14

?INOEOOO AA?A?II? AEIIII?EE

OE?A?INUeEA AEAAeAI?ss AA?A?IEO IAOE

A?a/ia Ieaa Aeieo?iae/

OAeE 631.15:001.8

?IOI?IAOe?EIA CAAACIA*AHHss OI?AAE?HHss HAOEIAI-OAOH?*HEI
I?IA?ANII O N?EUeNUeEIIO AINIIAeA?NOA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.02. — Aeiiii?ea oa oi?aae?iiy

iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii,

?iaanoeoe?ei?
oa ?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ioeane

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai??
aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe Naaeoe Iao?i O?ioeiiae/, ?inoeooo
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee, aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iai/aiei ?aaai A?eai?iae/,
I?aeia?iaeia oeiea a?ciano i?e Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinuee?e aeaaeai??, aeeiiaa/ee
aee?aeoi?

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oaneaiei A?eai??e Noaiaiiae/,
Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a
iaiaaeaeiaioo ? ia?eaoeiao, Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny » 24 » ethoiai 1999?. i 12-00 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee K.26.350.02 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee (252127, i.Ee?a-127, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 10, eiioa?aioe-cae,3-e iiaa?o).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 22 » n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
A.A.Ioe?i

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ae??oaeueiei oaeoi?ii, yeee coiiaeth? aeeiai?/iee
?icaeoie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i?ia?an (IOI).
Iniiaiei iieacieeii i?ia?ano a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? ?
??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? no/anieo oaoiieia?e, oaoi?ee, iiaeo
iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? e oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii, ye? aeathoue ciiao
aeinyaoe a?eueoi? aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?e caiuaaeaeaii?
cania?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny. Iaeiae iei?oiy e?eca aa?a?iiai naeoi?a
aeiiii?ee a iao?e e?a?i? aeaco? cie?aia ? ia iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaia
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeinyaiaiue IOI o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai.
A oae?e neooaoe?? aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ye?nii iiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei
oi?aae?iiy IOI, yeee ae caaacia/ea oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?eieo
iiaeeeainoae inoaiiueiai. Oiio c o?aooaaiiyi caei?aeiiiiai aeina?aeo, a
Oe?a?i? oi?io?oueny naiy nenoaia oi?aae?iiy IOI a AIE — i?iaiaeyoueny
?iaioe ii i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eii? ?
ai?iaaaeaeoaaeueii? neoaeae n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ye neeaaeiai?
/anoeie ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie Oe?a?ie.

??ciei aniaeoai IOI, o o./. canoinoaaiith ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee a
oi?aae?ii? i?enayoeee nai? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoi a?o/eciyieo
a/aieo. O??th /e ?ioith i??ith aiia ciaeoea a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ?iaioao
A.A.A?euenueeiai, I.A.A?aneaaoey, E.I.Aaoianueeiai, A.A.Eaae??anueeiai,
A.?.Eieanieea, I.Ae.Eioeyea, ?.A.E?aa/aiei, I.A.E?enaeueiiai,
I.O.E?iieaei, I.ss.Eooa?aea, ?.?.Eoe?iiaa, A.I.I?aee?naoeueeiai,
?.A.Iiiiaa, I.O.Naaeoea, A.E.Nee?oe, TH.A.Oeoiie?iaa, A.A.Oeoiiiaa,
A.A.TH?/eoeia, TH.A.sseiaoey, N.I.ssiiieuenueeiai oa ?ioeo iaoeiaoe?a.
Oe? oa ?io? a/ai? iinoaaeee oa ae??oeee cia/i? iaoeia? caaaeaiiy, ui
noinothoueny ieoaiue caaaeueii? oai??? oa iaoiaeieia?/ieo aniaeo?a
?icaeoeo IOI a aeiiii?oe? acaaae? ? a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? cie?aia.

I?ioa aei oeueiai /ano a Oe?a?i? i?aeoe/ii ia aeine?aeaeoaaeenue oeyoe
oa iaoiaee cae?eniaiiy ooieoe?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy IOI a aa?a?iiio
naeoi??, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee ?eieia?e aeiiii?/i?e nenoai?, ui
neeaaea?oueny. Caeeoathoueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie oaeoi?e nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaeooue
aooe i?eaaaeai? a ae?th an? neeaaeia? IOI c iaoith ?o eiiieaeniiai
aeei?enoaiiy. Cie?aia oea ieoaiiy aiae?co noaio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy ae?iaie/eo, na?a?nieo oa oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE,
i?iaeaie cai?o, ia?iaee ? ia?aaea/? a?aeiiinoae niiaeeaa/ai, oeyoe ?
iaoiaee i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo ?ia?o oa ?i. Oaeee noai oiaiiaeeeaeth?
aoaeoeaiee ?icaeoie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ??ai?
?aa?ii?a, a i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee
iaa?oioiaaieo i?iiiceoe?e oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ae??oaiiy oeeo
ieoaiue. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
oi?aae?iiy IOI ia? ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy, ui ?iaeoue ??
iniaeeai aeooaeueiith. Naia oea coiiaeei aea?? oaie, no?oeoo?io
iiaoaeiao aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oa ?? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?enithaaeeny ca?aeii c oaiaoe/ieie ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
i?iaeoii-oaoiieia?/ieo ?ia?o a?aeae?eo ?ioi?iaoeee ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI ? aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycai? c aeeiiaiiyi i?aei?ia?aie
«?ioi?iaoecaoe?y aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei
?eieo» iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe
ia 1996-2000 ??. «Iaoeia? iniiae aa?a?ii? iie?oeee o?ainoi?ioaaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a ?eieia? oiiae»,
caoaa?aeaeaii? iinoaiiaith I?aceae?? OAAI a?ae 28 a?oaeiy 1996 ?ieo ?21.
I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia ea?oaaiiy IOI oa ?ioi?iaoe?eia
caaacia/aiiy ae?iaie/eo, ia?a?iaieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? a
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? neoaeaa i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa Euea?anueei? iaeano?, cie?aia
Ionoiieo?anueeiai ?aeiio.

?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee caaaeai? aeai?
I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, Ionoiieo?anueeiai ?aeiiiiai oi?aae?iiy
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? i?iaeiaieuenoaa, ?ioi?iaoe?y c?a?aia a
?acoeueoao? iieooaaiue ? ianoaaeaiue ae?iaiee?a, ye? aeeiioaaeenue
caeiaoaa/ai ? ni?a?ia?oieeaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eieo oeaio??a.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae
i?ciaiiy, aeiiii?/ia oaip?y, ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a
Oe?a?ie oa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy IOI oa
?ioi?iaoecaoe??, caeipaeiiiee aeina?ae ipaai?caoe?? neoaea i?iiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI e ?ioi?ioaaiiy a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo nenoai a ?ioeo
aaeocyo a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee.

A aeine?aeaeaii? canoiniaoaaeenue oae? iaoiaee ? i?eeiie aeiiii?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue: aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iee, iiiia?ao?/iee, ii??aiyiue,
aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, aenia?eiaioaeueiee, ?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiee,
nioe?ieia?/iee.

Iaoa ? iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea i?iiiceoe?e ii ipaai?caoe?? nenoaie ea?oaaiiy IOI oa
?ioi?ioaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

A?aeiia?aeii iao? a aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeai? oa ae??oaii? oae? caaaeaiiy:

— ?ice?eoi ?ieue ? i?noea ?ioi?iaoe?? a oiiaao IOI o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?;

— aecia/aii iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy e oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino?
aea?aeaaii? nenoaie i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy a aa?a?iiio naeoip? a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee;

— i?iaiae?ciaaii ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue HOI e
?ioi?ioaaiiy ae?iaiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaeapnueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a ?eieiaeo
oiiaao;

— i?iaiae?ciaaii ?ioi?iaoe?eia iiea ooieoe?thaaiiy ae?iaie/eo,
ia?a?iaieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE;

— iaa?oioiaaii iiiaieeaoo?o ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iineoa aea?aeaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eii? ? ai?iaaaeaeoaaeueii? neoaeae;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii oaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiai-eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

— ii?aoeueiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy IOI o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe oa?aeoa?eco? eiiieaenia aea/aiiy
? iaa?oiooaaiiy iai?yi?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai
oi?aae?iiy IOI a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? ia
?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. O i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaii? iiaecia iieyaa? a
ocaaaeueiaii? aeina?aeo ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio i?iiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy ? ia oe?e iniia? ?ic?iaoe? i?iiiceoe?e
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? aea?aeaaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy IOI o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy io?eiaii oae? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? iathoue
iaoeiao iiaecio ? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— aeniiaie, ui ?ioi?iaoe?y ? ia o?eueee ?ano?nii noni?eueii? i?aoe?, a e
?ioaa?aoi?ii an?o ?ioeo ?ano?n?a, noeioeth? aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
inoaii?o. A ca’yceo c oeei a no/anieo oiiaao i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii?
aeinyaiaiue IOI o ae?iaieoeoai cia/ii c?inoa? ?ieue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeoi?o;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy aeae?a ?ioi?iaoe??, yeeo ia no/aniiio aoai? iaea?eueoa
iio?aaothoue ae?iaieee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??;

— aecia/aiiy neeaaeiaeo eaiae?a iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei
ae?iaie/eo, ia?a?iaieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE e iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeniiaeo, ui a?eueoo /anoeio ?ioi?iaoe?? aei ae?iaiee?a iio??aii
aeiaiaeeoe /a?ac «iina?aaeieea»;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy iiiaieeaoo?e iineoa aea?aeaaii? neoaeae i?iiaaaiaee IOI
e ?ioi?ioaaiiy oa eeaneo?eaoe?y oeeo iineoa ia caaaeuei? e niaoe?aeuei?;

— aecia/aiiy iniiaieo oeyo?a oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? ?aeiiieo ?EI, ?o ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio, eaae?iaiio,
i?ia?aiiiio ? oaoi?/iiio iniauaii?;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie
ea?oaaiiy IOI o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ?
ocaaaeueiaiiy, i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a aeei?enoai? a i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii noai?aiith
Aea?aeaaii? nenoaie iaaeaiiy eiinoeueoaoe?eieo iineoa, inai?iiy oa
i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a aa?ii?iieneiaiio
ae?iaieoeoa? Oe?a?ie. Aeei?enoaiiy ?o ia i?aeoeoe? caaacia/eoue
aoaeoeaia oi?aae?iiy IOI, ni?eyoeia i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
na?aaeiaeua aeey aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa a iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo iai?yi?a
ea?oaaiiy IOI o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? oeyoii
i?aai?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. Aaoi?
aeine?aeea iio?aae ae?iaiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a
?ioi?iaoe?? oa eaiaee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? aei ae?iaie/eo,
na?a?nieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE. Cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? neoaeae ?ioipioaaiiy e ipiiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ai?iaiaai? i?e
noai?aii? oa ae?yeueiino? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaeaniiai
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai oeaio?o i?e ?inoeooo? caiea?ianoaa ?
a?ieia?? oaa?ei OAAI oa oeaio?o iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa i?e Iieoaanuee?e iaeani?e aeine?aei?e noaioe?? IAI «Ae?oa».
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia can?aeaiiyo
a?aeae?eaiiy o?iain?a ? o?iainiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?AA OAAI i?ioyaii
1995-1998 ??., aeaye? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue
ia iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie ?ioi?iaoecaoe??
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei» (i.
Ee?a, 1995?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? o 7
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, caaaeueiei ianyaii 1.71 o.ae.a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 166
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a
(9 ia?aa?ao?a), aeniiae?a; aeeth/a? 20 oaaeeoeue, 3 ?enoiee, 4
aeiaeaoee. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 147
iaeiaioaaiue. No?oeoo?a ?iaioe:

Anooi

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii
o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?. 1.1. I?noea ? ?ieue
?ioi?iaoe?? a oiiaao IOI o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.
1.2. I?aai?caoe?eia iiaoaeiaa nenoaie ?ioi?ioaaiiy oa i?iiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee. 1.3. Ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae
i?aai?caoe?? i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy ae?iaiee?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

?icae?e 2. Aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. 2.1. Aeyaeaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa ae?iaiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.
2.2. Aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a, ye? iaaeoiaeyoue aei i?aei?e?inoa
AIE. 2.3. Iniaeeaino? eeaneo?eaoe?? iiiaieeaoo?e iineoa aea?aeaaii?
nenoaie i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy.

?icae?e 3. Iai?yie caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy IOI o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?. 3.1. I?aai?caoe?y
nenoaie iaoeiai-?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ? eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.
3.2. Oaoi?/ia ? i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eieo ? ai?iaaaeaeoaaeueieo oeaio??a oa
ioieo?a. 3.3. Iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? nenoaie ?ioi?ioaaiiy oa i?iiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI.

Aeniiaee. Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
i?iapanii o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?» ?icaeyiooi ?ieue ?
i?noea ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? aeinyaiaiue IOI o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai, ?ice?eoi ipaai?caoe?eio iiaoaeiao
nenoaie ipiiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee iaoi?
e?a?ie, i?iaiae?ciaaii ?iaioo iiae?aieo neoaea a ?ioeo e?a?iao, ye? a
peieiaeo oiiaao cae?eniththoue ooieoe?? i?iiaaaiaee oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy.

Ia no/aniiio aoai? p?aaiue iaoeiaeo ? oaoi?/ieo ciaiue oao?aoe?a, ye?
ipaoeththoue c iia?oi?ie aeinyaiaiiyie a noa?? i?aai?caoe??, aeiiii?ee,
oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?e iap?aeei ? iaaeinoaoi?e. A ?acoeueoao? no/ani?
iaaeaaiiy a oeeo iai?yiao ia ui aaea aeopa/aii cia/i? eiooe, a
eiie?aoieo oiiaao ae?iaieoeoaa /anoi aai «aenieoaoothoueny» ia ia iiaio
iiooaei?noue, aai «i?aeaaiythoueny» i?ae ?aaeueiee ??aaiue eaae?o?eaoe??
oeeo oao?aoe?a. Ep?i oiai iaaeinoaoiy ii?ioi?iiaai?noue a?o/eciyieo
?ic?iaiee?a iiai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee, oaoiieia?e,
iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? e oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii ? ipe/eiith oiai, ui
?acoeueoaoe ?oiuei? i?aoe? cacaeaeaa?aeue ipepa/ai? ia ii?aeueio
canoa??e?noue. Aiane?aeie ia ?eieo aiie ? iaeiieo?aioini?iiiaeieie
ii??aiyii c aiaeiaaie, ui ae?iaeai? ca ei?aeiiii. Oiio aeooaeueiei ?
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ina?oe i?aoe?aiee?a, ui caeiyo? a
oea?ei? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa, oeyoii i?aai?caoe??
iapiaiaioiiai ?o iaa/aiiy (aeeth/ath/e e naiiina?oo). I?aeaioiaea oeeo
niaoe?ae?no?a iaiiaeeeaa aac aeinoia??ii? ? iia?aoeaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
no/ani? a?o/eciyi? oa ca?oa?aei? aeinyaiaiiy a i?aai?caoe??, aeiiii?oe?,
?ic?iaeao iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? oaoi?ee.

Aeeiai?ea IOI a no/anieo oiiaao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?ia?aneaiei
nei?i/aiiyi oa?i?i?a /ano i?ae oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?iaeaie oa ?o ipaeoe/iei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a oi?aae?iiy, i?aai?caoe?th oa ?iaeaia?i? ??oaiiy. Aea
oea o?eueee caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y. Ia ipaeoeoe? ae ia?ii aace?/
i?eeeaae?a, eiee cia/i? aeiaoiaee oa iaoeia? a?aee?eooy aeanyoe??//yie
caeeoathoueny eeoa ia iaia??, ia ciaoiaey/e naiai ipaeoe/iiai
canoinoaaiiy.

Ioaea, o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?ioi?iaoe?y ? ia o?eueee iaeiei ?c
iniiaieo ?ano?n?a noni?eueii? i?aoe?, a e aenooia? ?ioaa?aoi?ii ?
iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeei?enoaiiy an?o ?ioeo ?ano?n?a. Oiio ia no/aniiio
aoai? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeinyaiaiue IOI o ae?iaieoeoai cia/aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeoi?o iaaoaa? aeaaeae? a?eueoo ?ieue. Oaea neooaoe?y
aeiaaa? i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie «iaoea-ae?iaieoeoai», yea a c
iaeneiaeueiith iiaiioith caaacia/oaaea aeei?enoaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? anueiai
ianyao iaeiie/aieo iaoeiaeo ciaiue ? oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue.

Aiae?c iieacaa, ui a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee NOA, Eaiaaee,
i?ia?aeieo ?a?iiaenueeeo oa ?ioeo e?a?i (ca aeaieie i?aeia?iaeieo
aenia?o?a o 115 aea?aeaaao) i?iiaaaiaea aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a aoaeoeaii cae?eniththoueny noa’?eoaie, ye aea?aeaaiiai
oae ? i?eaaoiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee. Aea iaea?eueo iiaii
caaeiaieueiythoue ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iio?aae aaiiaio?a neoaeae, ae?yeuei?noue
yeeo iiai?noth aai /anoeiai o?iaino?oueny aea?aeaaith.

I?e aea/aii? no?oeoo?e aea?aeaaii? nenoaie i?iiaaaiaee IOI oa
?ioi?ioaaiiy a AIE Oe?a?ie, iaie eiinoaoiaaii a?aenooi?noue aaeocaaeo ?
oa?eoi??aeueieo i?aai?a iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ?niothoue eeoa
?ic??ciai? naaiaioe ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, ye? ia
ni?iiiaei? caaeiaieueieoe oaeaeei c?inoath/? iio?aae ae?iaie/eo,
na?a?nieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e «Aiae?c ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei i?ia?anii o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?» i?enay/aiee
aeyaeaiith iiopaa aapap??a a iaiao?aei?e ?ioipiaoe??, aeine?aeaeaiith
eaiae?a iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? aei i?aei?e?inoa AIE,
eeaneo?eaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iineoa aea?aeaaii? nenoaie i?iiaaaiaee
aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aa ae?iaiee?a a iaiao?aei?e ?ioi?iaoe??
aoa c?iaeaiee aeniiaie, ui i?aai?caoe??, eieaeoeai? i?aei?e?inoaa oa
oa?ia?nuee? ainiiaea?noaa a?aeiia?aeii aei caaaeaiue oa ooieoe?e
iineoaiaothoueny nai?th niaoe?ae?ciaaiith ?ioi?iaoe??th. Ipioa,
iacaaaeath/e ia a?aei?iiino? i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/ieo cii oa
niaoe?ae?caoe?? ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? eiaeiiai c ieo, iio?aao a
?ioi?iaoe?? aiie a?ae/oaathoue iaeiaeiai aino?i. Iieooaaiiy
i?aaenoaaiee?a ae?iaie/eo, ia?a?iaieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE a
??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie iieacaee, ui iaea?eueo-a?ae/ooiei ? aeao?oeeo
?ioi?iaoe?? a i?aaia?e, iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e oa eiia?oe?ei?e noa?ao.

Aiae?c eaiae?a iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei ae?iaiee?a aeicaieea
aecia/eoe neeaaeia? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iioie?a. A naia:

— oaeoi?e ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua (niiaeeaa/?, eiieopaioe,

aeapaeaai? i?aaie, iinoa/aeueieee, o?iainia? ipaai?caoe??, aeaeapaea
opoaeiaeo panopn?a oiui);

— ?ioi?iaoe?ei? aeaea?aea (ca?oe, ioae?eaoe??, eiii’thoa?i? oaeee,
o?eueie, i?e?io?eueie, iaai?oi? no??/ee, iaethiee, oioia?ao??, a?ao?ee
oa ?i.);

— eiioi?eaoe?ei? caniae oa aeaeiaeuii-ina?oi? i??ii?e?inoaa (caniae
ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, oaeaoii, oaen, iiooa, aeaeopiii? eiioi?eaoe??,
aenoaaee, ypiapee, nai?ia?e, ia?aaee, eo?ne i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
oiui);

— aaciina?aaei? niiaeeaa/? ?ioi?iaoe??.

I?e ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?niothoue oae caai? ooie. Ia iia? oai???
?ioi?iaoe?? ooiii iaceaa?oueny ana oa, ui niioai?th? ci?no. Ooie a
a?eueo?e aai iaio?e i??? i?enooi? caaaeaee, ui ni?e/eith? aeayea
niioai?aiiy ci?noo ia eiaeiiio aoai? ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, iaea?eueoa —
ia aoai? eiioi?eaoe?e. Oiio aeey nai?/aniiai iaea?aeaiiy ae?iaieeaie
iia?aoeaii? oa aeinoia??ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iaiao?aeii, i?eiaei? ?? /anoeio,
aeiaiaeeoe /a?ac «iina?aaeiee?a», ye? i?aaeththoue aieea ooi?a (?en.1).

?en.1. Aeiaaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei ae?iaiee?a /a?ac iina?aaeieea

A yeino? iina?aaeiee?a ?icaeyaeaeenue: 1) eiinaeoeiaia? no?oeoo?e; 2)
aeu? e niaoe?aeuei? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee; 3) i?eaaoi?
aenia?oe-eiinoeueoaioe; 4) th?eaee/i? o??ie; 5) anioe?aoe?? oa?ia??a; 6)
oaea?aae?i eiiiai??; 7) aea?aeaai? i?aaie aaeocaaiai oi?aae?iiy; 8)
aea?aeaaia nenoaia i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui
iina?aaeieeii, yeee ciiaea iaea?eueo iiaii ae??oeoe ?ioi?iaoe?ei? caieoe
aa?a???a ? aea?aeaaia neoaeaa i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa
?ioi?ioaaiiy (oaae.1). ?ioi?iaoe?ei? iineoae, ye? aeeiioaaoeia neoaeaa,
iathoue aeeoa?aioe?thaaoenue ia caaaeuei? oa niaoe?aeuei?.

Oaaeeoey 1. Caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa ae?iaiee?a
«iina?aaeieeaie» ii aeaeai aeaieo

Oeyoe iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeaieoaaciina-/a?ac
iina?aaeiee?a?aaeiuei12345678Aeiiii?/iaI?iaiicia
++-++—++Ieaiiaa
+—+-+-++I?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/a++++-+-++Iae?eiai-aiae?oe/ia
-+—+-+-+Ii?iaoeaia —-+—+?eieiaa (eii’thieoo?ia)
-+-+—++Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iaOaoiieia?/ia -++—++-+Oaoi?/ia
-+-++-+-+Aa?ia?ieia?/ia —+—+—+Ciioaoi?/ia
+—++-+++Iaoai?ieia?/ia +++—+—+O?i?/ia
—++-+-++Caeiiiaeaa/a -+—+-+-+A?ieia?/ia
—+-+—+Aaoa?eia?ia —+-+-++Ciieia?/ia
———+Aeaeo?ioaoi?/ia —-+-+-+Aapiiii?/ia
—+-+—+Iaaee/ia —++-+—+

+ — caaeia?eueia ae??oaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iio?aa ae?iaiee?a;

— — iacaaeiaieaiiy iio?aa a ?ioi?iaoe??

Caaaeuei? iineoae iaaeaaaoeiooueny an?i aaiiaioai ? aeeiioaaoeiooueny
aeey ieo aacieaoii. Aeeiiaiiy iineoa niaoe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ia?
ia?aaeaa/aoe ?o iieaoo (oaae.2).

Oaaeeoey 2. Aeaee ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy aaiiaio?a aeapaeaaiith
nenoaiith ?ioipioaaiiy oa ipiiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue HOI

Ianeoaiaoaaiiy caaaeueia aeey Iineoae niaoe?aeueiiai an?o
aaiiaio?a oa?aeoa?o * Iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
i?iiaaaiaea* Eiinoeueooaaiiy c iiaeaoeiai- * O/anoue a piaio? ipaai?a
o?iainiai-iae?eiaeo ieoaiue oipaae?iiy * Aeyaeaiiy
oa oi?ioaaiiy * Aca?iiae?y c noa’?eoaie no?aoaa?? eiieo?aioii?
ia?a- ?ioipiaoe?eiiai napa?no an?o aaae oipi
aeaniino? * A?aea?p iioeiaeueieo oaoiiei- * I?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? a?e oa ?ioipiaoe?? c oaoii- ainiiaeapiee?a
eia?/ieo ieoaiue * ?icneeea aiae?oe/ieo ? nea-*
I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii iaeueieo iia?aeiieaiue, ye?
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? i?iaieoaaoeiooue caieoe
ae?iaieoeoa oa oaoiieia?e ae?iaiee?a * Aeeiiaiiy
iinapaaeieoeueeeo * ?ao?iniaeoeaiee iiooe a?aei- ooieoe?e c iaoith
iaeaaiaeaeaiiy iinoae a AAe oa oi?ioaaiiy ae?eiai? aeoeaiino?
aepia- ?o o?aaiaio?a ia iaai?oieo iee?a
iin?yo * Oi?ioaaiiy iaeao?a caiiaeaiue* Aeione
?ioi?iaoe?eieo athea- aeey iaoeiaeo onoaiia oai?a
* Ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy * ?aae?caoe?y iiia?aaeiuei
pic- * ?aeeaii? eaiiai?? piaeaieo niaoe?aeueieo eii- *
?icpiaea nenoai ? iaoiae?a noeueoaoe?eieo i?ia?ai aiae?co
ioi/oth/iai napaaeiae-* Ia??iaee/i? eiinoeueooaaiiy ua
aaiiaio?a:
— ae?ci?; — oaeaoiiii;
— a io?n?
I?e aecia/aii? pici?po iieaoe ca iaaeaio
?ioi?iaoe?th iiop?aii apaoiaoaaoe aaaaoi oaeoip?a, o oiio /ene?,
ipepiaeo iineoa, ui aeeiioaaoeiooueny, /an, yeee iaiao?aeiee aeey ?o
ae??oaiiy, aeina?ae eiinoeueoaio?a, ?o iiaeeeaino? oa oao, nooi?iue
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, eio?o ipeeiaoeia ia naaa neoaeaa oa aeaiaeo, ui
aoaeooue iaeapaeoaaoe ae?iaieee a?ae aeeipenoaiiy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe??.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iai?yie caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy IOI o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?» ii?aoeueiaaii oeyoe
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ?
iaoeiai-eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy caaacia/aiiy
aoaeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? oa iieacieee aoaeoeaiino? iaeanieo/?aa?iiaeueieo
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eieo oeaio??a (?EOe) oa ?aeiiieo ioieo?a
(?EI).

Neoaeaa ia? aca?iiae?yoe c noa’?eoaie ?ioipiaoe?eiiai napa?no ??cieo
oipi aeaniino?. I?e i?aai?caoe?? neoaeae ia? canoiniaoaaoenue
aaaaoiaa??aioiee ? aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiee i?eioeeie. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo
no?oeoo?a oa caaaeaiiy ?EOe oa ?EI aoaeooue ia oeiiaeie, a
a?aeiia?aeaoeiooue iniaeeainoyi ?aa?ii?a ? iio?aaai ae?iaiee?a, ui
caaacia/eoue ??cii??aei?noue oi?i ? iaoiae?a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? oi?ioaaiiy neoaeae aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iayaiee
iioaioe?ae iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo iicoeooo?a, aeine?aeieo noaioe?e,
ia?aaeiaeo eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noa, oa ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e ?
i?aei?e?inoa. Oe? onoaiiae aoaeooue ooiaeaoi?aie ?EOe oa ?EI, ye? a
oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaoeiooue noaoon ?oi?o no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a.
Aecia/ai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?eoa??? aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe
?ioi?iaoe?eieo no?oeoo?, oa, ui iaoeia? ? aeine?aei? caeeaaee ?niothoue
ia a eiaeiiio ?aa?ii?, a oaeiae oa, ui eiioi?eaoe?ei? oeyoe,
o?iainiai-aaie?anueea nenoaia oa eiioi?eaoe?ei? eaiaee i???ioiaai? ia
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiee iiae?e aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
?ici?uoaaoe ?EOe oa ?EI ne?ae a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo oeaio?ao. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeo iniiaith aeey i?aai?caoe?? ?EOe oa ?EI iathoue ?icaeyaeaoenue
oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa i i?iaeiaieuenoaa.

O ooao? neoaeae iathoue i?aoethaaoe ye niaoe?ae?noe c ieoaiue
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, oae ? c ?ioeo i?iaeai. Iaeiae, ia ia?oiio
aoai?, ?EOe ? ?EI aeioe?eueii eiiieaeooaaoe o?eueee niaoeiaeinoaie c
ia?eaoeiao oa iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo aenia?oe
caeo/aoeiooueny a?ae noi?iii?o i?aai?caoe?e ? i?aei?e?inoa. I?e oae?e
no?oeoo?? oi?aae?iiy, c ianyaii ?iaioe ia ?aeiiiiio ??ai? aii?athoueny
4-5 niia?iaioieee, a aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ia ??ai? iaeano?
(?aa?iio) caaacia/aoue 10-12 niaoe?ae?no?a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue, ye? aenoaathoueny ia?aae neoaeaith, ??
no?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee iiaeii? eiiieaeooaaoeny caniaaie i?aai?caoe?eii?
oa ia/enethaaeueii? oaoi?ee. Oaeiae iaiao?aeii ia’?aeiaoe ?EOe oa ?EI ca
aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiii? ia?aae?, ui, e??i anueiai ?ioiai, aeicaieeoue
aa?a?iiio naeoi?o aeiiii?ee iaoi? e?a?ie ?ioaa?oaaoenue o na?oiaee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ino??.

Aeaea?aeaie o?iainoaaiiy neoaeae iiaeooue ?icaeyaeaoenue athaeaeaoe
aea?aeaaieo ? i?noeaaeo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy, iaoe?iiaeuei? oa
i?aeia?iaei? ?iiiaaoe?ei? oiiaee, a?ae?aooaaiiy a?ae aeioiae?a
ae?iaiee?a ca ?aae?ciaaio i?iaeoeoe?th, ieaoa ca aeeiiaii? neoaeaith
iineoae.

Cia/i? iaoa??aeuei?, o?iainia? oa o?oaeia? aeo?aoe i?e noai?aii?
aea?aeaaii? nenoaie i?iiaaaiaee oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy iaoiiaeththoue
iaiao?aei?noue ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ?? no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a. Oiio
iathoue aeeiioaaoenue nenoaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o ?iaioe. Na?aae iniiaieo
e?eoa???a ioe?iee aoaeoo iiaeii? aooe:

— no?ie ieoiiino? aeo?ao ia i?aai?caoe?th ?EOe oa ?EI;

— ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ?ioi?iaoe??, yea aeioneaoeiaoueny;

— i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? oa
i?iaeoeoeaiino? oaa?ei a ainiiaea?noaao ia ye? aoaea iioe?thaaoenue
aieea ae?yeueiino? ?EOe aai ?EI;

— cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeioneaoeiooue ae?iaieee.

AENIIAEE ? I?IIICEOe??

1. ?ioi?iaoe?y ? ia o?eueee iaeiei ?c iniiaieo ?ano?n?a noni?eueii?
i?aoe?, a e aenooia? ?ioaa?aoi?ii ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeei?enoaiiy
eiaeiiai c ieo. Oiio ia no/aniiio aoai? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa?
?ioi?iaoe?eiee aniaeo oi?aae?iiy IOI.

2. A aa?ii?iieneiaiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee iaoi? e?a?ie ie?ai? naaiaioe
no?oeoo?e ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ae?iaiee?a ? ia?aoe?iiaeueieie ?
ia caaeiaieueiythoue c?inoath/eo iio?aa.

3 Ia no/aniiio aoai? ?ioi?iaoe?eia caeaaei?noue oiaa?iae?iaiee?a
iaeiaeiai aino?a a ??cieo ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie. Iaea?eueoee aeao?oeeo ?nio?
ia i?aaia?, iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? oa eiia?oe?ei? aeai?.

4. Aeey nai?/aniiai, aae?aniiai aeiaaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? aei ae?iaiee?a
iaiao?aeii, i?eiaei? ?? /anoeio, iaaeaaaoe /a?ac «iina?aaeiee?a».
Iioeiaeueiei iina?aaeieeii ? aea?aeaaia neoaeaa i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue
IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy.

5. Neoaeaa iiaeiia cae?enithaaoe ??ci? aeaee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iineoa —
/anoeia ia? aooe caaaeueiith aeey an?o aaiiaio?a, a i?e iio?aa?, ia ?o
caiiaeaiiy, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?ei? oeaio?e e ioieoe iiaeii? aooe
caeaoieie aeeiioaaoe niaoe?aeuei? iineoae.

6. Neoaeaa i?iiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy ia? ooieoe?thaaoe
ia an?o ??aiyo aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaeoccth, a ?? no?oeoo?i?
i?ae?icae?ee iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe aeoiaey/e c i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a. Iniiaiei niiniaii noai?aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eieo oeaio??a oa ioieo?a ia? noaoe
?aoi?ioaaiiy aaeocaaeo i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy AIE.

7. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy IOI oa ?ioi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeeo
ae?iaiee?a neoaeaa ia? eiiieaeooaaoenue no/anieie caniaaie
ia/enethaaeueii?, i?aai?caoe?eii? oa oaeaeiioi?eaoe?eii? oaoi?ee.

8. I?e i?aai?caoe?? neoaeae iaiao?aeii eiiieaenii ioe?ithaaoe ??
aoaeoeai?noue. A ia?niaeoea? iathoue aeeiioaaoenue nenoaii?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe ?? no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a.

IIOAE?EIAAI? ?IAIOE II OAI? AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eii? ai?iaaaeaeoaaeueii? neoaeae AIE Oe?a?ie
// Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie. — 1997, ?4. — N.90-91 (0,27 o.ae.a.).

2. Ianeoaiaoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e i?e i?aai?caoe?? nenoaie
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iineoa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? // A?niee aa?a?ii?
iaoee. — 1997, ?12. — N.69-70 (0,17 o.ae.a.).

3. Noai?eoe eiinoeueoaoe?eio neoaeao AIE // Caiey ? ethaee Oe?a?ie. —
1996, ?4-5. — N.18-22 (0,11 o.ae.a.).

4. Oeyoe ?ioi?iaoe?eii? caaacia/aiino? i?aei?e?inoa AIE // A?niee
aa?a?ii? iaoee. — 1997, ?2. — N.77-78 (0,25 o.ae.a.).

5. Oi?ioaaiiy ianeao ?ioi?iaoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a aeey eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai
caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa AIE // Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie. — 1988, ?2. —
N.86-87 (0,27 o.ae.a.).

6. Iniaeeaino? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy
i?aoe?aiee?a aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno // Oe?a?inueea naei o 20-90
?ieao XX noie?ooy (ei?ioeee ?noi?eei-aeiiii?/iee ia?en). — E.:
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. — 1998. — N.93-98 (0,47 o.ae.a.).

7. Iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eii? neoaeae n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa //
I?iaeaie ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: Oace aeii. iaoe.-ae?ia. eiioa?aioe??. — E., 1995. —
N.25-26 (0,17 o.ae.a.).

AIIOAOe?ss

A?a/ia I.Ae. ?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
i?ia?anii o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 08.02.02. — Aeiiii?ea oa oi?aae?iiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei
i?ia?anii, ?iaanoeoe?ei? oa ?iiiaaoe?ei? i?ioeane. ?inoeooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI, Ee?a, 1998.

Aaoi? c?iaea ni?iao iae?aneeoe aieiai? iai?yie ea?oaaiiy IOI o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oeyoii i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiia?aeiiai iiaei
oiiaai ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai na?aaeiaeua. A a?aeoae
aeine?aeaeaii iio?aae ae?iaiee?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe?? a
iaiao?aei?e ?ioi?iaoe?? oa eaiaee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? aei
ae?iaie/eo, na?a?nieo ? oi?aae?inueeeo no?oeoo? AIE, cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? neoaeae ipiiaaaiaee aeinyaiaiue IOI oa
?ioipioaaiiy oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioi?iaoe?y, oiaa?iae?iaieee, neoaeaa, ?aa?iiaeueiee
??aaiue.

A?a/ia I.Ae. Eioi?iaoeeiiiia iaania/aiea oi?aaeaiey iao/ii-oaoie/aneei
i?ia?annii a naeueneii oicyenoaa.

Aeenna?oaoeey yaeyaony ?oeiienueth.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.02. — Yeiiiieea e oi?aaeaiea iao/ii-oaoie/aneei
i?ia?annii, eiaanoeoeeiiiua e eiiiaaoeeiiiua i?ioeannu. Einoeooo
aa?a?iie yeiiiieee OAAI, Eeaa, 1998.

Aaoi?ii inouanoaeaia iiiuoea ii?aaeaeeoue iniiaiua iooe oi?aaeaiey IOI a
naeueneii oicyenoaa ioo?i i?aaiecaoeee aaeaeaaoiiai iiaui oneiaeyi
oicyenoaiaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiiai i?ino?ainoaa. A eiaiii, enneaaeiaaiu
iio?aaiinoe i?iecaiaeeoaeae naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a
iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee e eaiaeu iinooieaiey yoie eioi?iaoeee e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiui, na?aeniui e oi?aaeai/aneei no?oeoo?ai AIE,
i?aaeeiaeaiu iooe niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?aaiecaoeee neoaeau ipiiaaaiaeu
aeinoeaeaiee IOI e eioipie?iaaiey oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaeae ia ?aaeiiaeueiii
o?iaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioi?iaoeey, oiaa?ii?iecaiaeeoaee, neoaeaa,
?aaeiiaeueiue o?iaaiue.

Grachov O.D. Information maintenanse of management by scientific and
technical progress in agriculture.

Dissertation is the manuscript.

Dissertation on receive scientific degree the candidate of economics
sciences on speciality 08.02.02. — Economics and management by
scientific and technical progress, investment and innovatory proneses.
Institute of Agrarian economics of UAAS, Kyiv, 1998.

In the work author tried to define principal ways of management by
scientific and technical progress in agriculture through organization of
informative space. The information needed by agricultural producers has
been studid as well as the ways of receiving this information de
industrial, service and managerial structures. The author also proposes
ways and methods of developing information and promotion services on
regional level.

Kay words: information, agricultural producers, service, regional level.

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