17

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

O?CE*IIAI AEOIAAIIss ? NII?OO OE?A?IE

AeAIUeEI A?EAI??E AIEIAeEIE?IAE*

OAeE:796.81.071.5

?IAeEA?AeOAE?CAOe?ss O?AIOAAEUeIIAI I?IOeANO

AI?Oe?A AENIEI? EAAE?O?EAOe?? O OeEEEAO

AACIINA?AAeIUeI? I?AeAIOIAEE AeI CIAAAIUe

24.00.01 — Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AIEEI

AAEA??E OAAeIN?EIAE*, Iaoe?iiaeueiee

oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie,

aeaeai oaeoeueoaoo nii?oeaieo ?aeeiiai?noa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

CAII?IAEAIIA AAAeEI IEAENAIAe?IAE*,

Aeaaeai?y o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, i. Aaeaiuenuee, Iieueua,
i?ioani?-eiinoeueoaio;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IAOAA?A

NA?A?E OAAeI?IAE*, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?

eaoaae?e ie?ii?enueeiai ? i?ioan?eiiai nii?oo.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo,
i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 1 aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. 30 oa. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.829.01 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, Ee?a—150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, Ee?a—150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 23 eeiiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, E.ss.
?aauaiei

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c oai??? oa i?aeoeee i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a
aenieiai eeano, ?acoeueoaoe /eneaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? oai??? oa
iaoiaeeee nii?oeaiiai o?aioaaiiy, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny ca inoaii? ?iee,
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe iniiai? iai?yiee, ye? iaoiiaeththoue i?ia?an
nii?oo o na?o? (Aieei A.O., 1982; Caii?iaeaiia A.I., 1988; Ieaoiiia
A.I., 1997 oa ?i.). Aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo c ieo i?ia?aei? a/ai? oa oao?aoe?
nii?oo a?aeiinyoue noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia, iino?eio
eiieo?aioe?th ia ciaaaiiyo oa o o?aioaaeueieo caiyooyo ? aeei?enoaiiy ?o
ye oaeoi?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?, a?eueo iiaii? iia?e?caoe??
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ?aca?a?a i?aai?cio oa iioei?caoe?? aaeaioaoeaieo
i?ioean?a nii?oniai?a (Iaoaa?a E.I., 1991; Eieania I.?., 1993; Ieaoiiia
A.I., Aoeaoiaa I.I., 1995 oa ?i.). ?aae?caoe?y oeeo iai?yie?a i?ae /an
i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a aenieiai eeano o?niei /eiii iiaycaia c
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe??th o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano, iniaeeai o oeeeeao
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

Iaiao?aei?noue oeueiai aeeeeea? iino?eii c?inoath/ee ??aaiue aeinyaiaiue
o nii?o?, caaino?aiiy eiieo?aioe?? ia ciaaaiiyo o e?a?i? oa o na?o?, ui
a naith /a?ao, aeeeeeaei ca?eueoaiiy ianyao cania?a o?aioaaiiy, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny o i?aeaioiaoe? nii?oniai?a. O cayceo c oeei aaeeeiai
cia/aiiy o ia?aaeciaaaeuei?e i?aeaioiaoe? aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo ai?oe?a
iaaoaa? iioya aei aeei?enoaiiy ?ooiaeo ?aaeei?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
?aaeeio oo?i???a aai ia?aaeuothoue eiai ca ?ioaineai?noth aeyao
niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? nii?oniai?a.

C?inoaiiy aeiia aei niaoe?aeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? nii?oniai?a
aeayeith i??ith ciaioo? ae?aiacii aeyao ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth
aaaeaiiy ii?aeeie?a oa ca?eueoo? cia/ei?noue ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe??
o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano (Aeaoiianueeee A.N., Eauaiei N.N., 1989; ssaaeei
A., 1991; ?aaiia A.A., 1993).

Oaeei /eiii, aeoiaey/e ?c caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue i?i oa, ui
i?ioean i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? iiaeiai iineoe
aeinoaoiuei ae?aaeaiee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee oa?aeoa? oa a?oiooaaoeny ia
ia?eoeai?e ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio ai?oe?a ia ??ciiiai?oi?
o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, iiaeia ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoiaeieia?? ea?oaaiiy noaiii niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a ia
aoai? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy
niaoe?aeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei
iniaeeainoyi nii?oniai?a, ? ?icaycaiiyi caaea/ i?aeaioiaee
aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo nii?oniai?a.

Caycie ?iaioe c ieaiaie IAe?. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c?
Caaaeaiei ieaiii IAe? IOOAN Oe?a?ie ia 1995—1999 ??., ocaaaeueiaiith
oaiith 1.2.5 (? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0196U010522) oa i?eaaoiith oaiith
“?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ai?oe?a aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? o oeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue”.

Iaoa ?iaioe — iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe oaoiieia?th ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
iiaoaeiae o?aioaaiiy o oeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
ciaaaiue, yea aaco?oueny ia ae?aaiinoeoe? iioi/iiai noaio niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? ca iieacieeaie
nainiiioi?ii? nenoaie oa oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a ?ooiai?
ooieoe??.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ii?aoethaaoe eiiieaen ?ioi?iaoeaieo iieaciee?a c iaoith iioi/iiai
eiio?ieth ca noaiii niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? oa ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe i?iaiinoe/i?noue oano?a ca oiia
i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a aei ciaaaiue.

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe oaoiieia?th aeei?enoaiiy iieaciee?a iioi/iiai eiio?ieth
ca oiia iianyeaeaiiiai o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

3. ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean ai?oe?a aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? o i?e?ioeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

3. Noi?ioethaaoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c
ei?aeoe?? o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano c o?aooaaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae ai?oe?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy oa oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? i?ea?iaeueiiai eiiieaeno eiio?ieueieo
iieaciee?a oa oaoiieia?? i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoue caaaeueiioai?aoe/i?
ciaiiy o aaeoc? eiio?ieth o nii?o?, iaaoo? aeaeaoieie oao?aoeyie ia
iiia?aaei?o aoaiao o ?acoeueoao? iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie oano?a, yea
eiiieaenii oa?aeoa?eco? noai oa?aee?nii-neeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a,
niaoe?aeueii? aeo?eaaeino? oa nainiiioi?ii? nenoaie ai?oe?a. Oaeei
/eiii, aia?oa noi?iiaaia aoaeoeaia oaoiieia?y iioi/iiai eiio?ieth
i?aeaioiaeaiino? ai?oe?a, ui aeicaiey? ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe i?aeaioiaeo
aei ciaaaiue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia ?icaycaiiyi iecee
i?eeeaaeieo caaea/, ye? aeicaieythoue aaeineiiaeeoe oaoiieia?th
ea?oaaiiy o?aioaaeueiei i?ioeanii oa ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe i?aeaioiaeo
ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? aei ciaaaiue ia i?aea?oio? aeei?enoaiiy:

— ?ioi?iaoeaiiai eiiieaeno eiio?ieueieo iieaciee?a noaio niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a o i?e?ioeeeeao o?aioaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e oeeeee
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei aieiaieo ciaaaiue;

— iiaeaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee niaoe?aeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??, ye? aeicaieythoue ?icaycoaaoe caaea/?
a?aeai?o aei iniiaiiai neeaaeo eiiaiae, aeeth/ath/e iaoe?iiaeuei?
eiiaiaee aeey o/ano? o i?aeia?iaeieo ciaaaiiyo, iaea?eueo i?aeaioiaeaieo
nii?oniai?a;

— oaoiieia?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a,
yea aeicaiey? aea/eoe oa?aeoa? oa?i?iiaeo oa a?aenoaaeaieo ?aaeoe?e
i?aai?cio nii?oniai?a ia caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o i?aeoeoe? caniae oa iaoiaee
i?aeaioiaee. Cai?iiiioaaoe ia oeueiio i?aea?oio? nii?oniaiai oae?
iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? a a?aeiia?aeaee caaaeuei?e no?aoaa?? i?aeaioiaee oa
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei iniaeeainoyi ai?oe?a; iioei?coaaoe o?aioaaeueiee
i?ioean, aeeth/ath/e oeeeee aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue c
oaeei ?ic?aooieii, uia aei aeiy ciaaaiue ai?oe? ciaoiaeeeeny o noai?
iaeneiaeueii aeniei? i?aoeacaeaoiino? a?aeiinii caaaeueiiai ??aiy
i?aeaioiaeaiino? ia aoai? o?aioaaiiy;

— aaaaoi??/iiai aeina?aeo ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??, yeee
ae?aaea?oueny o eiie?aoieo ieaiao iiaoaeiae o?aioaaiiy o oeeeeao
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a aei a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ciaaaiue,
aeeth/ath/e /aii?iiaoe na?oo oa ?a?e Ie?ii?aae.

Oe? ?ic?iaee nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoue i?eeeaaei? ciaiiy o ieoaiiyo
i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a, iaea?aeai? o ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aaaaoueia
oao?aoeyie o nii?oeai?e ai?iouea? (Aeio?i ?.I. oa ?i., 1972; Aieei A.O.,
1982; Ao?ae?i I.O., Aaooi I, 1983; Aieiaee I.?., 1993 oa ?i.).

?aae?caoe?y ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa ?ic?iaie cae?enith?oueny o ?iaio?
iaoeiai? a?oie ?c caaacia/aiiy i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a ca??ii? eiiaiaee
Oe?a?ie aei /aii?iiao?a na?oo, ?a?iie, Ie?ii?enueeeo ?ai?, o ?iaio?
eeoa?a c ai?ioueae, i?ae /an /eoaiiy eaeoe?eieo eo?n?a c ai?ioueae o
o?ceoeueoo?ieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o aecia/aii? iai?yieo, iaoe,
eiie?aoecaoe?? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeiie/aii? oai?aoe/iiai oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaoa??ae?a, aiae?c? io?eiaieo aeaieo. O aeaio
noi?nieo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue aeai? iaaeaaia?/ieo
aenia?eiaio?a, ?o ii?aoethaaiiy oa i?aeoe/i? aeniiaee.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aaenoaaeai? o aeaio aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae?e
?aeeiiai?noa oa aoeaoecio Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue o ?iaio? iaoeiaeo a?oi c
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy ca??ii? eiiaiaee Oe?a?ie c a?eueii?
ai?ioueae oa i?ia?aeieo nii?oeaieo eeoa?a e?a?ie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
a?aeiia?aeieie aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? o iaoeiaeo ?iaioao,
iioae?eiaai? o o?ueio niaoe?aeueieo aeaeaiiyo, aeaio a?ioo?ao,
iaoa??aeao i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 167 noi??ieao,
ai?uo? 20 oaaeeoeue, n?i ?enoie?a, neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a,
aeeth/ath/e iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. O ?iaio? aeei?enoaii 200 e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae, c yeeo 42 — ?iicaii?.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ai?oe?a, iaoa oa caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe, iniaenoee
aianie aeena?oaioa.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano nii?oniai?a oa iniaeeaino?
?o ?aae?caoe?? o ai?iouea?” i?noeoueny aiae?c aeaieo e?oa?aoo?e c
ieoaiue oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue i?iaeaie ea?oaaiiy o
iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiiio i?ioean? oa eiio?ieth o i?e?ioeeeeao ia aoai?
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue, iniaeeainoae i?aai?caoe??
o?aioaaiiy ai?oe?a ia?aae a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ciaaaiiyie.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue”
i?aaenoaaeai? caaaeuei? a?aeiiino? i?i aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeee oa
i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue.

??aaiue caaaeueii? oa niaoe?aeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
aecia/aany c aeei?enoaiiyi iaaeaaia?/ieo oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a. Ianoaaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue c aeei?enoaiiyi oaeeo iaoiae?a:
aei??thaaiiy iaeneiaeueii? neee o noaoe/iiio oa aeeiai?/iiio ?aaeeiao,
aei??thaaiiy oaeaeeino?, aecia/aiiy oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy /aniaeo,
neeiaeo oa i?inoi?iaeo oa?aeoa?enoee niaoeeo?/ieo ai?aa, aei??thaaiiy
??aiy iaeneiaeueiiai niiaeeaaiiy eenith, ??cieo o?aeoe?e iaeneiaeueiiai
eeniaaiai ai?ao i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy oanoiaeo ai?aa ia aaeia?aiiao??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Aenia?eiaioaeueia iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno
iieaciee?a iioi/iiai eiio?ieth niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a o
i?e?ioeeeeao o?aioaaiiy” i?aaenoaaeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea ie?aieo iieaciee?a
oano?a oa i?ia?ai, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue niaoe?aeueio o?ce/io
i?aeaioiaeai?noue ai?oe?a.

?ioi?iaoeai?noue oano?a iioi/iiai eiio?ieth aecia/aeanue ia i?aenoaa?
ni?anoaaeaiiy iianyeaeaiii? aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a, ye? ?a?no?oaaeeny, o
nii?oniai?a, c aeeiioaaieie o?aioaaeueieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie oa
nii?oeaiith iaenoa?i?noth ai?oe?a. C oe??th iaoith ?ic?aoiaoaaeenue
ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? i?ae ?aiaii nii?oniaia ca iieacieeaie
nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino? ianoaaeoaaieo ai?oe?a oa ?acoeueoaoaie o
eiio?ieueieo oanoao.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oeueiai ?icae?eo na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?eueo
nooo?a? ei?aeyoe?ei? caeaaeiino? i?ae aeaieie nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino? oa
eiio?ieueieie oanoaie aeyaeeenue noiniaii neeiaeo iieaciee?a,
aeo?eaaeino?, oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy ??cieo neeiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee,
aiaa?iaii? iiooaeiino? oa ?i. (oaae. 1).

Aiae?c ei?aeyoe?eieo caeaaeiinoae i?ae ?acoeueoaoaie oano?a o ai?oe?a
iieaco? oaeiae ??ciee oa?aeoa? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa iayai?noue nooo?aeo
a?aei?iiinoae o ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iieacieeao nii?oniai?a, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i iaiaeii??aei?noue oa?aeoa?o i?aeaioiaee oa iayai?noue nooo?aeo
a?aei?iiinoae o i?aeaioiaeaiino? nii?oniai?a.

Aeai? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui iieacieee, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny, aeicaieythoue aeinoaoiueith i??ith ioe?ieoe ??aaiue
niaoe?aeueii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ai?oe?a. ?acii c oeei a?aoiaoaaeinue, ui
iayai?noue aenieiai ??aiy ei?aeyoe?eieo aca?iicayce?a i?ae eiie?aoieie
iieacieeaie iiia?aaeaeoaaea ia?aeaeueio ci?io ?o o i?ioean? o?aioaaiiy,
a oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaoe iaeei ?c oano?a — iaea?eueo
?ioi?iaoeaiee.

I?ae /an oi?ioaaiiy eiiieaeno iae?aeenue eiio?ieuei? oanoe, ye?
a?aeia?aaeothoue niaoeeo?/i? cae?aiino?, ye? e?i?oothoue c?inoaiiy ??aiy
nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino? ai?oe?a.

Oaaeeoey 1

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea iieaciee?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
iioi/iiai eiio?ieth niaoe?aeueii? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ai?oe?a

?

i/iIieacieeEiao?oe??io

ei?aeyoe??

(r)Eiao?oe??io

iaae?eiino?

(rtt)1.W15 — aeaeoaoia aiaa?iaia iiooaei?noue o15-naeoiaeiiio
a?aiiao?e/iiio oano?, AO·ea—10,5790,8902.W60 — eaeoaoia aiaa?iaia
iiooaei?noue o60-naeoiaeiiio a?aiiao?e/iiio oano?,
AO·ea—10,8000,6603.*NN120 — a?aeiiaeaiiy /anoioe nei?i/aiue na?oey aei
120 ca 1 oa., n.0,3170,8704.W240 — iiooaei?noue ?iaioe o 240-naeoiaeiiio
a?aiiao?e/iiio oano?, AO·ea—10,4930,6705.INEa?aei — a?aeiinia
niiaeeaaiiy eenith, Ie·oa—1·ea—10,4000,6506.Eaa?aei — a?aeiiniee
iaeneiaeueiee eeniaaee ai?a, ie·ea—10,2700,6507.Fmax — iaeneiaeueia
neea, ea0,8400,5508.F 50 % — a?aeoai?aiiy 50 % neee, ea0,8930,5609.t1 —
/an aeinyaiaiiy F 50 %, in0,7010,52010.t2 — a?aeoai?aiiy t1 aac
iaoyaeaiiy, in0,7310,51011.90? — oi/i?noue a?aeoai?aiiy eooa o
e?eoueiaiio noaeia?, a?aaeone0,7340,88012.EA — eiao?oe??io aeo?eaaeino?,
a?aei. iae.0,7370,57013.?A — ?iaeaen aeo?eaaeino?, a?aei. iae.0,8590,660

I?ei?oea: r — ei?aeyoe?y iieacieea c ??aiai iaenoa?iino? nii?oniai?a;

rtt — aioo??oiueioanoiaa ei?aeyoe?y.

Oaeei /eiii, iai aaeaeiny noi?ioaaoe eiiieaen iieaciee?a c iaoith
iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a
aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??, yeee ? ?ioi?iaoeaiei ? ia iio?aao? cia/ii?
e?eueeino? /ano ia ianoaaeaiiy nii?oniai?a.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e — “Iioei?caoe?y o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?aaeoe?e nii?oniai?a ia o?aioaaeuei?
iaaaioaaeaiiy”. ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aoei io?eiaii c aeei?enoaiiyi
o?aioaaeueiiai eiiieaeno eiio?ieueieo iieaciee?a, aeicaieeee aeyaeoe
caeaaei?noue i?ae aeeiioaaieie o?aioaaeueieie iaaaioaaeaiiyie oa ci?iaie
noaio o?aioaaeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a i?ioyaii ia?aaeciaaaeueiiai
i?e?ioeeeeo o?aioaaiiy (oaae. 2), i?aeoaa?aeeee e?oa?aoo?i? aeai? i?i
iayai?noue oaeeo aca?iicayce?a oa aeicaieeee ?icoe?eoe io?eiai? oyaeaiiy
i?i iiaoaeiao o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano o i?e?ioeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei?
i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ci?no o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ia aoai? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue

(aeaioeaeiaaee oeeee)

AeaiueNi?yiiaai?noue o?aioaaiiyIaaaioaaeaiiyCi?no ie?aiiai caiyooy1-a
caiyooy2-a caiyooyIiiaae?eieAaeineiiaeaiiy o oaoieoe? ?
oaeoeoe?Na?aaei?E?in — 35 oa

Niaoe?aeuei? ai?aae — 40 oaEeeei: aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii?
iaenoa?iino?:

— no?eea — 5 oa o 8;

— ia?oa? — iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e — 5 oa o
2A?aoi?ieOaeaee?nii-neeiaa, oaoi?ei-oaeoe/iaIaeneiaeueiaEeeei:
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii? iaenoa?iino?:

— ia?oa?

(5 oa o 2) o 4 iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e — (30 n o 2) o
4Eeeei: aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii? iaenoa?iino?:

— no?eea —10 oa o 8;

— iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e — 8 oa o
2Na?aaeaA?aeiiaethaaeueiaIaeaIa?ia aaiy, ianaaeI?iaoeyiea ia i?noeaaino?
— 90 oa*aoaa?Oaeaee?nii-neeiaa, oaoi?ei-oaeoe/iaAaeeeaEeeei:
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii? iaenoa?iino?:

— ia?oa?

(5 oa o 2) o 4; a?e — (30 n o 2) o 4Eeeei: aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii? iaenoa?iino?:

— no?eea — 5 oa o 8;

— iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e — 8 oa IyoieoeyAaeineiiaeaiiy o oaoieoe?
? oaeoeoe?IaeneiaeueiaEeeei: aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii?
iaenoa?iino?:

— no?eea —

5 oa o 8;

— iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e —8 oaEeeei: aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoi?ei-oaeoe/ii? iaenoa?iino?:

— ia?oa?

(5 oa o 2) o 2

— a?e — (30 n o 2) o 4;

no?eea —

iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiee a?e — 8 oaNoaioaA?aeiiaethaaeueiaIaeaIa?ia
aaiy, ianaaeI?iaoeyiea ia i?noeaaino? — 90 oaIaae?eyAeoeaiee
a?aeii/eiieIaeaNii?oeai? ?a?e —60 oa

Aeyaeaii, ui ?aaeoe?? ??cieo nii?oniai?a ia iaeiaeiao o?aioaaeueio
i?ia?aio ia ni?aiaaeaee (?en. 1). Aeey iaeieo nii?oniai?a oa?aeoa?ia
ciaioaiiy oaeaee?nii-neeiaeo iieaciee?a ia /aoaa?oee oa oinoee aeaiue
i?e?ioeeeeo, a c?inoaiiy noaio i?aoeacaeaoiino? aeyaeyeiny ia o?ao?e oa
iyoee aeaiue i?e?ioeeeeo. O ?ioeo ai?oe?a i?e i?aoeacaeaoiino?
i?eoiaeeany ia /aoaa?oee oa nueiiee aeaiue i?e?ioeeeeo. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeoieo i?i oa, ui i?ioean i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? ia? cae?enithaaoeny noai?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii, iniaeeai o
no?oeoo?ieo ooai?aiiyo o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ia aoaiao
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a iaeneiaeueii? neee IN A. Eiieoeinueeiai (1)
oa IN E. Iiaeueieea o i?e?ioeeee? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
ciaaaiue.

C i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o, io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe oe?eaa? oei, ui
iieacothoue iaiiaeeea?noue ioe?iee iianyeaeaiii? aeeiai?ee eieeaaiue
noaio niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a ca aeiiiiiaith iaeiiai,
iaa?oue iae?ioi?iaoeai?oiai iieacieea. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeia
?icae?eueia eiiieaenia ioe?iea noaio ??cieo o?ce/ieo yeinoae, ooieoe?e
oa nenoai i?aai?cio nii?oniai?a.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue ia aaeaeiny ciaeoe iiynithaaieo
caeiiii??iinoae i?i ?aaeoe?? ai?oe?a ??cieo aaaiaeo eaoaai??e ia
o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny. Oae, ai?oe? aaaiaeo
eaoaai??e 54—63 ea aeyaeeeny iaea?eueo noaa?eueieie o ?aaeoe?yo ia
caieaiiaai? o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy ca iieacieeaie iaeneiaeueii?
neee. Eieeaaiiy iieaciee?a neee, ye? ?a?no?oaaeeny, o ??cieo nii?oniai?a
neeaaeaee 11,4 %. A oie aea /an ca iieacieeii ?iaeaeno aeo?eaaeino? oe?
ae ai?oe? a?ae??ciyeeny iaeei a?ae iaeiiai a?eueoith i??ith, i?ae aeaio
?ioeo a?oi o aaaiaeo eaoaai??yo 69—85 ea oa 97—130 ea (32 %).

O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ia aeeaey/enue ia yne?aai ae?aaeaiee
?iaeea?aeoaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe?e ie?aieo ai?oe?a ia o?aioaaeueio
i?ia?aio oeeeeo aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue,
i?inoaaeo?oueny iaaia caaaeueia caeiiii??i?noue ci?ie i?aoeacaeaoiino? o
??ci? aei? i?e?ioeeeeo (?en. 2).

?en. 2. Aeeiai?ea iieacieea iaeneiaeueii? neee caaaeueii? a?oie ai?oe?a
o i?e?ioeeee? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

I?eaa?oa? oaaao oa, ui iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee i?aoeacaeaoiino?
ai?oe?a aeyaeyeeny ia ae?oaee oa nueiiee aeaiue i?e?ioeeeeo. ?acii c
oeei, ia ae?oaee aeaiue i?e?ioeeeeo na?aaei? iieacieee a?oie noaaaee
aeaui aeueie, a aeenia?n?y iieaciee?a neee ieae/ith, i?ae ia nueiiee
aeaiue. sseui ?icaeyaeaoe oeae oaeo c oi/ee ci?o i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a
aei ciaaaiiy, yea oiiaii ieaioaaeiny ia e?iaoeue oeaeiy, oiaoi ia
nueiiee aeaiue, oi iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui oaeee ieai
iiaoaeiae o?aioaaiue iaaeinoaoiuei aeineiiaeee, ine?eueee a?oia ai?oe?a,
ye ?aeeia oe?ea, ia ae?oaee aeaiue i?e?ioeeeeo aoea o e?auiio noai? — 89
% ai?oe?a o oeae aeaiue aeaiiino?oaaee iaea?eueo aenie? iieacieee
a?aeiinii ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo na?aaei?o ca oeaeaeaiue. A oie, /an ye aei
oiiaiiai aeiy ciaaaiue aeui? i?aoeacaeaoiino? aeinyaei eeoa 63 %
nii?oniai?a.

?acii c oei aiae?c ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?aaeoe?e nii?oniai?a ia ie?ai?
o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eiaeiiai aeiy o
i?e?ioeeee?, aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui o caaaeuei?e a?oi?
ai?oe?a aeae?eeeiny aea? eaoaai??? nii?oniai?a. Iaei? c ieo o iaaeao
ieaio i?aeaioiaee aei oiiaiiai aeiy ciaaaiue aeeoee ia aenieee ??aaiue
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, yeee ia?aaeuo? ??aaiue iiia?aaei?o aei?a
i?e?ioeeeeo. Aeey oe??? eaoaai??? nii?oniai?a cai?iiiiiaaiee ieai
i?aeaioiaee aeyaeany aaeaeaaoiei ? aeicaieea ?icaycaoe caaea/?
i?aeaioiaee aei aieiaiiai ciaaaiiy o noai? i?aeaeuaii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Aeey ae?oai? eaoaai??? ai?oe?a oaea iiaoaeiaa o?aioaaiiy i?ecaaea aei
iaaaoeaiiai aoaeoo — iecueei? i?aoeacaeaoiino? aei aeiy ciaaaiue.

Oey ianoaaeia aeeeeeaea iaiao?aei?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aiae?co oa
eeaneo?eaoe?? ai?oe?a ca oeiii ?aaaoaaiiy ia caieaiiaai? o?aioaaeuei?
caaaeaiiy (oaae. 3). Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea aeae?eeoe aea? a?oie
ai?oe?a.

Aei a?oie A oa?eoee nii?oniaie, ye? aaeaeaaoii ?aaaoaaee ia
o?aioaaeueio i?ia?aio ? aei e?ioey oeeeeo (oiiaiiai aeiy ii/aoeo
ciaaaiue) aeaiiino?oaaee a?aeiinii aenie? iieacieee niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ye? ia?aaeuothoue na?aaeiueioeaeiaaee ??aaiue.

Aei a?oie A oa?eoee ai?oe?, o yeeo o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy
iiia?aaei?o caiyoue o oeaeiaaiio oeeee? aei oiiaiiai aeiy ii/aoeo
ciaaaiue i?ecaaee aei iaaaoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoo — ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?

Oaaeeoey 3

?icae?eueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aa??aoeaiino? iieaciee?a niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a a?oie A (/ene?aiee) oa a?oie A (ciaiaiiee)o
i?e?ioeeee? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue (V %)

Eiio?ieuei? Aei? oeeeeo
o?aioaaiiyiieacieee1-e2-e3-e4-e5-e6-e7-eFmax11,3/13,16.9/8.610,9/12,85,6
/11,49,9/10,38,9/9,77,3/9,050% a?ae
Fmax16,8/14,527,1/26,817,5/19,715,3/17,128,1/28,414,6/15,613,9/14,1?A14,
7/13,919,0/21,218,3/19,620,2/18,520,6/19,818,9/20,118,0/19,5I?ei?oea:
a?oia A — ai?oe?, ye? aeinyaee aeniei? i?aoeacaeaoiino? aei aeiy
ciaaaiue(n=19); a?oia A — ai?oe?, ye? ia aeinyaee aeniei?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? aei aeiy ciaaaiue (n=13)

?acoeueoaoe oe??? na??? aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaoiaeeea
i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a aei ciaaaiue iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/aoe aea/aiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ?aaeoe?e oa oa?aeoa? i?io?eaiiy a?aeiiaethaaeueieo
i?ioean?a o ai?oe?a i?ney iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? oeiia? aeey caaaeueii?
nenoaie o?aioaaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e aeua iienai? iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio ai?oe?a ia
o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy o i?e?ioeeeeao i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaeeny iecueeith a?aeoai?thaai?noth ?aaeoe?e iaeiiai ? oiai
ae nii?oniaia ia ie?ai? o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? iiaoi?ththoueny
o noi?aeieo i?e?ioeeeeao, oa nooo?aei iani?aiaaeaiiyi ?aaeoe?e ??cieo
ai?oe?a ia iaeio e oo ae o?aioaaeueio i?ia?aio, ie aeciaee iiaeeeaei ?,
i?e?iaeiuei, aeioe?eueiei aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
iianyeaeaiii? ei?aeoe?? o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue caeaaeii a?ae oiai,
o yeiio noai? ciaoiaeeany ai?aoeue aaciina?aaeiuei aei ii/aoeo /a?aiaiai
o?aioaaeueiiai caiyooy.

?acii c oeei, caaaeueia noaia iiaoaeiae o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue o
oeeee? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue caeeoaeanue i?eioeeiiai
iaci?iaiith. Iaeiae, e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniiaieo cania?a
o?aioaaiiy ia?aaeaa/aee ?o aa??aoeai?noue caeaaeii a?ae
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae ai?oe?a ?, cie?aia, a?ae iieaciee?a
iioi/iiai eiio?ieth, ye? ia?eoeaii oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai nii?oniaia aei
ii/aoeo /a?aiaiai o?aioaaeueiiai caiyooy.

Iaea?eueo oe?iieie aeey i?aeoeee nii?oo iiaeia aaaaeaoe iao?
?acoeueoaoe, ye? ?ice?eaathoue niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e
i?aai?cio ai?oe?a ia caaaeueii i?eeiyo? o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy o
i?e?ioeeeeao o?aioaaiiy, oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? ca?aene aeieeaathoue, c
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ii?ioaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo i?ia?ai, cie?aia, ia aoai?
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

Oeae iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue oaeiae ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c caaaeueieie
aeiiaaie aei i?aai?caoe?? o?aioaaiiy, ?ice?eaa? niaoeeo?/i? iniaeeaino?
i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a a iaeiiio ?c neeaaeieo oa o?oaei?iieo aeae?a nii?oo,
ye? aeiaaathoue iaeneiaeueiiai aeyao o?ce/ieo oa ineo?/ieo aeya?a
nii?oniai?a.

O iyoiio ?icae?e? — “Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue”
i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiie aeeiiaii? ?iaioe, o ?acoeueoao? yei? aoee:

— i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i a?aenooi?noue aeinoia??ieo aeaieo
i?i iaoiaeieia?th aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a aei aieiaieo
ciaaaiue, aeeth/ath/e /aii?iiaoe na?oo, ?a?iie, Ie?ii?enuee? ?a?e, ia
i?aenoaa? aeineiiaei? i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth, yeee aeicaiey?
?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean (Aeaoiianueeee A.N., Eauaiei
N.N., 1989; ssaaeei A., 1991; Iiaeeia A.A., 1981).

— o ?acoeueoao? ocaaaeueiaiiy ia?aaeiaiai aeina?aeo oa ca ?acoeueoaoaie
iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue nenoaiaoeciaai? ? ?icoe?ai?
caaaeueii-oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy o aaeoc? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth o i?e?ioeeeeao
o?aioaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e i?e?ioeeeee aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
ciaaaiue;

— io?eiai? iia? aeai?:

— i?i oaoiieia?th iioi/iiai eiio?ieth niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
ai?oe?a a?eueiiai noeeth aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??;

— i?i ??aaiue ?ioi?iaoeaiino? oa iaae?eiino? niaoe?aeueieo
oano?a aeey cae?eniaiiy iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?aoeacaeaoi?noth ai?oe?a;

— i?i iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e ??cieo ai?oe?a ia iianyeaeaii?
iaaaioaaeaiiy o i?e?ioeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue;

— i?i iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a c iaoith
?icaycaiiiy caaea/ ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa iaae?eieo oano?a aeey
i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a.

Aeniiaee

1. Aiae?c a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy ia?aaeiaiai aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano c iiceoe?e oai??? ea?oaaiiy o nii?o?,
ye? aeeeaaeai? o ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??, iieacaee nai?/ani?noue
oa aeioe?euei?noue ii?aoethaaiiy iaoiaeieia?? aaciina?aaeiuei?
i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a aei aieiaieo ciaaaiue, aeeth/e /aii?iiaoe na?oo oa
?a?e Ie?ii?aae.

2. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ice?eaathoue iniiai?
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth o
caaaeuei?e noai? ia?aaeciaaaeueii? i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a a?eueiiai noeeth
aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??, ye? aeicaieythoue ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe
o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean ia i?aenoaa? caaaeueieo aeiia aei ea?oaaiiy, ye?
?aae?cothoueny o nii?o? aeueo aeinyaiaiue.

3. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoa iaoiaeieia?y iaa?oiooaaiiy eiiieaeno
?ioi?iaoeaieo oano?a oa iieaciee?a, ye? ?a?no?othoueny ? ia?eoeaii
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iioi/i? iianyeaeaii? ci?ie niaoe?aeueii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a o i?e?ioeeeeao o?aioaaiiy. Ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo
oano?a, ye aia?aoo iioi/iiai eiio?ieth, ?ice?eoa oaoiieia?y ea?oaaiiy
o?aioaaeueiei i?ioeanii nii?oniai?a o i?e?ioeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei?
i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue. Iieacaia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
ii?ioaaiiy o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia aoai? aaciina?aaeiuei?
i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

4. Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeine?aeaeaiue aea/aia ?ioi?iaoeai?noue
o?eiaaeoeyoe niaoe?aeueieo oano?a, ye? a?iioaoe/ii aenoioo? c iaoith
iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a. Ca aeiiiiiaith
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co a?ae?a?aia a?oia iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieo c ieo
noiniaii nii?oeaii? iaenoa?iino? nii?oniai?a. Aei oe??? a?oie oa?eoee:
iieaciee iaeneiaeueii? neee i?ae /an caeiaiiy o e?eoueiaeo noaeiaao (r —
0,840), oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy 50 % iaeneiaeueii? neee (r — 0,893),
oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy /ano aeinyaiaiiy 50 % iaeneiaeueii? neee (r —
0,731), oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy eooa o e?eoueiaiio noaeia? (r — 0,734),
eiao?oe??io aeo?eaaeino? (r — 0,737), ?iaeaen aeo?eaaeino? (r — 0,859)
oa iieaciee iiooaeiino? ?iaioe o 60-naeoiaeiiio a?aiiao?e/iiio oano? (r
— 0,800).

5. Iaae?ei?noue oeeo oano?a ca oiia iioi/iiai eiio?ieth
?ic?aoiaoaaeanue o aeaio iai?yieao. Ii-ia?oa, aecia/aeinue a?aeoai?aiiy
iieaciee?a i?ae /an iiaoi?iiai aei??thaaiiy a iaeei ? oie aea aeaiue
oeeeeo. C oe??th iaoith aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co
i?ae ia?oith oa ae?oaith ni?iaaie o aei??thaaii?. Iaea?eueo iaae?eieie o
oe?e caaea/? aeyaeeeny iieacieee oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy eooa o e?eoueiaeo
noaeiaao (r — 0,880), a?aeoai?aiiy 50 % iaeneiaeueii? neee (r — 0,560),
?iaeaeno aeo?eaaeino? (r — 0,660) oa iaeneiaeueii? neee (r — 0,550).

Ii-ae?oaa, ?ic?aoiaoaaeanue ?aeeiini?yiiaai?noue ?aaeoe?e ai?oe?a o
eiaeiee c aei?a oeeeeo. Aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae
aeaioaeoi?iiai aeenia?n?eiiai aiae?co. Noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia
ni?aiaaeaiiy ?aaeoe?e ai?oe?a ia o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy aeyaeyeiny o
iieacieeao iaeneiaeueii? neee, oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy 50 % iaeneiaeueii?
neee, ?iaeaeno aeo?eaaeino? oa iaeneiaeueii? a?aiiao?e/ii? iiooaeiino? o
60-naeoiaeiiio oano?.

6. Ca aeiiiiiaith iieaciee?a iaeneiaeueii? neee, oi/iino? a?aeoai?aiiy
coneeue oa ?iaeaeno aeo?eaaeino? aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e ??cieo
ai?oe?a ia iianyeaeaii? o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy o aeaio i?e?ioeeeeao
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caaaeueiee ieai ia?aaeciaaaeueii? i?aeaioiaee aeyaeany
aoaeoeaiei eeoa aeey 63 % nii?oniai?a, ye? aei aeiy ii/aoeo ciaaaiue
i?aeoiaeeee ia ??ai? iioeiaeueii aeniei? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ui na?ae/eoue
i?i iaaeinoaoith aoaeoeai?noue iaea?iaaiiai o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

7. Aea/aiiy ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio ai?oe?a ia o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy,
ye? ia?aaeaa/ai? caaaeueiei ieaiii i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue, aeicaieeei
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiaeiiio nii?oniaio ?iaeea?aeoaeueii ii?ioaaoe i?ia?aio
i?aeaioiaee o eiaeiee c aei?a oeeeeo ca oiia aeio?eiaiiy caaaeueii?
no?aoaa?? iiaoaeiae ia?aaeciaaaeueiiai oeeeeo.

?aeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia aeei?enoaii?
?ioi?iaoe??, yea io?eiaia ca aeiiiiiaith iioi/iiai eiio?ieth, aeicaieea
a?eueoino? o/aniee?a aeine?aeaeaiiy (83 %) i?ae?eoe aei oiiaiiai aeiy
ciaaaiue o noai? iioeiaeueii aeniei? i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

8. ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ii?ioaaiiy iianyeaeaiieo
o?aioaaeueieo iaaaioaaeaiue ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe??, yeee
aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? oaoiieia?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth, aeicaieea
i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano nii?oniai?a ia aoai?
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue ia 20 % ii??aiyii ?c
caaaeueieie i?aeoiaeaie, ye? iayai? o i?aeoeoe?. Oe? aeai? na?ae/aoue
i?i aeioe?euei?noue ?aae?caoe?? ii?aoeueiaaieo o iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iieaciee?a iioi/iiai eiio?ieth o i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee ai?oe?a.

Iianyeaeaiia i???ioaoe?y ia iieacieee iioi/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
a?aee?eaa? iiaeeeaino? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano.

9. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaia aeinoaoiuei aeniea
?ioi?iaoeai?noue iieaciee?a a?aiiao?e/ii? iiooaeiino? ?iaioe o 15-, 60-
oa 240-naeoiaeieo oanoao. Oe? iieacieee ia?eoeaii oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai
nenoaie aeeoaiiy oa aia?aicaaacia/aiiy, yea aaaaoi a /iio e?i?oo?
niaoe?aeueio aeo?eaae?noue ai?oe?a o aiaa?iaiiio, ci?oaiiio oa aa?iaiiio
?aaeeiao iyciai? ae?yeueiino?, ye? iayai? ca oiia ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino?.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui iianyeaeaiia ?a?no?aoe?y oeeo iieaciee?a ca oiia
o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano cao?oaeiaia, ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaeei c ieo — 60-naeoiaeiee oano — ia ii/aoeo i?e?ioeeeeo o?aioaaiiy.
Ei?aeyoe?y oeueiai iieacieea c ?ioeie a?aiiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie
neeaaea? 0,411 — 0,541.

10. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe nooo?ai aeiiiaiththoue ye
caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? ciaiiy o aaeoc? oai??? nii?oo, oae ? ciaiiy o aaeoc?
oai??? oa iaoiaeeee ai?ioueae oaeei /eiii:

— ?ice?eaathoue iniaeeaino? ?aaeoe?e i?aai?cio ai?oe?a aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe?? ia ??ci? ca ianyaii, ?ioaineai?noth oa ni?yiiaai?noth
o?aioaaeuei? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny o i?e?ioeeeeao
aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei ciaaaiue;

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaothoue eiiieaen cania?a iioi/iiai eiio?ieth o
ai?iouea? oa oaoiieia?? eiai aeei?enoaiiy o iianyeaeaii?e i?aeoeoe?
i?aeaioiaee nii?oniai?a;

— a?aee?eaathoue iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? iecee noaoenoe/ieo iaoiae?a c
iaoith ?icaycaiiy caaea/ ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoeaieo oa iaae?eieo oano?a
aeey i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii i?aoeacaeaoiino?
ai?oe?a.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? oae? ?iaioe:

1. Aeaiueei A.A. E aii?ino oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey ia yoaia
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi ai?oeia // Iaaeaaia?ea,
ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo.
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. — Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1999. — ? 5. — N. 46—51.

2. Aeaiueei A.A. Iioeiecaoeey o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna ai?oeia a
oeeeeao o?aie?iaee // Oece/aneia ainieoaiea nooaeaioia oai?/aneeo
niaoeeaeueiinoae: Na. iao/. o?oaeia. — Oa?ueeia: OOIE, 1999. — ? 6. N.
3—7.

3. Aeaiueei A.A., Aieei A.O. Oaeouee eiio?ieue ca ninoiyieai
niaoeeaeueiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ai?oeia // Iaoea a ieeiieeneii nii?oa. —
1997. — ? 2. — N. 17—23.

4. Aeaiueei A.A., Aieei A.O. Oi?aaeaiea e eiio?ieue a o?aie?iai/iii
i?ioeanna ai?oeia: A?ioth?a. — E.: OAOOAN, 1997. — 50 n.

5. Aeaiueei A.A. I?iaeaiu eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna
a ai?ueaa: A?ioth?a. — E.: IOOANO, 1998. — 40 n.

6. Aeaiueei A.A., Aieei A.O. Iiaeaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee eae e?eoa?ee
ioai?a ai?oeia a ninoaa iaoeeiiaeueiuo eiiaiae // Iao. ??? I?aeia?.
iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, nii?o oa caei?iay iaoe??” (Ee?a —
A?iieoey 22—24 aeiaoiy 1998 ?.) — Ee?a: OAIII, 1998. — N. 145—147.

Aeaiueei A.A. “?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y o?aioaaeueiiai i?ioeano ai?oe?a
aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? o oeeeeao aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei
ciaaaiue”. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ca niaoe?aeuei?noth — 24.00.01 —
Ie?ii?enueeee ? i?ioan?eiee nii?o. Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?aaenoaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i
ci?no cania?a ? iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? iioi/iiai eiio?ieth ca noaiii
niaoe?aeueii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ai?oe?a aeniei? eaae?o?eaoe?? o oeeeeao
o?aioaaiiy ia aoai? aaciina?aaeiuei? i?aeaioiaee aei aieiaieo ciaaaiue.
Iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaen ?ioi?iaoeaieo eiio?ieueieo oano?a, ?ice?eoi
caaaeuei? caeiiii??iino? o ?aaeoe?yo i?aai?cio ai?oe?a ia
caaaeueiii?eeiyo? o?aioaaeuei? i?ia?aie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?aioaaeueiee i?ioean, ea?oaaiiy, eiio?ieue,
?ioi?iaoeai? oanoe, ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? nii?oniaia aeniei?
eaae?o?eaoe??, aieiai? ciaaaiiy, ieaie i?aeaioiaee.

Aeaiueei A.A. “Eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeey o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanca ai?oeia
aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee a oeeeeao iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaee e
ni?aaiiaaieyi”. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe — 24.00.01 —
Ieeiieeneee e i?ioanneiiaeueiue nii?o. Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee, iicaieythuea
auaeaeiooue oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/aneea iieiaeaiey, i/a?/eaathuea o?aaiaaiey
iaeiie ec aeooaeueiuo i?iaeai a aii?inao iiaeaioiaee ai?oeia aunieie
eaaeeoeeaoeee — i?iaeaiu eiaeeaeaeoaeecaoeee o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna ia
iniiaa eniieueciaaiey oaeouae eioi?iaoeee i ninoiyiee niaoeeaeueiie
?aaioiniiniaiinoe nii?oniaiia.

Iaiaoiaeeiinoue yoiai aucuaaao iinoiyiii aic?anoathuee o?iaaiue
aeinoeaeaiee a nii?oa, iaino?aiea eiieo?aioeee ia ni?aaiiaaieyo a
no?aia, Aa?iia e ie?a, /oi, a naith i/a?aaeue, aucaaei oaaee/aiea a
o?aie?iaea iauaia n?aaenoa, eniieuecoaiuo a iiaeaioiaea nii?oniaia. A
yoie nayce aieueooth cia/eiinoue a i?aaeni?aaiiaaoaeueiie iiaeaioiaea
aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ai?oeia i?eia?aoaao no?aieaiea e
eniieueciaaieth aeaeaaoaeueiuo ?aaeeiia, niioaaonoaothueo iaa?oceai a
oo?ie?ao eeai i?aauoathueo eo ii eioaineaiinoe e iauaio.

A ?acoeueoaoa iaiauaiey ia?aaeiaiai iiuoa e ?acoeueoaoa nianoaaiiuo
enneaaeiaaiee nenoaiaoece?iaaiu e ?anoe?aiu iauaoai?aoe/aneea ciaiey a
iaeanoe oaeouaai eiio?iey a iee?ioeeeeao o?aie?iaee, aeeth/ay
iee?ioeeeeu iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi, a oaeaea
yenia?eiaioaeueii iainiiaaia oaoiieiaey oaeouaai eiio?iey niaoeeaeueiie
?aaioiniiniaiinoe ai?oeia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee. I?ia?aiia eiio?iey ca
o?iaiai niaoeeaeueiie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe ai?oeia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee ii
aeaiiui iaoaai enneaaeiaaiey aeeth/aao:

— eiiieaen eiio?ieueiuo iieacaoaeae, oa?aeoa?ecothueo ninoiyiea neeiauo
eiiiiiaioia aeaeaaoaeueiie ooieoeee, niaoeeaeueiie auiineeainoe e
nainiiioi?iie nenoaiu, iaania/eaathueo niaoeeaeueioth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue
ai?oeia;

— ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth oaeouaai eiio?iey a iianaaeiaaiie
i?aeoeea iiaeaioiaee ai?oeia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee a oeaeyo
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai ii?ie?iaaiey o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?ocie a caaeneiinoe io
?aaeueiiai ninoiyiey nii?oniaia e iiiaioo ia/aea i/a?aaeiiai caiyoey;

— iienaiea oeie/iuo ?aaeoeee e aeeiaieee ainnoaiiaeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia
i?aaiecia ai?oeia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee ia i?eiaiyaiua o?aie?iai/iua
iaa?ocee, eniieuecoaiua a iee?ioeeeeao, aeeth/ay iee?ioeeeeu
iaiin?aaenoaaiiie iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uoa iaoiaeieiaey iainiiaaiey eiiieaena
eioi?iaoeaiuo oanoia e ?aaeno?e?oaiuo iieacaoaeae, iauaeoeaii
oa?aeoa?ecothueo oaeouea iianaaeiaaiua eciaiaiey niaoeeaeueiie
?aaioiniiniaiinoe ai?oeia a iee?ioeeeeao o?aie?iaee. N iiiiuueth yoeo
oanoia, eae aiia?aoa oaeouaai eiio?iey, ?ane?uoa oaoiieiaey oi?aaeaiey
o?aie?iai/iui i?ioeannii nii?oniaiia a iee?ioeeeeao iaiin?aaenoaaiiie
iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi. Iieacaia yooaeoeaiinoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
ii?ie?iaaiey o?aie?iai/iuo iaa?ocie ia yoaia iaiin?aaenoaaiiie
iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi.

Eco/aiea ?aaeoeee i?aaiecia ai?oeia ia o?aie?iai/iua iaa?ocee,
i?aaeoniio?aiiua iauei ieaiii iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi, iicaieeei
?aeiiaiaeiaaoue eaaeaeiio nii?oniaio eiaeeaeaeoaeueii ii?ie?iaaoue
i?ia?aiio iiaeaioiaee a eaaeaeue ec aeiae oeeeea i?e oneiaee
niaethaeaiey iauae no?aoaaee iino?iaiey i?aaeni?aaiiaaoaeueiiai oeeeea.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue iiaeoiae, iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee eioi?iaoeee,
iieo/aiiie n iiiiuueth oaeouaai eiio?iey, iicaieee aieueoeinoao
o/anoieeia enneaaeiaaiee iiaeieoe e oneiaiiio aeith ni?aaiiaaiee a
ninoiyiee iioeiaeueii aunieie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue iiaeoiae e ii?ie?iaaieth iianaaeiaaiuo o?aie?iai/iuo
iaa?ocie ai?oeia aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeee, iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee
oaoiieiaee oaeouaai eiio?iey, iicaieee iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue
o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna nii?oniaia ia yoaia iaiin?aaenoaaiiie
iiaeaioiaee e ni?aaiiaaieyi ia 20 % a n?aaiaiee n iaueie iiaeoiaeaie,
eiathueie ianoi a i?aeoeea. Yoe aeaiiua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i
oeaeaniia?aciinoe ?aaeecaoeee ?ac?aaioaiiuo a iaoeo enneaaeiaaieyo
iieacaoaeae oaeouaai eiio?iey a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee ai?oeia.

Iianaaeiaaiay i?eaioaoeey ia iieacaoaee oaeouae ?aaioiniiniaiinoe
ioe?uaaao aiciiaeiinoe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe o?aie?iai/iiai i?ioeanna.

Yoi iai?aaeaiea enneaaeiaaiee niaeanoaony n iaueie o?aaiaaieyie e
i?aaiecaoeee o?aie?iaee, ?ane?uaaao niaoeeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe
iiaeaioiaee ai?oeia e eiaao aieueooth i?aeoe/aneoth cia/eiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?aie?iai/iue i?ioeann, oi?aaeaiea, eiio?ieue,
eioi?iaoeaiua oanou, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua iniaaiiinoe, nii?oniaiu aunieie
eaaeeoeeaoeee, aeaaiua ni?aaiiaaiey, ieaiu iiaeaioiaee.

Danko G.V. “Individualization of training process with elite wrestlers
in the cycles of pre-competitive proximate training”. — Manuscript.

A thesis on the competition for Academic Degree of Candidate in
Physical Education and Sport, Speciality — 24.00.01 — Olympic and
professional sports. National University of Physical Education and
Sports of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertative work contains experimental data about organisation
means and methods of current control of elite wrestlers’ special working
capacity state during training cycles of pre-competitive preparation
before means contests. There has been created a complex of informative
control tests, revealed some general laws in common training programs’
reaction of wrestlers’ organism.

Key words: training process, ruling, control, informative tests,
individual peculiarities, elite sportsmen, main competitions,
preparation plans.

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