?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

?EUe*AIEI

NA?OEAIA ?AAI?AIA

OAeE 612.017-1/.2-614.76)-053.4:622.341.2

EE?I?*I?, ?IOIIEIA?*I? OA OeEOIAAIAOE*I? Ae?AAIINOE*I?

E?EOA??? AeIIICIEIA?*IEO II?OOAIUe CAeI?IA’ss Ae?OAE C

IA?AAIOeAAI?OAeIIAI ?AA?IIO OE?A?IE

14.01.10 — iaae?ao??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
IIC Oe?a?ie.

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AeOEA EAOA?EIA AeIEO???AIA

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee aeeoy/eo oai?ia

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIAEUe*AIEI ETHAeIEEA ?AAI?AIA

?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, canooiiee
aee?aeoi?a ii iaoeia?e ?iaio?

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

EENssIEE IEEIEA ?AAIIAE*

?inoeooo iae?io??o?a?? AII Oe?a?ie

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie
(i. Ee?a), eaoaae?a iaae?ao??? ?4

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «22» /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee (Ae 26.553.01) ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeueiinoyie «Iaae?ao??y», «Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y» i?e ?inoeooo?
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (aae?ana: 252050, i.
Ee?a, aoe. Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «18» o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ________________      EAAOI?IA  E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue i?iaeaia ?inoo
aeieia?/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaii? iaoieia?? na?aae aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy
caeeoa?oueny a Oe?a?i? aino?ith. Ci?ie yeino? iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, caa?ica ii?ooaiiy naiii/enii? ooieoe?? a?inoa?e
noai?ththoue oiiae aeey ?oeioaaiiy aa?iii?eiiai ca’yceo aeeoy/iai
i?aai?cio c oeei na?aaeiaeuai (Eoe’yiiaa I.I.,1993; Iicaeaanueeee A.O.
oa ni?aaao., 1992; ?oeaa?oi?eiaa Ae.E. oa ni?aaao., 1993; Aiaiiac O.0.,
1996; O?ieia A.I., Ae?aii?e A.I., 1998; Aeoea E.Ae.,1998).

Ioaea, iniiaiei iai?yieii i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaaeeoeeie iiaeii? noaoe
aeiiicieia?/ia ae?aaiinoeea ia?aaeiaoieia?/ieo noai?a, neiae?iio
aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe?? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ?o
nai?/anii? ei?aeoe?? (Nai?aoa?e? ?.?.,1990; Noiyi ?.O. oa ni?aaao.,
1991; Aaeueoeuaa TH.?.,1996; Eia?einueeee A.I., 1996; Aeoea E.Ae.,1998,
Aea?ea/ia A.A. oa ni?aaao., 1998; Aa?aaeia I.I.,1998).

C?inoath/a iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aaeaioeai? iaoai?cie ae?oae ??ciiai a?eo
ni?ey? ?icaeoeo ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy, aeenaaeaino o
?aaoeyoi?ieo nenoaiao, ii?ooaiith aiiainoaco ia ??cieo ??aiyo i?aai?cio,
a oea i?aeaeuo? ?ecee aeieeiaiiy iaoieia?/ieo noai?a (Aaeueoeuaa
TH.?.,1994,1996; Eoo?iia A.I.,1994; Inioiaa A.I.,1996). Eiiieaenia
aea/aiiy noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae c ioe?ieith aeiiaoiaaiii? ae?? ia noai
?ioiii? nenoaie oa oeeoiaaiaoe/i? iieacieee, a ?aieao aeieia?/iiai
iii?oi?eiao ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?, a na?e /an i?iaiaeeeinue o aeayeeo
?aeiiao, ui ??ciyoueny ca oa?aeoa?ii aieeao caa?oaeithaa/?a (Aeeoaaa
I.I.,1992; Ieioi?eiaa A.?.,1994; O?ieia A.I., I?inueeee E.E.,1995;
O?aeaee?i ?.N.,1995; Aaneeue?aa O.E.. 1995).

Iaeiae, oae? ianoaaeaiiy na?aae ae?oae ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio, yeee
? oi?eaeueiei a Oe?a?i? ca aeiaaio?i?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ua ia
i?iaiaeeeenue. E??i oeueiai, a ?iaioao, ui i?enay/ai? aea/aiith aieeao
aeiiaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a ia noai caei?ia’y ae?oae, /ano?oa ?icaeyaeaany
oa?aeoa? ci?i c aieo iieaciee?a ?ioiii? nenoaie /e oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo
ii?ooaiue aac aecia/aiiy iaae? i?ae aaeaioeaiith ii?iith, iai?oaeaiiyi
aaeaioaoe?? /e ?? c?eaii. Aecia/aiiy /?oeeo e?eoa???a ia?ao?aeieo noai?a
c o?aooaaiiyi ?aa?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae oeeo iieaciee?a aeiiiiiaeooue
nai?/anii aeae?eeoe a?oie ?eceeo ae?oae, iaea?eueo /ooeeaeo aei
aeiiaoiaaiii? ae??, oa i?iaiicoaaoe ?icaeoie o ieo iaoieia?/ieo noai?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie inoaiiueiai aeanyoe??//y aecia/aia ?ieue ?ia?a?oi??a
i?ioa?iac o ?ioii?e a?aeiia?ae? (Aa?aia?iei E.I.oa ni?aaao., 1988;
Ii?caii E. a? a1., 1992; Aeaa?aae? I. a? a1., 1994), aea aieea
i?iieneiaeo caa?oaeiaiue ia noai oeeo a?ee?a o aca?iica’yceo c
oeeoiaaiaoe/ieie ii?ooaiiyie o ae?oae i?aeoe/ii ua ia aea/aany.

A e?oa?aoo?? iaia? /?oeiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? iiaeeeaeo
aeiee?i?/ieo ii?ooaiue oe??? eaiee.

Ana aeuaaeacaia coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ? iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, ?acoeueoaoe yei? i?eaiaeyoueny.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue o
?aieao aea?aeaaiiai iaaeeei-aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao «Iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua — caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy» o ni?aae?oaeiino? c? ni?a?ia?oieeaie
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeanii? nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? noaioe??.
Iai?yiie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe a?aeiia?aea? i?aceaeaionuee?e
iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?ia?ai? «Ae?oe Oe?a?ie». ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoai?
o noai?aii? nenoaie ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a
?ioaineaii-i?iieneiaeo ciiao, o ?aieao iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie
«Caoeno oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ?ioiii? nenoaie ae?oae a?ae aieeao aoiinoa?ieo
caa?oaeiaiue, aeeeeeaieo aeeeaeaie i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa oa
aaoio?ainii?oii nae?oaaii? ciie» (? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0194O002276).

Iaoa ?iaioe: anoaiiaeoe e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee ??aiy aaeaioaoe??
aeeoy/iai i?aai?cio aei iniaeeaeo oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, c
aecia/aiiyi iiaeo ia?ea??a aeiiicieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue caei?ia’y, aeey
nai?/anii? i?io?eaeoeee aeecaaeaioaoe?? oa aeicaeaaeii? iaoieia?? ia
i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ee?i?/ieo, ?ioiio?i?/ieo oa oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo
ia?aiao??a o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, ui
iaoeathoue a oi?eaeueieo oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a ?iaio? aoee aecia/ai? oae? caaea/?:

-aea/eoe ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/i? oa oaiioei?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?oae c ia?oi?
oa ae?oai? a?oi caei?ia’y, ui iaoeathoue a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ?aa?ii?;

-aeine?aeeoe noai ee?oeiii?, aoii?aeueii?, oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiie ?ioi?oaoo
oa ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac, c aecia/aiiyi na?aaeiuei?aa?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a
aeey aeaiiai a?eo oa oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?ioiia?aie, a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ??aiy aaeaioaoe??;

-aecia/eoe ?ioi?iaoeai? ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/i?, ?ioiio?i?/i? oa
oeeoiaaiaoe/i? ii?ooaiiy, ye? iiaeooue aooe ia?ea?aie iai?oaeaiiy aai
iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? aei ae?? ciai?oiueina?aaeiaeuieo oaeoi??a
i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao oa oi?ioaaii? a?oi ?eceeo ii
c?eao aaeaioaoe??;

-?ic?iaeoe noaie i?io?eaeoe/ieo eo?n?a aeey ei?aeoe?? aeenaaeaino
?ioi?oaoo, i?ioaac?ia?a?oi?ii? eaiee oa oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo ii?ooaiue ?c
canoinoaaiiyi aeinooiieo oa «i’yeeo» iaoiae?a, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio
aaeaioaoe?eii? ?aaeoe?? aeeoeie ia ae?th iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a
ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa aecia/aii ?aa?iiaeuei?
ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/i? oa oaiioei?/i? iniaeeaino? ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a
oi?eaeueieo oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie, aecia/aii
na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i? ?aa?iiaeuei? iieacieee ?ioiiiai noaoono ae?oae
aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, ui iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue o yeino?
?aa?iiaeueii? ii?ie. Anoaiiaeaia oeiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?icoe?aieo
?ioiia?ai o ae?oae aeaiiai ?aa?iio a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy aaeaioaoe??.

Aeyaeaii aeiiicieia?/i? ii?ooaiiy ?ioiieia?/iiai, i?ioaac?ia?a?oi?iiai
aaeain?a oa oeeoiaaiaoe/iiai aiiainoaco, ?o aca?iica’ycie c iaeiie/aiiyi
niieoe aaaeeeo iaoae?a o aeeoy/iio i?aai?ci?, ?, ia oe?i iniia?,
?ice?eo? ie?ai? eaiee iaoai?cio aeecaaeaioaoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy
i?aii?a?aeieo noai?a o ae?oae.

?ic?iaeai? aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-ae?aaiinoe/i? oaaeeoe? aeey ?ici?ciaaaiiy
ia?aaeiaoieia?/ieo noai?a o ae?oae ia i?aenoaa? ?nioaaiiy eiio?iooia
ia?ao?aeieo noai?a caei?ia’y aeeoeie.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia ei?aaoth/a ae?y a?oai?i?a oa aoi?iaoo iao??th i?e
i?aeaeuaii? ??aiy ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac e?ia? o ae?oae a oiiaao ?oeioth/i?
oa ?iaeoeaoth/i? ae?? aeioieneeaio?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aecia/ai? iniiai? oaeoi?e ?eceeo, ui
aieeaathoue ia ii?ooaiiy aaeaioaoe?? aeeoy/iai i?aai?cio aei oiia
ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio, ui aeicaiey? aeae?eyoe a?oie i?aeaeuaiiai
?eceeo ii ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe?? oa oi?ioaaiiy
i?aii?a?aeieo noai?a na?aae ae?oae ia?oi? oa ae?oai? a?oi caei?ia’y.

Cai?iiiiiaai? ?aa?iiaeuei? ii?iaoeae ?ioiia?ai iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
aeey ioe?iee noaio ?ioi?oaoo o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo.

?ic?iaeai? ae?aaiinoe/ii-aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? oaaeeoe? aeey aecia/aiiy
iai?oaeaiiy oa iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe??, ui aeicaiey? i?aeoeeoth/ei
iaae?ao?ai i?iaiaeeoe oe?eueiaee a?aea?? ae?oae aeey iiaeeaeaiiai
ianoaaeaiiy oa iaeneiaeueii cieceoe e?euee?noue oeo, ooi iio?aao?
?ioiieia?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii? ?ioiiaeieia?/ieo
iii?oi?eia?a, nai?/anii ae?aaiinooaaoe i?aii?a?aei? noaie.

Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno a?oai?i?a oa i?e?iaeiiai
aaeaioiaaio aoi?iaoo iao??th i?e iai?oaeaii? i?ioaac?ia?a?oi?ii? eaiee a
i?aai?ci? aeeoeie. Nai?/ania i?ecia/aiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo eo?n?a, ?c
aeeth/aiiyi oeeo i?aia?ao?a, aeiiiiiaa? oieeiooe aeaeiiiainaoe?eii?
aeoeaaoe?? i?ioaie?co, ye iaei??? c iiaeeeaeo i?e/ei a?iio?aeueii?
iano?oeoe??, ? cieceoe ?? /anoioo o ae?oae ?c cii i?aeaeuaiiai aieeao
enaiia?ioee?a.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe a i?aeoeeo.I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe aeeoy/eo
aeioe?eueieo caeeaae?a oa aeeoy/eo iie?ee?i?e a i?noao: I?aeaeii?e?aeca,
Ia?aaiaoeue, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Aeiiaoeuee, Oa?nii, E?aiai/oa.
Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeeth/ai? a oeeee
eaeoe?e c aeiiaae?ao??? aeey nooaeaio?a Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi i?iaaaeaii: ?ic?iaeo
iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiai?/iee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? aeeoy/iai
ianaeaiiy a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ?aa?ii? ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a, ioe?ieo
o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo, noaio caei?ia’y ae?oae, ioe?ieo ?ioiieia?/iiai
noaoono, noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo aeaieo, ?ic?iaeo e?eoa???a ae?aaiinoeee
??ai?a aaeaioaoe?? oa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?io?eaeoe/ieo eo?n?a aeey ae?oae c
ii?ooaiiyi aaeaioaoe??, i?aai?ciaaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo aaaeeeo
iaoae?a a a?ieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeuao i?aai?cio oa oeeoiaaiaoe/ia
ianoaaeaiiy.

Niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii a ni?aae?oaeiino? c?
ni?a?ia?oieeaie oieneeieia?/ii? eaai?aoi??? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? iaeanii?
naiai?aenoaioe??, ?aae?i?ioii? — a a?io?i?/i?e eaai?aoi???
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo, oeeoiaaiaoe/i? — a ?inoeooo? i?iaeai
i?e?iaeiaeei?enoaiiy oa aeieia?? AIO; aeiey iniaenoi? o/ano? aeena?oaioa
a aeeiiaii? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeoue 75%.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaaiai?aii ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee aeeoy/eo oai?ia AeAeIA (1996-1998),
eiioa?aioe?? iaae?ao??a Oe?a?ie «Iaae?ao??y ia ?oaaae? XX oa XXI
noi??/»(1996). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee iia?aeiieai? ia 1-io
I?aeia?iaeiiio iaaee/iiio eiia?an? nooaeaio?a oa iieiaeeo a/aieo
(I.Oa?iii?eue, 1997), 4-e I?aeia?iaei?e Eiioa?aioe?? «O?aioe?y oa
Oe?a?ia, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?», 1 -io Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? Oe?a?ie c ?ioiieia??,
aea?aieia?? oa ?ioii?aaa?e?oaoe?? (i.Aeoooa,1998), I?aeia?iaeiiio
Aeineiiic?oi? «I?ia?aia aeaeeaaiiy a oiiaao oaoiiaaiiiai i?an?iao»
(I.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 7
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao, c ieo 4 — a aeo?iaeao, 1 — a ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, 2 — a iaoa??aeao ? oacao iaoeiaeo eiia?an?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 5 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoeo.

?iaioo aeeeaaeaii oe?a?inueeith iiaith ia 155 a?eooao ae?oeiaaiiai
oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaii 20 oaaeeoeyie, 15 iaethieaie ? aeiaeaoeii, ui
caeiathoue 12 noi??iie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 285 iaeiaioaaiue, c ieo 79-?iicaiieo aaoi??a, ye? caeiathoue CI
noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. C iaoith aecia/aiiy caaaeueiiai
noaiiaeua, uiaei caei?ia’y aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio
?aa?ii?, i?iaiae?ciaaii aeeoy/o caoai?thaai?noue a aeeiai?oe? ca inoaii?
10 ?ie?a, a oaeiae a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie i?iieneiaeie oa a?aeiinii
«/enoith» ciiaie.

A oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio i?iaaaeaia ianiaa ianoaaeaiiy
ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo (683 aeeoeie) ?c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo
ne?ei?ia-ea?o; aieao aeey aaouee?a, ?noi??e ?icaeoeo aeeoeie (oi?ia
112-o).

I?ney noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aeae?eaia a?oia ?c 166 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo
ae?oae, o yeeo i?iaaaeaii aeieeaaeia aea/aiiy aiae?oe/ieo aeaieo,
ia’?eoeaiee iaeyae i?aai?a oa nenoai, ui o?enoaaee a ee?i?/ieo ea?oao
ianoaaeaiiy. An?i ae?oyi i?iaaaeaii ianoaaeaiiy ooieoe?e ciai?oiueiai
aeeoaiiy c aecia/aiiyi i?eiai? oaeaeeino? aeaeeoo,
aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?/ia ianoaaeaiiy, a oaeiae ioe?iea aaaaoaoeaiiai
noaoono oa aaeaioaoe?eieo ci?i ?aaoeyoe?? na?oeaaiai ?eoio ca
aeiiiiiaith ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao??.

Ia?aiao?e i?e?iaeaiaioiiai neeaaeo aieinny aecia/aeenue iaoiaeii
aoiiii-aani?aoe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao??? i?ia.

Ioe?iea ?ioiiiai noaoono ae?oae i?iaiaeeeanue ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo
?icoe?aii? ?ioiia?aie (E.A.Eaaaae?a, ?.Ae.Iiiye?ia, 1990), yea
aeeth/aea: caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia?, oa?aeoa?enoeeo ee?oeiii?,
aoii?aeueii? oa oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiie ?ioi?oaoo, a oaeiae aioei?ioaacii?
eaiee c aecia/aiiyi ??aiy ne?iaaoeiaiai a-1-?ia?a?oi?o i?ioaac (a-1-?I)
oa eiai aeoeaiino?.

Ioe?ithaaany ? i?noeaaee ?ioi?oao c aecia/aiiyi ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a oa
a-1-AI o neei?. Aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy a?ee?a o e?ia? oa neei?
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae ?aeaoiiai ?ioiiaeaeo?ioi?aco. Ai?iaiaaii ?
aeei?enoaiiy ?aioaaiie?aiiai ne?ei?ia-iaoiaeo aeey i???ioiaii? ioe?iee
??aiy a-1-?I (7aoa5,1966), iiaeeo?eaoe?y yeiai cai?iiiiiaaia
A.N.I?ineo?ith (1995). Aecia/aiiy aeoeaiino? a-1-?I i?iaiaeeeanue
iaoiaeii A.?.IaoaaUeae (1962) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? A.A.Oaoa?ieeiaa (1966).

Oeeoiaaiaoe/ia oanooaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith i?e?iyaea?iiai oanoo
o niiaoe/ieo ee?oeiao e?ia? oa neeciai? iaieiiee ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie,
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai aeey ioe?iee iooaaaiiiai aieeao aeioieneeaio?a ia
i?aai?ci ethaeeie (?eue?inueeeo I.I., 1988, A?oothiyi ?.I. oa
ni?aaao.,1988; Aeeoaaa I.I.,1992; Aa?eeye?.?.,1994).

I?e e?euee?ni?e ia?iaoe? iaoa??ae?a aeei?enoiaoaaee caaaeueiii?eeiyo?
iaoiaee aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee. Aeey ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
?ioiii? nenoaie oa ?aiaee?oaaiiy ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
aeei?enoiaoaaee iao?e/iee aiae?c ca N.I. Ceao?aei oa ?.Ae.Aeeieo?iaei
(1991).Aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiue i?iaiicoaaiiy canoiniaoaaeanue oai?aia
Aae?na oa iine?aeiaiee aiae?c Aaeueaea c o?aooaaiiyi ?ioi?iaoeaiino?
iciae, iaea?aeaii? i?e ?ic?aooieo i??e Eoeueaaea
(?.A.Aoaea?,1990).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Aiae?c oa?eoi??aeueieo
iniaeeainoae ?iciiae?eo aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ii a?oiao caei?ia’y a
aeieia?/ii iaaeaaiiieo/iiio I?eaei?i?ia’? iieacaa, ui ia?aaioeaai?oaeiee
?aa?ii a?aeiineoueny aei iaeiiai c iaea?eueo iaei/enaeueieo ca
iayai?noth ae?oae ? a?oie caei?ia’y (<30%). Aeeoy/a caoai?thaai?noue a aeaiiio ?aa?ii? aeua ca na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i? iieacieee ii Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaeano? oa a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiinii "/enoei" ?aeiiii. Ianaiia?aae, oea noino?oueny caoai?thaaiue nenoaie e?ia?, ia?aiai? nenoaie, e?noeiai-i'yciai? nenoaie (?ao?o, ?ao?oiiiae?ai? ci?ie neaeaoo, ii?ooaiiy iinoaae, neie?ice, ea???n), a?iaeaeaieo aiiiae?e ?icaeoeo ( a oiio /ene? c aieo e?noeiai? nenoaie), a?ia?ieac?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice, aea?aiiaoieia??. Iaeaea iieiaeia c ianoaaeaieo ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ?aa?ii?, (53%), ia?iaeeeenue a?ae aaa?oieo, ye? iathoue o?ii?/i? caoai?thaaiiy (a oiio /ene? ? i?ioan?ei?), 46,5% - a?ae oneeaaeiaieo aaa?oiinoae oa iieia?a, ui a??ia?aeii ia?aaeuo? oe? iieacieee o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy (?<0,01). Aaea a aioaiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? ae?thoue oaeoi?e, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia c??e?noue aaaaoueio ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai ieiaeo, a i?ci?oa ? ia aaeaioaoe?ei? ?aaeoe?? aeeoeie aei ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua. I?aeaeuaia iaeiie/aiiy a i?aai?ci? aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ia?aaaaeii ia?aaioeth, ia oii? iai?oaeaiiy nenoai aeaoieneeaoe??, iiaea ?icoe?ithaaoenue, ye iciaea aeecaaeaioaoe?? aeeoy/iai i?aai?cio aei eiie?aoieo aeiaaio?i?/ieo oiia ?aa?iio. I?e ianoaaeaii? iaoo oaaao i?eaa?ioea aaeeea e?euee?noue ae?oae c aeenaa?iii?eiei o?ce/iei ?icaeoeii (53%), ui cia/ii aeua i?ae o ?aeii? ii??aiyiiy (?<0,05). Ne?ae aecia/eoe, ui i?aeoe/ii a eiaeii? o?aouei? aeeoeie iaee i?noea ii?ooaiiy c aieo iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (aeaoi?iaoe?? a?oaeii? ee?oee ca ?aooiie aiiiae?? ?icaeoeo a?oaeieie, ?icoe?aiiy ieaeiuei? aia?oo?e ee?oee, ii?ooaiiy iinoaae, aee?eaeaiiy o?aaoa, ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, i'yciaa aeenoii?y, ca?eueoaiiy ia'?io ?ooiiino? noaeia?a), a oea a??ia?aeii aeua (?<0,05) ca oae? ae iieacieee ia o?eueee a a?aeiinii /enoiio ?aeii?, a iaa?oue ? a aeayeeo ?ioaineaii-i?iieneiaeo ?aeiiao, iai?eeeaae c ia?aaaaeiei aieeaii o?i?/ii? oa iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iieneiaino?. Iaei??th c i?e/ei aeniei? /anoioe noaoe/ieo ii?ooaiue c aieo iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo o ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a oiiaao ae?? i?aeaeuaieo eiioeaio?aoe?e niieoe aaaeeeo iaoae?a, iiaea aooe a?iiooieoe?y ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a iaaooeo ooeiaeaeaiue e?noie - ia?aianaiee ?ao?o (A.E.Aiae??aiiaa, I.A.Aeoa?i?ia oa ni?aaao.,1994). Eiia??ii, ui o iaoiio aeiaaeeo naia noaee?i?/iee iaiaaiic i?aeaeuo? /anoioo ooeiaeaeaiue neaeaoo ae?oae (I.Coaiaaii, 1985), iiaea aaciina?aaeiuei cai?iyoe iaai?e oa eaeueoe?e a e?noeao, aeoea?coaaoe eoaeio e?noeiao oinoioaco. Ii-ae?oaa, a?i ca'yco? oinoi?, ooai?thth/e niieo/aiiy IiI?04, ui ia aniieoo?oueny o eeoeao, a oea i?eaiaeeoue aei a?iioinoaoai??. Ii-o?ao?, ye ? ?io? aaaee? iaoaee, a?i i?eai?/o? ooai?aiiy aeoeaieo iaoaaie?o?a a?oai?io Ae oeyoii aaciina?aaeiuei? ae?? ia ee?oeie ia/?iee ? ie?ie oa aeieoaaiiy aeoeaieo a?ee?a (oa?iaio?a) a oeeo i?aaiao - i?oaiyo. Ana oea, eiia??ii, ? i?eaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy i?ia?ae?caoe?? e?noie c iiaeaeueoith ?o aeaoi?iaoe??th i?e o?ii?/iiio iaaeoiaeaeaii? oeueiai aeaiaioo aei aeeoy/iai i?aai?cio. I'yciaa aeenoii?y, eiia??ii, aeieea? ?c-ca ?iciianthaeaeaiiy na?aae ianoaaeaieo ae?oae anoaii-aaaaoaoeaiiai oa aiai?/iiai neiae?ii?a. Oiene/ia ae?y ia?aaioeth ia aaiaoioeeoe, i?eaiiaeaiiy o?ainai?iac ca?eueoo? eiai aeniiceoe?th a i?aai?ci? ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aene?aoi?ii? oa aeac?ioieneeaoe?eii? ooieoe?? ia/?iee, ni?ey? iaeiie/aiith a a?ina?aaeiaeuao, cie?aia a e?noeao, coai?e aiae?. Iaoa i?eiouaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny anoaiiaeaieie i?yieie ei?aeyoe?eieie ca'yceaie i?ae ii?ooaiiyie iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo oa ??aiai iaeiie/aiiy ia?aaioeth o aieinn? ae?oae (a=0,41), a?ia?ieac??th ueoiaeaeii? caeice (a=0,57). Aei oiai ae, iae/ano?oa aeaoi?iaoe?y neaeaoo a?aecia/aeanue o ae?oae, a aiaiiac? yeeo aoee cae?ciaeao?oeeoi? aiai??. Oeueiio iiaeia iaeoe iiyniaiiy, iie?ath/enue ia oa, ui aiai?/i? noaie ni?eythoue aniieooaaiith ia?aaioeth o eeoa/ieeo (Eaoii?ia a? a1., 1994; 5a?thUe V. A? a1., 1996; O?aooaiaa?a ?.I. oa ni?aaao.,1994). A?aoiaoth/e io?eiai? iaie aeai?, a oaeiae aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i o/anoue ia?aaioeth a a?io?i?/ieo i?ioeanao oa eiai oiene/iee aieea i?e o?ii?/iiio iaaeoiaeaeaii?, iaie i?eaaaeaia noaia iiaeeeaeo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo oeyo?a oi?ioaaiiy ii?ooaiue iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo o ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aeiieeai aeiaiaeyoue aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie ? iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?? aea/aiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi ii?oieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a oa o?niiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa c i?oiiaaee/iith neoaeaith ?aa?iio. I?i iani?eyoeeaee oii aeine?aeii? oa?eoi??? na?ae/eoue ?, aeyaeaia iaie, a?aeiinii aeniea e?euee?noue ae?oae, ui iathoue i'youe oa a?eueoa aeecaia??iaaiaoe/ieo noeai oa a?ia?ieac?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?-?? nooiai?a. I?e ianoaaeaii? ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio aeyaeaii, a iniiaiiio, ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?iceaaee o aeaeyae?: nenoie?/iiai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ooio ; oao?ea?ae??, cieaeaiiy ioeueniaiai oeneo, i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioo e?iaiia?ao, aaeaioeaieo ci?i ia AEA; oeaio?ae?caoe?? i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy na?oeaaei ?eoiii, ca aeaieie E?A, ia?aaaaeii /a?ac ia?aiaee oeyo; cieaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? ye aaeeoo, oae ? aeaeeoo. A?aoiaoth/e iniaeeaino? ?aa?iio oa a?aenooi?noue aei oaia??oiueiai /ano ?aa?iiaeueieo na?aaeiueiii?iaoeaieo iieaciee?a ioe?iee ?ioiiiai noaoono aeey ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, iaie aoa i?iaaaeaiee ?ioiieia?/iee iii?oi?eia na?aae ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ?aa?ii?. Aiae?c iieacaa: iai?oaeaiiy i?noeaaiai ?ioi?oaoo o aeaeyae? i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? nae?aoi?iiai ?ioiiaeiaoe?ia A a neei?, i?eai?/aiiy ee?oeiii? eaiee o aeaeyae? eaeei- oa e?ioiiai??, cieaeaiiy /anoee ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeaieo O-ee?oei, ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaaeeoa?aioe?eiaaieo e?ioioeeo?a, iiyae noaiiioeyoe?eiiai aeenaaeaino na?aae ?ioiioeeo?a. Ia oe? aeai?an?? O-ee?oeiii? eaiee eiiiainaoi?ia i?aeaeuaia aeoeai?noue oaaioeeoa?ii? oa aoii?aeueii? eaiie ?ioi?oaoo. Ioaea, ca eeaneo?eaoe??th ?.A.Iao?iaa oa ni?aaao.(1992), ?ioiia?aia ianoaaeaii? aeeoy/i? noaiiioeyoe?? a ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ?aa?ii? iiaea aooe a?aeianaia aei ci?oaiiai oeio c noi?an??th ee?oeiii? oa aeoeaaoe??th aoii?aeueii? ? oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiie. Cia/ia i?noea a ?iaio? a?aeaaaeaii aea/aiith noaio nenoaie ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac, a naia a-1- ?ia?a?oi?o i?ioaac, yeee ia? oe?ieee niaeo? ?ia?a?oi?ii? aeoeaiino?. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aaei?e ??aaiue eiai o e?ia? ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio ii??aith?oueny 4,931±0,207 a/e. Oea a??ia?aeii aeua i?ae o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy (2,90710,216 a/e, ?<0,001) oa ca e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie (2,25±0,25a/e). Ia i?aenoaa? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo i?i ?oeioth/o oa ?iaeoeaoth/o ae?th i?iieneiaeo oieneeaio?a ia ?ia?a?oi?e i?ioaie?co, no/anieo iiaeyae?a ia "aino?ioacia?" a?eee, ye eiiiiiaioe ?icoe?aii? ?ioiia?aie, oa ?o aaciina?aaeith ?ieue o ?ioii?e I?ineo?a A.N.,1995), a oaeiae ia i?aenoaa? aeanieo aeaieo, o ?iaio? ie iaaaee noaio iiaeeeaeo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo aeenaaeaino a nenoaiao ?ioi?oaoo oa ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac, i?ae aieeaii aeioieneeaio?a, a?ae iai?oaeaiiy eiiiainaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a aei ?o aeniaaeaiiy (?en.1). Oey noaia iiaea aeiiiaieoe no/anio oai??th iaoiaaiaco a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio, a ye?e aeniaaeaiith aioei?ioaacii? eaiee oa aeoeaaoe?? i?ioaie?co a?aeaiaeeoueny i?ia?aeia i?noea (Oaaeina?a A.A., 1995; Eaoa? O. 1993), a oaeiae aeanoue iiaeeea?noue canoiniaoaaoe iaoiaaiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco ia oeueiio ??ai? o ae?oae, ui iathoue ?ecee ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe??. Ne?ae aeacaoe ia oa, ui 11% ae?oae iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy ??aiy a-1-?O a ii??aiyii? c na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/iei iieacieeii o aeai?e a?oi? ( ?< 0,05), ui iiaea na?ae/eoe i?i aeniaaeaiiy eiiiainaoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a oa iiaeeea?noue c?eao a nenoai? aaeaioaoe?? ia oeueiio ??ai?. A ca'yceo c ?ioiia?ieia?/iith iaiaeii??aei?noth aeeoy/i? iiioeyoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueia “aa?o?noue” aaeaioaoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie aeeoeie, i?ae aieeaii aeiiaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a, iaiaeiicia/ia. Aeey ioe?iee ??aiy aaeaioaoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie, o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae, iaie aoa aeei?enoaiee iao?e/iee iaoiae, aeicaieyth/ee ioe?ithaaoe ?ioiio ?aaeoeai?noue ye neeaaeio noeoii?noue aca?iiiia'ycaieo ? caeaaeieo i?ae niaith eiiiiiaio?a ? aoaeoi?ieo eaiie. Aiae?c ?ioiieo ii?iiaaieo iieaciee?a o i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae iieacaa ae?aaeaio aa??aaaeuei?noue ?o a?aeoeeaiue ca iaae? aeia??/eo a?aieoeue. Ianoaaeai? ae?oe aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia 3 a?oie ii ??aith aaeaioaoe?? : ia?oa - ae?oe c caaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th ?ioiii? nenoaie, ae?oaa - ae?oe c iai?oaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe??, o?aoy -ae?oe c iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th. E?eoa??yie ?iciiae?eo ae?oae ii a?oiao aoee aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a a?aeoeeaiue iieaciee?a a?ae ii?iaeueieo cia/aiue aeey eiaeiiai ia?aiao?a (I?), a oaeiae ?iaeaen?a na?aaei?o a?eoiaoe/ieo ii?iiaaieo iieaciee?a, ye eiaeii? ?c eaiie ?ioi?oaoo (I?o, I?E, I?A), oae ? na?aaeiueiai ?iaeaeno (I 2 ). A a?aenioeiaiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? ?iciiae?e ae?oae ii a?oiao aoa ne?aeoth/ei : ? a?oia-58,2%, II a?oia-21,7%, III a?oia -16,4%. O /ioe?ueio ae?oae niinoa??aaee I2>|±1,0|, ui ?icoe?ithaaeinue iaie ye
c?ea eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a ?ioiii? nenoaie. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
aiae?co iai/ii a?aeia?aaeai? ia ?enoieo 2. A a?oi? ae?oae ?c
caaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th ?ioiii? nenoaie na?aaei? ii?iiaai?
iieacieee ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? ii?iaeueiiai a?aeoeeaiiy ?
iaaeeaeathoueny aei ioeueiaiai cia/aiiy, ui oa?aeoa?eco? iayai?noue
aeinoaoiueiai aaeaioeaiiai iioaioe?aeo.

A a?oi? ae?oae c iai?oaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?? cono??/athoueny “ci?iai?”
(>|±0,6|) na?aaei? ii?iiaai? a?aeoeeaiiy aeey iieaciee?a oaaioeeoa?ii?
aeoeaiino?, e?eueeino? aaaaoi?aoeaioi?ieo ?icaoeiooai?thth/eo ee?oei, a
oaeiae aoii?aeueii? eaiee (?en.2). Aoii?aeueia eaiea iai?oaeaia ca
?aooiie aenieeo iiceoeaieo eiao?oe??io?a a?aeoeeaiue c aieo ?§ I, I, A.

O a?oi? ae?oae c iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th a?eueoa iieiaeie
ia/eneaieo na?aaei?o iieaciee?a iathoue “ci?iai?” aai
“iaoieia?/i?”(>±[1,0| ) cia/aiiy (?en.3). Caeeoathoueny iai?oaeaieie
oaaioeeoa?ia ? ee?oeiia eaiee. Ii?iiaai? iieacieee caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
?icaoeiooai?thth/eo ee?oei, /anoee iaei?aoeaioi?ieo ee?oei aeoaea aenie?
(I?>1,0).I?i oaiaeaioe?th aei aeaeiiiainaoe?? aoii?aeueii?eaiee
na?ae/aoue aenie? a?aeoeeaiiy an?o ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a c? ci?iith ?iaeaeno
I?A, ui iaaeeaea?oueny aei “iaoieia?/iiai” cia/aiiy.

Oe?eaaa aeeiai?ea na?aaei?o ii?iiaaieo iieaciee?a ??aiy aeueoa-
1-?ia?a?oi?a i?ioaac o e?ia? ae?oae c ??ciei ??aiai ?ioiieia?/ii?
?aaeoeaiino? (?en.2). A ia?o?e 11 a?oi? a?i iiceoeaiee ? na?ae/eoue i?i
iai?oaeaiiy aeaii? eaiee, o ae?oa?e -cieaeo?oueny aei ii?iaeueiiai, aea
c a?ae’?iiei ciaeii, a a?oi? c iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th
a?aei?/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei eiai aeniaaeaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iao?e/iee aiae?c, i?ei?iaiee aeey eiiieaenii? ioe?iee noaio
iniiaieo eaiie ?ioiii? nenoaie o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae, aeicaieea
?iciiae?eyoe ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee ia ii?iaeuei?, ci?iai? oa
iaoieia?/i?, a oaeiae aeaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe iai?yiie ci?i a
eiaei?e eaioe? ?ioi?oaoo oa ioe?ithaaoe caaaeueio ?aaeoeai?noue.

??aaiue iooaoe?e a i?aai?ci? ethaeeie caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioaa?aeueii?
aca?iiae?? nenoai, ui eiio?ieththoue iaoai?cie iooaaaiaco oa
aioeiooaaaiaco. Ia aoaeoeai?noue ae?? ??cieo iooaaaiieo /eiiee?a
aaiaoe/ii? oa iaaaiaoe/ii? i?e?iaee a cia/i?e i??? aieeaa? noai ?ioiii?
nenoaie (?eue?inueeeo I.I. oa ni?aaao., 1988). I?iaaaeaia iaie
oeeoiaaiaoe/ia oanooaaiiy na?aae ae?oae c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio ca
aeiiiiiaith i?e?iyaea?iiai oanoo, yeee ? aeinooiiei oa ?ioi?iaoeaiei i?e
ne?ei?iaiaeo ianoaaeaiiyo, aeicaieeei aecia/eoe, ui /anoioa
cono??/a?iino? ni-

iaoe/ieo ee?oei c oeeoiaaiaoe/ieie aiiiae?yie o oeeo ae?oae cia/ii aeua
i?ae o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy (0,07010,008 i?ioe 0,012±0,009, ?<0,001), ui iiaea aooe iia'ycaii c iooaaaiiith ae??th /eiiee?a oi?eaeueiiai ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua ? ni?aiaaea? c ?acoeueoaoaie a?ieia?a, ui aea/aee ?ineeii? oano-nenoaie a aeaiiio ?aa?ii?. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo aoei c?iaeaia ia/eneaiiy oiiaieo iieac- iee?a iioeiaeaeoaaiino? oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo no?oeoo? ca i?e?iyaea?iei oanoii (OIIiy) o ae?oae, i?iaeeaath/eo ia oa?eoi??? aeaio i?no, ui oanooaaeeny. Aeey iaaeaiiy ioe?iee OIIiy aeei?enoaee ioe?ii/io oeaeo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueoee ?ecee aei ?icaeoeo aeenaaeaino a nenoai? iooaaaiac aioeiooaaaiac o a?e ia?aaaae iooaaaiaco iathoue ae?oe c a?ia?ieac??th ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?-?? nooiaiy, c iayai?noth a?eueoa 5 aeecaia??iaaiaoe/ieo i?e?iaiiiae?e. Aecia/aiee a??ia?aeiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie i?ae cia/aiiyi OIIiy ? ai?noii o aieinn? naeioeth, oeeieo, ia?aaioeth. Ia i?aenoaa? aecia/aieo ei?aeyoe?eieo ca'yce?a, anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aeoeai?noue iooaaaiaco aieeaa?, ye cieaeaiiy niaoeeo?/ii? aeoeaiino? e?ioioeeo?a c ii?ooaiiyi ?ioiieia?/iiai eiio?ieth ? a/anii? ae?i?iaoe?? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei c oeeoiaaiaoe/ieie i?e?iaiiiae?yie, oae ? aaciina?aaeiy iooaaaiia ae?y aeiiaoiaaiieo /eiiee?a ia ee?oeie e?ia?, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aioo??oiueiee?oeiiiai aeenaaeaino ?c cieaeaiiyi i??e aeeoa?aioe?thaaiiy oa ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ?ioiioeeo?a. I?eeiyooy eiia??iino? ?nioaaiiy oaeiai "ii?i/iiai eiea" aeiiiiiaea i?aeoiaeeoe aei ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco a nenoai? iooaaaiac-aioeiooaaaiac o ae?oae, ui iaoeathoue a iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao, c iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iiceoe?e. Anoaiiaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy a e?ia? o ae?oae e?eueeino? aiceiio?e?a oa iiiioeeo?a, ia oe? e?ioiiai??, ? eiiiainaoi?iei iaoai?ciii aeey ca?eueoaiiy ae?i?iaoe?? ee?oei c i?e?iyae?aie, o yeeo, ca aeaieie N.I.Eiethaa?ai? oa ni?aaao. (1986), ci?iththoueny aioeaaii? aeanoiaino? iaia?ai. ?icaeyae ieoaiue i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy aaeaioaoe?? aeeoeie aei oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aeicaiey?, c iaaiith /anoeith a??ia?aeiino?, ia?aaeaa/aoe ?ecee ?icaeoeo aeiaeaoa?i?iiaaii? iaoieia?? ia aoaiao ia?ao?aeieo noai?a (iai?oaeaiiy aaeaioaoe??, iacaaeia?eueia aaeaioaoe?y). Aeey ?ic?iaee ae?aaiinoe/ieo oaaeeoeue, i?ae caaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th oa ?? iai?oaeaiiyi, a oaeiae i?ae iai?oaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?? oa iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th, aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii a?eueoa 100 ee?i?ei-aiaiianoe/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo iciae oa aecia/ai? iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeai?. Oae, i?e ?ici?ciaaaii? caaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? oa ?? iai?oaeaiiy iaea?eueo aieeaiaeie aiaiianoe/ieie aeaieie ?: iayai?noue i?ioan?eii? oe?aeeeaino? o iaoa?? aei oa i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, iaoyaeeea? ia?eiaoaeueiee oa aea?aieia?/iee aiaiiace, ianeaia iae?iiy, aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy /ano?oa 5 ?ac?a ia ??e. ?c ee?i?/ieo iciae iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie aeyaeeenue a?ia?ieac?y e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a oa nooi?iue ?o ou?eueiaiiy, a oaeiae a?ia?ieac?y ieaaeaeee?a, oa aeenaa?iii?eiee o?ce/iee ?icaeoie. Ca aeaieie AEA oa E?A: aeo?aeiee aaaaoaoeaiee oiion (aeoii?y oa aaaioii?y na?ae/aoue ia ei?enoue caaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe??, a neiiaoeeioii?y - ia ei?enoue iai?oaeaiiy aaeaioaoe??"), neioniaa oao?ea?ae?y oa aeeniaoaaie?/i? ii?ooaiiy a i?iea?ae?. Na?aae ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a: oaaioeeoa?ia aeoeai?noue iae?ioaa?a, a?aeiinia e?euee?noue ioeueiaeo e?ioioeeo?a, cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno I?E, oa?aeoa?ecoth/a anth ee?oeiio eaieo, cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno I?A, oa?aeoa?ecoth/a aoii?aeueio eaieo. I?e ?ici?ciaaaii? iai?oaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?? na?aae aiaiianoe/ieo iciae iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie a aeaiiio i?iaiic? ?: iayai?noue i?iooe?aeeeainoae o iaio aaouee?a aei oa i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, iaoieia?y aaa?oiino?, a?iioiiano?oeoeaiee neiae?ii a aiaiiac?. ?c ee?i?/ieo iciae aenie? ?aiae c ?ioi?iaoeaiino? iathoue: ou?eueiaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice, aeenii?o?cie c aieo e?noeiai-i'yciai? nenoaie, aeenaa?iii?eiee o?ce/iee ?icaeoie, ca?eueoaiiy oa aie?ni?noue i?e iaeueiaoe?? ia/?iee, iayai?noue noeai aeecaia??iaaiaco a?eueoa 5. Ca aeaieie E?A, caeeoa?oueny ?ioi?iaoeaiei aeo?aeiee aaaaoaoeaiee oiion. Na?aae ci?i ia AEA ia ei?enoue iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? na?ae/aoue, ye neioniaa oao?-, oae ? a?aae?ea?ae?y, a oaeiae cieaeaiiy aieueoaaeo coaoey O a a?oaeieo a?aeaaaeaiiyo. Aei ia?ea??a iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? a?aeiineoueny ? cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? aeaeeoo ia 20% ? a?eueoa a?aeiinii na?aaeiueia?oiiaeo iieaciee?a. Na?aae aeaieo a?io?i?/iiai aiae?co: iaeiie/aiiy naeioeth, ia?aaioeth oa oeeieo. Na?aae oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo - i?aeaeuaiiy /anoioe niiaoe/ieo ee?oei c i?e?iyae?aie aeua na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a aeey aeaiiai ?aa?iio. Na?aae ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aeey noeeaiiy i?iaiico a a?e iai?oaeaiiy aai a a?e iacaaeia?eueii? aaeaioaoe?? aaaiia cia/aiiy ia? iayai?noue aai a?aenooi?noue ne?aeoth/eo ia?ea??a: e?ioioeeoic ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy e?eueeino? A-?OE n iecueeith ?aoeaioi?i?noth, "iaoieia?/ia " cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno I?E. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iaie ?ic?iaeaiee ? cai?iiiiiaaiee a i?aeoeeo oi?iae?ciaaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee aeaie (O?A) aeey aeeth/aiiy aeeoeie aei ooie ?eceeo ii ?icaeoeo aeiaeaoa?i?iiaaii? iaoieia??. I?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee iiaeooue ieaioaaoeny aeey eiaeii? aeeoeie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ia i?aenoaa? aeyaeaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iciae. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee o ianoaaeaieo ae?oae c iai?oaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?? oa iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiaee aoa?aioii? oa?ai?? oa aeno?a?ioiii? ?ioiiei?aeoe??. A?aoiaoth/e aeiaaaeaio iaie aeecaaeaioeaio ae?th eoioeyoe?? niieoe aaaeeeo iaoae?a, cie?aia ia?aaioeth, ie aeei?enoiaoaaee a ?ie? aioa?ini?aaioo ao?yeiaee iaeoei, ui ? iaoe?aeeeaei, aac iaaaoeaieo i?aaiieaioe/ieo aeanoeainoae, ia aieeaa? ia ii?iaeueio i?e?ioei?o eeoa/ieea. Aiae?c aeaieo ii ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a o aieinn? aei oa i?ney canoinoaaiiy iaeoeio iieacaa a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ia?aaioeth oa oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy naeioeth. A a?oi? ae?oae c iai?oaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?? ie aeei?enoaee i?e?iaeiee aaeaioiaai aoi?iao. Iaea?aeaee i'yeo ?ioiiei?aaoth/o ae?th aaeaioiaaio ia o?eueee ia aoii?aeueio eaieo o aeaeyae? ii?iae?caoe?? ??aiy ne?iaaoeiaeo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a A, I, 5N o neei?, aea ? ia aioei?ioaacio eaieo o aeaeyae? a??ia?aeiiai cieaeaiiy ??aiy a-1-?I o e?ia? (2,23±0,41a/e i?ioe 4,91±0,32 a/e, ?<0,001). *anoioa cono??/a?iino? niiaoe/ieo ee?oei c i?e?iyae?aie a neecia?e iaieiioe? ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie a??ia?aeii cieceeanue (0,036±0,006 i?ioe 0,081±0,013, ?<0,01). Aioeiooaaaiiee aoaeo aoi?iaoo, eiia??ii, iia'ycaiee c ?ioiiei?aaoth/ith ae??th aaeaioiaaia, ia oii? yei? aeoea?co?oueny ?ioiieia?/iee iaaeyae ca ee?oeiaie c oeeoiaaiaoe/ieie i?e?iaiiiae?yie. O ae?oae c iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th canoiniaoaaee a?oai?iiee eiiieaen (?-ea?ioei, A,N), ia i?aenoaa? eiai ?ioiiei?aaoth/i?, aioeiooaaaiii? ae?? ?, ui aeooaeueii aeey ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio, aieeaii ia aeoeaaoe?th ieanoe/ieo oa ?aaaia?aoi?ieo i?ioean?a o e?noeia?e oa o?yuaa?e oeaieiao. Cia/iee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an ia? aea/aiiy aieeao a?oai?iiiai eiiieaeno ia noai aioei?ioaacii? eaiee i?e ?? iai?oaeaii? a oiiaa ae?? i?iieneiaeo oieneeaio?a. ?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aioeieneaeaioe iathoue ei?eaoth/o ae?th ia oeth eaieo ?ioi?oaoo. Ii?iae?caoe?y ??aiy a-1-?I a?aeaoaa?oueny a ?acoeueoao? cieaeaiiy iioeiaeaeoth/i? ae?? aeiiaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a i?e canoinoaaii? iaaaaeaieo i?io?eaeoe/ieo cania?a oa ?o ?ioiiei?aaoth/i? ae??, ui ua ?ac aeiaiaeeoue iaoiaaiaoe/io iaoiiaeai?noue ? caeiiii??i?noue i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac i?e ?oeioth/?e oa aeecaaeaiooth/?e ae?? i?iieneiaeo enaiia?ioee?a. AENIIAEE 1. Aiae?c oa?eoi??aeueieo iniaeeainoae ?iciiae?eo aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy ii a?oiao caei?ia'y iieacaa, ui ia?aaioeaai?oaeiee ?aa?ii ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo iaei/enaeueieo a aeieia?/ii iaaeaaiiieo/iiio I?eaei?i?ia'? ca iayai?noth ae?oae ? a?oie caei?ia'y. Caa?oa? oaaao a??ia?aeii aeniea caoai?thaai?noue ae?oae ca iaaiith iaoieia??th ? ?? c?inoaiiy ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a, a naia : caoai?thaaiiy nenoaie e?ia?, ia?aiai? nenoaie, e?noeiai-i'yciai? nenoaie, o?iaeaeaieo aiiiae?e ?icaeoeo (a oiio /ene? ? c aieo e?noeiai? nenoaie), a?ia?ieac?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice, aea?aiiaoieia??. 2. Iaea?eueo aaaiieie oaeoi?aie ?eceeo ?icaeoeo ii?ooaiue aaeaioaoe?? aei iani?eyoeeaeo oiia ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo ?: iaoieia?y aaa?oiino? o iaoa?? (aiai??, aanoice, caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy), ae?y i?ioan?eieo oe?aeeeainoae aei oa i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, aeaai?noue iaoeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? ae?oae oa ?o aaouee?a, iani?eyoeeaee ia?eiaoaeueiee ia??iae oa aea?aieia?/iee aiaiiac, ianeaia iae?iiy a n?i'?, A?C /ano?oa 5 ia ??e, iayai?noue 5 oa a?eueoa aeecaia??iaaiaoe/ieo i?e?iaiiiae?e, ii?ooaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai noaoono. 3. Aei ee?i?/ieo iciae neiae?iio aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe?? a oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio ne?ae a?aeiineoe, ianaiia?aae, ii?ooaiiy e?noeiai-i'yciai? nenoaie (ii?ooaiiy inaiee, aeaoi?iaoe?y o?aaoa oa a?oaeii? ee?oeie, i'yciaa aeenoii?y). Noia?ia ae?y aeiiaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a o ?aa?ii? ia? ?ioiinoi?aneaiee aoaeo ia ee?oeiio eaieo ?ioi?oaoo. ?ioiia?aie ianoaaeaieo i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae o?aaa a?aeianoe aei ci?oaiiai oeio - c noi?an??th ee?oeiii? oa aeoeaaoe??th aoii?aeueii? ? oaaioeeoa?ii? eaiie. Aeei?enoaiiy iao?e/iiai aiae?co a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?ioiia?aie ? ei?eniei oa aeinooiiei iaoiaeii, ui aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe eiie?aoi? aoaeoi?i? eaiee oa ?ioiio nenoaio a oe?eiio ca aeiiiiiaith ii?ioaaiiy ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a. 4. Iai?oaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie a oiiaao aieeao caa?oaeiaiue ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?aei?/a?oueny o 21,7% ae?oae c ? oa II a?oi caei?ia'y ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?eai?/aiiyi oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino?, i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy A-?icaoeiooai?thth/eo ee?oei ca ?aooiie aaaaoi?aoeaioi?ieo, i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy. Iacaaeia?eueia aaeaioaoe?y — o 16,4% ae?oae ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?a?iciiae?eii o neeaae? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii aeoeaieo ee?oei, aeaeiiiainaoe?eieie i?ioeanaie o aoii?aeuei?e eaioe? - cieaeaiiyi ??aiy i?iaeoeoe??. 5. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy in-1- ?ia?a?oi?o i?ioaac o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae ne?ae aaaaeaoe eiiiainaoi?iith ?aaeoe??th ia ?iaeoeaoth/o oa ?oeioth/o ae?th aeioieneeaio?a. Cieaeaiiy ??aiy no-?-?ia?a?oi?o i?ioaac ieae/a na?aaeiuei?aa?iiaeueieo ii?iaoea?a iiaeia ?icoe?ithaaoe ye ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco a a?e aeoeaaoe?? i?ioaie?co, ui ? iaei??th c i?e/ei a?aeiinii aeniei? /anoioe a?iioiiano?oeoeaieo neiae?ii?a na?aae ae?oae, ia yeeo aieeaathoue i?iieneia? iiethoaioe. 6. O ae?oae c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio a ii??aiyii? c a?aeiinii "/enoei" ?aa?iiii ia? i?noea a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe??ioo iioeiaeaeoaaiino? oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo no?oeoo? a niiaoe/ieo ee?oeiao. Aei a?oie ?eceeo ii ?icaeoeo aeecaaeaioeaieo ii?ooaiue o nenoai? iooaaaiac-aioeiooaaaiac, ye iaea?eueo /ooeea? aei iooaaaiii? ae?? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a?aeiinyoueny ae?oe c iayai?noth: aiaieu o?ii?/ii? aaeoa??aeueii? ?ioaeoe??, a?ia?ieac?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a?eueoa 5 noeai aeecaia??iaaiaco, ii?ooaiue aene?aoe?? c i?aai?cio aeioieneeaio?a, aeenaaeaino a ?ioiiiio noaoon?. 7. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo e?eoa???a ii i?iaiicoaaiith c?eao aaeaioaoe?? ae?oae aei iani?eyoeeaeo oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?ae /an ?ioiiaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiaa aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe aeecaaeaioeai? aeiiicieia?/i? ci?ie a noai? caei?ia'y o 58,7% c ianoaaeaieo i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae, ui ni?ey? nai?/aniiio i?iaaaeaiith o ieo i?io?eaeoeee aeicaeaaeii? iaoieia?? c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae aeioaoiiaaiieo oiia ?aa?iio; i?e oeueiio iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?iaaceaieo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy cieaeo?oueny ia 42%. 8. I?iaaaeaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicii? i?io?eaeoeee oeyoii eo?niaiai i?ecia/aiiy eiiieaeno a?oai?i?a (?-ea?ioei, N ? A) aai i?e?iaeiiai aaeaioiaaio aoi?iaoo iao??th, ia oii? iaeoeiii?io?eaeoeee, ia? i'yeo ?ioiiei?aaoth/o oa aioeiooaaaiio ae?th; cieaeo? ??aaiue a-1-?I a e?ia? ae?oae aei ii?iaeueiiai. I?e iayaiino? a-1-?I-aeao?oeeoieo noai?a aeacai? i?io?eaeoe/i? eo?ne ia iathoue ii?iae?coth/i? ae??. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. Aei a?oie c i?aeaeuaiei ?eceeii ii ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe?? na?aae ae?oae ia?oi? oa ae?oai? a?oi caei?ia'y ne?ae a?aeiineoe ae?oae, ui iathoue: iaoyaeaiee ia?eiaoaeueiee aiaiiac; aaouee?a, caeiyoeo o ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiio ae?iaieoeoa?; aiai?/i? oa a?iioiiano?oeoeai? noaie a aiaiiac?; aino?? ?ani??aoi?i? caoai?thaaiiy /ano?oa 5 ia ??e; a?ia?ieac?th e?ioi?aeii? oeaieie c eiia??iith ia?nenoaioe??th o?ii?/ii? aaeoa??aeueii? ?ioaeoe?? a iiniaeiooe?; a?ia?ieac?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice oa iayai?noue a?eueoa 5 aeecaia??iaaiaoe/ieo noeai; aeenaa?iii?eiee o?ce/iee ?icaeoie oa ii?ooaiiy e?noeiai-i'yciai? nenoaie, ii?ooaiiy aene?aoi?ii? ooieoe?? ia/?iee. 2. I?e i?iaaaeaii? ?ioiiaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoiae ?icoe?aii? ?ioiia?aie c aecia/aiiyi ??aiy ne?iaaoeiaiai a-1-?ia?a?oi?o i?ioaac (aeey i???ioiaii? ioe?iee - ?aioaaiie?aiee ne?ei?ia-iaoiae). I?e ioe?ioe? ?ioiia?aie iaiao?aeiei ? aeei?enoaiiy iao?e/iiai aiae?co, ui aea? ciiao aecia/eoe ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai eiaeii? aoa?aioii? eaiee oa an??? ?ioiii? nenoaie a oe?eiio. 3. Ca aaeaioeaio ii?io aeey ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio i?eeiyoe iniaeeaino? ?ioiia?aie o aeaeyae?: noi?an?? ee?oeiii? eaiee, aeoeaaoe?? oaaioeeoa?ii? oa aoii?aeueii? eaiie, a aecia/aieo iaie iaaeao na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/ieo iieaciee?a. 4. Aeey ae?aaiinoeee ??aiy aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aecia/ai? ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? oa i?iaiinoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe (o aeaeyae? aeeniaina?ii-ae?aaiinoe/ieo oi?iae?ciaaieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaie?a). 5. Ae?oe c anoaiiaeaiith caaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th, aea i?aeiaaeath/? iino?eiiio aieeao i?iieneiaeo oieneeaio?a, iiaeii? aooe a?aeianai? aei ia?oi? a?oie caei?ia'y, i?aea?oie oaaae (“i?aea?oia iioaioe?eiiai aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo”) c caiiaiaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeaie?a aeey ieo 2 ?ace ia ??e i?ae /an aeeniaina?ieo iaeyae?a. Ae?oe oe??? a?oie iio?aaothoue nai?/anii? naiaoe?? aiaieu ?ioaeoe??, caaa?oiaoth/eo i?ioeaaeo? c o?aooaaiiyi aaaaoaoeaiiai noaoono, aaaaeaii? a ?aoe?ii aeieia?/ii /enoeo iai/?a oa o?oeo?a, ui i?noyoue iaeoei. 6. Ae?oe c iai?oaeaiiyi ? iacaaeia?eueiith aaeaioaoe??th iiaeooue aooe a?aeianaieie aei ae?oai? a?oie caei?ia'y, aea “i?aea?oie iino?eiiai iaaee/iiai iaaeyaeo ii ?eceeo ?icaeoeo aeiiaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue”. Aeey ieo aeeniaina?i? aeaiee caiiaithaaoe 1 ?ac o eaa?oae, c iiaeaeueoei i?iaaaeaiiyi nai?/anii? ia?aeiii? i?io?eaeoeee oiia c?eao aaeaioaoe??. Ae?oyi c ae?aaiinoe/iei c?eaii aaeaioaoe?? iaiao?aeia aeiaeaoeiaa ?ioiieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy a oiiaao ?aa?iiaeueieo ?ioiieia?/ieo oeaio??a 7. Aecia/aiiy oiiaiiai iieacieea iioeiaeaeoaaiino? oeeoiaaiaoe/ieo no?oeoo?, ca i?e?iyaea?iei oanoii na?aae niiaoe/ieo ee?oei neeciai? iaieiiee ?ioiai? ii?iaeieie (ui ? aeinooiiei oa ia?iaaceaiei iaoiaeii), aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye ia?ea? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? /ooeeaino? aeeoeie aei iooaaaiii? ae?? /eiiee?a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua. 8. Aeey ei?aeoe?? aeecaaeaioeaieo cnoa?a ?ioiiiai oa oeeoiaaiaoe/iiai aiiainoaco ia aeiiicieia?/iiio ??ai? ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe ?ic?iaeai? i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee, cie?aia iaeoeiia? oaaeaoee ii 0,8-1,0 a ia aeiao aei i?eeiyooy ?ae?, a oaeiae a?oai?ie (?-ea?ioei, N,A) o a?eia?e aeic? aai aoi?iao iao??th a aeic? 0,05 a ia aeiao i?ney ?ae?, i?ioyaii 3 oeaei?a. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1 .Iniaeeaino? noaio caei?ia'y ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, ui iaoeathoue a oiiaao ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio //Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae.-1997.-O.2,?3.-N.83-85. 2.0 i?iaeaii ninoiyiey einoii-iue?oa/iie nenoaie o aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa, i?iaeeaathueo a oneiaeyo ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aaeiia // A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie.-1998.-?14.-N.83-86. 3. Eiioeaiooaeuei? ieoaiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy a oiiaao ?ioaineaii-i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae.-1998.-O.C, ?2.- N.65- 68 (ni?aaao. Aeoea E.Ae., Ei?aithe I.N., ?oaiiaa A.A., Oe??e?ia I.A.). 4. ??aaiue ne?iaaoeiaiai aeueoa- 1-aioeo?eineio oa iaoiaee eiai ei?aeoe?? o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo ae?oae a oiiaao i?iieneiaiai ?aa?iio // Oai aea.-O.C, ?3.-N.63-65. 5. Aeeaaiinoeea iooaaaiiiai oiia oa??eoi?ee ii iee?iyaea?iiio oanoo a ee?oeao neecenoie ?ioiaie iieinoe e ninoiyieth ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacue? //Aeooaeueiue?a aii?ini ii?oieiaee e eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiue?. Nai?iee iao/iue?o ?aaio.- Aeiai?iiao?iane,1994.-N.108 (niaao. Ai?iaay A.E., ?oeaaeoieeiaa Ae.E.). 6.?ioiieia?/i? oa oeeoiaaiaoe/i? ia?ea?e aeecaaeaioaoe?? ae?oae aei oiia ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio // Iaoa??aee ? I?aeia?iaeiiai iaaee/iiai eiia?ano nooaeaio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo.-Oa?iii?eue,1997.-N.318-319. 7-Ia?ooaiea aiiainoaca a nenoaiao eiioieoaoa e eiaeaeoi?ia i?ioaac o eeeie/anee caei?iaue?o aeaoae, eae oaeoi?, niinianoaothuee ?inoo a?iioieaai/iie iaoieiaee a oneiaeyo oaoiiaaiiiai i?anneiaa//Iaoa?eaeue? ? Iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna Oe?aeie ii eiioiieiaee, aeea?aieiaee e eiioii?aaaeeeoaoeee.- Aeoooa,1998.-N.116-117. AIIOAOe?ss ?eue/aiei N.?. Ee?i?/i?, ?ioiio?i?/i? oa oeeoiaaiaoe/i? ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? aeiiicieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue caei?ia'y ae?oae c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.10 - iaae?ao??y. ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie. Ee?a. 1999. ?oeiien. Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy noaio caei?ia'y aeioe?eueiyo c ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aa?iio. Iaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo nenoaie ?ioi?oaoo ? ?ia?a?oi??a i?ioaac a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy aaeaioaoe?? aei ae?? aeiiaoiaaiieo /eiiee?a. Anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e ?eceeo ? iia? aeiiicieia?/i? ia?ea?e neiae?iio aeieia?/ii? aeecaaeaioaoe?? aeey aeaiiai ?aa?iio. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?io?eaeoe/i? eo?ne aeey ei?aeoe?? aeiiicieia?/ieo a?ieia?/ieo aeaoaeo?a ? iieacaia ?o aoaeoeai?noue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?oe, ia?aaioeaai?oaeiee ?aa?ii, ?ioi?oao, ?ia?a?oi?e i?ioaac, aeiiicieia?/i? ia?ea?e, aeecaaeaioaoe?y. AIIIOAOeEss Eeue/aiei N.E. Eeeie/aneea, eiioiioeie/aneea e oeeoiaaiaoe/aneea aeeaaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee aeiiicieiae/aneeo ia?ooaiee caei?iauey aeaoae ec ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 — iaaeeao?ey. Einoeooo iaaeeao?ee, aeooa?noaa e aeiaeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu. Eeaa. 1999. ?oeiienue. A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou aia?aua i?iaaaeaiiiai eiiieaeniiai eco/aiey ninoiyiey caei?iauey aeioeieueieeia, i?iaeeaathueo a oneiaeyo ia?aaioeaai?oaeiiai ?aaeiia. Aeaiiue ?aaeii yaeyaony oieeaeueiui a Oe?aeia ii oaoiiaaiiiio caa?yciaieth, oae eae iiiaieaoiyy aeiau/a ia?aaioea n eniieueciaaieai ioe?uoiai niiniaa, i?iecaiaenoai ia?aaioeaaiai eiioeaio?aoa i?eaaee e cia/eoaeueiui eciaiaieyi ii/au, iaeiieaieth a iae nieae oyae?euo iaoaeeia, a /anoiinoe ia?aaioea, caa?yciaieth aoiinoa?iiai aicaeooa, oooaeoaieth ieoueaaie aiaeu. ?aaioa i?iaaaeaia a ?aieao ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeeei-yeieiae/aneiai iiiieoi?eiaa e i?aceaeaioneie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie i?ia?aiiu “Aeaoe Oe?aeiu”. A oiaea ?aaiou i?iaaaeaii ne?eieiaiaia ianeaaeiaaiea 683 aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa, a oaeaea oaeoae?iiia ianeaaeiaaiea n ii?aaeaeaieai eiioiioeie/aneeo e oeeoiaaiaoe/aneeo iieacaoaeae 166 i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo aeaoae. O yoeo aeaoae i?iaaaeaii ianeaaeiaaiea ooieoeee aiaoiaai aeuoaiey, yeaeo?iea?aeeia?aoe/aneia enneaaeiaaiea, ioeaiea aaaaoaoeaiiai noaoona e aaeaioeaiuo eciaiaiee?aaoeyoeee na?aea/iiai ?eoia n iiiiuueth ea?aeeieioa?aaeia?aoee, ii?aaeae?i iee?iyeaiaioiue ninoaa aiein, oeeoiaaiaoe/aneee aiiainoac niiaoe/aneeo eeaoie. Ioeaiea eiioiiiai noaoona i?iaiaeeeanue n iiiiuueth ii?aaeaeaiey ninoiyiey eeaoi/iiai, aoii?aeueiiai e oaaioeeoa?iiai caaiueaa eiioieoaoa, a oaeaea aioei?ioaaciiai caaia n ii?aaeaeaiea o?iaiy nuai?ioi/iiai a-1-eiaeaeoi?a i?ioaac e aai aeoeaiinoe. Aia?aua ii?aaeaeaiu ?aaeiiaeueiua eeeieei-aiaiianoe/aneea e oaiioeie/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeaoae a aeaiiii ?aaeiia. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue yoi eanaaony ninoiyiey einoii-iuoa/iie nenoaiu. Aaoi?ii ninoaaeaia noaia aiiiaeiuo iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo caaiueaa ia?ooaiee a aeaiiie nenoaia i?e o?iie/aneii ecauoi/iii iinooieaiee ia?aaioea a i?aaieci ?aa?iea. A iaoiaaiaca yoeo ia?ooaiee ea?atho ?ieue iiiaioaeoi?iua i?e/eiu: io iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai aicaeaenoaey ia?aaioea ia einoioth oeaiue e iaoaaieeci aeoaieia Ae aei aiciiaeiie aaiaoe/aneie ?aaeoeee einoiie nenoaiu ia aeaenoaea i?iiuoeaiiuo caa?yciaiee. Auaeaeaiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u ?enea, eioi?ua aeeytho ia o?iaaiue aaeaioaoeee ?aa?iea e oneiaeyi oaoiiaaiiiai caa?ycoiaiey ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. Aia?aua ii?aaeaeaiu n?aaeianoaoenoe/aneea iieacaoaee eiioiiiai noaoona aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a ea/anoaa ?aaeiiaeueiie ii?iu. A ?aaioa auyaeaiu aeiiicieiae/aneea eciaiaiey eiioiieiae/aneiai, i?ioaaceiaeaeoi?iiai aaeainia e oeeoiaaiaoe/aneiai aiiainoaca, eo acaeiinaycue n iaeiieaieai nieae oyae?euo iaoaeeia a aeaoneii i?aaiecia e, ia yoie iniiaa, ?ane?uou ioaeaeueiua caaiuey iaoaiecia aeecaaeaoaoeee e oi?ie?iaaiey i?aii?aeaeiuo ninoiyiee o aeaoae. A ?aaioa aeaia ooieoeeiiaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaiu eiioieoaoa e eiaeaeoi?ia i?ioaac a caaeneiinoe io o?iaiy aaeaioaoeee e aicaeaenoaeth yeiiaoiaaiiuo oaeoi?ia, onoaiiaeaiu oaeoi?u ?enea e iiaua aeiiicieiae/aneea ia?ea?u neiae?iia yeieiae/aneie aeecaaeaioaoeee aeey aeaiiiai ?aaeiia, /oi iicaieyao i?iaiaeeoue naiaa?aiaiiua i?ioeeaeoe/aneea ia?ii?eyoey. ?ac?aaioaiu aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aeeaaiinoe/aneea oaaeeoeu aeey ?aniiciaiey i?aaeiaoieiae/aneeo ninoiyiee o aeaoae ia iniiaa eiioeiooia ia?aoiaeiuo ninoiyiee caei?iauey. Aaoi?ii i?aaeeiaeaiu i?ioeeaeoe/aneea eo?nu (eiiieaen aeoaieiia, i?e?iaeiua aaeaioiaaiu, iaeoei) aeey ei??aeoeee aeiiicieiae/aneeo aeieiae/aneeo aeaoaeoia, iieacaia eo yooaeoeaiinoue o aeaoae n aeiiicieiae/aneeie eciaiaieyie a ninoiyiee caei?iauey. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaoe, ia?aaioeaai?oaeiue ?aaeii, eiioiieoao, eiaeaeoi?u i?ioaac, aeiiicieiae/aneea ia?ea?u, aeecaaeaioaoeey. SUMMARY Ilchenko S.I. Clinical, immunity-chemical and citogenetics diagnostic criterions of the prenosological disturbance of the children's health from manganese-mining region of Ukraine. Dissertation for the Degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences in speciality 14.01.10 - Pediatrics. Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. Kiev, 1999. Manuscript. The work presents the results of the research of the health state of preschool children from manganese-mining region. Functional characteristic of the immunity and proteas-ingibitors system was given in dependence of the adaptation's level to ecopathogenic influence. The risk factors and new prenosological markers of ecological dysadaptation syndrome to this region were determined. The prophylactic courses of correction prenosological biological defects were proposed and their efficacy was shown. Key words: children, manganese-mining region, immunity, ingibitors of proteases, prenosological markers, dysadaptation.

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