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34

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey

AOEUeAeA AIEIAeEIE? ?AAIIAE*

OAeE 616.12-008.46-036.12-085

EE?I?EI-OOIEOe?IIAEUeI? INIAEEAINO?, Ae?AAIINOEEA, E?EOAAIIss OA
?AAA?E?OAOe?ss OAI?EO IA ?OAI?*IO OAI?IAO NA?Oess, ONEEAAeIAIO
NA?OeAAITH IAAeINOAOI?NOTH

14.01.11- ea?ae?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Aeaae.
I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio –

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naoa?/oe ?aai ?aaiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oa?ai?? noiiaoieia?/iiai oaeoeueoaoo;

/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI ? AII Oe?a?ie, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio ?AII, aeieoi?
iaaee/iee iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?eooei Ieaa Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo aa?iioieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo o?c?ieia?? ?
iaoieia?? aioo??oi?o i?aai?a,

aeieoi? iaaee/iee iaoe, i?ioani? Eeciaoa A?eoi? A?eai?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? ?2,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nie?iiaa ??eia Iaae?aia, ?inoeooo
ea?ae?ieia?? ?i.I.Ae.No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo
iiioeyoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa-Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe?i. I.E.Ooi?ea IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, eaoaae?a ea?ae?ieia?? oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 ethoiai 2000 ?. i 13-30 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.003.04 i?e Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (04004, i.Ee?a, aoeueaa?
O.Oaa/aiea, 17)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie (04057,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Ciieia?/ia, 3)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 18 a?oaeiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe
A.ss.Eocueiaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aecia/a?oueny iioe?aiinoth NI o oai?eo ia ION, ??
i?ia?anoth/ei ia?aaiaii, iiaaeiaeecaoei?th ethaeae i?aoeacaeaoiiai
aieo. NI yaey? niaith iniiaio i?e/eio e?ea?iyii? eaoaeueiino?,
aeaeeaai?noue i?e NI i?ioyaii iyoe ?ie?a a?ae ?? aeieeiaiiy ia ia?aaeuo?
50%, a iayai?noue ?? a aino?iio ia??iae? ?I ca?eueoo? eaoaeuei?noue
iaeaea a aeanyoue ?ac?a a ii??aiyii? c aiaeia?/iith a?oiith oai?eo aac
iciae NI [A.E.A?eoethe, 1984; I.I.Iooa?eyiia, 1986, 1987; E.E.Naoa?/oe
e niaao., 1989, 1990, 1991; A.A.ssiianeee e niaao., 1990, 1996;
A.TH.Ia?aaa, 1991,1996; E.O.Iaeay e niaao., 1994; A.I.Aiiniaa, 1997;
TH.I.Aaeaieia, 1999; N.N. de Cock et al., 1989; J.G.Kayanakis, 1989;
Ph.A.Poole-Wilson et al., 1989; J.H.Schater et al., 1989; M.A.Pfeffer
et al., 1992].

Iaeiei c aoceiaeo iiiaioia iaoiaaiaco NI, ui ?icaeaa?oueny ia
oiii ioaii/ii? aeenooieoei? iiiea?aea aai aaciina?aaeiueiai
iioeiaeaeaiiy i’yca na?oey i?e II ? cieaeaiiy nei?i/oaaeueii? ooieoei?
iiiea?aea i, ye ianeiaeie, iiaioaiiy e?iaicaaacia/aiiy oa iinoa/aiiy
eenith aei i?aaiia i oeaiei. O aiaeiiaiaeue ia cieaeaiiy nei?i/oaaeueii?
ooieoei? iiiea?aea ?icii/eiathoue aeiyoe /eneaiii iaoaiicie
?aiiuei? oa iiciuei? eiiiainaoei?, eio?i aeineoue oaeaeei
ao?a/athoue i?enoinoaaeueiee oa?aeoa?, iaaoaathoue iaoiaaiaoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae i ni?eythoue i?ia?anoaaiith NI [E.E.Neaaecaaneay e niaao.,
1986, 1991; A.E.A?eoethe, A.C.Iaoyaeaiei, 1987; E.E.Naoa?/oe e niaao.,
1990, 1991; E.I.Aiiniaa, I.A.ss?aiaiei, 1992].

Oae, ia ciaioaiiy oaea?iiai ia’?io aiaeiiaiaea? iineaaeaiiyi oaeey
nenoiei/iiai oeneo [TH.I.Eiiaoei e niaao., 1993], ui ni?eeia?oueny
aa?i?aoeaioi?aie ye cieaeaiiy o?ainio?aeueiiai oeneo. Aeaaeoeaaoeiy oeeo
aaaonieo aeiiiiaioieo ?aoeaioi?ia aaaea aei ciaioaiiy aaaoniiai
oiiono i aeoeaaoei? neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai?,
?aiii-aiaiioaicei-aeueaeinoa?iiiai?, a?aiiii-aacii?aneiiai? oa iioeo
iae?iaiaeie?eiieo nenoai [O.O.Aaaaa e niaao., 1995;
E.Ae.?a/eineee, 1995; Ph.A.Poole-Wilson, 1989]. Caieueoaiiy ?iaiia
eaoaoieaiiiia, aiaiioaiceio II, aacii?aneio oa iioeo aacieiino?eeoi?ia
aaaea aei cia/iiai c?inoaiiy nenoaiiiai noaeeiiiai iii?o. Noaaieueia
noeioeyoeiy oi/a a iaeiiai c oeeo iaoaiiciia aaaea aei iiaeaeueoiai
iiai?oaiiy ooieoei? EO [I.A.Ei?eooei e niaao., 1992; A.A.Aia?ia e
niaao., 1994]. Canoinoaaiiy ia oeueiio aoaii NI aaciaeeeaoaoi?ia,
iniaeeai iio?aoia, aioaaiiinoia eaeueoeith aeeeeea? ?aoeaeoi?io
aeoeaaoeith NAN oa ?AAN, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ua iiiioiioiai caieueoaiiy
eiioeaio?aoei? aacieiino?eeoi?ieo ?a/iaei [E.A.Ai?iieia, 1999;
K.Langes, W.Bleifeld, 1990; W.Kupper, 1991, U.Elkayam et al., 1993;
B.S.Levis, 1996]. Oae, M.Packer [1989] oa L.H. Opie [1997]
iiyniththoue caieueoaiiy eaoaeueiinoi oai?eo c ii?ooaiiyi ooieoei? EO
i?e i?ecia/aiii ?i aioaaiiinoia eaeueoeith, ie?ii aiae’?iii?
iiio?iiii? aei? oeeo i?aia?aoia, oaeiae ?o caeaoiinoth aeoeaoaaoe
iae?iaiaeie?eii nenoaie i, a ia?oo /a?ao, –
?aiii-aiaiioaicei-aeueaeinoa?iiiao.

Aeienii, yeui oaeaeei eiiiainaoi?ii iaoaiicie no?iiei
aeniaaeothoueny, ye, iai?eeeaae, NAN, c? ciaioaiiyi caiania
eaoaoieaiiiia, uieueiinoi oa /ooeeainoi ?aoeaioi?ia iiiea?aea,
i?iaeoeoia aoi?eiiiai ia?aiinieea – oeAIO, oi aeiaaino?ieiai –
aiaeia?athoue aeiyoeiao ?ieue. Oea iieiaeaiiy iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue
aeineiaeaeaiiy J.O.S.Robertson, A.M.Richards [1988], a yeeo
aiaecia/a?oueny, ui i?e iayaiinoi NI cia/ii ciaioo?oueny ie?eiaee
e?iaiiaia, aea, ia aeeaey/enue ia oea, ia’?i eeoai/eiai? oieueo?aoei?
oa aeio?ac nooo?ai ia ciiiththoueny aae aei iiciio noaaeie, i
iaeaaaeeeaioo ?ieue a oeie aeiaaio?eaaeie eiiiainaoi?iie ?aaeoei?
aiaeia?a? ?AAN.

H.M. McAlpine [1989], J.G.F.Cleland [1991], H.Pouler [1994]
aiaecia/athoue, ui aenieee ?iaaiue naii?aaoeyoei? oei?? nenoaie ni?ey?
aeineoue iiaieueiiio ?icaeoeo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo ii?ooaiue, aea ?o
?aaeoeaaoeiy, iniaeeai ia oiii ei?aeoei? ia’?iia ieacie oa
aioo?ioiueieeioeiiiio ia’?io, iai?eeeaae, ca aeiiiiiaith
aeio?aoeeia, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaeii?ii? aacieiino?eeoei?, yeo iaeaea
iaiiaeeeai nei?aaoaaoe, o?iii/ii? cao?eiee iao?ith i aiaee, a oaeiae,
/a?ac aieea aiaiioaiceio II, caieueoaiiy niiaeeaaiiy iiiea?aeii
eenith, ciaioaiiy na?oeaaiai aeeeaeo i ei?iia?iiai e?iaiiaiao
[E.Ae.?a/eineee, 1991; A.A.Aaoeo?a, 1993; E.A.Ai?iieia, 1996].

Neiioiie iaaeii?ii? aacieiino?eeoei? c? ciaioaiiyi caeaoiinoi
noaeei aei iaoaaiei/ii? aaciaeeeaoaoei? niinoa?iaathoueny i?e NI
i?aeoe/ii o anio i?aaiao oa nenoaiao. Ciaioaiiy iinoa/aiiy eenith aei
i?aaiia oa oeaiei aaaea aei oaeaeeiai i?ia?anoaaiiy aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai
i?ioeano, ui, a naith /a?ao, iiaea aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaaoe ia ia?aaia
NI [U.Leuenberger, R.Zelis, 1989: H.Pouler, 1994].

Aoa?iaaiac yaey? niaith aaaaoioaeoi?iee i?ioean
[J.A.Berliner et al., 1995], iaeiae aaccaia?a/ia ?ieue, yea iaeaaeeoue a
eiai i?ia?anoaaiii aeaeiciiiaiei EIIU, eio?i, ciiithth/e ca?yae nai??
iiaa?oii, aeoeaii ca’ycothoueny c eeioeiaie noaeeiii? noiiee
[C.J.Schwartz et al., 1989] i noeioeththoue ia?aoai?aiiy oia?eiiaaio
a oia?ei a aoa?aiaoicieo iioeiaeaeaiiyo [P.Schuff-Werner et
al., 1989]. Iniiaith aeaeiciiiaiiy EIIU ? A?I [L.Douste-Brazi et al.,
1989; J.C.Fruchart et al., 1989]. A?I, ui noi?iaiaeaeo? iaaioue
ei?ioei/anio ioai?th, aeeeeea? oaeiae oeieo ieceo ianooiieo ciii:
iioeiaeaeaiiy eeioeiieo iaia?ai oeyoii ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy
oinoieiiiaeia i oieanoa?eio iaia?ai [E.Roth et al., 1989],
aaciina?aaei? iioeiaeaeaiiy eeioei aiaeioaeith [K.Presad, J.Kalae,
1989], ii?ooaiiy i?iieeiaiiy iiiia eaeueoeith a eeioeie [M.Kaneco et
al., 1989], ui aaaea aei cieaeaiiy nei?i/oaaeueii? ooieoei? iiiea?aea,
cieaeaiiy iniioe/ii? noieeinoi a?eo?ioeeoia aianeiaeie ii?ooaiiy
oeieiniinoi eeioeiieo iaia?ai [R.A.Strueli, 1989]. A?aoiaoth/e, ui
A?I aiaeaoaa?oueny ia oiii cia/iiai i?eaii/aiiy
ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio nenoai i?ioeia?aeeniiai caoenoo, aiaeaoaa?oueny
nai??iaeia eaioethaiaa ?aaeoeiy, yea nai?i ?oeiiaiei aieeaii caoi?eo?
?iciiiaiioii nenoaie i?aaiicio [E.E.Naoa?/oe e niaao., 1989, 1990].

Aieueoinoue i?aia?aoia ?icieo oa?iaeieiai/ieo a?oi, ui
canoiniaothoueny i?e eieoaaiii oai?eo ia ION oa NI, iani?iiiaeii
aieeaaoe ia oei aaaeeeai iiiaioe iaoiaaiaco, a aeayei, iniaeeai
aaoa-aeieaoi?e, aeio?aoeee caeaoii cia/ii iiai?oeoe eiiiaeiee
niaeo? e?iai o oai?eo iaaioue i?e ei?ioei/aniiio ?o canoinoaaiii
[A.TH.Ia?aaa e niaao., 1992; E.A.Ai?iieia, 1995, 1996; A.Amery,
P.Lignen, 1988; D.B.Hunninghake, 1991]. Canoinoaaiiy i?aia?aoia c
aioeieneaeaioiith aei?th oaae iathoue iaaii iaiaaeaiiy, oae ye ca
oiia caaaeueii? aiiieni? aeayei c ieo, iniaeeai aioaiiiiiai ?yaeo, naii
iiaeooue aenooiaoe ye aeaea?aea aieueieo ?aaeeeaeia [J. McMurray et al.,
1990].

A aaaaoueio aeineiaeaeaiiyo aecia?oueny i?iaiaeia ?ieue
aeaeo?ieioia a oiciieiai? nei?i/oaaiiy iiiea?aea [N.Kobajashi et al.,
1989; A.Sjogern et al., 1989], i?ioa aei oeueiai /ano iaaeinoaoiuei
aenaioeaia ieoaiiy aieeao iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?aii? ia iaoaiici ianeaiiai
oa aeoeaiiai o?ainii?oo iniiaieo iiiia /a?ac aiieiai/ii iaia?aie
?icieo noano?aoia o oai?eo ia ION c iciaeaie NI, aeey yeeo oei i?ioeane
iathoue aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy. Oae, iai?eeeaae, NA, aeieoth/e
Na-K-AOOaco [T.W.Smith, 1989], ni?eythoue caieueoaiith eiioeaio?aoei?
iiiia iao?ith a eeioeii oa ianooiiiio iaiiio eiai ia iiie eaeueoeith,
coiiaeththoue iiceoeaio iiio?iiio aeith, aea i i?iaieothoue a?eoiiaaiiee
aoaeo [A.TH.Ia?aaa, 1993; A.TH.Ia?aaa e niaao., 1999; D.M.Roden, 1989].

A oie aea /an o aieueoinoi oai?eo ia ION c iciaeaie NI aeoeaiinoue
oeueiai oa?iaioo aaea cieaeaia ye a i’yci iiiea?aea, oae i a i’yci
noaaia [A.Norgaard et al., 1990], a aoiae iiiia eaeueoeith a ciiiaii
eeioeie iiae /an ioaii? iai?yio aaaea aei iiaeaeueoiai ?o
ooeiaeaeaiiy [Ch.D.Wolleben et al., 1989].

Iaaeinoaoiuei oaeiae a?aoiao?oueny aaeain eenith a oeaieiao,
eiai niiaeeaaiiy, nii?iaeiaiinoue aaiiaeiaiio aei eenith i, iniaeeai,
aca?iica’ycie iiae i?iaeoeoei?th aia?ai? oa ?? aeei?enoaiiy
iiioeeoaie i?e NI, ui aaaeeeai c a?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui aeayei i?aia?aoe
c iiceoeaiith iiio?iiiith aei?th, iai?eeeaae, NA, i?ecia/ath/enue aac
aia?aaoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy i caieueooth/e ?icoiaeoaaiiy aia?ai? na?oeai,
iiaeooue iineeeoe ioaiith iiiea?aea, iiai?oeoe eeiii/iee noai
oai?eo, aeeeeeaoe a?eoii?, iiaeaeuoaaoe eaoaeueiinoue [A.E.*acia,
1993; A.M.Katz, 1988; P.K.Tandon et al., 1988; J.N.Cohn, 1996].

C iineeaiiyi ?iceaaeo na?oeaai? ooieoei? i?e i?ia?anoaaiii NI
aiaeaoaathoueny no?oeoo?ii ciiie aoaeiae na?oey (?icii?ia, i?i?ioaoei?
oia?ee, oia?ic i oaea iioa), iineeth?oueny ioaii/ia aeenooieoeiy EO,
i?e yeie aaea ia caaacia/o?oueny eiiiainaoi?ia aeiy iaoaiicio
O?aiea-Noa?eiiaa, cieaeaiiy o?aeoei? aeeeaeo, iiaeaeuaiiy eiioeaaiai
aeianoieiiiai oeneo a EO i caieueoaiiy aiaeiinii? /anoee ?aiiueiai
aeianoiei/iiai iaiiaiaiiy EO [S.J.Lavine et al., 1990]. Canoinoaaiiy ia
oeeo aoaiao NI i?aia?aoia, yei caeaoii ciaiooaaoe nei?i/oaaeueio
ni?iiiaeiinoue iiiea?aea, iniaeeai aaoa-aeieaoi?ia, aioaaiiinoia
eaeueoeith ia? i?yii i?ioeiieacaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, inio? i?iaeaia, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiaii
a?oie i?aia?aoia, ui canoiniaothoueny i?e eieoaaiii ION, iiaeooue a
aieueoie /e iaioie ii?i iiai?ooaaoe ia?aaia NI. A ca’yceo c oeei
aeooaeueieie ? ieoaiiy, iia’ycaii c ?ic?iaeith iiaeo eieoaaeueieo
caoiaeia i?e NI ia oiii ION, [E.E.Naoa?/oe e niaao., 1990, 1991;
O.Ae.Ieeoea e niaao.,1994]

Ia?niaeoeaieie oyaeythoueny canoinoaaiiy
ia?aoeaioi?ii-iiina?aaeoaaieo aeoeaaoi?ia oeaieiiiai iaoaaieicio,
iai?eeeaae, iieae?iiaoo [I.I.Naoa?/oe oa ii., 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991;
A.A.Aeoaeei oa ii., 1989; E.E.Ieueaeineay, A.I.Aieieieaiiaa, 1990], a
oaeiae aoa?aioieo caniaia eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia ION c NI [E.E.Naoa?/oe e
niaao., 1990, 1991; E.E.Neaaecaaneay e niaao., 1991, 1992; O.Ae.Ieeoea e
niaao., 1994; A.I.Ia?oiiaiei, A.?.Iiiia, 1994; E.N.*aeiai e
niaao., 1997] c a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeeainoi ei?aeoei? aeieeath/eo ciii ia
?iaii aeaeo?ieioiiai, eiiiaeiiai iaiiio, ii?iaeicaoei? aia?aaoe/iiai
aaeaino, aieeao ia ooieoeiiiaeueio aeoeaiinoue a?eo?ioeeoia oa nenoai
AIC.

IAOITH AeENA?OAOeIEII? ?IAIOE ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo e?eoa?i?a
aeiaaiinoeee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi i aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiinoi
eieoaaiiy ?icieie iaaeeeaiaioicieie caniaaie c a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae
i?iyaia na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi.

CAAAeAIIss AeINEIAeAEAIIss

1. Aeineiaeeoe noai eeioeiieo iaia?ai oa ooieoeiiiaeueio
aeoeaiinoue a?eo?ioeeoia, aeoeaiinoue oa?iaioieo nenoai
o?ainiaia?aiiiai o?ainii?oo iiiia i aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo, ia?aaia
i?ioeania ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy eiiiaeia, noai aeaeo?ieioiiai
iaiiio, aaii?aieiai/ieo ciii, iioiiiai oa iae?iaoii?aeueiiai noaoono,
niianoaaeoe ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy c aaciaeie iaoiaeaie aecia/aiiy
ia?aiao?ia oeaio?aeueii? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiaiiee i ia oeie
iiaenoaai aeyaeoe aeiaeaoeiai aeiaaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i? o?iii/ii?
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi, aeeth/ath/e ?? ?aiii noaaei?.

2. C’ynoaaoe aiaeiiiiinoi i?iyaia na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi ia
?icieo aoaiao ?? ?icaeoeo o oai?eo ia aoa?ineea?ioe/iee oa
iineyiioa?eoiee ea?aeiineea?ic.

3. ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei? uiaei eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey c iciaeaie na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi c
a?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo iaoieiai/ieo ciii.

4. Aecia/eoe aoaeoeaiinoue ?icieo iaaeeeaiaioicieo caniaia uiaei
iiaeaeuaiiy oiea?aioiinoi aei oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue o oai?eo ia
na?oeaao iaaeinoaoiinoue c iayaiinoth iineyiioa?eoiiai ea?aeiineea?ico
ia iiaenoaai aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae i?iyaia na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi
ia ?icieo noaaeiyo ?? ?icaeoeo c a?aooaaiiyi ooieoeiiiaeueiiai
noaio iiiea?aea.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA ?IAIOE Io?eiaii iiai iaoeiai aeaii i?i i?ioeane
IIE, noai AIN, eeioeiieo iaia?ai i ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeoeaiinoi
a?eo?ioeeoia, aeaeo?ieioiiai iaiiio, aaii?aieiai?, iioiiiai oa
iae?iaoii?aeueiiai noaoono, oeaio?aeueii? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiiaeeiaiiee
oa ?ic?iaeaii iiai niiniae aeiaaiinoeee i oa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoei? c
a?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae iaoieiai/ieo ciii c aieo nenoai i i?ioeania,
ui aea/aeenue, o oai?eo ia ION c i?iyaaie NI.

?ic?iaeaii niiniae eieoaaiiy, yei, oeyoii aieeao ia iniiaii
iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaoaiicie NI oa ION, caeaoii ciaiooaaoe eeiii/ii i?iyae
NI, onoaaoe ?acenoaioiinoue aei aeieiceaeioa?aii?, iiaeaeuoaaoe
oiea?aioiinoue aei AeOI aei ?iaiia, eio?i aiaeiiaiaeathoue ?iaiyi
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, i?e yeeo oai?i ia ION c? nei?aaiaaiei ia?aaiaii
NI ii/aoeiaeo eeania iiaeooue iiaa?oaoenue aei i?aoei a iaiaaeaiiio
ianyci aai aac iaiaaeaiue, ia aeoiaey/e, aiaeiiaiaeii, ia ae?oao
/e o?aoth a?oie iiaaeiaeiinoi.

?ic?iaeaii niiniae aeiaaiinoeee, yei aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
aeiaaiinoeeo NI o oai?eo ia ION ia ?aiiio, aeieeiii/ieo aoaiao
caoai?thaaiiy, ui ni?ey? nai?/aniiio canoinoaaiith iaoiaeia
oa?iaeieiai/ii? ei?aeoei? oa iiia?aaeaeaiith iiaeaeueoiai
i?ia?anoaaiiy NI.

?ic?iaeaii i?eno?i?, yei ni?eythoue iiaeaeuaiith yeinoi
aeiaaiinoeee, i?enei?ththoue i?ioean ia?iaee oa aiaeico io?eiaieo
aeaieo, aeicaieythoue aeeiioaaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy niiia?aoi/ieo no?oeoo?
na?oey iiae /an niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oai?eie ia ION c NI a aeeiaiioei.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao ia ii?oi-ooieoeiiiaeueii no?oeoo?e
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoaiiciia aei? nieueiai?
eae?e-iaai??ai? oi?ie ieeneaieo ni?aaio?a NEI i?iaaaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueio /anoeio aeineiaeaeaiue ia oaa?eiao.

OAI?AOE*IA CIA*EIINOUe ?IAIOE ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy
naiae/aoue i?i aca?iica’ycie iaoieiai/ieo ciii c aieo AIN,
eeioeiieo iaia?ai i ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeoeaiinoi a?eo?ioeeoia, i?ioeania
IIE, aeaeo?ieioiiai iaiiio, aaii?aieiai?, iioiiiai i iae?iaoii?aeueiiai
noaoono i?e NI ia oiii ION, ui ?icoe?th? oyaeaiiy i?i oa?aeoa?
iaoiaaiaoe/ieo ii?ooaiue i?e cacia/aiie iaoieiai?, noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey ?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee iaoieiai/iiai i?ioeano oa eiai nai?/anii?
iaaeeeaiaioicii? ei?aeoei?.

I?AEOE*IA OeIIIINOUe ?IAIOE Aea/aii oa?aeoa? oa iniaeeainoi
iaoieiai/ieo ciii i?e NI ia oiii ION, aeoiaey/e c /iai cai?iiiiiaaii
iia? niiniae aeiaaiinoeee NI ca aeiiiiiaith aecia/aiiy ?iaiia Na-AOOace,
aecia/aiiy ?acenoaioiinoi a?eo?ioeeoia aei aei? iniiaieo
iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi?ia, aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio e?aeo
a?aeae?e?a na?oey, niinia aeyaeaiiy ?ao?aeoa?ieo aei ea?ae?io?iiieo
cania?a oi?i o?ii?/ii? iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao, niinia eieoaaiiy
aeieiceaeii? iioieneeaoei?, niinia eieoaaiiy NI ca aeiiiiiaith
iieae?iiaoo, canoinoaaiiy eaiioaio ca iiaei i?ecia/aiiyi, niinia
iiaeaeuaiiy oiea?aioiinoi aei AeOI, niinia aeineiaeaeaiiy
niiia?aoi/ieo no?oeoo? a aeeiaiioei, ye? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
naiaeioeoaaie oa iaoaioaie.

Cai?iiiiiaaii niiniae iaoiaee/ii aeinooiii oa iiaeooue aooe
oe?iei aeei?enoaii a nenoaii ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Aeiaaaeaia iaiaoiaeiinoue ciiuaiiy ?iaiy aeiaaiinoeee c aoaio
eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueieo i?iyaia ia ?iaaiue ooieoeiiiaeueieo oa
aiioiii/ieo ciii, ui noai?th? oiiae aeey nai?/anii? aeiaaiinoeee NI,
eiee aiaeiiaiaeia oa?iaeieiai/ia ei?aeoeiy iiaea nooo?ai
oiiaieueieoe oaiie i?ia?anoaaiiy NI, ui iicia/a?oueny ia
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, yeinoi aeeooy oei?? eaoaai?i? oai?eo, ?o iaaee/iiio,
nioeiaeueiiio oa o?oaeiaiio i?iaiici.

INIAENOEE AIANIE CAeIAOAA*A Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa ?
naiinoieiith i?aoeath aaoi?a.

Iiaeai? oai?eo, ?o eeiii/ia ianoaaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea niinia?a
ae?aaiinoeee, aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiinoi canoinoaaiiy aoa?aioii? oa?aii? oa
ea?aeiiiaoaaieioiiai caniao iieae?iiaoo aeeiiaii aaoi?ii naiinoieii.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia /anoeia aeineiaeaeaiiy ia e?ieyo aeeiioaaeenue
aaoi?ii niieueii c? niia?iaioieeaie aiaeaeieo aenia?eiaioaeueii?
ea?aeiieiai? iinoeoooo ea?ae?ieia?? ?i. I.Ae. No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie
(ea?iaiee – ae.i.i., i?ioani? A.A.A?aoonue).

Iniaenoi aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue ic
canoinoaaiiyi no/anii? noaoenoe/ii? i?ia?aie “Multifac 2.2”, ia
iiaenoaai /iai aoee iiaeaioiaeaii aei ae?oeo ani iaoeiai i?aoei ? cayaee
ia aeiaoiaee, iiaeaioiaeaia aei caoenoo aeaia aeena?oaoeiy, a oaeiae
caeieniaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoia iaoeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue a
eeiii/io i?aeoeeo.

AI?IAAOeIss ?IAIOE Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoei?
aeiiiaiaeaeenue ia: III-io c’?caei ea?aeiieiaia O?N? (*a?iiaoei,
1988), VI c’?caei oa?iaeieiaia N?N? (Oaoeaio, 1988), OII-OIII
iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? iieiaeeo a/aieo i niaoeiaeinoia Ee?anueeiai
iaaee/iiai iinoeoooo ii.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (Ee?a, 1988, 1989), IV
?anioaeieainueeiio c’?caei eiea?ia-eaai?aioia (Ai?ioeeiaia?aae, 1989),
Ananithciiio neiiicioii “Iiiaioaeoi?iay i?ioeeaeoeea EAN” (Oiine,
1989), ?anioaeieainueeie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?
“Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oia eieoaaiiy oai?eo na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie”
(Iaeana, 1989), III-o c’?caei ea?aeiieiaia Eeoae (Eaoian, 1990),
Ieaioii ?anioaeieainueeiai oiaa?enoaa oa?aiaaoia (Iieoaaa, 1989),
Ananithciie eiioa?aioei? “Nia?aiaiiua niiniau eo/aaie aeeaaiinoeee a
ea?aeeieiaee”(Oiine, 1990), V-e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei?
“Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai – cae?aaiio?aiaieth” (Ee?a, 1993),
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioei? – “Iaaiaeeeaaeia oa?aiiy” Aieiaiiai
aienueeiaiai ainiioaeth Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1993), IV-io c’?caei ea?aeiieiaia
Oe?a?ie (Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1993), Ia?oiio Eiia?ani Naioiai? Oaaea?aoei?
Oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo oiaa?enoa (Eueaia, 1993), 2-e Iiaeia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioei? “Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy iaaiaeeeaaeii? iaaeeoeeie” (Iaeana,
1994), Iiaeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oii – “150 ?ieia eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei?
oa?aii? IIO” (Ee?a, 1994), Ieaioii i?aaeiiiy Oe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo
oiaa?enoa ea?aeiieiaia “Iaaiaeeeaaeii noaie a ea?aeiieiai?” (Ee?a,
1994), III-io c’?caei ea?aeiieiaia A?ea?oni (Iiinuee, 1994), ia
caniaeaiii i?iaeaiii? eiiini? “Ea?aeiieiaiy” IIC Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1995),
VII Eiia?ani Naioiai? Oaaea?aoei? Oe?a?inueeeo Eiea?nueeeo Oiaa?enoa
(Iaeana, 1996), ia caniaeaiii A/aii? ?aaee Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo ii. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey (Ee?a, 1996), Ia?oiio Eiia?an?
ea?ae?ieia?a e?a?i NIAe (Iineaa, 1997), ia ?aaei noiiaoieiai/iiai
oaeoeueoo IIO (Ee?a, 1997), XIV c?cae? oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie (Ee?a,
1998), ia caniaeaiii Ai?iaaoeieii? ?aaee ”Caaaeueii ieoaiiy oa?aii?
IIO” (Ee?a, 1999).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeineiaeaeaiue iioaeieiaaii 55 ?iaio i io?eiaii 5
aaoi?nueeeo naiaeioeoa, 6 iaoaio?a, a oaeiae o?e aaeocaai
?aoei?iiiceoei?, acyoi ia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy IE “Ea?aeiieiaiy”, ia yei
aeaeaii iinaiae/aiiy Iiiinoa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie.

NO?OEOO?A OA IANssA AeENA?OAOeI? Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 351
noi?iieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo i neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
eioa?aoo?e, oanoe ?icaeieia aeanieo aeineiaeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy,
aeniiaeia, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie oa nienea eioa?aoo?e, yeee
aeeth/a? 268 aeaea?ae oe?a?ii- oa ?inienueeiiiaieo aaoi?ia i 350
ca?oaiaeieo ?iaio. ?iaioa iinoeoue 52 oaaeeoe?.

IAOA?IAEE OA IAOIAeE AeINEIAeAEAIIss

Iaoa?iaeii /eiiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy noaee niinoa?aaeaiiy, ui
i?iaaaeaii iaie o aiaeaeiei aino?iai iioa?eoo iiiea?aea oa
aiaeiiaethaaeueiiai eieoaaiiy ?inoeoooo ea?aeiieiai? ii.
I.Ae.No?aaeanea AII Oe?a?ie oa iioa?eoiiio i ea?aeiieiai/iiio
aiaeaeieaiiyo Aeiii?ianueeiai oa?eoi?iaeueiiai iaaee/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy
i. Ee?aa, ui ? eeiii/iith aacith eaoaae?e oa?aii? noiiaoieiai/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Iaoeiiiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ii.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Aiaeai? oai?eo aeey ianoaaeaiiy caeienithaaany ca iaoiaeii
?aiaeiiicaoei?. Anueiai aiaeia?aii 469 oai?eo ia ION, o 374 c yeeo ION
aoea oneeaaeiaia NI. ?aooa – ia iaea eeiiiei-iino?oiaioaeueieo oa
aiioiii/ieo iciae NI. Iineyiioa?eoiee ea?aeiineea?ic iaee 300 oai?eo
c iayaiinoth NI i 62 – aac ia?. I?e ia?oiio ianoaaeaiii aeaaiinoue
ia?aianaiiai II o 250 oai?eo neeaaeaea 1-2 ?iee, o 72 – 2-5 ?ieia, o 38
– aieueoa i’yoe ?ieia. Eiio?ieueia a?oia neeaaeaeanue c 86 i?aeoe/ii
caei?iaeo inia. Oai?i anio a?oi aoee ii?iaiaii iiae niaith ca aieii
oa noaooth. Ani oai?i, ui oaieoee aei aeineiaeaeaiiy, aoee /ieiai/i?
noaooi aieii aiae 35 aei 74 ?ieia. I?e ?iciiaeieaiii oai?eo ia a?oie ca
aieii ie ea?oaaeenue ?aeiiaiaeaoeiyie AIIC uiaei yeinieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aieiaeo ia?iiaeia: c?ieee (30-44 ?iee), na?aaeiie (45-59
?ieia), iioeeee (60-74 ?iee). Iniae iieiaeiai (16-29 ?ieia), noa?a/iai
(75-89 ?ieia) aieo oa aeiaaiaeeoaei (90 ?ieia i aieueoa) aei
aeineiaeaeaiiy ia a?aeenue, a?aoiaoth/e iayaiinoue iaaieo
iniaeeainoae ia?aaiao na?oeaai-noaeeiieo caoai?thaaiue a cacia/aieo
aieiaeo eaoaai?iyo.

Oai?i eiiieaenii ianoaaeoaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo iaoiaeia
aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee IIE a a?eo?ioeeoao, o?iiaioeeoao oa
ieacii e?iai aea/aee ?iaaiue IAeA, AeE [E.Ae.Noaeueiay, 1977;
E.Ae.Noaeueiay, A.A.Aa?eoaeee, 1977]. Aeey aiaeico noaio nenoai AIC
aecia/aee aeoeaiinoue NIAe, EO, AO? [I.A. Ei?iethe e niaao. 1988].

Iiaeoeiaaia aa?aaaoeieia ni?iiiaeiinoue o?iiaioeeoia
aeineiaeaeoaaeanue c ?ic?aooaaiiyi iieacieeia ia?oi? (/an ianoaiiy
iaeneiaeueii? aa?aaaoei? oa ae?aaeaiinoue aa?aaaoei?) i ae?oai?
(iayaiinoue oa ae?aaeaiinoue aeacaa?aaaoei?) oace ?aaeoei? [J.I.C.Ingram
et al., 1982].

Niiioaiia aa?aaaoeieia ni?iiiaeiinoue a?eo?ioeeoia
aeineiaeaeoaaeanue ca iaoiaeii A.A.Ethniaa oa ii. [1979], i?e
oeueiio aecia/aeanue ae?aaeaiinoue aa?aaaoei?.

A’yceinoue oa iioi ?aieiai/ii iieacieee e?iai aeii?thaaeenue ia
?ioaoeieiiio aineiceiao?i c aieueiiieaaath/eie oeeeiiae?aie nenoaie
A.I.Caoa?/aiea [1971] i aaiiao?e/ieie ?icii?aie ?iai/eo aeaoaeae.
A?aoiaiaeioe/iei iaoiaeii aecia/aee aaee/eio oyaii? a’yceinoi e?iai
(na) a iIan i?e oaeaeeinoi cnoao 1n-1, 2n-1, 5n-1 , a oaeiae
aioo?ioiuei? a’yceinoi a?eo?ioeeoia (nai) a iIan i?e aiaeiai/ieo
oaeaeeinoyo cnoao. A eaniiianueeeo eii?aeeiaoao aecia/aee iaaeo
oaeo/inoi e?iai (to) a iIa i ?ic?aoiaoaaee eiaoioei?io aa?aaaoei?
a?eo?ioeeoia [E.Merrill et al., 1966] a iIa:10-5. Aaiiciee
aaiaoie?eo aeii?thaaee ia iie?ioeaio?eooci a %.

?aaeiiiioiieiai/ia aecia/aiiy aeoeaiinoi ?aiiio oa eiioeaio?aoeiy
aeueaeinoa?iio ieacie i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith oano-iaai?ia RENK oa
ALDOCTN oi?ie Cea-Ire-Sorin (O?aioeiy).

Iaoei?ioai i?iaiaeeeinue eiiieaenia oeueo?acaoeiaa aeineiaeaeaiiy
na?oey ia aia?aoi Toshiba “SSH-40A” (ssiiiiy). Ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
eieueeinii? aeaiii?ii? aoiea?aeiia?aoi? [A.I.Aia?ia oa ii., 1997]
aecia/aee EAeI EO, ENI EO oa ?o iiaeaene, iano iiiea?aea EO, caaaeueio
OA EO.

I?iaa c AeOI i?iaiaeeeanue ia aaeia?aiiao?i A-02 (N?N?) a
iieiaeaiii neaey/e c caienii AEA ia aia?aoi Mingograf-82
(“Simmens”, Oaaoeiy). Iaaaioaaeaiiy aeeiioaaeinue a ia?oi iieiaeii aeiy
i aoei aacia?a?aiei oa c?inoath/ei. Iiooaeiinoue ia?oiai nooiaith
iaaaioaaeaiiy neeaaeaea 25 Ao c? caieueoaiiyi ia 25 Ao ia eiaeiiio
ianooiiiio ?iaii. E?eoa?iyie coieiee aeiciaaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aoee
aeaeo?iea?aeiia?aoi/ii oa eeiii/ii iciaee ioaii? iiiea?aea, yei
a?aoiaoaaeenue ca ?aeiiaiaeaoeiyie AIIC [1971] oa AEIOe AII N?N?
[1978]. Aeeiiaia ?iaioa ia/enethaaeanue a eAeae, ii?iaiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy
– a Ao, iiaeaieiee aeiaooie – a oiiaieo iaeeieoeyo.

I?e noaoenoe/iie ia?iaoei io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia aecia/aee aeey
aeai?ee oei ?iciiaeieaiiy (ca iayaiinoth oa oa?aeoa?ii aneiao?i? i
aenoeano), na?aaeith a?eoiaoe/io (I), na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia aiaeoeeaiiy
(ue), na?aaeith iiieeeo na?aaeiuei? a?eoiaoe/ii? (m), aeenia?nith,
iiaeo, iaaeiaio, aeiai?/ee iioa?aae na?aaeiuei? a?eoiaoe/ii?, /enei
aa?iaio (n), /anoioo no??/aiiy iciaee o % (?) c iineeaiiyi ia
iiieeeo (mp). Ia/enethaaee aeinoiai?iinoue aiaeiiiiinoi iieacieeia iiae
aeai?eaie ca t-oanoii c aecia/aiiyi /enea nooiaiia naiaiaee oa ?iaiy
aeiai?/i? ai?iaiaeiinoi (?) ca No’thaeaioii.

Ia/enethaaee eiaoioei?ioe eiiieii? ei?aeyoei? (r) oa ?aiaiai?
ei?aeyoei? ca Nii?iaiii (?) c iineeaiiyi ia na?aaeith iiieeeo
eiaoioei?ioia ei?aeyoei? (mr, np). Aecia/aee iioi?iaoeaiinoue
iieacieeia () aeey ioeiiee aiaeiiiiinoae iiae a?oiaie oai?eo.

I?e ainiioaeicaoei? oa a i?ioeani i?iaaaeaiiy oa?aiaaoe/ieo
caoiaeia ani oai?i iiaeeyaaee ?aoaeueiiio eeiii/iiio ianoaaeaiith.
I?eaeieyeanue oaaaa aeyaeaiith caaeeoee, ia?ieneciaeueii? ii/ii?
caaeeoee, i?oiiiia, na?oeaaeo iaa?yeia, oaoiea?aei?, aieiaeo o?eiia a
ieaeiio aiaeaeieao eaaaiue, oienoaaeanue iayaiinoue canoieii?
aaiaoiiaaaei?, aiae?ioi?aeno oa anoeeoo. Oaeiae aecia/aeenue
ianiaoeeoi/ii, i?ioa iioe?aii i?e NI, neaaeinoue, noiieaiinoue,
iayaiinoue aieiaiiai aieth, ii?ooaiiy iai’yoi, aacniiiy, aeiaoyieoey,
oeeaiic.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei caaaeaiue aeineiaeaeaiiy o anio ianoaaeaieo
oai?eo ia ION i?iaiaeeeinue aecia/aiiy iayaiinoi oa noaaei? NI caiaeii
c ?iai/ith eeaneoieaoei?th NI Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
ea?aeiieiaia [1996]. Aeai? /eiii? eeaneoieaoei? coiiaeaiee oei, ui a
iie aeo?eiaia oa?iiiieiai/ia ianooiiinoue o aeaeieaiii noaaeie oa
ia?iiaeia ?icaeoeo NI, caa?aaeaii eeiii/iee i?eioeei oa o?enoaaeieia
nenoaia ye i a aiaeiiaiaeieo eeaneoieaoeiyo I.Ae.No?aaeanea i
A.O.Aaneeaiea, ui aeo?eiaea o?eaaeo ia?aai?eo /anii. C iioiai aieo, a
/eiiie eeaneoieaoei? ciaeoee aiaeia?aaeaiiy aieiaii oaiaeaioei?, ui
iathoue iinoea a no/aniie naioiaie ea?aeiieiai?, iai?eeeaae,
?iciiaeieaiiy iaoei?ioia ca OE c aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa?i?a
Iueth-Ei?enueei? anioeiaoei? na?oey, aeaeieaiiy nenoiei/iiai oa
aeianoiei/iiai aa?iaioia NI, ?? aeieeiii/ii? noaaei?, ui ?iaeoue ??
aieueo aeeiaii/iith oa iaaeeaea? aei caaaeueiii?eeiyoieo ii?i naioiai?
i?aeoeee.

Ea?oth/enue iniiaieie iieiaeaiiyie oei?? eeaneoieaoei?, ie, c 469
ianoaaeaieo oai?eo ia ION, aecia/eee iayaiinoue NI IA no. o 142
oai?eo, IA no. – o 126, IIA no. – o 106. Oaeiae aei
aeineiaeaeaiiy oaieoee ua 95 oai?eo ia ION, o yeeo caaaeueia OA EO oa
ia’?ie ii?iaeiei na?oey ia ia?aaeuoaaee ii?io, aea iaaeeaeaeenue aei ??
aa?oiuei? iaaei. O anio oeeo oai?eo caaaeueia OA EO aoea a aeiaiaciii
a 50-55%, ia iieacieee EAeI EO oa ENI EO oaeiae iioe?thaaany
aeanyoeaiaenioeiaee aeiione.

Ca iaoiaeii ?aaeiiioeeiaeii? aaio?eeoeia?aoi? ianoaaeaii 30
oai?eo ia ION aac niiia?aoi/ieo iciae NI, 25 – c NI IA no., 20 – c NI
IA no., 10 – c NI IIA no. Io?eiaii ?acoeueoaoe aoee ii?iaiaii c
aeaieie ianoaaeaiiy 20 caei?iaeo inia. Aieueo iioi?iaoeaiee ii?iaiyii
c niiia?aoi?th, aea iaio aeinooiiee, iaoiae aeineiaeaeaiiy
aeicaieea aeyaeoe cia/ii ii?ooaiiy aioo?ioiueina?oeaai? aaiiaeeiaiiee o
anio aac aeiyoeo oai?eo, ui ianoaaeoaaeenue.

Oae ye c? caieueoaiiyi noaaei? NI niinoa?iaaeinue i?ia?aneaia
iiai?oaiiy iieacieeia aaio?eeoeia?aoi?, aaaaea?ii ca aeioeieueia
cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia ii?iaiyiii iieacieeia oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie
oa oai?eo ia ION aac niiia?aoi/ieo iciae NI. Oae, na?aaeiy ii?iaeiciaaia
oaeaeeinoue aeii?iaeiaiiy EO aei?iaithaaea 2,860,31 n-1 oa 1,700,11
n-1 (?0,05) eiiiaeiiai iaiiio.

Ani cacia/aii ?iciiaeaee ni?aaioia aoaeoeaii aeithoue ia
i?ioeane IIE, cieaeoth/e eiioeaio?aoei? ye ii/aoeiaeo, oae i eiioeaaeo
i?iaeoeoia ia?aieeneaiiy eiiiaeia. Iacia/ia cieaeaiiy na?aaeiio cia/aiue
aeoeaiinoi oa?iaioia AIC, ui niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e oeueiio, iaeaieueo
ai?iaiaeii, ? naiae/aiiyi ciaioaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
oei oa?iaioii nenoaie. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iiaeia oaeiae aiai?eoe i?i
noaaieicaoeith ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoai AIC, oae ye na?aaeii cia/aiiy
oeeo iieacieeia ia iiaiinoth aiaeia?aaeathoue iniaeeainoi ?oiuei?
aeeiaiiee iiney eieoaaiiy aioa?ini?aaioii. I?ioa canoinoaaiiy aeey
noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee iaoiaeo aeueoa?iaoeaiiai aa?ithaaiiy naiae/eoue,
ui ii/aoeiai iiaeaeuaii cia/aiiy aeoeaiinoi oa?iaioia AIC a aieueoinoi
aeiaaeeia cieaeothoueny, a ii/aoeiai cieaeaii – iaaiaee, ia?aaaaeii,
c?inoathoue. Iiaeiaia aeeiaiiea, ia iao iiaeyae, ? iiceoeaiith i
aiaeia?aaea? ciaioaiiy iai?oaeaiiy ooieoeiiioaaiiy AIC ia aoaiao
eiiiainaoei? oa aiaeiiaeaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueii? ni?iiiaeiinoi ia
aoaiao aeaeiiiainaoei?.

Caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao iiooaeia aioeieneaeaioia aeiy ni?aaioia,
yea cia/ii ia?ae?eaa? iiaeiaio oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo (?0,05). A oie aea /an
eiioeaio?aoei? aetheice a ieacii (p0,05) i?e iayaiinoi ei?aeyoeaiiai ca’yceo
iiae, iai?eeeaae, eiioeaio?aoei?th aeueaeinoa?iio ieacie oa
aeiaiaith aene?aoei?th AIE c na/ath (r=0,5300,134; p0,05). Iaaaaeai? ci?ie
/?oei i?iyaeeenue /a?ac o?e oeaei? a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy eaiioaiii ?
o?eaaeee /an (o?e i?nyoe?) caa??aaeenue i?ney eiai a?aei?ie.

A a?oi? oai?eo, yeei i?ecia/aeanue aacenia aioeaia?iaeueia oa?ai?y,
iiae?aieo ci?i i? ia ia?oiio, i? ia ae?oaiio aoaiao aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aei?/aii ia aoei. Aeeiai?ea ??ai?a i?iaeoeo?a IIE, a oaeiae
aioeieneaeaioieo oa?iaio?a aoea ??aiini?yiiaaiith ? noaoenoe/ii
iaaeinoia??iith (an? ?>0,05).

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy aeanii? aioeieneaeaioii? ae?? eaiioaio
aeine?aeaeoaaee ni?iiiaei?noue oeueiai oa?ii?aia?aoo aca?iiae?yoe c
aeeoai?ei?e?eea?ae?aceiii. Eiinoaioa oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? neeaea aeey
eaiioaio 18083 e/iieue ia ? oa., ui cia/ii ia?aaeuo? aeanio
aioeieneaeaioio aeoeai?noue i?o?ii?aia?ao?a, aaoa-aae?aiiaeieaoi??a,
aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th, na?oeaaeo ae?eiceae?a, na/ia?iieo, eiinoaioa
oaeaeeino? ?aaeoe?? aeiaeiiai c yeeo ia ia?aaeuoaaea 0,901 e/iieue ia ?
oa..

Canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo oa?aiaaoe/ieo caoiaeia aeicaieeei
nei?ioeoe oa?iiie oei/aniai? iai?aoeacaeaoiinoi ii?iaiyii c eiio?ieai
ia 4,00,7 aeia o oai?eo ia ION c NI, ui iaee ia?aianaiee II a aiaiiaci,
oa ia 4,20,7 aeia – o oai?eo, aea NI aeieeaea ia oei aoa?ineea?ioe/iiai
ea?aeiineea?ico.

Eo?niaa i?ecia/aiiy aioa?ini?aoei? aeiaeaoeiai aei
aioeaiaiiaeueii? oa?aii? o oai?eo, ui ia?aianee II, ia aoaii aecia/aiiy
caeeoeiai? i?aoeani?iiiaeiinoi oa ae?ioaiiy iiaeaeueoiai o?oaeiaiai
i?iaiico a 78,36,1% aeiaaeeia ni?eyei iiaeaeuaiith oiea?aioiinoi aei
AeOI o oai?eo c ?? iecueeeie aeoiaeieie cia/aiyie. I?e oeueiio
/anoioa iiaeaeuaiiy ia?aiiniinoi AeOI i?e aaeeaaiii eeoa
aioeaiaiiaeueieo caniaia eieeaaeanue o iaaeao 4,24,1 – 14,76,1%.

Aaeocaaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ia? ye
nioeiaeueii-eieoaaeueiee, oae i aeiiiii/iee aoaeo, oae ye oai?i, ui
/a?ac iecueeee ?iaaiue ia?aiiniinoi AeOI iiaeiii aoee aeoiaeeoe ia a?oio
iiaaeiaeiinoi, iiaeooue i?iaeiaaeoaaoe naith i?ioanieio
aeiyeueiinoue.

A E N I I A E E

1. Oi?ioaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi o oai?eo ia ioaii/io
oai?iao na?oey ia? ?icaeyaeaoenue ye caaaeueiee i?ioean c nenoaiieie
i?iyaaie, yei ? aiaeia?aaeaiiyi /eneaiieo aaeaioaoeieii-eiiiainaoi?ieo
iaoaiiciia, ui iinooiiai ao?a/athoue i?enoinoaaeueio nea?iaaiinoue oa
iaaoaathoue iaoiaaiaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae.

2. O oai?eo ia aoa?ineea?ioe/iee ea?aeiineea?ic, oneeaaeiaiee
na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth IA noaaei?, o 45% niinoa?aaeaiue
aiaeii/aeinue ia?aaaaeaiiy iaaeinoaoiinoi aeeeaeo, o 26% – ia?aaaaeia
iaaeinoaoiinoue i?eoieo i o 29% niinoa?aaeaiue aoea caoieniaaia
?iaiicia/ia o/anoue iaio iaoaiiciia na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi. O oai?eo
ia iineyiioa?eoiee ea?aeiineea?ic o 53% ianoaaeaieo ia?aaaaeaea
iaaeinoaoiinoue aeeeaeo, o 47% – aecia/aeanue ciioaia oi?ia na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi.

3. Iiaeaethaaiiy ioaii? iiiea?aea i?e i?iaaaeaiii aaeia?aiiao?e/ieo
no?an-oanoia c aeiciaaiei oice/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi o oai?eo ia
aoa?ineea?ioe/iee ea?aeiineea?ic, oneeaaeiaiee na?oeaaith
iaaeinoaoiinoth IA noaaei?, noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue cieaeaiiyi caaaeueii?
o?aeoei? aeeeaeo eiaiai oeoii/ea c 55,6% aei 51,1% o ?aci aeniei?
oiea?aioiinoi aei oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue oa c 48,3% aei 39,2% – i?e
iecueeie oiea?aioiinoi. Aiaeiiaiaeii cia/aiiy caaaeueii? o?aeoei?
aeeeaeo eiaiai oeoii/ea o oai?eo ia iineyiioa?eoiee ea?aeiineea?ic,
oneeaaeiaiee na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth IA noaaei?, neeaaeaee 49,2%
i 39,7% -i?e aenieie oa 46,4% i 35,2% – i?e iecueeie oiea?aioiinoi aei
oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue.

4. O oai?eo, ui iaee cieaeaiiy o?aeoei? aeeeaeo eiaiai oeoii/ea
ia aenioi iaaaioaaeaiiy ia 20% i aieueoa, ii?iaiyii c oai?eie ia
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey c na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth, o yeeo aeeiaiiea
oeueiai iieacieea aoea iaio nooo?aith, aeinoiai?ii /anoioa aiaeii/aeenue
aiiciaee iiaeaeuaiiy a?oa?iaeueiiai oeneo, caaaeueia o?eaaeinoue,
eieueeinoue oa oeeeei/iinoue aiiciaeia ioaii? iiiea?aea, iayaiinoue
aiia?o?ioi? caaeiuei? noiiee eiaiai oeoii/ea, eieueeinoue aiiciaeia
ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey.

5. O oai?eo ia aoa?ineea?ioe/iee oa iineyiioa?eoiee
ea?aeiineea?ic ia?aaia na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi aecia/a?oueny
iayaiinoth nooo?aeo aiaeiiiiinoae iae?iaoii?aeueiiai noaoono. Oai?i ia
iineyiioa?eoiee ea?aeiineea?ic iathoue aeinoiai?ii aeui ?iaii
iieacieeia, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ooieoeiiiaeueiee noai
neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai? oa ?aiii-aiaiioaicei-aeueaeinoa?iiiai? nenoai,
yei ia iiaeeyaathoue iaeaaeiie ei?aeoei? i?e aeei?enoaiii
aioeaiaiiaeueii? oa?aii?.

6. I?ia?aneaia iaaeiiiy iniioe/ii? oa iaoaii/ii? ?acenoaioiinoi
a?eo?ioeeoia i?e caieueoaiii oyaeeinoi na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi ?
naiae/aiiyi iiai?oaiiy ii?oi-ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio iaia?aiieo no?oeoo?
a i?aaiicii a oeieiio, aeeth/ath/e na?oeaaee i’yc, i iiaea aooe
aeiaeaoeiaei e?eoa?i?i aeiaaiinoeee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi.

7. Oi?ioaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ciiiaie ooieoeiiiaeueii? aeoeaiinoi oa?iaioia o?ainiaia?aiiiai
o?ainii?oo iiiia, ui aea? iiaeeeainoue ?o canoinoaaiiy, cie?aia
Na-AOOace, a yeinoi aeiaaiinoe/ieo e?eoa?i?a na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi, aeeth/ath/e ?? ?aiii noaaei?.

8. Ca oiia oieanoa?eiiai? iiaeaei aoa?ineea?ico o e?ieia
canoinoaaiiy aioa?ini?aoei? caiiaiaa? aeieeiaiith ii?oieiai/ieo ciii a
a?oa?iaeueieo noaeeiao oa ii?ooaiith ooieoeiiiaeueieo aeanoeainoae
aiaeioaeith, no?eioth/e oaeei /eiii i?ioean ?icaeoeo
aoa?ineea?ioe/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue. Aioeieneaeaioia aeiy aioa?ini?aaioia
NEI inoioii ia?aaeuo? iiaeiaio oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo, iniaeeai ca oiia
cia/ii? iioaineoieaoei? aieueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy, oae ye i?e
oeueiio ni?aaioe, ia aiaeiiio aiae oieioa?ieo aoeaoaoo, naii ia
iiaeeyaathoue ieeneaiith.

9. Nieueiai oi?ie aioa?ini?aaioia NEI noaaieicothoue
aeaeo?ieioiee iaiii, aeenaaeain yeiai aeieea? ia ?aiiio aoaiao na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi, ii?iaeicoth/e niiaaiaeiioaiiy iniiaieo aeaeo?ieioia ye
a ieacii e?iai, oae i a?eo?ioeeoao. A neeaaeieo ?ic/eiao ni?aaioe
aenooiathoue ye nai??iaeii aooa?ii nenoaie, ia?oi/a?aiai ca’ycoth/e
?a/iaeie c iaeaieueoeie eiioeaio?aoeiyie oa noaaieicoth/e i?e oeueiio
no?oeoo?o ?ic/eio.

10. I?e canoinoaaiii aioeaiaiiaeueieo i?aia?aoia, iniaeeai c aoaeoii
i?yii? aaciaeeeaoaoi?ii? aei?, iineeth?oueny iaoaaiei/ia aeoeaaoeiy
aieueieo aee?ieo eeneio. Aeiaeaoeiaa i?ecia/aiiy aei aacenii? oa?aii?
iieae?iiaoo coiiaeth? nooo?aa cieaeaiiy aiinoo aee?ieo eeneio a
iaia?aiao a?eo?ioeeoia i?e iaeii/aniiio caieueoaiii aiaeiinii? /anoee
noia?ieo oinoieiiiaeia. Ii?iaeicaoeiy niiaaiaeiioaiiy ie?aieo
neeaaeiaeo iaia?aiieo no?oeoo? oa nea?iaaiinoue iaaeeeoeo aieueieo
aee?ieo eeneio ia neioac oinoieiiiaeia iiceoeaii aieeaa? oaeiae ia iioi
i?iyae, ui iaoiiaeaii ii?oi-ooieoeiiiaeueiei noaiii eeioeiieo iaia?ai,
ciaiooth/e ae?aaeaiinoue aa?aaaoei? oa aaeaaci? o?iiaioeeoia,
iineaaethth/e ia?aaia iioiiiaoieiai/ieo i?ioeania, aiaeiiaethth/e
?acenoaioiinoue a?eo?ioeeoia aei aei? iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi?ia.

I ? A E O E * I I ? A E I I A I Ae A Oe I I

1. Aeey iiaeaeuaiiy yeinoi aeiaaiinoeee na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi, ii/eiath/e c ?? ?aiiio noaaeie, o oai?eo ia ioaii/io
oai?iao na?oey aeioeieueii aeiaeaoeiai aeei?enoiaoaaoe iioi?iaoeaii
eaai?aoi?ii-iino?oiaioaeueii iieacieee, a naia: aecia/aiiy aeoeaiinoi
Na-AOOace, ?acenoaioiinoi a?eo?ioeeoia aei aei? iniiaieo
iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi?ia, aeiaiai? aene?aoei? aaiieie-ieaaeaeaai?
eeneioe iiney i?iaaaeaiiy i?iaieaoeieieo i?ia c aeiciaaiei oice/iei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi, oaeaeeinoae iaiiaiaiiy oa aeii?iaeiaiiy eiaiai oeoii/ea
ia oiii no?an-oanoia c aeiciaaiei oice/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi.

2. ?acoeueoaoe noaiaeiaeo aeineiaeaeaiue aeanoeainoae nieueiaeo
oi?i ieeneaieo ni?aaioia NEI oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue ia
e?ieyo a i?ioeani oi?ioaaiiy oieanoa?eiiai? iiaeaei aoa?ineea?ico
aeicaieythoue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe canoinoaaiiy oeeo iiaeeoieaoeie ni?aaioia
NEI o oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey c na?oeaaith
iaaeinoaoiinoth, oae ye i?e oeueiio caaacia/o?oueny ia oieueee
aioeieneaeaioiee oa aiiieiiiaeaii/iee aoaeo, aea e no?eio?oueny
?icaeoie aoa?ineea?ioe/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue noaeeiieo noiiie. Aeey
iiia?aaeaeaiiy iiaeaeueoiai i?ia?anoaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi o
oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey iaiaoiaeia aeeoa?aioeieiaaia
i?ecia/aiiy ?icieo iiaeeoieaoeie nieueiaeo oi?i ieeneaieo ni?aaioia
NEI aaea i?e na?oeaaie iaaeinoaoiinoi IA noaaei?. Iayaiinoue iaaieo
caeiiiii?iinoae oi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?ieioiiai aeenaaeaino i?e na?oeaaie
iaaeinoaoiinoi ia oiii ioaii/ii? oai?iae na?oey coiiaeth? iaiaoiaeiinoue
?aoeiiiaeueiiai canoinoaaiiy ?icieo iiaeeoieaoeie aioa?ini?aaioia NEI c
a?aooaaiiyi o eiie?aoieo oai?eo iniaeeainoae ciii aeaeo?ieioiiai
i?ioieth.

3. Ca oiia oi?ioaaiiy na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi o oai?eo ia
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey aeioeieueiei ? i?ecia/aiiy iieae?iiaoo, yeee
caeaoai no?eioaaoe o?ainii?o aieueieo aee?ieo eeneio /a?ac iaia?aie
iioioiiae?ie i ciaiooaaoe oaeei /eiii ?o iaeiie/aiiy oa oiene/iee aieea
ia eeioeie, caiiaiaath/e aeaoioeeoo AOO.

4. I?e aeoiaeieo cia/aiiyo ia?aiiniinoi iaaaioaaeaiiy ieae/a 75 Ao
oai?ei, yei ia?aianee iioa?eo iiiea?aea, aeioeieueii aeiaeaoeiai
i?ecia/aoe aioa?ini?aaio NEI ii 30-45 a uiaeiae i?ioyaii 10-15
aeiia, ui o 78,36,1% niinoa?aaeaiue ni?ey? iiaeaeuaiith oiea?aioiinoi
aei aeiciaaiiai oice/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy
cai?iiiiiaaiiai iaoiaeo iiaeaeuaiiy oiea?aioiinoi aei aeiciaaiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy o oai?eo, ui ia?aianee iioa?eo iiiea?aea, ia aoaii
aecia/aiiy caeeoeiai? i?aoeani?iiiaeiinoi oa ae?ioaiiy o?oaeiaiai
i?iaiico, aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oa?iiie ?aaaieioaoei? o cacia/aii?
eaoaai?i? oai?eo, caaacia/o? ?o iiaa?iaiiy aei nai?? iiia?aaeiuei?
i?ioaniiiaeueii? aeiyeueiinoi aac ia?aaiaeo ia a?oio iiaaeiaeiinoi.

Nienie iioaeieiaaieo iaoeiaeo ?iaio ca oaiith aeena?oaoeii

1. Neaaecaaneay E.E., Aoeueaea A.E., Aaaia E.Ae. Yioa?ini?aaio NEI a
eiiieaeniii ainnoaiiaeoaeueiii ea/aiee aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo
ieiea?aea //A?a/aaiia aeaei.- 1991.- N 9.- C. 87-89.

2. Naoa?/oe E.E., Aeaienaiei A.O., Aeoaeea I.O., Neaeaeueneay E.I.,
Aoeueaea A.E. I?eiaiaiea ieeae?iiaoa a i?ioeeaeoeea iiaoi?iiai
eioa?eoa ieiea?aea //Aeia?oiie/aneay aieaciue. Aoa?ineea?ic.
Ei?iia?iay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue. – Eeaa: “Caei?ia’y”, 1991.- N 23. –
N.46-50.

3. Neaaecaaneay E.E., A?aoonue A.A., Aaaia E.Ae., Aoeueaea A.E.,
No?aeei A.A., Ai?iieia A.N., Aano?aoiaa E.I., Na?aeaiei I.A.,
Oa?aiaiei A.I., Enaa/eeia E.I., Iaaeaaaeaa N.E. I?eiaiaiea
yioa?ini?aaioa NEI i?e aeia?eeiii?ioaeaeaieyo
(Eeeieei-yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea) //Oa?. a?oea.-1992.-O. 64. –
N.8. – N. 15-17.

4. Neaaecaaneay E.E., Eeueyo I.A., Aoeueaea A.E., E?uaeaiianeee A.A.,
Ea?aiaie/ay I.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo
eioa?eo ieiea?aea, ia iieeeeeie/aneii yoaia //Iaaeeoeeineea i?iaeaiu
oece/aneie eoeueoo?u. – Eeaa: “Caei?ia’y”. – 1993. – Aui. 12. – N.
22-25.

5. Neaaecaaneay E.E., No?iaaiiaa I.I., Eeueyo I.A., Aieiaeia TH.AE.,
Aoeueaea A.E. Nie?aoeoaeueiay ooieoeey ieiea?aea e oiea?aioiinoue e
oece/aneie iaa?ocea o eeoe, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea
//Iaaeeoeeineea i?iaeaiu oece/aneie eoeueoo?u. – Eeaa: “Caei?ia’y”.
– 1993. – Aui. 12. – N. 29-32.

6. E?eaie I.A., Aoeueaea A.E., Uaiioei A.I. Ono?ienoai aeey iienea
no?oeoo? YOI-eieaoeee a oneiaeyo aeeeoaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey
ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey na?aeoea //Aeia?oiie/aneay aieaciue,
aoa?ineea?ic e ei?iia?iay iaaeinoaoi/iinoue. Eeaa:”Caei?ia’y”. -1993.
-N.25. -C.136-139.

7. Naoa?/oe I.I., Aoeueaea A.I. Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa
eeiii/iee aeinaiae canoinoaaiiy iieae?iiaoo a ea?aeiieiai/iie
i?aeoeoei //Oe?. ea?aeiie. aeo?iae. -1996. -N.5-6. – N.107-111.

8. Aoeueaea A.I. Iniaeeainoi eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia na?oeaao
iaaeinoaoiinoue c ioaii/iith oai?iaith na?oey //Aeooaeueii i?iaeaie
iaaeeoeeie i aiieiai? – Ee?a. -1997. – O. 3. – N. 328-330.

9. Aoeueaea A.I. Aioeieneaeaioii aeanoeainoi eaiioaio //Aeooaeueii
i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie i aiieiai? – Ee?a. – 1997. -O.3. – N. 325 – 327.

10.Aoeueaea A.I. Ia?iee aaeia?aiiao?e/iee oano ye cania ia’?eoeaicaoei?
aoaeoeaiinoi aioeaiaiiaeueii? oa?aii? o oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao
na?oey //Oe?a?inueeee ea?aeiieiai/iee aeo?iae. – 1997. – N 3. – Aei.
11. – N. 18-20.

11.Aoeueaea A.I. Iniaeeainoi iae?iaoii?aeueiiai oa aeaeo?ieioiiai
i?ioieth o oai?eo c ?ao?aeoa?iith na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth
//Oe?a?inueeee ea?aeiieiai/iee aeo?iae. – 1997. – N 3. – Aei. 11. –
N. 52-54.

12.Aoeueaea A.I. Ei?aeoeiy iaaaaeaieo ianeiaeeia aeieiceaeioa?aii? o
oai?eo ia o?iii/io na?oeaao iaaeinoaoiinoue //Oe?a?inueeee
ea?aeiieiai/iee aeo?iae. – 1997. – N 5. – Aei. 11. – N. 60 – 63.

13.Aoeueaea A.I. No?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueiee noai iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeoia
i?e na?oeaaie iaaeinoaoiinoi //Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee
iieiaeiaeiee aeo?iae. – 1998. – N 1. – N. 3-7.

14.Aoeueaea A.I. Iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiioaaiiy
?aiii-aiaiioaicei-aeueaeinoa?iiiai? nenoaie ca oiiae oi?ioaaiiy
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi //Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiaeiaeiee
aeo?iae. – 1998. – N 4. – N. 15-20.

15.Aoeueaea A.I. I?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy oaeoi?ia, yei iathoue aieea ia
aoaeoeaiinoue aiaeiiaethaaeueiiai eieoaaiiy oai?eo, ui ia?aianee
iioa?eo iiiea?aea //AEo?iae “Aanoiee i?iaeai aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu” –
Iieoaaa, Oa?ueeia. – 1998. – N 9. – N. 45-54.

16.Aoeueaea A.I. Aeeiaiiea aaeaino eenith a oeaieiao, eiai niiaeeaaiiy
oa nii?iaeiaiinoi aaiiaeiaiio aei eenith o oai?eo ia ioaii/io
oai?iao na?oey, oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth
//Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiaeiaeiee aeo?iae. – 1999. – N
1-2.- C. 28-30.

17.Naoa?/oe ?.?., Aoeueaea A.?., Aoanueeee TH.?. Ae?eiceaeia
?ioieneeaoe?y o oai?eo ia o?ii?/io na?oeaao iaaeinoaoi?noue ? aieea ia
ia? aioa?ini?aoe?? //Iaeanueeee iaaee/iee aeo?iae. – 1999. – N 2 (52). –
N.5-8.

18.A.n. 1448462 NNN?, IEE A 61 A 8/00. Ono?ienoai aeey oeenaoeee
aeao/eea yoiea?aeeia?aoa /A.I.Uaiioei, I.A.E?eaie, A.E.Aoeueaea (NNN?).
– N 4278956/14. Cayaeaii 06.07.87; Iioae. 07.08.89, Athe. N 29. –
6 n.

19.A.n. 1677636 NNN?, IEE GII A 33/513. Ciinia aeeaaiinoeee na?aea/iie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoe i?e eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea
/E.E.Naoa?/oe, TH.E.Aoaneee, A.N.A?ooei, A.E.Aoeueaea (NNN?). – N
4462324/14. Cayaeaii 18.07.88; Iioae. 15.05.91, Athe.N 34.-6n.

20.A.n. 1685453 NNN?, IEE E 31/205.Niinia ea/aiey na?aea/iie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoe /E.E.Naoa?/oe, A.O.Aeaienaiei, I.E.Aiaea?aoeeay, A.N.
A?ooei, A.O. Iiaeeiaa, A.E. Aoeueaea, I.O. Aeoaeea, ?.E.
Eeueieoeeee (NNN?). -N 4458446/14. Cayaeaii 11.07.88; Iioae. 22.07.91,
Athe. N 39. – 6 n.

21.A.n. 1725123 NNN?, IEE G 01 33/53. Niinia aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie
aeeaaiinoeee noaaeeueiie noaiiea?aeee e ino?iai eioa?eoa ieiea?aea
/A.E.A?eoethe, A.I.Oaaei?e/, O.A.Ieueeiaa, E.I. Aa?oaoaae/, A.N.
Oa?ii, E.E. Ne?eiea, A.E. Aoeueaea, Oaeaae Naaa (NNN?). -N
4712859/14. Cayaeaii 03.07.89; Iioae. 08.12.91, Athe. N. 13. -10 n.

22.A.n. 1769888 NNN?, IEE A 61 E 33/14. Niinia iiauoaiey oiea?aioiinoe
e aeice?iaaiiie oece/aneie iaa?ocea o aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo
ieiea?aea /E.E.Neaaecaaneay, A.E.Aoeueaea, O.Ae.Ieeoea, E.Ae.Aaaia
(NNN?). -N 4744500/14. Cayaeaii 11.07.89; Iioae. 23.10.92, Athe. N 39. –
6 n.

23.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 A 8/02. Niin?a ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiino? / Aoeueaea A.?. (UA), IIO; ? 98020641, cayae. 05.02.98,
??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae a?ae 30.10.98?.

24.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 E 31/00. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy ae?eiceaeii?
?ioieneeaoe?? / Aoeueaea A.?. (UA), IIO; ? 98031210, caya. 10.03.98,
??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae a?ae 08.12.98?.

25.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 A 10/00; G 01 N 33/16. Niin?a ae?aaiinoeee
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?. / Aoeueaea A.?., Naoa?/oe ?.?., Aoanueeee
TH.?. (UA), IIO; ? 98031458, cayae. 24.03.98, ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o
iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae a?ae 05.02.99?.

26.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 E 31/395. Aioeieneaeaioiee can?a / Aoeueaea
A.?. (UA), IIO; ? 98020638, cayae. 05.02.98, ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo
ia aeiao?ae a?ae 05.02.99?.

27.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 A 10/00; G 01 N 33/48. Niin?a aeyaeaiiy
?ao?aeoa?ieo aei ea?ae?io?iiieo cania?a oi?i o?ii?/ii? iaaeinoaoiino?
e?iaiia?ao / Aoeueaea A.?. (UA), IIO, ? 98031457, cayae.24.03.98,
??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae a?ae 05.02.99?.

28.Iaoaio UA IIE 6 A 61 10/00; G 01 N 33/16. Niin?a ae?aaiinoeee
i?eoiaaii? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? / Aoeueaea A.?., Aoanueeee TH.?.,
Naoa?/oe ?.?. (UA), IIO, ? 98073842; cayae.16.07.98, ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o
iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae a?ae 23.03.99?.

29.Oaaei?e/ A.I., Ieueeiaa O.A., Aa?oaoaae/ E.I., Aoeueaea A.E.
Yoaiu aoii?aeueiie eiioiieiae/aneie ?aaeoeaiinoe e
eaeoaoaeaaeae?iaaiaca /EAeA/ e e?aaoeioinoieeiaca /EOE/ i?e eioa?eoa
ieiea?aea //Iao. 3-ai nuacaea ea?aeeieiaia ONN?. -Eeaa, 1988. -N.
181-182.

30.Aiaeia? I.I., I?enooithe A.I. Aoeueaea A.E. I?eiaiaiea oaea?iaeiuo
ni?aaioia eae aioeieneaeaioiuo i?aia?aoia //Iao. VI Ananithciiai
nuacaea oa?iaeieiaia.- Oaoeaio, 1988.- C. 52-53.

31.Naoa?/oe E.E., Aoaneee TH.E., A?ooei A.N., Aoeueaea A.E. Niinia
aeeaaiinoeee na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe i?e eoaie/aneie aieacie
na?aeoea //Iao. VI nuacaea ?anioaeeeaineiai iao/iiai iauanoaa
a?a/ae-eaai?aioia. -Ai?ioeeiaia?aae, 1988. -C. 30.

32.Naoa?/oe E.E., Aeaienaiei A.O., A?ooei A.N., Aiaea?aoeeay I.E.,
Aoeueaea A.E. Aoi?e/iay i?ioeeaeoeea na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe i?e
EAN //Iao. Ananithciiai neiiiceoia “Iiiaioaeoi?iay i?ioeeaeoeea
eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea”. -Oiine, 1989. *. 2.- N.264.

33.Aoeueaea A.E., Aaaia E.Ae., Ayo/aiei-Ea?ieineay A.A., E?aaoeiaa E.A.,
Ua?aae ss.TH. I?eiaiaiea yioa?ini?aoeee a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee e
i?ioeeaeoeea EAN //Iao. Ananithciiai neiiiceoia “Iiiaioaeoi?iay
i?ioeeaeoeea eoaie/aneie aieacie na?aeoea”.-Oiine, 1989. *. 2.-N. 174.

34.Neaaecaaneay E.E., Aoeueaea A.E., Aaaia E.Ae., Ua?aae ss.TH.
I?eiaiaiea yioa?ini?aaioa NEI aeey ei??aeoeee ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey
eeieaeia o aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea //Iao.
?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Naiaoi?ii-
eo?i?oiia ea/aiea aieueiuo n caaieaaaieyie na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie
nenoaiu”. -Iaeanna, 1989. -N. 156-157.

35.Naoa?/oe E.E., A?ooei A.N., Aoeueaea A.E. Niinia ioeaiee
yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe i?e EAN //Iao.
?anioaeeeaineie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Naiaoi?ii-eo?i?oiia
ea/aiea aieueiuo n caaieaaaieyie na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoie nenoaiu”.
-Iaeanna, 1989. -N. 165-166.

36.Neaaecaaneay E.E., Aoeueaea A.E., Aaaia E.Ae., Ayo/aiei-Ea?ieineay
A.A., E?aaoeiaa E.A., Ua?aae ss.TH. Yioa?ini?aoeey a
ainnoaiiaeoaeueiii ea/aiee aieueiuo eioa?eoii ieiea?aea //Iao.
ieaioia ?anioaeeeaineiai iauanoaa oa?aiaaoia “Iaioeiaeiua ninoiyiey a
eeeieea aioo?aiieo aieaciae”. -Iieoaaa, 1989. -N. 155-156.

37.Neaaecaaneay E.E., Eeueyo I.A., Aaaia E.Ae., E?aaoeiaa E.A.,
Ayo/aiei A.A., Aoeueaea A.E., Ua?aae ss.TH., Ea?aiaie/ay I.I. Iiuo
i?iaaaeaiey ?aaaeeeoaoeee aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea
//Iao. iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu
aiaoeaoi?ii-iieeeeeie/aneie iiiiue ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia”. -Eeaa,
1989. -N. 98-100 .

38.E?eaie I.A., Uaiioei A.I., Aoeueaea A.E. Niinia iaoiaeaeaiey
naaiaioia YOI-eieaoeee i?e enneaaeiaaiee aioo?ena?aea/iie aaiiaeeiaieee
o aieueiuo aeia?oiie/aneie aieaciueth e eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea
//Eioi?iaoeeiiiia ienueii. – Eeaa, 1989.

39.Naoa?/oe E.E., Neaeaeueneay E.I., Aeoaeea I.O., Ai?aeiiin A.A.,
Aoeueaea A.E. Ea/aiea na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aieueiuo eoaie/aneie
aieaciueth na?aeoea ieeae?iiaoii e O-aeoeaeiii //Iao. 3 nuacaea
ea?aeeieiaia Eeoau. -Eaoian, 1990. -N. 183-184.

40.E?eaie I.A., Aoeueaea A.E., Uaiioei A.I. Ono?ienoai aeey eco/aiey
ii?oi-ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey na?aeoea //Iao. Ananithciie
eiioa?aioeee “Nia?aiaiiua niiniau eo/aaie aeeaaiinoeee a ea?aeeieiaee”.
-Oiine, 1990. -N. 173.

41.E?eaie I.A., Aoeueaea A.E., Uaiioei A.I. Ono?ienoai aeey aiaeeca
yoiia?aiao?ia na?aeoea //Iao. I ?anioaeeeaineie eiioa?aioeee “Iiaua
oece/aneea iaoiaeu a iaaeeoeeia”. -Ai?ioeeiaia?aae, 1990. -N.
258-259.

42.Oiaeaaneee TH.A., Iiaa?aceeia I.A., Ineineay E.O., Eaaeia I.A.,
Ei?ieoeeay A.E., Ai?enaiei A.A., Aoeueaea A.E. Aioeieneaeaioiua
i?ioeannu eae caueoiua ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia i?e iaoieiaee //Iao.
Ananithciie iao/iie eiioa?aioeee “Ooieoeeiiaeueiua ?aca?au e
aaeaioaoeey”, 1991. – C. 395-397.

43.Aoeueaea A.I. Aca?iica’ycie aeianoiei/ii? aeenooieoei? iiiea?aea oa
ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio a?eo?ioeeoia o oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao
na?oey, oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth //Iao. VI Eiia?ano
naioiaii oaaea?aoei? oe?a?inueeeo eiea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (NOOEO).-
Iaeana, 1992. -N. 87.

44.Aoeueaea A.E. Aeeyiea yioa?ini?aoeee ia ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea
aeeea?iie nenoaiu o aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea //Iao.
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iiaia a iaaeeoeeia”. -E?aniiaea?,
1992. -N. 80-81.

45.E?eaie I.A., Aoeueaea A.E., Uaiioei A.I. Ono?ienoai aeey
enneaaeiaaiey aioo?ena?aea/iie aaiiaeeiaieee i?e a?oa?eaeueiie
aeia?oaicee e EAN //Iaoa?eaeu iaaeiaeanoiie eiioa?aioeee-y?ia?ee
“Ecia?aoaoaeuenoai e ?aoeeiiaeecaoeey a iaaeeoeeia”.
-Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1992. -N. 29-32.

46.Aoeueaea A.E. Oiea?aioiinoue e oece/aneie iaa?ocea aei e iinea
i?eiaiaiey yioa?ini?aaioia o aieueiuo, ia?aianoeo eioa?eo ieiea?aea
//Iao. V iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iaoea e
i?iecaiaenoai – cae?aaiio?aiaieth”. -Eeaa.-1993. -o. II. – N. 30.

47.Naoa?/oe E.E., Na?aa?ianeay O.A., Aeaienaiei A.O., Aoeueaea A.E.
Iiauoaiea ianiaoeeoe/aneie ?acenoaioiinoe i?aaiecia i?e iaoieiaee
i?aaiia nenoaiu e?iaiia?auaiey //Iao. V iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii –
i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai –
cae?aaiio?aiaieth”. -Eeaa. -1993. -o. I. -N. 68.

48.Naoa?/oe E.E., Eioiae/ A.O., Eoeanaae/ E.I., Aoeueaea A.E.,
Aeoaeea I.O., Aiaea?aoeeay I.E., A?aaaithe A.A. Iooe iioeiecaoeee
?aaiou aeiea ?aaieiaoeee e eioaineaiie oa?aiee eioa?eoiiai
ioaeaeaiey //Iao. iao/iie eiioa?aioeee, iinayuaiiie 20-eaoeth
i?aaiecaoeee ioaeaeaiey iaioeiaeiie oa?aiee Aeaaiiai aiaiiiai
eeeie/aneiai ainieoaey II Oe?aeiu “Cia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iaioeiaeiie
oa?aiee a eeeieea aioo?aiieo aieaciae”.-Eeaa, 1993. N. 13-14.

49.Naoa?/oe I.I., Aeoaeea I.O., Neaeaeuenueea E.I., Eoeanaae/ E.I.,
Oa?/aiei I.I., Aiaea?aoeueea I.I., Aoeueaea A.I. Aioo?ioiueinoaeeiia
eaca?ia ii?iiiiaiiy e?iai a eiiieaeniiio eieoaaiii oai?eo ia o?iii/io
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey //Iao. IV c’?caeo ea?aeiieiaia Oe?a?ie.
-Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, -1993. -N. 30.

50.Aoeueaea A.I. Caniae ei?aeoei? ia?aeenieo i?ioeania o oai?eo ia
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey //Iao. IV c’?caeo ea?aeiieiaia Oe?a?ie.
-Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1993. -N. 6.

51.Aoeueaea A.I. ?ic?iaea iiaeeaiaeoaeiciaaieo ?aaaieioaoeieieo i?ia?ai
aeey oai?eo, ui ia?aianee iioa?eo iiiea?aea //Iao. V
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Iaoea e i?iecaiaenoai –
cae?aaiio?aiaieth”. -Eeaa, 1993. – O. 11. – N. 31.

52.Aoeueaea A.I. Canoinoaaiiy iieae?iiaoo a eiiieaeniiio eieoaaiii
oai?eo, yei ia?aianee iioa?eo iiiea?aea, c i?iyaaie na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi //Iao. I Eiia?ano naioiai? oaaea?aoei? oe?a?inueeeo
oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo oiaa?enoa. -Eueaia, 1994. -N. 402-403.

53.Aoeueaea A.I. Aieea eaiioaio ia ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy eiiiaeia oa noai
nenoai aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo //Iao. iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?oei?,
i?enay/aii? 100-?i//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeaiiea I.I.*a?eana.
-Ee?a, 1994. -N.122-123.

54.Aoeueaea A.I. Aeineiaeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae aioa?ini?aaioo NEI a
oiiaao aenia?eiaioo ia oieanoa?eiiaie iiaeaei aoa?ineea?ico //Iao.
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aii? 100-?i//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
aeaaeaiiea I.I.*a?eana. – Ee?a, 1994. – N. 65.

55.Aoeueaea A.I. Iaaeaiiy iioaineaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae oai?ei ia
aino?ee iioa?eo iiiea?aea //Iao. II Oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioei? “Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy iaaiaeeeaaeii? aeiiiiiae”. – Iaeana,
1994. – N. 119.

56.Aoeueaea A.I. Iniaeeainoi aeiaaiinoeee oa eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia
ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey c na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth //Iao.
iiaeia?iaeiiai neiiicioio, i?enay/aiiiai 150-?i//th eaoaae?e
oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?aii? Oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo. -Ee?a, 1994. -C.41.

57.Aoeueaea A.I., Oaaei?e/ A.I. Iiai iiaeoiaee aei ?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee
iioa?eoo iiiea?aea //Iao. ieaioio i?aaeiiiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
ea?aeiieiaia Oe?a?ie “Iaaiaeeeaaeii noaie a ea?aeiieiai?”.
-Oe?a?inueeee ea?aeiieiai/iee aeo?iae.-1994. -N.4. -N. 38.

58.Aoeueaea A.I. Aca?iica’ycie ii?ooaiue ?eoio na?oey c na?oeaaith
iaaeinoaoiinoth //Iao. ieaioio i?aaeiiiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
ea?aeiieiaia Oe?a?ie “Iaaiaeeeaaeii noaie a ea?aeiieiai?”.-
Oe?a?inueeee ea?aeiieiai/iee aeo?iae. -1994. -N.4. -N.72.

59.Aoeueaea A.I. Iniaeeainoi ia?aaiao iioa?eoo iiiea?aea o inia
iioeeiai aieo //Iao. II c’?caeo aa?iioieiaia i aa?iao?ia Oe?a?ie.
-Ee?a, 1994. -N. 37.

60.Aoeueaea A.E. Ninoiyiea y?eo?ioeeoa?iuo iaia?ai a i?ioeanna ?acaeoey
na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe //Iao. 3-ai ?anioaeeeaineiai nuacaea
ea?aeeieiaia Aaea?one niaianoii n Annioeeaoeeae ea?aeeieiaia NIA
“Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ea?aeeieiaee”. -Ieine, 1994. – O. 2. -N. 208.

61.Aoeueaea A.I. Ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea y?eo?ioeeoia o aieueiuo
eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea, ineiaeiaiiie na?aea/iie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth //O?. Ia?aiai eiia?anna Annioeeaoeee
ea?aeeieiaia no?ai NIA. – Iineaa, 1997. – N. 83.

62.Aoeueaea A.E. Iiaua aniaeou i?eiaiaiey eaioii?eea //O?. Ia?aiai
eiia?anna ea?aeeieiaia no?ai NIA. -Iineaa, 1997. – N. 195.

63.Aoeueaea A.I., Aoanueeee TH.I. Aecia/aiiy aioeieneaeaioieo
aeanoeainoae eaioii?eeo //Iao. VII c’?caeo aiioiiieia Oe?a?ie. –
Ee?a, 1997. – N. 108.

64.Aoeueaea A.I., Naoa?/oe I.I., Aoanueeee TH.I. Aecia/aiiy
?acenoaioiinoi a?eo?ioeeoia aei aei? ?icieo iioeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi?ia o
oai?eo ia na?oeaao iaaeinoaoiinoue //Iao. XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaaoia
Oe?a?ie. – Ee?a, 1998. – N. 31.

65.Aoeueaea A.I. Aei i?iaeaie ?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee na?oeaai?
iaaeinoaoiinoi i?e ioaii/iie oai?iai na?oey //Iao. XIV c’?caeo
oa?aiaaoia Oe?a?ie. – Ee?a, 1998. – N. 51.

66.Aoeueaea A.I., Aoanueeee TH.I., Naoa?/oe I.I. Iniaeeainoi
iie?ioee?eoeyoi?ieo ii?ooaiue oa eeniaaiai caaacia/aiiy oeaiei o
oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey a caeaaeiinoi aiae ae?aaeaiinoi
na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiinoi //Iao. Oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioei? c
iiaeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Iie?ioee?eoeyoeiy oa ?? aieiai ciiie”.-
Ee?a, 1999. – N. 18-19.

NEI?I*AIIss:

AIC –

AIN –

AIO –

AOO –

aoeee-EiA –

AAEE –

AIE –

A?I –

AO? –

AeE –

AeOI –

AEA –

AEE –

CINI –

II –

ION –

EAeI EO – ENI EO – EO –

EI –

EO –

IAeA –

IIE –

?AAN –

NAN –

NA –

NI –

NIAe –

NEIi-E,Mg –

OA –

OIOI –

OA EO –

OE –

OE –

OI –

ON –

ON EIAU –

ON EIAeIU –

ON EIIU –

oeAIO –

OeIE – aioeieneaeaioiee caoeno

aioeieneaeaioii nenoaie

aiaiioaiceiia?aoai?thth/ee oa?iaio

aaeaiiceio?eoinoao

aoeee-Eiaicei A

aieueii aee?ii eeneioe

aaiieie-ieaaeaeaaa eeneioa

aieueii-?aaeeeaeueia ieeneaiiy

aethoaoiii?aaeoeoaca

aei?iiai eii’thaaoe

aeiciaaia oice/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy

aeaeo?iea?aeiia?aoiy

aee?ii eeneioe

caaaeueii-ia?eoa?e/iee noaeeiiee iii?

iioa?eo iiiea?aea

ioaii/ia oai?iaa na?oey

eiioeaaee aeianoiei/iee ia’?i eiaiai oeoii/ea

eiioeaaee nenoiei/iee ia’?i eiaiai oeoii/ea

eaoaeaca

eiaa ia?aaena?aey

eiaee oeoii/ie

iaeiiiaee aeeaeueaeaaiae

ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy eiiiaeia

?aiii-aiaiioaicei-aeueaeinoa?iiiaa nenoaia

neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiaa nenoaia

na?oeaai aeieiceaee

na?oeaaa iaaeinoaoiinoue

noia?ieneaeaeeniooaca

nieueiaa eaeie-iaaii?aa oi?ia ieeneaiiai aioa?ini?aaioo a?oie noa?e/ieo
ea?aii?o?a

o?eaeioea?eaee

o?ainiaia?aiiee o?ainii?o iiiia

o?aeoeiy aeeeaeo eiaiai oeoii/ea

ooieoeiiiaeueiee eean

oinoieiiiaee

oice/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy

oieanoa?ei

oieanoa?ei eiiii?ioa?iia aeniei? uieueiinoi

oieanoa?ei eiiii?ioa?iia aeoaea iecueei? uieueiinoi

oieanoa?ei eiiii?ioa?iia iecueei? uieueiinoi

oeeeei/iee aaeaiiceiiiiioinoao

oee?eoethth/i iioiii eiiieaene

A I I O A Oe I ss

Aoeueaea A.I. Eeiiiei-ooieoeiiiaeueii iniaeeainoi, aeiaaiinoeea,
eieoaaiiy oa ?aaaieioaoeiy oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey,
oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 14.01.11 – ea?aeiieiaiy.

Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao ii.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,
Ee?a,1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi iie?ioaiiy yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey,
oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
ia?aa?ao na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? oi?ioaaiiy
anoaiiaeaii ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa???, a?oiooth/enue ia yeeo ?ic?iaeaii
iia? niiniae ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, ui ni?ey? aeyaeaiith
oeueiai iaoieia?/iiai noaio, ii/eiath/e c ?aiiuei? aeiee?i?/ii? noaae??.
Nai?/ania ae?aaiinoeea na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo ia ?oai?/io
oai?iao na?oey aeicaiey? a?eueo aoaeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe o ieo ei?aaoth/?
caoiaee ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai?, aeey /iai cai?iiiiiaai? iia? niiniae
e?eoaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi a?aei?iiinoae i?iya?a na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?
ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioaii/ia oai?iaa na?oey, na?oeaaa
iaaeinoaoiinoue, aeiaaiinoeea, eieoaaiiy.

A I I I O A Oe E ss

Aoeueaea A.E. Eeeieei-ooieoeeiiaeueiua iniaaiiinoe, aeeaaiinoeea,
ea/aiea e ?aaaeeeoaoeey aieueiuo eoaie/aneie aieaciueth na?aeoea,
ineiaeiaiiie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth. – ?oeiienue.

Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.11 – ea?aeeieiaey.

Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao ei. A.A. Aiaiiieueoea,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiey oa/aiey eoaie/aneie
aieacie na?aeoea, ineiaeiaiiie na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth,
oeo/oaiey aeeaaiinoeee na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe, iiauoaiey
yoaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey oeacaiiie eaoaai?ee aieueiuo.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ianeaaeiaaiey 469 aieueiuo eoaie/aneie
aieacie na?aeoea, o 374 aieueiuo iia auea ineiaeiaia na?aea/iie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoueth: 142 aieueiuo eiaee na?aea/ioth iaaeinoaoi/iinoue
1A noaaeee, 126 – 1A noaaeee e 106 – 11A noaaeee.

Ia iniiaaiee enneaaeiaaiey ninoiyiey y?eo?ioeeoa?iuo iaia?ai,
ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe y?eo?ioeeoia, aeoeaiinoe oa?iaioiuo nenoai
o?ainiaia?aiiiai o?ainii?oa eiiia e aioeieneaeaioiie caueou, eciaiaiee
i?ioeania ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia, yeaeo?ieeoiiai iaiaia,
aaii?aieiae/aneeo, eiioiieiae/aneeo, aaiiaeeiaie/aneeo iieacaoaeae
ii?aaeaeaiu aeiiieieoaeueiua aeeaaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee, eniieueciaaiea
eioi?uo niinianoaoao ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeea na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe,
nicaeaao aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey nia?aiaiiie oa?iieieiae/aneie
ei??aeoeee e iiaeao nouanoaaii caiaaeeeoue oaiiu aa ?acaeoey.

Iniiauaaynue ia aeaiiuo eeeieei-eaai?aoi?iuo enneaaeiaaiee, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeeee nouanoaaiiua ia?ooaiey oeaeinoiinoe e ooieoeeiiaeueiiai
ninoiyiey iaia?aiiuo no?oeoo?, i?ioeania ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiey eeieaeia,
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oa?iaioiuo nenoai aioeieneaeaioiie caueou e
o?ainiaia?aiiiai o?ainii?oa eiiia a ?aaioa oe?iei i?eiaiyeanue
yooa?aioiay oa?aiey, o/eouaay iai?aaeaiiinoue ni?aoeee ia noaaeeecaoeeth
oeacaiuo iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo i?ioeannia. Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui auei
eniieueciaaiea nieaaie eaeee-iaaieaaie oi?iu ieeneaiuo ni?aaioia NEI,
eioi?ua ni/aoatho cia/eoaeueioth ni?aoeeiiioth aieinoue ni naienoaaie
eiieoa. I?eiaiaiea aeaiiie iiaeeoeeaoeee ni?aaioia a eiiieaena n
na?aea/iuie aeeeiceaeaie iicaieeei iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue
aeeeiceaeioa?aiee i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii ono?aiaiee i?iyaeaiee aeeeiceaeiie
eioieneeaoeee.

A ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi oaea ia ?aiieo yoaiao na?aea/iie
iaaeinoaoi/iinoe ioia/aaony aeia?aeoeaaoeey ieeneaiey naiaiaeiuo aee?iuo
eeneio. Aeiiieieoaeueiia iacia/aiea e aaceniie oa?aiee neioaoe/aneiai
aiaeiaa aaiia-aooe?iaaoaeia i?aia?aoa iaoaaieeoiiai aeaenoaey
ieeae?iiaoa, niiniaiiai eiaeae?iaaoue ea?ieoeicaaeneiia ieeneaiea
naiaiaeiuo aee?iuo eeneio, aucuaaei nouanoaaiiia nieaeaiea niaea?aeaiey
aee?iuo eeneio a iaia?aiao y?eo?ioeeoia i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii oaaee/aieee
oaeaeueiiai niaea?aeaiey oinoieeieaeia. Ii?iaeecaoeey niioiioaiey
eiiiiiaioia iaia?aiiuo no?oeoo? nii?iaiaeaeaeanue ainnoaiiaeaieai
iaoaie/aneie, iniioe/aneie e eeneioiie ?acenoaioiinoe y?eo?ioeeoia, /oi
io?aaeaao nieaeaiea eioaineaiinoe iaia?aiiiaoieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia e
oeo/oaiea ieanoe/aneeo naienoa iaia?ai.

I?e i?eiaiaiee eiaeaeoi?ia aiaeioaiceii?aa?auathuaai oa?iaioa aia?aua
aeiiieieoaeueii auyaeaia nianoaaiiay aioeieneaeaioiay aeoeaiinoue
i?aia?aoa eaiioai, /oi iicaieeei ?anoe?eoue aai oa?aiaaoe/aneea
aiciiaeiinoe e eniieueciaaoue ii iieacaieyi iaeiia?aiaiii a ea/anoaa
aioeieneaeaioiiai n?aaenoaa.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiey ?ac?aaioaiu iiaua niiniau aeeaaiinoeee
na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe iooai ii?aaeaeaiey aeoeaiinoe Na – AOOacu
y?eo?ioeeoia, ?acenoaioiinoe y?eo?ioeeoia e aeaenoaeth iniiaiuo
iia?aaeaeathueo oaeoi?ia, ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey eaauo ioaeaeia
na?aeoea, ii?aaeaeaiey oi?i na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe, ?ao?aeoa?iuo e
ea?aeeio?iiiui n?aaenoaai, ea/aiey na?aea/iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe i?e
iiiiue ieeae?iiaoa, ea/aiey aeeeiceaeiie eioieneeaoeee, i?eiaiaiey
eaiioaia ii iiaiio iacia/aieth, iiauoaiey oiea?aioiinoe e aeice?iaaiiie
oece/aneie iaa?ocea, enneaaeiaaiey niiia?aoe/aneeo no?oeoo? na?aeoea a
aeeiaieea, eioi?ua caueuaiu aaoi?neeie naeaeaoaeuenoaaie e iaoaioaie.

I?aaeeiaeaiiua ?ac?aaioee iaoiaee/anee aeinooiiu e iiaoo auoue oe?iei
eniieueciaaiu a i?aeoe/aneii cae?aaiio?aiaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eoaie/aneay aieaciue na?aeoea, na?aea/iay
iaaeinoaoi/iinoue, aeeaaiinoeea, ea/aiea.

R E S U M E

Bulda V.I. Clinical and functional features, diagnosis, • treatment and
rehabilitation for patients with ischaemic heart disease complicated
with cardiac failure. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a doctor’s degree by speciality 14.01.11 -cardiology. – The
O.O.Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the problems of improving both quality of
diagnosis and efficacy of treatment of patients with ischaemic heart
disease complicated with cardiac failure. Based on studying the
distinguishing features of cardiac failure at various stages of its
development, diagnostic criteria were determined as well as novel
methods were worked out for cardiac failure diagnosis, which facilitated
the recognition of that pathological condition, beginning from an early
preclinical stage. Timely diagnosis of cardiac failure in patients with
ischaemic heart disease allows more effective therapeutic measures to be
conducted at the early stage of disease. Proposed for that purpose are
novel methods of treatment with an account for the revealed features of
cardiac failure manifestations at various stages of its development.

Key words: ischaemic heart disease, cardiac failure, diagnosis,
treatment.

A I I O A Oe I ss

Aoeueaea A.I. Eeiiiei-ooieoeiiiaeueii iniaeeainoi, aeiaaiinoeea,
eieoaaiiy oa ?aaaieioaoeiy oai?eo ia ioaii/io oai?iao na?oey,
oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoiinoth. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo
iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 14.01.11 – ea?aeiieiaiy.

Iaoeiiiaeueiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao ii.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey,
Ee?a,1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi iie?ioaiiy yeino? ae?aaiinoeee oa
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ?oai?/io oai?iao na?oey,
oneeaaeiaio na?oeaaith iaaeinoaoi?noth. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
ia?aa?ao na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? oi?ioaaiiy
anoaiiaeaii ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa???, a?oiooth/enue ia yeeo ?ic?iaeaii
iia? niiniae ae?aaiinoeee na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?, ui ni?ey? aeyaeaiith
oeueiai iaoieia?/iiai noaio, ii/eiath/e c ?aiiuei? aeiee?i?/ii? noaae??.
Nai?/ania ae?aaiinoeea na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo ia ?oai?/io
oai?iao na?oey aeicaiey? a?eueo aoaeoeaii i?iaiaeeoe o ieo ei?aaoth/?
caoiaee ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai?, aeey /iai cai?iiiiiaai? iia? niiniae
e?eoaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi a?aei?iiinoae i?iya?a na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?
ia ??cieo aoaiao ?? ?icaeoeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ioaii/ia oai?iaa na?oey, na?oeaaa
iaaeinoaoiinoue, aeiaaiinoeea, eieoaaiiy.

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