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35

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

EAIONOIEE Aaea??e Aiae??eiae/

OAeE 616-001.34-057-08-092

EE?I?*I?, IAOIAAIAOE*I? ? OA?AIAAOE*I? ANIAEOE NO*ANIIAI IA?AA?AO
A?A?AOe?EII? OAI?IAE ssE IAOIEIA?? EE?OEIIEO IAIA?AI

14.01.02 – aioo??oi? oai?iae

AAOI?AOA?AO AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

AeIEOI?A IAAeE*IEO IAOE

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Einothe ?iia
Oaaei??aia, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith aioo??oi?o ? i?ioan?eieo oai?ia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iia??i
Aiaoie?e Aai?a?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueea aeaaeai?y
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ee?i?/ii?
oa?iaeieia??;

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/,

?inoeooo oa?ai?? AII Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii

a?oa??aeueii? a?ia?oii??;

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?iaeae ?aai Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey,

caa?aeoth/ee eo?nii i?ioan?eieo oai?ia.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y
IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a oieoaeueii? oa?ai?? ? 1 c eo?nii i?ioiaoieia?? ?
a?enueeiai-iieueiai? oa?ai??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 16 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 13-30
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.04 i?e
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (310022, i.Oa?e?a,
i?ini. Eai?ia, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?ini. Eai?ia,
4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 14 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
E.?.Ia/a?aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae a?ae aieeao
eieaeueii? a?a?aoe?? ua inoaoi/ii ia ae??oaia ? i?iaeiaaeo? i?eaa?oaoe
oaaao aeine?aeiee?a-i?ioiaoieia?a.

O oaia??oi?e /an aeineoue ae?acii aeyaey?oueny ianoaaeia, ui aeaco? ia
aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie, aaeaea caoai?thaai?noue ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao caeeoa?oueny aenieith ? i?iaeiaaeo? c?inoaoe, cie?aia ia
oa?eoi??? NIAe (A.A. Noai?ia e niaao., 1985, 1991; A.A. Noai?ia, A.A.
A?oaiiiiaa, 1992; TH.E. Eoiaeeaa e niaao., 1993; A.A. Eo/oe, A.I.
E?anithe, 1993; I.A. A?oiaa e niaao., 1995; A.N. Iaoiaiei e niaao.,
1995; TH.E. Eoiaeeaa, A.I. E?anithe, 1997; TH.?. Eoiae??a, 1998). Oae, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeaieie I.I. ??oiai? ? ni?aaaoi??a (1995) ca 1988-1993
?? a oe?eiio ii ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noao Oe?a?ie e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a
a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae ca?eueoeeanue o 1,9 ?ace. O no?oeoo?? i?ioan?eii?
caoai?thaaiino? aiia iin?aea? ae?oaa i?noea (aei 10 %) (TH.E. Eoiaeeaa,
A.I. E?anithe, 1997; I.A. Ea?iaoo ? ni?aaao., 1998).

Ia nueiaiaei? iaeiie/aii aeineoue aaeeeee ianya ?ioi?iaoe??aoe??, eio?a
na?ae/eoue i?i neeaaeiee iaoiaaiac a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae ?c aaaaoiaoaiiei
oa?aeoa?ii ?icaeoeo i?ioeano, a yeiio aa?ooue o/anoue ii?ooaiiy,
iaoiiaeai? caaaeueiia?ieia?/iith ae??th a?a?aoe?? ia i?aai?ci, a oaeiae
i?noeaa? ?c aeeth/aiiyi nenoai, ?aaoethth/eo ?aa?iiaeueiee noaeeiiee
oiion (A.A. Noai?ia, A.A. A?oaiiiiaa, 1992; I.I. Iaeueieeiaa, 1995; W.
Taylor, D. Wasserman, 1994). O ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae
noaeeii? i?iyae iin?aeathoue iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue (TH.E. Eoiaeeaa,
A.I. E?anithe, 1997). Oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a noaeeiieo
ci?i i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? i?ioiaeeoue c ii?ooaiiyi iae?iaoii?aeueii?
?aaoeyoe?? oa ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueiiai aiiainoaco,
i?aeaeuaiiyi ?aaeoeaiino? ?aa?iiaeueieo (2 aae?aii?aoeaioi??a
ia?eoa?e/ieo noaeei, o?aaeaiiyi ?ie?nii? ? iai?iii? ooieoe?e
eai?ey?ii-aaioey?iiai a?aeae?eo iiaa?oiaaeo noaeei eeno? oa caeo/aiiyi o
iiaeaeueoiio i?aeai?ey?ieo ? ?acenoeaieo noaeei, i?eai?/aiiyi nenoaie
a?iio?c-aiiaaee ?c cieaeaiiyi ?-a?oai?iii? aeoeaiino? oa eeniaaiai
aiiainoaco (A.A. A?oaiiiiaa e niaao., 1990; A.I. Aaeai e niaao., 1990;
E.A. Eoneiaa, 1990; A.A. A?oaiiiiaa, E.A. Eoneiaa, 1991; O.I.
Nooa?aaneay e niaao., 1991). I?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? cieaeo?oueny
aeoeai?noue ?aaoeyoi?ieo ai?iiiaeueieo iaoai?ci?a, ye? i?ioeae?thoue
iaaaioaaeoaaeuei?e a?ia?eaeueoe?e?i??. Aacieiino?eeoi?i? ?aaeoe?? noaeei
oe??e iaeueoe?a ? iaeiei ?c eiiiiiaio?a ?aaoeyoi?ii? ?aaeoe??, iinyoue
eaeueoe?ecaeaaeiee oa?aeoa?, cia/ii cieaeothoueny i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai
aieeao ia noaeeie aeieaoi??a eaeueoe??aeo eaiae?a, oae caaieo
aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th (A.A. Eieiieaoe, 1988; A.I. Aaeai, 1988).
Cao?eniaaii ie?ai? oaeoe ci?ie no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
a?eo?ioeeo?a o oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao (E.A. Oiaaeia e niaao.,
1990).

Nueiaiaei? caeeoathoueny iac’yniaaieie aeinoaoiueith i??ith aaaaoi
iaoai?ci?a ooeiaeaeaiiy ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a ia
??ai? a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai, ye? aeieeathoue i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?,
aeeeeeai?e aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??. Caeeoathoueny ia aecia/aieie a
aeaoaeyo eaeueoe?ecaeaaeiee oa?aeoa? aacieiino?eeoi?ieo ?aaeoe?e, noai
a?ee?a iaia?aiiiai eiiieaeno, ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ?
aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo, cie?aia a?eo?ioeeo?a, a naia aiie cia/iith
i??ith ni?eythoue iioeiaeaeaiith a?ieia?/ieo iaia?ai ? aeeeeeathoue
iacai?ioi? ci?ie no?oeoo?e ? ooieoe?? ee?oei, aac /iai iaiiaeeeaa
?aoe?iiaeueia iaoiaaiaoe/ii coiiaeaia oa?ai?y.

Aea/aiiy noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? ia ee?oeiiiio ?
iieaeoey?iiio ??aiyo iiaea aooe ia’?eoeaiith aacith aeey aecia/aiiy
i?eioeei?a iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?ai?? oe??? iaoieia??. Nthaee iathoue
a?aeiineoenue caoeno iaia?ai iioeiaeaeaieo ee?oei, iai?eeeaae,
a?eo?ioeeo?a, ei?aeoe?y no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae
inoaii?o oa iaoai?ci?a o?ainiaia?aiiiai ia?aiino ? aioo??oiueiee?oeiiiai
?iciiae?eo ?ii?a. ?acii c oei a aeinooii?e e?oa?aoo?? iaie ia ciaeaeaii
?ia?o, a yeeo ae aeine?aeaeoaaeenue aa?’??i? ooieoe?? iaia?ai
a?eo?ioeeo?a, eio?? ?aaoeththoue aioo??oiueiee?oeiiee ?iiiee aiiainoac
i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?. Iiai?noth a?aenooi? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?no
niaeo?eio, aeoeio ? a?eea nioae 3 a a?eo?ioeeoao o oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao. Ia ciaeoei ua eiiieaeniiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a o oeeo
oai?eo. ?acii c oei, iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy iaoai?ci?a ooeiaeaeoth/i? ae??
oaeoi??a ??cii? i?e?iaee (iieaeoey?ieo, aaiaoe/ieo, ?ioiieia?/ieo)
a?aeianaii aei i??i?eoaoieo iaoeiaeo iai?yie?a iaaee/ii? iaoee (TH.E.
Eoiaeeaa e niaao., 1995; A.O. Aiceaiia, 1997; I.O. Ecia?ia, 1998).

Aeeeaaeai? aeua ianoaaeie iiaiith i??ith iaa?oioiaothoue aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeaie, ui aea/a?oueny, ?? oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. O ca’yceo
c oeei iaie e aoei i?iaaaeaia oea aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaia a ?aieao
caoaa?aeaeaii? iaoeiai? oaiaoeee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01950023469).

Iaoa ?iaioe. ?ic?iaea iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?, aeeeeeai?e aieeaii
eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??, ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiue
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeanoeainoae iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. 1. Noai?aiiy aace aeaieo ia iniia? aea/aiiy
caoai?thaaiino? (aia?oa ca?a?no?iaai? aeiaaeee) a?a?aoe?eiith oai?iaith,
aeeeeeaiith aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??, na?aae ?ia?oiee?a
iaoeiiaoae?aiiai eiiieaeno i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa ?yaeo iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? i. Oa?eiaa, a 1990-1996 ??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? ? oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee o oai?eo
ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao, aeeeeeaio aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??.

3. Aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue
iaia?ai

a?eo?ioeeo?a ? iai?io eaeueoe?th o oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao.

4. Aeyaeaiiy noaio ii?ooaiue i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy
e?i?ae?a ee?oeiaeo iaia?ai ? aioeieneaeaioiiai caoenoo o oai?eo ia
a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao.

5. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee a?eo?ioeeo?a
ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? ? ?o a?iioa?i?/ii?
no?eeino?.

6. Aecia/aiiy aeeiai?ee ee?i?/ieo aeaieo, iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? ?
oeaio-

?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee, iai?io eaeueoe?th, i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ? noaio aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy
a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae.

7. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ee?i?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy, ?ic?iaea ?
ai?iaaoe?y noaie aaeaeaaoiiai, iaoiaaiaoe/ii coiiaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy
noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia oa oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia i?eeeaae?
ee?oeiii? iiaeae? – a?eo?ioeeo?, iieacaii ?icaeoie i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e
oai?ia? iaia?aiii? iaoieia?? ? aeiaaaeaii ?? ?ieue a ?i?oe?aoe??
iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a i?aeo?eiee aenieiai oiiono noaeei i?e aeaiiio
caoai?thaaii?.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui a iaoai?ci? ?icaeoeo noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue i?e
a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? iathoue aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ii?ooaiiy iai?io
eaeueoe?th ? iia’ycaia c iei i?eai?/aiiy iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoe??
eaeueoe??aiai aiiainoaco, a oaeiae aeac?ioaa?aoe?y a?ee?a oeeoineaeaoii?
n?oee a?eo?ioeeo?a ?c ci?iith aeanoeainoae iaia?aiiiai
niaeo?ei-aeoeiiaiai eiiieaeno, aeoeaaoe?y a?eueii?aaeeeaeueieo i?ioean?a
o e?i?aeao iaia?ai ? cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aioeieneaeaioii? nenoaie.

Aeieacaii iiaeeea?noue ae?aaiinoeee a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae a ?? ??cieo
noaae?yo oeyoii aea/aiiy ii?oia?eo?ia?ai e?ia? oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao c o?aooaaiiyi nooiaiy iaeiie/aiiy ia?aaeaaiie?oe/ieo oi?i
a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy o oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th ? noi?niiai i?ecia/aiiy aioaaii?no?a
eaeueoe?th ? oi?o?ieo. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee
ee?i?/ieo ? ia?aee?i?/ieo aeaieo ia oii? oa?ai?? ??cieie i?aia?aoaie
aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th (i?oaaeei?i, aeeeo?acai, aa?aiai?e), a oaeiae
i?oaaeei?iii ? oi?o?ieii ? ?o aeaoaeueiee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c.
?ic?iaeai? ? ai?iaiaai? noaie ?aoe?iiaeueii? oa?ai?? a?a?aoe?eii?
oai?iae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo
iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo noaeeiieo ii?ooaiue ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee
? e?eoaaiiy a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae i?aia?aoaie a?oie aioaaii?no?a
eaeueoe?th ? a?o/eciyiei aioeieneaeaioii – oi?o?ieii. Io?eiai? aeai?
iieeaaeaii a iniiao ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai eenoa “Canoinoaaiiy aioaaii?noa
eaeueoe?th i?oaaeei?io i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?”, aeaeaiiai
?anioae?eainueeei oeaio?ii iaoeiai? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? IIC Oe?a?ie a
1994 ?ioe? ? ?ic?neaiiai a e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/i? caeeaaee Oe?a?ie ?
iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie IIC Oe?a?ie (1996 ?.) “Ae?aaiinoeea noaeeiieo
ii?ooaiue o oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao oa ?o e?eoaaiiy aioaaii?noaie
eaeueoe?th”, io?eiaii aeaa iaoaioe Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiaee: “Niin?a
aecia/aiiy nooiaiy oyaeeino? a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae” (1997 ?.) oa “Niin?a
e?eoaaiiy a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae” (1998 ?.).

I?aeoe/i?e ia?aae? ioi?iie caei?ia’y cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a ia’?eoeaiiai
aecia/aiiy nooiaiy oyaeeino? a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae oeyoii ii?oieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ea?oeie e?ia?. Oeae niin?a iieyaa? o oiio, ui a
ii?oia?eo?ia?aiao ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? in?a, eiioaeooth/eo c a?a?aoe??th,
aecia/athoue i?ioeaioiee ai?no ii?iioeeo?a ? ia?aaeaaiie?oe/ieo oi?i, ?,
a ?ac? ai?noo inoaii?o a?ae 2,8 aei 3,7 %, noaaeyoue ae?aaiic ( nooiaiy
oyaeeino?, a i?e ?o e?eueeino? a 3,8-4,6 % – ?? nooiaiy oyaeeino?
a?a?aoeeii? oai?iae. Niin?a noaa iniiaith aeiaoiaeo ? caoeuaiee iaoaioii
(1997 ?.). Io?eiaii oaeiae iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo “Niin?a
e?eoaaiiy a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae” (1998 ?.). Cai?iiiiiaaii aeiaeaoeia?
ia’?eoeai? e?eoa??? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao: aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? iaeiie/aiiy Na a a?eo?ioeeoao, iayaiino?
iaia?aiiiai niaeo?eio, aeoeio ? a?eea nioae 3, oaeaeeino? aeoeaiiai ?
ianeaiiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ?oa?ae?y (ye aiaeiaa eae?th) a
a?eo?ioeeoe, ooai?aiiy a a?eo?ioeeoao iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo,
aeoeaiino? aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace ? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace.

?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii niiniae ae?aaiinoeee ? e?eoaaiiy a?a?aoe?eii?
oai?iae, aeeeeeaii? aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??, aeeeaaeai? o aeaio
Iaoaioao Oe?a?ie ia aeiaoiaee oa ioae?eaoe?yo, ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoe/io
?iaioo ee?i?ee Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo a?a??ie
i?aoe? oa i?ioan?eieo oai?ia, Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?
i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue, 3-?, 7-?, 8-?, iaaeeei-nai?oa?ieo /anoei i.
Oa?eiaa, iaaeeei-nai?oa?ii? /anoeie i?eeaaeiaoae?aiiai caaiaeo i.
?cthia. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao: aioo??oi?o ? i?ioan?eieo oai?ia
Oa?e?anueeiai, i?ioan?eieo oai?ia ? ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a??ie Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaieo iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a, a?a??ie ? i?ioan?eieo oai?ia
Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe
aeeth/aii a i?ae?o/iee “I?ioan?ei? oai?iae”, i?ecia/aiee aeey nooaeaio?a
iaaee/ieo aoc?a Oe?a?ie III – IV ??aiy ae?aaeeoaoe?? (1998 ?.).

Aeaeea?aoe?y iniaenoiai aianeo aeena?oaioa a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iayai? a ?iaio? iaoeia? iaoa??aee ?
oaeoe/i? aeai? ? naiino?eiei aianeii aaoi?a a ?ic?iaethaaio i?iaeaio.
Aaoi? i?iaaaeea a?aea?? oaiaoe/ieo oai?eo oa a?aa o/anoue o ?o
ianoaaeaii? ? e?eoaaii?. Ia?iaea ee?i?/-ieo, ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueieo
oa eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaia ca iniaenoith o/anoth aaoi?a.
Cai?iiiiiaai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a niiniae ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao ? aaciina?aaei?ie ?ic?iaeaie aaoi?a.
Oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy ee?i?/ieo, ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueieo aeaieo, a
oaeiae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?iaaaeai?
aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe ii?eethaeiaii oa
iaaiai?aii ia: III I?aeia?iaei?e ?iai/?e ia?aae? “*aeiaae e aea?aoeey
(Iineaa, 1993); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eiiiuethoa?iay oaoieea
e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea a iaaeeoeeia” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1993);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa-?aioe?? “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu
i?ioanneiiaeueiie iaoieiaee e ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iaaeeoeeiu” (Aeiiaoeuee,
1994); ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Ooiaeaiaioaeueiua e eeeie/aneea aniaeou nia?aiaiiie ?aaaeeeoaoeee”
(Iieoaaa, 1995); Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? ?c
i?aeia?iae-iith o/anoth, i?enay/ai?e 70-e?ooth Aeiiaoeueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo a?a??ie i?aoe? ? i?ioan?eieo
caoai?thaaiue, “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeaeaiu o?oaea, i?ioiaoieiaee e
iaaeeoeeineiai iaania/aiey o?oaeyueony i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee ia
nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey oicyenoaaiiiai eiiieaena Aeiiaanna”
(Aeiiaoeuee, 1995); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeueiua aii?inu aeae-aiu,
oeceieiaee o?oaea e i?ioiaoieiaee a i?iiuoeaiiinoe” (E?eaee ??a, 1995);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaaeeoeeie” (Oa?e?a, 1995); ? c’?cae?
Oe?a?inueeiai oiaa?enoaa e??ia?ieia?a ? e??iiaaeeoeeie (Oa?e?a, 1995);
O??? c’?cae? a?a??i?no?a Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a, 1997); XIV c’?cae? oa?aiaao?a
Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, 1998); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie a?a??ie i?aoe? ? i?ioiaoieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii? oa o?i?/i?e
i?iieneiaino?” (Oa?e?a, 1998); II Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ee?i?/ii? oa?iaeieia??” (A?iieoey, 1998);
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iia? ai?eciioe ?icaeoeo oa?ai??”
(Oa?e?a, 1999); can?aeaiiyo Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiaiai iaaee/iiai
oiaa?enoaa (1995, 1996).

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaia aeiiia?aeue ia noi?niiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo??oi?o oai?ia ? 2, oaeoeueoaonueei?
oa?ai??, aioo??oi?o oa i?ioan?eieo oai?ia Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ee?i?ee Aea?aeaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa
Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo a?a??ie i?aoe? oa i?ioan?eieo
oai?ia.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 8 aeaa aeanieo niinoa?aaeaiue, caeeth/ii? /anoeie,
aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioo
aeeeaaeaii ia 335 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaiiai 100
oaaeeoeyie ? 17 iaethieaie, ye? caeiathoue 63 noi??iee. A?ae?ia?ao?y
i?noeoue 521 aeaea?aei, a oiio /ene? 355 a?o/eciyieo ? 166 ca?oa?aeieo
aaoi??a, ?? ianya noaiiaeoue 53 a?eoo?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 37 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o
oiio /ene? 15 noaoae o oaoiaeo iaaee/ieo aeo?iaeao, aeaeaii 1 i?ae?o/iee
o ni?aaaoi?noa?, iaea?aeaii 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoei ianoaaeaii 405 oai?eo ia
a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao, aeeeeeaio aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??, ye? neeaee
aaco oai?eo ii a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia? ca 7-??/iee ia??iae (1990-1996 ??.)
ee?i?ee Aea?aeaaiiai i?aei?e?inoaa Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
?inoeooo a?a??ie i?aoe? oa i?ioan?eieo caoai?thaaiue – ee?i?/ii? aace
eaoaae?e aioo??oi?o oa i?ioan?eieo

oai?ia Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. On? oai?? –
?ia?oieee i?aei?e?inoa iaoeiiaoae?aiiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

A?e oai?eo eieeaaany a?ae 25 aei 60 ?ie?a, o na?aaeiueiio – 42,9 ( 1,5
?ieo. A?eueoo /anoeio ianoaaeaieo (91,6 %) noaiiaeee /ieia?ee;
iae/ano?oa (o 75,8 % aeiaaee?a) ae?aaiic a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae
aenoaaeyany oai?ei o a?oe? 31-50 ?ie?a (oaae. 1), oiaoi i?eiaaeaa ia
iaea?eueo i?aoeacaeaoiee ia??iae aeeooy. Na?aae oai?eo aoee: ia?oaoaa/?
eeoaa – 230 /ie. (56,8 %), nethna?? iaoaii-neeaaeaeueieo ?ia?o – 91
(22,5 %), oe?ooaaeueieee, iie??oaaeueieee, iaaeaea/ieee – 94 /ie. (20,7
%) (oaae. 2). Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee iniae, ye? i?aoethaaee o
iaoai?/ieo oeaoao iaoeiiaoae?aieo caaiae?a i. Oa?eiaa (onueiai 70 /ae.),
aea i?eiee ia iaee eiioaeoo ?c a?a?aoe??th.

Oaaeeoey 1

?iciiae?e oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao ca noaooth ? a?eii

NoaoueA?eia? a?oieAnueiai21-3031-4041-5051-60aan.

/enei%aan.

/enei%aan.

/enei%aan.

/enei%aan.

/enei%*ieia?ee113,012734,215140,78222,137191,6AE?iee–1441,21544,1514,73
48,4Anueiai112,714134,816641,08721,5405100

Oaaeeoey 2

?iciiae?e oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao ca i?ioan?yie

I?ioan?y*ieia?eeAE?ieeIaeaea?
noao?aan./enei%aan./enei%aan./enei%Ia?oaoaa/?22861,525,923056.8Nethna??
iaoaii-

neeaaeaeueieo ?ia?o

90

24,3

1

2,9

91

22,5Iie??oaaeueieee

oe?ooaaeueieee,

iaaeaea/ieee

53

14,2

31

91,2

94

20,7Anueiai37110034100405100

O?oaeiaee noaae ianoaaeaieo eieeaaany a?ae 3 aei 32 ?ie?a (o
na?aaeiueiio – 16,7 + 2,3 ?iee). Iaea?eueoee i?ioeaio aeiaaee?a
a?a?aoe?eii? oai?iae niinoa??aaany i?e noaae? ?iaioe iiiaae 10 ?ie?a: o
ia?oaoaa/?a – 15,1 + 1,0 ??e, nethna??a iaoaii-neeaaeaeueieo ?ia?o –
19,2 ± 2,3 ?iee ? a a?oi? iie??oaaeueiee?a, oe?ooaaeueiee?a,
iaaeaea/iee?a – 13,3 + 1,9 ?ieo. Iniiaieie oe?aeeeaeie oaeoi?aie i?ae
/an ?iaioe ?c iiaaii?ino?oiaioaie aoee: a?a?aoe?y, ooi, noaoe/ia
iai?oaeaiiy, iee.

A?a?aoe?eia oai?iaa ? noaae??, aeeeeeaia aieeaii eieaeueii? a?a?aoe??,
anoaiiaeaia o 334 oai?eo (82,5 %), ?? – o 71 oai?iai (17,5 %).
Ae?aaiinoeea caoai?thaaiiy i?iaaaeeeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c e?eoa??yie,
aeeeaaeaieie o iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo IIC N?N? ? Oe?a?ie a?ae 1985,
1987, 1992 ??. Iniaeeaa oaaaa caa?oaeanue ia noai ia?eoa?e/iiai ?
oeaio?aeueiiai e?iaiia?ao ? ci?ie a iueiio a aeeiai?oe? e?eoaaiiy, aeey
/iai canoiniaoaaeenue eai?ey?ineii?y i?aoueiaiai aaeeea ?V iaeueoey,
oieiaeiaa i?iaa, i?iaa ia ae?iniaci, inoeeeia?ao?y, ?aiaacia?ao?y,
iaeanoac?iiao??y, aeeiaiiiao??y, a a ?ac? iio?aae – oaieiaa/aiiy (A.I.
Iaeio/aiei, 1991; I.I. Iaeuei?eiaa, 1995). Iaia’yceiaee eiiieaen
ianoaaeaiiy aeeth/aa aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?th, ?aioaaiia?ao?th i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ee?oee, eiinoeueoaoe?? i?ioiaoieia?a: EI?-e?ea?y ? ieoe?noa.
Aea/aiiy oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee ? aioo??oiueina?oeaai? e?iaoeee
i?iaaaeeeinue ca aeiiiiiaith oeueo?acaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?oey
(aoiea?ae?ineii??) ca?aeii c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie eeane/ieie iaoiaeeeaie
ia aia?ao? “Yoineii YN-01” (Neaeae) (I.I. Iooa?eyiia, 1987), a oaeiae
ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a oao?aiiey?ii? a?oaeii? ?aia?ao?? ?c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiaeeee W. Kubicek (1970) a iiaeeo?eaoe?? TH.O. Iooea?y ? ni?aaaoi??a
(1977) ? ?ic?aooaaiiy oaeaeeino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ioeueniai? oaee?
(O?IO) no?aiia?ao?/iei iaoiaeii (O.N. Aeiia?aaeia, 1986). Ia?eoa?e/ia
aaiiaeeiai?ea aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo ?aia?ao??.

Aeacaia aaca aeaieo aoea ?iciiae?eaia ia a?oio ee?i?/iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy (405 oai?eo) ? a?oio niaoe?aeueiiai, iiaeeaeaiiai
ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueii-eaai-?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy c ianooiiei
iaaeeeaiaioiciei ao?o/aiiyi ? ioe?ieith eiai aoaeoeaiino? (222
iaoe??ioe).

I?ioeaioiee ai?no niaeo?eio, aeoeio ? a?eea nioae 3 a iaia?aiao
a?eo?i-oeeo?a anoaiiaethaaee iaoiaeii aeeneaeaeo?ioi?aca o
iie?ae??eai?aeiiio aae? (U.K. Laemmli, 1970) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? J.M. Walker
(1984); aa?’??i? aeanoeaino? iaia?ai a?eo?ioeeo?a aeine?aeaeoaaee
ca?aeii c aeaieie ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie ianeaiiai ? aeoeaiiai
o?ainii?ooaaiiy E+ (A.E. Eeoei e niaao., 1973); aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino?
ooai?aiiy a a?eo?ioeeoao iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo i?iaaaeeeinue
iaoiaeii K. Yagi (1976) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? I.N. Aii/a?aiei, A.I. Eaoeiiaie
(1985); aeoeai?noue aeooao?iiia?ieneaeace ? aeooao?ii?aaeoeoace ca
iaoiaeeeith A.I. Iiei (1986) ? A.C. Eaieeia e niaao. (1976) o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? Y.C. Awasthi et al. (1978). Ai?no i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai
ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a (iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo ? ae??iiaeo eii’thaao) o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aecia/aany niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii, ca iaoiaeeeith Z.
Placer (1968) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? I.A. Eieiniaa e niaao. (1988).
Oai?ethi?i?noeaioe?th ne?iaaoee e?ia? ?a?no?oaaee oai?ethi?iiiao?ii
AOEIOe1-01 (A.E. AEo?aaeaa, 1965). Oaeaee?noue iaeiie/aiiy 45Na2+ a
a?eo?ioeeoao aeine?aeaeoaaee ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei iaoiaeii (I.E. Iieoaeei
e niaao., 1988), eiioeaio?aoe?th caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th o ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao – iaoiaeii aoiiii-aani?aoe?eii?
niaeo?ioioiiao??? ia aia?ao? “Naoo?i” (Oe?a?ia) a aoeaoeeai-iia?o?yiiio
iieoi’? (A. I?aen, 1976). C iaoith io?eiaiiy aeaieo i?i noai iai?io
eaeueoe?th aeei?enoiaoaaeanue iaaaioaaeoaaeueia i?iaa ?c aaaaeaiiyi 10 %
?ic/eio NaNl2 (?c ?ic?aooieo 0,1 ie NaNl2 ia 1 ea iane o?ea oai?iai)
(A.A. Eieiieaoe, A.E. Ia?cii, 1985). Aea/aiiy ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio
oai?iao i?iaaaeeeinue iaoiaeii na?oeiai? i?e?ineii?? ia i?e?ineii? IA?
15-O ?c ianooiiith oioia?ao?/iith ?a?no?aoe??th ii?oieia?/ii? ea?oeie
e?ia?. Aecia/aiiy ie?aieo i?aaiiniaoeeo?/ieo oa?iaio?a o ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? aeeiioaaeinue ca aeiiiiiaith iai?aaaoiiaoe/iiai aiae?caoi?a
IO-AeI? “Labsystem” (O?ieyiae?y) ? niaeo?ioioiiao?a “Specord – M40”.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo i?iaaaeeeanue ia IAII “Pentium-200” ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeaoa i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai (Excel 5.0 i Statistica for
Windows release 4.3). A?any ?ic?aooiie na?aaei?o (I), iiieeee ?o
?ai?acaioaoeaiino? (m); i?e oeueiio a?aeiini? cia/aiiy (?) ae?aaeaeenue
o % ?c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iiieeee (m?). Aeinoia??i?noue ??cieoe?
ioe?ithaaeanue ca e?eoa???i t,2. Ca’ycie i?ae e?euee?nieie iieacieeaie
anoaiiaethaaany ia iniia? eiao?oe?aioa e?i?eii? ei?aeyoe?? (r)
(A.TH.TH?aao, 1975). Noaoenoe/iee iieaciee aaaaeaany aeinoia??iei
o ?ac? p 0,05). Oaeei /eiii, ? i?yiee ca’ycie i?ae
aioo??oiueiee?oeiiei iaeiie/aiiyi a a?eo?ioeeoao Na2+ ? ai?noii
i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i o/anoue
?ii?a eaeueoe?th a ii?ooaii? iaoaaie?cio e?iiia?aeen?a i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e
oai?ia?. ?ioaineo?eaoe?th i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a
i?aai?ci? oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao a?aeia?aaea? ?
a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?y ne?iaaoee e?ia?: anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
iniiaieo ?? iieaciee?a. Iniaeeai cia/oua ??cieoey io?eiaia a?aeiinii
na?aaeiueiai iaeneiaeueiiai niaeaoo ? a?aeiioaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai niaeaoo
aei i?i?iaeueiiai. Aeoeaaoe?y i?ioean?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a
i?e a?a?aoe?ei?e oai?ia?, i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo a a?iiaia?ai? a?eueieo
?aae?eae?a, ia?aeen?a, iineaaeth? aa?’??io ooieoe?th iaia?ai ee?oei ?
ca?eueoo? ?o i?iieei?noue aeey ??cieo ?a/iaei. O oai?eo a?aeaoaathoueny
aeinoia??i? ii?ooaiiy i?ioean?a oa?iaioaoeaiiai aiia-inoaco, ui
aeyaey?oueny o i?aeaeuaii? aeoeaiino? aaaaoueio oa?iaio?a ne?iaaoee
e?ia?: e?aaoeioinoie?iace (EOE), eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (EAeA),
ania?aa?iiai? o?ainai?iace (AnO), aeai?iiai? o?ainai?iace (AeO), eoaiai?
oinoaoace (EO), ( a?ae?ien?aoo??ao-aeaa?ae?iaaiace ( AAAeA) oiui.
Iaea?eueoa c?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? anoaiiaeaii aeey oa?iaio?a aoaeaaiaeiiai
iai?io (EAeA), ia?ea?iiai iaia?aiica’ycaiiai oa?iaioo (EO), EOE ? –
AAAeA, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?icaeoie ae?aaeaii? iaia?aiii? iaoieia?? c
aeenaaeainii ieenethaaeueii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieo i?ioean?a ?, a ia?oo
/a?ao – aoaeaaiaeiiai ? aee?iaiai iai?io. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?
?acoeueoaoaie ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue
na?aaeiuei? neee caeaaeiino? i?ae ??aiai aeoeaiino? oa?iaioo
aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io (EAeA) ? iieacieeaie a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe??
ne?iaaoee e?ia? (r= + 0,46; ? 0,05). Ae?iaia?iniacie aeieeaee o
2 (7,4 %) ianoaaeaieo, i?ioe 4 (11,8 %) (?>0,05) aei e?eoaaiiy.

A?aei?/aia oaeiae iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea ? a eai?ey?ineii?/i?e ea?oei?
i?aoueiaiai eiaea aei ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy. Ci?ia oa?aeoa?o
eai?ey?ineii?/ii? ea?oeie iaea i?noea o 9 (18,4 %) oai?eo. Iiceoeaiee
aoaeo caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? oa?ai?? aeyaeyany a ciaioaii? iciae niacio
a?oa??aeueiiai eie?ia eai?ey??a ia oii? neiioii?a oo?oaeiaiiy aaiiciiai
a?aeoieo.

I?ae aieeaii o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo iie?aueeeny ? ?aia?ao?/i?
iieacieee. Cia/ii ca?eueoeeanue caeaoi?noue a?oa??e aaeeeiai ?
na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o aei ?icoyaoaaiiy, i?i ui na?ae/eoue cieaeaiiy /ano
i?aeeiio ?aia?ao?/ii? oaee? (aeinoia??ii ce?aa). A?aei?/aii oaiaeaioe?th
aei i?aeaeuaiiy ioeueniaiai e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy, cieaeaiiy oiiona a?oa??e
ia?aaaaeii ae??aiiai ? na?aaeiueiai eae?a??a. Niinoa??aaeinue iineeaiiy
nei?ioeeai? caeaoiino? i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea ? niia?eueiaiiy
na?oeaaiai ?eoio – ea?ae?ioii?/iee aoaeo. Aeinoia??ii i?aeaeueeanue
o?aeoe?y aeeeaeo (oaii i?e?inoo 15,5 %), ? c’yaeeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei
ci?ie ?aooe iieaciee?a. O i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy caaaeueiii?eeiyoei
eiiieaenii ci?ieeenue ? iieacieee na?oeaaiai aeeeaeo. Iaei i?noea
iineeaiiy nei?ioeeai? caeaoiino? i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea, iniaeeai
a?aeiinii oaea?iiai ?iaeaeno (oaii i?e?inoo 14,6 %). A?aei?/aii
oaiaeaioe?th aei caeeaeaiiy iieaciee?a oaea?iiai ia’?io, oaea?iiai
?iaeaeno ?c aaee/eiaie, ye? i?eoaiaii? caei?iaei. Ciaioeeenue iieacieee
caaaeueiiai ia?eoa?e/iiai noaeeiiiai iii?o ? na?aaeiueiai a?oa??aeueiiai
oeneo.

Canoinoaaiiy aeacaiiai e?eoaaeueiiai iaoiaeo eeoa iacia/iith i??ith
ni?eyei iiiiaeaiith noaio niaeo?ei-aeoeiiaiai eiiieaeno. Ai?no niaeo?eio
o ii??aiyii? c eiai ??aiai aei e?eoaaiiy ca?eueoeany eeoa ia 7 %,
aeoeio – ia 17 %. I?aeoe/ii aac ci?ie caeeoeany ai?no a?eea nioae 3.
A?ae oa?aeoa?o e?eoaaiiy caeaaeaa ? noai ?iiiiai aiiainoaco
a?eo?ioeeo?a, iiiiaeaiiy eao?iiiiai aeenaaeaino ? noaa?e?caoe?y
no?oeoo?e iaia?aie. Caaaeaiee o?aaeeoe?eiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia
a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao noai?thaaa eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy c?ineiai
i?e caoai?thaaii? ??aiy o?ainii?ooaaiiy 86Rb+ o ee?oeie: oaeaee?noue
ianeaiiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy cieaeoaaeanue anueiai ia 10 %, aeoeaiiai – ia
15 %. I?aeoe/ii ia ci?ithaaeanue o oai?eo i?aeaeuaia ia ii/aoeo
e?eoaaiiy oaeaee?noue iaeiie/aiiy Na2+ a?eo?ioeeoaie.

Caaaeueiii?eeiyoee e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen iii?oii cieaeo? no?ee?noue
a?eo?ioeeo?a a oiiaao a?iioa?i?/iiai caa??aaiiy e?ia? oai?eo ia
a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao i?e 4 i N. Aei e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ( noaae??
caoai?thaaiiy i?ioeaio iaeiie/aiiy ia?aaeaaiie?oe/ieo oi?i a?eo?ioeeo?a
ca aeiao neeaa 4,0 %, a II – 5,0 %. I?ney canoinoaaiiy o?aaeeoe?eii?
iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? oe? iieacieee a?aeiia?aeii neeaee 7,1 % ? 10,0
% (i?ioe 3,5 % o caei?iaeo). O?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy nooo?ai ia aieeioei
ia cieaeaiiy ai?noo i?iaeoeo?a ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a
(iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo) a a?eo?ioeeoao, a oaeiae ? a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia?. E?eaa a?ioai?ethi?ianoeaioe?? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue iaa?oue a?eueo
aenieei, ai?ae aei e?eoaaiiy, i?aeeiiii iaeneiaeueiiai niaeaoo ?
a?eueoei ?iceeaeii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aaee/ei ana?aaeei? e?eai?.

Iniiaio a?oio neeaee oai??, yeei o eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy aeiaeaoeiai
aeeth/aeenue i?aia?aoe a?oie aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th. Oai?? aoee
?icae?eai? ia o?e i?aea?oie: A – o?, ui io?eioaaee i?oaaeei?i; A –
aa?aiai?e ? A – aeeeo?acai. I?aia?aoe i?ecia/aee o oae?e e?eueeino?:
i?oaaeei?i – 30 ia, aa?aiai?e – 120 ia ? aeeeo?acai – 180 ia ia aeiao.

O i?aea?oi? A aeine?aeaeaiiy caaa?oeee an? oai??, ca aeiyoeii iaeiiai,
yeiai aoei aeeeth/aii ?c aeine?aeaeaiiy /a?ac aieiaiee a?eue, ui
?icaeioany i?ney i?eeiio 30 ia i?oaaeei?io. Iiceoeaiee, ??ciith i??ith
ae?aaeaiee aoaeo a?aecia-/aee: aeia?? ?acoeueoaoe – 17 oai?eo (38,6 %),
caaeia?euei? – 18 (40,9 %) ? noii?ai? – 9 oai?eo (20,5 %).

On? oai?? o i?aea?oi? A caaa?oeee o?eoeaeiaaee eo?n oa?ai?? aa?aiai?eii.
O?eueee 7 oai?eo (17,1 %), ui io?eioaaee oeae i?aia?ao, ioe?ieee aoaeo
ye aeia?ee, 22 (53,7 %) a?aei?oeee caaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe, 11 (26,8 %)
– noii?ai?. O iaeiiai oai?iai aoaeoo e?eoaaiiy ia aoei.

Na?aae oai?eo, ye? io?eioaaee aeeeo?acai, 9 (21,4 %) ioe?ieee ?acoeueoao
ye aeia?ee, 23 (54,8 %) a?aecia/eee caaeia?euei? ?acoeueoaoe, 10 (23,8
%) – noii?ai?. O i?aea?oi? A iiceoeaiee ?acoeueoao e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aii
o 79,5 % (? ? ??Qs???AEr???????&? ?yyyy????Word?Microsoft Word?????????? CQ???u?????????????I???Courier New?I????-?????????uaey?????? ?en. 2 ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia a?a?aoe?eio oai?iao Noia?ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?aia?ao?a a?oie aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th neeaaeaea 85,9 %, i?e oeueiio i?oaaeei?io - 90,2 %, aeeeo?acaio - 87,1 % ? aa?aiai?eo - 80,4 %. Iaea?eueoa aoaeoeai?noue aioaaii?no?a eaeueoe?th a?aei?/aia a?aeiinii /anoioe ? ae?aciino? i?enooi?a iia?e?iiy iaeueoe?a (83,7 %), a?ae/oooy ii?i?iiy iaeueoe?a (98,1 %), a?ae/oooy iiacaiiy io?aoie (95,6 %), i?aeaeuaieo oeeo? a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo (96,9 %), aieae o ?oeao (64,0 %). O oie aea /an o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy iiceoeaii aieeaaei a?eueo i?ae ia iieiaeio oai?eo (63,1 %). Iaea?eueoa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue a?aei?/aia a?aeiinii ia?ceyeoaaoino? eenoae (79,4 %), i?enooi?a iia?e?iiy iaeueoe?a ?oe (77,0 %) ? aieae a ?oeao (74,3 %). Iniaeeai iii?oiei aoa aieea ia i?iyae oai?iae noi?niiai aaeeaaiiy i?oaaeei?io c oi?o?ieii. Oae, aie? a ?oeao cieeee o 1/3 oai?eo ? caa?aaeenue o 1/10, o oie /an, eiee i?e canoinoaaii? o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy, aiie caa??aaeenue o 1/4 oai?eo. I?oaaeei?i ni?eya iiaiiio cieeiaiith i?enooi?a iia?e?iiy iaeueoe?a o 4/5 oai?eo. I?e o?aaeeoe?eiiio e?eoaaii? naa?aaeaiiy i?enooi?a iia?e?iiy iaeueoe?a ?oe iaei i?noea o 23,0 % oai?eo, i?ney ae?? i?oaaeei?io - anueiai o 4,1 % oai?eo (?

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