?INOEOOO AIAeIE?EIIEIA?? OA IAI?IO ?A*IAEI

?i. A.I. EII?NA?AIEA AII OE?A?IE

AeOAeI?E Aeea Ieeei?aia

OAeE 616.718-06:616.379-008.64:616.13/14

EE?I?EI-IAOIAAIAOE*I? NOAAe?? Ae?AAAOE*IEO

AIA?IIAO?E IEAEI?O E?IOe?AIE: ?O Ae?AAIINOEEA ? E?EOAAIIss

14.01.14- aiaeie?eiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

20

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss.Ai?aa/aanueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oaaae Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Iaiueeianueeee Ai?en
Ieeeoiae/, ?inoeooo aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i. A.I.
Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ii?
ae?aaaoieia??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? O?aeeianueeee A?eoi? Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? o??o?a??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aiaeie?eiieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “2” eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 13aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.558.01 c aiaeie?eiieia?? a
?inoeooo? aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i. A.I. Eii?na?aiea AII
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith 254114, i. Ee?a-114, aoe. Aeoai?iaenueea, 69.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i. A.I. Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie
(254114, i. Ee?a-114, aoe. Aeoai?iaenueea, 69).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 2 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
Eaeeinueea E.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oeoe?iaee ae?aaao ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaieo caoai?thaaiue aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie ? eiai iiioeyoe?eia
/anoioa na?aae ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie neeaaea? a?ey 2% [A.?.Iaiuee?a,1995,
I.Ae.O?iiueei, A.N.?o?iia, A.?.E?aa/aiei,1996]. *enei oai?eo ia
oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, yeei aoei i?iaaaeaii aiiooaoe?th oeaiei ieaei?o
e?ioe?aie ca?eueoeeinue ca inoaii? o?eaeoeyoue ?ie?a iaeaea o 10 ?ac?a
[N.A.Eoae?yeiaa,1995, A.A.?aauaiei,1998].

A?aoiaoth/e cia/io iioe?ai?noue caoai?thaaiiy oa oaiaeaioe?th aei eiai
iiaeaeueoiai ?inoo i?iaeaia aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a
ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie (AeAIE), a a?aeoae ?
aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy iaaoaa? aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy
[A.N.?o?iia,1996].

Caeeoa?oueny a?aee?eoei ieoaiiy i?i aca?iicaeaaei?noue ci?i a oaeeo
aaaeeeaeo caoenii-i?enoinoaaeueieo nenoaiao i?aai?cio, ye ?ioiii?
?aaeoeaiino?, aaiinoaco, a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a oa
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo iaoe??io?a, aaaeeino?
oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

Canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenii? iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? caeeoa?oueny iniiaiei
iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy ae?aaaoe/ii? aia?iiao??, i?eioeeie yeiai
aecia/athoueny ?? iaoiaaiacii. Oa?iaeioa?ai?y i?e oe?e iaoieia??
aoaeo?oueny c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ia ii?ooaiee iaoaaie?ci, aaii?aieia?/i?
aeanoeaino?, noaeeiio no?ieo, a?iien?th oeaiei, iiaeaaeaiiy
a?ia?i?iaeoeoe?? eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a. Ia aeeaey/enue ia aaeeeee
a?naiae e?ea?nueeeo cania?a, no/ania iaaeeoeeia ia aieiae?? aoaeoeaieie
iaoiaeaie i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy aia?iiao?e [J.Larson et al.,1995].
I?ecia/aiiy oa?iaeieia?/ieo i?aia?ao?a naii ii nia? i?noeoue caa?ico
?icaeoeo iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ia i?aai?ci, oiio e?eoaaiiy ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?e caeeoa?oueny aaaeeith ? ana ua ia ae??oaiith i?iaeaiith, ui
ciooo? i?iaeiaaeoaaoe iiooe a?eueo aeineiiaeeo, iaoiaaiaoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo, aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae?a oa?ai?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e, ye?
iathoue iaeiaioo e?euee?noue iia?/ieo ?aaeoe?e.

Ia?niaeoeaiei o oeueiio ieai? ? aeei?enoaiiy o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a, cie?aia
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? ??cieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
na?aae yeeo iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy
iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? [I.I.Aiaeia?,1992; I.?.AEeey?a ? ni?aaao.,1997]
oa i?e?ioaeeueiaa aei?ii?ithaaiiy [A.?.Iynaoeueeee ? ni?aaao.,1993].

A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeeao ?ieue i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea a ?icaeoeo ?
i?ia?anoaaii? AeAIE [J.Wylie-Rossett et al.,1995], aeoeaii aea/a?oueny
ae?y aaciaeoeaieo i?aia?ao?a ia ??ci? eaiee iaoiaaiaco caoai?thaaiiy.
?acii c oei, aieea aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th ia ia?aa?a aia?iiao?e i?e
oeoe?iaiio ae?aaao?, i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?i? ci?ie, ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a (IIE), aioeieneaeaioio nenoaio caoenoo (AINC) oa ?ioiiee noaoon
o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao ? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? i?iyae AeAIE ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiee [I.A.Aiae???a ?
ni?aaao.,1995].

Oaeei /eiii, aeiaaa? aea/aiiy oa ooi/iaiiy eiiieaen oai?aoe/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo ieoaiue iaoiaaiaco oa e?eoaaiiy ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ca?aeii ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oa?iii?euenueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??, caoaa?aeaeaia ?IE ii i?iaeai? “Aiaeie?eiieia?y” ? ?
o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e.

Iaoa ?iaioe — iioei?caoe?y e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee
oeoe?iaee ae?aaao (?COeAe) c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie oeyoii
aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th eiia?iiaaiiai iaai?oi-eaca?iiai
ii?ii?iaiiy, aaeaeaoo oa i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/ii? noaae?? ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/iiai
i?ioeano.

Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aecia/ai? ianooii? caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? ii?ooaiue ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, i?ioean?a
e?iiia?ieneaeaoe??, aaii?aieia?? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo
ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie
a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? aia?iiao?e, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy, nooiaiy
aaaeeino? oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo.

2. Aeine?aeeoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? i?e
ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?yo ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ?? aieea ia aoaeaaiaeiee ?
e?i?aeiee iai?ie, noai ?ioi?oaoo, cai?oaeueio nenoaio e?ia?, aeeiai?eo
ia?aiao??a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee.

3. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aaeaeaoo o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie
aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie oa eiai aieea ia ee?i?/i? i?iyae
caoai?thaaiiy oa ia?aiao?e ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ?
aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo, ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, aaiinoaco oa
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? a ieaei?o e?ioe?aeao.

4. Aecia/eoe oa?aiaaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii?
oa?ai?? ? ?? aieea ia iniiai? eaiee iaoiaaiaco ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?yo
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iieacaiiy aeey aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy ai?iaiaaieo
iaoiaeee e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao (OeAe) c aia?iiao?yie
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoiaaiaoe/i? noaae?? ? ee?i?/i? i?iyae ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie aecia/athoueny nooiaiai ii?ooaiue
e?i?aeiiai iai?io, a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, aaiinoaco,
?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? oa aaiiaeeiai?ee, a caeiiii??iino? ?o ci?i
caeaaeaoue a?ae o?eaaeino? oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo oa a?eo iaoe??io?a.

2. Canoinoaaiiy eeoa oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie
aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ia aeicaiey? aeiaeoeny iiaii?
eiiiainaoe?? iieaciee?a e?i?aeiiai iai?io, ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a, aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo, ?ioiiiai noaoono oa
ii?iae?caoe?? ia?aiao??a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, ui aeiaaa?
aeiaeaoeiaiai canoinoaaiiy cania?a c aia?ii?ioaeoi?ieie,
aioeieneaeaioieie oa ?ioiiiiiaeoethth/eie aeanoeainoyie.

3. Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo iaoiae?a
oa?ai?? aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie o oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee
oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, ui aeeth/athoue iaai?oi-eaca?io, i?e?ioaeeueiao
?aciiainio oa?ai?th oa aioaaii?no eaeueoe?th aaeaeao i?ieiiaiaaii? ae??,
aieea yeeo iniiaaiee ia aeyaeaiiio iiceoeaiiio aieeaia? aeaieo
e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a ia ee?i?/i?, a?io?i?/i? oa aaiiaeeiai?/i? i?iyae
ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

4. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii eiia?iiaaio iaai?oi-eaca?io oa?ai?th:
iicanoaeeiia ii?ii?iaiiy e?ia? /a?aoaaoe c eaca?iioieoo?ith. Iieacaii,
ui aeiiiaiaiiy ?inoe?iioa?ai?? eiia?iiaaiei iaai?oi-eaca?iei
ii?ii?iaiiyi aaaea aei noaa?e?caoe?? a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai caaaeyee
i?aeaeuaiith ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaoiino? aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai,
aeinyaiaiiy aaeaino i?ae ia?aeeniei ieeneaiiyi e?i?ae?a ?
aioeieneaeaioiith nenoaiith caoenoo, ui a naith /a?ao ni?ey?
ii?iae?caoe?? iai?iieo oa ?ioiieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?.

5. Aia?oa iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? o
ii?aeiaii? c aaeaeaoii aeey iioaioe?thaaiiy ae?? oeoe?icieaeoth/i?
oa?ai?? oai?eo ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c aia?iiao?yi
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. Anoaiiaeaii aeiaaio?eaae? (a??eueoa 3-o i?nyoe?a)
iiceoeai? ci?ie iieaciee?a e?i?aeia?aie, ia?aiao??a ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ?ioiiiai noaoono oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee i?ae
aieeaii cai?iiiiiaaii? eiia?iiaaii? i?ia?aie e?eoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Iieacieee ?aiaacia?aie ? oa?iia?aie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, a oaeiae
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo,
?ioiiiai noaoono i?aai?cio oa nenoaie cai?oaiiy e?ia? yaeythoueny
?aii?ie ae?aaiinoe/ieie e?eoa??yie ??cieo ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/ieo
aa??aio?a ia?aa?ao ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, a
aeeiai?ea oeeo ia?aiao??a iiaea neoaeeoe iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeey aecia/aiiy
aaeaeaaoiino? ? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy.

2. I?aenoaaith aeey i?ecia/aiiy iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? ? nooo?a?
c?ooaiiy ia?aiao??a e?i?aeia?aie, ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a,
cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo ?
?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, cia/i? ii?ooaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee.

3. A?aoiaoth/e ia?aaaaeaiiy aia?ii?ioaeoi?ii? ae?? aioaaii?no?a
eaeueoe?th, ?o aaciaeeeyooth/o ae?th, iiceoeaiee aieea ia e?i?aeiee
iai?i ? i?ioeane e?iiia?ieneaeaoe?? oa iacia/iee ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ee
aieea, aaeaeaaoiei iieacaiiyi aei ?o canoinoaaiiy ? ooieoe?iiaeueia
noaae?y ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie o oai?eo ia
?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao.

4. I?e ii?aeiai?e ae?? iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? oa aaeaeaoo ?o ae?y
iioaioe?th?oueny, ui i?iyaey?oueny ii?iae?caoe??th iai?io e?i?ae?a,
i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ?ioiiiai noaoono oa
ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee.

5. I?aenoaaith aeey i?ecia/aiiy i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? ?
ii?ooaiiy iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o oa c?ooaiiy ia?aiao??a ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? o oai?eo c
ae?aaaoe/ieie aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ia ?aii?o noaae?yo
caoai?thaaiiy, aac yaieo ci?i a e?i?aeiiio iai?i? oa ii?ooaiue
aaiinoaco.

6. A oe?eiio io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iieacaiiy aei
i?ecia/aiiy IEO, aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th, a oaeiae ?o ii?aeiaiiy oa
i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? caeaaeii a?ae noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaio naiino?eii i?iaiaeeea
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? oa ?ino?oiaioaeuei? ianoaaeaiiy o oai?eo, ?ic?iaeea
iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeaaeo? iaai?oi-eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy oa
i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? o oai?eo ia ?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie (?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe?? ?114 oa 115 a?ae
29.12.1995). Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oeeo?iaiai iaoa??aeo, ioi?ieaiiy
?iaioe, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a oa e?oa?aoo?ia ioi?ieaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Aeena?oaioii ia aoee aeei?enoai?
?acoeueoaoe oa ?aea? ni?aaaoi??a ioae?eaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
aioo??oiuei? iaoieia?? oa i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee
e?ea??a-oa?aiaao?a” (Ee?a, 1996), ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? (1995 — 1997 ??.), Oa?iii?euenueeeo
iaeanieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo (1995 — 1997 ??.), ia ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai??, i?iiaaeaaoe/ii? oa?ai??,
aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?1, aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2, caaaeueii? o??o?a??,
caaaeueii? a?a??ie, e?ea??a iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?, ?ioa?i?a oa
eo?naio?a oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee e?ea??a (Oa?iii?eue,
1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o,
a oiio /ene? a aeo?iaeao: “E?ea?nueea ni?aaa”, “A?niee iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue”, “Aiaeie?eiieia?y” oa “Nea??nueeee iaaee/iee aeo?iae”,
aeiouaii ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno (Ee?a,1996), ioi?ieaii 2
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueeeo i?iiiceoe??.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia oe?a?inueeith
iiaith ia 149 noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, iaa?aiiai ia eiii’thoa??,
?ethno?iaaia 13 iaethieaie, 56 oaaeeoeyie ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy
?acoeueoao?a, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e,
yeee aeeth/a? 354 aeaea?aea.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

Ia’?i ? iaoiaee ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ianoaaeaii 128 oai?eo ia
?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie na?aae yeeo aoei 75 (58,6 %)
/ieia?e?a, 53 (41,4%) ae?iie. A?e iaoe??io?a eieeaaany a?ae 17 aei 68
?ie?a (44,3+5,8 ?iee). O?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy noaiiaeea a?ae 1
i?nyoey aei 25 ?ie?a.

Ae?aaiic OeAe ? AeAIE, ?o aaaee?noue aenoaaeyee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
eeaneo?eaoe??th A.N.?o?iiaa [1989]. Aeae?eyee eaaeo, na?aaeith oa aaaeeo
nooi?iue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo ? o?e noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. ?iciiae?e oai?eo ia noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?yo
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie a?aeaoaaany a caeaaeiino? a?ae ae?aaeaiino?
iae?iaia?iiao?e. I?e?iaia?iiao??, ye? oaeiae aecia/aeenue o ianoaaeaieo
oai?eo, ia aiineee ?noioiiai aeeaaeo a ee?i?/io ea?oeio aia?iiao?e
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie.

A ia?o? aei? ia?aaoaaiiy a ee?i?oe? ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy an?i oai?ei
i?iaiaeeeinue noaiaea?oeciaaia ee?i?/ia ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoa eaai?aoi?ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea aeeth/aei aecia/aiiy ae?eai??, ai?noo aetheice a
na/? oa aecia/aiiy eaoiiiaeo o?e a e?ia?.

Ai?no caaaeueiiai oieanoa?eio (ON) oa oieanoa?eio e?iii?ioa?ae?a
aeniei? u?eueiino? (ON EIAU) aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii Abell [A.A.Eiea? ?
ni?aaao.,1982]. Ca io?eiaieie aeaieie ?ic?aoiaoaaee eiao?oe??io
aoa?iaaiiino? (EA), ye ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (ON — ON EIAU) / ON EIAU
[A.O.Aeaaeaeaieiaa ? ni?aaao.,1992]. O?eae?oea?eaee (OA) aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeii Chromy et all [1997].

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) (ca ai?noii
ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a oa iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo) i?iaiaeeee ca
iaoiaeii L.Placer [1969], ia?aeeniooai?aiiy (IO) — ca iaoiaeeeith
Stocse et Dormandy [1971]. Noai nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo (AINC)
i?aai?cio ioe?ithaaee ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a?oai?i?a ?
oa A oethi?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii [?.*.*a?iyoneaia ? ni?aaao.,1984],
aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo — noia?ieneaeaeeniooace
(NIAe) ca nooiaiai ?ia?a?oe?? a?aeiiaeaiiy i?o?ineiueiai oao?acie?th ca
iaoiaeii A.A.Aeoaei?ii? ? ni?aaao. [1983] aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace (AI) ?
aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace (A?) [A.I.E?oae?eiaa oa ?.I.Ooooiai, 1976],
ia?ieneaeacio aeoeai?noue (II) [A.Iiiiaa oa E.Iaeeianueei?, 1971].

Noai nenoaie O — e?ioioeeo?a ioe?ithaaee ca oanoii niiioaiiiai
?icaoeiooai?aiiy ? ?aaeoe?? aeanoii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? (?AOE) c
ianiaoeeo?/iei i?oiaaiii — o?oiaaiaaethoei?iii [A.O. *a?iooaiei ? ?.N.
Eiainiaa,1978], a A-e?ioioeeo?a ca iaoiaeii eiiieaiaioa?iiai
?icaoeiooai?aiiy [A.I. *a?aae??a, 1976]. ??aaiue oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo
eiiieaen?a (Oe?E) aecia/aee oeyoii naeaeoeaii? i?aoeei?oaoe?? eiiieaen?a
o ?ic/ei? iie?aoeeaiae?eieth [E.?.Oioeiaa, 1978].

I?i noai cai?oaeueii? nenoaie e?ia? oa o?a?eiie?co noaeeee ca
iieacieeaie iaei? eiaaoeia?aie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue caaaeueio
cai?oaeueio caeaoi?noue e?ia?, ia?oo, ae?oao ? o?aoth oace cai?oaiiy
[A.A.Iaiueoeeia,1987].

Aea/aiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith
?aiaacia?ao?/iiai (?IA-1-01) oa oa?iia?ao?/iiai (“?aaeoaa-IO” ii
eiii’thoa?eciaai?e i?ia?ai? “SIT-INFRA”) aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaei?o
e?ioe?aie. Aiae?c ?aia?ai i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e N.E.Aeo?oe
[1990] oa A.?.Iie?uoe ? ni?aaao. [1983], oa?iia?ai ii noaiaea?oeciaai?e
iaoiaeeoe? [E.A.?icaioaeueae ? ni?aaao.,1986].

22 iaoe??ioe (a?oia ii??aiyiiy) io?eioaaee oeoe?icieaeoth/o oa?ai?th,
yea ia?aaeaa/aea ae??oo, ?inoe?iioa?ai?th a aaeaeaaoieo aeicao, a oaeiae
a?iaaiiee noeioeyoi?, a?oai?ie a?oie A, anei?a?iiao eeneioo, ianaae
i?a, e?eoaaeueio o?ceoeueoo?o.

40 oai?ei ?? a?oie ii?yae ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeua aeacaieo iaaeeeaiaio?a
i?iaiaeeee eiia?iiaaia iicanoaeeiia ii?ii?ithaaiiy e?ia? ? aieea ia
oi/ee eeane/ii? eeoaenueei? aeoioieoo?e (eaca?iioieoo?a) c aeiiiiiaith
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaai?oi-eaca?a «Eo/-2» i?iiaiai ?io?a/a?aiiiai
niaeo?o c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,85 iei, u?euei?noth iioieo iiooaeiino? 25
iAo/ni2, iino?eiei iaai?oiei iieai c ?iaeoeoe??th 25 iOe. O?eaae?noue
aieeao ia eoa?oaeueio aaio ? a?oa??th aei??aithaaa 15 oa. Eo?n noaiiaea
5-7 naain?a, /a?ac aeaiue. O a?euei? aei? i?iaiaeeee eaca?iioieoo?o. *an
ae?? ia oi/eo 60 nae. O?eaae?noue naaino aei 10 oa., a caeaaeiino? a?ae
e?eueeino? oi/ie. Eo?n neeaaeaa 7 naain?a.

??? a?oio neeaee 23 oai?eo ia ?COeAe, o yeeo eo?n oeoe?icieaeoth/iai
e?eoaaiiy aeiiiaithaaany i?eeiiii i?oaaeei?io i?ieiiaiaaii? ae?? —
aaeaeaoo a aeic? 20 ia/ aeiao ca 1 i?eeii ia i?ioyc? 18+3 aei?.

?V a?oia — 21 oai?ee, o yeeo IEO ii?aeioaaee c i?eeiiii aioaaii?noa
eaeueoe?th aaeaeaoo ca iaaaaeaieie aeua iaoiaeeeaie.

22 oai?ei V a?oie ii?yae ?c ?ooeiiei e?eoaaiiyi i?iaiaeeee eo?n
i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo “Aeaeo?ii?ea
IA*-102”. Ae?yee ia a?ieia?/ii aeoeai? oi/ee caaaeueii? ae??: A36, GI4,
J22,J16; i?noeaai? ae??: F2, F3, RP6, VB37 , ye? aeyaeyee ca aeiiiiiaith
aia?ao?a “IYI” aai “?aoeaen”. Oaeeueia?ae ?ici?uaee ia a?aenoai? 3-5 ii
iaae oe??ith. Iaeei naain aeeth/aa ii?ii?iaiiy 2-4-o (ia?ieo) oi/ie ia
i?ioyc? 15 oaeeei. I?ioeaaeo?e a?aeioneaee uiaeaiii. Eo?n e?eoaaiiy
aeeth/aa 6-10 naain?a.

Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaaeaee 30 caei?iaeo in?a aiaeia?/iiai ianoaaeaiei
oai?ei a?eo.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo c aecia/aiiyi na?aaeiuei? a?eoiaoe/ii? aaee/eie (I)
oa na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iiieeee (+m) i?iaiaeeee ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii’thoa?? ?N:286 ii i?ia?ai? “Statgraf”; ??cieoey iieaciee?a
aaaaeaeany aeinoia??iith i?e ?<0,05 ca e?eoa???i Nouethaeaioa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. O a?eueoino? iaoe??io?a aeyaey?oueny ii?aeiaia o?aaeaiiy aaeeeeo ? ae??aieo noaeei oa ia?a?a aii?eee ? nooii?. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee o?aaeaiue a?oa??e aaeeeiai oa na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o e??i ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a aeei?enoaii iaoiae ?aiaacia?ao??. Iayai?noue ? nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? i?e?iaia?iiao?e aeyaeyee i?e oa?iia?ao?/iiio ianoaaeai? ia oii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ia. Ia?oa, aeiee?i?/ia noaae?y aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie aoea aeyaeaia o 27,3 % oai?eo, ia?aaaaeii o ethaeae iieiaeiai a?eo (91,4 % oai?eo - aei 44 ?ie?a), c o?eaae?noth OeAe a?ae 1 aei 3 ?ie?a (89%). Ae?oaa, ooieoe?iiaeueia, noaae?y AeAIE aoea ae?aaiinoiaaia o 44,5% iaoe??io?a. Aiia /ano?oa cono??/aeany o in?a noa?oa 44 ?ie?a (68%) c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy a?ae 1 aei 10 ?ie?a. O?aoy, i?aai?/ia, noaae?y aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie aoea eiinoaoiaaia o 28,2% oai?eo ? /ano?oa aeyaeyeany o in?a noa?oiai oa iioeeiai a?eo (86,1% oai?eo - noa?oa 44 ?ie?a) c aaaeeei nooiaiai OeAe (100%). O?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy ia OeAe neeaaeaea o ieo 10 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa. O oai?eo c ?? - ??? noaae?yie aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie a?aei?/aia i?aeaeuaia aoiiethaai?noue (82,5% - 100% a?aeiia?aeii), ia?ceyeoaao?noue ieaei?o e?ioe?aie (63,2% - 100%), aie? a e?ioe?aeao o niiei? (52,6% - 91,6%), noaeiie o i’ycao aii?eee (38,6% - 100%), ia?anoac?? (47,4% - 100%), ia?ai?aeia eoeueaaa?noue (28,1% - 86,0%), o?io?/i? ci?ie oe??ieo iie?ia?a (19,3 % oa 41,6 %), aeeno?io?y i?ao?a (86,0 oa 100 %), eieaeueia aeiaae?iiy aieinny (73,7 % - 97,2 %), iineaaeaia ioeuenaoe?y a?oa??e nooii? (49,1 % - 63,8 %). O oai?eo c ? noaae??th AeAIE aeaieo ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a ia aoei aeyaeaii. I?e iinooieaii? a ee?i?eo o 82,03 % ianoaaeaieo a?aei?/aany noai aeaeiiiainaoe?? oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeiny ee?i?/ieie iciaeaie oa iieacieeaie aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io. O aeo?aeiiio noai? anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ON, OA ? cieaeaiiy ??aiy aioeaoa?iaaiieo e?iii?ioa?ae?a o ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie caei?iaeo in?a (oaae.1). Oaaeeoey 1 Iieacieee iai?io e?i?ae?a, IIE, AINC, ?ioi?oaoo, aaiinoaco oa ?aiaacia?ao?? o oai?eo ia ?COeAe a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? AeAIE (M+m) IieacieeeEiio?ieueN o a ae ? ? Ae A I E ??????EA, a?ae.iae.2,83+0,153,42+0,10*4,42+0,12*5,54+0,15*IAeA, ieiieue/e2,25+0,082,91+ 0,07*3,46+0,08*3,74+0,10*A?o. A, iiieue/e2,55+0,022,40+0,02*2,24+0,02*2,14+0,02*A?, iiieueIAAeOI/oa/e78,79+2,2958,97+1,65*47,97+1,30*41,86+1,05*O-e?ioioeeoe , %53,36+0,30A55,00+0,21* A45,15+0,12* 43,68+0,31* 41,61+0,34*?AOE,% 74,36+0,92A78,47+0,62* A65,00+0,37* 64,44+0,49* 62,80+0,41*A- e?ioioeeoe, %23,7+0,7027,56+0,28*27,27+0,22*27,35+0,23*Oe?E, iae.i.u.56,30+2,03120,67+3,0*129,05+2,58*132,98+2,75*i?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen, %94,58+0,32100,29+1,41*105,71+1,52*109,45+1,60*o?a?eiiaai, a/ e2,4+0,102,86+0,11*4,50+0,13*4,79+0,10*?aia?ao?/iee eiao?oe??io, %11,80+0,4013,90+0,20*14,20+0,10*14,42+0,20*IE, %i0,98+0,030,95+0,030,86+0,04*0,53+0,02*IE, ie/oa/100ni36,79+0,116,61+0,414,70+0,14*3,38+0,17*I?ei?oee:1. * - ??cieoey i?ae iieacieeii ? eiio?ieueiei cia/aiiyi aeinoia??ia (?<0,05); 2. A - i?aea?oia oai?eo c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy aei 1 ?ieo; 3. A - i?aea?oia oai?eo c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy a?eueoa 1 ?ieo. Eiao?oe??io aoa?iaaiiino? (EA) o oai?eo ia?aaeuoaaa eiio?ieuei? iieacieee a 1,5 ?ace. A?aeaoaaeanue nooo?aa aeoeaaoe?y i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ? i?eai?/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaoiino? aioeieneaeaioieo nenoai. Iniaeeai ae?aaeaieie aoee cnoae a eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeA, AeE, aeooao?iiiai? oa a?oai?iii? nenoai caoenoo. Aaaeeeai i?aee?aneeoe, ui ae?aaeai?noue c?ooaiue iieaciee?a e?i?aeiiai iai?io, IIE ? AINC c?inoaea ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo oai?eo ia ?COeAe, o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa noaae?? aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ui aeaco? ia nooo?ao ?ieue ii?ooaiue aaeaino i?ae i?ioeanaie ia?ieneaeaoe?? ? AINC a iaoai?ciao iioeiaeaeaiiy noaeei o oaeeo iaoe??io?a. Aiae?coth/e noai ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, aoei aeyaeaii ??ciiiai?aaeai?noue ci?i ie?aieo iieaciee?a (oaae.1) a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy. Oiio oai?? aoee iiae?eai? ia aea? i?aea?oie (A oa A). O i?aea?oio A oa?eoei 22 oai?eo c iao?eaaeei i?io?eaiiyi (aei 1 ?ieo) ae?aaaoo o yeeo a?aei?/aeinue aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy caeaoiino? O-e?ioioeeo?a aei ?icaoeiooai?aiiy. I?ioeaioiee ai?no O-e?ioioeeo?a aoa cia/ii aeuee, i?ae a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. O 84 oai?eo i?aea?oie A (o?eaae?noue oai?iae a?eueoa 1 ?ieo) ci?ie ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo aoee i?ioeeaaei? aeaiei, ye? aeyaeaii a i?aea?oi? A, oiaoi niinoa??aaeiny aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy i?ioeaioiiai ai?noo caaaeueiiai /enea O-e?ioioeeo?a, nooo?ai cieaeoaaeanue ?o ooieoe?iiaeueia aeoeai?noue. O oai?eo AeAIE aeinoia??ii c?inoaa i?ioeaioiee ai?no A-e?ioioeeo?a oa Oe?E o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. Ci?ie a nenoai? aaiinoaco niinoa??aaeeny o 96 ?c 112 ianoaaeaieo oai?eo, ui neeaei 85,7% ? a?aeiia?aea? neiae?iio a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? e?ia?. Noaae?? AeAIE o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao caeaaeaoue a?ae noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. I?e aeiee?i?/i?e noaae?? aia?iiao?e ci?ie oi?eathoueny oiiono a?oa??aeueieo ? aaiicieo noaeei. O oai?eo c ooieoe?iiaeueiith noaae??th ii?yae ?c ci?iaie oiiono noaeei ? ciaioaiiyi oaeaeeino? i?eoieo ? a?aeoieo e?ia? aeyaey?oueny cieaeaiiy ia’?iiiai e?iaiieeio (IE) oa ?ioaineaiino? e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?eyiee (IE). I?e i?aai?/i?e noaae?? AeAIE aeacai? ci?ie iiaeeaeththoueny; i?aeaeuaiiy noaeeiiiai oiiono oa ao?aoa aeanoe/iino? noaeeiii? no?iee aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaiiy ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o, cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? i?eoieo ? a?aeoieo e?ia? oa ?ioaineaiino? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy ieaei?o e?ioe?aie: ia 67,6% a nooii? oa ia 45,9% a ae?eyioe? aii?eee. Ii?ooaiiy ?aa?iia?ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeenue aeaieie oa?iia?ao?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo. Aaea ia ?aii?o aoaiao caoai?thaaiiy aeyaeaii oa?iianeiao??th ? ciie a?iioa?i??. O 25 a?aenioe?a ianoaaeaieo oai?eo a?aei?/aany neiioii “oa?iiaiiooaoe??” e?ioe?aee ia ??ai? na?aaeiuei? aai ieaeiuei? o?aoeie aii?eee. Anoaiiaeaii nooo?ao caeaaei?noue oa?iinai?ioeee AeAIE a?ae noaae?? aia?iiao?e. Aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy a nenoaiao IIE, ?ioii?aaeoeaiino?, aaii?aieia?? ei?aethaaee i?ae niaith ? noaae??th AeAIE, oiio noaee iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeey aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th oai?eo ia ?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie cania?a c aioeieneaeaioieie, ?ioiinoeioethth/eie ? aia?ii?ioaeoi?ieie aeanoeainoyie. Ii??aiyeueia aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo eiiieaen?a e?eoaaiiy. Iniiaiith oiiaith i?io?eaeoeee ? oni?oii? oa?ai?? AeAIE ? no?eea eiiiainaoe?y iai?iieo i?ioean?a i?e OeAe [I.?. Aaeaaiee?i,1996], yei? ie iaiaaaeeny aeinyaoe o eiaeiiai iaoiai iaoe??ioa. I?i iiceoeaiee aieea canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy (IEO, aaeaeaoo, ii?aeiaiiy oeeo aeaio e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a oa I?O) ia aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io o oai?eo c AeAIE na?ae/eoue aeeiai?ea ia?aiao??a ae?eai?/iiai ? aetheico?e/iiai i?io?e?a. O iaoe??io?a ? a?oie i?e oeoe?icieaeoth/?e oa?ai?? oa?ai?? eiiiainaoe?y oeoe?iaiai niinoa??aaeanue o 68,18 % iaoe??io?a a na?aaeiueiio /a?ac 3 oeaei?. I?e canoinoaaii? cai?iiiiiaaieo e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a aeinyaiaiiy eiiiainaoe?? iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue a?aei?/aii o i?i?iaeuei? no?iee i?ney ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy o 82,50 % oai?eo i?e IEO, o 69,57 % iaoe??io?a i?e aeiiiaiaii? oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? aaeaeaoii, o 95,24 % - i?e ii ii?aeiaii? IEO oa aaeaeaoo oa o 81,82 % - i?e I?O. Ae?aaeaiee iiceoeaiee aieea ia e?i?aeiee iai?i aeyaeee IEO oa ?? ii?aeiaia ae?y c aioaaii?noii eaeueoe?th, aea /a?ac 3 i?nyoe? i?ney caaa?oaiiy e?eoaaiiy niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei i?ia?anoaaiiy aeene?i?aeai??. Aieea aaeaeaoo i?iyaeyany o cieaeaii? ??ai?a ON, OA oa ca?eueoaiiyi ON EIAU, ui aaei aei cieaeaiiy EA. E?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O nooo?ai ia aieeaaei ia ia?aiao?e e?i?aeiiai iai?io o ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a. A?aoiaoth/e aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i aieea IEO, I?O oa aaeaeaoo ia a?io?i?/i? nenoaie i?aai?cio [A.A. Eooeaiie oa ?i., 1993; A.A. Eoean oa ?i., 1996; N.O. Coaeiaa, 1998; A.A. Aei?io??a, 1998], ie aeine?aeeee aeeiai?eo i?iaeoeo?a IIE (AeE, IAeA, IO) oa AINC (a?oai?ie A, ?, NIAe, A?, AI) i?e canoinoaaii? oeeo iaoiae?a oa?ai?? (oaae.2). O oai?eo, ye? io?eioaaee eeoa oeoe?icieaeoth/o oa?ai?th, niinoa??aaeany iacia/ia iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a e?iiia?ieneaeaoe??. Canoinoaaiiy iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai??, a iniaeeai ii?aeiaia ae?y IEO oa aaeaeaoo i?eaiaeeee aei ii?iae?caoe?? i?ioean?a a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a o an?o oai?eo iacaeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino? ?COeAe oa noaae?? AeAIE. Canoinoaaiiy aeacaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ni?eyei oaeiae ii?iae?caoe?? a?eueoino? iieaciee?a AINC. I?e oeueiio a?eueo ae?aaeaiee aieea a?aei?/aii ia ai?no i?e?iaeieo aioeieneaeaio?a - a?oai?i?a A ? ?, i?ae ia ??aaiue oa?iaio?a AINC. Aeei?enoaiiy eaca?iiai aei?ii?iaiiy iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? aaei aei ii?iae?caoe?? aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie, a?oai?i?a A ? ?, ui ? aaaeeeaith eaieith caiia?aaiiy eaioethaiaiai iaoai?cio IIE. Ii?yae c oeei ??aaiue NIAe iaa eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy (?>0,05 a?aeiinii eiio?ieueii? a?oie).
Eiia??ii, ae?y eaca?iiai i?ii?iiy ?aae?co?oueny oeyoii aca?iiae??
eaaio?a na?oea c e?i?aeiei oa?ii ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, a ?acoeueoao? /iai
ioe aeooao?iio a iaia?aiao a?eo?ioeeo?a e?aua caa??aa?oueny ?
a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y AINC ee?oei.

Canoinoaaiiy I?O a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ni?eyei ii?iae?caoe??
iieaciee?a IIE ? AINC o oai?eo c aeiee?i?/iith noaae??th AeAIE, i?e
o?eaaeino? ?COeAe aei 1 ?ieo, eiee ci?ie iai?io e?i?ae?a i?i?iaeuei?. O
oai?eo c ?? oa ??? noaae?yie aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ai?no
i?iaeoeo?a IIE iaei ci?ithaaany a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2

Iieacieee ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo,
?ioiiiai noaoono oa ?aiaacia?ao?? aei ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy (M+m)

o?aaeeoe?eia

e?eoaaiiy

(n=22)O?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy a ii?aeiaii? c

Iieacieee

iaai?oi-eaca?iith oa?ai??th

(n=40)aaeaeaoii

(n =23)iaai?oi-eaca?iith oa?ai??th oa aaeaeaoii

(n=21)i?e?ioaeeueiaith ?aciiainiith oa?ai??th

(n =22)IAeA,eiieue/e

(2,25+0,08)123,34+0,08*

3,21+0,10*3,33+0,07*

2,51+0,11 3,41+0,09*

3,15+0,10* 3,28+0,08*

2,41+0,103,31+0,08*

2,64+0,09*A?oA,iiieue/e

(2,55+0,02) 122,25+0,02*

2,29+0,02*2,27+0,02*

2,50+0,022,22+0,02*

2,34+0,02*2,25+0,02*

2,60+0,022,26+0,02*

2,50+0,02IO,ieiieue/e

(32,60+0,15)1233,28+0,18*

33,25+0,20*33,23+0,10*

32,43+0,1033,30+0,1*

33,06+0,1*33,26+0,12*

32,33+0,1033,27+0,1*

33,20+0,1*NIAe,%ae.

(11,08+0,17)1210,33+0,07*

10,35+0,07*10,31+0,04*

10,42+0,19*10,34+0,09*

10,37+0,16*10,37+0,08*

10,56+0,4010,32+0,09*

10,53+0,12*A?,iiieueIAAeOI/oa/e

(78,79+2,29)1249,60+1,61*

57,03+1,49*49,89+1,67*

67,74+1,52*49,51+1,32*

55,92+1,49*49,78+1,13*

75,18+1,6049,63+1,71*

61,79+1,48*O-e?ioioeeoe, % (53,36+0,30)1243,39+0,32*

43,58+0,29*43,37+0,34*

51,91+0,32*43,30+0,31*

43,53+0,34*42,88+0,34*

52,07+0,27*42,93+0,33*

52,63+0,39?AOE, %

(74,36+0,92)1263,91+0,50*

66,89+0,45*63,83+0,35*

72,82+0,3464,19+0,64*

65,95+0,71*63,25+0,80*

72,40+0,6163,48+0,45*

73,01+0,59A-e?ioioeeoe,

% (23,70+0,70)1227,33+0,25*

27,00+0,24*27,50+0,20*

23,90+0,1927,24+0,28*

26,29+0,27*27,43+0,20*

24,00+0,2327,23+0,26*

23,82+0,27??,oi.iae.

(1,26+0,10)120,84+0,08*

0,90+0,09*0,86+0,03*

1,01+0,100,80+0,02*

0,90+0,07*0,84+0,05*

1,18+0,090,88+0,05*

1,02+0,09?E,%

(11,80+0,40) 1214,11+0,12*

13,80+0,18*14,18+0,19*

12,54+0,2114,22+0,20*

12,66+0,1814,13+0,14*

12,26+0,1914,20+0,15*

12,61+0,13Oa.i?.,oi.iae./nae(8,75+0,20)126,34+0,30*

6,46+0,30*6,48+0,40*

8,23+0,306,03+0,20*

6,97+0,30*6,32+0,20*

8,31+0,305,97+0,10*

6,64+0,30*IE,%i

(0,98+0,03) 120,72+0,03*

0,81+0,08*0,77+0,04*

0,85+0,03*0,78+0,02*

0,83+0,04*0,74+0,02*

0,86+0,04*0,70+0,04*

0,81+0,07*IE, ie/oa/100ni3

(6,79+0,11) 124,84+0,39*

5,03+0,31*4,48+0,37*

5,31+0,22*4,63+0,42*

5,08+0,19*4,57+0,32*

5,44+0,20*4,54+0,27*

5,11+0,36*I?ei?oee: 1. 1,2 — a?aeiia?aeii cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aei oa
i?ney e?eoaaiiy;

2. * — iieaciee aeinoia??ii
a?aei?iiee a?ae eiio?ieth(P<0,05); 3. a aeoaeeao iaaaaeai? iieacieee eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Ci?ie ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? i?ae aieeaii aeacaieo e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a aoee iaeiiiai?aaeai?, aea nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ?o ci?i aoa ??ciei. Aenieee ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ee aieea i?iyaeyee iaai?oi-eaca?ia oa?ai?y oa IEO a eiiieaen? c aaeaeaoii. I?ney 3-o oeaeiaaiai eo?no e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo c ? oa ?? noaae?yie AeAIE, i?e o?eaaeino? OeAe a?eueoa 1 ?ieo on? iieacieee, ui aea/aeeny, aeinyaaee eiio?ieueiiai cia/aiiy. ?acii c oei, ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o iaoe??io?a c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy aei 1 ?ieo, o yeeo aei e?eoaaiiy eiinoaooaaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a ?ioi?oaoo, i?ney canoinoaaiiy aeaieo iaoiae?a aieeao aeyaeaii eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? ee?oeiii? eaiee ?ioi?oaoo. Iaoiaaiaoe/iith iniiaith oaeeo aoaeo?a, i/aaeaeii, ?, a?aei?/aiee aaaaoueia aaoi?aie, noeioethth/ee aieea iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? ia ee?oeiio eaieo ?ioi?oaoo c iaeii/aniei i?eai?/aiiyi eiai aoii?aeueii? /anoee [E.I.Ae’y/ai,1994; O.A.?aaiaiei ? ni?aaao.,1990]. Nooo?aei ? oaeiae aaciina?aaei?e aieea IEO ia iai?i ioeea?iiaeo eeneio, neioac AeIE ? i?oioe/io aeoeai?noue [A.E.Ie?iaeaeia ? ni?aaao.,1991]. Canoinoaaiiy eiia?iiaaiiai iaai?oi-eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ni?eyei ii?iae?caoe?? a?eueoino? iieaciee?a aaiinoaco. I?e?ioaeeueiaa ?aciiainia oa?ai?y oa aeei?enoaiiy aaeaeaoo ?noioii ia aieeaaee ia ia?aiao?e cai?oaeueii? nenoaie e?ia?. I?e aeei?enoaii? o?eueee oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? on? iieacieee eiaaoeyoe?eii? caeaoiino? e?ia? i?iaeiaaeoaaee ?noioii a?ae??ciyoeny a?ae iieaciee?a o a?oi? caei?iaeo in?a. Canoinoaaiiy eiaeiiai c iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy a oe?eiio iiceoeaii aieeaaei ia aeeiai?eo a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ooaii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. I?ioa aoaeoeai?noue aeacaieo iaoiae?a nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeanue. Oae aeei?enoaiiy iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai??, ye a eiia?iaoe?? c aioaaii?noii eaeueoe?th, oae ? aac iueiai i?eaiaeeei aei aeinoia??ieo ci?i iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee ii a?aeiioaiith aei aeo?aeieo aeaieo, iie?auoth/e ?o. Ii?aeiaiiy i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? c oeoe?icieaeoth/ei e?eoaaiiyi ni?eyei ii?iae?caoe?? ia?aiao??a ?aia?aie i?e ? oa ?? noaae?yo ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e. Ia oii? e?eoaaiiy aioaaii?noii eaeueoe?th a?aei?/aii eeoa iiceoeai? ci?ie oiiono ae??aieo noaeei, ? ye iane?aeie oeueiai, ciaioaiiy ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o. ?acii c oei, e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy ieaei?o e?ioe?aie nooo?ai ia a?aeiiaethaaeinue. Io?eiai? aaiiaeeiai?/i? aoaeoe iiaeia iiynieoe, ye aaciina?aaeith ae?th iaai?oi-eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia iio?e e?ia?, ii?iae?coth/e ?? ee?oeiiee neeaae oa ?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino?, oae ? aieeaii ia aaciiioi?i? ?aaoethth/? nenoaie oaeaeeino? e?iaiia?ao [I.O.Aeaenaiae?ia ? ni?aaao.,1993; I.A.Iaacaiaea ? ni?aaao.,1994]. sse a?aeiii, aieea aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th ia e?iaiieei cae?enith?oueny oeyoii iiieaeaiiy oiiono a?oa??ie oa ?icneaaeaiiy aeaaeei? ioneoeaoo?e aai (S.Bianchi et al.,1997; M.Giordano et al.,1995]. A oe?eiio iiaeia i?aenoioaaoe, ui canoinoaaiiy oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? o oai?eo ia ?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ia aeaaaei aeinoia??ieo iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue a i?ioeanao IIE, AINC, e?i?aeiiio iai?i?, ia aieeaaei ia aaii?aieia?/i? aeanoeaino? ? ?ioiiee noaoon. ?ioeie neiaaie, i?ney oaeiai e?eoaaiiy caeeoaany noano?ao ? oiiae aeey i?ia?anoaaiiy AeAIE. Aeacaiee oaeo na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeiiiaiaiiy oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? caniaaie c a?iie?iaaeei?/iei, aioeieneaeaioiei, ?ioiiei?aaoth/ei ? aia?ii?ioaeoi?iei aoaeoaie. Oaeeie aeanoeainoyie a iaai?e i??? aieiae?thoue iaai?oi-eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy, aeea?ae?ii??eaeeiiaee aioaaii?no eaeueoe?th aaeaeao oa i?e?ioaeeueiaa ?aciiainia oa?ai?y. ?o aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia canoinoaaiiy o oai?eo a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaae?? AeAIE ? ia?aaaaeaiiy oiai /e ?ioiai ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiai aa??aioo oai?iae aeicaiey? aeiaeoeny oaeaeei? ii?iae?caoe?? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ieo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy. Oae, i?ae aieeaii oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai?? iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee caoai?thaaiiy, a oaeiae ia?aiao??a IIE, ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? ? aaiiaeeiai?ee ieaei?o e?ioe?aie niinoa??aaeany eeoa o 66,7% ianoaaeaieo c ? noaae??th AeAIE, 50,0% c ?? noaae??th ? o 33,3% oai?eo c ??? noaae??th. Ii?yae c oeei, a?eueo aoaeoeaieie aeyaeeeny eiiieaene c iaai?oi-eaca?iith oa?ai??th, aaeaeaoii oa ii?aeiaiiy oeeo aeaio e?eoaaeueieo oaeoi??a. O oai?eo c ? noaae??th AeAIE aiie aoee aoaeoeaieie a?aeiia?aeii o 92,9%, 80% oa 100 aeiaaee?a; o oai?eo c ?? noaae??th - o 77,8; 66,7; 100%; o iaoe??io?a c ??? noaae??th - o 75,0; 33,3 oa 71,4 % ianoaaeaieo. I?e canoinoaaii? i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee caoai?thaaiiy niinoa??aaeanue o 100% ianoaaeaieo c ? noaae??th AeAIE, o 70,0 % - c ?? oa 33,3% - ??? noaae??th ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o oai?eo c ae?aaeaieie ii?ooaiiyie a e?i?aeiiio iai?i?, i?ioeanao e?iiia?ieneaeaoe?? e?auee aoaeo a?aei?/aii i?e canoinoaaii? iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai??, i?e ii?ooaiiyo ?ioii?aaeoeaiino? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e ? oa ?? noaae?yo AeAIE - i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai??, i?e ii?ooaiiyo aaiinoaco, ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee oa IIE - IEO o ii?aeiaii? c aaeaeaoii. AENIIAEE 1.Ii?ooaiiy e?i?aeiiai iai?io oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo iathoue cia/aiiy a iaoiaaiac? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ia ui aeaco? ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy i?iaeoeo?a e?iiia?ieneaeaoe?? ? o?aeoe?e aoa?iaaieo e?i?ae?a i?e i?ia?anoaaii? noaeeiii? iaoieia??. 2. Aeey oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie oa?aeoa?i? ii?ooaiiy ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae o?eaaeino? i?io?eaiiy caoai?thaaiiy: o ?aii? no?iee ae?aaaoo a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y, ye ee?oeiii?, oae ? aoii?aeueii? eaiie ?ioi?oaoo. Ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy o iaoe??io?a iinooiiai a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy caaaeueii? e?eueeino? O-e?ioioeeo?a, aeao?oeeo ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?, ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo A- e?ioioeeo?a oa oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a. I?e ia?inoaii? ii?ooaiue ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? aeinoia??ii ca?eueoo?oueny ae?aaeai?noue noaeeiii? iaoieia??. 3. I?e?ioee?eoeyoi?i? ii?ooaiiy a ae?eyioe? aii?eie ? nooii?a o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao noi?iaiaeaeothoueny nooo?aeie ci?iaie a cai?oaeuei?e nenoai? e?ia?, ui i?iyaey?oueny a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??th: ciaioo?oueny /an cai?oaiiy e?ia?, /an ?aeaeueoeeo?eaoe?? ieacie oa ca?eueoo?oueny i?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen ? e?euee?noue o?a?eiiaaio; /an oiea?aioiino? ieacie aei aaia?eio ciaioo?oueny. 4. Noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao caeaaeaoue a?ae noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. I?e aeiee?i?/i?e noaae?? aia?iiao?e ci?ie oi?eathoueny oiiono a?oa??aeueieo ? aaiicieo noaeei. O oai?eo c ooieoe?iiaeueiith noaae??th ii?yae ?c ci?iaie oiiono noaeei ? ciaioaiiyi oaeaeeino? i?eoieo ? a?aeoieo e?ia? aeyaey?oueny cieaeaiiy ia’?iiiai e?iaiieeio oa ?ioaineaiino? e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?eyiee. I?e i?aai?/i?e noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie aeacai? ci?ie iiaeeaeththoueny; i?aeaeuaiiy noaeeiiiai oiiono oa ao?aoa aeanoe/iino? noaeeiii? no?iee aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaiiy ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o, cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? i?eoieo ? a?aeoieo e?ia? oa cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? e?iaiiinoa/aiiy ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. Aeacai? ci?ie a?eueoa ae?aaeaii? a nooiiyo i?ae o aii?eeao. 5. ?ioii? ii?ooaiiy, aeoeaaoe?y ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy ? cieaeaiiy aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo, ci?ie a nenoai? aaiieiaaoeyoe?? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee - aca?iiiia’ycai? eaiee ?icaeoeo ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ae?aaeai?noue oeeo ii?ooaiue aecia/a? ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/i? noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ui iaa?oioiao? canoinoaaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo iaoiae?a ?o e?eoaaiiy. 6. O oai?eo c aeiee?i?/iith ? ooieoe?iiaeueiith noaae?yie ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie a?eueo ae?aaeaiee ee?i?/iee aoaeo niinoa??aa?oueny i?e canoinoaaii? i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai??. I?e i?aai?/i?e noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie iaea?eueoo aoaeoeai?noue ni?aaeyee iaai?oi-eaca?ia oa?ai?y oa ?? ii?aeiaiiy c aaeaeaoii, ye? iie?auoaaee ia?eoa?e/io aaiiaeeiai?eo, i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?th a ieaei?o e?ioe?aeao, i?ioeane ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie caoenoo, ?ioiio ?aaeoeai?noue, aaii?aieia?th oa e?i?aeia?aio o oaeeo iaoe??io?a. 7. O oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao ?c ci?iaie a e?i?aeiiio iai?i? ? ii?ooaiiyie i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a aeeth/aiiy aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai e?eoaaiiy aioaaii?noa eaeueoe?th aaeaeaoo i?ieiiaiaaii? ae?? i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ae?aaeaiino? ee?i?/ii? neiioiiaoeee ca ?aooiie cia/iiai iie?auaiiy aaiiaeeiai?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, iiceoeaiiai aieeao ia e?i?aeia?aio ?c cieaeaiiyi a e?ia? aoa?iaaieo oa ca?eueoaiiyi aioeaoa?iaaiieo e?iii?ioa?ae?a oa aioeieneaeaioii? ae??. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeai? aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iaoiaeeee e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie aaeaeaaoi? noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e, ae?aaeaiino? ci?i ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino?, i?ioean?a a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, nenoaie aaiinoaco ? noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. 1. I?e?ioaeeueiaa ?aciiainia oa?ai?y iieacaia oai?ei ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c ? oa ?? noaae?yie ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ia ?aii?o aoaiao caoai?thaaiiy (aei 1 ?ieo), o yeeo niinoa??aa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y ?ioii?aaeoeaiino?, aac yaieo ci?i a e?i?aeiiio iai?i? oa ii?ooaiue aaiinoaco. Iioeiaeueia iaoiaeeea i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai??: ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo “Aeaeo?ii?ea IA*-102” ae?yoe ia a?ieia?/iiaeoeai? oi/ee caaaeueii? ae??: A36, GI4, J22, J16; i?noeaai? ae??: F2, F3, RP6, VB37. Oaeeueia?ae ?ici?uaoe ia a?aenoai? 3-5 ii iaae oe??ith. Naain iiaeiai aeeth/aoe ii?ii?iaiiy 2-4-o (ia?ieo) oi/ie ia i?ioyc? 15 oaeeei, uiaeaiii. Eo?n e?eoaaiiy aeeth/a? 10 naain?a. 2. Eiia?iiaaia iaai?oi-eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy o eiiieaen? c iaaeeeaiaioiciith oa?ai??th iieacaia oai?ei ia ?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ooieoe?iiaeueii? oa i?aai?/ii? noaae?e, i?e ae?aaeaieo ci?iao o e?i?aeiiio iai?i?, ci?iaieie iieacieeaie IIE ? yaeuaie a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??, cieaeaiith ?ioiiith ?aaeoeai?noth, cia/ieie ii?ooaiiyie ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. Iioeiaeueia iaoiaeeea iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai??: ca aeiiiiiaith iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaai?oi-eaca?a “Eo/-2” ?io?a/a?aiiiai niaeo?o c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,85iei, u?euei?noth iioieo iiooaeiino? 25iAo/ni2, iino?eiei iaai?oiei iieai c ?iaeoeoe??th 25 iOe aieeaaoe ia eoa?oaeueio aaio ? a?oa??th o?eaae?noth 15 oaeeei. Eo?n noaiiaeoue 5-7 naain?a, /a?ac aeaiue. O a?euei? aei? i?iaiaeeoe eaca?iioieoo?o. O?eaae?noue ae?? ia oi/eo 60 nae. O?eaae?noue naaino aei 10 oaeeei a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eueeino? oi/ie. ?aoeaioe aeoeaieo oi/ie caaaeueii? ae??: GI4, E36; i?noeaai? ae??: V40,V59, VB39, VB40, RP3, RP6, F2, F3, R1. 3. Aioaaii?no eaeueoe?th aaeaeao i?ieiiaiaaii? ae?? o aeic? 20 ia/ aeiao ca 1 i?eeii aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe o eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ?COeAe c aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ?? noaae?? ?c ci?iaie a e?i?aeiiio iai?i? ? ii?ooaiiyie ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. 4. Aeey ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? a ieaei?o e?ioe?aeao aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe oa?iia?ao?/iee “oieiaeiaee” oano c aecia/aiiyi ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e aeine?aeaeoaaii? ae?eyiee ? /anii a?aeiiaeaiiy ?? aei ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy, yea a ii?i? noaiiaeoue 20-25 oaeeei. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. E?eoaaeueiee ?oaeo iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie (Ni?aaao. I.?.Oaaae) //E?ea?.ni?aaa.–1996.- ?11-12.–N.155-158. 2. Ea/aiea aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae iooai i?eiaiaiey eiiaeie?iaaiiie iaaieoi-eaca?iie oa?aiee //Neae?neee iaaeeoeeineee aeo?iae.-E?eoone,1997.-?1-2.-N.39-40. 3. Iaoiaaiaoe/i? aniaeoe oi?ioaaiiy ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e (Ni?aaao. I.?.Oaaae, ?.A.AEoeeaae/) //A?niee iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue.-1998.-?1-2.- N.56-58. 4. Ae?aaiinoe/i? iiaeeeaino? oa?iia?ao?? o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie i?e?iaia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie //Aiaeie?eiieia?y.-1998.-O.3,?2.-N.233-235. 5. Aieea iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? ia ia?aiao?e aaiinoaco oa ?ioiii? ?aaeoeaiino? o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie i?e?iaia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie //Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aioo??oiuei? iaoieia?? oa i?ney aeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee e?ea??a-oa?aiaao?a: Ca??iee noaoae.-Ee?a,1996.-N.141-144. 6. E?eoaaeueia ae?y iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai?? o oai?eo c ae?aaaoe/ieie aia?iiao?yie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie (Ni?aaao. I.?.Oaaae, I.I.O?ai/oe) //Caeiaooee ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoa??aee eiio.-Oa?iii?eue,1996.-N.98-102. 7. Iniaeeaino? ?ioiia?aie o oai?eo ia ?inoe?iicaeaaeiee oeoe?iaee ae?aaao c aia?iiao?yie a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa ?o ei?aeoe?y //Caeiaooee ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoa??aee eiio.-Oa?iii?eue,1997.-N.90-92. 8. Aei ieoaiiy iaoiaaiaco ? e?eoaaiiy i?e?iaia?iiao?e o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee ae?aaao (Ni?aaao. I.?.Oaaae) // Aeinyaiaiiy ? ia?niaeoeae ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoa??aee eiio.-Oa?iii?eue,1995.-N. 169-170. 9. EA*-oa?ai?y a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e (Ni?aaao. I.A.Aieei,I.I.O?ai/oe, N.I.Aeaiyiaiei)// Aeinyaiaiiy ? ia?niaeoeae ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaaeeoeeie: Iaoa??aee eiio.-Oa?iii?eue,1995.-N.16-17. AIIOAOe?ss Aeoaei?e Aeea Ieeei?aia. Ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/i? noaae?? ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie: ?o ae?aaiinoeea ? e?eoaaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y ia iiooeaiiy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.14. -aiaeie?eiieia?y, ?inoeooo aiaeie?eiieia?? oa iai?io ?a/iaei ?i.A.I.Eii?na?aiea AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Caoeua?oueny 9 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o ? 2 ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??, ye? i?noyoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii aea/aiith ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/ieo noaae?e i?io?eaiiy ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai canoinoaaiiy e?eoaaeueieo eiiieaen?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniaeeainoae i?io?eaiiy iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Anoaiiaeaii, ui nooo?aeie iaoai?ciaie i?ia?anoaaiiy ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ? ii?ooaiiy a nenoai? ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ?ioiiiio noaoon?, aaiinoac? ? ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiioee?eoeyoe??. Aeaiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeea?noue ei?aeoe?? aeacaieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie canoinoaaiiyi aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th, iaai?oi-eaca?ii? oa?ai??, ?o ii?aeiaiiai canoinoaaiiy, a oaeiae i?e?ioaeeueiai? ?aciiainii? oa?ai?? ia oii? oeoe?icieaeoth/i? oa?ai??. Canoiniaai? eiiieaene iioaioe?ththoue ae?th caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai e?eoaaiiy oeyoii ?ioii?aaoeyoe??, ii?iae?caoe?? ieenii-a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a ? e?ea?aeaoe?? aaiioee?eoeyoi?ieo ii?ooaiue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, ae?aaaoe/i? aia?iiao??, iaai?oi-eaca?ia oa?ai?y, i?e?ioaeeueiaa ?aciiainia oa?ai?y, aioaaii?noe eaeueoe?th. AIIOAOeEss Aeoaeiee Aeea Oeeeiiiaia. Eeeieei-iaoiaaiaoe/aneea noaaeee aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae: eo aeeaaiinoeea e ea/aiea. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.14 - yiaeie?eiieiaey, Einoeooo yiaeie?eiieiaee e iaiaia aauanoa ei.A.I.Eiiena?aiea AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Caueuaaony 9 iao/iuo ?aaio e 2 ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiey, niaea?aeaueo ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee ii eco/aieth eeeieei-iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo noaaeee oa/aiey aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae e aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai i?eiaiaiey ea/aaiuo eiiieaenia a caaeneiinoe io iniaaiiinoae oa/aiey iaoieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a iaoiaaiaca aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae ii?aaeaeaiioth ?ieue ea?atho ia?ooaiey eeieaeiiai iaiaia e niioiioaiea ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia e aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou, ia /oi oeacuaaao oaaee/aiea o?iaiy i?iaeoeoia eeiiia?ieneaeaoeee e o?aeoeee aoa?iaaiiuo eeieaeia i?e i?ia?anne?iaaiee ninoaeenoie iaoieiaee, a oaeaea ianooiaao enoiuaiea aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou i?e oaaee/aiee noaaeee aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae. Aeey aieueiuo einoeeiicaaeneiui naoa?iui aeeaaaoii n aiaeiiaoeyie ieaeieo eiia/iinoae oa?aeoa?iu ia?ooaiey eiioiiie ?aaeoeaiinoe, eioi?ua caaenyo io aeeeoaeueiinoe caaieaaaiey: a ?aiiea n?iee aeeaaaoa ioia/aaony aeoeaaoeey, eae eeaoi/iiai, oae e aoii?aeueiiai caaiueaa eiioieoaoa. I?e oaaee/aiee aeeeoaeueiinoe caaieaaaiey aieueoa aiaea o iaoeeaioia ioia/aaony aeinoiaa?iia oiaiueoaiea iauaai eiee/anoaa O-eeioioeeoia, aeaoeoeeo eo ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe, oaaee/aiea niaea?aeaiey A-eeioioeeoia e oee?eoee?othueo eiioiiuo eiiieaenia. I?e ia?anoaiee ia?ooaiee eiioiiie ?aaeoeaiinoe aeinoiaa?ii oaaee/eaaaony au?aaeaiiinoue ninoaeenoie iaoieiaee. Noaaeee aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae caaenyo io ninoiyiey ia?eoa?e/aneie aaiiaeeiaieee. I?e aeieeeie/aneie noaaeee aiaeiiaoee eciaiaiey eanathony oiiona a?oa?eaeueiuo e aaiiciuo ninoaeia. O aieueiuo n ooieoeeiiaeueiie noaaeeae ia?yaeo n eciaiaieyie oiiona ninoaeia e oiaiueoaieai nei?inoe i?eoiea e iooiea e?iae ii?aaeaeyaony nieaeaiea iauaiiiai e?iaioiea e eioaineaiinoe e?iaaiaiieiaiey enneaaeoaiie iaeanoe. I?e i?aaie/aneie noaaeee aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae oeacaiiua eciaiaiey onoaoaeythony: iiauoaiea ninoaeenoiai oiiona e iioa?y yeanoe/iinoe ninoaeenoie noaiee aucuaatho iiauoaiea ia?eoa?e/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey, nieaeaiea nei?inoe i?eoiea e iooiea e?iae e nieaeaiea eioaineaiinoe e?iaaiaiieiaiey ieaeieo eiia/iinoae. Oeacaiiua eciaiaiey aieueoa au?aaeaiu a noiiao, iaaeaee a aieaiyo. Iee?ioee?eoeyoi?iua ia?ooaiey a iaeanoe aieaiae e noii o aieueiuo naoa?iui aeeaaaoii nii?iaiaeaeathony nouanoaaiiuie eciaiaieyie a nenoaia naa?ouaaiey e?iae, /oi i?iyaeyaony aeia?eiaaoeyoeeae: oiaiueoaaony a?aiy naa?ouaaiey e?iae, a?aiy ?aeaeueoeeoeeaoeee ieaciu, oiea?aioiinoue ieaciu e aaia?eio e oaaee/eaaaony i?io?iiaeiiaue eiaeaen e eiee/anoai oea?eiiaaia. Eiioiiua ia?ooaiey, aeoeaaoeey ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia e nieaeaiea aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou, eciaiaiey a nenoaia aaiieiaaoeyoeee – acaeiii naycaiiua caaiuey ?acaeoey aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae, au?aaeaiiinoue ioaeaeueiuo iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo iaoaieciia iaoneaaeeaaao noaaeeth aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae, /oi yaeyaony iniiaie i?eiaiaiey aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiuo iaoiaeia eo ea/aiey. Aeaiiui enneaaeiaaieai iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue ei??aeoeee oeacaiiuo iaoaieciia ?acaeoey aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae i?eiaiaieai aioaaiienoia eaeueoeey, iaaieoi-eaca?iie oa?aiee, eo ni/aoaiiiai i?eiaiaiey, a oae aea iee?iaieiiaie ?aciiainiie oa?aiee ia oiia naoa?inieaeathuaai ea/aiey. O aieueiuo n aeieeeie/aneie e ooieoeeiiaeueiie noaaeeyie aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae aunoay iieiaeeoaeueiay aeeiaieea eeeie/aneeo eciaiaiee iaaethaeaaony i?e i?eiaiaiee iee?iaieiiaie ?aciiainiie oa?aiee. I?e i?aaie/aneie noaaeee aeeaaaoe/aneeo aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae iaeaieueooth yooaeoeaiinoue i?iyaeytho eiiaeie?iaaiiia iaaieoi-eaca?iia iaeo/aiea e iaaieoi-eaca?iay oa?aiey a ni/aoaiee n aaeaeaoii, eioi?ua oeo/oatho ia?eoa?e/aneoth aaiiiaeeiaieeo, iee?ioee?eoeyoeeth a ieaeieo eiia/iinoyo, i?ioeannu ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia e aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou, eiioiioth ?aaeoeaiinoue, aaiii?aieiaeth e eeieaeia?aiio o oaeeo iaoeeaioia. O aieueiuo ECNAe n eciaiaieyie a eeieaeiii iaiaia e ia?ooaieyie i?ioeannia ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia aeiiieiaiea e iauai?eiyoiio ea/aieth aioaaiienoa eaeueoeey aaeaeaoa i?ieiiaiaaiiai aeaenoaey i?eaiaeeo e oiaiueoaieth au?aaeaiiinoe eeeie/aneie neiioiiaoeee ca n/ao cia/eoaeueiiai oeo/oaiey aaiiaeeiaie/aneiai iaania/aiey ieaeieo eiia/iinoae, iieiaeeoaeueiiai aeeyiey ia eeieaeia?aiio ni nieaeaieai a e?iae aoa?iaaiiuo e oaaee/aieai aioeaoa?iaaiiuo eeiii?ioaeaeia e aioeieneaeaioiiai aeaenoaey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: naoa?iue aeeaaao, aeeaaaoe/aneea aiaeiiaoee, iaaieoi-, iaaieoi-eaca?iay oa?aiey, iee?iaieiiaay ?aciiainiay oa?aiey, aioaaiienou eaeueoeey. ANNOTATION Dudnik A.F. Clinicopathogenetic stages of diabetic angiopathias of the lower limbs: their diagnostics and treatment. A dissertation to obtain the scientific degree of Candidate of Medical sciences in a speciality 14.01.14 - endocrinology , Institute Endocrinology and Metabolism named after V.P.Komisarenko (AMS, Ukraine) Kiev,1999. 9 scientific works and 2 rationalization proposals presented for defense include the results of observations regarding clinicopathogenetic stages of diabetic angiopathias of the lower limbs and differential applying therapeutic complexes depending on certain peculiarities of pathological processes. The investigation revealed the impairments in lipid peroxide oxidation system, immunology the status, hemostasis and regional hemodynamics. The data obtained enabled to substantiate the possibility of correcting the above said patogenetic mechanisms of developing diabetic angiopathias via calcium antagonists, magneto-laser therapy, their combination and as of microwave resonant therapy on the background of conventional therapy. This promotes the effect of conventional treatment due to immunoregulation, normalization of oxidation-reduction processes and elimination of hemocirculatory disturbances. Key words: diabetes millitus, diabetic angiopaty, magneto-lazer therapy, microwave resonance therapy, calcium antagonists.

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