2

1

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

?i.I.E.Ooieea

Iaey?nueea Iaoae?y Aanee?aia

OAeE 616.832-004.2-056.7-07:616.15-07

EE?I?EI-A?IO?I?*I? OA AAIAOE*I? ANIAEOE

?ICN?ssIIAI NEEA?ICO O CII? EIAI AENIEIAI ?ECEEO

14.01.15 — ia?aia? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ia?aiaeo oai?ia c eo?nii iao?aaeeoe?eii?
iaaeeoeeie Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Aeaieea
Aaeeoeueeiai oa ?inoeooo? niaaeeiai? iaoieia?? i.Eueaiaa

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Nei/?e Iaaei
A?eai?iae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.Aeaieea
Aaeeoeueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ia?aiaeo oai?ia c eo?nii
iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Naiinthe ?aai
Caoa?iae/, Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a o?c?ioa?ai?? ? eo?i?oieia??,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aa?anei/oe ?iiai Aeieo?iae/,
?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a ia?aiaeo
oai?ia, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii?
oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaa?ieia?? oa ineo?ao??? I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie
caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie, i.Oa?e?a, a?aeae?e iaoieia?? aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 “ ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 11 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01. i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
(254112, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9, aoae.3).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie (254112,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 “ n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeioeaio
?iiaiaiei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c ??cieo noi??i i?iaeaie ?N, cie?aia
a?io?i?/ieo oa aaiaoe/ieo eiai aniaeo?a i?iaeiaaeo? caeeoaoeny
aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi. Oea iiynith?oueny oaeith a??ciith i?e/eiith, ye
iaaieiia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? oai?eo ia ieaiao?, iniaeeai a aeiiii?/ii
?icaeiaieo e?a?iao i?ai?/ii? i?aeoe?, a oaeiae ? a Oe?a?i?.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny i?ioyaii inoaiiueiai noie?ooy
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ? nueiaiaei? aeaeae? a?ae ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy ye
ao?ieia??, oae ? iaoiaaiaco ?N, a oaeiae i?e/eie ? iniiai? iaoai?cie
i?ioeano aeai??e?i?caoe??. Noia?a/eeaeie caeeoathoueny ? ??ci? i?aeoiaee
oa niiniae aei oa?ai?? oe??? aaaeei? iaaeoae (I.?.Aeiieoeueeee, 1965;
A.I.Caaae?oei, 1982; I.A.Oiiaeea??ai ? ni?aaao., 1983; I.I.Aecthaa,
A.I.O?ieia, I.I.Ia?anaae?i, 1993, 1995; I.I.ss?io, A.A.Ianthe, 1993;
I.A.Nei/?e, 1993; A.A.Caiaaeithe, 1994; N.I.A?ie/oe, 1995; ?.?.Aon?a ?
ni?aaao., 1984, 1997; ?.N.Cicoey ? ni?aaao., 1995; E.?.Nieieiaa, 1997,
1998). Anoaiiaeaii, ui caoai?thaai?noue ?N ia? iaaiee ca’ycie c
aaia?ao?/ieie, aoi?/ieie oa aaiaoe/ieie oaeoi?aie (A.I.Aea?a,
A.I.Aneaiia, 1983; D. Mc. Alpine, 1985; *a?euec I.Iica?, 1993, 1995).
Iniaeeai iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ieoaiiy aaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ?N.
Aea/aiiy aaiaoe/iiai oaeoi?o o ?icaeoeo aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano ia
aeaei ciiae ca?aooaaoe ?N aei niaaeeiaeo caoai?thaaiue, iaeiae
iayai?noue ie?aieo aioeaai?a nenoaie a?noinoi?niino? ethaeeie aieeaa? ia
noeeuei?noue aei oai?iae oa ia oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano
(J.Palffy at ol, 1986; *a?euec I.Iica?, 1993; E.?.Nieieiaa, 1997, 1998).
A?aeiii, ui ?N iae/ano?oa aeyaey?oueny o n?i’yo, eio?? iathoue
aeae?eueeio oai?eo na?aae ?iaee/?a I-ai ? ??aeoa II-ai nooiaiy
?iaeeiiino?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i niaaeeiao noeeuei?noue aei caoai?thaaiiy
(E.Kinnunen, 1988; J.F.Kurtzke, 1980). Iaeiae, caoai?thaaiiy aeieea? ia
o an?o /eai?a n?i’?, a eeoa, o oeo. eio?? iathoue oa?aeoa?i? aeey aeaii?
n?i’? oaiioei?/i? iniaeeaino?.

?N — o?ii?/ia, iaaieiii i?ia?anoth/a caoai?thaaiiy ia?aiai? nenoaie,
yea i?eaiaeeoue aei oaeaeei? ?iaae?aeecaoe?? iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiiai
eiioeiaaioo oai?eo o a?oe? 20-40 ?ie?a (I.A.Iaiueeianueeee, 1960;
Ae.A.Ia?eia, 1964; I.I.C?i/aiei, 1970; I.A.Oiiaeea??ai, ?.I.Caaae?oei,
I.I.Iaanueea, 1987; W.Mc.Donald, 1986).

Iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy ee?i?ee caoai?thaaiiy aeeeoo? aeeoo?ao
iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo iiaeo ae?aaiinoe/ieo oano?a, ye? iathoue cia/aiiy
ia o?eueee aeey aea/aiiy aeai??e?i?coth/i? iaoieia??, aea ? aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy ?? ia?aa?ao ? e?ioeaaiai iane?aeeo (V.E.Andorson, 1976;
H.Zink, 1976). Aeyaeaiiy oaeoi??a ?eceeo oai?iae oa i?e/ei aeieeiaiiy
iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ye? eaaeaoue a ?? iniia?, aeeeeeathoue ia
o?eueee iaoeiaee, aea ? nioe?aeueiee ?ioa?an.

Iaoa ?iaioa ia?aaeaa/a? eiiieaenia aea/aiiy ie?aieo ieoaiue
ae?aaiinoeee, ui a?oioo?oueny ia ee?i?/ieo, a?io?i?/ieo oa aaiaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo, a oaeiae ieoaiiy ei?aeoe?? oa?ai?? ?N. Ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue iaiao?aeia ia o?eueee aeey aeyaeaiiy
aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano, aea ? aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy eiai ia?aa?ao.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiioaaeany o ?one?
oaiaoeee iaoeiai? i?ia?aie eaoaae?e iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii iao?aaeeoe?eii?
iaaeeoeeie Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Aeaieea
Aaeeoeueeiai c oaiaoeee “Ai?aeai?ieia?/i?, aaiaoe/i?, ?ioiieia?/i?,
iae?io?c?ieia?/i? oa a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo
iiiaeeiiiai neea?ico o cii? aenieiai ?eceeo caoai?thaaiiy oa eiai
iaaeeeaiaioicii? ei?aeoe??” (oeo? ?I 26.00.0001.97, ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0198 V000875).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aea/eoe nenoaio a?noinoi?niino? ethaeeie o oai?eo ?N a cii? aenieiai
?eceeo caoai?thaaiiy.

2. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? iaoaaie?cio ioeea?iiaeo eeneio o oai?eo ?N,
a oaeiae aeoeai?noue ioeeaac i?e oe?e iaoieia??.

3. Ni?anoaaeoe aca?iica’ycie i?ae aeoeai?noth i?ioean?a iaoaaie?cio
ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa ioeeaac ? nooiaiai ia?aa?ao aeai??e?i?coth/iai
i?ioeano.

4. I?iaanoe aeeoa?aioe?eii-ae?aaiinoe/i? ia?aeae? i?ae ai?noii
ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa aeoeai?noth ioeeaac o oai?eo ?N, a oaeiae i?e
aaii?aa?/iiio, ?oai?/iiio ?inoeueoao, a?aoii?aeeoao, iooeeiao, ui ia
ii/aoeo naiai ?icaeoeo /anoi ae?aaiinoothoueny ye ?N.

5. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo aecia/eoe aeinoia??i? e?eoa???
ae?aaiinoeee, ioe?iee oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao, i?iaiico oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
oa?aiaaoe/ieo caoiae?a i?e oe?e aaaee?e iaaeoc?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy aioeaai?a a?noinoi?niino? oai?eo ?N a
cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie, ye? aeaui ?icoiaeyoueny c a?aeiieie
e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie. E??i oiai, oa?aeoa? aioeaai?a a?noinoi?niino?
oai?eo ?N iiaea neoaeeoe ye oanoii aeey ae?aaiinoeee, oae ? e?eoa???i
ioe?iee iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano.

2. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aea/aiiy ??aiy ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa
aeoeaiino? ioeeaac o caeaaeiino? a?ae oi?ie, oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao,
o?eaaeino? caoai?thaaiiy oa ?o aeeiai?ee a ia??iae caaino?aiiy.

3. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeey iio?aa ye ae?aaiinoeee ?N, oae ? eiai
?iciaaeoaaiiy a?ae ?ioeo a?oi oai?eo, eiiieaenia aea/aiiy oa?aeoa?o
eieeaaiue ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio ? aeoeaiino? ioeeaac.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo
?N o cii? eiai aenieiai ?eceeo /ano?oa cono??/aany aioeaai A35, yeee
aeacoaaa ia noeeuei?noue aei aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano, oiae? ye ia
oa?aeoa? eiai ia?aa?ao aeacoaaee aioeaaie eieono A — A26 oa A28.
Cie?aia, iayai?noue aioeaaio A26 ni?aiaaeaea c
?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/ei ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy, a A28 —
ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/ei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo IE ? aeoeaiino? ioeeaac e?ia? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe
ye aeiaeaoeia? e?eoa??? aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?N, a oaeiae aeey
?iciaaeoaaiiy eiai c ?ioeie oai?iaaie (a?aoii?aeeoaie, ?inoeueoaie oa
iooeeiaie). Aeyaeai? ci?ie ai?noo IE oa aeoeaiino? ioeeaac i?e aeacaieo
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ? ??cieie, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aa?a
i?ioeano, o?eaae?noue ?ai?n?? oa caaino?aiiy ? nooi?iue oyaeeino?.

Ioi?ieaii ?ioi?iaoe?ei? eenoe ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe:
“Aaiaoe/i? aniaeoe ?icn?yiiai neea?ico a cii? eiai aenieiai ?eceeo” ca
?48-98 oa “A?io?i?/i? aniaeoe ?icn?yiiai neea?ico a cii? eiai aenieiai
?eceeo” ca ?49-98 a Oe?a?inueeiio oeaio?? iaoeiai? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
oa iaoaioii-e?oeaic?eii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaaeaeothoueny a i?aeoeeo Aieeinueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
(aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 23.02.98?.), o iaa?ieia?/ia a?aeae?eaiiy
A?iieoeueei? iaeanii? e?ea?i? ?i.I.?.THuaiea (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae
17.02.98?.), i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanii?
e?ea?i? (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 14.02.98?.), Aeiiaoeueeee
?aaa?e?oaoe?eiee oeaio? (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 27.02.98?.) oa a
i?aeoeeo 10-i? i?nueei? iaa?ieia?/ii? e?ea?i? i.Caii??aeaey (aeoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 18.02.98?.).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? iniaenoith
i?aoeath aaoi?a. Aeena?oaioii naiino?eii i?iaiae?ciaaia e?oa?aoo?a c
i?iaeaie ai?aeai?ieia??, iaoiaaiaco, ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa ei?aeoe??
?iceaae?a o oai?eo ?N. Cae?eniaii aaaaoinoi?iii? ee?i?ei-aaiaoe/ia oa
ee?i?ei-a?io?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 224 oai?iai, ?c ieo 156 oai?eo ?N, 27 — c
?inoeueoaie, 22 — a?aoii?aeeoaie oa 19 — iooeeiaie. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea i?iaiaeeeany aaoi?ii naiino?eii.
Aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y iaoa??aeo, aeeeaaeaiiai a aeena?oaoe??,
iaeaaeeoue aaoi?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Euea?anueeiai
e?ea?nueeiai oiaa?enoaa iaa?ieia?a, ineo?ao??a oa ia?eieia?a a 1996,
1997 ??., ia Ia?oiio Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? iaa?ieia?a, ineo?ao??a oa
ia?eieia?a oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a, o?aaaiue 1997), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th A?iieoeueei? iaeanii?
ineoi-iaa?ieia?/ii? e?ea?i? ?i.I.?.THuaiea 11-13 aa?aniy 1997 ?ieo, ia
III Oe?a?inueei-Aaaa?nueeiio neiiic?oi? a i.O?oneaaaoeue 2-4 aeiaoiy
1997 ?ieo, ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii
iao?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie ? iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii iae?io??o?a?? EAeIO
(Euea?a, 1997), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??:
“Iia? iiaeyaee ia i?iaeaie ai?aeai?ieia??, ao?iiaoiaaiaco, ae?aaiinoeee
? e?eoaaiiy ?icn?yiiai neea?ico oa iiaeeeaino? eiai ?aaa?e?oaoe??”,
21-22 o?aaiy 1998 ?ieo, Euea?a.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo ?icaeyiaii ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei caoenoo ia
ni?euei?e i?aeeaoaae?aeuei?e eiioa?aioe?? iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii
iae?io??o?a?? oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, eaoaae?e oa?ai??,
ineo?ao??? oa ?inoeoooo niaaeeiai? iaoieia?? i.Eueaiaa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 8
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo, a yeeo ?ice?eoee ci?no ?iaioe, c ieo 6 i?aoeue —
naiino?eieo, 2 — c? ni?aaaoi?aie; 6 i?aoeue — aeo?iaeuei? noaoo?, 1 —
noaooy a iaoeiaiio ca??ieeo oa 1 — a iaoa??aeao i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 169
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aiae?oe/iiai
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?e?a c aeeeaaeaiiyi iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ei?aeoe?? oa?ai??
?N, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 18
oaaeeoeyie, 5 iaethieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie aeeth/a? 373 ?iaioe, c
ieo 263 a?o/eciyieo i?aoeue, 110 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae.

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaith ?iaioe noaa aeina?ae
niinoa?aaeaiiy ca 224 oai?ei, ?c ieo 156 oai?eo ?N ( /. 54; ae. 102),
a?e aei 20 ?ie?a — 14 in?a, c ieo: /. 4, ae. 10; iniiaia e?euee?noue
oai?eo i?aaenoaaeaia a?eiaith eaoaai???th 20-39 ?ie?a — 100, c ieo /.
34, ae. 66; noa?oeo ca 50 ?ie?a — a?aeiia?aeii 8 oa 2. Oae c iaoith
?iciaaeoaaiiy ?N a?ae ?ioeo a?oi caoai?thaaiue iaie i?iaiaeeeiny
aeine?aeaeaiiy oai?eo c ?inoeueoaie, a?aoii?aeeoaie oa iooeeiaie. Oai?eo
c ?inoeueoaie aoei 27 in?a (/. 10 oa ae. 17) na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeaee
iniae i?ney 50 ?ie?a, c ieo aaii?aa?/iei ?inoeueoii — 12 (/. 4 oa ae.
8), ?oai?/iei ?inoeueoii — 15 (/. 6 oa ae. 9), iooeeiaie — 19 (/. 9 oa
ae. 10) o a?oe? a?ae 30 aei 60 ?ie?a, oai?eo a?aoii?aeeoaie — 22 (/. 10
oa ae. 12) a?eii a?ae 25 aei 60 ?ie?a. Eiio?ieai aoee 20 i?aeoe/ii
caei?iaeo in?a.

Aeaoaeueiee ee?i?/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie oai?eo ?N iieacaa,
ui o no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiiy ia?aaaaeaee ae?iee iaae /ieia?eaie o
a?aeiioaii? 1.8 aei 1.0. sse na?aae /ieia?e?a, oae ? na?aae ae?iie
iniiaia iana oai?eo i?aaenoaaeaia a?eiaeie eaoaai??yie a iaaeao 20-40
?ie?a, nie?ath/enue ia aiaoiii-oii?/iee i?eioeei eeaneo?eaoe?? ??cieo
oi?i ?N ? a?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie iaie
aeae?eyeeny i’youe oi?i ?N: iici/eiaa, iici/eiai-ni?iaeueia,
oea?aa?aeueia, aeeth/ath/e iioe/io, ni?iaeueia oa ia?eoa??eia. Oai?eo
ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue i?eiaaeaea ia iici/eiai-ni?iaeueio oi?io (100
oa.), oea?aa?aeueio (20 oa.), ni?iaeueio (18 oa.), iaioa — iici/eiao (10
oa.) oa ia?eoa??eio (8 oa.) oi?ie. Ca ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaaaeaee
oai?? c o?eaae?noth 1-5 ?ie?a (48 oa.) oa a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a (64 oa.),
oi/a ? /anoea aeyaeaieo oai?eo c aeai??e?i?coth/ei i?ioeanii aei 1-ai
?ieo oaeiae aeineoue cia/ia (16 oa.). Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy
aeaiiai caoai?thaaiiy na?aae i?aaenoaaiee?a ye ae?ii/i?, oae ? /ieia?/i?
noao?, iieiaeiai i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo, ui i/aaeaeii, e??i aieeao
aaia?ao?/ieo, aoi?/ieo ? aaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a, o cia/i?e i???
iiynith?oueny oyaeeei aeieia?/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi aeiae?eey.

I?e ianoaaeaii? oai?eo i?iaiaeeeiny:

· caaaeueiiee?i?/ia oa aeaoaeueia iaa?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy, ?c
caeo/aiiyi iaoiae?a ia?aee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ci?iaiai aiae?caoi?a
(aino?ioa ci?o, i/ia aeii), ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ee?oeiiiai oa
aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo.

· ?ioiiaaiaoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ioioeeo?a ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?, yea
a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? i?e?ioaoi?ee ca iaoiaeii I.Oa?anae? (1968).
I?eioeei iaoiaeo iieyaa? o aeaioaoaiiiio aieea? ia e?ioioeeoe
ia?eoa??eii? e?ia? nii/aoeo ?ioiiith ne?iaaoeith, ui i?noeoue aioeo?ea
a?aeiii? niaoeeo?/iino?, a iio?i eiiieaiaioio (ne?iaaoee e?ia? e?ieeea,
aai noi?o ne?iaaoee e?ieeea ? ethaeeie). *anoioa aioeaaio
?ic?aoiao?oueny ye i?ioeaioia (aeieueiaa) ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.

· Ai?no ioeea?iiaeo eeneio (AeIE oa ?IE) a ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? aecia/aee
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii ?.A.Oeaiaaa ? A.A.Ia?eiaa (1960).
?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeee ca oi?ioeaie cai?iiiiiaaieie aaoi?aie, e?euee?noue
ioeea?iiaeo eeneio aecia/aeany a ia/e.

· Aeoeai?noue ioeeaac ne?iaaoee e?ia? aecia/aee iiaeeo?eiaaieie
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieie i?e?iiaoiaeaie A.I.Eiiiaoey ? A.I.Eaaeoeueeiai
(1973) aeey ?IEac, I.?.Naiieaethea oa ?i. (1976) aeey AeIEac.

· Aeai?, io?eiai? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ca cacia/aieie
aeua iaoiaeeeaie, ia?iaeyeenue iaoiaeii aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (Eae?i
A.O., 1973; Aea?ea/ I.I. oa ?i., 1977). I?e oeueiio, aeey eiaeiiai c
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a ia/enethaaee ?o na?aaei? a?eoiaoe/i?
cia/aiiy oa a?aeiia?aei? ?i noaiaea?oi? iioeaee
(Ipicscalex1000100090000038500000002001000000000000500000009020000000004
00000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000500000031020100000005
0000000b0200000000050000000c02a00180010e00000026060f001200ffffffff000008
000000c0fff0ff400190010b00000026060f000c004d6174685479706500002000100000
00fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d0100
0009000000320a60013c0001000000b100f6000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000
00000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04
0000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000022253797374656d00cc040000002d
0101000400000000000000m), na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/i? a?aeoeeaiiy
(picscalex10001000900000385000000020010000000000005000000090200000000040
0000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e01180005000000310201000000050
000000b0200000000050000000c02800180010e00000026060f001200ffffffff0000080
00000c0ff30004001b0010b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065000030001000000
0fb0240fe0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000
009000000320a200133000100000073000e010a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000
0000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040
000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000022253797374656d00cc040000002d0
101000400000000000000), aeinoia??i?noue ??cieoe? (?) i?ae na?aaei?ie
cia/aiiyie ca eiao?oe??ioii Nouethaeaioa (t). Aeey oeueiai aoea noai?aia
eiiithoa?ia aaca aeaieo ? ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen i?ia?ai aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
ia?iaee noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

?ioiiaaiaoe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo ?N. I?iaaaeaiei iaie
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo c ?N /ano?oa cono??/aany
aioeaai A35, oiae? ye aioeaai A40 oa A17 ia i?iyaeeeny o iaoeo oai?eo.
*anoioa aioeaai?a A26 oa A28 aoea cia/ii aeuith a ie?aieo a?oiao oai?eo
o caeaaeiino? a?ae ia?aa?ao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Oae, cie?aia,
aioeaai A26 niinoa??aaany c a?aeiinii aeia?iye?niei ia?aa?aii oai?iae
(?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio), a aioeaai A28 — i?e
ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio ia?aa?ao; aioeaai A35 aeacoaaa ia noeeuei?noue
aei aeai??e?i?coth/i? iaoieia??, yeith ? ?icn?yiee neea?ic. C
iaaaaeaiiai aeieeaa?, ui io?eiai? iaie aeai? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
e?oa?aoo?ieo (A2, A3 oa A7). Ia iaoo aeoieo oae? a?aei?iiino? oa?aeoa?i?
aeey ianaeaiiy cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Ia ?acoeueoaoe aieeaathoue, a
ia?oo /a?ao, ee?i?/ia aa?eo?eiaai?noue aeiaaee?a ?N na?aae ianoaaeaieo
oai?eo; a ii-ae?oaa, iao aea?? iie?aany ia “iiey?i?” aeiaaeee, eeane/io
ee?i?/io ea?oeio ia?aa?ao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ui aoei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ia’?eoeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie. I?eeiath/e aei oaaae
oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao ?N o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie oai?eo aeyaeeeny aioeaaie
eieon?a A26, A28, A35. A oiio ?acoeueoaoe iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui ?icaeoie ?N ciaoiaeeoueny o aaiaoe/iiio ca’yceo c iaaieie
eieonaie aieiaii? nenoaie a?noinoi?niino? (Iica?, 1987, 1993).
Noeeuei?noue aei ?N aecia/a?oueny iaai?ii aai?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae
aoi?/ieo iniaeeainoae, oiaoi ?N ? ioeueoeaaiiei caoai?thaaiiyi eieon?a,
ye? iathoue ??cia cia/aiiy a ??cieo aoi?/ieo a?oiao. I?iya aaiaoe/ii?
noeeueiino? aei ?N caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?? ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a. (Iica?,
1993, Aon?a, 1997).

Ioeea?iiaee iaoaaie?ci i?e ?N. sse na?ae/eoue iaa?ieia?/ia i?aeoeea,
ai?no IE o e?ia? i?e iaoieia?/ieo noaiao OeIN ??ciee, a oiio aeieea?
iio?aaa aeei?enoaoe eiai c ae?aaiinoe/iith iaoith. Oea?aa?aeuei?
a?aoii?aeeoe ia??aeei iiieeeiai ae?aaiinoothoue ia o?eueee ye ?N, aea ?
ye ?inoeueoe (aaii?aa?/iee /e ?oai?/iee), oae ? iooeeie, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee. sse
aeyaeeiny, oea?aa?aeuei? a?aoii?aeeoe noi?iaiaeaeothoueny cia/iei
aeinoia??iei i?aeaeuaiiyi o e?ia? ??aiy AeIE o 3,8 ?ace (p<0,001) o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. ??aaiue ?IE o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? oai?eo c a?aoii?aeeoaie oaeiae ? aeuei ca iieacieee eiio?ieueii? a?oie iaeaea o 3,0 ?ace (p<0,001). A?aoiaoth/e /anii iaia?aaeaa/aiee ia?aa?a iooeei, ye oea?aa?aeueii? oae ? ni?iaeueii? eieae?caoe??, ie ?aooaaee iaiao?aeiei i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy ioeea?iiaeo eeneio o e?ia? ? aeey oeueiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo. Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui o e?ia? iieieia?/ieo oai?eo aeinoia??ii i?aeaeuo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai ??aaiue ? AeIE ? ?IE, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oeie ci?iaie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e oe?e iaoieia??. ??aaiue AeIE o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? oai?eo iooeeiaie ? aeuei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e a?eueoa i?ae o 4.0 ?ace (p<0,001), a oie aea /an, ye ??aaiue ?IE - eeoa o 2,0 ?ace (p<0,001). I?e aaii?aa?/iiio ?inoeueo? ??aaiue AeIE o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? aeuee i?ae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a 8,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IE - o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo - o 3,0 ?ace (p<0,001). I?e ?oai?/iiio ?inoeueo? oe? oeeo?e ? ?ioeie, a naia, ??aaiue AeIE aeuee ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e iaeaea o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IE - eeoa a 1,3 ?ace (p<0,001). Eeoa i?e ?N a?aeaoaathoueny ?io? ci?ie o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia?, a ioaea ? ?io? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano. Oae ??aaiue AeIE ? aeuei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e iaeaea o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), oiae? ye ??aaiue ?IE ? ieae/ei iaeaea o 2,0 ?ace (p<0,001). Ai?no ioeea?iiaeo eeneio o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? oai?eo ?N o caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io caoai?thaaiiy aoa ??ciei, a naia, ??aaiue AeIE aoa aeuei i?ae o eiio?ie? o 5,5 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e oa?i?i? caoai?thaaiiy 1-5 ?ie?a, o 5,3 ?ace (p<0,001) i?e oa?i?i? 5-10 ?ie?a, o 4,3 ?ace (p<0,001) i?e oa?i?i? a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a. ??aaiue ?IE aoa ieae/ei i?ae o eiio?ie? iaeaea o 2,0 ?ace (p<0,001), a naia: i?e oa?i?i? caoai?thaaiiy 1-5 ?ie?a a 1,9 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e oa?i?i? iaioa 1 ?ieo a 1,3 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e oa?i?i? 5-10 ?ie?a o 1,8 ?ace (p<0,001) ? a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a - a 1,7 ?ace (p<0,001). I?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy ??aaiue AeIE aoa ??cei i?aeaeuaiei a 6,7 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e aoi?eiii-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 4,4 ?ace (p<0,001), a i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio ia?aa?ao o 4,6 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 6,1 ?ace (p<0,001). ??aaiue ?IE aoa ieae/ei ca eiio?ieue: i?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio ia?aa?ao oai?iae a 1,5 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e aoi?eiii-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 1,8 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio - a 1,8 ?ace (p<0,001) oa i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 1,4 ?ace (p<0,001). I?e iici/eiai-ni?iaeuei?e oi?i? iaoieia?/iiai aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano ??aaiue AeIE aoa cia/ii aeuei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e o 5,6 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e ni?iaeuei?e o 3,8 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e iici/eia?e - o 4,4 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e oea?aa?aeuei?e - o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001) ? i?e ia?eoa??ei?e - o 3,2 ?ace (p<0,001). ??aaiue ?IE iaa i?ioeeaaeio oaiaeaioe?th: a naia: aoa ieae/ei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e a iaaeao 2,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), oiae? ye, i?e ni?iaeuei?e oi?i? o 1,9 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e iici/eia?e o 1,8 ?ace (p<0,001), i?e iici/eiai-ni?iaeuei?e - o 1,7 ?ace (p<0,001), oa i?e ia?eoa??ei?e ? oea?aa?aeuei?e oi?iao - o 1,6 ?ace (p<0,001) eiaeai. I?e an?o nooiaiyo oyaeeino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano ??aaiue AeIE aoa aenieei: i?e aaaeeiio nooiai? o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), i?e na?aaeiuei-aaaeeiio nooiai? - o 5,6 ?ace (p<0,001) oa i?e eaaeiio nooiai? - aeuee o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001). Oiae? ye ??aaiue ?IE i?e an?o nooiaiyo aoa ieae/ei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e a 1,7 ?ace (p<0,001). Ia ee?i?/iee ii/aoie caaino?aiiy ??aaiue AeIE aoa aeuei i?ae o eiio?ie? o 6,0 (p<0,001), ia ee?i?/iee e?iaoeue caaino?aiiy - a 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001). ??aaiue ?IE aoa cieaeaiei ca ia??iae caaino?aiiy iaeaea o 2,0 ?ace (p<0,001), a naia: o 1,7 ?ace ia ii/aoeo caaino?aiiy oa 1,5 ?ace a e?ioe? caaino?aiiy (p<0,001). I?e aecia/aii? ??aiy ioeea?iiaeo eeneio o e?ia? oai?eo ?N iaee i?noea oae? ci?ie: i?e caaino?aii? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano a?aeaoaa?oueny c?inoaiiy ??aiy AeIE a na?aaeiueiio o 5,0 ?ac?a (p<0,001), o oie aea /an cieaeaiiy ??aiy ?IE, yea a aeiaeiiio aeiaaeeo ia aoei aeecueeei aei eiio?ieueieo oeeo? ? ia aoei ieae/ei ca eiio?ieuei? oeeo?e a?eueoa i?ae o 2,0 ?ace (p<0,001). Oae? ci?ie a iieacieeao ia i?eoiaeyoue aei ii?ie iai?ee?ioe? caaino?aiiy iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano, ui na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ee?i?/ia neiioiiaoeea cieea? ?ai?oa a?aeiiaeaiiy a?io?i?/ii? ??aiiaaae. E??i aea/aiiy ci?i ioeea?iiaeo eeneio iaie aoea iinoaaeaia iaoa aeynieoe aeeiai?eo oa?iaioaoeaii? aeoeaiino? AeIEac, ?IEac a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo ?N ? ia??aeei noiaeeo ca nai?i ia?aa?aii ?ioeo caoai?thaaiue, uia aeaoaeuei?oa oyaeoe ea?oeio ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy ? iiynieoe iiaeeeaee iaoai?ci aeeiai?ee ioeea?iiaeo eeneio iienaiee ?ai?oa. I?e aaii?aa?/iiio ?inoeueo? o ii??aiyii? c ii?iith niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? an?o iienaieo oa?iaio?a, a naia a 2,6 ?ace (?<0,001), a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), a 4,0 ?ace (?<0,001), oa a 4,8 ?ace (?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii. I?e ?oai?/iiio ?inoeueo? o ii??aiyii? c ii?iith niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? an?o ioeeaac: a 2,2 ?ace (?<0,001), a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,02), a 2,6 ?ace (?<0,001), oa a 2,15 (?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii. I?e iooeeiao ia a?aei?io a?ae ii?ie, i?ine?aeeiao?oueny ?ioa ci?ia o iieacieeao: AeIEaceI i?aeaeuo?oueny a 3,9 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII iiieaeo?oueny a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001), aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI oa ?IEaceII i?aeaeuothoueny a?aeiia?aeii a 2,8 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) ?ace. I?e a?aoii?aeeoao o ii??aiyii? c ii?iith niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? AeIEaceI a 3,7 ?ace (?<0,001), iiieaeaiiy AeIEaceII a 4,4 ?ace (?<0,001), oa i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ye ?IEaceI oae ? ?IEaceII a 2,8 ?ace (?<0,001), oa a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e aaii?aa?/iiio ?inoeueo?, ?oai?/iiio, iooeeiao oa a?aoii?aeeoao o ii??aiyii? c ?icn?yiei neea?icii (?2) niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? iienaieo aeua oa?iaio?a. Oae i?e aaii?aa?/iiio ?inoeueo? a?aeiia?aeii: a 4,3 ?ace (?<0,001), a 4,2 ?ace (?<0,001), a 2,4 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 2,4 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e ?oai?/iiio ?inoeueo? a?aeiia?aeii: a 3,6 ?ace (?<0,001). a 4,0 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001) eiaeai. I?e iooeeiao: a 6,4 ?ace (?<0,001), a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), a 2,1 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,02). Eeoa i?e a?aoii?aeeoao niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? AeIEaceI oa ?IEaceI a 6,0 ?ac?a (?<0,001) oa a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii, aeoeai?noue AeIEaceII oa ?IEaceII iiieaeo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c oeeo?aie i?e ?N a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 1,2 ?ace (?<0,02). sse aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo aeaieo, aeoeai?noue ioeeaac eeoa i?e ?N ia? nai? iniaeeaino?, ye? a?ae??ciythoue oea caoai?thaaiiy a?ae an?o iienaieo. Eeoa aeey ?N oa?aeoa?ia cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? AeIEaceI a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) oa i?aeaeuaiiy ?IEaceI oaeiae a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001). I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ioeeaace aaaeooue naaa ii-??ciiio o caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?i?io caoai?thaaiiy. Oae AeIEacaI i?e an?o oa?i?iao caoai?thaaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiith, aea i?e oa?i?i? caoai?thaaiiy iaioa 1 ?ieo a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001), a?ae 1 aei 5 ?ie?a - a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), a?ae 5-10 ?ie?a - a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a - a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001). Aeoeai?noue AeIEaceII oaeiae ? iiieaeaiith i?e an?o oa?i?iao caoai?thaaiiy, a naia: i?e oa?i?i? aei 1 ?ieo a 3,5 ?ace (?<0,001), 1-5 ?ie?a a 3,0 ?ace (?<0,001), 5-10 ?ie?a - a 2,6 ?ace (?<0,001), a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a a 2,5 ?ace (?<0,001). I?ioeeaaeio oaiaeaioe?th ia? aeoeai?noue ioeeaac: ?IEaceI oa ?IEaceII. ??aaiue ?IEaceI i?e oa?i?i? caoai?thaaiiy iaioa 1 ?ieo ? i?aeaeuaiee a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001), 1-5 ?ie?a oa 5-10 ?ie?a a 1,5 ?ace eiaeai (?<0,001), i?e oa?i?i? a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a oeae iieaciee oaeiae ? i?aeaeuaiei a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001). ??aaiue ?IEaceII ? aenieei o ii??aiyii? c ii?iaeueieie iieacieeaie, a?aeiia?aeii: i?e oa?i?i? aei 1 ?ieo, 1-5 ?ie?a - a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e oa?i?i? caoai?thaaiiy a?ae 5-10 ?ie?a oa a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a iieaciee aeuee a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio ia?aa?ao ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiei a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e aoi?eiii-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001). Aeoeai?noue AeIEaceII i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio ia?aa?ao iiieaeaia a 2,7 ?ace (?<0,001), a 2,2 ?ace (?<0,001), a 3,0 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 2,9 ?ace (?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii. Aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaiith: i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio ia?aa?ao a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio - a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001), i?e aoi?eiii-i?ia?anoth/iio a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) oa i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-i?ia?anoth/iio a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001). Aeoeai?noue ?IEaceII oaeiae ? i?aeaeuaiith: a 2,1 ?ace (?<0,001), a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001), a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001) oa a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii. I?e ni?iaeuei?e oi?i? aeai??e?i?coth/i? iaoieia?? ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiei a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaiei a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII - 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e iici/eia?e oi?i? ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiei a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII - 3,1 ?ace (?<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IEaceI i?aeaeuaiee a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e iici/eiai-ni?iaeuei?e oi?i?: aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiith a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 2,9 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaia a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e oea?aa?aeuei?e oi?i? ?N aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiith a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 3,4 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI? i?aeaeuaiith a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceI a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e ia?eoa??ei?e oi?i? aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI oaeiae ? iiieaeaiith a 1,3 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaiith a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001), a ?IEaceII a 2,1 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e eaaeiio nooiai? ia?aa?ao aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiei a 1,4 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII - a 2,3 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaia a 1,5 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e na?aaeiuei-aaaeeiio nooiai? ia?aa?ao aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI iiieaeaia a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 3,1 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceIi?aeaeuaia a 1,7 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII a 2,2 ?ace (?<0,001). I?e aaaeeiio nooiai? ia?aa?ao aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI oaeiae ? iiieaeaia. a naia a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII a 3,3 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI i?aeaeuaia a 2,1 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001). Ia ii/aoeo caaino?aiiy aeoeai?noue ioeeaac ? ??ciith, a naia: ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iacia/ii iiieaeaiei a 1,2 ?ace (?<0,02), AeIEaceII - a 2,0 ?ace (?<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaiei a 1,8 ?ace (?<0,001), ?IEaceII - a 2,2 ?ace (?<0,001). Ia ee?i?/iee e?iaoeue caaino?aiiy ??aaiue AeIEaceI ? iiieaeaiei a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), ??aaiue AeIEaceII - a 2,7 ?ace (?<0,001), a ??aaiue ?IEaceI oa ?IEaceII ? i?aeaeuaiee a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) eiaeai. I?e ?icn?yiiio neea?ic? o ii??aiyii? c ii?iith (?1), ??aaiue ioeeaac ??ciei, a naia: aeoeai?noue AeIEaceI iiieaeaia a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001), AeIEaceII - a 2,7 ?ace (?<0,001), a aeoeai?noue ?IEaceI ? i?aeaeuaia a 1,6 ?ace (?<0,001) ? ?IEaceII a 1,9 ?ace (?<0,001). Ocaaaeueithth/e io?eiai? aeai?, ne?ae aeacaoe ia iniaeea? ii?ooaiiy ioeea?iiaiai iaoaaie?cio o oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii ? ia aca?iica’ycie oeeo ii?ooaiue c? nooiaiai oyaeeino?, a acaaae? c oacith caaino?aiiy aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano. Ine?eueee a ia??iae no?eei? ?ai?n?? niinoa??aa?oueny /?oei ae?aaeaia oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? aeaieo iieaciee?a, oi iiaeia aeoiaoe, ui i?e ?ai?n?? ioeea?iia? eeneioe ne?iaaoee e?ia?, iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?aai?ciii o ieai? ?aooee?caoe?? aeey aia?aaoe/ieo oa ieanoe/ieo iio?aa. I?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo AeIE a ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye ?acoeueoao aeano?oeoeaieo i?ioean?a, ui ia?aa?aathoue a ia?aia?e nenoai?, ? ia?o ca ana, a aeai??e?i?ciaaieo aieieiao. Cieaeaiiy ai?noo ?IE a ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? na?ae/eoue aai i?i iecueeo caeaoi?noue oeueiai eiioeiaaioo aei aioeo?eiooai?aiiy aai i?i ia?aaaao o ieo aeei?enoaiiy ?IE iaae eiai neioacii, ui iiaeia ?aooaaoe i?iyaii iecueei? ?aaeoeaiino? ? oaeaeeiai aeniaaeaiiy caoenieo nee i?aai?cio oai?iai ?N. I?aeaiaey/e i?aenoiee iaaaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo ne?ae neacaoe, ui iaea?eueo i?eaeaoiei aeey iaoe ae?aaiinoeee iiaea noaoe oano ?IE e?ia?, yeee c aenieith aeinoia??i?noth aeicaiey? a?ae??cieoe ?N a?ae oea?aa?aeueiiai a?aoii?aeeoo, a oaeiae ? aaii?aa?/iiai ?inoeueoo, ?oai?/iiai ?inoeueoo oa iooeei. A oie /an ioeea?iia? eeneioe e?ia? ye AeIE oae ? ?IE iiaeooue neoaeeoe ? i?iaiinoe/iei oanoii aeey ioe?iee noaio oai?eo ? aeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Ai?no ?IE iiieaeo?oueny o an?o a?oiao oai?eo (?<0,001). Iaeii/anii ca?eueoo?oueny aeoeai?noue ?IEac, i?e/iio ae?aaeaia ca?eueoaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny o oai?eo c ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/ei ia?aa?aii i?e na?aaeiuei-aaaeeiio oa aaaeeiio nooiai? oyaeeino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. I?e eaaeiio nooiai? oyaeeino? ?icn?yiiai neea?ico ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaiino? ?IEac aoei iacia/iei. O oai?eo ?N ai?no AeIE ca?eueoo?oueny (?<0,001). A?eueo ae?aaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny o oai?eo c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy 1-5 ?ie?a i?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio ia?aa?ao, ni?iaeueii-iici/eia?e oi?i?, na?aaeiuei-aaaeeiio nooiai? aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano. Aeoeai?noue AeIEac ciaioo?oueny. Aiae?c iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaco? ia cia/i? ci?ie ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa aeoeaiino? ioeeaac a e?ia? oai?eo ?N. Ciaioaiiy ai?noo ?IE iiaea caeaaeaoe a?ae i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ?IEac, a oaeiae a?ae ciaioaiiy neioaco ?? a i?aai?ci? i?e caaino?aii? aeai??e?i?coth/iai i?ioeano o ca’yceo c? ci?iaie caaacia/aiiy i?aai?cio eeniai. Ca?eueoaiiy AeIE a e?ia?, iaaooue caeaaeeoue a?ae ca?eueoaiiy c?oeiiaaieo oeaieiieo ee?oei. A E N I I A E E 1. Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aioeaai?a a?noinoi?niino?, ai?noo IE oa ioeeaac o oai?eo ?N a cii? aenieiai ?eceeo aea? ciiao ae??oeoe i?iaeaio ae?aaiinoeee oe??? iaoieia?? oa iaeii/anii ?iciaaeoaaoe ?? a?ae ?ioeo caoai?thaaiue, /anoi noiaeeo ia ii/aoeo aeaathoo. 2. Ciia aenieiai ?eceeo caoai?thaaiiy, yeith ? Euea?anueea iaeanoue, ia? nai? iniaeeaino? o ?iciiae?e? aioeaai?a (HLA): aioeaai A26 /ano?oa niinoa??aa?oueny i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/i-?ai?ooth/iio ia?aa?ao oai?iae, aioeaai A28 - i?e ia?aeiii-i?ia?anoth/iio, a oie aea /an ia noeeuei?noue aei ?icn?yiiai neea?ico aeaco? aioeaai A35. 3. Oi/a ao?ieia?y ? iaoiaaiac ?N aea/ai? iaaeinoaoiuei, i?ioa iaea?eueo iioe?aiith oi/eith ci?o ? oaea, yea iaaea? ia?aaaao eiai aeieeiaiith a??oni?e ?ioaeoe?? c ii?ooaiiyi ?ioii?aaoeyoe?? a aaiaoe/ii noeeueiiio i?aai?ci? c o?aooaaiiyi ae?? oaeoi??a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ye? iiaeooue aooe ia iaeiaeiaeie o iaei?e n?i’?. Iayai?noue oeeo oaeoi??a, /anoi ia?ici?ciaieo, iiaea i?enei?eoe ii/aoie aai i?aeneeeoe i?ia?anoaaiiy oai?iae, a a?aenooi?noue - a?aeno?i/eoe aai caiia?aoe ?? aeieeiaiith. 4. A i?aeoe/iiio ieai? iiooe anioe?aoe?e ILA c oai?iaaie a?aee?eaa? iia? ia?niaeoeae aeey i?aaaioeaii? iaaeeoeeie. Ca aeiiiiiaith ILA-ia?ea??a iiaeia aecia/eoe i?aeaeuaio ni?eeiyoeea?noue aei ??cieo oai?ia. I?aaaioeaia e?eoaaiiy a oaeeo aeiaaeeao, iiaeeeai, aoaea a?eueo aeinooiiei ? ?acii c oei, a?eueo aoaeoeaiei, oiio ui aeicaieeoue a?aooaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? i?aai?cio. 5. Eieeaaiiy ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio ni?aiaaea? ?c caaino?aiiyi oai?iae ? ia? ??ciiiai?aaeaiee oa?aeoa?, a naia: i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo AeIE ? ?acoeueoaoii aeano?oeoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? ia?aa?aathoue a oeaieiao, ? ia?o ca ana a aeai??e?i?ciaaieo aieieiao; cieaeaiiy ai?noo ?IE ? na?ae/aiiyi iaaeinoaoiino? eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio ? oaeaeei? aeniaaeeeaino? caoenieo nee aeaiiai eiioeiaaio oai?eo. 6. sseui ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio AeIE oa ?IE oa c?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? ioeeaac (AeIEace?, AeIEace??, ?IEace?, AeIEace??) ? oa?aeoa?ieie aeey ?inoeueo?a, a?aoii?aeeoo oa iooeei, oi ae?aaiinoe/iei oanoii aeey aecia/aiiy aeai??e?i?coth/i? iaoieia?? iiaea neoaeeoe cieaeaiiy ??aiy ?IE ? iaeii/ania ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaiino? ?IEac. 7. Ii?aeiaiiy iaeii/aniiai aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee ci?i ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa ?o oa?iaio?a o aeaieo a?oi oai?eo (?icn?yiee neea?ic, aaii?aa?/iee oa ?oai?/iee ?inoeueoe, a?aoii?aeeoe, iooeeie) ni?ey? a?eueo iiaiiio ae??oaiith i?iaeaie ae?aaiinoeee, i?iaiico, ia?aa?ao, a ioaea ? aoaeoeaiiai i?aeai?o oa?ai?? i?e aeai??e?i?coth/?e iaoieia??. 8. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee ?icn?yiiai neea?ico iiaeooue aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a iaa?ieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe? ye o ae??oaii? ieoaiiy ae?aaiinoeee, ia?aa?ao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano oae ? ioe?iee ee?i?/iiai noaio oai?iai. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. C iaoith ae?aaiinoeee, a ioaea ? nai?/aniiai niinoa?aaeaiiy oa i?io?eaeoe/iiai e?eoaaiiy ua aei iiyae ee?i?/ieo iciae ?N ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aecia/aiiy aioeaai?a a?noinoi?niino? ca nenoaiith HLA, cie?aia aioeaai?a eieono A35 oa A26, A28 o cii? eiai aenieiai ?eceeo. 2. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee i?ae ?N ? ?ioeie caoai?thaaiiyie, ye? iiaeooue iaaiee ia??iae ia?aa?ao nai?? iaoieia?? aeaaaoe iiae?aio iaa?ieia?/io neioiiaoeeo, iaiao?aeia aecia/aiiy ??aiy IE oa aioeaiino? ioeeaac. 3. I?aeoe/iei e?ea?yi (iaa?ieiaai iie?ee?i?e oa iaa?ieia?/ieo noaoe?iia??a) o noii?aieo aeiaaeeao noiniaii ?icn?yiiai neea?ico i?iaiaeeoe ye aaiaoe/ia oae ? a?io?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?eoa??eii? e?ia?. O ia?oiio aeiaaeeo aecia/aiiy aioeaai?a a?noinoi?niino? ca nenoaiith HLA, a ae?oaiio - ??aiy ioeea?iiaeo eeneio oa aeoeaiino? ioeeaac. NIENIE IOAE?EAOe?E CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Nei/?e I.A., Ne?io?ia I.N., Iaey?nueea I.A. Ee?i?ei-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia aea/aiiy ?icn?yiiai neea?ico ia Euea?auei? // Oe?a?inueeee a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. - o.4.- aei.3(10). Oa?e?a. - 1997.- N.70-72. 2. Iaey?nueea I.A. N?iaei? oi?ie iiiaeeiiiai neea?ico // E?ea?nueea ni?aaa. - aei.3. - 1997. - N.134-135. 3. Iaey?nueea I.A. No/aniee noai e?eoaaiiy ?icn?yiiai neea?ico // Aenia?eiaioaeueia oa ee?i?/ia o?c?ieia?y ? a?io?i?y. - aei.1. - 1998. - N.99-102. 4. Iaey?nueea I.A. Aioeaaie a?noinoi?niino? o oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii o cii? eiai aenieiai ?eceeo // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.- o.5, /.1.- 1998.- N. 54-55. 5. Nei/?e I.A., Iaey?nueea I.A. Iaaeeei-nioe?aeuei? aniaeoe i?iaeaie ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii // Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee. - o.5, /.1.- 1998 - N. 71-72. 6. Iaey?nueea I.A. Ii??aiyiiy ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio o oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii, ?inoeueoaie, a?aoii?aeeoaie oa iooeeiaie // Iaoeiaee a?niee Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.E.Oe?a?iee. Na??y: a?ieia?y. Iaaeeoeeia. ?4, Eooeuee, 1998.- N.113-115. 7. Iaey?nueea I.A. A?noinoi?ni?noue o oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii a oiiaao Euea?anueei? iaeano? // Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo 100 ??//th A?iieoeueei? iae. ineoi-iaa?ie. e?ea?i? ?i.I.?.THuaiea, 11-13 aa?aniy, 1997. - A?iieoey. - N. 79-80. 8. Iaey?nueea I.A. Oa?aeoa? ci?i ioeea?iiaiai iaoaaie?cio o oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? iiaeyaee ia i?iaeaie ai?aeai?ieia??, ao?iiaoiaaiaco, ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy ?icn?yiiai neea?ico oa iiaeeeaino? eiai ?aaa?e?oaoe??”. Euea?a, 1998, 21-22 o?aaiy. Euea?a. - N.44-47. Iaey?nueea I.A. Ee?i?ei-a?io?i?/i? oa aaiaoe/i? aniaeoe ?icn?yiiai neea?ico o cii? eiai aenieiai ?eceeo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.15 - ia?aia? oai?iae. Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aioeaaiiiai ?iciiae?eo oai?eo ?icn?yiei neea?icii o cao?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie, cie?aia o Euea?anuee?e iaeano?, oa e?euee?niiai ai?noo ioeea?iiaeo eeneio ? aeoeaiino? ioeeaac o ia?eoa??ei?e e?ia? aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiy oeeo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a c oaeeie o oai?eo c ?ioeie oai?iaaie (aaii?aa?/iei oa ?oai?/iei ?inoeueoaie, iooeeiaie, a?aoii?aeeoaie). Oae? ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee (iaoiae “oeeoioiene/ii? eiiieaiaioa?iino? Oa?anae?, niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iee iaoiae Oeai?aa oa Ia?eiaa oa iiaeeo?eiaai? iaoiaee Eaaeoeueeiai oa Naiieaethea). Aeyaeaii ae?aaiinoe/iee oano aeey aeeoa?aioe?eii? ae?aaiinoeee ?icn?yiiai neea?ico, iaaiee aioeaaiiee ?iciiae?e, a?aei?iiee a?ae iienaieo a e?oa?aoo??. Io?eiai? aeai? aeicaieythoue noaeeoe i?i iaoieia?/iee i?ioean, a oea aea? a?eueo aeeaiea ?icoi?iiy iaoiaaiaco ?icn?yiiai neea?ico. a ca?aene ? i?aea?? aoaeoeaieo e?e?a aeey oa?ai??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?icn?yiee neea?ic, a?noinoi?ni?noue, ioeea?iia? eeneioe, ioeeaace, aeeoa?aioe?eia ae?aaiinoeea. Malyarska N.V. Clinico-biochemical and genetical aspects of multiple sclerosis in zone of high risk - Manuscript. The dissertation for obtaining the scientific degree of candidat of medical sciences on speciality 14.01.15 - nervous diseases. Kyiv medical academy of Post-Graduated named after P.Shupyk Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the study of antigen distribution in multiple sclerosis patients in Western region of Ukraine, in particular in Lviv region. By carried out investigations it was estimated, that the antigens of histocompatibility of man (HLA) in this population differ from those, described in literature (A2, A3, B7). According to our data, - the presence of antigen A26 testifies to recidiv-remittance course of the disease, and antigen A28 - to primary-progressive course. Antigen B35 - testifies to demielinising pathology inclination, multiple sclerosis just represents this pathology. Antigens of lokus B - B17 and B40 - did not manifest themselves in patients with this pathology. And that’s why the presence of these antigens (B17, B40) in gen type - is the evidence of resistency to multiple sclerosis. In this part - our data coincide with those, described in literature. The investigations were carried out by means of 2-stage micromethod of P.Terasaki. The data got - testify to special antigen distribution of Western region population of Ukraine, in particular in Lviv region, which is the zone of high risk of disease. The investigations of nuclein metabolism were carried out in patients with multiple sclerosis, hemorrhagic and ischemic insults, tumours, arakhnoiditis. In hemorrhagic insult patients observed is - the increase of DNA and RNA content, and of all ferments activity (DNA-s I, DNA-s II, RNA-s I, RNA-s II) in peripheral blood. In ischemic insult - takes place the increase of nucleic acids content and of nucleases activity. For tumours of any genesis-characteristic is the increase of DNA content and RNA content - and the increase of activity of DNA-s I, RNA-s II, at the same time - the lowering of activity of DNA-s II. In arakhnoiditis - there also takes place the increase of DNA and RNA content and of activity DNA-s I, RNA-s I, RNA-s II and at the same time - the activity DNA-s II - is lowered. Only in patients with multiple sclerosis take place other changes in ideces of nuclein metabolism. So, DNA content in peripheral blood of patients - is increased, comparing to control, and RNA content - is decreased. Nucleases activity also differs, namely: observed is the lowering of DNA-s I and DNA-s II activity, and at the same time - RNA-s I, RNA-s II activity - increases. The increase of DNA content and lowering of nucleases activity in peripheral blood of patients - testify to the presence of destructive processes in nervous system, in particular - in demielinised fibres. The lowering of RNA content and the increase of nucleases activity - is the consequence of lowering of antibody formation and of insufficiency of compensatory possibilities in this group of patients. For diagnostics need - the doctor may use the determination of RNA contant, and of RNA-s I, RNA-s II activity - in peripheral blood of multiple sclerosis patients. Such biochemical blood investigations must be carried out - as in the period of disease sharpness, just so - during stable remission. For carrying out of the investigation - used was the spektrophotometric method of Tsanev and Markov and the modified mikromethods of Levitsky and Samoidiuk. The data got - allow to guess about the character of pathologic process, and this helps to more deeply understand the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis, and in future - to choose more effective drugs for therapeutical treatment of the disease. Key words: multiple sclerosis, histocompatibility, nucleus acids, nucleasis, differential diagnostics. Iaey?neay I.A. Eeeieei-aeioeie/aneea e aaiaoe/aneea aniaeo ?annayiiai neea?ica a ciia aai anieiai ?enea. - ?oeiienue. Aeena?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.15 - ia?aia aieacie. - Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai iao/aiey ei.I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aei. Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aioeaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey aieueio ?annayiii neea?icii a caiaaeiii ?aaeiia Oe?aei, a /aniinoe ai Eueaianeie iaeanoe e eiee/anoaaiiiai niaea?aeaiey ioeeaeiiao eeneio a oaeaea aeoeaiinoe ioeeaac a ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae aeaiiiai eiioeiaaioa aieueio, a oaeaea n?aaiaiea oeo aeioeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae n oaeeie o aieueio n ae?oaeie caaieaaaieyie (eoaie/aneei e aaii?aae/aneei einoeueoaie, iiooieyie, a?aoiieaeeoaie). Oaeea eeneaaeiaaiey i?iaiaeeeenue n iiiiuueth ecaanoio iaoiaeia aeeaaiinoeee (iaoiae “oeeoeoiene/aneie” eiiieaiaioa?iinoe Oa?anaee, niaeo?ioioiiao?e/aneee iaoiae Oeaiaaa e Ia?eiaa e iiaeeoeoee?iaaiia iaoiae Eaaeoeeiai e Naiieaethea). Ayaeaii aeeaaiinoe/aneee oano aeey aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie aeeaaiinoeee ?annayiiiai neea?ica, ii?aaeaeaiiia aioeaaiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea iiioeyoeee, ioee/eoaeueiia io eeoa?aoo?io. Iieo/aiia aeaiia aeatho aiciiaeiinoue ioeaieoue iaoieiae/aneee i?ioeann, a oi iicaieyao oaeoaeaiii iiiyoue iaoiaaiac ?annayiiiai neea?ica, a ionthaea e iiaeai? ooaeoeaio i?aia?aoia aeey ea/aiey. Eeth/aaa neiaa: ?annayiie neea?ic, aenoiniaianoeiinoue, ioeeaeiiaa eeneio, ioeeaac, aeeooa?aioeeaeueiay aeeaaiinoeea.

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