OA?E?ANUeEEE A?ENUeEIAEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AI?Ae??IEI – IEO?IOAIIAA ?ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 13.130.1: 343.81

?IAA??AIOE AEN?INOA?E IA?A?IAEUeIIAI

(IA I?EEEAAe? IAI?OAIOe?A?IEO ONOAIIA)

09.00.03 – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y ?noi???

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?” I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Eoci?oeia
Aiaoie?e TH??eiae/, Aea?aeaaiee aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??;

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? Ineiiaa Iaoae?y
Ieeei?aia, Oa?e?anueeee a?enueeiaee oi?aa?neoao, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueeiai a?aeae?eo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai
a?enueeiai? ina?oe;

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Eaiooo Aeea Iaae?aia,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
o?einio??, nioe?ieia?? oa ?ae?a??ciaanoaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee, eaoaae?a o?einio??, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.702.05 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310043, Oa?e?a, Aeeiai?anueea, 6, aoae. Ae
606.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
a?enueeiaiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310043, Oa?e?a, iaeaeai
Naiaiaee, 6.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani? __________________ Iaioeeia ?.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia i?aeoe/ieie caaaeaiiyie
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? eoeueoo?e ia no/aniiio aoai?, ui
ianaiia?aae iio?aao? oai?aoe/iiai ona?aeiieaiiy nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo
i?ioean?a, a neooaoe?? iaaecia/aieo oe?ii?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Aeo?aeia aeeniiceoe?y “o?aaeeoe?? – ?iiiaaoe??” caaaeaee caa??aa? na?e
aeeaeiiee eoeueoo?iee ci?no, noiaaiee a?ae aaciina?aaeiueiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy a aiioe “aoooy ii?yaeeo”. Aea o /ane “?ica?i/aiiy
eieeoi?o eoie??a” ao?eai? o?aaeeoe?? oa ?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ic??iiy
neeaaeathoue iiiceoe?th, i?ioenoiyiiy, a?aeiiaethth/e eie?c?th noa?iai
oa iiaiai.

O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aeano?oeoe?? ?aeiino? eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano
i?inoaaeo?oueny ia?a?iaeueiee noai, aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae yeiai
anoaiiaeth? o?einionueeo ia?niaeoeao aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao
ia?a?iaeueii? nioe?aeueii? oii?ee – noaio noni?euenoaa ye iioi/iiai
iiiaioo eiai ?nioaaiiy (“ooo” ? “ca?ac”) c on?ia noia?a/iinoyie,
ia?niaeoeaaie – ieioe? oe?iiino? oa ii?ie aaea ia ae?thoue (aai iaeaea
ia ae?thoue), a iia? – a?aenooi? (aai ua inoaoi/ii ia noi?ioaaeenue).
Ooo ? aeieea? i?iaeaia ia?a?iaeueiiai oaiiiaia, oiaoi iaiao?aei?noue
oaei? eiioeaioe?? ia?a?iaeueiino?, yea a iiaea aaeaeaaoii aenie?eoaaoe
aen?inoa?o ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” o i?ioean?
o?ainoi?iaoe?? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo iniia ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui iayai?noue /eneaiieo oai??e na?ae/eoue i?i
ae?eni?noue neooaoe??, ana ae oaee ia?a?iaeuei?noue ia ia?
ia?aaeeaiaeueii? aeao?i?oe??. O oe?e ?iaio? iniiai? ia?aaeeaie
ia?a?iaeueiino? aacothoueny ia aeae?eaieo aen?ieia?/ieo ?iaa??aioao.
Iiaa eaea i?i aeane?eioe?th ia?a?iaeueiino? ca aeayeeie oi?aa?naeueieie
e?eoa??yie, o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aen?ieia?/ieie, ui a?aeoai?ththoue
oai?aoe/io iiaeaeue aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai.

Aeey no/anii? na?aeiiino? ?aoeaen?y oaiiiaia ia?a?iaeueiino? ? ae?acii
niaoeeo?/iino? neooaoe?? ? iaeii/anii caaaeueiith caeiiii??i?noth
?noi?e/ii? a?ia?ao?? noni?euenoaa o ia??iaee, eiee aiii iaiaaa?oueny
aeyaeoe i?iaeoeoeai? ca’ycee noa?iai oa iiaiai, caa?aaeaiiy ? iaiiaeaiiy
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oi?i. Aiae?c aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai
“noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” aeicaiey? iiaa/eoe aeaea?aea a?aee?eooy
?iiiaaoe?eieo no?oeoo? ona?aaeei? o?aaeeoe?eieo o oi?i? a?aeoai?thaaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo, ?iie?eoth/iai o?aaeeoe?? o ae?aeic?, ui
i?iaeiaaeo?oueny, oi/i?oa iie?eic? ?icaeiooeo oa noaiiaethaaieo oi?i
ae?yeueiino? eoeueoo?e. A oiiaao ia?a?iaeueii? nioe?aeueii? oii?ee
ia?a?iaeuei?noue, oaeei /eiii, iiaeiia a?oeeoethaaoenue ia o?eueee ye
aaaaoiaei??iee eiioe?eo o?aaeeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo oi?i eoeueoo?e,
aea, ianaiia?aae, ye ?o iie?eia. Ine?eueee an? nooi?ni? eiiiiiaioe
aen?inoa?e o iaai?e i??? ??aiioe?ii?, ieoaiiy i?i ?o aa?enoe/i?noue
/anoeiai ae??oo?oueny ieoaiiyie ?o no?eei? ?aeiino?, niieo/aiiy
eiiiiiaio?a, a oaeiae iaoai?ci?a ?o aca?iiae??. O oeueiio ieai?
?aeiino?oeoe?y eieeoi?o eoeueoo?ieo noa?aioei?a ? aeii?ioth/eo
i???ioaoe?e i?e ia?a?iaeuei?e oii?oe? ia? iniaeeao i?ciaaaeueio
oe?ii?noue.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue aea/aiiy iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”, a
oaeiae naiaioe/ii nii??aeiaieo eiai ??ciiaeae?a – “ia?a?iaeueia”,
“ia?a?iae?caoe?y” oiui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ia o?eueee eiai
aiinaieia?/iith iiaeciith, aea e nioe?aeueiith cia/ou?noth.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?icae?eii eieaeoeaii? oaie eaoaae?e
o?einio?? Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.
AEoeianueeiai “OA?” “Iiaeaethaaiiy oao?aoey aeui? ina?oe a no/anieo
oiiaao”, ui aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue oi?aa?neoaoo ia
caiiaeaiiy I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie. O o?aaeeoe?yo ?a?iiaenueei?
nioe?ieia??, ui i???ioiaaia ia ianooaai? oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy, iiaoaeiao aano?aeoieo nioe?ieia?/ieo noai,
onoaiiaeaiiy caaaeueiinioe?ieia?/ieo caeii?a, ?ioeie neiaaie, ia
noaoenoe/io “nioe?aeueio o?ceeo”, yea iaei i?enoiniaaia aeey ?icaeyaeo
nioe?aeueii? iiaaae?iee iaeeie/iiai, “ia-nioe?ae?ciaaiiai” ?iaeea?aea,
oa?i?i “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” ia i?a aooe ?icaeiooei. Iaiao?aeia aoea
aeueoa?iaoeaa, yea a ?iaeea aeoeaio ia ae??oaii? i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ –
onoiaii? nioe?aeueieo aioaaii?ci?a, onoaiiaeaii? aaeaeaaoiiai
nioe?aeueiiai eiio?ieth – o nioe?aeueieo neooaoe?yo, ui neeaaeathoueny,
iai?eeeaae, o ?aieao i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee. O *eeacueeiio oi?aa?neoao? a
oiiaao o?niiai ca’yceo aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaea/ c eiie?aoieie
i?aeoe/ieie i?iaeaiaie i?noa aoei aeeiiaii aaaaoioe?eueia? i?eeeaaei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui c’yaeeeny c ii/aoeii aeieeiaiiy aii??e/ii?
nioe?ieia??, yea oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ni?yiiaai?noth ia aea/aiiy eiie?aoii?
nioe?aeueii-iiaooiai? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeae.

Oai??th ia?a?iaeueieo ethaeae oa ia?a?iaeueieo ni?eueiinoae aenoiooi o
20-o ?ieao iaoiai noie?ooy ?.Ia?eii – aia?eeainueeei o/aiei, caniiaieeii
? oeaio?aeueiith o?ao?ith *eeacueei? nioe?ieia?/ii? oeiee. Eaoaai??y
ia?a?iaeueii? iniaenoino?, ui aaaaeaia iei, iaea?aeaea nai? ia?oa
oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy o nioe?ieia??. Ia?a?iaeueia iniaeno?noue ca
?.Ia?eii – iiaee oei iniaenoino?, ui oi?io?oueny ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio
??ai? aeiaaeueiiai nioe?aeueii-aoi?/iiai i?ioeano aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?.

?iaioe ?.Ia?ea oa eiai o/i?a a?aeia?aceee iniaeno? ?ene ia?a?iaeueieo
in?a – ianiie?e, iaiaaeai?noue, /anoiethanoai, /ooeea?noue, i?yeia?noue,
aaioeaio?e/i?noue. A.Noioiea?no, ?.A.?aeoa?, I.E?ann? ? O.I.A?aoi
aeine?aeaeoaaee “ai?ioueao” ia?a?iaeueii? iniaenoino? ca nioe?aeueiee
noaoon.

Aeey cao?aeii?a?iiaenueei? nioe?ieia?? 60 – 70-o ?ie?a oa?aeoa?i? aea?
iniiai? oi/ee ci?o ia nioe?aeueio nooi?noue ia?a?iaeueii? iniaenoino?.
I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiue o?aioeocueei? nioe?ieia?? – c iaeiiai aieo
iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee ia?a?iaeueiiai oeio iniaenoino?: aeaa?aoe?y,
ianeai?noue, aa?aneai?noue, aii?aeuei?noue oa ?i., a c ae?oaiai –
nioe?aeuei? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy oaeiai oeio iniaenoino?.
Aia?eeainueea nioe?ieia?y, yeo i?aaenoaaeaii eiioeaioe?yie o o?aaeeoe?yo
iii?iae?noe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ieoaiiy ia?a?iaeueii? iniaenoino?,
i?aeoe/ii iieieeanue caieiaiith o iaaeao ineoieia?caoe?? aeaii?
i?iaeaie.

O o?einio?? ci?no iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” ?icaeaaany iiina?aaeeiaaii,
o eiioaeno? ieoaiue aaiaaeia?? “ia?a?iae?cia” oa ia?a?iaeueiiai
eiiieaeno o na?aeiiino?.

O aeayeeo nai?o ?iaioao O.Aaaeai iieaco?, ui ia?a?iaeuei?noue noaiiaeua
iaaieo noni?eueieo a?oi aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo? na?aeiiino? ?o
?iaeea?ae?a. Naia neaaea aaeaioaoe?y aei iaioth/i? o noni?euenoa?
nenoaie ii?i oa oiiaiinoae ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith oai?/eo iioaioe?e
ia?a?iaeueieo in?a (ni?eueiinoae). Ne?aeii ca Aaaeaiii aaaaoi aaoi??a
caa?ioee iniaeeao oaaao ia oa, ui nioe?oi caeia? ca a?aeiioaiiyi aei
ia?a?iaeo ?ai?aneaio aeenoaioe?th, – aieiaia ia?aoeiaea aeey eiai
?iei?ii?aoe?? aei nioe?aeueieo no?oeoo?.

Iaea?eueo iiaiee eiioeaiooaeueiee ?icaeoie ?aeae uiaei ieoaiiy
ia?a?iaeueii? na?aeiiino? iiaeia ciaeoe, iai?eeeaae, o E.Iaiaaeia,
I.Ooei, E.I.Aoi?eueiaa.

E.Iaiaaei o ?iaio? “?aeaieia?y ? ooii?y” oa?aeoa?eco? /ioe?e a?oie
“i?ii?aeiiai oa?o”, caeiyoiai aeooiaieie i?iaeaiaie. Iaaaaeaia iei
oa?aeoa?enoeea oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aeooiaiiai i?ioa?eo aeicaiey?
eeaneo?eoaaoe eiai ye ia?a?iaeueiee (c ??ciith i??ith ia?a?iae?caoe??)
ca oaeith eoeueoo?iith iciaeith: a?i (aeooiaiee i?ioa?ie) ia caeaoiee
aei ?iei?ii?aoe?? aei nenoaie oe?iiinoae nioe?oio, a?i aeoiaeeoue ca
iaae? aeeneo?no.

I.Ooei o /eneaiieo ?ioa?a’th, oaenoao, aenooiao ?aoaeueii i?iaiae?coaaa
iane?aeee i?ioeano c’yaeaiiy ?ioaeaeooaea-niaoe?ae?noa ne?aeii ca
o?aaeeoe?eiei ?, ye iane?aeie oeueiai – e?iaoeue oi?aa?naeueii?
na?aeiiino?: “aooe na?aeii?noth ca ?ioeo ? aeey ?ioeo”. Ooo, o ia?oo
/a?ao, iaiao?aeii caa?iooe oaaao ia ciyooy aoi?/ieo eiiiioaoe?e ?
aeae?eeoe oaeo ?eno ia?a?iaea ye “anioe?aeuei?noue”. ?ioaeaeooae, ca
?ioa?i?aoaoe??th I.Ooei, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ye “caaaeaee” ia?a?iaeueiee
?ioaeaeooae c ia?a?iaeueiei aeina?aeii – /anoeiaei, e?aei?i, i?ii?aeiei,
ia?eoa??eiei, yeee i?eiee ia ?icoaoiao?oueny ana?aaeei?
?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo iie?oe/ieo no?aoaa?e, a?i caaaeaee ciai? oa i?ioe
ieo. O oeueiio iieyaa? anioe?aeuei?noue ia?a?iaeueiiai ?ioaeaeooaea.

Iai?aoethaaiiy cao?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a o aaeoc? ia?a?iaeueii?
i?iaeaiaoeee ciaeoee i?iaeiaaeaiiy o o?einionueeeo ? nioe?ieia?/ieo
?iaioao oe?a?inueeeo oa ?in?enueeeo aaoi??a.

Na?aae o?aeooaaiue oa?i?ia “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” iiaeia aeae?eeoe
aeae?eueea iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e.

Ianaiia?aae, oa?i?i “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/iee. Eiai ae?iaeaii o oiae? aii??e/ieo
nioe?i-ineoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aoei i?iaaaeaii iaae aaaaoueia
?iaeea?aeaie. O iiaeaeueoiio aii??e/io eiinoaoaoe?th aoei eiinoeooeiaaii
ye aano?aeoio iiaeaeue, ui aeiaea?oueny aei aecia/aieo ?iaeea?ae?a oa
a?oi, ye? ao?aoeee cian?i aai iathoue ii?ooai? nioe?aeuei? ca’ycee o
no?oeoo?? noni?euenoaa. Ooo ia?a?iaeuei?noue aea/a?oueny aieiaiei /eiii
o ca’yceo c nioe?aeueiith no?aoeo?eaoe??th, nioe?aeueiith
?aeaioeo?eaoe??th, nioe?aeueiith ?ioaa?aoe??th, a oaeiae
aoiieoeueoo?iith noi?aei?noth. Iioaioe?aeueia ia?a?iaeuei?noue, oaeei
/eiii, i?iieco? an? nioe?aeuei? oa?e. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeyaey?
niaaeei?ii?noue eeane/ii? eiioeaioe?? ia?a?iaeueieo ni?eueiinoae
(C.O.Aie?ieiaa, ?.Ae.?a?ooaiyi, ?.A.Eaca??iiaa, I.Oa?/aiei).

Ae?oaa oaiaeaioe?y oa?aeoa?eco? ia?a?iaeueia ye noi?aeia ooai?aiiy, ui
c’yaey?oueny ia “ceai?” ii?iaoeaieo oa oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo? noni?euenoaa.
Eiioeaioe?y ia?a?iaeueiino? ei?aeth? c oai???th aiii?? A.Aeth?aaeia;
iiiyooy aiii?? iicia/a? aoaeue-ye? aeaee “ii?ooaiue” o
“oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeai?e” nenoai? noni?euenoaa. Na?aae aeaea?ae
ia?a?iae?caoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny oaeoi?e ae?iaie/i? ia?eoa??eiino?
(naciii? oa oei/ania? ?iaioe), ia?aaeuaiiy ?ici???a i?a?aoe??. O cii?
ia?a?iaeueii? iane aeae?eythoueny nioe?aeuei? a?oie, ui ciaoiaeyoueny ia
ia?eoa??? ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano, ae?oe “iai?ane?ioe”, “i?e?iaei?
ia?a?iaee” (ethaee, ia caeaoi? aei iiaii? ?ioaa?aoe?? c noni?euenoaii c
o?ce/ieo aai ineoieia?/ieo i?e/ei oa ?i.). A oeueiio ?ac? i?ae
ia?a?iaeii ne?ae ?icoi?oe, ianaiia?aae, iin?y aecia/aiiai eoeueoo?iiai
oeio ia oeyoo aei no?oeoo?iaaieo oi?i nioe?aeueiino? (?.I.Noa?eeia,
O.O.Ea??iia).

O?aoy oaiaeaioe?y ?ioa?i?aoo? ia?a?iaeuei?noue ia ??ai? aeooiaieo yaeu:
i?ino?? ia “iaaeao” eoeueoo? (O.Aaaeai, A.A.Oaieinueeee); iiaeaeue
ia?a?iaeueii? na?aeiiino? (I.Ooei, I.Oaea?aaaiae, O.O.Ea??iia);
ia?a?iaeuei? “oi?ie aeeooy”.

Aiae?coth/e ??ciiiai?oi? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ia?a?iaeueiiai ieoaiiy,
aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui o no/aniiio nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiio
ciaii? ia?a?iaeueia i?iaeaiaoeea ia? o?aaiaioa?iee oa?aeoa?, ine?eueee
i?aaenoaaieee ??cieo i?eaaoii-iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a aoaeoaaee naiino?ei?
eiioeaioe??, ia caaaeaee iaeaaeiei /eiii nie?ath/enue ia o?einionueea
?icoi?iiy oaiiiaia ia?a?iaeueiino?, a?oeeoethth/e eeoa ie?ai? eiai
aniaeoe. *anoi ia?a?iaeueia iaea?aeoaaei iaaaoeai? aai aacci?noiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, a?aeaoaaeinue “coaiae?iiy” ao?eaoo?a iiiyooy,
iai?eeeaae, oaeiai ye naiaiaea, ui aaei e aaaea aei noia?a/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o ieai? iiaeaeueoeo ia?niaeoea ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie.

Oiaeiaa oaeeaaiiy iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” ? nai?ioe/ii aeecueeeo
eiino?oeoe?e – “ia?a?iaeueia”, “ia?a?iae?caoe?y”, “ia?a?iae” oiui – a
aeane?eioeaiiio eiioaeno? aoiinioe?aeueieo i?ioean?a, a oaeiae iino?eia
a?oeeoeyoe?y neiii?i?a oa?i?ia, oaeeo ye “i?ii?aeiee”, “noi?aeiee”, “ui
noi?oue ia e?ath” noaee iaeieie c oaeoi??a aaia?ae?caoe?? aeaii?
eaoaai??? e aeei?enoaiiy ?? a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?aeoe/ii an?o iaaaoeaieo
yaeu nioe?aeueiiai aeeooy.

Iaeiae o oe?eiio no/ania oyaeaiiy i?i ia?a?iaeuei?noue, ?? i?e?iaeo,
iia?aoe?eiee neeaae noaei oe?oei oa iiai?oei. Aeey oai?aoe/iiai
canai?iiy yaeua nioe?ieoeueoo?iith aeoieith iaeiie/aii aeinoaoi?e
a?naiae cania?a, yeui ia aeey ae??oaiiy, oi aeey ei?aeoii? iinoaiiaee
i?iaeaie ia?a?iaeueiino?.

I?aaeiaoii oe??? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aen?inoa?a ia?a?iaeueiiai, ui
aea? ciiao ?ice?eoe ieoaiiy, ye? aein? ia aoei aena?oeaii o iaaeao
ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee, iicia/ath/e oei naiei ia?niaeoeai? e?i??
?icaeoeo a oe?e aaeoc?.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – nioe?ieoeueoo?ia ?aaeuei?noue.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy – aen?inoa?a ia?a?iaeueiiai.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e nooi?iue ?ic?iaeaiino?
i?iaeaie, ?? aeooaeuei?noue, ?acoeueoaoe no/aniiai o?einionueeiai
aiae?co, iniiaiith iaoith aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeya ?iaa??aio?a
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ae??oo?oueny oeyoii iine?aeiaiiai c’ynoaaiiy caaaeaiue:

eeaneo?eoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi?noue i?aeoiae?a aei aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiiiaia
ia?a?iaeueiino? oa iiaeaoe niaeo? ?nioth/eo aecia/aiue iiiyooy
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue” o no/aniiio nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiio ciaii?;

aecia/eoe iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”, aeae?eyth/e oae? ianooaai?
iiaeeo?eaoe?? o?einionueeiai iiiyooy “noa’?eo”: “noa’?eo-iniaeno?noue”
oa “noa’?eo-noni?euenoai”;

iieacaoe iaiao?aei?noue ci?ie ??aiy aano?aeoe?? ia?a?iaeueiiai noa’?eoa
c “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” ia “noa’?eo-noni?euenoai” c iaoith a?aeia?aceoe
o iiiyo?eiiio aia?ao? o?einio?? nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ia?a?iaeueiiai oaiiiaia;

iicia/eoe oaiiiaiieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” a?ae
eaoaai??e “aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y”, “e?eca” oa “ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae”;

iiaeaoe a?o?oaeoii?eo aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”
ia iniia? aiae?co aeno?aiaeueieo noaeoeueoo?;

aeaoe iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aaaaeaiiy eaoaai??e “niin?a
aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia”” oa “aioo??oi?e aeeneo?n
onoaiiae” (iai?oaioe?a?iiai oeio) ye eaoaai??e, ui iaea?eueo
a?aeiia?aeathoue oe?eyi ? caaea/ai aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aen?inoa?e
ia?a?iaeueiiai;

aeyaeoe ?iaa??aioe aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”,
aiae?coth/e oe?ii?niee aeeniiceoea, eiai ci?no, oi?io oa ooieoe??,
aeae?eeaoe o iueiio noa’?eo iiaea?i?caoe??, eiai aeaee, a oaeiae
oe?iiino?, ?o niaeo?.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?yeuei?niee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e (I.N.Eiaai, A.N.Naiaiia,
I.A.Oo?ianueeee); i?eioeeie “iiaoaiii? nioe?aeueii? ?iaeaia???”, aei
iniiaiiai eiea i?iaeai yei? aoiaeeoue oaeiae ? ?aoi?iaoe?y nioe?aeueieo
?inoeooo?a a oiiaao noni?euenoaa, ui ci?iththoueny (E.Iiiia?);
aaiaoe/ii-?noi?e/iee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e; nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae, ui i?eionea? ooieoe?iiaeueiee aiae?c o aeiaaeeao, eiee
i?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy ? ooieoe?iioth/a nenoaia, yeith ? aen?inoa?a
“noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”; neia?aaoe/ia iaoiaeieia?y, ui aaco?oueny ia
neioac? eeane/ii? oa iaeeane/ii? iaoiaeieia?/ieo onoaiiaie (?.I?eaiaeei,
N.I.Eo?aethiia, ?.I.Eiyc?aa); aeinyaiaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?einionueei?
aeoiee (I.Aaaa?, E.Ia?en, O.Ia?niin, I.Ni?ie?i, A.Oieia?); ae?aeaeoe/ia
eiioeaioe?y nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo.

Oaeei /eiii, aeaia ?iaioa aaco?oueny ia i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiio neioac?
nioe?aeueii? o?einio??, o?einio?? ?noi???, nioe?ieia??, eoeueoo?ieia??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o oiio, ui o
aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, yea ? iaei??th ?c ni?ia ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeiieo a
Oe?a?i? oa NIAe ?ia?o c ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee, ia?a?iaeuei?noue
?ioa?i?aoiaaii o nai?io iiaiio cia/aii? ye iiiyooy, ui ae?aaea?
ae?aeaeoeeo nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo; neiino?oeiaaii oai?aoe/io
iiaeaeue aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”; aeyaeaii
iniaeeaino? aeania o?einionueeiai i?aeoiaeo aei oaiiiaia
ia?a?iaeueiino?, ine?eueee aen?ieia?/iee aniaeo, yeee aoei aea?aii aeey
aiae?co ia?a?iaeueiino?, ye?ac ? ? o?einionueeei inieneaiiyi i?iaeaie. O
nai?io aen?ieia?/iiio ?icae?e?, a?eueoa i?ae o aoaeue-yeiio ?ioiio,
o?einio?y caeaoia iieacaoe naith aeeoo?ai-i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue aeey
no/aniiai noni?euenoaa e naith aa?enoe/i?noue o iia?e, ui oi?io?oueny,
iiaeae? aeeneo?no. Iciaee iiaecie ?acoeueoao?a, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno, i?noyoueny o oiio, ui:

— cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th iayaieo eiioeaioe?e oa ??cieo i?aeoiae?a i?e
aea/aii? ia?a?iaeueiino? o nioe?ieia??, ineoieia??, eoeueoo?ieia??,
aoiia?ao??, ui ia’?aeiai? iaoiaeieia?/iith iaiao?aei?noth o?einionueeiai
aecia/aiiy iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”. Aeyaeaii o ieo (eiioeaioe?yo
i?aeoiae?a) aacia? ci?noia? eiino?oeoe??, ui aeoeaioothoue aniaeoe,
iaeaaaeeea?o? i?e oi?ioaaii? nioe?aeueii-o?einionueeiai iiiyooy
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue”;

— iaa?oioiaaii ci?ie ??aiy aano?aeoe?? ia?a?iaeueiiai noa’?eoa c
“noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” ia “noa’?eo-noni?euenoai”. Oea ia?aaeaa/a?
iiaeieaiiy ineoieia?/ieo eiiiioaoe?e a eiai o?aeoiaoe? oa ?ice?eaa?
nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee;

cacia/aii oaiiiaiieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” a?ae
eaoaai??? “aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y” oa caaaeueia i?iaeaiia iiea o ?o
aea/aii?. Aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y – oea ia?aeeth/aiiy ia ?ioo oe?ii?nio
a?oio, ia?a?iaeuei?noue – oea iaeii/anii noai ieth?ae?cio oe?iiinoae ?
“aen?ieia?/iiai aaeooio”;

?icaeiooi a?o?oaeoii?eo aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”
o eiioaeno? aeno?aiaeueieo noaeoeueoo?. Oea aeicaieeei aeyaeoe nooi?nio
a?aei?ii?noue ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” a aen?ieia?/iiio
aniaeo? a?ae oyaeaiue, ?nioth/eo o nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia??. A
aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” cia/oueie ? naia o?
oe?iiino? – oe?iiino? a?aeiioaiiy, oooo?enoe/i?, aecenoaioe?aeuei?
oe?iiino? – ye? aeooae?cothoueny oa iaiiaiththoueny niaoeeo?/iei ci?noii
oeyoii a?aeoai?aiiy aen?ieia?/ii? oe?e?niino?;

— iiaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo o iaaeao ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee
“aioo??oiueiai aeeneo?no onoaiiae” iai?oaioe?a?iiai oeio. Oea aeiaaa?
inieneaiiy iai?oaioe?a?ii? onoaiiae ye nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo, ui ?
iaea?eueo yne?aaei ae?acii iaoai?ci?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy no/aniiai niiniao
aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia”;

— aecia/aii iiiyooy oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa ye oaeoi?a, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy aen?inoa?e, a?aoiaoth/e o?aaeeoe??
ca?oa?aeii? o?einionueei? aeoiee oa aeine?aeiee?a e?a?i NIAe, o
?icoi?ii? oe?ii?niiai a?aeiioaiiy, ye? eiinoeooeiaai? ae?aeaeoe/iith
oi?iith ca’yceo noa’?eoeaiiai oa ia’?eoeaiiai;

— aeyaeaii ?iaa??aioe aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai ia iniia? aiae?co
ci?noo, oi?ie oa ooieoe?e oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa aen?inoa?e
ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” ia aac? ?ethno?aoeaiiai iaoa??aeo
iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia.

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio,
ui ?? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o
oiae? iiaeaeueoiai oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy
oe?eiai ?yaeo aca?iica’ycaieo caaea/ aen?ieia?/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee.
I?aenoieiaa oyaeaiiy ia?a?iaeueiino? aeicaieeoue ?ice?eoe
nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia?a?iaeueiiai oaiiiaia ? aeiaaa?
ia?ainieneaiiy aeaieo ineoieia?? oa nioe?ieia??.

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e c’ynoaaii? oai?aoe/ieo iniia
o?einionueei? oai??? oe?iiinoae i?e ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeaiii i?io?eath/iai
o e?a?iao NIAe ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaei??? nenoaie oe?iiinoae aei ae?oai?,
eiinoeooth/e iiaee ci?no ? iiao no?oeoo?o oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino?.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe?
caaaeueieo oa niaoe?aeueieo i?ia?ai, i?aeaioiaoe? eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a oa
iaoiaee/ieo iaoa??ae?a c o?einio??, nioe?aeueii? o?einio??, nioe?ieia??
oa eoeueoo?ieia??, o ?iaio? iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. An? i?eioeeiia? ?aea? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaeaaeaoue iniaenoi caeiaoaa/o. Aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeeeaaeai? a i’yoe
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?ice?eoi o
aenooiao ia I?aeia?iaeieo Neiai?iaeeinueeeo /eoaiiyo “Eoeueoo?a o
o?einio?? XX noie?ooy” (Oa?e?a, 1997), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i.
A.N.Neiai?iaee “ Eiioe?eoe ? eoeueoo?a: ??ciiiai?ooy ?o i?iya?a”
(Oa?e?a, 1997), i?aeaoc?anuee?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?einio?y aeaeeaaiiy o
nenoai? caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae” (Oa?e?a, 1996),
i?aeaoc?anueeiio iaoeiai-iaoiaeieia?/iiio nai?ia?? “Iia? nioe?aeuei?
oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeui? oeiee” (Oa?e?a,1998), a oaeiae
ia iaoiaeieia?/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae?? o?einio?? Aea?aeaaiiai
aa?ieini?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i’yoe noaooyo,
oacao ? aenooiao.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?ciaai? e iaea?aeaee
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e ae?yeueiino? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?
/eoaii? eaeoe?e oa i?iaaaeaii? i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c o?einio?? oa
eoeueoo?ieia?? ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? Aea?aeaaiiai aa?ieini?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.?.AEoeianueeiai “OA?”.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaoiiaeaia iaoith e
caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, ye? i?noyoue n?i i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe neeaaea? 178 noi??iie,
ia?ae?e aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia? 150 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? aeey aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii nooi?iue ?? ?ic?iaeaiino?,
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa caaea/? ?iaioe, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio, a
oaeiae i?aeoe/io e oai?aoe/io cia/ou?noue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Iiiyooy ia?a?iaeuei?noue” o i?inoi?? iayaieo
aecia/aiue” ?icaeyiooi no/aniee noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie,
iaiao?aei?noue ? oeyoe ?? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo. Aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui
oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth oaie ? ?? oai?aoe/ia ia?ic?iaeai?noue,
ine?eueee iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” o aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?ciaaaeueieo
i?ioean?a i?iaeiaaeo? o?aeooaaoenue iaoo?ae?noe/ii – aoiinioe?ieia?/ii
aai nioe?iineoieia?/ii, – ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoeeaiiy eaoaai???
ia?a?iaeueiino? c? niaeo?a aeao?i?oe?e ? ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy nai?o iieiaeaiue aaoi? aeena?oaoe??, aiae?coth/e
??ci? i?aeoiaee aei aea/aiiy ia?a?iaeueiino?, aaaaea? iaiao?aeiei
aeae?eeoe oae? iniiai? iai?yiee:

— eeane/io eiioeaioe?th ia?a?iaeueiino? *eeacueei? oeiee nioe?ieia?? oa
aa??aioe ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue” o aeina?ae?
o?einio??;

— iai?aoethaaiiy aeine?aeiee?a e?a?i NIAe ? ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee o
aaeoc? ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? ? aen?ieia?/i? i?aenoaae
ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee” ?icaeyiooi cia/aiiy oa?i?ia
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue”, ye? eiinoeooeiaaii ia o?ueio aieiaieo ci?noiaeo
??aiyo:

— ia nioe?ieia?/iiio – ye i?ii?aei?noue noaiiaeua ?iaeea?aea a?aeiinii
aoaeue-yeeo nioe?aeueieo ni?eueiinoae;

— ia ineoieia?/iiio – ye noeoii?noue niaoeeo?/ieo oi?i aioo??oiueiai oa
ciai?oiueiai eiioe?eo?a o iniaenoino?, yea iieieeanue o ia?a?iaeueieo
oiiaao;

— ia eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio – ye iiaeaeue ia?a?iaeueii? na?aeiiino?, oiaoi
ye oei ieneaiiy, oa?aeoa?iee aeey noa’?eoa ( o aoaeue-yeeo eiai
iiaeeo?eaoe?yo), iacaeaoiiai aei ?iei?ii?aoe?? aei nenoaie oe?iiinoae
nioe?oio.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui no/ania oyaeaiiy i?i ia?a?iaeuei?noue noaei aaaaooei
? iiai?oei, aea ia iiaeia ia aeacaoe ia eiioeaiooaeueio iaaecia/ai?noue
o canoinoaaii? aeaiiai iiiyooy o i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiio i?inoi??.

Aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue ye?niiai ?ioaa?aeueiiai aecia/aiiy
ia?a?iaeueiino?, ui iaaoaa? noaoono caaaeueiieoeueoo?ii? i?iaeaie, oei
a?eueoa, ui i?aeoeea no/aniiai aeeooy aeicaiey? ?icaeyiooe ia’?eo
o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? o ?aaeueieo oiiaao eiai ?icaeoeo.

Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a ae??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie (a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy iiai?
no?oeoo?e oa ci?noo oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino?) aaoi? aaaaea? i?iaaaeaiiy
oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co aen?ieia?/ieo iniia ia?a?iaeueiino?. Aen?ieia?/iee
aniaeo aeicaiey? nenoaiaoecoaaoe caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? oa o?einionuee?
i?aenoaae i?iyao nioe?aeueii? ?aaeueiino?.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e, aaoi?
aeae?ey? ye aeo?aeio aeeniiceoe?th o aecia/aii? oe?iiino? aeeniiceoe?th
“noa’?eo – ia’?eo”, o ?icoi?ii? ae?yeueiino? oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy
ae?eniino? – iiiceoe?th “o?aaeeoe??-?iiiaaoe??”.

Aeena?oaio, a?aoiaoth/e oai?aoe/ia canai?iiy ia?a?iaeueiino? o
nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiio ciaii?, i?iiiio? aecia/aiiy ia?a?iaeueiino? a ??
iiaiio cia/aii? ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai oaiiiaia: ia?a?iaeuei?noue – yaeua
aai noeoii?noue yaeu, ui ?icai?oathoueny a oiiaao ?iciaaeo ieioei?
aen?inoa?e – oe?eieoii?noue oe?iiinoae, ui caeiiii??ii neeaeanue o
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu?, – c ao?aoith a?ae/oooy eiiie?iaioa?iino?
ye aei caaeaiiai (aai, oi/i?oa, aei oiai ui caaea?) ??aiy oe?ii?nii?
???a?o??, oae ? aei aen?iiiceoe?e ieioeiai, ? iaeii/anii a oiiaao
oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo oe?iiinoae ia an?o ??aiyo aen?inoa?e.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Eeane/ia eiioeaioe?y ia?a?iaeueiino? *eeacueei?
oeiee nioe?ieia?? oa aa??aioe ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e iiiyooy “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”
o aeina?ae? o?einio??” iiaeaii ei?ioeee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee iaeyae
iioiaeaeaiiy oa?i?ia “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”, ioa?aeoa?eciaaii
aoiinioe?aeueiee oa eoeueoo?ieia?/iee aniaeoe ia?a?iaeueii?
i?iaeaiaoeee, aeacaii ia o?einionueea oeoia/aiiy oa?i?ia (iiee, ia
aeaeue, a?aenooi? o a?o/eciyieo oaenoao ye uinue naiino?eia).

Aaoi? coieiy? oaaao ia ?noioieo, ia eiai iiaeyae, iieiaeaiiyo oai???
ia?a?iaeueieo ethaeae oa ia?a?iaeueieo ni?eueiinoae, aenoiooi? ?.Ia?eii
o 20-o ?ieao iaoiai noie?ooy. Iniiaiee ci?no oeeo iieiaeaiue iieyaa? o
oiio, ui ?.Ia?e oa eiai i?eoeeueieee (A.Noioiea?no, O.A?aoi, ?.A.?aeoa?)
o ni?iaao ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iiaee oei iniaenoino?, ui oi?io?oueny ia
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ??ai? aeiaaeueiiai nioe?aeueii-aoi?/iiai i?ioeano
aca?iiae?? eoeueoo?, i?eeoee aei oaeiai aeniiaeo: a iniia?
??ciiiai?oiino? a?eueieo i?iya?a iniaenoino? eaaeeoue ca?eueiaiiy a?ae
o?aaeeoe?e, a iaea?eueo a?eueiee oei iniaenoino? – ia?a?iaeueia
ethaeeia, ia ca’ycaia oe?eeii c aeiaeiei c aeae?a o?aaeeoe?e; o?aaeeoe??
oa ii?aeuei? ii?ie ? iniiaieie iaiaaeieeaie naiaiaee naiiae?aaeaiiy.

Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? o ?icae?e? nioe?aeueiee oa eoeueoo?ieia?/iee aniaeoe
ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee caeeaee, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, oai?aoe/io iniiao
oa aeoeaiooaaee iaiao?aei?noue o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? ia?a?iaeueiiai
oaiiiaia. O?einionueea ieneaiiy aeinyaei ?icoi?iiy ia?a?iaeueiiai
ieoaiiy, yea aoei ?icaeyiooi o aca?iica’yceo c iiiyooyie a?ae/oaeaiiy,
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, naiaiaee, aeai?o, ?aeaieia??, o ca’yceo c?
niaoeeo?eith ethaenueei? ?noi???, ??cieo oei?a nioe?aeueiino? oa ?i. O
o?einio?? aeei?enoiao?oueny oa?i?i “ia?a?iae?ci”, yeee iicia/a?
caaaeueio iacao ?yaeo iai?yi?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny, ia i?ioeaaao
iaioth/?e o?einionuee?e o?aaeeoe??. I?ioa o o?einionueeeo oaenoao
aaeeaaeenue (? aaeeaathoueny) noi?aei? ca ci?noii oa?i?ie: a?ae/oaeaiiy,
ethiiai?caoe?y, ooii?/ia ieneaiiy, e?eca oa ?i. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa,
ui ?iaioo uiaei iiaoaeiae iiaeae? iiiyooy ia oai?aoe/i?e aac? ua ia
cae?i/aii.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? “Iai?aoethaaiiy aeine?aeiee?a e?a?i NIAe oa
ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee o aaeoc? ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee” iiaeaii
iaeyae iai?aoethaaiue aeine?aeiee?a e?a?i NIAe o eiioeaiooaeueiiio
i?inoi?? nioe?iaoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy; iicia/aii ia?niaeoeai? e?i??
?icaeoeo ia?a?iaeueiiai ieoaiiy; aeae?eaii iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? o
eiioaeno? iayaieo o?aeoiaie oa?i?ia “ia?a?iaeuei?noue”, i?aaenoaaeaii
o?e iniiai? oi?ie ?nioaaiiy ia?a?iaeueiino?, ui i?enooi? o
i?aeaeenoeeie?ia?iiio eiioaeno?.

Aaoi? aeae?ey? iiceoeai? iiiaioe o aeine?aeaeaii? ia?a?iaeueiiai ieoaiiy
o?einionueei-eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai oeoia/aiiy, iai?eeeaae, i???ioaoe?y ia
ia?aai?aiiy o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?aaeeaie nioe?ieia?/iiai ieneaiiy, oiaoi
ciyooy aoi?/ii? eiiiioaoe?? – ca niiniaii naiii?aai?caoe??, ia?a?iae ia
no?eueee “oa?eoi??aeueiee”, ne?eueee nioe?ieoeueoo?iee oaiiiai; a oaeiae
?icaeoie ?aea? oyaeaiiy ia?a?iaeueiino? ye “aaiethoe?eii? oi?aa?nae??” o
nenoai? ii?iaoeaieo oa oe?ii?nieo no?oeoo? noni?euenoaa oa ?i.

Iaa?oioiaoth/e caa?iaiiy aei aioo??oiueiai aeeneo?no onoaiia
iai?oaioe?a?iiai oeio, aaoi? i?eioneaa, ui oe?iiino? ia’?eoeaothoueny a
on?o noni?eueieo ?inoeoooao oa yaeuao. Naia o oaeiio eiioaeno?
?icaeyaeathoueny ii?aeuei? i???ioaoe?? oa iinoaiiae, ui naieoe?iiothoue
nenoaie iiea?aiiy ye a?aeia?aaeaiiy aeooo noni?euenoaa, ?aeaeiiai eiai
ci?noo (ianoaiiae, ?aeaaee oa ?i.). O oie iiiaio, eiee noni?euenoai,
caoe?eaaeaia o naiicaa?aaeaii?, aiaeth? aei iaiao?aeiino? ?aoi?i,
ao?eth?oueny iiaa nenoaia naieoe?e, yea aeoeneo? caeeo? ia iiia?aaei?o
aoaiao aaiethoe?? oe?iiino? oa ii?ie. O ia?a?iaeuei? ia??iaee, eiee
oe?iiino? ieioeiai ao?a/athoue nain, a iia? iino?eii aeieothoueny,
iaiao?aeii caa?oaoenue aei aeina?aeo aeanii? ?noi???, aei ie?aieo ??
o?aaiaio?a ? neeaaeiaeo, ye? ?ice?eaaee a caeiiii??iino? oaiaeaioe?e
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy oa aeacoaaee ia /eiieee, ui ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Aen?ieia?/iee ii?o?ao ia?a?iaeueiiai
“noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” iicia/aii oaiiiaiieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? iiiyooy
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue” a?ae eaoaai??e “aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y”,
“ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae”, “e?eca”, a oaeiae nooi?nio a?aei?ii?noue
ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” a aoeei-aen?ieia?/iiio aniaeo?
a?ae oeoia/aiue o nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia??.

Aaoi? aeae?ey? noeoii?noue ia?a?iaeueieo iciae, ye? ?ioaa?othoueny a
oiiaao aen?ieia?/ii? aeeaa?aaioe?? ? ae?i?iothoueny a aen?inoa??
noaa?eueiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ooai?aiiy, oiaoi i?e aen?ieia?/i?e
“?aaaia?aoe??”.

A?o?oaeoii?eo aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”
i?aaenoaaeaii a iien? i?ioeano oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy ae?eniino?.

?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Ia?a?iaeuei?noue a ioe?ioe? no/anii? neooaoe??.
Oaiiiaiieia?/i? a?aei?iiino? ia?a?iaeueiiai ? aeno?aiaeueiiai” aaoi?
ei?ioei coieiy?oueny ia iciaeao, ui a?ae??ciythoue oaiiiai
ia?a?iaeueiino? a?ae oaeeo nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo yaeu, ye ia?ao?aeiee
ia??iae ? e?eca, cacia/ath/e, ui ?ic??ciaiiy oeeo yaeu ? ia o?eueee
oe?eaaei, aea e iaoiaeieia?/ii ia?niaeoeaiei. Aaoi? c’yniao? oeth
a?aei?ii?noue, yea, ia eiai aeoieo, iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia?a?iaeuei?noue
? e?eca aeeoa?aioe?eiaai? ca ni?eeiyooyi, “aii??e/iith na?aeii?noth”.
A?ae/oaaiiy e?ece – iniaeeaa iiaeaeue, aiii ?ao?iniaeoeaii i???ioiaaia
e, e??i oiai, ne?ae caaaeaoe ia oaeo ca/a?iaaiino? ia?acaie e?ece,
eoeueoo?iiai eaoano?io?cio. A?ae/oaaiiy ia?a?iaeueiino? – ia?niaeoeaia,
ia?a?iaeuei?noue aeoeaioo? naaa o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu? ye
iioaioe?eio iiaeeea?noue.

Iacaaii oa i?ieiiaioiaaii o? aeo?aei? ia?a?iaeuei? iciaee, ia iniia?
yeeo ia?a?iaeuei?noue ?ioa?i?aoo?oueny ye neooaoe?y ieth?ae?cio oa
“a?aie/ii aeinyaeiee iaeneioi” ia?aaaa a iniiaao aen?ieia?/ieo,
aiinaieia?/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo, a ?o a?euei?e eiieo?aioe?? i?e ciyoo?
?aeaieia?/ii? oa aeeneo?neaii? eiiiioaoe?e.

Iio?i aaoi? ia?aoiaeeoue aei iniiaii? iaoe ?icae?eo, aea ?iaeoue aeoeaio
naia ia oaiiiaiieia?/ieo a?aei?iiinoyo ia?a?iaeueiiai oa
aeno?aiaeueiiai. Aaoi? aaaaea?, ui oae? i?eioeeiiai ??ci? eaoaai??? ye
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue” oa “aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y” iaeia/a ii??aiyii?.
Ia?a?iaeueia neooaoe?y oa aoe/ii iaaaioaaeaia aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y
aea/athoueny o ca’yceo c i?iaeaiaie nioe?ae?caoe??, aaeaioaoe??,
aen?ieia?/iiai aeai?o, ye? ooai?ththoue caaaeueia i?iaeaiia iiea. I?ioa
oeei ?o noiae?noue ae/a?io?oueny. Aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y c? nai?i
niaoeeo?/iei iaai?ii oe?iiinoae ?ice?eaa? ??ciiiai?oi?noue na?oo
oe?iiinoae, iiynith?, ye? oe?ie? eiai iaae? oa aenooia? aeueoa?iaoeaith
?ioei aeeoo?aei neooaoe?yi. Oiaoi aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y – oea
ia?aeeth/aiiy ia ?ioo oe?ii?nio a?oio (/a?ac iaai? ianoaaeie), yea
caeaoia iaaeaoe ?iaeea?aeo iiaeeea?noue ?aae?caoe?? oe?iiinoae o
eiie?aoi?e neooaoe??, ui neeaeany, oa ae??oeoe ??. Ia?a?iaeuei?noue –
oea iaeii/anii noai ieth?ae?cio oe?iiinoae ? “aen?ieia?/iiai aaeooio”,
ui aeiaaa? caiiaiaiiy inoaiiueiai oeyoii iiooeo iiaeo noaiaea?o?a oa
ae?iaeaiiy iiaeo noa?aioei?a a aen?ieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?. I?aeaiaey/e
iaai? i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aaoi? eiinoaoo?, ui ?iaa??aioii
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai aenooia? aeno?aiaeueia neooaoe?y ii?aeueii?
niaoeeo?ee – “aecenoaioe?aeueiee aaeooi” – a aaoi?nuee?e ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
oea ao?aoa aen?ieia?/ii? oe?e?niino?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “A?o?oaeoii?ea aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai
“noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” iniiaia caaaeaiiy aaoi? oaa/a? o oiio, uia
aeyaeoe aeaee oe?iiinoae oa iieacaoe, /iio naia aiie ooai?ththoue
aen?inoa?o ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”.

Ia oea ieoaiiy aaoi? iaiaaa?oueny a?aeiia?noe, aeei?enoiaoth/e
oai?aoe/iee iaoa??ae aeno?aiaeueieo noaeoeueoo?, oiaoi noaeoeueoo? ia
??ai? nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a i?eioniaiai oa?aeoa?o ?ioaa?aoe??.
Nii/aoeo aaoi? aenie?eo? iiiyooy “noaeoeueoo?a”, ia ie?aneaia ye aeania
o?einionueea eaoaai??y o aeina?ae? o?einio??, aea aeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaia
a aoiia?ao??, eoeueoo?ieia?? ? iniaeeai o nioe?ieia??. Aiae?c
oai?aoe/ii? /anoeie i?iaeaie aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe oaco i?i oa, ui
ci?no iiiyooy “noaeoeueoo?a” (ia?oueny ia oaac? noaeoeueoo?e o iaaeao
iaei??? ?noi?e/ii? aeie?) ooai?th?oueny noeoii?noth ianooiieo iciae:
oa?aeoa? aioeoace “nai?-/oae?” – aa?aneaiee / eiiie?iaioa?iee, oa?aeoa?
na?oiaeyaeii? i???ioaoe?? – eiiaaioe?iiaeueiee / iaeiiaaioe?iiaeueiee;
oa?aeoa? ?ioaa?aoe?? – ia iniia? aeia?ia?eueieo anioe?aoe?e / ia iniia?
i?eiono; oa?aeoa? noaoono – oi?iaeueiee / iaoi?iaeueiee.

Aeno?aiaeueia noaeoeueoo?a aenooia? aaciaith eaoaai???th aeaiiai
?icae?eo oa ? o??th iniiaith, ia ye?e aaoi? iine?aeiaii ?icai?oa? aiae?c
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”.

Aea?? aeno?aiaeueii? noaeoeueoo?e coiiaeaii oei, ui a ?? oiiaao
eoeueoo?ia naii?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ?iaeea?aea ia iiaea aooe oe?e?niith ?
iaeiicia/iith, ine?eueee ao?aoo aen?ieia?/ii? oe?e?niino? coiiaeaii
niaoeeo?eith naii? noaeoeueoo?e.

Noi?ioeueiaai? o eiioaeno? aiae?co aeno?aiaeueieo noaeoeueoo? aeniiaee
iiaeooue iaoe i?eeeaaeia canoinoaaiiy oa cia/aiiy oai?aoe/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, cie?aia, aeey oaeeo oe?eae: ?icaeyaeaiiy aeno?aiaeueieo
noaeoeueoo? o na?oe? ?aeiino?oeoe?? nioe?aeueieo ooai?aiue, a oaeiae
aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aoeee aeno?aiaeueieo neooaoe?e.

Aaoi?ii aeae?eaii oe?iiino? e o? aeaee ae?yeueiino? oe?ii?niiai
inieneaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue aeooiaio iioeaaoe?th iiaaae?ieiaeo aeo?a
ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”. Oea – no?aoaa?/iee aeae
ae?yeueiino?, ui oa?aeoa?eco? niaoeeo?/i?noue oe?ii?nii? i???ioaoe??,
aea ?aae?cothoueny oe?iiino? a?aeiioaiiy; oai?/ee aeo oooo?enoe/ieo
oe?iiinoae, ye? ca’ycai? c iiaeaethaaiiyi iaeaooiueiai ye ia’?eoa
oe?iiinoae ? i?iia?aco naiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”, yeei a?i naaa
aa/eoue; aecenoaioe?aeueia ae?yeuei?noue, o i?inoi?? yei?
aeooae?cothoueny aecenoaioe?aeuei? oe?iiino?, cae?eniththoueny iiooe ?
oi?ioaaiiy naino aeeooy ia iniia? naiina?aeiiino? oa aeooiaii? i?aeoeee
ia?aoai?aiiy ethaeeiith naii? naaa.

Oaeei /eiii, neeaaea?oueny oyaa i?i a?o?oaeoii?eo aen?inoa?e
ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”, ni?aa?aeiinii? c aen?inoa?ith
iaia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”. I?ioa yeui o nenoai?
inoaiiueiai iiaeeeaa ?ioa no?oeoo?a aen?inoa?e, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
oa?aeoa?ii aeaoa?i?iaoe?? ioe?ithaaieo noa? ?aaeueiiai aoooy e
ooaeiaeiueiai aeieneo (anoaoe/i?, ooaeiaei? oe?iiino? oa ?i.), oi aeey
ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” aiia (?ioa aen?inoa?a)
a?aeie?aieaia, a?ae/oaeaia a?ae iueiai. A aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai
“noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” cia/oueie, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ? naia aeae?eai? iei
oe?iiino?, ye? aeooae?cothoueny oa iaiiaiththoueny niaoeeo?/iei ci?noii
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?iia?aoeaii aeooiaii? ae?yeueiino? – i?aaiaiiyi aei
ci?noo oeyoii a?aeoai?aiiy aen?ieia?/ii? oe?e?niino?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aen?ieia?/i? ?iaa??aioe ia?a?iaeueiiai”
ocaaaeueiaii ?iaa??aioe aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai
“noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”, ui iaea?aeai? ia aac? i?ii?aeieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa aeyaeaii iia? ?iaa??aioe; iieacaii iaiao?aei?noue
ci?ie ??aiy aano?aeoe?? ia?a?iaeueiiai noa’?eoa; a?aeoai?aii iniiai?
iiiaioe, ye? aecia/athoue nooi?niee ci?no oaiiiaia ia?a?iaeueiino?.

?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c aeaio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “I?noea oa ?ieue niiniao aca?iiae??
“nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia” a aen?inoa?? “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”
aaoi? iaa?oioiao? oaco i?i iiaeeea?noue eiino?othaaiiy aano?aeoii?
iiaeae?, yea a?aeoai?th? oai?aoe/io no?oeoo?o ia?a?iaeueiino? a?aeiinii
noaa?eueiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ooai?aiiy ca aen?ieia?/ieie e?eoa??yie,
oeyoii aiae?co oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”.

Ci?no ? oi?ia oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa aecia/a?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,
niin?a aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia”, ine?eueee inoaii?e
ioi?ieth? (a?aeiia?aeii c iaaiei oeiii ieneaiiy oa noni?eueiith aeoieith
i?i ??ci? nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oaiiiaie) on? aeaee ae?yeueiino?
“noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”: i?ciaiiy, i?aeoeeo, ooaeiaeith oai?/?noue,
oe?ii?nia inieneaiiy ae?eniino?.

Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy nai?o oaa?aeaeaiue aaoi? aiae?co? niin?a aca?iiae??
“nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia” e nooi?niee eiai eiiiiiaio – aioo??oi?e
aeeneo?n onoaiiae – o eiioaeno? aiioe I?ina?oieoeoaa ai, nie?ath/enue ia
aeinyaiaiiy nioe?aeueii-o?einionueei? aeoiee (O.I?oaaa-?-Aannao,
?.Aaa?ae?i?, I.Ooei), aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui no/aniee niin?a
aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia” ? oaeei, yeei a?i inoaoi/ii
noi?ioaaany o aeaa’yoiaaeoeyoiio noie?oo?.

Niin?a aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia” aecia/aii ye iino?eio
oaiaoecaoe?th oa ?i?oe?thaaiiy cania?a aoaethaaiiy i?ioe??/ i?ae
oe?iiinoyie aeaeea?iaaieie oa ?aae?ciaaieie. Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo (aiaethth/e aei ?ia?o I.Ooei), ui iaea?eueo yne?aaei
ae?aaeaiiyi iaoai?ci?a, ye? caaacia/othoue ooieoe?iioaaiiy no/aniiai
niiniao aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia”, ? iai?oaioe?a?ia
onoaiiaa ye nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo. Aaoi? aeyaey? oaeoi?e, ui niiioeaee
iaai? nioe?aeuei? a?oie e?ioey aeaa’yoiaaeoeyoiai noie?ooy aei
noaeiai-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ia?aoai?aiue, a oaeiae oaeoi?e, caaaeyee yeei
iniiaia ?aeay i?ina?oieoeueeiai i?iaeoo E?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa ia ciiaea
caa?aaoe naiioioiaei?noue ? aeyaeeanue ni?iiiaeiith o?eueee aei
a?aeoai?aiiy ana iiaeo ? iiaeo cania?a aoaethaaiiy i?ioe??/ i?ae
aeaeea?iaaiei oa ?aae?ciaoaaiei.

Aaoi? aeyaey? aeaea?aea eaoaai??aeueii? neee aen?ieia?/ieo iiceoe?e o
noni?euenoa?, caeiie ci?ie oaiaeaioe?e aen?ieia?/ii? i???ioaoe??,
iieacoth/e, ui iaioth/? aen?ieia?/i? iiaeyaee ia niiioaii?, a
i?aeei?ythoueny iaaiei caeiiii??iinoyi.

Aen?iaaiac o ia?a?iaeueieo oiiaao, iaeii/anii coiiaeaiee oa
coiiaethth/ee niin?a aca?iiae?? “nioe?aeueia-?iaeea?aeoaeueia”,
?icai?oa?oueny o i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy ??cieo oai?aoe/ieo aeeneo?n?a
iiaaoi??a-eiina?aaoi??a, ia?aaeiaeo iniaenoinoae –ian.

Oe?ieee ?ethno?aoeaiee iaoa??ae, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iiaeiai a?aoiaiooaaoe

oae? ?iaa??aioe: ia?aa?n?y* iiaooiaiai, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ia an?
noa?e ae?yeueiino? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”, oa
aeeneo?neaio “ia??aiii?aai?noue”, a oaeiae oaeee oei ae?yeueiino?
oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy ae?eniino?, yeee aoei iacaaii i?i?i/ith
ae?yeuei?noth.

A aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” ia aoai? aiae?co
niiniao aca?iiae?? oa eiai ?ie? a aen?inoa?? “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”
aoei aeyaeaii ianooii? ?iaa??aioe: e?eoeea cania?a aoaethaaiiy i?ioe??/
i?ae oe?iiinoyie, ui aeaeea?othoueny oa oeie, ui ?aae?cothoueny ?,
iaeii/anii, oaiaoecaoe?y iiaeo cania?a; noeo?ei?noue iiaeaeae aeeneo?no,
ui neeaaeathoueny; ia?aa?n?y nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo oi?i; aeeneo?neaia
“ia??aiii?aai?noue”.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? “Oe?ii?niee aeeniiceoea a oiiaao ia?a?iaeueii?
oii?ee” aaoi? caa?oa?oueny aei aeyaeaiiy neeaaeo oe?iiinoae, c yeeo
ii/eia?oueny i?ioean ia?a?iae?caoe?? oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa.

“Noa’?eo-noni?euenoai” a aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai i?aaenoaaeaii ye
noa’?eo iiaea?i?caoe??, oiaoi neia?ic iai?aii? ae?oe, aeno?aeii?
nioe?aeueii? a?oie (eeano), a oaeiae aa?noa, ui ?? i?aeo?eiothoue, oa
?ioaeaeooae?a. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ??ciiaeaeaie noa’?eoa iiaea?i?caoe??
aeae?eaii oi?ie eiai ae?yeueiino?; ioa?aeoa?eciaaii ci?no, oi?io,
ooieoe?? oa ???a?o?/io no?oeoo?o oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa, ci?no yeiai –
?aeaaeia?/ia (a?ae ?aeaae), a aiioe?eia oi?ia ia? aecenoaioe?aeueiee
oa?aeoa?. Ooieoe?y oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa a aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai
iieyaa? o iiooeo ae?aeaeoe/iiai niieo/aiiy aaniethoiiai oa a?aeiiniiai,
no?eeiai oa i?ieeaiai, ?iaa??aioiiai oa aa??aaaeueiiai. Niaeo?
oe?iiinoae: aecenoaioe?aeuei? (oe?iiino?, ca’ycai? c iiooeii oa
?aoeaen??th ci?noo aeeooy); oooo?enoe/i? (oe?iiino? “iio??aiiai
iaeaooiueiai”); “inaaaeinae?aeuei?” (oe?iiino? “aoooy ii?yaeeo”);
a?aeiioaiiy (oa?aeoa?ecothoue oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? noa’?eoa o
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio na?aaeiaeu?); iiaea?i?caoe?? (oe?iiino?, ye?
?i?oe?eiaaii nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie i?ioeanaie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
i?aeneeaiiyi niaoe?ae?caoe?? oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?aoe?, oi?ioaaiiyi
iie?oe/ieo ?inoeooo?a no/aniiai oeio, a?aee?eoith na?oeo?eaoe?eiith
nenoaiith oa ?i.).

Oaeei /eiii, i?e ?icaeyaeaii? oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa aaoi?ii aeae?eaii
a aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”:

— noa’?eo aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai – noa’?eo iiaea?i?caoe??;

— oi?ie ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa iiaea?i?caoe??;

— oe?iiino?;

— aen?ieia?/i? ?iaa??aioe.

_______________________

* a?ae perversion (aiae.) – ia?ae?o/aiiy, a?aeoeeaiiy, cai/aiiy.

O oiae? aaoi?nueei? nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai oaiiiaia ia?a?iaeueiino? aoei aeae?eaii o aeaeyae?
aeayeeo iiiceoe?e aeaa iiaeone, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oa oi?iothoue
aen?inoa?o ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”.

AENIIAEE

O aeniiaeao aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaaii ocaaaeueithth/? i?aenoiee,
aeoeaioiaaii cia/ou?noue ?ic?iaee iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a
ia?a?iaeueiiai ieoaiiy; a?aei?/aii aaaeeea?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia?a?iaeueiiai oaiiiaia a oiiaao eiinoeoothaaiiy iiai? no?oeoo?e oa
ci?noo oe?ii?nii? na?aeiiino?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiie?aoeciaai? a ianooiieo
aeniiaeao:

I?aenoieiaa oyaeaiiy (c o?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui ca aeo?aeiee i?eioeei
?icoi?iiy ae?yeueiino? oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa”
acyoi iiiceoe?th “o?aaeeoe??-eiiiaaoe??” iieyaa? o oiio, ui iiiyooy
“ia?a?iaeuei?noue” aeneiaeth? ae?aeaeoeeo ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e ye
caia?a/aiiy iaei??? (noa?i?) oa naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy ?ioi? (iiai?) nenoaie
niinia?a ?aae?caoe?? oe?iiinoae ? oi?i ?o iiaeaiiy o nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e
?aaeueiino?.

2. A?o?oaeoii?eo aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?”
iiaeaii ia iniia? aiae?co ae?yeueiino? oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy ae?eniino?
o eiioaeno? aeno?aiaeueieo noaeoeueoo?, c aeyaeaiiyi nooo?ai?
a?aei?iiino? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-iniaenoino?” a?ae oyaeaiue,
?nioth/eo o nioe?ieia?? oa ineoieia??.

3. Aen?inoa?o ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” aeine?aeaeaii ia
iniia? aaaaeaii? o ?iaioo eaoaai??? oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa ye nenoaie
noa’?eoii-ia’?eoieo a?aeiioaiue. I?e aenie?eaoe?? iiiyooy “oe?ii?niee
aeeniiceoea” a?aoiaaii iai?aoethaaiiy i?aaenoaaiee?a ae?yeuei?niiai
i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e. Aeyaeaii, ui ci?no oe?ii?niiai
aeeniiceoeaa ia?a?iaeueiiai – ?aeaaeia?/iee (a?ae ?aeaae), ine?eueee
iiaa eaea i?i iiaeaethaaiiy ?aaeueiino? o nenoai? iiiyo?eieo
eiino?oeoe?e, ui iaaeaoaeiaothoueny iaae iianyeaeaiiei oyaeaiiyi i?i
na?o. Aiioe?eia oi?ia oe?ii?niiai aeeniiceoeaa ia? aecenoaioe?aeueiee
oa?aeoa?.

4. A aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” aeae?eaii noa’?eo
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai – noa’?eo iiaea?i?caoe??, eiai oeie; oi?ie
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa iiaea?i?caoe??, ?? aeaee; oe?iiino?, ?o niaeo?;
aen?ieia?/i? ?iaa??aioe.

5. Nooi?niee ci?no ia?a?iaeueiiai aecia/aii oaeeie iiiaioaie:

1) ia?a?iaeuei?noue ia ? iiaia a?aenooi?noue oe?iiinoae aai ?o
ioi?ieaiiy, eiee noa?? oe?iiino? (a oi/i?oa caniae oa oi?ie ?o ao?eaiiy)
iioiioee a o aooo? oa ia?anoaee cayaeyoe i?i naaa o aaciina?aaei?e
oi?i?; 2) aaciina?aaeiueith ?ioaioe??th oa aioo??oi?i ci?noii
ia?a?iaeueiiai ? iiaea?i?caoe?y; 3) ae?aeaeoe/ia aeanoea?noue
ia?a?iaeueiiai i?noeoueny o i?eoaiaii?e ?e naiaiae? aeai?o, o oiio, ui
?aaeuei?noue ia?a?iaeueiiai ? iioaioe?eia iiaeeea?noue; 4)
ia?a?iaeuei?noue ye aen?ieia?/ia aeeaa?aaioe?y – ieioei? aen?inoa?e ye
oe?eieoiiino? oe?iiinoae c ao?aoith a?ae/oooy eiiie?iaioa?iino? ye aei
caaeaiiai ??aiy oe?ii?nii? ???a?o??, oae ? aei oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
ieioeiai, – ?icai?oa?oueny a oiiaao ciyooy ?aeaieia?/ii? ? aeeneo?neaii?
eiiiioaoe?e.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ioae?eaoe?yo:

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A. N Aeeoi?ii O?aieeii i niunea aeecie
// A?niee OAeO, ? 397, “O?einio?y ? eoeueoo?a”, 1997-1998. – N.64-68.

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A. Yeno?aiaeueiua noaeoeueoo?u. I?acaioaoeee
ia?aa?nee a i?aanoaaiiinoe // A?niee OAeO, ? 400/4, “Iaoea e eoeueoo?a”,
1998. – N.32-43.

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A. Ia?aaioee enneaaeiaaoaeae no?ai NIA a
iaeanoe ia?aeiaeueiie i?iaeaiaoeee // A?niee OAeO, ? 400/6, “Iaoea e
eoeueoo?a”, 1998. – N.28-41.

Ai?ae??iei-Ieo?ioaiiaa ?.A. Iciaee ia?a?iaeueiino? ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai
oaiiiaia // Iaoeia? caienee Oa?e?anueeiai a?enueeiaiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
Nioe?aeueia o?einio?y, iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y. – Oa?e?a: OAO, 1999. –
Aei. IV. – N.218-225.

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A., I?ioeaiei I.I. I?ia?aiia “i?iaeeaaiey”
yeno?aiaeueiie neooaoeee a yoe/aneii ianeaaeee noieeia // Eoeueoo?a e
aeeciaiiue ie? /aeiaaea: Na. iao/. ?aaio. – Oa?ueeia: Oa?uee. aaeaoe.
ei-o, 1996. – N.113-117.

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A. Yeno?aiaeueiua noaeoeueoo?u // Iaoa??aee IV
Oa?e?anueeeo i?aeia?iaeieo Neiai?iaeei?anueeeo /eoaiue “Eoeueoo?a o
o?einio?? XX noie?ooy” – Oa?e?a: Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, 1997. –
N.143-146.

AIIOAOe??

Ai?ae??iei-Ieo?ioaiiaa ?.A. ?iaa??aioe aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai (ia
i?eeeaae? iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03 – nioe?aeueia o?einio?y oa o?einio?y
?noi???. – Oa?e?anueeee a?enueeiaee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai –
aeyaeaiith aen?ieia?/ieo ?iaa??aio?a ia?a?iaeueiiai noa’?eoa.

Ca aeo?aeiee i?eioeei ?icoi?iiy ae?yeueiino? oe?ii?niiai inieneaiiy
ae?eniino? c o?aooaaiiyi ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy eoeueoo?e
i?eeiyoi iiiceoe?th “o?aaeeoe??-?iiiaaoe??”, yea aeicaiey?
?ioa?i?aooaaoe ia?a?iaeuei?noue ye iiiyooy, ui aeneiaeth? ae?aeaeoeeo
?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e – caia?a/aiiy iaei??? (noa?i?) oa naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy
ae?oai? (iiai?) nenoaie niinia?a ?aae?caoe?? oe?iiinoae oa oi?i ?o
iiaeaiiy o nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e ?aaeueiino?. Aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy nai?o
iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aaoi?, caa?oath/enue aei iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a
“iiaoaiii?” nioe?aeueii? ?iaeaia???, aiae?co? aen?inoa?o ia?a?iaeueiiai
/a?ac oe?ii?niee aeeniiceoea (nenoaio noa’?eoii-ia’?eoieo a?aeiioaiue)
ia iniia? ?ethno?aoeaiiai iaoa??aeo iai?oaioe?a?ieo onoaiia.

A aen?inoa?? ia?a?iaeueiiai “noa’?eoa-noni?euenoaa” aeae?eaii noa’?eo
aen?inoa?e ia?a?iaeueiiai – noa’?eo iiaea?i?caoe??, eiai oeie; oi?ie
ae?yeueiino? noa’?eoa iiaea?i?caoe??, ?? aeaee; oe?iiino?, ?o niaeo?;
aen?ieia?/i? ?iaa??aioe.

Inoaoi/ia oyaeaiiy aeena?oaioa i?i ia?a?iaeuei?noue ia ia? ?ica?aeiinoae
c a?eueo?noth aaea ?nioth/eo aecia/aiue oeueiai yaeua o ?iaioao c
ia?a?iaeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?a?iaeuei?noue, aen?inoa?a, aioo??oi?e aeeneo?n
onoaiiae, oe?ii?niee aeeniiceoea, ia?a?iaeueia nioe?aeueia oii?ea,
“noa’?eo-noni?euenoai”, “noa’?eo-iniaeno?noue”.

Ai?aeeaiei-Ieo?ioaiiaa E.A. Eiaa?eaiou aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai (ia
i?eia?a iaieoaioeea?iuo o/?aaeaeaiee). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03. – nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. – Oa?ueeianeee aiaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai –
auyaeaieth aeneieiae/aneeo eiaa?eaioia ia?aeiaeueiiai noauaeoa.

A ea/anoaa enoiaeiiai i?eioeeia iiieiaiey aeayoaeueiinoe oeaiiinoiiai
iniuneaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe n o/aoii aeayoaeueiinoiiai iiaeoiaea e
eco/aieth eoeueoo?u acyoa iiiiceoeey o?aaeeoeee-eiiiaaoeee, eioi?ay
iicaieyao eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue ia?aeiaeueiinoue a a? iiaii cia/aiee eae
nioeeieoeueoo?iue oaiiiai, i?aiaeieaaay aeane?eioeaiue eiioaeno
yoii-nioeeaeueiuo i?ioeannia. A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee
aeneieiae/aneeo iniiaaiee ia?aeiaeueiiai noauaeoa onoaiiaeaii, /oi a
nia?aiaiiii nioeeiaoiaieoa?iii ciaiee ia?aeiaeueiay i?iaeaiaoeea iineo
o?aaiaioa?iue oa?aeoa?. A ianoiyuae ?aaioa iniiaiua ia?aaeeaiu
ia?aeiaeueiinoe aace?othony ia auaeaeaiiuo aeneieiae/aneeo eiaa?eaioao,
aini?iecaiaeyueo oai?aoe/aneoth iiaeaeue aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai.

Aeey iainiiaaiey iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee i?eaeaeathony iaoiaeieiae/aneea
onoaiiaee “iiyoaiiie” nioeeaeueiie eiaeaia?ee (E.Iiiia?) e
iaoiaeieiae/aneea i?eioeeiu eco/aiey aeneieiae/aneeo iniiaaiee
(I.N.Eaaai, A.N.Nai?iia e ae?.).

A ?aaioa iieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaiu o?iaiy aano?aeoeee
ia?aeiaeueiiai noauaeoa (n “noauaeoa-ee/iinoe” ia “noauaeo-iauanoai”) a
oeaeyo io?aaeaiey a iiiyoeeiii aiia?aoa oeeinioee nioeeieoeueoo?iuo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia?aeiaeueiiai oaiiiaia. Iaicia/aiu oaiiiaiieiae/aneea
ioee/ey iiiyoey “ia?aeiaeueiinoue” io eaoaai?ee “yeno?aiaeueiay
neooaoeey” e auaeaeaii iauaa i?iaeaiiia iiea a eo eco/aiee. Iienaia
a?oeoaeoiieea aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai “noauaeoa-ee/iinoe” ia iniiaa
aiaeeca aeayoaeueiinoe oeaiiinoiiai iniuneaiey aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe a
eiioaenoa yeno?aiaeueiuo noaeoeueoo? e auyaeaii, oaeei ia?acii,
nouiinoiia ioee/ea ia?aeiaeueiiai “noauaeoa-ee/iinoe” a aeneieiae/aneii
aniaeoa io aai i?aaenoaaeaiee, auoothueo a nioeeieiaee e ineoieiaee.
Aeaii iaoiaeieiae/aneia iainiiaaiea aaaaeaiey eaoaai?ee “niinia
acaeiiaeaenoaey “nioeeaeueiia – eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia” e “aioo?aiiee
aeeneo?n o/?aaeaeaiey” (i?eiaieoaeueii e iaieoaioeea?iui) eae eaoaai?ee,
eioi?ua a iaeaieueoae noaiaie ioaa/atho oeaeyi e caaea/ai eco/aiey
aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai.

A aeneinoa?a ia?aeiaeueiiai “noauaeoa-iauanoaa” auaeaeaiu:

noauaeo aeneinoa?u ia?aeiaeueiiai – noauaeo iiaea?iecaoeee, aai oeiu;

oi?iu aeayoaeueiinoe noauaeoa iiaea?iecaoeee: no?aoaae/aneay oi?ia
aeayoaeueiinoe; i?eaeaiea aeaeeiinoe “auoey-ii?yaeea”; ?acee/iua oi?iu
aeayoaeueiinoe eioaeeaeooaeia; aeanae?aeecaoeey aueuo nioeeieoeueoo?iuo
oi?i a oai?/aneii aeoa oooo?enoe/aneeo oeaiiinoae; i?i?i/aneay oi?ia
aeayoaeueiinoe; i?acaioaoeey ia?aa?nee a ?acee/iuo oi?iao iauanoaaiiiai
niciaiey; yecenoaioeeaeueiay ?aoeaeney; aeia?o?ioe?iaaiiay i?eaioaoeey
ia ?aaeecaoeeth iniiaiuo aeoaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae; aeeneo?neaiia
“oai?/anoai” (aeooaeecaoeey ?aciuo aeaeia aeaeiaiai e iao/iiai aeeneo?na
– caeiiu, i?eeacu, onoaau, ?aciethoeee, iinoaiiaeaiey, anaaiciiaeiua
o?aaiaaiey, ioeaiee e o.i.);

oeaiiinoe: yecenoaioeeaeueiua; oooo?enoe/aneea; “inaaaeinae?aeueiua”;
ioiioaiey; iiaea?iecaoeee;

aeneieiae/aneea eiaa?eaiou: iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue, iiae?acoiaaathuay ana
aeaeu iayniinoae e i?ioeai?a/ee a iai?aaeaiee ?acaeoey iauanoaa;
o?aaiaioa?iinoue, iaia?oaeeaaaiay a i?ioeainoiyiee o?aaeeoeee e
eiiiaaoeee; “ac?ua” aeneieiae/aneiai eiioeiooia; noeoeeiinoue iiauo,
neeaaeuaathueony iiaeaeae aeeneo?na; niuneiaeeciaiiay ?aoeaeney;
yecenoaioeeaeueiue aaeooi; aeoeaecaoeey ia?aa?ne?iaaiiuo aae?anaoia e
i?acaioaoeey ia?aa?nee ia anao o?iaiyo aeneinoa?u; iiaea?iecaoeey;
aeeneo?neaiia “ia?aaiii?aaea”; aeia?o?ioey aeoaeueiuo iio?aaiinoae;
e?eoeea n?aaenoa aoaee?iaaiey i?ioeai?a/ee iaaeaeo aeaeea?e?oaiui e
?aaeecoaiui e iaeiia?aiaiii oaiaoecaoeey iiauo (n?aaenoa);
aeano?oeoeaiue oa?aeoa? iieeoe/aneeo oeaiiinoae.

Aini?iecaaaeaiu oaeaea iiiaiou, ii?aaeaeythuea nouiinoiia
niaea?aeaiea ia?aeiaeueiiai: 1) ia?aeiaeueiinoue ia anoue iieiia
ionoonoaea oeaiiinoae e aeaaea ia iieiia ionoonoaea eo ioi?ieaiey, aaea
noa?ua oeaiiinoe (a oi/iaa niiniau e oi?iu eo aiieiuaiey) oiioee au a
auoee e ia?anoaaaee cayaeyoue i naaa a iaiin?aaenoaaiiie oi?ia, ii
e?aeiae ia?a, ia?eiaee/anee; 2) iaiin?aaenoaaiiie eioaioeeae e
aioo?aiiei niuneii ia?aeiaeueiiai aunooiaao iiaea?iecaoeey; 3)
aeeaeaeoe/aneia naienoai ia?aeiaeueiiai caeeth/aii a i?enouae aio
naiaiaea auai?a, a oii, /oi ?aaeueiinoue ia?aeiaeueiiai anoue
iioaioeeaeueiay aiciiaeiinoue – iauanoai ia yaeyaony au? oaeei, eaeiai
iii anoue, oaeei iii eeoue iiaeao noaoue; 4) ia?aeiaeueiinoue eae
aeneieiae/aneay aeeaa?aaioeey – ?aniaae aueie aeneinoa?u eae
oeaeieoiiinoe oeaiiinoae n iioa?ae iuouaiey eiiieeiaioa?iinoe eae e
caaeaiiiio (eee caaeathuaio) o?iaith oeaiiinoiie ea?a?oee, oae e e
oeaiiinoiui i?eaioaoeeyi i?ioeiai, – ?acai?a/eaaaony a oneiaeyo niyoey
eaeaieiae/aneie e aeeneo?neaiie eiiiioaoeee.

Oaeei ia?acii, eoiaiaia iaoa i?aaenoaaeaiea – o/eouaay, /oi ca enoiaeiue
i?eioeei iiieiaiey aeayoaeueiinoe oeaiiinoiiai iniuneaiey
“noauaeoa-iauanoaa” acyoa iiiiceoeey “o?aaeeoeee-eiiiaaoeee”, – ninoieo
a oii, /oi iiiyoea “ia?aeiaeueiinoue” au?aaeaao aeeaeaeoeeo ?acaeoey
eoeueoo?u eae io?eoeaiea iaeiie (noa?ie) e naiiooaa?aeaeaiea ae?oaie
(iiaie) nenoaiu niiniaia ?aaeecaoeee oeaiiinoae e oi?i eo
i?aaenoaaeaiiinoe a nioeeieoeueoo?iie ?aaeueiinoe

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?aeiaeueiinoue, aeneinoa?a, aioo?aiiee aeeneo?n
o/?aaeaeaiey, oeaiiinoiue aeeniiceoea, ia?aeiaeueiay nioeeaeueiay
oiieea, “noauaeo-iauanoai”, “noauaeo-ee/iinoue”.

Gordienko — Mitrofanova I.V. Invariants of axiosphere of marginal
subject (on the example of penitentiaries). – Manuscript.

Dissertation for competition of candidate’s degree in philosophy
in speciality 09.00.03. – social philosophy and philosophy of history. –
Kharkov Military University, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis examines axiosphere of marginal subject by focusing on
the axiological invariants of marginal «subject — society».

Taking into account the approach to analysis of culture which
understands one in terms of activity, productivity, evolution and etc.,
the author takes the opposition «traditions — innovations» as the first
principle of values’ comprehension activity.

The opposition interprets marginal as a concept which expresses
dialectics of cultural development as negation of old and coming into
being of a new system of ways of realization of values and forms of
their presentation in social-culture reality.

To explore her questions the author supports methodological
principles of “phased” social engineering (with the help of a wide range
of penitentiary literature).

The axiosphere of marginal «subject — society» includes the
subject of axiosphere marginal – modernization subject, the forms of
activity of modernization subject, the values and the axiological
invariants.

The total marginal concept agrees with most present works in the
field of marginal problems.

Key words: marginal, axiosphere, institution inner discourse, value
dispositive, marginal topic, «subject — society», «subject — person».

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eoci?oeia Aiaoie?e TH??eiae/

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