IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAAeAAIA?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? I.I.Ae?AAIIAIIAA

IA?*EEI Ea?ena Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 808.3 (09)

?NOI??ss OI?I IAEAOOIUeIAI *ANO Ae??NEIAA A OE?A?INUeE?E IIA?

10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? iiae Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

A?EUAiei A?IIEUeAe IAIANiae*,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei?
iiae

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

ICA?IAA I?IA A?EAI??AIA

?inoeooo iiaiciaanoaa ?iai?
I.I.Iioaai?,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?in?enueei?
iiae

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio

NOAIAIAIEI IEEIEA ?AAIIAE*,

Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

?inoeooo ?iai? A.A.Ei?ieaiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?iieoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai?

I.I.Eioethaeinueeiai, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei? iiae

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “19” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 16.30 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.053.04 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (252601, i.Ee?a, aoe.Ie?iaiaa,9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe
Oe?a?ie (252601, i.Ee?a, aoe.Ie?iaiaa,9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “17” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
I.I.AAEUeIIA

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?enay/aia aea/aiith ?noi??? noaiiaeaiiy
ae??ne?aieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ioyaii inoaii?o aeaio aeanyoee?oue
i?iaeaia, iia’ycaia c eaoaai???th /ano, ca e?euee?noth i?enay/aieo ?e
aeine?aeaeaiue ? ioae?eaoe?e aeeoea ia iaeia c ia?oeo i?noeue o na?oia?e
iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniththoueny i?aaenoaaieeaie ??cieo aaeocae ciaiue,
cie?aia iiaiciaaoeyie. A?aiaoe/ia eaoaai??y /ano i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai
ia??iaeo ?icaeoeo iiae caciaea iaaieo ci?i, ye? cia/iith i??ith
noinothoueny ? oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano. Aaaiiee aianie o ?ic?iaeo
ieoaiue, ui iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiith noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ae??ne?aieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano o neia’yinueeeo iiaao, c?iaeee oae?
iiaiciaaoe?, ye I.I. Iioaaiy, I.N. Eociaoeia, A. E?ae?aeeiaa, A.I.
?onai?anueeee. Ie?ai? aniaeoe i?iaeaie ia iaoa??ae? oe?a?inueei? iiae
aena?oeththoueny o i?aoeyo ?. Oa?iaieuenueeiai, A. Aeai’yi/oea,
?.I. Ea?ieoeueeiai, N. Nia?a/einueeiai, N.I. Aaacaiea.

O iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iiaiciaaoe? oi?eaeeny ??cieo aniaeo?a oe???
i?iaeaie, aeeaiei i?iaiae?coaaee ie?ai? ieoaiiy. I?ioa aein?
niinoa??aathoueny ?ica?aeiino? o iiaeyaeao ia eiino?oeoe??, ye? noaee
aacith aeey oi?ioaaiiy neioaoe/ii? oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai
aeaeo a oe?a?inuee?e iia?, ia ia?aa?a i?ioeano ?? eaeneeae?caoe??.
A?aenooiy oe?e?nia ea?oeia oi?ioaaiiy neioaoe/ieo oa aiae?oe/ieo oi?i
iaeaooiueiai /ano a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Oaia aeena?oaoe?? o?nii iia’ycaia c oaiith eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa
“E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/iee iien ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae”, yea
ia?aaeaa/a? ae?ao?iiia ? neio?iiia aea/aiiy a?aiaoe/ii? aoaeiae
oe?a?inueei? iiae, cie?aia noaiiaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae??ne?aieo
oi?i o e?oa?aoo?i?e iia? oa a ae?aeaeoao.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o c’ynoaaii? oeyo?a ooai?aiiy oi?i
iaeaooiueiai /ano a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· aecia/eoe o?iiieia?/i? iaae? ooai?aiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aiae?oe/ieo
oa neioaoe/ieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano;

· i?iaiae?coaaoe neioaoe/i? oa aiae?oe/i? oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano o
iai’yoeao ??cieo aeai??a, ui ?ai?acaioothoue on? aoaie ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueei? iiae;

· aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano o
noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano
cae?enithaaeinue iaoiaeii ae?ao?ii?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy, aiae?co oa
iieno iiaieo yaeu.

Iaoa??ae aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny neioaoe/i?
oa aiae?oe/i? oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano ia iaoa??ae? ienaiieo iai’yoie
XI–XV??I no. oa ie?aieo ooaeiaei?o oai??a oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a
XIX–XX no.

Ia??iae ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?onueei? ienaiii-e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae
i?aaenoaaeaiee iai’yoeaie e?oiieniiai noeeth “Iiahnoue a??i#iueiuou
ehou” – E?, Ee?anueeee e?oiien – EE, Aaeeoeueei-Aieeinueeee e?oiien
– AAE, iai’yoeith aeeo?eii? e?oa?aoo?e – Ee?ai-Ia/a?nueeee iaoa?ee –
E-I Iao.

Aeaaiueioe?a?inueea iiaa XIV–XV no. i?aaenoaaeaia oaenoaie
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth (A?aiioe XIV no. – I., ?., Oe?a?inuee?
a?aiioe XV no. – ?on.), a oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoa??aee Neiaieea
noa?ioe?a?inueei? iiae XIV–XV no. – NNOI XIV–XV.

Noa?ioe?a?inueea iiaa XV?–XV?? no. ?ai?acaioiaaia oaenoaie
io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth (Aeou Ai?eniieueneiai iaeneiai o?yaea
1612–1699 aa. – AA, Aeoiaa eieaa AEeoiie?nueeiai i?nueeiai o?yaeo e?ioey
XV? no. – AAE, Aeoe naea Iae?aoiae – AI, Ie?yoeinuee? aeoia? eieae – AI,
Aeoiaua eieae Iieoaaneiai o?yaea XV?? aaea – AIAO, Aeoiaay eieaa
Noa?iaeoaneiai ai?iaeiaiai o?yaea 1693 a. – AN, A?oea thai-caiaaeiie
?innee – ATHC?, Aieeinuee? a?aiioe XV? no. – AA, Ae?eiaa iiaa Aieei? ?
Iaaeaei?i?yiueie XV?? no. – AeIAI, Eieaa Ee?anueeiai i?aeeiii?nueeiai
noaeo (1584–1644) – EEIN, Eioaeoeueea ?aoooia eieaa ae?oai? iieiaeie
XV?? no. – E?E, eiioan?eii? e?oa?aoo?e (Ia?aniiieoeueea ?aaiaae??
1556–1561 ??. – I?), iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e (“A?aiiao?ea” E. Cecai?y,
“A?aiiao?ee neiaaineia i?aaeeiia nvioaaia” I. Niio?eoeueeiai,
“Eaen?eiiu neaaaii?inne?e” I. Aa?eiaee, “A?aiiaouea neia?inea»” ?.
Oaeaae/a), ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e (iiaoe/i? oai?e XV? no. – OI).

Noa?ioe?a?inueea iiaa XV??–XV??? no. ?ai?acaioiaaia iai’yoeaie ??cieo
noee?a: io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai (Ae?eiaa ? ia?iaeii-?iciiaia iiaa XV??? no.
– AeI?I), eiioan?eiiai (i?aoi?nueei-i?iiia?aeieoeuee? oai?e ?.
Aaeyoianueeiai – Aae. Eeth/), ?noi?eei-iaioa?iiai (eicaoeuee? e?oiiene
Naiiaeaeoey – E. Nai., N. Aaee/ea – E. Aae., A. A?aa’yiee – E. A?.),
iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai (E?ea?nuee? oa ainiiaea?nuee? ii?aaeieee XV??? no.
– EAI ), ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e (Oe?a?inuee? ?ioa?iaae?? XV??–XV??? no.
– ?io.). O aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii o?enaoe?? aiae?ciaaieo iiaieo yaeu o
Neiaieeo oe?a?inueei? iiae XV?–XV?? no. – NOI XV?–XV??.

Aeine?aeaeoaaeeny oaeiae ie?ai? oai?e ?. Eioey?aanueeiai, O. Oaa/aiea,
Ean? Oe?a?iee, ?. O?aiea, Iaiana Ie?iiai, I. Eiaeeyinueei?, TH.
Oaaeueeiae/a, A. Oaneaiea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui aiae?c oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano
aia?oa cae?enith?oueny ia iaoa??ae? iai’yoie, ui ioiieththoue ??ci?
aoaie ?icaeoeo iiae. A?eueo?noue iai’yoie XV–XV??? no. ua ia
aiae?coaaeany c iiaeyaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy o oaenoao oi?i iaeaooiueiai
/ano. O ?iaio? ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie i?eiouaiiy ie?aieo
iiaiciaaoe?a i?i naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? aiae?oe/ii? oa neioaoe/ii? oi?i
iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??:

1. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo noi?ioaaeany
a oe?a?inuee?e iia? ia iniia? aiae?oe/ii? oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano
?io?i?oea + (e)io.

2. Ia naiaioeeo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano aieeioee aeaeia? a?aeo?iee
aeiiii?aeieo ae??ne?a «oe oa auoe.

3. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, ia a?aei?io
a?ae aiae?oe/ii?, iicia/aea eiie?aoi?oo iaeaooith ae?th.

4. Neioaoe/ia oa aiae?oe/ia oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo
o noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia? /anoeiai caa??aaee niaoeeo?/i? naiaioe/i?
a?aeo?iee.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy. Ie?ai? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
a?aoiaai? i?e iiaeaeueoiio aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
?noi?e/ieie ci?iaie, ui a?aeaoeeny o aeaei-/ania?e nenoai? oe?a?inueei?
iiae. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe o aeeeaaeaii? oaeeo
eo?n?a, ye ?noi?e/ia a?aiaoeea oe?a?inueei? iiae, no/ania oe?a?inueea
e?oa?aoo?ia iiaa, oe?a?inueea ae?aeaeoieia?y.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? iiae, ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa (1993–1998
??.). Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii a 5 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee noaiiaeoue
260 iaeiaioaaiue, oa nieneo nei?i/aiue aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (58
iaeiaioaaiue). Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 207 noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O “Anooi?” ia?oioiao?oueny aea?? oaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy oa i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy, oi?ioeththoueny
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaia oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano ae??neiaa a
iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??” i?iaiae?ciaaii i?aoe? a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
iiaiciaaoe?a c ieoaiue ?noi?e/iiai noaiiaeaiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano
(I*) a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Ia?o? o?enaoe?? aiae?ciaaieo oi?i o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? iia’ycai? c
?iaiaie aaoi??a a?aiaoe/ieo i?aoeue E. Cecai?y, I. Niio?eoeueeiai, ?.
Oaeaae/a, I. Eiiiiiniaa.

I?ci?oa i?iaeaie iioiaeaeaiiy /aniaeo oi?i o no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iiaao
aena?oethaaeeny o i?aoeyo O.?. Aonea?aa, I.I. Iioaai?, I.I. Oaoiaoiaa,
I.I. I?oeianueeiai, A.A. Aeiia?aaeiaa. I?ioyaii e?eueeio inoaii?o
aeanyoee?oue c’yaeeiny aaaaoi i?aoeue, o yeeo i?aaenoaaeaii ??ci?
aniaeoe iioiaeaeaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano o
neia’yinueeeo iiaao (I.N. Eociaoeia, N.Ae. Ieeeoi?ia, A. A??iaaoi, I.N.
Iini?eia, I.A. Aiiaea?ei). Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an noaiiaeyoue i?aoe?, o yeeo
?icaeyaea?oueny ?noi??y noaiiaeaiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano o
a?ei?onuee?e (I.I. A?ooei), ?in?enuee?e (A. E?ae?aeeiaa, N.I.
Eiiooainueea, I.A. Iiaeeiaa), aieaa?nuee?e (?.E. Aoi?ia, Ae.
?aaiiaa-I??/aaa), /anuee?e (A.E?ae?aeeiaa) iiaao. A oe?a?inueeiio
iiaiciaanoa? cia/io ?ieue a?ae?a?aee i?aoe? A.I. ?onai?anueeiai. Ie?ai?
ieoaiiy, ui noinothoueny iioiaeaeaiiy ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oi?i
iaeaooiueiai /ano, ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i?aoeyo I. Oaoiaoiaa, A.
E?einueeiai, ?. Oa?iaieuenueeiai, A. Aeai’yi/oea, N.
Nia?a/einueeiai, ?.I. Ea?ieoeueeiai, N.I. Aaacaiea, I.N.Iaeueie/oea,
A.I. Aan?ae?ii?-Iaaci?iai?.

Ooai?aiiy oi?i I* a oe?a?inuee?e iia? aoei iia’ycaia c oi?ioaaiiyi
eaoaai??? aeaeo, ui ?icii/aeiny o i?aneia’yinueeee ia??iae.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? i?aaenoaaeai? ??ci? iiaeyaee ia iioiaeaeaiiy oi?i
I* o no?aeiineia’yineeo iiaao, cie?aia uiaei aaciaeo eiino?oeoe?e, ia
iniia? yeeo ooai?eeany neioaoe/ia oi?ia I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo a
oe?a?inuee?e iia?. O aeaai?e iia? ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae??
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ?io?i?oeai? niieoee c ae??neiaaie eiaoe, eihoe, «oe .
Ia ??ci? a?aeo?iee cia/aiue oeeo ae??ne?a iiaiciaaoe? iaiaeii?aciai
caa?oaee oaaao. Aiae?ciaai? ae??neiaa iioiaeyoue a?ae iaeiiai ei?aiy
*-em- “a?aoe”. Ia aeoieo A. Iae?, *jt? oa *juemat? aoee ??cieie
oi?iaie iaeiiai ae??neiaa – oi?iaie aeieiiaiiai ? iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo.
Ae??neiai ae *juemt? icia/aei noai ? aoei ?cieueiaaiei. A.I.
?onai?anueeee i?eionea?, ui ua a aeiienaiiee ia??iae *jt? ca cia/aiiyi
iaaeeceeiny aei ae??neiaa “a?aoe” e ooai?eei c iei aeaeiao ei?aeyoeaio
ia?o (aue?aoe – auc#oe).

Ca no?oeoo?ith iaei?ino?oei ? ae??neiai jt?. sse cacia/aa I.I.Iioaaiy,
ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo, aiii iaei eiie?aoia cia/aiiy “a?aoe” (oaiaoe,
a?aoe ?oeith), ii?.: eeo. ?mu, ?mt? a?aoe; neaoe. jat’, jme, jmu ocyoe,
noiieoe, neiaai. jt?, jamem ii/aoe, iie. j, ?m?a noiieoe, acyoe,
oi?eiaoe,ii/aoe(YNNss, aui. 6, n.71).

Ae??neiai *juemat? iaei noo?en -a-, yeee aeacoaaa ia iiaoi?thaaio,
iaiaeii?aciao ae?th. Aiii aeieeei ia aac? i?acaioieo oi?i *jti, ii?.:
neaoe. mat iaoe, aieiae?oe, no.-iieuenuee. imac oaiaoe, iieuenuee. imac
a?aoe, iaoe (YCCss, aui. 8, n. 224–225).

Ae??neiai *juemt? ooai?eeiny ca aeiiiiiaith noo?ena — a?ae ei?aiy
*-am-/ *-?m- ? iaei cia/aiiy “iaoe” (ye noai, ?acoeueoao ae??
“a?aoe”). C iiaeyaeo no/anii? iiae an? oe? ae??neiaa ia’?aeiai?
cia/aiiyi “iaoe”, i?ioa o i?aneia’yinuee?e iia? aiie iaee ??ci? aeaeia?
a?aeo?iee, ui aieeioei ia ?oith iiaeaeueoo aeieth. Aiae?ciaai? ae??neiaa
(ca TH.N.Ianeiaei) iaeaaeaee aei ??cieo niinia?a ae??: eihoe (no.-ne.
eiaiue, i?ci?oa eih) – aei noaoaeueieo, ui iaee cia/aiiy ae??, i?ae /an
?aae?caoe?? yei? i?ui ia ci?ith?oueny, ae?? ye noaio; eiaoe (~ie) – aei
?oa?aoeaii-?iaeaoa?i?iaoeaieo, aai iaicia/aii-aaaaoi?aciaeo, ye? iaee
cia/aiiy iaoe?eani?yiiaaii? ae??, iia’ycaii? c ?? iiaoi?aiiyi; *jt? –
aei aaiethoeaieo, ui iicia/aee oae? i?ioeane, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei
iaaieo ci?i o noa’?eo? /e a ia’?eo? aai aei ia?ai?uaiiy a i?inoi??.

Niieoee eiath, eihth + ?io?i?oea aeieiiaiiai /e iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo o
noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia? iaee ae?aci? iiaeaeuei? cia/aiiy iaiao?aeiino?,
iaia’yceiaino?, i?eioniaino? ae??, yea a?aeaoaaoeiaoueny a iaeaooiueiio,
caa??aaee eaene/io oa a?aiaoe/io naiino?ei?noue. Ae??neiai eio,
ii?aeioth/enue c ?io?i?oeaaie iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, aaeeaaeiny c
oooo?aeueiei cia/aiiyi, ooai?thth/e aiae?oe/io oi?io I*, yea i?ci?oa
ia?aoai?eeany ia neioaoe/io.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? aeneiaethaaeeny ??ci? aeoiee uiaei ii/aoeiaiai e
a ae??neia? eio. Oae, I. AEeoaoeueeee, I. A?oinueeee, I. Eiaaeueia
aaaaeaee, ui e ceeany c e?ioeaaei aieiniei ?io?i?oeaa. ?. Ia??iei, A.
E?einueeee, I. Oaoiaoia, N.I. Aaacaiei caia?a/oaaee iiaeeea?noue
noyaiaiiy aeaio aieinieo. Aiie iiyniththoue oeae i?ioean ye ao?aoo
ii/aoeiaiai e ? cae??ieaiiy a iinoiiceoe?? aeiiii?aeiiai ae??neiaa, yea
ceeeiny c ?io?i?oeaii. Ia aeoieo TH. Oaaaeueiaa, ao?aoa ii/aoeiaiai
? coiiaeaia ae??aithaaiiyi oi?i, ine?eueee ae??neiai /anoi
aeei?enoiaoaaeiny o caia?a/ieo eiino?oeoe?yo, o yeeo aieiniee ? i?ney
iaaieioaiiai i aeiaaeaa.

Neeaaei? oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano ooieoe?iiothoue a ie?aieo
a?ei?onueeeo, ?in?enueeeo aia??eao, i?ioa neioaoe/ia oi?ia I*
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo noaea iaei??th c oa?aeoa?ieo ?en eeoa no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “?noi??y oi?ioaaiiy neioaoe/ii? oi?ie
iaeaooiueiai /ano aeieiiaiiai aeaeo a oe?a?inuee?e iia?”
?icaeyaeathoueny i?ino? oi?ie I*, aeyaeai? o ienaiieo iai’yoeao XI–XVIII
no.

Ooai?aiiy i?inoeo oi?i I* a oe?a?inuee?e iia? aoei iia’ycaia c
oi?ioaaiiyi eaoaai??? aeaeo, ui ?icii/aeiny o i?aneia’yinuee?e ia??iae.
O ia??iae iiyae iaeaeaai?oeo no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iai’yoie eaoaai??y
aeaeo inoaoi/ii ia noi?ioaaeany, a ioaea, oi?ie oaia??oiueiai ?
iaeaooiueiai i?inoiai ua /?oei ia ?ic??ciyeeny. Ia iicia/aiiy
iaeaooiuei? ae?? iiaee aeei?enoiaoaaoeny oi?ie oaia??oiueiai /ano
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo. Oae? i?eeeaaee o?enothoueny o iai’yoeao O?–O???
no., iai?.: e iiiuneeou ia caieth. E#aeueneoth. ianooieth ia ceio ? ia
ehoi. e aicio caieth E#aeueneoth e iueuth caieth ?onueneoth (E?, 1097,
240); ii Aehau ?a(/) eio/a naeh ioi?io ia eaeio (EE, 1177, 606); iiaaeue
iiaioaeaoue ai naiaiue aeiiio. e aeua?e naiae. caei?iauea aeaeeoue (AAE,
1274, 874) oa ?i. I?i oooo?aeueio naiaioeeo cacia/aieo oi?i na?ae/eoue
eiioaeno oa iayai?noue ?ioeo i?inoeo oi?i, ui aaeeaathoueny o cia/aii?
I*. O iai’yoeao XIV no. cana?ae/othoueny aeiaaeee aaeeaaiiy a iaeiaeiaeo
eiioaenoieo oiiaao oi?i iaaeieiiaiiai oa aeieiiaiiai aeaeo, iai?.: Ooi
eiee nthth a?aiioo aeaeeoue. a ethai neuoeoue i?i/eoa# (I., 1387, 75);
eoi eiee ia oie eenou ioc?eoue. aee ioneuoe(o) (1388, 84) oa ?i. I?ioa
oi?ie oaia??oiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo o aeaai?o neia’yinueeeo
iiaao iiaee oe?oa aaeeaaoeny o cia/aii? iaaeooaeueiiio (A.
E?ae?aeeiaa).

?c caaa?oaiiyi ?iciiae?eo ae??ne?aieo iniia i?ae aeieiiaiei ?
iaaeieiiaiei aeaeii o cia/aii? I* cae??ieth?oueny oi?ia o?eueee
aeieiiaiiai aeaeo. Iniiaiei caniaii ia?oaeoeaaoe?? aenooia?
i?ao?enaoe?y. Ia?a?nii i?ao?ene aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ye neiaioai?/?
oi?iaioe ? eeoa c iiyaith ? noaa?e?caoe??th eaoaai??? aeaeo ii/aee
aeeiioaaoe ua e oi?iioai?/o ooieoe?th. I?ao?enaoe?y ioiiethaaea ana
a?eueoa ae??ne?aieo iniia, noath/e i?iaeoeoeaiei caniaii o nenoai?
aeaeiaiai oi?iioai?aiiy. Ioaea, iinooiiai ca?eueooaaeany ? e?euee?noue
i?inoeo oi?i I* aeieiiaiiai aeaeo.

O iai’yoeao O?–O??? no. o?enothoueny i?ino? oi?ie I* c
i?ao?enaie au-, auc-, au-, aei-, ca-, ec-, ia-, i-, ^-, ii-, iiaeu-,
i?e, ia?a-(i?h-), i?i-, ?ic-, nu-, io-. Iaeoaeeaai?oeie ae??ne?aieie
i?ao?enaie aoee ii-, i?e-, auc-. ??aeei o?enothoueny oi?ie I* c
i?ao?enaie aei-, ca-, ?ac-, ae-. O aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e iia? XIV–XV co.
i?iaeoeoeai?oeie ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?i ia??iaeii noathoue i?ao?ene
aei-, io-, ca-. O no/ani?e oe?a?inuee?e iia? ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei?
ae?? aeei?enoiaothoueny oi?ie aeieiiaiiai aeaeo, ooai?ai? a?ae iniia
oaia??oiueiai /ano ca aeiiiiiaith i?ao?en?a, a oaeiae c??aeea
aaci?ao?eni?. Oooo?aeueia cia/aiiy cacia/ai? oi?ie iathoue iacaeaaeii
a?ae ooieoe?? i?ao?ena (oi?iioai?/i? /e neiaioai?/i?) oa naiaioeee
ae??ne?aii? iniiae. C??aeea o oaenoao XVI–XVII no. c oooo?aeueiei
cia/aiiyi o?enothoueny oi?ie oaia??oiueiai /ano aeieiiaiiai aeaeo aac
i?ao?en?a, iai?.: iaaei?oue (I?, 1556–1561, 28), e?(n)mthn# (87 ca.),
iionoe(o) (165 ca.), noaio (EEIN, 1638, 175), noaio (AeIAI, 1643, 261),
noaiaony (E.Aae., 1653, 76), aeaaineiaeony (OI, XVI–XVII, 62), ny
?iaeeoue (334), ny aa?iao (343), ?iaeeou (Aae. Eeth/., 1659, 124),
eeiaou (185), n#aea(o) (193), ieio (AI, 1687, 385) oa ?i. ?iiae?
o?aieythoueny aeiaaeee ooai?aiiy oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano aeieiiaiiai
aeaeo a?ae ae??ne?a ?c i?ao?enaie, iai?.: i??ecaioae?(o) (I?, 1556–1561,
107), auniiiiaeao (OI, XVI–XVII, 173), i?eaeiaoaeiu (AA, 1570, 29) oa
?i.

Aeaaiueioe?a?inueea iiaa oniaaeeoaaea a?ae i?aneia’yinueei? aeaai?
cae?i/aiiy o oi?iao ae??ne?a oaia??oiueiai/iaeaooiueiai /ano. I?ino?
oi?ie I* aeieiiaiiai aeaeo aeoeaii aaeeaaeeny a aeaaiuei- oa
noa?ioe?a?inueeeo iai’yoeao.

O oi?i? ? iniae iaeieie caa??aathoueny aeaai? cae?i/aiiy o oaiaoe/ieo
oa aoaiaoe/ieo ae??neiaao, iai?.: ioneuoth (I., ae. 1386, 65), iouo
(?on., 1484, 138), ioaeaiu (ATHC?, 1/?, 1586, 227), w(o)aco (AeIAI,
1605, 89), aeai (AA, 1614, 7), auaea(i) (E?E, 1658, 95), eoieth (AI,
1703, 212) oa ?i.

Oaiaoe/i? ae??neiaa o oi?i? ?? iniae iaeieie o?enoaaeeny c ??cieie
cae?i/aiiyie, iai?.: ia?/ou (?on., 1484, 138), ciaeaeoue (E?E, 1656,
68), iieaeao (AI, 1687, 385), iao/eoe (OI,95). sseui o oaenoao XI–XIII
no. ia?aaaaeaee oi?ie c oeaen??th -oe, oi c XIV no. iioe?aiiy iaaoaa?
oeaen?y -ou, -o. Cae?i/aiiy -oe aaeeaaeiny, i/aaeaeii, c iaaiith
noee?noe/iith iaoith o oaenoao, iia’ycaieo c ?ae?a?eiith oaiaoeeith.
Aoaiaoe/ia ae??neiai aeaoe iaei cae?i/aiiy -ne (aeane (AI, 1698, 124),
aucaeane (OI, XVI–XVII, 94)). O no/anieo aiai?ao aiii i?aaenoaaeaia
oi?iaie aeane, aean?, aean”, aeaneo, aeao (AOI, ?, ? 262; ??, ? 243).

Oi?ia ??? iniae iaeieie o iai’yoeao oaeeaaeany ia?aaaaeii ?c
cae?i/aiiyi -ou, iai?.: iia?c?ou (?on., 1408, 70), iioi/(o) (AA,
1569, 36), i?eae(o) (AAE, 1584, 77), ii(e)aeaou (E?E, 1655, 50),
iiaeianaou (Aae. Eeth/., 1659, 185). Aiii caa?aaeiny a oe?a?inuee?e iia?
a aoaiaoe/ieo ae??neiaao oa ae??neiaao eieeoiueiai IV eeano. Cia/ii
iaioa cao?eniaaii oi?i aac oeaen?? -ou: i?ehae? (?., 1435, 134),
i?e(e)ae (AeIAI, 1643, 209), caaoaea (OI, XVI–XVII, 123), ia iieia (78).

Aoaiaoe/ia ae??neiai aeaoe o oi?i? ? iniae iiiaeeie o?enoaaeiny c
cae?i/aiiyie -iu, -iu. C XIV no. ii/eia? ia?aaaaeaoe oeaen?y -ii
(aeaii), iai?.: aeaii (I, 1393, 113), iiaeaii (ATHC? 1/?, 1582, 156),
i?eaeaii (E. A?., 1655, 152), aucaeaii (OI, XVI–XVII, 99). Oaiaoe/i?
ae??neiaa o aeaai?o iai’yoeao iaee ??ci? cae?i/aiiy – -iu, -iu, -i,
-iue, -ia. O XIV–XV no. aaeeaaeeny cae?i/aiiy -iu, -i, -ii, -iu, iai?.:
neacieiu (I, 1396–1413, 130), caieaoeiu (?., 1411, 77), caieaoeii (AA,
1570, 108), noai(i) (1577, 188). I?ci?oa oeaen?y -iu aoea ao?a/aia.
Oi?ia ? iniae iiiaeeie ae??ne?a ? ae??a?aei?ie o i?ai?/ieo aiai?ao
i?aaenoaaeaia ??cieie cae?i/aiiyie: -aii, -ai oa -ii (AOI, ?, ? 260).
I?aaeaiii-cao?aei? aiai?e ?ai?acaioothoue oeaen?? -aii, -eii, -aia,
-eia, -ai, -ei (AOI, ??, ? 241).

Ia caciaea ci?i oi?ia ?? iniae iiiaeeie. I?ioyaii onueiai ?noi?e/iiai
ia??iaeo oaeeaaeany oeaen?y -oa (-o?, -o), iai?.: ii?aooaoa (ATHC? 1/? ,
1596, 503), oc?eoa (E.A?., 1632, 38), iieaaeaoa (44) noaio (AeIAI, 1643,
242), iiaeio (E?E, 1656, 80).

Aeaai? cae?i/aiiy oniaaeeoaaea oi?ia ??? iniae iiiaeeie: iieaeooue (I.,
1352, 30), eoi#ou (?on., 1408, 70), i (a)/eiy(o) (AAE, 1583, 48),
aoaeoou (E?E, 1658, 95).

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?noi??y neioaoe/ii? oa aiae?oe/ii? oi?i
iaeaooiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy oa iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy neeaaeii? ? neeaaeaii? oi?i I*
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Ia iaoa??ae? iai’yoie O?–OV??? no. i?iaiae?ciaaii oae? eiino?oeoe?? oa
oi?ie, ui aaeeaaeeny ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae??: ?io?i?oeai?
eiino?oeoe?? oa oi?ie c aeiiii?aeieie ae??neiaaie eihoe, eiaoe, «oe,
oiohoe, c oaciaeie ae??neiaaie ii/aoe, ia/aoe, o/aoe, noaoe, c
aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii auoe (aooe), oi?ie ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano.

?. ?io?i?oeai? eiino?oeoe?? oa oi?ie c aeiiii?aeieie ae??neiaaie eihoe,
eiaoe oa «oe.

Ae??neiaa eihoe, eiaoe ? «oe aeoeaii ooieoe?iioaaee a aeaai?e iia?,
i?ioa o neeaae? ?io?i?oeaieo niieoe cacia/ai? ae??neiaa aaeeaaeeny
cia/ii ??aeoa, i?ae a iniaiaeo oi?iao, o oi?i? ?io?i?oeaa,
ae??i?eeiaoieea.

?io?i?oeai? eiino?oeoe?? c ae??neiaaie eihoe, eiaoe oa «oe o iai’yoeao
O?–O??? no. aaeeaaeeny ia iicia/aiiy /enoiai iaeaooiueiai, iai?.: ia
iichoa iiaoaeoe ?onueneie caieh. aua ai aiciaoue ?aoue iaaeth niaith.
iiaaie eiooue ?aaeiaaoen#. e aiciooue caieth iaoth (E?, 1097, 237);
Ec#neaau aea ??eeu a#o?. iineio naiaiio waea oe n# ia eiiooue ii ethaae
O?(n)oa oeheiaaoe. neaaee aea eiu eaei ania neuoaee (EE, 1147, 346). O
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao niieoee, e??i oooo?aeueiiai cia/aiiy, iiaee
ia?aaeaaaoe ua e aeiaeaoeia? iiaeaeuei? a?aeo?iee – iiaeiiino?,
iaiao?aeiino?, iaia’yceiaino?, iaieio/ino?, iai?.: Aieiaeeia?o aea na
neuoa. auc?hau ia iai e ??(/). aua n# naoaeaoue. na eiaiu e?(n)oeoen#
(E?, 988, 95).

A aiae?ciaaieo oaenoao ae??neiaa eihoe, eiaoe oa «oe aenooiaee c
?io?i?oeaaie aeieiiaiiai oa iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo. O
Aaeeoeueei-Aieeinueeiio e?oiien? «oe ii?aeio?oueny c ?io?i?oeaaie
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo. Caeaa?eueoiai niieoee aaeeaathoueny o
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo c i?ae?yaeieie oiiae. Ia?aaaaeathoue
eiino?oeoe?? c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii o i?aiiceoe??. Iaea?eueoo
i?iaeoeoeai?noue aeyaey? ae??neiai eihoe.

O aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e iia? ?io?i?oeai? niieoee oa oi?ie c
aeiiii?aeieie ae??neiaaie eihoe, eiaoe oa «oe iaaoaathoue iioe?aiiy;
«oe + ?io?i?oea noa? iaei?iaeoeoeai?oith oi?iith ii??aiyii c ?ioeie
caniaaie, ui iicia/aee iaeaooith ae?th.

Ae?eia? iai’yoee cana?ae/othoue aaeeeo e?euee?noue niieoe c ae??neiaaie
eihoe, eiaoe. A?eueo?noue oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e oaeeaa?oueny c iiaeaeueiei
cia/aiiyi, iai?.: a anoee au eioi?ua ?a/e e?aiiua aacu, iaaou iuoi
ieaoeoe /a?acu ane iuoa iieiaeiiua, eaeu e eioua aeathou iuoi (I., 1388,
86–87); a eiiae?a(o) eia?ou en oiai aeai?eua ieaoeoe /eioue e ?iaiou
iinooiaoe ia(i) e ii ia(n) aoaeo/e(i) ?i(n)i(i) (?on., 1422, 66).
Eiino?oeoe?? iathoue cia/aiiy iiaeiai, ciaia’ycaiee ieaoeoe. Ae??neiai
«oe o neeaae? niieoee aaeeaa?oueny ia?aaaaeii c ?io?i?oeaaie
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo ? ia? cia/aiiy /enoiai iaeaooiueiai. Eeoa a ie?aieo
aeiaaeeao «oe ia? iiaeaeueia cia/aiiy: A oiaeeou ioioeu A?eai?aau
Eaaiaoeue, a ii aai aeeaioa e aehoaiu aai oiaeeoe; a e iioiiu ooi ia
eiaoue oiaeeoe, oiou eiaoue aeaaaoe nayoiio Ieeiea aanue aeioiaeu, a
iaiaaeiah au oi ieeiio ionooiaoeny (I., 1362–1392, 37). O ia?oiio
aeiaaeeo ia?aaea?oueny oooo?aeueia cia/aiiy, a a ae?oaiio aiii iaaoaa?
a?aeo?ieo iiaeiiino?. I?i oooo?aeueio naiaioeeo eio + ?io?i?oea
na?ae/eoue oaeeaaiiy a iaeiaeiaeo eiioaenoieo oiiaao oaeeo oi?i ?
ae??ne?a I* aeieiiaiiai aeaeo: a eoi ei?ou iia?(c)oe nio(e)ia aei
a?ao?aa… (?on., 1460, 112); a eoi iia?c?oue nio(e)ii aei aana?a(a)
aeaoe ei?(o) ia aiei(a)ii(i) iuoh io Nw/aah w(o) a?eaiio. o?e a?ioe
(111-112). Oaeei /eiii, /eneaii? niieoee c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii «oe,
ui aaeeaaeeny ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae??, o aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e
iia? yaeyee niaith aiae?oe/io oi?io I*. Iayai?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo
iiaeaeueieo a?aeo?ie?a, ae?aciee iiaeaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?io?i?oeaieo
niieoe c ae??neiaaie eihoe, eiaoe ia aeicaiey? eaae?o?eoaaoe oae?
eiino?oeoe?? ye niaoe?aeuei? oi?ie I*.

O XVI–XVII no. aiae?oe/ia oi?ia c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii «oe
o?aiey?oueny ??aeei, o a?eueoino? aiae?ciaaieo oaeno?a aiia acaaae?
a?aenooiy. O?enothoueny iiiaeeiie? i?eeeaaee aiae?oe/ieo oi?i o
iiaoe/ieo oai?ao e?i. XVI – ii/. XVII no., oai?ao ?.Aaeyoianueeiai,
?ioa?iaae?yo XVII no.

O e?ioe? XVI no. nii?aaee/ii ii/eiathoue o?enoaaoeny neioaoe/i? oi?ie
I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, ui ooai?eeeny ia aac? aiae?oe/ieo oi?i c
aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii «oe: …Aioiaeony ?ai, ye O?enoa, i??yoe e
iineooai?? iiiio ioaeaoe, Nuia iiaeaaee, oea?eiaiiai a?aaa, eioi?iai
ceue ihoeiooue ca Aiaa… (OI, XVI, 83).

O XVII no. oi?ie iaaoaathoue iioe?aiiy, oi/a ?o e?euee?noue o iai’yoeao
caeeoa?oueny iacia/iith, ui aeieeaa? c aeai?iaeo iniaeeainoae
aiae?ciaaieo iai’yoie, cie?aia aeieoiaio?a, e?oiien?a. Neioaoe/i? oi?ie
I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo cana?ae/ai? a on?o aiae?ciaaieo iai’yoeao XVIII
no. Aiie aaeeaathoueny o oaenoao io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai
(ai?eni?euenuee?, ie?yoeinuee?, noa?iaeoanuee?, eioaeoeuee? aeoia?
eieae), ?noi?eei-iaioa?iiai, iaoeiai-iiioey?iiai noee?a, a oaeiae o
ooaeiaei?o oai?ao. A?eueo?noue oi?i oaeeaa?oueny a neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo,
ia?aaaaeii c i?ae?yaeieie oiiae, iiaeooue aenooiaoe ye o aieiai?e, oae ?
a i?ae?yaei?e /anoei?.

Neioaoe/ia oi?ia iiaea iicia/aoe oaeo ae?th, yea a?aeaoaaoeiaoueny
ia?aae /e i?ney ?ioi? ae??, ca oiiae ?ioi? ae??: A (n)ee au ihau i?(ae)
n(e) aee?(o) ii(o)aaey(o)ny ia eiai, oi ii?o(/)ieee, a ei(i) o oiu
aoaeoou;, aeee oiai i i?no?aaoeiooue ;.:, ui y, Eaa(i) Oieae(i)ei…
?o/ony ii Ia(a)eo A?a… aeee au wiu ihee oaei(ae) // ia eiai
i?(o)aa(e)ee yee /eie(o), oi… ai(?)ei(i) ea?a(o), oi oaeu y e(o)
auaea(i), aeau auee ai(?)ei(i) ea?aiu (E?E, 1658, 95); Ia iaeno?aoh eo
oe?neiai i?anahoeiai aaee/anoaa Noa?iaeoaianeiiu canheee ieiaouiue
?aaeiuh caeiaeeee eiiu aeanyo ca ?eeth, ii eioi?uo a?ioao ii?oeith
Oeoiiu Io?ioiae/, aeeoae Noa?:, eioi?ue, eaaeu oi caieaoeo, oaeeaaoeiao
ea?oioo Eeeeiuneiai (AN, 1693, 58–59).

Cao?eniaaii i?eeeaaee, o yeeo neioaoe/ia oi?ia aoiaeeoue aei
eaioeaey?nueeiai cai?ioo: …oaaeu, ca aeiaiaeii neooieiu, Oiea?eoa
iiaeeaaaoeiaou ahih e ea?aith iiaeeoau i?aaa iienaiiai (23); Iaao
iinoaiiaeoe aai ia i?aah, eiee oeaciaaoeiao iio?aaa, eioi?oth ii?oeo
eacaee-nii caienaoe (117). A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao /aniaa cia/aiiy
neioaoe/ieo oi?i ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae cia/aiue aiae?oe/ieo oi?i:
Einoaee e eeyooi?e, …a ie io aeieih?a yeiaie ociaaaoeioou oo?aaoeee a
ih eiiieou a ih aoaeyeeou eou noaiiaeneu aoaeooue eihoe (E.Aae., 1655,
125–126). Aoaeaou oai ?iaaeu noieai#, eioi?ue caaoa a?ecuoeiaou /eaea
a?hoiaaw, a ihaeu ia aoaeaou oie//?aoe (Aae. Eeth/, 1687, 432).

Aeiiii?aeia ae??neiai eio iiaei aaeeaaoeny o aoaeue-ye?e iiceoe?? uiaei
?io?i?oeaa – o i?aiiceoe??, iinoiiceoe??, i?ae ieie iiaee noiyoe ?io?
/eaie ?a/aiiy. I?aiiceoe?y ni?eyea caa?aaeaiith eaene/iiai cia/aiiy
aeiiii?aeiiai ae??neiaa. Iinoiiceoeaia oaeeaaiiy ni?eyei ia?aoai?aiith
aeiiii?aeiiai ae??neiaa ia ao?enaeueio ii?oaio. Ae??neiaa eihoe,
eiaoe oa «oe aac ii/aoeiaiai o?enoaaeeny ua caaeiaai aei
eaeneeae?caoe??. Ao?aoa ii/aoeiaiai e cana?ae/o?oueny iai’yoeaie,
noai?aieie ia ??cieo oa?eoi??yo: iaa(o) (I., 1347, 25), iaou (AAE, 1583,
67), iath (AI, 1592, 86), iaou (AeIAI, 1643, 246), ia(i) (AA, 1571, 17),
ihaou (AIAO ?, 1667, 117). Ia caa?aaeaiiy ii/aoeiaiai e ia ienuei?,
i/aaeaeii, aieeioei oa, ui a noa?ineia’yi?ciao a?i aenooiaa o
iaaieioai?e iiceoe??.

Ia?aoai?aiith aiae?oe/ii? oi?ie ia neioaoe/io ni?eyee oae? /eiieee:

· oaeeaaiiy c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii eio o?eueee ?io?i?oea?a
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo ia a?aei?io a?ae eihth, eiath, ye? aaeeaaeeny c
?io?i?oeaaie aeieiiaiiai ? iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo;

· oaeeaaiiy ae??neiaa «oe o oi?i? oaia??oiueiai /ano, oiae? ye eihoe,
eiaoe o neeaae? ?io?i?oeaii? niieoee iiaee aaeeaaoeny ua e o oi?i?
ieioeiai /ano;

· ao?aoa ia?aeiiiai eaene/iiai cia/aiiy;

· i?iaeoeoeai?noue aiae?oe/ii? oi?ie c eio.

Iiaeeeai, ae??neiai «oe caa??aaei aeaeia? a?aeo?iee, ui aieeioei ia
naiaioeeo neioaoe/ii? oi?ie I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia
ii??aiyii c aiae?oe/iith aoaeo + ?io?i?oea iaea cia/aiiy eiie?aoi?oi?
iaeaooiuei? ae??. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae aiae?oe/ii? c
ae??neiaii aoaeo /aniaei cia/aiiyi, aea c /anii naiaioe/i? a?aei?iiino?
i?aaethaaeeny, ine?eueee iniiaiei aenooiaei oooo?aeueia cia/aiiy.

??. ?io?i?oeai? eiino?oeoe?? c ae??neiaii oiohoe.

O iaeaeaai?oee ienaiiee ia??iae ae??neiai oiohoe aaeeaaeiny ia?aaaaeii
c iiaeaeueiei cia/aiiyi. Cia/ii ??aeoa aiii aeeiioaaei ooieoe?th
oooo?aeueiiai iieacieea, iai?.: E ?a(/) Aehau. oi ahne ee. /oi oiuaoue
aei(n)ue auoe (E?, 1071, 171); Iheoi aea io ae?oau aio e aoaith ioa?u
aai, eaea a ia/a?o, oioy aeaehoe ihnoi, eaea aea iieiaeeoeny oiuaoue
ohei ethaeiaai ei, e aui?ine aeaaeaiiaai naai (E-I Iao.,156).

O noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia? ?io?i?oeai? niieoee c ae??neiaii oi/o
iicia/aee ae?th iaeaooiuei? ?aae?caoe??. O neeaae? oaeeo niieoe
ae??neiai oio?oe caa??aaei eaene/ia cia/aiiy (oio?oe, aaaeaoe,
iai??yoeny, cae?aoeny, aooe aioiaei oa ?i.). Eiino?oeoe?? c? cia/aiiyi,
iaaeeaeaiei aei oooo?aeueiiai, aoee iaeii?iaeoeoeaieie ? aaeeaaeeny,
i/aaeaeii, i?ae aieeaii e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae ca o?aaeeoe??th, iai?.: A naie
Aaoiaiiaa cu aieneaie Ei?iiieie e cu oyaea?aie aieneiaeie e ihoioaie ii
iaeo eoee au o?iie, ia ahaeoua eaeay ahaea oiuaou eiu auoe (E.A?., 1632,
42).

???. ?io?i?oeai? eiino?oeoe?? c oaciaeie ae??neiaaie ii/aoe, ia/aoe,
o/aoe oa noaoe.

?io?i?oeai? niieoee c ae??neiaaie ii/aoe, ia/aoe ??aeei o?enothoueny o
iai’yoeao O?–O??? no. Ae??neiaa ii/aoe, ia/aoe, ia?aaeath/e cia/aiiy
ii/aoeo ae??, o neeaae? oaei? eiino?oeoe?? iiaee iicia/aoe iaeaooith
ae?th, iai?.: waea ia aanio ia/iaoue nia?aeu oiou w?aoe eioaaeueth oith
e i?ehoaau Iieia/eiu ioaea?eoue nia?aea no?heith. e iieiaoue eioaaeueeo.
e aeiio aai e aehoe aai. e aoiii aai caaeaeaoue (E?, 1111, 265).

O aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e iia? ae?? niaaeia oaiaeaioe?y uiaei aaeeaaiiy
cacia/aieo niieoe, aiie cana?ae/ai? iiiaeeiieeie i?eeeaaeaie: a eoi eiee
ii(/)i?ou io/eieoe, oiai eia?iu yai#ai eacieoe e ionoaiiaeoe oiai (1445;
NNOI XIV–XV, ??, 217).

O iia? XVI–XVIII no. niieoea caeeoa?oueny iaeii?iaeoeoeaiith. Ae??neiaa
(ii/aoe, ia/aoe, ca/aoe, o/aoe) o ?? neeaae? ia ao?a/athoue iiai?noth
eaene/iiai cia/aiiy ? aeacothoue ia ii/aoeiaee aoai iaeaooiuei? ae??: e
i?ioyaea Oiaeieoee?e a?aiy iaiaei, iaaeaeeaeay aeiiaee Iieyee iou aeiaea
e i?ica ia/ioou ineaahaaoe (E.A?., 1653, 120); Ei(a)aea eo?ea eai/ea
i?noai eo?yoa aiaeeoue e iaee ii/iou inoe(n), aicie iaei(?)o yeoe,
eioi?i cin(o), a oiiu yeoeah caeheae aeh?eo… (EAI, XV???, 57).

Ie?ai? iai’yoee XVII–XVIII no. cana?ae/othoue niieoee noaio +
?io?i?oea, ui aaeeaaeeny ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae??. O?enothoueny
aiie a Aeoia?e eiec? Noa?iaeoanueeiai ai?iaeiaiai o?yaeo 1693 ?.,
E?oiien? Aaee/ea, aeoao nioaiieo eaioeaey??e E?aiaa?aaeii? Oe?a?ie, o
e?oa?aoo?ieo oaenoao. A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao niieoee iaee oooo?aeueia
cia/aiiy, iai?.: /oau iae ieo oae?e neiaa: “Ia noaiaiu iaiueie ?iaeou,
aiaeh auaea!” (AeI?I, 1724, 159) – “ia aoaeaii ?iaeoe”. I?ioa
caeaa?eueoiai niieoee aaeeaathoueny c ?ia?aneaiei cia/aiiyi,
aenooiathoue ii?yae c ?io?i?oeaieie eiino?oeoe?yie c ae??neiaaie o/io,
o/iaou, iai?.: A ooi ia noaiaou a[i]n[o]aea?th oea?th… neoaeeoe e
i?yieoe, eee ooi o/iaou nu eou… iaae?oae nunueaony, e iih n ohie
ethaeie… aeoeny aei nia?oe (E.Aae.,1659, 238); a aoaeao ooi ai?aaeu
aei ?iaeo iiaai e ieaiaie ii iieo e?aiinoyo noaioo ca iaai, Noaiaia, e
ca aeaio aai e ca aeaoae anooiaooea, eee a aai, Noaiaiiae, aeeaioe, e
o/ioo aai aiei/eo e oaeo/eo (AN, 1693, 119).

IV. Oi?ie I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii aooe (auoe).

Aiae?c iai’yoie O?–O??? no. aeicaiey? noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui o cacia/aiee
ia??iae oi?ia aaeeaaeany aeoaea ??aeei. Ae??neiai auoe aoei
i?iaeoeoeaiei o ooieoe?? i?inoiai ae??ne?aiiai i?enoaeea oa
ae??neiaa-ca’ycee o neeaaeaiiio ?iaiiiio i?enoaeeo. ?iao??anueeee
e?oiien o?eno? e?eueea ?io?i?oeaieo eiino?oeoe?e c ae??neiaii auoe,
o yeeo ?io?i?oeae iiaee aooe ye iaaeieiiaiiai, oae ? aeieiiaiiai aeaeo,
iai?.: aoue ie aoaeaoue oo nhae#/e aeia?i neaoe a Aaee/ue. aaea oe n#aeo
a Aaee/e. oi Aoaeueneu oaie aicuai?i/th. e .a. ai?iaeu i?eaeaiu e oiio
(EE, 1173, 564); aeaea/a ?niue aiieeu ii Iieiaoeaou. a eiie iie ia
iiaiooue. aaea ie aioaeaoue iuih iihoaoe. oi oieeei ie aioaeaoue ia
aei?ich wnoaoe. e iiiiaea ?iio Anaaieiaeu (1185, 640). Ae??neiai
aoaeaoue aenooiaei o iaaaaeaieo niieoeao c? niaoeeo?/iei cia/aiiyi –
aeiaaaeaoueny, o?aieoueny.

O aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e iia? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oi?ie aoaeo + ?io?i?oea
c?inoa?, i?ioa c??aeea cana?ae/othoueny aeiaaeee ooai?aiiy a?ae
?io?i?oea?a aeieiiaiiai aeaeo.

Iai’yoee XVI–XVII no. oe?iei o?enothoue cacia/ai? oi?ie. Caeaa?eueoiai
aiie iicia/athoue iaeaooith ae?th, ?aae?caoe?y yei? ia ia? /aniaeo
iaiaaeaiue.

Neeaaeai? oi?ie I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo a oe?a?inueeeo aiai?ao ii??aiyii
c? neeaaeiith oi?iith ioiieththoue a?eueoee a?aae – iie?nuee?,
i?aaeaiii-no?aei? oa /anoeio i?aaeaiii-cao?aeieo aiai??a.

V. Oi?ie ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano.

sse cana?ae/othoue aeaai? iai’yoee, a O?–O??? no. oi?ia
ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano aaeeaaeany ??aeei. Caeaa?eueoiai oea aoee oi?ie
aeieiiaiiai aeaeo, ui caa??aaee niaoeeo?/ia cia/aiiy ae??, yea
ia?aaeoaaoeia ?io?e iaeaooi?e ae??, ? aoee i?aaenoaaeai? o
neeaaeiii?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiiyo c i?ae?yaeieie oiiae. Eeoa a ie?aieo
aeiaaeeao oi?ie ia iaee a?aeo?ieo oiiaiino?, ooai?thaaeeny a?ae
ae??i?eeiaoieea iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo ? aaeeaaeeny c? cia/aiiyi, aeecueeei
aei /enoiai iaeaooiueiai.

O aeaaiueioe?a?inuee?e iia? oi?ia ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano
caeeoa?oueny iaeii?iaeoeoeaiith, oi/a e o?eno?oueny a on?o aiae?ciaaieo
iai’yoeao. Ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue oi?i iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo,
c’yaeythoueny o?enaoe?? oi?i, o yeeo aeiiii?aeia ae??neiai ia
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ae??i?eeiaoieeii, iai?.: a oaei(ae) eiee nh
ciaeaeio(o) i(o) iaoe(o) oaoa?u… ui aioae?(o) nh ioieoaee io n?ne
?icie?eoee, a iu eia?iu e(o) iochoe ii#(o) iaca(ae) (1435 aai 1436;
NNOI XIV–XV, ?, 143).

O noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia? XVI–XVII no. niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
caiaiaaeo oi?i ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano. Iai’yoee ae?eiai? ienaiiino?
??aeei ?o o?enothoue, o aaaaoueio iai’yoeao ?o acaaae? iaia?. Oi?ie I* c
ae??i?eeiaoieeii ia -eu o ae?eiaeo iai’yoeao aeei?enoiaothoueny
ia?aaaaeii o eaioeaey?nueeeo ooaiiao, ia?aaaaeathoue oi?ie
iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, ci?ith?oueny ?o cia/aiiy.

A io?oe?eii-ae?eiaeo, ?noi?eei-iaioa?ieo ? e?oa?aoo?ieo oaenoao oi?ie
aoaeo c ae??i?eeiaoieeii ia -eu aaeeaathoueny o cia/aii? /enoiai
iaeaooiueiai, iai?.: aea aaoa ei?ieaaneay ieeinoue, yei iaiu ioae?ue,
iiuiu ca ceia ia oieueei ia iaoe, aea oaaeu e iioaaeeoe oaeu
?iciuneueiia au oie ia?a iinooiiaaia aoaeaou ?a/eeu (ATHC?, ?/1, 1596,
512); E aeii aeooh ?ai aei/ania ny ciiniaae, Ea/ oai au i?eauoeao ah/iuo
aoaeao ?ineioiaae. (OI, XVI–XVII, 216).

A?aenooi?noue oi?i o ai?eni?euenueeeo, eioaeoeueeeo, aeeoiie?nueeeo,
noa?iaeoanueeeo, iieoaanueeeo aeoiaeo eieaao na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia
oe?e oa?eoi??? o XVI–XVII no. aiie ia aaeeaaeeny. A yeui ? o?aieyeeny o
iai’yoeao, noai?aieo ia cacia/ai?e oa?eoi???, oi, i/aaeaeii, iena??
aaeeaaee ?o ca o?aaeeoe??th.

Oi?ie c ae??i?eeiaoieeii aeieiiaiiai aeaeo cian?i aeoiaeyoue c oaeeoeo,
a c ae??i?eeiaoieeii iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo caa?aaeeny a ie?aieo i?ai?/ieo
(AOI, ?, ?263) oa i?aaeaiii-cao?aeieo (AOI, ??, ?244) aiai?ao ?
i?iaeiaaeothoue ooieoe?iioaaoe ii?yae c oi?iaie aoaeo + ?io?i?oea.
Oaiaeaioe?y aei caiaiaaeo oi?i iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo aeyaey?oueny o ao?ao?
eieeoi?i ae??i?eeiaoieeii a?aiaoe/ieo cia/aiue (ae?ii/iai oa
na?aaeiueiai ?iaeo, iiiaeeie).

Aeniiaee

1. Oi?ioaaiiy neioaoe/ii? oi?ie I* aeieiiaiiai aeaeo caaa?oo?oueny a
?noi?e/iee ia??iae. O aeaai?o iai’yoeao ia iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae??
iiaee aaeeaaoeny oi?ie oaia??oiueiai /ano iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo.

2. Aeaeiaa cia/aiiy ae??ne?a «oe, ii/aoe, auoe o iaeaeaai?oee ienaiiee
ia??iae ia aoei /?oei aecia/aiei, oiio iiaeeea? aoee niieoee c
?io?i?oeaaie aeieiiaiiai aeaeo.

3. A oe?a?inuee?e iia? ia caa?aaeeny ?io?i?oeai? niieoee c
aeiiii?aeieie ae??neiaaie ii/aoe, oio?oe, noaoe ia iicia/aiiy
iaeaooiuei? ae??. Eeoa o iaaieo eiioaenoieo oiiaao aiie iiaeooue iaoe
cia/aiiy, iaaeeaeaia aei oooo?aeueiiai.

4. Iioe?aia o no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iiaao oi?ia I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo
aoaeo + ?io?i?oea ii??aiyii c ?ioeie aiae?oe/ieie oi?iaie c’yaey?oueny
i?cii. C XVI no. oi?ia noa? i?iaeoeoeaiith, ia?aaaaea? o iai’yoeao
??cieo aeai??a ? aaeeaa?oueny aac naiaioe/ieo iaiaaeaiue.

5. C ae?oai? iieiaeie XVI no. a oe?a?inuee?e iia? ii/eia? aaeeaaoeny
neioaoe/ia oi?ia I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, noi?iiaaia ia iniia?
aiae?oe/ieo oi?i c aeiiii?aeiei ae??neiaii «oe.

6. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo aaeeaaeany ia?aaaaeii o
neeaaeieo ?a/aiiyo ? iicia/aea eiie?aoi?oo ae?th ii??aiyii c
aiae?oe/iith oi?iith aoaeo + ?io?i?oea.

7. Neioaoe/ia oi?ia I* iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo, eiieo?oth/e c aiae?oe/iith
ye a?eueo oi?aa?naeueiith, ao?a/a? naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino?. O no/ani?e
oe?a?inuee?e iia? niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei iiaii? ao?aoe
niaoeeo?/iiai cia/aiiy .

8. Oe?a?inueea iiaa ia caa?aaea oi?ie ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano. O
aiai?ao ooieoe?iio? oi?ia iaaeieiiaiiai aeaeo o cia/aii? /enoiai
iaeaooiueiai.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiss aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a oaeeo
ioaE?eaoe?sso:

1. Ia?/eei E.I. Oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano a “Aeoiaeo eieaao Iieoaanueeiai
i?nueeiai o?yaeo” (1664–1680 ??.) // No?aeiineia’yinuee? iiae a ?o
?noi?e/iiio ?icaeoeo: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo iai’yo?
i?ioani?a N.I.Nai?eeaiea. – Caii??aeaey: CAeO, 1996. – *. 1. – N. 96–98.

2. Ia?/eei E.I. C ?noi??? neeaaeieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano a
oe?a?inuee?e iia? // Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: OAeIO, 1997. – N.
20–26.

3. Ia?/eei E.I. ?c niinoa?aaeaiue iaae oi?iaie ia?aaeiaeaooiueiai /ano
// I?iaeaie a?aiaoeee ? eaeneeieia?? oe?a?inueei? iiae: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue / IIO ?i.I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa. – E., 1998. – N. 75–80.

4. Ia?/eei E.I. Oi?ie iaeaooiueiai /ano o oai?ao ?. Aaeyoianueeiai //
Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia: I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee
ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: IIO ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1998. –
N.22–25.

5. Ia?/eei E.I. Ae?aaeaiiy iaeaooiuei? ae?? a oe?a?inueeeo iai’yoeao
XVI–XVII no. // Nenoaia ? no?oeoo?a no?aeiineia’yinueeeo iia:
I?aeeaoaae?aeueiee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – E.: IIO
?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaii-aa, 1999. – N. 146–153.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ia?/eei E.I. ?noi??y oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano ae??neiaa a oe?a?inuee?e
iia?. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe c? niaoe?aeueiino? 10.02.01. – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Iaoe?iiaeueiee
iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ia iaoa??ae? ienaiieo iai’yoie ??cieo aeai??a
XI–XVIII no. aeine?aeaeo?oueny ?noi??y noaiiaeaiiy neioaoe/ieo oa
aiae?oe/ieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano a oe?a?inuee?e iia?. O ?iaio?
i?iaiae?ciaaii ?io?i?oeai? niieoee oa oi?ie, ye? aaeeaaeeny ia
iicia/aiiy iaeaooiuei? ae?? o aeaaiuei-oe?a?inuee?e oa
noa?ioe?a?inuee?e iia?, i?inoaaeothoueny iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
ae??ne?aieo oi?i iaeaooiueiai /ano a oe?a?inuee?e iia?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaeaooi?e /an, oooo?aeueia cia/aiiy, iaeaooi?e
neeaaeaiee ?, ia?aaeiaeaooi?e /an.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ia?/eei E.I. Enoi?ey oi?i aoaeouaai a?aiaie aeaaiea a oe?aeineii ycuea.
– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01. – oe?aeineee ycue. – Iaoeeiiaeueiue
iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ia iaoa?eaea ienueiaiiuo iaiyoieeia ?aciuo noeeae
XI–XVIII no., nicaeaiiuo ia ?aciuo oa??eoi?eyo, enneaaeoaony enoi?ey
noaiiaeaiey neioaoe/aneie (iaieoo, ienaoeio) e aiaeeoe/aneie (aoaeo
ienaoe) oi?i aoaeouaai a?aiaie a oe?aeineii ycuea. A aeaiiie ?aaioa
eceaaathony acaeyaeu ioa/anoaaiiuo e ca?oaaaeiuo enneaaeiaaoaeae ia
i?iaeaio noaiiaeaiey neioaoe/aneeo e aiaeeoeoaneeo oi?i aoaeouaai
a?aiaie a ainoi/iineaayineeo ycueao, a /anoiinoe a oe?aeineii ycuea.

Ioaeaeueiay aeaaa iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oi?ie?iaaiey neioaoe/aneie
oi?iu aoaeouaai a?aiaie niaa?oaiiiai aeaea, eioi?ay caaa?oaaony a
enoi?e/aneee ia?eiae. Noaiiaeaiea yoie oi?iu oanii naycaii n i?ioeannii
aeaeiaie aeeooa?aioeeaoeee.

A ?aaioa i?ineaaeeaaaony ?acaeoea aoaeouaai neiaeiiai I e
i?aaeaeaaoaeouaai (aoaeouaai neiaeiiai II) a oe?aeineii ycuea.
Aiaeece?othony eioeieoeaiua ni/aoaiey e oi?iu n aeaaieaie eiaoe, eihoe,
«oe, oiohoe, ii/aoe (ia/aoe, ca/aoe, o/aoe), noaoe, auoe (aooe) a
ae?aaiaoe?aeineeo e noa?ioe?aeineeo iaiyoieeao.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeyaony eioeieoeaiui eiino?oeoeeyi n aeaaieaie
eiaoe, eihoe, «oe, iineieueeo neioaoe/aneay oi?ia aoaeouaai a?aiaie
ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea a oe?aeineii ycuea noi?ie?iaaeanue ia iniiaa
eioeieoeaiuo ni/aoaiee ni aniiiiaaoaeueiui aeaaieii «oe. Aiaeec
oaenoia XI–XVIII co. iicaieyao ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi aeaaie «oe, a
ioee/ea io eiaoe, eihoe, n eioeieoeaaie niaa?oaiiiai aeaea iia
oiio?aaeyoueny oieueei a ?aiieo iaiyoieeao, eiaaea aeaeiaua ?acee/ey
ieii/aoaeueii ia noi?ie?iaaeenue. Eioeieoeaiua ni/aoaiey n aeaaieaie
eiaoe, eihoe, iaicia/ay aeaenoaea aoaeouae ?aaeecaoeee, nio?aiytho
iiaeaeueiua cia/aiey iaiaoiaeeiinoe, aeieaeainoaiaaiey, eeoue a
aaeeie/iuo neo/ayo aunooiay a ea/anoaa aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aeaaiea
aiaeeoe/aneie oi?iu aoaeouaai a?aiaie. Aeaaie «oe n eioeieoeaii
ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea oiio?aaeyeny n oooo?aeueiui cia/aieai, ia?acoy
aiaeeoe/aneoth oi?io aoaeouaai a?aiaie, eioi?ay iicaea i?aia?aciaaeanue
a neioaoe/aneoth. Neioaoe/aneea oi?iu aoaeouaai a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai
aeaea oeene?othony ni aoi?ie iieiaeiu XVI a. a iaiyoieeao ?aciuo
aeai?ia. Oi?iu oiio?aaeythony a oaenoao ioeoeeaeueii-aeaeiaiai
(ai?eniieueneea, ie?yoeineea, noa?iaeoaneea, eioaeoeeea aeoiaua eieae),
enoi?eei-iaioa?iiai, iao/ii-iiioey?iiai noeeae, a oaeaea a
ooaeiaeanaaiiuo i?iecaaaeaieyo. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi neioaoe/aneay oi?ia
aoaeouaai a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea a noa?ioe?aeineeo iaiyoieeao
oiio?aaeyeanue i?aeiouanoaaiii a neiaeiuo i?aaeeiaeaieyo, iaicia/aea
aieaa eiie?aoiia aoaeouaa aeaenoaea, a ioee/ea io aiaeeoe/aneie oi?iu
aoaeouaai a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea aoaeo + eioeieoea. Neioaoe/aneay
oi?ia aoaeouaai a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea, eiieo?e?oy n aiaeeoe/aneie
eae aieaa oieaa?naeueiie, iinoaiaiii oo?a/eaaao naiaioe/aneea
iniaaiiinoe e oiio?aaeyaony a nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ycuea ia?aeeaeueii
n aiaeeoe/aneie.

A ?aaioa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu eioeieoeaiua ni/aoaiey n iiaeaeueiui aeaaieii
oiohoe e oaciauie ii/aoe (ia/aoe, ca/aoe, o/aoe), noaoe, a eioi?uo
iiaeaeueiua e oaciaua aeaaieu ia cae?aieythony a ea/anoaa
aniiiiaaoaeueiiai aeaaiea a ninoaaa aiaeeoe/aneie oi?iu aoaeouaai
a?aiaie.

Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii oi?ie?iaaieth aiaeeoe/aneie oi?iu aoaeouaai
a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea ni aniiiiaaoaeueiui aeaaieii aooe (auoe),
eioi?ay noaiiaeony i?iaeoeoeaiie a XIV–XV aa., a a XVI–XVIII aa.
i?aiaeaaeaao iaae anaie ae?oaeie oi?iaie aoaeouaai a?aiaie.

Enneaaeothony oaeaea oi?iu i?aaeaeaaoaeouaai a?aiaie, eioi?ua
oiio?aaeyeenue a ae?aaiaoe?aeineii ycuea ni niaoeeoe/aneei cia/aieai. A
noa?i-oe?aeineii ycuea oi?ia i?aaeaeaaoaeouaai oo?aoeea niaoeeoe/aneoth
naiaioeeo, iia ano?a/aeanue ?aaeei, oiio?aaeyeanue ia oieueei a oneiaiuo
eiino?oeoeeyo, ia?aciauaaeanue i?aeiouanoaaiii io i?e/anoee
ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea. Oaeei ia?acii, a oe?aeineii ycuea oi?ia
i?aaeaeaaoaeouaai a?aiaie ia nio?aieeanue, oioy a nia?aiaiiuo aiai?ao
oiio?aaeythony oi?iu aoaeouaai a?aiaie ianiaa?oaiiiai aeaea oeia aoaeo
?iae a cia/aiee “/enoiai aoaeouaai”.

A ?aaioa i?ineaaeeaathony iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey aeaaieueiuo
oi?i aoaeouaai a?aiaie a oe?aeineii ycuea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aoaeouaa a?aiy, oooo?aeueiia cia/aiea, aoaeouaa
neiaeiia ?, i?aaeaeaaoaeouaa a?aiy.

SUMMARY

Marchylo L.M. The History of the Verbal Future Tense Forms in Ukrainian
Language.– Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate degree in Philology by speciality 10.02.01 –
Ukrainian language.– National Pedagogical University named after
M.Dragomanov, Kyiv, 1999.

In the dissertation the history of development of synthetic (iaieoo,
ienaoeio) and analytical (aoaeo ienaoe) verbal of future tense forms is
described on the material of the written sources of the different styles
of the XI-th –XVIII-th cc. The infinitive combinations and forms for
denoting of future actions are analysed. The basic tendencies of the
development of the verbal future tense forms in Ukrainian language are
traced.

Key words: the future tense, the meaning of the future tense forms, the
future tense I, pre-future tense forms.

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