Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae??

oa o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea

IANOA?IAE A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 616.718.19-001-092-008.9-037-08+617-001

?CIEUeIAAI?, IIIAEEII? OA II?AeIAI? IIOEIAeAEAIIss OACA

(o?aaiaoe/ia oai?iaa, iaoaaie?ci, ioe?iea aaaeeino?,

i?iaiic, e?eoaaiiy)

14.01.21 — o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? eiinoeueoaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaaioa Aaeaioei Ieaenaiae?iae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??

*eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
?eueneee A?eoi? Ieeieaeiae/,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?o/oe Aeaien Aeieo?iae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieia??, i?oiiaae?? ? AIO

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiiia Aaneeue Aioiiiae/,

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae?? ? 2

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aieiai?iaeueei Ieeiea Einoyioeiiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo caaaeueii? oa iaa?aeeeaaeii?
o??o?a??, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eaiiyi o?aaiaoe/iiai oieo, aianoac?ieia??
? ?aai?iaoe??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC
Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a o?aaiaoieia?? oa
i?oiiaae??, INA oa OII

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. ia 1130 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.607.01 Oa?e?anueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io.
I.?.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooeeinueea. 80).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? oa o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io.
I.?.Neoaiea (310024, i.Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooeeinueea. 80).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe ?aae/aiei A.I.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe??

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe

Iino?aaeaeae? c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca yaeythoue niaith iaeei c iaea?eueo
aaaeeeo ? neeaaeieo eiioeiaaio?a oai?eo ia an?o aoaiao e?eoaaiiy.
No/ania o?aaia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?inoaiiyi ieoiii? aaae ? aaaeeino?
aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca (*a?ean-Caaea Ae.E.,
Eaiaiaa TH.O., Oeaoaa O.O., 1990; Segur J.M. et al., 1990; Ei?ae I.I.,
Eoeeo I.E., 1993; Uaoeei A.A., Oa?eooeeei O.A., sseeiia N.A., 1996;
Noyeueiao E.E., 1996), ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? iino?aaeaeaeeo c
iiiaeeiiith ? ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith (Aeoa?ia A.Y., 1990; Chan L. et al.,
1994; Poole G.V., Ward E.F., 1994; Pohlemann T. et al., 1994; A?o/oe
Ae.Ae. c ni?aaao., 1996).

Aaaaoiiai?oi?noue oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ? iiaeeeaeo aa??aio?a
ii?aeiaiue c ?ioeie iioeiaeaeaiiyie iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo ? aioo??oi?o
i?aai?a, /anoi c ii?ooaiiyi a?oaeueieo ooieoe?e, o?oaeiiu? ae?aaiinoeee,
neeaaei?noue e?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee, aeniea a??ia?aei?noue ?icaeoeo
iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo oneeaaeiaiue, cia/iee a?aenioie iacaaeia?eueieo
iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy aeiaaathoue ?ic?iaee a?eueo aeineiiaeeo iaoiae?a ?
oaeoeee e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiaeeiiith ? ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith
oaca.

Ca inoaii? 15-20 ?ie?a o?aaiaoieia?y caaaaoeeanue ia iia?, a?eueo
aeineiiae? oa aoaeoeai? iaoiaeeee e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oaca
(*a?ean-Caaea Ae.E., Eaiaiaa TH.O., Oeaoaa O.O., 1990; Costa P. et al.,
1992; Broos P. et al., 1992; Eooaiia N.I., 1996; A?o/oe Ae.Ae. c
ni?aaao., 1996) ? iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo a oe?eiio (Aaoeeoi? A.E.,
1988; A?yciooei Y.A., 1989; A?aaeo TH.E., Ayoe A.A., 1991). Aei oeueiai
/ano iaeiie/ai? ? ocaaaeueiai? iaai? aeai? i?i
aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?i? ? iaoieia?/i? ci?ie, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a
i?aai?ci? o a?aeiia?aeue ia o?aaio (Aea?yaei E.E., 1983; Naeaciaa N.A.,
Ooaeaeaa?aiia A.N., 1984; A?eiaa I.A., Aaicaeaa I.I., 1991; Eaeeieei
I.A., 1992; A?thoei E.A., 1994).

O?aaiaoe/ia oai?iaa (OO) o iino?aaeaeaeeo c aaaeeeie iioeiaeaeaiiyie,
iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith oaca aeyaey? naaa nenoaiieie
ii?ooaiiyie aaiiaeeiai?ee c ae?aaeaiith a?iiaieai??th, ci?iaie neeaaeo
e?ia? ? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/ieie ci?iaie aiiainoaco, ui ianooiathoue
aiane?aeie ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue o an?o i?aaiao ? nenoaiao.
Oea iio?aao? eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei e?eoaaiiy. A?aeii? aeai?
i?aaenoaaeythoue aecia/ai? caaaeueiiiaoieia?/i? caeiiii??iino? OO.

O oeae /an ia ?nio? ?aeeiiai iiaeyaeo i?i aea?? oaeoeee ? iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca. Aeaeae? a?ae naiai
ae??oaiiy ieoaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy oneeaaeiaiue,
? a oe?eiio e?eoaaeueia oaeoeea ia aoaiao. O iaoiaaiac? OO iaaeinoaoiuei
?ic?iaeai? ieoaiiy a?aeiiaeaiiy iai?iiiai aiiainoaco ? eiai iniaeeaino?
o caeaaeiino? a?ae canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o
cae?eniaiiy.

Aaaaea?oueny aeioe?eueiei eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei e?eoaaiiy
iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca, caniiaaiee ia ciaiiyo i?i
iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ? iaoio?c?ieia?/ieo ci?i, ui
iaoiiaeai? aiaoiii-ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie oaciai?
iaeano?. Aeoieo i?i iaiao?aei?noue aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy ia o?eueee caaaeueii?, aea e i?eaaoii?
iaoio?c?ieia?? o?aaie A.E.Eoeaaei aeneiaea ua o 1978 ?ioe?. I.E.Euoeei,
A.I.Iaoeaiei (1988) aaaaeathoue, ui aiae?c iniaeeainoae OO i?e o?aaiao
??ciiiai?oii? eieae?caoe?? ? iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a ae??oaiiy
oe??? i?iaeaie. E??i oiai, oaeineiiaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a ?
?ic?iaea iiaeo niinia?a e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo, ca iaoith aeoieith, iio?aao? iaoio?c?ieia?/iiai
inieneaiiy oa iaoiaaiaoe/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy.

Aeeeaaeaia na?ae/eoue i?i aeooaeuei?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy
iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao OO, aeeiai?ee iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a ? ?o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy, a oaeiae aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae
iaoaaie?/ieo ci?i i?e ??ciiai oa?aeoa?a caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiiyo,
?ic?iaea iaoiae?a ?o i?iaiicoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee. Aaaaea?oueny
aeioe?eueiei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei e?eoaaiiy, ?ic?iaea ieoaiue
o??o?a?/ii? oaeoeee, iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno c o?aooaaiiyi
iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao OO o iino?aaeaeaeeo c o?aaiith
oaca.

Ana oea iineoaoaaei i?aenoaaith aei i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy

?ic?iaeoe nenoaio iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
iino?aaeaeaeei c o?aaiith oaca ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaco,
aaaeeino? ? i?iaiico o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, oa?aeoa?o ? aeeiai?ee
iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a, ui aeicaieeoue iie?ioeoe iane?aeee e?eoaaiiy ?
cieceoe eaoaeuei?noue.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aea/eoe oa?aeoa? o?aaie oaca, aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o ?? ci?i;
oaeineiiaeeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th o?aaie oaca.

2. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo? iioeiaeaeaiiy
?ic?iaeoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaio ioe?ieo ? anoaiiaeoe aaee aaaeeino?
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca.

3. Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ? caeaaei?noue ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae
a?ae oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ?
oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy.

4. Anoaiiaeoe noai i?ioean?a iai?io o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o
iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? aa??aioaie ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae.

5. ?ic?iaeoe ? oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaee ?iiia?e?caoe?? ? e?eoaaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca.

6. Aecia/eoe e?eoa??? i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee oneeaaeiaiue
o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca.

7. ?ic?iaeoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaio nenoaio e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c
iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue.

8. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy o iaeaeeae/iio ?
a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao aeaoe ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie
e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a.

Iaoa??ae oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy

?iaioa caniiaaia ia aiae?c? iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy 1167 iino?aaeaeaeeo c
iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca (iiiaeeiiee oa ii?aeiaiee oa?aeoa? o?aaie iaa
i?noea o 764 niinoa?aaeaiiyo — 65,47%), ui ciaoiaeeeeny ia e?eoaaii? o
Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeani?e ee?i?/i?e o?aaiaoieia?/i?e e?ea?i? aiiaeiaae
inoaii?o 16 ?ie?a. A?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy o oa?i?i a?ae 6
i?nyoe?a aei 16 ?ie?a aea/ai? o 668 oai?eo. O ?iaio? aeei?enoai?
ee?i?/i?, ?aioaaiia?ao?/i?, ee?i?ei-a?io?i?/i?, aaeoa??ieia?/i?,
aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/i? ? iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenieo aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e o?aaiaoieia?? oa i?oiiaae??
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? IAe?OI (? aea?ae.
?a?no?aoe?? 01860038117; UAO1002284?), ainiaeiaia??ii? oaie IAe? (?
aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? 01880075820).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe

Aia?oa ia i?eeeaae? aaeeeiai i?iieneiaiai oeaio?o cae?eniaii aiae?c
oa?aeoa?o o?aaie ? aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca, ui
aeicaiey? aeaoe nioe?aeueii-iaaee/io ioe?ieo ? i?iaanoe ?ic?iaeo
i?aai?caoe?eieo ? iaaee/ieo caoiae?a. O eeaneo?eaoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue
oaca aaaaeaiee aeiaeaoie — o?aaiaioa?i? iioeiaeaeaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia ?iai/a
eeaneo?eaoe?y ?cieueiaaieo, iiiaeeiieo oa ii?aeiaieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca.

Iaoiaeaie aaaaoioaeoi?iiai iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co aecia/aia
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia ioe?iea aaaeeino? o?aai oaca, anoaiiaeai? aaee
aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue. Anoaiiaeai? aaee/eie aeao?oeeoo IOeE i?e
??ciiio oa?aeoa?? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, ui aeicaiey? o aino?iio ia??iae?
o?aaie ia i?aenoaa? ee?i?/ieo ? ?aioaaiia?ao?/ieo aeaieo i?aaeeueii
ioe?ieoe aaaee?noue noaio iino?aaeaeaeiai, iiaiioe?iii cae?enithaaoe
?aai?iaoe?eii-i?ioeoieiaee eiiieaen.

Aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo ?
ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca.

Ia iniia? nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aia?oa cae?eniaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea
noaio i?ioean?a iai?io o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciith aaaee?noth
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, oneeaaeiaiei ? iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii OO.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie caeeaaeathoueny o
aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie. Aeeiai?/ia ioe?iea a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a
na?ae/eoue ia o?eueee i?i oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, a e
aaeaeaaoi?noue aai iaaaeaeaaoi?noue e?eoaaeueiiai eiiieaeno, ui
i?iaiaeeoueny. Iieacaii — nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ? o?eaaeino?
eaoaaie?/ii? ?aaeoe?? caeaaeeoue a?ae canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ?
oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy.

Aecia/aii ?yae ?ioi?iaoeaieo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a aino?iai ia??iaeo
o?aaie (ia oe? iayaieo ci?i aiiainoaco, iaoiiaeaieo aaaee?noth o?aaie),
anoaiiaeai? ae?aaiinoe/i? eiao?oe??ioe, ye? aeicaieythoue e?euee?nii
aecia/eoe ae?aaeai?noue iniaeeainoae ci?i i?ioean?a iai?io i?e ?icaeoeo
caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee niin?a ?o i?iaiicoaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaii ? aeei?enoaii a e?eoaaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? ?yae oi?aa?naeueieo ?
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo eiino?oeoe?e aia?ao?a iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco
oaca. Aecia/ai? iieacaiiy, ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ?o aeei?enoaiiy i?e
??cieo iioeiaeaeaiiyo oaca. ?ic?iaeai? iia? i?eno?i? ? i?enoinoaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? noaa?eueii? oeeaaeee oaca ? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ui
caaacia/othoue ?iiia?e?caoe?th o aino?iio ia??iae?, ?aiiceoe?th ?
ooieoe?iiaeueia e?eoaaiiy ia aoaiao. A?iiaoai?/ii iaa?oioiaai?
?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee a?aee?eoiai inoaineioaco eiaeiaiai neio?co.
?ic?iaeaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia nenoaia e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo o
caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, iiiaeeiiiai ? ii?aeiaiiai
eiiiiiaioa o?aaie. ?ic?iaeaia e?eoaaeueia oaeoeea, yea a?aoiao?
iayai?noue iioeiaeaeaiue i’yeeo oeaiei oaciai? iaeano? ? caaacia/o?
iiaeeea?noue iiia?aaeaeaiiy caiaeueii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue.

C iiceoe?e eiioeaioe?? o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, ia i?aenoaa? ioe?iee
iniiaieo aeae?a iai?io, aeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo e?eoaaeueieo
caoiae?a, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia ciaioaiiy iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue, cieaeaiiy
nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? ? o?eaaeino? eaoaaie?/ii? oace iai?io ?a/iaei.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o i?aeoeeo

Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? iniiaieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a, ye?
iaoiiaeththoue o?aaiaoe/io oai?iao o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie
oaca. ?ic?iaeaia ?iai/a eeaneo?eaoe?y, anoaiiaeaia aaeueia ioe?iea
aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, aecia/ai? aeao?oeeoe IOeE aeicaieythoue
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii ioe?ieoe aaaee?noue noaio iino?aaeaeaeeo ?
cae?enithaaoe iaoiaaiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei aeai?o e?eoaaeueii? oaeoeee.

?ic?iaeai? oi?aa?naeuei? ? niaoe?ae?ciaai? eiino?oeoe?? aia?ao?a
iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca ? oaoiieia?y ?o aeei?enoaiiy,
aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? iieacaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? iia? i?eno?i? ?aoe?iiaeueii?
noaa?eueii? ?iiia?e?caoe?? ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy oaca ? ieaei?o
e?ioe?aie. A?iiaoai?/ii iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaeeee a?aee?eoiai inoaineioaco
eiaeiaiai neio?co. Oaeineiiaeaia o??o?a?/ia oaeoeea ? e?eoaaiiy
iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyi i’yeeo oeaiei oaciai? iaeano?,
?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeaiioa?iiai i?aea?ooaaiiy oaca, yea iiia?aaeaeo?
?icaeoie iae?io?io?/ii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue.

I?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?o aiae?c aeicaieea
iaea?aeaoe iia? aeai? i?i noai i?ioean?a iai?io o iino?aaeaeaeeo c
iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ??cii? aaaeeino?, oneeaaeiaiei ? iaoneeaaeiaiei
ia?aa?aii OO. Anoaiiaeai? ?ioi?iaoeai? iieacieee ? ?ic?iaeaii iiaee
niin?a ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue.
Aecia/aii, ui aea/ai? iieacieee aeeiai?ee i?ioean?a iai?io, ye?
i?iaaaeai? o a?oiao iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??cieie iaoiaeaie e?eoaaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ? oa?i?iaie ?o cae?eniaiiy, ? ia’?eoeaieie e?eoa??yie
aoaeoeaiino? cae?eniaieo e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a ? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ii? oa?ai??. ?aii?e inoaineioac ianoaa?eueieo
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca c iiceoe?e eiioeaioe?? OO — iaoiaaiaoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaiee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaiiai
eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeicaieeei, o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c
ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? ii?aeiaiei oa?aeoa?ii o?aaie
cieceoe ia 30,46% eaoaeuei?noue o ia?o? o?e aeiae a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie ?
ia 8,63% — a?ae ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae. *enei
aeia?eo a?aeaeaeaieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue
oaca ca?eueoeeinue ia 30,19% ? caaaeueieo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a ia
31,48%.

Aacoth/enue ia i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ?ic?iaeai? 2 iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, 3 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoa, 1 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe, oaoiieia?y
iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca oa i?eno?i? aeey eiai cae?eniaiiy
oi?iaaaeaeai? ia ee?i?/ieo aacao eaoaae? o?aaiaoieia?? ? i?oiiaae??
Aeiiaoeueeiai, Eoaainueeiai, E?einueeiai iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a,
Caii??cueeiai ?inoeoooa oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a oa 23 o?aaiaoieia?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiiyo e?ea?aiue i. Aeiiaoeueea, Aeiiaoeueei?, Caii??cueei? ?
Eoaainueei? iaeanoae.

Iaoa??aee ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny o eaeoe?eiiio eo?n? oa i?e
i?iaaaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c nooaeaioaie ? e?ea?yie-?ioa?iaie
Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a

I?aaenoaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoa??aee i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iniaenoei
aianeii aaoi?a a ?ic?iaeaio i?iaeaio. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaii iaoo
oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea?? no/anieo iaoiaee/ieo cania?a,
i?iaaaeaii eiiieaen iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ianoaaeaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo
aaeaeaaoieie iaoiaeaie ae?aaiinoeee. Cae?eniaia iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea oa
aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a, ?o oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy c iaoeiaeie aeniiaeaie
oa i?aeoe/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie. Aaoi? aeia?a aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy noaa?e?caoe?? oa aeei?enoaiiy iicaina?aaeeiaiai
inoaineioaco oaca o aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae. ?ic?iaea
iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaio nenoaio iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? iaaee/ii?
aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei o caeaaeiino? a?ae oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiue
oaca, iiiaeeiiiai oa ii?aeiaiiai eiiiiiaioa o?aaie. Iniaenoi iia?oaaa oa
eo?e?oaaa a?eueoo /anoeio iino?aaeaeaeeo. Cai?iiiioaaa ?aeath oa aoa
iniiaiei ?ic?iaieeii 3 aeiaoiae?a eiino?oeoe?e aia?ao?a
iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca, 1 aeiaoiaea ia i?eno??e
?aoe?iiaeueii? ?iiia?e?caoe?? oaca ? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie, ui caaacia/o?
?aiiceoe?th ? ooieoe?iiaeueia e?eoaaiiy ia aoaiao, 2 aeiaoiae?a ca
iaoiaeeeaie a?aee?eoiai inoaineioaco eiaeiaiai neio?co, 1 — niin?a
i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, ye? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie oa iaoaioaie. Iaa?oiooaaa oaeoeeo ? oaoiieia?th
aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aia?ao?a iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca.
I?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy o i?aeoe/io iaaeeoeeio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia nan??
?anioae?eainueeiai iaoeiai-o/aiai-i?aeoe/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy «O?aaiaoieia?y
oa i?oiiaae?y», ui i?enay/aia 70-??//th Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo i?oiiaae?? (Ee?a, 1989); ??? I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? ii
oaeineiiaeaiith aia?ao?a ? iaoiae?a ciai?oiuei? o?enaoe?? (?eaa, 1989);
I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaaeeoeeia eaoano?io» (Iineaa, 1990); O??
Ananithciiio c’?cae? ?aioaaiieia?a oa ?aae?ieia?a (Eaieia?aae, 1990);
?anioae?eainueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo «Iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiua
e aeieiae/aneea aniaeou aaciianiinoe aeaeaeaiey ia ai?iaeneii
iannaaee?neii o?ainii?oa» (Aeiiaoee, 1990), «Eiaaeeaeiinoue io o?aai e
caaieaaaiee iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa, aii?inu ?aaaeeeoaoeee»
(Aeiieoea, 1990), «I?ioeeaeoeea ineiaeiaiee i?e o?aaiao e caaieaaaieyo
iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa (Aeiiaoee, 1991), c ?aioaaiieia??
(Ee?iaia?aae, 1991), «?ieue oeaio??a e?noeiai-ai?eii? o??o?a?? a
ae?aaiinoeoe?, i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia inoaii??e?o a
Oe?a?i?» (AEeoiie?, 1996), «Eo?i?oiay ?aaaeeeoaoeey aieueiuo n
iia?aaeaeaieyie e caaieaaaieyie iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa»
(Iaeanna, 1996), «Oaeeeiaiea eiia/iinoae, caiauaiea aeaoaeoia einoae»
(E?ui, sseoa, 1996); ieaioiao i?aae?iiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie «Iioeiaeaeaiiy oa caoai?thaaiiy oaca»
(Oa?nii, 1993), «Ai?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy a i?oiiaae?? ? o?aaiaoieia??»
(Iieoaaa, 1995); VIII oeie? e?a?i NIAe c a?ieia?? ? iaoieia??
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (Ee?a, 1996); 6 c’?cae? o?aaiaoieia?a ?
i?oiiaae?a ?in?? (Ieaeiee Iiaai?iae, 1997); ia i?aeiaeanieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (Eoaainuee, 1996, Aei?i?i?oaeia, 1996);
can?aeaiiyo Aeiiaoeueeiai iaeaniiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a (1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996) ?
aianoaceieia?a-?aai?iaoieia?a (1995).

Ioae?eaoe??

Ca iaoa??aeaie ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 65 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, o oiio /ene? 2
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, 3 ?ioi?iaoe?eieo eenoa, 1 ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeey e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe caoeuai?
aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie a.n. 1109136, 1644936, 1667851 ? iaoaioaie:
1804316, iaoaio ?O 2015688, iaoaio Oe?a?ie 6574, 20023.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??

?iaioa iaienaia ?in?enueeith iiaith, neeaaea?oueny c aaaaeaiiy, 8 aeaa,
aeniiae?a ? iieaae/eea e?oa?aoo?e. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 328
noi??ieao, ?ethno?iaaia 73 oaaeeoeyie, 4 noaiaie, 58 iaethieaie.
Iieaae/ee e?oa?aoo?e — 58 noi??iie, ia? 419 a?o/eciyieo (o oiio /ene?
e?a?i NIAe) oa 206 ?iicaiieo aeaea?aea. Aeiaeaoie A ia 17 noi??ieao ia?
nienie oai?eo, aeai? i?i yeeo iieeaaeai? o iniiao ?iaioe; aeiaeaoie A —
45 noi??iie — aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

??oaiiy caaea/ ?iaioe cae?enithaaeiny o oiae? e?eoaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
1167 iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o oa aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiiyie
oaca, ye? ciaoiaeeeeny ia e?eoaaii? a iaeani?e ee?i?/i?e
o?aaiaoieia?/i?e e?ea?i? i. Aeiiaoeueea aiiaeiaae inoaii?o 16 ?ie?a.
?cieueiaai?, iiiaeeii? oa ii?aeiai? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca iaee i?noea o 733
(62,81%) /ieia?e?a oa 434 (37,19%) ae?iie.

Iaoa??aeuei? i?e/eie oa ianoaaeie iioeiaeaeaiue oaca o ia?aaaaei?e
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iineee ianeaiee oa?aeoa?, ae?yee c aaeeeith
aeeiai?/iith neeith oa iaee oaciee oa?aeoa?. Iniiaia e?euee?noue
iioeiaeaeaiue noaeany aiane?aeie o?ainii?oieo i?eaiae — 616 (52,78%).
Ae?iaie/? o?aaie — 264 (22,62%) iino?aaeaeaeeo.

?cieueiaaia o?aaia oaca aoea o 403 (34,53%) iino?aaeaeaeeo, o 168
(14,40%) — iiiaeeiia, o 591 (50,64%) — ii?aeiaia, ? o 5 (0,43%) —
eiia?iiaaia.

O?aaia aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ? nenoai oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ia?aaaaeiei
o?aaeaiiyi oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie — 425 iino?aaeaeaeeo (71,31%),
iio?i iioeiaeaeaiiyie i?aai?a a?oaeii? ee?oeie — 149 (25,00%), iaeiai
oaca — 136 (22,82%), /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie — 108 (18,12%). No?oeoo?a
ii?aeiaii? o?aaie oaca na?ae/eoue i?i cia/iee nooi?iue iaoai?/iiai
aieeao. Iaeii/ania iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca, iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (I?A) oa
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a iaei i?noea o 70,47% niinoa?aaeaiue (420
iino?aaeaeaeeo); iaeii/ania iioeiaeaeaiiy aioo??oi?o i?aai?a aeaio oa
a?eueoa aiaoiii-oiiia?ao?/ieo iaeanoae — o 41,95% (250 iino?aaeaeaeeo).

A?aee?eo? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca iaee i?noea o 5,06% niinoa?aaeaiue.

Aaaaoiiiae?ai?noue iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, ??cieo ca oa?aeoa?ii oa
eieae?caoe??th o?aai aioo??oi?o i?aai?a ? ia?aeii?a ?ioeo naaiaio?a I?A,
iaoiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ?iai/i? eeaneo?eaoe??, o iniiao yei?
iieeaaeaii oa?aeoa? aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca.

?ic?iaeaia ?iai/a eeaneo?eaoe?y ?cieueiaaii?, iiiaeeiii? oa ii?aeiaii?
o?aaie oaca ia?aaeaa/a? /ioe?e a?oie iioeiaeaeaiue oaca.

? a?oia — ia?aeiie oaca aac ii?ooaiiy aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey
(noaa?euei? ia?aeiie).

?? a?oia — ia?aeiie oa iioeiaeaeaiiy c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino?
iaeiiai c a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey (oiiaii noaa?euei? iioeiaeaeaiiy
oaca).

??? a?oia — ia?aeiie oa iioeiaeaeaiiy c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino?
iaeii/anii ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey
(ianoaa?euei? ia?aeiie).

IV a?oia — ia?aeiie aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie c caeoii (i?aecaeoii) noaaia
? aac iueiai. O oe?e a?oi? ie aeae?ey?ii aeaa iniiaieo aeaee ia?aeii?a:
ia?aeiie aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie aac ii?ooaiiy aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai
e?eueoey ? ia?aeiie c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey.

O eeaneo?eaoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue oaca aaaaeaia aeiiiaiaiiy — o?aaiaioa?ia
iioeiaeaeaiiy, yeei ? iiaea?eia (aai a?eueoa) iioeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiueiai
aai caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey, a oaeiae iioeiaeaeaiiy
ia?aaeiueiai ? (aai) caaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
ia?aeiiii aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie, yeee oaeiae ii?ooo? aacia?a?ai?noue
oaciaiai e?eueoey.

O iaaeaii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ca
aeine?aeaeoaaiee ?ioa?aae /ano iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e ia??iaee (?-e —
1980-1984 ??. — 336 oai?eo; ??-e — 1985-1989 ??. — 308; ???-e — 1990
-1995 ??. — 523), ui ?ic??ciythoueny ca iaoiaee/iei i?aeoiaeii aei
ieoaiue eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo. O oe? ia??iaee iaie
?ic?iaethaaeany, ai?iaiaoaaeany, oaeineiiaethaaeany oa cae?enithaaeany
iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia, c iiceoe?e OO, nenoaia iaaeaiiy
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca.

O?aaia oaca, ca aeaieie ii??aiyeueiiai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co ia?oeo oa
inoaii?o i’yoe ?ie?a niinoa?aaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany e?euee?niei
c?inoaiiyi /enea iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith ?
ye?niith ci?iith no?oeoo?e — ia 17,04% ae?inea e?euee?noue
iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? ciaioeeanue ia
13,68% e?euee?noue niinoa?aaeaiue c iioeiaeaeaiiyie aac ii?ooaiiy
aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey. Iino?aaeaeae? c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca,
ui ii?ooothoue aacia?a?ai?noue ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai eiai
a?aeae?e?a — ianoaa?euei? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca — neeaee iaea?eueo /eneaiio
a?oio — 30,93% (361).

A?eueo?noue iino?aaeaeaeeo (61,8%) aeinoaaeai? o IEOE aiiaeiaae ia?oeo
aeaio aiaeei i?ney o?aaie; 18,7% — o oa?i?i a?ae 2 aei 4 aiaeei, c ?o
/enea 110 — iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie oaooii? o?aaie; o oa?i?i, ui
ia?aaeuo? 24 aiaeeie — 11,74%.

Aaaee?noue caaaeueiiai noaio iino?aaeaeaeeo i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? caeaaeaea
a?ae aaee/eie aiaoii?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca oa oeaiei oaciai? iaeano?,
iayaiino? oa oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiue ?ioeo naaiaio?a neaeaoa,
ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa aiaoii?/ieo iioeiaeaeaiue aieiaiiai iiceo oa
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, a oaeiae ci?i o ae?yeueiino? oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai?,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii?, aeeoaeueii?, aiaeie?eiii? nenoai, i?ioean?a iai?io,
ye? ianoaaaee, ye a?aeiia?aeia ?aaeoe?y ia o?aaio, e?iaiao?aoo ? iineee
aeeiai?/iee oa?aeoa?.

Oie o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ?cieueiaaiith o?aaiith iaa i?noea o 12,90% (52
niinoa?aaeaiiy c 403), c iiiaeeiiei oa?aeoa?ii o?aaie — o 45,24% (76 c
168), c ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith — o 72,82% (434 c 596).

Eaoaeuei? iane?aeee c caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iino?aaeaeaeeo c
?cieueiaaiith o?aaiith oaca neeaee 0,74%, o an?o niinoa?aaeaiiyo
iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca iineee ianoaa?eueiee oa?aeoa?, ui neeaei o oe?e a?oi?
5,77%. Nia?oi?noue o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie
iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca oa c o?aaiith I?A — 31,25%. Iino?aaeaeae? c
ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai
e?eueoey o a?oi? ii?aeiaieo iioeiaeaeaiue neeaee iaea?eueo aaaeeo
ee?i?/io a?oio — e?euee?noue eaoaeueieo iane?aee?a — 48,66%.

Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue eaoaeueieo iane?aee?a i?eiaaea? ia ia?oo aeiao —
65,35%, aiiaeiaae ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a caaeioei 75,33% iino?aaeaeaeeo.
Iniiai? i?e/eie nia?oaeueieo iane?aee?a — o?aaiaoe/iee oie oa ianeaia
e?iaiao?aoa. Oea aiai?eoue ye i?i aaaee?noue o?aaie, oae ? i?i oa, ui
iaea?eueo neeaaei? caaaeaiiy uiaei iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy,
cieaeaiiy eaoaeueiino?, iiaeii? ae??ooaaoeny a?ae iiiaioo iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
iino?aaeaeaeiai, ? aiie aeiaaathoue eiiieaeniiai, iaoiaaiaoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei oaeoeee
e?eoaaiiy i?iaaaeaii ?ao?iniaeoeaiee aiae?c 720 ?noi??e oai?ia
iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??cieie ca oa?aeoa?ii iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca. Ia
i?aenoaa? iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co ?yaeo ??aiyiue ?aa?an?? cae?eniaii
aecia/aiiy aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ioe?iee aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca
(oaae.). Oea aeicaieeei aeiiiaieoe oeaeo aaeueii? ioe?iee aaaeeino?
o?aai ? aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy Naieo-Iaoa?ao?cueeiai
IAe? oaeaeei? aeiiiiiae iaea?aeaoe o 93% aeiaaee?a a??ia?aeiee i?iaiic.

Oaaeeoey

Aaeueia ioe?iea oieiaaiiino? o?aai oaca

?Iaeiaioaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue Aae1.?cieueiaai?, e?aeia? ia?aeiie e?noie
oaca, ia?aeii e?eae?a ieae/a ca ??aaiue e?eaeiai-eeoaiaeo noaeia?a,
ia?aeii eoi?eea.0,12.Iaeiia?/i? ia?aeiie ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca,
?ic?ea neio?co; ia?aeiie aeia aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie ?c caeoii
(i?aecaeoii) noaaia aac ii?ooaiiy aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai
e?eueoey.0,53.Ia?aeiie ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca + ?ic?ea eiaeiaiai
neio?co ?c ci?uaiiyi o?aaiaioo.1,04.Iiiaeeii? (o?aaiaioa?i?) ia?aeiie
ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca; iiiaeeii? ia?aeiie aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie
c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey.1,55.Iiiaeeii?
(o?aaiaioa?i?) ia?aeiie ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca + ia?aeiie
aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie aac ii?ooaiiy aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai
e?eueoey.2,06.Iiiaeeii? ia?aeiie ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca +
ia?aeiie aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai
e?eueoey (o?aaiaioa?i?ia?aeiie ia?aaeiueiai + ia?aaeiuei-aieiaiai
a?aeae?eo oaciaiai e?eueoey).2,57.Ia?aeiie c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino?
ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey (ianoaa?euei?
ia?aeiie).4,08.Ia?aeiie c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey
iaeii/anii o ia?aaeiueiio, caaeiueiio a?aeae?eao oa a iaeano?
aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie (a?o?aaiaioa?i? ia?aeiie oaciaiai
e?eueoey).5,09.A?aee?eoee iiiaeeiiee ia?aeii e?noie oaca c ii?ooaiiyi
noaa?eueiino? oaca, c iayai?noth iioe?aii? ?aie, c ?ico?iuaiiyi i’yeeo
oeaiei.7,010.A?ae?ea iieiaeie oaca.12,011.Iioeiaeaeaiiy o?ao?e, na/iaiai
i?oo?a. ?aaia ?aia oaciai? iaeano?.1,012.Iioe?aia iioeiaeaeaiiy i’yeeo
oeaiei oaciai? iaeano? (neaeueiiaaia ?aia c ?ico?iuaiiyi i’yeeo oeaiei,
a?aeoa?oaaiiy oe??e, i?aeoe??ii-aee?iai? ee?oeiaeie, iioe?aia aaiaoiia
oaciai? oa iiia?aeiai? iaeanoae).1,5

Aca?iicaeaaei?noue aaaeeino? caaaeueiiai noaio iino?aaeaeaeeo oa
aaaeeino? ?o iioeiaeaeaiue aeicaieeea cao?ooaaoe a?oie iino?aaeaeaeeo,
ui aea/athoueny, ye ca aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, oae ? iie?o?aaie a
oe?eiio: 1 — eaae? iioeiaeaeaiiy, 2 — iioeiaeaeaiiy na?aaeiuei?
aaaeeino?, 3 — aaaee? iioeiaeaeaiiy. Aiaeia?/iei /eiii aeae?eythoueny
eiioeiaaioe niinoa?aaeaiiy o ia?oeo o?ueio a?oiao iie?o?aaie oaca. 4
a?oia ii?aeio? niinoa?aaeaiiy c aeoaea aaaeeith iie?o?aaiith.
Iino?aaeaeae? oe??? a?oie iaaeoiaeyoue o aeoaea aaaeeiio noai?, o oioe?
??? nooiaith, aai o oa?i?iaeueiiio noai?, ui iaoiiaeaii ianoaa?eueiei
iioeiaeaeaiiyi oaca o ii?aeiaii? c aaaeeeie iioeiaeaeaiiyie i?aai?a
a?oaeii? ee?oeie, /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie, aaaeeith *IO, o a?eueoino?
niinoa?aaeaiue c iayai?noth ia?aeii?a aaeeeeo naaiaio?a I?A.

O ia??iae o?aaiaoe/iiai oieo ae?thoue aaiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaai?
aia?aii?noe? iaoai?cie oa?i?iiai? aaeaioaoe??. Eaoaaie?/iee oeyo iai?io
? iaoiaaiaoe/iith iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy ianooiieo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o
oeaieiao ? i?aaiao. Oea iaoiiaeth? cia/ei?noue eiiieaeno caoiae?a, ui
cae?eniththoueny o aino?iio oa ?aiiueiio iinoo?aaiaoe/iiio ia??iaeao, ye
oaeeo, ui aecia/athoue i?iaiic oa e?ioeaaee ?acoeueoao e?eoaaiiy a
oe?eiio. O iniia? eaaeeoue aca?iica’ycie o?ueio a?oi oaeoi??a:

— oa?aeoa? iaea?aeaieo iioeiaeaeaiue;

— noai aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio
iino?aaeaeaeiai;

— aaeaeaaoi?noue i?ioeoieiaiai eiiieaeno.

Aieiaiith eaieith, ca?aeii c iaoeie niinoa?aaeaiiyie, ?
eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioaoe?ei? ?aca?ae i?aai?cio. Iani?eyoeea? aa??aioe
ia?aa?ao iaoiiaeai?:

1) iaaeinoaoi?noth eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aca?a?a aiane?aeie
aaaeeino? ii?oieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue o i?aaiao ? nenoaiao o aca?iica’yceo c
oa?aeoa?ii iioeiaeaeaiue oa niiaoe/iei noaoonii ia iiiaio o?aaie,
nooiaiai cieaeaiiy ?aca?a?a eiiiainaoe??;

2) ia?aae?ciaai?noth eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioaoe?eieo ?aca?a?a o ca’yceo c
oei, ui iiaeeea? iaoai?cie eiiiainaoe?? ia oa?ieioeeny ? ia aoee
caaacia/ai? cae?enithaaiei eiiieaenii e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a.

A?aeii? iaoiaaiaoe/i? oaeoi?e OO — a?eue, e?iaiao?aoa, ?ioieneeaoe?y,
a?iiaeeiai?/iee neiae?ii — iathoue o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie
oaca aecia/ai? iniaeeaino?, ye? iaoiiaeai? aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/ieie
no?oeoo?aie iioeiaeaeaiiy.

Oea iaoiiaeth? oa, ui e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen aino?iai ia??iaeo o?aaie
iiaeiai ia?aaeaa/aoe caoiaee, ye? caaacia/othoue iiaiioe?iio
noaa?e?caoe?th ? iiaeeeao ei?aeoe?th iioeiaeaeaieo no?oeoo? oaca, oei
naiei cieaeoth/e ?ioaineai?noue aieueiaeo iiae?aciaiue ? aaee/eio ianyao
e?iaiao?aoe. Neacaia aeicaiey? ae?ac “ianoaa?eueiee ia?aeii oaca”
?aeaioeo?eoaaoe c neiaii “oie”, aecia/ath/e iaiao?aei?noue oa?i?iiaiai
iaaeaiiy aeiiiiiae. Iaoiaaiaoe/ii oea iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noth
ciaioaiiy aieueiaiai neiae?iio oa ianyao e?iaiao?aoe oeyoii
noaa?e?caoe?? o?aaiaio?a oaca, iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco o aino?iio
ia??iae? o?aaie.

Aiae?c iai?iiiai aiiainoaco ca iaoneeaaeiaiiai (aac oneeaaeiaiue — AO)
ia?aa?ao OO cae?eniaiee o o?ueio a?oiao iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciith
aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue oaca i?e eiina?aaoeaieo iaoiaeao e?eoaaiiy: ?
a?oia (?-AO) — caaaeueiee aae aaaeeino? o?aaie aei 1,0; ?? a?oia —
(??-AO) — caaaeueiee aae aaaeeino? o?aaie a?ae 1 aei 4 (2,8±0,21); ???
a?oia (???-AO) — caaaeueiee aae aaaeeino? aeuee ca 4 — 5,6±0,29.

Aea/aiiy ii?oieia?/iiai neeaaeo e?ia?, o aeeiai?oe? ia?aa?ao OO,
iieacaei a?aeiia?aei?noue eiai aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue, ?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeiny ??ciei nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? aaee/ei cieaeaiiy
e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ? ai?noo aaiiaeia?io, ?icaeoeii ii?iio?iiii?
aiai??, aaiie?co, i?eai?/aiiy aaiiiiaco, iaeo?io?eueiei eaeeioeeoicii,
aaniethoiith e?ioiiai??th.

Aeey ioe?iee a?io?i?/iiai noaoono iino?aaeaeaeeo aecia/aee o ieaci?
e?ia? oae? iieacieee: aeaeo?ie?oe (eae?e, iao??e, eaeueoe?e), caaaeueiee
a?eie oa a?eeia? o?aeoe??, caaaeueiee oieanoa?ei, o?eae?oea?eaee,
aetheico, na/iaeio, na/iao eeneioo, e?aaoei?i, a?e??oa?i oa eiai
o?aeoe??, e?iii?ioa?aee, aeoeai?noue aeueoa-ai?eace, ai?iio?ainoa?ac,
oinoaoac, aaiia-aethoai?io?ainoa?ace (AAO), e?aaoeie?iace,
eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (EAeA), AeIE-ace, ?IE-ace, eaoaineia Ae, iaeiiiaee
ae?aeueaeaa?ae (IAeA), ae??iia? eii’thaaoe (AeE), ia?aeeniee aaiie?c
a?eo?ioeeo?a (IAA), ??aaiue iieaeoe na?aaeiuei? iane (INI). A?io?i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia 1-2, 3, 4-7, 8-14, 5-21, 22-30 aeiao a?ae
iiiaioo o?aaie.

Iniaeea?noth a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oiao aoei oa,
ui aea/aiiy cae?enithaaeiny o ee?i?/ieo oiiaao, iaeii/anii c
i?iaaaeaiiyi eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a.

Cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai eaeueoe?th a?aecia/aia oiiaeiaae
1-2 ae?a a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie o a?oiao ??-AO (2,16±0,07 iiieue/e) oa
???-AO (1,96±0,13 iiieue/e), ye na?ae/aiiy oiai, ui aaaeea iaoai?/ia
o?aaia i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?iieaeueoe??i??. Ai?no iao??th ? eae?th o
ieaci? e?ia? o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciei nooiaiai aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue
ia aeoiaeea ca iaae? eieeaaiiy o?ceieia?/ii? ii?ie.

??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea e?ia?, aaee/eie a?iiaeueaoi?iai?? oa
a?ia?aeiaoe?iai?? ei??aethaaee c aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue, ianyaii
e?iaiao?aoe; i?e oeueiio iaeieae/? oeeo?e ai?noo a?eea o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oi iino?aaeaeaeeo a?aecia/ai? ia 3 aeiao a?ae iiiaioo
o?aaie (a?. ?-AO — 62,67±2,40 a/e; a?. ??-AO — 60,27±1,78 a/e; a?.
???-AO — 55,88±1,27 a/e). I?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeueoa-1-aeiaoe?i?a
iaeneiaeueii a?aeaoaaeiny oiiaeiaae ia?oiai oeaeiy a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie.
Neeaae o?aeoe?? aaiia-aeiaoe?i?a i?aeaeuoaaany, ii/eiath/e c e?ioey
ia?oiai oeaeiy OO.

Iaeaeu? iieacieee ai?noo e?aaoei?io o an?o a?oiao a?aecia/ai? aiiaeiaae
ia?oeo 3-o ae?a aea/aiiy, i?e oeueiio iaeneiaeuei? — o a?oi? aaaeeeo
iioeiaeaeaiue. Oea, o ia?oo /a?ao, aoei iia’ycaiei c ae?aaeai?noth
eaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a?eeiaeo no?oeoo? i’yciai? oeaieie. O
iiaeaeueoiio niinoa??aaeany no?eea oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a
o an?o a?oiao.

Aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y aetheice o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie
na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino? ? aaaeeeie, ui ? iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith aiiaeiaae
ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a (6,57±0,59 iiieue/e ? 6,33±0,33 iiieue/e), na?ae/eea
i?i i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo aeo?ao i?aai?cio. O oe? ae oa?i?ie oaeiae ?
iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiith aeoeai?noue EAeA (a?. ???-AO — 914,70±95,76 u/l;
a?. ??-AO — 826,25±164,39 u/l). C 4-7 aeiae o aeacaieo a?oiao ii/eiaeiny
iinooiiaa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? EAeA, a c o?aoueiai oeaeiy —
a?aeiiaethaaeeny ?? ii?iaeuei? cia/aiiy.

O aeeiai?oe? ia?aa?ao OO ia 3 aeiao a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie o iino?aaeaeaeeo
a?aecia/aia cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a eiioeaio?aoe?? e?iii?ioa?ae?a aeueoa oa
i?a-aaoa (a?. ??-AO — 16,95±1,91%; a?. ??? -AO — 18,03±2,93%) ?
i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? e?iii?ioa?ae?a eeano aaoa aeua ??aiy
aa?oiuei? iaae? ii?ie (a?. ??-AO — 56,40±1,23%; a?. ???-AO —
52,34±2,73%). O a?oi? ?-AO aeacai? ci?ie iieaciee?a iinyoue oa?aeoa?
oaiaeaioe??, aea ia aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? ii?ie.

A?iioieanoa?eiai?y o a?oi? ???-AO a?aecia/aeany oiiaeiaae ia?oeo aeaio
oeaei?a aea/aiiy, a o a?oi? ??-AO — aiiaeiaae ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a c
iiaeaeueoith ii?iae?caoe??th.

Ca?eueoaiiy o ieaci? e?ia? eiioeaio?aoe?? AeE a?aeaoaaeiny o an?o
a?oiao, ye? aea/aeeny. O a?oi? ?-AO oea ca?eueoaiiy iaei i?noea
aiiaeiaae eeoa ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie. O a?oiao ??-AO oa
???-AO i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? AeE a?aecia/aia aiiaeiaae anueiai
ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iieacieee IAA ? eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeA oaeiae aoee
aeua o a?oiao iino?aaeaeaeeo c aaaeeeie ? na?aaeiuei? aaaeeino?
iioeiaeaeaiiyie.

Iieacieee AnO oa AeO, e?aaoeie?iace, ?IE-ace, AeIE-ace, eaoaineia Ae
ciaoiaeeeeny o i?yiiio ca’yceo c aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue,
a?aeia?aaeath/e oa?iaioaoeaio aeoeai?noue ia aoaiao ia?aa?ao OO.
Iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy iieacieee iaee o ia?o? o?e aeiae. Ianooii? oa?i?ie
aea/aiiy (3-4 oeaei?) oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iinooiiaei cieaeaiiyi aeoeaiino?
oeeo oa?iaio?a.

Iaea?eueo aenie? oeeo?e aeoeaiino? AAO oa eoaeii? oinoaoace io?eiai? o
a?oi? ???-AO aiiaeiaae 2-3 oeaeiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Eiioeaio?aoe?y caaaeueiiai a?e??oa?io o a?oiao ?-AO oa ??-AO ia
ca?eueooaaeany, o a?oi? ???-AO iaeaeu? iieacieee a?aecia/ai? o 1-2 aeiao
a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie (31,57±8,08 iiieue/e) c iiaeaeueoei iinooiiaei
cieaeaiiyi aei ??aiy ii?ie aiiaeiaae ia?oeo aeaio oeaei?a aea/aiiy.
Ci?ie eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eueiiai a?e??oa?io o a?oi? ??-AO iaee i?noea
aiiaeiaae ia?oeo naie ae?a a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie, o a?oi? ???-AO oeeo?e
aoee aeueie, i?ae o ?ioeo aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oiao ? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae iieaciee?a ii?ie aiiaeiaae anueiai ia??iaeo aea/aiiy.

??aaiue na?aaeiueiiieaeoey?ieo ie?aiiaioeae?a aoa i?aeaeuaiei o an?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo a?oiao. O a?oi? ?-AO oea i?aeaeuaiiy a?aecia/eee eeoa o
1-2 aeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. O a?oiao c iioeiaeaeaiiyie na?aaeiuei?
aaaeeino? ? aaaeeeie eiioeaio?aoe?y INI o e?ia? aoea i?iii?oe?eii
aeuith; oa?i?ie ia?aaeuaiiy iieaciee?a ii?ie neeaee o a?.??-AO — 14
aei?a, a o a?.???-AO — 21 aeaiue.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaa, ui aaea a
aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie a?aeaoaa?oueny ci?ia iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a o
i?aai?ci?. Nooi?iue ?o ae?aaeaiino? i?e iaoneeaaeiaiiio ia?aa?ao OO
i?iii?oe?eiee aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue. Eaaea iaoai?/ia o?aaia aecia/a?
ci?ie a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai oa e?i?aeiiai iai?i?a ia ??ai? i?ioean?a
eiiiainaoe??, aaaeea — oa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?eaii eiiiainaoi?ieo
iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio, iaoiiaethth/e iaoieia?/i? ci?ie i?ioean?a
iai?io.

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e oi?ioaaii? i?noeaaeo oa
caaaeueieo caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue cae?eniaia ia ee?i?/ieo
niinoa?aaeaiiyo c iaeiioeiieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie e?noeiaiai oaca. Ia’?eoii
ii??aiyeueiiai aea/aiiy noaee iino?aaeaeae? c ii?aeiaiith oa iiiaeeiiith
o?aaiith. Ca ??aiicia/ii? aaaeeino? o?aaie ? ?ici??o aeao?oeeoo IOeE, a
oe?eiio, a?oie iino?aaeaeaeeo c i?noeaaeie oneeaaeiaiiyie (??-OI — aae
aaaeeino? o?aaie — 4,42±0,81; ee?i?/ia ea?oeia oneeaaeiaiiy — 8,8±0,31
aeiae) ? caaaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie (??-OC — aae aaaeeino? o?aaie —
4,48±0,79; oa?i?i ianoaaaiiy oneeaaeiaiue — 8,5±1,21 aeiae)
a?ae??ciyeeny iayai?noth i’yeioeaieiiiai eiiiiiaioa iioeiaeaeaiiy
oaciai? iaeano? ? oa?aeoa?ii iioeiaeaeaiiy ?ioeo naaiaio?a I?A ?
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a, ui o iaaiiio nooiai? ? aecia/aei oa?aeoa?
oneeaaeiaiue. I?noeaa? caiaeuei? oneeaaeiaiiy iaee neeaaeio
ao?iiaoiaaiaoe/io i?e?iaeo ? aoee iane?aeeii iioeiaeaeaiue
?oai?/ii-iae?ioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o oa iae?io?io?/ieo ii?ooaiue, aac
o?ainoi?iaoe?? o ai?ei? oneeaaeiaiiy. Niinoa?aaeaiiy a?oie ??-OC
i?aaenoaaeai? iiaaiii?yie.

Ni?anoaaeaiiy ci?i i?ioean?a iai?io o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie
oaca na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? ? ia?aa?aii OO aac oneeaaeiaiue
(??-AO), oa c caiaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie i?noeaaiai (??-OI) oa
caaaeueiiai (??-OC) oa?aeoa?o iieacaei, ui a?aei?iiino? a?io?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a ia?aaeothoue ae?aaeai?e ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? ?icaeoeo
oneeaaeiaiue. Oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a OO oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ae?aaeaiei
eaoaaie?ciii a?ee?a, aeoeaaoe??th a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy
(A?I), iaeiie/aiiyi INI, i?aeaeuaiith aeoeai?noth e?ciniiaeueieo
oa?iaio?a, o?ainai?iac oa oa?iaio?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue nooi?iue
aeano?oeoe?? oeaiei. A?aei?iiino? i?ae a?oiaie c ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o
caiaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie iieyaaee o a?eueo?e ae?aaeaiino? ? a?eueo
o?eaae?e o /an? a?ia?oa?iaioai?? ca oneeaaeiaiue i?noeaaiai oa?aeoa?o.

I?ioeane iai?io o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaco,
ia?aa?a OO, o yeeo oneeaaeithaaany ai?eii-caiaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie
oaciai? eieae?caoe?? (a?. ???-OI: aae aaaeeino? o?aaie — 6,17±0,35;
ee?i?/ia ea?oeia oneeaaeaiiy — 14±2,36 aeiae), oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny
eaoaaie?/iith ?aaeoe??th, ui aeyaeyeany a?eueoei nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino?
aeoeaiino? e?aaoeie?iace, o?ainai?iac oa e?ciniiaeueieo oa?iaio?a,
i?aeaeuaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? o?eae?oea?eae?a,
ae??iiaeo eii’thaao?a, iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo, aaee/eie IAA. Aeacai?
ci?ie a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ia?aa?aaee ia oe? iaaeinoaoiino? ooieoe??
ie?ie, i?i ui na?ae/eee a?eueo aenie? cia/aiiy aeoeaiino? eenei?
oinoaoace; a?aeiia?aeii c?inoaee ? iieacieee ?ioieneeaoe?? i?aai?cio.

A?io?i?/iee aiiainoac ca iani?eyoeeaeo iane?aee?a aea/aiee o caeaaeiino?
a?ae iniiaieo i?e/ei, ui ?o iaoiiaeththoue — oie (a?. ao-Oie — aae
aaaeeino? o?aaie — 11,3±1,15) oa caiaeuei? oneeaaeiaiiy (a?. ao-CO — aae
aaaeeino? o?aaie — 9,7±1,03). Oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca — ??? a?oia.

Iai?i aeaeo?ie?o?a oa?aeoa?ecoaaany oaiaeaioe?yie aei aeiiiao???i?? ?
a?ia?eae??i??, ae?aaeaii? a?iieaeueoe??i??, yea aeinyaaea o a?oi? ao-Oie
ia 3 aeiao e?eoe/iiai ??aiy (1,31±0,13 iiieue/e).

Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaia a?iii?ioa?iai?y o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo, ui caaeioee
o aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie. O a?oi? ao-CO aiiaeiaae ia?oiai oeaeiy
niinoa?aaeaiiy oeeo?e ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eeo aeinoia??ii ia
a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae a?oie ???-AO, o ianooii? oa?i?ie aea/aiiy — aoee
aeinoia??ii ieae/eie. Oea na?ae/eei i?i a?aenooi?noue, iacaaaeath/e ia
cae?enithaaia e?eoaaiiy, iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee. Eaoaaie?/iee aaiac
a?iii?ioa?iai?? ca oneeaaeiaiiai ia?aa?ao OO i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaany
oa?aeoa?ii ci?i c 1 aeiae eiioeaio?aoe?? na/iaeie ? e?aaoei?io, ui
na?ae/eei i?i ?ioaineaiee ?iciaae a?ee?a i’yciai? oeaieie ? ii?ooaiiy
aeaeaeaiiy e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo ?o ?iciaaeo. A?aeia?aaeaea
?ioaineai?noue a?eeiaiai eaoaaie?cio o na?aaeiueiiieaeoey?i?e cii?
a?aenooi?noue aeeiai?ee ai?noo INI.

Aoaeaaiaeiee iai?i o oieiaiio ia??iae? o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany a?ia?ae?eai??th. Oea aeacoaaei ia ae?aaeai?noue
iia?e?caoe?? aia?aaoe/ieo ?aca?a?a o aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie, a oaeiae
ia oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a OO. Cieaeaiiy ai?noo aetheice o a?oi? ao-Oie ia
3 aeiao ? o a?oi? ao-CO /a?ac o?e oeaei? a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie, a oaeiae
?icna?aaeaeaiiy iieaciee?a, ui ?o aecia/aee ia 3-io oeaei?, na?ae/eee
i?i aeniaaeaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a i?aai?cio ia?aae eiai caaeaaeeth.
Aeeiai?ea aeoeaiino? EAeA aoea aiaeia?/iith ? na?ae/eea i?i aenieo
aeoeaaoe?th aiaa?iaiiai ae?eie?co oa i?i a?iien?th i?aai?a ? oeaiei, ui
caa??aaeany.

Neeaae e?iii?ioa?ae?a oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ae?aaeaieie ci?iaie o?aeoe?e
i?a-aaoa oa aaoa. Eiioeaio?aoe?y e?iii?ioa?ae?a i?a-aaoa ia 3 aeiao
nooo?ai cieaeoaaeany (a?. ao-Oie — 13,41±2,17%; a?. ao-CO —
14,33±2,36%), eiioeaio?aoe?y e?iii?ioa?ae?a aaoa aeinoia??ii
i?aeaeuoaaeany (a?. ao-Oie — 56,86±2,37%; a?. ao-CO — 55,80±1,75%). O
ianooii? oa?i?ie aea/aiiy iieacieee eiioeaio?aoe?? e?iii?ioa?ae?a
i?a-aaoa oa aaoa iathoue oaiaeaioe?? aei ii?iae?caoe??, aiaeia?/ii
aeeiai?oe? o a?oi? ???-AO.

Aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y o?eae?oea?eae?a o ia?o? aeiae ia?aa?ao OO
aeacoaaea ia iineeaiee e?iie?c. O a?oi? iiia?eeo a?ae ai?eii-caiaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue aenie? eiioeaio?aoe?? o?eae?oea?eae?a caa??aaeeny o
aeeiai?oe? ia?aa?ao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? o?eueee iaia?aaeiaei?
nia?o? — cieaeoaaeeny, ui, a??ia?aei?oa ca ana, aoei iane?aeeii
aeniaaeaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio.

Aiaeia?/ii aenieeie aoee eiioeaio?aoe?? IAeA, AeE; aeinoia??ii
i?aeaeuoaaany IAA, cieaeoaaany oieanoa?ei. Ana oea aeacoaaei ia
a?iien?th o i?aaiao ? oeaieiao, yea o?eaa? ? iineeth?oueny, ? na?ae/eei
i?i aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy e?i?aeiiai iai?io, i?i iaaei??io aeoeaaoe?th
a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy.

Aiiaeiaae OO o iino?aaeaeaeeo a?oi ao-Oie oa ao-CO ao?eioaaeeny aenie?
iieacieee eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai oa a?eueiiai a?e??oa?io. ??ai?
aeoeaiino? ai?iio?ainoa?ac o 4-6 ?ac?a ia?aaa?ooaaee iieacieee ii?ie ? o
1,6-2 ?ace — iieacieee oa?iaioaoeaii? aeoeaiino? a?oie c aaaeeeie
iioeiaeaeaiiyie ? ni?eyoeeaei ia?aa?aii o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae.

Caa?aaeaiiy iaoieia?? iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a, iacaaaeath/e ia ?o
ei?aeoe?th, ui i?iaiaeeeany, ?iaeei i?iaiic iani?eyoeeaei.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea aeae?eeoe o
ia?aa?ao OO /ioe?e iniiaieo ia??iaee:

? — oieiaee ia??iae (ia??iae aino?i? ?aaeoe?? ia o?aaio);

?? — ia??iae a?aeiinii? aaeaioaoe?? (aai ia??iae aeieeiaiiy ?aii?o
oneeaaeiaiue) — oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iano?ee?noth ooieoe?e i?aai?cio;

??? — ia??iae noaa?eueii? aaeaioaoe??, ia??iae ee?i?/iiai iaeoaeaiiy
(aai ia??iae iiaeeeaino? aeieeiaiiy i?ci?o oneeaaeiaiue);

IV — a?aeiiaii-?aaa?e?oaoe?eiee ia??iae ? ia??iae inoaoi/iiai
iaeoaeaiiy.

Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo, iaea?aeaieo i?e aea/aii? i?ioean?a iai?io,
aeicaieeea iaoiaeii iine?aeiaii? ae?aaiinoe/ii? i?ioeaaeo?e aecia/eoe ia
oe? iayaieo ci?i aiiainoaco, iaoiiaeaieo aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue,
eiiieaen iieaciee?a (eaeeioeeoe, IAA, e?aaoei?i, na/iaeia, eaoainei Ae,
IAeA, aetheica, ?IE-aca, aaiia-aeiaoe?i, aeueaoi?i, AAO), ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniaeeaino? iaoaaie?/ieo ?aaeoe?e o iino?aaeaeaeeo c
caiaeueieie oneeaaeiaiiyie, anoaiiaeoe ii?iaia? ae?aaiinoe/i?
eiao?oe??ioe ? ?ic?iaeoe niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao OO (iaoaio
Oe?a?ie ? 20023). Aeai?eoi i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? noioaaiiy
aeae?eueeio iaeiicia/ieo /enae aeey aeinyaiaiiy iai?/aiiai ii?iao. Oea
aeicaiey? nieaioaaoe ? ii/aoe oaea a aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie eiiieaenio
i?ia?aio e?eoaaiiy.

Iao i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiaeeiiith oa
ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith oaca, eaeo/e ia aoai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie ii oeyoo
oaeineiiaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy, iio?aaoaaa ?ic?iaee
aia?ao?a oa oaoiieia?? iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca,
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a inoaineioaco ia?aeii?a e?ioe?aie.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaie ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a, ui
i?noeoue: a) ei?aeoe?th nenoai aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy oa a) —
aaciina?aaeiuei caoiaee aei a?aeiiaeaiiy aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? ? ooieoe??
oaca.

Iaeaaaeeea?oith eaieith oa ia?oi/a?aiaei caaaeaiiyi e?eoaaiiy
iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ianyao
oee?eoethth/i? e?ia?. ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eia i?ia?aia, /e ?ic?aooiie
ianyao, oaeaeeino? oa iine?aeiaiino? aaaaeaiiy ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eieo
cania?a, cae?enithaaeany, aeoiaey/e c noaio nenoaiii? aaiiaeeiai?ee.
Eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae ii?aeioaaa ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eio oa iineiae?iiio
iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th, ui caaacia/oaaea i?aeo?eioaaiiy aaeaeaaoii?
aaiiaeeiai?ee, ae?yeueiino? na?oeaai? oa aeeoaeueii? nenoai, ?aiith
i?io?eaeoeeo oa e?eoaaiiy aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe??, ei?aeoe?th
ii?ooaiue iai?io oa iiia?aaeaeaiiy aeueoa?aoe?? ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a,
a?aeiiaeaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo oa ieanoe/ieo iio?aa, canoinoaaiiy ?ioiieo
i?aia?ao?a oa aioea?ioee?a.

Ianya o??o?a?/ii? aeiiiiiae ia?aaoaaa o caeaaeiino? a?ae aaaeeino?
caaaeueiiai noaio, oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiiy, iieaciee?a i?iaiico (±O) ?
cae?enithaaany ca?aeii ?ic?iaeaieo oaeoe/ieo aeai?eoi?a e?eoaaiiy
iioeiaeaeaiue oaca (iae.).

1-a a?oia — iino?aaeaeae?, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny o noai? na?aaeiuei?
aaaeeino?, c i?iaiicii, ni?eyoeeaei aei iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy
(024; T<0), c i?iaiicii, iani?eyoeeaei aei iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. Noaa?e?caoe?th ? o?enaoe?th ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca cae?enithoue ca aeiiiiiaith noaa?e?coth/i? oeeaaeee, aia?aoii ciai?oiuei? o?enaoe?? oaca, iaaeoaiith o?ainii?oii-e?eoaaeueiith oeiith, a ca ?acoeueoaoeaii? ae?? ?aai?iaoe?eii-i?ioeoieiaiai eiiieaeno - aia?aoaie iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco o i?i?iaeueiiio ianyc?. ?aiiy o?enaoe?y iioeiaeaeaiiai oaca ? e?ioe?aie c aeei?enoaiiyi aia?ao?a ciai?oiuei? o?enaoe?? aoei aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith ?aai?iaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno (17 iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca - oa?i?i inoaineioaco - 10,0±2,45 aiaeeie). I?eioeeiiaei ia aoai? aino?iai ia??iaeo o?aaie aaaaea?ii ao?aaiaoe/i?noue ? i?i?iaeuei? aeo?aoe /ano ca iioeiaeueiiai ianyao. ?aii?e iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac a?aee?eoeo ianoaa?eueieo ia?aeii?a oaca caaacia/oaaa iiaeeea?noue ye coieiaiiy e?iaioa/? c iioeiaeaeaieo no?oeoo?, onoiaiiy iaoieia?/ii? ?iioeuenaoe??, oae ? aeicaieya cae?enieoe ia?aeiio o??o?a?/io ia?iaeo. O?eueee ?aiiceoe?y, onoiaiiy ci?uaieo e?noeiaeo no?oeoo? oaca noai?thaaee oiiae i?aaeeueii? aaeaioaoe?? iioeiaeaeaieo i’yeeo oeaiei ?, oei naiei, ciaiooaaee iaaaciaeo ?icaeoeo ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue. Cae?enithth/e o??o?a?/io aeiiiiiao, o?aoiaoaaee ia o?eueee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei, a e /an, yeee ieioa a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie. ?ic?iaeai? aia?aoe iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco ? oaoiieia?y ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeicaieeee cae?enithaaoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca. Inoaineioac oaca cae?eniaiee 131 iino?aaeaeaeiio (19 - iioeiaeaeaiiy ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo, 98 - ianoaa?euei? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca, 14 - iioeiaeaeaiiy oaciaiai e?eueoey ? aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie). O 34 niinoa?aaeaiiyo aeei?enoai? eiino?oeoe?? ia iniia? nieoeue, o 83 - ia iniia? no?eaei?a, o 14 - aeaionaaiaioa?i? eiino?oeoe?? “oac-noaaii”. Aia?aoe iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco c aeaiaioaie eaiee “e?noea-aia?ao” o aeaeyae? nieoeue (a.n. 1122309; ?aoe. i?iiiceoe?y ? 5526) caaacia/othoue ei?aeoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo oaciaiai e?eueoey c onoiaiiyi ci?uaiiy ii oe?ei?, a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie ? ye ?iiia?e?caoe?ei? ca ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ? aaaeeiai noaio iino?aaeaeaeiai. Niaoe?ae?ciaaia eiino?oeoe?y “I?eno??e aeey iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca” (iaoaio Oe?a?ie 6574; iaoaio ?O 2015688) caaacia/o? ?aiiceoe?th aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ci?uaiiy iioeiaeaeaiiai o?aaiaioo. Oaoiieia?y aeei?enoaiiy a.n. 1644935 ia?aaeaa/a? onoiaiiy ci?uaiiy ii oe?ei? ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo oaciaiai e?eueoey ? ?ioaoe?eiiai ci?uaiiy iioeiaeaeaii? iieiaeie oaca. Eiino?oeoe?y aia?ao?a, ?ic?iaeaieo ia iniia? no?eaei?a, ? oaoiieia?y ?o canoinoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy no?eaei?a (?aoe. i?iiiceoe?y ? 5564) o yeino? iano/eo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? (?aoe. i?iiiceoe?? ? 5563, ? 5639). Iaoiaeeeo ? i?noey aaaaeaiiy no?eaei?a aecia/athoue iiaeeeainoyie caaacia/aiiy cae?eniaiiy ?aiiceoe?eiiai coneeey. Eiino?oeoe?eia noaia iiioaaea aia?aoo ciaoiaeeoueny o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie iiaiioe?iiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aiaoii?/ii? aoaeiae oaco (iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ca cayaeith ia iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 93007757 a?ae 20.06.1997 ?.). Iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iaeii/aniei ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey o iaeano? aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie ? ooai?aiiyi ia?aaeiuei- oa caaeiuei-a?/iiai o?aaiaio?a oaca ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy aeaionaaiaioa?ieo eiino?oeoe?e “oac-noaaii”, ye? caaacia/othoue ?aiiceoe?th o?aaiaio?a oaca ? ?icaaioaaeaiiy aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie. Iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac c aeeth/aiiyi o e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeaiioa?iiai i?aea?ooaaiiy oaca aeicaieea aeeeth/eoe iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo i?noeaaeo iae?io?io?/ieo ii?ooaiue, iaoiiaeaieo o?eaaeei ia?aaoaaiiyi o e?aeeo, iioei?coaaa oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue i’yeeo oeaiei oaciai? iaeano?. Oea aeicaieeei cieceoe ia 27,5% e?euee?noue oneeaaeiaiue ? nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy ?ai ia 34,7%. Aeine?aeaeaiiy IOeE oa eiai eiiiiiaio?a, aiae?c io?eiaieo a?io?i?/ieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui i? a?aeiiaeaiiy e?iaiao?aoe, i? aioo??oiueiaaiia aaaaeaiiy aeueaoi?io oa a?eeiaeo i?aia?ao?a ia ii?iae?co? a?eeiaee iai?i o oieiaiio ia??iae? oa ia??iae? a?aeiinii? aaeaioaoe??. Oea a?aeaoaa?oueny aiane?aeie oiai, ui a?iii?ioa?iai?y, yea c’yaey?oueny o iino?aaeaeaeeo /a?ac aeae?eueea aiaeei i?ney o?aaie, ? ia o?eueee ?acoeueoaoii e?iaiao?aoe ? aaiiae?ethoe??, ca?eueoaiiy i?iieeiaiino? noaeei oa aeno?aaacaoe?? ae??aiiaeenia?nieo o?aeoe?e, aea oaeiae ? iane?aeeii iineeaiiy eaoaaie?cio a?ee?a, ii?ooaiiy neioaco aeueaoi?i?a, aiane?aeie aiaeioiene/iiai iioeiaeaeaiiy ia/?iee, ua e iineoue ae?iaioa?iee oa?aeoa?. O a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c o?aaiaoe/iei oieii ??? no. ? o?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy, ca ianyaii ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eii? oa?ai?? (?OO) 4685±303,9 ie aeao?oeeo IOeE o ia?oo aeiao neeaa 24,88±5,23%. Ei?aeoe?y IOeE aeicaieyea aei 14 aeiae e?ea?aeoaaoe aeao?oeeo ieaciaoe/iiai ia'?io oa aeinoia??ii ciaioeoe aeao?oeeo aeiaoey?iiai ia'?io, ui iaieio/a aeiaaaei o oeae ia??iae aeiaeaoeiaiai ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?. I?eioeeiiai - ?aii? iaa?oioiaaia canoinoaaiiy cania?a ? iaoiae?a aeac?ioieneeaoe??. E?eoaaiiy ?ioieneeaoe?? aoei neeaaeiaith /anoeiith eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue e?noeiaiai oaca ? oeaiei oaciai? iaeano? c i?io?eaeoe/iei ae?aioaaiiyi, i?iaaaeaiiy ?OO c o?aooaaiiyi ia’?eoeaieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee aaaeeino? aiaeiaaiii? ?ioieneeaoe?? ? oienai??. Aaiiaeeethoe?y ? oi?niaaiee ae?o?ac - “aaceniee” iaoiae aeaoieneeaoe??. Caa?aaeaiiy aai i?ia?anoaaiiy ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie ?ioieneeaoe??, c?inoaiiy ae?i?iaoe?? oiene/ieo iaoaaie?o?a aoei iieacaiiyi aei cae?eniaiiy aeno?aei?ii?aeueii? aeaoieneeaoe?? (19 iino?aaeaeaeeo). 13 iino?aaeaeaeei e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen aoa aeiiiaiaiee oeueo?ao?ieaoiaei ii?ii?iaiiyi aooie?ia?, 8 - ii?ii?iaiiyi aae?e-iaiiiaei eaca?ii. Ca caa?aaeaii? aai a?aeiiaeaii? ae?yeueiino? oeoieiai-eeoeiaiai o?aeoo aeei?enoiaoaaee ?ioa?noeoe?eio ni?aoe?th. Aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae ia?aaeaa/aa cae?eniaiiy ??cieie niiniaaie noaa?eueii? o?enaoe?? oaca o aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie ? ianooiia iaa?oioiaaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo ? oaeineiiaeaieo iia?aoeaieo aai eiina?aaoeaieo iaoiae?a. Aaniethoiei iieacii aei cae?eniaiiy inoaineioaco oaca ia aoai? e?eoaaiiy aaaaeaee ia?aeiie e?noie ? iioeiaeaeaiiy ca’yceiaiai aia?aoo ?c ci?uaiiyi, ye? ca oiia iai?iaaaeaiiy iiaiioe?iii? ?aiiceoe?? iaoiiaeththoue (ia aoai? ia?aa?ao ?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a aai ?o a?aenooiino?) aeieeiaiiy oneeaaeiaiue ? ianooiiee iaiiaiioe?iiee ?acoeueoao. ?ic?iaeai? a?iiaoai?/ii iaa?oioiaai? niiniae a?aee?eoiai neioaco eiaeiaiai neio?co (a.n. 1109136, iaoaio 1804316). Ca iaaaaeaiino? aai iaiiaeeeaino? cae?eniaiiy inoaineioaco oaca (iayai?noue i?ioeiieac?a i?noeaaiai aai caaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o), ie aeei?enoiaoaaee niaoe?aeuei? e?eoaaeuei? oeie iaoi? eiino?oeoe?? (a.n. 1052231, a.n. 1667851), oi?aa?naeueiee aaiae (?aoe. i?iiiceoe?y ? 5144), niin?a ?aiiceoe?? ? o?enaoe?? iaeiia?/ieo ia?aeii?a oaca c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey ? noaaiiai? e?noee (?aoe. i?iiiceoe?y ? 4912). Aea/aiee ii?oieia?/iee neeaae e?ia? ? iniaeeaino? ci?i a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii OO: a?oia ???-01aeAO (aaaee?noue o?aaie - 5,8±0,31 aaea) - iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac oaca - 1 aeiaa (10,0±2,45 aiaeeie) a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie; a?oia ???-IiAO (aaaee?noue o?aaie 6,2±0,53 aaea) - iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac, cae?eniaiee o i?ci?o? oa?i?ie (11,1±3,07 aeiae). A?oia ii??aiyiiy - ???-AO. Aiiaeiaae ia?oeo aeaio ae?a o an?o o?ueio a?oiao aoee iaeaea ??ai? ca aaee/eiith ci?ie a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a. Ii/eiath/e c o?aoueiai oeaeiy, aeyaeythoueny iaai? oaiaeaioe?? a?aei?iiinoae ia?aa?ao iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a. Aeinoia??ii ieae/ith o a?oi? ???-01aeAO noa? aeoeai?noue aeueoa-ai?eace (27,99±3,98 u/l) o ii??aiyii? c a?oiith ???-AO (45,07±6,87 u/l). Eiioeaio?aoe?y na/iaeie ia 3-io oeaei? o a?oi? ???-01aeAO neeaaea? 4,69±0,61 iiieue/e, o a?oi? ???-AO - 5,68±0,53 iiieue/e, a o a?oi? ???-IiAO - 6,41±0,46 iiieue/e, ui aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciy? oeeo?e a?oi c iia?aoeaiei iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy i?ae niaith. A?eueo ae?aaeaieie oaiaeaioe?yie aei ii?iae?caoe?? o a?oi? ???-01aeAO oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iieacieee neeaaeo caaaeueiiai a?eeo, aeueaoi?i?a oa iniiaieo eean?a aeiaoe?i?a. Aeinoia??ii oea i?aaenoaaeaii o eean? aeiaoe?i?a aaiia. O o? ae oa?i?ie aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? ai?noo a?eo?ioeeo?a. E?iii?ioa?aee aaoa iathoue aeinoia??i? a?aei?iiino? iieaciee?a ia 4-io oeaei? aea/aiiy, o oeae oa?i?i ai?no ?o o a?oi? ???-01aeAO ii?iae?co?oueny. Aiaeia?/ia aeeiai?ea eiioeaio?aoe?? ai?noo AeE, o?eae?oea?eae?a, aeoeaiino? eenei? oinoaoace. Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue i?ine?aeaeo?oueny ? ia ?yae? iieaciee?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeueoa?aoe?th ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a (eiioeaio?aoe?y a?eueiiai a?e??oa?io, aeoeai?noue AeO, AAO) - ia 3-io oeaei?, o a?oi? ???-01aeAO - oaiaeaioe?? aei ii?iae?caoe??, a ia 4-io - ii?iae?caoe?y c aeinoia??ieie a?aei?iiinoyie a?ae oeeo? a?oie ???-AO. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a iaoaaie?cio na?ae/eoue i?i caeaaei?noue ia?aa?ao eaoaaie?/ieo oa aiaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a a?ae aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy. ?aii?e noaa?eueiee inoaineioac iioeiaeaeaiue oaca c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? iaio eiai a?aeae?e?a ? oaeoi?ii, ui nooo?ai aieeaa? ia iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ia?aa?ao OO. Ii??aiyiiy cae?enithaaii? ?OO o a?oiao iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??cieie iaoiaeaie e?eoaaiiy ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca iieacaei, ui ianyae eiina?aiaaii? e?ia? o a?oi? c cae?eniaiei o aino?iio ia??iae? inoaineioacii oaca aoee aiiaeiaae 1-3 ae?a, o na?aaeiueiio, ia 750,0 ie (773±97,3) iaioeie, i?ae o a?oi? e?eiaaieo eiina?aaoeaii. Iaaaaeai? aeua aeai? iiyniththoue oa, ui iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac, cae?eniaiee o ?aii? oa?i?ie, ye?e caaacia/oaaa iiaeeea?noue ?aiiceoe?? ? o?enaoe?? iioeiaeaeaieo o?aaiaio?a oaciaeo e?noie, ia o?eueee ciaiooaaa aaee/eio e?iaiao?aoe, a e oaeiae iaoiaaiaoe/ii caaacia/oaaa iioeiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? eiiiainaoi?ii-aaeaioaoe?eiiai eiiieaeno, noai?thaaa oiiae iiaiioe?iiiai ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aeei?enoaiiy aia?ao?a iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco caaacia/oaaei iiaeeea?noue ?aiiuei? iia?e?caoe?? oai?eo, iiia?aaeaeaiiy aeieeiaiiy a?iinoaoe/ieo, a?iiaeeiai?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ? aeicaieeei, o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie, nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca ia 27,5%; o a?oi? c ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a - ia 38,3%. Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy caa?aaeaia aeeooy 80,55% (940 c 1167) iino?aaeaeaeei c ??ciiai oa?aeoa?o iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca. E?euee?noue eaoaeueieo e?ioe?a, ia??iaeo 1990-1995 ??., o ii??aiyii? c 1980-1984 ??., a oe?eiio nei?ioeeany c 23,21% aei 17,21%. O a?oe? a?ae 21 ?ieo aei 50 ?ie?a iiia?ei 14,05% /ieia?e?a oa 14,78% ae?iie. Caaaeueia eaoaeuei?noue o a?eia?e a?oi? 51-60 ?ie?a - 34,18%. Ca?eueoaiiy eaoaeueieo iane?aee?a ?c c?inoaiiyi a?eo iiynith?oueny iecueeeie eiiiainaoi?ieie iiaeeeainoyie i?aai?ci?a in?a iioeeiai oa noa?a/iai a?eo. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iino?aaeaeaeeo caaeioea oiiaeiaae ia?oeo o?ueio ae?a a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie - 75,33%. Iniiaieie i?e/eiaie eaoaeueieo e?ioe?a aoee o?aaiaoe/iee oie oa ianeaia e?iaiao?aoa. I?ney noaa?e?caoe?? nenoaiii? aaiiaeeiai?ee aeyaey?oueny caaaeueiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee caeoie, iia’ycaiee c ia?aianaiei oieii. O ia?aa?ao OO ia?aeii? ci?ie o?ainoi?iothoueny. ?icaeaathoueny ci?ie o iaiioeiaeaeaieo i?aaiao oa nenoaiao, oi?iothoueny ioneia? iaoai?cie i?ia?anoth/i? ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeaeiiiainaoe?? ??cieo i?aai?a ? nenoai, ye? ?aae?cothoueny o ?icaeoeo ?aii?o oa i?ci?o oneeaaeiaiue. O oa?i?ie, ui ia?aaeuothoue o?e aeiae a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie, e?euee?noue eaoaeueieo iane?aee?a - 24,67%, c ieo aiiaeiaae 4-14 ae?a iiia?ei 18,06%, a o an? ianooii? - 6,61%. C ee?i?/ii? oi/ee ci?o iaea?eueoee ?ioa?an yaey? a?oia iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca, ui ii?ooothoue aacia?a?ai?noue eiai ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a, o ye?e c ia?oeo oaeeei i?ney o?aaie o iaea?eueoiio nooiai? aeyaey?oueny caeoie, iaianaiee i?aai?cio iaoai?/iei aieeaii ye ia oac, oae ? ia noeoiiee ?acoeueoao, iaoiiaeaiee iioeiaeaeaiiyi i?aai?a ? nenoai, a oaeiae ?ioeo naaiaio?a iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo. O oe?e a?oi? iaea?eueo yne?aai ae?aaeai? iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo OO. Iino?aaeaeae? c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca neeaee iae/eneaii?oo ca e?euee?noth niinoa?aaeaiue a?oio (30,93%) ? iaeaaae/o ca oa?aeoa?ii iioeiaeaeaiue ee?i?/io a?oio. C 361 iino?aaeaeaeiai aeea? - 216 (59,83%), iiia?ee o ??ci? no?iee a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie - 145 (40,17%). Canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeaieo ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae nenoaie e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeicaieeei o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ? ii?aeiaiei oa?aeoa?ii o?aaie o ia??iae 1990-1995 ??. cieceoe ia 30,46% eaoaeuei?noue o ia?o? o?e aeiae a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie o ii??aiyii? c 1980-1984 ??., nei?ioeoe nia?oi?noue a?ae ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue ia?aa?ao OO ia 8,63%. Ioe?ithth/e iane?aeee e?eoaaiiy, aei /enea aeia?eo ?acoeueoao?a a?aeiineee in?a, ye? iiaa?ioeeny aei aeoeaiiai aeeooy ia oiio ??ai?, ui e aei o?aaie (a?aenooi? nea?ae, aoei iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?); aei caaeia?eueieo - in?a, ye? aeinyaee iioeiaeueii? nioe?aeueii-o?oaeiai? ?aaa?e?oaoe??, aea ye? iaee nea?ae oa iciaee ia?aianaii? o?aaie; aei iacaaeia?eueieo - in?a c ae?aaeaiei ii?ooaiiyi ooieoe??, ui ao?aoeee aai ??cei cieceee i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, o ca’yceo c aeaoi?iaoe?yie, iac?iuaiiyi ia?aeii?a, ae?aaeaieie a?o?icieie ci?iaie, inoaoi/ieie yaeuaie iae?io?aaie oa iioeiaeaeaiue aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. C iaoith iaea?aeaiiy ia’?eoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy eiaeiiai c iioeiaeaeaiue ? aecia/aiiy aieeao ?o ia iane?aeie a oe?eiio, i?iaaaeaia ie?aia ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oaca, I?A, aieiaiiai iiceo oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. Caaaeueiee ?acoeueoao e?eoaaiiy ioe?ithaaany, aeoiaey/e c ioe?iie, ui neeaaeathoue o?aaio a oe?eiio. Ioe?iea a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie iieacaea, ui ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeicaieeea ca?eueoeoe e?euee?noue aeia?eo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ia 30,19% ? caaaeueieo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy - ia 31,48%; nei?ioeoe /enei iacaaeia?eueieo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ia 14,15% oa caaaeueieo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a ia 15,74%. AENIIAEE 1. O caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ?cieueiaaia o?aaia neeaea 34,53%, iiiaeeiia - 14,40%, ii?aeiaia - 50,64% oa eiia?iiaaia - 0,43%. O?aaia oaca oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye?nieie ci?iaie no?oeoo?e - ca?eueoaiiyi /enea aaaeeeo ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue, c?inoaiiyi e?eueeino? iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith. Aaaee?noue o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae caeaaeeoue a?ae ianyao iioeiaeaeaiue aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? oaca, iayaiino? oa oa?aeoa?o o?aai ?ioeo naaiaio?a iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. Oie o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ?cieueiaaiith o?aaiith iaa i?noea o 12,90% niinoa?aaeaiue, c iiiaeeiiith - o 45,24% ? c ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith - 72,82%. Iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo oieo iaea?eueo ae?aaeai? o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca - oie o oe?e a?oi? niinoa?aaeaiue i?e ii?aeiaiiio oa?aeoa?? o?aaie - 95,40%. 2. O iniiao ?ic?iaeaii? ?iai/i? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?cieueiaaieo, iiiaeeiieo oa ii?aeiaieo o?aai iieeaaeaiee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca, aeae?eai? /ioe?e iniiai? a?oie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aiaoiii-ii?oieia?/i? no?oeoo?e iioeiaeaeaiiiy, a oaeiae iayai?noue o?aai ?ioeo naaiaio?a iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. Iaa?oioiaaia aaaaeaiiy o eeaneo?eaoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue oaca aeiiiaiaiiy - o?aaiaioa?ia iioeiaeaeaiiy, yeei aecia/a?oueny iiaea?eia (aai a?eueoa) ii?ooaiiy aacia?a?aiino? iaeiiai a?aeae?eo oaciaiai e?eueoey. 3. ?ic?iaeaia oeaea aaeueii? ioe?iee aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue oaca caaacia/o? o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith aeinoia??i?noue i?iaiico ca e?eoa???i “aeeaee-ia?oaee” (±O) o 93% ? aeicaiey? cae?enieoe aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?o?ae aei oaeoeee ? iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy. 4. Nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? iaoaaie?/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia o?aaio, ca iaoneeaaeiaiiai ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, i?iii?oe?eia aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue. Eaaea iaoai?/ia o?aaia aecia/a? ci?ie a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai oa e?i?aeiiai iai?i?a ia ??ai? i?ioean?a eiiiainaoe??, aaaeea - oa?aeoa?eco?oueny c?eaii eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. Ia??iae aino?i? ?aaeoe?? ia o?aaio o iino?aaeaeaeeo c aaaeeith oieiaaiiith iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith oaca oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ae??th aia?aii?noeeo iaoai?ci?a oa?i?iiai? aaeaioaoe?? nenoai aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy - aiane?aeie aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae noa?oueny caaeaaeue i?aai?cio. Ioe?iea a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o aeeiai?oe? ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae aeicaiey? aiai?eoe ia o?eueee i?i oa?aeoa? ?? oa/??, a e aaeaeaaoi?noue e?eoaaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeoueny. 5. Iniiai? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae o iino?aaeaeaeeo c aaaeeith o?aaiith oaca caeeaaeathoueny o aino?iio ia??iae? o?aaie. Nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? ? ia?aa?a eaoaaie?/ieo oa aiaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a caeaaeaoue a?ae aeei?enoiaoaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o canoinoaaiiy. ?aii? i?iaaaeaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ? oeaiei oaciai? iaeano? caaacia/o? ciaioaiiy nooiaiy iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue, ae?aaeai?noue ?ioieneeaoe??. 6. Iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca ia?aaeaa/a? ei?aeoe?th nenoai aeeoo?caaacia/aiiy ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ee?i?ei-o?c?ieia?/ieo oa a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aaaee?noth caaaeueiiai noaio, oa?aeoa?ii iioeiaeaeaiue, iieacieeaie i?iaiico oa aaciina?aaeiuei caoiaee aei a?aeiiaeaiiy aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo? oa ooieoe?? oaca, cae?enithaaieo ca?aeii c ?ic?iaeaieie oaeoe/ieie aeai?eoiaie e?eoaaiiy. 7. Ianoaa?eueiee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca ? iieacaiiyi aei o?aaioii? o??o?a?/ii? aeiiiiiae, iniiaiee niene yei? ia aoai? aino?iai ia??iaeo o?aaie - noaa?eueia o?enaoe?y o?aaiaio?a oaca - ciaioaiiy aieueiaiai neiae?iio oa ianyao e?iaiao?aoe. Cae?eniaiiy iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca o ?aii? oa?i?ie a?ae iiiaioa o?aaie ? aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii i?ioeoieiaiai eiiieaeno, ui iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoai?cie ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae ? caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? oa o?eaaeino? eaoaaie?/ii? oace i?ioean?a iai?io. 8. ?icaeoie caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi ae?aaeaiino? ii?ooaiue iieaciee?a a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai oa e?i?aeiiai iai?i?a, aeoeaaoe??th i?ioean?a a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy, iaeiie/aiiyi na?aaeiueiiieaeoey?ieo iaioeae?a, i?aeaeuaiith aeoeai?noth e?ciniiaeueieo oa?iaio?a, o?ainai?iac ? oa?iaio?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue nooi?iue aeano?oeoe?? oeaiei. Caa?aaeaiiy oaeeo ii?ooaiue, iacaaaeath/e ia ?o ei?aeoe?th, ui i?iaiaeeoueny, na?ae/eoue i?i iani?eyoeeaee i?iaiic. 9. Anoaiiaeai? ia’?eoeai? e?eoa??? (e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a e?ia?, aaee/eia IAA, ai?no e?aaoei?io, na/iaeie, eaoaineia Ae, IAeA, aetheice, aeoeai?noue ?IE-ace, eiioeaio?aoe?y aaiia-aeiaoe?ia, aeueaoi?i?a, AAO) ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue, ia iniia? yeeo ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae, yeee aeicaiey?, c o?aooaaiiyi iieaciee?a i?iaiico, cae?enithaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueio i?ia?aio e?eoaaiiy. 10. ?ic?iaeai? aia?aoe iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco, c aeaiaioaie eaiee “e?noea-aia?ao” o aeaeyae? nieoeue, caaacia/othoue ei?aeoe?th iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai a?aeae?eo oaciaiai e?eueoey c onoiaiiyi ci?uaiiy ii oe?ei?, a oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie ? ye ?iiia?e?caoe?ei? ca ianoaa?eueieo iioeiaeaeaiue oaca ? aaaeeiai noaio iino?aaeaeaeiai. Niaoe?ae?ciaaia eiino?oeoe?y “i?eno??e aeey neioaco iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca” caaacia/o? ?aiiceoe?th aaaaoieiiiiiaioiiai ci?uaiiy iioeiaeaeaiiai o?aaiaioa. Aia?aoe, ?ic?iaeai? ia iniia? no?eaei?a ? oaoiieia?y ?o canoinoaaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy no?eaei?a ye iano/eo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??. Iaoiaeeea ? i?noey aaaaeaiiy no?eaei?a, noaia iiioaaeo aia?aoa iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiic? iiaiioe?iiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aiaoii?/ii? aoaeiae oaca. Iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac iioiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai oa caaeiueiai a?aeae?e?a oaciaiai e?eueoey o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iaeii/aniei ii?ooaiiyi aacia?a?aiino? oaciaiai e?eueoey o iaeano? aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie, ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy eiino?oeoe?e, ui yaeythoue niaith aaeeiee eiiieaen “oac-noaaii”, yeee caaacia/o? ?aiiceoe?th o?aaiaio?a oa ?icaaioaaeaiiy aa?oethaeii? caiaaeeie. ?ic?iaeai? a?iiaoai?/ii iaa?oioiaai? niiniae a?aee?eoiai neioaco eiaeiaiai neio?co. ?ic?iaeai? oa oaeineiiaeai? i?eno?i?, oeie oa i?enoinoaaiiy noaa?eueii? oeeaaeee oaca oa ieaei?o e?ioe?aie caaacia/othoue ?iiia?e?caoe?th o aino?iio ia??iae?, ?aiiceoe?th oa ooieoe?iiaeueia e?eoaaiiy ia aoaiao. 11. Aaniethoiei iieacaiiyi aei cae?eniaiiy iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco oaca ? eiai a?aee?eo? ianoaa?euei? iioeiaeaeaiiy. Inoaineioac aeeiiothoue ye aeaiaio ia?aeiii? o??o?a?/ii? ia?iaee, c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee oneeaaeiaiue, oae ye iiaiioe?iii aaeaiooaaoe i’ye? oeaieie aac ?aiiceoe?? e?noeiaiai oaca iaiiaeeeai. O??o?a?/ia aeiiiiiaa i?e oeueiio ia? i?io?eaeoe/io ni?yiiaai?noue ? o?aoiao? ia o?eueee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiue oeaiei, a e /an, yeee ieioa a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeaiioa?iiai neaeaoiiai i?aea?ooaaiiy oaca aeeeth/a? iaoiaaiaoe/i? iaoi?cie ?icaeoeo i?noeaaeo iae?io?io?/ieo ii?ooaiue, iaoiiaeaieo o?eaaeei ia?aaoaaiiyi o e?aeeo, iioei?co? oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy iioeiaeaeaiue i’yeeo oeaiei oaciai? iaeano?. 12. Caaaeueiee ?acoeueoao e?eoaaiiy aecia/a?oueny nooiaiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aiaoiii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? oaca, ?ioeo naaiaio?a iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a. Iiae?e oa a?oioaaiiy iino?aaeaeaeeo ca oa?aeoa?ii o?aaie oaca aeicaiey? ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe iane?aeee ye ii aiaoii?/ieo no?oeoo?ao iioeiaeaeaiiy, oae ? ca ye?noth e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeicaieeea, o a?oi? iino?aaeaeaeeo c ianoaa?eueieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca oa ii?aeiaiei oa?aeoa?ii o?aaie, cieceoe eaoaeuei?noue o ia?o? o?e aeiae a?ae iiiaioo o?aaie ia 30,46%, a?ae ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae - ia 8,63%; ca?eueoeoe e?euee?noue aeia?eo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a e?eoaaiiy oaca ia 30,19% oa caaaeueieo a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a - ia 31,48%. NIENIE ?IA?O, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Ianoa?iae A.I., Aaaioa A.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Aaeii?i N.A., Aeue-Annaae-Oannai-Aeaenaiaea?. Aia?aoe ? oaoiieia?y iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. - Aeiiaoeuee, 1996. - 13 n. 2. AEoeia TH.A., Eae?ie?i I.A., Aeii/aiei E.?., Ianoa?iae A.I., Aa?ei I.I. I?iaiicoaaiiy iane?aeeea o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ?cieueiaaiieie, iiiaeeiieie oa ii?aeiaieie c /a?aiii-iiceiaith o?aaiith iioeiaeaeaiiyie iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. - Aeiiaoeuee, 1998. - 20 n. 3. Aaaioa A.A., Euaa ?.I., E?eaaiei N.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I. Eiiieaen ia?ii?eyoee ii i?ioeeaeoeea e ea/aieth ineiaeiaiee o ai?ii?aai/eo n iiiaeanoaaiiuie ia?aeiiaie iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa: ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey ea/aaii-i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo o/?aaeaeaiee. - Aeiiaoee, 1994. - 15 n. 4. Ianoa?iae A.I. Aeeiaieea eeeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae e?iae o aieueiuo n ianoaaeeueiuie iia?aaeaeaieyie oaca, ea/aiiuo iaoiaeii aiai/aaiaiai inoaineioaca // I?oiiaaeey, o?aaiaoieiaey e i?ioace?iaaiea. - 1996. - ? 2. - N. 44-47. 5. Ianoa?iae A.I. Ea/aiea iino?aaeaaoeo n oyaeaeie o?aaiie oaca. Eiiiainaoeey iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo iaoaieciia o?aaiaoe/aneie aieacie // A?oea eeeie/aneie e yenia?eiaioaeueiie iaaeeoeeiu. - 1997. - O. 6, ? 2. - N. 216-219. 6. Ianoa?iae A.I. 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Iaoe. o-aa i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie. - Oa?nii, 1993. - N. 15-17. 53. Ianoa?iae A.I., Aaaioa A.A., I?ineo?a A.A., Oiiaiei A.O., *e?ao N.O. Oyaeaeua iia?aaeaeaiey oaca. Nenoaiiue iiaeoiae e i?ioeeaeoeea ainiaeeoaeueii-iae?ioe/aneeo ineiaeiaiee // Iioeiaeaeaiiy oa caoai?thaaiiy oaca: Iaoa??aee ieaioio i?aae. Iaoe. o-aa i?oiiaae?a-o?aaiaoieia?a Oe?a?ie. - Oa?nii, 1993. - N. 42-45. 54. Aaaioa A.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Aaeii?i N.A., Aeue-Annaae-Oannai-Aeaenaiaea?. Iieacaiiy aei iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco o?aaiaioa?ieo iioeiaeaeaiue ia?aaeiueiai i?ae?eueoey oaca // XII c’?cae o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee c’?caeo. - Ee?a, 1996. - N. 6-7. 55. Aaaioa A.I., Ianoa?iae A.I. Eiaaiia A.A. Aiaoiii-a?iiaoai?/i? i?eioeeie inoaineioaco oaca // XII c’?cae o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee c’?caeo. - Ee?a, 1996. - N. 7-9. 56. Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Oiiaiei A.O., *e?ao N.O., Ieneiaoeue A.I. Inoaineioac o i?ia?ai? i?io?eaeoeee ?iaae?aeiino? iioa?i?eeo c /enaeueieie o?aaiaie oaca oa ?ioeo naaiaio?a iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoa // XII c’?cae o?aaiaoieia?a-i?oiiaae?a Oe?a?ie: Iaoa??aee c’?caeo. - Ee?a, 1996. - N. 66-68. 57. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I. Aiaoiyy oeenaoeey ianoaaeeueiuo iia?aaeaeaiee oaca a ino?ii ia?eiaea o?aaiu // Aiia?aou e iaoiaeu aiaoiae oeenaoeee a o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee: Iaoa?. III iaaeaeoia?iae. naieia?a ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth aiia?aoia e iaoiaeia aiaoiae oeenaoeee. - ?eaa, 1989. - N. 27. 58. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Oia/aiei I.I. I?ioeeaeoeea ineiaeiaiee oyaeaeuo ni/aoaiiuo iia?aaeaeaiee oaca // I?iaeaiu o?aaiaoieiaee e i?oiiaaeee: Oac. aeiee. VI nuacaea o?aaiaoieiaia-i?oiiaaeia I?eaaeo. ?ani. - Oaeeei, 1990. - O. I. - N. 6-7. 59. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A Ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia ea/aiey iino?aaeaaoeo n ni/aoaiiuie iia?aaeaeaieyie oaca // Eiaaeeaeiinoue io o?aai e caaieaaaiee iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa, aii?inu ?aaaeeeoaoeee: Oac. aeiee. ?ani. iao/.-i?aeoe/. eiio. - Eeaa, 1990. - N. 34-35. 60. Aaaioa A.A., Eiaaiia A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Nieiaueaaa A.I. ?aioaaiiaeeaaiinoeea oyaeaeuo iia?aaeaeaiee oaca // ?ani. iao/ii-i?aeoe/. eiio. ii ?aioaaiieiaee. - Eeaa, 1991. - N. 59-60. 61. Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A. Aiaoiyy oeenaoeey a nenoaia eiiiainaoeee ia?ooaiee, ea/aiey e ?aaaeeeoaoeee iino?aaeaaoeo n iiiaeanoaaiiie e ni/aoaiiie o?aaiie oaca // I?ioeeaeoeea ineiaeiaiee i?e o?aaiao e caaieaaaieyo iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa: Oac. aeiee. ?ani. iao/.-i?aeoe/. eiio. - Eeaa, 1991. - N. 13-15. 62. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A. Aiai/aaiaue inoaineioac iia?aaeaeaiee oaca // Nia?aiaiiua aniaeou /?aneinoiiai inoaineioaca ii Eeeca?iao: Iaoa?eaeu iao/. eiio. - Eacaiue, 1991. - N. 75-76. 63. Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A., Naaeae E.E. Ea/aiea ni/aoaiiuo iia?aaeaeaiee oaca // Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu iiiaeanoaaiiuo e ni/aoaiiuo o?aai: Oac. aeiee. iao/. eiio. AIIEEA ei. N.I.Ee?iaa. - NIa, 1992. - N. 126-128. 64. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A. Iia?aaeaeaiey oaciaaae?aiiiai nonoaaa e eo ea/aiea // 75 ?ieia Oe?a?inueeiio IAe? o?aaiaoieiai? oa i?oiiaaei?: Oac. aeiiiaiaeae iaoe.-i?aeoe/. eiio. - Ee?a, 1994. - N. 14-16. 65. Aaaioa A.A., Ianoa?iae A.I., Eiaaiia A.A. Iaaeeei-nioeeaeueiay ?aaaeeeoaoeey iino?aaeaaoeo n iieeo?aaiie oaca n iiceoeee ioeaiee iaoiaeia ea/aiey // VI nuacae o?aaiaoieiaia e i?oiiaaeia ?innee: Oac. aeiee. - I. Iiaai?iae, 1997. - N. 362. AIIOAOe?ss Ianoa?iae A.I. ?cieueiaai?, iiiaeeii? oa ii?aeiai? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca (o?aaiaoe/ia oai?iaa, iaoaaie?ci, ioe?iea aaaeeino?, i?iaiic, e?eoaaiiy). Aeena?oaoe?y o aeaeyae? ?oeiieno ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaaee/ieo iaoe ca oaoii 14.01.21 - o?aaiaoieia?y oa i?oiiaae?y. Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo i?oiiaae?? ? o?aaiaoieia?? ?i. i?io. I.?.Neoaiea, Oa?e?a, 1998. Caoeua?oueny 58 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, 7 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ? iaoaio?a, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiy, ee?i?/iiai oa eaai?aoi?iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy 1167 iino?aaeaeaeeo c ?cieueiaaieie, iiiaeeiieie oa ii?aeiaieie iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca. Cae?eniaia ioe?iea noaio iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a o iino?aaeaeaeeo c ??cii? aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca, oneeaaeiaiei oa iaoneeaaeiaiei ia?aa?aii o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae. Anoaiiaeaii - nooi?iue ae?aaeaiino? iaoaaie?/ii? a?aeiia?ae? ia o?aaio ? i?iii?oe?eiith aaaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiue ? caeaaeeoue a?ae iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ? oa?i?i?a ?o cae?eniaiiy. Aecia/ai? iniaeeaino? iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo ? ia?aa?ao o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae o iino?aaeaeaeeo c iioeiaeaeaiiyie oaca, anoaiiaeaia ioe?iea aaaeeino? o?aai oaca. Iieacaii - ianoaa?eueiee oa?aeoa? iioeiaeaeaiiy oaca ? iieacieeii aei o?aaioii? o??o?a?/ii? aeiiiiiae, ?? cae?eniaiiy caaacia/o? cieaeaiiy nooiaiy ae?aaeaiino? oa o?eaaeino? eaoaaie?/ii? oace i?ioean?a iai?io. ?ic?iaeaiee niin?a i?iaiicoaaiiy o?aaiaoe/ii? oai?iae. Noai?aia iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia aeeoa?aioe?eiaaia nenoaia iaaeaiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae iino?aaeaeaeei c ?cieueiaaiith, iiiaeeiiith oa ii?aeiaiith o?aaiith oaca, caniiaaia ia aeei?enoaii? o e?eoaaeueiiio eiiieaen? aino?iai ia??iaeo o?aaie ?ic?iaeaieo cania?a oa niinia?a noaa?e?caoe?? oaca, aia?ao?a oa oaoiieia?? iicaina?aaeeiaiai inoaineioaco, aaaaoieiiiiiaioii? caaeainiaaii? ?iooc?eii-o?ainooc?eii? oa?ai??, aeoeaii? oaeoeee aaaeaiiy ia aoaiao o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oa?aeoa?ii oa aaaee?noth iioeiaeaeaiue, i?iaiicii ia?aa?ao, ui aeicaieeei iie?ioeoe iane?aeee e?eoaaiiy oa cieceoe eaoaeuei?noue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oac, o?aaia, iie?o?aaia, o?aaiaoe/ia oai?iaa, iaoaaie?ci, ioe?iea aaaeeino?, i?iaiic, e?eoaaiiy, iicaina?aaeeiaee inoaineioac. AIIIOAOeEss Ianoa?iae A.I. Eciee?iaaiiua, iiiaeanoaaiiua e ni/aoaiiua iia?aaeaeaiey oaca (o?aaiaoe/aneay aieaciue, iaoaaieeci, ioeaiea oyaeanoe, i?iaiic, ea/aiea). Aeenna?oaoeey a aeaea ?oeiiene ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.21 - o?aaiaoieiaey e i?oiiaaeey. Oa?ueeianeee iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo i?oiiaaeee e o?aaiaoieiaee ei. i?io. I.E.Neoaiei, Oa?ueeia, 1998. Caueuaaony 58 iao/iuo ?aaio, 7 aaoi?neeo naeaeaoaeuenoa e iaoaioia, eioi?ua io?aaeatho iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou ea/aiey, eeeie/aneiai e eaai?aoi?iiai enneaaeiaaiey 1167 iino?aaeaaoeo n eciee?iaaiiuie, iiiaeanoaaiiuie e ni/aoaiiuie iia?aaeaeaieyie oaca. Inouanoaeaia ioeaiea ninoiyiey iaoaaiee/aneiai aiiainoaca iino?aaeaaoeo n ?acee/iie oyaeanoueth iia?aaeaeaieyie oaca, ineiaeiaiiui e iaineiaeiaiiui oa/aieai o?aaiaoe/aneie aieacie. Onoaiiaeaii - noaiaiue au?aaeaiiinoe iaoaaiee/aneiai ioaaoa ia o?aaio i?iii?oeeiiaeueia oyaeanoe iia?aaeaeaiee e caaeneo io iaoiaeia ea/aiey e n?ieia eo inouanoaeaiey. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe iaoiaaiaoe/aneeo iaoaieciia ?acaeoey e oa/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneie aieacie o iino?aaeaaoeo n iia?aaeaeaieyie oaca. Onoaiiaeaia ioeaiea oyaeanoe o?aai oaca. Iieacaii - ianoaaeeueiue oa?aeoa? iia?aaeaeaiey oaca yaeyaony iieacaieai e o?aaioiiio oe?o?ae/aneiio iiniaeth, aai inouanoaeaiea iaania/eaaao nieaeaiea noaiaie au?aaeaiiinoe e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe eaoaaiee/aneie oacu iaiaiiuo i?ioeannia. ?ac?aaioai niinia i?iaiice?iaaiey oa/aiey o?aaiaoe/aneie aieacie. Nicaeaia iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaiiay aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiay nenoaia ieacaiey niaoeeaeece?iaaiiie iaaeeoeeineie iiiiue iino?aaeaaoei n eciee?iaaiiie, iiiaeanoaaiiie e ni/aoaiiie o?aaiie oaca, iniiaaiiay ia eniieueciaaiee a ea/aaiii eiiieaena ino?iai ia?eiaea o?aaiu ?ac?aaioaiiuo n?aaenoa e niiniaia noaaeeecaoeee, aiia?aoia e oaoiieiaee aiai/aaiaiai inoaineioaca, iiiaieiiiiiaioiie naaeaine?iaaiiie eiooceiiii-o?ainooceiiiie oa?aiee, aeoeaiie oaeoeee aaaeaiey ia yoaiao a niioaaonoaee n oa?aeoa?ii e oyaeanoueth iia?aaeaeaiee, i?iaiicii oa/aiey, /oi iicaieeei oeo/oeoue enoiaeu ea/aiey e nieceoue eaoaeueiinoue. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oac, o?aaia, iieeo?aaia, o?aaiaoe/aneay aieaciue, iaoaaieeci, ioeaiea oyaeanoe, i?iaiic, ea/aiea, aiai/aaiaue inoaineioac. SUMMARY V. N. Pasternak. Isolated, Multiple and Combined Lesions of the Pelvis (Traumatic Disease, Metabolism, Severity Evaluation, Prognosis, Treatment). - Manuscript. The dissertation submitted for the M.D. degree in speciality 14.01.21 - traumatology and orthopedics. M. I. Sitenko Research Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Kharkov, 1998. 58 learned works, 7 author's certificates and patents are defended. They reflect the results of treatment, clinical and laboratory studies of victims with isolated, multiple and combined lesions of the pelvis. Evaluation of the state of metabolic processes in victims with pelvic lesions of various degree, complicated and smooth courses of traumatic disease has been performed. The pronouncement of the metabolic answer to trauma has been found to be proportional to the severity of lesions and to depend on the methods of treatment and the time of their implementation. The features of pathogenetic mechanisms of the development of the traumatic disease course in victims with pelvic lesions have been determined. An evaluation of the pelvic lesion degree has been proposed. An unstable character of pelvic lesion has been proved to be an indication for urgent surgery, its implementation provides a decrease in the severity and the length of the catabolic phase of metabolic processes. A way to prognose the course of traumatic disease has been developed. A pathogenetically grounded differentiated system of rendering specialized medical assistance to victims with isolated and combined pelvic lesions has been worked out. It is based on the inclusion of the developed ways and means of pelvic stabilization as well as apparatus and technology of extrafocal osteosynthesis, multicomponent balanced infusion - transfusion therapy; an active tactics of management in different stages depending on the character and severity of lesion; prognosis of its course into the curative complex of the acute period of trauma. It allows to improve the results of treatment as well as to decrease mortality. Key words: pelvis, trauma, polytrauma, traumatic disease, metabolism, evaluation of severity, prognosis, treatment, extrafocal osteosynthesis.

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