4

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AEIIII?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eaiioaiei Ieueaa Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 339.91

?IOAA?AOe?ss OE?A?IE O I?AEIA?IAeIEE ?EIIE I?AOe?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.05.01 – na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ?

i?aeia?iaei? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeaithe Aaneeue
Iaea?iae/, Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?aaiiaa Aeea
Ia?eai?aia, ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai ethaenueeiai ?icaeoeo ?
?icnaeaiiy

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Oii?a
Ieaenaiae? Oeyiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?inoeooo oe?a?inueei-?in?enueeeo
a?aeiinei i?e ?aae? iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee ? iai?iie Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii ?aa?iiaeueieo ca`yce?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo na?oiai? aeiiii?ee ? i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?aeia?iaeieo i?iaeai o?ainoi?iaoe??
aeiiii?/ieo nenoai ?in??

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «26 » eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 16
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.006.03
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252057, i. Ee?a, i?iniaeo Ia?aiiae 54/1,
aoae. .

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Ooen A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith no/aniiai aoaio ?icaeoeo
na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa noaei no??iea iioe?aiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eieo
i?ioean?a, ye? aeeoee ca iaae? nooi aeiiii?/ii? aca?iiae?? ? ioiieee
aaeocue nioe?aeueieo, o?oaeiaeo oa eoeueoo?ieo a?aeiinei i?ae e?a?iaie.

Ii?yae c o?aaeeoe?eieie ?eieaie oiaa??a, eai?oae?a, oaoiieia?e iaae?a?
neee iiaee niaoeeo?/iee ? iai?aeeia?iee oaiiiai ?icaeoeo na?oiaiai
ainiiaea?noaa – i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?. Eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiaaa?
noai?aiiy eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai iaoai?cio ia?a?iciiae?eo ?iai/i? neee i?ae
??cieie e?a?iaie oa ?aa?iiaie, ui ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ?ioaineo?eaoe?? iai?io ciaiiyie ?
aeina?aeii i?ae ia?iaeaie.

I?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? noa? iaeiei c ?ino?oiaio?a noaa?aeaeaiiy
i??i?eoaoiino? aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae o ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? ethaeeie,
iineeaiiy nioe?aeueii? i???ioaoe?? na?oiai? aeiiii?ee oa
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei. Caaaeyee i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo
i?aoe? a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?y aeiia aei oiia a?aeoai?aiiy
?iai/i? neee, aeeooy ? i?aoe? i?eueeii?a ethaeae o ??cieo ?aa?iiao
na?oo.

Iniiaia iaoa ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo i?aoe? iieyaa? o
noai?aii? ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy ia iniia?
caaeiaieaiiy iio?aa ethaeae o i?ioan?ei?e oa oai?/?e naii?aae?caoe??,
iie?auaiiy yeino? ina?oe, ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa i?aeaea?aeaaiiai
ni?eeoaaiiy.

Noaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie ye iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae c aeanieie ei?aeiiaie oa
a?eueiei iai?iii o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie aeiaaa? i?eioeeiiai iiaiai
?icoi?iiy ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, yea noa? iiooaeiei /eiieeii
?ioaa?aoe?? e?a?ie aei na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe?. No?oeoo?ia ia?aaoaeiaa
aeiiii?ee, eiiaa?n?y iai?iiiiai eiiieaeno, aaie?oonoai oa e?ea?aeaoe?y
?yaeo i?aei?e?inoa aeaeiaoaii? ? ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino?, ia`?eoeaia, a
?iiae? e ooo/ii aeeeeeaia coieiea ae?iaieoeoaa, i?ecaaee aei ?noioiiai
nei?i/aiiy noeoiiiai oiiaeo ?iai/iai /ano oa aea?eueiaiiy ??ciiiai?oii?
a ?aa?iiaeueii-aaeocaaiio oa ye?nii-i?ioan?eiiio ?ic??c? ?iai/i? neee.
Aiaeii/an aeao?oeeo aea?aeaaiiai oa a?eueoino? ?aa?iiaeueieo
athaeaeao?a, iacia/ia ii??aiyii c ?ioeie e?a?iaie /anoea i?eaaoieo
?iaanoeoe?e a Oe?a?io ia aeathoue ciiae ca ei?ioeee /an ? aac c?inoaiiy
nioe?aeueii? iai?oae o noni?euenoa? ia?ai?aeaiooaaoe oa ia?a?iciiae?eeoe
aaeee? ianyae a?o/eciyii? ?iai/i? neee. A oeueiio eiioaeno? ?aaoeueiaaia
o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y iaaeeeoeiai? ia aeaiee iiiaio ?iai/i? neee iiaeiia
noaoe aoaeoeaiei caniaii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie.

Ianooaai?noue oa ?ioaineai?noue ?icaeoeo i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io
?iai/ith neeith a Oe?a?i? iaoiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee, yea ia? noaoe iiaith noa?ith
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? o?yaeo e?a?ie ? noai?eoe iaeaaei?
oiiae aeey caaacia/aiiy oe?a?inueeei i?aoe?aieeai a?aeiiai noaiiaeua ia
i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo i?aoe?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? c Oe?a?ie oa o?oaeiai?
?ii?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?io, aecia/aiiy oeyo?a aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaii?
i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee noaaeoue ia?aae aeiiii?/iith iaoeith ieceo
neeaaeieo i?iaeai, ye? iio?aaothoue iaoeiaiai inieneaiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai
ae??oaiiy.

A 60-70 ?iee o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y ?icaeyaeaeanue, ye i?ioean ia?anoaaiiy
ianaeaiiy i?ae naeii oa i?noii, i?ae iaeeie i?noaie oa aaeeeeie, i?ae
??cieie ?aa?iiaie ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco. Ae?caee ia ?iaioo ca ei?aeii
aeicaieyeenue o?eueee a iaaeao e?a?i nioe?ae?noe/iiai oaai?o.
Aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?a?aoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ianaeaiiy a o? ?iee aeoeaii
caeiaeenue Aa?aiia ?.O., A???a A.Ae., Aaeaioae Ae.?., Eice??a TH.I.,
Ei?iae?i A.?., Ia?aaaaeaioeaa A.?., ?eaaeianueeee E.E., Oii?a I.O.,
Oi?ueia A.N. oa ?io?.

Neooaoe?y nooo?ai iii?iyeanue iai?ee?ioe? 80-o ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a,
eiee a iane?aeie iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa
o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi ca ei?aeii noaea iaaoaaoe
cia/ieo ianooaa?a. Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ioae?eaoe?? a i?an? aoee
ci???ioiaai? ia?aaaaeii ia aeyaeaiiy caaaeueieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo
o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?. Cia/ii iaioa oaaae i?eae?eyeinue
oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/iiio aiae?co i?iaeai aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, aiae?co i?ioeano aaeaioaoe?? oa
iaoai?cio nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi ca ei?aeiiii,
noai?aiith aaeaeaaoii? ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a
i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie.

Iaaeinoaoi?e ??aaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai?
i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?, a?aenooi?noue /?oeiai oa aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
oi?aae?iiy, i?a?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee a noa?? i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie a oiiaao ?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee iaoiiaeee aea??
iai?yio aeine?aeaeaiiy oa oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie ? oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? o?nii iia’ycaia c iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny o Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ia
eaoaae?? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie ca oaiith “Oeyoe caaacia/aiiy
aoaeoeaii? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?”, iiia?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U007510, yea aeeth/aia aei Eii?aeeiaoe?eiiai ieaio
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeai caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ? ?eieo i?aoe?
Oe?a?ie ia 1996-2000 ?iee, caoaa?aeaeaiiai IAI Oe?a?ie ? I?ii?aoe?
Oe?a?ie a?ae 06.05.96 ?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
iiaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia ?icaeoeo i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io ?iai/ith
neeith oa noaiiaeaiiy na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe? ? ?ic?iaea ia oe?e iniia?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aei i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo
i?aoe?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoei iaiao?aeii iinoaaeoe oa ?ica’ycaoe ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

1) ?ice?eoe nooi?noue, i?e/eie, oaeoi?e oa iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
i?aeaea?aeaaieo ia?anoaaiue ?iai/i? neee a na?o?;

2) ?icaeyiooe ?icaeoie o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo?;

3) aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?
oa ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe?;

4) i?iaiae?coaaoe i?ioeane noai?aiiy ?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueii? ?iai/i? neee ia
i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo i?aoe?;

5) aea/eoe noai iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?, ??aaiue aeeooy ianaeaiiy
oa ?o aieea ia ?icaeoie ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?;

6) aeine?aeeoe ?icaeoie i?ioean?a o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? c Oe?a?ie oa
o?oaeiai? ?ii?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?io;

7) aecia/eoe iiaeeea? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee ciai?oiuei?
o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? aeey Oe?a?ie;

8) noi?ioethaaoe oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?iiiceoe?? oa i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee aeiiii?/i?, iie?oe/i?,
i?aaia? a?aeiineie, ui aeieeathoue c i?eaiaeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo i?aoe? ?, cie?aia, i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy — a?o/eciyiee ?eiie i?aoe?, ai?a?aoe?ei? oa
?ii?a?aoe?ei? iioiee ?iai/i? neee, ai?a?aoe?eia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith
i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia’?eoeai? aeiiii?/i? caeiie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, a?o/eciyi? oa
ca?oa?aei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a noa?? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, oeace I?aceaeaioa
Oe?a?ie, caeiie Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, iinoaiiae oa aeae?aoe Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue o?oaeia? a?aeiineie; ?ino?oeoeai?
oa iaoiaee/i? iaoa??aee I?i?noa?noaa i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiiai oeaio?o caeiyoino?, ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe
I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?, I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe?? i?a?aoe??,
Na?oiaiai aaieo.

Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a
?noi?eei-eia?/iiai oa aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ieai aiae?co, aea??eiaiai
ianoaaeaiiy oa a?oioaaiiy, noaiaoe/iiai oa a?ao?/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, ui
iaea?aeai? aaoi?ii ? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, noinothoueny ?ic?iaee iiaeo
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo iieiaeaiue oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?. ?o
iaoeiaa iiaecia iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

1) ooi/iaia ?noi?eei-eia?/ia aoai?caoe?y ?icaeoeo o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a
na?o?, ?ice?eo? nooi?noue, iniiai? i?e/eie, caaaeuei? oaeoi?e oa
iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo no/aniiai aoaio i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io ?iai/ith
neeith;

2) aeaoae?ciaaii no?oeoo?o oa iai?yie o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? c Oe?a?ie oa
o?oaeiai? ?ii?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?io, i?iaiae?ciaai? iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai?
iane?aeee aieeao o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ia a?o/eciyiee ?eiie i?aoe?;

3) cai?iiiiiaai? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, uiaei
aaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai caaacia/aiiy ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?ie;

4) ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaiooaeueia noaia i?aai?caoe?eii-?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiai
iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy, aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o aeena?oaoe??, aeiaaaeai? aei ??aiy
iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie oa i?eeeaaeieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ? aeei?enoai? aeey:

1) i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? ai?a?aoe?eii?
iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?;

2) aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? Aea?aeaaiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueieo oeaio??a
caeiyoino?;

3) iiaeeaeaiiy oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaeieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano ia eaoaae?? oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo i?e aeeeaaeai? eo?n?a
iia’ycaieo c aea/aiiyi a?o/eciyiiai oa i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eie?a i?aoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??: “Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie:
i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, o?aaaiue 1997 ?.)
oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie
?ano?naie Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
oi?iaeiaae 1995–1998 ?ie?a.

Ioae?eaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaaii a?n?i noaoae, a yeeo a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, caaaeueiei ianyaii 2,55 ae?oe. a?e. (c yeeo
aaoi?o iniaenoi iaeaaeeoue 2,45 ae?oe. a?e.).

No?oeoo?a oa ianyae ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 140
iaeiaioaaiue ? aeeth/a? 28 oaaeeoeue, 15 ?enoie?a, 13 aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 173 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? caoeuathoueny iia? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia aaeineiiaeaiiy
aea?aeaaii? ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee c iaoith ni?eyiiy iiaeaeueo?e
?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aei i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo,
caaaeaiiy, ia`?eo oa i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iaoeiao iiaecio
oa i?aeoe/io cia/ei?noue iaea?aeaieo aaoi?ii ?acoeueoao?a.

?icae?e I. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeiiai
?eieo i?aoe?.

1. A aeiaaeueiiio aei??? i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? ?acii c ?ioeie
?eieaie — oiaa??a, eai?oae?a, ?ano?n?a, ?ioi?iaoe??, oaoiieia?e — ?
neeaaeiaith na?oiai? ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie. A?i oi?io?oueny ia iniia?
iiaeeaeaiiy anana?oiueiai iiae?eo i?aoe? oa iaoiiaeaiee ?nioaaiiyi
ia??aiino? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo i?ae e?a?iaie, ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe??th
ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?a?iciiae?eii o?iainiaeo eai?oae?a, i?a?aoe??th
o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a, noai?aiiyi ni?eueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? aiane?aeie
?aa?iiaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue aea?aeaa, aca?iiae??th i?ae na?oiaeie
i?aai?caoe?yie oa e?a?iaie a noa?? oi?o?eaoe?? aeiia aei ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy, oiia oa iieaoe i?aoe?, nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
i?aoe?aiee?a oiui.

A eiie?aoi?oiio ?icoi?ii? i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? yaey? niaith
noeoii?noue aeiiii?/ieo, iie?oe/ieo, i?aaiaeo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo,
iaoe?iiaeueieo a?aeiinei i?ae ie?aieie iieoioeyie oa i?iaeaaoeyie
?iai/i? neee. Eaeaoueny i?i ie?ai? e?a?ie, i?ae yeeie aaciina?aaeiuei
a?aeaoaa?oueny iiaiaeaeaiiy iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? ia ?iai/o neeo oeyoii
iai?io /anoeiith i?aoeacaeaoiiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo.

2. I?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
oiaa?ii-?a/iaeo ?eie?a, ine?eueee ia eiai ?icaeoie aieeaathoue
nioe?aeuei? oa nioe?aeueii–ineoieia?/i? oaeoi?e. Iaei ?iai/i? neee — oea
neeaaeiee i?ioean, yeee ? caaa?oaeueiei aoaiii ia aeiaaiio oeyoo
e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai aecia/aiiy iio?aae o ?iai/ee nee? c? noi?iie
?iaioiaeaaoey oa i?eeiyoo? ??oaiiy i?i i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ia iaaieo
oiiaao ? ca iaaio aeiaai?iaeo c? noi?iie eiie?aoiiai i?aoe?aieea. sse
i?aaeei, o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a iiieo ia caei?aeiiio ?iai/o neeo
ia?aaeaa/a? ?? cae?ai?noue aei o?ce/iiai ?ooo, ? ui iniaeeai aaaeeeai,
aei ia?aoeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ei?aeii?a.

3. Ioaea, aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo
i?aoe? ? i?aeaea?aeaaiee iai?i ?iai/ith neeith, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny a
oi?i? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??. I?aeia?iaeia o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y aenooia?
iaei??th c oi?i i?aeia?iaeieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, yaey? niaith
noeo?eiee aai i?aai?ciaaiee ?oo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?ae e?a?iaie,
?aaoeth? i?ioean ia?a?iciiae?eo o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a i?ae ??cieie eaieaie
na?oiaiai ainiiaea?noaa; iaoiiaeaia ??ciei ??aiai ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo
nee oa oa?aeoa?ii ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei ie?aieo e?a?i, i?aeia?iaeiei
iiae?eii i?aoe? oa iiooaeieie ?ioaa?aoe?eieie i?ioeanaie, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a na?o?.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith i?aenoaaith o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ?
iacaaeainiaai?noue i?ae iiieoii oa i?iiiceoe??th ?iai/i? neee ia
a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo ?eieao i?aoe?, aaaeaiiy /anoeie ianaeaiiy
iie?aueoe nai? oiiae i?aoe? oa iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua, ciaeoe aaeaeaaoi?
iiaeeeaino? i?ioan?eii? naii?aae?caoe??.

Iniiai? i?e/eie, caaaeuei? oaeoi?e oa iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo no/anii?
i?a?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee aeine?aeaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeai? noaiaoe/ii
ia ?enoieo 1.

?icoa?oaaiiy na?oiai? aeiiii?ee, iiaeeaeaiiy i?ioean?a iiae?eo i?aoe?,
iiyaa iiaeo a no?oeoo?ii-i?aai?caoe?eiiio aniaeo? ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue
(oeio OIE oa ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa), i?aeaeuaiiy ?ooeeaino? ?iai/i?
neee caaaeyee oaeaeeiio ?icaeoeo o?ainii?oo, cania?a eiioi?eaoe?? oa
?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? noai?eee ia’?eoeai? oiiae aeey iinooiiaiai
oi?ioaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe? ? ia ?o iniia? na?oiaiai ?eieo
i?aoe?. O i?aeia?iaeiiio i?inoi?? aeieeee ? i?iaeiaaeothoue ?icaeaaoenue
?aa?iiaeuei? iioiee ?iai/i? neee, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ooai?aiiy
?aa?iiaeueieo ?eie?a i?aoe?, iaea?eueo cia/ieie c yeeo ?:
cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeee, eaoeiiaia?eeainueeee aeecueeino?aeiee,
ac?aonueeee, oa ao?eeainueeee.

4. Aeey oi?ioaaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe? iio??ai?
iaai? noa?oia? oiiae, aei /enea yeeo a?aeiineoueny aenieee ??aaiue
i?aeaea?aeaaieo iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a. Iiaiioe?iiee
i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? iiaea oi?ioaaoenue o?eueee a oiiaao
aenieiaoaeoeaii? na?oiai? aeiiii?ee, yea ooieoe?iio? ia iniia? noai?aiiy
aeineiiaeeo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, ?icaeoeo ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?,
caaacia/aiiy aeniei? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? oa eiino?oeoeaiiai
ii?aeiaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo ?ioa?an?a ie?aieo e?a?i.

5. No/ania ?ioaa?aoe?y a noa?? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei i?ae e?a?iaie iiaeiia
ia?aaeaa/aoe aca?iia iaaeeaeaiiy aei oeea?e?ciaaieo oiia i?aoe?,
niinia?a iaeio oa ca?eueiaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a, iaoiae?a noeioethaaiiy oa
iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?, o?eaaeino? ?iai/iai aeiy oa oeaeiy, i?aaiaiai oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo o?oaeiaeo i?a?aio?a. A ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeaa
?ieue iiaeiia iaaeaaaoenue noai?aiith ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace a noa??
o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ia i?aeaea?aeaaiiio ??ai?. A ia?oo /a?ao oea
noino?oueny ?aoeo?eaoe?? oa aeeiiaiiy eiiaaioe?e ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e III,
ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ?aaoeththoue i?ioeane o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, a oaeiae
i?aeienaiiy aeai- oa aaaaoinoi?iii?o oaiae i?ae e?a?iaie. ?ic?iaea
i?aeia?iaeieo ii?i a noa?? o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei aeicaieeoue caeeceoe
iaoe?iiaeuei? ?eiee i?aoe?, ae?iaeoe ?aeei? aeiiae aei oiia iaeio,
i?aoe?, i?iaeeaaiiy, nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy, ioi?iie caei?ia’y
o?oaeiaeo i?a?aio?a; aecia/eoe noaoon, i?aaa, iaia’ycee oa caaaeuei?
aeiiae aei i?aoe?aiee?a-i?a?aio?a oa ?o ?iaioiaeaaoe?a. Aeciaiiy
aea?aeaaaie ni?eueieo ii?i ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??
aeiiiiiaea i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eiio?ieth, noai?eoe aa?’??e aeey
iaeaaaeueii? oa e?ei?iaeueii? i?a?aoe??, oieeiooe caaino?aiiy
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioe?eo?a. Na?oia? i?aai?caoe??, ? a ia?oo /a?ao III,
iiaeii? ni?eyoe ?ic?iaoe? oi?o?eiaaii? ii?iaoeaii-caeiiiaeaa/i? aace
?aaoethaaiiy i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io ?iai/ith neeith, yea iiaeiia
aacoaaoenue ia i?ia?aeiiio aeina?ae? o?aaeeoe?eieo e?a?i aenii?oa??a oa
?iii?oa??a ?iai/i? neee ? noaoe iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa a noa?? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??.

6. Cia/iee aieea ia ?icaeoie na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia? aeaiia?ao?/iee
oaeoi?. No/ania aeaiia?ao?/ia neooaoe?y na?ae/eoue i?i aenie? oaiie
i?e?inoo ianaeaiiy Caie?, a ioaea ? i?i caaaeueia ca?eueoaiiy
/enaeueiino? i?aoeacaeaoiiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo a na?o?. Aieiaieie
iinoa/aeueieeaie ?iai/i? neee ? eieeoi? eieii?aeuei? oa neaai?icaeioo?
e?a?ie. Iecueeee ??aaiue aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo oa aenie? oaiie
ia?iaeaeoaaiino? ia aeathoue iiaeeeaino? caaeiaieueieoe an?o aaaeath/eo
?iaioith, ui noai?th? i?aoeaaeaio “iaaeeeoeiai? ?iai/i? neee” a oeeo
e?a?iao. Ca?aeii c ?ic?aooieaie oao?aoe?a c III “iaaeeeoie ?iai/i? neee”
a aea?aeaaao o?aoueiai na?oo aoaea iino?eii c?inoaoe ? neoaeeoe
iiooaeiei /eiieeii iioe?aiiy ai?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a.

7. I?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aca?iiae?th aeaio
naaiaio?a – iieoioe?a oa i?iaeaaoe?a ?iai/i? neee, ye? a naith /a?ao
iathoue aeoaea oe?ieo oa ??ciiaa?aio aioo??oith no?oeoo?o. Na?aae
o?oaeiaeo i?a?aio?a /?oei aeae?eythoueny o?, ooi ia? aenieo caaaeueio oa
i?ioan?eio ina?oo, iino?eio oa aa?aioiaaio ?iaioo, aenieo ca?ia?oio
ieaoo, aa?i? oiiae aeeooy, nioe?aeuei? i?eueae oa aa?aio?? – oea
i?ea?eaeiaaia ?iai/a neea. I?ioa a?eueoa /anoeia i?aoe?aiee?a-i?a?aio?a,
? iniaeeai c e?a?i, ui ?icaeaathoueny – oea iecueeieaae?o?eiaai?
?ia?oieee, ye? ooeathoue aoaeue-yeo ?iaioo, iiaiaeaeoth/enue /anoi ia
aaaeeo, o?ce/io oa iaaacia/io aeey caei?ia’y i?aoeth. Oey /anoeia
i?aeia?iaeii? ?iai/i? neee, yea a e?euee?niiio aei??? iaaaaaoi a?eueoa,
neeaaea? iai?ea?eaeiaai? i?ioa?ee o?oaeiaeo i?a?aio?a. Na?aae ieo aaaaoi
iaeaaae?a oa a?aeaioe?a, ye? iae/ano?oa caciathoue oyaa? aenieoaoaoe??,
aeene?ei?iaoe??, i?eieceeaiai noaaeaiiy i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy,
i?aeiaaeathoue i?ae aeaii?oaoe?eio iie?oeeo e?a?i-aenii?oa??a ?iai/i?
neee.

8. Iaaia ??/, i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? ? noa?ith eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo
?iai/i? neee, aea ?acii c oei a?i ? ?acoeueoaoii caaaeueieo coneeue
noni?euenoaa ii ?ic?iaoe? iaoai?ci?a ?aoe?iiaeueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy oa
aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo na?oo. A?aoiaoth/e
neooaoe?th ia a?o/eciyiiio ?eieo i?aoe?, ciai?oiy caeiyo?noue a
iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio aoaea aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith aeey Oe?a?ie.
Oea ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aeeooy aoaeoeaii?
aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee, yea iiaeiia aacoaaoenue ia:

 aea/aii? e canoinoaaii? i?ia?aeiiai caei?aeiiiiai aeina?aeo
e?a?i-aenii?oa??a oa e?a?i-?iii?oa??a ?iai/i? neee;

 aecia/aii? i??i?eoaoieo aeey oe?a?inueei? ?iai/i? neee ?eie?a i?aoe?
ca ei?aeiiii;

 iineeaii? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo oe?a?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a ia oa?eoi???
e?a?i i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy /a?ac i?aeienaiiy aeainoi?iii?o o?oaeiaeo oaiae;

 iaa?oiooaaii? iaiao?aeiino? canoinoaaiiy ?iicaiii? ?iai/i? neee ia
iaoe?iiaeueieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

 aecia/aii? no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee oa
iaeaooiueiai ?icaeoeo caei?aeiiii? caeiyoino? /anoeie i?aoeacaeaoiiai
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie.

?icae?e II. Aeine?aeaeaiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia ?icaeoeo
ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?.

9. Noaa?aiia Oe?a?ia ia?aea ? aiaaiaii eaea oeyoii i?aeia?iaeiiai
ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, neeaaeiaith /anoeiith yeiai ? i?aeaea?aeaaiee iai?i
?iai/ith neeith. O?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y iinooiiai noa? iaa?ae’?iiith
?aaeuei?noth ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai ?eieo i?aoe?, iaaoaath/e c
/anii noaa?eueiiai oa ianiaiai oa?aeoa?o. Oeny/? oe?a?ioe?a i?aoeththoue
nueiaiaei? ca iaaeaie aeanii? aea?aeaae. ?aeoeia e?a?i, a yeeo io?oe?eii
i?aoeaaeaooiaothoueny iao? ni?aa?o/ecieee, iieaco? ui iaeiiioey?i?oeie
na?aae ieo ? A?aoe?y, E?i?, ?in?y, *ao?y, Iieueua. Ui noino?oueny
?iicaiieo i?aoe?aiee?a, oi iae/ano?oa aei ian i?e?aeaeaeathoue
a?iiaaeyie Oo?a//eie, A’?oiaio, Eeoath, ?in??, Aieaa???, Iieaeiae.

10. A?aoiaoth/e ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /enaeueiino? ?ii?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a a
Oe?a?io oa ai?a?aoe?eieo iioie?a c Oe?a?ie iiaeia aiaaiaii
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? e?a?ia aenooia?
aea?aeaaith-aenii?oa?ii ?iai/i? neee. Ca aeaieie io?oe?eii? noaoenoeee,
/enaeuei?noue oe?a?ioe?a, ui ae?aeaeaeathoue i?aoethaaoe ca ei?aeii a
na?aaeiueiio o 10 ?ac?a aeua /enaeueiino? ?iicaioe?a, ui
i?e?aeaeaeathoue a Oe?a?io (oaae.1). sseui ae aei io?oe?eieo
i?aoe?aiee?a-i?a?aio?a aeiaeaoe a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie, ye? iaeaaaeueii
aeaoooaaeenue ca ei?aeiiii, oi oeae ?ic?ea aoaea ua a?eueoei. Ni?aaa a
oiio, ui a?eueo?noue iaoeo ni?aa?o/eciee?a ae?ooathoue ia iiooee ?iaioe
iaio?oe?eii, niiae?aath/enue o?eueee ia aeani? neee. ?aaeuei? ianooaae
caeiyoino? a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie ca ei?aeiiii iaaaaaoi /enaeuei?o? ca
aea?aeaaio ca?oi?noue — ca i?ae?aooieaie oao?aoe?a a?ae 1 aei 3 iei.
i?aoeani?iiiaeiiai ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie i?aoeth? ca iaaeaie aeanii?
aea?aeaae. Iae/ano?oa oe?a?ioe?a iiaeia cono??oe o eieeoi?o ?aaeyinueeeo
?anioae?eao, ianaiia?aae o ?in??, oa o iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo aea?aeaaao —
Iieueu?, *ao??, Aieaa???, ui iiynith?oueny ?nioaaiiyi o ieioeiio o?nieo
aeiiii?/ieo oa iie?oe/ieo noinoie?a i?ae e?a?iaie, oa?eoi??aeueiith
aeecuee?noth, a?aenooi?noth a iaaeao NIAe a?ciaiai ?aaeeio oa iiaiiai
aa?’??o, iiae?ai?noth nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Caaaeuei? iieacieee ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?

Iieacieee1996 ??e1997 ??e1998 ??e*enaeuei?noue oe?a?ioe?a, ye? ae?oaee
i?aoethaaoe ca ei?aeii, in?a11 81618 74124 397*enaeuei?noue ?iicaioe?a,
ye? i?e?oaee i?aoethaaoe a Oe?a?io, in?a 2 0031 8202 187E?euee?noue
e?a?i-?aoeei??io?a oe?a?inueei? ?iai/i? neee264245E?euee?noue
e?a?i-aeiii??a ?iicaiii? ?iai/i? neee737981?ic?aoiaaii ca iaoa??aeaie
Aea?aeaaii? noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?: oi?ia ?1 – OI oa oi?ia ?3 – OI.

11. ?icii/aaoenue ye aeoi??eia ?aaeoe?y ia iie?oe/i? ci?ie a Oe?a?i?
o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y caiaeii iaaoaa? /?oei ae?aaeaia aeiiii?/ia
i?aea?oioy. Aeiiii?/ia neooaoe?y a Oe?a?i? iiee ia aea? i?aenoaa
niiae?aaoenue ia oaeaeeee i?aeeii iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa
?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ia a?o/eciyiiio ?eieo i?aoe?.
I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieaco?, ui aieiaieie iciaeaie, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue no/aniee noai ?eieo i?aoe? a Oe?a?i? ?:

 cia/ia iaae?iiy ianya?a iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

 ia?aoe?iiaeueia no?oeoo?a aaeocaai? caeiyoino?, ?noioia ia?aaeuaiiy
i?iiiceoe?? ?iai/i? neee iaae iiieoii;

 iino?eia ca?eueoaiiy /enaeueiino? oa oa?i?io o?eaaeino?
ca?a?no?iaaiiai aac?ia?ooy, eiai /?oei ae?aaeaia ae?ii/a oa iieiae?aeia
iaee//y;

 aenie? ianyae i?eoiaaiiai aac?ia?ooy, yea iiaea aaaaeaoenue
nai???aeiei ?aca?aii iiiiaiaiiy io?oe?eiiai;

 coaiae?iiy cia/ii? /anoeie ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie;

 iino?eia aeaiiioeyoe?th oa caaaeueia iinoa??iiy ianaeaiiy, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino? o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo Oe?a?ie;

Ia oii? ci?i a no?oeoo?? caeiyoino? o?oaeiaeo ?ano?n?a niinoa??aathoueny
iniaeeai iaaacia/i? oaiaeaioe??, iia’ycai? c ao?aoith eaae??a aaeocyie
aeiiii?ee, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeaooi?e aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie Oe?a?ie. A
ia?oo /a?ao, oea noino?oueny ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaoe oa nenoaie ina?oe,
ca?aeee a?aeaoaa?oueny iniiaiee a?aeo?e aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo oao?aoe?a.
E?a?io caeeoathoue iieiae?, ia?niaeoeai? a/ai?, ye? a iaeaooiueiio iaee
neeanoe iaoeiaee iioaioe?ae aea?aeaae. A onueiio na?o? caeoee a?ae
?ioaeaeooaeueii? ai?a?aoe?? aaaaeathoueny iaea?eueo na?eicieie ye a
ye?niiio, oae ? a e?euee?niiio a?aeiioaii?. ?ioaeaeooaeueiee eai?oae ?
iaeoe?ii?oei caeiaooeii aoaeue-yeiai noni?euenoaa, ni?aaaeiy oe?ia
ao?aoe yeiai noa? a?ae/ooiith eeoa /a?ac iaaiee /an. Oeei iaaooue ?
iiynith?oueny aeineoue niie?eia iiee ui noaaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? aei iacaaii?
i?iaeaie. Noni?euenoai ia aecia? iiaiith i??ith o??? ao?aoe, yea iiaea
noaoenue a iane?aeie iino?eiiai “a?aeieeao ?icoio” ca ei?aeii.

A Oe?a?i? ca inoaii? ?iee aeiiii?/ia e?eca i?iaeiaaeoaaea
iiaeeaethaaeanue, a ??aaiue aeeooy ianaeaiiy cieaeoaaany. Ca oaeeo
ianoaaei ne?ae /aeaoe, ui ai?a?aoe?ei? iano?i? a noni?euenoa? aoaeooue
iioe?thaaoenue ? iaaeae?, a ca’yceo c /ei i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaii
ae?th/iai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th noa?
cia/ii aeooaeuei?oith.

Ca inoaii? ?iee a Oe?a?i? aoee c?iaeai? nooo?a? e?iee a oeueiio iai?yi?.
Aa?oiaia ?aaea Oe?a?ie i?eeiyea caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe, ye? caeeaee iniiao
iiaoaeiae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai?
i?a?aoe??. Iaeaieiai?o? na?aae ieo: Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie (i?eeiyoa
28.06.98 ?.), Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i a?iiaaeyinoai“ (a?ae 08.10.91 ?.),
Caeii Oe?a?ie “I?i caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy“ (a?ae 01.03.91 ?.), Caeii
Oe?a?ie “I?i ii?yaeie ae?caeo c Oe?a?ie ? a’?cae a Oe?a?io a?iiaaeyi
Oe?a?ie“ (a?ae 21.01.94 ?.). A?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie iaea?aeaee caeiiiaeaa/i
i?aee??ieaia i?aai naiino?eii ? aac aoaeue-yeeo iaiaaeaiue iae?aoe
e?a?io iaoeaiiy oa i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy.

Cia/iei aianeii o iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy aca?iiiai iai?io ?iai/ith neeith
noaei i?aeienaiiy aeainoi?iii?o o?oaeiaeo oaiae ia i?aeaea?aeaaiiio
??ai?. Ca inoaii? ?iee aoee i?aeienai? oaiaee c ?in??th (a?ae
14.01.93?.), Iieaeiaith (a?ae 13.12.93?.), Iieueuath (a?ae 16.02.94?.),
Eeoaith (a?ae 28.03.95?.), A??iai??th (a?ae 17.06.95?.), A?ei?on??th
(a?ae 17.07.95?.), Eaoa??th (a?ae 21.11.95?.), *ao??th (a?ae
21.03.96?.), A’?oiaiii (a?ae 08.04.96?.), Neiaa//eiith (a?ae
07.03.97?.). E??i oiai, aoea ?ic?iaeaia caaaeueia oaiaea c e?a?iaie NIAe
i?i ni?a?ia?oieoeoai a aaeoc? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? oa nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo i?aoe?aiee?a-i?a?aio?a, yeo ?aoeo?eoaaee a?n?i e?a?i NIAe, a
naia: Oe?a?ia, Oaaeaeeeenoai, Eacaonoai, Iieaeiaa, ?in?enueea
Oaaea?aoe?y, Ocaaeenoai, Ee?aec?y oa A??iai?y.

I?ioa, i?aeienai? ia iaia?? oaiaee iiee ia ciaeoee aaeaeaaoii?
?aae?caoe?? ia i?aeoeoe?. Aieiaieie i?e/eiaie aaeueioaaiiy ?o
?aae?caoe?? ? e?eciaa aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua o a?eueoino? c iacaaieo
e?a?i, cia/iee niaae ae?iaieoeoaa, aenieee ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy na?aae
i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy, iaia?ciai?noue a?iiaaeyi uiaei iiaeeeainoae
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy /a?ac oaiaee. Ia?o? ni?iae aea?aeaaiiai
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi ca ei?aeiiii ii/aee
?aae?ciaoaaoenue o 1997 ?ioe? a *ao??. O 1998 ?ioe? iaeanieie oeaio?aie
caeiyoino? aoei ioi?ieaii oa iai?aaeaii a *anueeo ?anioae?eo a?ey 7
oeny/ a?iiaaeyi. E?i?o ia i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi a
*ao?? anoaiiaeaiee a ?ici??? 30 oen. in?a.

12. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, iieacaei, ui
aiia ii?aeio? o nia? ? caeiiii??i? ? aeiooai? iane?aeee aeey Oe?a?ie.
I?aeia?iaeia o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y – neeaaeia yaeua, yea iio?aao?
eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ioe?iee aieeao iacaaieo i?ioean?a ia ?icaeoie
noni?euenoaa. Na?aae iiceoeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? aeey
Oe?a?ie iiaeia iacaaoe:

 ni?eyiiy ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie aei i?aeia?iaeiiai ?eieo i?aoe? /a?ac
i?aeaea?aeaaiee iai?i ?iai/ith neeith;

 iineaaeaiiy oeneo aac?ia?ooy ia iaoe?iiaeueiiio ?eieo i?aoe?,
cieaeaiiy nioe?aeueii? iai?oae o noni?euenoa?;

 iaaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? ?aae?coaaoe nai? cae?aiino? ca ei?aeiiii,
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue eaae?o?eaoe??, iiciaeiieoenue c na?oiaei aeina?aeii,
iie?aueoe iaoa??aeueia noaiiaeua, ye naieo ai?a?aio?a oae ? /eai?a ?o
?iaeei;

 iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a Oe?a?io aeiaeaoeiai? ?iicaiii? aaethoe, oeyoii
a?ioiaeo ia?aeac?a o?oaeiaeo ai?a?aio?a oa ?iaanooaaiiy eioo?a a
aeiiii?eo /a?ac noai?aiiy ni?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa c ?iicaiieie
caniiaieeaie;

 caaacia/aiiy ca ?aooiie ?iicaiii? ?iai/i? neee iie?eooy aeao?oeeoo
oao?aoe?a iaiao?aeieo i?ioan?e oa eaae?o?eaoe?e a Oe?a?i?;

 noeioethaaiiy aei a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo
i?aoe?aiee?a /a?ac noai?aiiy eiieo?aioe?? c caei?aeiiieie oao?aoeyie;

 i?aeaeuaiiy na?oiaiai ?aeoeiao Oe?a?ie, ye aeaiie?aoe/ii?, a?eueii? oa
a?aee?eoi? aea?aeaae.

A oie aea /an aieea i?a?aoe?eieo ii?caeie ia ?icaeoie o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo oa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaeiicia/ii
iiceoeaiei. Na?aae iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? aeey
Oe?a?ie iacaaii ianooii?:

 ao?aoa e?a?iith iaeeiieo?aioicaeaoi?oi? /anoeie aeanieo o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a;

 i?aeaeuaiiy oeneo ia iaoe?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe? aiane?aeie noai?aiiy
?iicaiieie a?iiaaeyiaie eiieo?aioe?? i?noeaa?e ?iai/ee nee?;

 oiia?eueiaiiy oaii?a ?icaeoeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano, a ca’yceo c
/enaeueiith ?ioaeaeooaeueiith ai?a?aoe??th oe?a?inueeeo a/aieo ca
ei?aeii;

 ao?aoa Oe?a?iith ?iicaiii? aaethoe, ui aeaiceoueny ?ii?a?aioaie a
yeino? aeanieo caiuaaeaeaiue;

 iioe?aiiy aeiaaee?a ceiaaeeaaiue oa iooeoaaiue a?iiaaeyi i?eaaoieie
aaaionoaaie c i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy;

 aeieeiaiiy iie?oe/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo i?aoaic?e aei iaoi? e?a?ie, a
ca’yceo c ca?eueoaiiyi iaeaaaeueii? o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? oe?a?ioe?a;

 aeei?enoaiiy iaoeo a?iiaaeyi ca ei?aeiiii ia iecueeieaae?o?eiaaieo,
aaaeeeo ?iaioao c oe?aeeeaeie oiiaaie i?aoe?, iayai?noue aeiaaee?a ?o
aeene?ei?iaoe?? oa aenieoaoaoe?? c aieo i?noeaaeo ?iaioiaeaaoe?a;

 o?eaaea a?ae??aai?noue o?oaeiaeo ai?a?aio?a a?ae ?iaeeie, ?nioaaiiy
iiaeeeainoae iio?aieoe o ai?ii? eiioe?eoe ? iaa?oue caaeiooe;

 i?aeaeuaiiy cei/eiiino? oa nioe?aeueii? iai?oae o noni?euenoa? /a?ac
i?aeiaoe?iiaeuei? eiioe?eoe, /enaeuei? ii?ooaiiy i?aaee ioi?ieaiiy
aeieoiaio?a ia ia?aaoaaiiy oa i?iaeeaaiiy ?iicaioeyie, aeei?enoaiiy
Oe?a?ie, a yeino? o?aiceoii? oa?eoi??e, aeey iiaeaeueoi? ai?a?aoe?? o
?icaeioo? cao?aei? e?a?ie.

13. I?e/eie iaaaoeaii? neooaoe?? c ?aaoethaaiiyi o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a
Oe?a?i?, ia iao iiaeyae, iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

— Oe?a?iith aein? ia ?aoeo?eiaai? Eiiaaioe?e I?aeia?iaeii? i?aai?caoe??
i?aoe? i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei a aaeoc?
i?a?aoe??, ui oiia?eueith? noai?aiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace,
yea a a?aeiia?aeaea aeiiaai i?aeia?iaeieo i?aaiaeo ii?i;

— ia ?ic?iaeaiee iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? a?aeiia?aeieo aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a
aeaaee, ye? ?aaoeththoue a’?cae, ae?cae, ia?aaoaaiiy oa
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ye aeanieo i?aoe?aiee?a ca ei?aeiiii, oae ? ?iicaiieo
a?iiaaeyi ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie;

— ia noai?aia ?aeeia i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea ca
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno oe?a?inueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a ca
ei?aeiiii;

— ia ?nio? /?oei aecia/aii? i?ioeaaeo?e i?eoyaiaiiy aei
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? i?eaaoieo aaaionoa (o??i), ui caeiathoueny
i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiyi ca ei?aeiiii, ca ceiaaeeaaiiy oa iooeoaaiiy
a?iiaaeyi;

— a?aenooiy aoaeoeaia aea?aeaaia i?a?aoe?eia iie?oeea. Iiaoaeiaaiee ia
i?aeia?iaeieo canaaeao “i?iaeaae” ia a?aeiia?aeiee /an aeanii?
iaaeeeoeiai? ?iai/i? neee c oni?oii aeei?enoiao?oueny oe?eei ?yaeii
e?a?i. C iaeiiai aieo, oea aeicaiey? e?a?iai-aenii?oa?ai ciaiooaaoe
iai?oao ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo i?aoe?, a c ?ioiai – aeiaeiio
iiaa?oathoueny ia?ai?aeaioiaeai? oa aeina?ae/ai? i?aoe?aieee, ye? aei
oiai ae i?eaicyoue c niaith aaethoi? caiuaaeaeaiiy. Nai? ae o?oaeia?
i?a?aioe a?ae/oaathoue ei?enoue a?ae oiai, ui ca iaeiaeiao i?aoeth
?ici?? aeiaai?iaee ca ei?aeiiii o e?eueea ?ac?a aeuee, i?ae ia
aaouee?auei?. Oe?a?ia ao?a/a? ?aaeuei? o?iainia? eiooe aeiiea/oth/e
n?i’yi i?a?aio?a ca iineoae, ca aacieaoio ina?oo, iaaee/ia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy, eiioiaeueia caaacia/aiiy;

— ia noai?aia aenia?oia eii?n?y, yea i?iaiaeeea a ioe?ieo iiaeeeaeo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iane?aee?a o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee aeey
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

Iaaaaeai? iaaeie?ee na?ae/aoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy
?nioth/i? aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie ia iniia? ?ic?iaee
eiino?oeoeaieo oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
ni?yiiaaieo ia caaacia/aiiy aca?iiaea?aeiiai i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io
?iai/ith neeith oa iiaeeaeaiiy ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a a noa??
nioe?aeueiiai-aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa Oe?a?ie c i?aeia?iaeiei
?eieii i?aoe?.

?icae?e III. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie o
i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?.

14. Ca inoaii? aeanyoe??//y o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y a Oe?a?i? iaaoea no?eeiai
oa ianooaaiiai oa?aeoa?o. ?? iaeaooi?e ?icaeoie cia/iith i??ith aoaea
caeaaeaoe a?ae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? oa ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie. A iaeaeeae/iio iaeaooiueiio iaa?yae /e ne?ae /aeaoe
oaeaeeiai ? ianooaaiiai i?aeeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, noai?aiiy
cia/ii? e?eueeino? iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy aeeooy
ianaeaiiy. Ca aeaieo ianoaaei ai?a?aoe?ei? iano?i? o noni?euenoa?
aoaeooue o?eueee iioe?thaaoenue, a /enaeuei?noue ae?aeaeaeath/eo ia
ca?ia?oee ca ei?aeii c?inoaoe.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai aea?aeaaia i?a?aoe?eia iie?oeea iiaeiia
caaacia/oaaoe aoaeoeaiee e aca?iiaea?aeiee “i?iaeaae” aeanii? ?iai/i?
neee ca ei?aeii oa iaa?oioiaaia e ?aoe?iiaeueia caeo/aiiy ?iicaiii?
?iai/i? neee a Oe?a?io. Aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio i?aeaea?aeaaiiai
iai?io ?iai/ith neeith iaie cai?iiiiiaai?:

14.1. Caoiaee ii aaeineiiaeaiith o?iainiai?, aaie?anueei?, iiaeaoeiai?,
ieoii? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia eiiieaenia
ae??oaiiy oe?ieiai eiea i?iaeai iia’ycaieo c o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th oa
noai?aiiyi ni?eyoeeaiai i?a?aoe?eiiai ee?iaoo a Oe?a?i?.

14.2. Nenoaia aeiia aei noa’?eo?a o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe??, yea aeicaieeoue
i?aeaeueoe aea?aeaaiee eiio?ieue ca i?eaaoieie i?aai?caoe?yie oa
no?oeoo?ith i?a?oth/i? ?iai/i? neee.

14.3. Ci?ie a nenoai? i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th, a naia
— noai?aiiy Neoaeae ciai?oiuei? caeiyoino?, iniiaia ooieoe?y yei? aoaea
iieyaaoe a aoaeoeaiiio oi?aae?ii? i?ioeanaie o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? oa
?aae?caoe?? ?acii c ?ioeie aea?aeaaieie i?aai?caoe?yie (I?i?noa?noaii
i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee, I?eei?aeiiiith neoaeaith, Ieoiith
neoaeaith, aaie?anueeith ia?aaeath) ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?.

14.4. I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a oa ia?ae?e ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaia’yce?a
Neoaeae ciai?oiuei? caeiyoino?.

14.5. I?iaeo o?oaeiaiai eiio?aeoo c i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy i?ae
?iaioiaeaaoeai oa i?aoe?aieeii, yeee iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoenue a yeino?
noaiaea?oii? oi?o?eiaaii? iniiae aeey ?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo aeieoiaio?a
ia i?aeoeoe?.

14.6. Ia?ae?e aeiia aei e?oeaicoaaiiy i?eaaoieo aaaionoa oa o??i,
canoinoaaiiy yeeo aeicaieeoue iineeeoe eiio?ieue ca iina?aaeieoeueeith
ae?yeuei?noth a noa?? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaeaee ciiao noi?ioethaaoe
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a
Oe?a?i? oa noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia aeey ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie o
i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?. Iniiaieie na?aae ieo ?:

1. Iioe?aiiy ai?a?aoe?eieo oa ?ii?a?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia?aeiio?, ui
Oe?a?ia aea?aea ? aiaaiaii eaea oeyoii ?ioaa?aoe?? o na?oiaee
aeiiii?/iee i?ino??, aea iai?i ?iai/ith neeith iiaeiai noaoe iaeiei ?c
iai?yi?a i?aeaea?aeaaiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa. ?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie o
i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? — oea ia aeaeaea ia?niaeoeaa, oea aeooaeueia
?aaeuei?noue nueiaiaeaiiy.

2. No/aniee noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie cia/iith i??ith iaoiiaeaiee ci?iaie,
ui a?aeaoeeny a iie?oe/iiio oa aeiiii?/iiio aeeoo? e?a?ie a e?ioe? 80-o
ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a. Ca nioe?ae?noe/iiai eaaeo Oe?a?ia iiai?noth aoea
?ioaa?iaaia a ?aaeyinueeo aeiiii?eo ia caeaaei?e iniia?. I?ney caeiaoooy
iacaeaaeiino? aeaoi?iiaaia aiane?aeie ia?aoe?iiaeueii i?aai?ciaaii?
niaoe?ae?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa no?oeoo?a aeiiii?ee noaea na?eiciith
ia?aoeiaeith ia oeyoo aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue, a ?ic?ea ainiiaea?nueeeo
ca’yce?a ni?eya cia/iiio niaaeo ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
no/aniiai noaio a?o/eciyiiai ?eieo i?aoe? aeaiiino?o? iayai?noue
na?eicieo i?iaeai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?icaeoeo o?oaeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo. A?aoiaoth/e e?eciao neooaoe?th a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie ,
iaiiaeeea?noue iiaii? oa aoaeoeaii? caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy, iayai?noue
aenieiai ??aiy aac?ia?ooy ne?ae /aeaoe, ui ai?a?aoe?ei? iano?i? o
noni?euenoa? aoaeooue iioe?thaaoenue ? iaaeae?.

3. Ae?caee oe?a?ioe?a ca ei?aeii oaeaeei noaee cae/iei ?
?iciianthaeaeaiei yaeuai. Iao? ni?aa?o/ecieee i?aoeththoue o Niieo/aieo
Ooaoao, Aaeeeia?eoai??, I?ia//ei?, O?aioe??, ?c?a?e?, Oo?a//ei?,
A?aoe??, ia E?i?? oa o aaaaoueio ?ioeo e?a?iao. Ia?aeaeueii c
ai?a?aoe?eieie iaaoaathoue neeo ?ii?a?aoe?ei? i?ioeane — iiiaae oanoe
oeny/ ?iicaiieo a?iiaaeyi io?oe?eii i?aoeaaeaoooaaeenue a Oe?a?i?
oi?iaeiaae o?ueio inoaii?o ?ie?a. Aeeiai?ci oa ianooaai?noue ?icaeoeo
ciai?oiuei? caeiyoino?, ?nioth/e iaaeie?ee ae?th/i? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th iaoiiaeee iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oeyo?a
aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? i?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee a Oe?a?i?.

4. ?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie o na?oiao aeiiii?/io nenoaio, neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith yei? ? i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?, ia?aaeaa/a? ?ic?iaeo
i?iaeoiaii? ? caaeainiaaii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee. A?ae ??aiy
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? caeaaeeoue
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy noinoie?a i?ae Oe?a?iith oa ?ioeie aea?aeaaaie na?oo,
aeciaiiy oa i?anoeae iaoi? e?a?ie ia i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo i?aoe?. Aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoai?cio
i?aeaea?aeaaiiai iai?io ?iai/ith neeith ia iao iiaeyae iaiao?aeii:

4.1. ?aoeo?eoaaoe Eiiaaioe?th I?aeia?iaeii? I?aai?caoe?? I?aoe? ? 97
“I?i o?oaeyueo-i?a?aio?a” (1949?.) oa Eiiaaioe?y ?143 “I?i ceiaaeeaaiiy
o noa?? i?a?aoe?? oa caaacia/aiiy o?oaeyu?i-i?a?aioai ??aieo
iiaeeeainoae” (1975?.), aea ia?aaeaa/ai? iniiai? ii?ie oiia i?aoe?,
iiaooiaiai oa aeeoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy, o?ainii?ooaaiiy oa nioe?aeueiiai
no?aooaaiiy i?aoe?aiee?a. Aac i?aeienaiiy iacaaieo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a
Oe?a?ia ia iiaea ?icaeyaeaoenue ye ??aiii?aaiee ia?oia? ia
i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo i?aoe?.

4.2. Noai?eoe aoaeoeaio iaoe?iiaeueio caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeaio aaco oa
a?aeiia?aeio i?aai?caoe?eii-?inoeoooe?iiaeueio no?oeoo?o i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaith i?a?aoe??th, aeey /iai iaiao?aeii:

— i?eeiyoe i?iaeo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i o?oaeyueo-i?a?aio?a”;

— noai?eoe Neoaeao ciai?oiuei? caeiyoino?, ia yeo aoee a iieeaaeai?
iaia’ycee i?aai?caoe?? i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
oe?a?inueeeo a?iiaaeyi ca ei?aeiiii, cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca i?eaaoieie
i?aai?caoe?yie c i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?oieo ioe?iie
iane?aee?a o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? oa ?ii?a?aoe?? aeey Oe?a?ie.

— ?ic?iaeoe a?aeiia?aei? iii?aaee aei e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca noeo?eio
(iaeaaaeueio) i?a?aoe?th, i?eoiaaia aa?aoaaiiy oa eiio?aaaiaeo ?iai/i?
neee;

— i?aai?coaaoe ae?yeuei?noue aoaoa c i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy i?e oe?a?inueeeo
aeeieiiaoe/ieo i?n?yo ca ei?aeiiii aeey i?aeaeuaiiy nioe?aeueii?
caoeuaiino? iaoeo i?aoe?aiee?a-i?a?aio?a;

— noai?eoe /a?ac oaeaaa/aiiy, ?aae?i, oeaio?e caeiyoino? an?o ??ai?a
ae?th/o ?ioi?iaoe?eio ia?aaeo aeey iciaeiieaiiy a?iiaaeyi Oe?a?ie c
iiaeeeainoyie i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy ca ei?aeiiii.

Aeey iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee
iiaeii? noai?thaaoenue oiiae aeey aoaeoeaii? eii?aeeiaoe?? coneeue an?o
caoe?eaaeaieo noi??i a aaeoc? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe??, i?iaiaeeoenue ?iaioa
ii aecia/aiith no?aoaa?/ieo oe?eae oa ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yi?a aca?iiae??
Oe?a?ie c i?aeia?iaeiei ?eieii i?aoe?.

Uia noaoe ae?enii aoaeoeaiei ?ino?oiaioii ?aaoethaaiiy i?aeaea?aeaaiiai
iai?io ?iai/ith neeith, i?a?aoe?eia iie?oeea Oe?a?ie iiaeiia aooe
i?iaeoiaiith ? caaeainiaaiith, nie?aoenue ia aeina?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo
e?a?i aenii?oa??a oa ?iii?oa??a ?iai/i? neee.

Aoiaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie aei na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe? ia? noaoe iniiaith
oni?oiiai ?icaeoeo i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, iineeaiiy
nioe?aeueii? i???ioaoe?? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a e?a?i?, noai?aiiy oiia
aeeooy ? i?aoe? ia ??ai? aeniei ?icaeiooeo aea?aeaa na?oo. I?iaeaia
iieyaa? a oiio, uia Oe?a?ia ciiaea ia o?eueee aeoeaii, aea e
oeea?e?ciaaii oa?eoe a i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?, iaeneiaeueii
aeei?enoiaoth/e eiai aeaiaee ? i?i?i?coth/e iiaeeea? caeoee.

IA?AE?E IOAE?EAOe?E AAOI?A

1. Noaoo?, iaae?oeiaai? a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo:

1. Eaiioaiei I. I?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe? oa Oe?a?ia: i?iaeaie
?ioaa?aoe?? // I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee: I?aea?aeii/ee
iaoeiaee ca??iee. Aei. 5. – E.: EIAO. — 1997. — N. 96-101. – 0,2 ae?oe.
a?e.

2. Eaiioaiei I. I?iaeaie o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? ca ei?aeii a Oe?a?i? //
I?iaeaie i?aoe?, aeiiii?ee oa iiaeaethaaiiy. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue.-*.1. – Oiaeueieoeueeee: IAI “Aa??ea” OIA. — 1998. – N. 147-149.
– 0,25 ae?oe. a?e.

3. Aeaithe A.I., Eaiioaiei I. I?iaeaie ?ioaa?aoe?? Oe?a?ie o na?oiaee
?eiie i?aoe? // Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueia iie?oeea:
Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei.5. – E??iaia?aae: E?NI. — 1998. — N. 7-13.
– 0,2 ae?oe. a?e. (Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue 0,1 ae?oe. a?e., a yeeo
iaaaaeaiee aiae?c oa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanaie o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?.)

4. Eaiioaiei I.I. ?iai/a neea ia i?aeia?iaeiiio ?eieo i?aoe? //
Aeiiii?ea i?aoe?. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aei.3. – Oiaeueieoeueeee:
Oaoiieia?/iee oi?aa?neoao Iiae?eey; IAI “Aa?eea” OIA. — 1999. – N.
82-85. – 0,4 ae?oe.a?e.

5. Eaiioaiei I. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? (na?oiaee
aeina?ae) // Oe?a?ia: aniaeoe i?aoe?. — E.: o??ia “I?aoey”. – 1998. — ?
6. – N. 37-39. – 0,4 ae?oe. a?e.

6. Eaiioaiei I.I. ?icaeoie o?oaeiai? ai?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i? // Oe?a?ia:
aniaeoe i?aoe?. — E.: o??ia “I?aoey”. – 1999. — ? 5. –N.28-31. — 0,5
ae?oe.a?e.

7. Eaiioaiei I.I. ?iicaiia ?iai/a neea ia oe?a?inueeiio ?eieo i?aoe? //
Caeiyo?noue oa ?eiie i?aoe?. I?aea?aeii/ee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
?aaee ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie. Aei. 9. – E. –
1999. – N. 167-177. — 0,4 ae?oe.a?e.

2. Noaoo?, iaae?oeiaai? a ?ioeo aeaeaiiyo:

8. Eaiioaiei I. No/ani? i?iaeaie ai?a?aoe?? ?iai/i? neee // Oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo: Ca??iee
aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — *.2. –
Oiaeueieoeueeee: OOI. — 1997. — N. 296-298. – 0,1 ae?oe. a?e.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eaiioaiei I.I. ?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie o i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.05.01 — na?oiaa ainiiaea?noai ? i?aeia?iaei?
aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie. — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee
oi?aa?neoao, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii ?icaeoie ?ioaa?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a
o noa?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?ae e?a?iaie oa ?o
aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy na?oiaiai ?eieo i?aoe?. I?iaaaeaii eiiieaeniee
aiae?c ?ie? Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aeaea?aeaaiiai
iai?io ?iai/ith neeith.

A aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaiee eiiieaen i?aaiaeo, aeiiii?/ieo ?
i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie ciai?oiuei? o?oaeiai? i?a?aoe?? a Oe?a?i?.

?ic?iaeaii iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
no?oeoo?e i?aai?caoe?eiiai iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? aea?aeaaii?
ai?a?aoe?eii? iie?oeee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioaa?aoe?y, i?aeia?iaeia o?oaeiaa i?a?aoe?y,
i?aeia?iaeiee ?eiie i?aoe?, ai?a?aoe?eia iie?oeea, ciai?oiy caeiyo?noue,
iaeaaaeueia i?a?aoe?y, o?oaeia? ai?a?aioe, o?oaeia? ?ii?a?aioe, ?iicaiia
?iai/a neea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eaiioaiei I.I. Eioaa?aoeey Oe?aeiu a iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.05.01 – ie?iaia oicyenoai e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
yeiiiie/aneea ioiioaiey. – Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue yeiiiie/aneee
oieaa?neoao, Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Oe?ieiianooaaiua eioaa?aoeeiiiua i?ioeannu, i?ienoiaeyuea a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy a ie?a, nii?iaiaeaeathony ia?ainiuneaieai yeiiiie/aneiai e
nioeeaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo no?aiaie. Eciaiaiey a ie?iaie
iieeoeea e yeiiiieea, iaoneiaeaiu cia/eoaeueiuie ea/anoaaiiuie naeaeaaie
a oaoieea e oaoiieiaee i?iecaiaenoaa, ia?aca aeecie e oa?aeoa?a o?oaea
ethaeae, eoeueoo?iii e aeooiaiii ?acaeoee ioaeaeueiie ee/iinoe.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea iinoaiaiii noaiiaeony aaaeiui eiiiiiaioii
nia?aiaiiiai ie?iaiai oicyenoaa, aac eioi?iai iaaiciiaeii iieiioeaiiia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea ie?iaie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu. Oi?ie?iaaiea ie?iaiai
?uiea o?oaea — yoi neiaeiue nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee i?ioeann,
ia?ac?uaii naycaiiue n aeeiaieeie ?acaeoey iaoeeiiaeueiuo ?uieia o?oaea,
?ani?aaeaeaieai e ia?a?ani?aaeaeaieai ?aai/ae neeu, nouanoaaiiui
eciaiaieai nenoaiu iaeia e i?aaeeiaeaiey ?aai/ae neeu. Iaeiei ec
aaaeiaeoeo nioeeaeueiuo iineaaenoaee iiyaeaiey e ?acaeoey ie?iaiai ?uiea
o?oaea noaiiaeony aiciiaeiinoue eaaeaeiai /aeiaaea naiaiaeii auae?aoue
ianoi i?iaeeaaiey e ?aaiou, ia ia?aie/eaaynue i?e yoii oa??eoi?eae naiae
nianoaaiiie no?aiu.

Aeey acaeiiauaiaeiie eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea
iaiaoiaeeii ananoi?iiiaa eco/eoue neooaoeeth, neiaeeaoothny a noa?a
iaaeainoaea?noaaiiiai iaiaia o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie. Aeey yoiai a
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?iaioa auei i?iaaaeaii iao/iia enneaaeiaaiea
eiioeaiooaeueiuo iniia ?acaeoey eioaa?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a iaeanoe
iaaeainoaea?noaaiiiai iaiaia ?aai/ae neeie, ?anniio?aia enoi?e/aneay
yoaiecaoeey ?acaeoey o?oaeiaie iea?aoeee, ii?aaeaeaiu a? aeaaiua
i?e/eiu, oaeoi?u e iniaaiiinoe ?acaeoey ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia,
enneaaeiaaiu iniiaiua ?aaeiiaeueiua ?uiee ?aai/ae neeu, auaeaeaiu
naaiaiou ie?iaiai ?uiea o?oaea, aeaia ea/anoaaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea
eioa?iaoeeiiaeueiie ?aai/ae neeu. I?iaiaeece?iaai iiuo o?aaeeoeeiiiuo
no?ai yenii?o??ia e eiii?o??ia ?aai/ae neeu a i?aeoeea ?aaeecaoeee
aioo?aiiae ainoaea?noaaiiie iea?aoeeiiiie iieeoeee.

Ia?aeeaeueii n yoei a ?aaioa aiaeece?iaaeny oeaeue ?yae i?iaeai,
naycaiiuo n ninoiyieai ioa/anoaaiiiai ?uiea o?oaea a Oe?aeia, aeeyieai
iea?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia ia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea no?aiu.

Noaa?aiiay Oe?aeia eca?aea e oaa?aiii eaeao iooai nio?oaeie/anoaa n
ie?iaui yeiiiie/aneei niiauanoaii, ninoaaiie /anoueth eioi?iai yaeyaony
iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea. O?oaeiaay iea?aoeey iinoaiaiii noaiiaeony
iaiouaieaiie ?aaeueiinoueth ooieoeeiie?iaaiey oe?aeineiai ?uiea o?oaea,
i?eia?aoay ni a?aiaiai ana aieaa noaaeeueiue e ianniaue oa?aeoa?. Ouny/e
iaoeo niioa/anoaaiieeia ?aaioatho naaiaeiy ca a?aieoeae. ?ano?o
iiioey?iinoue Oe?aeiu ni noi?iiu eiino?aiiuo ?aai/eo e niaoeeaeenoia.
A?aaeaeaia aieaa /ai 80-oe ainoaea?noa ie?a ?aaioatho naaiaeiy a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, naeueneii oicyenoaa, a nenoaia ia?aciaaiey e
cae?aaiio?aiaiey Oe?aeiu.

A aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa aeaia eiiieaeniay ioeaiea
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo i?e/ei e iineaaenoaee ?acaeoey o?oaeiaie
yiea?aoeee n Oe?aeiu e o?oaeiaie eiiea?aoeee a Oe?aeio, ii?aaeaeaiu
iniiaiua i?iaeaiu e eiathueany iaaeinoaoee a noa?a oi?aaeaiey o?oaeiaie
iea?aoeeae.

Eioaa?aoeey Oe?aeiu a ie?iaia yeiiiie/aneia i?ino?ainoai, ninoaaiie
/anoueth eioi?iai yaeyaony iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea,
i?aaeoniao?eaaao ?ac?aaioeo i?iaeoiaiiie e naaeaine?iaaiiie
ainoaea?noaaiiie yiea?aoeeiiiie iieeoeee. Io o?iaiy ainoaea?noaaiiiai
o/anoey a ?aaoee?iaaiee aiaoiae o?oaeiaie iea?aoeee caaeneo ?acaeoea
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo naycae Oe?aeiu, i?eciaiea e i?anoeae iaoae no?aiu ia
ie?iaii ?uiea o?oaea.

N oeaeueth oniaa?oainoaiaaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie iea?aoeeiiiie iieeoeee a
aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa i?aaeeiaeai eiiieaen i?aaiauo, yeiiiie/aneeo e
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?, iai?aaeaiiuo ia iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe oi?aaeaiey
aiaoiae o?oaeiaie iea?aoeeae a Oe?aeia; nicaeaiea oneiaee aeey
acaeiiauaiaeiiai iaiaia o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie iaaeaeo no?aiaie,
caeeth/eaoeie aeaonoi?iiiea niaeaoaiey; iaania/aiea aa?aioee
nioeeaeueiie caueou o?oaeiauo yiea?aioia e eiiea?aioia; i?aaeioa?auaiea
iaeaaaeueiie iea?aoeee.

?ac?aaioaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai iaoaiecia ?aaeecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiie yiea?aoeeiiiie
iieeoeee, a /anoiinoe, i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua oi?aaeaineea no?oeoo?u —
Neoaeaa aiaoiae caiyoinoe a Oe?aeia e Neoaeaa aooaoa ii o?oaeiaui
aii?inai i?e oe?aeineeo aeeieiiaoe/aneei ienneyi ca a?aieoeae, eioi?ua
iicaieyo iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
iea?aoeeiiiuie i?ioeannaie.

?aaeecaoeey i?aaeeiaeaiiuo a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa ?aeiiaiaeaoeee,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee a
noa?a o?oaeiaie iea?aoeee, iicaieeo nicaeaoue oneiaey aeey oniaoiie
eioaa?aoeee Oe?aeiu a ie?iaie ?uiie o?oaea, iiauneo nioeeaeueioth
i?eaioaoeeth ?uii/iuo ?aoi?i a no?aia, iaania/eo ?ino o?iaiy
aeaaininoiyiey ianaeaiey, ?anoe?eo aiciiaeiinoe yooaeoeaiiai
eniieueciaaiey o?oaeiauo ?ano?nia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioaa?aoeey, iaaeaeoia?iaeiue ?uiie o?oaea,
iaaeaeoia?iaeiay o?oaeiaay iea?aoeey, yiea?aoeeiiiay iieeoeea, aiaoiyy
caiyoinoue, iaeaaaeueiay iea?aoeey, o?oaeiaua yiea?aiou, o?oaeiaua
eiiea?aiou, eiino?aiiay ?aai/ay neea.

ANNOTATION

O. M. Leontenko Integration of Ukraine in to the world labour market. –
Manuscript.

The thesis on the competition for academic degree of a candidate in
economic sciences on speciality 08.05.01 – world economy and economic
relations. Kiev National Economic University, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis contains scientific substantiation of the conceptual basis of
integration processes in the field of social and economic cooperation
labour market.

The process of the world labour market forming, the role and the place
of Ukraine in the international labour migration are also considered in
the thesis.

The complex of legal, economic and organisational measures, aimed at
rising of the external labour migration in Ukraine for the state
emigration policy improving are proposed in the thesis.

The scientifically-and-practical recommendations for the improvement the
organisational mechanism structure of the Ukrainian state migratory
politics are worked up in the thesis.

Key words: integration, international labour migration, international
labour market, migratory policy, external employment, illegal migration,
labour emigrants, labour immigrants, foreign labour force.

Похожие записи