2

Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa

Ciuoe Aeea Ieeiea?aia

OAeE
628.1.147.16

?IOAINEO?EAOe?ss ?IAIOE N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO

A?OIIAEO AIAeII?IAIAe?A ( IA I?EEEAAe? EAI?INUeEIAI

A?OIIAIAI AIAeII?IAIAeO )

05.23.04.- Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

??aia — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa (OAeAAA) I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa
ao?iai? ni?aae OAeAAA

I?eia Aaea??e Ieaaiae/.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e eaiae?caoe?? ? nai?oa?ii?
oaoi?ee OAeAAA

A?oaiiiia Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/.

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo iii?oi?eiao
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, aeieia?/ii? i?iiaaaiaee oa ca’yce?a c
a?iiaaenuee?noth aea?aeoi?aae?iiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee a ??aiainuee?e
iaeano?

I?ioeaiei Na?a?e Ai?eniae/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 23 ” a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 15-00 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 47.104.01 i?e
Oe?a?inuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith:
266000, i. ??aia, aoe. Niai?ia, 11.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? aeaaeai?? ca
aae?anith: i. ??aia, aoe. I?eoiaeueea, 75.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 ” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aino??eia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Nooi?noue ? noai i?iaeaie. Ca?aeii iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo i?i?no??a Oe?a?ie
? 1269 a?ae 17 eenoiiaaea 1997 ?ieo ”I?i i?ia?aio ?icaeoeo
aiaeii?ia?aeii-eaiae?caoe?eiiai ainiiaea?noaa” no/aniee noai
aiaeii?ia?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeao?oeeoii o?iainiaeo
?ano?n?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey iaeaaeii? aenieoaoaoe?? oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy
nenoai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, iacaaeia?eueiei oaoi?/iei noaiii nii?oae,
iaeaaeiaiiy, iaaeineiiae?noth no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy oiui. ??aaiue
caaacia/aiiino? ianaeaiiy oeaio?ae?ciaaiei ieoiei aiaeiiinoa/aiiyi ca
noaiii ia 1 n?/iy 1997 ?ieo neeaaea? aeey i?no 100%, naeeu i?nueeiai
oeio — 91%, n?e — eeoa19,5%. *aoaa?oa /anoeia i/enieo nii?oae ? ia?aae
oaeoe/ii a?aei?aoethaaea oa?i?i aii?oecaoe??. A iinoaiia? ia?aaeaa/aii
13 ioieo?a caaaeaiue uiaei iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe, a oiio /ene?: — ?ic?iaeoe
eiiieaen oaoiieia?e oa onoaoeoaaiiy aeey iie?ioaiiy yeino? aiaee, yea
caae?a?oueny ?c iiaa?oiaaeo aeaea?ae; — ?icoe?eoe oa oaoi?/ii
ia?ainianoeoe i?aei?e?inoaa aiaeii?ia?aeii-eaiae?caoe?eiiai
ainiiaea?noaa; — ?ic?iaeoe iia? aoae?aaeuei? ii?ie ? i?aaeea.

Ca iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo i?i?no??a ? 134 a?ae 14 aa?aciy 1992 ?ieo
a i?aaeaiieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie caaacia/aiiy n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy
ieoiith aiaeith iiaeeeaa a?oiiaeie nenoaiaie c aeeaeaiiyi ?c iiaa?oiaaeo
aeaea?ae.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia i?aaei? Oe?a?ie a?eueo?noue n?euenueeeo
ianaeaieo ioieo?a ia io?eiothoue a aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino? ieoii? aiaee, a
1250 ioieo?a aeei?enoiaothoue i?eaicio aiaeo, ui a oe?eiio no?eio?
?icaeoie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?iaeth/eo caieyo.
Ae??oeoe oeth i?iaeaio iiaeooue o?eueee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? a?oiia?
aiaeii?iaiaee. Iaenoa??oei ae?th/ei a?oiiaei aiaeii?iaiaeii ?
Eai?inueeee, ia yeiio iaeiie/eeenue i?iaeaie c iiaea/ath ? i/enoeith
aiaee, ye? iaiao?aeii ae??ooaaoe, a a iiaeaeueoiio a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
i?iaeooaaii? iiaeo nenoai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
ia iniia? ainiaeiaia??ieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue
ia caiiaeaiiy Eai?inueeiai ?aeiiiiai oi?aae?iiy aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
oa Aea?aeaiaeainio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaathoue a ?ic?iaoe?,
aeine?aeaeaii? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue a nii?oaee
iiaea/? oa i/enoee aiaee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo
aiaeii?iaiae?a:

— aea/aii? iniaeeainoae ? iaaeie?e?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo
aiaeii?iaiae?a ?, a oiio /ene?, Eai?inueeiai;

— iie?auaii? ?iaioe oaoiieia?/ieo noai i?aeaioiaee ieoii? aiaee;

— aea/aii? ?iaioe ianin?a ia ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio aiaeiaiae?a;

— ?ic?iaoe? caoiae?a uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aiaeiaiae?a
? ?o caoenoo a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o;

— ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaaeaeaii? aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey
aeeniao/a?a

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

1. I?iaiae?ciaai? aeai? ii ?iaio? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo
aiaeii?iaiae?a NIAe, Oe?a?ie ?, a oiio /ene?, Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai
aiaeii?iaiaeo.

2. Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue ?aeiino?oeoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo noai
i/enoee aiaee ia o?ueio aeieao o?eueo?oaaiiy iiaa?oiaaeo aiae
Eai?inueeiai aiaeii?iaiaeo ?c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi noai c eiioaeoieie
i?iiiie?noe?ieueieie aai i?uaieie o?eueo?aie.

3. Aeeiiaia oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aenia?eiaioaeueia
ia?aa??ea iaaeioe?eueiino? i?aeeeth/aiiy iaeiiai ianino aai a?oie
ianin?a aei aeae?eueeio aiaeiaiae?a c ??cieie ia?aiao?aie.

4. Aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo caoenieo
eeaiai?a ECA-120-1 ia aiaeiaiaeao a?oiiaeo aiaeii?iaiae?a.

5. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaaaeaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea
aeeniao/a?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

1. Ia Noaioe?eiiio aeioe? o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e ai?iaaaeaeaia
i?yiioi/ia o?eueo?oaaiiy ia oaeaeeeo o?eueo?ao.

2. Ia Nieieuenueeiio aeioe? o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e
ai?iaaaeaeaia oaoiieia?/ia noaia c eiioaeoieie i?iiiie?noe?ieueieie
o?eueo?aie.

3. Ia ianini?e noaioe?? ae?oaiai i?aeeiio Eai?inueeiai aeieo
o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e cai?iiiiiaaia iiaea/a aiaee ii aiaeiaiaeao c
??cieie ia?aiao?aie naiino?eieie ianinaie.

4. Ia aiaeiaiae? A-1 Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo
ai?iaaaeaeaii caoeni? a?ae?aae?/i? eeaiaie ECA-120-1 aeey caoenoo
aiaeiaiaeo a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o.

5. A aeeniao/a?nueeiio ioieo? Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo
ai?iaaaeaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea aeeniao/a?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a:

1. Aeine?aeaeai? ia?aiao?e o?eueo?oaaiiy, i?iieaee ? caaaioaaeaiiy
eiioaeoieo i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo oa i?uaieo ae?iaie/eo o?eueo??a.

2. Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia caeaaei?noue aeo?ao aiaee ii ?icaaeoaeai?e
ia?aae? aiaeiaiae?a a?ae ia?aiao??a oeeo aiaeiaiae?a.

3. Aeine?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo
eeaiai?a ECA-120-1 aeey caoenoo aiaeiaiae?a a?ae a?ae?aae?/ieo oaea??a.

4.?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea aeeniao/a?a
c iaoith iioei?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy ?iaioith aiaeii?iaiaeo.

5. Aeeiiaiee aiae?c oaoiieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeeo aiaeii?iaiae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? aieiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue aaoi?ii ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
”Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie i?e aiaeieo iae?i?aoe?yo” a i.Ee?a a 1995 ?ioe?,
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ”I?iaeaie a?ae?iiae?i?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?” a
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee a 1996 ?ioe?, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
”I?iaeaie aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy aiaeieo ?ano?n?a oa iae?i?aoe??
caiaeue” a i.Ee?a a 1996 ?ioe?, 111 iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a oa nooaeaio?a OAeAAA
a 1997 ?ioe?, tha?eaei?e eiioa?aioe?? OAeAAA ”Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa” a i.??aia a 1997 ?ioe?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue,
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoee aei AAI 46/33-2.5-5-96
”N?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueea aiaeiiinoa/aiiy. Ciai?oi? ia?aae? ?
nii?oaee. Ii?ie i?iaeooaaiiy” oa ”I?aaeea oaoie/aneie yenieoaoaoeee
nenoai aiaeiniaaaeaiey e eaiaeecaoeee naeueneeo ianaeaiiuo ioieoia”, ye?
i?aeaioiaeai? Oe?aiaei?iaeoii ? Aea?aeaiaeainiii Oe?a?ie o 1996 ?ioe?
aei ae?oeo.

Ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 135 iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 110 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ia? 22 ?enoiee,
ai?uo? 27 oaaeeoeue, onueiai 137 noi??iie.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue, iaoeiaa iiaecia, i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue,

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i no/aniee noai
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieaco?, ui n?euenueea ianaeaiiy
ciaoiaeeoueny a a?eueo ne?ooiiio noai? a iinoa/aii? aiaeith, i?ae
i?nueea. A?aeii? niaoe?ae?noe a aaeoc? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
aiaeiiinoa/aiiy Iaiaeia A.N., Ea?aia??ia I.I., Eaiae?a A.A.,Aaeica?ia
I.I., Eaioeiaa?a E.A., Na?naiaaeia O.O., Oi?oaeee I.Ae., I?eia A.I.
i?aee?aneththoue iaiao?aei?noue iie?auaiiy aiaeiiinoa/aiiy nae c
a?aooaaiiyi oaeeo iniaeeainoae ye:

n aaeeea ?iccina?aaeaeai?noue niiaeeaa/?a ii oa?eoi??yo;

n iaaaeee? ?ici??e aeiaiaiai aiaeiniiaeeaaiiy, eio?? i?eoiaeyoueny ia
iaeio ethaeeio;

n neeaaeiiu? ?c iiaea/ath aiaee ia iieeaaiiy i?enaaeeaieo ae?eyiie;

n ne?ooiee noai c iiaea/ath aeaeo?iaia?a??;

n aaeee? a?ioia? aeo?aoe ia aenieoaoaoe?th nii?oae.

Ia i?aaei? Oe?a?ie aeiaaa? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo
aiaeii?iaiae?a a?aenooi?noue aai iaaaeeea e?euee?noue i??nieo aiae,ye?
iiaeeeai aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey oe?eae ieoiiai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy. Oae?
aiaeii?iaiaee a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae eiioiaeueieo cia/ii iaioeie
aeo?aoaie ?aae?ciaaii? aiaee i?e iaeiaeiaeo ia’?iao eai?oaeueieo ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieo a?ioiaeo aeo?ao, aaeeeeie cia/aiiyie nia?aa?oino?
aiaee. E??i oiai, niinoa??aa?oueny ci?ia oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
?iaioe aiaeii?iaiae?a ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy aai ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
niiaeeaa/?a ii ie?aiei ioieoai, ci?ie i?iioneii? ni?iiiaeiino?
aiaeiaiae?a, cai?ie ianinii-neeiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aenieiai eiao?oe??ioa
ia??aiii??iino? aeo?a/aiiy aiaee, ci?ie o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iieaciee?a
aeo?aeii? aiaee ? iaa?aeiia?aeiino? oaoiieia?/ieo noai i/enoee aiaee.

Eaioeiaa?a E.A., Na?naiaaeia O.O. aaa/athoue iniiai? iai?yiee
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?oiiaeo aiaeii?iaiae?a a:

n iino?eiiio oaeineiiaeaii? oaoiieia?? ? iaoiae?a ia?iaee aiaee a
ca’yceo ?c ci?iith yeino? aeo?aeii? aiaee ? iaiao?aei?noth ca?eueoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? aiaeii?iaiae?a;

n iaeneiaeueiiio aeei?enoaii? ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae caaaeyee oa’ycee
an?o aeaiaio?a nenoaie;

n cieaeaii? oa?eo?a ia aiaeo ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy aeo?ao eioo?a ia
i?aeeii, i/enoeo, o?ainii?ooaaiiy aiaee.

Iaea?eueo iieaciaei ia Oe?a?i? iiaea aooe Eai?inueeee a?oiiaee
aiaeii?ia?ae ( oaaeeoey 1 ), ia yeiio aeieeathoue i?iaeaie ?c:

n ?iaioith ianinieo noaioe?e ia ?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo aiaeiaiae?a;

n ciaioaiiyi aeoie?a aiaee ?c aiaeiaiae?a, i?aeaeuaii? ?o aeiaaia?/iino?
? caoenoo a?ae a?ae?aae?/ieo oaea??a ca aeiiiiiaith ECA-120-1;

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aiae?c oaoiieia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a?oiiaeo aiaeii?iaiae?a
Oe?a?ie a 1994 ?ioe?

Aiaeii?ia?aeA?aeiouaii aiaee, oen.i3Ao?aoe aiaee, %Aeani?
iio?aae,%E?euee?noue ii?ea?aNia?aa?-o?noue 1i3
aiaee,e?aEai?inueeee79412611.714529118Noa?ie?ei-nueeee

4993

1.3

3

4

8130Cao?aeiee76701.917.9555840Nio??anueeee958212.52.31661055?eaiaoeueeee
72615.8114112158

n iie?ioaiiyi yeino? i/euaii? aiaee, ciaioaiiyi aeo?ao aiaee ia aeani?
iio?aae, ni?iuaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo noai i/enoee aiaee:

n iie?auaiiyi ?iaioe aeeniao/a?nueei? neoaeae.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeeoueny iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue oa
iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy aeey iienaiiy nenoaie iiaea/? ? i/enoee
aiaee.

Ca ?nioth/eie iaoiaeaie ?ic?aooieo ni?eueii? ?iaioe ianin?a ?
?icaaeoaeaii? ia?aae? aiaeiaiae?a ia?aaeaa/a?oueny i?ecia/aiiy
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ae?aiao?a iniiaiiai aiaeiaiaea ? iaaeiiii?/ieo
ae?aiao??a a?aeaaeoaeaieo aiaeiaiae?a. Aeey ?iaioe ianin?a a
iioeiaeueiiio ?aaeei? ? aac ia?aaeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? iiaeiai aooe
a?aeiia?aeiee i?aea?? ae?aiao??a ? iii??a aiaeiaiae?a. Iiaea/a ii
aiaeiaiaeao ? o?eniaaiith aaee/eiith, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aiao??a
eiaeiiai aiaeiaiaeo ? ianina. Ci?ia iiaea/? aiaee ii aiaeiaiaeo iiaeeeaa
o?eueee i?e ci?i? iii?o aiaeiaiaeo. I?ioa a ae?th/eo nenoaiao aeo?aoe
aiaee ii aiaeiaiaeao iiaeooue ci?ithaaoenue a oie /e ?ioee a?e, a oea ua
a?eueoa a?aeoiaeeoue a?ae iioeiaeueiiai ?aaeeio.

A?ae?aae?/i? oaea?e a aiaeiaiaeao aeieeathoue caaaeyee ci?ie oaeaeeino?
iioie?a a aeoaea ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano i?e ci?i? nooiaiy cae?eooy
canoaie, aieeaii? aai aeieeaii? ianin?a. ?ic?aooiie oaea?iiai oeneo
aeoiaeeoue ?c oai??? I.?.AEoeianueeiai. Oeae oene caeaaeeoue a?ae
aeiaaeeie aiaeiaiaeo, eiai ae?aiao?a, a?aae??ioa ci?ie oaeaeeino?
iioiea.

A oaoiieia?/ieo noaiao i/enoee aiaee iniiaio ?ieue a?ae?a?athoue
o?eueo?oaaeuei? nii?oaee, ia?aiao?e ?iaioe yeeo ca aeaieie I?ioea,
Aeaana, Ia?oeeea, Oii?ieo, I?eiaa caeaaeaoue a?ae yeino? aeo?aeii?
aiaee, oaeaeeino? o?eueo?oaaiiy, ae?aiao?a ca?ai caneiee, oiaueie
caneiee oiui. Cae/aeii ia?ae?/ai? ia?aiao?e iia’ycothoueny
aenia?eiaioaeueieie eiao?oe??ioaie, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae oiia
aeei?enoaiiy o?eueo??a, eiie?aoieo ye?nieo iieaciee?a i/euoaaieo aiae.

I?e ?ica’ycaii? iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiao?oueny oaeee i?aeo?ae:
nenoaiaoeciaaiee aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo, ca?? ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??,
?ic?iaea aai aea?? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?ioaaiiy
aeniiae?a.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a iniiaiiio i?iaiaeeeenue ia ae?th/eo
nii?oaeao. Aeo?aoe aiaee cae/aeii aei??thaaeenue noaoe?iia?ieie
aeo?aoii??aie aai e?/eeueieeaie, a i?e a?aenooiino? — ia’?iiei niiniaii.
Oene i?e aeine?aeaeaii? o?oaii?iaiae?a aei??thaaany iaiiiao?aie, a
iai?? i?e aeine?aeaeaii? o?eueo??a — i’?ciiao?aie. sse?ni? iieacieee
aiaee aecia/aeenue ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny aeai? ii aeine?aeaeaiith nenoaie
iiaea/? aiaee Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo.

Eai?inueeee a?oiiaee aiaeii?ia?ae aeeaeoueny aiaeith ?c o?ueio iaeeaieo
aiaeinoiaeu, ia? a?aeiia?aeii o?e aeiee o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e, i?ney
yeeo ianini? noaioe?? iiaeathoue aiaeo ii ?icaaeoaeai?e ooieeia?e
nenoai? aiaeiaiae?a. Ia aiaeiaiaeao ? i?ii?aei? iaeaeai/eee c
?aca?aoa?aie ? ianinieie noaioe?yie i?aeea/ee.

?c oai?aoe/iiai ?icaeyaeo ?iaioe ianin?a ae?oaiai i?aeeiio ia
Eai?inueeiio aeioe? o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e ia o?e aiaeiaiaee
aeaaaeaii, ui iiaea/a aiaee ii o?aoueiio, ae?oai?yaeiiio aiaeiaiaeo
iia’ycaia c iiaea/ath ii aieiaiiio aiaeiaiaeo ??aiyiiyi

wmetafile8? ??Ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ay?y ? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-??????‚????!
???u?????????»????-????LY???La???i¶???In
???u??
???????»????-????On????F???-?????N???`?????`
?????`????u@th??????

aea q1 i q3 — aeo?aoe aiaee a?aeiia?aeii ii aieiaiiio ( ia?oiio ) ?
o?aoueiio aiaeiaiaeao;

N1 ? N3 — a?aeiia?aei? eiao?oe??ioe iaio aiaeiaiae?a aeey
aecia/aiiy ?o iii??a;

wmetafile8? ??…????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????Ay>??3/4 ???&?
?MathType??0????u@th??????I3 — aaiiao?e/ia aenioa i?aeeiio ii
o?aoueiio aiaeiaiaeo;

l1 i l2 — aeiaaeeie aeacaieo aiaeiaiae?a;

k2 — eiao?oe??io ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo aenio i?aeeiio ae?oaiai ?
o?aoueiai aiaeiaiae?a.

Ca ?ic?aooieaie eiao?oe?aio “ k ” ci?ith?oueny a cia/ieo iaaeao (
?en.1 ).

Oaeei /eiii, aeo?aoe aiaee ii o?aoueiio aiaeiaiaeo caeaaeaoue a?ae
eiino?oeoeaieo o?eniaaieo aaee/ei, aeo?ao aiaee ii ia?oiio aiaeiaiaeo,
cia/ii ciaioothoueny i?e a?eueo?e ??cieoe? aaiiao?e/ieo iaii??a
aiaeiaiae?a — I2 ? I3 , a oiio iaaeioe?eueii iiaeaaaoe aiaeo iaeiei

ianinii ia aeae?eueea aiaeiaiae?a. Oea iieiaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia?aa??aii

ia Eai?inueeiio aeioe? o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e ( EAON ), aea aeey
iiaea/? ii aiaeiaiaeo A-11 iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao aiaee — 46 e/n iio??aii
i?ee?eaaoe canoaeo ia aiaeiaiae? A-1 ? i?e oeueiio eiao?oe??io ei?enii?
ae?? ianina ca?eueoo?oueny ia 0,9 %.

?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiiy eeaiai?a caoenieo a?ae?aae?/ieo
ECA-120-1 ia aiaeiaiae? A-1 aeaee iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe. Aeaa oaeeo
aanieee aoee iinoaaeai? ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie ii aeiaaeei? aiaeiaiaeo,
i?e oeueiio ciaioeeenue oaea?iee oene c 0,9…1,0 Iia aei 0,4…0,9 IIa
oa e?euee?noue aaa??e ia aiaeiaiae? c 8…10 aei 1-2 aaa??e ia ??e, a
eieiaeycyo c aanieeaie ia niinoa??aaeiny ?o i?aeoiieaiiy.

wmetafile8? ??D???-???????? ???????yyy????????????
t=???

?-???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??
yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????t=???????’yy???

????yyy???? ???????t=???????ue??yyy??????-?
???u?????????»????-???? yyy???????????????????$?J??

?

.J?.J??
???u??????????»????-??????????J????yyy?????????

???.

???.J?????J?????J????.J????u?y??????

?en.1. Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa “k” a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo iaii??a

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
oaoiieia?/ieo noai i/enoee aiaee.

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? ?nioth/? oaoiieia?/i? noaie
i/enoee aiaee iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyae? aeie-noai ( ?en.2 ). Ie?ai?
aeiee e?aua ?icoaoiaoaaoe a iine?aeiaiino?, yea iaaaaeaia
ia noai? “ a ”. I?ioa, ia i?aeoeoe?, aeieeathoue
aeiaeaoeia? ca’ycee, iia’ycai? ?c eiino?oeoe??th nii?oae: nooe?euei?
e?i?? iae/ano?oa ? ioieoe?i? — iiaeeea?. ?icaeyae noai iieaco?, ui
iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiith iiaea aooe noaia “ae” c ieaaath/ith
caneieith, a iio?i noaia “ a ” c aaaeeeie caneieaie.
I?e oeueiio iaiaaeaiiy iiaea aooe ii yeino? aeo?aeii?
aiaee — aiia iiaeiia aooe iaeieaeaiooiith ? eieuei?iaith, a oi/ea aaiaeo
?aaaaio?a iiaeiia aooe iaaeeaeaia aei caneiee. Aeioe?euei?noue ie?aii
eiaeii? caneiee a aeie-noaiao aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?ieie ?
oaoiieia?/ieie iieacieeaie.

I?iiiie?noe?ieueia ieaaath/a caneiea io?eio?oueny oeyoii nio/oaaiiy
oiaa?iiai i?iaeoeoo a aa?y/?e aiae?. A?aioea i?iiiie?noe?ieo
iieo/a?oueny e?oaeith c iai?anoa?e/ieie aenooiaie. ?c ?icaeyaeo
aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a a?aioee io?eiaia caeaaei?noue

wmetafile8? ??p???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??P???uYya?????

aea wmetafile8? ??‰????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy ???@????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th?????? D2 — ae?aiao? a?aioee aei aenooi?a,
ii;

N — e?euee?noue aenooi?a;

d — ae?aiao? iai?anoa?e aenooi?a, ii.

Aeey a?aioee ciai?oi?i ae?aiao?ii 1,111 ii ?ic?aoiaaiee eiao?oe??io
oi?ie ca?ia — 1,05. A?i a?aeiia?aea? aenia?eiaioaeueiiio, yeee io?eiaa
I?eia A.I. Ca aeaieie I?eiaa A.I. i?uaia ? i?iiiie?noe?ieueia caneiee
iathoue i?eaeecii iaeiaeiao o?eaae?noue o?eueo?ioeeeea a iioeiaeueiiio
?aaeei?, eiee o?eaae?noue caoenii? ae?? caneiee aei??aith? o?eaaeino?
aeinyaiaiiy a?aie/ieo ao?ao iaii?o. Oaeei /eiii, iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeie-noaie ” ae ” aai ” a ” caeaaeeoue a?ae eiie?aoieo oaoiieia?/ieo
oiia ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a. I?e oeueiio, aeey i?uaii? caneiee
io?eiaia caeaaei?noue, iiae?aia aei caeaaeiino? I?eiaa A.I. a iaiaaeaieo
oiiaao aeey i?iiiie?noe?ieueii?

wmetafile8?
??T????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya???A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????wmetafile8? ??Ue???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??i?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-????? @???? a??? ????
o???u?th??????

aea L — oiaueia caneiee,i;

V -oaeaee?noue o?eueo?oaaiiy, i/aiae;

d -ae?aiao? a?aioe caneiee,ii;

Ie, Ii- e?ioeaa? oa ii/aoeia? ao?aoe iaii?o, i;

B, N -?ici??i? eiao?oe??ioe, ye? anoaiiaeththoueny aeine?aeiei
oeyoii.

I?e aeaaaeaii? oe??? caeaaeiino? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aeai? I?ioea Ae.I.

Ia o?e aeiee o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e- Eai?inueeee,
Noaioe?eiee, Nieieuenueeee, iinooia? iaeieaeaiooia ? eieuei?iaa aiaea (
?en.3). Ca i?iaeoii ia an?o aeieao ia?aaeaa/aia ?aaaaioia aeainooiaiaaa
noaia c

ai?eciioaeueieie a?aeno?eieeaie ia EAON oa ei?eaei?ieie ina?oethaa/aie
?c caaeneei inaaeii ia aeaio ?ioeo aeieao. Oaoiieia?/i? noaie
i?aoethaaee iaaoaeoeaii: ia caaaeaee caaacia/oaaee i?aeaioiaeo aiaee
a?aeiia?aeii? yeino?, aeo?a/aee aaeeeo e?euee?noue aiaee ia aeani?
iio?aae. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe ia?oi? nooiai? i/enoee an?o aeie?a
iieacaee aeoaea iecueeo noai?iue i/enoee, ?o eiino?oeoi?nueeo
iaa?aeiia?aei?noue, a ca?aene, aaeeea iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ae?oao nooi?iue —
oaeaee? o?eueo?e. Ca iaoith i?iiiceoe??th ia Nieieuenueeiio aeioe?
o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e aoea i?iaaaeaia cai?ia aeainooiaiaai? noaie
i/enoee ia iaeiinooiaiaao c eiioaeoieie i?iiiie?noe?ieueieie o?eueo?aie.
?iaioa ii ?aeiino?oeoe?? ii/aeanue a 1979 ?ioe? ? cae?i/eeanue a 1993
?ioe? ( c 1990 ?ieo o/anoue i?eeia? aaoi? ). Ca?ac ia aeioe?
ina?oethaa/? ?c caaeneei inaaeii iiai?notha?aeeeth/ai?, a o?e o?eueo?e c
i?uaiith caneieith ia?aiaeaaeiai? a i?iiiie?noe?ieuei? o?eueo?e,
cae?i/o?oueny ?aeiino?oeoe?y inoaiiueiai /aoaa?oiai o?eueo?a ?iaioa
aeiea cia/ii iie?aueeanue a ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie ( oaaeeoey 2 ).

Oaaeeoey 2.

Aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe aeie?a o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e

Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo

Iieac-
EAONNAONNieAONieee17.08.965.08.963.08.9617.089612.089631.07.9817.08.9612
.08.965.08.9626.02.98 Eaeaioo-i?noue, ia/e:aeo. aiaea
0.720.980.581.32.46.51.41.21.22.2o?eueo?ao0.360.50.10.40.31.70.30.10.20.
5Eieuei?i-a?noue, a?aae:aeo.
aiaea6065678980106862545100o?eueo?ao2220282529202551520Aeica oei?o,

ia/e

1.7

1.7

1.7

2.8

2.8

3.0

2.1

3.7

1.8

1.8Aeica eiaao-

eyioo,ia/e

26.5

31.1

32.1

3.1

2.8

3.8

3.0

2.2

3.1

3.8 I?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? o?eueo??a i?uaia caneiea ?c
o?eueo??a aoea aeaeaeaia, a ieaei?e ae?aiaaei?e
nenoai? aoee c?iaeai? aeiaeaoeia? ioai?e ae?aiao?ii 20
ii, ia aenio? 1,3 i a?ae aeia aoea c?iaeaia
oo?eioth/a ?ao?oea ?c eooeiai? noae? oa oaaea?a, a
i?ii?aeee i?ae ieie aoee cae??ieai? n?o/ano? ?aii/ee. I?ae
oo?eioth/o ?ao?oeo o?eueo?a caneiaany

i?iiiie?noe?ie e?oii?noth 0,5…3 ii c oiaueiith oa?o 0,6i.
Iaaeo?eueo?iaee i?ino?? an?o o?eueo??a aca?iiiia’ycoaaany ioai?aie a
ni?eueieo no?ieao. O?eueo?oaaiiy aiaee i?iaiaeeeinue cieco aeiai?e,
oaeaee?noue o?eueo?oaaiiy anoaiiaethaaeanue iaaeath/ith ? a na?aaeiueiio
aei??aithaaea 6,4 i/aiae. sse?noue o?eueo?aoo a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai aei
ieoii? aiaee ( oaaeeoey 2 ). I?iieaea o?eueo??a i?iaiaeeeanue ii/a?aiai,
/a?ac 4…8 aiaeei i?iieaaany iaeei o?eueo?. Ia??iaee/i?noue i?iieaee
?aeiiaiaeoaaeanue a caeaaeiino? a?ae yeino? i?iieaii? aiaee.
?ioaineai?noue i?iieaee a na?aaeiueiio neeaaeaea 11,5 e/n i2 i?e
o?eaaeino? i?iieaee 3…4 oaeeeie. I?e oeueiio iaeei o?eueo? i?iieaaany,
a aeaa ?io? i?aoethaaee a ?aaeei? o?eueo?oaaiiy ? iiiiaithaaee /enoith
aiaeith aca?iiiia’ycaiee i?ino??. Aeiino i?iiiie?noe?ieo ia aoei i?ae
/an i?iieaee a eaiae?caoe?th ? a iaaeo?eueo?iaee i?ino??. I?ney i?iieaee
ye?noue o?eueo?aoo oaeaeei noaa?e?ciaoaaeanue a iaaeo?eueo?iaiio
i?inoi??, aeai? ii yeino? o?eueo?aoo a iaaeo?eueo?iaiio i?inoi??
iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 3. Aeie c i?iiiie?noe?ieueieie o?eueo?aie noaa
noaa?eueii i?aoethaaoe i?ioyaii ?ieo ? e?aua i?ae ?io? aeiee ( oaaeeoey
3 ).

Oaaeeoey 3.

Aoaeoeai?noue i/enoee ia eiioaeoieo i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo o?eueo?ao

IieacieeeAeo?aeiaO?eueo?iaaia aiaeaaiaea 2 o?eueo? 3 o?eueo?4
o?eueo?Eaeaioo-i?noue,ia/e

1.3

0.5

0.4

0.4Eieuei?i-a?noue,a?aae

58

18

17

16

Aa?o?noue ?ia?o ?aeiino?oeoe?? iaeiiai o?eueo?a, a?aoiaoth/e aa?o?noue
aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, aei??aith? a oe?iao1984 ?ieo — 1186 e?a., a
an?o o?ueio — 3564 e?a. Aa?o?noue ??/ii? aeaeo?iaia?a??, yea
neeaaea?oueny c aa?oino? iiaea/? ??cieoe? i?iieaii? aiaee ianiniith
noaioe??th ia?oiai i?aeeiio ( a?ey Caeaiiy?nueeiai aiaeinoiaeua ) oa
i?iieaieo ianin?a aeey i?iieaee ?nioth/eo aei ?aeiino?oeoe?? i?uaieo
o?eueo??a, neeaaea? 411 e?a. Aeey ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?aeiino?oeiaaii?
aiaeii/enii? noaioe?? nei?ioeany ca ae?th/eie ii?iaie ooao
aaciina?aaeiueiiia’ycaiiai ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo ? oea caaacia/eei
nei?i/aiiy ??/ii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia 922 e?a. Caaaeueia aeiiii?y
ii ca?ia?oi?e ieao? ? aeaeo?iaia?a?? neeaaea? 1333 e?a., a ca ?aooiie
o?eueee aeiiii?? oeeo eioo?a ?aeiino?oeoe?y noaioe?? ieoieoueny ca 2,67
?iee.

Ia Noaioe?eiiio AON aoea ia?aaeaa/aia aaciina?aaeiy iiaea/a aiaee ?c
ci?ooaa/a ia oaeaee? i?uai? o?eueo?e. I?e oeueiio aoea ci?iaia oi/ea
aaiaeo eiaaoeyioo ? aeei?enoaiee o?aeoe?eiee oa?ae. sse?noue o?eueo?aoa
cia/ii iie?aueeanue, ciaioeeenue aeo?aoe eiaaoeyioo ? oei?o ia 20…25%,
oaeaee?noue o?eueo?oaaiiy a ii?iaeueiiio ?aaeei? i?aeaeueeanue c 6 aei
7,5 i/aiae. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe o?eueo??a iaaaaeai? a oaaeeoe? 4.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny aeai? ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey aeeniao/a?a.

Aeeniao/a?nueea neoaeaa Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo aeineoue
iia?aoeaii io?eio? ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?iaioo aai aaa??eiee noai nii?oae,
ia?a?iaey? ?? ? aea? a?aeiia?aei? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy i?i ci?io ?aaeeio
?iaioe ie?aieo nii?oae. ?iaioa aeeniao/a?a neeaaeia, iio?aao? iaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?iaioo nii?oae, ? i?eeiyooy ?ieiee iia?aoeaieo ??oaiue.
Oiio, ia aeeaey/enue ia iaiiaaio iieaoo, iioi/i?noue aeeniao/a??a
neeaaea? 20…40% ia ??e. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe
aeeniao/a??a a aeeniao/a?nueeiio ioieo? ai?iaaaeaeaia i?ia?aia “Iaiooi ”
aaoiia-oeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey aeeniao/a?a, yea iaeaaeiaia
eiii’thoa?aie IBM/AT 286.

Oaaeeoey 4.

?acoeueoaoe i?yiioi/iiai o?eueo?oaaiiy ia Noaioe?eiiio aeioe?
o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e

AeaoaEaeaiooi?noue, ia/e Eieuei?ia?noue,

a?aaeAeica ,
ia/e1993?.aeo?aeii?o?eueo?aoaeo?aeii?o?eueo?aoeiaaoeyioooei?o19.101.30.1
7060.42.125.100.60.255180.42.64.110.60.161100.42.15.110.60.035930.42.116
.114.40.5160260.86.217.115.20.4170200.86.1I?ia?aia ia?aaeaa/a?
caienoaaiiy ia iaai?oi? iin?? ? i?e iaiao?aeiino? ei?aaoaaiiy oaeeo
aeaieo: ea?oe-noaie a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo, iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? ?
eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e nii?oae, iiaea/o ianinieo noaioe?e ii aiaeeiai
aeiae , aeo?aoe aiaee ii aiaeiaiaeao a ie?ai? ianaeai? ioieoe, /an ioneo
aai coieiee ianinieo aa?aaao?a, i??caeua iaoei?no?a oiui. Iia?aoeaio
?ioi?iaoe?th aeeniao/a? io?eio? a?ae iaoei?no?a ianinieo noaioe?e
oaeaoiiiei ca’yceii, aaiaeeoue a eiii’thoa?, aeaye? aeai? ca i?ia?aiith
ia?a?aoiaothoueny ? caienothoueny o a?aeiia?aei? aeo?iaee.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaiiai ?iai/iai i?noey cia/ii i?aeaeueei
iia?aoeai?noue oa aeineiiae?noue aeeniao/a??a, ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue
nea?a ia ?iaioo aeeniao/a??a.

AENIIAEE

1. N?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ? iaei??th ?c
iaeaaae-eea?oeo aaeocae ia nae?, yea aeicaiey? i?aeiyoe caaaeueiee
??aaiue n?euenue-eiai ianaeaiiy ? i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. A aacaiaeieo ? iaeiaiaeieo
?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
a?oiia? aiaeii?iaiaee, iaeiei ?c iaenoa??oeo ae?th/eo ? iaea?eueoeo ?
Eai?inueeee, ia yeiio ?niothoue nooo?a? i?iaeaie ?c iiaea/ath ?
i?aeaioiaeith aiaee ieoii? yeino?.

2. Eai?inueeee a?oiiaee aiaeii?ia?ae ia? ?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo, a
a?eueoino?, noa?eo iaa?no?aeueieo aiaeiaiae?a ? ao?aoe aiaee ?c ieo
aeioiaeyoue aei 30%, ui ia?aaeuo? oeae iieaciee ii ?ioei aiaeii?iaiaeai.
I?e/eiith ? a?ae?aae?/i? oaea?e, ianoaa?eueiee ?aaeei ?iaioe aiaeiaiae?a
? ianinieo noaioe?e, ei?ic?ei?noue a?oio?a.

3. I?aeaioiaea aiaee ieoii? yeino? ia Eai?inueeiio a?oiiaiio
aiaeii?iaiae? aeeiio?oueny ia o?ueio aeieao o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e,
ia ye? iiaea?oueny iaeieaeaiooia ? eieuei?iaa aiaea ?c iaeeaieo
aiaeinoiaeu. I/enoea oaei? aiaee ca i?eeiyoeie aeainooiaiaaeie noaiaie
ia aeioe?eueia, ia caaaeaee caaacia/o? iaiao?aeio ye?noue aiaee.

4. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai ?icaeyaeo aca?iiae?? ?icaaeoaeaii? ia?aae?
aiaeiaiae?a a?ae iaei??? ianinii? noaioe?? anoaiiaeaia iaaeioe?euei?noue
?iaioe iaeiiai /e aeae?eueeio ianin?a ia an? aiaeiaiaee, ia aiaeiaiaee
?c nooo?ai ??cieie ia?aiao?aie iaiao?aeii anoaiiaethaaoe naiino?ei?
ianine, ui ciaioeoue aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??, aeicaieeoue i?eeiaoe
ae?aiao?e aiaei-aiae?a aeiiii?/ii iaeaea?aei?oeie, ni?inoeoue
aenieoaoaoe?th ca ?aooiie a?aeiiae a?ae iino?eiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/?
ii aiaeiaiaeao canoaeaie.

5. I?aeoe/ia ia?aa??ea ?aaeeio iiaea/? ianinaie ae?oaiai i?aeeiio ia
Eai?inueeiio aeioe? o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e iieacaea iaiiaeeea?noue
?iaioe ?o ia ?icaaeoaeaio ia?aaeo aiaeiaiae?a aac iino?eiiai
?aaoethaaiiy iiaea/? ii aiaeiaiaeao A-1, A-1a, A-11.

6. Anoaiiaeaii, ui c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aiaeiaiae?a
?o ne?ae o?anoaaoe acaeiaae aei??a, a iao?ae ae?eyiie c iniaeeai
aa?aneaieie a?oioaie, iiaeeeaa iacaiia i?ieeaaeea, caoeno aiaeiaiaeo
A-1 aeiaaeeiith 15.61 ei a?ae a?ae?aae?/iiai oaea?o iiaea caaacia/oaaoe
aeaa eeaiaie caoenieo a?ae?aae?/ieo ECA-120-1.

7. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeyaeaia iiaeeea?noue i/enoee iiaa?oiaai? aiaee ia
Nieieuenueeiio ? Noaioe?eiiio aeieao aei ieoii? yeino? a?aeiia?aeii ia
eiioaeoieo i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo o?eueo?ao ? eiioaeoieo i?uaieo o?eueo?ao
i?e oaeaeeino? o?eueo?oaaiiy 6…8 i/aiae. sse?noue i/euaii? aiaee
i?aeaeueeanue, ni?inoeeanue aenieoaoaoe?y, ciaioeeenue aeo?aoe
?aaaaio?a.

8. Iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue eiioaeoieo i?uaieo aai
i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo o?eueo??a c aeno?aeiei iioieii a ?aeiino?oeiaaieo
noaiao, ?ic?aoiaaiee eiao?oe??io oi?ie ca?ia aeey a?aioe
i?iiiie?noe?ieo ae?aiao?ii 1.111 ii aei??aith? 1.05, anoaiiaeaii
ni?iuaia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia?aiao??a caneiee ? o?eueo?oaaiiy aeey i?uaieo
o?eueo??a.

9. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aeiino?oeoe?y o?eueo??a Nieieuenueeiai aeiea
o?eueo?oaaeueieo noaioe?e ia eiioaeoi? i?iiiie?noe?ieuei? o?eueo?e
ieoieoueny ca 2.67 ?iee o?eueee ca ?aooiie aeiiii?? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe
ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo ? aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia iiaea/o i?iieaii? aiaee.
I?e oeueiio ?ioaineai?noue i?iieaee ciaioeoueny aei 10…12 e/n. i2 c
o?eaae?noth i?iieaee 3…4 oaeeeie.

10. Ai?iaaaeaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea aeeniao/a?a c
iaeaaeiaiiyi eiai eiii’thoa?aie ? caaacia/aiiyi ?ic?iaeaieie i?ia?aiaie
ia aeeniao/a?nueeiio ioieo? Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo, ui
i?aeaeueei iia?aoeai?noue ? ye?noue ea?oaaiiy ?iaioith aiaeii?iaiae?a.

11. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoee aei “I?aaee oaoie/aneie
yenieoaoaoeee nenoai aiaeiniaaaeaiey e eaiaeecaoeee naeueneeo ianaeaiiuo
ioieoia // Ainaiaeoic Oe?aeiu,-E.,1998” ( aei ae?oeo).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. I?eia A.I., Ciuoe A.I. Aeeyiea ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai aiaeiniaaaeaiey // Na. aeiee. IIE “Yeieiae-/aneea
i?iaeaiu i?e aiaeiuo iaeei?aoeeyo”.-E.,1995.-N. 140-141.

2. I?eia A.I., Ciuoe A.I. N?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aiaeiiinoa/aiiy ?
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua // Iaoa??aee IE “I?iaeaie a?ae?iiae?i?aoe?? a
Oe?a?i?”.- Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1996.-N.121-123.

3. I?eia A.I.,?eaeoeueeee A.A., Noaae I.A., Ciuoe A.I. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o
?iaioo ae?th/eo a?oiiaeo aiaeii?iaiae?a iiaeo aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a
o?eueo?aoe?? ieoii? aiaee // Ca??iee oac IIE “I?iaeaie aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aiaeieo ?ano?n?a oa iae?i?aoe?? caiaeue”.-E.,1996.-N.64-65.

4. Ciuoe A.I., I?eia A.I., I?eia I.A. Iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe aiaeiaiae?a ?
ianinieo noaioe?e Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo // Ca??iee noaoae
“I?iieneiaa oa oeea?eueia aoae?aieoeoai”.-??aia, 1997.-N.100-103.

5. I?eia A.I., Ciuoe A.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeei?enoaiiy
i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo o?eueo??a ia aiaeii/enieo nii?oaeao
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo aiaeii?iaiae?a // Ca??iee iaoe.noaoae
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa”, oii2.-??aia,1997.-N.75-77.

6. I?eia A.,Ciuoe A.,I?eia I., ?eaeoeueeee A., Noaae I. Oaeineiiaeaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo aiaeiaii?a / Aiaeia ainiiaea?noai
Oe?a?ie.Niaoeaeione.-E.,1997.-N.53-55.

7. I?eia A.I.,Ciuoe A.I., Iiuoeea I.ss. Oeeueo?u n ieaaathuae
iaiiiieenoe?ieueiie caa?oceie n ainoiaeyuei oeeueo?aoeeiiiui iioieii //
I?iniaeo OAAAO, INI “YEAI”.- ?iaii, 1997.-4n.

8. I?eia A.I., Ciuoe A.I. N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? a?oiia?
aiaeii?iaiaee Oe?a?ie // Na. iaoa?eaeia IV iaaeaeoia?iaeiie IOE
“Ieoueaaay aiaea — 98”. — Iaeanna, 1998.- N. 17-21.

Ciuoe A.I. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y ?iaioe n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo a?oiiaeo
aiaeii?iaiae?a ( ia i?eeeaae? Eai?inueeiai a?oiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaeo ).-
?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.05- aiaeiiinoa/aiiy,
eaiae?caoe?y. Oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
??aia, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ae??oaiith aeooaeueiiai ieoaiiy ?ioaineo?eaoe??
?iaioe nenoai iiaea/? ? i/enoee aiaee. A ?iaio? io?eiai? oae?
?acoeueoaoe: aeine?aeaeaiee i?ioean ?aaaaioiiai i?ina?oeaiiy ?
ciaaa?aeaiiy i?e?iaeii? aiaee ia i?iiiie?noe?ieueieo ? i?uaieo
o?eueo?ao, iaa?oioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy ECA-120-1 ia aiaeiaiaeao oa iiaea/?
aiaee ii aiaeiaiaeao ie?aieie ianinaie. ?ic?iaeai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeai? ia Eai?inueeiio a?oiiaiio aiaeii?iaiae?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ina?oeaiiy, ciaaa?aeaiiy, i?iiiie?noe?ie, o?eueo?,
aiaeia?ae, ianin.

Ciuoe A.I. Eioaineoeeaoeey ?aaiou naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo a?oiiiauo
aiaeii?iaiaeia ( ia i?eia?a Eaieineiai a?oiiiaiai aiaeii?iaiaea).-
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.04 — aiaeiniaaaeaiea,
eaiaeecaoeey. Oe?aeineay ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey aiaeiiai oicyenoaa,
?iaii, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiiai aii?ina eioaineoeeaoeee
?aaiou nenoai iiaea/e e i/enoee aiaeu. A ?aaioa iieo/aiu neaaeothuea
?acoeueoaou: enneaaeiaai i?ioeann inaaoeaiey e iaanoeaa/eaaiey
i?e?iaeiie aiaeu ia iaiiiieenoe?ieueiuo e ian/aiuo oeeueo?ao, iainiiaaii
i?eiaiaiea ECA- 120-1 ia aiaeiaiaeao e iiaea/e aiaeu ii aiaeiaiaeai
ioaeaeueiuie ianinaie. ?ac?aaioaiiua oaoie/aneea ?aoaiey aiaae?aiu ia
Eaieineii a?oiiiaii aiaeii?iaiaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: inaaoeaiea, iaanoeaa/eaaiea, iaiiiieenoe?ie, oeeueo?,
aiaeiaiae, ianin.

Zoshuk A.N. Intensifikation of agricultural group water-pipe work (as an
example Lenin’s group water-pipe.-Manuscript.Thesis for a scientific
degree of candidate of technical sciences on speciality 05.23.04- water
supply, sewerage. Ukrainian stat academy of water management, Rivne,
1998.

The thesis is devoted to the actual problem of intensification of work
feeding and water purification systems. The following results have been
obtained. The process of natural water reagent clarification and
decolouration on polystereneol and quartz sand filters has been
investigated.

The usage of KZG — 120 -1 for the water — line and water supply on the
water — line separate pumps have been substantiated. Developed
technological proposals have been applied on Lenin’s group water-pipe.

The key words:clarification, decolouration, polystereneol, filter,
waterline, pump.

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