EUeA?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss AAOA?EIA?II? IAAeEOeEIE

?I. N.C.AAEEOeUeEIAI

EIEOOI ?anoao?e Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 636.612.015.3:636.087.7:636.2.1

?IOAINEAI?NOUe IAI?IO ?A*IAEI ?

I?IAeOEOEAI?NOUe AAEEEI? ?IAAOI? OOAeIAE CA

EI?AEOe?? I?IOA?IIAIAI OA I?IA?AEUeIIAI AEEAEAIIss

03.00.13 — o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei

06.02.02 — aiae?aey oaa?ei ? oaoiieia?y ei?i?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie

?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie
E?aaoe?a ?iiai Eineiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ?
?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece, aee?aeoi? IAe? a?iaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao,
?aeoi? Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie
?i.N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?ae Aaneeue ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e ae??aiiai oaa?eiieoeoaa Euea?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i.N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai;

— aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio
OAAI, Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie Neaaia Aieiaeeie?
Iao?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aiae?ae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei
oa ei?iiae?iaieoeoaa Aea?aeaaii? aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie,
i.AEeoiie?;

— aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii?
ina?oe Oe?a?ie Iaoiaiei Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
ii?iaeueii? ? iaoieia?/ii? o?c?ieia?? oaa?ei Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, i.Ee?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa ? a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI, i.
Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 21 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.35.826.01 o Euea?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ca aae?anith:
79010, i. Euea?a-10, aoe Iaea?nueea, 50, aoae. 1.

?c aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai ca
aae?anith: 79010, i. Euea?a-10, aoe Iaea?nueea, 50.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 19 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.?. Aieiaa/

7

caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. AEeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei
ia?ic?eaii iia’ycai? c iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi a i?aai?ci iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei
ei?io, ye? ? aeaea?aeii iai?iieo i?ioean?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue oa
?ioaineai?noue iai?io ?a/iaei o cia/i?e i??? iaoiiaeththoueny
iiaiioe?iiei ?aoe?iiii. ?ioaineai?noue ianiaiai ? e?i?eiiai ?inoo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei o a?eueoino? caeaaeeoue a?ae ??aiy
aeeaeaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei aaaeeea?noue iiaiioe?iii? aiae?ae?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei aoea ? caeeoa?oueny aaaiiith oiiaith
ae?iaieoeoaa oaa?eiieoeueei? i?iaeoeoe?? (A.A. *a?iyeia, 1989; I.A.
Iaeee ? ?i., 1994; Ae.O. Aoo??e, 1997; A.A. Ae?iiee ? ?i., 1997; E.E.
sseei/oe ? ?i., 1997).

A?aeii? a/ai? (N.C. Aaeeoeueeee, 1962; N.A. Noiyiianueeee, 1964; O.TH.
Iaeo?e, 1974; A.A. Oiaeueieoeueeee, A.I. ssoeeoei, 1980; ?.E. E?aaoe?a,
1990; I.C. Noiey?/oe, 1992; A.E. Iaco?eaae/, 1993; A.A. Ca???aa, 1994 oa
?i.) a nai?o i?aoeyo a?aei?/athoue, ui aeey i?iyao ? ?icaeoeo aaiaoe/ieo
caaeaoe?a oaa?ei iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe ?o iiaiioe?iiith aiae?aeath.
Cia/ia i?noea a aiae?ae? aeoeieo caeia? i?ioa?iiaa aeeaeaiiy, yea ia?
iaai? iniaeeaino?, iia’ycai? c iayai?noth neia?ioe/ii? i?e?ioei?e a
?oaoe? oaa?ei, ? caeaoia canaithaaoe o aaeeeeo e?eueeinoyo acio ai?aeieo
niieoe oa aiii?eieo nieae, neioacoth/e i?e oeueiio a?eie aeaniiai o?ea
(A.A. Aeiaaeue, 1995; A.A. Ae?cei, 1996; ?.E E?aaoe?a ? ?i., 1997).

C oiai /ano, ye aia?oa aoei anoaiiaeaii iaoai?ci neioaco a ?oaoe?
aaeoa??aeueiiai a?eea c iaa?eeiaiai acioo, ?icai?ioeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy
a iai?yieo iiooeo iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii? ? aeaoaai? iaa?eeiai? acioai?nii?
aeiaaaee, oaeaee?noue ?icuaieaiiy yei? aoea a ??aiii??iith, a
aeei?enoaiiy ?? i?e?ioei?ith — iaeneiaeueiei (A.?. Eaea/ithe ? ?i.,
1986; A.O. Naa/aiei, 1986).

A?oioiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ii ai?ioaaiith ei?i?a (nieiia,
n?/ea), ?iceeneaiith neeino ? eeneiai aeiio aoaeaaiii?eieie nieyie,
caiaeiaoaaiith aaeee?e ?iaao?e ooaeia? na/iaeie a neeaae? eiia?ei?io. ?
ia aeaiee /an ua ia iiai?noth c’yniaaia ieoaiiy ciaioaiiy ao?ao
ei?iiaiai a?eea a ia?aaeoeoieao aeoeieo oa i?aeaeuaiiy neioaco
aaeoa??aeueiiai a?eea oeyoii iaeneiaeueiiai canai?iiy i?e?ioei?ith
iaa?eeiaeo oi?i acioo (I.C. Eaaiaethe, O.?. A?eaeiee, 1986).

Oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy a aiae?ae? aeoeieo iaaoea na/iaeia. ??
caiaeiaoaaiiy a iniiaiiio i?iaiaeeoueny oeyoii ci?ooaaiiy c
eiioeaio?iaaieie ei?iaie, ui /anoi i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaei??iiai
iaeiie/aiiy a ia?aaeoeoieao ai?aeo, yeee, a naith /a?ao, aeeeeea?
oieneeice ? cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei, oiio inoaiith aaaeaii
caiaeiaoaaoe o aeaeyae? ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee (AEAe) (A.A.
Eoaeaoaaa, 1985). I?ioa, e?aua canai?iiy acioo na/iaeie aoei anoaiiaeaii
i?e caiaeiaoaaii? AEAe ?acii ?c nieyie i?e?iaeaiaio?a (A.I. Aanniiia,
1986). I?e oeueiio iaaeinoaoiuei a?aoiaai? ci?ie aaciaia?aaoe/iiai
iai?io. Naia a?i ? iniiaith an?o o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?
(A.A. A?eaai, 1970; I.A. Eieyaea, 1971; A.?. Oa?ae, 1973). Eiai
iieacieee aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noaeeoe i?i ia?aa?a aaeaioaoe??
i?aai?cio oaa?eie aei iao?aaeeoe?eieo ei?iiaeo aeiaaaie oa oa?aeoa?
iai?iieo i?ioean?a o iueiio i?e o?eaaeiio caiaeiaoaaii? inoaii?o.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io,
iniiaiei aeaea?aeii yeiai ? aoaeaaiaee, inoaii?i, i?e caiaeiaoaaii?
acioai?nieo aeiaaaie aeoeiei oaa?eiai, i?eae?eaii iaaeinoaoiuei oaaae
(ss.Ae. Aaia?ei, A.?. Eaea/ithe, 1979; A.A. Ai?aaothe, 1979).

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey i?aai?cio oaa?ei, ye? i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo
aeeooy io?eioaaee iaa?eeia? acioai?ni? aeiaaaee a neeaae? ei?i?a
?aoe?iio, ia? ae?eie?oe/iee oeyo ia?aoai?aiiy ? eoioeyoe?? iiaeeaieo
?a/iaei. C aiae?co aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e a?aeiii, ui ?ioaineai?noue
ae?eie?co i?aeaeuo?oueny i?e caiaeiaoaaii? oaa?eiai na/iaeie i?ioyaii
3-4 i?nyoe?a (A.A. Eaieai ? ?i., 1981). Aea i?e a?eueo o?eaaeiio oa?i?i?
?? aeei?enoaiiy (i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue) aeai? uiaei ?ioaineaiino?
ae?eie?co a?aenooi?.

Ia c’yniaaii ieoaiiy aieeao AEAe oa i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno (II) i?e ?o
aeiaaio?eaaeiio caiaeiaoaaii?, oiaoi i?ioyaii e?eueeio iieie?iue, ia
iai?ii? i?ioeane, o?c?ieia?/iee noai ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae ??cieo noaoaaeo oa a?eiaeo a?oi, a oaeiae ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio
caeaoi?noue ei??a-ia?a?noie ? aia??iiaeueiee ?icaeoie ?o ieiae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iniiaith aeeiiaii? oaie aeieoi?nueei?
aeena?oaoe??, caoaa?aeaeaii? A/aiith ?aaeith Euea?anueeiai
ciiaaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo 25.06.1981 ?ieo oa ooi/iaii? 8.12.1998 ?ieo
(i?ioieie ? 10), yea aeeiioaaeanue ia eaoaae?ao o?c?ieia??, oa?iaeieia??
? iaoio?c?ieia??, aiae?ae? oaa?ei oa aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii? ?
?aae?ieia?/ii? aenia?oece oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e naeoe?? oaa?eiieoeoaa ?
aaoa?eia??? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaee INA O?N? (i?ioieie ?3 a?ae
19.05.1981?. oa ?4 a?ae 2.06.1982?.) ii aea/aiith aieeao
ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee oa i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno ia i?aai?ci
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a iinoiaoaeueiiio iioiaaiac? a ainiiaea?noaao
Eai’yinueei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe aoei aeine?aeeoe aieea
i?ioa?iiaiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy ia ?ioaineai?noue iai?io ?a/iaei
a i?aai?ci? ooaeiae ??cieo noaoaaeo ? a?eiaeo a?oi oa ??
i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?e o?eaaeiio (i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue) aacia?a?aiiio
caiaeiaoaaii? c ei?iaie iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio AEAe o ii?aeiaii? c II.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aeine?aeeoe ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa canai?iiy acioo
ei?io i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio aacia?a?aiiio caiaeiaoaaii? oaa?eiai AEAe oa
II ie?aii ? a ii?aeaii? o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio.

2. Aea/eoe aieea AEAe oa II ia ?ioaineai?noue iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioean?a o
?oaoe? oaa?ei.

3. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? a?eeiaiai iai?io oa iaa?oiooaaoe eiai
oa?aeoa? a i?aai?ci? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue i?ae
aieeaii AEAe ? II.

4. Aea/eoe aieea AEAe oa II ia aaciaia?aaoe/iee iai?i a i?aai?ci?
aeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

5. Aeine?aeeoe aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a oa ie?ai? iieacieee aoaeaaiaeiiai
iai?io a i?aai?ci? ei??a ae?oaiai iieie?iiy oa ?o ieiae?a.

6. Iaa?oiooaaoe aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy AEAe oa II a aiae?ae?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane
iieiaeiyea ia a?aeaiae?ae? oa ca?eueoaiiy iaaei?a iieiea a?ae
ei??a-ia?a?noie.

7. Aea/eoe aieea AEAe ? II ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio caeaoi?noue ei??a oa
aia??iiaeueiee ?icaeoie ieiae?a.

8. Ae?aooaaoe aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy a aiae?ae? aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae AEAe a ii?aeiaii? c II a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa aeei?enoaii neioaoe/i? ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? ?a/iaeie o aeaeyae?
AEAe i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio aacia?a?aiiio caiaeiaoaaii? aaeee?e ?iaao?e
ooaeia? ??cieo a?eiaeo oa noaoaaeo a?oi.

2. Aia?oa a aiae?ae? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aeuacaaaeaieo a?oi aoa
aeei?enoaiee II (i??eaeienei — 0,1, noeueoao i?ae? — 0,005, noeueoao
oeeieo — 0,2, eiaeenoee eae?e — 0,03 ia/ea aeeai? iane), yeee
caiaeiaoaaee oaa?eiai o ii?aeiaii? c AEAe a neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai
?aoe?iio.

3. Anoaiiaeaii oaiaeaioe?th aei iacia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino?
oa?iaio?a, ui ?aaoeththoue a?eeiaee iai?i a i?aai?ci? aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae i?e caiaeiaoaaii? inoaii?e AEAe o ii?aeiaii? c II a neeaae?
ei?i?a ?aoe?iio.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui II noeioeth? ??no ? ?icaeoie i?e?ioei?e ?oaoey
oaa?ei, aieeaa? ia pH na?aaeiaeua ?oaoey, /ei iie?auo? canai?iiy
iaa?eeiaiai acioo i?e?ioei?ith ? ca?eueoaiiy a?iiane. E??i oiai, AEAe oa
II, caiaeiaai? oaa?eiai, aieeaathoue ia ?ioaineai?noue ?iciiiaeaiiy
iaeiiee?oeiieo i?e?ii?aai?ci?a o ai?no? ?oaoey, iniaeeai o oaeeoeue
16-i?ny/iiai a?eo. Ana oea aieeaa? ia ?ioaineai?noue iai?io ?a/iaei ?
ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei.

5. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ai?ae, yeee ooai?eany i?e ?iciaae? AEAe, aeia?a
canaith?oueny i?e?ioei?ith ?oaoey oaa?ei a nooino?eiee ia??iae, ia
aeeeeeath/e oieneeic?a.

6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui AEAe oa II, caiaeiaai? c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio, iiceoeaii
aieeaathoue ia iinoiaoaeueiee ?icaeoie i?eieiaeo.

7. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui aeiaaio?eaaea aacia?a?aia caiaeiaoaaiiy AEAe
oa II ia aeeeeeaei ii?ooaiue ooieoe?? ia/?iee.

8. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaeaeua aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aoea io?eiaia i?e
cai?i? ?ineeiiiai i?ioa?io neioaoe/iith acioai?niith aeiaaaeith o
aeaeyae? AEAe, yeo aeei?enoaee ?acii ?c II i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio
aacia?a?aiiio caiaeiaoaaii? aaeee?e ?iaao?e ooaeia?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? uiaei ?ioaineaiino? aaciaia?aaoe/iiai,
a?eeiaiai, aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?i?a, aeoeaiino? aeayeeo oa?iaio?a oeaiei
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo, eiiiiiaio?a aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io o aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae ??ciiai a?eo ? noao?, ?o a?aeoai?thaaeueii? ooieoe??
aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue, ?ai?iaeoeoeaio caeaoi?noue,
caa?aaeai?noue iieiaeiyea, oaeineiiaethaaoe oiiae oo?eiaiiy oa
oaoiieia?? aiae?ae?, iiaeaethaaoe o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane, ui ?icoe?th? ?
iiaeeaeth? i?ciaiiy a aaeoc? o?c?ieia?? ??cieo noaoaaeo oa a?eiaeo a?oi
ooaeiae a iinoiaoaeueiiio iioiaaiac?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa?eoee a: «?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
caiaeiaoaaiith ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee a?aeaiae?aaeueiiio oa
?aiiioiiio iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae», Euea?a, 1981.
(Caoaa?aeaeai? naeoe??th oaa?eiieoeoaa ? aaoa?eia??? Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii?
?aaee INA Oe?a?ie 19.05.81 ?.); «?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oaoiieiaee
i?iecaiaenoaa aiayaeeiu», Eueaia, 1982. (Caoaa?aeaeai? naeoe??th
oaa?eiieoeoaa ? aaoa?eia??? Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?aaee INA Oe?a?ie,
02.06.82?.); «Iieiaeaiiy ii ae?iaieoeoao ? canoinoaaiith a aiae?ae?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee», «Iieiaeaiiy ii
a?aeaiae?ae? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?ia?aeueiei i?ai?enii», Euea?a,
1992 ?. (Caoaa?aeaeai? i?aeaea?aeaaiith oa?iaeieia?/iith anioe?aoe??th
Eai?ia?aaenueeiai aaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo, 07.12.92?.) oa o ia?ae?e
cae?i/aieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ECA? ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo Euea?anueeei
iaeaa?ii?iiii oa iaeaniei oi?aae?iiyi IOO n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
aeey cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoai. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
ai?iaaaeaeai? a ainiiaea?noaao “C??ea”, “?in?y”, “Ci?y eiioi?cio”,
?i.XXII c’?caeo EI?N, “Ae?oaeaa”, ?i.Eai?ia Eai’yinueei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio
Euea?anueei?, ?i.Noai?iaa Eooeueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei? oa ?aaeaini?
“Aiaoianueeee” Aaeeoeueeiai ?aeiio ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanoae.
Iaea?aeai? aeai? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaoeia?e oa iaa/aeuei?e ?iaio?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o aeeiiaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a naiino?ei?e ?aae?caoe?? anueiai ianyao
iaoiaee/ii?, aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, o i?iaaaeaii? ciioaoi?/ieo,
o?c?ieia?/ieo ? a?io?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aoee aeaieioai? ? noaaeai? ia ui??/ieo i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Euea?anueei? aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i. N.C.Aaeeoeueeiai
(1974-1995 ??.), Oa?e?anueeiai IAe? E?ninoaio ? Iie?nny O?N? (1983),
IAe? caiea?ianoaa ? oaa?eiieoeoaa cao?aeieo ?aeii?a O?N? (1984), ia ?-io
?aaeyinueei-*aoineiaaoeueeiio neiiic?oi? ii aeei?enoaiith
iao?aaeeoe?eieo ei?i?a o aiae?ae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei
(1984), ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? i?aeaoc?anueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo ii
oa?iaeieia?/ieo caniaao o aaoa?eia??? Naieo-Iaoa?ao?nueeiai
aaoa?eia?iiai ?inoeoooo (1990-1994), Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1994) oa A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1995).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iaae?oeiaaii 46 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. C
ieo: 24 noaoo? (an? iaeiiin?aii), 18 oac (14 iaeiiin?aii), 2
?ioi?ieenoee (1 iaeiiin?aii) oa 2 ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 350
noi??ieao eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, aeanyoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae (517, a o./. 135 — ?iicaiieo), aeiaeaoe?a oa 85 oaaeeoeue.

iniiaiee ci?no

Aea?? iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe.

Aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aoaeoeaiiai canai?iiy i?ioa?io ei?io i?aai?ciii
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae iaie aoea aeei?enoaia AEAe — i?iaeoeo aeno?oc??
ioaie/ii? aea?o? o ii?aeiaii? ?c na/iaeiith oa aaioii?oii iao??th. A 1
ea oaei? aeiaaaee i?noeoueny: 1,7 e.iae., 470 a ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io,
42 a ee?oeiaeie, 14 a oeoe?o, 0,7 a eaeueoe?th oa 1,2 a oinoi?o.

Aeey e?auiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ei?io aaeeea cia/aiiy ia?
oaeiae caaeainiaai?noue ?aoe?ii?a ca i?ia?aeueieie ?a/iaeiaie. Ine?eueee
a ciiao Iie?nny ? I?eea?iaooy a?aei?/a?oueny aeao?oeeo eiaeo, oeeieo oa
i?ae?, iaie aoa aeei?enoaiee II, aei neeaaeo yeiai aoiaeeee aeuaaeacai?
i?e?iaeaiaioe. Inoaii?e ia?aae caiaeiaoaaiiyi ia?ai?ooaaee c
eiia?ei?iii.

E?euee?noue i?ai?eno aecia/aee ca ??cieoeath i?ae o?c?ieia?/iith
iio?aaith oaa?ei o i?e?iaeaiaioao oa iayai?noth ?o o ei?iao ?aoe?iio.

I?e neeaaeaii? ?aoe?ii?a ei?enooaaeeny aeaoae?ciaaieie ii?iaie aiae?ae?
ooaeiae ??cieo a?eiaeo ? noaoaaeo a?oi c iii?aaeith ia i?noeaa? oaeoi?e.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoei noi?iiaaii 4 a?oie oaa?ei
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee, i?ae?a?aieo ca i?eioeeiii aiaeia?a, c yeeo: I a?oia
— eiio?ieueia, II, III ? IV — aeine?aei?. Aiae?aey i?aeaeine?aeieo
oaa?ei aoea o?e?aciaith ? i?iaiaeeeanue ca noaiith (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia aiae?ae?

A?oia ? a oe ? i iI I? (Iniiaiee ?aoe?ii)II I? + II (II neeaaea?oueny
c i??eaeieneio — 0,1, noeueoaoo i?ae? — 0,005, noeueoaoo oeeieo — 0,2,
eiaeenoiai eae?th — 0,03 ia/ea aeeai? iane).III I? + AEAe (20 % ei?i?a
?aoe?iio ca ia?ao?aaiei i?ioa?iii cai?iaii AEAe, yea neeaaea?oueny c 75
% ioaie/ii? aea?o?, 20 % na/iaeie oa 5 % aaioii?oo iao??th).IV I? +
AEAe + II (o aeuaiaaaaeaieo e?eueeinoyo)

O i?aeaioia/ee ia??iae, i?ioyaii 10 aei?a, aeine?aeieo oaa?ei i?ea/aee
aei ii?aeaiiy AEAe oa II, ii/eiath/e c 20 a, iinooiiai ca?eueooth/e
aeico, aeiaiaey/e ?? aei ii?ie, i?e aaeaeaaoiiio ciaioaii? eiia?ei?io.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao AEAe ? II ie?aii ? a ii?aeiaii? o neeaae? ei?i?a
iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio ia i?aai?ci ooaeiae ??cieo noaoaai-a?eiaeo a?oi oa
aia??iiaeueiee ?icaeoie ?o ieiae?a iaie i?iaaaeaii na??th aeine?ae?a o
ainiiaea?noaao Eai’yinueei-Aocueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano? ca
iaaaaeaiith noaiith (oaae.2).

Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icii/ao? a 1985 ?ioe?, i?iaiaeeeenue ia aaeee?e ?iaao?e
ooaeia? ??cieo noaoaaeo oa a?eiaeo a?oi i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue oa ia
iaeiiaeiaiaeo aoaaeoeyo o?aoueiai iieie?iiy. Iaoa??aeii aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeeee: e?ia, ai?no ?oaoey, na/a, aeaeeooaaia iia?o?y,
ia/?iea, i’yciaa oeaieia oa ie?ee.

Aea/aee: a?io?i?/i? iieacieee e?ia?, iieacieee ai?noo ?oaoey ? na/?,
aaciaia?aaoe/iee iai?i, ??no ? ?icaeoie, i’ynio oa iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ? a?aeoai?thaaeueio caeaoi?noue oaa?ei i?e
caiaeiaoaaii? AEAe oa II ? ?o aieea ia iauaaee?a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eeiaiai iai?io o oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee ?ac ia i?nyoeue
i?ioyaii ?ieo. Aeey oeueiai aei aiae?ae? c y?aiii? aaie a?aeae?aee e?ia,
a ne?iaaooe? yei? aecia/aee: ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea —
?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii; i?ioeaioiee ai?no a?eeiaeo o?aeoe?e — oeyoii
aeaeo?ioi?aco ia iie?ae?eeai?aeiiio aae? ca iaoiaeii I?noaeia ? Aeaa?na
(1971).

E?euee?noue aeae?eaiiai c i?aai?cio ai?aeo c na/ath aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeii Eiiaay-Aae?ia (1977), caaaeueiiai acioo a na/? — aeaiaoaiiei
eiei?eiao?e/iei iaoiaeii c ?aaeoeaii Ianea?a, ai?no na/iaeie a na/? — ca
iaoiaeii E’?eueaeaey, acioo a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? — ca A.A. Ocaaeiaith a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? C.N. *oeeiai? (1976), na/iaeie a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? — ca
iaoiaeii I?eoea-Aaeueoa?a (1978).

Aeey aea/aiiy aaciaia?aaoe/iiai iai?io o oaa?ei a?aioe? aei aiae?ae?
iaeei ?ac ia i?nyoeue i?ioyaii ?ieo a?aeae?aee i?iae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao? Oieaeaia ca iaoiaeeeith Aeoaean-Oieaeaia (1958).
Ca e?euee?noth niiaeeoiai eenith ? aeae?eaiiai aoaeaeeneiai aaco
ae?aoiaoaaee caaaeueio aaioeeyoe?th eaaaiue, aeeoaeueiee eiao?oe??io,
caaaeuei? aia?aaoe/i? aeo?aoe oa aiaeia?/i? iieacieee a ia?a?aooieo ia
ea aeeai? iane.

AEeao iano oaa?ei aecia/aee oeyoii ?o caaaeoaaiiy a e?ioe? eiaeiiai
i?nyoey.

O noa?oiio a?oe?, a naia: o aoaa?a ? oaeeoeue 16-i?ny/iiai oa
ei??a-ia?a?noie 30-i?ny/iiai a?eo i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue, e??i
aeuaiaaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aea/aee iaoaaie?/i? ci?ie o ?oaoe? oa
i?iaiaeeee ioe?ieo ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? caeaoiino? oaa?ei.

Oaaeeoey 2

Noaia aeine?aeo

?

aeine?aeoA?e oaa?ei,

i?n.O?eaae?noue

aeine?aeo, aei?aE-noue

a?oiNoaoue oaa-?eiE?euee?noue

oaa?ei, aie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy 1 2 3 4 5 6
7Ia?oa na??y aeine?ae?a (ia?oa iieie?iiy)

1

4-6

90

4Aoaaeoe?

Oaee/ee11

34A, A, A, A

A, A, A, A

2

16-18

90

4Aoaaeoe?

Oaeeoe?11

34A, A, A, A, AE, C

A, A, A, A, AE, C

3

24-36

360

4Aoaa?

Ei?iae10

32A, A, A, A, AE, C

A, A, A, A, Ae, AE, CAe?oaa na??y aeine?ae?a (ae?oaa iieie?iiy)

4

1-2

60

4Aoaaeoe?

Oaee/ee13

17A, A, A, A

A, A, A, A

5

4-6

90

4Aoaaeoe?

Oaee/ee13

17A, A, A, A

A, A, A, A

6

16-18

90

4Aoaaoe?

Oaeeoe?12

16A, A, A, A, AE, C

A, A, A, A, AE, C

7

24-36

360

4Aoaa?

Ei?iae12

16A, A, A, A, AE, C

A, A, A, A, Ae, AE, CO?aoy na??y aeine?ae?a (o?ao?
iieie?iiy)8Aeiaia?I4Aoaaeoe?4A, EI?ei?oea:

1. A — a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia?;

2. A — aaciaia?aaoe/iee iai?i;

3. A — aeine?aeaeaiiy ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei;

4. A — aeine?aeaeaiiy i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?;

5. Ae — aeine?aeaeaiiy iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?;

6. AE — aaeainiaee aeine?ae;

7. C — aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? caeaoiino? oaa?ei;

8. E — a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeaiei ? i?aai?a aoaaeoe?a aeiaiaiai
a?eo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaaee 10 aei?a. Iaoa??aeii aeey ieo neoaeeea ??aeeia
?oaoey, io?eiaia ca aeiiiiiaith iiniaeioeiaiai ciiaea aei ?aieiai?
aiae?ae? ? /a?ac aea? aiaeeie i?ney ?? caaa?oaiiy.

??aaiue caaaeueiiai ? iaa?eeiaiai acioo a ?oaoeaa?e ??aeei?
anoaiiaethaaee ca iaoiaeii E’?eueaeaey (1948), a a?eeiaiai — ca
??cieoeath i?ae caaaeueiei ? iaa?eeiaei, eiioeaio?aoe?th aiaeiaaeo ?ii?a
— ia pH-iao??. Ai?no ai?iiiai acioo a ?oaoeaa?e ??aeei? aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeii, iienaiei A.I. Iao?oiuee?iith (1961), ai?ae — i?e?iaeeoociei
iaoiaeii Eiiaay (1937), a i?ae?aooiie i?e?ioei?e a ??aeei? ?oaoey
i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith A??aea (1954). EAEE aecia/aee
aacio?iiaoia?ao?/iei iaoiaeii ca A.Eioo?iei ? *.Aoneth (1968).

?ai?iaeoeoeaio caeaoi?noue o ei??a-ia?a?noie anoaiiaethaaee oeyoii
i?ae?aooieo e?eueeino? io?eiaiiai a?ae ieo i?eieiaeo.

Iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue oaa?ei aecia/aee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii, oeyoii
eiio?ieueieo iaaei?a, ye? i?iaiaeeee /ioe?e ?ace ia i?nyoeue, a
aee?i?noue iieiea — 3 ?ace ia i?nyoeue. Aeey aecia/aiiy o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo iieiea i?iae a?aeae?aeeny uii?ny/ii a?ae o?ueio noi?aeieo
iaaei?a o 4 ei??a-aiaeia?a c eiaeii? a?oie. O a?ae?a?aieo i?iaao iieiea,
caeiina?aiaaieo ia?a?ae?ieai, aecia/aee: ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie — oeyoii
aenoooaaiiy na?aaeiueiai c?acea a nooeeuei?e oao? i?e t° 150°C aei
iino?eii? aaae oa ciee — niaethaaiiyi na?aaeiuei? i?iae ei?io a
iooaeuei?e ia/? i?e t° 500°C. AEe?i?noue iieiea aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii
Aa?aa?a, a?eie ? eaca?i — ca E’?eueaeaeai, a oeoei? — ?ao?aeoiiao?e/ii.

Aeey ioe?iee i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ooaeiae, yea ciaoiaeeeanue ia
a?aeaiae?ae?, i?iaiaeeee uii?ny/i? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caaaeoaaiiy. E??i
oeueiai, aoa i?iaaaeaiee eiio?ieueiee caa?e aoaa?a 26-i?ny/iiai a?eo, ii
5 aie?a c eiaeii? a?oie (oaae.3).

Oaaeeoey 3

Noaia a?aeaiae?ae? aoaa?a

Aeine?aeA?e oaa?ei,

i?n.O?eaae?noue

aeine?aeo, aei?aE?euee?noue a?oiE?euee?noue

aoaa?a o a?oi?, aie.

Ia??iae a?aeaiae?ae?Ia?oa na??y aeine?ae?a (ia?oa iieie?iiy)1

2

34-9

10-14

15-26190

140

3654

4

411

11

10Aei?iuoaaiiy

Ae?iuoaaiiy

Caeeth/ia a?aeaiae?aeyAe?oaa na??y aeine?ae?a (ae?oaa iieie?iiy)4

5

6

71-3

4-9

10-14

15-2690

190

140

3654

4

4

413

13

12

12Aei?iuoaaiiy

Aei?iuoaaiiy

Ae?iuoaaiiy

Caeeth/ia a?aeaiae?aey

Aecia/aiiy caa?eiiai aeoiaeo oa o?i?/iee aiae?c i?iaeoeo?a caaith
i?iaiaeeee a?aeiia?aeii aei iaoiae?a AIAe?Oa oa AIAe?IIa (I.O. Oiiia,
1956).

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao aeiaaio?eaaeiai caiaeiaoaaiiy AEAe ? II ia
o?c?ieia?/iee noai oaa?ei oa ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue aoei i?iaaaeaii ae?oao
na??th aiaeia?/ieo aeine?ae?a.

Iauaaee?a, ia?iaeaeaieo ei?iaaie-ia?a?noeaie ia?oi? oa ae?oai? na??e
aeine?aeo, aaaaeaee oaa?eiaie ae?oaiai oa o?aoueiai iieie?iiy.

C iaoith c’yniaoaaiiy aieeao AEAe oa II ia i?io?eaiiy aaa?oiino? o ei??a
? ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai ?o iauaaee?a aoei i?iaaaeaii o?aoth na??th
aeine?aeaeaiue ia ei?iaao ae?oaiai iieie?iiy oa ?o iauaaeeao. Aeey
oeueiai c eiaeii? a?oie oaa?ei i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy aei ia?oiai
aeiithaaiiy iieiceaa aoei caaeoi ii 4 aoaaeoe?, a ia/?ioe?, i’ycia?e
oeaiei? ? ie?eao yeeo aecia/aee aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a oa ??aaiue
ie?aieo iieaciee?a aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io. Oae, ??aaiue ae?eiaaio
aeine?aeaeoaaee ca iaoiaeii Ioe?aa?a a iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?.Ae.
Aieiaaoeueeiai (1960), aetheice — ca Ooeoiaiii (1959), ai?no iiei/ii?
eeneioe — ca Aa?ea?-Naiia?niiii (1941), a ioeoiai? — ca Eiiaa?i a
iiaeeo?eaoe?? ?.Ae. Aieiaaoeueeiai (1961).

Aeoeai?noue eaoaeace (1.11.1.6) aecia/aee ca iaoiaeii Aaoa ? Coaeiai?
(1950), noeoeeiaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (1.3.99.1) — ca iaoiaeii Eoi-Aa?aea
(1958), iaeaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (1.1.1.38) — A?oaeaanueeiai (1956),
eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (1.1.1.27) — Aanea?a (1959), aeueaeieace
(4.1.2.13) — O.I. A?oina (1960), ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (2.6.1.7) ?
aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace (2.7.1.2) ca iaoiaeii ?aeoiaia, O?aieaey,
iienaiiai ?.I. Eiiae?ao?iei (1985), aethoaiaoaeaa?ae?iaaiace (1.4.1.2) —
ca iaoiaeeeith N.I. Stuhret (1968). Aiaeia?/i? iieacieee aecia/aeenue a
e?ia? ?o iaoa??a.

Iaeeieoe? aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a, io?eiaieo ca?aeii aeacaieo iaoiae?a,
ia?aaaaeai? o i?aeia?iaei? iaeeieoe? N? ca a?aeiia?aeieie eiao?oe??ioaie
(?.I. Eiiae?ao?i oa ?i., 1985).

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ae?aoiaoaaee ca iaoiaeeeith O.?. ??ci?eiaa oa
?i. (1977).

Io?eiaiee oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae ia?iaeyee noaoenoe/ii ca iaoiaeii, iienaiei
?.A. Iea?iei (1960).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aiae?c

Ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei oa canai?iiy acioo ei?io i?aai?ciii
oaa?ei i?ae aieeaii ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ? i?ia?aeueiiai
i?ai?eno

Anoaiiaeaii, ui II ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ?
canai?iith acioo ei?io. Oae, o aoaaeoe?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy eiao?oe??io
ia?ao?aaiino? i?ioa?io ? ee?oeiaeie c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 2,4 oa 2,3 %
(oaae. 4). I?e oeueiio ia?ao?aai?noue acioo i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 3,5 %, a
aaeain eiai canai?iiy noaiiaeoue +37,3 i?ioe +34,9 a a eiio?ie?. O
oaa?ei ae?oaiai iieie?iiy c?inoa? eiao?oe??io ia?ao?aaiino? i?aai?/ii?
?a/iaeie oa ee?oeiaeie a?aeiia?aeii ia 2,6 oa 2,2 %. I?e oeueiio aaeain
acioo noaiiaeoue 37,5 i?ioe 34,2 a.

9

Oaaeeoey 4

Ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ? canai?iiy acioo oaa?eiaie i?e
caiaeiaoaaii?

O oaee/ie ?ioaineai?oa ia?ao?aaeth?oueny i?aai?/ia ?a/iaeia (I?), aee? ?
ee?oeiaeia, i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 2,7% ia?ao?aai?noue acioo oa ia +0,9 a
c?inoa? aaeain aeei?enoaiiy inoaiiueiai, oiae? ye o oaa?ei
ae?oaiai iieie?iiy II ni?ey? c?inoaiith ia?ao?aaiino? eeoa I? oa
acioo. ??aaiue inoaiiueiai i?aeaeuo?oueny a?aeiinii eiio?ieth ia 1,5 %,
a aaeain eiai aeei?enoaiiy — ia 2,4 a.

O ei??a-ia?a?noie iaio iieie?iue a?aei?/a?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei
c?inoaiiy ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ei?io, iniaeeai i?aai?/ii?
?a/iaeie, eiao?oe??io ia?ao?aaiino? yei? a ia?oiio iieie?ii? c?inoa? ia
2,4, a a ae?oaiio — ia 2,8 %. Ii?yae c oeei i?aeaeuo?oueny ??aaiue
canai?iiy acioo ei?io a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,8 oa 2,6 %, a eiai aaeain — ia
1,1 oa 1,6 a. Ia i?iaeoeoe?th i?e oeueiio aeei?enoiao?oueny ia 10,7 oa
13,8 % acioo a?eueoa, i?ae o ei??a eiio?ieueieo a?oi.

AEAe ia i?iyaey? noeioethth/i? ae??, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao, iaaiaee,
i?eai?/o? ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ei?io. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi
oeueiai ? aaeain acioo a i?aai?ci? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei, iieacieee yeiai
aeaui iaio? a?ae eiio?ieth. Eeoa o ei??a-ia?a?noie i?ioyaii aeaio
iieie?iue AEAe aei iaaii? i??e noeioeth? ia?ao?aai?noue i?ioa?io, iaeiae
cieaeo? ia?ao?aai?noue ee?oeiaeie. I?e oeueiio aaeain canai?iiy acioo o
oaa?ei ia?oiai iieie?iiy c?inoa? aei +23,6 i?ioe +23,0 a, oiae? ye o
ae?oaiai — aei 23,5 i?ioe 22,3 a.

AEAe oa II, ii?aeiai? o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
ia?ao?aaiino? I? oa i?ioa?io o oaa?ei aeaio iieie?iue. I?e oeueiio o
aoaaeoe?a aeuee eiao?oe??io ia?ao?aaiino? I?, o oie /an ye o ei??a, a
iniaeeai oaeeoeue — i?ioa?io. O aoaaeoe?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy
ia?ao?aai?noue acioo c?inoa? ia 9,1 %, a ?acoeueoao? /iai eiai aaeain a
i?aai?ci? i?aeaeuo?oueny aei +39,2 i?ioe 34,9 a a eiio?ie?, a a ae?oaiai
— a?aeiia?aeii ia 8,0 %, oiaoi ia 8,4 a. I?ioa, aeaiee i?ioean
?ioaineai?oa i?io?ea? o oaeeoeue ae?oaiai iieie?iiy. Oae, canai?iiy
acioo oaa?eiaie oeueiai iieie?iiy c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,2 %, ui
i?aeaeuo? eiai aaeain — ia 13,0 %.

O ei??a-ia?a?noie ia?oiai iieie?iiy AEAe oa II ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith
e?eueeino? canai?iiai i?aai?ciii acioo ia 9,0 %, a o ae?oaiai — ia 9,8,
a ?acoeueoao? /iai c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 16,2 oa 22,5 a aeei?enoaiiy
eiai ia i?iaeoeoe?th. ?acii c oei, aaeain canai?iiy acioo o oaa?ei
ia?oiai iieie?iiy i?aeaeuo?oueny aei +25,2 i?ioe +23,0, a o ae?oaiai —
aei +25,7 i?ioe +22,3 a a eiio?ie?.

Ioaea, AEAe oa II, ii?aeiai? o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, ?ioaineo?eoaaee
ia?ao?aai?noue iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ? ni?eyee e?auiio canai?iith acioo
i?e?ioei?ith ?oaoey.

Iaoaaie?/i? i?ioeane a ?oaoe? oaa?ei a iioiaaiac? i?ae aieeaii AEAe oa
II

II noeioeth? ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ?iooci??e oa aaeoa??e o ?oaoe?
oaeeoeue 16-i?ny/iiai a?eo a?aeiia?aeii ia 4,5 oa 7,6 %, a oaeiae
i?aeaeuo? ia 7,7 % eiioeaio?aoe?th a?eeiaiai acioo (oaae. 5). *a?ac aea?
aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae? ii?yae ?c ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino?
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a cieaeo?oueny ia 16,7 % eiioeaio?aoe?y caeeoeiaiai
acioo

Oaaeeoey 5

aei ?aieiai? aiae?ae?,

a ciaiaiieeo — /a?ac aea? aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae?.

11

I?e oeueiio ai?no EAEE c?inoa? ia 4,9 % ? aeinoia??ii ca?eueoo?oueny
eiioeaio?aoe?y i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe oa ciaioo?oueny — ?ciaaea??aiiai?, a
oaeiae niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei iacia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo
ai?aeo.

O aoaaeoe?a 16-i?ny/iiai a?eo i?io?eathoue aiaeia?/i? i?ioeane, iaeiae
?o ?ioaineai?noue iaio ae?aaeaia. O ei??a-ia?a?noie II /a?ac aea?
aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae? ni?ey? c?inoaiith eiioeaio?aoe?? ?iooci??e, EAEE
oa ioeoiai? eeneioe a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,8, 5,0 oa 2,3 %.

AEAe, caiaeiaaia c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio oaa?eiai an?o aeine?aeieo a?oi,
i?eai?/o? ?icaeoie i?e?ioei?e a ia?aaeoeoieao oa ni?ey? c?inoaiith
ai?noo ai?aeo. I?e oeueiio, o aoaaeoe?a i?ney aiae?ae? ia 26,2 oa 44,6 %
c?inoa? eiioeaio?aoe?y caeeoeiaiai oa ai?iiiai acioo.

O oaee/ie aei aiae?ae? ca?eueoo?oueny ia 3,3 eiioeaio?aoe?y caaaeueiiai,
ia 30,0 — caeeoeiaiai oa ia 18,0 % — ai?iiiai acioo, oiae? ye /a?ac aea?
aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae? ai?no caeeoeiaiai ? ai?iiiai acioo i?aeaeuo?oueny
aaea ia 34,3 oa 41,7 %, a eiioeaio?aoe?y ianeyii? eeneioe c?inoa? ia 1,7
i?e cieaeaii? ia 3,8% — i?ii?iiiai?.

O ei??a-ia?a?noie i?ney aiae?ae? ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai acioo ia
8,1 % a?aeaoaa?oueny a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie caeeoeiaiai, a oiio /ene? ?
ai?iiiai acioo, eiioeaio?aoe?y yeeo c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 37,1 oa
18,7 %.

Ii?aeiaiiy II c AEAe o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio ?ioaineo?eo? ?icaeoie
?iooci??e oa aaeoa??e a ?oaoe? oaeeoeue i?ioyaii anueiai ia??iaeo
caiaeiaoaaiiy. O aoaaeoe?a oa ei??a-ia?a?noie oey iniaeea?noue a?eueo
ae?aaeaia i?ney aiae?ae?. E??i oeueiai, i?ney aiae?ae? a ?oaoe? an?o
aeine?aeieo oaa?ei niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai oa
a?eeiaiai acioo ia 9-12 %, oiae? ye ??aaiue caeeoeiaiai oa ai?iiiai ia?
oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy. Eiioeaio?aoe?y EAEE o ?oaoe? aoaaeoe?a
c?inoa? ye aei aiae?ae?, oae ? i?ney, a?aeiia?aeii, ia 7,3 oa 15,0 %, o
oaee/ie — ia 5,1 oa 5,6 %, a o ei??a-ia?a?noie — ia 3,9 oa 6,7 %, ui
iaoiiaeaii a iniiaiiio ca?eueoaiiyi ??aiy i?ii?iiiai? eeneioe.

sse aeaeii c aeaieo oaaeeoe? 6, o ai?no? ?oaoey aoaaeoe?a ae?oaiai
iieie?iiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae ia?oiai, II aeeeeea? ciaioaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai oa caeeoeiaiai acioo aei aiae?ae?
a?aeiia?aeii ia 8,6 oa 20,4 %, oiae? ye o oaeeoeue oeueiai ae iieie?iiy
niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ?icaeoeo i?e?ioei?e a ?oaoe?
ii??aiyii c ia?oei iieie?iiyi, a ??aaiue caeeoeiaiai oa ai?iiiai acioo
aei aiae?ae? cieaeo?oueny a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,7 oa 13,8 %. ?aaeoe?y
i?aai?cio ei??a ia II iaio ae?aaeaia. O ai?no? ?oaoey oaa?ei an?o
aeine?aeieo a?oi a?i noeioeth? c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? EAEE.

A ?oaoe? oaeeoeue 16-i?ny/iiai a?eo /a?ac aea? aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae?
AEAe aeaui i?eai?/o? ?icaeoie i?e?ioei?e, ui a naith /a?ao ni?ey?
cieaeaiith eiioeaio?aoe?? a?eeiaiai oa ca?eueoaiith — caeeoeiaiai ?
ai?iiiai acioo a?aeiia?aeii ia 29,3 oa 42,1 %. I?e oeueiio iacia/ii
cieaeo?oueny ai?no EAEE, na?aae yeeo a??ia?aeii c?inoa?
eiioeaio?aoe?y ianeyi? eeneioe. Iiae?aiee

15

ia?aa?a i?ioean?a i?ae aieeaii AEAe a?aeaoaa?oueny ? a ?oaoe? aoaaeoe?a
oa ei??a-ia?a?noie. Iaeiae o aoaaeoe?a, oaeeoeue oa ei??a-ia?a?noie
/a?ac aea? aiaeeie i?ney aiae?ae? c?inoa? eiioeaio?aoe?y ai?aeo
a?aeiia?aeii ia 15,2; 11,7 oa 22,3 %.

Caiaeiaoaaiiy II ?acii c AEAe ni?ey? ?ioaineai?oiio ?icaeoeo i?e?ioei?e
a ?oaoe? oaa?ei an?o aeine?aeieo a?oi, ye aei, oae ? i?ney aiae?ae?,
iniaeeai aaeoa??e, iana yeeo o ei??a ? oaeeoeue i?ney aiae?ae? c?inoa?
a?aeiia?aeii ia 10,4 oa 10,0 %. AEAe ? II ni?eythoue oaeiae i?aeaeuaiith
ai?noo caaaeueiiai oa a?eeiaiai acioo ? cieaeaiith caeeoeiaiai oa
ai?iiiai. Cieaeaiiy inoaiiueiai o aoaaeoe?a oa ei??a ? ia?noioiei, oiae?
ye o oaeeoeue i?ney aiae?ae? aaee/eia oeueiai iieacieea aoea ieae/ith
a?aeiinii eiio?ieth ia 11,8 %. ?acii c oei, i?ae ae??th AEAe ? II o
ai?no? ?oaoey oaa?ei c?inoa? eiioeaio?aoe?y EAEE, a naia: o aoaaeoe?a ye
aei, oae ? i?ney aiae?ae? a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,2 oa 3,9 %, oiae? ye o
oaeeoeue oa ei??a-ia?a?noie — ia 5,9 oa 5,4 % eeoa i?ney aiae?ae?. I?e
oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy i?ii?iiiai?
eeneioe oa ciaioaiiy ianeyii?.

Ioaea, AEAe oa II, ii?aeiai? o neeaae? ei?i?a, ni?eythoue c?inoaiith
a?iiane ia?aaeoeoie?a oa i?aeaeuaiith eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeueiiai ?
a?eeiaiai acioo.

Aieea AEAe oa II ia ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea, aeueaoi?i?a ? aeiaoe?i?a
o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

Anoaiiaeaii, ui II, aeeth/aiee aei neeaaeo ei?i?a, ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith
ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
??cieo noaoaaeo ? a?eiaeo a?oi a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?i?a (oaae.
7). Oae, ?o ai?no o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoaa?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 4-6,
16-18 oa 24-36 i?nyoe?a i?aeaeuo?oueny a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,2, 9,1 oa
13,9, a ae?oaiai — ia 13,2, 15,5 oa 19,7 %, oiae? ye o oaeeoeue
ia?oiai iieie?iiy 4-6- oa 16-18-i?ny/iiai a?eo — ia 10,6 oa 12,9, a o
oaee/ie 4-6- i?ny/iiai a?eo oa ei??a-ia?a?noie ae?oaiai iieie?iiy —
a?aeiia?aeii ia 11,3 oa 13,5 %. Ii?yae c oeei, ai?no aeiaoe?i?a ia?
oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy, iniaeeai o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaa?ei ae?oaiai
iieie?iiy. Oae, o aoaaeoe?a 4-6-i?ny/iiai a?eo ?o eiioeaio?aoe?y o
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? cieaeo?oueny ia 9,0 %, i?e/iio ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy
eiioeaio?aoe?? ?-, ?- oa ?-aeiaoe?i?a, a o aoaa?a 24-36- i?ny/iiai a?eo
eeoa ia 1,2 %. Aiaeia?/i? ci?ie niinoa??aaeeny o oaee/ie 4-6-i?ny/iiai
a?eo oa ei??a-ia?a?noie.

AEAe, caiaeiaaia i?aeaeine?aeiei oaa?eiai, i?ecaiaeeoue aei iacia/iiai
cieaeaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea a iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy
aeueaoi?iiai? o?aeoe??.Oae, o e?ia? oaee/ie ae?oaiai iieie?iiy a?eii 4-6
i?nyoe?a cieaeaiiy ??aiy caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 1,1 % a?aeaoaa?oueny ca
?aooiie ciaioaiiy ai?noo aeueaoi?i?a. ?acii c oei ia 15,1 %
ca?eueoo?oueny ai?no aeiaoe?i?a, a naia ?-aeiaoe?i?a, oiae? ye o
aoaaeoe?a aiaeia?/iiai a?eo a??ia?aeieo ci?i ai?noo a?eea oa eiai
o?aeoe?e o ne?i-aaooe? e?ia? ia anoaiiaeaii. O ei??a ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai
iieie?iue AEAe ni?ey? cie-aeaiith ??aiy caaaeueiiai a?eea ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiith ai?noo aeueaoi?i?a, oiae? 16

ye o aoaa?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 24-36 i?nyoe?a ciaioaiiy ai?noo
caaaeueiiai a?eea ia 0,9 % a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy ia 3,9 %
??aiy aeiaoe?i?a.

I?e ii?aeiaii? a ?aoe?ii? aoaa?a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ia?oiai iieie?iiy
AEAe oa II niinoa??aa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea a
ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaa?ei a?aeiia?aeii ia 6,3, 5,8 oa 7,5 %, a ae?oaiai
— ia 3,3, 7,7 oa 6,8 % ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?i?a.

Iacia/ia c?inoaiiy ??aiy aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?? a?eea i?ioiaeeoue a
iniiaiiio ca ?aooiie ?-aeiaoe?i?a, oiae? ye o aoaaeoe?a 16-18-i?ny/iiai
a?eo — ?- oa ?-aeiaoe?i?a.

O oaee/ie ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 4-6-i?nyoe?a i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo
caaaeueiiai a?eea a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaaaeii ca
?aooiie aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe??, i?e oeueiio ia 15,2 % i?aeaeuo?oueny
ai?no aeiaoe?i?a, oiae? ye o ei??a-ia?a?noie ??aaiue caaaeueiiai a?eea
c?inoa? o ia?oiio iieie?ii? ia 6,0 %, a o ae?oaiio — ia 6,2 % ca ?aooiie
aeueaoi?i?a ? aeiaoe?i?a.

Oaeei /eiii, AEAe oa II, caiaeiaai? c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio, ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith ai?noo caaaeueiiai a?eea oa eiai o?aeoe?e a ne?iaaooe?
e?ia? oaa?ei ??ciiai a?eo oa noao? i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue ca ?aooiie
ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? i?e?iaiiai a?eea a ?oaoe?.

Aieea AEAe oa II ia ai?no na/iaeie ? acioo na/iaeie a e?ia? oa na/?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caiaeiaoaaiiy aoaayi ??ciia?eiaeo a?oi II ia aeeeeea?
?noioieo ci?i eiioeaio?aoe?? na/iaeie oa acioo na/iaeie a e?ia? ? na/?
(oaae. 8). I?ioa, o oaa?ei iaeiieiaeoiai a?eo niinoa??aa?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy caaaeaieo iieaciee?a, a o oaa?ei noa?oeo
a?eiaeo a?oi, iaaiaee, eiioeaio?aoe?y na/iaeie a e?ia? c?inoa?. O
oaee/ie ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 4-6 i?nyoe?a ai?no acioo na/iaeie a
e?ia? ciaioo?oueny ia 5,6 % oa na/iaeie a na/? — ia 2,9, oiae? ye o
ae?oaiai — e?euee?noue acioo na/iaeie a na/? ciaioo?oueny eeoa ia 2,8 %.
O oaeeoeue 16-18-i?ny/iiai a?eo noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeieo ci?i ia
aeyaeaii. O ei??a-ia?a?noie ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?aei?/aii iacia/ia
c?inoaiiy ai?noo na/iaeie a e?ia? oa cieaeaiiy ?? ??aiy a na/?.

AEAe, iaaiaee, noeioeth? c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? na/iaeie ? acioo
na/iaeie a e?ia? oa na/? oaa?ei ??cieo a?eiaeo ? noaoaaeo a?oi.

I?e ii?aeiaii? AEAe c II o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio a?aei?/a?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeaieo iieaciee?a a e?ia? oa
na/? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, a naia: o aoaaeoe?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy
a?eii 16-18 i?nyoe?a ??aiy acioo na/iaeie ia 9,8 oa 4,7 %, o aoaa?a
24-26-i?ny/iiai a?eo ai?noo inoaiiueiai a e?ia? ia 17,3 %, oiae? ye o
aoaa?a ae?oaiai iieie?iiy ?noioieo ci?i ia aeyaeaii.

Oaaeeoey 8

24

O oaee/ie ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oi ia?oiai iieie?iiy eiioeaio?aoe?y acioo
na/iaeie a na/? c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,9, 12,5 oa 2,4 %., a o oaa?ei
ae?oaiai iieie?iiy — ia 4,1, 7,3 oa 2,2 % a?aeiinii eiio?ieth.

Oaeei /eiii, AEAe ? II, ii?aeiai? a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, ni?eythoue
i?ieiiaoaaiith ?iciaaeo na/iaeie oa canai?iith acioo na/iaeie
i?e?ioei?ith ?oaoey oaa?ei ??cieo a?eiaeo ? noaoaaeo a?oi.

Aaciaia?aaoe/iee iai?i o oaa?ei i?ae aieeaii AEAe oa II

A?aeiii, ui aaciaia?aaoe/iee iai?i ? iaeiei ?c iieaciee?a neeaaeieo
iai?iieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei ?
a?aeia?aaeathoue eiai o?c?ieia?/iee noai, ia yeee aaeeeee aieea iathoue
ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi? oaeoi?e, iaeiei c yeeo ? aiae?aey. O ca’yceo c oeei
eaaaiaaee aaciiai?i ? iieacieeii nooiaiy i?enoiniaaiino? aei ia?
i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae.

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeaeu? iieacieee aaioeeyoe?? eaaaiue a
ia?a?aooieo ia 1 ea aeeai? iane aoee o aoaa?a ? oaeeoeue ??cieo a?eiaeo
a?oi, yeei i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue c ei?iaie iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio
caiaeiaoaaee AEAe (oaae.9). Iaeiae, oa?aeoa?ii, ui ?ioaineai?noue
aaioeeyoe?? eaaaiue o aoaaeoe?a c a?eii cieaeoaaeanue, a o oaee/ie
c?inoaea. Oae, o aoaaeoe?a iaio iieie?iue, a iniaeeai ae?oaiai — a?eii
4-6 i?nyoe?a, aiia c?inea a?aeiia?aeii ia 18,9 %, a o aoaaeoe?a
16-18-i?ny/iiai a?eo oeae iieaciee ca?eueoeany anueiai ia 11,5 %, oiae?
ye o aoaa?a 2-3-??/iiai a?eo — ia 4%.

Oaaeeoey 9

Aaioeeyoe?y eaaaiue oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi, e/oa/ea aeeai? iane

A?oie oaa?eiA o a a ?O a e e oe ?A?e (i?n.)IIIIIIIVIIIIIIIV

4 — 60,148

0,1430,144

0,120 *0,175

0,170 **0,156

0,1440,183

0,1820,179

0,1860,204 *

0,196 *0,190

0,179

16 — 180,123

0,1040,123

0,0190,132 *

0,116 *0,121

0,0990,154

0,1390,139 *

0,1300,165 *

0,1570,149

0,143

24 — 360,103

0,1000,101

0,0910,111 *

0,1040,106

0,0950,123

0,1370,125

0,1330,138 *

0,1470,124

0,132

O oaee/ie ia?oiai iieie?iiy, aiaeia?a ca a?eii, aeaiee iieaciee
ca?eueoeany a?aeiia?aeii ia 11,5, 7,1 oa 12,2 %, a o ae?oaiai —
noaa?e?coaaany.

Iaeiae, II ye ie?aii, oae ? a ii?aeiaii? c AEAe, a neeaae? ei?i?a
?aoe?iio, ni?eya ii?iae?caoe?? eaaaiaaiai aeeoaiiy.

Aeyaeai? ci?ie iaoiiaeai? ??ciith ?ioaineai?noth ieenii-a?aeiiaieo
i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei, i?i ui na?ae/aoue iieacieee
niiaeeaaiiy ieie eenith ? aeae?eaiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco (oaae. 10).

Oae, o aoaaeoe?a, i?ae aieeaii AEAe oe? iieacieee iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei
ca?eueoaiiy, iniaeeai o oaa?ei ae?oaiai iieie?iiy a?eii 16-18 i?nyoe?a,
a yeeo inoaii? c?inee a?aeiinii eiio?ieth a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,6 oa 21,0 %,
aeaui ciaiooth/enue o noa?oiio a?oe?. O oaee/ie ??aaiue niiaeeaaiiy
eenith oa aeae?eaiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco iaa ae?aaeaiee a?eiaee oa?aeoa?,
ca?eueooth/enue ia 5,3 oa 6,7 % o oaa?ei ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 4-6
i?nyoe?a ? ia 8,4 oa 16,5 % o 24-36-i?ny/ieo ei??a ae?oaiai iieie?iiy.

II ia aeeeeeaa aeinoia??ieo ci?i ??aiy niiaeeaaiiy eenith ? aeae?eaiiy
aoaeaeeneiai aaco. Eeoa o ei??a-ia?a?noie niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei
cieaeaiiy oeeo iieaciee?a.

Oaaeeoey 10

?ioaineai?noue aaciiai?io oa aia?aiaeo?ao o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi

A?oie oaa?eiA o a a ? O a e e oe ?A?e
(i?n.)IIIIIIIVIIIIIIIVNiiaeeaaiiy eenith, ie/oa/ea

4 — 65,13

5,075,39

4,755,34 *

5,20 *5,21

5,126,27

6,276,31

6,446,60 *

6,45 *6,38 *

6,39

16 — 184,29

4,384,40

4,354,51 *

4,80 **4,22

4,445,03

5,025,10

5,095,61 **

5,36 *5,24

5,16

24 — 363,77

3,953,83

4,023,99 **

4,20**3,99

4,004,22

4,194,19

4,134,62 *

4,54**4,31

4,07Aeae?eaiiy NI2 , ie/oa/ea

4 — 63,65

3,653,95

3,514,32 **

4,11 *4,02

3,645,10

4,704,89 *

4,765,44 **

5,54***5,23 *

5,12

16 — 183,40

3,293,52

3,353,88 **

3,98 **3,42

3,504,17

4,064,13

4,114,94 **

4,63 **4,45

4,33

24 — 363,12

3,313,45

3,303,49*

3,75 **3,35

3,403,59

3,513,55

3,384,20**

4,09 *3,84

3,56Aia?aiaeo?aoe, eeae/aiae/ea

4 — 61,53

1,521,56

1,43 *1,63 *

1,59 *1,58

1,541,81

1,831,80

1,851,91 *

1,94 *1,85

1,89

16 — 181,27

1,241,31

1,241,36 **

1,39 **1,26

1,271,46

1,451,43

1,471,65 **

1,57 **1,53

1,50

24 — 361,09

1,191,11

1,171,17 **

1,07 **1,16

1,171,20

1,221,22

1,201,37 **

1,34 **1,27

1,25

AEAe oa II, ii?aeiai? o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, ni?eyee noaa?e?caoe??
aaciaia?aaoe/iiai iai?io.

?ioaineai?noue i?io?eaiiy a i?aai?ci? ieenii-a?aeiiaieo ?aaeoe?e o?nii
iia’ycaia ?c iieacieeii oaieii?iaeoeoe??. sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, o
oaa?ei iaio noaoae, iniaeeai oaeeoeue 16-18-i?ny/iiai a?eo, i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy aaciiai?io noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny aeinoia??iei c?inoaiiyi
aia?aaoe/iiai iai?io i?ae aieeaii AEAe, oiae? ye o oaa?ei ?ioeo
aeine?aeieo a?oi aeinoia??ieo ci?i ia niinoa??aaeiny.

Oaeei /eiii, AEAe noeioethaaea, a a ii?aeiaii? c II noaa?e?coaaea
ieenii-a?aeiiai? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

Aieea AEAe oa II ia aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a oa ai?no aoaeaaiae?a ?
i?aai?/ieo eeneio a i?aai?ci? aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

Oaiaeaioe?th aei iacia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? eaoaeace,
aeueaeieace, aeai?iai?iio?ainoa?ace (AEO) ? cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino?
oa?iaio?a eeano ieneaei?aaeoeoac, oaeeo ye noeoeeiaoaeaa?ae?iaaiaca
(NAeA), iaeaoaeaa?ae?iaaiaca (IAeA) oa eaeoaoaeaa?ae?iaaiaca (EAeA) aoei
a?aei?/aii o e?ia? ei??a-ia?a?noie, yeei i?ioyaii aeeooy caiaeiaoaaee
AEAe a ii?aeiaii? c II o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio. I?e oeueiio aoei
anoaiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiy ia 8,4 % ai?noo aetheice.

Iaeiae, i?e caiaeiaoaaii? o?eueee AEAe o e?ia? oaa?ei ai?no NAeA
iacia/ii cieaeoaaany, oiae? ye ioeoiai? oa iiei/ii? eeneio i?aeaeuoaaany
a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,5 ? 9,4 %.

II ni?eya cieaeaiith aeoeaiino? eeoa NAeA ? EAeA oa iacia/iiio
i?aeaeuaiith — aeueaeieace ? AEO. I?e oeueiio eiioeaio?aoe?y ioeoiai?
eeneioe c?inea ia 12,5 %.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui caiaeiaoaaiiy AEAe oa II aieeioei ia
??aaiue aoaeaaiae?a ? i?aai?/ieo eeneio oa aeoeai?noue ?o oa?iaio?a a
oeaieiao ? i?aaiao aeiaiaiai iieiaeiyea.

Oae, AEAe oa II, caiaeiaai? ?acii c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio, ia aeeeeeaee
aeinoia??ieo ci?i aeoeaiino? aeuacaaaeaieo oa?iaio?a a ia/?ioe?, ie?eao
oa i’ycia?e oeaiei?. Iaeiae iaei i?noea i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ioeoiai?
eeneioe a ia/?ioe? ia 20,0 %, a o i’ycia?e oeaiei? — ioeoiai? ? iiei/ii?
eeneio, a?aeiia?aeii ia 20,0 oa 4,4 %.

I?ae aieeaii AEAe, caiaeiaaii? c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio, niinoa??aaeany
oaiaeaioe?y aei iacia/iiai i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a eeano
ieneaei?aaeoeoac oa ai?noo o i’ycia?e oeaiei? ioeoiai? eeneioe i?e
iacia/iiio ciaioaii? iiei/ii?.

I?e caiaeiaoaaii? o?eueee II o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio niinoa??aaeiny
eeoa c?inoaiiy o i’ycia?e oeaiei? ai?noo ioeoiai? eeneioe.

Ioaea, AEAe oa II, ii?aeiai? a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, noeioethaaee
aoaeaaiaeiee iai?i a i?aai?ci? ei??a-ia?a?noie ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai
iieie?iue, ui i?iyaeeiny i?aeaeuaiiyi ai?noo ie?aieo iaoaaie?o?a aeaiiai
iai?io a i?aaiao ? oeaieiao aeiaiaeo oaeyo o?aoueiai iieie?iiy.

Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a-ia?a?noie ca ei?aeoe?? i?ioa?iiaiai ?
i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui o ei??a-ia?a?noie /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee
ia?oiai iieie?iiy, yeei o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio caiaeiaoaaee II,
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee iaae?e iieiea ia ei?iao neeaaeaa 9,56 i?ioe 9,18 ea,
ui ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith iaaeith iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th ia 114 ea. I?e
oeueiio a iieioe? iacia/ii i?aeaeueany ai?no aee?o, oeoe?o oa ciee
ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueieie iieacieeaie.

O ei??a, ye? io?eioaaee AEAe, na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee iaae?e aoa ia 0,2 ea
aeuei, a aee?i?noue caeeoeeanue ia ??ai? eiio?ieth. I?e oeueiio iaae?e
iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th neeaaeaa 2814 ea.

Caiaeiaoaaiiy a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio AEAe a ii?aeiaii? c II
noeioethaaei c?inoaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo iaaei?a iieiea ia 11,2 %. I?e
oeueiio iaae?e iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th neeaaeaa 3063,0 ea, ui ia 309 ea
a?eueoa a?ae eiio?ieueiiai iieacieea. Na?aaei?e ai?no aee?o a iueiio aoa
3,51 %. ?acii c oei a iieioe? niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy nooi? ?a/iaeie, a?eea, oeoe?o oa ciee.

O ei??a ae?oaiai iieie?iiy aoaeoeai?noue caiaeiaoaaiiy AEAe a ii?aeiaii?
c II aeyaeeanue cia/ii aeuith. Oae, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith
na?aaeiueiaeiaia? iaaei? o ieo c?inee ia 17,6 %, ai?no aee?o a iieioe?
ia 0,16 %, ui noaiiaeei 3261 ea iieiea ca eaeoaoe?th i?e na?aaeiueiio
ai?no? aee?o 3,57 %. A iieioe? c?inea e?euee?noue nooi? ?a/iaeie oa
a?eea a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,32 oa 0,07 %.

Cia/ii ieae/? iieacieee aoee iaea?aeai? i?e caiaeiaoaaii? a neeaae?
ei?i?a ?aoe?iio o?eueee II.

Ioaea, AEAe a ii?aeiaii? c II o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, ni?eyea
i?aeaeuaiith iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ei??a-ia?a?noie i?ioyaii aeaio
iieie?iue.

Iaethiie 1

I’ynia i?iaeoeoeai?noue aoaa?a ca ei?aeoe?? i?ioa?iiaiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai
aeeaeaiiy

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie iieacaii, ui caiaeiaoaaiiy II o neeaae?
ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio aoaayi ia a?aeaiae?ae? i?ioyaii aei?iuoaaiiy,
ae?iuoaaiiy ? caeeth/iiai aoaio a?aeaiae?ae? ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane, aiane?aeie /iai aaniethoiee
i?e??no a e?ioe? a?aeaiae?ae? c??n ia 6,4 %. I?e oeueiio caa?eiee aeo?ae
noaiiaea a na?aaeiueiio 54,9 i?ioe 54,4 % o eiio?ie?. E??i oeueiai, iana
aioo??oi?o i?aai?a aoaa?a aeine?aeieo a?oi oa ai?no ciee ? a?eea o
iaeaeiaoiio i’yc? nieie oaeiae aoee aeueie a?ae aiaeia?/ieo iieaciee?a
oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

I?e caiaeiaoaaii? a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio naii? AEAe aaniethoiee
i?e??no aeeai? iane aoaa?a oa iane ?o aioo??oi?o i?aai?a caeeoeany
iaeaea ia ??ai? eiio?ieueiiai iieacieea.

I?e ii?aeiaii? o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio AEAe oa II a?aei?/aii
i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a ia 0,110 ea, aiane?aeie /iai
aaeiaee i?e??no aeeai? iane aoaa?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy a e?ioe?
a?aeaiae?ae? aoa a?eueoee ia 12,5 %, a caa?eiee aeo?ae — ia 1,2 %.
Ca?eueoeeany iana aioo??oi?o i?aai?a oa i?aeaeueany ia 2,2 % ai?no a?eea
a iaeaeiaoiio i’yc? nieie.

I?e caiaeiaoaaii? a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio AEAe o ii?aeiaii? c II
aoaayi ae?oaiai iieie?iiy, aeuacaaaeai? iieacieee aeyaeeenue cia/ii
aeueie, i?ae o oaa?ei ia?oiai iieie?iiy. Oae, na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe
aeeai? iane aoaa?a ca?eueoeeenye ia 0,149 ea ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith
a?oiith, a aaniethoiee aeo?ae aeeai? iane — ia 17,3 %.

Ioaea, ii?aeiaiiy AEAe c II a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio ni?eyee
i?aeaeuaiith i’ynii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? aoaa?a.

Iaethiie 2

A?aeoai?thaaeueia caeaoi?noue aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

sse iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, AEAe oa II, caiaeiaai? a
neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio, aieeaathoue ia a?aeoai?thaaeueio caeaoi?noue
ei??a.

Oae, iieaciee in?iai?iiy aei 45 aei?a i?ney ?iae?a ei??a-ia?a?noie
ia?oiai iieie?iiy, ui io?eioaaee II, ciaioeany ia 3%, a i?ae aieeaii
AEAe — caeeoeany ia ??ai? eiio?ieth, oiae? ye ii?aeiaiiy oeeo
?ia?aae??io?a a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio aeeeeeaei ca?eueoaiiy aeaiiai
iieacieea ia 2,9 %. I?e oeueiio caie?aeieeinue a?aeiia?aeii 91,2, 76,5
oa 97,1 i?ioe 84,4 % ei??a, na?aae yeeo ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a ?iae?a
noaiiaea 96,8, 84,6 oa 97,0 % i?ioe 92,6 % a eiio?ie?. ?acii c oei, o
ei??a inoaiiuei? a?oie iana iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai iieiaeiyea aoea ia 2,1 ea
aeuith a?ae eiio?ieueiiai iieacieea, oiae? ye i?e aeei?enoaii? AEAe aiia
aeaui ciaioeeanue.

O ei??a ae?oaiai iieie?iiy, yeei c ei?iaie caiaeiaoaaee eeoa II,
iieaciee in?iaiaiiy oa caie?aeiaiiy noaiiaea a?aeiia?aeii 75 oa 93,8 %
i?ioe 62,5 ? 86,7 % a eiio?ie?, i?e ii?iaeueiiio ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ?
ca?eueoaii? iane iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo ia 2,5 ea.

Iaeiae, AEAe ni?eyea cieaeaiith iieacieea caie?aeiaiiy ei??a
a?aeiia?aeii ia 6,7 %. ?acii c oei ii?iaeueiee ia?aa?a ?iae?a a?aei?/aii
o 83,3 % oaa?ei, a iana iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaeyo aoea ia 6,9 ea ieae/ith
a?ae iane oaeyo-aiaeia?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie.

? eeoa ii?aeiaiiy AEAe oa II o neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio i?e caiaeiaoaaii?
ei?iaai i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue ni?eyei c?inoaiith aoaeoeaiino?
in?iai?iiy, 100% caie?aeiaii? oa ii?iaeueiiio ia?aa?ao ?iae?a ?
ia?iaeaeaiith iieiaeiyea ianith, ia 4 ea a?eueoith a?ae eiio?ieth.

Ioaea, ii?aeiaiiy a ?aoe?ii? AEAe oa II ia? iiceoeaiee aieea ia
a?aeoai?thaaeueio caeaoi?noue ei??a, iniaeeai o ae?oaiio iieie?ii?.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a aiae?ae? AEAe oa II

II, aeeth/aiee aei neeaaeo ei?i?a ?aoe?iio ei??a-ia?a?noie ia?oiai
iieie?iiy, cieaeo? aeo?aoe ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 ea
iieiea ia 4 % oa i?aeaeuo? eiai aaniethoiee iaae?e a ?ic?aooieo ia
aacenio aee?i?noue ia 4,1 %. I?e oeueiio cieaeo?oueny nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe
iieiea ia 3,1 % oa i?aeaeuo?oueny /enoee aeio?ae ia 0,87 a?i, a
?aioaaaeuei?noue noaiiaeoue 25,6 i?ioe 21,7 % a eiio?ie?.

Ii?yae c oeei, caiaeiaoaaiiy c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio AEAe ni?ey? cieaeaiith
aeo?ao ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 ea iieiea eeoa ia 2,4 %, a
nia?aa?oino? 1 oe iieiea — ia 1,5%. I?e oeueiio aaniethoiee iaae?e
iieiea aoa iaaenieee, a /enoee aeio?ae ? ?aioaaaeuei?noue iacia/i?.

I?e ii?aeiaii? AEAe oa II a?aei?/aii i?aeaeuaiiy aaniethoiiai iaaeith
iieiea ia 11,2 %, a a ia?a?aooieo ia 4%-io aee?i?noue — ia 13,1 %. I?e
oeueiio cao?aoe ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 ea iieiea
ciaioeeenue ia 9,5 % ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith.

O ei??a aiaeia?/ii? a?oie ae?oaiai iieie?iiy caaaeai? iieacieee
a?aeiinii eiio?ieth cia/ii c?inee, oiae? ye o oaa?ei, ye? io?eioaaee c
ei?iaie ?aoe?iio eeoa AEAe, iaaiaee, cieceeenue.

Caiaeiaoaaiiy c ei?iaie ?aoe?iio aoaaeoeyi ia?oiai iieie?iiy II ni?eyei
cieaeaiith aeo?ao ei?iiaeo iaeeieoeue ia 1 ea i?e?inoo aeeai? iane ia
6,0 %. ?aioaaaeuei?noue ae?iaieoeoaa neeaaeaea 45,6 %.

Ii?yae c oeei i?e caiaeiaoaaii? AEAe ?aioaaaeuei?noue aoea ia 3,3 %
aeuith a?ae eiio?ieueiiai iieacieea, ui aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei.

Iaeiae, iaeaeuee iieaciee ?aioaaaeueiino?, a naia 58,3 %, iaa i?noea i?e
a?aeaiae?ae? oaa?ei, aei ?aoe?iio yeeo aeeth/aee AEAe a ii?aeiaii? c II
ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ia 12,7 % aaeiaiai i?e?inoo, ia 19,6 % /enoiai
aeioiaeo i?e ciaioaii? ia 11,1 % aeo?ao e.i. ia 1 ea ae?iaeaii?
i?iaeoeoe??. I?e oeueiio a ae?oaiio iieie?ii? aaeiaee i?e??no
ca?eueoeany ia 17,4 %, /enoee aeio?ae — ia 28,0 i?e ciaioaii? ia 15,0 %
aeo?ao e.i. ia ae?iaieoeoai 1 ea i?iaeoeoe??, a ?aioaaaeuei?noue
neeaaeaea 63,7%.

A E N I I A E E

1. Aeey i?ieiiaoaaiiy ?icuaieaiiy na/iaeie a ia?aaeoeoieao ooaeiae
inoaiith iaiao?aeii caiaeiaoaaoe o aeaeyae? AEAe — i?iaeoeoo aeno?oc??
ceaeiaeo ca?iiaeo, na/iaeie ? aaioii?oo iao??th o ni?aa?aeiioaii? 75, 20
oa 5%, i?iaaaeaii? /a?ac aeno?oaea?e ia?ee EIC i?e oaiia?aoo?? +160°N oa
oeneo 30 aoiinoa? i?ney 10-aeaiiiai i?aeaioia/iai ia??iaeo.

2. Cai?ia 20% ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io ei?i?a ?aoe?iio oaa?ei AEAe ni?ey?
??aiii??iiio canai?iith i?e?ioei?ith ?oaoey acioo na/iaeie.

3. I?ia?aeueiee i?ai?en o neeaae?: i??eaeieneio — 0,1, noeueoaoo oeeieo
— 0,2, noeueoaoo i?ae? — 0,005 oa eiaeenoiai eae?th — 0,03 ia/ea aeeai?
iane noeioeth? iai?ii? i?ioeane a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei oa i?ieiiao?
a?ae?ie?c na/iaeie.

4. Caiaeiaoaaiiy a neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio AEAe oa II
oaa?eiai ??cieo a?eiaeo oa noaoaaeo a?oi ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith
eiao?oe??ioa ia?ao?aaiino? i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie, i?ioa?io oa ee?oeiaeie.

5. Ca?eueoaiiy a ?oaoe? aoaa?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy a?eii 16 i?nyoe?a
e?eueeino? ?iooci??e oa aaeoa??e, ia 2,8 oa 9,6 % i?ae aieeaii AEAe,
ii?aeiaii? c II o neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio, ni?eyei
ca?eueoaiith ia 10,6 % e?eueeino? a?eeiaiai acioo, oiae? ye o oaa?ei
ae?oaiai iieie?iiy aaee/eia oeueiai iieacieea c?inea ia 12,4%.

6. O oaee/ie, aiaeia?a ca a?eii, aiane?aeie cia/iiai c?inoaiiy a?iiane
?oaoey, aeeeeeaiiai aieeaii AEAe oa II, iniaeeai ae?oaiai iieie?iiy,
ai?no caaaeueiiai oa a?eeiaiai acioo ca?eueoeany a?aeiia?aeii ia 9,9 oa
17,8 %.

7. Aeoeaaoe?y ?iciiiaeaiiy i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ?oaoey ai?aeieiioeaio?aoiith
aeiaaaeith oa i?ia?aeueiei i?ai?enii aeeeeeaea ca?eueoaiiy noia?ii?
e?eueeino? EAEE, iniaeeai o aoaa?a ye ia?oiai, oae ? ae?oaiai iieie?iiy.

8. I?ae aieeaii AEAe oa II a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aoaa?a iaio iieie?iue
c?inoa? ai?no caaaeueiiai a?eea, i?e/iio ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?i?a, a o
oaee/ie 4-6- oa 16-18- i?ny/iiai a?eo — aeiaoe?i?a, oiae? ye o
2-3-??/ieo ei??a — ca ?aooiie aeueaoi?iiai? ? aeiaoe?iiai? o?aeoe?e.

9. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoia aeiaaaea oa i?ia?aeueiee i?ai?en, ii?aeiai? a
neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio, ni?eyee ca?eueoaiith ??aiy acioo
na/iaeie a na/? oaeeoeue ia?oiai iieie?iiy ia 7,6, a ae?oaiai — ia 4,6
%, a oie /an ye o aoaa?a aeai? ci?ie aoee iaio ae?aaeai?.

10. Aeuacaaaeai? ?ia?aae??ioe ni?eyee iacia/iiio c?inoaiith niiaeeaaiiy
eenith ? aeae?eaiiy aoaeaeeneiai aaco, iniaeeai o oaee/ie 4-6-i?ny/iiai
a?eo ia?oiai iieie?iiy. E??i oiai, niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei
iacia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao a iniiaiiio o oaa?ei ??ciia?eiaeo ?
??ciinoaoaaeo a?oi ia?oiai iieie?iiy i?e cieaeaii? aaee/eie oeeo
iieaciee?a o ae?oaiio iieie?ii?.

11. AEAe oa II ni?eyee c?inoaiith ?ioaineaiino? aoaeaaiaeiiai iai?io oa
aeoeaiino? oa?iaio?a a i?aai?ci? ei??a-ia?a?noie ae?oaiai iieie?iiy, i?i
ui na?ae/aoue iiceoeai? iaoaaie?/i? ci?ie a ?oaoe?.

12. A i?aaiao ? oeaieiao iaeiiaeiaiaeo oaeyo o?aoueiai iieie?iiy
??aaiue oa?iaio?a eeano ieneaei?aaeoeoac, a?ae?ieac, ai?iio?ainoa?ac iaa
oaiaeaioe?th aei iacia/iiai c?inoaiiy, a ai?no iaoaaie?o?a aoaeaaiaeiiai
iai?io aeinoia??ii ca?eueooaaany, ui aeaco? ia i?aeaeuaiiy iai?iieo
i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei.

13. Caiaeiaoaaiiy aeine?aeiei oaa?eiai i?ioyaii aeaio iieie?iue AEAe a
ii?aeiaii? c II o neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio iiceoeaii aieeaaei
ia ?ai?iaeoeoeaio caeaoi?noue oaeeoeue oa ei??a-ia?a?noie.

14. Cai?ia 20 % ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io ei?io AEAe oa ii?aeiaiiy ?? c II
ni?eyei c?inoaiith na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane oaa?ei
ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai iieie?iue a?aeiia?aeii ia 12,5 oa 17,4 % ? cieaeaiith
nia?aa?oino? yeiae/eie — ia 8,7 oa 12,3%.

15. Iiei/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a-ia?a?noie ia?oiai iieie?iiy c?inea
ia 13,1, a ae?oaiai — ia 23,1 %, ui, a naith /a?ao, ni?eyei cieaeaiith
nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ia 7,6 oa 11,0 %.

16. Ii?aeiaiiy a neeaae? ei?i?a iniiaiiai ?aoe?iio AEAe oa II noeioeth?
??no ? ?icaeoie i?e?ii?aai?ci?a ?oaoey, ui ni?ey? iiai?oiio canai?iith
acioo na/iaeie, ?ioaineai?oiio ia?aa?ao iai?iieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?
oaa?ei ? a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? i?aeaeuo? ?o i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa
cieaeo? nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??.

I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

1. Aeey i?ieiiaoaaiiy ?icuaieaiiy na/iaeie a ia?aaeoeoieao ?? iaiao?aeii
caiaeiaoaaoe aaeee?e ?iaao?e ooaeia? o aeaeyae? ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii?
aeiaaaee, aeaioiaeaii? oeyoii aeno?oc?? ioaie/ii? aai y/i?iii? aea?o?,
na/iaeie oa aaioii?oo iao??th o ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo 75, 20, 5% ia
aeno?oaea?ao ia?ee EIC-2.

2. I?ia?aeueiee i?ai?en (i??eaeienei — 0,1, noeueoaoe oeeieo — 0,2 ?
i?ae? — 0,005, eiaeeae eae?th — 0,03 ia/ea iane o?ea) i?iiiio?oueny
caiaeiaoaaoe aaeee?e ?iaao?e ooaeia? ye i?ieiiaaoi? ?icuaieaiiy na/iaeie
oa noeioeyoi? iai?io ?a/iaei a e?eueeino? 0,335 ia/ea aeeai? iane o?ea.

3. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoio aeiaaaeo, ye cai?iiee 20% ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io
ei?io, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny caiaeiaoaaoe ooaeia? ?acii c i?ia?aeueiei
i?ai?enii a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio i?ney 10-aeaiiiai i?aeaioia/iai
ia??iaeo aiae?ae?.

4. Aeiaiao ii?io AEAe oa II, ii?aeiaieo a neeaae? ei?i?a ?aoe?iio,
ne?ae caiaeiaoaaoe ooaeia? o?e?aciai.

5. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo c aiae?ae? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei, a oaeiae a
eaeoe?eieo eo?nao i?e aeeeaaeaii? nooaeaioai a?aeiia?aeiiai iaoa??aeo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Eieooi A.I. Yia?aaoe/aneee iaiai e aaeee e?iae o e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai
neioa ?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii ia ioei?ia // Iiauoaiea i?iaeoeoeaiinoe e
oeo/oaiea ieaiaiiuo ea/anoa e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa: Iao/iua o?oaeu
ONOA. — E., 1974. — Aui. 99. — N. 131-133.

2. Eieooi ?.I., Einaiei I.A. I?ia?aeueiee iai?i i?e a?aeaiae?ae? //
Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1978. — ?11. — N. 38-39.

3. Eieooi ?.I. E?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe caeaaeii a?ae ii?iaeiino? oa
a?aeoai?aiiy // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1979. — ?8. — N. 32-33.

4. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee: aoaeoeai?noue i?e
a?aeaiae?ae? // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1980. — ?10. — N. 20-22.

5. Eieooi A.I., Naieea E.A., Eoeueaa E.E. Aeeyiea aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo
aeiaaaie ia ?ino, ?acaeoea e ea/anoai i?iaeoeoeee ioei?ii/iiai neioa //
AEeaioiiaiaenoai. — 1980. — ?3. — N. 36-37.

6. I?eiaiaiea niaoaiiiai iieiceaa ei?ia-iaoa?ae i?e caaieaaaiee
aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai o?aeoa iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo: Eioi?i. eenoie. //
Eieooi A.I., ssiuoei ss.N., Oieaeo ?.I. — Eueaia, 1980. — ?33. — 2 n.

7. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee — aeaea?aei i?ioa?io aeey
aeoeieo // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1981. — ?12. — N. 37.

8. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee ? iai?ii? i?ioeane o oaa?ei
// Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1981. — ?1. — N. 46.

9. Eieooi ?.I. Aieea ai?aeieiioeaio?aoieo aeiaaaie oa i??eaeieneio ia
oa?iaioe e?ia? // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1981. -? 11. — N. 34.

10. Eieooi ?.I., Noiyiianueeee N.A., A?aaiaee I.A. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
caiaeiaoaaiith ai?aeieiioeaio?aoieo aeiaaaie a?aeaiae?aaeueiiio ?
?aiiioiiio iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae. — Euea?a, 1981. — 31 n.

11. Enneaaeiaaiey aeeyiey ii/aaeiu, iaiaiiie ?aaeoeee ia
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue neioa ia ioei?ia: Eioi?i. eenoie / Eieooi A.I.,
Noiyiianeee N.A., Nooiieoeeee ?.I. e ae?. — Eueaia, 1982. — ?11 — 3 n.

12. Eieooi A.I. Eciaiaiey neecenoie aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai o?aeoa
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo i?e nea?ieeaaiee AEAe iaoaeyi // AEeaioiiaiaenoai.
— 1982. — ?10. — N. 44-46.

13. Eieooi ?.I. Ee??ain i?e caiaeiaoaaii? AEAe ? i??eaeieneio //
Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1982. — ?6. — N. 41.

14. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa aiayaeeiu / Eieooi A.I.,
Noiyiianeee N.A., Aeaeo?eye E.O.e ae?. — Eueaia, 1982. — 44 n.

15. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee // Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. —
1983. — ?4. — N. 30.

16. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoia aeiaaaea a ?aoe?iiao iaoaeae //
Oaa?eiieoeoai Oe?a?ie. — 1984. — ?5. — N. 23.

17. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee e
noeueoao-ie?eaeieneiiaiai i?aieena ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue au/eia //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee atheaoaiue, OIEEO e A naeueneioicyenoaaiuo aeeaioiuo.
— E., 1984. — Aui. 6(3). — N. 27-29.

18. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aieaeieioeaio?aoiuo aeiaaaie ia i?iaeoeoeaiinoue
e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa // Iao?aaeeoeeiiiua ei?ia a ieoaiee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo: Iaoa?eaeu Ia?aiai
Niaaonei-*aoineiaaoeeiai neiiic. — Oaeai?iae, 1984. — N. 90.

19. Eieooi A.I. Eciaiaiea ia?aioeiu ia/aie oaeyo i?e nea?ieeaaiee
iaoaeyi aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee // AEeaioiiaiaenoai. — 1984. -?4.
— N. 44-45.

20. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea nea?ieeaaiey iaoaeyi aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo
aeiaaaie ia ii?oieiae/aneia ninoiyiea aeaeoaei/ii-eeoa/iiai o?aeoa e
i?eieiaea // Aeeaae iieiaeuo o/aiuo e niaoeeaeenoia a eioaineoeeaoeeth
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa: Oac. aeiee. eiio. — E, 1984. — N.
190.

21. Eieooi ?.I. Iai?i ?a/iaei i?e caiaeiaoaaii? AEAe // Oaa?eiieoeoai
Oe?a?ie. — 1984. — ?3. — N. 22-23.

22. Eieooi A.I. Aieaeieiioeaio?aoiua aeiaaaee e i?aieen a ?aoeeiiao
e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa // AEeaioiiaiaenoai. — 1985. — ?4. — N. 53-55.

23. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aeeeoaeueiiai nea?ieeaaiey iaoaeyi ?aoeeiiia,
niaea?aeaueo aieaeieiioeaio?aoiua e ieia?aeueiua aeiaaaee ia
niaea?aeaiea nuai?ioi/ieo aaeeia a eo e?iae e e?iae oaeyo //
Iao/ii-oaoie/aneee atheaoaiue OIEEO e A naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo aeeaioiuo.
— E., 1985. — Aui. 7(2). — N. 18-20.

24. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee ? i?ai?en a ?aoe?iiao
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae // Oac. aeii. 47-? iaoeiai-ae?iaie/i?
eiioa?aioe?? c iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ?inoeoooo. — Euea?a, 1990. —
N. 110.

25. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee, i?aieena e
iioieiaie oaoiieiaee ia ioei?i e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa // Iiaua
oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. 2-ie
iaaeainoaea?noaaiiie, iaaeaociaineie iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. — E., 1990. — N.
49.

26. Eieooi A.I., Eoeueaa E.E. Noeueoaoie?eaeieneiiaue i?aieen
«Noeueoi?eae»: Eioi?i. eenoie. — Eueaia, 1990. — ?21. — 2 n.

27. Eieooi ?.I. Aaciiai?i ? a?eee e?ia? oaeeoeue-iaoaeae i?e
caiaeiaoaaii? ai?aeieiioeaio?aoieo aeiaaaie ? i?ai?eno // Oac. aeii.
i?aeaea?aeaaii? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 110-e ??/ieoe? a?ae aeiy
canioaaiiy ?inoeoooo (1881-1991). — Euea?a, 1991. — N. 27.

28. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee ? i?ai?en — i?ieiiaaoi?
?iciaaeo iaa?eeiaiai acioo a i?aai?ci? aeoeieo // Oa?ia?noai: a/i?a,
nueiaiaei?, caao?a: Oac. aeiiia. 2-i? iaoe.-i?aeo. eiioa?aioe?? —
Euea?a, 1993. — N. 211.

29. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo aeiaaaie e
iiee-ieia?aeueiiai i?aieena ia aeeeieec e aeeeiaaiieec a i?aaiecia
iaoaeae e eo i?eieiaea // Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a
aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. e 5-ie iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1993.
— N. 79.

30. Eieooi A.I. Iieacaoaee oaeaaiaeia e iiei/iie eeneiou a e?iae oaeyo
io ei?ia-ia?aioaeie // Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee:
Oac. aeiee. e 5-ie iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1993. — N. 78.

31. E?aaoeea ?.E., Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea 20% aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee
e iieei?aieena ia aini?iecaiaeeoaeueioth ooieoeeth ei?ia e oaeie //
Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. e 5-ie
iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1993. — N. 12.

32. Eieooi A.I. Aeoeaiinoue oa?iaioia ia?aaieie?iaaiey a e?iae oaeyo
iiae aeeyieai aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee e i?aieena // Iiaua
oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. e 6-e iaaeainoae.
iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1994. — N. 114.

33. Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo aeiaaaie e i?aieena ia
i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e niaea?aeaiea iee?iyeaiaioia a i?aaiao e oeaiyo au/eia
ia ioei?ia // Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee: Oac.
aeiee. 6-e iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1994. — N. 114.

34. Eieooi ?.I. ??aaiue aetheice ? ae?eiaaio a e?ia? oaeyo, ia?iaeaieo
iaoaeyie, ui iaea?aeoaaee 20% ai?aeieiioeaio?aoi? aeiaaaee ? iie?i?ai?en
// I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeainio? oaa?ei oa aoaeoeai?noue ?o
e?eoaaiiy: Oac. aeii. eiio. Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994. — N. 52.

35. E?aaoeea ?.E., Eieooi A.I. Aeeyiea nea?ieeaaiey aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo
aeiaaaie e i?aieena iaoaeyi ia aini?iecaiaeeoaeueioth niiniaiinoue
iiai?iaeaeaiiuo oaeyo // Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a
aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. 6-e iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1994. —
N. 115.

36. Oiiei N.I., Eieooi A.I. Iieacaoaee aini?iecaiaenoaa oaeie i?e
eniieueciaaiee a ei?ieaiee aieaeieiioeaio?aoiuo aeiaaaie e i?aieena //
Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee: Oac. aeiee. 6-e
iaaeainoae. iaaeaoc. eiio. — NIa., 1994. — N. 124.

37. Eieooi ?.I. Aeoeai?noue oa?iaio?a oeaiei ie?ie oaeyo i?e
caiaeiaoaaii? ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ? iie?i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno
iaoaeyi i?ioyaii aaa?oiino? // Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. —
A?ea Oea?eaa, 1995. — N. 48.

38. Eieooi ?.I. Ai?no aetheice ? eaeoaoo a e?ia? oaeyo iaoaeae i?e
i?aeaiae?ae? ?o ai?aeieiioeaio?aoiith aeiaaaeith ? i?ia?aeueiei
i?ai?enii // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ?
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa: Ei. iaoe. no. / ?aae. A.O. Eiaaeeoei —
Euea?a, 1996. — N. 138-139.

39. Eieooi ?.I. ?ioaineai?noue ?inoo iieiaeiyea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
i?ae aieeaii ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ? i?ia?aeueiiai ia?i?eno //
Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ? n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa / Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue EAAI ?i. N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai.. — Euea?a,
1996. — N. 139-140.

40. E?aaoe?a ?.E., Eieooi ?.I. Aieea ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ?
i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno ia iaoaaie?/i? i?ioeane a ?oaoe? iaoae?a //
Iaoa??aee 2-ai i?aeaea?aeaaiiai, i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiai neiiic?oio c
ieoaiue a?a??ie oaa?ei. — Euea?a, 1996. — N. 68.

41. Eieooi ?.I. Caaeainoaaiiy ?aoe?ii?a ca i?ioa?iii
ai?aeieiioeaio?aoiith aeiaaaeith c i?ia?aeueiei i?ai?enii ? aieea ?o ia
iiei/io i?iaeoeoeai?noue ei??a-ia?a?noie // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa / Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue EAAI. — Euea?a, 1997. — N. 125-127.

42. Eieooi ?.I., Iao?ooa I.I., Iaoiee?a A.A., Oiea?/oe C.A. Aieea
i?e?iaeaiaio?a ia a?eee ? aoaeaaiaee ne?iaaoee e?ia? oaeyo iiei/iiai
a?eo // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeeoeeie, a?ieia??, aaoa?eia??? ?
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. — Euea?a, 1997. — O.3. — N. 127-128.

43. Eieooi ?.I., Oiiei I.I. Aieea ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ?
i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno ia ?ai?iaeoeoeai? caeaoiino? ? iiei/io
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?a?noie // A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee. — 1997. — ?10. — N.
46-47.

44. Eieooi ?.I. Aieea ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee ? i?ia?aeueiiai
i?ai?eno ia ??aaiue EAEE oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ae/e?a // A?niee
A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — 1998. — Aei.
5, /ano. 1. — N. 185-187.

45. Eieooi ?.I. Aieea caiaeiaoaaiiy ai?aeieiioeaio?aoieo aeiaaaie c
i?ia?aeueiei i?ai?enii ia ??no ? ?icaeoie iaoaeae oa aeeao iano ?o
i?eieiaeo // N?euenueeee ainiiaea?. — 1998. — Aei. 5. — N. 7.

46. Eieooi ?.I. ??aaiue ie?aieo iaoaaie?o?a iai?io acioo a ?oaoe? aoaa?a
ca ei?aeoe?? i?ioa?iiaiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy // A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee. — 1999. — ? 8. — N. 8.

Eieooi ?.I. ?ioaineai?noue iai?io ?a/iaei ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae ca ei?aeoe?? i?ioa?iiaiai ? i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie 03.00.13 —
o?c?ieia?y ethaeeie ? oaa?ei oa 06.02.02 — aiae?aey oaa?ei ? oaoiieia?y
ei?i?a. — Euea?anueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie ?i.
N.C. Aaeeoeueeiai, Euea?a, 1999.

Caoeuathoueny 46 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ye? i?noyoue iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy c oaoiieia?? i?eaiooaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
ai?aeieiioeaio?aoii? aeiaaaee (AEAe) oa i?ia?aeueiiai i?ai?eno (II) a
aiae?ae? oaa?ei, a oaeiae aieeao aeaieo ?ia?aae??io?a ia iai?i ?a/iaei
oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue ooaeiae.

Oaoiieia?y i?eaiooaaiiy AEAe a?oioo?oueny ia aeanoeaino? na/iaeie, yea
i?e oaiia?aoo?? +160°N anooia? a eiiieaenia no?eea ii?aeiaiiy c
e?ioiaeai eiioeaio?iaaiiai ei?io ?, oei naiei, caiia?aa? ao?aoai acioo
i?e caa??aaii? oa caaacia/o? eiai iino?eia ca?eueiaiiy i?e a?iae?ii? a
?oaoe?. Ai?aeieiioeaio?aoia aeiaaaea neeaaea?oueny c 75% ioaie/ii?
aea?o?, 20% — na/iaeie ? 5% — aaioii?oo iao??th. I?e oeueiio cai?ia 20 %
ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioa?io ei?io ai?aeieiioeaio?aoiith aeiaaaeith ni?ey?
e?auiio canai?iith acioo na/iaeie i?e?ioei?ith ?oaoey.

AEAe a aeic? 0,5 a ia 1 ea iane oaa?eie a ii?aeiaii? c II (i??eaeienei —
0,1, noeueoao i?ae? — 0,005, noeueoao oeeieo — 0,2, eiaeenoee eae?e —
0,03 ia) a aeic? 0,335 ia/ea iane oaa?eie i?e aeiaaio?eaaeiio (i?ioyaii
aeaio iieie?iue) ? aacia?a?aiiio ?o caiaeiaoaaii? aaeee?e ?iaao?e
ooaeia? ??cieo noaoaaeo ? a?eiaeo a?oi ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith eiao?oe??ioa
ia?ao?aaiino? iiaeeaieo ?a/iaei ei?io, e?auiio canai?iith ?o i?aai?ciii,
ui, a naith /a?ao, i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei
oa cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?eaaea caiaeiaoaaiiy AEAe oa II iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia
o?c?ieia?/iee noai ? a?aeoai?thaaeueio ooieoe?th oaa?ei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ai?aeieiioeaio?aoia aeiaaaea, i?ia?aeueiee i?ai?en,
aiae?aey, ?aoe?ii, ?oaaoeue, i?e?ioei?a, aaciaia?aaoe/iee, aoaeaaiaeiee
oa a?eeiaee iai?ie, i?iaeoeoeai?noue, canai?iiy.

Eieooi A.I. Eioaineaiinoue iaiaia aauanoa e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue e?oiiiai
?iaaoiai neioa i?e ei??aeoeee i?ioaeiiaiai e ieia?aeueiiai ieoaiey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie aeieoi?a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoyi 03.00.13 — oeceieiaey
/aeiaaea e aeeaioiuo e 06.02.02 — ei?ieaiea aeeaioiuo e oaoiieiaey
ei?iia. — Eueaianeay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aaoa?eia?iie iaaeeoeeiu
ei. N.C. Aaeeoeeiai, Eueaia, 1999.

Caueuathony 46 iao/iuo ?aaio, eioi?ua niaea?aeao iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey ii oaoiieiaee i?eaioiaeaiey e eniieueciaaiey
aieaeieiioeaio?aoiie aeiaaaee (AEAe) e ieia?aeueiiai i?aieena (II) a
ei?ieaiee aeeaioiuo, a oaeaea aeeyiee aeaiiuo eia?aaeeaioia ia iaiai
aauanoa e i?iaeoeoeaiinoue neioa.

Oaoiieiaey i?eaioiaeaiey AEAe iniiaaia ia naienoaa ii/aaeiu, eioi?ay i?e
oaiia?aoo?a +160°N anooiaao a eiiieaeniia noieeia niaaeeiaiea n
e?aoiaeii eiioeaio?e?iaaiiiai ei?ia, e oai naiui, i?aaeioa?auaao iioa?e
acioa i?e o?aiaieee e iaania/eaaao iinoaiaiiia aai inaiaiaeaeaiea i?e
a?iaeaiee a ?oaoea. Aieaeieiioeaio?aoiay aeiaaaea ninoieo ec 75 %
ioaie/iuo io?oaae, 20 % — ii/aaeiu e 5 % — aaioiieoa iao?ey. I?e yoii
caiaia 20 % ia?ao?aaiiai i?ioaeia ei?ia aieaeieiioeaio?e?iaaiiie
aeiaaaeie niaeaenoaoao eo/oaio onaiaieth acioa ii/aaeiu iee?ioei?ie
?oaoea.

AEAe a aeica 0,5 a ia 1 ea iannu aeeaioiiai a ni/aoaiee n II
(ie?eaeienei — 0,1, noeueoao iaaee — 0,005, noeueoao oeeiea — 0,2,
eiaeenoue eaeee — 0,03 ia) a aeica 0,335 ia/ea iannu aeeaioiiai i?e
aeieaia?aiaiiii (ia i?ioyaeaiee aeaoo iieieaiee) e aani?a?uaiii eo
nea?ieeaaiee e?oiiiio ?iaaoiio neioo ?aciuo iieiauo e aic?anoiuo a?oii
niinianoaoao iiauoaieth eiyooeoeeaioa ia?aaa?eiinoe ieoaoaeueiuo aauanoa
ei?ia e eo/oaio onaiaieth eo i?aaieciii, /oi, a naith i/a?aaeue,
i?eaiaeeo e iiauoaieth i?iaeoeoeaiinoe aeeaioiuo e nieaeaieth
naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeeeoaeueiia nea?ieeaaiea AEAe e II iieiaeeoaeueii
aeeyao ia oeceieiae/aneia ninoiyiea e aini?iecaiaeeoaeueioth ooieoeeth
aeeaioiuo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aieaeieiioeaio?aoiay aeiaaaea, ieia?aeueiue i?aieen,
ei?ieaiea, ?aoeeii, ?oaaoe, iee?ioei?a, aaciyia?aaoe/aneee, oaeaaiaeiue
e aaeeiaue iaiaiu, i?iaeoeoeaiinoue, onaiaiea.

Koltun E.M. The intensivity of substance exchange and cattle
productivity at correction of protein and mineral feeding.

Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Agricultural Sciences on
specialities 03.00.13 — physiology of human and animals and 06.02.02 —
feeding of animals and technology of forages. — Lviv State Academy of
Veterinary Medicine after S.Z. Gzhytskyj, Lviv, 1999.

46 scientific works are defended. They contain theoretical researches
about preparation technology of amidoconcentrated supplement (ACS) and
mineral premix (NP) and about their influence on material exchange and
cattle productivity.

It is known that all forms of vital living organisms and the animal
productivity is indissoluble connected with the substance exchange and
energy, the source of which was and keeps its balans on the nutrients of
feeding.

That’s why the studying of such processes on the different growth stage
and development of farm animals taking into consideration the influence
of environment are of great importance for scientific substantiate
methods of their feeding, keeping technology and reproducing ability.

S.Z. Gzhytskyj (1962), F.Y. Palfij (1974), S.V. Stojanovskyj (1975),
P.Z. Stolyarchuk (1988), R.J. Kravtsiv (1997) point out the actual
studying of these questions in productive animals. The protein
nourishment which has own characteristics take the main place in the
feeding of ruminants. The last are connected with availability in
animal’s stomach of simbiotic microflora, which has ability to
assimilate a great quantity of nitrogen of amido acids and ammonio salt,
synthesizing the protein of their own body.

From this time it was determined for the first time the synthesis
mechanism in rumen of bacteriological protein from the nonprotein
nitrogen, it was done the investigations in the direction of finding the
most effective and cheap nonprotein nitrogen premix, unhooking speed of
which would be rhytmical and their using by microflora — maximum.

The serious investigations were done under the fodder animation (hay,
cutting) silage souring and sour beet chip by carboammonia salts, the
cattle feeding with urea which is in content of combined feeds. But
novadays it is not completely elucidate the question of losses in
reducing of fodder protein in prestomach of ruminants and the increase
of synthesis of bacterial protein by maximum digestion by microflora
nonproten forms of nitrogen.

The most mass using of urea is of great importance. It is fed mainly by
untifical mixture with concentrated fodders; it is often leads to gain
of ammonia in the stomach; which often causes toxicosis and the reducing
the productivity in animals. The changes in gas and energetic exchanges
are not taken into consideration. This exchange is the bases of all
physiological processes in organizm.

Its indices goves the possibility to judge about the adaptation of
animal organisms to nontraditional fodder premix and the character of
exchange processes when these fodder premix are fed for a long time.

Despite the fact that energetic exchange is of great impornance and the
source of this exchange is carbohydrates and they are paied less
attention when nitrigen premixes are fed.

The influence of amidoconcentrated premixes during their long feeding,
i.c. during several generation on the exchange processes physiological
condition and productivity of different sexes and age groups of the
cattle and also on health and reproductive ability of new forn cows and
embrio devolopment of their fetus, that’s why it should be fed with
amidoconcentrated premixes.

This supplement in doze 0,5 gr per 1 kg of animal mass in combination
with mineral premix (pyridoxine — 0,1, copper sulphate — 0,005, zinc
sulphate — 0,2, iodine potassium — 0,03 gr) in doze 0,335 mg per 1 kg of
animal mass.

Receiving results of experimental researches and production tests have
goven the possibility to elaborate the technology of balanced rations in
groving and feeding of young cattle and also in feeding of dairy cows.

It is proved that prolonged feeding as supplement to feeding ration with
amidoconcentrated supplement and mineral premix has not negative
influence on animals health and their reproductive functoin.

Key words: amidoconcentrative supplement, mineral premix, feeding,
ration, omasum, microflora, gasenergetic, carbohydratic and protein
exchanges, productivity, assimilation.

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