey ae??oaiiy ?ioei i?aaiai.

Aea?oueny eeaneo?eaoe?y eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ii
ianooiiei iciaeai: a) ii noa’?eoai; a) ooieoe?iiaeueiiio ? aaeocaaiio
i?eioeeio; a) ianyao iiaiiaaaeaiue; a) oa?eoi??aeueiiio i?eioeeio. ?acii
c oei, i?iiiio?oueny eeaneo?eaoe?th eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?iaanoe oaeei /eiii: a) eiiiaoaioeiy, ui iia’ycaia c
eiioiaeueiith noa?ith, ia ioiieaiith caeiiiaeaanoaii, i a ye?e a
iaea?eueo?e i??? iiaea aeyaeoenue naiinoieiinoue a?iiaae; a)
eiiiaoaioeiy, iia’ycaia c aeeiiaiiyi oa?eoi?iaeueieie a?iiaaeaie
iaia’yceiaeo caaaeaiue, anoaiiaeaieo caeiiiaeaanoaii i aiaeianaieo aei
noa?e «ieoaiiy iinoeaaiai cia/aiiy»; a)eiiiaoaioeiy, iia’ycaia c
aeeiiaiiyi aeaeaaiaaieo aea?aeaaith iiaiiaaaeaiue. Aea oaea
eeaneo?eaoe?y iiaea aooe canoiniaaia eeoa i?ney aianaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
ci?i a /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai i?i i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Oa?eoi??aeueia a?iiaaea iiaea ae??oeoe aoaeue-yea ieoaiiy, a?aeianaia
Eiinoeoooe??th oa ?ioeie caeiiaie Oe?a?ie aei a?aeaiiy i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?acii c oei, Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i anaoe?a?inueeee oa
i?noeaa? ?aoa?aiaeoie” (/.3 no.6) anoaiiaeth?, ui ia i?noeaa?
?aoa?aiaeoie ia aeiinyoueny ieoaiiy i?i neanoaaiiy caeiiieo ??oaiue
i?aaiia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Oey ii?ia nooo?ai iaiaaeo? i?aaa
oa?eoi??aeueieo a?iiaae o ae??oaii? eeth/iaeo ieoaiue iinoeaaiai
cia/aiiy. ??oaiiy i?aaio i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iiaea aooe
oi?iaeueii caeiiiei i iaeii/anii noia?a/eoe ?ioa?anai oa?eoi?iaeueieo
a?iiaae. Aeioe?eueii a /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? aecia/eoe ???a?o?th aeo?a
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/eoe i?aaeei, ca yeei ?ica’ycaiiy
eiioe?eo?a i?ae i?aaiaie iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ia? iaeaaeaoe
oa?eoi??aeueiei a?iiaaeai. I?iiiio?oueny cae??ieoe iieiaeaiiy, eiee
caaaeueii cai?e a?iiaaeyi iaaaeeei? oa?eoi?iaeueii? a?iiaaee, iai?eeeaae
aei 1000 aeeoae?a, ye i i?noeaaee ?aoa?aiaeoi, aoee a naiino?eiith
oi?iith ae??oaiiy ieoaiue i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy i ??oaiiy, i?eeiyo? oaeei
/eiii, aoee a iaia’yceiaeie aeey aeeiiaiiy ia a?aeiia?aei?e oa?eoi?i?
noa’?eoaie nenoaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeeeth/ia eiiiaoaioe?y
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Cae??ieaiiy /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii Oe?a?ie
aeeeth/ii? eiiiaoaioei? n?euenueeeo, naeeuieo, i?nueeeo, ?aeiiieo,
iaeanieo ?aae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ?ie? i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aaiia
iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aecia/a? oi?ie i iaoiaee ?o ae?yeueiino?,
ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey ?aae?caoe?? oa?eoi??aeueiith a?iiaaeith naiai
nioe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy. Aiae?coth/e ii?iaoeai? aeoe, ui ?aaoeththoue
aeeeth/io eiiiaoaioe?th i?noeaaeo ?aae oiiaii iiaeia aeae?eeoe aea?
a?oie. Aei ia?oi? a?oie a?aeiinyoueny ieoaiiy, ui ae??oothoueny ia
nan?yo ?aae on?o ??ai?a: ieoaiiy i?aai?caoe?? i aeiyeueiinoi iinoeaaeo
?aae oa ?o i?aaiia; ?icaeoie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
oa?eoi???; ieoaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
a?aeiia?aeieo aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieo iaeeieoeue. Ae?oao a?oio
neeaaeathoue ieoaiiy, ui aecia/athoueny niaoeeo?/ieie ooieoe?yie ?aae.
Oae, aeeeth/ia eiiiaoaioe?y n?euenueeeo, naeeuieo, i?nueeeo ?aae
ioiieth? i?aai?caoe?th ? eiio?ieue ca ae?yeuei?noth aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a,
ni?eyiiy naiii?aai?caoe?? ianaeaiiy. Ie?aio a?oio neeaaeathoue ieoaiiy
aca?iiae?? ?aae a?aeiia?aeii c n?euenueeei, naeeuiei, i?nueeei aieiaith.
I?nuee? ?aaee aecia/athoue ianya i iaae? iiaiiaaaeaiue, ye?
cae?eniththoue ?aeiii? o i?noao (o ?ac? ?o noai?aiiy) ?aaee oa ?o
aeeiiaa/? i?aaie. Aeeeth/ii ia ieaia?ieo can?aeaiiyo ?aeiiii?, iaeanii?
?aaee iae?a?oueny aieiaa ?aaee, eiai canooiiee; ooai?th?oueny i?aceae?y
(eieaa?y) ?aaee; caoaa?aeaeo?oueny ca i?iiiceoe??th aieiae ?aaee
no?oeoo?a ? /enaeuei?noue aeeiiaa/iai aia?aoo ?aaee; caneooiaothoueny
ca?oe aie?a i?noeaaeo aea?aeaaieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e, ?o canooiiee?a,
ea??aiee?a oi?aae?iue, a?aeae?e?a oa ?ioeo no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
i?noeaaeo aea?aeaaieo aaei?i?no?aoe?e i?i aeeiiaiiy i?ia?ai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo, athaeaeaoo, ??oaiue
?aaee ?c cacia/aieo ieoaiue, a oaeiae i?i cae?eniaiiy i?noeaaeie
aea?aeaaieie aaei?i?no?aoe?yie aeaeaaiaaieo ?i ?aaeith iiaiiaaaeaiue.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea aaeocaai?
eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy. A Caeii? “I?i i?noeaaa
naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?” o?aaeeoe?eii cae??ieaii aaeocaao iiaeaeue
eiiiaoaioei? aeeiiaa/eo i?aaiia iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, yea ia
a?aeiia?aea? i?e?iae? aaciaiai aeoo i?i iinoeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ye
i?aai?/iiai caeiio. Naia oeae caeii ia? aooe iniiaith aeey ?icaeoeo
aaeocaaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, a ia iaaiaee. A?eueo?noue /eiieo
caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, ui ?aaoeththoue eiiiaoaioe?th i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iio?aao? aianaiiy ci?i c o?aooaaiiyi i?eioeeio
?iciiae?eo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?ae i?aaenoaaieoeueeeie i?aaiaie, aeeiiaa/eie
i?aaiaie i nieuenueeei, naeeuiei, iinueeei aieiaith. A?aoiaioo?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue i?aeiyoe ?ieue ?inoeoooo i?noeaaiai ?aoa?aiaeoio o
ae??oaii? caaaeueieo ieoaiue aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? oa?eoi??aeueii?
a?iiaaee.

A /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeaeaaiaaia eiiiaoaioe?y.
Caaaeii, aea?aeaaa ia iiaeiia a?aoe ia naaa ae??oaiiy oeo ieoaiue, ye?:
ii-ia?oa, aeieeaathoue c eieaeoeaieo iio?aa aeeoae?a n?e, naeeu, i?no,
oiaoi aaciina?aaeiuei noinothoueny ?o ?ioa?an?a i, ii-ae?oaa, iiaeooue
oni?oii ae??ooaaoeny oa?eoi??aeueieie a?iiaaeaie oa ia?aieie ieie
i?aaiaie. Iaa?oue o? ieoaiiy, a yeeo aeineoue ae?acii i?aaenoaaeaiee
?ioa?an aea?aeaae, iiaeii? ae?iooaaoeny i?aaiaie, eio?? iaeaeeae/a
noiyoue aei ianaeaiiy, oiaoi i?aaiaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy. Aeeiiaa/? i?aaie
n?euenueeeo, naeeuieo, i?nueeeo ?aae ii?yae c aeaniith eiiiaoaioe??th,
iathoue iiaiiaaaeaiiy, ye? a Caeii? “I?i i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a
Oe?a?i?” ?iaiothoueny aeaeaaiaaieie. A ?iaio? aecia/a?oueny th?eaee/ia
i?e?iaea aeaeaaoaaiiy: a) aeo i?i aeaeaaoaaiiy iiaeiai iaia’yceiai
i?eeiaoenue aeaeaaoth/ei i?aaiii; a) aeaeaaoaaoenue iiaeooue o?eueee
ie?ai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, yei ? /anoeiith aeanii? eiiiaoaioei?, oiaoi i?aai
ia iiaea aeaeaaoaaoe a?eueoa, /ei ia? nai; a) i?aai aeaeaaoaaoe
iiaiiaaaeaiiy iiaeiii aooe cae??ieaii a caeii?; a) iiney aeaeaaoaaiiy
iiaiiaaaeaiue eiiiaoaioeiy aeaeaaoth/iai i?aaia ia ci?ith?oueny,
eiiiaoaioe?y i?aaia, yeiio aeaeaaothoueny oe? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, oei/aniai
?icoe?th?oueny ca ?aooiie iaea?aeaieo aeiaeaoeiai iiaiiaaaeaiue; ae)
aeaeaaiaai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe a aoaeue-yeee /an a?ae?caai?,
yeui iiaiiaaaeaiiy aeaeaaothoueny ia aecia/aiee no?ie, oi aeey
i?eieiaiiy aeaeaaoaaiiy ia iio??aii i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeiiai
th?eaee/iiai aeoo; a) ia?aaeaeaaoaaiiy (noaaeaeaaoaaiiy) iiaiiaaaeaiue
ia iiaea aooe aeiionoeiei, ine?eueee oea i?ioe?i/eoue iai??ai i?aaio, ui
aeaeaaoaaa iiaiiaaaeaiiy.

Aeaeaaiaaia eiiiaoaioe?y — oea i?aaiaa eaoaai??y, ui aeeth/a? a naaa
i?aaeiaoe a?aeaiiy ? aeaaei? iiaiiaaaeaiiy, ye? cae??ieai? ca i?aaiaie
aea?aeaae aai i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aea ?o ?aae?caoe?y,
a?aeiia?aeii aei Eiinoeoooe?? ? caeii?a Oe?a?ie, ea?oth/enue aeiiaaie
aoaeoeaiino?, cae?enith?oueny ?ioeie i?aaiaie.

?icae?e 3 ?aae?caoe?y eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny caaaeueii ieoaiiy ?aaeicaoei?
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiiapyaeoaaiiy. Noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui aieiaiei
caaaeaiiyi i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?y i?aaa i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy cae??ieaiiai Eiinoeoooe??th Oe?a?ie, ia?aeeaae
?aaoethth/eo iiaeeeainoae o ae?eni?noue. A noa?? i?noeaaeo a?aeiinei
iinoeaai ?aaee ia an?o aoaiao naiai ?icaeoeo ?aae?coaaee nai? ooieoe??
/a?ac a?aeiia?aei? oi?ie, iaoiaee ae?yeueiino?. Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia
oaiaeaioe?? oeueiai i?ioeano ia ??cieo aoaiao ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?noeaaeo
?aae. ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
cae?enith?oueny /a?ac anoaiiaeaiiy ?o i?aa oa th?eaee/ii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, ui aea? ?i iiaeeea?noue ae?yoe a iaaeao cae??ieaii?
ca ieie eiiiaoaioe?? ? aeiaaaoe a?aeiia?aeii? iiaaae?iee a?ae ?ioeo
noa’?eo?a i?aaia?aeiinei. ?aae?coth/e eiiiaoaioe?th, noa’?eoe i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, ?o iinaaeia? iniae aieeaathoue ia o/aniee?a noni?eueieo
a?aeiinei oeyoii i?eeiyooy aeoia ii?iaoeaiiai, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa
ci?oaiiai oa?aeoa?o. A aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny ?ieue ia’?eoeaieo
i noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a, ye yaeu noni?eueiiai aeeooy, ui nooo?ai
aieeaathoue ia i?ioean ?aaeicaoei? i?aaiaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
nai?o iiaiiaaaeaiue. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c nioeiaeueii-iieioe/ieo, i?aaiaeo,
oiiainiai-aeiiiii/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo oaeoi??a, ye? a o?e /e ?io?e
i???, no?eiothoue ?aae?caoe?th eiiiaoaioe?? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.
?aae?caoe?y eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy — oea th?eaee/ii
cae??ieaia ae?yeuei?noue noa’?eo?a nenoaie i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy ieoaiue i?noeaaiai cia/aiiy a iaaeao
Eiinoeoooe?? ? caeii?a Oe?a?ie.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?aaeicaoei? eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai
naiiapyaeoaaiiy i?aaenoaaieoeueeeie ipaaiaie, niaoeeoiea ae?yeueiino?
yeeo iaoiiaeth?oueny ia?aeieii caaaeaiue, ui aiie iiaeii? ae??ooaaoe.
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui i?eeiyooy ??oaiue — oea iaeia c aieiaieo
caaaeaiue i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai i?aaio. Aaaeeeai, uia oe? ??oaiiy aoee a
iaaeao ?o eiiiaoaioe??. Aeieaco?oueny, ui /?oei cae??ieaia eiiiaoaioe?y
i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy ? iniiaith i?iaaaeaiiy, ?aaeinoe/ii?
iinoeaai? iieioeee, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?icoi?iiyi ianoaaei i iiooeaie
iiaeeeaeo ae?e. Aiia oi?io?oueny aieiaiei /eiii ia nan?yo ?aaee, aea
i?eeiathoueny /eneaii? ??oaiiy, ui noinothoueny oiia aeeooy a?iiaaeyi,
aecia/athoueny aeiaaino?ieia? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo a?aeiia?aeieo
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueieo iaeeieoeue, ae??oothoueny an? aaaeeea?
ni?aae oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee. Na?oiaee aeina?ae iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy naiae/eoue, ui i?aaenoaaieoeueeee i?aai iiaeiai
ae??ooaaoe, ianaiia?aae, ne?aeoth/e caaaeaiiy:

1) aecia/eoe i?iaeaio ? oeyoe ?? ?ia’ycaiiy;

2) nai?ie ??oaiiyie iioeiaeueii ?aaoethaaoe ieoaiiy i?noeaaiai aeeooy;

3) noi?ioaaoe ae??caeaoiee aeeiiaa/ee i?aai;

4) /?oei ? nai?/anii iinoaaeoe caaaeaiiy ia?aae aeeiiaa/ei i?aaiii,
aecia/eoe aieiai? iai?yie ? i?eioeeie, yeeie iiaeiai ea?oaaoeny oeae
i?aai;

5) aeoeaii eiio?iethaaoe ?iaioo aeeiiaa/iai i?aaia;

6) iia?e?coaaoe noni?eueio i?aeo?eieo i?e ae??oaii? aeooaeueieo
caaaeaiue ? i?iaeai i?noeaaiai aeeooy.

Iaiao?aeii ia?o ca ana aecia/eoe aeooaeuei?noue ??oaiiy, oiaoi,
iane?eueee aiii iio??aia a aeaiee iiiaio ? ia aeai?e oa?eoi???,
anoaiiaeoe aae?anao?a, aeyaeoe iiaeeeao ?aaeoe?th ea?iaaii? nenoaie ia
eiai iiyao, ia?aaeaa/eoe iiaeeea? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee, oiio aeioe?eueii
ca ii?aaeith caa?iooeny aei oeo, ia eiai oea ??oaiiy aoaea ?ic?aoiaaia.
Nioe?aeuei?, oaoiieia?/i?, aeieia?/i? e aeiiii?/i? no?oeoo?i? ci?ie
noaaeyoue ia?aae oa?eoi??aeueiith a?iiaaeith eiiieaeni? caaaeaiiy, ye?
aa?oi ae??ooaaoe ia o?eueee oeyoii ?iaanoeoe?e, aea ? /anoi oeyoii ci?ie
na?aeiiino? ? noaaeaiiy aei i?iaeaie.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?ioean ?aaeicaoei?
eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiiapyaeoaaiiy n?euenueeei, naeeuiei, i?nueeei
aieiaith, aeeiiaa/eie i?aaiaie n?euenueei?, naeeuii?, i?nueei? ?aaee.
?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui c iaeiiai aieo n?euenueeee, naeeuiee, i?nueeee
aieiaa ? i?ioeaaaa a?aeiia?aei?e ?aae?, a c ?ioiai aieo, ui a?i ?
i?aai?caoi?ii aeeiiaiiy ??oaiue, ye? i?eeia? ?aaea, i?aai?co? ?iaioo
?aaee oa ?? aeeiiaa/iai eii?oaoo, ia? oe?ie? i?aaa uiaei ia?niiaeueiiai
neeaaeo aeeiiaa/eo i?aai?a ?aaee, oe?ie? i?aaenoaaieoeuee? ooieoe??,
caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy ??oaiue oa?eoi??aeueii? a?iiaaee. Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui
aeeiiaa/? i?aaie nieuenueei?, naeeuii?, iinueei? ?aaee aeeiiothoue
cia/iee ianya ?iaioe a oi?aae?ii? i?noeaaeie ni?aaaie, ui aeiaaa?
aacia?a?aii?, iine?aeiaii? ? eiiiaoaioii? ?iaioe aia?aoo oeeo i?aai?a.
Eiiiaoaioe?y, ui cae??ieaia ca i?noeaaei naiia?yaeoaaiiyi, aecia/a?
niaoeeo?/io ?ieue eiaeiiai eiai i?aaio, i a oie aea /an caaacia/o?
ocaiaeaeai?noue ?o ae?e. *ei aeua ??aaiue i?aai?caoe?? ea?oth/i?
nenoaie, oei a?eueoa cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ieoaiiy i?i aca?iica’ycie ?
aca?iiae?th ?? aeaiaio?a. Aeena?oaio c?iaea aeniiaie, ui eaea i?ioean
iineeaiiy ?ie? aeeiiaa/eo i?aaiia. Oaiaeaioe?y nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino?
i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aai?a i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei
iiieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiio?ieth ca aeeiiaa/eie i?aaiaie c aieo
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aae. Nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiinoi eii?n?e i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oiai, ui aeaye? iai?yiee aeiyeueiinoi ia’?eoeaii ciaoiaeyoueny iica
oaaaith i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aaiia. Aieiaa naea, naeeua, i?noa ia? i?aai
aaoi, iiai?ioe yea /anoi ia i?ae neeo ?aaeai. Caoaeaia eiiiaoaioe?y
i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo i?aaiia i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, oiio c iineeaiiyi
?ie? aeeiiaa/eo i?aaiia aeooaeueiei ? ieoaiiy eiio?ieth ca ?o
ae?yeuei?noth.

?iaeoueny aeniiaie, ui ?ieue n?euenueeeo, naeeuieo i i?nueeeo aie?a o
ni?aaao iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy aoaea c?inoaoe, ine?eueee ca?aeii
Caeiio “I?i i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy a Oe?a?i?” aiie ia o?eueee
aieiaothoue ia nan?yo a?aeiia?aeii? ?aaee, aea e i/ieththoue ??
aeeiiaa/ee i?aai i oaeoe/ii iieeeeai? oi?ioaaoe oa cae?enithaaoe
eiioiaeueio iie?oeeo.

O aeniiaeao ei?ioei i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye?
caiaeyoueny aei ne?aeoth/iai:

— iaaecia/aiiinoue iiiyoue, ui canoiniaothoueny i?e ?aaoethaaii?
i?aaiaiai noaoono i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa eiai i?aaiia, iinaaeiaeo
in?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy noia?a/ie, aei aeoaethaaiiy, aeeiiaiiy
??cieie i?aaiaie iaeieo caaaeaiue, aaca?aeiia?aeaeueiino?;

— aaei?i?no?aoeaia oa eiioiaeueia ?aoi?ie — aeiiaa /ano ? oiio i?e ?o
i?iaaaeai? iiaeiii aca?iiae?yoe aea?aeaai? i?aaie oa i?aaie iinoeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iie?oe/i? ia?o??, a?iiaaenuee? i?aai?caoe?? i ?io?
no?oeoo?e a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa;

— aa?aiooth/e i?noeaaa naiia?yaeoaaiiy, aea?aeaaa iiaeiia a?ae?eoe a?ae
aeaeea?aoeaieo caya i /a?ac i?eeiyooy a?aeiia?aeieo caeii?a noai?eoe
oiiae aeey aeinoaoiueiai iaoa?iaeueii-oiiainiaiai ? eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy;

— eiioiaeueia i?aai oi?io?oueny ye ie?aia aaeocue i?aaa i iio?aao?
aeoeaieo iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue a oe?e noa??;

— ?noi?e/i?, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
iniaeeaino? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoeny a iiai?e
i??? a noaooo? oa?eoi?iaeueii? a?iiaaee i ii?iaoeaieo aeoao, ui
i?eeiathoueny ia i?noeaaiio ?aoa?aiaeoi? /e a?aeiia?aeieie i?aaiaie a
iaaeao nai?o iiaiiaaaeaiue;

— ii?iaoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy eiiiaoaioei? iinoeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy
I?aceaeaioii Oe?a?ie oa Eaa?iaoii I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie c ?o aieo ?
ia?aaeuaiiyi ieie nai?o iiaiiaaaeaiue.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. ssai?neee A.Ae., Etha/aiei I.I. Oai?aoe/aneea aniaeou i?aaiaiai
?aaoee?iaaiey eiiiaoaioeee ianoiuo i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe e
naiioi?aaeaiey // I?iaeaie caeiiiinoi:?ani. iiaeaiaeii. iaoe. ca., — ?
32.-O.: Iaoe.th?.aeaae. Oe?a?ie, 1997.-N. 31-36.

2. Etha/aiei I.I. Aii?inu i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eiiiaoaioeee ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey // Iiaa Eiinoeoooeiy Oe?a?ie i i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa: Oaiao. ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. Aiaeiiaiae. ?aae.
I.I.Iaiia.-Oa?eia: Iaoe. th?eae. aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, 1997.- N. 24-29

3. Etha/aiei I.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua aii?inu ?ac?aaioee e i?eiyoey
onoaaia oa??eoi?eaeueiuo a?iiaae // I?iaeaie caeiiiino?: ?ani.
iiaeaiaeii. iaoe. ca.,-? 34.-O.: Iaoe.th?.aeaaeai?y. Oe?a?ie,
1998.-N.64-69.

4. Etha/aiei I.I. Ianoiia naiioi?aaeaiea a ai?iaeneii ?aeiia //
Noaiiaeaiiy i?aaiai? nenoaie aeaiie?aoe/ii? Oe?a?ie oa th?eaee/ia iaoea:
Ei?ioe? oace aeiiia?aeae oa iaoeiaeo iia?aeiieaiue iaoe.eiioa?.iieiaeeo
o/aieo/ ca ?aae. I.I.Iaiiaa.-O.: Iaoe. th?. aeaae. Oe?a?ie, 1998.- N.
21-22.

Etha/aiei Iaaei Ieeieaeiae/

Eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy: i?aai?caoe?eii — i?aaia?
ieoaiiy ?aae?caoe??. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.02.- eiinoeoooe?eia i?aai.

Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeine?aeaeo?oueny eiiiaoaioe?y i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy,
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? i?iaeaie ?? ?aae?caoe??. Aecia/aii iiiyooy ?
ci?no eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy, iniaeeaino? ?? i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy. ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy ?aae?caoe?? eiiiaoaioe??
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa?eoi??aeueieie a?iiaaeaie oa ?o i?aaiaie.
Aena?oeaii nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i?, i?aai?caoe?ei?, i?aaia?,
o?iainiai-iaoa??aeuei? /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?icaeoie i?noeaaiai
naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eiiiaoaioe?y, oa?eoi??aeueia a?iiaaea, i?noeaa? ?aaee.

Etha/aiei Iaaae Ieeieaaae/

Eiiiaoaioeey ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey: i?aaiecaoeeiiii — i?aaiaua
aii?inu ?aaeecaoeee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.02.- eiinoeoooeeiiiia i?aai.

Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie ss?ineaaa
Ioae?iai, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Enneaaeoaony eiiiaoaioeey ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey,
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua i?iaeaiu aa ?aaeecaoeee. Ii?aaeaeaii iiiyoea e
niaea?aeaiea eiiiaoaioeee ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, iniaaiiinoe aa
i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey. ?anniao?eaathony aii?inu ?aaeecaoeee
eiiiaoaioeee ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey oa??eoi?eaeueiuie a?iiaaeaie e eo
i?aaiaie. Inaauaiu nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea, i?aaiecaoeeiiiua, i?aaiaua,
oeiainiai-iaoa?eaeueiua oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia ?acaeoea ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiiaoaioeey, oa??eoi?eaeueiay a?iiaaea, ianoiua
niaaou.

Lubchenko Pavel Nickolaevich

The competence of municipal government, and the organization and legal
matters of realization – Manuscript.

The dissertation for the competition for scientific degree of Candidate
of jurisprudence of Sciences (Law) by speciality 12.00.02. —
Constitutional law.

The National Juridical Academy of Ukraine named after Yaroslav Moudriy,
Kharkov, 1998.

Are investigating the municipal government competence and problems of
organization and legality it’s realization. Has determined the concept
and content of the municipal government competence and peculiarities of
it’s legal regulation. Are considering the questions about realization
of the municipal government competence by territorial bulks and their
bodies. Have elucidated socio-political, organizational, legal and
financial and material factors for the municipal government progress.

Key words: the competence, territorial bulks, local soviets.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: e.th.i., i?io. Ai?iiia I.I.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 30.10.98?. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.

A?aeae?oeiaaii ia ?ecia?ao?. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e 0,6. Iae?e.-aeae.a?e. 1,0

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 416

_________________________

Ae?oea?iy

Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

310024, Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77

?

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