2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IAss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE ?i.I.E.OOIEEA

AIAIAA IA?EIA AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 618.5 – 089.888.61:616 – 071.1

EANA??A ?ICOEI O AE?IIE C

IAIE?AeI?NOTH A AIAIIAC?

14.01.01 — aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a– 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia??
Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie

IAOEIAEE EA??AIEE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaeiae/aiei TH??e Iao?iae/,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa, a?iaeieia?? oa ia?eiaoieia?? Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe IIC Oe?a?ie

IO?Oe?EI? IIIIAIOE:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eieii?eoeaaa Aioii?ia Aai?a??aia,
ea??aiee a?aeae?eaiiyi iaoieia?? aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aaioeeianueeee Ai?en Ieoaeeiae/,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.aeaae.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie.

I?IA?AeIA ONOAIIAA:

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “12 ” _eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo

i _11_ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.02
i?e Ee?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea
IIC Oe?a?ie (254112, i.Ee?a, aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie (254112,
i.Ee?a, aoe.Aei?iaiaeeoeueea,9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_11_” _aeiaoiy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaicaeye I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaei??th c aieiaieo caaea/ no/aniiai aeooa?noaa ?
noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia aeey cae?eniaiiy ae?ieith ooieoe??
iaoa?einoaa, a oaeiae caa?aaeaiiy aaa?oiino? ? caaacia/aiiy ia?iaeaeaiiy
caei?iaiai iioiinoaa. A iao /an ia Oe?a?i? neeaeany iani?eyoeeaa
aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y, yea iio?aao? i?eeiyooy eiiieaeno
iaaeeei-nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy ia?iaeaeaiino?
(?.A.Aiaaoe?ueiaa oa ni?aaao.,1998; I.A.Aieaea oa ni?aaao., 1998). Ca
inoaii? ?iee, caaaeyee oe?ieiio ai?iaaaeaeaiith a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo
cia/iiai a?naiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ? iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a
ae??, i?aeaeueeanue aoaeoeai?noue noeioethaaiiy aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c
??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? ? neeaaea? a iao /an a?ae 50% aei 68%
(?.I.A?oey?aa oa ni?aaao.,1997; E.?.?aaithoa oa ni?aaao.,1998).

Iniiaia oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a uiaei aeaii? i?iaeaie i?eae?ey?oueny
aea/aiith /anoioe aaaaoiie?aeieo aaa?oiinoae, a?ia?noeioeyoe?e,
e?eueeino? niiioaiieo aai?o?a ? iniaeeainoyi i?io?eaeoeee iaaeiiooaaiiy
(A.E.Othothii?e,1994; O.ss.Iineaeaiei,1995; M.Berger,1993). Iaeiae,
ae?iee c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? neeaaeathoue a?oio aenieiai ?eceeo
uiaei ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??, a iniiaiei
iaoiaeii ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o ieo /anoi ? iia?aoe?y eana??a ?icoei. Ii?yae c
oeei, a e?oa?aoo??, i?aeoe/ii, a?aenooi? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao
aaa?oiino? o iaoe??ioie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?. E??i
oiai, iaae??oaiei caeeoa?oueny ieoaiiy i?i aieea aeo?aeii? oi?ie
iaie?aeiino? ia aeo?ae ? oa?aeoa? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy.

I?iaeaia aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy caeeoa?oueny iaei??th c
iaeaeooaeuei?oeo a no/aniiio aeooa?noa?, i?e/iio c ?ieo a ??e /anoioa
eiai c?inoa?, a iieaciee ia?eiaoaeueii? nia?oiino? caeeoa?oueny aac ci?i
(?.A.Aiaaoe?ueiaa,1997; A.I.Aaioeeianueeee, 1998). O an?e no?oeoo??
iieacaiue aeecueei 20% caeiathoue oae?, ye noeoii?noue a?aeiinieo
iieacaiue a ?ioa?anao ieiaea, iaeiei c yeeo ? iayai?noue iaie?aeiino? a
aiaiiac?. I?aeoe/i? e?ea?? aeooa?e-a?iaeieiae aeoaea /anoi
iiaiaeaeothoueny ia ei?enoue aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o
ia?ai?iaeyueo a?eii iiiaae 30 ?ie?a, a oaeiae i?e iayaiino? o ae?iie
iaie?aeiino? iiiaae 5 ?ie?a. Ii?yae c oeei, ieoaiiy ?ic?iaeaeaiiy
ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie ? aeaeaie e?eoaaiiy iaie?aeiino? iiai?noth
iaae??oai?, a ie?ai? ioae?eaoe?? a oeueiio iai?yieo iinyoue noia?a/eeaee
oa?aeoa?, ui ? aeeeoo? iaia?o?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeeiiaia iaoeiai-aeine?aeia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea, ? ae.?. 0196 40 10590.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Iaoa ?iaioe: cieceoe /anoioo aeooa?nueei? ? ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o
ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? ia i?aenoaa? ?ic?iaee i?ia?aiiaaiiai
aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a c aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaanoe ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c iniaeeainoae ?ic?iaeaeaiiy
ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino?.

2. Anoaiiaeoe aca?iicaycie i?ae /anoioith ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueei? ?
ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??, oi?iaie iaie?aeiino?.

3. Cynoaaoe iieacaiiy aeey i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a
o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?.

4. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai eiiieaeno
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a uiaei aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c
iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?.

5. ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy /anoioe
aeooa?nueei? ? ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie
iaie?aeiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaii
ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao
aaa?oiino?, iieia?a, i?neyiieiaiaiai ? iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iae?a o ae?iie
c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?. Oea aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe
aca?iicaycie i?ae /anoioith ? nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? aeooa?nueei? ?
ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??, a oaeiae noaiii i?aii?a?aeiiai oiio ?
iniiaieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino?.

Aia?oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai
aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? o
niieo/aii? c aenieei aeooa?nueeei ? ia?eiaoaeueiei ?eceeii.
Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea i?io?eaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o
ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a i?ae eiio?ieai aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo ?
?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aecia/ai? iieacaiiy aeey
i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie
iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?. Oaeineiiaeaia oaeoeea aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? o
ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?, ni?yiiaaia ia cieaeaiiy /anoioe
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?.

?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy /anoioe
aeooa?nueei? iaoieia?? ? ia?eiaoaeueieo ao?ao o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie
iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy an?o
aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaii ca ia??iae c 1997 ii 1999 ?.?. Aaoi?ii
i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c 524 aeiaaee?a ?ic?iaeaeaiiy
ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?. I?iaaaeaii
ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ? ooieoe?iiaeueia ianoaaeaiiy 60 ae?iie c ??cieie
oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? ? i?ae /an aaa?oiino? ? a iieiaao. Naiino?eii
i?iaaaeaii caa?? oa i?aeaioiaeo a?ieia?/iiai iaoa??aeo. Cia/ia /anoeia
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiiaia aaciina?aaeiuei aaoi?ii oa ca eiai
o/anoth.

Aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy /anoioe
aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie
iaie?aeiino?. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaaaeaia aeeeth/ii
aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? ?? ieaioio anioe?aoe??
aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (aa?anaiue, 1998; ?aiaoi??y); ia can?aeaii?
anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Ee?anueei? iaeano? (a?oaeaiue, 1998) oa
ia can?aeaii? i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? “Aeoo?anoai oa a?iaeieia?y” Ee?anueei?
iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea (aa?acaiue,
1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith eaiaeeaeaonueei? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii
o?noue ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue, o?e c yeeo a i?io?eueiiio aeo?iae?
“Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y”, i?e/iio iaeia – naiino?eia.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 120 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno, neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo
iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, o?ueio ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o
iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a oa iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 100
a?o/eciyieo oa 80 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 22
oaaeeoeyie oa 25 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia?eo, iaoiaee oa iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ae??oaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe ? caaea/ ie i?iaaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?? aoaie. Ia
ia?oiio — aeei?enoaii ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/iee aiae?c 524 aeiaaee?a
?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie ae?ii/i? iaie?aeiino? a aiaiiac?.
Ie aaaaeaee iaie?aei?noue a oetha? o aeiaaeeo ia iaioa 2 ?ie?a
noai?niiai ?aaoey?iiai noaoaaiai aeeooy aac aoaeue-yei? eiio?aoeaioe?? ?
“?ai?iaeoeoeaii” caei?iaiio /ieia?eo. A caeaaeiino? a?ae oi?i
iaie?aeiino? ie ?icae?eeee an?o ae?iie ia o?e a?oie: ? – 384 ae?iee c
aiaeie?eiiith iaie?aei?noth (73,3%); ?? – 91 ae?iea c? ci?oaiith oi?iith
iaie?aeiino? (17,4%); ??? – 49 ae?iie c o?oaiith iaie?aei?noth (9,3%).
Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ie ianoaaeeee 90 ae?iie. 30 neeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio –
?ic?iaeaeai? /a?ac i?e?iaei? iieiaia? oeyoe aac aeooa?nueei? ?
niiaoe/ii? iaoieia??. 60 ae?iie neeaee iniiaio a?oio. C ieo ?V – 30
ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?, ?ic?iaeaeaieo aaaeii?iaeueiei oeyoii
? i?iaaaeaieo aei ? i?ae /an aaa?oiino? ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoith
iaoiaeeeith ? V – 30 ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?, yeei ie
i?ia?aioaaee aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a c aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?io?eaeoeeo
aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Caaaeyee i?iaaaeaiiio iiia?aaeiueiio aoaio ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ie aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia aiooaaoe ae?iie c
iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aei i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa
iieia?a a oaeeo aeiaaeeao: o?eaae?noue iaie?aeiino? a?eueoa 5 ?ie?a o
aeiaaeeo i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaiiy a aeinoaoiueiio ia??i?; a?e ae?iee
a?eueoa 35 ?ie?a; iayai?noue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? c aenieei
ia?eiaoaeueiei ?eceeii (aaaee na?oey, aiaeie?eiia iaoieia?y, i?ii?y
na?aaeiueiai ? aenieiai nooiaiy oa ?i.); aoi?eiia iaie?aei?noue o
aeiaaeeo caaeaae? ia?oiai ieiaea /e a?eueoa 3 ieiia?eueieo aai?o?a;
ia?aianai? ?ai?oa a?iaeieia?/i? iia?aoe?? (eiina?aaoeaia i?iiaeoii?y,
?acaeoe?y y?/iee?a, ooaaeoii?y, aaeiaenaeoii?y).

Iniiaieie iiiaioaie i?aeaioiaee oaeeo ae?iie aei i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy
aaa?oiino? yaeeiny i?io?eaeoe/ia 4-?aciaa i?ecia/aiiy a oa?i?ie: 11-12
oeaei?a; 18-20 oeaei?a; 28-32 oeaei?a ? 35-36 oeaei?a eiiieaeno
e?ea?nueeeo cania?a. I?e oeueiio aaa?oia a aeai? oa?i?ie aoea
aini?oae?ciaaia /e o a?aeae?eaiiy iaoieia?? aaa?oiino?, /e o aeaiiee
noaoe?iia? aai naiaoi??e aeey aaa?oieo. Aei eiiieaeno i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a aeeth/aee naiaoe?th i?oae a ?aii? oa?i?ie i?ae eiio?ieai
aaeoa??ieia?/ieo aeaiieo; i?ecia/aiiy aioeieneaeaio?a (a?oai?i ?;
oa?/ia? aeiaaaee c a?oai?iaie N; A; ? ? ?); cania?a, iie?iooth/eo
a?ineioac a?eea a ieaoeaio? (aaia-ia?oe; oeeoio?ii N; anaioe?aea);
aaoa-aae?aiii?iaoee?a (a?eeai?e; ia?oonenoai); ?ioiiei?aeoi??a
(ioee?aiao iao??th, nieai?i); niaciie?oee?a (ii-oia, iaiaaa?ei);
iaoeeenaioei?a (eo?aioee, o?aioae, eiiieai?i). O?eaae?noue ? ye?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a caeaaeaei a?ae
?acoeueoao?a aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: aoia?ao??,
aeiiea?iiao???, aiaeie?eiieia?/iiai noaoono, ye? aeeiai?/ii
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny i?ney 20 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?. Aeey i?io?eaeoeee
i?neyiia?aoe?eieo ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue aeei?enoiaoaaee
e?eoaaeuei? aeice oeaoaeinii??i?a (4-6 a) iae?aco i?ney eeaioaaiiy
ioiiaeie ? ai?iaeiaae 3 aei?a i?ney iia?aoe??.

Caaaeueiii?eeiyoa aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? o ae?iie ??? a?oie c aeaiith
iaoieia??th aeeth/aei aei naaa o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
E.A.Ia?e?ia oa ni?aaao. (1996) a?oai?iioa?ai?th (a?oai?ie N, ?, ?);
aioeieneaeaioe; niaciie?oeee oa aioeaa?aaaioe.

Oeueo?acaoeiaa ieaoeaioia?ao?y i?iaiaeeeanue ia aia?ao? “Toshiba”
(ssiii?y). Aeey ioe?iee iaoeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai ? ieiaeiai-ieaoeaioa?iiai
e?iaia?ao i?iaaaeaia ?a?no?aoe?y e?eaeo oaeaeeinoae e?iaioieo a a?oa??yo
ieaoeaioe ? ai?o? ieiaea ia aia?ao? neeaaeiiai neaioaaiiy “Combizon-250”
(Aano??y), iniauaiiai aeoieaeniei ?iioeueniei aeiiea?ianueeei aeieii
“Doppler-300”. I?e oeueiio aecia/aee nenoiei-ae?anoiee/ia a?aeiioaiiy ca
iaoiaeeeith D.Stuart oa ni?aaao.(1990); ?iaeaen ioeuenaoe?? ca
iaoiaeeeith R.Gosliug, D.King (1988) oa ?iaeaen ?acenoaioiino? ca
iaoiaeeeith L.Pourcelot oa ni?aaao.(1987).

I?e aea/aii? ai?iiiaeueieo aca?iia?aeiioaiue a nenoai?
iaoe-ieaoeaioa-ie?ae aecia/aee a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei
iaoiaeii ??aaiue oaeeo ai?iii?a: ano??ieo, ano?aae?ieo, i?iaanoa?iio,
i?ieaeoeio, oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io oa ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio
(A.A.?aci?eiaa, 1990).

Iaoaiaoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeee ia eiiithoa??
“Pentium-150” ca?aeii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e I.I.I?ioea?a oa ni?aaao. (1997).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui na?aaei?e a?e
ianoaaeaieo ae?iie neeaa 29,72,4 ?ie?a ? aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyany ca
a?oiaie (?>0,05). Aiae?coth/e aeae iaie?aeiino? iaiao?aeii aeacaoe, ui
aoi?eiia iaie?aei?noue iaea i?noea a 23,9% aeiaaee?a, i?e oeueiio aeaiee
iieaciee iii?oii a?ae??ciyany ca a?oiaie a caeaaeiino? a?ae oi?ie. Oae,
o ae?iie c aiaeie?eiiith oi?iith a?ae neeaa anueiai eeoa 8,1%, a oie /an
ye i?e ci?oai?e ? o?oai?e aoa cia/ii aeua – 64,8% ? 71,4% a?aeiia?aeii.
Iaeiei c iiyniaiue oaei? neooaoe?? ? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino?
?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe?? ae?iie c aoi?eiiith iaie?aei?noth. Caa?oa? ia
naaa oaaao oie oaeo, ui a?eueo i?ae o iieiaeie ae?iie (60,0%) a aiaiiac?
iaee i?noea a?oeo?oe?ei? aai?oe, a eiaeiiio iyoiio aeiaaeeo (21,6%) ?
ieiia?euei? a ?aii? oa?i?ie. Naiee aenieee a?aenioie (71,2%)
a?oeo?oe?eieo aai?o?a aoa i?e ci?oai?e oi?i?, a ieiia?eueieo (35,5%) –
i?e aiaeie?eii?e. Ieoiia aaaa iieia?a (oa?i?iia? ? ia?aae/anieo) neeaea
anueiai eeoa 12,0%, oiaoi 88,0% ianoaaeaieo iaie ae?iie aoee
ia?ai?iaeyueie, i?e/iio ca a?oiaie oeae iieaciee nooo?ai ia ci?ithaaany.
Oe? aeai? iai/ii na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy ?ie? neoaeae
ieaioaaiiy n?i?, iniaeeai a ieai? ai?ioueae c ia?oeie a?oeo?oe?eieie
aai?oaie, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei aenieiai ??aiy ??cieo oi?i aoi?eiii?
iaie?aeiino?, ui oaeiae a?aeia?aaeaii o a?o/eciyi?e ? ca?oa?aei?e
e?oa?aoo?? inoaii?o ?ie?a (O.ss.Ioaie/eiaa,1991; A.E.Noaiaie?anueea oa
ni?aaao.,1997; P.Vercellini et.al.,1993).

Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue iaie?aeiino? ca an?ia a?oiaie neeaea 6,40,4 ?iee.
I?e?iaeiuei, ui ca oaeee i?ii?aeie /ano i?iaiaeeeanue aeinoaoiuei
ianeaia oa?ai?y, i?e/iio ia o?eueee eiina?aaoeaia, aea ? iia?aoeaia. C
iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ia?oiai aa?eaioo iiaeia aeae?eeoe aioeaaeoa??aeueio
(95,0%); ?icniieooth/o (99,0%); ai?iiiaeueio (94,1%), a oaeiae
o?c?ioa?ai?th (90,6%). Na?aae an?o aeae?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue /ano?oa
?ioeo iaee i?noea ?acaeoe?y y?/iee?a (17,7%) ? eiina?aaoeaia i?iiaeoii?y
(17,3%). Ii?yae c oeei, a iaoo ? caaea/? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
aoiaeeea ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? i?iaiaeeieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo
caoiae?a c i?eaiaeo iaie?aeiino?, ui aeinoaoiuei aeia?a aena?oeaii o
no/ani?e e?oa?aoo?? (E.?.?aaithoa,1990; O.ss.Iineaeaiei,1995). Ie
eiinoaooaaee oaeo ianoaiiy aaa?oiino? ? i?iaiaeeee aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
i?aii?a?aeiiai oiio, a oaeiae aeooa?nueei? ? ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia??.

Na?aae oe?ieiai niaeo?a iniiaii? ? noiooiuei? aai?oaeueii? iaoieia??
iae/ano?oa iaee i?noea ??ci? ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo (93,3%);
iie?e?noic y?/iee?a (80,3%); iaoieia?y oeeee iaoee (56,1%), a oaeiae
o?ii?/iee naeuei?iaiioi?eo (26,7%). Aacoiiaii, /anoioa ??cieo aeae?a
a?iaeieia?/ii? caoai?thaaiino? iai?yio caeaaeaea a?ae oi?ie
iaie?aeiino?, iaeiaei caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao ? aeniea ieoiia aaaa
niieo/ieo oi?i, /anoioa yeeo c?inoa? c ?ieo a ??e (A.I.Niaoi?e,1990;
?.I.A?oey?aa oa ni?aaao.,1997).

Ia aeoieo E.A.Oeiioaiei oa ni?aaao. (1993, 1994) noiooiy
aeno?aaai?oaeueia iaoieia?y a?ae?a?a? nooo?ao ?ieue a ee?i?/iiio
ia?aa?ao naii? iaie?aeiino?, a /iio iiaeia aoei ia?aeiiaoeny aeoiaey/e c
io?eiaieo iaie aeaieo. Aiae?coth/e iniiai? oi?ie niiaoe/ii?
caoai?thaaiino? iiaeia aeae?eeoe aenieee ??aaiue noiooiueiai iaee??iiy
(40,5%), a oaeiae iae?ioee?eoeyoi?ii? aeenoii?? (31,1%). Na?aae ?aooe
aeae?a aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao cia/ia /anoioa
i??eiiao?eoo (20,6%) oa caoai?thaaiue ueoiaeaeii? caeice (14,7%).
Iayai?noue oaeiai iani?eyoeeaiai i?aii?a?aeiiai oiio, i?e?iaeiuei,
neacaeany ia /anoio? ? nooiai? ae?aaeaiino? ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue
aaa?oiino?.

I?e ee?i?/i?e ioe?ioe? ia?aa?ao ? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? caa?oa? ia naaa
oaaao aeniea ieoiia aaaa caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy (66,6%) ? ?aii?o oieneeic?a
(41,0%). Aiae?c ca a?oiaie iieacaa nooo?ao ??cieoeth, a iniiaiiio, o
ae?iie c? ci?oaiith ? o?oaiith oi?iaie iaie?aeiino?. Oea ae?aaeaeinue o
a?eueo aenie?e /anoio? caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy a ?? a?oi? – 97,8%, a oie /an
ye a ??? – oeae iieaciee neeaa anueiai eeoa 40,8%. Anoaiiaeai?
caeiiii??iino? na?ae/aoue i?i ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieaoeaioa?ii?
iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie, a ia?oo /a?ao, c aiaeie?eiiith ? ci?oaiith
iaie?aei?noth, ua ia ?aii?o oa?i?iao aaa?oiino?, ui, iaaeae?, i?ecaaei
aei ?icaeoeo na?eicieo aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue.

Aeai? e?oa?aoo?? aei aeaii? i?iaeaie ia/eneaii?, a iniiaiiio,
oi?eathoueny ieoaiue i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy o an?o
oa?i?iao (N.I.Iena?aaa oa ni?aaao.,1991; A.E.Othothii?e,1994). Ii?yae c
oeei, ia an? ieoaiiy aeaiiai iai?yieo oe?iei inayuai?, a /iio iiaeia
ia?aeiiaoeny ia i?eeeaae? io?eiaieo iaie ?acoeueoao?a. Oae, caa?ica
ia?aae/anieo iieia?a ae?enii ? naiei /anoei oneeaaeiaiiyi ?? iieiaeie
aaa?oiino?, aeinyaath/e 81,9%. Na?aae an?o oi?i iaie?aeiino? iaea?eueo
aenieee iieaciee aeaii? iaoieia?? a?aei?/aii a ? a?oi? – 88,8%, a naiee
iecueeee a ??? – 49,0%. E??i oiai, aeineoue oaee nooo?aei ? ? /anoioa
i?ci?o oieneeic?a – 77,3%, aea c yaiei ia?aaaaeaiiyi eaaeeo oi?i
(65,5%). I?e oeueiio, oa?aeoa?iei ? oie oaeo, ui o an?o a?oiao oeae
iieaciee ia caciaaaa aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue (?>0,05). ??aaiue
oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? na?aae caaaeueiiai /enea oai?eo neeaa
52,1% c ia?aaaaeaiiyi a ?? a?oi? (57,1%) ? naiei iecueeei cia/aiiyi – a
??? (40,8%). A?aeiinia e?euee?noue aeiaaee?a aiai?? aeae?eueea
ia?aaeuoaaea ??aaiue caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? – 59,6% (A.ss.Aieioa,1990;
A.ss.Nai/oe,1996), ii?yae c oeei i?e ci?oai?e oi?i? iaie?aeiino? aeaia
cia/aiiy aeinyaaei 69,2%, a i?e o?oai?e – 44,9%. Oaea aeniea /anoioa
??cieo aeooa?nueeeo oneeaaeiaiue, ui ?icaeaathoueny i?ae /an aaa?oiino?
o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?, na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee oaeineiiaeaii? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii? iaoiaeeee c
o?aooaaiiyi oi?ie ? aeaeo iaie?aeiino?.

Aa?eaio ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? ?
i?aaeiaoii aino?eo aeeneon?e ye o ian a e?a?i?, oae ? ca ei?aeiiii
(A.?.Eoeaeia oa ni?aaao.,1996; A.?.E?aniiiieuenueeee oa ni?aaao.,1997;
E.?.?aaithoa oa ni?aaao.,1998; J.N.Martin et.al.,1997). Ca?aeii
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a noia?ia /anoioa aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy
na?aae an?o ianoaaeaieo oai?eo neeaea 50,6%, i?e oeueiio ieoiia aaaa
ieaiiaeo iia?aoe?e aoea anueiai eeoa 46,4%, ui ? aeineoue oaee iecueeei
iieacieeii aeey ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. Aeey a?eueo iiaii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaiiai ieoaiiy ie i?iaaee ioe?ieo iniiaieo noiooi?o
iieacaiue aei iia?aoe?? eana?aaa ?icoeio. Oae, iae/ano?oa cono??/aeenue
aeaa iniiaieo iieacaiiy: a?eiaa ia?ai?iaeyua (86,3%) ?
aioo??oiueioo?iaia a?iien?y ieiaea (75,4%). Oea aoei coiiaeaii
o?eaae?noth ia?aa?ao iaie?aeiino? (6,40,4 ?ie?a), a oaeiae aenieei
??aiai i?ci?o oieneeic?a (77,3%) ? oaoiieaoeaioa?iith iaaeinoaoi?noth
(52,1%). A aeiaeaoie aei oeueiai, nooo?aei aoee ieoiia aaaa e?oiiiai
ieiaea (26,9%); oaciaiai ia?aaeeaaeaiiy (23,9%); aiiiae?e iieiaiai?
ae?yeueiino? (18,1%) ? ia?aae/aniiai ?ic?eao ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie (16,8%).
Aiae?c ca a?oiaie noiooi?o iieacaiue na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o?eueee a ???
a?oi? /anoioa aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien?? ieiaea aoea aeinoia??ii
ieae/a ii??aiyii c caaaeueiei iieacieeii – aei 44,9% (?<0,05). Oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy ? e?oiiee ie?ae /ano?oa iaee i?noea o ae?iie c? ci?oaiith oi?iith (aei 34,1%; ?<0,05 ? aei 36,3%; ?<0,05) ? c o?oaiith iaie?aei?noth (aei 34,7%; ?<0,05), aiiiae?? iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? cono??/aeenue /ano?oa a ??? a?oi? (aei 26,5%; ?<0,05), a ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie – a ?? (aei 22,0%; ?<0,05). I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. Ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a oie oaeo, ui ae?iee c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? a?ae/oaathoue iniaeeao oaaao aei aaciina?aaeiueiai ?acoeueoaoo ?ic?iaeaeaiiy – ia?iaeaeaiith aeeoeie, ca?aaee yei? aiie i?ieoee aeiaaee ? iaeaaeee oeyo ??cieo ae?aaiinoe/ieo ? e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a (A.I.Na?ia oa ni?aaao.,1989; E.?.?aaithoa,1990). Aiae?coth/e noai iiaiia?iaeaeaieo caa?oa? ia naaa oaaao aenieee ??aaiue ano?en?? – 57,4%, a oaeiae cia/ia /anoioa aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy (13,7%) ? a?iio?io?? ??ciiai nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? (12,0%). I?e ioe?ioe? noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo o ae?iie c aiaeie?eiiith iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? iiaeia a?aei?oeoe o?eueee cieaeaiiy ??aiy aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy a?aeiinii caaaeueii? a?oie – aei 7,6% (?<0,05). A ?? a?oi? aoea i?aeaeuaia ieoiia aaaa a?iio?io?/ieo (aei 18,7%; ?<0,05) ? iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (aei 13,2%; ?<0,05), a oaeiae /anoioa ano?en?? i?e ia?iaeaeaii? (aei 79,1%; ?<0,05), a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie na?aaeiueiai ?? nooiaiy (aei 19,8%; ?<0,05). I?e aiae?c? ia?eiaoaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c o?oaiith iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? iiaeia aeae?eeoe aeaa iiiaioe: ca?eueoaiiy /enea iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (aei 14,3%; ?<0,05) ? ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy /anoioe aioo??oiueioo?iaiiai ?io?eoaaiiy (aei 65,3%; ?<0,01). Na?aae iniiaieo aeae?a iinoiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? ia?aaaaeaee iinoa?iiene/ia aioeaoaeiiao?y (33,4%) ? ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy (17,0%). Iaea?eueo aenieee ??aaiue ia?oi? iaoieia?? iaa i?noea o ae?iie ?? a?oie (57,1%), a ae?oai? – a ??? a?oi? oai?eo (24,5%). Anoaiiaeaia ??cieoey o nooiai? ae?aaeaiino? ia?e- ? iinoiaoaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?ae iaoa??a c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aeicaiey? iai iiaiaeeoeny c aeoieith i?ia?aeieo iaiiaoieia?a (N.I.Eaoii?ia oa ni?aaao.,1995; ?.?.Ooiueei oa ni?aaao.,1998) i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeeth/aiiy naia oeeo niaoe?ae?no?a aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?i niin?a ? /an ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. Ioaea, ye iieacaee ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino? ia? aeoaea aaaeeeaa iaaeeei-nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy. AE?iee ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai /ano aioothoueny aei ianoaiiy aaa?oiino?, i?ioiaeyoue /eneaii? eo?ne ??cii? oa?ai??, anth aaa?oi?noue ciaoiaeyoueny a noai? ineoiaiioe?eii? iai?oae, ui a aoaeue-yeiio nooiai? coiiaeth? aenieee ??aaiue aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue. Aoaeue-yea iai?aeeia?ia neooaoe?y, iiaycaia c ?icaeoeii aoaeue-yei? iaoieia?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai, iaaoaa? aeey iaoa?? noaio “o?aaaae??” c? an?ia iane?aeeaie, ui aeieeaathoue ca?aene. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa ia- aeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?, iniaeeai a ieai? aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Oea cayaeeiny aeey ian i?aenoaaith aeey ?ic?iaee i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? i?e iayaiino? oaeoi??a ?eceeo, ci?noiaii iienaieo a ?icae?e? “Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy”. Aacoiiaii, aeaiee i?aeo?ae ? eiiieaeniei ? i?iaiaeeoueny ua ia aoai? ieaioaaiiy n?i?, a iio?i aaea a oiiaao ae?ii/i? eiinoeueoaoe?? ? aeooa?nueeiai noaoe?iia?o. Aiae?coth/e iniaeeaino? ee?i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianoaaeaieo oai?eo ia ?? aoai? iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe oie oaeo, ui o an?o aeiaaeeao aoei a?aei?/aii aenieee ?ecee ?icaeoeo aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue, i?e/iio ye ca iniiaiith i?e/eiith iaie?aeiino?, oae ? ca noiooiueith aai?oaeueiith ? aeno?aaai?oaeueiith iaoieia??th. Ca iniiaieie iiiaioaie oe? iniaeeaino? ni?aiaaeaee c oeie, ye? aoee iaie anoaiiaeai? ia aoai? ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ie ia aaaaeaee ca aeioe?eueia ci?noiaii ia ieo coieiyoenue, iaeiaei i?e ?iciiae?eaii? ae?iie ia a?oie aoa iiai?noth aeiaea?aeaiei i?eioeei ?aiaeii?iacaoe??, yeee aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a. I?e aeeeaaeaii? iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? i?e ??cieo iaoiaeeeao ?? aaaeaiiy iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe nooo?aa cia/aiiy ineoiaiioe?eiiai oaeoi?o, iiaycaiiai c ia?iaeaeaiiyi aeeoeie. I?e oeueiio, ?acoeueoaoii oaeiai ineoiaiioe?eiiai aieeao aoei ?aoaeueia aeio?eiaiiy aoaiiino? an?o e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a. Iaiaeiaaaeeeaei ? ? oie oaeo, ui aaaeaiiy ae?iie V a?oie ye ia aeiaini?oaeueiiio aoai? a ae?ii/?e eiinoeueoaoe??, oae ? a aeooa?nueeiio noaoe?iia?? cae?enithaaeinue iaeiei ? oei aea e?ea?ai – aaoi?ii aeaiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia/eneaii? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e c oe??? i?iaeaie i?enay/ai?, a iniiaiiio, oaeoeoe? aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino?, iniaeeai a ?? ?aii? oa?i?ie (A.E.Othothii?e,1994; L.M.Karamardian et.al., 1992). Io?eiai? iaie aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui /anoioa ?aii?o oieneeic?a (46,7% ? 50,0%; ?>0,05);
a??onii? ?ioaeoe?? (ii 10,0%) oa caaino?aiiy aeno?aaai?oaeueii?
iaoieia?? (ii 6,7%) aoea iaeiaeiaith a iaio a?oiao. Ii??aiyii c oeei,
i?e aaaeaii? ae?iie ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie iaoiaeeeith ??aaiue caa?ice
ia?a?eaaiiy a ?aii? oa?i?ie aaa?oiino? aoa ia ii?yaeie ieae/ei (33,3%
ii??aiyii c 60,0%; ?<0,05). A ?? iieiaei? aaa?oiino? oey ??cieoey noaaaea ua a?eueo i/aaeaeiith. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiio neoaeeoue oie oaeo, ui /anoioa i?ci?o oieneeic?a aoea nooo?ai ieae/ith a V a?oi? (30,0% i?ioe 66,7%; ?<0,01), oaeiae ye ? ieoiia aaaa caa?ice ia?aae/anieo iieia?a (26,7% ii??aiyii c 70,0%; ?<0,01) ? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (16,7% i?ioe 53,3%; ?<0,01). ?aeeiei oneeaaeiaiiyi, /anoioa yeiai ia iaea aeinoia??ieo ??cieoeue, aoea aiai?y aaa?oieo (50,0% ii??aiyii c 53,3%; ?>0,05). Iaaaaeai? aeai?
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oaeineiiaeaiiy e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ii?
iaoiaeeee aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?
aeicaieeei nooo?ai cieceoe /anoioo iniiaieo oneeaaeiaiue ye a ?, oae ? a
?? iieiaei? aaa?oiino?. E??i iienaiiai aeua ineoiaiioe?eiiai oaeoi?o,
nooo?ai aieeioei aeeth/aiiy a aeaiee eiiieaen cania?a, ye? iie?ioothoue
a?ineioac a?eea a ieaoeaio? (aaia-ia?oe; oeeoio?ii N ? anaioe?aea), a
oaeiae ?ioiiei?aeoi??a, ui iathoue a?eieneioacoth/? aeanoeaino?
(ioeea?iao iao??th ? nieai?i).

C iaoith aaeaeaaoii? ioe?iee noaio oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno ie
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiieaen aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo ?
?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia aoaeoeai?noue yeeo
aeacoaaei aaaaoi a?o/eciyieo aeine?aeiee?a (?.O.Ieoaeeaiei,1995;
A.A.Aa?ai/aiei,1996; ?.A.*a?iooa,1997). I?e ia?oiio ianoaaeaii? (28-29
oeaei?a), o ae?iie ?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoith iaoiaeeeith aaaeaiiy
i?aeaeuo?oueny /anoioa a?ia?aoiaaiieo aeeth/aiue (aei 16,7%; ?<0,01) ia oii? aeinoia??iiai cieaeaiiy ai?noo ano??ieo (aei 23,452,06 iiieue/e; ?<0,05) ? ano?aae?ieo (aei 37,832,05 iiieue/e; ?<0,05), aea ia ci?iaieo aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo aeaieo (?>0,05). Iaaeae? (32-33 oeae.) a?aeaoaa?oueny
aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy iieacie?a e?iaioieo a a?oa??yo ioiiaeie ? ai?o?
ieiaea: nenoiei-ae?anoiee/ia a?aeiioaiiy – aei 2,090,05 (?<0,05) ? aei 4,870,21 (?<0,05); ?iaeaene ioeuenaoe?? – aei 0,710,03 (?<0,05) ? aei 1,540,03 (?<0,05), a oaeiae ?acenoaioiino? – aei 0,450,02 (?<0,05) ? aei 0,750,04 (?<0,05). E??i oiai, a oeae aea oa?i?i aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny ai?no oi??ii?/iiai aiiaaeio?ii?io – aei 256,2412,78 iiieue/e; (?<0,05) ? ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio – aei 201,7913,75 iiieue/e (?<0,05). Iaia?aaeiaei? ?ic?iaeaeaiiy (37-38 oeae.) iienai? aeua ci?ie ia o?eueee caa??aaeenue, aea ? noaaaee a?eueo ae?aaeaieie, iniaeeai a ieai? aeniei? /anoioe a?ia?aoiaaiieo aeeth/aiue (aei 60,0%; ?<0,001) ? aeinoia??iiai cieaeaiiy ??aiy i?iaanoa?iio – aei 511,4112,73 iiieue/e (?<0,05). A inoaoi/iiio i?aenoieo oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo ae?aaeaii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, yea noa? iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo iieacaiue aei aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaie iaoiaeeee aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? ?c canoinoaaiiyi oe?ieiai a?naiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a aeicaiey? nooo?ai cieceoe nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ui aieeaa? ia /anoioo aeooa?nueeeo ? ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. Na?aae iniiaieo iieacaiue aei aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o ae?iie ?V a?oie ia?aaaaeaee aioo??oueioo?iaia a?iien?y ieiaea ia oii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (53,3%) oa aiiiae?? iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (20,0%). E??i oiai, na?aae noiooi?o iieacaiue a oe?e aea a?oi? iae/ano?oa cono??/aeenue “a?eiaa ia?ai?iaeyua” (70,0%), "oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy" (16,7%), “e?oiiee ie?ae” (13,3%) ? “ia?aae/aniee ?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie” (16,7%). Ii??aiyii c oeei, a V a?oi? /anoioa eana?nueeeo ?icoei?a neeaea 63,3% (?<0,05). Aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien?? ieiaea ia oii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (33,3%; ?<0,05) oa aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (6,7%; ?<0,05). ??aaiue noiooi?o iieacaiue, oaeeo ye “a?eiaa ia?ai?iaeyua” (66,7%; ?>0,05); “oaciaa ia?aaeeaaeaiiy” (20,0%; ?>0,05) ? “e?oiiee
ie?ae” (13,3%; ?>0,05) caeeoeeeny aac aeinoia??ieo a?aei?iiinoae.
Iaoa?einueei? eaoaeueiino? ? aeiooaiiai aeaeaeaiiy iaoee i?e
?ic?iaeaeaii? ie ia niinoa??aaee.

I?e aea/aii? ia?eiaoaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iiaeia aeacaoe
ia oo ianoaaeio, ui oaeo ia?iaeaeaiiy iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae iaa i?noea
o?eueee a ?V a?oi? (6,7%) ? iniiaiith i?e/eiith yaeany ia?aae/aniee
?ic?ea ieiaeiaeo iaieiiie a 34-35 oeaei?a aaa?oiino?. Aeoaea iieaciaeie
? ? cia/aiiy a?iio?io?? ? ano?en?? ??ciiai nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino?. Oae,
i?e caaaeueiii?eeiyoiio aaaeaii? ae?iie oe? iieacieee neeaee 66,7% ?
26,7%, (?<0,01), ui ia ii?yaeie aeua ii??aiyii c V a?oiith (20,0% ? 6,7%; ?<0,01). Aiaeia?/ia caeiiii??i?noue iaea i?noea ? i?e ioe?ioe? caoai?thaaiino? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. I?e oeueiio, iae/ano?oei oneeaaeiaiiyi ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo aoea ia?eiaoaeueia aioeaoaeiiao?y, c yaiei ia?aaaaeaiiyi a ?V a?oi? (36,7% i?ioe 10,0%; ?<0,01). Aeae?eueea ??aeoa cono??/aeenue ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy (16,7% ii??aiyii c 3,3%; ?<0,01); aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii (10,0% i?ioe 3,3%; ?<0,01) oa aeiaoyieoey (6,7% o?eueee a ? a?oi?). Oaea ae?aaeaia ??cieoey ia?e- ? iinoiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?ae iaoa??a c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue ?ic?iaeaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei eana?aao ?icoeio a oe?e a?oi? oai?eo. Ia?eiaoaeueia nia?oi?noue iaea i?noea o?eueee a ?V a?oi? (33,3%). Oaeei /eiii, aaaaeaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a c aaeaeaaoiith i?io?eaeoeeith oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aeicaiey? nooo?ai iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ye c aeooa?nueeeo, oae ? c ia?eiaoaeueieo iiceoe?e. Oaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae ? oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? ? caaaeueiiaeinooiieie ? iiaeooue iaeoe oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e ioi?ii? caei?iay. AENIIAEE: 1. O aaa?oieo c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? /anoioa ?ic?iaeaeaiiy oeyoii iia?aoe?? eana?aaa ?icoeio ? aeoaea aenieith (50,6%), neeaaeath/e i?e aiaeie?eii?e oi?i? 47,6%; i?e ci?oai?e – 60,4%; i?e o?oai?e – 46,0%. 2. I?e ?ic?iaeaeaii? ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aiaeie?eiia oi?ia cono??/a?oueny a 73,3% aeiaaee?a; ci?oaia – a 17,4% ? o?oaia iaie?aei?noue a 9,3% niinoa?aaeaiue. 3. Na?aae oe?ieiai niaeo?a iniiaii? ? noiooiuei? aai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth iae/ano?oa iaee i?noea ??ci? ii?ooaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo (93,3%); iie?eenoic y?/iee?a (80,3%); iaoieia?y oeeee iaoee (56,1%), a oaeiae o?ii?/iee naeuei?iaiioi?eo (26,7%). 4. C iniiaieo oneeaaeiaiue ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao aaa?oiino? o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a ? iieiaei? ne?ae aeae?eeoe aenieo /anoioo caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy (66,6%) ? ?aii?o oieneeic?a (41,0%), a a ?? – caa?ico ia?aae/anieo iieia?a (81,9%), i?ci? oieneeice (77,3%), aiai?th aaa?oieo (59,6%) ? oaoiieaoeaioa?io iaaeinoaoi?noue (52,1%). 5. I?e aiae?c? noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe aenieee ??aaiue ano?en?? ? a?iio?io?? ??ciiai nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? (12,0%), a c iinoiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? – ia?aaaaeathoue iinoa?iiene/ia aioeaoaeiiao?y (33,4%) ? ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy (17,0%). 6. Iniiaieie iieacieeaie aeey i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? ?: o?eaae?noue iaie?aeiino? a?eueo 5 ?ie?a o aeiaaeeo i?iaaaeaiiy e?eoaaiiy a aeinoaoiueiio ia?i?; a?e ae?iie i?ney 35 ?ie?a; iayai?noue aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? c aenieei ia?eiaoaeueiei ?eceeii; aoi?eiia iaie?aei?noue o aeiaaeeo caaeaae? ia?oiai ieiaea /e a?eueoa 3 ieiia?eueieo aai?o?a ? ia?aianai? ?ai?oa a?iaeieia?/i? iia?aoe??. 7. C iaoith i?ia?aiiaaii? i?aeaioiaee ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aei ?ic?iaeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii i?io?eaeoe/ia 4-?aciaa iacia/aiiy a oa?i?ie: 11-12 oeae., 18-20 oeae., 28-32 oeae. ? 35-36 oeae. eiiieaeno e?ea?nueeeo cania?a: aioeieneaeaioe, aaoa-aae?aiii?iaoeee, ?ioiiei?aeoi?e, niaciie?oeee, iao?eenaioeie, a oaeiae caniae, ye? iie?ioothoue a?ineioac a?eea a ieaoeaio? i?ae eiio?ieai aoia?ao?/ieo, aeiiea?iiao?e/ieo ? ?aae?i?ioiieia?/ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. 8. Aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? aeicaiey? cieceoe ??aaiue eana?nueeeo ?icoei?a (c 100,0% aei 63,3%; ?<0,05) ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy /anoioe aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien?? ieiaea ia oii? oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino? (c 53,3% aei 33,3%; ?<0,05) oa aiiiae?e iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (c 20,0% aei 6,7%; ?<0,05). E??i oiai, oea ni?eyei cieaeaiith /anoioe ano?en?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (c 26,7% aei 6,7%; ?<0,01), a oaeiae iinoa?iiene/ii? aioeaoaeiiao?? (c 36,7% aei 10,0%; ?<0,01). NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??: 1. Eane?ia TH.N., Aa?aneiiaa O.A., Aiaiaa I.A., Oeoaiei O.I. Iniaeeaino? aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c aiaeie?eiiith iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1998. - ?3. – N.74-76. 2. Eane?ia A.N., Aa?aneiiaa O.A., Aiaiaa I.A., Oeoaiei O.I. Iniaeeaino? oaoiieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno o ae?iie c a?iiaiiaaeio?iiiith oi?iith aiaii?a? //Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-iaaee/iee iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – 1998. - ?2-3. – N.108-110. 3. Aiaiaa I.A. Iniaeeaino? aaaeii?iaeueiiai ?ic?iaeaeaiiy o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1998. - ?6. – N.91-93. 4. Aaeiae/aiei TH.I., Oaaeeoi Ae.?., Aiaiaa I.A., Eane?ia TH.N., Oeoaiei O.I., Ei?/einueea I.I. ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – 1999. - ?1. – N.109-113. 5. Aa?aneiiaa O.A., Eane?ia TH.N., Aiaiaa I.A., Oeoaiei O.I. Aa?aiaiiinoue e ?iaeu o aeaiuei n aiaii?aae a aiaiiaca. Na.o?.E?uineiai iaaeoieaa?neoaoa ei.N.E.Aai?aeaaneiai “I?iaeaiu, aeinoeaeaiey e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iaaeeei-aeieiae/aneeo iaoe e i?aeoe/aneiai cae?aaiio?aiaiey”. – Neioa?iiieue. – 1997. – o.133. – /anoue 1. – N.193-198. 6. Aa?aneiiaa O.A.. O?iaiei I.A., Eane?ia TH.N., Aiaiaa I.A., Oeoaiei O.I. Eana?nueeee ?icoei o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac? //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Anioe?aoe?? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie “Eana?nueeee ?icoei a no/aniiio aeooa?noa?”, N?ioa?iiieue. – 1998. – N.62-63. AIIOAOe?ss Aiaiaa I.A. Eana??a ?icoei o ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?ei-noaoenoe/ieo oa aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? aeooa?nueei? oa ia?eiaoaeueii? iaoieia?? o ae?iie c ??cieie oi?iaie iaie?aeiino?. E??i oiai, ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei cieaeaiiy /anoioe aeooa?nueeeo oa ia?eiaoaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai aaaeaiiy aaa?oiino? oa iieia?a oa oaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee i?io?eaeoeee oaoiieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?. Ana oea a noeoiiino? aeicaieeei cieceoe /anoioo eana?nueeeo ?icoei?a oa iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaeaeaiiy ae?iie c iaie?aei?noth a aiaiiac?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: eana??a ?icoei, iaie?aei?noue, aeooa?noai, ia?eiaoieia?y, i?io?eaeoeea, oneeaaeiaiiy. ANNOTATION Bobova M.V. Cesarean section in women with infertility in ananmnesis. – Manuscript. Thesis for a degree of candidate of medical sciences on specialty 14.01.01 – obstetric and gynecology. P.L.Shupik Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education M.of H. Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. There are defended the peculiarities of obstetric and perinatal pathology in women with various forms of infertility have been established on the basis of clinicostatistical and additional methods of investigation. Besides the practical recommendations have been developed concerning the reduction of the frequency of obstetric and perinatal complications on the basis of using programmed pregnancy and delivery and improved method of prophylaxis of fetoplacental insufficiency. All this on the whole has permitted to improve the results of delivery in women with infertility in anamnesis. Key words: cesarean section, infertility, obstetrics, perinatology, prophylaxis, cop AIIIOAOeEss Aiaiaa I.A. Eana?aai na/aiea o aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. – Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei.I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Iao/iay ?aaioa iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiiai aii?ina i?iaeaiu ?iaei?ac?aoaiey aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca. Oeaeueth ianoiyuae ?aaiou yaeyaony nieaeaiea /anoiou aeooa?neie e ia?eiaoaeueiie iaoieiaee o aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca ia iniiaaiee ?ac?aaioee i?ia?aiie?iaaiiai aaaeaiey aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeia n eniieueciaaieai eiiieaena ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee. Iao/iay iiaecia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi aia?aua i?iaaaeaiu eeeieei-noaoenoe/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ii eco/aieth iniaaiiinoae oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe, ?iaeia, iinea?iaeiaiai e iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaeia o aeaiuei n ?acee/iuie oi?iaie aanieiaeey a aiaiiaca. Yoi iicaieeei onoaiiaeoue acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo /anoioie e noaiaiueth au?aaeaiiinoe aeooa?neie e ia?eiaoaeueiie iaoieiaee, a oaeaea ninoiyieai i?aii?aeaeiiai oiia e iniiaiuie oi?iaie aanieiaeey. Ia iniiaa eeeieei-noaoenoe/aneeo e aeiiieieoaeueiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e ?iaei?ac?aoaiee aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca yiaeie?eiiay oi?ia ano?a/aaony a 73,3% neo/aaa; niaoaiiay – a 17,4% e o?oaiia aanieiaeea a 9,3% iaaethaeaiee. N?aaee oe?ieiai niaeo?a iniiaiie e niioonoaothuae aaieoaeueiie iaoieiaee o aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai /aua anaai eiaee ianoi ?aciua ia?ooaiey iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeea (93,3%); iieeeenoic ye/ieeia (80,3%); iaoieiaey oaeee iaoee (56,1%), a oaeaea o?iie/aneee naeueieiaiioi?eo (26,7%). Ec iniiaiuo ineiaeiaiee eeeie/aneiai oa/aiey aa?aiaiiinoe o aeauei n aanieiaeeai a ? iieiaeia neaaeoao auaeaeeoue aunieoth /anoioo oa?icu i?a?uaaiey (66,6%) e ?aiieo oieneeicia (41,0%), a ai ?? – oa?ico i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiuo ?iaeia (81,9%), iicaeiea oieneeicu (77,3%), aiaieth aa?aiaiiuo (59,6%) e oaoiieaoeaioa?ioth iaaeinoaoi/iinoue (52,1%). *anoioa aaaeiieiaeueiiai ?iaei?ac?aoaiey aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca ninoaaeyao 50,6%, a n?aaee niioonoaothueo iieacaiee /aua anaai ano?a/athony oaeea, eae “aic?anoiay ia?ai?iaeyuay” (86,3%) e aioo?eoo?iaiay aeiieney ieiaea (75,4%); e?oiiue ieiae (26,9%); oaciaia i?aaeeaaeaiea (23,9%); aiiiaeee ?iaeiaie aeayeueiinoe (18,1%) e i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiue ?ac?ua ieiaeiuo iaiei/ae (16,8%). I?e aiaeeca ninoiyiey iiai?iaeaeaiiuo iaiaoiaeeii auaeaeeoue aunieee o?iaaiue anoeenee e aeiio?ioee ?acee/iie noaiaie au?aaeaiiinoe (12,0%), a ec iinoiaoaeueiie iaoieiaee – i?aiaeaaeatho iinoaeiiene/aneay yioeaoaeiiaoey (33,4%) e aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiua caaieaaaiey (17,0%). Iniiaiuie iieacaieyie aeey i?ia?aiie?iaaiiiai aaaeaiey aa?aiaiiinoe e ?iaeia o aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca yaeythony: i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue aanieiaeey aieueoa 5 eao a neo/aa i?iaaaeaiey ea/aiey a aeinoaoi/iii iauaia; aic?ano aeaiuei iinea 35 eao; iaee/ea yeno?aaaieoaeueiie iaoieiaee n aunieei ia?eiaoaeueiui ?eneii; aoi?e/iia aanieiaeea a neo/aa aeaaee ia?aiai ieiaea eee aieueoa 3 naiii?iecaieueiuo aai?oia e ia?aianaiiua ?aiaa aeiaeieiae/aneea iia?aoeee. N oeaeueth iiaeaioiaee aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca e i?ia?aiie?iaaiiiio ?iaei?ac?aoaieth iaiaoiaeeii i?ioeeaeoe/aneia 4-?aciaia iacia/aiea a n?iee: 11-12 iaae., 18-20 iaae., 28-32 iaae. e 35-36 iaae. eiiieaena eaea?noaaiiuo n?aaenoa: aioeieneaeaiou, aaoa-aae?aiiieiaoeee, eiioiiei??aeoi?u, niaciieeoeee, iaoeeenaioeiu, a oaeaea n?aaenoaa, oeo/oathuea aeineioac aaeea a ieaoeaioa iiae eiio?ieai yoia?aoe/aneeo, aeiiiea?iiao?e/aneeo e ?aaeeieiioiieiae/aneeo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey. Eniieueciaaiea i?ia?aiie?iaaiiiai ?iaei?ac?aoaiey o aeaiuei n aanieiaeeai a aiaiiaca iicaieyao nieceoue /anoioo eana?neeo na/aiee (ni 100,0% aei 63,3%; ?<0,05); oiaiueoeoue o?iaaiue oaoiieaoeaioa?iie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe (n 53,3% aei 16,7%; ?<0,01); anoeenee iiai?iaeaeaiiuo (n 26,7% aei 6,7%; ?<0,01), a oaeaea iinoaeiiene/aneie yioeaoaeiiaoee (n 36,7% aei 10,0%; ?<0,01). Eeth/aaua neiaa: eana?aai na/aiea, aanieiaeea, aeooa?noai, ia?eiaoieiaey, i?ioeeaeoeea, ineiaeiaiey.

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