?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe

Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie

I?ieiiaiei Aiae??e ?aaiiae/

OAeE 370.12 + 371.671.1 = 20

?IOI?IAOe?EIA OAOIIEIA?ssEAENE*II? EAAE?IAO??? AeEAeAEOE*IEO CANIA?A
(IA I?EEEAAe? I?Ae?O*IEE?A AIAE?ENUeEI? IIAE)

13.00.04 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea i?ioan?eii? ina?oe

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio oeaio?? aeaeo?io?ce/ii? ia?iaee
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeia? Aieiaeeie? Aa?aneiiae/,

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee oeaio? aeaeo?io?ce/ii? ia?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii iiaeaethaaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ?
nenoaiiiai aiae?co (i.Oa?e?a).

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie

Aii/a?aiei Naiai Onoeiiae/,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi??? i?ioan?eiiai iaa/aiiy o
caeeaaeao i?iooaoina?oe (i. Ee?a);

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Eia/eia ??eia Ieoaee?aia,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
caa?aeoth/a iaa/aeueiith /anoeiith (i. Ee?a).

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “12” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae  26. 451. 01  a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee ?
ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 254060, i. Ee?a,
aoe. I. Aa?eeinueeiai, 9, 5-e iiaa?o, cae can?aeaiue.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee
? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie (254060, i. Ee?a, aoe.
I. Aa?eeinueeiai, 9)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “26” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oeeaoeuenueea A. I.

2

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa aeioe?euei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeoie ina?oe a
Oe?a?i? a ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioaeno? coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue iineeaiiy
oaaae noni?euenoaa aei yeino? iaa/aiiy. O 80-oeo ?ieao ye?noue noaea
oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith aeui? ina?oe o ?a?ii?. O e?a?iao ?a?iiaenueei?
ni?eueiioe caii/aoeiaaii ?icaeoie nenoai ioe?ithaaiiy yeino? ina?oe.
Aaeeeo ?ieue o eiioeaio?aoe?? coneeue o oeueiio iai?yi? a?ae?a?a?
I?aai?caoe?y Ia‘?aeiaieo Iaoe?e, cie?aia Eii?n?y c ieoaiue ina?oe, iaoee
oa eoeueoo?e (UNESCO). Caaaeyee ?e aoee noai?ai? oae? oeaio?e, ye
?a?iiaenueeee oeaio? aeui? ina?oe (CEPES), Oi?aae?iiy yeino? aeui?
ina?oe ?a?iie (QMEHE), ?a?iiaenuee? a?oie aeaaeai?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy
(EGAA) oa ioe?ithaaiiy yeino? e ae?aaeeoaoe?? aeu?o iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a (QAJA).

?ioaa?aoe?y Oe?a?ie o ?a?iiaenueeo ni?eueiioo coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue
iie?ioaiiy yeino? a?o/eciyii? ina?oe ?, ye iane?aeie, noeioeth? ?ic?iaeo
oai??? e iaoiae?a eaae?iao??? ina?oe (a?ae eao. qualis — yei? yeino? oa
a?aoe. metria — aei??thaaiiy) — aaeoc? iaoee i?i iaoiaee e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee yeino? ina?oe. Iie?ioaiiy yeino? ina?oe aaciina?aaeiuei
iia‘ycaia c aoaeoeai?noth i?ioeano iaa/aiiy, iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
eiiiiiaio?a yeiai ? aeeaeaeoe/i? caniae, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny a iueiio.
Aeey ioe?ithaaiiy aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a o?aaeeoe?eii canoiniaothoueny
iaoiaee iaaeaaia?/ii? aenia?oece oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee
aeeaeaeoe/iiai caniao a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?. Ie?ai? ni?iae i?yiiai
ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a iaee o?aaiaioa?iee, a ia
nenoaiiee oa?aeoa?. Oea iiynith?oueny ye neeaaei?noth naiiai ia‘?eoa,
oae ? a?aenooi?noth ?ino?oiaioa??th aeey eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: cania?a,
iaoiae?a, aeai?eoi?a. C iiyaith ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e noaa iiaeeeaei
?icaeoie oaeiai iaoeiaiai iai?yio, ye i?yia eaae?iao??y aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a, o ?one? yeiai aeeiiaii aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O oe?e aaaeeea?e i?iaeai? aeine?aeaeoaaeinue a?eueo aocueea eiei
ieoaiue:

· i?iaiae?ciaaii oaenoia? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??: i?ae?o/ieee, iaa/aeuei?
iin?aieee, ?a?no?e ne?a, neiaieee c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia —
neia‘yinueeeo, aa?iainueeeo, ?iiainueeeo;

· ?icaeyiooi i?yio eaene/io eaae?iao??th aeacaieo aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie oa oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii a ?aieao
aca?iiae?? iaa/aeueii-iaoeiaiai eiiieaeno Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai oeaio?o
aeaeo?io?ce/ii? ia?iaee IAI Oe?a?ie c Oa?e?anueeei aea?aeaaiei
iaaeaaia?/iei oi?aa?neoaoii ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee ca?aeii c ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a Oe?a?i? o aaeoc?
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e.iaa/aiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoai? Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iei oeaio?ii aeaeo?io?ce/ii? ia?iaee IAI
Oe?a?ie a aeiaiai?? ? 2/6 37—97 a?ae 06.08.97 c I?i?noa?noaii Oe?a?ie o
ni?aaao iaoee oa oaoiieia?e, i?iaeo 06.02/00130 “Eiii‘thoa?i?
?aie?eaoi?e oa aaiii-i???ioiaaia i?iaeooaaiiy neeaaeieo eiii‘thoa?ieo
i?ia?ai”. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeth/ai? aei aeiaiai?o ? 1—95 a?ae
02.09.95 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. A.N.
Neiai?iaee c I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie ca oaiith: “?ic?iaea
iaa/aeueiiai eiiieaeno c eo?no ?ioi?iaoeee aeey caaaeueiiina?oi?o
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a Oe?a?ie c iiaeeaeaiei aea/aiiyi ?ioi?iaoeee”.

Ia‘?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeeaeaeoe/i? caniae — i?ae?o/ieee, iaa/aeuei?
iin?aieee, neiaieee, ?a?no?e ne?a c ?iicaiieo iia oa iaaeaaia?/ia
ioe?ithaaiiy ?o yeino?.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: eaene/ia eaae?iao??y i?ae?o/iee?a, iaa/aeueieo
iin?aiee?a, ?a?no??a ne?a, neiaiee?a c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia —
neia‘yinueeeo, aa?iainueeeo oa ?iiainueeeo.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe?, oai?aoe/iiio ia??oiooaaii? e
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? eaene/ii?
eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a: i?ae?o/iee?a oa iaa/aeueieo
iin?aiee?a c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia ia i?eeeaae? i?ae?o/iee?a c
aiae?enueei? iiae, a oaeiae eiiieaeno aaoiiaoeciaaieo cania?a i?yii?
eaene/ii? eaae?iao???.

Eiioeaiooaeueia ?aeay aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o oiio, ui no/ani?
?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? ? aaaiiei /eiieeii caaaa/aiiy ci?noo oa
aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy ? aeathoue ciiao ?aae?coaaoe i?yio eaene/io
eaae?iao??th aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

A?iioaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: iine?aeiaia aeei?enoaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei noai?aiiy:

· ?ino?oiaioa??th aeae?eaiiy oaiaoe/ieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue;

· aoaeiiieo cania?a — ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aei??thaaiiy;

· ?ino?oiaioa??th aeania aei??thaaiiy.

Ca oaeeo oiia iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe i?yio eaene/io eaae?iao??th
aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a. ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaoiieia?y, yeo iieeaaeaii a iniiao
a?iioace aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?ao?/ii cia?aaeaia ia ?en. 1 (aeea.n.3).

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe oa a?iioace aecia/ai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

· i?iaiae?coaaoe iaaeaaia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai? aeeaeaeoe/iei
caniaai, ?o oeiieia?? oa iaoiaeai ioe?ithaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaeoe oeiieia?th no/anieo aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a;

· oai?aoe/ii ia??oiooaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eio oaoiieia?th i?yii? eaene/ii?
eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia —
neia‘yinueeeo, aa?iainueeeo oa ?iiainueeeo;17

· noai?eoe eiiieaen aaoiiaoeciaaieo cania?a i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao???
oa ai?iaoaaoe eiai ia i?eeeaae? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo oe?eueieo
i?ae?o/iee?a aiae?enueei? iiae.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue: oai??y iaoeiaiai
i?ciaiiy, oai??y i?ae?o/ieea, oai??y nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei aea/aiiy
yaeu, i?ioean?a ? ae?yeueiino?; iieiaeaiiy ineoieia?/ii? iaoee i?i
caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy iai‘yo?, oai??y iaa/aiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: iieiaeaiiy i?i ci?no ? iiaeeeaino?
eaae?iao??? oa nenoaiaoecaoe?th aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, aeeeaaeai? o
i?aoeyo Aaaainueeiai TH.E., Aaee?iniia A.A.,Aeeiaa A.TH., Aaaay O.A.,
Aii/a?aiei N.O., ?aaeieeiiaa A.?., ?neiiaa A.I., Ca???aa ?.Ae., Co?aa
Ae.Ae., ?eue?ii? O.I., Eicaeiaa A.A., E?a?anueeiai A.A., E?eaiiina ?.O.,
Ea?ia?a ?.ss., Eiciai? A.?., Ieiiy A., Oicy?iiaa A.?., Oeeae A.O.,
Oaiiaaeaiea N.A. oa ?i.

Aecia/ai? caaaeaiiy coiiaeee aea?? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy: aiae?c
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, i?ae?o/iee?a oa
?ioeo aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaoiaee
ii?oieia?/iiai, eaene/iiai, neiaioai?/iai aiae?co aiaeiiiaieo oaeno?a;
iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee; iaoiaee no?oeoo?iiai oa iiaeoeueiiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee oa Oe?a?inuee?e a?iiac?? ?6 (i.Oa?e?a).
Aenia?eiaioii aoei ioiieaii 57 aeeeaaea/?a oa iiiaae 200 nooaeaio?a ?
oeiey??a. O oiae? aenia?eiaioo aeei?enoaii oaenoe oai??a aiae?enueei?
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ianyaii 24,5 Mb, ui noaiiaeoue aeecueei 3 900
000 ne?a; i?ae?o/ieee aiae?enueei? iiae aeey oe?e Oe?a?ie
(Noa?eiaa A.I., Ino?ianueeiai A.N.) oa Aiae?? (Oi?ia? A.N.).

I?aai?caoe?y oa aoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy: aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue
i?ioyaii o?ueio ?ie?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1996—1997??.) iniiaia oaaaa
aoea cina?aaeaeaia ia aeai?? oa iaa?oiooaaii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
aecia/aii? eiai ia’?eoa, i?aaeiaoa, caaaeaiue oa ?ic?iaoe? a?iioace.
Aea/aeanue oa aiae?coaaeanue o?einionueea, ineoieia?/ia oa iaaeaaia?/ia
e?oa?aoo?a c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae iaoiaee eiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy. Ia oeueiio aoai? aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiiy (1997—1999??.) ?ic?iaeyeeny oa
ai?iaiaoaaeeny i?ia?aii? caniae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e ?ica’ycoaaiiy
iinoaaeaieo o aeine?aeaeaii? caaaeaiue, neeaaeaeeny ?a?no?e ne?a ?
neiaieee, cae?enithaaeany ia?aa??ea io?eiaieo aeniiae?a o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? c o/anoth nooaeaio?a oa oeiey??a. Iine?aeiai?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ao?/ii a?aeia?aaeaia ia ?en. 2 (aeea. n.5).Aeaea?aeueio
aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue i?ae?o/ieee, neiaieee, aeia?aeieee,
no/ania a?o/eciyia ? ca?oa?aeia iaaeaaia?/ia, ineoieia?/ia, o?einionueea
e?oa?aoo?a, a?aeiiino? c i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeth/ai? aei nenoaie
INTERNET, oa ?i.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o:

· ?ic?iaoe? oeiieia?? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, ui a?aeia?aaea? no/aniee
noai oa oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy;

· oai?aoe/iiio ia??oiooaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii? eaene/ii?
eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a;

· aia?oa noai?ai?e oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ai?iaiaai?e ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e
oaoiieia?? i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? i?eioeeiiai
iiaiai iaoiaeo eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, yeee
nie?a?oueny ia canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioa??th no/anieo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e; iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeey
noai?aiiy iiaiai a?eueo aoaeoeaiiai iieie?iiy i?ae?o/iee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ii?aoethaaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
aeey aaoi??a iaa/aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee (aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 17 /a?aiy 1998 ?., 8
aa?aniy 1998 ?.). Aiie aa?eoee aei niaoeeo?no “Iniiae iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue” aeey nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiinoae “Iaoaiaoeea,
aiae?enueea iiaa”, “?ioi?iaoeea, aiae?enueea iiaa”, a oaeiae aei
niaoeeo?no “Oaenoia? i?ioeani?e oa e?iaa?noe/ia ia?iaea i?e?iaeiiiiaieo
(II) oaeno?a” aeey nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiinoae “Oe?a?inueea iiaa,
aiae?enueea iiaa”, “?in?enueea iiaa, aiae?enueea iiaa ”, “Aiae?enueea
iiaa , no?aei? iiae”.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? a ii?aoethaaii? iniiaieo ?aeae oa
iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie; oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a; ?ic?iaoe? ?a?no??a ne?a aiae?enueeiai ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy;
?ic?iaoe? aiae?enueei? /anoeie o iaa/aeueiiio oeoia/iiio
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei-aiae?enueeiio neiaieeo c eiii‘thoa?iciaanoaa;
noai?aii? aeai?eoi?a ? ?o i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe?? aeey i?yiiai
ioe?ithaaiiy i?ae?o/iee?a c aiae?enueei? iiae; i?aeaioiaoe? oa
ai?iaaoe?? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ioe?iee eaene/ii? neeaaeiino?
oaeno?a i?ae?o/iee?a c aiae?enueei? iiae.

A??ia?aei?noue oa ia??oioiaai?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoueny ?o noaoenoe/iei oa aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeiaaaeaiiyi,
o oiio /ene? c?noaaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a ia?iaee ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy ?
iaa/aeueieo oaeno?a c aiae?enueei? iiae; ia?aa??eith ?ic?iaeaieo
iaoiae?a aa?enoe/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy ia aaeeeiio ianyc? oaenoiaeo
iaoa??ae?a, aeei?enoaiiyi eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithth/eo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ii?aeiaiiyi e?euee?niiai oa ye?niiai aiae?co,
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi iniiaieo ?aeae a oiae? ?o aenia?aiaioaeueii?
ia?aa??ee.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

· oeiieia?y aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, ui a?aeia?aaea? no/aniee noai ?
oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? iaa/aiiy;

· oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii? eaene/ii?
eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a;

· caniae i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe?? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii?
eaene/ii? eaae?iao???, aeeth/ath/e:

— aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aeae?eaiiy i?yii? iiae c oai??a
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ye noaiiae, iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaii? aei
?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy;

— aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?eaaaeaiiy aiae?enueeeo
neiaioi?i aei eaiii?/ieo;

— iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neiaioai?/iai aiae?co
aeey aecia/aiiy nii??aeiaieo aea?eaao?a a aiae?enuee?e oa oe?a?inuee?e
iiaao;

— aoaeiii? caniae, ye? ooai?ththoue ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aei??thaaiiy,
cie?aia oaeaneii?/i? ?a?no?e ne?a ia 26 500 iaeeieoeue aeey a?eueiiai
aieiae?iiy iiaith, ia 9 000 iaeeieoeue aeey aeui? aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe ?
ia 3 000 iaeeieoeue aeey na?aaeiuei? ina?oe c eaeneeia?ao?/iei oa
/anoioiei oii?yaeeoaaiiyi;

— iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aecia/aiiy oaeeo eaene/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oaenoo, ye /anoioa aaeeaaiiy ? oe?ii?noue ne?a, ni?eueia ioe?iea /anoioe
aaeeaaiiy ? oe?iiino? ne?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny o iaa/aeueiiio oaeno?;

— iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio e?euee?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
?iiino? iaa/aeueiiai oaenoo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny,
iaaiai?thaaeeny oa aoee noaaeai? ia ??? I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??” (Oa?e?a —
Ooaina, 1997), nai?ia?? “I?aaiaa e?aa?iaoeea” Iaoeiai? ?aaee c i?iaeaie
“E?aa?iaoeea” IAI Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a, 1998), nai?ia?? ?iaeaia?ii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie ?c ooo/iiai ?ioaeaeoo (Oa?e?a, 1998), ?a?iiaenueeiio nai?ia?? c
iaoaiaoe/ii? ina?oe (I?ia//eia, Iniaa?the, 1998). Iiiia?ao?y ?
iaa/aeuei? iin?aieee aoee iaae?neai? ia caieo aei Aeaia?oaiaioo
nioe?aeueieo ? aoiai?oa?ieo iaoe A?ae?ioaee Eiia?ano (NOA, Aaoeiaoii,
1998 ?.) oa i?aaenoaaeai? ia I-II i?aeia?iaeieo aenoaaeao “No/ania
ina?oa Oe?a?ie” (1998, 1999 ??.) ? ?aa?iiaeuei?e aenoaaoe? “Ina?oa
Oa?e?aueie” (1998 ?.), aea aiie io?eiaee aeeieii ia?oiai nooiaiy.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oeaii o 12 iioae?eiaaieo
i?aoeyo, c ieo 6 iaienaii aac ni?aaaoi??a, o oiio /ene? 1 iaeiiin?aia
iiiia?ao?y, 2 iaa/aeueieo iin?aieee, 1 iaa/aeueiee oeoia/iee neiaiee, 2
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, 6 noaoae o i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo. Caaaeueiee ianya iniaenoiai aianeo noaiiaeoue 25,0
aaoi?nueeeo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe coiiaeaia iaoith oa caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ia?
oaeee aeaeyae: anooi, /ioe?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee aei ?icae?e?a, caaaeuei?
aeniiaee, nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 226 iaca ia 21 noi??ieao (o
oiio /ene? 11 aeaea?ae ?iicaiiith iiaith). Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? —
187 noi??iie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaiaoeciaaii o 19 oaaeeoeyo
ia 41 noi??ieao oa 10 ?enoieao ia 8 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai
ia‘?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/io aaco,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaii iaoeiao iiaecio ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e “Aeeaeaeoe/i? caniae oa ?o eaae?iao??y” i?enay/aii
ieoaiiyi eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a o iaaeaaia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Oeae iaoeiaee iai?yi noi?ioaaany caaaeyee ?icaeoeo
?icae?eo aeeaeaeoeee, yeee aea/a? caniae iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy
?, cie?aia, iaeei c ieo — i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

Nenoaiaoeciaaii iiaeyaee a/aieo, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaee caniae iaa/aiiy oa
?o oeiieia?th. Cacia/aii, ui ?niothoue iaai? ?ica?aeiino? o oeoia/aii?
iiiyooy aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a ? ??ci? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaee ?o
caaaeueii? oeiieia??. O aeine?aeaeaii? aoei i?eeiyoa aecia/aiiy a/aieo,
ye? aaaaeathoue, ui caniaaie iaa/aiiy ? an? ia‘?eoe ? i?ioeane
(iaoa??aeuei? ? iaoa??ae?ciaai?), eio?? noathoue aeaea?aeaie iaa/aeueii?
?ioi?iaoe?? oa ?ino?oiaioaie (aeania caniaaie) aeey canai?iiy ci?noo
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo, ?icaeoeo ? aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

A?naiae cania?a iaa/aiiy iaaoa cia/ieo ci?i c iiyaith ia?niiaeueieo
eiii‘thoa??a oa ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a ina?oo, ui aeooae?co? ?ic?iaeo
oeiieia??aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, yea a?aeia?aaea? no/anio neooaoe?th. O
ca‘yceo c oeei i?iiiio?oueny ? ia??oioiao?oueny iiaa oeiieia?y cania?a
iaa/aiiy:

— aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe?? (i?aeoeie: ae?eni?noue; iiaeae? ae?eniino?;
oaenoe, ui iienothoue ae?eni?noue, aai oaenoia? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??);

— oaoi?/i? caniae (i?aeoeie: ?ino?oiaioe noai?aiiy aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??;
?ino?oiaioe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??; ?ino?oiaioe aeinooio
aei aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??).

O oeiieia??, ui i?iiiio?oueny, ?aae?ciaaii ?aoe?iiaeueiee ?iciiae?e ia
oeie (nooo?aa noi?iia a?aeie?aieaia a?ae oaoi?/ii?) ? i?aeoeie
(aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe?? ca?oiiaai? a?aeiia?aeii aei nooiaiy
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ieo ciaiue i?i ae?eni?noue, ui ia?aaeathoueny; oaoi?/i?
caniae —a?aeiia?aeii aei ooieoe?iiaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy). Caniae
iaa/aiiy, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny o aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, iaeaaeaoue aei
oeio aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe?? oa i?aeoeio oaenoia? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aecia/aii nooi?noue eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a ?, ianaiia?aae,
oaenoiaeo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe??, na?aae yeeo i?ia?aeia i?noea iin?aea?
i?ae?o/iee. A?i ? iin??i ci?noo ina?oe ? cia/iith i??ith coiiaeth?
i?ioean canai?iiy oeueiai ci?noo, a oaeiae ?acoeueoao canai?iiy.
Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? i?aoe?, i?enay/ai? oai??? ? aiae?cia? yeino?
i?ae?o/ieea, aeeiiaii Co?aei Ae.Ae., Aaniaeueeii A.I., Oaiiaaeaieii N.A.
oa ?i. Oe?eueiao i???ioaoe?th aeey a?aei?aoethaaiiy e?eoa???a
ioe?ithaaiiy i?ae?o/ieea iaaea? aecia/aiiy eiai aeeaeaeoe/ieo ooieoe?e.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieeaaeai? a iniiao oeueiai iai?yio, aoee i?iaaaeai?
Aaee?iniiii A.A., Co?aei Ae.Ae., E?a?anueeei A.A., Ea?ia?ii ?.ss. oa ?i.
Caaaeueiiaeciaii, ui oeaio?aeueiith ooieoe??th i?ae?o/ieea ?
?ioi?iaoe?eia. Iaea?eueo iiaia nenoaia e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeey ioe?ithaaiiy i?ae?o/ieea aoea ?ic?iaeaia
Aaniaeueeii A.I. ? Co?aei Ae.Ae. ?acii c oei aeine?aeieee oai???
i?ae?o/ieea a?aecia/athoue a?aenooi?noue iaae?eieo e?eoa???a a?aeai?o
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo ?, ye iane?aeie, ioe?ithaaiiy yeino? i?ae?o/ieea.
O no/ani?e iaaeaaia?/i?e ?aaeueiino? ioe?ithaaiiy yeino? i?ae?o/ieea
nie?a?oueny ia ianiaee aenia?eiaio, ui aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aeineoue
iaae?eio ?ioaa?aeueio ioe?ieo. Oaea ioe?iea ia? iiina?aaeeiaaiee
oa?aeoa? ? ia aeicaiey? aeyaeoe aieea ie?aieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ae?o/ieea
ia i?aenoieiaee ?acoeueoao. C ?ioiai aieo, iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio ?
i?ioeaaeo?ith o?eaaeith, o?oaeii?noeith ? aaaea aei ii?ooaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano. O ca‘yceo c oeei, aacia?a/ii, iaaoaa?
aeooaeueiino? i?iaeaia aeyaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee i?ae?o/ieea, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue i?yiiio aei??thaaiith ? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye
ia‘?eoeai? iieacieee i?e aenia?oiiio ioe?ithaaii? i?ae?o/ieea aai ye
neeaaeia? eiai eaae?iao???.

O oeueiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oaeiae oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy
?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a.Iniiaiei aeaea?aeii e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a, ye? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? aeey iiaoaeiae i?yii? eaae?iao??? i?ae?o/iee?a, ? oaeno —
ia?aaaaeath/ee eiiiiiaio i?ae?o/ieea, yeee noaiiaeoue o na?aaeiueiio
65,9% eiai ianyao. Oaeno ? aaaaoiia?aiao?e/iei ia‘?eoii. O?aaiaioa?i?
ni?iae iiooeo ia?aiao??a aiae?co oaenoo i?ae?o/iee?a aoee cae?eniai?
Aaeao?oyiii I.A., Aaiaeaeyiii ?.I., Aoaeceeii ?.O., Iao?inii Ae.O.,
I?eeii ss.A., Ieiiai A., I?eai?nueeei I.?., Naeiaca?iaei O., Nioi?ii
A.I., Oaoaiii ?.AE. oa ?i. O eiioaeno? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaiiaeyoue ?ioa?an eeoa o? ia?aiao?e oaenoo, ye? ? nooo?aeie i?e eiai
ioe?ithaaii? c aeeaeaeoe/ieo iiceoe?e ? aeey yeeo iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaii
?o e?euee?nia aei??thaaiiy. Oea — eaene/i? ia?aiao?e oaenoo i?ae?o/ieea.
Eaene/ia eaae?iao??y iaea?eueo i?aai?/ii ia?aiineoueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??, ine?eueee iiaea nie?aoeny ia aeinyaiaiiy a oae?e aaeoc?, ye
eiii‘thoa?ia ia?iaea II-oaeno?a, aea aeei?enoiaothoueny noiae?
eiioeaiooaeuei? iiaeae?. Aiaeii/an iaiao?aeii caoaaaeeoe, ui eaene/ia
eaae?iao??y ia aeicaiey? aeaoe iiaio ioe?ieo i?ae?o/ieea, ine?eueee iica
?? oaaaith caeeoa?oueny ia o?eueee ioe?ithaaiiy a?aiaoeee, o?acaieia??,
noee?noeee oaenoo, aea e ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy ?aae?caoe?? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
ooieoe?e a ?o eiiieaen?.

I?ia?aeieie caaaeaiiyie eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? ? noai?aiiy
?ino?oiaioa??th aeae?eaiiy oaiaoe/ieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue, noai?aiiy
aoaeiiieo cania?a — ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aei??thaaiiy, noai?aiiy
?ino?oiaioa??th aeania aei??thaaiue. ?ica’ycaiiy eiaeiiai c o?ueio
cacia/aieo aeua caaaeaiue iio?aao? ?ic?iaee a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiae?a,
aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?aiieo cania?a, ye? ?acii noaiiaeyoue ?ioi?iaoe?eio
oaoiieia?th i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Noai?aiiy aoaeiiieo cania?a eaene/ii? eaae?iao???”
ie?aneth?oueny i?iaeaia ?ic?iaee ?ino?oiaioa??th aeey aeae?eaiiy
oaiaoe/ieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue ? noai?aiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace
aei??thaaiiy.

C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui aeey noai?aiiy aoaeiiieo cania?a iaiao?aeii,
aeoiaey/e c iaoe iaa/aiiy, i?ae?a?aoe oaenoiae ianeae, ye? iathoue
i?aeeyaaoe aiae?co, cae?enieoe ii?oieia?/io ii?iae?caoe?th ne?a, ui
aaeeaathoueny a oaenoao, ? aecia/eoe noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeeo
ne?a. sseui oaeee noaoenoe/iee aiae?c ioiieth? aeinoaoiuei aaeeeee ianya
oaeno?a, oi ia eiai i?aenoaa? neeaaea?oueny ?a?no? iaea?eueo oaeeaaieo
ne?a, yeee ? ?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aei??thaaiiy.

Aoaeiii? caniae iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe caaeaiiio ??aiaa? ina?oe — aeey
a?eueiiai aieiae?iiy iiaith, aeey aeui? aoiai?oa?ii? ina?oe, aeey
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee. I?e ?o noai?aii? iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/aoe oaeo
aeanoea?noue oaeaneii?/iino?: iaea ?ioi?iaoe?eia aaca io?eio?oueny ca
iaaieie i?aaeeaie c aaeeei?, yea, o naith /a?ao, ca oeie naieie
i?aaeeaie io?eio?oueny c ua a?eueoi? ? o.ae. Oaeei /eiii, iaea aaca
neeaaea?oueny c? ne?a, ye? iathoue iaea?eueo aenie? noaoenoe/i?
ia?aiao?e.

Iaaaaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th oaenoiaeo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey iaa/aiiy
aiae?enueei? iiae. ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee eaiii?caoe?? ne?a o oaenoao, ui
aiae?cothoueny, ? io?eiaii noaoenoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeey a?ae?a?aieo
ne?a. I?e oeueiio aeeo/aii c ?icaeyaeo neiaa-aioeiciaee — neiaa, ye? ?
iaea?eueo oaeeaaieie ? iaiao?aeieie aeey iiaoaeiae aoaeue-yeiai oaenoo
(i?eeiaiieee, a?oeee? ? oaea ?ioa), ine?eueee ?o o?aooaaiiy ii?ooo?
noaoenoeeo. Iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a ioe?ithaaiiy i?ae?o/iee?a aiae?enueei?
iiae ? iieaciee aeei?enoaiiy ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy a ?o oaenoao. Aeey
oaeiai aiae?co iaiao?aeii noai?eoe niaoe?aeuei? aoaeiii? caniae —
?a?no?e ne?a ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy. Oae? ?a?no?e a?aenooi? ye o
a?o/eciyi?e, oae ? a ca?oa?aei?e e?oa?aoo??. Iienaii aia?oa noai?ai? o?e
oaeaneii?/i? ?a?no?e ne?a aiae?enueei? iiae: iaeei – aeey a?eueiiai
aieiae?iiy iiaith – ia 26 500 ne?a; ae?oaee — aeey aeui? o?eieia?/ii?
ina?oe c aiae?enueei? iiae — io?eiaii oeyoii naeaeoe?? c ia?oiai ?a?no?o
9 000 iaea?eueo aaeeaaieo ne?a; o?ao?e — aeey caaaeueii? na?aaeiuei?
ina?oe — naeaeoe??th ?c ae?oaiai 3 000 iae/ano?oa aaeeaaieo ne?a. Ia?o?
aeaa ?a?no?e ne?a oii?yaeeiaai? eaeneeia?ao?/ii, a o?ao?e — ca /anoioith
aaeeaaiiy ne?a. Oaeei /eiii, aia?oa noai?aii aoaeiii? aeeaeaeoe/i?
caniae, ui noaiiaeyoue ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aei??thaaiiy. Oey aaca
aeeth/a? ia?ae?e ne?a, yeee ia? aooe o aeeaeaeoe/ieo caniaao, ui
i?ecia/athoueny aeey iaa/aiiy ? a?eueiiai aieiae?iiy iiaith.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a” aiae?cothoueny iaoiaee eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a (neiaici?iiiai ? neiaioai?/iai aiae?co), ui aeei?enoai? ye
iniiaa noai?aiiy ?ino?oiaioa??th e?euee?nieo aei??thaaiue.

Iaoiaee neiaici?iiiai aiae?co aeeth/athoue iine?aeiaia ?ica’ycaiiy
caaaeaiue ioe?ithaaiiy oaeeo ia?aiao??a: e?eueeino? ? /anoioe aaeeaaiiy
ne?a o oaeno?; /anoioe aaeeaaiiy ? oe?iiino? ne?a a?aeiia?aeii aei
noai?aieo aoaeii?a; aaeoi?ii? /anoioe aaeeaaiiy, yea oa?aeoa?eco?
aca?iica‘ycie i?ae /anoioith aaeeaaiiy neiaa ? e?euee?noth eiai
oeoia/aiue a aiae?enuee?e /e ??aei?e iia?. Neiaioai?/ee aiae?c
iia‘ycaiee ?c aaaaeaiiyi iiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee II-oaeno?a —
?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?iiino?. Oey oa?aeoa?enoeea nie?a?oueny ia eaene/iee
?iciiae?e, ca yeei aecia/a?oueny oaii aaaaeaiiy iiaeo ne?a, ? eaene/io
?ioi?iaoe?eio ?ii?noue, c yeith iia‘ycaia neeaaei?noue ni?eeiaiiy
oaenoo. Ni?eeiaiiy oaenoo oei eaaoa, /ei a?eueoa a iueiio iaeiiei?aiaaeo
ne?a, /eia?eueo noiae? aiie c? neiaaie ??aeii? iiae ? /ei iaioa
aeiaaeeia ne?a. Iaaaaeaii iien aeai?eoi?a, ui aeicaieythoue
cae?enithaaoe neiaici?iiee ? neiaioai?/ee aiae?c oaenoo.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e “I?ia?aiia ?aae?caoe?y ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia??
eaene/ii? eaae?iao???” i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe i?ia?aiii? ?aae?caoe??
?ic?iaeaiiai a aeine?aeaeaii? i?aeoiaeo aei eaene/ii? eaae?iao???
aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

?ic?iaeaia a?ae?ioaea i?ia?ai ? a?aee?eoith ? iiaea iiiiaithaaoeny
?ioeie i?ia?aiaie ?ica‘ycaiiy caaaeaiue aiae?co oaeno?a, cie?aia
i?ia?aiaie iiooeo oaeno?a ca caaeaiith oaiith, noai?aiiy neiaiee?a
??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy ? oaea ?ioa.

Iiaeaii iien ci?noo a?ae?ioaee, a oaeiae iniaeeainoae ?? ?aae?caoe??
caniaaie iiae Borland Pascal.

AENIIAEE

Oaeei /eiii, o oiae? oai?aoeei-aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
ae??oaii an? iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iaoeiao a?iioaco.
?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen cania?a i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? aoei i?aeaeaii
aenia?oi?e ioe?ioe? oao?aoe?a c ?ioi?iaoeee, aiae?enueei? o?eieia??,
iaaeaaia?a – iiaaoi??a. A?i i?ieoia ai?iaaoe?th a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao ?3 ? ?6 i. Oa?eiaa. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Ia iniia? aiae?co iaaeaaia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeaie
aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a ? ?o oeiieia?? aeiaaaeaii, ui ?nioth/? oeiieia??
ia a?aeia?aaeathoue no/anio neooaoe?th, yea neeaeany a ?acoeueoao?
?icaeoeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiii‘thoa?ieo cania?a iaa/aiiy. O ca‘yceo c
oeei ?ic?iaeaii iiao ???a?o?/io oeiieia?th aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a,
ca?aeii c yeith aiie iiae?eythoueny ia oeie (aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??,
oaoi?/i? caniae) ? a?aeiia?aei? i?aeoeie. O oe?e oeiieia?? ia‘?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoia ?aeue?oia a?aeia?aaeaiiy: a?i aecia/a?oueny ca
oeiii ye aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??, ca i?aeoeiii — oaenoia? aeaea?aea
?ioi?iaoe??.

2. Cae?eniaii oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? oaoiieia?? i?yii?
eaene/ii? eaae?iao??? cania?a iaa/aiiy, a naia: oaenoiaeo aeaea?ae
?ioi?iaoe?? c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia — neia‘yinueeeo,
aa?iainueeeo, ?iiainueeeo.

Oey oaoiieia?y aeeth/a? ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeaiue uiaei noai?aiiy:

· ?ino?oiaioa??th aeae?eaiiy oaiaoe/ieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue;

· aoaeiiieo cania?a — ?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy;

· ?ino?oiaioa??th aeania aei??thaaiiy.

3. ?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii eiiieaen cania?a i?yii? eaene/ii? eaae?iao???
aeey oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a c aiae?enueei? iiae.

Oeae eiiieaen cania?a aeeth/a?:

· aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aeae?eaiiy i?yii? iiae c oai??a
ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e ye noaiiae, iaeneiaeueii iaaeeaeaii? aei
?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy;

· aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?eaaaeaiiy aiae?enueeeo
neiaioi?i aei eaiii?/ieo;

· iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aaoiiaoeciaaiiai neiaioai?/iai aiae?co
aeey aecia/aiiy nii??aeiaieo aea?eaao?a a aiae?enuee?e ? oe?a?inuee?e
iiaao;

· aoaeiii? caniae — ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aei??thaaiiy, yea aeeth/a?
oaeaneii?/i? ?a?no?e ne?a ?iciiaiiai iiaeaiiy ia 26 500 iaeeieoeue aeey
a?eueiiai aieiae?iiy iiaith, ia 9 000 iaeeieoeue aeey aeui? aoiai?oa?ii?
ina?oe ? ia 3 000 iaeeieoeue aeey na?aaeiuei? ina?oe c eaeneeia?ao?/iei
? /anoioiei oii?yaeeoaaiiyi;

· iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aecia/aiiy oaeeo eaene/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oaenoo, ye /anoioa aaeeaaiiy ? oe?ii?noue aaeeoeo ne?a, ni?eueia ioe?iea
/anoioe aaeeaaiiy ? oe?iiino? ne?a;

· iaoiae, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio e?euee?niiai ioe?ithaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii?
?iiino? iaa/aeueiiai oaenoo.

4. ?ic?iaeai? aoaeiii? caniae noaiiaeyoue cia/iee ?ioa?an, ui aeoiaeeoue
ca iaae? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaeaneii?/i? ?a?no?e ne?a ?iciiaiiai
iiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye eaene/i? i?i?ioie i?e aea/aii?
aiae?enueei? iiae o caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao ? aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao.

5. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee, aeai?eoie ? i?ia?aie iathoue
naiino?eia cia/aiiy ? iiaeooue ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy a ??ciiiai?oieo
caaea/ao eiii‘thoa?ii? ia?iaee II-oaeno?a, iai?eeeaae, oaeeo, ye
aeae?eaiiy eeth/iaeo ne?a, e?iaa?noe/ia ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y oiui.

Aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? i?iaeai eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a. Iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aaothoue iaoiaee
eaae?iao?e/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy i?ae?o/iee?a c aaciaeo iaa/aeueieo
aeenoeeie?i oe?eueieo oa aoc?anueeeo i?ia?ai.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?? A?AeAEOI A IOAE?EAOe?ssO:

1. I?ieiiaiei A.?. E?euee?ni? iaoiaee ioe?iee i?ae?o/iee?a aiae?enueei?
iiae: Iiiia?ao?y Ca ?aae. Aaeia?a A.A.— Oa?e?a: A?cian ?ioi?i, 1997.—
142 n. (?in. iiaa).

2. I?ieiiaiei A.?., Aaeia? A.A., Aaee?i A.E. Aeiiii?ei-aeieia?/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee Ca ?aae. Aaeia?a A.A.— Oa?e?a:
A?cian ?ioi?i, 1997.— 360 n. (aaoi?nuee?: N. 22-25, 28-35, 37-97,
116-134), (?in. iiaa).

3. Caniae oa iaoiaee ia?iaee ??ciioeiii? ?ioi?iaoe??: Iaa/aeueiee
iin?aiee / A?eioniaa E.?., Ea?iiaa A.I., I?ieiiaiei A.?., Noiey?aanueea
A.E.— E.: 1997.— 178 n. (aaoi?nuee?: N. 13-72), (?in. iiaa).

4. I?ieiiaiei A.?., A?icao?a I.Ae., Aaeia? A.A. Eiii‘thoa?iciaanoai:
oe?a?inueei-?in?enueei-aiae?enueeee iaa/aeueiee oeoia/iee neiaiee / Ca
?aae. Aaeia?a A.A., A?icao?aa I.Ae.— Oa?e?a: A?cian ?ioi?i, 1997.—
344 n. (aaoi?nuee?: N. 241-264, N. 11-218 (aiae. oa?i?ie)).

5. I?ieiiaiei A.?., Ioe?iee eaene/ii? neeaaeiino? oaeno?a i?ae?o/iee?a
aiae?enueei? iiae: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.— Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1998.— 20
n.

6. I?ieiiaiei A.?., Niiaeuei?eiaa I.A. Aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia aenia?oieo
aei??thaaiue o iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?yo: Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.—
Oa?e?a: OAeIO, 1998.— 18 n. (aaoi?nuee?: N. 3-5).

7. I?ieiiaiei A.?. Aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue iaaeaaia?/ii? oaoiieia?? //
Caniae iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe: Iaoeiaee a?niee.— Oa?e?a: OAeIO.—
1996.— Ae-ione 1.— N. 72.

8. I?ieiiaiei A.?. Iaoiaeieia?y aei??o o iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?yo //
Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: Iaoeiaee a?niee.—
Oa?e?a: OAeIO.— 1997.— Aeione 2.— N. 133-138.

9. I?ieiiaiei A.?. E?euee?niee aiae?c aeaio oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a c
aiae?enueei? iiae ia iiaoi?thaai?noue ne?a // Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: Iaoeiaee a?niee.— Oa?e?a: OAeIO.— 1997.—
Aeione 2.— N. 138-152.

10. I?ieiiaiei A.?., ?oae?iaoeueeee A.?. Aeae?eaiiy a oe?a?inuee?e iia?
ei?ai?a ?c cao?aeii?a?iiaenueeeo iia aeey aea/aiiy inoaii?o ye iaoeiaa
i?iaeaia // Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.— Oa?e?a: OAeIO.— 1998.— Aeione 6.— N. 251-257
(aaoi?nuee?: N.254-257).

11. I?ieiiaiei A.?., Eaio?aa I.A. Aaoiiaoeciaaia neeaaeaiiy oeoia/ieo
oaiaoe/ieo neiaieeia aeey oe?e // Caniae iaa/aeueii? oa
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.— Oa?e?a: OAeIO.—
1998.— Aeione 6.— N. 258-264 (aaoi?nuee?: N.261-264).

12. I?ieiiaiei A.?. I?ae?o/iee: no/ani? iaoiaee ioe?ithaaiiy // Caniae
iaa/aeueii? oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.—
Oa?e?a: OAeIO.— 1998.— Aeionee 8-9.— N. 73-74.

I?ieiiaiei A.?. ?ioi?iaoe?eia oaoiieia?y eaene/ii? eaae?iao???
aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a (ia i?eeeaae? i?ae?o/iee?a aiae?enueei? iiae).—
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe c niaoe?aeueiino? 13.00.04 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe.—?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII
Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iia?e iaaeaaia?/i? i?iaeai? — i?yi?e eaene/i?e
eaae?iao??? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, ui ??oioo?oueny ia ?ioi?iaoe?ei?e
oaoiieia??. ?? ae??oaiiy aeeth/a? caaaeaiiy noai?aiiy: ?ino?oiaioa??th
aeae?eaiiy oaiaoe/ieo eaene/ieo iaeeieoeue; aoaeiiieo cania?a —
?ioi?iaoe?eii? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy; ?ino?oiaioa??th aeania aei??thaaiiy.
Cai?iiaiiaaia oaoiieia?y oai?aoe/ii ia??oioiaaia aeey eaae?iao???
oaenoiaeo aeaea?ae ?ioi?iaoe?? c iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia —
neia‘yinueeeo, aa?iainueeeo, ?iiainueeeo. Noai?aiee eiiieaen cania?a
ai?iaiaaii ia i?eeeaae? iaea?eueo iioe?aieo oe?eueieo i?ae?o/iee?a
aiae?enueei? iiae. ?ic?iaeaii oeiieia?th aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?ioan?eia iaaeaaia?ea, eaae?iao??y ina?oe, aeeaeaeoe/i?
caniae, eaene/ia eaae?iao??y aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a, ?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??.

I?ieiiaiei A.E. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay oaoiieiaey eaene/aneie eaaeeiao?ee
aeeaeaeoe/aneeo n?aaenoa (ia i?eia?a o/aaieeia aiaeeeneiai ycuea).—
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.04 — oai?ey e iaoiaeeea i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey.— Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee e ineoieiaee i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
ia?aciaaiey AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iiaie iaaeaaiae/aneie i?iaeaia — i?yiie
eaene/aneie eaaeeiao?ee aeeaeaeoe/aneeo n?aaenoa, iniiaaiiie ia
eioi?iaoeeiiiie oaoiieiaee. Aa ?aoaiea aeeth/aao caaea/e nicaeaiey
eino?oiaioa?ey auaeaeaiey oaiaoe/aneeo eaene/aneeo aaeeieoe; yoaeiiiuo
n?aaenoa — eioi?iaoeeiiiie aacu ecia?aiey; eino?oiaioa?ey nianoaaiii
ecia?aiee. I?aaeeaaaaiay oaoiieiaey oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia aeey
eaaeeiao?ee oaenoiauo enoi/ieeia eioi?iaoeee ii iniiaiui aa?iiaeneei
ycueai: neaayineei, aa?iaineei, ?iiaineei. Nicaeaiiue eiiieaen n?aaenoa
ai?iae?iaai ia i?eia?a iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo oeieueiuo o/aaieeia
aiaeeeneiai ycuea. ?ac?aaioaia oeiieiaey aeeaeaeoe/aneeo n?aaenoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?ioanneiiaeueiay iaaeaaiaeea, eaaeeiao?ey ia?aciaaiey,
aeeaeaeoe/aneea n?aaenoaa, eaene/aneay eaaeeiao?ey aeeaeaeoe/aneeo
n?aaenoa, eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee.

A. Prokopenko. Information Technology of Didactic Means Lexical
Qualimetry (based on the English language textbooks). Manuscript.

The dissertation is submitted for a candidate of pedagogical science
degree in the speciality 13.00.04 — theory and methods of professional
education.— Institute of Pedagogics and Psychology of Professional
Education of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to a new problem of the pedagogy — direct
lexical qualimetry of didactic means, what is based on the informational
technology.

This work consists of an introduction and 4 chapters.

The first chapter tells about psychological and pedagogical researches,
devoted to didactic means and their typology, problem of didactic means
qualimetry.

The second chapter tells about creating master means, i.e. the base of
the direct lexical qualimetry of training texts, which are devoted for
teaching colloquial English language.

The third chapter deals with questions of criteria assessment of
training texts.

The fourth chapter tells about program realization of lexical
qualimetry.

While working on this research, there have been obtained the following
results:

1. On the basis of pedagogical researches, devoted to didactic means and
their typology, there has been shown, that existing typologies do not
reflect the contemporary situation, which has turned to what we have now
due to development and introduction of computer teaching aids. That is
why there has been worked out a new typology of didactic means, where
the research object has found an eidetic reflection.

2. There has been found the theoretical grounds for informational
technology of the didactic means lexical qualimetry — text information
sources in main Western European languages: Slavonic, Germanic, Romanic.
This technology includes solving the problems of creating tooling for
separating thematic lexical units, master means — informational database
of the research, tooling for measuring itself.

3. There has been worked out and tested a complex of the direct lexical
qualimetry means for school textbooks of the English language. This
complex includes algorithm and program for separating the direct speech
from the literature works making a sub-language, which is close to the
colloquial language as much as possible; algorithm and program for
transforming English word forms into canonical ones; method, algorithm
and program for the automatic word creation analysis for determining
derivatives in English and Ukrainian languages; master means —
informational database of measurement, which includes telescopic
vocabularies of colloquial language with 26 500 units for free
knowledge, with 9 000 units for the higher classical education, with 3
000 units for secondary education with lexicographical and frequency
ranking; method, algorithm and program for determining such lexical
characteristics of a text as frequency and value of used words, common
assessment of frequency and value of words; method, algorithm and
program for quantity assessment of informational capacity of the
training text.

4. There have been worked out master means (telescopic vocabularies of
colloquial language words), which are of great interest outstepping this
research.

5. The worked out methods, algorithms and programs is of self-supporting
importance and can be used in various tasks of computer processing the
NL-texts.

Key words: professional pedagogy, education qualimetry, didactic means,
lexical qualimetry of didactic means, information technologies.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo 10.03.1999Oi?iao 60o84 1/16Iai??. ae?oe.Oiia. ae?oe.
A?e. 1,0Iae?e aeae. a?e. 1,0Oe?aae 100 i?ei.Cai. ? 56

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