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OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Aa?eianueeee Aeieo?i ?aaaiiae/

OAeE: 618.3-06: 618.5-089.888.61]: 618.33/36-008.64

EE?I?*IA OA IA?AEE?I?*IA IOe?IEA NOAIO OAOIIEAOeAIOA?IIAI EIIIEAENO O
AAA?OIEO C ?OAOeAI IA IAOOe?

I?NEss EANA?NUeEIAI ?ICOEIO

14.01.01 – aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AEa?eeo Aiaoie?e
Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ua?aeia Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? ?1 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ai?ii?i Ei?iae?e Aaeaioeiiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII
Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?eaiiy

iaoeiaeo i?iaeai iaaeiiooaaiiy aaa?oiino?, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “___14___” ____01_____ 1999 ?. i _1330_____
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.01 i?e
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (310022, i. Oa?e?a,
i?. Eai?ia, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “___9____” ______12___________ 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.I. Oaiueei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooeuei?noue oaie. Iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e no/aniiai
aeooa?noaa ? cia/ia /anoioa iia?aoe?? eana?nueeiai ?icoeio (E?),
aeei?enoaiiy yei? aeicaiey? ae?ieai iaoe aeeoeio oa cia/ii iie?ioeoe ??
noai i?e ia?iaeaeaii? i?e iecoe? aeooa?nueeeo oneeaaeiaiue,
a?iaeieia?/ieo oa aeno?aaai?oaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo (A.?.
E?aniiiieueneee, 1997; A.E. Noaiaie?anueea, 1994; I.O. Ieoaeeaiei,
1994). Ca inoaii? 20 ?ie?a /anoioa E? ia Oe?a?i? aeinyaea 10,0-20,0%, a
e?a?iao Cao?aeii? ?a?iie – 16,7% , a NOA – 28,7% (A.ss. Aieioa,
A.?. Eyeueeeia, 1989; D.C.Jr. Lagrew et al., 1996; R.H. Paul et al.,
1995; E.M. Wall, 1995; P.M. Elferink-Stinkens et al., 1995; Z. Banaczek
et al., 1995; L.S. Sperling et al., 1994). A ?acoeueoao? oe???
oaiaeaioe?? ia?aae aeooa?aie-a?iaeieiaaie iinoaaeaia iaeia ?c neeaaeieo
caaea/ – ?aoe?iiaeueiee iaaeyae ca ia?aa?aii aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o
ae?iie c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?.

I?ney ia?aianaiiai E? i?eaeecii 30,0% ae?iie ieaiothoue ia iaeaooia iaoe
ae?oae (A.?. E?aniiiieueneee, 1997; A.I. No?eaeaeia, A.A. Eaaaae?a,
1991), a ?c caaaeueiie e?eueeino? aaa?oieo – o eiaeii? 25-? a aiaiiac?
ia? i?noea aeac?aea ia ia?aianaiee a ieioeiio E? (I.A. Ianeieia, 1989).
Iacaaaeath/e ia ia?aaaao iia?aoe?? E? a aeayeeo aeooa?nueeeo neooaoe?yo,
aiia caeeoa?oueny iaaacia/iei ao?o/aiiyi ?ieiee c i?neyiia?aoe?eieie
oneeaaeiaiiyie oa iani?eyoeeaeie a?aeaeaeaieie ci?iaie a i?aai?ci?
ae?iee (E.A. Oeiioaiei, 1994; A.?. Aeeiia, A.A. Aa?ai/aiei, A.A.
Ii?icia, 1989; A.I. Eica/aiei, 1979; C.T. Cisse et al., 1995; H Morris,
1995; A. Libombo et al. 1995; R.W Naef 3rd. et al., 1995). Iaoieia?/iee
neiioiiieiiieaen, noi?iiaaiee i?ney E?, /eieoue iaaaoeaiee aieea ia
ia?aa?a ianooiii? aaa?oiino? o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo ae?iie. ?oaaoeue ia
iaooe? i?ney ia?aianaiiai E? ci?ith? noai i?iiao??th oa iaoiiaeth?
?icaeoie a iueiio aeaaaia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a, eio?? i?ecaiaeyoue aei
ii?ooaiue iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiia?ao oa iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
noai oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno (OIE) oa iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai (A.?.
E?aniiiieueneee, 1997; N.A. No??eeiaa ? ni?aaao., 1995; Iaa Aeiaeaia
Naeanoeii, 1992; A.A. Iiai??eiaa, I.A. Aeaoeueea, 1989; A.I. Aoiaaea?aa,
1989; A.I. Aea??aa?aa, A.I. Aae?inueea, 1989; I.A. Ianeieia, A.A.
Ao?aeiaa, 1987). Iniiaiee iai?yiie iiia?aaei?o aeine?aeaeaiue aoa
ni?yiiaaiee ia anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae noaiii OIE oa ?oaoey ia iaooe?,
a oaeiae c eieae?caoe??th ieaoeaioe (I.A. Ianeieia, 1989; A.I.
Aea??aa?aa, 1988; A.A. Aoaian’?a, 1987; ?.N. Iaooaoa?e?, 1985; I.N.
Aaa?eeiaa, 1984; A.A. Eoeai/??aa, 1972). I?iaaaeaiiy ee?i?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiue o?eueee c ii/aoeo 3-ai o?eiano?o aanoaoe?? aeicaieyei
eeoa eiinoaooaaoe aaea noi?iiaai? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie a OIE, a i?iaaaeaiiy
e?eoaaiiy aeiiiiiaaei noaa?e?coaaoe oe? i?ioeane.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy ee?i?/ieo iniaeeainoae
ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? i?ney E?, ii/eiath/e c ?aii?o no?ie?a aanoaoe??, c
oaeineiiaeaiiyi iaoiae?a aeiee?i?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee iaoieia?? OIE, ui
aeicaieeoue iioei?coaaoe no?iee i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca a?aee?eoei ieaiii: iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? oaie
01.96.U13914, oeo? Ei. 14.01.01.96.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: iioei?caoe?y oaeoeee iaaeyaeo aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia
iaooe? i?ney eana?nueeiai ?icoeio ia iniia? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee noaio
oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno oa oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a
aeeniaina??caoe?? oe??? a?oie aenieiai ?eceeo.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

– aea/eoe ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a aaa?oiino?, iieia?a oa ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? ieiaeo aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?, a oaeiae
iaoai?cie aaeaioaoe?? ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a ?aiiueiio iaiiaoaeueiiio
ia??iae?;

– aeaoe ioe?ieo ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio OIE ca aeiiiiiaith
?aae?i?ioiieia?/iiai aecia/aiiy eiai ai?iiiaeueiiai i?io?eth,
oeueo?acaoeiaiai neaioaaiiy, aioaiaoaeueiiai iii?oi??iao na?oeaai?
ae?yeueiino? ieiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ia;

– aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? iai?io ?a/iaei aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo aaa?oieo ca
aeiiiiiaith ne??i?ia-oano?a c na/ith aaa?oieo;

– i?iaiae?coaaoe aieea iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ia noai OIE oa
iioei?coaaoe oaeoeeo iaaeyaeo aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

– aea/aii ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo
aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E? (c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao oneeaaeiaiue
aaa?oiino?) oa i?e iayaiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia??, oaeiae aeaia
ioe?iea ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ?o OIE, ii/eiath/e c 1-ai
o?eiano?o aaa?oiino?;

– eiinoaoiaaii ii/aoie ?icaeoeo iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a OIE aaa?oieo c
?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E? c ia??iaeo i?aeaoe?? oa ieaoeaioaoe?? i?ae
aieeaii ?oaoey ia iaooe? oa ci?iaii? no?oeoo?e i?iiao??th, c
iine?aeoth/ei ii?ooaiiyi ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio OIE oa o?ce/iiai
?icaeoeo ieiaeo aaea a 1-e iieiaei? aaa?oiino?;

– ooi/iai? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoiniaieo ?aaeoe?e a
OIE aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?;

– aecia/aii, ui iacaeaaeii a?ae iayaiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? oa//e
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? i?e aaa?oiino? c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? aeieeathoue
ii?ooaiiy oi?ioaaiiy OIE o aeaeyae? a?iiieac?? ieaoeaioe oa aiiiae?e ??
?icoaooaaiiy;

– ooi/iai? i?e/eie ?icaeoeo o?ii?/ii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?
(OOII) o niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo ae?iie c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E? i?e
iayaiino? iaoieia?? aaa?oiino?;

– aeaia ioe?iea noaio OIE o aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E? i?e
iayaiino? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? oa anoaiiaeaia ?ieue ?oaoey ia
iaooe? a ?icaeoeo OOII;

– aeieacaii iiceoeaiee aieea i?noeaaeo oaeoi??a naiaoi?iiai
icaei?iaeaiiy ia OIE aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

– aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ooieoe?ioaaiiy OIE o aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe?
a caeaaeiino? a?ae iayaiino? oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino? oa//e
aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? aeicaieeee iioei?coaaoe oaeoeeo iaaeyaeo
aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo aaa?oieo;

– ii?ooaiiy ia??iaeo aaeaioaoe?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaoa??a c ?oaoeai ia
iaooe? i?ney E? iaiao?aeii o?aoiaoaaoe i?e aeai?? oaeoeee iaaeyaeo ca
ieie oa a ?ic?iaoe? ieaio e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. Aeaiee
eiioeiaaio aaa?oieo iiaeiai aooe aeeth/aiei a a?oio ?eceeo ii
ia?eiaoaeuei?e caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino?;

– naiaoi?ia icaei?iaeaiiy iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia ye ?aaa?e?oaoe?eia
/anoeia eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a o aaa?oieo c
?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney E?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o ?iaioo iieiaiaiaeiiii?aeieo
caeeaae?a i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, Noie, Caii??aeaey, naiaoi??th
“Aaeeeee Eoa” (i. Caii??aeaey).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. I?iaaaeaii niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ia?aa?aii
aaa?oiino? o ianoaaeaieo ae?iie, cae?eniaii aioaiaoaeueiee iaaeyae ca
ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii ieiaeo (oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy,
ea?ae?ioieia?ao?y c aeei?enoaiiyi ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ia) oa aeaoaeueiee
aiae?c noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. I?eeiyoi o/anoue a iia?aoe?? iiaoi?iiai
E? o /anoeie aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? oa eiina?aaoeaii ?ic?iaeaeaii
/anoea aaa?oieo eiio?ieueii? a?oie. I?eeiaa o/anoue o i?iaaaeaii?
?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Noaoenoe/ii ia?iaea oa ?ioa?i?aooaaa
iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe, c?iaea aeniiaee ? ?ic?iaea i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??. C?iaea iniiaiee aianie a i?aeaioiaoe? iaoeiaeo aeaieo
aei ioae?eaoe?? ? aeiiia?aeae ?o ia eiioa?aioe?yo ? c’?caeao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia nai?ia?? aeey e?ea??a aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a
Caii??cueei? iaeano? “I?iaeaii? ieoaiiy aeooa?noaa oa aeiaeieia??”
(Caii??aeaey, 1995), ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo Oe?a?ie “Aeooaeuei?
ieoaiiy aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??” (A?iieoey, 1995), ia O c’ucae?
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1996), ia eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
a/aieo-iaaeee?a Caii??cueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a oa
Caii??cueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (Caii??aeaey, 1997),
ia ?-io iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? o?c?ioa?aiaao?a oa eo?i?oieia?a Oe?a?ie
“O?ce/i? /eiieee a iaaee/i?e ?aaa?e?oaoe??” (Oi?eueiee, 1998), ia ??-e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? Anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie
“Eana?nueeee ?icoei a no/aniiio aeooa?noa?” (?aiaoi??y, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo: 3 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 9 – o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, 2 – o oacao aeiiia?aeae eiioa?aioe?? oa c’?caea
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 183 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, ?ethno?iaaia 11 iaethieaie ? 41 oaaeeoeyie, ye? caeiathoue
44 noi??iee. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, 5 ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo
e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 181 iaeiaioaaiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue aea/aii ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? o 108 aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe?
i?ney E?, a oaeiae noai ?o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia i?ioyc? ?aiiueiai
iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. I?ae /an ee?i?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aeae?eaii 4
a?oie: 1-a – 28 niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney
E? c iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii iei?oiuei? aaa?oiino? (aac o?aooaaiiy
noaio ?oaoey ia iaooe?); 2-a – 38 niiaoe/ii caei?iaeo aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai
ia iaooe? i?ney E? c oneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii iei?oiuei? aaa?oiino? (aac
o?aooaaiiy noaio ?oaoey ia iaooe?); 3-y – 27 aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia
iaooe? i?ney E? c iayai?noth aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? a noaae??
eiiiainaoe??; 4-a – naiaoi?ia a?oia (15 aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe?
i?ney E?, eio?ei i?iaaaeaii naiaoi?ia icaei?iaeaiiy a oiiaao
a?aeae?eaiiy icaei?iaeaiiy aaa?oieo naiaoi??th “Aaeeeee Eoa”
i. Caii??aeaey). Aiae?co?i? a?oie ia iaee a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? a /anoio?
iani?iiiaeiino? ?oaoey ia iaooe?. Eiio?ieueio a?oio neeaee 33 niiaoe/ii
caei?ia? aaa?oi? aac cacia/aiue ia iayai?noue E? a aiaiiac?.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai OIE aea/aee ca aeiiiiiaith ciai?oiuei?
ea?ae?ioieia?ao?? (EOA) ia oaoaeueiiio a?iiii?oi?? “AIO-9141”
(I?ia//eia) a oiiaao iano?aniaiai oa ooieoe?iiaeueiiai (?c cao?eieith
aeeoaiiy ia aeaeeoo) oano?a c ianooiiith ioe?ieith ca iaoiaeeeith
I.A. Ianeieiaa ? ni?aaao. (1987), aeei?enoiaoth/e 50-oe aaeueio oeaeo.

Aioaiaeueiee ?icaeoie ieiaeo eiio?iethaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
oeueo?acaoeiaiai (OC) neaioaaiiy ia aia?ao? “Sonoline SL-1” (Siemens,
I?ia//eia), aeeiioaaee iioe?aio a?iiao??th ieiaeo (?.TH. Ai?ae??iei,
1992; A.I. No?eaeaeia ? ni?aaao., 1990) c aecia/aiiyi ae?aaiinoe/ieo
eiao?oe??io?a i?aiaoaeueii? a?iio?io?? (IA) (E.A. Iaca?aiei, 1992). OC
ieaoeaioia?ao?th oa -iao??th i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith I. ss. A?a/ai?ii?
oa ni?aaao. (1987).

Aea/aiiy ai?iiiaeueii? ooieoe?? OIE aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? i?ney
E? cae?enithaaee, ii/eiath/e c 5-6 oeaeiy aanoaoe??, ia iniia? aea/aiiy
ai?noo oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io (OA), ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (IE)
oa ano??ieo (A3) ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei iaoiaeii a ne?iaaooe? e?ia?
aaa?oieo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy ai?iii?a cae?enithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
noaiaea?oieo iaai??a ?aaeoea?a “?EA-OA/” (Neiaai?y), “?EI-IE-125?” e
“?EI-A3-125?” (?anioae?ea A?ei?onue). A ?ioa?aae? 5-16 oeaei?a aea/aee
??aaiue OA oa IE, a a a?eueo i?ci? no?iee – ai?no IE oa A3.

Aeey ioe?iee iai?iieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? aaa?oieo aeei?enoaii ?yae
ye?nieo ne??i?ia-oano?a c ?o ?aieiaith na/ith, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeyaeaiiy
ii?ooaiue iai?io ?a/iaei oa aeeiiaieo a aeeiai?oe? aaa?oiino?, ii/eiay c
16 oeaeiy (I.A. Aaca?iiaa ? ni?aaao., 1991; A.A. Iaiueoeeia ? ni?aaao.,
1987). Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a a?io?i?/i?e eaai?aoi???
Oa?uee?anueeiai ?aa?iiaeueiiai iaaeeei-aaiaoe/iiai oeaio?o (caa.
oeaio?ii – i?io., ae.i.i. I.ss. A?a/ai?ia). Ne??i?ia-oanoe aeeth/aee
aecia/aiiy: eaoieeneio a ?aaeoe?? c 10,0% ?ic/eiii oei??aeo cae?ca oa c
2,4-ae?i?o?ioai?ea?ae?aeaceiii (2,4-AeIOA); eaoiiiaeo o?e a ?aaeoe??
Eaaaey; ?iaeeeaio??? a ?aaeoe?? Iaa?iae?a; eaeueoe?o??? a ?aaeoe??
Noeeiae/a; oei?eae?a ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?aaeoe?? Iaioona; o?oeoico???
(?aaeoe?y Nae?aaiiaa); aetheico??? (?aaeoe?y Aeueoaaocaia); i?ie?ia oa
?ioeo ai?iieeneio; anoaiiaeaiiy iayaiino? aiiiaaioeceiiai? eeneioe;
eeneioiino? na/?.

Ii?oiiao?e/i? oa a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaoeaioe i?iaiaeeee c
a?aooaaiiyi iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e O.Ae. Caaei?iaeii? ? ni?aaao.
(1985).

I?e ioe?ioe? noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?e ia?iaeaeaii? oa ia i?ioyc?
?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo aeio?eioaaeenue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e A.E.
A?a/aiue ? ni?aaao. (1992), A.A. Ai?y/aaa (1990).

Naiaoi?ia icaei?iaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii 15 aaa?oiei c ?oaoeai ia iaooe? o
ae?oaiio-ia ii/aoeo o?aoueiai o?eiano?o aaa?oiino? ia i?ioyc? 24 aei?a
ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie E.A. Aooiai ? ni?aaao. (1991): ?aoe?iiaeueia
oa?/oaaiiy, ee?iaoioa?ai?y, aeiciaaia e?eoaaeueia oiaeueaa, aooiaaiia
o?aioaaiiy, ineoioa?ai?y, oeueo?ao?ieaoiaa ii?ii?iaiiy, eeniaoa?ai?y,
o?oioa?ai?y, o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/i? iaoiaee.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a ee?i?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia c
aeei?enoaiiyi ia?aiao?e/ieo (e?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa) oa iaia?aiao?e/ieo
iaoiae?a aiae?co (-eaaae?ao, oi/iee iaoiae O?oa?a), ?aa?aneaiiai aiae?co
ca aeiiiiiaith noaiaea?oieo i?ia?ai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co Microsoft
Excel 5.0.

?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?e ee?i?/iiio
aiae?c? ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? o ae?iie aiae?co?ieo a?oi aecia/ai? /anoioa
oneeaaeiaiue aaa?oiino?, no?ie ?o aeieeiaiiy oa o?eaae?noue, a oaeiae
/anoioa iieacaiue aei iia?aoeaiiai ?iaei?ic?iaeaeaiiy aaa?oieo c ?oaoeai
ia iaooe? i?ney E? (oaae. 1, oaae. 2). Aei no?ieo iieia?a ee?i?/i?
iciaee OOII niinoa??aaee o 17,86% aaa?oieo 1-i? a?oie oa o 15,15%
iaoeeaio?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?>0,05) i?e aeii?ioaaii? ?o /anoioe a 2-e
oa 3-e a?oiao: 50,0% oa 44,44% (a?aeiia?aeii ?

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