16

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

AeIIAOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Oiiaiei ssia Aieiaeeie??aia

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 338.242+65.015.3

?IAANOEOe?EIEE IAIAAeAEIAIO:

IOe?IEA NOAEINO? AINIIAeA?*EO NENOAI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02 – I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Aeiiaoeuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Einoaiie ?ai? Aieiaeeie?iae/,

Aeiiaoeueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

canooiiee caa?aeoth/iai eaoaae?ith

caaaeueiiai oa aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iiaeueyiiae/ E?ae?y Ieaenaiae??aia,

Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

aeiiii?ee oa oi?a?ae?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith o?iain?a oa aaie?anueei?

ni?aae, aeaeai iae?eiai-o?iainiaiai oaeoeueoaoo

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

*eaeeeia Aaiiaae?e Aeieo?iae/,

Aeiiaoeueea oi?aiaaeueii-i?iieneiaa iaeaoa,

Ia?oee a?oea-i?aceaeaio

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e no?oeoo?ii-?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee

oa eai?oaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 12.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 11.051.01 a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 340015, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. *aethne?ioe?a, 198a, aoae. 214.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe oe?a?ie (340055, i.
Aeiiaoeuee, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 24).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 12 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Iaa/ei A. N.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Nai???aeiei aa?iiao?ii noaio ni?aa a
aeiiii?oe? e?a?ie ? neooaoe?y, ui neeaaea?oueny a ?iaanoeoe?eiiio
eiiieaen?. sseui ?iaanoeoe?eiee i?ioean iineaaeaiee, oea na?ae/eoue i?i
a?aenooi?noue eaoae?caoi?o no?oeoo?ii? ia?aaoaeiae ainiiaea?/iai
eiiieaeno e?a?ie oa ia?iuoaaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa. A oea, ye a?aeiii,
oyaia ca niaith aeiiii?/io noaaiaoe?th oa no?eio? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee.

Ca iayai?noth oaiaeaioe?? niaaeo ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? ia
aeiaiaeeoueny i/?eoaaoe aeiiii?/iiai i?aeeiio a Oe?a?i?. Oaiie cieaeaiiy
caaaeueieo ianya?a ?iaanoeoe?e a aeiiii?eo ca ?aooiie on?o aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy a 1996 ?. o aeaa ?ace ia?aaeueee oaiie
caaaeueiiaeiiii?/iiai iaae?iiy. A 1990-1997 ??. ianya ?iaanoeoe?e a
iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo nei?ioeany ia 78,5%.

A oiiaao, eiee ia eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy c a?o/eciyieo aeaea?ae na?eicii
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia aeiaiaeeoueny, ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? iiaee a a?ae?a?aoe
?ieue noeioeyoi?a aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. Iaeiae aiie iiee ia
ae??oothoue i?iaeai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie, ? cie?aia /a?ac oa, ui
?iicaii? ?iaanoi?e nai? iae?athoue noa?e ae?yeueiino?, ea?oth/enue a
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iieacieeaie ii?ie i?eaooeo ia aeeaaeaiee eai?oae.
Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaa ca?ac ?noioii ia aieeaa? ia oeae i?ioean.

Aeaeaei ia inoaiith ?ieue a?ae?a?a? a?aenooi?noue /?oei? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
iie?oeee ye ia aea?aeaaiiio ??ai?, oae ? ia ??ai? ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a, oiio
aeyaeaiiy oiia iioei?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo iioie?a, a oiio /ene?
?iicaiieo, oa caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?ic?iaee
? ?aae?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ia?ai c o?aooaaiiyi
a?ioiaeo iioie?a ia ??ciiiai?oieo ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ??aiyo
c’yaeythoueny aeooaeueieie iai?yieaie aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao
nueiaiaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeiai ?iaeo ne?ae aaaaeaoe aeooaeueieie ? c iaeyaeo ia
oa, ui coieiaiiy niaaeo oa aeo?ae c e?ece iiaeeea? o?eueee ca oiiae
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaie/iai eiiieaeno, ?icoe?aia
a?aeoai?aiiy yeiai caaacia/o?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei ca ?aooiie
iioei?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano.

Oi?ioaaiiy eiioeaioe?? iioeiaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo
?ano?n?a a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo iniia aeey iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co iai?yie?a aeei?enoaiiy
?iaanoeoe?e oa a?aooaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?aoeei??io?a
eai?oaeo. Oa?aeoa?enoeea iaea?aeoaa/a eai?oaeo aecia/a?oueny ia?aiao?aie
iae?i-, iaci- ? i?e?i??aiy, i?e oeueiio eiaeai ??aaiue noai?th? nai?
iniaeea? oiiae ooieoe?iioaaiiy noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino?. Aac
aiae?co oeeo iniaeeainoae iaiiaeeeai iioei?coaaoe ?iaanoeoe?eiee
i?ioean.

Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?ino?oiaio?a ? iaoiae?a ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee iiaea
aooe cae?eniaia ia i?aenoaa? eeaneo?eaoe?? ?aa?ii?a, aaeocae ?
i?aei?e?inoa ca e?eoa??yie ?o ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?. Iaeiei c
iniiaieo e?eoa???a i?eaaaeeaino? ? noae?noue, oiaoi iaae?ei?noue ia’?eoo
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, yea iiaeiia iaoe nenoaii? e?euee?nio ? ye?nio ioe?iee,
iaiao?aei? aeey i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue. Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe
ia? aacoaaoeny ia eiioeaioe?? iaiaaeaeiaioo a eiaei?e eaioe? ???a?o?/ii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy.

Oaeiai ?iaeo ioe?iee aaea iaiaeii?aciai cae?enithaaeenue i?e ?ic?iaoe?
?iaanoeoe?eii? no?aoaa?? ?. A. Aeaieii, E. O. Oaieinueeei, E. A.
E?aiiaiei, E.E. Eacaaiee, E. I. Iiaeueyiiae/, ?. O. Aaeaaaiiaei.
Iaeiae ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee ia ? nenoaiieie, ?ioaa?aeueieie, a oiio ia
caaacia/othoue aeiaaino?ieiai? noaeino? e?eoa??aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo. Oaeei
/eiii iaiao?aei? iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy a oeueiio iai?yieo. Oea
coiiaeei aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno iaoiaeee ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ?aoeei??io?a eai?oaeo ??ciiiai?oieo
?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ??ai?a aeiiii?ee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Aeiiaoeueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie, a /anoeiaino? c oaiith aeine?aeaeaiiy eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo “?eieiaa ?aaoethaaiiy oi?aae?iiy
aeiiii?eith Oe?a?ie” (?icae?e “?aa?iiaeueia i?eaaaeea?noue ?iaanoeoe?e”,
iiia? ?a?no?aoe?? A-98-41).

Iniiaia ?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a iiaeaii? noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai ye
iniiaiiai e?eoa??th ?o ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – ?ic?iaea
eiioeaioe?? iioeiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ia iniia?
caaaeueii-i?eionoeii? ?ioaa?aeueii? (nenoaiii?) ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii?
noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii? iaoe a i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaea/?:

i?iaaaeaiiy aiae?co noaio ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy a aeiiii?eo Oe?a?ie
c aeyaeaiiyi iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e ? no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae ?ici?uaiiy
?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a aaeocaaiio oa ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeoao;

iiaeeo?eoaaiiy iiaeae? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi a
Oe?a?i? c o?aooaaiiyi oiia ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?ooo eai?oaeo ia
??ciiiai?oieo ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ??aiyo;

?ic?iaea nenoaie e?eoa???a ioe?iee ?aoeei??ioa eai?oaeo eiaeiiai ??aiy
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie ye iniiae aecia/aiiy i??i?eoao?a ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeii?a nenoaiiiai aiae?co, iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy;

neioac ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio c oi/ee ci?o ?? aeiiii?/ii? noaeino? oa
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee eiai aecia/aiiy ia iniia? ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai
aiae?co oa iaoiae?a ?aiaiai? noaoenoeee;

aecia/aiiy i?aenoieiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?yeueiino? aaeocae
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, i?eionoeieo aeey anoaiiaeaiiy aaeocaaeo
i??i?eoao?a, iaoiaeii aiae?co ? neioaco;

cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee iaa?oioiaaii? ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino?
i?aei?e?inoaa ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/eo iaoiaeee aiae?co
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa oa c o?aooaaiiyi
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a;

ai?iaaoe?y iaoiaeee ioe?iee noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai i?e aecia/aii?
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?aeoeiao ?aa?ii?a oa ?ic?iaoe? eiiieaenieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano?.

??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ neeaei ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioeane
i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue c i?eaiaeo iioei?caoe?? ?ici?uaiiy
eai?oaeo a oiiaao iaiaaeaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a. Ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue aeiiii?/i? nenoaie iaci- ? i?e?i??aiae —
aaciina?aaei? aeeiiaaoe? ?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a a
Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano?.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ?
iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iniiai? eiioeaioe?? oai???
a?aeoai?aiiy, caeiie ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee ?eieiaiai oeio, i?aoe?
i?ia?aeieo o/aieo aeiiii?no?a c ieoaiue aeiiii?ee, ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?ioean?a, i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii, aeiiii?/iiai
aiae?co, ioe?iee ainiiaea?/eo nenoai oa oi?aae?iiy ieie.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei?
ioae?eaoe??, oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? ?ic?iaee c i?iaeaie, ui
?icaeyaea?oueny, io?oe?ei? aeai? Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo noaoenoeee oa
iaeaniiai oi?aae?iiy noaoenoeee.

A??ia?aei?noue ? iaa?oioiaai?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy oa io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a caaacia/oaaeeny aeei?enoaiiyi cania?a aiae?co ? neioaco,
eia?/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy, niinia?a nenoaiiiai ? oaoi?/iiai aiae?co,
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo i?aenoieiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?yeueiino?
noa’?eo?a ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano aacothoueny ia aeeiai?/iiio
i?aeoiae?. Aeey aeaaaeaiiy iieacieea ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio aeei?enoiao?oueny ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee
aiae?c, ?aiaiaa noaoenoeea ? eiao?oe??ioe ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? Ni??iaia ?
Eaiaeaeea. O iaoiaeeoe? ioe?iee o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa
canoiniaaiee aii??e/iee i?aeo?ae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. A ?aieao i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/ai iaea?aeaii oae? iia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

ni?i?eoiaaii iiaeeo?eiaaio o?ueio??aiaao iiaeaeue aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi a Oe?a?i?, yea ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy, niaoeeo?/iiai o?eueee aeey ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo,
oa iaa?oioiao? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae aei
?aa?ii?a c iiceoe?e ioe?iee noaeino? ?o ainiiaea?/eo nenoai;

cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaenio iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai
iaci??aiy, yea aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a ?aiaiaeo ei?aeyoe?e ?
caaaeyee oeueiio aea? iiaeeea?noue caiaeeoe ??cii??aei? ca nai?th
aeiiii?/iith nooi?noth iieacieee aei ?aeeiiai eiao?oe??ioo;

?ic?iaeaii aoaeiiio aeeiai?/io iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio, ui, aeoiaey/e c i?eioeei?a iaa?oioiaaii?
ni?yiiaaiino? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo, aeicaiey? ia?aeoe i?e aiae?c? ?
aecia/aii? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?aeoeiao ?aa?ii?a a?ae aenia?oieo ioe?iie aei
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo noaiaea?o?a;

aeaaaeaii eiao?oe??io i??i?eoao?a ?eieiaeo iai?yie?a ?iaanoeoe?e ca
aaeocyie iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, yeee ocaaaeueith? iniiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe aaeoc?: aeeiai?eo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, oaeaee?noue
iai?ioo eai?oaeo ? aoaeoeai?noue eiai aeeaaeaiiy;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino? i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia?
aeai?o eiao?oe??io?a c a?o/eciyii? oa i?aeia?iaeii? i?aeoeee, ye?
aaeaioiaai? aei nenoaie iaoe?iiaeueieo ?aooie?a Oe?a?ie, ui aeicaiey?
aecia/eoe ?iaanoeoe?eiee ?aeoeia i?aei?e?inoa.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue oa cia/ei?noue ?iaioe. Oai?aoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
?ice?eaathoueny iieiaeaiiyie eiai iaoeiai? iiaecie.

I?aeoe/ia i?eeiyoi?noue ni?iaeoiaaii? iiaeae? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy
?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi a Oe?a?i? i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ia iae?i- ?
iaci??aiyo, aea aiia aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ?ino?oiaioe ? iaoiaee
?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee oeaio?aeueieo oa i?noeaaeo aea?aeaaieo aeaae ?
cae?enithaaoe ia?ao?ae aei i?ia?aiieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy.

?ic?iaeaia aoaeiiia aeeiai?/ia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue noaeiai ?aaeeio
ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio eyaea a iniiao iiaoaeiae
?aeoeiaiai? ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie.
?acoeueoaoii ioe?iee ? a?oioaaiiy ?aa?ii?a ca?aeii c ?o ?iaanoeoe?eiith
i?eaaaeea?noth, yea iiaea noaoe aaciaei iaoeiaei iaa?oiooaaiiyi
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? no?aoaa?? aea?aeaae. E??i oiai, cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoai?ci
iiaea aooe ?icaeyiooi ye can?a a?aeiiaeaiiy aaeaino ?ioa?an?a iae?i- ?
iaci??aiy c ieoaiue iioei?caoe?? ?ici?uaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee eiao?oe??io i??i?eoao?a ?eieiaeo iai?yie?a ?iaanoeoe?e
ca aaeocyie iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee aeineoue yne?aai a?aeia?aaea?
?nioth/? ia aeaiee iiiaio /ano ia?aeine a aaeocyo aeiiii?ee, oiio iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee ye i?aea?oioy aeey i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue i?e
?ic?iaoe? ?aa?iiaeueieo ? i?noeaaeo i?ia?ai ?iaanooaaiiy. Aeiiii?/ia
cia/ei?noue eiao?oe??ioo iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?i aea? ?ioaa?aeueio,
ocaaaeueithth/o oa?aeoa?enoeeo aaeoc? c o?aooaaiiyi oaeaeeino? iai?ioo
eai?oaeo ? aoaeoeaiino? eiai aeei?enoaiiy. Eiao?oe??io ? c?o/iei aeey
aeei?enoaiiy i?eaaoieie ?iaanoi?aie, eiinaeo?iaiaeie o??iaie, a oaeiae
oe?ieei eieii in?a, ine?eueee aei eiai ?ic?aooieo ia caeo/a?oueny
aaeeeee ianya noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??.

?ic?iaeaia a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? iaoiaeeea ioe?iee
o?iainiai? noaeino? i?aei?e?inoa, ui iathoue ia?niaeoeai? i?iaeoe
?aeiino?oeoe?? ? ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ia iniia? caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai
eai?oaeo, i?iiiio?oueny aeey aeei?enoaiiy o ?aae?caoe?? eiioeaioe??
?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee Aeiiaoeueei? iaeano? ia 1998-2000 ??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee ai?iaiaai? o oi?i? aeieeaae?a ia
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? AeiiAeO ca i?aenoieaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
(i. Aeiiaoeuee, ea?oaiue 1997), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
iieiaeeo o/aieo-aeiiii?no?a “Iaiaaeaeiaio a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo” (i. Aeiiaoeuee, a?oaeaiue 1997), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?eaeee ?icaeoie e?a?i c ia?ao?aeiith
aeiiii?eith” (i. Aeiiaoeuee, o?aaaiue 1998), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie
a oiiaao o?aiceoe??” (i. Oa?e?a, o?aaaiue 1998) ? i?aeia?iaeiiio
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? “Niaoe?aeuei? aeiiii?/i? ciie ? ?o aieea ia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie ?aa?iio” (i. Aeiiaoeuee, aeiaoaiue
1998).

Iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo noa’?eo?a
aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? I?iaeoo noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeiiii?/ieo
cii ? niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Aeiiaoeuee?e
iaeano?.

Iaoiaeeea ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino? i?aei?e?inoaa ? caaa?oaiith
?ic?iaeith ? i?eeiyoa aei aeei?enoaiiy Oi?aae?iiyi c ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??e
? Oi?aae?iiyi c ieoaiue ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee ? ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a
Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeiiii?ee Aeiiaoeueei? iaeanii? aea?aeaaii?
aaei?i?no?aoe?? aeey aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?
i?aei?e?inoa, aiae?co ?o o?iainiai-aeiiii?/iiai noaio, aeyaeaiiy
aioiaiino? aoaeoeaii ?aae?coaaoe cai?iiiiiaai? i?iaeoe, a oaeiae
i?i?i?caoe?? ?ecee?a aeey ?iaanoi??a. Iaoiaeeeo oaeiae ai?iaiaaii ?
ai?iaaaeaeaii o a?aee?eoiio aeoe?iia?iiio oiaa?enoa? “E?aiaoi?nueeee
caaiae aaaeeiai noaieiaoaeoaaiiy” c iaoith caaacia/aiiy ?aaoey?iiai
iii?oi?eiao eiai o?iainiai? noaeino? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?.

Ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy,
aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aaoi?a iioae?eiaai? o 10 ?iaioao caaaeueiei
ianyaii 3,65 ae.a., c yeeo 3,05 ae.a. iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? i?noeoue a nia? 190 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, 19 oaaeeoeue, 8 ?enoie?a, nienie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 125 iaeiaioaaiue
oa 28 aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

?icae?e 1. “?ieue ? cia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eieie i?ioeanaie a
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe?: ia i?eeeaae? ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy”.
Aoaeoeai?noue ae?yeueiino? aoaeue-yei? ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie a
aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea? oa caaacia/aiiy aenieeo oaii?a ?? ?icaeoeo a
oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a cia/i?e i??? aecia/athoueny
??aiai ?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino?, a oaeiae ae?aiaciiii ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino?. Oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth nenoaie iiaeiii
aacoaaoeny ia eiioeaioe?? ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iaiaaeaeiaioo, eiiieaenia
ciaiiy yei? aeicaieeoue ciaeoe oiiae iioei?caoe?? ?ici?uaiiy eai?oaeo ?
caaacia/eoe ye?noue aenia?oece ie?aieo ia’?eo?a ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai
?iaanooaaiiy.

Iaiaaeai?noue aioo??oi?o ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy iaoiiaeea aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?niaeoea
ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy. A oeeo oiiaao ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? ye
iioaioe?aeueia ciai?oi? aeaea?aei noathoue iaiaei?iiei ?ano?nii aeey
i?enei?aiiy i?ioean?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oa aeiiiaiaiiy
aioo??oi?o iiaeeeainoae o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.

?iicaiiee eai?oae iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ? ye na?eiciee eaoae?caoi?
?icaeoeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?. Iaeiae a oiiaao ia?icaeiooi?
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?? iiee ui ia ae??oothoue i?iaeai
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy e?a?ie. Ca ia??iae c 1994 ii 1998 ?. a
eiioeaioe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee e?a?i-aeiii??a ? ?? ?aae?caoe??
i?noeoueny ia o?eueee iaa?aaei?noue ii a?aeiioaiith aei
e?a?ie-?aoeei??ioa, aea ? aei?noea aecia/aiiy i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?
aaeocae ?ici?uaiiy eai?oae?a.

A oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii ei?aeyoe?eio caeaaei?noue aaeocaai?
aeeiai?ee ?ici?uaiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo ? i?ioean?a i?eaaoecaoe?? ca
aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa. Caaaeueiina?oiao oaiaeaioe?th
caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy a?ae nooiaiy
aeoeaiino? aioo??oi?o ?iaanoi??a a aaeocaaiio aniaeo? ia
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii.

Nooue i?iaeaie i?enooiino? ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo o a?o/eciyi?e aeiiii?oe?
iieyaa? ia no?eueee a a?aeiinii iaaaeeeeo ianyaao ?iaanooaaiiy, ne?eueee
a eiai ni?yioaaii?. Ia?aeine a aeiiii?oe? eiina?aothoueny, i?e oeueiio
aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy no?oeoo?ecaoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a
a?aenooi?.

Aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy aaeaino ?ioa?an?a ?iicaiiiai ?iaanoi?a ?
e?a?ie-?aoeei??ioa ? iaiao?aeiith ei?aeoe?y anueiai aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaiai
iaoai?cio caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo, oai?aoe/ii ?icaeyaeoaaiiai ye
eiiieaen caoiae?a, ui aecia/athoue oiiae ae?yeueiino?, a?aeiineie
aeaniino? oa i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? oi?ie i?aei?e?inoa c ?iicaiieie
eai?oaeaie.

C iaoith ae??oaiiy noia?a/iinoae c ieoaiue iioei?caoe?? ?aa?iiaeueiiai
oa aaeocaaiai ?ici?uaiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo aaoi?ii ni?iaeoiaaia
iiaeeo?eiaaia o?ueio??aiaaa iiaeaeue aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ?iicaiiei
?iaanooaaiiyi, yea ia?aaeaa/a? noai?aiiy niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy, niaoeeo?/iiai o?eueee aeey ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, yeee o
iiaeaeueoiio iiaea aooe a cia/i?e i??? aeo?niaiee ?eieiaei
naii?aaoethaaiiyi ? neaniaaiee.

Iiaeaeue iaa?oioiao? iaiao?aei?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?aa?ii?a c iiceoe?e ioe?iee
noaeino? ?o ainiiaea?/eo nenoai. Nooue i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? a
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ?aa?ii?a ca ??aiai ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
? aeai?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? no?aoaa?? aeey eiaeii? a?oie. Aeey noaeeo
?aa?ii?a aeioe?eueii iaenei?coaaoe ?a?iaanoeoe?? ? i?i?i?coaaoe
aeeo/aiiy. Aeae? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui i?ae ae??th ioeueoeie?eaoeaiiai
aoaeoo aiie aaciina?aaeiuei aoaeooue caeo/aoe neaa? a caaaeueiee
iaoai?ci ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ui noaia ciaeii caaaeueiiai icaei?iaeaiiy
aeiiii?ee.

I?aeoe/io i?eeiyoi?noue ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ia
iaci??ai?, aea aiia aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ?ino?oiaioe oa iaoiaee
?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee i?noeaaeo aeaae. Iniiao ae iie?oeee iiaeii?
neeaaeaoe i?ia?aii? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy, /anoeiai i?aee??ieai?
aaei?i?no?aoeaieie.

?icae?e 2. “Ioe?iea noaeino? ?aa?iiaeueieo ainiiaea?/eo nenoai”.
Aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eieie i?ioeanaie aoaeue-yei? nenoaie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao iaiaaeaieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a aecia/aia
ye?noth oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. sse?noue aea ??oaiue c i?eaiaeo
iioei?caoe?? ?ici?uaiiy eai?oaeo iiaea aooe caaacia/aia iaoiaee/iei
i?aeoiaeii.

A aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? ?nio? aaaaoi iaoiaeee anaa?/ii? aenia?oece
ia’?eo?a ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ?iaanooaaiiy ? aecia/aiiy ?o ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?eaaaeeaino?, iaeiae an? aiie iinyoue nooi aenia?eiaioaeueiee oa?aeoa?
? ia caaacia/othoue aeiaaino?ieiai? noaeino? e?eoa??aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo.
Oiio a aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iiaee eiiieaeniee aeeiai?/iee i?aeo?ae
aei aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?aeoeiao ainiiaea?/eo nenoai iaci??aiy, a
yeiio a iniiao ioe?iee nenoai ? anoaiiaeaiiy i??i?eoao?a iieeaaeaiee
iaoai?ci aecia/aiiy ??aiy ?o nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iiooeoaa/ai iaoiaeeea ioe?iee nenoai iaci??aiy aeicaiey?
aeaanoe ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio. Eeth/iaei iiiaioii a i?e ? anoaiiaeaiiy
aoaeiiiiai ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino? nenoaie. ssaeua, yea iaceaa?oueny
?aaeeiii, aenooia? oa?aeoa?enoe-eith aeeiai?ee oaeoe/ii? ia?aae?
ca’yce?a iieaciee?a o nenoai?, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny iaaiith noae?noth.
A?aeiia?aeii aoaeiiia iiaeaeue ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino? nenoaie
aaciina?aaeiuei a?aeaeaa? aeeiai?/iee oa?aeoa? iieaciee?a ? noae?noue
no?oeoo?e ?o ci?i ca /anii. Ia?ao?ae aea a aiae?c? a?ae aaniethoieo aei
a?aeiinieo ia?aiao??a (i?e??no iieaciee?a) aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe ?ie?
ca’yce?a o nenoai?: aaaeeeaee iiiaio aeey iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeeio. Aeaye?
iieacieee iiaeooue “iae?eaaoe” a nai?io ?on? ?yae ?ioeo.

Aeey iiaeaiiy ea?oeie i?e?ino?a ye ?aeeiiai oe?eiai a ?on? aoei
aeei?enoaii i?eioeeie ?aiaiai? noaoenoeee, ? i??ith ?acoeueoaoeaiino?
ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie a ?icaeyaeoaaiiio ?ioa?aae? /ano
aeciaii aaaaeaoe ?aiaee?iaaiee ?yae ioe?iie ?ooo iaaiiai iaai?o
iieaciee?a.

Iiaoaeiaa aoaeiiiiai ?aaeeio ea?o?oueny i?aaeeii “caei?iaiai c?inoaiiy”
aeiiii?ee: ae?iaieoeoai cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeiii iiia?aaeaeoaaoe
c?inoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa i?aaeiao?a niiaeeaaiiy, oiio i?e oi?ioaaii?
oaaeeoe? ioe?ii/ieo iieaciee?a i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeai ?icoaooaaoe ?o a
no?ia?e iine?aeiaiino? ca?aeii c oaiiaie ?o c?inoaiiy a ?aeaaeueiiio
aa??aio? ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie. Oeae ii?yaeie iacaaii ii?iaoeaiei.
Ii??aithth/e c iei ?aiaee?iaaiee ?yae i?e?ino?a iieaciee?a a ae?th/?e
nenoai? ?aa?iio, iiaeia ioe?ieoe ?? ?icaeoie oa aeiiii?/io noae?noue.

Iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yceo ? aeecueeino?
ii?iaoeaiiai ? ?aiaee?iaaiiai ?yaeo iieaciee?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny
iaeei a?ae iaeiiai aeaiia oa?aeoa?enoeeaie: ??cieoeath i?ae ?aiaaie
ie?aieo iieaciee?a, ui iaceaa?oueny a?aeoeeaiiyi, ? ?iaa?n??th iaeiiai
iiaiiai ?yaeo ii a?aeiioaiith aei ae?oaiai. Ioe?iea, iiaoaeiaaia ia
a?aeoeeaiiyo, oa?aeoa?eco? ye?noue ?aaeeio, a ia ?iaa?n?yo – eiai
aoaeoeai?noue.

Aeae?eaiei ci?noiaiei iciaeai ooeaieo ioe?iie o iaea?eueo?e i???
a?aeiia?aeathoue eiao?oe??ioe ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? Ni??iaia (ca
a?aeoeeaiiyie) ? Eaiaeaeea (ca ?iaa?n?yie).

?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??ioo Ni??iaia i?iaiaeeoueny iiaoaiii. Ia ia?oiio
aoai? aeey eiaeiiai iieacieea ?ic?aoiao?oueny ??cieoey i?ae eiai i?noeai
o ii?iaoeaiiio oii?yaeeoaaii? ? ?aiaii o oaeoe/iiio.

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A ioe?iea ei?aeyoe??, ui oa?aeoa?eco? aeecuee?noue aeaio ?yae?a ii
a?aeoeeaiiyi, ?ic?aoiao?oueny ii oi?ioe?:

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¦ ??? ????2????
????2w???,????2y???0????23/4???x????2???x????2™ ???
????2«??? ????2j???,????2†???1????2a3????a????u
y??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?If???-??????????2…????P????2…
???S????2????P????2 ???S????2H=???p????u`th??????aea
wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
y??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?Iy???-?????2c???s????u`th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?Iy???-??????????2 :????m????&??yyyy????????u??????1/4
???I»System?I???-?????????????? — /enei ?iaa?n?e aeey
iieacieea;

wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyyA??%?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u
y??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I????-?????2A???p????u`th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I????-??????????2 3????a????&??yyyy????????u??????1/4
???I»System?I???-??????????????- ooieoe?y, ui iieaco? /e
ciaoiaeeoueny iieaciee wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????AyyyYyyy ??%?? ???&?
?MathType??p????uE?ioeaaa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue aecia/a?oueny ii oi?ioe?:

wmetafile8?
??)??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? @A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy???o?? ???&?
?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????8&???8x???u`th??????1/4??I?
Times New Roman Cyr?IAe???-????2eae???4????2Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaiiy
nenoaie a ?on? /a?ac ?aiaiaee ?yae ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
aeeiai?eo ?? /anoei, iaaeanoue oi?eaeueio iiaeeea?noue ?ica’ycaoe
aeaaith aeeneon?th i?i oa, iaei??th /e aeae?eueeiia aaee/eiaie ne?ae
ioe?ithaaoe ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ?iaioe ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa a
oe?eiio. ?aiaiaa iaoaiaoeea aeicaiey? caanoe an? oe? aaee/eie aei
iaeiiai e?euee?niiai ae?aco aac aoaeue-yeiai caaaeoaaiiy.

I?e ?ici?uaii? ?iaanoeoe?e o ?aa?ii? aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe ioe?ieo
aaeocae, ai iaa?oue a a?oiao ?aa?ii?a i??i?eoaoii? aai aeniei?
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ie?ai? iai?yiee ?iaanooaaiiy iiaeooue ia
aeaoe aeniei? a?aeaea/? ia aeeaaeaiee eai?oae. C oe??th iaoith iaoiaeeeo
?ic?iaee ? ?aae?caoe?? eiiieaenii? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?ia?aie aoei
aeiiiaiaii c o?aooaaiiyi aaeocaaiai aniaeoo. Iiaoaeiaaii iiaeaeue
aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? aaeocae, a iniia? yei? eaaeeoue
i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee ainiiaea?/eo nenoai E. A. Ae?aeiaa ?
A. A. Oaeueaeiaia.

A iiaeae? iiaoaeiaa aaeoc? ye ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?icaeyaea?oueny a
oaoiieia?/iiio aniaeo?, a ?? eiiiiiaioaie aenooiathoue ?ano?ne (ao?ae),
i?iaeoeo (aeo?ae), oaoiieia?y ? i?aai?caoe?y (iia?aoi? ia?aoai?aiiy
aoiaeo o aeo?ae). Ci?ie eiiiiiaio nenoaie ?iaeyoue ?? naio aeaui ?ioith.
Oiio aei aiae?co aeeth/aii oae? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ?iaioe aaeoc?, ui
a?aeaeaathoue ci?ie on?o ?? eiiiiiaio ? ioe?iththoue ?o aeiiii?/io
cia/ei?noue.

Aeey caa?aaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? a?aeia?aaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo c?ooaiue a
aaeocyo ? c?noaaeaiino? iieaciee?a cai?iiiiiaaii ia?ao?ae aei a?aeiinieo
aaee/ei: i?e?inoo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ca aeine?aeaeaiee ia??iae,
?aioaaaeueiino? oa iai?ioo eai?oaeo a aaeoc? ca /aniaei oeeeeii.

Aei oaaae ia aa?aoueny nai i?ioean ia?aoai?aiiy a neeo eiai neeaaeiino?
oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, a ioe?iththoueny ?acoeueooth/? oa?aeoa?enoeee:
ye?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano, ye? ? caaaeueieie aeey an?o aaeocae,
ui aeicaiey? aeaoe ocaaaeueiaio ioe?ieo ?iaioe nenoaie aac aeieeaaeiiai
o?aooaaiiy aioo??oi?o /eiiee?a. An? iaaaaeai? aeua iieacieee ?
a?aeiinieie ? oiio iiaeooue aooe ia’?aeiai? a ?ioaa?aeueio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo, ui iaceaa?oueny eiao?oe??ioii ?eieiaeo iai?yie?a
?iaanoeoe?e:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy? ??,?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????8@???8a
???u`th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?If???-????2c(???*Oe???2™·????????2™]???E????2 M???
.????2 M????Ei??i????u`th??????1/4?????Symbol????-??????
???2™e
???*????2 i???=????u`th??????1/4????Symbol????-??????
???2™Z???D????&??yyyy????????u??????1/4???I»System?I???-
?????????????,

aea wmetafile8? ??™????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyyayyy ??a?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u`th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?Iz???-?????2`M???.????2`M????Ei??i????&??yyyy????????u
??????1/4???I»System?I???-??????????????- eiao?oe??io
i??i?eoao?a ?eieiaeo iai?yie?a ?iaanoeoe?e;

wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyayyy???…?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u`th??????1/4??I?Times New Roman
Cyr?I‹???-?????2`>???K????u`th??????1/4????Symbol????-?
?????????2`:????D????&??yyyy????????u??????1/4???I»Syste
m?I???-?????????????? – i?e??no eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue ca ia??iae, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny;

wmetafile8? ??wmetafile8? ??Aaciina?aaei?i aeeiiaaoeai aoaeue-yeeo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a aenooia? ae?iaiee, oiio aiae?c eiai
ae?iaie/i-o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? iiaeiai aooe iaia’yceiaith neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith caaaeueii? iiaeae? ioe?iee ainiiaea?/eo nenoai ??cieo
?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ??ai?a aeiiii?ee. Caeiaoaa/ai cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino? i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? noi?iiaaii?
noeoiiino? a?o/eciyieo eiao?oe??io?a oa eiao?oe??io?a i?aeia?iaeieo, ye?
?aeiiaiaeiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy oao?aoeyie Anioe?aoe?? aeeieiiiaaieo
aooaaeoa??a Aaeeeia?eoai?? ? aaeaioiaai? aei nenoaie iaoe?iiaeueieo
?aooie?a Oe?a?ie (oaaeeoey 1).

Neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoiaeeee ? ?ic?iaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii
aaeueia oeaea ioe?iee i?aei?e?inoaa ca ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeie
eiao?oe??ioaie ? aeaaaeaiee ii?iaoea ??aiy eiai o?iainiai? noaeino?,
yeee ciaoiaeeoueny ia iniia? noia?iiai aaeo ? ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
aeinoaoiy oa?aeoa?enoeea aeey i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue uiaei
?ici?uaiiy eai?oaeo.

Oaaeeoey 1. Nenoaia iniiaieo ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeo iieaciee?a
i?aei?e?inoa

?Iieacieee oaOi?ioea ?ic?aooieoIi?iaoeai/ieiao?oe??ioe
Ae?iaie/? eiao?oe??ioe1.Ia?aea i?eaooeiaino?Ii?O2?yae 050
100%8-10%O2 (?yae 010-?yae 015-?yae 020)2.?aioaaaeuei?noue?O2?yae 050
100%10-15%O2?yae 0403.Eiao?oe??ioO2 (?yae 010-?yae 015-?yae
020)iai?ioiino?EiaO1 (?yae 150+?yae 320)Ca?eueoaiiyiai?ioieo
cania?a4.Eiao?oe??ioEiacO2?yae 040a?4Ca?eueoaiiyiai?ioiino? caian?aO1
(?yae 150I+?yae 150E) 0, 55.Eiao?oe??io caai?aiaaiino?Ecae(O1?yae
180+O1?yae 170) 100%15-20%ii oi?aiaei aeaa?oi?aiO2 (?yae 010-?yae
015-?yae 020)6.Eiao?oe??io caai?aiaaiino?Ece(O1?yae 630+O1?yae 640)
100%Iino?eieeii oi?aiaei e?aaeeoi?aiO2 (?yae 010-?yae 015-?yae
020)Ciaioaiiy
I?iaeiaaeaiiy oaaeeoe? 1

7.Eiao?oe??ioEiO1?yae150Iacia/iaiaiaa?aiino?O1
(?yae150+?yae320-?yae750)ca?eueoaiiy O?iainia?
eiao?oe??ioe1.Eiao?oe??ioEc(O1?yae 530+O1?yae 750)
100%150-200%caai?aiaaiino?O1?yae 4002.Eiao?oe??ioEonO1?yae
4951o?iainiai? noaeino?O1 (?yae 530+?yae 750)3.Eiao?oe??ioEaaoO1?yae
4950.5

aaoiiii??O1?yae 3304.Eiao?oe??io iioi/ii?EeO1?yae 150+O1?yae
3201e?ea?aeiino?O1?yae 7505.Eiao?oe??io aaniethoii?O1?yae
(250+260+270+280+290)0.2e?ea?aeiino?EaanO1?yae 750

?icae?e 3. “Aecia/aiiy noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai i?e anoaiiaeaii?
?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?aeoeiao ?aa?ii?a oa ?ic?iaoe? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.”
A ?icae?e? aecia/aii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoai iaci??aiy.
?ic?iaeaii aoaeiiio aeeiai?/io iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio, yea eyaea a iniiao iiaoaeiae ?aeoeiaiai?
ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie. Iiaeaeue
ocaaaeueith? ianooii? aeiiii?/i? eaoaai???: ca?ia?oia ieaoa ianaeaiiy,
eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoa oa i?aai?caoe?e on?o oi?i aeaniino?,
i?yi? ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??, eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy a aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaei?
?iaioe, aenii?o oiaa??a, oiaa?iiai?io, ianya i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
ae?iaieoeoai oiaa??a ia?iaeiiai niiaeeaaiiy, aaeiaa i?iaeoeoe?y
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aaeiaee aioo??oi?e i?iaeoeo oa /enaeuei?noue
ianaeaiiy.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy yeino? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?iaee
?ioi?iaoe?? ? ni?iuaiiy ?iaioe c aaeeeeie ianeaaie aeaieo iaienaii
i?ia?aio ia iia? i?ia?aioaaiiy Delphi 3 i?ae iia?aoe?eio nenoaio
Windows95.

Aecia/aii ?iaanoeoe?eiee ?aeoeia on?o 25 ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie (oaaeeoey 2).

?acoeueoaoe eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
iaiaeii??aei?noue ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie ? aeeiai?/i?noue ?o ainiiaea?/eo
nenoai, ui, ye iane?aeie, iaoiiaeth? iio?aao ?aaoey?iiai
iii?oi??iao ?aa?ii?a. ?iaanoeoe?eiee ?aeoeia aeicaiey? c aeinoaoi?i
nooiaiai oi/iino? ioe?ieoe iioaioe?aeuei? iiaeeeaino? ?aa?iio, nooiaiue
noaeino? eiai ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ? aecia/eoe ia?niaeoeae aca?iiae?? c
iei.

Oaaeeoey 2. ?aiaee?oaaiiy ?aa?ii?a ia iniia? ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea

?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino?

?aia?aa?iie?ioa?- aae?ioaa?aeueiee

iieacieeA?oie ?aa?ii?a

o a?aeiia?aeiino??iaanoeoe?eii?c
iieacieeiii?eaaaeeaino?1Oa?e?anueeee0,590,66?aa?iie2Aeiiaoeueeee0,62i??i
?eoaoi?3Iieoaanueeee0,598ca
?iaanoeoe?eiith4Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee0,595i?eaaaeea?noth5Ee?anueeee0,596Ca
ii??cueeee0,550,579?aa?iie7Oiaeueieoeueeee-0,575aeniei?8Noinueeee0,590,5
67?iaanoeoe?eii?9?iaainueeee0,561i?eaaaeeaino?10Euea?anueeee0,55811Aieei
nueeee0,50,548?aa?iie12Oa?iii?euenueeee-0,545na?aaeiuei?13*a?i?a?anueeee
0,550,538?iaanoeoe?eii?14Caea?iaonueeee0,528i?eaaaeeaino?15Iaeanueeee0,3
50,47616Aaoiiiiia ?anioae?ea E?ei-0,419?aa?iie

aeinoaoiuei?17AEeoiie?nueeee0,50,417?iaanoeoe?eii?18Eoaainueeee0,396i?ea
aaeeaino?19A?iieoeueeee0,39620Ieeiea?anueeee0,350,33921?aaii-O?aie?anuee
ee0,312?aa?iie22E??iaia?aaenueeee0,307iecueei?23*a?i?aaoeueeee0,307?iaan
oeoe?eii?24*a?eanueeee0,305i?eaaaeeaino?25Oa?niinueeee0,278

I?aeoaa?aeaeaii aenieee ?iaanoeoe?eiee ?aeoeia Aeiiaoeueeiai ?aa?iio ?
aeinoaoi?noue eiai iioaioe?aeo aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaeeeiianooaaieo
i?iaeo?a uiaei caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo. Oiio ia’?eoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue o o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aenooieee I?ia?aia
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio oa I?iaeo noai?aiiy
niaoe?aeueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii ? niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? a Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano?.

Aeniiaee

1. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeei, ui a oiiaao iaiaaeaiino?
aioo??oi?o ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy aeiiii?ee ?iicaii?
?iaanoeoe?? noathoue iaiaei?iiei ?ano?nii aeey i?enei?aiiy i?ioean?a
iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaeiie/oaaiiy oa aeiiiaiaiiy aioo??oi?o iiaeeeainoae
o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue. Iaeiae aiie iiee ia ae??oothoue i?iaeai
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy e?a?ie, ? cie?aia /a?ac oa, ui ?iicaii? ?iaanoi?e
nai? iae?athoue noa?e ae?yeueiino?, ea?oth/enue a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a
iieacieeaie ii?ie i?eaooeo ia aeeaaeaiee eai?oae.

2. Ni?iaeoiaaii iiaeeo?eiaaio o?ueio??aiaao iiaeaeue aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi c iaoith ciaioaiiy noia?a/iinoae c
i?eaiaeo iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano ?aa?iiaeueiiai oa aaeocaaiai ?ici?uaiiy
?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo. Ia iae?i??ai? iiaeaeue aeicaiey? iaa?oiooaaoe
iaiao?aei?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai eiiieaenii-oe?eueiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei
?aa?ii?a c iiceoe?e ioe?iee noaeino? ?o ainiiaea?/eo nenoai. Ia
iaci??ai? iiaeaeue iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe ?ino?oiaioe oa
iaoiaee ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee i?noeaaeo i?aai?a aeaaee.

3. Aeyaeaii, ui ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo
oa?eoi??e oa aecia/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ?aeoeiao ?aoeei??io?a eai?oaeo
ia ? nenoaiieie, ?ioaa?aeueieie, aiie ia caaacia/othoue aeiaaino?ieiaiai
e?eoa??aeueiiai i?aeoiaeo. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai cai?iiiiiaaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo ?acoeueooth/eo oa?aeoa?enoee
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ia aac? aeeiai?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo a aeiaaino?ieiaiio ia??iae?.

4. Aecia/aii iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoai iaci??aiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii
?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee ?acoeueoaoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? ainiiaea?/i?
nenoaie ?aa?iio c oi/ee ci?o ?? aeiiii?/ii? noaeino? oa iaoiaeeeo eiai
?ic?aooieo, yea aaco?oueny ia ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiio aiae?c?,
i?eioeeiao ?aiaiai? noaoenoeee ? eiao?oe??ioao ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe??
Ni??iaia ? Eaiaeaeea, ui aeicaiey? ia?aeoe a?ae aenia?oieo ioe?iie aei
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo noaiaea?o?a. Aeiaeaoeii aei iaoiaeeee ? i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy, eio?a ca?eueoo? ye?noue oa oaeaee?noue ia?iaee aaeeeeo
ianea?a aeaieo i?e ?ic?aooieo iieacieea ?acoeueoaoeaiino?. ?ic?iaeaii
aoaeiiio aeeiai?/io iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue noaeiai ?aaeeio ae?yeueiino?
ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie ?aa?iio, yea eyaea a iniiao iiaoaeiae ?aeoeiaiai?
ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie. Aecia/aii
?iaanoeoe?eiee ?aeoeia on?o ?aa?ii?a e?a?ie.

5. Aeaii iaoiaeieia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee ?aa?iiaeueieo
i?iaeo?a c o?aooaaiiyi aaeocaaiai aniaeoo. Aeaaaeaii ? iaa?oioiaaii
eiao?oe??io i??i?eoao?a ?eieiaeo iai?yie?a ?iaanoeoe?e ca aaeocyie
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, ui ocaaaeueith? iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?iaioe
aaeoc?.

6. Cai?iaaaeaeaii iaoiaeeeo iaa?oioiaaii? ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino?
i?aei?e?inoaa aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee iaea?aeoaa/a eai?oaeo i?e?i??aiy. A ??
iniiao eyaea nenoaia a?o/eciyieo eiao?oe??io?a oa eiao?oe??io?a
i?aeia?iaeieo, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo i?aeia?iaeiith Anioe?aoe??th
aeeieiiiaaieo aooaaeoa??a Aaeeeia?eoai??, ui aeicaiey? iaaeeceoe aiae?c
aei na?oiaeo noaiaea?o?a. A iaoiaeeoe? aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii
iiaoaeiaaii aaeueio oeaeo ioe?iee i?aei?e?inoaa ca ae?iaie/i-o?iainiaeie
eiao?oe??ioaie oa ia iniia? noia?iiai aaeo aeaaaeaii ii?iaoea ??aiy eiai
o?iainiai? noaeino?, ui ?icaeyaea?oueny ye aeinoaoiy oa?aeoa?enoeea aeey
i?eeiyooy no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue uiaei ?ici?uaiiy eai?oaeo.

7. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeee ioe?iee noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai i?e
?ic?iaoe? ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a caaacia/eoue ye?noue i?ioeano
i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ? i?i?i?co? ?ecee aeey ?iaanoi??a, ui
aoei i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii o oiae? ?icaeyaeo
?aa?iiaeueieo ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a o Aeiiaoeuee?e iaeano? oa aiae?co
i?aei?e?inoa, ?o aaciina?aaei?o aeeiiaaoe?a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Oiiaiei ss.A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ioeaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiie
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe ?aaeiiaeueiuo oicyenoaaiiuo nenoai. – Aeiiaoee,
Einoeooo yeiiiieei-i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1999. – 28n. (1,3
ae. a.)

2. Einoaiie E.A., Oiiaiei ss.A. Ioeaiea ninoiyiey eiino?aiiiai
eiaanoe?iaaiey: ?aaeiiaeueiue aniaeo // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee. Aeiiii?ea. — 1997. — ?22. — N.7-13. (0,35 ae. a.)

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aeaaaeaiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea
?iaanoeoe?eii? iaa?ocee ca ?aa?iiaie Oe?a?ie (0,15 ae. a.).

3. Einoaiie E.A., Oiiaiei ss.A. Eiaanoeoeeiiiay iieeoeea a aniaeoa
?aaeiiaeueiiai naiioi?aaeaiey // I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai: i?iaeaiu e
?aoaiey: Na. iao/. o?. Auione 1. – Aeiiaoee, Aeiiaoeeee einoeooo
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa. -1997.- N. 69-75. (0,25 ae. a.)

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ?icoaooaaiiy
?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo o ?aa?iiaeueiiio aniaeo?, aeiaaaeaiiy ei?aeyoe?eii?
caeaaeiino? ianya?a ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo a ?aa?ii? a?ae ??aiy eiai
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ( 0,15 ae. a.).

4. Oiiaiei ss.A Aa?iiaeneee Nithc: ia?niaeoeau o/anoey a eiaanoeoeeiiiie
iieeoeea ainoaea?noaa // I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai: i?iaeaiu e ?aoaiey: Na.
iao/. o?. Auione 1.- Aeiiaoee, Aeiiaoeeee einoeooo
i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa. — 1997.- N.75-79. (0,24 ae. a.)

5. Oiiaiei ss.A. ?ieue ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? ?aa?ii?a o
cae?eniaii? aea?aeaaii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea,
oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. E.: Oe??IOA?. – 1997. — ? 15-16.- N. 3-4. (0.1
ae. a.)

6. Eo/a?oe N.A., Oiiaiei ss.A. Naeaeoeaiay no?oeoo?iay iieeoeea Oe?aeiu
a eniieueciaaiee aa?iiaeneeo eiaanoeoeee // I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey
aiaoiayeiiiie/aneeo naycae e i?eaea/aiey eiino?aiiuo eiaanoeoeee:
?aaeiiaeueiue aniaeo: Na. iao/. o?. –Aeiiaoee, Aeiiaoeeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao. — 1998. — N. 85-88. (0,3 ae. a.)

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a: aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo noinoie?a
Oe?a?ie c ?a?iiaenueeei Nithcii oa aeyaeaiiy iiaeaeueoeo ia?niaeoea
aca?iiae?? c iei (0,1 ae. a.).

7. Oiiaiei ss.A. No?oeoo?iua iniaaiiinoe eiino?aiiuo eiaanoeoeee a
Oe?aeia // Iaiaaeaea?: aanoiee Aeiiaoeeie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeaaeaiee
oi?aaeaiey. – 1998. — ?2. – N. 44-48. (0,35 ae. a.)

8. Oiiaiei ss.A. ?aaeiiaeueiue aniaeo eiioeaioeee nicaeaiey naiaiaeiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo cii a Oe?aeia // Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneiai naieia?a “Niaoeeaeueiua yeiiiie/aneea ciiu e eo
aeeyiea ia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea ?aaeiia”. – Aeiiaoee,
Einoeooo yeiiiieei-i?aaiauo enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. –
n.142-144. (0,16 ae. a.)

9. Oiiaiei ss.A. ?iaanoeoe?eia iie?oeea: ioe?iea noaeino?
ainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai.
E.: Oe??IOA?. – 1999. — ? 3-4. – N. 13-14. (0,1 ae. a.)

10. Oiiaiei ss. A. Iaoiaeieiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?iaaaeaieth
aiaeeca oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey // ?aaiiiaeueii
ia?niaeoeae. – 1999. — ? 1(4). – N.27-31.

Aiioaoe?y

Oiiaiei ss.A. ?iaanoeoe?eiee iaiaaeaeiaio: ioe?iea noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo
nenoai. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.02 — I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa
ia?eaoeia. Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? iioeiaeueiiai ?ici?uaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a ia iniia? caaaeueiii?eionoeii? ?ioaa?aeueii?
(nenoaiii?) ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi ?ieue oa iniaeeaino?
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia i?eeeaae? ciai?oiueiai ?iaanooaaiiy ia
??ciiiai?oieo ?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo ??aiyo aeiiii?ee.

Ni?iaeoiaaii iiaeeo?eiaaio o?ueio??aiaao iiaeaeue aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aae?iiy ?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi a Oe?a?i?. Cai?iiiiiaaii eiiieaenio
iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai iaci??aiy c a?aeiia?aeiei
i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi oa aecia/aii ia ?? iniia? ?iaanoeoe?eiee
?aeoeia ?aa?ii?a Oe?a?ie. Aeaaaeaii eiao?oe??io i??i?eoao?a ?eieiaeo
iai?yie?a ?iaanoeoe?e ca aaeocyie iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee. ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee o?iainiai? noaeino? i?aei?e?inoa — ?aoeei??io?a
eai?oaeo.

Iaoiaeeee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? noaeino? ainiiaea?/eo nenoai aeei?enoaii
i?e ?ic?iaoe? I?iaeoo noai?aiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeiiii?/ieo cii oa
niaoe?aeueiiai ?aaeeio ?iaanoeoe?eii? ae?yeueiino? a Aeiiaoeuee?e
iaeano?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iaanoeoe?ei? ?ano?ne, ainiiaea?/a nenoaia, oi?aae?iiy,
noae?noue ainiiaea?/i? nenoaie, ?aaeei ae?yeueiino?, o?iainiaa noae?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aiiioaoeey

Oiiaiei ss.A. Eiaanoeoeeiiiue iaiaaeaeiaio: ioeaiea onoie/eainoe
oicyenoaaiiuo nenoai. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.02 – I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai, iaiaaeaeiaio e
ia?eaoeia. – Aeiiaoeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea eiioeaioeee iioeiaeueiiai ?aciauaiey
eiaanoeoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia ia ?acee/iuo einoeoooeeiiaeueiuo o?iaiyo
yeiiiieee. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu ?ieue e iniaaiiinoe eiaanoeoeeiiiuo
i?ioeannia a oneiaeyo ia?aoiaeiie yeiiiieee, ianoi e cia/eiinoue
aiaoiaai eiaanoe?iaaiey; iiaeoaa?aeaeaiu oeaeaniia?aciinoue iaania/aiey
iao/ii iainiiaaiiiai iiaeoiaea e ?ac?aaioea e ?aaeecaoeee
eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia, iaiaoiaeeiinoue oaeoaeaiiiai aiaeeca
iai?aaeaiee eniieueciaaiey eiaanoeoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia e o/aoa
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae ?aoeeieaioia eaieoaea.

A aeenna?oaoeee oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia e ?ac?aaioaia no?aoaaey e
oaeoeea eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee ainoaea?noaa ii iaania/aieth
yooaeoeaiiai ?aciauaiey eaieoaea ia iae?i-, iaci- e iee?io?iaiyo. Aa
iniiao ninoaaeyao ioeaiea ?aoeeieaioa eaieoaea eaaeaeiai
einoeoooeeiiaeueiiai o?iaiy yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu n oi/ee c?aiey aai
eiaanoeoeeiiiie i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe. Iniiaiui e?eoa?eai
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe i?aaeeiaeaii n/eoaoue yeiiiie/aneoth onoie/eainoue
iauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey.

Aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii enneaaeiaaieth iniiaiuo ?acoeueoe?othueo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoia eiaanoeoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna ia
aaca aeeiaie/aneiai iiaeoiaea e iainiiaaiu e?eoa?ee ioeaiee ?aoeeieaioia
eaieoaea ia eaaeaeii einoeoooeeiiaeueiii o?iaia yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi a ?aaeiiaeueiii aniaeoa nouanoaothuea iaoiaeeee
ii?aaeaeaiey i?ei?eoaoia iinyo noaoai yenia?eiaioaeueiue oa?aeoa? e ia
iaania/eaatho aeieain?i/iie onoie/eainoe e?eoa?eaeueiiai iiaeoiaea.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeeiaeai iiaue eiiieaeniue aeeiaie/aneee iiaeoiae e
iino?iaieth eiaanoeoeeiiiiai ?aeoeiaa ?aaeiiia. Enoiaeiui i?eioeeiii
iiaeoiaea yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiea onoie/eainoe oicyenoaaiiie nenoaiu
?aaeiia a aeieain?i/iii ia?eiaea ia iniiaa ioeaiee ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe aa
aeayoaeueiinoe. Iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa i?aaeeaaaaiie ?aiaiaie ioeaiee
aace?oaony ia ei??aeyoeeiiii-?aa?anneiiiii aiaeeca, i?eioeeiao ?aiaiaie
noaoenoeee e eiyooeoeeaioao ?aiaiaie ei??aeyoeee Nie?iaia e Eaiaeaeea,
/oi iicaieyao ia?aeoe io yenia?oiuo ioeaiie e iao/ii-iainiiaaiiui
noaiaea?oai. Aeey iaania/aiey ea/anoaa e iiauoaiey nei?inoe ia?aaioee
eioi?iaoeee eniieueciaaiu aiciiaeiinoe nia?aiaiiiai i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey: iaienaia i?ia?aiia ia ycuea i?ia?aiie?iaaiey Delphy 3 iiae
iia?aoeeiiioth nenoaio Windows 95, aeeth/athuay aeai?eoi ?an/aoa
iieacaoaey ?acoeueoaoeaiinoe aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaaiiie nenoaiu
?aaeiia. A oiaea ai?iaaoeee iaoiaeeee ii?aaeaeai eiaanoeoeeiiiue ?aeoeia
anao ?aaeiiia Oe?aeiu.

Aeaiu iaoiaeieiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?ac?aaioea ?aaeiiaeueiuo
i?iaeoia n o/aoii io?aneaaiai aniaeoa. Auaaaeai eiyooeoeeaio i?ei?eoaoia
?uii/iuo iai?aaeaiee eiaanoeoeee ii io?aneyi iaoeeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee,
iaiauathuee iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ?aaiou io?anee.

I?aaeeiaeaii ii?aaeaeyoue eiaanoeoeeiiiue ?aeoeia ?aoeeieaioa eaieoaea
iee?io?iaiy (i?aaei?eyoey) ia iniiaa aiaeeca aai
oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneiai iieiaeaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea ioeaiee
oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe i?aaei?eyoey ia iniiaa neioaca ioa/anoaaiiuo
eiyooeoeeaioia e eiyooeoeeaioia iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo, aaeaioe?iaaiiuo e
nenoaia iaoeeiiaeueiuo n/aoia Oe?aeiu, /oi iicaieeei i?eaeeceoue ioeaieo
e ie?iaui noaiaea?oai.

A oiaea ?anniio?aiey eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?iaeoia Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe e
aiaeeca i?aaei?eyoee — eo eniieieoaeae, yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey iaoiaeee ioeaiee
yeiiiie/aneie onoie/eainoe oicyenoaaiuo nenoai a i?ioeanna onoaiiaeaiee
eiaanoeoeeiiiuo i?ei?eoaoia. Aeieacaia eo cia/eiinoue aeey iaania/aiey
ea/anoaa i?ioeanna i?eiyoey eiaanoeoeeiiiuo ?aoaiee e i?e ieieiecaoeee
?enea aeey eiaanoi?ia.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou eniieueciaaiu i?e ?ac?aaioea I?iaeoa
niaoeeaeueiuo yeiiiie/aneeo cii e niaoeeaeueiiai ?aaeeia eiaanoeoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe.

Aaoi?neea iaoiaeeee yaeythony caaa?oaiiuie ?ac?aaioeaie e i?eiyou e
eniieueciaaieth Oi?aaeaieai ii ?acaeoeth oa??eoi?ee e Oi?aaeaieai ii
aii?inai eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee e i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ?ano?nia Aeaaiiai
oi?aaeaiey yeiiiieee Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoiie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aaeieieno?aoeee, a oaeaea ioe?uoui aeoeeiia?iui iauanoaii “E?aiaoi?neee
caaiae oyaeaeiai noaieino?iaiey”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiaanoeoeeiiiua ?ano?nu, oicyenoaaiiay nenoaia,
oi?aaeaiea, onoie/eainoue oicyenoaaiiie nenoaiu, ?aaeei aeayoaeueiinoe,
oeiainiaay onoie/eainoue i?aaei?eyoey.

Summary

Khomenko Y.V. Investment management: evaluation of economic systems
stability. – Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate of economic science degree on the speciality
08.06.02 – Business undertaking, management and marketing. – Donetsk
state University, Donetsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the investment disposal optimization model
based on generally accepted integral evaluation of investment preferance
of economic systems. The role and the special fitures of investment
process in the period of transitional economy are viewed.

It is suggested: the model of foreign direct investment administration
in Ukraine, the methodology of estimating the region economic system
stability provided with an appropriate special software and the ratio of
investment preferance of Ukrainian regions. The ratio of investment
market priority of economic sectors has been grounded. The basic methods
of company’s financial stability estimation have been worked out. The
basic results of the dissertation were used during the creation of
special economic zones and special regime of investment activity in
Donetsk region.

Key words: investment resources, economic system, management, economic
system stability, region of system activity, financial stability of
companies.

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