IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IIAICIAANOAA II. I.I.IIOAAII

OI?IAIIAA NA?OEAIA A?EOI??AIA

OAeE 801.3:883 Eioethaeinueeee

EETH*IA? NEIAA O IIAI?E EA?OEI? NA?OO

IEOAEEA EIOeTHAEINUeEIAI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss EAIAeEAeAOA O?EIEIA?*IEO
IAOE

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ia
eaoaae?? ?iicaiieo iia

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

NIEIEIANUeEA AEAIIA IAAE?AIA,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa

Oaa??enueeiai aeieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

IIEN??IEI AIAOIE?E EE?EEIAE*,

Iinoeooo oe?a?iiciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai iaoeiiiaeueiiai oiiaa?neoaoo ii.
Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

OAA*AIEI EA?ENA EAII?Ae?AIA,

Oe?a?inueeee iiaii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee oiiae IAI Oe?a?ie

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA — Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaaeaaiai/iee oi?aa?neoao ii.
I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a noee?noeee oe?a?inueei?
iiae

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29“ aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 10.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.172.01 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?? ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e ?inoeooo?
iiaiciaanoaa ii. I.I.Iioaaii IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a, aoe.
A?ooaanueeiai,4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Iinoeoooo
iiaiciaanoaa ii. I.I. Iioaaii IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a, aoe.
A?ooaanueeiai, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 27 “ na?iiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I. A. Ica?iaa

A oiiaao iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie iiaeeaeany ?ioa?an ia eeoa aei ooo/ii
aeeo/aieo ?c iiaii-e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ienueiaiiee?a, a e aei ciaieo,
“o?anoiiao?eieo”, oai?/?noue yeeo o iao /an iiaeia aeine?aeaeoaaoe
aeeaoa, a?euei?oa, aac ?aeaieia?/iiai oeneo, i?ae eooii ?o na?oiaa/aiiy
oa anoaoe/iiai e?aaei. Cia/iith i??ith na?oiaeyaei? iiceoe??,
iaoe?iiaeueia niaoeeo?ea oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea ?ice?eaathoueny /a?ac
iiao eiai oai??a.

Aaeeeee ?ioa?an o oeueiio ieai? noaiiaeoue oai?/?noue Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai – iaeiiai c ei?eoa?a oe?a?inueei? eeane/ii? e?oa?aoo?e,
aeaeaoiiai ooaeiaeieea oe?a?inueeiai neiaa, oiieiai noee?noa.

Aeioe?eueiei, cie?aia, aeaea?oueny iai aiae?c iiae oai??a
I.Eioethaeinueeiai /a?ac eeth/ia? neiaa (aeae? – EN), ye? o
ooaeiaeiueiio oai?? aenooiathoue eiioeaioaie na?oiaeyaeieo iiceoe?e
ienueiaiieea, eiai iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo, ia?aaoaathoue ia ia?aoei?
iniiaieo nieneiaeo e?i?e oai?o ? eiioeaio?othoue o nia? anoaoe/i?
cia/aiiy ne?a.

O no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio iiaiciaanoa? noai?aii oeieo e?iaa?noe/iiai
aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo (aeae? – OO). Oea i?aoe? N.ss.??iieaiei,
E.I.Ionoia?o, I.I.Nieiaoa, E.I.Noaaeoeueei?, TH.N.Eacaaieea,
A.E.Iien??iea oa ?i. Aea ua iaei aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo ?ae?inoeeth
oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a. O oeueiio ieai? aa?oi iacaaoe iiiia?ao??
I.I.Nieiaoa “Iiaiee na?o Ieany Aii/a?a (iiaiee aniaeo)” (1991),
I.A.Neooae-Iieioa?ai? “Ooaeiaei?e ia?ac o aeca?eae? i?oo aoiino:
I.Ea?iiioia, O.Oaa/aiei” (1996), O.I.Iaeca?nueei? “I?iaeaie
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? i?oieia?? (O.Oaa/aiei – E.Oe?a?iea)” (1997),
A.E.Iien??iea “Neiai a aia?oeaioe?ei?e nenoai? iiaoe/iiai oaenoo:
aeaeiaeoaaiiy Oaa/aieiaiai a??oa” (1997).

Iaei oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiue, i?enay/aieo aiae?co iiae oai??a eeaneea
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai. Iiaeia iacaaoe oae?:
A.I.Ae?icaeianueeee “Noeeenoeea eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-ooaeiaeanoaaiiie ?a/e
(ia iaoa?eaea i?iecaaaeaiee I.I.Eioethaeineiai e ae?oaeo oe?aeineeo
ienaoaeae eiioea O?O – ia?aie iieiaeiu OO aa.)”, Aaoi?ao. aeen. … aeieo.
oeeie. iaoe (1984); TH.A.Eociaoeia “Iiaoeea i?ice Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai” (1989); TH.A.Eociaoeia, I.?.I?eee “Ne?aeaie oa?
Ii?aaie: Aea/aiiy oai?/ino? I.I.Eioethaeinueeiai a oeie?” (1990).

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia aaaeeea?noth aea/aiiy
aeii?iaioieo iaeeieoeue ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, ye? aeyaeythoue
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee noeeue ienueiaiieea. Oaeeie aeii?iaioieie iaeeieoeyie
? eeth/ia? neiaa, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue /a?ac iiao aeeaoa inieneeoe
oai?/o iniaeno?noue I.Eioethaeinueeiai, eiai anoaoe/ia e?aaei.

C iiaeyaeo oai??? aiae?co ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy
ni?eyoeia aeyaeaiith caeiiii??iinoae ooaeiaeiueiai ia?aoai?aiiy neiaa ?
aiaeii/an aeyaeaiith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueei? iiaii? niaoeeo?ee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aea/aiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e a ianiaoe?aeueieo aocao ia
iaiaaeo?oueny canai?iiyi eeoa oaiaoeee oa iniiaiiai eaene/iiai neeaaeo
ooaeiaei?o oai??a. Aaaeeeao ?ieue i?e aea/aii? iiae a?ae?a?a? ciaeiinoai
?c i?ea?iaeueieie oaenoaie, ye? ?ai?acaioothoue iaee?au? c?acee
oe?a?inueei? iiac?? oa i?ice. I?ae?aniei iaoa??aeii aeey oaeeo c?ace?a ?
oai?e I.Eioethaeinueeiai. Aiie aoiaeyoue aei i?ia?ai c oe?a?inueei? iiae
oa e?oa?aoo?e ye na?aaei?o, oae ? aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.
I.Eioethaeinueeee iaeaaeeoue aei /enea oeo ienueiaiiee?a, ye? ?icoe?eee
oaiaoe/i? ia??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ? oeei ?ioaeaeooae?coaaee
oe?a?inueeo iiao, yeo /anoi caiaeeee aei ioaeeoeueei?. Aeie?aieai? oa
aeine?aeaeai? iaie EN o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo ienueiaiieea ni?eyoeiooue
aeeaoiio i?i/eoaiith eiai oai??a, oi?ioaaiith a?ae/oooy e?ane neiaa.

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? ae/eaioaaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a o iiai?e
ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai, aeyaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e oi?ioaaiiy
iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo ienueiaiieea, aiae?c EN ye iane??cieo,
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiuei iaaaioaaeaieo eiiiiiaio?a on??? oai?/ino? ieooey, /e
ie?aiiai oai?o ienueiaiieea, ye oeaio??a eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo iie?a o
oai??; aiae?c ia?aeeaae?a ia ?io? iiae aeayeeo oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai
c iaoith aeyaeaiiy niaoeeo?ee ooaeiaeiuei? ooieoe?? EN oa ?o ia?aaea/?
?ioith iiaith.

Iiaia ea?oeia na?oo ienueiaiieea a?aeiia?aeii aei eiai
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiuei? iiceoe?? eiiaeaino?oueny o oe?e?nio nenoaio, yeo
noai?ththoue iiai? caniae, aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii. Aeey aeyaeaiiy oeeo
cania?a aoei aeine?aeaeaii EN, ye? aeiiiiaaathoue c?icoi?oe ia?acio oa
iiaio ea?oeio na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai o a?aeia?aaeaii? eiai
o?einionueeeo, ooaeiaei?o oa na?oiaeyaeieo iiaeyae?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe noi?ioeueiaaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Nenoaiaoecoaaoe e ocaaaeueieoe o?eieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?i ?ieue ?
ooieoe?? eeth/iaeo ne?a o ooaeiaei?o oai?ao.

2. Aecia/eoe e?eoa??? a?aeai?o EN, ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iaoiaeeeo aiae?co
EN o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?.

3. Aeyaeoe ooaeiaeith ooieoe?th eeth/iaeo ne?a o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo
I.Eioethaeinueeiai ? /anoeiai – a ia?aeeaaeao eiai oai??a. Ni?aa?aeianoe
ea?oeio na?oo oe?a?ioe?a ? iiaio ea?oeio na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Iniiaiee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy – iaoiae eiioaenooaeueiiai aiae?co, yeee
aeaa iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe ci?noia? oa anoaoe/i? ooieoe?? eeth/iaeo ne?a
o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?; niaoeeo?eo iiae ienueiaiieea. Aeey aecia/aiiy
naiaioeee EN canoiniaaii aeaiaioe eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co neiaa, aeey
aiae?co iiae ia?aeeaae?a – c?noaaiiai. Aeei?enoaii /anoeiai noaoenoe/iee
iaoiae.

Aeaea?aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaoaaei aeaaeai?/ia aeaeaiiy oai??a
I.Eioethaeinueeiai o 7-ie o.o. Aei ?icaeyaeo caeo/aii iaoa??aee
eaeneeia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae, cie?aia oaeeo: NOI (Neiaiee oe?a?inueei? iiae
o 11-oe o.o.); Oe?a?inuee? neiaiee // Ca ?aae. I.I.Aeieo?aiea (1994);
Iae?ia?ao?/i? neiaieee //Ca ?aae. I.I. ?iaea (Eiiaeii, 1852), I.
?iaa?oniia (1859), O. Eana?ana (1941), ?. Oaee?aa oa A. oii Aa?oao?aa
(TH.I. Ea?aoeia, 1976).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

1. Aia?oa a oe?a?i?noeoe? aeine?aeaeaii oai?/?noue I.Eioethaeinueeiai
i?ae eooii eeth/iaeo ne?a, oiaoi i?ae eooii eiioeaio?aoe?? na?oiaa/aiiy
ienueiaiieea, eiai anoaoe/iiai e?aaei a eeth/iaeo neiaao.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaii nai? aecia/aiiy iiiyooy eeth/iaa neiai.

3. Cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th oa oa?aeoa?enoeeo eeth/iaeo ne?a o iia?
oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a caaaa/aii? i?aeoiae?a aei aea/aiiy
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, eiai iniaeeainoae. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
aeiiiaiththoue ? ?icoe?ththoue ciaiiy i?i a?aeia?aaeaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo
iiceoe?e aaoi?a, eiai anoaoe/iiai e?aaei /a?ac ooieoe?? eeth/iaeo ne?a o
iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo ienueiaiieea. Aeena?oaoe?y ? iaaiei aianeii o
oai??th ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? i?ae /an /eoaiiy niaoeeo?n?a ?c noee?noeee
ooaeiaeiueiai iiaeaiiy, ia i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo c ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, i?e iaienaii? eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o,
i?enay/aieo aiaeeco ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-ooaeiaeiueiai noeeth ienueiaiieea o
aoc?, i?e aea/aii? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea a na?aaei?e oa aeu?e oeie?.
Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aiae?co eeth/iaeo ne?a aeicaieeoue oyaeoe iiaio
ea?oeio na?oo ienueiaiieea, aoaea ei?eniith i?e oeeaaeaii? neiaieea iiae
ienueiaiieea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae oa e?oa?aoo?e I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai, ani??aionueeeo cai?ao
oiai ae oi?aa?neoaoo. I?i iniiai? iai?yie aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeiny ia
oaeeo i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: “Oeyoe iineeaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?aeoe/iiai eo?no oe?a?inueei? iiae oa aeoiaaiiy /eoaoeueei?
iaenoa?iino?” (Iaeana, 1992), “Eeane/ia iaaeaaia?ea e o?eieia?y o na?o?
no/anieo caaaeaiue oe?eueii? ? aoc?anueei? neiaaniino?” (Iaeana, 1993),
“?ieue o?eieia?/ii? niaaeueie I.I.Iioaai? a aoiai?caoe?? ?
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? ? o?eieia?/ii? ina?oe” (Iaeana – ?cia?e –
A?eai?iae-Aei?no?ianueeee, 1994), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio Oi?aa?neoao? “Ee?ai–Iiaeeyinueea Aeaaeai?y” “I?iaeaie
ooaa?aeaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iiae a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a,
1998), ia ae?oa?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a
“Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa aoiinioe?aeuei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i? (*a?i?aoe?, 1997),
ia 5-?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ooieoe?iiaeueia e?iaa?noeea: iiaa o
no/aniiio noni?euenoa?” (N?ioa?iiieue – sseoa, 1998), ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, oai?aoe/i?e oa
ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei?” (Iaeana, 1998), ia VII iiaeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei?
“sscue e eoeueoo?a” (Eeaa, 1998), ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey” (Neioa?iiieue, 1999). Ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 noaoae caaaeueiei ianyaii 1.5 ae?oeiaaieo
a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? Anooio, 3-o ?icae?e?a, Aeniiae?a, Nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (247 iiceoe?e), Neiaieea eeth/iaeo ne?a
I.Eioethaeinueeiai. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe – 169 noi?.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. C?iaeaii
iaeyae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ui noinothoueny ieoaiue eeth/iaeo ne?a o
ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy iiae oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai o
a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oa?aei?e e?iaa?noeoe?.

O ?icae?e? ? “Eeth/ia? neiaa a ia?aci?e no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo” aeoeoia/aii oa?i?i “eeth/iaa neiai”, aecia/aii e?eoa???
aeae?eaiiy EN, iieacaii i?noea EN o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?.

Oa?i?i “eeth/ia? neiaa” a iaoeia?e o?eieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??
aeei?enoiaothoue aeaaii. Iae/ano?oa eiai aaeeaathoue aac aecia/aiiy, ye
uinue naii ii nia? c?icoi?ea. Aeey iicia/aiiy oeueiai iiiyooy
aeei?enoothoue oaeiae ?io? iacae: eaeoiioeai? neiaa (A.A.Aaeiii? ?
A.?.N?eueiai, N.A.Ai/a?ia, I.A.Eiaeaaieeiaa), neiaa-ne??ie (I.E.Aae),
neiaa-neiaiee (I.I.A??oiai, Ae.A.Iaeya?i, I.I.Nieiaoa),
eeth/?-eiiaioa??? (E.I.A?iniai), eeth/ia? neiaa (E.A.3oaiaa,
Ae.A.Iaeya?i, ?.I.Aoaeaaia, A.A.Eooa?aiei), iane??cia neiai
(I.A.Eiaeaaieeiaa), eiioeaiooaeuei? neiaa (A.A.Iao?ianueeee), oaiaoe/i?
neiaa (Ae.A.Iaeya?i), iii?i? eeth/ia? iaoaoi?e/i? neiaioi?ie
(O.I.Iaoa??aa). ?iiae? cia/aiiy ia?ae?/aieo oa?i?i?a aeaeaei ia oioiaei?
o ?icoi?ii? oiai /e ?ioiai aaoi?a, aea aiie iiaeooue iaoe ni?euei? ciie.

Iaeaea a on?o iacaaieo aecia/aiiyo EN, ui noinothoueny aiae?co oa
ni?eeiyoy ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, eaeaoueny i?i eiioaenooaeueia i?e?iuaiiy
nieneo, i?i aeieeiaiiy anoaoe/iiai cia/aiiy a EN o ii??aiyii? ?c
cae/aeiei neiaii, i?i noa’?eoeaio iiaeaeuei?noue, i?aee?aneth?oueny
ca’ycie EN ?c niaoeeo?eith ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth ienueiaiieea.

O aecia/aii? iiiyooy “eeth/iaa neiai” a ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno? iai ?iiiio?
aeoiea C.E.Iao?iai?: “Aioo??oiy oi?ia oa?i?io eeth/iaa neiai aeaco? ia
ooieoe?th: eeth/ – oea oa, ui neoaeeoue aeey ?icaaaeee, ?icoi?iiy
/iai-iaaoaeue. Niaoeeo?ea eeth/iaiai neiaa ia aeania a eiai naiaioeoe?,
a a ???a?o?/iiio iieiaeaii? uiaei ?aooe aeaiaio?a nenoaie”. Ioaea, uia
noaoe eeth/iaei, “neiai iiaeiii ia?aaoaaoe ia ia?aoei? nieneiaeo noa?
iniiaieo iane??cieo iioea?a oai?o ? aoiaeeoe a iaeneiaeueio e?euee?noue
ooieoe?iiaeueii-nieneiaeo oa oaiaoe/ieo a?oi ne?a” (N.– Iaoa?ao?a,
1995).

Iaie noi?ioeueiaaii ?iai/a aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “eeth/iaa neiai”:
“Eeth/ia? neiaa – oea ?ic?yae aeniei/anoioii? aaoinaiaioe/ii? eaeneee
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo, yea noaiiaeoue eiai aaoinaiaioe/ia yae?i (ia
eaene/iiio ??ai?) ? aenooia? ye aaeoi? ?ioa?i?aoaoei? ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo”. Ie aecia/eee oaeiae e?eoa??? a?aeai?o eeth/iaeo ne?a o
ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?. Oea – aaaaoicia/i?noue; aeaai?e/i?noue;
neiaie?/i?noue; eiioaenooaeueia iaoiiaeai?noue; ?ioi?iaoeai?noue;
/anoioi?noue.

I?ieiiaioo?ii oe? e?eoa???:

Aaaaoicia/i?noue EN. Eeth/iaei neiai noa? eeoa o oai?/ino? iaaiiai
ienueiaiieea. Aei iaaoooy noaoono eeth/iaiai – oea iaeeieoey neiaieea,
/anoi aaaaoicia/ia. Eiiiiiaioiee aiae?c, yeee ie canoiniao?ii o nai?io
aeine?aeaeaii?, aea? iiaeeea?noue ?c oeeo aeae?eueeio cia/aiue aeae?eeoe
oa, ia iniia? yeiai aeieea? eeth/iaa neiai o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?. Aea
i?e oeueiio e inoaii? cia/aiiy, a oaeiae aaoi?nuee? i?e?iuaiiy
(“iiiaeeii?noue niene?a”) aeeaooue o neia?, ine?eueee a OO neiai ia
ooieoe?iio? ?cieueiaaii, a iicia/aia “a?aena?oaie” ?ioeo eiai
iaeeieoeue.

Aeaai?e/i?noue. Aiia iieyaa? o ae?aaeaii? “ie?aiiai iiiyooy aai ?aea?
/a?ac eiie?aoiee ia?ac”. I?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o aca?iia
ioioiaeiaiiy.

Neiaie?/i?noue. Aeecueea aei aeaai?e/iino? neiaie?/i?noue. Ia aeoieo
a?eueoino? aeine?aeiee?a ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo (?.Aa?o, A.A.Aeiia?aaeia,
I.I.Nieiaoa oa ?i.) neiaie?/i?noth iicia/ai? an? anoaoe/i? cia/aiiy
neiaa, aea a EN neiaie?/i?noue aeyaey?oueny iniaeeai i?ici?i. Ca
I.O.Ein?aei, neiaie – oea ia?ac, acyoee a aniaeo? nai?? ciaeiaino?.
?nioaaiiy ae?oaiai ieaio, yeee aecia/a?oueny c onueiai eiioaenoo, –
iaia’yceiaa oiiaa neiaieo. Neiaie?/ia neiai caaaeaee ia? ae?oaee ieai ?
iaaaioaaeaia aeiaeaoeiaeie, ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeie anioe?aoe?yie
icia/oaaiiai ? icia/ath/iai.

Aeayee aeine?aeieee (C.E.Iao?iaa) ia aaaaeathoue neiaie?/i?noue iciaeith
eeth/iaiai neiaa, ine?eueee neiaie ia iaia’yceiai ia?aaeaa/a?
/anoioi?noue aaeeaaiiy. Ie aeio?eio?iiny aeoiee, ui o ooaeiaeiueiio
oaeno? an? caniae ia?acii? nenoaie iicia/ai? neiaie?/i?noth.

Eiioaenooaeueia iaoiiaeai?noue. Eeth/ia? neiaa ia ieneyoueny iica
eiioaenoii. A?i aea? iiaeeea?noue iiaeeaeoe e ooi/ieoe nieneia?
neooaoe??, ?aeaioeo?eoaaoe aethc??, ui cono??/athoueny a oaeno?,
aecia/eoe iniiai? eaeoiioeae oaenoo, ui a?aeaeaathoue ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?
ni?yioaaiiy aaoi?a. EN aenooiathoue o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno? oeaio?aie
ia?acii? nenoaie, aiie “i?eoyaothoue” aei naaa ?io? neiaa ia?acii?
nenoaie, noai?ththoue eaeneei-naiaioe/i? iiey ? noathoue ?o oeaio?aie.

?ioi?iaoeai?noue. EN – oea aaaiiee iin?e ooaeiaeiuei? ?ioi?iaoe??. EN
eiioeaio?othoue o nia? aaoi?nuee? nienee, anoaoe/i? cia/aiiy. Caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeieea OO – ?iceiaeoaaoe oeth ooaeiaeith ?ioi?iaoe?th, iinoaaeoe
?? o ca’ycie ?c ?aeaeii-ooaeiaei?ie canaaeaie oai?o, iieacaoe
aca?iiae?th caaaeueii-iiaieo oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeo cia/aiue o
EN.

*anoioi?noue. A?eueo?noue aeine?aeiee?a ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo aaaaeathoue
/anoioi?noue iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo e?eoa???a aeae?eaiiy EN. sse oa?aeoa?io
iciaeo eeth/iaiai neiaa /anoioi?noue aeae?eaii, cie?aia, a
“Eeiaaenoe/aneii yioeeeeiiaaee/aneii neiaa?a”, ii?.: EN – “neiaa c
a?aeiinii i?aeaeuaiith /anoioi?noth a iaaiiai aaoi?a”.

A ia?aci?e nenoai? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo EN ooai?ththoue
anioe?aoeaii-nieneia? ?yaeee (“eaeneei-naiaioe/i? iiey”, aai “ia?aci?
ia?aaeeaie”). Iai?eeeaae, EN “caiey – iaai – aiaiiue – aiaea” iiaeooue
aooe i?aaenoaaeai? oaeeie nai???aeieie ia?aaeeaiaie:

aiaea

iio?e ao?/ie

??/ea no?oiie

aeaea?aei ii?a

iaai

iaainoee aaiy

niioea i?nyoeue

ci?? oia?e

oao?i

caiey

iiea eaoi/ea

aei?iaa nioaa

aiaiiue

aaaaooy aea?

aiaiee

Nooo?aith iciaeith EN ? oa, ui a naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? a?eueoino? c ieo
o iaaeao anioe?aoeaii-nieneiaiai iiey /?oei niinoa??aa?oueny iaoa?oaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeiai nieneo ia ia’?eoeaii-iiai?,
eiie?aoii-iiaooia? cia/aiiy. A ?acoeueoao? aiie iaaoaathoue ia’?iiiai
ooaeiaeiuei-ia?aciiai i?aeoaenoiaiai cia/aiiy, noathoue naiaioe/ii
aaaaoii??ieie, cia/iith i??ith neiaie?/ieie. A?eueo?noue c ieo,
oa?aeoa?ecoth/enue nieneiaith ocaaaeueiai?noth, a?aecia/a?oueny
nioe?aeueiith iaiaai?/ai?noth a iaaeao iane??cieo ?aeaeii-oaiaoe/ieo
e?i?e. Aioo??oiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueea oi?ia EN ia??aeei
iaoiiaeth?oueny nenoaiii-ia?acieie a?aeiioaiiyie ia eeoa a
ooaeiaeiuei-nieneia?e no?oeoo?? eiie?aoiiai oai?o, a e a on?e oai?/ino?.
A ?acoeueoao? aiie noathoue nooo?aeie aeaiaioaie oaeno?a
I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

C iaoith i?aee?aneaiiy aaaeeeaino? EN a ia?aci?e nenoai? oai?o, aei
aiae?co i?aeeeth/aii ia?aeeaaee aeayeeo oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai ?ioeie
iiaaie.

Aeey oiai, uia a?aeoai?eoe a ia?aeeaaeao iniaeeai aaaiia, a iiai?e
no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo o?aaa ciaeoe EN, ye? ? ai?oeaio?aie
oai?o. Oea aeiiiiiaea caaaaoeoe ia?aeeaae iniaeeaei ci?noii, nieneiaei ?
aiioe?eiei cia/aiiyi. Ao?aoeoe EN, ia c?icoi?oe aai yeinue ia?a?iaeoe –
cia/eoue caaoaeoe oie nai???aeiee eiei?eo, iiaiee a?iiao ii/a?eo
iaeno?a.

Aaaiiei ia?aeeaaeii ? ia?aeeaae iia?no? “O?i? caaooeo i?aaee?a”. O
iia?no? ao?eaii cia/io e?euee?noue EN (eice, o?i?, o?aia?oa, noi,
nia?aee, oia?e, aeooa oa ?i.). Oea ia?ace-eiioeaioe. Iaie ii??aiyii
i?ea?iae iia?no? c ia?aeeaaeii I.Ooaeiaa ?in?enueeith iiaith oa c
ia?aeeaaeii N.A.Eocueieii? e I.I.Eocueieia i?iaoeueeith iiaith c
iiaeyaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a. Iaeaeaa ia?aeeaaee c?iaeaii
aaeaeaaoii oaenoo i?ea?iaeo (aeae? – OI). A iaio ia?aeeaaeao caa?aaeaii
naiaioeeo OI, anioe?aoeaii-nieneia? ca’ycee e a?aeo?iee EN, ye?
aeae?eai? aaoi?ii OI, ia?aeeaaea/? i?eae?eeee aaaaoi oaaae
iaoe?iiaeuei?e niaoeeo?oe? oaenoo ia?aeeaaeo (aeae? – OI). EN
a?ae?a?athoue o iia?no? cia/io ?ieue e i?noyoue o nia? aaeeea
ooaeiaeiuei-nieneiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ia?aeeaae I.Ooaeiaa aaeaeee. Oea
aea? ciiao ?in?enueeei /eoa/ai iiciaeiieoeny c ia?eeiith oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e. Ia?aeeaae N.A.Eocueieii? oa I.I.Eocueieia
oaeiae caa??aa? anth ia?acioai?/o iae?o?o aeneiaethaaiiy, ia?aeeaaea/?
iiai?noth aeiiiaeeny caa?aaeaiiy anioe?aoeaii-nieneiaeo ca’yce?a,
?iaeiiiaiino?, aaaaoicia/iino?, eiioaenooaeueii? iaoiiaeaiino? oa
eiiioaoeaiino?. Oea aea? iiaeeea?noue aiai?eoe i?i oa, ui ia?aeeaaea/?
ciaeoee ? caa?aaee cai?ia?aiiaai? aaoi?ii EN.

?icae?e ?? “Iaoiaeeea aiae?co eeth/iaeo ne?a o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno?”

Aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui aein? ?niothoue cia/i?
o?oaeiiu? uiaei aecia/aiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a ye iniiaii? no?oeoo?ii?
iaeeieoe? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo. Aei oeueiai /ano i? o a?o/eciyi?e, i? o
ca?oa?aei?e iaooe? ia ?nio? caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? aai aeinoaoiuei oe?iei
ai?iaiaaii? iaoiaeeee aiae?co EN o OO ye c naiaioe/iiai e
no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/iiai, oae ? c ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iiaeyaeo. Oey
iaoiaeeea ?aae?co?oueny o canoinoaaii? iaaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
uiaei eiie?aoieo EN.

Iaoiae eiioaenooaeueiiai aiae?co aeicaieea aeyaeoe ci?noia? e anoaoe/i?
ooieoe?? eeth/iaeo ne?a o ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno? ? nai???aei?noue
iiaeaiiy I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

E?euee?niee (aai noaoenoe/iee) iaoiae aeicaieea aeyaeoe ?icoiaeaeaiiy
i?ae /anoioi?noth oa ???a?o?/iith cia/ei?noth EN a?ae iaeiiai oaenoo aei
?ioiai, a?ae iaei??? /anoeie ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo aei ?ioi?.
Iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a aeeeeeaia iio?aaith
ioe?ieoe oi/i?noue iaea?aeaieo e?iaa?noe/ieo aeniiae?a.

Aeey aecia/aiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai
aoei canoiniaaii oaeiae eiiiiiaioiee aiae?c. Oea aeicaiey?, ii-ia?oa,
anoaiiaeoe naiaioe/iee iioaioe?ae ne?a o iaaiee ia??iae ?oiueiai
?icaeoeo; ii-ae?oaa, aeyaeoe no?ee? oa iaaeinoaoiuei no?ee? nieneia?
aeaiaioe o cia/aiiyo. Oea aea? oaeiae iiaeeea?noue aeinoaoiuei /?oei
anoaiiaeoe naiaioe/i? ia?aae? ne?a ia oiio /e ?ioiio aoai? ?o nieneiaiai
?icaeoeo e aeyaeoe iaai? oaiaeaioe?? o ?icaeoeo ?oi?o eaene/ieo
cia/aiue. Ii-o?ao?, iaea?eueo oi/ii icia/eoe naiaioe/iee ?iaa??aio –
caaaeueio iciaeo, yea aeanoeaa nieneia?e no?oeoo?? ne?a, a oaeiae
aeae?eeoe o? cia/aiiy a on?e nieneia?e no?oeoo??, ye? iineoaeeee
iniiaith anoaoe/ieo cia/aiue EN.

Iaoiaeo eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co o eaeneoe? i?enay/aii aaaaoi ?ia?o, ye o
iao?e e?iaa?noeoe?, oae ? a ca?oa?aei?e (I.I.Nae?aa?noiaa,
A.I.Eociaoeia, E.I.Niie?ia, I.A.Aeiea?o, TH.Ae.Ai?anyi, I.TH.Oaaaeiaa,
AE.I.Nieieianueea, TH.I.Ea?aoeia, A.A.Oo?ioeaaa, Ae.I.Oiaeueia,
I.I.?oaeyeia oa ?i.). ?nio? aeae?eueea iaoiae?a aeae?eaiiy naiaioe/ieo
eiiiiiaio?a o eaene/iiio cia/aii? oa ?o ia?aa??ee. Naiaioe/i? eiiiiiaioe
neiaa aeyaeythoueny: 1) ca iaoiaeii aenia?eiaioo; 2) ca iaoiaeii
eiiiiiaioiiai aiae?co; 3) ca aeiiiiiaith neiaieeiaeo aeao?i?oe?e; 4) ca
iaoiaeii aeeno?eaooeaiiai aiae?co. Aoaeoeai?noue oiai /e ?ioiai iaoiaeo
ioe?ith?oueny ii-??ciiio. Ia iao iiaeyae, iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo cania?a ?
aeyaeaiiy naiaioe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a o neiaieeiaiio cia/aii?.

Aiae?c iiaiiai iaoa??aeo aeicaieea aeae?eeoe eeth/ia? neiaa anueiai
naiaioe/iiai eiioeiooio oai??a ienueiaiieea. O ?acoeueoao? nooe?eueii?
aea??ee iaie aoei a?ae?a?aii ia iiia?aaeiueiio aoai? 96 eaene/ieo
iaeeieoeue, c yeeo ie aeeth/eee aei aiae?co 43. ?o aoei eaae?o?eiaaii o
a?oie EN ?c cacia/aiiyie “eini?/i? o?ea”, “iai?aai?/ia i?e?iaea”,
“?ineeiiee oa oaa?eiiee na?o”, “noeo??”, “ethaeeia ye a?ieia?/ia
?noioa”, “ii/oooy oa aiioe??”, “i?ino??”, “ye?ni? oaeoi?e” oiui.

Iieaaeaii oea ia eiie?aoieo i?eeeaaeao.

O iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo Ieoaeea Eioethaeinueeiai EN “iaai” i?iyaey?oueny
o ?aeiino? ciaeiaino? oa ia?aciino?, eiioaenooaeuei?e iaoiiaeaiino? oa
iie?naiaoe/iino?. O caeaaeiino? a?ae eaene/iiai ioi/aiiy (eiioaenoo,
neooaoe??) EN “iaai” i?ae iiaa?oa?oueny ??cieie a?aiyie aeanoeai? eiio
naiaioeee.

EN “iaai” “i?eoyaei” aei naaa ?io? “iaaani?” neiaa, noai?eei
eaeneei-naiaioe/ia iiea, ii?.: i?nyoeue, niioea, ci?y, oia?e, a??i,
aeeneaaea, ?aeaeoaa oa ?i. Aeyaeoe eaeneei-naiaioe/ia iiea “iaai” (ye ?
?io? iiey) iai aeiiiiiaee iacaai? aeua iaoiaee.

Eaeneei-naiaioe/ia iiea EN “iaai” aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie ia?ac?a c
?ice?eoyi ?o aioo??oiueiai na?oo, ineoieia??. EN “iaai” ca
eeaneo?eaoe??th iiiyoue iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai
aoiaeeoue aei iiiyo?eii? a?oie “Anana?o” oa ?? i?ae?icae?eo “Eini?/i?
o?ea”. Oae? eaene/i? iaeeieoe? neeaeeny ua ca /an?a aeio?enoeyinueeeo
a??oaaiue oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ? ? ao?eaiiyi iaeaeaai?oeo ciaiue
ethaeeie i?i iaaeieeoi?e na?o.

Aiae?c iiaiiai iaoa??aeo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo
I.Eioethaeinueeiai EN “iaai” – ineoieia?ciaaiee ia?ac, ui aieeaa? ia
?icaeoie iiae?e oai?o, iano?i?a aa?i?a ? a ii??aiyii? ?c
caaaeueiiiiaieie cia/aiiyie iaaoaa? o ooaeiaeiueiio oai??
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueeeo i?e?iuaiue. “Iaai” ii??aith?oueny c oao?ii,
iaiaoii, aeaeeoiith aaiath. Aiii ni?eeia?oueny ye ?noioa (“iaai
ia?aii?aoaaeinue”, “iaai ani?oa?oueny”, “a iaa? ni?aathoue oi?e,
a?athoue oe?e? i?eano?e”, “iaai i?ieiyeinue aiaiai, ?iceieieinue
iina?aaeei? ? c no?aoiei o??neii caaaeeeinue ia caieth”, “iaai
aacia?anoaieo n?? ?ino”, “iaai oe?aeeoue ae?aea na?oei”, aiii “ianoeoue,
ia?eia?”, “i?ieoueny, a?a? anyeeie aa?aaie”).

Aiioe?eii iane/aieie ? ai?oaoe aei EN “iaai”: “aoiieaia aeiai iaai”,
aiii oi “aacoia?ia”, “ci?yia”, oi “iooia”, oi “/i?ia”, oi “n??a oa
iaaaaei?ea”, oi “caeo?aia”, oi “oieiaeia ? oaiia”, “iai?ea?oia”, oi
“a?/ii niie?eia”, oi “caiaoia, iia c o?aeie”, “nei?, aeeaiea ? oae
uaae?i nieeaa? aiec”, oi “caeaia”, oi “ae?aea”, oi “nei?”, oi
“aeaeeoia”, oi “?iaeaaa” ? o.ae.

O aa?aao “iaaa” (ye ?ioeo EN) a?ae/oaa?ii aieea ?ii?an?ii?cio ia
ooaeiaeith iae?o?o I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae i?e?iaeith niiaiai? ienoaoeueei? aeooeaiino?,
ni?aaaei?o a?aee?eoo?a, ui iiaeooue ni?eeiaoeny ye ie?ai? i?i?aoth?e.
Aiie aeiiiiaaathoue e?aua c?icoi?oe aeeaiea ?ioo?oeaia i?iieeiaiiy
ienueiaiieea a oa?io aeeaiai ? i?ae?aniiai. A iienao i?e?iaee
I.Eioethaeinueeee iae/ano?oa aeei?enoiaoaaa i?eeii eiio?anoo (ii?y ?
iaaa, iaaeeaiai e aeeaiai, niioey e oai?yae ? o.ae.), ia?nii?o?eaoe?th,
iaoaoi?o oa ?i. Ianiiae?aai? o?iie, ?aeo?ne noai?ththoue yne?aa? ia?ace,
ui caiaiyoiaothoueny.

EN “iaai” iaaoaa? o oaeno? ia?aciino?, noa? ai?oeaio?ii o ?icaeoeo
iiae?e, ea?oei i?e?iaee, iiaooo, ia?ac?a aa?i?a. I?aea?oioyi noai?aiiy
i?ea?iaeueieo neiaanieo ia?ac?a noaea iaoaoi?a. “Iaai” noai?th?
nai???aeiee oii i?inoi?o, /ano. O ii??aiyii? c aeaieie neiaiee?a (Iaai
1.Aeaeeiee iaae iiaa?oiath caie? iia?o?yiee i?ino?? o oi?i? eoiiea. 2.Ca
?ae?a?eieie oyaeaiiyie – i?noea ia?aaoaaiiy aia?a, aiaae?a, nayoeo;
iioiea?/iee na?o, ?ae (NOI, 5, 340)), EN “iaai” ?icaeioei
eiioaenooaeuei? cia/aiiy, ye? ?icoe?eee caaaeueiiiiaio naiaioeeo.

Iaaani? na?oeea oa yaeua ia noaoe/i? o oaeno?, aiie ia ooai?ththoue
neooaoeaiiai oiio, a aenooiathoue aeoeaiith ae?th/ith neeith, caeaoiith
aieeaaoe ia ii/oooy, neiaie?coaaoe nioe?aeuei? i?ioeane.

Eeth/iaa neiai “niioea” – iaei?noe?oee ia?ac a onueiio
?aeaeii-ooaeiaeiueiio eiioaeno? I.Eioethaeinueeiai. Ia?ac niioey
iaeaaeeoue aei eiinoaio eoeueoo?e. Ei?ai? eiai iioiaeyoue c i?oieia??, c
iaeaeaai?oeo oyaeaiue na?aeiiino? ethaeeie. Niioea aicaaee/oaaeinue iaae
on?ia o?eaie: iaaii, i?nyoeai, ci?yie oa ?i. I?aaeee eiai aaaaeaee
nayoei ? i?aaaaeiei Aiaii. Niioeai eeyeeny, niioeai i?enyaaeeny. A
aeaaieio neia’yie eiai iaceaaee “Aeaaeaia, Aeaaeaeueaia”. Iiaa oai??a
I.Eioethaeinueeiai aa?a?aea oe? aeaai? iacae niioey (ii?. “aia-niioea”,
“i?aaa aiaea eeoea”). Iaaea?ia I.Eioethaeinueeiai aeine?aeieee eiai
oai??a iaceaathoue Niioeaiieeiiieeii.

EN “niioea” o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo ienueiaiieea caeia? iniaeeaa i?noea
ye ca /anoioi?noth aeei?enoaiiy, oae ? ca naiaioe/iei ianyaii oa
cia/ei?noth. Iaie cana?ae/aii 198 aaeeaaiue neiaa “niioea” o?eueee o 11
oai?ao I.Eioethaeinueeiai. A o an?e oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea ?o cia/ii
a?eueoa. Ia?aaaaeii eeth/iaa neiai “niioea” a oai?ao I.Eioethaeinueeiai
– oea i?e?iaeia ?aae?y, yeo a?i aeoaea ethaeoue iienoaaoe, ciaeueiaoth/e
ea?oeie i?e?iaee. Aaeaea aeey naiiai ienueiaiieea “niioea” – oea ?aae?y
yea na?oeoue eiio. Niioea – oea ia o?eueee neiaie eiai oai?/ino?, oea –
neiaie eiai aeeooy. Caa?oath/enue aei oeueiai ia?aco, ienueiaiiee /anoi,
iniaeeai a ?aii?o oai?ao, ia?aie?oa? eiai c oniith ia?iaeiith
oai?/?noth. O oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea “niioea” a?ae?a?a? ?ieue ia eeoa
niiy/iiai na?oea. Oea – aeaea?aei, yea iaiiaith? na?oeii, ?aae?noth,
iaae??th ethaenueeo aeooo e aeeooy ia?iaeo. Oea iniiaa anueiai, ui
ae??oueny ia caii?e eoe?, oea aeeooy, yea ?nio? o?eueee caaaeyee eiai
aia?a??. O oai?ao I.Eioethaeinueeiai EN “niioea” iaaoaa? eiiiiceoe?eii?
ooieoe??, nieneiaiai e aiioe?iiaeueiiai cia/aiiy. Oea iaeaaaii?oa EN
I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Eeth/iaa neiai “aiaiiue” – oaae aaaiia o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo oa
ia?aci?e nenoai? oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai. Ine?eueee “niioea” – oea
iaaaniee aiaiiue, aaaaooy – caiiee i?iia?ac niioey. Aiaiiue iineaii
ethaeyi ?c iaaa (aeeneaaea), a?i nayuaiiee. Oiae eiai, ye ? niioea,
iio??aii iniaeeai oaioaaoe. ? ia aeae Aiaea ?icai?aaoe – oiae? a?i iiaea
aei?noiei iiea?aoe.

Oaiiaa aooeoe?a aei aiaith a?aeaeoa o iia?no? “O?i? caaooeo i?aaee?a”.
Ooo eiai aeaeiaoaathoue a?o/io, noa?iaeiiei niiniaii – oa?oyi iaei???
iaee/ee ia ae?oao. Iio?i oaeee aiaiiue caa??aathoue i?ioyaii onueai
a?a/a?nueeiai naciio. Iaceaathoue eiai “aeeaei aiaiai”. O?i? caaooeo
i?aaee?a (oiaoi niaaeeia?noue iieie?iue) iinoathoue ooo /a?ac ia?ac
aeeaiai aiaith, yeee ca’yco? iieie?iiy o /an?. “Aiaiiue” o iiai?e
ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai aenooia? ye nooi?noue na?oo, ye
aeii?iaioa ooaeiaeiueiai eiioeaioo aaoi?a. A?i ? “nayoee”, ?
“iaaeia?ee”, ? “iiaooi?e”, ? “na?aeeoee”, ? “inoeaee”, ? “a’thieee”.
Iiae?aii aei ethaeeie, a?i “naa?eoueny”, aea a?i aiaeo?, e?eo?,
na?oeoue, a???. A?i ? iaoa??aeueia i?e/eia, ? aeooiaia ia/aei. A?i
“ii?iaeaeo? oai?/o na?aeii?noue ye neioac iaoa??? ? aeooo”
(O.N.Iaeca?nueea, 1997).

O iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai “aiaea” cia?aaea?oueny ye
aeeaa iaeooioai?aiia noeo?y na?oiaoaeiae. Aiia ? aeii?ioth/ei eiioeaioii
o oai?ao ienueiaiieea. Neiai aiaea o iiai?? ea?oei? na?oo
I.Eioethaeinueeiai noa? eeth/iaei, aiii ocaaaeueith? an? ia?aci? caniae
oeueiai eaeneei-naiaioe/iiai iiey, “ia?inoa?” ??cieie naiaioe/ieie
iaoa?oaaiiyie ? noa? caniaii oi?ioaaiiy anoaoe/ieo cia/aiue.

?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nueea iiaia ea?oeia na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai ia
ieneeoueny aac eeth/iaiai neiaa “caiey”. “Caiey” o I.Eioethaeinueeiai –
oea aeeooy, oe?a, niie?e, aeiey. Oea uinue aeeaa, aeeoo?aeaeia, aac /iai
ia iiaeia oyaeoe aeieth naeyieia-oe?ai?iaa. Eeth/iaa neiai “caiey”
iaei?noe?oa aenooia? o iia?no? “Oaoa ii?aaia”. Ii?.: “Oea ia oie n??ee,
aei?noieee eeaiioue, ui ye i’yaea oyaia c ethaeeie neee, a nai ?iaeeoue
aoaeye, oea uinue /a??aia, i?eiaaeia, ui iaea?eo iaieoue aoiieaio aeooo,
ia?aeeaa?oueny, a?a ia niioe?, ye i??y , ye uinue iaaeiiaia, iae /iai
ci?ieeanue ae aeiey ? aeua i?aeiyeenue ae aiaee aeeooy iiiaae aa?aaaie”.
Aea, ia aeaeue, aeey aa?i?a oai?o aiia caeeoeeanue ia?aaii (“ye ia?aai,
iiiaieea ?, ye ia?aai, uacea”). Aaaaoii??i?noue ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia cia/ei?noue EN “caiey” i?aeneeth?oueny oei,
ui a oai?/ino? ? I.Eioethaeinueeiai oea naia oie ia?ac, caaaeyee yeiio
ienueiaiiee ia eeoa a?aeoai?thaaa, aea e ni?yioaaa nioe?aeuei?
n?euenuee? iano?i?.

Oa?aeoa?ii, ui eeth/ia? neiaa iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai
a?aeaeaathoue aeeooy oe?a?ioe?a ??cieo i?noeaainoae (ii?. eeth/ia? neiaa
o?aia?oa, oeiy?a, nia?aea ? o.ae., oa?aeoa?i? aeey aooeoe?a).

*a?ac eeth/ia? neiaa aeiia?aae, oa?aaeaea, i?ia?ao, aaaaa oa ?i.
iieacaii aeeooy ?ioeo ia?iae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai, c iaeiiai
aieo, aenooiathoue ?aeaioeo?eaoi?aie caaaeueiiiiaieo cia/aiue, a c
ae?oaiai, – aeaea?aeii i?e?iuaiiy niene?a.

?icae?e III ia? iacao “Eeth/ia? neiaa iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo
I.Eioethaeinueeiai ia oii? eaeneei-naiaioe/ii? nenoaie no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae”

Iiai?noth aeine?aeeoe iiao ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o iiaeia eeoa c o?aooaaiiyi
iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo ienueiaiieea. Aiia ?ice?eaa? oaenoiao iiaeaeue, ui
?ai?acaioo? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ia?ac na?oo aaoi?a. Ooaeiaei?e oaeno
a?aeia?aaea? eiinoaioe na?oiaa/aiiy ienueiaiieea, eiai oe?ii?ni?
i???ioaoe??. ?ae?iiiaeae?, noai?ai? ienueiaieeii, aaeaeaaoi? eiai
aioo??oiueiio na?oia?. *eoa/ ianaiia?aae caa?oa? oaaao ia oa, yea
eaeneea aaeeoa aaoi?ii, ? iae?aco aeae?ey? eaeneeo, iacae/io aeey
ni?eeiaiiy.

I?iaiae?coaaaoe ?nioth/? noaie eean?o?eaoe?e iiiyoue (?.Oaee?a oa A.oii
Aa?oao?a, O Eana?an, I.I.?iaea, A.I.Iaoa?, AE.I.Nieieianueea),
a?aoiaoth/e eia?eo ?oiuei? ???a?o??, iaie aoei noai?aii oaeo
eeaneo?eaoe?th iiiyoue, yea iaeiiai?oa ?ice?eaa? iiaio ea?oeio na?oo
ienueiaiieea. C on?o eaoaai??e a?ae?a?aii o?e, ye? ia’?aeiothoue ana oa,
ui yaey? “i?e?iaeia ea?oeia na?oo”: “Anana?o”, “Ethaeeia”, “Aano?aeoi?
iiiyooy”.

Ie a?aecia/a?ii ???a?o?/i?noue iiiyoue “ea?oeia na?oo”, “iiaia ea?oeia
na?oo”, “oi?aa?naeueia ea?oeia na?oo” (A.I.Oaa/oe), “iiaia iiaeaeue
na?oo”(AE.I.Nieieianueea), “iiaoe/ia iiaeaeue na?oo” (TH.N.Eacaaiee) oa
“ea?oeia na?oo ienueiaiieea”. An? oe? “ea?oeie na?oo” ? ?ai?acaioaoe??th
ae?eniino?, nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?iei aeina?aeii ethaeeie, na?oiaeyaeieie
eiinoaioaie o aia?oeaioe?ei?e nenoai? iiae. Oe?e?niei ia?acii o iiai?e
ea?oei? na?oo noa? neiai ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?ieo
oe?iiinoae, ona?aeiieaiiy ia?iaeieo o?aaeeoe?e oa aeaniiai aeina?aeo
ienueiaiieea.

Aiae?c iiaiiai iaoa??aeo iieacaa, ui ia?o ca ana eeth/iaeie neiaaie
noathoue caaieiaee. Caaieiaie – oea eeth/iaa neiai, yea aeeiio? ci?noiao
ooieoe?th oai?o. O iueiio i?noeoueny iiooeiaee ia?ac iaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
caaieiaie aeaco? ia ?ioi?iaoe?eiee ci?no oaenoo, a?i a?ae?a?a?
neaiaeueio ?ieue. Oea ia?oee ciae ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o. Caaieiaie
ia?aaea? a eiioeaio?iaai?e oi?i? oaio /e ?aeath oai?o. Oey ooieoe?y
caaieiaea coiiaeth? eiai ca’ycie c on?i oaenoii. Aei oeueiai ne?ae
aeiaeaoe, ui caaieiaie iaeaea neiaie?co? aanue oa??, oiio o iiai?e
ea?oei? na?oo ienueiaiieea a?i noa? eeth/iaei, aeooae?co? i?aeoe/ii an?
oaenoia? eaoaai???.

Aiaeii/an caaieiaie – oea eeoa iaoye. A?i ia ieneeoueny iica eiioaenoii.
Iai?eeeaae, caaieiaie aothaeo “Eyea/ea” iano?ith? nii/aoeo ia oae?
cia/aiiy oeueiai neiaa: “eyeueea”; “iaeaiueea ae?a/eiea”; “aa?ia, ye
eyeueea”. Aea aaoi? aeoeaioo? oaaao ia ?ioiio cia/aii? oeueiai neiaa:
“iaeia ?c noaae?e ?icaeoeo eiiaoe”; “ee/eiea a eieii?”. Naia /a?ac oea
cia/aiiy aaoi? ?ice?eaa? aeaa?aaeaoe?th oa ?aeaeiee e?ao
e?aa?aeueii-ia?iaeieoeueei? ?ioae?aaioe?? a ia?ac? cainueei? a/eoaeueee
?a?ne Eaaeoeueei?.

?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nuee? anioe?aoe?? o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo
ienueiaiieea iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe /a?ac aiae?c ye ie?aieo oai??a, oae ?
an??? oai?/ino?. Ie ?icaeyioee ooieoe?iioaaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a ye
iane??cieo eiiiiiaio?a oai?/ino? I.Eioethaeinueeiai ? ye iii?iiai
aeaiaioa ie?aiiai oai?o ienueiaiieea. Iane??cieie eiiiiiaioaie an???
oai?/ino? I.Eioethaeinueeiai ? eeth/ia? neiaa: aiaiiue (iaiiue), ai?a,
aeia?i (aeia?ioa), iaia’ycie (aeiaa), aei?iaa, aeoia (aeoiea), aeooa,
aeaeue (aeo?aa), caiey, eica, e?eaaea, ii?a, iaai, iei (i/?), i?aaaea,
?iaioa (i?aoey), ?oee, na?o (na?oei), na?oea, neiai, niioea, noi, oaoa,
oia?a, oaeey oa ?i.

Ioaea, nooo?aith iciaeith EN ye iane??cieo eiiiiiaio?a oai?/ino?
I.Eioethaeinueeiai ? oa, ui a naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? a?eueoino? c ieo o
iaaeao anioe?aoeaii-nieneiaiai iiey /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny ia’?iia
ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acia i?aeoaenoiaa cia/aiiy. EN noathoue naiaioe/ii
aaaaoii??ieie, ia?aaaaeii neiaie?/ieie. Aaeeaath/enue o ??cieo
ooaeiaeiuei-ia?acieo eiioaenoao, eeth/ia? neiaa iane??ciiai oa?aeoa?o
a?ae?a?athoue aecia/aeueio ?ieue a i?aai?caoe?? no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii?
?aeiino? oai??a ienueiaiieea, noai?ththoue a ii?aeiaii? c ?ioeie
ia?acioai?/eie aeaiaioaie aeeaeiiee i?aeoaeno.

Eeth/iaeie neiaaie ye iii?ieie aeaiaioaie ie?aiiai oai?o o
I.Eioethaeinueeiai aenooiathoue: nii, ooiia, aaaaa, o?aia?oa, nia?aee,
o?i?, aa?ean, oa?aaeaea, o?eiena?a, ia?aai, iieiei, ayo?e, niooa,
i?aaia??i? (o I.Eioethaeinueeiai – oea ionoeueiaie). O eiiiiceoe?eiiio
?icai?oaii? iiia?ae? oe? EN neoaeaoue iniiaith aeey aaaaoianiaeoii?
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ia?ac?a.

O ooaeiaeiueiio oai?? ienueiaiiee, inaithth/e caaaeueiiiiai? ?ano?ne,
anoaiiaeth? iia? ???a?o?/i? anioe?aoeaii-nieneia? ca’ycee a?aeiia?aeii
aei caaeoio, anoaoe/iiai ?aeaaeo ? ooaeiaei?o caeiiii??iinoae. A
?acoeueoao? cae/ia naiaioeea neiaa caaaa/o?oueny iiaeie
eiioaenooaeueieie a?aeo?ieaie. Naiaioe/i? iaae? neiaa i?ae
?icnoaathoueny, aeyaeythoueny i?eoiaai? iiaeeeaino? neiaa. Aaaiio ?ieue
o oeeo i?ioeanao a?ae?a?athoue eeth/ia? neiaa.

O aeniiaeao nenoaiaoeciaaii iniiai? oai?aoe/i? e i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noi?ioeueiaaia iaie ia iniia? aea/aiiy iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e oa aeanieo
niinoa?aaeaiue aecia/aiiy EN ye aeniei/anoioii? aaoinaiaioe/ii? eaeneee
OO, eiai eiioeaiooaeueiiai yae?a, aaeoi?a ?ioa?i?aoaoe??, a oaeiae
cai?iiiiiaai? e?eoa??? aeae?eaiiy EN o OO, iaoiaee ?o aiae?co oa
eeaneo?eaoe?? iieacaee, ui eeth/iaa neiai – aaaeeeaee aeaiaio,
aeii?iaioa ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Aiae?c aeyaea, ui EN aeanoea? eiioeaiooaeuei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii-aaoi?nuee? i?e?iuaiiy nieneo, ye? iathoue iane??ciee
aai eieae?ciaaiee oa?aeoa?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiae oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai i?ae eooii EN ae?aci?oa
cana?ae/eei oa?aeoa?i? ?ene eiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth: aeeaieee
ineoieia?ci, yne?aao o?iia?noeeo, ooaeiaeith aeaoaeue, nai???aeio
neioaene/io i?aai?caoe?th, oiiea ieaoeai ethaenueeeo iano?i?a oa ia?ac?a
i?e?iaee, nioe?aeueio cia/ei?noue eiai oai??a. Aeyaeaiiy na?oiaeyaeieo
iiceoe?e, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth ienueiaiieea /a?ac iiao eiai oai??a
? aeooaeueiei o no/ani?e e?iaa?noeoe?.

Eaene/iee neeaae a?oie EN o oai?ao I.Eioethaeinueeiai, ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ai?acaioothoue ia eeoa i???ioaoe?th ienueiaiieea ia
ia?iaeii-?iciiaio eaeneeo, a e ?ioaeaeooaeueiee aeya oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae eiai /ano.

Eeth/ia? neiaa iiaii? ea?oeie na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai oa ooai?ai? ieie
eaeneei-naiaioe/i? iiey ni?aa?aeiini? c eiioeaiooaeueieie neiaaie iiaii?
ea?oeie na?oo oe?a?ioe?a (“caiey”, “ieaa”, “niioea”, “iaai”,
“oe?iia’yc”, “nia?aea”, “eice”, “iieiei”, “o?aia?oa”, oa ?i.).

Iiaia ea?oeia na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai ?ice?eaa? oaenoiao iiaeaeue, yea
?ai?acaioo? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ia?ac na?oo aaoi?a. Aaaeeeaa ?ieue o
oeueiio eeth/iaeo ne?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Ooieoe?iiaeueia aaaaoicia/i?noue eeth/iaeo ne?a a
ia?aci?e no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo.– Iaoeiaee aeo?iae “Eoeueoo?a
ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey”.– ?5.– 1999.– N.309-313.

2. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Eeth/ia? neiaa ye aaeoi? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo.– Iaoeiaee aeo?iae “Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia I?e/a?iiii?uey”.– ?6.–
1999.– N.234-239.

3. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. I?iaeaie ia?aeeaaeo eeth/iaeo ne?a o iia?no? Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai “O?i? caaooeo i?aaee?a” // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
“Iiaa ? eoeueoo?a” Oiiaeo aoiai?oa?iiai ?icaeoeo “Collegium” // Iiaa ?
ooaeiaeiy oai?/?noue.– ?7.– o.4..– 1999.– N.300-302.

4. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Caaieiaee ye eeth/ia? iii?i? neiaa (ia iaoa??ae?
oai?/ino? I.I.Eioethaeinueeiai). –O ca.: Iia? oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?, oai?aoe/i?e oa ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei? (Aeiaeaoie aei
“Iaeanueeiai iaaee/iiai aeo?iaeo”. -?5 (49). 1998). –Iaeana: *i?iiii?’y,
1999. –N.374-377.

5. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Eeth/ia? neiaa a ia?aci?e no?oeoo?? ooaeiaeiueiai
oaenoo i?e iaieiae?ii? ??aeiith iiaith o iaaee/iiio aoc?. –O ca.: Iia?
oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, oai?aoe/i?e oa ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei?
(Aeiaeaoie aei “Iaeanueeiai iaaee/iiai aeo?iaeo”. -?5 (49). 1998).
–Iaeana: *i?iiii?’y, 1999. –N.377-380.

6. Oi?iaiiaa N. A. Eeth/ia? neiaa a ooaeiaei?e iia? I.Eioethaeinueeiai
ye aeaiaioe ia?iaeii? oai?/ino?. – Iaoa??aee Ae?oai? anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a “Iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
aoiinioe?aeuei? i?ioeane a Oe?a?i?”. – *a?i?aoe?, 1997. – N. 191-193.

7. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Naiaioeea eeth/iaeo ne?a o oai?/ino?
I.Eioethaeinueeiai. //Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
28-29 eenoiiaaea 1996?. “I?iaeaie ooaa?aeaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aea?aeaaii? iiae a Oe?a?i?”.– E.: EI Academia, 1998. –N.61-62.

8. Oi?iaiiaa N.A. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a o no?oeoo??
ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo (ia iaoa??ae? oai?/ino? I.Eioethaeinueeiai). –
Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee 5-9 ieoya?y 1998 a.
“Ooieoeeiiaeueiay eeiaaenoeea: ycue a nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa”. – sseoa –
Neioa?iiieue:CLC, 1998. — C. 163-164.

AIIOAOeIss

Oi?iaiiaa N. A. Eeth/ia? neiaa o iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo Ieoaeea
Eioethaeinueeiai. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – ?inoeooo
iiaiciaanoaa ?i. I.I. Iioaai? IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ooieoe?iioaaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a o
iiai?e ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii
iiaee iai?yiie o aiae?c? eeth/iaeo ne?a oa ?o eeaneo?eaoe??.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny iiiyooy “ea?oeie na?oo” oa “iiaii?
ea?oeie na?oo ienueiaiieea”.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue aeine?aeaeaiiy naiaioeee eeth/iaeo ne?a o iiai?e
ea?oei? na?oo I.Eioethaeinueeiai, ii??aiyiiy ia?aeeaae?a ooaeiaei?o
oaeno?a ienueiaiieea oe?a?inueeith, ?in?enueeith oa i?iaoeueeith iiaaie.

Cae?eniaii eiioaenooaeueiee aiae?c, aeaiaioe eiiiiiaioiiai oa
noaoenoe/iiai iaoiaeo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
o/aiaee i?ioean i?e aea/aii? oai??a I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eeth/ia? neiaa, noaoenoe/iee iaoiae, eiiiiiaioiee
iaoiae, caaieiaee ye eeth/ia? neiaa , eeth/ia? neiaa ye iane??ci?
eiiiiiaioe, eeth/ia? neiaa ye iii?i? eaenaie, iiaia ea?oeia na?oo
ienueiaiieea, eiioaenooaeueiee aiae?c.

ANNOTATION

Phormanova S.V. The key-words in the world language’s system in the
texts of Mikhailo Kotsubinsky. –Manuscript.

The thesis is for a candidate degree in philology by speciality 10.02.01
– the Ukrainian language. Institute of Language by O.O. Potebnja
National Academy of science of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis is dedicated to functioning of key-words in the world
language system in the text of M.Kotsubinsky. There is the new direction
in the thesis. New research of the key — words and their classification,
investigation has been made.

The notions the world language system and the author’s language system
have been analyzed in the in the thesis.

The thesis contains research of the semantics of the key – words in the
world language system in the texts of M. Kotsubinsky and the comparison
of the translation of the texts of the author in Ukrainian – Russian
and Germain languages.

Contextual analysis, component and distributive methods of the key –
words have been made.

The results of the work have been used in the educational process when
studying the texts of M.Kotsubinsky.

Key – words: key – words, distributive method, component method, titles
as the key – words, the key – words as the base components, the key –
words as the base lexical words, the world language system, contextual
analysis.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oi?iaiiaa N. A. Eeth/aaua neiaa a ycueiaie ea?oeia ie?a Ieoaeea
Eioethaeineiai. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01. – oe?aeineee ycue. – Einoeooo
ycueiciaiey ei. I.I.Iioaaie Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee Iaoe Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?iee eeth/aauo neia a ycueiaie ea?oeia ie?a
I.Eioethaeineiai, eioi?ua a ooaeiaeanoaaiiii oaenoa aunooiatho
eiioeaioaie ie?iaicc?aiey ienaoaey. Iaoiaeii eiioaenooaeueiiai,
eiiiiiaioiiai e aeeno?eaooeaiiai aiaeeca iieacaiu ea?a?oe/aneea e
annioeeaoeaii-niuneiaua nayce iaaeaeo eaenaiaie a no?oeoo?a aaeeiiai
oeaeiai. Aiaeec EN iicaieyao ?anniio?aoue “niuneiaie ea?ean”
naiaioe/aneie no?oeoo?u ycueiaie ea?oeiu ie?a ienaoaey (enneaaeiaaii 43
i?iecaaaeaiey).

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaaaony ooieoeeiie?iaaiea eeth/aauo neia a
ycueiaie ea?oeia ie?a I.Eioethaeineiai. Aaoi? i?aaeeaaaao ii?aaeaeaiea
iiiyoey “eeth/aaia neiai”. Yoi ?ic?yae auniei/anoioiie aaoinaiaioe/aneie
eaeneee ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ia ninoaaeyao aai
naiaioe/aneia yae?i (ia eaene/aneii o?iaia) e aunooiaao eae aaeoi?
eioa?i?aoaoeee ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey. Ii?aaeaeaiu e?eoa?ee
ioai?a EN a OO: a) iiiaicia/iinoue; a) aeeaai?ey; a) neiaie; a)
eiioaenooaeueiay iaoneiaeaiiinoue; ae) eioi?iaoeaiinoue; a)
/anoioiinoue.

Aaoi? enneaaeoao naiaioeeo eeth/aauo neia, n?aaieaaao ia?aaiaeu iiaanoe
I.Eioethaeineiai “Oaie caauouo i?aaeeia” ia ?onneii e iaiaoeeii ycueao n
iiceoeee ooaeiaeanoaaiiie oeaiiinoe eeth/aauo neia eae ynoaoe/aneiai
e?aaei ienaoaey.

sscueiaay ea?oeia ie?a ienaoaey ?ane?uaaao oaenoiaoth iiaeaeue, eioi?ay
?ai?acaioe?oao eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue ia?ac ie?a aaoi?a. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiue oaeno io?aaeaao eiinoaiou ie?iaicc?aiey ienaoaey, aai
oeaiiinoiua i?eaioaoeee. Eaeaiiiaeaee, nicaeaiiua ienaoaeai, aaeaeaaoiu
aai aioo?aiiaio ie?o. *eoaoaeue i?aaeaea anaai ia?auaao aieiaiea ia oi,
eaeay eaeneea eniieuecoaony aaoi?ii, e n?aco aea auaeaeyao iai?eau/ioth
aeey aini?eyoey.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?iaiaeece?iaaiu nouanoaothuea noaiu eeanneoeeaoeee
iiiyoee eaeaia?aoe/aneeo neiaa?ae (?.Oaeeea e A.oii Aa?oao?a, O.Eana?an,
I.I.?iaea, A.I.Iaoa?, AE.I.Nieieianeay) e nicaeaia noaia iiiyoee,
eioi?ay iaeaieaa iieii ?ane?uaaao ycueiaoth ea?oeio ie?a ienaoaey. Noaia
niaea?aeeo o?e eaoaai?ee, eioi?ua iauaaeeiytho “i?e?iaeioth ea?oeio
ie?a”: “Anaeaiiay”, “*aeiaae”, “Aano?aeoiua iiiyoey”. Oii?yaei/eaaiea
iiiyoee a noaia i?ienoiaeeo a /aoei ii?aaeaeaiiii eiae/aneii ii?yaeea n
o/aoii i?inoiai i?e?iaeiiai iiaeoiaea e aeaiiie i?iaeaia, aaea anoue
i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey eiaeeaeaeooia e iauaeoeaiiai ie?oaeathuaai ie?a,
eioi?ua aace?othony ia acaeiiei??aeyoeee.

Aiaeec ycueiaiai iaoa?eaea i?iecaaaeaiee ienaoaey iieacae, /oi i?aaeaea
anaai EN oaenoa noaiiayony caaieiaee. Caaieiaie – yoi EN, eioi?ia
auiieiyao niaea?aeaoaeueioth ooieoeeth i?iecaaaeaiey, a eioi?ii
niaea?aeeony iieneiaue ia?ac eaeie-eeai eioi?iaoeee. Ii oeacuaaao ia
eioi?iaoeeiiiia niaea?aeaiea oaenoa, ea?aao neaiaeueioth ?ieue.

Aaoi? enneaaeoao eeth/aaua neiaa eae neaiciua eiiiiiaiou anaai
oai?/anoaa ienaoaey. E iei ioiinyony: iaiiue, ai?a, aeia?ioa, aeiea,
aei?iaa, iuneue, aeooa, ia/aeue, caiey, eica, eiaeue, ii?a, iaai, aeaca,
i?aaaea, ?aaioa, ?oee, naao, na?aeoea, neiai, nieioea, a?onoue, oaoa,
oo/a, aieia. Oiio?aaeyynue a ?acee/iuo ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ia?aciuo
eiioaenoao, EN neaiciiai oa?aeoa?a ea?atho ii?aaeaeythuoth ?ieue a
i?aaiecaoeee no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/aneiai aaeeinoaa i?iecaaaeaiee ienaoaey,
oi?ie?otho a niaaeeiaiee n ae?oaeie ia?aciuie yeaiaioaie aeoaeiiue
iiaeoaeno.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa i?iecaaaeaiey I.Eioethaeineiai, iu i?eoee e auaiaeo, /oi
ienaoaeue oiio?aaeyao eaene/aneea aaeeieoeu, eioi?ua ano?a/athony a
ioaeaeueiii i?iecaaaeaiee. A aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee iie iacaaiu
EN eae iii?iue yeaiaio ioaeaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey. Yoi ?ic?yae
aaoinaiaioe/aneie auniei/anoioiie eaeneee, eioi?ue aunooiaao a ?iee
iii?u e ?anoe?yao eiiiioaoeaioth aaniiinoue iiaanoaiaaiey. EN eae
iii?iuie yeaiaioaie ioaeaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey ienaoaey yaeythony: nii,
onoaeinoue, aaaaa, o?aiaeoa, nia?aea, oaie, iaeeii/anoai, niao, eiaeea
(aa?ean), oa?aaeaea, oeeiena?a, ie?aae, iieiei, ayo?u, niooa,
i?aaineaaiua. A eiiiiceoeeiiiii ?acaa?ouaaiee iiaanoaiaaiey iie neoaeao
iniiaie aeey iiiainooiai/aoie, ?aciiia?aciie e iiiaianiaeoiie
eioaineoeeaoeee ia?acia.

Nooueth EN yaeyaony oi, /oi a naiaioe/aneie no?oeoo?a aieueoeinoaa ec
ieo a ?aieao annioeeaoeaii-niuneiaiai iiey /aoei oeaaeeaaaony
ianeaeaaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-aaoi?neiai niunea ia iauaeoeaii-ycueiaua,
eiie?aoii-auoiaua cia/aiey. A ?acoeueoaoa iie i?eia?aoatho iauaiiia
ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ia?aciia iiaeoaenoiaia cia/aiea, noaiiayony naiaioe/anee
iiiaia?aiiuie, a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie neiaiee/iuie. Aieueoeinoai ec
ieo, oa?aeoa?ecoynue niuneiaie iaiauaiiinoth, iaicia/athony nioeeaeueiie
iaiaaie/aiiinoueth a ?aieao neaiciuo eaeaeii-oaiaoe/aneeo eeiee.
Aioo?aiiyy eiaeeaeaeoaeueii-aaoi?neay oi?ia EN iaoneaaeeaaaony
nenoaiii-ia?aciuie ioiioaieyie ia oieueei a ooaeiaeanoaaiii-niuneiaie
no?oeoo?a eiie?aoiiai i?iecaaaeaiey, ii e ai anai oai?/anoaa. Oaeei
ia?acii, iie noaiiayony nouanoaaiiuie yeaiaioaie oaenoia
I.Eioethaeineiai.

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