EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

?INOEOOO AEO?IAE?NOEEE

AIssI A?oa Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 070:621.397.6

?IOI?IAOe?EIA OAEAA?C?EIA I?IA?AIA:

OEIIEIA?*IA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA,

IA?AIAO?E Ae?ssEUeIINO? AEO?IAE?NOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.01.08 — aeo?iae?noeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aeo?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

UA?AAOTHE Oaia?a Aieiaeeie??aia,

?inoeooo aeo?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
eaoaae?a oaeaaa/aiiy ? ?aae?iiiaeaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OEEss? Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo aeo?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aeia?iaeii? aeo?iae?noeee;

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?AAITHE Na?a?e Naiaiiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao “Ee?ai-Iiaeeyinueea aeaaeai?y”,

?aeoi?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

EUeA?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? ?AAIA O?AIEA.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 17 a?oaeiy 1999 ?. ia 11 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.34 i?e Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 254119, Ee?a-119, aoe. Iaeueieeiaa,
36/1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252033, Ee?a-33, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A.O.?AAIIA

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

?noi??y ci?i oa ?ai?aai?caoe?e o no?oeoo?? oe?a?inueeiai oaeaaa/aiiy,
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai a Oe?a?i? — oea
?aaeueia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa, yea i?aaioei, c iaeiiai
aieo, eiio?iethaaoe iioe?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe??, c ?ioiai — naiiio
aeaeici?ithaaoeny i?ae aieeaii ?ioi?iaoe??. Aeey oe?a?inueeeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai i?ioyaii ia?oi? iieiaeie 90-o ?ie?a caaaeaee
aoei aeanoeaei oa, ui ?o ia”?aeioaaei, a naia: ?aeay iacaeaaeiino? oa
iaoe?iiaeueii? ao?eaooeee, yea iinooiiai ia?aeoea a?ae
eoeueoo?ii-noeai?/iiai “caa?aaaiiy” aei ae?eniiai iiaii-iie?oe/iiai
noaoono. Oaeiae oeiiaei aoei oa, ui aiie, ?nioth/e a ?aeei?e nenoai?
CI?, a?aecia/aeeny iniaeeaith iaoiaeeeith iiaea/? iaoa??aeo, iiooeii oa
ao?eaiiyi iiaeo eiioi?eaoeaieo ?aeae aai aaeaioaoe??th caiice/aieo ?c
aeina?aeo na?oiaiai oaeaaa/aiiy. Oaeei /eiii, o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeai? ia??iaeii ?c na?iiy 1991 ?ieo ii a?oaeaiue
1996 ?ieo, eiee c i?eeiyooyi “Aeoo i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie”
caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? Oe?a?ie io?eiaee iiaee noaoon iaoe?iiaeueieo,
ui cana?ae/oaaei naiiaeinoaoi?noue ? iacaeaaei?noue a?ae eieeoi?o
nithcieo aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy, ?icaeoie ian-iaae?a a nenoai? na?oiaiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o, aca?iica”ycie iiai? aea?aeaae ? CI?. I?ioyaii
oeeo ?ie?a aeieeaee iia? iie?oe/i? oa aeiiii?/i? no?oeoo?e, iia?
noa”?eoe ? ia”?eoe oaea?eieo — an? oe? /eiieee cae?enithaaee iaaaeyeee
aieea ia caaaeueio no?oeoo?ecaoe?th ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy a
Oe?a?i?. Iai?ee?ioe? 1996 ?ieo, caaaeyee i?eeiyooth ?yaeo caeii?a, ui
?aaeaiaioothoue ae?yeuei?noue CI? Oe?a?ie, i?iaaaeaiith oeaio?ae?ciaaii?
nenoaie e?oeaicoaaiiy aoea noi?iiaaia no?oeoo?a oe?a?inueeiai
oaeaaa/aiiy, aei yei? oa?eoee aea?aeaai? ? iaaea?aeaai?, a caiaeii — ?
noni?euei? oaeai?aai?caoe??. A?aeaoeeny oaeiae iiceoeai? c?ooaiiy a
nenoai? oe?a?inueeeo CI?. Aei ieo aa?oi a?aeianoe iiaa ?icoi?iiy
“naiaiaee neiaa oa ?ioi?iaoe??”, neiioeaio?iaai?noue ia iie?oe/iiio,
aeiiii?/iiio oa eoeueoo?ieia?/iiio ?icaeoeo noaa?aiii? aea?aeaae,
noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie iacaeaaeieo ian-iaae?a.

Niinoa??aaeeny ia?aaoaeiai? ci?ie a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?, a
naia: ?ai?aai?caoe?y i?ia?ai, aeeth/ath/e oaeee aaaeeeaee aniaeo, ye
ia?ao?ae a?ae aeeeoi?nueeiai aei aeo?iae?nonueeiai (aaoi?nueeiai)
oaeaaa/aiiy; noai?aiiy i?ia?ai iiaiai oeio c iiaeie
a?coaeueii-aa?aaeueieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?ioyaii oeueiai ia??iaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeaaa/aiiy a Oe?a?i? io?eiaei iia? ci?noia? oa
oi?iioai?/? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ye? ia a?aeia?aaeai? a no/ani?e oai???
oe?a?inueei? aeo?iae?noeee. Oiio oe?eeii eia?/iei ? canoinoaaiiy
oeiieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ye iaoiaeo iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aaeiaoa, ui ia?aaeaa/a?, c iaeiiai aieo, aea/aiiiy oei?a i?ia?ai, ui
?aaeueii ae?thoue, caeiiii??iinoae ?oiueiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy, c ?ioiai —
?ic?iaeo iioeiaeueieo iiaeaeae aeey ?oiueiai a?eueo /?oeiai ni?yioaaiiy.
Oeiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oaeiae aeicaiey? cao?enoaaoe noae? oeie
i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy aeey oiai /e ?ioiai /aniaiai
ia??iaeo ? i?inoaaeeoe i?ia?aneai? aai ?aa?aneai? oaiaeaioe??, ye? aoee
oa?aeoa?ieie aeey oe?a?inueeiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy a ia??iae
noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo CI?.

Ioaea, i?ioyaii ia?oi? iieiaeie 90-o ?ie?a ci?ieeeny iaoiaeieia?/i? ?
i?ioan?ei? e?eoa??? ioe?iie no/aniiai oaeaiiaeaiiy, a oaeiae ??ai?
?aeaieia?caoe?? oa iie?oecaoe?? ao??o, aca?iiiia”ycai?noue oaeaaa/aiiy ?
iie?oeee a noni?euenoa?, aieea noni?euenoaa ? “noni?eueiiai caiiaeaiiy”
ia ?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy. Oiio aeooaeuei?noth oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?: o?enaoe?y aaciaeo oei?a i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy Oe?a?ie c aaaaoii??i?noth ?oi?o oa?aeoa?enoee, ia iniia?
yeeo ooieoe?iiothoue no/ani? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaeai?ia?aie, oi?iothoueny
?oi? iia? oeiia? iciaee; aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ae?yeueiino?
oaeaaeo?iae?noa a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e i?ia?ai?, ye? aeicaieythoue cana?ae/eoe
i?eioeeiia? oai?/? ? ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee no/anii?
oe?a?inueei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaaeo?iae?noeee; a i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy — ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeaa?c?eia i?ia?aia oa i?ioeane ??
oeiieia?caoe?? ca ia?o? i”youe ?ie?a ?nioaaiiy iacaeaaeieo CI? a
Oe?a?i?, oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai oeio oaeaaeo?iae?noa-?ioi?iaoe?eieea.

Iaiao?aeieie iaoiaeaie aeey i?iaeoeoeaii? ?aae?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaee: ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, eiie?aoii-oeiieia?/iee, nioe?ieia?/iee,
iaoiaee niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ?ioa?a”th. Naia oeae eiiieaen iaoiae?a o
ii?aeiaii? ?c aeina?aeii aeo?iae?nonueei? ae?yeueiino? aaoi?a a
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e oaeaeiiiai?? Oe?a?ie aeicaiey? ?aaeueii a?aeia?aceoe
caeiiii??iino? ? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy
Oe?a?ie.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? iia”ycaia c eiiieaeniith caaaeueiieaoaae?aeueiith oaiith
”?ioi?iaoe?eii — ioae?oeenoe/i? oa eiioi?eaoeai? i?iaeaie
oaea?aae?iiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”, o iaaeao yei? eaoaae?ith oaeaaa/aiiy ?
?aae?iiiaeaiiy ?inoeoooo aeo?iae?noeee cae?eniththoueny iiiia?ao?/i?,
iaoiaee/i?, eieai- oa i?aniciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iiaea?oueny ?icai?iaiee aiae?c i?aoeue
iaoeiaoe?a, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaee ?noi?e/i?, ooieoe?iiaeuei?,
iaoiaeieia?/i? oa ?io? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy.
Na?aae ieo A.A.Aaa??ia, ?.A.Ai?aoeueeee, A.A.Aoa?ei, A.I.A?eue/ae,
A.I.A?eue/ae, I.N.Ao?aae/, C.A.Aeieo?ianueeee, A.?.Coaeia, ?.I.?eue?i,
E.A.E?aieanueea, A.A.Eociaoeia, A.A.Eecai/oe, ?.A.Iauaiei,
A.ss.Ie?ii/aiei, N.I.Io?aoia, I.O.Ia/ae, A.A.Ii/aioeia,
A.E.Nieieuenueea, A.E.Oea?e, TH.A.Oaiiaae, O.A.Ua?aaothe,
I.ss.TH?ianueeee oa ?io?. Oaeei /eiii, oai?aoe/io iniiao ?iaioe neeaee
iaoeia? oa iaoeiai-ioae?oeenoe/i? i?aoe? c iniia oaeaaeo?iae?noeee,
aeaeai? i?ia?aeieie oe?a?inueeeie oa caei?aeiiieie oai?aoeeaie ?
i?aeoeeaie oaeaaa/aiiy, caa?iaiiy aei iniia o?einionueeiai,
nioe?ieia?/iiai, e?iaa?noe/iiai o?aeooaaiiy ?ie? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy a noni?euenoa? ? aieeao eiai ia aoaeeoi??th, aiae?c
oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai a Oe?a?i?, ye?
i?inoaaeothoueny a oe?a?inuee?e ia??iaeeoe?, niaoe?aeueieo aeaeaiiyo oa
iin?aieeao ?c oaoiieia?? oaeaa?c?eiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaoeiai — i?aeoe/iith iaoith ?iaioe ? niaoeeo?ea ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
?noi?e/ii-ii??aiyeueiiai iaoiaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi oeiieia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. A oaeiae aeie?aieaiiy iniaeeainoae iaoe?iiaeueieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai ? ocaaaeueiaiiy aieeao na?oiaiai aeina?aeo
ae?iaieoeoaa i?ia?ai ia ?icaeoie ? ?ai?aai?caoe?th oe?a?inueeiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiaeaiiy. Oaeee i?aeo?ae iaaea? iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe
oeiia? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy ? aeyaeoe
oi?aa?naeuei? aeey no/aniiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy Oe?a?ie oeie
ia?aaea/.

Oai?/i-i?eeeaaeia iaoa ?iaioe iia”ycaia ?c ia?niaeoeaaie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai iiaeaiiy a iiaeo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oiiaao, a, ioaea, c iiaeaethaaiiyi i?aeoe/ieo
eiioi?eaoeaieo ? no?oeoo?ieo iniia ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy oae?:

1.Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo, iaa?iiaaeaeaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eieie ?aaeaeoe?yie
aea?aeaaiiai ? iaaea?aeaaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy o aca?iiae??
c aoaeeoi???th ? eiai i?iaeoe?y ia no/aniee noai an??? oe?a?inueei?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaaeo?iae?noeee.

2.Aeyaeaiiy ca”yceo i?ae oeiii ia?aaea/?, aeanoeaeie ?e aeai?aie, oeiii
aaaeo/iai ? niiniaii caeo/aiiy aoaeeoi??? aei o/ano? a i?e.

3.Ii?aoethaaiiy iaoiaeeee aiae?co ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai ?c
a?aooaaiiyi aaaaoii??iino? ?oi?o oa?aeoa?enoee.

4.Aecia/aiiy oa eeaneo?eaoe?y iniiaieo ia?aiao??a aeo?iae?nonueei?
oai?/ino? a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e oaeai?ia?ai?.

5.?ic?iaea iioei?caoe?eieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oi?iioai?aiiy i?ia?ai o
nenoai? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaith iiaeciith iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? neioac o?aaeeoe?e ?
iia?oi?o oaiaeaioe?e, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie a ia??iae iiaoaeiae iacaeaaeieo CI?. O ?iaio? aia?oa oai?aoe/ii
aecia/ai? oeiieia?/i? iciaee i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy Oe?a?ie
i?ioyaii 1991-1996 ?ie?a, aea?oueny a?oioiaia aeai?iaa oa?aeoa?enoeea
oei?a i?ia?ai, i?iiiiothoueny ia?niaeoeai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo aeai??a a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?, ?icaeyaea?oueny eieuei?enoeea oa
cia?aaeaeueia anoaoeea ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai, ui ?ai?oa a oae?e
i?iaeoe?? ia aeine?aeaeoaaeiny, cai?iiiiiaai? aeeneon?ei? ieoaiiy, ye?
noinothoueny oeiiaino? ? aeiyoeiaino?, ae?aeia?/iino? ? iiiieia?/iino?
oe?a?inueeiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy, iiaeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai Oe?a?ie ?
aeo?iae?nonueei? oai?/ino?. O ca”yceo c oei, ui a iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoaoao,
iaea?aeaieo ?ai?oa, ia i?eae?eyeiny aeinoaoiuei? oaaae i?iaeaiai
ae?aiii? ?iaioe oaeaaeo?iae?noa a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e i?ia?ai?, a
aeena?oaoe?? ae?noaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeeea ia?nii?o?eaoe??
?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?ieue iniaenoino? a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?,
i?ioan?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeo?iae?noa-?ioi?iaoe?eieea ye oaeaa?c?eiiai
ia?niiaaea. Oiio eiioi?eaoeai? iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai ?c oei?a
?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai ?icaeyaeathoueny a ?iaio? /a?ac ia?nii?o?eaoe?th
?ioi?iaoe?eieo iia?aeiieaiue oa ia?nii?o?eaoe?th iniaenoino?
oaeaaeo?iae?noa.

Oeiieia?/ii aei?aaaeaiei oaeiae aaaaea?oueny i?iaaaeaiiy ii??aiyeueiiai
aiae?co i?ia?ai aea?aeaaieo ? iaaea?aeaaieo oaeaeiiiai?e, ye?,
eiieo?oth/e i?ae niaith a caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
i?inoi??, i?enei?thaaee i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy
Oe?a?ie. A oaeiae caa?iaiiy aei caei?aeiiiiai aeina?aeo no?oeoo?ii?
iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai, ye? a?ae?a?aee iii?oio ?ieue o
noaiiaeaii? iiaiai oe?a?inueeiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy. I?ia?aia
“OOI” Oai?/i-ae?iaie/iai ia”?aeiaiiy “OOI” Iaoe?iiaeueii? oaeaeiiiai??
Oe?a?ie (aea?aeaaia iaoe?iiaeueia iiaeaiiy), i?ia?aia “A?no?”
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaa?c?eiiai aaainoaa “A?eia” (iaaea?aeaaia
?aa?iiaeueia iiaeaiiy), ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?ia?aie ?iicaiieo eiiiai?e
“Deutsche Welle” (a?iiaaenueei-i?aaiaa na?oiaa iiaeaiiy) ? “CNN
International” (i?eaaoia na?oiaa iiaeaiiy) — aieeaia? i?aaenoaaieee
oaea?eieo Oe?a?ie, ye? ni?eyee oi?ioaaiith o ia?o?e iieiaei? 90-o ?ie?a
eiiieaenii? iiaeae? iaeaooiueiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy iacaeaaeii?
e?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o aeiiiaiaii?
iaa/aeueiiai eo?no c oe?a?inueei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaaeo?iae?noeee
iiaeie ?ic?iaeaie o noa?? noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai,
?ai?aai?caoe?? ?nioth/eo, a yeeo iaoiaeeea eiioi?eaoe??, no?oeoo?i?
oa?aeoa?enoeee iio?aaothoue aeiei??iieo ci?i. C?a?aiee iaoa??ae i?i
caeiiii??iino? noai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? ?eieo oaeaa?c?eii? ?ioi?iaoe?? iiaea
aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey i?aeaioiaee niaoeeo?n?a “?ioi?iaoe?eia
oaeai?ia?aia a Oe?a?i? — ia?ao?ae aei na?oiaeo oi?iao?a ?icaeoeo”,
“Iiaee oei aeo?iae?noa a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e oaeai?ia?ai?”. sse cana?ae/o?
i?aeoeea, nooaeaioai-aeo?iae?noai iae/ano?oa aeiaiaeeoueny ?icii/eiaoe
naith i?ioan?eio ae?yeuei?noue a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?, oiio
iiaeeeaa eiiieaenia a?aeia?aaeaiiy oeeo aniaeo?a o niaoe?aeueieo
iaa/aeueieo iin?aieeao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioeith ?ic?iaeaii aaoi?nueeee
iaa/aeueiee eo?n “No/ania ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeai?ia?aia a Oe?a?i?” aeey
nooaeaio?a 2-ai eo?no oaeaa?c?eii? niaoe?ae?caoe??, yeee /eoa?oueny
i?ioyaii 1996/2000 ?ie?a, niaoeeo?n “Eieuei?enoeea oa cia?aaeaeueia
anoaoeea ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeai?ia?aie” aeey nooaeaio?a-iaa?no??a, oai?/o
iaenoa?ith “I?ioan?y-oaea?aii?oa?” aeey nooaeaio?a-aaeaeaa??a ?inoeoooo
aeo?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Ia”?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue oaenoe ia?aaea/, a?ae?a?ai? aeey
nenoaiiiai aiae?co c a?o?a?a Iaoe?iiaeueii? oaeaeiiiai?? Oe?a?ie,
iaaea?aeaaieo oaeaeiiiai?e Oe?a?ie oa caei?aeiiieo oaeai?aai?caoe?e,
i?ia?aie yeeo o?ainethaaeeny i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo
aea?aeaaieie oa i?eaaoieie oaeaeaiaeaie Oe?a?ie. Oaeei /eiii,
?icaeyaeathoueny iaoe?iiaeuei? oa ?aa?iiaeuei? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? i?ia?aie
Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aie na?oiaiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy, aca?iica”ycee
no?oeoo? oaeeo i?ia?ai oa a?aei?iiino? o i?aeoiae? aei ae?iaieoeoaa
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?iaeoeoo, iia?oi? oaiaeaioe?? ? i?iaeaie ae?yeueiino?
aeo?iae?noa a?aeiia?aeii aei oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? noaiiaeyoue oai?aoe/io ? i?aeoe/io iniiae
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?eethaeiai? ? iioae?eiaai? ye oace
aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo ? ca?oieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo,
cie?aia: Oaeaa?c?eia ?ioi?iaoe?y a Oe?a?i?: a/i?a ? nueiaiaei? // ?ieue
ian-iaae?a o ieth?ae?noe/iiio noni?euenoa?: Iao. i?aeia?. eiio. (26-27
aeiaoiy 1995 ?.) / Ca caaae. ?aae. A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E., 1996. —
N.104-106; ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeai?ia?aia a Oe?a?i?: aiieoaa ca na?oiaeie
o?aaeeoe?yie // AEo?iae?noeea e i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy iiai? iie?oe/ii?
ae?oe a iinoeiioi?noe/ieo aea?aeaaao: Iao. i?aeia?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.
(18-19 n?/iy1996 ?.) / Ca caaae. ?aae. A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E.,1996. —
N.63-65; Ae?aiia oai?/?noue oaeaaeo?iae?noa a ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e i?ia?ai?
// Oe?. aeo?iae?noeea — 96: Iao. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (8-9 ea?oiy 1996 ?.)
/ Ca caaae. ?aae. A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E.,1996. — N.38-41; “Eooiy
i?eaaoecaoe??” a oe?a?inueeiio oaeaao??? // Oe?. aeo?iae?noeea — 97:
Iao. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (11 ea?oiy 1997 ?.) / Ca caaae. ?aae.
A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E.: Oeaio? a?eueii? i?ane, 1997. — N.67-71, a oaeiae
o i?ia?ai? iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i: Oaoi?ea ? oaoiieia?y CI? (caiyooy ia
ae?iaieoeoa?) // I?ia?aie iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i / Ca caaae. ?aae.
A.C.Iineaeaiea, A.ss.Ie?ii/aiea. — O.2. — E.:OeAI, 1998. — N.107-108.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy A.A.Aiyi iioae?eiaaii o i”yoe noaooyo a?o/eciyieo
iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue oa /ioe?ueio oacao aeiiia?aeae ia i?aeia?iaeieo ?
ca?oieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, iiae?eaieo ia i?ae?icae?ee ? ioieoe, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 210 noi??iie, o oiio /ene? 5 noi??iie nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (130 iaeiaioaaiue) ? 30 noi??iie aeiaeaoe?a
(?aeiiaiaeiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e o aeiaeaoeo A — 225 iiceoe?e, o aeiaeaoeao A
? A iaaaaeaii 12 oaaeeoeue ? noeaia??e ?ioi?iaoe?eii? i?ia?aie, ui
iai/ii ?ethno?othoue aaoi?nuee? oai?aoe/i? aeniiaee ? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
a?eueo?noue oeiieia?/ieo iiceoe?e, i?iaiae?ciaaieo o aeena?oaoe??).

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aea?? oaie, aecia/aii iaoo ? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee, aeooaeuei?noue ? iiaecio
?iaioe, iaoiaeeeo ? iaoiaee aea/aiiy i?aaeiaoa; aecia/a?oueny ca”ycie
?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie, iiaea?oueny ?icai?iaiee
aiae?c iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e noiniaii aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie;
cacia/athoueny aeai? uiaei iniaenoiai aianeo caeiaoaa/a, ai?iaaoe??
?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??, ioae?eaoe?e, nooeoo?e ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “?ioi?iaoe?eia i?ia?aia a nenoai? oaeaa?c?eiiai
iiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie” c?iaeaia ni?iaa ca aeiiiiiaith
?noi?e/ii-ii??aiyeueiiai iaoiaeo aeyaeoe oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
oe?a?inueeiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
ia??iaeo ? iieacaoe, ye aiie aieeioee ia oi?ioaaiiy oei?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
i?ia?ai, aeai?iao no?oeoo?o oa niaoeeo?eo aeo?iae?nonueei? oai?/ino? a
no/aniiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaaa/aii?.

Ca no?oeoo?io iaeeieoeth oeio a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee oa?i?i “i?ia?aia”
ye noeoii?noue iaaieo iaci?iieo nenoai, iia”ycaieo eiiiiceoe?eiith
?aei?noth, ui ia? iaaia oe?eueiaa i?ecia/aiiy. Ioaea, ?ioi?iaoe?eia
oaeaa?c?eia i?ia?aia ye ia”?eo aeey oeiieia?caoe?? — oea noaea nenoaia,
a ye?e oi?ia ii?aeio?oueny c? ci?noii ia”?eoeaiei, ?ioi?iaoeaiei,
oaiaoe/iei ca”yceii, ?acoeueoaoii yeiai ? a?coaeueia ? aa?aaeueia
ni?eeiyooy ie?aieo oai??a ia oaeaae?ai? ye aeaiaio?a oe?eiai. sse
ia”?eoo oaeaa?c?eiiai iiaeaiiy, ?e aeanoea? oaiaeaioe??
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai, iiaiiai, iiae?eiiai neie?aoecio, ui aeyaeythoueny,
ianaiia?aae, a ?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ”Oe?a?inueea oaeaaa/aiiy: ao??i? o?aaeeoe?? oa
?ai?aai?caoe?? i?ia?ai” iiaea?oueny ?noi?e/ia ?ica?aeea noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueeeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai ? eiinoaoo?oueny, ui aanue oeyo,
i?ieaeaiee OO i?ioyaii aeanyoee?oue, iicia/aiee ia eeoa
?ai?aai?caoe?eieie ci?iaie i?ia?aiii? iie?oeee oa ?aeaieia?/ieo
onoaiiaie, a e ai?ioueaith i?ae iiaaoi?nueeeie ?aeayie ? “oaeaa?c?eiith
iao??a?oaeuei?noth”, oi?ioaaiiyi oeea?e?ciaaiiai oaea?eieo, iiaeie
aca?iia?aeiineiaie i?ae caniaaie ianiai? eiioi?eaoe?? oa noni?euenoaii.
A?ae ia?oi? i?yiiao??ii? o?aineyoe?? — aei i?aeia?iaeieo oaeaiino?a o
i?yiiio ao???, a?ae ia?oeo aii?oieo oaea?aii?oaae?a ?c ciie *i?iiaeey o
1986 ?ioe? — aei aeanieo aeo?iae?nonueeeo ?icne?aeoaaiue o 1996-io, a?ae
aea?aeaaii? iiiiiie?? — aei iaaea?aeaaieo CI?, a?ae aeeeoi?a — aei
aeo?iae?noa-”aiei?iaia”, a?ae 16-ii e?iiie?aee — aei “BETACAM SP” — ana
oea oa?aeoa?ecoaaei ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaeai?ia?aie a Oe?a?i? aei na?aaeeie
90-o ?ie?a ? aeiaaaei iaaiiai o?iiieia?/iiai inieneaiiy, ui ? aoei
cai?iiiiiaaia o aeena?oaoe??:

1 aoai (1939 — 1951 ?iee) — ni?iae oaoi?/ieo aenia?eiaio?a o noa??
i?aeoe/iiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy: ia?oa oaeao?aineyoe?y c Ee?aa.

2 aoai (1951 — 1972 ?iee) — caeeaaeaiiy iniia ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?: noai?aiiy ia?oiai a Oe?a?i? Ee?anueeiai
oaeaoeaio?o ? ia?oa oaeao?aineyoe?y o i?yiiio ao???; i?aai?caoe?y
?anioae?eainueeiai oa iaeaniiai ?aa?iiaeueiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i? —
Aea?aeoaea?aae?i O?N? oa caaaeueii-?anioae?eainueeiai oaeaeaiaeo OO;
noai?aiiy Aieiaii? ?aaeaeoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?? Aea?aeoaea?aae?i O?N? oa
?aaeaeoe?e ?ioi?iaoe?? a iaeanieo oaeaeii?oaoao; aeo?ae ia?oeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai a noieeoe? oa ?aa?iiao ? inoaoi/ia oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueii?anioae?eainueei? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaia?aae?.

3 aoai (1972-1991 ?iee) — ?icaeoie ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae oa
noaiiaeaiiy oeiieia?/ieo iniia oe?a?inueeeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai:
aeaieaiaeueia oaeaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?; ia?aoai?aiiy OO ?c
caaaeueii?anioae?eainueei? o iaoe?iiaeueio oaeanenoaio; aioo??oi? ?
oaoi?/i? ?ai?aai?caoe?? a nenoai? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie,
iia”ycai?, cie?aia, ?c o?aineyoe??th ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai o
eieuei?? ? a i?yiiio ao???; ia?ao?ae a?ae aeeeoi?nueeiai aei
aaoi?nueeiai aaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai ye iaiaaaiiiy
ia?nii?o?eaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe??; ia?o? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeuei? i?ia?aie.

4 aoai (1991 — 1996 ?iee) — inoaoi/ia noaiiaeaiiy oeiieia?/ii?
aca?iicaeaaeiino? i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
o?enaoe?y iniiaieo ia?aiao??a aeo?iae?nonueei? ae?yeueiino? uiaei
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? a oaeaao???: o?eeaiaeueia oaeaiiaeaiiy a
Oe?a?i?; noai?aiiy Aea?aeaaii? oaea?aae?iiiaii? eiiiai?? Oe?a?ie;
oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iaaea?aeaaieo oaeanoaioe?e; noai?aiiy oaeaa?c?eii?
caeiiiaeaa/i? aace a Oe?a?i? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, no?oeoo?i? oa oai?/?
?ai?aai?caoe?? a nenoai? ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy; i?aai?caoe?y
oai?/i-ae?iaie/iai ia”?aeiaiiy “OOI”; noai?aiiy Aea?aeoaea?aae?i Oe?a?ie
oa Iaoe?iiaeueii? oaeaeiiiai?? Oe?a?ie; ia?o? ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i?
i?ia?aie; noaiiaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?iaeo?a a ao??? iaaea?aeaaieo
oaeaeiiiai?e ye iiaa aa/aiiy ?ie? ?ioi?iaoe?? a noni?euenoa?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ”Oeiia? oa aeai?ia? iniaeeaino? no/anieo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai” iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue oeiieia?/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai ia?oi? iieiaeie 90-o ?ie?a,
ye? ca nai???aei?noth ?noi?e/iiai noaiiaeaiiy oa caeiiii??iinoyie
?icaeoeo, niaoeeo?eith aa?noee oa no?oeoo?ith aeai?iai? iiaoaeiae
iiaeooue oi?ioaaoe iciaee o?ueio oei?a: ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai (aai oaeaiiaei);
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai (aai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ioae?oeenoe/iiai),
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai (aai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ioce/iiai).

?ioi?iaoe?eiee oei i?ia?ai — oea o?aaeeoe?eia oi?ia oaeaa?c?eiiai
iiaeaiiy, oeiiaeie iniaeeainoyie yeiai ? ?aaoey?ia /anoioi?noue ao??o
i?ioyaii aeiae aai oeaeiaaiai ao??iiai oeeeeo, iiaeeea?noue aeoiaeo ca
?aiee i?ia?aiii? eiiiiceoe?eii? ?aeiino? (oae caai? ei?ioe? aeionee
iiaei, oiaoi ciaioaiiy noaiaea?oiiai o?iiiiao?aaeo) aai ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
i?ia?aii? aeiee (ca?eueoaiiy noaiaea?oiiai o?iiiiao?aaeo), aeei?enoaiiy
aeeeth/ii ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aeai??a ?, aacia?a/ii, — iia?aoeai?noue iiaea/?
?ioi?iaoe??. Oeae oei i?ia?ai noi?iiaaiee ?c iaaii? i?iii?oe?? na?oiaeo,
iaoe?iiaeueieo oa i?noeaaeo (?aa?iiaeueieo) iiaei.

?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iee oei i?ia?ai ? neioaoe/iith oi?iith
oaeaa?c?eiiai iiaeaiiy, yea ii?aeiaea iia?aoeai?noue, iiae??a?noue oa
aiae?oeeo, ui ia?aaoaathoue a ?aieao noaei? eiiiiceoe?eii? ?aeiino?.
Ci?noii i?ia?ai, ye? neeaaeathoue ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iee oei
iiaeaiiy, ? aiae?c aeooaeueieo ieoaiue ciai?oiuei? oa aioo??oiuei?
iie?oeee e?a?ie, noni?eueiiai oa a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai, a oaeiae aeinyaiaiue oa iiae?e o aaeoc?
iaoee, eoeueoo?e, nii?oo. Iniaeeainoyie i?ia?aie
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai oeio ? caeaa?eueoiai uioeaeiaaee oaeaao??, a
yeiio aiae?coththoueny oa eiiaioothoueny iiae??, i?i ye? ?ioi?ioaaeiny a
uiaeaiieo i?ia?aiao ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oeio. Na?oia?, iaoe?iiaeuei? aai
i?noeaa? (eieaeuei?) iiaeie ao?eththoueny o aeaio aeaeao i?ia?ai
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai oeio — iiiioaiaoe/iiio oa iie?oaiaoe/iiio.

?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiee oei i?ia?ai oaeiae neioaoe/ia ca
eiino?oeoe??th oaeaao??ia no?oeoo?a, ui oi?io?oueny c ie?aieo
aca?iicaeaaeieo naaiaio?a: ?ioi?iaoe?eieo a?aeainthaeao?a, nooae?eii?
?iaioe aaaeo/iai ia?aaea/?, a oaeiae a?aeaiee?i?a, i?ciaaaeueieo /e
aoii?enoe/ieo iiia??a oiui, ye? iia”ycai? a iaaiiio ii?yaeeiaiio
ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ?ic?aoiaaiiio ia ni?eeiyooy “?ioi?ioth/e-?icaaaeaoe”, ?
neeaaeathoue caaa?oaio eiiiiceoe?eio ?aei?noue. Iniaeea?noth i?ia?ai
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai oeio ? uiaeaiiee (?aieiaee aai aa/??i?e)
ao??.

Oeie i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaiith
e?euee?niith aa??aoe??th ?ioi?iaoe?eieo (cai?oea, a?aeaiiia?aeiieaiiy),
?ioi?iaoe?eii — aiae?oe/ieo (oaea?ioa?a”th, oaea?aii?oaae, oaeaaenooi,
oaeaca?o, a?aeaica?o, oaeaaothae) oa aiae?oe/ieo (oaeaiaeyae,
oaeaeiiaioa?) aeai??a, ui oi?iothoue no?oeoo?i? oeiia? iciaee
oaeaia?aaea/.

Ioaea, o ia?oiio ?icae?e? eiinoaoo?oueny: ?noi??y ?icaeoeo
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeai?ia?aie a Oe?a?i? — oea ?noi??y ia?aoiaeo a?ae /enoi
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oeio oaeai?ia?ai aei ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai. Eiaeai ?c oeeo oei?a ? ooieoe?iiaeueii
naiino?eiei ? iia”ycaiee iaeei c iaeiei oa?aeoa?iith nenoaiith
a?aeia?aaeaiiy oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaeo?a, yaeu, iiae?e, aeania
?ioi?iaoe??.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Oaeaa?c?eia ?ioi?iaoe?y ye noa?a aeo?iae?nonueei?
ae?yeueiino?” — oea ni?iaa aia?oa aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e i?ioan?eii?
ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa o oeiao i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy,
ye? oi?iothoueny o oaeeo noa?ao ni?eeiyooy ?ioi?iaoe??, ye
ia?nii?o?eaoe?y oa ?i?aeae, a oaeiae uiaei oaeeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iniaeeainoae oaeaaa/aiiy, ye cia?aaeaiiy ? eie??. Aeaoaeueiiio aiae?co
niaoeeo?ee ia?aiao??a ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio
oaeaiiaeaii? i?enay/ai? ianooii? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ”Ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ye iaoiae iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??”
aea?oueny aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?ie? ? neeaaeiaeo e?eoa???a ia?nii?o?eaoe??
?ioi?iaoe??, i?iiiiothoueny aeaee ia?nii?o?eaoe??, a oaeiae aecia/aiiy
ia?nii?o?eaoe?? ye a?aei?aaii? oi/ee oiai, ui iaceaa?oueny
?aeoeiaia?noth oaeai?ia?aie aai oaeaeaiaeo, iiioey?i?noth oaeaa?c?eiiai
aeo?iae?noa. Ia?nii?o?eaoe?y oaeaa?c?eii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia? aeani? ii?ie ?
caeiie, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae oaeaaa/aiiy,
cie?aia a?ae a?coaeueii? ? aieaeueii? neooaoe??, ui ao?eththoueny a
oaeaa?c?ei?e iia?. Oaeaa?c?eia iiaa caaaeaee ae?aeia?/ia, ai eeoa oeyoii
ae?aeiao iiaeeeaa ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ?? ?acoeueoaoeaia
ni?eeiyooy. Oaeaa?c?eia iiaa caeaaeeoue a?ae ia”?eoeaii-noa”?eoeaieo
aca?iinoinoie?a i?ae aeo?iae?noii ? aoaeeoi???th, ui aecia/a?oueny
oaeeie eaoaai??yie ye eiioaeo ? neiiao?y. Naia caaaeyee oaeaa?c?ei?e
iia? oi?io?oueny iniaeno?nia, ?iaeea?aeoaeueia iiaea/a ?ioi?iaoe??, yea
/a?ac oaeaae?ai ni?yiiaaia ia ?? ni?eeiyooy ?ioith iniaeno?noth,
?iaeea?aeooiii.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaaieioo?oueny, ui oae? eiioi?eaoeai?
eiino?oeoe?? ia?nii?o?eiaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye aeaeei?noue ? o?eani?noue
iniaenoino? (oaeaia?niiaae, oaeaoeiaae, oaea?i?aeae, oaeaia?ac);
iaee//y ethaeeie, oaeaii?o?ao, oaeao?c?iaiii?ea, oaeaaai?/i?noue,
?aeaioeo?eaoe?y (a?coaeueia ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe??); noeeue
aeeeaaeo ?ioi?iaoe??, ?ioiiaoe?y, aiioe??, ?eoi?ea iiaeaiiy,
ae?aiaoo?a?y, iaia?a aaaeaiiy i?ia?aie ? iaeiniiai?oa — neiai
(aa?aaeueia ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe??),- neeaaeathoue a eiiieaen?
iioeaaoe?th ni?eeiyooy ? a iaaieo i?iii?oe?yo aeanoea? eiaeiiio c oei?a
?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai. Caeaaeii a?ae ii?aeiaiiy oi?iioai?/eo ?
ci?noiaeo aeaiaio?a oaeai?ia?aie, ?? ni?yiiaaiino? ia aoaeeoi??th, oiaoi
caeaaeii a?ae oeio i?ia?aie, oi?io?oueny ineoieia?/iee oei iniaenoino?
oaeaaeo?iae?noa ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aeyaea/a. Oaeei /eiii, eiaeiiio oeio
i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aea? iaaiee ineoieia?/iee
oei ?iaeea?aeooi?a, iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi yeeo ? aaciina?aaeiy
i?aai?caoe?y ia?nii?o?eaoe?? ?ioi?iaoe??.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ”Ae?aiia oai?/?noue oaeaaeo?iae?noa:
oeiieia?/iee eiioaeno” aeaoaeueii ?icaeyaeathoueny ia?aiao?e
ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa uiaei oaeeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae
oaeaaa/aiiy, ye cia?aaeaiiy ? eie??, a oaeiae nenoaia oi?ioaaiiy
?i?aeaeo a ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?, ui iia”ycaia ?c i?ioan?eiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith aeo?iae?noa.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui an? ia?aiao?e ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa caaaeaee
i?noyoueny o i?e/eiii-iane?aeeia?e neooaoe??, ai iaoiaeeea ?oiueiai
ao?eaiiy caeaaeeoue ia eeoa a?ae oeio i?ia?aie, aea e a?ae o??? /e ?ioi?
aeo?iae?nonueei? i?ioan??. Oiaoi ?i?aeae iniaenoino? ? aeo?iae?nonuee?
i?ioan??, oa?aeoa?i? aeey eiaeiiai ?c oei?a i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaiiaeaiiy, aaciina?aaeiuei iia”ycai? c eieuei?enoeeith ?
cia?aaeaeueieie o?aaeeoe?yie, ui ? aeanoeaeie eiaeiiio ?c oei?a i?ia?ai,
ai aeo?iae?no iiaea aooe “eieuei?iaei” aai “aacaa?aiei”, oeiiaei aai
iaoeiiaei, a eiai ?i?aeae — oaeaa?c?eiei aai iaoaeaa?c?eiei,
“eieuei?iaei” aai “/i?ii-a?eei”, “oaieei” aai “oieiaeiei”. Ioaea,
oaeaaeo?iae?no, i?ioan?eii iieeeeaiee aeeiioaaoe ooieoe?th ?ioi?ioaaiiy,
i?aoeth? aaaeo/ei, ?aaeaeoi?ii, eiiaioaoi?ii, ?aii?oa?ii, iaeyaea/ai,
ei?aniiiaeaioii aai ?ioa?a”th??ii, caaaeaee iaoeia noi?iiaaiee ?i?aeae,
yeee, iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai aaaeaiiy, ia?aaoaaoeia ia iaae? i?ioenoiyiiy
aeaio i?ioeeaaeiinoae. Aai a?i ni?eeia?oueny aoaeeoi???th (iiii?i?aeae —
noai?aiee ia aac? iaei??? i?ioan??, iai?eeeaae, aeo?iae?no-?aii?oa?, /e
iie??i?aeae — noai?aiee ia aac? e?eueeio i?ioan?e, iai?eeeaae,
aeo?iae?no-aaaeo/ee, ui iaeii/anii ? ?aaeaeoi?ii, eiiaioaoi?ii ?
iaeyaea/ai), aai ia ni?eeia?oueny acaaae?. Ioaea, i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
oaea?i?aeaeo iniaenoino? caaaeaee iia”ycaiee ?c i?ioeanii eiai
ni?eeiyooy oaeaaoaeeoi???th, iiceoeaii /iai ? aoaeo ia?nii?o?eaoe??
?ioi?iaoe??, iaaaoeaii — a?aenooi?noue oaeiai aoaeoo.

Eiaeai ?c oei?a i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy a?aecia/a?oueny
iaaieie a?coaeueieie oeiieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (ooo cia?aaeaiiy ?
eie??), ye? aeicaieythoue aeo?iae?noia?, ui i?aoeth? a eaae??, ciaeoe ?
ao?eeoe ae?aiiee ?i?aeae ye iai?aoeueiaaiee ? naiinoai?aiee eiiieaen
aeanoeainoae. ? aeey oeueiai ?niothoue iaai? oeiia? ? aeiyoeia?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oi?ioaaiiy oaea?i?aeaeo. Aei oeiiaeo iaeaaeaoue
ii?iaoeai? aeaiaioe, ye? ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie o na?oiaiio
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii? — aeeeth/ii a?coaeuei? oa aa?aaeuei? aeai?
?iaeea?aeooio, oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaei??? i?ioan??, oiaoi — iiii?i?aeae;
aei aeiyoeiaeo — iie??i?aeae, iaioaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaenoino?, a
oaeiae niaoeeo?ea aoaeeoi???, noni?euenoaa ? cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??
(“oaeaa?c?eii? neooaoe??”) a noni?euenoa?.

AENIIAEE

1. I?ioyaii cacia/aieo o ?iaio? aoai?a noaiiaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy eiinoaoo?oueny, ui ?icaeoie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaeai?ia?ai a Oe?a?i? caeaaeaa a?ae aieeao ia”?eoeaieo (caeiiioai?aiiy,
?aeaieia?y, o?iainoaaiiy) oa noa”?eoeaieo (?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe??,
na?oiaee aeina?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeai?iaeoeoe??)
ia?aaeoiia; iiceoeai? ci?ie a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?aiao (i?yiiao??ia
iiaeaiiy, ia?ao?ae a?ae aeeeoi?nueeiai aei aaoi?nueeiai aaaeaiiy, iia?
iaoiaee iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, oi?ioaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo, oaiaoe/ieo
iniaeeainoae ? oeiieia?/ieo iciae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai) aoee eia?/ieie
? caeiiii??ieie ia OO a ?acoeueoao? “ai?ioueae ?aeaieia?e”,
i?ia?aneaiiai oa ?aa?aneaiiai a noni?euenoa? ? a iaoe?iiaeueieo
ian-iaae?a cie?aia.

2. ?icaeyiooa a oai?aoe/iiio ? i?eeeaaeiiio aniaeoao iiaeaeue
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaa?c?eii? i?ia?aie a Oe?a?i?, ui noaiiaeeany a
ia??iaee oioae?oa?iiai ? aeaiie?aoe/iiai noni?euenoaa, o noa??
aea?aeaaiiai ? iaaea?aeaaiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy, i?iaeaiiino?oaaea i?ioyaii
ia?oi? iieiaeie 90-o ?ie?a oo eiioi?eaoeaio iaoiaeeeo, yea noi?ioaaeany
ia caeiiii??iinoyo ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai oei?a i?ia?ai.

3.Oeiieia?/i? iciaee eiaeiiai c oei?a i?ia?ai oe?a?inueei?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaaeo?iae?noeee caeaaeaee a?ae oaeeo ia”?eoeaieo
oaeoi??a: aoee noai?ai? iia? oi?ie ? iaoiaee iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, ye?
a?aeiia?aeaee “nioe?aeueiiio caiiaeaiith”, a, ioaea, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny
eeoa eiio aeanoeaeie ii?iaie ? e?eoa??yie ni?eeiyooy; oei??ieeiny iiaa
?icoi?iiy oaeaa?c?eii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ye niiniao io?eiaiiy ?aaeueiiai
i?eaooeo aeey oaeaae?iaiee?a, o cayceo c /ei ?ioi?iaoe?y noaea oiaa?ii;
aoei i?eeiyoi ?yae caeii?a uiaei ?ioi?iaoe?eii? iie?oeee CI?, ye?
?aaeaiaiooaaee iia? caaaeaiiy aeey ian-iaae?a — “?ioi?ioth/e — iaa/aoe ?
?icaaaeaoe”; oaeiae a iniiaiiio ia ii/aoie 1997 ?ieo aoa noi?iiaaiee
oaeaa?c?eiee ?eiie, ia yeiio ni?ai?aoethaaee e eiieo?oaaee aea?aeaai? oa
iaaea?aeaai? oaeaeiiiai??, ?icaeaaeiny noni?eueia oaeaaa/aiiy. sse
iane?aeie, a?aeaoany ia?ao?ae ia iiao oaoiieia?th oaeaa?c?eiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ui caaacia/eei iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy ye?niiai
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeai?iaeoeoo oa iiaeeea?noue eiai aeai?o aoaeeoi???th;
?icaeaaeeny iia?oi? a?coaeuei? oa aa?aaeuei? oi?ie a?aeoai?aiiy oa
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? oaeo?a, yaeu, iiae?e; ci?ithaaeany aeai?iaa no?oeoo?a
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai, oi?ioaaany iiaee oei oaeaaeo?iae?noa,
o??ciiiai?oithaaeeny eiai i?ioan?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? niiniae ?oiueiai
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy.

4. Aeey aeai?iaeo iniaeeainoae ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy i?ioyaii
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei oa?aeoa?iei ooai?aiiy iiaeo aeai??a oa
?oiy anei?eyoe?y (iai?eeeaae, aeai? “story”, ui eeaneo?eo?oueny ye
“ei?ioeee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee o?euei”); ii?aeiaiiy o aa?nooe? an?o oei?a
i?ia?ai ooieoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/ieo oa aiae?oe/ieo oaeaaeai??a; ia?aaaaeath/ee
?icaeoie “oaea?aii?oaaeo” ? “oaea?ioa?a”th”, a oaeiae ciaioaiiy
/anoioiino? aeei?enoaiiy “a?aeaica?o?a” oa /enoeo o
a?coaeueii-aa?aaeueiiio ?icoi?ii? “oaeaaenooi?a”.

5. Cao?eniaai? a ?iaio? oeie i?ia?ai ? iaaeae? aoaeooue aaciaeie aeey
ia?niaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?,
oiaoi ?ioi?iaoe?eio n?oeo iiaeaiiy aoaeue-yei? oaeaeiiiai??
oi?ioaaoeiooue i?ia?aie ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai, ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai,
?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai oei?a, ye? ca iaiao?aei?noth iiaeooue
i?iii?oe?eii ?ici?uoaaoeny a aeiaiaiio aai oeaeiaaiio aiaeeiiiio
oi?iao?. Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiico?, ui, iai?eeeaae, aea?aeaaia
oaeaaa/aiiy a i?ioean? eiieo?aioe?? ?c iiooaeieie iaaea?aeaaieie
oaeaeiiiai?yie (oaeaeaiaeaie) aeaaeae? a?eueoa iiaea noeeyoeny aei
ae?iaieoeoaa i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai oeio ?c iaia”yceiaei
caa?aaeaiiyi n?oee iiaeaiiy i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oa
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai oei?a ye ?aaeueieo ia”?eo?a aieeao ia
a?iiaaenueeo aeoieo. Eiieo?aioe?y ia oaeaa?c?eiiio ?eieo iiaea
aeeeooaaoe ii/aoie i?ioeano niaoe?ae?caoe??, i?io?e?caoe?? iaaea?aeaaieo
oaeaeiiiai?e (oaeaeaiae?a), oiaoi i???ioaoe?? ia aeaioiaeaiiy i?ia?ai
iaeiiai oeio, ye oea cana?ae/ea ii/aoie 1998 ?ieo, eiee oaeaeaiae “ICTV”
(Ee?a) aeaioiaeya i?ia?aie a iniiaiiio ?ioi?iaoe?eii-?icaaaeaeueiiai
oeio, oaeaeaiae “NOA” (Ee?a) — ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/iiai oeio.
Ine?eueee ?icaeyioo? oeie iiaeaiiy ? eeoa aaciaeie, ia iniia? ? i?e
aca?iiae?? yeeo o i?ioean? aeieeiaiiy iiaeo oaeaa?c?eieo oaoiieia?e
iiaeooue oi?ioaaoeny iia? oeiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?, a?aeiia?aeii,
iia? oeie ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?ai.

6. Oeie i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy ni?aaei??ththoueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ye ni?eueieo, oae ? a?aei?iieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aei iniiaieo
ni?eueieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeaaeaoue: aeoioethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??,
ooieoe?iiaeueia aeieeiaiiy iiaeo aeai??a ? ?oiy anei?eyoe?y,
ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ye iaoiae iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, a aei iniiaieo a?aei?iieo
— niaoeeo?ea ? iaoiaeeea iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, ineoioei oaeaaaaeo/iai ?
oaeaaeyaea/a, /ania? ? o?iiiiao?aaei? iniaeeaino? aeeeaaeo ? ni?eeiyooy
?ioi?iaoe??, iioeiaeueiee eiiieaen caae?yieo aeai??a, eieuei?enoeea ?
cia?aaeaeueia anoaoeea, iiaii-noee?noe/iee aaeain, aeonoe/i?noue
ni?eeiyooy ?ioi?iaoe??, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?iae?nonueeeo i?ioan?e.

7. Ia?aiao?e i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa aaciina?aaeiuei
iia”ycai? c oeiaie i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy ye oi?iaie
a?coaeueiiai ienoaoeoaa. A aeena?oaoe?? iaaieioo?oueny, ui niaoeeo?ea
oaeaa?c?eiiai ienoaoeoaa iieyaa? a oiio, ui ca i?ioeanii ethaenueei?
oai?/ino? iiaeia aaciina?aaeiuei niinoa??aaoe ia oaeaae?ai? ? iaoe
iino?eiee aieea ia iueiai, ai aoaeoeai?noue cia?aaeaiiy ? eieuei?enoeea
eaae?o, ia?nii?o?eaoe?y iniaenoino? ia oaeaaa/aii? oa noai?aiiy ?i?aeaeo
oaeaaeo?iae?noa — oea naia o? aca?iiiia”ycai? eaoaai???, ye?
cana?ae/othoue, ui oaeaaa/aiiy iino?eii ia?aaoaa? a ?on?, eiai ?icaeoie
aeeiai?/iee, naiiaaeineiiaethaaiee. ?, oaeei /eiii, no/ania oaeaaa/aiiy,
cie?aia ?ioi?iaoe?eia, ana a?eueoa ni?eeia?oueny oai?aoeeaie ?
i?aeoeeaie ia eeoa ye iiaeaeue a?aeia?aaeaiiy ae?eniino?, aea e ye
iiaeaeue i?iieeiaiiy a ?? nooi?noue ca aeiiiiiaith ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae oaeaaa/aiiy ye ienoaoeoaa ? iiaeeeainoae iniaenoino? ye
oai?oey.

8. Ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ye iaoiae iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? iaeiei ?c
iaeaieiai?oeo niinia?a aeiianaiiy aei aoaeeoi??? oaeo?a, yaeu ? iiae?e,
ui a?aeaoeeny, a?aeaoaathoueny aai aoaeooue a?aeaoaaoeny. Eiaeia
iniaeno?noue, aeoioethth/e ?ioi?iaoe?th, oae /e ?iaeoa ia?nii?o?eo? ??,
na?aeiii /e i?aena?aeiii i?aaia ia?aiia?noe ni?aaan?aeieeia?, aeiaeath/e
aeani? aiioe?? ? aeoiee, ni?aia?aaeeaath/e ? ni?aaei??thth/e ??.
Ia?nii?o?eiaaia ?ioi?iaoe?y iaa?aeae?eueia a?ae iniaenoino?, ai eeoa
caaaeyee i?ioeano ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ia?ainieneaiiy aiia a oiio /e
?ioiio aeaeyae? iio?aiey? aei aeyaea/a. Naia a?ae oeueiai i?ioeano
caeaaeeoue oni?o oaeaa?c?eii? i?ia?aie, oaeaa?c?eiiai eaiaeo ? naiiai
aeo?iae?noa.

Nie?ath/enue ia aeani? niinoa?aaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeena?oaio i?iiiio? o aeniiaeao aei ?iaioe i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? noinothoueny i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa a
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oaeaiiaeaii?, ui iiaeathoueny a eiioaeno? iaoiaeeee
eiioaeoo c aoaeeoi???th: aea?? ? aea??eia?noue oaeaaeyaea/a, ?iaioa c
oaenoii, iiooe aeaniiai noeeth, ?i?aeaeo, i?aai?caoe?y cai?ioiueiai
ca”yceo ? o.ae.; a oaeiae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ie?aieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ci?i a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaeai?ia?aiao, noiniaii no?oeoo?e ? aa?noee
i?ia?ai, iaoiaeeee ? noee?noeee iiaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??, cia?aaeaeueii?
anoaoeee ? eieuei?enoeee eaae?o aeey an?o oei?a i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaiiaeaiiy.

10. Oeiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ye iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaea
iiaeeea?noue cao?enoaaoe noae? oeie i?ia?ai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaiiaeaiiy
a ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo CI? Oe?a?ie, ia?aiao?e
aeo?iae?nonueei? ae?yeueiino? a oeiao ?ioi?iaoe?eieo i?ia?ai,
i?inoaaeeoe caeiiii??iino? ia?niaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaaa/aiiy a oe?eiio. Aea iaeii/anii ?nio? e oe?eee ieano oe?eaaeo
oeiieia?/ieo a?aiae aeey iaeaooi?o aeine?aeaeaiue ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
oaeai?ia?aie a Oe?a?i?: ii-ia?oa, ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao
noi?iiaaiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaea?eieo a aea?aeaa? ? na?o?, oiaoi ?ioiai
ia”?eoeaiiai ? noa”?eoeaiiai aieeao ia ?icaeoie oe?a?inueei?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaaeo?iae?noeee; ii-ae?oaa, i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
iiaeae? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaa?c?eii? i?ia?aie, cai?iiiiiaaii? a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

aeeeaaeaii aaoi?ii o oaeeo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Eiaeiaoeue (Aiyi) A?oa. A?coaeueii-aa?aaeueiee eiioaeno oaea?ioi?iaoe??
(aei iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy) // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. N.:
AEo?iae?noeea. — Aei.2. — E.: ?ioao-i?an. — 1995.- N.106-117.

2. Aiyi A?oa, Aiyi Ieanue. Oi?iaoe ?aae?inoaioe?e. I?aai?caoe?y
a?cian-ieaio ao??ii? ae?yeueiino? // A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo.
N.: AEo?iae?noeea. — Aei.3. — E.: ?ioao-i?an. — 1996. — N.137-148.

3. Aiyi A?oa, Aiyi Ieanue. Oaeaaa/aiiy ? ?aae?iiiaeaiiy Oe?a?ie:
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy ? i?eaaoecaoe?y // ?ieue CI? a i?ioeanao
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy/ Ca caaae.?aae. A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E.:OeAI, 1997. —
N.59-63.

4. Aiyi A?oa. Anoaoeea oaeaa?c?eiiai aena?oeaiiy ?eieiaeo ?aoi?i a
Oe?a?i? // Oe?. aeo?iae?noeea-98 / Ca caaae. ?aae. A.C.Iineaeaiea —
E.:OeAI, 1998. — N.84-88.

5. Aiyi A?oa. Ia?nii?o?eaoe?y oaeaa?c?eii? ?ioi?iaoe??: iaoiaeeea
iiaea/? // Oe?. aeo?iae?noeea-99 / Ca ?aae. i?io. A.C.Iineaeaiea. — E.:
Oeaio? a?eueii? i?ane, 1999. — N.96-100.

Aiioaoe??

Aiyi A.A. ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeaa?c?eia i?ia?aia: oeiieia?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea, ia?aiao?e ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.01.08 — aeo?iae?noeea. — ?inoeooo
aeo?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i?
?ioi?iaoe?eiiai oaeaaa/aiiy, aiae?co oeiioi?iioai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaeai?ia?ai, niaoeeo?oe? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? aeo?iae?noa a i?ioean?
io?eiaiiy ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??. Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? iaoai?cie
no?oeoo?ii? oa oeiieia?/ii? iiaoaeiae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeai?ia?aie, ye?
aaciina?aaeiuei iia”ycai? c? noee?noe/ieie ? aeai?iaeie iniaeeainoyie,
aia?oa aaiaeeoue ?yae i?iaeoe?e (ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ?ioi?iaoe??, ?i?aeae
iniaenoino?, cia?aaeaeueia anoaoeea, eieuei?enoeea), ye? ni?eythoue
eiiieaeniiio aea/aiith i?aaeiaoa, aeeeaaea? aeani? i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iiaeaeueoiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
oaeaiiaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Oaanue eiiieaen i?iaeai, cacia/aiee o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? — oea ni?iaa noai?aiiy oi?aa?naeueii?
eeaneo?eaoe?eii? iiaeae? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeaa?c?eii? i?ia?aie,
aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?? ?icaeoeo oa iioei?caoe?eieo aniaeo?a ia
ia?niaeoeao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioi?iaoe?y, ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaeaaa/aiiy, oei
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaeai?ia?aie, aeai?ia? iniaeeaino?, ia?nii?o?eaoe?y,
cia?aaeaeueia anoaoeea, eie??, ?i?aeae iniaenoino?, i?ioan?eia
ae?yeuei?noue aeo?iae?noa.

* * *

Goyan V.V. Information TV programme: typological characteristic,
parameters of journalist’s activity. — Manuskript.

Thesis for getting scientific degree of a candidate of philological
sciences on speciality 10.01.08 — a journalism. — Institute of
Journalism of Taras Shevchenko’s University in Kyiv, Kyiv, 1999.

This thesis investigates the formation and development of informational
television in Ukraine, as well as analyzes the type and form of making
TV programmes, specifics of a journalist’s professional activity and the
process of obtaining and presenting information. The author scrutinizes
the mechanisms of structural and typological construction of
informational TV programmes, which are directly linked with stylistic
and genre peculiarities and for the first time introduces a number of
projects (personification of information, image of a personality,
descriptive aesthetics, coloristics) which help to comprehensively study
the subject. The author lays down his practical recommendations as to
the further functioning of informational television in Ukraine. The
entire complex of problems contained in the thesis is an attempt to
create a universal classification model of informational TV programme,
to determine the laws of its development as well as the optimum aspects
for the perspective.

Key words: information, informational television, type of informational
TV programme, genre peculiarities, personification, descriptive
aesthetics, color, image of a personality, journalist’s professional
activity.

* * *

Aiyi A.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay oaeaaeceiiiay i?ia?aiia: oeiieiae/aneay
oa?aeoa?enoeea, ia?aiao?u aeayoaeueiinoe aeo?iaeenoa. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.01.08 — aeo?iaeenoeea. — Einoeooo
aeo?iaeenoeee Eeaaneiai oieaa?neoaoa eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo enneaaeiaaiea noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey a Oe?aeia
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai oaeaaeaeaiey, aiaeec oeiioi?iiia?aciaaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaeai?ia?aii, niaoeeoeee i?ioanneiiaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe aeo?iaeenoa a i?ioeanna iieo/aiey e ioia?aaeaiey
eioi?iaoeee. Aaoi? ?anniao?eaaao iaoaieciu no?oeoo?iiai e
oeiieiae/aneiai iino?iaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaeai?ia?aiiu,
iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiie ni noeeenoe/aneeie e aeai?iauie iniaaiiinoyie,
aia?aua aaiaeeo ?yae i?iaeoeee (ia?niieoeeaoeey eioi?iaoeee, eieaeae
ee/iinoe, ecia?aceoaeueiay ynoaoeea, oeaao), niinianoaothuea
eiiieaeniiio eco/aieth i?aaeiaoa, i?aaeeaaaao nianoaaiiua i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee, eanathueany aeaeueiaeoaai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiiiai oaeaaauaiey a Oe?aeia.

A ?aaioa aia?aua oai?aoe/anee ii?aaeaeaiu oeiieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe
i?ia?aii eioi?iaoeeiiiiai oaeaaeaeaiey Oe?aeiu ia?aie iieiaeiu 90-o
aiaeia, ?anniio?aiu aeai?iaay oa?aeoa?enoeea oeiia i?ia?aii, oeaao ia
oaeaaeaeaiee e ecia?aceoaeueiay ynoaoeea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaeai?ia?aii,
/oi ?aiaa a oaeie i?iaeoeee ia enneaaeiaaeinue. A nayce n oai, /oi a
iao/iuo ?acoeueoaoao, iieo/aiiuo ?aiaa, ia aeoeaioe?iaaeinue
aeinoaoi/iiai aieiaiey ia i?iaeaiao ye?aiiie ?aaiou aeo?iaeenoa a
eioi?iaoeeiiiie i?ia?aiia, a aeenna?oaoeee iieo/eee aeaeueiaeoaa
?acaeoea iaoiaeeea ia?niieoeeaoeee eioi?iaoeee e eco/aiea ?iee ee/iinoe
a eioi?iaoeeiiiii oaeaaauaiee, i?ioanneiiaeueiay oa?aeoa?enoeea
aeo?iaeenoa-eioi?iaoeeiiueea eae oaeaaeceiiiiai ia?niiaaea.

Aace?oynue ia nianoaaiiuo iaaethaeaieyo, ?acoeueoaoao i?iaaaeaiiuo
enneaaeiaaiee, aeenna?oaio i?aaeeaaaao a ?aaioa i?aeoe/aneea
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaoeeoeea i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe
aeo?iaeenoia a eioi?iaoeeiiiii oaeaaauaiee: auai? e ecae?aoaeueiinoue
oaeac?eoaey, ?aaioa n oaenoii, iiene nianoaaiiiai noeey, eieaeaea,
i?aaiecaoeey ia?aoiie nayce e o.ae. Oaeaea iiaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
ioaeaeueiui ooieoeeiiaeueiui eciaiaieyi a eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaeai?ia?aiiao
Oe?aeiu, a eiaiii: no?oeoo?a e aa?noea i?ia?aii, iaoiaeeea e noeeenoeea
iiaea/e eioi?iaoeee, ynoaoeea ecia?aaeaiey ia oaeaye?aia e
oeaaoiii?aaeaeaiea eaae?a aeey anao oeiia i?ia?aii eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
oaeaaauaiey.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia ?ac?aoatho aeiiieieoue
o/aaiue eo?n ii oe?aeineie eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaeaaeo?iaeenoeea iiauie
?ac?aaioeaie a noa?a nicaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo i?ia?aii, ?ai?aaiecaoeee
nouanoaothueo, a eioi?uo iaoiaeeea eiiioieeaoeee, no?oeoo?iua
iniaaiiinoe o?aaotho nouanoaaiiuo eciaiaiee. Nia?aiiue iaoa?eae i
caeiiiia?iinoyo nicaeaiey a Oe?aeia ?uiea oaeaaeceiiiie eioi?iaoeee
iiaeao auoue eniieueciaai aeey iiaeaioiaee niaoeeo?nia “Eioi?iaoeeiiiay
oaeai?ia?aiia a Oe?aeia — ia?aoiae e ie?iaui oi?iaoai ?acaeoey” eee
“Iiaue oei aeo?iaeenoa a eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaeai?ia?aiia”. Eae
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i?aeoeea, nooaeaioai-aeo?iaeenoai /aua anaai
i?eoiaeeony ia/eiaoue nianoaaiioth i?ioanneiiaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue a
eioi?iaoeeiiiii oaeaaauaiee, iiyoiio aiciiaeiui n/eoaaony eiiieaeniia
ioia?aaeaiea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee aeenna?oaioa a niaoeeaeueiuo
o/aaiuo iiniaeyo.

Aanue eiiieaen i?iaeai, ii?aaeaeaiiue a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa — yoi
iiiuoea nicaeaiey oieaa?naeueiie eeanneoeeaoeeiiiie iiaeaee
eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaeaaeceiiiie i?ia?aiiu, ii?aaeaeaiea caeiiiia?iinoae aa
?acaeoey e iioeiecaoeeiiiuo aniaeoia ia ia?niaeoeao.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioi?iaoeey, eioi?iaoeeiiiia oaeaaeaeaiea, oei
eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaeai?ia?aiiu, aeai?iaua iniaaiiinoe, ia?niieoeeaoeey,
ecia?aceoaeueiay ynoaoeea, oeaao, eieaeae ee/iinoe, i?ioanneiiaeueiay
aeayoaeueiinoue aeo?iaeenoa.

* * *

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo_________1999 ?. Oi?iao 60o84/16.

Aa?i?oo?a “Oaein”. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,38. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,05.

Iaeeaae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? .

Iaae?oeiaaii o iaa/aeuei?e ae?oea?i? ?inoeoooo aeo?iae?noeee

Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

254119, Ee?a-119, aoe. Iaeueieeiaa, 36/1.

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