IIIINOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO AeA?IAOIEIA?? OA AAIA?IEIA??

??IIEIAA Iaoae?y A?eoi??aia

OAeE 616.517-008.818:577.153

EEIII*IA CIA*AIIss AeEIAII*IIAI IIAA?OIAAIAI IAOssAO AIIEIAI*IEO ?IAeEI
O OAI?EO IA INI?IAC

14.01.20 – oe??i? oa aaia?e/i? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. I. Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?iiaiaiei

Anaaieiae Ieeieaeiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee

aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo oai?ia

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaeioia

Aaea??e Iaaeiae/, Aei?i?iiao??anueea aea?aeaaia

iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo oai?ia

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?iae?i TH??e

Ieaen?eiae/, E?einueeee iaaee/iee ?inoeooo

?i. N.?. Aai?a??anueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe??ieo

oa aaia?e/ieo oai?ia

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. aeaae. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.603.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? aea?iaoieia?? oa aaia?ieia?? ca
aae?anith: 310057, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 7/9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo aea?iaoieia?? oa aaia?ieia?? ca
aae?anith:

310057, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. *a?ieoaanueeiai, 7/9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 28 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe

aeioeaio Oaoeueea E.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ini??ac — oea iaeei c iaeaieueo ?iciianthaeaeaieo
o?ii?/ieo aea?iaoic?a, /anoea yeiai a oei?yi?e iaoieiai? neeaaea? 4-7%
(Eaethaeia E.Ae. oa ni?aaao., 1997). A inoaiii ?iee niinoa?iaa?oueny
aiaeiinia c?inoaiiy eieueeinoi oai?eo ia ini?iac c oyaeeei iioe?aiei
ia?aaiaii oai?iae, c iiyaith aeenaiiiaoei?, a?io?iaea?ii?, a?o?iiaoi?,
aaeoa?iaeueii? aea?ai?, noieeinoi aei oa?aii? i /anoei ?aoeeaeeaoaaiiyi
(Iaa?ia ?.?. oa ni?aaao., 1989; Ii?aeiaoeaa A.I., 1995; A?ey?a A.I.,
?eaeei I.I., 1996; Ei?ieue A.I., Eieyaeaiei A.A. oa ni?aaao., 1996;
Eaethaeia E.Ae. oa ni?aaao., 1997). Iaeaieueo /anoi ia ini?iac
oai?ithoue o naiiio i?aoeacaeaoiiio aioei (aiae 20 aei 40 ?ieia)
(Oaaeioia A.I., oa ni?aaao., 1991). O 8-40% oai?eo ia?aaia ini?iaco
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny o?aaeaiiyi noaeiaia ic ?icaeoeii a?o?eoo, ui aaaea
aei cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi oa iiaaeiaeecoth/eo oneeaaeiaiue
(A?eai?’?aa A., Aacaeia A., 1995; Eaethaeia E.Ae. oa ni?aaao., 1997).

Nooo?ai c?ooaiiy aieeiaiai i eiiiaeiiai iaoaaieicio — oea iaeia ?c
noi??i iaoiaaiaco, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei c’yaeaiiy o aiieiai/ieo ?iaeeiao
(A?) aaaaoueio iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei (no?oaeoaioia), yei caeaoii
ciiithaaoe noai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao (II) A? (Aeei A.?., oa ni?aaao.,
1996; Eacaeia A.I. oa ni?aaao. 1996-1998). Aea/aiiy iieacieeia II
ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i oa neiiaiaeueii? ?iaeeie o oai?eo ia ini?iac iiaea
a iioaa?aeueiiio aeaeyaei aiaeia?aceoe iayaiinoue ciii eieueeiniiai i
yeiniiai neeaaeo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o A? (Fainerman V.B. et
al., 1996, 1997; Eacaeia A.I. oa ni?aaao. 1997-1998; Neiy/aiei I.A. oa
ni?aaao., 1998, 1999). Iniaeeainoueth no?oaeoaioia ? cia/ia aeiy iaeeo
eiioeaio?aoeie, yea iaoiiaeaia ?o caeiaiinoth aei iiaa?oiaai?
aaeni?aoei? (Kwok D.Y. et al., 1995; Clark et al., 1996; Dukhin S.S. et
al., 1996). Iieacieee II aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei iiaeooue noaoe
iioaa?aeueieie e?eoa?iyie, yei oa?aeoa?ecothoue eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?iee
ia?aaia oai?iae. ?ic?iaea iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeiaii/ii? iiaeoacii?
oaiciiiao?i? A? aoaea ni?eyoe ?aiiie aeiaaiinoeoei caoai?thaaiue,
iieiioeoue i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o ia?aaiao oa eiio?ieth ca oa?aii?th (Eacaeia
A.I. oa ni?aaao., 1995-1998; Neiy/aiei I.A. oa ni?aaao., 1995-1998).
Neiae aiaecia/eoe, ui iiaeoacia oaiciiiao?iy o oei?yieo oai?eo ia
oaia??oi?e /an ia aeei?enoiaoaaeanue.

Cia/ia ?iciianthaeaeai?noue ini??aco, aiaenooiinoue aoaeoeaieo iaoiaeia
oa?aii?, inoioii nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii o?oaeiiui ?iaeyoue aeooaeueiei
iiooe iiaeo i oaeineiiaeaiiy inioth/eo iaoiaeia ae?aaiinoeee oeueiai
aea?iaoico (Iaa?ia ?.?. oa ni?aaao., 1989; A?ey?a A.I., ?eaeei I.I.,
1996; ?iae?i TH.I. 1996; Eooanaae/ ss.O., Aii/a?aiei I.N., Eiiaeaeiaa
A.E. oa ni?aaao., 1997; ?iiaiaiei A.I. oa ni?aaao., 1998).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii ieaiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei?
?iaioe «?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa i?io?eaeoeee oyaeeeo
o?ii?/ieo aea?iaoic?a ? neo?e?no» (? aea?ae-?a?no?aoei? 0195V009649)
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo i ? o?aaiaioii
eiieo?nii? eiiieaenii? oaie IIC Oe?a?ie «Aea/eoe noai aeeiaii/iiai
iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei o caei?iaeo inia i oai?eo c
?iciiiaiioieie caoai?thaaiiyie oa?aiaaoe/iiai i?ioieth» (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoei? 0197V002098), a oaeiae iaoeiai? i?ia?aie a ?aieao
?a?iiaenueeiai Niiaoiaa?enoaa «Oscillating Bubble Tensiometr» (?
IC15-CT96-0809), yea ?acii aeeiio?oueny a/aieie Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oiiaa?neoao, Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee oeaio?
oaoii/ii? aeieiai?, Ee?anueeee IAe? eiei?aeia i oiii? aiaee), ?ini?
(Naieo-Iaoa?ao?cueeee oiiaa?neoao), Ioaei? (Oe?aicnueeee oiiaa?neoao),
Iiia//eie (Iaen-Ieaie?anueeee iinoeooo eiei?aeia i iiaa?oii,
Aa?eiinueeee oiiaa?neoao ii. A.Aoiaieueaeoa).

Iaoa i caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — aecia/eoe eeiii/ia
cia/aiiy ciii iieacieeia aeeiaii/iiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao (AeII)
ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i i neiiaiaeueii? ?iaeeie aeey aeiaaiinoeee, ioeiiee
aoaeoeaiinoi eieoaaiiy i i?iaiico ia?aaiao ini?iaco.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei iinoaaeaii oaei caaea/i:

1. Aeineiaeeoe noai AeII ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i i neiiaiaeueii? ?iaeeie o
oai?eo ia ini?iac ?icii? noao? e aieo, aecia/eoe ei?aeyoeieii ca’ycee
iiae ie?aieie eiai iieacieeaie.

2. Aea/eoe ia?aiao?e aeeiaii/ii? iiaeoacii? oaiciiiao?i? aiieiai/ieo
?iaeei i?e ?icieo eeiii/ieo aa?iaioao ia?aaiao ini?iaco.

3. Aecia/eoe iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaii ?a/iaeie, yei aieeaathoue ia noai AeII
ne?iaaoee e?iai o oai?eo ia ini?iac.

4. ?ic?iaeoe aeeoa?aioeieii-aeiaaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i? ini?iaco ia i?aenoaa?
ia?aiao?ia AeII aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei.

5. Aeaoe ioeiieo ciii AeII aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei i?e i?iaaaeaiii
iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?aii? ini??aco i ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa?i?, yei aeicaieythoue
i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aaia caoai?thaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaeia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Aia?oa aea/aii ciiie AeII
ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i i neiiaiaeueii? ?iaeeie o oai?eo ia ini?iac ic
?icieie oi?iaie i eeiiiei-eaai?aoi?ieie aa?iaioaie ia?aaiao oai?iae.
Aia?oa aiaecia/aii ei?aeyoeieii ca’ycee iiae ie?aieie ia?aiao?aie
aeeiaii/ieo iiaeoacieo oaiciia?ai ?icieo aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei o oai?eo ia
ini?iac. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii aieea eiioeaio?aoei? caaaeueiiai aieeo i
eiai o?aeoeie, iioiiaeiaoeiiia (IA), b2-iie?i-aeiaoeiio (b2-IA),
oia?eiiaaio (OA), oia?iiaeoiio (OI), oee?eoethth/eo iioieo eiiieaenia
(OeIE), oieanoa?eio (ON), o?eaeioea?eaeia (OA), eiiii?ioa?aeia aeniei?,
iecueei? (EIIA) i aeoaea iecueei? (EIAeIA) aonoeie ia ?iaaiue AeII
aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. ?ic?iaeaii i ai?iaaaeaeaii
a eeiii/io i?aeoeeo aeiaaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i? ?icieo oi?i ia?aaiao ini?iaco
oa iieacieee, yei aeicaieythoue ioeiithaaoe nooi?iue oyaeeino? oai?iae,
aoaeoeaiinoue i?iaaaeaii? oa?aii? i i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aaia ini??aco,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ia?aiao?e AeII ne?iaaoee e?iai i na/i. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii
aeeoa?aioeieii-aeiaaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i?, yei aeicaieythoue ioeiithaaoe
aoaeoeaiinoue i?iaaaeaii? oa?aii? i i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aaia ini??aco.
?ic?iaeaii i ai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ciii AeII
aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei i?e ?icieo noaaeiyo ini??aoe/ii? a?o?iiao?? i
nooiaiyo ?? aeoeaiinoi.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a o?ueio
eieoaaeueii-i?ioieaeoe/ieo caeeaaeao iinoa Aeiiaoeueea oa a iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi? iniaenoi i?iaiaeeea eeiii/ia
ianoaaeaiiy, iiaea?? i eieoaaiiy oai?eo ia ini?iac, c ?icieie eeiii/ieie
oi?iaie. Aeineiaeaeaiiy AeII ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i i neiiaiaeueii?
?iaeeie i?iaiaeeeenue ca o/anoth aaoi?a ia aaci Oe?a?inueeiai oeaio?o
oaoii/ii? aeieiai? (caa. eaai?aoi?i?th i?ioani? A.A. Oaeia?iai).
Aiioiii/ii i iioiieiai/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca o/anoth aaoi?a
a Aeiiaoeueeiio aeiaaiinoe/iiio oeaio?i (caa. eaai?aoi?iei aiaeaeieaiiyi
E.A. Ooiaea). Aea/aiiy caeaaeiinoi iiae ie?aieie iieacieeaie AeII i
ia?aiao?aie aieeiaiai oa eiiiaeiiai iaiiiia o aiieiai/ieo ?iaeeiao, ye
caei?iaeo inia, oae i oai?eo, aeeiioaaeinue aaciina?aaeiuei iiooeoaa/ai.
Aaoi? naiinoieii i?iaiaeeea iiooe aeeoa?aioeieii-aeiaaiinoe/ieo
e?eoa?i?a i?e ?icieo oi?iao ia?aaiao ini??aco c a?aooaaiiyi ia?aiao?ia
iiaeoacii? oaiciiiao?i? i iieacieeia, yei aeicaieythoue ioeiithaaoe
oyaee?noue oai?iae, aoaeoeaiinoue oa?aii? i i?iaiicoaaoe ia?aaia
oai?iae. O niieueieo ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iiiaae 70%
iaeae oa ?ic?iaie.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iaoa?iaee aeena?oaoei? aoee
iiaiaeiieaii ia iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie
Aeiiaano» (Aeiiaoeuee, 1996), ia caniaeaiiyo Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai
oiaa?enoaa aea?iaoi-aaia?ieiaia (Aeiiaoeuee, 1997, 1998), ia
eiioa?aioei? Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa oa?aiaaoia ii.
A.I.Ia?acoeiaa (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998), ni?eueiiio caniaeaiii niia?iaioieeia
eaoaae? oei?ieo i aaia?e/ieo oai?ia oa i?iiaaeaaoeee aioo?ioiio oai?ia
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo, Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoeiaiai oeaio?o oaoii/ii? aeieiai? (Aeiiaoeuee, 1999).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 10 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue,
ic ieo — 3 noaooi o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 noaooi o iaoeiaeo cai?eao i 4
— o oacao eiioa?aioeie.

Ianya i no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoeith aeeeaaeaii ia 149
noi?iieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, iethno?iaaii 27 oaaeeoeyie i 36
?enoieaie. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e,
iaoa?iaeo i iaoiae?a aeineiaeaeaiiy, 3 ?icaeieia aeanieo aeineiaeaeaiue,
caeeth/ii? /anoeie, aeniiaeia, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie i nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee iinoeoue 320 aeaea?ae aio/eciyieo oa
?iicaiieo aaoi?ia.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeinue
103 oai?eo ia ini??ac, na?aae yeeo aoei 75 (72,8%) /ieia?e?a oa 28
(27,2%) ae?iie. A?e oai?eo neeaaeaa a?ae 18 aei 89 ?ie?a (o na?aaeiueiio
53,7±1,27 ?ie?a). A?eueo aeaoaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo oai?eo ca a?eii ?
noaooth iiaeaii a oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ianoaaeaieo oai?eo ca noaooth oa a?eii

Noaoue

A?e (?iee)

Anueiai

<20 20-40 41-60 >60

aan. % aan. % aan. % aan. % aan. %

*ie.

AE?i.

4

5,3

15

2

20,0

7,1

35

15

46,7

53,6

21

11

28,0

39,3

75

28

100,0

100,0

?acii

4

3,9

17

16,5

50

48,5

32

31,1

103

100,0

Aeiaaio?eaae?noue oai?iae aoea a?ae 1 aei 35 ?ie?a (a na?aaeiueiio
18,8±0,81 ?ie?a). *ieia?ee oa iniaeeai ae?iee c ini??aoe/iei a?o?eoii
(IA) aoee a?eueo noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi. A ae?ii/?e a?oi? ianoaaeaieo iaea
i?noea oaeiae a?eueoa o?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy.

O 81 (78,6%) oai?eo ae?aaiinoiaaii ?iciianthaeaeaiee ini??ac
?io?eueo?aoeaii-oeyieiai? oi?ie, a o ?aooe ianoaaeaieo iaoe??io?a (22
iniae, 21,4%) — aoei?/i? oi?ie oai?iae (ionooeaaee aai ?oi?i?aeiee
aa??aioe, ia?oe?aeueia e oi?aa?naeueia a?eo?iaea?i?y). Iaoyaeaio
niaaeeia?noue ca ini??acii anoaiiaeaii o 18 (17,5%) aeiaaeeao.

O 69 (67,0%) oai?eo eiinoaoiaaii o?aaeaiiy noaeia?a. sseui niaaeeiaee
oaeoi? na?aae aeaii? a?oie oai?eo aeyaeaii o 8 (11,6%) niinoa?aaeaiiyo,
oi na?aae iaoe??io?a aac IA — a 10 (29,4%). I?eaeecii eiaeiee ae?oaee
ianoaaeaiee aoa o a?oe? 41-60 ?ie?a. O 52,9% ianoaaeaieo aac IA ? o
43,5% c o?aaeaiiyi noaeia?a aeiaaio?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy neeaaeaea
iiiaae 20 ?ie?a.

A 7 (10,2%) niinoa?aaeaiiyo a?aei?/aii ie?aia?o?eo, a 62 (89,9%) —
iie?a?o?eo. Aeoeai?noue IA ?-ai nooiaith aeyaeaii o 35 (50,7%)
ianoaaeaieo, ??-ai nooiaith — o 24 (34,8%), ???-ai — o 10 (14,5%).
Eie?ii? noaeiae ooyaithaaeeny a iaoieia?/iee i?ioean o 47 (68,1%)
oai?eo, aeenoaeuei? i?aeoaeaiaia? — o 43 (41,8%), aii?eeia? — o 39
(37,9%), i?iiaiaaicai’ynoeia? — o 32 (46,4%), a?oaeieiieeth/e/i? — o 13
(18,8%). Nae?i?ea?o aeyaeaii a 22 (31,9%) aeiaaeeao.

Eiiieaen ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ia ini??ac aoei iiaoaeiaaii ca ee?i?/ieie ?
eaai?aoi?ieie iieacieeaie. I?e ae?aaiinoeoe? IA aeei?enoiaoaaee
?aioaaiieia?/ia oa oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae?aoiaoaaee
?iaeaene ??/? oa Eainao??. Nooi?iue oyaeeino? oa ?iciianthaeaeaiino?
o?aaeaiiy oe??e oa i?aoae ioe?ithaaee ca aaeaie (a?ae 0 aei 4).

Aea/aiiy AeII ne?iaaoee e?ia?, na/? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie aeeiiaii
iaoiaeii iaeneiaeueiiai oeneo a aoeueaaooe?, ui ?aae?ciaaiee a
eiii’thoa?ieo oaic?iiao?ao I?O-1 ? I?O-2 (Lauda, I?ia//eia). ?iciiae?e
?ioa?aaeo i?ae aoeueaaoeaie ia oae caaiee «ia?oaee /an» ? «ia??iae
aeeooy iiaa?oi?» a?oioo?oueny ia ?nioaaii? e?eoe/ii? oi/ee caeaaeiino?
oeneo a?ae aeo?a/aiiy iia?o?y. A oe?e oi/oe? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae
aoeueaaoeiaiai ?aaeeio aeo?eaiiy aaco ?c eai?ey?a aei no?oiaiaaiai.
Ae?aiacii /aniaeo ?ioa?aae?a, ui aiae?coaaeeny, neeaaea? 0,001-100n.
Aaniethoia iioeaea aei??thaaiue II ia ia?aaeuo? 0,5 iI/i, a a?aeiinia a
aeeiai?/ieo oiiaao — iaaaaaoi iaioa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeathoueny o aeaeyae? oaic?ia?ai — e?eaeo
caeaaeiino? aeeiai?/iiai II a?ae /ano aeeooy iiaa?oi? aoeueaaoee (t).
Aeey ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee II a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei ia oaic?ia?aiao
aecia/aee oi/ee, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee t=0,01n (II1) ? t=1n (II2), a oaeiae
??aiiaaaiiiio (noaoe/iiio) II (II3) i?e t ® Y. Ie??i oiai,
i?ae?aoiaoaaee eoo iaoeeo e?eai? (EIE) a eii?aeeiaoao II t-1/2.

Ia?aiao?e i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? e?ia? ni?anoaaeyee c ??aiai a
a?ieia?/i?e ??aeei? ie?aieo a?eeiai-e?i?aeieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo
(no?oaeoaioieo) ? iiaa?oiaai-?iaeoeaieo ?a/iaei. Eiioeaio?aoe?th
caaaeueiiai a?eeo, ?A- G, A, I, OA, Oe?E, ON, a-ON, OA aea/aee ca
aeiiiiiaith a?iaiae?caoi?a «Kone-Progress-Plus» (O?ieyiae?y), a ??aaiue
ie?aieo a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e, e?iii?ioa?ae?a aeniei?, iecueei? oa aeoaea
iecueei? aonoeie — ia aia?ao? «Helena-Process-24» (O?aioe?y). Ai?no
b2-IA aeine?aeaeaii ?aae?i?ioiiei iaoiaeii (iaai?e «??A-b2-i?e?i»,
A?ei?onue).

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo, aea/aiiy aeeiai?/ieo
oaic?ia?ai a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei i?iaiaeeee aei ii/aoeo oa?ai?? oa /a?ac
i?nyoeue.

Iieacieee II ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa na/? ii??aithaaee c aiaeia?/ieie o 68
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae (35 /ieia?e?a ? 33 ae?iie o a?oe? a?ae 15
aei 65 ?ie?a). Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeeiiaii ia
eiii’thoa?? c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oieo iaeao?a i?ia?ai Microsoft
Excel.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaie onoaiiaeaii, ui a on?o a?oiao
oai?eo, ye? no?aaeaeathoue ia ini??ac, iieacieee aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii?
oaic?iiao??? ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny i?aeaeuaiiyi II a cii?
ei?ioeeo /an?a aeeooy iiaa?oi? (i?e t=0,01 nae) ? cieaeaiiyi
??aiiaaaiiiai II. I?e oeueiio c?inoaa EIE oaic?ia?ai. Aeey oe???
eaoaai??? oai?eo noaeiny i?eoaiaiiei ciaioaiiy II2 ? II3 na/? (oaae.2)

Oaaeeoey 2

Iieacieee aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? a?ieia?/ieo

??aeei o oai?eo ia ini??ac oa caei?iaeo (I±m)

A?oie A?iei- Iieacieee II

a?/ia

??aeeia II1

(iI/i) II2

(iI/i) II3

(iI/i) EIE

(iIi—1n1/2)

Oai?? E?ia

Na/a 73,7±0,18*

71,9±0,11 68,3±0,21

67,6±0,32* 56,5±0,64*

58,1±0,67* 16,3±0,71*

13,3±0,64

Caei?ia?

E?ia

Na/a 70,0±0,41

71,5±0,33 67,7±0,35

69,3±0,21 60,0±0,44

61,8±0,36 12,6±0,54

13,5±0,47

I?ei?oea. * A?aei?iiino? i?ae aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie o oai?eo ?
caei?iaeo noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i?.

Ie i?iaiae?coaaee noai aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai a?ieia?/ieo
??aeei i?e ??cieo aa??aioao ia?aa?ao ini??aoe/ii? oai?iae. O oai?eo c
?iciianthaeaeaiei ?io?eueo?aoeaii-oeyieiaei ini??acii ii?ooaiiy II e?ia?
aoee a?eueo nooo?aeie, oea noinoaaeiny ??aiiaaaiiiai II oa EIE
oaic?ia?ai. I?e aoeiiaeo oi?iao ini??aco iieacieee II e?ia? i?aeoe/ii
ia ci?ithaaeenue, aea ca?a?no?iaaii cia/ia ciaioaiiy ia?aiao??a II na/?
a cii? t=1 nae ? t ® Y. I?e iiaeaeuaiii o /ieiaieia II a ciii na?aaeiio
(II2) oa aaeeeeo (II3) /ania aeeooy iiaa?oii iiaeia i/ieoaaoe iioe?aiiy
aeneiia ia oei?i oa/aai iiaieueoaiiy oyaeeinoi o?aaeaiiy iiaoae. O
aeiiie iiaeaeueoa ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue aeneiia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ciiiaiiyi II2 e?iai, a iiaeaeuaiiy oeueiai ia?aiao?o aeeiaii/ii?
oaiciia?aie – iciae o?aaeaiiy iiaoae. ?iciianthaeaeaii?noue oe??yiiai
i?ioeano o ae?iie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iineeaiiyi II2 ? II3 na/?.
Iiaeaeueoa ?iciianthaeaeai?noue aenei?a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi
II e?ia? i?e t=1nae, a i?aeneeaiiy iciae o?aaeaiiy i?aoae – i?aeaeuaiiyi
aeaiiai ia?aiao?o aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?ia?aie.

Oaeei /eiii, ??ci? oi?ie oai?iae i?io?eathoue c iaiaeiicia/ieie ci?iaie
aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei, ui o?aaa
a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? ini??aco ? eiio?ieth ca e?eoaaeueieie
caoiaeaie.

Ioe?iea ia?aiao??a II a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei o /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie, ui
no?aaeaeathoue ia ini??ac, ia? iaaia i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey
ae?aaiinoeee noaeiaiai? iaoieia?? ia ?aii?o aoaiao naiai ?icaeoeo.

Ciaioaiiy ??aiiaaaiiiai II iaio 58,8 iI/i oa ca?eueoaiiy oeiai
iieacieea aeey na/? a?eueo 62,0 iI/i oeaco? ia iiaeeea?noue iiyae
ini??aoe/ii? a?o?iiao?? o oai?eo /ieia?/i? noao?. O oai?eo aac o?aaeaiiy
noaeia?a EIE oaic?ia?aie na/? cia/ii ciaioo?oueny, a e?ia? –
ca?eueoo?oueny, oiae? ye ?icaeoie IA aeeeeea? aaniethoii i?ioeeaaeio
aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a. Ca?eueoaiiy EIE oaic?ia?aie ne?iaaoee (iiiaae 17,1
iIi-1n1/2) oa cieaeaiiy EIE na/? (i?eiaei? 10,4 iIi-1n1/2) ? ua iaeiei
e?eoa???i uiaei ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee noaeiaiai? iaoieia??.

Iathoue i?noea iaai? iniaeeaino? aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai ? o
ae?iie. I?e ini??ac? aac a?o?eoo EIE oaic?ia?ai na/? nooo?ai
cieaeothoueny, a i?e iayaiino? a?o?iiao?? – cia/ii c?inoa?. Aecia/aii,
ui o ae?iie o?ceei-o?i?/iee noai ne?iaaoee e?ia? a iaioiio nooi?i?
?aaao? ia iayai?noue noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio. I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiiaaaiiiai II
(a?eueoa 62,2 iI/i) oa ciaioaiiy EIE oaic?ia?ai na/? (i?eiaei? 13,6
iIi-1n1/2) iaeaaeeoue aei ni?eyoeeaeo iciae o a?aeiioaii? ?icaeoeo
ini??aoe/ii? a?o?iiao??, oiae? ye ciaioaiiy ??aiiaaaiiiai II iaioa 60,0
iI/i ? i?aeaeuaiiy EIE a?eueoa 16,8 iIi-1n1/2 – aei iani?eyoeeaeo. Noai
aeeiai?/ieo oaic?ia?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith aeoeaiino? IA (?en.1).

?en. 1. Ci?ie iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? e?ia? oa
na/? o oai?eo a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy aeoeaiino? IA

(??aaiue ia?aiao??a o caei?iaeo ethaeae i?eeiyoi ca 100%).

I?ei?oea. I — I-e nooi?iue, II — II-e nooi?iue, III — III-e nooi?iue.

C?inoaiiy nooiaith aeoeaiino? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa?aeoa?eco?oueny
ca?eueoaiiyi II ei?ioeeo /an?a aeeooy iiaa?oi? oa EIE oaic?ia?ai e?ia?,
a oaeiae ciaioaiiyi ??aiiaaaiiiai II ne?iaaoee oa na/?. Cai?ioiy
aeeiai?ea ia?a?aoiaaieo iieaciee?a i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? iieaco?
cieaeaiiy nooiaith aeoeaiino? IA.

Aiae?c ei?aeyoe?eieo ca’ce?a i?ae ia?aiao?aie II neai?ioee e?ia? oa na/?
c? nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy oe??e oa i?aoae o oai?eo ia ini??ac iieacaa, ui
??aiiaaaiiee II na/? i?yii caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaith oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy
i?aoae. A a?oiao iaoe??io?a ??cii? noao? iiae?ai? ca’ycee ua ae?aci?o?
(oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii?

oaic?iiao??? a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei c? nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy oe??e

oa i?aoae o oai?eo ia ini??ac ??cii? noao?

A?ieia?/ia Iieac- O?aaeaiiy

??aeeia ieee oe??e i?aoae

II /ie. ae?i. /ie. ae?i.

E?ia II1

II2

II3

EIE +0,05

+0,19

-0,02

-0,01 -0,25

-0,53*

-0,21

+0,05 +0,12

+0,06

-0,04

-0,01 +0,03

+0,72*

+0,60*

-0,07

Na/a II1

II2

II3

EIE -0,17

+0,37*

+0,36*

-0,25 +0,34

-0,03

-0,60*

+0,39* -0,09

+0,51*

+0,48*

-0,28 +0,10

+0,62*

+0,71*

-0,54*

I?ei?oea. * Ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iee.

Ci?ie i?aoae o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie aecia/athoueny na?aaei?i oa
??aiiaaaiiei II na/?, a o ae?iie, ie??i oiai, oae?ae ia?aiao?e
aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai ne?iaaoee e?ia?. ?iciianthaeaeaii?noue
oe??yiiai i?ioeano o /ieia?e?a i?yii ei?aeth? c II2 ? II3 na/?, a o
ae?iie iaa?iaii iia’ycaia c II2 e?ia? ? II3 na/?. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiio, ui i?e i?aeaeuaii? o /ieia?e?a II na/? a
cii? na?aaei?o oa aaeeeeo /an?a aeeooy iiaa?oi? iiaeia i/?eoaaoe
iioe?aiiy aenei?a oe??e oa/aai iia?eueoaiiy oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy i?aoae,
iiaeaeueoa ?iciianthaeaeaii?noue aenei?a o ae?iie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ciaioaiiyi II2 e?ia?, a i?aeneeaiiy iciae o?aaeaiiy i?aoae –
i?aeaeuaiiyi aeaiiai ia?aiao?o aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao???.

?acoeueoaoe ei?aeyoe?eieo c?noaaeaiue oyaeeino? noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio c
iieacieeaie a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei iieacaee, ui oyaee?noue IA o ae?iie
a?aeia?aaea? i?aeaeuaiiy II2 e?ia? oa II3 e?ia? e na/?, iecuee? cia/aiiy
ia?a?aoiaaieo ia?aiao??a iaeaaeaoue aei i?iaiiciaaaoeaieo o a?aeiioai?
noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4

Ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee i?ae iieacieeaie aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii?
oaic?iiao??? a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei ? ia?aiao?aie oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao IA

A?ieia?/ia

??aeeia Iieac-ieee Ia?aiao?e ia?aa?ao

noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio

II ?iaeaen ??/? ?iaeaen Eainao??

/ie. ae?i. /ie. ae?i.

E?ia II1

II2

II3

EIE +0,24

-0,20

+0,07

-0,23 +0,35

+0,82*

+0,61*

-0,12 +0,39*

-0,24

+0,16

-0,34 +0,29

+0,81*

+0,59*

-0,16

Na/a II1

II2

II3

EIE -0,24

-0,05

+0,03

-0,12 -0,21

-0,19

+0,79*

-0,67* -0,20

+0,07

+0,22

-0,26 -0,06

-0,12

+0,66*

-0,56*

I?ei?oea. * Ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iee.

Aea/aiiy AeII neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie o oai?eo ?c IA iieacaei, ui
ia?aiao?e i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai II1 oa EIE aeey neiia?th aoee
iaeiaioeie, oiae? ye II2 ? II3 oe??? a?ieia?/ii? ??aeeie nooo?ai
ia?aaaaeaee iieacieee e?ia? oa na/? (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5

Iieacieee aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? e?ia?,

neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie oa na/? o oai?eo ia IA (I±m)

A?ieia?/ia Iieacieee II

??aeeia II1

(iI/i) II2

(iI/i) II3

(iI/i) EIE

(iIi—1n1/2)

E?ia

Neiia?e

Na/a 73,2±0,43

70,9±0,89

71,8±0,30 68,3±0,33

69,5±1,09

68,1±0,21 55,6±0,45

64,2±1,91

57,9±0,28 17,8±0,61

7,2±1,54

13,2±0,37

Oaeei /eiii, aeeiai?/iee II a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei i?e ini??ac? caeaaeeoue
a?ae noao? oai?eo, ee?i?/iiai aa??aioo ia?aa?aa caoai?thaaiiy,
iayaiino?, oyaeeino? oa aeoeaiino? noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio,
?iciianthaeaeaiino? oe??yieo i?iya?a, nooiaith o?aaeaiiy i?aoae.

Aea/aiiy a?eeiai-e?i?aeieo iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o ne?iaaooe?
e?ia?, eio?? iaee a /eieoe na?e aieea ia noai i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai o
oai?eo ia ini??ac iieacaei (oaae. 6), ui II1 e?ia? ia? iaa?iaiee
ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie ?c ai?noii aeueaoi?i?a, aeoaea aenieee
ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie ia?aiao??a II2 ? II3 ne?iaaoee e?ia? c
eiioeaio?aoe??th ?A-G, noai II1 ii/anoe aecia/a?oueny ??aiai
ne?iaaoi/iiai ?A-A. Caeaaeiino? iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii?
oaic?iiao??? a?ae ai?noo ?A-I a e?ia? e eiioeaio?aoe?? Oe?E ia
a?aei?/aii (oaae. 6). ??aaiue b2-IA aecia/a? II3 e?ia? ? ciaoiaeyoueny o
iaaaoeaiiio ei?aeyoe?eiiio ca’yceo c ia?aiao?aie aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo
oaic?ia?ai, a OA ? N-?aaeoeaiee a?eie iaaiaee c II e?ia? iathoue i?yio
ei?aeyoe?th (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6

Ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao???
ne?iaaoee e?ia? c ??aiai o ia? i?ioa?i?a ? e?i?ae?a

Iieacieee

II1 II2 II3 EIE

Caaaeueiee a?eie

Aeueaoi?ie

a1-aeiaoe?ie

a2-aeiaoe?ie

b-aeiaoe?ie

g-aeiaoe?ie

?ioiiaeiaoe?i G

?ioiiaeiaoe?i A

?ioiiaeiaoe?i I

b2-i?e?iaeiaoe?i

O?a?eiiaai

N-?aaeoeaiee a?eie

Oee?eoethth/? ?ioii? eiiieaene O

?

O

O

O

?

O

?

O

O

O O

O

O

O

O

?

??

O

O

O

O

O O

O

O

?

O

O

???

O

O

?

O

O

O O

O

O

O

O

?

O

O

O

O

O

O

I?ei?oee:

1. — iiceoeaiee ca’ycie, ? — iaaaoeaiee ca’ycie, O — a?aenooi?noue
ca’yceo;

2. Iaeei ciae — r<0,5, aeaa ciaee - r=0,5-0,7, o?e ciaee - r>0,7.

Ia?aiao?e aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? ne?iaaoee e?ia? i?e
ini??ac? u?eueii iia’ycai? c iieacieeaie e?i?aeiiai iai?io (oaae. 6).
Na?aae aea/aieo iieaciee?a o?eueee a-ON ia aieeaa? ia II e?ia?.
??aiiaaaiiee II (II3) aeoaea cia/ii aecia/a?oueny eiioeaio?aoe??th a
ne?iaaooe? caaaeueiiai ON ? EIAA, a II a cii? t=1 nae (II2) — ai?noii
EIAeIA. A iaioiio nooiai? a?ae ??aiae e?i?ae?a e e?iii?ioa?ae?a
caeaaeeoue II i?e t=0,01 nae (II1).

Aea/aiiy aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei a
e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ini??ac i?iaiaeeee aei ii/aoeo oa?ai?? ? /a?ac
i?nyoeue. A i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ciaioo?oueny II1
? EIE i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai ne?iaaoee. Ci?ie ia?aiao??a AeII na/? iaio
nooo?a?, oi/a niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy EIE. Iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie,
ui ia ia?aiao?e II3 e?ia? ? na/? oa ia II2 na/? i?iaaaeaia e?eoaaiiy
ini??aco aoaeue-yeiai aieeao ia ae?? (?en. 2).

?en. 2. Ci?ie iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?iiao??? o oai?eo ia
ini??ac aei ? i?ney e?eoaaiiy

(??aaiue ia?aiao??a o caei?iaeo ethaeae i?eeiyoee ca 100%).

I?ei?oea. I — aei e?eoaaiiy, II — i?ney e?eoaaiiy.

Noai II e?ia? a cii? ei?ioeeo /an?a aeeooy iiaa?oi? o /ieia?e?a
aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy (oaae. 7). Ne?ae
cacia/eoe, ui /ei aeua ii/aoeia? iieacieee II1, oei iiaeia i?eioneaoe
e?auo aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. O ae?iie oaea caeaaei?noue
noino?oueny ia?aiao??a i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai i?e t=1 nae, i?e/iio ia?
i?noea cai?ioi?e ca’ycie — /ei ieae/a aeo?aei? ia?aiao?e II2, oei
aoaeooue e?ioeo?ie ?acoeueoaoe oa?ai??. Ia?aiao? II3 ne?iaaoee e?ia?
aeyaeany aacia?niaeoeaiei aeey i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy.

O ae?iie c ini??acii aac o?aaeaiiy noaeia?a aeyaeaii u?euei? ei?aeyoe??
?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy c ia?aiao?aie aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai
na/?, ui aeicaiey? ?o aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oa?ai?? oai?eo.

Ie a?aeie?aieee ii/aoeia? iieacieee II a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei, eio?? iiaee a
aooe ei?enieie aeey i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ini??ac
(oaae.7).

Oaaeeoey 7

Ci?ie iieaciee?a aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei,
ye? iathoue i?iaiiciiceoeaio ae?th o a?aeiioaii? iiaeaeueoi?
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ini??ac

A?oie oai?eo Iieacieee

· *ieia?ee aac o?aaeaiiy noaeia?a

· *ieia?ee c IA

· AE?iee aac o?aaeaiiy noaeia?a

· AE?iee c IA TH II1 e?ia? >70,7 iI/i

TH II2 e?ia? >68,3 iI/i

TH II1 e?ia? >72,6 iI/i

TH II1 na/? >72,1 iI/i

Oaeei /eiii, caaaeueiiaecia/aia e?eoaaiiy ini??aco aieeaa? ia II1
ne?iaaoee e?ia? oa EIE a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei, iaaeeaeay ?o aei iieaciee?a o
caei?iaeo ethaeae. A oiio oae? iieacieee iiaeooue ni?eyoe eiio?ieth ca
aoaeoeai?noth e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. Ca i?aenoaaith ii/aoeiaeo
ia?aiao??a aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai iiaeia i?iaiicoaaoe
aoaeoeai?noue iiaeaeueoi? oa?ai?? o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie, ui
no?aaeaeathoue ia ini??ac c o?aaeaiiyi noaeia?a ? aac IA.

AENIIAEE

1. Aaee/eie iieacieeia AeII ne?iaaoee e?iai, na/i i neiiaiaeueii?
?iaeeie o oai?eo ia ini?iac caeaaeaoue aiae noaoi oa aieo inia,
niinoa?iaathoueny ei?aeyoeieii ca’ycee iiae ie?aieie ia?aiao?aie
oaiciia?ai, ui aiaeia?aaeothoue eeiii/iee aa?iaio ia?aaiao
caoai?thaaiiy, iayaiinoue oa aeoeai?noue noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio,
?iciianthaeaeaiinoue oei?yieo i?iya, nooiiiue o?aaeaiiy iiaoae.

2. Ia?aiao?e II neiiaiaeueii? ?iaeeie i?yii ei?aeththoue ci noaiii
iiaeoacieo oaiciia?ai ne?iaaoee a ciii ei?ioeeo (II1) i aeiaaeo (II3)
/ania aeeooy iiaa?oii, oiio ca iieacieeaie II ne?iaaoee e?iai iiaeeeai
aaciina?aaeiuei ioeiithaaoe aiioiii/ii oa oiceei-oiii/ii yeinoi
neiiaiaeueiiai na?aaeiaeua noaeiaia o oai?eo ia ini?iac.

3. Ei?aeyoeieii ca’ycee iiae ie?aieie ia?aiao?aie aeeiaii/ii?
oaiciia?aie aiieiai/ieo ?iaeei na?aae iaoei?ioia aac o?aaeaiiy noaeiaia
aieueo uieueii a a?oii /ieiaieia, a i?e a?o?iiaoiyo – a a?oii aeiiie.

4. ?iciianthaeaeaiinoue oei?yiiai i?ioeano o /ieiaieia i?yii ei?aeth? c
iieacieeaie AeII a ciii na?aaeiio oa aaeeeeo /ania aeeooy iiaa?oii (II2
i II3) na/i, o iaoei?ioia aac o?aaeaiiy noaeiaia EIE na/i ciaioo?oueny,
a e?iai caieueoo?oueny, oiaei ye i?e i?e?aeiaiii IA EIE ciiith?oueny
iaaiaee.

5. Iiaeaeuaiiy iieaciee?a II2 ne?iaaoee oa II3 ne?iaaoee i na/i o aeiiie
aiaeia?aaea? oyaeeinoue ia?aaiao IA, a iecueei cia/aiiy ia?a?aoiaaieo
iieaciee?a iaeaaeaoue aei i?iaiiciaaaoeaieo o aiaeiioaiii noaeiaiaiai
neiae?iio. O aeiiie, oai?eo ia ini?iac aac noaeiaiai? iaoieiai?, EIE
oaiciia?aie na/i cieaeo?oueny, a i?e iayai IA – EIE cia/ii c?inoa?.

6. Iieacieee aeeiaii/iiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao o oai?eo ia ini?iac
caeaaeaoue aiae iayaiinoi oa ciiaaiaeiioaiiy i?ioa?iia i eiiiaeia o
aiieiai/ieo ?iaeeiao (a2-aeiaoeii?a, IA, OA, N-?aaeoeaiiai aieea,
caaaeueiiai oieanoa?eio, OA, EIIA, EIAeIA), oa iioeo no?oaeoaioia, yei
c’yaeythoueny oa iaeiie/othoueny iiae /an ?icaeoeo oai?iae.

7. Aecia/aii i?iaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i? ?icaeoeo ini?iaco, oae ciaioaiiy
?iaiiaaaiiiai II3 e?iai iaio 58,8 iI/i oa caieueoaiiy II3 na/i aieueo
62,0 iI/i, caieueoaiiy EIE ne?iaaoee aei 17,1 iIi-1n1/2 oa ciaioaiiy EIE
na/i aei 10,4 iIi-1n1/2 oeaco? ia iiaeeeainoue iiyae IA o /ieiaieia.

8. Aeyaeaii i?iaiinoe/ii e?eoa?i? ia?aaiao ini?iaco: iiaeaeuaiiy
?iaiiaaaiiiai II na/i aieueoa 62,2 iI/i oa ciaioaiiy EIE oaiciia?aie
na/i aei 13,6 iIi-1n1/2 iaeaaeeoue aei ni?eyoeeaeo iciae, oiaei ye
ciaioaiiy II3 aei 60,0 iI/i i iaioa, oa iiaeaeuaiiy EIE aieueoa 16,8
iIi-1n1/2 – na?ae/eoue i?i caaino?aiiy i?ioeano.

9. I?iaiicoaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eieoaaiiy oa eiai eiio?ieue o /ieiaieia
aacothoueny ia noaii II1 e?iai i II2 – o aeiiie, oa EIE aiieiai/ieo
?iaeei.

I?AEOE*II ?AEIIAIAeAOeI?

C?inoaiiy nooiaith aeoeaiinoi IA oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caieueoaiiyi II1 oa
EIE e?iai, a oaeiae ciaioaiiyi II3 ne?iaaoee oa na/i. Cai?ioia aeeiaiiea
ia?a?aoiaaieo iieacieeia iiaeoacii? oaiciiiao?i? iieaco? cieaeaiiy
nooiaith aeoeaiinoi IA i ia? cia/aiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueii?
iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?aii? i eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeaiinoth eieoaaiiy oai?eo.

I?e iiaeaeuaiii o /ieiaieia II a ciii na?aaeiio (II2) oa aaeeeeo (II3)
/ania aeeooy iiaa?oii iiaeia i/ieoaaoe iioe?aiiy aeneiia ia oei?i oa/aai
iiaieueoaiiy oyaeeinoi o?aaeaiiy iiaoae. O aeiiie iiaeaeueoa
?iciianthaeaeaiinoue aeneiia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciiiaiiyi II2 e?iai, a
iiaeaeuaiiy oeueiai ia?aiao?o aeeiaii/ii? oaiciia?aie – iciae o?aaeaiiy
iiaoae. ?iciianthaeaeaii?noue oe??yiiai i?ioeano o ae?iie
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iineeaiiyi II2 ? II3 na/?. Iiaeaeueoa
?iciianthaeaeai?noue aenei?a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ciaioaiiyi II e?ia? i?e
t=1nae, a i?aeneeaiiy iciae o?aaeaiiy i?aoae – i?aeaeuaiiyi aeaiiai
ia?aiao?o ae?iai?/ii? i?aeoacii? oaic?ia?aie.

Noai II e?iai a ciii ei?ioeeo /ania aeeooy iiaa?oii o /ieiaieia
aeicaiey? i?aiicoaaoe aoaeoeaiinoue eieoaaiiy – /ei aeua ii/aoeiai
iieacieee II1, oei iiaeia i?eioneaoe e?auo aoaeoeaiinoue eieoaaiiy. O
aeiiie oaea caeaaeiinoue noino?oueny ia?aiao?ia iiaeoacieo oaiciia?ai
i?e t=1 nae, i?e/iio ia? iinoea cai?ioiee ca’ycie – /ei ieae/a aeoiaeii
ia?aiao?e II2, oei aoaeooue eiioeie ?acoeueoaoe oa?aii?. EIE aiieiai/ieo
?iaeei i?e eieoaaiii ini?iaco iaaeeaea?oueny aei iieacieeia o caei?iaeo
ethaeae. ?iaiiaaaiiee II ne?iaaoee e?iai ? aacia?niaeoeaiei aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy oa?aii? oai?eo ia ini?iac.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. ?iiaiaiei A.I., Oeiiia A.A., Oaa/aiei O.E., Naenooiia E.A., A?ieeiaa
I.A. Iaoiii?oic eiaee aieueiuo ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie e oyaeaeuie oi?iaie
ini?eaca n yaeaieyie a?o?iiaoee i?e eniieueciaaiee oioioeieioa?aiee e
aeia?aa?e/aneie ieneaaiaoeee // Aea?iaoieiaey e aaia?ieiaey. — 1997. —
? 2(4). — N.41-44.

2. Neiy/aiei I.A., Eacaeia A.I., ?iiaiaiei A.I., A?ieeiaa I.A.,
Oaeia?iai A.A., Eaooeeia A.I., Oeuaaiie O.A., Aaoaeeia A.Ae. Ninoiyiea
aeeiaie/aneiai iiaa?oiinoiiai iaoyaeaiey aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?e
ini?eaca n ii?aaeaieai nonoaaia // Aea?iaoieiaey e aaia?ieiaey. — 1998.
— ? 1(5). — N.18-22.

3. ??i?eiaa I.A. Ci?ie aeeiai?/ieo i?aeoacieo oaic?ia?ai ne?iaaoee
e?ia?, na/? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie o oai?eo ia ini??ac // A?o. eeei. e
yenia?. iaae. (i?eeiaeaiea). — 1998. — O.7, ? 7. — N.28-33.

4. A?ieeiaa I.A. *anoioa ini?eaoe/aneiai a?o?eoa o aeeoaeae e?oiiiai
i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia // Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie
iaaeeoeeiu: Nai?iee noaoae. – Aeiiaoee, 1997. – N.32-33.

5. ?iiaiaiei A.I., Naenooiia E.A., A?ieeiaa I.A. Iaoiii?oieiae/aneay
ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia ea/aiey aieueiuo ini?eaoe/aneei a?o?eoii ni/aoaieai
aeia?aa?e/aneie ieneaaiaoeee e IOAA-oa?aiee // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
aea?iaoiaaia?ieiaee: Iao/.-i?aeo. na. noaoae. –
Aeiai?iiao?iane-Oiaeueieoeeee, 1997. – N.45.

6. A?eaeaniaa A.Ae., A?ieeiaa I.A. Aeia?aa?e/aneay ieneaaiaoeey a
eiiieaeniie oa?aiee ini?eaoe/aneiai a?o?eoa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
aea?iaoiaaia?ieiaee: Iao/.-i?aeo. na. noaoae. –
Aeiai?iiao?iane-Oiaeueieoeeee, 1997. – N.92.

7. Naenooiia E.A., A?eaeaniaa A.Ae., A?ieeiaa I.A. Iio?ei e iai?inei a
ea/aiee ini?eaoe/aneiai a?o?eoa // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu
aea?iaoiaaia?ieiaee: Iao/.-i?aeo. na. noaoae. –
Aeiai?iiao?iane-Oiaeueieoeeee, 1997. – N.93.

 8. ?iiaiaiei A.I., A?ieeiaa I.A. Ini?eac: eeeieei-noaoenoe/aneee aiaeec
830 aieueiuo // Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy aea?iaoiaaia?ieia??: Iaoe.-i?aeoe/.
ca. noaoae. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — Aei. 11. — n.17-19.

9.  A?ieeiaa I.A. Iaaeoaciay oaiceiiao?ey aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?e
ini?eaca // Iaoe.-i?aeoe/. ca. noaoae «Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
aea?iaoiaaia?ieia??». – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998. — Aei. 11. — n.120-122.

10. A?ieeiaa I.A., *a?iee O.A. Eniieueciaaiea iaaieoiiai iiey a
eiiieaeniii ea/aiee ini?eaoe/aneeo a?o?eoia (IA) // Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu iaaeeoeeiu Aeiiaanna: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. – Aeiiaoee, 1996.
– N.48.

AIIOAOe?ss

??i?eiaa I.A. Ee?i?/ia cia/aiiy aeeiai?/iiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao
a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei o oai?eo ia ini??ac. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.20 – oe??i? oa aaia?e/i? oai?iae. –
Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aea?iaoieia?? oa aaia?ieia??,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aea/aiith aeeiai?/iiai iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao
(AeII) a?ieia?/ieo ??aeei (ne?iaaoee e?ia?, na/? oa neiia?aeueii?
??aeeie) ca aeiiiiiaith eiiiuethoa?ieo oaic?iiao??a I?O-1 ? I?O-2
(Lauda, I?ia//eia) o oai?eo ia ini??ac i?e ??cieo aa??aioao ia?aa?ao
aea?iaoico. Onoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue aaee/ei ia?aiao??a AeII a?ieia?/ieo
??aeei a?ae noao? oai?eo, ee?i?/iiai aa??aioo ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy,
iayaiino?, oyaeeino? oa aeoeaiino? noaeiaiaiai neiae?iio,
?iciianthaeaeaiino? oe??yieo i?iya, nooiaith o?aaeaiiy i?aoae.
Onoaiiaeai? ei?aeyoe?ei? ca’ycee ia?aiao??a AeII c a?eeiai-e?i?aeieie
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeaieie ?a/iaeiaie ne?iaaoee e?ia?. Ia i?aenoaa? aaee/ei
iieaciee?a AeII ?ic?iaeai? aeeoa?aioe?eii-i?iaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ?icaeoeo
oa ia?aa?ao ini??aco. Aecia/ai? iieacieee AeII aeey eiio?ieth ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iiaeaeueoi? oa?ai?? o /ieia?e?a ? aeeiie, ui
no?aaeaeathoue ia ini??ac c o?aaeaiiyi noaeia?a ? aac ini??aoe/iiai
a?o?eoo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeiai?/iee iiaa?oiaaee iaoya, a?ieia?/i? ??aeeie,
iiaa?oiaai-aeoeai? ?a/iaeie, ini??ac, ini??aoe/iee a?o?eo.

AIIIOAOeEss

A?ieeiaa I.A. Eeeie/aneia cia/aiea aeeiaie/aneiai iiaa?oiinoiiai
iaoyaeaiey aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae o aieueiuo ini?eacii. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.20 – eiaeiua e aaia?e/aneea aieacie. –
Oe?aeineee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo aea?iaoieiaee e
aaia?ieiaee, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aeeiaie/aneiai iiaa?oiinoiiai
iaoyaeaiey (AeII) aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae (nuai?ioee e?iae, ii/e e
neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe) n iiiiuueth eiiiuethoa?iuo oaiceiiao?ia I?O-1
e I?O-2 (Lauda, Aa?iaiey) o aieueiuo ini?eacii. Iiae iaaethaeaieai
iaoiaeeeinue 103 aieueiuo n ?acee/iuie oi?iaie oa/aiey ini?eaca, n?aaee
eioi?uo auei 75 ioae/ei e 28 aeaiuei a aic?anoa io 18 aei 89 eao, n
aeeeoaeueiinoueth caaieaaaiey io 1 aiaea aei 35 eao. Eiiieaen
ianeaaeiaaiey aue iino?iai ia eeeie/aneeo e eaai?aoi?iuo iieacaoaeyo.
Eco/aiea AeII aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?iaiaeeeinue iaoiaeii
iaeneiaeueiiai aeaaeaiey a iocu?ueea ia eiiiuethoa?iuo oaiceiiao?ao
I?O-1 e I?O-2, aeeaiacii aiaeece?oaiuo a?aiaiiuo eioa?aaeia ninoaaee
0,01-100n. Aeey eioaa?aeueiie ioeaiee II aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae ia
oaiceia?aiiao (e?eauo caaeneiinoe AeII io a?aiaie aeecie iiaa?oiinoe
iocu?ueea) ii?aaeaeyee oi/ee, eioi?ua ioaa/aee t=0,01c (II1), t=1c (II2)
e ?aaiiaaniiio II i?e t ® Y, e?iia oiai, iiaen/eouaaeny oaie iaeeiia
e?eaie (OIE) a eii?aeeiaoao II t-1/2. Ia?aiao?u iaaeoaciie oaiceiiao?ee
nuai?ioee e?iae niiinoaaeyee n o?iaiai niaea?aeaiey a iae ioaeaeueiuo
aaeeiai-eeieaeiuo iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiuo (no?oaeoaioiuo) e
iiaa?oiinoii-eiaeoeaiuo aauanoa. Eiioeaio?aoeeth iauaai aaeea, EA-G, A,
I, OA, OeEE, ON, a-ON, OA eco/aee i?e iiiiue aeiaiaeecaoi?a
«Kone-Progress-Plus» (Oeieyiaeey), a o?iaaiue ioaeaeueiuo aaeeiauo
o?aeoeee, eeiii?ioaeaeia aunieie, ieceie e i/aiue ieceie ieioiinoe — ia
aiia?aoa «Helena-Process-24» (O?aioeey). Niaea?aeaiea b2-IA
enneaaeiaaeinue ?aaeeieiioiiui iaoiaeii (iaai?u «?EA-b2-iee?i»,
Aaea?onue). Aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey aieueiuo, eco/aiea
aeeiaie/aneeo oaiceia?aii aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?iaiaeeee aei
ia/aea oa?aiee e /a?ac ianyoe. Iieacaoaee II nuai?ioee e?iae e ii/e
n?aaieaaee n aiaeiae/iuie o 68 i?aeoe/anee caei?iauo ethaeae (35 ioae/ei
e 33 aeaiuei a aic?anoa io 15 aei 65 eao).

Aiaeec ninoiyiey aeeiaie/aneeo iaaeoaciuo oaiceia?aii aeieiae/aneeo
aeeaeeinoae i?e ?acee/iuo aa?eaioao oa/aiey ini?eaca aeae aiciiaeiinoue
ii?aaeaeeoue iieacaoaee II, i?eaiaeiua aeey aeeaaiinoeee, ioeaiee
yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey e i?iaiice?iaaiey oa/aiey caaieaaaiey.
Enneaaeiaaiea ?acee/iuo iieacaoaeae AeII aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae o
aieueiuo ini?eacii iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue caaeneiinoue aaee/ei eco/aaiuo
ia?aiao?ia AeII io iiea e aic?anoa iaoeeaioia, eeeie/aneiai aa?eaioa
oa/aiey caaieaaaiey, iaee/ey, oyaeanoe e aeoeaiinoe nonoaaiiai
neiae?iia, ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe eiaeiuo i?iyaeaiee e noaiaie ii?aaeaiey
iiaoae. Ii?aaeaeaiu aaee/eiu ia?aiao?ia aeeiaie/aneie iaaeoaciie
oaiceiiao?ee aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae i?e ?acee/iuo oi?iao e
eeeieei-eaai?aoi?iuo aa?eaioao oa/aiey ini?eaca. ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoue
eiaeiiai i?ioeanna o ioae/ei eiaao i?yioth ei??aeyoeeiiioth caaeneiinoue
n iieacaoaeyie AeII II2 e II3 ii/e, o iaoeeaioia aac ii?aaeaiey nonoaaia
OIE ii/e oiaiueoaaony, a OIE e?iae oaaee/eaaaony, oiaaea eae i?e
i?eniaaeeiaiee IA OIE aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae eciaiyaony iaiai?io.
Iiauoaiea II2 nuai?ioee e II3 nuai?ioee e ii/e o aeaiuei io?aaeaao
oyaeanoue oa/aiey IA, a ieceea cia/aiey ia?a/eneaiiuo ia?aiao?ia
ioiinyony e i?iaiiciaaaoeaiui a ioiioaiee nonoaaiiai neiae?iia. O
aeaiuei, no?aaeathueo ini?eacii aac nonoaaiie iaoieiaee, OIE
oaiceia?aiiu ii/e nieaeaaony, a i?e iiyaeaiee IA – OIE cia/eoaeueii
oaaee/eaaaony. Eco/aiea ia?aiao?ia II neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe e
i?iaaaeaiea ei??aeyoeeiiie caaeneiinoe n iieacaoaeyie II nuai?ioee
e?iae iieacaei, /oi o aieueiuo ini?eacii ii ia?aiao?ai iaaeoaciuo
oaiceia?aii iiaeii iaiin?aaenoaaiii ioeaieaaoue aeioeie/aneea e
oeceei-oeie/aneea ea/anoaa neiiaeaeueiiai niaea?aeeiiai. Onoaiiaeaii
aeeyiea eiioeaio?aoeee iauaai aaeea e aai o?aeoeee, EA, b2-IA, OA, OI,
OeEE, ON, OA, eeiii?ioaeaeia aunieie, ieceie e i/aiue ieceie ieioiinoe
ia ninoiyiea AeII nuai?ioee e?iae o aieueiuo ini?eacii. Ia iniiaaiee
aaee/ei iieacaoaeae AeII aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae ?ac?aaioaiu
aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-i?iaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee ?acaeoey e oa/aiey ini?eaca,
oae oiaiueoaiea ?aaiiaaniiai II3 nuai?ioee e?iae iaiueoa 58,8 iI/i e
oaaee/aiea II3 ii/e aieueoa 62,0 iI/i, oaaee/aiea OIE nuai?ioee aei 17,1
iIi-1n1/2 e oiaiueoaiea OIE ii/e aei 10,4 iIi-1n1/2 oeacuaaao ia
aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeoey IA o ioae/ei. I?iaiinoe/aneea e?eoa?ee oa/aiey
ini?eaca eiatho neaaeothuoth caaeneiinoue: iiauoaiea aaee/eiu iieacaoaey
II3 ii/e aieueoa 62,2 iI/i e oiaiueoaiea OIE oaiceia?aiiu ii/e aei 13,6
iIi-1n1/2 ioiineony e aeaaii?eyoiui i?eciaeai, oiaaea eae oiaiueoaiea
II3 aei 60,0 iI/i e iaiueoa, e oaaee/aiea OIE aieueoa 16,8 iIi-1n1/2
ioiineony e iaaeaaii?eyoiui. Ii?aaeaeaiu iieacaoaee AeII aeey eiio?iey e
i?iaiice?iaaiey yooaeoeaiinoe aeaeueiaeoae oa?aiee o ioae/ei e aeaiuei,
no?aaeathueo ini?eacii n ii?aaeaieai nonoaaia e aac IA. I?iaiice?iaaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey e aai eiio?ieue o ioae/ei iniiauaaaony ia
ninoiyiee ia?aiao?a II1 nuai?ioee e?iae – /ai auoa ia/aeueiua iieacaoaee
II1, oai aeiioneaaony eo/oay yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey. O aeaiuei oaeay
caaeneiinoue ioiinoeny e ia?aiao?o II2 nuai?ioee e?iae, i?e yoii eiaao
ianoi ia?aoiay naycue — /ai ieaea aaee/eia enoiaeiuo ia?aiao?ia, oai
eo/oeie aoaeoo ?acoeueoaou oa?aiee. O?iaaiue OIE nuai?ioee e?iae e ii/e
i?e ea/aiee ini?eaca i?eaeeaeaaony e iieacaoaeyi caei?iauo ethaeae.
Ii?aaeaeaiu ia/aeueiua aaee/eiu iieacaoaeae aeieiae/aneeo aeeaeeinoae,
eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu i?e ea/aiee aieueiuo ini?eacii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeiaie/aneia iiaa?oiinoiia iaoyaeaiea, aeieiae/aneea
aeeaeeinoe, iiaa?oiinoii-aeoeaiua aauanoaa, ini?eac, ini?eaoe/aneee
a?o?eo.

ABSTRACT

Ermilova N.V. The Clinical Value of Dynamic Surface Tension of
Biological Liquids in Patients with Psoriasis. – Manuscript.

Thesis for the Degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences in Speciality
14.01.20 – Skin and Venereal Diseases. – The Ukrainian
Scientific-Research Institute of Dermatology and Venerology, Kharkov,
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the study of dynamic surface tension
(DST) of biological liquids (blood serum, urine, synovial liquid) in
patients with psoriasis using computerized tensiometers MRT-1 and MRT-2
(Lauda, Germany). DST of biological liquids was studied under various
variants of psoriasis course. The dependence of DST parameter values of
biological liquids on the patient’s gender, clinical variant of the
disease, presence of skin manifestations, nail lesion degree was
determined. A correlation between DST parameters and protein-lipid
surfactants of the blood serum was found. On the basis of DST values
differential-prognostic criteria of the development and course of
psoriasis were worked out. The DST indices used to control and
prognosticate the efficacy of further therapy in women and men suffering
from psoriasis with joint lesions and without psoriatic arthritis were
defined.

Key words: dynamic surface tension, biological liquids, surfactants,
psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o iiaeyeo aeieoi?o iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?ia?,
aeaaeai?eia? AI Aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/o eaoaae?e i?iiaaeaaoeee
aioo??oi?o oai?ia Aeiiaoeueeiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Neiy/aieo Ieaao
Aieiaeeie?iae/o ca aeiiiiiao o aeeiiaii? oaic?iiao?e/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

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