NOINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

A A E ? O I E Ue A A I
E A E N A I Ae ? ? A I A

OAeE 66.021.3

? I O A I N E O ? E A Oe ?
ss I ? I Oe A N ? A

I A N I I A I ? I O A A
A N I ? A A ? A O

C I O E Ue N A Oe ? E I I TH
I A N A Ae E I TH

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.05.13 — iaoeie oa aia?aoe o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

N O I E-1 9 9 9

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?eeeaaeii? aeieia?? ? aaciaee aeeoo?ae?-

yeueiino? (IA ? AAEAe) Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa

ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieyoeoe Eaii?ae Aeieo?iae/

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeieia?? ? aaciaee

aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? NoiAeO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe -aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iaeueiaaiee Ie?ineaa Noaiaiiae/

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo i?iieneiai? aeieia?? AAO

«A??O?II?II» i. Euea?a

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?eaoia Eaa A?eai?iae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e a?o?oaeoo?ieo ?iaeaia?ieo

aeooeoaaiue Noinueeiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa -Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo

oaoiieia?e i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 26 » ethoiai 1999 ?. i 14-00 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 55.051.03 o Noinueeiio

aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (244007, i.Noie, aoe. ?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa,

2, ei?ion A, aoae. EA 205)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Noinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai

oi?aa?neoaoo (244007, i. Noie, aoe. ?einueeiai-Ei?naeiaa, 2)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 22 n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee_______________A.A.Iaiy

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue o a i e . Caaaeaiiy aeieia?/iiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie iaa?ae?eaii iia’ycaia c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
?nioth/eo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, noai?aiiyi iiaeo oei?a aenieiaoae-
oeaiiai aacii/eniiai iaeaaeiaiiy ia ??ai? na?oiaeo c?ace?a c cia/iith
iaeeie/iith iiooaei?noth, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny aenieith iaae?ei?noth o
aenieo- aoaoe??, i?i?iaeueieie aia?aicao?aoaie oa iecueeith
iaoa??aei?ii?noth.

Aiae?c ??cieo iai?yie?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a
iaaiaeeoue ia aeoieo i?i i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a o ?aaeeiao
?icaeiaii?

oo?aoeaioiino?. sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?o ?aae?caoe?y
iiaeeeaa

o aia?aoao ?c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ianaaeeith, ye? ciaeoee aeei?enoaiiy

o i?ioeanao aaci-ieeii/euaiiy. Aeniea aoaeoeai?noue i/euaiiy aaciaiai
iioieo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo aaciaeo oa ieeiaeo aeii?oie, naiii/euaiiy
aeaiaio?a ianaaeee, oe?ieee ae?aiacii ?iai/eo ?aaeei?a aeicaieythoue
aaaaeaoe oe? aia?aoe aeoaea ia?niaeoeaieie.

?acii c oei ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui aia?aoe c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith

ianaaeeith, ye? i?aoeththoue o i?yiioi/iiio ?aaeei?, ua iaaeinoaoiuei
aea/a-i?. E??i oiai, ?nioth/? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiinyoueny ,a iniiaiiio,
aei eoeueiaeo aeaiaio?a ianaaeee, ae?y ae ieanoei/aoeo ia?oi?iaaieo
aeaiaio?a ianaaeee oa aieea ?o eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo ia aoaeoeai?noue
aaci-ieeioeiaethaaiiy caeeoathoueny ia?ice?eoeie.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeiia?aeiino? c eii?aeeiaoe?eieie ieaiaie
AI N?N? c i?iaeaie «Oai?aoe/i? iniiae o?i?/ii? oaoiieia??» ia 1986-1990
?.(caaaeaiiy 2.27.26.17), a oaeiae o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c ieaiii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o aeiaiai?o c I?i?noa?noaii i?iieneiai? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie ca ? 831/97 «Oaeineiiaeeoe ?nioth/o noaio i/euaiiy ani??aoe?eieo
aac?a H2S ia caaiae? AAO «AI?OIII?II» o i. Iiaee ?icaeie o oeaoo ? 3.

I a o a ? c a ae a / ? ae i n e ? ae ae a i i y. Iaoith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea aenieiaoaeoeaiiai i?yiioi/iiai
aaci-ieeii/eniiai aia?aoo c ?ooiiith ?aaoey?iith ianaaeeith (IA??I) aeey
i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa. Caaaeaiiyie
aenia?eiaioaeueii-oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy aieeao
?aaeeiieo oa eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a aia?aoo IA??I ia a?ae?aae?/iee
ii??, aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a ianiiai?io, aieea
eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo aeaiaio?a ianaaeee ia aoaeoeai?noue aca?iiae?? oac,
oai?aoe/iee

iien aeno?aeiiai ?ooo eiioaeooth/eo oac /a?ac oa? ?aaoey?ii? ?ooiii?
ianaaeee, ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ianiiai?io oa ia?aa??ea
?? aaeaeaaoiino?.

I a o e i a a i i a e c i a i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a c o-

e ue o a o ? a. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae ?iaioe i?yiioi/iiai aia?aoo c ??I aecia/ai?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe, anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue /anoioe ?
aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue ieanoei/aoi? ianaaeee a?ae ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a ?
aaiiao??? aeaiaio?a ianaaeee oa ?o ?icoaooaaiiy.

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ianiiai?io o i?yiioi/iiio
ianiiai?iiiio aia?ao? c ??I. I?eaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien ?iciiae?eo
eiioeaio?aoe?? eiiiiiaio?a ii aenio? ?iai/i? ciie aia?aoo, aecia/ai?
oai?aoe/ii eiao?oe??ioe ianiiai?io.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ianiiai?iieo i?ioean?a o cii? eiioaeoo c
iaoith aeyaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a ianiiai?iiiai
aia?aoo c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ia?oi?iaaiith ianaaeeith.

I ? a e o e / i a c i a / a i i y i ae a ? ae a i e o ? a- c
o e ue o a o ? a . Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee, a
iio?i i?iieneiaiai aieiaiiai c?acea ianiiai?iiiai aia?aoo c ??I aeey
i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a oinoi?iiai ? n??/aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae
i’yoeieeno oinoi?o, FH3, Ooi?o HF, SiF4, H2S, a oaeiae oeiaethaaiiy ieeo
oinoi?eoo, oinoi?iiai oeaeo, niieenoiai ieeo ? o.?. Ia iniia?
aei?iaoaaiue aeaeaii aeo?aei? aeai? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ?yaeo aacii/enieo
aia?ao?a, ?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ia ?aeiino?oeoe?th
aacii/enieo onoaiiaie.

I n i a e n o e e a i a n i e c ae i a o a a / a. Aeenna?oa-
oe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue i?ae aaciina?aaei?i ea??aieoeoaii ? ?acii ?c
aeieoi?ii oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?ii, caa?aeoaa/ai eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii?
aeieia?? oa aaciaee aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?ne-

oaoo E.Ae. Ieyoeoeii. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii iaea?aeaii on? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe

aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? a c o e ue o a o ? a ae e n a ? o a oe ? ? .

?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue: ia i?aeia?iaeiiio iaoeiaiio eiia?an?
nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a ? iieiaeeo a/aieo «Iieiaeue ? iaoea — o?ao?
oeny/ie?ooy», i. Iineaa, 28.01-02.02 1996 ?.; ia ?O I?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a o?i?/ieo, oa?/iaeo oa
iaooio?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa», i.Iaeana, 1996 ?.(aea? aeiiia?ae?); ia
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo, i.

Noie, 1997 ?.

I o a e ? e a oe ? ? . ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o
aeaio noaooyo aeo?iaeo «O?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie» o 1997 ?., o
«Iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e»
(1997 ?.), o «Iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo»
(1998 ?.). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee ii?eethaeiai? o /ioe?ueio
aeiiia?aeyo ia aeuaiaaaaeaieo neiiiceoi? oa eiioa?aioe?yo.

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, naie ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a,
nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae 114 ia?iaioaaiue, aeiaeaoeo ? aeeeaaeaia ia

163 noi??ieao, i?e oeueiio 144 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo,
35 iaethie?a ? 1 oaaeeoey.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ? aea?? iniiaieo
iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae aeeiiaii
aiae?c ?iaioe aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo eiino?oeoe?e aacii/enieo aia?ao?a ?c
?ooi-

iith ianaaeeith, ?icaeyiooi a?ae?iaeeiai?eo i?ioeano iao?eaiiy
iaeeie/iiai

aeaiaioo. ?icaeyae a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae oa/?? iioie?a /a-

?ac nenoaio aeaiaio?a aeicaieea aeyaeoe oiiae aeieeiaiiy ia??iaeiiai oa
i?aia??iaeiiai aeoi?iooai?aiiy oa /aniaiai cnoao iiiaio?a aeoi?i-

ooai?aiiy o aa?oeeaeueiiio iai?yieo aia?aoo. ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee aec-

ia/aiiy aaee/eie a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o c?iooaaieo ia?ooiieo ianaaeie,

ia i?aenoaa? /iai c?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a, ye?
aecia/athoue a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? aia?aoo ?c ?aaoey?iith a?eueii cae??iea-

iith ieanoei/aoith ianaaeeith iio?aao? a?eueo noa?aiiiai i?aeoiaeo,
yeee a?aoiao? i?ioean aeoi?iooai?aiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae ieoo?aiai
?icoaoo-

aaiiy ianaaeee, e?eueeino? ??aeeie ia i?e, oaeaeeino? aaciaiai oa
??aeei-

iiai iioie?a ? o.?., ine?eueee oe? aaee/eie /eiyoue cia/iee aieea ia
i?ioean ianiiai?io. Aiae?c aeaieo ii aieeao aeoi?iooai?aiiy ia i?ioean
ianiiai?io iieacaa, ui : ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe ? aiie?ooaee ioeuenaoe?e
iioieo i?eaiaeeoue aei ?inoo eiao?oe??io?a iania?aeaea/?; aoaeoeai?noue
ia-

niiai?io o oa?? ?aaoey?ii ?icoaoiaaii? ?ooiii? ianaaeee caeaaeeoue a?ae
a?aenoai? i?ae aeaiaioaie ianaaeee; iaea?eueoa aoaeoeai?noue ianiiai?io
aeinyaa?oueny o neioaciiio ?aaeei?; aeei?enoaiiy i?yiioi/ii? aca?iiae??

oac aeicaiey? cia/ii ca?eueoeoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii aaco, cieceaoe oei
naiei ieoiio iaoaei?ii?noue aia?aoo; i?ioeane ianiiai?io o i?yiioi/ieo
aia?aoao iiaeia ?ioaineo?eoaaoe ca ?aooiie ooo/ii? oo?aoe?caoe?? ye
??aeeiii? , oae ? aaciai? oace, aai oo?aoe?caoe??th iioie?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny caeiiii??iino? aca?iiae?? oac
o oa?? ?aaoey?ii? ?ooiii? ieanoei/aoi? ianaaeee i?e iaeiiiai?aaeaiiio
aeno?aeiiio ?ooia? iioie?a. Aeey ?icaeyaeo o?ce/ii? noo? i?ioean?a i?e
iao?eaii? o?e iaiao?aeii a?aooaaoe ??ci? iiaeeeaino? iiaaae?iee iaaeiai-

ai oa?o, ui i?eeyaa? aei o?ea, a oaeiae i?eeiaoe aei oaaae ? o? oiiae,
ye? ?niothoue iicaaeo o?ea o aeo?iaiio ne?ae?. I?e iao?eaii? i?yiieooii?
ieanoeie, aeey yei? oa?aeoa?i? aino?? ?aa?a, o iaeano? aaeeeeo cia-

/aiue /enea ?aeiieueaena aoaea niinoa??aaoeny c?ea iioieo ye?ac ia oeeo
?aa?ao. I?e/eiith oeueiai yaeua ? ?aioiaa ci?ia iai?yio iioieo ia ?aa??
o?ea ?, aiane?aeie oeueiai, ?aioiaa ci?ia oaeaeeino? ? oeneo.
Niia?eueiai? /anoeiee, ye? aeoiaeyoue ?c c??aaiiai iaaeiaiai oa?o, oo-

ai?ththoue iicaaeo o?ea aeo?iaee ne?ae, yeee neeaaea?oueny ?c
aeineoue noaa?eueieo aeo?iaeo ooai?aiue. I?e iine?aeiaiiio ?icoaooaaii?
ieanoei ? ??aiino? ?o ?ici???a iiaeia noai?eoe neio?iiiee ?aaeei
aeoi?iooai-

?aiiy, yeee aecia/a?oueny ??ai?noth /anoio aai ia??iae?a ooai?aiiy ?i-

ioeuen?a. *anoioa f aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

(1)

?icaeyiaii o?ce/io ea?oeio iao?eaiiy aeaio iine?aeiaii
?icoaoiaaieo ieanoei i?e iayaiino? cnoao o /an? ooai?aiiy ? aac iueiai o
i?aia??iaeiiio ?aaeei?. I?eionoeii, ui aeoi? , ui ooai?eany ia ia?o?e
ieanoei?, ia iiaea aieeaaoe ia o?aoth, iaieiath/e ae?oao, ? ui
aca?iiae?y aeoi??a a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii ?o iiaiiai c?eao ca ianooiiei
aeaiaioii, aai i?eaeoooaaiiyi ?o. Ia ?enoieo 1 a) iiaeaii ea?oeio
aca?iiae?? ieanoei, i?e ye?e ia??iae ooai?aiiy aeoi?o a?eueoa /ano eiai
?ooo a?ae iaei??? ieanoeie aei ?ioi?, oiaoi (T/2)>((.

I?eionoeii, ui o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano ca on?ia ieanoeiaie aeieea?
iaeii/ania ooai?aiiy aeoi??a. Aeoi??, ye? aeieeathoue ia?oeie,
a?ae?eaathoueny ? aeiinyoueny iioieii, a c i?ioeeaaeii? noi?iie oeeo aea

ieanoei ca?iaeaeothoueny ae?oa?. Ia?oee aeoi?, aeinyaioaoe ca /an ((
ieanoeie, yea ?icoaoiaaia aeua ca iioieii, iiaeiai oai coieieoe i?ioean
ooai?aiiy ae?oaiai aeoi?o, /an ?nioaaiiy yeiai aei??aith? /ania? ?ooo
ia?oiai aeoi?o aei ae?oai? ieanoeie, oiaoi ((, ?, oei naiei, cnoiooe
ii/aoie ooai?aiiy iiaiai aeoi?o ca ae?oaith ieanoeiith ia /an

I I O ? E I I O ? E

a) (O/2)>(( a) (O/2)<(( ?en.1 Noaia aca?iiae?? aeoi??a ? iao?eaiiy ieanoei. ((. I?ney a?ae?eao ia?oiai aeoi?a a?ae ia?oiai aeaiaioo ? ca /an (( eiai ?ooo aei ae?oaiai aeaiaioo, ia ia?oiio, c i?ioeeaaeiiai aieo, ooai?th?oueny ae?oaee aeoi?, yeiio aeey iiaiiai caaa?oaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ? a?ae?eao iaiao?aeiee /an (T/2)-((. I?e oeueiio ca oeae aea i?ii?aeie /ano, ia ae?oaiio o?e? c i?ioeeaaeiiai aieo a?ae i?noa i?eaeooaiiy aeoi?o, ooai?th?oueny o?ao?e, yeee iiaea a?ae??aaoeny o?eueee /a?ac /an ((, oiaoi o iiiaio i?aeoiaeo ae?oaiai aeoi?o a?ae iiia?aaeiuei? ieanoeie. Aiane?aeie ni?aiaaeaiiy iaio iiiaio?a o iiaeaeueoiio aeiooaiiai a?ae?eao ia a?aeaoaa?oueny. ?c oeueiai aeo?ea?, ui /an (( ? ? /an cai?ciaiiy. Oaia? ?icaeyiaii aca?iiae?th aeoi??a i?ae ieanoeiaie i?e (T/2)<((. ?c ?en.1 a) aeaeii, ui aeiooaiee c?ea a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ney oiai, ye a?ae iiia?aaeiuei? ieanoeie a?ae??aaoueny n+1 aeoi? (aea n-oe?ea /enei T/2, ye? ai?uothoueny o ((). I?e nai?io ?ooia? ia?oee aeoi? c iiia?aaeiuei? ieanoeie c??aa n+3 aeoi? c ianooiii? ieanoeie, /an iaeiie/aiiy yeiai aei oeueiai iiiaioo neeaaea? (( -(T/2), ? cnoia ii/aoie aeoi?iooai?aiiy a?ae ae?oaiai aeaiaioo ia oie aea i?ii?aeie /ano. Ioaea, ae?oaee aeoi? ?c iiia?aaeiuei? ieanoeie i?ae?eaea aei n+4 aeoi?a ae?oaiai aeaiaioo o iiiaio eiai a?ae?eao, ? o iiaeaeueoiio aeiooaiiai c?eao ia a?aeaoaa?oueny, oiaoi ((-(O/2) ? o oeueiio aeiaaeeo /anii cai?ciaiiy. O ia??iaeiiio ?aaeei?, o aeiaaeeo T>((, aei iiiaioo
i?aeoiaeo ia?oiai aeoi?o ?c ia?oi? ieanoeie, ia ae?oa?e ieanoei?
oi?io?oueny aaea n+3 aeoi?, a i?e T<(( ia?oee aeoi? i?ae?eaea aei ae?oai? ieanoeie o iiiaio ooai?aiiy n+4 aeoi?o. I?eionoeaoe, ui /anoioa eieeaaiue ieanoeie aei??aith? /anoio? c?eao aeoi??a , iiaeia caienaoe (2) A?aoiaoth/e, ui aaee/eia /aniaiai cnoao ( ci?ith?oueny a?ae 0,5 aei 1,0, ? ?icaeyaeath/e neioaciee ?aaeei , a oaeiae i?eeiath/e cia/aiiy /enea No?ooaey Sl=0,136 , iiaeia caienaoe ae?ac aa?oeeaeueiiai e?ieo ianaaeee aeey ia??iaeiiai ?aaeeio ta’=4,41 b, (3) aeey i?aia??iaeiiai ?aaeeio ta»=2,2 b. (4) Aiane?aeie ae?? aeoi??a ia aeaiaioe ianaaeee aeieea? eieeaaeueiee ?oo ieanoei. ?icaeyiaii a?eueia e??ieaiiy aeaiaioo ianaaeee - eaaae?aoii? ieanoeie ?ici??aie bxb ? oiaueiith (i (?en.2). ?en.2 Noaia eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo ieanoeie ? e??ieaiiy ianaaeee. I?e iao?eaii? oaei? ianaaeee iiaeeea? o?e aeaee eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo: cai?ioii-iinooiaeueiee ? iaa?oiaee a?aeiinii noa?aeiy ? eieeaaeueiee ?oo ?c eooiaith oaeaee?noth (. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii, ui iiaeia iaiaaeeoenue ?icaeyaeii o?eueee eieeaaeueiiai ?ooo ieanoei. ?icaeyiaii aeiooai? eieeaaiiy nenoaie ?c iaeiei nooiaiai a?eueiino? ?c aaeueioth/ei ?? ?oo iii?ii i?ae ae??th nee ?, ui aeieeathoue i?e a?ae?ea? aeoi??a c /anoioith (. Aeeoa?aioe?aeueia ??aiyiiy eieeaiiai ?ooo ieanoeie c ianith m aoaea iaoe aeaeyae (5) Caaaeueiee ?ioaa?ae ??aiyiiy (5) ia? aeaeyae (6) ?icaeyaeath/e ae?ac aaee/eie aiie?ooaee aeiooaieo eieeaaiue, iaea?aeo?ii aaee/eio oeeee?/ii? /anoioe eieeaaiue ieanoeie (7) Ae?aaeath/e cia/aiiy R /a?ac oaeaee?noue aaco oa ia?aiao?e ianaaeee, inoaoi/ii iaea?aeo?ii aeey ia??iaeiiai ?aaeeio (8) aeey i?aia??iaeiiai (9) O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ianiiai?io o IA??II. ?icaeyiaii i?eioeei ?iaioe eiioaeoii? ciie i?yiioi/iiai aani?aa?a, yea neeaaea?oueny ?c a??eyiae a?eueii cae??ieaieo ieanoei, ye? iiae?eythoue anth ciio ia eii??ee ?ici??aie ta o ta o ta (?en.3). Aaciaee iio?e i?aeoiieth? ??aeeio ? o?ainii?oo? ?? o aeaeyae? e?aiaeue aei ia?oi? ieanoeie, ia ye?e ??aeeia cao?eio?oueny ? ooai?th? oa? o aeaeyae? ie?aee. O iiaeaeueoiio ie?aea i?ae ae??th neee oa?oy i?ae ??aeeiith ? aacii ia?ao?ea? aei ia?eoa??? ieanoeie, caaeo?th?oueny ? iiae??aith?oueny ia e?aie?, ooai?thth/e ?icaeiaio, aenieioo?aoe?ciaaio iiaa?oith eiioaeoo oac, /iio ni?ey? aeniei/anoioia eieeaaiiy ieanoei, yea aeoeaii ci?ith? o /an? ia’?i eii??ee. E?aie? iiiaaeathoue ia iiaa?oith ianooiii? ii oeyoo ieanoeie ? i?ioean iiaoi?th?oueny ciiao. Aeoiaey/e ?c aeuaiaaaaeaiiai, ao- aeaii aaaaeaoe, ui ca ?aooiie ?ioaineaiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy ??aeeie ieanoeiaie, ye? eieeaathoueny, o eiaei?e cii? ? ?yaeo ieanoei no?oeoo?a iioie?a iaaeeaea?oueny aei ?aeaaeueiiai ci?ooaaiiy ??aeei? oace, a o e?aiaeuei?e cii?-aei ?aeaaeueiiai aeoeneoaaiiy. E??i oiai, i?eionoeii, ui /anoeia ??aeeie i?ineaeo? i?ae ieanoeiaie ? iiiaaea? o e?aiaeueio ciio aac ci?ie ii/aoeiai? eiioeaio?aoe?? (aaeian, Ni). Aecia/eii e?euee?noue ?a/iaeie, yea aeoiaeeoue ia ianooiio «oa??eeo» o aeaeyae? aaeiano ?en.3 Noaia eii??eiai? iiaeae? eiioaeoii? ciie aia?aoo. (10) *anoeia ??aeeie, yea caeeoa?oueny ia «oa??eoe?», aecia/a?oueny ?c ??aiyiiy . (11) Caaaeueia e?euee?noue ??aeeie aecia/a?oueny ?c ??aiyiiy iaoa??aeueiiai aaeaino (12) Aoaeaii ?aooaaoe, ui i?ney «a?iioaoe/ii? oa??eee» e?aie? iathoue eiioeaio?aoe?th Nn? ? ia ieo a?aeaoaa?oueny ianiiai?i aei cono??/? ?o ?c ne?aeoth/ith «a?iioaoe/iith oa??eeith». O iaoiio aeiaaeeo ci?ia eiioeaio?aoe?e o e?aiaeuei?e cii? o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? aecia/a?oueny ne?aeoth/ei /eiii (13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Noaoe/ia aenioa ??aeeie ia «oa??eoe?» aecia/a?oueny ?? e?euee?noth, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o oa??, a inoaiiy, o naith /a?ao, aecia/a?oueny noiith ia’?i?a ??aeeie, yea ciaoiaeeoueny ia ieanoeiao, oa o aeaeyae? e?aiaeue o i?aeieanoei/ao?e cii? oa?o. A?aeiia?aei? ?ic?aooiee i?eaiaeyoue aei ne?aeoth/iai ae?aco noaoe/ii? aenioe oa?o ??aeeie ia ?-oiio ?yae? ieanoei (14) O oeueiio ae ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a eiao?oe??io?a iania?aeaea/?. Iaea?aeaii ne?aeoth/? ?acoeueoaoe. Eiao?oe??io iania?aeaea/? o ie?aoe? ia aeaiaio? ianaaeee i?e o?ce/i?e aani?aoe?? ( c a?aooaaiiyi eieeaaeueii? neeaaeiai?) (16) Eiao?oe??io iania?aeaea/? o e?aieyo (17) Eiao?oe??io iania?aeaea/? o aacia?e oac? i?e iao?eaii? aeaiaioo ianaaeee c ie?aeith ??aeeie (18) ??aiyiiy, yea aea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe eiao?oe??io iania?aeaea/? o aaciaiio na?aaeiaeu? i?e iao?eaii? e?aie? (19) O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aea?oueny iien aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee oa iaoiae?a aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a iania?aeaea/? o ??aee?e oa aacia?e oacao, a oaeiae ?iciiae?eo ??aeeie ii ia?a??co aia?aoo ? a?ae?iaeeia - i?/iiai iii?o aani?aa?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?aeoeeaiiy aenia?eiai- oaeueii aecia/aieo aaee/ei a?ae oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaaieo ia ia?aaeuo? 4,8(. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? caeiiii??iino? ?iaioe aani?aa?a c iaeiiiai?aaeaiei aeno?aeiei ?ooii aca?iiae?th/eo oac. I?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? ??cieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a eiioaeoii? ciie a?ae oaeaeeino? aaco, aonoeie c?iooaaiiy oa aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy ianaaei/ieo aeaiaio?a. Ia ?en.4 cia?aaeaia ca- eaaei?noue (? a?ae oaeaeeino? aaco, aiae?coth/e yeo iiaeia c?iaeoe ne?- aeoth/? aeniiaee. I?e oaeaeeinoyo (5(8) i/n ia? i?noea ?aaeei /anoeiaiai i?iaaeo, i?aeaenaiiy ? oiino ??aeeie. O ae?aiacii? oaeaeeinoae aaco (8(11)i/n ia? i?noea ia?ao?aeiee ?aaeei, yeiio a?aeiia?aea? ??aiiaaaa nee iii?o na?aaeiaeua ? neee aaae ??aeeie, ui oo?eio?oueny o oa?? ianaaeee. Iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? aaco aeua 12 i/n i?eaiaeeoue aei ooai?ai- iy no?eeiai aeno?aeiiai ?ooo ??aeeie o aeaeyae? no?oiai?a ? e?aiaeue, ye?, oaea?yth/enue i ieanoeie, ooai?ththoue ia ieo ie?aeo. Iaae e?iieith ieanoeie a?aeaoaa?oueny ooai?aiiy aeoi?o, ui c?eaa? ie?aeo ??aeeie, yea ia?ao?ea? aei e?iiee ii eiaia?e iiaa?oi? ieanoeie, iiae??aith? ?? ia no?oiai? ? e?aie? ? ia?ai?uo? aei ianooiiiai ?yaeo ieanoei. A?ae?aae?/iee ii?? o oeueiio aeiaaeeo c?inoa? ca i?eaeecii eaaae?aoe/iei caeiiii. Aia?a?y aaciaiai iioieo aeo?a/a?oueny a iniiaiiio ia o?ainii?o ??aeeie, ine?eueee ii?? c?inoa? i?aeoe/ii e?i?eii c? ca?eueoaiiyi aonoeie c?iooaaiiy ( ?en.6). Oaeaee?noue aaco, yea a?aeiia?aea? ii/aoeo no?eeiai aeno?aeiiai ?ooo oac, caeaaeeoue, a iniiaiiio, a?ae aonoeie c?iooaaiiy, ine?eueee c? ?en.4 Caeaaei?noue a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o ?en.5 Caeaaei?noue e?eueeino? eiioaeoii? ciie a?ae oaeaeeino? aaco oo?eioaaii? ??aeeie a?ae oaeae- i?e ??cieo aonoeiao c?iooaaiiy. L, eino? aaco. L=25 i3/i2(aiae; i3/i2aiae; 1-0, 2-10,3-25, 4-50 So=1 i2/i2 ?en.6 Caeaaei?noue a?ae?aae?/iiai ?en.7 Caeaaei?noue e?eueeino? oo?e- iii?o eiioaeoii? ciie a?ae aonoe- ioaaii? ??aeeie a?ae aonoeie ie c?iooaaiiy i?e ??cieo oaeaeein- c?iooaaiiy.Wa=13 i/n, ta=1,6b, yo aaco. Wa,i/c; 1-11,2-13,3-15, ta=2b, b=0,1 i 4-20.ta=1,6b,ta=2b, b=0,1 i ca?eueoaiiyi iane ??aeeie c?inoa? aaee/eia aia?a??, iaiao?aeii? ia ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy. E?euee?noue oo?eioaaii? ??aeeie (EO?) ho aeinyaa? iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy i?e oaeaeeino? aaco (9(11)i/n (?en.5), oiaoi ia aa?oi?e iaae? ia?ao?aeiiai ?aaeeio. I?e iiai?e ia?aaac? nee aaciaiai iioieo iaae neeaie oyae?iiy ??aeeie EO? aeinyaa? i?i?ioio ? aeae? i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ith?oueny. ?c ?en.7 aeaeii, ui ca?eueoaiiy ieoiii? aeo?aoe ??aeeie i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeoe/ii i?yiie?i?eiiai c?inoaiiy EO?. Ii??aiyaoe oeth caeaaei?noue ?c a?ao?eaie caeaaeiino? (? a?ae L ia ?en.6, ie i?eeaeaii aei aeniiaeo, ui oaeaee?noue ca?eueoaiiy EO? cia/ii ia?aaeuo? oaeaee?noue ca?eueoaiiy (?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieee a?ae?iaeeiai?/iee e.e.ae. ieanoei/aoi? ?aaoey?ii? ?ooiii? ianaaeee. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiia?a/ii? ia??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo ??aeeie ii ia?a??co eiioaeoii? ciie iieacothoue iie?auaiiy iaeii??aeiino? c? ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? aaco. Ca?eueoaiiy aonoeie c?iooaaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei aeayeiai iia??oaiiy ?iciiae?eo ??aeei? oace, aea oea ia? i?noea o ia?ao?aeiiio ?aaeei?. ?aaeei ?icaeiaiiai i?yiioieo i?eaiaeeoue aei ni?yieaiiy i?io?eth ho ? aei iie?auaiiy iaeii??aeiino? ?iciiae?eo ??aeeie. Ca?aene aeieeaa?, ui i?ioeane aani?aoe?? o oa?? ??I iaea?eueo aea?aeii aanoe o ?aaeei? ?icaeiaiiai aeno?aeiiai i?yiioieo. O oinoiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny caeiiii??iino? ianiiai?io i?e aeno?aeiiio ?on? aeaioaciiai iioieo o oa?? ??II. Aeyaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? (? a?ae aonoeie c?iooaaiiy, oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo, ?iciiae?eo ianaaei/ieo aeaiaio?a ii ia’?io aia?aoo. ?en.8 Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo ?en.9 Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo iani- iania?aeaea/? o ??aee?e oac? a?ae a?aeaea/? o ??aee?e oac? a?ae aa?oeea- ai?eciioaeueiiai e?ieo i?e ta=5b eueiiai e?ieo i?e ta=2b 1-Wa=11i/n;2-Wa=15i/n;3-Wa=20i/n 1-Wa=11i/n;2-Wa=15i/n;3-Wa=20i/n Ia ?en.8 ? ?en.9 i?eaaaeaii iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo iania?ae- aea/? a?ae ai?eciioaeueiiai oa aa?oeeaeueiiai e?ie?a aeaiaio?a ianaaeee. Oea aeicaieeei aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiino?oeoe?? aea- iaio?a ianaaeee. O nueiiiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue i?yiioi/iiai aani?aa?a c ??II. O i?ioean? i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a a?ae n??eiaiaeith iiaeeia/ai acyoi niaeiaee ?ic/ei o?iiio. Eiino?oeoe?y aani?aa?a ianeeaaeia o aeaioiaeaii?, a iae? aaaa?eoe caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy iaoaeiaiiino? o 5 - 6 ?ac?a ii??aiyeueii c iaoai?/ieie aani?aa?aie. Aia?ao yaey? niaith oeee?iae?e/io eieiio, anoaiiaeaio aa?oeeaeueii, naeoe?iiiaaio ia?oi?iaaieie oa??eeaie ?c ae?aiao?aie ioai??a 20 ii ? a?eueiei ia?a??cii 0,56 i2/i2. O na?aaeei? eieiie ii on?e aeiaaeei? ?iai/eo naeoe?e iinoaaeai? noa?aei? c anoaiiaeaieie ia ieo eaaae?aoieie ieanoeiaie ?ici??aie 40o40o4 ii, ta=80 ii, ta=200 ii. O aa?oi?e /anoei? eieiie anoaiiaeaii e?aieaoeiaethaa/ a?aeoeaio?iaiai oeio ?c eii?/iei caaeo?thaa/ai c iecueeei a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii. O i?ioean? aei?iaoaaiue aei??thaaeenue: a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? aia?aoo, aeo?aoa ? oaiia?aoo?a c?iooaaeueii? ??aeeie ? aaco, yeee iinooia? ia i/euaiiy, ai?no n??eiaiaeith ia aoiae? ? aeoiae? aani?aa?a. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue i?e oaeeo oiiaao: aonoeia c?iooaaiiy (7(25)i3/i2aiae, oaeaee?noue aaco (10(20) i/n, ai?no n??eiaiaeith a aaeni?aiaaiiio aac? (9(36)ia/i3, oaiia?aoo?a aaco ia aoiae? a aia?ao 20iN-70iN, a ia aeoiae? 15iN-30i. Ii?? aia?aoo neeaaeaa (1300(2000)Ia. ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue: ai?no n??eiaiaeith ia aeoiae? (1,4(5,58)ia/i3 . Nooi?iue i/euaiiy 82(-87(. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aei?iaoaaiue aoee ocaaaeueiai? caeaaeiino? aieeao oaeaeeino? aaco ? aonoeie c?iooaaiiy ia i?ioean aani?aoe??, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny o aia?ao?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacai? ia ?en.10 ? ?en.11. Ii??aiyiiy oeeo caeiiii??iinoae iieacaei iiaio ?aeaioe/i?noue c ?acoeueoaoaie, iaea?aeaieie a eaai?aoi?i?e onoaiiaoe?. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeii-i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui ia i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai /ano ?iaioe o ?iai/?e cii? aia?aoo ia a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeeeaaeaiiy ? iaeiie/aiiy oaa?aeeo aeii?oie. Ia aeyaeaii caaeaaiiy aaci?iciiae?eue/i? ?ao?oee ? a?aeeeaaeaiue ia aeaiaioao ianaaeee ? no?ieao aia?aoo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui IA??II caaacia/o? aenieo aoaeoeai?noue i/e- uaiiy aac?a o n??/aiiio ae?iaieoeoa? i?e cia/ii iaioeo ii??aiyii c ?en.10 Caeaaei?noue nooiaiy aani?aoe?? ?en.11 Caeaaei?noue nooiaiy aa- a?ae oaeaeeino? aaco i?e L=50 i3/i2aiae ni?aoe?? a?ae aonoeie c?iooaai- 1-?I=9,6; 2-?I=9,8 iy 1-Wa=17 i/n; 2-Wa=14 i/n ?ioeie aia?aoaie aaaa?eoao ? aia?aaoe/ieo aeo?aoao. Iaaaaeaia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea IA??II ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei eiai ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy. AENIIAEE 1.Aiae?c ?iaioe ? oa?aeoa?enoee ianiiai?iieo aia?ao?a i?yiioi/iiai oeio iieacaa, ui noiniaii aei i?ioean?a i/euaiiy aac?a ? oaiini?aoe?? iaea?eueo i?eaeaoieie ? aia?aoe IA??II, ye? iathoue aenieo ia?aioneio caeaoi?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue, i?e iecueeiio a?ae?aae?/iiio iii?ia?. 2.Aea/aiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ?iaioe aia?aoo iieacaei, ui o IA??I ?aae?co?oueny iiacaeiaaeiuei-iiia?a/ia naeoe?thaaiiy, yea caaacia/o? ??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e oac ii ia?a??co aia?aoo ? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy e?iaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, iaea?aeaieo o eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao, o aia?aoao i?iieneiaeo ?ici???a. 3.Aeyaeaii ?aaeeie ?iaioe aia?aoo, na?aae yeeo iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? e?aiaeueii-no?oiaiaaee ?aaeei, yeee noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ?ioaineaiei iiae??aiaiiyi ??aeeie oa iiiaeaiiyi i?aeoacii? iiaa?oi?. 4.Aeine?aeaeaii e?iaoeeo ianiia?aiino oa iaea?aeaii cia/aiiy eiao?oe??i- o?a iania?aeaea/? o ie?aoe?, o e?aieyo, o aacia?e oac? i?e iao?eaii? aeaiaioo ianaaeee oa e?aie?. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??io?a iania?aeaea/? a?ae ?aaeeiieo oa aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianaaeee, aeya- eaii iioeiaeuei? aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ianaaeee. 5.Anoaiiaeaii, oi i?ioeane aani?aoe?? o oa?? ??II iaea?eueo aea?aeii aa- noe o ?aaeei? ?icaeiaiiai aeno?aeiiai i?yiioieo. Anoaiiaeaii iioeiaeue- i? cia/aiiy aonoeie c?iooaaiiy, oaeaeeino? aaciaiai iioieo. 6.Ia iniia? aeyaeaii? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ii? no?oeoo?e iioie?a o aia?ao? c ??I cai?iiiiiaaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeey ?ic?aooieo i?io?ey eiioeaio- ?aoe?? ii aenio? aia?aoo. I?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo aaeaeaaoiino? iiaeae?. 7.?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeei?enoai? i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee, yea aoea anoaiiaeaia o oeaoo ? 3 (?aaeoi? ? 1) aeine?aeiiai caaiaeo AAO «A??O?II?II» o i. Iiaee ?icaeie aeey i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a i?e ae?iaieoeoa? n??ee aaoieeaaiei iaoiaeii a?ae n??/aiiai?uoth/eo eiiiiiaio?a. Aei?iaoaaiiy aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaiai c?acea IA??II iieacaee aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ? no?eeo ?iaioo i?e o?eaae?e aenieoaoaoe??. IA?AE?E OIIAIEO IICIA*AIUe W-oaeaee?noue; Sl-/enei No?ooaey; (-/aniaee cnoa; (-ii?ici?noue ianaaeee; t-aa?oeeaeueiee oa ai?eciioaeueiee e?iee ianaaeee; (-eiao?oe??ioe iania?aeaea/?; (-aonoeia iaoa??aeo; L-aonoeia c?iooaaiiy; G-ianiaa aeo?aoa aaco; y-eiioeaio?aoe?y aaciaeo eiiiiiaio?a; un-na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue; Q-ia’?iia aeo?aoa ??aeeie; N-eiioeaio?aoe?y ??aeeie; (-eoo a?aeoeeaiiy ieanoeie; (P-a?ae?aae?/iee ii??, f-/anoioa eieeaaiiy; O-ia??iae eieeaaiiy; b-?ici?? ieanoeie; (-oeeee?/ia /anoioa; h-noaoe/ia aenioa oa?o ??aeeie; D-eiao?oe??io aeeooc??; (-aa- ciai?no; Sh- e?eoa??e Oa?aoaea (e?eoa??e Ionnaeueoa); Sc-e?eoa??e Oi?aeoa (e?eoa??e I?aiaeoey). NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CAeIAOAA*A 1.Aae?o I.I.Caeiiii??iino? iao?eaiiy ieanoei/aoeo aeaiaio?a ianaaeee oa iien aca?iiae?? oac o i?yiioi/ieo aia?aoao c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ianaaeeith (IA??I)// Iaoeia? i?aoe? Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e.- Iaeana:IAeAOO, 1997.N.222 -225. 2.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aae?o I.I. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ianiiai?io o i?yiioi/ieo aia?aoao c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ianaaeeith (IA??I)// O?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie.-1997.-? 6.- N. 23-27. 3.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aae?o I.I. A?ae?iaeeiai?ea i?yiioi/ieo aia?ao?a c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ianaaeeith (IA??I)// O?i?/ia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie.- 1997.-? 6.- N. 31-34. 4.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aaeeo I.A. Caeiiiia?iinoe aeaeaeaiey ieanoei/aoie ia- naaeee a IA?III // Iaoeia? i?aoe? Noinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.- Noie, 1998.-? 1(9).- N.79 -83. 5.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aae?o I.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna ianniiaiaia a i?yiioi/iuo aiia?aoao n ieanoei/aoie ianaaeeie// Oace aeiiia?aeae ?O I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a o?i?/ieo, oa?/iaeo oa iaooio?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa»/10-13 aa?aniy 1996 ?./ Iaeana.:IAeAOO,1996.-N.46. 6.Ieyoeoe E.Ae.,Aae?o I.I.?an/ao ianniioaea/e a aaciaie oaca i?e iaoaeaiee yeaiaioa ianaaeee n ieaieie aeeaeeinoe // Oace aeiiia?aeae ?O I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? «Oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a oa aia?ao?a o?i?/- ieo, oa?/iaeo oa iaooio?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa»/ 10-13 aa?aniy 1996 ?./ Iaeana.: IAeAOO, 1996.- N.47. 7.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aaeeo I.A., Caeiiiia?iinoe iaoaeaiey ieanoei/aouo yeaiaioia ianaaeee a aaci,-e iueai/enoiuo aiia?aoao // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia «Oaoieea e oaoiieiaey yeieiae-/anee /enouo oeie/aneeo i?iecaiaenoa»/I.: IAAOI, 1996.- N.44-45. 8.Ieyoeoe E.Ae., Aaeeo I.A., Eeeae ?.I. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea i?ioeanna ianniiaiaia i?yiioi/iuo aiia?aoia // Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, nio?oaeieeia, anie?aioia e nooaeaioia/ Noiu.:?ecioeaio? NoiAO, 1997.-N.141. AIIOAOe?ss Aae?o I.I. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioean?a ianiiai?io a aani?aa?ao ac ioeuenaoe?eiith ianaaeeith.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.13 - iaoeie oa aia?aoe o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa.- Noinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Noie, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee aenieiaoaeoeaiiai i?yiioi/iiai aaci-ieeii/eniiai aia?aoo c ?aaoey?iith ?ooiiith ieanoei/aoith ianaaeeith (IA??II) aeey i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a o?i?/ieo ae?iaieoeoa. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?iaioe aia?aoo aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?iaioe , anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue /anoioe ? aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue ieanoei/aoi? ianaaeee a?ae ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a ? aaiiao??? aeaiaio?a ianaaeee oa ?o ?icoaooaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ianiiai?io o IA??II, i?iaaaeaii iaoaiaoe/iee iien ?iciiae?eo eiioeaio?aoe?? ii aenio? ?iai/i? ciie aia?aoo. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? onoaiiaee, a iio?i i?iieneiaiai c?acea IA??II aeey i/euaiiy a?aeoiaey/eo aac?a oinoi?iiai ? n??/aiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? caeiiii??iino?, eiao?oe??ioe ianiiai?io, ?iciiae?e eiioeaio?aoe??, ioeuenaoe?eiee aoaeo, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy. AIIIOAOeEss Aaeeo I.A. Eioaineoeeaoeey i?ioeannia ianniiaiaia a aani?aa?ao n ioeuenaoeeiiiie ianaaeeie.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.13 - iaoeiu e aiia?aou oeie/aneeo i?iecaiaenoa.- Noineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Noiu, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai ?ac?aaioee aunieiyooaeoeaiiai i?yiioi/iiai aaci-iueai/enoiiai aiia?aoa n ?aaoey?iie iiaeaeaeiie ieanoei/aoie ianaaeeie (IA?III) aeey i/enoee iooiaeyueo aacia oeie/aneeo i?iecaiaenoa. Aeaoaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeannia ianniiaiaia e aeae?iaeeiaieee aeaoooaciuo iioieia a aani?aa?ao n ?aaoey?iie iiaeaeaeiie ieanoei/aoie ianaaeeie, i?iaaaeaiiua nieneaoaeai, iicaieeee auiieieoue eiaeaia?iua ?an/aou eiino?oeoeee IA?III, eniuoaoue aai ?aaioo a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oneiaeyo e naeaeaoue auaiaeu i oeaeaniia?aciinoe aiaae?aiey ?ac?aaioaiiie eiino?oeoeee a i?iecaiaenoai aeey i/enoee aacia io a?aaeiuo i?eianae. Aiaeec ?aaiou e iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ianniiaiaiiuo aiia?aoia i?yiioi/iiai oeia iieacae, /oi i?eiaieoaeueii e i?ioeannai i/enoee aacia e oaiini?aoeee iaeaieaa i?eaiaeiuie yaeythony aiia?aou n ?aaoey?iie iiaeaeaeiie ianaaeeie, eiathuea aunieea i?iioneioth niiniaiinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue, a oaeaea ieceia aeae?aaee/aneia nii?ioeaeaiea. Eco/aiea aeae?iaeeiaie/aneie ianoaiiaee iieacaei, /oi a i?yiioi/iuo aiia?aoao n ?II ?aaeecoaony i?iaeieueii-iiia?a/iia naeoeeiie?iaaiea, iaania/eaathuaa ?aaiiia?iia ?ani?aaeaeaiea oac ii na/aieth aiia?aoa e aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey eeiaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee, iieo/aiiuo a eaai?aoi?iuo oneiaeyo, a aiia?aoao i?iiuoeaiiuo ?acia?ia. Ii?aaeaeaiu ?aaeeiu ?aaiou aiia?aoa, n?aaee eioi?uo iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiui yaeyaony eaiaeueii-no?oeiue ?aaeei, nii?iaiaeaeathueeny eioaineaiui ae?iaeaieai aeeaeeinoe e iaiiaeaieai iaaeaeooaciie iiaa?oiinoe. I?aaeeiaeai eiaeaia?iue iaoiae ?an/aoa aeae?aaee/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey aiia?aoa n ?aaoey?iie iiaeaeaeiie ieanoei/aoie ianaaeeie, oeaeaniia?aciinoue eioi?iai iiaeoaa?aeaeaia yenia?eiaioaeueii. Iieo/aii niioiioaiea aeey ?an/aoa oaea?aeeaathuae niiniaiinoe ianaaeee e ?an/aoa ?acia?ia eaiaeue, ia?acothueony a aiia?aoa. Nieneaoaeai aeaoaeueii enneaaeiaaia eeiaoeea ianniia?aiina e iieo/aiu cia/aiey eiyooeoeeaioia ianniioaea/e a ieaiea, a eaieyo, a aaciaie oaca i?e iaoaeaiee yeaiaioa ianaaeee e eaiee. Auyaeaia caaeneiinoue eiyooeoeeaioia ianniioaea/e io ?aaeeiiuo e aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ianaaeee. I?aaeeiaeaii niioiioaiea aeey eo ?an/aoa. Ii?aaeaeaia nei?inoue iieaoa eaiaeue. Auyaeaiu iioeiaeueiua aaiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u ianaaeee e iieacaii, /oi iaeneiaeueiay yooaeoeaiinoue ianniia?aiina aeinoeaaaony i?e ai?eciioaeueiii oaaa ianaaeee, ?aaiii 2b e aa?oeeaeueiii oaaa, ?aaiii 5b, aaea b - ?acia? ieanoei/aoie eaaae?aoiie ianaaeee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?ioeannu aani?aoeee a neia ?aaoey?iie ieanoei/aoie iiaeaeaeiie ianaaeee iaeaieaa auaiaeii aanoe a ?aaeeia ?acaeoiai ainoiaeyuaai i?yiioiea. Yoi niinianoaoao oeo/oaieth iaeii?iaeiinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey aeeaeeinoe ii ieiuaaee iiia?a/iiai na/aiey IA?III. Onoaiiaeaiu iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey aaee/ei ieioiinoe i?ioaiey, nei?inoe aaciaiai iioiea, eioi?ua niioaaonoaotho iaeneiaeueiie eioaineaiinoe i?ioeanna ianniiaiaia. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey caaeneiinoe aeae?iaeeiaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia IA?III io aaiiao?ee ?aniieiaeaiey ianaaei/iuo oae ii iauaio ?aai/ae ciiu aiia?aoa iieacaee, /oi i?e ei?eaei?iii ?aniieiaeaiee ianaaei/iuo oae aeae?aaee/aneia nii?ioeaeaiea yaeyaony aieaa aunieei, /ai i?e oaoiaoiii ?aniieiaeaiee, i?e/ai ia?aue aa?eaio ?aniieiaeaiey niinianoaoao aieaa iieiiio ia?aiaoeaaieth aeeaeeinoe e aa eioaineaiiio iaeiieaieth. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea e i?iecaaaeai ?an/ao iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eieaaaoaeueiiai aeaeaeaiey iiaeaeaeiie ieanoei/aoie ianaaeee, iieo/aiu cia/aiey aeeaiaciia /anoio eieaaaiee ieanoei e onoaiiaeaiu aaee/eiu, aeeythuea ia /anoioo eo eieaaaiee. Yenia?eiaioaeueiay i?iaa?ea iiaeoaa?aeeea i?aaeeueiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee ?an/aoa. Ia iniiaa auyaeaiiie aeae?iaeeiaie/aneie no?oeoo?u iioieia a aiia?aoa n ?III i?aaeeiaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aeey ?an/aoa i?ioeey eiioeaio?aoeee ii aunioa aiia?aoa. Auiieiaia i?iaa?ea aaeaeaaoiinoe i?aaeeiaeaiiie iiaeaee. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee auee eniieueciaaiu i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiie onoaiiaee, eioi?ay auea niiioe?iaaia a oeaoa ? 3 iiuoiiai caaiaea IAI «AI?OEII?II» a ai?. Iiaue ?icaeie aeey i/enoee iooiaeyueo aacia i?e i?iecaiaenoaa na?u aaoieeaaiui iaoiaeii io na?iniaea?aeaueo eiiiiiaioia. Eniuoaiey iiuoii-i?iiuoeaiiiai aiia?aoa iieacaee aunieoth yooaeoeaiinoue e onoie/eaoth ?aaioo i?e aeeeoaeueiie yenieoaoaoeee, ia iniiaa /aai auee iieo/aiu enoiaeiua aeaiiua aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey oeiiaiai oeaoa i/enoee ia oeie/aneeo eiiaeiaoao n eniieueciaaieai aiia?aoia n ?aaoey?iie iiaeaeaeiie ieanoei/aoie ianaaeeie. Iaeeaeaaiue yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo i?e aiaae?aiee oaeiai oeaoa ninoaaeyao ieiei 200 oun. a?eaai. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeae?iaeeiaie/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe, eiyooeoeeaiou ianniiaiaia, ?ani?aaeaeaiea eiioeaio?aoeee, ioeuenaoeeiiiue yooaeo, iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea. Summary Gelich O.A. Intensify of mass-exchanging processes in obsorber of puls noccle.- Manuscript. Thesis for submitting for the scientific degree of the Master of technikal sciences on speciality 05.05.13 - mashines and apparatuses of chemical productions.- Sumy(State University, Sumy, 1998. Thesis is dedicated tu the problems of elaboration of high effektive direct current gas-and-dust cleaning apparatus with the regular moving plate tip for cleaning of moving away gases of chemical industries. On the basis of researches of hydrodynemic objective laws of the apparatus operation the optimum conditions of the work is determined, dependence of frequency and amplitude of oscillations of the tip from conditional parameters and geometry of elements of the tip and their distribution is established. The mathematical model of the process of mass-exchanging in the direct-current gas-and-dust cleaning apparatus, the mathematical discription of distribution of concentration accordanly to the height of the operating zone of the apparatus is conducted. The results of the work found their industrial inculcation at the projecting of the experimental industrial installation and then industrial example of the direct current gas-and-dust cleaning apparatus for cleaning moving away gases of phosphoric and sulphur industry. Key words: hydrodynemic objective laws, coefficients of massexchange, distribution of concentration, puls effect, mathematical desigh.

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