?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

OAA*OE IAOAE?ss IE?II?AIA

OAeE:616.594.141-0.71-0.8..504.2 /477.85/

EE?I?EI-IA?AEE?I?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA A?AeAeAEAIEO

?ACOEUeOAO?A “O?I?*II? AECIAAIII? ?IOIENEEAOe??”

— iaae?ao??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeoooo
iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai IIC Oe?a?ie, i.*a?i?aoe?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aac?oeia Eaii?ae
Ieaen?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeeoy/eo oai?ia ?1
Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?aoianueeee Ie?ii
Eaca?aae/ — caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee eaai?aoi???
iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia?? ? ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia?? ?inoeoooo Iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aa?aaeiee Ay/aneaa Aieiaeeie?iae/ —
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?2 Ee?anueei? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aeeoy/eo oai?ia ?2, IIC Oe?a?ie
i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 14 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.553.01 ?c caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiinoyi “Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y” i?e ?inoeooo?
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai,8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252020, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai,8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 19 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aaaaoi/enaeuei? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e
na?ae/aoue i?i ??no caoai?thaaiino? ae?oae i?e iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao
aeiae?eey [Aaa?eia A.E. e ae?., 1992 ., Eoe`yiiaa I.I., 1993.,
Bertazze P.A. et al., 1989., Bullinger M., 1989., Hoqan M.D.,
ct. al., 1990], no?oeoo?a yei? neeaaea?oueny ?c aaea a?aeiieo
iicieia?/i?eo oi?i [Iiaeeiaa A.I.1991,, Coaa?aiei I.A., 1993.,
Eooi?? ?.A., 1994., Aoeaoiaa A.I., 1994., Philip-Joet F.,1990.,
Helfenstein U. et al., 1991?]. ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie e?eoaaiiy oa
i?io?eaeoeee aeicaeaaeieo caoai?thaaiue aacothoueny ye ia i?eioeeiao
i?aeaeuaiiy ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aei ae?? enaiia?ioee?a, oae ?
e?eoaaiiy aaea a?aeiieo iicieia?e [Oa?aoianueeee I.E.,1985., Aeaieniaa
I.O., 1993., Aeiioeiaa E.I., 1993., Coaa?aiei I.A., Kashimoto
T., 1989., Numan I.T., 1990., Packer L., 1991]. Aea a inoaii?e
/an a?aei?/aii iiyao iiaeo, iaa?aeiieo ?ai?oa
caoai?thaaiue

[ AIIC, AEaiaaa, 1992., Aaeueoeuaa TH.A.,1993], i?eeeaaeii yeeo
iiaea aooe “o?i?/ia ?ioieneeaoe?eia aeiiaoe?y” — “O?A” (yea ca
i?noeai ?? i?iyao oiiaii iacaaia “*a?i?aaoeueea o?i?/ia oai?iaa”-
“*OO”) [Ca?a?ii Ae.Ae.,1998]. I?e/eia ?? aeieeiaiiy aei
nueiaiaei?oiueiai aeiy caeeoa?oueny iaa?aeiiith [Oaoi/aiei
A.E.,1992., Eieineiaa I.E., 1995], a iane?aeee ua iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/ai?. Oi?eaeuei?noue oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy iaoiiaeea aeioe?euei?noue
iiaoaeiae e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, aeei?enoiaoth/e
i?eioeeie i???ioaoe?? ia oai?iao [AIIC AEaiaaa, 1990], c a?aooaaiiyi
?acoeueoao?a ee?i?/iiai aoaiiiai ianoaaeaiiy.

Aeoiaey/e c aeuaaeacaiiai, iaie i?iaaaeaii aaaaoi??/ia
eaoaiianoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee “*OO” c
iaoith ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oe??th
a?oiith ae?oae, ui iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii aeey e?eoaaiiy iiae?aieo
caoai?thaaiue [AIIC, AEaiaaa,1992].

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeiiaia a iaaeao eiiieaenieo oai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai (IAe? IAI) IIC Oe?a?ie “ Eiiieaenia
ee?i?ei-a?a??i?/ia ioe?iea aeieia?/ii caeaaeii? iaoieia?? ia i?eeeaae?
?ioieneeaoe?eii? oa ina?aaeeiai? aeiiaoe?? o ae?oae i.*a?i?aoe? oa
iaeano?” (iiia? ?a?no?aoe?? 0193UO17668) oa “?ic?iaea eiioeaioe??
aeieia?/ii caeaaeii? iaoieia?? o ae?oae” (iiia? ?a?no?aoe??
?A01000019?), a oaeiae eiiieaenii? oaie Aoeiaeinueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? “Anaa?/ia aea/aiiy “o?i?/ii? ?ioieneeaoe?? c
neiae?iiii oioaeueii? aeiiaoe?? o ae?oae i.*a?i?aoe?” (iiia?
?a?no?aoe?? 0193UO41961).

Iaoa ?iaioe: oaeineiiaeaiiy aoaiieo e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo
caoiae?a ia iniia? aaaaoi??/iiai ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao
ca ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee “*a?i?aaoeueeo o?i?/io oai?iao”.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai aiae?co c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeiaaio?eaaeiai ee?i?/iiai iii?oi??iao noaio nenoai oa i?aai?a, ui
caciaee iaea?eueo ae?aaeaieo iioeiaeaeaiue, aeyaeoe ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/i?
iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao «*OO» a aino?iio ia??iae? caoai?thaaiiy.

2. A i?ioean? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aecia/eoe ?ecee o?aaeaiiy
i?aai?a aeeoaiiy aaiaoia?e?a?ii? oa aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoai,
iieaciee?a ?ioiieia?/iiai noaio ? aeoeaiino? nenoaie IIE/AINC.

3. Aeoiaey/e ?c ?acoeueoao?a eiiieaeniiai ianoaaeaiiy ?ic?iaeoe
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee c iine?aeoth/ith ioe?ieith ?o
aoaeoeaiino? oa aoaiiith ei?aeoe??th.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aea/aii iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao “o?i?/ii?
aeciaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??” a i?ioean? aaaaoi??/iiai aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee oea caoai?thaaiiy.

A?aei?/aii, ui iaea?eueo /anoi iaoieia?/i? ci?ie o
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “OA?” ia aoaiao aeeniaina?ecaoe?? a?aei?/aeenue
c aieo i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, aaiaoia?e?a?ii?, aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai?
oa ?ioiii? nenoai, a oaeiae a nenoai? aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo.
Aeyaeaii, ui caoai?thaai?noue oa iioe?ai?noue aeacaii? iaoieia??
o ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee “*OO” ia an?o aoaiao aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy aoea aeua, i?ae a iiioeyoe?? ?o ?iaaniee?a.

Aia?oa ia iniia? aeiaaio?eaaeiai ee?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao ca
a?oiith ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a OA? aeyaeaii aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaiiai
e?eoaaiiy a aino?iio ia??iae? caoai?thaaiiy. I?e oeueiio
anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei a oeae ia??iae ?
canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno i?aia?ao?a — aeueoa- oieioa?ieo, oi?o?ieo,
anaioe?aea, aeoeaiaaiiai aoa?eey.

A?aoiaoth/e iiaoaeiaai? ia iniia? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co i?iaiinoe/i?
iiaeae? caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, aaiaoia?e?a?ii?, aaaaoaoeaii?
ia?aiai? nenoai, i?iaaaeai? a?aeiia?aei? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i?
caoiaee, ye? ioe?ithaaeenue oa ei?aaoaaeenue iiaoaiii a oiae?
aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Cai?iiiiiaaii a i?aeoeoe? e?ea??a —
iaae?ao??a aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeyaeai? oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie a ?ioiiiio
noaoon? (a?ae`?iiee ?aca?a i?e?ia?oeeaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a
a e?ia?) oa nenoaie IIE/AINC (oa?iaioe aeooao?iiiaiai oeeeeo
a?eo?ioeeo?a) ye niaoeeo?/i? iieacieee ?eceeo ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/ieo
i?iya?a o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO”.

Aeyaeaii, ui ?aeiiaaeanoeaioe “*OO” ? eiai?oith i?aeaeuaiiai
?eceeo o?ii?/ii? iaoieia??, yea ?icaeaa?oueny a iine?aeoth/iio
i?ney eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo oyaiiai aeaaiiieo//y, o ca`yceo c /ei
aiie i?aeeyaathoue niinoa?aaeaiith iaa?oue i?e a?aenooiino? o ieo
iaoieia?/ieo ci?i.

A?aeiia?aei? e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe
ye a aino?iio ia??iae? caoai?thaaiiy, oae ? ia aoaiao
?aaa?e?oaoe?? c a?aeiia?aeiith ei?aeoe??th ?o c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio ia
iaaeeeaiaioici? (aeia/ia?ii?, aaiaoii?ioaeoi?i?, a?oai?ii?,
?ioiiei?eaoth/? i?aia?aoe) oa iaiaaeeeaiaioici? (o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ia
e?eoaaiiy, o?oioa?ai?y, i?ia?aeuei? aiaee) caniae.

Ia i?eeeaae? oai?eo, ye? ia?aianee «OA?», anoaiiaeaii, ui c naieo ?aii?o
aoai?a oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy aeioe?eueiei ? i?ecia/aiiy eiiieaeno
i?aia?ao?a aioeieneaeaio?a, ni?aaio?a, oa aaiaoii?ioaeoi??a (oi?o?ieo,
aeueoa-oieioa?ieo, anaioe?aea, aeoeaiaaiiiai aoa?eey).

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o i?aeoeeo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii?
?iaioe iaeanii? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i? oa i?nueei? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i?
i.*a?i?aoe?, *a?i?aaoeueeiai iaeaniiai aeeoy/iai
?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o, iaeanii? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i?
i.Oaeai?iae, iaeanii? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i? i.Iaeana.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caaacia/ai? i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee ii
eiiieaeniiio aeeiiaiith ieaio aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee “*OO”. I?iaaaeaii eaoaiianoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
/anoioe caoai?thaaiiue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, aaiaoia?e?a?ii? oa
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o 90 ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” a
caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaiiai a aino?ee ia??iae caoai?thaaiiy
e?eoaaiiy. Aea/ai? aeai? eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/iiai
ianoaaeaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo ye a aino?ee ia??iae caoai?thaaiiy,
oae ? i?e ?oa?aeiiio ianoaaeaii? a 1992 ?ioe? oa a oiae?
aeeniaina?iiai iaaeyaeo. C iaoith aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a a aino?iio ia??iae? caoai?thaaiiy cae?eniaia
ioe?iea ci?i iieaciee?a eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio
iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? oa aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a nenoaie
aeooao?iio. I?iaiae?ciaai? aeai? uiaei iiaeeeaiai aieeao ia
c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? i?aai?a aeeoaiiy,
aaiaoia?e?a?ii? ? aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oe?aeeeaeo oiia
iaoeaiiy ae?oae (??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? a?oioo nieyie aaaeeeo
iaoae?a oa ?aae?iioee?ae?a). ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen
e?eoaaeueii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a o ae?oae ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO”
c caoai?thaaiiyie i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, ia?aiai? oa aaiaoia?e?a?ii?
nenoai, neeaaeai? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ieaie ?aaa?e?oaoe??, i?iaaaeaia
aoaiia ioe?iea ?o aoaeoeaiino?. Aeyaeaiee ca`ycie i?ae
oi?ioaaiiyie aiaieu o?ii?/ii? ?ioaeoe?? iiniaeioee, caoai?thaaiiyie
aaiaoia?e?a?iiai o?aeoo, aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oa noaiii
eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio iaeo?io?e?a oa aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie
a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia? oa iiaoaeiaai? i?iaiinoe/i? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
aeacaii? iaoieia??. Cae?eniaiee aiae?c an?o ?acoeueoao?a
aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ?o noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeai? ia
Ananithci?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c o/anoth ?iicaiieo
oao?aoe?a a i.*a?i?aoe? (1990), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? a
i.Oa?iiiie? (27-28 aeiaoiy 1992?.), ?O c’?cae? aeeoy/eo e?ea??a Oe?a?ie
a i.Iaeana (1993), i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? a i.*a?i?aoe? (1994),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, i?enay/aieo 120-??//th canioaaiiy
*a?i?aaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1995) oa 75-??//th
Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ioi?iie caei?ia`y
ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a a i. Oa?eia? (1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a aeaa?
“I?neyiiaa” iiiia?ao?? Ae.Ae.Ca?a?ii oa A.I.Na?aethea “*a?i?aaoeueea
o?i?/ia oai?iaa” (Euea?a, 1998), 4 noaooyo oa 9 oacao.

Ia’i oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iienaiiy iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, 2 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy
io?eiaieo aeaieo, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa
iieacieea e?oa?aoo?e. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 229 noi??ieao
eiii`thoa?iiai ae?oeo, ?ethno?iaaia 45 oaaeeoeyie oa 9 iaethieaie,
ye? caeiathoue 15 noi??iie. A?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 290 e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, ye? caeiathoue 29 noi??iie, ?c ieo 101 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?i oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. C 1988 ii 1996 ??. aeeth/ii
i?iaaaeaiee ee?i?/iee iii?oi?eia ca noaiii caei?ia`y 90 ae?oae,
ye? ainaie 1988 ?. ia?aianee iaa?aeiia caoai?thaaiiy, ui
iai?oanooaaei ?aioiaith aeeoociith aeiiaoe??th, ineoiiaa?ieia?/ieie
?iceaaeaie, eaoa?aeueieie ci?iaie aa?oi?o aeeoaeueieo oeyo?a, yea
oiiaii iacaaii “o?i?/iith aeciaaiiith ?ioieneeaoe??th” («OA?”)
aai, ca i?noeai i?iyao, “*a?i?aaoeueeith o?i?/iith oai?iaith “.
Aoaeoeai?noue aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ioe?ithaaeanue iiaoaiii
a oiiaii aeae?eai? ia??iaee — aino?ee ia??iae (c iiiaioo i?iyao
“*OO” aei a?aeiiaeaiiy ?inoo aieinny), a?aeiiaethth/ee ia??iae
(1989-1991), iiaeeaeaiiai ?oa?aeiiai ianoaaeaiiy (1992?.), ca
?acoeueoaoaie yeiai aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai?
e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee, aoaiia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? oeeo
caoiae?a i?iaiaeeeanue a 1994 ?., a caeeth/ia — a 1996 ?. I?e
oeueiio canoiniaoaaee iaoiae “aeiaaeie-eiio?ieue” ?c aeio?eiaiiyi
iniiaieo i?aaee aeiaaeeiai? aea??ee i?e oi?ioaaii? a?oi (?o
ni?anoaaeai?noue, i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaiiy a iaeei ? oie aea /an,
iaeiicia/iinoue e?eoa???a caoai?thaaiiy, e?eoaaiiy oa eiai
aoaeoeaiino? [R.N. Fletcher et al., 1982]).

Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui a aino?ee ia??iae “*OO” oai??
io?eioaaee ??ci? aa??aioe e?eoaaiiy, aoei noi?iiaaii 2 ee?i?/i?
a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy,. Ia?oo a?oio noi?ioaaee 80 ae?oae, ye? a
aino?ee ia??iae “*OO” io?eioaaee aacenia e?eoaaiiy oa eiiieaen
i?aia?ao?a: anaioe?aea, oi?o?ie, aeueoa-oieioa?ie, aeoeaiaaia
aoa?eey). Aei ?? a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy oa?eoee 10 oai?eo, yeei a
oeae aea ae ia??iae /ano aoei i?ecia/aii o?eueee “aacenia
e?eoaaiiy” (i?aai?caoe?y a?aeiia?aeiiai ?aaeeio ae??oioa?/oaaiiy,
iie?a?oai?ii? i?aia?aoe). Aoei a?aoiaaii, ui ? ee?i?/ia a?oia
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” a neeo ??cieo ianoaaei ca oa?aeoa?ii
e?eoaaiiy aoea iaiaeii??aeiith, oae ye 33 ?? i?aaenoaaieea
io?eiaee aanue eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a (?A i?aea?oia — “eiiieaen”),
16 oai?ei ?c canoiniaoaaee o?eueee anaioe?aea (?A i?aea?oia —
“anaioe?aea”), a 31 aeeoeia io?eioaaea oi?o?ie (?A i?aea?oia —
“oi?o?ie”).

Eiio?ieueieie ii a?aeiioaiith aei eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a
ianoaaeaiiy oa ??aith caoai?thaaiino? aoee: a aino?iio ia??iae?
caoai?thaaiiy a 1988 ?. 52 i?aeoe/ii caei?ia? aeeoeie “Aoaeeieo
aeeoeie” i.*a?i?aoe?, a 1992 ?. — aeoiaaioe? aeeoy/eo
aeioe?eueieo onoaiia i?noa (1545 /ie.). a oaeiae 30 o/i?a
ia?oiai eeano oeiee-?ioa?iaoo aeey ne??o i.*a?i?aoe?, a i?e
ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a (1994,1996??.) —
o/i? iaei??? ?c na?aaei?o oe?e i. *a?i?aoe? (1536 /ieia?e).

Aoea cae?eniaia eiiieaenia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeieia?/iiai noaio
i?noeue i?iaeeaaiiy ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” c ioe?ieith ai?noo
nieae aaaeeeo iaoae?a oa ?aae?iioee?ae?a a iia?o??, a?oio? oa
aiae?.

Ii?yae ?c caaaeueiiee?i?/ieie aeei?enoiaoaaee ianooii? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy: a) ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy: oano iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia? c i?o?inei?i oa?acie??i (INO-oano) o niiioaiiiio oa
noeioeueiaaiiio aa??aioao ca iaoiaeii Park B.H. et al.(1968) o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? Eeeiiaa A.A. oa ni?aaao.(1968); oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue
oa oaaioeeoa?ia /enei iaeo?io?euei?a e?ia? aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii
*a?iooaiei E.O.,Eiainiai? E.N. (1978); ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie ne?iaaoee e?ia?
eean?a G,M,A — ca Mancini G. et al.; A-?OE oa AAN-?OE — ca iaoiaeii
Jondal M. et al.,(1972) a iiaeeo?eaoe?? *a?iooaiei A.O. oa ni?aaao.
(1978); A-?OI-ca iaoiaeii Eiiao?ia I.A. ? ni?aaao.(1983); AAN-?OI — ca
Iao?iaei ?.A. oa ni?aaao. (1980); aecia/aiiy /ooeeaino? O-e?ioioeeo?a
aei oaio?e?io — ca Limatibul S. (1978); a) aecia/aiiy iieaciee?a
ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (IIE) ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa aeooao?iiiai?
nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a e?ia?. ??aaiue iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA) o
ieaci? e?ia? aecia/aee ca iioe/iei oanoii Aa?ao?aa o iiaeeo?eaoe??
Aiae?a?ai? E.?. (1988); ai?no a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio (GL-SH) o
a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia? — ca iaoiaeii O?aa?ii? I.A.(1955); aeoeaiino?
aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace (AI) o a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia? aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii
Ii?ia A.I. (1986); aeoeai?noue aeooao?ii-S-o?ainoa?ace (GL-S-T) o
a?eo?ioeeoao e?ia? — ca iaoiaeii Habig W.H.(1974); a) a?io?i?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaaaeaii ia a?io?i?/iiio aiae?caoi?? “Ultra”
o??ie Kone (O?ieyiae?y), ?aaeoeae o??ie; a) ooieoe?iiaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy: niiia?ao?/ia ianoaaeaiiy i?aai?a /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie,
na/iaeae?eaiiy oa ueoiiiae?aii? caeice i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao?
“ALOCA-SSD-630” c eiiaaeniei ciiaeii ia 3,5 iAoe oa iaoai?/iei ciiaeii
ia 7,5iAoe; ae) oiion aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie aecia/aee ca
aaeueiith nenoaiith Aaeia A.I. oa ni?aaao. (1981)

Iaoaiaoe/iee aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeany c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?ai aeey IE-54 (Eaaiia TH.E., 1993] oa iaeaoo
i?ia?ai “Statgraf” [A?eai?ueaa N.A., 1978] ia?aiao?e/ieie oa
iaia?aiao?e/ieie iaoiaeaie noaoenoeee ia eiii`thoa?? oeio ?AI, c
o?aooaaiiyi iaoiae?a ee?i?/ii? ai?aeai?ieia?? [ Fletcher
R.H.,1982].

?ACOEUeOAOE INIAENOEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss.

Aoea aenoiooa aeoiea, ui i?iaaaeaia a aino?ee ia??iae
“*OO” e?eoaaiiy iaei iaaiee aieea ia ia?aa?a oeueiai
caoai?thaaiiy aai eiai oneeaaeiaiue oa ?icaeoie ??ciiiai?oieo
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a a?eueo i?ciueiio ia??iae? niinoa?aaeaiiy.
Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai i?eiouaiiy aoee aea/ai? iniaeeaino?
caoai?thaaiino? ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” ia an?o aoaiao
aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — ?iciianthaeaeai?noue iniiaieo caoai?thaaiue na?aae
?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” o 1988-1996 ??. (%)

Iicieia?/i? oi?ie *anoioa aeiaaee?a (%)

?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy

1988 1989 1992 1994 1996

Aeeoociee cia (aeeoociee aiaeai?/iee cia, iiaycaiee c eiaeiith
iaaeinoaoi?noth -A 01.0) 1,1 5,5(3,8 16,6(3,9
22,2(4,4 27,7(4,7

ANAe (niiaoioi?ii? ?iceaaee F-45) 3,3(1,9 11,1( 3,3 38,9(5,1
20,0(4,2 17,7( 4,0

Anoaiiiaa?ioe/iee noai (iaa?anoai?y F-48) — 11,1( 3,3
3,6(2,2 8,9(3,0 6,6(2,6

O?ii?/iee oiicee?o (J-35) 13,3(3,5 12,2(3,4 18,8(4,1
20,0(4,2 13,3(3,5

Aaeaii?aei? aaaaoaoe?? (J-35.8) 12,2(3,4 20,0(4,2
24,4(4,5 23,3(4,4 13,3(3,5

*OO (a?iio?o, ia ooi/iaiee ye aino?ee aai o?ii?/iee J-40) 2,2( 1,6
10,0(3,1 8,9(3,0 2,3(1,6 —

Anoia ( J-45) 1,1 2,2 5,6(2,4 4,4(2,1

O?ii?/iee aano?iaeoiaeai?o (E 79.1) 6,8(2,6 6,8(2,6
3,3(1,9 6,6(2,9 10,0(3,1

O?ii?/iee oieaoeenoeo (E — 81.1) 23,3(4,5 28,8(4,7 38,8(5,1
33,3(4,9 36,6 (5,1

Aeene?iac?y aeia/iaea?ae. oeyo?a (E82.8) 6,6(2,2 8,0(4,7
14,4(1,5 33,3(4,9 36,6(5,1

Niaoeeo?/iee ?aaeoeaiee aaiaoeo (E-75.2) 6,8(2,6 6,8(2,6
6,8(2,6 — —

Ooieoe?iiaeueia caoai?th-aaiiy oeoieo (a?eue, eieae?ciaaiee o aa?oi?e
/anoei? aeeaioa E-10.1) 6,8(2,6 6,8(2,6 6,8(2,6
7,8(2,8 4,4(2,2

Iaa?iciiiae?aiee noai (ia?aici?noue E-45.0) 7,8(2,8 33,3(4,9
33,3(4,9 5,6(2,4 5,6(2,4

I?ei?oea: a aeoaeeao aeacai? iacae caoai?thaaiue ca?aeii IEO O
ia?aaeyaeo

A?aei?/aii, ui na?aae oai?eo ? a?oie niinoa?aaeaiiy o?ii?/iee
oieaoeenoioieaia?o aoa a iniiaiiio ca?a?no?iaaiee a 1988-1989 ??.
(32,5(5,2% niinoa?aaeoaaie), a na?aae oai?eo ?? a?oie — a 1990-1992??.
(50,0(18,9% aeiaaee?a).A ianooii? ?iee niinoa?aaeaiiy oey iaoieia?y iaea
oaiaeaioe?th aei caanaiiy aei 1994 ??. na?aae oai?eo an?o a?oi
niinoa?aaeaiiy, a o oai?eo ? a?oie niinoa?aeaiiy, o?ii?/iee
oieaoeenoioieaia?o ciaioeany iaeaea a 2 ?ace ii??aiyii c 1992?.
(23,7(4,8% oa 47,3(5,5% aeiaaee?a a?aeiia?aeii, ?oio<0,05). Iaea?eueo nooo?aa ciaioaiiy oe??? iaoieia?? a?aei?/aeinue na?aae oai?eo, ui canoiniaoaaee aanue eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a (a 4,5 ?ace, ?oio<0,002). A 1996 ?ioe? a?aei?/aii c?inoaiiy iioe?aiiino? oe??? iaoieia?? na?aae oai?eo an?o a?oi niinoa?aaeaiiy. Ca 8 ?ie?a ee?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao (1996 ?.) a a?oi?. oai?eo, ye? canoiniaoaaee anaioe?aea, iioe?ai?noue o?ii?/iiai oieaoeenoioieaia?oo iaea aeayeo oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy (20,0(10,3% aeiaaee?a), i?ioa ii??aiyii c 1992 ?. aaniethoiee i?e??no oe??? iaoieia?? a oe?e a?oi? oai?eo aoa a?ae’?iiei (-) 11,25%. A?aei?/aii, ui o an?o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO ye a ?aii?e a?aeiiaethth/ee ia??iae, oae ? a oiae? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy yaeu aaiaoioeeoie?co ia a?aei?/aii: ??aaiue iniiaieo ?iaeeeaoi?ieo oa?iaio?a AnAO oa AeAO ia ia?aaeuoaaa eiio?ieueieo iieaciee?a. Iciaee aeeni?ioa?iai?? o aeaeyae? iii??ii? a?iiaeueaoi?iai?? ai?iaeiaae 3-o ?ie?a niinoa?aaeaiiy aeyaeaii o 75% oai?eo ??a?., a oie /an ye na?aae oai?eo ? a?. ii?ooaiiy a?eieneioacoth/i? ooieoe?? ia/?iee a?aei?/aeinue ai?iaeiaae o?eueee 1 ?ieo c iiiaioo iai?oanoaoe?? *OO o?eueee i?e canoinoaaii? anaioe?aea ( 51,3(4,7% oai?eo). I?iaaaeaia aeiaaio?eaaea eaoaiianoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy iieacaei, ui, a?aei?/a?oueny /?oea oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy iioe?aiiino? o?ii?/iiai aaeaiioiicee?oo c 1994 ?. o an?o a?oiao niinoa?aaeoaaieo, iniaeeai i?e canoinoaaii? anueiai eiiieaeno ia?ia?ao?a (? a?oia niinoa?aaeaiiy). A?aeiiniee ?ecee a?oie /anoi oa o?eaaei oai??th/eo ae?oae, ye? a aino?ee ia??iae caoai?thaaiiy i?eeiaee o?eueee aacenia e?eoaaiiy, ii a?aeiioaiith aei ae?oae, ui canoiniaoaaee eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a, iaa oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy o?eueee aei 1992 ?ieo (1990 ?. - 1,4 ?ace, 1991 ?. - 8,1 ?ace, 1992 ?. - 5,1 ?ace, 1994 ?. -1,2 ?ace), eiee e?euee?noue oaeeo oai?eo a a?oiao ii??aiyiiy ciaioeeanue a 2 ?ace, a a 1994-96 ??. oea aoee iiiaeeiie? oai?? ?c o?ii?/ieie aiaieuaie ?ioaeoe?? iiniaeioee. ??no aaaaoinoaeeiieo aeenoii?e (ANAe) o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO ia caeaaeaa a?ae canoiniaaiiai a aino?ee ia??iae *OO e?eoaaiiy (1992 ?.: ? a?oia - 42,2(2,7%, ?? a?oia 10%; 1994 ?.: ? a?oia -21,3(4,6%, ?? a?oia - 10%: 1996 ?.: ? a?oia - 18,2(4,4% ?? a?oia - 20,0(12,6%), i?ioa a?aei?/aia oaiaeaioe?y aei caanaiiy oe??? iaoieia?? na?aae oai?eo ? a?oie. Oaeei /eiii, aeai? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aenoiooo a?iioaco uiaei aieeao e?eoaaiiy, canoiniaaiiai a aino?ee ia??iae “O?A”, ia ia?aa?a oeueiai oi?eaeueiiai caoai?thaaiiy oa iiaeeea? eiai iane?aeee. Anoaiiaeaii iiceoeaiee aoaeo canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno (oi?o?ie, aeueoa-oieioa?ie, aeoeaiaaia aoa?eey, anaioe?aea). A?aei?/aii iiceoeaiee aieea oi?o?ieo ia a?eieneioacoth/o ooieoe?th ia/?iee. Caoai?thaaii?noue o?ii?/iei oieaoeenoioieaia?oii oa aaeaiioiicee?oii ia iaee iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee i?e aeei?enoaii? o?eueee aaceniiai e?eoaaiiy. Ianooiiei i?eiouaiiyi o aea/aii? iniaeeainoae “*OO “ aoea aeoiea i?i oa, ui a oiae? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aecia/aoeiooueny ii?ooaiiy a niaoeeo?/ieo oa ianiaoeeo?/ieo nenoaiao ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio, ui ? aecia/aoeia iaoieia?/i? ci?ie a iniiaiiio c aieo oeo i?aai?a oa nenoai, ye? aeyaeeenue iaea?eueo ?aieieio ii a?aeiioaiith aei a?iioaoe/iiai enaiia?ioeeo. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oeueiai o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” aea/aeenue iieacieee nenoaie IIE/AINC oa ?ioiiiai aiiainoaco - oi?aa?naeueieo oa nooo?aeo iaoai?ci?a caoenoo a?ae aa?an?? enaiia?ioeeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue a ia??iae ?oa?aeiiai ianoaaeaiiy a 1992 ?ioe? iieacaee, a?aenooi?noue a?aei?iiinoae a ia?aa?c? i?ioean?a a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy (A?I) na?aae ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO”. A iieacieeao caaaeueiiee?i?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo aiae?c?a e?ia? nooo?aeo a?aei?iiinoae o ae?oae a?oi niinoa?aaeaiiy oaeiae ia niinoa??aaeinue. A aeooao?iiia?e nenoai? aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo a?aei?/aia aeaci?aai?caoe?y eiai iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a (oaaeeoey 2). Oaaeeoey 2 - Aeaye? iieacieee aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” (1992 ?.). A?oie niinoa-?aaeaiiy Iieacieee IAeA iiieue/ie AI iae/ie a?. ia oa. GL-SH ieiieue/a Ia GL-S-T -ieiieue/a Ia Ae-6-OAeA iae/ie oa. ? a?oia - 3,18(0,32* n=55 70,56(3,6* n=56 4,6(0,42* n=47 13,61(1,14* n=49 10,73(0,54* n=51 ?? a?oia 3.09(0,5* n=8 63,6(11,5* n=7 5,5(0,52* n=6 15,06(1,7* n=6 10,51(1,39* n=6 Eiio-?ieue 4.02(0,9 n=19 432,8(105,8 n=20 7,33(0,99 n=20 22,74(2,4 n=21 7,22(0,63 n=21 I?ei?oea: * - aeinoia??ii ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai (Pu<0,05). Aeoeai?noue AI aoea aeuith i?e i?ecia/aii? oi?o?ieo a ia?o? 10 aei?a caoai?thaaiiy (83,1+4,3 iae/ie a?.) ii??aiyii c oai?eie, ui io?eioaaee a oeae ia??iae anaioe?aea (52,7 +5,4 iae/ie a?.) oa eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a (67,0(7,9 iae/ie a?. ?u ?A:?A<0,05). Ai?no GL-SH ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae eiio?ieueieo iieaciiee?a i?e i?ecia/aii? anaioe?aea a ia?o? 10 aei?a c iiiaioo caoai?thaaiiy ? noaiiaea 6,3 (0,4 ieiieue/a Hb (?u>0,05)
ii??aiyii c a?eueo i?ci?i i?ecia/aiiyi oeueiai i?aia?aoo (4,1(0,8
ieiieue/a Hb ?u=0,001) oa ? ?ioeie aa??aioaie e?eoaaiiy ( ?A-4,6(0,5
ieiieue/a Hb, ?A — 3,9(0,5 ieiieue/a Hb Pu ?A:?A<0,05). ??aaiue aeoeaiino? GL-S-T aeyaeany iaeieae/ei i?e i?ciueiio i?ecia/aii? oi?o?ieo - 11,3(1,6 ieiieue/a Hb (?A i?aea?.- 13,1(1,7 ieiieue/a Hb, ?A- 13,8(1,9 ieiieue/a Hb ; Pu ?A:?A,?A=0,05), a oie /an ye i?e ?aiiueiio canoinoaaii? an?o aa??aio?a e?eoaaiiy aeoeai?noue oeueiai aaaeeeaiai oa?iaioo aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo aoea a 1,8 ?ace iaioa ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai. Iaeieae/a aeoeai?noue Ae-6-OAeA aoea a?aei?/aia i?e ?aiiueiio i?ecia/aii? oi?o?ieo - 9,8(0,6 iae/ie oa. ( ?A i?aea?. 12,1 (0,7 iae/ie oa., ?A i?aea?.-10,6(0,2 iae/ie oa. Pu ?A:?A<0,05), a i?e i?ciueiio canoinoaaii? AIAeE i?aeaeuaia aeoeai?noue Ae-6-OAeA caa??aa?oueny o an?o oai?eo, iacaeaaeii a?ae aa??aioo e?eoaaiiy a aino?iio ia??iae? *OO. Iiaeeeai, i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? Ae-6-OAeA ? eiiiainaoi?iith ?aaeoe??th o a?aeiia?aeue ia aeaci?aai?caoe?th aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo, oae ye oeae oa?iaio ? iniiaiei aeiiaoi?ii aiaeith o nenoaio a?aeiiaethth/iai oeeeeo aeooao?iio. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ?ioiieia?/iiai noaoono ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? ci?ie niinoa??aaeenue c aieo eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ca aeaieie INO-oanoo (oaae. 3). Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o?eueee i?e i?ecia/aii? anaioe?aea a ?aii? no?iee ?a?no?oaaany iiceoeaiee ?aca?a eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? - (+)5,74%, a oie /an ye a ?? a?oi? niinoa?aaeoaaieo oeae iieaciee aoa iaeieae/ei - (-)10,45%. Aea, i?e canoiniaoaaii? aeoeaii? e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? oaeoeee a oiae? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy i?e aoaiiiio ianoaaeaii? ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” a?aei?/a?oueny iiceoeaiee ?aca?a i?e?ia?oeeaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? a ?A i?aea?. oai?eo - (+)7,9% oa a iacia/iiio nooiai? o ae?oae ?A i?aea?. - (+)1%, a i?e i?ecia/aii? anaioe?aea i?ney 10 aei?a c iiiaioo i?iyao “*OO” oeae iieaciee caeeoa?oueny a?ae’?iiei - (-)5,3%. Oaeei /eiii, o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO a oiae? aeeniaina?iiai ni?inoa?aaeaiiy a?aei?/aeenue nooo?a? ci?ie aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo oa ?ioiiiai aiiainoaco, cie?aia eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia?, ye? aoee iaea?eueo ae?aaeaieie i?e canoinoaaii? o?eueee aaceniiai e?eoaaiiy , /anoeiai oi?o?ieo oa i?e i?ciueiio aeei?enoaii? anaioe?aea. Oea aecia/aei ? “i?aaie-i?oai?” ae?? iaa?aeiiiai /eiieea “*OO”: aaiaoia?e?a?ia, ?ioiia oa aaaaoaoeaia ia?aiaa nenoaie. Aeoiaey/e ?c iiaeeeainoae iie?oaeoi?iiai aaiaco iaea?eueo /anoeo caoai?thaaiue na?aae ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO”, aoa i?iaaaeaiee aaaaoioaeoi?iee aiae?c ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy c iaoith ?aoe?iiaeueiiaiai i?ecia/aiiy e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a a oiae? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. Oaaeeoey 3 - Iieacieee i?e?ia?oeeaeii? eeniaaicaeaaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ca aeaieie INO-oanoo oa ?o ?aoeaioi?ii? aeoeaiino?. Ee?i?/i? a?oie niinoa?aaeai-iy ?iee niinoa-?aaeai-iy Iieacieee INO-oano iaeo?io?e?a, (%) ?aca?a eeniaai-caeaaeii? i?e?ia?-oeeaeiino? A-?OI, % AAN-?OI, % niiioai-iee noeioethaaiee ? a?oia- 1992 1994 37,8 (2,4 n=59 31,4(3,5 n=19 32.7(2,1 n=55 33,8(3,4 n=20 (-) 5.1 (+) 2.8 10,16(1,4 n=59 23,53(1,7* n==17 33.2(1.9 n59 37.53(3.3 n=13 ?? a?oia- 1992 1994 37.9(6.5 n=9 24.8(4.9* n=5 27.44(6.4 n=9 19.4(6.1 n=5 (-) 10.5 (+) 5.4 17.33(3.4 n=6 22.0(3.53* n=4 25.0(7.0 n=3 25.0(7.0 n=3 Eiio?ieue 25.0(3.42 n=21 32.6(3.9 n=21 (+) 7.6 28.5(1.2 n=20 38.8(1.9 n=18 ? ?u ?,??:e<0,05 (1994) ?u ?:??=0,05 (1994) I?ei?oea -* - ?<0,05 ii??aiyii c aeaieie 1992?. a aeai?e a?oi? niinoa?aaeaiiy Aiae?c iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a aieiaieo oaeoi??a, ui aecia/aee o?aaeai?noue iniiaieo “i?aai?a-i?oaiae” (aaiaoia?e?a?ia, ?ioiia oa aaaaoaoeaia ia?aiaa nenoaie), aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe. ui iniiaieie /eiieeaie oe??? iaoieia?? aoee ye aiaeiaaii? (iaoyaeaiee i?aii?a?aeiee oii aei caoai?thaaiiy ia “*OO”, ci?ie aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a oa i?e?ia?oeeaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? o aeaeyae? ?o aeniaaeaiiy, iniaeeaino? aeaieo ee?i?ei- ia?aee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a aino?iio oa a?aeiiaethth/iio ia??iaeao "*OO"), oae ? aeciaaii? /eiieee ( canoiniaaia a aino?ee ia??iae "*OO" e?eoaaiiy), ye? noaee neeaaeiaeie cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey aeyaeaiiy caoai?thaaiiy o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO: Y = 0,1f3 - 0,02f2 - 0,6f1 - o?ii?/iiai oieaoeenoioieaia?oo; Y = - 0,09f1 - 0,37f2 - 0,68f3 - aeene?iac?? aeia/iiai i?oo?a; Y = 0,1f1 - 0,6f2 - 0,04f3 - o?ii?/iiai aaeaiioiicee?oo; Y = - 0,4f1 - 0,5f2 +0,02f3 - /anoi oa o?eaaei oai??th/? ae?oe; Y = 0,36f1+0,63f2-0,25f3, - aaaaoinoaeeiieie aeenoii?yie aea f1, f2, f3 - oaeoi?e, ui aecia/athoue caoai?thaai?noue (Y). C o?aooaaiiyi caeii?a ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo cia/aiiy “Y”>+1
aecia/aeinue ye ?aaeueia iiaeeea?noue iaeiiai ?c aeacaieo
caoai?thaaiue, a “Y”<-1 - ye iaeieiia??i?noue oaei? iaoieia??. ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co aoee aeei?enoai? aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a aeey ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a *OO. Aiie aeeth/aee i?e iayaiino? oaeoi??a noeeueiino? aei ?icaeoeo o?ii?/ieo oieaoeenoioieaia?o?a a?aeiia?aeii? ae??oe c aeei?enoaiiyi i?iaeoeo?a oiea?aoe/ii? oa oieae?iaoe/ii? ae??, aeei?enoaiiy aaeaioiaai?a (iie?nieiaeia? aeno?aeoe). Iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y a?oiooaaeanue ia i?ecia/aii? iaeiiai ?c i?aia?ao?a aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? ae??, ye? a ni?eyee iie?ioaiith iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a aaiaoioeeoao oa ciaioaiith iciae caiaeaiiy (anaioe?aea, ea?n?e, n?e?ai?, e?iinoaa?e), a oaeiae ni?eyee a ii?iae?caoe?? oa?iaioaoeaiiai niaeo?o aeeaanoeaiiai o?aeoo (oa?iaioaoeai? i?aia?aoe- iac?i-oi?oa, iaie??ao?i, iaic?ii?i, oanoae, nie?c?i) oa eiai i?e?iaiiai iaecaaeo (aoa?ioeee). C iaoith onoiaiiy aeenooieoe?? aeia/iiai i?oo?a i?ecia/aeenue caoiaee aeia/ia?iii? ae?? - a?aeiia?aei? o?oicai?e, o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ia e?eoaaiiy, othaaae?, i?ia?aeuei? aiaee. Oai?ei c aaeaiioiicee?oaie i?e ii?ooaii? eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? aeeth/aee a eiiieaen e?eoaaiiy anei?a?iiao eeneioo, ?iiae? a eiia?iaoe?? c aeueoa-oieioa?ieii oa a?oai?i-A-ai?noeieie ianeaie. Ei?aeoe?y aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e aeeth/aea i?aai?caoe?th a?aeiia?aeiiai iuaaeeeaiai ineoiaiioe?eiiai ?aaeeio, i?ecia/aiiy a?oai?iii-i?e?iaeaiaioieo i?aia?ao?a oa i?aia?ao?a, ui ii?iae?cothoue noaeeiiee oiion a oaeiae iaoiaee iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie - aieei?aoeaenioa?ai??, ianaaeo, e?eoaaeueii? a?iianoeee, niaeai- oa o?oioa?ai??. Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaieo e?eoaaeueii - ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a iaaeyaeii ?eethno?o? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ae?oae ??? a?oie caei?ia’y (1990 ?. - 73,75(4,6%, 1992 ?. - 68,9(4,9%, 1994 ?. - 40,0(5,2% ?<0,05). A 1996?. caoaaaeaii c?inoaiiy o?ii?/ii? iaoieia?? na?aae ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” (57,8(5,2% ? 1994:1996 <0,05), ui,iiaeeeai,iia’ycaii c iniaeeainoyie ioaa?oaoiiai a?eo, yeiai ia oeae /an aeinyaee a?eueo?noue niinoa?aaeoaaieo. I?iaaaeaiee aeenia?n?eiee aiae?c /anoioe iaoieia??, ui iaea oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy, iieacaa aieea ia oeth iaoieia?th ye iani?eyoeeaeo oiia i?iaeeaaiiy, cie?aia ia caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? ( i?e o?ii?/iiio oieaoeenoioieaia?o? - 2,3% ?=0,01; i?e ANAe -53,9% ?=0,006), oae ? cieaeaiiy ai?noo GL-SH ( i?e iaoieia?? aaiaoia?e?a?ii? nenoaie - 98,6% ?=0,0001). Cieaeaiiy aaciai? eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a iaei oaiaeaioe?th aei aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy o?ii?/ieo aiaieu ?ioaeoe?? iiniaeioee a 1996 ?. (17,5% ?=0,07). Oaeei /eiii, canoiniaai? ?iaeea?aeoae?ciaai? e?eoaaeueii-?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee iaee iiceoeaiee aieea ia iieacieee iioe?aiino? caoai?thaaiue o ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO”, aea i?eai?/aiiy ?ioiia?ieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? oa ii?ooaiiy aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo iaoiiaeththoue /anoioo oa aaaee?noue ia?aa?ao o?ii?/ieo caoai?thaaiue o oeeo ae?oae, iniaeeai i?e o?eaae?e aeni?an?? aio?iiiaaiieo oaeoi??a. A E N I I A E E 1.O ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee “*OO” a aeeiai?oe? 8-ie ??/iiai aeeniaina?iiai niioa?aaeaiiy /ano?oa a ii??aiyii? c ?o iaeiie?oeaie i.*a?i?aoe? a?aei?/aeenue i?iyae o?ii?/iiai oieaoeenoioieaia?oo oa aeene?iac?e aeia/iiaea?aeieo oeyo?a, o?ii?/ieo aaeaiioiicee?o?a oa aaaaoiaeenoii?e. 2.O ae?oae c i?iyaaie o?ii?/iiai oieaoeenoioieaia?oo oa aaeiiioiicee?oo a?aei?/aeenue ii?ooaiiy a nenoai? IIE/AINC, ye? iieyaaee a cieaeaiith ??aith a?aeiiaeaiiai aeooao?iio oa oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a, iniaeeai i?e i?iaeeaaii? ?o a ?aeiiao, aea ? ai?no a a?oio? iaeeo eiioeaio?aoe?e oaoiiaaiieo ?aae?iioee?ae?a oa nieae aaaeeeo iaoae?a. 3. A i?ioean? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee “o?i?/io ?ioieneeaoe?eio aeiiaoe?th” a?aei?/aii no?eea ciaioaiiy ?aca?ao eeniaaicaeaaeii? i?e?ia?oeeaeiino? iaeo?io?eueieo a?aioeioeeo?a e?ia?. 4.Eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a (oi?o?ie, aeueoa-oieioa?ie, anaioe?aea, aeoeaiaaia aoa?eey), yeee canoiniaaii o oai?eo c “o?i?/iith aeciaaiiith ?ioieneeaoe??th ii??aiyii c iniiaiei e?eoaaiiyi, ia iaa nooo?aiai aeeeao ia ee?i?/i? i?iyae aino?iai ia??iaeo, iiceoeaii aieeaaa ia iieacieee i?e?ia?oeeaeii? eeniaaicaeaaeii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ? aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a a ianooii? ?iee ee?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue a?eueo iecueeei ??aiai oi?ioaaiiy caoai?thaaiue a i?a - oa ioaa?oaoeaiiio a?oe?. 5. ?iaeea?aeoaeueia ?aaa?e?oaoe?eia oa?ai?y a i?ioean? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, iiaoaeiaaia ia iniia? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aiae?co aeaieo iiaeeaeaiiai ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy a i?ciueiio a?aeiiaethth/iio ia??iae? c iine?aeoth/ith ei?aeoe??th, aeicaieeea iiieceoe aaniethoiee oa a?aeiiniee ?ecee caaino?aiue o?ii?/iiai oieaoeenoioieaia?oo oa aaeaiioiicee?oo. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. A yeino? aeiee?i?/ieo ia?ea??a aeieeiaiiy iaoieia?? c aieo “i?aai?a-i?oaiae i?e "*a?i?aaoeuee?e o?i?/i?e oai?ia?" aeei?enoiaoaaoe iieacieee cieaeaiiy ?aca?ao eeniaaicaeaaeiiai iaoaaie?cio iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? ca aeaieie INO-oanoo oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo. 2. O ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” c i?iyaaie no?eeeo ci?i a eeniaaicaeaaeiiio iaoaaie?ci? iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? oa ii?ooaiiyi aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a aeooao?iiiai? nenoaie a?eo?ioeeo?a, ye? iathoue iiceoeaiee ae?aaeaiee ca’ycie c iaoieia??th “i?aai?a-i?oaiae”, a eiiieaen iiaeaeueoeo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a aeeth/aoe: anei?a?iiao eeneioo, a?oai?i-A-ai?noei? ?ineeii? ianea, aaiaoii?ioaeoi?e, ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?e, aieei?aoeaenioa?ai??, ianaaeo, e?eoaaeueii? a?iianoeee, niaeai- oa o?oioa?ai??. 3. O aeiaaeeo oi?ioaaiiy ia aoaiao aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy i?aaiii? iaoieia??, iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe aaaaoioaeoi?iee aiae?c aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy ?aeiiaaeanoeaio?a “*OO” c iaoith iiaoaeiae ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a. 4. I?e aeieeiaii? o ae?oae aiane?aeie ino?iai oo?i?iiy o?i?/ieie i?iaeoeoaie i?iya?a iiae?aieo "*OO", aeioe?eueii: a) canoiniaoaaoe eiiieaen i?aia?ao?a (anaioe?aea, oi?o?ie, aeueoa-oieioa?ie, aeoeaiaaia aoa?eey); a) i?iaiaeeoe aeeniaina?ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oeeie ae?oueie ye ca a?oiith aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo iaoieia?? c aieo i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, aaiaoia?e?a?ii? oa ia?aiai? nenoai, i?iaiaey/e ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? caoiaee c ?aiiueiai a?aeiiaethth/iai ia??iaeo, iaa?oue i?e a?aenooiino? ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a no?eei? iaoieia??. NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IAAe?OEIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1.Iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?iaaceaiiai iaoiaeo i/enoee i?aai?cio a?ae nieae aaaeeeo iaoae?a o ae?oae c aano?iaeoiaeaiaeueiith oa aaiaoia?e?a?iith iaoieia??th /Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee,1997, O.4,N2,N.33-36. Ni?aaao.: Eieineiaa I.E.,Aac?oeia E.I. 2.Aoaeoeai?noue noa?oiaiai e?eoaaiiy ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee “*a?i?aaoeueeo o?i?/io oai?iao /Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee,1997,O.4,N4,N.63-66. 3.Caoai?thaai?noue aeoiaaioe?a aeeoy/eo onoaiia c ??ciith aai?aae?io?i?/iith oa?aeoa?enoeeith /Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee,1997.-N1.-N.105-109. Ni?aaao.: Eieineiaa I.E.,ssuaiei TH.A. Eano?aea ?.A.. 4.Aieea noa?oiai? oa?ai?? “o?i?/ii? aeciaeaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??” ia iieacieee ?ioiia?aie ia?aoai??aoeo ae?oae /Aoeiaeinueeee iaaee/iee a?niee,1998,O.2,N1,N.85-88. Ni?aaao.: Aac?oeia E.I.,Eieineiaa I.E. 5. Coai caei?ia’y ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee *a?i?aaoeueeo o?i?/io oai?iao (a aeeiai?oe? 10-??/iiai aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy)/ Ae.Ae.Ca?a?ii, A.I.Na?aethe *a?i?aaoeueea o?i?/i? oai?iaa: iiaa aeieia?/ia caoai?thaaiiy?.- Euea?a.-Aeae-ai ”I?n?iia?”.-1998.-N.124-132. 6. Iaa?ieia?/i? ii?ooaiiy o ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee o?i?/io ?ioieneeaoe?th c aeiiaoe??th ? o ae?oae c ina?aaeeiaith aeiiaoe??th / Iaaeeei-aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoa?? oa aeeoeie.- Iaoa??aee Ananithcii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.- i.*a?i?aoe?,13-14 /a?aiy 1990?.-N.40. Ni?aaao.: Aac?oeia E.I.,Oainueea I.A., Noneye N.I., Aaeaee/oe A.I., Aiaeiaaithe I.I. 7.Noai caei?ia’y ae?oae, ye? cacaiaee aieeao o?i?/ii? ?ioieneeaoe?? c neiae?iiii aeiiaoe??, a i?ioean? aeeniaina?iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy/ Iaaeeei-aeieia?/ie? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoa?? oa aeeoeie - Iaoa??aee Ananithcii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-i.*a?i?aoe?, 13-14 /a?aiy 1990?. -N.40-41. Ni?aaao.: Aac?oeia, E.I., *a?aaei N.A., Aai?o I.N., Ne?auoe I.A., Caai?iaeithe ?.?. 8. Iniaeeaino? o?aaeaiiy oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo o ae?oae. ye? ia?aianee o?i?/io ?ioieneeaoe?th c aeiiaoe?th ? o ae?oae c ina?aaeeiaith aeiiaoe??th/Iaaeeei-aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y iaoa?? oa aeeoeie.- Iaoa??aee Ananithcii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.-i.*a?i?aoe?,13-14 /a?aiy 1990?.- N.47-48. Ni?aaao.: Ei?iaaa A.A.,E?niaee A.E., C?iaai?iaa I.I., Ia/eoaeei TH.I. 9. Canoinoaaiiy aa??aio?a noa?oiai? oa?ai?? i?e “o?i?/i?e ?ioieneeaoe??” c oioaeueiith aeiiaoe??th /O? c’?cae aea?iaoiaaia?ieia?a Oe?a?ie.-Oa?e?a,1992.-N.59. 10. Aeieia?/iee ?ioeeaeaio na?aae oeiey??a /?O c’?cae aeeoy/eo e?ea??a Oe?a?ie.-Oace aeiiia?aeae.- i.Iaeana,1993.-N.132. Ni?aaao.: Eieineiaa I.E., Iaeiia/iee ?.?., Ia/eoaeei TH.I. 11. Ee?i?/i? iniaeeaino? noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae, ye? ia?aianee o?i?/io oai?iao /Aeieia?/ia oa ?ioaeoe?eia iaoieia?y: no/ani? iaoieiai-aiaoii?/i? aniaeoe.- Oace aeiiia?aeae O eiia?ano iaoieiaaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie.- i.*a?i?a?a.-1993.-N.11-12. Ni?aaao.: Iie?uoe ?.I., ?aciee E.I. 12. Aei iaoiaaiaco iniiaieo neiae?ii?a i?e “o?i?/i?e ?ioieneeaoe??” o ae?oae i.*a?i?aoe? / Iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y.- Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.- *a?i?aoe?,23-25 eenoiiaaea1993 ?.-N.5. Ni?aaao.: Eieineiaa I.E.,Eiethaae?ia E.A., Aac?oeia E.I.,A?iaoeye I.A. 13. Aei noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae ?c cii ?aae?iioee?aeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy / Iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua ? caei?ia’y.- Oace i?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe??.- *a?i?aoe?,1993.-N.22. Ni?aaao.: Eieineiaa I.E., Eano?aea ?.A. 14. Canoinoaaiiy iaia?aiinoaa?e?coth/eo i?aia?ao?a a eiiieaen? noa?oiai? oa?ai?? i?e “*a?i?aaoeuee?e o?i?/i?e oai?ia?” /Iaaeeei-aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y a Oe?a?i?.- Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio.-i.*a?i?aoe?,14-15 aa?aniy1994.-N.98-99. 15. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy oaiiiaio /anoeo iiaoi?ieo ?ani??aoi?ieo ai?ciae?a o oeiey??a c aeiiaoiiaeaiith iaoieia??th /Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oe?eueiiai a?eo oa i?aee?oe?a.- Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aiii? 75-??//th Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a.-Oa?e?a,1997.-N.58-60. Ni?aaao.: Eano?aea ?.A., ssuaiei TH.A. Oaa/oe I.I. Ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a “o?i?/ii? aeciaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??”.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.10 - iaae?ao??y. - Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo iaaeeei-aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai, *a?i?aoe?, 1999. Caoeua?oueny aeena?oaoe?y, a ye?e aiae?cothoueny ?acoeueoaoe aaaaoi??/iiai eaoaiianoe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, ye? ia?aianee oi?eaeueia caoai?thaaiiy -“*a?i?aaoeueeo o?i?/io oai?iao” oa i?iaaaeaiee aaaaoioaeoi?iee aiae?c iniiaieo oaeoi??a o?aaeaiino? “i?aai?a- i?oaiae “ i?e oe?e caaaaeeia?e oai?ia?. C iiceoe?e ?ao?iniaeoeaiiai aiae?co aino?iai ia??iaeo “*OO” oa aeaieo o?eaaeiai ee?i?/iiai iii?oi?eiao i?iiiiothoueny aa??aioe e?eoaaiiy oa iiia?aaeaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a “*OO”, ui aoei ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo oa iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii o aeiaaeeo iiyae iiaeo iaa?aeiieo caoai?thaaiue eiia??ii o?i?/ii? ao?ieia??.. Eeth/ia? neiaa : ae?oe, o?i?/ia aeciaaiia ?ioieneeaoe?y, ?ioiieia?y, aeieia?y, aeooao?iiiaa nenoaia. Oaa/oe I.I. Eeeieei-ia?aeeeie/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ioaeaeaii?o ?acoeueoaoia oeie/aneie aeciaaiiie eioieneeaoeee.-?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 - iaaeeao?ey. - Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo iaaeeei-yeieiae/aneeo i?iaeai, *a?iiaoeu,1999. Caueuaaony aeenna?oaoeey, iinayuaiiay aeooaeueiiio aii?ino nia?aiaiiie iaaeeao?ee - eco/aieth eeeieei-ia?aeeeie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae oa/aiey, ineiaeiaiee e ea/aiey “*a?iiaeoeeie oeie/aneie aieacie” - oieeaeueiiai caaieaaaiey, ?aiaa ia ano?a/aaoaainy a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea, n oeaeueth oniaa?oainoaiaaiey ea/aaii-?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee yoiai caaieaaaiey e i?eiaiaiey eo i?e iiyaeaiee iiauo iaecaanoiuo caaieaaaiee i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii oeie/aneie yoeieiaee. Aeey ?aoaiey yoie i?iaeaie a oa/aiea 8-ie eao i?iaiaeeeny eeeie/aneee iiieoi?eia ca ninoiyieai caei?iauey aeaoae, ia?aianoeo iaecaanoiia caaieaaaiea, i?iyaeaoaany aiacaiiie aeeooociie aeiiaoeeae aieinenoie /anoe aieiau, ineoiiaa?ieiae/aneeie ?anno?ienoaaie, eaoa?aeueiuie eciaiaieyie aa?oieo aeuoaoaeueieo iooae. Ec 90 iaaethaeaaieo ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia “*OO” a ino?ue ia?eiae yoiai caaieaaaiey i?eieiaee ?acee/iua aa?eaioe ea/aiey: 80 aeaoyi, e?iia aaceniiai ea/aiey, iacia/aee ?yae i?aia?aoia aioeieneaeaioiiai e aeaceioieneeaoeeiiiiai aeaenoaey (oieoeie, annaioeeaea, aeueoa-oieioa?ie, aeoeae?iaaiiue oaieue- aioeieneaeaioiue aeaceioieneeaoeeiiiue eiiieaen (AIAeE) ninoaaeee 1 a?oio iaaethaeaiey, a 10 aeaoae, eioi?ua i?eiyee oieueei aaceniia ea/aiea noi?ie?iaaee ?? a?oio. A caaeneiinoe io aa?eaioia AIAeE - eiiieaen anao yoeo i?aia?aoia, eee iaeei ec aai ninoaaeythueo, eeeieei-yieaeaieieiae/aneee aiaeec a ? a?oia i?iaiaeeeny a iiaea?oiao AIAeE, anaioeeaea, oieoeie. Ia?aui a?aoiaioii i?e i?iaaaeaiee enneaaeiaaiee auea aeiioaca i oii, /oi i?eiaieaoaany a ino?ue ia?eiae “*OO” ea/aiea eiaei ii?aaeaeaiiia aeeyiea ia oa/aiea yoiai caaieaaaiey eee aai ineiaeiaiee e ?acaeoea ?acee/iuo iaoieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia a aieaa iicaeiai ia?eiaea iaaethaeaiey. I?e i?iaaaeaiee aiaeeca caaieaaaaiinoe ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia “*OO” ia anao yoaiao aeeniaina?iiai iaaethaeaiey, auynieeinue, /oi aieueiua, i?eieiaaoea a ino?ue ia?eiae “*OO” oieueei aaceniia ea/aiea, /aua aieaee o?iie/aneei oieeoeenoioieaiaeoii, aeeneeiaceyie aeae/aauaiaeyueo iooae, aaeaiioiiceeeeoaie, aaaaoi-ninoaeenouie aeenoiieyie, a i?eiaiaiea AIAeE ieacaeinue iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui. Iineaaeothuay aeiioaca enneaaeiaaiee i?aaeiieaaaea, /oi a oiaea aeeniaina?iiai iaaethaeaiey aoaeoo ii?aaeaeyoueny ia?ooaiey a niaoeeoe/aneeo e ianiaoeeoe/aneeo nenoaiao ?acenoaioiinoe i?aaiecia, /oi e aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoue eciaiaiey a iniiaiii a oao i?aaiao e nenoaiao, eioi?ua ieacaeenue iaeaieaa ?aieiuie ii ioiioaieth e aeiioaoe/aneiio enaiiaeioeeo. Aeey yoiai o iaaethaeaaiuo aieueieo eco/aeenue iieacaoaee nenoaiu ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia e aioeieneaeaioiie nenoaiu caueou. Nouanoaaiiuo ioee/ee a iieacaoaeyo iauaeeeie/aneeo e aeioeie/aneeo aiaeecao e?iae auyaeaii ia auei. I?e enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeannia naiaiaeii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiey ioee/ey ia ii?aaeaeyeenue. A aeooaoeiiiaie nenoaia aioeieneaeaioiie caueou ioia/aia aeaci?aaiecaoeey aai iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia: nieaeaiea o?iaiy ainnoaiiaeaiiai aeooaoeiia e e aeoeaiinoe aeooaoeii-S-o?ainoa?acu, aeooaoeiiia?ieneaeacu, iiauoaiea aeoeaiinoe aetheici-6-oinoaoaeaaeae?iaaiacu. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea anaai eiiieaena i?aia?aoia AIAeE e ?aiiaa iacia/aiea ynnaioeeaea iiaeao /anoe/ii ieaaee?iaaoue yoe ia?ooaiey. I?e enneaaeiaaiee eiioiieiae/aneiai noaoona ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia “*OO” iaeaieaa au?aaeaiiua eciaiaiey iaaethaeaeenue ni noi?iiu eenei?iaeicaaeneiie iee?iaeoeeaeiinoe iaeo?ioeeia e?iae e eo ?icaoeiia?acothuae niiniaiinoe, i?aaeoi?aaeeoue, eioi?ua auee iaiaa au?aaeaiiuie i?e ?aiiai i?eiaiaiee ynnaioeeaea e eiiieaena i?aia?aoia. O/eouaay, /oi ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue caaieaaaeaaaiee n?aaee ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia “*OO” iiaea iineoue iieeoaeoi?iue oa?aeoa?, aue i?iaaaeai iiiaioaeoi?iue aiaeec eeeieei-yieaeaieieiae/iiai ianeaaeiaaiey n oeaeueth ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iacia/aiey ea/aaii-?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee a oiaea aeeniaina?iiai iaaethaeaiey. Aiaeec iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia aeaaiuo oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeyee ii?aaeaiiinoue iniiaiuo “i?aaiia-ieoaiae” (aaiaoiaeeea?iay, eiioiiay e aaaaoaoeaia ia?aiay nenoaia) aeaao iniiaaiea ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi aaaeoueie ec ieo auee: ioyaiuaiiue i?aii?aeaeiue oii, eciaiaiey aeooaoeiiiaie nenoaiu aioeieneaeaioiie caueou e eciaiaiey iee?iaeoeeaeiie aeoeaiinoe iaeo?ioeeia e?iae, i?eiaiyaoeany a ino?ue ia?eiae *OA ea/aiea. Yoe aeaiiua auee eniieueciaaiu aeey iainiiaaiey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo ea/aaii-?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiuo ia?ii?eyoee n?aaee ?aeiiaaeanoeaioia “*OO”. Ioeaiea eo yoaeoeaiinoe i?iaiaeeeanue a oa/aiea 5-oe eao e ieacaeanue iieiaeeoaeueiie. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaoe, oeie/aneay yeciaaiiay eioieneeaoeey, eiioiieiaey, aeooaoeiiiaay nenoaia, yeieiaey. Shevchuk N.M. - The clinical and paraclinical characteristic of the remote results of exogenic chemical intoxication. - Manuscript. Thesis for the scientific degree of the Candidate of Medical Sciences on the speciality 14.01.10 - pediatrics/ - Research Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kyiv, 1999. In the dissertation at the bases of the investigation of children suffered from new unknown disease “Chernivtsy Chemical Disease” were determined and the polyfactor analysis of the main complications of this illness was fulfilled. According to the results of the during supervision of suffered children the treating measures of acute period and further observation were proposed, directed at the reducing of the suffered children morbility and will be useful if a new similar phenomen will appear. Key words: children, exogenic chemical intoxication, ecology, immunology, glutathion system.

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