IAOe?IIAEUeIA IOCE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?i. I.?.*AEEIANUeEIAI

Eeeiaiei Aaea??y Ai?en?aia

OAeE – 78.01

?A?IA? NO?OEOO?E A IOCEOe?:

ANOAOEEA, OEIIEIA?ss, OOAeIAEIss I?AEOEEA

17.00.03 – Ioce/ia ienoaoeoai

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? ioceee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Aiao?a Oaia?a O?aie?aia, Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie
?i.I.?.*aeeianueeiai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e ?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? ioceee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Iineaeaiei A?eoi? A?eai?iae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie
?i.I.?.*aeeianueeiai, i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai??? ioceee

eaiaeeaeao ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa

Na?aethe Ieaenaiae? A?oae?eiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (i.
Oa?e?a), aeioeaio eaoaae?e eoeueoo?ieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : ?inoeooo ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa, oieueeei?enoeee oa
aoiieia?? ?i. I.O.?eeuenueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ioceeiciaanoaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ”eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.005.01 o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e ioce/i?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai ca aae?anith: (252001, i.Ee?a–1,
aoe. Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai ca aae?anith: (252001,
i.Ee?a–1, aoe. Ai?iaeaoeueeiai, 1/3.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “23”aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia iaae? o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy ieoaiiy ?icoi?iiy
ieioeiai noathoue oeaio?aeueieie. Ia?ainieneaiiy eoeueoo?ii? niaaeueie
ca aeiiiiiaith no/anieo iaoiaeee ? oaoiieia?e — iaeia c aeiaaeueieo
oaiaeaioe?e iaoiai /ano. Aiaeii/an, OO no. — aiioa ?aaeeeaeueieo
iiaaoe?e ? cooaaeeo aenia?eiaio?a. Oe? ni?yioaaiiy aeooiaiiai aeeooy
a?aeaeaathoue ianoaiiao ? ia ae?oa?io aa?iaoe/i?noue ciaiiy, ? eiai
aeaiie?aoe/i?noue; caa?oaiiy ? aei aeina?ae/aiiai ciaaoey-?ioaeaeooaea,
? aei oe?iei? ioae?ee. Oiio OO no. c caoiieaiiyi “a?a?”. Naia a?a
aeicaiey? ia’?aeiaoe, iaia/a o aeeaiaeaeiiio eaeaeaeineii?, ?aaeueia oa
?ethci?ia, iane?aeoaaia oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueia, ni?aaaeith ?ioiiaoe?th oa
ooaii. Aeania eoeueoo?a iinoa? ye a?a, ? oea, ye a?aecia/a? aeaaeai?e
N.Aaa??ioeaa, “iaeaea iaa?ae/aiia ?aeay iaoiai noie?ooy”.

Caeiiii??ii, ui oaiiiai a?e aeine?aeaeothoue nueiaiaei? ??ciiiai?oi?
aaeoc? ciaiiy: ineoieia?y, iaaeaaia?ea, ienoaoeoaiciaanoai,
eoeueoo?ieia?y, o?einio?y, anoaoeea, nioe?ieia?y, aa?iaiaaoeea,
e?iaa?noeea, eia?ea, iaoaiaoeea. No/ani? ?a?ia? eiioeaioe?? caaaa/othoue
iiaeie cia/aiiyie iiiyooy a?e. Aiii ioiieth? ciai? ianoiae? yaeua — a?ae
?aae?niiai aeeoy/iai ciaaaiiy “a eeaneee” aei ?aae?caoe?? o?aa?/ii?
oaaoee ia oaao?aeuei?e noeai?; a?ae /eneaiieo oi?i ?icaaa ? a?aeii/eieo
aei aaniethoecaoe?? ???aoe?iiaeueiiai ia/aea (“a?a aeie?”, “a?a
aeiaaeeo”); a?ae iieniai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaaiiai oeio ?ooo (“a?a
na?oea”,”a?a oa?a”) aei aeyaeaiiy aeeaeiieo iniia aoooy (a?a ye
oi?aa?nae?y). Iiae?aia iiiaeeii?noue cae?eniaiiy i?eaaaeth? iaoeiaoe?a
aei aea/aiiy nooiino? a?e, ?? aaiace, no?oeoo?e, ooieoe?? a aeeoo?
ethaeeie ? eoeueoo?e.

Niaoeeo?ea i?iyao a?e a ioce/iiio ienoaoeoa? — i?iaeaia ae?ae
iaeiaeine?aeaeaia. Nai???aeiee ia?aaeien neooaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui
i?e a?aenooiino? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?ic?iaie a aeai?e aaeoc?, iiiyooy a?e
/anoi canoiniao?oueny a ioceeiciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. A?a aenooia? ooo
ye neiii?i aanaeiu?a, aeiao?aeeeaino?, aea?oo, yenoeaio??aaee.
Iaoeiaiio ona?aeiieaiith nooiino? a?e a ioceoe? caaaaea? a?aenooi?noue
iaoiaeieia?/ii? aace aiae?co, eeaneo?eaoe?? iiaeeeaeo oei?a a?e, oiui.
Naia oiio, aeaea?oueny iaiao?aeiei iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue
?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioceoe? ? canoinoaaiiy iiai? iaoiaeeee aiae?co,
iniiaith yei? aoea a aeno?aiieyoe?y caaaeueieo ?a?iaeo canaae a noa?o
ioce/ii? oai?/ino?.

Iniiaia iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a
ioceoe?. Aeey oeueiai aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:

aeine?aeeoe aoaie oi?ioaaiiy ?a?iiaenueeeo eiioeaioe?e a?e;

ia iniia? iieiaeaiue o?einionueei-anoaoe/ieo ?a?iaeo oai??e aecia/eoe
no/ania ?icoi?iiy a?e ye oi?aa?nae??;

?ice?eoe ca iiiaeeii?noth ciai?oi?o ?a?iaeo iiaeeo?eaoe?e iayai?noue
ni?eueieo ?a?iaeo i?eioeei?a;

ia iniia? ?iaiaioieo ?a?iaeo caeiiii??iinoae ae/eaioaaoe iiaeeea?
aa??aioe no?oeoo?e a?e;

aaanoe ? oai?aoe/ii ?ic?iaeoe iiiyooy “?a?iai? no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?”;

oeiieia?coaaoe ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?;

i?iaiae?coaaoe niaoeeo?eo ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? o iioiiio
oaeno?;

ai?ia??oaaoe iaoiaeeeo aiae?co ca aeiiiiiaith ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? ia
iaoa??ae? oi?oai?aiiiai oeeeeo “I’youe iaeueoe?a” oa “A?iio” c
“Na?aiaaee in A” ?.No?aaeinueeiai; Niiaoe aeey ne?eiee ? oi?oai?aii,
Eiioea?oo aeey oi?oai?aii c i?eano?ii G-dur I.?aaaey; Eiioea?oo ? 2 aeey
ne?eiee c i?eano?ii I.Nei?eea.

*a?ac oa, ui a aeena?oaoe?? aaiaeeoueny iiaa iiiyooy “?a?iai?
no?oeoo?e”, oaaao aoei cina?aaeaeaii ia naiiio i?aaeiao?
aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oiio a aeai?e ?iaio? ia ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia
a?aeie?aieaiiy ? aca?iiae?? a?e c eii?/iei, ??ii??th, ?ethc??th,
ia?iae??th, noee?caoe??th. A oaeiae — ieoaiiy ?noi?e/ii? niaoeeo?ee
ae?? ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. A aeai?e ?iaio? aia?oa o a?o/eciyiiio ioceeiciaanoa?
?ic?iaeaii oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioceoe?. Ia i?aenoaa?
?aoaeueiiai aea/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?e a?e a aoiai?oa?ieo iaoeao
(o?einio??, anoaoeoe?, ineoieia??, iaaeaaia?oe?, nioe?ieia??,
e?iaa?noeoe?) aeyaeythoueny caaaeueiiiaoiaee/i? aeey a?e i?eioeeie, ye?
aeno?aiieththoueny a ioceeiciaanoai ? noathoue aacith aeey aeyaeaiiy oa
oeiieia?caoe?? ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioceoe?. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeai? aiae?caie ioce/ieo oai??a eiiiiceoi??a ??cieo
ooaeiaeiuei-noeeueiaeo iai?yie?a ? iaoe?iiaeueieo oe?e:
?.No?aaeinueeiai, I.?aaaey, I.Nei?eea.

Aea?? oai??a ?.No?aaeinueeiai – aeciaiiai “eeaneea a?e” – coiiaeaii
i?aaiaiiyi ?icaeyiooe iaaeine?aeaeai? a aeaiiio ?aeo?n? oai?e, aeyaeoe
/a?ac aiae?c ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? niaoeeo?eo ooaeiaeiueiai iaoiaeo
eiiiiceoi?a. Caa?iaiiy ae aei ioceee I.?aaaey ? I.Nei?eea a aniaeo?
?a?iai? i?iaeaiaoeee, a?aee?eaa? iia? ia?niaeoeae ona?aeiieaiiy ?o
oai?/i? niaaeueie, aeoeaioo?, ia iao iiaeyae, o? nooo?a? aeanoeaino? ?o
ieneaiiy, ye? ua ia noaee ia’?eoii niaoe?aeueiiai aea/aiiy a?o/eciyieo
aeine?aeiee?a.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith aacith aeaii? ?iaioe noaee ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy c i?iaeai eoeueoo?ieia?? (A?aea? A.N., Oaec?iaa E.),
o?einio?? (O?ie A., N?aia E.), anoaoeee (I?oaaa-?-Aannao O., Ein?a
I.O.), ineoieia?? (O?aeae C., Aeaionueeee E., Aa?eyiae ?.), ieneaiiy
(Aaoey? A.), no?oeoo?ii? e?iaa?noeee (Aa?o ?., Eioiai TH.I.). Ia
oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeioee
oaeiae ?iaioe Aeiiyia E.I., Ai?tho?ii? I.I., Iaaeooaanueeiai
A.,Oieiiiai? A.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueieo ioce/ii-oai?aoe/ieo oa
?noi?e/ieo eo?nao: aiae?c? ioce/ieo oai??a, niaoeeo?n? c ioce/ii?
?ioa?i?aoaoe??, a eo?nao ?noi??? ioceee ? ioce/ii? anoaoeee, ioce/ii?
ineoieia??. Iaoa??ae ia?oiai ?icae?eo, a yeiio iiaeaia aaoi?nueea
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?a?iaeo oai??e o o?einio??, anoaoeoe?, eoeueoo?ieia??,
iiaea noaoe aeiaeaoeiaei iaoa??aeii a eo?n? o?einio?? a aoiai?oa?ieo
aocao. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aiae?co ca aeiiiiiaith ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?
aeicaiey? ii-iiaiio ona?aeiieoe ooaeiaei? yaeua ieioeiai ? no/aniino?,
aienaoe ?o o oe?ieee eoeueoo?iee eiioaeno. Aeeiiai? ioce/i? aiae?ce
aaiaeyoue o ioceeiciaa/ee oaeeoie iaaeine?aeaeai? oai?e, a oaeiae
?icoe?ththoue oyaeaiiy i?i iniaeeaino? ieneaiiy ? ooaeiaeiueiai iaoiaeo
I.?aaaey, ?.No?aaeinueeiai, I.Nei?eea.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? aoea cae?eniaia ia eiioa?aioe?yo:

“Iiaa ? eoeueoo?a”. Nueiia i?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y. ?inoeooo
i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiei. Ee?a.
1998.

“Ioceeiciaanoai OO noi??//y – ioceeiciaanoao OOI noi??//y”. Iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y. Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. I.?.*aeeianueeiai.
Ee?a. 1998.

“Ioceea ? eoeueoo?a aano?aeo OO noi??//y”. I?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiaa
eiioa?aioe?y. Noie. 1997.

Iaoa??aee aenooi?a iioae?eiaai?:

Eeeiaiei A. Ea?a iaae/aneay e aena?iay (iiuo eneonnoaiaaae/aneie
eeethcee) // Ioceea oa eoeueoo?a aano?aeo OO noie?ooy.: Ca.iaoa??ae?a
i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. – Noie, 1997. – N.41-44.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 4 noaooyo a iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e ?noi???
ca?oa?aeii? ioceee Iaoe?iiaeueii? ioce/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i.
I.?.*aeeianueeiai.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? anooi, o?e ?icae?ee, aeniiaee,
nienie e?oa?aoo?e, aeiaeaoie c iioieie i?eeeaaeaie. ?icae?e 1 “C ?noi???
ona?aeiieaiiy oaiiiaio a?e (o?einionueeee, anoaoe/iee, eoeueoo?ieia?/iee
aniaeoe)”. ?icae?e 2 “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? o ioceoe?”.
?icae?e 3 “?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?: ooaeiaeiy i?aeoeea” i?noeoue o?e
i?ae?icae?ee:

?a?ia? no?oeoo?e o oi?oai?aiiio oeeee? “I’youe iaeueoe?a” ? “A?ii?” ?c
“Na?aiaaee in A” ?.No?aaeinueeiai;

?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a Niiao? aeey ne?eiee ? oi?oaieaii, Eiioea?o? aeey
oi?oaieaii c i?eano?ii G-dur I.?aaaey;

?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a Eiioea?o? ? 2 aeey ne?eiee c i?eano?ii I.Nei?eea.

Ci?no ?iaioe.

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, oi?ioeththoueny
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1 “C ?noi??? ona?aeiieaiiy oaiiiaio a?e (o?einionueeee,
anoaoe/iee, eoeueoo?ieia?/iee aniaeoe)” i?noeoue iaeyae iniiaieo aoai?a
noaiiaeaiiy iiiyooy a?e a?ae aiioe Aioe/iino? aei iaoeo aei?a.

Ii/aoie oi?ioaaiiy ?a?iaeo eiioeaioe?e nyaa? ?aii?o /an?a noaiiaeaiiy
?a?iiaenueei? eoeueoo?e. A aiioo Aioe/iino? a?a aia?oa aoea iinoaaeaia a
?yae ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?iaeai aoooy. Oe?ieiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iaaoee
aeaa i?ioeeaaeieo (aea i?e oeueiio, ?a?iaeo) iiyniaiiy anana?oo: 1)
?icoi?iiy aeeooy ye noeo?eii? ia?icoiii? a?e eini?/ieo nee; 2) ?icoi?iiy
aeeooy ye noeai?/ii? a?e, yea a?oioiaii i?iaeoiaia aeuei ?icoiii.
Iaea?eueo aeeaieo aioe/io eiioeaioe?th aca?iiae?? ?a?iaiai ? eini?/iiai
noai?ea Ieaoii, ui ona?aeiiea aoooy e??cue i?ecio caaaeueiiethaenueei?
oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii? a?e oa aia?oa iaaeaa a?? oe?ieiai
oi?aa?naeueiiai ci?noo.

I?ci?oa, aeoiee A??noioaey i?i iaiiaeeea?noue “?ic/eieoe” aeeooy a a??
ii?iaeaeothoue ae?ae i?ioeeaaei? o?aeooaaiiy naiaioeee a?e. Ca?aen?eue
aeieeathoue ?aea? i?i ?iciaaeoaaiiy “na?eiciiai”oa “?a?iaiai”
(Oeeoea?ii), i?i ona?aeiieaiiy a?e o?eueee ye iniaeeaiai i?eeiio
iaa/aiiy (Ea?io?e?ai). A?a iaaeiaai ao?a/a? noaoon anainyaeiiai i?iyao
eini?/iiai caeiio e iaeaaaeeea?oiai oaiiiaio aeeooy ethaeeie.

O Iiaee /an aiia c’yaey?oueny ye oi?ia “a?aoiaioo ia??” A.Ianeaey, yeee
ii??aithaaa aecenoaioe?aeueiee aea?? ethaeeie c “a?ith a e?noee”. ? eeoa
/a?ac i?aoi?a noie?ooy a?a “ia’?eoea?co?oueny”, ca?eueiy?oueny a?ae
i?eeeaaeiiai iaiaaeaiiy ?aieaie “a?aeueii? e?noee” aai “noeaie” ?,
ia?aoo?, ciaoiaeeoue noaoon naiino?eiiai iiiyooy o a/aii? ?.Eaioa.
I?iaoeueeee o?einio ?icaeyaeaa a?o ye noai aeui? naiaiaee i?ciaaaeueieo
iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie. Iine?aeiaiee eiai anoaoeee O.Oeeea?,
i?aee?anethth/e aeeaeiiee ca’ycie a?e c eaoaai??yie naiaiaee ? e?ane,
i?iaieinea a?aeiiee aoi?eci: “Ethaeeia a?a? o?eueee oiae?, eiee aiia
o iiaiiio cia/aii? neiaa ethaeeia, ? aiia aoaa? oe?eeii ethaeeiith eeoa
oiae?, eiee a?a?”.

?aea? ?.Eaioa oa O.Oeeea?a noathoue a ae?oa?e iieiaei? O1O noie?ooy
i?aea?oioyi aeey aeine?aeaeaiue A.Niaina?a, E.A?ina, A.Aoiaeoa. Oai???
oeeo i?iaoeueeeo a/aieo ia’?aeio? i?aaiaiiy c’ynoaaoe a?ieia?/io
aeioe?euei?noue a?e, ciaeoe ?? ineoio?c?ieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy. Oea
aecia/a? iiaee aoai o ?icaeoeo ?a?iiaenueei? eoaeieia?? (iaoee i?i a?o).
A?a aeeeeea? aeeaiea caoe?eaaeaiiy a/aieo-i?aeoee?a, aaaeaiiy aeyaeoe ??
aaiaco, aea/eoe iaoai?ci i?ioeano. Oyaeaiiy i?i ooieoe?th a?e a aeeoo?
ethaeeie cia/ii ?icoe?th? nai? ia?aiao?e.

?aaeeeaeueii iiaa iiyniaiiy i?e?iaee a?e i?iiiio? ia ii/aoeo OOno.
C.O?aeae. A eiai eiioeaioe?? ia’?aeiothoueny aeaa ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
iinooeaoe: aieea aeeoeinoaa ia “aei?ineo” aeieth ethaeeie ?
ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy a?e a aeeoeinoa?. Ca eiai aeoieith, a iniia?
aeeoy/eo ?ai? eaaeeoue oaiaeaioe?y aei iaa’yceeaiai iiaoi?aiiy
“oai?iaeeai?” neooaoe?? c iaoith iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a.
Aaaaoi a /iio caaaeyee aeine?aeaeaiiyi O?aeaea ooieoe?? a?e a aeeoo?
ethaeeie io?eiaee aaaaoia?aiia ina?oeaiiy a no/ani?e ineoieia??. Ia
iniia? oai???, ui a?a ni?iiiaeia aieeaaoe ia aeeaie? ineo?/i? i?ioeane,
o cao?aei?e iaooe? i?ney Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie iniaeeai? iiioey?iino?
iaaoea iaoiaeeea ?a?iai? oa?ai??.

Aeua eoeiny i?i ona?aeiieaiiy ?ie? a?e a aeeoo? ethaeeie. Aea o OO no.
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? i?ioeeaaeiee iai?yiie i??eoaaiue: ia
ia?oiio ieai? aenooia? ia noa’?eo, ui a?a?, a naia oaiiiai a?e ye oaei?.
A?a “ca?eueiy?oueny” a?ae ethaeeie ?, ia/a a oi, “aeaaoiai?co?oueny”.
Oae, aiia caeia? /?eueia i?noea a iaeiiio c ?icae?e?a iaoaiaoeee —
“oai??? ?ai?”, i?ea?iaeueiiai inieneaiiy io?eio? a e?iaa?noe/i?e
o?einio?? E.A?oaaiooaeia. Aiaeii/an, ca?eueiaia a?ae iiaooiaiai
?icoi?iiy a?a i?ae?eia?oueny ia ??aaiue ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iiiyoue aoooy.
Aieiaiei noa? aeyaeaiiy ?? iioieia?/iiai noaoono, aea/aiiy
o?ainoeaiaeaioii? i?e?iaee.

Aieeaiaenueeee eoeueoo?ieia E.Oaec?iaa iaeiei c ia?oeo a OO no.
noai?th? oe?e?nio eiioeaioe?th a?e, caeeaaeath/e ooiaeaiaio ?? iiaiai
?icoi?iiy a ?iaio? “Homo ludens”. A?i aia?oa iia’ycaa a?o ? eoeueoo?o,
aecia/ea ia?niaeoeao aeey iiaeaeueoeo ?ic?iaie oe??? oaie. Aei
aca?iiae?? a?e ? eoeueoo?e a oeae aea /an caa?oa?oueny ?niainueeee
o?einio I?oaaa-?-Aannao, yeee aaa/a? ii?yooiie no/anii? eoeueoo?e naia
a a??, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue a?aeoiaeo a?ae “on?eyei? iaoaoeee”, a?ae
“ia?aiaoyaeaiino? ethaeyi?noth”. Oiio a?i a?oa? iiaee noeeue a
ienoaoeoa?, niiaiaiee nayoeiainoth nii?oeaieo ?ai?, aiioe?yie aca?oo ?
caiaeo, ui ao?eththoue thiee aeoo ? aeeiai?eo iaoi? aiioe.

E??cue i?ecio a?e aeine?aeaeo? niaoeeo?eo ienoaoeoaa ? O.-A.Aaaeaia? a
iniiai?e aeey no/anii? aa?iaiaaoeee ?iaio? “?noeia ? iaoiae”. A?i
?ioa?i?aoo? a?o ye yaeua “oe?yth/a” iaae ?aaeueiei aoooyi, ye i?ae?anio
ynoaoe/io aeaeei?noue.

I?ioe iiae?aii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? a?e aenooia? A.O?ie o ooiaeaiaioaeueiiio
aeine?aeaeaii? “Iniiai? oaiiiaie ethaenueeiai aoooy”, oeaio?aeuei?
aeoiee yei? ? noaee iniiaiiieiaeieie a ?icoi?ii? oa ona?aeiieaii? a?e a
aeai?e ?iaio?.

O?ie e?eoeeo? oai???, a yeeo a?a o?aeoo?oueny ye a?eueii ?nioth/ee
yi?oaiiiai. A?i aaaaea?, ui ni?aaaeiy a?a a?aeiia eeoa ethaeei?. Oae, ia
iiaiio aeoeo oi?ioaaiiy ?a?iai? ia?aaeeaie, a?a ciiao iiaa?oa?oueny aei
noa’?eoa. O?ie iaceaa? a?o na?aae i’youeio iniiaieo oaiiiai?a
ethaenueeiai aoooy, yeiio a?a iano?eueee ae ?iaiaioia, ye ethaia,
nia?oue, iaioaaiiy ? i?aoey. A?i iaaieioo? ia oiio, ui a?a aenooia? ye
iioieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ethaeeie, ye “ia i?inoi eaeaeaeineii ?a?iaeo
aeo?a, aea ianaiia?aae, iniiaiee can?a ethaenueeiai ni?eeoaaiiy c
iiaeeeaei ? iaae?eniei”. O a?? ethaeeia iiaeaeth? naaa ? noa? uaneeaith,
ine?eueee aiia a?a? ia ca?aaee iaeaooiueiai aeaaeainoaa, aea ciaoiaeeoue
eiai “oaia?” ? “ca?ac”. ? a oe??e iniaeea?e aeooiai?e aeanoeaino?
ethaeeie O?ie aa/eoue can?a iiaeieaiiy ?iceaio aoooy.

Eiioeaioe?y O?iea aeaea?oueny iaea?eueo aeeaieei o?einionueeei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi oiai yaeua, ui yne?aai cayaeei i?i naaa a ??ciiiai?oieo
noa?ao aeooiaiiai aeeooy no/anii? ethaeeie. A?a a OO no. — a?eueoa i?ae
ia?ac, i?eeii, iaoiae. Aiia aenooia? ye oi?aa?nae?y, ui oa?aeoa?eco?
?aae?caoe?th aoooy ethaeeie ? i?eioeeie ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e, aeicaiey?
aeyaeoe aaiaco aaaaoueio ooaeiaei?o yaeu iaoi? aiioe. Iniiai?
aeanoeaino? a?e a?aeiia?aeathoue iie?oii?/iino? ieneaiiy OO no., a yeiio
oi?io?oueny “iiaa caaaeueia i???ioaoe?y ?icoio ia ?aeath ii?icoi?iiy,
ni?eeoaaiiy /a?ac aiioe” (A.A?aea?). Oiio no/ani?noue oyae?? aei
ia?ainieneaiiy a a?? niaaeueie ieioeeo aiio ? inieneaiith naii? naaa.
Caeiiii??ii, ui a?a iaaoaa? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy a anoaoeoe?
iinoiiaea?i?cio.

I?i?iaeaiee aiae?c oai??e a?e aeicaiey? ona?aeiieoe, ui ca ?icia?ooyi ??
i?iya?a, e?e?oueny iaaia oe?e?ni?noue, ca aace?ia/i?noth aa??aio?a — o?
“?iaa??aioi?” i?eioeeie, ui aeyaeythoueny a ??ciiiai?oieo eiioeaioe?yo,
noa?ao, iiaeaeyo. Ie?aneaiee a aeaiiio ?icae?e? o?einionueeee,
anoaoe/iee ? eoeueoo?ieia?/iee eiioaeno noai?th? ?icoi?iiy no?oeoo?ii?
?aeiino? ?a?iaeo aeo?a o aeeoo? oa eoeueoo?? ? noa? iniiaith aeey
iiaeaeueoi? iiaoaeiae oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? o ioceoe?.

A ?icae?e? 2 “Oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? o ioceoe?” aaiaeeoueny
iiiyooy ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e, i?iiiio?oueny oeiieia?caoe?y ?a?iaeo
no?oeoo?, aiae?co?oueny niaoeeo?ea ?o aeyaeaiiy a iioiiio oaeno?.

Aeei?enoaiiy iiiyooy no?oeoo?e noiniaii a?e, c iaeiiai aieo, aea?
iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe ?? ?aeyoe?ei? (no?oeoo?i?) aeanoeaino?; a c ?ioiai
– aeicaiey? ia?aeoe a?ae aii??e/iiai aea/aiiy aeaui iaaecia/aiiai ?
?icieea/anoiai ia’?eoo (a?e) aei oai?aoe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue ?
aaciina?aaeiueiai aeyaeaiiy oeiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae ooieoe?iioaaiiy
?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioce/iiio oaeno?.

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a aeaoa?i?io? i?eioeeie ca’yceo aeaiaio?a iaaiiai oeio
a?e. Oiae? c onueiai ??ciiiai?ooy ?ai? iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e iniiaieo
oeie ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?, iacae yeeo a?aeaeaathoue iniiaiee i?eioeei
aca?iica’yceo ?oi?o neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a:

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “ciaaaiiy” (i?eioeei ciaaaiiy);

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee” (i?eioeei eiia?iaoi?eee);

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??” (i?eioeei aia?aaeaioiino?).

A caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, ui aaaaea?oueny aeaiaioaie ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e,
aecia/athoueny e ??ciiiai?oi? noa?e ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy – a?ae aeeoy/eo
?icaaa aei ooaeiaei?o, o?einionueei-anoaoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e.
Aaciina?aaei? iane/aiiy ci?noii ?aeyoe?eiiai ea?eano, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny
?a?iaith no?oeoo?ith, a?aeaeaa? ??aaiue, ia yeiio aiia “i?aoeth?” – a?ae
iaea?eueo aeeaeiiiai aei eiie?aoii-/ooo?aiai, ui a?aee?eoi iai?oanoo?
?a?ia? i?eioeeie.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e ??ai? ae?? ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a?ae oai?aoe/ieo
ocaaaeueiaiue aei aeania ioce/ii? eiie?aoeee, aecia/a?ii i’youe
iniiaieo:

1) Aano?aeoii-eia?/iee ??aaiue ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e iia’ycaiee ?c iaea?eueo
ocaaaeueiaieie i?eeiiaie ? ooieoe?yie a?e. ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a a oeueiio
?icoi?ii? oa?aeoa?eco? iiaeaeue aeayeiai aano?aeoiiai oeio a?e. Oea
aeicaiey? aeae?eeoe c ?a?iaiai i?ioeano aioo??oi? caeiiii??iino? ?
a?aeoai?eoe eiai eia?/io no?oeoo?o.

2) O?einionueei-anoaoe/iee ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e
oa?aeoa?eco? “oei na?oiaeyaeo”, iaoiaee a?aeoai?aiiy “ea?oeie na?oo”,
“ooaeiaeith iiceoe?th” aaoi?a;

3) Ioce/ii-noeeueiaee, eiiiiceoe?eiee ??ai? ae?? ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e o
oai?? iia’ycai? c ?aae?caoe??th i?eioeei?a a?e a caaaeueieo iaoiaeao
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai oe?eiai;

4) Ioce/ii-noee?noe/iee ??aaiue ?aae?caoe?? ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e a?aeaeaa?
i?iya i?eioeei?a a?e a eiie?aoieo ooaeiaeiuei-ae?aciaeo caniaao ?
i?eeiiao. Oea – ? iaea?eueo “iai/iee”, ? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iee ??aaiue
i?iyao i?eioeei?a a?e a ioceoe? ??ciiiai?oieo noee?a ? iai?yie?a;

5) ?icoi?iiy e ona?aeiieaiiy ooaeiaeiueiai ?acoeueoaoo, eiai
?ioa?i?aoaoe?y, aecia/ai? c iiceoe?e a?e, ?ai?acaioothoue iaeei c
iiaeeeaeo ??ai?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e.

?a?ia? no?oeoo?e ni?iiiaei? ae?yoe ia aoaeue-yeiio ??ai? oaenoo. Ioaea,
nooi?iue ?oiueiai i?iyao eieeaa?oueny iii?ae ??aiai i?e?ii?ioean?a, ui
i?io?eathoue o ioce/i?e iaoa???, aae aei aeeth/aiiy a ?a?iaa iiea
aeai?iaeo, noeeueiaeo, eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo iiaeaeae; a?ae eaaeue
a?ae/ooiiai “iaoyeo”-i?enooiino?, ui aeoea?co? ni?eeiyooy aeina?ae/aiiai
neooa/a, aei yne?aai? aoaeoii? iai?oanoaoe??, i/aaeaeii? aeey on?o.

?icoi?iiy i?ioean?a i?iyao ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioceoe? iaiiaeeeai iica
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aeania aeoo eiioi?eaoe??, a yeiio ?aaeueii
cae?eniththoueny ? ioce/i? i?ioeane (ni?eeiyooy, aeeiiaiiy), oa ?a?ia?.
I/aaeaeii, ui ?iaioa ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e a oaeno? iineeth? eiai aa?enoe/io
ooieoe?th, aeoea?co? ieneaiiy neooa/a, ianya eiai iai’yo?. I?ioa iiiyooy
aa?enoe/iino? iiai?noth ia ?ice?eaa? nooiino? yaeua. Uia ciaeoe
iaoiaeieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ioo?oeaiiai ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aaaaoi a /iio
noa’?eoeaiiai i?ioeano ni?eeiyooy ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?, iaiao?aeii aeyaeoe
iiaeeo?eaoe??, ye? aiie cae?eniththoue a noaiaea?oi?e eiioi?eaoeai?e
iiaeae?.

sse a?aeiii, o nai?ioeoe? ?ic?iaeaii aeaa oeie eiioi?eaoeaieo iiaeaeae:
1)”eeane/ia” iiaeaeue eiioi?eaoeaii? neooaoe?? oeio “ss”-”A?i”,
cai?iiiiiaaia ?.sseianiiii, ui oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioean ia?aaea/?
?ioi?iaoe??; 2) iiaeaeue eiioi?eaoe?? oeio “ss”-”ss”, aeae?eaia
TH.Eioiaiii, a ye?e ia?oi?yaeia cia/aiiy ia? iiaa ?icoi?iiy
noi?ioeueiaaiiai ?ai?oa iia?aeiieaiiy:

eiioaeno cnoa eiioaenoo

———- ———

iia?aeiieaiiy 1 iia?aeiieaiiy 2

ss…………………………………….
………………………………… ss

eiae1 eiae2

Oe? aea? iiaeae? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui oaeno iiaea ia?aaeaaaoe iaaio
?ioi?iaoe?th c iaoith caa?aaeaiiy iia?aeiieaiiy aeey iiaiai
aae?anaoo(yeianii?anueea eiioi?eaoeaia iiaeaeue); aai oaeno iiaea
ia?aoai?thaaoe aeo?aeia iia?aeiieaiiy, ? oiae? caaaeaiiyi ? aeania
ia?aeiaeoaaiiy inoaiiueiai, ia?aoi?ioethaaiiy, caio?aiiy a iiao nenoaio
i?aaee(eioiai?anueea iiaeaeue aaoieiioi?eaoe??).

sseui ni?i?eooaaoe no?oeoo?o oeeo aeaio oei?a eiioi?eaoeaieo nenoai ia
ioce/io oai?/?noue, i/aaeaeii, ui eiioi?eaoeaiee aeo ia?oiai oeio
(“ss”-”A?i”) caia?a/o? iiaeeea?noue i?iyao a?e:

A?a i?eioeeiiai i? ia eiai ia ni?yiiaaia: ?oo a?ae “ss” aei “A?i” –
a?aenooi?e. ?a?iaee i?ioean naiiaeinoaoi?e ? iaiaaeaiee aeanieie
?aieaie. Oiio noa?a aeyaeaiiy ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a ioceoe? aeeeth/a? iaoin
i?aoi?nueeiai aeneiaethaaiiy (ye caniao a?aee?eoiai caa?iaiiy aei
neooa/a). A?aeiia?aeii ? yne?aaa ii?aeueii-aoe/ia ni?yiiaaii?noue oai?o
?oeio? i?eioeeiiao iani?yiiaai?oue “o ciai?oi?” ?a?iaiai aeoo;

I???ioaoe?y ia yni?noue, /?oe?noue ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeaii?
eiioi?eaoeaii? iiaeae? noia?a/eoue aa?enoe/i?e nooiino? ?a?iai?
no?oeoo?e. Oiio a iiiyooy ?a?iaiai ia aoiaeeoue noa?a
caoeicia?aaeaeueiino?, i?eioeei i?ia?aiiino?, i?eeiie a?aeaeooy
nthaeaoo, yeui aiie aeei?enoai? o nai?e ia?aeii?e ooieoe??
eiie?aoecaoe??, ooi/iaiiy ci?noo ioce/iiai oai?o.

I?ioa, ? aeo aaoieiioi?eaoe?? ia ae?aaea? niaoeeo?eo ni?eeiyooy ?a?iaeo
no?oeoo?. O?eueee iaai? iiaeeo?eaoe??, aeyaeythoue ?oith i?enooi?noue a
oai??. Ioaea, ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e — “ciaaaiiy”, “iica?ee”, “i?noeo?eaoe??”
— nai???aeii o?ainoi?iothoue eiioi?eaoeaio iiaeaeue “ss”-”ss”. I?ae
aieeaii ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e iineeth?oueny cia/aiiy oiai aai ?ioiai
aeaiaioo eiioi?eaoe??. ?icaeyiaii iiaeeea? aa??aioe o?ainoi?iaoe??
aaoieiioi?eaoeaii? iiaeae? a ?acoeueoao? ae?? o?ueio oei?a ?a?iaeo
no?oeoo? o ioce/iiio oaeno?.

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “ciaaaiiy” oa?aeoa?eco? oei a?e, ui aeieea? a ?aieao
a?oa?/iiai ieneaiiy, o ae?aai?o ?eooaeao, ia?yaeao, nii?o?. Aaea ??
iacaa aeaco? ia aieiaiee ooieoe?iiaeueiee i?eioeei — ciaaaiiy. Aeey
?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy” caeiiii??ieie ? a?aeiioaiiy
ai?ioueae-caiaee aeaio (ye i?i?ioi) ? a?eueo aeaiaio?a,
i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo ?aeei?e nenoai? i?aaee. Ae?y oe??? no?oeoo?e iiaea
ioiiethaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? ooaeiaeiuei-anoaoe/i? yaeua. I?e oeueiio, ia
ia?oiio i?noe? iinoa? eia?ea aeniiioaaiiy, a ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y
iaoa??aeo; ?ai?acaioaoeai?noue ia?aii? oace (iiaeono, i?eioeeio
e.o.ae.), a ia eiai iiaeeo?eaoe?y (oiaoi nai???aeia iai?oanoaoe?y
caa?aaeaiiy i?aaee a?e). A?aeiia?aeii, a aaoieiioi?eaoeai?e iiaeae?
iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue ci?ie eiioaenoo.

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee” yne?aai ae?? a aieiaieiieao, ianueyinao oa
?i. Ooo iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? i?eioeei eiia?iaoi?eee.
Aeoeaioo?oueny iiiaio ia?anoaiiaee, ci?ie eiioaenoo i?e i?ciaaaii?
caaeaieo (o?eniaaieo) aeaiaio?a. ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a iica?ee ioiieth?
i?eioeeie niieo/aiiy noaa?eueiiai ? iia?eueiiai a oiiaao caa?aaeaiiy
iaaii? ii/aoeiai? a?oie aeaiaio?a. Neeueia aa?enoe/ia ooieoe?y aeaii?
no?oeoo?e coiiaeaia ni?yioaaiiyi aei iiooeo /eiiee?a noaa?eueiino?, ui,
ye i?aaeei, ? i?eoiaaieie. A?aeiia?aeii a aaoieiioi?eaoeai?e iiaeae?
iniaeeai aeoeaieie aeaiaioaie noathoue “cnoa eiioaenoo” ? “iiaa
iia?aeiieaiiy”, a iaoith ? aecia/aiiy eiaeo: aeyaeaiiy ca ciai?oiueith
no?ieao?noth iaoa??aeo aioo??oi?o caeiiii??iinoae eiai i?aai?caoe??.
“Iaaienia caouaiiy” (oa?i?i TH.Eioiaia) ci?i eiioaenoo i?eaa?oa? oaaao
aei neioaaiaoeee oaenoo. A aeaiiio aeiaaeeo eiai ia?aaeeaiaoe/ia
ooieoe?y iaeneiaeueii iineaaeth?oueny, a aeania eiino?oeoeaia
(neioaaiaoe/ia) – c?neeth?oueny.

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??” oa?aeoa?eco? aeanoeaino? oaao?aeueii?
ianee, ia?aaaeyaaiiy, /a??aiiai ia?aoai?aiiy. ?? niaoeeo?eo aecia/a?
i?eioeei aia?aaeaioiino?.

?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??” a iniaeeaee niin?a caoeo?iao? ii/aoeiao
iiaeaeue: oa, ui ciaoiaeeoueny “ia iiaa?oi?”, aeaea?oueny
“iiaiii-e?ioeaaei” ooaeiaei?i ?acoeueoaoii, yeee iani?aaae? iaiao?aeii
aeiiiaieoe, “aeia?aoe”. O?eueee /a?ac aeyaeaiiy aia?aaeaioiino?
aeaiaio?a oaenoo i?ioiaeeoue oeyo aei eiai ?icoi?iiy. ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a
“i?noeo?eaoe??” ioiieth? i?eioeeie o?ainieaioaoe?? a?ae?a?aieo aeaiaio?a
ia?aii? iiaeae? ? aeaoa?i?io? ?o iiao ?a?iao i?aai?caoe?th a eiie?aoiiio
oaeno?.

I?ae aieeaii ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e i?noeo?eaoe?? aeyaey?oueny o?eueee ae?oaa
“?acoeueoaoeaia” /anoeia noaie aaoieiioi?eaoeaii? iiaeae?. Oea i?iaieo?
iiai, yeui iiae?aia iiaeaeue ni?eeia?oueny “i?yii”. A?aeaoaa?oueny
iaeeaaeaiiy (?a?iaa “aeooy”) aeaio iiaeaeae: ca no?oeoo?ith “ss”-”ss”, a
ca ?ai?acaioaoe??th “ss”-”A?I”. Iiaeaeue i?aoeth? iaia/a a /oae?e
nenoai?, ienoeo?eoth/e neooa/a. Oea iineeth? ia?aaeeaiaoe/i? ca’ycee a
oaeno?. Oa?aeoa?iith noa? oaiaeaioe?y aeaiaio?a ia?aoai?thaaoeny a
?iaeaene ciae?a.

?icae?e 3 “?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?: ooaeiaeiy i?aeoeea” ? ni?iaith
?icaeyiooe ae?th ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? a oai?ao eiiiiceoi??a ??cieo
ooaeiaei?o iai?yie?a ?, a?aeiia?aeii, a?i i?noeoue o?e i?ae?icae?ee.

A i?ae?icae?e? 3.1. ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e o oi?oai?aiiiio oeeee? “I’youe
iaeueoe?a” ? a “A?ii?” ?c “Na?aiaaee in A” ?.No?aaeinueeiai – ia?aii
aeey aiae?co iaeaea iaaeine?aeaeai? oai?e aeciaiiai “eeaneea-a?e”.

Aeiao?aeeeai ??oaiee oi?oai?aiiee oeeee “I’youe iaeueoe?a” (1921).
No?aaeinueeee aea? i?aecaaieiaie – “A?n?i aeoaea eaaeeo iaeiae?e ia
i’youeio iioao”, iai?oanooth/e oaeei /eiii nai???aeio oaoiieia?/io
i?ia?aio. Aea iaiaaeaiiy caoeiai? oeaee, ye ? i?iaieioaia i?inoioa,
nei??oa – i?noeo?eaoe?y, i?ae aeyaeaiiy ni?aaaei?o iai???a aaoi?a. A
i?ioean? ?icaeoeo ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo aei caeeth/ii? ainueii? i’?ne,
c’yniao?oueny, ui iaeiae?? cian?i “ia i?ino?”, a i’youe iio iiaeooue
aeyaeoeny ? o?noueia, ? n?iiia, aeeth/ath/e i?aoiiia? aa??aioe.
Oe?e?ni?noue anueiai oai?o aeyaey? ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee”. Aiia
aecia/a? ao?eaiiy a oeeee? i?eioeeio ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaiaio?a, caaeaieo
Andantino (eiai ia?oeie o?ueiia oaeoaie). Niieo/aiiy noaa?eueiiai ?
iia?eueiiai noa? oeaio?aeueiei eiiiiceoe?eiei i?eioeeiii.

Iai?eeeaae, o ia?o?e i’?n? Andantino i?ia?aeiee eiiiiceoe?eiee i?eeii
oeeeeo ciaoiaeeoue caoeiaenioio oa?aeoa?enoeeo. Ooo aeoeaioothoueny
caniae iaa?oaeueiiai ? ni?yiiaaiiai ?ooo, iiaeeea? eiia?iaoe?? i’youeio
caaeaieo iio (a?ae n aei g) i?e iaeo?aeueiino? ?ioeo ia?aiao??a
(o?eaaeino?, oo?eoa ? ?i.). A ae?oa?e i’?n? Allegro ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a
“iica?ee” iaieth? niaoeeo?eo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ai?eciioaeueieo oa??a
aeniiceoe?eiiai ? ?ai?eciiai ?icae?e?a, ?ooeea?noue ?oi?o
iao?i-?eoi?/ieo ca’yce?a. I?ae aieeaii i?eioeei?a eiia?iaoi?eee, iaei?
aeaiaioe i?iioneathoueny, ?io? — iio?aieythoue “ia ia na?e /an”.
Iaeeieoeyie aenooiathoue iioeae ? o?ace, ui aaea ia ?iciaaeathoueny ia
a?eueo ae??ai? iaeeieoe?, aea, caa??aath/e caoeiaenioio noaa?euei?noue,
“c?ooothoueny” o ?aieao aei?noei? iao?e/ii? n?oee. Inoaiiy ainueia i’?na
Pesante – o?iae –neioaco? oa?aeoa?i? cai?ioe ? i?eeiie iiia?aaei?o
i’?n. Ooo iniiai? eiino?oeoeai? aeaiaioe oeeeeo aeia?eueii
eiia?ioth/enue, aecia/athoue aeaiiino?aoeaio iica?/i?noue eiiiiceoe??.
O?aaiaioa?i?noue, “?ic??aai?noue” ioce/ii? oeaieie i?aee?aneththoueny
ci?iaie iao?o – 2/4, 6/4, 2/4,5/4,2/4; eieaeueieie ae?eyieaie ae??
??ciiiai?oieo caoei?yae?a, naiino?ei?noth aa?oiueiai ? ieaeiueiai oa??a.
Caoei?yae i’?ne ocaaaeueith? an? aeei?enoai? a oeeee? caoee,
aeiiiaithth/e aenioio oeaeo ?o iiaeie i?aoiiiaeie aa??aioaie:
h-c-cis-d-es-e-f-fis-g-a.

ssne?aaee i?eeeaae ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “i?noeo?eaoe??” –
“Na?aiaaea in A” (1924) ?.No?aaeinueeiai. Ca “no?ieao?noth”
eiio?anoiiai ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo oeeeeo, i?eoiao?oueny ?aeeia ooaeiaeiy
?aeay: oiiei, ??ii?/ii eiiiiceoi? “ini?ao?” a?aeii? oaaeaa?e
?a?iiaenueei? ioce/ii? eoeueoo?e. I?ioa aaoi?nueeo iiceoe?th aecia/a? ia
iinoaeuea?/iee iiaeyae o ieioea, a ?aoeaen?y ieooey OO noi??//y. O?eueee
/a?ac aeyaeaiiy aeai?noino? aeaiaio?a oaenoo, ?o ?aaeueiiai e
aiia?oeaioe?eiiai cae?eniaiiy ?ice?eaa?oueny ni?aaaei?e caaeoi
eiiiiceoi?a.

Oaia “A?iio” iinoa? ye i?noeo?eiaaiee aa??aio aeaio iniiaieo oai
Ae?oai? aaeaaee O.Oiiaia (a iaeiae?? i?aee?aneth?oueny ca’ycie ?c
ia?oith oaiith (F-dur); aania? oeao?aoe?? iaaaaeothoue ae?oao
ae?aiaoe/io oaio (a-moll)). Oaeei /eiii, iniiaia oaia “A?iio”
No?aa?inueeiai, ui aacia?a/ii ? aaoi?nueeith, a oie aea /an ni?yiiao?
neooaoeueea ni?eeiyooy ? aei oai?o Oiiaia. Aiia iiaea? ? ocaaaeueiaiee
ia?ac aeaio oai aaeaaee, ? ia?ac iiaiai oai?o. sse i?noeo?eiaaia aiia
aecia/a? aeeth/aiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo caeiiii??iinoae oiiai?anueeiai oai?o
a oaeno, a ye oaia naiino?eii? eiiiiceoe?? – ae?th iiaeo (aaoi?nueeeo)
i?eioeei?a.

Aaaeeeao ?ieue o “A?ii?” a?a? oaeoo?ia iiaeaeue ia?oi? oaie aaeaaee, ui
iaoiiaeth? oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ia?aeaeueiiai ? i?ioeeaaeiiai ?ooo
aiein?a. . A iniaeeainoyo ioce/iiai aeeeaaeo Aaeaaee No?aaeinueeee
i?aei?/a? oaiaeaioe?th aei ?icoa?oaaiiy oaeoo?e ia naiino?ei? aieine ? a
nai?io oai?? ni?anoaaey? aiiioiiii-aa?iii?/iee ? iie?oii?/iee i?eioeeie
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii? oeaieie. Eiiiiceoi? i?ea?iaeueii canoiniao? oaeiae
aaaaoii??ii ao?eaiee o oai?? Oiiaia i?eeii iiaoi?iino? ? eiai ii?ooaiiy

O?aa?/ia eiioeaioe?y Aaeaaee i?ea?iaeueii ona?aeiieth?oueny eiiiiceoi?ii
iaoiai noie?ooy. sseui a Oiiaia iniiaiee eiioe?eo oai?o aeyaey?oueny
/a?ac c?oeiaiiy iiey?ieo oai-ia?ac?a, oi No?aaeinueeee oieea?
a?aee?eoiai aiioe?eii-ii/ooo?aiai eiai ao?eaiiy. Caa??aath/e
oa?aeoa?iee aeey aaeaaee Oiiaia i?eioeei ?aioiaiai ia?aeeth/aiiy,
No?aaeinueeee ??cei i?aee?aneth? iaae? oi?ie ci?iith iao?o, i?eieiaiiyi
?ooo, aoaeoii “iaaeiiiaeaiino?”. A yne?aaee ia?aciee eiio?ano
No?aaeinueeee cai?iy? eiio?anoii ioce/ieo neeaae?a. Ia?acia
o?ainoi?iaoe?y, oeiiaa aeey ioceee ?iiaioe/ii? aiioe, iinooia?oueny
i?noeai oaeoo?iei iiaeeo?eaoe?yi.

A i?ae?icae?e? 3.2. ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a Niiao? aeey ne?eiee ? oi?oai?aii,
Eiioea?o? G-dur aeey oi?oai?aii c i?eano?ii I.?aaaey ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy noathoue oai?e o?aioeocueeiai eiiiiceoi?a. Oaeee
nai???aeiee i?aeo?ae ?oeio? onoaeai? o a?o/eciyiiio ioceeiciaanoa?
noa?aioeie ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? eiai niaaeueie.

Ia?ai? eiiiiceoe?? iaeaaeaoue aei i?ci?o oai??a I.?aaaey. Niaoeeo?eo
ci?noo, eiiiiceoe??, i?eeiie ?icaeoeo aeyaeythoue a ieo naia ?a?ia?
no?oeoo?e. Oaeee aiae?c ia o?eueee “i?iyniy?” aaoi?nueeee caaeoi, aea,
ia iao iiaeyae, aeicaiey? ona?aeiieoe ii-iiaiio e onth i?cith
oai?/?noue ?aaaey, i?ea?iaeuei?noue yei? iaaeaeea?aoeaii aieno?oueny a
eoeueoo?iee eiioaeno aiioe. Ni?aaaeiueith aeii?iaioith i?ciueiai
ia??iaeo oai?/ino? eiiiiceoi?a noathoue ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e, ui
i?inoaaeothoueny o oai?ao 20-o-1933 ?ie?a. Aiie aecia/athoue a?o c
o?aaeeoe??th, c ii?iith, c ioce/iei iaoa??aeii, c neooa/ai. ssne?aaee
i?eeeaae – Niiaoa N2 aeey ne?eiee ? oi?oai?aii (1923-1927).

O?e /anoeie Niiaoe ia’?aeiai? ae??th ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?. Caaaeueio
ni?yiiaai?noue ?icaeoeo iiaeia aecia/eoe ye noiaeaeaiiy a?ae ?ae?e?? aei
o?einionueei? a?e. Oeaio?aeuei? ia?ace oai?o iia’ycai? c ia?acii
O?aioe??, ?? ieioeei ? nueiaiaeaiiyi, aeaaaeeeai ia?aeiieaieie o
na?aeiiino? ieooey e??cue i?ecio a?e: iinoaeuea?/iee niiaaae, ui
iaaaaeo? ianoi?aeuei? ?ae?e?/i? iaecaae? 18 noi??//y (Ia?oa /anoeia) —
ea?iaaae iiaeo oaioe?a, ui a?aeoai?ththoue ia?ac no/anii? O?aioe??
(Ae?oaa /anoeia)- ooaeiaei? ocaaaeueiaiiy o?aaeeoeeeiiai, i?eoiaaia i?ae
ianeith “perpetuum mobile”(O?iae). Ianiiae?aai? ci?ie ia?ac?a,
aeiiiaith? caa?iaiiy aei ??ciiiai?oieo aeai?iaeo ? noeeueiaeo iiaeaeae
(a?ae ianoi?aeueiiai iani?ao aei aeaeaco), i?ioeeaaeieo i?eioeei?a
i?aai?caoe?? ioce/ii? oeaieie (a?ae a?oa?/ii? i?inoioe ae?aoii?/ieo
eaae?a aei iai?oaeaii? o?iiaoeee; a?ae noai?i? i?aeii?yaeeiaaiino?
?aeeiiio oiiaeueiiio oeaio?o aei iie?oiiaeueieo ooai?aiue).

O ia?o?e /anoei? ciai?oiy i?inoioa “iaiaith?” neooa/a. Ianoi?aeuei?noue
cao/aiiy aoaeth? ?iaioo ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy” o iino?eiiio
noia?ieoeoa? oiiaeueieo oeaio??a (G-Fis), ??ciiiai?oieo i?eioeei?a
no?oeoo?oaaiiy ioce/ii? oeaieie, iiey?ieo oei?a ioce/iiai aeeeaaeaiiy,
a ciaaaii? ?ino?oiaio?a-nie?no?a. A ae?oa?e /anoei? “Blus” aoiinoa?o
nayoa, aanaeiu?a, aeaoa?i?io? ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??”.
Eiiiiceoi?, yeee ia i?aaia aei oi/iiai eii?thaaiiy aeaeaciai? iaia?e
a?e, a iaca? aeaco? ia eiie?aoio iiaeaeue — “aethc” (oi/a oea iano?eueee
ae “ae?eniee” aethc, iane?eueee ii-ni?aaaeiueiio ?niainueeei ? ? eiai
“Aiea?i”). Aiioe?eia a?aee?eo?noue ? /ooo?a?noue aeei?enoaieo iiaeaeae,
ia?aoai?ai? oai?/ith aieath ooaeiaeieea, noathoue iani?aaae? yne?aaith
eii??th, a?aeeeaith i?ae?iaeith. Caoiieaiiy, ?aae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy e
i?ciaaaiiy, caieioo?noue ?ooo ii eieo aeooae?cothoue ?a?iao no?oeoo?o
“iica?ee” a o?ao?e /anoei? “Perpetuum mobile”. A oeaaeueiiio oaii?
i?iiinyoueny iniiai? oaie iiia?aaei?o /anoei, i?aeii?yaeeiaai?
e?oaiaa?o? “a?/iiai” iiaa?iaiiy.

A?ae ia?oi? aei o?aouei? /anoeie noa’?eoeaia “y” ana a?eueo
a?aenoi?iith?oueny. ?ioeiia eiio?aeaioe?aeuei?noue ae?aeiao ne?eiee ?
oi?oai?aii ci?ith?oueny aeaiiino?aoeaiei ooaa?aeaeaiiyi naiino?eii?
?ie?. Aeei?enoaiiy i?eioeeio a?ae/oaeaiino?, iine?aeiaii ao?eaiiai a
oeeee?, aaaeaiiy i?eoiaaoe aiioe?eio aaciina?aaei?noue i?ae ianeith,
ia?aona?aeiieoe o?aaeeoe?eia iiaoaeaeothoue ?a?iao no?oeoo?o
“i?noeo?eaoe??”, a i?aaiaiiy aeyaeoe ?icia?ooy oe?e?niiai, eiai
aioo??oith aeeiai?eo – ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy” ? “iica?ee”.

Eiioea?o aeey oi?oai?aii G-dur – inoaii?e ianooaaiee oa?? ?aaaey,
nai???aeia “oai?/a ?acthia”. A?i i?noeoue aethc?? aei iiia?aaei?o oai??a
eiiiiceoi?a, ocaaaeueith? iiey?i? ia?acii-?ioiiaoe?ei? noa?e,
eiiiiceoe?ei? ii?ie, o?aaeeoe?ei? i?eeiie. A oeae eaeaeaeineii
aeeth/athoueny i?aaeea ??cieo ioce/ii-?noi?e/ieo aoai?a oa
aeania-aaoi?nuee?, ia’?aeioth/eny ca caeiiaie ?a?iai? eia?ee.

A Ia?o?e /anoei? eiiiiceoi? a?a? c ??ciiiai?oieie aeai?iaeie ee?oa,
aeeth/a? a iiiyooy o?aaeeoe?eiiai aeiaaee oeyo aaiethoe?? eiioea?oo.
?aaaeue iaiia cai?ioo? ian aei a?e a aeai? eiioea?oo, a ye?e – ona
ii-ni?aaaeiueiio “eiioea?oii” e, aiaeii/an, ii?ooothoueny iaeaaaeeea?o?
aeai?ia? eaiiie. Eiiiiceoi? iino?eii i?aee?aneth? oiiai?noue aeio?eiaiiy
oa?aeoa?ieo aeai?iaeo i?eeii?a, na?aeiii ii?ooo? iaa?oue i?e?iaei?noue
eiioea?ooaaiiy nie?noa ? eiai ciaaaiiy c i?eano?ii.

A Ae?oa?e /anoei? aea?oueny “a?a a noeeue”. A e?aei?o ?icae?eao aeii?io?
?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??”. Aeniea e??eea Adagio – ea?ioanaioe?y
iniaeeainoae e??e/ieo oai??a aaaaoueio oethaeaieo ?aaaeai eiiiiceoi??a.
O?eaiaeiee na?aaei?e ?icae?e, ui iaaaaeo? ae?aiaoe/i? ia?ace
?aaaeaanei? ioceee, iaaea? oe?e a?? ca “/oaeeie” i?aaeeaie “ia’?ii?noue”
? caaa?oai?noue: o i?ioean? ?icaeoeo aeyaey?oueny ? ni?aaaei?e
aaoi?nueeee noeeue.

O?aoy /anoeia – i?ea?iaeueiee iiaeyae c??eiai iaeno?a ia aeani? oai?e –
“a?a c naiei niaith”. O?e iniiaieo oaie /anoeie ? ??ii?/iei
ia?ainieneaiiyi iiia?aaei?o oai??a eiiiiceoi?a – Niiaoe aeey ne?eiee ?
oi?oaieaii (1927), “Oaioa?e”aeey aaeaoo “A?yei AEaiie” (1927) oa
?ic?iaee Eiioea?oo aeey e?ai? ?oee (1930). Ooo noeeuei?noue ?aaaey aei
naii??ii?? aeinyaa? naiai aiiiaath. Ice?ath/enue iacaae, eiiiiceoi?
iii?/a? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia, c?neethth/e ??ii?/ia oa ia?iae?eia.

I?ae?icae?e 3.3. ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a Ne?eieiaiio eiioea?o? ?2 I.Nei?eea
i?enay/aiee ioceoe? no/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai eiiiiceoi?a, oai?/?noue
yeiai i?aai?/ii aieno?oueny a eoeueoo?iee eiioaeno iaoi? aiioe.
Aeooaeueia a OOno. i?iaeaia caa??aaiiy ? ia?ainieneaiiy aeooiaieo
oe?iiinoae oa niaaeueie ieioeiai – oeaio?aeueia aeey eiiiiceoi?a.
Iniaeea?noth anoaoe/ieo i?eioeei?a Nei?eea ? oa, ui ?icaeoie i?i
niaaeei?ii?noue, i?i ?ieue oai?oey a no/aniiio na?o? a?i, iae/ano?oa,
aeneiaeth? a ?a?ia?e oi?i?. Iniaeeai iieaciaei o oeueiio a?aeiioaii?
aeaea?oueny Ne?eieiaee eiioea?o ?2.

Niaoeeo?eo eiiiiceoe?? aeyaey? ae?y ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy”. ?aeath
oai?o aecia/a? aeaiiino?aoe?y ia o?eueee a??ooicieo ? ae?aciaeo
iiaeeeainoae nie?noa oa i?eano?a, aea naia iiaeeeainoae aeai?o. O
a?aeiioaiiy “ai?ioueae-ceaaiaee” aeeth/athoueny i?eeiie eiioea?o?a
??ciiiai?oieo noeeueiaeo iai?yie?a.

Eiiiiceoi? ia caa?oa?oueny aei cania?a noee?caoe??, a oei a?eueoa,
oeeooaaiiy. Eiioeaioe?th eiioea?oo aecia/a? noia?ieoeoai ?iaiaioii –
ioce/ieo caeiiii??iinoae: ??ciiiai?oieo ii?i ? i?eeii?a aeeeaaeaiiy ?
?icaeoeo ioce/ii? aeoiee. A aeeneo/iio ciaaaii? aa?ooue o/anoue
ae?iaeai? ?a?iiaenueeith ioceeith i?ioeeaaei? caniae i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii? oeaieie – iie?oii?/iee ? aiiioiiii-aa?iii?/iee; ??ci?
i?eioeeie ia’?aeiaiiy ioce/iiai iaoa??aeo — oiiaeueiee ? iiaeaeueiee;
??ciiiai?oi? oeie caoeiaeo nenoai – o?aaeeoe?eia ae?aoiieea ?
“12-nooiaiia ae?aoiieea” (oa?i?i I.Nei?eea) ioceee OO noi??//y.
“Ciaaathoueny” i?ioeeaaei? ia?aci? noa?e, ui a?aeoai?ththoue ?
?aae?niee, iioei?noe/iee aeoo ? ae?eiaee oiion eeane/iiai eiioea?oo; ?
o?aa?/io eiioe?eoi?noue, noa’?eoeaiee e??eci ?iiaioe/iiai; ? aino?o
?aoeaeneai?noue ? aiaeii/an ?a?iao iaia?aaeaa/oaai?noue eiioea?oo OO
noi??//y.

A oai?? ? oa, ui i?eoaiaiia ni?aaaeiueiio eiioea?oo: ? i?eno?ani?,
aeni?aneai? iiiieiae nie?noa, ? a??ooicia nieueia eaaeaioe?y, ?
ae?aiaoe/i? eoeuei?iaoe??, ? ?aioia? “ceaie”, “iaaaee”, ? iiiaioe
e??e/iiai i?ina?oe?iiy, ? aacaeo?ia ?aae?noue, ? ?a?iaa iaaeiooai?noue,
? iaa?oue o?i/enoa oea?aiiii?noue iioi?iiii? oiaee. Ona – iaia/a a oi
na?eicii, aea a?ae?aco ae iaa?oa?oueny a?ith: aeaiiino?aoe??th iaeiiai c
oa?aeoa?ieo i?eeii?a aeai?o eiioea?oo.

O Aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe, aecia/athoueny
oeyoe iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee ?? i?iaeaiaoeee.

Oae, ? a ?aaaey, ? a No?aaeinueeiai a cacia/aieo aeua oai?ao ae?? oei
?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “i?noeo?eaoe??”. I?ioa iniaeeaino? oai?/i?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? eiaeiiai aaoi?a iaoiiaeththoue i?ea?iaeuei?noue
ooaeiaeiueiai ?acoeueoaoo. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ae?? ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e
“i?noeo?eaoe??” a oai?ao ?aaaey ? No?aaeinueeiai i?aee?aneth?
niaoeeo?eo ?o ieneaiiy, a?aei?iiino? a i?aeoiae? aei eoeueoo?ii?
niaaeueie. sseui ?aaaeue “a?a?” c aeai?iai-noeeueiaeie iiaeaeyie,
ia?acii-aiioe?eieie ee?oa ioce/iiai ienoaoeoaa? inoaii?o noie?oue, oi
No?aaeinueeee caa?oa?oueny aei eiie?aoieo noee?noe/ieo iniaeeainoae. O
?aaaey o?ainoi?iaoe?y ia?aii? noee?noe/ii? iiaeae? iia’ycaia c
ia?aoai?aiiyi oeiiaiai ia?acii-noeeueiaiai i?iyao, ye /anoeie a?eueo
aenieiai ooaeiaeiueiai ocaaaeueiaiiy. Aeey No?aaeinueeiai — ia?aia
noeeenoe/ia iiaeaeue i?eaaaeeaa naia ii nia?. A?i aeine?aeaeo? ??
no?oeoo?o ?, aiaeii/an, o?ainoi?io? ?? aioo??oi? caeiiii??iino?. Oaeei
/eiii, yeui ?aaaeue i???ioo?oueny ia a?eueo? aaee/eie — noeeue, aeai?,
oi ?aoeaen?y No?aa?inueeiai ni?yiiaaia, a ia?oo /a?ao, ia iiao, ui ?
ia?aae/oooyi aaeeeiai ooaeiaeieea iniiaieo oaiaeaioe?e aiioe, ye?
iiaiith i??ith aeyaeeenue a ae?oa?e iieiaei? OOno.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “i?noeo?eaoe??” aeiiiiiaei aeyaeoe
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?ica?aeiino? aaoi?nueeeo caaeoi?a. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co
?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy” o oai?ao ?aaaey ? Nei?eea, aeicaieythoue
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aioo??oith aeecuee?noue ?o ooaeiaei?o onoaiiaie.
Iacaaaeath/e ia a?aeaeaeai?noue o?iiieia?/ieo ?aiie, iaoe?iiaeueieo oa
noeeueiaeo aeaea?ae, eiiiiceoi??a ia’?aeio? aaaeaiiy “c?ooiaoiooe”
eiiiiceoe?ei?, ae?aiaoo?a?/i?, noee?noe/i? i?eeiie, ui aiaeththoue aei
??ciiiai?oieo noee?a ?a?iiaenueei? ioceee, ye i?ioan?eii?, oae ?
oieueeei?ii? o?aaeeoe??. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia no?eueee aeoeaioo?oueny
aia?aaeaioi?noue aeaiaio?a, ye? iio??aii aeaoeo?oaaoe, a “aa?oeeaeueiee”
oa?aeoa? naiaioe/ieo iaoa?oaaiue oaia? io?eio? “ai?eciioaeueiee” aei??.
Ia ia?oee ieai ooo aeoiaeeoue i?eioeei aeeneo/iai ciaaaiiy i/aaeaeiiai
aeey an?o. ?a?iaee aoaeo ia?iaeaeo?oueny oiiai?noth ai?ioueae, ui
i?eionea? ia eiioe?eoiee ?icaeoie iiae?e, a ao?eth? i?ioean nai???aeiiai
ia’?aeiaiiy ?icia?oiai.

Ioaea, i?enooi?noue ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy” noai?th? oe?e?ni?noue
iniaeeaiai oeio. ssne?aaa noia?ieoeoai iiey?ieo oei?a i?aai?caoe??
ioce/ii? oeaieie, caoeiaeo nenoai, ae?aiaoo?a?/ieo i?eeii?a a Eiioea?o?
Nei?eea aeyaey? aeecueea ?aaaeth i?aaiaiiy inieneeoe niaaeueio ieioeiai,
/a?ac i?ecio ?a?iaiai ciaaaiiy aeyaeoe aca?iii?eoyaiaiiy ?
acaeiia?aeooiaooaaiiy ??cieo o?aaeeoe?e. Oea ?ice?eaa? ?aei?noue
eoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo OO noi??//y, aeey yeiai oa?aeoa?iei yaeuai noa?
iiooe iiaeo cania?a neioaco o?aaeeoe?e, a ?a?iaa ciaaaiiy noa? iaeiei
?c oeyo?a ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie.

?icaeyae ae?? ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “iica?ee” a oai?? aeyaey? iniaeeaino?
i?ioeano ?ooo ii eieo. Aiia o?eno? ithaine ci?noo, iiaeaethth/e iiaeeea?
aa??aioe ia?a?iciiae?eo eiinoaioieo ia?aieo aeaiaio?a. Oae, o oeeee?
“I’youe iaeueoe?a” ?.No?aa?inueeee, caa??aath/e iaci?iieie iniiai?
no?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe? (“eoaeee”), ?ai?acaioo? iiae?ai?noue an?o
i’?n,naiaioe/io iaae/a?ii?noue “aei?noei o?eniaaiiai”.

Oiaoi, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?a?iai? no?oeoo?e “ciaaaiiy”, ui aeyaey?
?aei?noue iiiaeeiiiai, ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee” aeaiiino?o?
iiiaeeii?noue ?aeeiiai. Iaaooue oiio, ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee” ?
oaeith i?eaaaeeaith aeey ienooe?a OO noi??//y. Aaeaea, ?aeay iiiaeeiiiai
ci?noo (?.Aa?o) a?aeaeaa? niaoeeo?eo no/aniiai eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai
ia??iaeo. Eiai oa?aeoa? oiiei aecia/a? AE.Aea???aea, aenooiath/e i?ioe
i?eioeeio “oeaio?aoe??”, ui ?noi?e/ii ooaa?aeeany a ?a?iiaenuee?e
o?aaeeoe??. O?aioeocnueeee o?einio caeeeea? a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae
aoaeue-yeeo aeoeaio?a ? aeii?iaio a ona?aeiieaii? iiiceoe?eieo ia? ?
aeciaoe, ui ona ni?a?nio? ??aiii?aaii ? “a?a?” a a?/iiio e?oaiiaa?oaii?.
Oe?e?ni?noue oaeiai oeio iaiiaeeeaa iica inieneaiiyi iiiaeeiiino?
eoeueoo?ieo eiae?a, o?aaeeoe?e, iiaeaeae, ui a?eueii aca?iiae?thoue
iaeei c iaeiei. Oeae i?ioean “ci?ia?” ia naaa oi?aa?naeuei?noue ?a?iaiai
aeoo. Naia a?a aeicaiey? aaaaoia?aiii ?ice?eoe iiaeeea? ca’ycee ?
cia/aiiy, ui eiaeai ?ac ii-iiaiio aeyaeythoue ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e.

I?aaethaaiiy iacaeieaiieo a?aieoeue iii?ae aeine?aeaeoaaieie yaeuaie
?iaeoue oiiaiith ? aoaeue-yeo eeaneo?eaoe?th ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?. Aiie
i?aai?/ii aca?iiae?thoue ? aaaeei ?ic/eaiiaothoueny. Cai?iiiiiaaia a
aeaiiio aeine?aeaeaii? oeiieia?caoe?y ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? eeoa i?iynith?
nooi?iue ? oa?aeoa? i?iyao iaaieo ?a?iaeo i?eioeei?a, aniaeo ?icoi?iiy
aaoi?nueeiai caaeoio, neooaoeueei? aai aeeiiaanueei? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??:
?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??” aeoea?co? ooai?aiiy ia?aaeeaiaoe/ieo
eaioethaee?a; “ciaaaiiy” — iiooe oeyo?a ia’?aeiaiiy ?icia?oiai,
noai?aiiy iiaiai neioaco; “iica?ee” — aeyaeaiiy iiiaeeiiino? ?aeeiiai.
An? oeie ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? caaaeaee i?enooi? a ioce/iiio oai??. A?aei?ii?
eeoa nooi?iue ?o aeaiiino?aoe?? ? ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Oaeei /eiii,
?a?ia? no?oeoo?e aeiiiiaaathoue ?ice?eoe ie?ai? i?iyae aace?ia/iiai
?a?iaiai aeoo, a yeiio ?icai?oathoueny eoeueoo?i? ? aeania aeeoo?a?
i?ioeane.

Ae?y ?a?iaeo no?oeoo?, ui iniaeeai i?eoaiaiia no/ani?e eoeueoo?? ia
iaiaaeo?oueny ?aieaie OO noie?ooy, aea ioiieth? ? iiia?aaei? ia??iaee ??
?icaeoeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy a aeaiiio aniaeo? ?ice?eaa? iaeaaaeeea?o?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ieneaiiy ethaeeie; aeiiiiaaa? aeyaeoe niaoeeo?eo aieeao
?a?iaeo i?eioeei?a ia ienoaoeoai ??cieo /an?a; ni?ey? ona?aeiiieaiith
?aeiino? eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/iiai eiioaenoo, ui ?ice?eaa?oueny /a?ac
ni?euei?noue i?iya?a a?e a ??cieo noa?ao oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? – ioceoe?,
aeeaiieno, e?oa?aoo??, oiui. Ia iniia? iiaeaeueoiai anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy
aieeao ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? ia ioce/ia ienoaoeoai aeaea?oueny iiaeeeaei
noai?eoe ocaaaeueithth/o oai??th a?e a ioceoe?, ui caeia nai? i?noea a
?yaeo ?a?iaeo oai??e, aaea noi?iiaaieo a ?ioeo noa?ao ciaiiy.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Eeeiaiei A. I?i aeaye? iniaeeaino? ao?eaiiy a?e a ioceoe? (aei ieoaiiy
i?i nooi?noue iiiyooy “?a?iaa no?oeoo?a”) // Oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i?
ieoaiiy eoeueoo?ieia??.: Ca.noaoae. – Ee?a: Eiain, 1997, *.?. – N.92-97

Eeeiaiei A. Oi?oaieaiiue eiioea?o G-dur I.?aaaey: i?aaeei ea?u – “ea?a n
i?aaeeii”? // Ee?anueea ioceeiciaanoai: Ca.noaoae. – Ee?a, 1998, aei. 1.
– N.227-239

Eeeiaiei A. Aiciiaeiinoe ea?iauo no?oeoo? a i?ioeanna eioa?i?aoaoeee
iocueaeueiiai i?iecaaaeaiey // Ee?anueea ioceeiciaanoai: Ca.noaoae. –
Ee?a, 1999, aei.2.-N.36-44

Eeeiaiei A. Aeaye? ?ene ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai noeeth I.Nei?eea a aniaeo?
?a?iai? anoaoeee // Oe?a?inueea ioce/ia eoeueoo?a OO noie?ooy: iiooee,
caeiaooee, ia?niaeoeae: Ca.iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Noie, 1996. – N.35-38

Eeeiaiei A.A. ?a?ia? no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?: anoaoeea, oeiieia?y, ooaeiaeiy
i?aeoeea.–?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
ienoaoeoaiciaanoaa ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 17.00.03 – ioce/ia ienoaoeoai. –
Iaoe?iiaeueia ioce/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?i.I.?.*aeeianueeiai, Ee?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ?a?iaeo
no?oeoo? a ioceoe? ia iniia? aeno?aiieyoe?? caaaeueieo ?a?iaeo
i?eioeei?a a aaeocue ioce/ii? oai?/ino?.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii aoaie oi?ioaaiiy ?a?iiaenueeeo eiioeaioe?e
a?e; ia aac? o?einionueei-anoaoe/ieo ?a?iaeo oai??e aecia/aii no/ania
?icoi?iiy a?e ye oi?aa?nae??; ?ice?eoi ca iiiaeeii?noth ciai?oi?o
?a?iaeo iiaeeo?eaoe?e iayai?noue ni?eueieo ?a?iaeo i?eioeei?a; ia iniia?
?iaiaioieo ?a?iaeo caeiiii??iinoae ae/eaiiaaii iiaeeea? aa??aioe
no?oeoo?e a?e; aaaaeaii ? oai?aoe/ii ?ic?iaeaii iiiyooy “?a?iai?
no?oeoo?e a ioceoe?”; cai?iiiiiaaii oeiieia?caoe?th ?a?iaeo no?oeoo? ca
i?eioeeiaie aca?iiae?? ?o neeaaeiaeo aeaiaio?a: ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a
“ciaaaiiy” (i?eioeei ciaaaiiy), ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “iica?ee” (i?eioeei
eiia?iaoi?eee), ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a “i?noeo?eaoe??” (i?eioeei
aia?aaeaioiino?).

?ic?iaeaio a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeeo aiae?co ca aeiiiiiaith ?a?iaeo
no?oeoo? ai?ia??oaaii ia iaoa??ae? oi?oai?aiiiai oeeeeo “I’youe
iaeueoe?a” ? “A?iio” ?c “Na?aiaaee in A” ?.No?aaeinueeiai; Niiaoe aeey
ne?eiee ? oi?oai?aii, Eiioea?oo aeey oi?oai?aii c i?eano?ii G-dur
I.?aaaey; Eiioea?oo ? 2 aeey ne?eiee c i?eano?ii I.Nei?eea.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?a, a?a a ioceoe?, oai??y a?e, ?a?iaa no?oeoo?a,
eiioi?eaoeaiee aeo, eiia?iaoi?eea, i?noeo?eaoe?y, ciaaaiiy.

Eeeiaiei A.A. Ea?iaua no?oeoo?u a iocuea: ynoaoeea, oeiieiaey,
ooaeiaeanoaaiiay i?aeoeea.– ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaaeeaeaoa eneonnoaiaaaeaiey
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 17.00.03 – iocueaeueiia eneonnoai. – Iaoeeiiaeueiay
iocueaeueiay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu ei. I.E.*aeeianeiai, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?ac?aaioea oai?aoe/aneeo iniia ea?iauo no?oeoo?
a iocuea ia iniiaa yeno?aiieyoeee iaueo ea?iauo i?eioeeiia a
iocueaeueiia oai?/anoai.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu yoaiu oi?ie?iaaiey aa?iiaeneeo eiioeaioeee
ea?u; ia aaca iieiaeaiee oeeinionei-ynoaoe/aneeo ea?iauo oai?ee
ii?aaeaeaii nia?aiaiiia iiieiaiea ea?u eae oieaa?naeee; ?ane?uoi ca
iiiaeanoaaiiinoueth aiaoieo ea?iauo iiaeeoeeaoeee iaee/ea iaueo ea?iauo
i?eioeeiia; ia iniiaa eiiaiaioiuo ea?iauo caeiiiia?iinoae au/eaiaiu
aiciiaeiua aa?eaiou no?oeoo?u ea?u; aaaaeaii e oai?aoe/anee
?ac?aaioaii iiiyoea “ea?iaie no?oeoo?u a iocuea”; oeiieiaece?iaaiu
ea?iaua no?oeoo?u a iocuea; i?iaiaeece?iaaia niaoeeoeea
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ea?iauo no?oeoo? a iioiii oaenoa; iaoiaeeea aiaeeca
i?e iiiiue ea?iauo no?oeoo? ai?iae?iaaia ia iaoa?eaea oi?oaieaiiiai
oeeeea “Iyoue iaeueoeaa” e “Aeiia” ec “Na?aiaaeu in A” E.No?aaeineiai;
Niiaou aeey ne?eiee e oi?oaieaii G-dur, Eiioea?oa aeey oi?oaieaii n
i?eano?ii G-dur I.?aaaey; Eiioea?oa ? 2 aeey ne?eiee n i?eano?ii
I.Nei?eea.

Ea?iaua no?oeoo?u, auaeaeaiiua ia iniiaa yeno?aiieyoeee oeaio?aeueiuo
iieiaeaiee oai?ee ea?u a aoiaieoa?iuo iaoeao, auyaeytho aioo?aiiea
caeiiiia?iinoe aiaoia iiiaiia?aciuo ea?iauo i?ioeannia. A ?acoeueoaoa
aiaeeca eo aiciiaeiuo aa?eaioia, i?aaeeiaeaiu o?e iniiaiuo oeia ea?iauo
no?oeoo?: ea?iaay no?oeoo?a “ienoeoeeaoeee” (a iniiaa acaeiiaeaenoaey
yeaiaioia no?oeoo?u – i?eioeei aiaeaaeaioiinoe), ea?iaay no?oeoo?a
“ninoycaiey” (i?eioeei ninoycaiey), ea?iaay no?oeoo?a “iicaeee”
(i?eioeei eiiaeiaoi?eee).

Ea?iaay no?oeoo?a “ienoeoeeaoeee” iaoneaaeeaaao iinoiyiiia
aaeaine?iaaiea ia a?aie i/aaeaeiiai e ne?uoiai. Iia i?iyaeyao i?eioeeiu
o?ainieaioaoeee ioia?aiiuo yeaiaioia iaeioi?ie aua?aiiie iiaeaee e
aeaoa?ieie?oao eo iiaoth i?aaiecaoeeth a oaenoa. A aeaiiii neo/aa
oa?aeoa?iie noaiiaeony oaiaeaioeey yeaiaioia oaenoa i?aa?auaoueny a
eiaeaenu ciaeia (iieiao oio, eoi ciaao).

I?enoonoaea ea?iaie no?oeoo?u “ninoycaiey” nicaeaao oeaeinoiinoue
iniaiai oeia. A yoii neo/aa oaea ia aeoeaioe?oaony aiaeaaeaioiinoue
yeaiaioia, eioi?ua ioaeii aeaoeo?iaaoue. “Aa?oeeaeueiue” oa?aeoa?
naiaioe/aneeo ianeiaiee oaia?ue i?eia?aoaao “ai?eciioaeueiia” ecia?aiea.
Ia ia?aue ieai auoiaeeo i?eioeei aeanoyuaai ni?aaiiaaiey i/aaeaeiiai
aeey anao. Yoio i?ioeann naiaia?aciiai iauaaeeiaiey ?acee/iiai
?ane?uaaao aaeeinoai eoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoa OO aaea, aeey eioi?iai
oa?aeoa?iui yaeaieai noaiiaeony iiene iiauo niiniaia iniuneaiey e
neioaca o?aaeeoeee, a ea?iaia ni?aaiiaaiea noaiiaeony iaeiei ec iooae
?aoaiey i?iaeaiu.

?anniio?aiea ea?iaie no?oeoo?u “iicaeee” a i?iecaaaeaiee auyaeyao
iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanna aeaeaeaiey ii e?oao. Ea?iaay no?oeoo?a “iicaeee”
ioaaouaaao i?eioeeiu ni/aoaiey noaaeeueiiai e iiaeeueiiai a oneiaeyo
nio?aiaiey iaeioi?ie ia/aeueiie a?oiiu yeaiaioia. Iia oeene?oao ithainu
niunea, iiaeaee?oy aiciiaeiua aa?eaiou ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey eiinoaioiuo
yeaiaioia. A yoeo oneiaeyo eiioeaio?e?oaony aieiaiea ia
iee?ii?aa?auaieyo, iee?iniauoeeiinoe. A ioee/ea io ea?iaie no?oeoo?u
“ninoycaiey”, auyaeythuae “aaeeinoai iiiaeanoaaiiiai”, ea?iaay no?oeoo?a
“iicaeee” iaiaaeaao “iiiaeanoaaiiinoue aaeeiiai”.

Ea?iaua no?oeoo?u iiiiaatho auyaeoue ooaeiaeanoaaiioth eaeath
i?iecaaaeaiey, iniaaiiinoe ae?aiaoo?aee, iocueaeueiiai ycuea.
Acaeiiaeaenoaea ea?iauo e iocueaeueii-eiiiiceoeeiiiuo i?eioeeiia iiaeao
auoue i/aaeaeiui, aeaeea?aoeaiui eee ne?uoui, caoeo?iaaiiui;
eieaaaoueny io o?iaiy iee?ii?ioeannia, i?ioaeathueo a iocueaeueiii ycuea
aei aeaenoaey ia o?iaia ooaeiaeanoaaiii-ynoaoe/aneii, noeeaaii.

Ea?iaua no?oeoo?u i?aaie/ii acaeiiaeaenoaotho e o?oaeii ?an/eaieiu.
I?aaeeiaeaiiay a aeaiiie ?aaioa oeiieiaecaoeey ea?iauo no?oeoo? eeoue
i?iyniyao noaiaiue e oa?aeoa? i?iyaeaiey oao eee eiuo ea?iauo
i?eioeeiia, aniaeo iiieiaiey aaoi?neiai caiunea. Ea?iaay no?oeoo?a
“ienoeoeeaoeee” aeoeaece?oao auno?aaaiea ia?aaeeaiaoe/aneeo oeaii/ae;
“ninoycaiey” – iiene iooae iauaaeeiaiey ?acee/iiai; “iicaeee” –
auyaeaiea iiiaeanoaaiiinoe aaeeiiai. Oaeei ia?acii, auyaeaiiua ea?iaua
no?oeoo?u iiiiaatho au/eaieoue ioaeaeueiua i?iyaeaiey aaneiia/iiai
ea?iaiai aeoa, a eioi?ii ?acaa?ouaathony eoeueoo?iua e nianoaaiii
aeeciaiiua i?ioeannu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ea?a, ea?a a iocuea, oai?ey ea?u, ea?iaay no?oeoo?a,
eiiioieeaoeaiue aeo, eiiaeiaoi?eea, ienoeoeeaoeey, ninoycaiea.

Klymenko V.B. Playing structures in music: aesthetics, typology, art
practice.–Manuscript.

The thesis for competition for candidate of arts degree on a specialety
17.00.03 – musical arts. – National Musical Academy of Ukraine named
after P.I.Chaikovsky, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to the theoretical statements of playing
structures in music on the extrapolation of playing principles in the
field of music creativity.

In the thesis are examined the staps of the formation of the europeen
conception of play; on the basis of the philosophical and aesthetical
playing theorics is determined a modern conception of the play as
universalism; in spite of a great number of external playing
modifications are revealed common playing principles; on the basis of
immanent playing ragularity are defined the possible variants of the
play structure; is introduned and theoretically elaborated the
conception of “playing structure in music”; is proposed the typology of
playing structures according to the principle of the interaction of
their constituting elements: the playing structure “competiton”
(principe of competiton), the playing structure “mosaics” (principe of
combination), the playing structure ”mystification” (principe of
ambivalent).

The method of analysis worked out in the thesis with the help of playing
structures are approved on the matherial of the piano cycle “Five
fingers” and “Hymn” by I.Stravinsky; Sonatas for violin and piano,
Concerto for piano and orchestra G-dur by M.Ravel; Concerto ? 2 for
violin and orchestra by M.Skorik.

Key-words: playing structure, play, play in music, theory of the play,
mystification, combination competition.

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