Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 883 O : 92 + 883 – 3

Ai?iyoei-Ooieeiae/ Aiia Einei?aia

?IOAEAEOOAE?CI I?ICE

AAEA??ss OAA*OEA

10.01.01 – oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ?iai? aeaaeai?ea

Ieoaeea Aiciyea Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeaienthe ?aai Iaenaio?eiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei?

e?oa?aoo?e ?iai? aeaaeai?ea I.Aiciyea

oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? oieueeei?enoeee

?iai? O.Eieanne

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaeueie/oe Aiaaeai ?aaiiae/,

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. TH. Oaaeueeiae/a,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oi?ia Noaiai ?aaiiae/,

I?eea?iaonueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aaneey Noaoaieea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.Aiaothea,

eaoaae?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 18 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.051.06 c o?eieia?/ieo iaoe o
Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith
290602, i. Euea?a, oe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (Euea?a, aoe.
Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ethoiai 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oa?eae C.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Oi?aa?naeueiith caeiiii??i?noth
?icaeoeo e?oa?aoo?e OO no. ? ?? ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?y. Aioo??oi? iciaee
i?ice Aaea??y Oaa/oea – ienueiaiieea aenieiai ooaeiaeiueiai ?aiao, yea ?
aaaeeeaei aianeii o ?icaeoie no/anii? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e, aeathoue
i?aenoaao ia o?einionueeee ?ioaeaeooaeueiee ?? aei??. Iiaaoi?noai
A.Oaa/oea, eiee eiai ?icaeyaeaoe a aniaeo? aeai?o, iaeiiai?oa aeyaeeinue
a ?noi?e/ieo oai?ao, aeecueeeo aei oae caaiiai ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio,
coiiaeei caa?iaiiy aei oiiaieo oi?i, aeei?enoaiiy iioea?a c
oe?a?inueeiai oieueeei?o e i?oieia?? oa iiaeeeainoae ,,iiiyo?eiiai”,
neiaie?coth/iai ieneaiiy. Iaeiei ?c aeaea?ae iiaaoi?noaa A.Oaa/oea
iiaeia aaaaeaoe cao?aeio o?einio?th aecenoaioe?ae?cio, a ye?e
?icaeyaeaeeny ieoaiiy, ui aaioaaeeee e oe?a?inueeeo oai?oe?a, –
caa?aaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? o ianiaiio noni?euenoa?, iiaeieaiiy
,,aecenoaioe?eiiai aaeooio”, oi?iiy a?aeiaoiaeeoe ao?a/ai? nienee
?nioaaiiy. Aecenoaioe?aeueia i?iaeaiaoeea i?ice ienueiaiieea coiiaeea
iiaeeaeaiee ineoieia?ci eiai oai??a, iane/aiiy oaeno?a
o?einionueei-?ioaeaeooaeueieie iaaeeoaoe?yie oiui. I.Iaaeeoei iaaieioo?
ia oaeeo ,,aecia/aeueieo oa iiaaoi?nueeeo (a ?aaeyinueeiio eiioaeno?)
?enao eiai i?ice”, ye ,,aeei?enoaiiy i?o?a” ? ,,iaaiein ia o?einionueeeo
o?aaeeoe?yo, aeaeaeeo a?ae ia?enecio-eai?i?cio”. Ie?ai? aniaeoe
ooaeiaeiuei? oai?/ino? ienueiaiieea aena?oethaaee o nai?o i?aoeyo oae?
a?aeii? oe?a?inuee? e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?, ye I.AEoeeinueeee, I.?ya/oe,
I.?eueieoeueeee, A.E?aa/aiei, E.Oa?iaoeinueea (I?ia//eia), I.Iaaeeoei
(Aano?ae?y) oa ?i. ?i’y A.Oaa/oea iaiaeii?aciai caaaeoaaeinue a iaoeiaeo
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo ?ica?aeeao, i?enay/aieo iaeyaeia? no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? i?ice, – A.Oauaiea, A.Ooiiy, A.Iia??aiiai, A.Iaeueieea,
N.Ea?oa oa ?i. Oe?eaa? aeoiee i?i niaoeeo?eo i?ice A.Oaa/oea iiaeia
ciaeoe oaae o e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/ieo noaooyo oa ?aoeaic?yo
?.Ei?iaiaenueeiai, A.I?uoea, I.Iaeaea/aiea, A.Iai/aiea, TH.Einaiea,
I.Oaiueei, E.Caeanueei?-Iieoeaae/ oa ?i. I?iaeaia aeioe/iino? oe???
i?ice aei ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio iaaiith i??ith aena?oeaia o iiiia?ao?yo
A.E?aa/aiea, I.AEoeeinueeiai, a oaeiae o e?eoe/ieo noaooyo I.Iaaeeoeia,
I.Iieoea, O.Ae?aeieo, A.Aa?aaoeye, A.Ieaiaa?nueei? oa ?i. Caoe?eaaeaio
oaaao aeine?aeiee?a i?iaeiaaeo? i?eaa?oaoe aei naaa noeeuei?noue
ienueiaiieea aei iinoaiiaee ieoaiue aecenoaioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. O
oeueiio ieai? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe e?oa?aoo?ii-e?eoe/i? noaoo?
E.Oa?iaoeinueei?, ?.Aaa??e, ?.Ei?iaiaenueeiai, O.Ae?aeieo oa ?i. Iaeiae
niaoe?aeueiiai iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, yea a neioacoaaei i?iaeaie e
iiooee i?ice A.Oaa/oea, ua iaia?. Iaoa i?aoey ? ni?iaith oaeiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe coiiaeaia ia eeoa
iio?aaith ocaaaeueiaiiy iayaieo niinoa?aaeaiue iaae oai?/?noth
ienueiaiieea. Aiia iieyaa? o iaiao?aeiino? inieneaiiy ??
o?einionueei-?ioaeaeooaeueii? eiioeaioe?? a ia?aiao?ao i?eioeeiiaiai
iiaaoi?noaa. Aeine?aeaeoaaoe oai?/?noue A.Oaa/oea o oaeiio aniaeo?
iaiao?aeii e oiio, ui a?ae e?ioey 60-o oi?iaeiaae 70-o ?ie?a, eiee
oai?/a ?ioae?aaioe?y iinoaaeaia aoea o neooaoe?th ,,?anoaa?aoe??”
?aaeoe??, oeae ienueiaiiee ia?aaoaaa a io?oe?ei?e iaeanoe?, eiai iaeaea
ia ae?oeoaaee. Ia /an? – nooe?euei? aiae?oe/ii-ocaaaeueithth/? nooae??,
ye? a aaaee ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ooaeiaei? aeinyaiaiiy A.Oaa/oea a eiioaeno
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oyaeaiue i?i no/aniee oe?a?inueeee ?iiai.

CA’ssCIE ?IAIOE C IAOEIAEIE I?IA?AIAIE, IEAIAIE, OAIAIE. Iaoeiaa
?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, o ieaiao yei?
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aea/aiiy ia?aaeiaeo oaiaeaioe?e o ?icaeoeo no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? ?iiai?noeee.

IAOA ? CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? o anaa?/iiio aea/aii? ?ioaeaeooae?cio oai??a A.Oaa/oea ye
nai???aeiiai oeio ooaeiaeiueiai ieneaiiy aaoi?a. Nooae?? iaae
iiaaoi?noaii ?ioaeaeooae?noe/ieo iia?noae oeueiai ienueiaiieea aeathoue
ciiao ae??oeoe ieceo eiie?aoieo aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, ?ic?iaeaieo
e??cue i?ecio: a) o?aaeeoe?e oe?a?inueeiai e??eei-oeia?iiai ?iiaio (o
ieai? iiaoeee); a) iniiaiiieiaeieo eaoaai??e aecenoaioe?aeueii?
o?einio?? (o ieai? i?iaeaiaoeee).

O iaaeao iacaaieo i?iaeaiieo e?i?e noaaeii nai?i caaaeaiiyi:

i?inoaaeeoe aaiacen ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice a oe?a?inueeiio aa?iei, iieacaoe
?? aieea ia iiaoeeo oai??a A.Oaa/oea;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueia? i?eeiie oiiaiino?
o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea a eiioaeno? caaaeueii? iiaeae? ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice;

c’ynoaaoe ?ieue ? ooieoe?? ,,oeia?iino?” o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea ye caniao
?ioaeaeooae?caoe??, o?einio?caoe?? oaenoo;

o eiioaeno? o?aaeeoe?eieo aecenoaioe?aeueieo eiioeaioe?e (A.Eaith,

AE.-I.Na?o?) ?icaeyiooe o?aaeeoe?? oa iiaaoi?noai A.Oaa/oea uiaei
aena?oeaiiy neeaaeieo i?iaeai no/aniino?;

inieneeoe e ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe nooue aecenoaioe?aeueii? eiioeaioe?? aoooy
ethaeeie /a?ac aiae?c eiioeaiooaeueieo iioea?a i?ice A.Oaa/oea;

?icaeyiooe oai?e A.Oaa/oea ye a?aeaeooy cao?aeiiai aecenoaioe?ae?cio ?
ni?aa?aeianoe ?o c o?aaeeoe??th aecenoaioe?aeueiiai ieneaiiy,
aecenoaioe?aeueiiai o?einiooaaiiy ? aeania aecenoaioe?ae?cio a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

I?aaeiaoii aea/aiiy ? ?noi?e/i? oai?e oa ?iiaie A.Oaa/oea, aeeaiei
eiioeaiooaeuei?, caei??iai? o oieueeei?i?e iiaoeoe?, iia’ycai? c
o?aaeeoe??th ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio, a oaeiae oeeee i?nueei? i?ice
ienueiaiieea, yea o iaio?e i??? iiaoaeiaaia ia caniaao oiiaiino?, aea
oaae a?aeaeca?eaeth? iinooeaoe aecenoaioe?aeueii? o?einio??.

IAOIAeIEIA?*IITH INIIAITH AeINE?AeAEAIIss ? nenoaiii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy neeaaeiiai ? aaaaoianiaeoiiai iaoa??aeo
A.Oaa/oea-i?ica?ea. Canoiniaaii e anoaoe/iee oa ?noi?eei-ii??aiyeueiee
iaoiaee. Iaaiei c?aceii aiae?co ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice oeueiai ienueiaiieea ?
aeey ian iiiia?ao?y A.E?aa/aiea ,,Ooaeiaeiy oiiai?noue a oe?a?inuee?e
?aaeyinuee?e i?ic?”. O ieai? i?iaeaiaoeee oai??a ienueiaiieea
iaoiaeieia?/ieie canaaeaie ?iaioe noaee iniiai? oace aecenoaioe?aeueii?
o?einio??, nenoaiaoeciaai? TH.Einnaeii o eiec? ,,Aecenoaioe?ae?ci o
o?einio?? oa e?oa?aoo??”. Aeei?enoiao?ii oaae i?aoe?, i?enay/ai?
caaaeueiei i?iaeaiai oai??? e?oa?aoo?e. O iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?? cia/io
aeiiiiiao ie io?eiaee c iaeiia?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue oe?a?inueeiai
(I.AEoeeinueeee, I.?eueieoeueeee, O.Naeeaa, ?.Aeaienthe, E.Naiee,
N.Iaaee/ei, O.Aoiaei?iaa) oa iieuenueeiai (A.Ia?eaae/)
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A. O ?iaio? aia?oa ?icaeyiooi
niaoeeo?eo ?ioaeaeooae?cio i?ice A.Oaa/oea o aeaio aca?iicoiiaeaieo
aniaeoao: a) oeiieia?/ii? nii??aeiaiino? iiaoeee oai??a A.Oaa/oea c
iiaoeeith ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio; a) aieeao iieiaeaiue aecenoaioe?ae?cio ia
i?iaeaiaoeeo i?ice ienueiaiieea. Oaea nenoaiaoecaoe?y aea? ciiao aeeaoa
i?inoaaeeoe eiie?aoi? ?ene iiaaoi?noaa A.Oaa/oea: ,,iaioeia?i?noue” ye
nai???aeiee oei oiiaiino? a ooaeiaeiueiio aniaeo?, a a aniaeo? ci?noo
oai??a – niaoeeo?eo oae caaiiai ,,iiceoeaiiai aecenoaioe?ae?cio”. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae iiaea iineoaeeoe i?aea?oioyi aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? o?einionueei? i?ice.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o oiio, ui a i?e
oia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaeniiai e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co i?iciaiai
aei?iaeo A.Oaa/oea.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe ? aeniiaee iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey ?ic?iaee oe?e?nii? eiioeaioe?? ?ioaeaeooaeueii? i?ice,
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oai??a ie?aieo ienueiaiiee?a, a?ae?ia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioiai
?iaeo aeaeaiue. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? oaeiae o
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?? iaoa??ae?a aeey aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo
iai?yi?a a oe?a?inuee?e i?ic? 60–90-o ?ie?a XX no., aeey ?icoi?iiy
aaiaceno oa aaiethoe?? oe?a?inueeiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?iiaio, a oaeiae
i?e /eoaii? caaaeueieo eo?n?a c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e o aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

AI?IAAOe?ss AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? eyaee a
iniiao aeaieioaieo oa iioae?eiaaieo aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo o Uaoeeinueeiio oi?aa?neoao? (1996 ?., 1997 ?.)
oa Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea

(1-3 ea?oiy 1998 ?.) oa o o?noueio iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo.

IANssA ? NO?OEOO?A ?IAIOE. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a (eiaeai c yeeo ia? ii 7-8 ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoea; aeeeaaeaia ia 183 noi??ieao, c ieo
162 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo. A?ae?ia?ao?y ia?aoiao? 168 iiceoe?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ?
caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, aeaco?oueny ?? iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aena?oeth?oueny
ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie eaoaae?e, iiaeathoueny
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?
aea?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a c ??
oaie, a oaeiae aiae?co?oueny nooi?iue aea/aiino? i?iaeaie. Ooo
aena?oeththoueny o? iaoiaeieia?/i? e?eoa???, ia yeeo aaco?oueny
iiaeaeueoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. O ca’yceo c oeei c’yniao?oueny eiiieaen
aaiaoe/ieo ? oeiieia?/ieo ?en, ui aeicaiey? aeie?aieoe oaiiiai
oe?a?inueeiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ?iiaio oa ni?aa?aeianoe eiai c?
niaoeeo?/ieie oi?iaie ?ioaeaeooae?cio o i?ic? A.Oaa/oea.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – ,, INIAEEAINO? ,,OEIA?II?” I?ICE (Aieea aeaiaio?a
,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio ia iiaoeeo oai??a Aaea??y Oaa/oea)” ?icaeyaea?oueny
?noi?e/ia i?ica A.Oaa/oea a eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai
e??eei-oeia?iiai ?iiaio.

1.1. ,,Oeia?iee” ?iiai. Aaiaca, ?icaeoie. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?inoaaeea aaiaaeia?th ? ?icaeoie ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice a
oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??, i?iaiae?coaaa ?? aeii?iaioi? ao?eaooe. Aiia
iia’ycaia c caaaeueiith onoaiiaeith aa?iei, oai?/?noth
?.Eioey?aanueeiai, A.Ea?oee-Iniia’yiaiea, I.Noi?iaeaiea oa ?i. Nai
oa?i?i aaaaeaiee

1958 ?ieo ,,oeia?iei ?iiaiii ?c ia?iaeiei ono” I.?eue/aiea
,,Eicaoeueeiio ?iaeo iaia ia?aaiaeo, aai ae Iaiae ? /oaea Iieiaeeoey”,
aea aeai? ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio noi?ioaaany ye oe?oa, ia’?ii?oa yaeua
ooaeiaei?ie iiooeaie ianooiiiai, iieiaeoiai iieie?iiy i?ica?e?a.
Aeaiaioe ,,oeia?iino?” iayai? o oai?ao ?.Oaaei??aa, A.Caieyea,
A.I?iyeea, ?.Aooeaea, A.Ae?icaea, TH.Ua?aaea, I.Caa?aaaeueiiai, a oaeiae
o iia?noyo oa ?iiaiao A.Oaa/oea. Oaea ia ?ac ?iaeeeny ni?iae aecia/eoe
aeii?iaioi? ao?eaooe ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice. Aeine?aeieee aaaaeaee
oa?aeoa?iith aeey ia? oai?/o i???ioaoe?th ienueiaiiee?a ia oieueeei?i?
o?aaeeoe??, oaioaniaai?e/ia ia?aoai?aiiy ?aaeueii? ae?eniino?. Aei iciae
,,oeia?iino?” a?aeiineee aiie aeaiaioe ia?iaeii? ni?oiai? eoeueoo?e
(aoii?, ao?eane, oa?n), noa’?eoeaio e??eciaaio ?iciia?aeue,
,,noee?noe/io iie?oii?th” oiui.

1.2. Ooaeiaeiy oiiai?noue. Aeena?oaio aeoiaeeoue c oace, ui iaei??th c
aecia/aeueieo yeinoae ooaeiaeiuei? no?oeoo?e ,,oeia?iiai ?iiaio” ?
oiiai?noue (,,iaaeeoo?iiae?ai?noue”). O i.1.2. c’yniao?oueny cia/aiiy
oa?i?ia ,,ooaeiaeiy oiiai?noue”, aecia/athoueny oeie
,,iaaeeoo?iiae?aiiai” ocaaaeueiaiiy. Ooaeiaeiy oiiai?noue – yaeua
aaaaoiieaiiaa, oa?aeoa? yeiai ie?aneth? ia?o ca ana ?iaeea?aeoaeueia
oai?/a iaia?a ienueiaiieea. Ei?enooth/enue eeaneo?eaoe??th A.E?aa/aiea ,
yeee aeae?ey? /ioe?e iniiai? oeie oiiaiino? o o?einionueeiio ?iiai?
(eiioeaiooaeueio, oa?aeoa?ieia?/io, neooaoe?eio, iiia?aeio), ie
i?iaiae?coaaee ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueia? i?eeiie
,,iaaeeoo?iiae?aiino?” o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea .

1.3. Eiioeaiooaeueia oiiai?noue – iaea?eueo caaaeueiee ??aaiue i?e-

eiio – coiiaeth? iayai?noue o ?iiai? aeaiieaiiai? ?iciia?ae?, oiaoi
ii?aeiaiiy eiie?aoii-ia?aciiai a?aeoai?aiiy ae?eniino? ? aeeaieiai
?aeaeiiai i?aeoaenoo. Aeanoeaino? aeaiieaiiaino? ne?ae o?aeooaaoe,
aeoiaey/e c iiaoeee aeai?o. O iia?noyo oa ?iiaiao A.Oaa/oea i?aeoaeno
a?ae?a?a? ia?oi?yaeio ?ieue. ,,Ae?oaee ieai” iia?nooaaiiy ?aae?co?oueny
a nenoai? iaaeeoo?iiae?aieo i?eeii?a, aeaea?aeii yeeo aoaathoue o
ienueiaiieea, ye ? a ,,oeia?iiio ?iiai?, i?oieia?/i? nthaeaoe,
oieueeei?i? ia?ace e iioeae, i?eo/aaa nthaeaoioai?aiiy. I?aeoaenoiaee
iaoye ia oa, ui any ?iciia?aeue iiaea aooe o?aeoiaaia aeeaoa, i?ae o
eiie?aoii-ia?aciiio ieai?, i?eoiaothoue caaieiaee e i?aecaaieiaee oai??a
A.Oaa/oea (,,Ia iie? nie?aiiiio”, ,,O?e eenoee ca a?eiii”, ,,Ii?, ,,O
iauo Ae?aeiia” oa ?i), iacae ?icae?e?a (,,Niie?e”, ,,Ioao ia?ae?oiee”,
,,Neiy aei?iaa”, ,,Iao?i ooaeeee”, ,,E?n ethaeae” oa ?i.), a oaeiae
ie?ai? ?iaia e i??caeua aieiaieo aa?i?a (Aoaian?e (aacnia?oiee),
Naoaiianueeee, Aeaeaiaeaeo?ee, Ae?aeii, Ia?aeaniee, Iaao/eoa oa ?i.).
,,Ae?oaee ieai” ia?aoe?? iaaea? oai?ai iiaiai o?einionueeiai aei??o. On?
aa?i? e iiae?? iaaoaathoue caaaeueiiethaenueeiai cao/aiiy. Ca?aaee
oieeiaiiy iaaei??ii? oneeaaeiaiino? o?einionueeiai ieaio a?aeaoaa?oueny
o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea i?ioean inthaeaoiaiiy o?einionueeeo eaoaai??e /a?ac
eiie?aoi? ethaenuee? aeie? oa a/eiee, ui I.?eueieoeueeee aecia/a? ye
,,ii?aeiaiiy nthaeaoo ?aea? c nthaeaoii ae??”. Caaaeyee oiio ?aeay ia
noaiaoeco?oueny, a a?inoa? a ia?ac, o neooaoe?th, o eiioe?eo.
Acii?anueeo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aeaiieaiiai? iiia?ae? i?iiiiothoue
aeine?aeieee I.Iaaeeoei ? A.Aa?aaoeye , ia aeoieo yeeo oai?e A.Oaa/oea,
cie?aia ,,O?e eenoee ca a?eiii” ? ,,Ae?i ia ai??”, iiaeia i?i/eoaoe ye
iie?oe/ii iaaeii? /e eiyeuei? aai ye acii?anueeo aeaai??th aeeeoaoo?e a
Nia?onuee?e ?iia???. ?acii c oei oai?e oe? iaaoaathoue
aioeeieii?aeueiiai cao/aiiy. Ioaea, ia ??ai? eiioeaiooaeueii? oiiaiino?
neiaie?ea oai?o ia ae/a?io?oueny iaeiei i?i/eoaiiyi. Aiia a?aee?eoa
uiiaeiaioa aeey aeaio ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e: i?yii?, ca?aeii? c io?oe?eiith
?aeaieia??th, ? iie?oe/ii? – acii?anueei?.

1.4. Oa?aeoa?ieia?/ia oiiai?noue. Caaaeyee aeaiieaiia?e ?iciia?ae?
i?ioean oa?aeoa?ioai?aiiy oaae a?aeaoaa?oueny o aeaio iai?yiao. C
iaeiiai aieo, ienueiaiiee aeeaiei e aeinoia??ii ia?aaea? ineoieia?th
aa?iy (,,aacoiiaia oei?caoe?y”), c ?ioiai — oa?aeoa? o ,,oeia?iiio”
?iiai? ia? ua iaeei aei??, ui aaciina?aaeiuei i?aeeeth/a? eiai aei noa?e
?aeae (,,o?einionueea oei?caoe?y”). Aa?i? – ia i?inoi ethaenuee? oeie,
a a?aeiia?aeii aei ,,nthaeaoo-?aea?” – ,,ia?niiaae?-?aea?”. Aiie
iaaoaathoue ?en iaaeeoo?iiae?aieo, oiiaieo. Iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i
,,oeia?i?noue” oa?aeoa?o. Iaaeeoo?iiae?ai?noue aa?i?a i?eaiineoueny a
oeaieio oai?o /a?ac ?o iacae/aei?, iaaei?e?iaei? caeaoiino?, iin?? yeeo
aenooiathoue o A.Oaa/oea iae/ano?oa a i?aie? aea?oiaiino?. Aeooiaiee
na?o ia?niiaae?a aioo??oiuei ni?aa?aeiineoueny c ?iioeuenii, ui eaea ?c
ciai?oiueiai aieo. Aoiinoa?o iaiaaiino? e aeooaaii? ?icaeai?iino? aa?i?a
i?aeneeththoue iioeae anai?enooiueiai no?aoo, a?/ii? aoa/?-iiaii? oiui
(,,Ii/aoie aeaoo”, ,,O iauo Ae?aeiia”, ,,O?e eenoee ca a?eiii”, ,,Ia
iie? nie?aiiiio” oa ?i.) aai a?aeiia?aeii aei eaa?aeii? aaea/? aa?i?a
ienueiaiiee ?iciaeueiao? na?o o na?oeeo aa?aao, ?iciia?aeue aaaeaoueny
iaeaaieeai, a?ae/oaa?oueny aoiinoa?a cai??yii-aeaa?eiiai iano?ith
(,,Ae?i ia ai??”). Aacnoii?aiei iaaooeii ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio ? noai?aiiy
nai???aeiiai oeio aa?iy – ooea/a ?noeie. Oeth aeanoea?noue I.Aaoo?i
ciaoiaeeoue ua a aioe/ieo i?aaeoa/ao ?iiaio . Oaeiae ? any Oaa/oeiaa
i?ica – oea oai?e i?i iiooe naino aoooy. Ia?ac ieneeoaey, o?einioa,
yeiai aaaeoue a?/ia aei?iaa ? iiooe naino aoooy, coiiaeth? ai?/io oe?ioo
– iaeio c i?eeiaoieo ?en oai??a oeueiai aaoi?a. ?noioiei aeaiaioii
o?einionueei? oei?caoe?? ? oaeiae ?aeaae?coaaiiy aa?iy. ?aeaaeuei?
yeino? ia?niiaae?a /anoi a?ia?aie?ciaai?, caaaeyee /iio ienueiaiieeo
aaea?oueny i?aeiyoenue aeua eiie?aoiiai iaoa??aeo, oi?eiooeny
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo yeinoae ethaenueeiai oa?aeoa?o. Aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai
i?eeiio iniaeeai a?ae/ooia o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea, i?enay/aieo ieooeyi, ?
cie?aia naiiio i?ioeania? oai?aiiy (,,Ae?i ia ai??”, ,,*a??aiee”,
,,Iino??e, ,,Aeeyaie, yeiai iaia” oa ?i.).

1.5. Neooaoe?eia oiiai?noue. Ia?niiaae o ,,oeia?iiio” ?iiai? iae/ano?oa
iinoaaeaiee o oaioanoe/i?, oiiai? neooaoe??. Caouaiiy oeiiaeo ?en
oa?aeoa?o iio?aao? ? a?aeiia?aeii? iane/aiino? ianoaaei, o yeeo a?i
ae??. Ioiae ine?eueee Oaa/oeia? ia?niiaae? ,,cai?ia?aiiaai?” ?aeaeiith
aeii?iaioith oai??a, oi e neooaoe?? iieeeeai? aena?oeeoe ? ,,ia?aa??eoe”
oe? aeii?iaioe. Iae/ano?oa aoaathoue oea oiiae eaceia? (iiooe nea?ao,
icaei?iaeaiiy cei/eioey-nia?oieea oiui). Neooaoe?? ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice,
ye i?aaeei, aei?iaoaaeuei?. O oai?ao A.Oaa/oea ianaiia?aae oea neooaoe??
aeai?o. Aiie ia??aeei iia’ycai? c aioeoacith aeeooy-nia?oue (,,I?ny/iee
a?eue”, ,,E?n ethaeae”, ,,Ioaoe c iaaeaeeiiai ino?iaa”). ?ieiee oiiaia
neooaoe?y ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei eiie?aoiiai iane?aeeo, a eoeuei?iaoe?y
iaeaea ceeaa?oueny c ?ica’yceith (,,O iauo Ae?aeiia”), aeath/e iaaiaeo
aei oe?ieiai niaeo?o /eoaiue oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e. O aeaaaeaii?
iaaeeoo?iiae?aieo neooaoe?e A.Oaa/oe ia??aeei aaea?oueny aei i?eeiio
a?ioaneo, yeee noaiiaeoue iaiaei?iiee eiiiiiaio ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio. O
eiai oai?ao /eiaei a?ioaneieo, iai?aoaioanoe/ieo neooaoe?e, ye? ia
aienothoueny a ?aiee aoaeue-yei? eia?/ii? noaie. Ia?niiaae? anooiathoue
o a?aeiineie c iaaei?e?iaeieie neeaie, iathoue ni?aao c ,,?ic??aeaeaiith
ieiooth”, ?icaeaiththoueny, ia?aao?eththoueny, anoaiiaeththoue eiioaeoe
c ?ineeiiei na?oii, ia?aoai?ththoueny o oaa?eie, uia caiaeii noaoe
ethaeueie oiui.

1.6. Oiiai?noue iaia?e ?iciia?ae? coiiaeth? ?? e??ecaoe?th, iineeth?
?ieue aaoi?a, aaoi?nueei? eiioeaioe??, ui noai?th? nai???aei?
iaaaeaeoae? aei ia?niiaae?a ianoaaeie. Oiiaiee e??eciaaiee ieai
?iciia?ae? a oe?eiio i?eoaiaiiee ? i?ic? A.Oaa/oea. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith
oai?aiiy ianoaaei o i?e ia ? ia’?eoeaia ciaethaaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?oo, a i?iieeeeai-e??e/ia eiai iethaeiaiiy. Eiai ?noi?e/i? oai?e i?e
an?e ?aaeueiino? cia?aaeaieo iiae?e ia caiaeyoueny aei ,,eii?thaaiiy”
a?aeiieo ?noi?e/ieo oaeo?a, ?oiy iaoa – i?inoaaeeoe c?inoaiiy
aeooiaiino? ?noi?e/ii. Aeey A.Oaa/oea oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae oe?iea
neiii?i?/i?noue, anai?enooiy iaoaoi?e/i?noue, ianoaeuei?noue,
iaiecoaaiiy ia?ac?a a iaeei ?yae (iica?/ii-eaeaeaeineii?/ia
ithainoaaiiy), ui iiiaoeciao? ?iciia?aeue, iaaea? ?e ?en oiiaiino?.
Iineeaiiy noa’?eoeaiino? ia?aoe?? iia’ycaia, ia aeoieo A.Ai/a?iaa, c
i?ioeanaie ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? (?ioaeaeooaeueia iane/ai?noue ?iciia?ae?)
e ?iiaioecaoe?? (iane/aiiy ?iciia?ae? ?iiaioe/ieie, oieueeei?ieie
iioeaaie) e?oa?aoo?e. Oae, o nai?o oai?ao A.Oaa/oe aiaeth? ia o?eueee
aei ii/oooy, a e aei ,,oieiaeiiai ?icoio”, aeath/e iiaeeao ?ioaeaeoia?.
C ae?oaiai aieo, o oiae? ?icai?oaiiy nthaeaoo iinooiiai an? ?noi?e/i?
oaeoe aeaoi?iothoueny, ?iiaioecothoueny oaioanoe/ieie ,,a?/ieie
nthaeaoaie”. Iiae?aii aei ?iiai?a ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice, oai?e A.Oaa/oea
aeaiiino?othoue aaaaoiiai?oiee oa?aeoa? aeai?iai-noeeueiaiai neie?aoecio
(noee?noe/ia iie?oii?y). Neioac noeeueiaeo i?eeii?a ?aae?co?oueny, i?ae
?ioei, ci?uaiiyi aeaiaio?a anoaoeee aa?iei ? ?iiaioecio,
ia?ac?a-neiaie?a ? noi??iie ?aae?noe/iiai oa ?ii?an?ii?noe/iiai ienueia.
E??i o?aaeeoe?eii? aeey A.Oaa/oea ,,aeaa?eii? i??eeeaino?”, ? ooo
iaeaiueeee ,,aeaoaeoea”, eiei?eoi? ?noi??? c ia/enoith neeith,
noee?ciaai? ,,i?ae aa?iei” i?eo/? oa ?ioa?iaae?? oiui.

Eiiiiiaio, ui eiai ienueiaiiee a?aeeeaea?, a yeee a?ae?a?a? aecia/aeueio
?ieue o iiaoeoe? ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice, – oea aoii?. Caiaaeoi na?eicii
cao/aoue eiai oai?e, uia iacaaoe ?o aoii?enoe/ieie /e naoe?e/ieie.
Uii?aaaea ni?oia? aeaiaioe aenooiathoue, i?ioa oea ia ? ea?iaaaeueiee
?aae?niee ni?o /e a??eee aiaie?anueeee ,,ni?o e??cue neueice”. Caaaeii,
o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea a?aenooiy oaea oa?aeoa?ia aeey ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio
aoiinoa?a ia?iaeiiai nayoa c aoii?enoe/ieie ia?acaie, aace?//th aea?o?a
? nieiaeoeo i?ene?a’?a. Oeia?ia oiiaeuei?noue aeey eiai oai??a ia
oa?aeoa?ia. Iiae?aii? aeoiee aeiaea?aeo?oueny I.Iaaeeoei, yeee
aeoiaeeoue c iiceoe?e, ui a?aenooi?noue oeueiai ?iaeo aoii?o ca?eueiy?
Oaa/oeia? oai?e a?ae ,,iaa?eaeeeai? ni?oiino?, a ae?eniino? a?ae
eaieoaaiiy”.

1.7. Oiiai?noue, ,,oeia?i?noue” ? ?oi? iaae? o ?iiai?. Ie?aiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaaea i?iaeaia ceiaaeeaaiiy ,,oeia?i?noth”. C i?eaiaeo
iaaei??iiai caoiieaiiy oeia?iith oi?iith i?inoaaeothoueny aeaye? oai?/?
i?i?aooiee o oai?ao oeia?iiai ieaio. Iaaei??ia oneeaaeiai?noue
?iciia?ae?, ye ? a aeayeeo ?ioeo aaoi??a ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice, aoaa? oaae
i?eaiaeii ooaeiaei?o ia?aaeo?ao o i?ic? A.Oaa/oea. Aei ieo iaeaaeeoue,
i?ae ?ioei, neaaea iia’ycai?noue i?ae aeaiia /anoeiaie ?iiaio-aaeaaee
,,Ae?i ia ai??”, iaaei??ia niiaeyaeaeuei?noue aa?i?a, iaaeoi ?iceia?
iiene, o?aaiaioa?i?noue eiiiiceoe??, a?aenooi?noue iane??ciiai nthaeaoo,
iaaei??a caaaaeeiaeo i?noeue, noiaeeo ia ?aaone (,,Aeaeoia, Na?/aiiy”,
,,E?ia ia ni?ao”). O oeueiio ieai? aeine?aeieee ca?aei?, ui ienueiaiiee
iiaeiai /ano?oa i?eoiaeeoe ia aeiiiiiao nai?io /eoa/aa?.

Caniae ,,oeia?iino?” – ni?o, ia?iaeia oaioanoeea, ?noi?e/iee eiei?eo –
o?aaeeoe?eii canoiniaothoueny aeey oiai, uia caaaaeyoe, ?icaaaeaoe
/eoa/a (,,Eicaoeueeiio ?iaeo iaia ia?aaiaeo…” I.?eue/aiea, ,,Iice/aiee
/ieia?e” ?.Aooeaea, ,,Eaaaaeeia ca?ay” A.Caieyea oa ?i.). I?ica
A.Oaa/oea aoaeo?oueny ia ?ioeo i?aenoaaao. Oai?/o i???ioaoe?th ia
oieueeei?i? o?aaeeoe??, aaeeaaiiy cania?a oiiaiino?, oaioanoe/ia
ia?aoai?aiiy ia’?eoeaii? ?aaeueiino? ienueiaiiee aeei?enoiao? ia ye
can?a ,,aecioecaoe??” oaenoo /e ni?iao a?aceoe, iio?oeoe /eoa/a.
,,Oeia?i?noue” o A.Oaa/oea – oea ?aaeoa can?a ineoiaiae?co, i?ciaiiy
ethaeeie, iaoao?ceee ?? aeoo?. Aiia noa? nai???aeiei ?ino?oiaioii aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeceiaiaeaii?oeo i?iaeai no/aniino?, a ?? caniae
aeicaieythoue ,,ia?aaeienaeueiei /eiii iaaeeceoeny aei aeeoo?ai?
i?aaaee, aei ?aae?cio”.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeiaiaeyoue, ui i?ica
A.Oaa/oea aeyaey? aeaye? oeiieia?/i? iiae?aiino? c iiaoeeith
,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio. Ia?aaeon?i, oea oai?e ,,yne?aai-oiiaiiai ooeao”, a
yeeo oiiai?noue – iaeia c aaaeeeaeo i?eeiao. ?? aeaiaioe
aca?iiia?aie?oathoueny ia ??aiyo eiioeaiooaeueiiio, oa?aeoa?ieia?/iiio,
neooaoe?eiiio, iiia?aeiiio. Aiae?c oiiaieo cania?a, aeanoeaeo aeey
ienueiaiieoeueei? iaia?e A.Oaa/oea, i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, aiaeii/an, ui eiai
i?ica a?aeeeaea? aeaye? c ao?eaoo?a ,,oeia?iino?” (aeaiaioe ia?iaeii?
ni?oiai? eoeueoo?e), aae?a? a naaa ?io? (cai?noue ,,oeia?ii?”
oiiaeueiino? – ,,aeaa?eio i??eeea?noue ?aiiuei? inai?”) e ia?aoai?th?
?o, aoiaey/e o nai???aeio anoaoe/io aeeneon?th c oeei aenia?eiaioaeueiei
iai?yiii. Iacaaaeath/e ia aeaye? oeiieia?/i? iiae?aiino? c iiaoeeith
,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio, anoaoe/i? ooieoe?? Oaa/oeiai? i?ice ?io?. Caniae
oeia?iino? c’yaeythoueny a eiai oai?ao, aea ia c ?icaaaeaeueieie, a
na?eicieie ooieoe?yie, ni?yiiaaieie ia aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ethaenueeiai aoooy. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaii aiai?eoe i?i
nai???aeio ,,iaioeia?i?noue” (iiiaeaio ,,oeia?i?noue”), aeaiaioe yei?
aeei?enoiao? A.Oaa/oe ye can?a ?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? i?ice c iaoith
iiaeeaeoe ?? o?einionueea, ?ioaeaeooaeueia ia/aei.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – ,, IIOEAE AECENOAIOe?AE?CIO E AANO?AeO (Aieea
na?oiaeyaeieo iieiaeaiue aecenoaioe?ae?cio ia i?iaeaiaoeeo oai??a
Aaea??y Oaa/oea)” – ?icaeyaea?oueny i?nueea i?ica ienueiaiieea a
eiioaeno? iniiaiiieiaeieo eaoaai??e aecenoaioe?aeueii? o?einio??.
Ooeath/e iiyniaiue iiaaoi?noaa A.Oaa/oea o ieai? i?iaeaiaoeee, ie
caa?ioee oaaao ia ?ice?eooy niaoeeo?ee aecenoaioe?aeueiiai oeio
o?einiooaaiiy o eiai oai?ao ye nai???aeiiai caniao ?ioaeaeooae?caoe??
oaenoo ? a?aeoai?aiiy eiai iaioaeueii? coiiaeaiino? ia a?oio?
a?o/eciyii? e?oa?aoo?e i?ney oaa/aie?anueei? aeiae. Iniaeeaei aeoeaioii
iiooe?a aoa aiae?c i?ice A.Oaa/oea ye i?iaeiaaeaiiy o?einionueeeo
o?aaeeoe?e A.Neiai?iaee.

2.1. Aecenoaioe?aeueia o?einio?y ? ?? ae?ac a oe?a?inuee?e e?oa?aoo??.

Ei?ioei aiae?co?oueny ca?iaeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie aecenoaioe?aeueii?
o?einio?? oa ?? aieea ia oe?a?inueeo e?oa?aoo?o. A oe?a?inuee?e
o?einionueei-e?oa?aoo?i?e aeoioe? aio?iiieia?ci ocya na?e ii/aoie a?ae
iiaeyae?a A.Neiai?iaee (,,eiioeaioe?y uanoy”). Aecenoaioe?aeuei? ?aea?
iicia/eeeny ia oai?ao O.Oaa/aiea, ?.O?aiea, Ean? Oe?a?iee, I.Eoe?oa,
A.I?aeiiaeeueiiai, I.Oaeeueiaiai, I.?a/aiea oa ?i. Iioeae
aecenoaioe?ae?cio oa aano?aeo iiaeia ciaeoe oaeiae o iecoe? oai??a
no/anieo oe?a?inueeeo ienueiaiiee?a, o oiio /ene? A.Eiiae?aothea,
I.Inaae/iai, o e??eoe? iiao?a-aeeneaeaio?a – A.Noona, ?.Na?oee/iiai,
?.Eaeeioey. Iioeae oe? i?eoaiaii? e iia?noyi oa ?iiaiai A.Oaa/oea.
Ia?aiee iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aa aiae?c i?ice A.Oaa/oea ca?aeii
c i?ia?aeieie iinooeaoaie aecenoaioe?aeueii? o?einio?? (ethaenueea
iaeeieoey – oeaio? aoooy; ,,?nioaaiiy ia?aaeo? nooiino?”; aano?aei?noue,
a?ae/oaeai?noue, naiioa – iniiai? eaoaai???-aecenoaioe?aee;
,,aaoaioe/i?noue o i?ioeeaaei?noue iaue?ino?”; naiaiaea aeai?o ? aea??
naiaiaee; ai?ioueaa ? aoio – ?aaeoe?y ia aano?ae; noa’?eoeai?noue
?noeie).

2.2. Ethaeeiiciaa/ee aniaeo i?ice A.Oaa/oea. On? aecenoaioe?ae?nonuee?
aeieo?eie ?aeia? ia?aeiiaiiy, ui aeo?aeiei ioieoii aoaeue-yeiai ciaiiy ?
aiae?c eiie?aoiiai ?nioaaiiy ethaenueei? iaeeieoe?. Oaca i?i oa, ui
?noioiei o ethaeei? ? ?? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, aeecueea ? iaioaeueiei
canaaeai aecenoaioe?eiiai oeio o?einiooaaiiy a Oe?a?i?, ui iia’ycaia, ia
aeoieo E.Ii?ic, c aoe/ieie canaaeaie iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, c oei,
ui Ae.*eaeaanueeee iaceaaa ,,ieth?ae?noe/iith aoeeith”, oiaoi aeciaiiy
aaee/acii? aoe/ii? oe?iiino? ca ?iaeea?aeooiii. Aiae?c eiie?aoiiai
?nioaaiiy ethaenueei? iaeeieoe? i?i/eoo?oueny ye eaeoiioea a?eueoino?
oai??a A.Oaa/oea. O eiaeiiio c oeeo aeiaaee?a – ,,ethaeeia
aecenoaioe?eiiai na?oo”. Aiaeii/an aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaenoino?
ienueiaiiee cae?enith? o o?niiio aca?iica’yceo c ciai?oi?ie ianoaaeiaie
(nioe?aeueieie aca?ieiaie), ye? ni?aaeythoue cia/iee aieea ia aioo??oi?
aeeooy iniaenoino?. O oeueiio ioieo? c’yniao?oueny oaeiae i?iaeaia
,,anioe?aeueiino?” Oaa/oeiaeo ia?niiaae?a, yeeo iiae?aii aei aa?i?a
oai??a aecenoaioe?ae?no?a iaiaeii?aciai caeioaa/oaaee o ,,a?ae?a/aii?
a?ae noni?eueiiai oea”. Iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei a?aeiiae ienueiaiieea
a?ae onacaaeiaieaieo ,,?iaeaaiuieeo aa?i?a” /e caaaeaee aeoeaieo
,,aa?i?a c iaaiaoeciii iniaenoino?” iiaeia aaaaeaoe i?aneia
nioe?aeueiiai caiiaeaiiy, i?ioe yeiai a?i iaiioeoii noiya o 60–70-o
?ieao, a oaeiae caoe?eaaeaiiy ,,ethaeeiith na?aae oeaeiy”, yeo
iine?aeiaii cia?aaeo? a?i o nai?o oai?ao.

2.3. Iioeae oeyoo ? iaiae??aieea – ia?aci? iaoaoi?e aioo??oi?o ooeaiue
ethaeeie. I?ia?aeia ?aeay aecenoaioe?aeueii? o?einio?? iieyaa? o
ae??ciaii? a noa?? ethaenueeiai aoooy aeaio niinia?a aoooy (iiaeon?a):
?nioaaiiy ? nooiino?. C oeei iia’ycaiee iinooeao ,,?nioaaiiy ia?aaeo?
nooiino?”. O oeaio?? caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeae? na?oo A.Oaa/oea –
ia?ac oeyoo ? iaiae??aieea (,,aeoaeiiai neia”) ia iueiio. Oea
neiiaeainiaaia iaoaoi?a aioo??oi?o ooeaiue ethaeeiith nai?? iaae?, nai?o
iiaeeeainoae, ca?aeii c aecenoaioe?ae?ciii – nai?? nooiino?, aei yei?
ethaeeia i?aaia, aeieath/e aocueeiooee?oa?iee na?o niiaeeaaoeoaa ?
ieoeiai aeeaio?iiy.

2.4. I?iaeaia aano?aeiiai na?oo e aano?aeii? ethaeeie. O ni?eeiaii?
aecenoaioe?ae?no?a na?o – oea oain, aano?ae. I?iaeaia aano?aeiiai na?oo
e aano?aeii? ethaeeie, yea ii/oaa? naaa naiioiueith, a?ae/oaeaiith,
,,caeeiooith”, ciaoiaeeoue aeeaiea e iaiaeiicia/ia oeoia/aiiy o oai?ao
A.Oaa/oea. Eiai aa?i?, a?ae/oaath/e aano?aei?noue aoooy, i?ciath/e anth
aeeaeio ?ic??aaiino? ethaenueeeo ca’yce?a, ana ae ia caciathoue
a?ae/oaeaiiy oioaeueiiai, ooeath/e ia??aeei ,,aaniethoieo aa?oinoae”.
Aiie ia oe?eeiaeoi aeeo/ai? c on?o nenoai ?ioaa?oaaiiy aai ae ?iaeyoue
ni?iao oaei? ?ioaa?aoe??.

2.5. Ai?ioueaa ca ,,aaoaioe/io ethaeeio”. Aeoiaaiee ia canaaeao
neiai?iaeei?anueei? eiioeaioe?? nii??aeiaiino? i?aoe? e aeoo? A.Oaa/oe
aeyaey? o nai?o oai?ao iino?eiee ?ioa?an aei aecenoaioe?aeueiiai
iinooeaoo ,,aaoaioe/iino? o i?ioeeaaei?noue iaue?ino?”. Oai?e
ienueiaiieea aeathoue aaaaoi i?eeeaae?a ,,iani?aaaeiueiai aoooy”,
??ciiaeaeii yeiai iiaeooue aooe nioe?aeueia e iaoe?iiaeueia
i?enoinoaainoai, ,,?i?oaoe?y uanoy” oa ?i. A?aeoae A.Oaa/oe aeaiaeeoue
aeaa oeie ia?niiaae?a: ,,iaeaaoae?a” (i?enoinoaaioe?a) ?
ethiiai-?ioae?aaio?a (ethaeae, ye? ,,aeeaooue /anii”). Neea iiioey?iino?
A.Oaa/oea iieyaa? ia eeoa a oiio, ui iinooeao ,,/aniino? c niaith”
ai?ei ao?eea a?i o aeeooy aa?i?a nai?o oai??a, aea oaeiae ? a oiio, ui,
ye ? a eiai aeooiaiiai o/eoaey A.Neiai?iaee, ? o iueiai iiaia
ocaiaeaeai?noue i?ae oai?/eie ?aeayie e iniaenoei aeeooyi.
I?aeoaa?aeaeo? oea iia/aiea ienueiaiieea i?ae 1969 ? 1979 ?ieaie –
iane?aeie a?aeiiae a?ae aoaeue-yeeo eiii?ii?n?a, ? a ?acoeueoao? –
aeanyoee?oiy io?oe?eia iaeanea.

2.6. Naiaiaea aeai?o ? aea?? naiaiaee. C aecenoaioe?ae?nonueeiai
iiaeyaeo nooi?noue ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy ae?aaea? naiaiaea. A.Oaa/oe,
iiae?aii ye A.Neiai?iaea /e aecenoaioe?ae?noe, aaaaea?, ui naiaiaea
ei??ieoueny o aeeaeiao ethaenueeiai ?noaa ?, ?acii c oei, iiiyooy oea
?icaeyaea? ia nooi aecenoaioe?aeueiiio a?oio?, iacaeaaeii a?ae aniaeo?a
iaoe?iiaeueieo /e nioe?aeueieo. Aiaeii/an ienueiaiiee iine?aeiaii
cia?aaeo? o nai?o oai?ao iioeae eieii?aeueii? caeaaeiino? (ianaiaiaee)
Oe?a?ie, i?e/iio ia i?yiei, a acii?anueeei oaenoii. Ioaea, niaoeeo?ea
aecenoaioe?aeueiiai o?einiooaaiiy A.Oaa/oea ? aiaeii/an iaoe?iiaeueiith
niaoeeo?eith, ? oea iaeia c ?noioieo a?aei?iiinoae eiai i?ice a?ae
e?oa?aoo?ieo oai??a cao?aeieo aecenoaioe?ae?no?a.

2.7. Ai?ioueaa ? aoio – ?aaeoe?y ia aano?ae. Ca?aeii c
aecenoaioe?ae?noaie, ?aaeoe??th ia aano?ae ?nioaaiiy iiaeii? aooe
ai?ioueaa ? aoio. Eaithn?anueea ,,anoaoeea aoioo” iaae?a? o A.Oaa/oea
o?ioe ?ioiai aei??o. Oi ?aaeoa ,,anoaoeea ciaaaiiy” (E.Oa?iaoeinueea)
aai ,,oeoa i?ioenoiyiiy” (?.Ei?iaiaenueeee), oiaoi iianyeaeaiia
ai?ioueaa c ona?ic’?aeath/ei aoaeiai, yeo aaaea a?i a?ae ia?oeo nai?o
oai??a. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui ienueiaiiee ia noai?th? aino?eo, eiioe?eoieo
neooaoe?e, aeoo a?aee?eoiai ciaaaiiy a?aenooi?e a eiai oai?ao. ?acii c
oei oai?eoue a?i ia eaithn?anueeo ,,aoio?aeeao ethaeeio”, a ,,ethaeeio
ianei?aio”, eiioeaioe?th yei? aenoioa o XV??? no. A.Neiai?iaea.

Ia aeoieo aecenoaioe?ae?no?a, ethaeeia iino?eii ia?aaoaa? a ,,iaaeia?e
neooaoe??” ia?aae iaee//yi nia?o?. O iia?noyo oa ?iiaiao A.Oaa/oea
oaeiae ciaoiaeeii /eiaei e?eciaeo nthaeao?a, eiee aanue ieei ?nioaaiiy
i?ioiaeeoue e??cue ,,iaaeiao neooaoe?th”. Iaeiae iii?e aanue aano?ae
aeeooy, ia iiaeaii oaa?aeeoe, ui naia nia?oue ? iaeaeuith iaoith
Oaa/oeiaeo aa?i?a.

Oaeaeoa – oea aeinyaiaiiy aa?iii?? c iaaeieeoi?i na?oii ? iaeia?o – ?c
naiei niaith. Eiai aa?i? iaiaaathoueny inyaiooe na?e oeyo, on? aiie –
,,o a?/iiio ciaaaii? ca ?noeio”. Neiai?iaeei?anuee? ?aea?
o?ainoi?iothoueny o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea, aeoai?thth/e nai???aeiee ,,caeii
i??ai?aee”. Caeii, yeee, iacaaaeath/e ia cacaeaeaa?aeue ia?aaeaa/oaaio
ii?aceo, ana ae iaiiaith? ethaenueea aeeooy iiaei ci?noii. Oeae oaeo
?iaeoue eiai i?ico aeioe/iith aei oae caaiiai ,,iiceoeaiiai
aecenoaioe?ae?cio” I.Aaaai’yii, yeee aeiiiaith? eaoaai??eiee neeaae
o?einio?? ,,iioei?noe/ieie” aecenoaioe?aeaie a??e, iaae??, ethaia?. O
oeueiio aniaeo? iiaeia ca/eneeoe A.Oaa/oea aei eiai?oe ,,o?aa?/ieo
iioei?no?a”.

2.8. Noa’?eoeai?noue ?noeie. Ca?aeii c aecenoaioe?ae?noaie, iaia?
iaei??? ?noeie, ?noeiith ? noa’?eoeai?noue. Oaeei /eiii, i?aaaee
aeinyaa?oueny ia oeyoii ae?aeaeoe/iiai /e aeeneo?neaiiai aiae?co, aea
caaeeaethth/enue o naiiai naaa, aeine?aeaeoth/e no?oeoo?o aeanieo
ia?aaeeoo?a. Neeaaei?noue iiooeo ?noeie ethaeeiith iino?eii oe?eaaeoue
oaae A.Oaa/oea. Ineoieia?ci eiai i?ice aeeeth/a? eiio?anoia
?iciaaeoaaiiy ,,a?aoi?-?noeie”, ,,aeia?a-cea”. Oiio o aaaaoueio eiai
oai?ao a?ae/ooiee anoaoe/iee aeoae?ci, aeeaeoeci (,,iaia? aa?iiai aac
a?eaeeiai” oiui), iayai? aeaiaioe ia?aaeienaeueiiai ieneaiiy, ui a
e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? i?eaiaeeoue aei ,,i?inoi? ?noeie”.

O iaaeao aeuaaeacaieo i?iaeaiieo e?i?e ie?aiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaaee
aeaiaioe iiaoeee, nii??aeiaii? c ienueiii o?aioeocueeeo
aecenoaioe?ae?no?a. Oea aiaeii/an nai???aei? oi?ie i?eaianaiiy
o?einio?/iino? o oaeno, iane/aiiy eiai ?ioaeaeooaeueiei aeaiaioii. Oae,
o a?eueoino? oai??a A.Oaa/oea canoiniao?oueny i?eioeei i?aai?caoe??
oaenoo, yeee ni?e/eith? iaaio o?aaiaioa?i?noue iiia?ae?, ui iaaaaeo?
iiaeaeoaee iiioaaeiee c??c – ooaeiaei?e i?eeii, oa?aeoa?iee aeey
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ienueia aecenoaioe?ae?no?a. Aeaiaioe iiioaaeo
aeiiiiaaathoue A.Oaa/oeia? noai?thaaoe iaaecae/aeii c?eio,
e?iaiaoia?ao?/io i?ico. Caaeey e?aneaiiy oea aano?aeo ienueiaiiee aaeaei
aeei?enoiao? oae? ooaeiaei? caniae, ye o?ace oeio: Iai? oea aaeaeoaea,
iaia oea ia iaoiaeeoue, iai? iaeiaeiai; nth??aae?noe/iee ia?ac iaoaeeea
oa eiai aa??aoe??: iaoe?, iooe, eiia?a; aeiiaith? aeeooy aa?i?a
a?ae/oooyi ioaeioe, ooae, no?aoo, aeeoaiiyi nia?o? oiui. Noee?noeea eiai
oai??a, iiae?aii aei e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aoeue aecenoaioe?ae?no?a ? caaaeii
?ioaeaeooaeueii? i?ice, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iiaeaethaaiiyi, oiaoi
ienueiaiiee eiino?oth? ?yae neooaoe?e ? iaoyea? ia iiaeeea? aa??aioe ?o
ioe?ithaaiiy. Caeaa?eueoiai oea iia?no?-aeeneon??, oai?e aeeaiei
eiioeaiooaeuei? c o?einionueei-?ioaeaeooaeueiei i?aea?oioyi. Aeaiaioe
ia?aaeienaeueiiai ieneaiiy o i?ic? A.Oaa/oea, ?? aioeoaci?noue
ni?e/eieee oa, ui oai?e ienueiaiieea i?eioeeiiai neeaaei?, ?ieiee aae
iaaeoi iaaeoiai?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui o
i?ioenoiyii? aano?aeiiio na?oia? A.Oaa/oe ooeaa iii?e a
aecenoaioe?ae?ci?. Nooae?thaaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie aeiaiaeeoue:
aecenoaioe?aeueii-o?einionuee? ieoaiiy ? ?ioo?oeaii-aieiaieie aeey
ienueiaiieea. ? i?aenoaae oaa?aeeoe, ui o eiai oai?ao aeei?enoiaothoueny
iioeae aecenoaioe?ae?cio oa aano?aeo, ? oeae oaeo ?iaeoue ?o aeioe/ieie
aei e?oa?aoo?ieo i?aoeue aecenoaioe?ae?no?a (cie?aia A.Eaith ?
AE.-I.Na?oa). Aiaeii/an aeey ienueiaiieea oa?aeoa?ia na?oia?ae/oooy,
yea, oi/ caei??iaia a aecenoaioe?ae?ci?, a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iueiai
oei, ui iana aeeoo?noaa?aeaeoth/a ia/aei. O i?aenoieo oea icia/a?, ui
A.Oaa/oe caaaa/o? iiaeyaee aecenoaioe?ae?no?a neiai?iaeei?anueeith
o?einio??th, yea ? iin??i oe?a?inueeiai iaioae?oaoo. O oe?eiio, iioeae
aecenoaioe?ae?cio oa aano?aeo o oai?ao A.Oaa/oea aeyaeeenue aeia?aeieie
aeey a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy a?ae/oaeaiino? ,,caaoaeaii? oe?a?inueei? ethaeeie”
(I.Oeaieaae/). Aiaeii/an oea aaaaoicia/ia ?ioaeaeooaeueia i?ica, iniiai?
?aea? yei? iaaoaathoue oi?aa?naeueiiai, caaaeueiiethaenueeiai aei??o.

O AENIIAEAO ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aee?aneaii, ui oai?e A.Oaa/oea – aacia?a/ii iiaee,
iaaecae/aeii i?ea?iaeueiee e?ie o ?icaeoeo no/anii? oe?a?inueei?
?iiai?noeee. Ienueiaiiee, yeee ai?ei aeei?enoiao? aeaiaioe iiaoeee
,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaio ? aiaeii/an na?oiaeyaeii oyae?? aei
aecenoaioe?ae?cio, — iaeei c iaeoaeaiiaeo?oeo oe?a?inueeeo oai?oe?a
no/anii? i?ice. Oai?e A.Oaa/oea, iicia/ai? ni?eeaei iiaaoi?noaii,
aenia?eiaioii, i?iaeiaaeothoue o?aaeeoe?? oe?a?inueei? eeane/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e, yea naith iiaoeeo aacoaaea ia oaac? aei ethaeeie, ni?a/ooo?
aei ia?. Naia o aeaaaeai?e ae?aeaeoeoe? niaaeei?iiino? ? iiaaoi?noaa –
i?ea?iaeuei?noue iinoao? A.Oaa/oea ? eiai iaea?eueoee ?ioaeaeooaeueiee
caeiaooie. Aiae?c ooaeiaeiueiai aei?iaeo ienueiaiieea niiioeo? aei
iiaeaeueoeo ?icaeoi?a i?i caeiaooee a oea?ei? iiaoeee e i?iaeaiaoeee
no/anii? e?oa?aoo?e. I?ea?iaeueia oai?/?noue aeaeaoiiai i?ica?ea /aea?
nai?o iioe?iiaoaa/?a ? iiioey?ecaoi??a ia eeoa a Oe?a?i?, aea e iica ??
iaaeaie – ?acthio?oueny o aeniiaeao.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? AEEEAAeAII O OAEEO IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

Oai?e Aaea??y Oaa/oea ye ??ciiaeae ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice. – Euea?a: EAeO
?iai? ?aaia O?aiea; Eaiaiy?, 1999.– 36 n.

,,Ae?oaee ieai” ?iciia?ae? ? eiai aeaea?aea o i?ic? Aaea??y Oaa/oea. –
Euea?a: EAeO ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea; Eaiaiy?, 1999.– 20 n.

Ai?ioueaa ca “aaoaioe/io ethaeeio (i?ica Aaea??y Oaa/oea ye
a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy aecenoaioe?ae?cio). – Euea?a: EAeO ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea;
Eaiaiy?, 1999.– 48 n.

Aeooiaiee na?o aa?i?a ?noi?e/iiai ?iiaio Aaea??y Oaa/oea ,,Ia iie?
nie?aiiiio” // Slavica stetinensia. Zeszyty Naukowe.– Szczecin:
Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego, 1996.– ?5.– S. 113–124;

O?einionuee? aeoiee A?eai??y Neiai?iaee o iia?noyo oa ?iiaiao Aaea??y
Oaa/oea // Slavica stetinensia. Zeszyty Naukowe.– Szczecin: Wydawnictwo
Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego, 1998.– ? 6.– S. 123–130;

AEeoo?aee ,,caeii i??ai?aee” o oai?ao Aaea??y Oaa/oea // Slavica
stetinansia. Zeszyty Naukowe.– Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe
Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego, 1998.– ? 7.– S. 43–59;

Iioeae aecenoaioe?ae?cio ? aano?aeo o oai?ao Aaea??y Oaa/oea //
Materia?y z Miedzynarodowej Konferencji Naukowej S?owo. Tekst. Czas.–
Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego, 1996.– S.
29–33;

Aeaiaioe ,,oeia?ii?” i?ice a ?iiai? Aaea??y Oaa/oea ,,Ae?i ia ai??” //
Materia?y z Miedzynarodowej Konferencji Naukowej S?owo. Tekst.
Czas.-Szczecin: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecinskiego, 1997.–
S.70–76;

Oiiai?noue a ?noi?e/i?e i?ic? Aaea??y Oaa/oea // Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii?
neaa?noe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iai’yo? Einoyioeia O?ioeiiae/a: O 2 o.–
Euea?a: E?oiien, 1998.– O. 2.– N. 92–96.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ai?iyoei-Ooieeiae/ A.E. ?ioaeaeooae?ci i?ice Aaea??y Oaa/oea.
Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.01 – oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. – Euea?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, Euea?a, 1999. – ?oeiien.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny niaoeeo?ea ?ioaeaeooae?cio i?ice
A.Oaa/oea o aeaio aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo aniaeoao:

a) oeiieia?/ii? nii??aeiaiino? iiaoeee oai??a A.Oaa/oea c iiaoeeith
,,oeia?iiai ?iiaio;

a) aieeao iieiaeaiue aecenoaioe?ae?cio ia i?iaeaiaoeeo i?ice
ienueiaiieea.

Oaea nenoaiaoecaoe?y aea? ciiao aeeaoa i?inoaaeeoe eiie?aoi? ?ene
iiaaoi?noaa i?ice A.Oaa/oea, inieneeoe ?? o?einionueei-?ioaeaeooaeueio
eiioeaioe?th. O ?iaio? aia?oa c?iaeaii ni?iao eiiieaeniiai
e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co i?iciaiai aei?iaeo A.Oaa/oea. Nooe?euei?
aiae?oe/ii-ocaaaeueithth/? nooae?? iaae ?ioaeaeooaeueiith i?icith
A.Oaa/oea aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aaanoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oai?/?
aeinyaiaiiy ienueiaiieea a eiioaeno e?oa?aoo?iciaa/eo oyaeaiue i?i
no/aniee oe?a?inueeee ?iiai.

EETH*IA? NEIAA: ?ioaeaeooae?ci, ,,oeia?i?noue”, ooaeiaeiy oiiai?noue,
iiaoeea, aecenoaioe?ae?ci, aecenoaioe?aeueia i?iaeaiaoeea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ai?iyoei-Ooieeiae/ A.E. Eioaeeaeooaeeci i?icu Aaea?ey Oaa/oea.
Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.01 – oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. – Eueaianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999. –
?oeiienue.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony niaoeeoeea eioaeeaeooaeecia i?icu
A.Oaa/oea a aeaoo acaeiiiaoneiaeaiiuo aniaeoao:

a) oeiieiae/aneiai noiaenoaa iiyoeee i?iecaaaeaiee A.Oaa/oea n iiyoeeie
,,oeia?iiai”?iiaia;

a) aeeyiey iieiaeaiee yecenoaioeeaeecia ia i?iaeaiaoeeo i?icu ienaoaey.

Oaeay nenoaiaoecaoeey aea?o aiciiaeiinoue aeoaaea i?ineaaeeoue
eiie?aoiua /a?ou iiaaoi?noaa i?icu A.Oaa/oea, iniuneeoue a?
oeeinionei-eioaeeaeooaeueioth eiioeaioeeth. A ?aaioa aia?aua
i?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea eiiieaeniiai eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneiai aiaeeca
i?icae/aneiai ianeaaeey A.Oaa/oea. Nieioiia aiaeeoeei-iaiauathuaa
eco/aiea eioaeeaeooaeueiie i?icu A.Oaa/oea aea?o aiciiaeiinoue aaanoe
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua oai?/aneea aeinoeaeaiey ienaoaey a eiioaeno
eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo i?aaenoaaeaiee i nia?aiaiiii oe?aeineii ?iiaia.

Iaeiei ec oeaio?aeueiuo aii?inia iiyoeee ,,oeia?iie” i?icu yaeyaony
oneiaiinoue. Aiaeec oneiaiuo i?e?iia, oa?aeoa?iuo aeey ienaoaeueneie
iaia?u A.Oaa/oea, naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi aai i?ica auyaeyao
iaeioi?ua noiaenoaa n iiyoeeie ,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaia. I?aaeaea anaai, yoi
i?iecaaaeaiey y?ei oneiaiiai oieea, a eioi?uo oneiaiinoue – iaeia ec
aaaeiaeouo iniaaiiinoae. A? yeaiaiou acaeiiia?aieaoathony ia o?iaiyo:
eiioeaiooaeueiii, oa?aeoa?ieiae/aneii, neooaoeeiiiii,
iiaanoaiaaoaeueiii. I?eaaaeaiiay eeanneoeeaoeey oeiia oneiaiinoe
cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/eea eiie?aoioth oa?aeoa?enoeeo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo
i?e?iia oeiecaoeee a i?ica A.Oaa/oea. Aiaeec i?iecaaaeaiee ienaoaey
iieacuaaao, /oi a ieo ioaa?aathony iaeioi?ua ao?eaoou ,,oeia?iinoe”
(yeaiaiou ia?iaeiie niaoiaie eoeueoo?u) e eniieuecothony eiua (aianoi
oeia?iie oiiaeueiinoe ,,yeaae/aneay ia/oaoaeueiinoue ?aiiae inaie”), /oi
nicaea?o naiaia?acioth ynoaoe/aneoth aeeneonneth n yoei
yenia?eiaioaeueiui iai?aaeaieai. Iaeuecy ia caiaoeoue niaoeeoe/aneie
?iee ,,oeia?iinoe” a ?iiaiao e iiaanoyo A.Oaa/oea. Oai?/aneoth
i?eaioaoeeth ia oieueeei?iua o?aaeeoeee, eniieueciaaiea oneiaiuo i?e?iia
ienaoaeue oiio?aaeyao ia eae n?aaenoai ,,yecioecaoeee” oaenoa, n
oeaeueth ii?aceoue, caaaaeoue /eoaoaey. ,,Oeia?iinoue” o A.Oaa/oea –
yoi, nei?aa, i?e?i ineoiaiaeeca, iiciaiey /aeiaaea, iaoaoeceee aai
aeooe. Ianiio?y ia iaeioi?ua oeiieiae/aneea noiaenoaa n iiyoeeie
,,oeia?iiai” ?iiaia, ynoaoe/aneea ooieoeee Oaa/oeiaie i?icu ae?oaea.
I?e?iu oeia?iinoe iiyaeythony a aai i?iecaaaeaieyo, ii n niaa?oaiii
eiuie ooieoeeyie, ia ?acaeaeaoaeueiuie, a na?ue?ciuie, iuneeoaeueiuie.

?anniao?eaay iiaaoi?noai A.Oaa/oea a ieaia i?iaeaiaoeee, iiaeii
caiaoeoue oaiaeaioeeth e ?ane?uoeth niaoeeoeee yecenoaioeeaeueiiai oeia
oeeinionoaiaaiey a i?iecaaaeaieyo ienaoaey eae naiaia?aciiai i?e?ia
eioaeeaeooaeecaoeee oaenoa e aini?iecaaaeaiea aai iaoeeiiaeueiie
iaoneiaeaiiinoe ia ii/aa ioa/anoaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u iinea oaa/aieianeie
yiioe. Aaaeiui aeoeaioii enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony aiaeec i?icu A.Oaa/oea
eae i?iaeieaeaiey oeeinioneeo o?aaeeoeee A.Neiai?iaeu. Eco/aiea yoie
i?iaeaiu aeieacaei, /oi yecenoaioeeaeueii-oeeinioneea aii?inu yaeythony
eiooeoeaii-iniiaiuie aeey ienaoaey. Eca?aiiia iai?aaeaiea enneaaeiaaiey
i?aaeoniao?eaaei aiaeec i?icu A.Oaa/oea a niioaaonoaee n
iniiaiiieaaathueie iinooeaoaie yecenoaioeeaeueiie oeeinioee
(/aeiaa/aneay aaeeieoea – oeaio? auoey; ,,nouanoaiaaiea ii?aaeoanoaoao
nouiinoe”; aano?aeiinoue, io/oaeaeaiea, iaeeii/anoai – aeaaiua
eaoaai?ee-yecenoaioeeaeu; ,,aooaioe/iinoue a i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue
iaaooaioe/iinoe”; naiaiaea auai?a e auai? naiaiaeu; ai?ueaa e aoio –
?aaeoeey ia aano?ae; noauaeoeaiinoue enoeiu). A i?aaeaeao auoaiacaaiiuo
i?iaeaiiuo eeiee ioaeaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey o?aaiaaee yeaiaiou iiyoeee,
noiaeiie n iaia?ie eceiaeaiey o?aioeocneeo yecenoaioeeaeenoia, a oaeaea
oi?ie i?eaianaiey oeeinioe/iinoe a ni/eiaiea, ianuuaiea aai
eioaeeaeooaeueiui yeaiaioii.

Ie?iaicc?aiea ienaoaey oa?aeoa?ecoaony oai, /oi, iniiauaaynue ia
iieiaeaieyo yecenoaioeeaeecia, iii ioee/aaony io iaai, oae eae ian?o
aeeciaooaa?aeaeathuaa ia/aei (,,caeii ie?aieaeu”). A nayce n yoei i?ica
A.Oaa/oea eiaao i?yiia ioiioaiea e ynoaoe/aneie i?ia?aiia oae
iacuaaaiiai iieiaeeoaeueiiai yecenoaioeeaeecia I.Aaaaiuyii, eioi?ue
aeiiieiyao eaoaai?eaeueiue ninoaa oeeinioee iioeienoe/aneeie
yecenoaioeeaeaie aa?u, iaaeaaeaeu, ethaiae; a yoii aniaeoa iiaeii
ca/eneeoue A.Oaa/oea e i?aaenoaaeoaeyi ,,o?aae/aneeo iioeienoia”.

Oai?/aneee o?oae A.Oaa/oea yaeyaony noeioeii aeey aeaeueiaeoeo
?aciuoeaiee i aeinoeaeaieyo e i?iaeaiao iiyoeee e i?iaeaiaoeee
nia?aiaiiie oe?aeineie eeoa?aoo?u.

EETH*AA(A NEIAA: eioaeeaeooaeeci, oeia?iinoue, ooaeiaeanoaaiiay
oneiaiinoue, iiyoeea, yecenoaioeeaeeci, yaecenoaioeeaeueiay
i?iaeaiaoeea.

Annotation

Horniatko-Szumilovicz, A. Intellectualism of Valery Shevchuk’s Prose.
Dissertation for masters degree in Philology; speciality 10.01.01 –
Ukrainian Literature. – Ivan Franko State University of Lviv, Lviv
1999.– Manuscript.

The dissertation is devoted to the study of the specificity V.Shevchuk’s
intellectual prose in two interdependent aspects:

typological connections V.Shevchuk’s works’ poetics with the poetics of
the “chimerical” novel;

existentialistic principles influence on the problematics of the
writer’s prose.

This systematization gives the possibility of a more profound study of
specific traits of innovation V.Shevchuk’s prose, just as understanding
for its philosophical and intellectual conception.

In the work for the first time an attempt has been made is a complex
literary analysis of Shevchuk’s output.

Comprehensive analytic and synthetic studies over V.Shevchuk’s
intellectual prose make it possible to introduce his individual creative
achievements into context of the literary criticism concept about the
contemporary Ukrainian novel.

KEY WORDS: intellectualism, ,,chimerical”, artistic conventionality,
poetics, existentialism, the problems of existentialism.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.02.99 ?. Oi?iao 60o90/16

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Niin?a ae?oeo — ??cia?ao?y,

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? 3.– N.67–75.

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Aeea.: Ii?ic E.Noi ??aiioe?iieo i?aaae. Ia?aaeiene ae?aiaoo?a??
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Aeea.: Oa?iaoeinueea E. Naiaiaea aeai?o – ?aeeia oi?ia naii?aae?caoe??
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