IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO I?IAEAI IAOA??AEICIAANOAA

?i. ?. I. O?aioeaae/a

AEA?IAA IENAIA A?OAE??AIA

OAeE: 539.37

EIII’THOA?IA IIAeAETHAAIIss OAIOE*II? NO?OEOO?E OA AECIA*AIIss
OAIEIO?CE*IEO ? I?OAEIEO AEANOEAINOAE EIIIICEO?A

01.04.07 O?ceea oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
ia eaoaae?? aeui? iaoaiaoeee ?1.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iia?eia
A?oae?e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aeui? iaoaiaoeee ?1

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Iiae?acia TH??e Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa

?i. ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo ?22;

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

N?/ea?ue Oa?an A?eai?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
?.?.Ia/ieeiaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 20 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.207.01 a ?inoeooo?
i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie (252142,
Ee?a-142, aoe. E?aeeaeai?anueeiai, 3).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ?i. ?.I. O?aioeaae/a IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii“ 15 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iaaea?ii TH.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Anooi. ?ioaineaia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeaoe iiaee iaoa??ae c oi?eaeueieie
aeanoeainoyie, yeeie ia aieiae?thoue aeiaeiee ?c eiiiiiaio?a, ui
aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo oeueiai iaoa??aeo. Inoaii?i /anii ciaoiaeyoue
oe?iea canoinoaaiiy inaaaeinieaae, ye? iaea?aeothoueny iaoiaeaie
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??: i?ini/oaaiiyi, ??aeeei- ? oaa?aeioaciei
ni?eaiiyi. Aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeaie
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??, caeaaeaoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a — ii/aoeiai? ?
e?ioeaai? ii?enoino?, ?ici??o ? aeanoeainoae /anoeiie ii?ioeo, oiia
aca?iiae?? i?ae /anoeaie oa ?i.

Aeaeaoiee aianie o oai??th i?iaiicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
ii?ioeiaeo eiiiiceo?a c?iaea aeaaeai?e Nei?ioiae A.A. [Ii?ioeiaa
iaoaeo?a?y (1961.- ? 1; 1967. — ? 6; 1995. — ? 1/2); O?ceei — iaoai?/i?
aeanoeaino? ii?enoeo iaoa??ae?a// Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y — 77. — Ee?a,
1977.; EOAE. — 1959. — ? 2; Ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee ia iniia? ooaiieaaeeo
iaoae?a ? niieoe. — Ee?a: Oaoi?ea, 1982].

Iaeiei ?c iaeiioe?ai?oeo cania?a iaea?aeaiiy ae?ia?a ?c iaoaeaaeo
ii?ioe?a ? aeaoi?ioaaiiy (ooaiioaaiiy) nia/aieo ii?ioeiaeo caaioiaie.
Ii?ioeia? iaoaee aieiae?thoue, ye i?aaeei, iaioith ieanoe/i?noth a
ii??aiyii? c iiiie?oieie, oiio i?iaeaia ?oiuei? aeaoi?iaoe?? aac
?oeioaaiiy ? iniaeeai aeooaeueiith. Cia/iee aianie o oai??th
ieanoe/iino? aianee Nei?ioiae A.A., O??noia N.A., Ooa?i I.A.,
Iiae?acia TH.I., Eaio?a A.I. oa ?io? [Nei?ioiae A.A. ?aieia?/i? iniiae
oai??? ni?eaiiy. — Ee?a: Iaoe. Aeoiea, 1972; O??noia N.A., Iiae?acia
TH.I., AEa?ae?i A.A. ? ?i. // Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y. — 1987. — ? 10;
Ooa?i I.A. // Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y. — 1981 -? 4, Oaiiiaiieia?/i? oai???
i?anoaaiiy ii?ioe?a. — Ee?a: Iaoe. Aeoiea, 1982.; Eaio?a A.I. //
Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y. — 1982. — ? 7; Aaeaaeueceia? ss.A., Aaoiaineee
A.A. // Ii?ioeiaa iaoaeo?a?y. — 1988. — ? 10].

E??i eiiiiceo?a, io?eiaieo c aeiiiiiaith ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??, oe?iei
aeei?enoiaothoueny iie?ia?i? eiiiiceoe. Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui
iaiiaiaiiy iie?ia??a i?ia?aeueieie aai i?aai?/ieie aeiaaaeaie iiaea
i?eaanoe ia o?eueee aei cieaeaiiy oe?ie iaoa??ae?a i?e caa??aaii? aai
iacia/iiio iia??oaii? iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aea ? aei iie?ioaiiy ?o
aeaoi?iaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae, cie?aia, aei i?aeaeuaiiy aei?noeino?,
oaea?ii? a’yceino? ? iaae i?oeiino?.

Cia/iee aianie o oai??th iieno iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceo?a aianee E?iaoia
TH.N., I?eaaeei A.I., Iia?eia A.A., Ooo I.?., Ne/ea?ue O.A.,
Eaci?aiei I.A., Aa?oiaa A.I. [E?iaoia TH.N. O?ce/ia o?i?y iaiiaiaieo
iie?ia??a.- I., 1977.; E?iaoia TH.N., I?eaaeei A.I. // Aenieiiieaeoey?i?
c’?aeiaiiy. Na??y. A. — 1972. — O.14, ? 7.; E?iaoia TH.N., I?eaaeei
A.I., Oiaeaiei A.E. //Neioac ? o?ceei-o?i?y iie?ia??a.-1975.-? 16;
I?eaaeei A.I. // I?iieneiaa oaieioaoi?ea. — 1983. — O.5, ? 3.; Privalko
V.P., Novikov V.V. The Science of Heterogeneous Polymer. — New York —
Brisbane — Toronto — Singapore, 1995.; Ooo I.E. // Niaa?oainoaiaaiea
?an/?oiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey oece/aneeo i?ioeannia. — Ieeieaaa. —
1985.; Ooo I.E., Iaeoa? I.E., Ne/ea?ue O.A. // Eiiiiceoeeii.
iieeia?iua iaoa?eaeu.-1990.- Aui.45.; Aa?oaiaa A.I., Eaci?aiei I.A., Ooo
I.E.// AIN. Na?.A. — 1985. — XXVII, ? 8.].

Aecia/aeueiei oaeoi?ii, ui aieeaa? ia aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?
eiiiiceoa, ? no?oeoo?a eiiiiceoa. I?iaiicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceo?a ?c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith, iacaaaeath/e ia aeinoaoiuei aaeeeo
a?ae?ia?ao?th ii oeueiio ieoaiith, aei inoaiiueiai /ano ia ciaoiaeeei
naiai ??oaiiy. O?eueee i?eoyaiaiiy iaoiae?a oai??? ia?eieyoe??,
o?aeoaeueii? aaiiao??? ? ?aii?ia?oiiaeo ia?aoai?aiue aeicaieeei i?ae?eoe
aei ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie iieno aieeao oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoa ia
aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaoa??aeo.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/aiee o?ceoe? eiiiiceo?a c oaioe/iith
no?oeoo?ith, iieacaa ui a aeaiee /an iaia? iaoiae?a aaeaeaaoiiai
iienaiiy aieeao oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e ia aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?.
Oea iineoaeeei iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Uia ciaeoe iioeiaeueia ??oaiiy caaea/? noai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a ?c caaeaieie
aeanoeainoyie iaiao?aeiee oe?eani?yiiaaiee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c o?ce/ieo
aoaeo?a, ui iathoue i?noea i?e ?o oa?i?/iiio ? iaoai?/iiio
iaaaioaaeaiiyo. Oaeee aiae?c aeicaiey? iaaaaaoi nei?ioeoe ia’ai aei?iaeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaa?oioiaaii aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeueio
i?ia?aio aenia?eiaio?a. O ca’yceo c oeei cia/ii c??n ?ioa?an aei
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae
iiaaae?iee i?e?iiaiaeii??aeieo iaoa??ae?a a oiiaao ??ciiiai?oieo
oaiia?aoo?ieo ? iaoai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aeeiiaiiy oaeeo
aeine?aeaeaiue iio?aao? ?ic?iaee iiaeo iaoiaeee ?ic?aooie?a.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? ? iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii ? eiie?aoiith
?aae?caoe??th iaoiaeee ii i?iaiicoaaiith o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceo?a ?c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith, ui ?icaeaathoueny a ?iaioao
Iia?eiaa A.A. ? ye? aacothony ia oai??? ia?eieyoe??, o?aeoaeueii?
aaiiao??? ? ?aii?ia?oiiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? ?o
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iaeaaeeoue aei /enea iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo caaea/
no/anii? oai??? noaoenoe/ii? o?ceee eiiaeainiaaieo na?aaeiaeu ? aeaaii
i?eaa?oa? oaaao aeine?aeiee?a. Eiiiiceoe a aeaiee /an io?eiaee oe?iea
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ye eiino?oeoe?ei? iaoa??aee o ??ciiiai?oieo aaeocyo
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa — ii?ioeia?e iaoaeo?a??, iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?,
noaeiiaoaeoaaii?, aoiii?e aia?aaoeoe?, aeaeo?ii?oe?, eini?/i?e ?
aa?aoe?ei?e oaoi?oe? ? o.i.

Iaa?oioiaaia, oe?eani?yiiaaia ea?oaaiiy aeanoeainoyie eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a iaiiaeeeai aac ciaiiy oa?aeoa?o oa nooiaiy aieeao ia ieo
iaoai?/ieo, aaeaacaoe?eieo ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a oac, oi?ie aeeth/aiue
? ?oiueiai aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy. Iaiaeii??aeiino? /eiyoue aieea ia
?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a ? iai?oa a eiino?oeoe?yo, a oaeiae ?oith
i?oei?noue ? iio?aaothoue iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo c aeei?enoaiiyi
a?aeiia?aeieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaieio?ce/ieo ? i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a c iaiaeii??aeiinoyie
??ciiiai?oii? i?e?iaee ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath no/anii? oaieio?ceee,
o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea, yea i?aaenoaaey? aaeeeee i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie, i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia o iaaeao iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? ?iaioe
eaoaae?e aeui? iaoaiaoeee IAeIO, ca?aeii c oaiaie ?
o4/1644-97“Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeenia?n?eieo caeaaeiinoae iaiaeii??aeieo
o?aeoaeueieo iaoa??ae?a iaoiaeaie ?aii?ia?oiiaeo ia?aoai?aiue” ii
iai?yieo 4/4. 526 ? ii oai? ?2/1502-97 “Noai?aiiy aeai?eoio, iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? ea?ai?/ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a. ?ic?iaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii? aace iniiaieo aeai?eoi?a” ii
iai?yieo 05.06/032 18.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?icaeoie ? aeaoae?caoe?y
iaoiaeee ?ic?aooie?a oaieio?ce/ieo, i?oaeieo ? ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae
aeey iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu ??ciiiai?oii? i?e?iaee (eiiiiceo?a), ye?
i???ioiaai? ia eiii’thoa?i? aenia?eiaioe. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai,
ae??ooaaee oae? caaea/?:

1. ?ic?iaeaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? iiaeae? oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

2. ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooie?a oaieio?ce/ieo, i?oaeieo ?
ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a c oaioe/iith
no?oeoo?ith.

3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie oaieio?ce/ieo ? i?oaeieo
aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae o?ce/ieo ?
aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaiaeii??aeiinoae, ye? aoiaeyoue aei neeaaeo
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiiiiceoa. Aecia/aiiy aieeao aeanoeainoae i?aeoaciiai
i?ioa?eo ? aa?aaaoecaoe?? eiiiiiaio?a eiiiiceoa ia aoaeoeai? o?ce/i?
aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoa.

4. Io?eiaiiy ioe?ii/ieo oi?ioe ? iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeey ?o i?aeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy a ?iaeaia?ieo oa ?ioeo ?ic?aooieao oaieio?ce/ieo ?
i?oaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, c yeeo neeaaea?oueny
eiiiiceoe?eiee iaoa??ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

1. ?ic?iaeaia o?aeoaeueia iiaeaeue oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a.

2. ?ic?iaeaia ? ?aae?ciaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oaieio?ce/ieo ?
i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, yea aaco?oueny ia
?aeayo ?aii?ia?oiiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

3. Aeine?aeaeaii oaieio?ce/i? ? i?oaei? aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a
ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a?? oa aeyaeaia ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae o?ce/ieo ?
no?oeoo?ieo ia?aiao??a eiiiiceo?a.

4. Aeine?aeaeaii oaieio?ce/i? ? i?oaei? aeanoeaino? iie?ia?ieo
eiiiiceo?a, ? aeyaeaia ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae o?ce/ieo ? no?oeoo?ieo
ia?aiao??a oa aeanoeainoae i?aeoaciiai i?ioa?eo ? aa?aaaoecaoe??
/anoeiie.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo oa
aeaoae?caoe?? aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a ae??oaiiy caaea/ oaieii?ia?aeiino?,
i?oaeiino? oa i?oaeiiieanoe/iino? aeey iaoa??ae?a ?c iaiaeii??aeiinoyie
??ciiiai?oieo oei?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeena?oaoe??. Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? i?e aecia/aii? oaieii?ia?aeieo
oa i?oei?noieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, neeaaeaieo c
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aeei?enoiaaoenue aeey i?ia?aiiiai
iniauaiiy aaoiiaoe/ieo nenoai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a ? aeyaeaiiy iiaeo
oaeoi??a, aieeaath/eo ia aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? aaoa?iaaiieo
eiiaeainiaaieo na?aaeiaeu.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a.
Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiith iaoeiaith ?iaioith. O noaooyo, ye?
iaae?oeiaai? ?acii c iaoeiaei ea??aieeii aeena?oaioa — aeieoi?ii
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Iia?eiaei A.A., inoaiiueiio iaeaaeeoue
iinoaiiaea caaea/ oa ?aeay iaoiaeo ?o ??oaiiy, aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue
eiie?aoi? ?ic?iaee, eiii’thoa?iee ?ic?aooiie o?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
aiae?c caien?a, iaienaiiy noaoae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia: I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? IAeIO
1996 ?., nai?ia?? “Iiaeaethaaiiy a i?eeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo” IAeIO 1996 ?., III Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe?? AIIO 1998 ?., nai?ia?? a EII IAI Oe?a?ie 1998 ?.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’youeio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui aeeth/a? 218
iaeiaioaaiue. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 140 noi??iie, aeeth/ath/e 30
iaethie?a ia 30 noi??ieao ? 7 oaaeeoeue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa oa caaea/? aeena?oaoe??. A?aecia/aii iaoeiao
iiaecio e i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaii
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e ia? iaeyaeiaee oa?aeoa?. A iueiio ?icaeyioo? iniiai?
i?iaeaie ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy oaieii?ia?aeieo oa i?oaeieo
aeanoeainoae iaoa??ae?a ?c no?oeoo?ieie iaiaeii??aeiinoyie ??cieo oei?a,
noi?ioeueiaaia iniiaia i?iaeaia aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae aaiaeeoueny iiiyooy o?aeoaeueieo
iiiaeei ? ?icaeyaeathoueny eeane iaoa??ae?a c o?aeoaeueiith no?oeoo?ith
?a/iaeie.

Noi?ioeueiaaii i?iaeaio caieeaiiy aecia/aeueieo ??aiyiue aeey
?ic?aooieo aoaeoeaieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iieacaii ui iaoaiaoe/i? o?oaeiiu?, ye? aeieeathoue i?e caieeaii?
??aiyiue, i?eaaee aei oiai, ui c’yaeeiny aeae?eueea iaaeeaeaieo iaoiae?a
aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceo?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii, ui iniiaith aeey iiaeaethaaiiy no?oeoo?e na?aaeiaeua c
oaioe/iei ?iciiae?eii i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae ? caieeaiiy aecia/aeueieo
??aiyiue iiaeooue neoaeeoe o?aeoaee, ye? aeicaieythoue ciaeoe iaa?aeii?
?ai?oa caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? a iiaaae?ioe? aeanoeainoae
iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu.

A ae?oa?e /anoei? ?icaeyioo? ia?eieyoe?ei? caaea/? ? canoinoaaiiy
o?aeoaeueii? aaiiao??? aei iieno no?oeoo?e iaiaeii??aeieo iaoa??ae?a o
e?eoe/i?e iaeano?. Aaiaeyoueny icia/aiiy aeey iniiaieo e?eoe/ieo
?iaeaen?a. Noi?ioeueiaaii caaea/o aecia/aiiy i?ia?aeiino? ? i?oaeieo
aeanoeainoae ia?eieyoe?eieo nenoai.

Canoiniaaii iaoiae ?aii?ia?oiiaiai ia?aoai?aiiy a ?aaeueiiio i?inoi??
aeey ia?eieyoe?eii? caaea/?. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ia?aoai?aiiy
???a?o?/ii? a?aoee. Nooue oaeiai aeai?eoio iieyaa? a cai?i?
aaiiao?e/ieo aai o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae (ca’yceo) ia aaiiao?e/i? aai
o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaiaeii??aeii? a?aoee.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ca aeiiiiiaith ?aii?ia?oiiaeo ia?aoai?aiue o
?aaeueiiio i?inoi?? iiaoaeiaaia no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue i?e?iiaiaeii??aeieo
iaoa??ae?a. Iiaeaethaaiiy noioanoe/ii? no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo aoei i?iaaaeaii ia aac? a?aoee c aeiaaeeiaei ?iciiae?eii ?o
ia?aiao??a. Nooue aeaii? iiaeae? iieyaa? a oiio, ui aocee a?aoee
iiaeaeththoue i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiino? (eiiiiiaioe nenoaie) o i?inoi??, a
ca’ycee i?ae aoceaie — ?o eiioaeoe c non?aeaie (?en.1).

Cia/iee aieea ia aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ?iaeyoue oiiae
eiioaeooaaiiy i?ae eiai eiiiiiaioaie, oiio iaaeae? ?icaeyaeaeanue
caaea/a ca’yce?a.

Iiiaeeia ca’yce?a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 io?eiaia ca aeiiiiiaith
?oa?aoe?eiiai i?ioeano, eiee ia ii/aoeiaiio e?ioe? (k = 0)
?icaeyaea?oueny e?ioeaaa a?aoea o i?inoi?? d = 2 aai d = 3 c
?iia??i?noth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 oiai, ui ca’ycie i?ae non?aei?ie aoceaie a?aoee oe?eee. Ia
ianooiiiio e?ioe? (k = 1, 2,… ,n) eiaeiee ca’ycie o a?aooe?
cai?iy?oueny a?aoeaie, io?eiaieie ia iiia?aaeiueiio e?ioe? (?en.2,
?en.3). ?oa?aoe?eiee i?ioean cae?i/oaaany, eiee aeanoeaino? a?aoee
ia?anoaaaee caeaaeaoe a?ae iiia?a ?oa?aoe?? k. Oaeei /eiii aoee
io?eiai? a?aoee ?c e?i?eieie ?ici??aie Ln, iaaaaaoi a?eueoeie
aeiaaeeie ei?aeyoe?? , oiaoi a?aoee, ia yeeo aoee aecia/ai? aoaeoeai?
iae?ineii?/i? aeanoeaino?. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?oa?aoe?eii? i?ioeaaeo?e aoea
iiaoaeiaaia iniiaia iiiaeeia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 c
o?aeoaeueiith ?ici??i?noth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. I?ney oeueiai aoee aeine?aeaeai?
o?aeoaeuei? iiiaeeie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, eiee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 1.

?iia??i?noue oiai, ui iiiaeeia ca’yce?a ooai?th? c’?aeioth/? iiiaeeie
(CI)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 eiee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, oiaoi
iiiaeeia ca’yce?a, ii ye?e iiaeia i?ieoe c iaei??? noi?iie a?aoee ia
ae?oao, aecia/aeany ye a?aeiioaiiy /enea c’?aeioth/eo iiiaeei aei
anueiai /enea ?iceeae?a (aei /enea cania?a caaa?aeaiiy ca’yce?a)
ca’yce?a i?e o?eniaaieo cia/aiiyo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 ?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. ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a
aeey a?aoee 3o3o3 iieacai? ia ?en.4. Ia iniia? iienaii?
?oa?aoe?eii? i?ioeaaeo?e aoee anoaiiaeai? aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
c’?aeioth/i? iiiaeeie ? aecia/ai? e?eoe/i? ?iaeaene, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?? iiaiaeaeaiiy iiaeeco «aaiiao?e/iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo» eiee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.

Oaeei /eiii, aa??thth/e ii/aoeia? ?ici??e a?aoee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 aoee iaea?aeai? iiaeae? no?oeoo? (iiiaeei) c ??cieie o?aeoaeueieie
?ici??iinoyie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. Aoee aecia/ai? e?eoe/i? ?iaeaene aeey
aeiaaeeie ei??aeyoe?? oa aonoeie c’?aeioth/i? iiiaeeie, a oaeiae ii?iae
i?io?eaiiy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 aeey oeeo iiaeaeae. Aoei iieacaii, yeui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, oiae?
c’?aeioth/a iiiaeeia ni?aiaaea? c ia?eieyoe?eiei eeanoa?ii.

Aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? a
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeia aanoe ii oae?e noai?: nii/aoeo
ciaoiaeyoueny aeanoeaino? ??ciiiai?oieo eiio?ao?aoe?e ia ia?oiio aoai?,
i?iaiaeeoueny ?oi? ona?aaeiaiiy, a iio?i oe? aeanoeaino? ia?aaeathoueny
ia ianooiiee aoai. Aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae iiaeeeaeo eiio?ao?aoe?e
iiiaeei ca’yce?a i?eaiaeeoue aei aeinoaoiuei o?oaeii?noeeo ia/eneaiue.
Oiio ie aeei?enoiaoaaee iaaeeaeaiee iaoiae, ui iieyaa? a oiio, uia ia
?ic?aoiaoaaoe aeanoeaino? eiio?ao?aoe??, iaea?aeaieo i?e ?iceeaeao
oe?eeo ca’yce?a ia a?aoeao, a aeae?eeoe aeaa aeaee eiio?ao?aoe?e
iiiaeei ca’yce?a: c’?aeioth/? (CI) ? iac’?aeioth/? iiiaeeie (ICI), ?
ia?aeoe a?ae aeene?aoieo iiaeaeae (ia a?aoeao) aei eiioeioaeueieo
iiaeaeae, o yeeo c’?aeioth/? ? iac’?aeioth/? iiiaeeie
i?aaenoaaeythoueny iaia?a?aiei na?aaeiaeuai. Aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
no?oeoo?e c’?aeioth/eo ? iac’?aeioth/eo iiiaeei aeei?enoiaoaaeany
e?aiaeueia iiaeaeue (eoey a iaeii??aeiiio na?aaeiaeu? — ?en.5).

Oaeei /eiii, (ia eiaeiiio aoai? (ianooaa?) ?oa?aoe?eiiai ?ic?aooieo
i?ia?aeiino?) no?oeoo?e ca’ycaieo ? ia ca’ycaieo iiiaeei iiaeaethaaeeny
neeaaeiaeie “e?aieyie”: ca’ycaia iiiaeeia iiaeoethaaeanue ianooiiei
/eiii — o iaia?a?aiiio ianea? ?c “i?ia?aeii?” oace, ciaoiaeeoueny
aeeth/aiiy o aeaeyae? eoe? (e?aie?) ?c “iai?ia?aeii?” oace (?en.5a);
iaca’ycaia iiiaeeia — o iaia?a?aiiio ianea?, ?c “iai?ia?aeii? ” oace,
ciaoiaeeoueny aieeaiiy o aeaeyae? eoe? (e?aie?) ? c “i?ia?aeii?” oace
(?en.5a). Eiioeaio?aoe?y ca’ycaieo ? ia ca’ycaieo iiiaeei ia eiaeiiio
aoai? (k) ?ic?aooie?a aecia/aeeny ??aieie pk =
R(picscalex1000100090000038900000002001200000000000500000009020000000004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-
1, pk-1) oa (1 — pk ), a?aeiia?aeii.

Aoaeoeaia i?ia?aei?noue ca’ycaieo ? iaca’ycaieo iiiaeei ia iniia?
e?aiaeueii? iiaeae? (?en.5) aecia/aeeny ca aeiiiiiaith oi?ioe,
io?eiaieo o o?ceoe? iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu. I?e oeueiio aeey
aoaeoeaieo o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iaiaeii??aeiiai na?aaeiaeua Cyo
aeeiio?oueny
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. (1)

Ca aeiiiiiaith iienaii? aeua iiaeae? eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ? iaoiaeo
iiaoaiiiai ona?aaeiaiiy aoea aeine?aeaeaia i?ia?aei?noue eiiiiceoa.
I?ia?aei?no? ca’ycaii? iiiaeeie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 ? ia ca’ycaii? iiiaeeie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 i?e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 ca?aa?oueny aei cia/aiiy aoaeoeaii?
i?ia?aeiino?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?eiiai iaoa??aeo i?e caaeaiiio cia/aii?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 ? caaeaieo i?ia?aeiinoyo eiiiiiaio?a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 ?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.

Ia ?en.6 iiaeaia ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo ii i?ia?aeiino?, ui aeaco? ia ?oith aeia?o
ocaiaeaeai?noue ? ia/eneaiiy e?eoe/iiai ?iaeaeno aoaeoeaii? i?ia?aeiino?
aeey aeiaaeeo eiee
picscalex100010009000003010100000300150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02200260061200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff20060000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500009000000fa02000010000000000000002200040000002d010000050000001402
5a005502050000001302e001d80115000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402
001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000025040000002d01010008000000320a8001
660501000000300015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e000025040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a
e001470301000000310008000000320ae001250101000000320010000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a80013504010000003d0008000000320a80016f02010000006c000800
0000320a80013400010000006c000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001000
0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01
020004000000f00101000300000000000001000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 aeaei cia/aiiy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. Ii??aiyiiy iaoeo ?ic?aooie?a c e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie iieacaei,
ui ?icaeyiooa noaia ?ic?aooieo aeia?a iieno? iaiaeii??aei? nenoaie
iiaeeco aaiiao?e/iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo
(picscalex100010009000003da000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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), aea oeoeooaoe?? aeanoeainoae
aaeee?. sseui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, oi oeoeooaoe??
ciaioothoueny, ? oi/i?noue ?ic?aooie?a c?inoa?, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

Ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith ?ic?aooie?a o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae aoee
aecia/ai? i?oaei? aeanoeaino?. Ia ?en.7 iiaeai? caeaaeiino? eiaa?eoio
iiaeoey ia’?iii? i?oaeiino? K a?ae ia’?iii? eiioeaio?aoe?? “aei?noeiai”
eiiiiiaioa p.

Ia iniia? oeeo ?ic?aooie?a, aoa aecia/aiee ?iaeaen aeey i?oaeii?
iaeano?:

K~( p-pc), ppc (2)

? s aeey aenieiaeanoe/ii? iaeano?:

K~( pc-p )s , ppc. (3)

E?eoe/iee ?iaeaen , ui aecia/a?oueny neiaoey?iei iiaiaeaeaiiyi iiaeoey
ia’?iii? i?oaeiino? K iiaeeco ii?iao i?io?eaiiy pc+0 ca aeaieie iaoeo
/enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a aei??aith? = 3.25
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffe6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a40013a0001000000b1000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000
000000000046000000000000000000000000004e88e10031bf010000000000010000
0.05, ui aeaui iaioa aeaieo, iaaaaeaieo o [Kantor Y., Webman I. //
Phys.Rev.Lett.-1984.-V.52.-P.1891.] ( = 3.55), [Sahimi M., Arbabi S. //
Rhys.Rev.-1993.-B47, ? 2.-P.713] (3.64 3.85) ? ca?aathoueny c aeaieie
?iaioe [Feng S., Sen P.N.//Phys.Rev.-1985.-B31,? 3.-P.1671.] ( = 3.26).

Aeaiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu
?c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith aeicaiey? aiae?coaaoe caeaaei?noue
aeanoeainoae a?ae neeaaeo, eiee a?aeiioaiiy aeanoeainoae oac iathoue
e?ioeaa? cia/aiiy, oiaoi i?iaiaeeoe aiae?c ia o?eueee iiaeaeueieo,
aea ? ?aaeueieo nenoai. Ia ?en.8 iieacaii ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aooieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey iiaeoey cnoao iie?ia?o a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ia’?iii? eiioeaio?aoe?? oac. Ii??aiyiiy iieaco? aeineoue aeia?o ?oith
ocaiaeaeai?noue.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeey aecia/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo ? i?oaeieo
aeanoeainoae ii?ioeiaeo eiiiiceo?a aoea aeei?enoaia iienaia o ae?oaiio
?icae?e? iiaeaeue iaiaeii??aeiiai na?aaeiaeua c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith.

Aeanoeaino? eiiiiceo?a, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeaie ii?ioeiai? iaoaeo?a??,
caeaaeaoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a — ii/aoeiai? ? e?ioeaai? ii?enoino?,
?ici??o ? aeanoeainoae /anoeiie ii?ioeo, oiia aca?iiae?? i?ae
/anoeieaie oa ?ioeo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a.

Oey caeaaei?noue aeanoeainoae a?ae no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae aeaiiai
iaoa??aeo aoea a?aoiaaia i?e i?iaiicoaaii? aeanoeainoae eiiiiceo?a.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue inaaaeinieaaa,
ia i?aenoaa? yei? aecia/aeeny aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae iaoa??aeo.

A?aeiia?aeii aei oaoiieia?? iaea?aeaiiy inaaaeinieaa?a iiaeia aaaaeaoe,
ui ia oi?ioaaiiy ea?eana c ooaiieaaeiai eiiiiiaioa neaai aieeaa?
eaaeiieaaeee eiiiiiaio. Oiio aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaieo aeanoeainoae oaeeo
iaoa??ae?a ?icaeaaee ia aeaa aoaie. Nii/aoeo aecia/aee aeanoeaino?
ea?eano c ooaiieaaeiai eiiiiiaioa, a iio?i aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? anueiai
iaoa??aeo.

I?e iiaoaeia? ona?aaeiaiiai eiioaeoo i?ae/anoeieaie ii?ioeo
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui eeanoa? ?c u?eueii oiaeiaaieo /anoeiie o noai?
a?eueii? caneiee neeaaea?oueny c iao?/ieo oi?noeoaaoeo /anoie, ui
cai?iythoueny eoeyie. Iaaeiei /anoeiie iienothoueny aaaaoia?aiieee
oae, uia a?ai? aoee aeioe/ieie o oi/eao eiioaeoo. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo
ea?ean ?icaeyaea?oueny ye nenoaia aaaaoia?aiiee?a Ai?iiiai, ui
ooai?ththoueny a oaeee niin?a: i?iaiaeyoueny aaeoi?e, ui c’?aeiothoue
oeaio? aeaii? /anoee c oeaio?aie non?aei?o, ? /a?ac na?aaeeie aaeoi??a
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei ieo i?iaiaeyoueny ieiueie. Oiae? ea?ean aa?aaiaaieo
/anoeiie neeaaea?oueny c ??ciiiai?oieo aaaaoia?aiiee?a, e?euee?noue
a?aiae, o yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai /enea nk /anoeiie
ii?ioeo, iaaeiei yei? iienaii aaaaoia?aiiee,
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 (4)

aea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 — ii?eno?noue
ea?eana (aaaaoia?aiieea Ai?iiiai).

Aoei c?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui aeanoeaino? aaaaoia?aiieea aei??aiththoue
aeanoeainoyi ona?aaeiaiiai eiioaeoo (OE) i?ae /anoeieaie (?en.9). Ia
aac? ona?aaeiaiiai aeaiaioa (?en.9) aoee aecia/ai? oaieii?ia?aei?noue oa
iiaeoe? i?oaeiino? ea?eana c ooaiieaaeiai eiiiiiaioa.

Niieo/aiiy ?oa?aoe?eiiai iaoiaeo ona?aaeiaiiy (?aii?ia?oiiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue) ? iiaoaiiiai ona?aaeiaiiy (ona?aaeiaiee eiioaeo)
aeicaieeei iienaoe aieea ia aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo aa?aaaoecaoe?? i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, eiioaeoieo yaeu i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie, e?i?eieo ?ici???a i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, ia?eieyoe?eieo
aoaeo?a. I?e oeueiio io?eiai? oi?ioee aeey o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
aeicaieeee i?iaanoe e?euee?niee aiae?c aieeao ??ciiiai?oieo no?oeoo?ieo
? o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a ia aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo
ye i?e i?iaiicoaaii? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae, oae ? i?e aiae?c?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo.

I?iaaaeaia ii??aiyiiy ii ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeeeai ?ic?aooie?a c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ii?ioeiaeo eiiiiceo?a
iieacaei ia aeineoue aeia?a ?o ocaiaeaeaiiy. Ia ?en.10 iiaeaia
ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aooieo oaieii?ia?aeiino? inaaaeinieaaa W-Nu oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui iieaco? ia caaeia?eueio ?o
ocaiaeaeai?noue. Ia ?en.11 iieacaia caeaaei?noue iiaeoey THiaa A
eiiiiceoa W-SiO2 a?ae ia’?iii? eiioeaio?aoe??.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? cai?iiiiiaaiee o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaoiae
?ic?aooieo canoiniaoaaany i?e aeine?aeaeaii? ieanoe/ieo aeanoeainoae
iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu. Ia iniia? o?aeoaeueii? no?oeoo?e
aeaoi?iiaaiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea aecia/aiee e?eoe/iee ?iaeaen e?eoa??th
ieanoe/iino? o?aeoaeueieo iiiaeei, ui iieno? neaee?iaiao iiaaae?ieo
iaae? ieanoe/iino? iiaeeco “aaiiao?e/iiai oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo“ c
?cieueiaaii? iaeano? a iia’ycaio.

Ieanoe/i?noue oaa?aeeo o?e i?ae oeneii noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?inoii o??uei,
ui cae?eniththoue ia?ao?ae ?c ?cieueiaaii? ?o iiiaeeie a ca’ycaio
iane?i/aio iiiaeeio, ui a oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?eaiaeeoue aei ia?aoiaeo
o?ea c i?oaeiiai a ieanoe/iee noai.

O ?iaio? ?icaeyaeaeany ianooiia iiaeaeue i?oaeiiieanoe/iiai ia?aoiaeo:
?c ca?eueoaiiyi iaaaioaaeaiiy c?inoa? ia’?i iaoa??aeo, ui ia?aeoia o
ieanoe/iee noai, a iiiaio ieanoe/iiai ia?aoiaeo ca’yco?oueny c
?ic??aaiiyi eeanoa?a i?oaeieo iaeanoae, ui i?iiecothoue aanue ianya
iaoa??aeo. Oaea o?ce/ia iiaeaeue aeicaiey? caiaeeoe i?oaeiiieanoe/iee
ia?ao?ae aei ia?eieyoe?eii? caaea/?. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo eeanoa?
i?oaeieo iaeanoae ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ia?eieyoe?eiee eeanoa?, ui ?
naiiiiae?aiei ia’?eoii, oiaoi o?aeoaeii.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e ?oa?aoe?eiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo, iienaiee o ae?oaiio
?icae?e?, aoee i?iaaaeai? /enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee iaae? ieanoe/iino?
eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith. *enaeuei? ?ic?aooiee
iaae? ieanoe/iino? iiaeai? ia ?en.12.

E?eoe/iee ?iaeaen e?eoa??th ieanoe/iino? i a?aeiia?aeii aei
neaee?iaiai? caeaaeiino?:
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picscalex100010009000003f20000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400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 ,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, (5)

aea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- aoaeoeaiee e?eoa??e ieanoe/iino? iaiaeii??aeiiai
na?aaeiaeua, aecia/aany ca oi?ioeith:
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, (6)

aea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 ?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 e?eoa??? ieanoe/iino? i?e eiioeaio?aoe?yo
picscalex100010009000003b20000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c022002a0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa6ffffff60010000c60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000500015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e0000b2040000002d01000008000000320ae001f9000100000031001500
0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e00ccb2040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80013a0001000000f000
0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02
000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
bc02000000cc00ffffff ?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 a?aeiia?aeii

(picscalex1000100090000031f010000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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 ?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;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).

Ia iniia? /enaeueieo ?ic?aooie?a aoei io?eiaii, ui i = 2,8 0,2.
Ca’ycie e?eoe/iiai ?iaeaeno e?eoa??th ieanoe/iino? c o?aeoaeueiith
?ici??i?noth oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e aoa aecia/aiee o aeaeyae?:

i =
(picscalex100010009000003b2000000020015000000000005000000090200000000040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 +1). (7)

Cia/aiiy i a?aeiia?aeii aei oi?ioee (7) i?eaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 1 aeey
??ciiiai?oieo iiaeaeae io?eiaieo o?aeoaeueieo no?oeoo? ( = 1.33, yeui
d = 2; = 0.9, yeui d = 3). A?aeiia?aeii aei oaaeeoe?, aeey
aeaii??iiai aeiaaeeo (d = 2) e?eoe/iee ?iaeaen a?eueoa, i?ae aeey
o?eaei??iiai aianee (d = 3).

Oaaeeoey 1. E?eoe/iee ?iaeaen ieanoe/iino? i

IIAeAEUe

?ici??i?noue nenoaied=2d=3Eeanoa? — eeanoa?3.242.49*anoea —
eeanoa?3.563.10Ia?eieyoe?eia a?aoeaCaaea/a ca’yce?a3.572.71Caaea/a
aoce?a3.342.29

?icaeyiooee aeua iaoiae ?ic?aooieo e?eoa??th ieanoe/iino? iaiaeii??aeieo
iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe eiai i?e aoaeue-yeeo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo
aeanoeainoae eiiiiiaio?a.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny eiie?aoia canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo
?aii?ia?oi aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ia?aeiino? ? oa?iii?oaeieo
aeanoeainoae iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceo?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiiaiaieo iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceo?a iieacaee, ui
i?enooi?noue oaa?aei? oace iaiiaithaa/a i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie no?oeoo?e
aio/eioe?ieiai iie?ia?o, oiaoi ia o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoyo eiiiiceoa
iicia/athoueny ia o?eueee iniaeeaino? iaiiaithaa/a, aea ? eiai
aca?iiae?y c iao?eoeath (iie?ia?ii). Oea ?noioii oneeaaeith?
i?iaiicoaaiiy o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a.

O iaiiaiaieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??aeao /anoeia iie?ia?o, ui ciaoiaeeoueny a
i?eno?iiiio (ia a?aieoe? /anoeiea — iie?ia?) i?aeoaciiio i?ioa?eo,
ci?ith? nai? aeanoeaino?. O oaeeo nenoaiao c?o/ii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaoiae iiaoaiiiai ona?aaeiaiiy. Nooue iaoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio ui:
nii/aoeo aeae?eythoue i?aaenoaaieoeueeee ia’?i iaiaeii??aeiiai
na?aaeiaeua V, yeee iio?i ?icaeaathoue ia iaeano? ? aecia/athoue
aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? eiaeii? ?c ieo; i?ney oeueiai, ?icaeyaeath/e
iaeano? ?icaeooy ye eaac?iaeii??aei? aecia/athoue aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino?
anueiai i?aaenoaaieoeueeiai ia’?io V. I?iaiaey/e ona?aaeiaiiy iiaoaiii
(oiaoi ?ooath/enue a?ae iaeeo ianooaa?a iaiaeii??aeiinoae aei
iae?i?ici???a), aoee aecia/ai? aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? anueiai iaoa??aeo.

Aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, oae? ye
oaieii?ia?aei?noue, iiaeoe? i?oaeiino? ? eiao?oe??io oaieiaiai
?icoe?aiiy ona?aaeiaiiai aeaiaioa aecia/aeeny iaoiaeii iiaoaiiiai
ona?aaeiaiiy (aecia/aiiy aeanoeainoae ae?eyiie ?icaeaee).

Eii??ea Ai?iiiai. Iiaeaeue ona?aaeiaiiai aeaiaioa. O iaiiaiaieo
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??aeao iane?i/aiiee eeanoa? neeaaea?oueny c aa?aaiaaieo
/anoie, oiio ia?aae oei, ye aecia/eoe aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? iaiiaiaieo
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a, iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe aeanoeaino? iane?i/aiiiai
eeanoa?a, ui ia? naith i?e?ino?oeoo?o.

Eiaei?e /anoeioe? iane?i/aiiiai eeanoa?a c?noaaeyee aaaaoia?aiiee
Ai?iiiai. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo iane?i/aiiee eeanoa? i?aaenoaaeyany ye
nenoaia aaaaoia?aiiee?a Ai?iiiai, e?euee?noue a?aiae o yeeo caeaaeeoue
a?ae eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai /enea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 /anoeiee iaiiaithaa/a iaaeiei yei? iienaii
aaaaoia?aiiee (?en.13).

I?e eiioeaio?aoe?? aaaaoia?aiiee?a ??aii? ii?iaia? i?io?eaiiy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 ooai?eoueny iane?i/aiiee eeanoa? c aa?aaiaaieo /anoie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,
aea g-ii?ioaaeueiee iiiaeeie
g=1/(1-picscalex100010009000003d2000000020015000000000005000000090200000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). I?e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 aanue ianya caeiyoee eeanoa?ii, a
a?aie/ia eiioeaio?aoe?y /anoie iaiiaithaa/a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 iiaea ci?ithaaoeny a ae?aiacii? 0.3…0.6, oiaoi
a?aie/ia iaiiaiaiiy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 ci?ith?oueny ye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.

Cia/aiiy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 caeaaeeoue a?ae oiia aca?iiae??
iiaa?oi? /anoie ?c iie?ia?ii. I?e aeia??e aaeaac?? ? aenie?e a?ocueeino?
/anoee iie?eaathoueny i?ioa?eii iie?ia?o, oiaueiith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, ui ia?aoeiaeaea?
caeeaeaiith /anoie, oiaoi oeaio?e /anoie iaaeeaeathoueny o?eueee ia
a?aenoaiue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(picscalex100010009000003b4000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 — ae?aiao? /anoie). O iaae?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 aeinyaa? oaeeo
cia/aiue, ui iaeneiaeueia iaiiaiaiiy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 noaia i?eaeecii 0,3. I?e ciaioaii?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 cia/aiiy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 ?inoa. Iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy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 = 0.6 a?aeiia?aea? a?aie/iiio
iaiiaiaiith ianyao oaioe/ii ?icoaoiaaieie i?ioieaie
(picscalex100010009000003a9000000020012000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02c00100021200000026060f001a00ffffffff0000100
00000c0ffffffc6ffffffc0010000860100000b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706
50000300011000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200104d5420457874726
10002040000002d01000008000000320a60012401010000006c0010000000fb0280fe000
0000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f00
1000008000000320a60013a000100000044000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000
0000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040
000002d01000004000000f00101000300000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000260600000a0000000a0000000000 0).

Niieo/aiiy iiaeae? no?oeoo?e, io?eiaii? a ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ia iniia?
?aii?ia?oiiaiai ia?aoai?aiiy, ? eii??ee Ai?iiiai (ona?aaeiaiiai
aeaiaioa) aeicaieeei iienaoe aieea ia aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? iaiiaiaieo
iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a aa?aaaoecaoe?? ? eeanoa?ecaoe??
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, eiioaeoieo yaeu i?ae eiiiiiaioaie, e?i?eieo
?ici???a i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, ia?eieyoe?eieo aoaeo?a.

Aoei i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy ?ic?aooie?a c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae iaiiaiaieo iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a, yea iieacaei ia
aeia?a ?o ocaiaeaeaiiy.

Ia ?en.14 c?noaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii
aeine?aeaeaiith iiaeoey THiaa eiiiiceoa ?iieneaeia niiea — /anoee
e?aiiacaia. Ia ?en.15 iiaeaii ?ic?aooiie oaieii?ia?aeiino? iie?ia?a a?ae
ia’?iii? eiioeaio?aoe?? iaiiaithaa/a.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE ? AENIIAEE

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae iiaoaeiae o?aeoaeueii? iiaeae? no?oeoo?e
oaioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua ? iiaoaiiee (?oa?aoe?eiee) iaoiae aecia/aiiy
oaieio?ce/ieo ? i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a
aeinoaoiuei aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c /enaeueiei iiaeaethaaiiyi
aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoa ? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e i?iaiicoaaii?
aeanoeainoae ye ia?eieyoe?eieo nenoai, oae ? iaoa??ae?a ?c e?ioeaaei
?icoiaeaeaiiyi cia/aiue aeanoeainoae oac ?o neeaaeiaeo.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo ?
i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae aeey eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ui aeicaieythoue
cae?enieoe i?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeno o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eiiai
iaoa??aeo, aacoth/enue ia ?aeeiiio i?aeoiae? aei ??oaiiy oeeo caaea/.

1. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia o?aeoaeueia iiaeaeue oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? aeine?aeaeaii ?o aaiiao?e/i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Aoee aecia/ai? e?eoe/i? ?iaeaene oa o?aeoaeueia
?ici??i?noue ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae.

2. Aia?oa aeey iieno o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a c
oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith aoea canoiniaaia o?aeoaeueia iiaeaeue no?oeoo?e.

3. ?ic?iaeaia ? ?aae?ciaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo i?ia?aeiino?, iiaeoey
ia’?iii? i?oaeiino? ? iiaeoey cnoao eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo, yea
aaco?oueny ia o?aeoaeuei?e iiaeae? oa ?aeayo ?aii?ia?oiiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue. Aecia/aii e?eoe/iee ?iaeaen i?ia?aeiino? t. Iieacaii, ui
i?oaei? aeanoeaino? na?aaeiaeua c oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?ith caeaaeaoue a?ae
cia/aiue eiao?oe??io?a Ioaniia oac na?aaeiaeua 1, 2 a aenieiaeanoe/i?e
iaeano? (p < picscalex100010009000003b20000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c024002c0011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffa6ffffff80010000e60100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000600015000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e65 7720526f6d616e000066040000002d01000008000000320ae0010f010100000063001500 0000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61 6e000066040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a80013a00010000007000 0a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02 000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f001010003000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000fb020000 07000000100000ffffff) oa i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeaoue a?ae 1, 2 a i?oaei?e iaeano? (p >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). Iiaeeco ii?iaa ia?eieyoe??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? e?eoe/i? ?iaeaene iiaeoey ia’?iii?
i?oaeiino? = 3.25
picscalex100010009000003880000000200120000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffe6ffffff20010000660100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000200010000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320a40013a0001000000b1000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f001000003000000000000ce0200000000000000
000000000046000000000000000000000000000010000000fb020000070000010000
0.05 i?e ??n oa s = -0.55 i?e ??n .

4. Aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue oaieii?ia?aeiino?, eiao?oe??ioa oaieiaiai
?icoe?aiiy, iiaeoey ia’?iii? i?oaeiino? oa cnoao iaoa??ae?a ii?ioeiai?
iaoaeo?a?? (inaaaeinieaa?a) a?ae ia?aiao??a eiiiiceoa. Iienaii aieea ia
aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? inaaaeinieaa?a aa?aaaoecaoe?? oa eeanoa??caoe??
i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, eiioaeoieo yaeu i?ae eiiiiiaioaie, e?i?eieo
?ici???a i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, ia?eieyoe?eieo aoaeo?a ca aeiiiiiaith
niieo/aiiy ?oa?aoe?eiiai iaoiaeo ona?aaeiaiue (?aii?ia?oiiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue) ? iiaoaiiiai ona?aaeiaiiy (ona?aaeiaiee eiioaeo).

5. Aecia/aii e?eoe/iee ?iaeaen e?eoa??th ieanoe/iino? o?aeoaeueii?
iiiaeeie ia iniia? o?aeoaeueii? no?oeoo?e aeaoi?iiaaiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea.

6. Aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue oaieii?ia?aeiino?, iiaeoey ia’?iii?
i?oaeiino? oa cnoao a?ae no?oeoo?ieo ia?aiao??a iie?ia?ieo eiiiiceo?a ca
aeiiiiiaith iiaeae?, io?eiaii? ia iniia? ?aii?ia?oiiaiai ia?aoai?aiiy ?
eii??ie Ai?iiiai (ona?aaeiaiiai aeaiaioa). Ii cai?iiiiiaai?e iaoiaeeoe?
aoa i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie oaieii?ia?aeiino? iaiiaiaiiai iie?ia?iiai
iaoa??aeo ? ii??aiyiee c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie aeey oe?ieiai eeano
a?ia?ieo eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a (na?aaeiy iioeaea ?ic?aooieo
oaieii?ia?aeiino? ii cai?iiiiiaai?e iaoiaeeoe? neeaaea? 5-6 %).
Aecia/aii aieea ia aoaeoeai? o?ce/i? aeanoeaino? iaiiaiaiiai iie?ia?iiai
iaoa??aeo aa?aaaoecaoe?? i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, eiioaeoieo yaeu i?ae
eiiiiiaioaie, e?i?eieo ?ici???a i?e?iiaiaeii??aeiinoae, aeanoeainoae
i?aeoaciiai i?ioa?eo.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAI? O ?IAIOAO

1. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. Eeiaeiua e iaeeiaeiua oi?oaea naienoaa
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia. ?aii?ia?oiiiaie iiaeoiae // Oeceea e oaoieea
aunieeo aeaaeaiee. – 1997. — T.7, ? 3. — N.21 — 31.

2. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. Oi?oaea naienoaa e eiyooeoeeaio oaieiaiai
?anoe?aiey ii?ioeiauo eiiiiceoia // Ii?ioeiaay iaoaeeo?aey. — 1998. — ?
5/6. — C.89 — 99.

3. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. Oece/aneea naienoaa iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoia.
?aii?ia?oiiiaie iiaeoiae // EOAE. -1998. -O.71, ? 4. — N.718 — 729.

E??i oiai, ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoee iaae?oeiaai? ianooii?
iaoa??aee:

1. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. Eeiaeiua oi?oaea naienoaa iieeia?iuo
iaoa?eaeia. ?aii?ia?oiiiaie iiaeoiae // O?oaeu iieiaeuo o/aiuo
IAIO.-1997. — N.143 — 147.

2. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. Oece/aneea naienoaa iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoia.
?aii?ia?oiiiaie iiaeoiae //Iaoa?eaeu III Anaoe?aeineie iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee. AIIO. -1998. — N.10 — 16.

3. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A. E?eoa?ee ieanoe/iinoe oaa?aeuo oae.
O?aeoaeueiua i?aaenoaaeaiey // Iaoaiaoeea e ineoieiaey a iaaeaaiae/aneie
nenoaia “Oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao” / Na.no.1-e
iaaeaeoia?.iao/.-i?aeoe/.eiio. IAIO. –1996. — N.80 — 81.

4. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A., ?aiueaa I.?. Iaoiae ?aii?ia?oiiiauo
i?aia?aciaaiee i?e ii?aaeaeaiee oi?oaeo naienoa iieeia?iuo nenoai //
Iaoaiaoeea e ineoieiaey a iaaeaaiae/aneie nenoaia “Oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao” / Na.no.1-e iaaeaeoia?.iao/.-i?aeoe/.eiio. IAIO. – 1996. —
N.81 — 83.

5. Iiaeeia A.A., AEa?iaa I.A., ?aiueaa I.?. Oaieii?iaiaeiinoue
iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiuo iaoa?eaeia. ?aii?ia?oiiiaie iiaeoiae //
Iiaeaee?iaaiea a i?eeeaaeiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo. Iaoa?eaeu naieia?a.
Iaeanna: IAIO. — 1996.- N.6 — 8.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.07 – “O?ceea
oaa?aeiai o?ea”. — ?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa IAI Oe?a?ie,
Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoe?eieo
iaoa??ae?a oa ?o o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae. O ?iaio? aia?oa ia iniia?
o?aeoaeueii? iiaeae? oaioe/iiai na?aaeiaeua aoa canoiniaaiee iiaoaiiee
(?oa?aoe?eiee) iaoiae aecia/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo ? i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ui aeacaa ia aeia?o ocaiaeaeai?noue c
aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ye aeey ia?eieyoe?eieo nenoai, oae ? aeey
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ?c e?ioeaaei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi cia/aiue
aeanoeainoae oac c yeeo aiie neeaaeathoueny. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao
no?oeoo?ieo ia?aiao??a eiiiiceo?a ?c oaioe/iith no?oeoo?ith ia aoaeoeai?
o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?. A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii aieea o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
i?aeoaciiai i?ioa?eo ia aoaeoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiiiiceoa. O
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy oaieio?ce/ieo oa
i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae aeey eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? aacothoueny ia
?aeeiiio i?aeoiae? aei ??oaiiy oeeo caaea/ ? ye? aeicaieythoue
cae?enieoe i?iaiicoaaiiy eiiieaeno o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae eiiiiceo?a.
?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? i?e aecia/aii? oaieio?ce/ieo oa i?oeiinoieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e, ui neeaaeathoueny c eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.
Iieacaii ui caaaeuei? iaoiaee aeey ia/eneaiiy aoaeoeaii? i?ia?aeiino?
eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a iiaeooue aooe canoiniaoaai? aei i?iaiicoaaiiy
oaiia?aoo?ii? oa iaoai?/ii? o?eaeino? eiiiiceoa. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
i?ecia/ai? ? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey i?ia?aiiiai iniauaiiy
aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a oa i?e aeyaeaii? iiaeo
/eiiee?a, aieeaath/eo ?noioii ia aoaeoeai? aeanoeaino? iaiaeii??aeieo
na?aaeiaeu.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.07 – “ Oeceea
oa??aeiai oaea ”. — Einoeooo i?iaeai iaoa?eaeiaaaeaiey IAI Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oece/aneeo naienoa
eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia. A ?aaioa ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey
oaieioece/aneeo e oi?oaeo naienoa aeey eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia,
eioi?ua iicaieytho inouanoaeoue i?iaiice?iaaiea eiiieaena oece/aneeo
naienoa aeaiiiai iaoa?eaea, iniiauaathueony ia aaeeiii iiaeoiaea e
?aoaieth yoeo caaea/.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa aia?aua ?ac?aaioaia o?aeoaeueiay iiaeaeue
oaioe/aneie no?oeoo?u eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia e enneaaeiaaiu a?
aaiiao?e/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee. A aeenna?oaoeee aia?aua aeey iienaiey
oece/aneeo naienoa eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia n oaioe/aneie no?oeoo?ie
auea i?eiaiaia o?aeoaeueiay iiaeaeue no?oeoo?u. I?e a? iino?iaiee
eniieueciaaeenue eaeae ?aii?ia?oiiiauo i?aia?aciaaiee, eioi?ua ?aiaa
iaoee oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea a oeceea oaiia?aoo?iuo oaciauo ia?aoiaeao.
Ii?aaeaeaiiu e?eoe/aneea eiaeaenu e o?aeoaeueiay ?acia?iinoue ?acee/iuo
no?oeoo?iuo iiaeaeae.

A ?aaioa aia?aua ia iniiaa o?aeoaeueiie iiaeaee oaioe/aneie n?aaeu aue
i?eiai?i iiyoaiiue (eoa?aoeeiiiue) iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey oaieioece/aneeo e
oi?oaeo naienoa eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia, eioi?ue iieacae ia oi?ioaa
niaeanea n yenia?eiaioaeueiuie aeaiiuie, eae aeey ia?eieyoeeiiiuo
nenoai, oae e aeey eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia n eiia/iui ?acee/eai
cia/aiee naienoa oac eo ninoaaeythueo.

?ac?aaioaia e ?aaeeciaaia iaoiaeeea ?an/?oa i?iaiaeeiinoe, iiaeoey
iau?iiie oi?oainoe e iiaeoey naeaeaa eiiiiceoeeiiiiai iaoa?eaea,
eioi?ay aace?oaony ia o?aeoaeueiie iiaeaee e ia eaeayo ?aii?ia?oiiiauo
i?aia?aciaaiee. Ii?aaeaeai e?eoe/aneee eiaeaen i?iaiaeeiinoe t.

Iieacaii, /oi oi?oaea naienoaa n?aaeu n oaioe/aneie no?oeoo?ie neeueii
caaenyo io cia/aiee eiyooeoeeaioia Ioanniia oac n?aaeu 1, 2 a
aunieiyeanoe/aneie iaeanoe ( ??n ) e i?aeoe/anee ia caaeneo io 1, 2 a
oi?oaie iaeanoe ( ??n ). A ie?anoiinoe ii?iaa ia?eieyoeee ?n
ii?aaeaeaiiu e?eoe/aneea eiaeaenu iiaeoey iauaiiie oi?oainoe = 3.25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.05 i?e ??n e s = -0.55 i?e ??n .

?anniio?aii eiie?aoiia i?eiaiaiea iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa oece/aneeo naienoa
aeey ii?ioeiauo e iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoia, iieo/aiiie ia iniiaa
?aii?ia?oiiiaiai i?aia?aciaaiey e y/aeee Ai?iiiai (on?aaeiaiiiai
yeaiaioa).

Eniieuecoy, i?aaeeiaeaiioth iiaeaeue no?oeoo?u eiiiiceoeeiiiiai
iaoa?eaea e eoa?aoeeiiiue iaoiae ?an/aoa (?aii?ia?oiiiaia
i?aia?aciaaiea), enneaaeiaaiu oaieii?iaiaeiinoue, eiyooeoeeaio oaieiaiai
?anoe?aiey e iiaeoee iau?iiie oi?oainoe e naeaeaa iaoa?eaeia ii?ioeiaie
iaoaeeo?aee (inaaaeinieaaia) e auyaeaia eo caaeneiinoue io ia?aiao?ia
eiiiiceoa. ?ac?aaioaiiay iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iicaieyao o/anoue aeeyiea ia
yooaeoeaiua naienoaa ii?ioeiauo eiiiiceoia aa?aaaoecaoeee e
eeanoa?ecaoeee iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoae, eiioaeoiuo yaeaiee iaaeaeo
eiiiiiaioaie, eeiaeiuo ?acia?ia iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoae, ia?eieyoeeiiiuo
yooaeoia.

Eniieuecoy, i?aaeeiaeaiioth iiaeaeue no?oeoo?u eiiiiceoeeiiiiai
iaoa?eaea e eoa?aoeeiiiue iaoiae ?an/aoa (?aii?ia?oiiiaia
i?aia?aciaaiea), enneaaeiaaiu oaieii?iaiaeiinoue, iiaeoee iau?iiie
oi?oainoe e naeaeaa iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoia. Ii i?aaeeaaaaiie iaoiaeeea
aue i?iaaaeai ?an/ao oaieii?iaiaeiinoe iaiieiaiiiai iieeia?iiai
iaoa?eaea e n?aaiaiea aai n yenia?eiaioaeueiuie aeaiiuie aeey oe?ieiai
eeanna aeia?iuo eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia (n?aaeiyy iia?aoiinoue
?an/aoa oaieii?iaiaeiinoe ii i?aaeeaaaaiie iaoiaeeea ninoaaeyao 5-6 %).
?ac?aaioaiiay iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iicaieyao o/anoue aeeyiea ia yooaeoeaiua
naienoaa iaiieiaiiiai iieeia?iiai iaoa?eaea aa?aaaoecaoeee
iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoae, eiioaeoiuo yaeaiee iaaeaeo eiiiiiaioaie,
eeiaeiuo ?acia?ia iee?iiaiaeii?iaeiinoae, naienoa iaaeoaciiai neiy.

A aeenna?oaoeee auea naeaeaia iiiuoea, ?ani?ino?aieoue ?ac?aaioaiiue
iiaeoiae enneaaeiaaiey oece/aneeo naienoa eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia
aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey ieanoe/aneeo naienoa eiiiiceoia iaiaeii?iaeiie
n?aaeu. I?e iiiiue i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee ii?aaeaeai e?eoe/aneee
eiaeaen e?eoa?ey ieanoe/iinoe o?aeoaeueiuo iiiaeanoa, eioi?ue iienuaaao
neaeeeiaiaia iiaaaeaiea i?aaeaea ieanoe/iinoe aaeece “aaiiao?e/aneiai
oaciaiai ia?aoiaea“.

?acoeueoaou, iieo/aiiua a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa, iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu i?e ii?aaeaeaiee oaieioece/aneeo e i?i/iinoiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee yeaiaioia eiino?oeoeee, ninoiyueo ec eiiiiceoeeiiiuo
iaoa?eaeia. Iieacaii, /oi iauea iaoiaeu aeey au/eneaiey yooaeoeaiie
i?iaiaeeiinoe eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny aeey
i?iaiice?iaaiey oaiia?aoo?iie e iaoaie/aneie i?i/iinoe eiiiiceoa.
Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou i?aaeiacia/aiu e eniieuecothony aeey i?ia?aiiiiai
iniauaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiuo nenoai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ecaeaeee, a
auyaeaiee iiauo oaeoi?ia nouanoaaiii aeeythueo ia yooaeoeaiua naienoaa
iaiaeii?iaeiuo n?aae.

Dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
physical and mathematical sciences on a speciality 01.04.07 — » Physics
of a firm body «. — Institute of problems of to lead a material NAS of
Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of research of structure of
composite materials and their physical properties. The iterative method
of definition of thermo-physical and elastic properties of composite
materials on the base of fractal model of chaotic environment for the
first is applied in this warm. This method showed the good consent
with experimental data, both for percolation systems, and for composite
materials with final distinction of properties of phases of their
components. The analysis of influence of structural parameters of
composites with chaotic structure on to effective physical properties is
carried out. The influence of physical properties of interphasic layer
on to the effective characteristics of a composite was examined. The
methods of definition of thermophysical and elastic properties for
composite materials are developed. They allow to carry out forecast a
complex of composite material’s physical properties. The results, which
received in the dissertation, can be used for definition of thermal,
conductive and durable characteristics of elements of any consisting
from composite materials. The common methods for calculation of
effective conductivity of composite materials can be used for
forecasting of temperature and mechanical treatment of a composite. The
received results are designed and used for software of the automate
systems of designing of products, in elicitation of the new factors
which essentially influence on to effective property of heterogeneous
condensed media.

Похожие записи