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?INOEOOO O?EINIO?? ?IAI? A.N.NEIAI?IAeE

IAOe?IIAEUeII? AEAAeAI?? IAOE OE?A?IE

ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 21.15.21

OAOTHOEIA IAOAE?ss TH???AIA

?NOI??INIONUeEEE AIAE?C OssAEAIUe I?I IAAeI?E?IAeIA

O A??OAAIIssO NEIA’ssINUeEIAI IANAEAIIss

AeAAIUeI? OE?A?IE

niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.11 – ?ae?a??ciaanoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Ee?a –1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?ae?a??ciaanoaa Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Eoanueeee A.?.

(Ee?anueeee Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?ae?a??ciaanoaa).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Aeooae A.N.

(Naaanoiiieuenueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, aeaia?oa-

iaio aoiai?oa?ieo ? nioe?aeueieo iaoe)

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe,
aeioeaio Eicei A.N.

( Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao eoeueoo?e ? ienoaoeoa;

eaoaae?a aoiieoeueoo?ieia??, i. Ee?a )

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee

( i. Eooeuee )

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 12 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? 00 oa. ia
can?aeaii?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 26.161.03 a ?inoeooo? o?einio?? ?i.
A.N. Neiai?iaee

IAI Oe?a?ie ( 252001, Ee?a, aoe. O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4 )

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?einio??
?i. A. N. Neiai?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie ( 252001, Ee?a, aoe.
O?ueionayoeoaeuenueea, 4)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “12“ aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiae. ?noi?e/ieo iaoe
Iaaeoiea A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia ianaiia?aae niaoeeo?eith
ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, yeei ? nooo?aa iciaea ?ae?a?eiiai
na?oini?eeiyooy – a??a a iaaei?e?iaeia a ?? eiie?aoiiio ?noi?e/iiio
ioi?ieaii?. Eaeaoueny i?i ia?ace iaaei?e?iaeiiai, inieneaiiy yeeo a
eiioaeno? yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino? aeaea?oueny ae?ae aaaeeeaei c
iaeyaeo ia aeaye? noia?a/eea? i?ioeane oa oaiaeaioe?? a aeooiaiiio
aeeoo? no/anii? Oe?a?ie.

A oiiaao aaaaoiiai?oiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo noni?euenoao aeooiaieo
oe?iiinoae iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaea?oueny ?ae?a?eiei aen?ieia?/iei
onoaiiaeai oa i?eioeeiai. Cie?aia aeooaeueiei a aeine?aeieoeueeeo eieao
? aiae?c ci?noo nooo?ai? ?ene ?ae?a?eiiai na?oini?eeiyooy – a??e a
iaaei?e?iaeia. Iaeiae inyaiaiiy oaiiiaio a??e a iaaei?e?iaeia, cacae/ae,
aai iaiaaeo?oueny nooi aiaineianueeei aa/aiiyi i?iaeaie, ui c?aooith
i?eaiaeeoue aei oaa?aeaeaiiy i?i iacaaaiaii?noue ?ae?a?eii? a??e oa ??
aen?iiaoe/i?noue, aai ae caaeiaieueiy?oueny eiinoaoaoe??th oa
iienia?noth ??cieo oi?i a??e a iaaei?e?iaeia, ye i?aaeei o
o?enoeyinuee?e o?aaeeoe??.

Iaoii?noue iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue no/aniiai ?ae?a??ciaanoaa
? naia aiae?c ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i ?ae?a?eii? na?aeiiino?. A?aeoae
aiae?oe/iiai ?icaeyaeo iio?aao? ? i?iaeaia ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai.
C’ynoaaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie a eiioaeno? yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue oa
oyaeaiue neia’yinueei? ethaeiino? aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie aea? iiaeeea?noue
iai a?eueo iiaeeaeaii ona?aeiieoe aeoiee aaaaoueio ?ae?a?eieo oe?iiinoae
c iaeiiai aieo, a c ?ioiai, — ia?ainieneeoe na?oiaeyaei? i?eioeeie e
oe?ii?ni? onoaiiaee iaoeo i?auo??a.

Iniaeeai cacia/eii, ui aiae?c aeaaiueineia’yinueeeo a??oaaiue oa
oyaeaiue a aniaeo? ?ice?eooy ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai aaaaoi a /iio
i?iyniy? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaeyaeii? ia?aaeeaie aeaai?o
oe?a?ioe?a. ? a oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aeniiaee cai?iiiiiaaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeii? iini?eyoe aaeaeaaoiiio ?icoi?iith ?aeaeiiai
i?aea?oioy iaioae?oaoo oe?a?inueeiai aoiino.

Caoaaaeeii oaeiae, ui i?ioean c?inoaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino?,
ui i?enei?eany aiane?aeie caeiaoooy Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino?, cia/ii
ao?a/a? aac canai?iiy aeooiaieo nea?a?a i?aaee?a. Oei a?eueo, ui
iaeiie/aiee aeooiaiee iioaioe?ae o aeaeyae? yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue oa
oyaeaiue ? ?o i?iaeoeoo – i?oieia?? caaaeii caaaa/o? aoiioiiae
oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ?? eoeueoo?i? o?aaeeoe??.

A oiiaao aeii?ioaaiiy o?enoeyinueeeo oe?iiinoae a ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo?
no/anieo oe?a?ioe?a iaaaeueiith aeaea?oueny oaeiae ua iaeia ni?iaa
iiaeieaiiy iioe?aii? iei? iaaaoea?nonueei? oaiaeaioe?? a ieoaii?
noaaeaiiy aei aeio?enoeyinueeiai ieioeiai ?on?. A?aeoae ia aeioe?eueii
ia ??ai? no/anieo ?ae?a??ciaa/eo e caaaeii aoiai?oa?ieo aeinyaiaiue
oaa?aeeoe i?i caoea?oae?noue, aacaa?ai?noue, iaaecia/ai?noue,
i?ei?oea?ci yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a??.

A??aiiaaaeaiee aiae?oe/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?iaeaie aeio?enoeyinueeeo
a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue aeaai?o oe?a?ioe?a aeiaaa?, ii-iiaeeeaino?,
aaeaeaaoiiai oeoia/aiiy oaiiiaio aeaaiueineia’yinueeiai yce/ieoeoaa e
?icoi?iiy eiai ianaiia?aae ye ci?noiaii iane/aii? niaoeeo?/ieie
?ae?a?eieie oe?iiinoyie eoeueoo?ii? o?aaeeoe??, yea aieeioea iaaiith
i??ith ? ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?enoeyinoaa a Oe?a?i? — ?on?.

Ca?nii, ui aac aiae?oe/iiai ?icaeyaeo iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaiith iinoa?
e i?iaeaia “cono??/?” o?enoeyinoaa c yce/ieoeoaii, ui ciaeoea nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ooieoe?iioaaii? o. ca. i?aaineaaii — yce/ieoeueeiai
neie?aoecio. E??i oiai, c’ynoaaiiy ci?noiaieo a?aeo?ie?a ?ae?a?eii?
o?aaeeoe?? no?aeiineia’yinueei? ethaeiino? aea? iiaeeea?noue aianoe
iaai? ei?aeoeae a ieoaiiy inieneaiiy ?aeaeieo ia?aaeoiia o?enoeyi?caoe??
?on?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaie oaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue neeaaeiaith aei eiiieaenii? iaoeiai? oaie: “
?noi??y ?ae?a?? a Oe?a?i? ”, yea i?ioyaii aeanyoe ?ie?a ?ic?iaey?oueny
A?aeae?eaiiyi ?ae?a??ciaanoaa ?inoeoooo o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: a na?oe?
?noi??inionueeiai i?aeoiaeo ?ice?eoe i?ioean iine?aeiaiiai oi?ioaaiiy
oyaeaiiy i?i iaaei?e?iaeia a ?ae?a?ei?e o?aaeeoe?? ia?iaeo Aeaaiuei?
Oe?a?ie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aeena?oaio i?aaia ?ica’ycaoe oae?
caaaeaiiy:

1) Ie?aneeoe aieiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo aeine?aeieoeueei? aeoiee c ia?aii?
oaie aeena?oaoe??, aiae?coth/e eeoa o? i?aoe?, aaoi?e yeeo iaeaeeae/a
i?ae?eoee naia aei ?noi??inionueeiai inieneaiiy oaiiiaio
iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

2) C’ynoaaoe ci?noiaio iaiiaiai?noue oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai oa oi?ie
aeyao eiai a o?aaeeoe?? no?aeiineia’yinueeiai yce/ieoeoaa.

3) ?ice?eoe iiiyo?eiee noaoon oiai/aniiai noa’?eoa oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia oa aeyaeoe aoi?/i? oi?ie, ye? iaaoaaa oeae noa’?eo a
i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue.

4) Aecia/eoe i?eioeeie oa e?eoa???, ca?aeii c yeeie i?iaiaeeoueny
?noi??inionueeee aiae?c oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

5) C’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? ia?a?niiai na?oi?icoi?iiy ia?ac?a
iaaei?e?iaeiiai o aeaeyae? aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue oa iienaoe ?o oi?ie,
i?eiaa?aeii aeyaeyth/e ?o nooi?ni? ?ene.

6) Aeine?aeeoe oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy aeaaiuei?onueei? ethaeiino? ia
i?aenoaa? aeieeaaeiiai aiae?co ci?noo iaea?eueo iieaciaeo ia?niiaae?a
yce/ieoeueeiai iaioaiio aia?a.

7) A eiioaeno? aeyaeaiiy iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiino? iaea?eueo nioe?aeueii
cia/eieo yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a i?inoaaeeoe i?ioean iinooiiaiai aec??aaiiy
naia ?o aeai?o?a?/ii? ooieoe??, oiaoi oai?eeueiiai ia/aea.

Oai?aoeei — iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aeaea?aeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e ?ica’ycaii? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeena?oaio aeoiaeea c oaeeo
caaaeueieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo i?eioeei?a ye ia’?eoeai?noue, i?eioeei
ii?aeiaiiy ?noi?e/iiai oa eia?/iiai, iicaeiioan?ei?noue. Aeiiae
aaciina?aaeiueiai ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai
coiiaeee oaeiae aeio?eioaaiiy aaoi?ii i?eioeei?a oi?iaoe?eiino?,
aooo?aino? oa naiiaecia/aiino?. E??i oiai, i?e aeyaeaii? ci?noo
?ae?a?eieo oyaeaiue no?aeieo neia’yi, “e?oiienieo ieaiai” ? ?on?a
c’yaeeanue iaiao?aei?noue ei?enoaoeny aeayeeie niaoeeo?/ieie
i?eioeeiaie. Eaeaoueny, cie?aia, i?i i?eioeei ii?aeiaiiy aaoiooiiiiai ?
anei?eueiaaiiai oa i?eioeei caeaaeiino? ?ae?a?eiiai a?ae iaioaeueiiai.

Aiae?c aaciina?aaei?o ia?oiaeaea?ae oa /eneaiieo o?einionueeeo,
?noi?e/ieo, e?iaa?noe/ieo oa aoiia?ao?/ieo oaeno?a, a naith /a?ao,
coiiaea caa?iaiiy aeena?oaioa aei iaoiaeo aiae?co oa neioaco, a oaeiae
iaoiaeo nenoaiaoecaoe?? e ocaaaeueiaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? aaoi? iineoaiaoaaany ianaiia?aae e?oiienaie, iia/aiiyie
ee?anueeeo eieaeiee?a i?ioe yce/iee?a, ?noi?e/ieie o?ii?eaie. C — iii?ae
aaciina?aaei?o ia?oiaeaea?ae aiae?cothoueny: “Aiyi?a a?ii” (?V no.),
“Eieaa Eieyaee” (V no.), “Aaeaniaa eieaa” (V no.), neia’yinueeee
ia?aeeaae “O?ii?ee Eiaia Iaeaee” (O no.), “Iia?noue a?ai’yieo e?o” (O?-
ii/. OI no.), “Neiai i iieeo ?ai?aa?i” (OII no.), “Neiai na. A?eai??y”
a?eueo a?aeiia i?ae iacaith “Neiai i?i ?aeie?a” (OII no.) oa “Neiai
?a/aiiai o?enoiethaoeai” (O?V no.). I?e oeueiio aeaye? c aiae?ciaaieo
iaie ia?oiaeaea?ae, ia?aaaaeii o ia?aeeaaeao ?in?enueeiai neaa?noa I.
Aniaa, ua ia noaaaee i?aaeiaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue oe?ieiai iaoeiaiai
caaaeo.

Aeaea?aeaie aeey cai?iiiiiaaiiai ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co ?ae?a?eieo
a??oaaiue iaoeo i?auo??a iineoaeeee oaeiae /eneaii? aoiia?ao?/i?
oieueeei?enoe/i?, e?iaa?noe/i? oa nooi ?noi?e/i? i?aoe?. Iniaeeai
ei?enieie aeyaeeenue i?aea??ea aoiia?ao?/ieo oaeno?a i?ae iacaith
“Oe?a?ioe?: ia?iaei? a??oaaiiy, iia??’y, aeaiiiieia?y” (1991),
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?in?enueeiai ?noi?eea A. ?eaaeiaa,
oe?a?inueeeo aeine?aeiee?a A. Aeooaea, I. A?ae/aanueeiai oa o?eieia?/i?
?ica?aeee A.?aaiiaa ? A.Oiii?iaa.

E??i oiai, aeaea?aeueiith aacith ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia e aiaeii/an oai?aoeei — iaoiaeieia?/iei cia?yaeaeyi oaeiai
aiae?co ? ?ae?a??ciaa/? ? aeaye? o?einionuee? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaoi?e
yeeo aena?oethaaee oaiiiai iaaei?e?iaeiiai a ?noi?e/ieo ?ae?a?yo oa o
a??oaaiiyo eiie?aoieo aoiin?a. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? iniaeeai aeae?eeii
i?aoe? ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a N.Oiea??aa, TH.Eaaaaee, A.Eiaiaeea, A.
Eieiaeiiai, A. Eicei ? o?einioa I.Iiiiae/a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii?
oiai iieiaeaiiy, ui i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino?
aeaai?o oe?a?ioe?a cae?enithaaany oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai ?icai?oaiiy
ci?noo aeaiii?noe/ieo oa oa?noe/ieo ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai. I?e oeueiio
yce/ieoeuee? oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i iaaei?e?iaeia iinooiiai aeieeathoue
ia iniia? iiia?aaei?o – aeaiii?noe/ieo, ye ?o aaeaeaaoia aeiiaiaiiy.

A iaaeao i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaioii aenoiooa iecea
iieiaeaiue, ui neeaaeathoue aeaiaioe iiaecie:

1. O i?aoeyo ?ae?a??ciaaoe?a, ?noi?ee?a oa o?einio?a a yeeo
aena?oeth?oueny i?iaeaia aeio?enoeyinueeeo oyaeaiue oa a??oaaiue aea
aaoi?ii aeyaey?oueny nooi?iue ii?aoeueiaaiino? oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai
oa cia/ei?noue ?aeaeieo caeiaooe?a aeine?aeiee?a oa iiaeeeaiai
?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co.

2. Aeii?iaioith yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino? ? a??a a iaaei?e?iaeia ? ??
i?iaeoeo – ia?ace iaaei?e?iaeiiai. ?noi??inionueea inieneaiiy ci?noiaii?
iaiiaiaiino? oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai aea? iiaeeea?noue aeciaoe
iayai?noue ?noi?e/ii noi?iiaaieo aeaio eoeueoo?, ?ai?acaioiaaieo
aeaiii?noe/ieie oa oa?noe/ieie ia?acaie.

3. Noa’?eoii ( aoiinoa’?eoii) yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino? ? cie?aia
i?eoaiaiieo ?e oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia ia oa?aiao Aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie
? ?icaeyiooa a aeeiai?oe? aoi?/ia ni?euei?noue, ui a na?e /an
aeae?eeeanue c ?iaei?a?iiaenueeiai ianeao e iinooiiai neeaeanue a
eoeueoo?ioa??io oe?e?ni?noue i?ae iacaith “ ia?iae ?on?a “.
A?aeiia?aeii no?aeiineaa’yinuee? ia?iaee, ii?ney “ e?oiieni? ieaiaia “
( aioe, aaiaaee, iieyie, n?aa?yie, oee/e, ae?aaeyie, aieeiyie, aoaeaie,
aeoe?ae), a c?aooith e ?one ?icaeyaeathoueny ia i?aaeiao ciaoiaeaeaiiy a
?o na?oini?eeiyoo? aeaiii?noe/ieo oa oa?noe/ieo ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

4. ?noi??inionueeee aiae?c aeooae?co?oueny /a?ac inieneaiiy ia?ac?a
iaaei?e?iaeiiai ca?aeii c iaaieie e?eoa??yie yeeie ? : a) oa?aeoa?
ca’yceo iaaei?e?iaeiiai c i?e?iaeiei; a) niin?a eiai oiniaeaiiy; a)
noa?a aieeao iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia aeiae?eey; a) ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue
iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

5. Aeaiii?noe/i? a??oaaiiy, ye? i?eoaiaii? ua i?aneia’yiai ? oe?iei
i?aaenoaaeai? o ?ae?a?eiino? neia’yinuee?o “ e?oiienieo ieaiaiao “, a
oe?eiio ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao ia?a?niiai na?oi?icoi?iiy, iniaeeainoyie
yeiai ne?ae aeciaoe /?oei ae?aaeaio o?aaeeoe?eio oniaaeeiaai?noue ci?noo
ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai; “?icieo?noue“ iaae i?ae oeeie ia?acaie ?
?aaeueieie i?aaeiaoaie; neie?aoeci ca’yce?a i?ae i?e?iaeiei ?
iaaei?e?iaeiei, ia?acii ? ae??th. A no?oeoo?iiio a?aeiioaii?
aeaiii?noe/i? oyaeaiiy aeeth/athoue a naaa ia ?aii?e noaae?? – a??oaaiiy
a ceeo oa aeia?eo aeoo?a, ia i?ci?e – ?ai?acaioiaai?e a??oaaiiyie a
??ciiiai?oi? aa?a?i? oa ano?aeuei? aiaeanoaa.

6. Ci?no oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue a?aeoai?th?oueny caaaeyee iieniaei oa
aiae?oe/iei oa?aeoa?enoeeai eiie?aoieo ?o oi?i. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii?
aeioe?eueiei ? aeae?eaiiy Aaeeeiai O?eaeaao – oiniaeaiiy o?enoaae?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy yce/ieoeueeiai einiino, c iaeiiai aieo, c ?ioiai – neiaieo
oiiae?aiaiiy ae?iaie/i – ainiiaea?nueeiio oeeeeo aeaai?o neia’yi.
?iinoanyie Aaeeeiai O?eaeaaa aeciathoueny: Naa?ia, Ia?oi, Nayoia?o.
?io?, ia iaio aaaeeea? a yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? aiae, Aeaaeaia,
Oi?n, Aiein – Aaean, No?eaia, Iieio, Neia?ae ni?eeiathoueny ye ci?noiaii
oa ?noi?e/ii ??ciiiai?oi? aeyaeaiiy ?aeeiiai aiaa Anaaeoiueiai, aia?oa
c’yaeaiiai o ?ae?a?ei?e noeo?? yce/ieoeoaa o oi?i? Aaeeeiai O?eaeaaa.

Oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy no?aeieo neia’yi caaaeii ? ?one/?a cie?aia
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiaea?ei?noth ci?noo ia?ac?a aia?a; ia?aianaiiyi
iciae iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia i?e?iaei? ? nioe?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ya? (
caiiiai na?oo ); aaniethoecaoe?? aieeao ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia
ethaeeio; iii?oiith aio?iiiii?o?caoe??th ia?ac?a aia?a; ?o no?ieaoith
iie?ooieoe?iiaeuei?noth.

7. A oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiiyo aeaai?o oe?a?ioe?a c’yaeythoueny ia eeoa
iciaee oai?eeueiino?, aea e ci?noiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeai?o?a?/ii?
ooieoe?iiaeueiino?, i?eoaiaiii? “iaaaniei“ aiaai ?iaeo, Naa?iao, Ia?oio,
Aeaaeaiao. I?e oeueiio, ia?ac ?iaea cao?eniaaiee a aeaiii?noe/i?e
?ae?a?eiino?, a nai?e oai?eeuei?e ?iinoan? ia?ai?nny a noeo?th
oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue. A o?i aeai?o?a?/i? iciaee cacia/aieo yce/ieoeueeeo
aia?a ne?ae ni?eeiaoe ye oai?eeuei?noue ???a?o?/ii ieae/iai ii?yaeeo.
Aaeaeaaoia ye aeey yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino? aeiiaiaiiy oai?eeueiino?
iia’ycaia c iniaith Anaaeoiueiai, ??ciiiai?oieie ?iaiaie yeiai
iinoathoue ?icaeyaeoaai? iaie aiae.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oai?aoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui io?eiai?
aaoi?ii ?acoeueoaoe iaaeathoue iiaeeea?noue a?aeoai?eoe neeaaei? oa
noia?a/eea? i?ioeane oi?ioaaiiy ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai o no?aeieo
neia’yi, “e?oiienieo ieaiai” oa ?on?a. Iiae?aia a?aeoai?aiiy
aeooae?co?oueny eeoa ia iniia? aiae?oe/iiai aa/aiiy i?iaeaie
yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino?.

E??i oiai, ?aae?ciaai? aaoi?ii iiaeeeaino? ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co
aeathoue ciiao cai?iiiioaaoe aoaeoeaio iaoiaeieia?th aeey iiaeaeueoeo
iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeue-yeeo ?ae?a?eieo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue.

Iaea?aeai? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiae ? iaaiei
aianeii a iiaeieaiiy iaaaoea?nonueei? oaiaeaioe?? a ieoaii? aena?oeaiiy
aeio?enoeyinueeeo a??oaaiue ethaeiino? ?on?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?? aeniiaee oa
iaoa??aee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a c
?ae?a??ciaanoaa, niaoeeo?n?a c ?noi??? ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?, niaoeeo?no
“Aeio?enoeyinuee? a??oaaiiy a Oe?a?i?”, a i?eiaa?aeii e i?e aeeeaaeaii?
eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo aeenoeeie?i.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy:

Aieiai? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?? aoee aena?oeai? aaoi?ii o aeiiia?aeyo oa
iia?aeiieaiiyo ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Anaoe?a?inueea i?aeia?iaeia
O?enoeyinueea anaiaeay” ( Ee?a, 17-18 ethoiai 1998 ?.), o VIII
I?aeia?iaeiiio e?oaeiio noie? “?noi??y ?ae?a?? a Oe?a?i?” ( Euea?a 11-13
o?aaiy 1998 ?.).

Oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeena?oaioii a
oiae? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, cie?aia i?e i?iaaaeaii? nai?ia??a c eo?no ?ae?a??ciaanoaa c
oaie: “Ii/aoee oa ?aii? oi?ie ?ae?a??”, “Iniiaiee ci?no o?enoeyinueeiai
a??ia/aiiy oa eoeueoo”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a 6 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a
cie?aia a 4 aeae?oeiaaieo noaooyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao ? a 2 oacao
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? coiiaeaia eia?eith aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeieeaa? c
iaoe oa iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue, iaiao?aeieo aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe.
A no?oeoo?iiio a?aeiioaii? aeena?oaoe?y a?aeiia?aeii neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ii aeaa ia?aa?aoe a eiaeiiio, aeniiae?a ?
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny iaeyae aeine?aeieoeueei? e?oa?aoo?e c
ieoaiue, ?noi??inio?? aeaaiueioe?a?inueeeo a??oaaiue.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iiiio?oueny ?noi??inionueea aa/aiiy i?iaeaie
oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai, yea iaiiaeeeaa aac c’ynoaaiiy iiiyooy noa’?eoa
oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia oa i?aaeiaoiiai iiey aiae?co oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia. Aeyaeythoueny oaeiae iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oa e?eoa???
cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A na?oe? c’yniaaieo niene?a iniiaiiieiaeieo iiiyoue oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo
ia?aaeoiia o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeieeaaeii ?icai?oathoueny ci?no oa
oi?ie ?noi?e/ii ia?oeo aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue no?aeieo neia’yi oa
“e?oiienieo ieaiai”.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeyaeaiith ci?noo oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue
aeaaiuei?onueei? ethaeiino?, ui aeieeee ia iniia? aeaiii?noe/ieo
ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai, a oaeiae c’ynoaaiith ?o iie?ooieoe?iiaeueiino?
c aeoeaioaoe??th ia aeai?o?a?/iino?.

Aeniiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noyoue ocaaaeueithth/? iieiaeaiiy, ui
aeieeaathoue c ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co aeaiii?noe/ieo oa oa?noe/ieo
oyaeaiue neia’yinueeiai ianaeaiiy oa?eoi??? Aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iiaeathoueny iiyniaiiy uiaei ia?aii? aaoi?ii oaie
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, aecia/athoueny eiai iaoa oa iniiai?
caaaeaiiy, ui aeieeaathoue c iinoaaeaii? iaoe, i?iiiiothoueny
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee, ca?aeii c yeeie i?iaiaeeoueny iaoeiaee
iiooe, iicia/athoueny iaeaaaeeea?o? ia?oiaeaea?aea oa noenei
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeaea?aea ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co, ?ice?eaa?oueny
iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iiaeathoueny oi?ie ai?iaaoe?? oa iia?aeiieaiiy
i?i ioae?eaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae aeaea?ae oa
ioae?eaoe?e c ieoaiue ?noi??inio?? aeaaiueioe?a?inueeeo a??oaaiue”
ie?aneththoueny iniiai? aoaie ?icaeoeo aeine?aeieoeueei? aeoiee c
ia?aii? oaie. C iaeiiai aieo, iiaea?oueny oa?aoa?enoeea aeaea?ae yeeie
aeey ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue o.ca. “iieueia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy” ?ae?a?eiino? – aoiia?ao?/i?, oieueeei?enoe/i?,
a?oaieia?/i?, eiie?aoii-nioe?ieia?/i?, e?iaa?noe/i?. C ?ioiai,
?icaeyaeathoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy ye? aiaeii/an ?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iei cia?yaeaeyi oaeiai aiae?co. Oiaoi,
aiae?cothoueny o?einionuee? ioae?eaoe??, a yeeo aena?oeththoueny ieoaiiy
nooiino? a??e a iaaei?e?iaeia a ?noi?e/ieo oeiao ?ae?a?e oa o a??oaaiiyo
eiie?aoieo aoiin?a.

?ae?a??ciaa/a oe?ii?noue “iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue” ?ae?a?eiino?
iieyaaea, ia?aaeon?i, o cai?? iaoa??aeo, iienia? oa iiia?aaeiueiio
ii?aoethaaii? c?a?aiiai, — ae?iaeaii? i?oieiaai oiui. An? oe?
aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeaoue oaeoieia?/iith aacith aeey ?noi??inionueeiai
inieneaiiy oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai. C iaeyaeo ia iayai?noue aeaiaio?a
naia ?noi??inionueeiai i?aeoiaeo aaoi?ii aiae?cothoueny aoiia?ao?/i?
?ica?aeee O.?eeuenueeiai, ?ae?a??ciaa/? ca ci?noii i?aoe? I.Einoiia?iaa,
?.Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai, ?.Ia??iea, ooiaeaiaioaeuei? ?noi?e/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy A.?eaaeiaa.

O cacia/aieo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?ii iniaeeai aeae?eythoueny ie?aei? aeey
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: ?aeay ?.Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai i?i
iayai?noue aeaio “iiaa?o?a” iaaei?e?aeiiai, ni?iae iia’ycaoe ci?no ?
oi?ie ?ae?a?eiino? c aooo?a?noth ia?iaeiiai aeeooy o aeeeaae?
?.Ia/oy-Eaaeoeueeiai oa ?.Ia??iea, ia?aaeeaia ?icoi?iiy caiiiai ia’?eoa
?ae?a?eieo oyaeaiue ia eeoa ye noeo?eii? i?aaeiaoiino?, a e ye
naiiaecia/aiino? iniae o ?.Ia??iea, nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae o aeyaeaii?
aaiaoe/iino? no?aeiineia’yinueeeo a??oaaiue (iniaeeai o aena?oeaii?
A.?eaaeiaa).

C i?aoeue caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii? i???ioaoe?? aaoi?ii aiae?cothoueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a yeeo ciaoiaeyoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ia?aaaaeii
o?einionueeee aiae?c oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii?
?icaeyaea?oueny, ianaiia?aae, iiiia?ao?y I.Iiiiae/a “Na?oiaeyae aeaai?o
neia’yi” yea i?eaaaeth? iiaeaiith a i?e oe?ieith iaii?aiith nooi?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeio?enoeyinueeeo no?aeiineiayinueeeo a??oaaiue;
eieaeoeaia iiiia?ao?y “?ae?a??ciaanoai: i?aaeiao no?oeoo?a,
iaoiaeieia?y”, i?aeaioiaeaia iaoeiaoeyie a?aeae?eaiiy ?ae?a??ciaanoaa
?inoeoooo o?einio?? IAI Oe?a?ie o ye?e oaiiiai iaaei?e?iaeiiai
aena?oeth?oueny ia eeoa o o?einionueeiio oa nooi ?ae?a??ciaa/iio
aniaeoao, aea e o eiioaeno? ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co ?ae?a?eieo
ia?ac?a, ca’yce?a oa a?aeiioaiue; oaiaoe/ii aeecuee? aei caaaeaiue
iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ioae?eaoe?? A.Eiaiaeea a yeeo c’yniaothoueny
?noi?e/i? oeie iaaei?e?iaeiiai oa ci?no aeaiii?noe/ieo oa iie?oa?noe/ieo
oyaeaiue ?ai?acaioiaaiee ?ae?a?eieie ia?acaie aeaai?o oe?a?ioe?a oa
i?aneia’yi.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “Oaiiiai iaaei?e?iaeiiai a
?noi??inionueeiio aniaeo? nii/aoeo c’yniao?oueny iiiyo?eiee noaoon
noa’?eoa oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia oa a?aeiia?aeia ?i i?aaeiaoia iiea.
Aena?oeaiith oeeo ieoaiue i?enay/aiee ia?oee ia?aa?ao ?icae?eo.
Noa’?eoii, oiaoi oai?oeai ? iin??i ?ae?a?eiino? acaaae? oa oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia cie?aia, ne?ae aaaaeaoe eeoa noni?eueii-?noi?e/io
oe?e?ni?noue – ieai’y, ia?iae, iaoe?th. I?e oeueiio i?iaeaia aeyaeaiiy
noa’?eoa ?ae?a?eiino? i?aai?/ii ii?aeio?oueny c i?iaeaiith i?aaeiaoiiai
iiey aiae?co iaaei?e?iaeiiai. I?aaeiaoiei iieai ?noi??inionueeiai
aiae?co iaaei?e?iaeiiai ? nooi?ni? aei??e ci?noo ? oi?i oeo a??oaaiue,
yeeie aeeaooue ni?eueiioe a eiie?aoieo, ?noi?e/ii ci?ithaaieo oiiaao.

A eiioaeno? aeyaeaiiy oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia o a??oaaiiyo aoiin?a
aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie ?noi?e/ii ia?oei, /?oei ae?aaeaiei i?aaeiaoiei iieai ?
aeaiii?noe/i? a??oaaiiy c a?eueo a?oa?/ieie aeaiaioaie
“/ooo?ai-iaae/ooo?aiai” oeio oi?ioaaiiy ?ae?a?eiino?. Noa’?eoii oeeo
a??oaaiue aoee i?aneia’yie, ui aeeoee c ?iaei?a?iiaenueeiai ianeao ?
?icnaeeeenue a iniiaiiio o noaiia?e oa e?ninoaiia?e nioaao
oa?eoi??aeueiiai i?inoi?o i?ae Aei?i?ii ? Ea?iaoaie. O /aniaiio aei???
i?aaeiaoia iiea aiae?co aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue ioiieth? ia??iae a?ae
ii/aoeo iacie?oo aei /an?a i?ae?-a?iice (O oen. – II-? oen. aei i.a.).

?noi?e/ii ae?oaa, /?oei ae?aaeaia i?aaeiaoia iiea aiae?co
aeio?enoeyinueeeo a??oaaiue iaiiaiaia aaea iie?oa?noe/ieie (a nooiino?
nai?e oa?noe/ieie) oyaeaiiyie i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo iiaeia aiai?eoe
ii/eiath/e c iaae? a?, oi/a ei??iiyie nai?ie aiie nyaathoue a?eueo
?aii?o /an?a. Noa’?eoii oeeo oyaeaiue aoee no?aei? neia’yie ye? oaea a
II no. aei i.a. – V no. i.a. –canaeyee oa?eoi??? a?eueoi? /anoeie
Oe?a?ie. A aoiiaaiiiio a?aeiioaii? eaeaoueny i?i o. ca. “e?oiieni?
ieaiaia” (aio?a, aaiaae?a, iieyi, n?aa?yi, oee/?a, ae?aaeyi, aieeiyi,
aoaeai, aeoe?a?a) e caiaeii ?on?a, oi?ioaaiiy yeeo a?aeaoaaeinue a
iaae?ao i?aneia’yinueei? ni?eueiioe. O /aniaiio aei??? i?aaeiaoia iiea
aiae?co oa?noe/ieo aeio?enoeyinueeeo a??oaaiue no?aeiineia’yinueei?
ethaeiino? ioiieth? oaanue ia??iae ? oen. i.a., ui, a nioe?iaaiiiio
a?aeiioaii? a?aeiia?aea? i?ioeano ?iceeaaeo ia?a?niiai noni?euenoaa e
ca?iaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo ?aiiueioaiaeaeueieo a?aeiinei. I?e oeueiio
oi?ioaaiiy a??e a aia?a o no?aeieo neia’yi caii/aoeiaothoueny ua a
oiiaao aeaiii?noe/ii? ?ae?a?eiino?. C ?ioiai aieo, aeio?enoeyinuee?
oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy i?i iaaei?e?iaeia ia cieeathoue iiai?noth c
i?eeiyooyi iiai? a??e – aiie aeeaooue ii?o/ c iath ? a i?e, aeeeeeath/e
neeaaei? eie?c?? aca?iiaieea?a iie?oa?noe/ieo ? iiiioa?noe/ieo
??ciiaeae?a ?ae?a?eieo a??oaaiue.

?noi??inionueeee aiae?c oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?aeia i?aneia’yi,
“e?oiienieo ieaiai” e c?aooith ?on?a iaiiaeeeai i?iaanoe aac aecia/aiiy
i?eioeei?a, oeyo?a oa ia?aaeeai iiae?aiiai aiae?co, ui e i?iiiio?oueny
aaoi?ii o ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao?.

Caaaeueiicia/oueie i?ioeeiaie ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co ne?ae aeciaoe:
1) i?eioeei oi?iaoe?eiino?; 2) i?eioeei aooo?aino?; 3) i?eioeei
naiiaecia/aiiino?. A na?oe? oi?iaoe?eiiai i?aeoiaeo ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co
/eneaiieo iai’yoie aeio?enoeyinueei? aeiae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i
iayai?noue ?noi?e/ii noi?iiaaieo nii/aoeo aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue (a??o
a aeoo?a), ui c’yaeeenue ia a?oio? ?aii?o ?ae?a?eieo a??oaaiue ?
eoeueo?a, a iio?i ? oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue (oiaoi a??e a aia?a).
Aeio?eioaaiiy i?eioeeio aooo?aino? iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ie?aneeoe
iniaeeaino? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aeaaiueineia’yinuee?e ?ae?a?eiino? ?en nooi
noni?eueiiai, iiaooiaiai, cae/a?aiai oa?aeoa?o e iaa?oue aeyaeoe
?noi?e/i? iaoa?oaaiiy a ci?no? iaea?eueo cia/eieo ia?ac?a (iai?eeeaae
?iae ye aeoo ? ye aiaeanoai). Canoinoaaiiy i?eioeeio naiiaecia/aiino?
nooo?ai iiaeeaeth? aiae?oe/i? iiaeeeaino? o aeyaeaii? ci?noo ?ae?a?eieo
oaiiiai?a iaiiaae cna?aaeeie – c oi/ee ci?o ?o no?oeoo?e, ?iaiaioieo
aca?iica’yce?a, aca?iiaieea?a, aecia/aiiy oaiaeaioe?e oa caeiiii??iinoae
?icaeoeo aeanii? i?e?iaee.

A eiioaeno? ?ae?a?eieo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue aeaai?o neia’yi oe?eeii
iiaeeeaei aeaea?oueny canoinoaaiiy e aeayeeo niaoeeo?/ieo i?eioeei?a.
Cie?aia, ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe o ci?no? ?ae?a?eieo oyaeaiue i?aneia’yi oa
no?aeieo neia’yi ie??i aaoiooiiiiai ua e caiice/aia, anei?eueiaaia a?ae
?ioeo aoiieiioan?eieo aieea?a (eaeaoueny i?i i?eioeei ii?aeiaiiy
aaoiooiiiiai e anei?eueiaaiiai) oa caaaeaoe ia iia’ycai?noue oyaeaiue
i?i iaaei?e?iaeia c iniaeeainoyie iaioae?oaoo aoiinoa’?eoa oa eiai
eoeueoo?iith o?aaeeoe??th.

Caaaeueiicia/ou? oa niaoeeo?/i? i?eioeeie ii?aeiothoueny c ianeaii
oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo /a?ac iiina?aaeeiaai?noue e?eoa???a inieneaiiy, a
iaoiio aeiaaeeo, ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai. Oaeeie e?eoa??yie ne?ae
aeciaoe: 1) oa?aeoa? ca’yceo iaaei?e?iaeiiai c i?e?iaeiei; 2) niin?a
eiai oiniaeaiiy; 3) noa?o aieeao iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia aeiae?eey; 4)
ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? “?noi??inio?y aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue
i?aneia’yi oa “e?oiienieo ieaiai”, aaoi? aena?oeth?, ianaiia?aae ieoaiiy
i?i iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaiii?noe/ieo ia?ac?a a eiioaeno?
ia?a?niiai na?oi?icoi?iiy. C’ynoaaiith oeueiai ieoaiiy i?enay/aiee
ia?oee ia?aa?ao ?icae?eo. Aeo?aeiei iieiaeaiiyi neoaeeoue oaca i?i
iiae?ai?noue a oe?eiio i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? ia?a?nieo ethaeae ?
iaoeo no/aniee?a. A?aeoae, i?ioeane ?o ieneaiiy a?ae??ciyeenue eeoa
niiniaaie ocaaaeueiaiiy oa iaai?ii iaea?eueo caaaeueieo iiiyoue.

Caaaeeii i?e oeueiio ia aeaye? iniaeeaino? ia?a?niiai na?oini?eeiyooy.
Aei ieo iaeaaeeoue, ianaiia?aae, o?aaeeoe?ei?noue ia?ac?a
iaaei?e?iaeiiai ?, ye iane?aeie, ia?aaea/a ?o oei iieie?iiyi, a aooo?aeo
oiiaao yeeo oaea ia i?iaeoeoaaeenue, a eeoa a?aeoai?thaaeenue oe?
ia?ace. Ca?aene, aeaiii?noe/i? oyaeaiiy oa?a?aee a naaa iaai? ?ene
“/ooo?ai-iaae/ooo?aeo” ia?ac?a c iaeiiai aieo, c ?ioiai, — i?iieeee a
oa?noe/i? a??oaaiiy, caciaaoe cae/aeii ?oi?o aieea?a. Ii-ae?oaa,
a?aecia/eii na?oiaeyaeio “?icieo?noue” iaae i?ae aeaai?ie ia?acaie
iaaei?e?iaeiiai e ?aaeueieie ?a/aie, c /ei iia’ycaia aoei ia?aianaiiy
niene?a ia?ac?a ia ?io? “cia/aiiy” – o oi?i? oyaeaiiy i?i anaeyiiy
aeoo?a (aeaiii?a) o ?ineeie, aiaee, ica?a, eieiaeyc? ? o.i. C?aooith,
a?aecia/eii ? neie?aoeci ia?a?niiai na?oi?icoi?iiy, oiaoi
ia?icaeioo?noue, ia?ic/eaiiaai?noue ni?eeiyooy oe?eiai, c iaeiiai aieo,
c ?ioiai – neie?aoeci a cia/aii? ?aeiino? ieai?a i?e?iaeiiai ?
iaaei?e?iaeiiai a na?aeiiino?, iaa?/iiai ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai a i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino?.

A iiaeaeueoiio, a ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ?icae?eo ?ice?eaathoueny nooi?ni?
?ene oa oi?ie aeaiii?noe/ieo ia?ac?a. A no?oeoo?iiio a?aeiioaii?
aeaiii?noe/i? oyaeaiiy aeeth/athoue a naaa ia ?aii?e noaae?? a??oaaiiy a
aeoo?a (ceeo oa aeia?eo), ia i?ci?e – a??oaaiiy ia?aaaaeii a ?iaeaieoeue
oa ?iaea. A?aeiia?aeii, nii/aoeo i?iiiio?oueny iien ?c c’ynoaaiiyi
nooi?nieo ?en ia?ac?a “ia/enoi? neee” – oie??a, aiaeoeae?a, ?onaeie,
a?aeueii oa /i?o?a oa ia?ac?a iie?ii?oieo aeia?eo aeoo?a, iia’ycaieo
caeaa?eueoiai c eoeueoii iiia?eeo i?aaee?a – aa?aaeiue, aeiiiaee?a,
e?niaee?a, iieueiaee?a, aaiiee?a. A ci?noiaiiio a?aeiioaii? ieae/?
aeaiii?noe/i? ia?ace oa?aeoa?ecothoueny: iiaea?ei?noth oi?i (ia?aaaaeii
oea ciiii?oi? ?noioe c aeaiaioaie aio?iiiii?o?cio, oi/a e o?aiey?oueny
iaaiaee); iaiaaeai?noth nai?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae
(aeaiii?noe/i? ia?ace iinoathoue ?icii?yaeieeaie ??cieo noa?, aiie
i?oaeothoue oei, ui ? aaea noai?aiei) oa aocueeith noa?ith ?o ae?? ia
aeiae?eey.

A?eueo i?ci?e, aeaiii?noe/iee oei oyaeaiue, iia’ycaiee c
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo aa?a?ieo oa ano?aeueieo ia?ac?a
iaaei?e?iaeiiai eia?/ii c’yaey?oueny ia i?aea?oioo? iiia?aaeiueiai, —
oiniaeaiiy aeoo?a. C iii?ae oeeo ia?ac?a ?icaeyaeathoueny ?iaeaieoe? ?
?iae, Eaaea (Eaaei), Ainiiaea?, Niioea, I?nyoeue. Aeey an?o oeeo aeueo
aeaiii?noe/ieo ia?ac?a a eiioaeno? yce/ieoeueeiai na?oini?eeiyooy
oa?aeoa?ieie ? aaea oyae?iiy aei aio?iiiii?o?caoe??; aiie yaeythoue
niaith aaea oiniaeaiiy ia eeoa i?e?iaeieo, aea e nioe?aeueieo yaeu
(iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y iniaeeai /?oei aeyaey?oueny a ia?ac? aiaeanoaa
?iaea); cia/ia ?icoe?aiiy noa?e ?o aieeao ia aeiae?eey; ooieoe?iiaeueia
iaiaaeai?noue ?aieaie i?oaeiino? (eeoa o ?iaea c’yaey?oueny ca?iaeeiaa
aeai?o?a?/i?noue). E??i oiai, ia ??ai? aeuiai “iiaa?oo” aeaiii?noe/ieo
oyaeaiue cae?enith?oueny neiaie?caoe?y ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai ?, ye
iane?aeie oeueiai, — aeieeathoue i?oieiaaie.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “?noi??inio?y oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue
aeaaiuei?onueei? “ethaeiino?” i?noeoue aiae?c ci?noo, oi?i oa
ooieoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae oa?noe/ieo ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai.
Cie?aia, o ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? ?ice?eaa?oueny oiniaethaaeueiee ci?no
ia?niiaae?a oa?noe/iiai oeio oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia. Ci?noiaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea oa?noe/ieo ia?ac?a ?icii/eia?oueny c ae?ae iacae/iiai, ia
ia?oee iiaeyae, aeey yce/ieoeueeiai na?oini?eeiyooy ona?aeiieaiiy
eiioeaioo o?e?aeiino?, o?enooiino?, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeiia?aeia
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a oyaeaii? i?i O?eaeaa ye nai???aeia a?aeoai?aiiy
o?enoaae?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy na?oo c iaeiiai aieo, c ?ioiai – ye
oiniaeaiiy o?ueio eaiie ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai oeeeeo
no?aeiineia’yinueei? ni?eueiioe (eaeaoueny i?i aanio, e?oi e ceio).

O?e/eaiia eiioeaioe?y yce/ieoeueeiai na?oini?eeiyooy ? aecia/aeueiei
/eiieeii aeey ?aeiino?oeoe?? aaoi?ii oyaeaiue i?i ???a?o?/i?noue
aeaaiueineia’yinueeeo aia?a. A?aeoae, ?iinoanyie O?eaeaaa ? Naa?ia,
Ia?oi ? Nayoia?o. An? aiie iinoathoue aieiaea?yie iaaanii? noa?e (aeuiai
na?oo), na?e aieea iioe?ththoue ia an? yaeua i?e?iaee ? noni?euei?
aooo?a? oi?ie, ii?eiaothoue ai?inoai ? ? iie?iaeoaeyie iaaieo aeae?a
ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? yce/iee?a. Cie?aia, Naa?ia o yce/ieoeueeiio
na?oini?eeiyoo?, ca?aeii c? na?ae/aiiyie “Aaean-eieae” ? “Eieae Eieyaee”
iinoa? ye uiiaeaeua ?noioa, ye iaaaniee aia – Ae?ae aia?a, aaoueei
na?oea e aieiaia, — ye aeaea?aei Aaeeeiai ?iaeo. E??i oiai, Naa?ia
oiiae?aethaaany aiao aiaiy e aenooiaa o na?oiaeyae? aeaai?o neia’yi ye
iiaeaaa/ eoeueoo?ieo aeaa (iaa/ea ethaeae eiaaeuenuee?e ni?aa?,
?aianeai, ieoaeiiio caiea?ianoao) oa ye iiaeaaa/ caeii?a (o.ca. “caeiie
Naa?iaa” noinoaaeenue iaa?oue anoaiiaeaiiy a noni?euenoa? iiiiaaiii?
n?i’?).

A?iiiaa?aeaoeue Ia?oi ni?eeiaany yce/ieeaie ye ioi?iiaoeue iaaaniiai
na?oo e, a?aeiia?aeii, oeyoii ia?aianaiiy iiae?aiiai nieneo ia na?o
caiiee – caoenieeii ethaeae (aia-ai?oaeue, aia-aoe?), iie?iaeoaeai
ai?i?a, eeyoaioo?eioaa/ai. O yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? iiaeia
a?aeiaeoe ? “a?ia?io iiiceoe?th” Ia?oia yeith ? i?aaenoaaiee ieaeiueiai,
i?aecaiiiai oea?noaa – oiniaeaiiy a?oai? oa iaeiio?ieueiaaii? neee A?e.
Nayoia?o oaioaaany neia’yiaie ye aia na?oea, e ioaea, aeaiiei na?oeii
iieeeeaiee aoa caaacia/oaaoe ?nioaaiiy aeaeeiiai na?oo, iaa??aath/e eiai
a?ae i?oueie. E??i oiai, ca?aeii c yce/ieoeueeeie oyaeaiiyie, naia
Nayoia?o oo?eioaaa na?o – A?nue Noiaea?, e ca?nii, ui ii?eoaaa ai?inoai.

Aeaaeaia – aia niioey ? niiy/iiai na?oea ni?eeiaany neia’yiaie ye
iie?iaeoaeue ?iaeth/ino?, e a?aeiia?aeii, ii?eoaa/ai i?a/?a oa n?y/?a.
Ii i??? c?inoaiiy cia/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa a ainiiaea?nueeiio aeeoo? iaoeo
i?auo??a iaaoaa? cia/eiino? ? eoeueo Aeaaeaiaa. Iinooiiai ?c
ooieoe?iiaeueii iaiaaeaiiai aiaa aeaiiiai na?oeea a?i o?ainoi?io?oueny o
iiaeaaa/a aoaeue-yeeo aeaa o noni?euenoa?. E??i oiai, yce/ieee
i?eienoaaee Aeaaeaiao caaacia/aiiy i?aaiii?yaeeo.

Niey?iei aiaii iinoa? o yce/ieoeueeiio na?oiaeyae? e Oi?n, uii?aaaea
eiai oiniaethaaeueiee ci?no iaiaaeoaaany noa?ith aeaiiiai na?oea, yea
aeaai?ie neia’yiaie ia ni?eeiaeinue ye ?acoeueoao niiy/iiai
aei?ii?iaiiy. Ca?aene, iiiyooy aeaiiiai na?oea ona?aeiiethaaeinue ieie
ye aeiiiaiaiiy /e iaa?oue aeiiaiaiiy na?oea niiy/iiai. Oiio
ooieoe?iiaeueii Oi?n caaacia/oaaa cia/ei?noue Aeaaeueaiaa, eiai
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? aoee iaiao?aeieie i?aenoaaaie aeey
?icai?oaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iiaeeeainoae i?eienoaaieo neia’yiaie
Aeaaeaiao.

Aaean – neio?e aia o yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? iinoa?, ianaiia?aae
iie?iaeoaeai neioa?noaa, ioi?iioeai ooaeiae ?, ye iane?aeie, —
iie?iaeoaeai neioa??a. Caaaeeii i?e oeueiio ia nioe?iaaiaoe/io
aeaai?noue ia?aco Aaeana, ye oiniaeaiiy aeii?ioth/iai a na?e /an
neioa?nueeiai aeaeo ae?yeueiino? iaoeo i?auo??a. Naiaioeea neiaa “neio”
aea? aeinoaoi? aeey oeueiai i?aenoaae aaa/aoe a oiniaethaaeueiiio ci?no?
ia?aco Aaeana oaeiae aiaa aaaaonoaa. C ?ioiai aieo, oyaeaiiy i?i neio
aeeaiaeaeiei /eiii iia’ycoaaeinue o neia’yi c oyaeaiiyi i?i caa?iaiee
na?o ye ianiaenueei ia yeiio iaeei c aia?a aeiana? aeoo? iiia?eeo. A
ca’yceo c oeei o yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? aia Aaean iinoa?
?icii?yaeieeii ? iiaaeeoaeai iioiea?//y c iaeiiai aieo, c ?ioiai –
oiniaeaiiyi I?nyoey – oeueiai ia?aeiiiai i?eooeeo iiia?eeo aeoo.
A?aecia/a?oueny oaeiae eoeueoo?ioa??ia ooieoe?y Aaeana, e cie?aia eiai
ii?eoaaiiy iiac??, i?naiii? oai?/ino?. C /anii, ii i??? iineeaiiy ?ie?
caiea?ianoaa a ainiiaea?nueeiio aeeoo? neia’yi “neio?e aia” iaaoaa? e
caiea?ianueeeo ooieoe?e, noa? aiaii ieoaaoa??a oa i?a/?a.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae Aaeana No?eaia aoa iaiaaeaiei o ooieoe?iiaeueiiio
a?aeiioaii?. O yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? a?i ye aia a?o??a a
iniiaiiio caaacia/oaaa aeeiiaiiy Ia?oiii ooieoe?? caoenieea iaaaniiai
na?oo, e a?aeiia?aeii (oeyoii nieneiaiai ia?aianaiiy) — na?oo — caiiiai.
A??ia?aeii oaeiae ui No?eaia oyaeyany e iie?iaeoaeai ai?i?a, uii?aaaea
eiai ii?eoinoai iioe?thaaeinue eeoa ia ii?nuee? i?inoi?e.

Ia?ac aiaei? Iaeio? ni?eeia?oueny ye eia?/ia caaa?oaiiy o?ainoi?iaoe??
noa?iaeaaiueiai eoeueoo “iaoa?? ne?i? caie?”. A?oa?/ieie aoee e oyaeaiiy
yce/iee?a i?i Iaeio ye i?i aiaeith aeie?, “uaneeaiai aea?aao”. sse
ae?ii/a aiaeanoai Iaeio aeciaaaeanue iie?iaeoaeueeith ae?ii/eo
?oeiae?eueieo ?ia?o e, ianaiia?aae, i?yae?iiy. Oe?eeii a??ia?aeiei ?
i?eiouaiiy ca?aeii c yeei Iaeio aaaaeaeanue yce/ieeaie oaeiae
iie?iaeoaeueeith oi?a?ae?.

C?aooith iaeic?icoi?eee oa noia?a/eeaee a ioe?ieao ia?ac aiaa Neia?aea.
A?i – ?aeeiee c iii?ae yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a, yeee a?aecia/aany nai?th
ciiii?oi?noth. Oiiae?aiaiiy Neia?aea aiaiyiiio aeoi?o, i/euathuiio
aiaith aea? i?aenoaae aaa/aoe a iueiio aiaa i?aecaiiiai oea?noaa, oiaoi
Iaa? ?, ye iane?aeie, — i?eiouaiiy i?i iueiai ye i?i caoenieea
i?aecaiiiai na?oo. C /anii ca Neia?aeii oo?eio?oueny aeiyoeiai aa?a?ia
ooieoe?y (aiaeanoai ?ineeiii? ieiaeth/ino?). Aea caoenieoeuee? iioeae
caa??aathoueny o aeaeici?iaiiio ia?ac? aiaa ye ioi?iioey iin?a?a. ? a
oeueiio a?aeiioaii? Neia?ae iinoa? ye oiniaeaiiy “aeia?a c eoeaeaie”.

A oe?eiio oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy no?aeieo neia’yi ? ?on?a
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iiaea?ei?noth ci?noo ia?ac?a aia?a o yeiio
ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy naiiona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith nai?? aooo?aino?
ia eeoa o i?e?iaeiiio aeiae?ee? aea e o nioe?oi?. A aiinaieia?/iiio
a?aeiioaii?, aeey oa?noe/iiai oeio oyaeaiue iieaciaei ? ia?aianaiiy
iciae iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia i?e?iaei? ? nioe?aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee caiiiai
na?oo. A?aeoae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i iayai?noue “/enoiai”
i?ciaaaeueiiai aeoo oyaeaiiy.

Oa?noe/i? oyaeaiiy o yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? o?enothoue oaeiae
aaniethoecaoe?th aieeao ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai ia ethaeeio oa ??
aeiae?eey. Oaeiae cacia/a?oueny aeiaie? iii?oia oaiaeaioe?y i???ioiaaia
ia aio?iiiii?o?caoe?th ia?ac?a aia?a o yce/ieoeuee?e na?aeiiino?
(aeiyoie – eeoa ia?ac Neia?aea).

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? ?icae?eo ?ice?eaa?oueny ?aeay aeai?o?a?cio ia
i?aenoaa? ci?noiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee oai?eeueieoeueei? ooieoe?iiaeueiino?,
i?eoaiaiii? yce/ieoeueeei aiaai. O yce/ieoeuee?e ?ae?a?eiino? iciaeaie
oai?eeueiino? iaae?eythoueny ia?aaaaeii o? aiae, ye? oiniaethaaee niaith
na?o iaaaniee aa?oi?e. A eiioaeno? aeaaiueineia’yinueeeo a??oaaiue oea
?iae, Naa?ia, Ia?oi, Aeaaeaia. C ieo ia?ac ?iaea aoa /e ia aeiyoeiaee,
yeee, aoaeo/e cao?eniaaiee a aeaiii?noe/i?e ?ae?a?eiino?, a nai?e
oai?eeuei?e ?iinoan? ia?ai?nny a noeo?th oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue. A naia, a
oyaeaiiyo yce/iee?a ?iae ii?iaeea ana, ui ioi/o? ian, — ana ii?iaeaeaia,
aiii – i?e ?iae?. A?aeiia?aeii, ii?iaeaeaia ?iaeii o?enoaaeinue
yce/ieeii o iaca? I?e?iaea.

Iciaeaie oai?eeueiino? iaae?eaiee o yce/ieoeueeiio na?oini?eeiyoo? e
iaaaniee aia Naa?ia. A?i – Oaanoe?, oiaoi oai?aoeue na?oo. A?i noai?ea
na?o, “caa?aaiea” eiai. A?aeoae, Naa?ia iinoa? ia/aeii, aeoieii anueiai
nouiiai. I?e oeueiio, ?aeiino?othth/e yce/ieoeuee? oyaeaiiy, — a?i
caaa?oo? na?oioai??iiy, ?icii/aoa ?iaeii. A /anoue aeyaeaii? Naa?iaii
oai?eeueieoeueei? caeaoino? iao? i?auo?e o?i/enoi nayoeoaaee ??caeai
Na?oo.

Ia?oi o na?oiaeyae? aeaai?o neia’yi oyaeyany aeeoo?aeaeiei aiaeanoaii,
oiaoi oei aiaii, yeee aeeaea caiiee na?o, i?eaiaeea eiai o ?oo. Aea
aeai?o?a?/i?noue Ia?oia aoea iaiaaeaiith. Ca?aeii c yce/ieoeueeeie
oyaeaiiyie cao?eniaaieie o “Aaean-eiec?” a?i na?o caiiee i?eaiaeea o ?oo
ia aac aeiiiiiae aaoueea Naa?iaa.

Iciaea oai?eeueiino? i?eienoaaeanue yce/ieeaie ? Aeaaeueaiao. Ca
i?oieia?/ieie eaaaiaeaie Aeaaeueaia ?acii c aiaeiath AEeaith a?ae?iaeeee
na?o caiiee i?ney Iioiio. A?aeoae Aeaaeueaia ia?aeia? oai?/? oai?eeuei?
iiaeeeaino? a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai aeai?o?aa – Naa?iaa.

Ao?i aeai?o?a?/i? ?ene cacia/aieo yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a ne?ae ni?eeiaoe
ye oai?eeuei?noue ???a?o?/ii ieae/iai ii?yaeeo. O aaaaoueio
yce/ieoeueeeo ia?oiaeaea?aeao caaaeo?oueny ?i’y Aeoiueiai, Anaaeoiueiai,
yeee nioai?ea /eneaii? na?oe ? a eiaeiiio c ieo ii?iaeea Naa?iaa. A
oaeiio ?ac? Naa?iai iinoa? ye oai?eeueia ?iinoanue Anaaeoiueiai, ye
aaeaeaaoia aeiiaiaiiy eiai aeai?o?a?/iino? o oeueiio caiiiio na?o?.
I?ney i?o?/iiai iioiio ?i’y Anaaeoiueiai noaei – Aeaaeueaia. Ca?aene,
oe?eeii a??ia?aeiei ? i?eiouaiiy i?i yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a ye iieniaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee /e yeinoae Anaaeoiueiai, — aaeaeaaoiiai aeiiaiaiiy
oai?eeueiino?. Ca?nii, ui iiae?aia oai?eeuei?noue iaiaaeaia ?aieaie
yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino?, e ioaea, iicaaaeaia iciae e?aaoe?ii?cio,
aeanoeaiai ?icaeiooei iiiioa?noe/iei ?ae?a?yi.

Aeai?o?a?/i?noue ? ao?eaooeaiith iciaeith naia oa?noe/ieo oyaeaiue. Aea
inoaii? ia aeieeathoue ye uinue aeuaia?aaoaath/a iaae na?oii
aeaiii?noe/ieo oyaeaiue; aiie i?aai?/ii aeeth/athoue a naaa aaaaonoai
oaiiiaio iaaei?e?iaeiiai ? ia ??ai? aeaiii?noe/iiio e, iaa?oue ia ??ai?
“/ooo?ai-iaae/oo?aiai” oei?a a??oaaiue. Oiio neooiei ? caa?iaiiy aei
aeeaeiieo nthaeao?a yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino?, a yeeo eaeaoueny i?i
aeaiaioe oai?eeueiino? acaaae?, o? aeaiaioe ye? aeeaiei /eiii
aeyaeythoueny o oa?noe/ieo ia?acao.

Iiae?ai? aeaiaioe o?aieythoueny o iioe?aieo ?iiaei?a?iiaenueeeo
einiieia?/ieo nthaeaoao i?i Cieioa yeoea, c yeiai aeieea? na?o ? ana
noai?aia; i?i na?oiaa aea?aai – neiaie ?aeiino? o?ueio na?o?a (o neia’yi
oaeei aea?aaii aoa ya?? /e aa?aa); i?i ii?aeiaiiy aiaee (ae?ii/i?
ianeaii? nooiino?) c aiaiai (/ieia?/i? aeoeaii? aia?a??). An? oe?
nthaeaoe a yeino? iaiao?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aoee oai?/i ia?a?iaeai? ia
oa?noe/iiio ??ai?, aiie aa?eoee ye aeiiiaiaiiy aei aeai?o?a?cio
yce/ieoeueeeo aia?a.

Cacaia/a?oueny oaeiae aeiaie? iii?oia oaiaeaioe?y a noaiiaeaii?
aeai?o?a?/ii? ooieoe?iiaeueiino?. Eaeaoueny i?i oa, ui Aeaiiie, oaii?
neee iaiaaaeenue iane?aeoaaoe oai?eeueiino? aia?a iaaanieo. Aea ?oiy
?i?oaoe?y aeyaeeanue eeoa aacaea?iei i?eneoaiaoaaiiyi Aiao e iaea
iaaaoeai? iane?aeee. Oiaoi a eiioaeno? yce/ieoeueeiai na?oini?eeiyooy
aeaiiie iani?iiiaei? ia ni?aaaei? aeai?o?a?/i? aeoe. Inoaii?
iia’ycothoueny eeoa c ia?acaie iaaanieo aia?a ? Anaaeoiueiai,
cao?eniaaieie ia ??ai? oa?noe/iiai oeio oyaeaiue.

O aeniiaeao iiaeathoueny ocaaaeueithth/? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeieeaathoue c
?icaeyaeo aaoi?ii yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino? a aniaeo? aeyaeaiiy a i?e
aeaiii?noe/ieo oa oa?noe/ieo ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai. A?aeoae ci?no
iniiaieo aoai?a a i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia aeyaey?oueny a na?oe? noeneeo iieniaeo oa aiae?oe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oi?i ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai c a?aooaaiiyi
noi?iaiaeaeoth/eo oeae i?ioean aoiioa??ieo, eoeueoo?iaaiieo oa
nioe?aeueieo /eiiee?a. I?eiaa?aeii aeae?eythoueny iniiai? iiiyooy,
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie ? e?eoa??? ca?aeii c yeeie i?iaiaeeoueny
cai?iiiiiaaiee o aeena?oaoe?? ?noi??inionueeee aiae?c oaiiiaio
iaaei?e?iaeiiai. I?e oeueiio aiae?oe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ice?eaathoueny o
oe?eeiaeo?e ocaiaeaeaiino? c e?eoa??yie inieneaiiy. Oaeiae
ie?aneththoueny ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee cacia/aii? a
aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeaiaoeee. Iniaeeai iaaieioo?oueny aaoi?ii
aeioe?euei?noue iiaeaeueoiai ?noi??inionueeiai aea/aiiy yce/ieoeueei?
?ae?a?eiino? aeaaiuei?onueei? ethaeiino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? aaoi?ii o ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Oaothoeia I.TH. “Neiai Nayoiai A?eai??y” ii/aoee ii??aiyeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei iaaei?e?iaeiiai // Oe?a?inueea ?ae?a?ciaanoai – 1997 ?. —
? 6 .- n. 40 – 43.

2. Oaothoeia I.TH. Iiia?aaeiee iiiioa?noe/iiai o?enoeyinoaa // A?/a. –
1998 ?. – ? 5 . – n . 157-159.

3. Oaothoeia I.TH. I?iaeaie ?noi??inionueeiai aiae?co ?ae?a?? // A?niee
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y: O?einio?y. Iie?oieia?y. Nioe?ieia?y.
Ineoieia?y. Aei. 30. –, — 1999. – n .47-50.

4. Oaothoeia I.TH. Ia?ac aiaa-a?iiiaa?aeoey Ia?oia a yce/ieoeueeiio
na?oiaeyae? Aeaaiuei? ?on?. // Oe?a?inueea ?ae?a??ciaanoai — 1999 ?. ?
10 . – n. 64 – 67.

5. Oaothoeia I.TH. Aeio?enoeyinuee? a??oaaiiy a ioe?ieao ee?anueeeo
eieaeiee?a // Caiia?aeue iiao aeath aai: etha?oue iaeei iaeiiai.
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue – Ee?a, 1998 ?. – N. 176-177.

6. Oaothoeia I.TH. No?aei? neia’yie oa i?aneia’yie ye noa’?eo
yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue // ?noi??y ?ae?a?e a Oe?a?i?. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue – Euea?a, 1998 ?. – N.277-278.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oaothoeia I.TH. ?noi??inionueeee aiae?c oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia o
a??oaaiiyo neia’yinueeiai ianaeaiiy aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.11 – ?ae?a??ciaanoai. – Ee?anueeee
oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, o?einionueeee oaeoeueoao. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?einionueeei aeine?aeaeaiiyi yce/ieoeueei? ?ae?a?eiino?
neia’yinueei? ethaeiino? aeaaiuei? Oe?a?ie a aniaeo? aeyaeaiiy a i?e
ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai.

A eiioaeno? aiae?oe/ieo iiaeeeainoae ?noi??inionueeiai i?aeoiaeo, eiai
i?eioeei?a oa e?eoa???a inieneaiiy aeine?aeaeo?oueny oaiiiai
iaaei?e?iaeiiai a eiai nooi?nieo ?enao oa ?noi?e/ieo oi?iao.
Aecia/athoueny noa’?eo oyaeaiue i?i iaaei?e?iaeia oa i?aaeiaoia iiea ?o
aiae?co. Aeae?eythoueny aeaiii?noe/iee oa oa?noe/iee ??ai? a i?ioean?
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icai?oaiiy yce/ieoeueeeo a??oaaiue oa oyaeaiue.
Aiae?cothoueny nooi?noue oa oi?ie aeaiii?noe/ieo ia?ac?a iaaei?e?iaeiiai
oa oiniaethaaeueiee ci?no ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? iiaeeeaino? eiai oa?noe/ieo
ia?ac?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaiiiai iaaei?e?iaeiiai, noa’?eo oyaeaiue i?i
iaaei?e?iaeia, yce/ieoeueea ?ae?a?ei?noue, aeaiii?noe/i? ia?ace
iaaei?e?iaeiiai, oa?noe/i? ia?ace iaaei?e?iaeiiai, oiniaethaaeueiee
ci?no ? ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue yce/ieoeueeeo aeoo?a ? aia?a, aeai?o?a?/ia
ooieoe?y aia?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oaothoeia I.TH. Enoi?einioneee aiaeec i?aaenoaaeaiee i
naa?ouanoanoaaiiii a aa?iaaieyo neaayineiai ianaeaiey ae?aaiae Oe?aeiu.
– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.11 – ?aeeaeaaaaeaiea. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao
eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, oeeinioneee oaeoeueoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony oeeinioneei enneaaeiaaieai ycu/aneie
?aeeaeiciinoe neaayineie iauiinoe ae?aaiae Oe?aeiu a aniaeoa auyaeaiey a
iae ia?acia naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai.

A eiioaenoa aiaeeoe/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae enoi?einioneiai iiaeoiaea, aai
iniiaiiieaaathueo i?eioeeiia e e?eoa?eaa iniuneaiey enneaaeoaony oaiiiai
naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai a aai nouiinoiuo /a?oao e enoi?e/aneeo oi?iao.
Ii?aaeaeyaony noauaeo, o.a. oai?aoe e iineoaeue i?aaenoaaeaiee i
naa?ouanoanoaaiiii e i?aaeiaoiia iiea eo aiaeeca. A i?eioeeieaeueiii
ioiioaiee i?aaeiaoiui iieai enoi?einioneiai aiaeeca naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai
yaeyaony nouiinoiia ecia?aiea niaea?aeaiey e oi?i oao aa?iaaiee,
eioi?uie aeeaoo yoiinu a eiie?aoiuo, enoi?e/anee eciaiythueony oneiaeyo.

A eiioaenoa auyaeaiey i?aaenoaaeaiee i naa?ouanoanaoaiiii a aa?iaaieyo
yoiinia ae?aaiae Oe?aeiu enoi?e/anee ia?aui i?aaeiaoiui iieai aiaeeca
neaaeoao i?eciaoue aeaiiienoe/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey n aieaa a?oae/iuie
yeaiaioaie /oanoaaiii-naa?o/oanoaaiiiai oeia oi?ie?iaaiey ?aeeaeiciinoe.
Noauaeoii yoeo aa?iaaiee yaeythony i?aneaayia. A no?oeoo?iii ioiioaiee
aeaiiienoe/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey niaea?aeao a naaa ia ?aiiae noaaeee
aa?iaaiey a aeia?uo e ceuo aeooia, ia iicaeiae – aa?iaaiey, naycaiiua
i?aeiouanoaaiii n eoeueoii ?iaeaieoe e ?iaea. A niaea?aeaoaeueiii
ioiioaiee aeaiiienoe/aneea i?aaenoaaeaiey oa?aeoa?iu: eaeaaeecaoeeae
niaea?aeaiey naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai oaioaceeiui i?aa?auaieai aai a
aeooiaioth nouiinoue; auoiaeii naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai ca i?aaeaeu
eiaeeaeaeoaeece?iaaiiuo naycae n i?aaeiaoiui ie?ii; ?anoe?aieai noa?u
aeaenoaey naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai; ia?aie/aiea eo ooieoeeiiaeueiinoe.

Enoi?e/anee aoi?ia, y?ei au?aaeaiiia i?aaeiaoiia iiea aiaeeca io?aaeaao
iaee/ea iieeoaenoe/aneeo (a nouiinoe – oaenoe/aneeo) i?aaenoaaeaiee.
Noauaeoii oaeiauo i?aaenoaaeaiee auee ainoi/iua neaayia, eiie?aoiaa
“eaoiieniua ieaiaia” e a aeaeueiaeoai ?onu.

Iieacaoaeai ooaa?aeaeaiey a ycu/aneii niciaiee oaenoe/aneeo ia?acia
naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai yaeyeanue aa?a ai iiiaeo aiaia, n i?aiaeaaeathuae
oaiaeaioeeae auaeaeaiey n?aaee ieo iaeiiai, aa?oiaiiai aiaa. A
niaea?aeaoaeueiii ioiioaiee oaenoe/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee ioiaoei:
aeaienoaaiiinoue niaea?aeaiey ia?acia aiaia o eioi?uo iaoiaeeo
io?aaeaiea naiiiniciaiea /aeiaaeii naiae auoeenoaaiiinoe ia oieueei a
i?e?iaea, ii e a nioeeoia; iaee/ea “/enoiai” ieeoeaoai?aiey ia?acia
naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai, aio?iiiii?oecaoeeth eo, ea?a?oecaoeeth aiaia,
aaniethoecaoeeth aeeyiey naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai ia /aeiaaea e aai
ie?oaeaiea, oi?ie?iaaiea aeaieo?ae/aneie ooieoeeiiaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaiiiai naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai, noauaeo i?aaenoaaeaiee i
naa?ouanoanoaaiiii, ycu/aneay ?aeeaeiciinoue, aeaiiienoe/aneea ia?acu
naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai, oaenoe/aneea ia?acu naa?ouanoanoaaiiiai,
ieeoeaoai?ythuea niaea?aeaiea e ooieoeeiiaeueiinoue ycu/aneeo aeooia e
aiaia, aeaieo?ae/aneay ooieoeey aiaia.

SUMMARY

Fatyushina N. The historiosophical analysis of ideas of the
supernatural in the beliefs of Slavonic peoples of ancient Ukraine. –
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Philosophy (speciality
is 09.00.11 – religious studies). The Kiyv Shevchenko University, the
philosophical department. Kiyv, 1999.

The dissertation is a philosophical investigation of the pagan
religiousness of Slavonic peoples of ancient Ukraine in aspect of
revealing the images of the supernatural in it.

The phenomenon of the supernatural in essential traits and historical
forms is investigated in the context of analytical possibilities of the
historiosophical point of view and its principles and criterions of
comprehension. The subject of ideas of the supernatural and the subject
field are defermined. The demonistic and theistic levels in the process
of formation and development of the pagan beliefs and ideas are
distinguished. The nature and forms of the demonistic images of the
supernatural, the personified matter and the functional of its theistic
images are analysed.

Key words: phenomenon of the supernatural, subject of ideas of the
supernatural, pagan religiousness, demonistic images of the
supernatural, theistic images of the supernatural, personified matter
and the functionality of pagan spirits and gods, demiurgical function of
gods.

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